Title: Florida college farmer
ALL VOLUMES CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075980/00055
 Material Information
Title: Florida college farmer
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30cm.
Language: English
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Gainesville
 Subjects
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Apr. 1930)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1960?
Numbering Peculiarities: Suspended with v. 3, no. 5 (May 1932) and resumed with Dec. 1935 issue. Suspended with v. 9, no. 4 (may 1941) and resumed with New series v. 1 (summer 1948).
General Note: Published by Agricultural students at the University of Fla.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075980
Volume ID: VID00055
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01569450
lccn - 55047167

Full Text


the florida


college


VOLUME 10 NUMBER 3 (


Spring 1959

In this issue ...


armer


New Curricula
Agri-Business! What is it?
Beef Cattle Short Course
Student Aid


~-- .,...










































'with a JOHN DEERE

BALER and TRACTOR


With the thrifty twosome of a John Deere Baler and
Tractor, farmers everywhere have discovered the
brighter side to haying. They are finding that they can
do a better, speedier job, literally spread the sunshine,
make their barns bulge with higher-quality hay, and
stack up savings by the bale.
Choose the Baler to Match Your Needs
Comparison leads farmers to choose John Deere Bal-
ers-twine or wire. The winning difference shows up
in the extra capacity the simplicity of design .
the dependable performance that enables them to gob-
ble up the heaviest crops. Most of all, it shows up in
the compact, sliced, square-cornered bales that are so
easy to handle, stack and feed-bales that stand up un-
der the roughest handling.
Sure, there's a big-capacity, cost-cutting John Deere
Baler for you. The 14-T is the family-sized twine-tie
. the larger 214-T Twine-Tie makes denser, heavier


"WHEREVER CROPS GROW, THERE'S A GROWING DEMAND
FOR JOHN DEERE FARM EQUIPMENT"


bales and the 214-W is perfect if you prefer wire,
or sell your hay.

"Live" PTO Ups Baling Efficiency
On every baling job and particularly in heavy wind-
rows, you'll work with much greater efficiency-thanks
to the "live" Power Take-Off featured on the new "30"
Series Tractors. When the baler takes on an overload,
you merely stop forward tractor travel. The PTO con-
tinues to operate, clearing the baler and permitting you
to proceed on your way in seconds. The "creeper" gear
is ideal when the going gets tough; you can maintain
full powershaft output at slow travel speeds, harvest
all your hay with greater ease and convenience. Natu-
rally, John-Deere tractor economy makes baling one
more big job that can be handled at low per-acre costs.
If you grow hay-go John Deere. See your dealer
soon.
r
SEND FOR FREE LITERATURE
JOHN DEERE MOLINE, ILLINOIS DEPT.CM-2
Please send me information on the items checked:
E 14-T Twine-Tie Baler [ 214-T Twine-Tie Baler [] 214-W
Wire-Tie Baler. John Deere Tractors: O "430" 0 "530"
r "630" [ "730"
I farm acres.
Name
0 Student
R.R.-Box---- S
Town State
-1








"4-



the florida

college farmer


Volume 10, Number 3


CONTENTS


Spring, 1959


Horticultural Club Tours New York 2
New Curricula 2
Your College of Agriculture 4
Mechanized Agriculture 5
Agri-Business! What Is It? 6
Agriculture ... Science, Business... 7
Beef Cattle Short Course 7
Student Aid 8
Agri-Views 12

STAFF
Editor Jackson Brownlee
Managing Editor Terry McDavid
Editorial Assistant Lea Chaplin
Editorial Assistant Erny Sellers
Business Manager Richard Kelly
Circulation Manager Harold Stephens

Faculty Advisory Committee
Chairman, Prof. J. R. Greenman
Dr. Earl G. Rodgers, Dr. Ralph Eastwood

) COVER: The cover picture this issue is Dan
McCarty Hall, the building which houses the
College of Agriculture, and Dr. Marvin A.
Brooker, Dean of the College of Agriculture.
(Photo of McCarty Hall courtesy
of Mr. J. F. Coopers' office.)
The FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER is the student
publication from the College of Agriculture of the Univer-
sity of Florida. It is compiled, edited, and distributed by
students of this college. It is the privilege of any ag stu-
dent to use this publication as a medium of expression. It
is the voice of the Florida Agricultural student.
Entered as second class mailing matter at the Post Office at University
Station, Gainesville, Florida, December 8, 1938, under an Act of
Congress of 1879. Twenty-five cents per copy, dollar a year. Pub-
lished four times during the year: November, January, March, and
May. Address all correspondence to Florida College Farmer, Dan
McCarty Hall, Gainesville, Florida.
PRINTED BY CONVENTION PRESS, JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
SPRING, 1959


IEDITORIlAIL

The masses-the 95%-will be content to go along
their own way. Their plateau is comfortable. Why be
disturbed or excited? But that other 4% and the King-
ly % will never be held down until every unused ca-


1% reach the top........................

4% reach this level .................. .

95% content to plateau here............


pacity has been marshalled for service. What is it that
lights the fuse of the 4% to the higher Leadership lev-
el and then the other 1% to the Kingly group? Why do
the 95% never get their second wind? If the habits of
the 95% keep them on their plateau, don't you think
by grim determination, you, with your marvelous un-
used capacities, can form just as strong a habit to live
on the 4% Leadership level or rise to the Kingly
1%? But it takes real stuff to do it ...
WILLIAM H. DANFORTH from I DARE YOU

This issue of The Florida College Farmer is dedi-
cated to high school seniors throughout the state of
Florida. It is hoped that it will give you a better un-
derstanding of the field of agriculture and of the Col-
lege of Agriculture here at the University of Florida.
Whatever your ambition in life may be, I Dare You,
high school senior, to become a college graduate.
J. O. B.


Since 7890




BAIRD


HARDWARE CO.




GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA



























) The Horticultural Group which visited New York between semesters are: From left to right, 1st row,
Harold Stephens, Inez Hare, Mrs. J. A. Joiner, Mr. and Mrs. Robert Woolridge. Second row,
LeVerne Terry, Ed Ayers, Dr. J. A. Joiner and Tom Smith. Not pictured is Alan Weeks.


HORTICULTURAL CLUB

TOURS NEW YORK


Seven members of Thyrsus Horticul-
tural. Club. invaded New York City be-
tween semesters for a week visiting places
of horticultural interest, general sightsee-
ing and entertainment. The group left
Gainesville Friday, January 30, 1959, and
returned Sunday, February 8.
The students earned their transporta-
tion and hotel expenses, which were paid
by the club, by growing and selling chry-
santhemums at four home football games
during the fall semester. Students going
on the trip included Thomas C. Smith,
Edward Ayers, Jr., Allen Weeks, Harold
Stephens, Mr. and Mrs. Robert Wool-
dridge, LeVerne Terry, Inez Hare. They
were accompanied by Dr. Jasper Joiner,
faculty advisor, and Mrs. Joiner, chap-
erone.
The first weekend was spent sightsee-
ing, attending the Swan Lake Ballet and
the outstanding play, "My Fair Lady."
During the week the students also saw
"West Side Story", "Look Homeward An-
gel", and the opera, "Madame Butterfly".
Monday, February 2, the group went
to Long Island where they were met by
Dr. Arthur Bing, Cornell Agricultural Ex-
periment Station, Mr. Robert Brewster,
Suffolk County Agent and Harry Fries,
Nassau County Agent. These agricultural
workers escorted the group through large
greenhouse operations throughout the
day. Stops were made at rose, carnation,
chrysanthemum, orchid, and pot plant
ranges where some of the country's larg-
est floricultural growers guided the stu-
dents through their ranges and answered
all types of questions concerning their op-


erations. One grower who was visited
owned more than four acres of green-
house space.
On Tuesday, the group toured the New
York plant of the Tropicana Products,
Incs., located in the Borough of Queens.
At this plant, bulk juice arriving by tank-
er boat from Cape Canaveral, Florida, is
pumped into large storage tanks under re-
frigeration. From these tanks which hold
220,000 gallons of juice, the juice, single
strength, is pumped to machines which
fill and seal pint and quart size cartons
for distribution around the metropolitan
area. The tanker boat holds approximate-
ly 400,000 gallons, hence much of the
juice is pumped to the cartons directly
from the boat. Despite the large output of
this operation-more than 300,000 quarts
daily-the company feels that the market
is far from saturated. The plant manager
also stated that concentrated powder
products on the market are not offering
serious competition to the fresh juice
product.
Wednesday at the bright hour of 5:30
a.m. the students were walking through
the floricultural and citrus wholesale mar-
kets under the able guidance of Mr. Al
Saffer, member of the wholesale market.
Seeing how the Florida horticultural
products were sold by the large wholesale
market was an interesting experience for
everyone. The students were then treated
to a discussion and lunch by Mr. John
Dick, managing editor of the Florists Ex-
change and horticultural Trade World
Magazine.
Dr. P. P. Pirone, pathologist with the


New York Botanical Gardens, guided the
group through the garden area on Thurs-
day. There he took them through the re-
search, growing, and exhibition areas of
the Gardens, the plant museum, and the
herbarium. The tour included many areas
closed to the average tourist.
Friday and Saturday morning were
open for sightseeing around the city and
some of the places visited by the students
included the Havden Planetari'-m, Em-
pire State Building. Rockefeller Plaza, in-
cluding Radio City Music Hall, the
United Nations Building, Statue of Lib-
erty and other tourist attractions.
The clb members left New York Sat-
urday afternoon and arrived in Gaines-
ville the following afternoon. The mem-
bers felt the trip was extremely educa-
tional and interesting.

College of Agriculture
Initiates New Curricula
Because all phases of agriculture today
requires some knowledge of economics
and management principles, the Agricul-
tural Economics Department has just
initiated two new curricula and revised
the old one. The first of the new curricula
is called Agricultural Business Manage-
ment. This curriculum is designed for
those students interested in farming and
the administrative and service aspects of
agriculture and related businesses. A
minimum of technical agriculture is re-
quired and much attention is given to
economics, accounting, personnel and
business management and finance. It is
believed that most students desiring to
major in agricultural economics will
choose this curriculum. The second new
curriculum is called the Co-major Pro-
gram. Under this program a student can
major in agricultural economics and also
major in any other department of the
university. No technical agriculture will
be required so long as the student fulfills
the requirements of the college in which
he or she is majoring. For example, one
may major in Business Administration,
Political Science, Sociology or any other
science and also major in Agricultural
Economics. The third curriculum, called
Agricultural Economics, is designed for
those students interested primarily in
training as a professional agricultural
economist or preparing for graduate
study. These changes have been made to
meet the needs for training the student of
tomorrow. It is our hope that high school
graduates and their parents will give
more attention to the business side of ag-
riculture. The need is great.









THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER








"Buy the Best... Buy OAK CREST"


WE ARE HATCHING THE FOLLOWING BREEDS:


New Hamps

Sex Links


Rhode Island Reds

White Rocks


Mount Hope Queen White Leghorns


White Vantress Crosses


Red Vantress Crosses


Call or Write Today:



OAK CREST HA TCHERIES

INC.


Rt. 4 Box 563


Jacksonville 10, Florida


Phone SPring 1-2064


SPRING, 1959






































THE


DEAN SPEAKS








Your College



Of Agriculture







BY MARVIN A. BROKER

Dean, College of Agriculture

University of Florida


Your College of Agriculture is one of 12 Upper Division
Colleges at the University of Florida. It is the second oldest col-
lege on the campus, having been set apart as a separate college
in 1909-10.
Although the College dates back only to 1909-10 at Gaines-
ville, the history of teaching agriculture in what has become the
University of Florida goes back to 1884 when the Florida Ag-
ricultural College at Lake City opened its doors to students with
35 male students enrolled. In 1903 the State Legislature changed
the name of the Florida Agricultural College to the University
of Florida, and in 1906 the University moved to Gainesville un-
der authorization of the Buckman Act of 1905.
The first graduating class consisted of two individuals who
took their B.S.A. degrees in 1911. Since that time the College
has greatly expanded its program and increased its services to
the youth of the State so that including the January, 1959 com-
mencement, 3,008 students have received their B.S.A. degrees.
In addition, 811 advanced degrees have been conferred, includ-
ing 49 Ph.D. degrees.
The College of Agriculture has a wide variety of programs,
and a student may take courses in subjects ranging from Agri-
cultural Chemistry and Agricultural Economics to Vegetable
Crops and Veterinary Science. He may take basic science
courses leading to graduate work and careers in research and
higher education, or he may combine with these basic science
courses those with more applied aspects that would lead to ca-
reers in many fields.
When we think of Agriculture, we no longer think only of
agricultural production, important as that aspect of Agriculture
is to this State and Nation. We think also of all those businesses
and industries related to agricultural production; to marketing,
processing, warehousing, transportation, financing, and so on.
This new concept of Agriculture has required a broadening of
the various curricula of the College to provide training for work
in all these areas.
Agriculture should not be viewed in terms of fewer farms
each year and limited opportunities. Rather it should be viewed
in its entirety. Agriculture is an expanding industry when pro-
duction, processing, merchandising, and all allied services are
considered. Its growth has been sound and there are increasing
opportunities for successful careers for persons trained in Agri-
culture.
The doors of opportunity in Agriculture are open to increas-
ing numbers of women as well as for men. This semester 14
women are enrolled in Agriculture on the junior level or higher.
They are taking work in a number of fields such as Animal
Husbandry, Botany, Plant Pathology, Bacteriology, Agricultural
Economics, Ornamental Horticulture, and Fruit Crops.
Students are enrolled in the College of Agriculture from a
large number of states and from foreign countries all over the
world. Students from Latin American and from tropical and
sub-tropical areas around the world find conditions here most
attractive for acquiring agricultural knowledge that will be help-
ful when they return home. Many of these students make valua-
ble contributions in class discussions and seminars.
Students in the College of Agriculture are to be congratu-
lated upon the number of clubs and extracurricular activities
open to them. Most of the larger departments have departmental
clubs; then there is the Agricultural Fair, and service on the
staff of the Florida College Farmer, as well as other activities.
The well-rounded student will engage in a reasonable number of
these activities, and will find that they are conducive to the de-
velopment of his leadership qualities.
Finally, students in the College of Agriculture will find that
their services, upon graduation, are in great demand. No gradu-
ate of the College who has a creditable academic record, plus a
reasonable record of extracurricular activities, need stand in
line to find challenging employment. This is true in practically
all departments of the College, and is a matter of gratification
to us all. This should inspire us to redouble our efforts for a
greater College of Agriculture and a greater Florida.
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER













Mechanized




Agriculture



BY DR. DRAGTON KINARD

Head, Dept. of Agricultural Engineering

University of Florida


An example of mechanied agriculture. The study flexible roll-shift front axle
gives the high clearance needed for travel in rough spots. (Photo courtesy
Allis-Chalmers)


Engineering developments related to
agriculture account for an important con-
tribution to the improved efficiency of the
nation's agriculture in the last fifty years.
It is said that during this period more
progress in agriculture was achieved than
in all history before 1900. Less than 13
percent of the population now produces
all the food and fiber needed by this
country. One hundred years ago, before
mechanization, 85 per cent of our people
were required to do the production job.
Although the number of people re-
quired to run our farms is fewer, agri-
culture is otherwise an expanding indus-
try. More businesses and more people
than ever are involved in serving the farm
and in working with farm products. Also,
as Dean Butz, of Purdue University, in a
recent talk, said: "Our agricultural plant
uses each year more capital, more science
and technology, more purchased produc-
tion inputs, and more science and re-
search than the year before."
Tremendous improvements have been
made in farm labor output. In wheat pro-
duction for example, it is possible to pro-
duce an acre of wheat with 1.82 man
hours of labor instead of 57.7 man hours
required before mechanization. With au-
tomatic processing and conveying equip-
ment, one man can feed 1,000 beef cattle
in thirty minutes. A few years ago, 100
times as much labor was required to do
the same job. Today's farmer has at his
disposal about 36 mechanical or electri-
cal horsepower per worker to help him
in his work.
The importance of the mechanical as-
pects of agriculture and the need for ag-
ricultural engineers and for others espe-
cially prepared for work in this field is il-
lustrated by the size of the investments
and expenditures by farmers for equip-
SPRING, 1959


ment and facilities and of industry to
service farms.
Capital investment to create one agri-
cultural job on a good family commercial
farm may be three to four times as much
as in American industry, of which a ma-
jor portion of the farm investment is in
machines, equipment, structures, water
management-those things of special in-
terest in the field of agricultural engineer-
ing.
Industry furnishes farmers each year,
for example, among other things, accord-
ing to Dean Butz:
61/2 million tons of finished steel-
more than is used for a year's out-
put of passenger cars;
17V2 billion gallons of crude petro-
leum more than is used by any
other industry, and millions of tons
of a variety of other materials.
According to Dean Butz, the farm
plant in America purchases approximate-
ly 16 billion dollars worth of goods and
services used in farm production. To this
it adds a value of about 17 billion dol-
lars, which means that total farm produce
leaves the farm at about 33 billion dol-
lars. Processing and distribution add an-
other 45 billion to this, which makes a
total value of output in agri-business of
approximately 78 billion dollars.
Investments in farm machinery ap-
proach a nation total of 18 billion dol-
lars. The value of farm buildings exceeds
27.5 billion dollars, and new construction
of farm buildings proceeds at a rate ex-
ceeding 1V2 billion dollars a year. Over
95 per cent of U. S. farms have electricity
and the use of electric energy on Ameri-
can farms has increased over 12 times
since 1935. Brainage projects are used
to improve about 45 percent of the total
acreage of farm land in the United States.


About 300 million acres of land in the
United States is irrigated, this being the
greatest single use of fresh water in this
country.
Specially trained personnel is needed
for the opportunities in this industry, par-
ticularly in the field of Agricultural En-

gineering. It is said that eighty-five per
cent of the activities of present-day agri-
culture involve some engineering. There
are continued pressures to improve effi-
ciency and to reduce labor requirements
and costs of production. More machines
and power are being substituted for hu-
man labor. Optimum efficiency in live-
stock and poultry production and crop
storage requires the use of well-designed
structures and effective systems of waste
disposal. More effective and more wide-
spread use of soil and water conservation
measures are required to protect those
vital resources, to maintain productivity
and to provide water for irrigation and
domestic supply. Other work deals with
the handling and processing of agricul-
tural products, the use of electricity and
other fuels in agriculture, and a variety
of other jobs.
The Department of Agricultural En-
gineering offers two well-balanced pro-
grams to prepare young men for inter-
esting and useful careers in this field:
One program, for the degree of Bach-
elor of Science in Agriculture, Major in
Mechanized Agriculture, is for those stu-
dents who are more interested in posi-
tions such as those involving sales, pro-
motional work, or management, requir-
ing a strong background in agricultural
subjects. A feature of this program is
that it can be combined with other course
offerings to provide a second major field
according to the needs and aptitudes of
(Continued on Page 11)
































In round numbers, 65 million people
are employed in the United States. Of
these, 26 million may be called agribusi-
nessmen: 8 million work on farms, 7 mil-
lion produce for and service farmers, and
11 million are engaged in all forms of
marketing farm products. This makes
agribusiness the biggest business in the
country, and it means that there are tre-
mendous opportunities for anyone inter-
ested in getting into the field. In addi-
tion, it is important to note that about a
half a million scientists serve agriculture
directly or indirectly. Presently, colleges
are turning out only about half the num-
ber needed in agribusiness and the re-
lated sciences to support a progressive
agricultural industry.
Let us be more specific by looking at
the size of agribusiness in Florida. The
year 1954 will be used because this is
the most recent year for which complete
data are available. One must remember,
though, that today the figures would be
10 to 20 percent greater in most in-
stances. In 1954, Florida's agribusiness
was 1.8 billion dollars. There were 42,-
000 farm operators producing products
for the thousands of people engaged in
marketing and buying supplies and serv-
ices from thousands of other people en-
gaged in that business. Cash receipts of
farmers amounted to $566 million and
farmers spent over $300 million of this
for supplies and services. By the time
the farm products were marketed (sold,
processed, transported, stored, etc.), $885
million of value was added to the farm
value. Much of this value was added in
Florida, providing employment to over
50 thousand non-farm workers.
Breaking down these totals further, we
get:
Number of farm operators.... 41,590
Number of hired farm workers. 47,900
Total people employed
in farming ............. 89,490
Number of farms ............ 57,490
Value of farms ........... $1.6 billion

6


CASH RECEIPTS OF FARMERS AND
ESTIMATED RETAIL MARKET VALUE
in Millions
Retail Farm
Value Value
Citrus .................. $187.2 $ 654.5
Other fruits and nuts ..... 2.7 9.5
Truck crops ............. 148.5 512.2
Field crops ............. 51.3 301.8
Livestock ............... 52.2 84.2
Dairy products .......... 53.1 115.4
Poultry and eggs ........ 31.4 49.9
Horticulture specialties ... 29.5 60.0
Forest .................. 9.8 66.0
TOTAL .............. $565.7 $1,853.5
PURCHASES BY FARMERS:
Feed .......................$ 45.5 Million
Fertilizer ..................... 51.9 M million
Petroleum products ........... 15.1 Million
Lime ........................ 2.9 Million
Machinery hire ............... 12.7 Million
Hired labor .................. 84.2 Million
Grove care, interest, taxes,
miscellaneous ............... 100.0 Million
TOTAL PURCHASES ......$312.3 Million
Although data are not available on all phases
of marketing, the following data for Florida ag-
ribusiness are available for (1) manufacturing
of food and kindred products and (2) lumber
and wood products:
In 1956 in Florida there were 797 firms
manufacturing food and kindred products,
employing 30,391 persons, with a payroll of
$91.9 million. The value added totaled $797.7
million. For lumber and wood products,
there were 1,022 firms, employing 16,033
persons, with a payroll of $36.0 million; and
the value added was $56.9 million.
One could continue with many more
statistics, some of which are available for
more recent years, but the story would
be the same. Agribusiness (farm supply,
farming, and marketing) is Florida's big-
gest business. Young men and women
should keep this in mind in planning for
their future. It should also be remember-
ed that not only is agriculture big busi-
ness, but that it is a scientific business.
Many of us know that it is scientific in
the technical sense of biology and phys-
iology, but do we know that it is just as
scientific in the economics and business
management sense? Even in 1954, each
farm worker in the United States had an
average of over $18 thousand of capital
investment with which to work. Today,


AGRIBUSINESS!



What Is It?




BY DR. H. B. CLARK
Professor, Agricultural Economics
University of Florida


that figure is much larger and will con-
tinue to grow. No one who plans to op-
erate a farm can afford to be untrained
in how to influence and lead people, how
to use soil, how to plan the best cropping
and livestock systems, how to handle fi-
nancial and tax matters, and on and on.
Likewise, one interested in the farm sup-
ply or marketing sides of agribusiness
must be trained in the many facets of
business management and food technol-
ogy.
In summary, agriculture as we know
it today is a broad field with many op-
portunities. It is not confined to the farm,
although this is important. It is Florida's
biggest business, and, therefore, offers
the greatest opportunity for employment.
It is a scientific business at all levels, and
getting more so, and is not easy to get
into any longer. We at the University of
Florida are quite concerned because not
enough young men and women are plan-
ning to enter the agribusiness field to take
care of tomorrow's needs. Let us not be
blinded by the glamor of the atomic and
space age, important though it is. Food,
clothing, and shelter will always rank first
as man's needs. To provide these needs is
the goal of the agriculture business man.


More Than

Two Jobs Per

Ag Graduate
by ERNY SELLERS
College training in agriculture leads to
some of today best careers. Recent sur-
veys indicate that the eight basic fields of
Agriculture, including research, industry,
business, education, communications,
conservation, services, and farming and
ranching, could and would employ 15,-
000 new college graduates annually ..
if 15,000 with agricultural college train-
ing were available.
At present, our Land-Grant Agricul-
tural Colleges graduate about 7,000
young men and women each year in ag-
ricultural sciences 7,000 persons to
fill 15,000 jobs, or more than two jobs
for every agricultural graduate.
The biggest single part of the agricul-
tural field, and a fast growing one, is
business and industry. A good example
of the rapid growth characteristic of busi-
ness and industry in agriculture is the
feed industry. It recently rocketed into
ninth place among the largest industries
of the nation.
Banks and other credit agencies op-
erate on a large scale in agriculture, as
do insurance companies and the more
than 12,000 farm cooperatives. Some ag-
ricultural graduates enter farm manage-
ment, others become appraisers, brokers,
or salesmen of farm land.
(Continued on Page 10)
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


I











AGRICULTURE--

A Science

A Business

A Profession

BY JACKSON BROWNLEE


Agriculture is a science, a business and
a profession. Today agriculture means
more than the person who plants the
seed and reaps the harvest. In fact, the
farmer is only a small part of the great
field of agriculture. To consider the op-
portunities in agriculture look at them in
three parts-Agri-Science, Agri-Business
and Agri-Culture.
Agri-Science
Research and Education are two of the
most important keys to success. Agricul-
ture has done a wonderful job in these
two areas to keep up with the fast pace
of America. Projecting ourselves into the
future we know we must continue the
fast pace to stay ahead in the future. And
it will be through our agricultural scien-
tists and educators that we will find ways
to increase production, have better mar-
keting facilities, better equipment for the
farm, new processing methods, new prod-
ucts and a better rural life.
A few of the careers one may choose
to place himself in the agri-science field
are: Entomology, Pathology, Agronomy,
Soil Science, Animal Science and Agri-
cultural Chemistry.
Agri-Business
Although it is just being realized by
many, agri-business is one of the largest
industries of our nation. In the United
States as a whole agri-business is a 100
billion dollar industry. It employs 37%
of all labor and accounts for 40% of all
expenditures. It is difficult to tell where
agri-business actually ends, because most
all things can be traced back to the soil.
Our own university has recently set up
an agri-business curricula. One could go
on and on naming fields within this phase
that one could choose and still be con-
nected with agriculture. Banking and
Credit, Insurance, Marketing, Storage,
Transportation, Sales and Services, and
Communications are only a few.
Agri-Culture
If it is possible to say that one job is
more important than another, the farm-
er, or one who cultures the soil, plants
and animals, would probably be the most
important one in the field of agriculture.
Approximately 13 percent of our total
population produces the food and fiber
SPRING, 1959


for the entire nation. That makes the
farmer a pretty important person.
The requirements for a top-notch
farmer today are almost frightening. It
requires skill, energy and ambition. The
farmer must make many decisions and
know many things such as Chemistry,
Engineering, Entomology, Plant and Ani-
mal Physiology, Economics, and many
other things.
Today farming is more than a way of
life-it is a business too. Your chances of
success are much greater with a college
education in agriculture.
College Pays
From the monetary standpoint the
college graduate can expect to earn $72,-
000 more in a lifetime than the average
high school graduate.
Not only does college prepare one to
make a more profitable living, but it
helps develop a person to live a better
life. Most any college graduate will place
high values on between-class chats, dor-
mitory bull sessions, and playing intra-
murals for his fraternity. These are all
a part of learning to live a life.
It is a big decision and a big step for-
ward when you enroll in college. You
are investing four years of your life and
a good sum of money in a new venture
and a new experience. If you see where
you can fit into the bright future of ag-
riculture, then invest wisely by enrolling
in the College of Agriculture.


Beef Short Course
April 16-18 Slates
Interesting Topics
Pastures and fertilization will receive
special emphasis at the University of
Florida Agricultural Experiment Station's
annual beef cattle short course in Gaines-
ville, April 16-18.
Dr. T. J. Cunha, animal husbandry
and nutrition department head, says the
short course is co-sponsored by the Uni-
versity of Florida and the eight cattle
breed associations. The Alachua County
Cattlemen's Association will also help
with the event.
The Short Course will consist of lec-
tures, demonstrations, movies and slides.
Breed representatives from the various
cattle associations will take part in the
program and will be available to answer
questions.
Featured out-of-state speakers will be
Paul Swaffar, secretary, American Here-
ford Association; Ken R. Fulk, secretary,
American Shorthorn Association; Harry
Gayden, secretary, American Brahman
Association; Charles E. Bell, Jr.,
U.S.D.A.; Dr. R. A. Long, University of
Georgia; Dr. W. H. Hale, Charles Pfizer
& Company; R. B. Hunt, Doane Agricul-
tural Service; Drs. W. C. McCormick
and D. W. Beardsley, Georgia Coastal
Plain Experiment Station; Dr. I. M. Wof-
ford, Southern Nitrogen Company;
Ralph F. Hyatt, Schering Corporation;
and Bill McSpadden; classifier for Ameri-
can Angus Association.
Topics for discussion are vertical inte-
gration, tranquilizers, meat type steers,
protein needs, selection and developing
herd bulls, production practices, future
outlook, classification of Angus cattle,
dewatering feeds, pelleting feeds, silage
making, weed control, wintering cattle,
shipping and selling cattle in Latin Amer-
ica and many others.
The three-day short course will also
feature a tour of the purebred beef ex-
perimental farm and the beef research
unit.


Hector Supply Company


HECTOR'S

FOR THE BEST IN

FEED FERTILIZERS INSECTICIDES

FARM IMPLEMENTS

HOMESTEAD, FLA.























Students who need financial assistance
to attend College may obtain this aid in
three ways. (1) By securing part-time
employment. (2) Securing a long-term
loan and (3) by securing available schol-
arships.
Part-Time Employment
Twenty per cent of the students at the
University of Florida earn part of their
expenses by part-time employment -
either with the University or the Gaines-
ville community.
In the College of Agriculture it is often
possible for the student to obtain a part
time job as a student assistant which will
be beneficial educationally as well as fi-
nancially.
Students should apply for work prior
to coming to the campus.
Long-term Loans
Having established himself at the Uni-
versity, a student becomes eligible for a
long-term loan. These long-term loans
are usually made to students other than
freshmen. The loan allows the student
to complete his college education and re-
pay the loan after graduation in install-
ments over a period of years. A long-
term loan may not exceed $500.
Scholarships
Undergraduate scholarships range from
$100 up per year. Scholarship ability,
character and financial need are the three
basic criteria for awarding scholarships.
Similar to loans, scholarships are
awarded mostly to upperclassmen. How-
ever, a few scholarships are available to
high school graduates, obtainable prior
to entering the University. The follow-
ing is a partial list of scholarships avail-
able to students in the College of Agri-
culture.
The J. B. Adkins Memorial Scholar-
ship. The All-Bound Box Institute has
set up a scholarship in memory of the
late J. B. Adkins, commemorating his
many years of outstanding work in behalf
of the wirebound box industry in the
Southeastern Area of the United States.
The scholarship amounts to $400 per
year.
First priority will be given to a student
majoring in forestry; second priority to
students in other branches of agriculture.
The student must have been registered at
the University of Florida at least one


year and demonstrated ability to do col-
lege work and show evidence of need
to be eligible. He must maintain a C
average for the scholarship to be con-
tinued. Application should be made to
the Chairman, Committee on Student
Aid, Dean of Men's Office, University of
Florida, Gainesville.
Borden Agricultural Scholarship. A
scholarship amounting to $300 per year
has been made available by the Borden
Company Foundation, Inc. This schol-
arship is available to the eligible senior
student in agriculture who has achieved
the highest average grade in all college
work preceding the senior year. To be
eligible, students must have included in
their curricula two or more dairy sub-
jects.
County Agricultural Scholarships. Pro-
vision has been made by a legislative act
for a scholarship from each county-to
be offered and provided for at the dis-
cretion of the Board of County Commis-
sioners of each county. The recipient is
to be selected by a competitive examina-
tion under rules and authority prescribed
by the respective County Board of Com-
missioners. The act authorized that the
value of each scholarship is a sum suffi-
cient to pay for board in the dining hall
and room in the dormitory. Whether such
a scholarship has been provided for by
any county may be learned from the
Clerk of your Board of County Com-
missioners or your County Agent.
The John T. Creighton Scholarship.
The Orkin Exterminating Company, Inc.,
has provided for a $300 scholarship in
honor of Dr. John T. Creighton, to be
awarded annually to a junior or senior
student majoring in entomology. The
award will be based upon professional
promise, scholastic record, and financial
need.
J. Lawrence Edwards Scholarship. The
Dade County Florida Boys 4-H Club
Leaders Association has provided for a
$100 scholarship as a memorial to J.
Lawrence Edwards to be awarded an-
nually to a Dade County 4-H Club boy
who is planning to enter the College of
Agriculture at the University of Florida.
Farm Bureau Winn-Dixie Scholar-
ships. Two $1,000 scholarships, one to
a boy and one to a girl freshman student


STUDENT AID


Through Employment


Loans and Scholarships


who is the son or daughter of an active
member of the Florida Farm Bureau,
are awarded each year. The student may
enter the university of his or her choice.
Application should be made to local
Farm Bureau agent.
Florida Bankers Association Scholar-
ships. The Florida Bankers Association
awards ten $100 freshman scholarships
annually, five to 4-H Club boys and five
to F.F.A. boys, on the basis of a com-
petitive examination. Further informa-
tion concerning these scholarships may
be obtained through the student's local
4-H Club or F.F.A. Chapter.
Kroger Scholarships. Two $200 schol-
arships are offered by the Wesco Foods
Company and are awarded annually to
outstanding junior agricultural students.
Application for these scholarships should
be made to the Dean of the College
of Agriculture, University of Florida,
Gainesville.
Ralston-Purina Scholarships. The Ral-
ston-Purina Company awards an annual
$500 scholarship to an outstanding sen-
ior student in animal science. The award
is based upon professional promise, scho-
lastic record, and financial need.
J. W. Schippmann Scholarships. The
Florida Ford Tractor Company of Jack-
sonville, through the J. W. Schippmann
Foundation, has made available two
scholarships for senior students in the
amount of $500 and $300 each. These
scholarships are to be awarded annually
to students registered in Agricultural En-
gineering. The recipients will be selected
by an agricultural engineering faculty
committee in cooperation with the Com-
mittee on Student Aid, Scholarships and
Awards.
Sears-Roebuck Scholarship. The Sears-
Roebuck Foundation has given funds to
the University of Florida for the estab-
lishment of a number of scholarships in
the amount of $100 to $150 annually to
first-year students particularly interested
in agricultural activities. At the end of
each year, the Sears-Roebuck Founda-
tion awards a scholarship in the amount
of $250 to the outstanding freshman in
the Sears-Roebuck Scholarship group, the
money to be made available for his soph-
omore year.
Southern Dolomite Boys 4-H Club
Scholarship. The Southern Dolomite
Company makes an annual award of
$800 at $200 per year for four academic
years, or $750 at $250 per year for three
calendar years, including academic and
summer school. This award is made to a
4-H Club member annually and the re-
cipient will have the choice of taking it
for the academic or for the calendar
year.
State Commissioner of Agriculture
Scholarships. Four of these Scholarships
are awarded to agricultural students an-
nually and carry a stipend of $100 each,
(Continued on Page 10)
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER






















~.4.1
saal-m?. .* '" -'
5- ;
:X 3ld ^* .* "i^A ;.;. 'i>.I .!,.*.**-"*i,


Actual photo showing
acres each tractor plowed
on 20 gallons of fuel. DYNAMIC D-17


with the BIG STICK

leads in 3-tractor test


Photo of D-17 Tractor in
dry, hard-plowing, heavy
soil of test field.


Listen I National Farm
and Home Hour
Every Saturday-NBC


Make the BIG MOVE to More Profit!


ALLIS-CHALMERS 4
TRACTION BOOSTER is an Allis-Chalmers trademark
SPRING, 1959


Which one of today's big tractors leads
in cost-saving performance? Unmistak-
ably, it's the Allis-Chalmers Dynamic
D-17 with the BIG STICK.
Here in tough fall plowing, three new
owner-driven tractors competed in a
practical plowing test. Side by side,
they matched power, traction, and econ-
omy in rugged going.
Each tractor started with exactly 20
gallons of regular gasoline from the
same tank truck. Each pulled four 14-
inch plow bottoms at the same average
depth and speed-until its fuel was
gone.
The airplane photo above clearly
shows the outcome.
How can the Allis-Chalmers Dynamic
D-17 more than match the heavier
tractors?
The automatic TRACTION BOOSTER
system teamed with the BIG STICK
-the exclusive Allis-Chalmers Power
Director-does it. On Allis-Chalmers
tractors, weight for traction is pro-
vided hydraulically, not with hun-
dreds of built-in extra pounds that
waste fuel.
ALUS-CHALMERS, FARM EQUIPMENT DIVISION
MILWAUKEE I, WISCONSIN









Scholarships -
(Continued from Page 8)
as follows:
One to the 4-H Club boy who has con-
ducted the best poultry project dur-
ing the year.
One to the 4-H Club boy who has con-
ducted the best cattle project during
the year.
One to the outstanding Future Farmer
exhibitor of livestock at the South-
eastern Fat Stock Show.
One to the outstanding Future Farmer
exhibitor of livestock at the Quincy
Livestock Show.


More Than Two Jobs
(Continued from Page 6)
When one considers all the machinery,
equipment, supplies, materials, and serv-
ices a farmer buys and the crops and
livestock that must be moved, processed
and sold, he begins to understand the im-
mense size of the industrial and business
side of agriculture.
One of the most important phases of
agricultural endeavor is research. The re-
search worker starts every new develop-
ment in agriculture. Research in the


breeding, feeding, and management of
livestock and poultry reduces labor and
increases income on the farm.
One of the most important jobs in ag-
riculture is on the farm. It's a job that
demands skill, energy, and ambition.
Farmers with a college education quickly
put ideas into use. Knowledge of chemis-
try, engineering, entomology, plant and
animal physiology, economics, and sim-
ilar subjects helps.
Good salaries and allowances attract
many technical agricultural specialists in-
to agricultural services with our govern-
ment, foreign governments, private foun-
dations, and industry. Farm management
services grow in importance each year.
Veterinarians and veterinary scientists
play an important role in agricultural
services. Agriculture uses many services,
and one will find plenty of opportunities.
Generally speaking, those persons in-
terested in agricultural education will
find jobs in one of three fields; vocational
agricultural education. Teaching others
the know-how, the know-why, and the
know-where of agriculture is a very re-
warding profession.
There are many other opportunities in
the agricultural field. In fact about 40
percent of all jobs are in agriculture ...
jobs important to everyone, jobs with fu-
tures, jobs with financial and personal re-
wards.


Now Serving our Third Generation...


Rush Tractor


Company



ALLIS-CHALMERS

NEW HOLLAND

NEW IDEA

Farm Equipment


Stengle Field N. Magnolia
Gainesville Ocala


FLORIDA
AGR CULT
SUPPLY CC


Before the turn of the century, WT
representatives were working hand-in-hand
with Florida growers to achieve success.
SThrough the years, we have kept on the
move with science, always formulating the
newest, proven advances into Ideal
Fertilizers and FASCO Pesticides.
So, when you complete your training
and enter Florida's great field of agriculture,
you'll find science's best at your service
under the Ideal and FASCO labels.



JRWALSON <OOMER
FERTILIZER COMPANY
Plants in Jacksonville, Tampa, Cottondale, Port Everglades
GENERAL OFFICES JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA
JRAL


MANYY


THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


-~ C~I ~ uu~i-1 CI








Mechanized Ag -
(Continued from Page 5)

the individual. This curriculum is alto-
gether within the College of Agriculture.
The other program, for the degree
Bachelor of Agricultural Engineering, is
for those students interested in such work
as design, development, research or other
activity related to farm tractors, field
machines, farm structures, soil and wa-
ter conservation engineering including ir-
rigation and drainage, in which engineer-
ing service is required for agricultural
jobs. Because of its nature, this program
is administered jointly by the College of
Agriculture and the College of Engineer-
ing. Students register in the College of
Engineering and receive their degrees
from that college. This program includes
essentially the same preparation in math-
ematics, physics, and basic engineering
sciences as required for other engineers,
and includes a number of courses in ag-
riculture, agricultural engineering, and
other subjects necessary to complete a
well rounded educational program.
Excellent positions at good salaries are
open to graduates from both programs in
Florida, other states, and in foreign coun-
tries. There is a difference between the
opportunities, depending on the particu-
lar program completed. In general, how-


ever, these opportunities include assign-
ments in production, sales promotion,
management, education, research, prod-
uct development, design, and manage-
ment with a variety of agencies.
Commercial employers include farm
equipment manufacturers, specialized
manufacturers of field, farmstead and
household equipment, producers of elec-
trical, mechanical and structural compo-
nent parts and basic component materials
having agricultural application, electric
service companies, distributors and deal-
ers of farm equipment and supplies, trade
associations, specialized producers and
processors, publishers, advertising agen-
cies, consulting engineers, and engineer-
ing and management services for farm-
ers.
In public service, these men serve on
the staffs of state agricultural colleges and
universities and their closely-allied exper-
iment stations, and in governmental de-
partments and agencies. Among govern-
ment agencies, the U. S. Department of
Agriculture is the largest single employer.
The Soil Conservation Service, Agricultur-
al Research Service, Agricultural Market-
ing Service, Department of the Interior,
Department of Defense, and other federal
activities make use of these skilled indi-
viduals. Individual states employ agricul-
tural engineers, many of them serving
agricultural engineering departments of


state colleges, universities, experiment
stations and extension services. Other
agencies include those concerned with
natural resources, rural sanitation, pollu-
tion control, soil conservation, and agri-
culture. Cities, counties and special dis-
tricts, organized to solve problems of
drainage, irrigation, public power, and
soil conservation, also use agricultural
engineers.
Demand for graduates has grown rap-
idly in the last few years. There are more
than three times as many new opportun-
ities each year as there are graduates
available.

Keep Smiling. It makes everybody
wonder what you've been up to.



Robertson Jewelers

Registered Jeweler

of th

American gem Society

211 W. UNIVERSITY AVENUE


KIMBERCHIKS


VANTRESS CROSS


PARMENTER REDS


NEW HAMPSHIRE REDS


hatched 10 minutes from the


airport"


MIAMI INTERNATIONAL HATCHERIES, INC.


P. 0. Box 48- 1005

Miami 48, Florida


SPRING, 1959 1


"Chicks












Agri



asV II 1EWS


American Society
of Agronomy

A recent highlight event for members
of the American Society of Agronomy
was the lecture given January 13 by Mr.
W. A. Lyerly, Jr., and Mr. Philip Stan-
derman of the American Agricultural
Chemical Co., Pierce, Florida. They dis-
cussed the scope and job opportunities in
the fertilizer industry, including the as-
pects and requirements of a successful
salesman, and the future outlook for the
fertilizer industry as a whole. After the
formal lecture, the guests held an infor-
mal question and answer period which
was very helpful from the standpoint of
answering questions relative to pertinent
problems facing graduating agronomy
and soils students. Some of the topics
discussed were the various types of jobs
available with fertilizer plants, the salary
range for graduating students, the role
played by the fertilizer company in direct
assistance to farmers, and a few others.
ASA President Mike Shalloway recent-
ly resigned from his office to devote more
time to his studies. Shalloway will gradu-
ate this June. The newly elected president
is Wayne Smith, former vice president
and a junior from Marianna.
All members are active in planning
and making preparations for the coming
Agriculture Fair. We expect that this fair
will be bigger and better than any previ-
ous.
The students in ASA extend special
congratulations to Dr. P. H. Senn, Head
of the Department of Agronomy, on his
recent election to the office of President
of the Florida Soil and Crop Science So-
ciety of Florida. Mr. J. R. Henderson,
Agronomy Extension Specialist, is Vice
President. (Benedict Burger)

Newell Entomological
Society

Newell Entomological Society, com-
posed of students and faculty in Entomol-
ogy, meets twice monthly. At the first
meeting of each month we have had very
interesting speakers from the Department
of Biology and the Department of Ento-
mology.
In the fall, Mr. Dempsey Sapp of the
12


Florida Pest Control and Chemical Com-
pany spoke to the group on job oppor-
tunities in structural pest control. In De-
cember, Dr. James Layne of the Biology
Department told of his recent trip to the
Amazon. His speech was on "The Fresh-
water Dolphin of the Amazon." Mr. Lee
Jenkins of the Entomology Department
of the University of Missouri showed a
movie "Insect Predators and Parasites"
at the February meeting.
The second meeting of the month is
for club business and work projects.
N.E.S. participated in the annual Turkey
Shoot and won the trophy for the high
scorer in the club division.
Plans are now being made for an ex-
hibit at the Agricultural Fair. The exhibit
shows the many problems presented by
insects and how man is affected by them.
(Jack Lee)
Future Farmers
of America

The collegiate chapter elected officers
at its first meeting of the semester. Bill
Humphreys was chosen to lead the chap-
ter as President. The other officers are:
Happy Roche, Vice President; Charles
Saunders, Secretary; Al Rice, Treasurer;
Ronnie Jeffries, Reporter and Lonnie
Davis, Sentinel.
Again this year the collegiate chapter
assisted with FFA Day at the Florida
State Fair. We assisted in registration of
judging teams and handling the livestock
judging contest. The following members
participated in FFA Day: Bill Humph-
reys, Ronnie Jeffries, Happy Roche, Jim
Strickland, Charles Saunders, Bill Prinz,
Lonnie Davis, Alfred Dorsett, Allen
Poole, Richard Kelly, Thomas Bendin-
berg, Hilton Meadows and Windell
Grace.
Plans are now well underway on the
FFA exhibit in the 1959 Agricultural
Fair. The committee, under the chair-
manship of Allen Poole, is doing a fine
job in making plans for a very attractive
and meaningful exhibit. Assisting on the
committee are Ken Trammel, Charles
Saunders and Jim Ward.
Plans are also under way for the an-
nual collegiate chapter banquet held ev-
ery year during the spring semester.
(Ronnie Jeffries)


Dairy Science Club

The Dairy Science Club has been
working toward the completion of two
of the goals set for this year.
The annual conference, headed by
Frankie (Mrs. A. L.) Hammond, has in-
vestigated the cost involved, made pic-
tures and planned the sections of the
forthcoming annual yearbook. This will
be the first yearbook put out by the Dairy
Science Club, and the members are quite
enthusiastic about it. The yearbook will
be entitled "The U. of F. Milkpail."
The Ag Fair Committee is working on
plans for the forthcoming event. The
plans call for a Jersey cow to be featured
in the exhibit.
On February 18, the club witnessed
the presentation of awards to two out-
standing students in the Dairy Science
Department. Paul Joyal received the
Borden Award, and Eddie Register re-
ceived the Virginia Dare Award.
On March 4, Dr. Arrington, nutri-
tionist, showed the club slides he made
while on a government mission in Ethi-
opia. He commented on the agriculture
of the country and the political and so-
cial mores of the Ethiopians.
The club is planning a field trip for
Saturday, March 7. The members will
visit several outstanding dairy establish-
ments and observe their practices. They
will visit one producer, one distributor,
and one producer-distributor. Dr. Sid-
ney Marshall, faculty adviser, will ac-
company the group. (Erny Sellers)

Agricultural Economics
Club

The Agricultural Economics Club has
regularly scheduled meetings at 7:15
p.m. the first and third Thursdays of each
month in 160 McCarty Hall. Guest
speakers have included department head
Dr. H. G. Hamilton, as well as Dr. Ed-
win Cake and Dr. C. F. Sarle of this de-
partment, and Mr. Maurice Mayberry of
the University Placement Service.
Our semi-annual student-faculty bar-b-
que was at Dr. Hamilton's lakefront cot-
tage. The attendance was excellent and
all had a fine time.
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER








This semester will be a busy one for
the club members. Plans are being laid
for the annual Ag Fair which we hope
will be the biggest and best ever. We also
will have our annual banquet later in the
semester.
Newly elected officers for the coming
semester are: President, Leo Nordman;
Vice President, Terry McDavid; Secre-
tary-Treasurer, Pal Brooks; and Reporter,
Tommy Lawrence. (Leo Nordman)

Alpha Zeta

Like many other professions, agricul-
ture has an honorary scholastic and lead-
ership fraternity. For agriculture it is
Alpha Zeta. Alpha Zeta is a national
fraternity with fifty chapters throughout
the United States. Our chapter, called
Florida Chaper, was founded in April,
1922.
The fraternity was established to rec-
ognize the actual and potential leader-
ship in the field of agriculture by encour-
aging and developing those qualities of
high scholarship, fine fellowship, and
sound character which are the vital quali-
ties of real leadership.
Any male at the University of Florida
may be tapped for membership provided:
(1) that he is pursuing a four year course
leading to a degree in agriculture, (2)
that he has completed at least one and
one-half academic years, of which nine
hours are in agricultural subjects, (3)
that the average of his grades for this
period shall place him in the upper two-
fifths of his class, and (4) that he shall
be of good character and shall have dem-
onstrated qualities of leadership.
Our chapter meets twice a month on
the first and third Tuesdays of the month.
At that time we have a business meeting
and discuss current business matters. We
usually have a guest speaker who talks
on some phase of our present-day agri-
culture.
The fraternity is also engaged in sev-
eral service projects. At present we are
working on a brochure which is designed
primarily to publicize our College of Ag-
riculture at the U. of F. This publication
will consist of articles composed by each
department in the college. The purpose
of the brochure is to promote our agri-
cultural facilities and relate the oppor-
tunities that are obtainable in this fast
growing field. The brochure will be sent
to high school students, 4-H and F.F.A.
members, Vo-Ag teachers, and various
libraries throughout the state. This, we
hope, will help to increase our enrollment
in the College of Agriculture and in turn
help to establish a firm and prosperous
agriculture in our state.
Each semester a group of selected
members is initiated in Alpha Zeta. Either
a banquet or barbecue is given in honor
of our new members. At our coming
spring banquet an award will be given to
SPRING, 1959


)ALPHA ZETA INITIATES-Front Row (left to right): Raul Munoz; Virgilio Romero; James Roach;
David Kidl, Pledgemaster. Second row: Larmar Bell; Carroll Hawkins; Roderic Magie. Back Row:
Arlon Buchanan; Irving Roche; Ben Whitty; Eddie Register; Elwyn Spencer. Absent from picture:
David Austin and Bobby Dancy.


an outstanding professor in the College
of Agriculture. Last year this award went
to Dr. John Owen from the Plant Path-
ology Department. This award is pre-
sented by Alpha Zeta and the name of
the recipient is inscribed on a plaque
which is placed in Dan McCarty Hall.
Members of Alpha Zeta have many
opportunities to meet leaders in agricul-
ture. Many of our leaders in extension,
research, and education are Alpha Zeta
members and association with them is a
means of improving our "agricultural
family" in the college.
It is an honor to belong to Alpha Zeta
and help promote its objectives. It helps
to attain higher degrees of leadership,
character, and fellowship. (Paul Joyal)

Poultry Science
Club Activities
The Poultry Science Club, which meets
each 2nd and 4th Thursday at the Poul-
try Laboratory on Radio Road, has been
enjoying numerous activities this semes-
ter, and has many entertaining events
scheduled for the remainder of the se-
mester.
Planning for the exhibit to be present-
ed in the Ag Fair consumed a majority
of the club's work during the first half
of the semester. The exhibit will be cen-
tered around a small pen of live laying
hens, and features the production of eggs
for hatching use and table use. Extend-
ing to the hatching portion of the exhibit
the eggs leave the hens and are placed
in a small glass incubator in which the
hatching of chicks is visible. Projected
above the incubator are slides showing


the various stages of embryonic growth
of the fertile egg. As the eggs proceed
to the "table use" side of the exhibit, the
fair visitors will be able to witness the
extent to which commercial egg process-
ing is reaching a state of very near com-
plete automaton. The eggs are cleaned,
candled, and graded according to size by
various types of equipment which require
a minimum amount of man-labor to op-
erate. In the background will be signs
depicting the opportunities available in
the industry, and types of management
practices applied in the production of
eggs.
The meetings of the club have fea-
tured films dealing with new and out-
standing developments in the poultry
industry, as well as ideas which are an-
ticipated to be introduced in the near
future. Furnished by commercial com-
panies, the films are in color, informa-
tive, and entertaining. Refreshments, of
course, are a constant item at all poultry
club meetings.
The club is not restricted to poultry
majors, but is open to all who have an
interest in the field of poultry husbandry.
Primary events scheduled for the re-
mainder of the semester include a Spring
banquet held jointly with the Poultry
Husbandry Department Staff, and the
preparation of barbeques for interested
organizations.
Officers of the club this semester are:
Bernard Lester, President; Bill Nelson,
Vice President; and Katherine Landry,
Secretary Treasurer. Professor N. R.
Mehrhof serves as advisor to the club.
(Bernard Lester)













































"PROBLEMS IN HUMAN WANTS" THEME OF 1959 AGRICULTURAL FAIR
)AG FAIR HELD MARCH 20-22-"Problems in Human Wants" was the theme of the 1959 Agriculture College Fair.
The annual event featured exhibits and demonstrations by clubs and departments of the University of Florida College of
Agriculture. A complete story of the fair will be in the next issue.


Block and Bridle

The royal purple and navy blue rib-
bons attached to the miniature block and
bridles at last are folded up and put away
as new members saddle up for a college
career in the Block and Bridle Club.
The Ag Fair in March includes an
elaborate club display based on meats
and meat products. For the first time,
actual live animals can be used; so we are
really going "all out" this year.
April is cram packed with activities,
starting with the annual four-day field
trip beginning on the second during
which members will visit livestock op-
erations as far south as Lake Okeecho-
bee.
The club sponsored judging contest
will be held April 10 and 11 in which
any ag student may compete for prizes.
The top 4-H Club teams in the state also
will compete.
On the night of April 15, the Breed-
er's Banquet will kick off the 1959 Beef
Cattle Short Course for producers in the
state. Attending will be some of the lead-
14


ing livestock men in the nation. Be sure
to mark your calendar for this big event;
it's too good to miss. (Mike Shalloway)

Alpha Tau Alpha

The National Professional Honorary
Agricultural Education Fraternity (Al-
pha Tau Alpha, Epsilon Chapter) held
an election for new officers February 10,
1959. The new officers which were elect-
ed are: President, Richard Kelly; Vice
President, James Strickland, Jr.; Secre-
tary, S. Allen Poole, Jr.; and Treasurer,
William Prinz.
The ATA's main purpose is to promote
the highest ideals and standards of agri-
cultural education and to have a more
intimate acquaintance and closer relation-
ship with men who have chosen the pro-
fession of teaching agriculture. This, and
three other main objectives: (1) to de-
velop a true professional spirit in the
teaching of agriculture; (2) to help train
teachers of agriculture, who shall be rural
leaders in their communities; and (3) to
foster a fraternal spirit among students
in teacher training for vocational agricul-


ture, will help those who have chosen the
vocation of agriculture to be more suc-
cessful and happier in their profession.
The ATA fraternity is sponsoring the
Agricultural Fair Queen Contest and is
working in conjunction with the FFA
club in hopes of putting on a good dis-
play at the Ag Fair.
As the new officers and members of
the Alpha Tau Alpha fraternity begin the
Spring semester of 1959, a renewed in-
terest in encouraging enrollment of
worthy young men into Agricultural Edu-
cation is underway. (Allen Poole)

Xi Sigma Pi

Recognizing outstanding scholarship
among the students in the School of For-
estry is one of the principal functions of
the University of Florida Chapter of Xi
Sigma Pi, national forestry honor fra-
ternity.
New members are selected on the basis
of scholarly attainment and demonstrated
qualities of leadership, character, ability,
and initiative. However, selection to mem-
bership is not considered so much as a
reward for outstanding work, but as a
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


I







challenge to greater and more significant
effort in the remaining school years and
in professional endeavors that follow.
The local chapter also promotes schol-
arship through an annual award, known
as the Tau Alpha Nu Award, to the out-
standing student entering the School of
Forestry from the two year university
program.
Xi Sigma Pi was originally established
at the University of Washington in 1908
and remained a local honor society until
1915. At this time a new constitution
was adopted and plans were made for
making it a national honor fraternity.
The objectives, as stated in the new con-
stitution, are to secure and maintain a
high standard of scholarship in forestry
education, to work for the upbuilding of
forestry, and to promote fraternal rela-
tions among earnest workers engaged in
forestry activities.
From the original Alpha chapter at
the University of Washington, the fra-
ternity has grown until at present there
are 19 active and 1 inactive chapters
scattered throughout the United States.
Pi Chapter at the University of Florida
was brought under the national organiza-
tion in 1948, having existed as a local
forestry honorary, Tau Alpha Nu, for
five years prior to this time. Membership
includes active, alumni, associate, and
honorary members. Total national mem-
bership in 1958 was about 5,500.
The fraternity stands for honorable
scholarship and all members, both indi-
vidually and collectively, promote for-
estry activities by taking part in projects
of the forestry club and various other
chapter and school projects. These proj-
ects include participation in the annual
Agricultural Fair which is sponsored by
the Agricultural Council of the College
of Agriculture and the chapter always
participates in the annual Forestry Field
Day. A fishing rodeo is held annually
with the winner having his name en-
graved upon a plaque which is on per-
manent display in the School of Forestry.


Thyrsus

Thyrsus members have now returned
from their New York field trip and are
pleased with the educational values that
are obtained on such a trip. It is the
general consensus of opinion that much
has been learned about our professional
interests that could never be obtained
from a textbook.
The club is now working toward Ag
Fair. We are working very hard to have
the club well represented again this year
as in the past.
Club officers for the coming year are:
President, Harold Stephens; Vice Presi-
dent, LeVerne Terry; Secretary, Inez
Hare; and Treasurer, Ed Ayers.
(Harold Stephens)
SPRING, 1959


Use BRAHMANS for Beef


Heart Bar Ranch

Kissimmee, Florida Phone TIlden 6-5603
'S I !f- ** ^ip av.aa ** ^-'-. -. "- Ts~fi /. .^. .. .... a



DEMAND THE BEST

and you'll get

FLORIDA FAVORITE
FERTILIZER!
Even though it costs no more, FLORIDA FAVO-
RITE FERTILIZER gives you so much more .
more productive yield from your pastures and crops
... more profits for you!
FLORIDA FAVORITE FERTILIZER's on-the-spot
delivery, coordinated with faster-spreading require-
ments, save you time and money! Reap rich awards
with FLORIDA FAVORITE FERTILIZER!
COMPLETE FIELD SERVICE
CITRUS GROVES
FIELD CROPS
PASTURE GRASS
TRUCK FARMS
Write For Full E
Information L"








Phone MUtual 2-1291 P. 0. Box 912 LAKELAND, FLORIDA


















FERTILIZERS AND INSECTICIDES THAT ARE SUPERIOR
Factories and Offices: TAMPA and FORT PIERCE, FLORIDA


Glenn W. Rodes, Owner Phone: Marion 2-6670
Breeders, Hatchers, Growers, Processors, and Shippers of

BROAD BREASTED BELTSVILLE and BRONZE

DD BRAND TURKEYS

WE SHIP TO ALL MARKETS-COAST TO COAST

DOUBLE "D" RANCH
Rt. 1, Box 265 Ocala, Florida
GROWN IN THE KINGDOM OF THE SUN



S4 C/017PLETE 2-RT SERVICE
ZINC ETCHINGS
COPPER HALFTONES
8 COLOR PLATES


36 ::.:.:
SOUTH :
MAIN
PHONE
EL 6-4831 JACKSOnVILLE, FLR.


SOUTHERN DOLOMITE



PALMETTO, FLORIDA


Jack





Insecticides
Need Killers John Bean Sprayers

SOUTHERN

MILL CREEK PRODUCTS CO.
P. O. BOX 4297
TAMPA 7, FLORIDA
Offices in
sonville Orlando Mi


ami


THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


INDEX TO
ADVERTISERS
Allis-Chalmers 9
Baird Hardware 1
Circle D Ranch 16
Deere and Co. Inside Cover
Double D Ranch 16
Florida Favorite Fertilizer 15
Florida State Hatcheries, Inc. 17
Florida State Theatres 10
Heart Bar Ranch IS
Hector Supply 7
International Harvester Back Cover
Lyons Fertilizer Co. 10
Miami International Hatcheries, Inc. ....................... 11
Oak Crest Hatcheries 3
Respess Grimes 16
Robinsons Jewelry 11
Rush Tractor Co. 10
Southern Dolomite 16
Southern Mill Creek Products 16
Superior Fertilizer Co. 16
Wilson and Toomer 10

Prof.: "What three words, Jones, are
used most by college Students?"
Jones: "I don't know."
Prof.: "Correct."


Hampshires
Breeding stock of all ages available
weaned pigs Prompt
bred gilts Export
open gilts
boars Orders

CIRCLE D RANCH
Rt. 2, Box 1000, Marianna, Fla.
Phone Cottondale 2461


V






KIMBERCHIKS
for top egg production

VANTRESS CROSS
for quality broilers

PARMENTER and
NEW HAMPSHIRE REDS

BELTSVIITE and
BRONZE POULTS

ORDER NOW
from

FLORIDA STATE
HATCHERIES, INC.
P. 0. BOX 666 GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA


PHONE FRANKLIN 2-0468








- ----.- -n -
Y----_
_ __ r ----. ----.


pE
UI


Step into a
NEW WORLD
OF POWER


New International 340 Utility tractor equipped with new 3-po:nt
Fast-Hitch. You can get both Farmall and International 240 and 340 tractors
with your choice of 2 or 3-point Fast-Hitch, and many other options.



NOW, faster 3-point hitching


...from the seat!


Q~- -- -;~
Y1~j~7C
A "


'5'


9k


.-I. Ipota,
W"


-... "~ ... -.


GET YOUR HANDY
PERFORMANCE CALCULATOR
Just move the dial on this pocket-size
calculator to match tractor speed with
implement width-then read off daily
plowing, mowing, or harvesting capac-
ity. You get the right answer fast...
without figuring! Use this handy cal-
culator to see how much more you can
get done in a day with the greater
power and extra job-matched speeds
of new IH tractors. Get this handy
calculator from your IH dealer!


i







I


Now, IH gives you faster, easier
3-point hitching with automatic
latches on all three links. And you do
better work than ever with any of
your 3-point tools!
As with famous IH 2-point Fast-
Hitch, you get up-and-down and
side-to-side "float." Even wide im-
plements work at uniform depth.
Hinged lower draft links assure faster
penetration-prevent shallow-out
when crossing ridges.
You just set the handy Traction-


Try new IH 3-point Fast-Hitch!
H it h it h ^., i4- ,' ,1 .,l t


trol lever to add up to a half ton
eight to tractor drive wheels.
Tel-A-Depth gives you easy,
ise implement control.
his new 3-point Fast-Hitch-for
nall and International 240 and
tractors-mounts most 3-point
s of other makes. For superior
k, select 3-point implements from
complete new line of McCormick
mint equipment. These tools fit
;tically all 2 and 3-plow, 3-point-
h tractors.

3-point tools! Check the full
I f MC A IT3 1`i *111 Z V


c or sw c mplemenll ne o new c orm -ponII
from the tractor seat. Do implements. Just call your
better work than ever before IH dealer for a field trial. Set
-even with your present a demonstration date today!

H SEE YOUR
INTERNATIONAL HARVESTER DEALER
International Harvester Products pay for themselves in use-Form Tractors and Equipment... Twine... Commercial
Wheel Tractors... Motor Trucks... Construction Equipment-General Office, Chicago 1, Illinois




University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs