Title: Florida college farmer
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075980/00053
 Material Information
Title: Florida college farmer
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30cm.
Language: English
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Gainesville
 Subjects
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Apr. 1930)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1960?
Numbering Peculiarities: Suspended with v. 3, no. 5 (May 1932) and resumed with Dec. 1935 issue. Suspended with v. 9, no. 4 (may 1941) and resumed with New series v. 1 (summer 1948).
General Note: Published by Agricultural students at the University of Fla.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075980
Volume ID: VID00053
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01569450
lccn - 55047167

Full Text




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the florida


college


farmer


VOLUME 10 NUMBER 1 NOVEMBER, 1958


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M XfPt 17M- IL 0 7 1






A Thanksgiving Soliloquy


"I've heard it said the norld's a dismal place.
But I kno better ...
for I ha e seen the dawn. and walked in the
splendor of a morning s sun blinked at the brilliance
of rihe dew, and beheld the gold and crimson
Sof an autumn landscape.

"I've heard it said the %orld is sad.
I can't agree...
for I ha\e heard the cheerful songs
oft gathered mars heard the lo. laughter
of the Ita\es, and the everlasting chuckle
,ofa mounrain brook.

"I've heard it said the norld's a must)y, sordid thing.
It can't be true...
for I ha\e seen the rain ... matched it bathe
thle earth, the er air and I have seen the sky,
ne l\ scrubbed and spotless, blue from end to end...
arnd I e %,.arched the Winter's sno% drape tree and bush,
to look like Nature's freshly laundered linen hung to dry.

"I'e ekern heard it said the norld is eil.
But the) are %Nrong ...
for I haje knoan its people...watched them die
to sa'e a freedom, bleed to sase a Ile ... spend of themselves
to stem disaster. of their vealth to ease distress.. and
I ha\e %arched them lise. love,. and labor... watched them
hope. dream, and pra), side by side.

"I ha'e heard them say these things.
But I would dJasgree..
because, for ever) shadown. I have seen a hundred rays
ot light .. for eer) plaintile note. I se heard a
smphonr of jo) .. for eer) pennyveight of bad. I ha\e
found a raon of good ... g ood in Nature, in People,
in the World.
And I'm thankful I belong."






.Copright. ]ol Deeret. 15:i


JOHN DEERE MOLIN E ILLINOIS Quality Farm Equipment Since 1837








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the florida

college farmer


Volume 10, Number 1


November, 1958


This Issue
Homecoming ...--... -....----..-.... 2
Forty Years of Service .---- 3
A Teaching Program for Florida Agriculture ..-.... 4
College Knowledge Goes to Work 5
Careers In Our New Agriculture .. 6
What Is A Land Grant Institution 7
Poultry Training Pays Off -... 10
Radiation Experiment Unit Installation
Made at U of F --------....~............... .........-- 11
Promoting Florida Eggs --...... ....- ....... .........-- 12
Foreign Students Attend Ag School ...---...........- 12
Agricultural Economist
Awarded Honorary Degree .. 13
Ag News and Views --..--.......-. 16
COVER STORY
See FORTY YEARS OF SERVICE page 5

Editor ..-...-.........-------....---.---Mike Shalloway
Managing Editor ..-.....-.....-----...... ..- Terry McDavid
Editorial Assistant ...... ---------.......-.......- Wayne Smith
Business Manager .... ...- Phil Armstrong
Circulation Manager Richard Kelly
Circulation Assistant Harold Stephens
Faculty Advisory Committee
Chairman, Prof. J. R. Greenman
Dr. Earl G. Rodgers, Dr. Ralph Eastwood

* Note of Appreciation
The Staff of the FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER wishes to ex-
press its appreciation ,to all those who helped publish this
issue and in particular to J. Francis Cooper, Margaret
Saturn and Jack McAllister.

YOUR MAGAZINE:
The FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER is the student
publication from the College of Agriculture of the Univer-
sity of Florida. It is compiled, edited, and distributed by
students of this college. It is the privilege of any ag, stu-
dent to use this publication as a memium of expression. It
is the voice of the Florida Agricultural student.
Reissue of permit to enter as second class mailing matter at the
Port Office at University Station, Gainesville, Florida, December 8,
1938, under an Act of Congress of 1879 has been applied for
Tw-nty-five cents per copy, dollar a year. Published four times dur-
ing the year: November, January, March, and May. Address all cor-
res ondence to Florida College Farmer, Dan McCarty Hall, Gaines-
vill Florida.
PRINTED BY CONVENTION PRESS, JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
NOVEMBER, 1958


IE ID II ITO IR A IL

THIS ISSUE marks a new beginning for the Florida Col-
lege Farmer. You may be aquainted with the "Far-
mer" already, or may be reading it for the first time.
In any case we'd like to welcome you and mention a
little about our publication.

The Florida College Farmer is a magazine pub-
lished by students of the College of Agriculture. Sup-
ported entirely by advertising and subscription sales,
it is printed in November, January, March and May.

The purpose of the "Farmer" is to give the stu-
dents in the College of Agriculture a chance to ex-
press their views to fellow students, alumni, potential
Ag College students, businessmen and interested read-
ers in the state as well as all over the country and
South America. We are proud to say our publication
is read by many of our South American neighbors.

The "Farmer" proposes to serve its readers by
personal stories, articles about the College of Agricul-
ture, opportunities and events in Agriculture and
other types of coverage designed to show the vast
potential in this field.

Briefly, this is our purpose and scope. We hope
you will enjoy the Florida College Farmer. Any sug-
gestions which you, the reader, may have will be sin-
cerely welcomed by our staff.



Jttend


AG BARoB QUE

Livestock Pavilion

6:00 P.M. OCTOBER 28, 1958

Ag Frosh Free Others $1













IHIOMIE COMIC NG











THE COILEGE OF AGRICULTURE featured the role of nuclear energy in Agri-

culture at the Homecoming display this fall. The central part of the display

was a model of the recently installed cobalt-Go irradiator facility (see arti-

cle in this issue) of the Agricultural Experiment Station. The display

showed how various departments in the College of Agriculture and the

Agricultural Experiment Station are using this irradiation unit in their

teaching and research programs. The Botany Department showed how the

gamma rays from the cobalt-6o influence plant growth. The Food Tech-

nology Department demonstrated the usefulness of gamma rays in steriliz-

ing foods. The production of mutants may be very valuable in producing

new and ornamental plants for future use in Florida Agriculture.


Several other interesting uses of the irradiation unit were shown. The

eradication of the screwworm is being carried out by releasing male flies

sterilized by gamma irradiation in infected regions. The Animal Husband-

ry and Nutrition Department plans to study the effects of radiation on

meat and feeds, from the viewpoint of both preservation and the biochemis-

try of radiation changes.


THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER












SWe dedicate the front cover and this
space to PROFESSOR FRAZIER ROGERS, in
the same spirit that he has served the Ag
students of the University of Florida
through his tireless efforts during forty
years of service.








Forty Years of Service...


THOUSANDS OF GRADUATES of the College of Agri-
culture mourned the passing of Professor Frazier
Rogers, head of the department of Agricultural En-
gineering since 1923.
Frazier Rogers was born February 7, 1893 on a
cotton farm in Covington County, Mississippi. It
was here that he attended elementary school and
learned that farming was hard work. His interest
in farm machinery was developed when he went to
Mississippi State College from which he was grad-
uated with a Bachelor's degree in 1915. There he
had his first contact with the tractor, a device which
played a major role in his life's work.
His first job in 1916 was with the U.S.D.A. and
the Florida State Plant Board. His work called him
to North Carolina to be the first agricultural agent
of Perquimens County. In 1918 he came to the
University of Florida as an assistant in agronomy.
Actually his work was with farm machinery, but in
those days, agricultural engineering came under the
heading of agronomy.
After Prof. Rogers took over the instruction of
agricultural engineering in 1918, the curricula was
expanded and under his leadership the Department
of Agricultural Engineering was established in
1923; the fourth separate department in the College
of Agriculture.
NOVEMBER, 1958


As head of the Agricultural Engineering Depart-
ment since 1923 and a staff member since 1918,
Prof. Rogers was the senior employee of the Uni-
versity in total years of service.
At the time of his death Mr. Rogers was Vice
President of the Board of Directors of the University
of Florida Athletic Assn. and had served as a mem-
ber since 1922. His interest in athletics stemmed
from his youth when he played football at Missis-
sippi State. He was an avid fan of all sports events,
witnessing nearly every game Florida played at
home, and traveling afar with the teams on numer-
ous occasions.
The combination of agriculture and athletics
provided a multitude of activities for Frazier Rogers
during his forty years on the University of Florida
campus, and because of these activities he was prob-
ably more widely known among alumni than most
other faculty members. People all over Florida used
to ask "How is Prof. Rogers?"
The University of Florida in general, and the
Department of Agricultural Engineering in particu-
lar, suffered a great loss upon his death July 22,
1958.
Even though we have lost this man, who planned
and labored long and diligently to fulfill his desire
to train young people to serve with dignity in a dy-
namic society, the imprint of his leadership will
always remain.












A Teaching Program



For Florida



Agriculture




By James Quincey
University of Florida


AT THE JOINT MEETING of the
American Farm Economics As-
sociation and the Canadian Agri-
cultural Economics Society meet-
ing in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Au-
gust 20-23, James Quincey of
Trenton, Florida, placed first in
the speech contest for students.
Jim has been an outstanding
student leader since his high
school days where he served
as reporter, vice president and
president of his high school Fu-
ture Farmers of America Chap-
ter. He has also served as state
vice president of the Florida Fu-
ture Farmer of America Associ-
ation as well as national vice
president of this organization.
Jim continued his leadership ac-
tivities in college, holding office
in his fraternity, and he is the
past president of the University
of Florida Agricultural Econom-
ics Club.
Dr. J. Wayne Reitz, President
of the University of Florida, said
in a letter of commendation to
Mr. Quincey; "In this accom-
plishment you not only have
brought distinction to yourself
but also to the University of
Florida and to the nation. I
hope that the future will hold
many more rewarding experi-
ences for you."
The following is Mr. Quin-
cey's speech, A Teaching Pro-
gram for Modern Agriculture,
in its entirety:


MODERN AGRICULTURE is not just tech-
nical agriculture. It cannot be de-
fined in simple terms as, "The art or
science of cultivating the ground; the
production of crops and livestock on a
farm." Modern agriculture is both tech-
nical and business agriculture.
One hundred fifty years ago 88 per
cent of our people were farmers. Their's
was primarily a way of life not a busi-
ness. Their production was almost ex-
clusively for their own consumption.
They were self contained; what products
they sold, they themselves processed,
transported and distributed directly to
consumers. Their primary need was im-
proved technology to enable them to in-
crease production.
Today, only 12 per cent of our peo-
ple are farmers. Their's is more a busi-
ness than a way of life. A large part of
their production is for sale. They are
dependent upon others for agricultural
supplies, power and equipment. Their
products are transported, processed and
distributed to consumers by others. Their
need goes beyond improved production
technology. They also need more know-
ledge of business and related fields to
help them make better managerial de-
cisions.
Businesses engaged in supplying the
needs of farmers and in handling farm
products now employ two or three times
as many people as are engaged in farm-
ing. They are performing many of the
functions performed by farmers one
hundred fifty years ago. Their employees
need training in technical agriculture as
well as in business.
Clearly, modern agriculture, which I
choose to construe as including both
farming and related businesses, needs
men trained in both technical agriculture
and in .business. The question is: "Are
our colleges of agriculture doing this


job; and if not, what changes are needed
in their teaching programs to enable
them to do so?"
The urgent need for finding an answer
to this question is emphasized by the
fact that approximately 80 per cent of
our agricultural college graduates today
do not become farmers. Most of this 80
per cent go into businesses related to
agriculture, And, as I have previously
suggested, even the 20 per cent that do
become farmers need more business in-
formation if they are to achieve opti-
mum success as farmers.
I think we must agree that our colleges
of agriculture and their sister experiment
stations and extension services have met
the need for technical information. Im-
proved varieties, feeds, fertilizers, cul-
tural practices, power and machinery
have made it possible for an ever de-
creasing number and proportion of our
population to provide more than enough
food and fiber for an ever increasing
number of people.
It is on the business side of agricul-
ture that we seem to have fallen short.
In the early 1920's departments of ag-
riculture economics were established in
most of our agricultural colleges. These
departments have done a good job of
developing and teaching information re-
lating to the business side of agriculture.
Their scope, however, has been too
limited to include many of the aspects
of businesses allied to agriculture. An-
other limiting factor has been the rigid,
demanding curricula of many depart-
ments in our agricultural colleges that
teach technical, non-business subjects
such as animal husbandry, agronomy and
entomology. These departments, offering
many detailed and sometimes "diluted'
courses, do not allow their majoring
students enough time to attain the basic
core of business information available in
(Continued on Page 14)
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
















College Knowledge


Goes to


Work


THE HEMLINE is being shortened on the
long, formal robe of higher education.
In a new approach to student train-
ing, professors in the University of Flor-
ida College of Agriculture are putting
their students to work literally
sending them out to "knock noggins"
with representatives of the cold hard
business world.
Actually, it's not as grim as all this.
In fact, there are indications that every-
one connected with the new program
will benefit from it.
Called the Cooperative Student Practi-
cal Training Program, the new approach
is being tested by the Fruit Crops De-
partment of the College of Agriculture.
The voluntary program is designed to
familiarize the student with requirements
that he will be expected to meet in in-
dustry after he is graduated.
The new program is a brainchild of
Dr. J. W. Sites, head of the Fruit Crops
Department, who believes that "a little
practical experience combined with the
textbooks is a good thing." Dr. Sites
points out that similar programs have
been used successfully in other areas, but
he believes this to be the first endeavor of
its kind in the Florida fruit industry.
The program still in its infancy -
works in this manner, according to Dr.
Sites. Between the student's junior and
senior years, he may volunteer for as-
signment to a commercial enterprise -
which has offered its services in the
training program to learn the business
from "the ground up." He is placed
periodically in every department of the
organization. According to Dr. Sites, "he
works studies evaluates .
and at the end of his apprenticeship he
returns to the University to resume his
fulltime academic studies with a better
NOVEMBER, 1958


understanding of what will be expected
of him when he graduates."
The first student to sample the new
program is Larry J. Bates, 21, of San-
ford, who is studying fruit crops in the
College of Agriculture.
Larry, who will enter his senior year
when he resumes his studies in February,
has been assigned to Growers Fertilizer
Cooperative at Lake Alfred, for his on-
the-job training. He is serving an intern-
ship in each of the departments of the
business, working with specialists in each
phase.
His training involves learning the ropes
in the office, the plant and the field. In
the office he is learning methods of ac-
counting and billing, procedures in buy-
ing fertilizer ingredients and pesticides,
and source materials used by the trade.
In the plant, Larry may be found
wrestling a calculator, computing ferti-
lizer formulation. For his field training,
Larry is assigned to work with one of
the cooperative's representatives. Larry
accompanies the representative when he
calls on patrons of the cooperative.
According to Dr. Sites, "The Coopera-
tive Student Practical Training Program
benefits the student, the educator and
the employer. The student needs to learn
some of the methods of applying his
technical know-how. The educator wants
to know if there are any gaps in the sub-
ject matter program, and if he is teaching
the student what he needs to know. The
employer is interested in qualified per-
sonnel, and a program of this nature
gives him a chance to evaluate the caliber
of the individual and his training."
Dr. Sites points out that this "bird's-
eye" view of industry allows the student
to make a number of contacts and to look
over many different positions. If he sees
one that appeals to him he can use his
senior year at the University to con-


centrate on the requirements of that
specific job.
The citrus industry is not all new to
Larry, who for years has helped his
father in his 80-acre grove at Sanford.
"The Practical Training Program is es-
pecially valuable to students," he says,
"because it gives them a pretty good
idea of what is expected of them when
they are graduated then, too. I
know of no other way a student could
receive training in all departments of a
business even most permanent em-
ployees do not get this sort of training,"
he adds.
The Growers Fertilizer Cooperative
has been awarded a certificate acknowl-
edging their participation in the pro-
gram. The certificate was awarded by the
College of Agriculture, authorized by the
Department of Fruit Crops, and signed
by Dr. J. Wayne Reitz, University Presi-
dent.
Dr. I. W. Wander, General Manager
of Growers Fertilizer Cooperative, said
"We are glad to participate in a program
with as much merit as this one. It makes
a tighter bond and a larger channel of
communication between university and
industry officials."
"Besides," he continued, "we often
find that we can learn from these young
people. The student just out of the class-
room may have a fresh approach to some
of our old problems."
So the students are going to work
for limited periods, at least. If the Co-
operative Student Practical Training Pro-
gram continues to work as well as it
apparently is working now, it will prob-
ably be adopted by other departments of
the College of Agriculture and uni-
versity students will find themselves
"really getting down to business."






































The


Provost Speaks


Careers In Our

New Agriculture





By WILLARD M. FIFIELD
Provost for Agriculture
University of Florida


AGRICULTURE is the world's most vital and most uni-
versal industry. It exists wherever people use food and fibre,
which is just about everywhere people live. It exists in the
heart of New York City, in downtown Chicago, and in our
far-flung military installations. Retail business is as much a
part of agriculture as it is of the automobile trade. All of the
farm-to-market process production, harvest, storage, process-
ing, transportation, selling, wholesale and retail distribution -
all this is agricultural business. The manufacture and sale of
farm equipment, fertilizer, insecticides, fungicides, packaging
materials, and the advertising and financing incident to these
enterprises, all these, too, are a part of agricultural business.
With all our phenomenal industrial growth, agriculture still is
America's greatest industry, accounting for 40 per cent of ex-
penditures for the gross national product.
Yes, agriculture is a big, complex and dynamic industry.
It has become highly technical and more businesslike. The
phenomenal growth of supermarkets alone has made it ter-
rifically competitive, and the quality-price factor is more im-
portant today than ever before. Quantity and uniformity, too,
are key factors in marketing.
A revolution in farm practice has resulted from these de-
mands. Some changes have been gradual. The scythe has given
way to the mowing machine, and the mule has given way to
the tractor. Other changes have been rapid and spectacular.
Consider how frozen concentrate has affected our great citrus
industry. For that matter, consider how the discovery by ex-
periment station workers that earworms in sweetcorn can be
controlled by DDT, resulted in a new $10,000,000 crop for
Florida.
Fertilizers and pesticides cost money too much money
if used inefficiently. Unwise investment in equipment, unwise
decisions in varieties, in feeding practices, in establishment of
pasture grasses and legumes, all can spell failure when profit
margins are small. A poor calf crop, or even a good one at the
wrong time of year these things seriously affect the success
of a cattleman. Production can no longer be a case of guess-
work and luck, or even of toil alone. Neither can marketing.
Technical knowledge of any operation is essential.
With all of its changes and complications, however, our
agriculture is here to stay. What else can take its place? We
hear so much about the farm problem, of crop surpluses, and
of people moving off the farm, that I'm afraid, to the unin-
formed, the impression is getting around that careers in agri-
culture are on the downgrade. This undoubtedly is true for
those who are unwilling to prepare adequately for such careers,
just as it is true for poorly trained individuals in the medical,
legal, and engineering professions. One trained only for the
applied operations of today may be hopelessly lost in adapting
to rapid technological developments of tomorrow. The best in-
surance against such catastrophy is a thorough background in
basic and fundamental knowledge.

There are brilliant opportunities ahead for careers in our
new agriculture, greater opportunities than ever before. Behind
these new opportunities, however, is a truth as old as history.
The future belongs to those who prepare for it.
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER











What is a





Land Grant



Institution ?







by

J. WAYNE REITZ

President, University of Florida


IN AGRICULTURE we are heirs and par-
ticipants of a peculiarly American edu-
cational program which is commonly
known as the Land-Grant college system.
Yet, as with many aspects of our en-
vironment, we are sometimes unaware
of how it evolved and the all inclusive
functions which such an institution per-
forms. The university of Florida is one
of the great Land-Grant institutions to
be found in each of the 48 states and the
territories of Hawaii, Alaska and Puerto
Rico. Since we are a part of this unique
system it is entirely fitting that we should,
from time to time, retell the story of its
origin, development, form of organiza-
tion, and functions.
Today we take for granted the ex-
istence of a great body of systematized
knowledge in the field of agriculture and
engineering. We also take for granted
the known techniques for transmitting
that knowledge through organized in-
struction at universities or by means of
adult education programs carried on
throughout the length and breadth of the
land. Yet one does not have to go far
back into history to find a great lack of
systematized knowledge or the means for
transmitting it. Not until 1855 was the
first state agricultural college organized,
when Michigan became the pioneer in
this development. True it was that there
had been much agitation to have such
colleges established. Agricultural societies
in numerous states including New York,
Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maine, Illi-
nois and Michigan had actively worked
for specialized training in agriculture. In
1824 the Rensselaer Institute at Troy.
NOVEMBER, 1958


New York, made the first fully organized
attempt to give such training in a private
institution. These endeavors, during the
first half of the last century, paralleled
and were a part of the agitation to make
our system of higher education more
realistic in its approach to problems of
daily life by training students for special-
ized careers particularly with respect to
agricultural and industrial pursuits.
Onto this scene of educational turmoil
and dissatisfaction came a Congressman
from Vermont by the name of Justin S.
Morrill. Congressman Morrill was not a
highly educated man in the formal sense,
but he had a real appreciation of the need
for modifying the existing higher edu-
cational system. Soon after arriving in
Washington he drafted a bill which would
give to each state 30,000 acres of land
from the public domain for each con-
gressman and senator. The proceeds from
the sale of such land were to be used as
an endowment for establishing a college
to teach agriculture and the mechanic
arts. His bill passed both houses of Con-
gress in 1857 but it was vetoed by Presi-
dent Buchanan. Late in 1861 he intro-
duced a similar bill which was passed
and signed into law by President Lincoln
in 1862. This Act known as the Morrill
Act of 1862 or the Land-Grant College
Act is generally conceded to be a turning
point in higher education in America. The
purpose of the Act was for "the endow-
ment, support, and maintenance of at
least one college where the leading ob-
ject shall be, without excluding other
scientific and classical studies, and in-
cluding military tactics, to teach such


branches of learning as are related to
agriculture and the mechanic arts, in
such manner as the legislatures of the
States may respectively prescribe, in or-
der to promote the liberal and practical
education of the industrial classes in the
several pursuits and professions of life."
The provisions of the Act were broad
and flexible so as to permit each state to
develop a program in accordance with
its peculiar needs. Other than to insure
that the states would maintain the en-
dowment from the sale of lands in per-
petuity, not to use the income therefrom
for buildings or equipment, and to make
certain annual reports to the Secretary of
Interior, the limitations imposed by the
Act were slight indeed. It was the be-
ginning and has remained the classic ex-
ample of federal participation in edu-
cation with the states maintaining a wide
range of freedom of action.
With the incentive of the Morrill Act
each state took steps to establish colleges
of agriculture and mechanic arts as soon
as conditions permitted. Obviously there
was no trained professorial staff to meet
the specific objectives of these newly
established colleges. In the main pro-
fessors of the biological and physical
sciences, who were interested in agri-
culture, were given the task of develop-
ing an instructional program. It soon be-
came apparent that the program of study
offered was quite inadequate, while
funds from the land grants were meager
in most states, the chief lack was not
funds but a body of systematic know-
ledge. It became necessary to develop
(Continued on Page 8)








(Continued from Page 7)
that knowledge and to train instructors
for the specific job at hand.
Recognition of the need for basic in-
formation to teach resident students and
for use in answering questions from far-
mers led to the second great step in de-
velopment of the present day Land-
Grant Institution, namely, the establish-
ment of state experiment stations. In 1887
Congressman William H. Hatch of Mis-
souri was successful in having his bill
approved by both houses of Congress and
signed into law. Known as the Hatch
Act it provided $15,000 annually to each
state for the establishment of agricultural
experiment stations. The preamble of the
Act stated in part, "to aid in acquiring
and diffusing among the people of the
United States useful and practical in-
formation on subjects connected with
agriculture, and to promote scientific in-
vestigation and experiment respecting the
principles and applications of agricultur-
al science, there shall be established,
under direction of the college or colleges
of agriculture or agricultural department
of colleges in each state a depart-
ment to be known and designated as an
agricultural experiment station."
While the Hatch Act gave great impe-
tus to agricultural research, it is worthy
to note that 14 states had already es-
tablished an experimental program at the
time of its passage. However, with ad-
ditional incentive for carrying on investi-
gational work a program was soon de-
veloped in each of the existing states,
which more than any other one factor,
gave system and direction to the work
of the Land-Grant colleges. The work of
the experiment stations transformed
methods of teaching by adding content
to courses, and the method and spirit of
research rejuvenated the teaching pro-
gram. Laboratory and field work for
students became accepted teaching prac-
tice and remains an integral part of the
instructional program today.
With experiment stations established,
the Land-Grant colleges progressed rapid-
ly. There was a rapid increase in stu-
dents, research moved vigorously ahead,
and needed buildings and facilities were
added. Congress recognized the renewed
enthusiasm and provided specific funds
for further endowment of the colleges
through the Second Morrill Act of 1890
and an amendment in 1908. Agricultural
experiment stations received additional
federal assistance with the passage of the
Adams Act in 1906. Thus the education-
al and research functions of the Land-
Grant college prospered and gained in-
creased popular favor as was the inten-
tion of the founders. In more recent
years, starting with the Purnell Act in
1926, and followed by the Bankhead-
Jones Act of 1935 and the Agricultural

8


Marketing Act of 1946 greatly increased
federal assistance has been given for re-
search.
The third great landmark in the evo-
lution of the present day Land-Grant in-
stitution was the passage of the Smith-
Level Act of 1914, authorizing coopera-
tive extension work. This Act had as its
purpose, "to aid in diffusing among the
people of the United States useful and
practical information on subjects relating
to agriculture and home economics, and
to encourage the application of the
same .. "
More specifically the Act states "that
shall consist of the giving of instruction
cooperative agricultural extension work
and practical demonstrations in agricul-
ture and home economics to persons not
attending or resident in said colleges
(Land-Grant) in the several communi-
ties, and imparting to such persons in-
formation on said subjects through field
demonstrations, publications, and other-
wise; and this work shall be carried on
in such manner as may be mutually
agreed upon by the Secretary of Agri-
culture and the State agricultural college
or colleges receiving the benefits of this
Act."
Passage of the Smith-Level Act was a
natural outgrowth of developments under
the Morrill and Hatch Acts. For some
years prior to its passage members of
teaching and research staffs in the col-
leges of agriculture had been called upon
to do an extensive amount of adult edu-
cational work. Agricultural institutes and
informational types of meetings were
held. Agricultural trains displaying ex-
hibits and the latest information on im-
proved farm practices were routed
throughout many states each year. Staff
members were continually being called
upon to conduct tours and demonstra-
tions; to answer inquiries, and give lec-
tures to off campus groups. To more
systematically and effectively meet these
and many other demands, and, at the
same time to permit the research and
teaching staffs to concentrate on their
specific tasks, became the function of the
agricultural extension services.
In cooperation with the colleges of
agriculture the newly organized agri-
cultural extension services were able to
make rapid progress because of experi-
ence already gained in adult agricultural
education. The pattern which evolved is
one which is well known to all of us to-
day. In each college there is a state of-
fice of extension work including the di-
rector and his assistants together with a
group of subject matter specialists. In
cooperation with the counties, the pro-
gram is carried on at the county level by
county and home demonstration agents
and assistants when needed. Through the
operation of the extension program a


great educational endeavor is in contin-
uous process bringing to rural people the
best and latest information on improved
farm and home practices. It is the edu-
cational arm of the college or university
extending into every area of the state. It
represents the culmination of the dream
of the founders of the Land-Grant col-
lege idea when they referred to these
institutions to be formed as the "Peoples
Colleges."
This triumvirate of research, resident
instruction, and extension which typifies
the modern Land-Grant college has come
to be recognized the world over as a
model in organization for bringing about
a more abundant rural life. Many coun-
tries have had good research and resi-
dent instruction programs, but the re-
sults of research remained bottled up
on the campus or research laboratory or
within a short distance thereof. The fruits
of research are of little value unless wide-
ly applied. It is through our resident in-
struction and extension programs, par-
ticularly the latter, that the results of
research are given wide application.
It is not a mere coincidence that just
100 years ago each farm worker pro-
duced food and fiber for about four
other persons whereas today he produces
for himself and twenty-one other people.
To be sure, much of this released man-
power for the production of other goods
and services, which adds so immeasurably
to our standard of living, became avail-
able because of mechanized production.
But much of that mechanization grew
out of research carried on by Land-Grant
colleges or by men trained in such insti-
tutions. This mechanization together with
the great developments in improved
methods of production developed by re-
search go far in explaining the produc-
tive capacity of agriculture in this coun-
try.
No specific mention has been made in
this discussion of the development and
contributions of the agricultural research,
instructional and extension program at
the University of Florida. Rather it had
been the purpose to outline the philos-
ophy, origin, evolution, and organization
of Land-Grant institutions in general. The
program at the University of Florida
follows the general pattern which has
evolved, although there is not specific
pattern which can be uniformly applied
to all states. The three divisions of the
College of Agriculture include research
(The Florida Agricultural Experiment
Stations), resident instruction (The Col-
lege proper) and extension (The Agri-
cultural Extension Service). Each divi-
sion working in close cooperation with
each of the other divisions, yet having
definite responsibilities in performing its
individual functions, is geared to best
serve the research and educational needs
of agriculture.
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER









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Our University of Florida Graduates Are:
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HERMAN JONES, Oak Crest, Mgr. WALTER PARRIS, Accountant
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NOVEMBER, 1958



















Poultry Training





Pays Off




by PHILIP M. ARMSTRONG


)Partial view of the Florida National Egg Laying Test in Chipley,
Florida, established in 1926 to provide information on laying birds
to Florida poultrymen.


THE $4 BILLION POULTRY industry of
America requires the services of several
thousand trained people and needs to
recruit an additional several hundred in-
dividuals annually.
Opportunities in the poultry industry
are practically limitless. As one of the
major food industries touching the lives
of 15 million producers and 160 million
consumers in the United States, the in-
dustry provides a broad field for serving
human needs.
Opportunities for investment in the
field of poultry husbandry compare
favorably with those in other agricultural
and non-agricultural industries. Many
investors have found that poultry farm-
ing, feed manufacturing, hatchery pro-
duction and processing and marketing,
if properly managed, are profitable
sources of investment income.
Salaries in this field compare favor-
ably with those in other agricultural in-
dustries and opportunities for advance-
ment are good.
Three examples of successful poul ptry
majors from the University of Florida
are: Dr. J. Clyde Driggers, class of 38;
Theodore (Ted) Shields, class of 51;
and Herman 0. Jones, Jr., class of 56.
These graduates exemplify the widespread
opportunities found in the poultry in-
dustry.
Dr. Driggers, now chairman of the
University of Georgia Poultry Depart-
ment, began his college career at the
University of Florida in 1934. He held
the first under-graduate assistantship in
the poultry department.


He did graduate work at the Univer-
sity of Florida until he was called into
service in World War II. After his dis-
charge, Dr. Driggers returned to the
University to work on his doctorate in
the field of nutrition.
After completing this work, he remain-
ed a staff member of the Poultry Depart-
ment-doing research work in nutrition
and teaching several courses-until Au-
gust, 1957, when he received his present
appointment.
Another outstanding graduate of the
poultry department is Ted Shields, who
entered the University in 1947, after six
years of 4-H Club poultry work. Dur-
ing his college career he held an assist-
antship in the poultry department, was
an officer of the Poultry Science Club,
a member of the Poultry Judging Teams,
and chairman of the Florida Baby Chick,
Poult and Egg Show.
Mr. Shields graduated in 1951 with a
BSA. After his graduation he worked
with the Poultry and Egg Inspection
Division of the State Department of Agri-
culture, as District Manager for Birdsey
Flour and Feed Co., and at present he is
District Manager for Security Feed and
Seed Co., Tampa.
His job entails handling all plant oper-
ations for his company, including pur-
chase of feed ingredients, the manufac-
ture of feed, and sales to retail stores.
Mr. Shields has served as chairman of
the Agriculture Committee for the Tam-
pa Kiwanis Club and at present is Secre-
tary of the Florida Feed Dealers' Asso-
ciation.


The youngest member of the trio is
Herman Jones, who graduated in 1956
with a major in poultry husbandry. He
is now manager of Oak Crest Hatcheries,
Inc., Jacksonville.
Mr. Jones, who was active in 4-H
Club poultry work, continued his active
interest in college. He was president of
the Poultry Science Club and the Agri-
cultural Council, and Chairman of the
Baby Chick, Poult and Egg Show.
After graduation, he became president
of Duval County Poultry Producers
Assn., hatchery representative to the
Florida Agricultural Council, was an of-
ficer in his local Farm Bureau Organ-
ization, and was recently elected record-
ing secretary, Florida State Poultry Pro-
ducers Association.
These three examples point out a few
of the attractive positions that poultry
majors may attain. At present, we have
graduates in many other fields, including:
production manager of feed company;
sales representative for nationally known
farm equipment company; supervisor of
Egg Laying Test; Executive Secretary of
F.F.A.; manager of a commercial egg
farm; District Agent, Florida Agricul-
tural Extension Service; feed servicemen;
egg market manager, and many others.
This will give you some idea as to the
size and scope of careers in poultry hus-
bandry. If you are interested in this
field, write to the Dean of the College
of Agriculture or to the Poultry Depart-
ment, University of Florida and request
more information.


THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER













































Radiation Experiment Unit


Installation Made at U. of F.


THE FLORIDA Agricul-
Stural Experiment Sta-
tion has recently instal-
led the largest cobalt
irradiator for agricul-
tural use in the coun-
try.
This irradiator con-
tains 6,400 curies of cobalt-60, equiva-
lent radiation-wise to 11 pounds of ra-
dium. In addition to its size in terms of
radiation, the design of the reactor makes
it especially useful as a multi-purpose
unit for agricultural products.
The important part of the irradiator
is radioactive cobalt. Ordinary non-ra-
dioactive cobalt is a grayish metal which
has an atomic weight of 59. Some co-
balt-59 atoms are converted to unstable
or radioactive cobalt-60 when bombarded
with neutrons in an atomic reactor. The
disintegration of the unstable cobalt-60
produces gamma radiation. The "half-
ife" of cobalt-60 is 5.3 years; that is,
after 5.3 years a given piece of cobalt-
60 will give off only one-half as much
gamma radiation as it does today.
The radioactive cobalt in the irradi-
NOVEMBER, 1958


ator is in the form of 240 wafers, about
1/16 inch thick and /2 inch in diameter.
These wafers were loaded into 24 6-inch
long stainless steel tubes at Oak Ridge
National Laboratory and then shipped to
Gainesville in a three ton lead container.
After the cobalt-60 arrived at the univer-
sity, scientists used long handled tools to
move the dangerous radioactive cobalt
from the three ton shipping container
to the bird cage-like irradiator. The en-
tire spear fishing type operation took
place under 13 feet of water in the well
of the radiation pit.
The extreme penetrating nature of co-
balt-60 necessitates storing the irradi-
ator containing the cobalt under 13 feet
of water in the center of the radiation
pit. The radiation pit is 30 feet in dia-
meter surrounded with concrete walls
12 feet high and banked with many feet
of earth. A maize driveway leading into
the pit shields personnel from radiation
and makes possible the use of trucks in
the pit when the irradiator is under wa-
ter. A metal frame and a 17-foot dia-
meter, 18 ton concrete lid covers the ir-
radiator to reduce the intensity of radi-
ation directed skyward.


At present time Dr. Howard J. Teas,
associate biochemist in botany with the
Agricultural Experiment Station, and Dr.
David Anthony, associate chemistry pro-
fessor, are the only two licensed to oper-
ate the irradiator, and one must be pres-
ent during operation. After workers have
placed experimental materials in the ra-
diation pit, the gate to the fenced enclos-
ure is locked. For exposure of samples
the irradiator is raised by remote con-
trol located in the operating house over
100 feet away. Colored lights and instru-
ments in the operating house indicate
the position of the irradiator and how
much radiation the experimental ma-
terial is receiving.
After the desired dosage has been ad-
ministered to the experimental material,
the irradiator is lowered back into the
water tank by the remote controls. Work-
ers may then remove the experimental
material since gamma rays induce no
radioactivity.
Agronomy, Animal Husbandry and
Nutrition, Botany, Entomology, Food
Technology, Fruit Crops, Ornamental
Horticulture, Plant Pathology and Vege-
(Continued on Page 15)











Promoting Florida Eggs ...


)Mr. Earl Nelson, Marketing Specialist Florida Egg Commission, shows the
material used in the promotion campaign. These include bumper stickers, posters,
place cards, buyers guides, and other advertising.


THE FLORIDA EGG COMMISSION was es-
tablished to carry on a publicity, adver-
tising, and sales promotion campaign to
increase the consumption of Florida pro-
duced eggs.
The Commission will carry out its pro-
gram on each of four levels: producer,
processor, consumer, and research.
At the producer level quality and quali-
ty control will be stressed through films,
talks, demonstrations, and egg quality
schools. The egg quality schools will
feature correct methods of candling and
grading as well as the latest methods of
cleaning, packaging, and storing eggs.
The processor level will feature egg
quality schools similar to those at pro-
ducer level. Advertising material and
programs for retail managers and restau-
rant associations will be distributed.
The handling of eggs after they reach
the retail level is a decisive factor in the
ultimate quality of the product purchased
by the consumer. Programs to teach
store and market managers how to store,
handle and display quality eggs will be
conducted through the Retail Merchants
Associations or area meetings.
To encourage the use of Florida pro-


duced eggs in Florida restaurants, repre-
sentatives of the Egg Commission will
meet with Restaurant Association mem-
bers whenever possible to present infor-
mation on quantity cookery, quality iden-
tification, economy egg purchasing facts,
promotional programs, and other items
of interest to the restaurant trade.
The Commission will use radio and
TV, newspapers, displays, and exhibits
on the consumer level to show the nutri-
tional value of eggs and the desire ability
of buying Florida produced eggs.
The Egg Commission research pro-
gram will help determine the most de-
sirable methods of packaging eggs for
consumer acceptance, determine con-
sumer buying habits, and gain informa-
tion on the best ways of maintaining egg
quality from hen to consumer.
The Florida Egg Commission is com-
posed of eight members, one an em-
ployee of the State Department of Agri-
culture and the other seven resident
citizens of Florida engaged in producing
market eggs. Appointments are for two
years.
Commissioners are selected by the
Governor upon joint recommendation of
the Commissioner of Agriculture and the


Florida State Poultry Producers Associa-
tion.
The commissioners are: Sam Bush, W.
E. Eckler, Forest Higginbotham, A. G.
Mazourek (Chairman), Gilbert H.
Moore, Harvey Pitts, and Frank See.
Frank Risher of the Florida State Mar-
keting Bureau was appointed to represent
the state Department of Agriculture.
Advisors are Tom Mullin, director, Poul-
try and Egg Inspection Division, and N.
R. Menrhof, head, Poultry Department,
University of Florida. Carl Binger is
manager of the Commission.


Foreign Students
Attend Ag School
Each year thousands of students from
Latin America, India, Pakistan, Indo-
nesia, and many other countries come to
the United States to receive their higher
educations at your cultural centers.
A large percentage of these students
will study agriculture and their know-
ledge of tropical crops,livestock, poultry,
economics, sales, and business manage-
ment will be used in agricultural in-
dustries at home.
The Central American countries -
Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nic-
aragua, Costa Rica and Panama are
represented by more than 60 students in
the University of Florida, College of
Agriculture.
Many of Florida's Latin students come
from a school in Honduras called "Es-
cuele Agricole Panamericana," operated
by the United Fruit Company. Each
year Escuele Agricole Panamericana fur-
nishes scholarships to her top students
and these are among the students we
get at Florida. The overall grade average
maintained by the 10 students from the
Escuele Agricole is 3.00 and many of
them belong to the honorary fraternities
here on campus.
The University of Florida Caribbean
research program provides your profes-
sors with insight into the interests and
needs of foreign students' study pro-
grams. Your agricultural teachers realize
the effort being put forth by these foreign
students in their class work. Professors
know the language difficulties many of
us foreign students face; some must be-
gin by learning the alphabet.
Foreign agriculture students study in a
cosmopolitan society. I shall never for-
get a course in Plant Breeding, taught by
Dr. Senn. Of the 20 students in the
course nearly 70 per cent were foreign:
Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, the
Philippines, Thailand, Pakistan, New
Guinea, Indonesia, and the State of Geor-
gia were represented. In fact the class
was a small United Nations, taking Plant
Breeding under Dr. Senn's leadership.
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER











Agricultural Economist


Awarded Honorary Degree


) Byron S. Hollinshead (left) commencement speaker looks on as Pres. J. Wayne
f Reitz (right) presents degree to William Forrest Callander.


WILLIAM FORREST CALLANDER, well-
known authority on statistics, recently be-
came the 17th person to receive an hon-
orary Doctor of Science degree from
the University of Florida. Dr. J. Wayne
Reitz, university president, conferred the
degree.
Mr. Callander was cited at the August
9th commencement for the international
impact of his achievements in improving
the science of collecting, organizing and
interpreting statistical data throughout
the world.
He came to the University of Florida
in 1950 at the age of 70 as visiting
lecturer in the Department of Agricul-
tural Economics. This appointment fol-
lowed his retirement as Assistant Chief
of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics,
U.S. Department of Agriculture, and
chairman of the Crop Reporting Board.
Known as "the father of statistical
laboratories," he founded the Bureau of
Statistics of the University of Florida, a
NOVEMBER, 1958


bureau designed to become a central or-
ganization for coordinating all statistics
on campus, now known as the Statistical
Laboratory. He was appointed Interim
Director of the bureau in 1950. Under
his guidance, the services and equipment
of the laboratory were soon utilized by
many departments, thus increasing the
effectiveness of their research. He also
pioneered in establishing outstanding sta-
tistical departments at Virginia Polytech-
nic Institute and the Consolidated North
Carolina Universites.
A number of outstanding achieve-
ments highlight Mr. Callander's excel-
lent background. He was chosen to rep-
resent the U.S. Department of Agricul-
ture under special commission from the
State Department. In this assignment he
collaborated in a study on the effect of
World War I on agriculture in Europe
and made recommendations for the estab-
lishment of agriculture attache offices in
European countries. In a later study he
was sent to Columbia, South America,


to attend a conference on the develop-
ment of statistical programs in South
America and the Caribbean. In 1952,
while serving as director of the University
of Florida Statistical Laboratory, Mr.
Callander accepted an appointment to
train students from all of South and
Central America at the University of
Quito, Eucador, at the request of the
Food and Agriculture Division of the
United Nations.
Other interesting details of his career
include his appointment as Assistant
Chief and Comptroller of the U.S. Agri-
cultural Adjustment Administration un-
der Chester Davis. He was also in charge
of the 1945 National Agricultural Cen-
sus.
Mr. Callander retired from the direc-
torship of the University of Florida
Statistical Laboratory in 1953, but con-
tinued to serve the University as a con-
sultant.
In 1954 he accepted the responsibility
of initiating a cirtus tree census in Flor-
ida. He became Supervising Statistician
and Consultant of the Florida State Plant
Board, where he remained until the cen-
sus was completed early this year. A
complete report of the census will be
released in the near future.
Because of the growing need and con-
stant use of statistics in every phase of
our society, the University and the State
of Florida owe much to Mr. Callander
for his outstanding contributions.












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TEACHING PROGRAM -
(Continued from Page 4)
the agricultural economics department.
A few of our agricultural colleges have
seen the need for both technical and
business agriculture. They have initiated
a new curricula designated as "agri-busi-
ness." Courses in money and banking,
business organization, business law, sales
management and other business oriented
subjects have been substituted for techni-
cal agricultural courses. This is a step
in the right direction but it is not
enough. It poses for us two questions.
First, what of students that do not take
agri-business? Although a majority of
them will stumble into businesses related
to agriculture, they will do so without
training in the fundamentals of business.
Any success they might have in business
may well be in spite of instead of with
the assistance of their college training.
Secondly, what of students who do fol-
low agri-business curricula? While their
training is likely to be adequate, their
training in technical agriculture is likely
to be deficient. Deficient unless there is
a drastic reorganization and consolidation
of the subject matter in agricultural
courses.
Agri-business curricula will help. But,
in my opinion the needs of modern agri-
culture will not be met unless the subject
matter offered in most of our agricul-
tural courses is completely overhauled.
It must be made possible for a student
not specializing in a particular subject
to obtain one, or at most two courses
a basic, useful understanding of the sub-
ject. It must be made possible for a stu-
dent to get a major in a particular agri-
cultural subject by taking five and at
most, not more than six courses. Only
in this way can an agri-business student
gain a sound knowledge of technical ag-
riculture. Only in this way can a student
specializing in one agricultural subject
obtain a working knowledge of other
subjects in agriculture, and a minimum
necessary knowledge of business.
Perhaps I can illustrate my point with
a personal example I am a major in
agricultural economics. I am interested
in the business side of agriculture. In
addition to courses in agricultural eco-
nomics, economics, and business admin-
istration, I have taken courses in a num-
ber of technical agricultural subjects.
When I graduate, I will have a good
business foundation, but I will know
little of technical agriculture. Almost
without exception the technical agricul-
tural courses that I have taken have
been either highly diluted and pitched
at the highschool level, or they were
very detailed studies of a very limited
part of the field. I spent an enormous
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER







amount of time memorizing the names
of the mouth parts of a grasshopper and
drawing the hairs on a flea's leg. But, I
did not learn much about identifying
the major commercial insects, their life
cycles and controls. In botany I devoted
nearly two semesters to peering through
a microscope and drawing pictures of
cross sections of plants. But, I only
studied the identifications and growth
habits of our commercially important
plants and trees for a period of approxi-
mately two weeks. In agronomy I spent
a great deal of time memorizing the
names and learning to identify the seeds
of a number of plants. But, I never
learned much about the growth and cul-
ture of our major agronomic plants.
If you agree that there is a need for
overhauling both the curricula and the
courses of our agricultural colleges to al-
low for more business training, I hope
you will take the lead in seeing that it is
done at your college. No doubt you are
more familiar with the need than I. Be-
cause of the nature of your training and
experience this need cannot have escaped
you. With your knowledge of this prob-
lem goes a responsibility a responsibil-
ity to see that our agricultural colleges
quit short-changing their students, and
train them adequately for their role in a
modern agriculture.

IRRADIATION UNIT INSTALLED -
(Continued from Page 11)
apartments which have radiation experi-
ments planned. These experiments will
be designed to produce new strains and
varieties of plants, to study the effects
of irradiation on food reservations and
to study the changes which occur in the
biochemical changes of agricultural prod-
ucts. In addition to these nine depart-
ments, workers at several branch stations
plan to send or bring materials for ir-
radiation experiments, and Director J. R.
Beckenbach has announced that the ir-
radiation facility will be available to
other southern experiment stations and
universities for their research projects.
Clearly, the cobalt-60 radiation facility
at the University of Florida, will open
new avenues of research for developing
new varieties of crops, new and im-
proved methods of food preservation and
will make possible associated basic re-
search programs.







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Ag


News & Views


Ag Council


The Student Agricultural Council,
composed of the president or another
officer of each departmental club and
the student government representatives of
the College of Agriculture, has a very
busy schedule for this semester.
The Annual Freshman Barbecue will
be held October 27. The barbecue is for
all freshman who plan to study in the
field of agriculture. All freshman are
admitted free.
Just prior to the Thanksgiving holiday,
the Council will have its Annual Turkey
Shoot sponsored by the Army ROTC
Rifle Team.
The Council will have Dr. H. B.
Clark a professor in the Agricultural
Economics Department as its advisor for
the coming year.
During the last meeting in the spring
semester, the following were elected to
serve the coming year: President: Rich-
ard Kelly, Vice President: Maxey Love,
Secretary: Bernard Lester, Treasurer:
Philip Armstrong, Advisor: Dr. H. B.
Clark. (Richard Kelly)


Alpha Zeta

The Florida Chapter of Alpha Zeta
completed a busy year, climaxed by the
installation of new officers on May 5.
They are chancellor, Vern Resler, Gaines-
ville; censor, David Kidd, Gainesville;
scribe, Jack Houle, Sarasota; treasurer,
Lloyd Lee, Tampa; and chronicler, Paul
Joyal, Eau Gallie.
The high point of the year's activities
was the annual Agricultural Fair, spon-
sored and coordinated by Alpha Zeta
and held March 21 and 22. The fair con-
sisted of exhibits and demonstrations by
the clubs and departments in the
College of Agriculture and School of
Forestry. High points of the fair included
the crowning of the queen, Charleen Per-


ry, and the awarding of trophies for the
winning exhibit and demonstration. The
annual Professor of the Year in Agri-
culture was made to Dr. John Owen of
the pathology department.
Events of the past fall semester in
eluded fall pledging and initiation of 12
new members, presentation of the annual
outstanding freshman award, presenta-
tion of the sophomore award to Emory
Weatherly, and a barbecue to welcome
new members.
Several events took place during the
spring semester besides the Ag Fair. A
social for prospective members was held
in March. Spring pledging and initiation
of 14 new members followed.
The Alpha Zeta banquet was the last
important event during the school year.
Many active and alumni members were
present. The welcome was given by
George Cooper and the introductions
were handled by the master of ceremon-
ies, Dr. Pettus Senn.


Block and Bridle

The Block and Bridle Club, an affiliate
of the Animal Husbandry and Nutrition
Department, is the largest student organ-
ization in the College of Agriculture.
However, membership is not limited to
students in animal husbandry, or even in
the College of Agriculture. Students of
any college in the University with an
interest in livestock are welcome to
pledge.
Some of the activities of the club in-
clude sponsorship of the livestock and
meats judging teams. A steer is shown
at the Southeastern Fat Stock Show and
Sale, and proceeds go to a club scholar-
ship. There are also numerous parties and
other social gatherings throughout the
year.
As a source of revenue, the club mem-
bers put on many barbecues. Among
these are the Legislature Barbecue and
the one at the Breeders' and Herdsmen's
Short Course.


Each year the club chooses two out-
standing men in the field of agriculture
as honorary members.


American Society
of Agronomy

Last year the ASA took a clean sweep
of the prizes at the Ag Fair, with their
tobacco display winning first place in
both the exhibit and demonstration con-
tests.
Other activities include a barbecue for
the agronomy research, teaching, and ex-
tension staff members and their wives
and a formal banquet at the end of the
year. Representatives were sent to the
American Society of Agronomy conven-
tion in Atlanta. A scrapbook was started.
As a money-making project the club
assembled and sold seed and soil kits to
county agents and vocational agriculture
teachers.
Officers for this school year are
Michael Shalloway, president; Wayne
Smith, vice president; Nicho Caudra,
secretary; Thomas Strickland, treasurer;
Benny Whitty, business manager; and
Arlan Buchanan, historian. Faculty ad-
visors are Prof. S. N. Edson and Dr.
Earl G. Rodgers.
(Mike Shalloway)

American Society of
Agricultural Engineers

Because the student branch of the
ASAE at the University of Florida is
still young, most of its efforts have been
in obtaining increased membership. How-
ever, the branch has participated in a
number of university activities.
The bi-monthly meetings include the
business meeting, and authoritative pro-
gram, and a social hour with refresh-
ments.
Officers of the ASAE are president,
David Hunt; vice president, Richard
Egerton; and secretary-treasurer, Edward
Wilson.
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


I


I M." I









Thyrsus

Thyrsus membership is composed of
students of horticulture and others who
enjoy the fragrance of a fresh blooming
flower or the delightful taste of fruits
and vegetables which they have grown.
This year the club's principal source
of revenue is from the sale of mums at
the Home football games. This is the
first time such a project has been at-
tempted, and the members of Thyrsus
are pleased with the results. Space has
been allotted the club in the horticultural
greenhouse and club members care for
the plants. They also made the corsages
using pipecleaners of the appropriate
color to from the initials of the U of F
and the opposing ball teams. Corsages
sell for $1.00 each. This project not only
adds to the treasury but gives members
experience in cultivating plants and ar-
ranging corsages.
Thyrsus also has a big-brother system
whereby freshman members can get help
from older and more experienced stu-
dents.
This year Thyrsus joined the American
Society of Horticultural Science which
entitles us to enter papers for under-
graduate competition. Prizes include
$100.00 and an expense paid trip to
Memphis Tennessee.


4H Club

The University 4-H Club is an organi-
zation composed of former 4-H members
who want to continue their participation
in this worthy program. Club meetings
are held monthly with a program dealing
with some phase of 4-H work.
The University 4-H members cooper-
ate in the state program by assisting
agents with local meetings and assisting
at district and state activities.
The primary purpose of the club is to
help instill in younger 4-H members the
need for more and better achievement
records.


Newell Entomological
Society

The Newell Entomological Society is
a state-wide organization with its most
active membership consisting of under-
graduate and graduate students in the
College of Agriculture.
The objectives of the Society are to
promote the study of entomology and
to encourage research relative to insects
in the state.
During the past year the Society had
Col. George Hunter, Medical School, to
speak to the group. First semester an
initiation-fish fry was held at which time


10 new members were initiated into the
Society. The club placed an exhibit in the
Agricultural Fair held in March.
Dr. Thomas Walker is serving as fac-
ulty advisor to the Society. New officers
elected for the 1958-59 term are:
President Jack Lee
Vice-President Charles Colledge
Secretary Sathena Clark
Treasurer Tom Cleveland


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SH. E. Wood, State Adviser, presented
the J. F. Williams Memorial $100
Scholarships to Gipson Frank Kingry,
Jr., Malone; and Fenwick Donald Mc-
Cormick, Williston.

Future Farmers
of America

The Thirtieth Annual State Future
Farmers of America Convention was held
during June in Daytona Beach.
On Wednesday morning of the week-
long convention, two former members
of the Collegiate Chapter of Future
Farmers of America were honored. Mr.
Harry Wood, State Future Farmers of
America Advisor, presented Fenwick
Donald McCormick and Gipson Frank
Kingry Jr. each with a $100 J. P. Wil-
liams Memorial Scholarship. Kingry and
McCormick graduated with the class of
'58 and plan to teach vocational agricul-
ture, in Florida.
During the Future Farmers of Amer-
ica convention 16 men received the
Honorary State Farmers Degree. Among
these was Joseph D. Norton, assistant
vegetable crops specialist with the Agri-
cultural Extension Service.
Cecil Tindel of the Graceville Chapter
won the president's post on the first bal-
lot over 12 other candidates. The follow-
ing were elected vice presidents; Curtis
Koon, Mayo; W. O. Beauchamp, Jr.,
Chiefland; Robert Carley, Miami; Don-
ald Hobbs, Paxton; Keyland Morgan,
Lakeland; and Horace Quincey, Trenton.
During this semester the Collegiate
Chapter plans to enter an exhibit in the
Greater Jacksonville Agricultural and
Industrial Fair as well as the North
Florida Fair at Tallahassee. Both ex-
hibits will involve some phase of vo-
cational agriculture and Future Farmers
of America works. (Richard Kelly)


Forestry Club

The Forestry Club is a social and ser-
vice organization composed of forestry
students and faculty.
Most of the events on the club's calen-
dar are annual ones. Last year's included
a smoker during the first week of classes
to acquaint the students and professors,
and a field day at Lake Mize in the
Austin Carey Forest where contests of
strength and skill were held. The club
18


had a display of live wild native animals
at the Ag Fair. At the end of the year
the student-faculty baseball game was
held, and the final event was the annual
banquet. Some of the members attended
the first Southeastern Forestry Conclave
in Georgia.
The high point of the year was when
the club decided to set aside 24 acres of
the Austin Carey Forest for demon-
stration purposes. Proceeds from the sale
of timber from the 24 one-acre plots will
go to the club treasury. (Reid Folsom.)


Poultry Science
Club Activities

The Poultry Science Club sponsors
and participates in several activities each
year. Largest of these is the Florida Baby
Chick, Poultry, and Egg Show which is
held in conjunction with the Ag Fair.
The show is designed to stimulate more
interest in the production of better and
more standardized eggs for marketing
and hatching. Also stressed are factors
which determine quality and create the
desire to produce quality eggs, baby
chicks, and poults. As well as serving
as an educational feature for agricultural
students, the show also gives the buying
public an opportunity to recognize high
quality eggs, chicks, and poults.
Included in last years show was a
large exhibit of the chickens digestive
system and a small glass incubator which
was continually hatching out baby chicks.
Each fall the club sponsors a barbeque
for members of the Py 201 class, a basic
poultry course, and in the spring enter-
tains the departmental staff with an out-
ing and banquet.
Meetings of the club include talks and
discussions with outstanding speakers rep-
resenting the various fields of the poul-
try industry.
Serving the club as president this fall
will be Philip M. Armstrong. Other offi-
cers are: William Bernard Lester, Vice-
President; Don Farrens, Secretary-Treas-
urer; and Cecil Lettis, Reporter. Faculty
Advisor is N. R. Mehrhof, Head of the
Poultry Department. (Bernard Lester)



Dairy Science Club


The Dairy Science Club began its fall
activities with a student-faculty ham-
burger fry. This get-together had as its
object the acquaintance of the students
interested in dairying with the faculty of
the Dairy Science Department. Immedi-
ately following the hamburger fry an
organizational meeting was held.
The programs for the coming year are
aimed towards familarizing the dairy


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students with the dairy organizations of
the state and their programs. In addition,
several field trips are planned to out-
standing farms throughout the state. One
of the highlights of the year is the an-
nual trip to the State Fair at which time
the club members are guests at the ban-
quet of one of the Breeders Organiza-
tions.
Officers for the coming year are:
President-Paul Joyal; Vice President-
Erny Sellers; Secretary-Treasurer-Jack
Gay; Reporter-Charlie Addison.
The faculty advisor is Dr. Sidney Mar-
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THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


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* weaned pigs Prompt
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INDEX TO
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Chase and Co. 18
Circle D Ranch 19
Deere and Co. Inside Cover
Double D Ranch 17
Florida Feed and Seed Co. 15
Florida State Hatcheries, Inc ........................... ..... 21
Florida State Theaters 19
Heart Bar Ranch 20
International Harvester Back Cover
Lyons Fertilizer Co. 13
McDavid's Barber Shop 19
Miami International Hatcheries, Inc ............................ 19
Norris Cattle Co. 15
Oak Crest Hatcheries 9
Respess Grimes 17
Rush Tractor Co. 18
Southern Dolomite 17
Southern Mill Creek Products 17
Superior Fertilizer Co. 19
The College Inn 19
Wilson and Toomer 14
Winn Dixie 14


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