Title: Florida college farmer
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075980/00051
 Material Information
Title: Florida college farmer
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30cm.
Language: English
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Apr. 1930)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1960?
Numbering Peculiarities: Suspended with v. 3, no. 5 (May 1932) and resumed with Dec. 1935 issue. Suspended with v. 9, no. 4 (may 1941) and resumed with New series v. 1 (summer 1948).
General Note: Published by Agricultural students at the University of Fla.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075980
Volume ID: VID00051
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01569450
lccn - 55047167

Full Text


74 JotiAs"

Vol. 9, No. 2


r t Y p-


i" I




f u---~^^i^

thee ky, FrT t om shall bless the land

OLD GLORY is a set of
principles, a covenant of hu-
man rights, rippling in the
breeze. So long as the great
body of Americans respect the
traditions and the principles
for which Old Glory stands-
so long shall the flag be a vi-
sion of hope, a shield against
the storms.

VISIONS are elusive sometimes. But they have a way of coming down to
earth. This thing called soil conservation on the land was once a vision-
little more than the seed of an idea, the idea that farmers could work together
to solve their mutual problems. The seed proved to be remarkably viable, for
the soil conservation district idea has settled down like a protective blanket
over our good earth.
There is more than physical resemblance between a contour-stripped field
and the red and white stripes of Old Glory. The soil conservation district em-
bodies the very essence of the rights and freedoms for which our flag stands.
Cherishing those rights and freedoms, farmers have organized soil conservation
districts that are of local people, by local people, for local people.
A soil conservation district is composed of local people who see their own
problems and solve them, who see their own responsibilities and shoulder them.
They are local people doing that which they should do, voluntarily, with no
infringement of rights and liberties, with scarcely a law, rule, regulation, or tax.
The soil conservation district, in action, is literally a bit of the freedom of enter-
prise that made America a land of opportunity and abundance.
Soil improvement, through good land use, is a modern vision, a new frontier
of rural America.




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The Florida College Farmer fr to J
Volume 9, Number 2 February, 1957 ?roin O tlo 6 d)e

Richard McRae ........................ ........... Editor
Editorial Staff
Joe Brown
Ewel Hagan ......................... .. Managing Editors
Pat Close. .......................... Editorial Assistant
Club Representatives
Pat Thomas..............................Ag Economics
Steve Hudson................................. Alpha Zeta
Bob Croft .................. American Society of Agronomy
Paige Choate...................Amer. Soc. of Ag Engineers
Ted Szanyi. .................. ....... Alpha Tau Alpha
Harriet Henry .. .................. ..... Block and Bridle
Bob Mosely .................................Dairy Science
Joel Smith ............... .................. Forestry
Bobby Holmes.................. Future Farmers of America
Brant Watson ................. Newell Entomological Society
Parker Anthony................... ........Poultry Science
Fred Saunders ................................... Thyrsus
Jack Sellards ..................................... 4-H
Business Staff
Gene Mixon......................... Business Manager
Emory Weatherly .................. Assst. Business Manager
Circulation Staff
Fred Saunders .......................Circulation Manager
James Thornhil
Jack Houle
Dean Griffin .................. .... Circulation Assistants
Faculty Advisor
Dr. J. Clyde Driggers
Note of Appreciation
express their appreciation to J. Francis Cooper, extension
editor, Florida Extension Service, for his aid in obtaining
photographs for this issue of the magazine.

Entered as second class mailing matter at the Post Office at University
Sation, Gainesville, Florida, December 8, 1938, under an Act of Congress
of 1879. Fifteen cents per copy, fifty cents per year, $1.25 for three years,
$2.00 for five years. Published four times during the year: November,
January, March, and May. Address all correspondence to Florida College
Farmer, Dan McCarty Hall, Gainesville, Florida.

Content ...
Candidates for Graduation. .................. .......... 5
Meats and Livestock Judging Teams ................... 6
Introducing Drs. Beckenbach and Watkins................ 7
Little International ................................... 8
Club Articles ....................... .............. 9
Adjustments in Agriculture ................... ........ o
Reorganization of Hort. Dept ...................... .. ..
We Salute James Quincey..............................11
Soil Bank Trial in 1957 ................................ 1
Rules for Good Credit. ............................... 12
Increasing Standard of Living. ................... ..... .12
Ag. Council ...................... ..................13
Atomic Age-Farm Transition. ......................... 14

Winning University of Florida livestock judging team posed
with Dr. T. J. Cunha, head of the Department of Animal
Husbandry (seated left), and Dr. M. A Brooker, Dean of the
College of Agriculture (seated right). Standing, left to right.
are: Coach Don Wakeman, Bill Fanelli, Charles Norris, Joe
Stock, Jim Enalish. Patricia Colse, Clyo Brannen, Tommy
High, Charles Walker, Larry Cowart, and Ed Harris.

The end of every semester finds each of us saying, "I surely
hope the next semester isn't as rough and jammed with
activities as this past one has been." However, looking at the
activities calendar we find a multitude of events planned
for this semester
which include Ag.
Fair, March 22nd
and 23rd; dedica-
tion of the Ani-
mal Nutrition
Laboratory, Feb-
ruary 2 ist; Herds-
man's Shortcourse,
April iith to
l3th. Of course
these will have to
be supplemented
by events of a less
serious nature
such as Spring
Frolics. Military
Ball, Student Gov-
ernment elections,
and club outings.
to the thirty-five
January graduates RICHARD MCRAE
of the College of
Agriculture shown on the opposite page. Also. we are proud
of the members of the Livestock and Meats judging teams for
the recognition they have brought to the University and State.
This year has found the FARMER in a perilous situation due
to the increased cost of printing and the decrease of advertising
patrons. In September we faced a deficit of funds which we
have partially overcome. Subscriptions from students have
been encouraging. But, from faculty and alumni it has been
very discouraging. We students can not maintain the present
standards of this publication which is an integral part of
student life and the College of Agriculture unless subscriptions
from faculty and alumni increase. However, we are optimistic
that by your understanding of our situation, a greater spirit of
cooperation will be met by the magazine staff.
Also, office hours have been scheduled for Monday through
Thursday afternoons 1:3o-4:30 in room 30 of McCarty Hall.
The next issue will feature a salute to a nationally renowned
and respected University of Florida faculty member and another
feature will be student organizations of the College of Agri-

The FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER is the student publi-
cation from the College of Agriculture of the University of
Florida. It is compiled, edited, and distributed by students
of this college. It is the privilege of any ag. student to use
this publication as a media of expression. It is the voice of
the Florida Agricultural student.

THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER is printed by Cody Publications,
Inc., of Kissimmee, the publishers of the FLORIDA CATTLEMAN.



University of Florida

Candidates for the BSA Degree, January 26, 1957
Name Hometown Major
Wesley Jack Annis, Jr.................Atlanta, Ga. ..............Ag Engineering
Miguel Antonio Araya ................. Costa Rica ...............Ag Engineering
Chambless Lee Avera ................. Tampa ..................Ag Engineering
Ba Than Sein ........................Burma .................. Ag Engineering
O scar Bellavita .......................Costa R ica ........................ Soils
Charles Malcolm Biggar .............. Ft. Myers ................ Ag Engineering
Donald Clyde Bowen.................. Jacksonville .......... Animal Husbandry
Francis Otis Bronson.................. Venice ..................... Floriculture
Robert Joel Bullock................... Oldsmar .......................... Soils
Roy Donald Carlson ................... Lake Hamilton............... Fruit Crops
Hubert W Collins, Jr.................. Monticello ...................Entomology
Kenneth Dale Cassens..................Ft. Pierce ...........................Soils
Jack Drasko ..........................W alnut Hill................Ag Economics
Henry Otar Gotsch ................... Lake Hamilton ................ Fruit Crops
Kenneth Roscoe Graves ............... Homestead ................... Agronomy
Henry Leon Hicks, III................ Jacksonville ............. Gen. Agriculture
James R. Holtsclaw.................... Anniston, Ala. ......................Dairy
Robert Ivan Jackson, Jr.............. Lakeland .............Animal Husbandry
Doyle Carlton Jones. .................. Trenton ................. Ag Engineering
Robert Frank Jones .................. Kissimmee ...................Entomology
Jean DuVal Kane .................... Crescent City .....................Botany
Gonzalo M aldonado .................. Bolivia ........................Agronomy
John Andrew Mulrennan, Jr...........Jacksonville .................. Entomology
Earl Findley Nelson................... Orlando .....................Fruit Crops
Richard Stanhope Pike................. Belle Glade ..............Gen. Agriculture
Wesley William Schilling .............Orlando ............. Orna. & Floriculture
Patricia Ann Simmons (Miss) ........... Gainesville ............ Animal Husbandry
William Theron Simmons. ............. Plant City ............... Ag Engineering
George Samuel Sley................... Orlando ...................Ag Economics
Richard Epps Turner.................. Bradenton ............Animal Husbandry
Charles Edwin Walker ................ Gainesville ............ Animal Husbandry
Steve Campbell Walker, Jr............ Monticello ............ Animal Husbandry
W illiam Clifford W illiams............. Monticello ........................ Dairy
Fred Olan Young ................... Clewiston ............... Ag. Eng. & Soils
Gerado Zambrano ....................Colombia ...............Ag. Engineering



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eINr at rr an Livestock Judging Livestock Judging Team

Teams Enjoy Successful Year

Meat Judging Team
THE UNIVERSITY of Florida Meats Team,
the second to represent the univer-
sity since its organization in 1955 by Dr.
A. Z. Palmer, Associate Professor of Ani-
mal Husbandry, completed its 1956 acti-
vities at the International Livestock Ex-
position in Chicago. It placed ninth
amongst twenty-four contesting collegiate
teams in the Meats Judging Contest held
on November 27, 1956.
Training of the team got under way
on September 4, when the six prospective
team members, Henry Bock of Vero
Beach, Sim Blitch of Ocala, Eddie Davis
of Daytona Beach, John Emerson of Sara-
sota, Bill Reeder of Homestead, and Jay
B. Starkey of Largo met at Gainesville.
At that time, Dr. Palmer and his assis-
tant, James W. Carpenter, began their
program of instruction and workouts.
This was made possible through the co-
operation of the many local and out-of-
town meat packers who placed their facil-
ities at the team's disposal. To these men
an expression of gratitude is extended.
During the early part of the season,
the team worked out during afternoon
sessions in Gainesville at the H. R. Gert-
ner and the Sunnyland plants. Also dur-
ing this period, several day trips were
taken to the Jones-Chambliss plant at
Jacksonville and one day was spent at
the National Packing Company at Tampa.
The team gradually built up its pro-
ficiency in placing classes of beef and
pork, writing reasons for these placings,
and in carcass grading. Although but lit,
tle lamb was available, some experience
was gained at the Gertner plant and at
the university's meats laboratory.
The team's first field trip was to Tho-
masville, Georgia, in order to work on
the wide selection of carcasses and whole-
sale cuts offered at the main plant of the
Sunnyland Packing Co. At this time, a
pork carcass contest was held in conjunc-
t;on with the North Florida State Fair
at Tallahassee, which provided an op-
portunity for the team to observe the
extensive program in effect to educate
swine producers in the advantages of
raising meat type hogs.
From Thomasville, the team drove to
Ouincy, Florida, and spent a day at the
Suber-Edwards plant working out on
beef carcasses and pork cuts. Another
day was spent in the Ouincy area where
Mr. Sloane Baker, of the North Florida
Experiment Station, conducted the team

on a tour of the cattle feed lots at the
station and also those of Mr. James Love,
and the American Sumatra Tobacco Com-
pany. It was interesting to learn that cat-
tle feeding was developed in that area
because of the need for manure used to
fertilize the shade tobacco grown exten-
sively in that locality. The beef produced
was at first just a by-product.
On return from Thomasville, the team
began final preparations for the contest
at Chicago. The team members wish to
express their gratitude to the Student
Body Government and to the Block and
Bridle Club for the financial support
given to them so that the Chicago trip
was made possible.
The team left Gainesville on Novem-
ber 19 for Knoxville, where they received
the hospitality of Professor J. W. Cole of
the University of Tennessee, and Mr.
Traver of the East Tennessee Packing
Company. Professor Cole offered his time
and the facilities of his modern meats
laboratory to the team. Mr. Traver ex-
tended his generosity by placing his plant
at the team's disposal, and providing
them with a delicious luncheon.
From Tennessee, the team drove to
Lexington, Kentucky, where again they
were graciously received by Dr. James
Kemp, of the University of Kentucky,
and Mr. Kleb. Manager of the Kentucky
Independent Packing Co. It was here
that the team was first able to get an
extensive workout on lamb carcasses.
The team arrived in Chicago on
Thanksgiving day after a hearty turkey
dinner enroute. Comfortable accommo-
dations were provide' at the Morrison
Hotel. Sessions of reason writing were be-
gun the next day, and Satu"dav was taken
off for sight-seeing. It m;olht be men-
tioned that three me'bh]rs saw their
first snow on this trip. Points of interest
taken in were the Museum of Science
and Industry, the view from the top of
the Prudential Building, Cinerama, and
the stage play, "No Time For Sergants."
On Sunday, the team worked out at
the University of Illnois where Dr. B. C.
Breidenstein had provided an arrange-
ment of carcasses and cuts similar to that
of the actual contest. It was here that
the team first met some of their compe-
titors; the teams of Te-'as Tech.. Cornell,
and the University of Illinois. Mrs. Brei-
denstein graciously provided the three
visiting teams with a buffet luncheon at
her home.
On Monday, a practice session and
(Continued on page sixteen)

THE 1956 LIVESTOCK Judging Team en-
joyed a successful and rewarding
year. Fifteen students signed up for the
team which began working last spring
thrice weekly in Al 425, Advanced Live-
stock Judging. Saturday, work-outs were
held at adjacent farms and ranches to
the university. A trip was taken over the
Easter holidays to the North Fla. Exper-
iment Station in Quincy, and to the Ga.
Costal Plains Experiment Station in Tif-
ton. Many classes of cattle and hogs were
judged over that week-end! In April the
Block and Bridle Club Livestock Judg-
ing Contest results determined to a
great extent which students made the
spring team.
Two teams, composed of five students
each, were taken by Coach D. L. Wake-
man to the S.E.C. Spring Judging Con-
test, April 27, at the Virginia Polytechnic
Institute at Blacksburg, Va.
Team members were: Larry Cowart,
Center Hill, Clyo Brannen, Gainesville,
Pat Close, Miami, Jim English, Alva,
Bill Fanelli, Reddick, James (Ebby) Har-
ris, Marianna, Tommy High, Fairfield,
Joe Stock, Interlachen, Charles Walker,
Gainesville. and Charles Norris, Tavares.
The team left for V.P.I. on April 22
and arrived in Blackburg, April 26. Work-
outs were held on the trip at the Univer-
sities of Ga. and Tenn., Clemson College,
and several stock farms including the
Rock Hereford Farm in Thomaston, Ga.,
and Kefauver Bros. Angus Farm in Jones-
boro, Tenn. For several boys it was the
first time they had been further north
than Georgia. The drive through Smoky
Mt. National Park was enjoyed by every-
one, especially those who had never seen
In the contest, the two Fla. teams
ranked fifth and sixth out of the 1a teams
competing. The Fla. A team was high in
Angus cattle and in over-all cattle points.
The same students on the two spring
teams reported back to Gainesville on
Sept. 5 to begin work-outs for the fall
contests. On Sept. 18 the teams left for
Memphis and held work-outs enroute at
Miss. State Colleve. KA Duroc Ranch,
Clarksdale, Miss.. and Double E and Cir-
cle M Hereford Farms in Senatobia, Miss.
While in Senatobia, the students had the
delightful experience of eating dinner at
Mrs. Moore's Boardine House which
boasts "all you can eat for one dollar."
Mrs. Moore certainly lost money that
In the Intercollegiate Tudpino Contest
at Memphis, held in roniunction with
the Mid-South Fair on Sept. 22. The Fla.
"A" team won too honors. while the Fla.
"B" team placed third. The A team was
(Cont;n"idr on hbge sixteen)




fin lrodudnq

Dr. J. R. Beckenbach

TODAY, WE as students in agriculture
find that farming has come to mean
much more than simply tillage of the
soil. Indeed, we find agriculture as an
industry of food and crop production.
We, as college students, have many rea-
sons for giving thanks to those who have
done so much to make our agriculture a
practical scientific method.
The Florida Agricultural Experiment
Station is the backbone to research and
improvement in the field of agriculture,
and the backbone of the Experiment
Station is its director, Dr. Joseph Riley
Beckenbach. Dr. Beckenbach is truly ty-
pical of that "new look in agriculture,"
for he is a devoted agriculturist in the
field of research and experimentation.
Dr. Beckenbach was born in Cleveland,
Ohio on May 3, 19o8. He received his
elementary and secondary education in
Cleveland. He received his A.B. in bio-
logy from Antioch College in 1932. Dur-
ing the summers of 1927-19g2, Becken-
bach worked as a student assistant at the
Ohio Ag. Experiment Station and with
the Kittering Foundation for photosyn-
thesis research. In 1933 he received his
M.S. in horticulture from Ohio State Un-
iversity, after which he was a research
agent for the U.S.D.A. He received his
Ph. D. in Plant Physiology at Rutgers Un-
iversity in 1937. He then came to Florida
and joined the Everglades Experiment
Station Staff in Belle Glade as an asso-
ciate truck horticulturist.
Dr. Beckenbach was in charge of the
Gulf Coast Experiment Station at Brad-
enton from 1939 to 1950. While at Brad-
enton he demonstrated outstanding
leadership in being able to organize and
direct research. The Gulf Coast Station
became noted for performance and me-
thod of operation, and was one of the

Dr. Marshall Watkins

best branch stations.
On May 1, 1950, Dr. Beckenbach be-
came assistant director of the University
of Florida Agricultural Experiment Sta-
tion, and on July 1, 1955, he became
director, succeeding Willard M. Fifield,
who is now Provost of Agriculture.
In all fields of agriculture, Dr. Becken-
bach is a leader and a hard, efficient
worker. He has done much research on
nutrition and breeding of vegetable crops
and has published many bulletins and
scientific journals on this subject.
Recently, at the meeting of the Land
Grant College Association in Washington,
Dr. Beckenbach was named to represent
the Southern Experiment Station Direc-
tors in an advisory capacity to the Presi-
dent's commission on the crop utilization
research program.
Dr. Beckenbach is a member of Sigma
Xi, Gamma Sigma Delta, Phi Epsilon
Phi, is past president of the Bradenton
Rotary Club and is a present member
of the Gainesville Rotary Club.
Still a young man, Dr. Beckenbach is
sure to go even further into that new,
wide open and never ending field of agri-
culture. We as students and future agri-
culturists, are fortunate in having men
of this calibre to lead us by means of
research and experimentation.
We, the "College Farmer," on behalf
of the students in the College of Agri-
culture, salute you, Dr. Joseph Riley
Beckenbach, for your contribution to
our education.

-# -r -r

INDEPENDENCE DAY, July 4, 1913, is the
birth date of the Director of the Flor-
ida Agricultural Extension Service, Dr.
Marshall 0. Watkins. He is a native of

Florida, having been born at Knights, in
Hillsborough County, near Plant City,
on a citrus and vegetable farm.
Dr. Watkins attended Plant City High
School graduating in 1931. While in high
school he was very active in the Future
Farmers of America. He was awarded
the Florida Planter Degree in 1930 and
served as president of the Plant City
He received the degree of Bachelor of
Sceince in Agriculture from the Univer-
sity of Florida in 1935 majoring in Agron-
omy. During his college career Dr. Wat-
kins served on the Honor Court, was a
member of the Ag Club, Alpha Zeta, and
the Alpha Gamma Rho social Fraternity.
Also, Dr. Watkins is a member of Gamma
Sigma Delta, and Epsilon Sigma Phi,
honorary and professional fraternities.
He joined the staff of the Agricultural
Extension Service January 21, 1937, as
assistant in Agricultural Conservation at
Plant City. On January i, 1941, he be-
came County Agent in Marion County.
During World War II he served three
years in the United States Navy and
spent a year each in the Atlantic and
Pacific Theaters as a navigator on the
USS Santee. He was separated from ser-
vice as a lieutenant.
After his tour with the navy Dr. Wat-
kins was appointed as Assistant to the
Director of Extension in December, 1945.
His title was changed to Assistant Direc-
tor in July, 1950.
Dr. Watkins received his Master of
Agriculture Degree from the University
of Florida in 1948, with his course work
for this degree taken while working full
He took a leave of absence from the
extension service during 1950-1951 to
work on his doctorate at Harvard Uni-
(Continued on page seventeen)



Successful Little International is One of

Many Activities of Block and Bridle Club

IN SPITE of the first cold snap of the
year, The 18th Annual Little Inter-
national Livestock Show was the first
project of the year for the Block and
Bridle Club. It was held at the Univer-
sity Livestock Pavilion, November 9, at
7:00 p.m.
Tommy High, who did an excellent

job as Master of Ceremonies, introduced
the judges-Lamar Reynolds and Jim
Dollahan with referee judge, Jack Stokes,
for sheep. A. Phillips and referee judge
Earl Collins for swine, and Azel Lewis
as cattle judge with Don Wakeman as
referee judge for cattle. The show ran
smoothly and on time due to the good
work of Show Manager Don Smith and

Champion Hog Showman, Clyo Brannon, left, Club Advisor Dr. Hal Wallace, center; and
Reserve Champion Showman Ray Creel.

Champion Sheep Showman Eddy Nix, left; Second, Fay Warner; and Third, Bob Greenwald.


Ring Master Don Bowen.
Each pledge had to make a halter as
a pledge duty. The contest for the best
made halter was held before the show
with Phil Levi first, and Calvin Lloyd
The results of the livestock classes are
as follows:
Class No. i, Swine-i, Bob O'Bannon;
2, Jim Hill; 3, Joe Stock.
Class No. 2, Swine-i, Clyo Brannon;
2, Ray Creel; 3, Margo Steinman.
Class No. 3 Champion showman of
swine-Clyo Brannon; Reserve champion,
Ray Creel.
Class No. 4, Angus Heifers-i, Herb
Prevatt; 2, Don Steger; 3, Ken Rauth.
Class No. 5, Hereford Heifers--, Mario
Nufio; 2, Sonny Craddock.
Class No. 6, Sheep-i, Ed Nix; 2, Fay
Warner; 3, Bob Greenwald.
Class No. 7, Champion Showman of
cattle-Herb Prevatt; Reserve champion,
Don Steger.
A square dance was held after the Lit-
tle International with Fred Bishop and
his band furnishing music.
Recently at the National Block and
Bridle Club meeting in Chicago, the U.
of Florida chapter received 4th place on
their scrapbook of the past year's events.
After thoroughly enjoying the Home-
coming activities and serving at the Legis-
lators Banquet, The Block and Bridle
Club is now busy making plans for the
annual field trip to be held early in
second semester. This trip is to be a four
day trip to the various Florida ranches
and feeding operations.

NEARLY 10 percent of the total U. S.
labor force is engaged in the job of
getting food from the farmer to the
consumer. The task provides direct em-
ployment for about 5 million workers,
and the bill in 1955 from the time food
products left the farm until they were
sold at retail was $32 billion.

Mother: "Before you get serious with
that boy friend of yours, be sure he is
always kind and considerate."
Daughter: "Oh, I'm sure of that,
mother. Why only the other day he told
me that he put his shirt on a horse that
was scratched".

Any time is the right time to eliminate
trash and rubbish around the farm to
avoid costly fires.


20th Annual Forestry Field

Day Held December 14th

THE 20TH ANNUAL Forestry Field Day
was held Friday, December 14 at
Austin Cary Memorial Forest and was
one of the most successful held yet.
The afternoon's events got underway
with a series of skill taxing contests, pre-
sided over by Prof. P. W. Frazier who
acted as field judge. The contests in-
cluded were log sawing, log chopping,
chain throwing, tree height and diameter
estimation, compass and pacing, and bait
casting. The winners of each event were
awarded points which accumulated as
the contests were held, and at the end
of the day the person having the highest
total number of points was declared
grand winner. The grand winners for the
day were as follows: First place Joel
Smith, Second place Leon "Fuzz" Tolar
and third place Woody Haines. There
were sixteen winners all total and each
winner was awarded one of many fine
prizes donated by tool, equipment, and
pulp companies. In addition to the above
contests there were also two contests held
for the ladies present. These consisted of
a rolling pin throw and pine cone esti-
mating. The rolling pin throw was won
by Mrs Don Post, and the pine cone
estimating was won by Miss Joan Kauf-
Following the contests a delicious meal
was prepared and served by super chef
Tom Herndon and his assistants Louis
Whitacre, Dave Jacobs, Jim Rogers and
Don Patton. The meal consisted of bar-
becue chicken, baked beans, salad, coffee
and doughnuts. Afterwards prizes were
awarded to the day's winners bringing to
a close a most enjoyable day.
All in all the Field Day was thoroughly
enjoyed by all who attended and served

Dairy Science Club
IN THE mad rush of before Christmas
exams the members of the Dairy
Science Club took Friday off for an after-
noon of relaxation and enjoyment in the
form of a BBQ at the Mosley's farm. The
BBQ was prepared in real country style
over oak coals by Hilda Mosley, who pre-
pared the rest of the meal including
home made rolls. Mrs. H. H. Wilkowskie
made the cakes which were served with
ice cream. It was in buffet style and
every one sat on the lawn to eat. As the
sun set the Moseley's house was invaded.
Honored guests were Dr. and Mrs. Fouts
and son, head of the dairy department,
and Dr. and Mrs. H. H. Wilkowskie and
3 children, faculty advisory to the club.

as a day of fine forestry fellowship. The
entire School of Forestry is now looking
forward to the field day of '57 and an-
other day of fine fellowship.

Collegiate F.F.A.
THE LOCAL Collegiate Chapter of
Future Farmers of America recently
approved their program of work for the
coming year, with keen interest shown
by all members, and a ioo per-cent par-
ticipation by all members anticipated.
The local chapter serves as a further-
ment of the ideals and principles of Vo-
cational Agriculture, as taught in school
and brought here to college. The F. F. A.
Chapter here at the University is made
up of men who were active in F. F. A
work in school and have an interest in
keeping with the F. F. A. program, and
enjoy the fellowship the organization
provides. The Chapter not only provides
training for students who are majoring
in Vocational Agriculture but gives a
chance for all students interested in Ag-
riculture to get together and keep abreast
in the advancement of Agriculture.
Students majoring in Vocational Agri,
culture receive valuable training, under
the direction of Mr. W. T. Loften,
through their intern teaching. This gives
the student an opportunity to learn how
(Continued on page seventeen)

Poultry Science Club
THE POULTRY Science Club is having
another interesting and active semes-
ter. Along with other members of the
Agricultural Council, Poultry Science
has participated in a number of projects
and activities, including the Ag Barbecue
and turkey shoot.
We are now planning a barbecue for
the poultry staff, poultry majors and
those interested in the field of Poultry
Husbandry. Also, we have started mak-
ing plans for our annual Baby Chick and
Egg Show which will be held in March.
To date we have had two interesting
speakers, Professor N. R. Mehrhof, Head
of the Poultry Husbandry Department,
who sooke on the possibilities and op-
portunities in the poultry industry and
Mr. Robert Adler of the Florida State
Hatcheries, who spoke on the hatchery
business today.
We feel that we are off to a good start
this year and anticipate many more acti-

T HYRSUS HAS included in their year's
activities, a short course in home
landscaping and gardening, given by stu-
dent members of the club. The course
included planting and care of ornamen-
tals, citrus for Gainesville, lawn grasses
for Florida, Christmas decorating and
planters, vegetable gardening and food
preservation. Such information is both
useful and interesting to homeowners and
it is hoped that the short course will be-
come an annual event. A camellia plant,
an azalea plant and a bag of citrus fruit
were given away as door prizes.
Students who are interested in any
phase of horticulture are invited to at-
tend the meeting of Thyrsus. Guest
speakers are sponsored at the meeting
and their presentations include a variety
of interesting subjects in the field of

Agricultural Economics Club
YOUNG MEN in any phase of learning
need an increasing amount of guid-
ance and counsel regarding the problems
which will be facing them in a few years.
The members and advisors of the Agri-
cultural Economics Club have recognized
this need and have taken steps to enhance
their knowledge of the existing situations
and develop reasons underlying these
Dr. H. G. Hamilton, Head of the
Agricultural Economics Department, met
with us at the beginning of the school
semester and gave us a clearer insight
into the different phases of the depart-
ment. With the help of Dr. Hamilton,
our capable chapter advisors, Dr. Mar-
shall Godwin and Dr. G. L. Capel, and
also Mr. Chuck Covey and Mr. Cliff Jones,
we have obtained other prominent speak-
ers for our meetings.
Another interesting program was a
panel discussion led by Mr. W. K. Mc-
Pherson, Mr. Clifford Alston, and Dr.
Marshall Godwin. The discussion pointed
out the liaison between the branches of
education, extension service, and experi-
mental services.
A topic which is always of interest to
agriculturally minded persons is the soil
bank program. We were fortunate in se-
curing Mr. Eugene Boyles, Director of
the A.S.C. and his Alachua County Dir-
ector, Mr. Marvin Whitten, to discuss
with us this new proposal of crop surplus
and soil conservation.
Dean M. A. Brooker and Dr. Jack
Greenman recently discussed with our
club the procedure for counseling and
guiding students through a college curri-
culum. Dean Brooker has instituted a
(Continued on page seventeen)



Major Adjustments In

Agriculture Should Be

Finished In Few Years

U. S. Department of Agriculture econo-
mists now think the major adjust-
ments in agriculture should be pretty
well made in the next five or so years.
They believe that increasing consumption
is going to catch up with surplus supplies
which have plagued American farmers for
a decade and a half.
The economists say a growing popula-
tion and an expanding economy promise
that eventually demand for U. S. farm
products will catch up with the bountiful
supply that modern practices have made
possible. But it will take at least five years,
maybe longer.
Most parents have had the experience
of trying to get a little child to eat more
than he seems to want-more of things
that are "good for him." His demand
never seems to match the supply of whole-
some food provided. Then, suddenly,
when further effort seems futile, nature
takes care of the problem by transform-
ing the child into a voracious teen-ager
with an appetite equal to any surplus
Roughly the same sort of situation
exists in regard to eating up U. S. farm
surpluses. The appetite of our population
can be expected to grow as time passes,
but we can't be sure how long it will take
to catch up with supply. The economists
think it will probably take at least five
years, but it may take longer, depending
upon the speed with which farmers make
some necessary adjustments and the ex-
tent to which further adoption of im-
proved farm methods may increase sup-
Meantime, they say we can expect con-
tinuation of the trend toward commercial-
ization of agriculture because of the need
for high cash outlays and high invest-
ments for farming. Small farms will con-
tinue to be consolidated, and agricultural
products will be supplied by fewer but
larger farms. Low-income farm people
can be expected to move in increasing
numbers into nonfarm jobs, with a re-
sulting improvement in agricultural in-
comes and a better balance between peo-
ple and resources remaining in agricul-
The economists say the long-term is
optimistic, once we work our way out of
the current surplus situation. A success-
ful soil bank program to remove some
acreage from surplus crop production,
continued development of foreign mar-
kets, and government disposal programs
will help us toward the accomplishment
of this goal.

THE J. W. SHIPPMAN Foundation has
set aside a $1600 annual scholarship
fund exclusively for students majoring
in Agricultural Engineering. This money
is made available in four scholarships, a
$500 and a $300 for senior students and
a similar grant for junior students.
Those receiving the grants this year
were seniors, C. P. Choate and K. B.
Ray, and juniors, J. Lambert and P. M.

American Society of

Agricultural Engineers

THE AMERICAN Society of Agricultural
Engineers under the able leadership
of President Charles Choate and the fine
guidance of Professor Rush Choate has
had one of the most successful semesters
since the chapter was founded.
Many interesting programs have been
presented and the members have en-
joyed hearing such speakers as Mr. G.
H. W. Schmidt, Vice-president and Gen-
eral Manager of Florida Ford Tractor &
Implement Co., and Mr. Moore, General
Sales Manager, John Deere Plow Co. in
We had a fine steak barbecue with
french fries, salad, and all the trimmings
out at the Mill hop. After chow we all
enjoyed singing some fine old country
songs with music provided by Bruce Ray,
who plays a mean guitar. We plan to
have another get-together next semester
so all you potential Ag. Engineers be sure
to come on down and see us.
The high point of our activity this
semester was the construction of our
Home coming float. Many hours of labor
by the club members plus a swell idea
by Prof. Joe Richardson brought roars
of laughter and many compliments by
all who saw it,-All but the judges any-
way and although we didn't win any
trophies we feel the building of our float
gave us a lot of good experience and a
feeling of pride in our club.
The American Society of Agricultural
Engineers is composed of students from
the College of Agriculture and the Col-
lege of Engineering who are pursuing a
degree in Agricultural Engineering. Any-
one in these curricula are cordially in-
vited to loin. Meetings are held the first
and third Monday of each month in
room i, Ag. Engineering Building, at
7:30 p.m.

On United States farms there are 49
million tractors, 41 million cars, 2
million trucks, 960,ooo grain combines,
66o,ooo mechanical corn pickers and
740,000 milking machines.

Reorganization of
Horticulture Department

THE HORTICULTURE Department at the
University of Florida has been re-
organized into four separate departments.
They are: Fruit Crops Department with
Dr. J. W. Sites as acting Head, Vegetable
Crops Department with Dr. F. S. Jamison
as Head, Ornamental Horticulture De-
partment, Headed by Dr. E. W. McElwee,
and Department of Food Technology and
Nutrition with Dr. R. A. Dennison as
The Department of Food Technology
and Nutrition was formerly the Depart-
ment of Home Economics in the Agri-
cultural Experiment Station. Courses
in fruit and vegetables processing are now
included in this Department along with
the field of research in human nutrition.
These courses were formerly taught un-
der the Horticulture Department.
The Fruit Crops, Ornamental Horticul-
ture, and Vegetable Crops Departments
will continue to offer the same courses
in their respective fields that were offered
by the Horticulture Department. In the
near future, these Departments plan to
expand their curriculum to better train
students in their fields of endeavor.
The reorganization was brought about
because the old Horticulture Department
was so large and so extensive in scope
that it was very difficult for one depart-
ment head to administer it effectively,
and because the state's horticulture in-
dustry is so large and so valuable. Crops
which were included in the old Horticul-
ture Department accounted for almost
70 percent of the gross value of the
state's agricultural products in 1954-55
State Universities in California and New
York have reorganized their horticulture
departments along the same lines as the
University of Florida. These two states
have horticultural industries of about,
the same importance as Florida's. The
reorganization was made in order to bet-
ter serve the students, the State and its
Horticultural industry.

Voter: "Why I wouldn't vote for you if,
you were St. Peter himself."
Candidate: "If I were St. Peter you could-
n't vote for me-you wouldn't be in my

Teacher: "Students, make a list of the
S1 most important Americans. Now read
your list, Jimmy."
Jimmy: "I'm not quite finished yet.
teacher-can't decide on the fullback."

Florida ranks 21st in live weight pro-
duction of swine.




We Salute

James Quincey



THIS IS the story of a young man. It
could be any young man in any part
of the United States. But this is the story
of a young farmer-a young farmer who
could live in the East, West, North, or
South. This is also a success story; the
success of a young farmer that could be
any young farmer with ambition.
This story is of a certain man living
here in Florida and a student here at
the University of Florida who is none
other than James Quincey. Jim was born
on March 26, 1936 in Trenton, Florida,
and has called that home ever since. He
has been raised on his father's farm and
has been a farmer from the very begin-
Jim began his ambitions and long string
of achievements when he was quite young.
When only in the eighth grade in gram-
mar school he was elected Reporter for
his F. F. A. Chapter in Gilchrist County.
This started him on a trek in F. F. A.
that has been a constant project and a
source of numerous accomplishments, the
source of finding many new friendships,
as well as a means of livelihood to sup-
port his college education.
After his work as Chapter Reporter
and continuous hard work in F.F.A. work
he was elected Chapter President of the
Trenton Chapter for two consecutive years.
His F.F.A. work became almost an obses-
sion with him and he gave his all-out
efforts to the worthy organization. Jim's
efforts were rewarded, for in 1954 he re-
ceived his State Farmer's Degree. This
only gave more fuel to the flame and in
1954 he was elected Vice-President of the
F.F.A. for the State of Florida-having
lost the Presidency on the third ballot.
Jim had started this long pull to the
top with comparatively little capital and
few assets which consisted of to acres of
corn, to acres of peanuts, I hog, and 12
acres of watermelons.
Jim now has a father-son partnership
with his dad, Mr. Stacy Quincey and
together they run 470 acres of farm in
Gilchrist County. His individual project
last year was I interest in 52 acres of

watermelons, so head of beef cattle, a
50-50 partnership in 8 sows, 40 acres of
corn and 15 acres of sweet lupine. This
was a big step from his beginning as a
farmer in 1949.
One would say that this was surely a
fine success for so young a man, but
this is by no means the end of James
Quincey's story. In 1956 Jim had bestowed
upon him the honor of receiving the
American Farmer Degree, a national award
given to only the highest and most out-
standing F.F.A. members. Yet this is still
not the end of Jim's F.F.A. achievements.
In 1956 Jim was elected by F.F.A. men
from all over the country as National
Vice-President of Future Farmers of Amer-
ica representing the Southern Region.
Truly this in itself is a crowning glory for
our Florida man, a beloved resident of
Gilchrist County. Who knows how much
further Jim will go in F.F.A. work?
Though the Future Farmers of Amer-
ica are the source of many of Jim's a-
chievements, it is by no means the only
one. He was selected as a Congressional
Page to serve Congressman Charles Ben-
nett in Washington. Jim was voted the
outstanding student in Trenton High
School in 1954, and was elected as State
President of the National Beta Club.
Jim was active in sports in high school
and was selected All-Conference in foot-
ball, All-State in basketball, and received
the Chilian Nitrate Leaderships Award.
Jim won the Farm Bureau Scholarship
to the University of Florida for the out-
standing son of a Farm Bureau member,
and in the fall of 1954, he began his col-
lege education.
While at the University of Florida,
Jim's winning personality and ambitious
way continued to blossom, and he accepted
an invitation to become a member of the
Alpha Gamma Rho social fraternity, of
which he is at present an officer. He was
also tapped for Block and Bridle pledge-
ship, and was Assistant Editor for the
College Farmer.
In 1956, he won the Southern Baptist
Better Speaker's Tournament. Jim has

been guest speaker at many conventions
both state and nation wide, and his abil-
ity to hold an audience is very well
Jim is an Animal Husbandry major here
at the University of Florida, and a mem-
ber of the class of 1958. He is also a mem-
ber of the Florida Farm Bureau and
Gilchrist County Cattlemen's Association.
There seems to be a never-ending abil-
ity in James Quincey to better himself
for his God, country, state and home. His
achievements seem to flow and all of his
acquaintances hope that they do; for to
be an acquaintance of Jim's is to be a
We, here on the COLLEGE FARMER Staff,
salute Jim Quincey and wish him the
success that he is destined to become.

Tenderness In Meat

Is Partly Inherited
NEXT TIME yOU saw on a tough steak
or chop, refrain from cursing the
steer or hog that provided it. The seat
of the problem may have been a non-
tender mother or daddy.
Tenderness of meat is inherited, USDA
researchers claim, and can be passed on
to succeeding generations through selec-
tive breeding.
Ways to develop a quick, reliable test
for tenderness that can be used on live
animals are being eyed. One method is
the laboratory examination of live muscle
tissue from animals. Those animals that
prove to be tender could be saved for
breeding stock.
So far at Beltsville, Maryland, rabbits
and beef cattle are getting the tenderness



Soil Bank To Get Real

Trial In 1957 In Effort

To Improve Conditions

THE SOIL Bank program is going into
its second year and is facing its big-
gest opportunity. This year should prove
its worth, whether it be a valuable asset
to farm people throughout the country
or one of less value. There is considerable
likelihood that it, along with other farm
programs, will be modified by Congress
this year.
Despite its late start in 1956, the Soil
Bank program made an "encouraging
start" in both Acreage Reserve and Con-
servation Reserve. The Department of
Agriculture says United States farmers
placed 1,300,000 acres in the Conservation
Reserve and 2,300oo,ooo in the Acreage
Reserve last year.
Plans for the 1957 Acreage Reserve
have been announced and slightly more
tha- $800,000 has been set aside for
Florida Farmers who may participate. Ap-
plications will be accepted from late Jan-
uary to March i for cotton and tobacco
and to March 8 for rice growers. The
favorable supply and demand situation
has caused peanuts and extra long staple
cotton to be omitted from the 1956 Acre-
age Reserve program.
The rights of tenants and sharecrop-
pers are to be protected, and only land
suitable for production of the commodity
covered by an agreement will be eligible
for designation in the Acreage Reserve.
In spite of advancing costs for the things
they buy, farm people have been faced
with slight losses or no improvement in
prices for things they sell, thus being in
a well known cost-price squeeze. In the
past, such squeezes have been disastrous,
but the farm population is an ever-lower
and lower percentage of the total popu-
lation and its welfare doesn't loom as
large as it did in the total economy of
the country.
But farm people, city people and gov-
ernment workers all hope that 1957 will
be a better year for the country's farm

Florida poultrymen produce about 55
percent of the eggs, 50 percent of the
poultry meat and 20 percent of the tur-
key meat consumed in the state.

"Do you like your new governess, Jimmy?"
"No ma'am; I hate her. I'd like to grab
her and bite her on the neck like daddy

Superphosphate can be used very ef-
fectively to help control odors and damp
litter in poultry houses.

Better ideas of soil management and
widespread acceptance of the value
of fertilizer and lime have played a dom-
inant role in increasing agricultural pro-
ductivity in this country since World War
II. Farmers today use more than four
times as much fertilizer as in the years
preceding World War II.

Follow Simple Rules

To Build And Retain

Good Credit Ratings
ALMOST EVERYBODY has to borrow money
at some time or other, and farming
is no exception. Credit today is more
essential than ever before to successful
farming, since farming has become mech-
anized and expensive. Consequently,
farmers should consider credit as one of
their production tools and strive to build
and maintain excellent credit ratings.
It goes without saying that credit is
easier for those who are considered good
risks. Here are a few rules suggested by
Successful Farming for building and
maintaining a good credit standing.
You establish a credit rating by bor-
rowing money-and paying it back.
Get your credit from specialists-such
as commercial banks, Federal Land Banks,
insurance companies, Production Cre-
dit Associations, and other recognized
sources of farm credit.
Use the right kind of credit-short-term
for current expenses and long-term for
buying land or making capital improve-
Plan ahead on your credit needs. That
means planning ahead on your entire
farming operation so you'll know how
much money you'll need-and when.
Borrow to make or save money. There's
not much point in borrowing unless it
will increase your net profit.
Plan the use of loan funds with your
Be frank with your lender.
Work out a repayment plan for every
loan-one that will let you repay from
operating income.
Meet your payments when due.
Avoid accumulating debts in several
Take an annual inventory. It's just as
important in farming as in any other bus-
iness to take stock of your financial
position periodically. A yearly inventory
will tell you whether you are making pro-
gress in your farm business and help you
to plan ahead. And it will provide the
necessary information that your lender is
sure to want.

With Better Incomes,

Families Increasing

Standards of Living
ITTH MORE money to spend, Americans
Share "doing what comes natural"-in-
creasing their standard of living and en-
joying more of the comforts and luxuries
of life. There has been a steady increase
in income per person after taxes, and
Americans are using a substantial part
of this extra return to buy more of the
goods and services that make for better
The economists have figured that per
capital disposable income in 1955 was 15
percent above the 1948 level in constant
dollars-that is, after adjustment is made
for changes in the value of the dollar. In
other words, the average consumer in
1955 had $1.15 in buying power for every
dollar the 1948 consumer had.
But all goods and services for sale have
not benefited equally from this increased
consumer buying power. Food and auto
mobiles have made out especially well in
attracting consumer dollars. This indi-
cates some shift in taste and preferences,
at the expense of such things as clothing
and public transportation.
Most of the increase in expenditures
for food is for more expensive types of
food, rather than larger quantities. Com-
pared with 1948, the more expensive diet
of 1955 included more meat, less potatoes,
more frozen fruits and vegetables and le's
fresh, dried, and canned fruits and veg-
etables. Some of the increased expendi-
ture was for more meals eaten away from
To illustrate other improvements in
family living standards, the percent of
families owning automobiles increased
from 54 percent in 1948 to 73 percent in
1956. Percentage of electrically wired
homes with mechanical refrigerators in-
creased from 77 to 94 percent; homes
with washing machines went up from 67
to 84 percent.

The farm population of the United
States has been decreasing about 600
thousand a year since 1949. Farmers who
remained on the land achieved record
breaking harvests on about the same
acreage and with 30 percent less

A slow talking country girl met a fast
talking city man, and before she could
tell him she wasn't that kind of a girl,
she was.

Resolve to keep the whole year bright
by making your home safe, as well as
livable and happy.



Student Agricultural Council Is Having a Busy Year

THE STUDENT Agricultural Council,
which is composed of the president,
or one other officer of each departmental
club and the student government repre-
sentatives of the College of Agriculture,
has had a very busy schedule this year
and has been successful in its many ac-
At the beginning of the year, the offi-
cers met with Dr. Bob Vilece at his home
and started plans for the annual Ag Bar-
beque honoring freshmen who planned
to study in the field of agriculture.
The barbeque was held at the Live-
stock Pavilion on October 29 and was at-
tended by approximately six hundred
students, faculty members and visitors.
Each club handled a specific part of the
affair and pledges of the Alpha Gamma
Rho fraternity served the meal. The pro-
gram included a welcome to the fresh-
men by Dean Marvin Brooker; College
Farmer awards given to Editor Richard





Sponsored Again By

Alpha Zeta


22 and 23

Ag. Engineering Building


McRae and Circulation Manager Fred
Saunders by Provost Willard Fifield; and
presentation of the Alpha Zeta scholar-
ship and leadership award to George Coo-
per by Steve Hudson. An Award of Merit
was to have been given to President Reitz
for his outstanding services to the Agri-
culture of Florida. Since he was unable to
attend, it was presented to him in his of-
fice by the officers of the Council.
On Homecoming morning the members
of the Council acted as guides for tours
about McCarty Hall by alumni who were
attending the Alumni Coffee Hour. They
performed the same service in addition
to giving out programs at the dedication
service for McCarty Hall.
The Eleventh Annual Turkey Shoot,
which is a joint undertaking with the
Rifle Team was another successful event.
This was held prior to the Thanksgiving
holiday and was a financial success.
The Ag Economics club sold more tick-
ets per member than any other club
represented in the council.
Upon inquiry by several students con-
cerning the placement service of the Col-
lege, the Ag Council undertook a study
of the present set up. Also the group had
as their guest at a meeting in January Mr.
Maurice Mayberry of the University Place-

ment Service. Mr. Mayberry explained
the workings of his service and also told
us what was being done in other colleges
of this University. With all of this infor-
mation, the Council sent a letter contain-
ing six recommendations to the Dean.
An unfinished undertaking of the or-
ganization is the revision of the present
constitution. This is being done to give
the Council and the students of the Col-
lege more control over and closer con-
tact with the College Farmer, and to
create a closer bond between the clubs
Religion in Life Week activities for the
College were planned and carried out as
another activity of the Council. It was
held February 11-14 with the main event
being on the Ilth at which Dr. Stewart,
Dean of College of Arts and Sciences at
Stetson University gave the main address.
This event was held in the McCarty Hall
With only three more months left in
this school year, there is much yet to be
done. With the continued splendid co-
operation and willingness to work as
shown by the members of each club
and the members of the Agricultural
Council they will accomplsih everything
they undertake.

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Fertilizer gives Growers
Florida Favorite Fertilizer is different. It is
specially formulated for YOU the grower. There's
no hit or miss with FFF Brand. Florida Favorite
Fertilizer is made by men who know Florida crops
and soils. This means top yields and quality from
each acre you plant.
A fleet of 15 trailer
truck units giving com-
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field service is standing
ready to serve you. This
direct Fertilizer service
to the field, grove or
pasture will save you
time and money. Try
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and dry...and it stays that way in all kinds
of weather. V-C Fertilizer stays in good con-
dition, when stored in a dry building.
When you distribute V-C Fertilizer, every
plant in your field gets its full share of V-C's
better plant foods. Your crop comes up to
a good stand...makes healthy growth...
develops a strong root system...has vigor to
resist disease and adverse weather...and
produces abundant yields.

Virginia-Carolina Chemical Corporation

Atomic Age May Bring
Fantastic Changes In
All Phases of Farming
W HILE THE atomic age is already here,
it has not yet made its full imprint
on farming or changed the farming pic-
ture anything like it will probably do in
only a few years more. Changes which
seem fantastic are now believed to be
closer to realization than was believed
only a very few years ago.
Radiation is already being used in
studies with both animals and plants.
The scientists have learned much about
life processes simply by tagging some min-
eral elements and feeding them to ani-
mals or plants, and then following their
progress with Geiger counters or other
sensitive devices.
Radiation also has been used to induce
changes in plant structure and develop
new varieties of crops. Through the ap-
plication of radiation to plant genetics,
scientists now are compressing into two
or three years what would have taken a
century of laborious plant breeding and
selection to accomplish.
They are thinking of applying the same
principle to animal breeding-in fact, are
already exposing mice to atomic radiation
to learn more about its effect in animal
breeding. Our cattle, sheep and other
livestock of the future may wear a new
look. We may develop hogs that are resis-
tant to erysipelas, cattle that defy bru-
cellosis and hot weather, and sheep that
produce improved wools.
Male screwworm flies made sterile by
irradiation already have been used to
wipe out the screwworm fly pest from
an island off the coast of South America.
The Department of Agriculture is consid-.
ering trying the same plan to eradicate

the pest from Florida and the Southeast.
The female fly breeds only once, and if
she mates with a sterile male all her eggs
will be sterile. Department people are
even considering the use of male-sterile
flies to endeavor to wipe out the Medi-
terranean fruit fly, if it is not eradicated
in the program now under way. They
say this one will be more difficult.
Atomic energy is not as far along yet.
but is on the way. Suitcase-size atomic
engines may provide power for crop pro-
duction, grove and field spraying, irriga-
tion and other uses-handling grain,
grinding feed, cleaning the barn and a
hundred other chores.
It is not beyond the realm of possi
ability that atomic sky trucks will make the
whole world a potential market for all
products of Florida farms. Perishables
harvested here one clay may be sold the
next clay in South Africa, Siam or Aus-

Permanent Pasture,
Rotated Plots Both
Yield Good Grazing
DAIRY-CATTLE grazing studies to deter-
mine the relative merits of perma-
nent pastures and crop-and-pasture rota-
tions showed no clearcut superiority of
one over the other, the U. S. Department
of Agriculture reports in a new technical
Orchardgrass and Ladino clover in 5-
year rotation with corn and wheat out-
yielded permanent pastures of Kentucky
bluegrass and white clover under below-
normal rainfall conditions during the
third, fourth, and fifth years of the ro-
tation. However, for the full 5-year test
period at the Department's Agricultural
Research Center, Beltsville, Md., the ro-

station pastures yielded only 5.3 percent
more dry matter and 5.8 percent more
TDN (total digestible nutrients) than
the permanent pasture.
The technical bulletin on this research,
prepared from the findings of cooperative
work by dairy husbandmen and agrono-
mists of USDA's Agricultural Research
Service, reports that labor requirements
to produce grazing were low and about
the same for both methods. Compared
to grazing the orchardgrass and Ladino
clover pastures, making hay required 4.6
times as much labor and 1.6 times as
much expense in terms of each too pounds
of TDN produced. Corn harvested as sil-
age required 4.6 times as much labor and
cost 2.0 times as much, and wheat har-
vested as grain required 12.2 times as
much labor and cost 3.7 times as much
as grazing.

Efficiency of both feeds and animals
is higher now than 40 years ago. Feed
required for production is less by the
following percentages: milk 22 percent,
eggs 23, chicken meat 29 and pork 32




Be sure to call for your nearest Lyons representa-
tive and discuss your grove problems. He will be
glad to help you plan your grove program.






For many years, season after season, the users of Lyons Fertilizers have been producing premium
crops of highest quality fruits and receiving higher profits. Now, more than ever, high quality
fruit will command high prices. Plan now to increase your own net sales next season. The price
of good fertilizer is small when it increases your net returns.



P. O. Box 310

Tampa, Florida

Airplanes Are Playing
Important Farm Role
In Applying Chemicals
THREE DECADES ago plain farming meant
production of food and fiber, aided
by tools and implements known at that
time. Plane farming today has the same
meaning as in the past, but the spelling
has changed.
The man with the hoe has been re-
placed, in many cases, by the man with
the stick as agriculture has taken to the
air. The man handling the control stick
has brought to agriculture more effective
bug, disease and weed control.
The aerial hired hand seeds, fertilizes,
maps, checks storm damaged fences, spots
"lost" cows and feeds stranded cattle,
among other things.
Airplanes are used by Florida's state
agencies for spotting and aiding in forest
fire fighting, controlling water hyacinths,
and eradicating the Mediterranean fruit
A recent report on the use of airplanes
in agriculture shows that one cultivated
acre out of every six in the United States
is being treated by aircraft with dust, fer-
tilizer, or other kinds of chemicals.
Aerial applicator firms operate over

7,000 aircraft in the United States-nearly
five times the size of our airline fleet.
Aerial pest control, weed control, and
fertilizing add an estimated three billion
dollars to annual farm income.
It is estimated that dust and sprays
applied by air each year would more than
fill one thousand freight trains, each fifty
cars long.
The Ohio Agricultural Experiment
Station pioneered the use of airplanes in
agriculture in 1919 by applying a small
amount of dust. Since that beginning the
volume has increased and today it is es-
timated that the annual amount of che-
micals spread by airplane is more than
644 million pounds of dust and 80 mil-
lion pounds of liquid spray.
Research in the aviation industry is
now challenged with the problem of de-
signing planes which will fit the needs of
farmers of today.

Barnyard Manure Is
Valuable Source Of
Nutrient Materials
IN MEDIEVAL times, the farmer who had
large amounts of barnyard manure was
thought to be rich. The Florida farmer
or grower blessed with a supply of cow,

pig, sheep or horse manure is also well
off, agriculturally.
Dr. Charles F. Eno of the Florida Agri-
cultural Experiment Stations says manure
is a farm-produced fertilizer of tremen-
dous importance. Well cared for, it ranks
with a complete fertilizer because it con-
tains the big three in plant foods-nitro-
gen, phosphorus and potassium.
An average ton of mixed farm manure
contains so pounds of nitrogen, five
pounds of phosphoric acid and o1 pounds
of potash. Because the phosphoric acid
content lags behind, it is important to
add superphosphate, which not only adds
to the nutrient value of the manure but
also prevents loss of ammonia.
An application of thirty to forty
pounds of superphosphate per ton of
manure is recommended. Dusting the
fertilizer in the dairy barn gutter before
and after cleaning also helps hold in
plant food.
Building a roof over the manure pile
is the best way to save the manure's nu-
trients. Rainwater falling on an open pile
will soon leach out the elements.
Ample amount of bedding such a
straw will trap precious animal water.
Cornstalks and old hay, supplemented
with shavings, sawdust or peanut hulls,
are other substitutes.




Meat Judging Team

(Continued from page six)
luncheon was provided for all teams at
Swift Co. The next morning, Tuesday,
was contest day at the Armour plant. It
was a momentous time for the team, for
Dr. Palmer had yet to disclose which
three members were to do the actual
contest judging. Finally, his decision was
made known, and the three nervous se-
lectees, Sim Blitch, John Emerson, and
Jay B. Starkey proceeded into the contest
with the remaining members and the
coach wishing them God-speed.
The next morning, the results were
announced at the breakfast provided by
Armour and Co. at the Stock Yard Inn.
Florida placed ninth with a total of 2507
points out of a possible 3000. The team
placed fifth in Lamb Judging, tied for
eighth place with Wisconson in Lamb
Grading, tied for fifth place with Okla-
homa A&M in Pork Judging, and placed
seventeenth in Beef Judging and Grad-
ing. Sim Blitch tied for first individual
in Pork Judging, and John Emerson
placed third individual in Lamb Grad-
ing. Blitch ranked thirteenth individual
in total points by accumulating 852
points of a possible i,ooo. Jay B. Starkey
was in a three-way tie for twenty-sixth
place with 834 points. Emerson ranked
forty-fifth with 821 points. Seventy-two
individuals competed. Blitch was awarded
a plaque and an engraved tie clasp, as
well as the blue ribbon, for his achieve-
The team left Chicago that day and
arrived in Gainesville on Friday, Novem-
her 30.

Livestock Judging
(Continued from page six)
also first in beef cattle and second in
sheep judging. The B team was first in
swine judging and second in beef cattle.
Fourteen teams competed in the contest.
On September 27. at the Southeastern
Intercollegiate Livestock Judging Contest
in Atlanta, The Fla. A team again won
first place in over-all competition and
the Fla. B team placed second. The A
team also won first place in swine judging
and second place in Angus and Hereford
cattle divisions. The B team was first in
sheep judging, first in the Hereford div-
ision, and second in swine judging.
November 16 was the long awaited-for
day when the team left for Chicago to
judge in the National Intercollegiate
Livestock Judging Contest. Students on
the Chicago team were; Clyo Brannen,
Larry Cowart, Bill Fanelli, Tommy High,
and Joe Stock. Alternates were Jim Eng-
lish and Pat Close.
Work-outs were held enroute to Chi-


cago at the Berry School Farms, Rome,
Georgia, the Universities of Tenn. and
Kentucky, and Lynwood Farms, Carmel,
Ind. A day and a half was spent judging
classes at farms in the northwestern Chi-
cago area. Some of those farms were the
MCormick Angus Farm, Willobee Hamp-
shire Sheep Farm, Crabtree Yorkshire
Farms, Red Top Angus Farm, and the
Northern Pump Hereford Farm. On Wed-
nesday, Nov. 21, the team was a guest of
the Willobee Sheep Farm (owned by
Marshall Field) for a Thanksgiving eve
The northern weather was quite a
change for most of the team members.
Everyone's wish for wanting to see snow
came true and the temperature was us-
ually in the twenties.
The contest was held in the Interna,

tional Amphitheater, Nov. 24. Thirty-
nine teams competed and Fla. placed
third in beef cattle and 17th in over-all
points scored.
Several days were spent touring Chi-
cago, visiting the Museum of Science and
Industry, The International Livestock
and Horse Show, the stockyards, the 6o6
Club, and other interesting places.
The team returned to Gainesville No-
vember 28, thus ending many richly re-
warding trips.
The coach of the judging team for the
entire year was Donald L. Wakeman, in-
structor in the Animal Husbandry and
Nutrition Department of the University
of Florida.

Florida ranks 15th in numbers of beef


Factories and Offices: TAMPA and FORT PIERCE, FLORIDA

Norris Cattle Co.

Ocala, Florida
Box 1051 Phone MA 2-7151

Ag. Ec. Club
(Continued from page nine)
program for orientation of the Freshmen
class which will be followed up with a
personal interview with the students.
This program has done much to lessen
the barrier between University College
and the College of Agriculture.
Members and faculty completed a
highly successful job in bringing to the
club a schedule of events which proves
to be interesting to everyone regardless
of their major field or school classifica-
tion. One of the reasons for the success
of the club has been this opportunity
for lower division students to enjoy and
participate in the meetings as well as
upper division students.
In the short time since the club has
been re-organized it has achieved accom-
plishments worthy of a varsity berth in
the Agriculture Council. The president
of the Agriculture Council, Dick McRae,
congratulated the AEC on their supurb
and diligent work during the annual
turkey-shoot and reported that the club
out sold all others represented in the Ag
Council on a per capital basis. Another
achievement earning congratulations was
the participation in the annual Ag Coun-
cil Bar-B-Q.
The agenda for the second semester
will provide discussions with represen-
tatives in key positions from the field of
agriculture. Also a project of procuring
a photograph of all graduating seniors
is planned. The photo will be used in
the department for reference in the future.
With continued cooperation from the
faculty and the staff we should be off to
an even greater semester next spring.

F. F. A.
(Continued from page nine)
a Vocational Agriculture Department
functions, and an opportunity to realize
the problems that may arise and how
they are overcome.
Among the various activities that the
F. F. A. Chapter participate in are:
showing an exhibit at various State ex-
positions, assist with the activities of the
F. F. A. day at the State Fair, help secure
judges in the State F. F. A. Contest and
assist with the State Convention, as well
as with other phases of Vocational Agri-
culture in the State.
Clyde Brannon, who is a member of
the local F. F. A. Chapter, and a senior
majoring in Vocation Agriculture, is a
fine example, of a student putting to use
his training received in high school F. F.
A. work, and furthered here at the Uni-
versity. Clyde is not only a member of
the F. F. A. here at school, but a mem-
ber of Alpha Tau Alpha, Honorary Ag-


riculture Fraternity, and a member of
the University Livestock Judging Team.
James Quincy, member of the Colle-
giate F. F. A. Chapter here at school was
elected to represent the chapter at the
National Convention. While there he not
only distinguished himself, but the local
chapter and College of Agriculture by
having conferred upon him the American
Farmer Degree, and was elected First Vice-
President of the National Association of
Future Farmers of America.
Again we would like to take this as an
opportunity to welcome all those inter-
ested in F. F. A., whether majoring in
Vocational Agriculture or not, to enjoy
and participate in our various activities.

versity. In June

from page seven)
1955, he received the

degree of Doctor of Public Administra-
tion. The title of his thesis was, "The
Role of the Agricultural Extension Spe-
cialists in the Land Grant College Sys-
Upon the retirement of H. G. Clayton,
Dr. Watkins was appointed as Director
of the Florida Agricultural Extension
When asked how he feels about being
the new Director, he says, "As I assume
a somewhat different position on the
Extension team, one of my strongest feel-
ings is a deep appreciation of those who
make up our staff. Our progress in the
past has been steady and sound and I
believe we will want to give much thought
to our own professional skills in order
that we may improve our programs each
year so that they will perform the educa-
tional job needed in Agriculture and
Homemaking in Florida."

just to prove


to themselves

The Early & Daniel Company, makers of
Tuxedo Feeds, probably advertises in your favorite
farm magazine. So we'd like to ask you to do this the
next time you're reading: Find one of our Tuxedo ads
and read it and notice the difference!
You'll find no extravagant claims in our ads of
miraculous results from feeding Tuxedo Feeds. And
you'll find no hysterical stress on some mysterious
'"Ingredient X" that will work biological miracles.
We believe realistically that it takes more than a
feed for a farmer to get top results. It takes good
stock to start with, and good management at the be-
ginning, middle and end. But when you provide these
first two ingredients and then feed Tuxedo, we know
you'll get top returns for your efforts. For there just
isn't a finer feed made anywhere than scientifically
blended and balanced Tuxedo!
There's a Tuxedo Dealer in your
Molit neighborhood; drop in on him some-
time and ask him to give you the
STuxedo quality story.

The Early & Daniel Co.

Fo Lietc an Poutr

rn e'dlik

Southeastern Stock
Show Plans 4-H, FFA
Meat Judging Class
CALA, FLA.-Cold-weather gear will be
Sthe uniform of the day for 4-H and
FFA youngsters who take part in the
meat judging and identification contest,
a new feature of the annual Southeastern
Fat Stock Show and Sale here on March 2.
Donning heavy sweaters, coats and
waterproof footwear, the club members
will iudge carcasses and cuts in locker
rooms, according to Robert L. Reddish,
meats specialist with the Florida Agricul-
tural Extension Service. Six meat classes
will be placed, including beef, hog, lamb
and veal carcasses, and wholesale cuts of
beef and pork. Contestants will also
identify 25 retail cuts of meat.
The Florida Power Corporation is
sponsoring the show. Providing the
meat will be three Ocala packing con-
cerns: H. S. Camp and Son, Swift and
Company and Cullison Sausage Com-
Trophies will be awarded to the first
place 4-H and FFA teams. To the
second and third place teams will go
banners. High individuals will be
awarded medals.

Examining beef cows for pregnancy
and culling shy breeders in four years
increased the calf crop on one typical
Florida range from 33 to 88 percent.

Don't let antibiotics used in treating
dairy cows get into milk that is marketed.

Index to Advertisers
Allis-Chalm ers ......................19
Am es, W R ......................... 5
Baird Hardware Co.................. 5
Deere and Co .......................
Early and Daniels................... 17
Florida Favorite Fertilizer, Inc........ 13
Florida State Theatres. .............. 14
Heart Bar Ranch ................... 3
International Harvester Co........... 20
Kilgore Seed Co .................. 18
Lyons Fertilizer Co.................. 15
Norris Cattle Co .................... 16
Respess-Grimes Engraving ........... 3
Southern Dolomite ................. 5
Superior Fertilizers ................. 16
V. C. Fertilizer Co................... 14
Wilson-Toomer Fertilizer Co.......... 3

Subscribe Today
Dan McCarty Hall
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida






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Belle Glade
Fort Myers

Plant City
Pompano Beach
Vero Beach
West Palm Beach







Modern Farming is more

than just Tractor Farming

._. -

Outdated farming methods -often forced by .
the limitations of older tractors and equip-
ment are costly in time, human effort, and '"
money. Machines built 10, or even 5 years ."
ago, are far outstripped by those being pro- -
duced today. Never has the difference been
so great!
The latest tractors and equipment provide
bigger capacity in the field... greater speed
in job changeovers... new savings of time and
work through hydraulic control of imple-
ments. The operator works more acres in a
day.., saves fuel and labor.., .avoids delays
that can cost hundreds of dollars.
This up-to-date equipment also provides
practical, low-cost material handling not
available with older models.
Yes modern farming means much more
than just tractor farming with conventional
machines. It means taking advantage of the
new earning power available through ad-
vanced engineering.
Right now, Allis-Chalmers dealers every-
where are featuring the unusual economy and
work power of the WD-45 Tractor and 4-row,
4-plow equipment, with TRACTION BOOSTER
system. These machines priced to save .
farmers hundreds of dollars are built to
meet today's need for high-powered, low-cost, Allis-Chalmers engineering offers surprising advantages in
big-capacity farming. both performance and price. The WD-45 Tractor's dynamic
MILWAUKEE 1, WISCONSIN BOOSTER system work together to step up tillage power and
reduce costs. To match the WD-45, Allis-Chalmers offers a
ALLIS- CHALM ERS 121/2-foot double disc harrow, 4-furrow moldboard or disc plow,
4-row planters and cultivators.

New 121/2-foot disc harrow
.levels four full stalk rows at
N, a time. Light-draft BAL-PAK
-V. bearings never need greasing.

BAL-PAK are Allis-Chalmers trademarks.

PERI BQ&aktlCL Dr EP-T.--

45% bigger at the drawbar

the instant you pull the TA lever!

International" 300 Utility Tractory the ig H Frm-Ey Five!
Keep going in tough-going-when others shift or stall! Just Torque Amplifier increases drawbar
pull the Torque Amplifier lever to increase drawbar pull up pull up to 45% on-the-go gives
to 45%-on the go! You actually get more pull-power in you a shift-free choice of two speeds
in each gear--10 speeds forward!
3rd-TA than in regular 2nd gear to keep you "barreling" Fast-Hitch gives you Back Click!
ahead instead of bogging down. Just release the TA lever to ... and Go hook-ups... lifts imple-
resume full 3rd gear speed instantly when the going gets ments hydraulically... lets them
easier. This is the way you go farther on a gallon of gas ... work the way they work best!
gain extra rounds. This is why you can plow 10 to 15% more Hydra-Touch gives you complete
hydraulic control of the biggest im-
daily with an International 300 Utility or a Farmall 300 or plements... demountable cylinders
400 tractor with IH Torque Amplifier drive! ... "move and forget" controls.

Ask your IH dealer to demonstrate the farm-easy 5!
Give us an opportunity to prove that Torque Ampli-
FD fier, Fast-Hitch, Hydra-Touch, independent pto
Sand power steering save effort ... cut farming time
and costs! Ask about the IH Income Purchase Plan.

Independent pto gives "separate
engine" performance with pto ma-
chines. Stop pto for nonstop turns
. start it without stopping tractor.
Power steering lets you steer with
one hand... leaves other hand free
to operate controls.

International Harvester products pay for themselves in use-McCormick Farm Equipment and Farmall Tractors... Motor Trucks... Construction Equipment
General Office, Chicago 1, Illinois.

-- 'S~

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