PUBLISHED BY THE STUDENTS OF THE COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE, UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
Vol. 9, No. 1
UNIVERSITY MAIN LIBRARY CAMPUS
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My thanks come easily
When my fortunes rise
And my will is king
And all the world seems my estate.
My thanks come easily such times.
But, wait ...
Today, let me reflect
Upon those thanks I owe
But which I find
Express themselves less fluently.
Today, let me remember to give thanks,
Not only for the sunlight,
But for those darker hours
That teach me Fortitude.
Let me profess, today, a grateful heart,
Not merely for successes I may know,
But as truly for those failures
That teach Humility.
Let me express my gratitude
For all those petty, inner conflicts
Which, once resolved, breed new Serenity. .,
And for those small, distressing fears
That have their ways of building Hope.
Let me breathe appreciation
For all those poignant slights
That teach me Thoughtfulness,
The wrongs that teach me Fairness,
And for each violated trust
That leaves Loyalty as its lesson.
And let me not forget, today,
To whisper thanks for these:
The contempt that teaches Pity,
The tear that teaches Joy,
The pain that teaches Mercy,
And the loneliness that teaches Love.
So, now .
. Let me reflect upon these thanks I owe ...\
SAnd let my thanks come easily today!
,"J JOHN DEERE MOLINE, ILLINOIS
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
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The Florida College Farmer FR t, C7
Volume 9, Number 1 December, 1956 57rO ectitOf 2 1 sLJe&.
Richard M cRae .................................. Editor
Charles Blair ............................ M managing Editors
Pat Close. ............................ Editorial Assistant
Pat Thomas. .................. ............ Ag Economics
Steve Hudson................................ Alpha Zeta
Bob Croft................... American Society of Agronomy
Paige Choate. .................. Amer. Soc. of Ag Engineers
Ted Szanyi ........................... Alpha Tau Alpha
Harriet Henry ........................... Block and Bridle
Doug Boyette............................... Dairy Science
Joel Sm ith .................................... Forestry
Bobby Holmes .................. Future Farmers of America
Brant Watson ................ Newell Entomological Society
Parker Anthony ........................... .Poultry Science
Fred Saunders ................................... Thyrsus
Jack Sellards ........................................ 4-H
Gene Mixon ............................ Business Manager
Emory Weatherly ................. Assst. Business Manager
Fred Saunders ........................ Circulation Manager
Dean Griffin ..................... Circulation Assistants
Dr. J. Clyde Driggers
Note of Appreciation
Editors of THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER wish to
express their appreciation to J. Francis Cooper, extension
editor, Florida Extension Service, for his aid in obtaining
photographs for this issue of the magazine.
Entered as second class mailing matter at the Post Office at University
Sation, Gainesville, Florida, December 8, 1938, under an Act of Congress
of 1879. Fifteen cents per copy, fifty cents per year, $1.25 for three yeais,
$2.00 for five years. Published four times during the year: November,
January, March, and May. Address all correspondence to Florida College
Farmer, Dan McCarty Hall, Gainesville, Florida.
Count ents ...
Our New Home ...................................... 6-7
It Had a Beginning. .....................................
Introducing The New Deans. ........................... 9
Club A ctivities................................... .. -11
Organizations Directory ... .......................... 13
Florida Empire of Opportunities. ....................... 14
Antibiotics ......................................... 15
Science Aids Ag Advances.............................. 16
Timber Prospects Good................................ 18
Farm Costs ........................ ... ............. 18
Main entrance to Dan McCarty Hall, new $2,000,000 home
of the College of Agriculture. The entrance is on the north
side of the building, directly in back of the Student Service
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER is printed by Cody Publications,
Inc., of Kissimmee, the publishers of the FLORIDA CATTLEMAN.
Found in the editorial of a 1953 edition of the
FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER is the following quotation:
"Within a short period of time, this state has lost
not one, but two great leaders. All of us mourned
the passing of
Go v e r n o r,
and then were
he was so close- 44 *
ly followed by -
J. Hillis Mill-
er. The un-
timely death of
these two men
has left a vac-
filled." RICHARD MCRAE
To us it seems coincidental that within a period
of time so similar to that of their passing, a great
monument be dedicated to the honor of each, only
three years after their death. The monument to Dr.
Miller being the J. Hillis Miller Medical Center and
to Dan McCarty, the new home of the College of
Agriculture for Florida, Dan McCarty Hall.
We here at the University are extremely grateful
to men of such wisdom and leadership for their con-
tributions to the betterment of our great state. Those
of us who are enjoying these new facilities of the
College of Agriculture are especially cognizant of the
foresight and efforts of Governor McCarty to improve
the Agriculture of Florida of which he was a product,
and to which he was so close.
It is in honor of Governor Daniel Thomas Mc-
Carty and his contributions to the people of Florida
that we dedicate this monument and as an omni-
present reminder of them, we enjoy it, as he enjoyed
The FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER is the student publi-
cation from the College of Agriculture of the University of
Florida. It is compiled, edited, and distributed by students
of this college. It is the privilege of any ag. student to use
this publication as a media of expression. It is the voice of
the Florida Agricultural student.
NEW OFFICE FOR "FARMER:" Facilities of the "FARMER" were recently
moved from Florida Union Building to room 30 of McCarty Hall.
Office hours are to be scheduled immediately.
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
Phone TI Iden 6-5603
among those who
You who are making agricul-
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Use BRAHMANS for BEEF
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DEDICATED TO THE IMEMORY 07:
A G R I C U L T R, A L G fl, A D UA TF, U N I N F RSITY
MEMBER FLOPUDA STAVE LE(dSIATUlk,-
SPEAK[ RFLOPUDA 1-101J.SE OF KEPRFSLN"!",
COMMIS31ONED 034,O.R.C, PRO,'40TUD TO '11"
AR,iY OF THE UINITF.D SIATFS 1041-19 t5, HQ i Y,
G f ON 0 F M Elk 11-, B RO N Z E SJ A; U R 'I F H 1, A
GOVERNOR, Or F1 0k'!')Ik J -N 0
CITRUS GRM% kN 1) CN
By GEORGE MILICEVIC, JR.
M any persons in past years have looked
forward into the future with the
expectation of modern facilities and ade-
quate floor space for teaching farmers and
other leaders in agriculture of this state
Now in the year 1956, many of these
perspective individuals have witnessed a
materialization and are able to do an
about face momentarily to look back
over the rough ground of difficulties
through which a furrow of accomplish-
ments has been plowed leading to the
doorsteps of this dream to reality-Dan
Now if you were standing on the
front steps of Dan McCarty Hall,
looking out across the field of time now
past, with the memory and experienced
eye of an old timer-what do you think
that you would see?
Well, if you could see far enough-that
is, way back to 1851, you would see the
year in which an "authorization for the
establishment of courses in agriculture"
was made. However, no known attempt
was made to carry out the provisions of
this Act of authorization.
So time moved on for almost two more
decades when another authorization was
made, this time to establish the Florida
Agricultural College. In 1873 it was
decided to locate this college in Alachua
County, but then the idea of this location
was rescinded. Two years later in the
year 1875 a decision was made to locate
the Florida Agricultural College at Eau
Gallie, Florida. But this decision too,
was abandoned. Several buildings were
constructed at Eau Gallie but were never
used for instruction.
Again in 1883 action was taken and a
decision made to locate the Florida Agri-
cultural College at Lake City, Florida.
This time the plans matriculated from
graphite to ground work. So it was,
that in 1884 classes opened at the Florida
Agricultural College with thirty-eight male
In 1903 the name of the institution at
Lake City was changed from the Florida
Agricultural College to one which is more
familiar to the members of the later
generations-the name of "University of
In 1905 the University of the State of
Florida as it was created and called under
the "Buckman Act" was moved from
Lake City to Gainesville. Then in 9gog
the name was changed back to the
"University of Florida." Also in that
year, Newell Hall was added to the new
University of Florida campus.
The University at this time did not
offer a number of different degrees as it
does now but gave only one degree which
was earned by taking the general curri-
culum that was offered or a slight varia-
tion of this single curriculum.
1910 found the University of Florida
being systematically divided into its vari-
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
ous fields of activity. One of these
divisions was the College of Agriculture
under which title it is known to the
present. The first faculty meeting of
the College was held on October 23, 1910.
The following year of 1911 was a signif-
icant year because in that year the first
two students ever to receive the Bachelor
of Science Degree in Agriculture from
the University of Florida were candidates
for graduation. If you were to have
access to this information you would
open a ledger and find written in ink on
May 27, 1911 these exact words:
May 27, 1911
The faculty of the College of Agricul-
ture met in the President's office. There
were present professors Crow, Davis,
Farr, Flint, Kappel, Maltry, Floyd, Major,
Walker, and Pres. Murphree.
The minutes of previous meetings were
read and approved.
Students, King R. L. and Soar, I. E.
were on motion recommended for the
degree of Bachelor of Science in Agricul-
On motion a committee consisting of
those members of the faculty teaching
Agricultural Subjects was selected whose
duty it shall be to attend to matters per-
taining to this college that come in the
interim between meetings of the full
W. L. Floyd
1912 was marked by an assimilation of
brick known the nation over by all Flor-
ida Ag. Men as Floyd Hall.
Rolfs Hall was built in 1927 and then
a new structure which brings us to very
near the present time is the Agricultural
Engineering building, built in 1955. The
Nutrition Laboratory is another structure
of recent construction.
Now, we've started this story with
dreams and progressed it through a slow
materialization to the threshold of the
present time-to a College of Agriculture
composed of eighteen departments, rep-
resenting 427 agricultural students in
upper division work from all parts of the
nation and world, and housed in the
facilities of the $2,000,000 Dan McCarty
Someday this glimpse of the present
status of the College of Agriculture will
Of Climate ,
be moved into the realm of history and
this unended story shall have many chap-
ters added to it. The contents of these
chapters shall be determined by many
factors ranging from internation situa-
tions to the more acute influence of the
actual leadership of the College. Dean
Marvin A. Brooker now heads the College
of Agriculture and to him we turn for a
preview of the future. Dr. Brooker
stresses an expansion of the graduate
program, the importance of principles
and basic sciences in agriculture and yes-
(Continued on page 17)
It Had A
By BOB ADAMS
THE UPWARD trend of the population in
Florida and the United States as a
whole brings home the realization that
some means must be provided by which
this increase can be fed. Since it is the
American way of life to want more lei-
sure time it is desirable to produce this
needed increase in food stuffs with a min-
imum of man hours of labor and continue
to raise our standard of living.
It is the destiny of the agricultural
engineer to play an important role in the
meeting of this challenge. His job is to
find better methods of production and
free the farm laborer to take jobs in
industry to produce the products which
have been accepted as necessities in our
rapidly expanding population.
These problems must be met not only
on a national scale but in the individual
states. With the ever increasing impor-
tance of agriculture to Florida's economy
the need for engineering practices and
theories as applied to agriculture are be-
coming more and more evident.
Water, its control and management may
well become the number one problem of
the state in the near future. Fertilization,
insect and disease control, environmental
controls of light, temperature, and other
factors of production along with the
many other aspects of agriculture present
more problems to be solved every day.
The University of Florida is doing its
part to train men in the field of agri-
culture with a working knowledge of
engineering practices to meet the needs
of a growing nation and economy. Men
trained in two aspects are leaving the
University to work with the farmer and
in laboratories in experimental work.
The department is now for the first
time in its history equipped to do the
job that is expected of it.
With the passage of the Morrill Act
in 1862, congress provided for the estab-
lishment of land grant colleges. These
schools were to provide instruction in
agriculture, mechanic arts, and military
science. The first departments to be estab-
lished in the field of agriculture were
those representing the plant sciences or
agronomy and the animal sciences or zoo-
techny which we know today as the Ani-
mal Husbandry Department. Horticulture
soon followed and then the other depart-
ments as the demand grew.
The University of Florida followed
this national pattern of growth. The col-
lege of agriculture was housed in what is
now known as Thomas Hall prior to 1912.
A strong hope was expressed by the staff
in the catalog of 1909-10 in that the Leg-
islature of 1911 would appropriate
enough money for an agriculture building
and equipment to provide adequate fa-
cilities for agricultural work at the Uni-
versity. This hope was realized and Floyd
Hall was built to house the agricultural
Room o18 of this building was des-
ignated as the laboratory area for Agri-
cultural engineering and was quite ad-
equate at that time. But time soon
changed things. Imagine the Dean's of-
fice adjoining the farm motors laboratory
and his being agreeable to it. The present
head of the department, Professor Frazier
Rogers, took over the instruction in ag-
ricultural engineering in the fall of 1918.
The farm tractor was just beginning to
appear on the scene. One of Professor
Roger's first jobs was to hold a demon-
stration for those curious to see the iron
horse of the fields perform. There were
six makes of tractors demonstrated before
a crowd of approximately 1,ooo persons.
After about two hours of demonstration
only two of the machines were able to
leave the field under their own power.
But such was the interest roused by this
new machine that the farm equipment
laboratories were supplied with demon-
stration machines. Before the tractors were
placed on the one-inch floor of Floyd
Hall, Professor Rogers, seeing what he
thought was an opportunity to obtain
more laboratory space, called on Dean
Rolfs and explained the hazards of plac-
ing the machines in Floyd Hall. The
Dean replied that, that was what it was
built for, so the tractors went into Room
o18 with the other equipment. However
the tractor in the hands of the average
student proved to be a very effective ar-
gument for a new laboratory, since World
War I had just come to a close there hap-
pened to be a temporary garage left on
campus. The agricultural engineering
laboratory was moved to these temporary
quarters, remaining there until August
The Department of Agricultural Eng-
ineering was established as such in 1923.
Previous to this time the courses were
offered as part of the Agronomy de-
partment. It, like the other three depart-
ments, was staffed by only one man.
While this might encourage harmony in
the staff it limited its operations. The
growth of the department was slow and
somewhat difficult. The 1945 funds were
made available to employ one additional
instructor and one extension Agricultural
Engineer. Consequently during the early
years of the department Professor Roger's
professional abilities were devoted to
two teaching staff members, and the head
teaching. By 1950 the staff consisted of
seven persons all housed in Room o16 in
Floyd Hall. Two stenographers, two ex-
tension engineers, one research engineer,
of the department all in the same room at
the same time made quite a crowd. The
(Continued on page 12)
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
DEAN M. A. BROKER
By JOE BROWN
COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE has a new dean
this year to go along with its new
home. He is Dr. Marvin A. Brooker.
Dr. Brooker became dean of the Col-
lege of Agriculture July 1, this year. He
succeeds Dr. C. V. Noble who retired last
year. The appointment was recommend-
ed by Pres. J. Wayne Reitz and Provost
for Agriculture Willard M. Fifield.
The new dean, who has been assistant
dean for the past year, will direct the
16 academic departments of the school
from Dan McCarty Hall. Eight of these
departments are housed in the new
Dr. Brooker, a friendly and soft-spo-
ken man, was born at Bell, Gilchrist
County, Florida, in 1903. As a boy he
was active in 4-H work there. He grad-
uated from high school at Largo and is
a 1926 graduate of the University of Flor-
ida College of Agriculture.
He received his M. S: A. degree in 1927
and was awarded a doctor of philosophy
degree from Cornell University in 1931.
Joining the Agricultural Experiment
Station staff in 1927, Dr. Brooker was
assistant economist until 1934. From 1934
to 1941 he was chief statistician with'
the Farm Credit Administration in Co-
lumbia, S. C. Then for three years he was
vice president and secretary of Columbia
(S. C.) Bank for Cooperatives.
In 1941 he went back with the Farm
Credit Administration-this time as
Director of Research, in New Orleans.
Later, in 1946-47, he spent a year in
Washington, D. C., as executive secretary
of the Price Decontrol Board.
He rejoined the University of Florida
faculty in 1947 as professor of agricultur-
al economics, and in 1955 was appointed
assistant dean of the school.
Dr. Brooker is a member of five scho-
plastic and honorary organizations; Alpha
Zeta, Florida Blue Key, Gamma Sigma
Delta, Phi Kappa Phi and Sigma Xi. He
is also a member of the Gainesville Ro-
tary Club, Sigma Phi Epsilon social fra-
ternity, and the Church of Christ.
The new dean and his wife, the for-
mer Eddie Sue Colson, of Gainesville,
were married in 1926. They have three
children; two sons, both of whom have
degrees from the University of Florida,
and a daughter who is now attending the
N THE hustle of campus life few of us
stop to realize how lucky we are in
having persons on the staff of our college
who when given the opportunity will de-
vote their time and efforts in the endeav-
or to improve our college and to the in-
terests of its students. It takes some un-
usual event to bring these persons to our
attention. Such was the case in the ap-
pointment of Dr. George D. Thornton
as Assistant Dean of the College of Ag-
Dr. Thornton came to the University
of Florida as Assistant Professor of Soils
and Assistant Soil Microbiologist in 1941
from the University of Georgia. In 1949,
he was appointed a full professorship in
Soils in charge of the teaching division
of the Soils Department. He is at pres-
ent devoting his time to teaching and re-
search in the field of soil microbiology.
Dr. Thornton was born on a cotton
and dairy farm near Athens, in Elbert
County, Georgia. He attended Elberton
High School where he was President of
both his Senior Class and the student
body. He was active in the 4-H club and
was a member of the state dairy judging
team one year. He also was a member of
the school debating team.
Dr. Thornton entered the University
of Georgia in 1929 majoring in Crops and
Soils. While at the University he was stu-
dent assistant in the Agronomy Depart-
ASST. DEAN G. D. THORNTON
By BOB ADAMS
ment in the capacity of seed analyst. He
was a member of the University Band,
Poultry Club, Ag Club, Saddle and Sir-
loin Club, and was elected to the Alpha
Zeta honorary fraternity in 1935. Follow-
ing graduation he became an assistant
county agent. He left this position soon
after to return to the University of Geor-
gia as Soil Survey Assistant with the Col-
lege of Agriculture and Tennessee Valley
Authority. Following the termination of
his soil survey work Dr. Thornton became
an instructor of Field Crops and soils at
the University of Georgia. Here again
he began his research work with some
studies of lespedeza, vetches and other le-
gumes. In 1939, he moved to the Georgia
Experiment Station as director of the flax
research program. While with the Ex-
periment Station, Dr. Thornton did his
research for his Master's thesis on flax
fertilization. He received his Master of
Science of Agriculture in 1940.
In 1941, following his arrival at the
University of Florida, Dr. Thornton be-
gan research with the Experiment Sta-
tion on the inoculation and other micro-
biological aspects of the subject that has
become a favorite with Dr. Thornton.
In 1945 he received the General Edu-
cation Board Fellowship for work on his
Doctor of Philosophy degree. He chose
the Iowa State College in which to do his
work. While pursuing this program Dr.
Thornton had the distinction of becom-
ing one of the first men to work with
non-rad;oactive tracer techniques for
plant nut-ient studies. He presented his
dissertation on "Nitrogen Nutrition of
Legumes" and received his degree in
Soil Fertility and Microbiology in 1947.
He returned to the University of Flor-
ida and was made a full professor of
Soils in 1949.
by Steve Hudson
Too OFTEN leaders in the College of
Agriculture fail to meet the standards
of Alpha Zeta academically or the reverse
may be true-we have good grades but
no record of leadership experience. We
may draw an analogy by re-calling the
youngster desperately trying to find a
crack in the ball-park fence. He can hear
the laughter and shouting but is being
denied entrance. And so we hope that
you may be able to find a loose plank
in the fence surrounding the Florida
Chapter of Alpha Zeta. This article is
intended to give the Student Body of the
College of Agriculture a preview of the
requirements, objectives and advantages
of this esteemed brotherhood.
Any male student with good character
and possessing qualities of leadership who
is enrolled or expects to enroll in a four
year course in the College of Agriculture
is eligible for election to membership
providing he shall have completed at
least one and one-half years of work and
that the average of his grades place him
in the upper 2/5 of his class.
The objectives of Alpha Zeta as taken
from the Fraternity constitution are
i. To foster high standards' of scholar-
ship, character, leadership, and a spirit
of fellowship among all its members.
2. To strive for breadth of vision, unity
of action, and accomplishment of ideals.
3. To render service to the students,
and to agricultural divisions of the Uni-
4. To promote the profession of Ag-
From these objectives one can see that
Alpha Zeta is not only an honorary fra-
ternity but a service organization within
the College also. Each year we sponsor
the Annual Ag. Fair and thereby bring
to the attention of the campus, Gaines-
ville, and the state, the newest and the
most advanced technological knowledge
in the profession of agriculture.
Advantages of Membership
Why should we have such a strong
organization as Alpha Zeta with such
high standards for membership? One
might ask any AZ member and get a
number of varied answers. There is a
certain amount of gratification in being
able to know that as an AZ brother you
have passed the double test of scho!ar-
ship and leadership qualities. Many out-
standing men in our state and nation
are brothers in Alpha Zeta. President
Rietz, retired Dean C. V. Noble, Assis-
tant Dean M. A. Brooker and many out-
standing individuals were recognized for
membership by chapters of Alpha Zeta.
(Continued on page 14)
Dairy Science Club
Reporter Robert C. Moseley
Reporter Robert C. Moseley
AS THE officers of the Dairy Science
Club, Doug Boyette president, James
Thornhill vice president, Karen Berls
secretary treasurer, Robert C. Moseley
reporter, and Dr. H. H. Wilkowske fac-
ulty adviser gathered about their crystal
ball many strange faces broke thru the
haze of activity. Their faith in divination
was rewarded by a marked increase in
attendance many of whom are new stu-
As the curricular of the new year was
run over, many ideas and backing were
received from the members. In fact, con-
crete progress was made on many proj-
The Dairy Science Club is very closely
knit with the Dairy Department, which
is responsible for the production, pro-
cessing and distribution of mother na-
ture's only product, meant to be solely
used as a food, "MILK", and its
products, on the campus. The Club also
acts as a bonding agent between stu-
dents and faculty. Its membership is
made up of students interested or ma-
joring in Dairy Production and Dairy
Manufacturing. It helps to stimulate in-
terest, present problems, and give the
members a chance to meet prominent
business men in these fields.
This year has all the prospects of be-
ing a very productive and successful one
for the Dairy Science Club
Forestry ClubPlans Big Year
by Joel Smith
ITH THE starting of a new year each
club and organization starts the
wheels rolling in hopes of a bigger and
more successful year. The Forestry Club
with a fine slate of officers this year has
bih- planss in store f)r 'r,6-'57.
The officers for this year are: Presi-
dent, Bob Gift; Vice Pres., Ben Has-
slett; Sec. &: Treas., Woody Haynes; Ag.
Council Representative, Leon Tolar; Re-
porter, Joel Smith; Slash Pine Cache
Editor, Ray Mason.
The Forestry Club meets every second
and fourth Tuesday of the month and
has ,s its ami the building of better re-
lations with other campus organizations
and among the members themselves. Al-
so it offers the forestry student a chance
to meet people already working in the
field of forestry and the opportunity to
become better acquainted with the Fac-
ulty of the School of Forestry.
Some of the forthcoming events planned
for the coming year are: The annual
Homecoming parade in which the For-
estry Club always enters a float, along
with the Forestry School Alumni Asso-
ciation which will meet at building K
and a barbecue luncheon to be served
In November the annual Forestry Club
Field Day is held at which a variety of
contests are held to test the skill and a-
bility of all, with prizes being offered for
the winners of each event. This event is
held at Austin Carey Memorial Forest
and is followed by a supper sponsored
by the Forestry Club Dames.
During the second semester the color-
ful Ag. Fair is held in which each club
in the College of Agriculture enters an
exhibit. Last year the Forestry Club was
awarded third place and plans for an e-
ven better exhibit this year are already
Some other events are the annual For-
estry Club picnic and the Forestry Club
Pulpwood Cutting at Austin Carey Me-
All in all the Forestry Club looks to-
ward a most successful year and we of the
club sincerely extend an invitation to
all who are interested in Forestry to join
with us in making it the most successful
Block & Bridle
by Harriet Henry
ON SEPTEMBER 24, President Bob Rain-
ey called the first meeting of the
Block and Bridle Club to order. Upon
establishing various working committees
for the coming year, future plans were
checked. The club's representative to Ag
Council this year will be Don Smith, vice
A "Get Acquainted" meeting was held
October 1 for members, both old and
prospective, and faculty. After welcom-
ing all, especially new faces, President
Bob Rainey introduced the officers for
this year: Vice President, Don Smith;
Secretary, Pat Close; Treasurer, Jay B.
Starkey, Jr.; Reporter, Harriett Jo Hen-
ry; Marshall, Larry Cowart; Pledge Mas-
ter, Charles Norris.
Dr. Cunha spoke on the possibilities of
jobs after graduation and the facilities
of the University's agricultural services.
The pledge program was presented
which includes the making of a halter
and the grooming and showing of a class
of livestock in the Little International
Livestock Show to be held this year on
November 9, at the Livestock Pavilion
on Archer Road.
The club will serve again this year at
the Florida Blue Key Legislator's Ban-
quet held during Homecoming weekend.
Active plans have already begun on
this years' field trip to be in early spring.
The four day educational and thorough-
ly enjoyable field trip is made around
the state of Florida, stopping and visit-
ing many interesting and variable cattle
and agricultural operations.
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
Agricultural Economics Club A. S. A.
by Pat Thomas by Bob Croft
D URING THE past few years our great rHE STUDENT section of the American
country has become engaged in a 1 Society of Agronomy is meeting in
malignant struggle between two philoso- Room 2io of McCarty Hall every second
phies of life, one philosophy based on and fourth Monday night. The mem-
the democratic principles upon which bers of the club are majoring in Agron-
our nation was founded and the other omy, Soils, General Agriculture and Ag-
based upon a narrow theory dictated riculture Education.
from the Kremlin which would say that The A. S. A. is a small club but all
their way of life is better than the one members are active and the club has
we so enjoy. won two first places and one second
Most of you at the University of Flor- place in the last three years of exhibit
ida come from rural communities and competition at the annual Agriculture
many of you are going back to them. Fair.
The education, influence, and princi- The meetings are highly informal and
ples which you are subjected to here will usually informative as there is either a
be carried back to your local communi- movie or a speaker.
ties. The officers are: President, Bob Croft;
Many of the communities from which Secretary, Emory Weatherly; Treasurer,
you came were settled by pioneers who Brion Cooksey; Business Manager, Ar-
produced the food for the nation. And I Ion Buchannon; Soils Department Ad-
dare say some of you came from the same visor, Dr. Rothwell; Aeronomy Depart-
farms and same houses which your own ment Advisor, Dr. Ruelke.
forefathers built and developed. They
worked hard, were God-fearing, and pros- A T. A.
pered. All they asked was the oppor-
tunity to make an honest living, think by Ted Szanyi
and say what they pleased, and worship THE ALPHA Tau Alpha met at their
God in the church of their choice. It was J first meeting of the fall semester on
truly a sound basic philosophy of life, September 24, 1956 under the supervi-
based on the freedom of democracy. sion of the following officers: President,
This same land, which is your heritage, Richard T. Gavin; ist Veep, Robert H.
still produces the food for the nation-al- Ford; 2nd Veep, Ted M. Szanyi; Secre-
though tremendous technological and tary, Charles H. Williams; Reporter, W.
scientific progress has changed the meth- Arlen Gay; Treasurer, Robert Morris;
ods. We live on a higher economic level Sentinel, Than S. Ba; Advisor, Dr. E. W.
and we should. Not for a moment do we Garris.
wish to return to the candle and oxcart. The Alpha Tau Alpha is an organi-
Why should our basic philosophy of life zation on the college campus composed
be changed-from the tried and true prin- of young men in training to teach voca-
ciples of personal and economic freedom tional agriculture. Members are selected
to a pot of gold at the end of a rainbow on their leadership ability, character,
we would never reach, and high scholastic averages.
The greatest single strength of democ- At the recent meeting a committee was
racy and with it the strength of our na- appointed for the selection of students
tion lies in the rural population and we to be tapped for membership. Also, the
must not be misled by the alien philoso- organization selected Robert H. Ford to
phy of those who would tell us otherwise. represent the Epsilon Chapter at the Na-
tiwia! Conclave at Kansas City.
Some of the activities of the coming
The Collegiate FFA Chapter year are as follows:
i. Sponsor the contest in selecting the
by Fred Shepherd Agriculture Fair Queen.
THE COLLEGIATE CHAPTER of the Future 2. Help administer the F. F. A. Activi-
Farmers of America held its first ies at the Florida State Fair.
meeting of the 56-57 school year Tuesday 3. Supervise and conduct local F. F. A.
evening September 25, 1956. Contests during the year.
The main objective of the Chapter is 4. Hold a banquet to honor the new
to train men, who are in teacher train- members of the organization.
ing for vocational agriculture, how to or-
ganize and advise a local chapter when New officers were elected for the fall
they become teachers, semester. The new officers are: Arlen
Anyone who is interested in FFA or Gay, President; Freddie Garner, Vice
plans to major in Agricultural Educa- President; Reid Wentz, Secretary; Jack
tion is welcome to attend our regular Waller, Treasurer; Fred Shepherd, Re-
meeting on the second and fourth Tues- porter; Perry Noorwood, Sentinel; and
day of each month at 7:15 in Room 150 Mr. W. T. Loften, Advisor.
at P. K. Yonge School. The Chapter will enter an exhibit in
various expositions throughout the
state and in the Agriculture Fair.
We feel this will be the greatest year
of our Chapter and welcome those who
are interested in our work and activities.
by Bill Rollins
THYRSU Horticultural Club began its
activities for the 1956-57 school year
by electing officers. The officers elected
are, Fred Saunders, President, George
Cooper, Vice President, Paul Bird, Sec-
retary, and Gene Mixon, Treasurer.
Among the first activities of Thyrsus
was the building of an attractive new
sign which will be displayed in McCarty
hall twice each month, reminding mem-
bers and other people interested in hor-
ticulture that meetings are held in Mc-
Carty at 7:30 P. M. the second and fourth
Thursday of each month.
Thyrsus is planning a short course in
home landscaping and gardening. More
information on the short course will be
Thyrsus has some very interesting
speakers on different phases of horti-
culture during its regular meeting.
Poultry Science Club
by Bobby Holmes
THE POULTRY Science Club held its
first meeting of the 1956-57 school
year October i, 1956. At this meeting,
officers were elected and activities were
planned for the coming year. The presi-
dent for this year is Parker Anthony,
poultry major from Lakeland. Other of-
ficers elected were Vice-President, Billy
Gibson; Secretary, Bob Sey; Reporter,
Bobby Holmes: Faculty Advisor, Fred R.
Tarver, Jr. of the University Poultry
The Poultry Science Club is an Organ-
ization on the campus, and is composed
of students who are interested in any
phase of the poultry industry. The club
gives members an opportunity to ex-
change ideas and to express themselves.
The objective of the club is to bring to
its members the latest information in
the field of poultry, and to serve as a
means for some social activities.
The club is planning to have a series
of guest speakers this year who are spe-
cialists in their fields to speak on the var-
ious phases of the Poultry Industry. Also
the club will have several social activities,
mainly Bar-B-cue chicken and movies.
Another main project of the club is
the sponsoring of the annual Florida Ba-
by Chick, Poult and Egg Show. This show
will be held in conjunction with the
Agricultural Fair in the spring and is
open to all Florida Producers of .ggs and
(Continued from page 8)
department was given quarters in tempor-
ary dormitory "H" in 1951 and from
there has now moved to the new Agricul-
tural Engineering Building on Radio
Road. There are at present two faculty
positions vacant but will be filled as soon
as qualified personnel can be located.
With this professional staff and these
new facilities, an excellent agricultural
engineering program is now presented
to serve the needs of the State. In keeping
with the organization of the land-grant
colleges, facilities are provided at the
departmental level for agricultural en
gineers in each of the three divisions (ex-
tension, research, and teaching) to per-
form their respective duties in the five
branches of agricultural engineering,
namely; farm power and machinery, farm
structures, farm electrification, soil and
water management, and crop processing.
Space is provided for the agricultural ex-
tension engineer to conduct demonstra-
tions, workshops, and short courses for
rural youths and adults. The research
man is provided with space and facilities
to conduct basic, applied and develop-
ment research to accumulate a much need-
ed backlog of agricultural engineering
information to meet the demands of agri-
cultural interests in our state. The basic
facilities and equipment are provided for
presenting a sound program of resident
instruction on both the undergraduate
and graduate levels. Two curricula are
currently offered, one leading to a Bache-
lor of Science in Agriculture with a major
in Agricultural Engineering which is
taken in the College of Agriculture; the
other leads to a Bachelor of Agricultural
Engineering and is taken through the
College of Engineering. This professional
curriculum was initiated at the University
of Florida in 1950 to supply young peo-
ple well trained in the basic engineering
sciences and suited to the needs of the
State's expanding agricultural mechaniza-
tion and in industry allied with agricul-
ture. During the five years since its in-
itiation, this phase of the teaching pro-
gram has been soundly established and
rapidly growing in popularity among
the student body. However different levels
of instruction must be presented to gear
the educational process to a healthy tem-
po. The need for this lies in the dif-
ferences in purpose of the two curricula
and by the differences in the educational
background of the two groups.
And so we look at the new building
which culminated one man's dream, we
are reminded of the years to come and all
the dreams which might lead to a more
advantageous life in the future years to
Senior Class President is
From Ag School
PAT THOMAS of Quincy was elected
president of the senior class in Uni-
versity of Florida elections Friday, Octo-
ber 5, 1956. Thomas is a graduate of the
Quincy High School Class of 1551, and
is the son of Mrs. Verna Thomas and the
late Pat Thomas of Quincy. His senior
year in high school he served as State
Vice-President of the Future Farmers of
Pat is majoring in Agriculture Eco-
nomics. He is president of Ag. Economics
Club, assistant chairman for Homecom-
ing, and past president of Alpha Gamma
Rho social fraternity.
(Continued from page 9)
Dr. Thornton is a member of Sigma
Xi and Gamma Sigma Delta honorary
societies. He also holds membership in
the American Society of Agronomy, The
Soil Science Society of Florida, and The
Soil Science Society of America. He holds
the current office of the Vice-Chairman
of the Soil Microbiological Section of
the Soil Science Society of America. Dr
Thornton is a past president of the
Gainesville Exchange Club, and has
served the National club as District Gov-
ernor. He is a member of the First Bap-
tist Church of Gainesville.
One of his foremost ambitions which
may be met through his new position
is a strengthening of the graduate pro-
gram in the College of Agriculture. His
present plans include a broadening of
the scope of the program and increasing
the available funds for fellowships and
assistantship. As a means to his end, Dr.
Thornton and Dean Brooker hope to
give more attention to the student or-
ganizations in the College.
SA wonderful challenge, certainly an
honor to have the opportunity to work
with students." This reply given by Dr.
Thornton, when asked his feelings toward
the job ahead, gives vent to the feeling
of the student body of the College of
Agriculture as well. It is indeed a chal-
lenge and an opportunity for us, the
students, to have men such as yourself
for guidance and council. We, the Stu-
dents of the College of Agriculture, sal-
ute you Dr. George D. Thornton as our
new Assistant Dean.
Insects Cause Huge Annual Loss
In spite of the progress that has been
made in controlling insects, it is estima-
ted that in the United States their loss
damage and the cost of control amount
to four billion dollars annually.
Speaker of The House
DEMOCRAT MEMBERS Of the House of
Representatives met in Jacksonville
recently to select Representative Doyle
Conner of Starke as their Speaker for the
1957 Legislative Session. Representative
Conner is one of the youngest members
of the House to be so honored by his
fellow legislators. The highest honor
which can be awarded a fellow member.
(He is 27.) To those of you who have
not been around very long, Doyle served
as president of the Florida FFA in 1946-
47, and as National President of FFA in
1948-49. He graduated from the Univer-
sity of Florida where he majored in Ag-
riculture Economics. Doyle was a mem-
ber of Florida Blue Key and President of
Alpha Gamma Rho Fraternity.
Weather Extremes Fail to
Check Many Parasites
DON'T EXPECT the cold weather this
winter to kill eggs or larva of some
of the common parasites that bother
The American Veterinary Medical As-
sociation reports that eggs of the thread-
necked strongyle of sheep and cattle were
able to survive a temperature of 22 de-
grees below zero for six hours.
At the other extreme, eggs of this para-
site remained alive for ten days at 98
degrees F., lived for six months at tem-
peratures of 39 F. to 50 F. and for three
months at to F. They will also live
through eight hours in the direct rays of
the sun and for two days without oxygen.
The air-dried larva of this parasite is
even tougher than the egg. It can with-
stand temperatures of 134 F. for two to
five days, and can survive minus 22 F.
for four months.
These studies demonstrate that eggs
and air-dried larva of this parasite are
extremely resistant to environmental tem-
peratures and that livestock men should
not depend on weather to kill off the
Lice Cause Milk and Beef Loss
CATTLE SOMETIMES become badly in-
fested with lice during the winter.
They are likely to show sizeable drops in
both milk and beef production.
Even though the treatment should have
been done last fall, sprays can be used
on warm sunny days which should come
along occasionally, even during the win-
Cattle showing signs of losing hair or
of itching should first be examined by a
veterinarian to make certain of the trou-
ble. Ringworm or some other skin disease
may be the cause, and effective treatment
will depend on the exact diagnosis.
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
CLUB DIRECTORY ForU. S. Good;
No Famine in Sight
College of Agriculture
STUDENT GOVERNMENT EXECU-
TIVE COUNCIL REPRESENTATIVE
Ann Wallis and Bill Crowley
HONOR COURT REPRESENTATIVE
THE FOLLOWING is a list of student or-
ganizations in the College of Agri-
culture. These clubs offer excellent op-
portunity for students interested in extra-
curricular activities and a chance to gain
much valuable experience by working
with people who have similar interest.
ALPHA TAU ALPHA
Honorary organization for Agricultural
Education majors. Meets 2nd and 4th
Tuesday. Officers include: President,
Richard Gavin; Ist vice president,
Robert Ford; 2nd vice president, Ted
Szanyi; secretary, Charles Williams; treas-
urer, Bob Morris; reporter, Arlen Gay;
sentinel, Than Ba; advisor, Dr. E. W.
An honorary scholastic agriculture or-
ganization. Officers include: Chancellor,
Steve Hudson; censor, Bill West; scribe,
Bob Morris; treasurer, Sim Blitch; chron-
icler, Eddie Heller; advisors, Dr. Mill-
edge Murphy, Dr. J. H. Owen, and Dr.
Arrington. Meets ist and 3rd Tuesdays.
AG ECONOMICS CLUB
Meets Ist and 3rd Tuesdays. Officers
include: President, Pat Thomas; vice
president, Cliff Jones; secretary-treasurer,
John Metts; parliamentarian, Dick Hunt;
reporter, Bill Birchfield; advisors, Dr. M.
O. Watkins, and Dr. Capel.
AMERICAN SOCIETY OF
Officers include: President, Paige
Choate; vice president, Bruce Ray; sec-
retary-treasurer, Harold Heath; scribe
AMERICAN SOCIETY OF
Comprised of students of agronomy and
soils. Meets 2nd and 4th Mondays.
Officers include: President, Bob Croft;
vice president, Emory Weatherly; busi-
ness manager, Arlon Buchannon; treas-
urer, Bryan Cooksey; advisors, Dr. Don
Rothwell and Dr. Charles Ruelke.
Meets 2nd and 4th Tuesdays at P. K.
Yonge. Officers include: President, Fred
Garner; secretary, Reid Wentz; treas-
urer, Jack Waller; reporter, Fred Shep-
herd; sentinel, Perry Norwood; advisor,
W. T. Lofton.
BLOCK AND BRIDLE
For those interested in the livestock in-
dustry and its promotion. Meets and
and 4th Monday nights in Dan McCarty
Hall. Officers include: President, Bob
Rainey; vice president, Don Smith; secre-
tary, Pat Close; treasurer, J. B. Starkey;
reporter, Harriet Henry; Marshal, Larry
Cowart; pledgemaster, Charles Norris;
advisors, Dr. A. Z. Palmer and Dr. Hal
DAIRY SCIENCE CLUB
Officers include: President, Doug Boy-
ette; vice president, James Thornhill;
secretary-treasurer, Karen Berles; re-
porter, Bob Mosely.
An organization made up of representa-
tives from each student organization in
the College of Agriculture. Officers in-
clude: President, Richard McRae; vice
president, Bob Rainey; secretary, Ann
Wallis; treasurer, Fred Saunders; re-
porter, Pat Thomas; faculty advisor, Dr.
Meets Ist and 3rd Tuesdays in Building
K. Officers include: President, Bob
Gift; vice president, Ben Haslett; secre-
tary-treasurer, Woody Haynes; reporter,
Joel Smith; Ag Council Representative,
UNIVERSITY 4-H CLUB
Meets 2nd and 4th Tuesdays in Dan
McCarty Hall. Officers include: Presi-
dent, Jack Sellards; vice president, Albert
Rice; secretary, Sandra Dennison; treas-
urer, Connie Davis; reporter, Bob O'-
POULTRY SCIENCE CLUB
Officers include: President, Parker An-
thony; vice president, Betty Gibson; sec-
retary, Bob Sey; reporter, Bobby Holmes;
advisor, Fred Tarver, Jr.
THE NATIONAL Lumber Manufacturers
Association, surveying the nation's
timber resources, has encouraging things
to say about the wood supply in the next
few years. This encouragement is heart-
ening to farmers who may want to con-
centrate on timber production on land
not suited for any other purposes.
The NLMA first of all deplores "scare"
techniques of certain agencies that fore-
cast a timber famine by the year 2,000.
One such "scare" statement was that "the
nation's timber requirements are ex-
pected to be so high by the end of the
century that timber growth will need to
be from 70 to 12o percent larger than
it now is. Improved forest management
at recent rates of progress appears un-
equal to providing a balance between cut
and growth at the year 2,000oo."
The lumber group finds this statement
misleading and cites figures to back up
its contention. There are 489 million
acres of commercial forest land today,
against 461 million in 1945; 2,094 billion
board feet of sawtimber against .,60o
billion feet in 1945; cubic volume of all
timber is 32 percent larger than the cut,
against an approximate balance of cut
and growth in 1945. Sawtimber growth
and cut are about in balance, against a
growth deficit of 50 percent in 1945.
"Private forestry enterprise is meeting
today's needs and will meet the needs of
the future if the law of supply and de-
mand is permitted to operate-and if our
consumers aren't frightened away from
the use of wood by unfounded predic-
tions of timber shortage," the agency
Other factors that may influence
lumber prospects for the coming year
and future years, include an upsurge of
the do-it-yourself enthusiasts who buy lots
of lumber; military lumber purchases are
expected to increase in the months
ahead; and lumber is still the most
popular building material among farm-
In all, the agency thinks, the timber
prospects in this country are good for
an adequate supply, regardless of the
THYRSUS HORTICULTURAL CLUB
Meets 2nd and 4th Thursdays at 7:30
p.m. in Dan McCarty Hall. Officers in-
clude: President, Fred Saunders; vice
president, George Cooper; secretary, Paul
Bird; treasurer, Gene Mixon.
AEROSOL CAPSULE-New Facilities of McCarty Hall for Conducting Research
Bacteria. Glenn Waddell, Assistant in Bacteriology is Setting Control Panel.
H. Harold Hume Library of McCarty Hall with Willard Fifield, Provost for Agricul
Ida Cresap, Librarian, Discussing The Facilities.
(Continued fro page io)
Many members of the state Legislature
have found a common bond in being
members of a nationally recognized fra-
ternity for agriculture. Alpha Zeta has
become a hallmark of progressive men in
a progressive profession.
May we urge you to fix in
of accomplishments while at
sity the high attainments ba
bership in Alpha Zeta. And
that high scholarship depend
while becoming a leader depe
Florida Is Empire of
Vast Opportunities In
All Kinds of Farming
To the visitor Florida is a vacation
land. But to the full-time citizen it's
more than that-among other things, it's
an empire of agricultural opportunities.
Here are the reasons. A total of at
least 57 different crops is grown in the
Twenty-seven crops are valued above
S a million dollars: 17 are valued above
^five million dollars: so are valued above
to million dollars and three crops are
S reported to bring Florida farmers more
than 25 million dollars.
Included in the top so products are
oranges, grapefruit, tobacco, Irish pota-
toes, snap beans, field corn, celery, water-
melons and cucumbers.
Returns from citrus still top the list
S with an annual income of 200oo million
on Airborne dollars. Last season Florida's produc-
tion was one-third of the world crop-
129 million boxes.
"- Vegetables put some 160 million dol-
lars in the grower's pockets. The ex-
panding cattle business grosses o16 mil-
a lion dollars annually. Poultry, eggs and
dairy products add up to a tidy sum of
73 million and general field crops such
as tobacco were worth 25 million last
year. Corn production was valued at 16
million and sugar cane was worth to
Florida is a land of flowers and honey.
At least, the bees gather between 14 and
'o million pounds of honey annually
from the flowers. This is worth 31
Forestry is another important industry,
with more than 300 different varieties
of trees growing in the state. In Florida
to pulp mills are turning out more pulp
L in one day than can be produced in the
same period in any other state except
ij Washington and Georgia. The forest
products industry is valued at 368 million
dollars annually, and by 1970 this
amount may be increased to 600 million
This is by no means a complete record
ture and Mrs. of the state's agricultural production or
possibility. Many more farm items pro-
duced add to the state's agricultural horn
your pattern The possibility is also enhanced by the
the Univer- fact that farmers are using the scientific
sic to mem- methods discovered and taken to them
be reminded by specialists with the University of
ids on you, Florida College of Agriculture, the Agri-
nds on those cultural Experiment Stations and the
Agricultural Extension Service.
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
VIEW OF DAN McCARTY HALL TAKEN FROM CENTURY TOWER
Antibiotics Now Are
Proving That Small
Things Are Valuable
A ERICA IS where everything is consider-
ed good only if it is large. When
something is mammoth, it automatically
becomes tops to the public. Yet some-
thing hardly large enough to be seen by
the naked eye is a giant today. It's the
simple mold or fungus.
American life expectancy is the high-
est in the world; the molds made it pos-
sible by the scientists' venture into the
antibiotic field. Deaths from childhood
diseases, says a publication of the Charles
Pfizer Co., are almost negligible. The
molds did it. Other diseases that were
wipers-out of population, or at least
great cripplers, succumb quickly to the
But the role of these useful servants
goes a good deal further than medicine.
Industrial processes use them daily, in
such varied fields as plastic production,
bleaching and stain-removal industries,
the polish companies, baked goods, the
animal hide industry-and even the beer
industry where, in addition to fermenta-
tion, certain molds prevent cloudiness in
Despite the long list of uses, industrial
or medical, the field of mold-harnessing
is a new one and is relatively untouched.
These tiny little servants, most of them
benevolent in their actions, belie the
statement "unless it's big it's no good."
Farmers are more acquainted with
mold work, or at least had more contact
with it, than other parts of the economy.
Plant raising is impossible without mold
action; cheese-making is nothing but a
fermentation process. Indeed, the very
ground the farmer plows and tills is there
only because molds provided the sub-
stance of soil in its present form.
Some hail the harnessing of fungi as
the greatest advance in human history.
Some like to call this the "Mold Age."
They're right-to a certain point. Life
of the future will be :till easier when
ALL the land of just the U. S. has been
searched for the i inch of earth that will
yield a strain of fungus that will attack
all germs known to man. Since the
U. S. contains more than 2,000,000 square
miles of territory, and it takes only a
handful of soil to contain that valuable
strain, it may be a while before the
discovery. But it is coming.
You may ask what started all this
Mold Age. The answer was the idle
curiosity of Sir Alexander Fleming, dis-
coverer of penicillin. If he had not
looked at a dish of mold culture he was
about to throw away, he would not have
discovered one of the great germ-killers.
And if a window had not been open
next to the dish in question, and if the
penicillum mold had not drifted onto
one of the few mediums in which it
could live-the Mold Age would have
been set back decades.
AMERICANS, AS a people, have never learn-
ed to love the land and to regard it as an
enduring resource. They have seen it
only as a field for exploitation and a
source of immediate financial return.-
H. H. Bennett.
Farm Costs More
Important Than Ever
A SHORT TIME ago a national agency
reported American farmers' 1955 in-
come was down a billion dollars from the
1954 figure. This, despite the fact that
the national non-farm income is on the
upswing: and farm population is shrink-
The situation has a moral or two. One
moral, controversial in aspect and highly
political and economic in character, is
the overproduction on most farms. This
is a question which will have to settle
itself and it is not our purpose here to
argue about it.
The second moral to be drawn con-
cerns efficiency of production. This is
not controversial, as is over-production.
though it is somewhat tied to the latter.
Farmers will have to do their tough
job better. That's the best way of put-
ting it. Big industries watch efficiency
of production constantly, and employ
batteries of capable cost accountants and
efficiency engineers to devise ways of
cutting, production costs. Such close ap-
plication explains how one national
motor car manufacture; netted, a few
years ago, a profit of $3o,ooo,ooo-al-
though the profit on each car sold was
only 3o dollars.
The food grower-now only 13 percent
of the U. S. population-will see his cus-
tomers buying products at a lower price.
Thus, his only profit-indeed, his very
survival-will depend on getting that
product onto the market at the lowest
(Continued on page 18)
Do AG Students make
Yes, they do although most of 'em wait till
they get their hands on that sheepskin and a piece of
ground of their own before they start out to prove it!
AG students make mighty good husbands because
the time they spend in classrooms pays off in increased
productivity and bigger profits when they do get their
And you can't fool today's college-graduate farm-
er about the things that help make those bigger profits
for him, either.
Take feeds, for example... poultry and livestock
feeds. Today's farmer knows there is no short cut to the
bank it's the quality feed that pays off'in the long run.
And in Feeds, the words "quality" and "Tuxedo"
are synonymous. Tuxedo Feeds provide that balanced
nutrition which brings profitable results.
So, in planning your future, Mr. Farmer of To-
morrow, after you've got the little matter of the bride
and the rose-covered bungalow out of the way, plan to
drop in frequently on the friendly
Tuxedo Dealer who serves your
I uCEHO\ neighborhood.
The Early & Daniel Co.
CINCINNATI 3, OHIO
With Aid of Science,
To Register Advances
IT HAS been said that the No. i "occu-
pational disease" of farmers is hide-
bound thinking. That statement must
have been an echo of the past. Scientific
agriculture has cured the disease. Here's
Hybrid seed and scientific practices
have produced more than 300 bushels of
corn per acre-a far cry from the pioneer
days when a fish per hill helped corn
yield little more than seed.
Madam hen no longer lays a nest full
of eggs in the spring; clucks her way into
the summer and scratches herself free by
fall. Breeding, feeding and manage-
ment practices have put hens into the
better than 3oo-a-year egg class.
Few farmers stop at producing two
blades of grass where one grew before.
In addition to feeding better quality
forage, livestock producers add anti-
biotics for faster animal weight gains an 1
Killing insects the most modern way
entails furnishing plant sap with certain
chemicals. Then the plant furnishes
the lethal dose to the insect pest. That's
progress. It saves many insecticide ap-
plications with the sprayer or duster.
Many farmers no longer add a bottom-
of-the-furrow application of N-P-K. Th-v
add plant nutrients-many, not three-
where they will do the most good by
band placement on each side of the
plantings and at the root level.
The real proof is the increase:I agri-
cultural production. Fewer and fewer
food and fiber producers are feeding
more and more. Now 13 percent of the
population is feeding and clothin"- the
other 87 percent, with an ample supply
of commodities left to feed the hungry
mouths in other lands.
Aiding Florida farmers against occu-
pational hazards are researchers at the 23
Agricultural Experiment Station units
located in various sections of the state.
It's at these sites that the agricultural
industry depends on workers to discover
answers to their farming problems.
Prescribing the cure for hidebound
thinking and aiding the state's agricul-
tural progress are the Florida Agricul-
tural Extension Service specialists and
the county agents.
THE COLLEGE INN
PAGE SIXTEEN THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
For maximum work-hours per gallon
STANDARD OIL COMPANY
Our New Home
(Continiued from page seven)
even the continuation of humanities in the
educational diet of Ag. students.
Now we close this portion of the con-
tinued story of agricultural learning at
the University of Florida, and the FLOR-
IDA COLLEGE FARMER, representing
the combined voices of the students of
the College of Agriculture, says "thanks"
to all those unidentified persons who
have made Dan McCarty Hall possible
and to the individual for whom it was
named and the things for which he stood.
We extend the most sincere wish that this
College may continue to produce leaders
in agriculture as it has done so com-
petently in the past.
Said Highly Efficient
SINCE FOOD generally exerts first claim on
a family's resources, the efficiency of
agriculture is important to industry and
commerce, and to the economy in general.
It is largely because of modern tech-
nology in agriculture, according to the
U. S. Department of Agriculture, that
consumers spend only 25 cents of their
wage dollar for food, leaving 75 cents for
automobiles, television sets, furniture, and
other things so important to modern
living. A less efficient agriculture would
take a larger proportion of a city family's
In some lands the fight for food takes
not only most of the manpower, but
most of the income, too, leaving very
little for other items that industries pro-
THE AVERAGE American eats his weight in
food every six to eight weeks, or over
three-quarters of a ton a year.
DECEMBER, 1956 PAGE SEVENTEEN
THE KILGORE SEED CO.
General Offices And Mail Order Department
PLANT CITY, FLORIDA
FOURTEEN STORES SERVING FLORIDA
West Palm Beach
COMPLETE STOCKS OF
FOR MORE PROFITABLE CROPS
Higher production at lower cost often means
the difference between profit and Loss. The
right fertilizer mixtures for specific crops and
soil types can be the answer to this problem.
The makers of Florida Favorite Fertilizer have
made an extensive study of Florida crops and
soils and formulate fertilizer mixtures to the
individual grower's needs for best results. This
means more efficient and more economical
fertilization. Try FFF Brand fertilizers! You'll
Complete field service with
truck delivery to point of
0U ERIOR [
FERTILIZERS AND INSECTICIDES THAT ARE SUPERIOR
Factories and Offices: TAMPA and FORT PIERCE, FLORIDA
(Continued from page 15)
possible production cost. To do his,
troublesome though it may seem to the
easy-going farm operator, cost accounts
must be run; equipment kept in top
shape or discarded; sharp buying prac.
tices used to get bargains in seed, ferti-
The small farmer will have to watch
more closely than the big farmers, most
of whom already have gone into cost
accounting. The little fellow finds him-
self in the nutcracker before he ever
plows a furrow: he can't buy in carload
lots and save.
The squeeze has started and farmers
must watch costs.
Index To Advertisers
Allis-Chalmers .................... 1
Ames, W R........................ 3
Baird Hardware Co.................. 3
College Inn ..................... 16
Deere and Co.................... 2
Early and Daniels...................16
Florida Favorite Fertilizer, Inc. ......18
Florida State Theatres ...............18
Heart Bar Ranch................... 5
International Harvester Co........ .. 20
Kilgore Seed Co.................... 7.
Norris Cattle Co.................... 3
Respess-Grimes Engraving ......... 5
Southern Dolomite .................. 18
Superior Fertilizers ................. 18
Standard Oil Co.................... 17
Wilson-Toomer Fertilizer Co......... 5
Winn-Dixie Food Stores............. 3
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
Modern Farming is more
than just Tractor Farming
*^ i-. -., -. ."
Outdated farming methods -often forced by
the limitations of older tractors and equip- '. .- '
ment are costly in time, human effort, and -
money. Machines built 10, or even 5 years i
ago, are far outstripped by those being pro- '_ y
duced today. Never has the difference been
so great! "- -
The latest tractors and equipment provide f *f
bigger capacity in the field ... greater speed i'
in job changeovers...new savings of time and
work through hydraulic control of imple- ;,
ments. The operator works more acres in a I
day... saves fuel and labor avoids delays
that can cost hundreds of dollars.
This up-to-date equipment also provides
practical, low-cost material handling not
available with older models.'
Yes ... modern farming means much more
than just tractor farming with conventional
machines. It means taking advantage of the
new earning power available through ad-
Right now, Allis-Chalmers dealers every-
where are featuring the unusual economy and i
work power of the WD-45 Tractor and 4-row,
4-plow equipment, with TRACTION BOOSTER
system. These machines priced to save "\
farmers hundreds of dollars are built to
meet today's need for high-powered, low-cost, Allis-Chalmers engineering offers surprising advantages i
big-capacity farming. both performance and price. The WD-45 Tractor's dynami
ALLIS-CHALMERS, FARM EQUIPMENT DIVISION, POWER-CRATER or diesel engine and the automatic TRACTION:
MILWAUKEE 1, WISCONSIN BOOSTER system work together to step up tillage power an
reduce costs. To match the WD-45, Allis-Chalmers offers
AL LIS-C HALM ERS 121/-foot double disc harrow, 4-furrow moldboard or disc plov
4-row planters and cultivators.
.* New 1212-foot disc harrow
levels four full stalk rows at
Sa time. Light-draft BAL-PAK
77 bearings never need greasing.
POWEIi (CRATER. TRACTION BOOSTER, and
l i ,a i B AL -PAK are Allis-Chalmers trademarks.
\iDo Cleaner cutting, finer stalk shredding
with McCormick No.25 Rotary Cutter
Trailing models may be used with any 2-plow or larger
tractor. All models cut 57 inches wide. Special driver
shield affords the operator maximum protection.
Your IH Dealer will demonstrate... see for
yourself the superior cutting action of the
new McCormick No. 25 rotary cutter!
Available on the liberal IH Income Pur-
m chase Plan.
International Harvester products pay for themselves in use-McCormick Farm Equipment
and Formall Tractors... Motor Trucks... Crawler and Utility Tractors and Power Units
-General Office, Chicago 1, Illinois.
You cut, shred, and spread stalks or brush, in one
continuous operation, with a McCormick No. 25
rotary cutter. Finely shredded crop residues save
hours of disking time, improve plowing cover, build
soil humus, and contribute to a well-mulched seed-
bed. With new open-throat design, cutter knives
slash tall, rank stalks before being knocked down.
Shredder attachment doubles shredding action.
Two twisted knives on additional rotor arm cut
and deflect stalks upward into regular cutting
knives for extra-thorough shredding action. Sta-
tionary shredder arm, mounted on cutter housing,
and rear grill further increase pulverizing action.
Attachment is quickly removed for other jobs.
Enclosed gear drive turns on heavy-duty ball bear-
ings in oil bath to minimize power requirement and
assure longest life.
SInternational Harvester Company
Dept. CP-11, P.O. Box 7333, Chicago 80
Please send me full information about the new
McCormick No. 25 Rotary Cutter.
__Name 0 Student
FREE Post Office State
Catalog My IH Dealer is