Title: Florida college farmer
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075980/00047
 Material Information
Title: Florida college farmer
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30cm.
Language: English
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Apr. 1930)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1960?
Numbering Peculiarities: Suspended with v. 3, no. 5 (May 1932) and resumed with Dec. 1935 issue. Suspended with v. 9, no. 4 (may 1941) and resumed with New series v. 1 (summer 1948).
General Note: Published by Agricultural students at the University of Fla.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075980
Volume ID: VID00047
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01569450
lccn - 55047167

Full Text



Vol. 8, No. 1



p----------r -,----


for the air,
and the water,
and the generous earth...

for the miracle of seed,
the promise of blossom,
and the nourishment of fruit.

Thanks ...

for the dawn,
and the pursuing twilight...

for ram,
and snow,
and the glory of the ever-changing year.


for music,
and art,
and poetry...

for commerce,
and industry,
for invention and achievement.

Thanks ...

for the steeple,
and the town hall...

for the dome of authority,
and the pillar of justice.

Thanks ...

for kin,
for friend,
for neighbor. .

for the strength of man,
the courage of woman.
for the confidence of the young,
and the wisdom of the old.


for the mind to know,
the eyes to behold,
the hands to use,
and the soul to enjoy
all these things...

and for the heart to say-





For the


Quality in
We Ask
That You
Contact Us.


Ph. MA 2-7151

We saltue the University of Florida. The training of our people for specialized fields has
helped Florida make tremendous strides forward. This twenty-one (21) year old Association is well
aware of the contributions to agriculture by the College of Agriculture, the Experiment Station
and the Extension Service.

When in need of fertilizers, pesticides or limeto produce,

"The most of the best for the least"
use the qualified field staff and the facilities of:

President Secretary-General Manager


Box 1051

0 E__ M

FALL, 1955


The Florida College Farmer 7o I '- I.l
Volume 8, Number 1 November, 1955 7'OIm te Cta ord a &

George Milicevic, Jr .............................. Editor

Editorial Staff
Richard McRae........................ Managing Editor
Anne Cawthon
Lawrence Shackelford ................. Editorial Assistants
Jimmy Cummings

Club Representatives
William Timmons...........................Ag Economics
Steve Hudson............................Alpha Zeta
Bob Croft ..................American Society of Agronomy
Harold Spell............ American Society of Ag. Engineering
Paul Fleming............................ Alpha Tau Alpha
Anne Cawthon. ..........................Block and Bridle
Alberto Finol............................. Dairy Science
Roy Royal..................................Forestry
John Johnston ................. Future Farmers of America
Angelo Massaro......................Lambda Gamma Phi
Gerald Herring .............Newell Entomological Society
Herman Jones. .... ...................... Poultry Science
Fred Saunders. ................................. Thrysus
Albert Rice...................................... 4-H

Business Staff
Tom Chaires ............................Business Manager
Gene Mixon........................Asst. Business Manager

Circulation Staff
Wayman Smith.......................Circulation Manager
Julian Webb....................Asst. Circulation Manager
Ann Wallis
Fred Saunders.......................Circulation Assistants
James Thornhill

Faculty Advisory Committee
J. Clyde Driggers..............................Chairman

Entered as second class mailing matter at the Post Office at University
Station, Gainesville, Florida, December 8, 1938, under an Act of Congress
of 1879. Fifteen cents per copy, fifty cents per year, $1.25 for three years,
$2.00 for five years. Published four times during the year: November,
January, March, and May. Address all correspondence to Florida College
Farmer, Florida Union Building, Gainesville, Florida.

Contn .
Greetings-Asst. Dean Brooker.......................... 6
New Ag. Engineering Building. ......................... 7
Agricultural Barbeque .............................. 8
Agricultural Clubs .. ................................ 10
F.F.A. ............................................. 11
Bill Gunter ............. .....................12
American Meat Packing .............................. 14
Dairy Plant Operators Short Course......................19
Subscriptions ..... ................................ 20
Index to Advertisers ................. ................. 20

Members of the University of Florida's Livestock judging team took
first place honors in the Southern Intercollegiate Livestock Judging
Contest at the Mid-South Fair and Livestock Show.
Though they foiled to take the honors that we would have liked
for them to take at the International Livestock Show in Chicago, they
deserve credit for the time and effort they have put forth.

We, the staff and primarily the Editor, might
say, "better late than never," or "we're saving the best
until last," or a number of other clique' phrases, but
one thing for sure, whatever might be said, this issue
of the FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER would still
be late. For this unwelcomed statistic we extend our
apology to you-the reader.
Though we can look at those things that we
haven't done, it is always more inspiring to look
to those things ac-
complished. Wi th
this bit of philosophy
in mind we contend
in a more spirited
tone of voice, "the
College of Agri-
culture is on the move
this semester." The
Ag. Barbeque, short
courses, Ag. Reunion,
Turkey Shoot, new
building, and increas-
ed number of en-
rolled students all
evidence this quota-
As has been done
several times be-
fore by others,
t he COLLEGE George Milicevic, Jr.
FARMER too, would
like to extend a welcome to the incoming freshmen
who have shown a preference to the College of Agri-
culture. May we extend this advice to you? Take
advantage of the short courses and other activities
that fall into your field of interest, also become a
member of the ag. club that has been organized in
your field of study. It is through the power of
student support and participation that these clubs
exist to benefit the students. Again we say, "wel-
come" and "utilize the opportunities extended to
Thanking those who have submitted the request-
ed material for publication in this issue, the
me again in JANUARY."

The FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER is the student publi-
cation from the College of Agriculture of the University of
Florida. It is compiled, edited, and distributed by students
of this college. It is the privilege of any ag. student to use
this publication as a media of expression. It is the voice of
the Florida agricultural student.

THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER is printed by Cody Publications,
Inc., of Kissimmee, the publishers of the FLORIDA CATTLEMAN.





World Champion Picks and shells corn Self-propelled combine. Chops hay and row crops Windrows hay and grain
corn picker, in one trip. for silage. 10 feet at a swath.

Suppose you could convert your car at will to a station wagon, a convertible, a pick-up, a
truck, or a family sedan, mounting whichever body you wanted on the same engine and frame.
A car like that would be really five cars, serving five different purposes, at a cost far
less than five standard vehicles.
What a car like that could do for you, the Minneapolis-Moline Uni-Farmor has already
done for the farmer. One basic M M Uni-Tractor carries five different harvest machines ...
to do five different harvest jobs.
Modern MM Uni-Farming gives the farmer a money-making self-propelled machine
for crop after crop. And because all Uni-Farmor machines mount on the same Uni-
Tractor, this 5-in-1 farming system actually costs far less than conventional tractor-drawn machines!
Many jobs with one basic machine .. lower production costs for the food and fibre that
sustains the nation. That's how MM Uni-Farming serves the American Farmer-
Businessman, and all who buy what the farmer sells.



FALL, 1955

Assistant Dean Brooker

T AM glad to have this opportunity to
bring a few words of greeting to all
of you who are enrolled for your college
training before entering the College of
Agriculture. It is a pleasure to welcome
you to the College, and to invite you to
counsel with us at any time it appears
that we can be of service.
You are now enrolled for your college
training at a time when there was never
a greater demand for the services of
agricultural college graduates. A recent
study, made by a committee of deans of
the Association of Land-Grant Colleges
and Universities, brought out the estimate
that there is an active demand for 15,000
new graduates in agriculture each year.
Against this demand, about 8,500 new
graduates are receiving their degrees each
year. The deficit in number of new grad-
uates as compared with the demand is
true for all the major fields of agriculture.
It is true, however, that the standards
demanded of our graduates are continu-
ing to rise. The graduate with a good
scholastic record, coupled with a moderate
record of extra curricular activities, is in
greatest demand.

Enrollment in the College of Agricul-
ture at the University of Florida continues
to increase in line with the increase in
enrollment for the University as a whole.
The number of undergraduates in the
Upper Division is 303 at the present time,
as compared with 238 last year, an in-
crease of about 13 percent. The number
of juniors from 123 to 154. The size of
the junior class is again larger than the
senior class, reflecting the steady growth
of the University.
In addition to these undergraduates,
there are 145 graduate students working
for advanced degrees in the College of
We are glad to make special recognition
of the large number of foreign students
who are enrolled in the College of Agri-
culture. Many of these students are
making outstanding records, and they add
a wholesome cosmopolitan atmosphere
to our student body. There are 46 of
these foreign visitors, not including two
from Puerto Rico, a territory of the
United States. They are from Nicaragua,
Honduras, Indonesia, Thailand, Costa
Rica, Colombia, Cuba, Burma, Venezuela,

Iraq, Ecuador, Panama, The Nether-
lands, El Salvador, Viet Nam, The Philip-
pines, Israel, Pakistan, China, Brazil, Peru,
and Greece.
The College of Agriculture has come
a long way since the first graduating class
in 1912 when two candidates received
their bachelor's degrees. From that date
until now, 2,544 bachelor's degrees have
been conferred by the College of Agricul-
ture. Other degrees conferred by the
College have been as follows: Master of
Agriculture, 239; Master of Science, 137;
Master of Science in Agriculture, 250;
and Doctor of Philosophy, 27. These grad-
uates are pursuing their occupations in
many fields of endeavor. We look forward
to the time you may join them and help
uphold the good name of graduates of
this institution.
I appreciate the courtesy of The
Florida College Farmer in extending me
the privilege of addressing these few
paragraphs to you, and commend this
student publication to you as the student
mouthpiece of the College of Agriculture,
in which it has served with distinction
for the past quarter of a century.
















A gawam~I X

dr .-,-rdAl

New Ag. Engineering Building

By Charles Choate

THE FIRST major agricultural building to
be added to the agricultural group in
28 years was dedicated October 15, 1955
at ceremonies presided over by President
Reitz. At a cost of $455,000 for construc-
tion and equipment, the State of Florida
has obtained one of the most modern and
up to date agricultural engineering
buildings in the country.
The building was turned over to the
department on August 11, taking just
13 months to complete. Certainly a great
deal of careful planning and foresight
has gone into the design and laying-out
of this building. The office and classroom
section of the building is a two-story
structure, containing 14 offices, 4 large
classrooms, a seminar room, a student
drafting room, an extension drafting
room, a conference room and a library

room. The remaining portion of the
38,000 square feet of floor space is divided
into 8 laboratories in a single story struc-
ture under a saw-tooth type roof.
The laboratories are equipped with
both single and 3-phase electric current,
underground carbon dioxide exhaust
ducts, underground floor drains, low
pressure live steam outlets, compressed
air outlets, hot and cold water, welding
booths with forced ventilation and an
underground water reservoir with lo,ooo
gallons capacity for use in problems
associated with water control.
This building provides adequate facili-
ties for the first time in the history of
State and University, for concentrated ef-
fort of applying engineering to agriculture.
As a part of the presentation program
Provost of Agriculture Willard Fifield,

in his dedicatory address, outlined the
development and place of Agricultural
Engineering in the agricultural program
of the University of Florida. Also Mr.
W. H. Worthington, President of the
American Society of Agricultural Engi-
neers spoke on "Contributions of Agricul-
tural Engineering to the National Agri-
cultural Program."
I am sure all the students join me in
heartiest congratulations to Professor
Rogers and his staff for having made the
Agricultural Engineering Department
worthy of this fine building which we
now call home and can point to with
pride for many years to come. The agri-
culture of Florida will make many de-
mands on the department, and with this
building and its facilities, many answers
may be expected.


E M =


FALL, 1955



Above Dr. Driggers, faculty advisor to the FARMER,
is shown presenting the FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER Awards
to Art Duchaine and George Milicevic, Jr. for outstand-
ing work on the magazine. Left to right: Ralph Voss
(winner of last year's award), Art Duchaine (past Bus-
iness Manager), George Edwards (past Editor), George
Milicevic, Jr. (present Editor), and Dr. Driggers.

Bill Gunter is congratulated by Asst. Dean Brooker,
as it is announced that he is the winner of Alpha Zeta's
Freshman-Sophomore Award for accomplishments while at
the University.

Earl Shropshire, Alpha Gamma Rho pledge, partially
fulfills the advertising line "All You Can Eat."





The Rainbow Troubadors combine talents to produce
music. Left to right: Troy Branning, Fred Bishop,
and Larry Thomas.

Entertainment with harmony furnished by the Alachua FFA Quartet.
Left to right: Clifford Parrish, Kenneth Moore, Ray Harrison, Jr., and
Bobby Thomas.

Provost of Agriculture, Willard Fifield extends an
official welcome to the freshmen who are planning to do
their future studying in the College of Agriculture.




FALL, 1955

Dairy Science Club
By Alberto Finol

W ith THE eager Freshmen trying to
follow the steps of their orientation
leaders, the new Academic Year begins.
Every department opens its doors, stu-
dents hurry to and from classes, and in-
structors scratch their heads to make up
unanswerable test questions. While all
this happens the Department of Dairy
Science proceeds in filling its uninterrup-
ted purpose of producing, processing,
and distributing the "world's most perfect
food" and its derivatives.
Associated very closely to the Depart-
ment of Dairy Science is the Dairy Science
Club, which is comprised of students
interested in the field of dairying. The
Club was founded for the purpose of
drawing the students and faculty closer
together and for cultivating student in-
terest in the dairy field.
The Club officers are George Milicevic,
Jr., President; Dick Holtsclaw, Vice-Pres-
ident; Laura Davis, Secretary-Treasurer;
Alberto Finol, Reporter; with Dr. H. H.
Wilkowske, Faculty Advisor.
With this leadership, and the strongest
membership in the history of the Club,
several new activities have been added to
the annual Club activities.
An invitation is extended to all stu-
dents interested in the activities of the
Dairy Science Club to attend the meet-
ings at the Dairy Products Laboratory
every second and fourth Monday of each
With the leadership of the officers,
the participation of the members, and the
support of "udders," the Club looks to a
to a successful year.

An. Hus. Department
Elected to Membership

THE UNIVERSITY Of Florida Animal Hus-
bandry Department has been elected
to membership in the American Short-
horn Breeder's Association, oldest breed
recording group in America.
Purpose of the organization is to col-
lect, verify and preserve pedigrees of
Shorthorn cattle and to promote greater
use of the breed.
Originally known as Durham Cattle,
the breed took the name Shorthorn from
the popular expression after it was found
that by cross breeding, the old Western
Longhorn cattle grew short horns.
Health is a state of complete physical,
mental, and social well being of the in-
dividual, and not merely the absence of
disease or infirmity.

IN THE pot of life, if you want to keep
cooking, you've got to keep stirring.

The Block and Bridle Club
By Anne Cawthon
THE BLOCK and Bridle Club, under the
able leadership of President Tom
Braddock, has gotten off to an excellent
start, Dr. Cunha addressed the Club and
introduced the members of his staff at
the first regular meeting. The following
week, members of the Block and Bridle
Club met with those interested in join-
ing the Club at the annual "get ac-
quainted" meeting held in the Florida
Union. On October io, each of the Club's
forty-two pledges drew for the animal
that each would fit and show in the
Little International Livestock Show.
December 9 is the proposed date of the
show. We can be proud of the Judging
Team. They took first place at the
Memphis show and left this week for
Kansas City and the American Royal.
Forty members of the Block and Bridle
Club will be serving at the Blue Key
Barbeque during Homecoming Week-

Agricultural Council
By Alton Crozier
"[ AVE YOU been down to fire yet ?"
lThis was the question asked many
many times during the eight day span of
the qth Annual Turkey Shoot. This shoot
was co-sponsored by Ag. Council and the
Rifle Team and proved to be a big suc-
Ag. Council is a coordinating body
comprized of the presidents of each of
the agricultural clubs and is organized
for the purpose of bringing the College of
Agriculture together to coordinate the
activities of the College. The officers are
Herman Jones, President: Alton Crozier,
Vice-President; Paul Fleming, Secretary;
and Bill Alsmeyer, Treasurer.

Saving More Lambs
By Dr. Van T. Burnette
A RANCHER, with 2,600 ewes, uses a
clever system of removing the lambs
before the ewe has a chance to smell or
see them. The ewes are then checked and
only those with an adequate milk supply
are given 2 lambs. Before being placed
with the ewe, the lambs are wet with
warm salt water and by the time the ewe
has licked off the salt, she usually will
claim the lamb.

SET YOUR goals high, then if you don't
reach all of them, you will have gained
much from having tried.

[T is never too soon to be kind for we
never know how soon it will be too late.

A. S. A. Airs Assets
By Bob Rainey
NOTHER YEAR has been launched by the
student section of the American
Society of Agronomy. The boys are all
cocked and primed for an active and
successful year in the grand old tradi-
tion of the club which is under the
capable leadership of Neil Morriss, the
The A. S. A. is a double-threat club
consisting of the old soils and agronomy
clubs combined into one potent, dynamic
organization growing with the College of
Agriculture. Many interesting programs
are presented during the school year with
an eye toward instructing while enjoying
good solid companionship. The boys
serve agriculture in many ways and are
particularly proud of the seed, soil, and
fertilizer kits that they assemble and
make available to county agents, voca-
tional agriculture teachers and many
other rural leaders. The annual Ag. Fair
is another big event to the A. S. A. and
they have proven just how big by winning
the gold cup for the best exhibit for
two consecutive years. Mucl of the clubs
success is due to the able assistance of
the good Drs. R. E. Caldwell and Dr.
D. E. McCloud who lend the necessary
support in hours of need.
The American Society of Agronomy is
composed of students from all depart-
ments of the College of Agriculture and
anyone interested in crops and soils is
eligible to join and is cordially invited
to do so. Meetings are held the first and
third Thursday of each month in room
302, Floyd Hall at 7:30 p. m.

Constant Medication
By Dr. Van T. Burnette

POULTRY RAISERS may be depend-
ing too much on medication, even
to the point of ignoring good sanitation
and management programs, veterinary
medical authorities warn.
In some areas of the nation, poultry-
men are marketing chickens which have
never had anything other than medicated
Vaccines and drugs used properly can
protect poultry against disease, but some
poultry raisers are relying more on these
measures than on good management.
The constant use of drugs in poultry
feeds may cause illness as well as increas-
ing the resistance of germs to the drugs
to the point where the medications will
be much less effective.
Relying too heavily on home medica-
tion may defeat the purpose of the drugs
and create a very serious long-range



National FFA Convention
By Bob Adams
r |HE FLORIDA delegation to the National
1 Future Farmer Convention in Kan-
sas City, Missouri returned last week.
The attendance from the state was esti-
mated at 200oo, the largest since the Doyle
Conner special. The University of
Florida was well represented by the pres-
ence of National President Bill Gunter
of Live Oak; state delegates, Eugene
Mixon of Bradenton and William Alpin
of Lakewood, the State Association Presi-
dent; other state officers, Ken Cooley of
Miami, Terry Martin of Newberry,
William Timmons of Quincy, and
Richard Kelly of Inverness who served
as alternate delegates.
The American Farmer Degree, FFA's
highest award, was presented to two of
the University students. They were
Eugene Mixon and William Timmons of
Quincy. This award culminates several
years of hard work and achievements for
these boys.
Gene started his FFA work when in
junior high school. He was one of the
charter members of the Manatee chapter
and served as its first president. He served
as the secretary and president of the
Bradenton chapter and was on the live-
stock judging team four years, a member
of the parliamentary procedure team for
four years and sang in the quartet for
two years.
He was selected the Star Chapter Farm-
er in 1952 and was awarded an all ex-
pense trip to the National Convention
by the Kiwanis Club. He attended the
state convention for two years as his
chapter delegate and was elected the
President of the State Association in
1953. While in office he traveled some
14,000 miles and spent 123 days in the
interest o.- the Future Farmer work in the
Gene 1 as attended the National Con-
vention I ur years, serving as a delegate
for three if these, and as chairman of the
National program of work committee
one year.
He car.'ied a very diversified program
of work in his productive projects. He
began with four acres of bearing citrus
and some 687 trees in a citrus nursery.
These have increased to 64 acres of bear-
ing groves and 1o,ooo nursery trees. In-
cluded in the program were dairy cattle
for milk and breeding, beef cattle for
meat, and swine for meat. He now holds
a 1/3 interest in a farming enterprise with
assets totaling $39,584.
Gene was awarded two Rotary awards,
being chosen the most outstanding senior
boy in his class and receiving the special
citation of outstanding leadership. He was
a member of the National Honor Society,

and was voted the boy "Most Likely to
Succeed" in his senior class.
William started his FFA work in the
Quincy chapter and served as secretary
and president of the chapter. He was a
member of the chapter hay, grain and
forage judging team, and the livestock
judging team.
He went to the state convention in
1950, 51, 52, and 53. He was a member
of the State Parliamentary Procedure
team in 1953 played in the winning string
band in 1950, sang in the second place
quartet in 1951, and was on the runnerup
softball team in 1953.
William received his State Farmer
Degree in 1952, was selected the State
Star Farmer, and was elected State Vice-
president, the same year.
William carried as his productive proj-
ects field corn, swine for breeding and
meat, beef cattle for breeding and meat,
poultry for laying and meat, and shade
While in high school William was
President of the National Honor Society,
President of the Glee Club, and was
elected President of his Senior Class.

THE FUTURE Farmer organization is spon-
sored nationally by the United States
Office of Education, in cooperation with
State Boards for Vocational Education.
Each state has a chartered association of
local chapters. There are now approxi-
mately 8800 in U. S. High Schools, 1558
of which were sponsored by Kiwanis
Clubs last year.
The Future Farmer movement started
back in 1917 with congressional passage
of the Smith-Hughes Act. This act pro-
vided federal funds to states, on a match-
ing basis, to encourage development of
vocational agricultural courses in rural
high schools. A boy enlisting in a course
took a project on the home farm, like an
acre of corn or one or more brood sows.
In addition to his textbook work at
school, he worked under the supervision
of his agricultural teacher, who visited
his project and advised him.

The Collegiate FFA Chapter
By John J. Johnston
THE COLLEGIATE Chapter of the Future
Farmers of America held its first
meeting of the 55-56 school year on Sep-
tember 27, 1955.
The Collegiate Chapter of the F. F. A.
is organized for the primary purpose of
assisting prospective teachers of Voca-
tional Agriculture in becoming competent
advisers of the local high school FFA
chapters when they enter the field as
Anyone who is interested in the FFA
or plans to major in Agricultural Ed-
ucation is urged to attend our regular
meetings on the second and fourth Tues-
days of each month at 7:15 p. m., in
Room 150 at P. K. Yonge School.
Officers for the fall semester of 1955-
56 are: Ed. Horton, President; Willard
Anderson, Vice President: John Carver,
Jr., Secretary: Charles Shackleford,
Treasurer: John Johnson, Reporter:
Dudley Heflin, Sentinel: and Mr. W. T.
Loften, Advisor.
Our Chapter has several projects listed
on its program of work for the coming
year some of which are in progress at
the present. A portable exhibit featuring
the FFA and the Vocational Agriculture
program is being constructed for use in
informing the public of our activities on
a local, state and National level. This
exhibit will be shown at various exposi-
tions throughout our state. Watch for
this and other FFA exhibits. Find out
about our farmers of tomorrow!
The Collegiate Chapter will be repre-
sented at the National Convention in
Kansas City, Mo., by Billy Gunter of
Live Oak, national president of the FFA;
Horton, president of our Collegiate Chap-
ter; and John Johnson, reporter.
We feel this will be an instructive
and useful, as well as entertaining year
for our chapter. We hope those who are
interested in our work will see fit to
join us and share in our activities.

THE ROMANS passed a law in 205 B. C. to
prevent women from driving chariots or
riding horses on the streets of Rome.

OUR CROPS are still menaced by 30,000
known diseases.

CHARACTER AND lives are like water, which
can be taken to a higher level by work.

ACHIEVEMENT IS the result of a realiza-
tion of opportunities coupled with intel-
ligently directed hard work.

UNORGANIZED WORK performed without
thought always fixed on a definite goal,
is like rolling a stone up a mountain of
sand.-J. C. Penney


1 -0

FALL, 1955


Retiring FFA National President

A Worthy Organization ... A Striving Individual Success

THOSE WHO are familiar with the Future
Farmers of America, with the 1954-
1955 National President, and with the
things accomplished by this national
officer, will agree that the above expres-
sions, if only more powerful, would be
very appropriate. To an individual who
has done so much for an organization
that has done the same for him, it is
quite difficult to select words of expres-
sion that do not reduce the calibre of
either. In reading over the report sub-
mitted by the National President to the
national organization concerning activi-
ities during his term of office, one be-
comes amazed at the things that were
accomplished therein. It is tiring merely
to read and think about the schedule
followed during this 12 month period,
but it is even more impressive to realize
that the hardest and most time consum-
ing work was not even mentioned in this
account. Surely it should be an inspira-
tion to everyone to look over such an
action packed career as set forth by this
person. Recognizing your talents, your

abilities, and your never ending energy,
joins many organizations and thousands
of individuals across the Nation in tpp-
ping our hat to you.
For such a realm of accomplishments as
are Bill's, where would one start? Well,
with Bill it started back in 1948 when he
received his Green Hand Degree in FFA
at the Suwannee chapter. From this in-
itial step he unfolded the labyrinth of
opportunities and possibilities and laid
them down as his path to success in FFA.
His project program for that year was two
head of beef calves, fifteen chicks, and
one hog. From this point forward, he
proceeded step by step by receiving the
Chapter Farmer degree in 1949; being
named State Star Dairy Farmer in 1952;
receiving the State Farmer Degree, being
elected State Vice President, winning the
State Public Speaking Contest, the Tri
State Public Speaking Contest, and plac-
ing second in the Southern Regional
Public Speaking Contest in 1953; in the
summer of 1954 he was selected as one of

two Future Farmers to go to England in
cooperation with the exchange program
between the Young Farmers Clubs of
Great Britain and the Future Farmers of
the United States. Then in October came
his "Magnificent Obsession" in FFA when
he was elected National President.
Though the above may have seemed
like busy times for Bill, it is only a mere
introduction. Let us follow him for a
short time after election as he presents
in his own words some of his experiences.
"My mind wanders back to an Octo-
ber day in 1954 when in a combined state
of pride, humbleness, and gentle shock, I
:limbed the steps of the platform to as-
sume the duties of National President of
the Future Farmers of America. I clearly
recall gazing out over that vast conven-
tion audience and pondering the great
organization that Future Farmers have
inherited from former members and ad-
visors. I thought of the vision of
the men who established the organization
in 1928, and reminded myself that if we
(Continued on page 16)



Mastitis Treatment
May Affect Milk
by Dr. Van T. Burnette
A LIMITED ban on the sale of milk from
cows treated with antibiotics to com-
bat mastitis has been recommended by
the American Veterinary Medical Associa-
tion committee on public health.
The committee reports the milk may
contain traces of the antibiotic for three
days after the cows have been treated.
Human beings consuming the milk could
build up a resistance to the antibiotic,
which could complicate treatment of
disease later on.

In addition, the use of the milk in
cheese products would be impossible,
because the antibiotic traces would inhibit
the lactic starters, preventing fermenta-
Under federal food and drug laws, the
committee said, milk containing traces
of the drug can be considered adulterated
and subject to seizure by federal agents.
The committee also recommended that
measures be taken to inform dairy herd
owners of the dangers of lay medication,
and the importance of securing competent
professional advice in the treatment of
animal diseases, especially as regards the
promiscuous use of antibiotics.

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FALL, 1955


by "Eddy" Nix

1955 Swift Essay Contest Winner

A s MILLIONS of people all over the
United States sit down to the table
to eat a meal, the chances are that always
some portion of that meal will be some
type of meat. We all know that meat is
rich in nutritional value. Therefore,
almost always, there will be some kind of
meat on the menu. This modern genera-
tion has come to take for granted that
the meat will be there. Little do they
realize the many different steps that have
been made in order to bring that meat
product to the consuming public. I wish
at this point to discuss the major step and
its development in bringing meat pro-
lucts to the consumer-the meat packing
Let's go back to the origin of the in-
dustry; back to the times of the colonial
settlers, when meat packing first began.
Packing began in the New England set-
tlements early in the 16oo's, shortly after
the Pilgrims settled in the new land-
America. Packed meats, primarily cured
and smoked pork products, were prepar-
ed for the growing population of the
settlements. Some pork was packed for
export: for the increasing number of
ships that sailed back and forth from
New England ports, for trade with South-
ern plantation colonies and the import-
int trade with the West Indies.
Meat packing spread along the colonial
seaboard, as before, for local consump-
tion. As a part of the industry, the tan-
ning of hides and the working of leather
for saddles, shoes, plow reins, etc., devel-
oped and became a common colonial oc-
cupation. All these industrial pursuits
were carried on as domestic work or in
small shops.
After the American Revolution and the
development of the Federal Union, rapid
growth of city population made greater
amounts of packed meats for city inhabi-
tants necessary. A new demand came
:rom the greater number of settlers in the
Middle West. Cincinnati, whose first
packing house was established in 1818,
became the great packing center, until
bypassed by Chicago in the 186o's and
after. The biggest packing establishments
were organized by industrial capitalists,

The winner of the 19th Annual Swift
Essay Contest is Edward V. Nix, an
animal husbandry major from Lake-
land, Florida. Eddy will graduate in
June of 1957, and at that time plans
to go back to Lakeland to enter the
cattle business with his father.
The purpose of the Swift Essay Con-
test is to enable some outstanding agri-
cultural students to attend a portion of
the International Livestock Exposition in
Chicago and to observe the marketing
of livestock and meat products.
The subject of the Essay dealt with
any phase of the livestock and meat
industry, which includes the meat pack-
ing business and methods used to dis-
tribute and sell meats, poultry, eggs,
butter, and cheese.
The winner of this contest receives an
all-expense paid trip to Chicago. The
schedule as presented to this year's
winner is as follows: December 4, review
history, growth, and problems of the
livestock and meat industry; December
5, conference with head livestock buyers
and department heads to survey whole-
sale meat trade conditions and market
receipts. Accompany buyers as they
actually bid for livestock; December 6,
discussion of buying orders and livestock
buying. Trip through meat packing
plant; December 7, trip to sales units of
meat packing company to observe
wholesale selling and trading of meat
and dairy and poultry products; Decem-
ber 8, sight-seeing trip.

among them, Samuel Kingan.
Up to the 188o's, meat packing was a
small scale enterprise. Meat "packers"
included commission merchants, dealers,
farmers, stock raisers, and drovers. A
number of packing centers developed,
including Cincinnati, St. Louis, and
Chicago, but a good part of meat slaught-
ering and packing was done in small
rural plants by country butchers.
A series of technical inventions laid
the basis for the industrialization of pack-
ing. Railroads brought off-season vege-
tables and fruits to city markets. Refrige-
ration came into increasing use with the
invention of the ice-cutter in the 184o's
and the cold-storage plant some years
later. The earlier invention of the tin
can for preserving food got a tremen-
dous boost during the Civil War, and by
1870 canned food, including meat, made
an increasing contribution to the food
supply of city dwellers. Meats were first
canned on a large scale for Civil War
Refrigeration and the refrigerated car
provided a stimulant for the intensive
industrialization of packing. One of the

few meat packers to hold patents re-
lating to refrigeration was T. D. Kingan.
The big packers seized upon these inven-
tions and, through their control of re-
frigerated cars and cold-storage plants,
began to stifle competition while they
built monopoly.
The first shipments of refrigerated
meat were made in the summer of 1867
by George N. Hammond, who began to
ship fresh meat in refrigerated cars from
a plant in Chicago to Boston. By 1877,
G. F. Swift had established a refrigerated-
meat business at his Chicago Union
Stockyards. Refrigeration transformed
meat packing and distribution of its pro-
ducts into a highly organized industry.
The Union Army's enormous demand
for packed meats during the Civil War
gave industrial packing its real economic
start. Government contracts provided the
money with which enterprising packers
for the export trade, like Kingan, and
country butchers and merchants, among
them Philip Armour, Gustavus Swift and
Nelson Morris, began to bring together
and integrate the different phases of meat
slaughtering and packing. Among the
more enterprising merchants was Philip
Armour and Gustavus Swift.
Meat packing became an industry when
packers provided cash markets for live-
stock and, a bit later, stockyards where
animals were sold; then they built large
industrial plants for slaughtering and
packing and for transformation of ani-
mal waste into many by-products.
What happened to meat-packing after
the Civil War parallels the development
of industrial capitalism into monopoly
capitalism. Independent small-scale pro-
duction, with a relative multitude of
small packers producing for a free com-
petitive market where there was a free
play of price, profits and wages, and only
a few wage workers were organized into
unions, gave way to large-scale industry
and, later, to Unionism. Labor organized
in spite of opposition from the packers,
who invoked against Unionism the theory
of a "free market" which large-scale mon-
opoly packing worked to destroy.
A summary of 9 dynamic factors in the
(Continued on page x6)



A Are You Going to Do?
you finish college WHAT

WHAT? Are You Going to Be?

Food retailing offers you employment in one of the largest, most stable industries of our country.
Work in pleasant surroundings, with alert, aggressive, progressive people. Food retailing is not
monotonous; new scene and situations develop daily.
All jobs in retailing are not behind the counter. There are department heads, supervisors,
assistant managers, buyers and other jobs which offer unusual opportunity to those fitted and
trained to fill them.
If you are interested in making your success in Food Retailing write or apply to Personnel Manager of

5050 Edgewood Court Jacksonville, Fla.

For maximum work-hours per gallon




Tom Chaires and Son

Registered and Commercial Brahman Cattle
Featuring Manso & Imperator Breeding

Bradenton Phones: 2-8191 Florida



FALL, 1955

Meat Packing

(Continued from page 14)
expansion and industrialization of meat
packing will further illustrate the devel-
opment of meat-packing into an industry:
1. The expansion and industrialization
of production in general, with its rapid
mechanization of industry and the large-
scale organization of production and
2. The mechanization of slaughtering
and packing in the meat industry, which
raised the volume of packed meats while
lowering costs and prices, thus increasing
the consumption of meat products of all
3. A growing network of railroad
transportation in particular the comple-
tion and expansion of the great trans-
continental railroads. This development
made it possible to ship more animals and
animal products more cheaply to and
from the packing centers to markets, to
cities whose numbers and population
kept on growing.
4. The invention and increasing use
of refrigeration, especially the refrige-
rated car without which the development
of railroads would not in itself, have been
enough for transportation of large ship-
ments of meats to far-flung cities. Refrige-
ration through chilling the carcass is in-
dispensable for long-distance shipment of
fresh meat.
5. A complex network of national and
international facilities for the distribu-
tion of meat products. The facilities
eventually included refrigerated cars and
trucks; refrigerated warehouses for the
storage of beef quarter and smaller an-
imal stock; distribution branch houses;
with coolers and storerooms for perish-
able and non-perishable supplies of meat,
poultry and dairy products, to serve large
communities; refrigerated-car routes to
serve smaller communities, and refrige-
rated ships for the export trade.
6. The establishment of stockyards at
central points, which assured a regular
market for livestock producer and a reg-
ular supply of livestock for the packers.
By 1890 around seven tenths of all cattle
were slaughtered by packing plants in
and around 5 cities-Chicago, Kansas
City, Omaha, St. Joseph, and St. Louis.
7. A constant growth of the livestock
industry, accompanied by scientific ad-
vances in animal husbandry. The in-
dustry grew not only on the cattle
ranches of the Western grazing lands but
on Middle Western farms. These farms
became great producers of swine. Im-
proved livestock breeding and feeding
helped to increase the number of an-
imals and resulted in large amounts of
choice, nutritional meats.
8. An increasing diversification of out-
put, including increasing production of
by-products from waste. The processing

of fresh and canned meats was quickly
followed by the processing of poultry and
dairy products. Utilization of waste for
the manufacture of by-products added
more savings and economics to those
ich'eved by large-scale production and
full utilization of plant capacity. An
astonishing variety of by-products, as a
result of increasing chemical control, be-
came a major part of the packing in-
Justry's output. These included not only
edible products (hearts, livers, oils, lard,
oleo, etc.), but inedible products that
ranged from skins, hides, pulled wool,
and strings to soap, commercial fertiliz-
ers, pharmaceuticals, and animal and
poultry feeds. No parts of the animal are
wasted, whether skin, bones, sinews,
blood, glands, viscera or fat.
9. Constantly more efficient industrial
organization, equipment and manage-
ment. The technical-managerial em-
ployees of the meat-packing industry did
an outstanding job of organization and
direction. Machines alone do not create
the marvels of production efficiency;
directive skills also are needed. More
efficient plant layout of machines and
more efficient handling of materials and
products by means of mechanical equip-
ment was developed. Labor was more
effectively organized and used. Develop-
ment of new products and constant, if
at times slow, and with lapses, improve-
ments of quality also characterized pack-
ing management.
Technological improvement moved
rapidly in the packing industry, with
Gustavus Swift and Philip Armour es-
pecially, always pressing for more mech-
anization. The overhead conveyor was
already in general use by the 187o's. On
this chain hooked carcasses move through
automatic processes of scalding and
scraping, and then whirl off to the chill
rooms after being eviserated.
Around the overhead conveyor devel-
oped an ever-growing variety of ma-
chines and equipment for hoisting, con-
veying, loading and storing; for slaught-
ering, rendering, and cutting; for cook-
ing and smoking, for sterilizing, pack-
aging, etc. In by-products, too, the
amount of machinery and equipment
kept increasing. And it all moved to-
ward greater automatic production.
So next time you sit down to a table
to eat a pork chop, T-bone steak, or a
leg of lamb, stop briefly to remember and
appreciate the role that the meat-pack-
ing industry had in bringing that meat
to you-the consumer.

fertilizer hopper that won't rust, corrode
or lose its original shape is being manufac-
tured for use on corn planters.

NEARLY 48 PERCENT of Florida's 34-7 million
acres acres of land is in farms.

(Continued fron page 12)
take this heritage unthinkingly and for
granted, we take the first step toward
losing it. My wish expressed to the 27th
national convention assembly was, 'may
the Heavenly Father grant us all the
foresight and ability we need to live
worthily as members of the FFA.'
"My official duties began during the
final session of our 27th convention when
I accepted the gavel from retiring Pres-
ident David Boyne. Before leaving Kan-
sas City, I appeared on several radio and
TV programs, including N.B.C.'s Nation-
al Farm and Home Hour, and also en-
joyed riding in the American Royal
Parade procession with former Senator
Harry Darby of Kansas."
"On Sunday, October 17, I left the
convention filled with eager anticipation
at the prospects of the coming year, yet
solemnly aware of the responsibilities and
challenges that were ahead."
"Soon I was fully occupied with a tight
schedule of meetings, including fall fairs,
Farm organizations, civic clubs, and FFA
chapters Among my most enjoyable as-
signments during these early weeks in
office was a series of talks and slide
presentations on my impressions of Brit-
ish agriculture, industry, and living cus-
toms, gained during the previous summer
while traveling as a participant in the
FFA Exchange Program."
"During the opening days of 1955, I
was kept busy by the advent of the FFA
banquet season. After speaking before
several of these local groups, I drove
to Tallahassee with State President Colin
Williamson to obtain a proclamation
from Governor Leroy Collins which
would initiate National FFA Week in
Florida the following month."
"On January 25, the semester com-
pleted at the University of Florida, I
traveled to Washington, D. C. to begin
four of the most interesting and worth-
while weeks of my life. It was a pleasure
to join my fellow officers again and to
hear of their grand experiences since
October. The following days in the Na-
tion's Capital included a meeting with
representatives of donors to the FFA
Foundation, the January National Stu-
dent Officers' business sessions held in
conjunction with the National Board of
Directors, a visit to the Supply Service
and national magazine offices, and a
leadership training school conducted by
Dr. Tenney, National Executive Secre-
tary. In addition, we found time to meet
with officials in government, business,
and agricultural organizations. A lunch-
eon provided by General Motors; a din-
ner meeting with representatives of the
Foundation for American Agriculture; a
visit with Herschel Newson, Master of the
(Continued on page 20)



New Plan Proposed

To Help in Raising

Low Farm Incomes

THE FEDERAL Government has proposed
a plan for cooperative approach to
an old problem which affects the econom-
ic health and welfare of the whole Na-
tion, says H. G. Clayton, director of the
Florida Agricultural Extension Service.
The problem is that of providing better
opportunities for farm families in areas
where income from agriculture is low.
Census figures for 1950 showed that
more than one-fourth of the U. S. farm
families had an annual cash income of
less than $i,ooo. Some of these families
are part-time farmers. Most of them live
on small farms. Some of the farm opera-
tors are old or in poor health, but the
majority are able bodied adults who could
do much better in providing for them-
selves and their families if they were
helped to find more productive farming
methods or some means of earning sup-
plemental income off the farm. Their
present low standards of living mean
human misery, poor health, lack of op-
portunity for their children, and a drain
upon the Nation's strength-economi-
cally, socially, and militarily.
A plan presented to Congress by Presi-
dent Eisenhower and based upon recom-
mendations growing out of a study by
the U. S. Department of Agriculture and
the National Agricultural Advisory Com-
mission calls for a coordinated attack
upon this problem, with local, State, and
Federal agencies helping individual low-
income farm families to achieve their
own goals for better living.
The plan, according to Mr. Clayton,
includes such elements as expanded ag-
ricultural extension service adapted to
the needs of farmers with limited re-
sources, research in areas suited to their
needs, additional credit, increased tech-
nical assistance, expanded vocational
training, and development of supple-
mental employment opportunities in
rural areas.
The program submitted to Congress
suggests that "pilot" programs in line
with the overall plan should be started
as soon as possible in at least 50 of the
approximately 1,ooo farming counties
where farm income is too low by pres-
ent United States standards. The first
programs would provide experience in
finding the most effective approaches to
the problem of increasing opportunities
in these areas.
Under Secretary of Agriculture True
D. Morse has been designated as the
major USDA official responsible for di-
rection and coordination of the Depart-
ment of Agriculture's part in the pro-

But the plan envisions the participa-
tion of local civic and business leader-
ship, farm organizations, schools, church-
es, community and service clubs, as well
as local, State, and Federal Govern-
ment agencies, in developing a full-scale
long-range assault on the problem of
improving the standard of living in less
productive farm communities, Mr. Clay-
ton states.

Use Milk and Be Slim
ESEARCH HAS shown that a person on
a reducing diet gets along best when
he consumes more protein than usual.
This is a good reason for including plenty
of milk, particularly skim milk or butter-
milk, in a slimming diet.
Skim milk or buttermilk contains all
the nutrients of whole milk except fat
and vitamin A, yet a cup of skim milk
or buttermilk contains only 85 calories
as compared with 165 calories in a cup
of whole milk.

Handy Hints
KEEP YOUR eggs cold and damp and
handle them carefully to maintain their
high quality during the summer, says
Dr. Clyde Driggers of the University of
Florida Agricultural Experiment Sta-
When the thermometer is registering
90 degrees or above regularly, it's es-
pecially important to handle eggs care-
fully and refrigerate them properly if
they are to be of high quality when they
reach the consumer's table. Maintaining
high quality in eggs is up to the pro-
ducer, handler, and consumer, the poul-
try husbandman emphasizes. "Treat an
egg like you treat a bottle of milk, and
it will be of high quality," he sug-

APPLICATION OF 5 percent chlordane dust
or bait to the surface of the soil is effec-
tive in controlling cutworms, grasshop-
pers, and mole-crickets in the vegetable

BEAN RUST may be prevented by spraying
or dusting with sulphur as soon as the
first true leaves appear and repeating ap-
plications at intervals of five to seven
days until a few days before the crop is
ready for picking. For spraying, use 50
to 1oo gallons per acre of a mixture of
to to 15 pounds of wettable sulphur and
ioo gallons of water. For dusting, apply
15 to 25 pounds of finely divided dusting
sulphur per acre.

IF PEOPLE would watch where they were
going, their followers would not stumble
so often.


Team Serves

John Q. Citizen

Farmers comprise about 13 percent of
the U. S. population. The remaining
87 percent of citizens seldom reflect on
how the farmer or farmer inspired re-
search touch their daily lives. But the re-
lationship was brought home forcefully
by Secretary of Agriculture Benson in a
talk to the Kiwanis International at Cleve-
John Q. Citizen's morning shower was
a success-though he didn't appreciate it
perhaps-because his soap came from ag-
ricultural products such as animal and
vegetable fats and oils, rosin. The deep
South's cotton fields furnished his towel,
Benson pointed out.
When he pulled on his clothes, farmers
probably didn't get credit for growing
the fibers that made these articles. Widely
scattered farm operations gave the citi-
zen his tie, linens, shirt, suit and other
items. And he didn't realize, either, that
his good leather shoes were a possibility
because the farmer-USDA team worked
hard at stamping out cattle diseases and
building a magnificent cattle industry.
When he downed his breakfast, he
didn't thank the USDA for helping devel-
op the frozen orange juice concentrate;
standardizing the purity of his coffee
cream; for the sugar which may have
been a variety introduced from abroad;
for the eggs from poultry bred and fed
under USDA recommendations; for the
bacon stamped and graded for his safety;
for bread made from graded and inspect-
ed and enriched wheat.
When he scooted the kids out the door
to school, he didn't know the USDA was
protecting them. How? The farmer-USDA
team cooperated in developing brightly
colored cloth for kids' suits; auto drivers
see brightly-clad children much easier.
And he probably didn't appreciate that
the lumber in his house was perhaps
there because the same old team had
worked hard at timber-raising and con-
Benson pointed out that farmer in-
spired research affects all citizens in many
ways. For instance, the Panama Canal is
an economic entity, one might say-but
the USDA test-tubed out the answer to
yellow fever, which had laid by the heels
all previous attempts at building the
And penicillin, the greatest life-saving
item of recent years? You might not have
it in quantity now except that agricul-
tural researchers first developed the
means of producing it in big amounts.


FALL, 1955

More Carotene For The South

Is Important to Livestock Men

CAROTENE, OR pro-vitamin A, is very
important to you if you raise poultry
or pigs, or if you milk dairy cows. Unless
your pastures are exceptionally good, the
chances are you should supply vitamin A
at least part of the year to your dairy
cows and pigs; with chickens, a vitamin
A supplement in the diet is a must. You'll
need it too if you fatten beef cattle in a
feed lot.
Alfalfa leaf meal is the standard pro-
duct used to supply this needed caro-
tene in feeds. It is usually shipped into
the Southern States from some other part
of the country. This involves shipping
costs, made more expensive by the freight
rate differentials.
Scientists at the Animal Nutrition Lab-
oratory of the Florida Agricultural Ex-
periment Station have discovered that
grasses grown on the muck soils of Flor-
ida are much richer in carotene than
alfalfa-as much as seven to eight times
richer, in the case of the Sweet Sudan
grass. The Sweet Sudan grass had the
highest carotene content of any of the
grasses. It ran as high as 800,ooo inter-
national units of carotene per pound.
Dr. George K. Davis, head of the Nu-
trition Laboratory, first got on track
of these carotene-rich grasses last year
when a sample was sent in from the
Everglades area for analysis. John T.
McCall, who made the analysis, found
this sample tested almost 400oo,ooo units of
carotene per pound. This is almost four
times the amount found in good alfalfa.
Astounded by this high carotene con-
tent, Dr. Davis made a special trip to the
Everglades to collect his own samples.
All of them showed a high carotene con-
tent. Muck-grown alfalfa tested 155,000
units per pound, fescue tested 347,000
units, and Sweet Sudan (mentioned
above) tested at a high of almost 800oo,ooo000
units. Dr. Davis' sample of Carib grass
tested at 340,ooo units of carotene per
pound after four months storage.
Since that time, Dr. Davis and McCall
have tested many of the native muck-
grown pasture species. Almost all of them
have proven amazingly high in carotene.
Here's what this could mean to you as
a Southern livestock producer. With a
good source of carotene in the South,
this vital food factor would be cheaper,
because of cheaper shipping costs. Also,
these muck-grown grasses have more
carotene per pound. You would be able
to supply more vitamin A to your ani-
mals or birds at the same cost, or cut
your feed bills while continuing to feed
adequate amounts. Tests here have
proved Carib and Para grass meals are
good substitutes for alfalfa leaf meal in

chick rations.
Most of the muck-grown grasses run
high in protein as well as carotene. Dr.
Davis says they checked between 2o and
30 percent protein, while alfalfa usually
runs about 20 percent. This high pro-
tein content would be another point in
favor of the Southern-grown grasses.
There is plenty of muck land avail-
able in Florida for growing an ample
supply of these carotene-rich grasses.
Muck-which is an organic soil that will
burn like wood when dry-exists by the
millions of acres in the State. Much of
Florida's muck land isn't even cleared
These same grasses test very high in
chlorophyll, according to Dr. Davis and
his associates. Dried green grasses usually
yield considerable less than eight pounds
per ton of this material. But Sweet Sudan
grown on muck soils usually averaged
14 pounds per ton. Alfalfa grown on
muck soils averaged 11 pounds per ton.
"Our tests here have shown con-
clusively that we have a high quality
forage for poultry and cattle in Florida,"
Dr. Davis says. "In addition, we have a
potentially rich source of carotene and

Farm Product's Surplus

Still Offset by Hunger
AMERICAN CROPS are flourishing-yet in
the world, people go to bed hungry
every night.
Mountainous surpluses of food-stuffs
give government officials migrane head-
aches-but millions in the world would
trade their birthright for five year's sup-
ply of food for their families.
This ridiculous situation-man-made
to some extent by tariff barriers, plain in-
difference to human needs, and cupidity,
was pointed up recently. Source was the
United Nation's Food and Agriculture
Says the UNFAO: Food production
has increased 25 per cent in the last to
years; food production is keeping ahead
of population growth; there is 20 per
cent more rice, milk and cotton products
than before World War II; 30 per cent
more wheat, fats and meat; 50 per cent
more fruit and sugar; and 80 per cent
more rubber.
And get this: "Despite this greater
abundance of agricultural products, many
Far Eastern and some Latin American
countries have a food-consumption rate
that is far below the very inadequate
prewar levels."
The UN organization laid the blame

on four things: One, production of some
items in some countries had far outstrip-
ped consumption, causing surpluses; two
rigid production systems prevent rapid
changeovers when consumer demand for
one product shifts to another; three,
world trade stagnation in agricultural
products, due principally to nations' de-
sires to import capital goods; and four,
the low level of farm incomes.
This situation-no pun intented-is
food for thought. It is probably accurate
to assign the surfeit-hunger status to ec-
onomic reasons; to support the argument
with reams of figures on tariff rules; to
blame totalitarian rulers; to shrug the
shoulders and say, "What can you do
about it?"
The plain fact is that hunger in any
person within reach of a transport system
is shocking, if one nation is letting sur-
pluses rot in storage. It is unchristian,
wasteful and foolish. It breeds hate by
the have-nots for the haves.
Maybe the time has come for some
government heads to sit down WITH-
OUT the tax and transport specialists in
attendance, and simply say: "You've got
wheat; we haven't; you can spare it-and
we'll buy it somehow."

Dogs Can Get Brucellosis Too
M OST FARMERS now know that brucellosis
is their number one beef and dairy
problem. But few people know that dogs
also can get brucellosis from infected
It's a fact, says the American Veterinary
Medical Association which points out
that farm dogs are naturally more fre-
quently infected with brucellosis than
city dogs.
Because of their close contact with
farm livestock, it's even possible that a
brucelia-infected dog could be a potential
carrier of this disease, authorities say.
Worse yet, there is a remote chance that
the owner himself might get undulant
fever, the human form of brucellosis,
from his dog. This has happened before.
In one instance, seven of fourteen naval
officers who unknowingly allowed a dis-
eased dog in their quarters became
infected with undulant fever.
All of which adds up to another reason
for starting a sound brucellosis program
on every farm.

FUMIGATION IN an air-tight bin or other
storage place is the most effective and
satisfactory way of controlling weevils in
stored corn. Carbon bisulphide is effec-
tive as a fumigant, as it kills weevils and
other pests that attack corn. It must be
handled carefully, however, because its
fumes are explosive and flammable.




You can see the free-
flowing, easy drilling
quality of V-C Fertilizer as
soon as you open the
bag. V-C Fertilizer flows
through your distributor
smoothly and evenly.

Run your hands down into the smooth,
mellow mixture and let it pour through
your fingers. V-C Fertilizer is mealy, loose
and dry...and it stays that way in all kinds
of weather. V-C Fertilizer stays in good con-
dition, when stored in a dry building.

When you distribute V-C Fertilizer, every
plant in your field gets its full share of V-C's
better plant foods. Your crop comes up to
a good stand...makes healthy growth...
develops a strong root system...has vigor to
resist disease and adverse weather...and
produces abundant yields.

Virginia-Carolina Chemical Corporation

More Pigs Double Breeding
By Dr. Van T. Burnette
TO TEST its effects, 4 sows of one breed
were bred on their first day of estrus
to a boar of a second breed and on the
third day to a boar of a third breed; all
were purebred animals with distinctive
coloring. The sows farrowed 46 pigs
whose color indicated that 16 were from
the second breeding. By this method, the
breeder increased his litter average nearly
50 per cent over the previous years, when
field breeding was used.

LEAVING SEVERAL rows of corn or other
grain unharvested near woods, hedge
rows, windbreaks, and field corners will
help to increase the number of game
birds on the farm.

ONE PAIR of houseflies and their progeny,
if all survived, could produce 9i1 quin-
tillion young in a single season. These
would weigh 9g trillion tons and make
a pile occupying 11ot quadrillion cubic


Heart Bar Ranch

Kissimmee, Florida

Phone TIlden 6-5603

...your Ames system is expertly engi-
neered to your needs. Free planning
service. Get in touch with us today.



FALL, 1955

The Ag. Barbeque

" LL YOU Can Eat" was the theme and
"Aadvertising line for the 1955 Agricul-
tural Barbecue. "All we could feed," was
the result of the same event. An expected
400 and an attendance of more than 650
hungry "All you can Eaters" upset the
inadequate facilities that had been pre-
pared. However, partially because of this
unexpectedly high attendance, the 1955
Agricultural Barbecue stands head and
shoulders above the past barbecues in
the eyes of success.
The Agricultural Barbecue is spon-
sored annually by the Agricultrural Coun-
cil for the purpose of welcoming the
freshmen who have indicated in registra-
tion that they will be entering the Col-
lege of Agriculture following their Uni-
versity College training. With this in
mind, the entire program directed to ful-
fill this purpose.
The one hour program opened with
the invocation led by Rev. Thaxton
Methodist Church in Gainesville.
Later entertainment was provided by
the Rainbow Troubadors string band and
the Alachua FFA Quartet.
Provost of Agriculture Willard M.
Fifield addressed the crowd and extended
an official welcome to the freshmen. He
explained some of the many advances
that are being made by the College of
Agriculture and affiliated branches.
mentioning primarially the new building
structures that are being constructed.
He encouraged the freshmen to become
familiar with the College and to take
advantage of the opportunities it offers.
Two awards were presented, Alpha
Zeta's Freshman-Sophomore Award and
Awards. Each year, Alpha Zeta honors
one of its members who has completed
his sophomore year in the University and
has done outstandinly both from a schol-
astic standpoint and in the extra cur-
ricular activities field. It is quite easy
to justify the selection of Bill Gunter
after reading the article that is pub-
lished in this issue on his experiences in
FFA. The award was presented by Asst.
Dean Brooker and consisted of the ad-
dition of the recipient's name to a plaque
that appears in the Dean's office.
Awards are presented each year for out-
standing work done on the magazine.
The awards were presented by the
Chairman of the Faculty Advisory Com-
mittee, Dr. J. Clyde Driggers, to Art
Duchaine and George Milicevic, Jr. Art
was Business Manager to the FARMER
last year and carried it financially
through a successful year. He is now a
graduate student studying in the field of
Poultry Husbandry. Art is to be com-
mended on his work with this magazine,
(Continued on opposite page)

(Continued from page 16)
National Grange, and his associates; an
informal luncheon with American In-
stitute of Cooperation leaders and rep-
resentatives of other national agricultural
groups: a profitable discussion session,
with Mr. Wheeler McMillen, Editor of
"Farm Journal," and his son Robert
McMillen, assistant to the U. S. Secre-
tary of Agriculture, serving as hosts; and
a luncheon in the Capital Building ar-
ranged by Senators Holland and Smath-
ers of Florida, with Vice President
Richard Nixon, former Secretary of
Health and Welfare, Oveta Culp Hobby,
and the senators of the officers home
states being present, were among the
memorial experiences of the week.
"February 2, our last day in Washing-
ton, will always be remembered as one
of the most thrilling days of my life, for
at that time the national officers visited
the White House for a conference with
the President of the United States. It
was inspiring to hear President Eisen-
hower fondly recall his association with
or organization at the Silver Anniversary
Convention, which he addressed two
years ago. We were also privileged to
interview Secretary Hobby and Commis-
sioner of Education S. M. Brownell.
"Later, that same day, Dr. Spanton,
our National Advisor; Dr. Tenney and
the officers boarded a northbound train
to begin three weeks of visits with friends
of the FFA in business and industry.
Every year, this Good-Will Tour provides
the opportunity for leaders of business,
industry, and national organizations to
become better acquainted with our organ-
ization. At the same time, it gives the
national officers a first-hand view of the
activities of the groups visited, and a
chance to meet and exchange ideas with
the executives who direct their affairs."
"Our party arrived in New York City
on the morning of February 3. Soon we
were busy following the intensive sched-
ule of the day, which included a confer-
ence with officials of Esso Standard Oil
Company, lunch as guest of American
Cyanamid Company, and a tour of a
U. S. Rubber Company plant across the
river in Newark, New Jersey. February
4, found us visiting the offices of the
Dairymen's League Cooperative, eating
lunch with representatives of the Met-
ropolititan Life Insurance Company, and
other outstanding business leaders, and
discussing the importance of chemicals
in agriculture at a dinner meeting with
executives of Allied-Chemical and Dye
Corporation. The following morning we
met Mr. Phil Alampi, National Broad-
casting Company Farm Director and a
former American Farmer and Vocational
Agriculture teacher, who interviewed us
[or a series of transcribed radio programs

to be broadcast during FFA Week. On
February 7, the officers visited the Fed-
eral Reserve Bank of New York and par-
ticipated in an interesting tour and dis-
cussion there. At noon, we went to the
Waldorf Astoria Hotel for lunch with
officials of the Grocery Manufacturers of
America, Inc. Following this fine occa-
sion, and as our final appointment in
New York, we were thrilled to have the
opportunity of appearing on the "Voice
of Firestone" radio and TV program with
Mr. Raymond Firestone."
Our next stop was in the steel city of
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, where we were
graciously received by officials of the U.
S. Steel Corporation, enjoyed lunch as a
courtesy of Westinghouse Electric Corp-
oration, and were guest of the Aluminum
Company of America for a fine tour and
dinner meeting."
"Late that evening we traveled by train
to Akron, Ohio, in order to meet Febru-
ary 9 and to engagements with the var-
ious rubber companies of that city. Rep-
resentatives of Goodyear Tire and Rub-
ber Company were our host for breakfast
the following morning after which we
toured several factory buildings, includ-
ing an aircraft plant, and had lunch with
additional Goodyear executives. The re-
maining portion of the day was profitably
spent inspecting the research laboratories
of B. F. Goodrich and enjoying fellow-
ship with leaders of this company at a
dinner given in our honor. The General
Tire and Rubber Company was our
breakfast host the next morning. Follow-
ing a visit to their display room, we join-
ed officials of Firestone Tire and Rubber
Company for lunch and an interesting
period of discussion. During the evening
we were privileged to relax and partake
of a delicious, home-cooked meal at the
farm residence of Mr. and Mrs. Raymond
Firestone, located near Akron."
The above is just a very short preview
of only a portion of the twelve months
spent as president, a period which found
Bill attending 9 state conventions, mak-
ing 204 speeches, and appearing on 44
radio and television broadcasts.
In conclusion we might again use Bill's
thoughts: "Words seem so inadequate at
this time when I would like to express
my gratitude to the many people who
helped to make the past year of un-
believable opportunities possible. The
first to be thanked are the thousands of
members of the Future Farmers of Amer-
ica, for without their support I would not
be here today. I will always remember the
gracious hospitality extended to me by
FFA friends that were visited in 40 states."
"Finally, I am humbly thankful to the
Father in Heaven, that in His great
wisdom He saw fit to allow me to serve
as the National President of the Future
Farmers of America. My Hope is that I
might always live within His Will."



Dairy Plant Superintendents
By Charles Dunnigan
HE 18TH Annual Dairy Plant Superin-
tendants Conference was held at the
Dairy Products Laboratory October 13th-
15th. It was sponsored jointly by the
Department of Dairy Science, Florida
Agricultural Experiment Station, and the
Dairy Plant Operations Committee of the
Florida Dairy Association.
The welcome address was given by
Dr. E. L. Fouts, Head of the Dairy Science
Department. Men from various southern
states and Illinois were speakers on the
program, speaking on topics of interest to
the group.
The purpose of this annual conference
is to inform those in the dairy products
industry of the information that has been
obtained through continuous research
for better dairy products in addition to
some of the newer problems that have
been encountered. Also newer and faster
methods of cleaning equipment by use of
high temperatures and short time pro-
cesses were elaborated upon.
On Saturday morning a vanilla ice
cream clinic was held. Dr. L. E. Mull and
Professor W. A. Krienke of the Dairy
Science Department judged the ice cream
and offered constructive critcisms. Dr. T.
R. Freeman, Professor of Dairying in
charge of dairy manufacturing at the
University of Kentucky and a Former
University of Florida professor, elaborated
on the comments of Dr. Mull and Prof.
Most of the ice cream samples came
from different manufacturers within this
state, however some came from neighbor-
ing states. A sample of Diet Dessert (low
calorie ice cream) was sent from Lexing-
ton, Kentucky. The samples were received
at the Dairy Products Lab. where they
underwent a complete laboratory analysis
conducted by graduate students, Howard
Young, "Bud" Creeps, and Art Leach.
This was done in order that all available
statistics could be utilized by the judges
in grading the products properly.

THERE is no excuse for not keeping power
take-off and other farm machinery shields
in place, says Thomas C. Skinner, en-
gineer with the Florida Agricultural Ex-
tension Service. The National Safety
Council reports that too many farmers
leave their shields in the implement shed
or misplace them entirely.
Florida farmers will be using their ma-
chinery more now that another season is
almost here and they should check all
safety guards in order to avoid injuries
and resulting loss of time and manpower.
"See that all shields are in place before
an implement is taken to the field," Mr.
Skinner warns.

Ag. Barbeque con'd.

(Continued from page 18)
since the position of Business Manager
is one of the most responsible positions
on the staff.
George Milicevic is an undergraduate
in Dairy Husbandry and is, of course,
the present editor of the FARMER.
In conclusion, a recognition and thanks
should be extended to those who par-
ticipated in the administration of this
barbecue. Henry Baker, chairman of the
food committee, Lawrence Shackelford,
chairman of the ticket committee, and
Herman Jones, President of Ag. Council,

ill deserve a higher recognition than
:an be given here.
As for next year's barbecue, we say for
sure, "All You Can Eat."

UNITED STATES farmers operate 60 to 65
percent of all farm tractors in the world.

ONE HOUR'S take-home pay today will buy
more and better food than an average
hour's take home pay would 30 years ago.

ABOUT ONE-fourth of some of our fruits
and vegetables spoil before they reach
consumers' tables.

Patronize Your Advertisers.


Every cattleman knows the answer: Assuming the same blood
lines and care, the calf with the greatest early growth is your
"money-in-the-bank" animal!
TUXEDO CALF FEED is packed with exactly what it takes
for that early spurt, and because it's a complete calf feed (pel-
lets and coarse feed) that makes gruel feeding unnecessary,
you're ahead on time and labor, too!
Fortified with both Vitamin A Feeding Oil and Wheat Germ
Oil, rich in Vitamins E and D-2, TUXEDO CALF FEED is
a carefully balanced blend of twenty-two food elements guar.
anteed to supply all nutritional requirements of your calves up
to 4 months of age, when supplemented with good legume hay.
EE Your nearby Tuxedo Dealer has it-ask for TUX-
EDO CALF FEED for greatest early growth without
gruel feeding!



FALL, 1955

Subscribe Today
Florida Union Building
Gainesville, Florida




Rates-$ .50 Per Yr.-$1.00 for 2 Yrs.



"Everything for the Student"








301 N. W. 13th St.

"Where Friends
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Our 64th Year
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Hardware Building Supplies
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Radio Television
Outboard Motors Boats

Phone 8531

H. M. Chitty & Co.

"South side of
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Everything in
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to Advertisers

Allis Chalm ers ................... 21
Baird Hardware Co ................. 20
Campus Shop and Book Store ........ 20
Chaires Ranch ..................... 17
Growers Fertilizer Co................ 3
H. O. Partin & Sons .................17
H. 1M Chitty C: Co................. .20
H unpty-Dumpty Restaurant ........20
International Harvester .............22
John Deer &. Co.................... 2
Kilgore Seed Co ................... 13
M inneapolis-Moline ................ 5
N orris Cattle Co..................... 3
Standard Oil Co .................... 15
The Early & Daniel Co...............19
The Park Inn..................... 20
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Wilson F& Toomer Fert. Co........... 18
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Phone 29395




makes the difference

in earning power

Until recently a farm tractor at work was
simply a combination of weight and power
in motion- with pulling capacity largely
dependent upon the amount of weight car-
ried on the drive wheels.
Today, the work capacity of Allis-Chal-
mers tractors is measured by a new concept
S. engineering in action!
For example, the Allis-Chalmers WD-45
Tractor does not depend upon its own
weight alone for adequate traction to utilize
the full power of its dynamic engine. By
means of the exclusive hydraulic Traction
Booster, it automatically transfers to the
drive wheels as much of the implement's
weight as needed, to assure ground-gripping

traction and reduce power-wasting slippage
to a minimum.
The Allis-Chalmers Traction Booster
system of automatic weight transfer elimi-
nates the need for costly, useless weight in
the tractor. Implement weight becomes
working weight applied and removed as
needed. The action is as automatic as that
of an engine's governor.
More performance with less weight ...
at lower cost to the purchaser that's
Allis-Chalmers engineering in action.
Today, it makes an important difference
in the return a farmer can expect from his
tractor investment.




FALL, 1955

A report to you about men and machines that help maintain International Harvester leadership


adds another dimension

to tractor usefulness!

Completely mobile electric power is now a reality
for many practical and profitable farm applica-
tions. Its source is IH Electrall, now available
after years of intensive development. Mounted on
a McCormick Farmall 400, new International
W 400, or a Farmall Super M-TA tractor, Electrall
provides a high-capacity, combined electric gen-
erating and distribution system for use anywhere
the tractor can be driven.
The compact Electrall unit is easily and quickly
mounted, or dismounted from the tractor. You need
dismount the Electrall unit for only a few season-
ally-used, front-mounted implements; otherwise it
does not interfere with normal tractor and equip-
ment operation. Neither does it tie up the tractor
drawbar, as is the case with a generating unit
driven from the power take-off. Electrall operates
without interruption whenever the tractor engine
is running at rated speed.
Electrall can pay its way now on farms-providing
standby power, driving electric motors to power
field machines, and powering portable mainte-
nance equipment. However, great areas of utility
and profit are yet to be perfected or developed-
through ingenuity of farmers and research of agri-
cultural engineers, soils scientists, agronomists, and
other specialists who constantly are extending the
applications of electricity to agriculture. The appli-
cations of Electrall are unlimited!
Write for booklet, entitled, "IH Electrall", for
further information. It's free-get yours today.

Standby power.
(above) When the power
line fails, just plug in
Electrall to supply g
power foryourfarmstead
and keep vital equipment

Electrall distribution panel. An outlet is provided for 115-volt
15-ampere, 60-cycle, single-phase power. Another single-phase
outlet supplies approximately 6.2 kw for 220/208-volt service. A
10-hp motor can be operated with power from the three-phase out-
let. Generator capacity is 12.5 kva. Away from the highline,
Electrall powers saws, welders, spray guns, and other electric

Electrall generator powers a 10-hp Electrall motor to drive a McCormick No. 55-W hay baler.

IH engineering teamwork produced the application of Electrall to the Farmall and International
tractors. IH research, engineering and manufacturing men are constantly pooling time and talent to
provide equipment of wider application and improved performance to make the farmer's work
E easier while boosting production.

International Harvester products pay for themselves in use-McCormick Farm Equipment and Farmall Tractors ...
Motor Trucks...Crawler Tractors and Power Units...Refrigerators and Freezers-General Office, Chicagol, Illinois.

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