The Grassland Drill
Helps Mine the "Green Gold"
JOHN DEERE engineers have been deeply conscious of the need of farmers for special-
ized equipment to help them realize the greatest benefits from grass. A typical result
of their efforts is the John Deere Grassland Drill which already is giving farmers and
ranchers everywhere greater access to this "green gold" by making it possible to reseed
and fertilize pastures and rangeland where seedbed preparation is impossible or im-
practical. The farmer benefits through longer grass periods for his livestock, the improved
health of his animals, and better quality animal products. Better use is made of expensive
fertilizer, resulting in greater plant population with less seed.
The grassland drill is one of the many John Deere machines designed to help farmers
throughout the world to mine the wealth of "green gold."
lJOHN DEER 0 i W MO1IEi
SHN E E E ILLINOIS
0 U A L ITY FARM E0UIP MENT SINCE 18
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
b* For the
SFL A Quality in
NORRIS CATTLE CO.
Box 1051 OCALA, FLORIDA Ph. MA 2-7151
SBe sure to call for your nearest Lyons representa-
tive and discuss your grove problems. He will be
ET glad to help you plan your grove program.
BE THE JUDGE OF HOW GOOD A FERTILIZER SHOULD BE
For many years, season after season, the users of Lyons Fertilizers have been producing premium
crops of highest quality fruits and receiving higher profits. Now, more than ever, high quality
fruit will command high prices. Plan now to increase your own net sales next season. The price
of good fertilizer is small when it increases your net returns.
PLAN NOW TO USE LYONS FERTILIZERS
4yon FERTILIZER COMPANY
P. O. Box 310 Tampa, Florida
The Florida College Farmer it t Et f bes
Volume 7, Number 3 March, 1955 9 on te c itW 2 e.
George M. Edwards. ................... ........... .Editor
George Milicevic, Jr.................... .. Managing Editor
Jackson Brownlee Editorial Assistants
Lawrence Shackleford ..............
Adele Roberts ..........................Ag Economics
John Creel................. .............. Alpha Zeta
John Creel.................American Society of Agronomy
Jimmy Windham. .American Society of Agricultural Engineers
Dempsey Thomas ....................... Alpha Tau Alpha
Charles Cowart........................ Block and Bridle
George Milicevic. ....................... Dairy Science
Chuck Pulley .......................... ...... Forestry
Bobby L. Taylor................Future Farmers of America
Dave English .........................Lamda Gamma Phi
Jack Hurst................. Newell Entomological Society
Arnold Fisher ...........................Poultry Science
Dubbie Price....................... ........ Thrysus
Bobby Taylor ................ ...Vocational Education
Art Duchaine. ..................... Business Manager
Dubie Price .................. Assistant Business Manager
Wayman Smith................. Assistant Business Manager
Richard McRae...................... Circulation Manager
Clorie Caproni ...............Circulation Assistants
Faculty Advisory Committee
J. Clyde Driggers ............................. Chairman
Meet Your Circulation Manager
Richard W. McRae, graduate of Reddick High School and a
sophomore majoring in Ag-Economics is doing a very fine job
as circulation manager. Richard is employed by Food Service
and a member of Alpha Gamma Rho.
Entered as second class mailing matter at the Post Office at University
Station, Gainesville, Florida, December 8, 1938, under an Act of Congress
of 1879. Fifteen cents per copy, fifty cents per year, $1.25 for three years,
$2.00 for five years. Published four times during the year: November,
January, March, and May. Address all correspondence to Florida College
Farmer, Florida Union Building, Gainesville, Florida.
A Wonderful Opportunity is Offered to You............ 6
The H. Harold Hume Library ......................... 7
What Happens to Forestry and Ag Engineering Majors?.... 9
"Operation Muscle". .................................
Ag. Fair ............. ... ........................... 12
D.H .I.A ................................... ..... 17
Block and Bridle Field Trip........................... 19
The cute girl is Miss Molly Ardry of Bradenton who is the new
Ag. Fair Queen. Miss Ardry is a Freshman majoring in
Education here at the University of Florida.
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER is printed by Cody Publications,
Inc., of Kissimmee, the publishers of the FLORIDA CATTLEMAN.
We of the College of Agriculture and the Univer-
sity of Florida are very proud to have our own Pro-
vost of Agriculture Dr. Wayne Reitz, nominated for
President of the
University of Flor-
ida. The Board of
Dr. Reitz's nomina-
tion on Thursday,
March 17, 19 55
after meeting in St.
The selection of
Dr. Reitz came as a
climax to a fifteen
month search by the
board for a succes-
sor to the late Dr. J.
Hillis Miller, who
died in November,
1953. According to DR. J. WAYNE REITZ
Board Chairman, J.
Lee Ballard, Dr. Reitz's name "has been before the
Board since the very first and that he was never out
of the top three men under consideration."
We here at the University are very honored to
have Dr. Reitz nominated as President of the Uni-
versity of Florida because of his many grand accom-
plishments which he has made to Agriculture in
Florida and the University. Dr. Reitz has been pro-
vost for Agriculture here since October, 1949. He
is the Chief Administrator, coordinating the ac-
tivities of the Agricultural Experiment Station, Ag-
ricultural Extension Service, and the College of Agri-
Before coming to the University in 1934 as As-
sistant Professor of Agricultural Economics, he served
three years as an extension economist in Illinois and
In 1940 after becoming a full professor, he was
granted a leave of absence to work on his doctorate
degree at the University of Wisconsin. There he
held a fellowship from the General Education Board.
Dr. Reitz left here to become economic consul-
tant for the United Growers and Shippers Associa-
tion of Orlando in 1944. Then he joined the USDA
staff as chief of the citrus fruit division, fruit and
vegetable branch. There he was responsible for ad-
ministering marketing agreement programs, price as-
sistance and surplus removal programs, and eco-
nomic, marketing and statistical studies.
He received his Bachelor of Science degree in
economics and sociology at Colorado A 8c M College
in 193o, his Master of Science from the University
of Illinois in 1935 and his Doctor's degree from
Wisconsin in 1945. He was born in Olathe, Kansas.
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
Greatest guardian of our soils is grass. Greatest single prin-
ciple of soil conservation is grassland farming. And in that
the great problem is how to make the grass productive and
profitable-a worthy challenge to young ideas.
Green feeding is a new name for the old-world practice
called soiling. It now becomes practical here because fast-
working machines take the place of drudging labor. To
choose between green feeding and grazing takes keen judg-
ment on many points, from pasture fencing to possibility of
bloating. In any plan for green feeding, the thing most
essential is dependability of the machines that do the daily
cutting. Cattle can't wait for their meals.
As you consider the merits of various meadow mixtures
.. of unloading to feed rack or allowing animals to eat
from wagons of greater or less amounts of grain and
hay along with grass take heed, too, of the machines
you choose. For more than a hundred years it has been a
Case habit to make every part a bit better than might seem
necessary. It's an old habit that can help young ideas make
the most of grass ... whether you graze or green-feed, put
up hay or silage. J. I. Case Co., Racine, Wis.
"Chop the Crop" ... the story of how to harvest, handle
and store chopped crops... is available as a full-color,
sound motion picture and a booklet. Arrange with your
local Case dealer for these educational aids... ask him
also for a catalog on Case Forage Harvesters, described
by users as America's Lightest-Running Forage Choppers
. and available with today's widest choice of attach-
ments. J. I. Case Co., Racine, Wis.
Serving Farmers Since 1842
Offered To You
By Ed Saunders
Mr. D or showing is Four Fo way o li
Mr. Danforth showing his Four Fold way of life
How WOULD you like to take a two
thousand mile trip this summer with
all expenses paid? You would spend one
of the most interesting and profitable
months of your life. Three days would
be spent at one of the largest research
farms in the country, ten days in St.
Louis, Missouri, seeing how big business
is operated and two weeks at Camp
Miniwanca on Lake Michigan where you
would enjoy swimming, soft-ball and fine
fellowship. This wonderful opportunity
is provided by the Danforth Foundation
and is in the form of a Danforth Fellow-
ship which is offered each summer to a
junior in the College of Agriculture.
I had the good fortune of receiving
this Fellowship last summer. All juniors
should apply for this Fellowship.
When I arrived in St. Louis I met the
juniors from thirty-four other states, Can-
ada and Hawaii. Our host there was the
Ralston Purina Company. The first
three days were spent on its research farm
near Gray Summit, Missouri. Here the
Purina Chows are tested before they are
put on the market for sale. Almost every
type of domestic animal is used for ex-
periments. Short courses are given by the
managers of the different units. The
units include beef cattle, sheep, hogs,
milk goats, hens, broilers, turkeys, ducks,
pheasants, quail, mink and chinchilla.
These short courses included tours of the
units, explanation of the experiments,
and lectures on management. Any spare
time was spent swimming in the Mer-
rimac River, playing soft-ball and eating.
The food at the farm was excellent. I
gained five pounds in three days.
The next ten dayswere spent in St.
Louis where we lived the life of a busi-
ness executive. We were up at 6.30 in
the morning, ate breakfast at 7:oo, caught
the street car and arrived at the Ralston
Purina Company at 8:oo o'clock. Here
we had a private conference room where
lectures on nutrition, management, sales-
manship and advertising were given us.
We toured the Purina laboratories under
the guidance of well trained department
heads. They explained the experiments
they were running and the purpose of
each. It was surprising to see the number
of laboratories used for the experiments.
In the parasitology laboratory veterinar-
ian made autopsies on different fowls.
They showed us the symptoms of diseases
and explained control measures for them.
A microscopic laboratory was used to
analyze the chows for proper blending
and purity. In the analytical laboratory
the chows were tested to be certain each
met the requirements on the feed tag.
We also visited vitamin, mineral, pro-
tein and fat laboratories.
A day was spent at one of Swift and
Company's large packing plants. Here
we watched the purchase, slaughter and
processing of the meat. In the stock
yard the company's buyers explained the
operations of the yard and some of the
principles they use in buying stock. From
the stock yards we followed the animals
through the slaughter pens, and proces-
sing rooms to where the meat was placed
in cars for shipment to all parts of the
(Continued on page 17)
Florida Growers have been buying
TRUEMAN'S BETTER QUALITY
fertilizers for nearly a half century. If better fer-
tilizers could be obtained Trueman customers
would not continue to use these good, old brands.
TRUEMAN FERTILIZER CO.
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
"H. Harold Hume
By R. L. Teal
Dr. H. Harold Hume
"TWTE HAVE what is considered the best
Agricultural library in the South-
That's what Mrs. Ida Keeling Cresap,
librarian, has to say about the College
of Agriculture's present library and its
future library in the New Agriculture
College, now under construction.
"In addition to its own holdings, the
library is one of five libraries in the Uni-
ted States cooperating with the United
States Department of Agriculture's Li-
brary in Washington, D. C., which means
that it has access to the million or more
books of that library", says Mrs. Cresap.
The new library is named after Dr. H.
Harold Hume, former Dean of the Col-
lege of Agriculture and Provost for the
College of Agriculture here at the Uni-
versity of Florida. Its name is unique
in that the contribution of Dr. Hume,
through his many many publications, is
almost unparalleled in the field of agri-
culture. His contribution through litera-
ture ranks with the greatest in this field.
Dr. Hume, now in his late seventies, is
still very active in the revision of some
of his former books.
The H. Harold Hume Library will be
very much larger than the present agri-
cultural library, which is the oldest on
campus. It will accommodate approxi-
mately 1oo,ooo bound volumes in three
levels of stacks. The main reading room
having a seating capacity of 160 people.
This very much larger library will con-
stitute also a need for a larger staff than
is in use at the present.
The library will be air conditioned for
a more favorable study atmosphere. An
elevator will be installed also for staff
use only. These are just a few of the
luxuries that will be afforded students
and staff members in the new structure.
Behind the auditorium, which is di-
rectly below rht main reading room, will
be the first level of stacks. This stack is
going to be used for only the very rare
books and will accommodate approxi-
mately 5,000 volumes. Above the floor
level will be located two more levels of
Students, and, others interested in using
the library, may enter from either one of
two entrances, the main entrance being
a stairway from the ground to the main
reading room. The other is a bridge
entrance from the second floor of the
classroom building. At present the only
way one might enter after all classes are
dismissed will be the stairway from the
One of the main practices of the pres-
ent management is to build collections
and literature around conditions pecu-
liar to the state of Florida's agriculture.
These collections constitute a very valu-
able portion of the library. Some being
the Citrus holdings, Soils material, ma-
terial covering Plant Pathology, Agron-
omy holdings, Horticulture holdings and
many others. All these topics are built
around and for Florida conditions and
Dr. Hume, born June 13, 1875-in On-
tario, Canada, received his Bachelor of
Science degree at Iowa State College in
1899. He later, in 19i0, received his
Master of Science in Agriculture degree
from the same institution. Then the
degree Doctor of Science was bestowed
upon him at Clemson in 1937.
Between 1898 and 1899, Dr. Hume was
Assistant Botanist at Iowa State College.
Immediately following this he became
head of the Department of Botany and
Horticulture and of the Florida Agricul-
tural Experiment Station at the Florida
Agricultural College, then located at Lake
City. From 1931 to 1938, Dr. Hume was
Assistant Director of Research of the Flor-
ida Agricultural Experiment Station and
Assistant Dean of the College of Agri-
culture here at the University of Florida.
In 1938 he became Dean of the College
of Agriculture, and in 1943 Provost for
Agriculture. He held both of these po-
sitions until he retired in 1949.
Dr. Hume has been presented with
many highly regarded awards and medals.
Some of these being the Governor Gen-
eral Medal from Ontario Agricultural
College, the Jackson Dawson Memorial
Medal from the Massachusetts Horticul-
tural Society, the Achievement Medal
from the Florida Academy of Science, and
the Arthur Hoyt Scott Garden Award.
The above mentioned awards and medals
are only a few of the many, many warm
moments in Dr. Hume's life, in receiving
In a thirst for a greater and more var-
ied knowledge of subjects pertinent to
Horticulture and Botany, Dr. Hume has
made numerous trips abroad for study.
Some of which visited were the Cam-
bridge University Botanical Museum, the
Royal Botanic Garden at Edinburgh, the
Royal Botanic Garden at Kew and also
the British Museum. Indeed, interests
of this character can only be evident of
a truly great man.
The herbarium at the Florida Agri-
cultural Experiment Station is a living
monument to the continued work of him
and his associates.
The H. Harold Hume Library will be
located in the center of a "horse shoe"
arrangement at the new Agricultural
College when it is completed. A wing
of the main building running down
either side or paralleling the sides of the
library, and a wing facing its front. All
of the new buildings will be of brick
structures and will accommodate very
many more than our present agricultural
Both students and faculty members in
the College of Agriculture anxiously an-
ticipate the day when the doors of all the
new agricultural buildings are open for
use. Structures such as these are the re-
sults of the progress of man down
through the ages. They stand as symbols
of mans hunger to know the right way
of achieving certain goals. Indeed, there
never has nor will there ever be an in-
vestment so wisely made as that of a li-
brary or a school of learning with today
purposes of these. Every penny that goes
into the buildings, into their equipment
and into the faculty's salary's and many
other of the expenses in erecting and
maintaining such will be worth manyfold
more through the years to come from the
benefits returned on the investment.
There can never be any way in which
the assets obtained from such might ade-
quately be measured.
(Continued on page 19)
CAN 3 SEEDS
A new method of seed and fertilizer placement
is now available to farmers who are aware of
the limitations:and imperfections in grain drills
which have remained unchanged for many
The new ALL-CROP Drill--a product of
Allis-Chalmers, and the world's first quick-
hitch, tractor-mounted drill brings new
speed, new accuracy, new performance to the
seeding and fertilizing of grain, grass and leg-
Seed and fertilizer are accurately metered a
new way in twin bands side by side ...
faster ... at uniform depth. Seedlings are side-
nourished protected from fertilizer burn.
This not only saves costly seed, but produc-
es stronger stands ... quicker catches of grass
and legumes with grain.
The ALL-CROP Drill fertilizes and plants
grain, grass, and legume seed separately,
or all in one operation. Can also be used as a
fertilizer spreader alone.
With handy SNAP-COUPLER mounting
and time-saving hydraulic lift, the economy
and operating advantages of fully-mounted
equipment come to the grain field in the
form of better stands, faster growth, higher
yields! Here is another history-making contri-
bution to better farming by Allis-Chalmers.
ALL-CROP and SNAP-COUPLER are Allis-Chalmers trademarks
(i LIS ICHA LMERS
TRACTOR DIVISION MILWAUKEE 1, U.. A.
Ingenious Allis-Chalmers Micro-Feed accurately meters the
seed .spaces kernels evenly in the row ... at faster speeds.
Positive Force-Flo system drills or broadcasts fertilizer evenly.
Dotted lines show how new Torsion-Spring design maintains
uniform seeding depth in uneven ground. New "bellows-type"
spouts allow far greater flexibility. Grass seed is broadcast or
FOR WD-45, WD, OR CA TRACTORS
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
What Happens to Agricultural
Engineering and Forestry Majors
AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING is the appli-
cation of all branches of engineering
to the extent that they may be used in
farming, rural living, rural processing of
farm products, and wild life conservation.
The way agricultural engineering
brings these factors together is from, one,
farm power and machinery-power is use-
less without a means to apply it, and a
machine is useless without power to make
it run. Second, farm structures embrace
all buildings and most other stationary
improvements of the farm, ranging from
fences through barns and other animal
shelters, silos, and granaries, and other
storage, machine sheds, shops, and even
the farm dwellings. Third, rural electri-
fication concerns primarily all uses and
application of electricity in rural con-
ditions. The vital thing in rural elec-
trification is use of electric energy for
doing farm jobs of many kinds. From
the business uses and by direct contacts,
and conveniences, rural electrification
raises the standard of living among farm
people. Fourth, soil and water control
and conservation is mainly the engineer-
ing of water management. It consists
largely of irrigation, drainage, and con-
trol of soil erosion. Soil and water en-
gineers are a splendid example of the
cooperation which prevails between all
agriculture engineering and other scien-
The trend now is toward a much
greater employment of agricultural en-
gineers by industry and other agencies
mentioned earlier in this report.
In Public Service, agriculture engineers
are on the staff of the state and provin-
cial agriculture colleges and their closely
applied experiment stations. Engineers
are likewise employed by the Federal
department of Agriculture of the United
States and Canada. In industry agricul-
tural engineers are employed by the
companies which serve agriculture. Ag.
engineers are well represented among
the men who rise to executive positions
in these companies and associations. In
the farm equipment, individual agricul-
ture engineers develop new machines and
improve old ones. They supervise the
introduction and sale of machinery as
well as conducting research into farm
problems and farm markets. In the
building industry, agriculture engineers
develop designs for efficient use of var-
ious materials. Specialties such as barn
equipment, ventilating systems and elec-
tric power in the equipment manufac-
turer and on the farm. In management
and finance banks, trust companies, in-
surance companies, and other financial
agencies employ agricultural engineers.
In such jobs they often take hold of
by Billy Joel Maxwell
run-down farms, work out plans to re-
store the properties to a paying basis and
supervise the re-equipping, rebuilding
and reorganization needed.
Mentioned above are some fields and
phases of agricultural engineering stu-
dents may choose from. No student
should take up engineering or any pro-
fession simply for the sake of the money
it may promise. How much you get out
of any profession depends largely on
how much you put into it. To say how
.many dollars agricultural engineering
students earn when graduating would
be misleading. Broad observations and
experience indicate that Ag. engineers
earn the same or a little more than the
same degree of talent and experience
commands in most other fields of engi-
The nature of agricultural engineer
work and the character of the agencies or
industries which employ it, make for
steady employment. This means a greater
degree of security than prevails in many
occupations. In his personal and pro-
fessional associations the agricultural en-
gineer lives among people in comfort-
able circumstances, able to provide well
for his family.
The agricultural engineering student
should realize opportunities he will re-
ceive in the field of work and earnings of
his profession. The overall picture is
plain to see there is a big demand for
ag. engineers and in several different
phases of work.
Foresters have been considered to be a
burly breed of men who wear high boots
and perform astounding feats of strength
and endurance in the woods. Most posi-
tions, however, will require much public
contact in which the forester will be
carrying on business relationships, act-
ing in an advisory capacity, directing or
taking part in various operations or in-
There is a wide range of job op-
portunities for the student in forestry
and some of these fields when broken up
are directed by the Federal Forest Ser-
vice, which carries on management of
national forests, cooperates with states in
fire control on private and state timber-
lands, and in the production and dis-
tribution of forest planting stock to the
In cooperation with the State forester,
the Forest Service also assists industrial
timberland operators in developing
management and plans.
The work of the Forest Service which
hires many graduates each year carry on
three primary functions, one, forest man-
agement program, two, prevention of
forest f'res, three, supply educational in-
formation to colleges, high schools, and
His task is to manage forest lands so
that adequate supplies of timber crops
will be continuously available and a maxi-
mum return received from the land. The
task involves skillful application of good
business methods, basic scientific facts,
and technical procedures in the operation
of the forest property. In forest manage-
ment the graduates choice of first jobs
will be timber cruising, marking stands
for harvest, surveying sale areas and for-
est properties, buying and selling forest
crops and forest lands, fire control or
public relations activities. Starting and
permanent jobs will be with industries
such as lumber companies, pulp com-
panies, private land holders concerned
primarily with growing timber crops,
state forestry organization, the United
States Forest Service, the Soil Conserva-
toin Service, the Agriculture Extension
Service, and with additional training, in
teaching and research positions.
The wildlife manager is primarily re-
sponsible for the production of annual
crops of wild animals and birds of all
kinds for recreational purposes. His
chief objective is to manage each panel
of land so that it will produce its due
share of the total wildlife population.
In wildlife management the graduates
first job is likely to be quite varied and
consist of such duties as assisting in con-
ducting game animal censuses, trapping
and handling animals, planting wildlife
food plots, patrolling for game law vio-
lations, speaking before groups of sports-
men, or preparing articles for wildlife
Most beginning jobs are with any one
of a number of State game departments
or with Federal agencies. If the student
should be interested in research work or
teaching job he should strongly consider
taking graduate work.
Employment in Forest Products Tech-
nology will at first be in a limited tech-
nical capacity with one of the wood using
industries such as sawmilling, wood
preservation, veneer and plywood manu-
facturing, furniture manufacture and
boat building. Advanced employment in
these industries will be in such positions
as production foreman or plant superin-
tendent or director and applied research.
Manufacturer of wood processing ma-
chinery often employ forest products
technologists as salesmen. Basic research
and teaching positions require advanced
training, teaching also requires consider-
able industrial experience.
In most fields of forestry in which the
student may be interested, with the
numerous amount of jobs offered and
diversity in forestry work, he should have
little trouble of securing a job of his in-
By Gene Cocke and Lewis Whitacre
THE ANNUAL pulpwood harvest, nick-
named "Operation Muscle" by the
students in the school of Forestry, got off
to a good start Saturday morning, Feb.
19, 1955 on the Austin Cary Forest.
This operation was designed to promote
good fellowship and to provide the neces-
sary cash for the publication of the Slash
Pine Cash, and other club activities.
This project began last November
when a request for purchase of pulpwood
was submitted to the board of control.
With their approval, and with the final
O.K. received from Dr. Kaufman, head
of the School of Forestry, "operation
muscle" began in earnest.
The Forestry Club, sponsoring the
project, appointed committees which
planned the date, procured equipment,
and made arrangements for transporta-
tion and food. Arrangements were made
with Mr. Carl Brice, of Brice Pulpwood
Inc., for pallets that would hold 15 cords
Thirty-three men were on hand Satur-
day morning when the activities started
with the organization of the various crews
such as fallers, trimmers, markers, buck-
ers, and loaders. Then amid a hubble
of noise made by saws, tractors, and axes,
the first sticks of pulpwood were stacked
on the pallets. Before noon five pallets,
about eight cords, had been cut and
loaded, and the workers were ready for
the mid-day fillup, a Paul Bunyan ham-
burger from the "what-a-burger" place
served to satisfy the woodsmen's appetite
and provide energy for the afternoon's
The afternoon brought about a
changeover of jobs for some, but many
found out that muscle for loading was
still needed. At the end of the day,
fifteen cords of pulpwood had been cut
and loaded on pallets ready to be loaded
on the trucks and hauled to the mill.
Two or three more cords had been cut
and stacked and ready to load at a
future date. The Club plans to cut
about fifteen more cords of pulpwood
sometime during March at a time when
the members feel they can spare a few
hours from their studies.
The wives of the Club members, the
Dames, supplied the perfect finish to the
day by providing a delicious supper.
By the manipulations of fingers, a keen
sense of cooking, and a few magic words,
they produced a super spaghetti supper
with all the trimmings. This fine meal
was served in the forest around beautiful
Lake Mize where every one had gathered
to eat. The food disappeared almost as
fast as it arrived, a fitting tribute to the
wizardry of the cooks.
After appetites were satisfied, a short
meeting was held and the day came to
This operation gave the students a
chance to put in to practice some of the
theory they have been learning, with
special attention on safety in the woods.
It also provided an insight into the pulp-
wood industry, and the simplicity of the
pallet system. With an increase in the
enrollment of the Club we are looking
forward to a large scale operation in
SAWDUST MAY be used as a mulch, bed-
ding material, or a compost or applied
directly to the soil, but care should be
exercised not to use excessive amounts
of the material. When sawdust is used
for such purposes, it should be supple-
mented with enough nitrogen to bring
its nitrogen content up to 1.2 to 1.5
You can see the free-
flowing, easy drilling
quality of V-C Fertilizer as
soon as you open the
bag. V-C Fertilizer flows
through your distributor
smoothly and evenly.
Run your hands down into the smooth,
mellow mixture and let it pour through
your fingers. V-C Fertilizer is mealy, loose
and dry...and it stays that way in all kinds
of weather. V-C Fertilizer stays in good con-
dition, when stored in a dry building.
When you distribute V-C Fertilizer, every
plant in your field gets its full share of V-C's
better plant foods. Your crop comes up to
a good stand...makes healthy growth...
develops a strong root system...has vigor to
resist disease and adverse weather...and
produces abundant yields.
Virginia-Carolina Chemical Corporation
In Florida: ORLANDO JACKSONVILLE NICHOLS
qw in &M-
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
Southern Feeds for Southern Conditions
For more than a quarter of a century Security
Feeds have been developed through research to
help Southern farmers produce more milk, more
Seat, and more eggs more efficiently and profit-
ably. As the first feed manufacturer in the South
Sto operate an experimental farm to scientifically
develop new feeds based on the latest nutritional
Findings, Security Mills has always been a leader
in providing better feeds
for the growing South. Pro-
gressive feeders know they
Scan depend on SECURITY
FEEDS for top performance I
o There is a SECURITY FEED
for all classes of poultry and
Every animal on the farm,
including the dog.
SECURITY MILLS, INC.
Left to right: Rosalin Rush, sponsored by Ag. Econ-
omics; Joann Howsman, F.F.A., Durlene Johnson, Ag.
Engineering; Emily Gilbert, 4-H Club; Sandra Herman,
D .i.', ,r ", ',., C I,,1 1 C .I, .-,Ti F .-i-.- Ifr'i f -,l, .A)r.4r-i.
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THE 13TH Annual Ag-Fair weekend
March 11-12 was climaxed at the
annual square dance with the crowning
of Miss Molly Audrey of Bradenton as
Ag. Fair Queen. Misses Rosalind Rush
of Coral Gables and Durlene Johnson of
Clearwater were named to Miss Audrey's
court. Miss Audrey was sponsored by
Block K: Bridle, Miss Rush by Ag.
Economics and Miss Johnson by Ag.
Engineering. The contest was judged by
Dr. J. Wayne Reitz, provost of Agri-
culture, Dr. Bob Valice, professor of
Hirticulture and Hon. Doyle E. Conner,
alumni and State Representative of
A dozen clubs composing the various
phases of the College of Agriculture
started a competitive hum on the tenth
of March in the bare walkways of Florida
Stadium and turned them into colorful
rows of exhibits. The nature of the
exhibits was as varied as the field of
agriculture itself, ranging from a rogue's
gallery in the Entomology exhibit to the
"kissin' rabbit" found in the Poultry
exhibit. The Florida Agricultural Ex-
tension Service and the Agricultural Ex-
periment station also had an exhibit not
entered in the competition. The exhibit
of shadow boxes illustrated the various
phases of work in which these two con-
stituents of the university are engaged.
A rotating trophy is awarded to the
club with the winning exhibit and is
retained by the club in the event that
the club wins three years in succession.
This trophy last year was won by a
first year club, the American Society of
Agronomy (ASA). ASA is composed of
students in the field of soils and
Agronomy. Now in their second year
as ASA, these departments took the
trophy again in very keen competition.
The theme of their exhibit was "Oppor-
tunities in Crops and Soils." The ex-
hibit illustrated 18 different job oppor-
tunities and elaborated on the following
six: (1) county agent work, (2) fertilizer
salesmen, (3) plant breeders, (4) seed
processors, (5) soil testers and (6) soil
surveying. A member of ASA actually
demonstrating each of these six elabora-
ted phases in the exhibit.
Second place went to the Thyrsus club,
which is composed of students majoring
in the field of Horticulture. This ex-
hibit was a picture of Spring, exhibiting
a number of rare and common, colorful
plants. A "Barnyard Greenhouse," which
can be constructed for only a few dollars,
was demonstrated to do the job of an
elaborate greenhouse. Variations in root-
stocks and varieties of citrus was shown.
As ocmpliments of the Thyrsus club,
candied kumquats and small potted
plants were given to those attending the
Third place was awarded to the Dairy
Science club for their outstanding educa-
tional exhibit. The entire exhibit was
centered around the subject of "Artificial
Breeding" used in the dairy industry.
An automatic slide projector was used
as a demonstrator. The equipment used
in artificial breeding was displayed and
their use demonstrated. Charts and
illustrations were used to bring out the
efficiency and the increase in the use of
artificial breeding. Two live calves that
were bred artificially were on display.
The remaining nine exhibits represent-
ing other phases of the College of Agri-
culture, were not given a place but the
competition was stiff in all the vastly
Newell Entomology Society (NES) is
composed of students majoring in Ento-
mology. The exhibit was arranged as a
Rogue gallery and displaying the ten
most unwanted household pests. Illus-
trations of damages done and also their
control was displayed on cardboards
Agricultural Engineering Club had a
continuous movie showing the dangers
and precautions in using farm machinery.
They also had farm-layouts on tables
illustrating three phases of Ag. Engineer-
ing: (1) machinery, (2) farm structures,
(3) drainage and irrigation.
University 4-H club had a colorful
booth of green and white and outlined
with flowering petunias. An automatic
slide projector showed the various types
of work in 4-H. On one panel was the
objectives and purposes of the Univ.
4-H club, which is composed of former
active 4-H clubbers and those interested
in promoting 4-H club work. On the
other panel was the announcement of
Eighth Annual Rural Youth Conference,
April 15 and 16 at the University of
Florida. This conference is held in con-
junction with the Collegiant 4-H Club
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
Queen Contest Highlights
Seven Thousand Attend
Ag Fair Sponsored by
By Larry Shackleford
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Scene from the Block & Bridle club exhibit
Miss Molly Audrey
being presented a
trophy by Pete Howell
Zeta. In the back-
ground is her court
Miss Durlene Johnson
(left) and Rosalin Rush
Exhibit sponsored by the Forestry club University of Florida Collegiate Chapter F.F.A.
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
University of Florida 4-H club exhibit
"They Moo For More"
"They Reach For More".
=- -e-g sU'a
.. ONE OF THE CHEAPEST SOURCES OF NUTRITIENT FOR
YOUR LIVESTOCK." .SIMILAR TO DRIED BEET PULP IN
NATURE AND ... VALUE." So says Professor K. L. Turk, Cornell
University, about dried citrus pulp, in an article in The New
England Homestead, October 9.
Give YOUR livestock SWEET SUNI-CITRUS PULP. They'll reach for more.
SuwtdIy APrAoducds Co
HAINES CITY, FLORIDA
Rural Youth Conference
Theme "Person to Person"
Sponsored by University of Fla. & Fla. State Univ. 4-H Clubs
quality and profits
Extra quality in your fertilizer
means extra quality and quantity in
your crops. IDEAL Fertilizers are
quality fertilizers containing high-
grade organic to assure a continu-
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FASCO Pesticides, too, offer you
the extra values of the most effective
control materials, manufactured in a
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So feed your crops with IDEAL
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General Offices Jacksonville, Florida
Modern Home Laundry
402 N.W. 13th Street Tel. 6311
We cater to university students
18 Bendix Washers. 12 Bendix Dryers
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YOUR ROYAL DISTRIBUTOR
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CAMPUS SHOP AND
"Everything for the Student"
LOCATED ON THE CAMPUS IN THE
STUDENT SERVICE CENTER
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
D. H. I. A. Testing
Paul M. Thornhill
EVERYONE UNDERSTANDS that for a cow
to be a profitable producer she must
produce enough milk and butterfat to
pay for the feed she consumes. How
do we know how much the cow is pro-
ducing and how much she is costing the
dairyman for this production? Obviously
there must be some means of record
keeping to determine the facts. A dairy-
man may be easily compared to a banker.
You may deposit money and you may
withdraw money but the bank will not
allow you to withdraw more than you
have deposited. The banker of course
has an accurate record of deposits and
withdrawals-so should the dairyman for
Production testing programs are di-
vided into two classes-official testing and
DHIA testing. Official testing includes
only purebred cows. This is a test of
milk and butterfat only. In 1954 there
were 1,645 cows on official test in Florida.
Official testing is under supervision of
the breed associations and C. W. Reaves,
Extension Dairyman, is Superintendent of
The DHIA (Dairy Herd Improvement
Association), which is for both grades
and purebreds, test gives milk and butter
fat test plus a record of feed consumed
and the value of product. There were
10,023 cows on DHIA test in 1954-a new
record for the state.
Official testing includes two divisions-
the herd test and the selective test. The
Advanced Registry Test (called Register
of Merit in the Jersey Breed) is the
selective test and one or more cows may
be entered. The breed association fee
per cow is from $10.oo to $12.oo annually.
This test includes only milk and butter-
fat records and requires a preliminary
milking plus an additional day test by
the supervisor each month. Daily milk
weights are kept by the owner except for
Jerseys in which case it is optional. The
breed association publishes the records.
The HIR test (Herd Improvement Regis-
try) requires all registered cows in the
herd to be tested. The owner does not
have to weigh the milk daily and a one
day a month test is made. The Breed
Association fee is $2.50 to $4.oo annually.
The Breed Association publishes the
records for each individual cow and also
a yearly herd average.
The DHIA test is based on a one day
a month milk weight and butterfat test
and the owner is not required to keep
daily milk weights. All cows in the herd
are included. The tester keeps milk and
butterfat, income and feed consumption
and cost records. The fees are handled
by the directors of the local DHIA. All
records are entered in the owners' herd
record book by the supervisor. DHIA is
a part of the national DHIA program and
nation wide sire proving program. The
local DHIA employs a supervisor for the
association. In Florida DHIA super-
visors also do the official testing in their
area. A herd may be on all or any
combination of the above tests. The
supervisor after completing the test will
make recommendations to the owner
which may be of benefit.
Valuable data is furnished herd own-
ers from the State Extension Dairy office
Among these included are local associa-
tion annual summaries which gives the
owner an opportunity to compare his
production and efficiency with other
DHIA members. The Extension Dairy
office has recently initiated a pasture
analysis study of each DHIA herd in the
state. This analysis along with other
information will enable DHIA members
to evaluate their returns from pasture as
compared to purchased feeds.
As an example of increased production
and greater efficiency of production
achieved by DHIA members, the follow-
ing Annual Association Averages for the
West Coast DHIA may be used.
The state DHIA per cow production
for 1952-53 was 7,143 cow years, 6,415
pounds milk, 4-5% butterfat, 288 pounds
butterfat, $210 total feed cost, $2.20 re-
turns per $1.oo spent for feed and $3.27
cost per hundred weight milk. Certifi-
cates are given each year for those herds
making 350 pounds butterfat or more.
Two herds (both of which are purebred
Jerseys) have exceeded 500 pounds but-
terfat per cow-Walter Welkener, Jack-
sonville, in 1949-50 with 9,439 pounds
milk and 512 pounds butterfat and Polk
County Board of County Commissioners
in 1952-53 with 9,254 pounds milk and
500 pounds butterfat.
Proving sires is a large part of produc-
tion testing. A total of 54 sires were
proven in 1954 (31 of which were proved
principally by Florida records and 23 of
which were proved by Florida and other
states). There were 28 sires showing in-
creased production of daughters over
dams and 26 showing decreasing produc-
tion of daughters under dams. Of the
sires proved principally in Florida 19
sires showed an increase of daughters
over dams and only 12 showed a de-
crease. Sire proofs are tabulated by the
Bureau of Dairy Industry, from produc-
tion report cards submitted by the DHIA
supervisor. For official test cows proofs
are made from the records of the Breed
Florida's dairy industry is young-
production testing in the state is still
younger, but it is growing fast. With
this growth we expect to see production
and efficiency continue to rise.
A Wonderful Opportunity
(Continued from page 6)
A demonstration of carcass grading was
even in the cold storage lockers. The
different grades of beef, pork and lamb
were shown and the graders explained
why each carcass had been placed in its
Another day was spent at the Gardner
Advertising Agency. Here some prin-
ciples of advertising and the different
media through which advertising is car-
ried out were explained to us. The com-
plex problems encountered in the pro-
duction of radio and television programs
were explained. In the art department
we saw the birth and development of an
idea into a full page color advertisement
for a magazine. A surprise to many of
us was the great amount of research
which is done by the advertising com-
pany, as it is always necessary to find new
and better ways to reach more customers
more efficiently. The clients purpose in
advertising is to make more money, there-
fore the advertising company must prove
to him that advertising pays.
Our day's work, if you call it work was
over at 5:00 o'clock in the afternoon but
there was much to do after this. It is
not every day that you watch the St.
Louis Cardinals from a choice seat behind
"'ome plate, especially when your ticket
is free. We were also given tickets to
cinerama and a stage show. Other spare
time was spent sight-seeing.
Sunday morning we boarded our pri-
vate railroad car for Chicago, on our way
to Camp Miniwanca. The trip was
planned so that we had an eight hour
lay over in Chicago to enable us to see the
city. From Chicago we went by train to
Milwaukee where we took a boat across
Lake Michigan to Muskegon and then by
bus for twenty miles to .camp.
Camp Miniwanca is a pretty camp
nestled between sand dunes on the edge
of Lake Michigan. This was the first white
sand I had seen since leaving Florida and
it looked good. The weather at camp
was great. We slept under three blankets.
On the other hand the lake water was too
cold for enjoyable swimming. If you have
ever been in a north Florida lake at sun-
rise on a January morning while duck
hunting, you will know how the water of
Lake Michigan feels.
You have little spare time at Camp
Miniwanca. The mornings are filled
with classes on Leadership. I will never
forget one class which was called, "Life
Essentials". Each day in this class we
had a different, prominent business
executive tell us about his life's exper-
iences. These talks included the man's
background, education, beliefs and the
important factors which had contributed
(Continued on page 18)
111 South Main Street
Phones 4351 and 4352
Wholesale and Retail
Complete Line of Garden
and Pet Supplies
Vegetable and Field Seeds
A Wonderful Opportunity
(Continued from page 17)
to his success.... It is seldom that you
have an opportunity to hear such men as
the president of the Bristol-Myers Com-
pany, president of the Commercial Sol-
vents Company, President Pfizer Chemi-
cal Company, president of Kroeger Stores
and many other successful men.
Our afternoons were spent in tribal
games competing in soft-ball, volley-ball
and swimming. In the late afternoons
from the top of a sand dune we watched
the sun set across the lake and held ves-
pers. At night we had camp fires and
entertainment was furnished by different
groups at camp.
I suppose you will want to know what
the catch is to this wonderful opportunity
and unbelievable Fellowship. Well there
is none. It is hard to understand why
anyone would give these Fellowships free
until you know Mr. William H. Dan-
forth, Founder of the Ralston Purina
Company and the Danforth Foundation.
Mr. Danforth's favorite hobby is helping
young people and he spends his life do-
ing just this. The object of this Fellow-
ship is: "To Help Students Make De-
cisions, To Enlarge Their Horizons, To
Broaden Their Contacts and To Render
Guidance and Assistance in the Four Fold
Way of Life." When the Fellowship is
-M ..- --. -- ,
Above is Mr. Danforth and Ed Saunders
at Camp Miniwanca.
over you can truly say that it has accomp-
lished its purpose.
If you are a junior and are interested
in this Fellowship, Dean C. V. Noble
will gladly give you information as to
how to apply for it.
The Danforth Foundation also offers a
freshman scholarship to Camp Mini-
wanca for two weeks. If you are a fresh-
man and would like to spend two weeks
at this marvelous camp contact the Dean's
office for information.
APPLICATION OF 5 percent chlordane dust
t othe nests and on the ground within a
radius of two feet of the nests will control
ants in gardens and lawns.
Higher production at lower cost often means
the difference between profit and loss. The
right fertilizer mixtures for specific crops and
soil types can be the answer to this problem.
The makers of Florida Favorite Fertilizer have
made an extensive study of Florida crops and
soils and formulate fertilizer mixtures to the
individual grower's needs for best results. This
means more efficient and more economical
fertilization. Try FFF Brand fertilizers! You'll
Direct Delivery T
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truck delivery to point of
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SINCE 1910 THE STANDARD OF THE FIELD
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THE CAMERON & BARKLEY COMPANY
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Name -- -I
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
By Anne Cawthon
LOCK AND BRIDLE Club members have
just recently returned from the an-
nual field trip. I've been told by mem-
bers who've been on several past trips
with the club, that this year the itinerary
and planning was the best that they can
remember. Our thanks to John Hunt
and George Harmon, the organizers.
Early Thursday morning, February 17,
Dr. Hentges, Dr. Palmer and twenty-four
of the club's members boarded the bus
in front of Floyd Hall. We started on
the four-day trip which covered some 6oo
miles. That first morning a poker game
played on suit cases stacked in the aisle
(interrupted every time the bus lurched)
and harmonica playing by Bob Janulet
kept everyone entertained. When we
stopped at Inverness, a lady asked me,
"Where are all these Texans going?"
Looking around, I realized that nearly
everyone was sporting cowboy boots, big
hats and cigars.
About io:oo a.m. we arrived at the
5 Bar D Ranch owned by Austin Davis.
Herdsman Jim Herring, a former Block
and Bridle Club member, showed us the
shorthorn bull, Cromleybank Legion-
naire, the new barn and other points of
interest. Pasture specialist Leroy Fulmer
met the group at the 5 Bar D and stayed
with us for the rest of the trip.
Tampa and the State Fair was our next
stop. We spent all afternoon wandering
through the exhibits. Dr. Cunha was
master of ceremonies at the Parade of
Champions at 5:3o that afternoon. I
have never seen so many fine animals of
every breed together at one time.
Friday morning, bright and early, we
left Tampa and were on our way to
Ruskin to visit Paul and Lyle Dickman's
truck and livestock enterprise. The
Dickmans are pioneers in the packaging
of fresh vegetables. They have a very
efficient feed lot operation using vege-
table and citrus waste. Mr. Dickman
impressed us with his knowledge and in-
sight into the present economic situation
of agriculture. Summing up he said,
"We need people in agriculture today
who will fight for a fair percentage of
the national income for the farmer."
After lunch at Sarasota, we went to the
Double D Ranch. Owner Dallis Dart
and herdsman Odell Cannon conducted
us around a small part of the 30oo acres
of pasture. Moving on, we stopped at
Selby Ranch where Dick Flynt told us
about the artificial insemination program
they were planning. Selby Ranch boasts,
among other things, a purebred Angus
herd, two Harvestore glass-lined silos and
a new showbarn.
At Fenton Feeders in Arcadia Friday
evening we were privileged to meet the
founder himself. Mr. Fenton took us
around his plant, explaining each step in
the manufacture of his popular feeder.
At Sugarland Ranch Saturday morning,
Randal Fulford told us something of
their breeding program aimed at giving
maximum hybrid vigor. He was enthused
over the results of their Charolais-Brah-
Block and Bridle Club members will
long remember the barbecue and corn-on-
the-cob we enjoyed at Stein's Feedlot that
afternoon. Everyone ate and ate. To
quote Joe Allison, "If I die today, I'll die
of happiness." (Billy Bass almost did).
Mr. Fritz Stein showed us a very interest-
ing thing-15 tons of silage stored out
in the open and with very little spoilage.
A little later, loaded on trucks, we rode
over some of Wedgeworth Ranch pasture.
Belle Glade was invaded Saturday
night. Supper, a double feature movie
and most of us were back at the motel
early. Sunday morning came too soon
with breakfast at 6:3o. First we visited
Monterey Ranch near Indiantown. Mr.
R. Kelly, a graduate of the University of
Arkansas, showed us excellent White
Dutch and Hubam pastures. We were
interested in his ideas on the cattle busi-
ness and impressed by his foresight and
Caloosa Ranch proved to be a very
educational stop. We were shown pens
designed for up to 6-way separation of
cattle. The cutting gates could all be
operated by one man standing on a plat-
form in the center of the pens. Mr.
Williamson, a cattleman for 30 years and
ranch appraiser was well qualified to
speak to us about financing. He ex-
plained how long term financing could
be used to encourage ranch improvements
-such as a better pasture program.
The last stop of the trip was EEE, a
large commercial feed-lot near Holopaw.
Mr. Birchwood explained the basic pro-
gram at the feedlot operation. EEE has
about 5000 head in the lots and 5000 in
Gainesville bound, we were a quiet
bus load. All of us, I think, were more
aware of the problems and possibilities
of agriculture in our state today.
FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
Death Claims Extension'
Editor Clyde Beale After
20 Years Service
LYDE K. BEALE, editor with the Uni-
versity of Florida Agricultural Ex-
periment Stations and Extension Service,
died suddenly February 1 and was buried
in Gainesville February 4. He was
stricken with a heart attack while attend-
ing a meeting of the Gainesville Rotary
Club, of which he was president.
A native of Savannah and graduate of
the University of Georgia, Mr. Beale
joined the University of Florida agricul-
ture staff April 1, 1935, after six years of
newspaper work in Georgia and Tennes-
see. After 1 years as assistant editor,
he was made associate editor July i, 1946,
and was promoted to editor July 1, 1954.
He was in charge of the Florida Farm
Hour over Radio Station WRUF for 20
years and wrote thousands of news stories
and informational articles for daily and
weekly newspapers, radio stations, and
farm magazines published in Florida and
those with South-wide and national circu-
He was a member of the American As-
sociation of Agricultural College Editors
and Sigma Delta Chi professional journa-
listic fraternity. He was a member and
past president of the Atheneum Club at
the University of Florida and an hon-
orary member of the Associated Press As-
sociation of Florida.
He attended the Episcopal church.
Dr. J. Wayne Reitz, provost for agri-
culture at the University, paid tribute to
his untiring work in supplying agricul-
tural news and information to news-
papers, radio stations and farm journals
for nearly 20 years. "His death is a blow
to the University of Florida and the
whole state," the provost declared.
(Continued from page 7)
For her untiring efforts, Mrs. Ida
Keeling Cresap, deserves a great deal
of respect and credit for the fine job of
organizing our library in the manner in
which it stands today. Mrs. Cresap drew
the plans herself for the new library and
left "no stone unturned" until every
minute detail was perfected. The li-
brary we now have and the one we shall
have in the future represents her entire
life's work, and it is truly an accomplish-
ment that deserves something of a greater
nature than we here could possibly afford
We wish to extend to you Mrs. Cresap,
our deepest and sincerest appreciation in
the warmest possible way for your part
in our Agricultural Library of today and
The MM Uni-Farmor -6 harvest machines in I
Here's what happened to the brother
who stayed on the farm
Everybody knows the farm boy who set off to seek his
fortune in the glamorous city. You'll find his name gold-
lettered on the doors of a million offices. You'll meet him
daily on commuter's trains, on subways and buses, at
board meetings, on political rostrums, running lunch
counters and service stations. The transplanted farm boy
made good, and his success has surely figured in the pro-
gress of our nation.
But what happened to his brother? What happened to
the boy who stayed on the farm, to build his life after the
pattern of his parents? Plenty happened!
The country brother knew he couldn't go on farming in
the centuries-old tradition with muscle power doing the
work. In the Age of Machines, the farm, too, had to be
mechanized. Industry provided the machines, and by
their use, the country brother transformed American
Agriculture. With tractors instead of draft animals, com-
bines instead of threshing rigs, mechanical corn pickers
instead of husking hooks, he multiplied his production.
His modern, mechanized Farm-Factory now turns out
food and fibre at a manhour rate never before approached.
What's ahead for the brother who didn't leave the farm?
He hasn't even started! Machines like the Minneapolis-
Moline Uni-Farmor illustrate the dramatic forward step
thousands of American farmers are taking right now.
With his Uni-Farmor, the modern Farmer-Businessman
can harvest hay, silage, grain, beans, seed crops, and corn.
He can handle all his harvest jobs himself, with the same,
basic, self-propelled machine, and do every job in less
time and at lower cost than ever before possible. Advances
like that will mean new security and independence for the
man who farms, an increasing abundance for all of us.
Minneapolis-Moline is proud to have served the brother
who stayed on the farm. We're going to keep helping
him build his future with machines like the Uni-Farmor.
We figure American Agriculture is safe in his sure hands.
MODERN MACHINERY MINNEAPOLIS 1, MINNESOTA
MM MACHINES WORK FOR THE WORLD
4- -. -'
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
4-H Activities in Florida
by JIMMY CUMMINGS
THE MAIN draw point of the 4-H this
month was the program at the State
Fair in Tampa. It was presented on
Saturday, the 9ith of February. Presiding
was Jimmy Cummings, President of Boys'
A-H Council. Giving a very appropriate
response, was Mary Ann Godbold, Presi-
dent of Girls' State 4-H Council. The
pledge to the American flag, and the 4-H
pledge were made by Tommy Lawrence,
Secretary of the Boy's 4-H Council. Other
members of the Girls' Council were:
Merriam Simmons, Martha Mayfield,
Betty Hanson, Esther DeVore, and Edna
Marie Doyle. The members of the Boy's
Council were Billy Avery, Albert Rice,
Bill Mathis, Lonnie Davis, Howard
Renner, Arthur Cushman, and Charles
The purpose of this program was to
acquaint the 4-H'ers with their officers,
and to give them an idea of some of the
activities carried on in Florida agricul-
ture. A few of these were the Cattle
Tudging Contest, which was captured by
Sarasota County; and State Fair Awards,
which were given to outstanding 4-H'ers
of the year.
One of the main activities being
planned by the University 4-H Club is
the Rural Youth Conference. It is to be
held April the 15th and 16th, here at
the University of Florida. The main
speaker will be Mr. George Foster, who
will speak along the line of the theme-
All those who have an interest in agri-
culture, and others are invited.
OUR CLUB is young but growing and
now boasts a membership of 17,
which includes four Thialanders. The
spring semester selection of officers was as
follows: President Cotton Vreeland,
Vice President-Roy Lassiter, Secretary-
Treasurer Jeanne Lovett, Reporter-
Adele Roberts, and Parliamentarian-
One of the main events on campus
every year for us in the Agricultural Col-
lege is the Ag. Fair. Being a small club,
we are carrying a rather large portion for
our size. We plan to have a display
booth and also operate the concession
stand. Above and beyond this is our
contestant for Ag. Fair Queen, Miss
Rosalind Rush, a freshman from Coral
One of the purposes of the Ag. Ec.
Club is to avail ourselves of the services
from the members of this department,
other departments, and outstanding lead-
ers who may visit the campus from time
to time. We have made provisions in
our constitution for special meetings; sub-
sequently the main event on the program
is some well-known speaker. The first
meeting held this semester was last week.
The speaker of the evening was Mr. Levi
A. Powell, and the subject of his address
was "Future Trends in the Citrus Indus-
try." We strive to have one of these
main meetings each month; watch the
Orange and Blue Bulletin for time and
Among the representatives from vari-
ous places throughout Dixie attending
the meeting of the Association of South-
ern Agricultural Workers in Louisville,
Kentucky, were our own Professors W. K.
McPherson and William G. O'Regan, Dr.
Eldon D. Smith, Dr. R. E. L. Greene,
and Mr. Cecil N. Smith.
by JACK V. HURST
THE ANNUAL NES Bar-B-Que and initia-
tion was held at the Livestock Pa-
vilion of barbecued chicken and the trim-
mings served to all present. Then the
content and well-fed audience settled
back to enjoy the discomforts of the pled-
ges. Initiates were Gerald Herring, Ed
Baker, Karl Barbin, Martin Taylor, Ro-
ger Pierce, Neil Spencer, David McCul-
lough, Hubert Collins, and Lawrence
David Bleech, president of the society,
introduced the able MC, Theron Sis-
trunk. The pledges were called to the
front and center, bringing with them all
the paraphernalia necessary for perform-
ing a scientific experiment. The experi-
ment was a study of new and different
methods of preparing grasshoppers for
human consumption. After performing
the experiment and dispensing with the
initiation, the program was completed
with an informal acceptance of the pled-
ges into NES. The formal acceptance of
the new members was held at the next
Have you noticed the new shield-like
sign in Floyd Hall indicating meeting
times of NES? We are grateful to Henry
Castle and David Bleech for this fine
piece of work.
Members have been assigned to com-
mittees and are hard at work to bring
to you an enjoyable Ag Fair exhibit. The
theme is to be built around household
pests and should prove interesting to
anybody who lives in a building. Will
see you at Ag Fair!
Poultry Science Club
DURING AG FAIR the Poultry Science
Club again this year will sponsor the
Annual Florida Baby Chick, Poultry and
Egg Show. We of Poultry hope that
everyone has a chance to go through this
In the Baby Chick and Poult Show, you
will find different breeds and varieties
of Chicks and Poults (Baby Turkeys).
These will be day old birds and the hab-
its and ways of each are very interesting.
The persons entering this Show are com-
peting for cash prizes, ribbons, and tro-
phies. The outstanding ones receiving
The Egg Show is broken into three (3)
parts: the Open Show, FFA Show and the
Collegiate Show. The Open Show is
open to persons that have egg producing
farms in this State, they compete for cash
prizes, ribbons, and trophies as do the
Chick entrants. The FFA Show is open
to Chapters of FFA in the Schools in the
State. Their prizes are cash and ribbons
to be awarded on the Danish System. The
Collegiate Show is for the students here
in the University, there are cash prizes
and ribbons for the winners. For this
Show the only requirement is to grade
and select your own eggs.
All entries in these Shows become the
property of the Poultry Science Club to
help defray the expenses of the Judging
team's trip to Jackson, Miss. each year.
This year Dr. Driggers has eight (8)
men trying out for the team which will
travel to Jackson the 14 and i5th of April
to compete in the Southern Collegiate
Poultry Judging Contest.
The chairman of the committees for
the Show are: Chick-George Williams,
Egg-William Burger, and Exhibit-Her-
man O. Jones, Jr.
Poultry has for the third straight year
won the Club and individual award for
selling the most tickets for the Turkey
Shoot. The revolving trophy is now the
permanent property of the Poultry Club.
New officers for the second semester
are: President, Art Duchaine; Vice-Presi-
dent, William Burger; Sec.-Treas., George
Williams; Reporter, Herman O. Jones, Jr.
by FRED SAUNDERS
THE THYRSUS Horticultural Club has
recently published a departmental
news letter which was sent to all alumni
of the Horticulture department. The
letter, the first published by the club,
contained news about alumni, research
problems of graduate students, and un-
dergraduate departmental news. It was
edited by Paul Zoff, a graduate student
Elections for second semester were held
at the first regular meeting of the semes-
ter. Officers elected were: President,
Dub Price; vice president, Myron Sasser;
secretary, Jim Joyce; treasurer, Alton
Crozier. Led by these fine officers, we
are looking forward to a successful
The Jackson Grain Company was
organized in 1909 in Tampa by the
late Frank D. Jackson as a wholesale
distributing organization to serve the
growing agricultural needs of the state.
Products sold by the company at that
time consisted almost entirely of corn,
such as bran and shorts, cottonseed
oats, wheat, flour and mill by-products
meal, cottonseed hulls and hay. The
company prospered from the start and
within a few years moved to its present
location and built the first grain elevator
in the state of Florida.
In the early 1920's the poultry and
dairy industries began to assume some
importance in the state's economy and
the Jackson Grain Company adapted
itself to changing conditions and be-
came one of 'the largest distributors of
mixed dairy and poultry feeds in the
state. It sold the first mixed scratch
grains and the first 'sweet-feed" ever
offered in Florida and it was the first
feed distributor to bring in to the state
a solid freight train of manufactured
In the early 1930's the Company
began manufacturing some feeds of
its own and by 1940 it was manufac-
turing and distributing a complete line
of poultry and dry feeds under its
MANUFACTURERS AND DISTRIBUTE
now well known X-Cel brand. Grow-
ing rapidly with Florida the next 10
years the company found it necessary
by 1950 to build a modern "push but-
ton" feed mill to meet the ever-increas-
ing demand for its products.
During the same period the com-
pany organized a retail subsidiary known
as X-Cel Stores, Inc. and opened
branches in Tampa, Plant City, Winter
Haven and Orlando. The company also
began distributing fertilizer, seeds and
In 1952 the company extended its
activities to manufacturing agricultural
insecticides and fungicides in its own
plant so that it could better serve
growing Florida agricultural interests.
Today the Jackson Grain Company
has a well rounded organization staffed
with men competent to serve in the
various fields in which it operates. It
has its own chemical laboratory and a
poultry research farm where its prod-
ucts are checked scientifically.
After 45 years of service to the state,
changing its operation to meet chang-
ing conditions, the Jackson Grain Com-
pany is today a Florida-owned and
operated organization looking forward
each day for better ways to serve the
agricultural community of Florida.
46 YEARS OF GROWTH WITH FLORIDA
Rosemere Farms, Inc.
For Sale At All Times
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
INDEX TO ADVERTISERS
Allis-Chalm ers ..................... 8
Baird Hardware Co................. 16
Business Equipment Co............. 16
Campus Shop and Book Store ........16
Deere and Company .............. 2
Florida Favorite Fertilizer .......... 18
Florida State Theatre .............. 16
Florida Pest Control ............... 16
Hercules Powder Co................. 16
International Harvester Co........... 23
Jackson Grain Company ............ 22
J. I. Case Co..................... .. 5
Johnson Brothers .................. 18
Lewis Jewelry Co .................. .16
Lyons Fertilizer Co.................. 3
Minneapolis Moline Co.............. 20
Modern Home and Appliance.........16
Norris Cattle Company ............. 3
Respess Grimes Engraving Company..22
Rosemere Farms .................. .22
Security Feed Mills................. .
Suni Citrus ........................15
The Gas Well.......................16
The Park Inn ...................... 16
Trueman Fertilizer Co............... 6
V-C Fertilizer Co.................... io
Wilson and Toomer Fertilizer Co..... 15
W R. Aymes Co................... 12
A report to you about men and machines that help maintain International Harvester leadership
How IH engineers
widened the scope of
NEW FARMALL' I
Farmall Hydra-Touch hydraulic system increases the
operating ease and efficiency of equipment for the new
three-plow Farmall 300 and the new four-plow Farmall
400. Shown are the control levers for the three-valve
system. Levers are moved to "raise" or "lower", then
automatically return to neutral when implement
reaches selected position.
Principal elements of the new Farmall Hydra-Touch
system: (A) Engine-driven, gear-type pump. (B) Steel
suction and pressure tubing. (C) Big oil reservoir.
H (D) Control valves-one, two or three may be used.
(E) Control levers. (F) Rear junction block with self-
Ssealing couplings. (G) Right junction box. (H) Left
junction box. (I) Regulator and main safety valves.
The new Farmall Hydra-Touch system provides
almost unlimited application of hydraulic power to
the control of farm implements and machines, both
tractor-mounted and trailing. This widened range
of usefulness is made possible by an entirely new
type of control valve, developed through the team-
work of IH product design and manufacturing
The new Hydra-Touch control valve permits the
use of either single or double-acting cylinders.
With the latter, implements are power-lowered, as
well as raised, or can be "nudged" to vary working
position with hairline accuracy. Down pressure can
be applied. The valves also can be set to provide
Practically any desired degree of control is easily
obtained. Up to three control valves may be used
and roving cylinders may be applied as required
for either unit implement control, or control of
sub-units. Cultivators, for example, may be
equipped for delayed, selective, and/or unison
gang control. Draft point of McCormick Fast-
Hitch plows and other implements are hydrauli-
cally controlled, resulting in highest quality of
work with minimum draft.
For complete details showing why new Farmall Hydra-Touch allows hydraulic
power to be more flexible than on any other three-plow or larger tractors, write
for free catalogs on New Farmall 300 and Farmall 400 tractors.
International Harvester products pay for themselves in use-McCormick Farm Equipment and Farmall Tractors...
Motor Trucks... Crawler Tractors and Power Units... Refrigerators and Freezers-General Office, Chicago 1, IIi.
YOU SHOULD KNOW
When you find young plants cut off at the ground,
a cutworm is probably responsible, and might well
be found in a small burrow in the soil close by. A
cutworm is the larva, or caterpillar, of a night-
flying moth. There are many kinds. The com-
moner ones are stout, well-fed, soft-bodied, smooth
or nearly smooth, and cylindrical, with color vary-
ing from gray to brown or nearly black. Some-
times they are spotted or marked with stripes.
The fleahopper pierces and sucks sap from the
terminal buds and newly formed squares .
breeds on goatweed crotonn), primrose, horsemint,
and other plants. One field of goatweed may hatch
millions of fleahoppers. The adult is a flattened,
oval-shaped, pale-green winged insect approxi-
mately Y8" long. The body is spotted with four
black marks near the wing tips. The young cotton
fleahopper is very small, green, and wingless.
For full color booklet showing
these and other insects write to Hercules
Philaenus leucophthalmus (L.)
Spittlebugs attack alfalfa and other leg-
umes. The yellow- or coral-colored imma-
ture bugs are first found in tiny specks of
foam or froth on the plants in early Spring.
They suck sap from the young, tender
plant parts as they travel upward, always
enlarging the spittle masses. In June, the
bugs develop wings and swarm over the
fields as brown or gray, wedge-shaped,
quick-jumping hoppers which infest hay.
Naval Stores Department, HERCULES POWDER COMPANY 911 King Street, Wilmington 99, Del.
IM COR WOnATE D
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