A A A
...is for BALE
No doubt about it-this will sound a
million times removed from the subject of bales,
If you've ever hung around the kitchen much at
canning time, you're sure to have noticed it-the
similarity, that is, between Ma's putting up pre-
serves and Pa's putting up hay.
For one thing, each-Pa, as well as Ma-attaches
to his and her particular job the same prime impor-
tance, going about it with the same visible earnest-
ness and at the same unyielding pace. What's more,
each applies to the job the same meticulous care
every step of the way-from the harvesting, to the
preparing, to the final storing.
Ah, yes-the storing. Ma has her special equip-
ment, of course, that helps her to speed through her
job and make captive for the winter months the very
most in the way of summer-grown flavor and nourish-
ment. And naturally, Pa has his-a John Deere Baler,
that makes an easy task of gathering, packaging, and
preserving swiftly and economically the vitamins,
minerals, and proteins that contribute so much to the
building of flesh and bone in livestock and to the
output of better animal products.
Which all goes to show what a difference a good
bale makes. Incidentally, that John Deere Baler of
Pa's-it's just one of a long line of John Deere Quality
Farm Machines and Implements designed and des-
tined to help him and farmers the country over to get
the most from a generous earth.
D E oi: Iini
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
j Quality in
NORRIS CATTLE CO.
Box 1051 OCALA, FLORIDA Ph. MA 2-7151
Be sure to call for your nearest Lyons representa-
tive and discuss your grove problems. He will be
glad to help you plan your grove program.
BE THE JUDGE OF HOW GOOD A FERTILIZER SHOULD BE
For many years, season after season, the users of Lyons Fertilizers have been producing premium
crops of highest quality fruits and receiving higher profits. Now, more than ever, high quality
fruit will command high prices. Plan now to increase your own net sales next season. The price
of good fertilizer is small when it increases your net returns.
P. O. Box 310
PLAN NOW TO USE LYONS FERTILIZERS
JANUARY, 955 PAGE THREE
The Florida College Farmer
Volume 7, Number 2 January, 1955
George M. Edwards ............................... Editor
George Milicevic, Jr....................... Managing Editor
Jackson Brownlee ..............Editorial Assistants
Jean Lovett................ ...................Ag Economics
John Creel ................................. Alpha Zeta
John Creel .................American Society of Agronomy
Arthur Wood...... American Society of American Engineers
Dempsey Thomas ......................Alpha Tau Alpha
Charles Cowart .........................Block and Bridle
George Milicevic. ......................... Dairy Science
Chuck Pulley .................................... Forestry
Bobby L. Taylor ...............Future Farmers of America
Philip Oberry ......... ...................Lamda Gamma Phi
J. Hurst...................... Newell Entomological Society
Arnold Fisher .......................... Poultry Science
Dubbie Price.................................... Thrysus
Bobby Taylor....................... Vocational Education
Art Duchaine............................ Business Manager
Richard McRae .....................Circulation Manager
Tom Rowand....................Asst. Circulation Manager
Pat Close Circulation Assistants
Faculty Advisory Committee
J. Clyde Driggers............................... Chairman
Entered as second class mailing matter at the Post Office at University
Station, Gainesville, Florida, December 8, 1938, under an Act of Congress
of 1879. Fifteen cents per copy, fifty cents per year, $1.25 for three years,
$2.00 for five years. Published four times during the year: November,
January, March, and May. Address all correspondence to Florida College
Farmer, Florida Union Building, Gainesville, Florida.
The Ag Extension Service and You...................... 6
Wilmot Memorial Gardens ............................ 7
New Antibiotic Proven Effective Against
Vegetable Disease ..................................... 8
Progress Through the Ag Experiment Station............. 10
What Happens to Agronomy and
Animal Husbandry Majors? ...........................11
New Alpha Zeta Pledges ...............................12
Past, Present, and Future of Agriculture.................. 14
Little International .................................17
The first attraction that you noticed on the cover is Miss Verena
Fogel, past state F. F. A. sweetheart from Gainesville, Florida. The
person that you would like to be in this scene is Charles Ray Cowart,
an outstanding University of Florida Animal Husbandry major from
rom the ECdltor' Dek
With this rambling dissertation we will try to finish up this
issue of the FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER. We are also in the pro-
cess of finishing up another semester of college. By the time
you read this, the rat race will be over. No doubt, some things
will turn out good and some bad. Now at the close of the se-
mester, some of us are finding things lacking here and there,
but the semester should turn out fairly well for everyone.
This year we are very thankful for the cooperation and
assistance that we have received from the faculty and students.
I want to extend special
thanks to Professor M. D. Seil
and to the students taking
Ag. Journalism for furnishing
us with some very good ar-
ticles about different phases
of agriculture. Several are
appearing in this issue and
we feel that you may learn
more about the inside of the ,
College of Agriculture from
Many of you in the College
of Agriculture are not aware
of some of the beauty that is
here on campus. By this, I
am referring to the Wilmot
Memorial Gardens. It is a
living, growing monument
that is dedicated to Roy Wil-
mot, a past University of
Florida Faculty Member. It GEORGE M. EDWARDS
is not only beautiful but edu-
cational, and should be visited by everyone. The editors
would like to express their appreciation to Dr. G. J. Stout,
A. Griffths, Dr. B. O. Thompson, and J. V. Watkins who so
graciously gave their time and information toward the writing
of this article.
Please note the article "What Happens to Agronomy and
Animal Husbandry Majors?". This is the beginning of a series
of three articles concerning what job opportunities are open
in different fields of agriculture upon graduation. Many of
us are not aware of these jobs and from the articles one may
get an idea of some of the careers that are open upon gradua-
The annual Ag. Fair, sponsored by Alpha Zeta, is to be
held March 14th and 15th. Thus far, the cooperation has
been very good and I'm sure that we can look forward to hav-
ing another mighty good Ag. Fair again.
The FARMER regrets very much losing Ralph Voss, one of
it's managing editors, who has made many fine contributions
to this magazine.
Coming Next Issue
As the second of a series of articles, next issue we are
presenting an article about'the job opportunities in Forestry
and Ag. Engineering.
Meet Your Business Manager
Art Duchaine is a senior majoring in Poultry Husbandry.
Art is from Jacksonville, Florida, married, and a member of
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER is printed by Cody Publications,
Inc., of Kissimmee, the publishers of the FLORIDA CATTLEMAN.
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
Rarely, if ever, has the imagination and ingenuity of farm
youth had so fascinating a field as is opened up by the
hydraulic controls used on modern tractors. With control
valves at his finger-tips, and standard portable rams which
will work wherever a hose will reach, there is almost no
limit to the things that an inventive young mind can con.
Major applications, of course, are ready-made by tractor H old
builders and specialty manufacturers. With the latest side-
mounted mower for the Case "VAC-14" Eagle Hitch Trac-
tor, two hydraulic cylinders provide instant adjustment of 1.m
both cutterbar angle and height of inner shoe. And when
a Case "200" side-rake is used for immediate windrowing,
the built-in hydraulic cylinder of Eagle Hitch also adjusts
raking height of the reel. The driver does two jobs at once, LF o r
with three major adjustments under hydraulic control.
The same versatility of hydraulic power can be adapted O U
to pull up posts, jack up machines or portable buildings, do Y O
most any task that takes precise control of mighty force.
You can count on modern hydraulics to help fulfill your
young ideas. Ideas.
If you'd like to know just how hydraulics work, Case
has a 15-minute movie, "Hydraulic Controls," on this fas-
cinating aid to modern power farming which you can bor-
row. A companion booklet of the same title is yours to keep
upon request. If you'd like to know about all the training
aids that Case makes available, ask for catalog "Visual
Aids to Modern Farming." J. I. Case Co., Racine, Wis.
Serving Farmers Since 1842
The Agricultural Extension
Service and ... You
By B. David Daniel
IN THE beginning each person grew or
killed his own food. Then there
evolved a group which grew food for the
rest of the people working in the cities.
These people who grew the food, known
as farmers, cried for some type of organ-
ization which would help them get up-to-
date information on farming. These de-
mands caused farm demonstration work
to be started in Florida in 1909. This was
the beginning of the Florida Agricultural
The State Legislature appropriated
funds for farmer's institutes and schools
in 19og. Then in 1914 Congress passed
the Smith-Lever Act which provided
money for county and home demonstra-
tion agents and state and federal staffs.
The organization of the Florida Agri-
cultural Extension service stems from the
Smith-Lever Act. It is a division of the
College of Agriculture. It is headed by
Director H. G. Clayton, who has been
the director since 1947. Under Mr. Clay-
ton there is an assistant director, an as-
sistant to the director, and a state home
Working under the assistant director
are 3o agricultural specialists. These men
are specialists in poultry, forestry, and
other fields such as these. Also, there are
three district agents-one for West Flor-
ida, one for the Gulf Coast and Ridge
Section, and one for the Atlantic Coast.
These district agents are in charge of the
104 county agents and assistants and the
22 Negro agents.
The state home demonstration agent is
responsible for the three district agents
and io women specialists. Under the dis-
trict agents are 62 home demonstration
agents and assistants.
Farm families have now come to de-
pend on the Extension Service. It has
come to be an out-of-school system of
education where farm families can learn
by doing. A farmer can learn how to
raise crops by working with his county
agent. The farmer's wife can learn how
to run the farm home more efficiently
and economically through the home dem-
onstration agent. The children can
learn through 4-H clubs.
We can even say extension work is a
partnership between the government,
land grant colleges and the people.
Farmers need information on better
farming. They obtain this information
through the Agricultural Extension Ser-
vice from the Experiment Stations lo-
cated at land-grant colleges. These col-
leges are supported by appropriations
from the various governments.
The main purpose of the Extension
Service, as you have probably already ga-
thered, is to disseminate information
which will help farmers raise their stan-
dard of living. Thus, it is the connecting
link between the Agricultural Experi-
ment Stations and the individual. There
are many ways which extension workers
can get this information to the farmer.
They use radio, newspapers, letters, bul-
letins, meetings, and personal contacts.
Extension agents have many office calls
each day and make visits to the farm.
They hold meetings and conduct tours
and demonstrations to keep the farmers
up on newer farming practices.
One of the main jobs of the assistant
agent is to work with 4-H clubs. Mem-
bership in these clubs is voluntary for
children between o1 and o2. The boys
are taught better farming practices, and
the girls are taught home economics.
They have projects which they pursue
and on which they keep records. These
projects usually involve a certain amount
of manual labor.
Emphasis is placed on four things-
the training of Head, Hands, Heart and
Health. It is from these that the clubs
received their names. In placing em-
phasis upon these, the clubs are attemp-
ting to turn out superior citizens.
Each local club has regular meetings.
The meetings usually consist of three
parts-business, lesson and social. Besides
meetings the club may take tours, have
parties, put on exhibits and many other
things of interest and enjoyment to the
During the summer many of the boys
and girls will spend a week at one of the
five 4-H district camps. These camps
are at Niceville, Cherry Lake, Astor Park,
Lake Placid, and Doe Lake. Here they
are taught such things as citizenship and
In the past the Extension Service has
done many things for the farm family.
They have helped the farmer, his wife,
and his children: It was done separately
Now they are at the eve of a new
era. They are beginning to use the unit
approach. In this they combine the
work of the farmer, his wife, and his chil-
dren so there is a maximum of farm and
home development. This new arrange-
ment has been working only a short time,
but it has been accepted favorably.
The Extension Service has set up three
pilot areas-Leon and Jefferson, Colum-
bia and Hamilton, and Holmes and
Washington-in six counties. They have
assigned three associate agents who with
the county and home demonstration
agents will work with between 15 and
20 farm families in each county the
As already stated,' this approach is still
in its infancy, but has been accepted
favorably. There is yet much hard work
to be spent on organizing it, but if it
works as all indications show it will, we
can thank the Florida Agricultural Ex-
tension Service once again. They will
have again helped the farm family by
keeping pace with time.
EACH HEN in the laying flock should hvae
from five to six inches of feeding space.
Thus, four 6-foot hoppers that allow
feeding from both sides are required for
every 1oo hens.
THE FIRST Florida hay ever shipped out
of the state was loaded into five freight
cars at Fort Myers recently for shipment
to Colombia, South America, according
to Lee County Agent Carl P. Heuck.
The Pangola grass hay will be loaded
on a cattle boat at Port Everglades to
feed cattle being shipped to Colombia
under a program to improve the South
American country's agricultural economy.
"This is quite a switch," Mr. Heuck
said. "Up to now we have been having
hay shipped in here, and now we are
making more hay than we can use."
FLORIDA 90 and Missionary varieties of
strawberries have produced very satisfac-
torily in Florida. Strawberries should be
planted in Florida in September and
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
WILMOT MEMORIAL GARDENS
"A Living and Growing Monument"
By Anne Cawthon
STATELY PINES, camellias, shady paths,
and the quiet beauty of a garden-
this is the memorial to a man whose love
and knowledge of camellias made him
renowned. Some famous people have
stone monuments, buildings, or even bat-
tleships dedicated to them; but for the
friends and admirers of Roy Wilmot, this
garden of camellias is a most fitting tri-
bute to the man and his life's efforts.
The Wilmot Memorial Garden is a liv-
ing, growing monument. It is one of the
most extensive camellia plantings in the
South containing between six and seven
hundred camellia plants of some five "
hundred different varieties which have
been donated by growers throughout the
It was here at the University of Florida
as assistant horticulturist for the Florida
Agricultural Experiment Station that
Roy Wilmot did his research on camel-
lias and other ornamentals. He was re-
sponsible for bringing together the large
collection of camellia species and va-
rieties grown on the grounds of the Ex-
periment Station. Through his outstand-
ing efforts he became one of the country's
leading camellia authorities and a popu-
lar speaker at garden clubs and judge for
camellia shows around the country.
Royal James Wilmot was born January
9, 1898 in Rochester, New York. He
graduated in 1922 from the University of
Tennessee with a Bachelor of Science in
Agriculture and in 1933 he received a
Master of Science degree in Agriculture
at the University of Florida. With his
excellent educational background, native
ability and eye for form and color, he was
well suited to Ornamental Horticulture,
his chosen field of work. He had a wide
knowledge of the breed of Ornamental
Horticulture, but it was particularly in
the culture and nomenclature of camel-
lias that he excelled.
Wilmot helped to organize the Ameri-
can Camellia Society in 1945 and served RoY WILMOT
as secretary of the organization from 1945
(Continued on page 20) "Those Who Knew Him Best Esteemed Him Most"
New Antibiotic is Found to be
Against Vegetable Disease
ANEW ANTIBIOTIC formula was demon-
strated on December 6 to be effective
in controlling a vegetable disease that
reduces crop yield up to 75%.
Dr. R. S. Cox, Associate Plant Patholo-
gist at the Florida State Agricultural
Experiment Station at Belle Glade, called
together some of Florida's leading vege-
table growers for a special field demon-
stration involving the new antibiotic
plant spray, Agri-mycin.
"Field results obtained with this anti-
biotic formula," Cox said, "are highly
effective in controlling one of our worst
Growers and county agents listened to
Dr. Cox's reports of the disease controls
achieved in bacterial spot of peppers, a
disease that costs the nation's farmers
hundreds of thousands of dollars annual-
ly. Previous field tests have proven the
effectiveness of Agri-mycin, developed by
Chas. Pfizer & Co., Inc. of Brooklyn, N.
Y., in the control of fire blight, a crop
disease affecting pears and apples, and
halo blight, which affects lima beans.
On the Roswell Harrington farm in
Canal Point, Florida, where much of the
field work was conducted, test results
indicated that pepper crop yield could be
doubled with proper application of anti-
biotic disease controls. Three years ago,
normal crop yield on the Harrington
farm averaged 11oo bushels per acre.
After being severely hit with bacterial
spot and virus diseases Mr. Harrington's
yield dropped to 290 bushels per acre.
Together with the Agri-mycin tested on
the field beds, seven orthodox chemicals
and four separate streptomycin concen-
trations were used. As scientific controls
some infected beds were left untreated.
Agri-mycin, which is a combination of
the well-known antibiotics terramycin
and streptomycin, provided disease con-
trol superior to any other spray used.
"Antibiotics in plant sprays," said Dr.
Cox, "have many advantages not present
in standard chemical controls. The
streptomycin-terramycin formula is ab-
sorbed by the plant, thus giving the
plant system a defense against disease
bacteria. The principle is the same as
that applied by the physician in curing
"While chemical sprays will be washed
off by rain, this cannot happen with the
antibiotics once they are absorbed.
Agricultural county agent M. V.
Mounts of Palm Beach told the as-
sembled growers as they stood among
rows of green and healthy plants that
more than $2-billion is lost in the United
States each year because of plant disease.
"Because of work such as this being
carried on by our agricultural scientists,
this appalling figure may soon be sub-
stantially reduced," he said. "These
field tests are positive proof that the
successful application of antibiotics in
agriculture has as great a potential as
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
By GEORGE MILICEVIC, JR.
T WAS amid the aroma of freshly barbe-
qued beef and baked beans that more
friendships were made and a more closely
knit Dairy Science Department was insti-
gated here at the University on December
Annually the Dairy Science Club spon-
sors some form of assembly for the Dairy
Science Department's staff, workers, dairy
extension men, and their families. This
year the assembly materialized in the form
of a barbeque which was held at the
Dairy Research Unit at Hague.
A planned program held in the dairy
barn added to the nutritious thrill that
must have been experienced in digesting
the 300oo pounds of barbeque, slaw, baked
beans, milk, coffee, ice cream, and
"there's no telling what all." Indeed,
Bessie the heifer would have been quite
astonished if she had had to give her
daily contribution to the tune of "This
Old House" or "Down Yonder," played
by Jack Dodd on the piano. Or maybe
she would have taken a more nonchalant
attitude as expressed in the tune "It Don't
Hurt Anymore," sung by Doug King.
Ross Longmire provided entertainment
with his harmonicas (using a different
harmonica for each tune.) Fullness,
diversity, and success was added to the
program by the participation of Mrs.
C. W. Reaves and her three daughters
in playing light symphonic music for
the more than one hundred people
present. It was only through our good
luck charms that we were fortunate
enough to have T. W. Sparks as master
of ceremonies as well as Dr. E. W. Cake
as a song leader for the Christmas carols
and popular songs that were sung. The
special guests of the evening were Dean
C. V. Noble, J. M. Scott, and W. M.
The atmosphere of enjoyment and the
number of people present were enough
to make the Club and staff more appre-
hensive toward the "get-together" for
Ag. Economics Club News
LEHMAN FLETCHER, president of the
club last year, was called to active duty
with the Air Force in December, and is
stationed temporarily in Houston, Texas.
He plans to return to Harvard Univer-
sity when he finishes his tour of duty.
Dr. Bob White, an economist and price
analyst for Florida Citrus Mutual in
Lakeland,. gave an interesting lecture on
"The Use of Market Information in the
Citrus Industry" to members of the club,
and faculty and staff of Ag. College, Ag.
Experiment Station, and Ag. Extension
Service. To go along with the theme
of Mr. White's lecture, freshly squeezed
orange juice was served with cookies.
Cotton Vreeland donated the oranges,
and members of the club squeezed them
with equipment furnished by Dr. Vilece
of the Horticulture Dept.
Mr. and Mrs. Larry Reuss were injured
in an automobile accident in November
in Tennessee. They are recovering at
Baptist Hospital, Memphis and will re-
turn home shortly. Mr. Reuss is an ag.
economist for B. A. E. and has an office
in Building OD.
The club is giving a turkey dinner for
faculty members who participated in the
Ag. Economics block of the Turkey
Shoot at Mr. Thor's home on December
16. There was a contest between the
club members and faculty members with
the understanding that the winners would
be feted at a turkey dinner. Mr. Thor
won the turkey and about 25 will be on
hand to devour the prize.
Block and Bridle Club
By CHARLES COWART
BLOCK AND Bridle Clubbers are ending
an action packed Fall semester. Be-
ginning with the first meeting filled with
faculty, members, and prospective mem-
bers; then moving to our service at the
Legislator's Barbeque at Homecoming;
we stepped up to the Producers Field
Day and Grading School. This year's
school revolved around grades and class-
ifications for beef cattle and market
barrows. B &- B Clubbers assisted the
University's Animal Husbandry Depart-
ment by providing top-notch barbeque
both days of the course.
Our next activity, the Little Interna-
tional Livestock Show, gave a climax to
the semester's work. Our pledges did
fine jobs of grooming and training their
various cattle, sheep, and hogs. This
resulted in a fast moving, highly compet-
itive livestock show. Afterward we
scored socially with a square dance.
We are expectant of big accomplish-
ments this Spring as were had last Fall.
One of these is our annual B & B Field
Trip on which we tour certain areas in
the state. Purebred and commercial
ranches, feed lots, and other operations
concerned with livestock will be on our
agenda. Feb. 17-20, 1955 will be days
and experiences long remembered by
those members on the field trip.
Later the Herdsman's Short course will
bring livestock men from throughout the
state to the Univ. of Fla. April 14-16.
Here they will attend the Alumni Breed-
er's Banquet followed Thursday and
Friday by an informative, vital summary
of the state's livestock problems and
practices. Block and Bridlers will work
with the Department of Animal Hus-
bandry in planning and providing for
the success of the field day.
Another Spring activity is our partici-
pation in the Agricultural Fair held here
at the University through the hard work
of all clubs in the Ag. College. We
hope to make Animal Husbandry and
Nutrition stand out again this year
through our active interest and work in
the Ag. Fair.
In addition to adding in the sponsor-
ship of the livestock judging team, we
will enliven the Spring semester with our
initiation. Also we'll have planned
Active Block and Bridle participation
is a major step in our college education.
F.F.A. Enjoys Chicken Fry
By BOBBY L. TAYLOR
DESPITE FREEZING weather, the collegi-
ate chapter of the Future Farmers of
America held one of its two scheduled
outings Tuesday evening, December 14,
in College Park.
Guests present were: Dean Noble, Dr.
and Mrs. Garris, Professor and Mrs. Lof-
ten, Dr. Velice, Mrs. Reddell, and Mrs.
The members and guests were treated
to southern fried chicken and all the
trimmings. I'm sure no one left hungry.
Much credit for such a success is due to
the effort of the Outing Committee: Jim
Lathain, chairman, Wright Crosby, Bill
Burger, and Alto Straughn.
Forestry Field Day
By CHUCK PULLEY
HE ANNUAL School of Forestry Field
Day which was held Friday, December
loth was as usual a big success.
It started at io:oo a.m. with demonstra-
tions by several commercial firms of saws,
tractors, and fire fighting equipment.
Following the demonstrations dinner
consisting of hot dogs and coffee was
served. Although a trifle late in arriv-
ing, it proved to be a very satisfying
Contests began immediately after
dinner and were greatly enjoyed by con-
testants and spectators alike. Some stu-
dents from the Lake City Ranger School
along with many of the boys from the
University entered the contests which in-
cluded bait casting, log chopping, log
sawing, chain throwing, and a basal area
estimation. W. W. Milton, a University
student, was high point man of the day,
and carried home a fine cross-cut saw,
which he chose as his prize. All prizes
were donated by various tool, equipment,
and lumber companies.
After the contests were over, supper,
which happened to be on time, was
served. This was a delicious meal of
southern fried chicken, home-made pota-
(Continued on page 18)
PROGRESS... Through The
Agricultural Experiment Station
By Norman Chase
IT HAS been estimated (1935) that the
experimental findings of the Agricul-
tural Experiment Station System are sav-
ing and earning more than twenty-five
million dollars annually for Florida farm-
ers, yet the total cost of this research to
both state and federal governments since
its beginning in 1888 is less than six mil-
Imagine an investment which would
pay dividends each year valued at more
than four times the total investment for
the entire period. This in a few words
is what the Agricultural Experiment Sys-
tem has done.
Many of the crops grown in the state
are so entirely different from those pro-
duced elsewhere that their establishment,
plus ever increasing yields, are dependent
upon research paving the way.
For instance, in the realm of field
crops, the Station and the United States
Department of Agriculture have gone to
many different countries, seeking and
finding new crops adapted to Florida.
From the Plant Introduction Garden on
the Experiment Station grounds have
come many plants that now occupy places
of importance in the economic plant life
of this state. Among these are crotalaria,
centipede grass, Bahia grass, dallis grass
and others. In addition, velvet beans, a
crop growing naturally and formerly
thought to be poisonous, have been de-
veloped into a staple cow feed and are
grown throughout the South as a result
of the Florida Station's investigation.
By breeding and selection, new strains
and varieties of old familiar crops are
being developed. "Contender", a new
variety of snap bean recently developed
is characterized by having the pods in
clusters under the plant, and further by
the fact that the pods separate easily from
the plant without pulling the plants up.
The sugar canes of America are de-
rived from five species and their hybrids.
The wild canes from Asia are used in
making hybrids with other species. Dis-
ease-resistant varieties of sugarcanes were
introduced in Florida after a disease
epidemic in 1926, others were developed
at Canal Point, Florida. Almost all of
the improved American varieties have
been developed from hybrids produced as
a result of the 1926 epidemic.
The agricultural Experiment Station
System is one of the three divisions of
the College of Agriculture in the Univer-
sity of Florida, the others being the Resi-
dent Teaching and Extension Service. In
the 66 years of its existence, the Experi-
ment Station has published and distri-
buted 553 bulletins, 605 press bulletins
and 76 circulars.
The need for these bulletins is readily
seen when one realizes that Florida is a
state peculiar unto itself, with agricul-
tural problems that are not duplicated
anywhere else in the United States.
When the drainage work in the Florida
Everglades was completed to the extent
that much of the land in the area was
available for cultivation, the hopes of
those sponsoring the project received a
rude jolt. Out of the millions of acres
of muck soil available only small areas
adjacent to the lake were unable to pro-
The Everglades branch of the system
came into existence and its chemists and
plant specialists set about to find the
troubles. They soon discovered that the
soils were in need of copper and manga-
nese. Since these elements have been
supplied in fertilizer, bounteous crops
have been produced.
Experiment Station animal husband-
men have found that in certain wide-
spread areas of Florida the pastures are
lacking in certain mineral elements, such
as iron, copper, calcium and phosphorus.
Salt-sickness is an age-old problem that
has been cured by giving animals access
to a recommended mixture of salt, iron
and copper. The savings annually
amount to many thousands of dollars.
Similarly, phosphorus deficiencies in
range cattle and calcium shortages in the
feed of dairy cattle have been corrected
to the tremendous advantage of the own-
Studies of feeding problems have
opened the way to the utilization of by-
products from citrus canning factories,
and now citrus pulp is a major supple-
mental feed for dairy cattle, similarly,
supplemental sources of silage have been
brought into the field of cattle feeds,
especially for winter feeding of dairy
Florida's sandy soils are especially sub-
ject to infestations by nematodes which
attack the roots of certain crops, causing
severe damage. Many years ago an Ex-
periment Station entomologist devised a
simple method to combat the nematode.
His solution is to keep the soil free from
crops during the summer months. As a
result the nematode eggs hatch and the
young starve to death before the winter
truck season arrives. For small scale
operations, fumigation with "D-D", a
commercial preparation by Shell Oil Co.
gives very satisfactory results.
The main station of the system is lo-
cated on the campus of the University,
while branch stations and field labora-
tories are situated so that the state and
all of its agricultural enterprises are
served from strategic points.
1. Central Florida Station.....Sanford
2. Citrus Station ........ .Lake Alfred
g. Everglades Station......Belle Glade
4. Gulf Coast Station.......Bradenton
5. North Florida Station....... Quincy
6. Range Cattle Station.......... Ona
7. Sub-Tropical Station.... Homestead
8. Suwannee Valley Station..Live Oak
9. W. Central Fla. Station..Brooksville
io. West Florida Station ........... Jay
Another year is dawning!
Dear Master, let it be,
In working or in waiting,
Another year with Thee.
Another year of leaning
Upon Thy loving breast,
Of ever-deepening trustfulness,
O quiet, happy rest.
Another year of mercies,
Of faithfulness and grace;
Another year of gladness
In the shining of Thy face.
Another year of progress,
Another year of praise:
Another year of proving
Thy presence all the days.
Another year of service,
Of witness for Thy love;
Another year of training
For holier work above.
Another year is dawning,
Dear Master, let it be,
On earth, or else in heaven,
Another year for Thee!
F. R. Havergal
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
What Happens to Agronomy
and Animal Husbandry Majors?
By John Creel
SOME FORTUNATE students who graduate
from the College of Agriculture have
a farm to go back to. This is the desire
of most students and they are just waiting
until they can have enough money to
get started on their own.
It is not hard to see the reasoning
behind their dreams if you happened to
grow up on a farm. Something just
seems to get in the blood of a farm boy
that most of us cannot get out. It may
be the challenge of trying to work with
nature in the best possible way to pro-
duce a crop. It may be the pleasant
memories, of roaming as a child through
the pastures, woods and fields, that al-
ways present themselves when you want
to take a walk or grow a garden but find
yourself surrounded on all sides by
cement walks and houses that belong to
strangers living next door. It may just
be a love for working with things that
are living and trying to discover some
of the secrets placed there by the
Supreme Being. Sometime I believe
that some of us are also tied to the love
of farm life by the memory of many
hardships suffered by the family, during
the hard years of the 1930's, and how
the family worked together as a unit to
get the most possible out of life.
Today we can look around us and see
many modern homes orf the farms of
today. If you look inside these homes
you will find just as many conveniences
and labor-saving devices as can be found
in a city home. When you combine the
comforts of living in the city with the
freedom, independence and individual-
ism of farm life it is irresistible. We can
look with pride at the changes that have
been made in farm living in the last few
Some graduates are not fortunate
enough to have a farm or ranch waiting
for their return. For these agriculture
men, there are various job opportunities
that are directly connected to farming or
to the farm.
The USDA offers employment as
Junior Management Assistants. Through
the JMA examination, announced an-
nually, the Department hires a number
of employees in grades of GS-5 or GS-7,
depending on the education and experi-
ences of eligibles. The Department of
Agriculture is anxious that all possible
steps be taken to help stimulate the in-
terest of seniors in this examination.
The JMA is designed to attract candi-
dates who possess the ability to develop
into executives in the Federal Service.
Applicants must pass a written examina-
tion and a group oral interview to attain
eligibility. The initial appointment of
the JMA is usually a trainee type of
assignment designed to prepare the em-
ployee for relatively rapid advancement
if he demonstrates the required ability.
The department of Agriculture antici-
pates between o2 and 30 vacancies to
be filled by JMA eligibles in 1955.
The Agricultural Extension Service
provides employment for 15 to 20 gradu-
ates each year. These men usually go
into training as assistant county agents
and work under the direction of a coun-
ty agent. For a period of about two
years he works with the 4-H club. While
working with the club the new agent
learns to work with rural people and has
the opportunity to train young farmers
in better methods of farming. After the
minimum training period the new agent
is qualified to become a full county
The salary for county agents depends
on the county to which he is assigned
and length of service, but the average
seems to be good for a B.S. degree. Live-
stock and field crops are so widely spread
over our state that a graduate in
Agronomy or Animal Husbandry would
not be limited to a small area. Also
commercial companies pick a consider-
able number of their employees from the
ranks of assistant county agents.
An area that seems to be growing, as
farms and ranches increase in size, is
farm manager. Just as in industry, when
the cash outlay necessary for economical
production increases, farms must increase
in size to justify the expensive machinery.
There are some good opportunities as
manager of farm or ranch that offer
rewards very close to operating your own
farm. The salaries are usually fair and
a bonus is sometimes offered for peak
If you are interested in sales work
there is a field for you. Agronomists are
frequently employed as seed salesmen,
fertilizer salesmen, and as a more recent
development herbicide salesmen. The
sales jobs usually require traveling over
a large area and provide ample oppor-
tunity for meeting people in all walks of
life. It seems that the more people one
knows the better are his chances to pick
Animal husbandry majors find employ-
ment as salesmen in the feed industry.
Today the feed manufacturing industry
exists to serve the general public through
animal agriculture. By having filled an
important agriculture need, and by hav-
ing served well, the feed manufacturing
industry has become probably the fastest
growing field in all American agriculture.
A few years ago, livestock feeding con-
sisted of feeding home grains with any-
thing else that might be available. There
was little or no science behind the
rations that were fed on the farm. Today
the picture has changed considerably.
It has been said that a great number of
the well fed animals receive a more
scientifically balanced menu than most
of our human population.
Considering the vital service the feed
manufacturing industry fills, the growth
of animal agriculture, and the rapid rate
that our population is increasing each
year, it becomes clear that there are and
will be many bright opportunities for
the college graduate in this field. It
takes a man trained in the production
of livestock to give good advice to farm-
ers on their feeding problems.
The Meat Packing Industry is one of
the largest in the nation, providing em-
ployment in almost any capacity desired.
They require men for all types of re-
search such as nutrition, breeding, pack-
ing, processing and shipping. They also
offer opportunities in buying and selling
meat and meat products.
Some students wish to continue their
education. For them there is a bright
future in the satisfaction of research and
teaching. With the amount of knowl-
edge available today it requires more
than four school years to become well
enough informed to carry out the compli-
cated experiments to solve the problems
confronting farmers today. Research posi-
tions are available with state institutions
and with industry. Animal Science offers
problems in nutrition, radiation, anti-
biotics, animal breeding, hormones and
many others. For Agronomists there are
problems in plant breeding, introduction
of new plants, fertilization, weed control
and many problems in production of
field crops. Many students receive finan-
cial aid through fellowships and student
Chemical weed control is a field that
has developed in the last few years and
is one of the few that it is still possible
to get in on the ground floor. Weeds
cost the American farmers five billion
dollars annually, more than animal and
plant diseases and insects combined.
There are many jobs open to Agrono-
my and Animal Husbandry graduates
that are not very specific in requirements.
Many go into work with the soil conser-
vation, oil companies, teachers, and a
host of others, even to working with the
Above are pictured new members of Alpha Zeta. Front row, 7. A. Crozier, L. P.
Fleming, S. Arthur Duchaine, A. Nelson Davis, Rex Gilbreath. Rear row: Lewellyn
Heine, Clinton Griffin, Ralph Proctor, 7r., Robert B. Christmas, William L. Alsmeyer,
and William D. Gunter, 7r.
New Alpha Zeta Pledges
By JACKSON BROWNEE
ALPHA ZETA, which is a National Hon-
orary Fraternity for agriculture stu-
dents who have shown outstanding char-
acter and leadership, met December 7 for
a very delicious chicken Bar-B-Q. The
program consisted of a short talk by Dean
Noble, some joke telling and just a good
old-fashion agriculture get-together for
the new members and alumni. Dave
Bleech, a member of Alpha Zeta, did a
superb job in barbequing the chicken.
Although the weather was a bit chilly
everyone had a very enjoyable time.
Alph Zeta's big project of the year will
be the annual Ag. Fair which will be held
about the middle of second semester.
Exhibits will be shown by all the ag. or-
ganizations on campus and one can find
many exhibits comparable to the Florida
State Fair exhibits. Last year's exhibit
winner was the American Society of
Agronomy. Along with the fair, each year
a Florida Co-ed is chosen to reign as Ag.
Fair Queen. The contestants are spon-
sored by the ag. organizations and the
winner is announced on Saturday night.
Tapping ceremonies are held again
second semester after which a formal
banquet is usually held so the members
and alumni can again get together.
Each year Alpha Zeta chooses a mem-
ber of the faculty who has been outstand-
ing in his work with students and his
ability to teach and presents him an as-
sociate membership of their order. Last
year Dr. D. E. McCloud was chosen for
The purpose of Alpha Zeta is to de-
velop character, encourage scholarship
and to assist the agriculture college.
THE LENGTH of work day on farms, as well
as number of workers, has been grad-
ually declining in recent years.
Higher production at lower cost often means
the difference between profit and loss. The
right fertilizer mixtures for specific crops and
soil types can be the answer to this problem.
The makers of Florida Favorite Fertilizer have
made an extensive study of Florida crops and
soils and formulate fertilizer mixtures to the
individual grower's needs for best results. This
means more efficient and more economical
fertilization. Try FFF Brand fertilizers! You'll
SINCE 1910 THE STANDARD OF THE FIELD
LESS LABOR MORE PROFIT WITH
FLOOD FURROW SPRINKLE
W THF AMI F
to point of
Revolving Sprinkler Low Pressure Sprinkler
THE CAMERON & BARKLEY COMPANY
r.-- SEND FOR FREE FOLDER ---
W. R. AMES CO., 3905 E. BROADWAY,
City .---- State_ .------
W.R.ME CM* 0
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
Phone Mutual 2-1291 P. 0. Box 912 LAKELAND, FLORIDA
Southern Feeds for Southern Conditions
For more than a quarter of a century Security
Feeds have been developed through research to
help Southern farmers produce more milk, more
meat, and more eggs more efficiently and profit-
ably. As the first feed manufacturer in the South
O to operate an experimental farm to scientifically
develop new feeds based on the latest nutritional
findings, Security Mills has always been a leader
in providing better feeds
for the growing South. Pro- Q
gressive feeders know they
Scan depend on SECURITY
FEEDS for top performance
There is a SECURITY FEED
for all classes of poultry and
Severe animal on the farm,
including the dog.
SECURITY MILLS, INC. 'TY
Past, Present, and Future
By Bob Woodward
THE ABUNDANCE of the American farm-
er of today is a far cry from the
cultivators of the Hanging Gardens of
Babylon in 3000 B.C. During the past
75 years he has made greater progress
than in recorded histories 7000 years.
Agriculture in the older times arose
as a necessity of primitive man. He first
survived on wild game and fruits but
his demand for food outstripped his
supply and his capacity to live rested on
his labor and the fruitfulness of the earth.
To compensate for this he turned to
domestication of animals, and he would
move from place to place in search of
better grazing. During this period of
roaming some groups settled down due
to either the loss of their animals or a
tiredness for wandering. This is where
the modern farmer of today first started.
The first crops of these early farmers
were mostly cereals grown on the poorer
land while their animals grazed on the
better soils. As time passed he noticed
that his crops grew better on spots where
manure, ashes, or broken limestone had
been deposited. Thus he stumbled on
the first crop fertilization. He noted also
that his best crops were on weed free
soil with a good supply of moisture and
a deep top soil. He found that if he
planted and conserved this soil he would
have a better food supply. The first
soil conservation practices on record
were carried out by the Romans around
2000 years ago. They used green manure
crops and fertilized with lime, marl, and
From here agriculture grew slowly
and painfully. Mother nature would be
generous to the farmer one year and the
next she would wage all out war. If the
insects didn't steal his crops; floods,
winds, drought, or weeds might rob him
of his land. Until recent years the man
of agriculture little understood the
nature of these obstacles. He attributed
them to evil spirits punishing him for
his wrong doings. At the present man
hasn't been able to eradicate any of the
obstacles but he has made considerable
progress at keeping them at arms length.
The Colonial American farmer used
the same methods and tools as the early
farmers with the exception of the cradle
and scythe. The main problem of this
time was that each man had to devote
all his efforts to raising enough food for
himself and his family. In colonial
times farmers made up 85% of the U.S.
population while today they account for
The colonial farmer did not have to
face this problem alone. At his service
since the early days of this country have
been the scientist, the engineers, and the
inventors. It is this technology and not
social protest that has brought the
American farm to its vast productivity
In 18oo the farmer was feeding 1-1/3
persons while today he has increased his
productivity to the point where he feeds
himself and 14 others. In 1830 the
human labor needed to produce one
bushel of grain was 31/2 hours while in
1896 the time was slashed to to minutes.
Much of this above progress was due to
the fire put under the farmer by the
American industrial enterprise through
the help of the scientist, the technologist,
and the inventor. The advances ranged
from the steel plow in 1830 to the mod-
ern mechanical giants of today. Starting
the second third of the i9th century an
overpowering of inventions from Ameri-
ca transferred the face of this country.
In quick order came the steel plow, the
reaper, the grain drill, the thresher, the
tractor, and the combine. Some signifi-
cant discoveries during this time were the
discovery of Bordiaux mixture to control
plant disease by Millardet in 1882 and
the rediscovery of Mendles laws of
heredity in 19o9. From these above the
modern plant and animal breeding pro-
gram and the use of insecticides and
fungicides arose. These were only a few
of the important discoveries of this time.
During the last 50 years farming has
become very technical. The farmer has
the assistance of the Soil Scientist, Bac-
teriologist, Entomologist, Plant Physiolo-
gist, Parasitologist, Plant Pathologist,
Economist, Agronomist, and the Geneti-
cist. All the specialists and many others
have combined their efforts to increase
the productivity and utilization of the
land for the farmer now and in the
future. Today's farmer needs a knowl-
edge and understanding of all these
fields to be successful in his tremendous
In a few years the U.S. industry has
lifted the farm to a high level of pros-
perity and a respectable position in our
modern society. This increase in farm
productivity brought with it a corre-
sponding rise in the farmers living
standards. He no longer trails in the
In 1920 less than 7% of the farm
homes were electrified, today more than
84% are. There are some 5 million
farmers in the U.S. and there are almost
that many passenger automobiles owned
by farmers. The average farmer of
today leads a much better life than in
the past. He enjoys the conveniences of
the city while he has the quietness,
cleanness, and the beauty of the coun-
try. It has been said that, "God made
the country and man made the city."
Looking to the future, today's farmer
has a greater opportunity than ever. In
the past o2 years the world's food produc-
tion has edged up a scant 5% while its
population has jumped 25%. There are
two very important facts facing us, first,
the acreage of the world on which these
crops grow is surprisingly small; second,
the prospect of adding to it substantially
are remote. Only two per cent of the
land, consequently to supply a growing
world the farmer must continue to im-
prove the present means of production.
There is a possibility that some of the
new scientific developments may backfire
on him. New races of insects and dis-
eases may be developed by breeding for
resistance to our present problems.
These could prove to be more trouble
than the ones known at this time. In
our new atomic age there is also a possi-
bility that radiation may cause dangerous
mutations in our present crops and
Although many problems may arise,
with shoulders to the wheel and mutual
cooperation the men of agriculture may
look to a future of high productivity
High Priced Female
SFR Domineta Mischief, a Polled
Hereford heifer, was bought by
Cecil Webb for $14,100 from A. D.
Davis of the Santa Fe River Ranch
at Alachua, Florida. This sale es-
tablished a new record of the high-
est price ever paid for a Polled
Hereford female in the world.
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
LOPEZ FEED CO.
FEEDRIGHT QUALITY FEEDS
PRATTS POULTRY & LIVE STOCK
MANUEL LOPEZ, Manager LEON LOPEZ, Selasman
P. O. Box 5586
2703 E. Broadway Tampa, Florida
YOUR BEST INSURANCE FOR
PROFITABLE CROP PRODUCTION
THE KILGORE SEED CO.
General Offices Plant City, Fla.
14 FLORIDA STORES
* Belle Glade
* Fort Myers
* West Palm Beach
quality and profits
Extra quality in your fertilizer
means extra quality and quantity in
your crops. IDEAL Fertilizers are
quality fertilizers containing high-
grade organic to assure a continu-
ous plant food supply. Organics are
now more plentiful and less expen-
sive which means greater crop insur-
ance for you at less cost.
FASCO Pesticides, too, offer you
the extra values of the most effective
control materials, manufactured in a
modern factory under scientific
So feed your crops with IDEAL
Fertilizers, kill their enemies with
FASCO Pesticides-your profit com-
WILSON & TOOMER
Peninsular Fertilizer Works-Tampa
Cartledge Fertilizer Co.-Cottondale
Port Everglades Plant-Port Everglades
General Offices Jacksonville, Florida
1"- t Big Yields
S eLThere's greater legume yield assur-
tt eIO~c ance in the new NITRAGIN. Helps
." you get more complete inoculation
Ite arnato' for surer yields, bigger benefits to
noI vIO soil and following crops. Soybean
n package is bigger but priced the
same; may be used wet or dry.
MORE and BETTER INOCULATION
for SOYBEANS CLOVERS ALFALFA ALL LEGUMES
... made with the most effective humus carrier
base yet developed. It's a better home for
the NITRAGIN nitrogen-fixing bacteria
so you get extra billions for your .
money. The new NITRAGIN covers
and sticks to the seed better; puts
more NITRAGIN nitrogen-fixing
bacteria to work on each legume seed
for surer inoculation, surer crop re-
sults, still bigger legume yields, richer
feed and seed, more nitrogen fixed.
Still only takes a couple of min-
utes and about a dime's worth of
NITRAGIN per acre. Get the
new NITRAGIN in the famous
orange can from your seed dealer.
It's NITRAGIN for nitrogen!
3269 W. Custer Ave., Milwaukee 9, Wis.
Rosemere Farms, Inc.
For Sale At All Times
Our 64th Year
Hardware Building Supplies
* Hardware Building Supplies
* Electric Supplies
* Outboard Motors
111 South Main Street
Phones 4351 and 4352
Wholesale and Retail
Complete Line of Garden
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Vegetable and Field Seeds
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
Block & Bridle's
By Rex Gilbreath
T HE BLOCK and Bridle Club, of the
,L University of Florida's Animal Hus-
bandry Department, presented its six-
a teenth Annual Little International Live-
stock Show on Friday, December io, at
Sthe University livestock pavilion. The
Little International is one of the major
all-student presentations in the College
The purpose of the show is to enable
the student to obtain practical experience
with livestock and to become familiar
with the facilities provided by the Animal
Husbandry Department. Each student is
assigned an animal to train and show
and is judged strictly on his fitting
and showmanship. Showing in this con-
S i F d A t test is also a requirement for membership
in the Block and Bridle Club.
Forty-five contestants vied for top
... ,- honors, the first place winners being
Reading from left to right: Tom Braddock, Reserve Grand Champion Cattle awarded a one-year subscription to the
Showman; Rex Gilbreath, Ring Manager; Don Wakeman,-Referee 7udge; im Florida Cattleman magazine and a stock-
Herring, Cattle 7udge; and Tommy Chaires, Grand Champion Cattle Showman man's cane. The names of the grand
at the Block and Bridle Little International Livestock Show. (Continued on page 21)
STo Serve Better... Another University-Trained Man
Added to Gulf Field Staff
For 50 years, The Gulf Fertilizer Company has devoted its energies to
providing growers and farmers with dependable friendly service and products
that bring best income. Gulf field representatives serve limited areas so
4 they can devote careful attention to the soil and crop needs of their par-
ticular territories. Now, Louis C. Forget has been added to the veteran
Gulf field staff.
Mr. Forget is a native of Florida and a graduate of the University of
Florida, where he majored in Horticulture and also studied Soils. His
education and experience as a grove owner and veteran's teacher make him
well qualified to provide grower service.
LQOUI C. FORGET
Native of Ft. Pierce. University
of Florida graduate, 1949, with
a BSA Degree in Agriculture. A
grove owner and member of the
Serving Florida Agriculture for over 50 years
THE GULF FERTILIZER COMPANY
JANUARY, 1955 PAGE SEVENTEEN
SINCE THE infancy of mass production,
industry, large and small, has been
moving toward greater efficiency, better
quality and higher yields. Farming; as
the successful farmer knows, is certainly
a specialized industry and as such, has
been seeking these same goals. Mech-
anization, proper crop handling, and soil
and water conservation are their counter-
part of mass production. How is irriga-
tion, one of our tools of mass agricul-
tural production, being used in Florida?
Interest in irrigation, especially in re-
gard to general farming, is at an all time
high, with expectations of a continued
increase in the years to come. At the
present time, it is estimated that there
are 8,1oo farms with a total of 476,000
acres under irrigation; these figures repre-
sent but 3% of Florida's farm land. As
a means of assisting farmers in securing
financial backing for the purchase and
installation of irrigation equipment in-
cluding the source of water, the Soil
and Water Conservation loan law has
been extended to include the Southeast-
ern states. Under this law the Govern-
ment insures individual loans uo to
$25,000 for this purpose.
Florida has a very diversified system
of irrigation, with sprinkler irrigation
being predominant. One system that is
used in the Lake Okeechobee area not
only provides irrigation, but during the
rainy season functions as a drainage sys-
tem as well. This is accomplished
through a pattern of cross ditching that
is interconnected by "moleing." These
"mole" openings are constructed in the
muck soil by pulling a bullet shaped
cylinder through the soil at a depth of
By Art Wood
15 to 18 inches. The muck soil compacts
sufficiently so that the opening formed
by the mole does not fill in. In times of
excess water, the water is pumped off the
fields into canals, thereby offering com-
plete water control.
At the present time approximately
45% of the acreage under irrigation is
supplied from underground water
sources. Surface water taken from nat-
ural lakes, rivers, streams and farm ponds
supplies the remainder.
supplied through deep and shallow wells
and artesian wells. The principal crops
being irrigated are vegetable, bright leaf
tobacco, shade tobacco, pasture and cit-
rus. There are indications that some
vegetable crop yields can be increased
from 200% to oo00% by the proper appli-
cation of irrigation. Within the past
five years, many bright leaf tobacco grow-
ers have installed sprinkler irrigation
systems. As a result, there have been
notable increases in both the yield and
present time between 5% and o1% of
this crop is under irrigation and every
indication points toward further growth.
Practically all of the shade grown tobacco
is irrigated by sprinkler systems. Irriga-
tion of pasture lands is partially limited
to dairy pasture. This is due in part
to the low price of beef on the present
market and in part to the longer grazing
season and intensification of dairy farm-
ing. Approximately 40% to 50% of the
citrus acreage is now under irrigation.
Interest in irrigation is now at the
highest level in the history of the state.
With continued favorable results there
can be but one answer, and that is an
increased trend toward irrigation.
Irrigation in Florida
Florida Growers have been buying
TRUEMAN'S BETTER QUALITY
fertilizers for nearly a half century. If better fer-
tilizers could be obtained Trueman customers
would not continue to use these good, old brands.
TRUEMAN FERTILIZER CO.
Forestry Field Day
(Continued from page 9)
to salad, cole slaw, tea and hot biscuits.
The Field Day was thoroughly enjoyed
by all attending, and was a wonderful
day of forestry fellowship. The entire
School of Forestry is looking forward to
the Field Day of 1955.
FLORIDA DAIRYMEN participating in dairy
herd improvement associations realized
an income of $82 more per cow in 1953
than the group in DHIA realized in
1948, according to C. W. Reaves, Agri-
cultural Extension Service dairyman at
the University of Florida.
Reaves, who heads the DHIA in Flor-
ida, points out that 7,143 cows on test
in 1953 produced an average of 6,415
pounds of milk, only 25 pounds less than
was produced by 1,815 cows in 1948.
And the 1953 herds were more largely
commercial grade herds. In fact, approxi-
mately 50 percent of the cows on test
in 1948 were purebred, while only about
30 percent of the cows in 1953 were
New herds in the program usually
produce less than herds which have car-
ried on DHIA testing for a period of
years, observes Reaves. Every herd in
one new association increased production
in the second year over its first year of
DHIA testing. The State DHIA aver-
age milk production was 47 percent
above that of all cows kept for milk in
Improved income was made possible
in part by a reduction in total feed
cost since 1948 from $227 to the present
cost of $210 per cow per year. Better
pastures, culling, breeding programs and
efficient management are mainly respon-
sible for the improved income received
by dairymen this past season, he said.
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
Two Florida youngsters were among the 4-H boys and girls pictured above who won national awards in Meat Animal and Food
Preparation competition. 17-year-old Woody Tilton of Palatka, second from left in left hand panel, was among the group
which received $300 scholarships from Thomas E. Wilson of Wilson meat packing company. The third girl from the left in the
right hand panel is Sara Chestang, also 17, of Bristol, who won a $300 scholarship from the Kelvinator Division of American
right hand panel is Sara Chestang, also 17, of Bristol, who won a $300 scholarship from the Kelvinator Division of American
Motors Corporation. Another national winner from Florida was Mrs. C. L. Kirkpatrick of Miami who received a plaque and
gold key from Mathieson Chemical Corporation for her work as a 4-H Alumna.
Many Experiences Had by
4-H'ers in Chicago
During International Livestock Show
by WESLEY STAPLES*
THE TIME of my life, in reality, began
about seven years ago when I became a
member of our local 4-H Club. I was a
typical city boy whose father had just
bought a small, undeveloped farm. I
wanted to help my father as much as
possible, and so I began to work on our
small place with zeal and interest...
A climax of the "time of my life" was
my trip to the 4-H Club Congress, No-
vember 26-December 2. I attended Con-
gress through our 4-H Health Improve-
ment Program. I would like very much
to relate briefly to you my week's ex-
periences in the world's fourth largest city.
We traveled to Chicago by train on a
special 4-H Pullman car. We left as a
group from Jacksonville after a splendid
Thanksgiving supper sponsored by Winn
and Lovett Grocery Company.
As the train rumbled out of Jackson-
ville, few of us knew exactly what was
ahead of us...
We arrived in Chicago the next morn-
ing at about 7:00 o'clock. We took cabs
to our hotel and were shown our rooms.
Our hotel itself was very impressive.
The Conrad Hilton with 3000 rooms is
the largest hotel in the world. It em-
ploys over 2000 persons and runs 25
elevators. It has 25 stories and a tower.
The first time the Thirty-Third An-
nual 4-H Club Congress met as a group
was Sunday morning for Church services
in the hotel. As the group sang "The
Star Spangled Banner," each one of us
felt a tingle down his spine and knew it
was good to be an American...
* Young Staples, a Palatka boy, was one of 20 Flor-
ida 4-H'ers-10 boys and 10 girls-who, with their
leaders, recently returned from the National 4-H
We of the Florida Delegation ate din-
ner together after the Church service.
Sunday night I attended a buffet supper
for health winners. Here I met kids
from all over the United States. Sunday
night we all met for Church at the Sun-
day Evening Club at Orchestra Hall.
Here I was impressed by the tremendous
pipe organ and choir.
Monday morning we ate breakfast in
the Hilton as guests of Firestone Tire
and Rubber Co. Later on that morning,
we saw a showing of "Cinerama" as guests
of the International Harvester Co. We
were also their guests at the luncheon
Monday noon. That afternoon we di-
vided the whole group into two battal-
ions and went different ways. My group
went on a sightseeing tour of Chicago,
and I certainly think it was a highlight of
the week. It was our first real chance to
see the city. We visited many interesting
places in and around Chicago. Monday
night we attended the 37th Annual
Thomas E. Wilson Dinner. Here meat
animal winners were honored, and we
saw a boy from our own state of Florida
-Woody Tilton-receive a $300 award.
In the preceding paragraph I have
given you a brief sketch of our first day
at Congress. I can assure you the rest
of the week was as full as our first day.
In order to conserve space, I will bring
out only what I believe to be the high-
lights of the remainder of the week...
Wednesday morning I attended a
breakfast for health winners, after which
we selected a title for the 4-H film of the
year at a general assembly. After a
luncheon sponsored by Ford Motor Com-
pany, we went out to the International
Live Stock Exposition which was cer-
tainly another highlight of the week. We
saw the cream of the crop of American
cattle. Here we also saw the horse show.
That afternoon we had a box supper as
guests of Curtiss Candy Company...
Well, Friday morning found the Florida
Delegation about to return home. After
bidding all good-by and boarding our
train, most of us stretched out and had
a long, long nap.
Florida boys and adult leaders attending the 4-H Congress at Chicago are shown in
this photograph, left to right: First row, Pete Gindl, William Schack, 7ack Pleterski,
Thompson Rowan, Yimmy Moore, Buddy Frazee; Second row, Wesley Staples, John
Pleterski, Joe Benedict, Woodrow Tilton, Assistant Manatee County Agent Earl
Kelly; Back row, Assistant State Boys' 4-H Club Agent Grant M. Godwin, U. of F.
Ag College Dean C. V. Noble, Assistant Putnam County Agent Tommy Clay.
L- I II ..;sgrrrrr
(Continued from page 7)
to 1950. He was editor of the 1945-49
yearbooks. The Society's 1950 yearbook,
published not long after the death of
Roy Wilmot on May 7, 1950, was dedi-
cated to him with these words by Arthur
W. Soloman, the acting President at the
time: "The warmth of his nature, the
depth of his knowledge, he so graciously
shared, and the charm of his personality
endeared him to all."
Shortly after the death of Mr. Wilmot,
Charlton Milton and Joe Cox, members
of the Men's Garden Club of Gainesville,
conceived the idea of establishing a
memorial to this outstanding member of
their organization. The proposal was
presented in the October 1950 meeting
and was accepted as a club project. Re-
quests were sent through the American
Camellia Quarterly for donations of
plants and money.
"The response was excellent," said
Charlton Milton, "and we received both
plants and money from all over the
country as his friends joined to perpet-
uate the memory of Roy Wilmot."
Various sites for the garden were sug-
gested, but finally a wooded area on the
University Horticultural Grounds near
the Archer road was unanimously
approved. Planting, layout, and main-
tenance of the gardens were placed in the
capable hands of Professor John V. Wat-
kins. Student volunteers from Dr. Stout's
Vegetable Gardening classes helped with
the clearing of the site on Saturday morn-
ings. Camellias from the Agricultural
Experiment Station and donated plants
were moved to the memorial site.
On January 17, 1954 the Gardens were
formally dedicated in ceremonies directed
by Provost J. W. Reitz and Dr. B. D.
Thompson, president of the Men's Gar-
den Club of Gainesville. A. Griffiths,
assistant horticulturalist, doing camellia
research with the agricultural Experiment
Station, says that the planting is pro-
ducing unusually good blossoms. The
Gardens are open to the public during
the camellia blooming season each year.
Additions, currently in progress and
planned for the future, assures greater
promise that the Wilmot Memorial Gar-
dens will become a site of beauty and
value to all camellia-minded Floridians.
FLORIDA NOW ranks fifth in the nation
in forest lands.
MIANY FARMERS in the South with timber
suitable for lumber have overlooked the
opportunity to construct good farm
You can see the free-
flowing, easy drilling
quality of V-C Fertilizer as
soon as you open the
bag. V-C Fertilizer flows
through your distributor
smoothly and evenly.
Run your hands down into the smooth,
mellow mixture and let it pour through
your fingers. V-C Fertilizer is mealy, loose
and dry...and it stays that way in all kinds
of weather. V-C Fertilizer stays in good con-
dition, when stored in a dry building.
When you distribute V-C Fertilizer, every
plant in your field gets its full share of V-C's
better plant foods. Your crop comes up to
a good stand...makes healthy growth...
develops a strong root system...has vigor to
resist disease and adverse weather...and
produces abundant yields.
Virginia-Carolina Chemical Corporation
In Florida: ORLANDO JACKSONVILLE NICHOLS
Scene at the Wilmot Memorial Gardens.
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
(Continued from page 17)
champion and reserve champion were
inscribed on a permanent plaque kept
by the department. The winners of
these latter two honors were Tom Chairs
of Bradenton and T. H. Braddock of
Jacksonville, respectively. Chairs showed
a Brahman bull, and Braddock showed
an Angus heifer. Contestants also made
halters that were judged. The best halter
belonged to Alto Straugh of Paxton; he
received a Morrison's "Feeds and Feed-
ing" book from Dr. R. B. Becker of the
Cattle judges were Jim Herring, recent
University of Florida graduate, and now
herdsman for Dixie D Ranch at Odessa;
and Don Wakeman, University of Florida
herdsman. They placed the' various
classes as follows:
Angus Heifers I:
First -Herbert Lloyd, Belle Glade
Second-Alice Speith, Fort Meade
Third -Alto Straughn, Paxton
First -Joe Sisson, Potsdam, New York
Second-Larry Fagan, DeLand
Third -Harriet Henery, Miami
First -Tom Chairs, Bradenton
Second-Anthony Carlton, Bradenton
Third -Carl Darnall, Jacksonville
First -Harry Witt, Jacksonville
Third -Chas. McCormaick, Lake Wales
Angus Heifers II:
First -T. H. Braddock, Jacksonville
Second-Lynne Hawkins, Tangerine
Third -Dean Griffin, Wauchula.
The swine showmen were judged by
Henry Gatrell, Duroc breeder from Fair-
field, Ken Durrance, assistant county
agent in Polk County. Earl Collins, the
University of Florida swine herdsman,
acted as referee judge. Top swine show-
man was Don Bowery of Gainesville; sec-
ond place winner was Harold Nelson
from Kissimmee; and third place winner,
Bob Rainey of Jacksonville.
Jim Pace, extension animal husband-
man, and Cecil Tucker, the assistant
county agent of Marion County, were
the sheep judges. Phil Loggins, of the
Animal Husbandry staff served as referee
judge. Top sheep showman was Bob
Davis of Palm Harbor. George Chatfield
of Miami took second place, followed by
Jack Norris of Lake Jem in third place.
ALACHUA COUNTY farmers are showing in-
creased interest in irrigating tobacco, and
several additional growers have installed
systems this year, according to County
Agent Lonnis Blitch. Highest produc-
tion records and best quality in the
county last year were on irrigated farms.
Shown from left to right, kneeling: Bob Davis, ist in sheep showmanship; George
Chatfield, 2nd, and Jack Norris, 3rd. Standing are Phil E. Loggins, Referee Judge;
Cecil Tucker, and Jim Pace, Sheep judges. Other sheep and cattle contestants are in
..1.- -. 1
-y .- -
Chmp... S win -. e o s .
... .. .
Champion Swine Showman Don Bowery of Gainesville.
SEED TREATMENTS have been used for many
years to combat certain diseases of plants
that are caused by parasitic seed-borne
organisms. The treatments commonly
used are hot water, formaldehyde, bich-
loride of mercury and some of the or-
ganic mercury compounds. In recent
years seed-borne diseases have been great-
ly reduced by growing seed in semi-arid
areas or employing cultural practices
that permit the production of seed that
are comparatively free of disease-produc-
DISCOVERY OF vitamin D in 1925 resulted
i na notable advance in poultry nutri-
tion. By including D in poultry diets,
i was found that birls could be raised
in confinement and over extended per-
THE LYCHEE, a sub-tropical fruit tree be-
lieved to be native to southern China,
where it has been cultivated for thou-
sands of years, is reported as having
borne fruit at Sanford, Florida, as early
The Jackson Grain Company was
organized in 1909 in Tampa by the
late Frank D. Jackson as a wholesale
distributing organization to serve the
growing agricultural needs of the state.
Products sold by the company at that
time consisted almost entirely of corn,
such as bran and shorts, cottonseed
oats, wheat, flour and mill by-products
meal, cottonseed hulls and hay. The
company prospered from the start and
within a few years moved to its present
location and built the first grain elevator
in the state of Florida.
In the early 1920's the poultry and
dairy industries began to assume some
importance in the state's economy and
the Jackson Grain Company adapted
itself to changing conditions and be-
came one of the largest distributors of
mixed dairy and poultry feeds in the
state. It sold the first mixed scratch
grains and the first 'sweet-feed" ever
offered in Florida and it was the first
feed distributor to bring in to the state
a solid freight train of manufactured
In the early 1930's the Company
began manufacturing some feeds of
its own and by 1940 it was manufac-
turing and distributing a complete line
of poultry and dry feeds under its
MANUFACTURERS AND DISTRIBUTE
now well known X-Cel brand. Grow-
ing rapidly with Florida the next 10
years the company found it necessary
by 1950 to build a modern "push but-
ton" feed mill to meet the ever-increas-
ing demand for its products.
During the same period the com-
pany organized a retail subsidiary known
as X-Cel Stores, Inc. and opened
branches in Tampa, Plant City, Winter
Haven and Orlando. The company also
began distributing fertilizer, seeds and
In 1952 the company extended its
activities to manufacturing agricultural
insecticides and fungicides in its own
plant so that it could better serve
growing Florida agricultural interests.
Today the Jackson Grain Company
has a well rounded organization staffed
with men competent to serve in the
various fields in which it operates. It
has its own chemical laboratory and a
poultry research farm where its prod-
ucts are checked scientifically.
After 45 years of service to the state,
changing its operation to meet chang-
ing conditions, the Jackson Grain Com-
pany is today a Florida-owned and
operated organization looking forward
each day for better ways to serve the
agricultural community of Florida.
46 YEARS OF GROWTH WITH FLORIDA
Termite Control Household pest control
Control of Pests of Ornamentals and Lawns
"All Types of Pest Control Work"
FLORIDA PEST CONTROL AND
Free Inspections and estimates by
Satisfaction Guaranteed on all services
2220 N.W. 6th STREET
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
INDEX TO ADVERTISERS
Baird Hardware Co.................. 16
Deere and Company .............. .. 2
Florida Favorite Fertilizer. .......... 12
Florida State Theater. ............ 16
Florida Pest Control ................22
Gulf Fertilizer Co. ............. ... 17
International Harvester Co. .........23
Jackson Grain .................... 22
J. I. Case Co ..................... 5
Johnson Brothers .................. 16
Kilgore Seed Co. .................. 15
Lopez Feed Co ................... 15
Lyons Fertilizer .................. 3
N itragin Co. ................. .. 16
Norris Cattle Co ................. 3
Respess-Grimes Engraving ........... 22
Rosemere Farms ................... 16
Security Feed M ills ................. 13
Suni-Citrus ....... ... .......... 24
Trueman Fertilizer Co. ............. 18
V-C Fertilizer Co. ................. .20
Wilson and Toomer Fertilizer Co.....15
W. R. Aymes Co. .................12
A report to you about the TEAMWORK of men and machines
that helps maintain International Harvester leadership
How automatic arc welding
puts uniformly high quality
into IH plowshares
In this age of modern science and research, it is
significant that the plowshare-one of the oldest
parts in farm equipment manufacture-is still
At International Harvester, research engineers
and factory production men have teamed together
to apply successfully the techniques of modern
automatic arc welding to mass production assembly
of plowshares. The result is a consistently uniform,
high-quality product that always fits right, holds
its shape, wears well, and enables the farmer to
do a first-rate job of plowing.
Before welding (left), the plowshare blade (A) and
gunnel (B) look like this. After being automatically
arc welded (right), the two parts are joined like this
(C), with a strong, consistently uniform weld. Shares
are forged and heat treated after welding to give them
proper shape and wearing qualities.
The common goal of IH research, design, metallurgy,
field test engineering, and manufacturing is to improve
the quality and performance of IH products, while
keeping costs to a minimum. The result is product
leadership that helps farmers everywhere reduce pro-
duction costs and increase profits.
For more details, write for free engineering
paper, "Automatic Arc Welding of IH Farm
Equipment Parts." There is no obligation.
M Send postcard with your name and address to
International Harvester Company, P. O. Box
7333, Chicago 80, Illinois.
International Harvester products pay'for themselves in use-McCormick Farm
Equipment and Farmall Tractors ... Motor Trucks... Crawler Tractors and
Power Units... Refrigerators and Freezers-General Office, Chicago 1, III.
After successful, coordinated development work be-
tween researchers and production men in the tech-
nique of application, the automatic submerged arc
welding process is now a standard factory operation at
IH's Canton, Illinois, Works in the mass production
assembly of plowshares. This turret-type welding fix-
ture has 10 "stations" where 10 plowshares at a time
are automatically in process of being loaded into the
fixture, welded, cleaned and unloaded. Arrow points
to plowshare in position in one of the "stations." In
this process, a carefully engineered combination of
granular flux and welding wire is used to produce,
rapidly, a uniformly strong weld--automatically.
Both IH customers and dealers benefit from the use of
automatically arc welded plowshares. Consistently
uniform quality in manufacture helps assure depend-
able performance in the field. This is one reason why
McCormick plows are first in favor with particular
Cows go for its unique taste. Efficient
dairymen go for its 1512 pounds of milk-
stimulating, digestible nutrients. The
cost per T.D.N. and per ton is low.