Title: Florida college farmer
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075980/00042
 Material Information
Title: Florida college farmer
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30cm.
Language: English
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Apr. 1930)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1960?
Numbering Peculiarities: Suspended with v. 3, no. 5 (May 1932) and resumed with Dec. 1935 issue. Suspended with v. 9, no. 4 (may 1941) and resumed with New series v. 1 (summer 1948).
General Note: Published by Agricultural students at the University of Fla.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075980
Volume ID: VID00042
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01569450
lccn - 55047167

Full Text


77e r_-a0


* 1954

7.___ C

---~i 7

Z- --

Archimedes Had a Word for It

REMEMBER Archimedes?

He was a brilliant scientist and mathematician back in the
third century B.C. But for all his contributions to the
study of physics and mechanics and for all his inventions
and discoveries, Archimedes probably is best remembered
for a trip he made-one that ranks in fame with those of
Lady Godiva, John Gilpin, and Paul Revere.

That was the day Archimedes, while bathing, was fish-
ing for the soap and came up with his famous theory of
liquid displacement, which, in so many words, holds that a
body immersed in a liquid gives up, or yields, as much of its
own weight as the weight of the displaced liquid. It's said
that he became so excited at his discovery that he forsook
the tub and, sans so much as a terrycloth towel, raced
through the streets, shouting "Eureka! Eureka!"

Now, even in our own radio-active age, Archimedes
would be considered quite a "brain," and as such, probably
would be the first to point out that his displacement theory

applies to each of us in everyday life-that we get out of life
just what we put into it, no more and no less. He would
probably point out the holes in the tempting "the-world-
owes-me-a-living" theory, and remind us that we are each
charged with certain obligations to God, country and neigh-
bor, and our success depends upon the weight we place on
them or how well we fulfill those obligations. He would say
that such obligations are all part of the real cost of living,
and we only get what we pay for.

He might add, too, that when we've accepted his theory
and put it in practice, then with him we can shout to the
world, "Eureka! Eureka!"

Which is to say, translated from the Greek: "By gum,
I've got it!"

Quality Farm Equipment Since 1837





Lygus oblineatus iSay I
A destroyer of seed crops, these insects suck
the sap of plants, retarding plant growth. The
bug's eggs, laid in the tissues of plants, hatch
into small, green, wxingless insects. They de-
velop rapidly and take on the mottled brown,
black and red appearance of the winged adult.
Adults are about !4 inch in length.

Lo.xostege similalis (Guen.)
and Lo.rostege commnixtalis i \1kr.')
Caterpillars of these moths web together the
tops of plants, leaving only skeletons of leaves
and stems. Masses of 40 to 50 overlapping
eggs are deposited on the underside of leaves.
The eggs hatch within four or five days into
caterpillars which feed on the leaf. The insects
overwinter as caterpillars, or pupae.



For full-color booklets showing
these and other insects write to Hercules

Bruchophagus gibbus (Boh.)
This small, black, wasplike insect may
infest as much as 85 per cent of an en-
tire alfalfa crop, often causing losses of
50 pounds or more of seed per acre. The
female lays a single egg in newly form-
ing seed. The larva which hatches eats
the seed contents within a few days,
then pupates within the seed pod. Six
generations may appear per season.

HERCULES POWDERJ COMPANY Naval Stores Dept., 911 King Street, Wilmington 99, Delaware


SUMMER, 1954


The Florida College Farmer

Volume 6, Number 4

Summer, 1954

George M -Edwards.................... .. ...... Editor

Ralph Voss............................ Managing Editor
Anne Cawthon

Jackson Brownlee,
Lawrence Shackleford
George Milicevie

Julian Webb .................................. Poultry
Joe Friedheim...................... Animal Husbandry
Morgan Laffitte. ..................... Ag. Engineering
Bob Gayvert ..................... ...... Ag. Economics
Ed Saunders. ................. .. ... ... Agronomy
Darwin Bennett. ...................... .. ..Ag. Education
Wallace Laird. ................................... Forestry
Paul Zopf .............. ................. Horticulure

Art Duchane. ........................... Business Manager
Herman Jones ................... .. Asst. Business Manager

Tommy Rowand...................... Circulation Manager
Marianne Sommers,
Peggy Hoyt, ................ Circulation Assistants
Richard McRae

J. Clyde Driggers .............................. Chairman

Entered as second class mailing matter at the Post Office at University
Station, Gainesville, Florida, December 8, 1938, under an Act of Congress
of 1879. Fifteen cents per copy, fifty cents per year, $1.25 for three years,
$2.00 for five years. Published four times during the year: November,
January, March, and May. Address all correspondence to Florida College
Farmer, Florida Union Building, Gainesville, Florida.

Content ..
FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER Editor, Business Manager Tapped
by Florida Blue Key. ............................... 6
Graduating Seniors ................................... 6
"I DARE YOU".................................... 7
Pace Advises Summer Planning.......................... 8
Ag. Economics Club Climaxes Year's Activities ........... 8
New Design for Citrus Packing Plant ................... 8
F.F.A Flashes ........................................ 9
Block and Bridle Field Trip. .................. ........ 9
Introducing Student Government Winners .............. o
New Farm Machinery Has Many Uses .................. o
300 Attend Herdsman Shortcourse ................... .11
Ag. Extension Summer School.......................... 12
Advertisers' Index ................................... 16

This is the model of a new citrus packing house that was designed
by students in the College of Architecture in cooperation with the
College of Agriculture.

rom the Cditor's De

Summertime is here again and as this school year
comes to a close the students in the College of Agri-
culture have many different plans for the summer
days that lie ahead. Some will come back to summer
school for the purpose of early graduation and some
will go home to work on the farm. Many of the agri-
cultural students will be employed by ranches, pack-
ing houses, feed and seed stores, forestry enterprises
and many other kinds of jobs, to gain practical ex-
perience in their various fields and gain college
credits toward graduation. And still other students
will just take it easy and relax during the summer.
Whatever they may be doing it will be a change and
the FARMER extends its wishes for the greatest amount
of education, recreation and relaxation that can be
achieved during these summer months.
With the coming of summer not only students
here at the University but rural youth throughout
the state will be experiencing different kinds of edu-
cational and recreation activities. Two of America's
finest rural organizations will hold their State Con-
ventions. That is the 4-H Club Short Course to be
held here at the University during the week of June
14 and the F.F.A. State Convention to be held in
Daytona during the week of June i4th. At these
meetings boys from all parts of the state will come
and attend various discussion groups and assemblies
and from these they will gain valuable experience for
the betterment of agriculture. With the closing of
these meetings will be the election of the new state

This year, we are very proud to have two boys
on our staff make the University of Florida's highest
honor, the "Florida Blue Key". They are Lehman
B. Fletcher, our Editor, and Courtney Stephens, our
Business Manager. These boys obtained this honor
by making grand accomplishments in extra-curricu-
lar activities, many of which are in the article about

In this issue we are including the names of the
graduating seniors and the graduate students who are
acquiring their Masters and Doctors degrees. We
feel that it is of interest to our readers to know them.
Please note the picture on the cover. It is a
picture of the design of a citrus packing house that
was designed by students in the College of Archi-
tecture cooperating with the College of Agriculture.
It is designed to save money in the packing of citrus.
Whether it will be used by anyone in the near future
or not we don't know, but it should be looked into
because we feel that it is another step in the advance-
ment of our citrus industry.
G. M. E.



Now! TWO Great New

in Odl( DLS) Harvesters

"Be master of your harvest not its slave."
That slogan made history in 1935, the year the
first ALL-CROP Harvester was introduced as the
"successor to the binder."
Through the years that followed, the low-cost
ALL-CROP helped thousands of farmers and their
families to a better way of life. It enabled them to
harvest their own crops without expensive hired
help, and to keep in their pockets a larger share of
the money they received from the sale of grain
and seed.
The ALL-CROP introduced many successful new
principles and advantages that enabled farmers to
harvest their crops more efficiently ... at lower cost;
to save more grain and clean it better. To its credit
is a long string of "firsts."
It was the first harvester to be equipped with
air-tired wheels for faster and easier operation in the
field; first to be adapted for power take-off; first to
employ the principle of wide-flow feeding and thresh-

9 ft. or 12 ft. Model 100

powered by the dynamic new WD-45

ing with its 5-foot spiraled bar-type cylinder; first to
use patented rubber shelling contacts on cylinder and
concaves; first to introduce the quick cylinder speed-
changer; first to introduce air-blast separation and
cleaning; first to use silent, variable-speed V-belt
Now Allis-Chalmers introduces two new, larger
capacity ALL-CROP Harvesters the pull-type
6-foot Model 66, and the self-propelled 9- and 12-foot
Model 100. Both have all of the superior features
and principles that made the ALL-CROP famous,
and both are priced for home ownership.

LLIUS'CHMLMERS, for More Acres..More Crops..More Profit
ALL.CROP and POWER-CRATER are Allis.Chalmers trademorks.



Florida College Farmer Editor,

Business Manager Tapped by

Florida Blue Key Organization

as its editor and business manager
were tapped Florida Blue Key, the high-
est honor possible to attain at the
University of Florida.
Courtney Stephens and Lehman
Fletcher have been roommates in the
Alpha Gamma Rho Fraternity for the
past three years. It is no wonder these
two have achieved success-over their
door you may find the sign-"Silence,
you are now entering 'the Sanctum of
Knowledge'." These young men have
accomplished a great deal thus far in
their lives and we feel certain that there
is much in store for them in the future.
Courtney (Poindexter) Stephens first
saw the light of this "wicked world" in
Arcadia, Florida, September 16, 1932.
When Courtney was four his parents,
Mr. and Mrs. L. O. Stephens, moved to
Ft. Pierce, Florida, where they have re-
sided since that time. (Courtney moved
too of course.)
During Courtney's "high school days,"
he was president of several high school
organizations as well as a member of the
National Honor Society. Upon gradua-
tion from the St. Lucie County High
School in 1950, Courtney entered the
University, and having an early interest
in dairying, he chose Dairy Husbandry
as his major. Later he joined the Alpha
Gamma Rho fraternity.
During the past four years at the Uni-
versity of Florida, Courtney has been
president of Alpha Zeta, Ag Council,
Dairy Club, and Scabbard and Blade.
Beside being business manager of FLORIDA
COLLEGE FARMER and Honor Court justice,
he has served on the Florida Blue Key
Speakers Bureau. In ROTC, Courtney


is serving as a company commander and
was chosen as a "Distinguished Military
Recently, Courtney was named to Uni-
versity of Florida's "Hall of Fame" and
U. of F. highest honor, Florida Blue Key.
Courtney (P.) Stephens will receive his
reserve army commission in June and will
serve two years active duty. After com-
pleting his military service he plans to
establish his own dairy in Ft. Pierce.
Lehman (B.) Fletcher was born, reared,
and educated in Live Oak, Florida. He
was born to Mr. and Mrs. G. D. Fletcher
twenty-one years ago. Lehman attended
the Suwannee County High School where
he served on the annual staff. He was
president of the student body, Senior
class, and FFA chapter. Upon gradua-
tion from Suwannee County High, he was
elected state vice president of the Florida
Association of FFA.
Lehman entered the University of Flor-
ida in September 1950 and while a fresh-
man became a member of the Alpha
Gamma Rho fraternity and the honorary
scholastic fraternity, Phi Eta Sigma. Dur-
ing the rest of his college career, Lehman
served as Secretary of Legislative Affairs
in student government, editor of FLORIDA
COLLEGE FARMER, and a member of Alpha
Zeta, Arnold Air Society and the Ag Eco-
nomics Club.
Lehman (B.) Fletcher will graduate in
Ag Economics in June of this year and
has been accepted in graduate school at
Harvard University where he will prepare
for college teaching and research in agri-
cultural economics.
We hope these success stories of two
young agriculturalists will prove that
"farmers can be-and will be-leaders."

Ag. College


Class for '54
Agricultural Economics
LEHMAN BLANTON Fletcher, McAlpin; Roy
Granville Fulmer, Jr., Winter Garden;
George Richard Knight, Safety Harbor:
William Reed Lindsey, Route 2, Gaines-
Agricultural Education
Darwin Edward Bennett, Pierson;
James Robert Edwards, Route 2, Jay;
Larry Lewis Loadholtz, Seville; Henry
Matt Mathews, Route 3, Milton; William
Edgar Perry, Kissimmee; James David
Revell, Bristol; Eugene Worth Sprouse,
Jr., St. Petersburg; Thein Tun, Rangoon,
Agricultural Engineering
James M. Bailey, Largo; Eugene Mal-
colm Bass, Bartow; Claude Albert Clop-
ton, Pensacola; Howard Elling Eide, Lake
Placid; Charles Frederick Frahm, St.
Petersburg; Percy Samuel Helveston,
Tice; Don Charles Knowles, Fort Myers;
John Hunter Knowles, Fort Myers.
Sidney Mitchell Banack, Jr., Brooks-
ville; Carlos Federico Solorzano, Caracas,
Venezuela; Charles Behrend Sonneborn,
Washington, D. C.; Ralph William
White, Jr., Bradenton.
Animal Husbandry
Robert Eugene Bell, Bradenton; Bob
Swain Carlin, Miami; Matthew Wayne
Collier, Pompano Beach; Austin Read
Daugharty, Route i, DeLand; William
Wilford Dugger, Jr., Lake Worth; Joseph
Mark Friedheim, Belle Glade; Mercer
Jackson Henry, Orlando; James Marvin
Herring, Belle Glade; Hal C. Hopson,
Leesburg; William Carl Keebler, Jackson-
ville; John Milton Liddon, LeCanto;
Hermon Ellis Long, Oklawaha; Herbert
Van Lundy, Route g, Milton; John Dan-
iel McClure, Miami; William Eugene
Pardo, Houston, Texas; Marianne Som-
mers, St. Petersburg; Fritz Carl Stein, Jr.,
Chosen; Julio Enrique Tomeu, Cama-
guey, Cuba; Thomas William Wright,
West Palm Beach.
Paul Otto Cutchen, Warrington; Ruth
J. Weller, Miami; James Albert Zeigler,
Route 2, Arcadia.
Dairy Husbandry
Roy Franklin Custer, Jr., Miami;
Austin Wayne Hathcock, Lake Worth;
Hans Adolf Sorenson, Route 1, Monti-
cello; Courtney Poindexter Stephens, Ft.
(Continued on page 18)


Each year, the Danforth Foundation and its Founder, Mr. William H. Danforth,
offers two students studying agriculture the most inspirational and educational
experience a young man can find.
The first of these awards is given to a junior. It consists of a month's fellow-
ship, two weeks spent in St. Louis and two weeks at Camp Miniwanca in Michi-
gan, a religious leadership training camp operated by the Danforth Foundation.
The second award is given to a freshman and provides an opportunity for him to
attend the two-week camp.
Why has Mr. Danforth provided these awards? This question can best be
answered in his own words. The following article, written by Mr. Danforth, out-
lines his philosophy of life and issues to each reader the same thrilling challenge
he presents so vigorously to the winners of the Danforth awards.


L. to R. Lehman Fletcher, Winner
of Danforth award, Mr. Danforth,
Billy Gunnor also Danforth winner.

IT is difficult to put a challenge on
paper. I would rather look you
straight in the eye and say, "I dare you!"
In my mind that's exactly what I am
doing. I am on one side of a table. You
are on the other. I am looking across and
saying, "I dare you!"
To you, I am going to unfold a secret
power that but few know how to use-
the secret power of daring and sharing
which carries with it tremendous respon-
sibilities. Once you have it, you can
never be the same again. Once it is
yours, you can never rest until you have
given it to others. And the more you
give away, the greater becomes your
capacity to give. Deep down in the very
fibre of your being you can light an urge
that can never be put out. It will catch
this side of your lift, then that side. It
will widen your horizon. It will light
up unknown reserves and discover new
capacities for loving and growing. It will
become, if you don't look out, a mighty
conflagration that will consume your every
waking hour. And to its blazing glory a
thousand other lives will come for light
and warmth and power.
I warn you to start a crusade in your
life-to dare to be your best. I maintain
that you are a better, more capable per-
son than you have demonstrated so far.
The only reason you are not the person
you should be is that you don't dare to
be. Once you dare, once you stop drift-
ing with the crowd and face life courage-
ously, life takes on a new significance.
New forces take shape within you. New
powers harness themselves for your serv-

My practical experience has convinced
me that inner growth and broadening
personality come from daring and shar-
ing. You dare to use the talents you
have. You find yourself growing stronger
physically, mentally, socially, and spiritu-
ally. You multiply your daring a hun-
dred-fold by sharing its fruits. You give
your life away and, behold!-a richer life
comes back to you. This principle works
through all of life: Our most valuable
possessions are those which can be shared
without lessening; those which, when
shared, multiply. Our least valuable pos-
sessions are those which when divided are
Adventure means living to the full.
True, the mass of people prefer the easy
way. Old ways require no effort. Phys-
ically or mentally lazy people do not
want to adjust themselves. But they have
never tasted the thrill of victory. I re-
member once during the last war a cap-
tain was wounded in No Man's Land
when returning from a raid. Snipers and
machine gunners shot across a defiant
barrage as though daring anyone to come
and get his prostrate body. The company
commander called for two volunteers to
undertake the dangerous mission of res-
cuing the wounded man. The whole
company stepped forward. The major
chose the two men with the most deserv-
ing record and longest service. Out on
their bellies they crawled and brought
in their captain. In crack regiments it
is a privilege to dare and to give. There
are no big thrills in the trenches. But
just poke your head over the parapet and
you'll find excitement enough. Your

days won't be humdrum when you lift
your head above the crowd.
"I Dare You to Adventure" is my mes-
sage to those red-blooded young leaders
that I meet every summer at the Ameri-
can Youth Foundation Camp in Michi-
gan. Every year there come to this Camp
hundreds and hundreds of boys and girls,
young men and women, who aspire to be
leaders. During certain hours, the whole
camp resounds with the keen competition
these young people have in striving to
best another in a game of baseball, in a
diving contest, or in climbing to some
lofty height. Or at another time of the
day they are just as intense, just as inter-
ested in a mental training program-be-
cause these young people are to be future
leaders and their trained directors have
learned the art of making their mental
program just as interesting and absorbing
as their physical program. At night in
the council circle each tribe competes
against each other in entertainment fea-
tures. Each future leader learns the art
of expressing himself, entertaining his
fellow campers; he develops his person-
ality in such a way that it attracts, leads
and influences others. During a devo-
tional program these hundreds of young
people are just as absorbed in expressing
and developing their spiritual selves as
they are on the athletic field or in the
study room or in the council circle. These
young campers have realized that all sides
of life can be equally interesting. Show
me boys and girls anywhere who enjoy
life more than do these. "My own self,
at my best, all the time," is the Camp
(Continued on page 14)

SUMMER, 1954





Pace Advises Summer Planning for Cattlemen

W ITH WINTER behind them, now is the
time for Florida cattlemen to make
plans and preparations for handling their
herds during the coming season of high
temperatures, according to James E. Pace,
animal husbandman with the University
of Florida Agricultural Extension Service.
"Grass and other grazing crops are
more abundant in spring and summer
than during other seasons of the year, but
careful management of pastures is neces-
sary to obtain maximum beef production
from them," Mr. Pace says. Periodical
fertilization, mowing when necessary to
keep grass in a green vegetative stage,
rotation, and avoiding over-stocking and

D o you know what is meant by
The answer is most probably no unless
you happen to be acquainted with the
official name of the newest organization
in the College of Agriculture, the Student
Chapter of the American Farm Economic
Association, more commonly known as
the Ag Economics Club.
Brought into existence in November,
1953, the club now boasts an active mem-
bership of 26 undergraduate and graduate
students. Officers who have guided the
club through its first year include Leh-
man Fletcher, President, Ernest Brown,
Vice President, Bill Burger, Secretary-
Treasurer, Lowell Teal, Reporter, and
Carlis Taylor, Parliamentarian. Dr. Mar-
vin Brooker of the Department of Agri-
cultural Economics has served as the first
faculty advisor.
The young organization has enjoyed
great success in its activities. The mem-
bers were particularly pleased to have Dr.
John D. Black of Harvard University
as the guest of honor at the first annual
banquet held in March of this year.
Other guests present to help the club cele-
brate its inception included Dr. John S.
Allen, Acting University President, Dr. J.
Wayne Reitz, Provost for Agriculture, Dr.
C. V. Noble, Dean of the College of Agri-
culture and Dr. C. H. Donovan, Head
Department of Economics.
As a service to the Department of Agri-
cultural Economics and the students in
the department, the club is sponsoring
the publication of a directory giving the
name and occupation of all the graduates
of the department. It is felt that this di-
rectory will be of great assistance to fu-
ture graduates in terms of job opportuni-
ties. It is hoped that the directory will
be completed by June and can be an an-

over-grazing are some of the things that
cattlemen can do to get maximum pro-
duction from their pastures."
Provision of convenient and adequate
water supplies is especially important in
summer management of cattle. "When
a cow has to walk a mile for a drink,"
Mr. Pace declares, "she's going to lose
weight on the trip. Too, she is not
going to drink as much water as she
needs for maximum feed utilization and
for her comfort. Every cattleman should
endeavor to provide nearby adequate
water supplies for his animals."
The Extension specialist also calls at-
tention to the need for control of insect

nual publication.
Climaxing its activities for the year, the
club invited members of the staff and
their families to be its guests at a picnic
on Saturday afternoon, May 8. The af-
ternoon was filled with athletic compe-
tition between students and staff with the
students proving victorious. After en-
joying a covered dish picnic supper, the
students presented a skit giving their
version of some of the happenings.

pests during the spring and summer.
"Mosquitoes, houseflies, screw-worm flies,
and other troublesome pests usually are
more numerous in hot weather, and they
will prevent cattle from gaining and
actually cause losses in some cases if con-
trol measures are not taken against them,"
he explains. "There are insecticides and
methods that are effective against such
pests, and the wise cattleman will make
full use of them. It is particularly im-
portant to treat all cuts, bruises, and
other wounds to prevent infestation by
Shade is another important detail in
summer management of the herd, Mr.
Pace points out. Cows need shade in
which they can lie down and chew their
cuds, and artificial shade should be pro-
vided on ranges where there are not
enough trees or other natural shade.
Cheap, practical shelters can be con-
structed from wire, palmetto, brush, scrap
lumber, and other such material.
The Extension animal husbandman
also advises cattlemen to provide ade-
quate minerals for their herds, destroy
poisonous plants such as lantana and
crotalaria spectabilis that show up in
their pastures, and plant temporary graz-
ing crops such as millet if needed in ad-
dition to the permanent pasture avail-

New Design for Citrus Packing Plant

MANY OF US that are in the College of
Agriculture are not aware of many
things that other departments in the
school are doing to improve agriculture.
The College of Architecture is one of the
departments that is cooperating with
us to this effect. Recently they have de-
signed a new citrus packing plant which
is pictured on the cover. This model
was designed by six students in the Col-
lege of Architecture under the advisor-
ship of professor E. M. Fearney. The
students are: Willie Daviller, Jimmy Rob-
bins, Bob Webb, Jack Garcia, Parcho
Sarmiento, and Tom Wallis.
The purpose of designing this new cit-
rus packing plant is so that citrus may be
packed more economically. To do this
it is designed so that it will operate more
efficiently and to reduce the large labor
force that is needed in packing citrus
products. With this plant, citrus may be
handled and shipped in bulk. It is
equipped with a special loading device so
that oranges and grapefruit can be loaded
in bulk on large trucks and shipped long
distances instead of having to pack the
citrus into boxes for shipping.
Another feature of this design is the
efficiency that is to be derived from

crating the citrus. It is estimated that
in packing, this plant will save about six
cents per box and that it will pack about
800 boxes per hour.
As a truck comes to be unloaded it is
unloaded, in bulk, and the oranges go by
way of a belt conveyor through a "de-
greening process." This is a process that
is designed to chemically treat the or-
anges to take out the green chlorophyll so
that they will have their natural orange
color. The chemicals that are used will
not harm the acid content or the flavor
of the orange.
These six boys that designed and built
this model had two professors of the Col-
lege of Agriculture cooperating and ad-
vising them on the problems of citrus
packing. They are Professor Erie Thor
of the Department of Agricultural Econo-
mics and Professor L. W. Ziegler of the
department of Horticulture. These boys
with professors Thor and Ziegler traveled
throughout the state looking at some of
Florida's finest packing houses, inspecting
them to get ideas and then designing one
that will operate more efficiently.
Similar designs have been made of live-
stock auction markets by students in the
college of Architecture.


Ag. Economics Club Climaxes

Year's Activities with Picnic

E_ 1-




FUTURE FARMERS throughout the state
are now putting on their annual ban-
quets where they proudly present to their
parents, faculty, and guests their individ-
ual and chapter accomplishments. For
most chapters it is the biggest occasion of
the year and they work weeks before time
in preparation. In practically all ban-
quets, the programs are run completely
by the boys, and in many cases the boys
or some state officer serves as main
speaker. At these banquets the parents
see how much the F.F.A. and it's leader-
ship training is meaning to their boys.
Among the chapters holding their ban-
quets most recent are: White Springs,
Trenton, Bronson, Crescent City, Gaines-
ville, Suwannee at Live Oak, J. F. Wil-
liams Memorial at Live Oak, and Cross

The Firestone Tire and Rubber Co.
recently put out a film on the 1953 na-
tional convention. There is one in our
state now and it is being circulated
throughout all the chapters in the state.
It has received very favorable comment
every where it has been shown.
Eugene Mixon, state president, recently
issued a call for the state convention to be
held in Daytona Beach, June 14-18. The
chapters are now very busy getting ready
for the convention. Sub-district and dis-
trict contests were recently held, and those
not eliminated will go to the state con-
vention for further competition. Some
will continue to national competition.
Among those contests to be held at the
state convention are: public speaking,
parliamentary procedure, string band,
quartet, harmonica, soft ball and tractor

ERADICATION OF the Mediterranean fruit
fly, first found in Florida in 1929, was the
first time any insect pest was eradicated
from any area. The cost amounted to
$4.5 million.
A 1,000-POUND milk cow needs two-thirds
of a pound of digestible protein and
nearly eight pounds of total digestible
nutrients daily to maintain her body. Re-
quirements for milk production must be
added to these amounts.

Block and Bridle
Club Tours State
Beef Industry
THE 1954 edition of the Block and Bri-
dle Club Field Trip, annually one of
the outstanding events of the year for
club members, was held the weekend of
April 22-25.
Among the places visited were outstand-
ing purebred and commercial beef cattle
ranches, drylot and pasture steer opera-
tions, meat packing plants, and citrus pro-
cessing plants of Central Florida. As well
as offering first hand information about
the State's livestock industry, the trip pro-
vided many hours of relaxation for club
The tour proceeded down the West
coast of Florida to Tampa and the St.
Pete area, swung across the middle of the
state to Ona, Lake Wales, Kissimmee, Or-
lando, and back to Gainesville. With the
usual grumbling because of an early 6
a.m. start, the crew of 45 left Gainesville
Thursday on two buses and returned to
Gainesville late Sunday afternoon.
Thursday night was spent in the plush
La Playa Hotel on St. Petersburg beach,
Friday night was spent at the Walesbilt
Hotel in Lake Wales, and Saturday night
in Orlando.


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SUMMER, 1954



The Three New Members of Student

Government Representing Ag. College

Bob Freeman
I WAS born and reared in a citrus grove,"
says Bob Freeman, a junior from Win-
ter Garden, who is majoring in citrus.
Working with citrus production is just
naturally doing what he knows and likes
best. When he gets his degree Bob will
be a citrus production expert. After his
service in the army he'll put his training
to use working with his father.
Lake View High School in Winter
Garden certainly showered Bob with all
the honors. He lettered in football, was
president of his senior class and president
of both the Beta and Hi-Y clubs. He
was also a member of the National Honor
Society and FFA. Here at the Univer-
sity he is president of Alpha Zeta and
Thyrsus, the horticulture club.
Speaking of his work in Ag Council
Bob says that he'd like to see all the dif-
ferent departments and organizations
represented there really working together
to give more participation in activities
like Ag Fair. Did you know that only
about half of the Ag organizations en-
tered exhibits in the past Ag Fair? Bob
feels that the FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER and
all other Ag organizations are suffering
from a lack of student participation. For
every student in the College of Agricul-
ture there is a place in one or more of
these organizations. He says that we
must all take part and work together to
make Ag school bigger and better.

Lawrence Shackleford
LAWRENCE IS a junior majoring in Ag
Economics. He's a born and raised farm
boy, living all his life on a citrus and
vegetable farm in Wachula, Florida.
Even before coming to the University on
a football scholarship, he was very active
in agriculture work. For eight years he
was a member of the 4-H club. He was
elected 4-H state vice president for 1949-
1950 and state president for 1950-51. In
1950 he received his State Farmer's De-
gree. On campus you can see Lawrence
around Ag school or find him at the
Alpha Gamma Rho house. A member
of the University 4-H club, the Ag Eco-
nomics club, Scabbard and Blade and the
Advanced Officers' Club, he's quite a
busy person.
When I asked him about the future

Lawrence just laughed and said the army
would come first. But after that's over,
he wants to go into Agricultural Exten-
sion work. No, he's never had any doubts
about Agriculture being the major for
him and he wants Agricultural Extension
Service because he likes to work with
About his plans and goals for work
in the executive council representing Ag
school-he wants to see some of the stu-
dent activity fee go to help Agricultural
Activities on campus, such as the judging
team. He's looking forward to the com-
pletion of the new Agriculture School
which will give us more and better facil-

Bob Woodward

BoB is a junior in Agronomy. He comes
from Quincy, Florida, where his family
has a shade tobacco and cattle farm.
After the army, Bob says he'll settle down
to farming right there in Quincy. For
him, farming is the most satisfying life.
It may not be the easiest or make you
rich quick but you're your own boss and
you get to work out-of-doors growing
things and raising animals. He also likes
the fine kind of folks you meet and work
with in Ag school and on the farm.
While he was in high school, Bob was
elected state secretary of FFA for 1951-52.
He received his State Farmer's Degree
in 1951 and won the FFA State Soil Con-
servation Contest in 1951-52. He was
president of his local chapter FFA which
was chosen best in the state and awarded
the Gold Emblem by National.
Bob has gone all out in Agriculture
work here on campus, too. He is vice
president of the newly formed national
organization for Agronomy and Soils
majors; the American Society of Agron-
omy. He was chairman of the A.S.A.'s
winning exhibit at the last Ag Fair. I
was very interested in what he told me
about the activities of this new organiza-

tion and I hope we'll have a write-up on
it in a future issue of the FARMER. By
the way, Bob is also secretary of the
Sigma Nu fraternity.
Building more interest in student gov-
ernment around Ag school is one thing
that sincerely interests Bob. He wants
to see everybody turn out and vote at
election time.

New Farm Machines

Have Varied Uses

VERSATILITY OF farm machinery devel-
oped in recent years has been largely
responsible for the rapid strides in farm
mechanization, especially of the family-
operated farm where time, manpower and
overhead are important considerations.
Farmers have been quick to discover
that much of the new equipment provides
numerous other uses than those it was
originally purchased for. Attachments
designed and developed by farm equip-
ment manufacturers for this machinery
have made this possible.
The forage harvester is an example of
multi-use modern farm equipment. With
various attachments, its use is expanded
from strictly harvesting to such important
additional operations as pasture clipping,
weed control, and chopping corn stalks
after picking has been completed. Chop-
ping the stalks makes plowing of the
field easier and, at the same time, speeds
up the return of the stalks to needed,
valuable humus.
Another use the forage harvester is
being put to by an increasing number
of farmers is the chopping, and return to
the land as humus, of surplus straw after
the grain harvest has been completed.
Here again processing and spreading of
the straw with the forage harvester makes
it easier to work the land. If legume
crops are present, damage to them from
heavy straw blankets remaining after the
combine has passed, is virtually elim-
inated when the forage harvester is used
to chop up and spread the remaining sur-
Choking of the plow by heavy straw
blankets is also avoided and preparation
of the land for the coming season is again
The forage harvester therefore is prov-
ing an invaluable asset to farming. Made
possible are relatively inexpensive soil
reconditioning programs which make use
of surplus stalks and straw found on the
farm. Before the advent of the forage
harvester with its attachments, much of
this surplus had to be destroyed by the
farmer to facilitate land preparation for
the next crop season. Now it is con-
verted to valuable soil food.
Also important is the fact that soil
reconditioning programs can now be
carried out with the forage harvester
without further outlays for purchase of
additional special major equipment with
which to do the job.
The current shortage of manpower on
farms is also being eased with the help
of the forage harvester. One man with
his tractor as motive and operating power
for the unit, can carry out the job quickly
and efficiently.



300 Attend Herdsman

Short Course at Gainesville


S OME 300 men and women interested
in learning more about the cattle
business in the state of Florida turned
out for the recent beef short course. As
one man put it, "I will consider it worth
the trip here if I just learn one thing."
On the program were some fifty special-
ists in different fields of beef cattle pro-
duction, who presented valuable and
timely information in the form of
speeches, panels and demonstrations.
Demonstrations played a big part in
the program and were very interesting.
Dr. A. C. Warnick demonstrated a
method of artificial insemination and
pregnancy testing, while the University's
herdsman, Don Wakeman, demonstrated
hoof trimming and clipping heads and
tails. Horace Fulford, herdsman for
Duda and Sons, explained fitting, groom-
ing, and showing, while Cal Burns and
Agel Lewis castrated, dehorned, branded
and tattooed calves.
The practice of keeping good records
was discussed by Jim McGregor, who
stressed keeping a simple set of records,
rather than a complicated record that
might be neglected. Dr. M. Koger also
stressed the importance of keeping
records in a selection program to improve
your cattle, so that a cow that does not
produce can be done away with. Mr.
P. E. Williams, a commercial cattleman,
put great emphasis on loving the cattle
business and being with your cattle
enough to know them individually. As
he put it, "I am not running a free board-
ing house and if a cow doesn't produce,
I send her to the butcher."
Mr. Williams also spoke on feeding his
commercial herd. He explained that he
did not feed his cattle anything but
pasture and that those cows that did good
were the kind that he was looking for.
He, as did Ken Litton of Virginia, em-
phasized the fact that many cattlemen
over-stocked their pastures and have to
feed them during hard times. Dr. J. F.
Hentges also pointed out that one of the
major problems in Florida is that the
cattle do not have enough to eat. He
also stressed the importance of having a
high calving percentage to make money.
He discussed the merits of creep feeding
and in the panel following this, Dr. Kirk
spoke of the use of citrus products, par-
ticularly citrus pulp and molasses, in
creep feeding and fattening rations.
Jim DeMuth, manager of the Circle M
Ranch at Senatobia, Mississippi, gave
some interesting remarks on how he fed

his show cattle.
He stressed the importance of an exper-
ienced man many times by using the
phrase, "The eye of the master fattens the
beast." In the panel following this, Mr.
DeMuth and R. B. Richardson, who also
spoke on feeding show cattle, agreed that
it cost about $1ooo per year to keep a
show animal.
Dr. Koger also spoke on dwarfism in
all breeds of cattle and emphasized the
detrimental effects that one dwarf carrier
bull can have on our herd. He had many
types of live dwarfs on exhibit and de-
scribed the character of each. He had
a 200 pound calf that was six months
old and had consumed one ton of feed
and all the milk it wanted, yet it only
gained six pounds.
Max Hammond, herdsman of W. H.
Stuart's ranch in Bartow, outlined the
method he used in grading and scoring
his purebred cattle. Following this, Gif-
ford Rhodes of the Federal State Market-
ing Service, pointed out that conforma-
tion, finish, quality, and maturity were
the main considerations in determining
slaughter grades. Dr. A. M. Pearson also
pointed the major points to look for in
judging cattle.
The last day of the three day short
course was devoted to veterinary prob-
lems. Dr. W. R. Brawner emphasized
the importance of testing and segregating
all cattle brought on your place. He also
stressed the importance of vaccinating for
Blackleg and Bangs which is merely cheap
The Block and Bridle Club presented
honorary membership to R. E. Heine,
owner of Hills of Home Ranch in Ocala,
and Carl Zillman of Earleton, Florida.
These awards were presented for out-
standing work in the livestock industry
of the state of Florida. The Block and
Bridle Club also served three meals and
helped the Animal Husbandry staff make
the short course possible. Dr. Cunha is
to be commended for the splendid job he
did in planning and supervising the short

Demonstrations played a big part in the,
1954 Herdsmen's Short Course program at
the University of Florida. Top to bot-
tom, pictures show: Cal Burns demonstra-
ting branding procedure; Dr. A. C.
Warnick explaining pregnancy diagnosis;
University Herdsman Don Wakeman
demonstrating the proper way to clip
heads; Horace Fulford, herdsman for A.
Duda and Sons at Cocoa, explaining
cattle grooming and fitting.

SUMMER, 1954


Ag. Extension

Summer School

June 14-July 3

COURSES ESPECIALLY suited to the needs
of county agricultural and home
demonstration agents are to be offered
at the University of Florida and Florida
State University this summer.
Director H. G. Clayton of the Florida
Agricultural Extension Service says that
courses will give agents an opportunity
to refresh their knowledge in certain
subject-matter fields and to learn new
Extension methods and techniques as
well as exchange ideas with other agents.
All courses offered may be taken for grad-
uate credit by agents interested in higher
The Extension summer school at the
University of Florida will open June 14
and continue through July 3. Registra-
tion will begin June 14 at 3 p.m. Courses

to be offered and their instructors are:
Vegetable Gardening (designed specifi-
cally for home demonstration agents), Dr.
G. J. Stout, professor of horticulture;
Special Soil Management, Seton N. Ed-
son, assistant professor of soils; Advanced
Rural Leadership, Herman Putnam, pro-
fessor of extension education, Mississippi
State College; Principles in the Develop-
ment of Youth Programs, and Special
Problems in Agricultural Extension
Methods, C. M. Hampson, professor of
agricultural extension.
Florida State University courses, de-
signed for home demonstration agents,
will begin June 14 and close July 2.
Courses to be given by FSU faculty mem-
bers are:
Textiles, Dr. Hazel T. Stevens and
staff; Food and Nutrition, Dr. Helen D.
Cate and Dr. Harvey F. Lewis; Furniture
Selection and Reconditioning of House-
hold Furniture and Furnishings, Mrs.
Jane Kelley Shearer; Child Development
and Family Relations, Dr. Mildred I.
Morgan; and Home Demonstration Meth-
ods, Miss Eunice Grady.

4-H and FFA

Boys Get Calves

ONE HUNDRED and twenty heifer calves
were obtained from dairy farms in the
Fort Lauderdale section during the past
month for distribution to 4-H club and
FFA members in four Florida counties,
according to Robert S. Pryor, assistant
Broward County agent. Agents of Dixie,
Gilchrist, Union, and Brevard counties
picked up the calves here and hauled
them back to their counties for distribu-
tion to 4-H and FFA members.

UNLESS A NEED for them is known to exist,
minor elements such as copper, manga-
nese, zinc, boron, and molybdenum
should not be added to fertilizers. Some
are injurious to plants if excessive
amounts are present in the soil.

MOST OF the important insect pests in the
United States came from other parts of
the world.

The Model 1-48 F


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Webber & Batchelor THE CIT-
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CITRUS FRUIT ........ 6.75
& PLANT GROWTH.... 8.75
Mix & Moore FARM ME-
MANUAL ............... 3.50
EASTERN FLORA ...... 12.50
1940-42 ...........ea. 2.50
1943-53 ...........ea. 2.00
1938 SOILS & MEN... 6.50
Bartholomew & Sinclair
LEMON FRUIT ........ 4.50
Hough & Mason SPRAYING,
TION OF PLANTS...... 12.50
Morrison FEEDS & FEED-
IN G .................... 7.00
We have in stock at all times a large
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Corn ready shelled

in one quick trip...

only the Uni-Farmor

can do jobs like this!
When a harvest machine cuts two jobs in one, that's BIG news-news
the cost-conscious farmer is mighty glad to hear. And the man who
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attachment picks and shells his corn in one trip-at a profit-boosting
a2-row clip. What's more, he gets the same big-capacity, self-propelled
performance in crop after crop, all season long, with the same basic
Only the Uni-Farmor offers performance like that. And only the
Uni-Farmor gives the farmer all the advantages of self-propelled har-
vesting in all his corn, grain, bean, seed, and forage crops-at a cost
far less than pull-behind equipment.

I OR UNi-WINDROWER. More machines coming
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quality and profits





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FASCO Pesticides, too, offer you
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So feed your crops with IDEAL
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and Divisions

"I Dare You"
(Continued from page 7)

Motto. All are daring to live at their
best, following a Four-square program,
and they are having a glorious time doing
it. Living right has a lasting kick in it.
Living wrong is a bit of foam on top,
that's all.
What are the hidden resources to look
for? What are these sleeping giants
within us? There are four of them-the
physical, the mental, the social, and the
spiritual. Life cannot be complete unless
we develop all four sides. Each side that
is developed in turn stimulates the other
three sides. "All for one and one for all."
Life's Musketeers work together for one
common end. All down the pages of
history great lives have been telling us
this secret of the four-fold life. Pick
them out of any age, from any line of
endeavor. They all tell the same story-
that progress is a complete program com-
ing out of all four sides of life. St. Luke
gives us eloquent evidence by just one
little peep into the four-fold development
of the greatest success of all time: "And
Jesus increased in wisdom and stature
and in favor with God and man."
Now listen to Sir Wilfred Grenfell's
message which he gave us on his last visit,
"Man must play, work, love and worship
to get the most out of life." How dare
you have within yourself these four-fold
capacities and not use them?
To find new capacities within you is
not robbing you of any pleasure. It is
bringing new treasures into every waking
hour. It is helping you touch life at all
angles, absorb strength from all contacts,
pour out power on all fronts.
And here is another interesting thing.
The more you pour out, the more you
find to pour. The more of Life's treas-
ures that o k you keep to yourself, the less
you have. The more you share with
others, the more you have yourself. One
of Life's great rules is this: The more you
give, the more you get. I am not trying
to soar up in the clouds. This principle
is the result of my own practical experi-
ence. I know that if you dare to use the
talents you have you find yourself grow-
ing stronger physically, mentally, socially,
spiritually, and that you multiply them a
hundred-fold by sharing their fruits. You
give your life away and behold,-a richer
life comes back to you.
I dare you to be strong. If you are
trying to make the football team this
fall or the basketball team next winter,
would you object to eating at the training
table, getting regular sleep and going
through the rigorous but stimulating
body-building program that would make
you fit when the crucial test came? Every
day is a crucial test in the game of life.
The longer you live the better will you

understand this fact. Every time you
take liberties with your physical strength,
such as eating or drinking things that
do not agree with you, or losing sleep,
you will find that some day you will pay
the price when you need the ability to
spurt or maintain a high batting average,
or need strength for that extra pep and
punch when all those around you are
Life is a bigger game than football or
basketball, but the same rules maintain.
if you keep strong, physically fit, full of
energy and enthusiasm, you are the man
whom life's coach is going to pick when
the winning touchdown is needed. But
if you do not follow the rules, if you
become indifferent in the care of your
physical strength, then the coach will
yank you out of the game and put a more
capable person in your place.
I dare you to think creatively. Your
mental program and the development of
your mental self you must work out for
yourself, but let me give you some of the
few things that I have found very valu-
able in my own life. I am pretty much
of the opinion that nobody was born a
genius-"an infinite capacity for hard
work." You have heard this over and
over again, but have you benefited by it?
I am daring you to know at least one
thing well. What is it? Make your
decision and then determine to know
one thing well, better than anyone else.
In doing this you will have to think. No
one is going to get far these days unless
he thinks for himself. This is going to
take time and hard work, but the joy
that you will discover in knowing one
thing well will more than repay you.
I dare you to develop that magnetic
personality. What is this thing-person-
ality? Is it "That Something" born in
some people and not in others? Can it
be developed? Of course it can. Un-
doubtedly some people are blessed with
a greater capacity for this social side than
others. Because Bill has more person-
ality than I have doesn't mean that I
shouldn't develop mine. Many a country
boy has joined our sales force and been
almost too timid to interview prospective
consumers. But I have seen these same
boys in a few years so develop and
broaden their personalities that they now
stand on a platform before hundreds of
people and speak with confidence, poise,
and power. These boys attract their
audiences, not by memorizing their
speeches, but by finding out a commun-
ity's needs and supplying these needs with
the fervor of an evangelist. Service is
a much over-used word, but the develop-
ment of real service is the enlargement
of personality.
I dare you to develop that magnetic
personality that will lead and inspire
(Continued on page 17)




i. A 1,ooo pound cow normally con-
sumes about:
S(a) io (b) 20 (c) 30 pounds of hay
per day.
2. The minimum butterfat content of
non-fruit ice cream is generally:
(a) io percent (b) 20 percent (c) 30
3. Under normal conditions most of
the varieties of peach trees begin to bear
(a) 4 (b) 6 (c) 8 years after planting.
4. To a dairyman the initials A. R.
(a) Advanced registry (b) American reg-
istry (c) All registered.
5. In the U. S. the crop which ranks
third in the number of acres harvested is:
(a) wheat (b) cotton (c) oats (d) hay
6. The most common method of testing
butterfat is named after:
(a) Hitchcock (b) Petersen (c) Babcock
7. A common variety of peaches is:
(a) Elberta (b) Premier (c) Cortland
8. The average yield of Timothy hay
is about: (a) 1.5 (b) 3.5 (c) 5.5 tons
per acre.
9. One hundred Leghorn hens are
generally given about: (a) 8 (b) 18
(c) 28 pounds of scratch per day.
lo. A cow should be dried up about:

(a) 1 month (b) two months (c) 3 months
before calving.

Answers to I. Q.
*S~UAIAe a3ojaq sqluom OMI (or)
:qJeisJs jo spunod iq!ra (6) :suoi 9-i
(8) elaqIg (L) ''Ipoqeug (9) : req (S)
'AJJsiJa l aue)Ape (P) 'sjea jnoj (F)
:.ua3jad uaz (z) :AEp jad -sq[ on (i)

80 to loo-you cheated
60 to 8o-good farmer
40 to 6o-city slicker
40 and under-better luck next time

ACP Not to Cut Payments
THERE MAY be no further cuts in conserva-
tion payments in the year ahead. Reason
is that the farm organizations are giving
the payments program (ACP) stronger
Benson asked last year for a cutback
to $140 million from a previous $250 mil-
lion. Congress went only half-way with
Benson, reducing the fund to $190 mil-
lion. And there it may stay.

FRATERNITY MAN: "Did you know that
we maintain seven homes for the feeble-
Rushee: "I thought you had more
chapters than that."


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SUMMER, 1954




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The Speed Sprayer spray-fog displaces air throughout the trees to envelop
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"I Dare You"
(Continued from page 14)
others. You can have that personality
if you have a great enough desire. You
can become pretty much what you want
to be. Can you imagine a young man
with a sincere and earnest desire to make
friends, ever turning out to be a grouch?
If a young woman really desires to be an
interesting conversationalist, she will be
I dare you to build character. It is
to you, strong of body, brilliant of mind,
magnetic in personality, that I am talking
now. What price all of these without
the inspiration of a Cause? Since the
beginning of things, man has had the
capacity for some kind of spiritual life.
Unless this side is developed, it dies, and
all the other three sides of life suffer. No
man can allow part of himself to die with-
out penalizing the parts of him which
continue to live. If attack is the keynote
of growth in our physical, mental, and
social lives, why not in the spiritual life,
It is not for me to tell you what your
spiritual Dare should be. You know your
own life. There is just one thing I Dare
you to do-Beat Your Best. Spiritual in-
vestments are repaid a thousand-fold.
Don't worry about your few little loaves.
Invest what you have. The returns will
be far more than you realize. Catch some
great challenge of service. Men do great
deeds under a "Magnificent Obsession."

THIS YEAR marks the looth anniversary of
entomology as a profession. The study
of insects and their control has saved
farmers millions of dollars by helping
them fight harmful insects and protect
beneficial ones.

"All I am today I owe to my parents."
"Why don't you send them fifty cents
and square the account?"'

Short Course Held for
Promotion of Better Fairs
PERSONS RESPONSIBLE for staging Florida's
numerous annual fairs, livestock shows
and expositions were given the oppor-
tunity to get new ideas for improving
these events at the third Fair Manage-
ment short course at Gainesville, May
District Agent K. S. McMullen of the
Florida Agricultural Extension Service,

chairman of local arrangements for the
fair short course planned a challenging
and interesting program, including all
types of fair activity.
The short course was directed by
the Extension Service and sponsored by
the Florida Federation of Fairs, Livestock
Shows and Expositions. The Federation
held its annual meeting Tuesday
afternoon, May 18, with President Karl
Lehmann, manager, Lake County Fair,
Tavares, presiding.

SW "idrs products& Company


"They Moo for More"

Phone 6-1201 Phone L.D. 1


"Our family has been growing citrus in Florida continuously since 1908"

Run your hands down into the smooth,
mellow mixture and let it pour through
your fingers. V-C Fertilizer is mealy, loose
and dry...and it stays that way in all kinds
of weather. V-C Fertilizer stays in good con-
dition, when stored in a dry building.

When you distribute V-C Fertilizer, every
plant in your field gets its full share of V-C's
better plant foods. Your crop comes up to
a good stand...makes healthy growth...
develops a strong root system...has vigor to
resist disease and adverse weather...and
produces abundant yields.

Virginia-Carolina Chemical Corporation



You can see the free-
flowing, easy drilling
quality of V-C Fertilizer as
soon as you open the
bag. V-C Fertilizer flows
through your distributor
smoothly and evenly.


SUMMER, 1954




X-CEL Feeds are proved
profit-makers for Florida
farmers. Every bag is backed

by 45 years of experience. For best
results in Florida ... feed X-CEL.

ES QD -1
Phone 6-4831 36 S.Main






Graduates for'54
(Continued from page 6)
Dairy Manufactures
Wesley Kea Carlton, Hawthorne; De-
Witt Clinton Crepps, St. Petersburg.
Darrell Wayne Anthony, Orlando; Ed-
ward L. Barwick, Groveland; Robert
Eaken Holland, Winter Haven; James
Fallon Jackson, Cocoa; Charles Lawrence
Phillips, Jacksonville; Shanley Doyle
Webb, Gainesville.
General Agriculture
Gerardo Edilberto Arias, Panama City,
Panama; Harold Hilton Cook, Route 5,
Pensacola; Norman Edwin Jackson,
Route i, Mayo; William Mims Knight,
Jr., Panasoffkee.
Nicholas Belitz, Jr., Orlando; Junius
Theodore Bolin, Seville; Herbert Russel
Fields, Jr., Clearwater; Leon Alexander
Garrard, Bartow; Dale Willmer Howard,
Wirt, Oklahoma; Eduardo Jiminez, San
Jose, Costa Rica; Joanne Desiree Kreps,
Bartow; Jay David Martsolf, Jr., Okla-
waha; Donald Joseph Mattioda, Clermont;
Ralph Albert Meyerhoff, Clermont; Mar-
vin Lee Penny, Perrine; Catherine Eliza-
beth Smith, Winter Park; Norman Todd,
Avon Park; Terence O'Neil Weitzel, Jr.,
Jacksonville; John Orin Zipperer, Jr., Ft.
Francis Armstrong, Route 2, Manatee;
Walter Carl Hartwig, Jr., Lake Wales;
Arthur Warren Sweat, Dunedin; Reuben
Sharp Williams, III, Madison.
David McRae Biggar, Tampa, Ag Eco-
nomics; Kenneth McInnis Eaddy, Bush-
nell, Ag Education; Terry Robinson
White, Flagler Beach, Ag Education.
Luther Theodore Albert, Miami, Ani-
mal Husbandry; Edward Roth Bartley,
Lake Alfred, Horticulture; William Cal-
vin Burns, Roswell, Minnesota, Animal
Husbandry; Charles Westfield Chellman,
Miami, Entomology; James Milton Coar-
sey, Jr., Tampa, Horticulture; Francis
Logan Coune, Tampa, Poultry Husban-
dry; John Malcolm Johnson, Jacksonville,
Ag Engineering; Robert William Linden-
struth, Marshfield, Missouri, Animal Hus-
bandry; Cleston Granville Parris, Doyle,
Tennessee, Agronomy; James Edward
Richards, Ft. Meade, Soils; Cecil Argyle
Tucker, II, Christmas, Animal Husban-
Elbert Charlton Prather, Jasper, Bac-
Fred Richard Marti, Falls Church, Vir-
ginia, Ag Economics; Mortimer James
Soule, Jr., St. Petersburg, Horticulture.



Plenteous is the PROMISE

a 0

No lurking savage or ox-drawn plow, no spinning wheel or
flail and scythe. The covered wagon's gone, gone the Texas
Longhorn cattle, too. The log house Grandfather built has
long since gone, and in its place stands Father's kind. Yet there
was promise for Grandfather in this land he loved. Your
Father followed in his footsteps, finding promise in this self-
same soil. For you, there's still greater promise, only just
begun--of finer, faster tractors, better tools to till the soil,
machines to make work easy, pleasant, in the farming of tomor-
row. New grains and hay and corn, bred stronger, more pro-
ductive; better livestock to thrive upon those crops, to get
greater, faster gains. Of all this there's special promise, for
you and your part in the farming of tomorrow.


PmIt- '^.^. j ;.

It's a long, far step from early days to modern times. Crude
cultivation with sharp sticks and stones; the wooden plow, pulled
by man and then by oxen; and on to steel for shares and mold-
board of the plow, horse-drawn for years until the tractor came.
Diesel-powered tractors are far from new, yet the new Case
Diesel "500" is a mighty step toward your promise of easier,
better methods of farming to come. Case-built six-cylinder engine
starts on Diesel at touch of a button. With Power Steering and
five-plow pull, you turn extra furrows with little fatigue. It's
another among many Case contributions throughout a century
and more of building fine farming equipment-another part in
the promise of future farming. J. I. Case Co., Racine, Wis.


SUMMER, 1954


A report to you about men and machines that help maintain International Harvester leadership

Exclusive opposed-action shoe prevents
straw-blocked sieves in the

NEW McCormick 141 THRESHER-

Over 35 new grain saving features include 60 hp engine,
complete redesign to save more of the last 10% of the crop.
t.:- -- *. -- -s -' ^' *^ :^^..* y^ .^

S" '.. '..
,. ,~~~~~~~B .," ,*' -,'.-..

:1: 'VA .

In the IH opposed-action shoe, the chaffer goes
forward when the shoe sieve moves backward.
This eliminates any tendency for the straw parti-

.-. ; ^ .

.... ... ."-

Exclusive Rigid-Mounted Concave with quick, two-
point cylinder adjustment gives uniform, accu-
rately-held clearance from front to rear and end
to end. More efficient threshing and separation
at the concave is the result.

cles to bridge and lodge between shoe and sieve.
The shoe's full area is always clear to thoroughly
clean heaviest yields.

of the McCormick 141 include:
* redesign of cutting mechanism for
more positive feeding of straw
* quick, easy adjustment of cylinder
speed and cleaning air blast to meet
changing conditions

* improved visibility with faster, easier
control for greater operator comfort

IH engineering teamwork produced the added grain-saving features of the new
McCormick No. 141 harvester-thresher. IH research, engineering and manufacturing
- men are constantly pooling their time and talent to solve farm problems-to provide
equipment that makes farm work easier and the farmer's time more productive!

International Harvester products pay for themselves in use-McCormick Farm Equipment and Farmall Tractors...
Motor Trucks... Crawler Tractors and Power Units... Refrigerators and Freezers-General Office, Chicago 1, Illinois


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