Title: Florida college farmer
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075980/00031
 Material Information
Title: Florida college farmer
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30cm.
Language: English
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Apr. 1930)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1960?
Numbering Peculiarities: Suspended with v. 3, no. 5 (May 1932) and resumed with Dec. 1935 issue. Suspended with v. 9, no. 4 (may 1941) and resumed with New series v. 1 (summer 1948).
General Note: Published by Agricultural students at the University of Fla.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075980
Volume ID: VID00031
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01569450
lccn - 55047167

Full Text

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S' Published by Agriculture Students at the University of Florida
VOL ,- NOVEMBER, 1939 NO.1
C'.,_ '. *: .'--V *i'*-

In Thi Issue:

This Month's
S:"Uncle Sam-The

What's New In
Farm. Machinery
Robert L. Granger

Taber's Bristling.
Address at
National Grange

Florida F. F. A.'s
Go To Kansas City

- 7 -7 -


November, 1939

uIL~~~YrULL~I~B~E ~IU!



Made Better-Produce Better Crops

There is full measure of choice plant food, with
careful manufacturing methods, in every sack.
For over thirty years we've been supplying the
Florida Growers with these excellent fertilizers.


Jacksonville, Florida.

~CBii~iIi~il~1T nTArM~i AI w ~ 1 ,,,,.,~, .l, .,, .,,,lfi ,,,, ~ UrAffll.

'The Florida College Farmer
Published four or more times during the school year in the
months of November, January, March, and May by repres-
entatives of student organizations, College of Agriculture,
University of Florida.
J. Lester Poucher ................. Editor
Loran V. Carlton ...... Business Manager
Editorial staff (contingent): Associate editors, Myron G.
Grennell, Curtis Unler, Earl Faircloth, Joe Heitaman;
Departmental editors, Arthur P. Ellis, Leroy Portner, Wilson
Suggs, "Eugene Boyles, Joe Adams, Robert Granger, Ted
Purvis, Johnny McLaurin, Glen Steckel, Warren Wood,
Harold Brewer, Charles Wincey, Eric Mills, Ben Woodham,
Thomas Skinner, Claude Slater, Burnice Dean, Charles
Howell, Clint Brandon, M. C. Eldridge, Bill Atwater, Roy -i
Business staff (contingent): Advertising Manager, Wilson
Suggs, Circulation Manager, Floyd Eubanks, Assistants,
David Coverston, Ormond Handry, Tom Pulliam, Art Ellis,
Bennett Dominick, Tommy Lunsford, James D.. McClung,
B. G. Clayton.
Faculty Advisory Committee
Dean H. H. Hume, ex-officio Chairman, W. H. Wolfe,
Chairman, L. M. Thurston, W. G. Kirk, C. H. Willough-
by, E. A. Ziegler..
Entered to second class mailing matter at the Post Office
at University Station, Gainesville, Florida, December 8,
1938, under Act of Congress of 1879. Advertising rates
furnished upon request. Subscription price-thirty cents.


Agricultural College Council
Pres.: Don Brooke
Collegiate Chapter, Future Farmer of
Pres.: J. Lester Poucher
Agricultural Club
Pres.: "Strawberry" Syfrett
Forestry Club
Pres.: Frank Chappell
Newsll Entomological Society
Pres.: John Frederick
Block and Bridle Club
Pres.: Jack Kinzer
Alpha Zeta
Pres.: Don Brooke
Alpha Tau Alpha
Pres.: Joel P. Keen
Pres.: Lorry Mitchell

U. S. agricultural subsides will cost
the nation nearly one billion dollars
in 1940.

Next to the Army and Navy, the
largest division of the federal govern-
ment is the U. S. Department of Agri-
culture, founded in 1862 by Abraham
Lincoln to preserve and, improve this
country's greatest single asset-o ne
billion acres of fertile soil.

Par e 2

Taber, National Grange Master, Delivers

Bristling Address To Annual Session

Following is a condensed summary of the address given by National Master
Louis J. Taber, at the annual convention of the Grange, Wednesday after-
noon, November 15, 1939, in Peoria, Illinois.

Following his usual plan of going
straight to the heart of things in what-
ever he undertakes, National Master
Taber makes an analysis of present
American conditions, coupled with
those prevailing throughout the world,
that is keen, penetrating and illuminat-
ing. Without offering any sweeping
panaceas for current ills, he outlines a
course for national adoption whose
practical worth will appeal to all think-
ing people. Stressing the basic im-
portance of agriculture, which neces-
sitates restored prosperity to the farm
people if prosperity is to be secured
for other groups, Mr. Taber's address
rings true to long-established Grange
Although the Grange has not been
in enthusiastic accord with all the
policies of official Washington for
,'farm relief" and similar objectives,
Mr. Taber's address refrains from
critical comment, but is devoted whol-
ly to constructive plans for improve-
ment-not alone for agriculture, but in
such other directions as aim toward
promoting the welfare of the whole
The keynote of the entire Peoria ad-
dress is found in these striking senten-
ces, which appear in its early para-
graphs:-"We have the problems of
unsatisfactory farm prices, of low ag-
ricultural income, of continued unem-
ployment and of crushing burdens of
debt. Yet none of these, vital and im-
portant as they are, should be even
considered before we first reaffirm our
faith in the ultimate destiny of Am-
erica and in the perpetuity of our free
It will be at once apparent that the
theme of the Taber address is built
around four general objectives:
First, peace and keeping America out
of the war in Europe-the most vital
problem of the hour.
Second, the preservation of democr-
acy at home; "adequate defense,"
meaning not only armed power, but
building up economic and social de-
fense against as great dangers as in-
vasion by foreign foe.
Third, a practical solution of the ag-
ricultural problem, built upon a broad
approach to its various angles.
Fourth, "preparedness for peace,"
in which program the Grange must be


Feature National Master Taber's
Challenge to America

In clear-cut, pungent sentences
Mr. Taber summons his country-
men to think--and puts the
Grange squarely on record for
sanity and patriotic determina-
Our every national act must be
impartial, and along the path-
way of attending strictly to our
own business.
We can keep out of the war
unless we allow' international
bankers, munitions manufactur-
ers and those seeking war pro-
fits to lead us astray.
The greatest call for "prepare-
dness" is preparing the minds
and hearts of people to live at
peace with their neighbors, as
well as with neighboring nations.
No man can be a traitor to
American ideals and at the same
time claim the protection of a
government whose form he seeks
to destroy.
Now is the time for cooperation
with governmental agencies, the
consuming public and the various
producing groups of our land,
to remove the log jam that re-
tards recovery.
Progress requires a contest be-
tween equals. Unorganized agri-
culture cannot survive in organi-
zed society.
We must continue our struggle
for decentralization and fight on
for better farm prices rather
than for increased government
The best customer the Ameri-
can farmer ever has had or ever
can have is well-paid and well-
(Continued on page 10)

made a mighty power in restoring the
faith and hope of a great people.
Discussing the tragedy of European
events and stressing our love of liberty
and our hatred of tyranny, Mr. Taber
truly expresses the American viewpoint

when he asserts that, "We cannot be
neutral in our sympathies, our desires
or our prayers. Every liberty-loving
American must resent the assassina-
tion of Czecho-Slovakia and the ruth-
less crushing of the helpless people of
Poland under the iron heel of twin
oppressors." In equally emphatic lang-
uage, however, he voices the convict-
ion of the great mass of Americans
when he continues, "Yet we must be
practical and realize that our nation
cannot become the policeman of the
world. It is not our duty to determine
who is the aggressor, or what are the
underlying causes of the conflict."
The Farmer's Needs
After a solemn warning against the
evil effects of war propaganda and the
specious plea that American prosperity
can be restored by the encouragement
of a European war. Mr. Taber puts
the farmers of the nation squarely on
record in an assertion that will have
their overwhelming endorsement:
"Speaking for the American farmer,
it can be stated that although his pric-
es are low and he needs increased in-
come, he wants no added dollars if
they come to him stained with human
blood. We need not be drawn into this
conflict, even though the propaganda
machines work overtime. It is time to
proclaim that only a blunder on the
part of our statesmen and diplomats
can entangle this nation in the pres-
ent conflict across the seas."
Adequate National Defense
After pointing out the natural de-
fensive barriers which the United
States possess. Mr. Taber warns that
"Adequate national defense is never-
theless the very foundation upon
which continuing freedom and lib-
erty must rest;" and he draws a paral-
lel for government action in saying,
"No thoughtful citizen would put his
silverware and his savings in the front
window where all could see, and leave
them unguarded; no bank or insurance
company would keep its cash and in-
vestments in an unprotected place; To
do so would invite the weak and vici-
ous, not only to rob and violate law, but
it would be also an invitation to de-
stroy property and life itself. Ameri-
ca needs no offensive program. We do
not covet one acre of ground, one
(Continued on page 10)

November, 1939

Page 3


SWar Creates New Problems For U. S. Farmer

... .- ,,-'*, .
,.. .._:*. # '. -
THIS YEAR, many a U. S. farmer harvested bigger and better crops
than he has grown since the depression began. With the help of new
ideas obtained from his local newspaper, the State and Federal
governments, and agricultural papers and organizations of every
kind, the U. S. farmer has practically doubled his cash income since
1932; and already he is beginning to reinvest new income in modern
implements to improve his crops and lighten his work. But just when
the American farmer is beginning to feel more secure than he has
in many a year, a Second World War, already under way in Europe,
confronts him with new problems and threatens him with a repeti-
tion of the severe depression he suffered after the First World War.

TO FEED THE ALLIES during the World War, American farmers
raised more cattle and hogs, and grew more of every basic crop than
ever before in the nation's history, according to the latest March of
Time film entitled "Uncle Sam-The Farmer." Spurred by boom
prices, farmers mortgaged their futures to buy-submarginal land
and plowed up millions of acres that had never before been plowed.
After the War came depression, bankruptcy and foreclosures; then
rains and floods swept treeless, grassless acres and washed away
billions of tons of irreplaceable fertile top soil. The March of Time
film vividly shows the effects of the World War on American agri-
culture and the new problems created by the Second World War.


NEATNESS... A Good Habit


Page 4


November, 1939


Film Shows Role of Department ofA agriculture

In Serving 32 Million Americans On U. S. Farms

In "Uncle Sam-The Farmer," March of Time Pictures 77-Year-Old Govern-
ment Agency and Its Job of Helping Farmers Preserve And Improve
Nation's Billion Acres of Fertile Soil

How the 77-year-old Department of
Agriculture works today, is clearly and
fully pictured in the latest dramatic
March of Time film entitled "Uncle
Sam-The Farmer." The film, which
tells the story of the life, work, hopes
and problems of the 32 million Am-
ericans comprising this country's vast
agriculture community, points out that
the Department of Agriculture is the
third largest division of the Federal
Government--xceeded in size only by
ihe Army and Navy.
Founded by Abraham Lincoln in
1862, to preserve and improve the
nation's greatest single asset-one
millionn acres of fertile soil, the Depart-
ment has since b-en serving the nation
end its farmers, in war and p-ace, and
under Democrats and Republicans
Regularly employed by the Depart-
ment of Agriculture are 75,000 men
end women, the greater part of whom
Sre skilled specialists and scientists
whose main job is to help the U. S.
farmer in cooperation with his state
rnd local governments.
Older than the Department itself,
the March of Time points out, is its
Bureau of Entomology, which for al-
most 90 years has been waging an in-
tensive war on insect pests, plant
blights, and animal diseases that would
te capable of destroying all American
l-lant life and livestock, if unchecked.
Through the 5,000 rangers and fir.
guards cf the Department's Forest
Service, working with state foresters
?nd the Civilian Conservation corps,
the Department of Agriculture protects
500 million acres of priceless U. S.
timb-rland constituting one of the
mcst valuable of all U. S. national re-
s3urces. In every soil conservation pro-
ject. whether State or Federal, the De-
partment also has a hand. Today it is
scientificallyy reclaiming whole areas of
arm land scoured by the erosion of
wind and water.
The Department of Agriculture's
chemists have catalogued and classified
.x thousand different types of U. S.
:-cil-knowledge that is vital to agro-
romists experimenting with new kinds
cf crops that will grow profitably on
v.crn out acres. Government chemists
ifel that the greatest opportunity for
restoring the farmer to his once p.os-
perous place in the nation's economic

MOST of the 75,000 men and women working for the U. S. Department
of Agriculture today are skilled specialists and scientists seeking new
ways to help the farmer work his land scientifically.

life lies in breeding new and better
plants, and in discovering new uses
for ihem :n industry.
Generously subsidized by the nation's
taxpayers, the March of Time film
points out, Uncle Sam is today the
world's No. 1 scientific farmer, giving
the benefit of his experience and his
knowledge simply for the asking. The
generations of young people who will
be the U. S. farmers of tomorrow are
now discovering what their government
has learned about farming through
state agricultural colleges.
Farmers subscribing to the Federal
Government's ever-normal granary
plan, designed to protect America's
crop growers from ruinous low prices,
last year received from the Agricul-
tural Adjustment Administration loans
totaling more than 886 million dollars.
With national farm income thus
boosted, the U. S. farmer now feels
more secure than he has in many a
long year, and already he is beginning
to reinvest some of his new income in
modern farm implements to improve
his crops and lighten his labors.
But with the Second World War al-
r-ady under way in Europe, the March
of Time film points out, operators on
(Continued on page 6)

Economists agree that U. S. agri-
culture has become a major national
problem because of the mistakes of
farmers and their government 25 years
ago, during the First World War.

Chemists in the Department of
Agriculture have catalogued and class-
ified more than 6 thousand different
types of U. S. soil-knowledge that is
vital to botanists and agronomists ex-
perimenting with new kinds of crops
that will grow profitably in wornout

Watching over 500 million acres of
priceless U. S. timberland is the De-
partment of Agriculture's Forest Ser-
vice whose 5,000 rangers and fire
guards, working with State Foresters
and the Civilian Conservation Corps,
are charged with conserving and pro-
.acting one of the most valuable of all
national resources..


Purebred Guernsey's
Gainesville, Florida

November, 1939


Page 5

Page 6

What's New In Farm Machinery

Use of Airplanes In Dusting Proves Great Aid.

Robert L. Granger, '40
In the beginning, all crops for the
sustenance of man-kind were produced
and prepared by human muscles. Many
centuries passed before the power of
animal muscles was used to relieve
those of the human being. With the
discovery of iron, tools were fashioned
that further relieved the labor of
human muscles. The transition from
subsistence farming to this modern
power farming age was at first slow,
but with the development of the steel
plow, the internal combustion engine,
and other modern farm machines, the
movement has accelerated beyond the
wildest dreams of our forefathers. The
changes brought about during the last
decade have so tremendously affected
human values that one wonders what
effect farm machines of the future
will have on our welfare. Let us look
at a few of the machines that have re-
cently been developed which benefit
Where corn is to be grown for en-
silage purposes, the field ensilage
harvester solves the problem with the
minimum work. In principle, the field
ensilage harvester embodies two sepe-
rate units. The power-driven harvest-
ing unit consists of the gathering and
cutting parts, somewhat silrilar in de-
sign to corresponding parts used on the
corn binder, in combination with a
high-speed cutting unit designed to cut
the corn into lengths suitable for en-
silage. A second unit, the blower, is
stationed at the silo; its function is to
blow the ensilage into the silo. In
operation, the gathering and elevating
parts of the harvester unit cut the
corn and deliver it to the feed table,
where the feed conveyor carries it into
the cutting unit. Here revolving kniv-
es, driven by the tractor engine
through the power shaft, cut the corn
into suitable lengths, and pass the
freshly cut ensilage into a wagon ele-
vator which carries it up and drops it
into the wagon driven along at the
The corn picker is a single or double-
row machine, equipped with snapping
rolls to remove the ears from the
standing stalks. The early machines
snapped the ears off the stalks with-
out removing the husks, but the mod-
ern machine performs two operations.

It not only removes the ears from the
stalks but also removes the husks from
the ears, delivering the clean ears to
a trailer wagon or into an elevated
tank. Power-driven corn pickers were
first constructed to be pulled behind
the tractor, but a recent innovation is
the push-type picker which is mount-
ed on the frame of the tractor. Both
types are constructed in one and two
row types. The one-row machines may
be equipped with tanks to receive the
ears, but the two-row machines elevate
the ears into a wagon trailed behind
or to the side of the picker.
Airplanes have been successfully used
to apply dust to both field crops and
orchards. A V-shaped hopper capable
of holding 500 pounds of dust is built
inside the fuselage in the space ordin-
arily occupied by the front seat. The
opening in the top for filling is cover-
ed by a close fitting lid, hinged in
front. The dust in the hopper is stirred
just above the outlet at the bottom by
an agitator driven by a small propeller
mounted on the lower wing. The feed
consists of an opening across the width
of the fuselage. A slide covering the
opening is operated by the pilot. The
amount the feed valve is opened re-
gulates the flow of dust and deter-
mines the poundage applied per acre.
A venturi nozzle is mounted under-
neath the fuselage and slightly in front
of the dust outlet. The rear of the
nozzle is tipped slightly downward.
The blast of air, which is created by
the planes propeller, rushes through
the venturi nozzle at a high velocity,
catching the dust and discharging it
in a whirling cylindrical column that
spreads and settles on the plants. It is
claimed that the high velocity of air
through the venturi nozzle creates a
partial vacuum in the feed opening,
and this aids the flow of dust. An air-
plane can dust approximately 350 acres
an hour, which is many times the acre-
age that can be dusted with any other
type of machine in the same length of
time. Data kept on the time required
for airplane operations show the aver-
age loading time to be 3 minutes and
5 seconds( average flying time per load
14 minutes and 30 seconds and the av-
erage dusting time per load 4 minutes
and 45 seconds. About one-third of
the time is spent in actually dusting,

the remainder being consumed in turn-
ing and flying to and from the land-
ing field.
The mechanical cotton picker is a
machine for picking the cotton from
the bolls similar to hand picking.
Cotton picking machines may consist
of self-propelled units, tractor mount-
ed push types, or the pull type mach-
ine drawn to the rear and side of the
tractor. The picking units consist of
arms or spindles radiating from a
vertical cylinder or a wide belt. The
picking spindles extend horizontally
from the drum or belt and are caused
to revolve by a gear or friction drive.
The rotation of the drum or belt is
synchronized with the forward move-
ment of the machine so that the pick-
ing units enter the plant from one or
both sides, catch whatever cotton they
may contact, and withdraw without
stripping or tearing through the plant.
Any cotton caught by the spindle re-
mains on it until the revolving drum
or belt carries the spindles through
stationary or revolving offers located
cn the outside of the drum. The cotton
drops upon a conveyor which elevates
it to a suitable receptable. For any
machine to do efficient picking, the
cotton must be in good condition. The
bolls must be well open with the cot-
ton dry and fluffy and protruding out
of the boll far enough to permit the
picking unit to catch and pull out the
The above examples are only a few
of the many improvements and inven-
tions in farm machinery. Improve-
ments in farm machinery continue so
rapidly that one often wonders what
the future holds.

(Continued from page 5)
U. S. commodity exchanges see an
opportunity for speculative profits.
In "Uncle Sam-The Farmer,"
Henry A. Wallace, Secretary of Agri-
culture, says: "The last war caused
farmers to plow millions of acres of
land which ought never to have been
plowed. This ruined first their soil
and later their incomes. Out of that
sad experience grew the present farm
programs. Now we have another war
which may tempt many farmers to
abandon these programs."

$21.75 $22-50 $25-00 $27.50



November, 1939

Page 6



Opportunities and Qualifications

By Wilson Suggs, '41
The field of Agircultural Education
has expanded rapidly during recent
years. There ara at the present time
109 teachers of Agriculture in Florida
and more than 6,000 in the United
States. This rapid growth has made
many opportunities for trained young
men' in the field of teaching Vocational
Agriculture. Replacements alone in
this field require the services of a
number of new men each year. The
increase may be expected to continue
for several years due to the fact that
there ,are many communities in Flor-
ida and other states that need depart-
ments in their schools. A recent sur-
vey in Florida indicated that it would
be necessary to employ approximately
twice as many teachers as we now
have to meet adequately the needs of
prospective farmers.
There are also opportunities in this
field for employment as teacher-train-
ers, supervisors, and as research speci-
alists. This is true for those men who
Have had experience teaching and have
had additional training. Many gov-
ernmental agencies prefer men who
have had experience teaching Vocat-
ional Agriculture. Many teachers have
Eon. into County Agent work, Farm
Security work, and in other similar
typs of governmental employment.
Teaching Vocational Agriculture is a
most interesting type of work. It is a
year round job and requires as much
time as a man will devote to it. Teach-
crs t-ach a minimum of five classes
daily. Three of these are in-school
classes and two are out-of-school.
Many teachers teach more than this.
The teacher of Vocational Agricul-
ture performs a variety of activities
besides his classroom work. He visits
and,'supervises the farming progrmini
of his class members. He serves as ad-
viser of a chapter of Future Farmer:
of' America. He participates in a:] ot
the worthy activities of his commun tj
and cooperates with other governmeFi-
tal agencies in helping to improve .lit
agriculture in his area. A teacher of
Agriculture is a very busy man. He hi a
an unusually fine opportunity tecatii
of his close contact with rural young
people and adults to be of great service
in his community.
Such a varied type of program call
for men who are well trained. In oicler
to be successful in this fie'd a m in,
should possess the following characrtl-
istics. He should be a good leader, For
teachers are continually called upon t,:
serve in positions of leadership in treir
communities. He should be a man ol
sterling character because young mi-n
will naturally want to follow in his foot
steps. It is essential that he have rich
farm experience so that he may have
an understanding of rural young peo-

pie and a knowledge of the common
skills which are performed on the farm.
He must have a reasonable amount of
,ability. He should also enjoy working
with people and should like farming
and rural life.
A student planning to qualify as a
teacher of Vocational Agriculture
should study the reqiurements as listed
in the catalog and contact a member
of the Agricultural Education staff. A
complete training program is provided
at the University for boys desiring to
become teachers of Agriculture.
It will be noted that a student must
have a minimum of 18 hours in Edu-
cation. Vocational Education, Methods
of teaching, and courses in Participa-
tion Training, are required in order
for a student to be a teacher of Agri-
culture. The student will find that class
work is only a small part of the train-
ing provided. He participates in the
organization of out-of-school classes.
He observes the teaching of all-day
classes in high school and out-of-
school classes for young men and ad-
ults. He receives experience in all
three types of classes. Trainees re-
ceive experience in directing an F. F.
A. chapter by serving as an adviser,
assisting with the Gainesville and
other nearby chapters, and by partici-
pating in the activities of the collegi-
ate F. F. A. chapter. The trainees
also receive actual experience in the
supervision of farm programs of high
school boys and the programs of part-
time and evening class members.
Each year a tour is made of several
of the departments in Florida in order
that trainees may become acquainted
with the activities, equipment, and
buildings with which teachers work.

Page 7

Trainees also have an opportunity to
become proficient in the use of various
visual aid machines and equipment.
Training is provided in the making of
charts, tables, graphs, as well as in
the use of lantern slides, film strips,
opaque projectors, and motion picture
For many years young men who en-
rolled in Agricultural Education and
have qualified to teach Vocational Ag-
riculture have been unusually success-
ful in securing employment. Approxi-
mately 90 per cent of those men de-
siring employment have been placed.
At the present time the future con-
tinues to look very bright for this
field of service.


Most Plant-Food
per bag

Lowest Cost in
handling or apply-

Most Crop for each
unit of plant-food

Lowest Fertilizer
Cost for each unit
of crop

Send for our booklet


J. F. Williams, Jr., state supervisor of vocational agriculture looks over the tomato
seed bed of Billy Reitz of the Weirsdale FFA Chapter. The picture shows (left to
right) Therrell Douglas, Billy Reitz, J. F. Williams, Jr., Earl Reitz, and Robert
Mowry. Over 25,000 plants were sold from the seedbed.

November, 1939



Dean H. Harold Hume writes
of the future of farming
in Florida.

It is of interest to speculate on the
future of agriculture in our State. In
many areas agriculture is quite de-
finitely fixed and probably there will
be little change in the future just as
there has been little variation in the
past. Not so in Florida.
For many sections of Florida agricul-
ture have been completely made over,
small cultures have been greatly in-
creased, new areas have been opened
up and new crops have been introduc-

ed, all within a generation or so. Nbte-
worthy proofs of this statement, as ap-
plied to our State, are the new interest
that has developed in the cattle indus-
try; beef, range and dairy; grapefruit
as a crop is only about fifty years old;
vegetable crops,-their present great
size is a product of forty to forty-five
years; the Everglades and other great
centers in southern Florida have come
into existence as great production areas
very recently; avocados, mangos and
tung oil are very new trees to Florida;
a great bulb industry has come into
existence, winter legumes with other
pasture plants are now started on
their way to large extension. These are
but examples of what has taken place;
furthermore, they are indications of
what may be expected in the future.
In years to come, new plants and
new crops will take their place among
the great number of crops now grown.
Diversity is now and will always be one
of the great features in Florida's agri-
culture. New uses will be found for
plants and plant products. They will
become the raw materials from which
new things will be produced. Finer
and better adapted varieties to replace
older and inferior sorts will be found
by exploration and by breeding or by
both. Grading and packing will be re-
vamped; transportation will be speed-
ed up; new agricultural possibilities
will open up. Undoubtedly and un-
questionably the future welfare of
Florida is inseparably tied up with
agriculture. To make these things pos-
sible, to offer place and opportunity
to our young men and women, not less
education but more is needed. And to
this end, the best available in facilities,
in equipment, in teaching and leader-

Our Cover

The photograph on our cover page
this month represents a typical Flor-
ida citrus scene with truck farming
operations in background. The scene
aptly sets forth two of the leading
farm commodities which Florida pro-
duces, citrus and vegetables. The pho-
tograph comes through the courtesy
of the State Department of Agriculture,
Honorable Nathan Mayo, Commission-

Garrett Wins Fellowship

Recipient of a $1,000 fellowship at
the University of Florida is none other
than Harold Garrett, graduate of 1939
from the College of Agriculture.
Harold has received many honors in
the College of Agriculture, one of
which was Circulation Manager of
the "Florida College Farmer" maga-
zine last year.
Awarded by the General Tung-oil
Corporation of which Mr. Carter B.
Carnegie is president, the fellowship
will enable Harold to do research work
as regards the Tung-oil field leading
to a Master's degree.

ship personnel should be theirs-it is
their rightful heritage.

WINNERS of the state farmer and master teacher contests sponsored by the
Chilean Nitrate Educational Bureau attended the National F. F. A. Convention in
Kansas City. (Left to right) Hollis Rigsby, Walnut Hill; E. A. Brannon, Altha;
H. T. Woodruff, teacher, Jay; Robert McDaniel, Lake City; Frank Boyd, Educa-
tional Director, Chilean Nitrate Agency, Montgomery, Alabama; Tom Stewart,
Deland; H. L. Fagan, teacher, Deland; Billy Jones, Ft. Meade; Dan Beardsley,

Nothing contributes to the
quality of fruits and vege-
tables as much as the right
kind of plant food. NACO
Brand Fertilizers in formu-
las balanced to the needs
of your crops should pro-
duce an increased yield of
better quality fruits and


Manufactured by
Naco Fertilizer

November, 1939

Page 8






Florida F. F. A.'s Go
To Kansas City

The 12th national convention of
Future Farmers of America held in
Kansas City, Missouri, October 16th-
19th, had delegates present from 48
states and Hawaii representing a total
membership of 207,000. Each state is
entitled to two official delegates who
participate in the legislative phase of
the convention activities. Florida was
represented by Earl Haynsworth of
Alachua. Chapter and Eli Read, Jr., of
the Trenton Chapter.
In addition to the official delegates,
the Florida Association, F. F. A., was
represented by a livestock judging
team composed of state champion judg-
es of the Tate Chapter: Simon Bradley
Jr., BErt Brewton and Melvin Vaugh,
and Stanley Fillingim, alternate. T. L.
Barrineau, Jr., was the coach of the
Attending the convention as winners
in the state farmer and master
teacher contests were Hollis Rigby,
Walnut Hill; E. A. Branton, Jr., Altha;
Robert McDaniel, Lake City; Tom
Stewart, Deland; Billy Jones, Fort
Meade; and Dan Beardsley, Pahokee;
teachers were H. T. Woodruff, Jay,
north Florida winner, and H. L. Fagan
of Deland, south Florida winner.
There are four degrees of achieve-
ment in the F. F. A. organization.
Th.se are based on actual accomplish-
ment by the boy in carrying out his
farming program and F. F. A. activi-
ties. The "Green Hand" degree may be
secured by any member who is en-
rolled in vocational agriculture and
who has a satisfactory supervised farm
The second, or "Future Farmer" de-
gree, can be obtained after the indivi-
dual has had at least one year of
agricultural training, is familiar with
the purpose of the organization, un-
derstands the government of the or-
ganization and its constitution, under-
stands parliamentary procedure, has
saved or invested at least $25.00 and
can lead a group discussion for 15
minutes. Both the "Green Hand" and
"Future Farmer" degrees are conferred
by the local chapter
To secure the third, or "State
Planter" degree the boy must have
outstanding ability, be in the upper
40 per cent of his class, have earned
or invested at least $250.00, and be

familiar with the laws, the constitution,
and the regulations of the r' r'. A.
organization. The degree can be con-
ferred only by the State Association.
The fourth and highest, the "Ameri-
can Farmer" degree, can be conferred
only at the National Convention at
Kansas City. In order to secure this
degree, the boy must have held the
State Planter degree for at least one
year, must have earned or invested
not less than $500.00, must be in the
upper 40 percent of his class, and must
show a record of outstanding ability in
leadership and cooperation. This year,
Florida had four boys who were award-
ed this great honor. They were Bob
Campb-ll, Wauchula; Billy Johnson,
Gonsalez; Eli Read, Jr., Trenton; and
Warren Wood, Redland.
For the first time in the history of
the Florida Association, a Florida boy,
Wayne Poucher of Largo, won first
place in the national public speaking
contest, using as his subject, "Soil
Conservation, Man's and Nature's." A
gold medal and a cash award of $250.00
went to the first place winner.

An award of $20.00 was made to the
Florida Association by the national or-
ganization for its placing in the upper
five state associations in the rating of
the states. The Tate Chapter, which
won first in the state chapter contest,
won honorable mention in the national
chapter contest and received a check
for $15.00.

GAINESVILLE-The Glainesville F.
F. A. Chapter recently purchased 21
steers weighing an average of 635
pounds each from a local cattleman.
These steers, which are to be fed out
for the Jacksonville Fat Stock Show
on February 27-28, are being fed a
balanced ration as recommended by the
Florida. Experiment Station consisting
of Florida grown feeds.

During the past year the Agricul-
tuial Adjustment Administration loan-
ed to farmers some 886 million dollars.
This year, more than five million
farmers subscribing to the ever-normal
granary plan will receive loans from
Uncle Sam.


FLORIDA'S DELEGATION to the 12th National Convention, Future Farmers of
America, which was recently held in Kansas City, Missouri. Back row (left to
right) Simon Bradley, Jr., Burt Brewton, E. A. Branton, Stanley Fillingum, Tom
Stewart, Dan Beardsley, Hollis Rigsby; Middle row (left to right) Warren Wood,
Robert McDaniel, Eli Read, Jr., Earl Haynsworth, Wayne Poucher, Melvin Vaughn,
Billy Jones; Front row (left to right) H. T. Woodruff, T. L. Barrineau, W. T.
Loften, Dr. E. W. Garris, F. E. Boyd, H. L. Fagan, J. Lester Poucher, G. C.


Page 9

Ne~vember. 1939


Pave 10

(Continued from page 3)

dollar or one single citizen belonging
to any other nation in all the world.
We do have a resolute determination
to preserve the blessings that are ours,
and to continue both the freedom and
the opportunity for which our fathers
died. America must keep strong on the
land, on the sea and in the air. Lovers
of peace face a very different world
than they did 25 or 30 years ago, and
the development of the aeroplane, the
tank, the submarine, the rapidity of
travel and the growth of international
highwaymen require a nation, like an
individual, to use ordinary prudence
and common sense."
"But," continues Mr. Taber, "we dare
not make the mistake of thinking that
national defense can be assured be-
cause we have munitions, battleships or
aeroplanes. The most adequate de-
fense of any nation is a free, content-
ed, well-employed and well-prepared
citizenship. Regardless of the might
of our armed forces, if there is hunger
and want, if there is inequality and
insecurity, then the nation itself faces
dangers greater than from a foreign
Agriculture and Recovery
The greatest need of the hour is to
broaden the purchasing power and im-
prove the income and standards of
living of every group. Agriculture is
not now and has not been for more
than a decade on a parity with other
groups of American citizens. While
there has been some advance in farm
prices and a little greater upturn in
farm supplies since the declaration of
war in Europe, nevertheless we cannot
escape the fact that during the past
ten years the farmer has faced a 22
per cent exchange disadvantage in
dealing with other groups in our na-
tion. Departments of Agriculture statis-
tics reveal that in July and August of
this year prices received by farmers
were equal to only 74 per cent of the
prices paid by tillers of the soil for the
commodities, goods and services used
in rural life.
The Farmer's Contribution
"The farmer's condition is brought
into bold relief," continues Mr. Taber,
"when we remember that during this
same period he has educated, housed,
clothed and fed 31 per cent of the
youth of our land-the living gold of
tomorrow. The farm dollar is still 22
per cent below par, and it is more than
a coincidence that approximately 20
per cent of the nation's labor is un-
employed. This proves that America's
greatest need is economic balance-
such disparity cannot be corrected by
legislation alone. Until labor and in-
dustry will meet agriculture in solving
this problem, depression will continue.
Payrolls, business activity and advanc-
ing farm prices go hand in hand."
Dependence on Foreign Markets
A significant fact brought out in the
Taber address is that during the past

(Continued from page 3)
employed labor.
We should demand that either
the reciprocal program be re-
pealed or that all treaties be
ratified by the United States
We shouldd continue to scan the
earth for new plants, new com-
modities and new crops that can
be grown somewhere in Ameri-
We demand an honest dollar
Pnd one reasonably constant in
debt paying and purchasing
We insist that every tax-sup-
parted institution and official
shall treat all farmers exactly
alike, whether organized or un-
Every effort to turn a tenant
or a landless farmer into a farm
owner is good business, good ec-
onomics and good patriotism.
We should reduce and not in-
crease our free trade import list.
The Civilian Conservation
Ccrps must be retained as a part
of any broad farm program.
There is more than one auto-
mobile for every farm in Ameri-
ca; there is not one automobile
per thousand among starch lab-
crers in the Orient!
Every 24 hours there flows
down th' rivers of the United
States the entire top soil of the
equivalent of forty-nine 160-acre
Whenever America realizes
that Christianity and Democracy
are twin forces for a better
humanity, a happier day will

five-year period, with the exception oC
cotton and tobacco, 97 per cent of the
commodities grown on the farms of
America were sold in continental Un-
ited States, so that it is at once ap-
parent that the first step in restoring
agricultural purchasing power is with.-
in the reach of this nation itsef, re-
gardless of turmoil and dislocation a-
broad. Government, business, finance
and labor must unite in a long-range.
broad program doing justice to the
tillers of the soil and (1) assuring to
every person in the nation an ample
supply of food, clothing and shelter;
(2) guaranteeing the farmers that they
shall have a fair return on their prod-
ucts for the essential service which
they render to society.
The Family Sized Farm
First of all, Mr_ Taber emphasizes
the necessity of continuing in America
the family-sized farm: It is the small
business enterprise which furnishes
the opportunity for a farm boy or for
a tenant to become a farm owner, or
for a clerk or a workman some time to

possess a factory of his own-all in
happy contrast to the system of col-
lective farming which has furnished
such a frightful spectacle in Russia,
and to chain farming, a partial threat
in this country, but whose results so
far have not proved profitable to its
promoters. Continuing, he says:-
The family-sized farm is the great-
est purchaser of the products of in-
dustry in the land. One hundred farri-
ers will need more machines, plows,
binders, household and dairy equip-
ment than if combined in one vast
unit. The patriotic and spiritual values
that cluster around the family-sized
farm home give America a sheet an-
chor guaranteeing the perpetuity of
the Republic. Essential steps to the re-
storation of agricultural prosperity are:
Changing relief rolls into private
payrolls, and taking every possible step
that will free industry from handicaps
and increase the opportunity for em-
ployment; curing present tariff in-
equalities, and above all else preserv-
ing the American market for the Am-
erican farmer up to the limit of his
ability to supply its needs; employing
all the possibilities of research, science,
chemistry and invention in finding new
uses and non-food uses for the pro-
ducts of the farm; a constant, persist-
ent effort by state and Federal auth-
orities, educational agencies and by
farm organizations themselves to pro-
mote cooperative marketing wherever
it can succeed: checking undue ad-
vance in such farm costs as interest,
freight rates, taxation, wages and pro-
cessing expenses, all largely beyond the
farmer's control.
Along with these steps toward re-
storing agricultural prosperity, Mr.
Taber urges soil conservation and ad-
justment, with farmers everywhere co-
operating in a far-flung national pro-
gram of practical worth; but with
farmer participation and control ef-
fectively safeguarded; more extended
organization of the agricultural people;
and an effort to retain whatever is
good in recent programs for bettering
the condition of agriculture, eliminat-
ing impractical features and unwork-
able schemes. Significantly Mr. Taber
thus concludes: -
Acreage reduction alone will never
solve all of our farm problems, because
of many inherent weaknesses, includ-
ing man's inability to control the
weather. This goal we must seek is
something better than WPA for the
worker and government checks for the
farmer. All that ablebodied men ask
is a chance to work, under decent con-
ditions and at fair wages. All the farm-
er seeks is a fair price and he will do
the rest.
A Debt-Conscious Nation
On no other point does National
Master Taber sound a more needed
warning than in his appeal to make the
nation not simply tax-conscious, but
debt-conscious, all the time working
toward a broadened base of taxation
(Continued on page 12)



November, 1939

PagP 10

November, 1939


$2,000 Scholarship
Given University

Dan Roberts, a 17-year old youth,
born and reared in Alachua County on
a farm south of Micanopy, was award-
ed the $2000 James D. Wescott Scholar-
Gift of the U. S. Sugar Corporation,
named in honor of Florida's first U.
S. Senator, the scholarship will pay
Roberts $500 a year for each of four
years study in the University, pro-
vided his record merits continuation
of the scholarship.
More than 40 applicants were receiv-
ed for the scholarship, R. C. Beaty,
Dean of Students and Chiarman of
the University scholarship committee,
stated in announcing that the commit-
tee had chosen the 1939 honor grad-
uate of Gainesville High School.
The Wescott Scholarship is the sec-
ond $2000 scholarship to the Universi-
ty of Florida given by Clarence E.
Bitting, president of the U. S. Sugar
corporation. The first, the Duncan U.
Fletcher Scholarship, is held by Adrain
Daane, a 1937 honor graduate of Pa-
hokee High School, who is now at-
tending his third year at the Universi-
In presenting the Wescott Scholar-
ship to President John J. Tigert, Mr.
Bitting pointed out "it was the earnest
desire of the organization to recognize
and perpetuate the memory of that
man who began, as early as 1847, to
make a reconnaissance of the Ever-
glades of Florida as to the probable
practicability of reclamation of these
lands and the expediency of draining
"Without this work as a nucleus the
U. S. Sugar Corporation's development
of the Everglades could not have been
made possible," Bitting said, "and be-
cause of the Senator's integrity, pub-
lic spiritedness, and everlasting efforts
to reveal the possibilities of the Ever-
glades as a distinct asset to the State
of Florida. as well as the nation, the
scholarship will bear his name."

In the files of the Department of
Agriculture in Washington are aerial
survey maps and case histories of
nearly every one of the nation's 6 1-2
million farms.

Head, Hand,

Heart, Health

Dairy Team Goes
To California

The Pasco County 4-H dairy de-
monstration team represented Florida
at the National Dairy Congress which
was held in connection with the San
Francisco Exposition in California.
David Boatwright and Maxie Bryant
pitted their skill against 4-H club
members from all over the United
States. They were accompanied by
County Agent J. A. McClellan, who
trained them.
R. W. Blacklock, state boys club
agent with the Extension Service, said
the boys left Florida October 13 and
would return as soon as the show was
over. The National Dairy Show lasted
from October 21 through October 26.
The Pasco team, which was second
in state competition during the Boys'
Annual Short Course at the University
of Florida last June, was awarded
th.e trip when the winning Alachua
County team was unable to go.
The state contests are sponsored each
year by the Kraft-Phoenix Cheese cor-
poration, which awards to state cham-
pionship teams all expense tours to
the National Dairy Show. There the
winning teams from the states com-
pete for national honors.

Annual Pig Show
Is November Event

Florida 4-H club boys will drive out
their best fat barrows and breeding
pigs at the 1939 State 4-H Pig Club
Show which will be held in connection
with the Leon County Fair in Talla-
hassee November 8 through 11.
R. W. Blacklock, state boys' club
agent with the Agricultural Extension
Service, says the Leon County Fair
Association is guaranteeing $200 in
prize money, and that the Hon. Nathan
Mayo, Commissioner of Agriculture,
has offered a free trip to the National
Club Congress and International Live-
stock Show in Chicago to the boy
showing the grand champion barrow,
under rules specified by the Extension
County agent K. S. McMullen, Tal-
lahassee, will be in charge of all ar-
rangements for the 4-H Show this
year, Blacklock says. He is expecting
a large entry list from about twenty

Page 11


Deserving Farmer

The farmer, a Harvard economist
complains, has become the nation's
most-favored interest, with more pity-
ing friends in congress and more class
legislation and helpful handouts than
any other chap in the land.
Well, who, when the hot weather
drives city people to the country, gives
up his bed to them and sleeps in the
attic? Who turns out in the small
hours to deal with a wave of hysteria
in the hen house so that his guests
may rest? Who takes his meals on a
shelf in the kitchen shed while they
make merry in his dining room? Who
alone, of all their fellow-Americans
credits them with great knowledge of
affairs, lends a respectful ear to their
political views and makes them fell
like somebodies?
..More than that, who lets their chil-
dren harass the ducks, chase the fat
off- the pigs, coast down the hay-
stacks, club the apple tree, plug the
melons in the garden patch and ride
Old Dobbin to the watering trough?
If the farmer gets a little special at-
tention now and then in our halls of
state, what summer boarder from the
city will say he doesn't deserve it.
-New York Times.

Older than the Department of Agri-
culture itself is its Bureau of Ento-
mology, which for almost 90 years has
been waging an intensive war on in-
sect pests, plant blights and animal
diseases capable (if unchecked) of
destroying all American plant life and

Former Editor Wins




The staff takes this opportunity to
congratulate a former editor of the
mer W. Basset, Jr., '37, who has re-
cently been awarded one of the annual
Payne Foundation Fellowships to con-
tinue his academic pursuits in the
United States Department of Agricul-
ture. Wilmer is now in Washington
where he will remain for one year.
The Fellowship carries a stipend of


4-H Club News


Page 11


Agronomy Continues As One Of Three
Oldest Departments In College

By Arthur P. Ellis
On the third floor of the Agricul-
ture Building is located the Depart-
ment of Agronomy of the College of
Agriculture, one of the three original
departments, Agronomy, Animal Hus-
bandry, and Horticulture, making up
the College of Agriculture shortly after
the University of Florida was establish-
ed in 1905. This department has en-
joyed steady growth and since its be-
ginning three other departments of the
present College of Agriculture-Agri-
cultural Engineering, Agricultural Ec-
onomics, and Soils-have had their be-
ginnings in the Department of Ag-
ronomy. Courses in this department
are designed to give instruction in the
various phases of agronomy including
general field and forage crops, genetics,
and plant breeding. Special stress is
placed on crops of the Southeastern
United States with special considera-
tion being given the crops commonly
grown extensively in Florida.
Emphasis is placed on visual instruc-
tion and this method is used extensive-
ly in presenting subject matter in all
courses offered by the department. An
extensive collection of fresh and pre-
served materials such as plants, plant
parts, and products of agronomical
crops is available for classroom and
laboratory instruction. Seeds and other
products of economic crops are feat-
ured in the departmental displays. The
e1cture room and laboratories are amp-
ly equipped with apparatus for in-
structional and research work in gener-
al field crops, genetics, and plant
In addition to lecture and laboratory
instruction students of the department
have opportunity to come acquainted
with actual field practice on the college
farms and with methods employed by
experiment stations in scientific re-
search dealing with agronomic pro-
blems. Training in the D;epartment of
Agronomy assists young men in pre-
pairing for vacations in general farm-
ing, teaching in colleges and universi-
ties, for positions as agronomical in-
vestigators in the State and Federal
departments of Agriculture and as
county agricultural agents and exten-
sion specialists.
Since its organization, five men have
served as heads of the Department of
Agronomy: Dr. W. C. Ethridge, now
head of th' Department of Field Crops,
University of Missouri; Dr. J. E. Turl-
ington, formerly head of the Depart-
ment of Agricultural Economics, Uni-
versity of Florida, now deceased; Dr.
O. C. Bryan, Consulting Soils Speci-
alist, Lakeland, Florida; Dr. R. V.
Allison, head of the Soils Department,
College of Agriculture University of
Florida, and Dr. P. H. Senn, the pre-
sent head of the department and
professor of agronomy.

Students who have received training
in agronomy in the University of Flor-
ida. are found in every county of the
state, a number of states of the Union
and several foreign countries.

(Continued from page 10)
and compelling all to make a fair con-
tribution to the cost of government.
Here is the way a stern fact is ex-
The people of America are working
one-fifth of their time not for them-

selves, but to pay for government ex-
penditures. A great and generous gov-
ernment must provide adequate nati-
onal defense and take care of the hu-
man and social obligations of its peo-
ple, and we must face the fact that in
such directions there can be no.im-
mediate improvement, consequently
no great reduction in taxation; but
there must be either a great increase
in revenue or substantial reduction in
the cost of government before there
can be business recovery.
False Leadership
Pointing out that no free and pros-
perous people would ever change a de-
mocratic form of government for a
dictatorship, Mr. Taber reminds all
(Continued on page 14)

CHEMIS1TS in the Department of Agriculture have catalogued and
classified more than 6,000 different types of U. S. soil knowledge that
is vital to botanists experimenting with new kinds of crops that will
grow profitably in worn out acres.

HOW Bill Knight and his fellow "county agents" work to help the
32 million Americans who make up this country's great farm population
is shown in the March of Time film. A graduate of Ohio's State Agri-
cultural College, Bill Knight has spent 12 years in government service,
earns $8200 a year.

November, 1939

Page 12


God made man; then rested
God made earth; then rested
God made woman; and neither God nor
man nor earth has rested since.

I'm going to marry a beautiful girl and
a good cook.
You can't. That's bigamy.

Prof.: Were you fired with enthusiasm
when you tackled your first job?
Grad.: Was I! I never saw a man so glad
to get rid of me in my life!

"Another good thing about telling the
truth is that you don't have to remember
what you said."
These dormitory walls are sure thin!
The fellows next door sound like they're
right in this room!
They're thin, all right. Why, when I get
a headache, they take two aspirins.
Mandy: Rastus, why don't you work?
Hard work never killed anybody.
Rastus: Dat shows what you know about
it. I've already lost two wives data way.

Did you ever see a $30 bill?
Well, here's one from my dentist!
Always bragging about that climate!
Keep quiet, we know where you're from.

Freshman Advice ...
Don't worry if your work is hard
And your rewards are few:
Remember that the mighty oak
Was once a nut like you.
-Miss. Collegian

We were sitting in a local eating joint
during summer school when a friend of
ours turned to us and said, "What day is
"Wednesday" said we.
"Wednesday?" said he.
"All day" said we.
"Right in the middle of the week" was
the perplexed reply.
"Then where in the heck did that guy
over there get the Sunday funny paper?"
-Cal Poly.

Cal: "Now in my state, we can grow an
orange tree that size in about a year. How
long did it take you to grow that one?
Florida: "Can't say for sure but it wasn't
there yesterday."

Poultry Prof.: It's a new breed, they lay
poached eggs.

Zeke: "How long has your Son Josh
been in College?"
Hiram: "About four cows, two horses,
forty bales of hay, and a couple of loads of
pumpkins" --Ag. Leader's Digest.

Consumer: "Are these chickens freshly
Poultry grad.: "Why lady, artificial res-
piration would bring these chickens alive
SAYS ...
Only real way to make time in an auto is
when it's parked.
Suggested title for Anne Morrow Lind-
bergh's next book, "Listen, The Windbag."

Collegiate Chapter, Future Farmers of America, recently entertained freshmen. Ted Sherwood and
his Collegians provided "the swing."

Page 13

November, 1939




by J. Lester Poucher
Ride 'em cowboy, ride 'enm-and very
appropriately so but don't let the title
mislead you-the cows are already here
in Florida and are still coming. Cow-
boys to ride bucking broncos, attractive
cowgirls to thrill spectators with trick
riding and many other stunts of prec-
ision will revive the old rootin'-tootin'
spirit of the buckin' West when round-
up times comes to G'atorland. Not only
will it be round-up time on the Florida
campus in late spring when the annual
rodeo gets into sway but similar oc-
casions are being planned at other
points in Florida.
In the heart of the west coastal area
of Florida at Indian Rocks beach, the
Pioneers Riding club is shaping plans
for the first rodeo ever to be staged
in that 'neck of the woods.' According
to H. D. Ulmer, prominent Indian
Rocks citrus magnate and livestock en-
thusiast, such an event will not only
display the fine breeding and rapid
progress made in the Florida cattle in-
dustry but will become an outstanding
event in the winter tourist program.
Too, the veterans of the Florida cat-
tle industry, who are producers in the
Kissimmee and Ocala areas, are con-
tinuing plans for their annual rodeo in
February. Indications point to a truly
big event with cowboy performances
of the old order with high boots, wide-
brimmed hats, and colored shirts so
loud they'll make a pig squeal. There'll
be plenty of glamour in the forthcom-
ing rodeo events that will lend rivalry
to the Frontier Days celebration way
out West in Arizona because Florida
is fast becoming a "cow country" of na-
tional import. The reasons are marked
well. The use of carpet and Bahia grass
on range land, the practice of planned
breeding involving cross-breeding with
the Brahman, and the adoption of
stream-lined breeding programs are
substantiating reasons for the trem-
endous upswing in Florida's cattle
Recently the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture recommended arti-
ficial insemination as a method of
rapidly spreading the influence of de-
sirable sires through the herd. This
method has proved more effective than
natural breeding in U. S. S. R_ and
Denmark. It holds great possibilities
for Florida.
A great portion of the vast range
area of Florida, formerly termed
"marginal land," is being devoted to
livestock production. In 1938 alone,
58,833 acres of permanent pastures
were established on 582 Florida farms
under the AAA program. In one coun-
ty, Highlands, cattlmen will plant 88,-
000 pounds of carpet grass seed this
fall. Improved farm fences-more ec-
onomical in construction-have also
contributed toward the vast expanse of
cattle raising "away down West in
Remarkable history as glamorous as

the settlement of the wild western
plains by the pioneering cattlemen ac-
companies the story of the rodeo. A
wealth of drama entrenched in color-
ful fiction characterizes the rodeo from
its start in Pecos, Texas, in the fronti-
er days of 1883. Rip-snortin' tales of
cattle rustling when the cattle theives
failed to return home run rampant in
the cow country even to the present
The rodeo is primarily a market
place for fancy stock but tradition has
enriched its significance to include
lariat throwing, horse breaking, riding
wild steers, and milking native long-
horns. Added to such colorful events
are long-skirts for the cow-girls and
cultivated whiskers for the cow-punch-
It will be round-up time in Florida
on a big-time scale when the rodeos
get into swing and justly so because
these gala events will mark the for-
ward march of cattle raising---Florida's
potential major industry.

(Continued from page 12)
that it was disillusionment, poverty
and despair that made the sturdy
German race trade a good constitution
for a dictatorship; the same being true
of Fascism and other totalitarian
states. Hate is after all the back-
ground of these movements. The Com-
munist hates prosperity and ownership
of property, the Nazi has learned to
hate one branch of the human race. A
false leader must give his people some-
thing to hate and thereby hide the
sufferings caused by the loss of free-
dom. A true leader, on the other hand,
must find that which the people can
love. One destroys civilization, the
cther builds for a fuller life. Where
the Grange comes in to combat such

YIPPEE! Round-up Time Comin' To Florida

AGRICULTURAL STUDENTS round up cattle at a recent rodeo on ,he Florida

false leadership is indicated in Mr.
Taber's ringing challenge to the or-
ganization, expressed in these timely
words as he addresses at Peoria the
voting body of the National Grange:-
The need of the hour is to realize
that freedom is not free. Our blessings
and our liberties were purchased by
sweat, suffering and blood, and can
only be preserved in like manner. This
requires a new appreciation of the
problems of citizenship in a democr-
acy. Each of us is as much a sovereign
as some of the rules of the Old World,
except that we must share that sover-
eignty with 130.000,000 other Ameri-
cans. Taking part in school elections,
interest in town and county affairs,
the study of community budget pro-
blems, interest in roads, health, libra-
ries, reading-rooms, recreation, youth
and a host of other activities, may
seem to some unimportant. Rigid at-
tendance at primaries, never failing to
cast a patriotic and intelligent ballot,
are not great acts in themselves, but
the ability to fulfill these every-day
tasks with a sense of responsibility is
the one method of preserving democr-
acy. Closed or destroyed churches,
crushed local institutions, confiscated
property, state-controlled information
and education, and vicious propaganda
are the fruits of careless citizenship in
other lands. This should awaken the
spirit of 1776 so that freedom in ed-
ucation, religion and enterprise may
still function in a materialistic, ma-
chine age.
Again the Grange is pledged to
hearty cooperation with such educat-
ional agencies as the Land Grant
colleges, experiment stations and Ex-
tension Service; the teaching of Home
Economics, the support of 4-H Club
activities and the championship of
vocational education and the Future
Farmers cf America.


November, 1939

Page 14


William Keith Ulmer

Class of '39

His profound faith and ability to get along with his fellowman, his
industriousness as a scholar, his cheerfulness in the face of adversity,
his qualities of honor which made him a true Florida man, endear his
memory to all who knew him.



November, 1939


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November, 1939

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