Title: Florida college farmer
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075980/00030
 Material Information
Title: Florida college farmer
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30cm.
Language: English
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Gainesville
 Subjects
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Apr. 1930)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1960?
Numbering Peculiarities: Suspended with v. 3, no. 5 (May 1932) and resumed with Dec. 1935 issue. Suspended with v. 9, no. 4 (may 1941) and resumed with New series v. 1 (summer 1948).
General Note: Published by Agricultural students at the University of Fla.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075980
Volume ID: VID00030
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01569450
lccn - 55047167

Full Text






Florida

College Farmer


For the


Ag. Student


Published by Agriculture Students at the University of Florida
GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA
DL. VII W AY, 1939 NO. 4


Honorable;Fred P. Cone, Governor of Florida receives a membership of the 7th World's Poultry Congress from President
Billy JohnSon of the Florida Association of Future Farmers of America.
IN THIS ISSUE....


FLORIDA TO CLEVELAND
EXHIBIT WILL FEATURE POULTRY PRODUCTS
Sa n A' S VAST SUGAR RESOURCES


J. Clyde Driggers
Charles Nearpass
Herman L. Close

Z .


_ I___ __


I








THE

Florida State Live Stock

Sanitary Board
invites you to
Buy With Confidence and
PROTECT YOUR FLOCK
by purchasing chicks and hatching eggs from
U. S. Florida Approved Pullorum Tested
Hatcheries and Breeding Flocks


For information and the official list of hatcherymen
and flock owners cooperating in the National Poultry
Improvement Plan write to the State Live Stock Sani-
tary Board, Tallahassee.


PAGE 2


THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


MAY-1939













MAY-I 939 THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER PAGE 3


Editorially Speaking


COORDINATED EFFORT

Great success is attributed to the recent Little Interna-
tional Livestock Show and Rodeo, and rightly so, because
it attracted well over 10,000 people who were thrilled at
the clever acts of skill and precision exhibited by agricul-
tural students in performing the various activities on the
program. The magnitude of the event is the result of per-
sisit.nt cooperative effort among students who are members
of the Block and Bridle Club. This year universal acclaim
.,as accorded the egg show which was put on by the Poul-
try Husbandry Department in cooperation with the Florida
Association of Future Farmers of America. The entire event
has wonderful possibilities of growing into a bigger annual
occasion which will take on unlimited significance, not
only on the campus at the University of Florida but
throughout the State. It can grow into an event which
will equal the Rodeo recently staged by students at Tuscon,
Ar.zona, which was said to be the largest such event ever
put on by a group of college students.
Why not coordinate the effort among the departments
and organizations within the College of Agriculture? Im-
mediately, the question arises: "How"? The writer admits
th.s is a vital problem but let us take a look at what Is
going on within the various department of the College of
Agriculture. Recently a horticultural show was held which
proved to be worthwhile. The Forestry School probably
would like to make an annual exhibit. The poultry Depart-
ment is eager to cooperate in putting on an excellent egg
and poultry show. Other departments want to exhibit the
work that is carried on within their realm.
Why cannot all of this effort among exhibition-minded
organizations and departments be coordinated into one
tremendous annual event? Facilities could be provided
w.th proper planning and cooperation from the eight ex-
isting organizations within the College. Displays, ex-
hibitions, etc., could be made
under tents on the west side
of the stadium. The center of The Florida
attraction would be the rodeo
which could be held in the Published four times
stadium as it was this year. months of November, J
The event could last over a
period of two days and two representatives of student
nights, if necessary. People Agriculture University
from all of Florida and out-
of-state would come to the The
University of Florida for this J. Lester Poucher .......
gala affair. Thomas F. ammett ......
Such a thing can happen
with sufficient cooperative ef- Douglas Bure ...........
fort among every organiza- Margaret Alford ..........
tion and department within Betty Reed .............
the College of Agriculture. A Lee French, Jr. .........
This effort must be coordina- W. Keith Ulmer ..........
ted.


ON THE OUTSIDE
LOOKING IN

Organization has long been
the cry as the sole cure for
the farmers" deplorable chaos
If the example shown by
farm students in the College
of Agriculture is any criter-
ion of sufficient organization
among farmers, this problem
is well on the road to "per-
manent recovery." At the pre-
sent time, in the knowledge
of the writer, their exist eight
separate and distinct organi-
zationS within the College of


Co

duri
anua
it or
of F
e Bo


Harolda arrest ................

Departmental

Walter Badger, Eugene A. Boyle
P. Ellis, W. Earl Faircloth, Ler
Charles Jamison, Sturgeon
Russell C. Peeples, C

Faculty Advisor
C. H. Willoughby ............
Charles E. Abbott .............
Application filed for entrance t
at the Post Office at University Stat
her 8, 1938, under act of Congress
Subscription Price


Agriculture, each endeavoring to perform certain functions
within its own province.
Great agitation has arisen for a methodical plan of co-
ordinating the activities of this tremendous number of or-
ganizations and clubs. A special committee has been ap-
pointed by the Agricultural College Council to peer into the
matter and make recommendations for action. Some have
gone so far as to suggest elimination of certain clubs.
Frankly, whoever suggested the latter is merely groping in
the dark with ideas that are causing his head to swim.
There exists not one organization within the College of
Agriculture which is not designed for a purpose, a profes-
sional purpose.
With unprecedented progress in agricultural education
and research and with the range of the agricultural cur-
riculum being ramifiel into ten or more majors, is it any
wonder that there exist certain professional groups within
each realm of study? These organizations are professional,
many have state and national charters. It is absurd to
think of attempting to wipe out, completely demolish, any
of them. Such agitation in itself blocks the way of coopera-
tion among the groups. Elimination is not the problem.
Whoever considers it to be is remarkably ignorant of the
actual situation. The vital problem is not elimination of any
of the organized groups--it is simply coordination of their
activities. The committee appointed by the Agricultural
College Council has a tremendous task which will require
much intelligent thought and tactfully directed effort.

CACKLES ARE HEARD

With 15 acres of land, a new building with laboratory
facilities, some foundation stock, and a progressive attitude
on the part of its Head, the Poultry Division of the College
of Agriculture has manifested its significance by leaps and
bounds since its creation in
1936. Designed to render ser-
llege Farmer vice to the poultry producers
of the state, this work is car-
ng the school year in the ried on in three fields which
y, are teaching, research, and
ry, March, and May by extension. The building of the
ganizations, College of new laboratory has greatly
lorida. augmented the activities of
the Poultry Division since it
ard provides increased facilities
.................... Editor and conveniences. The plant
consists of 5 experimental
.......... Managing Editor
houses, 4 brooder houses, feed
........... Associate Editor building, 8 summer shelters,
..... Home-Making Editor and the main laboratory bui-
..... Home-Making Editor Iding which is used for offic-
......... Business Manager es, research, and class rooms.
...... Advertising Manager Poultry research projects
...... Circulation Manager under experiment at the pre-
sent time are citrus meal for
Assistants poultry feed; Vitamin A con-
tent of shark liver oil; poultry
s, Kenneth A. Clark, Arthur breeding; use of various cal-
y ortner, J. Hickman, iu products in poultry feed
y Fortner, Hickman, ing; methods of feeding
lothe, Horace McKinney, grain; statistical study of egg
harles W. Wincey. production; various levels of
skim milk in growing rations;
y Committee holding and turning hatching
eggs, and other egg studies.
................. Chairman The poultry program is deve-
......... J. Francis Cooper loped in cooperation with the
Nutritional and Veterinary
o second class mailing matter Divisions of the College and
tlon, Gainesville. Florida, Decem- d nd t t in-
of 1879. demands of the poultry in-
e, Fifty Cents dustry of the State.
(Continued on page 16)


THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


PAGE 3


MAY-1939












THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


FLORIDA TO CLEVELAND


By J. Clyde Driggers
The Florida poultry industry is glee-
fully "crowing" over its participation
in the Seventh World's Poultry Con-
gress and Exposition, and it certainly
has a right to do so because it has
such a major part in that interna-
tionally organized objective.
First of all, let use consider the items
of general interest concerning the
World's Poultry Congress to be held
July 28 August 7 at Cleveland. Ohio,
which makes it so advantageous for us
to participate.
The World's Poultry Congress and
Exposition is really a meeting of the
World's Poultry Science Association
which is held every three years. This
will be the seventh such meeting and
the first ever to be held in the United
States. The previous meetings were
held in Holland, Spain, Canada, Eng-
land, Italy and Germany.
Anyone who wishes to do so may at-
tend the Congress because there will
be something to attract everyone who
has the slightest interest in the poul-
try industry, and there will be exhibits
and entertainment features which will
be attractive to anyone whether he
makes his living from poultry or not;
hence, spectators from everywhere in
the United States and foreign coun-
tries as well as the official delegates
for the scientific meetings are expect-
ed.
Feature Exhibits.
Twenty acres of floor space in Cleve-
land's public auditorium and in several
buildings left from her Lake Erie Ex-
position in 1936 and 1937 will be filled
with meetings and exhibits. One build-
ing will be known as the Hall of Na-
tions and States. and one entire end
of this same building will be occupied
by an exhibit of the United States De-
partment of Agriculture. Also in this
building will be exhibits of the indivi-
dual states and those from foreign
countries. Florida will have next to the
largest exhibit space of any state to
advertise the advantages fo "The sun-
shine State" for poultry production.
There is another building, the Hall
of Live Poultry, that will contain one
division which is entirely competitive.
In another division, birds from fore-
ign countries will be exhibited. Chile
is scheduled to bring hens that lay
blue eggs; Japan, birds with tails as
long as 17 feet; and Peru, chickens
which have no feathers at all. Of
course there will be definite pens of
-each standard breed and variety of
chickens, and American pigeon fanci-
ers have agreed to show specimens of
more than 200 types of pigeons.
The Hall of Industry will include
everything that it takes to produce
and handle poultry all the way from
the hen's nest to the egg beater used
to mix the cake. Numerous industries


Chairman of the Florida State Com-
mittee for the Seventh World's Poul-
1ry Congress.


will have cooperative exhibits to ex-
plain the service they render to the
poultry industry, and these will not
sell any particular brands of products
but will serve as an educational ex-
hibit for the whole group.
A special committee has the task of
forming an exhibit to trace the line-
age of modern poultry all the way
from jungle fowl to the modern hen,
showing where each breed branches
from the main line.
Youth by no means will be neglect-
ed, because there is a special building
designated as the Hall of Youth where
Boy Scouts, Future Farmers of Ameri-
ca, 4-H Clubs, and other groups will
provide demonstration and education-
al features from the standpoint of
young people.
Congress Memberships.
Of course there is the matter of
financing such an enterprise as this,
and the -details have been so arranged
that the entire Exposition will be in-
expensive. Admission to all of the
buildings mentioned above and the
popular sessions will be fifty cents per
day. Everyone who expects to attend,
however, has the opportunity now of
buying a ticket good for the entire
eleven days for only $1.00. These are
called "affiliate memberships," 500,000
of which are to be sold this year. There
are also other classes of memberships
which are more exclusive. For example,
there is a "full Congress membership"
for $7.50 that is available to those who
plan to attend the scientific and ed-
ucational group sessions and who want
to receive the printed reports of these


sessions, receive a copy of the official
catalog, and participate in certain
tours, banquets, and general activities
of the Congress. Wives and relatives
of full Congress members in attendan-
ce may have all of these privileges for
only $3.00. An "associate member-
ship" for $5.00 is offered to those who
are unable to attend the Congress but
who desire to be associated with it and
receive the printed reports of the pro-
ceedings of the scientific and educa
tional meetings.
Seven cardinal objectives have been
outlined for the Congress and Exposi-
tion which may be briefly stated as
to stimulate interest in world poultry
affairs and to promote friendly inter-
national relations by bringing together
those interested in various phases of
this industry from all parts of the
world; to pool the best and most re-
cent knowledge concerning the various
aspects of the poultry industry in all
parts of the world; to encourage the
development of scientific research
work and education in connection with
the production and marketing of poul-
try products; to encourage, through
displays on an international basis of
purebred poultry, the improvement of
poultry stocks in all countries; to il-
lustrate, by governmental and indust-
rial exhibits, important phases and
progress of the world's poultry indus-
try; to encourage, through appropriate
measures, the demand for the pro-
ducts of the poultry industry; and to
afford an opportunity for poultrymen
of the world to visit various units of
the industry and points of historic and
scenic interest in the United States as
well as the World's Fairs being held
at New York, N. Y., and San Fran-
scisco, California.
Florida's Committee
In order to accomplish the objectiv-
es as outlined for the World's Poultry
Congress and Exposition it was fore-
seen that each state and nation as
component parts had to be organized
in order to work efficiently, and as a
result of that the Florida World's
poultry Congress Committee was ap-
pcinted in 1938 and began work im-
mediately.
Honorary officers of the committee
that were appointed are: Chairman,
Honorable Fred P. Cone, Governor of
Florida, Tallahassee; Vice-Chairman,
Honorable Nathan Mayo, Commission-
er of Agriculture, Tallahassee; Vice-
Chairman, Dr. Wilmon Newell, Pro-
vost for Agriculture at the University
of Florida, Gainesville; and Vice-
Chairman, Mr. Earl W. Brown, Past
President of the American Poultry As-
sociation of Florida, DeLand.
The active officers have as their
Chairman, Professor Norman R. Me-
hrhof, who has excelled in this capa-
city. Professor Mehrhof is Senior
(Continued on page 18)


MAY-1939


PAGE 4















Florida's Vast Sugar Resources Being Developed

By Herman Close, '39


Have you ever stopped to consider
Lhe true meaning of the word "Ever-
glades' ? Our maps designate this area
as swampy lands which naturally leads
us to believe it to be a place of cypress
ponds with Spanish moss flowing from
hne trees and most of the ground over-
spread with water and exotically in-
habited with giant snakes and alliga-
tors. This is not a very good picture
LO present to Lhe public. Since this is
a misleading impression, we should
pause to analyse the word "Ever-
glades." We find that its true meaning
is "glade forever," and this is exactly
what it is, a glade as far as the eye
can see. Without a proper conception
of the nature of the Everglades it is
no wonder that people are not more
interested in this, the largest and most
fertile area not only in the State of
Florida, but probably in the entire
world.
If you 'will take the time to make a
trip or do a little reading you will dis-
cover that the Everglades are very
different from what it is generally
thought to be. Starting at Okeechobee
City, on the northwestern shore of
Lake Okeechobee you will find vege-
tables grown in large quantities. Tray-
eling south down the eastern shore of
the Lake to Canal Point, where the
sugar cane plantings start, and con-
tinuing around the southern and west-
erly shores to Moore Haven, one is
impressed with the enormous agricul-
tural possibilities o f this section.
Throughout this region vast areas are
planted to winter vegetables. These
plantings extend a great distance from
the Lake. Sugar cane is the most im-
portant of all the crops produced in
this area. From the Everglades go
forth each winter enormous quantities
of fresh vegetables, beans, tomatoes,
cabbage, green peppers, egg plants,
celery, and others. Because of the great
f utility of the soil, the growers in the
Everglades are able to produce vege-
tables at comparatively low cost.
The properties of United States
Sugar Corporation extend intermit-
tently from Moore Haven, on the west-
erly shores of the lake, to a point a
few miles north of Canal Point, on the
eastern shores of Lake Okeechobee.
United States Sugar Corporation owns
and operates at Clewiston the largest
raw sugar house in the United States.
The harvest and grinding operations
of the Corporation for the 1938-39
crop ended in April of this year after
a season of almost six months. Offici-
als of the Corporation state that a
harvest season from seven to seven
and one half months each year is fea-
sible. United States Su ar Corporation
has under cultivation approximately
25,000 acres of sugar cane. Independ-
ent growers in the area have under
cultivation approximately 1,700 acres


of sugar cane, which is sold to United
States Sugar Corporation for grind ng
in the large Clewiston mill. The harv-
est just ended produced 805,500 tons
of cane, with a yield in excess of 85,000
tons of raw sugar and approximately
5,000,000 gallons of blackstrap molasses
The Florida Everglades is an area of
approximately 4,700,000 acres. Of this
vast area earlier surveys showed that
there were approximately 2,000,000 ac-
res of muck soil. It is upon the rich
muck lands that bst results are ob-
tained in sugar cane culture United
States Sugar Corporation, during the
harvest recently completed, produced
in excess of 4 tons of sugar per acre
of land. Thus, we can readily compute


that the Everglades is a potential
source of supply for very nearly the
entire sugar needs of our nation.
The results obtained by United
States Sugar Corporation indicate the
highest yield of sugar per acre year of
)ny area supplying the United States
market and at the same time produc-
ing cane sugar at the lowest costs of
any area supplying our sugar needs.
It is true that in some other areas.
Hawaii, notably, a higher percentage
of sugar may be obtained from the
juices, however, because of the high
fertility of the Everglades muck soils
and the resultant heavy tonnage of
cane per acre, the cane sugar producer
(Continued on page 12)


"WHERE THE TALL CANE GROWS"


MAY-1939


THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


PAGE 5















Exhibit Will Feature Poultry Products


By D. CHARLES NEARPASS
At the World's Poultry Congress, to
be held in Cleveland, Ohio, July 28 to
August 7, 1939, those individuals and
organizations interested in poultry
production, processing and marketing.
have planned the greatest exhibition
of poultry, poultry products, equip-
ment and poultry methods that the in-
dustry has ever attempted. This great
event which is international in scope,
will be the greatest world-wide poultry
event in history, and will be participa-
ted in by 60 nations and 30 states, and
by all those industries interested in
poultry culture, processing and mark-
eting.
Here the producer, the processor and
the consumer will be brought together
in order that the consumer may be
educated in the steps of poultry pro-
duction from the nest to the table,
and educated in new ways of using
poultry and eggs. The producer will
learn of the problems that confront
those who take his products from the
farm and handle them until they reach
the consumer's table. The processor
will fit his equipment and his selling
methods to handle the world's output
of poultry and eggs, designing new
equipment and new methods to handle
the poultry and eggs as produced in
the future.
Florida, with its sub-tropical climate
and its beckoning hand to new busi-
ness and new people has in this Worlds
Poultry Congress the greatest oppor-
tunity ever offered our state to ad-
vance the interests of our poultry in-
dustry and to bring new dollars and
new people into Florida. The attend-
ance will in all probability be in excess
of one million people. Every visitor is
a potential Florida breeder of the
future, or consumer of our poultry
and poultry products. By means of
this display we can abolish the myth
that Florida is not climatically, geo-
graphically or from the standpoint of
food production suited to poultry pro-
duction. It also offers the opportunity
of an advanced adult education to
those from Florida engaged in poultry
culture who will attend, because of the
demonstrations, displays and lectures
which will bring to the front the lat-
,est and most advanced methods of
production and marketing, those feat-
ures that mean more dollars in the
pocketbooks of the poultry breeder's
family.
The poultry industry of Florida, al-
ways ready to bring the advantages of
Florida's climate and sunshine to the
public in general and to prospective
poultry processors and marketers in
particular, have planned an exhibit at
this great world-wide exhibition that
should be surpassed by no other ex-
hibit at the Congress.
The display as planned by the state
will be instructive, educational and


interesting to all those who stop to
admire.
Certainly Florida's exhibit will be
large in scope. It will use three of the
standard 20' units, giving an aisle
frontage of 60 feet, equalled in size
by only one other state exhibit. The
exhibit itself will be a scene in Florida
with its sunshine, blue skies, pine,
palm and orange trees, all permeated
with the odor of orange blossoms.
The background will be a Florida
poultry range, in a familiar setting of
pine and palmettto. On the range will
be a number of range houses, typical
of the low-cost yet attractive poultry
housing that is used in the state.
Scattered among the trees and range
houses will be a flock of White Leg-
horn pullets, alert and active.
Set into the background will be four
of those beautiful miniature, three
dimensional dioramas that have char-
acter.z d Florida's state exhibits at
the recent great fairs and exhibitions.
These dioramas are built to scale and
are truly marvelous works of the craft-
man's art. Without a doubt, thousands
of people will admire the natural and
life-like reproductions that will be
portrayed in these dioramas. One will
show the Florida National Egg Laying
Contest, how it is arranged, and the
typical Florida scenery in which it is
located. The others will be scenes
from poultry farms of the state and
will be representatives of the beauty
of Florida.
Not only the beauty of the state will
be presented but the products which
Florida's industry has made available
to consumer and producer alike will
have their place. Two large show cases
will show the products. One will con-
tain poultry and eggs prepared by
Florida producers end processors.
These products will be attractively pre-
pared and arranged to catch the eye of
the passerby and make him or her
want to eat more poultry products.
The other show case will contain those
products of industries associated with
poultry production which are produc-
ed in the state. Among these are oy-
ster, clam and coquina shells, all found
to be high in calcium so necessary for
the production of strong egg shells;
fish meal, a high protein supplement,
necessary for high egg production;
citrus meal, a by-product of Florida's
citrus industry which has been found
to be of value in the poultry ration;
shark liver oil, a vitamin concentrate
of greater potency than cod liver oil;
and charcoal, found to be relished by
the hen and of value in maintaining
her health.
Besides the cages of poultry products
there will be two cages of live birds, in
one a pair of Rhode Island Reds, in
the other a pair of White Leghorns.
The birds that will go into these cages
will be fine birds, high in standard


and production qualities and will dd
animation to the scene. It is needless
to say that the chickens in these cag.es
will be Florida-bred poultry.
In order to supply information easily
and simply to the visitors, five illum-
inated plaques will be displayed. They
will shcw the advantages of poultry in
Florida, the benefits of climate, sun-
shine, low-cost housing and accessible
markets; the development of the in-
dustry within the state, including the
number and value of chickens and
eggs produced; the records of the Flor-
ida National Egg Laying Contest, the
agency most responsible for the work
in improving the productive capacity
of Florida's hens and with that Im-
provement an increase in the profits
of the poultrymen, the work being
done by all the state agencies doing
poultry work; the extension and ex-
perimental work being done by the
Un.versity of Florida in its endeavor
to make poultry culture more profi-
table to Florida Agriculture.
Perhaps the most interesting part
of the exhibit and one section that
will receive a great deal of attention
will be the centerpiece. In the direct
center will be pyramided eggs. Not
just any old kind of eggs thrown down
haphazardly but the finest eggs ob-
tainable on Florida poultry farms. Al-
ternating rows of white and brown
eggs will be formed into a pyramid
and at the top will sit four bantam
hens. These hens will have been
mounted by a nationally famous taxi-
dermist and will, for the benefit of the
visitors, discuss audibly by means of
modern radio amplification the ad-
vantages of Florida's sunshine and
climate, the advantages of Florida as
a place to live and engage in the ec-
onomic production of poultry, all this
as they are gathered around q table.
apparently engaged in a lively game
of bridge.
In order that the visitor may carry
away with him authentic information
in condensed form, arrangements are
be ng made with the "Florida Poultry-
man" for a special -edition, partially in
colors, that should be further reach-
ing in effective results than would be
the average advertising folder that
will be used by other states.
The credit for the design, construct-
ion and operation of this exhibit must
go to Mr. E. W. Brown of DcLand,
past president of American Poultry
Association of Florida, past director of
American Poultry Association, and a
sincere poultry booster. Mr. Brown has
been in charge of Florida's exhibits at
the Chicago World's Fair, acclaimed
by many as the finest exhibit of the
Exposition and is the director of the
State's exhibit at the New York Worlds
Fair. The State of Florida is indeed
fortunate in having a man of Mr.
(Continued on page 16)


THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


MAY-1939


PAGE 6















State President Grows Into Farming


By J. F. WILLIAMS, JR.
State F. F. A. Adviser
Billy Johnson, State President of the
Florida Association of F. F. A., is a
good example of how a boy can grow
into a farming program through his
project work.
Billy enrolled in the 8th grade agri-
cultural School, Gonzalez, Florida in
1935. Since it was required that each
student have a project, Billy chose as
his, two acres of snap beans on which
he made a profit of $27.40. The follow-
ing year, 1936, Billy entered the 9th
grade agricultural class and through a
process of orientation during which
time he learned that there were dif-
ferent types of farming that one could
choose, and he decided that he pre-
ferred poultry farming.
Accordingly, he purchased 60, seven
week old White Leghorn pullets, and
his records show that for the year he
made a profit of $12.45 on this enter-
prise through an increase in inventory
value, since the pullets were kept as
laying hens for the next year's pro-
ject. In 1937 he had 50 laying hens
from the 60 pullets of the previous
year on which he realized a profit of
$101.86. He built a tile laying house
and bought 400 baby chicks from


which he raised pullets to increase his
flock for the following year. He also
bought 100 baby chicks for fryers,
mainly to try out a new brooder he had
built, but he lost 92c on the fryers
while he made a profit of $22.70 on
the pullet project. This same year he
planted three acres of corn which
worked in very nicely with his poultry
program and on which he made a pro-
fit of $61.53.
In 1938, Billy had on hand 200 lay-
ing hens which showed a profit at the
end of the year of $315.16. He bought
650 chicks for pullets, and this invest-
ment realized a profit of $222.07. Billy
was not discouraged by his failure to
make a profit on the fryers bought
the year before, so he bought 200
chicks for fryers and this time he
made a profit of $43.50. This same yera
1938, he grew 5 acres of corn and made
a profit of $59.12.
By the end of 1938, Billy had com-
pleted three years of high school agri-
culture with all the credits that he
could use toward graduation, but this
did not keep him from continuing in
vocational agriculture. He enrolled a-
gain in 1938-39 and for his project
during the current year he has 375
hens, 500 chicks for pullets, 300 chicks


J. F. WILLIAMS, JIS


for fryers, 5 acres of corn, 2 sows, 2
dairy heifers, and 2 acres of Austrian
Winter peas. He has had a very suc-
cessful year up to date on his entire
project program, but since the records
are not yet complete the exact profit
is not known. Indications are that it
(Continued on page 15)


FUTURE FARMERS EXHIBIT EGGS AT RODEO


The first annual cgg show sponsored b. t.he Florida .Asocialion of Future Farmers of America in cooperation ill.h the Poultry
Husband.r Deparlment at the University of Florida. The show was an even of the annual rodeo and was proclaimed to be the
largest in the South.


MAY-1939


THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


PAGE 7














PAGE 8T


To Attend Convention


AFR-

:"i


TO JUDGE AT WORLD'S POULTRY CONGRESS


Robert Romack, Editor of the AMERI-
CAN FARM YOUTH magazine, Dan-
ville, Illinois, will visit the University
of Florida campus at the time of the
State Convention of Future Farmers of
America, June 20,23.


WINNER


Earl Faircloth, agricultural college
freshman, is the recipient of the fresh-
man Danforth award from the Univ-
ersity of Florida. The award carries
with it a two-weeks camping trip at
the American Youth Foundation Camp,
Shelby, Michigan. Earl's selection was
based on physical, mental, social, and
religious development as related to at-
tending leadership. He is the past-
president of the State Association,
Future Farmers of America.


Left to right: Professor N. R. Mehrhof, Charles Nearpass, John Tilghman,
Charles Jamison, Franklin Perry, Professor O. W. Anderson, Jr.


Collegiate Poultry Judging
Team At Cleveland

By John Q. Tilgham, Jr.
Shortly after classes began last fall,
Professor N. R. Mehrhof of the Poul-
try Department informed the poultry
judging class that the College of Ag-
riculture would be represented at the
7th World's Poultry Congress and Ex-
position by a 3-man collegiate poultry
judging team. The Congress' attract-
ions will include various youth acti-
vities of which collegiate judging i
one.
Immediately, the class inaugurated
an extensive practice of exhibition and
production judging under the direction
of Instructor O. W. Anderson. In the
process of training, visits were made
to the DeSoto Exposition in Tampa,
Central Florida Exposition in Orlando,
Lake County Fair in Eustis, and the
Pinellas County Fair in Largo. During
each visit, competitive judging consist-
ed of placing various breeds and classes
of exhibition poultry and studying
these breeds and classes for their
characteristics. Other than these visits
to the fairs and expositions in various
parts of the state, training was carried
on regularly on the University poultry
farm.
At the close of the first semester the
four highest scoring members of the
class were designated. These four stud-
ents have been undergoing rigid train-
ing on the University farm in the
judging of live market chickens and
selecting breeding chickens. Recently,
a trip to Jacksonville was made and
very necessary instructions were re-
ceived on judging live market chickens
and grading dressed market chickens.
Another such trip is planned for fur-
ther training along these lines.
The team attending the Congress
will be competing against 47 other


state teams. There will be four divis-
ions of the judging contests and each
collegiate team will be required to
judge all four.
These divisions are as follows: judg-
ing for breed and variety characteris-
tics; selecting breeding chickens; judg-
ing live market chickens; and grading
dressed market chickens. It has been
the purpose of all the judging trips
within the state and on the University
farm to thoroughly train the prospec-
tive team members in the work out-
lined above.
The 3-man team, accompanied by
Professors Mehrhof and Anderson, will
leave for Cleveland on July 25.

W lliston-The Williston and Bron-
son chapters, under the direction of
G. W. Pryor, have succeeded in clos-
ing an area of 8,480 acres of land in
Levy County for the purpose of estab-
lishing breeding grounds for game
birds, animals and fur bearing ani-
mals. This closed reservation is to be
restocked with quail, chucks, partridg-
es, and other birds which will multi-
rly in such numbers that they may be
trapped by the proper authorities and
used to restock any farm in the com-
munity.

Tallahassee-Several west Florida
chapters apparently have taken the
lead in originating plans for raising
funds with which to sponsor the an-
nual Father-Son banquets to be given
by the various chapters throughout the
state this spring. The Chipley Chapter
has purchased 600 pounds of mineral
mixture to sell; the Vernon Chapter
has a "Birtrday Method." When a
member has a birthday he contributes
one cent for each year of his age and
c-ch other member contributes one
cent also; the Bethlehem Chapter net-
ted a neat profit when they sponsored
the play, "Treasure Farm."


PAGE 8


MAY-1939


THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER











9THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


S


4-H CLUBS


S


Florida 4-H Clubs Will Be Represented At Exposition


By FRANKLIN S. PERRY
On July 28 the gates to the great
Hall of Youth at the Cleveland Ex-
position will swing open and thousands
of boys and girls from all corners of
the United States and dozens of fore-
ign countries will stream into that en-
ormous structure that has been reserv-
ed for the poultry mnided youth of
the nations. Somewhere in this throng
will be three persons, two boys and a
girl, from Florida. This is the Florida
4-H club judging team. They have
been carefully selected from over a
thousand 4-H club members and are
believed by their leaders to be the best
fitted, most competent poultry judges
in the Florida 4-H organization.
The requirements that this trio had
to meet were formidable. They had to
have two years of poultry work in their
4-H club. They were required to have
a complete record of their activities
for the past two years. They also had
to exhibit both poultry and eggs in
their respective county fairs. And last
and most important they were judged
on their ability as judges of poultry
and eggs at the Annual 4-H Poultry
and Egg Show at Orlando, Florida.
One of the members of this team
is George Macy from Pine Castle, who
was directed in his study of poultry


GEORGE MACY,
4-H Poultryman from Pine Castle


FRANCES BROOME,
4-H Member from Orlando


judging by county agent, K. C. Mioore,
This lad has been in 4-H club work
s.nce 1934, and during this time he has
learned that chicken raising is a pro-
fitable as well as an enjoyable oc-
cupation. In 1938 he earned $67.84
profit from 100 New Hampshire hens.
This year he is continuing his project
with 200 additional layers. He will,
wth the -experience and technique
gained in the past four years, be very
successful with this flock and his fu-
ture poultry work.
Another member of the team is
Frances Broome of Orlando, whose
club leader and practical adviser was
Mrs. Nellie W. Taylor, who has for 23
years served as home demonstration
agent of Orange County. Frances has
been a club member for eight years
During this time she has raised three
breeds of chickens; namely, White
Leghorns, Black Minorcas, and Rhode
Island Reds. She has been a member
of the Orange County Girl's Poultry
Judging Team since 1937. In 1939 she
won highest honors in individual judg-
ing. Naturally, problems have arisen
in her work but she has solved and
overcome these difficulties. One can
readily understand that this is true
when we look at her records and see
that she has won prizes in connection


with her 4-H club projects that total
$184.00 while the value and profit of
her work amounts to $1,600.00.
The remaining member of the team
is Houston M.eans of Fort White, who
was trained for the judging contest
under the direction of Miss Ruth
Durrenberger. Miss Durrenberger is a
former 4-H club girl who also was
directed in her activities by Mrs. Tay-
lor. Houston has been an active 4-H
club member since 1935. In 1937 he
began his poultry project with 300
White Leghorn and 25 Orpington
chicks. In 1938 he won a total of five
prizes in exhibition of live poultry and
eggs at several county fairs. In 1939
he won first, second,ythird, fourth and
fifth places with iiv' Orpington hens
at the Orlando Fair. He is at present
keeping records on 1,000 White Leg-
horn chicks.
Each member of this team is out-
standing as a leader in his club and a
worker in his projects. They are the
best that Florida 4-H'ers have to of-
fer, and we know that the records they
make in their judging contests at the
Seventh World's Poultry Congress will
make their respective communities as
well as the entire state proud that
they are representatives of Florida.
"HEAD, HAND,
HEART, HEALTH"


HOUSTON MEANS,
4-H'er from Fort White


MAY-1939


THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


PAr1F7 Q


F








DAr,, V 1THE FL.RIDA COLLE- E FARMERv


CONGRA TULA TIONS


TO THE FLORIDA POULTRY INDUSTRY

and the


FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER

for their participation in the 7th World's Poultry
Congress.


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TWE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


MAY-1939


PArr 10











_THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


.p3 FUTURE FARMERS



OF AMERICA





Future Farmers Groom For Cleveland Contest


By JOHN FOLKS,
State F. F. A. Reporter

Three members of the Florida As-
sociation of Future Farmers of Ameri-
ca will represent their home State in
ihe national poultry judging contest
which will be held in conjunction with
the 7th World's Poultry Congress and
Exposition in Cleveland, July 28 Aug-
ust 7. Competing teams from every
chartered state association of F. F. A.
will engage in the contest. Therefore,
much credit is. due the three Florida
boys who have been selected to "bring
home the bacon." The team is compos-
ed of Norris Boney, Fort Meade; Billy
Clark, Havana, Fla.; Newton Metzger,
Lochloose. These boys wsre selected by
an elimination contest at the state
poultry judging contest recently held
in Tampa.
Norris Boney, 16 year old Future
Farmer from Fort Meade, is a Fresh-
man in high school and has shown his
interest in poultry work as evidenced
by his comprehensive project program
which he has developed under the sup-
ervision of his agriculture teacher, Mr.
J. F. Higgins. Norris has been succes-
sful in raising his chicks in home-
made brooder houses which he built
himself. At the present time, he has
increased his flock to 200 White Leg-
horn pullets and 4 head of turkeys for
breeding stock. In addition to his
poultry, he includes in his farming pro-
gram cow peas, peanuts and truck
garden. His brooder house is a four
compartment arrangement, 7'x6, with
floors of hardware cloth. It has four
outside doors, lantern and tub heating
equipment. He has under construction
a sanitary hen house to be used in
caring for pullets raised out this spring
The house is being built by the plan
for sanitary hen houses recommended
in the Florida State Poultry Bulletin
No. 77. He sells fat cockerels to a local
market.
Billie Clark, another member of the
"crack" judging team, hails from the
Havana F. F. A. Chapter. Billie is also
a high school freshman and has done
considerable work toward expanding
his poultry program. His present farm-
ing program includes 60 White Leg-
horn layers, 200 R. I. R. baby chicks
for fryers, 300 sexed White Leghorns
for pullets. He also has one-half acre
of corn. Billie plans to take the parti-


-- -r -I _"


NEWTON METZGER,
Member of the Hawthorne F. F. A
Chapter.

tion out of an old dry cleaning plant
that is owned by his father to use as
brooder house for his baby chicks.
Next year, he plans to further enlarge
this house so that he can take care of
500 to 700 baby chicks. He built a
brick brooder in connection with the
raising of his chicks. He has under
construction a 22'x30' laying house
which will be completed in time to
house his White Leghorn pullets.
Newton Metzger, member of the
Hawthorne F. F. A. Chapter, will
round out the 3-man team. Newton is
16 years old and has had two years of
vocational agriculture. Besides being
a straight-A scholar, he certainly has
demonstrated his ability to farm by
developing an outstanding farming
program. He has 150 head of White
Leghorn pullets, 100 head of baby
chicks, 20 head of Barred Rock hens,
1 dairy cow, and 1 acre of lima beans.
Newton has built his own brooding
equipment and has under construction
a laying house which will accommodate
his spring pullets. His fat cockerels
are sold locally. Newton's teacher and
F. F. A. Adviser, Mr. B. K. Wheeler,
has assisted in guiding his program.
Mr. Wheeler is the Master Teacher for
the district.


Member
Chapter.


NORRIS BONEY,
of the Ft. Meade F. F. A.


BILL CLARK,
Future Farmer from Havana.


MAY-1939


THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


PAGE 11












PAGE 12THFLRDCOLGFAMRAY99


Florida's Vast Sugar Re-
sources Being Developed
(Continued from page 5)
of the Everglades has a much higher
per acre-year sugar production.
The excellent results obtained by
United States Sugar Corportation and
the independent cane growers in the
Everglades are made possible because
of extensive research and experimental
work in the development of cane vari-
eties ideally suited to the area. Furth-
ermore, the continuing efforts in this
direction in a constant study tor im-
provement in agricultural methods and
improvement in drainage and water
control operations, point to even great-
er results than have been achieved
thus far. At the present time practical-
ly all of the sugar cane grown in the
Everglades is from varieties which
were developed by United States Sugar
Corporation in its own Research De-
partment.
Although the Everglades cane sugar
producers claim the lowest costs of
any area supplying continental Unit-
ed States market with this commodity,
they are also at the same time far out
in front from the standpoint of high
wages paid to the workers. The aver-
age earnings of the workers in the
Everglades sugar industry are probably
higher than in any agricultural en-
terprise anywhere else in the entire
world. The field workers of United
States Sugar Corporation reach a peak
of approximately 4,000 during the
harvest season. The average daily cash
earnings of a cane cutter is somewhere
around $2.50, with large numbers of
these workers running consistently
between $3.00 and $3.50 per day thro-
ughout the harvest season. In addition
to these cash earnings, these workers
are given free housing in the plantat-
ion villages, free medical and hospital
attention, schools and churches for
their children and families and like-
wise enjoy the benefits of a well dir-
ected recreational program, including
many outdoor and indoor activities,
some of the outdoor activities being
baseball games, track meets, boxing
matches, etc. Moving pictures are
shown in each village not less than
once each week. The workers are like-
wise provided space for vegetable
gardens and chicken runs in the plan-
tation villages. In addition to these
perquisites, all employees of United
States Sugar Corporation are privileg-
ed to buy their staple needs through
company operated commissaries in
which merchandise is sold to them at
cost. It was stated by one of the of-
ficials of the Corporation that during
the preceding fiscal year approximate-
ly one-half million dollars worth of
gross business was done in the com-
missaries with a net loss for the year
of approximately $7,000.00
Plans have been made to form a
Sugar Cane Growers Cooperative As-
sociation. It is learned that such plans,
when completed, would include the
construction of a Sugar House having


World's Poultry Congress Comes

to the U. S. A. for the First Time


The World's Poultry Congress which meets every third year comes
to Cleveland, Ohio, July 28 to August 7, 1939. This is the first meeting
ever held in the United States and probably those active in the poultry
industry will all be gone before it comes back again. About 60 nations
usually participate in the Congress. Every operation in the industry
from nest to table will be shown. Every known breed of fowl will be on
display. Scientists from all parts of the world will participate. Over 20
acres under roof will be utilized to house the exhibits. The building upper
left in the above picture is the Hall of Youth for the junior activities. Also
is shown the Cleveland Public Auditorium, exterior and interior, where
many meetings will be held and where part of the exhibit will be housed.
The two visitors shown are a Polish fowl and a Japanese long tailed
chicken. A membership costing only $1.00 entitles the visitor to attend
eleven days of this Congress. These memberships must be bought in
advance.


a daily grinding capacity of 6,000 tons
of sugar cane. This would require ad-
ditional sugar cane plantings of ap-
proximately 30,000 acres and would
give direct employment in the fields,
transportation division, maintenance
shops, the Sugar House and Adminis-
trative force of over 5,000 people. It
would likewise give indirect employ-
ment to many merchants and suppli-
ers of at least one-half again the
number who would obtain direct em-
ployment.
All of the above being true, why
don't we go ahead and make this land
of milk and honey a solution to Flor-
ida's economic and unemployment
problems? The answer to this can be
found in the words "Federal restrict-
ions." The Federal Government limits
Florida to less than 1 per cent of the
Nation's annual requirements of sugar.
When we consider that more than 70
percent of our sugar needs from


offshore areas and foreign countries,
the attitude of our Federal Govern-
ment in prohibiting the further pro-
duction of sugar, a basic non-surplus
commodity and a vital war-time nec-
ess.ty, in continental United States,
becomes very perplexing. Why must
we in Florida suffer conditions of un-
en ployment among our own people for
the sake of extending economic relief
to people in countries and in areas
where virtual peonage is practiced? If
we are interested in improving the na-
tional economy, surely there is no
single instance in our national scene
today which provides a better oppor-
tunity for such improvement. Sugar is
a non-surplus commodity. The means
of producing some of our needs of that
commodity are immediately available
in the Florida Everglades, an area in
,h ch sugar can be produced cheaper
than in any other spot now supplying
our sugar requirements.


PAGE 12


MAY-1939


THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER









MAY-1939 THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


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THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


PAGE 13


MAY-1939













PAGE 14


4-H GROUP WILL ATTEND NATIONAL
CLUB CAMP ON JUNE 15th-21st


By EUGENE BOYLES
A quartet of 4-H club members from
Jackson, Dade, Pasco and Escambia
counties has just been chosen by the
State Agricultural Extension Service to
represent Florida at the National Club
Camp in Washington June 15-21.
Winners of this free trip, judged on
their records to be outstanding among
the 15,000 rural boys and girls en-
rolled in 4-H clubs directed by county
and home demonstration agents, are
Misses Dorcus Stone of Jackson and
Florence Mears of Dade and Jack
Prator of Pasco and Everette Davis
of Escambia. They will be accom-
panied to the Nation's Capitol by rep-
resentatives of the Extension Service.
The National Club Camp is conduct-
ed annually by the United States
Department of Agriculture to provide
a week of inspiration, leadership train-
ing, and camp life and associations for
the outstanding two girls and two boys
from each state. The trip to the na-
tional camp is the highest honor a
4-H club member can win.
The girls were chosen by Miss Mary
E. Keown, state home demonstration
agent, and her staff at Tallahassee,
after the records of a number of en-
trants from the counties had been
judged.
Miss Stone has been outstanding in
all phases of 4-H Club work since she
enrolled in 1931. In addition she grad-
uated from high school as validctorian
of her class, and has served as editor
of her school paper and president of
her class. She has carried projects in
food preparation, home improvement,
gardening, canning, and clothing for
seven years as well as baking and
various minor projects for a shorter
period. She has won six short course
trips, two camp scholarships, fourteen
first prizes, nine second prizes and
five third prizes. Her leadership record
is noteworthy, since she has served as
president of the Jackson County Girls
4-H Club Council, two years as presi-
dent of her local club, and for three
years as leader for the younger girls.
Miss Stone has consiensously tried to
make her projects demonstrate better
methods, many of the practices that
she has used having been adopted by
other members of her community. Her
work has been directed by Mrs. Bonnie
J. Carter.
Miss Florence Mears of Dade Coun-
ty has been enrolled in 4-H club work
for seven years. At present, she is
president of the Dade County Girls
4-H Club Council, and has represent-
ed her county in the State Council for
two years. Her projects of sewing,
gardening, and food preparation have
won her many first prizes since she
began them. Miss Eunice Grady has
directed her club work. In addition to
being a leader in her 4-H club work.
she has been a leader in church acti-
vities, and has been outstanding
in scholarship. She is now a senior in


high school. Miss Mears says, "I
should like to say that through my
training in 4-H club work, I have
been able to serve my home, my club,
my school, and my church in a better
way."
Jack Prator of Pasco County started
his 4-H club work in 1935 with fifty
baby chicks. With this start, he has
twice had the best individual display
at the State 4-H Club Poultry Show in
Orlando. Jack was a member of the
State Champion Dairy Demonstration
Team which was awarded a trip to
the National Dairy Show in Cleveland
and a member of the State Champion
Poultry Judging Team which received
a trip to National 4-H Club Congress
in Chicago. He has been an officer in
the Pasco County Council since it was
organized, last year serving as it's
president, and now acting as County
Club Leader. For two years he has
served as one of the two representativ-
es to the State Council, last year be-


ing elected first vice-president of that
organization. Jack has also assisted his
County Agent, Mr. James McClellan
in organizing many local clubs in the
county. His brother, Tom, was one of
the first two boys to win a trip to the
National Camp 13 years ago.
Everette Davis of Escambia County
says, "During the six years I have
been a club member, I have learned
more things and had a better time
than most boys who do not belong to
the 4-H Club." His projects include
cotton, corn, peanuts, potatoes, poultry
and swine. Everette has attended four
short courses which he believes to have
been of incomparable value to him by
teaching him the importance of pure-
bred livestock, and how to get the most
profits out of the land at the lowest
cost. Everette has served as president
of this local club for three years and
as president of the Escambia County
4-H Club Boys Council for one year.
County Agent E. D. Finlayson has
supervised his work. He says, "I am
learning new things every year, and
I strive to keep the 4-H Club motto:
"To Make the Best Better."


Club Boys Learning The "Why Of a Corn Planter"


Camp McQuarrie, State 4-H Club Camp


THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


MAY-1939


PAGE 14










EPAG 15


I


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State President Grows
(Continued from page 7)
will be approximately $700.00.
During the time that Billy has pro-
duced his agricultural enterprises he
has maintained an average of better
than 90 in all his high school subjects
and has participated in various school
activities as well as being a leader in
Future Farmer Chapter activities both
local and state. He has attended vari-
ous Father-Son Banquets held by oth-
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plication for the "American Farmer"
degree which he hopes will be confer-
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time of the national convention in
Kansas City.
Billy is keenly interested in the com-
ing state convention of the Future
Farmers of Florida which will be held


In Gainesville


during the week of June 20-23. He is
busy making plans and preparing the
program for this meeting.

Editorially Speaking
(Continued from page 3)
Other ramifications of the Poultry
Division are projects at Chinsegut Hill
Sanctuary and the Florida-National
Egg Laying Contest at Chipley. The
National Poultry Improvement Plan
which is conducted under the auspices
of the State Live Stock Sanitary Board
is being encouraged by the Poultry
Division since it insures the poultry-
man of disease-free stock.
A report on the research activities
with citrus meal as a feed for poultry
will be presented at the 7th World's
Poultry Congress this summer.


S
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1 -0 M


MAY-1939


THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


PAGE 15


I













PAP1A THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMERY-


Extension Silver Anniversary Honors
Outstanding 4-H Club Accomplishments


By THOMAS F. HAMMETrI
This year is the Silver Anniversary
for a great benefactor of agriculture.
indeed this benefactor deserves a
salute from all persons interested in
farming. This benefactor is the Agri-
cultural Extension Service of which
the 4-H clubs comprise an integral
part.
On May 8, 1914, the Agricultural Ex-
tension Service was officially establish-
ed by an Act of Congress for the pur-
pose of federal, state and county co-
operation to demonstrate better farm
and home methods. This Act is known
as the Smith-Lever Act. In this same
year the 4-H Clubs, a subsidiary of the
Agricultural Extension Service, began
to take on their present form under
the direction of the county agents and
home demonstration agents, although
club work for boys and girls had be-
gun at earlier dates.
The year 1902, is the date of the first
organization of club work for boys and
girls. This club was organized by Al-
bert B. Graham, Superintendent of
rural schools in Springfield, Cleves
County, Ohio. There was 85 boys and
girls enrolled in this first club.
In 1908, Dr. Seaman A. Knapp, the
founder of Agricultural Extension
Service, directed the organization of
boys corn clubs in Texas. In five years
the enrollment of these clubs, which
had become established throughout the
south, amounted to 10,000 boys and
girls.
Dean J. J. Vernon of the College of
Agriculture at the University of Flor-
ida directed the first work in Florida
toward interesting Florida boys in ag-
riculture. The first work was with corn
only and the clubs were known as corn
clubs. In 1914 there were 935 boys en-
rolled in the corn club and 308 of
these boys turned in records. In 1915


plans were made for the establishment
of work with pigs but it was 1916 be-
fore actual club work got under way.
There were 652 boys enrolled n the
pig clubs.
When these clubs were originally or-
ganized their main effort was toward
increased production, that is making
two ears of corn grow where one grew
before, but the trend has steadily been
toward a program for the boys and
girls themselves. Today the aim is to
build firm characters and resourceful
natures. Training emphasis is placed
on the development of the head, heart,
health and hand, as is symbolized by
the ,emblem of the organization.
Some of the 4-H club boys started
attending the farmers' short courses
held in the summer at the 'University
of Florida and in 1916, a week was set
aside in September for 4-H club boys
at the College of Agriculture; 73 boys
attended this first 4-H club boys' short
course. The number has grown until
now over 300 of the best 4-H club boys
in Florida gather each year at the
UunivsTsity for a week of instruction
and inspiration.
4-H club work for girls began in
Florida in 1912. The first work was in
the tomato clubs in which the object-
ive was to produce tomatoes to give
better food to the family and to pro-
vide some cash for the girls to use
for other needs or desires. Since the
original tomato clubs were organized


the program for the girls' 4-H club
has broadened to projects dealing with
the family foods, clothing, health,
home improvement and community ac-
tivities. Besides the regular communi-
ty training the girls receive they have
an opportunity to attend the state
short course for girls..
Spirit of competition has always
prevailed among boys and tirls and to
satisfy the desire of the 4-H club boys
and girls for competition many ex-
hibits and achievement days have
been established for the county and
state. At these meets or gatherings
boys and girls come from all sections
to display their achievements.
Florida pioneered in the establish-
ment of summer camps for 4-H boys
and girls. The first camp was establi-
shed in Clay County in 1917, today
there are three district 4-H club
camps which can accommodate 341 boys
or girls at a time. In 1938 over 3,000
members and visitors attended the 4-H
club camps.
There are 244 community boys' 4-H
clubs in Florida and 509 girls' 4-H
clubs.
Not only does 4-H club work teach
the boys and girls how to act and
think for themselves but it establishes
a desire in them to keep learning and
improving themselves. Many boys and
g.rls have entered college due to this
desire to learn which was created by
their participation in club work.

Exhibit Will Feature
(Continued from page 6)
Brown's ability to design and const-
ruct this exhibit at this great poultry
exposition.
For the benefit of all visitors of the
World's Poultry Congress, the manage-
m-nt has selected Mr. R. G. Williams
ic be at the Florida exhibit. Mr. Wil-
1 ams is a w-ll known Florida poultry-
man and fancier and will be always
ready to help and assist anyone who
ccm-.s to him for information.


TS-EE FEORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


MAY-1939


FAGC 16









THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


Forehand Rankin Has
Established Poultry
Farm As FFA Project

By E. M. COOK
F.F.A. Adviser, Bristol High School
Forehand Rankin, a member of the
Bristol-Golpher-Wood Chapter of F.
F. A., began taking vocational agri-
culture during the school year 1935.
The next year it was impossible fo;
him to attend the Bristol school and
likewise it was impossible for him to
take vocational agriculture because i.
was not taught in the school which he
attended.
He re-entered the Bristol school at
the beginning of his junior year in
1937, and after careful study decided
that he wanted to train for a poultry
type of farm. His farming program
that year included 800 pullets, 200
fryers and. one purebred Duroc gilt.
From these projects he made a total
labor income of $301.82.
This year, which is his senior year,
he has increased his program toward
permanent establishment in poultry
farming after graduation from school.
His projects include 585 laying hens,
1,000 pullets, 1 purebred gilt, and 3
acres of corn. He will have 1,200 hens
in the laying house this fall when eggs
begin to increase in price. These hens
should show a profit of $1.50 each or
an estimated total of $1,800.00 net.
Forehand has two laying houses at
the present time that will house 700
hens. He has begun work on addition-
al houses in order to take care of his
pullets. He has built these houses him-
self as well as a brooder house that
will take care of 1,000 chickens. He
buys his feed cooperatively, and sells
eggs cooperatively.
Besides these productive projects,
Forehand carried numerous supple-
mentary projects some of which were
planting home orchard, home beauti-
fication, and growing garden for home
use.
Forehand and his brother plan to
operate a 50-acre farm next year and
will raise truck and general field crops.
Among the many honors which
Forehand has won are 5th place in
the district master Future Farmer
contest; 2nd place in poultry judging;
delegate to the State F. F. A. conven-
tion; one of the 10 highest individual
poultry judges at the State Fair in
Tampa; president and treasurer of the
Bristol F. F. A. Chapter; member of
the F. F. A. diamond ball and parli-
mentary procedure teams.

F. F. A. MOTTO:

"Learning To Do,
Doing To Learn,
Earning To Live,
Living To Serve."


World's Poultry Congress Scenes


j


SF


-_17


In the above pictures are shown some of the scenes where the World's
Poultry Congress will be held in Cleveland, July 28 to August 7, 1939.
The central picture above shows the Cleveland Museum of Art and
grounds surrounding it where some of the activities of the World's
Poultry Congress will center. Below are two of the buildings which will
house the exhibits. On the right is shown the Hall of Live Poultry and
on the left is shown part of the Hall of Nations and States. The two
lower buildings cover about four acres and will give room for a great
many exhibits.
The bird shown on the right above is a mottled Chabo of Japan, while
on the left is a Japanese Frizzled Bantam. Over 200 varieties of fowl
will be shown at the Congress and almost as many varieties of pigeons.
Already several nations have definitely applied for exhibit space and
more than thirty have announced their intention of planning an exhibit.


'-

.'d I




C:q


Photographed here is Future Farmer Forehand Rankin of Bristol who has developed
tis farming program in poultry. This flock, owned entirely by Forehand, made a
profit of $301.82 in one year. His poultry flock is one of the outstanding flocks in the
state owned and developed by a Future Farmer.


MAY-1939


PAGE 17


.
i~H~I










THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


Florida To Cleveland

(Continued from page 4)
Poultry Husbandman at the Universi-
ty of Florida, Gainesville, and as
Chairman has coordinated the activi-
Lies of the committee throughout the
stale and has done much to encourage
the activities of each member as well
as conduct all pertinent business
transactions.
Other active officers are: Vice-Chair-
man, Mr. Joe Williams, Winter Park,
who is president of the Florida Poul-
Lry Producer's Association and a prac-
tical commercial egg farmer; Secretary
Mr. C. C. Holloway, Clermont, Editor
of The Florida Poultryman which is a
magazine owned by the Florida Poul-
try Producer's Association; and Treas-
urer, Mr. G. C. Tharpe, Tallahassee,
Cashier and Auditor in the State De-
partment of Agriculture.
It would not be at all possible for
these officers to accomplish all the
work required to see that Florida's
representation at the World's Poultry
Congress is complete; therefore, out-
standing men throughout the state
have been selected to handle the ac-
tivities in various fields. One of the
most important of these activities is
the membership and attendance of the
Congress, and Mr. F. W. Risher, State
Poultry Marketing Specialist, Jackson-
ville, was selected for the responsibili-
ty of seeing that Florida's quota for
attendance is filled. His task has been
an enormous one but, to date, ap-
proximately eighty percent of the
quota has been reached which means
that more than 150 full Congress
memberships have been sold at the
regular price of ten dollars each. The
original quota was 200 memberships.
Mr. Russell Kay, Tampa, was select-
.ed to conduct the publicity of the
Congress in Florida. The results that
have been obtained so far tell of the
work he has done and much more is
to be seen in the future about the part
that Florida will play in that Ex-
position.
Not only is Mr. Earl Brown, a poul-
try fancier and breeder of DeLand,
honorary vice-chairman of the com-
mittee, but he is also in complete
charge of Florida's exhibit in the Hall
of Nations and States. This exhibit will
be 60 feet in length and surely Mr.
Brown has the facilities for making
it one of the most outstanding state
exhibits of the Exposition. Mr. Francis
H. Corrigan, Bradenton, has charge of
the live bird exhibit from Florida and
Mr. J. L. Irvin, Callahan, is in charge
of the egg exhibit.
Especially important to Florida as a
tourist state is the responsibility of
Mr. Harold Colee, President of the
Florida State Chamber of Commerce,
Jacksonville, who has charge of all
State tours. It is his duty to arrange
the tours for all delegates who are
visiting Florida from South America
and other countries, as well as to ar-
range any other tours which may be
made in the State relative to the


Congress.
Florida Youth Activities.
All young people of Florida who have
oe.n associated with the Exposition in
any way are deeply indebted to Mr. S.
C. Means, Lemon City Station, Miami,
who has charge of Youth and Junior
Activities of the State. As a result of
his efforts, judging teams from the
future Farmers of America, 4-H Club,
and the University of Florida will re-
present this State in the competition
to be held in Cleveland. The three in-
dividuals who made the highest scores
in a F. F. A. judging contest held in
Tampa at the State Fair will compete
for that organization. The 4-H team
was chosen by having members vie for
highest score at the Central Florida
Exposition in Orlando, and the three
highest scoring contestants will re-
present that organization. The Univ-
ersity of Florida judging team was
selected from competitors who judged
at numerous contests at Gainesville
and other fairs throughout the state,
and only the three making the highest
scores were the fortunate ones. Since
being selected, the members of the
various teams have been diligently
studying in order to make a superior
showing in Cleveland which will na-
turally result in more persona] honor,
and recognition for their organization
and state. Of particular interest to
students at the University of Florida,
together with the supporters of this
institution, will be the youth exhibit
which will depict the college activities
here on the campus.
Honorable Nathan Mayo, Commis-
sioner of Agriculture, has also been
selected to be official host to all dis-
tinguished guests and visitors in Flor-
ida in connection with the Congress,
and it will be in his own inimitable
manner that he can so proudly show
them what is known as "southern
hospitality."
As chairman of the Ways and Means
committee, Mr. S. K. Foster, St. Peters-
burg, has done splendid service in
securing finances for operating ex-
penses.
Without a division of duties as has
been manifest in the various commit-
tees it would have been impossible to
accomplish all that has been complet-
ed to the present with the efforts of
such few workers. So it is with pride
that we refer to all State agencies who
have so cheerfully helped in conduct-
ing the program thus far and have ex-
pressed intentions of helping Florida
be represented 100 percent at Cleve-
land.
University Honored.
The seven major features of the
Seventh World's Poultry Congress and
Exposition are the popular program,
consumer program, scientific program,
hall of youth, hall of industry, hall of
nations and states, and hall of live
poultry. In connection with the scien-
tific program the University of Flor-
ida received signal honor by having
two scientific papers selected for pre-
sentation at the scientific meeting.


Dr. N. W. Sanborn, Professor of
Poultry Husbandry and forerunner of
poultry research and instruction at the
University of Florida, recently cele-
brated his eightieth birthday.

Th.3 first of these papers, "The Utili-
zation of Citrus Meal for Poultry,"
was prepared by Professor N. R. Meh-
rhof and Mr. L. L. Russof, nutrition
specialist, as a result of extensive re-
search with citrus meal as a feed for
S. C. white leghorns. Professor M.hr-
hof will present the paper at the
meeting.
Dr. M. W. Emmel, Veterinarian,
University of Florida, will also present
a paper on "Hemocytoblastosis" in th.
Chicken. Dr. Emmel is one of the Na-
tion's leading poultry pathologists, and
has received international recognition
for his work on leukemia and other
fowl diseases.
Florida will also have a major part
in all the other features of the Con-
gress not specifically mentioned.

Chipley-T. Marable Love, Chapter
adviser, recently announced plans for
a trip to be made by the members to
the New York World's Fair this sum-
mer. Money for defraying the expense
of the trip will be obtained from the
output of a 10 acre cooperative to be
undertaken by the boys.

Ft. Meade-Under the supervision of
the chapLer adviser J. F. Higgins, the
Ft. Meade Chapter staged an old fash-
ioned rodeo. It was proceeded by a
western style parade, which advertised
the affair. The admission of 5 cents
per person netted the members a con-
siderable sum.


JIM LARCHE
CLOTHES--SHOES
ACCESSORIES
300 W. University Avenue


PAGE 18


MAY-1939










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Future Farmers


Education is priceless; experience one of the greatest
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MAY-1939


THF. FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


PAGE 19


Tampa, Florida




i
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