Title: Florida college farmer
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075980/00022
 Material Information
Title: Florida college farmer
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30cm.
Language: English
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Gainesville
 Subjects
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Apr. 1930)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1960?
Numbering Peculiarities: Suspended with v. 3, no. 5 (May 1932) and resumed with Dec. 1935 issue. Suspended with v. 9, no. 4 (may 1941) and resumed with New series v. 1 (summer 1948).
General Note: Published by Agricultural students at the University of Fla.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075980
Volume ID: VID00022
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01569450
lccn - 55047167

Full Text



THE ,,- -


Florida Collee Farmer


Published by Agricultural Students at the University of Florida
GA I 'EVILLE, FLORIDA
JUNE 1, 1937


VOL. V


S E( i -.


I


,F -, ^^ ^


NO. 4


\ .A-







THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


Competition Keeps Producers

On Their Toes -


The old saying that "competition is the life of trade" is sometimes subject to debate,
largely because there seems to be no standardized definition for the word
"competition."
Competition based solely on price may be harmful to the producer as well as the
consumer. Because no product can maintain the highest standard of quality when
it has to be built down to a price.
The growers of quality citrus fruit in Florida may have suffered at times in the past
because of the competing low prices at which inferior fruit was sold, but today the
consuming public is demanding more and more, citrus fruit which in appearance,
texture and palatability bears the unmistakable stamp of quality.
Such fruit can be produced only with the help of fertilizers which contain the purest,
finest and most healthful soil and tree-building ingredients.
Lyons Fertilizers from the very beginning have been built on Quality-which is the
reason Lyons customers will vouch for the fact that
Lyons Fertilizers Produce Greater
Quantities of Quality Fruit.



LYONS FERTILIZER COMPANY
TA M PA, FLORIDA


Special



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Florida Grower


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For a limited time only, FLOR-
IDA GROWER. the State's
leading agricultural magazine.
will accept three year subscrip-
tions for $1.00. This extraordi-
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open only to farmers and grow-
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A generation
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State.


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FLORIDA

GROWER
Box 2350


TAMPA, FLORIDA


June, 1937









June, 1937THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


r


Editorially Speaking


4-H CLUB WORK
Four-IH club work is a part of the National Agri-
cultural Extension system. Through it rural boys
and girls 10 to 20 years of age are taught better agri-
cultural and home-making practices and the finer and
more significant things of rural life. It builds men
and women.
In Florida, the United States Department of Agri-
culture and the State Agricultural Extension Service
co-operate with the county governments and local
communities in developing 4-H club work.
Four-H club boys and girls learn by doing. Every
club member conducts a substantial piece of work,
designed to show some better practice on the farm
or in the home or community, keeps a record of the
results, explains the work to others, and makes a
final report on the work accomplished.
One of the outstanding characteristics of 4-H club
work is that it is voluntary. Probably one of the
most valuable things club work does is to bring boys
and girls into responsible contact with the life prob-
lems of the community and, through having them do
something on the farm and in the home that is worth-
while, to get them in touch with the problems of the
community and in touch with inspiring men and wo-
men who may encourage them to finish school, to go
to college, or otherwise to fit themselves for life work.
Club work teaches integrity, good sportsmanship,
co-operation, and self-control. It develops an appre-
ciation of health, a feeling of responsibility, confi-
dence in one's ability, a spirit of service, unselfish-
ness, and an interest in one's home and community.
Over 1,000,000 rural boys and girls in the United
States are enrolled in 4-H club work.

COVER PAGE

The pictures on the cover page of this special 4-H
edition were taken at 4-H Camp Timpoochee while
Escambia County representatives were in camp.
The picture at the top of the page was taken at
1he flag raising ceremony just before the campers
went into the mess hall for breakfast. The picture
at the bottom left was taken during a life-saving in-
struction class, and the picture on the bottom right
was taken during the finals in the horseshoe tourna-
ment.

NATIONAL 4-H CLUB CAMP
The National 4-H Club Camp is the meeting place
of the very "elect" in club work from all over the
nation. This trip to Washington, D. C., in June each
year, is the highest honor that can come to a club
member as a reward for outstanding achievement.
Two girls and two boys from each state are selected
as delegates to this meeting on the basis of three
years' all-round 4-H club work. In Washington these
outstanding clubsters enjoy a week's intensive
training in business, instruction, inspiration, and
recreation. They pool their club experiences to pro-
mote 4-H club work more effectively; they meet
and hear outstanding speakers and leaders of the na-
tion; they take part in banquets, campfires, radio and
recreational programs. In addition to this they visit


the United States Department of Agriculture experi-
ment station farms, Mount Vernon, the home of
George Washington, and other historical points in
and around the City of Washington, on trips planned
and supervised by National Extension Service offi-
cials.

TO 4-H CLUB BOYS

These boys have come from fields where stands of
corn
Make waves of emerald, rustling in the sun;
Beautifully tender, drooping when day is done;
Springing beneath the dew-distilling morn.
There have they known the, thrill of toil, the scorn
Of life that's soft and easy. They have won
Fierce wars with drouth and insects. Have begun
Brave projects out of which new wealth is born.

Their hearts to greater loyalty are pledged.
To larger service they have pledged their hands.
And every 4-H member understands
That he must promise all his thoughts are edged
With plans to use his health and fine, unfledged
Young strength to cleaner living. He expands
His head to clearer thinking. He withstands
All forces that are not with progress hedged.

These boys are strong whatever men may say
Tomorrow's leaders walk the farms today.
-E. B. Weissinger.




The Florida College Farmer

Published by representatives of Student Organizations
COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA
STAFF
W ILMER W BASSETT. JR., '7 .... ........ ................ Editor
CLYDE DRIGGERS, '38 ... ........ ...................Associate Editor
ARTHUR M. MCNEELY, '37 ..................... Business Manager
HENRY C. LUNSFORD, '38 .. ..................Circulation Manager
STAFF ASSISTANTS
FRANK H. RICH, '38 ................ ..............Managing Editor
E l) W EISSINGER, '40 ............... ............................ Cop1! Editor
DEPARTMENTAL EDITORS
W AYNE D EAN, '38 ................... ......... ........................... Ag. College
])ONALD) SON CURTIS, '40 ..... .................... II-H Club
W. E. BISHOP, '37 ...... ......... ......... Future Farmers
MAX BRUNK, '38 ........................... alumni News
REPORTERS


WAYNE VALENTINE, '38 ..................
CHAS. CLYMORE, '38 ..........................
ORIS EVER, '38
JULIET CARRINGTON, '38 ................
R. T. NEUMANN, '3 ..........................
MOSELEY HENRY, '38 .. ..........
SIDNEY MARSHALL, '37 ..............
CHARLES JAMISON, '40 ...............
FACULTY ADVISORY


...... .......................... gron om y
.......... .....Ag. Economics
................Horticulture
.. ...................Entom ology
.. .... .................... forestry
....... ..Ag. Engineering
........Animal Husbandry
......'oultry Husbandry
COMMITTEE


H. II. HUME, Chairman
C. H. WILLOUHBY J. FRANCIS COOPER
PUBLISHED FOUR TIMES DURING THE SCHOOL YEAR
Subscription Fifty Cents


0


June, 1937


THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER







THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER June, 1937


Photo-Engraving
Originators and exclusive producers of Foto-Craft
Plates, the Engraving Department of the Tampa Daily
Times is your most dependable source of supply for
all types of photo-engravings.
ENGRAVING DEPARTMENT

Tam'pa Daily Times
DEWEY JANET, Manager
TAMPA, FLORIDA


FOR 60 YEARS ...
The Barnett National Bank of Jackson-
ville, established May 7, 1877, has,
throughout its sixty years' existence,
maintained a friendly interest in the
agricultural development of Florida.
We contribute this space not because
we anticipate immediate returns, but be-
cause of our interest in the agricultural
students. Their efforts now and their
thoughts which will be contributed to
this important work in the future mean
much to the State of Florida.

THE BARNETT NATIONAL BANK
of Jacksonville, Florida
Oldest national bank in Florida
Member of F.D.I.C.


THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


June, 1937











The Florida College Farmer

Published by Agricultural Students at the University of Florida
GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA

VOL. V JUNE 1, 1937 NO. 4


Livestock Show Attracts Record Crowd

By SIDNEY MARSHALL, '38


The Toreador Club of the Univer-
sity of Florida under the direction of
Wilson Matthews, president, staged
its sixth Little International Live-
stock Show and Rodeo Saturday eve-
ning, May 1. In spite of misting rain
and threatening skies the event drew
approximately 2,000 visitors.
A spectacular parade heralded the
arrival of the Show and Rodeo, the
Toreador Club's yearly educational
and entertaining presentation. Led by
L. K. Edwards, the colorful parade of
horses, antique carriages, surreys,
and whip-cracking Toreador cowboys,
made its way from the Agricultural
College up University Avenue, around
the city square, thence back to the
campus.
At 7:30 Saturday evening the show
began, despite black rolling clouds
and a thin rain which moistened the
coats of animals and spectators alike.
Sidney Marshall of Greenville and W.
E. Bishop of Aucilla took honors in
showing beef cattle and dairy cattle,
respectively, while in the poultry and
egg show R. H. Milton of Marianna
showed the best bird and Woodrow
Osteen took first place for a dozen
eggs.
For grand championship in the
beef classes, Marshall wins a leg on
a trip to the International Livestock
Show in Chicago next December.
Bishop, who won in the dairy classes,
was awarded a beautiful loving cup
presented by the Florida Theatre of
Gainesville. Milton and Osteen also
received loving cups for winning in
the poultry show and egg exhibit.
For two months the boys contesting
fitted their animals, trained them for
showing in the ring, and trained
themselves in showmanship. Ratings
were given on the improvement made
on the animal, showing of animal, ap-
pearance of showman, and on the
skill of each showman in making a
rope halter.
Short talks extolling the work of
students and mentioning research and
teaching activities with cattle at the
Experiment Station and College of
Agriculture were made by Dean Wil-
mon Newell. Dr. A. L. Shealy, Dr. R.
B. Becker, W. J. Sheely, Bill Henley,
and others. By the efforts of Mr. J.
Francis Cooper and Mr. Clyde Beale
it was made possible for the first
part of the show to be broadcast over
WRUF.
Rodeo events provided entertain-
ment at all times and extreme excite-
ment at intervals. Pat Moore of In-
verness took top honors in the prin-


cipal rodeo event, riding the wild
steers. The runners up were Gilbert
Tucker, last year's champion, Ray-
mond Tucker, and Jack Coleman. The
judges for the steer riding contest
were J. P. Ramsey, Jessie Shaw, and
W. J. Sheely.
Pat Moore and his partner, Elliot
Whitehurst came out ahead in the
barrel race, while W. E. Bishop and
Sidney Marshall composed the win-
ning team in milking wild cows. Cows
for the milking and steers for riding
were furnished by L. K. Edwards, Ir-
vine Cattleman.
An interesting whip-cracking exhi-
bition was given by L. K. Edwards,
Jr., while the apple eating contest
ended without a winner.
Cranford, a purebred Morgan stal-
lion owned by the Bureau of Animal
Industry, USDA, was exhibited by
Tom Kirby, and Florida Silverman,
Poland China Herd Sire from the Ex-
periment Station. weighing 900 lbs.,
was exhibited by Irving Rosoff as
special features of the show.


L. K. EDWARDS, '38
Chairman of Rodeo


Reserve championship in the beef
classes went to Raymond Tucker of
Bunnell. In the dairy classes it was
captured by Sidney Marshall. Other
first place winners by classes follow:
Angus cows, W. E. Bishop; Angus
heifers, Raymond Tucker; Jersey
heifers, Sidney Marshall; Angus
calves, Dell Roberts; Jersey calves,
W. E. Bishop; Angus steers, Ottis
Pippen of Vernon; Hereford steers,
Charles Allen, Panama City; Here-
ford cows, Pat Moore; lambs, 0. Z.
Revell, Bristol; Hereford heifers, Gil-
bert Tucker, Bunnell; pigs, George
Boydston, Lake Worth; beef bulls,
Sidney Marshall.
In showing poultry and eggs, first
place winners included the following:
Large brown eggs, Woodrow Osteen;
medium brown, D. C. Burce, Miami;
large white, E. N. Stephens, Monticel-
lo; medium white, O. K. Moore. Mar-
ianna. S. C. R. I. R. males, Bill Cli-
ett, Bowling Green; females, O. K.
Moore; Barred Plymouth Rocks,
males and females, Rankin Cox,
Gainesville; S. C. White Leghorn
males, Rankin Cox; S. C. Buff Leg-
horn females, Roy Greason, Nash-
ville; Silver Laced Wyandotte fe-
males, 0. K. Moore; best conditioned
birds, Charles Nearpass, Eustis.
A. G. Termerman of Ocala and W.
F. Ward of Brooksville judged the
beef classes, while A. P. Cole of Jack-
sonville and Lawrence Gardner of
the American Jersey Cattle Club, of-
ficiated with dairy animals, lambs,
and pigs. 0. P. Wells of Gainesville,
judged the poultry and Dan Sowell
picked the winning exhibition of eggs.
Companies which helped to make
the show a success by giving awards
to winners in the contests and live-
stock classes are: Swift and Com-
pany; Majonnier Bros.; Lenfesty
Supply Company; Miller Machinery
and Supply Co.; Florida Theatre;
Jones-Chambliss Co.; Purina Mills;
Howard Grain Co.; De Laval Separa-
tor Co.; and the E. I. DuPont de Ne-
mours Co.
Honorary members of the Toreador
Club selected this year are: L. K. Ed-
wards, Irvine, and P. E. Williams,
Davenport, Cattlemen; Alf R. Neilsen,
West Palm Beach and Mr. D. Hurst,
Tallahassee, Dairymen; and 0. P.
Wells, Gainesville, and Earl W.
Brown, Deland, Poultrymen.
Wilson Matthews of Ponce De Leon
is President of the Toreador Club;
Jefferson Davis, Mount Pleasant, is
vice-president; Waldo Bishop is sec-
retary-treasurer and Sidney Marshall
is reporter.








THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


Purposes and Aims of the


4-H Club Wildlife Project


By R. W. Blacklocc, State Boys' Club
Agent.
The importance of conserving the
wildlife of Florida is beginning to re-
ceive some attention. The public is
awakening to an appreciation of the
need for definite concerted action be-
fore the game and the fish have been
so reduced in number that our state
will lose its lure to the hunter, the
fisherman and the nature lover.
Wildlife belongs to the land, the
land belongs to the farmer. An effec-
tive, workable wildlife conservation
program must have the active cooper-
ation of the farmers. To insure this
cooperation the facts regarding the
need of protecting the birds and ani-
mals on the farm: must be brought to
the attention of owners and operat-
ors. i
Boys' and girls' 4-H clubs have dem-
onstrated that club work is the most
effective method yet devised of
spreading information among rural
people. In 1936 there were 14,415 fam-
ilies in Florida with Children in the
4-H clubs. Were it possible to con-
vince these families of the need of a
wildlife conservation program and to
give them a workable plan, the con-
servation job would be well on the
way to completion.
As 'conservation is an agricultural
problem it comes within the scope of
the club program. Four-H club work
always tries to do its part in any
movement for the betterment of rural
living. So this year we are adding
work in wildlife conservation to our
ever broadening Boys' 4-H club pro-
gram.
The first step in any constructive
program is to get a correct under-
standing of conditions as they are.
The first step in our wildlife conser-
vation program must be that of help-
ing our members find out for them-
selves all possible about the natural
life on their farms, and in their com-
munities.
The new club project is called Boys'
4-H Wildlife Conservation Investiga-
tion Project. The scope of the investi-
gation for the boys taking this pro-
ject will be confined primarily to the
home farm. The objectives are to dis-
cover:
1st-What wildlife is present on
the farm.
2nd-What conditions such as cover
and feed seem best for each kind of
wildlife.
3rd-What natural enemies prey
upon each kind.
4th-What is being done to protect
wildlife locally:
5th--How members of the commun-
ity as a whole feel toward wildlife
conservation.
Each club' member enrolled in this
project is to study the wildlife to be
found on a selected area of the farm.
A record is to be kept covering the
different kinds seen. what they were
doing, what feed they like when they
nested and their habits generally. The
trees, weeds, grasses, etc., growing


on the area to be noted and how the
different species were used by the
wildlife present. To ascertain the com-
munity's attitude each project mem-
ber is to interview 20 citizens of the
community as to how they feel about
observing the game laws and how in-
terested they would be in helping put
over a community wildlife conserva-
tion program.
We hope that this initial 4-H pro-
ject will start our rural people think-
ing about wildlife and will encourage
some at least of our 4-H boys to make
the study of nature a hobby. Once our
farmers come to realize what conser-
vation can do for them, it will not be
hard to work out and make effective
such a program.
It is our hope that we will be able
to advance from our investigation pro-
ject to one which will help to increase
the game raised on the farm. Perhaps
it will take the form of a game man-
agement project or one for the propa-
gation and liberation of game birds
and animals.
To reach as large a number of our
club members as possible with infor-
mation concerning wildlife, each local
club will be expected to discuss the
subject at some of their club meet-
ings. We expect 300 of the outstand-
ing 4-H boys in the state to be at
the Boys' 4-H Club Short Course to
he held at the University of Florida
in June. The theme running through
the 1937 Boys' Short Course will be
the wildlife of Florida and its rela-
tion to agriculture. Several men prom-
inent in conservation have agreed to
assist in presenting the problem to
the boys. And 300 young Florida
farmers will go home with more
knowledge and a new vision of the
natural life of their state.
In this way boys' 4-H club work
hopes to do its part in promoting a
program of great importance to Flor-
ida.

Florida 4-H Camps
Plan Busy Summer
Soon Florida 4-H club boys and
girls will be getting their swimming
suits and camping outfits together for
the big 4-H summer camps at Camp
Timpoochee in the Choctawhatchee
National Forest on Choctawhatchee
Bay in Okaloosa County, and Camp
McQuarrie on the edge of Lake and
Marion counties in the Ocala National
Forest.
While the above are the two cen-
tral district 4-H club camps for the
State a few counties too far away
from these central camps hold their
camps in nearby localities.
When we remember there are over
2.000 of these 4-H boys and girls go-
ing into camp each summer here in
Florida, we realize it takes a good
deal of planning and organization to
keep everything running smoothly
and get the results desired.
The three great purposes of these
4-H club camps are character devel-


opment, rural farm and home building
and recreation. The club camps are
fortunately located off the main high-
way and in isolated sections away
from the turmoil and hubbub of every-
day life.
Each camp holds from 100 to 125 club
members and the different counties
come in groups and stay in camp one
week. This group in turn is followed
by other groups all through the sum-
mer from June to September.
Upon arrival in camp the club mem-
bers are organized into squads of 10
each with a leader. Upon this squad
and leader is thrown the responsibili-
ty of their activities and behavior
during their stay in camp. These boys
have the opportunity of developing
initiative in their group activities,
leadership in planning their programs
of entertainment and carrying out
their recreational activities.
A period of study and planning is
a part of their camp programs. Spe-
cialists from the University of Flor-
ida and State College for Women, as
well as county and home demonstra-
tion agents, give a part of their time
each year in presenting subject mat-
ter to these groups to help them in
developing a better and finer rural
life back home.
The recreational activities are car-
ried out largely in the form of tour-
naments, plays, stunts, and other
group activities.
The 4-H club spirit of helpfulness.
reliability and friendliness is one of
the great by-products of these camps.
Four-H boys and girls learn how to
work together and live together with-
out turmoil and strife. They learn
how to cooperate, how to work out
problems through group thinking, and
go back home with a vision of some-
thing a little finer in life than living
for themselves alone.
The following are the tentative
dates for the two district camps this
year:
CAMP MCQUARRIE
June 14-Marion, Baker, Seminole,
Gilchrist and Hillsboro boys.
June 21-Lake, Union, Bradford and
Orange boys.
June 28-Sumter, Citrus, Lake, Levy
and Marion girls.
July 5-Duval. St. Johns. Columbia,
Putnam and Volusia boys.
July 12--Dade, Palm Beach, Okeecho-
bee. Highlands and Brevard
boys.
July 19-Lee, Charlotte, DeSoto, Har-
dee and Pasco boys.
July 26-Volusia, Putnam, Orange,
Brevard and Alachua girls.
Aug. 2-Four-H Club Boys State Wild
Life Camp.
Aug. 9-Alachua and Sumter boys.
Aug. 16-Madison, Suwannee, Lafay-
ette and Taylor boys.
Aug. 23--Hardee, Highlands, Pasco,
Lafayette, Suwannee and
Madison girls.
Aug. 30-Citrus Growers' Institute.
CAMP TIMPOOCHEE
June 14-Santa Rosa.
June 21-Jackson.
June 28-Jefferson.
July 5-Escambia.
July 12-Holmes and Gulf.
July 19-Farm and Home Institute.
July 26-Washington, Bay and Lib-
erty.
Aug. 2-Walton.


June, 1937









THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


State Boys' 4-H Club


Cour

For many years 4-H club boys and
leaders have seen a need arising for
more organization among the counties
and local clubs. With the number of
club boys in the State growing so
rapidly, the opportunity for a State-
wide organization was seen by all in-
terested in club work.
Last year at the annual short
course in Gainesville all counties rep-
resented were encouraged to organize
a county council made up of a repre-
sentative from each local club. This
county council would select two of its
members to represent their county on
the State council. The counties at
the short course last year which al-
ready had county councils in opera-
tion were: Alachua, Escambia, La-
Fayette, Lake, Liberty, Jackson, Madi-
son, Palm Beach, Pasco, St. Johns,
Santa Rosa, Suwannee, and Walton.
Two representatives from each of
these pioneer county councils made
up the nucleus of and organized the
first State Boys' 4-H Club Council.
Officers elected were: President, D.
C. Hanks, Escambia County; first
vice-president, Wilber Burden, Palm

Armour and Co. Again
I Offers Chicago Trip
For many years Florida 4-H club
boys have been fattening barrows to
be entered in the State Pig Club Show
held in Tallahassee every November.
Prior to 1932 the owner of the grand
champion fat barrow in this contest
won a trip to the International Live-
stock Exposition in Chicago. For the
past six years this trip has not been
offered, but the competition in the
State Pig Club Show has been just as
keen.
Armour and Company has just an-
nounced that they are again offering
this trip to the 4-H club boy who has
the grand champion barrow in the
State contest. This prize is open to
any 4-H club boy in the State who
shows his fat barrow in the contest.
The winner of this trip to Chicago
will attend the National 4-H Club
Congress held each year in conjunc-
tion with the International Livestock
Exposition, and will spend seven days
in the city as guest of Armour and
Company, one of the nation's largest
meat packers He will visit the mod-
ern plants of Armour and Company,
make a 50-mile tour of Chicago by
bus, visit the International Livestock
Show, and with the other 1,400 4-H
club boys and girls, he will take part
in the many festivities of the Na-
tional 4-H Club Congress.
Last year the State Pig Club Show
was a complete success. Counties
represented were: Bay, Leon, Jeffer-
son, Madison, LaFayette, Suwannee,
Columbia, and Pasco. The grand
champion breeding gilt was shown by
Howard Bell of LaFayette County.
and the grand champion barrow was
shown by Eugene Boyles of Suwan-
nee County.


icil Well Organized

Beach; second vice-president, Don-
aldson Curtis, St. Johns; secretary,
Eugene Boyles, Suwannee; and treas-
urer, Howard Hughey, Madison.
The foremost purpose of the State
council is to give thorough training
in leadership to its members and to
teach the advantages of good organi-
zation to all the club boys in the
State.
The council set up as its purpose
for this year the achieving of the! fol-
lowing objectives: (1) To get more
county councils organized; (2) To get
more standardized clubs; (3) To make
a file of all officers of local clubs and
county councils. With the accom-
plishment of these objectives the
members of the State council feel that
they will have a strong foundation on
which they may build and be able to
work together much more efficiently.
There are many ways in which this
council is going to be a big help to
4-H club boys all over the State.
Every local club will receive informa-
tion through its representative on the
county council as to when and where
all State contests will be held, and
as to what prizes, scholarships, and
other awards will be offered. Through
this State-wide organization club boys
will be able to know each other bet-
ter; know the problems of other boys
and what other boys are doing in
their project work.
There are sure to be many new
problems developing in club work
each year toward the solving of which
the State council can work very effi-
ciently. Also the State council will
be ready at all times to lend a hand
in helping county agents carry out
their 4-H club programs.


4-H Fat Stock Show and
Judging Contest Big Success
At the 1937 Fat Stock Show held in
Jacksonville, March 9, fifty-five first-
cross and purebred Florida steers that
were fed out and fattened by 4-H club
boys and girls were shown. Many
prizes presented by Jacksonville mer-
chants were awarded the winning
contestants.
The grand champion steer was
shown by Joe Vara of Holmes County.
The prize in this class was a silver
loving cup presented by Farris and
Company. Sidney Allen of Suwannee
County won first prize on showman-
ship in the keenest of the competi-
tions. His trophy was a silver loving
cup presented by Webster and Hull,
of Jacksonville.
A 4-H Judging Contest was held in
connection with the Fat Stock Show.
Judging teams participated represent-
ing Liberty, Sumter, Pasco, Alachua.
Madison, Columbia, and Suwannee
counties. The teams, in their judg-
ing, were required to place animals
in the Angus, Hereford, and mixed
classes. In the contest, the team from
Liberty County, composed of Decatur
Bateman, Elden Powell, and Davis
Ramsey, placed first. The high point
judge in the contest was Dannie Can-
non of Pasco County. He was pre-
sented with a medal given by the
Jacksonville Chamber of Commerce.
The 4-H club boys who attended the
third annual Fat Stock Show were
honor guests at the Stockmens' Ban-
quet held after the show. Speakers
at the banquet referred to them as
the future stockmen of Florida who
would make records far surpassing
those of today.
The day after the show all the 4-H
steers were sold in the ring. Each
club boy was pleased and encouraged
by the price he received for his ani-
mal. The club steers sold for 8c to
13a a pound.


A* L-II. -. ..



Joe Vara of Holmes County and his grand champion steer at the 1937
State 4-H Fat Stock Show and Judging Contest.


June, 1937








THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


Former 4-H Club Boys


Prominent on Campus


Arthur McNeely, Wilmer Bassett,
and Ben McLauchlin, seniors in the
College of Agriculture, are three for-
mer 4-H club boys who are now rec-
ognized as outstanding leaders on the
campus of the University of Florida.
These students, once recognized as
leaders in 4-H club work, have con-
tinued their activities and efforts
even on a larger scale since they have
been in college. Today these boys
occupy responsible positions in the
famous student government of the
University, and in many other fields
of extra-curricular activity.
The training a boy receives in 4-H
club work is invaluable, and the ex-
perience he receives will never be
forgotten. He acquires an education
in leadership that can not be taken
from him. This is proven by the
achievements of these three former
4-H club boys. Following is a brief
resume of their activities and honors,
a record of achievements which every
4-H club boy should strive to equal.
Arthur M. McNeely, '38
Marion County
If anyone were to select the few
really outstanding men in the College
of Agriculture, he would be compelled
to place Arthur M. McNeely near the
top of his list.
Going to college and working your
way through is more than most men
find time to do, but besides doing this
"Mac" has excelled in many campus
activities. He is the first University
student to have ever been the busi-
ness manager of two student publica-
tions at the same time.
Arthur, a true "son of the soil,"
hails from Reddick. He was a 4-H
club boy for eight years before enter-
ing college and was chosen in 1933 as
one of the two most outstanding 4-H
club boys in Florida, representing the
state at the National 4-H Club Camp
in Washington, D. C.
"Mac" has had to make his own
way since he has been in college, but
this has never kept him too busy for
other things. He has been 4-H club
editor and is now business manager
of the Florida College Farmer. He
was circulation manager for the
"Florida Alligator" last year and this
year he is business manager of the
"Seminole." He is a captain in R.O.T.
C., member of Sabres, honorary mili-
tary society, and is also a member of
Cavaliers, honorary dance society.
When it comes to being sincere and
square with everyone, "Mac" is your
man. He is a true friend to all who
know him and he has many friends
who will miss him when he has grad-
uated from the University.

Ben McLauchlin, '37,
Marion County.
One of the most active and widely
recognized students in the University
of Florida is Ben McLauchlin, senior
from Fairfield, a small town in Mar-
ion county. In his four years on the
University of Florida campus, Ben, or
"Little, Napoleon," as he is popularly


known, has asserted himself with
credit in several fields, ranging from
politics to publications. Throughout
this period he has worked his way
through school entirely by his own
efforts.
Perhaps one of the greatest tributes
to his ability as a leader and as a
pioneer came with the installation of
the Forestry Department last year.
McLauchlin was one of the instigators
of the movement among the students,
and he led the fight through the
State Legislature. His brave fight
for this worthy cause went unher-
alded; he did not seek the limelight,
but won the fight and was content.
His success in student government
has been phenomenal. He was one
of the founders of the Democratic
League, one of the major political
parties on the campus. Not only is
his ability recognized in his own col-
lege, but on the campus at large, as
was shown by his impressive victory
at the polls last spring, when he ran
for the office of viceipresident of the
student body. During his junior year
Ben served his class as secretary-
treasurer.
Perhaps one of his most noteworthy
achievements was two years ago,
when he was one of the chief advo-
cates of the revival of the Florida
College Farmer. It is largely due to
his consistent efforts as the first busi-
ness manager of the publication that
the magazine has not only continued,
but has grown.


ARTHUR McNEELY
In the Ag Club, an organization
which is near to his heart, Ben has
held the offices of vice-president and
president, with much credit to him-
self as a leader. He has served as
treasurer of Alpha Zeta, honorary
agricultural fraternity. He is a, mem-
ber, also, of the Toreador Club, Young
Democrats, and Cavaliers, a leading
dance club on the campus.


McLauchlin distinguished himself
as a freshman by his work on the
freshman debate team. Since that
year he has confined his forensic tal-
ents to Ag Club and Ag College de-
bating. He and Dick Lundy com-
posed the team which made the
Southern Trip last spring, sweeping
all opposition away on a wave of vic-
tory. They debated the University of


BEN McLAUCHLIN

Georgia College of Agriculture and
the Alabama. Polytechnic Institute at
Auburn, with success in both cases.
Throughout it all Ben has prided
hirseilf on his many friendships. His
warm, enthusiastic personality and
his sincerity and kindness have won
for him a place in the affections of
his many acquaintances. He is
known, admired, and liked by old and
young, both on the campus and
throughout the State.
Wilmer W. Bassett, Jr., '37,
Jefferson County.
Wilmer W. Bassett. senior in the
College of Agriculture, from Monti-
cello, Jefferson county, is graduating
in June. leaving behind a record of
many outstanding achievements and
honors. Bassertt is known for his
aggressive and continuous efforts in
his many fields of endeavor. His con-
tribution to student government, re-
ligious activities, and campus publi-
cations, have been manifold.
The one thing that particularly in-
dicates Wilmer Bassett's ingenuity
and ability, was the part played by
him in the recent student body gen-
eral election. For several years one
political party dominated campus poli-
tics and student government. This
party seemed undefeatable. Many
were they who tried to lead a force
against this powerful party, but suc-
cess was not found until Bassett took
the helm. championing a group of in-
dependent candidates. Almost single-
handed. he led his followers to a de-
cisive victory. Over 75 per cent of
those candidates under the leadership
of Wilmer Bassett were successful.
Not only is Wilmer a good poli-
tician; for the past four years he has
(Continued On page 20)


June, 1937


I









THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER 9


Florida 4-H Girl First

in National Style Revue


To win first place in a State contest is a brilliant achieve-
ment in itself, but after doing this, lovely 16-year-old Fran-
ces Webb of Dade County went on to even greater glory,
winning first in the National 4-H Dress Revue held in Chi-
cago in November, during the National 4-H Club Congress.
Forty-one States participated in the November contest and
style-wise girls from all parts of the nation vied with each
other for top honors. Evening dresses, business suits, sports
dresses, dresses for every occasion and of every fabric and
hue were entered in the National Revue and an Adrian or a
Schiaparelli might well have profited from an examination
of the chic dress creations which were modeled by their de-
signers for the judges' approval.
Accompanying this article is a photograph of Miss Webb
wearing the dress which won her the title of National 4-H
Style Champion. With her victory over her forty competi-
tors, every one a State champion and a stylist of note, she
has won for herself, for Florida, and for Dade County, a
splendid triumph.
The contest which won Miss Webb national recognition
was supervised by the National Committee on Boys and Girls
Club Work, an organization which sponsors each year many
similar opportunities for 4-H club boys and girls to gain
wide recognition and renown. The exceptional value of 4-H
club work as a cultural and educational influence is brought
out by a consideration of the advantages Miss Webb has
gained through 4-H work. Not only has she been awarded
valuable prizes, achieved national fame and won the friend-
ship of notable people; but her latent talent for styles and
dress designing may logically lead to a career-all of which
development has been fostered by her activity in 4-H club
work.
The 4-H clubs exist only to encourage and promote the
development of their members, and Miss Webb is an out-
standing example of a true 4-H club champion.
The Florida College Farmer wishes to take this oppor-
tunity of extending sincerest congratulations to Miss Fran-
ces Webb for her distinguished triumph at the 1936 Nation-
al Style Revue, and wishes her a like success in the 1937
contest. Girls such as she are a wonderful tribute to mod-
ern 4-H club work.
Leaders and club girls are cordially invited to participate
in this year's Annual National 4-H Girls Style Dress Revue
Contest sponsored for the ninth year by the Chicago Mail
Order Company and Jane Alden, its stylist.




HEROINE IN THE 1936 NATIONAL STYLE DRAMA
was Frances Webb, 16, of Dade county, Florida, who wore
this lovely five-way costume of white net over silk floral
print. The complete outfit also included a white silk satin
slip and a blue taffeta jacket, and the four garments made
five costume changes at an average cost of $2.44. With all
accessories the outfit cost $15.52.
(Courtesy National 4-H Club News.)










THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


Improvements Made At


The summer camp has become an
important part of the 4-H club pro-
gram. The first camp for Florida 4-H
club boys was held in Clay County
in 1917 and the next one in Hillsbor-
ough County in 1919. From one county
camp in 1917 the movement has grown
until in 1936, boys and girls from
some 35 counties enjoyed a week of
camping.
With growing enthusiasm for camp-
ing by club folks came a need for suit-
able camping places. Two district 4-H
camps have been established in the
state. One in the Choctawhatchee Na-
tional Forest and one in the Ocala
National Forest. The two camps will
accommodate 220 boys and girls each
week. Each is equipped with electric
lights and a sanitary water system.
While the camps are quite well
equipped and furnish facilities for
holding real 4-H camps, there are al-
ways things which are needed and can
be used to advantage. The camps live
up to the 4-H motto of "Make the
Best Better." Each year some im-
provements are made. The 1937 camp-
ing season will find both camps better
than last year.
At Camp McQuarrie the following
improvements have been made since
June 1936. A graded clay road now
runs from the highway to camp. This
will make it easier for the school bus-
es to get in. The camp has been en-
closed by a fence which will keep the
cattle off the campus. A real good cat-
tle gap has been put in, so that a gate
is not needed.

The old volley ball court has been
made into two horseshoe courts and
a new volley ball court has been built.
The diamond ball infield has been
clayed and set to grass. The outfield


Florida's 4-H Camps

has been cleared, grubbed and set to
grass. A 12-foot backstop is being
built.
In January 52 trees-oaks, red buds,
maples and dogwoods were set out.
Most of the grounds have been
planted to grass but there will be
enough left to plant so that the boys
will have something to do during
work hour this summer.
At the West Florida Camp the im-
provements won't be complete but
more money is being spent there than
at Camp McQuarrie.
The kitchen is being worked over
with new sinks and a hot water boiler
installed to make dishwashing easier.
A room for the cooks is being added.
The biggest improvement will have
to wait until next year for completion.
This camp needs an auditorium.
Enough money is not available to
build it this year but the concrete
foundations have been put in and will
be ready for next year when it is
hoped that the auditorium can be
built.
The 4-H club folks will find both
camps ready to hold bigger and bet-
ter club camps in 1937 than ever be-
fore.



Plans for Annual 4-H

Short Course Completed

On June 7th, 300 Florida club boys,
champions in the work from the vari-
ous counties, will gather on the Uni-
versity of Florida campus for their an-
nual short course. The boys will ar-
rive in time for supper, which will be
served in the University cafeteria.
They will sleep in the college dormi-


Sidney Alien, a 4-H Club boy from Suwannee County, and his steer that
he was showing when he won first prize on showmanship at the 1937
State 4-H Fat Stock Show ard Judging Contest.


stories and be read college students un-
til Saturday morning when they will
leave for home.
The same general plan as used in
the last few years will hold for 1937.
The first year boys will be divided
into seven squads and will have study
periods in horticulture, farm mechan-
ics, poultry, record keeping, livestock,
entomology and swimming. The old-
er boys who have been to previous
short courses will be divided into
squads and each squad will spend all
work periods studying one subject.
Advanced courses will be given in
poultry, agronomy, livestock, truck
crops, dairying, farm management
and horticulture.

One of the big features of short
course will be the work of the State
Boys' Council. Only counties that
have an organized county, council and
have paid their dues to the State
Council will be allowed representa-
tion on the, State Council. The State
officers elected last year have been
working hard and a real State Coun-
cil group should be the result.
The speakers on this year's pro-
gram will be specialists in one line-
wild life. The theme of this year's
short course will be wild life conser-
vation in Florida. Mr. McCullough,
who for six years was Game Commis-
sioner of Minnesota, is coming down
especially to talk to the short course
boys. The Executive Secretary of the
Florida State Fish and Game Commis-
sion, I. N. Kennedy, is coming. Mr.
Kamerkik, who is working with game
breeding in South Georgia, has pro-
mised to come and tell the boys of his
work. Perhaps some pictures of Flor-
ida birds will be shown.
Three bankers' scholarships will be
awarded as usual. The Florida Bank-
ers' Association has been helping club
boys get a college education for the
past 18 years and we hope they will
continue for many years to come.
The usual diamond ball tournament
and swimming meet will be held.
Billy Matthews has promised to
lead the singing and Tommy Ruth
Blackmon to play the piano. Wilmer
Bassett and G. T. Huggins will be on
hand to help see that everybody has
a good time.


Vitamin A content of corn is in
proportion to the yellow color in the
endosperm of the seed. As some
strains of yellow corn have a faint
red color in the outer seed coat or
bran layer, thus giving the kernels
an intense yellow color which might
lead to the belief that such corn would
be particularly good from the vitamin
standpoint, it is best to peel off the
outer skin or pericarp before attempt-
ing to judge the color that shows
vitamin content.


Mowing the pasture keeps down
weeds and enables succulent grasses
to grow, thus providing much more
feed for dairy and beef cattle, say
specialists with the State Agricultur-
al Extension Service.


June, 1937










THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


There are so many ways of feeding
poultry that the methods of feeding
might be compared to the number of
leaves on a tree. These methods
vary in the proportions and amounts
of feed used and in the when, how and
why, of feeding about as much as the
size, color, shape and texture of the
leaves on a tree vary. Essentially,
however, they are all for the same
purpose and do the same job to more
or less the same degree. Some one
method might give best results one
time for one person, and some other
method for some other person. There
are many different factors that will
influence the methods of feeding to be
used by an individual.
Success with poultry, as with any
other class of livestock, depends
nearly as much on the method of
feeding as on the particular ration
used. The judgment of an experi-
enced feeder is worth infinitely more
than any rule or system of feeding.
Every feeding mixture and every
method of feeding are improved by
the addition of liberal amounts of
common sense.
Some old and new methods of feed-
ing that have been used successfully
follow:
1. Procure a mixture of grains,
plant them, and feed the products
grown from these grains. This is the
oldest method for feeding of which
we have any record.
2. Feeding grains. This method
consists of feeding a mixture of hard
hulled grains three times daily, feed-
ing all the hens will consume.
3. All wet mash method. By this
method the grains are ground finely
and fed to the hens moistened in or-
der to be crumbly; fed in the troughs
once or twice daily.
Next we have feed mixtures com-
ing into use where the poultrymen
conceived the idea that the hens need
to have the ingredients in the proper
proportions so as to give best! results.
This idea is spoken of as the balanced
ration.
Let us now define "mash." It is an
aggregate or combination of sub-
stances good for feed (poultry) con-
sisting of whole grains, ground, mill-
ing by-products, and other ingredi-
ents desirable for the feed mixture.
4. Hand fed grain. Feeding grain
in litter morning, noon and night.
5. Hopper fed grain. Keeping grain
before the birds at all times in a hop-
per.
6. Hopper feeding of dry mash.
This method. is that in which the dry
mash is kept before the birds at all
times.
Now we have the combinations of
several of the methods in various
combinations which are the general
practices being used today.
7. Dry mash before the birds at all
times, feeding scratch morning and
night or only at night.
8. Dry mash before birds at all.
times, plus the regular grain feeding


and addition of a little wet mash at
noon.
9. All mash method. Here the reg-
ular mash ingredients and the regular
grain feeds are ground finely, mixed
together, and kept in hoppers before
the birds at all times.
10. Pellets in hoppers. This is a
relatively new method of feeding and
is the same as No. 9 except that the
feed is pressed into pellets, the main
idea being to save on feeds by cutting
down on the amount wasted by the
birds.
11. Regular use of one of the above
methods plus the night lunch which
should be given about 9:00 P. M. and
fed in troughs. Lights are necessary
to do this. They are kept on for
about one hour and dimmed about fif-
teen minutes before turning them off.
12. Cafeteria feeding. This method
is one that seems to all certain of
success, but there has been very little
data published concerning it. In
cafeteria feeding the many and vari-
ous ingredients of the feed to be used
are placed in different compartments
of a feed hopper and the bird is al-
lowed to balance its own ration by
eating just what it desires. This is


WALDO E. BISHOP
Nature's way of feeding and there can
be very little doubt that it will be
successful in every case.
Other methods of feeding are in
common use, but they are similar to
those already mentioned with the
systems being different only in a very
minor degree.
It is agreed by all authorities and
poultrymen that with any ration used,
and regardless of the method of feed-
ing used, it is absolutely essential for
the birds to have free access toi good,
clean, cool, water and mineral mix-
tures of some kind, usually as grit,
oyster shell, charcoal, etc., if the best
results are to be obtained.
It is also an accepted truth by most


Methods of Feeding Laying Hens

by WALDO E. BISHOP, '37


June, 1937


poultrymen that whenever possible
the feeding of green feed daily adds
greatly to the ration for poultry. It
is highly desirable to furnish green
feed in some form if the best results
from egg manufacture are to be
achieved.
There is absolutely no best method
of feeding that can be set up for use
by every poultryman. When you boil
it down to the fine points, every poul-
tryman is striving for the same un-
derlying principles, but various men
seek different ways to arrive at these
principles and this is the reason we
have so many methods of feeding
which are so closely related. Each
poultryman has to take the basic
method of feeding and alter it to meet
his own individual needs.
The main factors influencing the
method of feeding to use are: 1. feeds
available and cost, 2. size of business,
3. labor, cost, availability, 4. price re-
ceived for finished product, 5. time
or season of year, 6. climatic condi-
tions, 7. equipment available, 8. capi-
tal available, and 9. personal ideas
and personal preferences.
All experienced poultrymen agree
that no definite set of rules or prac-
tices can be said to make up the best
system. Therefore it is necessary not
to give anyone a best system to use
in feeding, but to tell him several
methods that have been successful
and allow him to choose the one most
suitable to him from the whole num-
ber of systems which have been used.

New Publications
College of Agriculture, Experiment
Station, Gainesville, Fla., Bulletins:
306 Etiology of fowl paralysis, leuke-
mia, and allied conditions in ani-
lmals VII. & VIII.
307 Cracked stem of celery caused by
a boron deficiency in the soil.
308 Experiments for the control of
Phoma-rot of tomatoes.
309 Development of the root-knot on
beans as effected by soil temper-
ature.
Extension Service Bulletins, Gaines-
ville, Fla.:
87 Meat canning.
88 Citrus insects and their control.
89 Herbaceous perennials.
90 Vegetable crops of Florida.
Press Bulletins:
198 Control of downy blue mold of
tobacco.
499 Some reasons why roses fail.
500 Sea Island cotton.
U.S.D.A., Washington, D. C., Farm-
ers' Bulletins:
F.B. 1291 F. Preparation of fresh to-
matoes for market.
F.B. 1371 F. rev. Diseases and insects
of garden vegetables.
F.B. 1763 F. Harvesting and handling
citrus fruits in the Gulf
States.
F.B. 1769 F. Dairy cattle judging.
Circulars:
Cir. 411C. A study of arsenical dust-
ing of cabbage in relation
to poison residues.
Cir. 423C. The house rat.
Miscellaneous Publications:
M.P. 288M. Market diseases of fruits
and vegetables.
M.P. 262 A graphic summary of
farm taxation.
Florida State Department of Agri-
culture, Tallahassee, Florida.










THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


June, 1937


g IN GATORLAND @
Interesting Campus News Notes


Dairy Products Laboratory


Now Under Construction
By M. C. FUTCH, '36


Until this year the University of
Florida has never offered coordinat-
ed course work for students wishing
to major in dairy manufactures, be-
cause of lack of facilities. However,
the demand for milk and its products
both by residents of the state and by
the immense number of tourists who
come to the state each year has
caused a steady growth of the milk
processing and dairy products manu-
facturing business. Obviously there
has been a demand for college-trained
men to operate many of the plants.
These men, of necessity, have come
from other institutions. Furthermore,
an appreciable number of young men
residents of Florida desiring training
in dairy manufactures have been
forced to go elsewhere for instruc-
tion. At present, in many sections of
the state, milk production approxi-
mately equals fluid milk consump-
tion during the winter months, while
during the remainder of the year
there is a surplus which even exceeds
the amount needed for manufacture
into ice cream. Those facts have led
to the introduction of a dairy manu-
factures program, including both
teaching and research, at the Univer-
sity of Florida.

Dairy manufacturing is a wide and
varied field. Six main branches will
be taught at the University; namely,
market milk, ice cream, butter,
cheese, condensed milk, and dry milk.
Other important products which will
be dealt with are casein, lactose, lac-
tic acid, commercial buttermilk, choc-
olate milk, and semi-solid buttermilk.
Although it is not likely that all of
these will come into great importance
in the near future in Florida, never-
theless students will receive proper
training in all, as some will no doubt
go to other sections of the country to
work.
The training in dairy products work
for regular four-year students must
be set up to fit two needs; one, to
teach as much practical farm dairy-
ing as possible to students taking a
general course in agriculture, many
of whom probably will take but one
course in dairying since they must
take so many others dealing with dif-
ferent types of agricultural work;
the other need is to prepare students
for specialized dairy plant work.
Among other things this program will
involve courses in the chemistry and
bacteriology of milk as they relate to
the various manufacturing operations
to which milk is subjected, training
in laboratory methods needed for the
satisfactory control of dairy products
manufacturing operations and in cer-
tain other phases of plant work. In
connection with this work considera-


ble practical engineering is involved,
for example, the handling of a boiler,
the operation of electric motors and
machinery, and mechanical refrigera-
tion. This part will be covered in
dairy engineering taught in the De-
partment of Agricultural Engineering.
Short courses in specialized lines of
dairy products are planned.
According to present plans all of
the milk from the Experiment Station
herd will be handled through the lab-
oratory, which is to be equipped with
new and modern machinery. All oper-
ations followed in commercial milk
plants will be seen. Most of the milk
will be bottled and sold only on the
campus, as at present, while the re-
mainder will be used for class work
and research, which is to be an im-
portant feature in the new set-up.
One of the first research problems
to be taken up will be a study of how
best to hold the sununer surplus milk
so that the solids will keep in good
condition for use in winter ice cream
manufacture. Another problem con-
cerns the utilization of some of the
less common citrus fruits as flavor-
ing for ice cream manufacturing. New
flavors are always wanted and there
is a possibility that one or more of
these may be found. This would un-
doubtedly build up a greater demand
for those particular fruits.
Off flavors are, always a problem in
milk and milk products. Since feeds
may greatly affect any flavor in milk
and many new crops are being intro-
duced into Florida, these feeds can
be tested for their effects on milk
flavor. These results should greatly
benefit the dairymen of the state.
The new building located on the
Radio Station road south of the can-
pus post office will be finished in
early summer. Much of the equipment
is already on hand, ready to be in-
stalled. When completed, the labora-
tory will be a unit of great value to
the College of Agriculture and the
state.


Agricultural Club

Has Successful Year
The Agricultural Club is nearing
the end of a very eventful and enthu-
siastic year. Through the efforts of
the students of the College of Agri-
culture and prospective agricultural
students from the General College,
club work this year has been a great
success. The club has certainly car-
ried out its objectives which are:
bringing together faculty members
and students interested in agriculture;
promoting by association with each
other the interests of Agriculture
among its members; discussing topics


of general interest; and training
members for leadership.
During the first semester the club
engaged in two outings. The first was
a hay-ride to the Devil's Millhopper,
on Friday evening, October 16. About
50 members, dates and professors at-
tended. The program consisted of
songs, jokes, and impersonations of
professors, all being presented in the
spirit of fun.
The second was the Ag. Club fish
fry, held on the night of December 5,
in Magnolia Grove. The Ag. Club in-
vited all members of the Agricultural
College, the Experiment Station, and
the Extension Service to this event.
A very congenial group of about 125
people attended the feast. There was
no special program prepared but
everyone enjoyed the general discus-
sion carried on around the campfire.
A very desirable accomplishment
made by the Ag. Club was that sever-
al speeches were made to the local
high schools or Future Farmer Chap-
ters of the State, explaining the Ag-
ricultural College and acquainting
boys interested in agriculture with
the functions and work of the Col-
lege. Also the opportunities the Col-
lege offers the students who are to
attend were given in full account.
At every meeting of Ag. Club this
year there has been an exceptionally
good program. These programs con-
sisted of a large number of interest-
ing motion pictures, skits, musical
programs and speeches by outstand-
ing speakers. Those speakers were:
Dr. Wilmon Newell, Dean of the Col-
lege of Agriculture; Mr. H. H. Hume.
Assistant Dean of the College of Ag-
riculture and Assistant Director of
Research of the Experiment Station;
Dr. E. W. Garris, Professor of Agri-
cultural Education; H. S. Newins,
Professor of Forestry; Miss Wolf,
Dept. of Home Economics, Yonge Lab-
oratory School; Dr. Case, Agricultur-
al Missionary from India; Mr. R. WV.
Blacklock, State Boys' Club Agent;
Dr. A. P. Black, Professor of Agri-
cultural Chemistry; Mr. Kent Littig.
from U. S. D. A.; Dr. F. C. Elford.
Head of World Poultry Congress; Mr.
D. E. Timmons, Extension Economist
in Marketing; and Mr. H. G. Clayton,
State Agricultural Extension Service.
The Agricultural Club cordially in-
vites the incoming college students
who are interested in agriculture to
attend the meetings and become mem-
bers. The present members feel that
participation in the activities of the
club and association with fellow stu-
dents in a social way is essential for
a well rounded education.
-Wilton Stephens, '38.



Feed production is the outstanding
problem in improving dairy conditions
in Florida, says Hamlin L. Brown,
dairyman with the State Agricultural
Extension Service.










THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


Agricultural College to Graduate


Large Number Outstanding Students


As the school term of 1936-37 draws
to a close there are thirty-two students
who are about to leave the College of
Agriculture with their sheepskins
tucked under their arms. These men
have accomplished much in the ad-
vancement of the Agricultural Col-
lege and I am sure that in the years
to come they will be able to say with
pride that they are graduates of the
College of Agriculture of the Univer-
sity of Florida.
The department of Agricultural Ec-
onomics leads this year in that ten
men are graduating with majors in
this department. These mlen are: W.
W. Bassett, Monticello; F. I. Ben-
nett, Ocala; H. A. Carrell, Jackson-
ville; J. Davis, Mount Pleasant; R.
S. Dyal, Cocoa; D. W. Kneeshaw,
Bradenton; W. L. Richards, Maitland;
C. A. Root, Plant City; P. R. Seller,
Miami; and R. J. Swartzell, Lake
Wales.
The department that ranks second
is that of Agricultural Education
which has eight men graduating with
majors in this field. These graduat-
ing students are: E. E. Bone. Gaines-
ville; J. A. Brown, Palatka; H. A.
Henley, DeFuniak Springs; G. C.
Johnson, Baker; B. L. McLauchlin,
Fairfield; F. C. Newsome, Blounts-
town; C. L. Townsend, Bell; and J.
C. Holm, Plymouth, Indiana.
The Horticultural department has
four majors graduating this year
which places this branch third. The
men majoring in this field are: L. B.
Anderson, Winter Haven; J. L. Bar-
ton, Glen Saint Mary; J. H. Causey,
Wauchula; and B. W. Hundertmark,
Federal Point.
The departments of Entomology and
Agricultural Chemistry are tied for
fourth place with three men graduat-
ing from each of these departments.
Those graduating with majors in En-
tomology are: 0. B. Griggs, Cocoa;
G. F. Vollmer, Miami; and Miss K.
V. Wheeler of Penny Farms who has
the distinction of being the first coed
to graduate from the College of Ag-
riculture. The three men majoring in
Agricultural Chemistry are: J. Guer-
ra, Havana, Cuba; G. F. Westbrook,
Clermont; and E. L. Wirt of Babson
Park.
The departments of Agronomy and
Agricultural Engineering have two
men graduating in each of these fields.
W. H. Krome, Homestead, and F. D.
Yancey, Umatilla, will graduate with
majors in Agronomy. C. S. Glenn,
Homestead, and W. II. Moore, Starke,
will graduate with majors in Agricul-
tural Engineering.
Thus it can readily be seen that
these men represent a broad scope of
the field of agriculture. They are
technically trained men who will do
much after they graduate to better
the agricultural development of our
state.
These men are typical of the stu-
dent body which comprises the Col-
lege of Agriculture. In Alton Brown


and Charley Root we see athletes of
the finest calibre. They have served
the University well on the gridiron
and track fields. W. W. Bassett is
the present editor of the Florida Col-
lege Farmer and his guiding hand will
be missed next year. Ben McLauch-
lin was business manager of the Flor-
ida College Farmer last year and he
has also held the office of vice presi-
dent of the student body. Jeff Davis
was elected president of the senior
class and in this capacity he has
served the University splendidly.
Among the outstanding scholars in
the senior class are W. W. Bassett,
J. Guerra, W. H. Krome, G. F. West-
brook, and F. D. Yancey.
If each graduate were singled out
it would le easy to see where each
man has done much to contribute to
the progress which the Ag College has
made over the past four years. These
men have been active members of
Alpha Zeta. Ag Club, Toreador Club.
Forestry Club, Newell Entomological
Society, and Thyrsus; and most of
them have served as an officer in
one of the above mentioned clubs.
These men also have the distinc-
tion of being one of the largest groups
ever to graduate from the College of
Agriculture and they exemplify the
spirit that exists today among the
younger generation in relation to the
field of Agriculture.
I am sure that I express the sen-
timent of the entire College. both fac-
ulty and students, when I say, "We
wish you all the luck in the world.
Seniors, and we hope that you won't
forget us when you have made your
own niche in the annals of our state."
-Wayne Dean. '38.



Ag Club Goes to Tally

The annual social get-together for
the Ag Club of the University of
Florida and the 4-H Club of the Flor-
ida State College for Women was en-
joyed during the week-end of April
24-25. At that time, nearly 35 boys,
and at least the same number of girls
assembled at Camp Flastacowa near
Tallahassee and it was truly an en-
joyable occasion for both groups.
Saturday morning a school-bus left
Gainesville with about 25 boys and
arrived at the camp early that after-
noon. A few boys who were on a
field trip to Quincy, Florida, and oth-
ers who went up in cars also joined
the group.
After introductions were made and
partners selected, a varied program
of swimming, canoeing, and dancing
kept the crowd moving until eating
time. Evidently the boys and girls
who were appointed as chefs certain-
ly knew their cooking, because the
steak, together with the other food,
soon vanished.
Rain prevented any out-of-door ac-
tivities Saturday night, but nothing
was the worse for that because both
clubs had an array of skits and other


forms of entertainment that kept the
group well occupied for the evening.
Dancing concluded the day's activi-
ties.
Sunday. the boys and girls were
back at the campus in Tallahassee,
and each couple spent the day to the
best advantage for each concerned.
Late that afternoon, the boys had
to bid their kind adieu, but not until
they had convinced the girls that this
had been the best get-together the Ag
Club had ever experienced.
It has always been the custom for
the Ag Club to go up to Tallahassee
for similar occasions, but next year.
it is possible that the 4-H Club will
be invited down here for the Ag Col-
lege week-end, in order to vary the
annual program.



Students Make Long
Trip For Observing
Methods of Selling
Nineteen students of marketing in
the University of Florida College of
Agriculture were recently afforded
the opportunity to observe sale oper-
ations on some of the nation's largest
produce markets.
Accompanied by their professor, Dr.
H. G. Hamilton, the students com-
pleted a week's motor trip to Colum-
bia, S. C., Washington, Philadelphia,
New York, and other large cities.
Primarily interested in the market-
ing of fruits and vegetables, they paid
special attention to the sales of these
commodities from Florida and Cali-
fornia and they obtained much valu-
able information on differences in
products, the demand, and the prices
they brought.
At Columbia, S. C., they visited the
Federal Land Bank and conferred
with bank officials. In Washington
they were greeted by Governor W. I.
Myers, of the Farm Credit Adminis-
tration. They also visited large mar-
kets in Baltimore, Philadelphia, and
New York City. In addition to their
visits to markets in New York, they
also visited the Stock and Cotton Ex-
changes and attended a broadcast
from Radio City. On the return trip,
they visited the Onley, Va., Farmers'
Cooperative, which is said to be the
oldest cooperative of its kind in the
United States.
The trip, according to Dr. Hamilton,
was made to give the students a clear
understanding of methods and prac-
tices employed in some of the nation's
largest markets and to give them an
opportunity to confer with leading
marketing specialists.
The party traveled 2,200 miles on
the trip.


The fertilizer cost constitutes from
30 to 60 percent of the total cost of
maintaining a Florida citrus grove,
it has been ascertained by the State
Agricultural Extension Service. Suc-
cessful citrus production depends in
large measure upon proper fertiliza-
tion.


commonn salt has been recognized
as an essential mineral for man and
animals for at least 1,900 years.


June, 1937











THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER June, 1937


Alpha Zeta Accomplishes


Objectives During Year
By WILTON STEPHENS, Chronicler


The Fraternity of Alpha Zeta is a
national honorary agricultural fra-
ternity, the student members of which
are selected from among undergradu-
ate students in the College of Agri-
culture with high scholarship on the
basis of character, leadership and
personality.
The object of this fraternity is to
promote the profession of agriculture;
foster and develop high standards of
scholarship, character, leadership and
a spirit of fellowship among all its
members; to create and bind together
a body of outstanding technical men
who by scholarly attainment, faithful
service and maintenance of ethical
ideals and principles have achieved
distinction and are capable of honor-
ing achievement in others; to strive
for breadth of vision, unity of action
and accomplishment of ideals; to com-
mend all worthy deeds and if frater-
nal welfare demands to counsel with
its members.
The Florida Chapter of Alpha Zeta
has carried out its objectives this
year through the conscientious work
of its members.
Sidney Marshall, chancellor for the
coming year, represented Florida at
the national biennial conclave, held in
Chicago, December 28-31, 1936. Ac-
cording to his report to the local chap-
ter, the conclave was very inspiration-
al, and he shall try to carry out the
ideas that were learned, during his
term of office.


The Fraternity,
on a farm hour
each month over


during the year, put
radio program once
station WRUF.


New members are elected once each
semester. The first semester initiation
was conducted November 24, 1936.
Students initiated were: L. B. Ander-
son, M. T. Gallagher, D. W. Knee-
shaw, H. C. Lunsford, R. G. McLen-
don, W C. McRae, D. H. Means, L. J.
Mills, R. M. Reams, F. H. Rich, G. T.
Sims, and E. W. Stephens. The in-
itiation for the second semester was
held April 2, 1937. Those receiving
this honor were: C. 0. Allen, W. H.
Stone and T. R. Young. A very en-
joyable banquet was given at the
Varsity Grill, following the initiation.
Dr. E. W. Garris was toastmaster and
Major W. L. Floyd was the principal
speaker. After installation of the
new chancellor by W. H. Krome, the
new officers and members gave short
talks.
Officers of the Fraternity for the
1937-38 school year are: Sidney Mar-
shall, Chancellor; Frank Rich, Cen-
sor; Clyde Driggers, Scribe; Reuben
Reams, Treasurer; Wilton Stephens,
Chronicler. Members of the faculty
committee are: Dr. H. G. Hamilton,
Chairman; Professor C. E. Abbott
and Professor Frazier Rogers.
Not the least of the fraternity's ac-
complishments for the year was the
editing of two publications for the
Agricultural College. Alpha Zeta Sun-
shine contains news of interest to
all students and alumni of the Col-
lege and especially those of Alpha
Zeta. The College of Agriculture Year-
book includes reports from all organ-
izntions in the College and an entire
membership roll of the College of Ag-
riculture.


The above picture was snapped just before these Ag College cowboys
led the parade announcing the arrival of the Livestock Show and Rodeo.
The colorful parade of horses, antique carriages, surreys, and whip-
cracking Toreador cowboys made its way from the Agricultural College
up University Avenue, around the city square, thence back to the campus.
Those in the picture, from left to right, are Pat Moore, Bob Cato, L. K.
Edwards and Elliot Whitehurst.


As the old school year closes The
Florida College Farmer is making
preparations for a new scholastic
year. The newly elected officers
will do their bit in maintaining the
high standard set by their prede-
cessors.
These officer are:
J. Clyde Driggers, Editor.
Edwin B. Weissinger, Managing
Editor.
Arthur M. McNeely, Business Man-
ager.
Henry C. Lunsford, Associate Busi-
ness Manager.



Wives of Faculty and

Experiment Station

Entertain Toreadors

Continuing an annual affair, the
wives of the Ag College faculty and
Agricultural Experiment Station enter-
tained the members of the Toreador
Club in a buffet supper on the eve-
ning of May 7. This annual event has
always followed the staging of the
Little International Livestock Show
on the campus of the University of
Florida.
Mrs. Wilmon Newell, acting as
chairman of the buffet supper, ex-
pressed the interest of the faculty
wives in the boys of the College of
Agriculture and the work they are do-
ing.
Honored guests present were: Dr.
J. J. Tigert, president of the Univer-
sity of Florida; H. H. Hume, assist-
ant dean, College of Agriculture, re-
search; Major W. L. Floyd, assistant
dean of the College of Agriculture, ad-
ministration; Mr. A. H. Goedert, rep-
resentative of Jones-Chambliss Com-
plany; Sheriff J. P. Ramsey; Mr. L.
K. Edwards, Irvine, and others.
Awards were made to all those
winning first places in showing ani-
mals or in other events of the show.
The highest honors came to Sidney
Marshall of Greenville, and Waldo
Bishop of Aucilla, for winning grand
championship in the beef and dairy
class respectively. Mr. Goedert pre-
sented Sidnel Marshall a cup for
showing the grand champion beef ani-
mal and the Florida Theatre pre-
sented Waldo Bishop a cup for show-
ing the grand champion in the dairy
class. R. H. Milton, Miami, received
a cup from Dupont de Nemours Co.
Inc., for the best bird in the show,
and Woodrow Osteen, Lamont, was
presented a silver cup from Purina
Mills for the best dozen eggs in the
show.
The retiring president of the Tore-
ador Club, Wilson Matthews, ex-
pressed his appreciation for the co-
operation that had been shown in
making this year in Toreador activities
successful. The new president, Sid-
ney Marshall, expressed hopes for
next year's activities. Other officers
for next year are: Gilbert Tucker, of
Bunnell, vice-president; Ottis Pippin,
of Vernon, secretary and treasurer,
and Orville Struthers, of Winter
Haven, reporter.


THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


June, 1937










June, 1937 THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER 15




Ag College Night Gala Affair


Agricultural College Night is an af-
fair of which we in the Ag College
are justly proud, and to which we look
forward as a yearly event. Come with
me to Ag College Night in 1937-stars
overhead, soft voices, sweet music,
all unite to convey that atmosphere
which bespeaks a good party. The
orchestra sits against a striking back-
ground of red, bordered by white,
with stars sprinkled over it and a new
moon high in one corner. Bamboo
clumps and plants turn the everyday
gym that we know into a fitting back-
ground for Ag College Night.
As we enter the hall we are greet-
ed by members of the reception com-
mittee who graciously introduce us to
Dean and Mrs. Newell, Professor and
Mrs. Hume, Major and Mrs. Floyd,
and Mr. and Mrs. Mowry, who are in
the receiving line.
We are then guided to a table where
a pretty young lady pins numbers on
us to identify us in the voting contest.
It seems that the men are to vote for
the most beautiful girl, the girl with
the most kissable lips, girl with the
most "It", girl with the prettiest hair,
most ideal "farm girl", and for sev-
eral other qualities. The girls are
given a chance to retaliate by choos-
ing the most beautiful man, man with
the biggest feet, best-dressed man,
lan with most personality, and the
man with the funniest face, among
other things. The ballots are to be
counted by a committee of professors,
who assure us that everything will be
on the up and up, with no stuffing of
the ballots.
After a clever play titled "And The
Lamp Went Out," has been presented
by five students, two of them co-eds,
Wilmer Bassett, the master of cere-
monies, calls for the men 1 to line u
on one side of the hall and tihe girls
on the other for the Grand March.
Dean and Mrs. Newell lead it, and
directed by the master of ceremonies
we perform many intricate figures.
After the Grand March dancing is
under way with those wvho do not care
to dance playing games. Somewhat
warm and thirsty, we ire delighted
to find delicious punch being served
at the "Jungle Gardens" in one cor-
ner of the gym.
At 10:30 our master of cerelllonies
introduces "Billy" Matthews, who is
to announce the fashion show. Billy
has prepared some really clever poet-
ry with which lie introduces each
beautiful model. The "Misses" Ray-
mond Tucker. Charlie Glenn, Rankin
Cox. Clyde Driggers. Frank Rich, W'.
E. Bishop. and Wallace Arey model.
in turn, a bathing suit, beach py-
jamas, a flowing negligee, a sports
outfit, a street dress and hat, a fatch-
ing afternoon dress and an evening
dress. The models are in the best of
form and exhibit their apparel in the
most striking manner.
When results on the voting are
given we find that Dean Newell is
the most graceful man dancer, that
Dr. Enmmel has the most kissable lips,
that Bill Henley has not only the
most personality but also the biggest
feet, and that Prof. Rogers has the


most intriguing smile. Prof. Wil-
loughby's tails, white tie and cane
easily win him the title of best-dressed
man, and when the man with the fun-
niest face fails to appear Rabbit Rob-
binls is unanimously elected to fill his
place, even though he is an orchestra
leader and not a farmer.
Mrs. Newell is considered the ideal
farm gal, Miss Dorothy Bullard has
the most "It", Miss Ruby Carter has
the most kissable lips, and Miss Eunice
Nixon's lovely hair wins her the de-
served title of the girl with prettiest
hair. Bags of potatoes, squash, and
beans are given out as prizes, not to
mention huge bunches of onions, car-
rots, and eggs.
Now on with the dance-the differ-
ent colors of the girls' dresses making
a pretty contrast with the darker
shades of the men's clothes. On the
edges of the floor and in the corners.
we see some of the more talented
dancers taking advantage of Rabbitt's
swing music to go in for a little plain
and fancy trucking, and there is a
rumor that someone has seen Dr.
Senn trucking up a breeze in his
Jungle Garden corner All good things
must come to and end. however, and
it is with real regret that we hear the
music die away. leaving Ag College
Night of 19-7 as another enjoyable
memory.






Our Editor

Our Editor's the kind of guy
Who swears when copy isn't in-
Or isn't all it should have been-
And wants to know the reasons why.
He always says, "What say we try
To get our little magazine
Issued on time for once. I've seen
Slow work, hut this gets in my eye."

So he stays up a night or two
Rewriting all the stuff we wrote,
And sends the printer one more note
To ask for time on "bills now due."
He does the work of each one who
Is featured on the masthead. "Goat"
Describes him very well. We vote
To him the jobs of all the crew.

The Editor's a crazy guy
Who fills in space with things like
these
"In China chickens die from fleas
Unless they're fed with glue or lye."
He prints such drivel to comply
With column lengths where stories
sneeze
Their last an inch too short to please
They fill the page delightfully.

Take him for all in all, we guess
The Editor's a decent bird.
It has been said, or overheard,
That he has moods of lucidness.
And though he never would confess
That he was brainy, it's absurd
To say he isn't bright. My word!
He graduates a great success.
-The Staff.


Alpha Zeta


Urges


FUTURE COLLEGE STUDENTS


to Select the


COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE


of the


UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA


for


ADVANCED TRAINING


in


Agricultural Chemistry

Agrcuiltural Education

Agricultural Engineering

Agronomy

Animal Husbandry

Economics

Entomology

Horticulture

Forestry



FOR FURTHER INFORMATION


WRITE


Dean Wilmon Newell

College of Agriculture

University of Florida
GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA








THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


FUTURE FARMERS



OF AMERICA


Winners Announced in


1935-36 Crops Contest
By H. E. WOOD


There were twenty-four chapters
entered in the 1935-36 Crops Contest
and approximately one hundred rec-
ord books were judged. The factors
on the score card for selecting win-
ners were as follows: Yield per acre,
cost per unit, labor income per hour,
total net profit, return per dollar in-
vested, number hours of self labor, ac-
curacy, and ownership. The total
value of these factors was one hun-
dred points and each factor counted
ten points except "ownership" which
rated thirty points. Scope was not
a factor on the score card since it
was reflected by the "total net profit"
and the "hours of self labor." There-
fore, scope played an important part
in winning; particularly in the Cot-
ton Contest.
The prizes offered were $15.00 for
first place, $10.00 for second place,
and six $5.00 awards in each contest.
There were four contests and the win-
ners in each, in order of their rank,
are listed as follows:
The Cotton Contest -Walter McCol-
lough. Tom Bell, John Tucker, Felder
Bell, all of Liberty Chapter near De-
Funiak Springs; James Wells, of Jay;
Cecil Hall, of Liberty; Gilbert Moore,
of Baker; and Claude Colvin, of Lib-
erty.
The Vegetables Contest-Billy Til-
let, Palmetto, on tomatoes; John
Jones, Sanford, on celery; Wilbur
Dennis, Palmetto, on cucumbers;
Warren Wood, Redland, on Irish po-
tatoes; Walter Richardson, Reddick,
on cucumbers; Aaron Leonard, Red-
dick, on squash; James Sullivan, Red-
dick, on snap beans; and Frank Jones,
Sanford, on snap beans.
Corn Contest-Claude Colvin, Lib-
erty; Bruce Carr, Jay; Arthur Brown,
Jay; Frank Jones, Sanford; Gilman
Moore, Baker; John Jones, Sanford;
L. S. Adams, Liberty; and Murray
Bell, of Liberty.
Miscellaneous Contest Kenneth
Emerson, Alachua. on tobacco; Quin-
ton Williams, Graceville, on peanuts;
Otto Douglas, Alachua, on tobacco;
Winston Waterson, Largo, water-
melons; Charles Edward Ivey, Grace-
ville, peanuts: Brown Williams, Beth-
lehem. peanuts; Victor Gilley, Willis-
ton, okra; and Coleman Messer. Mari-
anna, tobacco.
It will be seen in reviewing the
above list of winners that the Liberty
Chapter had an outstanding record.


This chapter submitted eighteen rec-
ord books on corn, cotton, and pea-
nuts. Out of the eighteen individuals
entered in the contest, seven were
winners with a total of nine prizes
won.

In reviewing some of the accom-
plishments of the winners in the Cot-
ton Contest, Walter McCollough made
$320.47 net profit on his 10 acres of
cotton which he owned one hundred
per cent, and on which he put 477
hours of his own self labor. Walter
made 41c an hour for working on this
cotton and produced 378 pounds of
lint to the acre at a cost of ic per
pound. Tom Bell produced 400 pounds
of lint to the acre with a net profit
of $112.82 and made 51c per hour la-
bor income. He worked 276 hours on
his project, while John Tucker made
468 pounds of lint per acre and $138.06
net profit but only worked 160 hours
on his project. The labor income per
hour made by the winners in the Cot-
ton Contest ranged from 31c to 56c.
There was the difference of only 5 1-2
points between the first place winner
and the eighth place winner.

In the Vegetables Contest, Billy Til-
let made 11.000 pounds of tomatoes on
his acre, which netted a profit of
$229.23. His return per dollar in-
vested was $3.92 and for every hour
of man labor expended on this proj-
ect, the labor income was $1.09. These
tomatoes were produced at a cost of
7 mills per pound. John Jones of
Sanford, who was an outstanding in-
dividual in Crops Contests of 1934-35,
also submitted some records this year
which were equally as outstanding,
with the exception that the competi-
tion was keener than a year ago. In
winning second place on celery, John
Jones produced 559 crates on his acre
with a net profit of $575.63, at a labor
income per hour of $1.25, while the
cost of producing the celery was $1.21
per crate. Wilbur Dennis had three
acres of cucumbers which averaged
172 bushel tubs per acre, produced at
a cost of $1.00 per tub. The net pro-
fit made on the three acres was
$426.24, or a labor income of 59c per
hour. Walter Richardson of the Red-
dick Chapter, but whose home address
is Evinston, produced 154 crates of
cucumbers to the acre on a 2 1-4 acre
project at a cost of 67c per crate, a
labor income per hour of 61c, and a
net profit of $200.15.

The winners in the Corn Contest


made some remarkable records in la-
bor income per hour, which ranged
from 47c per hour to $2.12 per hour.
Bruce Carr of Jay, made 53 bushels
of corn per acre on his three-acre
project with a labor income of $2.12
per hour, return per dollar invested
of $5.20, and a net profit of $128.25.
The yields in the, Corn Contest ranged
all the way from 40 bushels to 53
bushels per acre. All of the projects
were three acres in scope except two
which were five acres each. This
corn was produced at a cost per
bushel ranging from 18c to 33c. The
Corn Contest was very closely con-
tested between the three first-place
boys. In fact, the winner was only
.2 point ahead of the second indivi-
dual, and 2.1 points ahead of the
third place individual.
In the Miscellaneous Contest, last
year was evidently a good year for
bright-leaf tobacco. Kenneth Emer-
son ranked first. Otto Douglas ranked
third, and Coleman Messer ranked
eighth, all on tobacco projects. The
labor income per hour on tobacco
ranged from 38c per hour to 77c, while
the net profit per acre ranged from
$59.06 to $302.90. Kenneth Emerson
made a yield of 1,138 pounds, Otto
Douglas made 1,300 pounds, and Cole-
man Messer made 692 pounds per acre
with a range in cost per pound from
5c to 8c. Charles Edward Ivey made
72 bushels of peanuts to the acre on
his three-acre project at a cost of 19c,
which netted him a profit of $109.63.
Victor Gilley had eight acres of okra
on which he made a profit of $210.51
and which he produced at a cost of
54c per bushel, the yield per acre be-
ing 42 bushel hampers. Winston
Waterson did exceptionally well on
1 1-2 acres of watermelons. This
project paid 66c per hour labor in-
come, a return per dollar invested of
$2.81. and made $90.74 profit for the
owner. Brown Williams also had an
excellent peanut project of two acres.
He produced 70 bushels to the acre
and made a profit of $99.15.
'he winners in the various Crops
Contests were all one hundred per
cent owners of their projects, and one
hundred per cent Future Farmer
members in good standing. In ferti-
lizing these various crops, it was left
to the local chapter's adviser as to the
best known practices to use on each
crop. In all cases, except peanuts,
nitrate, of soda was used as a side
dressing in various quantities accord-
ing to the crop on which it was used.
The prizes, amounting to $55.00 per
contest, will be awarded at the State
Convention, Future Farmers of Amer-
ica, June 15, 16. and 17, to be held in
Gainesville.


June, 1937







THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


College F. F. A. Chapter
Organized on Campus
Vocational Agricultural students at
the University of Florida met March
8, 1937, and organized the University
of Florida Collegiate Chapter, Future
Farmers of America. The purposes
of the organization are as follows:
1. To furnish further training facili-
ties at the University of Florida for
developing proficiency in conducting
and advising local F. F. A. Chapters.
2. To promote a respect and a love
for the vocation of teaching agricul-
ture to the rural people.
3. To promote scholarship among
students who are preparing to be
teachers of agriculture.
4. To develop leadership ability.
5. To encourage social, recreational
and educational activities for students
who are preparing to be teachers of
agriculture.
The officers elected to serve for
the second semester, 1936-37, were as
follows: president, C. S. Glenn; vice-
president, W. E. Bishop; secretary.
J. A. Brown; treasurer, T. M. Love;
reporter, J. L. Rhoden; adviser, Dr.
E. W. Garris; farm watch dog, J. C.
Holm; and G. C. Johnson, H. A. Hen-
ley, Wayne Kneeshaw, were elected
as the executive members.
Membership in the University of
Florida Collegiate Chapter, Future
Farmers of America, is of three types
-active, associate, and honorary.
There are two degrees of advance-
ment for active members, that of the
Greenhand, and the Future Farmer.
The insignia for the Greenhand de-
gree is a bronze owl super-imposed
with the F. F. A. design; for the Fu-
ture Farmer degree is a gold owl with
the F. F. A. design, superimposed.


State Officers Plan
F. F. A. Convention
Meeting in conjunction with the F.
F'. A. convention in Orlando, March
20, officers of the Florida Associa-
tion, Future Farmers of America,
headed by President Myron Grennell,
laid down plans for the ninth annual
State convention to be held at the
University of Florida, June 15, 16, 17.
This event marks the annual high-
light in State F. F. A. activities dur-
ing which varied contests will be held


and prizes awarded. Among these
will be athletics, including diamond
ball and swimming; public speaking,
in which there will be a participant
from each of the six Florida F. F. A.
districts; music contests, composed of
competition in fiddling, harmonica
playing, quartet singing, and string
band playing; lastly, the most impor-
tant annual contest will be the judg-
ing of livestock, including horses, cat-
tle-dairy and beef, swine, sheep, and
poultry. The coveted winning team
in this contest will represent Florida
in the nation-wide judging contest
held at the National Convention, F.
F. A., during the American Royal
Livestock Show in Kansas City, Mis-
souri, in October.
Two official delegates from each of
the sixty-odd Florida chapters will
practice parliamentary procedure as
they conduct daily business sessions
during the convention. At one of
these sessions new officers will be
elected and the degree of Florida
Planter will be conferred upon not
more than forty worthy candidates.
The annual State event will be con-
cluded by a banquet at which Honor-
able Colin English, State Superintend-
ent of Public Instruction, will speak.
Also the various awards and prizes
will be presented at this banquet. The
State officers will be in charge,
among which are Myron Grennell,
Homestead, president; Oscar Watson,
Jay, vice-president; Charles Nowlin,
Gonsalez, secretary; Marion Bishop,
Aucilla, treasurer; John R. Jones, Jr.,
Sanford, reporter; J. F. Williams, Jr.,
Tallahassee. adviser; Glen Steckel,
Miami, William Miner, Apopka, D. R.
Flowers, Largo, executive members.
The State organization of F. F. A.
was chartered in 1928, and has grown
to a membership of nearly 2,000, with
sixty-odd local chapters.


FUTURE FARMERS FLASHES
Maccleny-The Maccleny Chapter
of Future Farmers of America reports
that it has assisted in bringing into
the community more than 10,000 baby
chicks and $600 worth of purebred
hogs during the last year.
Miami-The Miami, Homestead,
Redland, and John L. Butts Chapters
of Future Farmers of America placed
an excellent exhibit in the Dade Coun-
ty Fair.


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June, 1937


3in AMemoriam

EDWIN WALKER FRANCIS SHEPPARD
BERNARD ROWAN HUGH EUBANKS
HARRY VAN LANDINGHAM RUSSELL ROWAN
MACK SHEPPARD

(Members of the Greensboro Chapter of the Future Farmers of
America who lost their lives in the tragic school bus accident near
Chattahoochee, Saturday night, May 8, 1937.)








THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


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Jackson Grain Co.

State Distributors
TAMPA, FLORIDA


Year Old Ocala Chapter Has


Outstanding Group Project


The group project of the Ocala
Chapter of F. F. A. is two and a half
acres of Sea Island cotton, a crop
that Marion county farmers are try-
ing to revive in Central Florida. M.
C. Roche, agricultural instructor, F.
F. A. members and R. A. Stratford,
county agricultural agent, are work-
ing co-operatively in producing the
crop. Sea Island cotton, according to
predictions, will soon be one of the
leading crops in Central Florida, es-
pecially in Marion County. There-
fore, the Future Farmers are taking
the initial step in trying to revive
cotton production through this ex-
perimental measure.
The land was broken up and disked
by J. D. Carpenter, F. F. A. member,
with a tractor owned by his father.
The land was fertilized with five dif-
ferent kinds of fertilizer as follows:
(Per acre basis, each plot consisting
of one-half acre). Plot No. one, 200
pounds of a complete fertilizer per
acre. Plot No. two, 200 pounds of a
complete fertilizer per acre, plus 100
pounds of nitrate of soda, plus one
ton of waste pond phosphate. Plot
No. three, 200 pounds of a complete
fertilizer per acre, plus 100 pounds
of nitrate of soda, plus 100 pounds of
Kainit. Plot No. four, 400 pounds of
a complete fertilizer, plus 100 pounds
of nitrate of soda, plus 100 pounds of
Kainit. Plot No. five, one ton of
wastepond phosphate, plus 200 pounds
of a complete fertilizer, plus 100
pounds of nitrate of soda.
The main objective of this experi-
ment is to determine which kind of
fertilizer is best to use on Marion
county soils. The cotton was planted
about March 15. The, proceeds from
this enterprise will be turned over to
the F. F. A. treasury, after the cost
of producing it has been paid. The
Central Truck & Tractor Company of
Ocala is furnishing the equipment to
plant and cultivate the cotton crop.
The work will be furnished by indi-
vidual members of the chapter. This
work will give the boys practical ex-
perience, thus enabling them to pro-
duce better crops, and pass their
knowledge on to their fathers and
neighbors, which will be a great help
to the farmers of the community.
A great interest was taken in agri-
culture this year, regardless of the
fact that this is the, first year that
this work has been offered as a regu-
lar course in the high school. So
many more boys wanted agriculture
the second semester that Mr. Roche
had to install a new course. The pur-
pose of this new course is to teach
boys living in town how to beautify
their homes by planting shrubbery,
trees, and flowers. This course also
teaches those taking it how to plant
home gardens and many other ways of
home improvement.
Besides the regular routine of work
carried on by the members of the
agriculture classes, the boys have
done much toward the improvement


of the school campus. Many shrubs,
flowers, and plants of all descriptions
were set out around the buildings and
on the grounds. Needless to say,
when these plants have reached ma-
turity, they will add greatly to the
beauty of the campus. Several thou-
sand petunia plants were set out by
the Future Farmers and are now in
full bloom.
The Ocala High School football
field was in a bad condition-weeds
and sandspurs thrived abundantly
among the light sod of bermuda grass.
Then came to the Future Farmers the
job of improving the field. With hoes,
rakes, spades, and other implements,
they went to work, cutting out the
grass and sandspurs, and raking the
field. Part of the field was plowed
up and disked. Then with spades and
rakes the field was leveled until it
was as smooth as possible. The field
was fertilized and seventy-five pounds
of Bermuda grass seed were planted;
these seeds should soon begin to ap-
pear above the ground. With this
great improvement made on the field,
the coming grid season should be an
exceptionally good one.


IMPORTANT CHANGES IN
FLORIDA EGG CONTEST
RULES ARE ANNOUNCED


Chipley, Fla.-When the llth Flor-
ida National Egg-Laying Contest clos-
es here on September 22, no birds will
be held over another week to obtain
their year's record, says Supervisor E.
F. Stanton. This decision was reached
at a recent conference of contest man-
agers, and will permit a thorough
cleaning of the contest property be-
fore new birds are received.
The official contest period covers
51 weeks, but heretofore some of the
high producing hens have been held
for a full year to obtain their records.
Next year the records of all 13
birds in a pen will be counted, in-
stead of just the high 10, Mr. Stan-
ton says.
As the contest closed its sixth
month recently, average production
stood at 109.2 eggs, credited with
106.9 points for each bird. Birds
owned by Marshall Farm of Mobile,
Alabama, recorded highest production
during March, while a pen owned by
the St. Paul, Minnesota Hatchery, is
in the lead for six months.
Among individual birds, one entered
by Pinebreeze Farm of Callahan,
Florida, is third for the six months.
and another from M. N. Shonda of
South Jacksonville is tied for fifth
place during March.


Fertilizer consumption in Florida
during 1936 was higher than that of
any previous year, says the National
Fertilizer Association.


June, 1937








THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


Only the best of feed and care can
produce hens that will lay early and
abundantly. Undernourished or dis-
ease-weakened pullets are valueless
as prospective egg producers. To have
the pullets come into production when
the price of eggs is highest (from Oc-
tober to January) a balanced ration
should be given them. The following
formula is recommended by the U. S.
Department of Agriculture:
Parts by
Ingredient Weight
Y ellow corn m eal .... ..................................40
B ran .....................15
Middlings (or ground wheat).......10
Meat or fish meal (53.9 percent
protein) ...........10
Rolled oats (or oat groats)................. 10
Dried milk (34.6 percent pro-
te in ) ............................... ........................ ............ 1 0
Alfalfa leaf m eal ............. .... ....... 2
Ground lim stone .............................. 2
S a lt .. .................. .. ........ .... ............. 1

Total (protein 18.6 percent) 100
Add to this 1 or 2 percent cod-liver
oil, mixed with the mash or soaked
into the scratch feed, which may be
composed of half corn and half wheat.
Equal portions of mash and grain is
about the right proportion when the
birds are 10 weeks old. As the pullets
develop the need for protein decreas-
es; therefore the amount of grain fed
should be increased as the birds get
older. Too much protein will make
them lay too early while they are still
physically immature. Pullets that be-
gin to lay too early while they are yet
underdeveloped lay fewer and small-
er eggs than pullets that are allowed
to develop normally.
The need for an easily digested, bal-
anced ration cannot be overempha-
sized. The nearer the approach to a
perfect feed supply, the more rapidly
is the mature size approached. When
choosing a feed, whether it be com-
mercial or home-mixed, avoid an ex-
cess of crude fiber which is almost in-
digestable to chickens.
A balanced ration must contain
several important minerals. Salt fur-
nishes the body with its supply of
sodium and chloride. A deficiency of
calcium retards bone growth. Grit as-
sists in the economical digestion of
feed, especially grain, and is neces-
sary to maintain the birds in the best
of health.
The cheapest, yet most necessary,
single element in poultry feeding is
water. Water is present in a chick-
en's body in greater proportions than
any other chemical group. Water is
the basis of life. Besides its use as a
food, water has many uses in the nor-
Inal functions of a chicken's body. It
dissolves the feed so it can pass from
one organ to another. Chickens have
no sweat glands. but the body tem-
perature is regulated by evaporation
through the air sacs, the lungs, and
the skin. Wise poultrymen keel) their
chickens healthy by encouraging the
flock to drink much water with a
fresh, clean supply.


There is a direct relationship be-
tween the amount of food consumed
and the rate of growth of the birds.
As the pullets get older it is well to
check on the hopper space. Fresh
greens will provide vitamins, succu-
lence, and stimulate interest in feed.
The addition of milk to the diet will
increase growth and help maintain
good health generally. A variety of
foods not only encourages food con-
sumption, but also insures better nu-
trition by compensating for individual
differences in fowls.


RAISE LARGE LITTERS
OF HEALTHY PIGS FOR
PROFITS, SAYS SHEELY

Gainesville. Fla. Raise healthy
pigs for profit. That is the essence of
information being supplied to Florida
hog raisers at this time by W. .T.
Sheely, agent in animal husbandry
with the State Agricultural Extension
Service. He says that sanitation pays
in helping the pigs to utilize feeds to
better advantage, and in lessening
loss by death.
Pointing out that the number of


Feeding Pullets for Early Laying

By J. CHARLES JAMISON, '40


Fertilizers a


mean BETTER CROPS!
THE GULF FERTILIZER COMPANY, Tampa, Florida


June, 1937


pigs raised to weaning age affects
profits in the hog industry, Mr. Shee-
ly says that brood sows failing to
raise large litters are a feed loss. He
cites records to show that six sows
with seven pigs per litter will produce
42 pigs on an average of 5,712 pounds
of feed, while 13 sows with three pigs
per litter will produce 39 pigs on
11,336 pounds of feed.
To produce large, healthy litters it
is necessary to select good sows and
gilts for breeding stock, keep them
thrifty on pasture or in fields of
grazing crops, with supplemental feed
of corn and either tankage, fish meal
or peanuts. Mineral mixtures should
be available at all times. Sows out of
prolific litters bred to boars from
large litters usually farrow the most
pigs.
Mr. Sheely says that parasites kill
from 20 to 40 percent of the pigs be-
fore they reach weaning age, and
cause 12 percent to be runts. This is
a dead loss which can be prevented
by having the sows farrow in fields
or lots that have been cultivated since
hogs were last on the land, and keep-
ing the pigs grazing on cutivated
land supplied with grazing crops,
fresh water, shelter, and mineral mix-
ture.
Pigs grown and finished on worm-
free land, away from old hog lots,
wallows and water holes, will finish
out to market weight 30 days earlier
and use 15 percent less feed than will
pigs infested with parasites.








THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


25 College Scholarships
Offered to Leading Farm
Boys of Florida Annually
On May 1 the State Board of Control
approved the acceptance of a gift of
$2,500 to the University of Florida
from Sears, Roebuck and Company,
Dr. John J. Tigert, President of the
university of Florida, recently an-
nounced. The donation is designed to
establish 25 scholarships valued at
$100 each. These scholarships will be
awarded to boys having a very defi-
nite interest in agriculture and a de-
sire to continue study along agricul-
tural lines.
The applicant must have complied
with all the requirements for admis-
sion to the University of Florida and
his pre-college work must have given
promise of a capacity to do high
grade college work. Applications for
these scholarships should be filed
with B. A. Tolbert, Dean of Students
and chairman of the University Com-
mittee on Scholarships.
Further conditions for awarding
these scholarships state that the ap-
plicant must have taken part in some
form of 4-H Club, Future Farmer, or
other agricultural activity in his com-
munity and must have given evidence
of leadership ability among his fel-
lows. He must possess good moral
character and good reputation, as evi-
denced by testimonials from leading
business men and other leaders in his
community. He must also be in good
health.
After registering at the University
of Florida the recipient of a scholar-
ship will be required to maintain a
high scholastic average, and in no
nase will a scholarship be continued
where the student's semester average
is less than "C." The winners of
scholarships will also be expected to
take part in student affairs and to
demonstrate definite qualities of lead-
ership among their fellow students.
The scholarships are available only
to first-year students at the Univer-
sity of Florida, and consequently the
Agriculture. However, when the stu-
dent reaches his junior year he will
students will be registered in the Gen-
eral College and not the College of
be required to study agriculture or to
refund the scholarship before he can
obtain credit in any other college at
the University of Florida.
Minimum expenses for students at
the University are not less than $300
to $350 per year. Applicants are cau-


tioned that they should have resourc-
es of some kind which will take care
of the difference between a $100
scholarship and the minimum expense
at the University.

FORMER 4-H BOYS
(Continued from Page 8)
been one of the guiding lights in re-
ligious activities. For two years he
has been in charge of student work
and activities of the Presbyterian
Church, being assistant to Dr. U. S.
Gordon, pastor of the First Presby-
terian Church of Gainesville. Through
Bassett's efforts, Presbyterian activi-
ties among the students have thrived
and gone forward. He is also one of
the leaders in the Y. M. C. A.. and
has taken a prominent part in all re-
ligious enterprises.
In the field of publications, he has
worker tirelessly. For the, past two
years, he has guided the editorial poli-
cies of the Florida College Farmer,
and is now serving as editor-in-chief.
Wilmer has sponsored many promo-
tion schemes for the publication, and
has been almost unanimously suc-
cessful in his ventures. The results
of his efforts speak for themselves
in the present issue of the magazine.
As editor he has carried on a pro-
gram of mutual cooperation and unity
in all of the various agricultural fields
in this State. Today the Florida Col-
lege Farmer is recognized as one of
the best college agricultural maga-
zines in the nation.
In the activities of the College of
Agriculture, Wilmer always partici-
pates. The College of Agriculture
knows him as one of its ablest lead-
ers. He has been one of the promot-
ers of "Agricultural College Night"
and the annual "College Convoca-
tion.' He has been very active in the
organizations and various clubs of
his college.
The remarkable and unbelievable
part of the college career of Wilmer
Bassett is that throughout the whole
of the last four years, in addition to
his many activities, he has main-
tained a very high scholastic average.
And, to climax this, he has been a
working student, earning his entire
college expenses, serving at present
as assistant to the director of Florida
Union. When he graduates in June
the student body will lose one of its
most valuable and popular members.
As a final tribute. Wilmer was hon-
ored by being selected by Florida
Blue Key, honorary leadership and
service fraternity, as one of its mem-
bers.


9he fe#pqk Enjgrabintg foompau3 3n c.
36 SOUTH MAIN ST.
Jaconvill lrida

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Famed Vessel

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Photo by Underwood & Underwood
"A famous ship, once known in
all the headlines of the nation, but
now among the host of forgotten
vessels that ply the waters in sim-
ple commercial trade" was how the
Hopewell, Virginia, News recently
described the sturdy S. S. Vamar
after they learned her story.
Although by far not the newest
or the biggest of the steamers
which call at Hopewell for cargoes
of American nitrate of soda, the
Vamar has a proud record. Years
ago she accompanied Dr. Fritjot
Nansen, the Norwegian explorer, to
the North Pole. Later, she carried
supplies for Admiral Byrd's first
Antarctic Expedition. When the
Hopewell News found her at the
nitrate of soda plant, she was dis-
charging soda ash and picking up
American "soda" for use on the
fields of American farmers.




MISS ROESEL SUCCEEDS
MRS. HESS AS PINELLAS
DEMONSTRATION AGENT



Tallahassee, Fla. Miss Matilda
Roesel, for the past 10 years home
demonstration agent in Marion Coun-
ty, will be transferred to Pinellas
County on May 16, it is announced
by Miss Mary E. Keown. state home
demonstration agent. She succeeds
Mrs. Joy Belle Hess, who has re-
signed to become associated with the
Resettlement Administration.
Miss Roesel's experience covers a
wide field, including teaching in rural
and graded schools for 12 years be-
fore she entered home demonstration
work in Marion County in 1927. She
has made an excellent record in
Marion.


June, 1937








THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


NAVAL STORES BRING
IMPORTANT REVENUES
TO FLORIDA ANNUALLY


In olden days boats which plied the
seas needed a good supply of pitch to
caulk the seams. Gum from pine and
other suitable trees was collected,
boiled until it became a thick, sticky
pitch, and used for "naval stores".
Now, over 200 years later, the name
still applies to products from pine
trees.
Announcement of meetings being
held in Florida and Georgia Febru-
ary 2-5 by the U. S. Forest Service
and American Turpentine Farmers
Association, and that the industry is
under a marketing agreement, brings
to mind the fact that this old industry
is still important in Florida life. At
present Florida produces about one-
third of all naval stores manufactured
in the United States, and one one-
fifth of the world production. The
State has ample forest land to pro-
duce a much larger volume of naval
stores than it does at present.
Present production amounts to
about 150.000 50-gallon barrels of
gum spirits of turpentine and more
than 500.000 gum rosin, worth about
$8.000,000 annually. The industry
provides employment for over 15,000
men, its annual payroll is over $4,000,-
000. Fifty-six of Florida's 67 coun-
ties produce naval stores. Alachua
county with 17 separate turpentine
stills, has the largest number of op-
erations of any county in the State.


Most farm-owned timber worked for
naval stores is leased, but a number
of farmers are chipping, dipping and
selling their gum by the barrel to
nearby or central stills, Many farm-
ers have fifty acres of woodlot on
which 20 faces per acre could be
worked. These 1,000 faces in one sea-
son would produce about 20 50-gallon
barrels of dip, says C. H. Coulter, As-
sistant State Forester. This gum or
dip usually can be sold for from $5.00
to $8.50 per barrel. Labor and equip-
ment cost about $3.00 per barrel.
The gum turpentine and rosin in-
dustry has operated under a market-
ing agreement directed by the Agri-
cultural Adjustment Administration
for three years. By improving qual-
ity and adjusting shipments to de-
mand, prices have been improved and
the industry aided.
Gum farming brings revenue from
farm woodlots and wild lands. Three
things needed to continue and aug-
nent this income from pine trees, as
listed by Mr. Coulter, are:
1. Fire control if seed trees are
present.
2. Fire control and plantings of
seedlings where trees are scarce.
3. Careful use of the hack or pull-
er, saw and ax.
The State Forest Service in Talla-
hassee is in position to assist with
problems of reforestation and fire
control, planting seedlings, naval
stores practices, and proper care and
use of timber.

Milk is one of the richest of foods
in mineral elements.


VACCINATION AGAINST
BANG'S DISEASE GIVES
RESULTS WITH CALVES


The vaccination of calves against
Bang's disease is a promising means
of combating this serious cattle mal-
ady in adult animals, says Dr. John
R. Mohler, chief of the U. S. Bureau
of Animal Industry. But he adds the
immediate caution that this procedure
is still in the experimental stage, and
livestock owners should hesitate to
place faith in claims that promise
more than scientific findings warrant.

Erroneous and misleading state-
ments about vaccination for Bang's
disease control are being circulated
in some states.

The bureau's investigators have
found a vaccine which, used only on
calves between four and eight months
of age, is encouraging. It should be
administered only by veterinarians
familiar with its use and should not
be given to pregnant cattle or to ma-
ture cows of any kind.
Calves have appeared resistant to
the vaccinal infection, and after be-
ing vaccinated in calfhood grow into
immune cows. However, laboratory
findings must be corroborated by field
tests now under way before final and
definite recommendations can be is-
sued. And in the meantime the bu-
reau cautions cattle owners to go slow
in using the new vaccine.


Compliments of







Bassett Dairy





from the Suwannee to

the Apalachicola




Monticello, Florida


Printing---



one of the largest and most

complete plants in the Southeast













ROSE PRINTING CO.


ROSE BUILDING TALLAHASSEE
Printers Publishers Bookbinders Rulers


June, 1937


a









THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


June, 1937


i BEYOND THE CAMPUS

With Florida Agricultural Alumni


Ag. College Alumni

from 1917-1937

Class of 1917
W. Paul Hayman, Paul is Polk
county agent.
Class of 1918
Frank R. Edwards, on the staff of
the Department of Animal Husban-
dry of the Georgia Experiment Sta-
tion.
Class of 1920
R. S. Carvalho, a cattle man at Rio
De Janiero, Brazil.
H. G. Powell, Lumber and Naval
Stores business at St. Augustine.
R. S. Westmoreland, employed by
the United Fruit Company, and is
stationed in Honduras.
Class of 1921
J. R. Gunn, county agent in Oceola
County.
Len Bo Tan. Department of Agri-
culture, Canton, China.
Class of 1922
R. F. Chatham, is with the Federal
Land Bank in Columbia, S. C.
L. C. Richbourg. Manager of the
Nashville Baseball Club of the South-
ern League.
Class of 1923
Charles E. Abbott, Professor of
Horticulture at the University of
Florida.
Class of 1924
C. B. Van Cleef, employed by the
Glen St. Mary's Nursery. He received
his master's degree in 1926.
Class of 1925
William Musslewhite, Bill is a very
successful tomato grower and busi-
ness man at Homestead, Florida.
George Sixman, operates a dairy at
Deland, Florida.
Alex Johnson, Smith-Hughes teach-
er at Sanford.
George N. Wakefield, Smith-Hughes
teacher at Redland.
Class of 1926
M. T. Brooker, Chief Statistician,
Federal Land Bank, Columbia, S. C.
H. C. Bucha, Ph.D., Research Pa-
thologist, Boyce Thompson Institute.
Yonkers, N. Y.
M. B. Moore, Director of Moore's
Tropical Gardens. London. Ontario,
(anada.
John T. Creighton, Ph.D., Head,
of Department of Entomology and
Plant Pathology, Universtiy of Flor-
ida.
John P. Camp, Assistant Agrono-
mist on the Experiment Station staff
of the University of Florida.
R. M. Crown, Assistant Animal
Husbandryman at the University of
Florida Experiment Station.
A. S. Laird, county agent in Gil-
christ county.
Sam C. Means, Smith Hu g h e s
teacher at Lemon City, Florida.
D. E. Timmons, Marketing Special-
ist. Extension Service, University of
Florida.


F. W. Brumley, Extension Division
of the U. S. D. A., in charge of the
Southeastern States, Texas to Vir-
ginia.
Class of 1927
Freddie Baetzman, county agent,
Volusia county.
Charley Dawson, county agent,
Seminole county.
Rex F. Toole, Smith-Hughes teach-
er at Marianna, Florida.
J. J. Fabrega, is in the cattle busi-
ness in Panama.
L. J. Larson, "Spec" is teaching
vocational agriculture in Arcadia.
Sam G. Webb, is working on a re-
search fellowship of the E. I. du Pont
de Nemours Co., at Gainesville. Flor-
ida.
R. D. Dickey, Assistant Horticul-
turist at the Experiment Station,
Gainesville.
Class of 1928
W. H. Boyd, Science teacher in An-
drew Jackson High School. Jackson-
ville, Florida.
H. N. Haskell, Director of Physical
Education, Jacksonville Schools.
L. A. Richardson. Employed by the
Standard Fruit Company in Hon-
duras.
R. M. Jones, Associate Entomolo-
gist. Missouri Mountain Grove. Mis-
souri.
Hubert G. Guy, Research Entomol-
ogist, E. I. du Pont de Nemours Co..
Newark, Delaware.
Class of 1929
F. S. Blanton. Assistant Patholo-
gist, Bureau of Plant Industry, U. S.
D.A., Washington, D. C.
H. B. Johnson. Assistant Patholo-
gist, Bureau of Plant Industry, U.S.
D. A., Washington, D. C.
Class of 1930
Thomas L. Cain, Jr.. county agent,
Broward County. Cocoa. Florida.
Dick K. Voorhees, Assistant Pa-
thologist, Agriculture E x p e r i ment
Station, Gainesville. Florida.
L. W. Zeigler, Research Entomolo-
gist. Jackson Grain Company, Win-
ter Haven. Florida.
Bob S. Edsell. Masters '31. Produc-
tion Manager of the Deerfield Groves,
Wabasso.
Class of 1931
H. D. Freeman. Masters. '33. Head
Federal Land Bank. Sanford.
J. Russell Henderson. Masters '34,
working on State Soil Survey.
Henry A. Bess, Ph.D.. Bureau of
Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
New Haven. Conn.
Class of 1932
W. W. Lawless, Citrus Experiment
Station. Lake Alfred.
John A. Mulrenman. Entomologist.
Texas State Board of Health.
Will T. Dunn, Doctor of Veterin-
ary Science. Hartsville. S. C.
Fred Farun. employed by the De-
partment of Forests, Jerusalem, Pal-
estine.
Gregorio Mendez. Department of
Agriculture of Venezuela. and is sta-
tioned at Marocay. Venezuela.


J. C. Cox, Manager of the Citrus
Growers Supply Company. Winter
Haven.
Dick Brooks, Masters '32, Federal
Resettlement Administration at Mont-
gomery, Alabama.
Lloyd Brunk, Chairman of the Loan
Committee, Federal Land Bank. Co-
lumbia, S. C.
Class of 1933
R. O. Crabtree, Resettlement Ad-
ministration, Montgomery, Alabama.
E. M. Cook, Smith-Hughes teacher
at Bristol.
Alvin R. Howard, Smith-Hughes
teacher at Wauchula.
John W. Friezner, Citrus Fruit In-
spection Service, Crescent City.
Glen Lucas, Regional representa-
tive of the Ferry Morse Seed Com-
pany, in the Southeastern States.
G. B. Merrill, Associate Entomolo-
gist, Florida State Plant Board,
Gainesville, Florida.
John 0. Rowell, Extension Ento-
mologist, Department of Entomology,
North Carolina State College, Raleigh.
N. C.
Class of 1934
R. R. Rubin, Entomologist, U.S.D.
A.. Washington, D. C.
Howard Van Arsdale, staff of the
Soil Erosion Service, at Gracevillea
Florida.
Hugh Dukes, Soil Conservation Ser-
vice, Atlanta, Georgia.
R. E. Norris, assistant county agent
Lake County.
F. D. Yaun. county agent, Liberty
County.
A. W. Leland, superintendent of
the University Farms, Gainesville.
Class of 1935
R. J. Bishop, "Bish" is the Entomo-
logist with the Schnarr Insecticide
Company, Orlando, Florida.
John D. Haynie, Assistant Apicul-
turist, Florida State Plant Board,
Gainesville, Florida.
John G. Hentz, county agent in Bay
County.
Arnold Beck, Smith-Hughes teach-
er at Bethlehem Consolidated Schools,
Holmes County.
Atkins E. Embry, Production Man-
ager of the Embry Tobacco Company
at Quincy, Florida.
Robert S. Hosford, Smith-Hughes
teacher at Branford.
W. C. Lau, employed with the Bu-
reau of Agriculture and Forestry, and
is located at Manning, Kevangsi,
China.
J. U. Aurick, manager of a large
stock farm in Peru.
Dan McCarty, state legislator from
Indian River county.
Class of 1936
Dan Allen, Smith-Hughes teacher
at Greenville, Florida.
L. S. Maxwell, assistant county
agent, Orange county.
J. D. Setzer, Inspector. Florida
State Plant Board.
Class of 1937
Bill Jerigan, employed by the Re-
settlement Administration and sta-
tioned at Gainesville.














II The N/At




INTERNATIONALS


Section of the ALL-STEEL cab-in ALL the new
Internationals! The one-piece top, the sides, the
back and cowl panels are welded into the com-
plete cab frame. The one-piece heavy-gauge sill is
an exclusive International feature. Rubber mount-
ings stand guard wherever cushioning is needed.


/A, 11


* Style has the spotlight these days in
the new International Trucks. Stream-
lined style may be everything the public
sees when your trucks are on the road,
but in your own mind you know that
the many improvements built into these
trucks are even more important. Im-
provements designedinto them from the
drawing board up, from the laboratory
out. Qualities that will show on the job
throughout the truck's long life, and be
even more evident on the books of your
business.
Style in a truck-important as it is to-
day-is only one side of the story. Clothes
may make the man, but streamlines
alone cannot make the working truck.


In the new Internationals they dress up
the underlying stamina, the values and
the character beneath. These are the
most efficient trucks available today.
You can accept these beautiful trucks
-a completely new line, ranging in sizes
from Half-Ton to powerful Six-Wheel-
ers-either on faith, based on Interna-
tional Harvester's 30-year success with
trucks, or on a careful study of their
modern engineering. Or on both.
Come in and examine these trucks in
our showroom. Or we'll be glad to
send you catalogs covering models you
require, describing in full detail the
construction that makes these trucks
every bit as good as they look.


For Information Write to
INTERNATIONAL HARVESTER COMPANY
432-438 E. Bay Street, Jacksonville, Florida


INTE RNATIO I[.XT=IUI


NIEMEN


~~~ Llo o' "
.r /

^~~~_<.-.C~s"~^ 'MB8







THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER June, 1937


Better Quality Fertilizers

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They are known for their value-not because
they are cheaper.
We make Better Quality Brands as good as
scientific research, good materials, and care-
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You will be pleased with them. Ask any
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Jacksonville, Florida










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CAN SUPPLY YOUR FEED REQUIREMENTS


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2903 College
Jacksonville Florida


THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


June, 1937




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