PUBLISHED BY THE AGRICULTURAL CLUB OF THE UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
, A %
,-- t- -.,MD
What of the Future?
IN the near future citrus growers' prob-
lems will be solved, citrus marketing
problems will be solved-they must be-to
a point where the individual grower will
reap a gratifying profit on his monetary and
physical investment. As a matter of abso-
lute truth the Citrus Industry will be
JUST EXACTLY WHAT THE INDI-
VIDUAL GROWERS MAKE IT.
Only three points in the United States-Florida,
California and Texas raise citrus fruits in com-
mercial quantities. This means that the fruit grow-
ers of these states hold a virtual monopoly on citrus
fruit-and properly distributed, the citrus growers
will reap their full measure of profit from this mon-
opoly just as surely as do the shareholders in steel,
oil, or radio or the owner of a patented article for
which there is a popular demand.
So we repeat that the future of the Citrus Industry
will be just what the growers make of it-and it is
our sincere belief that the year 1931 will see much
more made of his opportunities than the grower has
ever made of them before.
LYONS l. ZERI .
Tampa ELT Florida
OFFICE S PLANT
805 Citrus Exc. Bldg. 35th St. and 4th Ave.
"QUALITY FERTILIZER FOR QUALITY FRUIT"
Cumberland and Liberty Mills Co.
We are distributors for Ubiko World Record Feeds. We carry a
complete stock of All Mash Poultry Feeds, also Mashes to be fed with
Scratch Grains, Union Grains Dairy Feed, Crusader Horse Feed and
for every use.
Burgman Tractor &
No. 8 Riverside Viaduct
THE FLORIDA' COLLEGE FARMER
Science and the Plow-by Nathanl
Colds, Roup and Chicken Pox in Poi
The Brahman or Zebu Cattle-by A
Florida Wins Southeastern Livestock
by C. H. Willoughby -
Future Farmers of Florida -
Florida 4-H Club News -
Over the State with Extension Work(
Former Students - -
Exchanges - -
On Palma S(
THE ONLY EXC
PURE BRED GUEI
We offer at reason
SPLENDIDLY BRED YOU
Every animal in our herd is negative
losis and infectious abortion.
Come Look 1
J. A. FROHOCK
:r M ay Graduating Class
By Raymond Rpbin
Members of the 1931 Graduating
3 Class are leaving the University of
Florida to enter, what we hope will
prove, a successful and satisfactory
ES career. They go forth into the real
world of men and things to engage
upon real tasks. The next few years
will prove the acid test of their capa-
PAGE abilities, sturdiness of character, abil-
M o ity to rise above discouragements and
Mayo 3 the lures of city life. No business or
profession offers more to the young
ltry by A. L. Shealy 4 man of individuality and pluck, who
r M. Bissett is willing to work hard, than agricul-
rhur M. Bisse ture.
Judging Contest- This class is graduating at a time
uging Contestwhen farming and industry is at a
Slow ebb; to meet the world in such a
condition should prove to be to their
advantage; their education and train-
ing will help in bringing agriculture
'NTS back to a normal condition.
A diploma is in itself no "open
sesame" to a well-paid or easy job.
Promotion and success depend upon
- each man. They have been trained
for their jobs. Go to it! It is up to
11 you to carry on!
- Jones, Thomas J.
McMullen, Kenneth Smith.
rs 9 Agronomy
Henderson, Joseph Russell.
10 Mathews, Earl Dwight.
-12 Anderson, Hans Olaf.
Freeman, Hiram Dwight.
Jones, Leon B.
De Masters, Clarence Ulysses.
Hopper, Roland Otho.
RA N H Lord, Richard Purdie.
q A NC Smith-Hughes
Lofton, William Travis.
ola Bay Mitchell, William Franklin.
Dia Bay Norfleet, Joseph Henry.
Roberts, William Harold.
Entomology ar-A Plant Pathology
LUSIVELY Willamis, Clemmie Banks.
Those men who are candidates for
B.S.L.D. degrees are as follows:
RN Y H RD Landscape Designing
RNSEY HERD Pease, Theodore Kenneth.
Smith, George Thomas, Jr.
DA Only five of the candidates have an-
nounced their plans for the future.
Mr. Henderson will be located at the
University of Florida, College of Agri-
able prices culture, where he will continue as
Graduate Assistant in Agronomy.
ING BULLS FROM Mr. De Masters will be located at the
Florida State Experiment Station.
NG DAMS Mr. T. J. Jones has a position as
Graduate Student Assistant of Bac-
teriology at the University of Georgia,
e to blood test for tubercu- where he will work for his degree in
Sar i r Veterinary Medicine. Mr. Mathews
We are also tick free. will be Graduate Student Assistant at
the University of Maryland, working
Us Over on the causes and control of brown
rot of tobacco. He has his M.S. de-
gree in view. Mr. L. B. Jones is en-
rolling in Naval Aviation at Pensa-
Inc. Owners cola, Florida.
S I The other candidates have failed
FLORIDA to announce their intentions for the
future, but it is believed that every
candidate has acquired a position
along Agricultural lines.
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
A & G Brand Fertilizers
mean MORE PROFIT-and
that's what you want in a
fertiliezr. They give you the
soil stimulant from which
Syou can expect largest re-
turns on your time and
money. An A. & G. Brand
to meet every soil require-
ment. Prompt service as-
sured; write for free Price
List No. 62.
ATLANTIC & GULF FERTILIZER CO.
For 28 years and more the
blue Maltese Cross has been
a familiar sight in Florida
groves and trucklands. It is
the trade mark of The Gulf
Fertilizer Company and the
symbol of guaranteed qual-
ity, of dependable fertilizer,
of integrity in business.
Behind this emblem are the unseen experience, the wide
knowledge, the tests in the laboratory, the trials in the
field, the facilities for manufacture, and the ability and
determination to make fertilizers which shall main-
tain the reputation of "GULF BRANDS."
Bradenton Lake Wales Winter Haven Winter Garden
THE GULF FERTILIZER CO.
P. O. Box 2790
Weekly Price List
Sent on Request
Howard Grain Co.
The Mark of
Nearly fifty years of ex-
perience with Tropical
and Semi-Tropical Horti-
culture is constantly at
Royal Palm Nurseries
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
VOL. II No. 7 GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA May, 1931
Science and The Plow
HE expression "College Farmer"
at one time would have provoked a
smile. The "book farmer" is no
longer laughed at. It has been dem-
onstrated that any vocation or pro-
fession that tries to get along with-
out the application of scientific prin-
ciples is doomed to failure.
The farther we get from primitive
methods the greater the need for
knowledge on everything that man
does. Progress moves on the wheels
of science, and civilization is the
fruitage of progress. There is no vo-
cation that man follows, which is
more dependent on scientific meth-
ods than farming.
Chemistry, biology, botany, pathol-
ogy, agronomy, farm management.
animal husbandry, markets, and so-
ciology all and more are subjects that
enter intimately with the common oc-
cupation of tilling the soil. Farm
machinery, engineering and financ-
ing, each claim a share in the farm-
er's curriculum. The college farmer
has come to stay and he who ignores
the demands of this age will suffer
the punishment of inefficiency.
While the farmer now has the world
for a market, he also has the world
for a competitor. This situation calls
for a better understanding of inter-
national conditions than ever before.
Gove-'nmental relations as to tariffs,
transportation facilities, sources of
supply and demand affect profits and
losses of the farm.
There is just as great need for
brains and information to conduct
farming successfully nowadays as
there is in any other business people
follow for a livelihood. Schools, col-
leges, and universities are institutions
of learning, operating for the purpose
of imparting knowledge and training
for life. The college farmer is bet-
ter equipped for the fray than one
who has no college training.
Science and the plow must go in
the same furrow, or retrogression
waits 'round the corner. They may
both strike a stump, or hit a rock, but
neither can go far alone in supporting
civilization. They are inseparable
companions and must be so treated.
The science and the art that enter
into the making of a plow enter indi-
rectly into the life of the world. The
college curriculum must include the
plow, the same as mathematics, if it is
to perform this function to the best
Cease to cultivate the soil for one
vear and all the nations of the earth
Commissioner of Agriculture
would perish; very few people would
be left. Take all science away from
the world and the human race would
be in a state of barbaric chaos in a
few months. How thankful we should
be that science and the plow dwell to-
gether in unity and keep faith with
The dissemination of knowledge is
the function of the press. Carrying
the message to the greatest possible
number by the speaker, and by the
printed word is the function of edu-
If Florida is ever to come into her
own it will be by building a well-
rounded system of agriculture, in-
dustry, commerce, finance, and edu-
cation. The requisites of the physical
man come first in the category of re-
quirements for a well-rounded state.
Farming lies at the foundation of
physical needs. In Florida we have
such a variety of resources, so many
different crops requiring expert
knowledge to produce, grade, pack,
transport and market that only by
this aid of science can the plow func-
tion efficiently and meet the require-
ments of this day and age. The more
the opportunities, the greater the de-
mand for preparation to meet them.
An ignorant peasantry cannot meet
the requirements of American farm-
ing. This is a sociological as well as
an economic fact confronting this
country and the statesmanship of this
Progressive agriculture in Florida
has been more extensive and rapid
during the last few years than in any
From October 7, 1928, to April 1,
1929, there was imported from other
states approximately 150,000 gallons
of m:lk and 200,000 gallons of cream.
During the same months of 1930-31
tnere was imported only 4,279 gallons
of milk and 160,000 gallons of cream.
These figures show an amazing in-
crease in our agricultural industry in
one year. It was no accident. Agri-
cultural science and the plow locked
shields in a common cause and got re-
The same story was repeated in the
poultry industry, and in the livestock
industry. Sinee tick eradication has
proceeded so far the dairy interests
and the beef cattle interests have
shown remarkable development.
The importation of pure-bred cat-
tle makes a new era in the livestock
industry that speaks volumes for the
future, as no state can be a large
producer of livestock with scrub cat-
tle. Animal husbandry, as taught in
the agricultural college of the uni-
versity, fixes in the minds of the fu-
ture farmer of the state ideas of farm
management that must bear fruit.
Poultry husbandry is rapidly trans-
forming this industry from one of
haphazard chaos to one of systema-
tized and scientifically conducted in-
dustry. At the present rate of in-
crease, in a few years, Florida will
annually for poultry products.
cease to send out millions of dollars
Agricultural chemistry and organic
chemistry form links in the chain of
laboratories' aid to farming. When
it is known that the eighteen ele-
ments composing the human body are
found in us only as compounds; that
oxygen is the only free element that
can be utilized by higher plants and
animals; that we get our substance
from foods that collect their elements
from soil, air and sunbeams we begin
to feel the close connection of farm-
ing to science.
We have learned that certain re-
quirements must be met to produce
Continued on Page 12)
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
Colds, Roup and Chicken Pox in Poultry
One of the most troublesome dis-
eases of poultry is simple catarrh,
commonly called "colds." This dis-
ease, if not properly treated, often
develops serious complications which
may result in the death of many birds
in the flock. Roup and chicken pox
are diseases that often follow colds,
and these diseases are very serious.
Colds result from exposure to cold
drafts, especially at night, from ex-
posure to damp quarters, and from
unsanitary surroundings. Birds of
low vitality are the first ones to de-
velop colds. The disease is recog-
nized by a watery discharge from one
or both nostrils. In simple colds, the
discharges may disappear in one or
two days but in severe cases the dis-
charges become thicker and forms
a pasty mass around the nostrils.
The mucus membranes of the nasal
passages are highly inflamed.
In treatment for colds attention
should be directed toward locating
the cause and correcting it. If colds
develop from exposure to drafts at
night, nail boards over the cracks in
order to shut out the drafts. If damp
quarters are responsible for colds,
change the location to an area which
is well drained. The premises for
poultry should be kept clean at all
times, thereby helping materially in
warding off colds as well as many
other poultry diseases. For indi-
vidual treatment, irrigate the nasal
passages with either a saturated boric
acid solution, a weak solution of per-
manganate of potash, or a weak solu-
tion containing active chlorine.
Roup often follows colds, espe-
cially when the discharges collect in
the nasal passages of birds affected
with colds to such an extent that
these passages are occluded (closed).
The specific cause of roup is a viris
that has not yet been isolated.
The first symptom noted is a dis-
charge from the nasal passages sim-
ilar to colds. The discharge is at
first thin and watery, but in a few
days it becomes thicker, more pro-
fuse, and has a characteristic offen-
sive odor. The mucus membranes of
the nasal passages are swollen and
often completely obstructed by the
thick discharge, compelling the bird
to breathe through the mouth. The
membranes of the eyes are congested
and inflamed, the inflammation be-
ing accompanied by a thick pus dis-
charge. The eyelids are extensively
swollen, and often the lids are glued
shut by the discharge, When the
eyelids are glued shut, a cheesy
exudate develops under the lids and
as a result of the infection, the eye-
ball itself may become diseased.
When the eyeball is diseased, it is
opaque at first, followed by the for-
mation of deep ulcers and finally the
eyeball is completely destroyed.
Swollen areas may develop just be-
low the eye on one or both sides of
A. L. Shealy
Veterinarian, Florida Experiment Station
the face as a result of the infection
gaining entrance into the sinuses of
the face, causing extensive bulging
on the sides of the face.
Treatment consists in first separat-
ing the healthy birds from the sick
ones and thoroughly disinfecting the
premises. The birds in the advanced
stages of the disease should be killed
and burned. Individual treatment of
sick birds in the early stages of the
disease consists in irrigating the nasal
passages with an antiseptic solution
such as boric acid, or a weak solu-
tion containing active chlorine. Wash
the eyes with boric acid solution fol-
lowed by instilling a few drops of a
15 percent solution of argyrol into
the affected eye. The entire flock of
birds should receive a dose of Epsom
salts at the rate of 1/2 pound for
every 100 birds. The salts may be
g!ven in wet mash or in the drinking
Chicken pox, commonly called
soreheadd," is a disease affecting
chickens from two or three months
old up to and including adult birds.
The disease occurs most frequently
during the late summer, fall and win-
ter months. It is a highly contagious
disease resulting in the development
of many cases in flocks in which out-
breaks of the disease occur.
The disease is caused by a filter-
able virus which has not been iso-
lated. The germ is spread from sick
birds to healthy ones through con-
taminated food and water.
The first symptom noticed in the
disease is the occurrence of small
dark red areas around the head, in
the wattles and comb, around the
eyes, and on the eyelids of the
affected birds. These areas give rise
to small blister-like eruptions which
soon develop into sore areas covered
with hard, thick scabs. The scabs are
dark red in color. If the scabs are
removed, a yellowish, cheese-like de-
posit is noticed on the under surface
of the scabs. Raw ulcer-like areas
remain upon removal of the scabs
from the diseased parts. In severe
cases, the eyelids are affected to such
an extent that they are completely
closed. In such cases a yellowish,
cheesy discharge develops in the eyes
the same as is found in roup, and
very often the eyes are destroyed.
Chicken pox is often accompanied
by roup. Often diptheritic areas
occur in the mouth and throat, and
this form of the disease is sometimes
called "canker." The diptheritic
areas vary from the size of a pin
head to that of a pea and even larger.
A yellowish white membrane is pres-
ent over the diptheritic patches. The
membrane may be removed quite
readily and when removed, an ulcer-
ated area will be found underneath
the membrane. The diptheritic areas
may extend to the roof of the mouth
and on the tongue. The nasal pas-
sages may become congested and oc-
cluded in chicken pox also.
Treatment consists in separating
the sick birds from the well ones, and
removing every case of the disease
that later develops in the flock. The
sick birds should be given a laxative
of Epsom salts at the rate of one tea-
spoonful for every adult bird to be
treated. They should be fed lib-
erally on buttermilk or sour milk.
The diseased areas which are covered
with scabs may be treated with medi-
cated vaseline in order to soften up
the scabs, or a weak salt solution
may be used for this purpose. After
removing the scabs, the diseased
areas may be painted with tincture of
iodine, or better still, washed with a
5 percent carbolic acid solution fol-
lowed by an application of powdered
zinc oxide to the parts. Potassium
permanganate may be used in the
drinking water in an effort to prevent
the spread of the disease within the
Editor's Note-This article may be
obtained in pamphlet form by apply-
ing to the Florida Agricultural Ex-
periment Station for Press Bulletin
Farmers' Week at University
Will Begin August 10
The 10th annual Farmers' and
Fruit Growers' Week at the Univer-
sity of Florida will begin here August
10, Dr. Wilmon Newell, director of
the Agricultural Extension Service,
has just announced. The occasion
will offer Florida farmers a real
week's vacation that is filled with en-
tertaining educational and recrea-
Last year the attendance was.over
1,700, and 57 Florida counties were
represented. Close to 160 farmers
and well known scientists from many
sections of the country and from
every section of Florida spoke.
As usual, all facilities of the Uni-
versity will be thrown open to visitors
this year. Rooms will be furnished in
the dormitories, and meals at the Uni-
versity cafeteria at very reasonable
rates. The grounds of the state ex-
periment station will be open and a
number of tours will be made to the
livestock barns and horticultural
grounds, as well as to field and pas-
As in the past, all of the forces of
the Agricultural College, including the
Extension Service and Experiment
Station, have joined hands with the
State Plant Board and University in
general and are now planning a
week's program which should prove
most eventful for every visitor.
Oiling a few posts around where
the hogs will rub against them is a
good way to fight lice.
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
The Brahman or Zebu Cattle
THE Brahma or Brahman cattle, as
they are known by the United
States breeders, are known as Zebu
cattle in South America and Europe;
they are not of the species Bos taurus,
of which the cattle with which we are
familiar belong, but are of the species
Darwin in his works says that
the Zebu was domesticated, as may
be seen from the inscriptions and re-
liefs on Egyptian monuments, at least
as early as-the twelfth dynasty (2100
The cattle derive their name from
the Hindu divinity "Brahma"; there-
fore in certain sections of India Brah-
mas are considered sacred and are not
killed under any circumstances. How-
Arthur M. Bissett
tinct classes of bulls are kept. The
choice bulls are of the large type, and
are generally raised on the range in
order to make superior breeding
bulls. The second class also of the
large type, is used mainly for draft
cattle, but until the bulls are cas-
trated they are used for breeding
purposes; thus their future value as
draft animals is lowered. The third
class is composed of small cattle and
is allowed to run with the village cat-
tle. As a result, there is no control
of the breeding operations. In some
communities the villagers cooperat-
skin in the region of the navel. The
color or the pure-bred specimen is
solid, or at least free from spots which
indicates cross-breeding in the past.
Pure-breds are not necessarily uni-
form in color, but any changes must
be gradual and blend well. The
greater number of breeds are white
or shades of gray; however, black usu-
ally predominates in the switch, hoofs,
muzzle, eyes, and ears.
In most breeds the head of the fe-
male is usually long and slender,
while that of the mature male is short
and broad across the forehead. The
ears which are long and drooping
swing back and forth as the animal
walks. The horns of different breeds
differ in size and shape.
ever, in other parts of the country
they are used as beasts of burden,
dairy animals, and as a source of
In Southern India, which is the
chief cattle raising district, there ex-
ist two types of cattle: the "Nadu-
dana" or small cattle and the "Dodda-
dana" or large cattle. The small
type, owned by the poorer classes,
have a wide variety of colors and are
used chiefly for milk production and
other agricultural purposes. The
larger type, owned chiefly by the large
landowners or "raiyats," are of more
uniform size and color, and are used
in heavy carting and logging. Breed-
ers in the hills and forests sell the
offspring at one or two years of age
to the "raiyats," who turn them into
show animals and sell them at the
fairs in the different communities.
In some districts of India three dis-
ively purchase choice bulls for com-
mon benefit. The small cattle are not
bred in the United States and are
found only in zoological gardens and
As there is no registry of the Brah-
man cattle, the term pure-bred is
merely descriptive. Fortunately there
has been enough systematic breeding
practiced to maintain pure-breds of
the more important breeds. The pro-
duction of work animals is the chief
object of breeding in India. The
qualities of the draft animal are
closely related to those of the beef
animal, but as compared to the im-
proved beef breeds of this country
they are leggy or upstanding.
Probably the most striking charac-
teristics of these cattle as compared
to the cattle of America are the hump
on the shoulders, the large pendulous
dewlap, and the excessive amount of
The neck is of rather medium size
and usually carries a rather heavy
dewlap, which in some breeds seems
to extend backward between the fore-
legs to join the sheath; in other
breeds, however, it is almost absent.
The hump above the shoulders varies
in size among the different breeds; it
is usually symmetrical in shape and
somewhat resembles the end of a bean
with the eye to the rear and some-
what underneath. Some humps seem
to be in two halves; others seem to be
in one piece. Some tend to fall over,
some to stand erect, and others to
move from side to side with the walk.
An interesting fact about the breed is
that this hump practically disappears
in animals of less than half Brahman
The first importation into this coun-
try from India was probably made by
(Continued on Page 10)
The Florida College Farmer
Published by the Agricultural Club
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
COPELAND D. NEWBERN - Editor
CLARKE DOUGLAS - Business Manager
WILLIAM GUENTHER Circulation Manager
Richard L. Brooks - Managing Editor
F. W. Barber - 4-H Clubs
Milton Marco - Extension
W .W. Roe - Future Farmers
R. D. Gill -- Former Students
Harry Brinkley - Exchange
J. A. McClelland -- -- Poultry
Clyde Bass - Animal Husbandry
Raymond Rubin - Campus Editor
R. S. Edsall - Horticulture
Clarke Dolive - Club Editor
John W. Covey - Copy Editor
S. W. Wells Associate Business Manager
J. W. Gooding, Jr. Ass't Circulation Manager
G. F. Bauer, C. Herminghaus, William Hull
FACULTY ADVISORY COMMITTEE
C. H. Willoughby, Chairman
W. L. Lowry R. M. Fulghum
PUBLISHED MONTHLY DURING THE SCHOOL YEAR
Subscription One Dollar
Application filed for entry as second-class matter
at the postoffice at Gainesville, Florida.
VOLUME 2 MAY, 1931 NUMBER 7
A new staff has taken over the responsibili-
ties and work of the Florida College Farmer.
It is always with some timidity that new officers
assume charge of a publication, and especially
so in this case. We are taking up the tasks of
a staff which has successfully piloted the Flor-
ida College Farmer for the past year. Through
the efforts of these students the University and
the state have been given a new and excellent
magazine to fill a long-felt need. We cannot
praise too highly the work the outgoing staff
has done, and it is our hope that we may be
able to carry on its excellent work and its high
policy not only for the advancement of the Col-
lege of Agriculture and the University of Flor-
ida, but for the benefit of the entire agriculture
industry of Florida.
He never met with prosperity, yet quarrels
Speak little and well if you would be es-
teemed as the man of merit.
Prepare in leisure to use in haste.
Without the help of our advertisers, this mag-
azine could not be. The small subscription fee
could not possibly pay for this publication. We
extend to our advertisers our sincere thanks for
the fine cooperation they have given us this
past year, and we hope that next year our re-
lationship will be renewed. And to our readers
we would like to say that the firms who use
space in the Florida College Farmer are well
worthy of your patronage. They are ready and
willing to show the excellence of their products
and their service. You will not regret trading
We wish to congratulate the judging team on
the fine work it did at the Southeastern College
Judging Contest held at Clemson, and for bring-
ing to Florida for the first time the beautiful
loving cup given to the winners.
Each member of the team should be given
considerable credit, for fine young men like
these are putting the Florida Agriculture Col-
lege in the foremost ranks of similar institu-
tions in America. We hope that they will keep
up the good work and that others will be stimu-
lated to do likewise.
With the organization of the Animal Hus-
bandry Club, the Agriculture College has taken
another forward step. The purpose of this club
is to create more interest in livestock, and to
give the students practical training in livestock
judging and preparing the animals for the
show ring. It is the purpose of this organiza-
tion eventually to sponsor an annual livestock
show similar to those that have proved so suc-
cessful in other institutions. The Florida Col-
lege Farmer wishes the new organization the
greatest of success.
4-H Club members: we welcome you to the
university. May this short course that you are
going to take bring you new friends, and open
to you a new field of knowledge from which
you may profit the remainder of your life.
Build for yourself a strong box,
Fashion each part with care,
Fit it with hasp and padlock,
Put all your troubles there,
Hide therein all your failures,
As each bitter cup you quaff;
Fasten down the top securely-
Then-Sit on the lid and Laugh.
Tell no one of its contents-
Never its secrets share-
Drop in your cares and your worries-
Keep them forever there;
Keep them from sight so completely-
The world will never dream half,
Fasten down the top securely-
Then-Sit on the lid and Laugh.
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
Florida Team Wins Southeastern Livestock
WE are glad to report the great
success that has crowned the
year's work of the livestock judging
team from the Florida College of
Agriculture, in winning the Eastern
States judging contest by a good mar-
gin on May 1st, at Clemson College,
S. C. Four teams took part this year,
representing the University of Ten-
nessee, Knoxville, Virginia Polytech-
nic Institute, Blacksburg, North Caro-
lina State College, Raleigh, and the
University of Florida. Since the con-
test was held at Clemson College,
this institution did not compete, but
acted only as host to the other col-
leges, and the staff of the Animal Hus-
bandry department of Clemson acted
as supervisors and judges of the work.
The Florida team has been in train-
ing for the event during the entire
year, under the leadership of Prof.
C. H. Willoughby, Professor of Ani-
mal Husbandry, in the class of Ad-
vanced Stock Judging. The class of
ten members studied during the first
semester not only all the animals
owned by the various divisions of the
College, but also made some profitable
trips to attend fairs and sales at other
towns, such as Valdosta, Moultrie,
Thomasville and Quitman, Georgia,
and Jacksonville, Ocala, Madison,
Live Oak, Monticello and Tallahassee
in Florida. In February, the class vis-
ited the South Florida Fair in Tampa,
putting on a judging contest among
its own members. Much aid was
given in training the team by Paul D.
Camp, Asssitant in Animal Husban-
dry, a former member of the Florida
Judging Team of 1917, that won sec-
ond place in a contest at the Atlanta,
The students selected by their class
records to represent Florida were
Clyde Bass, of Live Oak; J. A. Mc-
Clellan, of Monticello; A. J. Hudson,
of Jay, Fla., with R. M. Faglie of
Monticello as alternate. The journey
was planned to give the team some
final practice on the road, with Prof.
F. G. Martin, assistant coach, in
charge, with his car for transporta-
tion. Prof. Martin and the team
started from Gainesville about noon
on Wednesday, April 29th, going up
by Live Oak, where they inspected the
herd of show type Duroc Jersey hogs
owned by W. R. Broyles. From Live
Oak, the party drove up the Dixie
Highway through Valdosta and Tif-
ton, reaching Macon, Ga., in time to
do some judging there with mules at
one of the livery stables. The boys
made an early start Thursday from
Macon, and were soon at Athens, the
location of the University of Georgia
and the State College of Agriculture.
Here they were received by Dr. M. P.
Jarnagin, and Professors Kellogg and
Rice of the Department of Animal
Husbandry, and given much help and
instruction on judgnig of mules and
sheep owned by the College. The
C. H. Willoughby
Professor of Animal Husbandry
Georgia College happened to be hosts
that day to a state-wide meeting of
farmers and livestock breeders, and
the campus was lively and interesting.
The Florida boys were much pleased
with the campus and new buildings at
Athens, including the state poultry
contest grounds, and the girls of the
Home Economics department.
In the middle of the afternoon, the
trip was resumed from Athens to An-
derson, S. C., and then a short trip to
contest. This work required the time
of all workers until about 4 o'clock,
after which the students were able to
relax and also take an inspection trip
over the College, while the judges and
clerks were compiling the results.
At seven o'clock, the Animal Hus-
bandry department officers of Clem-
son gave a banquet in the College
dining room to the visiting teams and
coaches, and announced the winners
of the prizes. It was glad news to
hear that the Florida team stood first
in judging all classes of livestock,
with a total score of 3961 points in
a possible score of 4500. The first
team prize was a beautiful silver lov-
LIVE STOCK JUDGING TEAM, FROM UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
Winning team at Eastern States Judging Contest held at Clemson College,
S. C. May 1, 1931. Names left to right: Prof. C. H. Willoughby, coach; J. A.
McClellan, Monticello; Clyde Bass,
Faglie (Alternate), Monticello;
the campus at Clemson College, ar-
riving there in time for supper and
to take reservations at the College
Y. M. C. A. as arranged by the Col-
lege officers. The team members and
coaches of all colleges represented
were guests of Clemson during their
stay, until the morning after the con-
test, and this part of the trip was all
that could be desired. During part
of the contest time, the coaches were
taken on a tour over the Clemson
campus to see various historical
points of interest, and the equipment
of the college including farm lands
barns and herds of animals.
On Friday morning, May 1st, the
contest began at nine o'clock, with
judging including three classes of
Hereford cattle of different ages,
three classes of Berkshire hogs, two
classes each of Hampshire and South-
down sheep, and two classes of draft
mules. The teams were allowed fif-
teen minutes time to make their plac-
ings on each class, and later were re-
quired to give reasons for their plac-
ings before the official judges of the
Live Oak: A. J. Hudson, Jay; R. M.
Prof F. G. Martin, assistant coach.
ing cup, engraved with the record of
the contest. The team from North
Carolina State College stood second,
with total of 3928 points; Virginia
was third with 3839 credits, and Ten-
nessee fourth with 3779.
The prizes for highest scores by in-
dividuals in the contest showed that
R. E. Byrd, the alternate for the
North Carolina team, stood first with
a score of 1487, with J. A. McClellan
of Florida second on a score of 1376,
and A. J. Hudson of Florida was third
with score of 1365. This gave Mc-
Clellan a silver medal, and Hudson a
bronze medal as rewards. In the med-
als offered for first rank in the vari-
ous classes of animals, Hudson again
ranked first on judging of mules, win-
ning a gold medal; A. Colbank of Ten-
nessee won first in judging Hereford
cattle, H. H. Shelburne of Virginia
won first in judging hogs, and R. E.
Byrd of North Carolina took the gold
medal for judging sheep. At the close
of the banquet, the Coaches held a
meeting and arranged to accept the
(Continued on Page 12)
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
OVER the STATE WITH EXTENSION WORKERS
Citrus Growers Hold
A large number of growers attend-
ed the five extension citrus meetings
held recently in Osceola and Lake
counties. Workers from the College
of Agriculture also attended these
meetings and discussed vital problems
that face citrus production. The
meetings were held at the fair
grounds at Largo. Other meeting
places were Umatilla, Clermont, Kis-
simmee and St. Cloud.
The meetings were arranged by
the County Agents and the principal
speakers were H. G. Clayton, district
extension agent, and E. F. Debusk,
The annual West Florida Institute
was recently held at the Egg-Laying
Contest at Chipley. A large number
of poultrymen inspected the plant
and listened to an interesting pro-
gram of talks. A study of the lead-
ing birds at the contest and their rec-
ords was one of the most interesting
features of the day's program. Lunch
was served by the business men and
women of the city.
Among the speakers were H. L.
Irvin, Callihan, Florida, poultryman;
E. F. Stanton, contest supervisor;
Miss Eleanor Clark and Miss Elsie
Laffitte, home demonstration agents;
County Agents Gus York, Sam Roun-
tree, Mitchell Wilkins, and Nor-
man R. Mehrhof, J. Lee Smith, and
Dr. E. F. Thomas from the College
The Newberry club women have
bought and remodeled an old store
and are using it for a club house. At
the back of the store there is a good-
sized plot of ground; the women have
decided to use this for a club garden.
On Saturday, April 4th, a working
"bee" was held, which resulted in the
plot being cleared of rubbish, the
land broken, and some shrubbery set.
At the next working "bee," grass and
flowers will be planted. The club
house garden has been chosen as the
club's community activity. Mrs.
Grace Warren is the home demon-
stration agent for this county.
Union and Bradford Counties
This year there will be over a hun-
dred boys in Union and Bradford
counties trying to raise the best acre
of corn in the boys' corn club, accord-
ing to L. T. Dyer, county agent.
Most of the boys are planning to plant
crotalaria or other legumes in with
St. Johns County
County Agent E. H. Vance reports
that about half of the potato crop of
the Hastings section is now being
moved, and the yield is much better
than early expectations. Although
prices were good at the beginning of
the season they began to drop the
last of April. There has been a loss
of from 5 to 8 per cent of the crop
due to Rhizoctonia, a fungous disease
that developed during the extra cold
Yields of potatoes behind crotalaria
as a cover crop are showing up splen-
didly in every case. In one instance
a field of 30 acres that had not pro-
duced a paying crop since it was
cleared in 1923, grew a heavy crota-
laria crop last summer. Potatoes
were planted on it this season and
there is every evidence that it will
yield close to 80 barrels this year.
The secnod annual Osceola County
Home Demonstration Rose Show was
held recently at the Community
House in Kissimmee. Hundreds of
interested people visited the show
from over the county and state. A
program of talks which proved both
interesting and helpful was a part of
the two-day program. Miss Albina
Smith, home demonstration agent,
was pleased with the results of the
A demonstration canning kitchen
has just been opened here by the
County Home Demonstration Coun-
cil. According to Mrs. Mary S. Allen,
home demonstration agent, the kitch-
en is fully equipped for canning in
either tin or glass containers. Wom-
en who use the kitchen pay one out
of each 10 cans to the kitchen. The
kitchen has been in constant use since
"I hate dumb women."
"A-ha-a woman hater."-Bean
A Farmers Curb Market was
opened in Tampa the first part of
April, and the results have been very
gratifying to County Agent C. P.
Wright and the farmers in this local-
ity. For the first month one hundred
seventy Hillsborough county farmers
sold eight thousand five hundred dol-
lars worth of farm and home prod-
ucts. Farmers on the market are di-
versifying and are growing more sum-
mer vegetables than ever before.
Preparations are being made to grow
a large variety of fruits and vege-
tables for the local markets during
the early fall and winter months. In-
dividual sales have ranged from $7.50
to $90.00 per day.
Volusia County Iome demonstra-
tion club members are lining up to
wage a battle against mosquitoes. A
copy of a pamphlet entitled "The Life
Cycle of the Mosquito" has been
mailed to every club member. Plans
are also being made to extend this
work from the fourth grade up in the
county schools according to Miss Or-
pha Cole, home demonstration agent.
A delicious dinner featuring prod-
ucts raised in Lee County was recent-
ly served the county school board,
commissioners, and others by the
Home Demonstration Council. Ac-
cording to Miss Anna Mae Sikes,
home demonstration agent, the fol-
lowing menu was served: Mint fruit
cocktail, baked chicken and dressing,
mint jelly, cauliflower au gratin, new
English peas, riced potatoes, sham-
rock cream cheese salad, hot rolls,
coffee and orange pie.
Miss Pearl Laffitte, home demon-
stration agent, reports that twenty-
three women have completed courses
in home sewing, recently held in the
county. Each woman made a nice-
McCormick Deering Tractors
Farm Operating Equipment
International Harvester Company
435 E. BAY ST. JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
FUTURE FARMERS OF FLORIDA
Among Future Farmers
Of America Chapters
We feel that the Future Farmer or-
ganization is functioning as a training
ground for cooperative effort in Flor-
The following list of cooperative
activities which are being participated
in by members of different chapters in
Florida would indicate that the above
statement is true.
1. Project tour.
2. Purchasing certified seed for all
3. Cooperative loan fund for financ-
ing projects of worthy chapter
4. Producing group projects on land
laboratory plot to finance chap-
5. Exhibit of product from projects
in store or bank window.
6. Community exhibit at County
7. Home beautification and improve-
8. Beautifying school grounds.
9. City beautification (by planting
ornamentals in city parkway).
10. Building school farm shop.
11. Building school gymnasium.
12. Painting school building.
13. Terracing land for farmers.
14. Making agricultural survey of
15. Furnishing firewood for school.
16. Carrying on fertilizer tests with
College of Agriculture.
17. Promoted Pure Bred Bull Asso-
18. Put on Chapel Program.
19. Put on High School Literary So-
20. Plays (proceeds go into chapter
21. Lunch and cold drink stands
(proceeds go into chapter treas-
22. Conduct Popularity Contest and
Box Social (proceeds go into
23. Future Farmer Father and Son
24. Future Farmer Fish Fry.
25. Future Farmer Chapter Band.
26. Conducting Community Fair.
27. Cooperative purchasing of fer-
28. Cooperative purchasing of feeds.
29. Cooperative mixing of fertilizer.
30. Chapter cooperatively owned pure
31. Cooperative marketing of hogs.
32. Cooperative marketing of vege-
33. Cooperative marketing of poul-
34. Future Farmer Chapter Contest.
35. Future Farmer Public Contest.
36. Future Farmer Livestock Judg-
37. Future Farmer Essay Contest.
38. Future Farmer Forestry Contest.
39. Future Farmer Crops Contest.
40. Future Farmer Basket Ball Con-
The following newspaper clippings
give concrete examples of how a few
of the above mentioned Future Farm-
er cooperative activities are carried
(From Okaloosa News-Journal)
"Example of Future Farmer Coopera-
tive Effort-Schoolboys Ship
"The Laurel Hill Chapter, Future
Farmers of America, composed of
boys who are studying or have studied
vocational agriculture, have made ar-
rangements whereby a poultry car
will come to Laurel Hill at regular
intervals, or as often as required, in
order to provide poultry owners near
Laurel Hill and in Covington County
with a ready cash market for poultry
and turkeys. The actual grading,
buying and issuing of checks will be
done under the supervision of the
Poultry Specialist of the Florida State
"Two cars of poultry and turkeys
have already been shipped from Lau-
rel Hill due to the efforts of the local
Chapter, which brought to Laurel Hill
community and to farmers across the
state line in Alabama who shipped on
the cars over $1600.00. The price
paid at Laurel Hill on each occasion
was one cent a pound higher than was
paid at poultry cars in Alabama on
the same grades and dates, causing
some farmers to come across the line
to market their poultry.
"Eighty-seven farmers cooperated
in shipping poultry in the first car,
which caused poultry owners near
Laurel Hill and across Alabama line
to sell an estimated total of $856.00.
A small portion of this amount was
estimated because a number of tur-
keys brought to the car to be sold
were withdrawn and sold to competi-
tive buyers at a higher price per
pound. About 75 farmers delivered
poultry to the second car sale, which
left $803.03. It is planned to have
another cooperative car sale about
the latter part of February.
"In commenting on this marketing
service, the Chapter Adviser, Mr. G.
W. Pryor, stated that the knowledge
that a regular cash market was avail-
able, paying the highest market price
of the day, should stimulate farmers
to raise more poultry, and feeding a
fattening ration to grown hens sev-
eral weeks before selling. The move-
ment should steadily grow and bene-
fit everyone, due to the increased
circulation of money in the County."
(From Highland County News)
"Future Farmers Marketing Fryers
Members of the Sebring Future
Farmers of America are selling fry-
ing chickens which they raised as a
part of their agricultural projects.
Every Saturday they have a stand on
North Ridgewood Drive, on the lot
next to the G. & R. Cafe, where they
are selling them live or dressed."
(From Homestead Enterprise
"Future Farmers Display Their
"The Future Farmers' display in
the window of the old Allen & Pope
grocery store should make our local
former get out and hustle. Even if
they did, it does not look possible that
any better vegetables could be grown
by the Future Farmers' 'daddies.'
"No doubt everybody who passes
this window has noticed the variety
of vegetables and the beautiful flow-
ers exhibited there.
'There are potatoes (and they
ARE potatoes) grown by Bobbie
Crow, Charles Glenn, Lester Smith,
H. H. Graham, Leroy Home and Don-
ald Ames; tomatoes by Fred Arrant
and Charles Glenn; Chile and Bell
peppers by Billy Caves and Bert
Branch; beans by Emanuel Aroza-
rina; squash by Ed Barnes and Paul
Cox; beets by Donald Ames; carrots
by Leroy Horne and onions by Don-
"There are nasturtiums, gladiolias,
calendulas and sweet peas raised by
Stewart Hall in a school project.
The Winter Haven Chapter of F. F.
F. has been carrying on a very am-
bitious program of work during the
year especially with regard to com-
munity beautification and improve-
At the beginning of the present
school year each boy in the chapter
pledged to spend one hour of his time
during the month for community
beautification. This time has been
spent on three different projects. (1)
The propagating and raising of flow-
ers and ornamentals for school and
city beautification on the school farm.
(2) The planning, planting, and main-
tenance of a large designed annual
flower garden on the high school
grounds. (3) The planting and main-
tenance of a flower bed on one of the
main highways in Winter Haven. This
beautification program has caused a
great deal of favorable comment and
has been an impetus to the city and
private citizen for starting and con-
tinuing more of this work. The spon-
soring of a citrus fruit, and insect and
disease contest, and having a farm
shop exhibit at the Florida Orange
Festival, niducing the City of Winter
Haven to plant the first City Forest
in the South, and acquainting the citi-
zens with the work of the department
have been the most important com-
munity work accomplished by the
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
(Continued from Page 5)
D-. J. B. Davis of South Carolina in
18 9, and consisted of a bull and two
cows of the Mysore breed. Several
importations have been made since
that time, but the largest importation
ever brought into this country was
made by Mr. A. P. Borden, executor
of the Pierce Estate in Whorton
County, Texas, under special permit
of the Department of Agriculture in
1906. It is said that Mr. Borden had
quite a time persuading the natives
to part with some of the specimens he
desired. This importation consisted
of fifty-one head, of which there were
forty-six bulls, two cows, one heifer.
and two calves representing the Nol-
lore, Gazerat, Gir, and Krishna Valley
breeds, also other breeds of less im-
port. These cattle could not stand
the dipping in the New York quaran-
tine station and in the process.
eighteen were killed. Through these
various importations the Brahman
blood has been widely distributed
along the Gulf Coast, and importa-
tions have been made to Cuba, Porto
Rico, Columbia, and Mexico. At pres-
ent there are less than one hundred
pure-bred Brahmas in the United
States, excepting those animals of in-
ferior quality in zoological gardens
Most of the Brahman cattle of Tex-
as are being produced on the coastal
plain within fifty or one hundred
mile- of the Gulf, and from Louisiana
to Mexico. Most of this land is be-
low the one hundred foot contour, al-
though some of it is higher. The cat-
tle range on the flat, open, treeless
prairies, and in the timbered creek
and river,bottoms. The prairie salt
grass furnishes the chief pasturage,
although wire grass is the chief food
source in winter.
At present there are about ten
herds of breeding cows in Texas, each
of about five hundred or more head
and five-eighths or more Brahman
blood. When they were first intro-
duced the tendency was to get as
much Brahman blood in other animals
as possible and not to bother about
systematic breeding, but this is a
thing of the past and attention is now
being given to details.
The most common criticisms made
of the Brahman as a beef type are its
lack of body width, uneven top line,
shortness and droop of rump, leggi.
ness, an excessive development of
dewlap and sheath, wild disposition,
and irregular color. The breeders of
Texas are very exacting in their
breeding work and as a result much
advancement is being made toward a
better beef animal. In cross-breed-
ing, the coat, ears, and hump are
very dominant factors.
The tick-resistant quality seems to
be due more to the lack of hair on
the body and to the waxy secretion
than to the character of hide. More-
over, these cattle are not bothered by
flies, mosquitoes, and other insects as
are the cattle with which we are fa-
The average weights of cattle of
the coastal plain are as follows:
Five-eighths Brahman ----.
Well bret Brahman cows_.
Three-fourths range Brah-
Crossed three-fourth Brah-
man bull with Hereford
or Shorthorn cow...---....
Erahman calves at birth
than those of other breeds, but they
make rapid gains, and at weaning
time outweigh other breeds of the
same age. Veal calves, three to five
months old, show a 15 per cent to 20
per cent advantage in favor of the
These cattle are of a very nervous
temperament and when not handled
often become rather wild. They
bunch readily on the range and are
harder to hold back than to urge for-
ward. If hand-ed properly and un-
necessary noises (dogs and whips)
avoided they become quite docile.
One Brahman bull will produce as
high a percentage of calves with sixty
to seventy-five cows as bulls of other
breeds will with twenty-five to thirty
cows. The Brahman cattle, as shown
by the rigid test of the arid regions of
Southern Texas, can stand a dryer,
hotter climate than any other breed.
In the opinion of many cattlemen,
even though the Texas Fever Tick be
eradicated, the Brahman cattle are of
unestimable value to the cattle indus-
try of the South.
Spray Cycad Palms
With Bordeaux to
Stop Frond Blight
Cycad palms that are being killed
by frond blight should be sprayed
with 4-4-50 bordeaux to which cal-
cium caseate has been added at the
rate of 1 pound to 50 gallons, accord-
ing to Dr. G. F. Weber, associate plant
pathologist with the Florida Experi-
ment Station. Before spraying he
suggests that all the old affected
fronds be pruned o-T and burned.
The first symptoms of frond blight
on cycads is usually a lot of small
yellowish spots appearing over the
pinnate leaves. These spots will en-
large, finally turn brown, and kill the
The first spray should be more or
less a dormant spray, and should be
applied before the new growth starts,
That will mean in the near future.
A second application should be made
when the new whirl of fronds is about
Florida's 1930 honey crop was a lit-
tle larger than usual, according to a
recent estimate by R. E. Foster, api-
ary inspector with the State Plant
Board. The estimate is 7,500,000
Paint brushes which have become
hardened may be readily softened by
boiling in vinegar for 15 minutes.
Nearly 100 Attend
Plant City Dinner
Of Future Farmers
Nearly 100 fathers and sons and
their guests gathered here last night
for the second annual Father and Son
dinner of the Plant City chapter of
Future Farmers of Florida. Guests
included members of the county
school board, local school board and
County Commissioner Watkins, from
this district. With the exception of
a few items, the chicken dinner was
produced at the county agricultural
Edwin Booth, president of the local
Future Farmer chapter, presided as
toastmaster. The address of welcome
was given by Morgan Shepherd and
response for the dads by Commis-
During the 1929-30 year farm boys
in the county, 160 of them participat-
ing in project work, netted a total of
$18,885.28, A. A. Mendonsa, instruc-
tor at the school, said in a brief talk.
Speakers included: W. D. F. Snipes,
county superintendent of schools; J.
G. Smith, superintendent of the coun-
ty agricultural school; A. W. Tenney
and A. A. Mendonsa, instructors; T.
E. Moody, banker; W. H. Cassels,
supervising principal of Plant City
schools; H. H. Hu.f, secretary of the
local school board; W. S. Yates, rural
supervisor of education; W. H. Hartin
and Paul Kickliter, members of the
county school board, and Don Wal-
den, member of the local school
Dairy Association to
Hold Special Meet at
Silver springs June 5
A special educational meeting of the
Florida State Dairymen's Association
will be held at Silver Springs, near
Ocala, June 5, Dr. A. L. Shealy, chair-
man of the educational committee,
has just announced.
Special speakers on the program
will be Dr. John J. Tigert, president
of the University of Florida; A. B.
Nystrom, extension senior dairy hus-
bandman, U. S. Bureau of Dairy In-
dustry at Washington; Nathan Mayo,
state commissioner of agriculture,
and Alf. R. Neilsen, president of the
State Guernsey Breeders' Associa-
The program will begin at 10 a.m..
recess for lunch at noon, and then
after the evening program a sight-
seeing trip over Silver Springs will
On the following day, June 6, a
dairy field day will be held at In-
spiration Ranch near Bradenton.
Little Girl: "Waiter, please hand
me the William of the Exposition."
Waiter: "Why, what do you mean,
Little Girl: "Some call it bill of
fare, but I'm not allowed to use
"If I blew you into a million pieces,
what won!d you say?"
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
4-H CLUB NEWS
The State 4-H
Club Short Course
A great deal of time, effort, and
money has been spent this year by the
state Club leaders in order to make a
bigger and better short course than
ever before. Every year, through the
guidance of Mr. R. W. Blacklock,
club work has grown and flourished in
the state, until today there are some
five thousand boys who are learning
to make the best better. They rep-
resent the cream of the boyhood of
Florida, and as such will become the
successful farmers and leaders of to-
The immediate goal or ambition of
every one of these boys is to attend
the annual short course held at the
University of Florida from June 1st
until the 6th.
This year about 250 boys will come
to the short course, to meet new
friends, learn to do new things, have
the best of good times, and last but
not least, to go back home with a re-
newed inspiration to make the best
better in club work.
Features of the Short Course
The first day will be taken up with
registering and becoming acquainted.
On Tuesday the boys will be given a
welcome to the University by the
proper authorities and then the real
work will begin. They will be divided
into squads as in past years, and rib-
bons will be given to the best all-
This year Coach Genocar of the
swimming team is going to give swim-
ming lessons to those who do not
know how to swim. A'so, the pool
will be open to all the boys at thie
proper time during the day. This pool
is one of the best in the South, and
will be fully appreciated by country
boys who love tne old swimming hole.
Not only is it necessary to play, but
it is also essential to know how to
play in order to get the best out of
our recreation. Dr. Manchester will
give classes in mass play and recrea-
tional leadership, so that the boys may
go home with a knowledge that will
make club work better, and play real-
ly mean something.
The bankers of Florida are still
backing the 4-H club work, which
proves that it is a financial success, by
giving three $100 Banker's Scholar-
ships to the College of Agriculture
again this year. All that a club boy
needs is a start, and these scholar-
ships have started many a boy at the
University of Florida that otherwise
could not have gone to college. And
once started these boys have managed
to keep on going until they gradu-
On Friday afternoon a swimming
meet will be held in the pool. Rib-
bons will be awarded to the winners.
There will be many more outstand-
ing features of the short course be-
sides those named, and we feel sure
that this will be the best short course
ever held. We hope that the boys
will get all they can from the course,
and when they return home they will
tell their Clubs about it, and how
much it meant to each one of them.
Ten of the outstanding boys at the
Short Course will give talks on their
4-H club experiences on two of the
noon programs over WRUF. These
boys represent the entire state as you
can see from the following list:
R. H. Joyner, Hillsborough County.
Curtis Stanbaugh, Hernando Coun-
Clyde Cadenhead, Okaloosa Coun-
Yutch Lee, Santa Rosa County.
Charles Ritter, Liberty County.
Edward Little, Dade County.
Herbert Fritz, Palm Beach County.
Hansel Cavenaugh, Leon County.
Two other boys from Orange and
Manatee counties will be chosen to
complete the list.
At 9:00 o'clock Friday night the
entire short course will broadcast a
half hour specialty program consist-
ing of songs, yells, skits, and talks by
Arlington Henley and Jack Platt, the
two Washington trip wniners.
Boys and Girls Win
Trip to Washington, D. C.
The two most outstanding boys and
the two most outstanding girls of the
state have been chosen to represent
Florida 4-H clubs at the national 4-H
club camp held at Washington, D. C.
The camp has attending it boys and
girls from almost every state in the
union, also delegates from Hawaii.
The delegates from Florida are: Jack
Platt of Marion County, Arlington
Henley of Walton County and Miss
Ruth Durrenber of Orange County.
The delegates are selected to attend
camp by their records in club work.
Every one of these boys and girls
chosen has done many outstanding
These boys have exceeded the past
club boys in achievements. Jack Platt
has had four years of active club
work. He has been an outstanding
community leader and has been Mar-
ion County's poultry champion for
the last three years. He also was sec-
ond in the pig club, calf club and cow
club. He has won several trips, and
a scholarship to the University since
he has been in club work. Jack has
been active in school athletics and
community activities. Because of his
outstanding work for the past four
years, he was awarded the Atlantic
Coast Line trip to the national camp.
Arlington Henley won the other
trip to the national camp. He is one
of west Florida's most outstanding
club members. He has won many
high honors in his county. He has
been an active club member for five
years. Arlington was champion of
the pig club of Walton County last
year. Next fall he will enroll in the
College of Agriculture at the Univer-
sity of Florida.
These beys and g'rls will take an
active part in the national camp. They
will make an extensive tour of the
capital city. Some of the things they
will see are: The large experimental
farms, George Washington's Home,
Lee's Home and the large Arlington
farms. While in the capital city the
national camp members will visit the
White House, the Capitol building,
the monument and many other impor-
tant places of interest.
The camp will furnish a place to
acquire knowledge and training. The
members attending this camp will re-
turn after a week of fun and sight-
seeing to their homes where they will
put their knowledge and leadership
training into practice.
News Items of
The 4-H club boys of Union County
gave a minstrel entertainment on
May 8th consisting of a minstrel show,
songs and specialty acts. They will
use the money from this entertain-
ment to send the Union County boy
to the sho-t course.
Our club boys do amount to some-
thing! Seibert Pearsan, president of
the senior class at the University of
Florida, was a 4-H club boy. Other
club boys who are graduating this
June are Russel Henderson, who ma-
jored in Agronomy; Kenneth McMul-
len, majoring in Animal Husbandry,
and Alvin Spurlock, majoring in
Marvin Brooker is now working on
his master's degree in Agricultural
Economics, and Richard Voorhees on
his master's degree in Plant Pathol-
ogy and Entomology. These students
were outstanding club boys in the
past, and they show excellent prom-
ise of making a place for themselves
in the field of science today.
Other former club boys who are do-
ing excellent work are Aubrey Hud-
son, James McClellan, William Platt,
Paul Simmons, and Frederick Barber.
Do not destroy the citrus cover
crop by late cultivation.
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
Florida Team Wins
(Continued from Page 7)
invitation of the University of Ten-
nessee to hold the contest with them
at Knoxville next year, 1932.
On the morning after, Saturday,
May 2nd, the Florida team was shown
over the farms and dairy barns by
Prof. J. P. La Master, including sev-
eral breeds of cattle, the calf barn,
testing barn, nutrition experiments
and equipment; and the dairy labora-
tories and college creamery, under
the direction of Prof. B. E. Goodale.
Prof. Martin, coach with the Florida
team, is himself a graduate of Clem-
son College, class of 1922, and it was
like old times to him looking over the
institution again. Prof. B. E. Good-
ale was a student in the same ad-
vanced class at Iowa State College in
the summer of 1929 with Prof. Wil-
loughby of Florida. The University
of Florida already has a larger pro-
portion of Clemson graduates in the
College work than from any other
Prof. Martin and the boys began
the return journey about 10 Satur-
day, making a circle tour through
Greenwood, S. C., Aiken and Augusta,
Ga., where they stopped for the night.
The trip on Sunday was down the
Coastal highway through Louisville
and Waycross to Jacksonville, then to
the home campus at Gainesville, ar-
riving at 5 p.m. without mishap and
in a joyful frame of mind. The team
was loud in its praise of the manage-
ment of the entire contest, and the
courtesies received at Clemson and
the Georgia college. The prize cup
will be installed in a case in the class-
room of the college as a record for
future teams to emulate. The team
members are already planning for
future development of judging work
next fall, and help with a College live-
Prof. Willoughby and Major Floyd,
Assistant Dean, were much gratified
with the success of the team this year,
and hope for still better results in
future. The team showed the result
of training in Boys' Club work and
high natural ability in selection of
good animals. They found some good
points at other colleges in the matter
of buildings for livestock work, and
will be ready to help in securing simi-
lar equipment at the Florida College.
Newbern Elected Editor of
Florida College Farmer
The Agricultural Club held a spe-
cial meeting Wednesday night, May
6, to elect an editor-in-chief and a
business manager for The Florida
College Farmer, for the coming year.
Copeland D. Newbern, circulation
manager on the staff of the present
year, and who has also served as as-
sisting managing editor, was elected
editor-in-chief. He succeeds Willard
Fifield. Clark Douglas was selected
as business manager; he fills the place
left by Jack Greenman. The election
attracted commendable interest as
one of the largest crowds of the se-
The Agriculture College made an-
other step of progress when a move
was made by James A. McClellan, a
member of the University Stock Judg-
ing team, and Professor C. H. Wil-
loughby, head of the Animal Hus-
bandry Department, to organize a
special Animal Husbandry Club. The
purpose of this club is to put across a
livestock show in the University.
Animals for exhibition in this show
will be prepared and trained by Agri-
The first meeting of the Animal
Husbandry Club was held May 13, for
the purpose of investigating the possi-
bilities of such an organization and
the election of officers. At this meet-
ing the following temporary officers
were elected: President, Mr. William
Henley; Vice-President, Mr. James A.
McClellan; Secretaries, Mr. Aubrey
Hudson and Mr. Arthur Bissett.
These officers will act as a committee
with Professor C. H. Willoughby to
investigate plans for the by-laws of
the Club to present next fall when
full details will be given out.
Science and the Plow
(Continued from Page 3)
crops from the soil. Soil science is
as necessary as soil machinery. Man's
existence on the earth depends upon
his mastery of the soil.
It is also just as necessary to master
the enemies of crops as to master
the soil from which crops spring.
Pathogenic bacteria calls for highly
technical science. The college farmer
must furnish this information.
Last, but not least, the college
farmer must connect science and skill
with the home. After all the farm
home is the greatest institution, and
anything that science and the plow
may accomplish is of value only as it
ministers to the home and its occu-
McClellan Elected Vice-
President Debate Council
James A. McClellan, the Florida
Agricultural College's only competi-
tor for Alfred E. Smith, has again re-
ceived new laurels in his political ca-
reer. McClellan, who represents the
Ag College on the debate council, has
the distinction of being the first man
from the College of Agriculture to
hold an office in this body. Mr. Mc-
Clellan was recently elected Vice-
President of the 1931-32 council.
Greenman and Wells Are
Elected to Campus Offices
In the recent all-campus election-
one of the largest in the history of
the University-Jack Greenman and
Sidney Wells were elected to repre-
sent the Ag College on the Executive
Council and Honor Court, respect-
Moral for the Weak
Socrates should have known better
than to believe the label.-Minnesota
Lem Bo Tan, '21, is now connected
with the Bureau of Agriculture and
Forestry of the Chinese Government.
J. E. Mclntire, '29, is teaching vo-
cational agriculture at Trenton High
school at Trenton, Florida.
T. L. Barrineau is teaching at Gon-
zales high school. He is teaching vo-
cational agriculture there.
L. J. Larson, '28,' a vocational agri-
culture teacher at Winter Haven, has
taken that long jump into matrimony.
He married Miss Kathryn Dudley of
Plant City, Fla.
A. G. Driggers, '28, is now teaching
agriculture at Greensboro, Fla.
Malcolm Bledsole, '29, is doing re-
search work for the Glades Experi-
ment Station. Bledsole is located at
C. E. Jackson, '29, is taking care of
his Dad's grove at Palm Harbor, Fla.
He has announced his intentions of
getting married to Annie May Gunn
of Gainesville, Florida.
Aubrey Elsworth Dunscomb, '29,
has announced his wedding date as
June 2, 1931. He will marry Miss Mc-
Millan of Gainesville, Fla.
S. L. Brothers, '30, who is teaching
vocational agriculture at Macclenny,
Florida, has announced his engage-
ment to Miss Martha Thomas of Mac-
Effective Spray for Citrus
Aphids Made By Growers
J. E. Palmer, of Loughman, and
Alex Warren, Sr., of Haines City,
have learned that they can make their
own tobacco extract and control cit-
rus aphids much more cheaply than
they can by purchasing commercial
nicotine sulfate. Enough of the
home-made preparation to spray 300
to 400 acres of groves is made at a
cost of $5 or $6. The commercial
nicotine sulfate to spray this grove
formerly cost from $90 to $100.
For a small grove, Mr. Palmer takes
an ordinary metal drum with the
bung near the end. He puts a pipe
and valve in the bung and cuts out
the head of the drum. He packs to-
bacco stems in the drum, and covers
them with water, allowing them to
stand over night.
Before it is filled, the drum is
placed on concrete blocks or tall iron
legs, so that a fire can be built under
it the next day. The tobacco stems
and water, which have been standing
over night, are then heated and al-
lowed to simmer until 4 or 5 o'clock
in the afternoon. They are not boiled
rapidly, for that drives off some of
the volatile gases.
From 20 to 30 gallons of tobacco
extract is obtained at a boiling. The
strength will vary with different
batches, but Mr. Palmer uses all of
them at a rate of 1 part to 70 parts
of water. An extra strong solution
does not damage the trees.
I_ I _
Bulletin Printed by
An 88-page bulletin about miscel-
laneous tropical and sub-tropical Flor-
ida fruits has just been published by
the Florida Experiment Station at
Gainesville. The bulletin does not
deal with such major fruits as citrus,
strawberries and avocados, but con-
tains a complete discussion of 36 mis-
cellaneous fruits, all of which are
grown in Florida. The work contains
78 pictures of the fruits and fruit
Harold Mowry, associate horticul-
turist at the main station, and L. R.
Toy, assistant horticulturist at the
sub-tropical station near Homestead,
are the authors. Both are widely
known sub-tropical horticulturists.
Such fruits as the banana, papaya,
pomegranate, cherimoya, sapote and
guava are discussed. Such topics as
adaptation, propagation, value of
mulching, pruning, fertilization, etc.,
along with the pictures, form a major
portion of the bulletin.
Free copies may be obtained from
the Experiment Station, Gainesville,
Florida. It is Bulletin 223.
Crape Myrtle Mildew
Crape myrtle mildew can be stopped
by spraying thoroughly with a 1-80
commercial lime-sulfur, according to
Erdman West, mycologist with the
Florida Experiment Station.
The mildew can be distinguished by
a white powdery coating over the
young leaves and shoots. This coat-
ing will cause the leaves and flowers
to be deformed, and in severe cases
will prevent the plant from blooming.
The fungus which causes the coating
is readily killed by the lime-sulfur
The Intelligent Use of
When Buying FERTILIZER
Obtain the Best
ZINC ETCHINGS r "Le
PROCESS PLATES / RESPESS
IN TWO THREE
AND FOUR Y ENGRAVING
COLORS COMPANY, fnc.
Perry's Ice Cream
PERRY ICE CREAM CO.
S. Virginia Ave.
(%) (%) (%)
Nitrogen Equivalent Acid
15 18.2 30
161/2 20 16 V
152 18.8 15/V
15 18.2 11
10 12.1 20
10 12.1 20
16 19.4 16
12 14.5 24
For Better Crops at Lower Costs
34% Nitrogen, equal to 41.3%
Ammonia. 1/5 in nitrate form
and 4/5 in organic form
15% Nitrogen, equal to 18.2%
Ammonia. Nitrate Nitrogen
combined with Calcium
For Top and Side Dressing
Jackson Grain Company
"Working for Better Agriculture"
PRODUCE BETTER RESULTS
due to the generous amount of organic Nitrogen (al-
most entirely from Genuine Peruvian Guano) used in
Plan now to use NACO Brand Fertilizers. Results will prove the
wisdom of your choice. Bigger yields of improved quality fruit and
truck will bring added profits.
Going To Tybee Or Jacksonville Beach?
WITHOUT BATH-$1.50 UP
WITH BATH-$2.50 UP
In Every Room
Radio Loud Speaker-Rates Posted on Door
Electric Ceiling Fan-Soft Water
MOST CENTRAL LOCATIONS
CHAS. B. GRINER, Manager
offers the best training for
Florida boys in all lines of
Four year course leading to
B.S. degree, with special-
ization in Horticulture,
Agronomy, Animal Hus-
bandry, Economics, Ento-
mology, Chemistry, Agri-
cultural Engineering and
Only College in Southeast
offering full courses in Cit-
rus and Sub-Tropical Fruit
Culture, and in Landscape
Courses of One Semester,
One Year and Two Years
easily arranged for those
wishing to study technical
Low expenses for board
For catalog and full in-
formation, write postal
Dean or (Secretary)
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA