Title: Florida college farmer
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075980/00008
 Material Information
Title: Florida college farmer
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30cm.
Language: English
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Apr. 1930)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1960?
Numbering Peculiarities: Suspended with v. 3, no. 5 (May 1932) and resumed with Dec. 1935 issue. Suspended with v. 9, no. 4 (may 1941) and resumed with New series v. 1 (summer 1948).
General Note: Published by Agricultural students at the University of Fla.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075980
Volume ID: VID00008
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01569450
lccn - 55047167

Full Text





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I ----

APRIL, 1931

No. 6


6 i4



,.. ,

Going To Tybee Or Jacksonville Beach?
Stop At
Savanah, Ga.
Jacksonville, Fla.
Modern Fireproof


In Every Room
Radio Loud Speaker-Rates Posted on Door
Electric Ceiling Fan-Soft Water
CHAS. B. GRINER, Manager





due to the generous amount of organic Nitrogen (al-
most entirely from Genuine Peruvian Guano) used in
their make-up.
Plan now to use NACO Brand Fertilizers. Results will prove the
wisdom of your choice. Bigger yields of improved quality fruit and
truck will bring added profits.



Gainesville Laundry

Cleaning, Pressing
Dyeing and Laundry

"We give quick, efficient

702 W. University Ave.

Telephone 965



"Let us do your
barber work."

132 W. University Ave.

Primrose Grill

Banquets Are Our

322 W. University Ave.


Contents for April


The Challenge to Rural Youth by Arthur M. Hyde -
Forestry in Florida by W. Travis Loften -
A Healthy Agriculture by Duncan U. Fletcher -
Preparation of Bordeaux Mixture by George F. Weber
Managing Growing Chickens by J. A. McClellan, Jr. -

- 5
- 7


Editorial - - - 6
Future Farmers of Florida - - 11
Florida 4-H Club News - - 8
Over the State with Extension Workers - 9
Former Student; - - - 10
Exchanges -- - ------12

The Intelligent Use of


Always Pays


Obtain the Best


S Florida



A Size

for every


A hundred

uses for

every size

Burgman Tractor &

Equipment Company

No. 8 Riverside Viaduct

Jacksonville, Florida

April, 1931



Sidestep the Gamble!
Consider all the ti.m. e Itort and money\ inte',td in bringing in\
crop to maturir Youi simpl\ cin't il-ord to tike i :hine.
Unless \ou oue Inri, fertilizer it', ill onl .i ginimbi. Th.it
lih F. 0. P. brand ha. e b.cn 'crop-ctsted" for their lull *4.i
\eirs. The\ .rc e\prcs.l\ r.irid for ill [th I arilions n Flor-
idi oil. ind biased on all chi, sic.ntihf inforniation accumulated
in practice incc l'91. Moic tcrtiIt-% ith E. 0. P.!

Larger Growth-

Quicker Maturity

help you get bigger fields,
better quality and earlier ma-
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List No. 62. It will save you
money. A. & G. Brands con-
tain no fillers-they are all
fertilizer. Why gamble with
your largest operating ex-




Lower Cost


Weekly Price List
Sent on Request

Howard Grain Co.

The Mark of


Nearly fifty years of ex-
perience with Tropical
and Semi-Tropical Horti-
culture is constantly at
your disposal.

Reasoner Brothers'
Royal Palm Nurseries
Established 1883

April, 193I

k. .. .. , ... iI


"Florida First"


The Challenge to Rural Youth

LD AGE has two inalienable
rights. One is to give advice.
The other is to lament the happier
and better days when old age was
Youth has correlative rights, to dis-
regard advice, and to cherish the be-
lief that these tiresome old boys have
hung onto the bough long after the
second frost.
Ever since the days of Old King
Tut old folks have held the settled
conviction that their young-
sters were frivolous, and
bent on ruining the coun-
try. The youngsters have
had difficulty in concealing
the equally firm conviction
that their elders have
shockingly failed to keep
up with the procession.
Generally, the elders are
merely trying to keep the
youngsters from making
the same mistakes they
themselves made. And the
youngsters insist upon the
right to make their own
mistakes. Both sides are
occasionally right, with the
advantage on the side of
experience. Of course it
was not necessary for our
grandfathers to argue that
an iron plow would poison
the land. Equally, it would
seem that somewhere, some-
time, there would be born a
young 'un who would ac-
cept on faith the dictum
that the kitchen stove is
hot, without sticking a
chubby finger against it to
Nevertheless, we need
both viewpoints. We need
the conservation of the
elders to hold fast to ideas
and institutions which have stood the
test of time. We also need the vigor
of the viewpoint which puts every-
thing to the test of a new experience.
Out of the clash between them will
come an orderly progress and a fairer
Rural youth has a great heritage.
You have lived close to the elemental
forces of life. First hand you have
observed some of the mysteries of
Mother Nature. You have been to
some extent shut in by farm life,
but you have been shut in with your
own father and mother. Together
you have day by day met the common
problems of life. You have learned


Arthur M. Hyde
Secretary of Agriculture
to meet and overcome difficulties.
The farm has given you a fine train-
ing, one which only the closely co-
hesive farm family can give.
You represent a great industry.
Agriculture is the most ancient, the
most necessary, and one of the most


Secretary Hyde

honorable of all human occupations.
It not only serves to feed and clothe
the nation, but for many generations
it has produced most of the nation's
leaders in every useful occupation.
More important, for present purposes,
agriculture produced you.
Agricultural depression is not the
fault of the farmer. There are many
causes. One of the most important
of which lies in modern economic and
industrial conditions. Agriculture,
divided into six million producing
units and covernig the continent, has
not been able to meet the rapid
changes of our economic system with
collective thinking or unified action.

The essential utility and soundness of
agriculture has not been changed,
cannot be changed. In it still lies
one of the largest fields for service,
for usefulness and for happiness. It
is a worthy field for the life efforts
of the best of men.
Measured by modern standards of
wealth, most of you no doubt feel
poor. Being poor won't hurt you.
Few men have started at the top.
Most of them worked down. Success
is surer and more enduring
for those who start at the
bottom and work up.
Perhaps you feel that
your present opportunities
are few and small. Oppor-
tunity has a fashion of in-
troducing itself to those
who, consciously or uncon-
sciously have p r e p a r e d
themselves for it, and who
have the wit to recognize it.
There are those who see
no future in agriculture.
Sorrowfully they shake
their heads and say that in
all of the older nations,
agriculture has gone down.
Their noses are too close
to their cash books. This
is America. Our funda-
mental political premise is
equality of opportunity.
For 140 years we have held
open the door of equal op-
portunity. It will not be
closed because, when that
door closes against some
classes of Americans, it
will have slammed shut in
the faces of all classes of
Formerly competition was
a contest between individu-
als. Modern competition
is becoming more and more
a contest between great organiza-
tions. Nearly every industry, trade
and occupation is organized. Through
organization, tens of thousands of
men are welded into a separate en-
tity which unifies the power of all,
and serves the interests of all. In
the economic arena, where titanic
forces struggle for mastery, agricul-
ture pits against the organized
strength of great industries only the
separate strength of the individual
farmer. Agriculture, too, must or-
.The object of organization is not
political, although the political inter-
(Continued on page 10)


Forestry In Florida

THE importance of a good forest
reserve, like the importance of so
many other things, can perhaps best
be realized when the resource is
scarcest and most needed. Too often
the things which are most valuable to
us are not sufficiently appreciated,
particularly when these things are to
be had for comparatively little effort.
This is true especially of many nat-
ural resources of which the forest is
an outstanding example. Like most
natural resources, the forests come
into existence and continue with little
or no effort of man. As a matter of
fact, forests have succeeded best
where they have been let alone by
man. It is only where man has in-
truded upon them, cut them away, and
broken their laws that man must help
in restoring them. Nature works
well when left to her own devices,
but if man makes demands upon her
and intrudes upon her processes, she
demands that he help her in return.
The use of forest resources in vari-
ous industries and for industrial pur-
poses has on the whole, and naturally
so with the advance of civilization,
increased considerably. In America
we are concerned primarily with this
increase in forest consumption as it
has taken place for the past two cen-
turies. Of course, there are many
purposes for which wood was once
used that have now been displaced by
such other materials as stone and
steel. However, new uses have been
found for which wood is peculiarly
and best adapted. Thus it may read-
ily be seen that the relative decrease
in the use of wood for fuel purposes,
etc., is well overbalanced by its in-
creasing use in such industries as the
manufacture of paper.
One of the most pleasant thoughts
concerning the use of wood and tim-
ber is that for many purposes this
forest resource is admirably and beau-
tifully adapted. There are numer-
ous substitutes for wood for many
purposes, but on the other hand there
are purposes for which wood is used
where no substitute can reasonably
take its place, either as regards
availability, convenience, utility, or
In the utilization of natural re-
sources following the advancement
of civilization and the betterment of
man's welfare, other materials have
conveniently and advantageously dis-
placed wood in many industries. This
does not mean in any sense that the
use of wood on the whole has de-
clined, but that the substitution con-
veniently helps to permit wood to be
used in other industries where it is
uniquely and many times solely utiliz-
able. Industry is by no means grow-
ing independent of forest resources,
but is rather reserving them for finer
and better uses. Wood for fuel pur-
poses has been largely replaced by
coal, oils, and gases, except in cer-
tain sections where these natural


W. Travis Loften

products are not conveniently had.
In Florida wood is even more widely
The use of steel and cement for
building purposes is increasing at a
very rapid rate. Homes are today
being built of brick, concrete, stucco,
etc., oftentimes constructed around
steel frames. Wood is reserved for
the finishing touches. Larger build-
ings are of course necessarily made
of stone and steel for the most part.
Industries in which the increasing use
of wood largely overbalances the
relative decrease due to the substitu-
tion of other materials are well ex-
emplified in the paper and cardboard
industry. Such industries as this and
the remaining demand for good lum-
ber point to the advantage of a large
timber reserve.
Probably the next most important
products of Florida forests are those
of our naval stores industry. These
naval stores consist chiefly of tur-
pentine and crude rosin. In Florida
their production and marketing forms
Sa large industry. Over many parts
of the state where pines are abundant
the turpentine distillery is a familiar
sight. In Florida especially, the naval
stores industry is a significant feature
of the forest resources and consti-
tutes one of the numerous reasons
why every reasonable effort should
be made to prevent the waste and de-
struction of this important resource.
Florida Land Adaptable
There are many evidences that
throughout Florida there are thou-
sands of acres of land which are suit-
able for growing timber. In addition
to the many acres of timber lands al-
ready in existence, there are many
others which with a little encourage-
ment will easily produce trees. For-
tunately ,steps are being made to take
advantage of this fact and bring
about a more definite program of for-
est reservation. The experiences of
the last twenty or thirty years have
shown the necessity for some sort of
forest protection in Florida as well as
elsewhere. One of the forest's great-
est enemies, fire, has been introduced
into the Florida woods mainly by
cattlemen, who have burned grazing
lands for new pasturage while disre-
garding the fact that they were de-
stroying something far more valuable
than the little new grass brought
about. There is land in Florida pri-
marily adaptable to grazing as well as
to forestry, and there need be no con-
flict that produces such disastrous re-
An educational program carried on
along practical lines and cooperated
with by the government Forest Serv-
ice clearly demonstrates the necessity
and value of forest preservation.

Every person in the State should be
interested in such a program as the
Florida State Forestry Association is
conducting. Preventing fires, seeing
to the careful cutting of timber in
such a way as to avoid waste and dam-
age to young trees, the planting of
new trees in burned-over and new
areas, and the thinning of trees in
other areas are several of the more
important means through which for-
est resources are being increased.
Cut-over timber lands present unusual
opportunities for rapid reforestation.
The pine, Florida's chief tree, is some-
what prolific and tends to reproduce
itself easily. It grows from seed with
little difficulty and withstands many
adverse conditions.
In addition to its direct products,
the forest affords indirect features
and advantages. Besides yielding its
production of lumber, turpentine, etc.,
it performs such valuable functions
as the prevention of soil erosion, the
breaking of the forces of heavy winds,
and the providing for warmth by hold-
ing back cold waves. Any one of
these features is oftentimes worth
more than the cost of a little effort
toward forest preservation. In con-
sideration of the increasing value of
lumber and these more agricultural
provisions of the forest, it stands to
reason that the conservation of the
forest resources of Florida is worth
interested effort on the part of each
of us.

Greenman Heads Ag Club
New officers for the Agricultural
Club were elected at its March 30th
meeting. Jack Greenman, of Gaines-
ville, was made president, succeeding
Travis Loften into office. Greenman
as been active in Ag Club activities,
recently completing a term as vice-
president. He is a member of Alpha
Zeta, and is also business manager
of the Florida College Farmer.
Bob Gill, of Zephyrhills, was elect-
ed vice-president. He served as sec-
retary-treasurer of the club during
the early part of the year. Gill prom-
ises some good programs, announcing
that most of them are already lined
J. A. Jones, Jr., was made secre-
tary-treasurer, and W. T. Loften, re-
tiring president, was chosen as critic.
Jones is from Newberry, aid Loften
from Summerfield. Dan McCloud, of
Bradenton, was elected reporter, and
Jim McClellan, from Monticello, was
elected as the agricultural member of
the University Debating Council for
the coming year.

Specific Data
"What do you talk about to a girl
who wants to get marred?" asked the
careful young man.
"Oh," replied the confirmed bache-
lor, "business depression, drought,
chicken thieves, Greta Garbo and

April, 1931


A Healthy Agriculture

THE COUNTRY now is suffering
from a discouraged and depressed
This condition is reflected in a like
depressed situation with reference to
industries and commerce and financial
Agriculture constitutes the basis of
a country's prosperity. If the farms
should go untilled a single year, pov-
erty, distress, and even starvation,
would follow. It is important to take
care of the interests of those who
produce the Nation's food.
The Federal Government has done
much in that direction by establish-
ing the great Department of Agricul-
ture, with all its branches and bu-
reaus, maintained by large appropria-
tions running into hundreds of mill-
ions of dollars annually.
Congress has endeavored to take
care of the financial needs of the
farmers by enacting the Farm Loan
Act, affording long-term accommoda-
tions to actual farmers.
Under that Act approaching Two
Billion Dollars have been loaned to
farmers at 51/2 per cent per annum,
with the right to pay off the principal
at 1 per cent per annum, and to pay
the principal in part or in whole at
any interest period.
The Congress added to that act
provision for short-term credits
through the Intermediate Credit
Thus provision is made for loans
for from three to nine months and
the paper passing through the Inter-
mediate Credit Bank is eligible to
rediscount by the Federal Reserve
We have, therefore, very well taken
care of the financial requirements of
the farmer and there has been a great
increase in production. It is now
claimed that there has come about
over-production of farm products.
At any rate, we have a surplus of
many farm products, such as wheat,
cotton, and some others.
The problem now seems to be one
of proper marketing and economic
distribution of the products of the
We have endeavored to meet that
by establishing the Federal Farm
Board, with an appropriation of Five
Hundred Million Dollars.
The accomplishments of that Board
thus far have not been reassuring.
Perhaps they have not had time
enough to demonstrate the beneficial
effects of the plan.
It is to be hoped that they will
enable us to solve this great remain-
ing problem of Agriculture-Market-
ing and Distribution.
Effort is being made, also, through
Act of Congress by which the Federal
Government is to cooperate with the
States in promoting the health and
welfare of mothers and children and


Duncan U. Fletcher
United States Senate





extending rural sanitation and health
organizations so as to make available
to all the people in their homes the
benefits of modern science.

Bordeaux mixture is a liquid spray
made from bluestone (copper sul-
phate) and either rock or hydrated
lime. This mixture is applied to the
foliage of plants and acts as a fun-
gicide. This spray must not be made
in metal containers. Use wooden
pails, barrels, spray tanks, or earth-
enware crocks instead. Never mix
the concentrated (stock) solutions
and never use Bordeaux mixture that
is more than 12 hours old.
Home-made Bordeaux mixtu-e,
4-4-50 formula, is a most valuable
and economical spray for the control
of plant diseases. Although not used
exclusively by the growers, it is pro-
bably used more than all other fun-
gicides combined. When weather
conditions are normal it gives gocd
control if properly made and applied.
If a large amount of spraying is
to be done it is most convenient to
make up stock solutions of bluestone
and lime in such proportions that one
pound of either bluestone or lime is
contained in each gallon of water.
These stock solutions will keep indef-
initely provided they are not allowed
to dry out. When a stock solution is

once made the surface level should be
marked on the inside of the container
so that water lost by evaporation can
be replaced and the whole thoroughly
stirred before any of the materials
are used. Keep stock solutions cov-
Mixing Platform: If many acres
are to be sprayed during the season,
it wou'd be advisable to construct
a mixing platform where the Bor-
deaux can be conveniently made. The
first thing to consider is the water
supply. Build the platform in a
place convenient to both the water
supply and the field to be sprayed.
The platform should be well built and
high enough to permit the solutions
to flow by gravity into the spray
tank. Upon this platform should be
built a second, smaller platform upon
which the stock solutions are made.
The smaller platform should be ele-
vated enough so that the stock solu-
tions can flow into the barrels on the
main platform.
Stock Solution A, Bluestone: Dis-
solve at the rate of 1 pound of blue-
stone to 1 gallon of water; put 50
(Continued on page 10)

The object is to adopt measures
specifically directed toward mothers
Ever since we have come to and children, but applicable to the
ny conscious realization of the entire population, as well-such, for
lajor problems now facing the example, as measures for insuring
armers of America, we have safe water and milk supplies, for the
card about fa m relief, and control of communicable diseases, the
congressional efforts to bring prevention o; tuberculosis, hookworm
hat about, disease, malaria and the like, with
In spite of all criticism and enlarged and increased activities in
ast failures, the Congress of the rural districts.
he United States is trying to This measure passed the Senate,
ring about measures of farm was amended in the House, the
id. In this article prepared amendment was disagreed to in the
pecially for the Florida Col- Senate, and a conference requested.
ege Farmer, Senator Fletcher Conferees were appointed by the
points out what the past Con- House and Senate and made a favor-
ress has done, and indicates able report on the House bill, but a
'hat future sessions will expect vote could not be had on the measure
o do. before adjournment.
Often, we think, too much is It is expected some such measure
expected of a legislative body, will be enacted at the next session of
nd of the President especially, Congress.
Then it comes to alleviating the
country's economical situation. Nutritionist Reappointed
n the face of all this govern-
n the face of all this govern- Mrs. Eva R. Culley, former exten-
nt criticism and scandal per- t con nutritionist with the State Home
aps it is well to realize that Demonstration Department, began
uch good is also being acom- work at the same position March 1.
The position was left vacant due to
a recent resignation, and Mrs. Culley
will fill it temporarily.

Preparation of Bordeaux Mixture
George F. Weber
Associate Plant Pathologist
Florida Agricultural Experiment Station

April, 1931


The Florida College Farmer
Published by the Agricultural Club
J. R. GREENMAN - Business Manager
COPELAND D. NEWBERN Circulation Manager

W. Travis Loften -Managing Editor
A. P. Evans -- Copy Editor
R. L. Brooks - Exchange
F. W. Barber - 4-H Clubs
W. F. Mitchell - Extension
R. S. Edsall -- Horticulture
R. D. Gill -- Former Students
J. A. McClellan, Jr. - -Poultry
W. W. Roe -- Future Farmers
Clarke Dolive - Club Editor
S. W. Wells Associate Business Manager
T. J. Jones Assistant Circulat'on Manager
M. A. Boudet - Publicity Director
G. F. Bauer C. Herminghaus J. A. Chamberlain

C. H. Willoughby, Chairman
W. L. Lowry R. M. Fulghum
Subscription One Dollar
Application filed for entry as second-class matter
at the postoffice at Gainesville, Florida.


A Changing Agriculture
A trip to the Horticultural Society meeting in
Miami convinced us that the agricultural activi-
ties in Flordia are becoming more modern and
At the meeting were farmers from all over
the state, and it was easy to see that they were
a progressive, intellectual group, in no way typ-
ical of the "hayseed" cartoons. They talked
of chemistry, botany, entomology, plant breed-
ing, fruit storage and rots, and all sorts of tech-
nical things that farmers aren't supposed to
know about. What's more, they were inter-
One of them, a successful grower, talked in
a very ordinary way about his shipments of
grapefruit to Europe. Another stood up and
told the assembled group very frankly that
the country was overrun with so-called agri-
cultural experts, and that the sooner farmers
started to think for themselves the better off
they would be. That's good stuff. He also
added, however, that the government and state
institutions were doing a tremendous amount
of highly beneficial research for the farmers of

Through the state we saw all kinds of farms
and farmers. It seems to us that the small-
scale, ignorant farmer is getting poorer all the
time, while the educated, thinking, scientific
farmer is the one with the fine home and com-
fortable income.

One Year
The Florida College Farmer has just com-
pleted its trial run and has proven itself worthy
of existence. Two staffs, charged with the duty
of creating and keeping it alive have accom-
plished their purpose. It has lived through
its first year and now takes its place in the
College of Agriculture as a permanent activity.
It has been necessary to select and organize
a staff from an inexperienced group of students.
This has been done, and a trained group re-
mains to carry on and improve the work as we
retire. Anyone who has been connected with
the Florida College Farmer will never lose inter-
est in its welfare, or in its continued progress.
The struggle to place it where it is has been
too interesting an experiment in the initiative
of youth, and in the realization of ideals which
many thought were good, but only a few ear-
nestly believed were possible to attain.
During the first year of its existence the Flor-
ida College Farmer has published twelve ar-
ticles by members of the faculty and extension
staffs, six by writers not officially connected with
the University, and twenty-three by members
of the student body. This does not include the
departmental pages edited regularly each month
by members of the staff, which should logically
be placed with the student articles in any com-
parison such as this. They number 19, bring-
ing the total to 42 student articles, in addition
to the editorials, short news items, bulletin re-
views, and the like. The College Farmer was
created to benefit the students, and we present
these statistics to indicate that it is fulfilling
its aim.
The biggest part of thb job, of course, has
been with those who have handled the busi-
ness and financial end of the work. With no
other source of income than from advertising
and circulation, they have made the Florida
College Farmer pay for itself the first year. It
is now entirely out of debt, enjoys the confi-
dence and respect of the University officials and
of the business men of the state, and has excel-
lent prospects for the coming year. Thus it is
with pride and justification in a job well done
that the old business staff makes way for the
In closing, we wish to express our sincere ap-
preciation to all who have helped in making
this first anniversary possible. To our advisory
committee, to other members of the faculty,
to University, State, and National officials, to
our advertisers and subscribers, to the Florida
Grower Press, to the Alumni secretary of the
University, and particularly to the Editors of
the Agricultural Experiment Station, we extend
our thanks, realizing that without your help we
could not have succeeded.
To those who have not helped, in many cases
throwing obstacles in the path to success, we
also extend thanks. You have made our work
more interesting.


April, 1931


Managing Growing Chickens

UR LAST poultry article covered
mating, selecting eggs, incubating
and brooding chicks. This month we
shall start at weaning the chicks from
the brooder and go into further de-
tails of poultry managing.
By the time the chicks are eight
weeks old they should be feathered
out enough so that the heat in the
brooder may be gradually cut down
until no heat is given the chicks. The
chicks then should be on clean range
in summer range houses where they
will have more room and enjoy more
favorable conditions. Keep a look-
out for piling at night, especially if
the weather turns cold.
The Range House for Summer
The summer range house, under
Florida conditions, from which I have
obtained good results is one with an
open front facing to the south with
wire mesh netting enclosing the front
and a ventilation in the back that will
allow circulation of air just above the
chicks' heads. It is really better to
have ventilation on all four sides of
the summer range houses, especially
in the southern part of Florida. The
house should have perch poles about
one foot from the floor. It is also
a good idea to have litter on the
floor. A ten by twenty foot house
should care for about one hundred
chicks until the pullets and cockerels
are separated.
When the chicks are from eight to
ten weeks old the pullets and cocker-
els should be. separated and the un-
desirable cockerels placed in fatt'n-
ing coops or sold.
Feeding the Range Birds
The requirements of the growing
pullets and cockerels are similar to
those of the laying hen; consequently
growing mash may be kept before
them at all times. They should be
fed as much grain as they can clean
up in the morning and in the evening.
Clean, fresh water should be kept
before the chickens at all times.
Chickens at all ages require plenty
of green feed. The chick may con-
sume many bugs and worms, thus
protecting the crops and orchard for
the coming year and replacing animal
tissue in their own bodies.
Fattening and Selling the Surplus
Pullets that do not appear to be
maturing properly, and surplus cock-
erels that are not to be used for
breeding stock should be marketed.
They will not pay for their feed after
they are about three months old and
at that age under normal conditions
they should weigh from two to two
and a half pounds. Surplus stock
should be placed in the fattening coop
or pen when the birds weigh between
one and one and a half pounds, or
at about eight weeks of age.
Pen fattening is used to a large
extent on farms where time is not
available for a better method, but
the essentials of fattening are quiet


J. A. McClellan, Jr.

surroundings and plenty of clean,
fresh water and feed, given under
sanitary conditions.
Coop Fattening
In coop fattening the chicks are
placed in a coop, fed and watered in
troughs attached to the outside of the
coop. The coops should, be so small
that chicks will have little room to
exercise, and consequently fatten
more readily.
According to Farmers Bulletin 287,
the birds in a fattening coop, as those
in a fattening pen, should be fed a
soft, quickly digestible food. A good
feed formula that may be used for
fattening is: 100 lb finely ground
barley, 100 lb finely ground oats with
hulls sifted out, 100 lb finely ground
corn, and 10 lb of meat scraps with
buttermilk or skimmed milk mixed
in. Buttermilk is preferred.
Another ration from which good
results may be expected is equal
parts of shorts and finely ground corn
mixed to a crumbly dough with semi-
solid buttermilk.
Marketing Broilers and Fryers
Marketing of surplus stock de-
pends upon the consumption of poul-
try, the location of the poultryman,
the amount of surplus stock that he
possesses and the market price.
If the poultryman is located where
there is a large consumption for live
broilers and fryers it is probably best
to sell live if prices are suitable. The
marketing of live poultry may not be
suitable. The next plan is to dress
the surplus stock and market it that
way. Producers must be careful that
their birds are dressed in an attractive
Killing and Dressing Surplus Stock
The birds should not be fed for at
least ten hours before slaughtering.
When they are ready to be slaugh-
tered they should be suspended by
their legs, their mouths opened, and
with a small sharp knife the large
vein in the back of their throat cut.
Pierce their brain through the roof
of their mouth. After this step,
which paralyzes the bird, start dry
picking immediately before it becomes
After the birds are picked, wash
them in warm water and lay them
breast downward. Allow them to be-
come thoroughly chilled while in this
position and the flesh will fill in on
the breast, causing it to appear large,
broad and plump. The birds are th"n
ready to be packed in containers fir
Selecting Pullets for Breeding Stock
Pullets should be constantly culled
from the time they are hatched until
they are profitable as breeders. They
should be carefully selected before
they are placed in their permanent
quarters for winter egg production.

During the middle of September or
the first of October they should be in
the best of health and well matured
according to age. Those birds that
are large in size, showing character-
istics of quick maturity, should be se-
lected according to standard require-
ments. Eliminate birds that have
serious disqualifications from the
breeding pen. Only those birds that
show true feminine type and are well
built for egg production should go into
winter quarters. Pullets that are well
matured, in good health and possess
vitality are the birds that should be
kept. They should come into egg pro-
duction by fall when eggs bring the
highest prices. This is ordinarily in
October and November.
Feednig Pullets for Egg Production
If pullets have not been properly
cared for during their earlier stages
of life it will be impossible to get
profitable results from them after
they have reached maturity.
The keynote to poultry profits is to
get the highest possible egg produc-
tion at the least possible feed cost.
But such results can not be fed into
a hen. She must have an inherited
ability to become a high egg producer.
Pullets should at all times have
plenty of green feed or a good sub-
stitute, and clean fresh water. They
must have grit and crushed shell. If
one has only a few pullets it is bet-
ter for him to buy his feed already
mixed and feed it according to the
directions of the feed concern. If
one desires to mix his own feed a good
formula which is now being used at
the University of Florida poultry
farm for mash is alfalfa leaf meal
100 lb ; wheat shorts, 400 lb ; yellow
cornmeal, 300 tb ; 55 per cent meat
scrap, 100b ; powdered skim milk,
50 lb; salt, 51b, and sulphur, 5 lb.
The formula for laying scratch is
yellow corn, 300 lb; wheat, 300lb
heavy oats (or none), 100 lb.

Government Recipe
For Whitewash
In spring many farmers plan to
renovate and whitewash their build-
ings and for their benefit the tested
Government recipe for making white-
wash is printed:
Slack one-half bushel of lime, dis-
solve one peck of common salt and
boil three pounds of rice until it is a
thick paste. Mix these together and
add while the mixture is still hot one-
half pound of plaster of paris and one
pound of dissolved glue. Then add
five gallons of water and let it stand
for a few days. Apply hot to the
building with small brushes. A quart
of carbolic acid makes this mixture
a good disinfectant.

Early spring screening will do a
lot to keep flies out all summer.

April, 1931




The State Pig Club Show
The State Pig C.ub Show fostered
by the Leon County Chamber of
Commerce was held in Tallahassee
on November 25th. Over 100 pigs
of different breeds were shown, and
also twelve dairy animals. Eight
counties were represented, and it was
one of the most successful shows that
has ever been held in Florida. Cash
prizes from one to four dollars were
given to all winners.
The following first prizes were
Junior sow pig; won by Herbert
Lamb of Leon County.
Senior sow pig; won by Hugh Bill-
ingsley of Leon County.
Junior boar pig; won by Hansel
Cavenaugh of Leon County.
Poland Chinas:
Junior sow pig; won by Earl Bill-
ingsley of Leon County.
Senior sow pig; won by Wilma Bas-
sett of Jefferson County.
Junior boar pig; won by Allen
Phelps of Jefferson County.
Senior boar pig; won by Everett
McClellan of Jefferson County.
Fat barrows; first pen, won by
Bradley Bevis of Jackson County.
Single barrow; won by Marable
Love of Leon County.
Black Poland China barrows:
First pen; won by Marable Love
of Leon County.
Single barrow; won by Hugh Dukes
of Union County.
Grade barrows:
First pen; won by Millard Young
of Madison County.
Single barrow; won by Millard
Young of Madison County.

The National Meat
Animal Livestock
Project Contest
Believing that Agriculture is the
basis of prosperity in our nation;
that animal husbandry constitutes the
corner-stone of agriculture; that the
4-H Club system is enlisting the best
thought and effort of the young peo-
ple of our rural communities which
will make them successful in the field
of these basic industries, and in
building citizenship; and desiring to
assist in the expansion of the 4-H
Club movement, Mr. Thomas E. Wil-
son, president of the Wi'son Pack
ing Company, offers county, state,
sectional, and national prizes to win-
ners in the Meat Animal Livestock
Project Contest for the year 1931.
A gold filled medal of honor will
be presented to the highest scoring

county 4-H Club member in each
county of the United States who is
enrolled in and carrying on one or
more meat animal livestock projects,
namely, baby beef, pure-bred beef
animal, market hog, breeding hog,
market sheep, or breeding sheep.
The story of the winner's record of
his livestock club experience written
in his own words, plus a report on
the form, are required previous to
the making of the reward. These
credentials shall be mailed by the
State Leader to the National Com-
mittee on Boys and Girls Club Work
on or before November 1, 1931.
A 19-jewel gold watch of standard
make, valued at $50, is offered in
each state as a prize for the highest
scoring 4-H livestock Club member
enrolled and carrying on a meat ani-
mal project. State winning candi-
dates for the watch prizes and sub-
sequent honors which may be award-
ed shall have completed at least three
years' work in any meat animal live-
stock project before being eligible to
compete. The story of the winner's
experience in livestock club work in
his own words, and copies of his rec-
ord books and photograph, together
with a report on the form are required
as credentials previous to the making
of this award.
The champion 4-H livestock Club
member of each of the four extension
divisions of the United States. East,
South, Central, and West, will be de-
termined by a committee of State
Club Leaders who will judge the rec-
ords of the state champions. These
four sectional winners will receive
educational trips to the Tenth Na-
tional 4-H Club Congress to be held
at Chicago, November 27 to De-em-
ber 5, 1931.
Each sectoinal champion is eligible
to compete for three national schol-
arships of $300, $200, and $100, to
be awarded national, reserve, and
third high ranking champions respect-
ive'y. A scholarship shall be u-ed
within a year of the date of award
except where the winner may be a

regular attendant at school. In this
case it may be used the year follow-
ing the time the club member fin-
ishes his non-colleg'ate school work.
One-half of the money of the scholar-
ship prize will be paid at the time of
matriculat'on, and one-half at the
middle of the first collegia-e year
upon a receipt of a report of satis-
factory progress by the winner from
the State C'ub Leader.
No previous winner of a Thomas
E. Wilson prize is eligible to compete
for the same prize a second time.
It is due to the generosity of men

like Thomas E. Wilson that 4-H Club
work is able to oAer prizes of real
merit and worth, and it is the duty
of every 4-H Club boy to make the
most of such a golden opportunity.
The prizes will be given to somebody.
Why not you?

News Items of
State-wide Interest
The National 4-H Club program
for March was broadcast over a na-
tion-wide NBC hook-up Saturday,
March 7th, from 12:30 to 1:30 p.m.
Music from Germany and Austria
was furnished by the United States
Marine Band. Club members and
leaders from West Virginia and
Michigan, and Dr. C. B. Smith, of
the United States Department of
Agriculture, were the principal speak-

Our old friend, Armour and Com-
pany, is still backing 4-H Club work,
and stands ready to help at all times.
Ths year they are again offering a
trip to Chicago for the 4-H Club boy
showing the Grand Champion barrow
at the 1931 State Pig Club Show.
Let's go, pig club members-you've
got to start right now if you want to
win that prize. It takes time and
good feeding to grow a Grand Cham-
pion barrow, but the prize is well
worth all the effort put forth to win
it. Someone is going to win it next
fall. Who will it be?
Remember, every pig club mem-
ber has just as good a chance as the
next fellow. Make your best better
than someone else's and see the re-

The much-talked-of Recreational
Leader Training School was held last
month by Mr. John Bradford at Crest
View, Mariana, Gainesville and Plant
City. Every one of these schools
held at the different centers was a
distinct success. 4-H Club Leaders
and outstanding members came from
all over the state to their respective
centers in cars and trucks to attend
the schools. So many came, in fact,
that Mr. Bradford was unable to han-
dle the large number, and only fifty
were trained at a time. We feel sure
that the training received by the lead-
ers will be a great aid to them in
leading the recreational activities in
their own communities.
Similar training schools will be
he'd in 1932 at the same centers.
Congressman Tom Yon shows his
continued interest and faith in 4-H
Club work by again offering this year
two $100 scholarships to the out-
standing 4-H Club boy and girl in
(Continued on Page 10)

April, 1931



Central and Southern
County Home Demon-
stration Agents To Meet
Home Demonstration Agents of
Charlotte, Highlands, Citrus, Hernan-
do, Hillsborough, Lake, Lee, Manatee,
Marion, Osceola, Pasco, Pinellas, and
Polk Counties will hold a meeting
with the district agent, Miss Lucy
Belle Settle, April 13-14, at Braden-
Dr. Jennie Tilt, from the Home
Economics Department of Florida
State Women's College, will give a
discussion on the adaptation of infor-
mation published under the head of
Market Basket, by the Bureau of
Home Economics, for Florida needs
using Florida products.
At the close of this meeting a num-
ber of the agents have planned to at-
tend the State Horticultural Meeting
which will be convening in Miami.

Union and Bradford Counties
County Agent Dyer, in cooperation
with State Club Agent Blacklock and
District Agent Nettles, held a sereis
of community club meetings at Law-
tey, Starke, Hampton, Lake Butler,
and Brooker, in Bradford and Union
Counties, the first week in April.
These meetings consisted of a series
of moving pictures from the Depart-
ment of Agriculture in Washington,
depicting life and spirit of 4-H Club
work, its aims and ideals. The pic-
tures were supplemented with talks
by the different leaders and 4-H Club
songs by the 4-H boys and girls.
There were more than five hundred
boys and girls together with their
parents attended these meetings.
Mr. Dyer, the County Agent, is one
of the best Club leaders among the
County Agent force in the state.
Union County 4-H Clubs have been
represented at both the National 4-H
Club Camps at Washington, D. C.,
and the National Club Congress at

Joe Simpkins said the other night
it got so cold out his way that all the
bootleggers had to put alcohol in
their liquor to keep it from freezing.

Walton County
All day poultry schools were re-
cently held at DeFuniak Springs and
Crestview. These meetings were ar-
ranged by County Agent Mitchell
Wilkins, who spoke about growing
green feed, and Miss Eloise McGriff,
Home Demonstration Agent, discussed
home canning of poultry. Other
speakers on the program were E. F.
Stanton, supervisor Florida National
Egg-Laying Contest; Dr. D. C. Gillis,
State Poultry Service Veterinarian;
Norman R. Mehrhof, extension poul-
tryman, and Frank W. Brumley, ex-
tension agricultural economist.

St. Johns County
During the past month Miss Anna
Heist, Home Demonstration Agent,
was assisted in her demonstrations by
Mrs. Harrell of the Singer Sewing
Machine Company, and Miss Mary
Dahnke of Kraft Cheese Company.
Miss Heist, assisted by Mrs. Harrell,
held a dressmaking school at Hast-
ings, where sixteen dresses were
made. Three other dressmaking
schools were held at other places in
the county by Miss Heist, where
forty-eight dresses were made.
Club women attending these schools
expressed themselves as being greatly
benefited by the courses given, and
are delighted that Miss Heist arranged
for them this splendid instruction.

T. A. Brown Resigns
T. A. Brown, who has served as
county agent for Volusia county since
1922, has resigned and accepted a
position to manage the DeSoto coun-
ty properties of Chase and Company.
The resignation was effective April
1, and Mr. Brown is now managing
the Chase packing house as well as
grove and vegetable lands.

Vance and Scott Back on Job
Co-workers of County Agents
Vance and Scott will be glad to hear
that they are back on the job after
extended sickness the past month.

Indian River and
St. Lucie Counties
Miss Ethyl Holloway, Home Dem-
onstration Agent, met with the mer-
chants of Vero Beach and planned
an Educational Shopping Tour for
April 26th-May 2nd. Merchants from
Ft. Pierce who had participated in a
similar tour, also attended this meet-
ing, and endorsed the movement as a
good one to further community spirit
and to increase local business.
The Home Demonstration Agent
said the motive of these tours was to
develop intelligent and economical
buying on the part of Club women.

Washington County
The first "peanut pork" luncheon
to be held in the Southeast was staged
at Chipley the 27th of March. Coun-
ty Agent Gus York and the Wash-
ington County Cooperative Hog
Growers' Association put on the
luncheon and a large number of peo-
ple attended from all the nearby
Peanut pork was the only meat on
the menu at the luncheon. The meat
was donated for the occasion by the
Swift and Company's Moultrie, Geor-
gia, plant, which has taken the lead
in marketing peanut pork wrapped in
J. Lee Smith, extension district
agent, was one of the speakers, and
told why the system of raising pea-
nuts and pork fits so well into the
Agriculture of Florida and the South-

Lake County Flower Show
The Lake County Flower Show
sponsored by the Home Demonstra-
tion Council, under the direction of
the agent, Mrs. Mary Allen, was a
big success. During the twenty
hours that the show was open more
than 1,506 people paid admission to
see it. Club women raised $10.00
cash to be used to pay premiums;
commercial houses gave ribbons and
other articles to prize winners.

Modern Child (seeing rainbow for
first time) : "What's it supposed to
advertise, dad?"

Working for a better Florida agriculture-Florida's county and home demonstration agents.

April, 1931


The Challenge to Rural Youth
(Continued from page 3)
ests of agriculture will be best served
through organization. Marketing, in
the narrow sense, is not the sole ob-
jective, although organization is nec-
essary to progress in this direction.
The true object of organization is to
b:ing together the collective thought
of the millions of producers of our
foods and fibers, to mobilize their
power, to spread equitably the limita-
tions and the advantages of a pro-
duction program, and to meet by uni-
fied action the economic changes of
our growing civilization. This is true
cooperation. This is the object of
the Agricu:tural Marketing Act, which
our President, in the fulfilment of his
promises, was happy to approve.
To this objective, the Farm Board
is bending its efforts. But the Board
cannot do it all. Farmers themselves
must help. Leadership in bringing
the farmers together and in manning
their organization is the greatest need
of agriculture. For agriculture as
for every other industry, leadership
will always be the greatest need. In
this there is an important place for
the 4-H Club member, the vocational
agricultul-e student, and the agricul-
tural college graduate. American
agriculture needs you. It produced
you. Your own homes, your own
people call you. Millions of Ameri-
can farm families fling a challenge to
you. That challenge is that you de-
vote the intelligence of your heads,
the vitality of your health, the labor
of your hands, and the purposes of
your heart to the leadership of the
agriculture of the future. Here is a
field for service, and an altar for
sacrifice as large as any ever offered
to the youth of America.

Preparation of
Bordeaux Mixture

(Continued from page 5)
pounds of bluestone into a clean bag
and suspend it in the top of a 50
gallon barrel of water. It will dis-
solve over night. Never use a metal
container for this purpose. Always
stir the stock solution before taking
any out.
Stock Solution B, Lime: Slake 50
pounds of rock lime and dilute it in
50 gallons of water. Be careful not
to drown or burn the lime while slak-
ing. Always stir the stock solutions
before taking any out. Do not stir
the two stock solutions with the same
Hydrated lime may be used in place
of rock lime. If hydrated lime is used
it is necessary to use 12 again as
much as rock lime. Thus 75 pounds
rather than 50 pounds should be used
in 50 gallons of water.
In making Bordeaux mixture ob-
serve the following directions: Dilute
the required amount of bluestone
solution to half the amount of spray
to be made. Dilute the required
amount of lim2 in a separate con-
tainer to half the amount of spray to

be made. Then pour the contents of
the two containers at the same time
into a third container or spray tank,
stirring the combined mixture as the
two are poured together. Be sure to
place a fine strainer either over the
faucets on the barrels or on top of
the spray tank so that all of the
liquid will be well strained; this will
prevent nozzle trouble in the field.
If it is impractical to use the above
method of mixing the Bordeaux
spray, the following method may be
used: Pour the diluted lime solution
into the spray tank, set the agitator
going and add slowly the diluted
bluestone solution.
Different Amounts of 4-4-50 Bor-
deaux Mixture: In making 50 gal-
lons of the mixture use 4 gallons of
stock A, diluted to 25 gallons, and 4
gallons of stock B, diluted to 25 gal-
lons. Run both of these into the
sprayer at the same time with the
agitator going. For larger amounts
use the same proportions. For in-
stance, to make 100 gallons of spray
use 8 gallons of stock A, diluted to
50 gallons ,and 8 gallons of stock B,
diluted to 50 gallons. Mix as above.
Editor's Note A copy of this
article, in pamphlet form, may be
secured free by addressing the Flor-
ida Agricultural Experiment Station
at Gainesville, and asking for Press
Bulletin 400.

Club Items of
State-wide Interest
(Continued from page 8)
leadership and project work in his
Arlington Henley, of Walton coun-
ty, won the boys' scholarship for
Club boys and girls, $100 may or
may not seem a large sum of money
toward a college education, but it
does give one a very good start, and
that is all that any Club boy or girl
needs to make a success. Many a
Club boy at the University of Florida
owes his start to some such scholar-
ship as Mr. Yon's. Once started, a
Club boy doesn't stop.

The Heart H was surely empha-
sized at the South Florida Fair this
year. The 4-H Club boys donated
their exhibits of corn and cotton to
the drouth-stricken areas of Arkan-
sas. These exhibits will be sold and
Mr. Jernigan, the State Leader of
Arkansas, plans to use the money to
buy seed corn for his boys this spring.
Such a spirit as our boys show is
to be highly complimented and en-
couraged, because it is evident that
the creed of the 4-H's is being lived
and practiced by the 4-H Club boys
and girls of Florida.

Professor: What is tie most po-
tent poison?"
Student: "An aeroplane; one drop
and you're dead!"

Former Students

C. R. "Ick" Shepard, ex '30, has
just finished his part of the fruit fly
eradication work, and is now living
with his family in Gainesville. He
was seen with Clark Douglas at the
Hort Society meeting in Miama re-

"Luke" Fraser, ex '30, has taken
the matrimonial vow and is making
his residence with Mrs. "Luke" in
West Palm Beach.

Ellis Hawkins, ex '30, also recently
fell victim to Dan Cupid's bow and is
living in Plant City.

Clark Douglas, ex '30, has been
employed as a fly chaser with the
State. He is now residing in Gaines-

Pete Leunnen, ex '30, is now occu-
pied with growing high grade water-
melons on his farm in Alachua. We
expect an invitation over there about
harvest time.

Frank Mitchell, ex '31, is in the
dairy business. Frank is also breed-
ing Jersey cattle on his farm at Ken-
dall, Florida. He has some Silver
medal and one Gold medal milker in
his herd.

George Salzer, ex 31, is in the in-
surance business in Jacksonville, Flor-
ida. He was seen in Gainesville for
the recent spring social events.

Stuart Lockhard, ex '31, when last
heard from was in Jacksonville doing
his bit toward the eradication of the
fruit fly.

Fletcher Lett, ex '31, is with a cit-
rus packing house in Plant City, Flor-

M. L. "Kid" Roberts, ex '30, is op-
erating a filling station at Homestead,
Florida. Among other offices of the
company, he rates himself as presi-
dent, chairman of the board, and gen-
eral manager.

Williamson Speaks to Thyrsus
At a recent open meeting of Thyr-
sus, honorary horticultural frater-
nity, Mr. B. F. Williamson, noted
tung oil authority, addressed mem-
bers and their friends.
Mr. Williamson illustrated his lec-
ture with specimens of Florida and
Chinese tung oil, and also displayed
specimens of the various tung nuts
now being produced. He concluded
a very instructive program by an-
swering numerous questions from the
interested audience.
J. C. Cox, Jr., president of the local
chapter, states that Thyrsus members
enjoyed their annual picnic at Jack-
sonville Beach Sunday, March 29th,
when a number of them motored over
for a swim and dinner.

April, 1931



Seminole Chapter
Picture Show Attended
By 2,000 Persons
Under the leadership of their Chap-
ter President, Clarence Henderson,
the Seminole Chapter of F. F. F. spon-
sored a free motion picture show in
connection with the Seminole County
Poultry and Corn Show held in San-
ford, January 8-9-10. Ten reels of
pictures depicting better poultry pro-
duction practices, better corn grow-
ing practices, and rat control were
shown in addition to a number of pic-
tures on forestry furnished from the
Southern Forestry Educational Proj-
ect Truck.
The pictures were shown in an im-
provised theater about 35x60 feet
with seating and standing capacity
of over 200. This theater was in the
same building as the poultry show
and was one of the main drawing
cards to the Poultry and Corn Show.
Four regular picture shows were
held daily starting at regularly an-
nounced hours with different subject
matter shown at each show. It was
estimated that over 2,000 persons at-
tended the Future Farmer Theater
luring the three days.
All work of this show, including
machine operator, ushers and manage-
ment, was done by chapter members.
Talks were also made between reels
by the boys regarding the work of
their chapter in the Sanford Com-

Sebring Future Farmers
Are To Be Given Prize for
Best Forestry Seed Bed
Under direction of L. D. Stewart,
instructor in agriculture of the Se-
bring schools, the Sebring chapter of
Future Farmers of Florida is co-
operating with the State Forestry De-
partment in one of the most important
undertakings in which our state s en-
gaged. It is a work, too, from which
the boys of the Chapter will derive
practical information. Three weeks
ago these Future Farmers, directed

by Mr. Stewart, started a forestry
movement setting out two acres of
small trees, an acre each of long leaf
and slash pine. This small experi-
mental plot is located three miles
south of Sebring on Road 8. The
setting is to be protected by a fire
guard. A class seed bed, four feet
by twelve, has been made, at the
school house for the planting of seeds
of these two varieties of this valuable
In addition to this each boy in the
class is to make and plant a seed bed
at home, three by four feet. Mr.
Stewart has been assured by a con-
servation exponent, now a visitor in
Sebring, of a prize of $5.00 in gold
for the boy having the best seed bed.
Th's will ba judged by the district for-
ester and the State Supervisor of Ag-
ricultural Educaton. The boys are
enthusiastic over the work.
(Similar work in forestry is being
carried on in each of the Future
Farmer Chapters in the state.)

Barberville Chapter,
Future Farmers of America,
A Progressive Outfit
The Barberville chapter, Future
Farmers of Florida, affiliated with
Future Farmers of America, held
their second annual Father and Son
banquet in the lunchroom at the Bar-
berville school Friday night, March
27th. The banquet was well attend-
ed, some hundred boys and dads were
Summary of Work
During the course of the banquet
Prof. Altman gave a bref summary
of the work of the department during
its eight years at Barberville. It was
found that during this period the de-
partment had assisted a total of 777
farmers, an average of 97 individuals
per year. There has been a total en-
rollment of 197 boys during the eight
years, or an average of 25 per year.
In visiting projects and assisting
farmers a total mileage of ,8,882 has

been covered, more than 7,000 miles
per year.
Boys Are Aided
The activities of the chapter have
been progressive as shown by the out-
standing individuals in the chapter.
In 1926-27 Sidney Braddock was
awarded a trip to Atlanta, by a large
commercial business house, for hav-
ing written the best article on co-
operative marketing. In 1927-28
Harry Price was awarded a trip to
Nashville, Tennessee, for having
been one of the three best stock
judges in the state, among the h'gh
school boys.
During the school year 1928-29 five
boys were elevated to the degree of
"Florida Planter," the highest honor
which the state chapter can bestow
upon a boy taking vocational agricul-
ture. Of these five boys from the
chapter three were elected to State
Office, which was further honor for
this chapter.
During the present year two boys
have won cash prizes for having the
second and third best project in a sin-
gle group.
Help at Fair
Through the help of the chapter
Barberville community has been able
to win second place at the county
fair for the past two years.
The department was instrumental
in getting an experimental fernery
located in connection with the work
at Barberville. This has been val-
uable to those who have availed them-
selves of the information available,
as well as attracted visitors to the de-
By a careful compilation of data it
was found that the department at
Barberville is costing one-fifteenth
of a mill to the taxpayers of the coun-
ty, in other words one mill levy over
the county would support fifteen such
schools having like expenses.
For the past five years the de-
partment has been under the direction
of J. C. Brown, who is a graduate of
the University of Florida.
(A Father and Son Banquet, such
as the above, offers an excellent op-
portunity for local publicity regard-
ing the work in Vocational Agricul-
ture, in addition to the recreation af-
forded those in attendance.)

Future Farmers of
Brandon Win Debate
Brandon Future Farmers of Flor-
ida were victorious in their presen-
tation of the affirmative side of a de-
bate against the Plant City chapter's
debaters at the Stonewall Jackson
school last Thursday nght. The sub-
ject, "Resolved That the Future Out-
look of the American Farmer Is En-
couraging," was debated by two mem-
bers of each of the two chapters.
Future Farmers from the Plant City,
(Continued on page 13)

Turkey Creek F. F. F. planting Forestry seed be'd

April, 1931


N. W. Sanborn Cup
Presented Winning
4-H Poultry Judges
The N. W. Sanborn cup was pre-
sented to the members of the Alachua
County 4-H cub poultry judging
team recently in honor of this team's
winning the state poultry club judg-
ing championship at the Volusia Coun-
ty Fair. The cup was donated by
R. C. Blake, Gainesville poultryman,
and named in honor of Dr. N. W.
Sanborn, professor of poultry hus-
bandry n the College of Agriculture.
The name of each county which wins
the cup will be engraved on it, and
one county will have to win it three
years to obtain permanent possession.
Mr. Blake, who coached the team,
entertained the members, Loraine

435 E. BAY ST.

Chamberlain, Lucile Jones, and Eu-
nice Nixon, at a steak fry. The out-
ing also was attended by Dr. Sanborn,
N. R. Mehrhof, extension poultryman,
and Mrs. Grace Warren, home demon-
stration agent. The team presented
Mr. Blake with a book and Mr. Mehr-
hof will a bllfold.

"So you met Alice today?"
"Yes; I hadn't seen her for ten
'Has she kept her girlish figure?"
"Kept it? She's doubled it."

"Gosh! Don't take it so hard, Ethel.
There are other fish in the sea!"
"Yes, but, oh, Dot, he could blow
such beau-ti-ful smoke rings!"



For 28 years and more the
blue Maltese Cross has been
a familiar sight in Florida
groves and trucklands. It is
the trade mark of The Gulf
Fertilizer Company and the
symbol of guaranteed qual-
ity, of dependable fertilizer,
of integrity in business.

Behind this emblem are the unseen experience, the wide
knowledge, the tests in the laboratory, the trials in the
field, the facilities for manufacture, and the ability and
determination to make fertilizers which shall main-
tain the reputation of "GULF BRANDS."

Bradenton Lake Wales Winter Haven Winter Garden

P. O. Box 2790



The N. C. State Agriculturist re-
ports that North Carolina will be
used as representative of the South
in a cattle atlas of the United States
which is now being prepared by
Stefan Taussig of the International
Institute of Agriculture at Rome,
Italy. This book will be one of a pro-
posed series, two volumes of which,
one on Germany and the other on the
Netherlands, have already been pub-
lished. While in North Carolina, Mr.
Taussig was especially interested in
the Red Polled and Guernsey breeds
of that state.
The Penn State Farmer reprints
current Pennsylvania legislation to
the effect that Governor Pinchot,
warm friend of the institution, has
recommended to the Commonwealth
an appropriation of $3,940,000 for
the college during the 1931-33 bien-
nium. This appropriation carries a
twenty per cent increase for mainte-
nance, together wtih $500,000 for a
new dairy building, $400,000 for a
domestic science building, and $40,-
000 for a surface sewage system.
"Agriculture is an art which will
enrich those who diligently practice
it, provided they understand it; but
if they do not understand it, it mat-
ters not how hard they may labor at
it, it leaves them in poverty." So
said Xenophon, the Athenian, some
2,280 years ago. Reprinted from Ex-
tension Service Review, published by
U. S. D. A.
In a feature forestry issue, the
Cornell Countryman carries words of
commendation from the governor of
the state, Franklind D. Roosevelt, and
his brief outline of New York state's
unrivalled reforestaton program. The
present plan contemplates the acqui-
sition by the state and the reforesta-
tion of 1,000,000 acres of abandoned
farm lands within 15 years at a cost
of $20,000,000.

A picture card from a world-touring
dad to his son in college:
"This is the cliff from which the
ancient Spartans used to throw their
defective children. Wish you were

@ @@@@@@@e

McCormick Deering Tractors


Farm Operating Equipment

International Harvester Company


April, 1931

Future Farmers of
Brandon Win Debate
(Continued from page 11)
brandon, Dover and Turkey Creek
chapters were present.
The Brandon debating team was
composed of Roy Russell and Wesley
Adams while that of the Plant City
chapter was composed of Edwin Booth
and Bill Carter.
"There is nothing so satisfactory as
a clear conscience."
"No," answered Senator Sorghum,
"and the next best thing is a good


Perry's Ice Cream

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What of the Future?

SN the near future citrus growers' prob-
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problems will be solved-they must be-to
a point where the individual grower will
reap a gratifying profit on his monetary and
physical investment. As a matter of abso-
lute truth the Citrus Industry will be
Only three points in the United States-Florida,
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which there is a popular demand.
So we repeat that the future of the Citrus Industry
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our sincere belief that the year 1931 will see much
more made of his opportunities than the grower has
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For Top and Side Dressing

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Courses of One Semester,
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