Title: Florida college farmer
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075980/00007
 Material Information
Title: Florida college farmer
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30cm.
Language: English
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Gainesville
 Subjects
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Apr. 1930)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1960?
Numbering Peculiarities: Suspended with v. 3, no. 5 (May 1932) and resumed with Dec. 1935 issue. Suspended with v. 9, no. 4 (may 1941) and resumed with New series v. 1 (summer 1948).
General Note: Published by Agricultural students at the University of Fla.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075980
Volume ID: VID00007
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01569450
lccn - 55047167

Full Text


FLORIDA


COLLEGE


FARMER


PUBLISHED BY THE AGRICULTURAL CLUB OF THE UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA


I I
Vol. II
'En


I I
A



U0


THE NEW CHEMISTRY-PHARMACY BUILDING


MARCH, 1931


X, ISL,


Th


No. 5


(4,sw









NITROpOSA For Sale
Crotalaria striata seed
ANALYSES: Tung Oil whole Fruit
(%) (%) (%) (%)
Ammonia Phosphoric Write for prices
Nitrogen Equivalent Acid Potash
No. 1 15 18.2 30 15
No. 2 16/2 20 16/2 21/2 B. F. Williamson
No. 3 15 /2 18.8 15/2 19
No. 4 15 18.2 11 26% Company
No. 5 10 12.1 20 20
No. 6 10 12.1 20 15 Gainesville, Fla.
No. 7 16 19.4 16 16
No. 8 12 14.5 24 12
For Better Crops at Lower Costs
CALUREA CALCIUM NITRATE THE HOME
34% Nitrogen, equal to 41.3% 15% Nitrogen, equal to 18.2%
Ammonia. 1/5 in nitrate form Ammonia. Nitrate Nitrogen OF
and 4/5 in organic form combined with Calcium
For Top and Side Dressing REAL COFFEE

Jackson Grain Company College Park Inn
State Distributors
TAMPA, FLORIDA 1840 W. University Ave.
"Working for Better Agriculture" Gainesville, Fla.




INSPIRATION RANCH More Eggs
On Palma Sola Bay Lower Cost
Lower Cost
THE ONLY EXCLUSIVELY

PURE BRED GUERNSEY HERD PINEBREEZE
IN FLORIDA EG MAS

We offer at reasonable prices
SPLENDIDLY BRED YOUNG BULLS FROM
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Every animal in our herd is negative to blood test for tubercu- Sent on Request
losis and infectious abortion. We are also tick free.

Come Look Us Over Howard Grain Co.
J. A. FHowK, Inc., Owners JACKSONVILLE Co.
J. A. FROHOCK, Inc., Owners JACKSONVILLE


BRADENTON, FLORIDA


FLORIDA






THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


Contents for March


FEATURES


PAGE
High School Boys in Florida Study Vocational Agriculture
by J. F. Williams, Jr.- ------ 3
Observation and Practice Teaching in Vocational Agriculture
-by A. H. Spurlock -- ----- 4
A Fertilizer Program for the Pecan Orchard
-by G. H. Blackmon - - 5
The Use of Color in Landscape Design-by G. T. Smith and
T. K. Pease -- - ------ 7

DEPARTMENTS
Over the State with Extension Workers - 8
Future Farmers of Florida - - 9
Exchanges -- - ------10
Florida 4-H Club News - - 11
Former Students - - - 12


"Caterpillar"

TRACTORS









A Si te

for every use.



A hundred

uses for

every szie









Burgman Tractor &

Equipment Company

No. 8 Riverside Viaduct


Jacksonville, Florida


March, 1931







THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


Tbe Countrp 30op'! Creeb
BELIEVE that the Coun-
try which God made is
More beautiful than the
City which man made;
that life out-of-doors
and in touch with the earth is the nat-
ural life of man. I believe that work
is work wherever we find it, but that
work with nature is most inspiring
than work with the most intricate ma-
chinery. I believe that the dignity of
9- labor depends not on what you do, but (
on how you do it; that opportunity
comes to a boy on the farm as often as
to a boy in the city, that life is larger
and freer and happier on the farm than
in the town, that my success depends
not upon my location, but upon my-
Sself-not upon my dreams, but upon
what I actually do, not upon luck, but
Supon pluck, I believe in working when
you work-and in playing when you
play and giving and demanding a square
Deal in every act of life.
-Edwin Osgood Grover.








..


March, 1931













THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER

"Florida First"


VOL. II No. 4 GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA March, 1931


High School Boys in Florida Study

Vocational Agriculture


THE primary aim of vocational ed-
ucation in agriculture is to train
present and prospective farmers for
proficiency in farming.
In Florida, at the present time,
there are fifty-one vocational agri-
culture teachers located in the high
schools of thirty counties, striving
to meet the "Aim" as set forth in the
first paragraph.
Departments of Vocational Agri-
culture are placed in high schools in
agricultural communities upon re-
quest, and one-half of the salary of
the teacher of vocational agriculture
is paid from Federal and State Funds.
Every department of vocational agri-
culture that was in operation during
the past fiscal year was continued
this year and in addition several new
departments were added. This state-
ment is significant in that it shows
that the people who live in the com-
munities where vocational agriculture
is taught in the high schools recognize
the value of these departments and
see to it that Vocational Agriculture
is maintained as a part of the curricu-
lum of their schools.
Any farm boy who intends to make
farming his life work needs training
just as does the boy who intends to
become a lawyer, a doctor, or an en-
gineer. Any man attempting today,
without training, the practice of law,
medicine or engineering would be
immediately recognized as a menace
and an absurdity. A man attempt-
ing farming without training is a
closer parallel to the untrained pro-
fessional man than many people
would think.
That the people of Florida who
are interested in farming, recognize
the need and value of training in
agriculture is manifest by the stead-
ily increasing enrollments in voca-
tional agriculture classes. During the
fiscal year 1927-28 the total enroll-
ment in vocational agricultural classes
in Florida was 1750 pupils; in 1928-
29, 1867 pupils; and in 1929-30, 1921
pupils.
According to statistics compiled by
Robert D. Maltby, Federal Agent for
Agricultural Education, the Voca-
tional Agricultural Education pro-
gram in Florida reached, during the
fiscal years 1927-28 and 1928-29,
through all-day or day-unit classes, a
higher percentage of all farm boys


by

J. F. Williams, Jr.
State Supervisor of Agricultural Education


J. F. Williams, Jr.


(between the ages of 14 to 20) than
did the same program in any other
state in the South.
This statement is significant, in that
it shows the extent to which Florida,
in comparison with other Southern
States, is filling this need for train-
ing of the farm youth in the "busi-
ness of farming."
Herbert Hoover says: "We in this
country believe that education pays
for itself and is worth while, and if
this is true of any sort of education
it certainly is true of vocational edu-
cation-that it pays for itself. That
is the acid test, particularly of voca-
tional education-that it shall pay
for itself. If it does not, it is not
vocational education at all."
Applying this test to our program,
we find that all pupils enrolled in vo-
cational agriculture classes are re-
quired in addition to their regular
classroom work to carry out at least
six months of supervised practice
work. This supervised practice or
project work is generally done on the
pupil's home farm, under the super-
vision of the teacher of vocational
agriculture.


During the past year the pupils en-
rolled in vocational agriculture classes
have carried their supervised, or proj-
ect, work in fifty-one different agri-
cultural enterprises in the State, in-
cluding citrus, field crops, truck crops,
floriculture, bulbs, ornamentals, dairy
cattle, beef cattle, hogs, poultry and
bees.
The total labor income from this
project work was more than the total
cost of the salaries of all the voca-
tional agriculture teachers in the
state, for the same period of time.
The following data bear out the state-
ment that vocational agricultural edu-
cation in Florida is paying for itself.
During the fiscal year 1928-29 there
was $123,292.51 expended for teach-
ers' salaries and $159,725.47 returned
in pupils' project labor income from
their supervised practice program.
This shows that for each dollar in-
vested in teachers' salaries a return
of one dollar and twenty-nine cents
from supervised practice work, car-
ried on under the supervision of the
agriculture teacher, is obtained.
It would be impossible for me to
discuss Vocational Agriculture with-
out mentioning the "Future Farmers
of Florida." Active membership in
this organization is confined to pupils
who are actually enrolled in Voca-
tional Agriculture classes and are
carrying acceptable supervised prac-
tice programs. Each high school in
the state where Vocational Agricul-
ture is taught has a local chartered
chapter, Future Farmers of Florida,
affiliated with the state organization,
which, in turn, is affiliated with the
national organization, Future Farm-
ers of America. The purposes of this
organization are:
1. To promote vocational agricul-
ture in high schools of Florida.
2. To create more interest in intel-
ligent agricultural pursuits in the va-
rious counties of the state.
3. To create and nurture a love of
country life.
4. To provide recreation and edu-
cational entertainment for students
in vocational agriculture, through
agricultural and athletic contests, va-
cation tours, father and son banquets,
and the like.
5. To promote thrift.
6. To afford a medium for cooper-
(Continued on Page 12)








THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


Observation and Practice Teaching in


Vo

T HE University of Florida is de-
signed by the State Board for Vo-
cational Education as the institution
for training agricultural teachers in
Florida, and the State plan for Vo-
cational Education sets' up certain
minimum qualifications of teachers.
Among these are: (1) Graduation
from a standard Agricultural Col-
lege, and, (2) At least eighteen se-
mester hours' work in Education, one
course of which must have been in
Special Methods of Teaching Agri-
culture.
Dr. E. W. Garris is head of the de-
partment of Teacher Training, and
follows up the course in Methods,
with a course for seniors in Observa-
tion and Practice Teaching, the work
of which is here discussed.
The Vocational Agricultural de-
partment in the high school at
Alachua, sixteen miles from Gaines-
ville, is used for observation and
practice teaching. This department
has a special wooden building, sepa-
rate from the high school building,
used for agriculture and home eco-
nomics. The teacher in charge of the
Agricultural department there, Mr.
G. W. Dansby, is classed as an as-
sistant professor of Agricultural Edu-
cation at the University of Florida.
The class in observation and prac-
tice teaching meets three times a
week. Two of these periods are used
for going to Alachua, and the other
is used for discussion of the methods
observed, or if the problems and
plans of the student who is doing the
teaching.
This year, on the first trip to
Alachua, each man in the practice
teaching class was given a list of the
boys' names in the class to be ob-
served. These names were to be
learned so that the student doing
practice teaching could call each boy
by name. The boys' acquaintance
was made by noting who responded
when the teacher called a name, and
by personal contact after the class
period.
The next step was to find out what
reference material, as books, bulle-
tins, illustrative material and charts,
the department had. Also the other
classroom equipment and laboratory
and shop tools were inventoried.
For the first month in the school
year the members of the practice
teaching class did no teaching but ob-
served the methods employed by Mr.
Dansby. Thus it enabled them to get
a good idea of how a class was to be
conducted before actually attempting
it themselves.
When the practice teaching began
each man was given a week to teach.
He then prepared a job analysis and
teaching layout, or plan, for the par-
ticular job he was assigned to teach.
This was presented to the practice


national Agriculture

by Every

A. H. Spurlock partme
of Futu
is an org
teaching class for criticism and ap- in vocat
proval before the job was taught. As by the aj
each man taught, the members of the of advis
practice teaching class observed, not- one mee
ing his methods, strong points ,and member
weak points, class.
In addition to observational prac- terested
tice teaching, each man is preparing have a
a course of study for the Alachua year. C
community. A course of study suited tice tea
to one community may not be suited F. F. in
to another, and one of the duties of Son Bar
the agricultural teacher is to prepare Every
a course of study adapted to his com- agricultl
munity. ing the
In preparing a course of study the Alachua
most important enterprises in the
community are given more weight and practice
are taught first. These enterprises boys' pi
are determined by farm surveys, fifty experien
of which are usually taken and com- The c
bined or averaged. The practice organize
teaching class has made these surveys actual p
of Alachua in order to work out the work an
course of study, teacher


vocational agricultural de-
t in the state has a chapter
re Farmers of Florida, which
'anization of the boys enrolled
ional agriculture, supervised
agricultural teacher. The duty
ing and assisting the boys in
ting has been assigned each
of the practice teaching
The Alachua boys are an in-
and enthusiastic group, and
constructive program for the
)f special interest to the prac-
ching class have been the F.
itiations, and the Father and
iquet.
boy enrolled in vocational
ure carries a project. Dur-
year, and especially after the
school closes in April, the
teaching class visits these
projects and thus gains some
ice in project supervision.
ourse in practice teaching is
d to give the men as much
practice and experience in the
d problems of the agricultural
as possible.


Professor H. Harold Hume Added to

Faculty March First
by
Sidney Wells


On March 1st Professor H. Harold
Hume of Jacksonville assumed his
new duties as Assistant Director, Re-
search, for the Experiment Station
and Assistant Dean, Research, for the
College of Agriculture. Mr. Hume
was appointed at the last meeting of
the Board of Control.
Mr. Hume was born in Russell, On-
tario, Canada, a little over half a
century ago. He received his B. S.
from the Iowa State College in 1899
and his M. S. at the same place in
1901.
Mr. Hume was professor of botany
and horticulture at the old Florida
Agricultural College and the Univer-
sity of Florida in Lake City from 1899
to 1904. From 1904 to 1906 he was
professor of horticulture at the North
Carolina State College and also state
horticulturist.
From 1910 through 1921 Mr. Hume
was President of the Florida State
Horticultural Society. Over a period
of many years he has been engaged
in practical work connected with the
growing of plants, both fruit and or-
namental, and in the growing of fruits
of different kinds. In the field of
general horticulture he is regarded as
one of the foremost authorities in
the country.
Mr. Hume is regarded as an out-


standing authority on citrus culture
in Florida. He is the author of text-
books on citrus culture, pecan cul-
ture, and gardening which are widely
used. His book, The Cultivation of
Citrus Fruits, has been translated
into foreign languages and is in use
in foreign countries, particularly
Mexico, Cuba, Spain, Brazil and Pal-
estine. In 1929 the Macmillan Com-
pany published his book, "Gardening
in the Lower South," which deals with
the propagation and cultivation of
ornamental and fruit plants com-
monly found in the southern states.
His most recent book, "Azaleas and
Camellias," has been widely and fa-
vorably reviewed by the horticultural
press.
"The University has been fortunate
in securing the services of such an
outstanding agricultural leader to
help direct the research work in the
Experiment Station and teaching di-
vision of the College of Agriculture,"
says Dr. Tigert. "He will continue
the plan of correlating research ac-
tivities and efforts and the direction
of research along the most important
lines, which are making the Florida
College of Agriculture and its Experi-
ment Station so valuable to the people
of the state. It is hoped that plans
can be evolved whereby even greater
service can be rendered."


March, 1931








THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


A Fertilizer Program for the Pecan Orchard


THE records to date on tree growth
and nut production of pecan trees
in the cooperative fertilizer experi-
ments being conducted by the Florida
Agricultural Experiment Station in-
dicate that there must be a well-
rounded-out fertilizer program to
give the best results. The commer-
cial fertilizer mixture should be a
well balanced one, containing a defi-
nite ratio of the three principal plant
food materials. It should be stated,
however, that organic material is very
important in maintaining soil fertility
and is of much importance in fertiliz-
ing pecan orchards. Lot manure will
give good results, if there is a quan-
tity available, but, if it must be pur-
chased at high prices, it becomes a
rather expensive fertilizer for pecans
and the organic materials can gener-
ally be supplied more economically
by growing and disking in rank grow-
ing legume cover-crops, using in con-
nection therewith a satisfactory com-
mercial fertilizer mixture. This pa-
per will consider the practice of using
commercial fertilizers largely for use
in supplying the plant food materials,
but those who are interested should
keep in mind the importance of add-
ing organic matter to the soil, either
as lot manures or cover-crops grown
and returned to the soil, as the com-
bination of both will give best re-
sults.
When pecan trees are set and for
the first six to eight years thereafter,
a fertilizer mixture analyzing approx-
imately six per cent ammonia, eight
per cent phosphoric acid, and four
per cent potash should give good re-
sults.
The available data would seem to
indicate that bearing pecan trees
should receive a fertilizer contain-
ing somewhat less ammonia than
younger ones, but approximately the
same percentage of phosphoric acid
and potash, with the possible excep-


by

G. H. Blaekmon
PECAN CULTURIST
Florida Agricultural Experiment Station

tion of some instances where trees
are making an excessive rank growth,
when it is generally advisable to in-
crease the percentage of potash to
six per cent.
The fertilizer mixture should be
made in such a way that the am-
monia is available over as long a
period as possible. For example, it
seems to be advisable to have from
one-fourth to one-third of the am-
monia readily available 'and the re-
maining portion slowly available so
that it can be utilized by the tree
over a long period.
The phosphoric acid and potash
may come from the commonly used
sources, such as superphosphate and
sulphate of potash, respectively. It
should be said that in the use of these
materials, as well as all the others.
in home mixing, one should be sure
that all lumps are completely broken
up so that there will be an even mix-
ture throughout.
These fertilizer mixtures can be
purchased from standard fertilizer
firms or they can be mixed by the
grower, as desired. Whichever proves
to be the most economical and the
most satisfactory is the one that
should be used.
Where the soil is of such a nature
that the plant food is not readily lost
by leaching, one application of fer-
tilizer made the latter part of Feb-
ruary or in March, fifteen to twenty
days prior to the bursting of the buds,
is generally all that is required. How-
ever, when plant food is rapidly
leached from the soil it is advisable
to make two applications of about
equal amounts, one in February or
March and the other in June or July,


A Profitable Curtis Orchard in Alachua County.


both applications totaling the amount
required per tree per year, which
would be the same as applied at one
time to a tree of the same age and
size.
Where trees in the orchard occupy
three-fourths or more of the space,
the fertilizer should be broadcast to
within about two or three feet of the
tree trunk. If the trees are smaller,
spread the fertilizer over the area in
the circular space two or three feet
from the trunk to two or three feet
wider than the entire spread of the
branches. After the applications,
the fertilizer should be worked into
the soil with an acme or disk harrow,
or it can be worked in by hand around
small trees.
The amount of fertilizer required
per year will vary with the age and
size of the tree. In general, how-
ever, from two to three pounds the
first year the tree is transplanted and
about two pounds additional for each
year of age of the tree is required.
Therefore, a five-year-old tree would
receive about ten pounds per year.
A general recommendation would be
for the first eight years after trans-
planting to use from three to sixteen
pounds per tree per year, depending
on age, of a fertilizer mixture analyz-
ing about six per cent ammonia, eight
per cent phosphoric acid, and four per
cent potash. For older bearing trees
use twenty to one hundred pounds
per tree each year, depending on age
and size, of a mixture analyzing ap-
proximately four per cent ammonia,
eight per cent phosphoric acid, and
four per cent potash. If tree growth
is too vigorous in older trees, it would
seem advisable to use six per cent
potash instead of four per cent, other-
wise use the formula recommended
for general orchard practice.
Those who are especially interested
in the fertilization of pecan orchards
should write for Experiment Station
Bulletin 191, "Pecan Growing in Flor-
ida."


Horticultural Fraternity
Elects Officers
Thyrsus, honorary horticultural fra-
ternity announces the election of
new officers. They are J. C. Cox, Jr.,
president; Richard Lord, vice-presi-
dent, and H. J. Brinkley, secretary.
A new custom for initiates has been
inaugurated. The new men of each
year must plant a tree somewhere on
the campus. That this action will
beautify the college grounds and set
a desirable precedent is unquestioned.
Thyrsus is planning a picnic to oc-
cur at either St. Augustine or Jack-
sonville Beach next month.


If Adam ever came back to earth
the only thing that he would recog-
nize is the jokes.


March, 1931







THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


The Florida College Farmer
ESTABLISHED 1930
Published by the Agricultural Club
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
GAINESVILLE
WILLARD M. FIFIELD - Editor
J. R. GREENMAN - Business Manager
COPELAND D. NEWBERN Circulatlon Manager
EDITORIAL STAFF
W. Travis Lofton - Managing Editor
A. P. Evans - Copy Editor
R. L. Brooks - - Exchange
F. W. Barber - 4-H Clubs
W. F. Mitchell - Extension
R. S. Edsall - Horticulture
R. D. Gill - Former Students
J. A. McClellan, Jr. - Poultry
W. W. Roe -- Future Farmers
Clarke Dolive - Club Editor
BUSINESS STAFF
S. W. Wells Associate Business Manager
T. J. Jones Assistant Circulation Manager
M. A. Boudet - Publicity Director
G. F. Bauer C. Herminghaus J. A. Chamberlain

FACULTY ADVISORY COMMITTEE
C. H. Willoughby, Chairman
W. L. Lowry R. M. Fulghum
PUBLISHED MONTHLY DURING THE SCHOOL YEAR
Subscription One Dollar
Application filed for entry as second-class matter
at the postofice at Gainesville, Florida.



VOLUME 2 MARCH, 1931 NUMBER 5



Once More-Progress
This month the College Farmer adds another
department. Beginning with this issue, each
month a page of news concerning the Future
Farmers of Florida will be presented.
This page is presented in cooperation with
the State Department of Vocational Education,
and particularly through the aid of Mr. J. F.
Williams, State Supervisor of Agricultural Edu-
cation. Our managing editor deserves the credit
for the work entailed in planning this new page,
as he has handled it practically alone.
In presenting this news each month, the Col-
lege Farmer more fully fulfils its aim to encour-
age the training of Agricultural leaders for to-
morrow. Furthermore, it offers to our adver-
tisers-those faithful friends who have made
our magazine possible-an added value at no
additional cost.
Also, in this issue, we have changed the de-
partment of "Our Alumni" to that of "Former
Students." We shall endeavor in the future,
under the editorship of Bob Gill, to cover a much
wider and more complete field, bringing news
of all former students, whether they were for-
tunate enough to graduate or not.


Mr. Hume's Appointment
The recent appointment of Mr. Hume to as-
sist in supervision and correlation of research
work should result in greater service to the
people of our state on the part of the College
of Agriculture and its Experiment Station.
During the past ten years there has been a
large increase in the scope and quantity of re-
search in the College of Agriculture, and par-
ticularly in the Experiment Station. Discussing
the new appointment in his report to the Presi-
dent, Dr. Newell sums up the situation as fol-
lows:
"While the work of our College and Station
compares favorably with that of similar insti-
tutions in any state, and while all the research
workers are putting forth their best efforts, it
is felt nevertheless, that these workers need
more help and counsel, and their projects closer
supervisory direction and correlation than can
be given by the present small administrative
personnel."
A few figures may serve to more thoroughly
impress our readers with the growth that has
taken place in our state institution. During the
past ten years the number of research depart-
ments in the Experiment Station has increased
from 4 to 9, and the number of Branch stations
from 1 to 4. There are now 8 field laboratories,
when ten years ago there were none. The num-
ber of scientific workers has grown from 8 to
72, an increase of 900 per cent. Eight years
ago the Station work involved 36 research proj-
ects. This year the projects number 145.
In the teaching division during the same num-
ber of years there has been an increase in the
number of departments of instruction from 5 to
10, and in the number of persons on the teach-
ing staff from 9 to 21. Of more importance, in
connection with the recent appointment, is the
fact that the amount of research work in the
College proper has been greatly increased, both
by members of the faculty and by graduate stu-
dents. There are now not less than 23 research
projects under way by members of the teaching
staff.
At the present time the teaching division has
10 full professors, 2 associate professors, 5 as-
sistant professors, and 4 instructors. Ten years
ago the staff was composed of 5 full professors,
no associate professors, 3 assistant professors,
and 1 instructor.
Except for the addition of Mr. Fleming as
Assistant Director of the Experiment Station,
the administrative personnel of the College has
remained the same, despite the large increase
in activities.
As for Mr. Hume's qualifications, an article
appearing elsewhere in our pages this month
shows him ably fitted to carry on with the work.

The worst sorrows in life are not in its losses
and misfortunes, but in its fears.

The secret of happiness is not in doing what
one likes, but in liking what one has to do.

Some people are so painfully good that they
would rather be right than be pleasant.

The silence that accepts merit as the most
natural thing in the world, is the highest ap-
plause.-Emerson.


March, 1931








THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


The Use of Color in Landscape Design


HE proper use of color in a land-
scape composition is one of the
most important features, and all too
frequently receives only a negligible
amount of attention, even from the
professional designer. This is a very
unfortunate circumstance, as the sub-
ject requires very careful considera-
tion and may mean the difference
between a fine or a mediocre plant-
ing effect.
The two outstanding requirements
of a color composition are that there
must be color harmony and color bal-
ance. Color harmony may be ob-
tained by using complimentary colors
(colors that when mixed together
will make a neutral gray, as red and
blue-green) ; by using colors that are
analogous, or all of the same family,
and by having one prevailing color
throughout the whole, and minor col-
ors where they may be needed. Color
balance may be secured by using
equal areas of colors of the same in-
tensity, or strength, or by offsetting a
large area with a small one in which
the color is proportionately stronger.
The color of the foliage of plants
as it appears in the landscape is only
partly dependent on the color of the
individual leaves as seen near at hand.
A plant of fine texture, or which has
many leaves close together, forming
an almost unbroken surface, will ap-
pear to be almost of one uniform
color. A plant with more open foli-
age will have the general color of its
leaves mottled with either dark points
of shadow, or points of brighter light,
depending on whether the plant has a
heavy mass of foliage, which will
make the interior dark with shadow,
or a comparatively light mass of foli-
age through which the sunlight can
easily penetrate. If the leaves of a
tree be of different colors on their
two sides, the color of the whole tree
at a distance will be more or less a
combination of the two. Glossy leaves
will give a tree a much more brilliant
and sparkling appearance than leaves
of a dull hue.
Foliage color has a very extensive
range. Within the range of the
greens only, from the white green of
the Buddleia or Butterfly bush, and
the yellow green of some of the gold-
en arbor vitae, to the deep blue-green
of wax privet or some of the junipers,
there is as great a variety as an artist
could obtain. In addition to these,
there are the plants with foliage that
is distinctly of another color, like the
Coleus, Acalypha tricolor, and Phyl-
lanthus, and also the different colors
of deciduous trees in fall and spring.
In the larger compositions of foli-
age mass, the design is usually of a
naturalistic style and an effort is made
to make it harmonious with the sur-
rounding landscape. The designer is
endeavoring to make a composition
which shall be restful and peaceful in
its effect on the beholder, and look
as nearly as possible like the undis-


by

G. T. Smith and T. K. Pease

turbed work of nature. In such work
he should adhere closely to the range
of greens, with the exception of a
very few and carefully chosen points
which he desires to accent, and in
those a touch of brilliance will de-
cidedly enhance the composition as
a whole. Within the range of greens,
however, the designer has a very ef-
ficient means of accomplishing the
effects that are desired. The darker
colors give to a plant an effect of
solidity and strength which enables
it to serve as an accent in some im-
portant point or to strengthen a pro-
jection in a naturalistic composition.
Due to the natural phenomenon
called "perspective," which makes
objects of the same size and color ap-
pear larger and darker when near
than when farther away, foliage of
different shades of the same color can
be used to make a vista which may
not be very long, appear to be longer.
This effect is secured by using the
darker shades in the nearer part of
the planting, and the lighter ones
farther away.
Where there is no necessity for
similarity with the foliage natural
to a locality, where the design is ob-
viously man-made, as in a formal
garden, the brilliant and somewhat
abnormal appearance of the purples,
reds, and yellows of so-called "col-
ored" foliage may be appropriate and
desirable. These brilliant colors,
however, are usually best given value
and effect by being set off against
more usual and less startling shades.
Colored foliage, then, is likely to be
best used either in beds enframed and
backed by a living green, such as a
hedge, or vine-covered wall; or as
individual specimen plants making a
definite point; or as a spot of color
used to give sparkle and life to a mass
of colors not quite so brilliant. Care
must be exercised in choosing the
plants to be used in a planting of this
kind, because some of the foliage col-
ors are as near impleasing as is pos-
sible for any color to be, especially
those of some of the herbaceous
plants.
In flowering shrubs, and particu-
larly in flowering herbaceous plants,
there is the greatest opportunity for
the use of color in landscape design.
In these materials, the range of col-
ors is as wide as that of the painter;
they vary from the pure white of the
lilies, through the orange and red
of Bignonia and flame Azaleas, to the
dark blue of larkspur.
There is one outstanding difficulty
in the designer's use of such colors;
it is that he cannot look at the colors
he is to use, and then rearrange or
modify them of they do not suit.
His only guide is what, from his own
experience, he knows the colors
should be.


In using flowering plants in any
landscape composition, the very close
relation of each mass of flower color
to the whole scene must be constantly
borne in mind. By proper choice of
the flower colors of the beds, it is
possible to bring out the whole de-
sign of the garden and make it a
thing of great beauty. On the other
hand, by using masses which are too
small and too varied in color, the
only effect is a feeling of monotonous
confusion. To give a bed the feeling
of unity there should be one color
which is dominant over the rest, with
the others introduced to produce a
harmonious variety.

Ez: "I hear that you have given up
tobacco, Si."
Si: "Well, Ez, I'm sorta taperin'
off like. I don't swaller the juice no
more."

He: "May I hold your Palmolive?"
She: "Not on your Life Buoy."
He: "Then I'm out of Lux."
She: "Yes, Ivory formed."

Words of Wisdom.-Many a self-
made man should never have been
passed by the building inspector. A
polite man never gets a seat on a
street car.


The Mark of


Reliability!


Nearly fifty years of ex-
perience with Tropical
and Semi-Tropical Horti-
culture is constantly at
your disposal.





Reasoner Brothers'

Royal Palm Nurseries

ONECO, FLORIDA
Established 1883


March, 1931








THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


OVER the STATE WITH EXTENSION WORKERS


County Agents Annual Report
The time of county agents, for the
past year, has been consumed in help-
ing farmers, and bettering general
agricultural conditions. From the
following report one may learn how
the work is progressing.
Total number of farm visits made,
36,364; news articles published,
2,917; number of individual letters
written, 45,817; bulletins distributed,
40,029; radio talks, 138; calls in of-
fice, 62,769; telephone calls, 30,545;
meetings held, 4,237; attendance at
meetings, 51,832; tours of farms, 76;
total attendance on tours, 3,810.

North and West Florida
Counties Hold Meetings
County Agents in Walton, Oka-
loosa, Jackson, Washington, Leon,
and Jefferson counties have drawn
out thousands of farmers, and other
interested people, to meetings dur-
ing the past month in the interest of
livestock. Mr. J. L. Smith, district
agent, accompanied by Mr. W. J.
Sheely, Livestock Specialist, had
charge of a large number of these
meetings. Dr. K. F. Warner, of
Washington, D. C., who is interested
in meat investigations, attended some
of the meat cutting demonstrations.
Motion pictures were shown and dem-
onstrations given, showing the proper
way to cut up a hog or beef. The
main purpose of these meetings was
to present the agricultural outlook as
it pertaned to livestock.

Conference of the
East Coast Agents
County agents of the East Coast
held a conference in Fort Pierce last
month. At the conference were pres-
ent Agents W. E. Evans, C. P. Heuck,
M. U. Mounts, C. A. Steffani, W. T.
Nettles, Dr. Turlington, E. F. DeBusk
and W. R. Briggs.
District Agent W. T. Nettles was
in charge of the meeting, and plans
for the coming year were discussed
and outlined. Citrus Specialist De-
Busk outlined what he considered the
most important problems in the field
of citrus. Dr. Turlington and W. R.
Briggs led the discussion on the eco-
nomic phases of the work.

Jackson County
Through the courtesy of the Times
Courier, the Mariana Weekly, Mr.
Sam Rountree, County Agent, con-
ducts a "For Trade and Swap" col-
umn. The column is open to the
farmers of Jackson County for the
sole purpose of aiding them in dis-
posing of their farm products, live-
stock, farm machinery, or to aid them
in securing same. It was announced
at the beginning of the service that
such commodities would be adver-
tised free of charge. It was also an-
nounced, however, that ads covering


farm lands, other real estate, auto-
mobiles, positions wanted, and the
like, would not be carried in this col-
umn.
The service has been the means of
disposing of a large amount of pro-
duce for the farmers, according to
Mr. Rountree.

St. Johns County
E. H. Vance, County Agent, re-
ports that abnormal rainfall held up
potato planting to such an extent
that the crop is going to be delayed
from three to four weeks. After the
rain ceased 'the farmers were all
pleased with the way the land worked
up.
Crotalaria was used as a cover crop
last year and reports are that it is
proving very favorable. This has re-
sulted in an increased number of or-
ders for the seed.

Leon County
Mrs. Ruth C. Kellum, Home Dem-
onstration Agent, reports that one of
her clubwomen, Mrs. Estrella Smith,
has been disposing of vegetables,
poultry, and poultry products at the
curb market. Recently she started
making cakes and wrapping them in
cellophane, which has resulted in prof-
itable sales.

Lake County
In the citrus district many of the
agents have been busy advising grow-
ers and farmers with reference to
ways and means of cutting down the
cost of the spring fertilization. Mr.
Hiatt, County Agent, reports that he
has been especially busy with this
problem. This county has had un-
usual success in selling crotalaria
seed. To date over thirty thousand
pounds of seed have been sold and
orders are coming in for more. Im-
ported seed and seed grown by grow-
ers in this section will make their
total planting for the year approxi-
mately seventy-five thousand pounds.


Mr. Hiatt believes that they will
have one hundred per cent of the
grape acreage planted to crotalaria as
a cover crop, and around twelve to
fifteen thousand acres of groves
planted to this crop.


Dade County
At the request of the home dem-
onstration clubs, a special demonstra-
tion meeting was conducted by Miss
Pansy Norton, Home Demonstration
Agent, showing how to make various
things from the tropical products.
The women realized that the materials
would not cost anything, and felt
that it was important that every wom-
an in the county be encouraged to
make useful and attractive things out
of the native products.
Ffteen work meetings were held
in the county, instructing the women
in the art of making useful articles
from coconut fiber and palmettos.


Duval County
This month in Duval county the
agent has stressed in every way pos-
sible the necessity of putting out per-
manent pasture grasses. Some of
the dairymen have already com-
menced to sow grass seed. A gen-
eral feeding program is being pushed
at all times. The program being
adopted by many dairymen is the
planting of one acre of permanent
pasture per cow, and one acre of cul-
tivated land to silage, a winter graz-
ing crop being planted after the
silage crop has been removed.


Gadsden County
A crowning achievement has been
gained by Miss Elsie Laffitte, Home
Demonstration Agent. She has se-
cured orders from the Florida State
College for Women, in Tallahassee,
for approximately seventeen hundred
pounds of dressed poultry. Her club-
women have filled the orders.


McCormick Deering Tractors

and


Farm Operating Equipment



International Harvester Company

OF AMERICA

435 E. BAY ST. JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
'I


March, 1931








THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


'FUTURE FARMERS OF FLORIDA


Florida Boy Wins in
National Contest
Joe Blake, a member of the Future
Farmer Chapter of Gonzalez, Florida,
was successful in winning first place
in the National Essay Contest spon-
sored by the American Royal Live
Stock Show at Kansas City, Missouri.
This contest was open to all mem-
bers of the Future Farmers of Amer-
ica organization who attended the
National Congress of F. F. A. in
Kansas City.


Joe Blake
The winning essay, entitled "The
Value of My Trip to the Americal
Royal Live Stock Show," expresses
Joe's feelings in part as follows:
"My trip forcibly brought home to
me the fact that a new and better
era in agricultural advancement is
beginning, and I truly believe that
the foundation for this is being laid
in the wonderful presentation of live
stock shows throughout the country.
Closely connected with this is the per-
fect cooperatoin of the live stock
shows with the efforts of the future
Farmers of America in stimulating
interest in all phases of agriculture."
And in another paragraph:
"To have had the opportunity to
participate in the judging of such
high grade livestock and to have been
closely associated with boys from all
sections of the country, was indeed
an inspiration. The trip has enabled
me to see those heights which a boy
can obtain through agricultural ac-
tivities and caused me to realize how
necessary good farming and good
farmers are to the prosperity of our
country."

Accomplishments of the
Laurel Hill Chapter
Among the things done by the Lau-
rel Hill Chapter, Future Farmers of
Florida, during the school year 1930-
31, designed to be of benefit to the
community should be listed the loca-
tion of the Chapter's Registered Jer-
sey bull, "Future Farmer's Booster,"
in a centrally established place to
provide free service for to anyone de-
siring to make use of him. The bull
was bought in Tennessee by the Chap-


ter and brought to Laurel Hill in or-
der to help improve the quality of
the milk cows. Up to the present
time many people have taken advan-
tage of the opportunity to breed their
cows to the Chapter's bull.
In November the Chapter made ar-
rangements with the State Marketing
Bureau to ship a poultry car from
Laurel Hill in an effort to provide
and develop a better market for tur-
keys and poultry. This had never
been done before, and dire predictions
were made, but in spite of an all-day
rain, 87 farmers shipped poultry
which brought over $856.00 into the
community, (part of the shippers
sold to independent buyers at an ad-
vance of Ic per pound for turkeys
over what was given at the car, and
this amount could not be accurately
learned.) Due to the success of the
first car, arrangements were made to
continue the cars each month. At
present three cars have been shipped
and arrangements made for another.
As a result of advertising and pro-
moting, by the Chapter, of cooperat-
ive selling of poultry, many hundred
of dollars have been brought into the
(Continued on Page 12)

Alachua Chapter
The officers of the Chapter:
Jessie Shaw, President.
Merle Floyd, Vice-President.
Earnest Proctor, Sec.
Ronald Boyles, Treasurer.
Walter Stephens, Reporter.
W. H. Gillis, Charles Boston, Joe
Hill, Executive committee.
We have thirty boys in our Chap-
ter, twelve of which were admitted
as green hands.
Meetings are held the first and
third Wednesday in every month.
On November 20 we held our An-
nual Father and Son banquet in the
Baptist church. There were seventy-
one present, including fathers, sons,
and guests. We had several visitors
from the University of Florida.


Speeches were given by G. W.
Dansby, our Agricultural teacher; Su-
perintendent E. R. Simmons, Travis
Lofton, H. L. Rockwood, our Prin-
cipal; Earnest Proctor, our Secretary,
and Merle Floyd, our Vice-President.
We sent invitations to J. F. Will-
iams and Governor Carlton, who ex-
(Continued on Page 12)


Seminole Chapter
Wins in State Contest
In a contest open to the thirty-
seven Future Farmer Chapters in
Florida, the Seminole Chapter of San-
ford was successful in winning first
place. This contest is conducted by
the State Department of Agriculture
and sponsored by the Chilean Nitrate
of Soda Educational Bureau, who
gave fifty dollars in cash as prizes
to be awarded to the winners in the
contest. The prizes were awarded to
the Chapters which showed by their
records that they had planned and
carried out the best program of work
during the past fiscal year. The
awards were as follows:
Seminole Chapter, first place, $25.
Plant City Chapter, second place,
$15.
Laurel Hill Chapter, third place,
$10.
The following is a short summary
of the activities and accomplishments
of the Seminole Chapter, winners of
first place in the Contest.
Each boy in the Chapter farmed
approximately one acre of land and
carried two projects to completion
during the year. Eighty-six per cent
of the boys were sole owners of their
projectss and fourteen per cent farmed
on a share basis. During the year
the average number of farm skills ac-
quired by each boy was seven and
each boy put at least two improved
farm practices into operation on his
project.
The members of the Chapter had
(Continued on Page 10)


Seminole Chapter at Work on Their Irish Potato Project.


March, 1931








THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


Seminole Chapter
Wins State Contest
(Continued from Page 9)

an average investment in farming,
per boy, of $128.00 and the total
labor income from all the boys' proj-
ects was $3,930.90.
Since cooperative effort is one of
the objectives of the Future Farmer
Organization, the members of the
Seminole Chapter took especial note
of this in planning their program of
work. During the year the members
of the Chapter engaged in five differ-
ent cooperative activities, among
which was the cooperative harvesting
and marketing of the Irish potatoes
grown on the Sanford School Farm.
Each boy took farm surveys of a
number of farms in the community
and also made a project tour studying
the individual projects of the other
boys. Using the information gath-
ered in this manner and any addition-
al information available, each boy
made a long-time project program
for himself that might be expected
to enable him to grow into the busi-
ness of farming.
Members of the Seminole Chapter
participated in the following contests
or events during the year: Future
Farmer Judging Contests at both the
South Florida Fair, Tampa, and the
Florida State Fair, at Jacksonville;
Demonstrations in the Future Farmer
Booth at South Florida Fair; District
Public Speaking Contest; Seminole
County Poultry Show and the Chilean
Nitrate of Soda Crops Contest. The
boys entering these various contests
and events brought much honor to the
Chapter and in addition were award-
ed many individual prizes.
"To Promote Vocational Agricul-
ture in the High Schools of Florida,"
is another Future Farmer objective
attained by the Seminole Chapter.
This objective was reached by mem-
bers of the Chapter visiting various
high schools in the County and mak-
ing talks in Chapel regarding Voca-
tional Agriculture. Personal inter-
views, for high school boys who were
particularly interested, were also ar-
ranged.
Among the many recreational and
social events participated in by the
Chapter members, probably the out-
standing event was the Future Farm-
er Father and Son Banquet staged
by the members of the Seminole
Chapter in the agricultural classroom
of the Sanford High School. As a re-
sult of this banquet the fathers have
shown more interest in the work, with
particular reference to really trying
to assist their boys in planning and
carrying out bigger and better proj-
ects.
That the Seminole Chapter of Fu-
ture Farmers is training boys for po-
sitions of leadership is brought out
by the fact that in addition to draw-
ng its own officers from the ranks of
its membership, it is also furnishing
boys to hold offices in the Sunday
Schools, Junior Hi-Y, Young People's


Service League, and the local De-
Molay.
We are all proud of the accomplish-
ments of the officers and members of
the Seminole Chapter, Future Farm-
ers of Florida, which enabled them to
win the honor of having their chapter
ranked as the best in the State, and
we wish them even greater success in
meeting the objectives set up in their
program of work for the ensuing
year.
J. F. Williams, Jr.,
State Adviser, F. F. F.

Alpha Zeta Holds
Initiation and Banquet
Thursday night, March 19, 1931,
the following new members were in-
itiated into Alpha Zeta, honorary
agricultural fraternity: T. E. Collins,
G. D. Finney, W. W. Lawless, G. H.
Lucas, R. R. Musselman, and 0. E.
Smith.
The fraternity held its annual in-
itiation banquet at the Primrose Grill
on Monday night following the in-
itiation. Present at the banquet was
Dean Thomas P. Cooper of the Ken-
tucky College of Agriculture, who is
also national High Censor of the Fra-
ternity of Alpha Zeta. He spoke on
the ideals and principles of the fra-
ternity, and the need for men of
vision and training in the field of
agriculture.
Other speakers at the annual din-
ner this year were Dr. John J. Tigert,
president of the University; Dr. Wil-
mon Newell, Prof. H. Harold Hume,
Major W. L. Floyd, Mr. S. T. Flem-
ing, Russel Henderson, president of
the local chapter, and Ed Collins,
who gave the response for the new
initiates.
Jack Greenman had charge of all
arrangements for the very successful
affair, and W. M. Fifield, editor of
the College Farmer, presided as toast-
master.

Uncle Abe says there is one good
thing about the day of the horse and
carriage; there was no necessity for
waking up anybody to secure hay
enough to get back to town.

The latest animal husbandry prob-
lem is how to keep the adders from
multiplying.

First Hen: "I get sixty cents a doz-
en for my eggs. How much do you
get?"
Second Hen: "Oh, I get only fifty-
five cents for mine."
First Hen: "Why don't you try to
make your eggs bigger and then you
can get sixty cents for yours?"
Second Hen: "Huh! I wouldn't ex-
ert myself for a nickel."

Short Story.-"I left my money at
home," said a lady to the conductor.
"But you will have to trust me, for I
am one of the directors' wives."
"Lady," answered the conductor, "I
couldn't trust you if you was the di-
rector's only wife."


Exchanges


AUBURN, ALABAMA
The Auburn "Veterinarian" re-
prints a new use for milk as pointed
out in an issue of Dairy Produce
Magazine. It is the removal of bad
odors from denatured alcohol that is
to be used as a perfume base. Dr.
Alexander Gimonet is credited with
the method, which is as follows: "A
quart of fresh Grade A milk is poured
into five gallons of denatured alcohol
and the mixture is allowed to stand
for three hours. It is then agitated
and allowed to stand for twenty-four
hours longer. It will be noticed that
the casein in the milk drops to the
bottom, bringing down the impurities
of the liquor. It is odorless."
Dr. Gimonet warns that his method
is not for drinkers, as the alcohol,
while odorless, is still poisonous.

Possibly foreshadowing a Sopho-
more-Freshman class rush, students
in sanitary entomology at Auburn
observed "Rat Day," held not in hon-
or of the two-legged species but, as
stated, in dishonor of the four-legged
rodent. A campaign promoted by the
mayor and supported by the Univer-
sity and local Boy Scouts consisted
in placing poison bait in every home
and business house in Auburn.

BROOKINGS, SOUTH DAKOTA
The ninth annual Little Interna-
tional Livestock and Grain show
sponsored by the agricultural students
of South Dakota State College was
held this year coincident with the
Farm and Home Week and the cele-
bration of the Golden Jubilee or
fiftieth anniversary of that institu-
tion. The Little International is a
most laudable Ag college activity.
The principal exhibits, as held at
Brookings, consisted of livestock
shows, a poultry show, and products
and displays of agronomy and horti-
culture-entomology. Special events
of added attraction included tumbling
by the co-ed team, a chicken picking
contest, and clown acts by talented
Ags.
We note that Co-eds at South Da-
kota have formally voted to do with-
out corsages at the Junior Prom,
this if the men who would have to
rent tuxes would give up that. Ob-
ject: to cut the expenses of college
formals.

COLUMBIA, MISSOURI
For the last twenty-five years, the
students of the College of Agricul-
ture of the Universtiy of Missouri
have planned and successfully exe-
cuted what is known as Farmers'
Fair. This annual event has won
recognition as the "Biggest Student
Stunt in America." It justly de-
serves such a title, for the fair draws
crowds of approximately ten thousand
(Continued on Page 12)


March, 1931








THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


SFLORIDA


4-H CLUB NEWS


First State Poultry Show
The first State 4-H Club Poultry
Show and Judging Contest was held
in DeLand February 17th through
the 21st, in connection with the Volu-
sia County Fair. It aroused much
favorable comment, especially on the
quality of the birds and their excel-
lent show condition.
In the show there were 34 exhib-
itors represented from eight counties,
and they entered 180 birds. Ten
different varieties were represented,
with White Leghorns, Barred Rocks,
and Rhode Island Reds leading. Over
a hundred dollars in prize money was
divided among the winners.
The birds were judged by Daniel
Shove, licensed A. P. A. judge of Fall
River, Mass. The judging contest
winners were selected and announced
by Norman R. Mehrhof, extension
poultryman; Miss Flavia Gleason,
state home demonstration agent, and
R. W. Blacklock, state boys' club
agent.
The big prize of the show, a free
trip to the Chicago Coliseum Poultry
Exposition and National Club Con-
gress held next November, was won
by Eunice Nixon, 16-year-old Alachua
county club girl. She was the high-
est scoring individual in the judging
contest. Charles Lamb, of Orlando,
was a close second to Eunice, and
will serve as alternate if she is un-
able to make the trip.
Six counties-Alachua, Bradford,
Lake, Marion, Orange and Volusia-
competed in the judging contest.
Each county entered one team, ex-
cept Lake county which entered two,
composed of three members each.
Every contestant had to judge four
rings of four birds each, or sixteen
birds in all. Only fifteen minutes
was allowed for judging each ring.
The highest scoring team was the
Alachua county girls' team, composed
of Lucille Jones, Loraine Chamber-
lain, and Eunice Nixon. The Lake
county boys' team, composed of Ed-
ward Zellman, Joe Morrell and Carl
McWhorter, ran the girls' team a
close second.
The best poultry display was won
by a pen of Rhode Island Reds ex-
hibited by Edward Zellman of Uma-
tilla. He won a prize of $10.00.
The best cockerel was a White
Wyandotte, shown by Joe Morrell of
Umatilla. His prize was $5.00.
The best pullet was a White Leg-
horn shown by Billy Hargis, also of
Umatilla. His prize was also $5.00.
The following are the winners in
the different breeds:
White Leghorns-First cockerel and


first pullet won by Billy Hargis of
Umatilla.
Buff Minorcas-First cockerel won
by Lucille Jones of Newberry. First
pullet was won by Margaret Dodd of
Keystone Heights.
Black Minorca-First pullet won
by Oquin Breare of Baldwin.
Blue Andulusians-First cockerel
and pullet won by Marcus Williams
of Eustis.
Barred Plymouth Rock-First cock-
erel won by Marjory Daugherty of
DeLand, and first pullet by Wynnell
Bray of DeLand.
Partridge Plymouth Rock-First
cockerel won by A. B. Peacock of As-
tor, and first pullet by Edward Zeli-
man of Umatilla.
Australorps-First cockerel and
pullet won by Hillis Ramsey of De-
Land.
White Wyandotte-First cockerel
won by Joe Morrell of Umatilla, and
first pullet by Guilda Yates of Or-
lando.
Light Brahma-First cockerel and
pullet won by Neala Lungren of De-
Land.
White Plymouth Rock-First cock-
erel and pullet won by Carl McWhor-
ter of Umatilla.

Items of State-wide Interest
The Tom Yon 4-H Club Girls Lead-
ership Scholarship of $100 has been
awarded to Gladys McDuffy of Holmes
county.
Gladys has completed six years of
club work, and with her bright, happy
disposition and willingness to work
has proven a favorite leader among
the girls. She has served as presi-
dent of her own club, president of the
County Junior Council, has represent-
ed the county twice on the State
Council, and has proven a leader at
the district camps. Gladys has also
been a leader in Sunday School and
B. Y. P. U. work.


Arlington Henley of Walton Coun-
ty was awarded the Tom Yon Scholar-
ship for outstanding leadership among
the 4-H club boys in the Third Con-
gressional District.
Arlington has been a 4-H club boy
for five years, has held various of-
fices, and has been an efficient boost-
er and leader in all kinds of 4-H club
activities.

Miss Beulah Felts of Manatee
County has been awarded a scholar-
ship of $100 a semester by the State
Home Demonstration Council, accord-
ing to announcement by Miss Flavia
Gleason, state home demonstration
agent. This is the first scholarship
ever awarded by the council.
Miss Felts is a junior at the Florida
State College for Women, taking the
Home Economics course and prepar-
ing herself for home demonstration
work. She did outstanding work as
a club girl and continued her interest
in club work after enrolling at Col-
lege. At the present time she is vice-
president of the College 4-H Club.

Three 4-H Club Boys
Get Nitrate Medals
For Best Acre of Corn
Three Florida 4-H club boys have
just been announced as winners of
medals offered by the Chilean Nitrate
of Soda Educational Bureau for the
best acre of corn in their district.
Yield, production costs, and a com-
plete story of the acre were consid-
ered in picking the winners.
The West Coast winner was R. C.
Joyner, of Hillsborough county, who
produced 97/2 bushels on his acre.
The East Coast winner was Hugh
Dukes, of Union County, who pro-
duced 91.1 bushels on his acre.
The Northwest Florida winner was
Arlie Wooten of Walton County, who
grew 61 bushels on his acre.


Cumberland and Liberty Mills Co.

JACKSONVILLE TAMPA
MIAMI



WHOLESALE GROCERS


Flour, Grits, Meal, Beans, Peas, Rice, Sugar, Cotton Seed
Meal and Hulls, Corn, Oats, Hay and Feed of All Kinds


March, 1931








THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


High School Boys in
Florida Study Agriculture
(Continued from Page 3
ative marketing and buying.
7. To establish the confidence of
the farm boy in himself and his work.
8. To promote scholarship and ru-
ral leadership.
With these objectives set up and
with an active chapter in each depart-
ment of Vocational Agriculture striv-
ing to meet these objectives, it is
readily understood what a vital part
the Future Farmer organization ac-
tually plays in the success of voca-
tional agriculture in the high schools
of the state.
Florida is primarily an agricultural
state and there are great possibilities
for improvement and progress along
agricultural lines in Florida. It is a
recogized fact that in the near fu-
ture only the intelligent, well trained
and efficient farmers will be able to
succeed at the business of farming.
Thus it becomes the function of the
departments of Vocational Agricul-
ture in the high schools of the state
to train our "Future Farmers."


Accomplishments of the
Laurel Hill Chapter
(Continued from Page 9)
County, and many people are fatten-
ing hens and raising pullets for the
market which previously did not ex-
ist.
In an effort to help beautify the
town, members of the Chapter went
into the woods and dug up good sized
young Water Oak trees and brought
them to town to be planted in the
town square and along the streets.
The trees were heeled in, and on a
designated day were planted, with
the cooperation of the Town Council
and the Women's Club.
Members of the Chapter, working
with the Florida Forest Service, put
on a demonstration alongside the
State Highway, showing by compari-
son how much faster unburned forest
pines grow than those burned. An
acre was devoted to each plot. Along-
side of these tracts a demonstration
was put on showing the planting and
growth of seedling Short Leaf and
Long Leaf pines.
Plans have been made to give each
family in the community who will
care for them, six budded peach trees,
and six pear trees, planted, budded
and delivered by the Chapter.
The Chapter plans to enter the Dis-
trict F. F. F. Basket Ball Tournament,
District Oratorical Contest, State
Judging Contest, Forestry Contest
and Nitrate of Soda Contest.
J. D. Thomas, President.

Revised Version.-The fruit of the
Garden of Eden that caused the trou-
ble was not an apple-it was a green
pair. Eve had her troubles, but Adam
never annoyed her with detailed ac-
counts of his mother's cooking.


Frozen Tangerine
Juice Found To Be
Pleasing Product
Gainesville, Fla.-Investigators at
the Florida Experiment Station have
found that it is possible to freeze
tangerine juice by relatively simple
methods and without any special pre-
cautions. The resulting product is
very satisfactory, with a flavor that
is pleasing and appealing. Frozen
tangerine juice has been kept in the
Station's cold storage plant for over
four months. Just how long the juice
will keep remains to be determined.
Tangerine juice has blended with
orange juice, and has given a richer
and deeper color and more sprightly
flavor to the orange juice. Blends
with the juice of grapefruit, tangelos,
etc., are being studied.


EXCHANGES
(Continued from Page 10)
people, and has a gross income of
from 2,500 to 5,000 dollars. Such a
mammoth undertaking naturally in-
volves a vast amount of work on the
part of the agricultural students.
The outlay of time and thought, how-
ever, is amply justified by the returns
in practical experience and education,
all of which is over and above the
very tidy sum made as a profit on
the work. These returns, it may be
of interest to know, are used for the
betterment of the College of Agri-
culture.

ITHACA, NEW YORK
On the page devoted to the dis-
ciples of Saint Murphius (Cornell's
foresters) unique methods for the
punishment of violators of the forest
preserve laws are noted. "A man,
charged with cutting nine trees to
sell as Christmas decorations, was
fined $10 per tree. Unable to pay
this fine, he was required to plant
one thousand balsam firs to replace
the nine he had removed."

Alachua Chapter
(Continued from Page 9)
pressed their regrets that they could
not be present.
Our Chapter also supports a bas-
ketball team and we hope to win the
F. F. F. District Tournament.
We have as our project, a thirty-
bushel bed of sweet potatoes. With
the income from our project, we hope
to start a State Camp for the mem-
bers of the F. F. F.
We want to express our apprecia-
ton to Miss Carlton and the Home
Economics Department for serving
our banquet and making it a great
success. In return for this we hope
to entertain them in the near future.

It has recently been found that by
dipping the bloom of Narcissi into
dye, ink, or cake coloring, one can
get a variety of tints and shades. A
bowl of these blossoms in pastel
shades is pretty and unusual.


Former Students


Henry Glenn Hamilton, '21, BSAE,
is associate professor of Agricultural
Economics at the University of Flor-
ida.

Frank Warner Brumley, '26, BSA,
is Specialist in Farm Management
with the Florida Extension Service.
His headquarters are in Gainesville.

Marvin Adel Brooker, '26, BSA, is
assistant agricultural economist at
the Florida Experiment Station.

Felix Anthony Reiber, '30, BSA, is
an instructor in Mathematics at the
University of Florida. He is also
studying for his Master's degree in
mathematics and chemistry.

John Francis Cooper, MSA, '30, is
Agricultural Editor for the Florida
Experiment Station and Extension
Service. He received his BS degree
at Alabama Poly Tech in 1921.

Raymond Merchant Crown, '26,
BSA, is field assistant in Cotton In-
vestigations with the Florida Experi-
ment Station, and is now located at
the branch station in Quincy.

Doyal Edgar Timmons, '26, BSAE,
is an instructor in Agricultural Eco-
nomics at the University of Florida.

Charles Ralph Dawson, '28, BSA,
is assistant in Dairy Investigations
with the Florida Experiment Station
in Gainesville.

Adam Webster Tenny, '30, BSAE,
is teaching Vocational Agriculture in
Plant City.

Shelby Lee Brothers, '30, BSA, is
teaching Vocational Agriculture at
MacClenny, Florida.

Mark Bradley Jordan, '30, BSA, is
teacher of Vocational Agriculture at
Liberty High School, DeFuniak
Springs, Florida.

Steiner Clive Kierce, '29, BSA, is
Vocational Agriculture teacher at
Jay, Florida. His home is in Baker.

Raymond Holt Howard, '28, BSA
and MSA '30, is an instructor in
Agricultural Economics at the Uni-
versity of Florida.

Clayton Murray Sipprell, '30, BSA,
is now engaged in farming at Palatka,
Florida.

Charlie Frantz Walker, '30, BSA,
is with the Foremost Dairies in At-
lanta, Georgia.

Little Boy (to butcher) : "Say, give
me a pound of dog meat, and make it
good this time as the last you gave
me made my old man sick."


March, 1931










Sweeter


Than


The Touch of

Two Soft

Lips

is life itself.

Farm life can be a drudg-
ery or a pleasure. It all
depends on the methods
you use and the profits you
make.

Read the magazine of
scientific agriculture and
modern discoveries in the
farm world.
Help keep the boys and
girls on the farm by pro-
viding them with this op-
portunity to see what
other successful boys and
girls are doing.

A subscription for the
school year, eight copies,
is only a dollar.


THE FLORIDA
COLLEGE FARMER

An officially recognized
publication of the Univer-


sity o:


f Florida.


ARTISTS
RETOUCHERS
SHALFTONES- j te
ZINC ETCHINGS
PROCESS PLATES RESPESS
IN TWO THREE NRAVIN
AND FOUR ENGRAVING
COLORS COMPANY, 9nc.
JACKSONVILLE,
FLORIDA
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World's Finest Materials

in A & G Fertilizers


Peruvian Guano, the world's
best natural fertilizer-Ni-
trate of Soda from Chile-
Ammo-Po from South
America-Sulphate of Pot-
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brought together to make the
world's best fertilizer-A. &
G. No fillers used-A. & G.
is all fertilizer, and there is
an A. & G. Brand to meet
every soil requirement.


Prompt service assured; write for Free Price List No. 62.





ATLANTIC & GULF FERTILIZER CO.

JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA






GULF BRANDS
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For 27 years and more the
blue Maltese Cross has been
a familiar sight in Florida
groves and trucklands. It is
the trade mark of The Gulf
Fertilizer Company and the
symbol of guaranteed qual-
ity, of dependable fertilizer,
of integrity in business.
Behind this emblem are the unseen experience, the wide
knowledge, the tests in the laboratory, the trials in the
field, the facilities for manufacture, and the ability and
determination to make fertilizers which shall main-
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WAREHOUSES
Bradenton : Lake Wales : Sarasota : Winter Haven : Winter Garden

THE QULF FERTILIZER 00.
P. O. Box 2790
TAMPA, FLORIDA










What of the Future?


N the near future citrus growers' prob-
lems will be solved, citrus marketing
problems will be solved-they must be-to
a point where the individual grower will
reap a gratifying profit on his monetary and
physical investment. As a matter of abso-
lute truth the Citrus Industry will be
JUST EXACTLY WHAT THE INDI-
VIDUAL GROWERS MAKE IT.

Only three points in the United States-Florida,
California and Texas raise citrus fruits in com-
mercial quantities. This means that the fruit grow-
ers of these states hold a virtual monopoly on citrus
fruit-and properly distributed, the citrus growers
will reap their full measure of profit from this mon-
opoly just as surely as do the shareholders in steel,
oil, or radio or the owner of a patented article for
which there is a popular demand.
So we repeat that the future of the Citrus Industry
will be just what the growers make of it-and it is
our sincere belief that the year 1931 will see much
more made of his opportunities than the grower has
ever made of them before.


LSYONSY L TT TPR@
rr O^RANk T
Tampa BELTO Florida
OFFICE ** '. PLANT


805 Citrus Exc. Bldg.


35th St. and 4th Ave.


"QUALITY FERTILIZER FOR QUALITY FRUIT"


A complete stock of
Root's Bee Supplies.
Conke\'s feeds and
remedies. A full line
ot everything neces-
sary to raise Poultry
in the back vard or
on the farm.
Write for information


Joseph B y Hardware Co.,02 WEST CHURCH ST.
Joseph Bumby Hardware Co., ORLANDO FLOR, A


The College

of


Agriculture

of the

University of

Florida


offers the best training for
Florida boys in all lines of
agricultural production
and leadership.
Four year course leading to
B.S. degree, with special-
ization in Horticulture,
Agronomy, Animal Hus-
bandry, Economics, Ento-
mology, Chemistry, Agri-
cultural Engineering and
Education.
Only College in Southeast
offering full courses in Cit-
rus and Sub-Tropical Fruit
Culture, and in Landscape
Design.
Courses of One Semester,
One Year and Two Years
easily arranged for those
wishing to study technical
agriculture only.
Low expenses for board
and fees.
For catalog and full in-
formation, write postal
card to

Dean or (Secretary)

Of

College of

Agriculture
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
GAINESVILLE


On '
;I




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