PUBLISHED BY THE AGRICULTURAL CLUB OF THE UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
\I ~ ,Nc-1
PRODUCE BETTER RESULTS
due to the generous amount of organic Nitrogen (al-
most entirely from Genuine Peruvian Guano) used in
Plan now to use NACO Brand Fertilizers. Results will prove the
wisdom of your choice. Bigger yields of improved quality fruit and
truck will bring added profits.
TROUBLE WITH 1930
was that too many of us wore the same old clothes, drove
the same old cars, tuned in the same old radios and wor-
shipped the same old dollars.
What Will Make 1931 Different?
and actually make men enjoy writing checks payable to
us is the extraordinary values we are offering NOW. It
will be years before you will again see such quality gar-
ments at the present prices.
Burnett THE Clothier
We carry full line of
The Thomas Co.
West Side Square Phone 22
Weekly Price List
Sent on Request
Howard Grain Co.
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
Contents for January
The Federal Farm Board and Agricultural Extension
By A. P. Spencer - - - 3
The South Florida Fair and Gasparilla Carnival
By W. Travis Lofton- ----- --- 4
The Cultivation and Care of Medicinal Plants in Florida
By Arnold D. Welch- - ------ 5
Watermelon Growing-By M. R. Ensign - 7
Ornamental Trees of Florida-By Harold Mowry - 8
Farm Accounts Discussed-By M. A. Boudet - 4
Club Women Given State Awards for Home Improvement 5
Alpha Zeta Initiates Four - -
Phi Sigma Initiates Fourteen -
Over the State with Extension Workers -
Florida 4-H Club News - -
Editorials - -
- - 10
- - 13
Another Year of
With the dawn of a new year IDEAL FERTILIZERS pass
the thirty-eighth milestone on their road of leadership in
Florida. IDEAL BRANDS retain their unchallenged posi-
tion because of unexcelled quality of materials used and of
results obtained. Use IDEAL FERTILIZERS for profit-
able 1931 crops in grove and field. Booklets on Citrus
and Vegetable culture mailed on request.
Manufactured Exclusively by
Wilson & Toomer Fertilizer Co.
Burgman Tractor &
No. 8 Riverside Viaduct
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
For Fruits Or Vegetables -- -
A. & G. FERTILIZERS assure
you of larger growth and quick-
er maturity for citrus or vegeta-
bles. They give young trees
strength and added vigor, which
means a better start for the next
season. An A. & G. Brand to
meet every soil requirement.
Prompt service assured; write for
free Price List No. 62.
ATLANTIC & GULF FERTILIZER CO.
We will gladly give you estimate
of cost with our recommendation.
stock of Irrigation equipment and
Farm Machinery carried in Orlando.
Farm & Home Machinery Co.
Box 568 ORLANDO, FLA.
will bring you a copy of
FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
each month for
KEEP IN TOUCH WITH
RED COMB BUTTERMILK
AND HAPPY FEEDS
Booster for the University
All Standard Varieties
on Sour Orange Root
Your inquiries solicited
NATHAN MAYO, President
W. J. LYLES, Vice-Pres. & Mgr.
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
VOL. II No. 3 GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA January, 1931
The Federal Farm Board and
The Agricultural Extension Serv-
ice in each state operates by authori-
zation of Congress as provided by
the Smith-Lever act of 1914 where-
by the United States Department of
Agriculture and the state colleges co-
operate in carrying out a program of
The Federal Farm Board was cre-
ated to administer the agricultural
marketing act which became a law
July 15, 1929. The agricultural ex-
tension service of the Federal gov-
ernment is under the jurisdiction of
the Secretary of Agriculture and this
Secretary of Agriculture is ex-officio
member of the Federal Farm Board.
These authorized institutions have
to do with production, marketing and
credits of agriculture and these prob-
lems stand out as the most important
facing agriculture of every state.
The farm must produce products
that can be utilized at home or sold
at a profit if the farmer is to be suc-
cessful. If a great surplus of cotton,
cabbage or any other crop is pro-
duced, this surplus, though it may be
relatively small as compared with the
total production, is likely to force
the selling price received by the
farmer lower than the cost of pro-
duction. Florida farmers have had
disastrous experiences because there
were too many oranges, potatoes, cab-
bages and hogs grown in the United
States and at the same time and at
other times progress has been re-
tarded because Florida farmers did
not produce enough of these prod-
ucts, and there is as a consequence
a need for stabilization of agricul-
ture that has a common purpose and
will apply alike to agriculture in all
Successful efforts of the Extension
Service that have been in operation
since 1914 are largely due to the con-
tact that county and home agents
make with the farming people, the
home, the farm and the community.
No other agency of any government
has so effectively made such direct
contact. There is no other govern-
mental agency established in any
state that has this direct contact with
A. P. Spencer
A. P. SPENCER
The Federal Farm Board is pri-
marily interested in marketing. Suc-
cessful marketing of farm products
will depend on the amount produced
and the quality of the products. The
Extension Service through this con-
tact with farmers is using all avail-
able efforts to prevent surpluses, to
assist farmers in grading and stand-
ardizing their products and will en-
courage the organization of pro-
ducers into effective associations or
corporations under their control for
a greater unity in marketing. The
agricultural extension service will
guide producers in matters of agri-
cultural credit. The Federal Farm
Board has announced its policy that
it cannot deal directly with individual
farmers in any way. That would be
impractical. It therefore becomes
necessary that farmers must become
members of local or regional co-
operative marketing associations that
are organized according to the pro-
visions of the Capper-Volstead Act
First, that members and stockhold-
ers shall be agricultural producers.
Second, that the association shall
be operated for the mutual benefit of
Third, the associations shall be en-
gaged in interstate commerce-and
there are other requirements of equal
importance specified in this act. It
is therefore clearly evident that be-
fore farmers can participate in the
benefits of the Federal Farm Board,
there must be a clear and intelligent
understanding by the producers of
the products and the requirements
necessary to participate. Therefore,
educational work is necessary to pro-
mote cooperation in organizations,
finances, production and marketing,
according to the Federal Marketing
Act and requirements of the Farm
Board necessary to successful opera-
tion of the Federal Marketing Act.
Unlike many other states, Florida
has no state-wide farmers cooperat-
ive organizations, such as the Fed-
eral Farm Board or the Grange, al-
though efforts have been made for
such an organization. There are,
however, many local and regional
commodity cooperative associations
organized according to definite plans
and for definite purposes. Some of
them handle as much as one thousand
cars of produce each year, others one
hundred to two hundred cars, and
still others have less produce to han-
dle. Consequently the requirements
of these organizations have been dif-
ferent according to quantity of the
Before these cooperatives can se-
cure credit or loans for their opera-
tions as approved by the Federal
Farm Board they will be required to
pool their interests and adjust minor
differences between themselves and
comply with the Capper-Volstead Act.
The Agricultural Extension Serv-
ice will by educational methods pro-
mote unity of effort between existing
cooperatives in order that they might
(Continued on Page 10)
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
South Florida Fair and Gasparilla Carnival
Tampa, February 3-14
Tampa will be host to visitors from
every state in the Union and from
Canada. Foreign nations, too, will
be represented, both in attendance
and exhibits. Fair officials are en-
thusiastic over the prospect for a
record-breaking event, in attendance
as well as in the number and variety
of exhibits and entertainment feat-
Beautiful county exhibits, repre-
senting every section of the state, and
more numerous than ever before, will
be the backbone of the great indus-
trial and citrus show. Added to these
will be a score of community, civic,
and private displays that are ex-
pected to pack the exhibition build-
ings to capacity with interested ob-
Holland, Italy, Germany, and Spain
Italy, first foreign exhibitor to re-
serve space, will occupy an entire
building, displaying industrial arts,
agriculture and handcraft products.
Holland, Spain, and Germany will
make similar displays, but will oc-
cupy quarters in one of the largest
Manufacturers from these nations
will contribute many products to
augment the government exhibits.
Works of art as well as industrial and
agricultural displays will be shown.
More than 2,000 Italian merchants,
including manufacturers of airplanes
and automobiles, will participate in
the national exhibit of that country.
Two years ago the Italian govern-
ment reserved one floor of the Wall
exhibition hall for a display; for 1931
two entire floors have been reserved,
and additional space is necessary to
house the airplanes and automobiles
Commercial displays are to be
quartered on the second floor of the
Italian pavilion, while the ground
floor will be given to sculpture and
paintings by world-famous Latin ar-
tists. Terra cotta, ceramics, Murano
glass, marble, Venetian furniture
and antiques, corals, laces, linens,
leather and tortoise work, and fa-
mous wood work from Sorrento, will
Tampa To Have New Saloon
Directly across the street from a
church, a saloon is nearing comple-
tion in Tampa!
Reproducing the village of Edam,
Holland, the Dutch builders have
followed the original plans of the
quaint city, and in flagrant disre-
gard for prohibition laws, have built
an exact likeness of a real Nether-
lands dispensary of their famous
W. Travis Lofton, '31
However, only refreshments that
have Mr. Volstead's approval will be
offered for sale over this bar. Klass
Dursma, designer and builder, re-
jected the generous offer of Dutch
distillers to stock the barroom with
Tapestries from the Royal palace,
with art and antique treasures as-
sembled for the World's fair, will be
the outstanding feature of Spain's
exhibits at the South Florida fair.
Products and industries will also be
shown, for this country has 3,000
square feet of space reserved for its
Revision of Competition
The increased number of exhibitors
for the coming exposition has made
necessary an added classification,
General Manager P. T. Streider an-
There will be one competition for
Who owes you and whom do you
owe were the first kind of accounts
that man ever learned. Such ac-
counts are necessary whenever busi-
ness is done on credit. It eliminates
errors and quarrels between those
doing business. This kind of ac-
counting is usually termed book-
Men have now extended the uses
of accounting beyond the mere re-
cording of debits and credits. Care-
ful cost accounting and other records
of the internal affairs of the busi-
ness are beginning to be used. If
these cost account records are kept
and then put aside at the end of the
year, it will avail the farmer nothing
to keep them. It is when the record
is completed that it becomes impor-
Bookkeeping and cost accounting
are entirely different. Nearly any
person that is accurate with figures
can become a bookkeeper, but not
everyone can keep cost accounts. It
could be said that bookkeeping is an
exact science, but keeping cost ac-
counts involves many estimates. A
farmer in order to keep a correct
cost account must have a thorough
knowledge of his business and have
good judgment. The estimates must
be as true as possible.
municipalities, another for commu-
nities of Hillsborough county, and a
third for communities from other
sections. The general county ex-
hibit competitions will continue as
in the past.
National Swiss Mondaine Pigeon As-
During the South Florida Fair,
Tampa will also be host to the mem-
bers of the National Swiss Mondaine
Pigeon Association, holding their an-
nual convention there. All sections
of America will be represented by
pigeon fanciers, with hundreds of
The annual pigeon show held by
the fair association will be supple-
mented by this display of prize birds.
Besides the cash prizes offered by the
fair, the pigeon association will
make many awards.
Florida poultry raisers may have
the novel experience of listening to
a hen tell them how eggs are pro-
duced, when the giant seven-foot hen,
(Continued on Page 13)
Records should be written in the
cost account book each day. Noth-
ing, in this manner, is forgotten, and
at the end of the year the farmer is
sure that he has before him the true
state of his business. It may be
thought that making entries in the
cost account book takes more time
than it is worth, but on the average
it should not take more than from
five to ten minutes each day. At the
end of the year it will take somewhat
longer to close the accounts, but by
then most of the farm work is done
and time is plentiful.
The farmer should study his cost
account records carefully and by
their use he can see the mistakes
that he made during the past year
and profit by them the following
year. In other words, the cost ac-
counts should teach the farmer how
to conduct his farm more efficiently
If one does not desire to keep a
full set of cost accounts, records may
be kept of the most important enter-
prses on the farm, each one inde-
pendently. This method is all right
for finding out exactly how profitable
or unprofitable the crop had been,
but it does not give a complete study
of the business.
Farm Accounts Discussed
M. A. Boudet, '32
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
Cultivation and Collection of Medicinal
Plants in Florida
Collection of crude drugs growing
wild in Florida has for some time
been a source of interest, as well as
income, to a few of Florida's farm-
ers. However, cultivation of drug
plants, properly carried out, offers
even greater possibilities, that are
well worth the investigation of the
Cultivation of medicinal plants is
not an occupation to be entered upon
lightly without first gaining consid-
erable information of the subject.
For in this, as in other branches of
agriculture, the particular type of
soil desired, the part of the plant
used, a knowledge of the market,
etc., is information without which
failure would be likely to follow.
However, such information is read-
ily obtainable through bulletins of
the Departments of Agriculture of
Florida, and of the United States.
Some of the drug plants growing
wild in Florida which may be col-
lected and disposed of to good ad-
vantage are listed as follows: Pleurisy
Root (Asclepias, Orange Milk Weed
Root), Wild Indigo (Baptisia), Wild
Yam Root (Dioscorea), Button
Snakeroot (Eryngium), Yellow Jas-
mine, (Gelsemium), Blue Flag (Iris
Versicolor), Pokeweed (Phytolacca),
Queen's Root (Stillingia), Jimson
Weed (Stramonium), Deer Tongue
(Vanilla Leaf), Boneset (Eupatori-
um), Dogwood Bark (Cornus), Bay-
berry Bark (Wax-Myrtle Bark),
Prickly-Ash Bark (Toothache Bark,
Xanthoxylum), Sweet Gum (Storax),
Saw Palmetto Berries, Pawpaw, and
Elder Flowers. Information con-
cerning the identification, gathering,
curing, shipping, etc., of these plants
may be found in the bulletins listed
at the end of this article.
The plants receiving the most at-
tention from the standpoint of collec-
tion are Saw Palmetto Berries,
Queen's Root, Deer Tongue, Water
Eryngo, and quite recently, Sweet
It is only recently that conditions
have become such as to encourage the
cultivation of some drug plants in
the United States. In previous years
the cheap labor of foreign countries
together with the collection of the
then more common wild drugs have
made impractical the cultivation of
such plants in view of the returns
per acre as compared to other crops.
Some plants seem now to offer
possibilities as money-makers. Horse-
Mint (Monarda Punctata) is found
growing wild in Florida and since it
thrives on poor sandy soil it might
be used to utilize such land as was
hitherto of little use to the farmer.
Arnold D. Welch
Letters written in to the
University requesting informa-
tion concerning the collection
of drug plants for profit, show
that an increased interest is be-
ing shown in this work. Many
points of practical application
will be found in this article,
which has been prepared with
considerable care and study on
the part of the author.
From this plant is obtained the im-
portant drug thymol, used in the
treatment of hookworm. Another
drug, which also happens to be used
in hookworm treatment, is Oil of
Chenopodium, obtained from Ameri-
can Wormseed, which also grows on
poor, sandy soil, again offering possi-
bilities for waste land. In both of
the above, a still, by means of which
to obtain the ol, would be a primary
expense to be incurred.
There has recently been some dis-
cussion as to the possibilities of cul-
tivation of Ginseng, or Chinese Man-
Root, in Florida. Investigations by
the Medicinal Plant Garden at the
The women who were outstanding
in improving their homes during 1930
have recently been announced as
winners in the home improvement
contest among senior home demon-
stration club members in the State,
according to Miss Virginia P. Moore,
specialist in home improvement.
The winners in kitchen improve-
ment were Mrs. J. C. Cremer and
Mrs. O. C. Brandstatter, Hillsborough
Awards for the best living room
went to Mrs. George Williamson,
Hillsborough County, and Mrs. Della
Carter, Holmes County.
In dining room improvements, Mrs.
Lamb Worthington, Hillsborough
County, and Mrs. Mabel Simonson,
Palm Beach County, were the win-
Winners in the general bedroom
class were Mrs. J. A. Pelham and
Mrs. L. E. Miller, Holmes County.
Prizes for the most sanitary homes
went to Mrs. J. W. Beville, Alachua
County, and Mrs. H. Constance, Or-
University of Florida indicate that
climatic and soil conditions of this
state are probably not conducive to
the successful cultivation of this
The Jerusalem Artichoke (not the
table artichoke), interesting as a
source of levulose, may undoubtedly
be grown for profit in Florida. Con-
cerning the use of levulose, it has
been prophesied that within the next
few years this sugar will largely re-
place cane-sugar (sucrose) on the
home tables as a sweetening agent.
It is much sweeter than cane-sugar
and yields more energy per pound.
Sweet Gum Profitable
There is now an excellent market
and a good price for Sweet Gum, a
balsam obtained from the Sweet Gum
or Storax Tree (Liquidambar styrac-
iflua). This tree is very, very com-
mon in Florida and offers an oppor-
tunity to every one. The secretion,
obtained by wounding the tree, is
used for medicinal purposes as well
as in the industries. The trees are
tapped early in the spring before the
sap begins to rise. An excellent price
is being offered at this time, with
buyers paying transportation charges.
For more information see Bulletin 45,
listed at end of article.
Ginger, spearmint, fennel, stramo-
(Continued on Page 7)
The outstanding ones in exterior
beautifications were Mrs. J. E.
Maines, Union County, and Mrs. C.
B. Duke, Holmes County.
Those planning the best new houses
were Mrs. Delia Mears, Holmes Coun-
ty, and Mrs. Fred M. Link, Dade
For remodeling old homes, Mrs.
Mary S. Murphy, Dade County, and
Mrs. J. E. White, Pinellas County,
were given presents.
In the special bathroom class Mrs.
A. E. Lee and Mrs. Frank Roach, Or-
ange County, were winners.
Long-time improvement awards
went to Mrs. Nathan Williamson,
Palm Beach County, and Mrs. Gladys
Balkon, Holmes County.
A special thrift award went to
Mrs. R. M. Fancher, Palm Beach
County, and one for influence on the
community to Mr. and Mrs. A. C.
Crosby, Hillsborough County.
Today well lived makes every
yesterday a dream of happiness and
every tomorrow a vision of hope.
Club Women Given State Awards
for Home Improvement
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
The Florida College Farmer
Published by the Agricultural Club
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
WILLARD M. FIFIELD - Editor
J. R. GREENMAN - Business Manager
WILLIAM T. DUNN Circulation Manager
W. Travis Lofton - Managing Editor
Adelaide Muller - Copy Editor
R. L. Brooks - - Exchange
F. W. Barber - 4-H Clubs
W. F. Mitchell - Extension
R. S. Edsall - Horticulture
M. A. Boudet Agricultural Economics
J. A. McClellan, Jr. - Poultry
W. J. Platt - Animal Husbandry
R. D. Gill - Organizations
S. W. Wells Associate Business Manager
A. P. Evans Associate Business Manager
T. J. Jones Assistant Circulation Manager
C. D. Finney Assistant Circulation Manager
J. S. McColskey - Advertising Manager
Clarke Dolive - Treasurer
C. D. Newbern Assistant Business Manager
G. F. Bauer C. Herminghaus J. A. Chamberlain
FACULTY ADVISORY COMMITTEE
C. H. Willoughby, Chairman
W. L. Lowry R. M. Fulghum
PUBLISHED MONTHLY DURING THE SCHOOL YEAR
Subscription One Dollar
Application filed for entry as second-class matter
at the postofice at Gainesville, Florida.
VOLUME 2 JANUARY, 1931 NUMBER 3
There is a need in our college curriculum for
a required course in agricultural writing.
Large numbers of our graduates are being
called upon more and more to prepare articles
for all manner of publication. Radio, too, has
increased tremendously the demand for articles
of this nature.
The sad part of the situation is that the great
majority of our graduates are not prepared for
this demand. They have spent four or more
years in college accumulating scientific facts so
that they will be of greater use to themselves
and to their fellow men. Until they are intel-
ligently trained in the art of interpreting these
facts to others, however, their years of prepa-
ration may have fallen short of the term "edu-
The argument has been advanced that agri-
cultural students are not supposed to be good
writers. It seems that any boy who can master
the present four-year agricultural course could
surely learn to write intelligently.
Examination papers, notebooks and theme pa-
pers, however, clearly emphasize to members
of the faculty that the students have not learned
to express themselves with clarity in writing.
Another astounding fact is that seniors do
not seem to use any better English than do the
freshmen. This can be explained when we con-
sider that three and four years in the dormi-
tories, mess halls and fraternity houses does
not tend to encourage use of good English, es-
pecially when the students are getting no fur-
ther special training in the classroom.
The course in agricultural writing should be
required, because that is the only way that it
will be effective. The students will then write
because they must, and do it under guided and
This course should be given either in the
junior or senior year, because not until then
does the average student begin to realize that
the ability to write intelligently will be a de-
cided help to him in his work.
Being able to write well improves one's abil-
ity to get "at" people. A good writer will be
listened to with more care and respect than a
person whose name has never circulated in
If trends in agriculture change, the agricul-
tural college should arrange its curriculum so
as to provide for this change. If farmers show
the tendency to read more, agricultural leaders
should learn to write more effectively.
Another Step Forward
With this issue we initiate our department of
Extension News. At the present time there is no
other monthly publication in Florida that brings
such news to the county and home demonstra-
tion workers in the state direct from the Agri-
cultural Extension Service at Gainesville. Frank
Mitchell, a senior in the Agricultural College,
will edit the page each month, cooperating with
Mr. A. P. Spencer and other officials of the ex-
Are You Discouraged?
When Abraham Lincoln was a young man he
ran for the legislature in Illinois, and was badly
swamped. He next entered business, failed, and
spent seventeen years of his life paying up the
debts of a worthless partner. He was in love
with a beautiful young woman, to whom he be-
came engaged-then she died. Later he mar-
ried a woman who was a constant burden to
him. He then tried to get an appointment to
the United States land office, but failed. Enter-
ing politics again, he ran for congress, and was
badly defeated. He became a candidate for the
United States senate, and was badly defeated.
In 1856 he became a candidate for the vice-
presidency and was again defeated. In 1858 he
was defeated by Douglas. One failure after an-
other-bad failures-great setbacks. In the
face of all this he eventually became one of the
country's greatest men, if not the greatest.
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
Watermelons are grown commer-
cially in about half the counties of
the state. The counties of Alachua,
Lake, Levy, Marion, Polk, Sumter,
Columbia, Gilchrist, Suwannee and
Washington produce the bulk of the
The best melons are grown on the
more fertile rolling pine lands. Most
of the soils upon which melons are
grown belong to the Norfolk series,
of the loamy type. The Orangeburg,
Greenville, Tifton and Hoffman series
make very good melon land, but these
types are limited in area. Such soils
are naturally well drained, a requisite
to a good melon soil.
Soil Preparation and Planting
The ground should be prepared a
month or six weeks in advance of
planting time, since plowing and disc-
ing have a tendency to dry out the
surface to a point where germination
may be retarded or inhibited.
Planting of watermelons usually
begins the last of December and the
first part of January in the southern
counties. In Marion, Levy, Gilchrist
and Alachua, seeding is usually be-
gun about the first week in February,
and in West Florida from two weeks
to a month later.
The ground is usually laid off in
check rows, 8x8, or 10x10 feet. It
is desirable to allow about one pound
of seed per acre so as to admit of a
succession of plantings at weekly or
ten-day intervals. This usually in-
sures a stand against cold, cutworms,
birds and other agencies. Allow two
plants per hill at the time they are
Fertilization and Cultivation
The most successful growers use
from 800 to 1,200 pounds of a com-
plete fertilizer per acre, analyzing
about 5 per cent ammonia, 8 per cent
phosphoric acid and 5 per cent pot-
ash. It is desirable to have about
half the nitrogen from some organic
source to prevent too rapid leaching.
The fertilizer should be applied from
10 days to two weeks prior to plant-
ing. In case growth is retarded, it
may be desirable to apply a side
dressing of nitrate of soda or sulfate
of ammonia at the rate of 75 to 100
pounds per acre. This should not be
applied after the vines begin to run
well, since the quality of the melons
may be adversely affected.
Cultivate frequently enough to
prevent weeds and grasses from be-
coming established. Where the
ground is prepared in advance as rec-
ommended, one or two harrowing
may be necessary prior to planting.
This should destroy most of the weeds
and grass, making subsequent culti-
vation less essential.
In some areas a strip of rye or
other similar crop is sowed at inter-
vals of every third row prior to the
time of planting. These strips act
as windbreaks and prevent much
damage from cold winds and from
The market demands large melons.
Premiums are paid for those weigh-
ing from 35 to 40 pounds. It is im-
possible to produce melons of this
size in Florida unless rigorous prun-
ing is practised. Where two vines
are allowed per hill, only one melon
should be left on each vine. With a
perfect stand this should produce
870 melons per acre, where the spac-
ing is 10x10 feet. With an 8x8 spac-
ing the number would theoretically
be 1,360. As a general rule, it re-
quires about three acres to produce
a carload of large melons. In order
to ship in carload quantities, at least
10 acres should be planted.
Diseases and Insects
There is good evidence to show
that seed treatment pays large divi-
dends so far as watermelons are con-
cerned. The treatment recommend-
ed is a soaking for 20 minutes in a
mercury bichloride solution, 1-1000
(See Fla. Exp. Sta. Press Bul. 377).
Anthracnose, wilt and gummy-stem
blight are the chief diseases, while
aphids or plant lice among the insects
give the most serious trouble.
Harvesting and Loading
Green melons are poor advertise-
ments and there are too many such
melons loaded. Often this trouble is
augmented by a considerable per-
centage of melons affected with
"white heart." Much care should be
exercised in securing good seed, and
then equally great care should be
M. R. Ensign
Truck Horticulturist, Florida Agricultural Experiment Station
A complete stock of
Root's Bee Supplies.
- Conkey's feeds and
remedies. A full line
Sof everything neces-
sary to raise Poultry
in the back yard or
on the farm.
00 Write for information
Josep Bumby Hardware Co., ORLANDO FLORIDA
Josep uuwy uauwar
followed in selecting the melons for
There is a larger percentage of
claims paid by railroad companies for
melon shipments than any other per-
ishable. This seems to indicate that
carelessness in handling and poor
loading may contribute to this loss.
Varieties that are resistant to bruis-
ing and cracking should be selected
for planting. The Tom Watson has
this quality to recommend it for
commercial plantings, and the Thur-
mond Gray is also a good shipper.
(Continued from Page 5)
nium, colocynth and coriander are
other drug plants which it has been
suggested might be profitably culti-
vated in Florida.
Where to Sell
Following is a list of a few of the
crude drug dealers of the South. Al-
though this list is far from complete,
enough firms are listed to enable col-
lectors to find a regular and reliable
market. The dealers listed herewith
are classified as to the kind of drugs
All Crude Drugs
Peninsular Crude Drug Co., Box
537, Jacksonville, Florida.
S. B. Penick & Co., Drug Collec-
tion Depot, Asheville, N. C.
The Florida botanical Drug Co.,
1010 Bisbee Bldg, Jacksonville, Flor-
The "Lahomach" Seed Co., 120 St.
George St., St. Augustine, Florida.
Deer Tongue Leaves
M. F. Neal & Co., Richmond, Vir-
E. K. Victor Co., P. O. Box 555,
The Meht & Daniel Corp., 99 John
St., New York City.
Saw Palmetto Berries
R. C. Burns, Canaveral, Florida.
Sweet Gum Balsam
M. F. Neal & Co., Richmond, Vir-
Chas. W. Jacobs & Allison, 162
Water St., New York City.
(Continued on Page 12)
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
Ornamental Trees of Florida
Assistant Horticulturist, Agricultural Experiment Station
The following trees are suitable
for planting in the north central and
northern sections of the state. The
deciduous sorts are marked with the
letter D in parenthesis; evergreens
by the letter E. Figures represent
the maximum height usually attained.
Dwarf European Fan Palm (Chamae-
Canary Island Date Palm (Phoenix
India Date Palm (Phoenix sylves-
Dwarf, Needle Palm (Rhapidophyllum
Cabbage Palmetto (Sabal palmetto).
Windmill Palm (Trachycarpus excel-
Washington Fan Palm (Washingtonia
American Arborvitae (Thuja occi-
dentalis), 50 ft.
Chinese Fir (Cunninghamia lanceo-
lata), 75 ft.
Cypress Pine (Callitris robusta), 75
Deodar Cedar (Cedrus deodara), 100
Italian Cypress (Cupressus semper-
virens), 75 ft.
Juniper (Juniperus communis), 35 ft.
Maidenhair Tree (Ginkgo biloba), 75
Oriental Arborvitae (Thuja orien-
talis), 20-25 ft.
Portuguese Cypress (Cupressus lusi-
tanica), 40 ft.
Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana), 75
White Cedar (Chamaecyparis thyo-
ides, 60 ft.
Bay-Loblolly (Gordonia lasianthus)
(E), 50 ft.
Bay-Sweet or Red (Tamala Bor-
bonia) (E), 30 ft.
Cherry Laurel (Laurocerasus caro
liniana) (E), 35 ft.
Chinaberry (Melia azedarach) (D),
Camphor (Cinnamomum camphora)
(E), 35 ft.
Elm (Ulmus americana) (D), 75 ft.
(alata and pumila).
Hickory (Hicoria alba and glabra)
(D), 75-125 ft.
Holly (Ilex opaca) (E).
Magnolia (M. grandiflora) (E), 100
Oak-Live (Q. virginiana) (E), 100
Oak-Water (Q. nigra) (E), 75 ft.
Oak-Laurel (Q. laurifolia) (E), 100
Oak-Willow (Q. phellos) (D).
Pecan (D), 125 ft.
Pistache (Pistacia chinensis) (D),
Red Maple (Acer rubrum) (D), 75 ft.
Redbud (Cercis canadensis) (D), 30
Sweet Gum (Liquidambar styraciflua)
(D), 100 ft.
Those following, in addition to
most of the above, may be planted in
the area south of a line drawn across
the peninsula from Citrus to Volusia
Australian Pine (Casuarina equiseti-
folia and lepidophloia).
Australian Silk Oak (Grevillea ro-
Camphor (Cinnamomum camphora).
Coral-Bean Tree (Erythrina Peoppi-
Cassia-Bark Tree (Cinnamomum cas-
Cedar-Red (Juniperus virginiana).
Cajeput or Punk Tree (Melaleuca
Fir, Chinese (Cunninghamia lanceo-
Jerusalem Thorn (Parkinsonia acu-
(Continued on Page 9)
The Mark of
Nearly fifty years of ex-
perience with Tropical
and Semi-Tropical Horti-
culture is constantly at
Royal Palm Nurseries
(%) (%) (%)
trogen Equivalent Acid
15 18.2 30
16!/2 20 16/2
15 /2 18.8 15/2
15 18.2 11
10 12.1 20
10 12.1 20
16 19.4 16
34% Nitrogen, equal to 41.3% 15% Nitrogen, equal to 18.2%
Ammonia. 1/5 in nitrate form Ammonia. Nitrate Nitrogen
and 4/5 in organic form combined with Calcium
For Top and Side Dressing
Jackson Grain Company
"Working for Better Agriculture"
For Better Crops at Lower Costs
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
OVER the STATE WITH EXTENSION WORKERS
During the past month home dem-
onstration agents have been espe-
cially busy helping club members
sell their produce. Some have es-
tablished shops and in this way have
been able to sell many things.
Meetings and rallies have held the
attention of a large number of clubs
and the attendance has been good,
considering tl4e inclement weather
quite general over the state this past
County agents have assisted with
a large number of turkey and chicken
sales. Quite a few of them have
been kept busy with hog vaccination.
Timmons Appointed Extension Econ-
Mr. D. E. Timmons has just been
appointed Extension Economist in
Marketing with the Florida Extension
Service. Mr. Timmons received his
M. S. A. degree from the University
of Florida in 1927, and since that
time, except for a year's leave of ab-
sence to pursue graduate study at
Cornell University, has been instruc-
tor in farm records and accounts at
this school. He will take up the new
position February 1st.
New County Agents Added
Florida county agents now num-
ber 45. N. G. Thomas, a graduate
of Clemson College, with considerable
experience as a farmer, county agent,
and plantation manager, began work
at Live Oak as county agent for
Suwannee County January 1st.
D. M. Treadwell, for three years
Wakulla County Agent, was trans-
ferred to Dixie County December 1st,
and Henry Hudson, graduate from
the University of Florida, and re-
cently with the fruit fly work, later
began work as agent for Wakulla
County. Mr. Treadwell will be lo-
cated at Cross City, and Mr. Hudson
Rural Hints Calendar
A 1931 illustrated calendar has
just been published by the Florida
Agricultural Extension Service, and
a few copies are left for free dis-
tribution to Florida farmers, Dr. Wil-
mon Newell, extension director, has
The calendar is of medium size,
and each page contains the month's
farm hints by College of Agriculture
specialists, as well as pictures de-
picting farm improvement and rural
Farmers desiring one of these cal-
endars should write the Agricultural
Extension Service, Gainesville, Flor-
ida, at once.
General Agents Meet
Florida county agents, extension
district agents, and extension special-
ists have just concluded a series of
meetings at Lakeland, Ft. Pierce, De-
Funiak Springs, and Live Oak in
which plans to meet the farm prob-
lems of the coming year were dis-
Each of the agents brought their
plan of work to these meetings, and
other agents, as well as the district
agents and extension specialists, add-
ed their experiences and opinions in
an effort to reach the best solution to
each particular problem.
Such meetings are held at regular
intervals by the Florida Agricultural
County Agent Louis H. Alsmeyer
took a trip to the lower Rio Grande
valley in Texas recently to study cit-
rus production there. He reports
that in his opinion the growers there
have a high cost of production, not
the least cause of which is high taxes.
Miss Orpha Cole, Home Demon-
stration Agent, reports that one of
her members in the Home Demonstra-
tion Exchange sold $65 worth of
flowers. Another, with poultry en-
tered in the home egg-laying contest,
reported a profit of $104.28 for No-
vember. Another sold 50 pounds of
crystallized fruit in one week. She is
rejoicing over her ability to pay her
family's 2-year paving assessment of
$84 with the earnings on Christmas
sweets. Twenty-one wreaths were
sold by another member for a tidy
Miss Angus Green was among the
winners in the recent National Can-
ning Contest, where 25,000 jars were
entered from all over the United
States. Her entry was a jar of
Indian River County
The annual Beautification Day was
held recently in Vero Beach, accord-
ing to W. E. Evans, County Agent.
This was the third annual day that
citizens have assembled to continue
the planting program as outlined by
the committee. A holiday was de-
clared and some 200 men assembled
for the day's work. At this time $450
was collected to purchase materials
and help pay the expense of the
planting upkeep for the coming year.
The effects of the community en-
deavor is being evidenced in the im-
proved appearance of a large number
About nine acres of cucumbers
were recently planted at Stuart and
are now being grown under shade
cloth, according to C. P. Heuck,
About 400 packages of aster seed
have recently been given to Dade
County home demonstration women
who are preparing for the annual
Aster Show to be given later on in
(Continued from Page 8)
Lawson Cypress (Cupressus lawsoni-
Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica).
Monkey-Puzzle Tree (Araucaria im-
Norfolk Island Pine (Araucaria ex-
Olive (Olea europaea).
Pongam (Pongamia pinnata).
Papaw (Carica papaya).
Queensland Nut (Macadamia terni-
Royal Poinciana (Poinciana regia).
Woman's Tongue Tree (Albizzia leb-
Yew Podocarpus (Podocarpus macro-
Yellow Elder (Tecoma stans).
Cumberland and Liberty Mills Co.
Flour, Grits, Meal, Beans, Peas, Rice, Sugar, Cotton Seed
Meal and Hulls, Corn, Oats, Hay and Feed of All Kinds
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
LIKE the seal on a bond or the signature on a
check, V-C's name on a fertilizer bag means
"Good." V-C fertilizers pay face value in full.
Demand high face value, high analysis-and in
a V-C bag you get rich, concentrated plant foods,
the very best that economy and experience ad-
vise. In all V-C fertilizers, whether low analysis
or high, honest values are blended most carefully
and every value is there.
A name-Virginia-Carolina Chemical Corpora-
tion. But what a good old name! No wonder you
welcome it on a V-C bag, for you know that name
is inside too.
V rginia -C arolina Chemical Corp.,
Factories and branch offices at convenient points
Ask V- C's Service Bureau at Richmond forfree ad-
vice or help on any problem of soil management.
McCormick Deering Tractors
Farm Operating Equipment
International Harvester Company
435 E. BAY ST. JACKSONVILLE, FLA
Federal Farm Board and Agricul-
(Continued from Page 3)
receive the benefits of the Federal
The Federal Farm Board has been
in actual operation since July 15,
1929. It had no precedent to guide
its operations, as far as the act in it-
self designates, but having to do with
economics in agriculture it was given
authority to take over any offices of
the department fo agriculture, in-
cluding data, personnel, unused ap-
propriations, etc. Immediately after
its organization the department of
cooperative marketing of the Bureau
of Economics was taken over by the
Florida has 25 or more cooperative
organizations marketing principally
vegetables. These cooperatives han-
dle between 15 and 25 per cent of the
Florida commercial vegetable crop.
The vegetable industry of Florida is
one of our largest, with approximate
value of thirty million annually.
This huge and basic industry of Flor-
ida is carried on each year largely on
borrowed capital. The speculative
features of the vegetable industry
have handicapped large and small co-
operatives alike, as well as uncertain
returns due to lack of standardiza-
tion in marketing, over-production,
improper distribution and competi-
tion among growers.
Extension Service Assists
The agricultural extension through
the county agents and specialist staff
will sponsor the requirements of the
Federal Farm Board specifications to
help organize marketing associations.
It will assist in adequate packing and
storage facilities, give support to
farmers organizations and others to
establish crop production and secure
finances through the Intermediate
There is no effort on the part of
the Federal government or state gov-
ernment to take over the operation
or demand that farmers join coopera-
tive associations but the Federal
Farm Board has made it clear that
its purpose is to render service in an
organzied way, to relieve the existing
uncertain agricultural condition and
if the groups of farms can organize
themselves and desire the assistance
that the law contemplates, the Farm
Board and the Extension Service are
waiting to give such assistance.
Alpha Zeta Initiates Four
Selected for qualities of leadership
as well as for the highest scholastic
standing, four men were added this
year to the membership of Alpha
Zeta, national agricultural fraternity.
From the junior class: M. A. Boudet,
S J. C. Cox, Jr., J. R. Greenman, Ralph
Ramsey; from the senior class: Frank
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
4-H CLUB NEWS
The New 4-H Club.
Four-H club work is a nation-wide
organized effort to improve farm and
home life through the efforts and by
the aid of the girls and boys now liv-
ing on the farm.
The motto is "To make the best
better." In order to make this more
of a reality than ever before, and to
take strides towards more efficient
and better club work, the "standard"
4-H club has been formed.
To make organizations uniform
there has been established a standard
to which each local club must con-
form before it can be given a char-
ter. These requirements govern the
rating of all local clubs in Florida:
1. A membership of five or more.
2. An adult local leader.
3. A club organization with a con-
4. A carefully worked out program
for the year.
When these four requirements
have been met the club becomes a
"standard" club, entitled to a club
charter signed by the Secretary of
Agriculture, the State Director of
Extension, and the State Boys' Club
A Gold Seal Club
When a standard 4-H club has
completed a year's work and can
meet the following additional re-
quirements, it will be given a gold
seal to attach to its charter.
5. Six or more regular business
meetings during the year, with min-
utes in the secretary's book.
6. Every member enrolled carry-
ing on one or more club projects.
7. Four social meetings held dur-
ing the year.
8. A project leader for every proj-
ect with four or more members.
9. Seventy-five per cent or more
of members completing their work,
with record books and exhibits at
The Royal Purple Club
In ancient times purple was consid-
ered the badge of royalty. To re-
ward royal endeavor and success, a
purple seal will be given to local clubs
fulfilling the following requirements:
1. Every boy of club age in the
area covered by the club, a member.
2. Every member carrying at least
3. Every project leader making a
complete report of the project of
which he is leader.
4. Every member reporting on his
project or projects.
5. Every member making an ex-
hibit at county contest.
6. Every member attending coun-
7. Club holding six business and
four social meetings during the year.
8. Each project group putting on a
9. Local leader attending one lead-
ership training school if one is held
in his county.
10. Club represented at rally and
camp if these are held.
This article was prepared from the
circular, "How to Organize and Con-
duct a Boys' 4-H Club," by R. W.
Blacklock, state boys' club agent.
Many more helpful facts will be
found in this circular. A copy may
be secured from any county agent.
Here is the chance for one hun-
dred girls and boys to get a good
start in college!
This year the International Har-
vester Company will award one hun-
dred scholarships, valued at $500.00
each, to outstanding 4-H club mem-
bers. This is the largest single award
ever made. It will give 4-H club
work another husky boost towards
success and a chance to "make the
State-Wide 4-H News
Now is the time of year when girls
and boys are starting to enroll in
club work, and to make project plans
for the actual work of the coming
year. In a few weeks, spring will be
here, and plans must be made now so
that everything will progress smooth-
ly at the proper time.
On February 16, the club boys of
Union county, under the direction of
their county agent, Mr. L. T. Dyer,
will broadcast over WRUF a pro-
gram consisting of songs, talks, and
special stories. Club workers through-
out the state may tune in and listen
to what fellow members are doing in
Over $600.00 in prizes will be given
to 4-H club cotton and corn exhib-
itors at the South Florida Fair in
Tampa, February 3-14. Forty-five
prizes, totaling $388.00, are offered
for corn exhibits, while the cotton
show lists 65 premiums, with a cash
value of $230.00. Pig club boys may
also compete for valuable prizes at
The state 4-H club poultry show
will be held at the Volusia county
fair, in DeLand, February 17-21.
Cash prizes and ribbons will be
awarded to exhibitors and to win-
ners of poultry judging contests.
Teams of three members each, as well
as individuals, will enter the judging
contests. The grand prize will be a.
trip to the National Poultry Show, to
be held in either New York of Chi-
cago. However, this trip will be
awarded only if four counties com-
The National Recreational and
Playground Association of America
is lending four of its best men to the
U. S. D. A. to assist in training rural
boys and girls in recreational work.
There has long been a need for rec-
reational leadership in connection
with the other training furnished by
4-H clubs. The ability to participate
in, and later to direct, many types of
games is an asset to any leader, and
the principal purpose of 4-H club
work is to train for leadership.
Four schools of four days each, to
be taught by John Bradford, will be
held at central points in Florida,
March 3-27. The work will be pro-
gressive, introducing some new phase
of recreational leadership each year.
It cannot be emphasized too strongly
that every club member should at-
tend if possible.
The National Meat Animal
Livestock Project Contest
Mr. Thomas E. Wilson, of the Wil-
son Packing Company, is greatly in-
terested in agriculture and animal
husbandry, and to foster these proj-
ects in 4-H club work, has offered
many valuable prizes for 4-H meat
animal projects. Any club member
may compete for these prizes, which
are well worth winning.
A medal of honor will be presented
to each county winner; a $50.00 gold
watch to each state winner; a trip
to the National 4-H Club Congress
at Chicago for each sectional winner;
and three scholarships, of $300, $200,
and $100, to winners of the national
competition. Every member has an
excellent chance to win one of these
awards, if he will only try.
Arthur McNeely, of Marion Coun-
ty, won the state prize of a gold
watch, in 1930, for the best meat
animal project in Florida. He is
much interested in livestock and 4-H
(Continued on Page 12)
THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER
National Meat Project
(Continued from Page 11)
club activities. Following is the
story of his club work:
Arthur joined the club in 1926, at
which time Mr. C. L. Hiatt was coun-
ty agent. He decided upon livestock,
and paid $30.00 for a Poland China
sow with which to start his pig club
This pig was fed a balanced ration
of shorts, tankage, peanut meal, and
minerals, and was oiled twice a
month. When nine months old she
weighed 360 pounds, and won for
Arthur $28.00 in cash and a trip to
the short course. He kept the sow,
and at the proper age bred her to a
good boar. She farrowed twelve pigs,
of which eight lived.
Since that time Arthur has been
making a good profit raising pigs, be-
sides winning several hundred dollars
in prizes and trips to the short course
held in Gainesville each year.
Arthur says he would never have
done the work that he has if it had
not been for the 4-H club. He is
planning to attend the University of
Florida, later, and take an agricul-
Now in Operation at
An $18,000 refrigeration plant has
just been installed at the Florida Ex-
periment Station here, and is now in
operation. The plant, containing six
storage rooms and two rooms for
freezing, has modern equipment, is
automatically controlled, and is un-
der the direction of Dr. A. F. Camp,
The storage rooms are now running
at 28, 34, 40, 46, 52, and 59 degrees
Fahrenheit, respectively. Studies on
holding Satsumas and avocados have
already begun. Round oranges,
grapefruit, and papayas will be added
soon. Studies on the best types of
wrappers will be started at once, and
other projects will be added from
time to time.
The freezing rooms are equipped
for zero and 15 degrees below, but
can be carried to quick freezing tem-
peratures. Fruit juices, pulps, and
other products will be frozen.
Last March 87 DeSoto County
farmers, accompanied by County
Agent J. J. Heard, made a tour of
Manatee and Hillsborough counties
where Crotalaria was proving valu-
able as a cover crop in citrus groves
and vegetable fields. These farmers
were so greatly impressed with this
summer legume that every member
of the party has either planted Crota-
laria or ordered seed to plant next
(Continued from Page 7)
To those who are interested in drug
collection or cultivation it is strongly
recommended that the following bul-
letins be obtained:
From the Florida State Depart-
ment of Agriculture:
Bulletin No. 14. Some Drug Plants
in Florida. By Dr. B. V. Christen-
Bulletin No. 45. Collection of Me-
dicinal Plants in Florida. By Dr. B.
V. Christensen. (Free.)
From the United States Govern-
ment Printing Office:
M. P. No. 77. American Medicinal
Plants of Commercial Importance.
By Dr. A. F. Sievers. (Price 30c.)
Common Sense Required
As quoted from a bulletin by Dr.
B. V. Christensen, Professor of Phar-
macognosy and Pharmachology, and
Director of the Medical Plant Gar-
den of the University of Florida,
who has helped considerably in
the preparation of this article, "Since
the cultivation of medicinal plants is
a new industry, persons who are con-
templating taking up this work should
inform themselves as thoroughly as
possible before beginning it, so that
they may proceed intelligently, and
thus not only be fair to themselves
but to the industry as well. The re-
quirements for success in the busi-
ness of growing medicinal plants are
similar to the requirements for suc-
cess in any other business, namely,
industry, ordinary intelligence, and
plenty of good common sense."
Club Boys Purchase Hogs
Tavares-Six 4-H club boys of the
Cassia Club, near here, recently pur-
chased their club pigs from an out-
standing club boy in Marion County,
according to Clifford Hiatt, Lake
county agent. The pigs will be grown
in partnership with local business
men. The business men paid for the
pigs. The boys will raise them, and
later give the men two small pigs for
Open 4-H Club Room
Fort Myers-A 4-H club room was
recently opened at Bayshore, near
here, and at the opening, club girls
gave three plays before the Parent-
Teachers association, according to
Miss Anna Mae Sikes, home demon-
stration agent. The club room was ar-
ranged in an old class room. The
stage was covered with burlap and
draperies, and blackboards and post-
ers were arranged to portray interest-
ing phases of club work. Club mem-
bers made the shades and curtain,
prepared the stage, and did all the
The present school year marks the
diamond anniversary or the 75th
year since the founding of Pennsyl-
vania State College. The Penn State
Farmer, Ag Club publication of that
institution, with pride and justifica-
tion, tells that the last twenty-five
years of this progress have been par-
alleled with the equally successful
publication, the Penn State Farmer.
The Cornell campus has a new mill-
ion dollar building, that of Plant In-
dustry, to grace its already imposing
layout. The Cornell Countryman la-
ments the fact that this new addition
is accepted without appropriate dedi-
cation ceremony. Even the name is
deemed too simple and unpretentious.
Placidly accepted, except to those
directly concerned, on the Cornell
campus is a further recent addition,
a thirteen thousand dollar calf barn
so constructed as to house fifty-five
The Forestry bulletin board at Cor-
nell had the following very curious
"WANTED-A date for the Dart-
mouth hop and game. A tall, hand-
some young man with dark, curly
hair and blue eyes."
That's all there was-no name, no
address, not even a hint. However, it
was subsequently inscribed with
many male names and telephone
numbers but all with the stipulation
that the tickets be furnished by the
SOUTH DAKOTA STATE
Every institution of higher learn-
ing has its day of days. Incongru-
ous in name but doubtless a great
deal of fun is South Dakota's "Hobo
Day." A mammoth parade of col-
lege elite hoboes and hoboettes
marked part of the celebration of
the 10th annual observance of this
day. The depression of the current
year must have placed a blight upon
the honorable practice of begging
then indulged in.
There is no better capital for any
man than civility.
*HALFTONES- f ".f
PROCESS PLATES RESPESS
IN TWO THREE
AND FOUR ENGRAVING
COLORS COMPANY, rnc.
South Florida Fair
(Continued from Page 4)
exhibited by the U. S. Department of
Agriculture, starts talking at the
South Florida Fair.
Built for the World Poultry Con-
gress in London last summer, this
hen makes her first American ap-
pearance in Tampa, as one of the
many educational features sent by
the Department of Agriculture.
This big hen, mechanically oper-
ated, shows the dissemination of food
through the various organisms of the
body, and graphically illustrates the
egg-laying process. The heart-rep-
resented by a dual valve pump-the
gizzard, the grinding equipment, the
crop, and intestines are shown in op-
eration. While the digestive organs
are visibly functioning, a speaking
device explains the operation, and the
value of various foods. The number
of eggs the mechanical hen produces
is regulated by the food consumed
during the demnostrations.
The Florida branch of the Rhode
Island Red Club of America will hold
its annual convention in conjunction
with the fair. Members will exhibit
more than 200 of their best birds.
A new classification for competitive
displays for growers and packers, add-
ed to the usual exhibits of past years,
has given increased interest to what
the general manager of the fair ex-
pects to be the greatest citrus show
in history. Cash premiums of $500
will be awarded for the most attrac-
tive displays, and much space has al-
ready been reserved by leading pack-
ers and other exhibitors.
More than 200 Pennsylvania farm-
ers will attend the South Florida
Fair, coming on a special Seaboard
train, February 7. After an inspec-
tion tour of the exhibit halls, the vis-
itors will call upon leading agricul-
turists in various sections of the
Phi Sigma Initiates Fourteen
Phi Sigma, national honorary bio-
logical fraternity, initiated fourteen
new members last month. These men
are selected from the junior, senior
and graduate classes, of not only the
College of Agriculture but other col-
leges also. They must, however, have
taken a certain amount of biological
science, and be interested in this
New members are: Russell Carson,
W. E. Devore, R. S. Edsall, Frank
Frazier, J. R. Greenman, Russell
Henderson, E. G. Hume, Granville
Larimore, Bill Lawless, Bill Tugwell,
J. D. Waner, Arnold Welch, R. B.
Wooten, Paul Zimmerman.
Politeness is to do and say the
kindest thing in the kindest way.
The Intelligent Use of
When Buying FERTILIZER
Obtain the Best
On Palma Sola Bay
THE ONLY EXCLUSIVELY
PURE BRED GUERNSEY HERD
We offer at reasonable prices
SPLENDIDLY BRED YOUNG BULLS FROM
HIGH PRODUCING DAMS
Every animal in our herd is negative to blood test for tubercu-
losis and infectious abortion. We are also tick free.
Come Look Us Over
J. A. FROHOCK, Inc., Owners
What of the Future?
SN the near future citrus growers' prob-
lems will be solved, citrus marketing
problems will be solved-they must be-to
a point where the individual grower will
reap a gratifying profit on his monetary and
physical investment. As a matter of abso-
lute truth the Citrus Industry will be
JUST EXACTLY WHAT THE INDI-
VIDUAL GROWERS MAKE IT.
Only three points in the United States-Florida,
California and Texas raise citrus fruits in com-
mercial quantities. This means that the fruit grow-
ers of these states hold a virtual manapoly on citrus
fruit-and properly distributed, the citrus growers
will reap their full measure of profit from this mon-
opoly just as surely as do the shareholders in steel,
oil, or radio or the owner of a patented article for
which there is a popular demand.
So we repeat that the future of the Citrus Industry
will be just what the growers make of it-and it is
our sincere belief that the year 1931 will see much
more made of his opportunities than the grower has
ever made of them before.
LYONS -N L.Z$R@
Tampa BELT Florida
OFFICE Ei PLANT
805 Citrus Exc. Bldg.
35th St. and 4tn Ave.
"QUALITY FERTILIZER FOR QUALITY FRUIT"
Best By Every Test
KILGORE'S BRED-RITE SEEDS are used by thousands of Florida growers
year after year, because they have been found best by every test for Florida conditions.
Grown in the north under our personal supervision and inspection they are especially
bred up, selected and developed for Florida growers. Kilgore's seeds are tested and
proved in Kilgore's Proving Grounds at Plant City, Florida.
For varieties and prices see Kilgore's 1931 catalog which will be mailed on
THE KILGORE SEED COMPANY
Main Office and Mail Order Department-PLANT CITY, FLORIDA
Twelve Kilgore stores
offers the best training for
Florida boys in all lines of
Four year course leading to
B.S. degree, with special-
ization in Horticulture,
Agronomy, Animal Hus-
bandry, Economics, Ento-
mology, Chemistry, Agri-
cultural Engineering and
Only College in Southeast
offering full courses in Cit-
rus and Sub-Tropical Fruit
Culture, and in Landscape
Courses of One Semester,
One Year and Two Years
easily arranged for those
wishing to study technical
Low expenses for board
For catalog and full in-
formation, write postal
Dean or (Secretary)
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA