Title: Florida college farmer
ALL VOLUMES CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075980/00004
 Material Information
Title: Florida college farmer
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30cm.
Language: English
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Gainesville
 Subjects
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Apr. 1930)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1960?
Numbering Peculiarities: Suspended with v. 3, no. 5 (May 1932) and resumed with Dec. 1935 issue. Suspended with v. 9, no. 4 (may 1941) and resumed with New series v. 1 (summer 1948).
General Note: Published by Agricultural students at the University of Fla.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075980
Volume ID: VID00004
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01569450
lccn - 55047167

Full Text



The FLORIDA

COLLEGE FARMER


PUBLISHED BY THE AGRICULTURAL CLUB OF


THE UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA


DECEMBER, 1930


Vol. II
sF71\
\ 1T


No. 2


m









GULF BRANDS
For 26 years and more the
blue Maltese Cross has been
a familiar sight in Florida
groves and trucklands. It is
the trade mark of The Gulf
Fertilizer Company and the
symbol of guaranteed qual-
ity, of dependable fertilizer,
of integrity in business.
Behind this emblem are the unseen experience, the wide
knowledge, the tests in the laboratory, the trials in the
field, the facilities for manufacture, and the ability and
determination to make fertilizers which shall main-
tain the reputation of "GULF BRANDS."
WAREHOUSES
Bradenton : Lake Wales : Sarasota : Winter Haven : Winter Garden

THE GULF FERTIUZER C00
P. 0. Box 2790
TAMPA, FLORIDA


We Offer for Your

Selection and Approval

Stetson Hats
Arrow Shirts
Griffon Suits
Lilly Luggage
Middishade Suits
Bradley Sweaters
Interwoven Hoisery
Faultless Nightwear
Hickok Belts and Sets

NUFF SED

Burnett THE Clothier


GAINESVILLE


More Eggs

Lower Cost


PINEBREEZE
EGG MASH


Weekly Price List
Sent on Request


Howard Grain Co.
JACKSONVILLE
FLORIDA



Vidal Drug Co.
GAINESVILLE
Headquarters
FOR
XMAS GIFTS


Nunnally's
CANDY

Toilet Sets
Waterman's Pens
Fancy Stationery

-CUT PRICES-







THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


Contents for November


ClIX5


FEATURES
Florida 4-H Club Girls at the National Congress -
The Florida 4-H Club Boys at Chicago-By Fred Barber -
Establishing a Lawn in Florida-By R .B. Wooten -
Preparing the Grounds for Planting-
By Louise Screven Burton
The Avocado-A Little-Known Fruit-By R. L. Brooks -
Insects and Insecticides-By William W. Lawless -
Backyard Poultry Raising-By James A. McClellan, Jr. -


"Caterpillar"

TRACTORS


MISCELLANEOUS
Inside Dope on the Tallahassee Trip -
Extension Course in Citrus Culture -
Wells New Ag Club Head - -
Ag Frosh Win Campus Debating Championship
Advanced Class Takes Trip - -


8
- 5
- 8
9
- 11
- 13


DEPARTMENTS


Editorial -
Our Alumni -


6
- --13


The Intelligent Use of

GOOD FERTILIZER

Always Pays



When Buying FERTILIZER
Obtain the Best



TRUEMAN FERTILIZER
COMPANY

Jacksonville :: Florida


uses for

every size









Burgman Tractor &

Equipment Company
No. 8 Riverside Viaduct

Jacksonville, Florida


A SiVe


for


every use.


A hundred


December, 1930








THE .FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


INSPIRATION RANCH
On Palma Sola Bay

THE ONLY EXCLUSIVELY

PURE BRED GUERNSEY HERD
IN FLORIDA

We offer at reasonable prices

SPLENDIDLY BRED YOUNG BULLS FROM
HIGH PRODUCING DAMS
Every animal in our herd is negative to blood test for tubercu-
losis and infectious abortion. We are also tick free.

Come Look Us Over

J. A. FROHOCK, Inc., Owners
BRADENTON, FLORIDA




NITROPHOSKA
ANALYSES:
(%) (%) (%) (%)
Ammonia Phosphoric
Nitrogen Equivalent Acid Potash
No. 1 15 18.2 30 15
No. 2 161/2 20 16/2 211/2
No. 3 15/2 18.8 15/2 19
No. 4 15 18.2 11 26!/
No. 5 10 12.1 20 20
No. 6 10 12.1 20 15
No. 7 16 19.4 16 16
No. 8 12 14.5 24 12
For Better Crops at Lower Costs
CALUREA CALCIUM NITRATE
34% Nitrogen, equal to 41.3% 15% Nitrogen, equal to 18.2%
Ammonia. 1/5 in nitrate form Ammonia. Nitrate Nitrogen
and 4/5 in organic form combined with Calcium
For Top and Side Dressing

Jackson Grain Company
State Distributors
TAMPA, FLORIDA
"Working for Better Agriculture"


CANARIES
Song Birds of Happiness
PETS
Are precious gifts and are
always appreciated
Parrots Pet Monkeys
Canaries Dogs
Finches and all Gold Fish
Song Birds Rabbits
Complete line of food, remedies,
dog harnesses, bird cages, fish
bowls, etc.
Write for our complete
Pet Stock List
E. A. Martin Seed Co.
Establish ed 1875
202-206 E. Bay Street
Jacksonville, Florida



CITRUS

NURSERY

STOCK

All Standard Varieties
on Sour Orange Root
Your inquiries solicited





SUMMERFIELD
NURSERY
COMPANY
MARION COUNTY
SUMMERFIELD, FLORIDA
NATHAN MAYO, President
W. J. LYLES, Vice-Pres. & Mgr.


November, 1930












THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER

"Florida First"


VOL. II No. 2 GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA December, 1930


Florida 4-H Club Girls at The


National Congress

Seven girls represent state at ninth annual convention.


EACH Florida girl at Chicago wrote
a special letter to the Florida Col-
lege Farmer about her trip and mailed
it by air mail so that the other boys
and girls of the state could learn.
through our pages this month how
much the trip meant to her. Their
letters, which follow, were sent to us
through the courtesy of Miss Mary
Keown, of the State Home Demon-
stration department, who accompan-
ied the girls on the trip.
Annabel Raulerson
Alachua County
Judged the Most Outstanding Girl in
Alachua County
My trip has meant a great deal to
me. I was greatly interested in the
country, as I had never seen moun-
tains, tunnels and the like, before.
I was also interested in the looks of
the soil, and I believe I prefer Flor-
ida soil for my garden. By talking to
the girls in the northern states I
found out about their garden work.
They can't imagine us having a year
'round garden.
I saw a great many exhibits of all
kinds of fruits, vegetables and meats,
and secured some good ideas on fancy
packs.
I have seen many places of inter-
est, including the Planetarium, the
Art Institute, Lincoln park, the Live-
stock show with its many exhibits of
fine animals, canning, clothing, home
improvement, etc., the Chicago Mail
Order Co., Montgomery-Ward & Co.,
Marshal Field's, and the Model Farm.
This has been a most enjoyable
trip as well as a very educational one,
and I am glad that I am a 4-H club
member and was given this wonder-
ful opportunity.
I'd like to say to other club girls
that this trip is certainly worth all
the work you do to win it.
Barbara Blasy
Escambia County
Florida Poultry Club Work
Champion
My trip has been very interesting;
the exhibits were splendid. The live-
stock show is so fine, the tall build-
ings are interesting, the different land
of the country and soil new to me and


worth seeing. The canning gave me
new ideas and the clothing was all
fine. Among the enjoyable places we
visited were Lincoln park, the Plan-
etarium (where we saw the rotation
of the stars, the sun and the moon),
and the Art Institute, with its treas-
ures of art.
The Quaker Oats Company, which
awarded my trip, has an especially
interesting plant. In one room they
cook different kinds of oats to find
out which is best. In another office
they have their own stamping ma-
chine for mailing their letters. This
company awarded six trips to the girls
and thirty to boys. Many of the boys
have many more chickens than I, but
my profits ranked with theirs.
Lastly, I enjoyed the breakfasts,
luncheons and dinners given by the
different companies. These things, I
am sure, are always enjoyed by all.
Ruth Durrenberger
Orange County
State Winner in Canning and Garden
Contests
My Chicago trip has been a won-
derful experience, giving me many
new ideas to carry back to the girls
in my state and county. I learned
many new things from others attend-
ing the National Club Congress and
hope that I too have given beneficial
ideas to others.
I was able to compare the different
methods employed by the boys and
girls in different parts of the United
States. I was especially interested



The members of Florida's
delegation to Chicago, Novem-
ber 29th to December 5th, want
to express their appreciation to
all who helped to make their
trip possible. County and home
demonstration agents, school
teachers, business men, club
leaders and parents all had a
part in the success of the con-
gress this year, and the boys
and girls who made the trip are
very grateful for their assist-
ance.


in the home economics judging ~eA-
tests, as I took part in the one givy.
in canning.
It is always easier to learn by see-
ing and doing than by studying frotr
books, so personally I believe that I
have received more from my trip
educationally than I would have se-
cured in a month's school work.
Lorene Duffey
Manatee County
Winner of State Contest in Clothing
Work
My trip to Chicago has included so
many wonderful experiences that 1
really do not know where to begin.
First I think I should consider the
marvelous hospitality of the people
in Chicago. I've never seen better.
The trip has been very educational
as well as enjoyable.
My interest has also been aroused
because of the fact that I have met
so many boys and girls from all parts
of the United States, and have ex-
changed 4-H club ideas which I am
sure will be very profitable to my
county and state when put into use
in the future.
Being a state champion in the dress
revue contest, I entered the national
contest, where there were forty other
girls participating. This proved that
a club girl must be well dressed. By
this I do not mean expensively
dressed, but tastefully dressed. In
this revue I was very happy to be
awarded third prize in the semi-
tailored silk class.
I wish to express my heartiest ap-
preciation to the president of the
Chicago Mail Order Company, who
made the trip possible by giving me
my award.
Dora Lee Bryant
Escambia County
Winner State Contest in Nutrition
and Health
My Chicago trip has been a very
interesting one to me. I have en-
joyed it very much, and have met
boys and girls from all over the
United States. We have exchanged
ideas about many different things,
mostly about club work. I find these
ideas interesting and useful and hope
(Continued on Page 10)








THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


The Florida 4-H Club Boys at Chicago

Five boys see many unusual sights at Ninth Annual Congress.


ONE of the ideals of every club
boy in the state is to win a trip
to the annual National 4-H Club Con-
gress held in Chicago. This is one of
the major awards offered for out-
standing club work and is well worth,
many times over, the work necessary
to win the trip.
It is especially interesting to South-
ern club boys, because the trip comes
just after Thanksgiving, at a time
when the North is covered with a gen-
erous blanket of snow and ice.
Mr. R. W. Blacklock, with his party
of five boys left Jacksonville on Fri-
day, November the twenty-eighth, at
ten P. M. The lucky boys were Hugh
Opkes, Yutch Lee, Nelson Reeves,
Francis Moss and William Clegg.
On returning from their trip, three
of the boys told of their experiences,
over radio station WRUF, in Gaines-
ville. These three talks, each de-
scribing different phases of the trip,
follow.
Francis Moss
Leon County
Three years ago I joined the Dairy
Club of Leon County. I started with
a calf about one year of age and now
have her and her calf which is 18
months old. I was awarded the trip
to Chicago which was offered by the
local Leon County banks for doing
the best dairy club work in Leon
County.
We arrived in Chicago Sunday
morning and went by taxi to head-
quarters at the LaSalle Hotel. In the
afternoon, together with the Alabama
gir:s, went to the aquarium and saw
the fish of the world. We stayed in
it an hour. Then we went to the
museum, where we saw stuffed birds,
animals, and fish and lots of jewelry
of King George's day.
Tuesday morning we went out to
Armour & Company. After break-
fast we were taken through the plant.
We saw first the slaughter room
where they kill 12,000 hogs a day;
we went on and saw how they cut
and packed the meat. We went a
little farther and saw where they
killed and packed 3,600 beef cattle
a day. Then we were taken to the
sheep and calf department, where
they s'aughter and pack 10,000 ani-
mals a day.
Tuesday noon we went to the Mor-
rison Hotel for a banquet given by
the Producers Association; then in
the afternoon we went to the Chicago
Zoo, where we saw all kinds of ani-
mals, such as monkeys, elephants,
bears, lions, foxes, tigers, wolves,
camels, and the birds. We also saw
the wild flowers and plants. We Flor-
ida folks felt at home in the tropical
green house.
Wednesday morning we went out


by

Fred Barber, '33

to the International Harvester Com-
pany. We went first to the place
where they were making the tractors.
In first place they were making the
molds for the cylinder heads. Then
we went into another building and
saw where and how they were making
the gears. Then in another building
we saw where they were beginning
to assemble the tractors.
First the engine would be assem-
bled and then tested for a number of
hours; then put on the frame which
is on an endless belt, which carries it
to the next two workmen, who put
the fenders on; then to the next two
men, who put the radiator on; it goes
on down the belt and then the wheels
are put on; then the engine is con-
nected. By the time it gets to the
end of the belt it is a new tractor
and ready to run. They make 350
tractors a day.
Then we went to the International
Twine Mills, where they make the
common grass twine and ropes.
I hope that I have given you an
idea of our side trips. It is impossi-
ble to begin to tell in four minutes
what we were three days in seeing.
The trip was wonderful. While I
cannot go again, I expect to continue
4-H club work and help some other
boy to win the trip. One cannot ap-
preciate 4-H club work until one at-
tends a nation-wide gathering and
meets the boys and girls from all over
this country.
Hugh Dukes
Union County
Four years ago, when farm ex-
tension work began in Union County,
I became a member of the 4-H club,
taking corn as my project work. The
next year I saw the necessity of hav-
ing livestock on the farm; therefore,
I took pig club work along with my
corn.
I obtained a hog of good Poland
China stock from Ohio. A gilt from
this sow farrowed six pigs last March.
Of these, three were males. I sold
the best one; another died, and I
saved the runt of the whole litter.
This pig weighed only 30 pounds
when three months old; after receiv-
ing well balanced ration and close at-
tention for eight months the barrow
weighed 342 pounds.
My barrow took the grand cham-
pionship at the State Pig Club Show.
I was awarded the trip to Chicago,
which was ,given by Armour and
Company.
Our party reached Chicago on Sun-
day, November 30th. We were im-


mediately submerged into a group of
1,400 4-H boys and girls from all
over the United States and Canada.
While the International Live Stock
Show has been running for years, the
4-H Club Congress is but nine years
old. The first year there were but
90 present. The Congress has grown
until now it takes two special trains
on the elevated to carry the delegates.
The Club Congress is fostered by
the business men of Chicago together
with the Live Stock Show. Thou-
sands of dollars are spent each year
in entertaining the delegates. Every-
thing is free to the boys and girls of
the 4-H clubs.
The International Live Stock Show
is the greatest fat stock show in the
world. The finest beef cattle, hogs,
sheep and horses in America are
brought there for exhibition.
The horse show was fine. Some of
the horses weighed were over a ton.
The fancy driving turnouts and the
jumpers were new to Florida boys.
Besides the livestock, there were
exhibits of hay, grain, dressed meats,
etc. The size of the ears of corn
struck the Florida folks. Great big
ears of yellow corn seemed to be the
style. The government educational
exhibits were fine, as was that from
Canada.
Here in Florida we do not realize
how our organization is recognized.
The business men of Chicago spend
a great deal of money in its support.
Our club badges admitted us to every-
thing about the stock show. 4-H club
work is considered an important or-
ganization.
While I am in college and cannot
carry on my projects and remain an
active member I expect to keep my
interest and aid and encourage other
boys to join th 4-H club.

Nelson Reeves
Leon County
Three years ago I joined the pig
club of Leon County. I started with
a gilt and raised twenty-five pigs in
three years. I fitted two barrows for
the State Pig Club Show this year
and succeeded in winning reserve
champion barrow. This prize gave
me the trip to Chicago offered by the
4-H club fund.
During our stay in Chicago we
were entertained royally in various
ways. Monday night the 1400 4-H
boys and girls from all over the
United States and Canada were
guests of the Wilson Company at a
dinner given in the lunch room of
their packing p'ant. By way of en-
tertainment there was a continuous
vaudeville and talkie performance
given in the auditorium. The out-
(Continued on Page 12)


December, 1930








THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


Establishing a Lawn in Florida

"St. Augustine grass is at present the most common lawn grass in Florida .. it grows
well in either shade or sunlight, is more resistant to cold than the other grasses named,
and is adapted to practically all soil types if plenty of moisture is provided."


NOTHING is of more importance
in bringing out the beauty of a
home than a good lawn. It should be
the central point of interest in any
landscape design. The lawn not only
makes a home attractive to travelers
or visitors, but it gives an aesthetic
value to the home owner and his
family which cannot be expressed in
a monetary way. Because of the
scarcity of good lawns in the South it
has generally been thought that they
would not grow in this section, but
this is probably due to the use of
grasses that are not adapted to the
soils and climate.
In establishing a lawn it is im-
portant to have a good soil even
though some grasses will grow on
poor soils if plenty of moisture is
available. Both the soil and water
should be given proper cons'dera-
tion in advance of seeding to avoid
any disappointment later.
The best lawn soil is one which
contains a medium amount of organic
matter and clay. It should have a
good moisture supply at all times and
yet be able to take care of any excess
water during wet seasons, by under-
surface drainage. Since most Florida
soils are sandy it is rather difficult to
get one that contains sufficient or-
ganic matter and clay. Additions of
stable manure are found beneficial but
manure is usually rather scarce, so
most any form of readily decable or-
ganic matter may be substituted.
Since the average lawn requires
watering more than half the year it
is advisable to supply some form of
sprinkling system. Pipes laid under
ground with distributors about ten
or twelve feet apart, so that the en-
tire lawn may be sprinkled at one
time to save labor, but they are more
expensive than the ordinary garden
hose with sprinkler or nozzzle. If
the under ground system is used the
pipes should be laid before making
the soil treatments or preparing the
seed bed. Water control is a very im-
portant factor and cannot be over
emphasized even though some grasses
will grow in fairly dry soils.
Most sod forming grasses have a
very extensive fibrous root system
and it is essential that the soil be
loose enough to allow easy penetra-
tion of these roots. This can only
be attained by previous deep plowing
or thoroughly loosening the soil to a
depth of eight or ten inches. It is
obvious that roots, stumps and other
debris, which cannot be thoroughly
incorporated into the soil, may be re-
moved before plowing and preparing
the seed bed. After the soil has been


by

R. B. Wooten, B.S.
Graduate Assistant in Agronomy

well plowed, it must be leveled and
allowed to settle.
In addition to the manure or other
organic matter which may have been
added to the soil before seed bed
preparation, it is advisable to broad-
cast just before seeding, about 20 to
40 pounds of a good truck fertilizer
to each 1,000 square feet of surface.
This fertilizer should be lightly
worked into the soil, or it may be
more easily leached in with a light
sprinkling of water.
Because of the scarcity and poor
quality of the seed most grasses
adaptable to Florida conditions are
best established by the use of cut-
tings, or pieces of turf, planted at
intervals sufficiently close so that
natural spreading of the grass will
cover the ground. The common prac-
tice is to open small trenches about
twelve inches apart, place the cut-
tings six inches apart in the rows and
cover immediately to prevent drying.
If the grass is to be started by
seeding, which may be done with
Bermuda or Carpet grass, about three
pounds of seed to 1,000 square feet
of surface should be sown.


Centipede grass forms a very fine,
dense sod and spreads rapidly by
surface runners. The leaves are fine
and give a compact appearance. It
seems to be well adapted to dry sandy
soils, where it has been known to
crowd out all other grasses, al-
though good growth results on the
heavier soils. This grass is not very
satisfactory in heavy shade, but re-
quires less mowing and water than
most grasses and when once estab-
lished, makes a very beautiful lawn.
No seed are available and therefore it
must be propagated by vegetative
planting.
St. Augustine grass is, at present,
the most common lawn grass in Flor-
ida. However, it is particularly coarse
and heavy, the leaves often becoming
twelve inches in length if not kept
well mowed. Susceptability to chinch
bug attacks during dry weather is
another of its chief objections. This
grass grows well in either shade or
sunlight, is more resistant to cold
than the other grasses named, and is
adapted to practically all soil types
if plenty of moisture is provided. To
produce an attractive, green lawn
plenty of water and plant nutrients
must be supplied at all times. St.
August'ne grass does not produce
seed very readily and therefore it
is propagated vegetat'vely.
(Continued on Page 10)


Inside Dope on the Tallahassee Trip
Boiled ham, upturned canoes and senators feature annual
long-distance co-educational program.
by
Clarke Dolive, '32


FIVE cars, carrying twenty-five
members of the Ag club left town
early on the morning of November
22, bound for Tallahassee to attend
the annual picnic held with the college
4-H club girls of the Florida State
College for Women. The crowd of
hungry men went direct to the girl's
camp, Fiastacowa, at Lake Bradford.
Reports state that upon their ar-
rival, the boys were introduced
around and the entertainment be-
gan. As it was broad daylight there
was nothing else to do but play
bridge and go canoeing on the lake.
Considerable scandel was aroused
over the unfortunate circumstances
of one of the canoes upsetting, but
because we believe that it was en-
tirely due to fate, no names will be
mentioned.
Acquaintances of the year before
were renewed, and a big time was
had by all swapping stories and ex-


periences. The report reads that
"brothers and sisters were a happy
throng." This could mean almost
anything.
The big event was served as six
o'clock. Potato salad, boiled ham,
buns and coffee and ice cream, of
course were the features of the meal.
No true Ag man ever let women mar
his appetite. Second helpings were
enjoyed all around, and probably one
or two freshmen had thirds. The
seniors were watched to closely.
After supper all went outside and
gathered around the big campfire,
where the more formal part of the
program took place. Sidney Wells,
president of the Ag club presided and
first presented'Miss Myrtle McCle lan,
of the girl's club, who welcomed the
visitors. Jack Greenman responded
for the Ag boys.
Miss Dorothy Jones, president of
(Continued on Page 12)


December, 1930







THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


The Florida College Farmer
ESTABLISHED 1930
Published by the Agricultural Club
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
GAINESVILLE
WILLARD M. FIFIELD - Editor
J. R. GREENMAN - Business Manager
WILLIAM T. DUNN Circulat.on Manager
EDITORIAL STAFF
W. Travis Lofton - Managing Editor
R. L. Brooks - - Exchange
F. W. Barber - 4-H Clubs
R. S. Edsall - Horticulture
M. A. Boudet Agricultural Economics
J. A. McClellan, Jr. - Poultry
W. J. Platt - Animal Husbandry
R. D. Gill - Organizations
BUSINESS STAFF
S. W. Wells Assoc.ate Business Manager
A. P. Evans Associate Business Manager
T. J. Jones Assistant Circu!at:on Manager
C. D. Finney Asistant Circu.ation Manager
J. S. McCo!skey - Advertising Manager
Clarke Dolive - Treasurer
C. D. Newbern Assistant Business Manager
G. F. Bauer C. Herminghaus J. A. Chamberlain
FACULTY ADVISORY COMMITTEE
C. H. Willoughby, Chairman
W. L. Lowry R. M. Fulghum
PUBLISHED MONTHLY DURING THE SCHOOL YEAR
Subscription One Dollar
Application filed for entry as second-class matter
at the postoffice at Ga;nesville, Florida.



VOLUME 2 DECEMBER, 1930 NUMBER 2


Head, Heart, Hand and Health
Club work is a nation-wide organized effort
to improve farm and home life through the
efforts and by the aid of the boys and girls
now living on farms.
Young people are naturally vivacious and
full of pep. They want to get together, and
if this tendency to organize is not properly led,
they are very apt to get the wrong start. 4-H
Club work trains constructive leaders; the kind
of leaders that tomorrow's agriculture is going
to need, and need badly.
The club officers each have their responsi-
bilities. Their fellow members have elected
them to office, believing that they will make
good. A leader is one who thinks and plans
ahead, and then stands out in front and says,
"Let's go this way." He is one who has the
ability to so influence others that they will think
as he wants them to think, do what he wants
them to do, but still feel they are doing their
own thinking and planning.


The chief advantage in club work, however,
is the fact that each individual member is re-
sponsible. He must plan his project, carry it
out, keep complete records, and when it is fin-
ished write it up as a report. Unless he does
all of these things he will have failed. There
is no place in the world today for fellows who
only half complete their work.
In Florida, the local clubs require at least
five members, an adult local leader, a club or-
ganization with a constitution, etc., and a care-
fully worked out program for the year. When
these four requirements have been met the club
becomes a "standard" club and is entitled to a
club charter. This charter is signed by the
Secretary of Agriculture of the United States,
the State Director of Extension and the State
Boys' Club Agent.
Sometimes the local clubs and club members
do not get as much encouragement from parents
as they should. There are some people in this
world who seem to take a delight in keeping
others from getting ahead because they them-
selves have been failures. The boys and girls
that get ahead are those who have Mothers
and Dads who have a little time now and then
for their children. If club work is not encour-
aged at home, it certainly will not get much
farther.


Cover This Month
The cover for this issue was designed for the
Florida College Farmer by Mr. J. Francis
Cooper, Editor of the Florida Experiment Sta-
tion. It portrays the various phases of 4-H
Club work that are bing carried on in the state.
Many other actual photographs could have
been selected that would have been just as
representative.


Radio
Through the courtesy of radio station WRUF,
the State and University station at Gaines-
ville, The Florida College Farmer broad-
casts a musical program once each week. Ma-
jor Garland Powell, director of the station, has
cooperated with the College Farmer in a very
fine way, and our programs have already be-
gun to bring in favorable comment from over
the State. We have also received letters from
friends in New Jersey, Arkansas and several
other distant states. We always welcome con-
structive criticism and appreciate any sugges-
tions that will help us build a better magazine
or present more pleasing radio programs.


Fame
The heights by great men reached and kept
Were not attained by sudden flight,
But they, while their companions slept,
Were toiling upward in the night.
-Longfellow.


December, 1930








THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


Preparing the Grounds for Planting


"Unless the ground
laid out, unless the


is properly graded, unless the drive and walks are carefully
fences are thoughtfully planned, no amount of planting will
make the grounds pleasing, or even useful.


N AN earlier issue of this magazine
we stated that the plantIng of trees
and shrubs is the third step in de-
veloping the home grounds. The sec-
ond step is more important than
planting. Unless the ground is prop-
erly graded, unless the drive and
walks are carefully laid out, unless
the fences are thoroughly planned, no
amount of planting will make the
grounds pleasing, or even useful.
It is supposed that before building
the house the owner has had the
ground surveyed, or at least has as-
certained levels so that the house has
been located intelligently. When this
has been done, the next thing is to
arrange for communication from the
street to the house and garage. If
possIble the drive should service the
kitchen as well as the main entrance
of the house. If the main entrance
is not close to the kitchen, then a side
entrance may be provided through a
porch, or may even be through the
kitchen in the small house in town,
and more often than not is through
the kitchen in the farm-house. In
the form-house a side entrance is a
necessity, and in any house built to


The Mark of


Reliability!


Nearly fifty years of ex-
perience with Tropical
and Semi-Tropical Horti-
culture is constantly at
your disposal.




Reasoner Brothers'

Royal Palm Nurseries
ONECO, FLORIDA
Established 1883


by
Louise Screven Burton


This is one of a series of
Landscape articles prepared for
the Florida College Farmer by
Miss Burton, who graduated in
Landscape Design last spring
from this school.


accommodate children a vast amount
of house-work and wear-and-tear can
be eliminated by having a side door
for general use.
In laying out the drive and walks,
it is advisable to avo-d curves unless
they are functional. This is true from
an economic standpoint as well as
from an esthetic standpoint. For
example, if a tree happened to exist
in a direct line with the garage, and
not too close to it, then a curve in the
drive would be functional; that is, it
would serve the purpose of getting
around the tree. Also a steep grade is
ascended more easily by a curved
drive. Otherwise a fairly straight
line should be followed.
The drive should be graded care-
fully with a slight crown for drain-
age. The width need not be more
than ten feet nor should it be less
than eight. The turn around, if cir-
cular, may be from forty to sixty
feet in diameter. "Y" turns, or back-
arounds, are more often used in in-
formal work and in service arrange-
ments than the circular turn-around,
as they demand less space.
The surface of the drive may be of
concrete, clay or grass. Concrete
makes a serviceable surface, the dur-
ability of which compensates for the
additional expense. It is better to
lay th econcrete over the whole sur-
face than to lay two runners, as the
latter occasion a great deal of in-
convenience in backing a car out.
Clay surfaces are good if the clay
hardens and becomes more or less
permanent. Some clays never har-
den, and for this reason considerable
knowledge of the material is neces-
sary in selecting the proper clay.
Grass drives are occasionally used in
Florida in informal work. St.
Augustine or Bermuda grass will
stand up under moderate usage, but
where cars are continually coming
and going under unfavorable con-
ditions, grass is not reliable.
Walks of concrete or clay are used
to service the main entrance and
different areas about the house. The


widest walks should be from four to
six feet in width according to the
scale of the house, and the narrower
walks to garage, garden and drying
yard may be from two to three feet
wide. Concrete walks are durable
and are easily kept clean. They should
be laid with a slight crown to pre-
vent water standing in puddles after
heavy rains. Clay walks are best
when gravel has been well tamped
into them. They shou d have a crown
for drainage. Clay walks are pleasant
to the feet, and give an informal
effect. Flag-stones of concrete are
inexpensive, but unless they are well
la'd they are an eye-sore. Octagonal
stones laid with colors alternating
should be avoided. The natural flag-
stone is very irregu-ar in outline, and
when imitated should be studied for
shape, texture and color. Poorly
made flagstones are unsightly, and
when the walk is badly constructed
with some stones much higher than
others, they are positively dangerous.
A very good d'rt foundation should
be provided before the stones are
laid, and grass should be planted be-
(Continued on Page 10)


Florida's

Most Complete

Stock of


TECHNICAL

SUPPLIES

for the

Landscape

Architect

Write for
Catalogs and Prices

THE

H. & W. B. DREW

CO.

Jacksonville, Florida


December, 1930









THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


The Avocado-A Little-Known Fruit


IF YOU know what an avocado is,
you are one of a relatively small
group. It is true that to some the
fru't is common to the Mexican
peon, who considers four or five tor-
tillas (corn cakes), a cup of coffee
and an avocado a good-sized meal, it
is exceedingly common. To the en-
thusiast, who considers that it will
some day exceed citrus in production,
it is an obsession. However, to the
layman the country over it is an un-
known luxury.
Because of its high food value and
comparatively low per calorie cost,
the avocado ought to be as familiar,
and commonly accepted as the ubiq-
u:tous orange and banana. Like the
banana, the avocado is a tropical
fru't. Its native home is on the
mainland of Tropical America. It is
commonly considered as indigenous
to Mexico, from where it spread
through Central America. The name
of the fruit, as Wi son Popenoe ex-
pla'ns, comes from the Spanish
ahuacate which in turn is an adapta-
tion of the Aztec ahuacatl. On the
early introduction of the fruit into
Jamaica by the Spaniard, the name
underwent corruption and evolved
into the near present form of avo-
cato. Here, Popenoe suggests that
the addition of the word "pear" to
make the current form of "avocado
pear" was given by the English, who


by

R. L. Brooks, '32


This article was prepared to
present a general history of the
avocado, together with infor-
mation concerning its botany
ard uses. Mr. Brooks is a stu-
dent assistant at the Experi-
ment Station.


frequently applied old-world names
to new-world fruits of familiar form
and shape. There is some precedent
for the designating of the fru't as
"allegator" pear in the explanation
that spurious or fa'se forms of a
fruit were sometimes prefixed with
the word alligator. The reason for
the term alligator is not apparent.
The word at least has merit in that
it is connatative and descriptive of
the unusual.
Facts concerning the early history
of the fruit are naturally somewhat
scarce. It seems to have been culti-
vated since time immemorial on this
continent. The early explorers found
it here; the first written account con-
cerning it is that of Hernandez,
physician to the King of Spain, sent
on a mission to study the medicinal


Extension Course in Citrus Culture


T IS a recognized fact that the
growing of citrus fruits is by far
the most important industry in Flor-
ida. This branch of agriculture is
considered one of the most difficult
to master because there are such a
great variety of factors involved. It
is necessary therefore that the citrus
grower have not only a practical, but
also a technical training. Having
realized the need of the growers for
scientific training the General Exten-
sion Divis'on of the University of
Florida has made provisions to meet
this need. It can be readily seen that
it is impossible for many of the grow-
ers to come to Gainesville to take a
course in citrus culture. Therefore,
the Extension Division has arranged
for Professor E. L. Lord to hold
classes in Winter Haven and in
Cocoa. The classes meet every other
Friday. The one in Winter Haven
from 9 until 11 a.m., the one in
Cocoa from 7:30 until 9:30 p.m. They
are to be continued until the latter
part of April. If desired, the courses
may be taken for college credit.
Both classes have increased rapidly
in s'ze, the one at Winter Haven now
having 37 members, and the one at
Cocoa, 33. The course consists of


an elementary study of citrus culture
with a discussion of the problems con-
fronting the individual growers. The
membership of the classes consists
largely of men actually engaged in
citrus production. These men have
manifested a great interest in the
new cultural methods as outlined by
Professor Lord.
The production of citrus fruit is no
longer chiefly a horticultural prob-
lem but has become an economic
problem also. The grower must
know, not only how to produce fruit,
but also how to produce it econom-
ical'y so that he may realize a rea-
sonable profit..
Professor Lord plans to lay par-
ticular stress upon the new methods
of fertilization which have already
proven to be a source of great saving
to many growers.

College Red Lays 310 Eggs
A year's record of 310 eggs has
just been turned in by a Rhode Island
Red at the College of Agriculture
here. Five of her full sisters aver-
aged 250 eggs during the same time,
according to Dr. N. W. Sanborn, pro-
fessor of poultry husbandry.


plants of Mexico. In 1526 he saw
the tree on the Isthmus of Panama.
After some effort on the part of the
Spaniards, Henry Perrine introduced
it into Florida in 1833; thus its intro-
duction into this state antedated its
appearance in the state of California
by some thirty-eight years. In the
course of time the avocado has spread
entirely around the world-Hawaii,
Australia, New Zealand, India,
Africa and Europe. It is only in trop-
ical America and in sub-tropical Flor-
ida and California that it is at pres-
ent grown on an extensive commer-
cial scale.
To the many unfamiliar with the
fruit, it may be described as being
round or pear-shaped. According to
variety, the range' in size and weight
scales from four or five ounces to
that of three pounds or more. The
flesh is yellowish, shading to green at
the skin. A single seed is embedded
in the edible pulp. The outside skin
on some varieties of the fruit is green
even when fully ripe. In other va-
rieties the outer covering assumes a
yellowish tinge; in still others it takes
on a dull red or deep purple hue. The
skin may be thin and smooth, thick
and rough, or of an intermediate
form.
Botanically, the avocado is classed
in the laurel family (Lauraceae). It
is thus closely related to the cinna-
mon, camphor and sassafras. It is
further sub-classed as belonging to
the genus Persea. Careful taxonomy
has derived it from two species,
americana and drymifolia. The prac-
tical divisions of horticulture desig-
nate it as of three groups or classes;
the West Indian, the Guatemalan, and
the Mexican.
The supply of avocados bids fair
to exceed the demand. With planting
on the increase, until the buying pub-
lic has been properly educated to call
for this fruit, the foregoing state-
ment must necessarily be true. Active
in the work of educational publicity
along this line are two outstanding
grower cooperative organizations.
Located in the avocado states, Flor-
ida and California, these respective
organizations have coined trade
names of Flavocado and Calavo.
Although some avocados can be
grown almost the entire length of
the state of Florida, trees having
been known to fruit as far north as
Waldo, commercial plantings are re-
stricted to the southern section of the
state.
Upon its uses, flavor and food value
must rest the increasing popularity
of the avocado. The edible portion
of fully matured fruit has a soft,
buttery consistency and a delicate
nut-like flavor. The Un'ted States
Department of Agriculture says: "No
other fru:t, not excepting the olive,
(Continued on Page 9)


December, 1930








THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


Insects and Insecticides

"It is readily apparent that an insect like the aphid which feeds by pushing its beak
into the plant and sucking the plant juice will not be killed by an insecticide or
poison which has to be eaten while piercing the plant tissues."


NSECTS are very closely related
to the spiders, ticks, mites and har-
vest mites from which they can be dis-
tinguished by the number of legs
and wings. Insects possess three pair
of legs, while the mites, ticks and
spiders possess four pair. A further
distinction is the usual possession of
two pair of wings by insects. How-
ever, this is not an absolute char-
acteristic, since many do not have
wings during any part of theid life-
history. Spiders and mites never pos-
sess wings. Insects possess jointed
legs in common with animals of the
spider class.
At the present time there are ap-
prox:mately a little over a million
different kinds of insects known to
man. Of these the great majority
are not of economic importance; they
do no appreciable amount of harm
to man or any of his activities. There
is, however, a small portion of these
insects that do interfere with the
act-vities of man. They may destroy
his crops, feed on his stored products,
inflict injury to his livestock, and
even become parasites on man him-
self.
In this article we will concern our-
selves only w:th those insects which
feed on the p ant crops of man. The
other insects, although much the same
in structure, must be controlled by
other means than those used for plant
pests. Insects which feed upon our
farm crops are divided into two
groups on the basis of the structure
of their mouthparts. By mouthparts
is meant the apparatus by which the
insect feeds, comparable to the jaws
of man. There are two predominat-
ing types of insect mouthparts. One
is known as the "biting or chewing
type" and the other as the "sucking
type."
Anyone who has watched a grass-
hopper or caterpillar while it was
feeding has noticed that it bites
through the leaf. Each of these in-
sects, as well as the beetles and cer-
tain other insects, is equipped with
two pa'rs of jaws with which they
eat their food. These insects possess
biting or chewing mouthparts. On
the other hand we have many in-
sects like the aphids, scale insects,
white flies, jassids or leaf-hoppers,
and true plant bugs, which have suck-
ing mouthparts. These latter are fur-
nished with a tube or beak which they
insert into the leaf or stem and
through which they suck the juices of
the plant. If you have ever watched
an aphid or plant louse while it was
eating you will have noticed that it
pushed a little tube into the plant
tissue and that instead of eating the


by

William W. Lawless, '32



This article was prepared
with the aid of Mr. L. W.
Zeigler, assistant entomologist
at the Florida Experiment Sta-
tion.


leaf like the grasshopper, it was get-
ting its food by sucking the plant
juices through its beak. Thus we see
that insects feed in two different
ways, and it is therefore necessary
to use different sets of insecticides or
poisons for control ing them.
Any insect which eats the leaf, as
grasshoppers or caterpillars do, will
be killed by a poison placed on the
leaf. As this type of insect eats the
leaf it gets the poison into its di-
gestive system and is killed. There-
fore we use what are known as
"stomach poisons" for insects with
the biting or chewing type of mouth
parts. Among the most fami iar
stomach poisons the following may be
mentioned: lead arsenate, calcium
arsenate, Paris green, sod um arsen-
ate, white arsenic, and sodium
fluoride. In the control of caterpillars
we use one of the arsenical sprays as
a general rule because the caterpillar
will get the arsenical into its system
as it eats the leaf. We use Paris
green, calcium arsenate or white
arsenic in our poison bran baits for
cutworms and grasshoppers because
the poison will be taken into the sys-
tem when the insect eats the bran.
It is readily apparent, however,
that an insect like the aphid which
feeds by pushing its beak into the
plant and sucking the plant juice
will not be killed by an insecticide or
poison which has to be eaten while
piercing the plant tissues. It can be
readily seen that such an insect does
not get enough of the poison which
coats the leaf after spraying is done,
to kill it. Therefore we must have
a second set of insecticides which are
called "contact insecticides" for con-
trolling this group, among which are
the aphids, scale insects, whiteflies,
and leaf-hoppers. Contact insecti-
cides kill the insect by choking it.
They form a covering over the insect
and close its breathing tubes.
During the past year or two the
Entomology Department of the Flor-
ida Agricultural Experiment Station
has been concerned with a number of
compounds which are used as
aphicides. An aphicide is an insecti-


cide whose specific purpose is the con-
trol of aphids.
There are several commercial prod-
ucts now on the market which, when
mixed with nicotine sulphate, will
give a more effective control than
when the nicotine sulphate is used in
soap solutions.
In conclusion it should be said that
whether a contact insecticide or a
stomach poison is used on a certain
plant, the dosage and strength of the
spray will have to vary according to
the hardiness of the plant. Thus in
choosing the proper spray to use, we
should not only pick one which will
kill the insect, but one which wi 1 not
harm the plant. There has been much
damage done plants by us'ng the
wrong kind of spray, one that harms
the plant and at the same time does
not control the insect.
There are many insects which can
not be controlled by chemical means
and for these, many types of "cul-
tural" and "parasitic" control meas-
ures are being used.

Wells New Ag Club Head
At the November 17th meeting of
the Ag club, Sidney Wells, a senior,
was elected president, succeed ng
Jimmie Lybass into office. Wel s has
been prominent in Ag college activi-
ties during the past three or four
years, and was recently elected the
only member of Phi Kappa Phi from
the Ag school to be taken in this
fall. He has just completed a term
as secretary-treasurer of the c:ub.
Jack Greenman, prominent as the
new business manager of the Florida
College Farmer, was elected vice-
president, taking over the office for-
merly held by O. W. Anderson.
M. A. Boudet follows Wells into
the office of secretary-treasurer.

The Avocado-
A Little-Known Fruit
(Continued from Page 8)
equals the avocado in food value.
Most of our fruits analyze 200 to 300
units per pound, expressed in cal-
ories. The avocado averages 1,000
calories, and is equal pound for
pound, in ability to sustain life, with
lean meat." The fruit is unique in
its stated ability to maintain life in-
definitely with the addition of water
only. Its palatability is not out-dis-
tanced by its praises sung. The fruit
is made into soups, omelets, sherbets,
cocktails, salads, sandwiches, ice
cream and bread.

"Oh, Fred, the baby has swallowed
the matches. What shall I do?"
"Here, use my cigarette lighter."


r


December, 1930








THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


Preparing the Grounds
for Planting
(Continued from Page 7)
tween the stones to hold them to-
gether.
Fences are another important
item. They serve to cut off areas for
definite purposes, and sometimes even
serve to give charm to an otherwise
commonplace effect. A fence may be
completely hidden by dense shrubs.
This fact makes it possib e to use
wire, attached to concrete or wooden
posts, for the service areas such as
the chicken yard or vegetable garden.
Concrete posts cost a little more in
the beginning, but this expense is
soon repaid in savings on the re-
placement of wooden posts, which
soon decay unless creosoted.
Fences may serve to beautify the
home grounds. The once discarded
picket-fence is returning to favor
rapidly, but in changed forms. Lat-
tice fences are especially appropriate
on the cottage grounds, and they
serve splendidly as a frame-work for
all sorts of flowering vines of the
evergreen and dec'duous varieties.
Woven wooden fences are made in
various heights, and gates of the same
material can be procured.
Walls may be used in place of
fences. Stone, brick or stucco may
be selected according to the amount
allotted to this feature in the building
budget.


Establishing a Lawn in Florida
(Continued from Page 5)
Bermuda grass prefers a loam or
clay loam soil and an ample supply
of moisture. It does not grow well in
the shade and has a tendency to thin
out, thus allowing weeds to come in.
It has a fine texture and when well
cared for makes a bright green, at-
tractive lawn, but not being adapted
to sandy or drouthy soi s, lack of
moisture makes the grass brown and
unattractive.
Carpet grass seems to be best
suited to moist soils and makes a good
sod under such conditions. It is some-
what coarse and the sod is a dull
or brownish color, which is generally
not desirable for a lawn. The seed
stems grow long and are inclined,
thus giving a more or less ragged ap-
pearance if not kept well mowed.
Additions of 30 to 40 pounds of a
good truck fertilizer each Spring
should keep the grass we 1 supplied
with all the necessary elements for
growth, except nitrogen. Due to the
solubility of nitrates, they are read-
ily leached from the soil and must be
supplied at frequent intervals. Three
to four pounds of nitrate of soda or
ammonium sulphate applied monthly
usually affords sufficient growth and
keeps the lawn green. In addition to
the above nitrogen carriers, there are
several others on the market which
give excellent results. Lack of suf-
ficient nitrogen in the soil during the


growing season is usually indicated
by a yellowish color of the lawn.
Mowing at about ten day intervals
is generally sufficient to keep the
lawn in good condition and should
keep weeds under control unless they
are unusually persistent.


Florida 4-H Club Girls
at National Congress
(Continued from Page 3)
to put them into use in my own
county.
I entered the National Health con-
test, and was one of the blue-ribbon
winners. There were twenty-one
girls and fifteen boys entering this
contest, and eight boys and girls were
blue-ribbon winners. The lowest
score was 96.2 and the highest 99.6.
My score was 98.7. This shows that
club boys and girls everywhere are
trying to be healthy and are working
hard in club work.
Ottie Lee Bass
Okaloosa County
Winner General High Award Offered
to West Florida Counties
My trip has been splendid, and
we all want to thank Miss Keown for
being so nice to us.
By discussing club work with boys
and girls from other states we find
that their work differs from ours in
some ways. Those from the northern
states were very much surprised to
hear that we have a garden all the
year 'round, and to hear how much
club work we are doing in Florida.
This trip has been an education as
well as a pleasure. Some of the
places we visited were the Model
Farm Home, the Stock Yards, the Art
Institute and the Planetarium.
I can truly say that I have enjoyed
this trip very much and would like
to visit Chicago again and learn more
of the interesting things that such a
large city can offer.
Ruth Yates
Osceola County
Winner of the State Award for Home
Improvement
To me my Chicago trip has been
a very happy and wonderful one.
Everyone has been courteous to us
and entertained us royally. Happi-
ness and pleasure is not all that I
received from my trip, however, for
I think that it has been very educa-
tional. The hour I spent at the
Planetarium is a good example of
this. I learned as much in that hour
about the different stars, planets and
constellations as I had in nearly two
months' study at school.
I also met boys and girls from all
over the United States. We ex-
changed ideas and I found that some
of them would be very beneficial to
me and to my club. I hope that some
of the others found my ideas bene-
ficial too.


Use





Standard Fertilizer












STANDARD



FERTILIZER COMPANY



Gainesville, Florida


December, 1930









December, 1930


THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


Backyard Poultry Raising


A GOOD, small, backyard poultry
flock means money made and
money saved. It will furnish fresh
eggs for "Dad's" early morning
breakfast, and the few extra eggs
and chickens will go a long way to-
ward supplying other family needs.
To the business man backyard poul-
try provides an interesting hobby.
After a hard day at the office he can
get his mind off his worries by doing
a little outside work at home. To
those who have become tired of other
hobbies, poultry raising offers an in-
viting field. Children, too, become
interested in chickens, and this helps
keep their interest centered at home.
Backyard flocks can be highly de-
veloped for egg production. Birds
from such flocks are often entered
and become winners at egg-laying
contests. The fancier may breed his
flock to such standards that they will
win rewards at the various poultry
shows. He is by no means consid-
ered "out of the ring" in showing and
selling birds.
If substantial returns are expected,
the chickens must be properly man-
aged and fed a balanced ration. A
hen is an egg machine, and in her
manufacture she requires the proper
raw materials.
Birds for Backyard Flocks
The light breeds, such has the Leg-
horns and Anconas, are noted for
their egg production, and may be se-
lected if eggs are the only consid-
eration.
The heavy breeds, such as the
Brahmas and Jersey Giants, make ex-
cellent meat birds, but they are poor
egg producers as a general rule.
If the breeder wants both meat and
eggs, the dual purpose breeds will
come nearer to filling his need.
Rhode Island Reds, Plymouth Rocks
and Wyandottes are among the
breeds that have been highly devel-
oped for both eggs and meat. It
may be truthfu'ly said that under or-
dinary conditions, the dual-purpose
bird makes the best backyard invest
ment.
Even in a small backyard one can
become a skillful poultry breeder by
carefully studying his flock and elim-
inating all non-producing birds. If
the proper type birds are eliminated
better stock will result, and the flock
will soon become developed well
enough to allow the owner to sell
stock to his neighbors and even to
commercial poultry breeders for the
improvement of their flocks.
It must be borne in mind that in
selecting a breed for eggs, meat, or
both, that the birds should always be
purchased from reliable sources. They
should be true to type and repre-
sentative of their breed. Discourage-
ment and dissatisfaction will follow


This article was prepared
with suggestions from Mr. N.
R. Mehrhof, Extension poultry-
man, and is the first of a series
of poultry articles that will ap-
pear in this magazine.


by

JamesA. McClellan, Jr., '33

if the birds chosen are not from low
mortality, high egg-producing and
quick maturing strains.
How to Start the Backyard Flock
There are many ways to get a start
with poultry. Eggs can be set, baby
chicks purchased, or mature hens se-
cured that are already producing.
Setting eggs is rather uncertain
and inconvenient, especially for the
inexperienced breeder. Good baby
chicks are easily purchased, but care
must be taken to make sure they are
free from disease, especially white
diarrhea, which spreads quickly and
fatally among baby chicks.
Day-old chicks should be placed
in a brooder house that is properly
constructed, free from drafts, and
well ventilated. It should be heated
in cold weather, to prevent roup from


Debating the negative side of the
question, "Resolved, That the present
system of 'Ratting' at the University
of Florida should be abolished," Mil-
ton Marco and Carl Hobson, agricul-
tural freshmen, defeated Frank Jones
and Bill Lantoff of the College Arts
and Science in the finals of the cam-
pus freshman debates. The debates
were he'd during convocation hour
in the University auditorium Thurs-
day, December 4th.
F. C. Savage, freshman debate
manager, presided over the debate.
Jones spoke first for the affirmative,
followed by Marco of the negative.
Lantoff and Hobson then concluded
the constructive speeches. Rebuttals
from both sides were clever and to
the point.
The speakers of both teams were
well prepared and displayed excellent
debating abilities. At the close of
the rebuttals the judges rendered a
decision of 2 to 1 in favor of the
agricultural team.
Previous to the final debates_ in


getting a start. This disease is very
fatal to young flocks in cold weather.
Day-old chicks can be raised to the
broiler stage and usually sold with
profit, but they must be carefully
guarded against disease.
Pullets probably give quicker re-
turns than any other form of start.
They may be purchased in the fall
just before they begin to lay. This
enables the buyer to get eggs during
the season of highest market prices.
If care is not taken, here again dis-
eases may be introduced and various
pests spread throughout the flock,
causing heavy losses. Diseased birds
may contaminate the buildings and
ground, and this is hard to overcome.
It is best to deal with honest breeders
who can furnish complete records and
a guarantee with his stock.
The backyard poultry flock pro-
vides a valuable and economical way
of securing home food. It is a hobby,
and furnishes each member of the
family a means of diverting his mind
from ordinary, everyday duties. Ot
the three types, the dual purpose
bird, selected for both egg and meat
production, is probably the best for
this use.
Editor's Note-Next month's ar-
ticle will describe poultry feeds and
feeding.


chapel, the team of Marco and Hob-
son defeated the Teachers College
freshmen, McClanahan and Dilling-
ham. in the semi-final debates. The
Teachers frosh presented good argu-
ments but were no match for the
carefully prepared Ag boys, who re-
ceived the unanimous vote of the
judges.
Both Marco and Hobson worked
hard for the team this year, and it is
confidently expected that they will be
heard from later on in the upper-
class debates.


The farm expert announced that
he would be glad to answer any ques-
tion.
Voice from the Audience: "You
seem to know a lot, sir, about farm
difficulties. How can you tell a bag
egg?"
Lecturer (quietly) : "If I had any-
thing to tell a bag egg, I think I
should break it gently."-Creamery
. Journal......


Ag. Frosh Win Campus Debating

Championship
Defeat team of Arts and Science College in finals, for
first time in many years.
By Paul Simmons, 33








THE FLORIDA COLLEGE FARMER


The Florida 4-H Club
Boys at Chicago
(Continued from Page 4)
standing feature of this entertain-
ment was a speech by President
Hoover to 4-H boys and girls which
was broadcast direct from the Presi-
dent's office in Washington.
Tuesday morning a special elevated
train took us to Armour & Com-
pany's plant for breakfast. Can you
imagine 400 boys of the 4-H club
led by a 4-H club band of Iowa
marching four abreast through the
streets of the great city of Chicago?
Well, this is exactly what happened;
and let me tell you that with the ther-


mometer hovering around zero even
we Florida boys stepped lively.
From the Armour Packing Plant
we went to Morrison's Hotel, where
the Producers Association gave us a
banquet. Again we were entertained
with music and dancing. Here each
boy was presented with a real jack-
knife, which, as you know, is the
pride of a boy's pocket.
Tuesday night we enjoyed the club
boys and girls own banquet. If you
have ever been in Chicago and seen
the beautiful dining room of the
Sherman Hotel, you can imagine the
happy boys and girls seated at those
hundreds of tables. Here we had
splendid music and splendid enter-


Cumberland and Liberty Mills Co.


JACKSONVILLE
MIAMI


TAMPA


WHOLESALE GROCERS


Flour, Grits, Meal, Beans, Peas, Rice, Sugar, Cotton Seed
Meal and Hulls, Corn, Oats, Hay and Feed of All Kinds





IDEAL FERTILIZERS


LEADERSHIP


Must Be Earned

Leadership depends entirely on the ability to take the
initiative and to keep it. For thirty-seven years
IDEAL FERTILIZERS have maintained unchallenged
leadership in Florida. IDEAL results have earned the
confidence of growers. Use IDEAL FERTILIZERS
for increased profit in grove and field. IDEAL leader-
ship is assurance of scientifically made, well-balanced
mixtures.


IDEAL FERTILIZERS

Manufactured Exclusively by

Wilson & Toomer Fertilizer Co.


tainment. The big feature was a
style show put on by 4-H club girls.
Wednesday morning we went to
the International Harvester Com-
pany's plant. At noon we were served
a delicious banquet. We were given
all sorts of souvenirs, including a
magazine to be sent later in the year.
A special horse show matinee was
put on for our entertainment Wed-
nesday afternoon.
Wednesday night the Florida boys
and girls saw Jackie Coogan play in
Tom Sawyer. While waiting for our
train to St. Louis, we saw a comedy.
I have given you only an outline. We
saw something every minute and en-
joyed it all. In fact, we want to
thank all who made our trips possible.
The joy will remain with us for a life-
time.

Inside Dope on the
Tallahassee Trip
(Continued from Page 5)
the Girl's 4-H club, gave a history of
the club and told of its work. She
stated that the club was composed of
girls who were 4-H club girls before
coming to college, to perpetuate the
ideals and work of that organization.
Tom Jones gave a corresponding his-
tory of the Ag club. Miss Beulah
Felts, one of the three Florida girls
chosen as delegate to the Interna-
tional Leaders Training School for
4-H club girls, told in a very enter-
taining way the experiences she had
while at that school. Fred Barber,
the only Florida boy to attend the
school gave his version of the trip.
Dean Beckham of the College for
Women was present, and told the
gathering what she believed is ex-
pected of the college boys and girls
of today.
Senator Hodges was the next
speaker inviting all present to visit
his home in Tallahassee. Evidently
he had attended such affairs before,
because he offered to perform mar-
riage ceremonies for all concerned.
Inside information leads us to believe
that those needing such service most
failed to hear the invitation and offer.

"Daddy, do lawyers ever tell the
truth?"
"Yes, my son. Sometimes a law-
yer will do anything to win a case."



U 711


JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA


December, 1930












Our Alumni

Howard Villeroy Swartz, '13, may
be reached at 275 Reed avenue, Syra-
cuse, N. Y.
Harold George Conant, '14, who is
Chief Estimator for the Minneapolis
General Electric Co., lives at 3803
Thomas Ave., S. Minneapolis, Minn.
Colin Donald Gunn, '16, is a citrus
grower at Haines City, Fla.
Robert John Dogg, '17, lives at
1220 S. Grand Ave., Los Angeles,
Calif. He is a salesman for the Good-
year Tire & Rubber Co.
Charles Madison Mann, '17, who is
Assistant Treasurer for the Commo-
dore's Point Terminal Co., can be
reached by writing to P. 0. Box 212,
Jacksonville, Fla.
James McRae Tillman, '17, is a
fruit grower living at Lake Wales,
Fla.
Frank Garner Mervin, '18, living
at Plant City, Fla., is a salesman for
the Wilson & Toomer Fertilizer Co.
Benjamin Franklin Whitner, '19,
is a bulb grower at Sanford, Fla., and
he can be reached by writing to Box
1010, Sanford, Fla.
George William Dansby, '20, is a
Smith-Hughes teacher at Alachua,
Fla.
Leo Hughes Wilson, '20, located at
Bradenton, Fla., is County Agent for
Manatee County.
Homer E. Bratley, '21, is Assistant
in Entomology at the Fla. Agr. Exp.
Sta. in Gainesville, Fla.
Lloyd Hayden Ellsworth, '22, is a
postal clerk in the Tampa postoffice.
He resides at 701 Twiggs St., Tampa,
Fla.
Burton Weber Ames, '23, is Secre-
tary for Correspondence Study, Gen-
eral Extension Division, University of
Florida, at Gainesville, Fla.
Edward Lee Mathews, '23, is a
Smith-Hughes teacher located at Win-
ter Haven, Fla.
Fred Potter Abbott, '24, is Devel-
opment Agent for the S. A. L. Rail-
way Company at Hamlet, North Caro-
lina.

Advanced Class Takes Trip
The class in advanced crops took a
tr-p to Quincy recently to look over
the tobacco in that section. The
American Sumatra Tobacco Com-
pany's warehouse was insepcted and
the operations explained to them.
They then visited a cigar factory.
The Experiment Station at Quincy
proved to be an interesting sight. The
class was escorted around and told
of the problems in tobacco that were
being worked out at the station.
On the way back to Gainesville
some members of the class visited
the Negro A. and M. College at Talla-
hassee, where many things of interest
were seen.


The Final Test


of Fertilizer


HE Grower, who adopted a program of
zare and fertilization the past year,
with Quality Fruit as his goal, will be
richly rewarded when his final returns are
in-Quality Fruit will always bring a prem-
ium, even in big crop years.
The coming crop, from present indications,
will be a big one, and your "net profit" will
be determined by the fertilization, care and
attention you give your grove. A saving of
a few dollars per ton on the cost of your
fertilizer may mean the loss of many dol-
lars when your crop is marketed.
ORANGE BELT Brands and the advice of
,one of our trained field men will assist you
in the production of a maximum crop of
Quality Fruit-resulting in higher prices
and more net profit-the final test of fer-
tilizer.
Consult us before your next application.

There IS a difference in fertilizer



LYONS IZERR

Tampa BELT Florida

OFFICE 9** PLANT


805 Citrus Exc. Bldg.


35th St. and 4th Ave.


"QUALITY FERTILIZER FOR QUALITY FRUIT"


Tested and Proved Seeds
Kilgore's seed growing fields in the North and West are inspected each
season. All our seeds are tested and proved for trueness to type and
adaptability to Florida conditions in our experimental and proving grounds
at Plant City, Florida.
What more could be done to provide the Florida Farmer with the right
kind of seed?
New 1931 catalog on request

THE KILGORE SEED COMPANY
Main Office and Mail Order Department-PLANT CITY, FLORIDA
Twelve Kilgore Stores Serving Florida-Belle Glade, Bowling Green, Bushnell, Canal Po:nt,
Gainesville, Miami, Palmetto, Pompano, Plant City, Sanford, Vero Beach, Wauchula











What Your Brother Growers Say

A. &. G. FERTILIZERS are used


Mr. H. R. Edmunds, Lees-
burg, Fla. writes:
"I wish to thank you for
your prompt service, also
to express my satisfaction
at always receiving goods
put up in strong new
sacks. The fertilizers I re-
ceive from you have been
uniformly mixed and have
given very satisfactory re-
sults."


by hundreds of your brother
farmers and growers right here in
Florida. We have many letters
from them expressing their satis-
faction with our products and
with our service. What it has
done for other's crops, it will do


for yours. Write for Free Price
List No. 62.



ATLANTIC & GULF FERTILIZER CO.

JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA


These

Better


FertiliePrs

PRODUCE BETTER RESULTS
due to the generous amount of organic Nitrogen (al-
most entirely from Genuine Peruvian Guano) used in
their make-up.
Plan now to use NACO Brand Fertilizers. Results will prove the
wisdom of your choice. Bigger yields of improved quality fruit and
truck will bring added profits.


The College

of

Agriculture

of the

University of

Florida

offers the best training for
Florida boys in all lines of
agricultural production
and leadership.
Four year course leading to
B.S. degree, with special-
ization in Horticulture,
Agronomy, Animal Hus-
bandry, Economics, Ento-
mology, Chemistry, Agri-
cultural Engineering and
Education.
Only College in Southeast
offering full courses in Cit-
rus and Sub-Tropical Fruit
Culture, and in Landscape
Design.
Courses of One Semester,
One Year and Two Years
easily arranged for those
wishing to study technical
agriculture only.
Low expenses for board
and fees.


For catalog
formation,
card to


and full in-
write postal


Dean or (Secretary)

of

College of

Agriculture
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
GAINESVILLE




University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs