Annual report - Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075971/00008
 Material Information
Title: Annual report - Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 29 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida -- Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission
Publisher: Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission.
Place of Publication: Tallahassee
Creation Date: 1979
Frequency: annual
Subjects / Keywords: Wildlife management -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Fishery management -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000349325
oclc - 05513917
notis - ABY7045
lccn - 79644252
issn - 0195-6256
System ID: UF00075971:00008
 Related Items
Preceded by: Report - Florida, Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission

Full Text



July 1, 1979-June 30,1980


,6r JEY
.979/80 ,nvlle

Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission

Vice Chairman, Tampa


West Eau Gallle


Executive Director Assistant Executive Director

~: ~f P"

A------- IB--!S

T he Commission is gove
five members appointed
firmed by the Senate and w
staggered basis. The Executi i
Commission and serves at its
The organizational struct i
eludes the Office of the Exect
Law Enforcement, the Divisi
of Fisheries, the Division of
Office of Environmental Servi
national Services. The Execu i
ministration through the exist
located at Panama City, Lake
West Palm Beach. Each region
manner as to resemble the cen -
on a smaller scale. The purpose ,
serve the grassroots needs of tl
the capability to administer an I
programs and policies of the C(
tions are scattered around the i,
Research Laboratory in Gaines,
search Laboratory in Eustis.
As of June 30, 1980, there
played by the Commission. -------
.-The Florida Game and Fresh ...-, ,u commission
was created as a constitutional agency on January 1, 1943,
and for three decades carried out its programs with rev-
enue derived from the sale of hunting and fishing li-
censes. During the early years, this was appropriate, as
the programs of the agency were primarily directed to
benefit hunters and fishermen. However, the Commission
has become increasingly involved in matters affecting and
benefiting not only the hunter and fisherman but also the
general citizenry; protection, research and management of
nongame species of wildlife; boating safety, civil emer-;
gencies and other general police actions; pollution control


"A true conservationist j
is a man who knows
that the world is
not given by his fathers
but borrowed from
his children."

tns; and development of outdoor rec-

volvement in the outdoor world ex-
the general' public rather than ex-
d fishermen, the Legilature appro-
iue funds to assist in the Commis-
m. The first general revenue funds
1 1973 and have been followed by
to carry out the expanded responsi-
ission. The 1978 Legislature appro-
the purpose of continuation and ex-
rograms that would benefit all at-
and future years. The funds have
as can be ascertained by a review of
accomplishments set forth in this

mission accelerated its' management
id freshwater fisheries resources to
~ fe and fish populations for the rec-
Senefit of the public. Such manage-
: promulgation of codes and regula-
'". of the resource; enforcement of
ons and those provided by Florida
S ement; the development of an en-
S m; research directed toward solv-
-egulation and inspection of wild-
Sons and inspection of wildlife ex-
...... a.uaric vegetation; biological inspection
and reporting of construction and development projects
which could affect fish and wildlife resources and their
habitat; acquisition and development of public recreation
areas; and a conservation information and education pro-
The Commission appreciates the support of the Legis-
lature and sportsmen, and other outdoor-oriented citizens
of the state, and intends to justify that support.

Charting a course

for conservation

Accounting for the

wildlife dollar...

The Division of Administrative Services is in the unique
position of providing support services to all program
functions of the Commission. Support functions include
planning and budgeting, finance and accounting, person-
nel, property maintenance and inventory, purchasing,
and general office operations such as word processing,
central files, mailroom and storeroom. These functions are
carried out through the Director's office, Offices of Fi-
nance and Accounting, Personnel, Purchasing and Office
The Director's office provides overall management and
administration of the Division. Included in the Director's
office are the functions of planning and budgeting and
data processing.
During the fiscal year plans were made for the develop-
ment of internal procedures to strengthen control over the
receipt of revenue and expenditure of Commission funds.
Groundwork was laid for the development of the next
biennial legislative budget request. Also, during the year
preparation was made to install a new computer system
known as MAPPER. This system replaces the unit records
system which has been in operation for a number of years.
In order for a state agency to operate from year to year,
it must be able. to project both revenue and expenditures.
These projections are consolidated into the legislative
budget process for both operations and fixed capital out-
lay. Fiscal 1979-80 was the first year of the 1979-81 bien-
nium. Consequently, no formal legislative budget requests
were required during 1979-80.
During 1979-80 the Commission received lump sum
funding for 77 new positions as a result of the license
increase passed by the 1980 Legislature. A supplemental
budget package was submitted classifying these positions
and specifying how the additional revenue would be
The primary responsibility of the Finance and Account-
ing office is to maintain proper accountability over all rev-
enue and disbursement transactions along with the ac-




counting records which summarize these activities. The
computerized SAMAS accounting system is used to record
financial transactions and to produce reports which com-
municate the results of operations to management.
While the Commission's primary source of revenue is
derived from the sale of licenses and permits to the public,
general revenue appropriations and federal program
funding are also received. These revenues are used to fi-
Snance general operating expenditures, to replace and pur-
chase operating capital outlay items and to fund the Land
Acquisition and Endangered Species programs.
Improved internal control systems have now been im-
plemented throughout the Finance and Accounting office.
Also, better techniques have been formulated to project
the Commission's cash flows and needs to enable the
maximum investment of idle cash resources.
The SAMAS accounting system now updates the ac-
counting records nightly to provide the most current infor-
mation possible for management to direct the agency's
financial activities and programs.
With the closing of the regional revolving funds, all dis-
bursement transactions are now fully preaudited prior to
processing for payment through the Finance and Account-
ing office.
The Personnel office provides support services for
employment, recruitment, equal opportunity/affirmative
action, pay administration, classification, training, insur-
ance, leave maintenance, retirement processing, dis-
ciplinary and promotional coordination, counseling, union
contract administration and in addition, serves as a con-
duit between employees and management.

"Telling your money where to go instead
of wondering where it went. "
Development of new procedures and techniques to keep
up with the procedural requirements of maintaining the
personnel support services for management and em-
ployees has consumed considerable effort of the Personnel
office. The changing rules and laws have required retrain-
ing and reorienting management and employees through
workshops and new procedures. Major studies have been
conducted in the areas of classification and pay, resulting
in a more equitable structure in some areas of the Com-
mission. Efforts are still under way to resolve the remain-
ing inequities. A strong effort has been made to make the
services and assistance provided by the Personnel office
more accessible to the field employees.
The primary goal of the Purchasing office is to achieve
the greatest return for our dollar and provide the best
equipment delivered in a timely manner.
With the redesign of the purchase orders and the
change in the filing system by divisions, filing time and
search time for all divisions were greatly reduced. The
Purchasing office issued 5,500 purchase orders, prepared
and processed 118 legal and formal bids, and processed
336 mobile equipment requests.
Accountability is the primary function of the Property
A complete statewide inventory of the Commission's
property was conducted in the spring of 1980. The credit
card and license tag file was converted from the EDP sys-
tem to storage in the Word Processing Center. This will
allow the storage of information and the generation of
reports at a substantial savings. Plans were made to con-
vert all property records from EDP to a new computer
MAPPER system early in the next fiscal year.
The accommodation of the work of 93 originators is han-
dled by six Center operators through the use of sophis-
ticated magnetic memory equipment. Maintenance of
quality and speed in the accurate production of corre-
spondence and reports of Commission personnel is a
priority of this office.

Since 1978-79, 26 new originators have been added to
the Center's workload; however, the granting of an addi-
tional operator position and a more advanced OS 6 have
somewhat eased the pressure. In the 1,166.46 mandays
worked in 1979-80, each operator averaged 1,551 lines (or
37 pages) of typing each day. More time is being devoted
to the production of special projects than in the past as
originators begin to realize the potential of the Center's
The following offices report to Office Operations Super-
visor: Word Processing Center, Mailroom, Supply Room,
Maintenance, Central Files and Property. Other areas of
responsibility are the switchboard, administering the secu-
rity and custodial contracts and performing the function of
coordinator in many inter-agency matters.
A ramp for the handicapped was constructed at the
Bryant Building. Specifications for bids were drawn up for
the balancing of the air handling system and the exterior
painting of the building. Work began on both projects at
the end of the fiscal year.

July 1, 1979 June 30, 1980

Cash Available at July 1, 1979
After Certification
General Revenue Fund ( T
State Game Trust Fund /
Aquatic Weed Operations \
Federal Program Funds
Total Funds Available c C,
Expenditures and Commitments:
Fisheries Management
Wildlife Management
Law Enforcement
Aquatic Weed Operations
Informational Services
Environmental Services
Administrative Services
Trust Fixed Capital Outlay
Total Expenditures and Commitments
Unencumbered Cash, June 30, 1980

$ 24,540

$ 7,508,675

$ 2,282,015
$ 1,369,284



The goal of the Division of Fisheries is to manage and
produce high quality sport fisheries and a compatible
commercial fishery in Florida's vast acreage of lakes and
streams. Totalling over 3 million acres of lakes and 10
thousand miles of streams, this state holds some of the
world's richest sport fisheries remaining in public domain.
Through the efforts of trained professionals working with
advanced technology and scientific methods, these most
valuable resources will be safeguarded and perpetuated
for the future. It is the philosophy of the biological staff to
manage the state's fisheries on a basis of optimum sus-
tained yield, to maximize recreational benefits and to

assure a quality freshwater fishery for all. Responsible for
a fishing industry worth over three quarters billion dollars
annually and involving nearly four million fishermen, the
Division serves the people through major programs of
habitat restoration for lakes and streams; stocking new
game fishes or replenishing stocks of largemouth bass,
panfishes, and other native species; aquatic vegetation
management; control programs for unwanted exotic fishes
or undesirable species; developmental research and life-
history investigations; general surveys, public access, and
fish attractors; and a never-ending search for new and
better fish management technology.
Efforts continued toward monitoring the status of the
sportfish population in this popular north Florida lake.
Fishermen were not creeled this year, so harvest figures

are not available, but field observation indicates fishing
continues to be good. Bass make up about 15% of the fish
population by weight, and panfish about 60%. Sampling
indicates the lake supports about 625 harvestable-sized
fish weighing 86 pounds, on a per acre basis. The re-intro-
duced threadfin shad, provided as bass forage are doing
Studies of the freshwater gamefish and striped bass
fishery continue.
Sampling demonstrates sportfish comprise 50% of the
fish population by weight. Talquin continues to supply
striped bass brood stock for our hatchery programs. Over
90,000 young stripers were stocked into the reservoir, and
an additional 120,000 were stocked into the Ochlockonee
River below the dam. Creel studies documented an annual
harvest of 14,500 bass, over 15,000 black crappie or specks,
and 52,000 panfish. Information on striped bass move-
ments is being gained using radio transmitters implanted
in the fish.
This program is documenting the effectiveness of sup-
plemental stocking of juvenile bass and radio tracking of
Results of stocking 4-6 inch bass fingerlings into de-
graded lakes in order to increase the number of harvest-
able-sized bass available to fishermen have proved nega-
tive. Radio tagging of bass ranging from 3 to 9 pounds in
size has produced information on extent of home range
and seasonal movement in relation to water temperature.
Evidence indicates that bass outfitted with transmitters
lose weight. Studies using dart tags demonstrated pat-
terns of distribution for bass, with highest numbers in
association with submerged and emergent vegetation, and
high movement into canals adjoining the lake during
spawning season.
Studies of the effects on aquatic life of stocking gras:
carp for vegetation control are close to being completed.
It was discovered that this introduced exotic has beer
reproducing in the Mississippi River system since 1975
Fear of uncontrolled reproduction in Florida's water ha!

Applying sound

research through


management for

the future of fishing

been the core of our conservative approach to using thi
non-native for biological vegetation control. The Divisio
of Fisheries is now working with a hybrid of the grass car
and bighead carp, which is sexually sterile. The hybrid ha
been stocked in several experimental lakes to determine
vegetation control capability and impacts on native fishe!
So far, it appears the fish will utilize many types of aquati
vegetation after reaching a size of about 8-10 inches. Thi
is the preferred size to stock to prevent predation by nm
tive gamefish.

This program is designed to improve fishing by the in-
troduction of new gamefish species.
Again this year, more than 100,000 acres of public water
were stocked with sunshine bass. Much progress was
made in cage-culture of snook with the production of
more than 3,000 one-inch fish. Survival in freshwater
hatchery ponds after a 6-week grow-out period was about
78%. Fingerlings were stocked into several experimental
lakes in south Florida to assess growth rate and survival.
So far, as in past years, growth of stocked fingerlings has
occurred at a rate of about an inch per month. Survival
has been variable, from low in some ponds to greater than
90% in others.
This program documents environmental changes affect-
ing habitat quality and fisheries of the Oklawaha River
Two years after the pumpdown and refill of Lake Carl-
ton, creel studies showed that total harvest of fish in-
creased by a factor of 15 times over pre-drawdown figures.
A very high harvest of sunshine bass (4.45 per acre) was
also experienced. Information is being collected on the
survival rate, food habits and body condition of young-of-
the-year largemouth bass in lakes of the Oklawaha Chain.
This program is documenting factors affecting the fish-
ery and ecology of the entire river system.

is s
n -

f"/// The only true
/' democracy in the
/ world is experienced
S/ when a man is
fishing-all men are
equal before fishes."
Monitoring of bass tournaments indicated some excel-
lent bass fishing remains in the river, but this past year
has also seen a number of pollution-caused fish kills in the
upper river. One of them was massive, involving more
than 10 million fish of all kinds throughout a six-mile
stretch of river between Lake Jessup and Lake Hamey.
Over 840,000 striped bass were stocked in the river this
past spring and will produce some exciting fishing. Sever-
al endangered shortnose sturgeon were captured and re-
leased alive back to the river, and a number of American
shad were caught which had been tagged seven to eight
months earlier and released into the Bay of Fundy, New
Brunswick, Canada.
This program conducts ecological investigations on the
fisheries and stream systems of northern Florida.
Sunshine bass have been, for 3 years, stocked at the rate
of 200 400,000 per year in the Escambia River. Some of
these striped bass hybrids have grown to a size of three to
five pounds, and, so far, five of them have been outfitted
with radio transmitters in order to determine where they
spehd their time in the river, estuary and bay system. An
intensive ecological survey of the Yellow River is being
accomplished, and project staff are preparing a report on
the rivers of Florida.
This program identifies fish species which are rare or
endangered by virtue of limited habitat, distribution or
During the past year, important information was
obtained on the shoal bass, a "species of special concern"
in the Chipola River. Work also continues on a Recovery
Plan for the endangered Okaloosa darter, a small fish- (2
inches maximum) limited in distribution to six small
streams in Okaloosa and Walton counties.
This program monitors exotic fishes which have become
established in state waters, determines what environ-
mental factors might limit their spread, and attempts to
define impacts on native fish and habitat.
Studies have been completed on determining lethal
water temperatures which limit the northward spread of
14 species of exotics, as have studies on predator-prey
relationships between largemouth bass and blue tilapia. A
substantial, specialized library on exotic fish has been
established, and improvements in the research facilities
are continuing.

This central facility houses staff and lab facilities for pro-
grams studying largemouth bass, ecology of the Oklawaha
and St. Johns Rivers, grass carp and hybrids, commercial
fisheries, and a modem chemistry lab.
The chemistry lab provides services statewide to all field
programs, for analysis of water samples, nutrient limita-
tions in fish management lakes, analysis of fish tissues for
toxins and nutrient content and analysis of aquatic soils. It
also serves as an educational facility for tours of local
school and civic groups, and provides limited extension
work to pond owners.
Five regional fish management teams throughout the
state provide routine services such as investigating and
reporting fish kills, stocking public waters, giving tech-
nical services to private pond owners, maintaining public
boat ramps and piers and making presentations to citizen
and sportsmen groups.
Also these teams implement management strategies on
lakes and streams to improve habitat for fish populations,
provide new fishing areas, maintain state-owned fishing
lakes and assess stocking programs with creel surveys and
population sampling.
South Region
A total of 182,000 sunshine bass were stocked in 24
lakes throughout the region. Response from sportsmen
indicated good fishing success. Aquatic plants such as
southern bullrush were successfully transplanted in Lakes
Thonotosassa, Parker, Walk-in-Water and Henry to
improve food and cover areas for gamefish. Positive
effects of hydrilla in Lakes Parker and Hunter were
demonstrated. Largemouth bass in Lake Hunter increased
from less than one bass/acre to over 40 bass/acre. Creel
surveys showed improved fishing success in Lake Parker.
Northeast Region
Santa Fe and Suwannee River fish population
investigations indicated high quality fisheries in both
streams. The Santa Fe appears unchanged since 1972
while in the Suwannee, catch per unit effort and percent
weight of sport fish have increased. Lakes in Camp Bland-
ing were blocknetted and found to support an average of
28 pounds of fish/acre and to be forage deficient. This
knowledge, along with sunshine bass growth investi-
gations, led to the commencement of programs to stock
additional forage species in northeast region lakes. Seven
lakes received new year classes of sunshine bass. Santa Fe
Lake was the only lake added to the program, bringing
the total to 17 lakes stocked in the northeast region.
Northwest Region
A three-year study was completed on Lake Munson. It
was concluded that this hyper-eutrophic lake could not
support a self-sustaining balanced gamefish population
even though the management technique of employing a
major drawdown was implemented. As long as nutrient-
rich discharges from sewage-treatment plants and storm-
water runoff are allowed to continue, the lake will remain
in a degraded state. The Apalachicola River creel pro-
grams confirmed a quality sunshine bass fishery has been
established with the most productive area being immedi-
ately below the Jim Woodruff Dam. Major increases were
noted in the harvest of these gamefish during 1980. The
majority of sunshine bass harvested were 19 inches or
larger and the most frequent size taken in 1980 averaged
five pounds. In addition, catfish were found to signifi-
cantly contribute to the river fishery. Erosion control pro-
grams, fertilization and seeding of dikes on state-owned

lakes were completed. A summertime drawdown was
very successful in controlling submerged aquatic weeds in
Lake Stone. Preliminary findings indicate positive results
from a liming and liquid fertilization program initiated on
Karick Lake.
Everglades Region
Three research ponds demonstrated snook survival
rates of 8, 50, and 91 percent. Growth rates of young
snook was approximately one inch per month. Average
weight of recovered snook was one pound at 12 months,
one and one-half pounds at 15 months and three pounds
at 24 months. This program is proceeding with additional
research ponds stocked to evaluate higher stocking of
snook in small impoundments. Sunshine bass fishermen
are enjoying excellent success in capturing this hybrid
from Lake Osborne in Palm Beach County. Five aquatic
plant species were transplanted for habitat enhancement.
Pickerel weed and southern bullrush exhibited excellent
survival and expansion.
Central Region
Although Hurricane David severely altered the experi-
mental drawdown on Fox Lake in Brevard County, hy-
drilla was reduced from lakeside coverage to less than
one acre. Lake Davis, an urban lake in Orlando, was re-
stored from a muck-filled lake into an aesthetic, pro-
ductive lake. Cooperative efforts between the City of
Orlando and the Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission
has resulted in improved water quality, an urban fishery
and restored usage of the lake. Stocking of sunshine bass
in the Central Region has proved to be a very successful
program. Fishermen reports from Lakes Yale, Davis,
Harris, Howell and the Winter Park Chain are
encouraging. Fish stocked in Lake Davis following the
lake restoration showed an improved length-weight rela-
tionship over fish stocked prior to the restoration and pro-
vide a quality, urban fishing experience.
Progress of a routine nature include: (1) investigation and
reporting of approximately 100 fish kills; (2) stocking of 340
water bodies consisting of over 165,000 acres with over 3
million fish; (3) a major restocking program for Lake Apopka
utilizing 0.75 million sunshine bass; (4) providing technical
assistance to over 1,000 private pond owners; (5) inspecting
and maintaining nearly 300 Commission-owned ramps lo-
cated throughout the state, and; (6) making over 50 pre-
sentations to sportsmen and civic groups regarding Com-
mission programs.
This program provides coordination between the
Commission and other agencies for lake improvement and
improved fishing in the waters of the state. Lake restora-
tion, habitat improvement and water level manipulation
programs come under this project.
Planning and coordination for lake improvements with
state fishery biologists and other agencies is an ongoing
process. Noted accomplishments include establishment of
desirable vegetation, water fluctuation, and lake draw-
downs. Successful restoration programs were conducted
on Lake Tohopekaliga in Osceola County and Fox Lake in
Brevard County with improved sportfisheries and/or
aquatic habitat. Restoration projects in planning or early
initiation stages include South Lake in Brevard County,
Jacksonville urban ponds, and Lake Talquin in Gadsden/
Leon counties.
The role of the Richloam Fish Hatchery located in
Sumter County and the Blackwater, Fish Hatchery in Santa
Rosa County is to provide fingerling fish for stocking new
waters and supplementally stocking lakes and streams
where fish stocking is on a sound biological basis. The

hatcheries serve also as sites where culture techniques
may be developed and controlled experiments performed.
The hatcheries stocked 3,199,815 juvenile fishes into 340
water bodies comprising 165,919 acres in 49 countries.
Sunshine bass were a major contribution, there being
2,075,373 of them put into 75 lakes and three rivers. Lakes
Santa Fe, Apopka and Reedy were significant additions to
the sunshine program and Lakes Parker and Blue Cypress
were reinstated. Richloam processed 35 million eggs and
11 million larval fry and utilized cooperative rearing by the
Welaka National Fish Hatchery. Welaka complemented
the Division's hatcheries by stocking 816,000 striped bass
Into the St. Johns River and 120,000 into the Ochlockonee
During the autumn of 1980, 160,000 new fingerling
grass carp hybrids were obtained from Arkansas. Morph-
ology studies and growth and food conversion tests for
alternative feeds were conducted simultaneously with
their rearing.
A very successful pilot rearing of snook was undertaken
for the first time at the freshwater production hatcheries.
Eight hundred, four-inch snook were reared from 1,000
three-quarter inch fry during a six-week growth period.
This project is designed to develop plans and coordinate
construction projects within the Division. Damage on ex-
isting Division of Fisheries structures such as boat ramps,
dams and buildings is repaired.
Richloam Fish Hatchery had two new ponds installed,
the water reservoir expanded, and a new well and pump
installed. Blackwater Fish Hatchery had a new well, pump
and reservoir built to replace the old reservoir that washed
out in January 1978. Game and Fresh Water Fish
Commission lakes throughout the state have been in-
spected and the necessary improvements on dams, spill-
ways, etc. have been completed. Commission boat ramps,
needing major repairs have been corrected.
This program is designed to provide man-made
structures in public lakes that concentrate fish and make
fishing easier and more successful. This is the third year of
a five-year project to place 150 structures in lakes through-
out Florida.
A total of 31 structures were made in 16 different lakes
in 1979-80. These were distributed throughout the state.
Hardwood brush was the most commonly used material.
A couple of stake bed structures were installed and tires
were combined with brush in a few lakes. Results
reported by fishermen ranged from good to exceptional.
This program is designed to expand our knowledge of
lake management and extend the productive recreational
and aesthetic life-span of selected lakes. The water level
manipulation process has been implemented on Lakes
Tohopekaliga and Kissimmee. The technique is most
effective in combating eutrophication brought about by
stabilized water levels and increased watershed devel-
Fish population responses following the 1979 Lake
Tohopekaliga drawdown were positive. Harvestable large-
mouth bass were equal to pre-drawdown estimates and
good reproduction reversed the trend noted in 1978, when
the year-class was a near failure. Also, black crappie esti-
mates (pounds) for vegetated areas were the highest for

any sampling period on record.
The largemouth bass tagging program was continued
through 1980, and an additional 1500 fish were tagged in
the spring. Data for the first twelve months showed return
rates at about 15% and live releases approximately 18%.
Age and growth rate data will be compiled as the program
Project personnel became involved in an attempt to
eliminate waste water discharges from sewage treatment
plants within the Lake Tohopekaliga and Shingle Creek
drainage basins. At this time, a tentative schedule for
compliance has been met by Orange County and the cities
of St. Cloud and Kissimmee.
The future for fishermen on Lake Kissimmee looks
bright. Angler effort for the harvest of largemouth bass
and black crappie was the highest reported since 1974.
The quality habitat achieved by the 1977 extreme draw-
down has created a fishery which should sustain optimum
yields for at least five years.
A liberalized commercial fishery on Lake Okeechobee
entitled the Okeechobee Fisheries Utilization and Manage-
ment Program (OFUMP) was developed by the
Commission and implemented on October 15, 1976. For
four years this program has provided for the commercial
removal and sale of all species of freshwater fish with the
exception of largemouth bass and chain and redfin
pickerel. In addition to trotlines and wire traps which
were the traditionally used commercial gear on the lake,
this program has permitted the use of 50-foot otter trawls
and haul seines up to 1600 yards in length. The goal of the
program is wise utilization of a renewable fishery resource
with spin-off benefits of nutrient removal and improved
growth rates of some gamefish populations.
Approximately 7.7 million pounds of fish were har-
vested during the fourth year since implementation of
OFUMP representing a dockside value of more than 3 mil-
lion dollars with a cash flow to the South Florida regional
economy of 6.3 million dollars. Since implementation,
some 29.5 million pounds of fish have been harvested and
more than 18 million dollars generated for local business.
The average annual commercial harvest represents the
removal of approximately 9% of the phosphorus and 4%
of the nitrogen annually trapped in the lake.
Data collected through creel surveys to monitor sport-
fishing effort and harvest indicate sportfishing during the
past year was the best ever recorded with an estimated
1,008,103 hours of effort expended. Total sportfishing har-
vest exceeded 1,150,310 fish. Sportfishing effort for large-
mouth bass rivaled that for black crappie for the first time.
Lake Okeechobee has become nationally recognized for its
largemouth bass fishing and become a favorite on the bass
tournament circuit. Three-day bass tournament records
were set in 1977 on Lake Okeechobee for most fish caught,
highest total weight of fish caught and highest individual
total weight. Records of most numbers of fish caught and
highest total weight were made again in 1978 in Lake
Commission personnel maintain a constant biological
monitoring of fish population and continuing evaluation
of law enforcement and public relation aspects of OFUMP.
These efforts ensure the adequate protection of Lake Okee-
chobee fish resources while no undue hardship is
sustained by any given individual or group. Significant
improvement of gamefish condition and growth has been
documented and overall fish populations have exhibited
substantial improvement over pre-program conditions.
This program is designed to expand our knowledge of

the inland commercial fisheries of the state and to provide
necessary information for management of these fisheries.
A plan for meeting the overall goals of this program was
developed and implementation of the various program
phases begun. Activity consisted of organizing catch and
effort data reporting from commercial fish dealers and
from holders of fishing permits, implementation of re-
source assessment for commercial fish stocks, and an
evaluation of the effects of various commercial fishing gear
and methods.
This new project is designed to review the scope and
status of the aquaculture industry in Florida. Various
aspects of the industry will be monitored including: the
production of food fish, the tropical aquarium trade, and
hatcheries for exotic species. Fiscal year 1980-81 will be the
first complete year of existence for this program.
Input is being obtained from various industry repre-
sentatives to best determine the Commission's role in
assisting in the development of the aquaculture industry.
Technical assistance is being provided to aquaculturists in
order to protect Florida's native fish populations from in-
advertent releases of exotic fishes.
Since 1952, the Commission has continued to provide
the fisherman and hunter access to prime waters through
the water hyacinth control program. The major goal of the
program is to maintain water hyacinth population at the
lowest possible level using E.P.A. approved herbicides on
a continuous basis.

Water hyacinths were maintained at an acceptable level
in 346 bodies of water. A total of 13,875 acres of water
hyacinths were treated by Commission personnel during
The program's objective is to maintain established hy-
drilla infestations below problem levels and to provide im-
proved fishing access for fishermen in the more heavily
invested lakes.
Approximately 100 miles of boat trails were maintained
through herbicide treatments in Orange Lake and Lake
Lockloosa. The Commission, during this period, treated
over 718 acres of hydrilla and 801 acres of minor plants to
open additional boat trails and fishing access areas in 30
bodies of water.
The aquatic plant control permitting system, imple-
mented in 1972, is designed to provide the Commission a
method of reviewing the aquatic weed control programs
being implemented by both public agencies and private
companies. The effect these programs are having on fish
and wildlife resources is closely scrutinized.
During this reporting period, 373 permits were issued
statewide for weed control operations. The permitting
program was developed to allow inspectors to monitor
aquatic plant management activities and prevent excessive
damage to the aquatic habitat brought about by large-scale
spraying operations.
The Commission provides an extension service recom-
mending the control of undesirable aquatic vegetation

using approved herbicides or water management tech-
niques. The service is available to all county, municipal,
flood control, drainage districts or other agencies involved
in aquatic vegetation management as well as the private
Personnel stationed at the five regional offices handled
more than 2,000 requests for assistance during the year.
Recommendations ranged from chemical control to water
level manipulation or mechanical harvesting, depending
on the nature and extent of the problem.
Staff biologists stationed at the Eustis Fisheries Research
Laboratory are conducting investigations on the triploid
grass carp hybrid in the following areas: determining food

preference of various size fish, developing techniques to
collect fish utilizing standard sampling gear, monitoring
water quality in four demonstration areas, documenting
changes in aquatic vegetation composition in four urban
lakes stocked with hybrids for vegetation control and
developing stocking rates for various aquatic plant species
and/or lake types.
Preliminary results indicate that hybrid grass carp feed
on hydrilla, chara, southern naiad, filamentous algae and
Four lakes ranging from 1.8 acres to 100 acres have been
stocked or partially stocked. The environmental para-
meters being monitored include water quality, phytoplank-
ton, zooplankton, macrophytes, benthic invertebrates and
fish populations.

A foundation for the perpetuation

Sof all wildlife .


The Division of Wildlife is charged with the develop-
ment and implementation of wildlife management
practices to ensure the perpetuation of Florida's diverse
wildlife. Degradation and loss of habitat and growing de-
mands for access to wildlife resources, dictate that the
Division undertake its responsibilities with a firm base of
scientific facts. Inventories of wildlife populations, basic
and applied wildlife research, and monitoring of wildlife
harvests are some of the means employed. The Division
administers the largest system of public hunting areas in
the United States. It also devoted increased attention to
endangered and nongame wildlife species during the
1979-80 year.
In a continuing effort to provide public hunting, the
Division administers Type I and Type II wildlife manage-
ment areas. The Type I program is comprised of 4,845,661
acres in 46 areas. A permit is required for these areas; the
funds from the sale of the permits are used for habitat
management and other maintenance activities. In addi-
tion, the Division cooperates with four landowners in the
1,213,285-acre Type II system. These lands belong to Buck-

eye Cellulose Corporation, Southwest Forest Industries,
Inc., Gillman Paper Company and the U.S. Air Force. The
landowners require permits for hunting; the Commission
offers law enforcement and technical assistance. The Type
II program is designed to encourage landowners to open
their land to public hunting.
During the 1979-80 season, hunters spent 1,020,181
man-days hunting on lands of the Type I system. A total
of $300,000 was distributed to private landowners partici-
pating in the program. More than one-third of the Type I
lands is in private ownership, with the balance being state
and federal lands. Over 40,000 hunters also purchased
permits from private landowners to hunt on Type II wild-
life management areas.
The division has responsibility for the management of
nearly five million acres of land in 46 wildlife management
"May those who follow hear the call
of the old bobwhite in spring and fall."

Twenty biologists, two wildlife management specialist
supervisors and twenty-four wildlife management special-
ists direct the majority of their time to the maintenance,
development and administration of wildlife management
Habitat management completed this year on wildlife
management areas included control burning 190,500 acres
and planting 49,000 mast-producing tree seedlings and
857 acres of wildlife food plots. Waterfowl impoundments
at Guana River, Aucilla and Avon Park wildlife manage-
ment areas were maintained and managed for public
hunting and fishing. A total of 342 quail feeders and 19
turkey feeders was maintained. Three hundred five wood
duck nesting boxes were maintained and checked for pro-
ductivity and 150 new nesting boxes were constructed and
Bird dog field trials were conducted on the Cecil M.
Webb, Citrus and Blackwater wildlife management areas
as part of a continuing program to provide field trial loca-
tions around the state.
The abomasal parasite sampling project continued on
white-tailed deer this year. A total of 675 abomasal sam-
ples were collected from deer harvested on 36 wildlife
management areas and an additional 211 samples were
taken from private tracts. The parasite count is utilized to
determine the population status of a deer herd in relation
to the carrying capacity of deer for an area. The parasitic
count played a large part in the setting of antlerless hunts
.on several private tracts of land and the Joe Budd and Bull
Creek wildlife management areas during the year. The
division anticipates developing a sound program of deer
management over the next five years, utilizing either-sex
hunts to control population levels and herd productivity.
Work continued on the preparation of manage-
ment plans for the Corbett and Webb wildlife management
areas. These plans will provide guidance on wildlife, tim-
ber and water management and regulation of recreational
activities on the areas.
White-tailed deer are the most popular big game animal
in Florida. With Florida's deer population now standing at
roughly 600,000 animals, there is an increasing number of
complaints from property owners with respect to deer
depredations on crops. Others have expressed concern
that deer are becoming too numerous and are requesting
assistance in management.
The Division has responded with a program to investi-
gate complaints regarding deer damage. If remedial action
is needed, it is usually necessary to remove some portion
of the female population. Investigations by wildlife biolo-
gists include an inventory of the deer herd on the affected
area. Requests from landowners with holdings of more
than 355,000 acres were investigated in 1979-80. With the
Executive Director's approval, the Division furnishes to the
landowner the authorized number of identifying tags for
antlerless deer to be taken. Commission personnel are
granted access to collect biological specimens and data on
antlerless deer taken under this program.
Bureau of Wildlife Resources biologists investigate
numerous requests from farmers and citrus grove owners
regarding damages inflicted by white-tailed deer. Division
staff also handles requests and complaints from the public
concerning blackbirds, treefrog choruses, woodpeckers on
houses, snakes, raccoons, foxes, and others. Complaints
requiring further action or immediate involvement are
handled personally by appropriate Bureau of Wildlife Re-
sources biologists.

During 1979-80, biologists from the Bureau of Wildlife
Resources spent 475 man-days investigating and handling
various nuisance animal complaints throughout the state.
The vast majority of the complaints came from people in
the Everglades and South regions. The Division also re-
ceived many requests from farmers and grove owners in
the Northwest, Northeast and Central regions with regard
to crop depredation by deer. Most of these requests were
resolved by recommending a harvest of a segment of the
doe population in that particular area during the regular
hunting season.
A thriving population of alligators in Florida has re-
sulted in human safety concerns, loss of domestic animals
and reduction of recreational use of areas where large alli-
gators are present. The Commission conducted an experi-
mental alligator control program during 1977 and 1978 in
the Northeast Region to test a control method using con-
tracted trappers to capture nuisance alligators.
The statewide nuisance alligator control program was
initiated May 10, 1978. Private individuals were enlisted to
be responsible for removal of problem alligators under
direction and supervision of Division of Wildlife biolo-
gists. The contracted agents are compensated by a per-
centage of the proceeds from the sale of skins of the alli-
gators they have taken. The Commission retains a small
portion to help defray administrative expenses. The pro-
gram has been effective in removing potentially dangerous
alligators and, to date, has run smoothly and according to
plan. There are 55 alligator trappers working under special
agreement with the Commission. For the 1979 calendar
year, 4,639 complaints were received and 2,486 permits
were issued to remove 1,679 alligators.
Florida is a leading state in cattle production with nearly
five million acres devoted to rangeland and pastures. The
effect of grazing on wildlife and wildlife habitat has been
little studied, but the importance of such lands to wildlife
should increase as Florida's human population expands.
Division personnel hopes to develop recommendations on
appropriate grazing practices to benefit wildlife and max-
imize, as far as possible, the productivity of rangeland for
a particular species.
Currently, the Division is concentrating its efforts on the
Cecil M. Webb Wildlife Management Area in cooperation
with the Florida Division of Corrections and the U.S. Soil
Conservation Service. The joint effort is an attempt to de-
termine the cattle grazing pressure on grasslands most
compatible with bobwhite quail populations.
Florida, with its vast wetland acreage, could well be-
come a more prominent waterfowl state. Efforts to de-
velop waterfowl areas through impoundment, acquisition
and improvement, controlled burning, water quality
manipulation, water level fluctuations, protection and
supplemental planting are part of a new program resulting
from the new Florida waterfowl stamp. The Waterfowl
Advisory Committee lends assistance to the direction of
the management program.
During 1979-80, a statewide waterfowl management
biologist was named to head the waterfowl management
project. Since his employment, 18 areas throughout the
state have been evaluated with respect to their waterfowl
potential. A waterfowl management plan for the Hickory
Mound Impoundment has been developed and improve-

ments to that area have been made.
Contacts have been initiated with the South Florida Wa-
ter Management District in an effort to develop water-
fowl-oriented recreational opportunities in and around
Lake Okeechobee. Steps have been taken to secure the
Bulow Marsh (Volusia County) as a public waterfowl
hunting area. Other existing areas such as Guana River
Wildlife Management Area, the Everglades Conservation
Areas and the Arbuckle Marsh on Avon Park Wildlife
Management Area are being assessed for waterfowl im-
Wildlife research addresses management problems of
Florida wildlife with emphasis on game, furbearers and
endangered species. Staff biologists, at the Wildlife Re-
search Laboratory in Gainesville and at outlying field sta-
tions, study wild turkeys, black bear, feral hogs, alligators,
waterfowl, seaside sparrows, woodpeckers, and many
other important wildlife species.
An intensive survey to determine the size and distribu-
tion of the remaining dusky seaside sparrow population
revealed only four males. Six males are all that remain of a
subspecies once abundant in the marshes of the St. Johns
River and Merritt Island. At present, five dusky seaside
sparrows, the most endangered bird in the United States,
are in captivity at the Wildlife Research Laboratory and are
being held until sperm storage techniques are developed.
No additional waterfowl hunting areas will be closed to
lead shot during the 1980-81 season. This decision was
based on the results of last season's statewide duck giz-
zard survey. Approximately 10% of the ducks examined
carried at least one ingested lead shot. High ingestion
rates continue to exist in a number of areas already des-
ignated for use of steel shot only.
A study was initiated to assess the effects of lead on
ringnecked ducks, the state's most important game duck,
which is particularly prone to ingest shot. More than 150
ringnecks were collected from November to March. The
results of tissue analyses will provide insight into the
effects of lead on wild birds during the course of their stay
in the state.
A method to distinguish out-of-state from resident
wood ducks using blood parasites is being refined. Several
thousand blood smears were collected from wood ducks
throughout the Atlantic flyway. Experiments on captive
infected wood ducks will be conducted at the Gainesville
lab to complete the last phase of improving the technique.
Results may provide a basis for establishing a special early
wood duck season in Florida.
Continuing investigations of the American crocodile
have documented the importance of northern Key Largo
to the survival of this endangered species. Annual nesting
of five to seven crocodiles comprises approximately one-
third of all known nesting by this species in the United
States. Based in part upon the results of this study, the
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has established Crocodile
Lake National Wildlife Refuge on Key Largo.
Furbearer research has focused on the reproductive biol-
ogy of otters and bobcats and development of methods for
monitoring furbearer population trends. An effort was
also made to improve methods for determining the age of
otters and bobcats. Population studies showed that otters
and bobcats remain widespread in Florida and that their
status is currently secure.
Alligator population dynamics studies continued on
Orange Lake. Nesting on the lake was monitored during
the summer of 1980 with 82 nests being located and mon-
itored. In addition, hatchling and yearling mortality was
monitored by tagging and recapturing pods of young alli-
gators. Preliminary indications are that hatchability of

nests may be lower this season with from 36% to 40% of
nests hatching compared to 46% during 1979. Hatchling
survivorship appears to be high with up to 50% of 1979
hatchlings surviving.
This was the final year of a division effort to restore
brown pelicans to Louisiana. A total of 1,321 nestling peli-
cans has been shipped from Florida colonies to Louisiana
and two colony sites have been established. Nesting be-
gan at the first site in 1971 and at the second in 1978. This
year over 200 young pelicans will be produced from these
two restored sites. Annual surveys show that breeding
sites in Florida are producing at normal rates.
Research on feral hogs continued in three study areas.
Two hundred twenty-six hogs captured in the Fisheating
Creek Refuge were weighed and measured and ectopara-
sites and blood samples were taken. Stomachs of 93 hogs
were analyzed for food habits. Thirteen hogs in the Cor-
bett Wildlife Management Area and nine hogs in the Ever-
glades Wildlife Management Area were tracked by radio
to determine differences in dispersal and survival of resi-
dent versus stocked hogs.
The Florida Panther Record Clearinghouse received 139
panther records from within Florida. The total number of
records filed in the Clearinghouse is 1,056. Ninety-eight of
the 139 reports were investigated. Conclusive panther sign
was found in three new areas this year; the Bear Island
Unit of the Big Cypress National Preserve in Collier Coun-
ty, Fisheating Creek Refuge in Glades County and the
George Milicevic Ranch in Hendry County. Two panthers
were killed by automobiles on Highway 29 just north of
Alligator Alley and south of Sunniland in Collier County.
One was a 78-pound adult female and the other a 111-
pound young adult male.
Major objectives of a long-term wild turkey study have
been achieved, providing information on research and
management techniques, reproductive biology and be-
havior, vulnerability to hunting and a number of minor
topics. These data are being analyzed in preparation of a
technical bulletin. During the study that began in 1966,
more than 400 turkeys have been radio-tracked, primarily
in Alachua and Glades counties, and over 3,000 turkeys
have been captured and examined for other research pur-
poses. Biologists working on this study have received
awards on four occasions for outstanding research pub-
lications and received three awards for general excellence
in research and management.
A quota hunt system was employed to limit the number
of hunters in Florida wildlife management areas during
the first nine days of the hunting season and during spe-
cial hunt periods.
During 1979-80, 61,600 quota hunt permits were
available. Of this number, 54,540 (89%) were issued. For
the first time, Salt Springs hunting permits were made
available through the quota hunt office. These 36 hunts,
combined with the 28 special hunts, more than doubled
the special hunting permit load for the quota hunt office.
A total of 6,570 special and 2,400 Salt Springs permits
were available. Six thousand, three hundred twenty-nine
(96%) special permits and 2,235 (93%) Salt Springs permits
were issued. The number of special hunts available and
the number of permits issued for these hunts was a four
year record.
Most quota hunt applicants received permits within a
week of receipt of their applications in the quota hunt
office. A primary objective of quota hunt personnel was to
process a day's mail and send out permits the same day
that application requests were received. Correspondence
and information disbursements regarding hunting on
management areas were handled in a systematic way so as

to'improve hunter understanding.
Increased interest in hunting on specific management
areas was witnessed during the 1979-80 season in such
areas as Ocala and Aucilla. Quotas on 26 management
areas were filled. A total of 35 management area quota
hunts filled. More hunts filled (and more hunts filled ear-
lier) than in the previous four years.
Another policy change was made during the 1979-80
season regarding the quota hunt. The Everglades Wildlife
Management Area was omitted from the quota system (ex-
cept for those persons wishing to hunt with vehicles in
Conservation Area 3, north of Alligator Alley). The pre-
vious year, a quota of 5,000 was set for this area; however,
pressure to hunt in this area was proportionally low. Elim-
inating the quota on this area reduced the workload in the
quota hunt office.
Surveys are conducted annually to determine hunter
numbers, hunter success and to provide an estimate of
total harness of game species.
Two major mail surveys were conducted. A statewide
mail survey of a four percent random sample of licensed
hunters provided estimates on hunter pressure and wild-
life harvest on a statewide basis. A wildlife management
area mail survey of a 25 percent random sample of hunters
who purchased management area stamps provided esti-
mates of hunter pressure and harvest on management
areas. The management area survey is also used to calcu-
late landowner lease payments.
Much of the Endangered Species Program is carried out
within the scope of an Endangered Species Cooperative
Agreement between the Commission and the U.S. Fish
and Wildlife Service. The program consists of research,
Recovery Plan implementation, information/education,
and coordination.
Ten full-time and three contracted endangered species
specialists are now assigned to the program. Added this
year were (1) a study of the two threatened Florida butter-
flies (the Schaus and Bahamas swallowtails), (2) devel-
opment and implementation of a rating system for the
endangered and threatened lists, (3) an Okaloosa darter
project to determine limiting factors and to reestablish it in
areas where it has been extirpated, (4) a project to reestab-
lish the whooping crane in Florida, (5) an indigo snake
status survey and habitat utilization study, (6) a black-
mouth shiner status survey, and (7) a study to determine
the impacts of highway construction and maintenance on
endangered species.
Completed were the Pine barrens tree frog status sur-
vey, the dusky seaside, sparrow project, the shoal bass
status survey and the American alligator project.
Florida's Everglades continues to attract people. But,
without a plan for development, the rich habitat and wild-
life resource could be lost forever. The Everglades Recrea-
tion staff concentrates its efforts on developing, operating
and maintaining the area for the use, enjoyment, appre-
ciation and learning by the public. This mission ranges
from habitat preservation and improvement to planning
and construction of recreational facilities in keeping with
the heritage of the area.

A water level evaluation in the conservation areas was
completed and recommendations for changes in water re-
gime to provide optimum benefits for a wide range of

wildlife were submitted to the South Florida Water Man-
agement District and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.
As a result of earlier work completed by the Project, three
internal water control structures to improve distribution of
water were installed in the conservation areas. Funding
was received and planning was completed for the con-
struction of a target range for public use on Marcum Park
in Broward County. After nearly a decade of disappoint-
ing results in the control of the melaleuca tree, which is
rapidly displacing native vegetation in the Everglades,
there appears to be significant progress in developing an
effective control method. Two chemicals, out of dozens
tested, seemed to be effective in controlling melaleuca;
Banzel 720, manufactured by the Velsicol Corporation and
Spike, manufactured by the Ulanco Corporation.
Everglades Recreation staff, working with the Florida
Division of Forestry, burned approximately 40,000 acres in
the Everglades area this year.
Work continued on monitoring wading bird populations
in Conservation Area 3. Emphasis was placed this year on
gathering data concerning nesting success of the great
egret at Andytown East Rookery. Data gathered included
egg clutch size, numbers hatched, mortality of chicks,
growth rate of chicks, and food habits. The rookery con-
tains great egrets by the thousands. Large populations of
herons and anhingas bring the total population of the
rookery to 10,000 birds.
Six feral hogs fitted with radio telemetry transmitters
were released in Conservation Area 3 north of Alligator
Alley. These hogs were tracked to determine movements,
home ranges and dispersal patterns. Dispersal of hogs
determined thus far is generally less than two miles from
their release site. The study should yield movement infor-
mation and data on habitat preference of the feral hog in
the Everglades.

The Cornerstone

of Conservation



Florida's 35 million acres of land and water support an
incredibly rich variety of wildlife and freshwater
aquatic life. The Division of Law Enforcement is the "sen-
tinel" charged with safeguarding this wildlife treasure
from those who would selfishly abuse it. Protection is ac-
complished through the preventive patrol of woodlands,
lakes and rivers, and by apprehension and arrest of
persons violating conservation and environmental laws.
The Division's diverse responsibilities include the enforce-
ment of hunting, fishing and littering laws as well as the
regulation of Florida's expanding wildlife industry. Other
responsibilities include the enforcement of endangered
species laws, boating safety regulations and the main-
tenance of public order during natural and civil
emergencies. More than five million acres of wildlife man-
agement areas open to public hunting, hiking, camping,
birdwatching and picnicking must also be patrolled so
these lands may be adequately protected and maintained
for public access. The Division must also patrol environ-
mentally endangered lands and assist other public
agencies directly or indirectly concerned with conservation
and enforcement of Florida laws. The Division has state-

"Never has the world owed so
much to so few."
wide responsibility as search and rescue coordinator
under Florida's Disaster Preparedness Plan.
Anywhere you find wildlife you will find a Florida
wildlife officer. To most Floridians, wildlife officers are
the most visible symbol of conservation-in-action. From
the mangrove rookeries islands of the Keys to the hard-
wood hammocks of the Panhandle, Florida wildlife offi-
cers may be found patrolling with watercraft, swamp
buggies and other specialized equipment to protect our
fish and wildlife resources. This highly trained select force
is responsible for uniform patrol of Florida's 35 million
acres of land and water 24 hours a day, seven days a
week. Although primarily charged with the enforcement
of wildlife and environmental laws, wildlife officers on
patrol offer a substantial degree of general law enforce-
ment protection to citizens and landowners of rural and
wilderness areas.
The evolution of the Florida wildlife officer into one of
the most professional law enforcement officers in the
nation has not occurred by accident. Officers are provided
with the most sophisticated technical training and
equipment available to enable them to handle any even-
tuality. Last year wildlife "field guides" were provided to
each officer in order to increase their familiarity and
identification skills with nongame and endangered wild-
life. This year new programs and equipment have made

Florida wildlife officers more efficient and effective than
It has been an exciting year for the Division of Law
Enforcement. Although there were many twists and
bumps along the "energy trail," we have tried to face each
problem squarely, with a positive attitude. Traditional
methods of patrol had to be re-evaluated and new ways
developed in order to maintain effectiveness. This meant
tightening our energy belts with purchase of smaller,
more efficient patrol vehicles such as Dodge Aspens,
compact four-wheeled drive pick-ups and trail motor-
cycles. Preliminary reports indicate that the smaller patrol
cars may not be significantly superior to our former
"medium-sized" sedans. One problem that a wildlife offi-
cer must face is the necessity of trailering heavy boats and
other specialized equipment. Small vehicles with
underpowered engines simply cannot safely perform this
task. We are continuing, however, to experiment with
such equipment and we are determined to develop the
most efficient and effective patrol force in the state.
A special motorcycle training school was held this fiscal
year to familiarize wildlife officers with proper safety and
patrol procedures for these unique enforcement tools.
Although we have utilized Honda three-wheeled motor-
cycles in the Everglades for years, this is the first time that
two-wheeled conventional trail bikes (185 cc) have been
tested. Trail bikes serve as supplemental vehicles and are
usually transported to an area via a rack on the back of an
automobile. The conventional patrol vehicle is then
parked and the motorcycle becomes the primary patrol
vehicle The wildlife officer uses a portable radio for com-
munications while on motorcycle patrol. The present pilot
program utilizes 10 motorcycles; however, we anticipate
greater future use of these bikes if they turn out to be as
practical as envisioned.
The Division did manage to put on board 36 additional
wildlife officers this fiscal year as well as creating five new
line sergeant positions and five new "first sergeant"
positions. The new line sergeant positions were needed to
reduce the supervisory span of patrol from the previous
eight wildlife officers per sergeant. First sergeants are a
new concept and were created to fill an administrative
void in regional offices. The first sergeants serve as "shift
commanders" for problem complaints coming in through
the 24-hour communication system, and also assist re-
gional law enforcement supervisors in handling adminis-
trative paperwork, equipment and officer training.
Every wildlife officer in the state (198) is now on the
"best" eight-hour out of every 24-hour shift. Wildlife offi-
cers can now choose peak periods to work for the first
time since the mandatory 40-hour work week was imple-
mented in 1974. In the years since initiation of the 40-hour
work week, the Division has experimented with every con-
ceivable type of system from a rotating eight-hour shift to
choosing the "best eight out of 12." The eight out of 24-
hour concept returns to the old premise that the officer is
the most knowledgeable of how and when to work his
particular area. Thus far the system has not sacrificed effi-
ciency or responsiveness.
Manpower-wise, the Division is in better shape than it
has ever been. But with Florida's four million hunters,
fishermen, hikers, campers, boaters and other outdoor en-
thusiasts, the Division's 200 wildlife officers present a
rather "thin green line." The mammoth conservation task
is even more staggering when you consider that there is a
ratio of over 20,000 clientele and 300 square mile area for
every one Florida wildlife officer. The Florida legislature
has been responsive, however, in providing manpower
increases during 1979-80 and 11 additional positions will
be allocated to the Division during the 80-81 year.

Additional manpower will allow for increased response to
citizen needs and our wildlife resources will have the full
measure of protection they deserve.
During the 1979-80 year, wildlife officers made more
than 11,000 arrests and issued nearly 5,000 written warn-
ings covering a diverse spectrum of violations. Although
the majority of the cases were wildlife, endangered spe-
cies and environmentally related, also included were
arrests for cattle rustling, grand larceny, auto theft, traffic,
boating safety, trespass, arson and narcotics. Wildlife offi-
cers must devote an increasing percentage of their time to
the enforcement of drug offenses which are encountered
during routine patrol of wilderness areas. Large fields of
marijuana and narcotics shipments are frequently encoun-
tered on wildlife management areas, especially in extreme
south Florida. Such drug cases are usually turned over to
county and federal authorities for prosecution. Wildlife
officers also play a primary role in the enforcement of
nongame regulations protecting endangered and threat-
ened species. This included special patrols mounted for
the protection of seabird rookeries, the American croco-
dile, the red-cockaded woodpecker and the manatee.
Scores of arrests were made this fiscal year for violations
of boating speed zones in effect in "manatee protection
areas." Since the majority of manatee deaths can be attrib-
uted to collision with watercraft, boating safety must be
closely regulated in certain areas during the winter
months in order to properly protect these endangered
Training is the foundation upon which professionalism
is built. The Division's training section provides the entire
Commission with program evaluation, curriculum devel-
opment, research seminars, workshops and publications.
It is an integral part of an efficient and effective
organization, especially in the law enforcement field
where officers must be kept abreast of a constantly chang-
ing society and its laws.
It is well-recognized that the quality of basic training
given to new employees determines, to a large extent, the
quality of their service. Therefore, training programs must
be continually updated and evaluated to meet this chal-
lenge. The recruit training curriculum has been completely
restructured with emphasis on public relations. Many
lecture courses have been replaced by role-playing exer-
cises simulating field conditions, utilizing videotape for
instant replay as a training aid.
A total of 27,740 man-hours were spent by Commission
employees attending seminars, workshops, inservice
physical fitness, inservice firearms, recruit training and
orientation schools. Following the installation of a new
statewide two-way communications system, all radio-tele-
type communication dispatch personnel attended a 40-
hour intensive training seminar emphasizing radio and
telephone procedures and public relations.
A new training manual has been designed outlining all
18 ongoing training programs. Work has begun on further
improvement of these courses by defining performance
standards, learning goals and course objectives into sepa-
rate blocks of instruction. A study to determine course
contents as compared with actual job relatedness is under
way. The results, when tabulated, will have an important
impact on future training standards and goals.
Communications provides the "life line" for wildlife
officers patrolling Florida's vast wilderness areas. The
Division's Communications Section provides the entire
Commission with telephone, teletype and two-way radio
communications vital to efficiency and safety. The system

operates around the clock with dispatchers available to
handle incoming toll-free WATS lines as citizens report
wildlife-related problems and violations. Complaints and
other information are promptly relayed by radio directly to
wildlife officers in the field.

Experience with our new communications system,
which includes the installation of 500 mobile units, 27 mo-
bile relay stations and nine dispatch centers completed last
year, indicates that we have one of the finest systems in
the state. Our officers are now able to communicate from
virtually any location in the state, a dramatic improvement
in efficiency over our previous communications system in
which we experienced a coverage void of nearly one-
fourth of the state.
This year, to provide greater communications mobility,
50 personal radios (walkie-talkies) were provided to wild-
life officers. Special radios were also installed on trail
motorcycles utilized by wildlife officers for patrol in
wilderness areas. Also during 1979-80, a specialized radio
repair center was constructed and equipped to maintain
our portable radios and other electronic systems unique to
the Commission.
A "Wildlife Alert" citizen reporting project was initiated
this year with good results. This program urges citizens to
report suspected or in-progress wildlife violations via 24-
hour toll-free numbers to Commission regional offices.
Radio dispatchers relay the information directly to wildlife
officers on patrol. This information is helping to speed
officers to violations more effectively than ever before.
Thus far, more than 200 arrests have been made and
$13,000 in rewards paid to concerned conservationists re-
porting violators. Seven arrests were effected for En-
dangered Species violations.
It is interesting to note that 21% of all Wildlife Alert calls
(2 out of 10) have resulted in an arrest. This is especially
significant when you compare last year's complaint sta-
tistics, when only one out of every 10 calls resulted in an
arrest (11%).
This fiscal year wildlife officers handled a total of 15,000
miscellaneous wildlife complaints.
Wildlife inspectors are specialized enforcement officers
charged with ensuring compliance with the myriad of
technical state and federal laws governing the operation of
Florida's spiraling wildlife trade and wild animal
attractions. The wildlife inspector's "beat" includes air-
ports, zoos, game farms, tropical fish farms, and other
establishments where they provide Florida's primary en-
forcement thrust against the illegal importation,
possession, and release of potentially dangerous exotic
wildlife and fish.
Florida's subtropical climate and suitable water makes it
especially vulnerable to colonization by non-native wildlife
and fish populations. In addition, Florida's wildlife
attractions, private animal keepers, and tropical fish farms
provide a ready source of exotics, so inspectors must be
ever vigilant if they are to safeguard Florida's environ-
mental integrity. Over 35 million specimens of wildlife
and fish are imported annually through the Miami and
Tampa ports of entry. During the 1979-80 fiscal year, wild-
life inspectors seized 1,200 "prohibited" freshwater fishes
that were illegally imported, including 736 piranha. In
addition, 82 specimens of wildlife illegally imported or-
possessed were seized. Confiscated wildlife included ven-
omous reptiles, wolves, lions, chimpanzees, and other exo-
tic and native specimens.
The wildlife inspection section issues permits and works
with more than 1,000 major wildlife attractions and private

animal keepers in a cooperative effort to continually up-
grade the quality of life for captive wildlife. This fiscal
year, inspectors conducted 214 wildlife exhibit in-
spections, checked over 200 persons possessing personal
wildlife pets, and inspected 760 pet shops to ensure that
these individuals were properly licensed and maintained
their wildlife and fish in accordance with Florida law.
Special emphasis is placed on the enforcement of en-
dangered and threatened species laws, with 400 man-
hours devoted to this effort during 1979-80. Numerous
endangered species were seized by inspectors, including a
sandhill crane, several Eastern indigo snakes, black bears,
alligators, a loggerhead sea turtle, and one peregrine
This small but elite unit made 82 inspection-related ar-
rests and issued 145 written warnings during 1979-80.
The wildlife inspections program continues to play a
unique and vital role in the enforcement of wildlife laws
providing a substantial degree of protection to our native
fish and wildlife resources.
These specialized plainclothes officers make up the re-
gional investigations unit and the undercover investi-
gations section. Investigators provide the Division of Law
Enforcement with the capabilities for conducting lengthy
and difficult investigations.
Regional investigators operate in much the same fashion
as detectives in other enforcement agencies. By utilizing
unmarked vehicles and modern investigation techniques
and skills, they provide valuable support services to Flor-
ida wildlife officers. Through continuous training and the
use of scientific methods and sophisticated equipment, in-
vestigators now have the capability of handling a wide
array of wildlife violations through the use of fingerprints,
plaster casting, electronic and photographic surveillance,
and ouchterlony analysis.
The statewide undercover program is designed to assist
uniformed wildlife officers in coping with organized mar-
ket hunting and large-scale commercialization by wildlife
profiteers. Although small in size, this professional cadre
of undercover officers continues to prove its value by
"busting" hardcore wildlife violators in all areas of the
state. Last year these personnel were responsible for ap-
proximately 70 arrests, many of which were felonies. Local
courts, prosecutors and sportsmen have applauded the

professional enforcement tactics of this operation that con-
tinues to maintain an impressive record of jury trial con-
Because of the Division's unique capabilities with regard
to specialized land, water and air equipment and person-
nel who are knowledgeable of wilderness areas, the Divi-
sion of Law Enforcement is designated statewide coordi-
nator of search and rescue operations. Although local gov-
ernments are generally able to handle search and rescue
operations of a limited nature, emergency situations fre-
quently require additional resources. The Division's role is
to coordinate assistance through other state agencies, local
governments and volunteer groups in order to provide
necessary manpower and equipment appropriate to search
and rescue situations.
During the fiscal year 1978-79, the Division participated
in 91 search and rescue missions involving 163 persons.
These individuals were lost or overdue from hunting, fish-
ing, boating, camping and other outdoor activities.
Downed aircraft were also responsible for 19 separate
search and rescue missions. Special activities this fiscal
year included participation in the search for survivors of
the Coast Guard cutter Blackthorn, and participating in
warning and evacuation of flood victims when a dam
broke on the Florida Power and Light reservoir at Indian-
The Division's aviation section utilizes both fixed wing
aircraft and a helicopter in order to provide valuable aerial
surveillance, patrol support for wildlife officers and to aid
in search and rescue activities.
Presently the aviation section is composed of five pilots
utilizing one helicopter, one twin-engine aircraft and three
single-engine aircraft. Optimum coverage requires at least
fixed wing patrol aircraft for each of the five regions;
therefore, we will be working toward this goal as funds
become available. In addition to providing aerial support
and patrol for the uniformed force, these aircraft are also
vital to wildlife and environmental surveys. Aircraft con-
tribute significantly to the efficiency of the operations by
supplementing officer patrol time and reducing vehicle
mileage. During 1978-79, 439 aircraft flights were logged.

Dedicated to

today... for tomorrow




A s Florida continues to experience a high growth rate,
developmental pressures also continue, creating
additional strain on stressed natural ecosystems and the
fish and wildlife they support. The Office of
Environmental Services, through its programs of habitat
assessment, technical assistance, and environmental

research, is devoted to ensuring that this inevitable
growth occurs without unnecessarily impacting fish and
wildlife resources. Environmental Service biologists par-
ticipate in the various environmental regulatory processes
reviewing development proposals and recommending that
projects destructive to fish and wildlife habitat be re-
designed or rejected. By conducting environmental
research to answer critical questions regarding the impacts
of certain land uses on fish and wildlife resources and
providing this information and other technical assistance
to developers and land managers, fish and wildlife con-
siderations can be incorporated into the planning of pro-
jects, thereby avoiding problems before plans are finalized.
By monitoring and reacting to a wide range of develop-
ment and resource management problems, the Office of
Environmental Services seeks to reduce human cultural
impacts to fish and wildlife resources of Florida.
In order to determine the impacts of proposed projects
on fish and wildlife habitat, field inspections of project
sites are often conducted by biologists of the Office of
Environmental Services during their review of projects re-
quiring development approval through the Development
of Regional Impact review process, dredge and fill projects
requiring permits from the Florida Department of Environ-
mental Regulation and the U. S. Army Corps of
Engineers, and federally funded projects coordinated
through the A-95 Clearinghouse. By comparing the habitat
values of a site prior to development with those values
expected to remain after development, recommendations
can be made to reduce unnecessary impacts to fish and
wildlife resources.
This year 289 Clearinghouse projects, 49 public works
projects, and in excess of 3,500 dredge and fill applications
were reviewed by the Office of Environmental Services.
Although there was a significantly greater number of
dredge and fill applications reviewed, the percentage of
projects field-inspected was lower due to an apparent
increase in the number of insignificant small dock or bulk-
head projects and a greater emphasis on Technical Assis-
tance programs.
A project requiring extensive work this year was the
maintenance of navigation on the Apalachicola River by
the Army Corps of Engineers. Much field work was
necessary during the review of the five-year maintenance
dredging permit since an extensive amount of dredging
and spoiling is required along many reaches of the 100-
mile-long river. Many sites along the banks of the river
were proposed to receive dredge spoil and each had to be
inspected to make sure sensitive fish and wildlife habitats
would not be impacted. In order to better understand the
impacts of Corps activities on the Apalachicola River,
Office of Environmental Services biologists spent time
aboard the Corps snagboat Montgomery while it worked
the river, and visited the Waterway Experiment Station in
Vicksburg, Mississippi, to review the Corps of Engineers'
physical model of the Blountstown reach of the river in
After attending seminars last year on the U.S. Fish and
Wildlife Service's Habitat Evaluation Procedures (HEP),
Environmental Services personnel applied these pro-
cedures during the review of two projects this year. HEP
evaluations were performed on a large rock mining

"The wise use of the earth and its
resources for the lasting good of men."

proposal in the Everglades and on the restoration of the
Kissimmee River. The HEP process was developed to
quantitatively compare fish and wildlife habitat values of
sites of proposed development with those values follow-
ing completion of the project.
The Office of Environmental Services provides fish and
wildlife-related technical assistance to the other state
agencies, regional planning councils, water management
districts, county commissions, zoning boards, consultants
and developers in order to ensure that fish and wildlife
resources are adequately considered in the planning of
developmental projects and in land management
decisions. By working with developers, land planners,
and regulators at the early stages of project planning, fish
and wildlife considerations can be worked into develop-
ment or land management plans at minimum cost or
inconvenience to the developer while impacts to wildlife
populations are avoided.
This program received increased emphasis this year as
the Office of Environmental Services became more active
in power plant and transmission line siting, 201 waste-
water facilities planning, phosphate reclamation, regional
planning issues, and state land acquisition. Technical
assistance activities this year included providing input to
the Phosphate Reclamation Advisory Committee in re-
viewing plans for restoration of lands mined for phos-
phate, working with Indian River County to develop tree,
mining, and land clearing ordinances, providing input to
the Environmental Regulatory Commission contributing to
the designation of the Suwannee River as an Outstanding
Florida Water, and providing information to the Environ-
mental Protection Agency and the Department of Environ-
mental Regulation on the effects of eutrophication on fish-
ery resources. Environmental Services also served on the
State Lands Interagency Advisory Committee for the State
Lands Management Plan, the 208 Technical Advisory
Committee on Mining, the Apalachicola River Quality As-
sessment Liaison Committee, and the Technical Advisory
Committee for the Charlotte Harbor Regional Planning
and Management Program.
Our involvement with the Charlotte Harbor program
gave us the opportunity to provide a significant contri-
bution to future resource planning of the Charlotte Harbor
area. The Vero Beach field office conducted an intensive,
three-month effort to provide the Charlotte Harbor
Committee with a report detailing fish and wildlife re-
sources of the study area along with an evaluation of
future development patterns identifying potential future
areas of wildlife-development conflict. The study report
entitled Fish and Wildlife Resources of the Charlotte Harbor
Area was completed and submitted to the full Charlotte
Harbor Committee.
The establishment of the Conservation and Recreation
Lands Trust Fund by the 1979 Florida Legislature signaled
the further commitment of the state to acquire additional
environmentally endangered and recreational land follow-
ing the expiration of the original Environmentally En-
dangered Lands Program. Personnel of the Office of En-
vironmental Services contributed to the drafting of admin-
istrative rules governing the selection of lands for state
acquisition and served as the Commission's primary liai-
son with the six-member Selection Committee made up of
the heads of the Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission,
Department of Environmental Regulation, Department of
Natural Resources, Department of Community Affairs,
Division of Forestry, and Division of Archives, History,
and Records Management. Approximately 120 projects
were reviewed in the first steps of the selection process,
from which a list of the most desirable lands for purchase

was prepared and submitted to the Governor and Cabinet
for their approval.
The Office of Environmental Services conducts research
and restoration programs in three areas: improving the
habitat values of lands reclaimed following phosphate
mining; studying the fish and wildlife aspects of restoring
the Kissimmee River; and restoring and managing the fish
and wildlife resources of the Apalachicola Environ-
mentally Endangered Lands Tract. All three of these pro-
jects evolved from our technical assistance programs in the
areas where the Commission was becoming increasingly
involved, out of a need for up-to-the-minute information
where such information is lacking.
Work on the Phosphate Reclamation Project continued
with the renegotiation of a contract for FY 79-80 with the
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service which included money for a
contract biologist to aid in the collection of data. Studies
on the wetlands test site provided by International Min-
erals and Chemical Corporation and on the plant succes-
sion and wildlife utilization of phosphate waste clay set-
tling ponds which were initiated last year were continued.
The preliminary results of these studies were revealed in
two papers presented at the Seventh Annual Wetlands
Restoration and Creation Conference, "An Assessment of
Wetlands Establishment Techniques at a Florida Phos-

phate Mine Site" and "An Evaluation of Wetland Habitat
Establishment and Wildlife Utilization in Phosphate Clay
Settling Ponds."
The Kissimmee Basin Wetlands Investigation Section
continued with its study of the fish and wildlife aspects of
restoring the Kissimmee River. Creel surveys, seed sam-
pling, time-lapse photography, and a bald eagle nesting
survey were conducted. Sampling of the Ash and Arm-
strong Slough detention/retention areas was continued
along with the Avon Park marsh vegetation study. A sig-
nificant accomplishment of the section this year was an
analysis of the last segment of the Kissimmee River,
known as Paradise Run, and taking action to include this
stretch in the Corps' restudy of the entire river. Prelim-
inary management guidelines and available fish and wild-
life information was provided to the Corps.
On the Lower Apalachicola Environmentally En-
dangered Lands Tract, the Office of Environmental Ser-
vices conducted two restoration and management actions.
Work was begun on obtaining bids for the reconstruction
of a canal plug that was intended to maintain water levels
within an overdrained area of marsh. The original plug, a
part of the restoration plan for the M/K marsh imple-
mented last year, was inadequate and was breached by
high water. A control burn for the management of this
marsh was also conducted this year with aid of the Divi-
sion of Forestry and the Commission's Division of Wildlife.
Studies on the impacts of burning on the vegetation com-
position, wildlife utilization, and water quality in the marsh
were conducted in association with the burn.

Getting hooked on

hunting, fishing &

conservation through...




Commission personnel are working throughout the
State to encourage enhancement of wildlife and fresh-
water fishery resources. Those efforts would not succeed
without public understanding and support. The primary
objective of the Office of Informational Services is to
strengthen that public concept. Working through the mass
media and with special public contact, OIS communicates
word of the rich abundance of wildlife and freshwater
fishery resources in Florida, and the role of the citizen to
best participate with them. Likewise, OIS proceeds to
work specifically with the citizenry on a variety of mis-
sions which include encouragement of volunteer support
services, protection of wildlife and fisheries resources,
promotion of conservation-mindedness by outdoorsmen
and safer outings by the citizenry in Florida's wilderness.
Also serving as legislative coordinator for the Commis-
sion, OIS proceeds to implement a variety of programs
which include Wildlife Alert, Wildlife Reserve, Youth
Conservation Camps, Hunter Education, Endangered Spe-
ces Education, production of the widely acclaimed Florida
Wildlife magazine and systematic efforts of news dissemi-
nation through the print and electronic media.

I ~

The hunting and fishing public must have access to the
myriad of regulations and information concerning their
Pastime. With greater interest in wildlife and fisheries re-
sources within the state, changes in regulations, as well as


new laws and strains caused by urbanization, relaying
pertinent information takes on a most important sig-
Utilizing a variety of media mix which includes the elec-
tronic and print media, as well as brochure and fact sheet
production for public consumption, OIS continues with
this overall task in a deliberate manner.
More than 60 news releases were prepared and dis-
tributed to radio stations, television stations, weeklies and
dailies across the state. News releases continue to rep-
resent the most important communication tool of the
Commission to the public. Accenting this effort is the use
of regionally directed news releases and electronic media
messages by field personnel particular to events in those
given areas.
During the past year, 24 radio public service announce-
ments were produced by the Tallahassee office and distri-
buted statewide. These pre-recorded spots dealt with a
variety of subjects which included hunter education,
youth camps, alligators, Wildlife Alert and general hunt-
ing and fishing information.
The list of stations now using this service has grown to
122 with a survey under way to determine the frequency
of use and audience size. New recording equipment has
been purchased by the Commission to speed up and im-
prove production capabilities. In addition, with the coop-
eration of a Tallahassee television station, OIS entered a
realm of producing its own public service announcements
this year.
Slide series remain a mainstay of the audio-visual ser-
vices. Efforts continue on the development of slide pre-
sentations to enhance the public understanding of the
wide range of Commission activities.
Regional education officers and other OIS staff main-
tained close contact with sportsmen and conservation
clubs through public speaking engagements.
Regional education officers initiated a project for a twice
yearly contact with conservation and outdoor clubs. The
program is organized and coordinated by the regional
education officer with personnel from all divisions taking
The placement of exhibits in high population traffic
areas (such as shopping malls and county fairs) continued
throughout the year with assistance from wildlife reserv-
ists and law enforcement personnel in manning the
OIS field personnel also continued close contact with
the electronic and print media in their respective areas,
assisting with live and taped radio interviews, television
appearances and assisting newspersons with the prepara-
tion of feature articles.
The employee newsletter "Points to Ponder" and the
director's monthly news column "Comments on the Out-
doors" continue to be published along with feature articles
in other publications in the state.
The OIS continued to produce and supply the hunting
and fishing public a wide array of maps and regulations.
OIS also feels it is important to work in relaying the
efforts of the Commission to the non-hunting and
non-fishing public to help them understand the value of
conservation through hunting and fishing practices.

Florida Wildlife continues to be on the forefront of the
Commission's endeavor to provide the public with a gen-
eral format of information concerning wildlife and fish-
eries resources within the state. The magazine, which is
published every other month, highlights in a featured for-
mat understanding and appreciation of the outdoors of

"Public sentiment is everything. With
public sentiment nothing can fail.
Without it nothing can succeed."
In national competition, Florida Wildlife was rated in the
top ten of conservation magazines with individual judges
placing the publication as high as the number two spot.
Circulation continues to increase. Preliminary figures
also indicate a substantial increase ih the rate of subscrip-
tion renewals. Another magazine cover art premium, this
one by staff artist Wallace Hughes, is in the works for the
upcoming year. Commission staff members, other than
OIS personnel, continued to make a much appreciated
editorial contribution.
This year also marked an increase in the offset printing
operation with management area hunt maps, special reg-
ulation publications, posters, various reports and nu-
merous forms printed. More than 6,000 plates were pro-
duced and well over 2.5 million impressions made. The
streamlined printing procedure initiated last year was re-
fined and much of the backlog has effectively been elimi-
In addition, staff members have been involved in the
preparation of camera-ready copy for numerous outside
printing jobs ranging from identification cards to posters,
including forms, reports, books, training bulletins, general
informational brochures and others.
Since Wildlife Alert was initiated by the Commission in
November 1979, it is fast becoming one of the strongest
programs ever implemented by the Commission to en-
courage citizen assistance in apprehending violators of
Florida's wildlife and fisheries laws.
OIS has been involved in this program since its incep-
tion and has now been given full responsibility for its
implementation. As the information arm of the Commis-
sion, all OIS personnel have been heavily involved in
seeing that Wildlife Alert's beginnings were publicized in
all media.
The audio-visual section developed two public service
television announcements on Wildlife Alert which aired
across the state. The upcoming year will see the additional
development of PSAs.
Bumper stickers, posters, full-page magazine ads, fea-
ture articles, news releases, radio announcements and
slide series are all part of the effort directed toward ensur-
ing that the goals and objectives of Wildlife Alert remain
before the public.
OIS also works closely with the Division of Law En-
forcement to report arrest statistics. OIS continues to keep
close communication with those citizens who serve on the
Wildlife Alert Reward Association to keep them aware of
program results. OIS lends administrative assistance to
Wildlife Alert, planning quarterly meetings and providing
appropriate Commission personnel to communicate on
the success of the program to the Association.
The Hunter Education Program of the Commission
seeks to help outdoorsmen safely enjoy Florida's wildlife
bounty and to better understand, appreciate and practice
the code of good sportsmanship. The primary purpose of
the course is to teach hunter and firearm safety and con-
servation practices.
Those who have participated in the Commission's hunt-
er education program have had nothing but praise for the

outstanding job being done by the regional officers and
more than 500 volunteer instructors. This year, the pro-
gram was voted among the top ten programs in the nation
by the International Association of Fish and Wildlife
Agencies and the National Rifle Association.
The goal for 1979-80 was to process 10,000 students
through the program. The goal was exceeded by more
than 2,000. There were 12,080 participants in the hunter
education class as compared to 8,944 for the previous
year. To date, there are more than 571 active certified in-
structors and 981 inactive. A major goal for next year will
be to bring those inactive instructors back into the main-
stream of the Commission. Hunter education bulletins
continued to be published and a special feature, Hunter
Education News, is included in each issue of Florida Wild-
Many county school systems now offer the hunter
education course as part of their regular curriculum.
The Wildlife Reserve Program continues to increase the
participation of citizens in assisting with varied Commis-
sion activities. This not only helps where manpower
shortages occur, but also increases direct citizen interest in
the goals of the Commission regarding wildlife and fish-
eries resource protection and enhancement.
This year a statewide coordinator joined OIS and Wild-
life Reserve was expanded to all regions. In March of this
year, the South Region was gearing up for the program
and in June, the Northeast Region linked up. With this
volunteer program now in all areas of the state, member-
ship is targeted to expand to approximately 300 involved
citizens this next fiscal year.
Reservists have participated in wildlife management by
working check stations, assisting game biologists and
posting boundary signs. Countless hours were donated in
assisting law enforcement on routine patrols, communica-
tions and arrests. In addition, fisheries have benefited
with reservists taking part in creel sampling, constructing
fish attractors and surveys. More than 1,000 hours were
donated to the Office of Informational Services by reserv-
ists speaking to the state's clubs and groups on behalf of
the Commission and its programs. Many reservists donate
double duty, serving also as volunteer hunter education
Considerable effort will be dedicated in the coming year
to redefine the role of reservists. With the addition of the
statewide coordinator, attention will be directed toward
developing the strongest auxiliary citizen group in the
The Commission strongly supports the two youth con-
servation camps as an important means of exposing hun-
dreds of young persons to the natural environment. Help-
ing these young persons understand their natural habitat,
sportsmanship within it as well as enhancing their under-
standing of conservation measures remains the objective
of the youth camp operation.
Efforts continue to provide the best camping experience
possible in these facilities. Toward this goal, a complete
operational manual was developed which outlined pro-
cedures for handling money, registration, canteen opera-
tion, refund policy, new camp insurance and food inven-
tory. A reporting format was also developed which de-
tailed weekly figures for enrollment, expenditures and re-
In order to obtain a more complete picture of the camp
and the campers' experiences, a questionnaire was devel-
oped and sent to those attending the first, fifth and eighth


IIII I ll I II II II II 1 1 1 ll
3 1262 05555 4835
weeks of the eight-week ~asuions; results rrom the survey
indicated 90 percent of the campers wish to return to the
facility next year. Other survey information will be used to
determine some of the future areas of concern at the
Campers at both facilities spent their sessions in some of
the most attractive facilities ever offered by the Commis-
sion. Much of the credit at the Ocala camp goes to the
Young Adult Conservation Corps program. The Ocala
YACC program, incidentally, was rated the best program
of its kind in the state.
Plans for next year include taking a comprehensive look at
the curriculum offered with the same close attention which
was paid last year to administrative procedures.
As aspects of the wildlife and fisheries resources dimin-
ish with increased urbanization, citizenry must be in-
formed as to the consequences. The plight of wildlife spe-
cies which have been designated as endangered, and very
much having the possibility of becoming extinct, must be
brought to the attention of the public. This is the role of
the education program concerning endangered species.
Endangered species education programs were presented
on radio, television and to a variety of live audiences dur-
ing the year. A total of 143 programs were produced and
performed featuring the Florida panther, manatee, south-
ern bald eagle and other endangered species. Videotaped
reproductions of several specific programs have been dis-
tributed on video-cassettes for television and use in
schools, colleges and universities. Certain television sta-
tions have re-aired these cassette productions more than
Videotape cassettes entitled "Endangered Floridians,"
"Health, Harmony and Survival," "Endangered Amer-
ica," and "Sing a Song for Wildlife," by singers and mu-
sicians Dale and Linda Crider, have been made available
for duplication and distribution by the Florida Department
of Education as well as the Commission.
Television media, using songs and slides with inter-
views, is estimated to have reached some 1.5 million Flor-
ida residents. Radio "Voice of America" and a program on
"Sports Afield" are estimated to have reached several mil-
lion Americans and an -ndetermined number of persons
overseas. Through school' v.3its and public appearances by
the Criders, some 3,000 co more perso--' Is were

Compiled an
By Trisha Sr'

(904) 488-1960

Northwest Region
Route 4, Box 759
Panama City, Fla. 32405

Central Region
1239 S.W. 10th St.
Ocala, Fla. 32670
(904) 629-8162

4 F~
A 0

Northeast Region
Route 7, Box 102
"\*Lake City, Fla. 32055
(904) 752-0353

South Region
2202 Lakeland Hills Blvd.
Lakeland, Fla. 33801
(813) 686-8157

Everglades Region
551 N. Military Trail
~jest Palm Beach, Fla. 33406
(305) 683-0748

SThis public document was promulgated at an annual cost of $559.00
or $0.56 per copy, to inform the public of Commission activities.