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Biennial report
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075940/00008
 Material Information
Title: Biennial report
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 23-29 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida -- Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission
Publisher: Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission.
Place of Publication: Tallahassee
Creation Date: 1956
Frequency: biennial
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Game protection -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Fish culture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Fishery management -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Wildlife management -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
Summary: First biennial report covers the period from the time of the organization (of the Commission) July 1, 1935 to December 31, 1936.
Statement of Responsibility: Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000327977
oclc - 01332271
notis - ABV7514
System ID: UF00075940:00008
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida. Dept. of Game and Fresh Water Fish.|Biennial report of the Department of Game and Fresh Water Fish
Succeeded by: Florida. Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission.|Annual report

Full Text

BIENNIAL REPORT


Florida


GAME AND FRESH WATER FISH COMMISSION
"7 / For the years
S"C 1 1956-1958



















I UNIVERSITY

t..over b oto xraph

The Florida white-tailed deer is the state's foremost
big-game animal. It occurs in nearly every one of the
67 counties of Florida in sufficient numbers to provide
good to excellent hunting. Under the influence of a
progressive game management program plus efficient law
enforcement, coupled with the cooperation of an en-
lightened public, the deer population of Florida is on a
definite upswing.








YRK, t Camie an 3d PCesA 'W ater aJls


Commission





co ws
SJanuary 31, 1959
HONORABLE LEROY COLLINS
Governor of Florida
S' State Capitol
K Tallahassee, Florida
DEAR GOVERNOR COLLINS:
Herewith is submitted the Biennial Report of the Florida Game and Fresh
Water Fish Commission for the period ending June 30, 1958, with a financial
report for the 30-month period ending December 31, 1958. Through this report
we wish to make known to you, to the members of the State Legislature and
to the people of Florida, the activities and achievements of the Commission.
While the aforesaid report speaks in a great measure for itself, I would
like, on behalf of the Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, to make the
following special comments.
We feel that during the past period, the Commission has made notable
gains and progress in the area of improved conservation practices, stricter
law enforcement, better public relations and, therefore, more public support,
increased game and fish population, increased public hunting and fishing
areas, rough fish and noxious weed control, water conservation, boat landing
ramps, together with stabilizing personnel and employment practices through
the adoption of a Merit System patterned after the Florida State Merit Sys-
tem. We rightfully feel that these areas of progress will lead us to greater
efficiency and proficiency in the field of conservation.
We are all keenly aware of the great population surge into our State,
and the attendant hunting and fishing pressures, and are continually striving
to not only further develop our present hunting and fishing areas, but also
to extend our managed lands and waters into new areas of our State. We are
also aware of the increase in industry, agriculture, and other developments
which are continually absorbing what were formerly hunting and fishing
areas; and while we recognize the vital importance of new business, industry,
and population to the State of Florida, we will continue to jealously guard
those portions of our great State which are adapted to good hunting and
fishing.
We realize too that there are many needs in the field of conservation,
and we diligently press toward those goals which will assure many benefits
and advantages for the people we serve. We ask sincerely for your help and
that of the Legislature in providing additional funds through special appro-
priations in order that we might continue upon the important program of
rough fish and noxious weed control, as well as conservation of surface
waters. We promise you that we will always attempt to give a dollar's worth
of service for each revenue dollar expended and will always look both within
\ and without in seeking to improve ourselves and to expand our program.
In closing, may I express our grateful appreciation for your help and
cooperation and for the help and cooperation of the other departments and
agencies of State Government with whom it has been our privilege to work
during this period of time. We always invite your suggestions and criticisms
and covet your continued help and prayers.
Sincerely yours,
JULIAN R. ALFORD, Chairman
JRA: nrg


























































fonservraion Pledge

* I give my pledge
a os an American to Isav
and faithfully to defend from +
waste tho natural resources of
S my country-its soil and
S minerals. Its forests, waters,
and wildlife.

**






















CONTENTS

Subject Page
Letter of Transm ittal ............................................. 1
R report of Progress .............................. ...... .......... 5
Future Prospects ................................................ 6
Administration of the Commission .................................. 7
Merit System ........................................... 10
Law Enforcement and the Wildlife Officer ............................ 11
Game Management Division ................ ....................... 13
Fisheries Division ......................................... 29
Fiscal Division ........................................ ................ 35
Information and Education ........................... ............ 45
Florida W wildlife ................................................ 49
Aviation ..................... ................................... 50
Radio Com m unications .......................................... 52
The Northeast Florida Region .................................... 54
The Northwest Florida Region ....................................... 56
The Everglades Florida Region ................... ................... 58
The Central Florida Region ...................................... 60
The South Florida Region ................ ......................... 62
Youth Conservation Education ..................................... 64
The Commissioners ............... .............................. 68
The Administrators .............. .............................. 70
The Administrative Staff .................... ........ ............. 71










BEI


IT


OF


PR


A. D. ALDRICH, Director


A CCELERATED progress in all
phases of conservation work
was made by the Florida Game and
Fresh Water Fish Commission dur-
ing the biennial period.
In general, the Commission de-
voted its efforts toward rendering
better service to the general public
and the sportsmen of the State of
Florida. This was done by improv-
ing personnel standards through
formal adoption of a Merit System
and Employee Classification and
Salary Schedule, by clarifying oper-
ational procedures, defining channels
of authority and responsibilities,
coordinating activities, and bringing
the program closer to the people.
Great emphasis was placed on
defining channels of authority with-
in the Commission, so as to render
the department more efficient.
Particular attention was devoted to
improving the quality of personnel
and their status of employment.
General policies of the Commission
were strengthened and clarified.


Better liaison between the Commis-
sion and the public was established.
Most particularly, the general over-
all scope of department activities
and services was expanded into
new fields of endeavor, without in-
creasing costs or personnel.
During the biennium, there was a
continuation of the program of ob-
taining and opening additional pub-
lic hunting and fishing areas. Also
continued was the effort to attain
sound fish and wildlife management
practices as determined by accurate
technical research programs.
There was a continuation of the
accelerated drive toward bringing
the programs of the Game and Fresh
Water Fish Commission, especially
the setting of hunting and fishing
rules and regulations, closer to the
people.
Better coordination and efficiency
was achieved in, and between, all
divisions and sections of the Com-


mission, with greater emphasis
placed on law enforcement and
public services.
On the overall, the activities of
the past biennium will serve as a
concrete indication of the determi-
nation of the Florida Game and
Fresh Water Fish Commission and
its employees to have a more pro-
gressive program of fish and wild-
life conservation in Florida.
Following are the highlights of
work accomplished during the bi-
ennial period:
CHANNELS
During the previous biennium,
there was a clarification of the chan-
nels of authority within the Com-
mission, which enabled all staff of-
ficers and employees to re-evaluate
and re-organize their activities and
procedures.
During the current biennium
covered by this report, further ef-
forts were made to strengthen and
clarify the channels of authority in
such a manner that a direct chain
of command and responsibilities was
achieved. This resulted in better
efficiency and coordination between
the divisions and sections of the
Commission.
PAY SCALES
Because the Commission has been
demanding more services and effi-
ciency from its employees, it has,
for the past four years, been the
steadfast aim of the Commission to
gradually increase base salaries for
personnel. This is necessary in order
to attract and hold the qualified
conservation career employees that
are able to give the services and
efficiency required by the Com-
mission.
The new Merit System and its
employee classification and salary
schedule adopted by the Commis-
sion during the biennium is ex-
tremely valuable to both employees
and administrators. Job classifica-


*O











OGRESS


tions and wage schedules are ap-
proved by the State Merit System.
This has been extremely helpful in
up-grading the employee standards
of the Commission.

COORDINATION
We have continued the practice
of specifically delegating authority
down clarified channels of command.
This has resulted in a continuous
improvement in the coordination be-
tween divisions, sections, and indi-
vidual employees of the Commis-
sion. Such coordination is also
helpful in improving employee
morale so as to obtain more efficient
services and work programs.

PUBLIC MEETINGS
The policy of holding public
meetings throughout the state was
continued during the biennium. The
policy was especially effective in the
series of public meetings held
throughout the state to obtain ex-
pressions from the general public on
the setting of hunting rules and reg-
ulations. This resulted in the com-
piling of information of great value
during the current biennium to aid
the setting of equitable, overall rules
and regulations that will conform to
the desires of the public insofar as
may be possible without interfering
with good, sound conservation man-
agement principles.
The public meetings also serve
to bring the people of the state
into closer contact with the Com-
mission, and its employees, to a
mutual benefit.

EXTRA-CURRICULAR DUTIES
Employees of the Commission
were also advised as to the necessity
for becoming involved in what may
be termed as extra-curricular duties
-services and responsibilities which
are not normally considered part of
the employees' jobs. Beyond their
normal Commission duties, many


employees now serve on special com-
mittees and perform liaison activi-
ties between the Commission and
other State and Federal agencies.
Important in this respect is the
cooperative efforts of Commission
personnel with civic, social and
sportsmen's organizations through-
out the State, especially the Florida
Outdoor Writers, the press, tele-
vision, radio and the Florida Wild-
life Federation. Such liaison activi-
ties by Commission personnel are
essential to a general and effective
understanding of the Commission's
wildlife conservation program.
Truly, the list of the extra-curric-
ular duties and assignments of our
employees would be a lengthy one.
There are few, if any, local, state or
national conservation efforts or
organizations in which the employees
of the Florida Game and Fresh
Water Fish Commission are not
represented. Such work is extreme-
ly helpful not only in furthering
the general cause of wildlife conser-
vation, but also in keeping the Com-
mission and its employees abreast
of modern developments and tech-
niques in all wildlife fields.

POLICY MANUALS
A great step forward was accomp-
lished during the biennium with
the writing and publication of an
Employee's Handbook. This is the
first time that most of the internal
policies and operational procedures
of the Commission were ever set
down on paper for permanent use
by all employees. The Handbook
has resulted in great improvements
in standardization of work, and in
cooperation between employees and
divisions.
At request of the Chairman, a
special Manual for the Chairman
and the Commissioners was compiled
for future publication. The manual
amounted to compilation and codi-
fication of the legal powers, duties


and responsibilities of the Commis-
sion, itself, the Chairman and the
Director.
One additional employees hand-
book was also produced by the In-
formation and Education Division
for use by Divisional employees.

OTHER PROGRAMS
Progress made during the bien-
nium in all Divisions and Sections
of the Commission is adequately
presented in the various reports con-
tained in this Biennial Report.

GENERAL
There can be little doubt that the
Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish
Commission made considerable pro-
gress in all phases of its activities
during the biennial period. More
important, the basic groundwork
was laid to allow a greatly acceler-
ated program to take effect during
the current biennium. Much has
been done, but a great deal more
remains to be done. We feel certain
that, with the help of all sportsmen
and the general public, we can
continue to do our job of conserv-
ing, protecting and restoring the fish
and wildlife under a wise resource-
use program that will guarantee an
outdoor heritage for future gen-
erations. 0


1










FUTURE




PROSPECTS


NO BUSINESS should be, or can be,
operated properly without com-
prehensive plans for the future.
The Florida Game and Fresh
Water Fish Commission has such
plans. Plans which are designed to
insure future satisfaction for the
Florida sportsmen the fishermen
and the hunter. Plans which affect
the future of our fish and wildlife.
Plans which will help guarantee a
heritage of natural resources for our
children and their children.
We sincerely believe that much
has been accomplished during past
years, as the result of active co-
operation from interested sportsmen
and the general public. And we fully
realize that much more must be done
to protect, preserve, conserve and
utilize our natural wildlife resources.
We, the Commission, firmly be-
lieve that there is a much brighter
future for Florida wildlife interests
during the coming years. We believe
that sportsmen are fully within their
moral and legal rights in demanding
a more aggressive and effective pro-
gram for Florida wildlife and the
conservation thereof. We believe that
it is the duty and the responsibility
of this Commission to do everything
within its power to implement such
a program.
BUT this cannot be done without
the firm and active backing of all
interested sportsmen and citizens.
Such a future cannot be attained
without adequate finances. And it
most certainly cannot be done with-
out aggressive and progressive plan-
ning.
Here are the general plans that
will be undertaken by the Game and
Fresh Water Fish Commission:
First will be a continually improv-
ed and more effective Law Enforce-
ment program. The Commission
plans to continue employing and


training a progressively higher
caliber of Wildlife Officer. We plan
to continue improving the coopera-
tion and coordination of our Law
Enforcement efforts. We plan to
continue improving the equipment
of the Wildlife Officers, so that they
may more efficiently perform their
duties in the field. We plan to obtain
more simplified and improved Fish
and Game Laws and regulations,
based on sound management prin-
ciples and resource-use needs.
Number two on the list of future
plans is the acquisition of additional
public hunting and fishing lands.
This is of utmost concern to every
fisherman, hunter and wildlife stu-
dent. Florida is developing rapidly.
Without an aggressive land acquisi-
tion program, areas available for the
average sportsman will be drastically
reduced. More lands must be held in
trust for the Florida fisherman and
hunter, and every other citizen -
public lands accessible for the enjoy-
ment of all.
The Commission plans to work to-
ward opening more privately owned
lands to controlled public hunting,
fishing, boating and general recrea-
-tion purposes in conformance with
sound wildlife and land management
principles.
The Commission intends to dis-
cover and develop new techniques
and procedures that will enable the
greatest possible realization of the
potentialities of game and fish popu-
lations, and fishing and hunting op-
portunities.
We intend to do everything within
our power to study all plans formu-
lated by State and Federal agencies
when such plans will affect the wa-
ters, soils, forests, wilderness, and
fish and wildlife of the State of Flor-
ida. We intend to continue, where
necessary, to make recommendations


for changes in any plans or programs
which we consider to have a poten-
tial detrimental effect on the fish and
wildlife, and other natural resources,
of the State. We intend to take any
necessary steps that will help safe-
guard our wildlife heritage.
We plan to continue acting in our
capacity of custodian and watchman
of our natural resources, especially
fish and wildlife.
In the future, we plan to continue
the Commission's Merit System for
Employees, to insure that all em-
ployment is based on aptitude and
qualifications of employee appli-
cants. We plan to continue training
our employees so that they will be
better fitted for their work.
We plan to continue serving the
general public in all possible ways-
Civil Defense, rescuing lost persons,
aiding citizens in difficulty, furnish-
ing information to the general public,
answering calls for emergency help
and transportation, and similar pub-
lic service duties.
We plan to work toward a more
uniform and equitable Florida fish-
ing and hunting license structure
that will be fair to one and all.
We plan to support legislation that
will be beneficial to the sportsmen
and to wildlife. We plan to work for
legislation that will include stiffer
penalties for game and fish law vio-
lations, more satisfactory control of
airboats, more funds for hyacinth
control and acquisition of public
lands and waters, more workable
laws affecting fish and wildlife, and
a more uniform license structure.
The Commission also plans to im-
prove its programs dealing with farm
pond management, food and cover
plantings for wildlife, youth conser-
vation education, public information
and education, and the many other
vital phases of conservation activi-
ties.
We know that there is a bright
future for the Florida sportsman.
The Florida Game and Fresh Water
Fish Commission plans to do every-
thing within its power to work to-
ward that brighter future. This fu-
ture must be attained through the
cooperation of everyone in Florida.
We are confident that we will ulti-
mately reach the goal of realizing
all of Florida's vast fish and wildlife
potential.


































T HE FLORIDA Game and Fresh
Water Fish Commission was
created by a Constitutional Amend-
ment passed at the general election
of 1942, and becoming effective Jan-
uary 1, 1943. Under this amend-
ment, there is vested in the Com-
mission all regulatory and manage-
ment authority for birds, game,
fresh water fish, fur-bearing ani-
mals, reptiles and amphibians.
The Commission consists of five
Commissioners one of whom is
appointed by the Governor from
each of the five Congressional Dis-
tricts of Florida that existed as of
January 1, 1941.
The overall administration of the
Game and Fresh Water Fish Com-
mission is delegated by the Commis-
sion to a Director who is appointed
by and serves at the pleasure of the
five-man Commission.
Assisting the Director, and imme-
diately under his supervision, are an
Assistant Director, a Secretary to
the Commission, personnel working
on special assignments such as spe-
cial investigators, and all Staff Of-
ficers.
Staff officers of the Commission
consist of the Business Manager, the
Chiefs of Game Management, Fish
Management, Information and Edu-
cation, Communications, Aviation,


and the Magazine Editor and the
five Regional Managers.
The lines of Administrative au-
thority are as depicted in the at-
tached diagram. This diagram shows
that the Director is immediately re-
sponsible to the Commission. All
Chiefs of Divisions, or Staff Officers,
are, on the other hand, responsible
to the Director. Division personnel
are, of course, responsible to their
Staff Officers.
Thus, when a policy is set by the
Commission, it is administered by
the Director through his Staff Offi-
cers and their personnel.
Under this arrangement, it is the
Staff Officers' duty not only to at-
tend to their particular administra-
tive duties, but also to keep the Di-
rector, and through him the Com-
mission itself, fully informed as to
all important activities in all admin-
istrative branches.
SPrior to 1951, all Game Commis-
sion programs were organized and
put into effect from one state-wide
office in Tallahassee. This resulted
in a cumbersome procedure that re-
sulted in a loss of vital contact with
personnel working in the field, and
the local problems with which they
were constantly confronted. Staff
Officers in the Tallahassee main
office were often isolated, not only


ADMINISTRATION



of the




COMMISSION


0. EARLE FRYE
Assistant Director


from their own personnel, but also
from the sportsmen and general
public of the State of Florida.
In an effort to overcome this oper-
ational handicap, the Administra-
tive set-up was decentralized to at-
tain closer contact with field prob-
lems and personnel.
To accomplish this, Game Com-
mission Regional offices were estab-
lished in strategically located spots
throughout the state. Five Regions,
and offices, were located in North-
west Florida, Northeast Florida,
Central Florida, South Florida and
Everglades Florida, with headquar-
ters now in Panama City, Lake
City, Ocala, Lakeland and Okeecho-
bee.
Each Region was placed under a
Regional Manager, responsible to
the Commission's Director and As-
sistant Director. The Regional Man-
agers are directly responsible for all
activities within the geographical
area composing their Region. These
include all work and personnel in
law enforcement, communications,
game and fish management, avia-
tion, information and education, and
budgetary matters.
In order to make this operation
workable, all activities of a techni-
cal nature must be supervised joint-
ly by the Regional Manager and the
Division Chief or Staff Officer of the
appropriate function.
Thus, the Regional Manager, and
his personnel, are assisted, at the
upper level, by various Staff Offi-
cers. All state-wide programs set
into effect by the Commission are
organized and coordinated, with the
cooperation of the Regional Man-
agers and their personnel, by the
Division Chiefs. It is therefore pos-
sible to put any overall program
into immediate effect in all points
of the state, with no discrepancies
in policy or administration. A state-
wide program is thereby operated
exactly the same in every point of
the state.
The close cooperation between the
Director, the Assistant Director, the
Division Chiefs and the Regional
Managers is the most important
item in the entire Administrative
set-up.
Answerable to the various Staff









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Officers are additional sub-supervis-
ory personnel. To the Business
Manager is delegated responsibility
for the State Property Officer, and
Bookkeeping and Auditing person-
nel. The Game and Fish Manage-
ment Chiefs are responsible for the
leaders of Federal and State-wide
Projects, such as the hyacinth con-
trol program, controlled seining,
wildlife management areas, deer
and turkey restoration, and water
fowl and mourning dove research
and management projects. The In-
formation and Education Chief is
responsible for the Chief of Youth
Education, Chief of Audio-Visual,
Supervisor of Adult Liaison, and
the five Regional Information Offi-
cers. Regional Managers are respon-
sible for regional fish and game and
education officers, and area super-
visors.
Each of these is, in turn, respon-
sible for other personnel. For exam-
ple, the Area Supervisor is respon-
sible for law enforcement activities
in from two to four counties within
a Region, and is directly in charge of
the activities of law enforcement
personnel in such areas.
All of the lower level supervisory
personnel actually participate in
carrying out the work concerned.
For example, Area Supervisors
spend a great deal of their time in
actual law enforcement as well as
in supervision of law enforcement
in their respective areas.
The degree to which any individ-
ual can participate in actual work
depends, of course, upon the extent
of his administrative duties. The


farther up the administrative ladder
he goes, the more he is occupied
with administrative matters, and the
less he is able to participate in the
work he is supervising.
One of the most important duties
of the Director is the collection and
assimilation of information from the
various staff members for presenta-
tion to the Commissioners for use in
evaluating and establishing overall
policies of the Commission. It is


EMPLOYEE STABILITY
If you are considering a career in the wildlife conservation and law
enforcement field, you will be interested in the following facts:
Fifty-one percent of all the employees of the Florida Game and Fresh
Water Fish Commission have been employed for a period of five years
or more.
Twenty-seven percent of the employees have been with the Commission
for ten years or longer.
Following is the percentage of employees in the various five-year
brackets:
Employed for Percent of Total
5 to 9 Years 24%
10 to 14 Years 21%
15 to 19 Years 4%
Over 20 Years 2%
Note that the Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, in its present
form, was created on January 1, 1943. A few of the older employees worked
for previous Game Commissions.


the Director's very definite respon-
sibility to keep the Commissioners
fully informed as to activities in the
various phases of conservation en-
deavors, and as to public opinion re-
garding any specific issue. This can
be accomplished by frequent per-
sonal contacts with individual Com-
missioners, and by means of peri-
odic reports covering Commission
activities.
Beyond assisting the Director in
these vital tasks, the Assistant Di-
rector customarily also handles de-
tails such as Personnel employment,
training and qualifications, as well
as revisions of the Wildlife Code
Book rules and regulations, and cer-
tain legal affairs. He does these
things as a portion of his responsi-
bility to the Director.
By the use of such direct descend-
ing lines of authority and adminis-
tration, and by the returning lines
of responsibility, personnel welfare
and public contact, it is possible to
administer a complete and well-
integrated program of wildlife con-
servation for the State of Florida.
0


Administrative
Regions
of the
Florida
Game and Fresh Water
Fish Commission


KEY-1. South Florida Region, Of-
fice at Lakeland; 2. Northeast Flor-
ida Region, Office at Lake City; 3.
Northwest Florida Region, Office at
Panama City, Central Office at Tal-
lahassee; 4. Everglades Florida Re-
gion, Office at Okeechobee; 5. Cen-
tral Florida Region, Office at Ocala.


,~4 ..--'









MERIT


SYSTEM


for Employees


DURING the biennium, the Game
and Fresh Water Fish Com-
mission aligned its Merit System of
Examinations for employees with
the standard procedures of the ap-
proved State Merit System.
The Commission's Merit System
is designed so that all employment
is based on the aptitude and quali-
fications of each employee. The sys-
tem is designed to be a continuous
program which will better fit all
employees of the Commission for
their particular work, and, in turn,
render better service to the people
of the State of Florida.
Since the first examination, Octo-
ber 15, 1955, the Commission has
hired all of its employees under the
Merit System procedures.
An indication of the selectiveness
of the Merit System is that in the
first year of operation, a total of 427
applications for employment was re-
ceived by the Commission. Of the
427 applicants, a total of 51 new
wildlife officers was employed. The
new officers were employed as re-
placements.
All applicants must successfully
complete a series of written exam-
inations, with the examining being
done in various locations through-
out the state in order to encourage
additional examinees. The examin-
ations are then graded by an im-
partial authority the State Merit
System.
Those who successfully complete
the written examinations are then
called before an oral interview
board. Those who successfully com-
plete oral interviews are then placed
on the Commission's Merit System
Eligibility List for employment
when vacancies occur.
New employees are then put
through an extensive training peri-
od, during which they are drilled in-
tensively in all facets of the Com-
mission's programs, policies and op-


erations.
After completing the training
course, the new employees are then
assigned to the field.
Under terms of the Commission's
Merit System, applicants taking ex-
aminations must have a high-school
education, or the equivalent, and


must be between the ages of 21 and
35. Applications for employment
may be made to the Commission at
any time. All applicants are then
notified of the date and places of
the written examinations.
During each year of the Merit
System Examinations, the Commis-
sion finds that the overall caliber
and quality of employee applicants
improves steadily throughout the
year, as prospective employees be-
came familiar with the Merit Sys-
tem of the Commission.
As the result, the Merit System
has enabled the Commission to place
better-qualified and better-trained
officers in the field. The increase in
employee efficiency and morale has
been noteworthy. 0


HOW...
The Average Florida Wildlife Officer Distributes His Time


1% COURT PROCEDURES
1% PUBLIC ASSISTANCE
Rz% PROFESSIONAL IMPROVEMENT
1/3% AIR PATROL
3% FISH MANAGEMENT
1%% e MISC. ACTIVITIES






























Law Enforcement


and



The Wildlife Officer


VIGOROUS enforcement of the
Game and Fish laws will al-
ways be an extremely important
phase of a good wildlife conservation
program. It will always be necessary
to have game and fish laws, and it
will always be necessary to see that
such laws are properly enforced.
Florida's Wildlife Officers have
the tremendous task of enforcing the
game and fish laws applying to ap-
proximately 39,000,000 acres of land
and water within the confines of the
State of Florida. With the second
largest woodland area in the United
States, and with over 30,000 named
fresh-water lakes, countless rivers
and streams, and 58,560 square miles
of territory to patrol, the Florida
Wildlife Officer is faced with a task
that is all-important and never
ending.
Our Florida Wildlife Officers are
engaged in a tremendous task that
is most important to the welfare of
the State of Florida. The importance
of each individual Wildlife Officer


cannot be over-emphasized.
While in the field, the Wildlife
Officer represents the authority, the
responsibility, the duty and the po-
tentiality of the entire Florida Game
and Fresh Water Fish Commission.
To the average fisherman and hunt-
er, who has no other contact with
the Commission, the Florida Wild-
life Officer IS the Florida Game and
Fresh Water Fish Commission.
It is vitally important, therefore,
that our Wildlife Officers be men of
good character and excellent quali-
fications. They must be thoroughly
trained in all techniques of good law
enforcement and must understand
general wildlife conservation and
management principles. It is impor-
tant that they have both good per-
sonal character and educational
background. They must have the
physical stamina necessary to a life-
time of rugged work in the outdoors
under difficult conditions. They
must have the mental attributes
necessary to keep abreast of the


rapid advance in modern wildlife
conservation theories.
The Wildlife Officer must, above
all, be ever courteous and fair in all
matters relating to the sportsmen
and the general public of Florida.
The Wildlife Officer must also be
capable of working independently,
by himself, in wilderness areas
where he cannot obtain either com-
pany, assistance or instructions. He
must, in other words, be self-operat-
ing, self-governing and self-supervis-
ing at many times.
It takes many qualifications to
make a good Wildlife Officer. There-
fore, it is necessary that all Wild-
life Officers pass a strict mental,
physical and character examination
before being employed by the Com-
mission.
One of the more important aspects
of the Law Enforcement branch of
the Commission is that it is sub-
divided geographically, correspond-
ing to the five administrative Re-
gions of The Commission. Each Re-








gion has a force of Wildlife Officers,
supervised by several Area Super-
visors, under the authority of the
Regional Manager.
The job of Wildlife Officer is es-
sentially the same in all Regions of
the State. The Officers must, how-
ever, adapt their work procedure to
fit local circumstances, such as geo-
graphy, topography, population con-
centrations of wildlife and humans,
and seasonal variations. With good
transportation equipment cars,
trucks, Jeeps, airboats, marsh bug-
gies, horses, boats, motors, airplanes
and effective radio communica-
tions, the Florida Wildlife Officers
effectively cover the entire State, in-
sofar as is humanly practicable
under present budgetary require-
ments.
But Law Enforcement, or the sole
responsibility of enforcing the Game
and Fish Laws, is not the Wildlife
Officer's only duty. The Officer is
also expected to serve or assist in
local game and fish management
work, community service, special in-
vestigations and public appearances.
The Wildlife Officer is expected to
make suitable speeches before or-
ganized groups, maintain his equip-
ment in good working order, assist
in fair exhibits and special promo-
tions, and make many appearances
in court. He is also concerned with
maintaining good relations between
the sportsmen of the state and the
Game and Fresh Water Fish Com-
mission. And, since he has special-
ized transportation equipment, good
radio communications and the neces-
sary experience, the Wildlife Officer
is often called upon for aid in search
and rescue missions involving dis-
tressed persons.
In all, the Wildlife Officer has a
well-rounded schedule of duties that
is extremely important in the pro-
gram of conservation, protection and
utilization of our fish and game.
By definition, the Florida Wildlife
Officer is the man who is primarily
concerned with enforcement of the
Game and Fish Laws. However, all
male employees of the Commission,
except office janitors, are actually
commissioned as wildlife officers
with the duty of enforcing the Game
and Fish Laws, no matter what their
routine jobs might be.
Just as the Wildlife Officer is con-


cerned with good public relations, so
is the Information and Education
Officer concerned with Law Enforce-
ment. And, as the Wildlife Officer
is concerned with good game and
fish management work, so, too, is
the Game or Fish Management
Technician concerned with good
Law Enforcement.
The policy that it is mandatory for
all employees to be concerned in all
phases and programs of the Com-
mission is of primary importance to
the sportsmen of the State of Flor-
ida. It is the only way in which a
true wildlife conservation program
may be achieved.
The fine cooperation between the
Wildlife Officers of the Florida
Game and Fresh Water Fish Com-
mission and the Federal Game
Agents of the U. S. Fish and Wild-
life Service in Florida should also
be mentioned. The excellent team-
work between the three Federal
Agents stationed in Florida and our
Florida Wildlife Officers has been
responsible for improved protection
not only of migratory game but of
resident species as well, and has
been extremely effective in many
difficult cases.
There were also continuous im-
provements in the Training Pro-
gram whereby all new Wildlife Offi-
cers undergo a brief but compre-
hensive training program before
being assigned to their duties in


the field. As a result, the inexpe-
rienced officer is much better pre-
pared to assume the responsibilities
of his new job.
All Wildlife Officers, new and old,
undergo periodic Training Schools
where they receive the latest inform-
tion concerning all Commission
programs and activities. In Train-
ing, the accent is on Fish and Game
Laws, Law Enforcement Techniques,
Wildlife Code, Commitment and Im-
prisonment, Searches, Seizures, For-
feitures, and similar topics. Other
studies include the State Constitu-
tion, Game Management, Fish Man-
agement, First Aid and Safety, Fed-
eral Court Procedures, Public Rela-
tions, and many other courses of in-
struction.
The well-trained Wildlife Officer
is a good Wildlife Officer.

The Florida Game and Fresh
Water Fish Commission realizes that
only through the cooperation of an
informed and interested public can
game law violators be controlled
and good conservation practices be
employed. This is the reason why
Wildlife Officers are expected to
serve in so many diverse capacities.

Law Enforcement is, without
question, one of the most important
branches of the many varied pro-
grams and activities carried on by
the Florida Game and Fresh Water
Fish Commission. 0


mum;. -*
- I --
I-, 'N

























Aluminum tag clamped on leg of mallard drake helps collect important game management data.



GAME


MANAGEMENT



DIVISION


AT THE BEGINNING of the 1956-57
fiscal year a number of admin-
istrative changes were made to im-
prove operations. Due to the dis-
continuance of maintenance projects,
W-37-M and W-40-M were combined
to form W-45-D. Functions of W-23-
R were transferred to W-41-R and
those of W-31-D to W-35-D. A new
project, W-46-D, was initiated in
January 1957 to carry out develop-
ment work at Jim Woodruff Reser-
voir. Also in January 1957, Donald
D. Strode, formerly leader, W-32-R,
was assigned duty as Assistant Co-
ordinator.
These changes resulted in an im-
provement in all operations, and
made possible continuation of a
sound and effective program. Re-
search, development, land acquisi-
tion, and administration were main-
tained at a good level.
Land acquisition activities en-
larged the Big Cypress Area to
approximately 132,000 acres, added
36,000 acres to Tomoka Area, and
renewed the lease on the Fisheating
Creek Area. Much time and effort


were devoted to the Guano River
acquisition, but at the close of the
fiscal year results were still not
conclusive due to delay in receiving
necessary opinions from the Attor-
ney General. Other principal acqui-
sition proposals still pending at the
end of the year included joint acqui-
sition with the State Forest Service
of the Withlacoochee Land Use Proj-
ect from the U. S. Forest Service,
and acquisition of additions to the
Gaskin Area.
Development and habitat improve-
ment received the major share of the
funds during the biennium. These
activities were largely confined to
the management areas, and involved
food plots, controlled burning, clear-
ing, and maintenance and construc-
tion of facilities. Plantings on the
Jim Woodruff Area, hog and turkey
trapping at Fisheating Creek and
Myakka Park, and hunt operations
were done with state funds.


E. B. CHAMBERLAIN, JR.
Chief-


During the 1957-58 fiscal year
Florida for the first time undertook
large scale waterfowl development
in its wildlife management program.
This period saw the completion of
lease agreements and all major con-
struction on the Guano River Area,
as well as the completion of the
important primary phases of the Jim
Woodruff Reservoir developments.
Land acquisition activities during
the year added the 58,000 acre Dev-
il's Garden Area in Hendry County,
added 10,000 acres to the Farmton
Area, and added slightly over 26,000
acres to the Lee Area to compensate
in part for the loss of some 71,000
acres there due to sales by the
owners.
Important studies and investiga-
tions dealt with wildlife resources,
habitat changes, and land use in
connection with the Central and
Southern Florida Flood Control
Project; studies of quail, dove, deer,
turkey, waterfowl, squirrel, and
frogs; food habits, and browse,
population, harvest, and inventory
studies.









POSTED
WATER CONSERVATION
"- -- AND --
WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT AREA

NO 006O LUoS TRAPPNC DEVICfS PERMITTED
EXCEPT DURING THE OPEN SEASON
SFOR DEER AND WATERFOWL

I* CENTRAL SOUTHERN FLORIDA
FLOOD CONTROL DISTRICT
ME AND FRESH WATER FISH COMMISS ION
COOPERATING


Particular difficulty has been ex-
perienced in attempting to employ
technical personnel. Vacancies have
existed 10 to 12 months due to lack
of qualified applicants.
This situation is due of course to
a number of factors and is not sub-
ject to any easy solution. The basic
problem, however, is a low pay scale
and lack of recognition for perform-
ance of complex and exacting duties.
Florida is not alone in this problem,
since in general the same troubles
exist throughout the profession.
Florida's pay scale for technical
wildlife personnel is low, but no


lower than that of several other
states.
The great unfortunate result of
these low salaries and lack of proper
recognition is a movement of the
best men out of the profession and
a very strong tendency for young
people in training or selecting a ca-
reer to go into other fields. Wildlife
management thus tends to become
dragged down by mediocrity. Over
the past several years Florida's wild-
life management program has been
blessed with an excellent technical
staff. Already, however, a number
of the better men have left, and
more will inevitably do so. Inevit-
ably, that is, unless this Commission
is willing to take the necessary
steps and spend the necessary mon-
ey to attract and hold the good men
still available.
Without such action, the next bi-
ennial report may tell quite a differ-
ent story than does this, which
summarizes the important aspects
of a successful program in the fol-
lowing tables and project discus-
sions.


TABLE 1. Pittman-Robertson Apportionments and Expenditures of Funds
During Fiscal Years 1956-57, 1957-58, and 1958-59 with Summary of
Projects by Type


1956-57

Per-
Amount* cent


1957-58


Amount*


Per-
cent


1958-59


Amount*


Coordination........ $ 25,581.68 7.2 $ 26,200.00 6.5 $ 25,600.00 6.3
Research............ 131,593.87 37.2 139,613.30 34.9 126,700.00 30.9
Development........ 144,760.10 41.2 234,443.40 58.6 275,500.00 62.8
Maintenance. ....... 50,881.96 14.4 .............. .................. ......

Total........... $ 352,817.61 $ 400,256.70 $ 409,800.00
Apportionment...... $ 196,660.53 $ 237,316.91

Federal monies with matching State funds. These amounts are planned expenditures.

SUMMARY OF PROJECTS BY TYPE

1956-57 1957-58 1958-59

Research ............. 8 8 8
Development ......... 5 (3 containing main- 6 (2 containing main- 6 (2 containing main-
tenance features) tenance features) tenance features)
Coordination ......... 1 1 1
Land Acquisition...... 1 1 1


THE PROJECTS
W-8-L, Charlotte County Game
Management Area Acquisition

Negotiations were completed in
the early spring of 1957 for the ex-
change of Section 13, Township 41
South, Range 23 East, for Section
36, Township 41 South, Range 23
East, and the transfer was formally
completed. This exchange was set
up through an enabling act by the
Legislature during its last session
and permitted the Commission to
straighten its west boundary with-
out expenditure of funds. The land
gained in the exchange is at least as
valuable as that which is lost, with
no difference in acreage.
At the request of the Commission
the Branch of Realty, USFWS, At-
lanta, made an appraisal of lands
involved in two other proposed ex-
changes in Charlotte County. Both
would square up the Commission's
property lines.
The first case involves 75 acres
of State land described as N% of
NW/4, S 25, T41S, R23E and 90
acres of private land in S 25, T41S,
R23E, and S 16, T41S, R24E. The
State land was valued at $200.00
per acre and the private land at
$50.00 per acre. With the acreages
involved, this means the State land
is worth $9,500.00 more than the
private land. It is unlikely this trade
will go through.
The second case involves 240
acres of State land in S 23 and 24,
T42S, R25E, a 160 acre parcel
and an 80 acre parcel. The larger
tract was valued at $75.00 per acre,
the smaller tract at $50.00 per acre.
The private land concerned consists
of 320 acres, the S2 of S 17, T42S,
R25E. It was valued at $55.00 per
acre. Thus, the 240 acres of State
land have a value exactly equal to
the 320 acres of private land. Prob-
ably this trade can be completed.

W-11-R, Charlotte County Quail
Investigation

During 1956-57, research activi-
ties involved principally the collec-
tion and tabulation of routine data
on quail populations, slough grass
abundance, age and sex ratios, quail
food habits, and experimental quail
feeders. Game Publication No. 2 en-









titled, "The Bobwhite Quail and Its
Management in Florida," was writ-
ten by the Project Leader and the
Leader of Project W15-D. This bul-
letin later won an award from the
Southeastern Association.
There was a decrease in the quail
population in 1956-57 under 1955-56
except on the two feeder areas
which showed a slight increase. This
was reflected in only fair hunting
in Charlotte County in general and
a reduction in kill from the previous
year of approximately 1000 birds on
the Cecil M. Webb Management
Area. Analysis of quail wings showed
one of the lowest percentages of
juveniles on record for Charlotte
County. Slough grass production
was extremely low in 1956, approxi-
mately one-fourth that of the pre-
ceding year.
In the fall quail cenus, Feeder
Area No. 1 continued to show a
heavy superiority over Feeder Area
No. 2-35.69 birds per hour as com-
pared to 21.31 birds per hour. Feed-
er Area No. 2, however, showed a
substantial superiority over the por-
tion of the Management Area with-
out feeders-12.72 birds per hour.
During the first quarter of 1957-58
96 additional feeders were installed
on approximately 3,800 acres to en-
large Feeder Area No. 1. The entire
feeder area was fenced to make it
more satisfactorily separated from
the hunt area and to more success-
fully use it in connection with field
trials as well as a research unit.
The total number of feeders on Area
No. 1 was thus brought to 378. Lim-
ited analysis of 1956-57 quail crops
was done in the first quarter and
was completed in the second quar-
ter. During the second quarter, the
annual managed hunt was conduct-
ed on the area from 16 November
until 22 December. A total of 3,799
birds was harvested and 430 crip-
ples were lost.

W-15-D, Farm Game Habitat
Restoration
Work on this project during 1956-
57 has consisted primarily of study
of the quail population on the ex-
perimental area in Jackson County,
the distribution of planting mate-
rial to landowners for quail habitat
improvement, and some follow-up


studies of material distributed pre-
viously. In 1955, bush lespedeza
plantings on the Jackson County
area were seriously affected by sum-
mer drought. A few of these rejuve-
nated during 1956 due to better
growing conditions, and those that
were more seriously affected were
replanted in the spring of 1957 on
the half of the area where plantings
are being maintained. Survival and
growth of these plants have been
fair. During the winter of 1956-57,
the ninth annual mid-winter census
was completed on this area.
Planting materials distributed to
landowners in 34 counties this
spring consisted of 400,000 thun-
bergii lespedeza plants, 8,000 pounds
of partridge pea seed, 5,500 pounds
of combine pea seed, and 4,000
pounds of common lespedeza seed.
Follow-up inspections made last
summer of plantings established
from material delivered in the spring
of 1956 showed the following results:


GULF HAMMOCK
WILDLIFE

MANAGEMENT AREA


A FEDERAL AID PROJECT
NO DOGS OR GUNS
WITHOUT PROPER PERMISSION
('nlina i. ''iiuinn I Ailuh itid


Excel-
lent Good Fair Poor
Thunbergii les-
pedeza ..... 19% 34% 30% 17%
Partridge pea 12% 50% 15% 23%
These results are the best that
have been obtained in recent years.
In 1957, besides distributing plant-
ing material to landowners and co-


TABLE 2. Wildlife Management Areas Operated in 1956-57

ACREAGE
Open to Closed to Ownership Location by County
Hunting Hunting
1. Eglin Air Force Santa Rosa, Walton
Reservation... 390,000 700000 U.S. Air Force......... Okaloosa
2. Blackwater ................. 85,000 Florida Forest Service.. Santa Rosa,
Okaloosa
3. Roy S. Gaskin... 110,000 .......... Private............... Gulf, Bay, Calhoun
4. Liberty .......... 133,120 ......... U.S. Forest Service .... Liberty
5. St. Marks........ 3,000 62,000 U.S. Fish and Wildlife
Service. ............ Wakulla
6. Aucilla .......... 110,000 .......... Private ............ Wakulla, Jefferson,
Taylor
7. Steinhatchee...... 225,000 .......... Private. .............. Dixie, Lafayette
8. Osceola .......... 65,000 42,000 U.S. Forest Service. ... Columbia, Baker
9. Lake Butler ................. 96,000 Private. ............... Union, Baker,
Columbia
10. Little Talbot Island ........... 250 Florida Park Service .. Nassau
11. Gulf Hammock .. 100,000 20,000 Private............... Levy
12. Ocala............ 203,680 79,280 U.S. Forest Service... Marion, Putnam,
Lake
13. Tomoka.......... 50,000 .......... Private............... Volusia
14. Sumter-Citrus. 0,000 .......... Private. .............. Sumter, Citrus
15. Farmton ......... 50,000 .......... Private............... Volusia
16. Croom........... 17,000 ......... U.S. Forest Service .... Hernando
17. Richloam ........ 48,000 .......... U.S. Forest Service .... Hernando, Pasco,
Sumter
18. Holopaw ......... 22,000 .......... Private. ............... Osceola
19. Avon Park ....... 108,000 .......... U.S. Air Force......... Polk, Highlands
20. Okeechobee....... 16,000 ......... Private............... Okeechobee
21. Fisheating Creek.. 100,000 175,000 Private............... Glades
22. Cecil M. Webb .. 57,000 5,000 Game and Fish Comm.. Charlotte
23. J. W. Corbett..... 97,000 ..........Game and Fish Comm.. Palm Beach
24. Lee............. 85,000 .......... Private............... Lee
25. Collier........... 200,000 50,000 Private............... Collier
26. Everglades....... 720,000 .......... Central and Southern
Florida Flood Control Palm Beach,
District ............... Broward, Dade
27. Woodruff......... 5,000 .......... U.S. Corps Engineers... Jackson
28. Camp Blanding... 56,500 13,500 State Armory Board.. Clay
29. Leon-Wakulla... 67,000 .......... U.S. Forest Service.... Leon, Wakulla
30. Big Cypress ...... 119,000 ........ Private.............. Collier








operators and completing the Jack-
son County quail study, the project
leader devoted considerable time to
the Soil Bank Program and to in-
spections of fire ant control work.
During the spring of 1958, planting
material was distributed in 33 coun-
ties. This consisted of 510,000 thun-
bergii lespedeza plants, 6,584 pounds
of partridge pea seed, 9,339 pounds
of combine pea seed, and 3,370
pounds of common lespedeza seed.
A shortage of partridge pea seed last
fall was particularly difficult. In or-
der to prevent a similar occurrence
next year, 300 pounds of seed were
planted in a seed block for harvest-
ing during the fall. At present time,
this block shows promise of pro-
ducing a good yield.
Inspections made during the sum-
mer of 1957 showed the following
results from material distributed
that spring:


Excel-
lent Good Pair Poor
Thunbergii les-
pedeza ..... 0% 29% 35% 35%
Partridge pea 27% 29% 25% 20%
Combine pea.. 13% 62% 21% 4%

Considerable effort has been made
by the project leader to promote
landowner participation in the wild-
life provisions of the Soil Bank Act.
A leaflet was prepared explaining
the wildlife aspects of this program.
This was printed by the Commission
and distributed through the various
county committees. So far, however,
there has been very little participa-
tion in the wildlife practices.
During the latter half of the year,
the great amount of interest and
concern over fire ant control has re-
quired the project leader to devote
considerable time to inspection of
these activities.
The winter quail census of 1958


TABLE 3. Wildlife Management Areas Operated in 1957-58

ACREAGE
Open to Closed to Ownership Location by County
Hunting Hunting
1. Eglin Air Force Santa Rosa,
Reservation...... 390,000 70,000 U.S. Air Force......... Walton, Okaloosa
2. Blackwater......... 85,000 ......... Florida Forest Service.. Santa Rosa,
Okaloosa
3. Roy S. Gaskin ..... 118,300 ......... Private............ Gulf, Bay, Calhoun
4. Liberty............ 133,120 ......... .U.S. Forest Service .... Liberty
5. St. Marks.......... 3,000 62,000 U.S. Fish and Wildlife
Service........ Wakulla
6. Aucilla ............ 110,000 ......... Private. ............. W akulla, Jefferson,
Taylor
7. Steinhatchee........ 225,000 ......... Private. .......... .. Dixie, Lafayette
8. Osceola............ 92,000 ....... .U.S. Forest Service .... Columbia, Baker
9. Lake Butler........ 96,000 ......... Private. .............. Union, Baker,
Columbia
10. Little Talbot Island. ......... 250 Florida Park Service... Nassau
11. Gulf Hammock..... 100,000 20,000 Private............... Levy
12. Ocala ............. 203,680 79,280 U.S. Forest Service.... Marion,
Putnam, Lake
13. Tomoka ........... 50,000 ......... Private. .............. Volusia
14. Sumter-Citrus..... 20,000 ......... Private .............. Sumter, Citrus
15. Farmton ........... 60,000 ......... Private .............. Volusia
16. Croom............. 17,000 ......... U.S. Forest Service .... Hernando
17. Richloam.......... 63,000 ......... U.S. Forest Service. .. Hernando,
Pasco, Sumter
18. Holopaw. .......... 23,000 ......... Private............... Osceola
19. Avon Park ......... 108,000 ......... U.S. Air Force......... Polk, Highlands
20. Okeechobee........ 16,000 .........Private .............. Okeechobee
21. Fisheating Creek.... 100,000 175,000 Private............... Glades
22. Cecil M. Webb..... 57,000 5,000 Game and Fish Comm.. Charlotte
23. J. W. Corbett...... 90,000 ......... Game and Fish Comm.. Palm Beach
24. Lee................ 40,000 ......... Private.............. Lee
25. Collier. ............ 300,000 50,000 Private. .............. Collier
26. Everglades ......... 725,300 ......... Central and Southern
Florida Flood Control Palm Beach,
District ............... Broward, Dade
27. Woodruff........... 6,000 1,000 U.S. Corps Engineers... Jackson
28. Camp Blanding..... 56,M00 13,500 State Armory Board... Clay
29. Leon-Wakulla...... 67,000 ......... U.S. Forest Service. Leon, Wakulla
30. Big Cypress........ 133,000 ......... Private ............. Collier
31. Guano River................ 10,000 Private ............... St. Johns
32. Devil's Garden...... 40,000 18,000 Private................ Hendry


completed field work in the Jackson
County quail study area. This 5,500
acre tract was set up in 1948 for the
purpose of learning the effect of bi-
color and thunbergii lespedeza plant-
ings upon the quail populations of
typical northwest Florida farmlands.
One hundred seven plantings were
made on the area in the spring of
1949. The area was censused with
bird dogs during December of each
year. Results of the study failed to
show that plantings had any mate-
rial effect upon the quail population.
In 1953, the area was divided in
half with plantings being maintained
on one half and destroyed on the
other. Land use practices changed
significantly on the area during the
period of study from corn and pea-
nut cropping to grazing. It is con-
cluded that this change in land use,
plus accompanying climatic condi-
tions during the nesting seasons, had
more effect upon quail populations
than did the food planting program.
W-19-R, Florida Waterfowl
Investigation
Activities during the first quarter
of 1956-57 consisted of completing
the field work on the vegetation
studies of the Kissimmee Valley and
Lake Okeechobee and commencing
the tabulation and analyzation of
these data. The project leader also
attended a review and discussion
period concerning the U. S. Fish
and Wildlife Service mail survey of
waterfowl kill at Patuxent Research
Refuge. During the second quarter,
the Florida duck inventory was com-
pleted and the periodic waterfowl
inventories were flown on estab-
lished transects. A report dealing
with the vegetation of the Northwest
Shore of Lake Okeechobee was pre-
pared in conjunction with the report
presenting recommendations of the
Game and Fresh Water Fish Com-
mission to the Corps of Engineers
and the Central and Southern Flor-
ida Flood Control District. This re-
port was an exceptionally fine piece
of work and aided materially in
establishing the validity of the Com-
mission's recommendations. Other
work carried out during the quarter
included the tabulation and analysis
of the 1955-56 waterfowl populations
on the major transects, the carrying
out of a bag check at Lake Okee-
chobee designed to reveal hunter








error in waterfowl identification and
reporting on mail surveys. During
the third quarter, the periodic wa-
terfowl inventories were completed,
tabulated and analyzed. A paper
dealing with investigations carried
out in the Kissimmee Valley and on
Lake Okeechobee was presented by
Mr. Sincock and Mr. Powell at the
22nd North American Wildlife Con-
ference in Washington. This paper
later won a Southeastern Associa-
tion award as best publication of the
year. Waterfowl trapping activities
were begun at the Titusville station.
During the final quarter, the proj-
ect leader prepared a report dealing
with the wintering waterfowl popu-
lations of the Kissimmee Valley and
their relations to the hydrology,
topography, and distribution of veg-
etation. This report was used by the
Commission in making recommend-
ations to the construction agencies
concerned with water level manage-
ment plans in this area, and resulted
in major modifications in design to
maintain wildlife values.
Trapping stations were operated
at St. Marks and at Titusville. A
total of 3,412 ducks, 3,387 of which
were lesser scaup, was banded. Fifty
percent of the scaup were banded
with a new lock-on experimental
band, and 50% with regular type
bands. Half of those banded with
regular bands were dyed red to aid
in recognition during migratory
movement. There were 3,043 retrap
instances including the times the
nine "foreign retraps" and the 139
returns were trapped after the origi-
nal 1957 trapping. Loss of bands at
the trapping site indicated that the
lock-on band was only a slight im-
provement over the regular band.
Activities during the first quarter
of 1957-58 consisted of field work on
the St. Johns River Valley, the
Florida duck inventory, analysis of
population trends of the Florida
duck, and the preparation of a re-
port on the research needs for the
Atlantic Flyway Council. During the
second quarter of the year analysis
of the St. Johns' data was begun
and the regular periodic waterfowl
inventories were flown. In the third
quarter the periodic waterfowl in-
ventories were continued and sum-
marized, banding activities began,
the analysis of the St. Johns' data


was continued, and a report by the
assistant leader entitled "Florida
Waterfowl Band Recoveries, 1920-
1957" was published. During the
last quarter, a report by the leader
entitled "Waterfowl Ecology in the
St. Johns River Valley as Related
to the Proposed Conservation Areas
and Changes in the Hydrology from
Lake Harney to Ft. Pierce, Florida"
was mimeographed by personnel of
the Vero Beach office. In addition,
the leader spent one week on the
Guano River area cover-mapping
the vegetation and recording water
quality and other data. A brief re-
port was prepared for the files on
the existing vegetation of that area.
One week was spent on the Caloosa-
hatchee River in reconnaissance of
the distribution of the submerged
vegetation and in testing water
quality. Two weeks in June were


devoted to aerial inventory of the
Florida duck population. Mosquito
control personnel in Brevard County
were contacted, and inspection was
made of several of the older mos-
quito impoundments. Inspection was
also made of a newly constructed
mosquito impoundment in Lee
County.
On the Brevard County mosquito
impoundments, the mosquito control
department has started to employ
artesian wells to maintain perma-
nent water levels; this and the com-
plete die-off of practically all pre-
existing vegetation have finally re-
sulted in the establishment of some
good stands of Widgeon-grass (Rup-
pia maritima) in the older impound-
ments. Apparently one of the most
detrimental factors to waterfowl
values, on the impoundments in
which pumping is still used, is the


TABLE 4. Summary of Active Pittman-Robertson Projects Operated in
1956-57, with Tabulation of Personnel

Estimated
Project Name Purpose Total Cost
W- 8-L Charlotte County Game Man- Exchange of lands to consolidate
agement Area Acquisition..... Commission holdings.......... $ None
W-11-R Charlotte County Quail Investi- To study ecology of South Florida
gation. ..................... quail ......................... 9,944.50
W-13-C Wildlife Management Coordina- To administer and supervise pro-
tion ...................... gram ....................... 21,667.84
W-15-D Habitat Restoration for Farm
Game ..................... To improve quail habitat........ 20,319.60
W-19-R Florida Waterfowl Survey...... To study waterfowl ecology...... 15,852.73
W-22-R Mourning Dove Study......... To study dove populations and
migrations................... 4,858.93
W-27-R Eglin Field Deer Investigation.. To study deer populations and
management ................. 6,814.63
W-32-R Ocala Deer Investigation....... To study deer populations and
management ................ 2,610.13
W-33-R Wildlife Inventory, Harvest and To learn statewide harvest and
Economic Survey............ hunting pressures............. 16,742.82
W-35-D North Florida Management Area To develop management areas in
Development............... north and central Florida. ..... 103,200.40
W-39-R Wildlife Investigation of the Cen-
tral and Southern Florida Flood To development management and
Control Project............. operational methods........... 18,262.27
W-41-R Management Area Research..... To study game populations and
management recommendations. 26,620.36
W-43-D Wildlife Development of the Cen-
tral and Southern Florida Flood
Control Project .............. To develop Everglades Area...... 8,286.38
W-44-D Lake Miccosukee Development.. To rip-rap dam and water control
structure....................*
W-45-D South Florida Management Area To develop management areas in
Development............... South Florida. .............. 43,268.04
W-46-D Woodruff Reservoir Development To develop management area.... 14,363.17
$312,811.80


PERSONNEL
Full-time technicians .............. 19 Bookkeeper ....................... 1
Part time technicians .............. 1 Secretarial .................. ...... 2
Full time non-technical ............... 17 Half-time secretarial ................. 1
Part time non-technical................ 7

No costs prior to June 30, 1957.































Establishing wildlife food plots is important game management activity.


failure to maintain permanent water
levels the year-around.
During the winter a total of 1,179
ducks was banded; 1,169 of these
were lesser scaup banded at Titus-
ville. Approximately 50% of these
birds were banded with lock-on
bands and 50% with regular bands.
There were no known instances of
band loss, due presumably to elimi-
nation of wire ends on the traps.
The regular periodic aerial inven-
tories during the fall and winter
months indicated that Florida's total
waterfowl population for the 1957-
58 season was down approximately
25%. The ringneck population was
about average, though the distribu-
tion was quite abnormal. Greater
populations of canvasbacks and red-
heads were found than normally
occur, though mallards, blacks, teal,
baldpate and coot were all low. The
Florida duck population continues
considerably below the average of
previous years.
W-22-R, Mourning Dove Study
The greater part of the project
leader's time has been spent in ana-
lyzing data collected by other per-
sonnel and supervising project ac-
tivities in general. Coding of West
Palm Beach banded birds on Key-
sort cards was continued, and tabu-
lation of these data has been taken
through two phases in an effort to
arrange the data in such manner as
will meet the requirements neces-


sary to proper statistical analysis.
Early in 1957-58, analysis of the
West Palm Beach trapping data was
begun with the aid of Mr. Charles
Blake, who has earned considerable
recognition for his work in banding
and statistical analysis of banding
records. He was recommended by
the Wildlife Management Institute
to assist the project leader in the
present study. The major objectives
of this analysis are estimates of mor-
tality, estimates of population size
throughout the year, estimates of
changes in population size from year
to year, estimates of movements, and
estimates of effects of hunting. Tab-
ulations of the West Palm Beach
data are prepared by the project
leader according to Mr. Blake's di-
rection and are sent to him for
analysis. Although results so far are
quite preliminary, Mr. Blake finds
the mortality of adults to be about
53% per year, with approximately
half of this mortality assignable to
hunting. Motality for the first year
after banding is at present estimated
at 86%.
Wildlife officer random road
counts were run each year from
July through February. The trap-
ping station at West Palm Beach
was continued throughout the bi-
ennium. Total trapping results
through 1957-58 for the project are
20,673 new birds banded and 34,724
birds trapped.


W-27-R, Eglin Field Deer
Investigations

Work during 1956-57 was con-
cerned with Eglin Field, the Apa-
lachicola National Forest, and bear
investigations. During July and Au-
gust, the realignment and reposting
of the Liberty Management Area of
the Apalachicola Forest were com-
pleted, and the buffer zone was
eliminated. The Leon-Wakulla Man-
agement Area was also established
in the Apalachicola National Forest.
The project leader has worked
quite closely with the various bee-
keepers associations in the bee-bear
investigations which were brought
about because of apprehension on
the part of the Game and Fresh
Water Fish Commission concerning
the increasing number of bears re-
ported killed by beekeepers. As a
first step, lists of all registered bee-
keepers in the State were obtained.
Postcard questionnaires seeking cer-
tain information were then sent to
all of these addressees. A return of
approximately 47% was received,
and of these, 11% reported bear
damage. The average reported loss
per individual beekeeper was ap-
proximately $365.00. The number of
bears killed by beekeepers annually
appears to run approximately from
150 to 175. Bear damage areas have
centered around the three national
forests. It was found that most bee-
keepers do nothing to prevent bears
from entering their apiaries until
damage has been suffered. The usual
procedure is then to trap or shoot
the bear. Experimentation with scar-
ing devices, electric fences and plat-
forms, indicated that the platform


I









is the most successful method of pre-
venting bear damage. Plans for such
platforms were drawn up and a sup-
ply of construction drawings made
available to beekeepers. Several
bear traps have also been con-
structed. These will be used in the
trapping and removal of nuisance
animals.
In the annual archery hunt on
Eglin Field, 159 archers killed 7
bucks. During the regular gun sea-
son, 7,625 hunters reported killing
661 bucks. This represents a 7.1%
decrease in the number of gun hunt-
ers from the previous year. Track
counts in the fall of 1956 indicated
an estimated total population of
13,000 deer at Eglin Field. Twenty-
six deer were trapped during Janu-
ary and February from high popu-
lation areas on the Field. Twelve
of these were moved to an area of
suitable habitat in Washington Coun-
ty, while the remaining 14 were ear-
tagged and released at the trap site.
Activities during the first quarter
of 1957-58 were concerned primarily
with general deer investigations,
construction of traps, and a rabies
vector survey in connection with the
Florida State Board of Health. Track
counts during the month of Septem-
ber indicated an estimated 12,500
deer on the 461,000 acres comprising
the Eglin Air Force Base. Observa-
tions of 873 deer in September in-
dicated a buck-doe ratio of one to
six and a fawning success of 36.8/%.
Forty-five wooden deer traps were
constructed to be used during Jan-
uary and February. The rabies sur-
vey indicated that free running dogs
may be taking an annual toll of
some 1,300 deer on the Reservation.
The annual archery and gun hunts
were held at Eglin Air Force Reser-
vation during the second quarter.
Deer were found to feed largely on
live oak acorns and mushrooms from
mid-October to mid-November. At
that time, they began feeding heavi'
ly on water oak acorns, and as a
consequence, moved to more dense
habitat. As a result there was con-
siderable complaint from hunters
who maintained that there was a
scarcity of deer. A total of 202 arch-
ers participated in the bow hunt,
which lasted for 16 days and resulted
in a kill of six bucks. The gun season
was open from 16 November through


2 December and from 19 December
through 2 January, a total of 32
days of hunting. The reported kill
was 637 bucks, though the actual
legal kill is known to be greater.
During the third quarter, a drive
census and track count census were
carried out. The two methods yield-
ed almost identical information with
the track requiring six man-days
and the drive census requiring 288
man-days. Results of these censuses
indicate a population of about 8,600
animals, an increase of 4.6% since
1955. A total of 117 deer was trapped
during January and February, with
67 animals being released on Eglin
Field for movement study and 50
released on closed areas in adjacent
counties.
Deer stomachs collected during
and after the hunting season were


found to contain high percentages
of live oak browse. If this species
continues to be an important deer
food, methods of encouraging sprout
growth will be determined. A rota-
tion system of burning is also being
studied to improve habitat condi-
tions for turkey, deer and quail. One
hundred seventeen hunters harvest-
ed only four turkey during the
spring gobbler season. Poor hunting
success was attributed largely to
cold weather.

W-32-R, Ocala Deer Investigation

During the months of July, Au-
gust and September 1956, the proj-
ect leader worked on deer track
counts, doe-fawn ratios, mushroom
studies, oak seed orchard studies,
and deer condition studies. The prin-
cipal activities during October, No-


TABLE 5. Summary of Active Pittman-Robertson Projects Operated in
1957-58


Project
W- 8-L1
W-11-R
W-13-C
W-15-D
W-19-R
W-22-R
W-27-R
W-32-R
W-33-R
W-35-D
W-39-R

W-41-R

W-43-D

W-45-D
W-46-D
W-47-D


Name

Charlotte County Game Man-
agement Area Acquisition.....
Charlotte County Quail Investi-
gation ................... ..
Wildlife Management Coordina-
tion ................... ....
Habitat Restoration for Farm
G am e ......................
Florida Waterfowl Survey......
Mourning Dove Study.........
Eglin Field Deer Investigation...
Ocala Deer Investigation .......
Wildlife Inventory, Harvest and
Economic Survey............
North Florida Management Area
Development ...............
Wildlife Investigation of the
Central and Southern Florida
Flood Control Project........
Management Area Research.....

Wildlife Development of the
Central and Southern Florida
Flood Control Project ........
South Florida Management Area
Development ................
Woodruff Reservoir Development
Guano River Development......


Purpose
Exchange of lands to consolidate
Commission holdings ..........
To study ecology of south Florida
q u ail .. ... .. .. .. .. .. .. .
To administer and supervise pro-
gram ........................
To improve quail habitat........
To study waterfowl ecology......
To study dove populations and
m igrations ......... ..........
To study deer populations and
management .................
To study deer populations and
m anagem ent .................
To learn statewide harvest and
hunting pressures .............
To development management areas
in north and central Florida....
To development management and
operational methods...........
To study game populations and
make management recommen-
dations.................... ..

To develop Everglades Area......
To develop management areas in
south Florida. ................
To develop management area ....
To develop a waterfowl manage-
ment area through construction
of dike and water control struc-
tures .......................


E iti nated
TotA Cost

$ None
13,185.00
24,750.00
13,100.00
15, 1,0.00
5,025.00
5,100.00
8,030.00
26,800.00
105,100.00

20,800.00

23,000.00

8,950.00
43,150.00
13,450.00


11,335.00
$336,945.00


PERSONNEL


Full time technicians .................. 19
Part time technicians ................. 1
Full time non-technical ............... 21
Part time non-technical ................ 8


Bookkeeper........................ 1
Secretarial ....................... 2
Half time secretarial .................. 1



































Live-trapping, ear-tagging and re-
leasing deer gives data on deer
movements and habits.

vember and December were the
preparation for and collecting of kill
data from the annual archery and
gun hunts. In January 1957, the
project leader was transferred to
Tallahassee to assume duties as As-
sistant Federal Aid Wildlife Coordi-
nator.
Plant measurements were taken
in the deer enclosures and habitat
work conducted by the Forest Serv-


ice was inspected as scheduled. The
1956 hunt provided 28 hunt days
from 20 November through 30 De-
cember. The first six days were
opened to hunting, while Mondays,
Tuesday and Fridays were closed
thereafter except for the last week
of the season. The weather was ex-
tremely dry throughout the hunt
period, making hunting conditions
poor. However, a total of 598 deer,
36 turkey, 142 quail, 14 duck, 2,170
cat squirrels and 100 fox squirrels
was reported at the checking sta-
tions. Spike bucks made up 34% of
the legal kill. Of the deer checked,
93% were in good condition, 5.5%
in fair condition, and 1.5% in poor
condition. Twenty-four infestations
of screw-worms were recorded.
Man-days of utilization during the
1956 season totalled 41,800 and man-
days of hunting totalled 38,100. This
was a decrease of 4,435 man-days of
utilization and 2,877 man-days of
hunting from the 1955 hunt. Aver-
age deer weight increased slightly
from 1955, but in the 13-17 month
age group the increase in both
weight and measurements was sub-
stantial.
Mr. E. L. Tyson assumed the du-
ties of project leader on 15 August
1957. Mr. Tyson had previously
worked with the Commission as
leader of the Eglin Field Deer In-
vestigation. During the first quarter,
he spent much of his time becoming


TABLE 6. Estimated Number of Resident Licensed Hunters Taking Each
Species During the 1956-57 Hunting Season as Determined by the Post-
Season Random Mail Survey


Species


D eer............ ..
Turkey ............
Q uail .............
Squirrel............
Dove (Total) ........
Dove (Early) ........
Dove (Late) ........
Duck. ..............
Coot ..............
G oose .............
Marsh Hen .........
Snipe..............

Number of Licenses..


I

8,800
9,400
14,300
15,100
14,500
13,000
10,600
7,200
2,200
300
800
3,400

30,200


II

9,900
4,300
9,900
18,800
13,100
8,800
7,400
5,600
1,900
700
1,400
900

26,600


DISTRICT

III

10,600
5,800
12,300
23,400
15,500
13,300
9,300
7,600
1,400
2,400
400
1,400

35,700


IV

7,100
4,500
7,500
3,200
10,900
9,500
6,500
7,500
3,200
300
1,100
3,600

18,200


V

11,800
5,500
10,500
15,800
9,300
5,600
6,600
8,000
4,500
100
700
2,000

28,200


State
Total

48,000
29,000
55,000
76,000
63,000
50,000
40,000
36,000
13,000
3,800
4,500
11,400

138,900


familiar with the area and in re-
viewing past progress reports and
work plans, and becoming acquaint-
ed with personnel of the U. S. Forest
Service. Track counts were made on
approximately 85 miles of road and
an average of 19.7 tracks per mile
was found during the first quarter.
Considerable time during the sec-
ond quarter was devoted to super-
vising the annual archery and gun
hunts and in collecting kill data
from these hunts. Other activities
consisted of food habits studies and
acorn production studies.
During the 1957-58 hunt, a known
total of 791 deer was removed from
the area. Of these, 723 were legal
bucks, five were killed by archers,
and 63 were illegal kills or kills due
to miscellaneous causes. The aver-
age weight of the legal bucks was
105 pounds, the lowest on record. It
is felt that this may be the result
of this year's poor acorn crop. Dur-
ing the year, only 15 animals were
found to be infested with screw-
worm.
Continued emphasis was placed
on mushroom and mushroom pro-
duction studies during the last quar-
ter. A key to the common genera
of mushrooms in the Ocala Forest
was prepared by the project leader.
Control burns were carried out
on 2,200 acres of longleaf pine lands
and plans made to keep power-line
rights-of-way clear by cutting vege-
tation with a large chopper.

W-33-R, Wildlife Inventory, Harvest
and Economic Survey
During the first quarter of 1956-
57, compilation and analysis of data
on the 1955-56 mail questionnaires
was completed and reported upon.
A special report was prepared and
submitted to the Commission prior
to the regulations meeting in mid-
July. This dealt with public opinion
regarding the staggered day hunting
regulation. Most of the rest of the
project leader's time was spent in
advising and assisting in tabulation
and analysis of data from other proj-
ects. The project leader also at-
tended the mail surveys training
session conducted at the Waterfowl
Biometry Office at Patuxent Re-
search Refuge. Practically all of the
second quarter was devoted to plan-
ning for and conducting the collec-
tion and analysis of kill data from


Slight discrepancies in total are due to method of rounding each estimate independently from detailed com-
putation sheets.









the management areas. The job was
carried out by mark sense proce-
dures and functioned extremely well
on some areas but with only fair
success on others. During the third
quarter, work was conducted on
mail questionnaires for the 1956-57
season, analysis of data from the
management areas, evaluation of the
mark sense procedure technique,
and collection of kill data. Work on
the mail questionnaires continued
through the final quarter but also
included analysis of hunting license
stubs, quail population studies, and
sportsman opinion surveys. Two spe-
cial reports were prepared, one deal-
ing with hunter opinion on the
everyday hunting regulation which
was put into effect last season in
the First and Fourth Districts, the
other dealing with hunting pressure
in these districts under this regula-
tion. Results of the opinion survey
show that 74% of the respondents
from the First District and 83% of
those from the Fourth District were
in favor of the regulation permitting
hunting every day. Results of the
report on hunting pressures indi-
cated no difference due to the regu-
lation changes. It is, of course, pos-
sible that some difference occurred,
but if so were too slight to be of
any significance.
The project leader spent two days
attending a meeting of the statistical
sub-committee of the Forest Game
Research Needs Committee in At-
lanta and the last three weeks of
the quarter attending the summer
session at North Carolina State Uni-
versity while on annual leave. An
assistant leader for this project was
employed and assumed his duties
on 1 April.
In the first quarter of 1957-58,
work was conducted on mail ques-
tionnaires, analysis of hunting li-
cense stubs, and coordination of data
from other sources. The project
leader attended a summer session at
North Carolina State College on an
annual and a compensatory leave
status. He returned to the Institute
of Experimental Statistics at Raleigh
in September to carry out analysis
of mail survey procedures and check
station data under supervision of
laboratory personnel. The assistant
project leader attended a three day
IBM school in Jacksonville and


spent considerable time with the
Engineering Department at the Uni-
versity of Florida working on con-
struction of a directional traficounter
to be used on the managed hunt
areas.
Principal work during the second
quarter was on mail questionnaires
and the collection and tabulation of
data from the managed hunt areas,
A sampling technique using random
road blocks was designed by the
project leader and put into effect
on seven management areas. Con-
siderable time was devoted to in-
structing field personnel in the
proper operation and procedures in-
volving traficounters and the mark
sense system. During January, data
from the managed hunts were col-
lected and analyzed. The IBM cards
were punched, sorted and tabulated
at the Leesburg office and at the
IBM Service Bureau in Jackson-
ville. This work continued into Feb-
ruary and was largely completed by
early March. During February, ini-
tial work was done on the drawing
of samples for the regular post-
season mail surveys. Kill material
consisting of antler size data, turkey
age and weight data, and hog kill
data was tabulated. Hunting pres-
sure and harvest for the manage-
ment areas were calculated and
presented. Follow-up mailings in the
regular post-season series continued
until April and May. Data from re-
turns were punched into IBM cards


IBM mark sense cards are used to
record and machine-analyze man-
agement data collected.
as they were received in the Lees-
burg office.
W-35-D, North Florida
Management Area Development
During 1956-57, work plans were
followed on all areas. On the Gaskin
Management Area all existing quail
food plots were reworked and fer-
tilized. Approximately 350 plots are
in good condition. Carpet grass was
seeded along 20 miles of old roads
and fire lanes. A total of 32 quail
food plantings was also put out on
the Blackwater area inside of the
Floridale Pasture. These plantings
consisted of partridge pea and les-
pedeza.
On the Tomoka area, a storage
building consisting of a prefab metal
unit and an open front equipment
shed was completed. With the help


TABLE 7. Estimated Total Man-Days of Hunting Pressure expended for
Each Species by Resident Licensed Hunters During the 1956-57 Hunting
Season, as Determined by the Post-Season Random Mail Survey


Species
I


D eer .......... .
Turkey .. .. .
Quail ...............
Squirrel ...... .
Dove (Total) ........
Dove (Early)........
Dove (Late) ........
Duck ..............
Coot .............
Goose .............
Marsh Hen ... ....
Snipe.... ..........


60,000
43,000
112,000
91,000
109,000
50,000
59,000
37,000
12,000
800
2,100
12,000


II

72,000
24,000
67,000
126,000
76,000
40,000
36,000
28,000
12,600
2,100
3,900
3,300


DISTRICT

III

89,000
26,000
86,000
146,000
105,000
61,000
44,000
36,000
3,800
6,800
1,500
5,600


IV

46,000
26,000
54,000
13,000
93,000
56,000
37,000
38,000
13,500
1,100
4,200
8,300


V

100,000
35,000
72,000
119,000
66,000
30,000
37,000
60,000
29,800
500
3,600
8,400


State
Total

370,000
150,000
390,000
490,000
450,000
240,000
210,000
200,000
72,000
11,000
15,000
38,000


Slight discrepancies in totals are due to method of rounding each estimate independently from detailed com-
putation sheets.


21


---







































Plans for construction of bear-proof
bee-hive platforms are available.

of the County Commission and the
landowners, one bridge was con-
structed across the Big Tomoka
River and two were built on com-
pany roads. In addition, three cul-
verts were placed in grades under
construction. Eleven and three-quar-
ter miles of such grades were
built and 12 miles of old grade were
reworked. Fence construction and


maintenance on the Tom
consisted of building three
boundary fence on the n
corner of the Hudson tract
ment of boundary fence ad
Highway 92 on the south
the area, and additional sp
tenance in other locations
signs were put up as nece
total of 129 miles of firebr
plowed and 180 miles of ol
were reworked. Controlled
was done on 1,900 acres of
Food plots on the area
worked and planted du
spring months. In Decembl
bulletin was published on
moka Management Area.
On the Farmton area, two
were installed in construct
and a half miles of new g
the landowner, and six mi
grades were reworked. F
fences were repaired anc
good condition. Managem
boundary signs were rep
necessary. The landowner
60 miles of old firelane
structed 13 miles of new fi
bulldozer while working 25
old firebreak with plow an
A total of 1,300 acres was c
burned. Three food plots
cleared, plowed and see
plots were dressed with
fertilized.
Work on the Lake Bu
consisted of maintenance
storage shed, replacement


Table 8. Estimated Total Kill of Each Species by Resident Licen
ers During the 1956-57 Hunting Season, as Determined by
Season Random Mail Survey


Species


D eer...............
Turkey.............
Quail ...............
Squirrel. ...........
Dove (Total) ........
Dove (Early)........
Dove (Late) ........
Duck ...............
Coot ................
G oose ..............
Marsh Hen .........
Snipe...............


I

1,700
5,700
437,000
240,000
464,000
210,000
253,000
67,000
27,000
200
2,700
28,000


DISTRICT

II III IV


2,100
1,600
232,000
375,000
334,000
182,000
152,000
41,000
20,000
500
15,300
6,000


3,300
2,800
282,000
425,000
451,000
271,000
180,000
45,000
10,000
2,600
2,900
7.000


1,500
2,900
183,000
25,000
378,000
234,000
144,000
76,000
38,000
200
8,300
26,000


V

2,800
4,000
274,000
344,000
303,000
133,000
169,000
121,000
85,000
100
10,600
19,000


Slight discrepancies in totals are due to method of rounding each estimate independently from
stationn sheets.


oka area wire on the exterior boundary as
miles of required, planting and cultivation of
northwest 34 food plots, the plowing of 275
,realign- miles of firelane, and replacement of
jacent to timber in two cattle gaps.
Side of On the Camp Blanding area, two
>ot main- checking stations were constructed
Posted for use during the hunt, and the
essary. A hog-proof fence around the portion
eaks was of the area north of Road 16 was
d breaks completed. Ninety miles of interior
burning and exterior boundary fence were
pineland. posted with regular management
were re- area signs. The quail food plots
ring the cleared in 1956 were widened ap-
er 1956 a proximately four feet to give them
the To- an average width of 16 feet. Plots
planted in the spring of 1957 have
culverts an average width of 18 feet. Ninety
ing three of the quail food plots are in the
rades by north range, while 14 are in the
les of old south range. One turkey food plot
ood plot was planted to combine peas. Eighty-
i put in five quail feeders and seven turkey
ent area feeders were set up and maintained.
)laced as On the Steinhatchee area, all
reworked checking stations were treated with
and con- wood preservative and maintenance
relane by work on exterior boundary fences
Smiles of required approximately 850 posts.
I harrow. Two food plots of two acres each
controlled were fenced. Boundary signs were
were re- replaced as necessary and 36 miles
ded. All of fence were painted with identifi-
lime and cation yellow. Plantings made last
year at Little Talbot Island were
tler area quite successful. These consisted of
on the Japanese millet, Egyptian wheat,
Sf and cattail millet. Waterfowl utili-
of fence
zation through the winter was good.
During the year, development in
sed Hunt- Gulf Hammock consisted largely of
the Post- fence maintenance, fence construc-
tion, road maintenance, and the de-
velopment of food plots. All check-
ing stations were maintained through
State the year, and doors were constructed
Total for the equipment shed. Consider-
able time was spent clearing and im-
11,500 proving woods roads, maintaining
17,100 cattle gaps, and clearing rights-of-
1,410,000
1,410,000 way for new fence construction. Ap-
1,900,000 proximately 75% of the boundary
1,030,000 fence was checked and maintained
900,000 during the year. Nine food plots
350,000 were planted or maintained on the
180,000 area. These received good utilization
3,800 by deer and turkey. During the con-
40,000 trolled hunt, there was a recorded
86,000 kill of 182 deer, 139 turkey, 5,483
gray squirrels, and 672 ducks.
detailed con- To summarize activities for 1956-
To summarize activities for 1956-









57, a total of 450 one-eighth acre
food plots was planted in partridge
pea on the Gaskin, Blackwater,
Camp Blanding, Inverness, Croom,
and Aucilla areas. A total of 102
food plots ranging in size from one
to five acres was planted and ferti-
lized on all areas combined. Thirty-
five miles of grades were planted in
grasses on the Gaskin and Aucilla
areas. Maintenance of boundary
fence was carried on in the Stein-
hatchee, Tomoka, Lake Butler, Gulf
Hammock and Aucilla areas. Main-
tenance of approximately 60 miles
of roads on Gulf Hammock, To-
moka, Sumter-Citrus, and Au-
cilla areas consisted of clearing
and filling in low spots to allow bet-
ter access. Approximately 350 miles
of fire lanes were replowed on the
Tomoka, Farmton, and Lake Butler
areas. Gates and cattle gaps were
replaced or repaired on the Tomoka,
Lake Butler, Gulf Hammock, Au-
cilla, and Steinhatchee areas. Tur-
key and quail feeders were main-
tained and serviced on the Camp
Blanding, Tomoka, Lake Butler,
Gulf Hammock, Aucilla, and Sum-
ter-Citrus areas. Coastal marshes
were burned and cover crops plant-
ed on existing goose food plots on
the St. Marks and Aucilla areas.
In 1957-58, a total of 625 food plots
was planted and fertilized in le-
gumes and grasses for quail, deer,
turkey, dove and other species of
wildlife that utilize plantings of this
kind. Of this total, 436 one-eighth
acre plots were planted or renovated
with partridge pea and lespedeza for
quail on the Camp Blanding, Gaskin,
Croom and Inverness areas. The
other 189 plots, ranging in size from
one to five acres, were planted in
combine peas and grasses for turkey
and deer on the Gaskin, Blackwater,
Aucilla, Steinhatchee, Camp Bland-
ing, Lake Butler, Farmton, Tomoka,
Richloam, Croom, Sumter Citrus,
Inverness and Gulf Hammock areas.
Additional plot work was curtailed
by high water on the Gaskin, Au-
cilla, and Gulf Hammock areas.
All management areas were
checked for replacement of bound-
ary line signs. All areas have tops
of posts painted in bright yellow
approximately 200 feet apart for
boundary line identification. This
work was redone on the Farmton,


Gulf Hammock, Richloam, Sumter-
Citrus, Croom and Inverness areas.
Maintenance of boundary fence was
accomplished on Gulf Hammock,
Steinhatchee, Lake Butler, Tomoka
and Aucilla areas.
All buildings, checking stations
and equipment sheds were main-
tained in the form of painting or
replacement of lumber on all the
management areas.
Road maintenance was carried out
on Gulf Hammock, Aucilla, Sumter-
Citrus and Tomoka areas. Approxi-
mately 900 miles of old and new fire
lanes were plowed on Tomoka,
Farmton and Lake Butler areas.
Gates and cattle gaps replaced
or repaired on the Tomoka, Farm-
ton, Lake Butler, Gulf Ham-
mock, Aucilla and Steinhatchee
areas. Turkey and quail feeders
were maintained and serviced on
Blackwater, Gulf Hammock, Lake
Butler, Camp Blanding, Richloam,
Sumter-Citrus and Tomoka areas.
Goose food plots were maintained
on St. Marks and Aucilla areas.

W-39-R, Wildlife Investigation of the
Central and Southern Florida
Flood Control Projects

Throughout the biennium, liaison
was maintained with the Central
and Southern Florida Flood Control
District, the Corps of Engineers,
Fish and Wildlife Service, U. S. Geo-


logical Survey, Agricultural Re-
search Service, Extension Service,
Soil Conservation Service, Depart-
ment of Conservation, State Land
Use and Control Commission, Flor-
ida Development Commission, and
various other groups. Assistant Lead-
ers Loveless and Ligas were partic-
ularly active in the initiation of an
inter-agency alligator weed control
program and attended a series of
conferences relative to this new
problem. They also spent several
days in conference and in the field
with personnel of the U. S. Geologi-
cal Survey in connection with trans-
fer of field operation of the gaging
program in Conservation Area 2 and
parts of Conservation Area 3 from
that agency to the Commission.
A preliminary vegetation type
map and soils map of Conservation
Area 2 were completed. Permanent
camp sites in Conservation Area 3
were plotted on aerial photographs
and submitted to the FCD for de-
termination of land ownerships as
related to camp locations. It was
found that most of the camps were
situated on state-owned lands and
thus subject to removal.
Nine previously established per-
manent vegetation quadrats were
photographed and examined periodi-
cally. Four permanent quadrats
were established on three tree is-
lands to measure changes resulting


TABLE 9. Estimated Number of Resident Licensed Hunters of Each
Species During the 1957-58 Hunting Season as Determined by the Post-
Season Random Mail Survey


Species


D eer...............
Turkey.............
Q uail ...............
Squirrel. ...........
Dove (Total) ........
Dove (Early)........
Dove (Late)........
D uck ...............
C oot...............
G oose..............
Marsh Hen.........
Snipe ...............

Number of Licenses..


I

8,800
10,300
18,600
15,200
21,200
10,600
10,600
5,400
1,400
300
700
3,500

32,400


10,300
4,700
12,300
19,000
17,400
9,900
7,500
4,900
1,500
600
1,400
1,100

28,600


DIsTRICT

III

9,500
7,800
14,100
23,300
20,700
11,600
9,100
6,600
1,000
1,700
600
2,000

37,500


IV V


7,300
4,500
8,100
3,800
14,700
8,700
5,900
5,900
2,700
200
1,400
2,600

20,300


12,600
6,400
13,900
16,400
14,100
7,800
6,400
8,500
3,200
200
600
2,100

31,600


State
Total

48,600
33,600
66,900
77,600

48,600
39,600
31,400
9,800
3,100
4,800
11,200

.150,400


Slight discrepancies in totals are due to method of rounding each estimate independently from detailed com-
putation sheets.


IV








from fire, changed water levels,
deer browse, and other factors. Con-
clusions so far drawn from the vege-
tative studies indicate the following:
(a) Plant successional stages in
the Everglades formation normally
progress very slowly except under
conditions of extreme environmental
'forces such as fire and drought.
When these forces are exerted by
the physical environment, rapid and
intense vegetational and ecological
changes occur. (b) A majority of
the vegetational changes occurring
as result of fire and drought ap-
pear, however, to be for the
most part of a temporary nature.
(c) Many plant species in the glades
are very fire tolerant. Among the
more conspicuous are maidencane,
sawgrass, willow, and royal fern.
During dry years, many weed spe-
cies invade the marsh communities.
(d) Sawgrass exhibits less tolerance
to abnormal water level fluctuations
than perhaps any other major spe-
cies in the glades. It attains its
greatest density on sites that are
covered with some surface water
nine to ten months of the year, but
too much or too little of water pro-
duces stunted, sparse stands that
rarely produce seed. (e) Water
levels appeared to be a major factor
determining the growing period of
most of the semi-aquatic annuals in
the area.
Soil samples collected from open
marsh or sawgrass peat areas were
found to have a pH range of 5.9 to
6.8. The pH of the tree island soils
or Gandy peat ranged from 4.1 to
6.3. Water samples were taken dur-
ing the year at gage stations in Con-
servation Area 2 and analyzed by
the U. S. Geological Survey. Ap-
proximately 80 plant specimens
were collected, pressed, dried, and
mounted on herbarium sheets.
Comprehensive reports on Con-
servation Area 2 and the Northwest
Shore of Lake Okeechobee were
prepared and submitted to the con-
struction agencies for their guidance
in planning. A preliminary report
on the status and life history of the
southern bullfrog in the Florida Ev-
erglades was prepared.


gages in the Conservation Areas and
located and m a p p e d additional
squatter camps in Areas 2 and 3.
As a result of this attention to the
squatter problem, the Commission
adopted a policy at its meeting of
15 February outlining its objections
to location of camp structures with-
in the management areas.
Based on the 1957-58 hunting sea-
son kill and field observations, it is
believed that the deer population of
Areas 2 and 3 totaled 7,000 to 9,000
animals prior to the high water pe-
riod of October and November, 1957.
It is estimated that during the hunt-
ing season, approximately 550 legal
bucks were harvested, and high
water during the fall and winter re-
sulted in the loss due to starvation
and disease of six to eight percent
of the herd. The mean weight of
119.4 pounds for deer taken in Con-
servation Areas 2 and 3 corresponds
quite closely with the figure of 120.7
pounds for deer killed in the Ocala
National Forest.
Frogging was quite active in
Areas 2 and 3 during the first quar-
ter but limited in the latter part of
the second and early part of the
third quarters. It is estimated that
5,000 ducks and 2,500 coots were
taken during the waterfowl season.
Collection of field data for the
vegetative type map of Conserva-
tion Area 3 continued throughout
the year. Arrangements were made


for the Belle Glade Experiment Sta-
tion to run chemical analyses of the
more common deer browse plants
in order to determine nutritive con-
tent. Frog studies have continued
to determine growth rate, breeding
size, production, food habits studies,
and movement. Experimental alli-
gator weed control work was dis-
continued during the high water
period. Work accomplished during
the late summer with applications
of 2,4-D at a concentration of four
pounds acid equivalent per acre
mixed with "aqua herb" at the same
concentration showed these chemi-
cals to be effective in controlling
this pest. However, a complete kill
was not achieved and additional ex-
perimental work is required.
Assistant Leader Loveless pre-
sented a paper on Vegetation Clip-
ping Studies at the Southeastern
Meeting in Mobile, which won the
award for the best paper at the
meeting.

W-41-R, Management Area
Research

Activities during the biennium
have consisted of analysis and col-
lection of kill data during the hunt
seasons, vegetation studies in the In-
verness Area, deer track counts,
deer dart gun experiments, food
habits studies, mast studies, turkey
feeder studies, cooperative deer dis-
ease studies, food plot utilization


TABLE 10. Estimated Total Man-Days of Hunting Pressure Expended
for Each Species by Resident Licensed Hunters During the 1957-58 Hunt-
ing Season, as Determined by the Post-Season Random Mail Survey


Species


D eer...............
Turkey............
Quail ...............
Squirrel ...........
Dove (Total)........
Dove (Early) ........
Dove (Late) ........
Duck............
Coot..............
G oose.............
Marsh Hen .........
Snipe..............


DISTRICT


I II

52,100 80,400
48,400 26,200
156,500 87,200
91,900 141,500


115,200
50,200
65,000
24,100
4,100
1,000
1,100
12,000


83,200
43,000
40,200
22,300
7,100
2,600
3,100
2,600


III

79,600
42,900
109,700
178,800
105,900
58,900
47,000
34,400
3,200
6,300
900
5,400


IV

46.800
26,900
65,700
16,700
84,800
51,000
33,800
32,000
10,600
900
4,500
9,500


V

108,200
38,900
98,100
120,400
82,500
39,700
42,900
48,600
21,700
1,100
2,800
8,400


State
Total

367,200
183,200
517,300
549,400
471,700
242,800
228,900
161,300
46,700
11,900
12,400
38,000


Project personnel continued dur- Slight discrepancies in totals are due to method of rounding each estimate independently from detailed cor-
ing 1957-58 to service water level putation sheets.









studies, dove bag checks, turkey
poult counts, Apalachicola habitat
studies, J. W. Corbett Wildlife
Management Area studies, and
preparation of a technical bulletin
on the deer browse studies com-
pleted under this project.
The management area hunting
pressure and kill during the 1956
season showed totals of 122,938 man-
days of utilization, 114,831 man-days
of hunting, and a kill of 1,524 deer,
1,685 turkey, 22,000 quail, 33,430 cat
squirrel, 1,350 fox squirrels, 680
dove, 3,000 ducks, 374 geese, and
376 snipe. The kill of turkeys in the
special season held for the second
year in Hardee, DeSoto, Sarasota
and Manatee Counties totalled 1,980
birds.
In order to aid in the evaluation
of usage of turkey food plots, six
soil sterilizing agents were tested to
determine which gave best results
in keeping vegetation out of the
evaluation strips. In these tests,
Ureabor and Gerstley Borate both
gave good results.
A total of 179 turkey crops col-
lected on the various management
areas was analyzed, as were 55 deer
stomachs.
Attempts were made to tag deer
in the Inverness area through the
use of the dart gun, but inclement
weather conditions hampered these
operations. Three exclosure plots
were established in the Inverness


area to determine the value
tent of available browse in
hammock areas. One plot
trol burned, one disced ar
ized, and one left in natur
tion.
One hundred and tw
plant species were collected
and identified in the J. W
Management Area. ExpE
plantings procedures in the
water control area there h
successful.
The three ranger district
Apalachicola Forest were
examined, and field chec
with Forest Service person
termine land use practices
effects upon wildlife. The
of the land use practices nc
on the Forest are benefit
work and pine plantation
may be detrimental.
Recommendations jointly
by the U. S. Forest Servic
Commission have been
quite closely to minimize
tal effects upon the habitat

W-43-D, Wildlife Develop
the Central and Sout
Florida Flood Cont
Project

Activities during 1956-
concerned principally with
tion of ponds, posting of the
ment area, control of noxi


TABLE 11. Estimated Total Kill of Each Species by Resident
Hunters During the 1957-58 Hunting Season, as Determined by
Season Random Mail Survey


Species


D eer .......... ....
Turkey............
Quail ...............
Squirrel ..........
Dove (Total) ........
Dove (Early) ........
Dove (Late) ........
D uck...............
Coot ...............
Goose .............
Marsh Hen.........
Snipe ...............


Slight
putation


I

1,200
5,900
693,800
252,200
475,700
223,900
251,800
36,400
22,600
400
2,100
33,900


II

3,100
2,400
372,900
454,200
363,800
198,000
165,800
31,400
18,100
800
12,000
7,100


DISTRICT

III

2,800
5,400
424,500
460,000
498,400
278,800
219,600
42,300
8,000
2,500
2,500
7,900


IV

1,400
2,800
245,900
31,400
339,600
213,900
125,700
60,600
19,100
300
5,200
26,700


V

4,000
3,600
288,800
332,400
271,200
132,300
138,900
89,400
58,300
200
11,000
20,000


discrepancies in totals are due to method of rounding each estimate independently from
sheets.


Sand ex-
live oak
was con-
nd fertil-
al condi-

enty-nine
pressed,
Corbett
erimental
265 acre
ave been

ts of the
carefully
ks made
nel to de-
and their
majority
)w in use station, maintenance and repair of
cial. TSI equipment, and a wide variety of
site work miscellaneous jobs. No trails nor
ponds were cut with the rotary
d marsh digger during the past year
adopted due to extremely low water condi-
e and the
tions. Eight miles of trails were cut
followed with a light disc and stalk cutter
detrimen- during the drier season. Six ponds
one-quarter acre to one acre in size
were built in the southeast corner
ment of of Area 2 with a bulldozer. Four
hern large management area signs were
rol made and placed at major access
points. Control of noxious vegeta-
tion has been directed primarily to-
57 were ward alligator weed and to a lesser
construc- extent toward hyacinths. Alligator
manage- weed has been experimentally treat-
ous vege- ed with CMU, Aquaherb, 2,4-D and
2,4,5-T.

Licensed Eight miles of trail were cut in
the Post- the south end of Conservation Area
2 in the fall of 1957 with the rotary
marsh digger and five miles of trail
were cleaned out in May and June.
State Two ponds were cleared out and one
Total other pond was partially cleared
__with the rotary marsh digger. All
12,600 ponds are now available for water-
20,200 fowl usage and boat traffic.
2,026,000 A total of 2,300 gallons of herbi-
1,530,200 cide mix, at a concentration of four
1,948,600
1,9046 00 pounds acid equivalent per acre,
1,046,800
901,800 were applied to hyacinth and alli-
260,200 gator weed.
126,100 Boundary markers and project
4,000 equipment were maintained. A
32,700 building was procured at the Brow-
95,600 ard County airport in Ft. Lauderdale
and furnished with office, labora-
detailed co.n- tory, and equipment storage facili-
ties.









W-44-D, Lake Miccosukee
Development

This project was designed to per-
mit cooperation by the Game and
Fresh Water Fish Commission with
the County Commissioners of Leon
and Jefferson Counties, along with
the Trustees of the Internal Im-
provement Fund, for the construc-
tion of a dike and control structure
on Lake Miccosukee. The Commis-
sion's contribution is to partially
finance the installation of rip-rap
along the dam and at the control
structure. This work would be done
by the counties, the Commission
being responsible for purchase of
materials. Since no rip-rapping has
been done, however, the project has
been entirely inactive.

W-45-D, South Florida Management
Area Development

This project provides for develop-
mental activities on the Avon Park,
Collier, Big Cypress, Devil's Gar-
den, Fisheating Creek, J. W. Cor-
bett, Lee, Okeechobee, Holopaw, and
Webb Management Areas.
Activities on the Avon Park area
in 1956-57 included clearing and


discing of a five acre food plot, clear-
ing 10 miles of jeep trail, and the
planting of 12 acres to bahia grass,
carpet grass, millet, combine peas,
hegari, Egyptian wheat, and par-
tridge peas. Food plots were fenced
and all exterior fencing was checked
and posted.

During the first three quarters of
the year on the Collier area, 12 miles
of abandoned logging grade were
disced, fertilized and seeded to Pen-
sacola bahia, sunflowers and pigeon
peas. Approximately 35 miles of
boundary were checked and re-
posted. Twenty-five miles of aban-
doned logging grade were cleared of
cross ties by the TD-14. Twenty
small bridges were decked with
cross ties on this grade. During the
last quarter, 10 miles of the aban-
doned logging grade were disced
with the Ford tractor and seeded to
carpet grass and Pensacola bahia.
Seven frame checking stations were
repainted and maintained on the
Fisheating Creek area, five wells
were put down to provide water at
these stations, and the entire ex-
terior boundary was reported prior
to the hunting season. Ten acres of
turkey food plots were planted in


grasses, peas and chufas. A total
of 187 turkeys was trapped on Fish-
eating Creek and released on 14
areas. An additional 35 birds were
caught at Myakka State Park.

A five year management plan was
drawn for the Corbett area under
which development and maintenance
features were outlined in detail
based on a budget allotment of reg-
ular project funds and the annual
payment to the Commission by
P r a tt Whitney Corporation. An
eight foot fence has been con-
structed around a 100x150'area at
the site of the vacated Amerada oil
well to enclose an equipment shed
and equipment storage area. A new
Ford tractor was recently purchased
with Pratt-Whitney funds and a new
fertilizer distributor and grass
seeder also purchased. Ten acres
have been disced, planted and fer-
tilized, while approximately seven
miles of fence have been repaired
and posted during the last quarter.
Two of the original three turkey
feeders have been moved to better
locations and a new feeder has been
constructed.

One checking station was moved


TABLE 12. Tabulation of Hunting Pressure and Game Killed on State Operated Management Areas During the
1956-57 Hunting Season


O cala................... 01
Osceola .... ... ... ... 02
Liberty. .............. 03
St. Marks. ............... 05
Leon-W akulla .......... .06
Gulf Hammock ........... 11
Avon Park .. ........ .12
C. M W ebb .............13
Steinhatchee ........ .. .14
Farmton........ .. .... 15
Tomoka...... ....... .. 16
J.W. Corbett. . 17
Collier.............. ...18
Sumter-Citrus ........ 20
Fisheating Creek....... 21
Aucilla .......... .......22
Lee ................ .. 23
Richloam .............. 24
G askin ................. 26
Holopaw................ 27
Croom .................. 28
Okeechohee .... ...... 29
Blanding .................30
T otal...............


Man Days Man
Utilization Hunt
Days

41,800 38,100
1,600 1, 500
1,300 1,300
823
2,200 2,200
13,400 11,00
3,400 3,400
718 718
7,300 6,500
5,700 5,300
2,100 2,000
4,900 4,800
9,400 8,700
2,800 2,500
5,700 5,400
8,700 8,100
1,300 1,300
2,600 2,500
2,000 2,000
440 410
3,700 3,500
380 380
1,500 1,500
122,938 114,831


GAME KILLED


Deer


Turkey


1,524 1, 685


Squ
Quail
Cat
142 2,174
0 138
0 1,281
1 2
54 5,483
4,306 319
3,481 ... .
66 2,614
284 897
40 308
1,212 5
890 249
100 5,649
5,610 992
125 9,257
3,238 52
208 1,824
484 42
266 0
56 1,258
832 0
615 895
22,008 33,439


irrel

Dove


Fox
103
8
22
4
136
10
43
133
19
0
223
75
48
0
49
106
40
2
283
3
48


1,355


Goose

0
0
0
--


Duck

14
0
20
135
0
672
29
235
12
1
15
35
374
189
916
239
101
1
1
43
25
6
3,063


Snipe

0
0
0

0
274
4
3
1
0
2
2
46
0
2
37
1
1
1
0
2
0


374 376


I


I









on the Webb area and during the
year two bridges were redecked.
Road maintenance has largely been
taken care of by county personnel.
Approximately 11 miles of exterior
fence were constructed by one of
the grazing lessees, Mr. T. F. Stana-
land, during the summer of 1956.
Since that time, approximately
11,000 fence posts have been cut and
gathered for future fence construc-
tion. Work will continue as soon as
weather permits. Fifteen miles of
exterior fence were checked and
posted as necessary. Approximately
two miles of road clearing were com-
pleted in the Big Cypress Manage-
ment Area.

During the first quarter of 1957-
58, high water and continuous rains
seriously hindered field work on all
areas. Almost continuous pumping
was necessary in the tomato fields
on the Corbett Area, but good re-
sults were obtained.

An equipment shed was com-
pleted at Fisheating Creek and work
started on similar sheds for the Cor-
bett and Collier areas. Thirty acres
of rice and five acres of Japanese
millet were planted on the Corbett


area, along with lesser amounts of
sesbania, Egyptian wheat, smart-
weed, carpet grass, and Pensacola
bahia. The entire boundary fence
was repaired and posted.
On the Webb area, two miles of
new fence were constructed and
three miles of existing fence re-
paired. Road repairs were also made
there. Thirty miles of new road
boundary were posted in the Collier
area. The checking station for the
Holopaw area which was used at
Titusville during the waterfowl trap-
ping season was returned to Holo-
paw and set up for the hunt. A 20
foot bridge on this area was repaired
with locally cut cypress stringers.
Early in the second quarter, Proj-
ect Leader Gainey was transferred
to the position of Regional Manager,
and Assistant Leader Powell was
named Project Leader. During this
period, land acquisition was com-
pleted in Hendry County for the
establishment of the Devil's Garden
Management Area. Considerable
time was required in the super-
vision and operation of hunts on
the various management areas as-
signed to this project due to the
fact that no replacement for assist-


ant leader was secured. Although
managed hunt work was the princi-
pal activity during the second quar-
ter, fence repair and reposting were
carried out on a number of areas,
and the equipment sheds on the Cor-
bett and Fisheating Creek areas
were completed. After all hunts
were completed, check stations and
equipment were maintained and all
items put in storage as required.
Much of the time of all personnel
on the project was spent in turkey
trappings at Fisheating Creek. One
hundred and seventy-six turkeys
were trapped between 6 January
and 14 March. These were distrib-
uted in 11 south Florida areas. Tur-
key feeders were put back in opera-
tion after the close of the hunts.
Fifty quail feeders were installed on
the Devil's Garden area, 50 on the
Lee area, and 16 on the Okeechobee
area. Ninety seven thousand acres
were controlled burned by landown-
ers, grazing lessees, and Commission
personnel.
In the last quarter, approximately
170 miles of boundary fence were
checked for needed repairs and post-
ing on the Corbett, Okeechobee,
Avon Park, and Webb areas. Ten


TABLE 13. Tabulation of Hunting Pressure and Game Killed on State Operated Management Areas During the
1957-58 Hunting Season. These Are Areas Using Check Station.

GAME KILLED


O cala.............. 01
Osceola............ 02
Liberty............ 03
St. M arks.......... 05
Gulf Hammock.....11
Avon Park ......... 12
C. M. Webb ....... 13
Steinhatchee.......14
Farmton. .......... 15
Tomoka ........... 16
Collier ... ........ 18
Sumter-Citrus...... 20
Fisheating Creek....21
Aucilla ............ 22
L ee ............... 23
Richloam ..... ... .24
Holopaw........... 27
Okeechobee ....... 29
Camp Blanding ..... 30
Hendry............ 32
Apalachee .......... 33
Total ........


Man Days Man Hunt
Utilization Days


59,000
2,600
1,400

16,600
4,300

6,800
7,000
3,200
10,100
2,000
6,600
5,900
600
3,900
1,000
450
4,700
800
340


52,100
2,500
1,400
861
14,300
4,300
556
6,100

9,300
1,800
6,200
5,800
600
3,800
900
400
4,700
800
340


Deer

723
54
46

137
19

84
101
62
82
1
0
36
1
24
1
3
44
0

1,450


Turkeys


Toms
9
0
0

28
36

29
28
15
108
26
148
4
5
22
10
4
14
10

554


Hens

5
0
3

38
36

22
34
22
141
40
233
10
4
41
10
9
8
8

789


Total
14
0
3

66
72

51
63*
37
250*
66
381
14
9
63
20
13
22
18

1,345


Quail

175
6
0

42
3,714
3,800
319
415
94
1,273
122
4,660
26
2,173
296
186
502
1,673
1,986
315

21,776


Squirrel


Cat

957
85
865

5,831
294

2,694
1,517
202
178
3,780
1,383
4,327
37
2,673
8
0
1,022
3
39

25,895


Fox
72
11
30

115
19

38
169
30
117
22
61
30
82
162
5
0
143
32
7

1,145


Doves

6
0
0

0
274

34
12
0
11
5
357
0
68
12
1
13
13
179
3

988


Ducks

3
0
8
64
377
24

25
28
2
54
53
254
172
219
80
0
10
0
6
345

1,724


Geese

0
0
0
351
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

351


Coots

0
0
0

0
0

7
23
0
9
13
8
0
1
2
0
0
0
0
19

82


* One turkey killed for which no sex was recorded.
Not able to correct Farmton and Tomoka by day. and hence unable to delete non-hunting days.


27








miles of new fence is in the process
of construction on the Corbett area.
Seventy acres of food plots were
planted on the Corbett, Fisheating
Creek, and Avon Park areas, and
40 acres of improved pasture put
out on the Webb area. During the
last quarter, a marl mining operation
by contract was begun on the Webb
area.
W-46-D, Woodruff Reservoir
Development
This project became effective on
8 January 1957. Several years have
been required to establish the proj-
ect because of considerable uncer-
tainty as to the status of the lands
involved. In March 1955, the Com-
mission received a license from the
Corps of Engineers for the use of
7,273 acres of land and water in the
Jim Woodruff Reservoir. During
the summer of 1955 with the pass-
age of Public Law 300, the status
of these lands became uncertain
since this law provided for their re-
sale to previous owners. After con-
siderable effort on the part of the
Game Commission and many other
interested groups, a bill was intro-
duced in the House of Representa-
tives in May 1956 which provided
for the retention in public owner-
ship of certain of these lands. The
bill subsequently passed and ap-
proximately 5,000 acres of the orig-
inal tract were retained by the Game
and Fresh Water Fish Commission.
Work on the area during the latter
half of 1956-57 has consisted pri-
marily of getting a management pro-
gram set up and underway. To per-
mit necessary water level control,
six dikes were built and two canals
dug. Three of the dikes and one of
the canals contain culverts equipped
with slide gate valves. Drawdown
operations will be accomplished by
pumping.
Approximately 20 acres of water-
shield were planted in the perma-
nent shallow water areas. A 104
acre goose pasture was created on
a share crop basis by the planting
of corn. Half of the corn will be
harvested in the fall by the share-
cropper and oats or rye grass will
be sown on the land from which the
corn is harvested. A fence enclos-
ing approximately 300 acres has
been erected around this field. An
island of approximately four acres


nearby will serve as headquarters
for a flock of captive decoy geese.
An access road to this island was
constructed, and the island was
fenced early in the fall of 1957. Posts
were placed at 100 foot intervals
enclosing an area of approximately
90 acres around the island. This
will be closed to all access. Posting
of the remainder of the area with
management area signs was com-
pleted.


Work during the first quarter of
1957-58 consisted of water draw-
down operations on three sub-im-
poundments and the seeding of ex-
posed lands to waterfowl food plants.
Drawdown was accomplished
through the use of a 6,000 gallon
per minute mobile pump which
worked most satisfactorily. High
rainfall and seepage, however, re-
sulted in rather poor stands of all
species except Japanese millet.
A controlled hunt during the sec-
ond and third quarters resulted in
a kill of 371 ducks, 19 coots, 315
quail, 46 squirrel, and 3 doves. Ring-
necks, woodducks and mallards pre-
dominated in the bag. Approxi-
mately 5,000 ducks wintered on the
area. Forty-nine captive wild geese
were obtained from Wheeler Na-
tional Wildlife Refuge and placed in
the five acre island enclosure. This
enclosure had previously been seed-
ed to oats. Oats were also planted
in the half of the 100 acre goose
pasture where corn was harvested
by the sharecropper.
A combination boathouse and


storage shed was built during the
second quarter, and the eastern
boundary of the area marked with
pilings driven at 500 foot intervals.
Work during the third quarter in-
cluded the setting up of crop leases
with landowners for 1958. One mile
of three-strand barbed wire fence
was constructed on the area boun-
dary. Work was begun with the
Corps of Engineers to place approxi-
mately 350 acres of sub-impound-
ment under water level control.
Three hundred and twenty acres of

cropland have been leased to farm-
ers for this year. Under these leases,
the cropper agrees to leave a portion
of the crop in the field unharvested.
One hundred and twenty acres have
been leased to sharecroppers. The
sharecropper agrees to leave half
the crop of corn in the field unhar-
vested and to plant oats or rye on
the land from which he removes his
half.
W-47-D, Guano River Development
Documents on this project were
approved 6 January 1958, although
the Commission's interest dates back
approximately ten years. Approxi-
mately two and one-half years pre-
ceding initiation of the contract were
required to make the necessary lease
arrangements with the landowner.
Under this agreement, the Commis-
sion will pay the landowner the
agreed cost of the dam over a ten
year period. At the end of this
time, title to the dam, control struc-
ture and right-of-way will pass to
the Commission. Continued reduced
rental fees for 15 more years will
give to the Commission title to all
of the impounded area.
Construction of the dam began on
19 January, and all major work was
completed by late April. The dam
is an earth hydraulic fill structure
approximately 1,700 feet long and
50 feet wide at the top. The control
structure consists of three 72 inch
corrugated asphalt covered pipes
with risers and stop logs. The final
work to be done on the dam is the
sprigging and fertilizing, which will
be completed during the first half
of July.
Water levels in the impoundment
at the end of the biennium stand at
approximately 3.0 feet, while normal
pool level will be 4.0 feet to 4.5 feet
MSL. 0
















































This Biennium has seen a basic
change in the organizational
operation of the Fisheries Division.
Previously, all phases of the fishery
program were directly administered
from the central office at Tallahas-
see. Due to the expansion and in-
creased activities of this Division
it became necessary to establish a
more efficient method of operation
among personnel. This has resulted
in being able to continue regular
duties and services as well as in-
cluding additional projects without
unnecessary loss of time and effort
by an administrative overload. Gen-
eral supervision of all Fisheries
projects continues to be processed
through the central office, but de-
tails are now handled by field tech-
nicians and personnel in charge of
specific programs and projects. These


FISHERIES

DIVISION


projects are divided into five major
categories, Research (Dingell- John-
son), Hatcheries, Regional Services,
Fish Restoration and Access, and
Noxious Vegetation Control. The
following is a brief summary of these
activities, with further information
available upon request.

DINGELL-JOHNSON PROGRAM
The Dingell-Johnson Program in
Florida is designed to be of benefit
to the sport fisherman. Financing


E. T. HEINEN-Chief


of the program is obtained by a re-
turn from the Federal Government
of tax money on fishing tackle. The
amount allotted to the state is based
upon the number of fishing licenses
sold and the geographical size of
the state. This allotment is matched
by 25% state funds.
The Florida program has provided
the experimental basis for the Game
and Fresh Water Fish Commission's
several applied fishery programs,
as well as accomplishing basic sur-
veys and formulation of policies
affecting much of the future fresh
water fishing in the state.
A few examples of the present
services of this program are:
1. The establishment of tech-
niques for controlling water hy-
acinths,
2. Evaluation of results of haul






















Fisheries crew gathers for final briefing before selec-
tive poisoning of gizzard shad in Lake Apopka. Lake
will be treated for three successive years.


Gizzard shad is Florida's Number One undesirable
fish species in fresh waters. Poisoning of shad in Lake
Apopka is world's largest selective poison operation.


seining,
3. Development and application
of selective poison techniques,
4. Provided basic survey and for-
mulation of policies regarding proper
management of important sport fish-
ing lakes,
5. Evaluation of the potential of
the striped bass fishery, and
6. Provided basic surveys and
maps of lakes and rivers systems.
During the biennium the follow-
ing projects were active:

Lake And Stream Survey
The Lake and Stream Survey was
initiated in July, 1954. Its main
purpose is to collect and catalog in-
formation concerning public lakes
over 150 acres in size, and all im-
portant streams. Where water areas
with fishery problems are encoun-
tered, recommendations are made by
the survey team to correct the
troubles.
Information of interest to sports
fishermen is published periodically
in fishery bulletins, and distributed
to interested parties. Other detailed
biological data are kept on file at
the Commission office in Talla-
hassee.
One bulletin entitled "Fish and
Fishing in Leon and Gadsden Coun-
ties, Florida" has been published
and distributed. Additional copies
are on hand at the office in Talla-
hassee. The next publication is to
be on the Apalachicola River sys-
tem. The field work and preliminary
work towards finishing this publica-
tion has been completed.
The Lake and Stream Survey team
has also completed and published


its work on North Bay near Panama
City in Bay County, Florida, and is
finishing field work on numerous
other lakes and streams in North-
west Florida.
A second unit of this project was
recently added and assigned to work
in the southern part of the state
where it is currently studying the
canals in the Everglades Region.

River Basin Fisheries Investigation
The River Basin Fisheries Investi-
gations was undertaken to study pro-
posals and make recommendations
regarding fish management on the
lands and waters included in the
Central and Southern Florida Flood
Control District project for which
the U. S. Corps of Engineers is the
planning and construction agency.
The project boundaries include all
or part of 17 central and south Flor-
ida counties and some of Florida's
major rivers and lakes, i.e., the
Kissimmee River, Lake Okeechobee,
Caloosahatchee and a major portion
of the St. Johns River.
The total value of surface water
utilization administered directly or
indirectly by the Game and Fresh
Water Fish Commission is $128 mil-
lion dollars annually. Of this total,
sport fishing alone makes up $83
million dollars annually; these values
are increasing about $3 million dol-
lars annually. The fresh waters
within the River Basin Fisheries In-
vestigation project are major con-
tributors to this already large and
ever increasing business. Tourism
is one of Florida's biggest business-
es, contributing over a billion dollars
in 1955, and our fresh water re-


sources are an integral part of tour-
ism and associated recreation sought
by residents and visitors alike.
The Game and Fresh Water Fish
Commission is acutely aware that
a water control project of the type
being formulated for central and
south Florida could seriously impair
the fresh water resources. Conse-
quently, the fisheries investigations
of the River Basin Fisheries Investi-
gation project was formed to study
these engineering proposals. This
project was initiated November 1,
1955 as a cooperative Federal-State
study financed through the pro-
visions of the Dingell-Johnson Act.
The purpose of this project is to
act as technical advisors to the Corps
of Engineers, the planning agency,
on the mitigation of losses, and the
possible increment of benefits to a
valuable fishery resource.
Before initiating this fisheries proj-
ect, a study was made to determine
the major factors of flood control
construction that would affect the
fishery resource. It was found that
ditching and diking, water fluctua-
tion control, and the subsequent
effects each would have upon the
fishery population and, necessarily,
the economics, were the primary
factors.
Ditching and diking takes many
forms, i.e., channelization of a river,
dikes placed on the edge of an exist-
ing flood plain, etc. In most cases
this construction work will be done
in shallow water or other areas that
are biologically important and must
be maintained if the existing popula-
tion of fishes are to continue to per-
petuate themselves in numbers great









enough to provide good fishing. This
shallow water, littoral area, is
thought of as the nursery grounds
for most species of fish, and construc-
tion work often seriously damages
or destroys these valuable food pro-
ducing and spawning areas.
Fluctuating water levels are high-
ly desirable from the standpoint of
fish production. Planning in the
River Basin Fisheries Investigation
Project specifies water level manip-
ulation that varies considerably with
existing conditions.
Economic information is compiled
on a state-wide basis as well as for
specific areas.
Project activities are designed to
inventory existing biological condi-
tions in areas under consideration
for flood control construction.
Biological data when coupled with
economic data gives a relatively
complete picture of what the effects
of construction will be on an area
as well as the pre- and post-con-
struction value of the area. All data,
along with recommendations, are
submitted to the Corps of Engineers
in the form of reports. The major
reports submitted during the Bien-
nium were Kissimmee River, St.
Johns River, and, soon to be re-
leased, the Caloosahatchee River.
Selective Poisoning
Selective poisoning techniques as
worked out by the Fisheries Divi-
sion have continued to be success-


ful. The destruction of large pound-
ages of gizzard shad and thread-fin
shad has resulted in tremendously
improved sportfishing, particularly
in lakes which have large popula-
tions of black crappie. Lake Apopka
has twice been treated, and will have
its third treatment in 1959. Apopka
is the (48 sq. miles) largest lake in
the world to be placed under this
form of management.
In addition to Apopka, Newnan's
Lake and Lake Trafford have also
been treated.
Experiments continue on the use
of newer and cheaper chemicals to
reduce forage fish populations other
than shad.
Data Analysis
A new project to record data on
punch cards has recently been in-
stigated. This project will form the
basis for assembling future data and
should easily prove to be a tremen-
dous aid in planning management
programs for the countless lakes and
streams in the state.
HATCHERIES
Production of hatchery raised fish
is limited to three species, bass, blue-
gill, and shellcracker. All three of
these game fish are distributed from
the Holt Hatchery in west Florida,
while only bass are produced at the
other hatchery, located in Winter
Haven. Additional bass and bluegills
are obtained from the U. S. Fish &
Wildlife Service Hatchery in Welaka


through a cooperative arrangement
that has recently been developed. In
this manner, fish are produced for a
minimum cost to the sportfishermen.
REGIONAL SERVICES
Of particular importance to a great
many fishermen in the state are the
services provided by the Regional
Fishery Biologists.
These Regional Biologists make in-
vestigations following fish kills and
suggest preventive measures for fu-
ture application. In some instances,
forms of pollution are detected and
those responsible are contacted for
discontinuing the practice.
Numerous inquiries are answered
each day by these Biologists who
find that they must be experts in
the fields of vegetation control, bait
production, lake and pond manage-
ment, and even commercial fishing.
The Regional men probably have
more direct contact with the fishing
public than any of the other Fishery
personnel. Their almost daily pond
inspections, renovations, and stock-
ing trips, have meant hundreds of
acres of additional fishing waters to
the state.
Fish Restoration Program
The most recent program of the
Fisheries Division is the result of
the 1957 Legislature of the State of
Florida which passed the following
bill pertaining to the improvement
of fresh water fishing and recreation-
al facilities.


Coordinated work efforts is important to good fisher-
ies management research. Without good research you
cannot have good fish management.


Fisheries research should be aimed at practical appli-
cation. Research plus management equals good fishing
for all Floridians.

~ la




























Aerial treatment of water-clogging hyacinths with special
chemicals has cleared thousands of acres of fishing waters
in Florida.


"There is hereby appropriated
from the General Revenue Fund of
the State of Florida for the 1957-59
biennium the amount of $250,000.00
to be used exclusively by the Game
and Fresh Water Fish Commission
to improve fresh water fishing
throughout the State through a pro-
gram of lake construction and re-
habilitation of existing waters in-
cluding rough fish control and other
management techniques."
This act was approved by Gover-
nor Collins on June 18, 1957 and
took effect on July 1, 1957.
Funds from the Fish Restoration
Act are being used for (1) public
lake construction, (2) public access
areas, (3) renovation of existing
waters and (4) rough fish control.
A large amount of time was spent
at the beginning of the program
checking numerous proposed lake
sites and investigating access areas
on which boat ramps could be con-
structed.
The chemical for the initial poi-
soning of undesirable fish at Lake
Apopka was purchased with funds
from this appropriation. The first
two applications of rotenone for the
selective control of gizzard shad re-
sulted in the elimination of approxi-
mately thirteen million pounds of
shad.
A public lake covering 80 acres
has been constructed in Okaloosa
County, and a lake covering 107
acres constructed in Santa Rosa


County. These counties were chosen
for lake construction since they con-
tain no lakes and a limited number
of streams which are of value to the
angler. The Santa Rosa County
Lake was constructed in the Black-
water Forest on lands belonging to
the Florida Forest Service, and Sil-
ver Lake constructed on land donat-
ed by an individual. These lakes
will provide additional fishing wa-
ters for a section of the state which
has shown a large increase in popu-
lation in recent years and which had
little fishing waters.


A small tumbler type dam was in-
stalled, in cooperation with the State
Road Department, on Compass Lake
in Washington County, and a gate
valve installed in the dam of Mer-
ritts Mill Pond at Marianna. These
installations will result in stabilized
water levels and provide a means by
which other fish management tech-
niques can be used in the future.
The State of Florida contains over
30,000 named lakes, plus many
streams, with only 214 lakes being
clearly owned by the State. The to-
tal acreage covered by fresh water
is 2,435,200 acres. Inadequate public
access areas and boat launching fa-
cilities have prevented the maxi-
mum utilizations of many lakes and
streams by both boaters and fisher-
men. As of January 1, 1959, a three-
man ramp installation crew, in co-
operation with local counties, has
installed forty boat ramps located in
twenty counties. To insure contin-
ued public use of our lakes and
streams, it is imperative that access
areas be obtained on those waters
which are in most need of such ac-
cess. A majority of the ramps have
been constructed on county and
state property, with the various
counties preparing the sites and pro-
viding access roads. For example,
the Suwannee River, which was des-
perately in need of launching facili-
ties, has now been opened to the
public at various locations from the


Airboats are used by fisheries crews when control-spraying
hyacinths or selectively poisoning gizzard shad to improve
fishing.




.^ k .s"" w lH


I








mouth of the river to Suwannee
Springs north of Live Oak.
Even though the Fish Restoration
Program is the newest addition to
the Fishery Division it has proven
to be most beneficial to the fisher-


men and boaters of the state. The
groundwork has now been laid to
proceed rapidly with the construc-
tion of other facilities and the utili-
zation of the latest fish management
techniques to insure and perpetuate
the heritage of our fishermen.


BOAT RAMPS COMPLETED AS OF MARCH 2, 1959


County
Hardee (2)

DeSoto (2)

Highlands (1)

Suwannee (2)

Dixie (4)






Gilchrist (4)





Clay County (1)
Levy (1)

Santa Rosa (1)
Okaloosa (3)


Jackson (2)

Gadsden (1)
Jefferson (2)

Indian River (1)
Broward (2)

Hendry (2)



Marion (2)

Putnam (5)




Volusia (1)
Lake (1)


DISTRICT I
Location
Gardner Ramp
Zolpho Springs Ramp
Near Brownville
Near Ft. Ogden
Burnt Bridge Landing
DISTRICT II
Florida Sheriffs' Boys Ranch
Dowling Park Ramp
Purvis Landing North of
Oldtown
Suwannee Ramp (Creek off
Suwannee River at
Suwannee)
At end of SR 358 near Jena
Governor Hill Lake
At end of County Road
known as L. R. Thomas
Grade
Rock Bluff Ferry
Hart Springs Park
Wannee
Middleburg
Gulf Hammock
DISTRICT III
Deaton Bridge
Bryant Bridge
North of Crestview
Milligan Ramp
Veneer Bridge
Peacock Bridge
South of Midway
Wacissa Ramp
DISTRICT IV
Lake Wilmington
Andytown Ramp
Andytown Ramp
LaBelle Ramp
L-1 Canal (South of Clew-
iston on SR 832)
DISTRICT V
Orange Lake
Lake Kerr
Crescent City Ramp
Welaka Ramp
East Palatka
Nashua
Georgetown
Lemon Bluff
Mt. Dora at Gilbert Park


Water
Peace River
Peace River
Peace River
Peace River
Arbucke Creek

Suwannee River
Suwannee River
Suwannee River

Suwannee River


Steinhatchee Creek
Governor Hill Lake
Santa Fe River


Suwannee River
Suwannee River
Suwannee River
Black Creek
Wekiva River

Blackwater River
Blackwater River
Silver Lake
Yellow River
Chipola River
Chipola River
Lake Talquin
Wacissa River

Lake Wilmington
North New River Canal
Conservation Area No. 3
Caloosahatchee River
L-1 Canal


Orange Lake
Lake Kerr
Crescent Lake
St. Johns River
St. Johns River
St. Johns River
St. Johns River
St. Johns River
Lake Dora


Lakeland's Lake Bonnie after Fish-
eries Division crews control noxious
vegetation. (See bottom picture.)


Installation of boat launching ramps
is an extremely popular type of im-
provement work.


Collection of good data on Florida
fish and fishing conditions is a never-
ending task.

Before chemical treatment, Lake
Bonnie was heavily choked with cat-
tails and hyacinths. (See top pic-
ture.)








NOXIOUS VEGETATION
CONTROL
This program is financed in part
through a special appropriation from
the Legislature. This biennium in-
cluded parts of two separate appro-
priations plus about $100,000 of State
Game Fund revenue.
During the period from July 1,
1956 through June 30, 1958, 272 dif-
ferent bodies of water were treated.
This amounted to a total of 51,954
acres of treated vegetation. Since
June 30, 22 additional bodies of
water have been included in this
list.
To accomplish this immense task,
six airboats, three outboard motor
units, one full time airplane, one
part-time airplane, and ten vehicles
are employed by a staff including
secretarial, mechanical, shop, field,
and administrative personnel.
A process of screening and test-
ing many of the new chemicals now
available for vegetation control pur-
poses was created as a part of the
noxious vegetation control program
during the past year. Working close-
ly with the manufacturers, various
combinations of chemicals are spray-
ed on different forms of vegetation
in an effort to determine the most
efficient and economical controls.
This screening process has resulted
in additional services as some types
of vegetation are now being con-
trolled which formerly showed little
signs of damage after treatment.
Cost figures show that one acre
of hyacinths costs about $5.50 per
acre to kill. This includes all costs
involved in the program. Controls
for other types of vegetation gen-
erally cost more per acre as more
expensive chemicals are usually re-
quired than that needed for hya-
cinths.
It should be noted that a close
working relationship is maintained
between this department and simi-
lar departments of county, state and
federal agencies. This is particularly
true with the U. S. Department of
Agriculture Laboratory in Ft. Lau-
derdale, the U. S. Corps of Engi-
neers, and the Central and Southern
Florida Flood Control District. Plans
are now being made to participate
with the Corps in a Federal aid pro-
gram for controlling Noxious Vege-
tation. S


HEADQUARTERS
FIVE BODIES OF WATER

w ONE BODY OF WATER
S PROPOSED WORK OR WORK COMPLETED
SINCE JULY 1, 1958


Location of Control Work Noxious
Water Vegetation By Hyacinth Con-
trol Section of Fisheries Management
Division July 1, 1956 to June 30, 1958.


| PUBLIC LAKES

BOAT RAMPS

(Created and installed as of
January 1, 1959)

Fisheries Improvement Work Lake
Construction and Boat Ramp Installation
- By Fisheries Division With Funds
From Legislative Appropriation.


,.o0%%. o,











FISCAL




DIVISION


The Fiscal Department is a major
division of the general adminis-
tration of the Game and Fresh Water
Fish Commission. This department
is responsible for the accountability
of all funds which comprise the
State Game Fund, as well as ex-
penditures encountered in carrying
out the conservation program over
the entire state.
The revenue, with which the Com-
mission operates, is derived mainly
from the sale of hunting and fishing
licenses, both sport and commercial.
Other revenue results from tim-
ber, oil, grazing, stumpage, and marl
leases, sale of commission-owned
equipment, and court case fees re-
sulting from arrests for fish and
game law violations.
Contrary to general opinion, the
Commission does not receive any
money from the state general tax
revenue. The reason for this is stated
in the Constitutional Amendment
which created the Commission and
established it as a self-supporting
agency.
The Commission also receives re-
imbursement from the Federal Gov-
ernment under the Pittman-Robert-
son program for game management
and the Dingell-Johnson program
for fisheries management. The
amount received each year is based
partially on the total number of
fishing and hunting license holders
for the previous year or years.
The Fiscal Department has many
varied duties pertaining to the vital
financial transactions of the Com-
mission. It is responsible for check-
ing the reports submitted by the
67 county judges on the sale of fish-
ing and hunting licenses, and various
type permits. The accountability of
all licenses printed at the beginning
of the year is a major responsibility
of this department and must in turn
be verified by the State Auditing
Department.


Each invoice submitted to the De-
partment is carefully checked with
reference to totals and extensions,
as well as determining whether
money is available prior to expendi-
ture and submission to the State
Comptroller for payment.
The sale of commercial licenses,
such as Retail and Wholesale Fish
Dealer's, Commercial Boat, Boats
for Hire, Game Farm, Guide, etc.,
are sold by the Tallahassee office
only upon receipt of the application.
The licenses, which expire at the
end of the fiscal year, are forwarded
directly to the applicant.
This department is responsible for
the recording of all arrests and,
when each case is disposed of, it in
turn bills the counties for the arrest-
ing fees and mileage allowed by law.
During the 1956-57 fiscal year, 2,451
arrests resulted in 2,420 convictions
and in turn gave the Commission a
total revenue of $26,675.32. In 1957-
58, 3,169 arrests resulted in 3,040
convictions bringing in $29,707.95 to
the Commission. For the two years
mentioned above, the Fiscal Depart-
ment recorded and billed the coun-
ties for 5,620 court cases resulting in
a total revenue of more than $56,-
000.00 for this period.
Another very important section
of the Fiscal Department is the Prop-
erty Section, which has the respon-
sibility of recording all purchases of
equipment. This section, under the
supervision of a property officer,
records all property memorandum
receipts in the central office at Tal-
lahassee. The property officer makes
periodic state-wide equipment in-
spections in an effort to keep the
cost of operation on all types of
equipment to a minimum.

JOEL McKINNON
-CHIEF-


As shown on our report, the cost
valuation of our fixed assets at the
end of 1956-57 were $1,314,814, which
was an increase of $45,502 over
the previous year. The cost evalua-
tion of fixed assets at the end of
1957-58 were $1,392,924, an increase
of more than $78,110.
This section of the Fiscal Depart-
ment endeavors to keep operating
expenses of equipment as low as
possible and in turn assists in the
purchase of proper equipment for
each section of the state.
Without going into detail the fiscal
department recorded receipts in the
amount of $2,237,045.49 during the
1956-57 fiscal year and $2,457,510.04
during the 1957-58 fiscal year, or a
total for the biennium of $4,694,-
555.53. In lieu of these receipts, we
also recorded the expenditures of
$2,077,953.74 for 1956-57 and $2,261,-
764.21 for 1957-58, or a total for the
biennum of $4,339,717.95.
The average monthly receipts for
the biennium covered by this report
was $195,604.58 with an average
monthly expenditure of $180,821.75.
Since the 1954-56 biennium, the
receipts of the Commission have in-
creased over $506,000.00 by the end
of this biennium-1956-58-whereas,
the expenditures have increased for
the same period over $476,000.00.
Because of the Commission's fi-
nancial operations, whereby all
monies received in the State Game
Fund are disbursed for improved
conservation and law-enforcement
programs, the Commission's dis-
bursements for the past ten-year
period have steadily increased in
proportion to the increase in receipts.
The Fiscal Department has not in-
creased personnel during the past
biennium, even in view of additional
personnel and operation in other
regions and departments which in
turn have increased the accounting
problems of the Fiscal Department.
The following pages contain a
complete statement of Commission
receipts and expenditures for the
fiscal years 1956-57 and 1957-58 as
well as the first six months of the
fiscal year 1958-59, ending Decem-
ber 31, 1958.
Also included are circle-graphs
demonstrating financial expenditures
in various departments, as well as
comparative receipts, and additional
information. *









FLORIDA GAME AND FRESH WATER FISH COMMISSION
Financial Statement July 1, 1956 Thru December 31, 1958
Statement of Cash Receipts, Disbursements and Balances

1956-1957 1957-1958 July 1, to December 31, 1958
Item Source Item Source Item Source
Total Total Total Total Total Total

Receipts:
Beginning Cash Balance July 1 ................ $ 99,160.55 $ 110,091.75 $ 146,658.24
License Sold by County Judges ............$1,519,296.00 $1,581,931.50 $1,054,891.75
License Sold by State Office ................ 154,413.70 185,677.90 98,517.90
Revenue from Other Governmental
Agencies .............................................. 319,524.37 453,348.84 71,936.66
Revenue from use of property ............ 33,237.16 25,480.72 19,893.61
Revenue from Sale of Fixed Assets .... 32,562.95 23,542.12 18,501.88
Revenue from Publication of
Magazine .............................................. 24,290.39 24,800.10 15,954.98
Revenue from Other Sources ............ 5,530.82 3,476.07 1,788.87
Total Cash Receipts Schedule "A" ........ 2,088,855.39 2,298,257.25 1,281,485.65
Cancelled & Restored Warrants .............. 29.55 115.55
Adjustment Account .................................. 211.64
County Judges Account ............................ 70.85
Special Building Fund ............................. 49,000.00 49,000.00 20,000.00
Total Revenue Available ......................... 2,237,045.49 2,457,464.55 1,448,426.38
Disbursements:
Salaries .............................................. .. .......... 1,121,582.27 1,257,194.72 643,285.77
Repairs to Equipment .......................... 60,819.45 79,374.82 34,708.97
General Printing & Reproduction ........ 114,878.88 133,054.99 73,252.62
Telephone, Telegraph, Postage &
Freight ..................................... .... 35,282.86 37,305.01 21,716.42
Travel .................................... ....... 95,440.93 93,701.83 39,099.18
Other Contractual Services ................ 53,403.79 57,770.47 40,015.54
Motor Fuel & Lubricants ........................ 147,099.43 175,959.59 71,211.39
Materials & Supplies ......................... 26,479.68 35,469.97 20,830.60
Insurance & Surety Bonds .................. 42,920.37 53,659.99 37,418.60
Educational & Scientific Mat. &
Supplies ............................... .... 38,901.33 41,385.83 35,527.84
Maintenance Materials & Supplies .... 51,685.78 50,806.39 22,585.54
Motor Vehicles ...................................... 148,231.80 83,952.35 77,414.52
Motors, Boats & Trailers ........................ 27,483.88 20,012.28 6,380.36
Buildings, Educational Eq. &
Other Capital Outlay ...................... 45,453.06 54,703.19 20,879.51
Transfer to Federal Government ....... 21.939.75 25,808.62 27,120.60
Other Expenses ...................................... 46,054.67 61,604.16 23,528.51
Total Disbursements Schedule "B" ....... 2,077,657.93 2,261,764.21 1,194,975.97
Adjustment Account .............................. 215.39 23.25
County Judges Account ........................ 11.50 18.85
Concelled Warrants C & R Account .... 68.92
Total Disbursements ............................... 2,077,953.74 2,261,806.31 1,194,975.97
Ending Cash Balance ............................ 159,091.75 195,658.24 253,450.41
Less Special Building Fund .................. 49,000.00 49,000.00
Cash Balance Carried Forward ..............-- $ 110,091.75 $ 146,658.24 $ 253,450.41





SCHEDULE "A"
1956-1957 1957-1958 July 1, to December 31, 1958
Item Source Item Source Item Source
Total Total Total Total Total Total


SALE OF SPORTING LICENSE:
Fishing ..............................................
H hunting .............. ................................
Trapping ............. ...............................
U. S. Permits .......................................
State Hunting Permits ..........................
Camp Blanding Permits ......................
Charlotte County Permits ...................
Archery Permits ......................................
Goose Permits .....................................
Alien Hunting License .....................
Prev. Years U. S. Permits ....................
Prev. Years State Hunting Permits ....
Total Sporting License ..........................


827,479.00
643,451.00
1,446.00
600.00
112,945.00
2,365.00

1,160.00
3,132.00
50.00


$ 838,041.25
708,983.50
1,013.00
500.00
140,550.00

2,780.00
1,500.00
3,174.00
150.00


1,592,628.00 -


$ 489,374.75
546,170.50
143.00
500.00
58,560.00

4,740.00
2,646.00

100.00
90.00
1,696,691.75 1,102,324.25


(Continued on next page)









SCHEDULE "A" -(Continued)
1956-1957 1957-1958 July 1, to December 31, 1958
Item Source Item Source Item Source
Total Total Total Total Total Total

SALE OF COMMERCIAL LICENSE:
Retail Fish Dealer .................................. 13,065.00 14,720.00 11,380.00
Non-Res. Retail Fish Dealer ................ 100.00 300.00 200.00
Commercial Boats ................................ 1,842.10 2,144.90 1,655.40
Non-Res. Commercial Boat ................ 20.10 30.00 30.00
Wholesale Fish Dealer .......................... 2,400.00 2,500.00 2,900.00
Non-Res. Wholesale Fish Dealer ........ 1,500.00 2,000.00 2,000.00
Boat for Hire .......................................... 12,759.50 13,344.00 11,841.50
Guide ........................................................ 440.00 380.00 410.00
Game Farm ............................................ 930.00 990.00 975.00
Wholesale Fur Dealer & Agents ............ 905.00 490.00 375.00
Local Fur Dealer .................................. 90.00 40.00 60.00
License to Exhibit Poisonous or
Venomous Reptiles .......................... 110.00 85.00 55.00
Total Commercial License ........................ $ 34,161.70 $ 37,023.90 $ 31,881.90
OTHER SOURCES:
Court Costs ..............................................$ 26,675.32 $ 29,707.95 $ 15,979.55
Miscellaneous Receipts ........................ 2,566.16 2,659.53 1,738.87
Prev. Years License Collected ............. 46,920.00 33,893.75 19,203.50
Pittman-Robertson .............................. 220,407.87 312,652.47 35,024.10 .
Dingell-Johnson .................................. 72,441.18 95,988.42 17,183.01
Sale of Magazine Subscription ............ 23,292.65 23,867.17 15,567.52
Sale of Magazine Advertising .............. 5.00
Sale of Magazine Single Copies............ 992.74 932.93 387.46
Sale of Old Equipment ........................ 32,562.95 23,542.12 18,501.88
Sale of Confiscated Materials &
Equipment .......................................... 1,047.05 816.54 50.00
Sale of Rough Fish .............................. 1,692.02
Sale of Timber ...................................... 225.59
Charlotte County Lease ...................... 3,609.00 550.00 1,200.00
Charlotte County Grazing Lease ........ 8,689.98 6,220.50 6,732.57
Charlotte County Stump Lease .......... 6,206.22 6,270.22
Charlotte County Marl Lease ............ 1,960.04
Palm Beach County Land Lease &
Easement ............................................ 9,509.40 10,000.00 10,000.00
Palm Beach County Oil Lease ............ 4,963.56 2,440.00
C. & S. Flood Control ............................ 15,000.00 3,750.00
Miscellaneous Leases ........................ 259.00 1.00
Total Other Sources .................................. 462,065.69 564,541.60 147,279.50
Total Receipts ..................... ................ $2,088,855.39 $2,298,257.25 $1,281,485.65


SCHEDULE "B"
1956-1957 1957-1958 July 1, to December 31, 1958
Item Grand Item Grand Item Grand
Total Total Total Total Total Total


DISBURSEMENTS:
Salaries ................................... ............ $1,121,582.27
Professional Fees & Consultant
Services ................................................ 1,820.68
Advertising Florida's Resources .......... 3,290.70
Telephone & Telegraph ........................ 19,941.19
Postage, Freight & Express .................. 15,341.67
General Printing & Reproduction
Service .................................................. 114,878.88
Repairs & Maintenance ..................... 60,819.45
Travel Employees .......................... 91,852.60
Travel Other Than Employees ............ 3,588.33
Utilities ....................................... ....... 4,009.86
Other Contractual Services ................ 53,403.79
Bedding, Clothing & Other Textile
Products ................................. ........... 9.30
Building Construction Materials &
Supplies .............................................. 840.77
Coal Fuel & Other Heating Supplies .... 755.58
Educational, Medical, Scientific
Materials & Supplies ......................... 38,901.33
Food Products ........................................ 700.44
Maintenance Materials & Supplies
(Janitorial, etc.) .............................. 51,685.78
Motor Fuel & Lubricants ...................... 147,099.43
Office Materials & Supplies .................. 10,447.71


$1,257,194.72

4,894.50
1,677.26
21,569.53
15,735.48

133,054.99
79,374.82
89,892.79
3,809.04
6,460.11
57,770.47


61.11
1,155.67

41,385.83
793.61

50,806.39
175,959.59
10,985.70


$ 643,285.77

155.50
1,108.08
11,373.81
10,342.61

73,252.62
34,708.97
38,284.52
814.66
2,515.06
40,015.54


223.37

35,527.84
205.43

22,585.54
71,211.39
6,999.59


(Continued on next page)


37









SCHEDULE "B" (Continued)
1956-1957 1957-1958 July 1, to December 31, 1958
Item Grand Item Grand Item Grand
Total Total Total Total Total Total
Other Materials & Supplies ................ 26,479.68 35,469.97 20,830.60
Insurance & Surety Bonds, Auto
Liability ................................ ..... 42,920.37 53,659.99 37,418.60
Pensions & Benefits ................................ 550.00 975.00 250.00
Rental of Buildings & Equipment ........ 20,621.09 32,722.49 7,861.49
Other Current Charges & Obligations 3,028.67 1,878.71 1,709.99
Books .................................. .......... 9.50 627.34 97.26
Buildings & Fixed Equipment .............. 2,001.88 5,582.53 9,777.74
Educational, Med. Scientific, &
Agric. Equipment ................................ 6,130.08 13,018.87 1,931.75
Motor Vehicles ................................... 148,231.80 83,952.35 77,414.52
Motors, Boats & Trailers .................... 27,483.88 20,012.28 6,380.36
Office Furniture & Equipment ........... 6,596.64 3,541.88 6,121.31
Other Structures & Improvements .... 11,633.66 2,814.14
Other Capital Outlay .......................... 19,081.30 29,118.43 2,951.45
Distribution & Transfers ...................... 21,939.75 25,808.62 27,120.60
Revolving Fund ...................................... (-20.13) ................ 2,500.00
Grand Total .................................. .......__ $2,077,657.93 $2,261,764.21 $1,194,975.97

1956-1957 1957-1958 July 1, to December 31, 1958
SCHEDULE "B"-Disbursements Budget Dept. Budget Dept. Budget Dept.
by Departments: Total Total Total Total Total Total


ADMINISTRATION
Salaries ................................. ........$ 37,197.48
General Expense ................................ 79,701.18
Capital Outlay ..................................... 2,943.07 $ 119,841.73
FISCAL BRANCH
Salaries .................... ........................... 30,335.50
General Expense ............................... 1,318.53
Capital Outlay ...................................... 2,231.44 33,885.47
COMMUNICATIONS
Salaries .......................................... ...... 38,248.60
General Expense .................................- 21,588.55
Capital Outlay ........................................ 11,274.56 71,111.71
INFORMATION AND EDUCATION
Salaries ............................................... 38,993.11
General Expense .................................. 45,653.25
Capital Outlay ........................................ 10,734.01 95,380.37
YOUTH PROGRAM
Salaries ............................... ..................... 6,556.00
General Expense .................................... 3,646.53
Capital Outlay .................................... 1,852.20 12,054.73
MAGAZINE
Salaries ...................................... .. 17,938.98
General Expense .................................. 69,964.43
Capital Outlay .................................... 41.20 87,944.61
PITTMVAN-ROBERTSON
Salaries ...................................... 153,045.33
General Expense ................................. 120,996.00
Capital Outlay ........................................ 54,247.19 328,288.52
GENERAL GAME MANAGEMENT
Salaries .............................................. 1,401.61
General Expense .................................... 7,679.11
Capital Outlay ..................................... 2,510.48 11,591.20
STATE HUNTS
Salaries .............................................. 50,232.80
General Expense .................................. 12,488.00
Capital Outlay ..................................... 1,515.29 64,236.09
NATIONAL FOREST HUNTS
Salaries ............................................. 11,192.45
General Expense ................................. 32,386.92
Capital Outlay ...................................... 186.25 43,765.62
DINGELL-JOHNSON
Salaries ........................................ ..... 56,736.49
General Expense .................................... 39,093.25
Capital Outlay ..................................... 8,466.28 104,296.02
FISH MANAGEMENT ADMINISTRATION
Salaries ...................... ...... .. ............ 7,715.41
General Expense ............................. 5,556.57
Capital Outlay ..................................... 9.50 13,281.48
HYACINTH CONTROL
Salaries .................................................... 23,494.86
General Expense .................................... 20,893.62
Capital Outlay ...................................... 10,631.00 55,019.48


$ 41,072.99
92,233.96
4,509.14 $ 137,816.09

34,169.62
2,394.31
................ 36,563.93

43,939.00
18,495.38
11,402.46 73,836.84

42,072.45
45,925.88
6,668.25 94,666.58

6,841.00
4,606.94
301.11 11,749.05

18,900.00
81,987.47
1,865.76 102,753.23

183,802.53
146,480.34
38,151.26 368,434.13

2,430.38
8,991.08
5,376.67 16,798.13

65,617.14
29,047.51
4,761.25 99,425.90

15,533.80
27,350.07
................ 42,883.87

60,316.38
42,293.84
17,174.11 119,784.33

6,780.53
3,022.02
524.96 10,327.51

33,061.00
29,367.94
326.45 62,755.39


$ 20,398.18
56,923.49
2,641.83 $ 79,963.50

17,405.50
1,477.19
355.16 19,237.85

22,265.65
13,884.20
16.15 36,166.00

25,012.00
22,023.06
5,902.71 52,937.77

3,780.00
1,414.56
32.75 5,227.31

7,922.00
38,141.82
............... 46,063.82

85,530.96
75,661.34
26,466.71 187,659.01

1,570.00
4,817.52
................ 6,387.52

55,165.67
7,856.87
................ 63,022.54

15,947.95
28,060.84
................ 44,008.79

31,209.36
13,758.72
4,138.13 49,106.21

3,224.25
29,401.42
1,779.09 34,404.76

12,073.16
8,802.19
............... 20,875.35


(Continued on next


page)







SCHEDULE "B" (Continued)
1956-1957 1957-1958 July 1, to December 31, 195H
Budget Dept. Budget Dept. Budget Dept.
Total Total Total Total Total Total


WINTER HAVEN HATCHERY
Salaries ................................................... 8,432.40
General Expense ................................. 2,772.15
Capital Outlay ...................................... 2,394.94 13,599.49
WEWAHITCHKA AND HOLT HATCHERY
Salaries .............. ............................ 6,555.00
General Expense ............................. 2,696.03
Capital Outlay ............................... 545.00 9,796.03
AVIATION
Salaries .......................................... .... 24,868.50
General Expense .................................... 25,594.81
Capital Outlay ........................................ 409.35 50,872.66
SOUTH FLORIDA REGION
Salaries ................................................ 121,609.36
General Expense ............................. 43,739.08
Capital Outlay .................................. 15,225.16 180,573.60
NORTHEAST FLORIDA REGION
Salaries ....................................... ....... 136,176.68
General Expense ...................................... 48,643.11
Capital Outlay .................................. 27,164.91 211,984.70
NORTHWEST FLORIDA REGION
Salaries .......................... ............. 133,872.21
General Expense ................................. 39,500.06
Capital Outlay .................................. 16,973.62 190,345.89
EVERGLADES REGION
Salaries ................. .. ........................... 90,516.17
General Expense ............................ 62,293.42
Capital Outlay ..................................... 25,448.44 178,258.03
CENTRAL FLORIDA REGION
Salaries .......................... ................... 126,463.33
General Expense ............................. 48,702.32
Capital Outlay ....................................... 26,364.85 201,530.50
Grand Total .................... ............ $2,077,657.93
TOTAL EXPENDITURES BY BUDGET
Salaries .......... ... .............-....... $1,121,582.27
General Expense .............................. $ 734,906.92
Capital Outlay --.............-.............. ........ $ 221,168.74 $2,077,657.93


10,360.00
4,522.34
113.68 14.996.02

4,140.00
3,075.65
............... 7,215.65

33,223.87
26,546.48
12,067.00 71,837.35

127,508.38
52,934.00
9,967.15 190.409.53

148,431.60
57,238.01
7,855.56 213,525.17

143,237.20
45,741.61
11,813.66 200,792.47

100,195.41
68,953.79
10,840.98 179,990.18

135,561.44
46d 9q0 5


3,750.00
1,961.14
................ 5,711.14

2,070.00
1,899.70
2,132.69 6,102.39

18,158.00
13,634.21
280.00 32,072.21

60,901.50
23,621.05
11,248.88 95,771.43

72,141.81
27,675.66
9,401.63 109,219.10

67,956.18
. 19,839.75
15,231.31 103,027.23

50,897.50
30,120.13
14,651.30 95,668.93

65,906.10
26.041.06


14,948.37 205,202.86 10,395.95 102,343.11
$2,261,764.21 $1,194,975.97


$1,257,194.72
$ 845,901.67
$ 158,667.82 $2,261,764.21


$ 643,285.77
$ 447,015.81
$ 104,674.39 $1,194,975.97


GENERAL FIXED ASSETS


1956-57
General Fixed Assets (Cost Valuation) as of June 30, 1957
Land and Buildings ..............................................
Aircraft Equipment ............................. ...............
Automotive Equipment ............................................
Marine Equipment ......................... ................
Motors ....................................... $33,429.86
Boats .............................................. .................. 48,783.96
Trailers ............................................. .............. 30,857.49
Office Furniture and Equipment ...........................
Photographic Equipment ....................................
R adio ............................... ........................................
Field Equipm ent ...................................... .............
Livestock .......................... ............... ................


Increase in General Fixed Assets in Fiscal Year
1956-57 over 1955-56 ...............................................
GENERAL FIXED ASSETS
1957-58
General Fixed Assets (Cost Valuation) as of June 30, 1958
Land and Buildings ................................. ......
Aircraft Equipment ............................................ ....
Automotive Equipment ..........................................
Marine Equipment ........................................ .........
M otors ............................................................... $36,354.99
Boats .... ................................................................. 47,762.91
Trailers ............................................. 35,469.59
Office Furniture and Equipment ..........................
Photographic Equipment .........................................
R adio .................................................. ..........
Field Equipment .......................................... ...........
Livestock .............................................. .....................


Increase in General Fixed Assets in Fiscal Year
1957-58 over 1956-57 ............................. .. ...


$ 490,667.83
35,999.49
382,660.61
113,071.31


48,432.95
13,023.53
154,825.32
75,863.13
270.00

$1,314,814.17

$ 45,502.43




$ 502,525.87
44,498.82
401,427.90
119,587.49


51,427.98
14,821.24
164,666.12
93,699.19
270.00

$1,392,924.61

$ 78,110.44


39








TOTAL ARRESTS AND DISPOSITIONS
STATEWIDE FOR
GAME AND FISH LAW VIOLATIONS

Total number arrests made July 1, 1956-June 30, 1957: .... 2,451
Cases Pending .................................... 31
Cases Disposed of ..................................
Total number arrests made July 1, 1957-June 30, 1958: ..... 3,169
Cases Pending ................................... 129
Cases Disposed of ....... ..........................
Total number arrests made July 1, 1958-December 31, 1958: 1,492
Cases Pending ..................................... 261
Cases Disposed of ............... ...................
Total number arrests July 1, 1956-December 31, 1958: ..... 7,112
Total number cases pending July 1, 1956-December 31, 1958: 421
Total number cases disposed of July 1, 1956-
Decem ber 31, 1958: ............... ..................


TOTAL RECEIPTS


1956-57 1957-58


1956-57
Receipts Percentage
Sport License ............... $1,592,628.00 76.24%
Commercial License .......... 34,161.70 1.63%
Pittman-Robertson ........... 220,407.87 10.55%
Dingell-Johnson ............. 72,441.18 3.48%
Other Sources ............. 169,216.64 8.10%
Total ......................$2,088,855.39 100.00%


1957-58 July 1-Dec. 31,1958
Receipts Percentage Receipts Percentage


$1,696,691.75 73.82%
37,023.90 1.61%
312,652.47 13.60%
95,988.42 4.18%
155,900.71 6.79%
$2,298,257.25 100.00%


$1,102,324.25 86.02%
31,881.90 2.49%
35,024.10 2.73%
17,183.01 1.34%
95,072.39 7.42%
$1,281,485.65 100.00%


2,420


3,040


1,231


6,691






RECEIPTS BY CATEGORIES


1956-57 Percent 1957-58


1957-58

Percent July 1-Dec. 31, 1958


*Fishing ................... .$ 859,165.70 41.13%
**Hunting ................... 767,624.00 36.75%
Federal Aid ................ 292,849.05 14.02%
Other Sources ............... 169,216.64 8.10%
Total ....................... $2,088,855.39 100.00%


$ 873,080.15
860,635.50
408,640.89
155,900.71
$2,298,257.25


37.99%,
37.45%
17.78%
6.78%
100.00%


*Includes all Sport and Commercial Fishing License.
* Includes all Sport Hunting License, Permits and all license pertaining to Game Animals.
TOTAL DISBURSEMENTS: BY ACTIVITY


$ 519,381.65 40.53%
614,824.50 47.98%
52,207.11 4.07%
95,072.39 7.42%
$1,281,485.65 100.00%


50.21%


July 1, 1958 thru Dec. 31, 1958
1956-57 Percent 1957-58 Percent 1958-59 Percent
Administration ............ $ 153,727.20 7.40% $ 174,380.02 7.71% $ 99,201.35 8.30%
Information & Education ..... 195,379.71 9.40% 209,168.86 9.25% 104,228.90 8.72%
Fish Management ........... 195,992.50 9.43% 215,078.90 9.51% 116,199.85 9.72%
Game Management .......... 447,881.43 21.56% 527,542.03 23.32% 301,077.86 25.20%
Law Enforcement ........... 1,084,677.09 52.21% 1,135,594.40 50.21% 574,268.01 48.06%
Total ....................... $2,077,657.93 100.00% $2,261,764.21 100.00% $1,194,975.97 100.00%
41





EXPENDITURES BY DEPARTMENTS
Administration


1956-57 1957-58
July 1, 1958 thru Dec. 31, 1958
1956-57 Percent 1957-58 Percent 1958-59 Percent
General Administration ..... $ 119,841.73 77.96% $ 137,816.09 79.03% $ 79,963.50 80.61%
Fiscal ....................... 33,885.47 22.04% 36,563.93 20.97% 19,237.85 19.39%
Total ........................$ 153,727.20 100.00% $ 174,380.02 100.00% $ 99,201.35 100.00%

Information & Education






45.01% 46.82% 4Q.12% 45.6%
MAGAZINE ADMINISTRATION MAGAZINE ADMINISTATION








6. >177 y5.62\
YO UTI- YOUTH
ROG6AM7 PROGRAM
195i6-57 1957-58


1957-58 Percent
$ 94,666.58 45.26%
102,753.23 49.12%
11,749.05 5.62%
$ 09,168.86 100.00%


July 1, 1958 thru Dec. 31, 1958
1958-59 Percent
$ 52,937.77 50.79%
46,063.82 44.19%
5,227.31 5.02%
$ 104,228.90 100.00%


1956-57 Percent
Administration ..............$ 95,380.37 48.82%
Magazine Publication ........ 87,944.61 45.01%
Youth Program .............. 12,054.73 6.17%
Total ..................... $ 195,379.71 100.00%





Fish Management


1956-57 1957-58
July 1, 1958 thru Dec. 31, 1958
1956-57 Percent 1957-58 Percent 1958-59 Percent
Administration ..............$ 13,281.48 6.78% $ 10,327.51 4.80% $ 34,404.76 29.61%,
Dingell-Johnson ............. 104,296.02 53.21% 119,784.33 55.70% 49,106.21 42.26%
Hyacinth Control ............ 55,019.48 28.07% 62,755.39 29.18% 20,875.35 17.97%
Winter Haven Hatchery ...... 13,599.49 6.94% 14,996.02 6.97% 5,711.14 4.91%
Holt Hatchery ............... 9,796.03 5.00% 7,215.65 3.35% 6,102.39 5.25%
Total ........................$ 195,992.50 100.00% $ 215,078.90 100.00% $ 116,199.85 100.00%

Game Management


GENERALGAME 9.777% NERALGKM 6 .13 .
MANAGEMENT NATIONAL PUNT MANAGEMENT NATIONAL
WUNTS


14.54% \ / / 585 %
STATE (UNT5 STATE PUNTS




75.50% 0/69.&4%






1956-57 1957-58
July 1, 1958 thru Dec. 31, 1958
1956-57 Percent 1957-58 Percent 1958-59 Percent
Pittman-Robertson ...........$ 328,288.52 73.30% $ 368,434.13 69.84% $ 187,659.01 62.33%


General Game Management .. 11,591.20 2.59%
State Hunts ................. 64,236.09 14.34%
National Forest Hunts ....... 43,765.62 9.77%
Total .................... .. .$ 447,881.43 100.00%'


16,798.13 3.18%
99,425.90 18.85%
42,883.87 8.13%
$ 527,542.03 100.00%


6,387.52 2.12%
63,022.54 20.93%
44,008.79 14.62%
$ 301,077.86 100.00%


4 :









Law Enforcement


1956-57 1957-58

July 1, 1958 thru Dec. 31, 1958
1956-57 Percent 1957-58 Percent 1958-59 Percent


South Region (14 counties) ...$ 180,573.60
Northeast Region (16 counties) 211,984.70
Northwest Region (16 counties) 190,345.89
Everglades Region (9 counties) 178,258.03
Central Region (12 counties) 201,530.50
Aviation
(statewide-67 counties) ... 50,872.66
Communications
(statewide-67 counties) ... 71,111.71


16.65%
19.54%
17.55%
16.43%
18.58%

4.69%


6.56%


Total ....................... $1,084,677.09 100.00%


$ 190,409.53
213,525.17
200,792.47
179,990.18
205,202.86


16.77%
18.80%
17.68%
15.85%
18.07%


71,837.35 6.33%

73,836.84 6.50%
$1,135,594.40 100.00%


$ 95,771.43
109,219.10
103,027.23
95,668.93
102,343.11


16.68%
19.02%
17.94%
16.66%
17.82%


32,072.21 5.58%

36,166.00 6.30%
$ 574,268.01 100.00%









Information


and


Education



ROBERT A. DAHNE-Chief


THE DUTY Of the Information and
Education Division is to inform
and educate the people of Florida as
to the desirability of proper conser-
vation in all its aspects, and as to the
programs and policies of the Game
and Fresh Water Fish Commission.
To accomplish this duty, the Divi-
sion uses many programs, methods
and ways of informing and educat-
ing the interested public.
In order to gain insight into
the work of the Division, a careful
analysis was made of the work per-
formed during a typical month-
September. In studying the work
performance record, it should be
remembered that the nature of the
work varies considerably from
month to month and from season to
season.
The analysis showed that in car-
rying out their duties, the employees
of the Information and Education
Division accomplishes the following
work during the typical month:
The Division, in a typical month,
makes 42 individual press and pho-
tographic releases in a total of 2,571
copies. It also presents 46 public
lectures about the Commission be-
fore a total audience of 2,717 people,
and attends an additional 43 meet-
ings without making a formal talk
or show.
During the same typical month,
the Division shows Commission ex-
hibits to a conservatively estimated
8,815 viewers. It also distributes
131,038 pieces of printed literature
about fish and wildlife, and shows
or loans a total of 103 wildlife films
and 54 color slides, and appears in


person in an average of four to eight
live radio and television programs.
Each month, the Division also writes
an average of 986 letters and memo-
randums, the majority in answer to
queries for information from the
public.
During the entire year, the Divi-
sion also produces an average of
seven short television films about
the Commission and wildlife, and
distributes a copy of each film to
each of the 18 television stations in
the state. During the year, the Divi-
sion also produces at least one fea-
ture-length color film, and 132 new
color slides devoted to wildlife and
Commission programs. In addition,


cies of the Information and Educa-
tion Division are outlined as fol-
lows:
By its nature, the Information
and Education program carried on
by the Florida Game and Fresh
Water Fish Commission is both in-
tricate and widely diversified.
In all, the Information and Edu-
cation Division is responsible for
carrying on a total of 15 major inter-
related programs that fall roughly
into the five general classifications
of Information, Education, Publicity,
Public Relations and Internal Em-
ployee Training.


Successful information work calls for careful advance plotting, detailed
preparation and dramatic presentation. Officer uses a string of pearls,
shotgun loaded with cap-blanks, pencil and paper-pad, and a few photo-
graphs to dramatize basic principles of conservation.





























The 15 major programs that are
carried on simultaneously are: Pub-
lications, Films and Film Libraries,
News Releases, Fair Exhibits, Radio,
Television, Newspapers, Photogra-
phy, Public School Resource-Use
Education, Lectures, Information
Requests, Special Promotions, Or-
ganizations and Conventions, Junior
Conservation Clubs and League, and
Liaison work.
Each of these 15 major programs
contains, of course, many minor and
varied programs and projects.
In general, the Information and
Education work is carried on two
main levels: Out-of-State Informa-
tion and Education, and Intra-State
Information and Education. Of the
two, the Intra-State work has al-


ways been considered the more im-
portant phase of the Commission's
I&E work.
The Out-of-State I&E program is
carried on primarily through the
office in Tallahassee. In its essence,
the theme of any programs designed
for out-of-state dissemination is to
publicize the great potentialities of
fishing and hunting in Florida. Much
of this work is involuntary in that it
is done at specific request from per-
sons, concerns and states outside of
Florida.
The Out-of-State work continues
to be necessary and desirable just so
long as the national interest in Flor-
ida's fishing and hunting continues
to grow so rapidly as the result of
invaluable publicity received in
countless national magazines, news-
papers, books, television programs
and motion pictures. The out-of-
state work undoubtedly results in
the arrival of many hundreds of out-
of-state visitors fishermen and
hunters and many prospective
permanent residents.
The Intra-State work of the In-
formation and Education Division is
considered to be of most vital inter-
est to the Florida Game and Fresh
Water Fish Commission. This is be-
cause the primary duty and respon-
sibility of the Game Commission is
to the Florida citizens who purchase
licenses to fish and hunt within the
state.
The I&E Division is primarily
charged with the responsibility of
informing and educating the general
public as to the policies, the work
programs, the game and fish laws
and the management practices which
are being set into motion by the
Commission.
The I&E Division is not, and has
never been considered to be, a propa-
ganda machine. Nor is it the "brain"
of the Commission. It serves, in-
stead, as the "tongue" of the Com-
mission, giving voice, in all possible
ways, to the official policies and prac-
tices of the Commission. In order to
do its job, the I&E Division is con-
cerned only with the true facts con-

Photography of captive wild animals
acting naturally in simulated wild
surroundings is important technique
of information and education.


cerning Florida wildlife and its
proper conservation.
The quickest way to destroy the
efficiency and power of the I&E Di-
vision would be through any attempt
at distortion or partial concealment
of the truth. The Division must al-
ways deal in whole and exact truths,
or its efficacy will be totally lost. Nor
is it the duty or the intent of the
Information and Education Division
to in any way infringe upon or com-
pete with established private staff or
free-lance writers, editors and pro-
grammists for newspapers, maga-
zines, books and radio and television
stations. Instead, it is the duty of
the I&E Division to cooperate with
and assist in every possible way all
such writers and editors so as to
help them present complete facts
about fish and wildlife.
In order to effect an efficient 15-
point program on a state-wide basis,
the Staff Officer known as the Chief
of Information and Education has
the assistance, cooperation and ad-
vice of five Regional Information
Officers. These Officers, located in
each Region headquarters office of
the Commission, are completely re-
sponsible for the proper conduct of
complete information and education
programs in the areas encompassed
by the respective Regions.
Under the Regional administrative
set-up, all state-wide informational
or educational programs are organ-
ized and set into motion by the Tal-
lahassee office. The programs are
then carried out on a Regional, or
local, basis by the Regional Officers.
Thus, when an official policy or
operation is adopted by the Commis-
sion or its Director, the informational
and educational aspects are organ-
ized and coordinated by the Talla-
hassee office through the Regional
offices.
The Chief of I&E also has complete
responsibility for all actions and pro-
grams carried on by the Supervisor
of Youth Education, the Chief of
Audio-Visual, and the Supervisor
of Adult Liaison.
PUBLICATIONS
The I&E Division has the duty of
preparing, processing, editing and
publishing the majority of pamph-
lets, booklets and brochures which








the Commission distributes as an
aid to properly informing and edu-
cating interested persons as to wild-
life and the conservation thereof.
The major portion of these are dis-
tributed through the I&E Division
channels.
FILMS AND FILM LIBRARIES
The Division maintains six film
libraries throughout the state at its
Central and Regional Offices. These
films-mainly 16mm. color-sound-
are available to interested groups
for educational and instructional
purposes. Both Commission-pro-
duced films, and films produced by
outside interests, are utilized in the
loan libraries.
AUDIO-VISUAL
The Audio-Visual Section is main-
tained to handle still and motion
photography of native Florida fish
and wildlife, and related audio-
visual techniques. The Section pro-
duces motion films, still photographs,
color slide lectures, magazine art-
work, and related work activities.
Primarily, the Section's production
is aimed at public release through
television stations, magazines and
newspapers, and loan libraries.
The Audio-Visual Section also
makes picture-news releases to
many of the daily and weekly news-
papers, both in Florida and out-of-
state.
Detailed reports as to Audio-Vis-
ual activities and wildlife photo-
graphic techniques are available
upon request by interested persons.
NEWS RELEASES
Statewide news releases are proc-
essed and distributed by the Talla-
hassee office. Region-wide news re-
leases are processed and distributed
by the Regional Information Office.
News releases are one of the most
important programs carried on by
the I&E Division, for it is only
through this medium that most
newspapers, radio stations, television
stations, editors, outdoor writers and
interested sportsmen obtain author-


Teamwork by Information Officers results in efficient and economical opera-
tion. Live animal is photographed in motion, still and color slide giving
most extensive coverage without repeating project. Wild animal is always
kept under complete, safe control.


itative information concerning cur-
rent Commission policies, programs,
activities, and rules and regulations.
News releases are not distributed on
any set, regulated basis-to do so
would result in the artificial, or
"canned" type of release. Instead,
news releases are prepared only
when the Commission is involved in
a newsworthy occurrence, or when
a point of public information needs
clarification, such as hunting rules
and regulations. During the average
twelve-month period, the Tallahas-
see I&E office prepares and distrib-
utes a total of 107 statewide news


releases-each release being mailed
to approximately 1,200 addresses.
During the same twelve-month pe-
riod, the five Regional Information
offices prepare and distribute a total
of 100 region-wide news releases.

ADULT LIAISON
During the biennium, a State Co-
ordinator of Senior Conservation
Clubs was employed. The duties of
this employee are many and varied,
but are primarily devoted to liaison
work between the Commission and
public organizations, such as con-
servation and sportsmen's clubs.


The Wonders of Wildlife. Wilderness
day camps for school classes will be
extremely popular in Florida during
the next few years. Conservation in
the schools.






























This employee is also responsible for
implementation of the I&E Division's
state-wide firearms and hunter
safety training programs for both
adults and youth. In the first year
of the program, 274 adults in Florida
were trained and certified as hunt-
ing safety instructors, and 1,159 boys
and girls certified as safe hunters.
YOUTH EDUCATION
During the biennium, a large
amount of effort was expended in
developing along well-established
lines the Youth Education program
and responsibilities. Details are to
be found in the Youth Education
section of this biennial report.
EXHIBITS
Many exhibits are installed at
conventions, assemblies and fairs
throughout the state. All such ex-
hibits feature official Commission
policies and programs as themes. The
exhibits are scheduled, constructed
and exhibited through the initiative
and resources of the respective Re-
gional offices.
RADIO
Radio activities were confined
mainly to personal appearances by
Regional Information Officers and
personnel on local radio stations and
tape-recorded programs.
TELEVISION
In addition to the Audio-Visual
Television work, Regional Informa-
tion Officers and personnel made
personal appearances on numer-
ous television programs. During a


twelve-month period, the five Re-
gional Information Officers made a
total of 100 appearances on radio
and television programs.
NEWSPAPERS
Maintaining good relations with
newspaper writers and editors
throughout the state is always a
continuing program of the I&E
Division, with the efforts carried on
by Regional Information Officers.
LECTURES
All I&E Officers, as well as other
employees of the Commission, are
continuously available for public ap-
pearances and addresses before nu-
merous public gatherings and organ-
izations throughout the state.
OTHER ACTIVITIES
Work done in handling informa-
tion requests, special promotions,
organizations and conventions, and
public school resource-use education
are covered in other sections of this
Biennial Report.


SUMMARY
In general, the Information and
Education section is charged with
the responsibility of informing and
educating the public to proper con-
servation methods and practices. It
is vitally concerned with publicizing
the activities and policies of the
Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish
Commission. It is always interested
in maintaining good relations be-
tween the sportsmen and the Com-
mission. It is, of course, interested
in employee training and morale. It
must, at all times, work in coopera-
tion with all branches of the Com-
mission in all fields, and it must
attain continuous and complete con-
tact with all Commission employees
and programs. Essentially, the In-
formation and Education Division is
a service department-offering its
service to all persons connected with
the Commission, and to all sports-
men and citizens of Florida and the
United States. 0


Production and distribution of literature containing official information is
never-ending job of Information and Education Divison. Putting the good
message directly into the hands of the people.












FLORIDA



WILDLIFE


BILL HANSEN
Editor -


fiorida '

! Conservation. w I L I
Fishig Hunting |fE


T HE MONTHLY PUBLICATION OF
FLORIDA WILDLIFE is an impor-
tant medium employed by the Game
and Fresh Water Fish Commission
for the effective dissemination of in-
formation and educational material
so important to the eventual success
of present and future Commission
programs.
A total of 39 major state Game and
Fish Commissions now make use
of periodic publications as a proven
public information service. These
publications range from weekly bul-
letins to the slick monthly magazine
type format. FLORIDA WILDLIFE has
recently obtained high national rec-
ognition in the latter category.
A balanced contents of factual,
technical and general type articles
are presented each month. Subjects
covered in each issue include Com-
mission programs, fresh water fish-
ing, hunting, conservation and nat-
ural history in general.
FLORIDA WILDLIFE is dedicated to
the conservation, preservation and
propagation of Florida's fresh water
fish, game and related natural re-
sources. The purpose of this maga-
zine is to acquaint and educate the
public with the many problems con-
nected with the immense task of
conserving a natural heritage for all
future generations, and to report
on the progress being made by the
Commission in meeting the chal-
lenge. It also seeks to develop a gen-
eral understanding and cooperative
public relations between state offi-
cials and technicians and the people
of Florida.


The Commission now prints 21,000
copies of each monthly issue. Ap-
proximately 19,500 are mailed each
month to a regular mailing list con-
sisting of paid subscribers, Commis-
sion employees, state officials and
members of other state and Federal
conservation agencies. The remain-
ing 1,500 are distributed free of
charge through various fairs and ex-
hibits, Chambers of Commerce, and
through official state promotional
distribution agencies.
A portion of the cost of publishing
FLORIDA WILDLIFE is paid for from
the paid subscriptions which now go
to all 48 states and several foreign
countries. The remaining cost is ab-
sorbed by the Commission as an im-
portant public information service
with value received immeasurable


as to dollars and cents value.
It should be remembered that,
although this portion of the over-all
budget earmarked for FLORIDA WILD-
LIFE is expended mostly on the
monthly publication, the personnel
of this department spend consider-
able time assisting in functions di-
rectly connected with other Com-
mission departments.
Duties assigned to the small mag-
azine staff of three include: editorial
preparation, article writing and re-
writing, photography, publication
layout and makeup mechanics, field
work, information disbursing, book-
keeping, special addressograph and
mailing procedure, related clerical
duties and other required Commis-
sion activities.
Under the present organization
and Commission policy, FLORIDA
WILDLIFE has, for the past biennium,
shown a continuous increase in paid
circulation and improved format
quality. During the same period,
through an efficient systematic or-
ganization, the general over-all pub-
lishing cost has been steadily de-
creasing.
Research in the magazine publish-
ing field shows that approximately
212 individuals read each distributed
copy of this type monthly periodical.
Based on the aforementioned fig-
ures, the Game and Fresh Water
Fish Commission's monthly maga-
zine, FLORIDA WILDLIFE, delivers a
message of definite importance to
approximately 625,000 readers an-
nually. 0




































Aerial stocking of wild-trapped turkey starts new flocks in remote areas.




AVIATION


THE PRIMARY function of the
Aviation Section is to give
close, coordinated air support to
ground personnel to obtain maxi-
mum results in law enforcement
work.

Totals taken from pilots' weekly
activity reports for the two-year
period show that they spent 6,940
hours in the air, including patrol
(day and night), spray time, person-
nel transportation, photo flights, sur-
veys and assisting other State and
Federal agencies. In addition to this,
they spent 5,059 hours on ground
patrol and law enforcement work.

Personnel in the Aviation Section
consist of the Chief of the Section,
five regional pilots, two spray pilots,
two aircraft and engine mechanics,
one mechanic helper and one part-
time secretary. All personnel, with


the exception of the secretary, are
commercial pilots with many hours
of experience in their type of work.
Aviation Section headquarters are
located at Ocala, Florida, at the
municipal airport. When the facili-
ties were first moved to Ocala, space
was provided by the city in hangars
currently not in use. As time passed,
the hangar space was leased to com-
panies that needed large space for
their operations. Because of this, in
the summer of 1957, it was decided
that the Game Commission would
build its own hangar at the airport.
Space for the hangar was provided
by the city of Ocala. The construc-
tion of the hangar was completed
by the maintenance crew which is


WILLIAM S. DURKEE
Chief -


normally based at Ocala. The only
contracted services required in the
construction were the use of a mo-
bile crane to lift completed span
structures into place, and the neces-
sary equipment to roll and prime the
surface of the hangar floor. While
not wholly completed, the mainten-
ance work on airplanes was being
carried on in the new hangar at the
end of an eighteen-day period.
The hangar is 45 feet by 65 feet,
and houses two airplanes, all main-
tenance equipment, has a separate
stock room, toilet facilities and an
office. With the building of this
hangar and the addition of special
types of equipment, the Aviation
Section is able to complete all rou-
tine inspections, and minor and ma-
jor repairs and overhauls to Com-
mission aircraft required by the
Civil Aeronautics Administration. In
addition to this, they provide all








necessary maintenance for Hyacinth
Control airboat engines, and out-
board motor maintenance for the
larger outboard motors used in the
Central Florida Region, St. Johns
River area.
Aircraft used by the Commission
consist of four Piper PA-18's, two
Cessna 170's, one Cessna 180 and one
Stinson L-5. One PA-18 and the
Cessna 180 are equipped with spray-
ing apparatus for the control of hya-
cinths and other noxious weeds. An-
other PA-18 is equipped with am-
phibious floats for water work.
During a 24-hour period, a pilot
may be requested to assist in many
various tasks, day or night, such as
patrol, flying over our many lakes
and streams, management areas, the
famed Everglades swamps and
marshes and public properties for
the purpose of locating illegal means
of taking game or fish.
Commission pilots very frequently
aid the Highway Patrol and Sheriffs'
departments in looking for lost or
drowned persons, missing aircraft,
escaped prisoners or illegal stills. A
great many hours are flown at night
in an attempt to make it very diffi-
cult for the illegal hunter, who must
use a light, to locate and shoot game,
or to leave the area without being
detected. Radio communications play
an important part here, making it
possible to direct ground personnel
to intercept and apprehend the vio-
lator.
General survey and aerial photo
work are commonplace, and in the


fall the "duck count" is begun. All
duck habitat in the entire State is
flown over for the purpose of classi-
fying species and approximate num-
bers.
The float equipped aircraft is
based in the central part of Florida
among our many fresh water lakes
suitable for this type of aircraft op-
erations.
Two of the aircraft, a PA-18 and
Cessna 180 previously mentioned,
have the never-ceasing problem of
controlling the hyacinths and other
noxious weeds which plague our
many fresh-water lakes and streams.
To enable a proper and effective kill,
the pilot must fly directly over the
plants at an altitude of between five
and fifteen feet, which requires a
great deal of skill and concentration.
Because of the many and varied
tasks which an aircraft must per-
form, positive and thorough mainten-
ance is a must for all Commission
aircraft. Each plane must be care-
fully and thoroughly inspected after
100 hours of flight (50 hours for the
two sprayers). Because the mainten-
ance shop carries on a program of
"progressive maintenance" for each
aircraft, at this time minor repairs
are made where needed. This may
be in the form of new sparkplugs,
oil changes, new tires and tubes, re-
placement of worn bolts, nuts or
rivets, and cables. At the end of a
600 to 900 hour period of flight time,
depending upon the type engine and
use made of aircraft, what is known
as a "major overhaul" takes place.


At this time, the engine is completely
torn down and worn parts replaced
whenever necessary. Needed fuse-
lage repairs are also made at this
time including, new fabric or paint.
Once a year, the airplane is carefully
checked and licensed by an author-
ized representative of the Civil Aero-
nautics Administration.
During the past biennium, 12,153
hours were spent on maintenance of
aircraft, airboat engines and out-
board motors.
In order to become a pilot with
the Game Commission, a person
must have a commercial pilot's li-
cense, and a minimum of 1,000 hours
of flying time, and, in addition to
this, he must pass a rigid test given
by the Chief of the Aviation Sec-
tion. This is done to ascertain the
pilot's capabilities in controlling his
aircraft at altitudes and speeds not
familiar to the average commercial
pilot during routine flying. He must
also have an understanding of air-
craft mechanics, communications,
weather and orientation.
In addition to the above, he must
be thoroughly familiar with the du-
ties of a Wildlife Officer. Not only
must the Game and Fresh Water
Fish Commission pilots be very com-
petent in performing their duties
with the aircraft but they must also
be sincerely interested in conserva-
tion and wildlife so that the opera-
tion of the Aviation Division can be
a complete and integrated part of
the Game Commission as an organ-
ization. 0


Public service to distressed people is normal routine
for wildlife officer-on the ground and in the air.
Commission's air and ground patrol equipment is
designed for wilderness travel.


Pilots assist licensed aircraft and engine mechanics in
making routine inspections, checks and repairs. Com-
plete aircraft and engine shop is maintained by the
Commission.














Radio


Communications





RHETT McMILLIAN
Chief -


THE Communications Section was
set up late in the year of 1948
to serve primarily as an aid to the
Law Enforcement program. Beyond
its primary purpose of serving as a
tool for officers in the field, the radio
system has since proved itself to be
a valuable adjunct to the Commis-
sion's continuous efforts in achieving
greater efficiency with a consequent
saving in both time and money.


Now, the Communications Section
not only serves as a law-enforcement
tool, but also as an aid to greater
flexibility in the overall state-wide
administrative functions.
The headquarters of the Commu-
nication Section are located central-
ly in New Smyrna, and here are
found the necessary operating tools
of the far-flung radio system. Com-
munications Headquarters keeps ac-
curate cost records of each radio
unit, operating manuals and signal
cards which are prepared and furn-
ished to Commission personnel, and
a stock of emergency parts and sup-
plies.
The communication operating
equipment now in the Commission
consists of 289 mobile units, includ-
ing airborne sets, 27 base stations,
including two stations at temporary
sites. Six of the base stations are
operated in cooperation with the
State Forestry Services, two in co-
operation with the State Park
Service, and one in cooperation with
the South Florida Conservation Dis-
trict.
Base station locations are: New
Smyrna, Munson, Eglin Field,


Panama City, Bonifay, Wilma, Wood-
ruff, Tallahassee, Perry, Cross City,
Lake City, Jacksonville, San Mateo,
Ocala, Williston, Leesburg, Tomoka,
Magnolia, Lakeland, Myakka, High-
lands, Okeechobee, Belle Glade, Im-
makolee, Miami, and the State Civil
Defense Emergency Control Center.
Several antenna sites have been
erected about the state, so ground
mobile units may connect to the
larger antenna and send and receive


CBASE LINE
FIOBILE "B BASE"X" CONTROL LiNE
Mobile Relay Operation now in use
by Florida Game and Fresh Water
Fish Commission.









for greater distances at important
points.
The Commission continues to co-
operate with the Federal Civil De-
fense, and the Communications sys-
tem has taken important part in all
disaster tests. The Chief of Com-
munications is a member of the State
Civil Defense Communications Com-
mittee.
The Communications Division is
composed of six technicians, and has
repair facilities and personnel at
New Smyrna, Panama City, Lake-
land, Lake City and Okeechobee.
Each technician was responsible for
the maintenance and operation of an
average of six base and sixty-six
mobile units.
In September of 1957 the Office of
Defense Mobilization needs caused
the Federal Communications Com-
mission to declare the Commission's
radio frequency necessary for the
national defense, and ordered the
Commission to vacate.
This was a serious blow to
the Commission, as it caused the
abandonment of its present com-
munications facilities. Inasmuch as
the vacation date was 1959, an all-out
crash effort was necessary to evalu-
ate the situation and decide upon a
course of action. Within a period
of one year, a completely new state-
wide system was engineered, match-
ing funds obtained from Civil
Defense, new frequencies and li-
censes obtained, bids accepted and
new construction carried to com-
pletion.
The new high-band radio system
is a radical departure from conven-
tional design, and is the first of its
kind in the country. The same
coverage has been achieved as in the
old low band system, but with the
added facility of allowing the of-
ficers in their vehicles to operate the
base stations on an automatic basis
after or during station-operator
hours.
By means of the mobile relay
method, vehicles may intercommuni-
cate airline distances up to 70 miles,
thus doubling the range and effeci-
ency of the system.
The remainder of the period will
be utilized in the adjustment and
perfection of the new system, as well
as adequate training of its proper
usage. 0


RADIO COMMUNICATIONS
GAME & FRESH WATER. FISH COMMISSION


21 BAS STATION
/ocafions, own aon mp


7 AI/RPLAf/ UNT/.




-,.. 274 AO08/LE UN/TS- CARS, TRUCks
a- BOAr, AIRBOATI, SWAMP
BUGG/Es, ereTC.


NOTE: 30-mile radius around each base station location is normal car-to-
station communications range. Station-to-station range and station-to-
plane-to-car range is much greater.


STATION LOCATIONS


COUNTY


LOCATION


Santa Rosa................ Munson
Okaloosa ............... Eglin Field
Bay ................. Panama City
Holmes ................... Bonifay
Liberty .................. W ilma
Jackson .................Woodruff
Leon .................. Tallahassee
Taylor ................... .. Perry
Dixie. .................. Cross City
Columbia ...............Lake City
Duval. .............. Jacksonville
Putnam ................. San Mateo


COUNTY


LOCATION


Marion. ................... Ocala
Volusia ................... Tomoka
Volusia........ New Smyrna Beach
Lake .................... Leesburg
Orange .................. Magnolia
Polk. ................... Lakeland
Highlands ................. Sebring
Sarasota........ Myakka State Park
Okeechobee ........... Okeechobee
Palm Beach............Belle Glade
Collier ................ Immokalee
Broward ............... Hollywood


Levy .................. .. Williston

AT LARGE-STATE CD EMERGENCY CONTROL CENTER













Jne



Northeast Florida



Region Reports


C. N. CLYMORE
Manager


THE MOST significant event that
affected the Northeast Region in
the past biennium was the decision
of the Commissioners to build Re-
gional office buildings in all five re-
gions starting with a building in
Lake City. This decision gave all
regional personnel a sense of per-
manency and direction with a con-
sequent rise in morale. Actual build-
ing was started shortly after the end
of the biennium.
The 15 counties that comprise
the Northeast Region are Alachua,
Baker, Bradford, Clay, Columbia,
Dixie, Duval, Gilchrist, Hamilton,
Lafayette, Madison, Nassau, Levy,
Suwannee, Taylor, and Union. (Map
Page 71.) The region logically divides
into four enforcement areas, each
under the supervision of an area
supervisor. Twenty-nine wildlife of-
ficers are the law enforcement arm
of the region. Other regional person-
nel includes a regional manager, sec-
retary, education officer, three radio
station operators, pilot, fish manage-
ment technician, and radio engineer.
In addition, there are eight game
management technicians working in
the region, two more than during the
previous biennium. These additions,
together with an added radio en-
gineer and a radio station operator,
give the region a working force of
49 persons, which is two more than
in the previous reporting period.
Due to the fact that the men had


more and better equipment with
which to work, the statistics of this
biennium show an increase over the
previous reporting period. With the
previous biennium figures given in
parenthesis for comparison, the
statistical total is quite impressive. A
compilation shows that the men
traveled 1,204,643 miles (1,141,378),
put in 182,927 hours of land patrol
(172,222), checked 51,212 licenses
(49,801), and made 1,385 arrests
(962).
The licenses-checked figure doubt-
less includes many duplications,
but the old sportsman's complaint
of never having his license checked
is seldom heard nowadays. Thirty-
six illegal but usable deer, six tur-
keys, and 4,112 pounds of fish were
seized by the men, and donated to
charitable institutions. During the
course of 19,969 hours of water
patrol, officers destroyed 65 illegal
fish traps, and confiscated one seine
totaling 250 yards in length. This
last figure is considerably lower than
that reported for the previous two
years, and reflects a more vigorous
approach to the problem.
All officers are radio-equipped,
and, with stations now located at
Jacksonville, Lake City, Perry,
Cross City, and Williston, there are
no areas where radio coverage can-
not be achieved. It is hard to over-
estimate the usefulness of the radio
as a law enforcement tool in this


region.
As important as law enforcement
is, the long-range goal in this region
is recognized as education of the
public, and no effort is spared in this
department. All personnel partici-
pate in this phase of our work, but
the main burden, of course, falls on
the Education Officer. He is almost
constantly on the road, making talks
to school groups, civic clubs, and
sportsmens organizations, working
with youth groups, getting out fav-
orable news releases and pictures,
and generally spreading the word of
good conservation. Much emphasis
has been laid on this work during
the past two years in this region, and
a growing awareness on the part of
the public of the need for following
good conservation practices is plain-
ly apparent in many of our counties.
This is evidenced by the fact that
sportsmen's clubs have been organ-
ized and are actively functioning in
Baker, Dixie, and Taylor counties.
These are good game counties, but
have been somewhat of a law en-
forcement problem in the past. The
fact that the citizens of these counties
have seen fit to organize these clubs
is a sure sign of conservation pro-
gress.
Requests for assistance with fish
management problems have con-
tinued to increase, and the regional
fish management technician works
hard to see that all requests are


II





ak t


promptly answered. In addition to
pond poisoning and noxious plant
control, the technician stocked 112
ponds, lakes, and streams with 225,-
000 bream, and 84 bodies of water
with 95,000 largemouth black bass.
He inspected 246 lakes and ponds.
He assisted the fish management di-
vision on several large projects, and
was in turn greatly aided by the
hyacinth control unit with several
hyacinth control problems in the
region.
The seven management areas lo-
cated in the Northeast region total
698,250 acres, with all but 96,250
acres available for hunting. The
steadily increasing number of per-
mits sold testifies to hunters' satis-
faction with the management area
program in this region. Larger kills
of all game species are reported in
the areas every year, which indicates
that the game biologists stationed in
this region are doing an outstanding
job.
Our Cessna 170B airplane con-
tinues to be a work horse. The plane
was flown a total of 944.0 hours, and
a breakdown of the figures shows
590.0 hours of day patrol, 42.6 hours
of night patrol, and 311.4 hours of
such things as personnel transporta-
tion, fire spotting, photo surveys,
search for missing persons, and duck
counts. This plane is well suited to
the needs of law enforcement work,
and the experience of the pilot has
enabled him to be of great assistance


to the officers on the ground in mak-
ing cases. Illegal fire hunters have
been known to shut off their light
and go home upon hearing a plane
near them, whether it was our plane
or not. They have learned that a
plane in the vicinity very often
means that wildlife officers in cars
will soon make their appearance,
and it is believed that considerable
game has been saved as a result of
the use of the plane.
One of the most important uses of
the plane is in fire spotting. The pilot
is always on the lookout for fires
while on patrol, and has been the
first to report several fires. The plane
is available to personnel of this and
other regions when haste and dis-
tance are factors in making trips,
and has been especially useful in
this respect on several occasions.
One of the most important factors
in managing our deer population has
come as a side effect of the State
Livestock Sanitary Board's highly
successful screw fly eradication pro-
gram. While the primary purpose of
the program was to aid the Florida
cattleman, all field personnel have
noted the increase in our fawn popu-
lation this past year. We will now be
able to raise a much larger propor-
tion of the fawns dropped that we
formerly lost to screw worms. The
program would be well worth while
if it were conducted solely for the
sake of our game.
The Northeast Florida Wildlife


Officer's Club, composed of officers
of the region, continues to hold its
periodic meetings, and has seen the
practice spread to other regions.
Meetings are held quarterly, at
which time the men have the op-
portunity to exchange ideas and ex-
periences, and, quite often, officials
from the Tallahassee office are pres-
ent to explain new policies and pro-
grams, and to answer questions that
arise during the course of the officer's
work. It is felt that these meetings
are invaluable from the standpoint
of morale.
The formation and encouragement
of sportsmens groups is one of the
most important aspects of the work
in this region. A good working con-
servation program is not possible
without the cooperation of the
public, regardless of the efforts of
a State conservation agency. All
personnel of the region recognize
this fact, and no effort is spared to
help each and every sportsmens club
in the region to be a success. Several
new clubs have been formed in the
region in the last two years, and
they, in turn, have been extremely
helpful to the personnel of the re-
gion. On several occasions, members
of sportsmens clubs have held viola-
tors at the scene of violation until
the arrival of the wildlife officer,
and have appeared as witnesses at
the trial. This type of cooperation
between the two groups bodes well
for the success of wildlife conserva-
tion in Florida. 0









Jche



Northwest Florida


Region Reports


J. W. BICKERSTAFF
Manager


THE NORTHWEST Florida Region
is composed of sixteen counties
making up the Third Congressional
District of Florida.
The Northwest region is an area
of approximately 7,713,639 acres,
bordered on the west and north by
Alabama and Georgia, and on the
south by the Gulf of Mexico. This
region is commonly referred to as
the "Big Bend" or "Pan-handle" of
Florida.
Counties included in the North-
west Region are Bay, Calhoun, Es-
cambia, Franklin, Gadsden, Gulf,
Holmes, Jefferson, Leon, Liberty,
Okaloosa, Santa Rosa, Wakulla,
Washington, Jackson and Walton.
From a fish and game conserva-
tion viewpoint, Northwest Florida
is distinctive when compared to the
rest of Florida. The majority of the
fishing pressure comes from non-
resident weekend fishermen, and is
restricted mostly to rivers or simi-
lar waters. An estimated eighty
percent of the fishermen are cane
pole addicts, and the pan-fish is by
far the most sought after species.
Topographically, Northwest Florida
is composed of hills, pine forest,
small lakes, and hardwood and cy-
press swamps.
Of the approximately 7,713,639
acres in the Northwest region, over
865,000 or 11.2 percent, is now under
a Commission supervised game man-


agement or public hunting program.
There is a total of eight wildlife
management areas in Northwest
Florida, seven of which are open for
public hunting, to give the sports-
men a total of 742,420 acres of
managed hunting. These controlled
hunting areas include the 67,000-
acre Leon Wakulla area and the
133,120-acre Liberty area located in
the Apalachicola National Forest,
the 118,300-acre Gaskin area located
in Gulf, Calhoun and Bay counties,
as well as a portion of the Aucilla
area (25,000 acres located in Wakul-
la and Jefferson counties), and the
3,000-acre St. Marks area, which is
the only management area in the
state operated solely for waterfowl,
and the newly established 6,000-acre
Woodruff area. The 390,000-acre
Eglin area is unique in the fact that
the hunt is made possible through
the cooperation of the U.S. Air
Force and the Game and Fresh Wa-
ter Fish Commission.
There is one special archery hunt
held annually within the Northwest
region. The Eglin Archery Hunt
produced a total of 17 deer for the
1958 hunt, to establish a record for
Florida archers. Controlled bear
hunts were conducted in the Liberty
area during the month of October.
The Northwest region has been host
to the Florida Fox Hunters Associa-
tion field trials for the past six
years. The Northwest region is also
unique in being the only region to


conduct a spring gobbler hunt. This
hunt is held in the Eglin area as a
controlled hunt in 1955, and region-
wide in 1956.
The Northwest region is divided
into four enforcement areas, with
headquarters located in Panama
City. Personnel serving the region
include a regional manager, infor-
mation officer, pilot, fisheries biolo-
gist, radio engineer, secretary, four
area supervisors and thirty wildlife
officers.
A summary of the activities of
the enforcement section for the past
biennial shows that wildlife officers
spent 159,324 hours on land patrol,
34,812 hours on water patrol, made
1,380 arrests for game and fish law
violations, and traveled 1,298,272
miles in performance of their duties.
Meetings are held quarterly for all
personnel in the Northwest region,
and monthly for the four law en-
forcement areas. These meetings are
designed to keep the personnel of
the Northwest region abreast of the
changes in the programs and policies
of the Game and Fresh Water Fish
Commission, and to serve as a mo-
rale factor, and education medium.
Through the use of such meetings,
the Northwest region is constantly
striving to produce a better informed
and, thereby, a better qualified wild-
life officer. The wildlife officers of
the Northwest region are today bet-










ter qualified, better equipped and
more capable of performing the du-
ties of a Commission wildlife officer
than ever before.
The Northwest Florida regional
fisheries biologist investigated nu-
merous fishery problems in the past
two years. Technical assistance was
provided in all phases of small lake
and pond management. The greatest
possible utilization of hatchery fin-
gerlings has been obtained by inspec-
tions to determine stocking needs.
A total of 2,716,550 bream and 212,-
845 bass were released.
The Game and Fresh Water Fish
Commission operates one fish hatch-
ery in the Northwest region, the
Blackwater hatchery located at Holt,
which produces an average of one
and a half million bluegill finger-
lings and seventy thousand bass
fingerlings per year. The Dead
Lakes hatchery located at Wewa-
hitchka has been closed due to a
shortage of water. The Northwest
region fisheries technician assisted
hatchery personnel with hatchery
management so that maximum utili-
zation of existing facilities could be
obtained.
The regional technician partici-
pated in the following projects and
surveys: Lake George, Lake Jack-
son, Lake Bradford, Merritts Mill
Pond, North Bay and Dead Lakes,


and, attended numerous meetings
throughout the region concerning
a variety of problems. Talks and
lectures were presented to schools,
clubs, and civic organizations on
proper fish management technique
and procedure.
The region pilot conducts routine
air patrol as law enforcement aid.
Close cooperation between air ob-
servation and law enforcement
resulted in numerous arrests that
otherwise would have been impos-
sible. The region pilot also assisted
in a number of air searches, and
conducted waterfowl inventories in
the St. Marks refuge and through-
out the entire region.
The region information officer, as
routine duty answers all infor-
mation requests, presents lectures
on wildlife, conservation of natur-
al resources, and various subjects,
to sportsmen's organizations, civic
clubs, schools and other allied
groups, and handles public relations
activities concerning the Commis-
sion and the Northwest region. He
also conducts a year-round training
program among the wildlife officers
of the region, and is responsible for
seeing that the Commission's ac-
tivities, programs and policies are
properly presented to the people of
the Northwest region.
The communications section of
the Northwest region consists of one
radio engineer who is responsible for
the installation and maintenance of
the eight base stations and the
sixty-nine mobile units in the re-
gion. With the present installation of


Regional area supervisor inspects
illegally taken doe and confiscated
firearms and lights taken in arrest.




eight base stations, the Commission
now has a complete radio coverage
over the entire Northwest re-
gion. 0


Employees cooperate closely on law
enforcement operations.



SM' f


RECAPITULATION

Wildlife Officers' Activities, Northwest Florida Region
(July, 1956 through June, 1958)


Miles Traveled .......... 1,298,272 Complaints and Violations
Investigated ...........
Arrests Made ............ 1,380 Investigated..........
Hours Equipment Mainte-
Hours, Land Patrol ....... 159,324
nance .................


Hours, Water Patrol ...... 3

Hours in Court ...........

Hours in Meetings ........


Hours Other Than Law En-
1,512 forcement .............

3,593 Hours Office Work .......


1,640


2,862


3,766

2,362


57
















































THE EVERGLADES REGION encom-
passes nearly eight million acres
of land area, ranging from the popu-
lous tourist centers of Miami, West
Palm Beach and Fort Lauderdale,
to the forbidding primitive areas
of the Everglades.
The region includes 10 counties
which are Dade, Broward, Collier,
Indian River, St. Lucie, Okeecho-
bee, Palm Beach, Monroe, Martin
and Hendry. The two largest coun-
ties of the Everglades region, both
in land areas and in populations, are
Dade and Palm Beach.
The Everglades swamp lands
have been described as a huge,
shallow, creeping river hidden by a
blanket of sawgrass. It is some-
times difficult to realize, while rid-
ing through the central part of the


Everglades region, that just 50 miles
on either side of you are populous
tourist resorts bulging with people
and their activities. On the other
hand, a person traveling down the
fabulous coast of the Everglades re-
gion would find it equally difficult to
visualize the vast remote stretches
of cypress strands, flat pine and
palm hammocks that dominate the
northern and west central portion
of the Everglades region. The
neverending expanse of sawgrass
spreads its reedy vegetation as far
as the human eye can see in the
southern end of the region.


LOUIS F. GAINEY
Manager


All these wonders of nature so
abundant in the Everglades region
present a challenging and fascina-
ting country that attracts more and
more sportsman and sight-seers
each year.
Certainly this region contains
some of the most unusual hunting
and fishing in the world.
The distinctive mark of the Ever-
glades region is the need for highly
specialized equipment to hunt, fish,
explore or work the uncivilized
areas. Many sportsmen have
evolved mobile equipment capable
of conquering the remotest areas.
So proud are they of their equip-
ment swamp buggies, air boats
or weasels that two of the more
exciting events in South Florida
are the "Swamp Buggy Day" pa-
rade and races at Naples on the
southwest coast, and the airboat
races held each year in West Palm
Beach and in the Miami area, where
equipment owners compete for
highest honors.
The Commission's Everglades Re-
gion contains over one-third of the
population of the State of Florida.
It also contains the most desolate
wilderness areas. This means that
the Regional office, located in Okee-
chobee, is constantly faced with spe-
cialized problems, peculiar only to
this region.
The region has a force of 21 Wild-
life officers, three area supervisors,
one pilot and a regional manager
for the law enforcement staff. Most
of these men were trained by many
years of association with the vast
reaches of the Big Cypress, Lake
Okeechobee and the Everglades
sawgrass, even before joining the
Commission. Such experience is
helpful to the job of law enforce-
ment, and to wilderness survival in
view of the many dangers encoun-
tered in the more isolated areas.
Most of the Region's highly spe-
cialized equipment was developed
by personal knowledge and experi-
mentation by our officers. The Re-
gion's Wildlife officers have de-
signed and built stronger and faster
airboats to give the officer the ex-
treme advantage in the 'glades, in
spite of their added equipment, such
as extra gas and camping equip-
ment necessary for extended law-
enforcement patrols. Special tracks


c7l e


Everglades Florida


Region Reports








for the Commission half-tra
bile equipment had to be dev
so the equipment would be
at all times and not fail at a
moment.
This Regional transport
mentation is still going o


1956-1958
WILDLIFE OFFICER
ACTIVITIES

Everglades Region

Miles Traveled ..........
Arrests Made ............
Land Patrol .............
Hours in Meetings ......
Hours in Court ..........
Miscellaneous ...........
Complaints and Alleged
Violations Investigated..
Hours Equipment Main-
tenance ...............
Hours Spent Office Work..
W ater Patrol ............


the results have been appr
There is still the ever-preset
lem of more and more hunt
better equipment invading
gion each year. The Everglac
sonnel will have to continue


ck mo- prove present equipment to widen
'eloped, its range and potential in order to
reliable keep pace with the increase of
crucial sportsmen in the area.
The four types of terrain found
experi- in the Everglades region make it
n, and necessary to use specialized equip-
ment to patrol the areas. Airboats
are a must in the sawgrass areas,
while swamp buggies and half-
tracks are often used during a low-
.S water period. Swamp buggies, half-
tracks and weasels are mandatory
in the Big-Cypress, where trees,
rocks and mud would soon rip out
the bottom of an airboat or bog
down a Jeep. The northern flat pine
851,970 portion of the region requires only
1,067 Jeeps and automobiles. In the Lake
Okeechobee district, consisting of
114,024 open water and marsh areas, air-
1,191 boats are most suitable, with one
inboard and several outboard boats
1,654 patrolling the open water.
59 One can surmise from the fore-
going that equipment is the keynote
to success in the Everglades Region.
1,850 Besides their primary duty of law
enforcement, wildlife officers in this
region are continually called upon
4,934 for many tasks ranging from col-
1,971 lecting biological data to rescue
work. Throughout the past two
14,009 years, many messages of sickness
and death were taken to hunters in
the field, and several rescues were
eciable. made of fishermen in overturned
It prob- boats and hunters lost in swamps in
ers and the Everglades. Hunters accident-
this re- ally shot or stricken with sickness
des per- were given first aid and swift trans-
to im- portation to hospitals. Creel census


Regional manager checks unloading
of wild hogs at Corbett Wildlife
Management Area, where the ani-
mals are listed as legal game.


and bag checks were made by Wild-
life officers to aid in obtaining a
more complete picture for the game
and fish management departments
projects.
The demand for fisheries efforts
on both public and privately owned
waters is still increasing throughout
the Everglades region, owing to the
rapid growth and development of
the areas involved. A total of 133
privately-owned ponds throughout
the Everglades region were inspected
and management advice given to
the pond owners. The management
problems encountered most within
the region are non-fertile waters
and unbalanced fish populations.
The fisheries biologist assisted in
fish kill reports. The biologist also
assisted in numerous fish projects,
outside of his normal duty station,
which consisted of surveys, both
ground and air, of lakes and streams
as well as selective poisoning pro-
grams on Lakes Apopka and Traf-
ford.
The diversified activities of the
fishery biologist a 1 so included,
working with oil-probe surveying
crews; small watershed investiga-
tions; pollution problems; soil bank
programs; Lake George investiga-
tions, and attendance at two schools
for Wildlife officers, held in Okee-
chobee. Alligator weed surveys
were also carried out by the biolo-
gist.










J he


Central Florida Region

Reports

D. C. LAND
Manager


THE CENTRAL Florida Region,
formerly known as the Fifth
District, is now composed of Bre-
vard, Citrus, Flagler, Lake, Marion,
Orange, Osceola, Putnam, St. Johns,
Seminole, Sumter and Volusia coun-
ties. The smallest of these counties
is Seminole, with 347 square miles,
while the largest is Marion County,
with 1,624 square miles. The entire
area in the Central Florida Region
covers 11,879 square miles, and takes
in some of the finest hunting and
fresh water fishing areas in the State,
including the Ocala National Forest
and the St. Johns River with its
tributaries.
In July of 1956, Levy County
which had been a part of the Central
Florida Region was turned over to
the supervision of the Northeast
Florida Region and in turn St. Johns
County was turned over to the Cen-
tral Florida Region. The officers who
had worked in this area were also
assigned to the regions which took
over the county. This gave the Cen-
tral Florida Region three areas with
three area supervisors.
In addition to this, another area
was created which was called the St.
Johns River Area. This area was
created specifically for the purpose
of controlling all types of illegal fish-
ing on the St. Johns River including
Lake George and Crescent Lake.
One Area Supervisor and five wild-
life officers were assigned to this
crew. These officers were situated
at strategic spots along the River
from a point where the north boun-
dary line of St. Johns County enters
the river to Sanford. All officers
were given the best possible boats
and high speed outboard motors.
While their job was to control all
types of illegal fishing, the main ef-
fort was to be put out to control
or stop "monkey fishing."
At the time of this writing, there


are 28 Wildlife Officers and 3 Area
Supervisors handling law enforce-
ment work in the Region. The rest of
the staff is composed of the regional
manager, information and education
officer, fishery biologist and secre-
tary--radio operator.
Other activities in the region in-
clude the work of game manage-
ment personnel covering the various
game management areas in the ter-
ritory, the Lake Fishery Experiment
Station at Leesburg, the office of the
Supervisor of Youth Conservation
Education in Ocala, the Youth Con-
servation Camp at Lake Eaton in
the Ocala National Forest, the Com-
munications Division at New Smyr-
na Beach, and the Aviation Division
located at the municipal airport in
Ocala.
There are five base radio stations
in the Central Florida Region; lo-
cated in Ocala, Leesburg, San Ma-
teo (Putnam County), Tomoka (Vo-
lusia County) and Magnolia (Osce-
ola County). The first two stations
are operated by Commission person-
nel. The other three stations are
operated by Florida Forest Service
personnel under a cooperative agree-
ment. In addition to this, all officers
and technicians are equipped with
radio mobile units. The St. Johns
River Crew also have radio boxes
and antennas in their boats so that
the radio chassis may be removed
from their cars and put into the
boats in order that they may keep
in touch with each other when work-
ing on the water.
Wherever possible, all officers and
personnel have residence telephones,
creating a minimum of delay in han-
dling emergency matters and admin-
istrative problems.
During the biennium of 1956-58,
Wildlife Officers in the Region trav-
eled only 920,169 miles as compared
with the 1,100,511 miles in the pre-


vious biennium. On the other hand,
they made 1,198 arrests as compared
with 843 during the 1954-56 period.
The officers spent 143,179 hours in
land patrol and 43,492 hours on wa-
ter patrol. In addition to this, they
spent 16,164 hours on miscellaneous
duties.
Advancements are made in the
type of equipment used by officers
as fast as the Commission can afford
to buy the equipment. Ninety-five
percent of the officers have vehicles
not older than 1956 models, 23 of
the 29 officers have boats, motors
and trailers, three other officers have
either a boat or a motor and there
are three airboats belonging to the
Game Commission in constant use in
the Central Florida Region.
Since the St. Johns River Crew
has actively engaged in their opera-
tion of constantly patroling the St.
Johns River, Lake George and other
tributaries, illegal types of fishing
operations in this area have been
effectively controlled. In September
of 1956, an all-out raid was con-
ducted on the "monkey fishermen,"
in that area. Personnel taking part
included Commissioner Don South-
well, six officers, two Federal Wild-
life agents, two aircraft with pilots,
the regional information and educa-
tion officer and one Area Super-
visor. This action resulted in the
arrest of six "fishermen," and the
confiscation of over $4,000 worth of
boats, motors and other equipment.
The defendants in the case all plead
guilty and were fined $100 each. The
defendants' boats, motors, and other
equipment were returned to them
at a later date as the result of a
court action. Since that time, "mon-
key fishing," activities have been
curtailed by about 75%.
During the latter part of 1956 and
early 1957, there was much pressure
put to bear by interested citizens in
Lake and Orange Counties for the
Commission to do some reconstruc-
tion work on Lake Apopka. Lake
Apopka is the third largest lake in
Florida, and because of a prolonged
drought and consequent low water
level, fishing conditions were very
bad, partially due also to a large
surplus of gizzard shad in the lake.
After many conferences, it was de-
cided that a three-year poisoning
program would be put into effect,





























Illegal operation of electrical fishing devices is a con-
tinuing problem in certain areas of Florida.


Regional fisheries technicians do important extension
work and handle fisheries problems in Region.


the cost to be borne equally by the
counties involved, the Game Com-
mission, and the State. On November
4, 1957, the first poisoning program
took place. It was a complete suc-
cess and fishing conditions improved
almost immediately. Currently, plans
are underway to poison it for the
second time in August of 1958, then
a third time in 1959 or 1960.
The ardent hunters in the Central
Florida Region have less than 100
miles to travel to reach any one of
the seven game management areas
in the region. These game manage-
ment areas include over one-half
million acres. The smallest in area
is Holopaw in Osceola County with
23,000 acres while the largest is the
Ocala National Forest with 203,580
acres open to public hunting. The
others are Tomoka (Volusia Coun-

Below are the hunter-success kill
figures for the two hunting seasons
included in the biennium at the Cen-
tral Florida Region Management
Areas:


1956-57 Hunter Success
Tomoka
Farmton
Sumter-Citrus
Richloam
Croom
Holopaw
Ocala
1957-58
Tomoka
Farmton
Sumter-Citrus
Ocala


ty), Farmton (Volusia C
Sumter-Citrus (Sumter and
Counties), Richloam (Sumte
nando and Pasco Counties
Croom (Hernando and Su
Counties). Every species of
game animal, migratory an
migratory game birds and wa
are available to the hunter
region.
Fishery biologists and gam
agement technicians are avail
the public for advice and ass
in the development of better
and fishing areas. The region
ery biologist, based at Leesbi
nually checks hundreds of
lakes and ponds, and often
the information and educati
cers by giving lectures and ta
specialized nature. The fish
ologist's aid to the people of
gion may be in the form o
control, rough fish removal, o0
fish re-stccking where it is
necessary. During the past tw
288 ponds and lakes were
gated and checked for one


Comparison.
41 deer
79 deer
2 deer
20 deer
29 deer
5 deer
598 deer


deer
deer
deer
deer


turkey
turkey
turkey
turkey
turkey
turkey


turkey
turkey
turkey


county ,
Citrus
r, Her-
s) and
mter
native
d non-
terfowl
in this


above-mentioned reasons. Of this
number, 41 ponds were completely
poisoned to eliminate rough fish
populations and later were re-
stocked. Hatchery fish stocked dur-
ing this period amounted to 280,570
bream and 564,246 bass. Total num-
ber of bodies of water stocked was
195.


In addition to his regional work,
e man- the biologist consistently helps the
able to fishery division with larger opera-
sistance tions in other areas of the state
hunting where large numbers of personnel
lal fish- are needed.
Irg, an- The information and education of-
small
m ficer has one of the most versatile
assists
on offi- positions in the region. He is respon-
on off- sible to the Chief of Information and
lks of a
ry bi- Education and to the regional man-
the re- ager. It is his duty to disseminate as
f weed much information as possible to the
people concerning the activities of
rgame- the Game and Fresh Water Fish
Commission. He gives talks and lec-
o years
investi- tures; shows movies and slides to
of the various social, civic and educational
groups. He makes appearances on
television and radio; annually mails
1 bear out thousands of pieces of literature;
prepares press releases on a local
level, and, wherever possible, takes
pictures of any interesting event
which may occur in the region.
It is the hope of the personnel of
2 bear the Central Florida region that they
have been successful in maintaining
their part of the goal of the Game
Commission, which is good conserva-
tion and better hunting and fishing
7 bear throughout the State. *











c7xe


South Florida


Region Reports


D. E. TIMMONS, JR.
Manager


T HE SOUTH FLORIDA Region ex-
tends from the coastal marshes,
hardwood hammocks and blackjack
ridges of the central west coast down
through extensive citrus grove and
lake country and across vast reaches
of pine and palmetto flatwoods to
the cabbage palm hammocks and
cypress strands bordering the glades
on the south. The thirteen counties
in this region are Hernando, Pasco,
Pinellas, Hillsborough, Polk, Mana-
tee, Sarasota, Hardee, DeSoto, High-
lands, Glades, Charlotte, and Lee.
This area of slightly more than
seven million acres comprises one-
fifth of the total area of the state.


There is a wealth of natural re-
sources to be found here-sun, air,
land, water, forests, and wildlife. It
is truly prime habitat for people
and wildlife.
The same phenomenal population
growth that Florida is experiencing
statewide is to be found generally
throughout this region. Large resi-
dential subdivisions are occupying
lands that provided food and cover
for many species of wildlife only a
few short years ago. Large farms,
groves, and pasture lands cover
many thousands of acres which were
only recently the backwoods where
people hunted, fished, camped, and


enjoyed the many splendors of a
Florida outdoors wilderness.
Wildlife and people have become
close neighbors. This is a paramount
wildlife management problem and it
is the basis of a majority of conser-
vation work in the region. The func-
tions of the Commission have been
administered through the regional
office to meet the present day needs
of regulation, enforcement, manage-
ment, education, and research for
the betterment of our wildlife re-
sources.
The complement of Commission
personnel in this region includes the
Regional Manager, Information and
Education Officer, Fisheries Biolo-
gist, Wildlife Officer-Pilot, Radio En-
gineer, Secretary, three Area Super-
visors, twenty-five Wildlife Officers,
eight Game Management personnel,
and two Fish Management person-
nel. Lakeland, the site of the region-
al office, is also headquarters for the
Hyacinth Control Section of the
Fisheries Division.
Law enforcement is a primary
function of the regional office sys-
tem of administration. Enforcement
activities in this region during the
past biennium included 156,3041/2
hours land patrol and 7,2151/4 hours
water patrol. A total of 1,224 arrests
were made, and a total mileage of
1,145,965 miles traveled was report-

Wildlife Officers seize $2,500 worth
of illegal fishing equipment in one
operation near Lake Wales. Ten offi-
cers worked for two weeks on the
case.








ed. Activity reports also showed clu
1,345/4 hours spent in court; 2,553 inc
hours spent in meetings; 1,579 com- Th
plaints investigated; 2,135 hours in pro
equipment maintenance; 1,764 hours ph,
record keeping; and 7,339 hours in tioi
miscellaneous duties, thi
The many and varied activities of sioi
each wildlife officer included in mis- ize
cellaneous duties comprised many ope
hours of work with information, fish a m
management, and game management pul
specialists. Fish restoration, fish pop- wil
ulation sampling and census, game '
census, game habitat improvement, Wa
fair and exhibit construction and op- the
eration, and youth conservation in- maj
struction were included among ma- giol
jor activities in which law enforce- Liv
ment personnel participated. Exten- mal
sive public service work was ren- wei
dered through civil defense coordi- pre
nation work and ground observer deta
corps cooperation. Wildlife officers and
also participated in emergency and our
rescue work connected with several F
drownings and lost person cases. reg
Publicity and public relations pro- gioi
grams were continuously empha- ber
sized during all phases of our oper- bod
ation during this biennium. This rea
work was coordinated by the region- dur
al information and education officer, of
Specific management, enforcement, wer
and research programs were publi- Hat
cized through the use of communica- ling
tion media. Newspapers, magazines, Ha
radio, television, and public speeches L
were used. Instructional and educa- tion
tional talks were made, and films wor
were shown to all age groups. Con- pro,
servation themes used included: in t
"Florida's Wildlife Wealth," "Con- poo
servation and You," "Your Wildlife stu
Heritage," "Wildlife Belongs to for
You" and "Resource, Wealth or The
Waste." fun
The South Florida Council of pro
sportsmens clubs was organized dur- fish
ing the early part of 1958. The num- wer
ber and membership of sportsmens of

RECAPITULATION OF WILDLIFE
1956-57
Miles Traveled 559,992
Arrests Made 551
Hours Land Patrol 77,369
Hours Water Patrol 3,641
Hours in Court 701
Hours in Meetings 1,310
Complaints Investigated 730
Hours Equipment Maintenance 1,090
Hours Miscellaneous Duties 2,868
Hours Office Work 926


bs and similar organizations has
reased rapidly in South Florida.
ese groups have extended their
jects and activities to include all
ises of natural resource conserva-
i work. Commission personnel in
s region representing each divi-
i have worked with these organ-
d groups extensively. This co-
ration has done much to further
mutual understanding between the
)lic and professional interests in
dlife conservation.
'he theme of the Game and Fresh
ter Fish Commission exhibit at
State Fair and the eight other
jor annual fairs held in this re-
n was "Know Florida's Wildlife."
e specimens of Florida game ani-
ls, birds, and fresh-water fish
*e displayed. Personnel were
sent at each exhibit to explain
ails about the species on display,
Relate interesting facts about
wildlife and its conservation.
'ish management projects in the
ion were coordinated by the re-
nal fisheries biologist. The num-
of fish ponds and other managed
.ies of water in this region had
ched a new high of 474 in number
ing this biennium. Though many
the fingerlings used for stocking
*e obtained from the Federal
chery, many of the bass finger-
is were produced at the Winter
ven Hatchery.
.ake and stream surveys, pollu-
studies, and roughfish control
k were other fish management
jects which have been expanded
his region. Several old phosphate
Is offering good comparative
dy characteristics were obtained
fishery experimentation work.
se have contributed greatly in
fishing data for the use of im-
ved chemicals and techniques in
renovation projects. Surveys
.e made on several major bodies
water to determine practical fish

OFFICERS ACTIVITIES
1957-58 Total
585,793 1,145,965
673 1,224
78,9351/2 156,3041/2
3,57'4/4 7,2151/4
6441/4 1,345/4
1,243 2,553
849 1,579
1,045 2,135
4,471 7,339
838 1,764


Regional fisheries technicians are
finding rare South American fish in
Six Mile Creek near Tampa.

restoration practices.
The Public Hunt Areas in this re-
gion continued to increase in popu-
larity. The increase in hunting pres-
sure and kill figures indicate the
hunter value of the Avon Park,
Richloam, Croom and Lee Wildlife
Management Areas. The Cecil Webb
Wildlife Management Area in Char-
lotte County has become widely
known as a top quail hunt area.
A part of this area has been set aside
as a bird dog field trials area. The
Fisheating Creek Wildlife Manage-
ment Area is the most famed area
in south Florida for hunting our
largest game bird, the wild turkey.
Preliminary surveys were made
on other tracts of land suitable for
development as public hunt areas.
This program is very popular with
the average sportsman. Large num-
bers have shown appreciation for
the work the Commission is doing
to not only preserve and restore
harvestable game "populations, but
in addition, provide a suitable place
to hunt.
It is through these practices the
South Florida Region is serving the
outdoor minded public-the ever in-
creasing numbers of Florida's hunt-
ers and fishermen. 0









YOUTH



CONSERVATION



EDUCATION


DENVER STE. CLAIRE
-CHIEF-


Compass reading and orientation work is valuable for
anyone traveling in wilderness areas-How Not to Get
Lost In The Woods.


TWO MOST IMPORTANT assignments
for our society today are the
conservation of our human and nat-
ural resources. It is not only an
assignment; it is a challenge. So
much depends on our youth. So
much more depends upon us to see
that the proper concepts of conser-
vation are presented to them.
Both of these assignments have
been fully considered by the Game
and Fresh Water Fish Commission
in its Youth Conservation Education
program.
The education and information of
Florida's youth in nature, wildlife,
and resources has become a most
integrated and vital part of the Game
Commission's educational policy.
The Youth Education Section has
been charged with disseminating this
information to youth interested in
the outdoors.
The responsibility of developing
a multi-phased Youth Education
Program is assigned to the Chief
of Youth Conservation Education.
This program has a definite pur-
pose and is found incorporated in
the following five-fold concepts:
1. To train our youth toward a
better understanding of con-
servation of our natural re-
sources.
2. To instill in the minds of our
youth a greater appreciation
of the out of doors and to rec-
ognize the great need of pro-
tecting and improving the
State's outdoors areas.


3. To teach them the wise use
and planned maintenance of
our soils and waters.
4. To guide them in the sound
use and intelligent manage-
ment of our fish and wildlife.
5. To help them foster the proper
utilization and systematic per-
petuation of our forests.
Using these five-fold concepts as
the basis for the program, it has
been necessary to employ various
methods to capture and hold the
interest and cooperation of our
youth. To stimulate their thinking
to a better understanding of conser-
vation of our natural resources, the
program has been designed to in-
clude as many challenges as possible.
The four divisions of the program
are: Youth Conservation Clubs,
Youth Conservation Club League,
Youth Conservation Camp, and
State Wide Youth Educational Pro-
gram.
I. THE YOUTH CONSERVA-
TION CLUB PROGRAM, spon-
sored by the Game and Fresh Water
Fish Commission, has developed to
a stage where it now includes 25
organized clubs in the State League.
These clubs are found in some of
the principal cities of the State of
Florida. Other than the 25 affiliated
clubs, there are four known organ-
ized non-affiliated youth conserva-
tion clubs. Whenever a club is or-
ganized, it is not mandatory for the


club to join the League. The club
may remain independent, but is still
guaranteed the many services which
the Commission extends in its educa-
tional program.
The purpose of creating these
clubs is to bring together in a com-
mon bond of interest all young peo-
ple who are interested in fishing,
hunting, conservation, and the out-
doors.
These clubs are organized by the
Florida Game and Fresh Water
Fish Commission. Any interested
adult group can sponsor one of the
clubs. The development of these
clubs in the State has been gradual
and is constantly making progress
each year.
A booklet, "How To Organize a
Youth Conservation Club," has
been prepared by the Information
and Education Division. A second
booklet, "How To Operate A Youth
Conservation Club," has recently
been printed. The third and final
booklet in this series, "The Youth
Conservation League and Camp,"
is in the process of being written.
II. THE YOUTH CONSERVA-
TION CLUB LEAGUE was created
for the purpose of bringing together
the clubs and their members, and
to consolidate their efforts toward
a greater understanding of conser-
vation. Only those youth clubs that
have organized and have a charter
and by-laws are eligible for League
membership.







The clubs that join the League
are required to meet certain stand-
ards; when these standards are met,
they are invited to join and par-
ticipate in all League activities.
Each year, at an annual meeting
held at the home city of the League
president, delegates from the various
affiliated clubs convene for the pur-
pose of electing officers, and for the
purpose of discussing Club and
League business. At the annual
meeting, the Board of Directors,
elected by the delegates, prepares
an agenda for the ensuing year, and
makes recommendations for the an-
nual summer camp.
The Board governs and creates
policies for the League and affili-
ates. For the first time, during the
summer of 1958, the League held its
conference away from camp. The
Seventh Annual Conference was
held at Stuart, Florida. The city
was selected because it was the
home of the outgoing president.
This established the precedent of
having the Annual Conference held
away from the camp.

III. THE YOUTH CONSERVA-
TION CAMP has been established
for the purpose of giving our youth
an opportunity to enjoy the out-
doors, and to learn more about con-
servation. At Camp, they join forces
for a week of combined recreation
and outdoor education. During the
encampment, the youthful conser-
vationists learn new concepts of
conservation. At Camp, they are
given the opportunity to recognize
that conservation of our natural re-
sources means the wise use of these
resources with the greatest good for
the largest number of people for the
longest time. They learn that the


wealth of the Nation depends on its
available resources and upon the
resourcefulness of its people. At
Camp, they are made aware that
conservation applies to all people,
rural and urban, and to be most
effective must be practiced uni-
versally.
Qualifying for target shooting has
been one of the camp's important
activities. The program is approved
by the National Rifle Association.
The older boys shoot .22 calibre
rifles, while the smaller boys use
air rifles.
In 1958 the Hunter Safety Pro-
gram was offered as a supplement to
the Rifle Instruction Activity.
The Youth Conservation Camp is
located in the Ocala National Forest
on Lake Eaton. The Camp covers
an area of 57 acres. In 1955, a mess
hall, which will accommodate 400
young campers, was constructed.
The building also contains the Con-
servation Room. Here are installed
blackboards and exhibits of Wild-
life, Forestry, etc. Educational films
are shown here as well as study
skins of wildlife found in Florida.
Ten concrete-block cabins were
also constructed, to accommodate a
total of 100 campers. Tents are also
available. A power line has been
installed to supply electricity. A
winding road trails from State Road
314 to the center of Camp. The road
was constructed by the State Road
Department in 1954. A sandy beach
has been pumped up.
During the summer of 1957 the
Youth Conservation Camp operated
for 12 weeks. In 1958 it operated for
eight weeks, including one two-
week camping period which was of-
fered on a trial basis. During these
two camping seasons, over 2,000


young campers attended the camp
and participated in the program.
This is over twice the number that
attended during the summers of
1955 and 1956.
The operation of the camp is the
direct responsibility of the Chief
of Youth Conservation Education,
who employs a staff each summer
which consists of a director,
assistant director, nurse, water-
front director, senior counselors (as
needed), junior or cabin counselors
(as needed), chief cook, assistant
cook, and dishwashers (as needed).
A camp custodian resides at the
camp year around. The entire staff
is responsible to the Supervisor.
Plans for future construction call
for an additional 10 dormitory-style
buildings, and a recreation building.
The recreation building will include
a conservation library, sick bay,
administration offices, work shops,
stage, small auditorium, and lecture
rooms. Plans also include additional
docks for boating, fishing and swim-
ming, and a larger beach.
The encampment for 1958 was the
fifth held at Lake Eaton. Two pre-
vious encampments were held in
the southern part of Florida, mak-
ing a total of eight annual encamp-
ments.
Programming for each summer
camp is considered most important
for the young campers. Consider-
able attention is given to outlining
a program which will be interesting.
Through the experiences of past
years, it has been determined that
a program offering the greatest in-
terest is one which includes active
participation. The lectures or talks
have been minimized; and wherever
instruction is given to the young
people, discussion groups are organ-


Nothing is more important than training our Youth
Conservation Club members in safe handling of fire-
arms and hunter safety education.


Wild animals hold your interest-especially when the
lecturer knows what he is talking about, and also
knows how to handle live wild animals safely.










ized. These discussion groups allow
for a greater exchange of ideas and
more participation of individuals.
Definite progress has been made
in the past few years in creating
schedules which are appealing to
both boys and girls. The schedules
include ample opportunity for free
periods in which to do the things
that they enjoy most.
Each encampment is evaluated.
The following year's program is de-
veloped by studying recommenda-
tions for the preceding year. In-
novations are constantly employed
to improve the program. The Di-
rector and counselors are alert to
evaluate any part of the scheduled
program, and to make the necessary
changes which will bring about the
most successful results.
Age groups are now assigned spe-
cific weeks. Ages 8-12 and 13-16
have their separate individual pro-
grams and encampments. This prac-
tice was initiated during the sum-
mer of 1958 and was found most
successful. The counselor-to-camper
relationship was greatly increased.
Counseling is the most important
phase of the summer camping pro-
gram. It is important to have quali-
fied counselors who know how to
work with, and understand, their
young charges. Each encampment
calls for better and more qualified
and enthusiastic counselors. These
men and women must have a sin-
cere interest and desire to help the
youngsters. Prior to opening of
camps, a workshop for training
counselors is held.

IV. THE STATE WIDE YOUTH
EDUCATION PROGRAM includes


DEANE MATHE


a closer working relationship with
schools and other organizations.
These organizations are Boy Scouts,
Girl Scouts, Future Farmers, Fu-
ture Foresters, 4-H Clubs, Junior
Garden Clubs, and others.
The purpose for presenting this
program to these organizations is to
stress special emphasis on the con-
servation of our natural resources.
During the two years covered by
this report, a Scouting for Conser-
vation Program was created by the
Game and Fresh Water Fish Com-
mission in cooperation with the Boy
Scouts of America. After a Boy
Scout has earned required merit
badges and completed the individ-
ual conservation projects as re-
quired by the Scouting for Conser-
vation Program, he may obtain his
awards from the Office of the
Chief of Youth Conservation
Education by completing the neces-
sary application. For the award of
"Ranger" he receives a certificate
signed by the Chairman and Direc-
tor of the Commission in addition to
an identification card and a badge
for his uniform. For the Award
of "Chief Ranger" he receives a
certificate signed by the Chairman
and Director of the Commission in
addition to an identification card
and a cloth badge for his uniform.
For the final award of "Florida
Wildlife Conservationist" he re-
ceives a certificate signed by the
Governor of Florida and the Chair-
man of the Commission. He also re-
ceives, in addition to an identifica-
tion card and a cloth badge for his
uniform, a free trip to the State
Capitol. A gold pin is also given to
the Scout. This program is taking


hold in the State of Florida and, at
this writing, 14 Boy Scouts have at-
tained the rank of "Ranger" in this
Scouting for Conservation Program.
For the past two summers, just
prior to our own camping sessions,
three Girl Scout Councils in Florida
used our Youth Camp and its fa-
cilities to conduct their Camp Wild-
life. This is the first known camp
of this type for Girl Scouts in the
Nation.
During the later part of 1958, a
4-H Conservation Awards program
was initiated in cooperation with
the Game and Fresh Water Fish
Commission. The Game Commis-
sion has created additional awards
for each specific project relative to
conservation. These conservation
subjects offered by the 4-H program
are: Forestry, Wildlife, and Soil and
Water. The certificates are for Pri-
mary, Advanced, and State Levels.
Top award for the state is the Flor-
ida Wildlife Conservation. All nec-
essary conferences have been com-
pleted and the Game and Fresh Wa-
ter Fish Commission's program has
been officially approved by the 4-H
authorities.
A similar program is in the plan-
ning process for the Future Farm-
ers of America. One will also be
created for Girl Scouts.
The Youth Conservation Section
of the Information and Education
Division has broadened its scope to
include all youth agencies. Assist-
ance is given either directly to the
youth organizations, or through the
school system. Plans are also being
made to introduce a program for
the elementary as well as the sec-
ondary schools.



I 5* ,-, m










Preparations are being made to
work in conjunction with the State
Board of Education in the Outdoor
Education Project recommended by
the N.E.A. for school curriculum.
This Outdoor Education Project for
schools is sponsored by the National
Education Association through its
Association of Physical Education,
Health, and Recreation.
Future workshops are to be set
up for teachers as well as laymen.
In many counties, the schools are
recognizing the value of the pro-
gram and are working closer with
resource agencies.
The Information and Education
Division, through its officers, is con-
stantly promoting better relation-
ships with the schools and teachers.
Some officers have been assigned
specific projects to promote and cre-
ate teacher's conservation clinics.
New ideas are constantly consid-
ered for the promotion of any pro-
gram which will interpret proper


conservation concepts. Future plans
call for creation of workshops and
clinics for the non-professional, and
the sportsmen.
Efforts are being exerted to pre-
sent a program to the State Board
of Education for establishing train-
ing periods in conservation for
teachers.
The Youth Education section is
also interested in promoting and
working with conservation commit-
tees of civic and fraternal clubs.
The Chief wrote a total of
24 articles for the Junior Conserva-
tionist Column of Florida Wildlife
Magazine. The Youth Conservation
Education Office at Ocala distrib-
uted approximately 10,000 pieces of
literature to interested persons. In
addition, over 1,000 letters were re-
ceived and over 2,000 letters were
mailed from the Office of the Chief
of Youth Conservation Education.
Special honors were presented to
the Game and Fresh Water Fish


Commission during the 1957 Annual
Meeting of the American Associa-
tion for Conservation in Biloxi,
Mississippi. The Game Commission
received the National Award for
Excellence in Special Conservation
Project, The Youth Conservation
Education Program for 1956.
Also the N a s h Conservation
Awards Program, through the
American Motors Corp. was pre-
sented Denver Ste. Claire as an
award for Exceptional Services to
the Cause of Conservation.
On an overall basis, the Youth
Education Program has made con-
siderable progress during the past
biennium, especially in the consoli-
dation of programs and activities,
formulation of new policies and pro-
cedures, and the creation of new
printed material and a system of
awards.
Detailed reports of all operations
are available to interested persons.
0












The





COMMISSIONERS


Julian R. Alford, Tallahassee, was
appointed April 4, 1958, to serve
on the Game and Fresh Water Fish
Commission, and was subsequently
elected to serve as Commission
Chairman.
A well-known attorney at law,
Mr. Alford has long been an active
worker in church and civic affairs.
He has also been active in Scouting
affairs, and lists hunting, fishing and
athletics as his favorite recreations.
In discussing his acceptance of
his Commission appointment, he
states, "I was motivated by a desire
for public service together with the
hope and anticipation that I could
contribute something to conserva-
tion on a state-wide basis."
As Chairman, Mr. Alford has set
five goals to be achieved by himself,
and the Commission's staff, as fol-
lows:
1. That we attempt to give a dol-
lar's worth of service for every
revenue dollar spent.
2. That we consider our positions
and our offices as ones of public
trust, with each of us at all times
responsible to the people of the
State of Florida.
3. That we make every effort to
develop to the highest possible ex-
tent a fine esprit de corps among all
personnel of the Commission.
4. That we use all property of the
Commission with the utmost care
and provide the best possible main-
tenance in order that we may de-
rive from it the maximum use and
benefit for conservation work.
5. That we, at all times, strive to
determine and to put into practice
the best conservation practices which
will result in larger dividends in
fishing and hunting and other out-
door recreations for all the people
of Florida.


Mr. Alford was born in Tallahas-
see April 22, 1912.
In church affairs, he is a Ruling
Elder in the Faith Presbyterian
Church of Tallahassee, and has also
been a member of various boards
and committees from the General
Assembly down to the local church
level. He is a Past Moderator of the
Synod of Florida.
In Boy Scouting work, Mr. Alford
is a holder of the Silver Beaver
Award. He is a past president, and
presently an executive board mem-
ber of the Suwannee River Area
Council of the Boy Scouts of Ameri-
ca in Florida.
In addition to much local civic
work, Mr. Alford is a member of
the Leon County Forestry Fire Pre-
vention Committee. He also serves
on the Governor's Advisory Com-
mittee on Water Access and Traffic
Safety.
Mr. Alford is wed to the former
Miss Dorothy Price. They have four


Julian R. Alford
Chairman
Third District


children: Dorothy Ann, 18; Julian
R., Jr., 16; Elizabeth Clark, 12; and
Marvin Price, 9.

FIRST DISTRICT
T. Paine Kelly, Jr., of Tampa, was
appointed April 3, 1958, as Game
and Fresh Water Fish Commissioner
from the First Conservation District
of Florida.
As a Commissioner, Mr. Kelly be-
lieves that the single most important
objective of the Commission is to
expand the public hunting grounds
and public fishing facilities through-
out the state. He holds that such
expansion work must be done just
as rapidly as the local conditions
and populations of fish and wildlife
may permit. He feels, however, that
such work must always be per-
formed in accordance with the best
possible conservation practices and
techniques now available.
Long active in civic and business
affairs, Mr. Kelly is a life-time out-
doorsman, and an ardent golfer,
fisherman and hunter.
As a practicing lawyer, Mr. Kelly
is able to contribute much practical
legal knowledge and business expe-
rience to the conduct of the Commis-
sion's affairs.
Born in Tampa August 29, 1912,
Mr. Kelly now serves as president
of the Tampa Chapter of the Ameri-
can National Red Cross.
He also serves as a director of
the Boys' Club of Tampa, and is the
National Associate of Boys' Club of
America for South Florida.


T. Paine Kelly, Jr.
First District











He is a past president of the
Tampa Chamber of Commerce, and
also a past president of the Presi-
dent's Round Table of Tampa and
the Tampa Exchange Club.
He married the former Miss Jean
Baughman. The couple have three
children: Carla Jean, 16; T. Paine,
III, 15; and Peggy Jo, 4.


SECOND DISTRICT

Riley Gordon Granger was born
October 24, 1898, in Loris, Horry
County, South Carolina, son of Ed-
mund Riley and Frances (Wilkins)
Granger. His father was engaged in
the turpentine industry and in farm-
ing operations.
Perhaps Mr. Granger's outstand-
ing achievement has been organiza-
tion of what is now the State Forest
Ranger School of the University of
Florida. It was in January, 1947,
that he assisted in organizing the
Columbia Forestry School at Lake
City. That school was a non-profit
corporation, and Mr. Granger was
made president of the corporation.
So successful was the new school
that those responsible for its exist-
ence and continuance arranged for
its transfer to the University of Flor-
ida as a part of the university system
on July 1, 1949. Since that time it
has operated as the State Forest
Ranger School of the University of
Florida.
Mr. Granger is also president of
Granger Lumber Company, Inc., of
Lake City; president of the G.B.S.


R. Gordon Granger
Second District


Corporation of Lake City, a develop-
ment enterprise; director of the
Southern Pine Association of New
Orleans, Louisiana; director of the
Associated Industries of Florida, and
also a director of the local Chamber
of Commerce of Lake City and Co-
lumbia County. Mr. Granger was
also formerly a director of the Perry
Banking Company of Perry, Flor-
ida, from 1935 to 1940. From 1926 to
1934 he was a member of the Bran-
ford Town Council, and from 1932
to 1935 he was chairman of the
board of trustees of Branford High
School.
He is a member of the American
Legion and the Veterans of Foreign
Wars. He was cited in General
Order No. 64 for "distinguished and
exceptional gallantry in action" at
Somme-Py, France, on October 8,
1918, and was awarded the Silver
Star Medal. He is also entitled to
wear the decorations of the French
fourragere in the colors of the
French Croix de Guerre.
Today Mr. Granger is active in
fraternal circles as a member of the
Free and Accepted Masons. He has
held the different offices of his lodge,
and has been district deputy grand
master under two grand masters of
the Grand Lodge of Florida. He is
a member, too, of the Order of the
Eastern Star, in which he has served
as associate patron and worthy pa-
tron. He is also active in the Ancient
Arabic Order of Nobles of the
Mystic Shrine. In the Benevolent
and Protective Order of Elks he is


J. W. Cosper, Jr.
Fourth District


a leading worker. He belongs to the
Lake City Shrine Club and other
groups, and attends the Methodist
Church, of which most of his family
are members.
Mr. Granger married, August 14,
1922, in Perry, Florida, Merle Van-
sickel, daughter of Harry Ellsworth
and Eva (Passmore) Vansickel. Mr.
and Mrs. Granger are the parents of
five children: Doris Lillian, 33; Dura
Glenn, 32; Marjorie Ann, 27; Patsy
Ruth, 25, and Riley Gordon, Jr., 21.

FOURTH DISTRICT
Dr. James Watson Cosper, Jr.,
who is Commissioner for the Fourth
Conservation District, was born May
17, 1924, in Birmingham, Alabama.
He presently resides in Homestead,
where he practices dentistry.
Dr. Cosper attended the Univer-
sity of Alabama, where he received
the following degrees: Bachelor of
Science and Doctor of Medical Den-
tistry from the School of Dentistry.
He entered the Dental Corps of
the United States Navy in May,
1942, where he saw service in the
South Pacific. He was honorably dis-
charged in May, 1946.
Dr. Cosper is a member of the
Veterans of Foreign Wars, the Lions
and the Junior Chamber of Com-
merce. He serves on the Board of
Directors of the Redland District
Golf and Country Club. He also
has served as Chairman of the Zon-
ing and Planning Board for the City
of Homestead, Florida.
Dr. Cosper is Treasurer of the


F. Don Southwell
Fifth District










Dade County Dental Research Clinic
and is a member of the Board of Di-
rectors, Miami Dental Society, the
Florida Dental Society, the Ameri-
can Dental Society, the American
Society Dentistry for Children, the
International Association of Anes-
thesiologists, and a Diplomat of the
National Board of Dental Ex-
aminers.
Dr. Cosper is especially interested
in fishing, hunting and golfing. Pro-
fessionally, he is interested in Den-
tal Research, especially as related
to restorative dentistry.
Dr. Cosper was appointed as a
member of the Florida Game and
Fresh Water Fish Commission on
March 22, 1956.
Dr. Cosper is married to the
former Miss Evelyn Fay Sullivan.
They have one daughter, Denese
Marie, aged 31/2 years.


FIFTH DISTRICT
F. Don Southwell, Commissioner
for the Fifth Conservation District,
first came to Florida in 1917 from
Michigan. Until 1931 his time was
divided between Texas and Florida;
building telephone lines and survey-
ing Florida swamps and building
houses in Texas.
In 1939, he left the building busi-
ness and returned to Florida. He
made one trip to California in 1940,
to make sure that Florida was the
place, and in 1941, settled perma-
nently in Ormond Beach.
Hunting, fishing and conservation
have always been Mr. Southwell's
hobbies. A life-long interest in per-
petuation of natural resources and
wildlife, along with a firm convic-
tion that Florida should be main-
tained as a "Sportsman's Paradise,"
resulted in the years of his active
work in conservation in Florida.
Mr. Southwell accomplished much
conservation work while serving the
Florida Wildlife Federation as Di-
rector for many years. At times, he
also served as the Federation's
Treasurer, Executive Secretary, and
Recording Secretary.
He is an active member of the
Florida Outdoor Writers Association,
and served as president of the Fifth
District Sportsmen's Association in
1954, and as president of Halifax


Hunting and Fishing Club for sev-
eral years.
He feels that his interest and
knowledge of the needs of Florida's
sportsmen, and the state as a whole,
led to his appointment to the Game
and Fresh Water Fish Commission
on June 8, 1955.
Mr. Southwell is especially inter-
ested in every phase of the Commis-


sion's work, with particular empha-
sis on the Youth Conservation Camp
at Lake Eaton, as well as acquisition
of additional managed public hunt-
ing areas, extended hyacinth control
operations, and the expansion of the
law enforcement and education di-
visions of the Commission.
Mr. Southwell married the former
Miss Doris Smith in 1934.


The


Administrators


A. D. "Bob" Aldrich began his
duties as Director of the Florida
Game and Fresh Water Fish Com-
mission on April 11, 1955. Mr. Al-
drich has an impressive record of
conservation experience dating from
1921.
Mr. Aldrich has long been active
in the various fields of wildlife con-
servation through such national
agencies as the American Fisheries
Society, the International Associa-
tion of Game, Fish and Conser-
vation Commissioners, the Wildlife
Society, the National Waterfowl
Council, the Izaak Walton League
of America, the Boy Scouts of Amer-
ica, and other professional organiza-
tions.
Mr. Aldrich is now serving as
President of the International Asso-
ciation of Game, Fish and Conserva-
tion Commissioners.


A. D. ALDRICH
Director


O. Earle Frye has served as As-
sistant Director of the Florida Game
and Fresh Water Fish Commission
since 1951. He first joined the Com-
mission as a bobwhite quail research
technician on January 14, 1946, and
has since rendered service in many
capacities and positions.
Mr. Frye is especially noted for
organizing and putting into effect
a progressive game management
program for the Commission, with
a subsequent improvement in hunt-
ing success for the Florida hunter.
He has written numerous technical
and non-technical articles about
wildlife and game management pro-
grams for many different publica-
tions.
He was awarded his Doctor of
Philosophy by the University of
Florida June 7, 1954.


O. EARLE FRYE
Asst. Director















This Report Prepared By
THE ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF

ADMINISTRATORS
DIRECTOR ...................... .................. ....... A. D. ALDRICH
ASSISTANT DIRECTOR ...................................... 0. EARLE FRYE

DIVISION CHIEFS
FISCAL ............................... .. ............... JOEL M cKINNON
GAME MANAGEMENT .............................. E. B. CHAMBERLAIN, JR
FISHERIES ................................ ..... ............... E. T. H EINEN
INFORMATION AND EDUCATION ............................ ROBERT A. DAHNE

SECTION CHIEFS
"FLORIDA WILDLIFE" MAGAZINE ...................... WILLIAM F. HANSEN
COMMUNICATIONS .................................... RHETT MCMILLIAN
AVIATION .... .......... ............................ W ILLIAM S. DURKEE

REGIONAL MANAGERS
NORTHWEST ..................................... JAMES W. BICKERSTAFF
NORTHEAST ................. .............. .......... CHARLES CLYMORE
CENTRAL ............... .................................... D. C. LAND
SOUTH ............. ...... ................. .......... D. E. TIMMONS, JR.
EVERGLADES ................ .............................. LOUIS F. GAINEY

THE REGIONAL OFFICES

NORTHWEST REGION .................... ........... Panama City
207 West 15th Street, SUnset 5-5352
NORTHEAST REGION ...................................... Lake City
301 North Marion, P. O. Box 908, Phone 1725
CENTRAL REGION ............................... ........ Ocala
205 West Adams Street, MArion 9-2802
SOUTH REGION ........................................... Lakeland
Lodwick Airport, P. O. Box 1392, MUtual 9-0911 or 9-0921
EVERGLADES REGION .................................. Okeechobee
County Courthouse, P. O. Box 877, ROdeo 2-2851















ABOUT THE BIENNIAL REPORT


The Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission
submits, each two years, a full report covering all
operations of the biennial period immediately past.
This Biennial Report is submitted to the Governor
and each member of the State Legislature of Florida.
The Report is, in effect, a legal statement to all of
the people of Florida as to the administration of
their conservation monies and affairs.
Copies of the Report are also permanently filed
in the State Archives of Florida, to eventually
become a part of the historical record of our state.
Additional copies are requested by school and
public libraries throughout the state for placement
in research files used by students and other in-
terested persons.
Additional copies are forwarded by mutual
exchange agreement to other conservation agen-
cies, mainly throughout North America, but also in
some foreign countries. This allows all conservation
agencies to keep a current-information file on the
status, progress and new developments of wildlife
conservation work in all parts of the nation, as well
as in many parts of the world.
A number of university students, in Florida and
other states, request copies of the Report for use as
research material in compilation of required theses.
In addition, certain chapters of the Report are
later reprinted, in leaflet form to answer specific
requests from interested Florida citizens, especially
those who are prospective employee applicants.
The Commission's Biennial Report is custom-
arily produced in "magazine-size," to allow better
presentation and reproduction of the material, and
also to reduce production costs. Many of the photo-
graphic engravings appearing in this Report are
engravings previously used in the Commission-
published Florida Wildlife magazine during the two-
year period covered by the Report. On occasion,
sections of the Biennial Report are later reprinted
in Florida Wildlife magazine.


ROBERT A. DAHNE,
Chief,
Information and Education Division.


r7 1)')