LJ ULY 1, 1942-JUNE 30,1944
q"loida 4aeud and Pa4h Seanice
JULY 1, 1942-JUNE 30, 1944
A state organization directed by the
Florida Board of Forestry and Parks, co-
operating with the Federal Government in
rendering assistance to the landowners and
forest industries in applied forestry and
forest protection, and in the preservation
and use of Florida's outstanding scenic,
historic and recreational areas.
-- *." *V^B*
FRONTISPIECE-Florida Caverns State Park
Board of Forestry and Parks
Florida Forest & Park Service
War-time Forest Fire Control
The Fire Record
Fire Law Enforcement
Fire Fighting Equipment
Fire Control Improvements
Central Repair Shop
APPLIED FORESTRY 15
Farm Forestry 15
Naval Stores Cooperation 17
Pulpwood Cooperation 17
Controlled Burning 17
State Forests 18
STATE PARKS 19
In General 19
Park Use 19
Park Earnings 20
Status of Park System 20
PUBLIC RELATIONS 20
Boy Scout Forestry 21
Vocational Agricultural Forestry 21
Forestry Training Camp 22
County-Wide Educational Campaigns 22
Visual Education 22
Literature Distribution 23
Signs and Posters 24
Special Projects 24
I. Financial Report, July 1, 1942-June 30, 1943 26
II. Financial Report, July 1, 1943-June 30, 1944 27
III.' Recapitulation of Cash Receipts 28
IV. Fire Control Report 29
V. Fire Analysis 29
18 0 495
The law requires that the Florida Board of
Forestry and Parks report biennially on the
operation and activities of the Florida Forest
and Park Service. This, the Eighth Biennial
Report, covers two years of a world at war. Be-
tween the attack on Pearl Harbor and the open-
ing of this biennium, 29 members of the Service
personnel had joined the country's armed forces;
during this biennium the number increased to
79. Concurrent with the manpower shortage has
been a lack of new and replacement materials
and supplies necessary to ordinary operation.
All these factors have tended to hinder the nor-
mal expansion of the Service's activities. In
spite of them, the educational and the applied
forestry activities of the department have been
intensified. In fire control, efforts have been
directed toward maintaining all going projects,
activities, and such increase in fire control list-
ings as conditions would permit. Due to travel
restrictions and the reduction of attendance, it
has been necessary to suspend some State Park
services and activities.
President, Florida Board of Forestry and Parks
q&lo4id 4o9eIt aid Pckih Se-wice
At the time of the opening of this biennium, July 1, 1942, the
United States had experienced seven months of active participation
in World War II. By the end of the biennium, a total of 79 members
of the Service personnel had left for the armed forces and more
had left for defense industries and construction work.
Board of During the biennium, there was only one change in
Forestry the membership of the Board of Forestry and Parks.
and Parks A. G. McArthur, of Fernandina, was elected to the
State Senate and resigned from the Board in March,
1943. His successor had not been appointed at the close of the bien-
nium. In the meantime, Basil E. Kenney, of Port St. Joe, had been
elected president of the Board which, on June 30, 1944, was com-
President: Basil E. Kenney, Port St. Joe.
Vice President: Alex M. Collins, Ocala
Secretary: Mrs. Linwood Jeffreys, Jacksonville
Member: A. B. Edwards, Sarasota
Florida Due to conditions already indicated, there were nu-
Forest and merous changes in the ranks of the Service personnel.
Park However, the roster of branch chiefs remained in-
tact. District Forester E. L. Molpus enlisted in the
Service Navy on February 19, 1943, and was succeeded by
Extension Forester R. E. Parnelle. On September 2, 1943, Dis-
trict Forester B. C. Leynes entered the Seabees. District Forester
R. E. Parnelle was transferred from the Ocala to the Tallahassee
district office. W. M. Whitman, Volusia County Forester, was des-
ignated;to fill the district forester vacancy at the Ocala office. On
October. 9, 1943, Pruitt H. Wilson, Administrative Assistant in the
Fire Control Branch, resigned to go into private employment and
was succeeded by District Forester Parnelle. Project Forester
R. U. Titus was selected to fill the resulting district vacancy. District
Forester James N. Wilson resigned on May 1, 1944, to go into private
employment. He was succeeded by Project Forester R. E. Bonnig-
At the end of the biennium, June 30, 1944, the administrative
personnel consisted of the following:
FLORIDA FOREST AND PARK SERVICE
Main Office, Tallahassee
State Forester and Park Executive H. J. Malsberger
Branch of Fire Control -..- -- Joe R. Gramling, Asst. State Forester
Branch of Applied Forestry ---.--- C. H. Coulter, Asst. State Forester
Branch of Public Relations _William F. Jacobs, Asst. State Forester
Branch of State Parks L G. Scoggin, Park Director
Fiscal Branch H. D'Anna, Fiscal Agent
District 1, comprised of: Escambia, Santa Rosa, Okaloosa, Walton,
Holmes, Washington, Jackson, Calhoun, Bay, and Gulf; head-
quarters, Panama City;
R. A. Bonninghausen, District Forester.
District 2, comprised of: Franklin, Liberty, Gadsden, Leon, Wa-
kulla, Jefferson, Madison, Taylor, Lafayette and Dixie; head-
R. U. Titus, District Forester.
District 3, comprised of: Hamilton, Suwannee, Columbia, Baker,
Nassau, Duval, St. Johns, Clay, Bradford, Union, Gilchrist,
Alachua and Putnam; headquarters, Lake City;
B. F. Harris, District Forester.
District 4, comprised of: Flagler, Marion, Citrus, Hernando, Sum-
ter, Lake, Orange, Seminole, Volusia and the northern portion
of Brevard; headquarters, Ocala;
W. M. Whitman, District Forester.
District 5, comprised of: southern portion of Brevard, all of Ose-
ola, Polk, Pasco, Pinellas, Hillsborough, Manatee, Hardee, High-
lands, Okeechobee, Indian River, St. Lucie, Martin, Glades,
DeSoto, Sarasota, Charlotte, Lee, Collier, Hendry, Palm Beach,
Broward, Dade and Monroe; headquarters, Lakeland;
Claude L. DeVane, District Forester.
In addition to the manpower problem, there was in-
Activity creasing difficulty in securing the equipment and sup-
Trends plies necessary to the normal operation of the Service.
Because of these conditions, it was not possible to increase fire con-
trol listings or activities to the full extent of requests received.
Park development was likewise comparatively dormant. However,
considerable impetus was given to applied forestry activities in an
effort to stimulate the flow of forest products for war purposes. An
expansion of Public Relations personnel and its educational pro-
gram was attempted also.
The 1943 Legislature enacted four laws of interest
Legislation to the Service. House Bill No. 681 amended the
county fire control enabling act to provide that a county's share of
the annual fire control budget should be 3c per acre provided that
a special tax of no more than 2 mills would be necessary to raise
that amount. It also made provision for a petition listing the sig-
EIGHTH BIENNIAL REPORT
natures of enough landowners to represent more than 50 per cent
of the county's acreage as necessary to the authorization of a ref-
erendum vote on the question of fire control.
House Bill No. 684 authorizes the transfer of tax delinquent
lands from one branch of the State government to another for for-
ests, parks and other public purposes.
Senate Bill No. 567 corrected an error made in the Florida Re-
vised Statutes, 1941, with respect to the salary of the State Forester
and Park Executive.
House Bill No. 311 authorized the voluntary dedication or deed-
ing to the State of seed trees on forest lands. Under the law, these
trees cannot be cut, regardless of landowners' wishes or changes
in land ownership, until such time as their advanced age warrants.
The Commissioner of Agriculture is designated as custodian for
the State of these seed trees and the Florida Forest and Park Serv-
ice as the agency to select the trees and to determine when they
can be cut.
One Federal enactment during the biennium is of special impor-
tance. This is an amendment to Section 2 of the Clarke-McNary
Act whereby the authorization for cooperation with the States in
fire control is increased to $9,000,000. The law makes immediately
available an increase from $4,000,000 to $6,300,000.
Fire control activities are undertaken on a cooperative basis with
individuals, companies and counties. For each fire control project,
a budget is drawn up annually to which both the cooperator and
the State contribute. State contributions include Federal funds
made available under the Clarke-McNary Act. The budget provides
for the plowing of fire lines, the purchase of fire fighting tools
and equipment, for ranger supervision, and for lookout tower, tele-
phone and radio service where they are available.
If the cooperator is an individual who lives on his land or has
a resident manager and will assume the responsibility for fire fight-
ing, he contributes 3c per acre per year which is matched by the
State with State and Federal money to produce a fund to defray the
cost of the equipment and services just mentioned. This is called
the individual agreement type of protection. If the cooperator
is a corporation, an absentee owner or a group of owners whose
holdings total 30,000 acres or more, the lands may be listed under
the group unit arrangement whereby the State assumes the respon-
sibility for fire fighting. In this case, the State's contribution is
again 3c an acre per year and the landowners' more than 3c per
acre to defray the cost of fire fighting personnel and equipment.
In county units, a petition signed by landowners sufficient to
represent more than half of the acreage in the county, authorizes
the Boaid of County Commissioners to hold a public referendum
on the question of county fire control. If a majority of the voters
approve, the County Board contracts with the Florida Board of
8 FLORIDA FOREST AND PARK SERVICE
I~N TO WIN!: .
Altvater, A. C., Superintendent, Highlands Hammock, SP.
Baker, James D., Assistant Ranger, D-3
Bethea, John M., Extension Forester, D-1
Blocker, Nelson B., District Forester, D-5
Blount, James A., Assistant Ranger, D-4
Boswell, Dick, Ranger, D-1
Bradley, Clarence, Ranger, D-1
Bradley, R. F., Ranger, Emergency FC
Brown, Travis, Assistant Ranger, D-5
Bryant, James W., Ranger, D-3
Byram, George, Assistant Park Ranger, Myakka SP
Carreker, W. P., Jr., Ranger, D-4
Cason, Allen, Helper, Nursery
Chase, Raymond S., Dispatcher, D-5
Conner, Arthur C., Extension Forester, D-3
Cushing, Marvin, Dispatcher, D-1
Cyzycki, T. T., County Forester, D-3 ..---- ------ .. -- -.-.-
Davidson, Jack W., Assistant Ranger, Emergency FC ---
Davis, I. D., Assistant Ranger, Emergency FC
Denison, Arthur, Assistant Ranger, D-5
Dennard, Kermit A., Mechanic, Garage
Douglas, 0. R., Asssistant State Forester, FC
Dunaway, S. R., Assistant Ranger, Emergency FC
Edenfield, Roy L., Assistant Ranger, Emergency FC
Farmer, Willie, Towerman, D-5
Foster, Floyd, Towerman, D-5
Frier, J. P., Assistant Ranger, D-5
Frier, Woodrow, Truck Helper, D-5- ------__-
Gilliam, A. D., Ranger, D-4
Govreau, C. J., Mechanic, Garage
Green, M. B., Superintendent, Ft. Clinch SP
Griffin, Jack R., Extension Forester, D-4
EIGHTH BIENNIAL REPORT
Haddon, Edwin L., Assistant Ranger, D-3 Navy
Hardcastle, John, Ranger, PR Branch Army
Henderson, Charles D., Dispatcher, D-1 Army
Howell, Wilbur K., Assistant Ranger, D-3 Navy
Jackson, Ben, Towerman, D-2 Navy
Johnson, Johnnie, Helper, Blackwater SF Army
Jones, A. J., Ranger, D-3 Army
Jones, Foyster, Assistant Ranger, Emergency FC Army
Kent, Sherman, Assistant Ranger, Blackwater SF Army
Kirkland, James, Assistant Ranger, Emergency FC Navy
Lee, J. Frank, Extension Forester, D-4 Army
Lewis, Tom, Assistant Park Ranger, Hillsborough SP .--------- Army
Leynes, B. C., District Forester, D-2 Seabees
Mathewson, Clarke, Project Forester, AF Branch Navy
McCain, Clarence, Jr., Assistant Ranger, D-5 Army
McClellan, Artice, Ranger, D-1 Coast Guard
McDaniels, F. D., Assistant Ranger, D-4 Army
McIntosh, Frank, Towerman, D-3 Army
Melzer, Henry E., County Forester, D-1 Navy
Molpus, E. L., District Forester, D-4 Navy
Moody, A. B., Mechanic, Garage Navy
O'Neal, J. D., Jr., Dispatcher, D-2 Navy
Perreault, Clayton L., Park Naturalist, Goldhead SP Navy
Pitts, Edward C., Towerman, D-1 Army
Ray, Leonard L., Assistant Ranger, D-5 Army
Refour, Amos, Assistant Ranger, D-1 Navy
Register, Bryon, Ranger, D-3 Army
Rhodes, Hugh E., Extension Forester, D-1 Army
Rich, Arthur A., Jr., Extension Forester, D-2 ----- Army
Sanders, W. I., Towerman, D-5 Coast Guard
Selph, Elco, Towerman, D-5 Army
Shurtleff, Ted, Assistant Ranger, D-5 Navy
Singletary, W. A., Assistant Ranger, D-5 Navy
Smith, Harvey Lee, Assistant Ranger, D-4 Army
Sorensen, John, Assistant Ranger, D-1 ..____--- Navy
Stewart, Alban, Assistant District Forester, Blackwater SF--.- Army
Struthers, Orville W., Extension Forester, D-1 Navy
Swinford, Kenneth B., Extension Forester, D-3 Army
Taylor, Russell, Park Guard, Ft. Clinch SP Army
Thomas, Bruce C., Assistant District Forester, D-1 Army
Thomas, Ralph E., Extension Forester, PR Branch* Army
Trombly, Russell H., Assistant Ranger, D-5 Army
Walker, Harry C., Clerk, Fiscal Branch Seabees
Wilder, C. J., Assistant Ranger, D-5 Army
Whitehead, Le Roy, Tractor Driver, Emergency FC Army
Williams, Charles B., Ranger, D-3 Army
Williams, George B., Naval Stores, AF Branch Army
FLORIDA FOREST AND PARK SERVICE
Forestry and Parks accordingly. The budget is made up of 3c per
acre State and 3c per acre county, with a 2-mill tax limitation, and
the Forest Service administers the funds and does the fire fighting.
Seldom is an entire county covered by a county agreement. State
law reserves to any landowner the right to burn his own property.
In the case of such properties, fire control is not wanted; time and
money spent on such lands are wasted. Accordingly, the areas to
be protected within a county unit are determined in advance and
agreed upon by the County Board and the Board of Forestry and
Parks. County fire control renders like service to the owners of
large or small tracts and to resident and non-resident taxpayers.
Fire On June 30, 1942, the closing date of the preceding
Prot n biennium, there were 4,950,091 acres of land listed
protection with the Service for cooperative fire control. During
the first year of this biennium, the acreage increased to 5,038,873
and during the second year, to 5,305,261.
County fire control units were operative throughout the period
in Bay, Duval, Volusia, Orange, Hillsborough, Pinellas and Dade
Counties. While there was no change in the number of these units,
adjustments in the boundaries of the protection areas resulted in
a net increase of 86,559 acres, bringing the total under this type
of protection to 2,095,908 acres.
There was a definite trend toward group unit protection. At the
close of the preceding biennium, there were 110 landowners par-
ticipating in 8 group units totaling 721,819 acres. On June 30, 1944,
af01c of more f/ten o hiin-
a t.. I,'.,.
MoI de rn fire fighting
ecnipm.ent has been de-
.migned for forestry use
Modern fircbreak plo Iw. Ji
leave a cleared line 8
feet wide at one trip
the number of group units
had increased to 11, repre-
senting 116 landowners and
a total acreage of 1,140,986.
This was an increase in group
unit acreage of 58 per cent.
This increase in group unit
acreage was largely the result
of the consolidation of lands
previously under individual
agreements. Due to the fact
that wartime limitations per-
mitted little extension of co-
operation to new landowners,
this shift to group units re-
duced the number of indi-
vidual agreements from 461 to 352 and the acreage under such pro-
tection from 2,218,923 to 1,886,465, a decrease of 15 per cent in
acreage and 23.6 per cent in the number of cooperators.
Summarizing, (1) while the number of county units remained
static, there was a slight increase in the acreage involved; (2) there
was a substantial increase in group unit protection; (3) resulting
in a decrease in demonstration protection; and (4) for all types of
protection, an increase of 7.8 per cent in the acreage of lands listed
for fire control.
12 FLORIDA FOREST AND PARK SERVICE
WFFC In addition to the normal types of fire control, Federal
funds were made available, over and above the regular
Clarke-McNary Act allocations, for Wartime Forest Fire Control
in critical areas adjacent to military establishments, war plants
and coastline blackout areas. During the first year of the bien-
nium, these added Federal funds were matched by the State on a
50-50 basis. Eight crews were employed and, due to shifts in their
location during the year, rendered services in the vicinity of 12
communities, namely: Panama City, Shamrock, Macclenny, Dins-
more, Fort Myers, Titusville, Wauchula, Plant City, Otter Creek,
Port Orange, Hilliard, and Tarpon Springs.
During the second year, no matching of State funds was required.
The number of crews was increased to 14. Reassignment of crews
eliminated activity in the vicinity of Wauchula, Plant City, Otter
Creek and Hilliard but added to the list Pine Barren, Munson, Point
Washington, Fort Pierce, Melbourne and Ruskin.
During the first year, these emergency crews fought a total of
779 fires, 436 on lands listed for protection and 343 on lands out-
side of normally protected areas. During the second year, they
fought a total of 1,188 fires, 708 on listed and 480 on lands not
listed for cooperative protection. When not suppressing fires, these
crews were employed in maintaining roads, telephone lines, fire-
breaks and tower sites. They dismantled and moved two towers
to new locations.
During the first year of the biennium, the loss due to
The Fire fire on protected lands was the most severe since 1934.
Record While a constant turnover of manpower in field crews
and the difficulty of obtaining tools and materials were factors,
the greatest cause was an especially long and dry fire season. In
the second year of the biennium, this drought condition did not
exist and a much better record was obtained. During the 1942-43
fiscal year, 5,621 fires burned 282,994 acres and did $480,949 esti-
mated damage on the 5,037,766 acres listed for protection. The area
burned amounted to 5.61 per cent of the acreage under control. For
comparative purposes, the previous year's record was 2.36 per cent
burned. In the second year of the biennium, 3,438 fires burned
176,049 acres and did $204,318 estimated damage on 5,305,103 acres
protected. This represented 3.31 per cent of the acreage under
S Incendiary, or set fires, continued to be the major prob-
Fire lem. Roughly, 75 per cent of all fires that occur are de-
Causes liberately set. Most of the remainder are the result of
human carelessness. Lightning, the only natural cause of fire, is
normally responsible for less than 1 per cent on protected areas.
However, it accounted for 3.58 per cent, an unusually high figure,
in the second year of the biennium. A complete analysis of fire
causes will be found in Tables IV and V of the Appendix.
EIGHTH BIENNIAL REPORT
Fire Law Results of fire law enforcement have never been
Enforcement satisfactory. It is always difficult to secure direct
evidence in any case and, where actual witnesses
to the setting of a fire are to be had, enforcement is all too fre-
quently impeded by public and law enforcement officers who are
reluctant to do their duty. This is not necessarily an indictment
of such officials. They are intelligent men and leaders in their
community. They are elected and most of them want to continue
in office. So long as the general public shows little or no concern
in regard to the fire situation, they are not going to create ill will
for themselves among those who are responsible for the burning
by enforcing fire laws. When the public becomes sufficiently con-
cerned about the practice of woods burning that an elected official
stands to lose more prestige and votes by not enforcing the law than
he does by enforcing it, he will act.
An effort to overcome this situation was made at the beginning
of the biennium by employing a lawyer in each district to assist
in enforcement matters. The results were not at all satisfactory.
Fifty-seven fires were investigated and 15 cases filed during the
first year of the biennium. iThere were 11 acquittals, 1 plea of
guilty settled out of court, and 4 cases left pending at the end of
the year. During the second year, 54 investigations were made, 2
new cases developed, and only 1 was disposed of during the entire
year, this being a conviction carrying a $500 fine.
This biennium marks the first time that Federal law and the
FBI have figured prominently in fire law enforcement on private
lands. Under wartime blackout and sabotage laws, the FBI in-
vestigated cases in Districts 1, 2 and 4. Only in District 2 was a
charge of sabotage used. The U. S. Commissioner did not find suf-
ficient evidence to support such a charge at the preliminary hear-
ing and his position was sustained by the Federal Grand Jury in
court. While Federal law proved no more effective in securing
convictions than has the State, the psychological effect of FBI in-
vestigations and Federal Court jurisdiction was evident.
Fire Fighting During the biennium, we were repeatedly refused
Equipment equipment for replacements by the War Produc-
tion Board. This was true of both tractors and
trucks. Some truck replacements were secured through the efforts
of one of our cooperators but no new tractors were purchased dur-
ing the biennium. Thanks to a policy initiated within the past few
years whereby the owners of larger protected areas are encouraged
to secure their own equipment, the State-owned equipment avail-
able for fire fighting was considerably augmented by privately-
owned and, on June 30, 1944, was as follows:
FLORIDA FOREST AND PARK SERVICE
Owned Owned Total
/2-ton fire trucks 45 57 102
1-ton fire trucks 18 12 30
11/2-ton fire trucks 35 37 72
11/-ton transport trucks 18 8 26
Tractors 24 27 51
Plows 18 12 30
Harrows 16 24 30
Panama pumps 106 72 178
Other types of power pumps.. --____.-_.__ 10 22 32
Water tanks 82 59 141
Fire Control Materials and labor shortages held improvements
construction to a minimum throughout the en-
Improvements tire two-year period. Such work as was done
consisted of the erection of outbuildings, the digging of wells, and
the construction of fencing on tower or headquarters sites which
were lacking in these items. At the end of the biennium, there
were 94 towersites, 76 of which had dwellings and other improve-
ments and 6 headquarters sites in various stages of development.
During the first year of the biennium, there was plowed or main-
tained 21,561 miles of firebreak and during the second year 24,292
miles. In addition, fire lines burned amounted to 326 miles in the
first year and 491 in the second. The construction or maintenance
of truck trails on fire control areas amounted to 382 miles during
the first year and 389 during the second year. This road work in-
cluded both bridge and culvert construction and maintenance.
Central Due to the loss to the armed forces of the entire
Repair Shop Central Repair Shop personnel, an attempt was made
repair Shop early in the biennium to handle the Shop activities
by remote control from the Tallahassee office. This proved unsat-
isfactory and it was necessary to employ an administrative assist-
ant in the Fire Control Branch to supervise routing of plowing
equipment and its prompt maintenance. The Central Repair Shop
is supposed to operate out of receipts derived from fire line plow-
ing but in neither year was it able to operate within these receipts.
This was due to the turnover in tractor driver personnel, inability
to secure competent mechanics, difficulties in securing repair parts,
and weather conditions unfavorable for plowing operations. Be-
cause of these circumstances, it was impossible in either year to
complete the plowing budget.
Communica- The value of the communications system, particu-
larly our radio installations, was well demonstrated
tions during the prolonged drought period that occurred
during the first year of the biennium. With the excessive number
of fires and the shortage of manpower, the fire record would have
been very much worse except for prompt reporting and radio con-
trol of the fire trucks. At the end of the biennium, the Service
EIGHTH BIENNIAL REPORT
had in operation 2,200 miles of telephone line, 435 telephones, 174
radio receiver sets, 39 mobile radio stations, and 7 base stations.
During the period, also, the administrative assistant in charge of
communications conducted training schools in both radio and tele-
phone maintenance for all members of the field crews and prepared
a manual for telephone line maintenance. This has very definitely
increased the efficiency of the personnel throughout the State in
Miscellane- There were several miscellaneous projects of im-
portance carried on during the biennium that have
ous not been mentioned. In addition to the WFFC, in-
tensive air warning service, particularly in west Florida, was car-
ried on during the early part of the biennium with the armed forces.
This involved longer hours of lookout service on a great many of
the towers. The additional service was financed by Federal funds
but cleared through the Tallahassee office of the Service. This
air warning service was discontinued early in the second year of
An attempt was made, in cooperation with the State Defense
Council, to organize and train local volunteer fire crews under the
Forest Fire Fighters Service. Only 4 such crews were organized,
2 in Volusia County and 2 in Manatee County, but there is no record
of their effectiveness. However, as a result of this joint under-
taking, we do have the "Florida Forest Fire Fighters Manual" which
has been of great value in training our own crews.
In order to offset the loss of experienced men from the organiza-
tion and maintain the quality of our Service with new or less ex-
perienced men, training schools were held each year and every man
in the field organization provided annually approximately 100 hours
of instruction in forestry generally. Special schools were held for
picked individuals in connection with truck and tractor maintenance
and fire fighting techniques.
Farm The biennium saw a marked increase in direct assist-
Sance and advice to landowners in the management,
Forestry marking, utilization, and the sale of timber crops, and
of measures to assure continuous profitable crops. This had its
beginning with the employment of a qualified man for such work
on June 1, 1938. In April of 1940, an additional step was taken in
cooperation with Federal agencies under the so-called Norris-Doxey
law enacted by Congress in 1939. By an arrangement with the U. S.
Forest Service and the Florida Agricultural Extension Service, a
forest farming project was initiated in Columbia County with a
technical forester assigned full time to assist those landowners
whose major income was or could be obtained from their woodlands.
A month later, a similar undertaking, in cooperation with the Fed-
eral Soil Conservation Service and the State Extension Service, was
16 FLORIDA FOREST AND PARK SERVICE
established in west Florida with Chipley as the headquarters for
the technical forester assigned to the project. By the opening of
the eighth biennium, the projects at Lake City and Chipley were
well established and a farm extension forester operating out of the
main office in Tallahassee.
The value of this service to timber owners was sufficiently es-
tablished that an expansion of such cooperation was approved dur-
ing the first year of the biennium and one additional project area
designated. However, the availability of men qualified for the
work delayed actual initiation of the new project until the opening of
Cross-tie sale followed by a pulpwood operation on the Lake City
Forest Farming Project.
the second year. By the end of the biennium, 4 new projects were in
existence, bringing the total to 6. The new project foresters were
stationed at Live Oak, Jacksonville, Ocala and Tallahassee. Five
of the six operate in cooperation with the U. S. Forest Service and
one, at Chipley, in connection with the Soil Conservation Service.
In every case, the Florida Agricultural Extension Service is also
a cooperating agency.
The pioneer project at Lake City, during the first year of the
period covered by this report, increased the number of farmer
cooperators from 40 to 67 and figured in the sale of forest products
grossing $53,000. One of its outstanding contributions to that sec-
tion of the State was the establishment of a gum market which has
become a permanent enterprise. Some idea of its value to this
market is indicated by the fact that during June of 1943 over 1,000
EIGHTH BIENNIAL REPORT
barrels were sold; representing a total income to the farmer-pro-
ducers of more than $18,000. During the second year of the bien-
nium, approximately 9,000 barrels of gum were sold at the market
The west Florida project was providing similar services to an
increasing number of west Florida farmers. One of the outstand-
ing developments in that section was the establishment of a coopera-
tive fire control unit in which 39 farmers formed a mutual organiza-
tion for the protection of 4,137 acres. By the end of the biennium,
the 6 men assigned to farm forestry work had rendered assistance
on 336 occasions and had participated in the sale of forest products
in the amount of $92,500, over and above the sales of the Lake City
Naval Stores Cooperative work in naval stores, carried on jointly
S with the Bureau of Agricultural and Industrial
Cooperation Chemistry, has continued. During the first year,
one third of the farm extension forester's time was devoted to such
work. During the second year, this was increased to a half. Major
accomplishments during the biennium were the construction of one
new still, the resetting of 11 stills, the installation of 7 thermom-
eters, the holding of 8 stilling demonstrations, and the personal
contacting of 345 naval stores operators and gum farmers to assist
them with improved woods practices.
Pulpwood A total of 120 landowners were advised or assisted
Cooperation with pulpwood cutting practices and new pulpwood
Cooperation cutting demonstration plots were established near
Blountstown and Cantonment in cooperation with landowners and
Controlled Four controlled burned areas were established at
Mosely Hall in Madison County and, in addition, 16
Burning landowners were assisted with controlled burning op-
Due to the effect of the labor shortages, both on nur-
Planting sery operation and the planting of trees, the Munson
nursery was closed and the production of seedling stock was limited
at the Olustee nursery. More than 3,000,000 trees were distributed
during the first year of the biennium and 2,500,000 during the sec-
ond year, a total of 5,500,000 for the biennium. Shipments repre-
sented 354 planting cooperators during the first year and 406 dur-
ing the second. Since the initiation of planting work in Florida in
1928, a total of 5,555 landowners have planted 46,603,551 trees.
Pulp mills have contributed materially to the tree planting pro-
gram in the past two years. The Container Corporation of America
financed the free distribution of approximately 1,000,000 trees each
year of the biennium and the Panama City mill of the International
Paper Company, and the Florida Pulp and Paper Company with a
mill near Pensacola, participated in the same way to a lesser ex-
tent. Through their joint cooperation, it has been possible for
rcstinHJ abandonedd -g
landowners throughout north Florida and much of the central part
of the State to secure seedlings for reforestation purposes free of
State There was no acquisition of State Forest lands during
F s the biennium. Fire protection and other normal activi-
orests ties were carried on generally. A small turpentine and
grazing lease provided a limited income from Cary State Forest and
the Myakka River State Forest continued under grazing lease.
Blackwater River State Forest was the center of most activity
and produced revenue in the amount of $11,902.93 during 1942-43
and $11,298.79 during 1943-44, a total of $23,201.82 for the biennium.
The usual research activities were continued. Survival
Research studies were made in connection with tree planting.
In connection with farm forestry operations, an analysis of thin-
ning costs was made and also of pruning costs. Growth studies
were made to determine the comparative increment between old-
field and woods growth. The longleaf release study begun in 1940
on seedlings from the 1935-36 seed crop was continued and the first
height growth of the 8-year old seedlings noted in February, 1944.
Only fire control was conducted in connection with the Broad
Branch, Neal, and Natural Bridge thinning plots. Eight burned
and unburned studies were maintained and 5 new ones established
during the biennium.
EIGHTH BIENNIAL REPORT
During the period, thinnings were made on 5 slash pine planta-
tions ranging in age from 12 to 14 years. These were the Cook
plantation near Tallahassee, the McColskey plantings near Lake
City, the Trice near Crawfordville, and the Womble and Faulk near
Chipley. Data collected on the Cook and McColskey plantings were
released during 1944 in Circular No. 5, "Profits from Planted Slash
Pines." Actual records show the return per acre per year from
planted slash pine to be $3.25. Research on tree species for south
Florida suffered because of changing personnel and supervision.
However, additional seeds and plantings were secured, the slat
house at Lakeland was maintained, and some transplanting was
done to small test plots under 2 to 5 site conditions.
n G l The State Park program has continued to be seriously
In General affected by wartime conditions. Due to materials
and labor shortages, as well as finances, construction work has
been at a minimum. Automobile tire and gasoline rationing con-
tinues to hold down park attendance and park services have been
limited accordingly. Highlands Hammock State Park has been
closed except by appointment. Units acquired but undeveloped at
the opening of the biennium continued to remain dormant through-
out the two-year period.
Acqui n The Board of County Commissioners of Collier County
Acquisition and the Barron-Collier interests donated 5,783 acres
located on the Tamiami Trail at Royal Palm Hammock to be known
as the Collier-Seminole State Park. The area is the northern gate-
way to the Ten Thousand Islands and at the western entrance to
the proposed Everglades National Park.
This was the only acquisition of major importance. Four hundred
acres were added to Torreya State Park and one small interior lot
acquired at Tomoka State Park. Still pending on June 30, 1944, was
the transfer of several parcels of tax delinquent lands from the
Trustees of the Internal Improvement Fund to park purposes in
conformity with the law enacted in ,1943 permitting such dedica-
tion of tax lands. In cooperation with the State Road Department,
a wayside park was developed at historic Indian Key on the Florida
Overseas Highway. It is anticipated that many such wayside parks
will be developed in due course.
Park Use As indicated earlier, attendance at State Parks has
S suffered since Pearl Harbor. During 1942, 84,831
people visited the parks. During the first year of this biennium
attendance fell to 52,477 and rose during the second year to 64,943.
Roughly, 50 per cent of the attendance has been members of the
armed forces who are admitted to the parks free of charge. It
should be noted also that, during the first year of the biennium,
20 FLORIDA FOREST AND PARK SERVICE
parts of Myakka, Gold Head and Fort Clinch were leased to the
Army for military purposes and several of the parks and the O'Leno
Recreational Area were used for encampment purposes by the
Florida State Guard. Late in the biennium, all official Army use
of the park areas ceased except for the occasional bivouacs of the
State Guard units.
Park Park income is comprised of gate admissions, cottage
and boat rentals, concession profits, and similar earn-
Earnings ings. These are estimated in advance for the year and
written into the park budgets. In spite of the reduced income in-
cident to lowered attendance, the parks show a total income for
1942-43 of $12,347.91 and for 1943-44, $16,039.57. Rental of the
Birch Mansion at Hugh Taylor Birch State Park and of the uncom-
pleted lodge at Fort Clinch made substantial contributions to the
S Park System The status of the park system as of
Status of Park system June 30, 1944, was as follows:
Myakka River* -----__-
Hillsborough River* --
Gold Head Branch* ---
Florida Caverns* -----
Suwannee River ----.--
Hugh Taylor Birch ---
*Opened to public use.
Manatee & Sarasota.--
Columbia & Alachua----_
Suwannee ------- 1,651
Manpower limitations were a governing factor in the program
conducted by the Public Relations Branch of the Service. At the
opening of the biennium, the Branch of Publicity, Information and
Education had employed two full-time extension foresters to carry
on field work, State-wide, in public relations. It was already com-
mitted to a comprehensive program of county-wide educational cam-
paigns that would require the full time of both of these men. All
other project activity and handling of routine matters was to be the
responsibility of the Branch Chief in the main office.
This program continued in force and with no personnel changes
throughout the first year but shortly after the opening of the sec-
ond year of the biennium the Board authorized the expansion of
EIGHTH BIENNIAL REPORT
the Public Relations staff to a total of five field workers in an ef-
fort to provide a full-time man in each district for this work. Men
qualified to fill the positions were hard to find under wartime con-
ditions and it was not until February, 1944, that there were any
additions to the personnel. Between that time and the end of the
biennium, four men were employed, one of whom was released to
the State Park Branch within a month of his employment. On June
30, 1944, the branch was fully staffed with five extension foresters,
three of whom were new men in process of in-service training
under the two more experienced employees.
Boy Scout Several of the continuing projects suffered accord-
F y ingly. The Boy Scout project, reduced to 10 regis-
Forestry tered troops at the beginning of the biennium, faded
completely during the period due to lack of local Scout leadership
or to the local wartime demands made on such leadership as ex-
isted. The two troops that were last to withdraw were pioneers
that had been in the project from the very beginning. The with-
drawal of the Alachua troop was occasioned by the death of the
Scoutmaster who had served it for more than 10 years. Likewise,
the Lake City troop had enjoyed the same leadership throughout the
life of the project but the Scoutmaster, who is active in civic affairs
in his community and county, felt that he could devote so little
time to his forestry project that it should be cancelled for the dura-
Exhibits The ban on the holding of county fairs and similar
exhibits continued throughout the two-year period and
limited our exhibit activity to a minimum. Those materials that
we have on loan to the Earl Gresh Wood Parade at St. Petersburg
continued on display and were viewed by thousands of people. The
park panels of the Service's exhibit were used at the Florida Recrea-
tional Conference at Tampa in December of 1943, and 5 of them have
been continuously on display since that time at the Caverns State
Park headquarters. The forestry panels were displayed at the
Smaller War Plants Exhibit in Jacksonville during early February
of 1944. A few minor window displays of a local nature were pro-
vided in connection with the Wartime Forest Fire Prevention Cam-
Vocational There has been no member of the personnel as-
Agricultural signed full time to the agricultural high school
Fo project although it has continued in 118 schools
forest y under its own motivation and the aid of literature
and materials provided from time to time by this office. Early in
the bierinium, 4 new teaching units were made available, bringing
the number now in use to 12. The branch chief attended six district
conferences of agricultural teachers and contacted some 20-odd
schools in south Florida during the first year. All members of the
Public Relations staff attended the 1944 agricultural teachers'
conference at Daytona Beach in order to pave the way for a fuller
program. During the first year, the schools requested and received
FLORIDA FOREST AND PARK SERVICE
163,000 seedlings; during the second year the requests amounted
to 202,130, bringing the total for the biennium to 365,130 trees.
Thirty pounds of slash pine seed were distributed also during the
first year but no high school seed beds were established during the
Forestry The annual forestry training camp at O'Leno, which is
Training a supplement to the agricultural high school project,
Camp was held despite travel limitations and food rationing.
amp One hundred boys attended the 1942 camp. With the
increasing acuteness of travel and of food supplies, the camp held
in July of 1943 was combined with the Annual State Convention of
the Future Farmers and the Annual Leadership Training Confer-
ence of that organization. This was accomplished with a minimum
loss to our forestry program by confining all forestry activities to
daylight hours and turning over the evening hours to the agricul-
tural education staff. The combination resulted in some problems
in camp management which were satisfactorily solved. Attendance
at the 1943 camp was 96 Future Farmers.
County-wide County-wide educational campaigns initiated in
Educational the previous biennium continued to be the major
field activity. During the first year of the bien-
Campaigns nium, 19 counties were covered in north and cen-
tral Florida. A total of 612 schools were provided with visual edu-
cation programs and 130,810 pupils reached directly. During the
second year, 13 additional counties, 5 of them in south Florida, were
reached with 457 schools and 84,188 pupils. This makes a total of
32 counties during the biennium and 1,069 schools and 214,988
pupils. These school programs consisted of a brief talk and the
showing of motion pictures, requiring in all 40 to 50 minutes. Lit-
erature, posters and teaching materials were distributed.
Outside of the schools, usually on a community basis, 105 mo-
tion picture programs were shown to a total attendance of 22,157,
mostly adults. A speaking program before civic clubs and similar
adult organizations was conducted in connection with these cam-
paigns. One hundred and fifty-two such meetings were held, to a
total attendance of 7,804 adults. In other words, these campaigns
reached with a direct appeal during the biennium a total of 244,-
949 people. Nineteen radio talks were also made.
Visual Visual education work and, for the most part, speaker
Education service to clubs and organizations were confined to
the county-wide programs. No special progress was
made on the development of our own movies and only limited ex-
pansion of our photographic slide library was accomplished. The
purchase of 3 new motion picture projectors was approved by the
War Production Board just before the close of the biennium but it
is anticipated that delivery will be delayed.
EIGHTH BIENNIAL REPORT 23
Literature Approximately 243,000 pieces of literature or fire
S prevention materials were distributed by the Serv-
Distribution ice during the first year of the biennium and more
than 290,000 during the second year, a total of 533,000 pieces for the
biennium. More than 100,000 pieces were handed out directly each
year in connection with the county-wide educational campaigns.
The balance was distributed by mail from the Tallahassee office
or handled through the regular field organization.
This total includes 185,000 game license envelopes with a fire
prevention appeal which were provided the county judges for is-
suance with such licenses. Approximately 30,000 12-inch wooden
rulers, also with a fire prevention message, were distributed in the
public schools. Other items in the total distributed consisted of
publications of the Service, bulletins of the U. S. Department of
Agriculture, materials provided through the National Wartime For-
est Fire Prevention Campaign, and publications of the American
Forest Products Industries, Inc. The releases of this last-named
agency have been particularly well designed and available at no
cost in large quantities. We have availed ourselves of them to the
extent of approximately 30,000 copies during the two-year period.
Publications Early in the biennium, the Seventh Biennial Re-
port was prepared and published. A tree hand-
book, "Common Forest Trees of Florida" was revised and re-issued
for the first time in 13 years, and its hearty acceptance by the pub-
lic made an immediate reprint necessary. Bulletin No. 14, "Florida
Farm Forestry," was issued in November, 1942, and a reprint se-
cured in May, 1944. Circular No. 5, "Profits from Planted Slash
Pines" was released in the Fall of 1944. The "Florida Forest Fire
Fighters Manual" prepared by the Service personnel, was issued
by the State Defense Council early in 1943.
In addition to the new publications and their reprints already
mentioned, new issues of Circular No. 2, "Planted Pines Pay"; the
color leaflet, "The Woods That the Farmer Owned"; and the leaflet,
"The Work of the Florida Forest and Park Service," were printed.
S Newspaper and magazine releases continued to be is-
Publicity sued from time to time from the Tallahassee and dis-
trict offices but the bulk of the year's results in this field was
achieved through direct contact with the newspapers in the 32
counties in which educational campaigns were conducted. The de-
cline in the amount of newspaper space devoted to forestry and
parks, which has been evident since the attack on Pearl Harbor,
continued throughout the biennium. War news,, national problems
and war service drives continued to demand an increasing amount
of newspaper space. During the first year of the biennium, Florida
newspapers devoted to forestry and park copy 16,460 column inches
and during the second year, 14,657 column inches. The space given
by newspapers to releases issued by the Service or growing directly
out of its activities, was approximately 5,800 column inches each
FLORIDA FOREST AND PARK SERVICE
Signs and No new posters were designed by the Service. How-
Posters ever, a considerable variety of such new materials
were secured through the National Wartime Forest
Fire Prevention Campaign and through the American Forest Prod-
ucts Industries, Inc. Ranger headquarters and fire tower shields
were erected during the year at all points where they did not already
exist. During the second year of the biennium, the Service worked
closely with the General Outdoor Advertising Company to stimu-
late the display of 8 locally-sponsored fire prevention billboards
along the highways. These were in addition to approximately 50
such billboards financed by the Federal government under the Na-
tional Wartime Forest Fire Prevention Campaign.
Special Reference has already been made to the annual Wartime
Projects Forest Fire Prevention Campaign which was conducted
projects during both years of the biennium. The existence of
this project added some additional load to the Tallahassee office
but, for the most part, its field application was carried on as a part
of the routine work of the district organizations or in connection
with the county-wide educational campaigns.
The Timber Production War Project, conducted by the U. S.
Forest Service, provided a four-months' tour for a group of disabled
war veterans to naval stores camps throughout north and central
Florida in an effort to stimulate naval stores production. This
Caravan was undertaken in Florida as a cooperative project to
which the Florida Forest and Park Service assigned one man to
operate motion picture and sound equipment, assist in the display
of exhibits, etc. The Caravan operated during the spring of 1944,
reached 94 turpentine camps, and showed to a total of 7,445 workers.
Effort toward the establishment of school forests was intensified
to some degree and progress made at schools in Duval and Hills-
EIGHTH BIENNIAL REPORT
I. FINANCIAL REPORT, July 1, 1942-June 30, 1943 --
II. FINANCIAL REPORT, July 1, 1943-June 30, 1944 _--
III. RECAPITULATION OF CASH RECEIPTS, 16 Years
IV. FIRE CONTROL REPORT
V. FIRE ANALYSIS.- --- ----.
FLORIDA FOREST AND PARK SERVICE
July 1, 1942-June 30, 1943
Receipts (Refunds on travel requests &
1941-1942 canceled warrants) 29.25
Balance-June 30, 1943
Balance July 1, 1942 $ 26,446.01 $
Receipts-U. S. Government 202,434.06
Receipts-Cary State Forest 116.25
Receipts-Myakka River State Forest.................. 2,028.98
Receipts-Blackwater River State Forest............ 10,502.59
Receipts-Unanticipated Revenue 22,189.79
Balance-June 30, 1943 15,517.95
STATE PARK FUND
(Receipts from Operation)
Balance July 1, 1942 $
Receipts-Highlands Hammock State Park........
Receipts-Hillsborough River State Park-...........
Receipts-Gold Head Branch State Park ......
Receipts-Myakka River State Park-................
Receipts-Fort Clinch State Park
Receipts-Florida Caverns State Park--..........
Balance-June 30, 1943
Receipts Expenditures 6/30/43
State Appropriation $270,029.25 $270,029.25 $
Incidental Fund 398,566.56 383,048.61 15,517.95
State Park Fund 17,781.98 15,711.51 2,070.47
$686,377.79 $668,789.37 $ 17,588.42
In addition to the above funds, $18,232.41 in private expenditures were
recognized as labor in lieu of cash. These expenditures were made
under cooperative agreements and are under the supervision of the
Florida Forest and Park Service.
EIGHTH BIENNIAL REPORT
July 1, 1943-June 30, 1944
Receipts (Refunds on travel requests).................... 24.84
Balance-June 30, 1944
Balance July 1, 1943 $ 15,517.95
Receipts-U. S. Government 335,883.53
Receipts-State Forests 12,010.52
Receipts-Unanticipated Revenue 13,955.44
Balance-June 30, 1944 97,691.23
STATE PARK FUND
(Receipts from Operation)
Balance July 1, 1943 $ 2,070.47
Receipts-State Parks 10,159.97
Balance-June 30, 1944
State Appropriation $300,024.84
Incidental Fund 551,500.30
State Park Fund 12,230.44
In addition to the above funds, $19,731.04 in private expenditures were
recognized as labor in lieu of cash. These expenditures are made under
cooperative agreements and are under the supervision of the Florida
Forest and Park Service.
FLORIDA FOREST AND PARK SERVICE
From State Auditor's Report for Period
Ending June 30, 1943
An interesting study of the cash receipts of the Florida Board of
Forestry and Parks by source since its inception in 1927 is presented in
the table below. This table gives a graphic picture of the growth and
importance of this agency of the government since it was created sixteen
years ago. It is interesting to note that the state government furnishes
less than one half of the funds used to operate this department.
CASH RECEIPTS OF THE FLORIDA BOARD OF FORESTRY AND
PARKS BY SOURCE SINCE IT WAS ESTABLISHED IN 1927
Fiscal Total State U. S. Landowners' Other
Year Appropriation Government Assessments Sources
1927-28 $ 15,380.74 $ 12,500.00 $ 903.71 $ 1,977.03 $
1928-29 62,334.00 12,500.00 38,258.93 11,575.07
1929-30 124,308.59 60,320.00 40,285.54 23,066.72 636.33
1930-31 165,341.21 60,320.00 78,230.00 23,269.64 3,521.57
1931-32 126,046.42 40,000.00 68,036.12 15,090.49 2,919.81
1932-33 153,861.23 40,000.00 68,683.18 42,914.20 2,263.85
1933-34 167,333.15 44,000.00 69,260.00 45,377.74 8,695.41
1934-35 166,028,97 44,000.00 70,610.00 46,678.17 4,740.80
1935-36 269,481.28 134,200.00 69,235.00 53,816.12 12,230.16
1936-37 289,249.49 134,200.00 72,280.00 66,639.59 16,129.90
1937-38 372,996.07 170,000.00 73,714.00 110,629.22 18,652.85
1938-39 398,627.91 170,000.00 100,282.00 99,931.83 28,414.08
1939-40 485,554.43 210,000.00 105,456.90 136,233.02 33,864.51
1940-41 523,168.25 210,000.00 105,564.72 155,141.07 52,462.46
1941-42 628,036.55 300,000.00 124,640.65 143,317.54 60,078.36
1942-43 642,011.93 270,000.00* 202,434.06 126,326.24 43,251.63
* At the request of Governor Spessard L. Holland, appropriation expendi-
tures were reduced by 10% to help the existing emergency.
FIRE CONTROL REPORT
No. of Cooperators Acreage Protected % Area Burned
Date Indiv. Group Coun Indiv. Group County Total Indiv. Group County State
Agree. Units nts Agree. Units Units State Agree. Units Units
June 30, 1940
June 30, 1941
June 30, 1942
June 30, 1943
.TJune an 1944
428 105 5
435 103 8
461 110 7
412 101 7
.R4 6 119 7
S098 nR ..
1 1046 R3I 21 022 R
1.9 1.55 5.76 3.17
4.5 5.8 4.3 4.3
1.72 1.74 3.3 2.36
4.62 3.18 7.0 5.61
3.85 2.20 3.31 3.31
Number of Fires Acreage Burned Damage
Cause Number % Total Acres % Total Value % Total
1st yr. 2nd yr. 1st yr. 2nd yr. 1st yr. 2nd yr. 1st 2nd 1st yr. 2nd yr. 1st 2nd
Lightning ............ 168 123 3.0 3.58 1,272 2,641 .5 1.50 $ 1.045 $ 2.497 .2 1.22
Railroads ........... 128 80 2.3 2.33 3,859 1,911 1.4 1.09 12,362 2,460 2.6 1.20
Campers ........... 64 46 1.1 1.34 3,008 2,985 1.1 1.70 3,844 1,829 .8 .90
Smokers ............ 246 148 4.4 4.30 6,054 4,968 2.1 2.82 5,604 3,519 1.2 1.72
Brush Burning 430 264 7.6 7.68 11,552 8,758 4.1 4.97 15,111 14,154 3.1 6.93
Incendiary .......... 4,328 2,577 77.0 74.95 243,565 143,828 86.1 81.70 431,604 163,732 89.7 80.14
Lumbering .......... 44 47 .8 1.37 1,918 3,035 .6 1.72 1,894 2,251 .4 1.10
Miscellaneous .... 102 131 1.8 3.81 6,432 5,898 2.3 3.35 4,913 10,135 1.0 4.96
Unknown .......... 111 22 2.0 .64 5,334 2,025 1.8 1.15 4,572 3,741 1.0 1.83
Total ........... 5,621 | 3,438 100% 100% 1 282,994 176,049 100% 100% 1$480,949 /$204,318 100% 100%
30 FLORIDA FOREST AND PARK SERVICE
FLORIDA FOREST AND PARK SERVICE
As of April 1, 1945
Board of Forestry and Parks
BASIL E. KENNEY, President, Port St. Joe
A. B. EDWARDS, Vice President, Sarasota
MRS. LINWOOD JEFFREYS, Secretary, Jacksonville
JACK W. SIMMONS, Tallahassee
Office of State Forester and Park Executive,
C. H. COULTER, State Forester and Park Executive.
R. U. TITUS, Assistant State Forester in Charge.
J. R. GRAMLING, Assistant State Forester in Charge.
L. G. SCOGGIN, Director, State Parks.
Publicity, Information and Education-
W. F. JACOBS, Assistant State Forester in Charge.
HUGH D'ANNA, Fiscal Agent.
District Foresters and Counties Served
District 1. R. A. BONNINGHAUSEN, P. O. Box 188, Panama City. Wal-
ton, Holmes, Washington, Bay, Jackson, Calhoun, Gulf, Escambia,
Santa Rosa, Okaloosa.
District 2. R. E. PARNELLE, P. O. Box 190, 109 W. Jefferson Street, Tal-
lahassee, Franklin, Liberty, Gadsden, Leon, Wakulla, Jefferson,
Madison, Taylor, Dixie, Lafayette.
District 3. BEN D. HARRELL, P. O. Box 243, Lake City. Suwannee,
Hamilton, Columbia, Baker, Union, Gilchrist, Alachua, Bradford,
Nassau, Duval, Clay, St. Johns, Putnam.
District 4. W. M. WHITMAN, P. O. Box 521, 16 Holder Building, Ocala.
Levy, Flagler, Volusia, Marian, Citrus, Hernando, Sumter, Lake, Semi-
nole, Orange, Brevard (North half).
District 5. CLAUDE L. DEVANE, P. O. Box 53, City Hall, Lakeland.
Brevard (South half), Indian River, Osceola, Polk, Pasco, Hillsbor-
ough, Pinellas, Manatee, Sarasota, Hardee, DeSoto, Highlands, Okee-
chobee, St. Lucie, Martin, Glades, Charlotte, Lee, Hendry, Palm
Beach, Collier, Broward, Dade, Monroe.
EIGHTH BIENNIAL REPORT
LIST OF AVAILABLE PUBLICATIONS
Growing and Marketing Pulpwood, Bulletin No. 12; 26 pages, 1938.
Cutting Timber for Increased Profits, Bulletin No. 13; 19 pages, 1940.
Florida Farm Forestry, Bulletin No. 14; 32 pages, 1942.
The Program of Forestry and State Parks, Bulletin No. 15; 29 pages, 1945.
Planted Pines Pay, Circular No. 2; 8 pages, revised 1940.
De Woods of Pine, a song, Circular No. 3; 4 pages, 1939.
Conservation, report of a teaching unit, Circular No. 4; 4 pages, 1941.
Profits from Planted Slash Pines, Circular No. 5; 8 pages, 1944.
The Work of the Florida Forest and Park Service, revised 1945.
Elementary Science Teaching Outlines, revised 1942.
Grade 1-The Rabbit
Grade 2-The Bob-White
Grade 3-The Woodpecker
Grade 4-The Honey Bee
Grade 5-The Pine Forest
Grade 6-Reproduction of the Pine Tree
The Woods That the Farmer Owned, color leaflet for elementary schools,
8 pages, 1936.
Suggested Natural Science and Conservation Teaching Aids, 4 pages, re-
Tar Heels of the Piney Woods, by I. F. Eldredge; from American Forests,
Improving the Forest to Meet the New Demand, by Lewis E. Staley; from
Civil Engineering, June, 1938.
When to Prune Southern Pines, by Benson H. Paul; from Southern Lum-
berman, December, 1938.
Improve Your Turpentine Woods, by John O. Boynton; from ATFA
Journal, September, 1939.
The Saga of Santa Rosa, by William F. Jacobs; from the Journal of The
Florida Education Association, November, 1941.
A Saga of Southern Pine, by C. F. Evans; from American Forests, Sep-
Forestry, Course in Conservation of Florida's Forests; 91 pages, 1937.
Florida's 'State Parks Invite You, 16 pages, revised, 1945.
Eighth Biennial Report, 24 pages, 1945.
Florida Forest Fire Fighters Manual, 39 pages, 1943.
Common Forest Trees of Florida, 98 pages, 3rd Ed., 1943.