Title: FloridAgriculture
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075933/00001
 Material Information
Title: FloridAgriculture a Farm Bureau publication
Alternate Title: Florida agriculture
Abbreviated Title: FloridAgriculture (Gainesv. Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 35 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Farm Bureau Federation
Publisher: Florida Farm Bureau Federation
Place of Publication: Gainesville FL
Frequency: monthly[]
monthly (except june, july and aug.)[ former -1978]
bimonthly[ former <1979->]
semimonthly[ former ]
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( nal )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 40, no. 10 (May 15, 1981); title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Vol. 51, no. 6 (June 1, 1992).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075933
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 07473435
lccn - sn 81001343
issn - 0015-3869
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida agriculture

Full Text


"':"ovember 24, 1969

Dear Mr. Kautz:

The initiative you and the members of the Florida
Farm Bureau Federation have taken in urging
support for our efforts to bring the war in Vietnam
to an end is deeply heartening to me and I want to
express my thanks to you and each of the members
of the Federation for your thoughtful message. The
confidence and understanding you have shown will do
much to strengthen our pursuit of the just and lasting
peace that all of us desire.

With my best wishes,

Mr. Walter J. Kautz
Florida Farm Bureau Federation
4350 Southwest Thirteenth Street
Gainesville, Florida 32601

I .FS161

You turn

me on.

I get a charge
out of you, too!

Atlas' batteries have long been a favorite of southern farmers. Quick-starting and sure power is
built into every Atlas battery. They are designed with extra-heavy plates, dual insulation, plus
Perma-ful protection to insure long and trouble-free service. Let your Standard man show you
the complete line of Atlas batteries. Learn why he says, "We take better care of your equipment."
Trademark Allos, Reg U.S.Pt.Off., Atlas Supply Co.


WCTV-Tallahassee-Thomasvile CH 6, 1 p.m. EST
3rd week of the month.

WFGA-TV-Jacksonville CH 12-6:45 a.m. EST "Hi
Neighbor," First Tues. of the month..

WFTV-Orlando 7:00 a.m., EST CH 9
"Agriworld," Third Tues. of the month

7 8 910111213 A

December 7-11. AFBF convention,
Washington, D.C.
December 9-11. Soil & Crop Science
Society meeting, Daytona Beach.
December 13. Florida Angus Ass'n
bull sale, Kissimmee.
January 12. FFBF multi-county
January 13,14. Conference, County
Farm Bureau Presidents, Chairmen
of Women's committee.
January 13-17. DeSoto County Fair,
January 14. Open house. FFBF head-
quarters building, Gainesville.
January 14,15. Indian River Citrus
Seminar. Cocoa
'January 15. FFBF multi-county
January 15. Florida Grape Grower's
Ass'n mid-winter meeting, Tavares.
'January 19-22. FFBF multi-county
January 20-26. Dade County Youth
Fair. Miami.
January 23,24. Second Southern Farm
Forum. New Orleans.
January 25-28. SE Poultry & Egg
Ass'n Convention. Atlanta.
'January 26,27. FFBF multi-county
January 28, FFBF board meeting,
8 a.m. to 12 noon. Gainesville.
January 28-30. Multi-State Farm
Bureau meeting. (South Carolina,
Georgia and Puerto Rico) beginning
at 12 noon on 28th.
February 2-5. Florida Steer and Car-
cass Show, Tampa.
February 3-14. Florida State Fair.
February 9. Opening of Farm Bureau
Tallahassee-Legislative office. Re-
ception for key legislators and
other state officials.
February 10. FFBF Legislative break-
fast. Tallahassee.
February 10. FFBF board meeting.
10:00 a.m. Tallahassee.
February 13-21. Florida Citrus Show-
case, Winter Haven.
February 24,25. Pest Control Confer-
ence, Uni. of Florida, Gainesville.
February 27-March 1. Chalo Nitka
Festival & Rodeo, Moore Haven.

2 FloridAgriculture, December, 1969



4 Focus on Farm Bureau. A Review
of State and County Activity

6 Change. A Discussion of

8 The Grape Boycott and What
It Means to You

13 Governor Kirk Proclaims
Farm Bureau Week

13 County Farm Bureau Presidents
Visit Washington

15 Christmas 1969


5 President Kautz' Editorial

12 Grassroots: Spotlight on Polk
and Hernando Counties

13 Letters

18 Executive Vice President: A Half
Century of Service

Vol. 28, No. 9,, Dec. 1969. Established 1943. Published monthly
except June, July and August for the Florida Farm Bureau
Federation by Cody Publications, Kissimmee, Florida. Second
Class postage paid at Kissimmee, Florida 32741. $5.00 per
year; Foreign $10.00. Send Change of Address to Florida Farm
Bureau, 4350 SW 13th St.,: Gainesville, Florida 32601.

United States has written the
members of Florida Farm Bu-
reau a letter. It appears on
the cover of this month's issue.
It seemed only fitting that a
letter from President Nixon
should be printed in a place
where many would read it. His
letter is in response to a reso-
lution sent to the President
following the 1969 FFBF con-
vention in which delegates
went on record in support of
the President, his conduct of
the war in Vietnam, and a let-
ter in which delegates, speak-
ing in behalf of FFBF mem-
bers, voiced their disapproval
of those who would try to in-
fluence government by actions
in the streets Thank you,
Mr. President.
A discussion about "change"
and a report on the grape boy-
cott of 1969 are two of the
subjects covered in this
month's issue of FLORIDAGRI-
CULTURE. You will also see
features about county Farm
Bureau organizations, plans
and projects of the Federation
and some tips on getting ready
for Christmas. There is also
a letters column which we
hope to expand with each is-
sue. You're encouraged to
write.-It's a little early, but
the Florida Farm Bureau Fed-
eration officers, directors and
staff would like to take this
opportunity to wish you and
yours a very ...

FloridAgriculture, December, 1969




FFBF's delegates to the AFBF con-
vention in Washington will include
president Walter Kautz, vice presi-
dent Forrest Davis, treasurer Jack
Allen and former FFBF president E.
H. Finlayson. This will be the
first time that Florida has had four
delegates to the AFBF meeting.

Broiler growers representing nearly
one million house capacity have been
"signed up" to membership in the
Florida Agricultural Marketing As-
sociation. Goal for the 1970 drive
will be 50 percent of Florida's total
broiler house capacity or about five
million broilers.

Dennis Emerson, formerly field-
man in Farm Bureau Field District
SIV has been transferred
to the FFBF Informa-
tion Division as assist-
ant director of the in-
formation division. His
new duties will include
working closely with
county Farm Bureau or-
ganizations in establish-
ing information programs in the
counties, developing and improving
county Farm Bureau newsletters, and
making an intensive study of farm
labor problems in Florida.

Completion of the new 8.000
square foot addition to the FFBF
headquarters building in Gainesville
is scheduled for January, 1970. The
expanded service-to-member programs,
and staff expansion have made the
construction necessary.

Gilchrist, Levy, and Dixie County
Farm Bureaus met jointly late in
November to present a plaque of ap-
preciation to former state board mem-
ber J. J. Brialmont, of Bell.

Television station WFGA, Jackson-
ville, recently devoted a full week
to a Farm Bureau-sponsored series
of programs promoting "Farm-
City Week" in the world's largest
city. Tallahassee-Thomasville station
WCTV also had a special Farm-City
Week program sponsored by Farm
Bureau WTVJ, Channel 4, Miami
will air a special documentary on
Farm-City Week in late January or
early February. Television stations

in Orlando, St. Petersburg and Tampa
also will show special Farm-City
Week programs.

The U.S. House of Representa-
tives has defeated the national po-
tato check-off legislation. All of Flor-
ida's congressmen voted against the
check-off legislation with the excep-
tion of congressman Claude Pepper
of Miami and congressman Danny
Fascell of Miami. Fascell did not

FFBF policy concerning the Agri-
culture Zoning Board law was given
to the Florida House of Representa-
tives committee on Ad Volorem taxes
in Tallahassee recently. Farm Bureau
told the members that the present law,
if properly administered, would elim-
inate most of the cases where some
are using the so-called "green-belt-
law for speculative purposes.

A series of multi-county policy exe-
cution meetings will be held through-
out Florida in January prior to the
expected session of the State Legis-
lature in February. The actual date
for the legislative session will be de-
cided by legislators when they meet
in December for a special session
called by the Governor.

Roland Farring, Weirsdale citrus
grower, has been named director of
Farm Safety for the
FFBF. Farring, 32, will
conduct safety programs
on the county level with
young people concern-
ing driver education, fire
prevention, defensive
driving and other use-
ful subjects. He will also begin formu-
lating plans for the establishment of
a Young Farmers and Ranchers pro-
gram in Florida. A native of Balti-
more, Md., Farring has attended the
Baltimore Polytech Institute, the Uni-
versity of Florida, Baltimore Junior
College and the University of Mary-

A "high-powered" water technical
committee has held its first meeting
to begin carrying out FFBF policy
concerning water rights. The com-
mittee, composed of Charles M. San-

ders, Director, Interior Resources,
Dept. of Natural Resources, Talla-
hassee; Paul Douglas, Professor of
Government, Rollins College, Winter
Park; Henry Swanson, Orange County
Agricultural Agent, Orlando; Dr.
John R. Greenman, University of
Florida, Gainesville; Cliff McIntire,
Director, AFBF Natural Resources
Dept, Washington and John C. Lynn,
Executive Vice Pres., FFBF. Gaines-
ville, are working toward legislation
for presentation to the state legisla-
ture in 1970.

Miss Ruth Sloan, office manager
for FFBF has been named Assistant
.Secretary-Treasurer for the Federa-
tion. The FFBF board of directors
named Miss Sloan to the new position
which it said is more in keeping with
her duties and responsibilities.

The Interstate Commerce Commis-
sion and Florida's legislative delega-
tion have been informed of Farm
Bureau's objection to a recent in-
crease in freight rates for shipment of
gift fruit to the New York area. Gift
fruit shippers who have already
issued brochures for the 1969-70 sea-
son will be at a distinct disadvantage
if the new rates stand. The rate in-
crease came after an August state-
ment of rates by the Railway Express
Agency. The I.C.C., Senator Holland
and Gurney and congressmen from
citrus growing areas of Florida have
been contacted. It is estimated that A
one and three-fifths bushel of fruit
sent to the New York area via REA
would cost over $11.00 for shipping
charges alone or some $5.00 more
than the rate set in August.

FFBF has recommended to the
tobacco division of the Agricultural
Stabilization and Conservation that
the 1970-71 marketing quotas for flue-
cured tobacco will be the same as for
the past year. It was pointed out to
the ASC officials that the 1969 flue-
cured tobacco crop in Florida was
valued at $16,000,000.

Items for FOCUS are invited. In-
formation or suggestions for inclusion
should be sent to "Editor, FloridAgri-
culture, 4350 S.W. 13th Street, Gaines-
ville, Florida 32601.

FloridAgriculture, December, 1969




Q The Annual Convention of our Florida
Farm Bureau Federation was held in Panama City
October 26-28, primarily for delegates to deter-
mine policies and courses of action for the next

Resolutions sent in by the county Farm
Bureaus were considered by a Resolutions Com-
mittee composed mostly of County Farm Bureau
Presidents. It was their task to assort, combine,
rewrite, and in some cases, reject the resolutions
sent in. Relevant resolutions adopted by the
delegates during the preceding five years were re-
viewed, brought up to date and incorporated into
this year's report, in order to establish more con-
tinuity of action.

This year the Resolutions Committee met
several weeks prior to the convention and their
report was sent back to the counties to give dele-
gates time to study the report.

[ Serving as Resolutions Committee Chair-
man, I was impressed with the wealth of knowl-
edge and leadership capabilities demonstrated by
the members of the committee. The type of re-
port submitted to the delegates for action by the
committee was demonstrated by the fact that most
of the resolutions were adopted as presented, in
record time.

O The resolutions adopted by the delegates
are now policy for the coming year and represent
a majority opinion.

Because of the many different types of com-
modities produced by our membership, it is im-
possible for the Florida Farm Bureau Federation
to agree completely with every commodity group
and still operate within the framework of estab-

lished Farm Bureau philosophy. In serving its
members by carrying out adopted policies, Farm
Bureau necessarily must work for the "greatest
good" which at times may be in conflict with
specific goals set by commodity organizations.

O It is the purpose of Farm Bureau to assist
the various commodity groups in those areas
where it can be most effective and helpful in
promoting their general welfare and in helping to
solve mutual problems. Teamwork will not only
permit us to move the load but to move it up hill
at a gallop. If the hill becomes overly steep, we
are prepared to provide extra effort to reach the

E Florida Farm Bureau is ready to accept the
challenges of a mushrooming society. We can
afford nothing less than our best. With all the
serious problems facing agriculture today; any-
thing else could be disastrous. We intend to suc-

President, Florida Farm Bureau Federation

FloridAgriculture, December, 1969

- C(

r~N '-

\** )/ A' I


We wonder how many will write to tell us
that "FLORIDAGRICULTURE" is not spelled cor-

The new spelling is one of the "new" looks
your publication has this month. The name was

changed slightly for several reasons, but mainly
because Florida and Agriculture are so closely
tied together it only seemed natural to make
it one word.

Many things today are changing. Some for

FloridAgriculture, December, 1969



the good and others not so much for the better.
We hope the changes we will be making in your
magazine are the former.

Since new ideas will be used in future issues
of the magazine, it is proper, we think, to talk
with you about them and even more importantly,
to ask for your comments, criticisms and sug-

One of the main goals of FLORIDAGRICULTURE
will be to keep you, the members, informed about
what is going on in the business of agriculture
today, some of the changes taking place, new
developments, and the potential for the future.

We will also be reporting to you on changes
in attitude on the part of the consumer, the
farmer, young people, the legislature and Farm
Bureau itself.

In short, we will try to make your magazine
more than a "house organ", but will attempt
to keep you up-to-date on all' facets of agri-
culture, Farm Bureau, and those things in which
you are most interested.

The way the magazine looks today, may not
be the way it will look next month, because we
will constantly be searching for better and more
interesting ways to present the story of agri-
culture to you.

Naturally, we will be writing about Farm
Bureau, its philosophy, its member-made poli-
cies, its plans, its projects and its progress. In
doing that job, we hope we will be talking and
writing about YOU.

But to talk about YOU, your county Farm
Bureau, your ideas, your attitudes and about
the things you are interested in, we will need
to hear from you. It is rather trite to say it,
but: "Communications is a two-way street."
Your letters, postcards, comments and reports
of your County Farm Bureau activity will be
an absolute essential if the magazine is to do
its job.

Your Farm Bureau magazine should reflect
your thinking, not the thinking of the editor.

We hope to present, in a pleasing manner,
in-depth stories about new ideas and develop-
ments in agriculture. A newly developed piece
of farm machinery, a proposed new law in the

legislature, the public's attitude toward agricul-
ture, and the threats to agriculture from many
sources will be the subject of some stories.
The changes being made in your magazine
are not being made just for sake of change.
That would be wrong. The changes are being
made because none of us are the same as we
were yesterday, nor will we be the same to-
morrow. Agriculture and the people involved
in it have changed greatly since a farmer pro-
duced enough food for himself and his family.
Today, as you know, he produces enough for
himself and nearly 50 others. To do that, the
farmer has had to use new ideas and new

The same might be said of your magazine and
your Farm Bureau. While the basic philosophy
of Farm Bureau has not changed (and we are
thankful for that) Farm Bureau programs have
changed to meet expanding membership, and
the needs of its members.

So, with your permission and your direction,
your magazine will employ some new ideas and
new methods to present to you our basic be-
liefs in Farm Bureau and agriculture.

To paraphrase a statement we once read about
change, there is a new world every morning
when we wake up. It is upon us, whether we
will it or not . Our task is to guide these
changes. For, though change is inevitable,
change for the better is a full-time job.
-Al Alsobrook.



FloridAgriculture, December, 1969


Thomas E. Richardson is director of Farm Labor Ac-
tivities for the California Farm Bureau Federation.
He was one of the guest speakers on the Farmer-Con-
sumer panel at the 1969 Florida Farm Bureau state
convention in Panama City last October. Many who
heard him thought what he had to say was important,
because what has happened in California concerning
the Grape Boycott can affect agriculture throughout
the United States and particularly Florida.

THE YEAR 1969 will probably go down in California
and the Nation's history as the year of the GREAT
GRAPE BOYCOTT. Every self styled-expert in the
field of agriculture has taken the opportunity to
vocalize on the reasons for, and the social, economic,
political, and or religious implications and conse-
quences of the boycott. Those speaking and writing
about the issue have always been very positive. Some-
times they have been correct. Unfortunately, most have
been equipped with 10 percent fact and 90 percent
opinion; and a notebook filled with extreme examples.
They have not been very helpful to those interested
in drawing any reasonable conclusions. Boycotts are
expected to extend beyond grapes and in some areas
this has already occurred. When the problem is
ultimately resolved, one thing is certain: It will
not result in maximum benefit to worker, producer,
consumer, and union leader.

A STRIKE IS a major tool of unions. Farm products
are generally perishable. A strike that is really a
strike could be financially disastrous to the farmer.
What a farmer receives for his product has little rela-
tion to his costs, as you in Florida know. Since the
farmer has little effective control over price he is
reluctant to look kindly upon any scheme that indi-
cates, right from the start, that he will be paying
out more money through mismanagement of his work
Workers in agriculture generally fear the 6ntry of the
union into their individual bargaining process-a process
that, so far, has resulted in lower wages earned than those
workers out from under the wine grower contracts.

There is concern also for the acceleration trend to
mechanization that suggests strongly that the present
work force may be without recourse to the "old job".
Farm workers have a history of not liking deductions
from their checks and a union contract adds another
deduction. Their freedom to move about and from job
to job may also be in doubt under a contract condition.
Poor wages in agriculture is claimed and repeated
with little concern for truth of fact to the contrary.
When "averages" are used and all of the earned wages
of all who worked for reportable wages are included,
the average wage paid in California agriculture comes
out at about $1.82 per hour now. However, when we
isolate the earnings from either the table grape or
citrus workers we find the averages range from $2.42 to
over $4.00 per hour. This is achieved by the use of
a basic hourly wage together with an incentive per box
figure that works to the benefit of the worker. Of
course quality controls must be part of the system.

FloridAgriculture, December, 1969


Spotlighting Active County Farm Bureaus

Polk County President Paul Huff

POLK COUNTY-Farm Bureau's Biggest
Polk County Farm Bureau, long time leader in Farm
Bureau activities, waivered not this year in leading the
state in obtaining the largest number of family members.
The success of Polk County in its Farm Bureau programs
enabled the county to receive into its membership 461
new members. The membership for year 1969 totaled

Polk County's newly elected president, Paul Huff, sees
even a greater year ahead for the Farm Bureau there.
Huff, a citrus grove owner and grove consultant, is a
16-year veteran in the fight for better air and water
pollution controls in Polk County.

Polk County Farm Bureau is steered by a 22-member
board of directors, most of whom are citrus growers and
cattlemen. The Polk County Farm Bureau is a committee-
minded organization. Huff attributes much of the success
and achievements in the Farm Bureau there to the qualified
and energetic directors and their willingness to serve on
committee assignments.

Polk County Farm Bureau sets a very good example
for others with their service to member programs. The
Farm Bureau tire and battery program is an example of
the county's efforts to better serve the members. Polk
County is unequal in the state for total dollar volume of
tire and batteries sold. Seven tire dealers are located in
various sectors of the county to better serve the Farm
Bureau members. The insurance program has expanded its
agency to include eight full-time agents and two insurance

Polk County takes pride in the fact it is the largest
citrus producing county in the world and the largest phos-
phate county in Florida. Agriculture is by far the number
one industry in Polk County and the county Farm Bureau
there is the number one agriculture organization.

12 FloridAgriculture, December, 1969


Actually, though chartered as the Hernando County
Farm Bureau the organization calls itself the Hernando-
Citrus County Farm Bureau, thereby sharing its name
with neighboring Citrus County in which there is no Farm
Bureau located.

This year, the Hernando-Citrus County Farm Bureau
boasts 491 family members and has grown steadily since
its organization in 1951.

A 12-member board carries on the business of Her-
nando-Citrus County Farm Bureau and membership on
the board is divided fairly equally among the three major
commodity interests in the counties: poultry, citrus and
cattle. Women also play a major part in the Farm Bu-
reau activity and, as a matter of fact, four women are
currently members of the board.

Jesse Thomas, cattleman and watermelon producer,
is president of the Hernando-Citrus Farm Bureau. Asked
what he thought the number one problem facing farmers
today in Florida was, he replied: "labor." Thomas feels
that Farm Bureau should carefully research the labor
problem and hopefully come up with some solutions.

Herando County ranks fourth in the state in the pro-
duction of eggs which is approximately 6 percent of all the
eggs produced in Florida.

Farm Bureau is on the move in Hernando-Citrus
counties and president Thomas feels that members should
and are becoming more active in the work of Farm Bureau.

Herando President Jesse Thomas

0 ~


UT, NOW LET US look at those wine grower contracts
and how they were or were not achieved. I quote
from a State official agency involved in the observation
of the entire period of those "elections and contract
"We invite any interested party to direct an inquiry
to Paul Masson Winery at Soledad, California, for an
explanation of the so-called election involving their
"The Paul Masson card check lost. An approach
was made to the President of Seagram's with the
* threatened boycott of products. The Company position
was thereafter that no election had taken place.
"Anyone making an inquiry will find that their
employees did not vote for UFWOC.
"At Christian Brothers, the union refused an election
and then several months later agreed to a contract after
a turnover of employees and at a time when relatively
few employees were on the payroll.
"Any inquiry directed to the Christian Brothers will
receive the information that the union reneged on an
agreement for a secret ballot election at Christian
Brothers property at Reedley and Napa Valley.
"Christian Brothers employees have never been given
the opportunity to make their union preference known
by secret ballot.
"Further investigation shows that no election was
held at Schenley's vineyards and a contract was negoti-
ated and signed without any opportunity for any ex-
pression from the workers.
"Secret ballot elections were held at DiGiorgio prop-
erties, but voting was not restricted to employees
then on the payroll. Persons who claimed to have
once worked for DiGiorgio were permitted to vote.
"No secret ballot elections were held at Gallo,
Almaden, Franzia or Novitiate Vineyards. Therefore,
the claim of victory in elections can only apply to
DiGiorgio properties where elections were conducted
under the very close rules promulgated by Dr. Ronald
Houghton of Wayne University of Detroit."
Now let us look into the backdrop of facts sur-
rounding those 10 or 12 grape growers who tried to find
solution to the boycotting of their table grapes. Mind,
you, they had no trouble getting their grapes picked,
packed and shipped. Some markets where political
overtones were evident, did create problems. Other
markets had to be developed and as you readily recog-
nize, this does cost money and some handling loss due to
the inexperienced new outlet.

These particular growers have been the target of
some of the most vicious attacks, including the new
charge of marketing poisonous grapes. They had been
accused of not responding to negotiating "requests"
from UFWOC as have all other grape growers.
UFWOC representatives had been saying, and still
do, that growers would not let their workers vote on

By way of personal discussion with several of these
growers and the October 9, 1969 Cnogressional Record,
we find that the first objective of the UFWOC was

NE OF THE LEADING growers of the group noted that
he had agreed to about 64 negotiated points and
then found to his dismay the next morning that the

demands had changed and more were added: Again,
the real objective being to find a way to force all
farmers to force their workers to join UFWOC-hire
all farm workers through the union hiring hall-and
as Chavez boasted .... "Then we will be on our way
to getting, our heritage back." Please think about that

Incidentally, while I was "visiting" a picket line
recently near Delano at the time of Walter Reuther's
west coast union meeting in Bakersfield (32 miles from
Delano) and at which time he ordered 3 bus loads of
delegates for a day of picketing, I personally heard the
statement repeated in English, Spanish and Filipino:...
"Come on out of the fields our brothers and join our
comrades from Russia". Please do not let me close your
interest by mentioning this incident. I am not a red
flag waver, but on the other hand, I cannot forget that
I heard this plainly and repeatedly.

We cannot overlook the information as related by
Mr. Mathias, a California Representative in the Con-
gress of the United States: "They (the union) have
lied to the American people. They have deliberately
distorted fact. They have libeled the grape industry.
They demonstrated the most vicious irresponsibility the
agricultural community has ever witnessed".

OU IN FLORIDA have probably witnessed the kind
of handout sheets depicting a skull and cross bones
in the shape of a bunch of grapes. Chavez indicated
recently that he "would be willing to place a
moratorium on pesticide scares if he could gain a
contract"-thus indicating the strictly farcial nature
of the pesticide charge.

There are many facts and incidents that could be
noted, but for the moment should we agree that the
same style of attack by unions is taking place in the
meat industry and a host of other agricultural products
where the union has not been able to force workers into
their union? Should we also agree that certain other
segments of our society seem willing to become puppets
of the octopus-like-multi-million dollar financed unions
that cry freedom while their contracts and their union
controls result in other interpretations?

At this point we would tend to agree with the
Rev. Cletus Healy, S.J., who wrote this in a recent issue
of the National Catholic Press (after having been in
Delano, California) .... "The workers had no problems
until the rest of the world came in with solutions.
Now they have no peace." And to this we might
add, "It seems easy for the ivory tower experts to
prescribe for a problem they haven't examined, and if
they did they wouldn't understand".

This brings us to the PRINCIPLE. Chavez seems
to want the privileges and protections of the NLRA
plus the right to force farm employers, through the
boycott, into recognizing his UFWOC. Most farmers
agree that they are free to sell their own freedom, but
they are not about to sell the freedom of their employees.

California Farm Bureau Federation led out two years
ago in an educational program to test the opinion of
farmers concerning the question of collective bargaining
for agriculture. We found that first, the farmer would
rather NOT have such a law, but that if one became
necessary, we should NOT come under the provisions
of the NLRA with its long history of NRLB decisions.
Agriculture needed protection from the very things we
have been reviewing and the workers needed secret
balloting protection.
(Continued on page 14)

FloridAgriculture, December, 1969

Your Farm Bureau's Executive Officer Says:




SHe is talking about an erroneous opinion concerning insurance rates.
John C. Lynn
Executive Vice President
Florida Farm Bureau Federation

The 'California Plan' is not to blame

Mr Lynn has the following
"Your insurance companies are faced with constant changes taking
place within the industry and within the over-all economy of our country.
The criticism that rates are increasing must be tempered with the fact that
the cost of every thing that insurance pays for is also increasing and
usually at a more accelerated rate.
"Contrary to published reports, rates have gone up in Florida not be-
cause of the California rating plan which provides for free and open compe-
tition, but due to increased liability judgments, medical expenses, and cost
of repairing automobiles.
"The growth of the Florida Farm Bureau makes it imperative that we
increase our sales force to provide adequate service to meet the members'

to say about his above statement:
needs for insurance.
"The only promise that we can make is that we will provide a quality
product to members at cost. We have in effect been operating under the
so-called "California Plan" for years in that all earnings over and above
what it has taken to maintain a sound insurance program have been returned
to our members in the form of dividends. We do not charge any more
than the product costs. With your continued support and participation,
we will continue with this basic philosophy in planning for the future."
(Above statement is from Mr. Lynn's address to the recent annual conven-
tion of the FFBF in Panama City).


P.O. BOX 730

Gainesville, Florida, 32601






Consumer Education
A copy of the Farm Bureau press
release regarding an educational pro-
gram for consumers reached my desk
and I read it with real interest. The
purpose of this note is to thank you
for your comments with respect to
the meat inspection program and also
to compliment you for the vigorous
attitude you have displayed with re-
spect to this whole matter of foods.
The demagogues are rampart and
we need more people like yourself to
stand up and be counted when
Roy W. Lennartson,
Administrator, USDA
Consumer & Marketing Service
Washington, D.C.

O'Connell Responds
Thank you for your letter concern-
ing the remarks of Dr. Gladys M.
The opinions and conclusions as
expressed by Dr. Kammerer are
her own and do not reflect any atti-
tude or opinion of the University of
The excellent staff of IFAS is al-
ways willing and pleased to furnish
any citizen, including faculty, of any
of the facts and figures concerning
any aspect of agriculture as it per-
tains to this state and the nation. I
am certain that if what we are now
doing is insufficient, Dr. E. T. York
will give your suggestion every con-
This university's close association
with agriculture in this state is one
of which we are most proud. I am
confident that this close relationship
will continue and that the staff of
the University of Florida will co-
operate fully in getting the vital in-
formation concerning our agriculture
to the people of Florida.
Stephen C. O'Connell,
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida

Beef Boycott
I just want to take a few belated
minutes to write and commend you
for your article and letter that you
wrote a Mrs. Jan Stophlet concerning
her interest in Beef prices. I don't
believe I have ever read an article
concerning food prices and the rela-
tion they have to we as producers of
food that so well states and illus-
trates the real and true issues. It is
written in such a manner that anyone
can understand the true facts. I'm
sure you have been complemented on
Continued on page 17

FloridAgriculture, December, 1969

On November 24 Governor Claude R. Kirk signed a proclamation declaring
the week of December 5-12 as Farm Bureau Week in Florida. The proclama-
tion pointed out that agriculture is Florida's number one industry producing
more than $4.2 billion into the economy of the state. The Farm Bureau Week
coincides with the 50th Anniversary AFBF convention in Washington, D. C.,
which more than 100 FFBF county presidents, board members and others
are attending.

County Farm Bureau Presidents

Attending AFBF Convention

Fifty-five county Farm Bureau
presidents boarded a special Southern
Railways bus and a cavalcade of
automobiles at Gainesville, December
5 for a trip to the American Farm
Bureau Federation convention in
Washington, D.C.
With them were members of the
FFBF board of directors and FFBF
staff who made the trip.
This will be the largest contingent
of Florida farmers ever to attend an
AFBF convention.
Before leaving, a special ceremony
was held in front of the FFBF head-
quarters building at which a flag,
which had flown over the U.S. Capitol
was dedicated. The flag flies from
a pole in the center of a triangular-
shaped flower garden. Embedded in
the border of the flower garden are
slate markers inscribed with the names
of each county Farm Bureau com-
prising the Florida Farm Bureau
Following a special address by
Congressman Don Fuqua, county
presidents "dumped" a bucket of dirt
from their home county into the flower
bed as a symbol of unity.
On the way to Washington,. the
group stopped off in Columbia, S.C.
where they were guests of the South
Carolina Farm Bureau. The SCFB
entertained the presidents at a break-

fast held in the recently completed
7-story, modern headquarters build-
ing in Columbia.
While in the nation's capitol, the
Florida delegation toured the historic
sights and attended the various ses-
sions of the AFBF meeting including
special recognition ceremonies for
presidents whose counties increased
membership in 1969. Each of Flor-
ida's presidents were eligible for recog-
Small groups of Florida presi-
dents were invited to attend break-
fast meetings with other State Farm
Bureau delegations during the week-
long convention.
Florida Farm Bureau was slated to
play several major parts at the
national meeting. FFBF president
Walter Kautz presented AFBF presi-
dent Charles Shuman with a citrus
wood gavel with which to preside
over the delegate session and state
board member G. T. Hawkins assisted
FFBF through the Florida Flower
Association in decorating the con-
vention hall with blossoms from the
Sunshine State.
A particular highlight of the con-
vention was a speech delivered by
Florida's U.S. Senator Spessard Hol-
land at one of the main sessions of
the convention.

THE NEW FLORIDA FARM BUREAU BOARD OF DIRECTORS: (pictured on front steps of the organization's
state headquarters building at Gainesville) left to right, back row-Joe Crain, Hollister; Carl Edwards, Vernon; W. 0.
Hardy, Bonifay; Jack Allen, Umatilla, treasurer; Jack Gay, Palmetto; and Walter Kautz, Canal Point, president. Mid-
dle row, left to right: G. T. Hawkins, Ft. Myers, secretary; John Talton, Apopka; Alan Trask, Ft. Meade; Wilford
Croft, Lulu; anl Billy Hill, Jasper. Front row, left to right: Virgil Holtsclaw, Trenton; Walter Welkener, Jackson-
ville; Mrs. M. T. Crutchfield, Panama City, chairman FFBF's Women's committee; Mrs. Betty Frazier, Williston;
Forrest Davis, Quincy, vice president; E. H. Finlayson, Greenville and E. C. Rowell, Wildwood. (Not present when
picture was taken: Richard Finlay, Jay; Arthur E. Karst, Vero Beach and Robert L. Clark, Ft. Lauderdale.)

GRAPES (continued from page 9)

T HE RESULTS OF MANY meetings and organization
consultation led to the preparation of a model bill
for Collective Bargaining in Agriculture, with the
AFBF playing a leading role. To make the story
short, most of the model bill provisions have found
their way into the Murphy bill. While we do not
agree with all of the provisions of this bill, it does
come the closest to our point of view. Support for
Murphy bill is voiced in preference to the union
sponsored version, S.8-the latter just extending pro-
vision of the NRLA to agriculture.
In view of the union promise of all out attack on
agriculture, Mr. Allan Grant, President of California
Farm Bureau Federation would like to convey to you
these suggestions:
Every state Farm Bureau should develop a "Do's
and Don'ts" guide for farmers so that upon any labor
confrontation the farmer can follow a calm but effective
method of continuing his operation with the protection
of law and the assistance of related agriculture. Anger

that we find foremost among us when confronted with
labor problems, produces nothing, but error.
Seek to improve farmer management.
Provide for a sound method of communication
among farmers so that rumor and deliberate planted
information is checked out and scotched before damage
is done. Have the means to circulate positive informa-
tion to farmers and to the news media through a select-
ed spokesman so that off-hand remarks by many do not
come back to haunt us.
Develop the "how" to move products under labor
Continue to provide the facts today and under-
stand that this boycott is not just a grape boycott but
a national problem.
That Chavez told President Grant personally, .
"he wanted ALL farmers in the union and then the
workers would totally control".

FloridAgriculture, December, 1969

Christma 1969

Goodies, Safety and an Angel Under the Tree

Holiday Cookies
Ingredients: 3 cups sifted flour;
1 cup firmly packed brown sugar;
1 1/2 teaspoons ground cinnamon;
1/2 to 1 teaspoon ground ginger; 1/
teaspoon ground cloves; 1/ teaspoon
nutmeg; 1/ teaspoon baking powder;
1 cup margarine; 2 eggs, slightly
Sift flour, sugar, baking powder
and spices into mixing bowl. Cut
in margarine until mixture resembles
fine crumbs. Stir in eggs and ex-
tract until smooth dough forms. Chill.
Roll out dough, 1/3 at a time, to
1/8-inch thickness on floured board.
Cut into 5-inch rounds, using a large
cutter. Place on ungreased cookie
sheet. Bake in 375 degrees F. (moder-
ate) oven until edges are very
lightly browned, 10 to 12 minutes.
Makes about 11% dozen 5-inch cookies.
Frost with Decorator's Frosting.
Decorator's Frosting (Butter Cream
Type): Combine 1 cup softened
margarine with 1 pound sifted con-
fectioners sugar, beating until smooth.
Chill 30 minutes. Mix in desired
coloring. Use in decorating tube. If
frosting becomes too stiff, blend in a
few drops of water.

Dangerous Time, Too
Christmas Eve is the most danger-
ous time of the year! Statistics
prove that during the last six hours
of Christmas Eve you're ten times
more likely to have a fatal traffic
accident than during any normal
evening of the year. On Christmas
Eve many people are tired and in a
great hurry-rushing through last
minute shopping, dashing home from
a late office party, or roaring along
the highway to cover the last few
miles of a long trip home for the
Safety experts point out that hurry
and fatigue cause carelessness, and
carelessness often leads to tragedy.
To avoid needless disaster, always
leave in plenty of time to reach
your destination safely; never exceed
the legal speed or drive too fast for
hazardous conditions; be especially
alert for the mistakes of others and
don't drive after drinking. To insure
a happy holiday season, be certain
you drive in a safe, sane and sober

Make This Angel for Christmas

You can make her in five simple
steps. You will need lightweight
cardboard, Reynolds Wrap, news-
paper, tape, styrofoam ball, wire or
small pencil, two pipe cleaners, tissue
paper, adhesive tape and pins. (1)
Make wings. Cover both sides of
cardboard with Reynolds Wrap using
rubber cement to adhere foil. Sketch
two wings on foil cardboard. (2)
Make body. Use six page thickness
of newspaper. Form a cone and seal
it with tape to make it firm. Wrap
foil around cone, smoothing to keep
in place and securing ends with rub-
ber cement. (3) Make head. Use
styrofoam ball. Tint with powder
and rouge. Cut eyelids out of blue
paper. Cut eyelashes from foil. Cut
mouth out of pink paper. Paste eye-
lids, lashes and mouth on face. (4)
Put angel together: use a straight
wire, forming hook at one end and
force through top of head and then
into body. Make small holes in
upper part of body and insert pipe
cleaners to form arms. Glue to secure
and wind ends with flesh-tinted- ad-
hesive tape for hands. Attach wings
with pins. (5) Fix her hair. Wind
angel hair around the top of head.
Attach with pins. Use hair spray.

rl~I) I sI



Set. No.

15-pc., 1A" sq. drive
11-pc., 3/4" sq. drive
11-pc., 3%" sq. drive
8-pc., %" sq. drive
16-pc., %" sq. drive
24-pc., %" & %" sq. drive
17-pc., /%" sq. drive
9-pc., %" sq. drive
17-pc., I sq. drive

5-pc. open end
7-pc. open end
5-pc. combination
6-pc. combination
10-pc. combination
5-pc. Box



FloridAgriculture, December, 1969

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FloridAgriculture, December, 1969


Some Year-end Tax Tips

This is the time of year when many
Florida farmers are concerned about
the devastating results that can come
from frost or taxes or both. We have
very little control over the weather,
but there are certain steps that can
be taken before the close of the year
to manage taxes, even your tax load
from year to year, and pay the low-
est rate of tax each year. This is
an especially significant year which
will need very careful tax planning,
because Congress is studying the
overall tax structure and many peo-
ple predict there will be important
changes-especially in the field of

There is one change that will most
likely be effective, retroactive to
April 19, 1969, concerning the elim-
ination of investment credit. It is
not possible at this time to know
how the final revision law will read,
but very likely you will be able to
get an investment credit only on
those items purchased or contracted
for before April 19, 1969.
Other tax changes that appear to
be in the making include: deprecia-
tion, treatment of the sale of assets,
and the surtax. It is predicted that
the more rapid rates of depreciation,
such as double declining balance, will
not be allowed in the new bill; there-
fore, this may be the last year you
are allowed to set up items under
this method of depreciation.

The treatment of capital gains will
most likely be more restrictive in
1970 than in 1969. For example,
breeding livestock and livestock used
for production, such as dairy, will
probably have to be held two years
instead of the present 12 months in
order to claim long-term capital gain
or loss. Also, the maximum tax on
long-term gains is likely to increase
from 25 percent to 30 percent.

The surtax is supposed to extend
only through June 30 at the rate
of 5 percent. This indicates that
1969 taxes on ordinary income will
probably be greater than in 1970.
Therefore, you might want to delay
some of your 1969 income until 1970
if possible. At the same time, it
may be to your advantage to bring
capital gains income into 1969 as
much as possible because of the
previously-mentioned changes. An-
other reason for trying to defer
ordinary income to 1970 is that ef-

FloridAgriculture, December, 1969

forts are being made to increase the
dependency exemption from $600 to
$1,000 and to allow a tax credit for
college tuition.

There are other things, of course,
that you can do near the end of the
year to lower your taxes. Paying
off accounts payable, if you are on
a cash basis of accounting, is one
example. Even if you have to borrow
money to pay a large account, you
may still save far more in taxes than
the interest will cost you for the
period of time you keep the loan.
You can aslo buy additional items
such as feed and fertilizer near the
end of the year which will be included
in this year's operating expenses.
However, there is only a limited ad-
vantage to buying additional equip-
ment at the close of the year espe-
cially since you will probably not
be able to get investment credit on
equipment and there would be little,
if any, regular depreciation. Remem-
ber though, there is still the pos-
sibility of claiming some additional
20 percent first-year depreciation on
the items which qualify.

The time that you spend going over
your records this year and estimat-
ing what your profit will be prior to
the end of the year (so that you can
make adjustments) may return you
hundreds of dollars. The Farm Rec-
ords Division is now preparing to
send clients using the Farm Bureau
Record Service estimates of what
their profits will be for 1969 so that
this can be used in managing their
taxes for 1969. The Records Service
will also be making other tax sug-
gestions to those who need additional

This is the time of year for you
to consider the tax problems for 1969
and also the time to consider using
the Florida Farm Bureau Farm Rec-
ords Division services during 1970.
You will be in a better position to
handle the tax problems next year
at this time if you are a good records
keeper. Contact your local County
Farm Bureau office if you would
like additional information on this
program. They will be happy to get
in touch with us.

Farm Census Slated

For January '70
The 1969 Census of Agriculture may
count fewer than three million farm-
ers for the first time since 1870.
After reaching a peak of 6.8 mil-
lion farms in 1935, each farm census
conducted by the Bureau of the Cen-
sus has shown a steady decline. The
1964 census count was 3.2 million,
a decrease of about 553,000 from the
1959 count.
The smallest decrease in any five-
year period since 1935 was 238,000
from 1940 to 1945. A comparable
drop in the period between 1964 and
1969 would bring the total below 3
The decrease in the number of
farms has been accompanied by an
increase in size, although there has
been a slight reduction in the total
amount of land being farmed. The
average acreage in 1964 was 352, an
increase of 49 acres over 1959 and
109 acres larger than in 1954.
The 1969 census will be the first
to be conducted entirely by mail.
Questionnaires will be mailed to a
master list of farms early in January
1970 and farmers will be asked to
return them by mail.
The census will also determine the
value of land and buildings, crop
land harvested, acreage of irrigated
land, acreage in major crops and num-
bers of principal kinds of livestock.
Other items include asking for oper-
ators by age, value of farm concerned,
the number of farm products sold, the
amount of time farm operators work
off the farm, income from recreational
use of land, and a number of autos,
trucks, tractors, combines and corn
Among questions to be asked of
operators with expected sales of
$5,500 and over are number of reg-
ular workers, acres fertilized, and the
amount of dry and liquid fertilizer

Continued from page 13
this article, but I feel that the right
people, the public should" read your
work. I would like to see this very
same article published in daily news-
papers, so the house wife can read
and understand what is going on.
Nathan C. Sandler
1455 Riverbirch La.
Jacksonville, Florida

(Editor's note: Letters for publica-
tion in above column should be sent
to Florida Farm Bureau Federation,
4350 SW 13th St., Gainesville, Flor-
ida 32601.)


As YOU READ this column 55
county Farm Bureau presidents
and other Florida Farm Bureau
leaders will be on their way to
the Nation's Capitol to participate
in the celebration of the Farm
Bureau's 50th anniversary.
During this 50 years Farm
Bureau has grown from a very
few individual farmers in Illinois
and New York to an organization
in 1969 of over 1,850,000 member
families and 2,812 county Farm
Bureaus in 49 states and Puerto
Rico. Florida is proud to be a
member of this great team.
What has made Farm Bureau
the farm organization most
highly respected in the United
States today? There are many
contributing factors but perhaps
the basic one is that Farm Bureau
policy decisions are made by
the members. The members are
provided a mechanism through
the county Farm Bureau by
which they are encouraged to
express their viewpoints and their
Florida has 64 organized county
Farm Bureaus, 57 of these have
county offices, 52 county Farm
Bureaus own their office facilities.
The question that we should
constantly ask ourselves is,
"What do you want to do with
your Farm Bureau?"

EDITORIAL OFFICE: 4350 SW 13th Street,
Gainesville, Florida 32601. Telephone 905-378-
1321. Editor: Al Alsobrook

Subscriptions: $5 a year (nine issues) in
continental U.S. Elsewhere $10. a year.

Executive Vice President: Charles Blair, Di-
rector, Field Services Division; John Anderson,
Edward Shadd, Jerry Pitts, Larry Sullivan,
Ham Spillmann, Assistant Directors of Field
Services: Alvin V. Alsobrook, Director, In-
formation Division; Dennis Emerson, Stuart
Jones, Assistant Directors of Information;
Kent Doke, Commodity Division; Edward R.
Yawn, Research Director; Roland Farring,
Safety Director; T. K. McClane, Legislative

Florida has recently gone
through a period of policy
development and has a very
clear set of guide lines for
programs and activities for 1970.
The question again is "What will
be the part of your local Farm
Bureau in giving real meaning
to this program?"

During this half century
America in agriculture has
become a model of productivity
and efficiency on which all of
the world looks. Five percent of
our population produces the food
and fiber for 200,000,000
Americans plus 60,000,000
foreign consumers. By this
great development, U. S.
consumers have an abundant
supply of food at reasonable
prices. Food costs, as a
percentage of the average of the
housewife's budget, are the
lowest in our history.

Yes, farmers have made a real
contribution to this great
American success story. What
is the role of Farm Bureau
as we look to the next fifty years?
We believe the future is very
bright. There are many
opportunities in the space age
as we look ahead. Let's
make sure we are utilizing the
great mechanism of Farm Bureau
as we look to new horizons.

President: Walter J. Kautz, Canal Point; Vice
President: Forrest Davis, Quincy; Secretary: G.
T. Hawkins, Naples; Treasurer: J. S. Allen,
Jr., Umatilla; Executive Vice President: John
C. Lynn, Gainesville. Directors: Dist. 1-
Richard Finlay, Jay; Dist. 2-W. O. Hardy,
Bonifay; Dist. 3-Carl Edwards, Vernon; Dist.
4-Forrest Davis, Jr., Quincy; Dist. 5-E. H.
Finlayson, Greenville; Dist. 6-Billy Hill,
Jasper; Dist. 7-Walter Welkener, Jackson-
ville; Dist. 8-Wilford Croft, Lulu; Dist. 9-
Virgil Holtsclaw, Trenton; Dist. 10-Joseph
B. Crain, Hollister; Dist. 11-E. C. Rowell,
Wildwood; Dist. 12-J. S. Allen, Jr., Uma-
tilla; Dist. 13-John Talton, Apopka; Dist. 14-
Alan Trask, Ft. Meade; Dist. 15-Jack Gay,
Palmetto; Dist. 16-G. T. Hawkins, Ft.
Myers; Dist. 17-Walter Kautz, Canal Point;
Dist. 18-Arthur E. Karst, Vero Beach; Dist.
19-Robert L. Clark, Jr., Ft. Lauderdale;
Women Directors, State at Large-Mrs. M. T.
Crutchfield, Panama City; Mrs. Jack Frazier,




Executive Vice President
Florida Farm Bureau Federation

FloridAgriculture, December, 1969

, What better


Ip With

A highlight of the 1969 AFBF con-
vention was the performance by the
cast of "Up with People."
"Up with People" is a musical
show, but far more, it is an organiza-
tion of young people who have trav-
elled throughout the world showing
others that all U.S. youngsters aren't
like the ones they read about in the
newspapers or have seen on television.
What do they do? They sing. Old
songs, new songs, the kind people
"Up with People" has performed
in 48 states, in over 1200 high schools
and colleges, at nearly 100 military
bases and have sung in the Hollywood
Bowl, Carnegie Hall, in New York
and Constitution Hall in Washington.
They have appeared in more than
45 foreign countries and have sung
before the King and Queen of Bel-
gium and Pope Paul VI.
FloridAgriculture, December, 1969 19

than to guarantee your family's way of life
no matter what the future brings.

A SFB life insurance plan will guarantee
money for your future. Use it for your re-
tirement, for your children's education, for
living expenses if you should become dis-
abled, or for the continuation of your family's
way of life in the event of your death. No
matter how you use it, you'll always be glad
it's handy.

A few minutes spent with your SFB man
today could make the difference tomorrow
... for you and your family.

(-- t JThe company
LM E '3 that cares"
Life Insurance Company

way to say

- "I care..."

A R 32601 01

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