Title: Florida agriculture
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075932/00019
 Material Information
Title: Florida agriculture
Physical Description: v. : illus. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Farm Bureau Federation
Publisher: Florida Farm Bureau Federation.
Place of Publication: Gainesville etc
Frequency: monthly (except june, july and aug.)[19]
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 9- 1950-
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075932
Volume ID: VID00019
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01375465
lccn - sn 78001276
issn - 0015-3869
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Preceded by: Bulleltin

Full Text


S. Univ. of Florida



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Atlas' batteries have long been a favorite of southern farmers. Quick-starting and sure power is
built into every Atlas battery. They are designed with extra-heavy plates, dual insulation, plus
Perma-ful protection to insure long and trouble-free service. Let your Standard man show you
the complete line of Atlas batteries. Learn why he says, "We take better care of your equipment."
*Trademark Atlas, Reg.U.S.Poa.Off., Atlas Supply Co.

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Notice of change of address should be sent not less
than four weeks prior to the date the change becomes ef-
fective. Send the address label from one of the issues
you've just received, which shows code numbers to help
make the change promptly, along with the new address.
Send to:

Circulation Dept., Florida Agriculture
4350 SW 13th St., Gainesville, Florida 32601


of interest to farmers.

April 8-10. West Fla. Cattle Show and Sale.
April 11-15. Levy County Fair. Williston.
April 13. Am. Chemical Society, annual meet,
April 13. Horse Show, sponsored by 4-H. Bay
County Fairgrounds, Panama City.
Apr. 15. FFBF board meeting, Tallahassee.
April 16. Dairy Feed Conf. Boston.
April 18. Feeder Pig Sale, Madison.
Apr. 18, 19. 4-H Dist. 9 week-end meet, Camp
Cloverleaf, Lake Placid.
April 21. Harvest Festival. Immokalee.
April 22-24. Annual meet, Animal Health Inst.
Arlington, Va.
Apr. 23, 24. 25. Annual Fla. Turf-Grass Trade
Show, Orlando.
April 25. Spec. Feeder Pig Sale. Ocala.
April 26. Cracker Day. Fairgrounds. DeLand.
Apr. 29-May 2. Annual Festival of Florida Foods.
May 3. Agricultural Career Day, University of
Fla. Gainesville.
May 7. Annual Soil Science Foundation luncheon.
Mayo Hall, Winter Haven, 12:30 noon. (See
item on page 18.)
May 8, 9. Poultry Breeders of America, Annual
Convention, Kansas City.
May 10. 4-H Events Day, Cherry Lake Camp,
Madison County.
May 12, 13, 14. Annual Poultry Institute,
Gainesville. (See page 19.)
May 13, 14. Sixth annual Fla. Dairy Production
Conference, University of Fla., Gainesville.
May 17. FSU Flying Circus. Fla. Field. Gaines-
May 18, 19, 20. Annual Conv. & Trade Show,
Fla. Seedsmen, St. Petersburg.
May 18-24. Old Spanish Trail Festival and Rodeo.
May 27, 28. Annual meet, Am. Feed Mfg. Ass'n,
Kansas City.
May 25-28. N. Amer. Charolais Classic Show,
Columbus. Ohio.
June 3, 4. So. Fla. Citrus Institute, Camp Clo-
verleaf, Lake Placid.
June 21. Watermelon Festival. Chipley.
July. 8. Quarterly meeting, FFBF board of direc-
tors, Gainesville.
June 9-13. State Convention, FFA, Daytona Beach.
Oct. 26, 27 28. Annual state convention, FFBF,
Panama City.
Oct. 29, 30. Annual DARE conference, University
Fla., Gainesville.
The following are all-expense tours. Dates are
beginning and end of each tour:
April 24-June 5. South Pacific.
April 29-May 29. Spain, Portugal, Morocco.
May 4-26. Hawaii.
May 21-June 19. Scandinavia.
June 9-25 Alaska.
August 6-20. Hawaii.
Sept. 25-Oct. 22. New England Fall Foliage tour.
Oct. 11-Nov. 7. Japan, Taiwan, Hong Kong,
Nov. 21-Dec. 5. Farm Bureau Grand Cruise of
Caribbean. (See story opposite page and page
17 for information coupon.)
All details (even tips) handled by experienced,
qualified people. Go alone, as a couple or take
non-Farm Bureau friends along. For free brochure
& information write Hugh C. Waters, Farm Bureau
Tours, P.O. Box 7605, Orlando, Fla. 32804.

Vol. 28, No. 4, April, 1969
Established 1943. Published monthly except
June, July and August for the Florida Farm
Bureau Federation by Cody Publications,
Kissimmee, Florida. Second c'ass postage
paid at Kissimmee, Florida 32741. Editor,
Hugh Waters. Office Manager, Ruth Sloan.
Telephone (305) 423-4163.
Send change of address to Florida Farm
Bureau, 4350 SW 13th St., Gainesville,
Florida 32601.

2 Florida Agriculture, April, 1969

Farm Bureau's recommended farm pro-
gram, based on policies adopted by vot-
ing delegates last December in Kansas
City, has been drafted in bill form and
will have been introduced by the time
you read this. It's quite a departure
from former policies, and each farmer
and voter should familiarize himself with
the contents of this program. It has a lot
of solid support in the Congress, and it
just may turn out to be the program
farmers will be working under starting
in the early 70's. It also has considerable
support in the USDA, particularly the
chief economists, Don Paarlberg.
Essentially, it's a phase-out program
putting farmers on notice that the cur-
rent programs would be de-escalated over
a five-year period. Feed grains, wheat
and cotton are the main targets, and the
phase out would cover direct payments,
acreage control, base acres, marketing
quotas and millers' wheat certificate pay-
ments-the guts of current programs.
Starting on 1971 crops, Farm Bureau

During the current session, FFBF's
Legislative Headquarters will be at
Apt. B-6, Villa Cortez, 1836 Jackson
Bluff Road, Tallahassee.

plan calls for cutting the direct payments
by 20% each following year until 1975
when it would be ended completely.
Support loans would be set at 85% of
previous three-year market.
Along with a phase out, Farm Bureau
has a plan for non-commercial farmers;
those who gross no more than $5,000 and
have $2,000 or less off-farm income. The
current Cropland Adjustment Program
would be revived and used to fund land
retirement of about 10 million acres a
year for five years. Also, payments
would be made for permanently cancell-
ing acreage allotments. Low income
farmers would be given retraining grants
up to $1,000, "adjustment" aid of up to
$5,000 in government loans to help find
new jobs.
On the national scene otherwise, the
Administration and the Congress are still
waiting for each other to act. The re-
sult is, of course, that very little is oc-
curring in Washington. Apparently,
Secretary Hardin and, of course, Farm
Bureau also had hoped that the Congress
would take the lead in initiating any
farm legislation. It appears now that
eventually Congress will demand that the
Secretary come up with his own ideas
and plans.
All farmers, as well as everybody else
in agriculture, should realize that one of

Florida Agriculture, April, 1969

the major problems, nationwide, is air and
water pollution. They should also real-
ize that this problem is on the minds of
lawmakers as well as citizens generally,
and we can expect a continued rash of
proposals to alleviate these problems.
Almost every state who has a legislature
meeting this year is receiving all kinds
of air and water pollution control mea-
sures. They vary from mild measures,
such as the proposal of the State De-
partment of Agriculture's Pesticide Tech-
nical Committee (Committee substitute
for HB 87), which I explained last
month, to proposals that would out-right
ban the use of certain pesticides. As a
matter of fact, a representative of the
Governor's Air and Water Pollution Com-
mittee recommended the complete ban of
DDT, chlordane, lindane, aldrin, diel-
drin, and a couple of other pesticides.
It's practically certain, in my opinion,
that one or more pesticide control bills
will be enacted this year by the Florida
legislature. My recommendation is that
we accept legislation that we can live
with because we are going to have to
take something, and oppose those mea-
sures which are so stringent that we can-
not operate under such laws. This is
true of nearly every state in the Union,
and in addition, Congress is receiving
proposals every day that would place
some additional curb on the use of many
of the pesticides which farmers must have
if they are going to successfully produce
their crops.
If you are interested in where your
Federal Income Tax money goes, study
the table at the bottom of this paragraph.
Federal spending in the year beginning
July 1, 1969 will total $202.2 billion,
according to current budget estimates.
The money will be spent in these 12
categories says Bureau of Budget.
Amount % of
Total federal spending $202.2 billion
National defense 81.7 billion 40.4%
Health and welfare 55.0 billion 27.2%
Interest 17.0 billion 8.4%
Commerce & transportation 9.1 billion 4.5%
Veterans 8.2 billion 4.1%
Education and manpower 7.9 billion 3.9%
Agriculture 5.2 billion 2.6%
Space 4.0 billion 2.0%
International 4.0 billion 2.0%
Natural resources 3.7 billion 1.8%
General government 3.6 billion 1.8%
Community development
& housing 2.8 billion 1.4%
Maybe you will be surprised, as I was,
to learn that national defense, health and
welfare and interest on the national debt
total $153.7 billion, or 76% of the total
federal spending; and that health and
welfare account for 27.2%, more than
one-fourth of the total federal spending.
I wonder what our "thrifty" ancestors
would say about this.



T. K. McClane, Jr., Director, FFBF Legislative Dept.

"No Fault" Insurance, page 4
Annual Farm Tour, page 5
Catfish Farming, page 5
Soil Science Meeting, page 5
Food Costs Down Again, page 6
Florida Near Top, page 6
All Potato Luncheon, page 7
Citrus Committee Meets, page 7
Volusia's Cracker Day, page 9
Miss America In Florida, page 12
Farm Youth Are Praised, page 13
Peaches 'N Ice Cream, page 15
plus regular Farm Bureau features
on pages 3, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15
& 18.

You are now reading one yourself.
Try a small ad like this in next
issue and it will go into the homes of
over 39,000 Florida farm families.

Mrs. Grete Cartier, Farm Bureau tour
manager, who is handling reservations
for the forthcoming "Grand Cruise of
the Caribbean" advises FA readers that
the tour is very near a complete sell-out.
"A similar tour several years ago was
sold out far ahead of departure and it
looks like this one is even more popu-
lar," she said. The Farm Bureau has
the SS Brasil, world famous cruise ship,
under exclusive charter for the Carib-
bean tour, which leaves Ft. Lauderdale
November 21 for a 14-day tour of nine
islands with 14 shore excursions. The
ship serves as a "floating resort" hotel
with top-flight entertainment and excel-
lent meals during the tour, Mrs. Cartier
added. For information, brochure and
price schedule write Farm Bureau Tours,
Box 7605, Orlando, Florida 32804.


By Preston H. Gough, Executive Vice President
Florida Farm Bureau Mutual Insurance Company

The question of how to compensate
automobile accident victims in the most
equitable manner possible is a subject of
increased concern. The Farm Bureau
Companies, together with other inde-
pendent companies in the United States,
are taking a constructive and realistic
approach toward finding the proper so-
lution to this problem.
We believe that our long-established
system of liability based on fault can
be streamlined and improved to better
meet the needs of the American public.
To this end we are engaged in an in-
tensive study of the entire system. Var-
ious government agencies at both the
state and Federal level have undertaken
similar studies, and we stand ready to
work with them in bringing about needed
improvements while preserving the con-
cept of personal responsibility in auto-
mobile accidents.
Unfortunately, a few people with an
interest in this same problem have chosen
to take a radical approach-an approach
that bears grave and costly consequences
for every farmer in this nation, and for
all other responsible individuals who own
and operate a motor vehicle on our
They have announced a proposal that
would completely eliminate the present
fault liability system and replace it with
a no-fault auto insurance scheme.
There would be no parity for the
farmer under the discriminatory provi-
sions of such a plan.
Actuaries for the National Association
of Independent Insurers-in whose ac-
tivities our company has long partici-
pated-estimate that the farmer's auto-
mobile insurance rates would at least
double under a no-fault program.
The reasons are not difficult to un-
The farmer's automobile accident and
claim experience, because of his location
and the economic environment in which
he lives, is much lower than that of his
city brother. His accident exposure is
less, car repair costs are lower, medical
and hospital bills are smaller.
These factors are all taken into con-
sideration under our existing system of

liability based upon fault, and the farmer
is properly rewarded. But under a no-
fault system, the farmer would be
charged for all the accidents he is in-
volved in and not just those he is re-
sponsible for. Through an averaging-
out process, he would be the victim of
senseless discrimination.

"One nice thing about the horse: De-
troit couldn't, make yours obsolete
before it was paid for."-Orlando

There are other drawbacks to a no-
fault plan that are even more serious
than the inequity just described. Such
a plan would strip away vital rights from
traffic accident victims and shift the bur-
den of responsibility in traffic accidents
from the guilty to the innocent.
A no-fault scheme also would:
Give uninsured, guilty drivers involved in acci-
dents insurance benefits paid for by insured
Force a car owner carrying collision insurance
to pay the deductible loss himself (generally $50
or more), even when he is the innocent victim; if
he had no collision insurance, he would have to
pay the entire loss out of his own pocket. Saddle
car owners who have families-especially large
families-with a bigger share of the premium
burden than they now bear.
Provide premium cuts for the hot-rodder, the
speeder, the drunk and the reckless driver.
Make owners of commercial vehicles immune
from law suits and shift most of their insurance
costs onto the shoulders of the private passenger
car owners.
Undermine traffic safety efforts.
Under a no-fault system as commonly
proposed, nothing would be paid for pain
and suffering, and little or nothing for
other types of non-economic loss.
Consider the example of a little girl
who loses a hand in an accident with a
drunken driver. If her medical bills ran
to $500, under one scheme being offered
she would be allowed half that amount-
or the grand total of $250 for pain and
suffering. So for struggling along with
one hand through the rest of her life-
and carrying this heavy burden through
school, college, marriage, motherhood-

she would be paid $250 in damages.
In return for such wholesale depriva-
tion of benefits, proponents of the com-
pensation programs predict that premium
savings may be possible. We are con-
vinced those predictions are illusory.
The independents, which include the
Farm Bureau companies, have saved the
American motoring public tens of mil-
lions of dollars in premiums over the
past 20 years. We are accomplishing
this not by taking away the people's
long-established rights of recovery, but
by holding down costs through efficiency
in operations; by opposing fraudulent
claims; by controlling the myriad factors
influencing claims costs, and by stepping
up the attack on automobile accidents,
which are the root cause of spiraling
insurance losses.
Sponsors of the no-fault scheme have
tried to create the impression that their
program has received a one-sided en-
dorsement. This is hardly the case.
Some newspaper editorials have sup-
ported the idea; others have opposed it;
most have taken a neutral stand. Some
of the criticism has been harsh.
The New York Daily News, for example, minced
no words. It forthrightly declared: "The insur-
ance companies should give this plan the
most careful scrutiny before so much as touching
it with a 10-foot pole, let alone adopting it!"
A number of government officials and spokes-
men for agents' groups also have been quite
explicit in their negative reaction to the plan,
and in at least one state a governor and an in-
surance commissioner who advocated such a plan
went down to defeat in last November's elections.
The independent companies recognize
that some imperfections exist and war-
rant remedial action. But these short-
comings do not call for scrapping the
basic fault concept under which our so-
ciety has operated for centuries-a con-
cept holding wrongdoers responsible for
their negligence.

Our observations from first-hand deal-
ings over a period of many years con-
vince us that the public wants the pro-
tection provided by the fault system. It
wants to retain the right to sue for dam-
ages. And it wants the wrongdoer held
responsible for his actions behind the
wheel of a car.

Automation Helps Solve Dairy Processing Problem
Complete automation of cleaned-in-place (CIP) sys- The modifications permit CIP cleaning of all milk pro-
tems for processing lines and equipment used in fluid cessing lines and equipment as a complete unit-from raw
milk plants is now possible, the U. S. Department of Ag- milk tanks, through the pasteurizer, to the pasteurized
riculture reports. milk storage tanks and packaging equipment. Also, none
An important component of milk processing equipment of the equipment needs to be disassembled.
-the flow-diversion value-was recently redesigned by in- Formerly, two components-the flow-diversion valve
dustry. This opened the door for USDA's Agricultural and the homogenizer-had to be taken apart and cleaned
Research Service and the Missouri Agricultural Experi- separately. This required costly man hours, promoted ex-
ment Station, Columbia, to cooperatively modify electrical cessive wear and tear on expensive equipment, and the
wiring in the control system used in processing fluid milk. CIP system was still not fully automatic.


AFBF President Charles B. Shuman,
who will be guest speaker at the 30th
annual meeting of the Soil Science Foun-
dation, Inc. in Winter Haven May 7. He
will discuss "The Importance of Private
Research to Agriculture." Arthur E.
Karst, FFBF president, will introduce
Mr. Shuman. The foundation's presi-
dent, A. R. Updike, Jr., will preside over
the meeting. Luncheon will be served at
12:30 noon at Mayo Auditorium. Tickets
are being sold at $2.00 each by writing
directly to the Soil Science Foundation's
offices at 1305 East Main St., Lakeland
33801. Dr. 0. C. Bryan, technical direc-
tor, said that "since the capacity of the
auditorium will be limited it is necessary
that reservations be made as early as
possible and no later than May 2." (Ed-
itor's note: see Mr. Karst's article in last
month's issue for more information about
Soil Science Foundation.)

Should Family Farms
Be Preserved?
By Ed Curan, editor
USDA Farm Paper Letter
It has been argued that America's
family farms must be preserved be-
cause they serve as veritable bas-
tions of moral consciousness, neigh-
borliness, honesty, industry, depend-
ability and efficiency that have
made them the very backbone of
Yet the most forceful argument
for their preservation involves none
of these virtues, according to Pur-
due University Ag. Economist Paul
L. Farris. It is that of supporting
decentralized decision-making and
diffused economic power in the or-
ganization of our society.

New Farm Dollars

"Catfish farming-a new multi-million
dollar agricultural enterprise-is opening
up economic opportunities for many rural
people in the Southern United States."
The above is from a recent bulletin
published by the USDA which also said:
"Catfish farming-a new multi-million
dollar agricultural enterprise-is opening
up economic opportunities for many peo-
ple in the southern United States.
"Farmers, who in the past planted a
few catfish in their farm ponds just for
the fun of it, are discovering that with a
little management they can raise a prof-
itable crop of fish every year.
"Those who have gone into commercial
catfish farming are producing as much
as 1,200 to 1,600 pounds of fish per acre
of water with net returns of from $70
to $250 per. acre.
"Catfish farming got its start in the
early 1960's and has grown steadily ever
since. Although heavily concentrated in
Arkansas and Mississippi, commercial
fish farming now extends from Florida
to Texas and as far north as Kansas
and Missouri."
Another report from the Agricultural
Extension Service at the University of
Florida gives further statistics on the
subject of catfish farming.
Tony Jensen, Extension Service For-

"And so we plough along, as the
fly said to the ox."-Henry Wads-
worth Longfellow.

ester, said that there are some 9,000 com-
mercial fish farms in the nation and that
they produce "a great deal of the 50
million pounds of catfish eaten every year
in the U.S."
Mr. Jensen points out that the indus-
try dates back to 500 B.C. when the
Chinese cultivated carp and goldfish.
Side benefits of the fish farm industry
will mean, he further states, that for
every 1,000,000 pounds of fish produced
somebody will have to grow and process
two million pounds of feed since the
main ingredients of fish food are soybean
oil meal and peanut cake it will take
14,538 bushels of soybeans and 700 tons
of peanuts to make enough feed for a
million pounds of fish.
The typical catfish farm, according to
Mr. Jensen, consists of about 20 acres
of surface water divided into about eight
ponds ranging from one to four acres in
size. A few large scale operators have as
high as 400 acres under water. The cat-
fish, primarily channel and blue species,
are marketed through fish markets.
Farmers, who in the past planted a
few catfish in their farm ponds just for
the fun of it, are discovering that with
a little management they can raise a prof-
itable crop of fish each year, the Forester

Florida Agriculture, April, 1969

Scenes like this took place at the re-
cent agricultural tour held in Collier
County and described below.

Annual Farm Tour Held
in Collier County
City residents and tourists became
farmers for a day April 9 when they
toured the agricultural area of Collier
County. Air-conditioned buses like those
pictured above left the Public Shopping
Center in Naples at 9 a.m. and returned
in the late afternoon, after a guided tour
of farms that grow gladioli, tomatoes,
peppers, potatoes and corn, as well as
citrus groves and cattle ranches.
Mrs. Jane G. Norman, coordinator of
publicity for the Naples Chamber of Com-
merce describes the annual agricultural
tour as follows:
"The two population centers of Collier
County are separated by more than just
forty miles of road. Their residents have
different outlooks and different econo-
mies. The town of Immokalee is com-
pletely agriculture oriented. Naples is
a luxurious resort and geared to the
"The Collier County Agricultural tour
was conceived to give the city resident
a closer look at the magnitude of the
farming operation in the county and the
problems peculiar to the farmer.
"Conversely it was hoped the farmers
would learn to look with more favor on
the likes and dislikes of his city cousins.
"Eight years ago, the first tour was
conducted in private cars with a charge
made only for the lunch in Immokalee.
The sponsors were astonished at the in-
terest when a caravan formed over one
half mile long. The resulting delays
when inexperienced drivers met unim-
proved farm roads gave rise to different
plans for the second year's tour.
In subsequent years the first 250-300
people who buy tour tickets are taken to
the fields on air conditioned buses. Over
one third of the tickets are sold by mail
in a week after the tour is announced and
the rest go within a few hours of being
put on public sale."



performances, the circus strong man rode
out on horseback to challenge a farmer
whose great strength had gained him a
tremendous local reputation. As the
circus man dismounted and tied up his
horse, the farmer approached, "I've heard
you were the strongest man in the area,"
the visitor explained, "but I just thought
I'd ride out and see which of us is the
stronger." Without saying a word the
farmer just grabbed the circus strongman
and threw him over the fence. When the
fellow had picked himself up, the farmer
said, "Do you have anything else to say
to me?" "No," the strong man panted,
"but perhaps you'd be kind enough to
throw me my horse." From Pageant

CURIOUS COWS were blinded last
month in New Zealand. It seems that
herds of cows are attracted by
construction of a natural gas pipeline
across the rich Taranaki dairy lands on
that island. Some of the cows stood too
long watching welders joining the steel
pipes. The blinding light caused some of
them to lose their sight according to a
recent news item which quoted the New
Zealand minister of electricity as saying:
"Nobody seemed to appreciate that
Taranaki dairy cows, and for that matter,
all other herds of cows along the pipeline
are endowed with a considerable measure
of curiosity."

percentage of disposable income is
considered. Americans spent 17.2 percent
of their "take-home" money last year for
a record low. It amounted to 17.7 in
1967 and 18.3 in 1966. A further
breakdown shows that only 13.5 percent
of the disposable income was spent for
food at home; the rest for food away
from home. Farm value of the food
originating on U.S. farms accounted for
only 5 percent of the food expenditures;
the marketing bill, about 10. The other
2.2 percent went for fish and imported
foods, according to a summary of the
National Food Situation by the USDA.
(Editor's note: in the depression years
American's spent far more than the above
for their foods. Today in some countries
food takes as much as 50% of disposable

i ere is no finer

investment for

community than

putting mil into babies.

"I think it's time to get your feet

purpose of a new office set up recently
by the Japanese Agricultural Commission.
Officials said many women today do not
want to marry farmers because of the
rigors of farm work. The new bureau will
have files on unmarried farmers and
eligible girls will be invited to inspect

last 300 hand-cranked telephones in
Kentucky will fall silent by June 30.
They will be replaced by dial phones in
Hardin County (Central Kentucky)
according to a recent news item.

last year in biggest percentage increase of
cash farm income. The 1968 income
jumped to $1.22 billion, up some $156
million for a 15% increase over 1968. The
dollar increase was the largest yearly gain
ever recorded in Florida by the USDA's
Economic Research Service. The gain
pushes Florida from sixth to fourth place
nationally in farm income from all crops.
Only California, Illinois, and Texas led
Florida in income from all crops in 1968.

"FARMERS have the record of the
most productive group of citizens in the
land, but their numbers are dwindling."
--From booklet entitled "How're They
Really Doin' Down on the Farm". For a
copy write to FA's editor.

$18,000 IN CASH was stolen from a
Caynuga County (New York) farmer
recently. The thieves broke in and took a
leather valise, containing the money,
from under the farmer's bed. Later he
found the valise, empty, in his hen house.
Asked why he hadn't quickly reported
the theft the farmer said he had no
telephone. "I couldn't afford it." (From
recent UPI news item).

and development in both vegetables and
ornamentals have been achieved by a new
system developed by researchers at the
USDA Beltsville, Md. laboratory. In the

new technique, seeds are planted directly
in an artificial soil mix and barely
covered. The seedlings are never
transplanted, only thinned. The root
systems are undisturbed. Result: "less
work and shock is eliminated" the report
advises. Experiments are continued to
extend these practices to other species.
For more information write H. H. Klueter
or W. A. Bailey, agricultural engineers,
USDA Laboratory, Beltsville, Md.

JAMES CAGNEY, "tough guy" actor
and film star of former years now raises
prize cattle in upstate New York. Betty
Grable runs a ranch near Las Vegas,
Nevada. Tab Hunter, popular star of the
1950's operates a horse breeding ranch on
the Oregon seacoast.

SPRAYING, advises the USDA in a
current bulletin, which said: "This is
more than just a simple courtesy .
during 1968 several valuable experimental
colonies of bees were decimated in Idaho
by drift from a pesticide applied by
aircraft to a nearby onion field. If
scientists working with the bees had been
warned ahead they could have removed
the colonies until spraying operations
were completed".

TO SLIP according to the USDA's
Statistical Reporting Service. February
production in the U.S. was 8.8 billion
pounds' down 4.5 percent from a year
earlier. In 45 states the total was down
during that period, unchanged in two
states and up slightly in three states.

ABOUT 200,000 HOGS were driven
over the "Buncombe Turnpike" in 1826
from the Tennessee & Carolina Mountains
to Charleston, S.C. The road was built
primarily for stagecoach travel, but inns
along its route provided shelter for
"tourists" as well as "drovers". (From
Asheville, N.C. Citizen-Times which
reminded its readers that stagecoach
travel was common conveyance in the
East many years before Dodge City was

BLUETONGUE, a serious disease of
sheep in the U.S. and many other
countries, is now becoming a real
problem for cattle, too, a recent USDA
report says. Infected cattle have swollen
lips, gums and tongues and saliva hangs
from the mouth in long strands. Cattle
move stiffly at first but their discomfort
seems to pass as they move around.
Although these symptoms have elements
common to other diseases a group of
scientists at ARS's Denver Animal Disease
Laborotory have confirmed that the
causative virus is bluetongue of the type
known from sheep research. (For more
information write: Veterinarian J. G.
Bowne, head, Denver Animal Disease
Laborotory, Denver, Colorado).

Florida Agriculture, April, 1969

14th Annual Event

Yearly Clinic Held
for Potato Growers
Harvest of Florida's big spring potato
crop has begun. It will reach a peak in
early May but continue until June ac-
cording to B. J. Sweat, long time Farm
Bureau member and former state board
member, who plants about 300 acres in
the Balm (Hillsborough County) area.
To usher in the potato harvest season
growers held their 14th annual potato
clinic at Balm on March 27. A highlight
of the day's activities was the traditional
"all potato lunch" served in the Balm
Church by ladies of the community. Po-
tatoes were featured in everything served
from soup to desserts.
There were several different dishes of
potatoes with dumplings as well as pota-
toes with mushrooms; potatoes with peas;
potatoes with collard greens; potatoes
with beef and gravy, and of course, potato
salads. Potatoes were served baked,
mashed, fried and most every other way
of cooking. One of the most popular
dishes was potatoes peeled and boiled
whole then covered with butter and broil-
ed. The desserts included several kinds
of cakes and pies, each made with pota-
toes, too.
Mr. Sweat started growing potatoes
about 40 years ago when mules were used
exclusively for plowing and cultivating
the crop. Now his farm is completely
mechanized. He was born and raised on
a farm.

More on potatoes, pages 13 &14.

Another large potato producing section
of Florida is the Hastings area, in Put-
nam County. That area's annual "Potato
Field" day was also held on March 27
at the Hastings Laboratory.
Sir Walter Raleigh planted white po-
tatoes on his estate in Ireland, and found
they quickly filled an important need for
the Irish. In the 17th Century, Ger-
many's King Frederick William decided
potatoes could solve his country's food
shortage and ordered that peasants who
did not plant them would have their noses
and ears cut off.
The evolution of potatoes goes on from
country to country through the centuries.
They were brought to America by the
early settlers, and have always remained
a favorite food, prepared and served in
hundreds of ways. One of the popular
ways to serve them today is "hash
brown." A hearty breakfast or steak
dinner might include crisp and appetizing
hash browns.
The French are credited with creating
the "French Fried Potato." The first
potato chip is said to have been prepared
in the 1800's by an ingenious, upper New
York State chef in response to a dissatis-
fied customer who kept returning his po-
tatoes, complaining that they were too
thick. Finally the exasperated chef sliced
the potatoes paper-thin, fried them-cre-
ating the potato chip.

Florida Agriculture, April, 1969

FFBF's Citrus Committee is pictured at the group's first meeting held in Plant
City recently. Another meeting has been held since then and the committee is
studying the many aspects of Florida's citrus industry including recommendations for
reorganization of the Citrus Commission and reapportionment of Citrus Commis-
sion districts. Jack Allen of Umatilla is chairman of the committee. (Photo by
Al Alsobrook, FFBF director of information.)
Members of the committee include: J. S. Allen, Umatilla, chairman; Arthur E.
Karst, Vero Beach, FFBF President; G. T. Hawkins, Naples, FFBF director; Arlen
Jumper, Weirsdale, FFBF director; Marvin Kahn, Sebring, FFBF director; J. A.
Miles, Jr., Plant City, FFBF director; John Talton, Apopka, FFBF director; Senator
Bill Gunter, Orlando (18th Dist.); Senator Alan Trask, Fort Meade (27th Dist.);
Representative Bill Bevis, Fort Meade (57th Dist.); Representative Bill Fulford
(40th Dist.); Karl B. Albritton, Sarasota; Norman W. Blood, Jr., Delray Beach;
F. H. Bouseman, Arcadia; Charles Chaplin, Fort Lauderdale; Buren E. (Bud) Cook,
Haines City; C. Elton Crews, Avon Park; R. R. Denlinger, Dade City; W. L. Dobbins,
Daytona Beach; Robert Eichelberger, Eustis; Robert H. Gibson, Wauchula; Charles
Hawthorne. Orlando; Art Holland, Indiantown; James Kimbrough, Brooksville; Orie
Lee, St. Cloud; Earl E. Miller, LaBelle; Larry McIver, Fort Pierce; C. A. Murphy,
Alva; Frank Narki, Immokalee; Ed Parker, Maitland; Lloyd Ryals, Fort Ogden; Ray
Skinner, Sarasota; Frank Sullivan, Cocoa; William Earl Thompson, Tampa; Howard
W. Trumm, Ocala; Don Vickers, Sebastian; Joe Washington, Punta Gorda; and Bill
Williamson, Palm Harbor.
(Editor's note: The above committee was described as .follows by the FFBF
President, Arthur E. Karst in one of his recent columns printed in this magazine.
He said: "Farm Bureau has an outstanding committee composed of members from
each of the growing counties and each member is well qualified to speak for
the grower.")

Florida Represented on
AFBF Planning Committee
Florida Farm Bureau's Information
Director, Al Alsobrook, has been ap-
pointed to membership on the AFBF spe-
cial committee which is arranging the
forthcoming 1969 Information Conference
in Chicago. The committee includes In-
formation Directors from other state
Farm Bureaus as well as AFBF person-
nel. It has had one meeting and has
drafted a general outline for the confer-
ence program, to take place June 29-July
2 at the Hotel Moraine in Highland
Park, Ill., a suburb north of Chicago on
Lake Michigan.

FFBF Field Services Division

By Charles Blair, FFBF Administrative Assistant
and Acting Director Field Services Division

SThe FFBF membership has broken last
year's record. It now stands at 37,561,
and is 576 over last year. Furthermore,
the new number will entitle FFBF to
an additional voting delegate at the AF-
BF convention th;s year.
Forty counties have reached their quo-
tas. This means they have gained at
least one member over last year. How-
ever, 24 counties have not met quota fig-
ures at this writing.
The following counties are the ones
which have reached their 1969 quotas:
Alachua, 1,142; Baker, 379; Bay, 90;
Bradford, 351; Broward, 718; Charlotte,
60; Clay, 181; Collier, 520; DeSoto, 341;

Gadsden FB's Office Secretary Evelyn
Chason is pictured receiving award by
FFBF Fieldman Ham Spilman for high-
est attendance at the recent district
meeting held in Quincy. Six counties
were represented at the meeting includ-
ing Gadsden, Leon, Wakulla, Liberty,
Jackson and Gulf.

Volusia FB reports 100% attendance
of its board of directors at last month's
meeting. This picture was snapped by
Dennis Emerson, FFBF Fieldman at the
meeting. It was taken in the board room
of the new Volusia FB building east of

Jefferson FB President Herbert G. De-
mott is seen addressing his County's re-
rent membership meeting held in Monti-
cello. James Luttrell, staff assistant to
Commissioner of Agriculture Doyle Con-
ner spoke on "The Cost Price Squeeze of
the American Farmer." He stressed bet-
ter understanding, organization and mar-
keting adding that "Government can only
do so much and that the farmer must
awaken to need of organization and bet-
ter public relations. (Photo by Ham
Spilman, FFBF fieldman.)

FFBF's Commodity Director Kent
Doke is seen leading a discussion of is-
sues at the recent district meeting held in
Madison. The meeting was represented
by seven county Farm Bureaus including
Dixie, Lafayette, Taylor, Jefferson, Ham-
ilton, Suwannee and Madison.

Madison's FB's Mrs. Jackie E. Jones,
office secretary, is seen accepting the
award in behalf of her County for having
highest attendance at the recent district
meeting held in Madison. Presenting the
S award for the Florida Farm Bureau is
FFBF Fieldman Ham Spilman (right).
Also in the picture is Albert W. (Pete)
-. Cruce, vice president, Madison FB.

Duval, 657; Escambia, 1,122; Gulf, 76;
Hamilton, 322; Hardee, 751; Hendry, 378;
Hernando, 440; Highlands, 465; Hills-
borough, 2,009; Holmes, 618; Indian
River, 648; Jackson, 1,059; Jefferson,
232; Lake, 1,727; Levy, 463; Madison,
515; Marion, 1,017; Martin, 116; Nas-
sau, 314; Okaloosa, 631; Okeechobee,
446; Osceola, 381; Palm Beach, 678;
Santa Rosa, 776; Sarasota, 372; Semi-
nole, 615; Sumter, 764; Volusia, 831;
Wakulla, 133; Walton, 682; and Wash-
inftnn, 412.
The following counties have not
reached their quottas as of this writing.
They are listed mainly to show just how
few more members are needed before
every county in Florida shows a gain for
1969: Brevard, -25; Calhoun, -48; Co-
lumbia, -4; Dade, -16; Dixie, -5; Ever-
glades, -8; Flagler, -1; Gadsden, -15; Gil-
christ, -7; Glades, -5; Lafayette, -16; Lee,
-61; Leon, -13; Liberty, -13; Manatee,
-31; Orange, -62; Pasco, -1; Pinellas, -19;
Polk, -131; Putnam-St. Johns, -15; St.
Lucie, -15; Suwannee, -17; Taylor, -1;
ard Union. -63.
The Field Services Staff earlier in the
year established a goal of 39,000. In
order to reach this State goal, individual
counties were assigned goals, which in
most cases, are higher than the quota.
Counties reaching their goals are:


Santa Rosa

Goal Current
350 379 (+29)
350 351 (+ 1)
520 520
625 657 (+32)
1,075 1,122 (+47)
1,975 2,009 (+34)
600 618 (+18)
1,050 1,059 (+ 9)
300 314 (+14)
600 631 (+31)
750 776 (+26)
800 831 (+31)
125 133 (+ 8)

Broward FB's Robert L. Clark, Jr. of
Ft. Lauderdale reported recently that he
has been invited to speak before a num-
ber of civic groups about agriculture as
a result of publicity given to his reelec-
tion to the FFBF's board of directors.
Mr. Clark is also state secretary of the
FFBF and a member of Browarc's FB's
board of directors.

Jackson FB's Wayne Mixson of Mari-
anna, brought to the attention of the
FFBF state board recently the fact that
filing for agricultural classification con-
tinues to be a problem in some instances.
He said that a system should be designed
so that farmers wouldn't have to reapply

Florida Agriculture, April, 1969

Florida Agriculture's

Youth Section


each year. Mr. Mixson is a member of
the FFBF's state board and also the
Jackson County board.

Rural Humor: The father of a 10 year
old boy looking at this pride and joy
watching TV with a bored expression on
his face then remarked: "When I was a
boy your age, I walked miles in bliz-
zards, milked four cows early each morn-
ing, and rode a horse instead of riding
in a comfortable car. What do you think
about that?" The boy looked up at his
father and remarked, "Gee, I wish we
could have that kind of fun now."-Mod-
ern Maturity Magazine.

Madison FB's five year old Craig
Putnal, son of Mr. and Mrs. Lester
Franklin Putnal of Mayo was the young-
est exhibitor at the recent livestock show
and sale held in that county. (See pic-
tures elsewhere on this page.) The re-
serve adult champion hog of the show is
owned by young Craig.

The FFA will hold its 1969 State Con-
vention in Daytona Beach, June 9-13.

Bay County's 4-H Riding Rebels will
sponsor a horse show at the Bay County
Fair Grounds on April 13. There will be
25 classes.

Bradford County's Tom Edwards,
member of the 4-H Club in Starke showed
the grand champion at the Greater
Gainesville Area Steer Show and Sale
last month. The grand champion was an
angus steer, weighing 1,096 pounds and
was sold at auction to the Citizens Bank
of Gainesville for $1.16 a pound or for a
total of $1,271.36.

Alachua, Bradford and Union County
Future Farmers and 4-H club members
showed 60 steers at the annual Gaines-

"A breezy international flag outfit is
modeled by Lynn Harper, stage- and
screen actress. The graceful A-line skirt
is knitted from the waist down and can
therefore be knitted in any desired
length. Both sweater and skirt are a
great beginner's item and are featured
on one pattern. The flags are embroid-
ered after completion of the garment."
-Ursula duBois Lewis
Illustrated instructions are written in
sizes 8 through 22, all sizes are included
on one pattern. To obtain pattern #259,
send $1.00 in currency, check, or money
order to: Ursula duBois Lewis, Florida
Agriculture, Box 3307, Van Nuys, Calif.

A highlight of the recent Bradford
County Fair and Strawberry Festival
held in Starke, was the personal appear-
ance of "Miss America," Judith Ann
Ford, who is a former Illinois Farm Bu-
reau Queen. She won the coveted title
last Fall in Atlantic City competing with
girls from throughout the nation. Miss
Ford posed for this picture when she pre-
sented an autographed photo of herself
to Edward Shadd, FFBF Field Represen-
tative for the district. (Note: The Brad-
ford County Farm Bureau sponsored a
booth at the fair.) (Photo by FFBF In-
formation Dept.)

ural Youth

ville sale described above. Rex Lyons, a
Santa Fe High School FFA member, ex-
hibited the reserve grand champion a
Charolais-Hereford crossbred steer,
weighing 781 pounds, which sold for
$1,171.50. First in showmanship compe-
tition was Chuck Calendine, Santa Fe
FFA member; second was Tom Edwards
(see paragraph above) and Keary Doke,
Alachua 4-H member.

Florida's "Miss Sunflavor," Judith El-
len Pettit, (who won the title at the recent
Florida State Fair) presented Governor
Claude R. Kirk, Jr. "gold nuggets" of
fried chicken following ceremonies pro-
claiming annual "Poultry Days" in Flor-
ida last month.

Beauty superstitions: the juice of
strawberries was thought, at one time to
be good for getting rid of freckles and
for whitening and preserving the skin.
Marie Antoinette is said to have bathed
daily in crushed strawberries.

Youth fortune stories. A 19 year old
bookkeeper with a high school education
invested his savings and founded one of
America's great fortunes. His name:
John Davison Rockefeller.

The nation's top "outstanding young
farmers" are being named in St. Paul,
Minnesota this month, from some 50
state finalists. (Florida's top young
farmer was pictured in the last issue.)
Names of winners will be announced in
the next issue of this magazine.

the New York Farm Bureau for over 40
years. Mr. Fugate had an 18.8 acre al-
lotment on which he produced 3,697
pounds of florigiant peanuts per acre.
He planted between May 30 and June 1
and harvested 122 days later; used 105
pounds of seed per acre; did no cultivat-
ing, just weed control.

DeSoto FB President F. H. (Pete)
Bouseman is pictured as he accepted a
TBA Service Fee Check from Larry Sul-
livan, FFBF fieldman, who said that "all
counties with TBA programs will receive
similar checks and sign new service

This picture was made during the re-
cent Lafayette County FB's quarterly
membership "covered dish supper" held
in Mayo. Lafayette President Wayman
Blackshear is pictured in left foreground.
William Smith, county agent, spoke on
the subject: "Insecticides for Tobacco."
He stressed careful use and warned his
listeners to follow directions on the lab-
els carefully, pointing out that "most of
these products were for use in the Caro-
linas and not for Florida sand. New corn
varieties for Florida were also a topic for
discussion at the meeting.

Farm Bureau members appointed or
reappointed to the Florida Department
of Agriculture's Advisory Council in-
clude: Billy Rogers of South Bay; Ver-
non L. Conner of Mt. Dora; Forrest
Davis of Quincy; Richard R. Kinard of
Homestead; Foster Shi Smith of Starke;
Erwin Bryan, Ji; of Center Hill; O. L.
Partin of Kissimmee; and Felix H. Uzzell
of Sebring.

Volusia County's annual "Cracker
Day" will be April 26 at DeLand Fair-

Glades County CofC President H. E.
DeTar of Moore Haven reports that next
years' Chalo Nitka Festival and Rodeo
has already been set for Feb. 27, 28 and
March 1.

FFBF's "Traveling Billboards" spot-
light agriculture. This is one of two semi-
trailers recently put into service by the
FFBF's TBA -division. The trailers are
used to transport tires, batteries and ac-
cessories to Florida Farm Bureau mem-
bers throughout the state twice weekly.
Each sports a brightly painted sign point-
ing out that agriculture is Florida's num-
ber one industry. (Photo by Al Also-
brook, director, FFBF Information Dept.)

Levy County FB's Norman Fugale of
Williston is pictured as he received the
Levy County Peanut Champion Award.
Presentation was made by Mrs. Betty
Frazier, president of the Levy County
Farm Bureau. The picture includes, L
to R: J. J. Brialmont, member of the
FFBF's state board of directors; Mr. Fu-
gate, Mrs. Frazier, and Mr. and Mrs.
C. S. Cook, who have been members of

Volusia County's only recipients of the
Future Farmers of America "American
Farmer Award" are pictured here. Den-
nis Emerson, FFBF fieldman who snap-
ped the picture in the Volusia FB build-
ing east of DeLand, said: "All of these
men play key roles in the leadership of
their county FB." They are L to R:
Elvin Daugherty, president; Billy Hester,
board member; Sam Tribble, board mem-
ber and Thomas Lawrence, vice president.

Former member of FFBF's state board
of directors and long-time officer and
leader of Orange County Farm Bureau.
*5 ^- '

Florida Agriculture, April, 1969 Florida Agriculture, April, 1969 9

Short Items of Interest to A



Gracewood, Inc., of Vero Beach recently received a safety Oakley Groves, Inc. of Dade City recently received a safety
certificate and dividend check from Florida Farm Bureau Insur- certificate and dividend check from the Florida Farm Bureau
ance Companies. L to R; Dan Richardson, president of Grace- Insurance Companies. Pictured above are L to R: Bob Pryor,
wood; Bill Harris, firm Grove manager; Sid Banack, Indian River Pasco County FB's Service Agent, who made the presentation,
FB Service Agent and David Nelson, Special Representative for Tommy Oakley, secretary-treasurer, of the Oakley Groves, Inc.
FB Insurance Companies. and Tom Ed Oakley, president.

Mike Ewing, Polk County FB Service Agent, is seen presenting a
safety certificate and dividend check from the Florida Farm
Bureau Insurance Companies to W. B. Mitchell, owner of L & M
Fruit Company. The awards are for outstanding employee
safety records during 1968.

Paul Hendrick (left) Special Representative for the Florida Farm
Bureau Insurance Companies is seen presenting a safety
certificate and dividend check to Richard Wheeler, treasurer of
Davis Grove Service, of Ocoee. W. C. Davis is president of
the company.



By maintaining a low accident frequency among their
employees the policyholders, pictured above have receiv-
ed dividends ranging from 5% to 35% on their Workmen's
compensation. In addition to reducing the cost of their in-
surance they have also reduced their operating cost con-
siderably by maintaining an effective safety program.

Accidents are costly. They result in a loss of produc-
tion, equipment out of operation, hiring and training new

PAYS! 4350 SW 13th St.

personnel, equipment repair costs,and quite often expensive
law suits. Accident prevention is practical and profitable.
Our Safety Department representative can assist you
to establish a practical and effective accident control pro-
gram, specifically engineered for your operation. Why not
try it?
Keep Accidents Down-Production Up! Call your local
Farm Bureau Agent or our Safety Department for full infor-
mation. There is no obligation to inquire. Do it today!


r Gainesville, Florida PAY

George Cappe, director, Safety Department

-1 9 ~




Preston H. Gough, Executive Vice President

-7 r


Left above is a picture of the business ring at the recent
North Florida Livestock Show and Sale described by Ham
Spilman, FFBF Field Representative in the article below.

Right, Doyle Conner, Jr. (son of Florida Commissioner of Ag-
riculture) exhibiting the reserve champion steer at the show.
The steer sold for $943.00.


By Ham Spilman,
FFBF Field Representative
What a refreshing treat to attend the
Livestock Show and Sale in Madison
and see the overall cooperation and effort
between adults and their young. (See
pictures above.)
The Head-Heart-Hand-Health with the
4 leaf clover in white on green back-
ground was very much in evidence at
the show. All parents, and yes, Florida
and national agriculture, deserve to be
proud of the sportsmanship-showmanship
and the dedication of these boys and
The show was terrific and the calf
and pig scrambles were both a treat for
all. Parents and elders including busi-
nessmen and organizations sponsoring
and attending this event and others like
it should be recognized.
Americans need more of this kind of

Putnam County's Sharon Curtis of Pa-
latka and 1968 "Florida Potato Blossom
Queen" is pictured here receiving a "po-
tato trophy" as a result of a remark she
made during the Central Florida Fair's
recent annual Mayor's Day Luncheon.
She said: "The potato was done wrong
when not part of the menu" at the
luncheon. The "trophy" was carved from
a 11/-pound potato and presented to the
queen by Doyle Conner, Commissioner of
Agriculture and Henry W. Land, Tan-
gerine, Fair President. (Note: see story
elsewhere in this issue about a luncheon
which was 100% potatoes.) (Photo cour-
tesy Billie King, public relations director,
Central Florida Fair, Orlando.)
(Editor's note: A new Potato Blossom
Queen is being chosen this month. Pic-
tures and results will be reported on this
page next issue.)

Florida Agriculture, April, 1969 13

Annual FFA Agricultural Career
Day will be held at Walker Auditorium
on the University of Florida Campus in
Gainesville on May 3, starting at 10:00
a.m. About 800 students from high
schools and junior colleges around the
state are expected to attend. There will.
be lectures on careers in agriculture; agri-
business; agricultural sciences; agricul-
tural engineering; food science; animal
science and others. Groups will be di-
vided into seven subject matter areas,
according to individual interest areas for
more detailed discussions. The afternoon
session will include free tickets to the
Orange and Blue football game at Flor-
ida field and there will be a free lunch
at noon. For more information write or
call Chuck Woods, Editorial Dept., Inst.
of Food and Agricultural Sciences, 140
McCarty Hall, University of Florida,

Pinellas County's Diane Bockstanz of
St. Petersburg was named "Florida Fol-
iage Festival Queen" at the annual event
held in Apopka last month. Runners-up
were: Pamela Ann Carey of Fruitland
Park and Carol Ann Friedrich, Brandon.

Daughters of Florida dairy farmers are
invited to participate in the forthcoming
annual Florida Dairy Princess Contest.
For details and entry form write Amer-
ican Dairy Ass'n of Florida, -ox 7775,
Orlando, Fla. 32804.

4-H Events Day will be held at the
Cherry Lake 4-H Camp in Madison
County, May 10, according to Jackie E.
Jones, secretary of the Madison FB.

The annual Southeastern Sunshine
High School rodeo will be held in Ocala,
April 19.


By Mrs. Marvin Crutchfield, FFBF's Women's Chairman

These pictures were taken at last
month's Women's Workshop held at the
Florida Farm Bureau building in Gaines-
ville. Mrs. William Wilkie, vice-chair-
man of the AFBF's women's committee
is pictured addressing the group's ban-
quet. Others in the photograph include
L to R: Mrs. T. K. McClane, Jr., wife of
the FFBF's Executive Vice President;
Mrs. Marvin Crutchfield, chairman of
FFBF's Women's Committee and mem-
ber of the board of directors; Mrs. Wil-
kie; Arthur Karst, president, FFBF and
Mrs. Jack Frazier, secretary of the
FFBF's Women's Committee and also a
member of the organization's state board
of directors. The second picture shows
Gene Whitworth, assistant state's attor-
ney in Gainesville speaking at one of the
sessions. He spoke on "Respect for Law
and Order" and "What Each Individual
Can Do to Help Increase That Respect."
(Photos by Al Alsobrook. director FFBF
Information Dept.)

We are sorry that some of you did not
get to attend the workshop in Gainesville
last month. (See adjacent pictures.)
I'm real proud of you who did attend,
and hope you found some answers to
your questions.
There were so many good ideas and
suggestions for our work that I want to
share some of them with you and also
to thank the FFBF staff and others who
worked so hard to make the workshop a
In his report on legislation T. K. Mc-
Clane, Jr., who heads up the FFBF Leg-
islative Department, emphasized how ef-
fective women are not only in member-
ship work, but also in legislative work.
He urged us to get appointed to the

"It takes a man 25 years to learn
to be married. It's a wonder women
have the patience to wait for it."
-Clarence Kelland, 1881.

legislative committee (of our respective
county Farm Bureaus); get to know our
Congressional delegates, let them know
how we feel and get to understand them
as well. One of the best ways of keeping
informed about legislation, he said, is to
read AFBF Newsletter.
Legislation which was discussed in-
cluded: the Grape Boycott, Electoral
College Reform; Pesticides, Trespass and
Gun Control laws and Advalorem Taxes.
Charles Blair, FFBF Administrative
Assistant and acting Director of Field
Services, welcomed our group to the
workshop and announced latest figures
on FFBF membership. (See his report
on page 8 of this issue.)
FFBF Director of Information Al Al-
sobrook said that women needed to get
involved in the information program.

He pointed out that since our Program of
Work is to involve information "we must
get to work." By this he meant that we
must get a working knowledge of what
we are trying to do and then get active
in publicity and information.
He also told us about a booklet now
being planned for elementary school chil-
dren on government, its history; the
Flag, how to fly it, etc.; the seals of the
U.S. and Florida; the pledge and what
it means, etc. We hope to have the
booklet ready to put in schools next Fall.
On the back cover, in small type, will
be printed: "Published by Florida Farm
Bureau Federation Women's Commit-
Mrs. Walter Welkener, Jacksonville,
gave a very complete report of the AFBF
Convention and I really appreciated this
because the flu kept me in bed most of
the time we were at the national meeting.
Mrs. George Munroe, Quincy, past FF-
BF Women's Committee Chairman, gave
us some very interesting facts on con-
sumer education. She said that there
are four rights that a consumer is en-
titled to when purchasing commodities.
They are: 1-right to safety-to be pro-
Continued on page 16

The picture at left below illustrates a
new potato product recently introduced.
It is Betty Crocker's Hash Browns with
onions. Each package has a surprising
hint of garden-fresh onion flavor. The
cook combines water, salt and butter to
contents in a frying pan, turns one time
and serves. The picture at right is a
new school snack made from French
Fried Potato Crisps. By adding melted
butter and peanut butter they become
"Peanut Butter Crisps." For the recipe
write Food Editor, FA, -4350 SW 13th
St., Gainesville. (See page 7 for details
of a recent annual potato luncheon held
in Hillsborough County.)

These pictures show various ways to serve "peaches 'n ice
cream" at the old fashion social described below. Each idea
will probably suggest another, according to the National Peach
Council which emphasizes variety to make the occasion a suc-

cess. Tall, wide or odd shaped glasses as well as conventional
tableware are among the ideas given for serving. Another is
to set up a self-service "pot luck" counter and let guests fix
their own "special" ice cream and fresh peaches.

Fun-Fund Raising Idea

Old Fashion "Peaches 'N Ice Cream Social" Suggested

An old fashion "Peaches 'N Ice Cream
Social" is suggested as a fund raising
idea for County Farm Bureaus. The best
time of the year to hold the "Social" is
the period just ahead.
Florida Growers will begin marketing
their peach crop later this month and the
harvest will continue into the last week of
May according to Arlen Jumper, Weirs-
dale, President of the Florida Peach
Growers Ass'n (and member of the FFBF
state board of directors).
The pictures (also printed on this
page) and ideas for the "Peaches 'N Ice
Cream Social" were supplied for this
issue by Lora Stone, secretary-manager,
of the National Peach Council which has

headquarters in St. Louis, Mo. A few of
her suggestions follow:
"It's sure to be fun. Ice Cream Socials
are as old as ice cream itself. Make it
sound like fun. When the food sounds
delectable, decorations gay, and everyone

Florida's growing peach industry
now comprises some 5600 acres un-
der cultivation according to Joe E.
Mullin, statistician in charge, Florida
Crop and Livestock Reporting Serv-
ice, Dept. of Agriculture. He says
that the North Florida and Panhan-
dle area accounts for about 3200
acres and that the rest is in the
Central Florida section.

is pitching in as if they enjoyed doing
it, their enthusiasm is bound to be a
"Choose a spot for your 'Social' that
has plenty of outdoor space, including

Probably the ONE most important
dress you could own is this slender shape
with band collar and scarf tie.
Printed Pattern 9112: NEW Half Sizes
101/2, 121/2, 141/2, 161/, 181/2, 201/2. Size
14/2 (bust 37) takes 21% yards 35-inch;
1/2 yd. contrast.
NOW spring's newest neckline rises
high above slant seaming. We keep the
rest smooth and uncluttered because it's
more flattering.
Printed Pattern 9290: NEW Misses'
sizes 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18. Size 12 (bust
34) takes 2 yards 45-inch fabric.
Sixty-five cents in coins for each pat-
tern-add 15 cents for each pattern for
first-class mailing and special handling.
Send to Florida Agriculture Pattern
Dept., Box 42, Old Chelsea Station, New
York, N. Y. 10011. Print name, address
with zip, size and style number.

Florida Agriculture, April, 1969

shade. Also decide on an alternate in-
door spot 'in case of rain.' Be sure the
latter is publicized well in advance.
"Use as many papers, plastic and foil
items as possible, to ease clean-up work.
Hurricane lamps for tables and Japanese
lanterns in trees are popular for evening
events. Have popular music, toned to
'background' volume. Arrange for plenty
of parking space. Have a few hostesses
to circulate among the tables to help
friends and families find places to sit to-
gether or to furnish a second scoop of
ice cream with peaches.
"You may want to have a peach peeling
and slicing crew on hand at the time of
the 'Social.' This will add to the fes-
(Editor's Note: The Peach Council
Secretary also suggests varied ideas for
contests, games and other items to help
make the 'Social' a success. For details
and a free copy write Editor, FA, 4350
SW 13th St., Gainesville. A few colorful
posters are also available on a first-come
first-served basis.)

Old Time Farm Customs

"Plowman's Dinner" Recipe
Offered by Food Editor

A "Plowman's Dinner" was served to
a North Carolina mountain farmer back
when horses were used for plowing. A
writer recently told how and why the
"dinner" came into existence. She said
that her father always finished plowing
a field once he started. Thus, quite often
he was far from home at mealtime. So
her mother prepared for him what she
called a "plowman's dinner" to be eaten
anywhere on the farm at any time. For
a free copy of the recipe for preparing
a "Plowman's Dinner" write Food editor,
St., Gainesville.


tected; 2-right to be informed; 3-right
to choose; and 4-right to be heard.
Edward Shadd, FFBF field represen-
tative, introduced Eugene T. Whitworth,
Gainesville, assistant state attorney (see
adjacent picture). Mr. Whitworth said
"to further respect for law and order we
should help to: 1-Upgrade the quality
and qualifications of those who enforce
the law; 2-Upgrade the salary scale; and
3-Upgrade our courts."
He challenged us to do the things out-

DeSoto's FB's office secretary, Mrs.
Ina Laidig. retired from that office re-
cently after having served 7/2 years. She
is seen here accepting a plaque from
DeSoto President F. H. (Pete) Bouse-
man for "long, efficient and loyal serv-
ice." (Photo by Larry Sullivan, FFBF

lined in our "Program of Work"; that
this is something we can do well; and that
we should invite prosecuting attorneys
or state attorneys to appear on any panel
discussions we might arrange.
Your committee on "Respect for Law
and Order" sent in a report of its plans
for "Respect for Our Law Day." The
report included a group of resolutions on
the subject as well as on TV violence
and recommended that we accept them

for submission to the next FFBF state
Mrs. Wilkie, our AFBF committee vice
president (see adjacent picture) gave us
one of her outstanding speeches. On
citizenship she said "If church members
would vote on Tuesday like, or as, they
vow on Sunday, representative govern-
ment would be victorious."
She gave an interpretation of the
pledge of allegiance and answered her
own question "What kind of a member
are you?" (Both of these will appear on
this page next issue.)
Our "Program of Work" for 1969 was
reviewed by Mrs. Wilkie, Mrs. Betty
Frazier (President of Levy County Farm
Bureau) Mrs. Welkener and myself.
Programs on TV and their effect on
our children were discussed. We were
urged to write letters to sponsors, local
TV stations as well as the national net-
works. (Addresses of the networks were
included in the kits which each County
chairman received and carried back
Mrs. Wilkie suggested that we watch
TV programs for a week and count all
the horror, robberies, murders, obscene
pictures and then do something about it.
On the California Grape Boycott sit-
uation (see previous issues of this maga-
zine) Mr. Blair asked us to "purchase
California grapes" and Mrs. Wilkie said
that she knew a man that had earned as
much as $7.00 per hour picking grapes
in contrast to the normal wage of $2.00.
Let's join hands and work in respect for
Law and Order and in other fields that
will do the most good in each of your

Japanese Commission Sets
Up "Eligible Wife" List

To find farm wives, a special commis-
sion has been set up in Japan. A recent
news item said most women "do not want
to marry farmers because of the rigors of
farm work." The commission is com-
piling a file of eligible girls who are

Plant a topiary tree in your "House"
garden. If your thumb is not green, this
ever-blooming plant is meant for you.
The bright green foliage, made of yarn
pompons, and the artificial roses do not
need water. They sprout from a styro-
foam ball, placed on a ribbon-wrapped
dowel stick. Free instructions are avail-
able by sending a self-addressed, stamped
-envelope to the Needlework Editor, Flor-
ida Agriculture, 4350 SW 13th St.,
Gainesville. Ask for "Pompon Tree"


Continued from preceding page

Florida Agriculture, April, 1969


Rate: 150 per word; min $3. Display $10 col inch
P. O. Box 8802, Orlando, Florida 32806
ATTENTION WRITERS: Manuscripts wanted. All sub-
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MAKE EXTRA money clipping newspaper items for us
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Write for details. Allied Sales, Danielson, Conn. 06239.
WOMEN NEEDED! Work home, full, part time, do
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EARN $60.00 DAILY manufacturing concrete fence
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Send stamp. American, Excelsior Springs, Mo. 65024.
DRIVERS NEEDED. Semi Drivers. Experience helpful
but not necessary, we will train you. For local and
over the road driving. You can earn $3.50 per hour
and up after short training. For application write,
Nation Wide, Safety Director, 1525 W. Memorial
Blvd., Lakeland, Fla. 33801 or call 813-683-5975.
OVERSEAS JOBS-Australia. Europe, South America.
For East, etc. Openings in all trades oad professions.
$400 to $2,500 monthly, free information write:
Foreign Employment Mart, Box 2235 A.M.F., Miami,
Florida 33159.
HOMEWORK PAYS BIG Profits. Addressing and
mailing. Write. Opportunities unlimited. Send
stamped addressed envelope. Box 534, Cisco,
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COMMISSION MAILERS Wanted. Everything supplied
including stamps. Details, 25e, refundable. Deaton,
605 Ryan. Odessa Texas 79760.
SELL BIBLES-24 Educational Editions-Direct from
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Box 5065, San Antonio, Texas 78201.
TRIPLE your money in 30 days Riskless. Confidential
information $1.00. Lynch Enterprises, 1901 Moonlight
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MAKE BIG MONEY raising chinchillas, rabbits, guinea
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of Quality Irrigation Equipment
511 So. 4th St. Ft. Pierce
Member Florida Irrigation Society
"NEW PUMP" irrigation or drainage. Just back
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Butyl Rubber Discharge 2" to 24" sizes. 200 to
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TRELLISING lor toniatoes, pole beans, cucumbers, etc.
Tough durable, 8" square mesh, 6 ft. and 10 ft. wide.
Lengths up to 300 ft. 6 ft. width- 3 per foot. 10 ft.
width-5f per foot. (1/20 per sq. ft.) Write for Free
Sample & brochure to Dept. FA-49 J. A. Cissel Co.,
P. 0. Box 774, Freehold, N.J. 07728.

Rt. 1, Box 356-0 Ph. 683-5134
Featuring the breeding of Black Watch Presi-
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konian President. And Hidden Hills OB53, a
grandson of famous Bardollermere 2.

LIVESTOCK BOOKS. Livestock Judging Handbook,
$7.75; Selecting, Fitting and Showing Beef Cattle,
$1.95; Southern Dairy Forming $7.00; The Stock-
man's Handbook, $14.75; Beef Cattle Science,
$14.35; Animal Sanitation and Disease Control,
$7.50. Send check or money order to Florida Agri-
cultue Book Dept. Interstate Printers, Danville, Ill.
2 to 10 weeks old delivered directly to you on approv-
al. You must take 25 head or more. We deliver 7
days after you place your order. Available anytime.
Prices include free delivery anywhere. 2 to 3 weeks
old each Holstein Heifers $47.50; Holstein Bulls
$45 00 Guernsey Heifers $45.00; Angus Hol. Cross
4 to 5 weeks old Holstein Heifers $55.00; Holstein
Bulls $55.00; Guernsey Heifers $50.00; Angus Hol.
Cross $55.00.
6 to 8 weeks old Holstein Heifers $65.00; Guernsey
Heifers $62.50; Angus Bulls or Heifers $65 00; Holstein
Bulls $60.00.
10 weeks old Holstein Heifers $77.50; Guernsey
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Cross $77.50.
When placing an order you may call collect.
Bonduel, Wisconsin 54107
Phone area code 715-758-4741
TERRIFIC Below-Wholesale Bargoinsl World's biggest
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the angles. Free summary. Vault, 867 East High,
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$10,000 to $100,000,000
Anywhere in USA and Canada
Fisher Real Estate-Mortgage Corp.
Mortgage Brokers, Joy, Illinois
PRAY. Study Acts, Joel, John, James. Come for Prayer
with Laying on of Hands. Christian Tracts, Box 233,
Newport News, Va. 23607.
ZIPCODE DIRECTORY 50,000 Zipcodes (obsoletes
all others), $2.00. SOUVENIR ALBUM Photos,
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Carrollton, Kentucky 41008.
MAKE YOUR WILL. Why delay? Send $1.00 for 4 Will
Forms and book about wills written by nationally
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97, 1967 Guardian Building, Detroit, Michigan 48226.
LET US PAY your tire repair and rood services
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A 256 page book proving modern Christendom Astray
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your side. $1.00 post free. Ted Higgs,10023 Cheyenne,
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RESURRECTED MILLIONS will farm fertile ocean
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40 ACRE GROVE. 1/2 grapefruit; 1/2 oranges, St.
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Florida Agriculture, April, 1969 17

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[ Spain-Portugal-Morocco ] Scandinavia
Apr. 29 May 29 May 21 June 19
IAlaska June 9-June 25 &

n Hawaii May 14 May 26 June 16- July 2

n 1969 AFBF Pre-Convention CARIBBEAN
CRUISE November 21 to December 5, 1969

F M. U E

MAKE 196



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Sample FREE to Official
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Established 1915
REDWORMS. Bedrun. Postpaid: 10,000, $9; 30,000,
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The President's Message

By Arthur E. (Art) Kant, Vero Beach
President, Florida Farm Bureau Federation

At the last State Farm Bureau
Convention, held in Daytona
Beach, official voting delegates by
resolution said: "We oppose the
registration of and licensing tax on
A recent news release put out by
the Savage Arms Company of
Westfield, Massachusetts tells why
one big city newspaper has come
around to our way of thinking.
John W. Marsman, Savage Arms
news director, said:
"It is reassuring to see that some
of the gun registration advocates
are finally grasping a hint as to
why farmers and sportsmen have
feared gun laws all these years.
"The most reassuring sign of this
awakening has come from a leading
New York City newspaper, long a
proponent of national gun registra-
tion and licensing. Like all advo-
cates of gun laws, it saw little incon-
venience or red tape for the gun-
user in the city's administering of
the new registration law on should-
er arms. It would be as simple as
registering automobiles.
"That's not the way it turned
out. Apparently gun registration
in New York City is really a boon-
doggle, enough of a mess to prompt
the following editorial comment

from the New York Times:
'Unfortunately, the city has not
done all that it could to simplify
registration. Form FCB's instruc-
tions read as if they were written
by a Faulknerian scholar. A half
dozen pages have to be filled out,
including notarized vouchers, cer-
tified checks and photographs. All
this may be helpful for the records,
but the paper work is ridiculously
complex. Why should it be more

Farm Bureau Citrus Committee
story appears on page 7

difficult to register a rifle than an
"Such naivete after all the warn-
ings farmers and sportsmen have
voiced! And in the shadow of the
Sullivan Law, the notorious city
ordinance of 1911 that was not sup-
posed to cost gun owners a cent,
much less take their handguns
away from them.
"Those who advocate gun regis-
tration and view the sportsmen's
fears as unfounded seem to disap-
pear after their 'model' laws have
passed and the abuses begin. Thus,
it is reassuring to farmers and
sportsmen to have a newspaper

Jacksonville. WFGA- TV, first
Monday each month at 6:45 a.m.
Orlando. WFTV TV. Every
Third Sunday, from 2 to 2 p.m.

such as the New York Times take a
look at the other side of the coin."
In my column last month I dis-
cussed the forthcoming annual
Florida Soil Science Foundation's
meeting. Since then I have been
advised by Dr. O. C. Bryan, tech-
nical director, that the meeting
place has been changed. It will be
held in Mayo Auditorium, Winter
Haven instead of in Lakeland. He
said that the change was made
"due to the anticipated large at-
tendance of Farm Bureau members
as well as Foundation members".
As you recall I announced that
AFBF President Charles Shuman
will be a featured speaker at the
meeting and it will be my pleasure
to introduce him at Soil Science's
luncheon scheduled for 12:30 noon,
May 7. Information concerning
reservations appears elsewhere in
this issue.
Incidentally, there is another
meeting taking place on May 7.
The Indian River Farm Bureau's
annual picnic will take place at
Jaycee Park, Vero Beach starting
at 6:30 p.m. (Editor's note: Mr.
Karst is a former President of the
Indian River County Farm Bureau
and currently on its board of di-

"Say It Isn't So"-by Creston Foster, AFBF News Director

The old image of the farm table groaning under the foods in 1955 with the present from data gathered on all
burden of home-cooked goodies has received a shattering foods used in one-week periods.
blow from a study of the increased use of "convenience" And believe it or not, it was found that farm families
foods by the U. S. Department of Agriculture. increased their use of convenience foods in money value
The study seems to say that those harvest spreads of terms by 61 percent since 1955.
heaping trays of fried chicken, four or five homegrown .
vegetables and several varieties of homemade pies, cookies However. if it is any consolation, the money value of
and cakes are something of a nostalgic memory. these foods used per person per week was still less for farm
The USDA study compares the use of convenience families ($1.98) than the average for the U. S. ($2.47).

18 Florida Agriculture, April, 1969


Dear Editor: A library patron told us
about your magazine and is looking for-
ward to reading it regularly; so am I since
it will be used by many in our area.
Jane Patton, Librarian
NW Regional Library System
Panama City
(Editor's Note: As per above request
being sent to the Bay County Public Li-
brary, Panama City; Calhoun County
Public Library, Blountstown; McMullin
Public Library, Lynn Haven; St. Joe
County Public Library, DeFuniak
Springs; Washington County Public Li-
brary, Chipley and to the Wewa Public
Library, Wewahitchka.)

Dear Editor: Until recently someone
who receives your magazine has been giv-
ing our library his old issues so that we
could have it available primarily for use
by the students and faculty in our spe-
cialized programs in citrus and cattle
technology. We appreciate your kind of-
fer to send us a complimentary copy.
We would like to continue to have
the information it contains relating to
the above programs.
James W. Dowdy, serials Librarian
Polk Junior College
Winter Haven

Dear Editor: As.a departmental agency
of County Government I felt that your
magazine would be an excellent vehicle
for items of general interest. I was quite
impressed with your items on "Garbage:
300 Million Tons," etc. and Jamestown
Tobacco farming history last issue.
Thanks for the complimentary copy.
George W. Fay, Building Dr.
Board of County Commissioners

(Editor's note: complimentary copies
are being sent to both Clearwater and
Winter Haven as per above requests.)

28th Poultry Institute
to be held next month
The 28th annual Florida Poultry In-
stitute will be held in Gainesville May
12, 13, 14. Headquarters will be at the
Ramada Inn, west of the city at 1-75
but special events are to be in the Poul-
try Science Department on the Univers-
ity of Florida Campus.
Leaders of the poultry industry will be
on hand to discuss current topics of that
phase of Florida agriculture.
Copies of the program may be obtained
by writing J. S. Moore, Extension Poul-
tryman, University of Florida, Gaines-
ville 32601.

The largest and lowest cost brackish
water desalting plant ever built in the
U.S.A. is to be built in Florida's Sarasota
County and scheduled for completion in
June. The announcement was made re-
cently by the lonics, Inc., Watertown,
Mass., builders of the new project. The
artist's rendering shown here is cut away
to show the water desalting plant at its
fully expanded capacity of two million
gallons per day. Excess minerals in the
water will be removed by passing elec-
tricity through the water as it flows .be-
tween special plastic membranes, closely
spaced in "stacks," according to the
Ionic announcement. The plant is being
built on Siesta Key, which is located
south and west of the City of Sarasota.

Wheat is produced commercially in
every state except Alaska, Hawaii and
those in New England. Florida pro-
duced 644,000 bushels last year and
ranked ahead of Kentucky, Louisiana,
Maryland and West Virginia.

New Financial Planning Service For You and Your Family.








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Home Office Branch Office
P. O. Box 78, Jackson, Mississippi 4350 SW 13th St., Gainesville, Fla.

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