Title: Florida agriculture
ALL VOLUMES CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
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STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075932/00018
 Material Information
Title: Florida agriculture
Physical Description: v. : illus. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Farm Bureau Federation
Publisher: Florida Farm Bureau Federation.
Place of Publication: Gainesville etc
Frequency: monthly (except june, july and aug.)[19]
bimonthly
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 9- 1950-
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075932
Volume ID: VID00018
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01375465
lccn - sn 78001276
issn - 0015-3869
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Preceded by: Bulleltin

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A '. 1,






AMERICA, LET'S GIVE

CREDIT TO THE

1ih FARMER


Nutritious vegetables make well-balanced meals. In satisfying
consumer demands for better quality and greater variety, modern
farmers use controlled growing methods developed through in-
tensive scientific research. Vegetable
farmers are among those responsi-
ble for Americans being the
best fed people in the world.
E Farm Credit is proud
to provide farmers with
sound, constructive cre-
dit that enables them to
accomplish this efficiently
... and profitably.


Your local Federal Land Bank Association fi-
nances your farm and family needs on a long-
term basis... at realistic, farm-oriented repay-
ment schedules and reasonable rates.


The Columbia Bank for Cooperatives makes
seasonal, term and commodity loans to mar-
keting, purchasing and processing coopera-
tives owned by farmers


Your local Production Credit Association provides
credit for operating expenses, farm and family
needs and capital expenditures on an intermedi-
ate term basis


* all in the family of FARM CREDIT SERVICE |









MONTHLY REPORT


FARM CREDIT SERVICE
OFFICES NEAR
ftcYou !:


By T. K. McClane, Jr., Executive Vice President, FFBF


It's time to make application to your
tax assessor for your 1969 assessment
under the Agricultural Zoning Board
Law. Some assessors are sending cards
or form letters to those who received ag-
ricultural assessments last year. Others
are leaving it up to landowners to file for
the assessment. Still other assessors are
ignoring the law altogether, maintaining
it is not a problem in their counties. Each
landowner must make the decision for
himself, but to be absolutely certain of
compliance with the law in case of any
future litigation, you should make it a
matter of record that you have filed for
assessment as a bona fide agricultural
operation. Even where the county tax
assessor is not asking for filings, the
safest procedure would be to file a letter
or a statement claiming your right to
assessment as agricultural property.
The newspaper has reported that the
Tax Reform Commission had approved
the report of a consulting firm's study
which included a "recapture" provision
requiring the tax assessor to collect "X"
number of years of back taxes when a
piece of property was sold for a price in
excess of its assessed value on the county
tax roll. This type of law could cost a
farmer a great deal of money if and when
he happened to sell all or part of his farm
land. We have been unable at this time
to secure a copy of the Tax Reform Com-
mission report. We will give you the
exact wording of any proposed legislation
in this regard which may find its way
to any committee. This could be a very
serious problem to agriculture.
The Pesticide Technical Committee,
advisory to the Commissioner of Agricul-
ture, has prepared a bill regarding the
use of "restricted pesticides." Members
of this committee are four farmers, the
state chemist, chief of the Agricultural
Department Inspection Division, Dr. M.
O. Watkins and Dr. John Sites of the
University of Florida. This bill has been
introduced by Representative Hector of
Dade County and had been substituted
for the Pesticide Control Bill (HB-87) I
mentioned to you in January which was
proposed by the Interim Committee on
Public Health. The new bill, committee
substitute for HB-87, is much less restric-
tive than the Public Health Bill, and one



FLORIDA AGRICULTURE
Vol. 28, No. 3, March, 1969
Established 1943. Published monthly except
June, July and August for the F.orida Farm
Bureau Federation by Cody Publications,
Kissimmee, Florida. Second c ass postage
paid at Kissimmee, Florida 32741. Editor,
Hugh Waters. Office Manager, Ruth Sloan.
Telephone (305) 423-4163.
Send change of address to Florida Farm
Bureau, 4350 SW 13th St., GainesvIle,
Florida 32601.


I believe farmers can live with if they
have to. With the increased interest, na-
tionwide and statewide, in air and water
pollution, there needs to be some tighten-
ing up on the use of many materials
which cause pollution. The new bill
authorizes the Commissioner of Agricul-
ture to prescribe the area, time, amount,
and other conditions under which a "re-
stricted pesticide" may be used. An an-
nual permit must be secured by all users
or purchasers of "restricted pesticides."
The county agricultural agent must cer-
tify each permit request to be a bona fide
agricultural user. Additionally, sellers
wi'l be licensed by the Commissioner.
There is no cost for the permit. The pro-


FARM QUOTES
"The more help a man has in his
garden, the less it belongs to him."
Wm. H. Davies, 1871.
--'------

gram will be financed from general
revenue.
The House committees continue to
meet every two weeks and have begun to
actually vote on pre-filed bills. The same
is true of Senate committees which are
meeting at random times. Senate com-
mittee votes are final, but House com-
mittee votes must be retaken after April
7. Several bills carrying out Farm Bu-
reau policy have already received one
committee's approval (some are referred
to more than one committee), i.e. repeal
of 4o per case egg tax, HB-219; five-year
automobile tag, HB-78; and approxi-
mately $1 million for Fire Ant Control
program. The big committee hurdle will
be getting through the Appropriations
Committee. A House agricultural sub-
committee has been hard at work prepar-
ing a trespass bill and hopefully this will
have committee approval by the time
this article reaches you.
All of this pre-session committee activ-
ity means that the 1969 session should
start off under a full head of steam. Much
committee consideration will be out of the
way, and each House should have a full
calendar of recommended bills to start
final consideration on by the second day
of the session, April 8. This procedure
is new to all of us, including the old
members of the legislature, but it has
promise of speeding up the legislative
process considerably.
When you read this, it will be less than
a mon'h away from April 7. Have you
or your county Farm Bureau met with
your legislative delegation to inform them
of Farm Bureau policies? This is most
Continued on next page

Florida Agriculture, March, 1969 3


... offices in,..

FLORIDA


Arcadia, PCA
Belle Glade, PCA and FLBA
Bradenton, PCA
Clewiston, PCA
Dade City, PCA and FLBA
Eustis, PCA
Gainesville, PCA and FLBA
Immokalee, PCA and FLBA
Jacksonville, PCA
Lakeland, PCA and FLBA
Lake Wales, PCA
Live Oak, PCA and FLBA
Madison, PCA
Marianna, PCA and FLBA
Miami, PCA and FLBA
Monticello, PCA
Ocala, PCA
Okeechobee, PCA and FLBA
Orlando, PCA and FLBA
Palatka, PCA
Pensacola, PCA
Quincy, PCA
Sebring, PCA
Tampa, FLBA
Vero Beach, PCA and FLBA
Wauchula, PCA and FLBA



all in the family "




















Looking for a vacation home
with distinctive styling, con-
venience and economy? A
second home designed for
pleasure? Then we invite
you to enter a whole new
concept of carefree, leisure
living. For many enjoyable
stages of dreaming is as far
as it goes.
Why not pursue your dream
further by sending in $1.00
for our catalog of "Vacation
Homes."
CEDAR HOME OF FLA.
P. O. BOX 278
Chuluota, Fla. 32766


Clip and Mail today

To Farm Bureau Tours
P. O. Box 7605, Orlando, Florida 32804
Please send free descriptive brochure of the Farm Brueau's Grand Tour of
the Caribbean and deck plan of the ship.

Name

Address- Phone

City Zip Code



THIS MAY BE YOUR LAST

CHANCE TO SELECT THE

STATEROOM OF YOUR CHOICE

on the luxury liner SS Brazil, which as been chartered exclu-
sively for Farm Bureau people November 21 to December 5.

Reservations from throughout the nation are pouring into tour head-
quarters. Tour officials report bigger response than four years ago when a
similar tour was a complete sell-out months ahead.
The cruise ship will visit Curacao, Aruba, Bonaire and a total of nine
exotic islands of the Caribbean during its 15 day cruise. It departs and returns
to Florida's Ft. Lauderdale. A chartered train will be waiting to take returning
voyagers to the AFBF national convention in Washington, D.C. (The train trip
is, optional, of course).
This all-expense tour will be a never forgotten experience .. a delight-
ful, leisure vacation on one of the world's finest cruise ships a time to
meet Farm Bureau people from all over the nation. So rush your request for
information today. You won't be sorry .. just wait and seel


MONTHLY REPORT
Continued from page 3
important to our legislative success. You
will find that your legislators, even
though they are extremely overloaded
with meetings, will appreciate your opin-
ions. Please make every effort to be
sure your legislators know Farm Bureau's
position before they leave for Tallahassee.
The national Congress is still getting
settled and sort of waiting on the admin-
istration to make the first moves. How-
ever, many bills are being thrown in the
hopper and the legislative process will
begin to grind shortly. A real concerted
effort is being made to get all agricultural
workers under the National Labor Rela-
tions Act (S-8). The proponents are
using the grape boycott as a case in point,
but we hope this incident will react
against them. We'll keen you posted on
this and other national legislation as it
develops.

FB Insurance Company
Introduces New Service
A new computer analysis service is now
being offered by the Southern Farm Bu-
reau Life Insurance Comrany, according
to an announcement by Eugene C.
Badger, vice president, sales.
Mr. Badger said that the service "can
predict the financial needs of your fam-
ily to assure adequate protection for the
future."
"You can be sure now of future finan-
cial security for your family," he added,
explaining that "with SFBLIC's life in-
surance and annuity plans a predeterm-
ined amount of money can be provided
for any and all future needs." These
needs, he emphasized, include: "for your
retirement," "Your children's educa-
tion," "A home and income for your fam-
ily in the event of your death or dis,
ability."
(Editor's note: for further information
about the above, readers are urged to
contact County Farm Bureau Service
Agents or write Mr. Badger in care of
Southern Farm Bureau Life Insurance
Company, Box 78, Jackson, Miss. 39205.)

Florida ranks ahead of the following
battle producing states: Alabama, Alas-
ka, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colo-
rado, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia,
Hawaii, Idaho, Louisiana, Maine, Mary-
land, Massachusetts, Michigan, Nevada,
New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mex-
ico, North Carolina, Oregon, Rhode
Island, South Carolina, South Dakota,
Utah, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia,
Wisconsin and Wyoming.

Special feeder pig sales have been ex-
tended through April at five livestock
auction markets by Commissioner of Ag-
riculture Doyle Conner. Sales will be held
March 14 and April 18 at Madison;
March 21 and April 25 at Ocala; March
28 at Live Oak and April 11 at Gaines-
ville. Sales procedures will remain in ef-
fect as they have been since January 1.

4 Florida Agriculture, March, 1969









CALENDAR OF EVENTS

of interest to farmers.


Mar. 10-15. Pinellas County Fair, Largo.
Mar. 10-15. Martin C3unty Fair, Stuart.
Mar. 11. Annual Poultry Day, Orlando.
Mar. 11-13. Tobacco Expo 69, Convention Center,
Myrtle Beach. S. C.
March 11-15. Hernando County Fair. Brooksville.
Mar. 12, 29, 30. Flower Shows. Tallahassee.
Mar. 12-14. Suwannee River Fair & Livestock
Show. Bronson.
Mar. 14-15. Polk County Youth Show. Bartow.
Mar. 14-16. Flower Show. Coral Gables.
Mar. 15. Horse Show. Fairgrounds, Stuart.
Mar. 15-16. Flower Show. W. Palm Beach.
Mar. 17-22. Sarasota County Fair. Sarasota.
Mar. 18-23. Lake County Fair & Flower Show.
Eustis.
Mar. 19-22. Bradford County Fair and Strawberry
Festival. Starke.
Mar. 20. Special Field Day for Cabbage Growers,
Sanford.
March 20. Area Swine Show. Wakulla.
Mar. 21-22. Conf. on Rural Health, Philadelphia.
Mar. 22. Flagler County Cracker Day, Bunnell.
Mar. 22. SE Sunsh-ne Rodeo, Ocala.
Mar.. 23-29. National Future Homemakers of Amer-
ica Week.
Mar. 25. FRAPA meet, FFBF Bldg., Gainesville.
(See item below)
Mar. 26-28. Potato Industry Expo. Harrisburg, Pa.
Mar. 28. FFA land judging finals, Marianna.
Mar. 28, 29, 30. Fla. Foliage Festival, Apopka.
(Pictures & story next issue.)
Mar. 30. Silver Sands Bridle Club, Port Orange.
April 7. Florida Leg.slature convenes.
April 8-10. West Fla. Cattle Show and Sale.
Quincy.
April 11-15. Levy County Fair. Williston.
Apr. 15. FFBF board meeting, Tallahassee.
Apr. 18, 19. 4-H Dist. 9 week-end meet, Camp
Cloverleaf, Lake Piacid.
Apr. 23, 24. 25. Annual Fla. Turf-Grass Trade
Show, Orlando.
Apr. 29-May 2. Annual Festival of Florida Foods.
Orlando.
June 3, 4. So. Fla. Citrus Institute, Camp Clo-
verleaf, Lake Plae:d.
July. 8. Quarterly meeting, FFBF board of direc-
tors, Gainesville.
FARM BUREAU TOURS
The following are all-expense tours. Dates are
beg.naing and end of each tour:
April 24-June 5. South Pacific.
April 29-May 29. Spain, Portugal, Morocco.
May 4-26. Hawaii.
May 21-June 19. Scandinavia.
June 9-25 Alaska.
August 6-20. Hawaii.
Sept. 25-Oct. 22. New England Fall Foliage tour.
1969-Nov. 21-Dec. 5. AFBF Caribbean Cruise.
(See story elsewhere this issue.)
All details (even tips) handled by experienced,
qualified people. Go alone, as a couple or take
non-Farm Bureau friends along. For free brochure
& information write Hugh C. Waters, Farm Bureau
Tours, P.O. Box 7605, Orlando, Fla. 32804.

Farm Bureau Represented
At March Safety Meeting
The semi-annual meeting of the Flor-
ida Rural Accident Prevention Ass'n
(FRAPA) will be held in the FFBF state
headquarters building at Gainesville
March 25. The FFBF is a member of
the group and will be represented by
George Cappe, FFBF Safety Director, at
the meeting.

Cotton's leading producing states are,
in order of volume, Texas, Mississippi,
California, Arkansas, Arizona, Louisiana,
Alabama, Georgia, Tennessee, South
Carolina, New Mexico, Missouri, North
Carolina, Florida, Nevada, Kentucky and
Virginia.


Reddy Kilowatt makes


farms more profitable.

Farmers are among our best customers and Reddy is
proud to be your helper. Works for low wages around the
clock. Handles scores of chores. Saves many man-hours.
Reddy is always eager to show you new ways of
obtaining maximum benefits at minimum cost from your
Sunshine Service Electricity. Call us-Reddy is at your
service.


FLORIDA POWER & LIGHT COMPANY
HELPING BUILD FLORIDA








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READ THE "FARMER'S MART" ON PAGE 16

This is a monthly clearing house for things farmers want to buy or sell.
The column goes into the homes of over 35,000 top rural families in all areas
of Florida. Sell this big market through the "Farmer's Mart."


Florida Agriculture, March, 1969


jJ'


-L







BRIEFS FOR AND ABOUT FARMERS .!


RURAL HUMOR: Farmer, looking at
decrepit horse in racing stable: "Tell me,
what on earth are you going to do with
that horse?" Sportsman: "Why, I'm going
to race her." Farmer: "You'll win."
-From V.F.W. magazine.

THIS MONTH the period 20-26 will be
National Lawn and Garden Week. More
than 50 private organizations, including
representatives of the lawn and garden
industry, garden clubs, and other civic
groups have joined with USDA to sponsor
the observance.


BLACK LIGHT detection of milkstone
in dairy and milk products industries is
outlined in a new brochure. It provides
simple guide to inspecting for milkstone
contamination and is available on request
from Ultra-Violet Products, Inc., 5114
Walnut Grove Ave., San Gabriel, Calif.
91778.

AVERAGE PERSON consumes about
45 tons of food in a lifetime according to
"Fun Facts", released by the Wm.
Wrigley, Jr., Company.


STRAWBERRIES are consumed on the
average of 1.86 pounds per person in the
U.S. This is up 19 per cent from a year
ago, according to a recent report. Two of
Florida's best known strawberry festivals
take place each March. In Hillsborough
County the Strawbrry Festival was held
March 3 thru 8 in Plant City. Still to
come is the Bradford County Festival in
Stark, March 19 thru 22. (Note: Florida's
strawberry crop represents an annual $5.7
million income to farmers according to
the Florida Dept. of Agriculture).


A MATING SERVICE by computer is
being offered cattle breeders. The
program matches genetic data on 60
mature ABS sires with statistics on body
traits, production levels, and bloodlines
of each cow to be mated, according to a
recent announcement made by the
American Breeders Service, Inc. (For
more information write Lawrence W.
Keeley care above company at DeForest,
Wisc. 53532.


INVENTORS CONGRESS. April
29-M a y 2 will include an agricultural
category if the past two are an indication
of interest. The Congress will be held in
Orlando's Exposition Park as in the past.
Last year inventors from 10 states and
Canada participated. Other categories
included toys, mechanical safety, sports
and recreation. For more information
write: Russell H. Nahn, Florida Industries
Exposition. Exposition Park, Orlando.


"Okay, I give up what is it you
want now?"


"ARTIFICIAL MEATS Something
to Contend with in the Years Ahead" is
the title of an article in the current issue
of Washington Farmer. Editor Leland
Cade points out that the growth of the
admittedly tiny artificial meat business is
expected to be astronomical in the years
ahead-because of population growth and
costs. "With the world population
expected to double in the next 35 years
competition for land could make regular
meat a 'luxury' by 1987", Mr. Cade said.


How mine eyes have been enlightened
because I have tasted a little of this
honey.-I Samuel 14:29



A TREE FERTILIZATION program
started in 1954 by University of Florida
researchers has increased yields
considerably. In one plot the amount of
wood from pine trees more than tripled
by proper applications of fertilizer under
a managed program. The project is called
"CRIFF" (Cooperative Research in
Forest Fertilization). Some 9,000 tons of
wood are already being consumed daily
by Florida's pulp mills and demand may
double soon, the researchers say. (For
more information write: Chuck Woods,
ass't experiment station editor, University
of Florida, Gainesville).

A FLORIDA horticulturist suggested a
new procedure in the fight on weeds at
the annual Weed Science Society meeting
in Nevada last month. Dr. J. R. Orsenigo,
with the University of Florida's
Everglades Experiment station is Belle
Glade, said farmers may soon be able to
detect weed infestations from the air with
infra-red photography. (For a more
detailed report on Dr. Orsenigo's talk
write experiment station editor,
University of Florida, Gainesville).


DON'T STORE MANURE where it
will receive either roof water or surface
water from higher land nearby. This is
advice given in an article appearing in the
current issue of New Holland News which
also says that "manure piled in the open
should always be well compacted".


KEEP COWS CALM is the advice of a
Canadian veterinarian. Dr. F. C. Nelson of
Canada's Dept. of Agriculture says when
cows are excited a hormone is released
into the blood that has the opposite
effect to milk let-down. "It has been said
that a frightened cow and a frightened
jackrabbit give the same amount of
milk", he adds.


A ROUND BARN can accommodate
34 cows in a 60 foot diameter. This is but
one of the advantages of a new circular
barn designed by a Rutger's University
agricultural engineer. He says that the
stanchion barn was designed for an age of
hand labor that is now gone forever
whereas the round one is for the space
age. The new design is said to incorporate
three new ideas in dairy farming: free
stall housing, a continuous self feeding
system and liquid manure handling. For
more detailed information write Robert
A. Rogers, care Steel Products News
Bureau, 201 E. 42nd St., New York
10017.


NEIGHBOR South Carolina shows the
biggest expected increase in turkey
production so far this year. While the
nation as a whole will grow 3 per cent
more birds than last year (according to a
recent USDA estimate) South Carolina's
gain will be 150 per cent.


SOLAR HEAT is being used to produce
dry laying house litter and thus cleaner
eggs at the Fred Haley farm in Canton,
Georgia. The project collects heat from
the sun, stores it momentarily and then
disperses it through transition and
distribution ducts installed in two
existing 30' by 360' chicken laying
houses. For detailed information write Ed
Coster, Selvage & Lee, Inc., 500 Fifth
Ave., New York 10036.


FLORIDA'S SUGAR AND HONEY
fills part of the needs of the nation's
candy industry which produces over 3.1
billion pounds annually. This figure was
released recently by the Candy,
Chocolate and Confectionery Institute
which advises that candy originated more
than 3500 years ago when Egyptians
blended honey, nuts, chopped fruits,
sweet herbs and spices to make
"sweetmeats".


Florida Agriculture, March, 1969





























(Left) An artist sketch shows a city scene of the late 1800's.
The garbage collectors are transferring refuse from barrels into
their one-horse wagon for transportation to a nearby dump.


(Right) The current picture was made in New York City dur-
ing the garbage strike last year. The two pictures illustrate the
following article, written for this issue of FA.


Garbage: 300 Million Tons Per Year Problem


By Jerry Multer*
In 1920, Americans produced 50 mil-
lion tons of garbage annually; in 1950,
the figure was 100 million tons: by 1930,
it's estimated that we'll produce 300 mil-
lion tons of garbage each year.
Unfortunately, America's ability to
produce garbage is not matched by its
capacity to get rid of it. We are faced
with a monumental disposal problem that
threatens to bury the nation.
Smog choked air, polluted rivers and
littered streets are not only a blight on
the landscape, they are also poisonous
to plants and animals and a very real
threat to the continuance of life on earth.
When man first started disposing of gar-
bage through burning and dumping in
rivers, there was plenty of pure air and
water to dilute the pollutants. But these
reserves are fast being used up.
The disposal problem is aggravated
by the fact that most of us live in big
cities. Today, 70% of all Americans
live on 10% of the country's land, and
by the year 2000 the percentage of urban
dwellers is expected to reach 90%.
New York City, with the largest met-
ropolitan population, comes up with some
of the most staggering statistics. Each
square mile of Manhattan produces 375,-
000 pounds of waste to be incinerated


daily-and much of the ash from this
incineration just settles back down on
the people below!
The air pollution menace has grown
even worse because the size of our cities
actually slows down the movement of
winds which would normally cleanse the
air. At the same time, rising city heat
creates the mal inversions of warm air
over cold that hold poisonous smog hang-
ing over the same area for days. A


Second in a series: "Why it's
good to be in a rural area." See
page 19 last issue.-Editor.


blanket of low-hanging air pollution has
often led to public health crises, and a
sharp rise in the death rate for infants,
the elderly, and persons with chronic res-
piratory or cardiac conditions.
On the ground, we a-e proceeding with
the same disregard for the balance of
nature on which all of life is dependent.
We continue to dump sewage into rivers
and streams, thus destroying the microor-
ganisms that would normally cleanse the
water.
A major obstacle in finding a solution
to environmental pollution is our anti-


quated method of garbage disposal-a
method that's remained essentially un-
changed since the days of old Rome.
By the time the M:ddle Ages rolled
around, the problem was especially acute
because of the severe overcrowding of
cities. Most people disposed of their
trash by throwing it out the window, and
this practice grew worse as the years
went on. City fathers then tried letting
pigs roam the street to consume the gar-
bage; wealthy citizens carried perfumed
handkerchiefs to ward off the stench.
As late as the turn of the century,
American cities suffered widespread epi-
demics that were caused by poor sanita-
tion practices.
*Special writer for Editor's Digest
who says that engineers at SFM Corpor-
ation in Union, N., J., have developed
the first real innovation in garbage dis-
posal in more than 10 centuries. The plan
called "Mil-Pac" pulverizes the refuse,
squeezes out the liquid and compresses
what's left into relatively odorless bri-
quettes which are up to 15 times smaller
than the original material, according to
Mr. Multer who a'so says the processed
garbage will be used for land fill, fer-
tilizer and fuel. For further information
write Mr. Multer, care of Editor's Digest,
12 East 46th St. New York 10017.


Annual Festival of Florida Foods is April Highlight
Florida Agricultural progress will be on display when The popular "Taste and Test Kitchen" will again be
the 5th Annual Festival of Florida Foods opens in Orlando featured to allow buyers and the general public to sample
April 29-May 2. food products of their choice. Home economists will con-
Held as part of the Florida Industries Exposition, the duct many food demonstrations in the test kitchens. These
"Parade of Progress" is sponsored by the Florida Depart- will include citrus, dairy, seafood, egg and beef recipes.
ment of Agriculture and is the largest single exhibit in Major contributors in the 1969 Festival include: Florida
the Exposition. Board of Conservation; Florida Dairy Products Associa-
The vast improvements in quality, quantity, modern tion; American Dairy Association of Florida; Florida Egg
farming techniques will be depicted by more than 100 ex- Commission; Florida Flower Association; Florida Citrus
hibitors showing their advances in this multi-billion dollar Commission; Florida Fruit and Vegetable Asociation and
industry, the Florida Beef Council.







Easter-Season Stories


Florida Glads-$10 Million Crop


This month begins the annual peak
harvest for Florida grown gladiolus. This
$10 million plus crop exceeds that of any
other state. Last year Florida produced
63 percent of the entire production of
gladioli in the 23 states which market
this flower commercially.
Biggest producing area in the state is
the lower West coast which accounts for
4,900 acres of the state's 8,071 total. The
lower East coast from Stuart south has
1,570 acres under cultivation and all
other areas the remaining 1,601 acres. Al-
together Florida growers produced 16.2
million dozens of gladioli last year.
These flowers are harvested from about
October until July but marketing reach
a peak in March and April, in the south-
ern portions of the State.
In the North Florida areas the season
varies with little shipments during the


winter months. Around April 15 there
is a rapid increase in harvest activities
with heavier marketing through June.
The above information was furnished
for this issue by Joe E. Mullin, statisti-
cian in charge, Florida Crop and Live-
stock Reporting Service, State Depart-
ment of Agriculture.

(Editor's note: Lee County FB Presi-
dent G. T. Hawkins is a leading gladioli
grower, with some 800 acres under culti-
vation. His farms have supplied gladioli
to the FFBF's state conventions at each
annual meeting in recent years. Mr.
Hawkins is also a member of the FFBF's
board of directors. For information about
other Florida-grown flowers see this mag-
azine's October issue. Accompanying pic-
ture made for this issue by H. Armstrong
Roberts.)


History of Flowers Traced from Earliest Times


"Flowers," according to a leading psy-
chologist, "have been important ever
since the early days of mankind, because
they must have struck even our primitive
ancestors as representing a perfect replica
of human life."
The ancient Romans paid homage to
Flora, goddess of flowers, with an annual
festival, and Myrtle was sacred to Venus.
It has been found that because of their
scent, beauty, color and the tactile sen-
sation they afford, flowers have a general
uplifting effect when they are received.
Businessmen welcome new businesses
with flowers or plants, because they rep-
resent in the mind's vocabulary "hope-
fulness" and "growth." This time-hon-
ored precedent was set by ancient men of
wealth who would scatter roses lavishly
about their reception rooms. And even
the Aztec Indians knew the rose's psy-
chological power to please; they pre-
sented bouquets and wreaths of flowers
to honor distinguished guests.


Flower & Foliage
DIRECTORY
(In alphabetical Order)
Division of Plant Industry, Dept. of Agri-
culture, Box 1269, Gainesville. Charles Bush,
director.
F.orida Crop & Livestock Reporting Service,
Department of Agriculture, 1222 Woodward
Ave., Orlando, Fla.
Florida Flower Ass'n., Box 1569, Fort Myers.
George Beemer, executive secretary.
Florida Foliage Festival, Box 561, Apopka,
Fla. W. C. Harper, General Chairman. Ph.
889-3877. (See page 12).
Florida Nurserymen & Growers, Ass'n, Box 4,
Leesburg. Mrs. Alice Smart, dir. of Inf.
Florists Ass'n of Florida, 777 Miccosukee Road,
Tallahassee. Court Williams, President.
Nurserymen and Growers Ass'n. 180 W.
Brorein St., Tampa. James F. Griffin, E-ecutive
Secretary.
Society of American Florists, Ass'n, Sher-
wood Park Hotel, Washington, D.C. 2008.


In olden days, a red carnation sent
to one's sweetheart signified "My heart
aches for you." A branch of arbutus
meant "Thee only do I love." To which
the object of this ardor might reply by
sending back a sprig of ambrosia "Your
love is reciprocated or a moss rose bud
("I confess my love") or a Syrian mallow
("I am consumed by love"). The recip-
ient of a sprig of iceplant, however,.knew
he got the cold shoulder. Quite often


"Flowers are common in the
country as people are in London."
-Oscar Wilde, B. 1856.



an admirer would send a branch of vis-
caria ("Will you dance with me?"). Re-
sponding with a dried white rose meant
"Death is preferable to loss of inno-
cence!"


Florida Leads Nation
In Foliage & Glads
Florida is the nation's leading producer
of pompon chrysanthemums, gladioli and
foliage plants, according to a USDA pub-
lication entitled "Flowers and Foliage
Plants."
For a copy write: S'atistical Report-
ing Service, Crop Reporting Board,
USDA, Washington, D. C.
The publication lists total volume pro-
duced by the leading states and sales.
.(Editor's No'e: For more on foliage
plants see picture and story on page 12.
Also this magazine printed a detailed
article on chrysanthemums in a recent
issue. A few copies are still available.

8 Florida Agriculture, March, 1969


Even politicians knew how to say it.
A spray of oleander meant "Caution!"
And when they sent somebody a sprig
of monkhood, it meant "Beware, a deadly
foe is near!"
During the Middle Ages, a tradition
of the therapeutic value of flowers, spices
and herbs developed which has survived
and been translated into the modern sci-
ence of medicine. While many of the old
recipes using flowers and leaves for medi-
cine are not valid (although a few are!)
the psychological significance remains
for a good many people.
Bishop Coxe once wrote wisely: "Flow-
ers are words which even a babe may
understand."
(Editor's note: The accompanying story
was written for this pre-Easter issue of
FLORIDA AGRICULTURE by a special
writer for the Florists' Transworld De-
livery Association.)


FLOWER SHOWS
CALENDAR
Mar. 9, 10. Orchid Show, Lee County Bank
Lobby, Ft. Myers. 10 a m. to 6 p.m. Phone
Mrs. James Sap., ED 2-4682.
Mar. 12. Flower Show, LeMoyne Art Founda-
tion, Lilac Garden Circle. Tal ahassee.
Mar. 14-16. Flower Show, Youth Center, Coral
Gab es.
Mar. 15-16. Flower Show (Mature's Paint
Brush), Norton Gallery, Pioneer P.ace. West
Palm Eeach.
Mar. 24-29. Lake County F!ower Show. Eust's.
Mar. 28-30. Annual FlorIda Foliage Festival.
Highway 435, Apopka.
Mar. 29-30. Orchid Show, Tal'ahassee Bank
and Trust Co.
Apr. 7-16. Flower Show, Dinner Key Aud.,
Miami.
Apr. 12-13. Rose Show, 1005 Riverside Ave.,
Jacksonville.
Apr. 12-13. Spring Flower Show. Garden
Center, Pensacola.
Apr. 15 Standard Flower Show, Garden
Center. Tallahassee.
May 24. Hemeroca'lis Celebration flower
show. Garden Center, Pensacola.







THE COVER PICTURE
The cover picture heralds the
1969 Easter season. (See page 14
for Easter Egg ideas and recipes).
Florida's farm income from poultry
now tops $67 million annually ac-
cording to latest figures compiled by
the Department of Agriculture. The
total breaks down as follows: eggs,
$53.9 million; broilers, $10.5 mil-
lion, other chickens, $2.8 million
and turkeys, $604,000. The aver-
age production per layer in Florida
last year was 233 eggs, compared
to the U.S. average of 221. Florida
now ranks first among states in rate
of egg production. Hillsborough
county leads in egg production
followed by Pasco, Hernando,
Nassau and Polk. As this issue went
into the mails the Florida Poultry
Federation was holding its fourth
annual "Day" in Orlando, with head-
quarters at the Robert Meyer Motor
Inn. The annual Florida Poultry
Institute will be held May 12, 13, 14
at Gainesville, according to an an-
nouncement released recently by
J. S. Moore Extension Poultryman.
(More on this will be printed next
issue. editor). (Photo by Bob
Taylor.)


Lightning's Destructive
Power Costly to Farmers
Lightning's destructive power cost
American Farmers over $45 million dur-
ing 1968 in major barn, house and other
building losses, according to the Light-
ning Protection Institute, Ch;cago.
Additional millions of dollars were lost
to minor non-fire lightning strikes which
cause "nuisance" damage to buildings,
appliances, and equipment. Lightning is
also responsible for 80 to 90 percent of
all livestock losses in the average year.
At least 3,050 barns were struck by
major lightning bolts, and nearly 2,000
burned to the ground, reported the In-
stitute. This high percentage of total
losses reflects the tinderbox nature of
barns, coupled with the difficulty of fire
control in rural areas.
Total estimated loss of the barns
burned was $32 million, an average of
about $16,000. Nearly 1,000 farmhouses
were hit, with an average loss of $15,000
for those destroyed, and $2,900 for those
damaged-a total loss of over $4.5 mil-
lion, the Institute says.
(Editor's note: George Cappe, FFBF
director of safety and engineering, sug-
gests having a qualified electrician to
check the wiring system to be sure it is
properly grounded. "Our experience in
Florida," he says, "indicates that most
of the damage from lightning results from
surges entering through the electrical
supply.")

Top tobacco producing states are:
North Carolina, Kentucky, Virginia,
South Carolina, Tennessee, Georgia,
Ohio, Pennsylvania, Missouri, Florida,
Ohio and Wisconsin.

Florida Agriculture, March, 1969


U. S. Farm History

Tobacco Farming
Began in Jamestown
American agriculture began tentatively
on a small farm in Jamestown, Virginia
just over 350 years ago. The first crop
was of a tobacco type new to the area.
Its seeds had been brought in from the
Spanish colonies of Trinidad and Caracas.
The original planter of the imported
seeds was John Rolfe, whose romance
and marriage with Pocahontas in 1614
brought him popular fame. His discov-
ery that Virginia's soil would produce a
much-desired crop had far-reaching con-
sequences.
Four times in the preceding quarter
century Britain had attempted to estab-
lish a settlement in the New World. Vir-
ginia, the fifth attempt, then England's
only colony, was close to failure. Its
severe economic problem was solved
through the ingenuity of Rolfe. He was
not only America's first experimental ag-
riculturist; he was also responsible for
the inception of a great commerce.
The first shipment of leaf from Rolfe's
little Virginia farm went to England in
1613. Though only a few hundred
pounds, London traders welcomed it for
its quality and demanded more. In con-
sequence, production increased progres-
sively. By the end of the colonial period
the tobacco colonies of Virginia, Mary-
land and the Carolinas were exporting


"Most of the people living in New
York have come here from the
farm to try to make enough money
to go back to the farm." -Don
Marquis, 1878.


an average of 100 million pounds of leaf
annually.
The above is from a slick publication
produced by the Tobacco Institute, Inc.
The periodical also includes the follow-
ing notes about tobacco:
"Generally, tobacco ranks fourth in the
overall value of cash crops grown by
American farmers."
"Some 750,000 American farm families
engage in the production of tobacco."
"There are over 900 auction warehouse
sales floors in 12 states, chiefly in the
seaboard states from Florida to Maryland
and in Kentucky and Tennessee."
"Before the Revolution most planters
sold their leaf to British merchants op-
erat;ng on the consignment system."
"The white columns of the national
Capital have a tobacco leaf motif."
"Taxes take about 43 percent of the
retail cost of all tobacco products sold
in the nation."
(Note: Florida produces both flue-
cured and shade types of tobacco, which
return growers over $30 million annually.
Tobacco ranks fifth in value among Flor-
ida's crops according to the Florida De-
partment of Agriculture.)


This illustration shows tobacco under
cultivation in an American Indian vil-
lage. This was Secota, located near Bath
in present Beaufort County, North Caro-
lina. The engraving is after an original
water color by John White, a Roanoke
Island settler in 1587. The tobacco fields
marked "E" (upper center and lower
left) were added by the engraver, Theo-
dore de Bry. (Courtesy Tobacco Insti-
tute, 1735 K St., NW, Washington, D.C.)

DO YOU KNOW YOUR RIGHTS?
(This is the first in a series. Test your
knowledge of the law by checking it with
answers to these questions):
If you collide with another driver at an
intersection, who's entitled to -collect -
you or the other guy?
It depends on who has the right-of-
way. If one driver runs-through a stop
sign or traffic light, the other may col-
lect. But if there's no sign or light, the
following rules apply: (a) the car that
reaches the intersection first has the
right-of-way regardless of direction; (b)
if you and another car reach the inter-
section at the same time, the car to your
right has the right-of-way. (source:
Compton's Encyclopedia, published by
F. E. Compton Company, Chicago.)








HOW'RE THEY REALLY DOING
DOWN ON THE FARM?
Some facts and figures assembled
from government sources by New
Holland Division of Sperry Rand
Corp. in the interest of straight
talk and a clear understanding about
farm income and the farmer's cur-
rent economic situation.
QUESTION: "Why are food bills up
at the super market?
ANSWER: The cost of processing
foods is one answer. Many of our
popular modern foods are canned,
frozen, concentrated, dehydrated,
ready-mixed, ready-to-serve or in
heat and-serve form. And costs of
transporting and packaging foods is
another. Non-food items that enter
into the total on the check-out tape
are still another answer.
"In other words the cost of mar-
keting food has sent the grocery
bills up to a large extent. From
1947 to 1966, the total bill for mar-
ket;ng America's food went from
$22.6 billion to over $52.1 billion-
better than a 130% increase in less
than 20 years.
"Food costs have risen less than
most consumer items in the cost-of-
living index since 1947. From that
period food costs increased only
35% and that's compared with 85%
increase in medical care costs and
the same period and a 52% increase
in rent costs."
(Editor's note: Next time some-
one starts talking loosely about how
farmers are "living off the fat of the
land" mention the above facts.)


FFBF Field Services Division


By Charles Blair, FFBF Administrative Assistant
and Acting Director Field Services Division


Again the FFBF takes pleasure in an-
nouncing the 1969 Winn-Dixie Farm Bu-
reau Scholarship program. As in the past,
two $1,500 scholarships will be awarded,
one to a boy and one to a girl, two grad-
uating seniors whose parents are mem-
bers of the FFBF.
Application blanks may be secured
from all County Farm Bureau offices or
by writing directly to the FFBF office at
4350 SW 13th St., Gainesville.
In addition to the two scholarships a
second place award of $100.00 and a third
place award of $50.00 will also be given
to runners-up in both the boys' and girls'
divisions.
Last year's winners were Francine
Tomkow of Trilby and Paul Strickler of
Alachua. Both are now attending college.
Runners-up last year were: Betty Al-
lene Smith of Chattahoochee; Cheri Boyd
of Newberry; Thomas R. Townsend, Jr.,
of DeLand; and Richard Tombrink of
Dade City.
As in the past Ihis year's award win-
ners will be guests of the FFBF at its
annual state convention, which will be
held this Fall in Panama City.
Funds for the scholarship are supplied
by the Winn-Dixie Grocery Company of
Jacksonville.
All sons and daughters of active Farm
Bureau members throughout vlorida are
invited to participate.


These pages also include items of in-
terest pertaining to County Farm Bureau
activities around the state as reported
by the FFBF fieldmen (see top of op-o-
site page); the FFBF Information De-
partment; County FB offices and others.

Bay FB's Secretary-Treasurer, Mrs.
Elizabeth Coudert of Fountain, reports
receipt of membership dues from Staff
Sgt. Edwin L. Bond, 14th Civil Engineer-
ing Sqd., 14th Combat Support Group,
PACAF, APO, San Francisco 96205.
(Editor's note: this means, of course,
that Sgt. Bond is in Viet Nam.) Sgt.
Bond owns farm property in Bay County.

Dixie FB's Ella J. Delaney, of Old
Town, publicity chairman, reports that
the Farm Bureau float won second place
in the recent County Rodeo Parade. She
also said that a highlight of last month's
meeting included a talk by J. J. Brial-
mont of Bell, who is a member of the
FFBF's board of directo-s. Mr. Bell dis-
cussed "What is being done in the legis-
lature for farmers."

Dixie FB's Mr. and Mrs. Clayton
Welch of Cross City, who are that coun-
ty's 1969 "Farm Family of the Year,"
have lived in that area all their lives.


(Left picture below) Osceola FB's Henry O. Partin of
Kissimmee, was awarded the Pioneer Purebred Brahman
Breeder of the State plaque at the recent Florida State Fair
in Tampa. Here Oscar L. Partin (second from left), son of
the award winner, is seen accepting the trophy for his father
from J. McK. Jeter, acting manager of the fair. Center is
Walda Anne Williamson, out-going "Miss Sunflavor," present-
ing the "Pioneer Commercial Brahman Breeder award to


Charles Lykes of Tampa. Commissioner of Agriculture Doyle
Conner (right), announced the award presentations. (Right
picture below) Lake County FB's Carroll L. Ward, Jr., is pic-
tured here with his grand champion female Guernsey in the
Florida State Fair's Dairy cattle competition. Presenting the
plaque is Kathy Yancey, Manatee County Dairy Champions
Princess and daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Lester Yancey. (photos
courtesy Florida State Fair.)













EMERSON


The new Okeechobee County Farm
Bureau building is seen in background
of this picture by John Zwirz. Mrs. Di-
ana Thompson, office secretary, and J.
Ed Bell, County Service Agent are in
the foreground.

pg.


Alachua FB's board of directors and
guests, at a recent meeting in Gaines-
ville heard a talk by Dr. Ben Joshua of
Israel (left) pictured here with James S.
Wershow, county president. Dr. Joshua
is associated with the Volcani Agricul-
ture Institute of Israel. He described
farming in that country and also told
how he operated a dairy of 170 cows on
eight acres of land. Mr. Wershow has
been named recently to membership of
the National Tobacco Advisory Commit-
tee and is the only representative from
Florida on that body.

FFBF Board member Arlen Jumper of
Weirsdale (second from right) led a
Florida delegation to last month's an-
nual National Peach Council Trade Show
and Convention held in Roanoke, Vir-
ginia. The group was pictured here in
the lobby of the Hotel Roanoke, conven-
tion headquarters. The group includes:
L to R-Ed Gerrits, Crystal River, a di-
rector of the Florida Peach Grower's
Ass'n; Roger Parker, Ocala, a director
and vice-president; Mr. Jumper who is
president of the Ass'n; and Ed Gerrits,
Jr., also of Crystal River and member of
the association. Next year's national
meeting will be held in Denver, Colo.
(Photo courtesy: Lora Stone, secretary,
National Peach Council, which has head-
quarters at 22 W. Sherwood Dr., St.
Louis, Mo.)


Columbia FB Secretary Margie Mark-
ham reports that the County Fair is
scheduled for Oct. 28-Nov. 1 in Lake City.

Lake County FB's Walter A. Ames of
Leesburg writes: "I had the privilege of
visiting friends who were on the SS
Brazil at Oslo, Norway several years
ago." Mr. Ames refers to the SS Brazil
because it has been chartered exclusively
for Farm Bureau people prior to the
forthcoming national convention. The
ship will depart from Ft. Lauderdale No-
vember 21 and return on December 5,
after visiting nine ports of call in the
Caribbean. (See page 15 for more in-
formation.)



DEsar r,,,.
FAiR









DeSoto FB's exhibit at the recent
Pasco Fair won first place for the second
year in a row. This is a picture of the
prize-winning display. The fair exhibit
committee included: Walter Bethel, F. H.
Bjuseman, Earl Carlton, Tommy Dees,
Phil Turner and W. L. Wood.

Palm Beach County's recent South
Florida Fair and Exposition at West


Palm Beach attracted a record attend-
ance of 254,256, which surpassed last
year's by some 20,000. The Fair's pub-
licity office said that the "single biggest
new attraction was the king-sized horse
ring and the largest quarter horse show
to be staged in Florida."

Bradford County's Fair and Straw-
berry Festival last month highlighted a
personal appearance of Miss America,
Judith Ann Fo-d, former Miss Illinois
and a former Farm Bureau Queen.



DIRECTORY FFBF
FIELD REPRESENTATIVES
Allen Hobbs-2174 W. Ariana Blvd.,
Auburndale. Ph. 1-813-967-5403.
Dennis Emerson-Rt. 1, Box 292,
Oklawaha. Ph. 1-904-236-3172.
Ed Shadd-P. O. Box 192,
Raiford. Ph. 1-904-431-1361.
Wayne Knowles-P. O. Box 518,
Marianna. Ph. 1-904-482-3226.
Larry Sullivan, Lake Reedy,
Frostproof. Ph. 1-813-635-4666.
Alexander Spilman, 1516 NE 13th
St., Gainesville. Ph. 1-904-376-1748.



Okeechobee FB's Mrs. Joe Cherry re-
ports that a total of 45 steers belonging
to 4-H and FFA members were sold in
connection with the recent annual fair
in that county. She says that this was the
first show and sale held in the new Live-
stock Pavilion in Okeechobee.


Florida Agriculture, March, 1969


HOBBS


SHADD


KNOWLES


SULLIVAN


SPILMAN













Florida's current "Foliage Queen" will relinquish her crown
to a successor this month. Selection of a new queen is a high-
light of the forthcoming 1969 Florida Foliage Festival to be
held March 28, 29 and 30 in Apopka. Queen Peggy McGrath
is pictured here with one of the award-winning booths at last
year's festival, which attracted over 50,000 visitors, with nearly
every State represented. The event features the most complete
array of live indoor foliage plants in the U.S. Miss McGrath,
21, is a native of Tampa where she attended the University of
South Florida. Before winning the Foliage Queen title she
had worn the following beauty crowns: "Miss Florida Flora,"
"'Miss Tampa," "Miss Cape Atoll" and was first runner-up in
last year's "Miss Sunflavor" contest. She will award the
1969-70 Foliage Queen crown to her successor at this month's
festival, which is headquartered on highway 435 (Rock Springs
Road) north of Apopka next to the Dream Lake school. The
event is sponsored by the Apopka Jaycees. (Photo courtesy
W. C. Harper, festival chairman, Rt. 2, Box 520-B, Apopha
32703.)




Short Items of Interest to Rural Youth


More than 5,000 4-H Club members,
parents and friends celebrated state 4-H
Club day at Florida State Fair in Tampa
last month according to Alma Warren,
assistant Extension Editor, University of
Florida. The announcement said that
special trains and buses as well as planes
carried county delegations to the event.

Florida's state 4-H leader, W. W.
Brown of Gainesville, has been awarded
the coveted national Gold Key Citation
by the Federal Cooperative Extension
Service, USDA. He was cited for his
outstanding contributions to the growth
and development of the 4-H club pro-
gram in Florida. Mr. Brown is currently
chairman of the Florida Agricultural Ex-



~j~Ke~


tension Service's 4-H and Youth Devel-
opment Project.

Sumter County's 4-H Club won first
place in the dairy judging competition
at the fair, with Orange and Lake in
second and third place.

Marion County's Greg Weinspach, 4-H
club member of Ocala has been named
winner of the $200 Doyle Conner Schol-
arship. He was selected as the top
Marion County member who entered a
steer in the 1969 SE Fat Stock Show held
February 4. Greg is the son of Mr.
and Mrs. Robert Weinspach and is a
junior at Ocala High School. Commis-
sioner of Agriculture Doyle Conner pro-
vides the college scholarship annually.

Annual Winn-Dixie Farm Bureau col-
lege scholarship applications are now
available to sons and daughters of active
FB members. Copies may be obtained
from any County Farm Bureau office or
by writing the FFBF headquarters at
4350 SW 13th St., Gainesville.
All sons and daughters of active Farm
Bureau members are eligible to compete

Popular model Leslie-Ann Warren
models this classic one-needle cardigan.
As this sweater is extremely simple, it
adapts itself marvelously to embroidery
or beading for that extra lift. Illustrated
instructions come in sizes 8 through 22.
All sizes are included on one pattern. To
order send 750 in coin, check or money
order to Ursula duBois Lewis, care FLOR-
IDA AGRICULTURE Patterns, Box 3307, Van
Nuys, Calif. 91407. Ask for Sweater
number 73 pattern.


for the two awards, worth $1500 each.
Successful candidates will also be guests
of the FFBF's annual sta'e convention
in the Fall at Panama City.
Last year's winners were Francine
Tomkow of Trilby and Paul Stickler of
Alachua. Both are now attending college.

Sarasota's Terry Ann Mann, age 11,
correctly identified the rodeo rider and
his horse in last month's quiz.

Fort Meade's Katherine, Ruth Young
was named Florida Citrus Queen at the
recent coronation ball held during Flor-
ida Citrus Showcase in Winter Haven.
For the next year she will travel through-
out the nation making appearances for
the Florida citrus industry. The new
queen is blonde, stands 5'5", weighs 120
pounds. Her scholastic record is rated
as "outstanding." She is the daughter
of Mr. and Mrs. A. T. Young.

Youth winners in the rabbit breeders
show at the Florida State Fair last month
included: Lloyd Riley, Gibsonton; Ste-


YOUTH HUMOR
A man was giving some advice to
his son. At the end of a rather
stern lecture, he said: "Now, my
boy, you understand perfectly what
I mean?"
"Yes," replied the boy, "what it
boils down to is this: If I do well
it's because of heredity, and if I fail
it's my own fault." -From Gulf
Breeze.


Florida Agriculture, March, 1969




























Cathy Muirhead (center), 19 year old
sophomore at Texas Woman's University,
Denton, is the nation's new Maid of Cot-
ton. The hazel-eyed brownette wcs
chosen as the cotton industry's 1969 fash-
ion and good will ambassadress at finals
in Memphis, Tenn., last month. First
alternate is 20 year old Cynthia Vincent
(left), of Martin, Tenn., who is a junior
at the University of Mississippi. Second
alternate is Eileen Arnold, 20, El Paso,
a junior at Rice University. The new
Maid will visit 33 cities in North Amer-
ica before touring a number of countries
in the Far East. (Editor's note: Young
women who are residents of the cotton
producing states may enter this annual
contest. For details write: National Cot-
ton Council, Box 12285, Memphis, Tenn.

phen Candilera, Tampa; Tempy Adams,
Tampa; David Harris, Tamt-a; James
Tomlinson, Lutz; Harold Jones, Lake-
land; Henry Price, Jr., Seffner; and Invid
Thompson, Tampa.


"Young Farmer Award"

Former County FB
President Honored
Duval County Farm Bureau's Past
President Herman O. Jones, Jr., of Jack-
sonville, has been named "Outstanding
Young Farmer" for 1969 by the Florida
Jaycees. The selection was announced at
the organization's winter conference held
in Cocoa Beach last month.
Mr. Jones is vice president and part
owner of Oak Crest Hatcheries which
produces 150,000 chicks per week and
ships to 12 states and 19 countries. He
is also executive vice president and part
owner of Oak Crest Enterprises, Inc.,
which raises a million pullets a year and
exports 200 cases of hatching eggs weekly.
The award winner also served as Duval
County Farm Bureau's vice president
and member of its board of directors.
Other agricultural activities include:
past president of the Duval County Poul-
try Ass'n; past president Florida Hatch-
ery and Breeder Ass'n (and currently
secretary-treasurer); past president Flor-
ida State Poultry Producers Ass'n; past
president Florida Industry (poultry)
Fed.; chairman of the Jacksonville C of
C's agricultural committee and member
of its world trade committee; member
board, Poultry Industry Sales Club; past
vice president SE Poultry Ass'n (and
currently member of board); board mem-
bar Florida Int. Agricultural Trade Coun-
cil; and is currently a 4-H Club advisor.
Other awards and agricultural honors
include: Outstanding Young Farmer by
Jacksonville Jayceees in 1963, 1964 and
1938; alumni award winner for 4-H club
work; man of the year by SE Poultry
Ass'n; man of the year, Florida Poultry
Industry; grand rooster award by Florida
Poultry Industry; and appointment to
represent the Florida Poultry Industry
on the Advisory Council of the Florida
Department of Agriculture.


Herman O. Jones, Jr., Jacksonville,
former Duval FB President, who has
been named "Outstanding Young Farmer
of Year."

Mr. Jones was raised in Duval County
and is a graduate of the University of
Florida with a BSA degree in agriculture.
He is married to the former Marjorie
Seaver. The couple has two girls, Pam
and Vicie and they live at 4134 Water
Oak Lane in Jacksonville.

National FHA Week This Month
Some 600,000 high school home econ-
omics students throughout the nation
will observe National FHA Week this
month. The annual event takes place
during the period March 23-29.

Okeechobee's Terry Lyn Reidel, daugh-
ter of Mrs. Billie Jean Reidel, was chosen
FFA Sweetheart at the recent Fat Stock
sale in that city. (See page 11 for
more.)


Escambia FB's President Merwyn Barrineau of Cantonment
(right), is seen here after he presented annual awards to the
4-H Boy and Girl of the Year recently. Award winners are
Byron Smith (second from left) and Pam Shelden. At left is
John E. Frenkel, Jr., assistant general manager of the Pensa-
cola Interstate Fair. The awards banquet was jointly sponsored
by the Escambia FB and the Interstate Fair. (Photo courtesy
Pensacola News-Journal.)


In the Future Farmers of America citrus identification contest
at the recent Florida Citrus Showcase in Winter Haven, these
four were individual high scorers. They are L to R Darryl
Townsend of Dade City, first; Chris Cassella of Dade City,
second; Robbie Teston of Dade City, tied for third with John
Ford of Lakeland. The Dcde City FFA judging team was a
repeat winner. Groveland's team placed second and third place'
went to the Lakeland team. (Fla. Dept. of Agri. Photo.)









FOR WOMEN ONLY


By Mrs. Marvin Crutchfield, FFBF's Women's Chairman


Patricia Myles, director of home econ-
omics, for the Poultry and Egg National
Board, suggests to FLORIDA AGRICULTURE
readers this "Special Egg Club" sandwich
lunch for the Easter season. The sand-
wich combines hard-cooked eggs, ham and
Swiss cheese. "What makes this sand-
wich special is the egg salad dressing,
chock full of finely chopped hard-cooked
eggs and tangy seasonings," she says. The
complete meal needs only a few dill
pickle spears, radish roses for extra gar-
nish and flavor, plus a glass of cold milk.
For the egg salad dressing and directions
for making the sandwich write Jane
Meyer, FLORIDA AGRICULTURE, 4350 SW
13th St., Gainesville, Fla. Include a self-
addressed envelope, please.)


SMV EMBLEMS
See Guest Editorial on page 18.
(Sale of the emblems is a FB
Women's Committee project.)


A March highlight for Farm Bureau
women throughout Florida was the 1969
Workshop held in Gainesville at the
FFBF state headquarters building.
All women district chairmen, commit-
tee chairmen as well as others, were in-
vited to attend this important two-day
meeting.
This year's theme, "Progress Thru
Participation," was discussed in depth.
The program which includes "Respect


"Of all the home remedies, a good
wife is the best."-Elbert Hubbard.


for Law and Order"; "Local Affairs";
and "Informa'ion"; with numerous ways
to accomplish each was outlined. These
points were covered in our printed pro-
gram which each person has carried back
to her respective county. I'm sure each
will discuss them at your next local
meeting.
All of us who work in the Farm Bureau
know that if we are to make real prog-
ress, we must concentrate our energies
in areas in which we can be most effec-
tive; that we must make a plan for mov-
ing toward our objectives; that everyone
of us must be active and participate. I
feel sure that the Workshop helped ac-
complish these goals.
I wish to thank everyone who helped
make our 1969 Women's Workshop a suc-
cess, especially American Farm Bureau
Women's Committee vice president, Mrs.
William Wilkie for being with us.


Calhoun FB's Mrs. Stanley R. Shirk,
correctly identified this magazine's mys-
tery picture last month. The photograph
printed was a salt block.

AFBF's regional workshop for Farm
Bureau women will be held in Montgom-
ery, Ala., July 15-16, for Florida, South
Carolina, Alabama, Georgia and Mis-
sissippi.

Do your slipcovers need to be replaced?
Consider the advantages of stretch nylon
covers that come in a great variety of
custom-tailored styles and sizes to fit
practically all kinds of chairs and sofas.
They are machine-washable, quick-dry-
ing, and need no ironing.

Among the other virtues of durable
press fabrics is their ability to dry
quickly. To avoid setting creases, re-
move from dryer and hang on hangers
just as soon as they start to feel dry to
the touch.

Highlands County FB's Helen Taylor
of 227 N. Lakeview, Sebring, has been
extended appreciation by the editor of
FA's women's section for her recent
complimentary comments.

If eggs cost 60 cents a dozen that fig-
ures about 40 cents per pound. "And
that's a real good buy," according to the
Ford Almanac, "because eggs provide
a rich source of vitamins A and B, iron
and protein." (See Easter egg recipes
below and Easter egg cover picture des-
cription on page 9.)


It's An Easter Bunny Cake. Anyone who enjoys children
will enjoy making this gay Easter bunny. It is made by cut-
ting up a loaf cake, then fitting the parts into a bunny shape
held together with frosting and small picks. Coconut, of course,
makes the fur and jelly beans the eyes and nose. Readers may


>'om monIW


request free directions for making the bunny; recipe for the
No Cook Marshmallow Frosting and the Old Fashioned Loaf
Cake. Just request "Easter Bunny Directions" and all three
a-e sent to you from FLOmIDA AGRICULTURE, 4350 SW 13th St.,
Gainesville, Florida. (Please send self-addressed envelope.)
ilattak --A







Second in a series
PROFILE FOR PROGRESS
by Mrs. Haven Smith, chairman,
AFBF Women's Committee


"In Chile last spring I talked with a
wise and learned man who had just re-
turned from our Country. He said, 'You
live in the greatest nation on earth.
What is the matter with your adults
that they are always talking about what's
wrong with America? Why don't
they talk about what's right? If you
raise a generation of young people who
fail to appreciate what's right with Amer-
ica, your great free country can be lost.'
How true this is!
"If you were to ask the students in the
high schools of your State to write an
essay about their country, what would
they say? Would they remember to say
that never in the past has a society of-
fered so much prosperity for so many of
its people-that 37 million families own
their own homes-that 94 percent of
American families own at least one TV
set-that, with 7 percent of the world's
land and 6 percent of the world's popu-
lation, we produce one-third oj all the
world's goods and services and that fewer
than 6 percent of our citizens on the farm
provide abundant food for 200 million
Americans and also for 100 million other
people around the world?"

Clabber and Chitterlings
Early Rural Favorites
At the turn of the century boys and
girls did not know about hamburgers,
milk-shakes and other favorite foods of
today.
A typical lunch, at least in the Blue
Ridge mountain area, consisted of "clab-
ber with nutmeg, fried chitterlings, col-
lard greens with salt pork, fried hominy,
milk with all the cream and huckleberry
pie.
"And Sunday dinner, when the preach-
er came: boiled chicken with dumplings,
fried patty-pan squash, creamed field
corn, a pone of cornbread, and pumpkin
pie."
A recent story in the Asheville Citizen-
Times (N.C.) quoted the above from an
interview with a nearby resident who
grew up on a dairy farm near Tryon.
(Editor's note: For benefit of readers
too young to know what clabber is here
is the recipe which appeared along with
the above story: "Let whole milk sour.
As soon as it separates, pour off the whey.
Dish out the clabber and eat with a
spoon, like yogurt.")

Potatoes are produced commercially in
every state of the nation. Leaders are
Idaho, Maine, Colorado, New Mexico,
North Dakota, Washington, Wisconsin,
Connecticut, Mississippi, Oregon, Michi-
gan and Florida.


Farm Bureau Tours

Luxury Cruise Ship
Is Now Exclusive
By Kenneth E. Goy
Executive Vice President
Farm Bureau Tours
With over two-thirds of the beautiful
staterooms aboard the SS Brasil already
assigned to Farm Bureau members and
their families across the country, a ship-
load of congenial people will be jetti-
soning their troubles and gliding off to
sea on November 21st.
They'll be Caribbean-bound for 14
days-visiting 9 exotic ports of call on
the EXCLUSIVE Grand Cruise just
prior to the 51st Annual Meeting of the
American Farm Bureau Federa+ion in
Washington, D.C. Response has been so


Other tours listed on page 5.


tremendous that the entire luxury liner-
America's newest and finest-will be for
the EXCLUSIVE enjoyment of the Farm
Bureau group. Remaining staterooms-
all w'th private facilities and luxurious
appointments are distributed well
throughout the 26 different price cate-
gories. All are outside staterooms.
The luxury cruise ship will serve as a
floating resort, with top-flight entertain-
ment and sumptuous meals. Clear days
and balmy nights promise an ideal at-
mosphere for ship-board parties or soli-
tary strolls around the promenade deck
under a tropical moon. As a prelude
to the activity and business of the AFBF
Annual Meeting, the 14 days aboard ship
visiting Jamaica, Aruba, Curacao, Bon-
aire, Trinidad, Barbados, Guadeloupe,
Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico will be
free from care. The telephones will be
silent. No bills in the mail, no salesmen,
no barking dogs, no beds to make or
meals to cook. Travelers aboard the SS
Brasil are spared the tedium of daily
packing and unpacking-checking in and
out of hotels, or spending extra time and
money on taxis.
Fourteen excellent sho-e excursions on
the 9 islands are available to see first-
hand the interesting cultures of Spanish,
British, Dutch, American, French, and
Danish origin.
With such tremendous response, and
with most of the staterooms reserved, and
reservations being made daily, early sign-
ups are being recommended, by writing
Farm Bureau Tours, P.O. Box 7605,
Orlando, Fla. 32804.

Rural Humor: After the farmer's frail
and elderly wife broke her leg, the doc-
tor put it in a cast and warned her not
to walk up or down the stairs. After a
month of healing, the doctor removed
the cast. "Can I use the stairs now?" she
asked. "Yes," the doctor said. "Good,"
she exclaimed, "I'm certainly sick of
climbing up and down the drainpipe."
-From VFW magazine.


"A favorite of knitters. This one-needle
sweater is started at the neck and is
modeled by Linda Kaye, Television Ac-
tress. Fronts, sleeves, and back are knit-
ted in one which eliminates finishing of
side seams and setting-in sleeves. This
style of sweater is the most practical to
knit and to wear. Neck, cuffs and hem-
line of this sweater are finished in a knit
1, purl 1 ribbing. The front facing and
border is knitted in one, again to elimi-
nate extra finishing. Buttonholes are
not knitted in as machinemade button-
holes are much neater and much quicker
to make. Illustrated instructions come
in sizes 8 through 22, all included on
one pattern."-By Ursula duBois Lewis.
To obtain above pattern request "One-
Needle Sweater No. 75" from Ursula du-
Bois Lewis, Florida Agriculture, Box
3307, Van Nuys, Calif. 91407. Send 75
cents in coin, check or money order. Be
sure and print plainly, your name, ad-
dress & zip code.


Soap Described As One
Of Oldest Known Crafts

Soap is believed to have been discov-
ered accidentally when women, washing
in the rivers, used clay from Sapo Hill in
ancient Rome. The clay contained fat'
and ash from sacrificial al'ars and this
made a soapy substance which seemed
to help in washing. If true, this could
account for the name bo'h in English
and other languages-soap, sapone, savon.
In 1800, a French scientist discovered
that soda and lye could be made from
common salt. Soap then became easier
to manufacture at home, and thus more
readily available to everyone. This meant
that soap was no longer an expensive
luxury.
In America, soap boiling was one of the
earliest crafts practiced even before the
Pilgrims landed. Housewives first made
their own from waste kitchen grease and
lye and in many rural areas continued to
do so even as commercial soap slowly
became available.


Florida Agriculture, March, 1969












































































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WEST PALM BEACH, FLA.
Featuring the breeding of Black Watch Presi-
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grandson of famous Bardollermere 2.


SMALL ADS ARE READ!
HERE'S PROOF!
You are now reading one yourself.
Try a small ad like this in next
issue and it will go into the homes of
over 39,000 Florida farm families.


FARMERS


.ART


Rate: 15e per word; min $3. Display $10 col inch
P. O. Box 8802, Orlando, Florida 32806
BOOKS MANUSCRIPTS POEMS
ATTENTION WRITERS: Manuscripts wanted. All sub-
jects considered. Religious studies, fiction, non-fict.on,
poetry, juveniles etc. Greenwich Book Publishers, Inc.,
Dept. B, 282 Seventh Ave., New York, N Y. 10031.
BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES
DRIVERS NEEDED. Semi Drvers. Experience helpful
but not necessary, we will train you. For local and
over the road driving. You can earn $3.50 per hour
and up after short training. For application write,
Nation Wide, Safety Director, 1525 W. Memorial
Blvd., Lakeland, Fla. 33801 or call 813- 683-5975.
COMMISSION MAILERS Wanted. Everything supplied
including stamps. Details, 25e, refundable. Deaton,
605 Ryan. Odessa Texas 79/60.
SELL BIBLES-24 Educational Editions-Direct from
publisher! Wholesale d scountsl Free circulars, bro-
chures, details. Write: Bible Publishers, Dept. FM-3,
Box 5065, San Antonio, Texas 78201.
TRIPLE your money in 30 davsl Risklessl Confident;al
information $1.00. Lynch Enterprises, 1901 Moonlight
Dr ve, Denton, Texas 76201.
OVERSEAS JOBS-Australia Europe, South America,
Far East, etc. Openings in all trades and professions.
$400 to $2,500 monthly, free information, write:
Foreign Employment Mart, Box 2235 A.M.F., Miami,
Florida 33159
MAKE BIG MONEY raising chinchillas, rabbits, guinea
pigs for us. Catalog 25. Keeney Brothers, New
Freedom, Pa. 17349.
FARM EQUIPMENT

dg ol t 461-0800

1 EQUIPMENT COMPANY
Supplier of a Complete Line
of Quality Irrigation Equipment
511 So. 4th St. Ft. Pierce
Member Florida Irrigation Society
"NEW PUMP" irrigation or drainage. Just back
into water, wheels and all. Power take-off shaft
operated. No suction pipe check valve, no priming.
Butyl Rubber Discharge 2" to 24" szes. 2 0 to
24,000 gallons per minute.




CRISAFULLI PUMP CO.,
Gledi ve, Mutaa 5330.
FARROWING STALLS-Complete $26./5. Dealerships
available. Free literature. Dolly Enterprises, 202
Main, Colchester, 111. 62326.
LADY BUGS
LADYBUGS for sale to control aphis and harmful
insects. Save your crops, gardens, fruit and flowers
this safe and easy way. Write for price and informo-
tion. Pyramid Nursery, Box 5274, Reno, Nevada 89503.
LIVESTOCK & SUPPLIES
BRED GILTS, OPEN GILTS, SERVICE
BOARS, CERTIFIED MEAT TYPE
YORKSHIRE HERD. BEST BY TEST:
PRODUCTION CARCASS.
JOHN SIMPSON
ALACHUA, FLORIDA
DAIRY AND BEEF
CALVES
2 to 10 weeks old delivered directly to you on approv-
al. You must take 25 head or more. We deliver 7
days after you p.ace your order. Availaole anytime.
Prices include free delivery anywhere. 2 to 3 weeks
old each Holstein Heifers $47.50; Holstein Bulls
$42.50; Guernesy Heifers $45.00; Angus Hol. Cross
$55.00.
4 to 5 weeks old Holstein Heifers $55.00; Holstein
Bu.ls $55.00; Guernsey Heifers $50.00; Angus Hol.
Cross $55.00.
6 to 8 weeks old Holstein Heifers $65.00; Guernsey
Heifers $62.50; Angus Bulls or Heifers $65.00; Holstein
Bulls $60.00.
10 weeks old Ho'stein Heifers $77.50: Guernsey
Heifers $75.00; Ho:stein Bulls $75.00; Angus Hol.
Cross $77.50.
When placing an order you may call collect.
BILL NOLAN
Bonduel, Wisconsin 54107
Phone area code 715-758-4741






CALF CREEP FEEDERS-30 bushel capacity, $92.50.
Dealerships available. Free literature. Dolly Enter-
prises. 202 Main, Colchester. III. 62326.


MISCELLANEOUS


LOANS ALL TYPES
$10,000 to $100,00,000,
Anywhere in USA and Canada
Fisher Real Estate-Mortgage Corp.
Mortgage Brokers, Joy, Illinois
CATFISH. We are now taking orders on Channel
Catfish Fingerlings for immediate delivery. Write for
prices. Keego Clay Products Co., Brewton, Alabama.
36426. Phone 867-4548.
PICK-UP TRUCK STOCK RACKS-AI, steel construction
$109.50. Dealerships available. Free literature. Dolly
Enterprises, 202 Main, Colchester, 1. 62326.
PRAY. Study Acts, Joel, John, James. Come for Prayer
with Laying on of Hands. Christian Tracts, Box 233,
Newport News, Va. 23607.
ZIPCODE DIRECTORY .50,000 Zipcodes (obsoletes
all others), $2.00. SOUVENIR ALBUM Photos,
Stories 100 Top Country-Music Stars, $1.00. Mailmart,
Carrollton, Kentucky 41008.
MAKE YOUR WILL. Why delay? Send $1.00 for 4 Will
Forms and book about wills written by nationally
known attorney. Legal Forms Company, Department
97, 1967 Guardian Building, Detroit, Michigan 48226.
LET US PAY your tire repair and road services
expense: Complete details. Davis Tire Warranty
Company, Box 25, Manila, Arkansas 72442.
CHRISTENDOM ASTRAY
A 256 page book proving modern Christendom Astray
from the Gospel as taught in the Scriptures by Christ
and the Apostles. Study this book with your Bible at
your side. $1.00 post free. Ted Higgs,10023 Cheyenne,
Detroit, Mich. 48227.
RESURRECTED MILLIONS will farm fertile ocean
bottoms when seas are removed by coming whirl-
windl Startlingl Free. Write: Harvest-FM Jefferson
City, Mo. 65101.
PLANTS & NURSERY STOCK
1,000 HORTICULTURAL items Seedlings, grafts,
shrubs, trees, fruits, evergreen seeds, propagation
supplies, books. Many unusual items. Catalog.
Mellinger's, North Lima, Ohio 44452.

FREE FLOWER
FRiEE BOOK
Write today for free illustrated nook-cul-
tural directions, pronouncing index, germ-
ination table. 3000 varieties-old and new.
Many rare kinds. Yours for the asking.
Send a postcard today
GEO. W. PARK SEED CO., INC.
Greenwood 29, S. C. 29646
600 ASSORTED Sweet Onion Plants with free plant-
ing guide $3.60 postpaid. TONCO "home of the
sweet onion," Farmersville, Texas 75031.
POULTRY & RABBITS
RABBITS. Raise Rabbits for us on $500 month plan.
Free details. White's Rabbitry, Mt. Vernon, Ohio
43050.
REAL ESTATE
PRETTY RETIREMENT acre on highway 316, near cross
state canal bridge, to be four laned. New 3 bedroom
cottage on rear, lake view, quiet. $15,000. Worth
more, to increase in value. Wi I swap for city, town
or mountain property. Write Box 6, Ft. McCoy, Fla.
32637.
GOVERNMENT PUBLIC Land (400000,000 acres) in
25 states. Low as $1.00 acre 1969 Report. Details
$1.00. Land Information, 422-FM-3 Washington Build-
ing, Washington, D.C. 20005.
REAL ESTATE WANTED
WANTED CHOICE acreage between Orlando and
Disney'and. Large tract minimum 100 acres dry
suitable for development. Realtor, P. O. Box 356,
Cocoa, Fla. 32922.
SIGNS
FOR SALE: Nameplates, badges, truck signs, decals,
Pressure sensitive labels. Free catalog, samples and
quotations. Seton Nameplate Corp. Dept. FM, New
Haven, Conn, 06505.
VACATIONS
GREEN MOUNTAIN Lakeside camp rentals, $30 to $50
weekly. Brochure. Hopkins, Hardwick, Vermont 05343.
FOR WOMEN
MONEY FOR YOUR TREASURY
OVER 2 MILLION

SUNFLOWER
DISHCLOTHS
were sold last year by members of societies, clubs,
groups, etc. They enable you to earn money for
your treasury and make friends for your organization.
Sample FREE to Official
SANGAMON MILLS, INC. Cohoes, N.Y. 12047
Established 1915


4350 SW 13th St.


Phone 372-0401


Gainesville, Fla.


WORMS
REDWORMS. Bedrun. Postpaid: 10,000, $9; 30,000,
$20; with instructions. Worms, Box 4185, Bellmead,
Texas 76705.
TOO LATE TO CLASSIFY
NU-SEW. New liquid mends and repairs fabrics of
all kinds. $1.49 postpaid. Clempp, Route 2, Box 244, '
Citra. Fla. 32627. *


FARM BOOKS. Agricultural Engineer-
ing. A dictionary and handbook. $9.95.
(No. 3) Animal Sanitation and Disease
Control. $10.00. (No. 4) Approved Prac-
tices in Beautifying the Home Grounds.
$6.25. (No. 443) Arithmetic in Agricul-
ture. $5.00 (No. 9). Domestic Rabbit
Production. $6.25. (No. 382). Law for
the Veterinarian and Livestock Owner.
$7.50. (No. 529). Leadership for Action
in Rural Communities. $7.25. (No. 532).
Send check or money order to Florida
Agriculture Book Dept., The Interstate
Printers, Danville, Illinois 61823.



FREE FILM...
No Such Thing! But Would You Believe
KODACOLOR FILM @ 750?
Yes, when you send your Kodacolor-X Fi:m
to us for processing and 31/2x3/2 prints:
12 exp. Ins:amatic or rol -......................$2.75
20 exp. Instamatic or roll .................----..... 4.75
you can request a roll of fresh Kodacolor-X F:Im for
750 (127, 120, 620, 126) or $1.10 for 20 e p. You get
prompt service, superb quality and fu:l credit for un-
printable negatives. One trial convinces! Send your
film direct to our Florida laboratory. FREE mailing
bags & price list on request.

EVER-SNAP COLOR LABS, Dept. FA
P. 0. Box 2742, St. Petersburg, Fla. 33731


THORNLESS
BOYSENBERRY


BLACK RAVEN
BLACKBERRY


Worldae largest erryl Berries large as nick-
Some berries get to
be 1% inches long. els grow on cone-
Extra heavy. Produc- shaped stems, easy to
er Berries have good pic. Will grow any-
flavor, fine for jims,
jellies and freezing, where the wild black-
50-1 year tips or 25- berry grows. 35-1
2 year plants for year tCps $10.00.
$10.00.
NEW SMOOTHSKIN
THORNLESS BLACKBERRY
New from the Un.versity of Arkansas. A real
g)od berry for the South. Berries are extra
large and have good f'a.or. Vines are vigorous
and produce heavy crops of berries each year.
30-1 year plants or 20-2 year for $5.00.
Write for price list and growing instructions
on all nursery stock.
J. M. FAUBUS BERRY NURSERY
Star Route, FayettesvJle, Ark. 72701




WHEN YOU MOVE
Send your change of address to Florida
Agriculture, 4350 SW 13th St., Gainesvile,
Fla. Include mailing labe from old copy
plus new address, with proper zip code.
Allow at least 30 days for change.


CRY OF FIRE





Flames in the night can cause panic, of
course. It's no wonder that a "cry of
fire" can be such a terrible experience-
A to those inside as well as outside the
9 house involved. Neighbors, fire fighters
I and others naturally rush to the aid of
l those who are in trouble. It's nice to
AS t know that your own Farm Bureau Insur-
Sance Company will rush to your aid in
S your time of trouble too. You receive
P rj courteous, prompt settlement-often within
I II' IigW hours after the fire.




Insure your most valuable possession your home with
your own insurance company. See your local Farm Bureau
agent or write your company direct for information.




FLORIDA FARM BUREAU MUTUAL

INSURANCE CO.








GUEST
EDITORIAL

MICHIGAN has a new law which
requires the use of a slow moving
vehicle emblem (SMV) on the rear
of all farm machinery using public
highways.
A report recently issued by
Michigan State University shows
that this emblem reduced the
number of rear-end collisions be-
tween automobiles and farm
machinery by 32 percent in the
first nine months.
The emblem is made 16 inches
wide and 14 inches high and its
red and orange fluorescent letter-
ing on reflective sheeting is visible
day or night up to 1,000 yards.
It might help to reduce automo-
bile accidents if such a device
were optional equipment for all
those who have to use the high-
ways, but don't like to drive over
50 miles an hour.
-Orlando Sentinel.

(Editor's note: The Florida Farm
Bureau has advocated the use of
above emblems for several years.
The emblems are for sale to mem-
bers in all counties.)






GUEST
EDITORIAL

What good is a supermarket if
it sits on ground that should be
used to raise the food to stock its
shelves? This is a question we
may be asking ourselves with
increasing frequency as more and
more of our best land is buried
under concrete.
A Justice of the Oregon Supreme
Court warns of the evil of a tax
system that drives farmers out of
business in favor of the developer.
He said this taxation system "is
one of the causes of the eventual
destruction of our ability to feed
ourselves Soon we will be
farming our rocky foothills and
wondering what happened to our
bottomland. No matter how much
our country may someday wish we
had more carrot patches and bean-
fields, the farmer cannot afford to
save his land for future food pro-
duction if the land is being taxed
according to what it is worth for a
shopping center."
-Gatlinburg (Tenn.) Press


-11


SThe President's Message
Il


On May 7, in Lakeland, AFI
dent Charles B. Shuman will a
annual meeting of Florida Soi
Foundation.

Soil Science is a voluntary
ship, privately endowed resear
zation which has been filling th
farmers for unbiased factual,
information as to the plant fooc
ments of various crops and th
of primary, secondary and trace
necessary to provide proper
nutrients.

Dr. O. C. Bryan, former agroi
fessor at the University of Fl
been the technical advisor for
ence since the birth of the org
Soil Science has interested itself
ing farmers increase quantity
ity of product while lowering
fighting the cost-price squeeze.
ence is now contemplating the
and encouragement of private
in the field of pesticides, fungi
herbicides.

AFBF has organized the A
search Foundation with Dr. W:
lines named as director. Mr. Sh
deal with the need for more p
search as the subject of his
Farm Bureau members and oth
ested in research should mark
endars for May 7, and contact
ence in Lakeland for reservation
luncheon to be served during t
meeting.

The reorganization of the L
as a result of the adoption of
S1068 Florida Constitution, and
annual sessions, interim stance
mittees, governmental reorgan
mandated in the constitution,
the job and duty of FFBF to
farmers in legislative matters
more complex and time consum
prise. This problem has been
by the FFBF Board of Director
officers for some time, and we
making plans to meet our respo
The result, by Board action, hi
set up a full time legislative de
and to select T. K. McClane ti
this new department.


By Arthur E. (Art) Karst, Vero Beach
President, Florida Farm Bureau Federation

BF Presi- Tom's experience, background, knowl-
ddress the edge, understanding of the legislative
il Science process, and his proven successful record
make his appointment to this most im-
portant assignment a major step in our
modernization of our organizational
h omer- structure. To expedite the effectiveness
Snorgad of of our legislative activities, the Board has
corelaed freed Mr. McClane from his myriad of
administrative duties so he can fulfill our
d require- need for active, full time, knowledgeable
re amount
and effective representation before the
elements o legislative committees and regulatory
levels of agencies
agencies.

We shall continue our organizational
nomy pro- re-structuring as quickly as may be nec-
orida, has essary and practical. There most prob-
Soil Sci- ably will come the necessity to change
anization. our by-laws from time to time in the fu-
If in help- ture so we can effectively meet our re-
and qual- sponsibilities in the fulfillment of FB
costs in policy and purpose.
Soil Sci-
fostering I hope each member of our commodity
research and special committees (appointments
cides, and are complete) will answer the call of
committee meetings in order that we may
implement policy as directed by the vot-
FBF Re- ing delegates. The district policy devel-
arren Col- opment meeting held during the last week
human will of February proved to be the most suc-
rivate re- cessful ever held. The attendance and
address. participation by FB leaders and members
iers inter- evidences more interest and support for
their cal- FB policies and projects.
SSoil Sci-
ns for the I would venture a guess that as we
he annual continue to become more effective, our
participation by members will increase
in direct proportion. Th:s proves the
value and necessity of informed members.
legislaturee
the new Don't forget to file your request for
including agricultural assessment before the April 1
ling com- filing deadline. We are working with the
ization as proper officials in seeking further simp-
has made lification and standardizations in the op-
speak for eration of this necessary law.


Sa much
ing enter-
recognized
rs and our
have been
nsibilities.
as been to
apartment,
o head up


FARM BUREAU
ON THE AIR
Jacksonville. WFGA TV, first
Monday each month at 6:45 a.m.
Orlando. WFTV TV. Every
Third Sunday, from 2 to 2 p.m.


Florida Agriculture, March, 1969





New Financial Planning Service For You and Your Family.

NAME I


ADDRESS
CITY STATE


FAMILY AGES

HUSBAND

WIFE
YOUNGEST
CHILD
NEXT
YOUNGEST
CHILD


WIDOW'S INCOME NEEDS
UNTIL
YOUNGEST $
CHILD IS I 10.1
AGE 18 MONTHLY


AFTER
YOUNGEST
CHILD IS $
AGE 18 MONTHLY


Southern farm Bureau Lift insurance Co.

INSURANCE ASSETS NOW OWNED
TOTAL I 1010.1 CASH VALUE
LIFE 0 0. OF INSURANCE $ 0 0.
INSURANCE AT AGE 65 1
INCOME FROM I I
PENSION PLAN 10.1
MONTHLY
INCOME FROM ASSETS THAT WOULD NOT BE CONVERTED TO CASH


FAMILY'S CASH NEEDS RETIREMENT NEEDS

EXPENSES 0 100.1 INCOME
I I I It I I OBJECTIVE
PRESENT $1 1 1 olo.11 $1 10.1
MONTHLY
EDUCATIONAL 0 n 1 00.
FUND I 1 0 0 0I]


!FOR YOUR
FAMILY'S $ 0.
NEEDS
MONTHLY


FOR YOUR
RETIREMENT $
NEEDS I I .
MONTHLY


CASH AVAILABLE FROM OTHER ASSETS
FOR YOUR FOR YOUR
FAMILY'S $ 0 0 0. RETIREMENT 0 0 0.
NEEDS I NEEDS
124768
DATF


How Much Income-Producing Property Should You Own?
If you will complete the input information above and mail to SFB, in a few
days you will receive a computer prepared, detailed financial analysis, which
will give you the answer to the question above. This is just another service
being provided you by your Southern Farm Bureau Life Insurance Company.
You do not have to be a policyholder to receive this service without charge.


Florida Honey Now In First Place


By Alma Warren
for Florida Agriculture*
For the first time in history, Florida
ranks first in the nation in honey pro-
duction. The state's 1968 honey crop
reached 20,865,000 pounds-a 16% in-
crease over last year.
Florida climbed into first place, top-
pling California to third place, Apicul-
turist John D. Haynie, Florida Agricul-
tural Extension Service, University of
Florida, reports.
How did Florida move into the top
position? California produced only
about half a crop in 1968. Disastrous
floods, storms, and climatic conditions
there affected the bloom and nectar se-
cretion from flowers.
"If you don't have a lot of sunshine


"... mine eyes have been en-
lightened, because I tasted a little
of this honey."-Samuel 14:29.


and soil moisture, the plant's bloom is
affected so that it does not yield any
nectar. Plants will bloom and secrete
nectar under good weather conditions,"
Haynie added.
Although California has almost twice
as many bee colonies as Florida-Cali-
fornia with 656,000 colonies, as compared
with Florida's 312,000-Florida's more
favorable weather conditions put Florida
out in front in 1968.
What happens to Florida's more than


20 million pounds of honey each year?
Much of it is shipped to out-of-state
packers and bakeries. "Florida's six mil-
lion people just can't consume 20 mil-
lion pounds of honey a year," Haynie
points out.
"The national consumption of honey
per capital per year is one and one half
pounds, and many people have never
even tried honey," he says.
Florida's honey crop in 1968 was val-
ued at 4 million dollars, up about one
half million dollars over the 1967 worth."
From 1967 to 1968 beekeepers grew from
309,000 to 321,000 colonies.
"Generally speaking, Florida's 1968
honey crop was one of the best ever made.
The tupelo honey was about average, and
citrus honey was an unusually good
crop," Haynie said.
*Assistant Extension Editor, Univer-
sity of Florida, Gainesville.

Bees Seen Valuable
A recent issue of Agricultural Newslet-
ter, published by the State Department
of Education said: "Honey bees are our
most important insect friends. They not
only produce two important products,
honey and beeswax, but they cross pol-
linate important truck crops such as
watermelons, cucumbers, cantaloupes,
squash and some varieties of citrus."
(Editor's note: Gulf County FB Presi-
dent and FFBF board member L. L. La-
nier of Wewahitchka operates a bee farm
in the Apalachicola River Valley area.)


[0}^ The company
E l 3 that cares"

SOUTHERN FARM BUREAU
Life Insurance Company
BOX 78/JACKSON, MISSISSIPPI 39205


Turf-Grass Meeting
Scheduled Next Month
The eighth annual Florida Turf-
Grass Trade Show is expected to at-
tract nearly 500 turf professionals
from throughout the Southeast, ac-
cording to the sponsor, Florida Turf
Grass Association.
The event will take place April
23, 24 and 25 in Orlando with func-
tions at the Robert Meyer Motor
Inn and the Tangerine Bowl com-
plex. The show will be the first of
its kind held in the Central Florida
area, according to the FTGA, which
has headquarters at 4065 University-
Blvd., N., Jacksonville.
Demonstrations and experimental
turf plot tours will be conducted at
the Bowl site, with exhibits, recep-
tions, social events, business man-
agement clinic, etc., are to be held
in the hotel.

Potato Harvesters to
Be Shown This Month
What is said to be one of the
largest exhibits of potato harvesting
equipment ever held will take place
this month at the Eastern Potato
Industry Exposition in the Farm
Show Building, Harrisburg, Pa. A
display of modern potato and vege-
table machinery and equipment will
cover more than two acres, accord-
ing to an announcement from the
Exposition's headquarters, at 670
Division St., Harrisburg, Pa. Ex-
hibitors are expected to show 15
potato harvesters.


Florida Agriculture, March, 1969










REPORT TO MEMBERS


SOUTHERN FARM BUREAU CASUALTY INSURANCE COMPANY

STATEMENT OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
December 31, 1968

ASSETS:
Cash (Less Items In Transit) ........ ...................$ (-) 44,489
Government Bonds ..................................... 5,663,575
Other Bonds ........................................... 37,479,798
Stocks ............................................... 9,625,058
M mortgage Loans ........................................ 4,484,086
Other Admitted Assets .................................. 1,374,137
Total Assets .................................... $ 58,582,165

LIABILITIES:
Reserve for Losses and Loss Expense .......................$ 19,593,262
Reserve for Unearned Premium ............................. 17,418,160
Reserve for Dividends to Policyholders ..................... 6,068,525
Reserve for Taxes (Excluding Federal) ..................... 724,602
Other Liabilities ........................................ 1,995,434
Total Liabilities ..................................$ 45,799,983
Capital Stock ......... .....................$ 1,200,000
Surplus ................................... $11,582,182
Total Surplus to Policyholders ......................... .. $ 12,782,182
Total Liabilities, Reserves, Capital and Surplus ..............$ 58,582,165

STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS
Dividends to our policyholders this year amounted to $5,045,794.000. This was all of our
underwriting gain plus $863,298.00 from our investment gain. These dividends are to be paid in the
states where the money was earned. Premiums earned of $51,747,548.00 represented an increase of
13.63% over last year, and policies in force increased to 510,188 an increase of 7.80%.




SOuthelh FARM BUREAU
CASUALTY INSURANCE COMPANY
Home Office Branch Office
P. O. Box 78, Jackson, Mississippi 4350 SW 13th St., Gainesville, Fla.




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