Title: Florida agriculture
ALL VOLUMES CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
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STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075932/00017
 Material Information
Title: Florida agriculture
Physical Description: v. : illus. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Farm Bureau Federation
Publisher: Florida Farm Bureau Federation.
Place of Publication: Gainesville etc
Frequency: monthly (except june, july and aug.)[19]
bimonthly
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 9- 1950-
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075932
Volume ID: VID00017
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01375465
lccn - sn 78001276
issn - 0015-3869
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Preceded by: Bulleltin

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AMERICA, LET'S GIVE
CREDIT TO THE
GROWER


Breakfast time in America is Florida citrus time.
Modern citrus growers produce one of tie best
tasting, and most valuable, food products avail-
able... a great contribution to higher nutrition
standards of Americans. Farm Credit is proud
to provide citrus growers with sound, construc-
tive credit that enables them to accomplish
this efficiently and profitably.


Your local Production Credit Association provides
credit for operating expenses, farm and family
needs and capital expenditures on an intermedi-
ate term basis.


mBnko
wopraie


The Columbia Bank for Cooperatives makes
seasonal, term and commodity loans to mar-
keting, purchasing and processing coopera-
tives owned by farmers


Your local Federal Land Bank Association fi-
nances your farm and family needs on a long-
term basis... at realistic, farm-oriented repay-
ment schedules and reasonable rates


S.. all in the family of FARM CREDIT SERVICE









Look at New Congress


By T. K. McClane, Jr., Executive Vice President, FFBF


We're one month gone into the new
year, and the 91st Congress is organized
and ready to do business but little is
happening. The attitude of the Demo-
cratic controlled Congress seems to be,
"Let's wait and see what comes out of
the White House." All Congressmen, of
course, are already running for reelection
and Democrats will be hoping to score
points off Nixon every chance they can.
We've been somewhat encouraged that
this was a more conservative Congress,
but actually the membership wasn't
changed very much by the November
elections and the 90th Congress, or last
Congress, had already moved rightward
during its lifetime.
So, expectations are that this Congress
may not be much more conservative than
the last one. There's another big change
now: The liberals aren't under wraps and
don't have to hold back to avoid em-
barrassing the administration. I, person-
ally, think this means more liberal bills
will be proposed and pushed and part of
the strategy will be to force the White
House to oppose them. This means what
finally passes could be more liberal than
it would have been last session, even
after compromise. By all accounts, this
will be a lively session for both liberals
and conservatives.
The Senate Agricultural Committee has
been reduced in membership from 15 to
13. The number of Democrats on the
committee was reduced from 9 to 7, and
the Republican membership remains at
6. This is in keeping with the shift
and alignment of the Senate from 63
Democrats and 37 Republicans to 57
Democrats and 43 Republicans. New
members of the Agricultural Committee
are Senators Allen (D-Ala.), Curtis (R-
Neb.), Cook (R-Ky.), and Doyle (R-
Kan.). Leaving the committee are Sena-
tors Montoya, Mondale, Byrd, Hollings,
Boggs, and Hatfield. It was first thought
that the House Committee on agriculture
could be reduced in size, but this does
not appear likely at the present and
membership will probably remain at 35.


FLORIDA AGRICULTURE
Vol. 28, No. 2, FEB., 1969
Established 1943. Published monthly except
June. July and August. Publication date 10th
of current month. Owned by Florida Farm
Bureau Federation. 4350 SW 13th St., Gaines-
ville, Florida 32601. Printed by Cody
Publications. Second Class Postage Paid at
Kissimmee Florida. Notice of change of ad-
dress should be sent to 4350 SW 13th St.,
Gainesville, Fla., Zip Code 32601. Ruth
Sloan, office mgr. Send advertising copy
and other material to Hugh Waters, editor,
P. 0. Box 7605, Orlando, Fla. 32804. Phone
305 423-4163.
Send changes of address to 4350 SW 13th
St., Gainesville, Fla. 32601.


There will, however, be significant chang-
es in the makeup of the committee due to
movement of Congressmen to other senior
spots and assignments of the new Con-
gress.
One of the first matters of business to
be taken up will be a constitutional
amendment changing the method of elect-
ing the President of the United States.
Proposal of Ervin (D-N.C.) would elim-
inate the electoral college but maintain
the system of electoral votes equal to the
number of Senators and Representatives
to which the state is entitled. Two votes
would go to the candidate receiving the
highest number of votes in the entire
state. The other votes would go to the
candidate receiving the most votes in
each congressional district. This is Farm
Bureau's position on electoral reform.
Another bill would provide for the elec-
tion of the President by direct vote
with a run off between the two top can-
didates when no candidate receives at
least 40% of the votes.
Senator Williams (D-N.J.) and 19
other Senators have re-introduced SB 8


FARM QUOTES
"Gardens are not made by singing,
'Oh, How Beautiful,' and sitting in
the shade." Rudyard Kipling,
b. 1865.


to bring agricultural workers under the
provision of the National Labor Relations
Act. This is similar to the one sponsored
last year by Williams, and one in the
House supported by several Congress-
men. We were able to keep the House
from considering this bill after it was
approved by the committee on Education
and Labor, and the Senate subcommittee
never reported it to the full Senate com-
mittee. I am sure all of you are familiar
with this bill and will help to oppose it,
but our chances of success this year will
be even slimmer than they were in the
last Congress.
Government farm programs will con-
tinue in effect through 1970 as is with
very minor changes. However, Congress
must act this year to change direction
in government farm policy to take effect
in 1971. No new legislation is needed
for the Farm Bureau Cropland Retire-
ment Program to be placed into effect.
This can be done by action of the Secre-
tary of Agriculture. The new secretary
is, of course, proceeding slowly to get the
department staffed and reorganized. We
expect him to be more receptive to Farm
Continued on next page

Florida Agriculture, February, 1969 3


... offices in...

FLORIDA


Arcadia, PCA
Belle Glade, FLBA and PCA
Bradenton, PCA
Clewiston, PCA
Dade City, FLBA and PCA
Eustis, PCA
Gainesville, FLBA and PCA
Immokalee, FLBA and PCA
Jacksonville, PCA
Lakeland, FLBA and PCA
Lake Wales, PCA
Live Oak, FLBA and PCA
Madison, PCA
Marianna, FLBA and PCA
Miami, FLBA and PCA
Monticello, PCA
Ocala, PCA
Okeechobee, FLBA and PCA
Orlando, FLBA and PCA
Palatka, PCA
Pensacola, PCA
Quincy, PCA
Sebring, PCA
Tampa, FLBA
Vero Beach, FLBA and PCA
Wauchula, FLBA and PCA



all in the family I


FARM CREDIT SERVICE
OFFICES NEAR
YOU









Last words of a
Final Farm Column



"This is our land a good land that seems likely to
continue to provide us with abundance of food and fiber for
many years to come."


The above is the last paragraph of the last column written by Nebraska
Farm Bureau's Director of Information, Bernie Camp, who died recently
from injuries received in a Christmas Day auto accident, which also claimed
the life of his wife.

Mr. Camp had been with the Nebraska FB since 1948. He was widely
known, especially for his monthly column written primarily for newspapers
o' his area, but often reprinted throughout the nation, including this
magazine.

His last column was written shortly before his fatal accident for release
in January. It is reprinted in full below. Readers will recognize the writ-
er's keen knowledge of agriculture and thorough attention to detail in the
subject at hand. He tells how the nation's farm land is being used for
other things and for a moment the picture looks depressing so far as future
food needs are concerned. However, Mr. Camp closes his column by pre-
dicting everything good for the nation.



"YOUR LAND AND MINE", by Bernie Camp


"The total land in the 50 states is a
few thousand acres less than 2.3 bil-
lion. Not all of this-even though more
than half is agricultural-is suitable
for raising crops and livestock to feed
our 200 million Amdricans and part
of the rest of the world.

"While three-fifths of the total is
cropland, grassland and forested graz-
ing land, a bit less than 20 percent of
the total is actually suitable for crops
to feed and clothe the people. About
28 percent is used for grazing. Less
than 10 percent is forested grazing
land.

"More than 20 percent of the na-
tion's land is forestland not grazed.
Another 12 is marshes, swamps, bare
rock, desert and the like. National
and State Parks and wildlife refuges
require 3.4 percent of the area of the
nation.

"Cities and towns, farmsteads and
roads, highways, railroad rights-of-
way and airports use a bit less than
3 percent; and 1.5 percent is in na-
tional defense, flood control, federal
industrial and state institutional areas.

"Cropland and pasture cover more
than 90 percent of the Northern plains
and 75 percent of the Southern plains.
East of the plains, a fourth to a third
of the land area is used by crops and
livestock. This is the populous East;
however,, trees, not cities cover most
of this land which is in large part rug-


ged and hilly or mountainous. West
of the plains there is more forestland
on the mountains and deserts and
rocklands.

"Land usage is not static. Much of
the land once used for crops is now
used for grazing and some has shifted
to such special uses as cities and
highways. The forestland does re-
main forested to a considerable extent,
although some of this is set aside in
parks, wildlife refuges, recreation
areas and other public uses.

"The amount of commercially used
land declines as artificial lakes are
created behind dams, cities expand,
highways and airports spread and
other uses are required for a nation
with rapidly increasing population.

"The nation's farmers and ranchers
might be concerned at the loss of land
available for crops, but the fact is crop
production technology has more than
kept pace. Crop output was 14 per-
cent higher in 1964 than it was in
1959 and farmers used 23 million fewer
acres to do it. Soil improvement prac-
tices (summer fallow, idled cropland
and the like) took up 25 million acres
in 1964 that was cropland in 1959.
These acres could go back into crops
if they were needed.

"This is our land-a good land that
seems likely to continue to provide us
with abundance of food and fiber for
many years to come."


A LOOK AT
NEW CONGRESS
Continued from page 3
Bureau's program than his predecessor.
For the first time, Farm Bureau policy
has emphasized the difference between
commercial and non-commercial farming
operations. Our voting delegates have
also recognized that the same program
will not solve the problems of these two
completely different operations. This
idea seems to be catching on with a num-
ber of agricultural leaders in the Con-
gress and in the executive branch of gov-
ernment.
Sentiment seems to be building up for
Farm Bureau's proposal to give tax cred-
its on income tax keeping this money in
the states to finance education and wel-
fare. This will undoubtedly be a front
burner issue for all of us in Farm Bureau
during the year. Others will be the
changes in the electoral college, the farm
program, and proposed unionization of
farm labor already mentioned. Also
coming up for attention, probably after
March, will be changes in our Marketing-
Bargaining Act, S. 109, which was passed
by Congress last year. Farm Bureau pol-
icy calls for a new definition of an agri-
cultural bargaining association, and a
new definition of what constitutes agri-
cultural fair practices. Farm Bureau also
wants to improve and strengthen market-
ing rights and redefine and broaden the
rights of bargaining associations under
the Anti Trust Law.
Farm Bureau policy also favors enact-
ment of legislation to place a limit on
the amount of farming losses which can
be used to offset non-farm income for
federal income tax purposes, except in
the case of taxpayers who file farm re-
turns on accrual basis. The Metcalf Bill
of the last Congress moves in this direc-
tion. There is a tremendous amount of
sentiment among farmers and members
of Congress to pass this type of legisla-
tion to reduce the competition from non-
farm capital inputs into agriculture.
These are only a few of the issues we
will be dealing with in the new Congress.
We urge each of you to keep as fully
informed as you possibly can during this
session of the Congress. It's imperative
that all of us understand all of these
issues and be ready to let our congres-
sional delegation know our position on
these matters.


THE 1969 FARM PICTURE
(Compiled from USDA figures by
Chuck Woods, Assistant Experiment
Station Editor, University of Flor-
ida.)
U. S. farm income will set a new
record high at about $51 billion or
about $1 billion over 1968.
Production expenses will creep up
again this year to offset rise in gross
income. As a result, net income
will change little from last year-
around $15 billion.


4 Florida Agriculture, February, 1969








CALENDAR OF EVENTS

of interest to farmers.


Feb. 4-15. Florida State Fair, Tampa.
Feb. 12-17. Dade County Fair and Exposition.
Homestead.
Feb. 14. Special feeder pig sale. Ocala.
Feb. 14. Second annual market research conf.,
Florida Citrus Commission, Lakeland.
Feb. 15-22. National FFA week
Feb. 14-22. Annual Citrus Festival. Winter Haven.
Feb. 15. Everglades FB Women's Rummage Sale.
Case Rate Parking Lot, Belle Glade from 6:30
a.m.
Feb. 16-22. St. Lucie County Fair. Fort Pierce.
Feb. 18-23. Dade County Fair & Exp. Florida City.
Feb. 19. Ala. Cattlemen's Ass'n meeting, Mont-
gomery.
Feb. 19-23. Kissimmee Valley Livestock Show,
Kissimmee.
Feb. 20. Annual Citrus Judging Contest. Winter
Haven.
Feb. 21. Special feeder pig sale. Gainesville.
Feb. 21, 22, 23. Silver Spurs Rodeo, Kissimmee.
Feb. 24-27. FFBF district meetings. See pg. 17.
Feb. 24-Mar. 8. Central Florida Fair. Orlando.
Feb. 24-25. N. Fla. Livestock Show and Sale.
Madison.
Feb. 25-26. Annual Agricultural Pest Control
Conference, McCarty And., Univ. of Fla.,
Gainesville. (See item elsewhere this issue).
Feb. 28. Special feeder pig sale. Live Oak.
Feb. 28-Mar. 2 Annual Chalo Nitka Festival &
mtodeo, mioore Haven.
Mar. 1-9. South's largest flower & garden show.
Atlanta.
Mar. 3-8. Annual Hillsborough County Fair &
Strawberry Festival. Plant City.
Mar. 4-8. Citrus County Fair, Inverness.
Mar. 10-15. Pinellas County Fair, Largo.
Mar. 10-15. Martin County Fair, Stuart.
Mar. 11. Annual Poultry Day, Orlando.
March 11-15. Hernando County Fair. Brooksvlle.
Mar. 12-14. Suwannee River Fair & Livestock
Show. Bronson.
Mar. 14-15. Polk County Youth Show. Bartow.
Mar. 15. Horse Show. Fairgrounds, Stuant.
Mar. 17-22. Sarasota County Fair. Sarasota.
Mar. 18-23. Iake County Fair & Flower Show.
Eustis.
Mar. 19-22. Bradford County Fair. Starke.
Mar. 20. Special Field Day for Cabbage Growers,
Sanford.
March 20. Area Swine Show. Wakulla.
Mar. 28, 29, 30. Fla. Foliage Festival, Apopka.
(Pictures & story next issue.)
April 7. Florida Leg;slature convenes.
April 8-10. West Fla. Cattle Show and Sale.
Quincy.
April 11-15. Levy County Fair. Wlliston.
Apr. 23, 24, 25. Annual Fla. Turf-Grass Trade
Show, Orlando.
FARM BUREAU TOURS
The following are all-expense tours. Dates are
beg.nring and end of each tour:
Mar. 18-Aprll 25. Orient.
April 24-June 5. South Pacific.
April 29-May 29. Spain, Portugal, Morocco.
May 4-26. Hawaii.
June 16-July 31. Europe-British Isles.
May 21-June 19. Scandinavia.
June 9-25 Alaska.
August 6-20. Hawaii.
1969-Nov. 21-Dec. 5. AFBF Caribbean Cruise.
Reservations must be made within next 30 days
because Farm Bureau has chartered the entire
ship. See item elsewhere this issue.
All details (even tips) handled by experienced,
qualified people. Go alone, as a couple or take
non-Farm Bureau friends along. For free brochure
& information write Hugh C. Waters, Farm Bureau
Tours, P.O. Box 7605, Orlando, Fla. 32804.

FEEDER PIG SALES
Special feeder pig sales have been ex-
tended through February for three live-
stock auction markets. The sales will be
held February 14 in Ocala, Feb. 21 in
Gainesville and February 28 at Live Oak.

Florida Agriculture, February, 1969 5


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PHONE 912/272-1659 or 272-1689




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WEST PALM BEACH, FLA.
Featuring the breeding of Black Watch Presi-
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konian President. And Hidden Hills OB53, a
grandson of famous Bardoliermere 2.



SMALL ADS ARE READ!

HERE'S PROOF!

You are now reading one yourself.
Try a small ad like this in next
issue and it will go into the homes of
over 39,000 Florida farm families.


The TORRENT pump is a LARGE-VOLUME
liquid mover with 42,000 gal. per hour capacity.
It will water livestock, irrigate, remove water from
flooded areas, supply water for fire-control and
augment water-control systems.
The TORRENT floats on the water surface and
will settle to the bottom as water level recedes,
continuing to pump in a few inches of water.
Lightweight and truly portable, the TORRENT
weighs only 62 lbs. and can be transported in the
trunk of a car. Powered by a heavy-duty Techum-
seh 3'/ H.P. 4-cycle engine, it will operate on
one gal. of gasoline for 3 to 4 hours.
Available with the TORRENT is 6" quick-coupling
plastic hose so light in weight that a man can
easily carry 500 ft. No tools are needed to con-
nect with pump or to join lengths together.
Some areas are open for dealers.
Write for Brochure
TORRENT FLOATING PUMPS
Factory Distributor


Dept. FA


L-1 P. 0. Box 22116
Fort Lauderdale, Florida 33315


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Our Driers are supplied as columns,
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Capacities range from 47,500 to
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Write or call:

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BRIEFS FOR AND ABOUT FARMERS !


Some 5,000 "layers" producing about
75,000 eggs per day are taking
confinement-feeding in a house measuring
10 by 7 feet. This is a lilliputian
operation. The .eggs look like grains of
sugar and the layers measure only about
one-seventh inch from head tp stern.
They are red flour beetles, a common
pest of milled grain. By using the beetles
in the experiments scientists can produce
10 to 12 generations in the same time it
takes to raise one of chickens.


Rural humor: The phones in a small
Texas town are all party lines and
neighbors listen in for miles. One night
during a prolonged dry spell, Old Ed, a
shrewd cattle rancher, had a phone call
from a Kansas City buyer. "I understand
you've got some steers to sell, said the
buyer. "Well, now," dickered Ed, I'm not
sure I want to sell right now ." An
agonized wail from the party line broke
in: "Now Ed, don't talk so silly, you sell
them steers! You know you ain't got any
grass." -Christian Observer.


A new sweet potato pie mix,
containing all the necessary spices may
soon be added to the list of convenience
foods. The new mix is based on the
precooked, dehydrated sweet potato
flakes developed several years ago. All
that is required to complete a pie filling is
hot water and fresh eggs. Although
developed for use as a pie filling, the mix
can also be used as preseasoned, mashed
sweet potatoes or in a variety of casserole
dishes.


Farm real estate taxes totaled a record
$1.94 billion last year. This figure is up
8.4 percent over the previous year and
marks the 25th consecutive annual
increase. It's also the sharpest year to
year increase since 1947-48, but well
below the 9.4 percent and 16.5 percent
increases registered in 1945-46 and
1946-47, respectively.


Some 2 billion acres of land-almost as
much as the entire U.S.-awaits
development to help feed the world
according to an article in the current issue
of Agricultural Research magazine. "That
land-the hot, humid tropics of Central
and South America and the Caribbean
islands-needs agricultural research to
make it prosper," says ARS soil scientist


"The Country Kitchen 1850," a paper
back book contains pictures and items
about stoves, churns, utensils and a handy
guide for making bread, butter, cheese,
etc. Copies may be obtained at $1.00
each, postpaid, from Americana Review,
725 Dongan Avenue, Scotia, N.Y. 12302.


"I suppose you should have warmed your
hands first."

Jose Vicente-Changler, project leader of
soil and water conservation research at
the University of Puerto Rico.
Experiments have increased coffee
production from 150 pounds per acre to
more than a ton in some instances, the
article points out but concludes that
"many problems-technical, economic
and social-remain to be worked out
before this region's agricultural potential
can be fully realized.


LESSON FOR FEBRUARY

You cannot strengthen the weak -
by weakening the strong.
-Abraham Lincoln
Born, February 12



U.S. imports of meat subject to the
meat import law is estimated at 1.035
billion pounds for 1969 according to a
recent USDA report. That's about 50
million pounds above the amount which
would invoke Presidential action under
the above law. This regulation requires
the President to invoke a quota on
imports of certain meats-mainly fresh or
frozen beef and mutton-if imports of
them exceed 110 percent of an adjusted
base quota. The USDA says that this
adjusted base quota for 1969 is 988
million pounds.


implication that, if the same tractor were
to be used on 200 acres, the ownership
cost would drop to $1.09 an acre; at 250
acres, it would be zero; and at 300 acres,
it would pay $1.09 per acre."


Lightning is the greatest cause of direct
weather-connected deaths in the U.S.
according to the new issue of the Old
Farmer's Almanac. The publication cites
the following as most dangerous places to
be during lightning: open water, near
farm tractors or cars, under trees and on
the telephone.


Apple pomace, the peels, cores and
other waste from cider production, may
make a comeback as beef cattle feed,
according to the USDA. Years ago,
scientists established that pomace makes
excellent cattle feed but the increasing
popularity of DDT for controlling
orchard insects raised the residue level in
meat from pomace-fed beef cattle too
high. Recently an agricultural researcher
has alternated pomace with hay on a day
to day basis. The results are said to be
encouraging, but not conclusive.

A new identification tag for cattle is on
the market. It is made in one piece of
light weight non-toxic material. The
maker says that it offers lifetime
identification and is easy to apply. For
information write Norman J. Hayes,
president, Y-Tex Corporation, Box 9385,
San Antonio, Tex. 78204.

Calcium may protect young peanuts
against a pod-rotting fungus, according to
a report from Virginia researchers.
Planters frequently use 440 to 880
pounds per acre, but the researchers
applied up to 2,720 pounds per acre. For
more information write: K. H. Garden,
plant pathologist, Tidewater Research
Station, Holland, Virginia.


Root and foot rot in certain plants
may be curtailed by anhydrous ammonia.
Agricultural Research scientists, in
laboratory studies, found that the fungus
population in soil was drastically reduced
in the three inches surrounding the site of
application.


Boll weevils are drawn to cotton more
The New England Farm Finance News by male weevils than by any attractant
recently printed an article entitled "Fun the plant itself may have. This recent
with Figures" which concerns farmers. It research finding suggests.that traps baited
said: "In the mood for dealing with with male weevils or with male attractant
digits, we chanced upon the solemn (pheromone) yet to be isolated may help
pronouncement that 'the ownership cost in detecting and suppressing infections.
of a 3-plow tractor used on 100 acres of Experiments in this field are being
land is about $3.27 per acre, while the conducted at State College, Mississippi.
cost of ownership of this same tractor, if
spread over 150 acres, drops to around Per acre farm real estate taxes averaged
$2.18.' So we kneaded the numbers a $1.89 nationally last year compared to
minute and came up with the obvious $1.74 the prior year.


Florida Agriculture, February," 1969




















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Lake County's Jack S. Allen, Jr., of
Umatilla, who is chairman o' the Florida
Farm Bureau's citrus committee, com-
posed of members from each of the citrus
producing counties of the state. Mr. Al-
len is a member of the Lake County
Board of Directors, and a former presi-
dent. In a recent report to the editor of
FA, he said that his committee will be
especially active during the coming year.
Chairman Allen's mailing address is
Route 1, Box 11, Umatilla and phone
number is 813-669-3202. (Editor's note:
FFBF President Arthur E. Karst in his
last month's FA column described the FB
Citrus Committee as "outstanding and
well qualified to speak for the grower.")

CITRUS RECOGNITION
Florida Farm Bureau President Ar-
thur E. Karst of Vero Beach was de-
scribed as follows by the Orlando Sen-
tinel in a feature article recently:
"Mr. Karst is recognized as one of
the most knowledgeable men in the
Florida citrus industry."

Picture below was taken in Lake County
near the Citrus Tower at Clermont. From
atop the tower about 340,000 acres of
trees may be seen. The attraction is
popular with out-of-state visitors, especi-
ally during the citrus blooming period
which begins this month and ends in
March. The tower is open from 7:30
a.m. to sunset daily and Sundays. It is
located on U.S. 27 near Clermont.


CITRUS EDITORIAL

The annual citrus bloom could be to Florida what colored
Fall leaves are to other sections of the nation.
Each October millions of visitors travel many miles to see na-
ture's spectacular show, when trees of many colors put on their
annual dress.
Each February and March millions of visitors should be in-
duced to visit Florida to see another spectacular by mother nature.
At this season all of Florida's citrus, early, mid-season and late
varieties put on their annual bloom. At its peak the blossoms
appear like snow covering the trees and out-of-state visitors say
"once you smell orange blossoms you just never forget it" and that
there is nothing quite like it in the world.-Editor.



Citrus Briefs for February


The Fourth Annual Florida Citrus
Showcase Statewide Fresh Fruit Compe-
tition will be held during Florida Ci'rus
Festival Week, February 14th through the
22nd. The contest is to select the best
boxes of fresh fruit of ten different varie-
ties, as well as a "best in show" grand
prize winner.
The contest is open to any bonafide
grower, packer, or shipper of Florida fresh
citrus, commercial or gift fruit pack, with
no more than one box in each class being
entered by any individual or organization.
Judging is based on uniformity of
size, shape, color, exterior appearance,
and eating quality. A blue ribbon in this
contest is considered a potent selling
point for the winner's fruit in the Na-
tion's markets. There are two divisions-
Indian River Area and Interior Florida.
Classifications include grapefruit, seed-
less and seeded in both white, pinks and
reds, oranges, any midseason or late va-
rietv. and specialty fruits, Temples, Mur-
cotts. Tangerines, and Tangelos. All prize
fruit will be on display during the Fes-
tival period.


The second annual Market Research
Conference will be held February 14 at
the Florida Citrus Commission building
in Lakeland. The morning session begins
at 9 a.m. and will include reports on
consumer use of citrus. The afternoon
program starts at 1:30 p.m. and will in-
clude measurements of current Commis-
sion advertising programs.

A new ambassadress of goodwill for
the state's citrus industry will be chosen
this month to succeed out-going Citrus
Queen, Lynette Mary Allen, of Miami.
(See cover picture). Details of the an-
nual queen selection contest appear in
the youth section of this issue, pages
12 & 13.

An orange cake recipe is described in
the women's section of this issue, pages
14 & 15. It is suggested by a Hardee
County Farm Bureau member.

A typical scene in the Florida citrus
belt during harvesting season. Fruit is
placed in wooden field crates by pickers.
These are trucked to packing houses or
processors. (Orlando Area Chamber of
Commerce Photo.)


'" A ';


Ft '' .r .






























This picture shows how citrus pickers
harvest Florida's multi-million dollar
crop by hand. Mechanical harvesters of
various designs blow fruit from trees by
high pressure wind; by shaking the trees;
and other methods are being used to
some extent. Further research is con-
tinuing. (Orlando Area Chamber of Com-
merce photo.)

A recent information sheet from the
United States Steel Corporation tells
about that company's steel citrus bulk
bins, painted white to reflect heat. For
a copy write the firm's Clinton R. Mil-
stead, PR director for the SE district,
Box 599, Fairfield, Ala.

"The importance of Florida's growers
to the housewife in the metropolitan areas
along the nation's NE seaboard is vividly
illustrated by the fact that between 90
and 100% of the winter fresh fruit and
vegetables she purchases comes from our
state."-Doyle Conner, Florida Commis-
sioner of Agriculture

Citrus Responsible
For Big Glass Factory

A by-product of Florida's multi-million
dollar citrus industry is one of the larg-
est glass container manufacturing plants
in the world.
It is the Industrial Glass Company,
owned by Tropicana Products at Braden-
ton. Executive Vice President is Ed H.
Price, Jr., long-time member of the Flor-
ida Farm Bureau Federation.
The huge plant has a manufacturing
capacity of 500 tons of glass a day and
is, therefore, a heavy user of Florida
products. It needs about 254 tons of
sand daily, 72 tons of limestone, 90 tons
of soda ash, 33 tons of Feldspar and 2.2
tons of gypsum.
Mr. Price said that "the great major-
ity of these products come from Florida
and we use approximately 4 million cubic
feet of natural gas daily, along with some

Florida Agriculture, February, 1969


35,000 kilowatt hours electricity per day,
both purchased from Florida firms, too."
The firm's payroll is approximately $2
million annually and it employs all local
people in the operation of the big glass
container facility.
"The entire operation of Industrial
Glass Company and Tropicana Products,
Inc., can be classified as an agricultural
industry," Mr. Price added.

Florida's Orange Crop
Compared With California
Before the "big freeze" just prior to
the turn of the century Florida produced
nearly three times as many oranges as
California.
After that historic disaster California
jumped into the lead and did not lose it
again until more than 40 years had
passed.
Today Florida's orange crop is con-
siderably larger than California's. (See
last paragraph below.)
and fall of the orange situation in both
citrus producing states:
In 1889 California produced 1.2 million
boxes of oranges, but Florida led with
3.1 million.
Just 10 years later (1899) the figures
were: California 5.8 million boxes and
Florida only 273,000, showing effects of
the "Big" freeze. (Editor's note: old
timers say that growers left dishes on the
tables and fled following the freeze; that
some of the homes remained vacant for
years and that many of those who rushed
away never returned at all).
By 1909 Florida's orange crop had
come back into production with a gain of
about a million over the pre-freeze era.
But in the same time California had in-
creased its production by nearly three
fold. The situation stood at 14.4 million
boxes for California and 4.8 million for
Florida.
As 1920 rolled around Florida contin-
ued to gain on its rival, but was still far
behind. Production of oranges at that
time were: California 23.7 million
against 9.4 million for Florida.
During the next 10 years this state
more than doubled its production and
closed the gap, but the far western state
continued to increase too so remained out
front by a substantial amount. At that
time California produced 35.1 million
boxes and Florida 19.2 million.
As war clouds formed in 1940 here's
how the two states' production figures
stood: California 50.7 million boxes and
Florida 31.3 million.
During the war years California lost
ground and by 1945 picked only 44 mil-
lion boxes compared with Florida's big
54 million. After some 45 years Florida
was back again in the lead, and once
more the nation's top citrus producing
state.
By 1950 California had pushed produc-
tion a scant million boxes to 45.2 million,
but Florida's had grown to 72.1 million.
An up-to-date comparison is summar-
ized by Bob Rutledge, executive vice
president, Florida Citrus Mutual, as


This is a reproduction of the front page
of "The Citrus Grower" for the issue of
Friday, October 11, 1940. The publica-
tion was later changed to the Florida
Farm Bureau Bulletin, which in turn be-
came Florida Agriculture. The heading
at top of the page refers to first meeting
in Florida between the American Farm
Bureau and officials of the Florida Citrus
Growers, Inc. The story circled in lower
left tells about that meeting, which ulti-
mately resulted in formation o' the Flor-
ida Farm Bureau Federation. (Appre-
ciation extended to Henry Pringle, Lees-
burg, for the above copy. Mr. Pringle
has been general counsel for the FFBF
since its beginning.-editor.)



follows: "Florida produced last season
a total of 105 million boxes of oranges
(including Temples). The January 10th
crop estimate for this season is a total of
130 million boxes.
"The final pick-out for last season for
California was 19.6 million. This season
they have one of the largest crops in
many years, estimated at 41 million
boxes."

CITRUS NEWS ITEMS
The USDA recently announced that
oranges from South Africa will be al-
lowed into the U. S. for the first time.
Officials said that oranges from that
country have been prohibited previously
because of plant pests in the growing area.

Aid for the Italian orange industry was
demanded by hundreds of demonstrators
in Fondi (near Rome), recently. The
demonstrators jammed train traffic be-
tween Rome and Naples for several hours,
the news item said.










FFBF Field Services Division


By Charles Blair, FFBF Administrative Assistant
and Acting Director Field Services Division


The above pictures were snapped dur-
ing the recent FB President's Conference
in Gainesville by FFBF Director of In-
formation, Al Alsobrook. Top-Represen-
tative Kenneth MacKay of Ocala is seen
speaking to the assembled presidents at
the special President's Conerence Ban-
quet. Lower picture shows the Hillsbor-
ough County Farm Bureau Agency force
which was selected as the number one
agency force in the state.


A new program was added to the recent
annual County President's Conference
held in Gainesville.
A special orientation program for newly
elected Presidents was held prior to the
regular conference. They arrived in
Gainesville on the evening of January 27
and met at the FFBF state office building
early the next morning for the half-day
program, which included a tour of the
complex.
The main conference began at 1:00
p.m. the same day with a call to order
by FFBF President Arthur E. Karst. The
agenda included progress reports from
staff members, a discussion of labor prob-
lems, and a buffet dinner in the evening.
The final day's sessions included dis-
cussions of state and national legislative
issues. Presidents were formed into
smaller discussion groups and FFBF
Vice President Walter J. Kautz presided
at the session which summarized the
group discussions.
All County Presidents were invited to
attend the conference. If unable to at-
tend they were urged to pass along the
invitation to County Vice Presidents.

Eleven Suwannee County FB members
were among those honored at a recent
banquet held in Live Oak. The event
marked beginning of a second five-year
program of the Suwannee County Live-


stock Improvement Ass'n. Twenty-five
high quality bred gilts and 25 purebred
boars were awarded as prizes in the as-
sociation's swine improvement competi-
tion, a phase of the new program. The
following Suwannee FB members were
among the award winners: J. N. Croft,
Kenneth McLeod, J. M. Holtzclaw, Coy
Knight, Henry Watson, Mrs. Lois S.
Harrell, Raymond Jackson, Fred C. Glass,
R. A. Knight, I. W. Gaylord and J. C.
Hudson.
Seminole FB Office Secretary Marie
Dandridge reports that a special field
day for cabbage growers will be held
March 20 at the Central Florida Experi-
ment station in Sanford.
Martin FB President Bill Taylor ad-
vises readers of FA that his county's an-
nual fair will be held March 10-17 in
Stuart. L. M. Johnson is in charge and
his phone number is 287-1828.
In Orange County the annual Florida
Foliage Festival will be held March 28,
29, 30 at Apopka. Last year the event
attracted between 50,000 and 75,000 visi-
tors, according to Gertrude Evans, secre-
tary, Apopka Chamber of Commerce,
who said that people from nearly every
state of the nation were in attendance.
(Editor's note: more information will ap-
pear next issue on this event).


This wide view picture was taken at the recent AFBF na-
tional convention in Kansas City and obtained for this issue
of FA by Al Alsobrook, director of information, FFBF. It
shows official voting delegates from the various state Farm
Bureaus. Florida's official delegation is seen on front row
near left of picture. It includes: Walter Kautz, Canal Point,
FFBF Vice President; Forrest Davis, Quincy, FFBF Treasurer
and Arthur E. Karst, Vero Beach, FFBF President. Seated
on platform and nearest camera are, L to R, Walter L. Ran-
dolph, AFBF vice-president; Charles B. Shuman, AFBF Pres-


ident and Frank Pierce, general secretary, California FB and
convention song leader. The large crowd which attended the
convention meetings may be seen immediately behind official
delegates as well as in the balconies. (Editor's note: Farm
Bureau Women's delegation is seen in part at extreme right,
front row of the picture. Some of the delegates, including
Florida's Mrs. Marvin Crutchfield, FFBF's Women's Chair-
man, could not be photographed within the limits of the
camera. The next national convention will be held in Wash-
ington, D.C. See page 16 for pre-convention cruise.)














HOBBS MILICEVIC EMERSON SHADD


Pinellas FB reports that the annual
Fair in that county comes up next month,
March 10 through 15th at Largo.


Lake County FB's Executive Vice
President Herschel Roberts, Jr., resigned
February 1 to accept employment as a
legislative aid in Tallahassee. Albert
Marshall, a retired army colonel, and
citrus grower of the Umatilla area has
been appointed to succeed Mr. Roberts.
The picture shows the incoming and out-
going officials going over office proced-
ures in the Lake FB office at Tavares.
(Photo by Dennis Emerson, FFBF field-
man for the Central Florida area.)

Marion County's Ruby Griggs of Sil-
ver Springs in a letter to the editor says
last month's artist-carved salt block looks
like a bone.

Taylor FB's Pig Scramble. See pg. 13.


KNOWLE


Orange County is the site for 1969's
annual Florida Poultry Day, to be held
March 11. Headquarters will be the Rob-
ert Meyer Motor Inn. The day will be-
gin with a golf tournament and end with
selection of a new "Poultry Queen" at the
evening's grand ball. For more informa-
tion write Florida Poultry Federation, Box
18092, Tampa 33609.

Indian River FB's offer of $1000 toward
cost of a boat launching ramp at the new
Wabasso Island Park has been accepted
by that county's Board of Commission-
ers. The officials agreed to match the
Farm Bureau contribution with another
$1,000 toward the facilities, now under
construction. Dudley Clyatt, past Presi-
dent of the Indian River FB, heads a
committee which is pushing the FB spon-
sored project as reported in last month's
issue of this magazine.


Highlands FB's Mr. and Mrs. John F.
Smoak of Lake Placid received an award
of merit last month from Leon Tolar,
Farm Bureau Service Agent. The citation
was "for their tremendous job in keeping
down workmen's compensation losses,"
Mr. Tolar said, adding that "along with
the award was a dividend check for $2,-
776.50." Mr. and Mrs. Smoak operate
the Agricultural Development Corpora-
tion. Another recent highlight in High-
lands was the purchase of ground for its
new office building.
Continued on page 17


S SULLIVAN SPILMAN

Ten north Florida County FB's will
be served by FFBF's recently ap-
pointed A. H. (Ham) Spilman. His
territory will include Dixie, Gadsden,
Hamilton, Jefferson, Lafayette, Leon,
Madison, Suwannee, Taylor and Wa-
kulla counties. The new fie!dman
(see photo top of page) is a native of
Culpepper County, Virginia, and is a
charter member of the Virginia Farm
Bureau. He comes to Florida follow-
ing 11 years with the Virginia Farm
Bureau service program.

L. L. Lanier of Wewachitchka is the
new FFBF state director from district
three comprising Bay, Calhoun, Gulf and
Washington Counties. He was born and
raised in Wewahitchka and attended
schools in that city.
Mr. Lanier is a beekeeper with farm-
ing interests in the Apalachicola River
Valley area. He is a member of the
Masonic Lodge, Shrine, the Florida State
Beekeeper's Ass'n and church affiliation
is Baptist.
The new State Farm Bureau board
member is also President of the Gulf
County Farm Bureau and has served on
that county's board of directors too.
Mrs. Lanier (nee Martha Taylor) was
born and raised in Somerset, Ky. Mr.
and Mrs. Lanier have a son, Ben, who is
11 years old. Their mailing address is
P. 0. Box 505, Wewahitchka, 32465 and
telephone number is 639-2371.
(Editor's note: sketches of other new
directors appeared in the last issue and
others will follow next month.)


These three pictures were taken during the recent dedica-
tion ceremonies at Volusia County Farm Bureau's new build-
ing site. It is located east of DeLand near Interstate 4 and is
adjacent to a new County Agricultural complex which houses
various farm offices and activities. New quarters for the an-
nual Volusia County Fair are also in the immediate area.
During the ceremonies Volusia's President Elvin B. Daugharty
recognized FB leaders who helped push the new building
project to completion as well as other leaders for their con-
tribution to both the organization and to agriculture. Open
pit barbecued steaks, cooked by Farm Bureau people on the
property was served to those present after the ceremonies.


Ladies of the organization supplied desserts, hot breads, and
other ingredients for the supper. The pictures, le,'t to right:
FFBF President Arthur E. Karst, of Vero Beach, Volusia
President Daugharty, and Earl W. Ziebarth of Pierson; the
new building; and FFBF Executive Vice President T. K.
McClane, Jr., Gainesville and President Daugharty. Mr.
Karst and Mr. McClane were guest speakers. Mr. Ziebarth,
a former Volusia President and current member of the FFBF
board, was among those honored for contributions to agricul-
ture as well as to the Volusia Farm Bureau. Photos by Alvin
Alsobrook, director, FFBF Department of Information.)




































The cover is a picture of Florida's
Citrus Queen, Lynette Mary Allen of
Miami, whose year long reign comes to
a close this month.
Selection of Lynette's successor will be
a highlight o' the annual Florida Citrus
Showcase, which runs from February 14
through 22 at Winter Haven. Evening
gown and bathing suit competitions will
be held at Nora Mayo Hall, Monday.
February 17, when over 25 contestants
will be judged for the 1969 award.
The outgoing queen is the daughter of
Mr. and Mrs. Erwin Allen, 16230 N.E.
Miami Place, Miami, where she was
born. Miss Allen attended North Miami
High School and Florida State Univer-
sity at Tallahassee. She is 22. weighs
124 pounds, stands 5'8" and has black
hair and hazel eyes. Her hobbies are
sewing, painting and modeling.
The Florida Citrus Queen is official
ambassadress of goodwill for the state's
citrus industry, and travels throughout
the nation as well as in foreign countries
during her year-long reign.
(Editor's note: For information about
next year's queen pageant write Florida
Citrus Showcase, 100 Cypress Gardens
Blvd., Winter Haven, Fla. 33880.)




YOUTH HUMOR
A young girl asked her mother
what "vice" meant. Her mother
carefully explained it meant doing
a!l sorts of bad things, and then
asked why her daughter wanted to
know.
"Oh," exclaimed the girl excitedly,
"I've just been elected vice-presi-
dent of our home room."-Quoted
from Capper's Weekly.


Youth Section

DANCE PAVILION

AT SHOWCASE

Youth will play a large part in this
month's annual "Citrus Festival Week"
at Winter Haven, February 14-22, the
Florida Citrus Showcase officials an-
nounced recently.
They remind young readers that a
newly built pavilion, adjacent to the
orange-domed Showcase building, is fin-
ished and will accommodate up to 200
couples. It will feature two stages so
that continuous live music from six alter-
nating bands will be available.
The pavilion will be open from 6 to
10:30 p.m. on weekdays and from noon
to 11:30 on week-ends and fully super-
vised at all times, the announcement said,
adding that a spectator area is also pro-
vided. Admission charges will be $1.00
on a "stay-as-long-as-you-like" basis.
The youth committee of the Showcase,
composed of a senior student represent-
ing each of Polk County's 13 high
schools, helped plan details of the opera-
tion of the pavilion.

1,286,000 teen-agers own stock in
big corporations listed on Wall Street,
according to the Chase Manhat'an Bank
of New York City, adding that over 74
percent of all teen-agers in the U.S. have
savings accounts in the nation's banks.

Agricultural courses are being offered
Monday and Wednesday evenings at the
Polk Vocational Technical Center, at
Bartow Air Base. The courses include:
Citrus Culture and Grove Management:
Tractor Mechanics; and Farm Machin-
ery Welding. The courses are primarily
for those not attending high school and
they count as credit toward a diploma.
For information about the next session
of thes2 courses contact Manning Carter,
Agriculture Coordinator. Bartow Air
Base, building 405.

Teen-agers throughout the nation will
represent their respective areas at the
forthcoming 10th annual National Youth-
power Congress to be held in the Midland
Hotel, Chicago, March 26 to 29. The
delegates will participate in meetings,
seminars, panel discussions, and tours of
Chicago food and association facilities to
learn about the food industry. (Editor's
note: More about this event will appear
in the next issue.)

The 1969 "Miss Florida Pageant" will
take place at the Orlando Municipal Au-
ditorium, July 9-11. Readers interested
in more information about pageant par-
ticipation may write Don Baker, execu-
tive director, P.O. Box 2989, Orlando
32802.

The Wakulla Area Swine Show has
been rescheduled for March 20. It is open
to 4-H Club and FFA members as well
as adults.


I


I)ade County's Kate Reilly and Craig
Stevens, both 18. reigned as queen and
king of the 1969 Dade County Youth
Fair last month. The 19th annual event
was held for six days last month at the
county fairgrounds, located on North
Kendall Drive in Miami. This is said
to be the largest event of its kind in the
U. S. and attracts over 150,000 boys and
girls and adults annually. It includes a
fat steer show and auction, a teen-age
dance contest; and "All American Fash-
ion Show" staged by the county home
economics department for girls; a break-
away sway pole act; a Kid's milking
contest, a youth Western horse show,
and judging of poultry, eggs, plants and
flowers. (Photo courtesy: John Crouse
Associates.)

Outstanding Young Farmers for 1969
will be selected in Des Moines, Iowa
April 7-9. Winners from similar contests
held in states and communities and their
wives will attend the three-day event.
(For more information write: Ken Scriv-
ner, the U.S. Yaycees, box 7, Tulsa,
Okla. 74114, sponsors).

Orange County's Apopka High School
was praised in an editorial which ap-
peared in a recent issue of The Orlando
Sentinel. In part the editorial said:
"The school is one of the leaders in the
state for training students in agricultural
pursuits. It has its own experimental
citrus grove and slat shed." The school's
principal for the past 22 years is Roger
Williams.

A Georgia farm youth is current win-
ner of the annual Future Farmer farm
and home electrification award. Jimmy
Zittrouer, 18, who attends the University
of Georgia, has used his parents' 400-
acre farm near Springfield as a proving
ground for his electrical work. In addi-
tion he has carried on farming projects
of his own.

Florida Agriculture, February, 1969
























February Feature

HOW VALENTINE'S

DAY CAME ABOUT
A brief history of Valentine's Day
written for Florida Agriculture by the
editors of Precis.
St. Valentine, who lent his name to the
holiday, actually had little to do with it.
Two Saint Valentines-one a Roman
priest and the other a bishop martyred
in Rome about 270-had birthdays Feb-
ruary 14, and when the Christians tried
to purify the Roman fertility festival
Lupercalia, which also came in February,
they changed the holiday's name to St.
Valentine's day.
Also from the Lupercalian celebrations
came the custom of dropping valentines
into a box for distribution. At one point
in the Lupercalian festival, Romans drew
women's names from a box, though au-
thorities are not sure why.
Christians copied the custom, though
they substituted the names of saints.
Today in classrooms throughout the
country, children continue the tradition.
Remember "Guess Who" or "Secret Ad-
mirer?"
A 19th century game called "Progres-
sive Proposals" was popular. Young
girls at Valentine's Day parties proposed
to each boy in the room. The boys re-
warded the offers with either mittens or
hands, the latter being an accept-


ance, the former a rejection. When the
game was over the girl with the most
hands won a prize, and the girl with the
most mittens got-warm hands.
Research for the above was made by
Shulton, Inc., makers of Escapade Co-
lognes for women. In their search the
researchers found an early Valentine's
Day card written by a fruit grower to
his beloved as follows: "Sweeter than an
orange grove, is the charming maid I
love, no grapes more luscious than your
lips."
(Editor's note: see items elsewhere in
this issue about orange blossom time in
Florida.)

Holmes County's Margie Lyon, 16-
year-old high school student of Bonifay,
writes: "I really do enjoy your youth
page, but think you should make it a
little longer and
perhaps, have a fea-
ture story of interest
to youth in each is-
sue." Miss Lyon is
active in her coun-
ty's 4-H council and
presently serves as
official delegate.
S She is also public
speaking champ for
the group and says:
"I quite often get
asked to speak in
front of groups of people. It's quite an
experience to behold." Margie's hobbies
are mostly the out-of-door type such as
swimming, and horseback riding, but also
include "partying and tending to my
new niece, born January 13." This com-
ing summer she will represent Holmes
County at the State 4-H Congress. (Edi-
tor's note: Following the above sugges-
tion this page includes a feature story
for youth. Suggestions and ideas from
other readers are invited. Send them to
editor, FLORIDA AGRICULTURE. 4350 SW
13th St.. Gainesville.)

An 18-year-old Fort Worth, Texas girl
was named "Miss Rodeo USA" in Little
Rock, Ark. last month. She is Donna
McLauchlin, who won the title at the In-
ternational Rodeo Association meeting.

Escambia's Byron Smith and Pam
Shelden were honored at a banquet last
month for being named 4-H Boy and Girl
of the year. The dinner was sponsored
by the Interstate Fair and the Escambia
County Farm Bureau and took place in
Pensacola.

Florida's mid-winter rodeo season is at
hand. (See events column on page 5 for
dates and places.) This is a Rodeo Quiz
for youthful readers. See if you can
identify the rider and horse. (Hint: they
appeared in the Elk's Rodeo which enter-
tained some 14,000 Boy Scouts at their
World Scout Jamboree held in Idaho.
Send your answers to Editor, Florida Ag-
riculture, 4350 S.W. 13th St., Gainesville,
Fla. Names of correct guessers will ap-
pear in this column next issue.

Florida Agriculture, February, 1969


Taylor County FB recently sponsored
a "delayed-action pig scramble." The
original scramble was held last summer
during the outbreak of hog cholera and
winners were unable to get their pigs
at the time. Ham Spilman. FFBF field-
man, says that "The five outstanding 4-H
members were given an opportunity to
draw lots to determine which pig they
would receive now that the hog cholera
danger seems to be past." Four boys
and one girl will take the pigs home
and raise them for show this coming
fall. Taylor County FB contributed
$100.00 toward the purchase of three
pigs while its president, John Sheppard
and board member, Jim Phillips, donated
a pig each. Pictured here are the youth
participants and two of the donors: L to
R-Carl Hill, Erward Hill, Mr. Phillips,
Ray Vann, Bryan Bethea, Winifred Kel-
ley and Mr. Sheppard. (Photo by Ham
Spilman.)

Nineteen year old Cathy Nuirhead of
Denton, Texas, was recently named 1969
Maid of Cotton. Chosen from a field of
20 finalists in Memphis last month, she
has hazel eyes, light brown hair, and
attends Texas Woman's University. She
is now on her international tour as
American Cotton industry's 31st fashion
and goodwill ambassadress. The "queen"
sews herself and has worked part-time
in a teen apparel shop.


a~P~li~a~fr '









FOR WOMEN ONLY


I


"This cool, elegant summer blouse
is modeled by Charlotte Henbest. The
entire blouse is worked in a stockin-
ette stitch of knit 1 row, purl 1 row.
The garment does not feature button
holes. We used snaps and sewed to
the outside pearl buttons which give
this blouse an additional touch of
elegence. Any novice can fashion
this adorable summer item." -Ursula
duBois Lewis.
To obtain pattern number 256 send
75 cents to Ursula duBois Lewis, Flor-
ida Agriculture, Box 3307, Van Nuys,
Calif. 91407. Print plainly name, ad-
dress, pattern number and zip code.

Three berries from the forthcoming
Hillsborough County Strawberry Festival
will add decoration and flavor to the
luscious double lemon roll cake pictured
below. Florida's winter-grown tomatoes
make possible for most of the nation's
frozen North a salad similar to the one
shown at the right. For free copies of
the two recipes-Double Lemon Roll and
Pizza Romaine Salad send a self-ad-
dressed envelope to Mrs. Jane Meyer,
Florida Agriculture, 4350 S.W. 13th St.,
Gainesville, Fla.


We plan to have a workshop for
Farm Bureau women at the Gaines-
ville building next month. The exact
date hasn't been set but County
leaders will be notified, of course. I
sure hope that many of you ladies
will be able to attend this important
meeting. It will help us in our work
for 1969.
Our state project for this year is
"Respect for Law and Order." This
is a very timely and needed project.
Let's all join hands and really do
something about this project.
We will be able to suggest some
local projects at the workshop and
I am sure you will find some around
you that you will be able to work
on. If you think of one that others
might use bring it to the workshop,
please.

Pinellas County FB's Mrs. Florence
Hardin of Dunedin writes: I am not a
youth, as I am the mother of five chil-
dren and 14 grandchildren. I enjoy
reading FLORIDA AGRICULTURE and the
Bible. This is the answer to your last
month's youth quiz: The person described
is Jesus Christ. (Editor's note: Mrs.
Hardin is correct.)

Hardee County FB's Mrs. Verna Whit-
field has suggested an orange marble
cake recipe for readers of this citrus issue
of FLORIDA AGRICULTURE. For a copy
send a self addressed envelope to Mrs.
Jane Meyer, Florida Farm Bureau, 4350
SW 13th St., Gainesville.


February 15 is final deadline for mail-
ing recipes in the annual national Chick-
en Cooking Contest. Prizes of $1000,
$500 and $300 are offered top winners
in each of several divisions, plus a num-
ber of smaller ones. (Editor's note: this
information is only for those who have
ordered the official entry blanks, which
must accompany each recipe. There
isn't time to order blanks. Recipes
should be sent to National Chicken Cook-
ing Contest, Rt. 2, Box 47, Georgetown,
Delaware 19947.)

First in a series
PROFILE FOR PROGRESS
by Mrs. Haven Smith, chairman,
AFBF Women's Committee
"We believe our policy should re-
flect the informed opinion of our mem-
bers in the 2,765 county Farm Bu-
reaus, and we have a unique and in-
creasingly effective system for study-
ing issues and developing policy at the
grass roots. We believe Farm Bureau
should be a family organization-and
it is-with women carrying a full
share of responsibility."

A new booklet, entitled "A complete
Guide to Home Meat Curing" has just
been published. It describes the best
techniques to properly select, butcher,
cure and season beef, pork, veal, lamb
and large and small game. The 42 page
guide contains 132 illustrations describ-
ing equipment and materials needed for
each type of meat and gives tips for best
results. Copies may be obtained by
sending a check or money order for $1.25
to Morton Salt Company, Department
X, Box 355, Argo, Illinois 60501.


By Mrs. Marvin Crutchfield, FFBF's Women's Chairman










fil. '* l



Here are four of the eight fresh, new
fashions from simple basic to high to
low-belted beauties-eight smart ways to
look summer, fall, all seasons. Easy to
sew. From one printed pattern, number
9201 in misses' sizes 8, 10, 12, 14, 16;
new half sizes 12%, 14%, 16/2, 18,
201/ and 221/2. Send 65 cents in coin
to Florida Agriculture Patterns. Box 42,
Old Chelsea Station, New York 10011.
Please print name, address with zip code,
size and style number.

Cooking tip: Stick a garlic clove on a
toothpick before dropping it into sauce
or stew. It is easily found to remove
when desired. (From Old Farmer's Al-
manac.)

GEORGE WASHINGTON: Farmer
This is the birth month of the nation's
first President, George Washington, who
was an outstanding farmer.
He constantly exchanged letters with
agricultural experimenters at home and
in England. He im-
ported plants, shrubs
and trees from all
over the world. To-
day at Mount Ver-
non there are at
least 57 trees still
standing which were
set out by President
Washington.
He experimented
with clover, rye, tim-
othy and alfalfa to enrich the soil as
early as 1760, and was the first in the
country to plant pecan trees. He was
one of the few who tried crop rotation
at a time when plenty of new land was
available. He still had time to tinker
with several inventions to make planting,
harvesting and processing easier on the
plantation. The results? The flour, for
one, produced at Mount Vernon was so
unusual for its purity and excellence that
it was known all over the Americas and
Europe.
George Washington was also an excel-
lent businessman and accountant, an in-
ventor, a connoiseur of fine terrazzo
flooring, a designer, a magnanimous host,
and-according to Thomas Jefferson-"the
best horseman of his age." He also ex-
celled in the field of architecture, and
used this skill to enlarge and improve his
home place after his return from the
Revolution. Many architects consulted
Washington.
The First President was in every as-
pect an American. Most of his early
years were spent in the backwoods. He
was a farmer, a man who worked with
his hands, a General, a statesman and
"Father of his Country."

Florida Agriculture, February, 1969


Clip and Mail today

To Farm Bureau Tours
P. 0. Box 7605, Orlando, Florida 32804
Please send free descriptive brochure of the Farm Brueau's Grand Tour of
the Caribbean and deck plan of the ship.

Name

Address Phone

City Zip Code




THIS MAY BE YOUR LAST

CHANCE TO SELECT THE

STATEROOM OF YOUR CHOICE

on the luxury liner SS Brazil, which as been chartered exclu-
sively for Farm Bureau people November 21 to December 5.

Reservations from throughout the nation are pouring into tour head-
quarters. Tour officials report bigger response than four years ago when a
similar tour was a complete sell-out months ahead.
The cruise ship will visit Curacao, Aruba, Bonaire and a total of nine
exotic islands of the Caribbean during its 15 day cruise. It departs and returns
to Florida's Ft. Lauderdale. A chartered train will be waiting to take returning
voyagers to the AFBF national convention in Washington, D.C. (The train trip
is, optional, of course).
This all-expense tour will be a never forgotten experience a delight-
ful, leisure vacation on one of the world's finest cruise ships a time to
meet Farm Bureau people from all over the nation. So rush your request for
information today. You won't be sorry just wait and seel


Many Married Men Now
Are Cooking in Homes
Forty-six per cent of all married men
are cooking in the home, it was revealed
in a survey made by the research division
of the Men's National Cooking Cham-
pionship, an annual event sponsored by
the Potato Chip Institute International.
The Institute in a recent release said:
With increasing participation in the day-
to-day household routine, many men have
found that cooking has proved to be not
a tedious task at all, but one that stimu-
lates the imagination and creativity.
As one wife glowingly reported in the
survey, "At first I resented my husband's
joy in preparing meals. It just didn't
seem right that he could have so much
fun from a job which I've always dis-
liked so much. However, now that I've
gotten used to the idea I freely admit
that he's almost a magician when it comes
to glorifying leftovers, and his pre-plan-
ning of menus has cut down our grocery
bill considerably."
(Editor's note: This year's annual
Men's National Cooking Championship
was held recently in Atlanta, Georgia's
Marriott Hotel. Names of winners and
information about their prize winning
recipes will appear in the next issue of
this magazine.)


This is an actual reproduction of an
ad that was published in 1899. It was
the latest thing in modern transportation
at the time. (From the book "Early Ad-
vertising" by Floyd Clymer. by Crown
Publishers, 419 Park Ave., S, New York
10016.)

FRENCH'S, Summer Street.








1899.


Summer Attractions.
OUR designs and construction for this season are abso-
lutely far superior ill excellence to any previous efforts,
and embody the study and experience of more thin 3o years'
service to a most critical and particular clientele in almost
every locality where pleasure carriages are used.
The opportunity to exhibit our latest
models, or describe by mail, is cor-
dially invited.

THE FRENCH CARRIAGE CO,
83 and 85 Summer St., cor. Kingston, only,
F..DIOAN D F. .FRINC. BOSTON, MASS.



































This husky South Devon Bull is part to develop a dual purpose breed u'ith
of an 84-head shipment from England to meaty carcass characteristics and high
the U.S. and Canada last month. It is milk production for North American
one of the largest cattle shipments ever beef breeders. (For more information
received from the British Isles. The herd write Big Beef Hybrids, International
will be used in an experimental project Co., Box 223, Stillwater, Minn.)



SHORT AGRICULTURAL STORIES

Publication Ends


A part of rural America has died this
month. The Saturday Evening Post,
founded 148 years ago, primarily for
small town and country readers, ceased
publication on February 8. The maga-
zine, ready by millions of Americans
generation after generation, suffered loss-
es of over $5 million last year, according
to an announcement by the publishing
firm.

Goat Replaces Man
A Maryland plant recently fired its
gardener and retained a goat to keep the
grass around the premises cut short. The
Charleston Mail observes that "the goat
isn't perfect, heaven knows, but he does
a creditable job and is fairly easy to get
along with. People, as nearly every ob-
server has noted," the newspaper contin-
ued, "have grown too expensive. They
can't afford each other. They are, in
fact, a luxury item, and this, added to


RURAL HUMOR: One farmer was
telling another about a marvelous new
scarecrow he devised. It was made of
tin and not only waved its arms but
also every few minutes emitted a
blood-curdling yell.
His neighbor asked, "But does it
really scare the crows?"
"Scare the crows!" exclaimed the
farmer. "It scares them so bad they
bring back the corn they stole last
year!" -Quote.


all their disagreeable qualities, most of
which are ineradicable, affords a glimpse
of the future. Eventually, everything
that is not done by machines, will be
done by dumb beasts, and people, will
be left to work for the government."

Pigs for Harvesting
Another situation which employs ani-
mals is of long standing in France.
Rural people there have used pigs for
harvesting truffles, considered a table
delicacy by the French. Recently a
French pig was cited for what is claimed
a world's record. The animal snouted
out 20 truffles in a half hour of compe-
tition outside Paris.

New Farm Medicine
A new medicine for dairy and feeder
calves, pigs, sows, chickens and turkeys
is on the market, according to a recent
announcement. It is called Neo-Terra-
mycin Top Dress, a medicated crumbles
containing two antibiotics and eight es-
sential vitamins. The product is avail-
able from farm and feed dealers the an-
nouncement said, but further information
may be obtained by writing C. Jan West-
moreland, Charles Pfizer & Co., 235 E.
42nd St., New York.

Lawn-Garden Week
The period March 20-26 has been des-
ignated National Lawn and Garden Week.
The USDA and various groups are
sponsors.

16 Florida Agriculture, February, 1969


FARMERS

ART


Rate: 15t per word; min $3. Display $10 col inch
P. O. Box 8802, Orlando, Florida 32806
BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES
MAKE BIG MONEY raising chinchillas, rabbits, guinea
pigs for us. Catalog 25. Keeney Brothers, New
Freedom, Pa. 17349.
FARM EQUIPMENT
l t 461-.000

EQUIPMENT COMPANY
Supplier of a Complete Line
of Quality Irrigation Equipment
511 So. 4th St. Ft. Pierce
Member Florida Irrigation Society
1500 GALLON CLAY honey wagon, PTO, Mounted on
two flotation tires. Like new, reasonable. R. V.
Delvich Rt. 2, Box 612A, Apopka, Fla. 32703.
FOR SALE: SEVEN 25,000 gallon fuel storage tanks.
Art Quicksall, Brooker, Florida 32622, Phone AC-904.
485-2881.
"NEW PUMP" irrigation or drainage. Just back
into water, wheels and all. Power take-off shaft
operated. No suction pipe check valve, no priming.
Butyl Rubber Discharge 2" to 24" sizes. 200 to
24,000 gallons per minute.



CRISAFULLI PUMP CO,
lmindive, Mutane 59330.
LIVESTOCK & SUPPLIES
CALF CREEP FEEDERS-30 bushel capacity, $92.50.
Dealerships available. Free literature. Dolly Enter-
prises. 202 Main, Colchester, III. 62326.
BRED GILTS, OPEN GILTS, SERVICE
BOARS, CERTIFIED MEAT TYPE
YORKSHIRE HERD. BEST BY TEST:
PRODUCTION CARCASS.
JOHN SIMPSON
ALACHUA, FLORIDA
DAIRY AND BEEF
CALVES
2 to 12 weeks old delivered directly to you on approv-
al. You must take 25 head or more. We deliver 7
days after you place your order. Available anytime.
Prices delivered: 2 to 3 weeks old each Holstein
Heifers $45 00; Holstein Bulls $42.50; Guernsey Heifers
$42.50; Angus Hol. Cross $50.00-
4 to 5 weeks old Holstein Heifers $55.00; Holstein
Bulls $55.00; Guernsey Heifers $50.00; Angus Hal.
Cross $55.00.
6 to 8 weeks old Holstein Heifers $65.00; Guernsey
Heifers $62.50; Angus Bulls or Heifers $65.00; Holstein
Bulls $60.00.
10 yeeks old Holstein Heifers $77.50; Guernsey
Heifers $75.00; Holstein Bulls $75.00; Angus Hol.
Cross $77.50.
Call or write
BILL NOLAN
Bonduel, Wisconsin 54107
Phone area code 715-758-4741
MISCELLANEOUS
LOANS ALL TYPES
$10,000 to $100,000,000
Anywhere in USA and Canada
Fisher Real Estate-Mortgage Corp.
Mortgage Brokers, Joy, Illinois
CATFISH. We are now taking orders on Channel
Catfish Fingerlings for immediate delivery. Write for
prices. Keego Clay Products Co., Brewton, Alabama.
36426. Phone 867-4548.
PICK-UP TRUCK STOCK RACKS-All steel construction
$109.50. Dealerships available. Free literature. Dolly
Enterprises, 202 Main, Colchester, 111. 62326.
MAKE YOUR WILL. Why delay? Send $1.00 for 4 Will
Forms and book about wills written by nationally
known attorney. Legal Forms Company, Department
97, 1967 Guardian Building, Detroit, Michigan 48226.
REPRODUCTION CHINA Head Dolls. Send stamp for
pictures. Beulah Pipkin, Route 1, Box 294, Lakeland,
Fla. 33803.
AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING. A dictionary and
handbook by Forrall & Albrecht. $9.95. Order from
Florida Agriculture Book Dept., Interstate Printers,
Danville, III. 61832.







CHRISTENDOM ASTRAY
A 256 page book proving modern Christendom Astray
from the Gospel as taught in the Scriptures by Christ
and the Apostles. Study this book with your Bible at
your side. $1.00 post free. Ted Higgs,10023 Cheyenne,
Detroit, Mich. 48227.
ARTHRITIS-RHEUMATISM. Discover the joy of pain
free joints. Fast relief, even stubborn conditions re-
spond with Dr. Ford's Liniment. Powerful 4 oz. bottle
$2.00. 16 oz., $6.00. Guaranteed. Dr. Ford Labora-
tories, Box 482-G, Owenton, Kentucky 40359.
WANTED-CURRIER IVES original ship disaster prints.
Fires, wrecks, etc. Carroll Cooney, Old Lyme. Conn.
06371.
RESURRECTED MILLIONS will farm fertile ocean
bottoms when seas are removed by coming whirl-
windl Startlingl Free. Write: Harvest-FM Jefferson
City, Mo. 65101.
MAKE YOUR WILL-Four will forms with instructions
by attorney. $1. Money back guarantee. Wimple
Enterprises Box 822, Dept. FM2, Garden Grove, Calif.
PLANTS & NURSERY STOCK
PLANTING A PECAN ORCHARD
Plant trees grown on our better-root stock. Faster
growth, quicker profits. One of the South's largest
growers of vigorous thrifty pecan trees. Leading va-
rieties, plus new Government Crosses.
NEW VARIETIES OF FRUITS
FOR THE SOUTH
WRITE FOR FREE CATALOG & PRICE LIST
Cockrell's Riverside Nursery
ROUTE 1-PHONE 938-2577
GOLDTHWAITE TEXAS 76844
600 ASSORTED Sweet Onion Plants with free plant-
ing guide $3.60 postpaid. TONCO "home of the
sweet onion," Farmersville, Texas 75031.
POULTRY & RABBITS
RABBITS. Raise Rabbits for us on $500 month plan.
Free details. White's Rabbitry, Mt. Vernon, Ohio
43050.
REAL ESTATE
GOVERNMENT PUBLIC Land (400,000,000 acres) in
25 states. Low as $1.00 acre. 1969 Report. Details
$1.00. Land Information, 422-FM-2 Washington
Building, Washington, D.C. 20005.
PRETTY RETIREMENT acre on highway 316, near cross
state canal bridge, to be four laned. New 3 bedroom
cottage on rear, lake view, quiet. $15,000. Worth
more, to increase in value. Will swap for city, town
or mountain property. Write Box 6, Ft. McCoy, Fla.
32637.
FREE BOOKLET, Missouri Forms with actual photos.
Owensby Realtors, Buffalo, Missouri 65622.
REAL ESTATE WANTED
WANTED CHOICE acreage between Orlando and
Disneyland. Large tract minimum 100 acres dry
suitable for development. Realtor, P. 0. Box 356,
Cocoa, Fla. 32922.
SIGNS
FOR SALE: Nameplates, badges, truck signs, decals,
Pressure sensitive labels. Free catalog, samples and
quotations. Seton Nameplate Corp. Dept. FM, New
Haven, Conn, 06505.
FOR WOMEN
FREE "BALLET GIRL PIN" from Taiwan. Send 25 for
postage and handling. Will send credit sip for 50r.
Hartsil, 214 Crooked Lane, King of Prussia, Pa. 19406.
NEED EXTRA MONEY-for yourself, church or club.
Sell Christmas Greeting Cards, Everyday Gifts, etc.
Write Valley Cards, 128 North Bevard Street, Char-
lotte, North Carolina 28202.
IT'S FUN RAISING FUNDS-with a Hat Party. $50.00
to $250.00 easy for civic or church groups. Write
Best Fashions Box 91, Charlotte, N. C. 28202.
MONEY FOR YOUR TREASURY
OVER 2 MILLION
SUNFLOWER
DISHCLOTHS
were sold last year by members of societies, clubs,
groups, etc. They enable you to earn money for
your treasury and make friends for your organization.
Sample FREE to Official
SANGAMON MILLS, INC. Cohoes, N.Y. 12047
Established 1915
50 TOWELS $2.50. Brand new. Biggest towel bargain
ever. Send $2.50 plus 504 postage-handling per set.
Bargain House, Box 565, Falls Church, Va. 22046.
ARTIFICIAL FLOWER materials, jewelry, handicrafts.
Discount catalog 25$. Flocraft, Farrell, Pa 16121.
TOO LATE TO CLASSIFY
FARROWING STALLS-Complete $26.75. Dealerships
available. Free literature. Dolly Enterprises, 202
Main, Colchester, III. 62326.


Your Company



RARELY GOES TO COURT


... to settle claims!


Last year your Farm Bureau Insurance Company handled 14,068 Fire
and Auto Claims.

Of these 8961 were settled in a routine way, from your state head-
quarters building by mail promptly.

Another 5107 were handled promptly by your own local company
adjusters.

Only 16 cases went to trial and about half of these went to defense
verdict, indicating an honest difference of opinion.

Tell your non-Farm Bureau friends about this wonderful service and make
them wish they, too, could buy the best protection at the lowest cost, with
the quickest and best service.




FLORIDA FARM BUREAU MUTUAL

INSURANCE CO.

4350 SW 13th St. Phone 372-0401 Gainesville, Fla.



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Your bookkeeping monthly bimonthly or quarterly.
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Period costs as low as $3.33 per month.
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An introductory quarter at our expense.
275 Angell Street MANAGEAID, INC. Providnce., .02906


FFBF Field Services Division

Continued from page 11


The third annual Agricultural Pest
Control Conference will be held this
month in Gainesville. It will be a two-day
meeting, February 25 and 26th at Mc-
Carty Auditorium, University of Florida.
It is primarily a conference covering in-
sects, plant diseases, nematodes, weeds,
pest wildlife, application equipment, etc.
A registration fee of $3.00 per person
will be charged. For a printed program
or for more information contact the Ag-
ricultural Extension Service, University
of Florida, Gainesville.

Polk FB's John W. Garster of Lakeland
comments on this magazine's article last
month listing agricultural products of
American origin. He writes: "You left
out some very important ones, the com-
mon potato, tomato and tobacco. I have
wondered how the world got along with-
out the potato before the days of Chris-

Florida Agriculture, February, 1969


topher Columbus. Today it is cultivated
in almost every country of the globe
where the soil and climate are suitable."

Sumter County's Mr. and Mrs. Peter
Eveleth of St. Catherine recently re-
quested information concerning subscrip-
tion price of this magazine. The editor
suggested that they join the Farm Bureau
and thus receive the publication free of
charge. Sumter's office secretary, Bar-
bara Klingmann reports that Mr. and
Mrs. Eveleth have joined the organization.

The annual FFBF district meetings
will be held throughout the state Feb-
ruary 24, 25, 26 and 27th. The meetings
will include discussions of legislative is-
sues as well as local problems. (Editor's
note: more detailed information will be
sent directly to County FB's.)









The President's Message



By Arthur E. (Art) Karst, Vero Beach
President, Florida Farm Bureau Federation


On January 28th and 29th, the 14th
annual County President's Conference
was held at FFBF headquarters in
Gainesville. Attendance and participation
by county presidents and FFBF board
members was excellent. There was held
on the morning of the 28th a special
school for first term presidents.
Progress reports and informational dis-
cussions were held pertaining to Mem-
bership and Field Services, Information
and Public Relations, Commodity Mar-
keting, Farm Records, Tire & Battery
Dept., the Role & Responsibilities of the
County Farm Bureau and its officers,
the organizational structure of FFBF and
its various service subsidiaries, Farm
Labor, and the Women's Department.
Of special emphasis and interest was
the discussions of State and National Is-
sues including legislative, administrative,
and regulatory. Provost of Agriculture
Dr. E. T. York outlined his views on
"The Important Issues Facing Florida
Agriculture Today," and Rep. Ken Mc-
Kay, Jr. from Ocala gave us a member's
view of the legislature and its present
activities.
Representing agriculture before legis-
lative, administrative, and regulatory
agencies is a prime Farm Bureau re-
sponsibility. We develop our recom-
mendations on such matters through our
resolution process. Then we endeavor to
get members of Congress and the Legis-
lature to understand our position, and
embody our recommendations into new
legislation being considered.
On the National level, we now have a
Democratic controlled Congress and a
Republican administration. In the past,
such situations have not usually led to
national progress, especially in the field
of agricultural interests. We hope his-
tory will not repeat. Therefore, I believe
it is of interest to each citizen farmer to
keep in mind the platform of each of the
two major political parties, as well as
Farm Bureau policy, as we proceed
through the next four years.
Following are the statements on agri-
culture which were incorporated into the
platforms of the two major parties at
their conventions last August:

The Republican Pledge
1. Farm policies and programs which
will enable producers to receive fair
prices in relation to the prices they must
pay for other products;
2. Sympathetic consideration of pro-
posals to encourage farmers, especially
small producers, to develop their bargain-
ing position;
3. Sound economic policies which will


brake inflation and reduce the high in-
terest rates;
4. A truly two-way export-import pol-
icy which protects American agriculture
from unfair foreign competition while
increasing our overseas commodity dollar
sales to the rapidly expanding world pop-
ulation;
5. Reorganization of the management
of the Commodity Credit Corporation's
inventory operations so that the Corpora-
tion will no longer compete with the mar-
ketings of farmers.
6. Improved programs for distribution
of food and milk to schools and low-in-
come citizens.
7. A strengthened program to export
our food and farm technology in keeping
with the Republican-initiated Food 'for
Peace program;
8. Assistance to farm cooperatives in-
cluding rural electric and telephone co-
operatives, consistent with prudent devel-
opment of our nation's resources and
rural needs.
9. Greater emphasis on research for in-
dustrial uses of agricultural products,
new markets and new methods for cost-
cutting in production and marketing
techniques.

The Democratic Pledge
1. Positive action to raise farm income
to full parity level in order to preserve
the efficient, fulltime family farm;
2. An active search for and develop-
ment of foreign commercial markets, since
international trade in agricultural prod-
ucts is a major favorable factor in the
nation's balance of payments;
3. Expansion of our food assistance
programs to America's poor and our Food
for Peace program to help feed the
world's hungry;
4 Establishment of a Strategic Food
and Feed Reserve Plan whereby essen-
tial commodities such as wheat, corn and
other feed grains, soybeans, storable
meat and other products will be stock-
piled as a safeguard against crop failures,
to assist our nation and other nations in
time of famine or disaster, and to ensure
adequate supplies for export markets, as
well as to protect our own farm indus-
try. This reserve should be insulated
from the market;
5. Support of the right of farmers to
bargain collectively in the market place
on a commodity-by-commodity basis;


Florida Farm Bureau
Federation

4350 SW 13th St., Gainesville

OFFICERS
PRESIDENT
Arthur E. (Art) Karst, Vero Beach, Florida
2311 Victory Bldv. Ph. 305-562-5681
VICE PRESIDENT
Walter J. Kautz, Canal Point, Florida
P. O. Box 132. Ph. 305-924-7794
TREASURER
Forrest Davis, Jr., Quincy, Florida
Route 3, Box 225 A. Ph. 904-627-3356
SECRETARY
Robert L. Clark, Jr., Ft. Lauderdale, Fla.
1575 Ponce de Leon Drive. Ph. 305-523-6848
EXECUTIVE VICE PRESIDENT
T. K. McClane, Jr., Gainesville, Florida
4350 SW 13th St., Ph. 904-372-0401
DIRECTORS
Wayne Boyette, Lake City
J. J. Brialmont, Bell, Florida
Robert L. Clark, Jr., Ft. Lauderdale, Fla.
Wilford Croft, Lulu, Florida
Mrs. Marvin Crutchfield, Panama City, Fla.
Forrest Davis, Jr., Quincy, Florida
Richard E. Finlay, Jay, Florida
E. H. Finlayson, Greenville, Florida
Mrs. J. A. Frazier, Williston, Florida
G. T. Hawkins, Ft. Myers, Florida
Arlen Jumper, Werrsdale, Florida
Arthur E. Karst, Vero Beach, Florida
Marvin Kahn, Sebring, Florida
Walter J. Kautz, Canal Point, Florida
L. L. Lanier, Wewahitchka, Florida
J. A. Miles, Jr., Plant City, Florida
Wayne Mixson Marianna. Florida
E. C. Rowell, Wildwood, Florida
John Talton, Apopka, Florida
Walter Welkener, Jacksonville, Fla.
Earl W. Ziebarth, Pierson, Florida


6. Continued support and encourage-
ment of agricultural cooperatives by ex-
panded and liberal credit, and protection
of farmers from punitive taxation;
7. Support of private or public credit
on reasonable terms to young farmers to
enable them to purchase farms on long-
term, low-interest loans;
8. Support of the present federal crop
insurance program.
9. Continued support of programs to
assure financing to meet the growing
generating and distributing power needs
of rural areas; continued support of the
rural telephone program;
10. Support of a thorough study of
the effect of unlimited payments to
farmers.
11. A positive approach to the public
interest in the issue of health and tobacco
at all levels of the tobacco economy. Rec-
ommended is a cooperative effort in
health and tobacco growth, curing, stor-
age and manufacturing techniques, as
well as specific medical aspects of tobacco
smoke constituents.
It will be extremely interesting to
watch the progress of needed legislation
according to the platforms and according
to Farm Bureau recommendations.

Florida Agriculture, February, 1969





City vs. Country


WHY IT'S GOOD TO
BE IN RURAL AREA

City More Dangerous Than Jungle
A quarter of a century ago-so I
tell college and school audiences as I
lecture the length and breadth of this
land-any able-bodied man could walk
nearly anywhere in any American city,
in the wee hours, and pass scot-free.
My auditors usually are surprised:
they have grown up in a time of ac-
celerating urban violence. What a
glimpse into the state of American or-
der nowadays! Candidly, members of
the U.S. House mentioned that the
District of Columbia is a place far
more dangerous than are the wild re-
cesses of 'feudal' Ethiopia, in remotest
Africa. The casual stroller is safer in
Kabul or Timbuctu or Ispahan than he
is in the capital of these United
States, land of the free, home of the
brave. The American countryside re-
mains tranquil enough, true. Here in
Mecosta County, Michigan, where 1
have my stamping ground, the public
prosecutor informs me that during the
past 85 years no occupied house ever
has been entered unlawfully, except
for a few inebriates who wandered
into other folks' houses by mistake.
There are reasons for this security:
first, our population being scanty,
probably robbers' faces would be rec-
ognized; second, practically every
household has arms, and men who
know how to use them".-Russell Kirk,
in one of his recent syndicated news-
paper columns.

Shotgun Riders on City Buses
"Pioneers in the early days of the
West learned from the harsh facts of
life that the way to stop stagecoach
holdups was to have someone riding
shot gun. It comes as somewhat of a
shock to learn that in our highly
civilized society the City of Miami has
come to a similar conclusion. Armed
security police are now being hired by
the Miami Transit Authority to ride
its buses throughout the metropolitan
area. A similar plan has been in e'fect
in St. Louis, Mo. where robberies were
getting out of hand on the city's fleet
of 900 buses. This kind of crime has
now been virtually eliminated since
armed guards were installed on buses".
-Orlando Sentinel

Playing up to Big Groups
"Another and more pertinent ob-
jection to this custom (electoral col-
lege) is that it forces a candidate to
play up to pivotal groups in the big
cities, like organized labor and the
poor, who are easily accessible and
whose votes may tilt the state in his
favor".-Chicago Tribune

Florida Agriculture, February, 1969 19


Two billion

dollars plus in

guaranteed futures.

SFB Life Insurance Company, a part of
your Farm Bureau organization, is very proud
to announce that it now has in effect $2,000;
000.000 plus in life insurance coverage.
This $2,000,000.000 plus guarantees many
thousands of farm families a happy, secure,
and more rewarding future because they took
the time to prepare.
You too can have the satisfaction of know-
ing that the future is secure for you and your
family no matter what lies ahead.
Call your SFB man, and let him show you
how life insurance-annuity plans can guarantee
money for your retirement, for your children's
education, living expenses in case you become
disabled, or for the continuation of your
family's way of life in the event of your death.
At SFB we are very proud of the part we
play in guaranteeing the futures of thousands
of farm families.
SFB. now $2,000,000.000 plus in guaran-
teed futures, and growing still.

____ "BThe company
no Ethat cares"

SOUTHERN FARM BUREAU
Lite Insurance Company
BOX 78/JACKSON, MISSISSIPPI 39205



























IS DEFENSIVE DRIVING TIME!


See your Farm Bureau Agent today!


P utheht FARM BUREAU
CASUALTY INSURANCE COMPANY
Home Office Branch Office
P. 0. Box 78, Jackson, Mississippi 4350 SW 13th St., Gainesville, Fla.




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