Title: Florida agriculture
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075932/00015
 Material Information
Title: Florida agriculture
Physical Description: v. : illus. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Farm Bureau Federation
Publisher: Florida Farm Bureau Federation.
Place of Publication: Gainesville etc
Frequency: monthly (except june, july and aug.)[19]
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 9- 1950-
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075932
Volume ID: VID00015
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01375465
lccn - sn 78001276
issn - 0015-3869
 Related Items
Preceded by: Bulleltin

Full Text

H AY 1J 19 L
SMAY 16 1968


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of interest to farmers.


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When you use Standard's RPM Motor Oils, you're getting all theANDA D
benefits of 80 years' experience in farm fuels and lubricants. STN
Benefits like increased gasoline mileage, improved engine perform- OIL
once, longer engine life-everything you should be getting in a modern
motor oil. For the best service and the finest lubricants anywhere,
call the man from Standard. We take better care of your equipment. -


Vol. 27, No. 4, April, 1968
Established 1943. Published monthly except
June. July and August. Publication date 10th
of current month. Owned by Florida Farm
Bureau Federation. 4350 SW 13th St., Gaines-
ville, Florida 32601. President. Arthur E.
Karst, Vero Beach; Vice President. Walter
Kautz, Canal Point; Secretary, Bob Clark,
Jr., Ft. Lauderdale; Treasurer, Forrest Davis,
Jr., Quincy, and Executive Vice President. T.
K. McClane, Jr., Gainesville. Printed by Cody
Publications. Second Class Postage Paid at
Kissimmee, Florida. Notice of change of ad-
dress should be sent to 4350 SW 13th St.,
Gainesville, Fla., Zip Code 32601. Send
all copy to P. 0. Box 7605, Orlando,
Fla. Zip Code 32804. Phone 1-305-423-4163.
Editor. Hugh Waters; assistant. Martha Zeh-
ner; office Mgr., Ruth Sloan. Subsc. $5 year.
Send changes of address to 4350 SW 13th
St., Gainesville. Fla. 32601.


WFGA Television-Jacksonville, Chan-
nel 12, the Tuesday following the
first Friday of every month, 6:45
a.m.-"Hi Neighbor Program".

WFTV Television-Orlando, Channel
9, the third Sunday of every month,
12:30 p.m.-"Florida Agri World".
Bill Lavinghousez, host.

News and views about Florida
Farm Bureau Federation can be seen
and heard once each month on the
above stations. Tune in if you pos-
sibly can.

Apr. 9-11. West Fla. Fat Cattle Show and Sale.
Apr. 9. FFBF board of directors, quarterly an-
nual meet, Gainesville.
Apr. 11-15. Levy County Fair. Williston.
Apr. 13. Fla. Angus Jubilee Sale. Ocala.
Apr. 17. Annual Purdue Egg Day, Purdue Uni.,
Lafayette, Ind.
Apr. 17-19. Poultry and Egg National Board,
28th annual meeting, Pick-Congress Hotel, Chi-
Apr. 19. Feeder Pig Sale. Live Oak
Apr. 20. Second annual FFA Rodeo, SE Live-
stock Pavilion, Ocala.
Apr. 20-26. Nat. 4-H Conference. Washington,
Apr. 21-23. United Fresh Fruit & Veg. Ass'n an-
nual Merchandising Conf. Monterey, Calif.
Apr. 22-24. Animal Health Inst., annual meet.
Riviera Hotel, Las Vegas.
April 24. First annual picnic and barbecue. Ever-
glades Farm Bureau. Belle Glade Marina. (Also
see page 17.)
Apr. 24-26. Annual Fla. Turf-Grass Trade Show.
Apr. 25. Spring meeting, American Tung Oil
Ass'n, Parliament Inn, Panama City.
Apr. 27. Vo-Ag career day, University of Fla.,
Apr. 29. Mid-Fla. Rabbit Breeders Ass'n, Ocala.
Apr. 29-May 3. Annual AFBF Inst. Univ. of
Oklahoma, Oklahoma City.
Apr. 30-May 3. Annual Festival of Fla. Foods,
May 2-4. Beef Cattle short course, Gainesville.
May 4-5. Fla. Horse Jamboree, Kissimmee.
May 4-12. Cotton Carnival, Memphis, Tenn.
May 19-26. Soil Stewardship Week.
June 9-12. Nat. Plant Food Inst., The Green-
briar, White Sulphur Springs, W. Va.
June 10-21. Workshop in nutrition education for
school food service directors. Univ. of Georgia.
June 11-13. Annual convention, Fla. Dairy Prod-
ucts Ass'n, Jacksonville.
June 11-13. AFBF quarter-annual board of direc-
tors meeting, Chicago.
June 13-15. National Cooking contest, 21st annual.
Onancock, Va.
June 23-25. Eastern Fed. of Feed Merchants, 50th
convention, Atlantic City.
June 25-27. Annual Fla. Poultry Inst. Gaines-
The following all-expense escorted tours depart on
dates given:
Apr. 25. Tour of Eastern Europe and USSR. 21
May 8. Tour to Hawaii, 18 days.
May 15. Special 28 day tour of National Parks.
See page 13.
May 21. Tour to Scandinavia, 30 days.
June 1 & 3. Tour to Alaska. 16 days.
July 7-Aug. 10. Tour to England via Canada.
Sept. 25 & Oct. 3. Fall Foliage tour of New
Oct. 4. Tour of Central & South America.
Oct. 16 & Nov. 18. Tour of the Orient.
Oct. 17. Tour of Australia and New Zealand.
All details (even tips) handled by experienced,
qualified people. Go alone, as a couple or take
non-Farm Bureau friends along. For free brochure
& information write Hugh C. Waters, Farm Bureau
Tours, P.O. Box 7605, Orlando, Fla. 32804.


The May edition of Florida Agricul-
ture will include a feature story concern-
ing a subject of vital interest to every
man, woman and child-especially if they
live on farms. The subject is odorless,
colorless and tasteless in its pure form.
Alert readers will have guessed the title
by now, "Water".-Editor.

Florida Agriculture, April, 1968


By T. K. McClane, Jr., Executive Vice President, FFBF

"... the urgent need for all of
us to become students of govern-
ment and active in the party
and for the candidate of your

As so often happens when you try to
recognize folks who have helped, we
failed, in our last month's column, to
thank one of our best friends and sup-
porters Senator Bill Gunter. As we
have reported to you so many times be-
fore, Bill has always been a staunch
friend of agriculture and especially so
from the day he took the oath of office
as a state senator-in each regular ses-
sion, as well as each special session. No
legislator has worked harder for agricul-
ture or been more effective than Bill
Gunter. He was most helpful in working
with Senator Thomas on the IFAS ap-
propriation, and he was a major factor
in other successes during this special ses-
sion. The only explanation I can give for
overlooking him is that he is so much
a part of agriculture that we look upon
him as a member of the Farm Bureau
family. Our apologies to Bill, and we
hope you Orange and Seminole Coun-
tians will forgive us.
We've all known that even numbered
years were politically important, especial-
ly if they were divisible by four, meaning
that it is an election year of major
significance. However, I've been ap-
palled at the number of Farm Bureau
friends in public office who have decided
against becoming a candidate in the up-
coming elections. This is true from Sena-
tor Smathers, and Congressman Herlong
right on down to local officials, and of
special concern is the situation in the
state legislature. It points up the urgent
need for all of us to become students of
government and active in the party and
for the candidate of your choice. In fu-
ture years it will probably be necessary
for us to develop candidates for some
offices. It will be too late to do this
when this is printed.
We must have friends in high govern-
ment circles on every level if we hope
to find a kind and sympathetic ear for
our viewpoint. I would strongly urge, as
President Karst did in each of our re-
cent district meetings, that each of you
select the candidate for each office who
most nearly represents your philosophy,
cultivate his friendship, and support him
with time, money and energy, if need be,
to help assure his election to office. Farm
Bureau, as an organization, cannot sup-
port or endorse candidates, but each of
us can and should be active as individuals
or in concert with other individual mem-

Florida Agriculture, April, 1968

This year one of our U.S. senators, all
of our congressmen and all of our county
officials, including some of the county
commissioners and school board mem-
bers, are up for election; not to mention
President and Vice President of the
United States. In checking qualifying
reports from the Secretary of State, I
find numerous county officials, county
commissioners, school board members, as
well as a number of influential state sena-
tors and representatives who have de-
clined to seek re-election to office.
In other instances, some of our friends
in the legislature and in county official
positions have drawn formidable opposi-
tion. It's urgently necessary that each
of us determine which of these people
have been our friends and to support
them in their bid for re-election. If they
have not been friendly and a newcomer
is better qualified and more nearly rep-
resents your thinking, this is the one who
should receive our help. Candidates for
office deal in generalities and platitudes,
particularly when they are making a
public utterance, so it takes a certain
amount of real activity to discover wheth-
er a candidate's true philosophy is the
same as that which he espouses. The
best proof of what a candidate stands for
is his public record, particularly if he is,
a candidate for re-election. Did he real-
ly support Farm Bureau's position gen-
erally, or did he find some way to duck
around the issues? It is not always pos-
sible to tell from speeches and advertise-
ments exactly what a candidate has done,
or will do if elected or re-elected.
On specific issues as far as candidates
for the legislature or congress are con-

cerned, we may be able to help you hpre
in this office. We can run down the
voting record on almost any given issue
if you desire information in this regard.
We cannot, however, compile a record of
all the votes for each candidate because
this would be an impossible task to re-
search the legislative journals on every
matter brought before the legislature. We
have given you some recorded votes on
major issues, but in most cases, we have
not done this because of the possibility
of giving the wrong impression where
the legislation has been changed some-
what, or where the key vote was not on
final passage, but on some previous ac-
tion. For your county officials, you will
have to determine at home the record
of your candidate from his performance
which you have observed or which has
been recorded in your newspaper.
Our tremendous success in the legisla-
ture over the past two decades has been
due to the fact that your legislators were
friends of the folks in the county Farm
Bureau who had worked for his election
and who were able to adequately inform
your legislators of our problems. If we
ever lose this close liaison and rapport
which you folks in the county have for
your elected lawmakers, we will have
lost the most effective influence we have
with the legislature. It's never been more
important that we have understanding
elected officials and it will never be any
less important in the future. it behooves
each of us to make certain that our of-
ficials are people who we know and can
trust to perform their official duties to
the best of their ability.

"Push Button" | ]

Cattle Feeding

Electric automatic feeding
equipment cuts time and costs. -- '
Can regulate the amount of -
feed, or shut off completely -/
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bunk. Easy to install "'
in existing barns.
See your equipment dealer or contact us.



Rural Humor: The breeder of cham-
pion purebred dogs was visiting a poul-
try farm for the first time. "These incu-
bators are marvelous," the poultry man
explained. "They make it possible to
hatch out as many as 200 or 300 new
baby chicks each week." "Holy smoke!"
the dog raiser exclaimed. "How do you
find names for all of them?"-V. F. W.

A cow on the highway outside of Pueb-
lo, Colo., last month caused a driver to
swerve and land in the ditch. An am-
bulance called to the scene hit another

Black Angus cattle can be red. That's
what the Canadian Aberdeen Angus
Ass'n decided recently. A report from
that group's meeting said that the re-
cessive gene which occasionally causes
a red calf to be born to black parents does
not affect the quality of the meat.

A horse care and management course,
offered by a St. Louis college has brought
inquiries from "Maine to Mexico and
from California to Florida", according to
a recent news item. The course is a busi-
ness management one. The college as-
sistant dean says that "the horse breed-
ing, selling and training business ap-
proaches several million dollars each year
and affects the livelihood of hundreds
of thousands of people". for more on this
write Editor, FA, 4350 SW 13th St.,
Gainesville, Fla.

Florida's foods from the sea industry
has a top-ranked position for the entire
world. Recently it was announced that
one shrimp packing plant in Tampa is
the largest in the world. It can procc.ss
150,000 pounds of shrimp products dadiy,
90,000 gallons of oysters and other sea

Poultry today grow faster and eat less
food to obtain the same weight their
cousins reached back in 1933. Research-
ers in Minnesota say it took 14 weeks and
18 pounds of feed to produce a 3.5 pound
frying chicken in '33. Today it takes
only 8 weeks and 7.5 pounds of feed.

Identification Contest Report: Readers
from throughout Florida suggested names
for the mystery hunter, whose picture
appeared in last month's issue. Identifi-
cations included Jim Bowie, David
Crocket and a host of other American
Oviedo's Dawson Brett Thompson cor-
rectly identified the picture as that of
Theodore Roosevelt and penned the fol-
lowing capsule description: "26th presi-
dent of the U.S. He was a great man,
and a fine example of energy, strength
and determination".
Others who correctly identified the pic-

"We'll soon be out of the red the store
where we buy our red ink has
cut off our credit."
ture include:
Haines City's L. D. Watts who wrote:
"Your hunter is Theodore Roosevelt. His
wife was of the same family tree as mine,
the Tylers".
Orlando's W. D. Randall, who wrote:
"Your subject is surely the famous
hunter, Teddy Roosevelt, during his
younger days. We have made many
Bowie Knives similar to the one he is
Defuniak Springs' R. A. Miller wrote:
"I guess the man to be Theodore Roose-
velt from memory of him. My memory
goes back to reading the history of his
hunts in Africa".
Also Ft. Lauderdale's Mrs. Charles F.
Chaplin; Mt. Dora's D. D. Roseborough;
Winter Park's D. Clarence McConnell;
Mayo's Leslie Ann Lloyd; Jacksonville's
Walter Peterson; Jay's Mrs. Coleman G.
Wade; Gainesville's Gene Valente and
Lew Haveard; Quincy's R. L. Bethea, Sr.,
Avon Park's Wm. F. Ward; and Or-
lando's Carl M. Holden.
(Editor's note: President Theodore
Roosevelt was the son of Mr. and Mrs.

Last month's mystery frontiersman is
Teddy Roosevelt. See accompanying

Theodore Roosevelt of Roswell, Ga., near
Atlanta. His parents were married in
Bulloch Hall, a white columned home of
Roswell, in 1853. His mother's maiden
name was Mittie Bullock. Another son,
Elliott was the father of Eleanor Roose-
velt, wife of President Franklin Roosevelt.
From the book "White Columns in

Late correct identifications of the pic-
ture which appeared in the February is-
sue include: Alachua's Paul B. Emery
who wrote. "When I was a youngster in
Indiana any boy could identify your pic-
ture of Wm. Cody, as Buffalo Bill. We
used to see his circus and got quite a
kick out of seeing him give his horse a
drink out of his hat"; St. Petersburg's S.
John Folks, Jr., who wrote: "I've had
that saddle in my hands. You will find
both the picture, saddle and rifle on ex-
hibit at the Cody, Wyo. museum. Many
of his pictures were taken with a white
Arabian type horse"; Avon Park's Wil-
liam F. Ward wrote: "The photo of Buf-
falo Bill was quickly recognized as I saw
him on numerous occasions at various

"Most men are like eggs, too full of
themselves to hold anything else".-
Jose Billings, 1818-85.

towns in Oklahoma during the years 1908
to 1911. His exhibitions always drew
good crowds and his shooting was marve-
lous. He seldom missed a target or 'clay
pigeon' thrown into the air. Unless a per-
son witnessed those feats he could hardly
believe them if related by anyone else".
(Pictures of Teddy Roosevelt and Buf-
falo Bill courtesy Winchester Repeating
Arms Company.-Editor)

Farmers today, on the average, pay less
per kilowatt hour for electricity than they
did in 1950. That's what Charles B.
Shuman, Chicago, AFBF president said
in an address before an electrical sales
conference last month. He also said that
the annual national average for farm use
of electricity has climbed from 2,052
Kilowatt hours in 1947 to 9,300 in 1967.

Farm Bureau's Paul E. Edwards, ex-
ecutive vice president, Southern Farm
Bureau Casualty Insurance Company, is
vice chairman of the National Associa-
tion of Independent Insurors. His pic-
ture along with other ranking officers of
the association appears in a new booklet
just released. The Chicago based organi-
zation includes among its membership
some 400 of the nation's leading insurance
companies. (For a copy of the booklet
write: Roger Dove, Vice President, NAII,
30 West Monroe St., Chicago, Ill. 60603).

Florida Agriculture, April, 1968

"Mr. Hippie", International grand
champion barrow of 1967 was purchased
by the Chicago Mercantile Exchange.
Karl Heimke, Chicago, vice president of
the CME is pictured with "Mr. Hippie"
shortly after the purchase. (See page 8
for details of FFBF's commodity activi-

Florida Represented at
London Produce Exhibit
A major American fresh fruit and vege-
table exhibition was held last month at
the U.S. trade center in London, Eng-
land. Growers from Florida, Arizona,
California and Texas were represented.
Produce was air-shipped to England.
During the first three days of the ex-
hibition buyers representing major pro-
duce houses from throughought the U. K.,
Germany and France attended. First
order sold consisted of a mixed shipment
of sweet corn, chinese cabbage, bibb let-
tuce and Kinnows. Other items from
the U. S. included: asparagus, celery,
celery hearts, red and white radishes,
iceberg, bibb and romaine lettuce, chinese
cabbage, onions, garlic, grapefruit, or-
anges, limes, avocadoes, tangeloes and
sweet corn.
The following growers and associations
from Florida were represented: Chase &
Company, Sanford; A. Duda & Sons, Inc.,
Oviedo; Florida Fresh Produce Ex-
change, Orlando; Florida Citrus Ex-
change, Tampa; Gressinger & Sons, Belle
Glade; Seald-Sweet Sales, Inc., Tampa;
and South Bay Growers, South Bay.

Department of Agriculture
Gives Rules for Milk Imports
Milk produced in other states and of-
fered for sale in Florida must be shipped
into the state during daylight hours of
the normal Monday through Friday work
week. The regulation was put into force
last month by the Florida Department
of Agriculture "so that milk can be in-
spected before being packaged".

What is Curasoil?
With the sandy soil of Florida, a simple fertilizer
just isn't enough. In view of this, we've just developed a
fertilizer and soil conditioner combination. Each makes
the other work harder, and together they can improve
your soil more than you may ever have thought possible.
What does our soil conditioner do?
You know what a fertilizer is and does, but you may
not know much about our soil conditioner elements. In
simplest terms, they help restore the balance of nature
to your soil. Our soil conditioner is a manufactured com-
post that's sterilized and pasteurized-pure and free of
nematodes and weed seeds. It creates the kind of soil
conditions that let the fertilizer work most efficiently.
What are the special benefits of such a combination?
And now, what are the benefits of a combination
soil conditioner and fertilizer? First, it stays in the root

zone longer. The combination of elements complement
each other and don't leach out as fast. This gives both
seed and transplants a much better chance to root. And
since each element, the fertilizer and the soil conditioner,
reinforces the other, they stretch a lot farther. In some
cases, one application may even suffice where two were
previously needed.
Can you get a special formula?
Curasoil does not just come in one pre-mixed for-
mula. We can supply you with a mix that will be just
what you need for whatever particular soil conditions
you may have. In the rare case where none of our blends
is right, we'll prepare a mix for your exact conditions.
How to get Curasoil:
When you've decided to try Curasoil, contact your
local spreader. If he is not available, make a collect call
to Art Mohler in St. Petersburg at (813) 867-2161.


(See story on page 14 this issue. Surprising details
about one of the oldest known foods).
There's nothing old about the
bread pictured here. It's a brand
new recipe for baking without
yeast, and in 1/3 less time.
The method is unique but simple.
The easy to follow directions mean
that anyone can enjoy the fun of
making crusty bread. For the free
recipe and directions write Editor,
FA, 4350 SW 13th St., Gainesville,

Florida Agriculture, April, 1968


a cmiato


org~ s



By Al Alsobrook, director
FFBF Department of Information

Spring district meetings in Belle
Glade. Brandon. Tavares. Gaines-
ville, Tallahassee and DeFuniak
Springs attracted representatives
from many of Florida's 64 county
Farm Bureau organizations.
State and national legislation, in-
ternal Farm Bureau programs, mar-
keting, and the 1968 women's pro-
gram of work were among the sub-
jects discussed at each meeting.
During the state legislative dis-
cussion the activities of the past
special session were reviewed. The

Pictures, top to bottom: No. 1-Host
for the Belle Glade meeting was the
Everglades Farm Bureau. Their delega-
tion is pictured. From left to right seated
are: Mrs. Edna Stokes, Mrs. Ann Sides
and Mrs. Floyd Erickson. Back row,
I to r: Robert Stokes, a director of Ever-
glades FB; George Milicevic, fieldman;
Walter Kautz, FFBF vice president;
Arthur E. Karst, FFBF president; and
Floyd Erickson. president, Everglades
No. 2-The Dade County delegation
was well represented with standing L to
R: J. R. Gossman, Joanne Cooper, Jer-
ry Underwood and R. R. Kinard. Seated:
Paul Richard and Mrs. L. L. Cannington.
No. 3-The Hendry County FB was
represented by six members. They are
L to R, seated: George Stetson, a director
of that FB; Henry Andreis, president
and Mrs. Frankye Thomas, office secre-
tary. Back row, L to R: Gene Click, agent
for Henry County; Earl Miller, a director
and Radford Dunaway, also a director.
No. 4-The Broward County delega-
tion attended the district meeting in
Belle Glade. They are from L to R, front
row: Mrs. Neal Vinkemulder, mother of
Broward FB President, Neal Vinke-
mulder; Mr. Vinkemulder; Mrs. Betty
Cheshire; and Mrs. Betty Lyda, Broward
Secretary. Standing: George Milicevic,
district fieldman and Arthur E. Karst,
FFBF president.
No. 5-Standing beneath the sign des-
ignating the Holiday Inn meeting place
for the district meeting in Belle Glade
are L to R: Vance Storter, president,
Glades FB; George Milicevic, FFBF
fieldman; Lonnie Curry, president, Col-
lier FB; and George Cappe, Farm
Bureau Safety Director.

new inventory tax law and its affects
on agriculture: legislative action con-
cerning the continuance of the feed,
seed and fertilizer exemption; Farm
Bureau's efforts toward the passage
of the $2.94 million appropriation to
the Institute of Food and Agricul-
tural Sciences at the University
were among the topics discussed.
President Karst pointed out at
each meeting that it was time for
Farm Bureau members-as individ-
uals-to take more of an interest in
"It's understandable that Farm
Bureau as an organization cannot
and should not endorse candidates,"
he said.
"However, it is important that
each of us know those candidates
running for all public offices and
actively support the candidate of
our choice," Karst advised.
Executive Vice President T. K.
McClane discussed national legisla-
tion at each meeting and particu-
larly three important pieces of legis-

FFBF's Commodity Director, Kent
Doke, also gave a report to the dis-
trict meetings. See page 8 for more on

lation now pending. He told all the
groups of House Bill HR 13541, the
House version of Senate Bill 109,
which is designed to assist in the
development of voluntary agricul-
tural marketing programs. The bill
prohibits unfair practices against
producers solely because of their
membership in marketing associa-
tions. The bill would also make it
unlawful for processors, canners,
freezers, integrators, and other han-
dlers to threaten to interfere with or
to restrain by boycott or coercion
the exercise of the farmers' right to
join and belong to an association of

Florida Agriculture, April, 1968

McClane also urged county lead-
ers to write their Congressmen about
a bill which would put farm labor
under the National Labor Rela-
tions Board. Ho also pointed out
Farm Bureau's policy against an in-
crease in taxes unless there is a cut
in domestic spending.

For more on District Meetings
see pages 3, 12 and 18.

Mrs. M. T. Crutchfield, state
women director, attended all of the
meetings and discussed the women's
program for 1968. She listed many
projects in which women could par-
ticipate and urged the women of
Farm Bureau to become more active
in all areas during the year.
Commodity Director Kent Doke
explained the basics of a livestock
survey now underway in Florida.
The survey, he pointed out, is being

Top pictures, Left to Right: President Arthur E. Karst presided over all of the
district meetings. He is shown here at the DeFuniak Springs meeting. FFBF Di-
rector of Organization Jim Turnbull is seen seated. (See Field Services report on
page 12 for more on the district meetings). Middle picture shows Mrs. M. T. Crutch-
field, chairman FFBF Women's Activities explaining the women's program "Partici-
pate in 68" as the theme for her group's current year's work program. (See Women's
section on page 14). Top right picture Gadsden County delegation which attended
the Tallahassee meeting, included left to right: Representative Bill Inman, Quincy;
Byron Suber, Quincy and Malcolm Smith, president, Gadsden FB.

conducted to determine the ways in
which livestock is presently mar-
keted in Florida and throughout the
United States. Purpose of the sur-
vey, he explained, is to obtain back-
ground information about livestock
marketing so that a determination
can be made as to whether or not
new marketing and commodity pro-
grams should be considered. (More
on this appears on page 8.)
Field Services Director Jim Turn-
bull reported on the status on mem-
bership in Farm Bureau. During the
week-long district meeting schedule,
it was pointed out that FFBF mem-
bership was approaching another all-

Pictures at left, top to bottom: The
women of Farm Bureau were well repre-
sented at all of the district meetings.
Shown here are those attending the Tal-
lahassee meeting. L to R: Mrs. M. T.
Crutchfield, FFBF Women's Chairman;
Miss Elise Laffitte, Jefferson County;
Mrs. J. N. Hawkins, Jefferson and Mrs.
P. S. Hawkins, women's chairman, also
of Jefferson County. The lower picture:
The Lee County delegation is shown dur-
ing a break in activities during the dis-
trict meeting in Belle Glade. L to R:
John Morroni, a director of the Lee FB;
Fred Durre, also a director and Arthur
Kelley, Lee's president.

Pictures at right, top to bottom: Part
of the group attending the meeting in
Gainesville are shown in the conference
room, at the FFBF's state headquarters
building. Lower picture shows part of the
group which attended the district meet-
ing held in Belle Glade. (All photos by
FFBF Department of Information).

Florida Agriculture, April, 1968 7

time high. Since the meetings were
concluded, membership reports show
that membership has exceeded last
year's membership by more than

(Editor's note: on page 18 FFBF Presi-
dent Arthur E. Karst in commenting
upon the district meetings described
above said: "I believe many of us under-
stand better the complex organizational
structure of Farm Bureau from the in-
dividual member thru the county unit,
the state and then to the AFBF. The re-
sponsibilities assigned at various levels,
along with the authority delegated were
reviewed. The importance and necessity
of operating according to by-laws and
contractual arrangements were thorough-
lv outlined. I'm sure we'll have an even
better, smoother working organization.")

At first glance, people might think
Farm Bureau has only recently entered
the marketing field. But, history tells us
that Farm Bureau was formed back in
1919 because of marketing. Farm Bureau
actually was created to bring about unity
among many different commodity inter-
ests. Farmers felt that one large general
agricultural organization would be strong-
er and could better represent different
commodity interests. Over the years, this
theory has been proven true.
Marketing is receiving a great deal of
attention today. Practically every farm
oriented publication contains an article
about marketing. AFBF's president,
Charles Shuman, has declared marketing
the number one project for 1968.
What is Florida Farm Bureau doing in
the Commodity area? Here is a brief
review of FFBF's commodity activity.
In Florida we have a series of com-
modity committees that broadly repre-
sents each of the commodities produced
in our state. It is the responsibility of
each of these committees to keep itself
informed on the happenings, the problems
and the general atmosphere in particular
commodity areas. It should be pointed
out that these committees are advisory
and only after a committee makes a
recommendation to the state board is
action taken.
Farm Bureau members should familiar-
ize themselves with the problems affect-
ing their commodity interests and with
the people representing the member on a
state commodity committee. The coplmit-
tees and the staff can better serve by
knowing the facts.
Much time and effort has been devoted

Man from Roswell: "Big flood we
had last night." Hondo rancher:
"Yep." City man: "Do much damage
to your big barn?" Rancher: "Don't
know". City man: "How come you
don't know?" Rancher: "Can't find
it."-New Mexico Electric News.

to the FFBF Broiler
During the first y
about 20% of the br
state participated ii
have visited all the
tractors in the state
and pleased by the
so far in the broiler
kept the growers inf(
ings in the industry
in the marketing of
ings have been held
of the Packers and
tration and we ar
Bureau has drawn a
of Florida's broiler g
During 1967 broi
lowest in the history
very few contracts w
and in many cases,
to growers.
A good start has
Broiler Marketing I
ture seems indeed br
Resolution No. 7
state convention in
the staff to pursue ft
marketing of citrus
main areas of intere
out ways to increase
in the public school
have been held with
Florida Refreshmen
meeting scheduled M
have met with FFBI
to hear an up to
amount of orange
through our public s
present time Vann i
110,000 gallons of
trate will move throu
during the present
year. Most of thi
place in the Hillsb
and Orange county
investigation reveals
for continued mark
public school area.
Working with the
tural Marketing Ass
cently completed a
Florida on livestock

This picture was taken at one of the recent FFBF district
meetings, described on pages 6 & 7. It shows the Commodity
Director explaining some of the marketing plans described in
the following article. (FFBF Information Dept. photo).



By Kent Doke, FFBF Commodity Director

Marketing Program. the feasibility study meetings were held
ear of the program with producers of hogs and cattle and
oiler producers in the discussions took place with packers, Uni-
n the program. We versity of Florida and Experiment Sta-
major broiler con- tion personnel and buyers representing
and are encouraged one of the large retail chains.
advancements made As a follow up to the study, we are
r industry. We have now conducting a study of livestock pro-
ormed of the happen- ducers. FFBF fieldmen, working through
and aroused interest county Farm Bureau boards, plan to con-
his product. Meet- tact 10% of the Florida producers. This
with representatives survey is designed to give us up to date
Stockyards Adminis- information on just how livestock is being
e proud that Farm marketed in Florida today. It will give us
attention to the plight facts so that it can be determined whether
rowers. Florida producers think the present sys-
ler prices were the tem can be improved, modified or ex-
of the industry, but panded and if Florida producers would
rere actually lowered like to participate in a marketing service
increases were made if one were set up by Farm Bureau.
Many changes are taking place in our
been made in the present system of marketing. Through
program and the fu- our affiliation with AAMA and the sur-
ight. veys being conducted, we feel that Farm
Bureau is a better source of information
ARKETING concerning these changes than any other.
passed at the annual This is an important survey and it is
Hollywood instructed vital that you help us in obtaining good
further promotion and reliable information.
products. One of the
st here was to search PEACH MARKETING
use of citrus juices Many are surprised to find out that
Is. Several meetings the major peach production area may
Edwin L. Vann of very well extend into Florida in the very
t Centers and at a near future. A feasibility study, in co-
larch 21st, Vann will operation with AAMA, has been conduct-
F's Citrus Committee ed here in Florida. We have talked with
date report on the Experiment Station personnel and are
juice being moved presently doing a survey to determine
school system. At the what role Farm Bureau should play in
feels that more than peach marketing.
)range juice concen-
h +1h .-.,bl; shoolsa TOBACCO MARKETING

nine month school
s activity is taking
orough, Polk, Lake,
school systems. Our
there is much room
eting activity in the

e American Agricul-
ociation, we have re-
feasibility study in
Marketing. During

The North Carolina, South Carolina
and Virginia Grange organizations and
the North Carolina Association of Elected
Committeemen has asked the Secretary
of Agriculture to consider holding a refer-
endum on a flue-cured tobacco order. The
Secretary's staff recently completed six
hearings to determine how growers felt
about the proposed order. FFBF Com-
modity Department has tried to inform
tobacco growers of the possible detrimen-
tal effects the order would have on the
Florida tobacco marketing system. All

Florida Agriculture, April, 1968


Jim Turnbull, director, FFBF Dept. of Field Services

Congratulations are in order to county
Farm Bureau secretaries, county presi-
dents, county boards, service agents, staff
and to all of our Farm Bureau members
for helping us to achieve our quota, which
was set by AFBF, for the 27th conrecu-
tive year. As of this writing, we have ex-
ceeded last year's membership by 281
We also want to express our thanks to
the county secretaries for their coopera-
tion in transmitting these members up so
promptly. This could not have been
achieved without the cooperation of ev-
eryone associated with Farm Bureau.
Keep in mind that our membership year
extends until June 30 and, at the rate we
are going, we could show a gain in every
As most of you are aware, we have just
completed our Spring District Meetings.
The attendance was very good. I am -ure
everyone who attended felt they gained a
lot of valuable information during these
meetings. (See pictures elsewhere in this
At the monthly staff meeting held
March 19, plans were formulated with
the fieldmen to assist the county Farm
Bureaus in getting their legal folders up-
dated. The fieldmen will be contacting
the county presidents to get this accom-
plished. The Farm Records Program was
also discussed at this meeting. Each field-

man agreed to sign up five accounts for
this Service-to-Member Program.
Plans were discussed at the staff meet-
ing for the up-coming AFBF Institute to
be held in Norman, Oklahoma, on April
29-May 3. The entire field staff along
with myself and Charles Blair, FFBF Ad-
ministrative Assistant, are planning to at-
tend the Institute.
Your Field Services Director attended
the Southern Region Organization Con-
ference in Charleston, South Carolina,
March 26 and 27. I feel this Conference
was of considerable help to me as I had
the opportunity to discuss organizational
procedures with other Field Services Di-
rectors from the Southern Region. Mack
Guest and Warren Newberry, AFBF
Field Services Directors for the South-
ern Region, were the coordinators for this
Two Farm Bureaus, Collier and Mar-
tin, are in the process of enrolling in our
Blue Cross-Blue Shield Program. I feel
sure the program will be well received by
the members in these Farm Bureaus as
this program provides good coverage to-
gether with low rates.

St. Lucie FB showed off its new FB
fair display at the recent County Fair.
Ed Touchton, FFBF fieldman, reports
that "members were very impressed with
the new display."

Sarasota FB sponsored a food booth at
the fair held last month in that county.
Profits from the venture will go toward

Jackson FB's 1968 board of directors posed for this picture at a meeting in
Marianna earlier this season. The group includes: front I to r: H. U. Pittman, James
Calloway, President Davis Taylor; Mrs. M. T. Crutchfield, FFBF's Women's Chair-
man, who has since moved to Panama City; and Mrs. LaVerne Long, office secretary.
Standing, I to r: H. D. Hollister, W. W. Henley, Jr., Jeff Crawford, Jr., Raymond
Cartledge, Marvin Crutchfield (since moved to Panama City); Vice President Charles
Stephenson, L. E. McMullian, Jr., William A. Oliver, C. J. Johnson, and Wayne
Mixson, also a member of the FFBF's state board of directors. Absent were: Bill
Williams, Penn King, J. R. Thompson and Mrs. Sarah McMullian. (Photo courtesy:
Graceville News).

,i I


a :

helping the FB in its services program.
The new FB display was also presented
at the fair.

Lafayette FB's county office in Mayo
has recently been renovated. New floors,
wall paneling and office machines and
equipment were added. Here Edwina
Deas, office secretary, is seen at her desk
in the modern office. Dennis Emerson,
FFBF fieldman for the district says:
"Lafayette FB has continually grown
throughout the years and this new of-
fice space is indicative of the attitude of
its members to provide necessary facili-

Broward FB, at a special meeting
recently, voted to begin publishing a
monthly newsletter. Mrs. Betty Cheshire
is in charge of the publication. FFBF In-
formation Director Al Alsobrook attended
the meeting to answer questions and to
advise the group on setting up the new

FFBF's newest fieldman is Allen J.
Hobbs, formerly of Sebring. (See photo
top left, opposite page). He will represent
FFBF's northwest field district. A native
of Ashford, Ala., Allen joins the FFBF
following eight years as a member of the
Florida Highway Patrol. He is a gradu-
ate of Auburndale High School and is
married to the former Betty Sheffield
of Winter Haven. The couple have two
children, a boy and a girl. His territory
will include Bay, Calhoun, Escambia,
Gulf, Holmes, Jackson, Liberty, Oka-
loosa, Santa Rosa, Walton and Wash-
ington Counties.

DeSoto FB's women's committee is
sponsoring a first aid class which covers
a six week's period. A two hour class is
held each week. Co-sponsor is the Home
Demonstration Council. Participants will
receive first aid cards upon completion of
the course.

Everglades FB is holding its annual

of the state Farm Bureau organizations
in the flue-cured tobacco belt are opposed
to the marketing order. Particularly do
the Florida and Georgia type 14 tobacco
growers feel that such an order would be
unnecessary. Because of our common in-
terest in this problem, we have been able
to keep each other informed about the
tactics and plans used by proponents of
the order and at this point feel much
progress has been made in presenting our
views to the growers and to the Secretary
of Agriculture.
This has been a brief review of Florida
Farm Bureau's marketing activities to
date. Certainly much remains to be done
in the marketing area and I would urge
each of you to keep yourself informed
about the problems of marketing Florida
commodities today.

Sam Love is Named to
High Insurance Post
Veteran Florida Farm Bureau Insur-
ance Company official, Sam Love of
Summerfield, has been named state man-
ager of sales and marketing for the com-
pany, it was announced recently. He
will work out of the FFBF state head-
quarters building in Gainesville.
Mr. Love has been associated with the
Farm Bureau Insurance program since
1953 and has served as central Florida
district supervisor since 1955. His new
duties will include supervision and train-
ing of the agency force consisting of five
district sales supervisors and 90 agents
and trainees in 63 counties.
Mrs. Love is the former Jerrelyn Hall.
The couple has three children: Sam, Jr.,
Cara Anne and John.
One of the new manager's first acts
was the appointment of a successor to
his old position. He named Hillsborough
Agency Manager Olie Williamson to the
post. (See photo lower right, this page).

Florida Insurance Team
Audits Arkansas Books
A team of Florida Farm Bureau In-
surance Company officials spent a week
in Arkansas last month conducting that
state's internal audit. Preston H. Gough,
executive vice president, of the Florida
companies said that this audit is part
of a continuing program to provide the
best possible service for Farm Bureau
members. A similar audit will be held
in this state later in the year, he added.
Floridians who went to Arkansas in-
cluded: Marvin Evans, comptroller;
Charles McCallister, claims manager;
Bob Fuhrman, director of special repre-
sentatives; and Royce Chesser, chief ac-
countant. All work out of the Gaines-
ville office building.

Florida Agriculture, April, 1968 Florida Agriculture, April, 1968

Claims personnel from three Southern state Farm Bureaus met in Waco, Texas
last month to draw up a master plan for handling claims arising from disasters such
as hurricanes and tornadoes. Bill Atkins, Fire Claims Supervisor, Florida Farm
Bureau Insurance Companies represented this state. The picture shows Hartwell
Bowling (standing right), Vice President for Claims, Southern Farm Bureau Casualty
Insurance Company addressing the group. (Mr. Bowling is a former manager of the
Florida Farm Bureau Insurance Companies). Seated are 1 to r: Billy Joe Giles,
Texas; Jim Campbell, Texas; J. C. Grayson, Texas, Mr. Atkins; Ken Tiner of Texas
and Randle McKay of Louisianna.

The Hillsborough County FB Insurance Corp. is shown following an awards
ceremony held in Gainesville recently, when the agency staff was named the number
one Farm Bureau agency sales force in Florida and in the 12 state southeastern re-
gion. In competition with some 64 other agency groups, the Hillsborough force re-
mained in top position for the second consecutive year. From L to R: Arthur E.
Karst, FFBF President, who paid honor to the group; Chuck Jeter; Wesley Tyler;
John Griffin; Agency Manager Olie Williamson; Ralph Chancey; Wayne Davis;
Gerald Davis and Ray Thompson, pres., Hillsborough FB. (FFBF Inf. Dept. Photo).


How Florida Farm Bureau Computer Records
Program can help increase your profits, sim-
plify records keeping, and keep you "up to
date" on income and out go.

The Florida Farm Bureau Computer Records Serv-
ice. Friendly, expert counseling is a hallmark of
the Florida Farm Bureau Federation Records Serv-
ice. Bobby Bennet, shown above, directs FFBF's
Records Service giving counsel and instructions to
Florida farmers concerning farm records and how
profits may be increased.

Increased profits through expert tax management is
possible through the Florida Farm Bureau Records
Service. Qualified tax consultants are available to
those who participate in the records program and
who need specific assistance with complex tax prob-

Payroll records can be your most important docu-
ment. The Farm Bureau Computer Services offers
a quick, concise and highly accurate payroll prepara-
tion service. Payroll checks are written, tax deduc-
tions, tax, social security and other deductions are
made swiftly and accurately through the use of the
Farm Bureau computers.

This advertisement is published as a salute to the Farm Bureau's Computer Service and as a recommendation of this fine service to all of our policy holders.
Florida Farm Bureau Insurance Companies. Preston H. Gough, Executive Vice President. 4350 SW. Thirteenth Street, Gainesville, Florida

The IBM 360-20 computer is used by Florida Farm
Bureau Computer Services to give members the best
records keeping methods available. For further infor-
mation contact your local Farm Bureau county office
or Florida Farm Bureau Federation Records Serv-
ice, 4350 SW 13th Street, Gainesville, Florida 32601.



* a monthly round-up of activities on the local Farm Bureau level including ideas which may be duplicated by other counties.
Items reported by members of the FFBF Field Staff (see photos above); County Fdrm Bureaus; the FFBF Information Department
and the editorial staff of this magazine. (See "Letters to Editor" column on page 19.)

spring meeting on April 24. Candidates
for public offices have been invited to
speak during the event which will feature
a barbecue.

Hendry FB's continued efforts and in-

terest in
and office.
User's of
Corp of
lined pla
study by
and surr
tion and

Room" i:
etc. are h
honor of
land citrus
When th

office bu
Columbia FB's first membership meet- single-ha
ing of 1968 drew over 200 to the Fortly $50,00
White School cafeteria last month. Sertary
Wayne Boyette, Lake City, FFBF state Secretary
board member, furnished the chicken for aso pease
at a time
the meeting. Guest speaker was Mack present.
Guest, Southern region field services di- indebted
rector for AFBF. Kent Doke, FFBF's years"
commodity director, participated in the
program and discussed the proposed
marketing agreement for flue-cured to- Madiso
bacco and its effects upon growers of peaches s
Florida. In the picture: Front I to r: Mr. 1967, ac
Guest, Mrs. Billy Johnson, Mrs. Kent Rudy H1
Doke, Mrs. Wayne Boyette, Mrs. Marion should b,
Mann and George Collins, a Columbia Florida".
FB director. Second row, I to r: Billy es under
Johnson, Columbia treasurer; Clarence acreage o
Hill, president; Kent Doke; Marion
Mann, Columbia secretary; Mr. Boyette;
Willie Martin, Columbia VP and Henry
Dussey, Columbia director.

Polk FB's Executive Secretary, Mrs.
Anita Lander, resigned last month to accept
a position with one of Winter Haven's
prominent medical firms, Moseley, Graf and
Brooks. During her seven years with the
Polk County Farm Bureau that organiza-
tion's membership increased from 1690 to an
all time high of 2250. Mrs. Lander is seen
here with Polk's sign displayed at the FFBF
state convention advising members through-
out Florida that Polk is the largest county
unit. One of Polk's FB officials said recently
that "Anita's enthusiastic dedication and
loyalty to FB's aims and purposes was a pri-
mary factor in Polk's rise to the top in
membership". She has also been cited for
success with the news media during her
term of office. (FFBF Information Dept.

Florida Agriculture, April, 1968

Lake Okeechobee resulted in a
of approximately 300 citizens
ials from the area recently. The
was co-sponsored by the Water
Florida Ass'n and featured Joe
, chief civilian engineer of the
Engineers as speaker. He out-
ns that came from a three year
the Corps involving the Lake
wounding storage areas. A ques-
answer period followed the talk.

FB has a "Harold Henschen
n its office building outside of
Board meetings, conferences,
leld in the room. It is named in
the County's long-time secre-
surer, Harold Henschen, Oak-
is grower, who died in February.
e FB decided to erect a new
ilding, Mr. Henschen, almost
ndedly, raised the approximate-
0 in a matter of hours. Office
Elizabeth Russell said: "We're
d that the room was dedicated
when Mr. Henschen could be
Everyone in the organization is
to him for all he did over the

n County shipped 80% of all
hipped to Northern markets in
cording to Agricultural Agent
amrick who thinks his county
e called the "peach capital of
There are 2220 acres of peach-
cultivation or over half the
f all North Florida, Mr. Ham-

Suwannee, Hamilton and Lafayette
Counties have seen new balloon type
plastic covered tobacco beds this season,
according to Dennis Emerson, FFBF
fieldman. He says: "a wooden frame
brace on one end and an electric motor
provide the strength and power to tight-
en and maintain these covers as shown in
the above picture." The burdensome task
of covering and uncovering plant beds is
said to be virtually eliminated and dust-
ing for blue mole almost unnecessary.
Another factor in favor of this type of
plant bed cover is to keep up the mois-
ture inside for a longer period. Dennis
added: "if these beds can maintain a
maximum utility of use for a period of
two to three years without replacing,
they will be a big step in the direction of
more home grown plants".

rick adds. The bearing varieties include
June Gold, Suwannee, Maygold and
Continued on page 17

t ii:





By Mrs. Marvin Crutchfield, FFBF's Women's Chairman

This pillow is a super deluxe model.
An antique car aficionado will ap-
preciate its fine lines. The auto de-
sign is worked in a cross-stitch, with
cotton floss on a linen cover. Finished,
the pillow measures about 11 x 16 in-
ches. In a masculine den or recreation
room, it is the perfect ingredient.
Free instructions are available by
writing Mrs. Martha Zehner, Florida
Agriculture, 4350 SW 13th St., Gaines-
ville, Florida.

65 cents

: /

t \' 9099
931. 6 W 2, -24%
No. 9316. They can frisk about so
freely-no wonder little girls love the
sun pinafore. Sew one in bright blue
denim and another in dotted swiss for
parties. Sizes 2, 4, 6, 8. Size 6 takes
1% yds.
No. 9099. Grown-ups can move free-
ly too in this cute style for house,
garden, pool. Zip-front, rimmed with
bright binding. Half sizes 12/2, 14%,
16/2, 18Y, 201, 241/2. Size 1612 takes
3 yards, 35-inch.
Order by number. Send 65 cents in
coin for each pattern to Florida Agri-
culture Patterns, Box 42, Old Chelsea,
Station, New York 10011.

This month I think you will enjoy the
interesting story that follows. It is called
"Bread Through the Ages" and some of
it will surprise you.-Jessie Ann Crutch-
Your daily bread is part of a bounti-
ful 40 million loaves produced by U.S.
bakers every 24 hours. Modern America
still leans heavily on this ancient "staff
of life," which has actually contributed
to the creation and destruction of nations
in the past 10,000 years. Yet, amazingly
enough, these 100 centuries have seen
only three fundamental changes in the
basic bread recipe!
Swiss lake dwellers are thought to have
made the first loaves of bread 10,000
years ago. But the ancient Egyptians are
credited with bread's first big change-
the addition of fermented liquid which
made bread rise.
They had no cultured yeast, however,
and some surprised Egyptian housewife
must have returned from shopping to
find that fermentation had arisen spon-
taneously in the dough.
Even today, about a fourth of the world
likes its bread as it was before the Egyp-
tians' "new improved formula." In In-
dia, Iran, and Armenia, as well as in
parts of Scandinavia, bread is still baked
without leavening.
In the Jewish tradition of Passover,
unleavened bread symbolizes the flight
out of Egypt-such a hasty exodus that
the bread the fugitives were taking with
them had no chance to rise. This baked
but unleavened bread sustained the chil-
dren of Israel and played a vital role in
the making of a nation.
During World War II, the government
made this enrichment mandatory-then

rescinded this measure in 1946 after the
war was over.
Bakers, however, kept right on enrich-
ing on the old voluntary basis. Today
they point with pride to the average 16-
year-old boy, who is nearly three inches
taller, and four pounds heavier than his
father was at 16, and is expected to live
two and one-half years longer!
Since children stuff themselves with
white bread, enriching it with riboflavin,
thiamin, niacin and iron has made a

Editor's note: Mrs. Crutchfield's ap-
pearance at the recent FFBF district
meeting is pictured on page 7.

major contribution to the nation's health,
says the American Bakers Association.
According to the ABA, the vitamins-
one pellet to one loaf of bread-are mixed
in with the dough just before baking.
Some bakeries add a little more than the
standard amount, to make up for the
slight vitamin loss caused by baking.
After the vitamins are added, the bread
is baked (according to one popular meth-
od) in a long chain of pans traveling
from one end of a huge oven to another.
When each loaf finally emerges, it's
ready for slicing and packaging.
Complicated as it sounds, this modern
baking method is still only a streamlined
variation of the one known in Egypt
3000 years ago: grind grain, mix with
milk and other ingredients, let rise and
then bake.
The best-loved story about bread may
well be the miracle of the loaves and

Baking bread in 18th-century France, workers kneaded dough in wooden troughs,
formed loaves and baked them in an oven for retail trade. In the 1700's, brewer's
yeast was first used to make bread rise. The 10,000-year-old recipe for bread remains
basically the same today as the one used by bakers in 18th-century France-except
that now the dough is vitamin enriched. (Photo and story by Editors of Precis.)

V:! J

fishes-the time when Christ fed whole
multitudes from one apostle's meager
lunch. Today, in giving thanks for our
daily bread, consider how bountifully it
has indeed multiplied. The world now
has 200 billion loaves of bread a year-
or over 60 loaves each year for each of
the world's inhabitants.
But in later times, the Roman satirist
Juvenal sneered at the "bread and cir-
cuses" mentality which was leading an-
cient Rome to her doom. The populous
was jaded and apathetic, satisfied as long
as the government kept up the supplies
of grain and public entertainment. Many
were unemployed, living on an early
form of welfare.
To furnish the "bread" part of the
"bread and circuses," Rome in 100 A.D.
had 258 bakeries, and that same year the
Emperor Trajan established the first
school for bakers. Many well-to-do pri-
vate households also had their own bak-
eries-just in case they ran short.
Though history changed drastically
with the fall of Rome, bread did not. The
second great recipe change did not come
until 1792, when a baker discovered that
bread rose better with brewer's yeast. By
1800, this method was universal through-
out Europe. Peasants still stinging from
Marie Antoinette's pre-French Revolu-
tion remark, "Let them eat cake," could
now feast on a better bread product than
she ever dreamed possible.
At about this time, white bread the
monopoly of aristocrats for 200 years -
came into the bakeries of the common
In the United States in 1868, Charles
Fleishman introduced distillers' com-
pressed yeast in a cake-and by 1883,
chemists were able to breed a stable strain
of potent yeast. By 1915, this discovery
had enabled bakeries to set up modern
methods of production.
The last big change in bread occurred
just 25 years ago, when bakers volun-
tarily began adding vitamins and iron to
their dough.

"The heels on my good shoes were
worn on the edges, and I had to wear
them one day. I used two thumb tacks
on the worn edges. I am still wearing
them".-Lilliam Chadwick Warner, 1026
Pinebrook Dr., Clearwater.
(Editor's Note: readers are invited to share their
"tips" in this column. Send to FA, 4350 SW 13th
St., Gainesville.)

In a recent issue, FA asked if anyone
knew how to make syrup from corn cobs,
an old time recipe. Mrs. Earl F. Gro-
shon, Box 25, Ft. Myers, sends the fol-
Wash 12 clean corncobs. Break into
pieces, cover with cold water. Boil until
water is coffee-colored. Strain juice,
taking one part juice to two parts light
brown sugar (or cup of juice to two cups
sugar). Boil this mixture for about 10
minutes. Bottle and seal.


Gads'len County's Allene Smith, Kay Wolf and Gene Carroll (1 to r) are
pictured holding their awards at last month's 4-H Club Mother-Daughter sup-
per meeting held in the Farm Bureau building at Quincy. Assistant County
Home Agent, Mrs. Dickie Bent-
ley made the presentations.
Miss Smith received the Dan-
forth Award; Miss Wolf a chest
of silver flatware for winning a
state public speaking award and
Miss Carroll a gold key certifi-
cate, the highest award the
county 4-H program can give.
Photo courtesy: Havana Herald.

Orange County's J a c k i e
Boyles, of Forest City, has two
chickens which laid 13 eggs in
two days recently. (See Easter
egg story, page 19).

Annual Farm Bureau-Winn-Dixie scholarship award applications are now
ready. They may be obtained from County Farm Bureau offices or by writing
the Florida Farm Bureau, 4350 SW 13th St., Gainesville. Two scholarships
worth $1500 each are available to a son and to a daughter of a FFBF member,
as in the past.

The Farm Bureau tour department has announced a youth tour of eight
European countries from June 30 to August 12. The tour will cover Belgium,
England, Holland, Germany, Austria, Italy, France and Switzerland. Boys and
girls, age 16 to 18 will meet other high school students and farm families on the
tour. The group will be accompanied and closely supervised by responsible, ex-
perienced adults. For full, free information write Elane Gerbas, Farm Bureau
tours, Box 7605, Orlando, Fla. 32804.

Miss Teenage America, 1968, is pert
and pretty Stephanie Ann Crane of
Dallas, Texas. She has sparkling
green eyes, weighs 100 pounds and
stands 5'1". Her prizes included a
four-year college scholarship and a
year of travel plus others. For infor-
mation about next year's contest write

Gainesville, Florida.

A How many students can sit on a
mailbox? Answer: 24. The new world
ben record was established last month by
o City of London College youths. The
event took place in Finsbury Circus,
S. downtown London, England. Police
directed traffic around the site.)

A program to attract students to the field of agricultural engineering
has begun throughout Florida. It is sponsored by the American Society of
Agricultural Engineers. Brochures, filmstrips and other promotional materials
are being sent to 4-H and FFA leaders to show how much this profession has
to offer and how it will benefit Florida agriculture. (For more information
write Dick McHenry, 733 West Colonial Dr., Orlando).

As this issue is being read the Jaycees will be selecting the nation's top
young farmers for the 14th time. The event is the annual Outstanding
Young Farmer National Awards Congress being held in Des Moines, Iowa.
Out of 47 candidates, previously named "Outstanding Young Farmer" of
their respective states by local Jaycees, four will be picked for the national
honors. Names of the winners will appear in the next issue. (Last year
Florida's James E. Machek of Palatka, was one of the winners).

Florida Agriculture, April, 1968


Announces the Purchase of

this Outstanding Herd Sire


Son of the 1964 International Grand Champion Ankonian President
His 1968 Show Record:
Grand Champion at the South Florida Fair
Grand Champion at the Kissimmee Valley Livestock Show
Reserve Grand Champion at the Central Florida Fair
Senior Champion at the Florida State Fair

We recently purchased this outstanding individual from
Caravelle Land & Cattle Company of West Palm Beach. We
plan to use him in our herd immediately after his show career.
He has turned in some excellent results on the show circuit
We invite your inspection of this Outstanding Sire at the
ranch. Plan a visit soon!

Ph. 683-5134, 683-1464
Rt. 1, Box 358-0

'Located at Sunshine State Parkway Exit No. 9
in West Palm Beach

A film depicting a way to pro-
mote more consumer interest in
eggs is now available from Hess &
Clark, Ashland, Ohio 44805. It is a
documentary story on how a prior
promotion encouraged consumers
to be more egg conscious. During
the above promotion over a million
hard-cooked eggs were sampled by
the public. For free use of the film
write Bob Clark at above address
for details. (See page 19 for this
Month's Easter Egg cover picture

Serving Florida's Agriculture
Since 1934

Skilled Field Representatives
Sharing Program
Custom Mixing


Fertilizer Cooperative
312 N. Buena Vista Dr. Phone 372-1101


Rate: 15o per word; min $3. Display $10 col inch
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MONEY SPARE TIME opportunity We pay at the
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Details from Research, 669, Mineola, N.Y. 11501.
Dept. JC-16.
OVERSEAS JOBS-Australia, Europe, South America,
Far East, etc., Openings in all trades and professions.
$400 to $2,500 monthly. Free information, write
National Employment Service (Foreign Division) Box
2235 A.M.F. Miami, Fla. 33159.
CALF CREEP FEEDERS. 30 Bu. capacity $88.50. Dealer-
ships available. Free literature. Dolly Enterprises, 202
Main, Colchester, III. 62326.
S 461-0800

Supplier of a Complete Line
of Quality Irrigation Equipment
511 So. 4th St. Ft. Pierce
Member Florida Irrigation Society
backhoes, pumps, pick-ups, etc. Saine Company, Inc.
314 Piedmont St., Orlando, F;a.
QUALITY HEARING AIDS--/3 Dealer's Prices. No
salesmen. Easy terms. Latest models. Sensational
Battery Chargers. Lloyd's, P. O. Box 1645FA, Rock-
ford, Illinois 61110.
Postpaid. Free information, pictures. SHAWNEE,
3934 C Buena Vista, Dallas, Tex. 75204
HOLSTEINS. Registered or Grades-Cows, Heifers or
Calves. Make your selections direct from the farms
or will fill your order to your satisfaction. John M.
Smith, Box 63, Williamston, Michigan 48895. Phone
AT STUD: only Reg. Belgian Stallion in Confederacy;
one ton, 18 hands, deep roan. Fr. Emmet C. Smith,
6271 52nd St. No., Pinellas Park, Fla.
Fla. Ag. Dept., Interstate Publishers, Danville, Illinois

There's A

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For the Finest in
Brahman Chute Farm & Ranch Scales
Beefmaster Chute Pick-up Stake Racks
Loading Chutes Portable Corrals
Stock Oilers Calf Cradle
Branding Iron Heaters

.0, RANCH'
Jack Cullison or Joke Holland
Phone 629-5050 or 629-2171
4900 N.W. Blitchton Rd.
(U.S. Highway 27, Just West of 1-75

2 to 12 weeks old delivered
directly to you on approval!
You must take 25 head or more. We deliver 7 days
after you place your order. Available anytime. Prices
delivered: 2 to 4 weeks old each-Holstein Heifers
$45; Holstein Bulls $39.50; Guernsey Heifers $42.50;
Angus Hal. Cross $46. Six to 7 weeks old Holstein
Heifers $55; Holstein Bulls $55; Guernsey Heifers $50;
Angus Hol. Cross $55. Eight to 10 weeks Old -
Holstein Heifers $65; Guernsey Heifers $62.50; Angus
Bulls or Heifers $65; Holstein Bulls $60. Twelve
weeks old Holstein Heifers $77.50; Guernsey Heifers
$75; Holstein Bulls $72.50.
Call or write
Bonduel, Wisconsin 54107
Phone area code 715-758-4741
IMP NUTCRACKER, the ideal birthday gift. Get per-
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Shell any size or shape faster and so easy. You can
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Hami;ton Road, Columbus, Ga. 31904.
BIBLE QUESTIONS answered. Write Earl Finch, Box
53, Wayne, Mich. 48184. No Obligation.
VIEWCARD COLLECTORS: breaking up collection. No
chromes. 30 for $1. America's only all Hobby
Magazine. "The Hobby Digest". Sample copy 250.
Record Bonaza: 40 different, new. Many recent hits.
40 for $3.75. 100 different $8.75. Evarts, 4464M
Morefield, Pittsburg, Pa. 15214.
DRY CLEANING PLANT near downtown Tampa, on
Kennedy, good lease, large volume, can earn
$15,000 net for yourself per vear. Pandora Enter-
prises, Inc. 1111 N. West Shore Blvd., Suite No.
115. Telephone 877-7555-eveni gs 237-8541, Tampa.
AFRICAN VIOLETSI 3 small plants $1.35. Growing
and Care instruction folder ^54. "Money Tree" 60
seeds 354. Mrs. Glaser, 1645FA-Arden, Staten Island,
New York 10312.
FANCY LEAVED CALADIUMS. 100 bulbs (many varie-
ties) No. 3 (3/4-1-1/4)-$6.50; No. 2 (1-1/4-1-1/2)-
$10.00; No. 1 (1-1/2-2-1,2) $18.00 Per dozen (12
varieties) No. 3 $1.50; No. 2 $2.00; No. I $4.00.
Postpaid. Edgewater Caladiums, FM, Sebring, Florida
RABBITS. Raise Rabbits for us on $500 month plan.
Free details. White's Rabbitry, Mt. Vernon, Ohio
FARM REAL ESTATE and farm mortgage loans ($25,000
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convertible block building, $35,000. Fenros, Vernon,
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GOVERNMENT PUBLIC LAND (400,000,000 acres) in
25 states. Low as $1.00 acre. 1968 Report. Details
$1.00. Land Information, 422FM4, Washington Build-
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MUST SELL young Central Florida orange grove
with approximately 955 trees on 15 acres. Write
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F ... WITH


(Bill Dickerson)
P. 0. BOX 367 (904) 481-2345

AUCTIONEERING. Resident and Home Study Courses.
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FOR SALE: Nameplates, badges, truck signs, decals,
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JIMBOCO. _Box 371- Las Vegas, Nev. 89101

FARROWING STALLS. Complete $24.95. Dealership
available. Free literature. Dolly Enterprises, 202 Main,
Colchester, III. 62326.
were sold last year by members of societies, clubs,
groups, etc. They enable you to earn money for
your treasury and make friends for your organization.
Sample FREE to Official
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Established 1915
NEED EXTRA MONEY? List of 50 firms wanting home-
workers. Hurry. Send $1 to Carman, 350 Groveport
Rd., Columbus, Ohio 43207.

Continued from page 13
Earligold. A new variety to the area is
the Rio Grande, planted for the first
time during the past winter, the Agent

Everglades FB will hold its first an-
nual spring picnic April 24 at the Belle
Glade Marina. The announcement said
that there will be "fun, games and good
entertainment for all". (See Belle Glade
pictures on page 7).
Lafayette County FB members heard
a talk by George Manter, district repre-
sentative of the American Breeders Serv-
ice at its March meeting. Another speak-
er, E. H. Finlayson, member of the
FFBF's state board, stressed the import-
ance of taking part in "our fight to pre-
serve agriculture and to keep Farm
Bureau as the number one farm organi-



Farmaster ...


Here is the Farrowing Stall
that is .

P. 0. BOX 160 DUBLIN, GA. 31021
PHONE 912/272-1659 or 272-1689

zation". Mr. Finlayson is also immedi-
ate past president of the FFBF and
former member of the AFBF's board.

Orange FB's R. I. (Bert) Witherbee of
Route 1, Box 120, Orlando says he hopes
to ship about 10 million tobacco plants
to North Florida and Georgia by the
middle of this month. He starts ship-
ping the plants about March 10 each sea-
son. His land is cleared each October
and beds prepared prior to planting about
January 1. His principal varieties in-
clude: White Gold, Hicks, McNair, Num-
ber 30 and Coker 319. "Plants are scarce
this year and we are lucky to have a
good supply on hand", Mr. Witherbee
said recently. He joined the Orange
County Farm Bureau in 1948 and has
been an active member since.

Leon FB's guest speaker last month
was John Stiles, director of Marketing
for the Florida Department of Agricul-
ture. He explained the various marketing
projects the department has set up to
promote Florida agriculture. Dennis
Emerson, FFBF fieldman for the district,
said that a great deal of discussion was
also carried on regarding inter-state com-
modity inspections.

Suwannee FB President Bill Thomp-
son, last month, presented a certificate
award to H. L. Johns for outstanding,
devoted service to the organization over
a 15 year period. The award took place
at Suwannee's quarterly meeting, spon-
sored by Valmont Industries, Inc.

The President's Message

"As has been said so many times,
there are plenty of 'do-gooders' and
'professionals' who will be more
than happy to make your decisions
for you".

By Arthur E. (Art) Karst, Vero Beach
President, Florida Farm Bureau Federation

The area policy development and
"operation understanding" meetings
held in six different locations about
the state were seemingly most bene-
ficial, to everyone in attendance, in-
cluding FFBF officers and staff,
county leaders, county staff, and
women leaders.
We endeavored to cover many
subjects of general interest, and
items of local concern where neces-
sary. I believe many of us under-
stand better the complex organiza-
tional structure of Farm Bureau
from the individual member thru the
county unit, the state and then to
AFBF. The responsibilities assigned
at various levels, along with the
authority delegated, were reviewed.
The importance and necessity of
operating according to by-laws and
contractual arrangements were thor-
oughly outlined. I'm sure we'll have
an even better, smoother working
organization, as more and more of us
get an even better knowledge of the
insides of our organization.
FFBF leadership and staff wel-

"Present subsidy and con-
trol programs grew out of the
depression. They were sup-
posed to have been 'tempo-
rary'. Most are still in effect,
"Today, the laws of supply,
demand, and profit (and loss)
are not permitted to operate
freely. Too much protection
weakens; too many controls
stifle. Our farmers (many of
them) are disgruntled and (to
be plain about it) fed up. They
tend (to the tune of 63%)
to go along with the AFBF
President when he says, 'Now
is the time to dismantle our
obsolete federal farm pro-
Columbia, S.C. State.

come suggestions from members as
to how we can continue to improve
any and all of our meetings-time,
place, subject matter, format, etc.,
of all of our regular and special
meetings such as annual convention,
presidents' conference, district or
area meetings, commodity group,
regular committees, etc. We know
there is always room for improve-
Those members, counties, or
groups of counties, who may have
by-law revision resolutions are again
reminded that such suggestions
must be in the Gainesville office by
August 29th in order to meet pre-
filing time requirement of the by-
laws. We are tentatively planning
to hold our convention this year on
October 27-28-29 with the first ses-
sion of the resolutions committee
scheduled for 1 p.m. Oct. 25.

See pages 6 & 7 for pictures taken
during the recent FFBF district meet-

Again I wish to point out the im-
portance of active participation in
the election campaign of the can-
didates of your individual choice for
each and every elective office in the
upcoming primary and general elec-
tions. The great majority of elec-
tions this year in many counties
and/or districts will probably be
very close, so a little extra effort by
each of us interested in what we
term "good government" will un-
doubtedly yield handsome returns.
As has been said so many times,
there are plenty of "do-gooders" and
"professionals" who will be more
than happy to make your decisions
for you. The feeders at the public
trough know where their bread is
buttered, so if we're to continue to
do the baking and the churning, we

had better also look after the utili-
zation of the bread and the butter.
Politics is not inherently a "bad"
word. Instead, politics is only the
result of the stewardship as citizens
which each of us individually, and
sometimes collectively, perform. Be-
cause of the court re-apportionment
of legislative and congressional dis-
tricts, and because every member of
the legislature and every congress-
man must run for office this year, in
many areas the campaigns, and the
ballot, will be difficult to compre-
A high priority piece of legislation
which should be considered by the
legislature is re-apportionment. Yes,
again. By using the court initiated
guidelines of splitting precincts from
one county, where mathematically
necessary, and adding to another
county, or counties, legislative dis-
tricts can be established from which
only one representative or one sena-
tor, as the case may be, shall be
elected. Then each voter would vote
for one state senator, one state rep-
resentative, one congressman and
the two U.S. senators. The Supreme
Court said "one man, one vote," did-
n't they? I'm sure such a plan would
make for better representative gov-
We congratulate and thank all
those county leaders and staff peo-
ple who have again carried the Farm
Bureau story to more new members,
thereby continuing Florida's un-
broken string of years of continuous
membership growth. Evidence gath-
ered from all over the state proves
the FB image continues to improve,
and that an even greater percentage
of farmers embrace the FB purpose,
aim, and method. You just can't
beat a program designed in demo-
cratic open discussion and resolve.
Yes, more than ever before, FB is
the "voice of agriculture."

Florida Agriculture, April, 1968


Easter egg hunts come but once a year,
but Florida's poultry industry is a year-
round business, contributing some $300
million annually to the state's agricul-
Recently Commissioner of Agriculture
Doyle Conner presented a resolution to
his fellow cabinet officers on behalf of
the Florida Poultry Industry. He point-
ed out that Florida producers ship
135,000 cases of eggs to out-of-state
markets each month and that an ad-
ditional 25,000 cases are exported to
foreign countries monthly.
Florida broiler growers estimated that
30 million chicks are produced annually
compared to only 19 million just two
years ago. Production of layers is ex-

See Calendar of Events on page 2, for
poultry and egg activities this month.

pected to top 10 million this year com-
pared with 9.3 million in 1967, according
to the Commissioner who told the Cabi-
net that "The Florida poultry is a grow-
ing, dynamic and profitable industry"
and that its efficiency will play a strategic
role in combatting the problem of world
Under Commodity Briefs in a recent
issue of the AFBF newsletter the follow-
ing appeared: "Florida hens produced
an average of 233 eggs each in 1967. The
Vermont average was 231 and the na-
tional average was 221". (Good publicity
for Florida poultrymen, since the news-
letter goes into homes of key FB people
throughout the nation.-editor).
On a national basis egg production rose
to 70.2 billion last year, up six percent
from a previous high set in 1966. Layers
totaled 317.5 million in 1967 and the rate
of lay averaged 221 eggs compared to
218 in 1966, according to the USDA.
Government figures of egg production
last year show that the South leads the
nation. Broken down into regions pro-
duction was: South Central 14.5 billion
eggs, up 10 percent from the previous
year; South Atlantic 13.5 billion, up 9%
West 11.1 billion, up 5%; West N. Cen-
tral 11.3 billion, up 1.4%; East N. Cen-
tral 9.9 billion up 4% and N. Atlantic 9.9
billion, up 1%.
Egg promotion film is available free of
charge. An item and picture on page 16
gives full details. (Editor's note: this is
a good item for county Farm Bureau
(The cover picture was made for this
issue by H. Armstrong Roberts).


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Florida Agriculture, April, 1968


See your Farm Bureau Agent today!


Home Office
P. 0. Box 78, Jackson, Mississippi

Branch Office
4350 SW 13th St., Gainesville, Fla.


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