Title: Florida agriculture
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075932/00013
 Material Information
Title: Florida agriculture
Physical Description: v. : illus. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Farm Bureau Federation
Publisher: Florida Farm Bureau Federation.
Place of Publication: Gainesville etc
Frequency: monthly (except june, july and aug.)[19]
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 9- 1950-
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075932
Volume ID: VID00013
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01375465
lccn - sn 78001276
issn - 0015-3869
 Related Items
Preceded by: Bulleltin

Full Text



...in giving credit ,5
where credit ,,i
s due "
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Farm Credit Salutes
Soil and Water Conservationists
who are dedicated to preserving and making the most effective use
of our soil and water resources. Farm Credit salutes these outstanding
men. And when it comes to preserving financial stability on farms,
Farm Credit Service is proud of its contribution. Consult a Farm Credit
specialist for your credit needs.

0 1

Your local Production Credit Association pro-
vides credit for operating and production
expenses, capital expenditures and your
farm family needs at simple interest rates.

The Columbia Bank for Cooperatives makes
seasonal, term and commodity loans to
marketing purchasing and processing co-
operatives owned by farmers.

Your local Federal Land Bank Association
is the place to go for long-term form
financing at realistic, farm-oriented
repayment schedules and reasonable rates.

0 all in the family of FARM CREDIT SERVICE -I



By T. K. McClane, Jr., Executive Vice President, FFBF

According to all reports at this writ-
ing, the Governor will call the legislature
into session to consider one thing only-
the report of his commission on quality
education. He says that he will limit
the session to ten days and the Supreme
Court indicates that he can do this. Of
course, the legislature itself can extend
the session for an additional period of
time by two-thirds vote of each house.
Apparently no one, except the Governor,
believes that this can be accomplished in
a ten-day session. On the basis of legis-
lators' statements, I believe that this is
The big question before the legislature
will be first, how much money will be
appropriated for schools and secondly,
where will the money come from? The
first question will be quite a task but
one on which agreement will probably be
reached in a few days. The second
question, "Where to get the money," will
be the most difficult one to resolve. The
Governor says that if there is any in-
creased taxation it must be approached
by over-all tax reform to include ad val-
orem tax relief and to be subject to a
vote of the people. Most legislators, I
believe, do not want to delay financial
assistance to the schools until the peo-
ple can be heard on it. This difference
in opinion may bring about another im-
passe similar to the one we had during
the regular 1967 session of the legislature
between the Governor and the legislators.
Also, any increase in state funds to
schools will be contingent upon the coun-
ties levying a certain minimum millage
in order to qualify for the additional
state funds. This in itself will cause an
additional controversy and there will be
a different alignment of proponents and
opponents than there will be on the in-
creased taxes.
The consensus is that the approach
will be made either through increased
sales taxes, removal of certain exemp-
tions in the sales tax law, or the imposi-
tion of a gross receipts tax of some kind.
Any of these approaches include the risk
that agriculture could lose the traditional
exemptions granted to it under the pres-
ent limited sales tax. We have presented
testimony to the Florida Commission for
Tax Reform supporting Farm Bureau's
policies as determined by our voting del-
egates concerning not only sales taxes,
but also emphasizing the critical need
for relief on property taxes. It's our
understanding that other agricultural
groups have also presented statements to
this Commission. This Commission is
composed of the following persons, the
majority of which, we believe, under-
stand the peculiar business of farming
and understand the continuance of the

Florida Agriculture, February, 1968

sales tax exemptions for agriculture are
vital not only to farmers but to the state
as a whole: Senators Bafalis, Broxson,
Friday, Griffin, Sayler, Shevin and
Weissenborn; Representatives Caldwell,
D'Alemberte, Osborne, Reed, Sessums,
Sweeny, Schultz and Wells.
We are preparing to work with the
Finance and Taxation committees of
each house as soon as they are appointed
and we will give each county Farm Bu-
reau a list of the members of these com-
mittees as soon as they are known. May
I suggest for any of you individual Farm
Bureau members, who are particularly
close to a member of the Tax Reform
Commission or, for that matter any
other member of the legislature, you
take the time to visit with him and be
sure that he understands the position of
Farm Bureau. It's important for them
to know that agriculture is ready and
willing to pay its share of all taxes in
proportion to its ability to do so and
still remain in agricultural production,
but that sales tax on items consumed in
the production of crops and livestock
actually represent either an income tax
or a reduction in net income whichever
way you wish to look at it.
Farm Bureau does not have a firm
position on how the county school sys-
tem should be financed, except that if ad-
ditional taxes are needed that they
should be drawn from all of the people
and not just from property owners or
other classes of taxpayers. Farm Bu-
reau's position is that the sales tax is the
most equitable type tax to raise this
money. Farm Bureau does not have a
policy as to the proportion which should
be paid by the state and that by the
county. There does, however, seem to be
growing sentiment throughout the state
that the state government should pick
up a larger portion of the tab to finance
county school systems. Some groups are
advocating that the state completely fi-
nance the county school system but that
the control of the schools be kept in the
County School Board. I am sure that
this idea will be introduced into the leg-
islature during the special session, either
during the ten days allotted by the Gov-
ernor or extensions thereof. We must be
especially alert during this special ses-
sion and will maintain an office in Talla-
hassee in order to keep the county Farm
Bureaus abreast of the situation. We will
try to issue bulletins from time to time
but it will probably be necessary to do
most of it by telephone, if the action is
as fast as some people expect it to be.
Since the Governor has limited this
special session strictly to education, it's
going to be extremely difficult to get any
Continued on page 5

... offices in...


Arcadia, PCA
Belle Glade, PCA and FLBA
Bradenton, PCA
Clewiston, PCA
Dade City, PCA
Eustis, PCA
Fort Pierce, PCA
Gainesville, PCA and FLBA
Immokalee, PCA and FLBA
Jacksonville, PCA
Lakeland, PCA and FLBA
Lake Wales, PCA
Live Oak, PCA and FLBA
Madison, PCA
Marianna, PCA and FLBA
Miami, PCA and FLBA
Monticello, PCA
Ocala, PCA
Okeechobee, PCA and FLBA
Orlando, PCA and FLBA
Palatka, PCA
Pensacola, PCA
Quincy, PCA
Sebring, PCA
Tampa, FLBA
Vero Beach, PCA and FLBA
Wauchula, PCA and FLBA
Winter Haven, PCA

...all in the family,



Rural Humor. A backwoodsman was
leaving home for a trip of several days.
His wife wasn't happy about it. "Ike," she
complained, "you're going away for near
on to a week and there's not a single stick
of wood for the stove." "So?" demanded
Ike, logically. "I ain't taking the ax."-
Christian Observer.

"Onions in orbit grow faster than those
planted on earth".-Tass, the Soviet News

Last month readers were asked to iden-
tify a quotation which included: "...
whoever could make two ears of corn, or
two blades of grass, to grow upon a spot
of ground where only one grew before
.". The passage is from Gulliver's
Travels by Jonathan Swift, 1667-1745,
Chapter 7 entitled "Voyage to Brobding-
nag". Proper identification was made by:
Mrs. W. F. Peackcock, 310 E. Hooker St.,
Bartow; Charles F. Chaplin, Rt. 1, Box
355, Ft. Lauderdale; J. Wayne Beardsley,
Route 2, Box 230, Lake Placid; John L.
Simpson, Route 1, Box 107A, Alachua;
Mrs. Alton B. Tedford, Box 732, Oviedo;
and Walter P. Fuller, 2113 Central Ave.,
St. Petersburg.

Salt consumption in the U.S. has risen
from 97 pounds per-capita in 1910 to
more than 365 pounds today. About two-
thirds of all salt production dry salt and
brine goes into chemical industry as the
starting point for making chlorine and
soda ash. These are the basic chemicals
in manufacturing fertilizers, paper, rub-
ber, explosives, dyes, soap, nylon, plastics,
paper and scores of other products. Salt
used by tanners and meatpackers has
gradually declined from nearly one mil-
lion tons in 1955 to only 725,000 tons last
year because new methods of preserving

FEB. 21-25





FEB. 23-25
2:30 p.m. each day

Miss Silver Spurs Pageant
Parade of Cattle Champions
Purebred Poodle Show
Steer Show and Sale

1 L

"He's not much of a hired man but
he's the best scarecrow I ever had."

meat and the use of leather substitutes.
Agricultural feeding, however, will take
more salt, approximately two million tons
in 1975 compared with 1.5 million last

Corn, Oklahoma, is the only town in
the nation named after this plant. There
is a place called Cornstalk, West Virginia,
but research indicates it was named not
for the crop but for a renowned Indian
warrior, Chief Cornstalk. Eight U.S.
cities are named after wheat. They in-
clude Wheatcroft, Ky.; Wheatfield, Ind.;
Wheatley, Ark. and Ky.; and five

$266 million in school feeding programs
were apportioned among the States by
the USDA recently. Florida's share is
$8.5 million and is broken down as fol-
lows: school lunches $6.2 million; lunches
for especially needy children $265,162;
Smilk, $1.9 million; breakfasts for needy
youngsters $84,424 and nonfood assist-
ance $30,197, the Department release

"Imitation Milk" must be printed on
cartons sold in Connecticut.

Americans ate nearly three quarters of
a ton of food apiece, back in 1947. Since
then they've been cutting down and are
eating about 100 pounds less per year.
They consume a little more meat, fish
and poultry, a little less dairy products
and eggs, but fruit and vegetable con-
sumption is down by 45 lbs. per person,
w;th flour and cereal products off by
another 25 pounds. But candy consump-
tion is up. Average person eats 19 pounds
a year, the highest rate in 25 years.-
From Farm Finance News.

Pesticide production in the U.S. last
year amounted to over 1.25 million
pounds having a manufacturers' value of
around $800 million. From the Pesticide
Review, published by the USDA, Wash-
ington, D.C.

Russia is the world's largest butter pro-
ducer with 1,182,000 tons annually. The
U.S. is second with 609,000 tons.

India has more cattle than any other
country with 175.6 million head. The U.S.
is second with 107.2 million followed by
Russia, Brazil, Argentina, China, Mexico,
Pakistan, Ethiopia and France.

China has more hogs than any other
country with 180 million. Brazil is second
with 59 million and the U.S. third with
53.1 million.

Biggest sugar producing countries are
Russia, Cuba, Brazil, U.S., India, and
France, in that order.

Biggest wheat producing countries are
Russia. U.S., China, Canada, France,
India, Australia, in that order.

"Even if a farmer intends to loaf, he
gets up in time to get an early start".
-Ed Howe, B. 1853.

Mini-farms. A recent news story from
La Coruna, Spain, said "Beautiful Gali-
cia, the green province in the rainy north-
west, is a showcase for one of Spain's
most vexing agricultural problems-the
mini-farm." The article points out that
more than half of Spanish farms contain
fewer than 13 acres. As a result the story
goes on, these tiny farms are a prime
challenge to Spain which spends $600
million a year importing food. "No real
progress can be made in solving the coun-
try's distressing imbalance until Spain
can produce all or nearly all its own


Vol. 27, No. 2, Feb., 1968
Established 1943. Published monthly except
June. July and August. Publication date 10th
of current month. Owned by Florida Farm
Bureau Federation. 4350 SW 13th St., Gaines-
ville, Florida 32601. President. Arthur E.
Karst, Vero Beach; Vice President, Walter
Kautz, Canal Point; Secretary, Bob Clark,
Jr., Ft. Lauderdale; Treasurer, Forrest Davis,
Jr., Quincy, and Executive Vice President, T.
K. McClane, Jr., Gainesville. Printed by Cody
Publications. Second Class Postage Paid at
Kissimmee, Florida. Notice of change of ad-
dress should be sent to 4350 SW 13th St.,
Gainesville, Fla., Zip Code 32601. Send
all copy to P. 0. Box 7605, Orlando,
Fla. Zip Code 32804. Phone 1-305-423-4163.
Editor, Hugh Waters; assistant, Martha Zeh-
ner; office Mgr., Ruth Sloan. Subsc. $5 year.
Send changes of address to 4350 SW 13th
St., Gainesville. Fla. 32601.

Florida Agriculture, February, 1968


of interest to farmers.

Feb. 6-12. Second annual AgriTour of Florida.
(See item elsewhere).
Feb. 12-17. FFA State Dairy Cattle Show. Tampa.
Feb. 14-15. Annual President's Conference. FFBF
building, Ganeaville. (More information else-
where in this issue).
Feb. 16. Market Research Conf. Fla. Citrus Comm.
Aud.torium, Lakeland.
Feb. 17-24. National Future Farmer's Week.
Feb. 18-21. Annual National Peach Council con-
vention and trade show. Charleston, S. C.
Feb. 19. USDA public hearings on filled milk.
Feb. 21. Vegetable Field Day. 1:30 to 4:30 p.m.,
Central Fla. Experiment Sta. Sanford.
Feb. 24. Citrus Tea. Civic Center Aud., Lakeland.
Feb. 25-29. Annual meet ng, American-Int. Char-
olals Ass'n, Phoenix.
Feb. 26-28. Int. Orchid Show. Bayfront Park Aud.
Mar. 27-30. Annual National Youthpower Con-
gress, Sherman House, Chicago.
Feb. 28. Public hearing on Manatee County Beach
erosion. Army Engineers. 2 p.m. Courthouse.
Feb. 29-Mar. 1. Annual Southern Farm Forum,
Mar. 4-8. FFBF spring district meetings. (Tenta-
tive-see item on page 10).
Mar. 13. Annual Feed Conference. Cincinnati.
Apr. 5-21. Major promotional Exhibition, sponsored
by USDA, Tokyo, Japan.
Apr. 9. FFBF board of directors meeting. Gaines-
ville 10 a.m.
June 11-13. Annual convention, Fla. Dairy Prod-
ucts Ass'n, Jacksnvile.
Feb. 6-17. Florida State Fair. Tampa.
Feb. 13-18. Dade Fair & Exp. Homestead.
Feb. 16-24. Gainesville Livestock Market. Galnes-
Feb. 17-24. Florida Citrus Showcase. Winter
Feb. 19-24. Hendry County Fair and Livestock
show. Clewiston.
Feb. 21-25. Kissimmee Valley Livestock Show.
Feb. 23-25. Annual Silver Spurs Rodeo. Kis-
Feb. 25-26. Miami International Orchid Show. Bay-
front Aud. Miami.
Feb. 25-Mar. 2. St. Lucie Fair. Ft. Pierce.
Feb. 26. Mid. Fla. Rabbit Breeders Ass'n. Ocala.
Feb. 26-Mar. 9. Central Fla. Fair. Orlando.
Feb. 26-27. N. Fla. Livestock Show & Sale.
Feb. 27-Mar. 2. Hernando Fair. Brooksville.
Mar. 1, 2, 3. Ninth annual Antique show & Sale.
Spon. by Fla. Fed. of Art Ass'n. Debary Hall,
Debary, Fla. Ph. 904-985-4688.
Mar. 4-9. Annual Strawberry Festival. Plant City.
Mar. 6-9. Citrus County Fair. Inverness.
Mar. 11-16. Martin County Fair. Stuart.
Apr. 24-26. Annual Fla. Turf-Grass Trade Show.
The following all-expense escorted tours depart on
dates given:
Feb. 14. Tour to Hawaii, 13 days.
Mar. 9. Tour to Australia, New Zealand, 44 days.
Mar. 26. Tour to Orient, 29 days.
Mar. 28. South Pacific Cruise, 42 days.
Apr. 25. Tour of Eastern Europe and USSR. 21
May 8. Tour to Hawal, 18 days.
May 21. Tour to Scandinavia, 30 days.
June 1 & 8. Tour to Alaska. 16 days.
All details (even tips) handled by experienced,
qualified people. Go alone, as a couple or take
non-Farm Bureau friends along. For free brochure
& information write Hugh C. Waters, Farm Bureau
Tours, P.O. Box 7605, Orlando, Fla. 32804.

Turn your water-pumping over to dependable, long-lasting,
economical Reddy Kilowatt. An electric-powered pump is
simple to control with float switch, time clock, or push-
button. It's a wise investment for better yield and im-
proved profits.

Monthly Report to Members

Continued from page 3
other subject taken up. The two reasons
for this are that the legislature will be
reluctant to broaden the Governor's call
which would take a two-thirds majority
of each house, and the danger of opening
up the call for one subject which will
bring a deluge of requests for other sub-
jects to be dealt with. We will, however,
be fighting to get additional monies for
the Institute of Food and Agricultural
Sciences and the State Department of
Agriculture as the situation is extremely
critical, both in IFAS and in the spread-
ing decline and Fire Ant Programs of the
State Department of Agriculture. Our
chances of succeeding here are, of
course, indeed slim, but there are a few

at least who feel money for IFAS might
come under the purview of the Gov-
ernor's call for education. Final determ-
ination of this, of course, will be by the
legislature itself.
We are especially happy that the State
Board of Directors has created the new
position of Administrative Assistant, and
I am pleased to announce that Charles
Blair has been appointed to this position.
(See page 11 for details.) This position
has been badly needed in Farm Bureau
for some time and should increase the
overall effectiveness of all of the State
Farm Bureau staff in the performance
of their regular duties.
Plans for the coming year will be dis-
cussed in more detail in the next issue.


Your home is probably your most expensive investment. Fire can destroy
it without warning because no home is fireproof. Your own Farm Bureau
company can sell you the fire insurance you need. See your local Farm Bureau
agent today or write Preston H. Gough, executive vice president.


4350 SW 13th STREET

PHONE FR 2-0401


Florida Agriculture, February, 1968

This picture was made in a citrus grove near Winter Gar-
den (Orange County) recently. It shows a prototype model
of a fruit pick-up machine developed by the Continental Moss-
Gordin Company of Prattville, Alabama. The machine is pres-
ently undergoing field tests and evaluated by a sub-committee
of the Florida Citrus Commission's Harvesting Committee. (See
names on opposite page.) George Howard, harvesting super-
visor for the Southern Fruit Distributors, is chairman of the
sub-committee. A. M. Bazzy, Prattville, vice-president of the
manufacturing company, said that the machine will pick up
500 pounds of fruit per minute and discharge it into a truck
at the rate of 1500 pounds per minute. (Editor's note: more
information on this will appear in the next issue.)

Citrus is "King" This Month

This is the period of the year when
both man and nature co-operate to show
off the 33-county billion-dollar plus Flor-
ida citrus industry.
In Winter Haven the annual Florida
Citrus Showcase comes alive from Feb-
ruary 16 through 24, when everything
pertaining to the state's biggest agricul-
tural segment goes on public view.
Also at this time, in all areas where
the crop is grown nature puts on one of
her most spectacular sights-the annual
citrus bloom, when trees are literally
covered with white blossoms. Visitors
have been heard to remark: "It looks
just like snow up North." Old time
Floridians say: "Once you smell orange
blossoms, you'll never forget it and al-
ways want to come back."
All varieties of citrus, early, late, mid-
season, grapefruit, etc., bloom at about
the same time, beginning in late January
and early February and extending into
late March, depending upon weather
conditions. For example: Hamlins and
other early varieties of oranges bloom at
this time and are ready for harvest this
fall; Valencias and other late varieties
also bloom at this period but are not
ready for harvest until spring a year
away-in 1969.
Jack S. Allen, Umatilla, chairman of

the FFBF citrus committee, says that
the peak bloom will be earlier this year,
probably sometime this month instead
of in March. This is due primarily to
the warmer weather experienced in the
citrus belt this season, he said. (See op-
posite page).
Farm families living outside the citrus
belt and who want to observe the bloom
spectacular can see approximately 17
million trees or over 340,000 acres from
atop the Citrus Tower at Clermont, on
highway 27. The tower is open from
7:30 a.m. until sunset daily and Sundays.
The charge is $1.00 for adults; 60 cents
for students and nothing for children
under 10 who accompany adults.
The Citrus Showcase opens on Friday,
Feb. 16 at 2 p.m., with the traditional
opening parade scheduled for February
17 in downtown Winter Haven. Another
tradition, the annual contest to select the
Florida Citrus Queen will be held on
Wednesday night, Feb. 21, in conjunction
with the annual "Coronation Ball" which
will install the winner. (See page 12 for
photo of the current queen and other
As in the past a highlight of the Show-
case will be "Governor's Day," when the
State's Chief Executive, Claude Kirk and

Agriculture Commissioner Doyle Connor
will be special guests. The Governor's
annual speech before citrus industry
leaders is scheduled to be heard at a
high noon luncheon, Friday, Feb. 22.
Another annual feature of the citrus
show will be the fresh fruit competition
open to all packers, shippers and growers
with a long list of trophies and ribbons
as awards.
During the Showcase, Feb. 16-24, the
popular daytime TV Show, "You Don't
Say" will have Florida citrus as its back-
ground theme. The show is televised
over the nationwide NBC network of
about 192 stations.
For the shows from the Florida Citrus
belt, three locations have been selected.
Of the 10 shows to be taped the first four
will be at Florida Cypress Gardens, Feb.
19-20; three at Clermont, Feb. 21-22 and
three at a beauty spot near Vero Beach
on the Indian River, Feb. 23-24. The
tapings can be viewed by the public and
there will be no charge for admission.
The TV shows are sponsored by the
Florida Citrus Commission; Cypress Gar-
dens; The Indian River Citrus League
and a citizen's group in Clermont.

At the recent FFBF convention a "citrus promotion" reso- machines in their schools. For information he said to con-
lution was passed. It urged the organization to work to- tact Ed Bann, president, Refreshment Centers, Box 3008,
ward getting citrus juice in schools. Lakeland or telephone him at 803-686-3862.
Jack S. Allen, Jr., Umatilla, chairman, FFBF citrus The FFBF's citrus committee includes County FB
committee, says that the program is meeting with success. Presidents of the major citrus producing counties or their
Citrus vending machines are already operating in schools nominees plus members of the FFBF's board of directors
in Lake, Polk, Orange and Hillsborough Counties, and in- who are from those areas. The chairman said he hopes
clusion of others will be announced shortly, he said. to have a meeting during the President's Conference in
Mr. Allen urges other County FB's to put the citrus Gainesville, Feb. 14-15.

Florida Agriculture, February, 1968

A Citrus highlight of 1967 was a demonstration of mechan-
ical harvesting machines and aids at Lake Alfred. More than
a dozen machines went through the paces under the watchful
eyes of manufacturers and manufacturers' representatives who
offered the latest in tree shakers, blowers, augers, spindles.
picker-uppers and picker platforms. Citrus growers from
throughout the state were on hand to view the demonstration.
Just as early models of autos are viewed with interest these
on the spot photographs of the "pickers" may become a collec-
tor's item someday. The picture at the top right shows a
model designed to blow fruit from the trees. It has a wind

velocity of over 100 miles per hour. Second picture shows a
machine which shakes fruit from the tree. The coil rests on
limbs. The third picture is also a tree-shaker unit mounted on
a tractor and said to be easily maneuvered. At top right the
augers "bore" into the limbs to remove fruit. At left below
is a harvester described as a "clam box"; next shows how a
picher can operate a harvester unit from perch in bucket.
Third from left is a picker platform, or harvesting aid; and
finally a unit with fingers which remove fruit from limbs so
that it drops to a conveyor belt. A recent picture of a citrus
"pick-up" machine appears on the opposite page.

Mechanical Harvesting of Citrus Crop is Reviewed

A citrus industry harvesting committee,
appointed by the Florida Citrus Com-
mission, in existence for about 10 years,
has been attempting to make mechanized
harvesting a realty, according to J. T.
Griffiths, Lakeland, chairman.
Mr. Griffiths in a statement to this
magazine recently said: "At the present
time the research agencies are following
several different approaches to the prob-
lem. These include the research for a
chemical which will affect the fruit so
that it can be more easily shaken or
blown from the tree; the testing of shak-
ing and catching devices which will allow
the fruit to fall from the trees and to be
loaded directly into a bulk truck; the use
of machines to wind blow the fruit and
to pick it up mechanically and load it
into a highlift; and numerous devices
which might permit picking for fresh
"Real progress has been made in the
last several years. Some companies are
actually mechanizing some of their har-

vesting operations at the present time.
It is my sincere hope that we will have
an abscission chemical available to use
on early and mid-season oranges and
grapefruit by the Fall of 1969. I feel
certain that there will be considerable
mechanization of portions of the har-
vesting operations starting in the 1968-
69 season."
The Industry Harvesting committee.
chairmanned by Mr. Griffiths includes:
Arthur E. Karst, Vero Beach (President,
Florida Farm Bureau); E. E. Cook,
Haines City; John Giddens, Frostproof;
John Nelson, Umatilla; R. V. Phillips.
Haines City; A. H. Reppard, Dade City;
Charles R. Sexton, Vero Beach; Ben R.
Adams, Dade City; George Howard, Or-
lando; Roy 0. Nelson, Ocala; F. W.
Chase, Sanford; S. Carey Colley, Mt.
Dora; George Epperson, San Antonio;
Robert J. Estes, Alturas; J. M. Fiske.
Orlando; J. S. Peters, Orlando; Joe E.
Keefe, Dundee; Dwight E. Lucas, Or-
lando; W. H. Mathews, Plymouth; John

C. Flake, Mims; and Willard G. Roe,
Winter Haven.

Florida Citrus Commission's "Go for
the Green" contest offers a 1968 automo-
bile and other prizes to food store man-
agers throughout the nation. Best dis-
plays of fresh Florida citrus will de-
termine winners.
Citrus caused the world's largest bottle
factory to be located in Florida. The
tremendous facility located in Manatee
County, is a subsidiary of Tropicana
Products. It occupies a large portion of
the company's 36 acre complex outside
of Bradenton. Over 500 tons of raw ma-
terials are required every day to keep
the plant running. The product is bot-
tles for Florida's growing chilled fresh
citrus juice industry.
A new orange layer cake is just on the
market. Full information is on page 15.

Floridians to attend



Florida will be represented at the
forthcoming National Peach Council's
annual convention and trade show in
Charleston, February 18'21. Marion
County's Arlen Jumper of Weirsdale,
who is president of the Florida Peach
Growers,. will attend along with Roger
Porker of Ocala, Grady Sweat of Balm
and Ralph Sharpe of the Florida Exper-
iment Station. Mr. Jumper is also a
member of the Florida Farm Bureau's
state board of directors. The Florida
Peach Growers organization is affiliated
with the National Peach Council which
has headquarters at 22 West Sherwood
Dr., St. Louis, Mo.
The Charleston convention will be
headquartered in the Jack Tar Francis
Marion Hotel. Theme of the meeting
will be: "Revolution in the Peach In-
dustry." There will be a seminar on
marketing; talks on harvesting, handling,
packaging, exhibits, dinners luncheons,
an oyster-shrimp roast, special tours of
the area and other activities during the
three-day meet.
Mr. Jumper said: "We are looking for-
ward to the first real commercial crop of
peaches from Central Florida in history,
providing we don't get a late freeze again
such as last year."




Farmaster ...

Here is the Farrowing Stall
that is .

P. O. BOX 160 DUBLIN, GA. 31021
PHONE 912/272-1659 or 272-1689

Floridian Honored




This month is the height of the winter
Rodeo season in Florida. (See Calendar
of events on page 5.) Here is an actual
photograph of one of America's earliest
known riders. Readers are invited to
identify the picture. Names of those sub-
mitting correct answers will be printed in
the next issue of this magazine. Send
replies to Editor, Florida Agriculture,
4350 SW 13th St., Gainesville, Florida.

Southern Farm Forum
Is Event of February
"Southern agriculture looks to the Fu-
ture" will be the theme of the 21st an-
nual Southern Farm Forum, which takes
place in Memphis February 29-March 1.
Purpose of the meeting is to exchange
ideas and information on problems af-
fecting Southern farmers, ranchers, agri-
businessmen and educators.
For the past 20 years the forum has
been held in New Orleans under spon-
sorship of that city's chamber of com-
merce. Beginning this month the event
will be alternated between Memphis and
New Orleans and sponsored by the
chambers of the two cities. Nationally
known speakers are scheduled to address
the forum.
For more informatio- write: Memphis
Farm Forum Committee, Box 224, Mem-
phis, Tenn. 38101. Phone 901-525-2741.
and ask for James A. Massey, Jr.

Fire destroyed an average of more
than half a million dollars of farm prop-
erty a day last year, according to the
Insurance Information Institute. (See
Florida Farm Bureau Insurance Com-
panies' announcement on page 5 of this

Central Fla. Experiment Station holds
open house at its new quarters in San-
ford, Feb. 21. See page 11 for more

Florida's Dr. E. T. York, Jr., provost
for agriculture at the University of Flor-
ida has received the Distinguished Serv-
ice Award for Outstanding Contribution
to the Nation's Agriculture. The award
was presented last month at a special
awards luncheon held in Miami by the
National Limestone Institute, Inc., at its
23rd annual convention. Other recipi-
ents of the award have included Senator
George D. Aiken, Senator George S. Mc-
Govern and Secretary of Agriculture
Orville L. Freeman.
Primary reason cited for Dr. York's
selection is his work in DARE (Develop-
ing Agricultural Resources Effectively)
program. The overall goal of the DARE
program is for an average yearly increase
in Florida farm income of $50 million.
So far, the state is running ahead of this
goal, according to information released
by the Uni. of Florida's news department.

Well Known Florida Farm
Supplier is 75 Years Old
The Wilson & Toomer Fertilizer Com-
pany is celebrating its 75th anniversary.
The firm has headquarters in Jackson-
ville and plants in that city plus Cotton-
dale, Tampa and Ft.
Pierce. The anni-
versary announce-
ment also told of
personnel changes.
Frank H. Arnall
and Wayne W.
Wells have b e e n
named vice presi-
dents of the firm.
Mr. Arnall is a
WELLS graduate of the Uni-
versity of Florida
and a veteran of
the Korean war. He
joined W&T in 1955
as a salesman, was
promoted to general
sales manager in
1965 and now heads
the firm's marketing.
Mr. Wells is a grad-
uate of Oklahoma
State University
and is a 17-year vet- ARNALL
eran with the firm,
having served as regional sales and tech-
nical supervisor and as manager of mar-
keting and development before being
named general manager of Florida Agri-
cultural Supply Co. This is the pesticide
division of W&T and Mr. Wells remains
in charge of this division. (Editor's note:
Wilson & Toomer is one of the two orig-
inal advertisers of this magazine.)

"And What is a weed? A plant whose
virtues have not been discovered". -
Ralph Waldo Emerson, 1803-82.

Florida Agriculture, February, 1968

r 7

Pictured above (left) are members of the Florida delegation
attending the multi-state conference in Mobile, Alabama.
They are, front row, left (nearest camera) in descending order,
Walter Welkner, Mrs. M. T. Crutchfield, Mrs. Welkner, Mrs.
Jack Frazier, AFBF President Charles Shuman, FFBF Presi-
dent Art Karst. Back row, in descending order, Charles Blair,
Administrative Assistant; Kent Doke, Commodity Director;
Mr. M. T. Crutchfield, Bruce Fullerton, Executive Vice Presi-
dent T. K. McClane, Wayne Boyette and Jack Allen.

The photo at right above was taken during a boat tour of
Mobile Harbor. It shows the skyline of Mobile in the back-
ground and ship loading and unloading in the foreground. The
picture was taken aboard the Alabama State Docks yacht.
Aboard were delegates from four states attending the AFBF
multi-state conference in Mobile, Alabama in January. (More
on the meeting is told in the story below.) (Both are FFBF
Information photographs.) (Mr. Shuman will address the
forthcoming Southern Farm Forum described on page 8.)

Florida Represented at AFBF Multi-State Meet

By Al Alsobrook, director, FFBF Department of Information

FFBF was represented at a recent
multi state conference held in
Mobile, Alabama. (Photos above.)
President Karst, Board Members
J. S. Allen, Wayne
Boyette, Bruce Ful-
lerton, Mrs. M. T.
Crutchfield, M r s.
Jack Frazier, Walter
Welkner and Execu-
tive Vice President
T. K. McClane, Jr.
Alsobrook made up the group
of elected FFBF of-
ficials attending.
Staff members attending included
Al Alsobrook, Information Director;
Kent Doke, Commodity Director
and Charles Blair, Administrative
Assistant. Mrs. Walter Welkener
and M. T. Crutchfield also attended.
The two and a half day meeting
included discussions of marketing
programs, group purchasing, na-
tional legislative issues, and duties
and responsibilities of state and
county board members.
Various discussion sessions were
led by AFBF President Charles
Shuman, AFBF Vice President
Walter Randolph, AFBF Legisla-

Florida Agriculture, February, 1968

tive Director and Jack Lynn and
AFBF Southern Region Field Di-
rectors Mack Guest and Warren
The schedule also included a boat
tour of the busy Mobile Harbor.
The tour was followed by a dinner
meeting, the compliments of the
Alabama State Docks and Gover-
nor Lurleen Wallace.
Representatives from Alabama,
Mississippi and Louisiana joined
with the Florida delegation for the
One of the main objectives of the
meeting was to prepare board
members and staff for the coming
policy execution meetings to be held
in all states in the next few months.
A conference of the type held in
Mobile is conducted every two
years in multi-state areas through-
out the United States to inform
and discuss problems facing AFBF
and the various state Farm Bureau

(Editor's Note: the two pictures
shown at top of the page were made
by the writer during the meeting
described in the above story.)

New Processing Manager
For Florida FB Insurance
Robin Edward "Ed" Henderson is
the new processing manager for Flor-
ida Farm Bureau Insurance Com-
panies. He formerly served as Super-
visor of the Cen-
tr a 1 processing
department in the
home office of
the Southern
Farm Bureau In-
surance Compan-
ies at Jackson,
A native of
Ridgeland, Miss.,
Ed has had years
of experience in the data processing
field. His initial training took place
in 1946 following his discharge from
the Marines when he became associ-
ated with the Mississippi Power and
Light Company; later with the Arkan-
as Farm Bureau Insurance Compan-
ies and the Southern Farm Bureau
Insurance Companies. As processing
manager for Florida Farm Bureau In-
surance Companies Ed will supervise
the activities of 50 employees in the
area of policy service. He and his
wife, Martha, are parents of four
children and members of the Baptist



Jim Turnbull, director, FFBF Dept. of Field Services

We are happy to report that our mem-
bership is climbing and at the date of this
writing, we have 31,795 members. This
is considerably more members than we
had at this time last year. We cannot
help but feel that credit should be given
to our county Farm Bureau secretaries
for speeding up their transmittal pro-
cedures. This one factor alone has helped
us tremendously; for example, in such
areas as having an earlier policy regis-
ter check.
We still need to push so that this
year our membership will be an increase
over our all-time high in 1967 and give
us a continuous growth for 27 years.
We are going to have our Presidents'
Conference on the 14th and 15th of Feb-
ruary here in Gainesville at which time
we will have a very interesting and in-
formative program for the presidents at-
tending. Participating on the program
this year along with our State President,
Art Karst, and our Executive Vice Pres-
ident, T. K. McClane, Jr., will be O. R.
Long, Director of Field Services for the
AFBF, and Mack Guest, the Southern
Region Area Field Service Director for
AFBF. Of course, our staff will be pre-
pared to give reports to the presidents
of their various activities of interest.
TBA Manager, Bob Jordan, plans to
distribute the TBA Service fee checks
to the county presidents at this time.
Tentative plans call for our spring dis-
trict meetings to be scheduled during the
week of March 4. We will be, of course,
in touch with each county well in ad-
vance of this date so you will hear more
about this by direct mail.
As most of you have read by now, we

have George Milicevic, Jr. representing
field district VI in South Florida as a
new addition to our field staff. He will
be working with our Farm Bureau folks
in that area and Ed Touchton, Jr. is now
in field district V and is becoming ac-
quainted with most of our folks in this
area. We know that you will assist them
so that they might better serve your in-
terests in their new areas of responsibil-
ity. (See photo top left, opposite page.)
As I begin to meet the challenge as
your field services director, I am more
than ever conscious of the opportunities
that we all have to serve Farm Bureau
and the interest of agriculture in this
state and nation. I sincerely solicit your
aid and your advice in this new endeavor
for me.

Madison FB's Jackie Jones, office sec-
retary, advises that the annual North
Florida Livestock Show and Sale will be
held Feb. 26, 27 at Madison. She says
that the event originated in a Farm
Bureau meeting held in March of 1954;
when the late A. D. Reams, then presi-
dent of the FB, appointed a committee
to formulate plans. The committee in-
cluded Dr. J. A. Divis, George Townsend,
Carl Bevis, O. R. Hamrick, Jr., (County
Agent), Henry Ivey, and Mr. Reams.

Santa Rosa FB's Dick Finlay of Jay
presented the organization's annual
"Farm Family Award" last month to Mr.
and Mrs. Leon Shell of the Cora com-
munity. Each year a joint committee
representing the Chamber of Commerce
and the County Farm Bureau makes the

selection of a winning family. The pres-
entation of the award is given at the
chamber's annual banquet, which took
place last month at the Scenic Hills
Country Club. Mr. Shell has held offices
in the Santa Rosa FB and is presently on
several agricultural boards. Mr. and Mrs.
Shell have a daughter and two sons. Mr.
Finlay is a past president of the Santa
Rosa FB and is currently a member of
the FFBF's state board of directors.

Hernando's County Fair takes place
Feb. 27-Mar. 2 at Brooksville according
to an announcement made by the Her-
nando County FB office.

Indian River FB's J. R. (Rip) Graves
of Vero Beach, has been reappointed a
director on the Farm Credit Board of
Columbia. His appointment is for a three
year term as director-at-large. Mr.
Graves is a native of DeFuniak Springs
and presently is president of the Graves
Brothers Company which owns sub-

Below--St. Lucie FB honored long-
time Farm Bureau leader Charles F.
(Fran) Fawcett, Jr. recently. Here St.
Lucie FB President B. E. Alderman, Jr.
(left) of Ft. Pierce is seen presenting the
FB's "Founder's Award," a silver pic-
ture to Mr. Fawcett for his service to the
organization. Mr. Fawcett is a former
member of the FFBF's state board of
directors and he also served several terms
as state treasurer. He was an officer in
the Orange County Farm Bureau before
moving to St. Lucie. (Ft. Pierce News-
Tribune Photo and secured for this issue
by Mrs. Dorothy Smith, St. Lucie FB
office secretary.)

This picture was made at the Orange
County Farm Bureau building in Or-
lando earlier this month when that or-
ganization "kicked off" its membership
drive. Pictured here are (1 to r): John
Talton, Apopka, Orange FB President;
Jack Ross, Oakland, Secretary-treasurer,
Jerry J. Chicone, Jr., Orlando, vice pres-
ident and Jack Christmas, Apopka, mem-
bership drive chairman. The 10-day drive
was scheduled to end at about the same
time this issue of FA is being read. Re-
sults of the effort to obtain 2500 members
will be announced on this page next is-
sue. (Photo courtesy: Elizabeth Rus-
sell, Orange Office Secretary.)

Florida Agriculture, February, 1968




* a monthly round-up of activities on the local Farm Bureau level including ideas which may be duplicated by other counties.
Items reported by members of the FFBF Field Staff (see photos above); County Farm Bureaus; the FFBF Information Department
and the editorial staff of this magazine. (See "Letters to Editor" column on page 19.)

stantial citrus acreage and operates a
fresh fruit packing house at Wabasso.

Hendry FB's directors, last month,
heard a talk by Clarence Knecht, engi-
neering advisor to the Water Uses of
Florida Ass'n in Clewiston. He told about
his organization's study of the Lake Okee-
chobee water situation, which is presently
under a $400,000 three year study by the
U.S. Corps of Engineers. The meeting
was held in LaBelle. Milt Thomas of
LaBelle, long-time FB leader, was elected
to the Hendry FB's board.

Broward FB Women held a dinner
meeting earlier this month at the Cat-
fish House in Margate. (Note a photo of
Broward's new county office building was
pictured on this page last month).

DeSoto FB has moved its headquar-
ters into a new location. It now occupies
a two-room carpeted, air-conditioned of-
fice space in the Coke Building at Ar-
cadia. The office has the same telephone
number and mailing address but has all
new furniture. The organization spon-
sored a booth in the recent County Fair
held in Arcadia to publicize the FB serv-
ice programs.

Columbia FB directors and their wives
were hosts to County Agricultural Agent
and Mrs. Neal Dukes at their recent
dinner meeting held at Dick and Eddy's
Restaurant in Lake City, last month.

Pasco FB's board has scheduled its
next meeting for February 15 at the FB's
office in Dade City according to Ernest-
ine Sadler, office secretary.

Broward FB President Neal Vinke-
mulder of Pompano Beach has thanked
this magazine for an item which ap-
peared in the last issue. It concerned
efforts of that County to have a Fair.
Mr. Vinkemulder says that the FB there
is working with the County Agent on the

Jackson's FB's board heard a discus-
sion on insecticides and pesticides at its
January meeting. Principal speaker was
Doyle Golden of the State Department
of Agriculture. The meeting took place
at the Agricultural Building in Mari-

Florida Agriculture, February, 1968

FFBF Fieldman Charles Blair of
Marianna, has been appointed Ad-
ministrative Assistant. The post was
created by the FFBF
board of directors at its
January meeting (See
Mr. McClane's column
on page 3). Charles
will operate out of the
Gainesville office and
plans to move his fam-
ily to that city as soon
BLAIR as possible. He will
continue to serve his
fieldman district until a qualified
West Florida Field representative is
employed. He has served district 1,
since 1964. This area comprises: Bay,
Calhoun, Escambia, Gulf, Holmes,
Jackson, Liberty, Okaloosa, Santa
Rosa, Walton and Washington coun-

Palm Beach's L. E. Larson, president
of the Larson Dairy, West Palm Beach,
has received an award of merit by the
Farm Bureau Insurance Companies. Pre-
sentation was made last month by Special
Representative David Nelson and Agent
Lloyd Benson, who work out of the Palm
Beach FB office. Mr. Larson is on the
board of directors of the National Milk
Producers Federation and is currently
serving his sixth term as president of the
Independent Dairymen's Ass'n.

Orange FB's Jerry Chicone, Jr., Or-
lando, is a member of the newly organ-
ized agri-business committee of the Or-
lando Area Chamber of Commerce. He is
vice president and chairman of his FB's
public relations committee. The Commit-

Union County FB leaders, last month,
saw movies on safety presented by FFBF
Safety Director, George Cappe. The
meeting was held in the Worthington
Springs Woman's Clubhouse. Among
those present were L to R: Mrs. Lowell
Shadd; Mr. Shadd (sec.-treas.); Mr. and
Mrs. Olen Parrish; Mrs. Roy Crawford;
Mr. Crawford (president); Mr. and Mrs.
S. M. Brown; Mrs. Bryan Hendricks;
Mrs. Bilbur Croft and Mrs. Jerry Las-
cola, FB office secretary. (Both Mr.
Hendricks and Mr. Croft were absent due
to illness.)

tee also includes in its membership: T. G.
Lee, one of the original organizers of the
Orange FB; Henry Swanson, county agri-
cultural agent; a banker; fruit processor;
tractor dealer; TV agricultural broadcast-
er; and other leading agricultural leaders
of the area. At its first meeting the com-
mittee was informed that Orange is 20th
among the nation's 3079 counties in value
of agricultural income and that agricul-
ture is extremely important to the eco-
nomic well-being of the community.

Polk County has a citrus tea this month.
It takes place February 24 in the Lake-
land Civic Center Auditorium, according
to the Polk FB, which advises that spon-
sorship is the City of Lakeland and the
Co-ordinating council of the Women's
Clubs. (See pages 6 & 7 for more about

Seminole County's new Central Florida
Experimental station house will be dedi-
cated February 21, starting at 9:30 a.m.
Open house will be held in the morning
and a vegetable field day will follow in
the afternoon from 1:30 to 4:30 p.m. The
station is located on Celery Avenue, one
mile east of the old station site at San-
ford. Topics to be covered during the af-
ternoon include promising new crops, nu-
trition, insect and nematode control, ir-
rigation studies, black speck of cabbage
and weed control in vegetables.

Hernando FB reports that the county
fair to be held in Brooksville this month
takes place Feb. 27 thru March 2.

St. Lucie County's annual fair also
comes up this month. It runs from Feb.
25 through March 2, the St. Lucie FB


Rural Youth Section

Citrus Queen Reign Ends;
Successor to be Named
The year-long reign of Florida's Citrus Queen comes to an
end this month. A new queen will be selected during the an-
nual Florida Citrus Showcase which is held in Winter Haven
February 16-24. Miss Patty Bohannon (left) of Orlando will
crown her successor at the annual coronation ball to be held
Wednesday night Feb. 21. (Last month "Queen Patty" pro-
moted Florida fresh citrus in Boston, Birmingham. Asheville,
Knoxville and Chicago.) Selection of the new queen is now
being made, secretly, according to Bill Carter, contest chair-
man. He said that contestants are from Tampa, St. Peters-
burg, Orlando, Lakeland, Miami, Jacksonville, Tallahassee,
Pensacola, Gainesville, Arcadia, Winter Park, West Palm Beach
and that others were expected before the closing time. The
new queen receives $1000.00 in cash and a long list of other
prizes. (See page 13 of the December issue of this magazine
for details). Her picture will appear on this page next month.
(See page 6 for more on citrus).

A high school money-making project
didn't turn out exactly as planned last
month. In Willard, Mo., the student
council decided to hold a "car smash" to
raise money. They secured an old car
free from an auto salvage firm and bor-
rowed sledge hammers so they could bat-
ter the car as hard as they wished. The
council took in $20 from spectators but
had to use it to replace the broken sledge
hammers they had borrowed.

Holmes County's Dayna Robosky, of
Route 1, Bonifay, recently attended the
annual National 4-H Club Congress at
Chicago. She was Holmes County's out-
standing 4-H Club member of 1967 and
a state winner in her horse project. She
is a senior in Holmes County High School
and the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John
Robosky, who live on a ranch east of

Bonifay. She has been a 4-H club mem-
ber for seven years and other projects in-
clude clothing, foods, public speaking,
recreation, freezing, canning and photo-

$17,050 was paid to Marlene Wiseman,
a young Iowa farm girl recently. She re-
ceived that amount from the Chicago
Mercantile Exchange as payment for her
International Grand Champion Steer
named "Modern".

Georgia's Donna Denton appeared on
the TV "Original Amateur Hour" one
day earlier this season. Before the pro-
gram ended she was booked to sing at the
National Peanut Festival in Dothan, Ala.
(More on this later-editor).

A Colorado ranch accepts boys and
girls as students in the summer. The idea
originated back in 1931 and has grown
more popular each year, according to an

(Left) Tina Cole of CBS Television's
"My Three Sons" models a glanmrous
cape which is knitted on one needle
and easier to knit than a sweater. It
molds itself gently to the body and
features a soft swing in the back.
Designer Ursula duBois Lewis says
that teenagers will love the cape and
sweater too. To obtain the pattern:
request Glamor Cape No. 221 and
send 75 cents to Ursula duBois Lewis,
Florida Agriculture, Box 3307, Van
Nuys, Calif. 91407. The sweater pat-
tern is No. 153 and costs $1.

item in the current Colorado Rancher and
Farmer magazine. Each summer begin-
ning the last of June some 30 to 40 boys
and girls between ages of 14 and 18 stay

(Below) Brown-eyed Susan Holder,
20, Jackson, Miss., who was recently
selected 1968 Maid of Cotton. She
will make appearances in 35 U.S.
cities as well as in foreign countries
as ambassadress for the cotton indus-
try. (For information about partici-
pation in next year's cotton queen
contest write Editor, FA, 4350 S.W.
13th St.. Gainesville, Fla.)

Florida Agriculture, February, 1968

at the ranch for an 8-week period. The
cost is $670. Students are provided mod-
ern housing and good wholesome food,
according to the magazine article, which
says they are also "taught the basic
fundamentals of riding, using English
saddles on Thoroughbred horses. Recre-
ational activities include pack and fishing
trips and others, but students also take
part in ranch work activity such as stack-
ing hay bales, fencing, moving cattle, put-
ting out salt, currying bulls or whatever
needs to be done. Girls take turns in
helping out in the ranch house. For
more information write the Editor, Flor-
ida Agriculture, 4350 SW 13th St.,
Gainesville, Florida.

Strawberry Queen of 1968 will be
named March 7, at 7:30 p.m. in the Plant
City Fairgrounds. The event is a high-
light of the Strawberry Festival, which
is pirt of the annual Hillsborough Coun-
ty Fair, March 4-9. Another event of
interest to the very young is the annual
Baby Parade before the grandstand on
March 8th.

The FFA state dairy cattle show takes
place Feb. 12-17 at the Fla. State Fair in
Tampa. Also this month annual "FFA
Week" comes up. It runs from the 17th
through 24th.

"Miss SunFlavor" 1968 is being select-
ed at the Florida State Fair at about the
t'ame time this issue is read. (See page
13 of the December issue of this maga-
zine for more details). The winner's pic-
ture will appear on this page next issue.
The fair runs through the 17th. An-
other highlight of the fair of interest to
youth is the return of Dave Merrifield,
known as the "daring young man on the
flying trapeze". Still another is the an-
nual youth beef shows.

Madison County's sixth grade student,
James Durden, Route 2, Box 147, Mad'-
son, is winner of last month's "English"
contest. Readers of this page were in-
vited to suggest homonyms with agricul-
tural definitions for each of 20 words
listed. Terms of the contest stipulated
that in event of a tie the earliest post-
mark would be declared winner. Entrees
from others were correct too, but James'
letter was the earliest. The contest proved
to be the most popular one ever spon-
sored by this magazine. Entrees came
from all sections of the state with 153
separate cities represented. There were
more entrees from Bonifay than from any
other place; followed by DeFuniak
Springs, Dade City, Hilliard, Trenton,
Immokalee, Ft. Myers, Bradenton. Lake
Butler and Deland. A single entree came
from San Diego, Calif. Florida Agricul-
ture extends congratulations to all the
good English students who submitted

Farm Quote: "Anybody can be good in
the country; there are no temptations
there." -William Allen White, 1898-1944.


By Bobby Bennett, Director, FFBF Records Program

Doesn't everybody want to save tax
dollars? Of course they do, but often
people overlook ways to save.
Probably, the two most often over-
looked tax savings mechanisms are in-
vestment credit and capital gains and
losses. Just what do these two terms
mean? How can they help you save
Investment credit was designed by
the Federal Government to serve as
an incentive for businesses to replace
equipment more often. Farmers must
frequently replace their equipment,
but often do not take advantage of
the important tax savings feature of
investment credit.
For instance, a tractor costing
$5,000 with an estimated useful life of
six years could allow an "investment
credit" of $233.33. This means that
after the tax return is completed
$233.33 could be deducted from his
tax bill. This is a dollar for.dollar tax
saving as compared to a ductible ex-
pense which would give him only 20c
or 30c tax saving on each dollar.
How did we arrive at the $233 fig-
ure? Under the rules governing "in-
vestment credit" equipment with an
estimated life of eight or more years
qualifies for a maximum "investment
credit" of 7% of the purchase price.
If the life of the equipment is six or
seven years, the "investment credit" is
2/3 of that 7% and equipment with
a life of only four or five years has
an "investment credit" of 1/3 of 7%.
Machinery is the principal type of
property which qualifies for "invest-
ment credit." The credit is not avail-
able on livestock or on real property,
except in certain cases.
Fences used for confining livestock,
certain storage facilities, i.e. grain
bins, silos, paving barnyards, wells
used for watering livestock, and drain-
age tiles do qualify.
Used equipment will also qualify
for "investment credit" if it has a re-
maining useful life of at least four
years. There are certain limitations
on the maximum value of used equip-
ment which can be purchased in any
one year.
Should you sell a piece of equip-
ment before its established life has
been used, you must repay the portion
of the "investment credit" to which
you are not entitled. The full amount
of "investment credit" may be claimed
in the year you purchased the equip-
ment even if you bought it on the last

day of your tax year.
Capital gains and losses is another
means through which a farmer can
save some tax dollars-if he manages
wisely. A farmer who is not incorpor-
ated or one who is paying his farm
taxes on an individual tax return
must pay taxes on only 50% of the
income realized from the sale of raised
breeding stock or production animals
(such as dairy cows) if he shows their
sale on the schedule "D" of his in-
come tax form.
We have found many farmers are
showing the sales on the 1040 F and
paying taxes on the full sale price
for livestock such as cows, dairy cows,
or beef brood cows.
In order to qualify for capital gains
and loss declarations, the law says the
livestock must be held for draft, dairy
or breeding purposes for 12 months
or more. Before you can take advan-
tage of this savings and can ade-
quately defend what you are doing,
you must be able to differentiate be-
tween your raised breeding stock, or
dairy animals and your purchased
ones at the time of sale.
The purchased animals have capi-
tal gain or loss treatment based on
the remaining value in the animal
after depreciation. The gain or loss
treatment of raised animals is based
upon the total sale price. In both
cases, however, you will pay taxes on
only 50% of gain, if you are filing on
the 1040 schedule "D."
These are but two examples of how
you can save tax dollars through wise
management. Florida Farm Bureau
Records Service, because of its exper-
ience and knowledge of farm tax prob-
lems, can assist farmers in managing
more wisely by keeping its clients well
informed. The service gives farmers
a current adequate and accurate rec-
ord of a farmer's business on a month
to month basis. This makes it easier
to plan ahead. If you would like ad-
ditional information concerning the
services available through Florida
Farm Bureau Farm Records, please
contact your local Farm Bureau office
and ask them to get in touch with
Bobby Bennett, director of FFBF
Records Service, or contact Bennett
directly at 4350 S. W. 13th Street,
Gainesville, Florida 32601.

Florida Agriculture, February, 1968

Pullover & Stole


By Mrs. Marvin Crutchfield, FFBF's Women's Chairman

This matching pair is for feminine
readers who know how to look pretty
and sporting at the same time. The
sweater is styled with raglan sleeves
and a plain neckline; the stole is
fringed. You can knit this set in
misses' sizes 12-18. Use white knit-
ting worsted for the main color with
black and emerald green for the pat-
terned border. Free instructions are
available by sending a self-addressed
envelope to Martha Zehner, Florida
Agriculture, 4350 SW 13th St., Gaines-


J By J. M. Amberson, M.D.

If he is on his way to high school
it is serious indeed.
Infants and young children derive
pleasure from touching things with
their lips and tongue. Obviously.
adults do too. Witness the great num-
ber of adult smokers and gum chewers.
Thumbsucking or other similar hab-
its like hair twirling, ear twisting or
blanket sucking, usually cause more
concern to the parents than they do
harm to the child. By the age of six,
a child should put away these habits
(although he may pick up others just
as objectionable).
Don't nag the youngster about his
thumbsucking or whatever seemingly
weird habit he has developed. He will
probably stop it on his own if you are
relaxed and gentle in your admoni-
If you are worried about the habit,
have your child seen by his pedia-

This month I am pleased to print an
interesting story entitled "History of the
Kitchens." I'm sure you'll enjoy it and
your comments would be appreciated.
--Jessie Ann Crutchfield

Stone-age farmers lived in rectangular
wooden structures with only two rooms-
but one of them was clearly a kitchen.
This area, with its hearth and clay oven,
was walled off from the main living room.
Excavations near Aichbuhl, Germany
have revealed these and other facts about
early kitchens.
When the ancient Greeks later added
a second story to their houses, the
kitchen, oddly enough, was usually lo-
cated on the second floor. The Greeks
must have had a very enthusiastic word
for good cuisine-for they valued copper
cooking pots so highly that they bestowed
them as prizes in Olympic games!
Roman kitchens, as revealed by exca-
vations at Pompeii, were usually equip-
ped with a large brazier on legs; it
contained burning charcoal over which
one basin could simmer. In wealthier
homes, there was a "range" of brick or
stone containing a number of holes, so
that several dishes could be cooked at
In Northern Europe, early housewives
cooked over a fire built on the floor in
the center of the room. When they bent
over a hot stove, it was to warm them-
selves, not the food-for stoves, in that
period, were used to heat the house and
not to cook the meals.
During the Middle Ages, some of the
finest kitchens and best cooks were
found in monasteries! The kitchens
located in separate buildings, were equip-
ped for large-scale cooking, baking and
brewing. There were low arched recesses
in the walls where fires could be regu-
lated more easily than was the case when
they burned in the middle of the floor.
Roasting was done on rotating spits
which had dripping pans below, and
cooking pots hung suspended on hooks
over the fire.
Early 16th century French kitchens
made extensive use of wood, for the com-
mon people ate their meals from wooden
plates, cups and bowls. The table at
which they sat was often just a crude
plank of wood on a trestle. But the rich
had "great tables" of elaborately carved
wood, frequently walnut. From the
French word banc, for the bench on
which the diners sat, we get our word
An ingenious French contribution to
a "banquet" was the pressure cooker-
few people know that the first one was
invented in 1680! In that year, the
Frenchman Denis Papin exhibited a

"new Digester or Engine for softening
bones" to the Royal Society of London.
Papin and the members of the Society
sat down to a meal cooked in his "Engine
-the first pressure-cooked repast ever
In colonial America, things were much
more rugged. The kitchen fireplace was
commonly used for cooking until about
1760, when use of the stove became more
prevalent. Chiefly responsible for this
advance was Benjamin Franklin, who in
1742 invented the stove which bears his
name. The Franklin stove was a kind
of metal fireplace which could be set
inside a regular open fireplace to save
fuel and give off more heat.
By the 1800's, most American homes
had a large kitchen, the most important
room in the house. It served nearly
every purpose from cooking, dining and
sitting to laundry, bath and parlor. In
the sod houses or log cabins that dotted
the midwestern prairies at that time, the

Women of colonial America who
who cooked meals for their families
over open fires would be amazed at
the "wonders" in today's kitchens.

kitchen was at one end of the single
room, with the opposite side reserved
for sleeping.
Extensive use of wood-wooden beams
or, in pioneer settlements, walls made of
logs-gave early American kitchens their
rustic charm. The quality is still fav-
ored in many kitchens today, to achieve
the country look with Canadian Birch
The kitchen cabinet is such a stand-
ard feature that many people assume it
has been in use for ages. This was a
20th century improvement-like the elec-
tric toaster, dishwasher and garbage dis-
posal unit. It was first used in the
Middle West, as an adaptation of the
German kitchen cupboard.
The kitchen of tomorrow is already on
the way. Ovens that can cook entire

Florida Agriculture, February, 1968

Orange Layer Cake

For Citrus Month*

*The story on page 6 tells why February is called
"Citrus Month" by this magazine. For this occasion
the editors have selected as the recipe of the month
this mincemeat orange chiffon cake with orange hard
sauce. The recipe was developed in the kitchens of
Betty Crocker and is described as "luscious and light
with real orange flavor plus delicious bits of real
orange peel." The frosting has a tangy orange flavor
too and is said to be the first creamy orange frosting
mix on the market. The free recipe gives directions
for making both the chiffon cake and the orange
hard sauce. For a copy write Martha Zehner, Flor-
ida Agriculture, 4350 SW 13th St., Gainesville, Fla.

meals in seconds by infrared heat a
combination refrigerator beverage dis-
penser-ice maker a movable range
that can be wheeled from kitchen to
patio are just a few of the already-de-
signed appliances that may become
standard kitchen equipment within a
few years.
(The above story was written for this
magazine by the editors of Precis, 220
West 42nd St.. New York.)

How mine eyes have been enlightened
because I have tasted a little of this
honey.-I Samuel 14:29

Women's World is one of the highlight
attractions at the Florida State Fair,
which runs through February 17 in Tam-
pa. This colorful display features fash-
ion shows and other live action events
for women. The American Hibiscus show
and other horticultural exhibits together
with the Fine Arts Exhibition serve to
underline culture's important contribu-
tion to Florida Fair, according to an an-
nouncements from the Fair's headquar-
ters. These are in addition to the coun-
ty booths which will display items of in-
terest to women as well as other mem-
bers of the family. Altogether the ex-
hibits, housed in 22 permanent buildings,
would fill 50 average sized city blocks.
They include milinery and paper cloth-
ing ideas; "outdoor living electrically"
and many others. More than $60,000 in
premiums will b. awarded during the 12
day run of Florida's annual agricultural
(Editor's Note: A more complete story
about the fair appeared in the last issue
of this magazine, together with the full
program on page 5).

Florida Agriculture, February, 1968

"It was a meal to remember, but routine
for the long-time family cook. The dam-
ask-laid table was set with old family
silver and white and gold bone china.
Flanking the silver bowl of early pink
camellias were small cut-glass dishes con-
taining watermelon-rind pickles and fig
"First came a fresh fruit cocktail
which included the sweet almondy bitter
of late Georgia peaches. Then, baked
hen and dressing passed on a garnished
silver platter, followed immediately by
another great platter of baked Wilkes
County ham. The invariable Southern
combination of chicken (fried, baked or
broiled or otherwise) with baked country
ham is a marriage most surely made in
heaven. Rice and gravy are always
served with them of course, and every
grain of rice must stand apart. (Every
grain did.)
"Vegetables were all fresh from the
host's early fall garden. Tender young
butter beans. Small pods of okra cooked
in butter. Corn souffle. Candied sweet
potatoes. A salad of curly green garden
lettuce and tomatoes. Two kinds of hot
bread, of course-feather-light rolls and
corn-meal egg bread.
"Finally, tall glasses of sillabub, that
airy mixture of milk, cream, sugar and
sherry, always made in a special churn
at the very last moment before serving
-The above is from page 273 of the

book "White Columns in Georgia." The
writer, Medora Field Perkerson, has des-
cribed a Sunday dinner at which she was
a guest during her tour of the state when
writing the book. The dinner took place
in a Washington, Georgia pre-Civil War
home which was a stopping place for
Mrs. Jefferson Davis and children during
their flight from Richmond. Mr. Davis
(The Confederate President) was later
captured outside of Washington, Ga.
Some of the Confederate gold is sup-
posed to be buried near Washington, ac-
cording to Mrs. Perkerson's book, which
pictures 112 Greek Revival homes
throughout Georgia.

Tangerines are good for cold relief.
They contain the decongestant, syne-
phrine, prescribed by doctors for relief
of the common cold. Eight to 12 ounces
of tangerine juice are equivalent to 100
mg.-From Ford Almanac. (See more
about citrus, page 6).

"Vitamins A,D,E and K occur only in
fats and are best assimilated with fats.
Fats add to the pleasure we get out of
eating. They make foods taste good and
satisfying".-Corn Products Food Tech-
nology Inst.

"After a good dinner, one can forgive
anybody, even one's own relatives." -
Oscar Wilde.

"A Marriage Most Surely

Made in Heaven"

A 30-member housewife taste panel has been established to test evalua-
tions for frozen concentrated orange juice and orange juice packed in glass
or paper. The panel, appointed by the Florida Canner's Ass'n, will meet
on an alternating weekly basis. Special testing booths have been built at
Winter Haven for use in the housewife and industry taste test panels.

Rate: 100 per word; min $2. Display $10 col inch.
P. O. Box 7605, Orlando, Florida 32804.

Book manuscripts wanted. All subjects
considered. Fiction, non-fiction, Religious
studies, Poetry, Juveniles and others.
Submit your manuscript to
American Press Publications, Inc.
Dept. C
282 Seventh Ave., New York 1, N.Y.
LYRICWRITERS-Write songs with writers who write
hits for top Nashvil'e artists. Globe, 420 Broad,
Dept. FM, Nashville, Tenn. 37203.

Book Authors!
Join our successful authors in a comrn- RE
plete and reliable publishing program:
publicity, advertising, handsome books.
Send for FREE report on your manu-
script & copy of How To PublIsh Your
84 Fifth Ave., New York, 10011
MONEY SPARE TIME opportunity We pay at the
rate of $10.00 per year for nothing but your opinions,
written from home about our clients' products and
publications, sent to you free. Nothing to buy, sell,
canvas or learn. No skill. No gimmicks. Just honesty.
Details from Research, 669, Mineola, N.Y. 11501.
Dept. JC-16.
OVERSEAS JOBS-Australia, Europe, South America,
Far East, etc., Openings in all trades and professions.
$400 to $2,500 monthly. Free information, write
National Employment Service (Foreign Division) Box
2235 A.M.F. Miami, Fla. 33159.
BELIEVE IT OR NOT manure has a tremendous profit
potential. If you are not presently taking advantage
of this potential from your chicken, cattle, horse
or hog manure, write for free literature, No obliga-
tion. P. O. Box 8802, Orlando, Fla. 32806.
TRAINED REGISTERED Catahoula Leopard Cow Hog
Dogs. Money back guarantee. Pups. Charles Whitner,
Roxton, Texas 75477. Phone 214 Fl 6-3241.
CALF CREEP FEEDERS. 30 Bu. capacity $88.50. Dealer-
ships available. Free literature. Dolly Enterprises, 202
Main, Colchester, III. 62326.


Supplier of a Complete Line
of Quality Irrigation Equipment

511 So. 4th St.

Ft. Pierce

backhoes, pumps, pick-ups, etc. Saine Company, Inc.
314 Piedmont St., Orlando, F;a.
FREE KODACOLOR FILM with roll developed and
enlarged. 8 or 12 exposures $1.98. 20 exposures
$3.25. Failures credited. Send this ad with order.
Skrudland Photo, Dept. FA, Lake Geneva, Wisconsin
QUALITY HEARING AIDS-1/3 Dealer's Prices. No
salesmen. Easy terms. Latest models. Sensational
Battery Chargers. Lloyd's, P. O. Box 1645FA, Rock-
ford, Illinois 61110.


Postpaid. Free information, pictures. SHAWNEE,
3934 C Buena Vista, Dallas, Tex. 75204

HOLSTEINS. Registered or Grades-Cows, Heifers or
Calves. Make your selections direct from the farms
or will fill your order to your satisfaction. John M.
Smith, Box 63, Williamston, Michigan 48895. Phone


2BE How o start or improve your herd Buld financial lu
*u mus tture fullak or pmor e eap t ta advanr asof
capital mains cattle depreciation Thousands have
put thler acreage to work yearrourid Booklet and
2500 allowan ece rtificate by return mail. Satislac
after you place your d Send 25c wiorder.th youAvailabler nanytimed ddries
Rlaling Ridge Ranch
eli 2 ox 436 J Bainbridge, Ohio 45612
2 to 12 weeks old delivered
directly to you on approval
You must take 25 head or more. We deliver 7 days
after you place your order. Available anytime. Prices
delivered: 2 to 4 weeks old each-Holstein Heifers
$45: Ho:stein Bulls $39.50; Guernsey Heifers $42.50;
Angus Hol. Cross $46. Six to 7 weeks old Holstein
Heifers $55; Holstein Bulls $55; Guernsey Heifers $50;
Angus Hal. Cross $55. Eight to 10 weeks Old -
Holstein Heifers $65; Guernsey Heifers $62.50; Angus
Bulls or Heifers $65; Holstein Bulls $60. Twelve
weeks old Holstein Heifers $77.50; Guernsey Heifers
$75; Holstein Bulls $72.50.
Call or write
Bonduel, Wisconsin 54107
Phone area code 715-758-4741
AT STUD: only Reg. Belgian Stallion in Confederacy;
one ton, 18 hands, deep roan. Fr. Emmet C. Smith,
6271 52nd St. No., Pinellas Park, Fla.
WANTED: milk plant manager for SS Hope. Sailing
scheduled for Feb. 29 for Ceylon. For information
about this trip or the next one write: Dairy Society
International, 1145 Nineteenth St., NW, Washington,
D.C. 20036.
FARMER'S MART. Information about advertising on
this page. Write P. O. Box 7605, Orlando, Fla. 32804.
WORLD MIXTURE, deceased stamp dealers' stock.
$1.00. No fol-ow up or approvals. Menehune Stamp
Co., P. 0. Box 1098, Honolulu, Hawaii 96808.
BUY HUNDREDS OF ITEMS wholesale, many below
wholesale. Gigantic savings, loaded with money
making information. Details 10. Carman, 350 Grove-
port, Columbus, Ohio, 43207.
TYPEWRITER RIBBON. Factory fresh 50 cents. $5.22
dozen. Specify machine. Koppel, 1191 NW 112 Ter-
race, Miami, Fla. 33168.
ZIP CODE DIRECTORY. Every U.S. postoffice listed-
approx 35,000 zip codes at fingertips. wholesale:
$1.00 (How many?) Mailmart, Carrollton, Kentucky
BIBLE QUESTIONS answered. Write Earl Finch, Box
53, Wayne, Mich. 48184. No Obligation.
VIEWCARD COLLECTORS: breaking up collection. No
chromes. 30 for $1. America's only all Hobby
Magazine. "The Hobby Digest". Sample copy 25f.
Record Bonaza: 40 different, new. Many recent hits.
40 for $3.75. 100 different $8.75. Evarts, 4464M
Morefield, Pittsburg, Pa. 15214.
FARMER'S MART. This page reaches over 35,000
Florida Families.
AFRICAN VIOLETSI 3 small plants $1.35. Growing
and Care instruction folder 350. "Money Tree" 60
seeds 350. Mrs. Glaser, 1645FA-Arden, Staten Island,
New York 10312.
600 ASSORTED SWEET ONION Plants with free
planting guide $3 postpaid. TOPCO "home of the
sweet onion". Farmersvil;e, Texas 75031.
RABBITS. Raise Rabbits for us on $500 month plan.
Free details. White's Rabbitry, Mt. Vernon, Ohio
CONNECTICUT. Privacy-seven wooded acres. 15
miles Hartford. Florida-type year round home plus
convertible block building, $35,000. Fenros, Vernon,
Conn. 06086.
160 ACRES. Some water. $150 per acre. $5,000 down.
10 yrs., 5 percent. Excellent value. Morse & Co.,
Realtors, 2201 S Bay St., Eustis, Fla. 357-4174.
FOR SALE. 40 acres high and dry, 660 feet on small
lake. Also 40 acres high and dry, 1320 feet on
county road, school bus, phone, mail and electricity.
All or part, $300 per acre. R. O. Evans, Ph. 749-2293,
Box 163, Barbervill.e, Fla.
ONE TRACT IN IOWA, 1300 acres, highly improved
at $525 per acre. For complete information write Van
Dyke Carlson, Agency, Spirit Lake, Iowa.

Angus Bulls


Registered bulls, mostly by our top
herd sire Hidden Hills OB 53, a
grandson of the famous Bardolier-
mere 2.
Also a good selection of yearling
bulls and heifers ideal for 4-H and
FFA members.

Ph. 683-5134, 683-1464
Rt. 1, Box 356-0

Serving Florida's Agriculture
Since 1934

Skilled Field Representatives

Sharing Program

Custom Mixing


Fertilizer Cooperative
312 N. Buena Vista Dr. Phone 372-1101

Secretary Training. 250 N. Orange, Citizens Building,
Orlando, Fla. Ph. 423-2536.
LEARN AUCTIONEERING. Term soon. Free Catalog.
Reisch Auction College, Mason City 71, Iowa 50401
AUCTIONEERING. Resident and Home Study Courses.
Veteran Approved. Diploma granted. Auction School,
Ft. Smith, Ar.
FOR SALE: Nameplates, badges, truck signs, decals,
Pressure sensitive labels. Free catalog, samples and
quotations. Seton Nameplate Corp. Dept. FM, New
Haven, Conn, 06505.
FARROWING STALLS. Complete $24.95. Dealership
available. Free literature. Dolly Enterprises, 202 Main,
Colchester, III. 62326.

were sold last year by members of societies, clubs,
groups, etc. They enable you to earn money for
your treasury and make friends for your organization.
Sample FREE to Official
SANGAMON MILLS, INC. Cohoes, N.Y. 12047
Established 1915
IT'S FUN Raising Funds-with a Hat Party. $50.00
to $250.00 easy for Civic or Church groups. Write
Best Fashions, Box 91, Charlotte, N.C. 28202.
LADIES, send 101 for 10 yds. of lace and our price
list of bargains Mission Service, Center, Box 897,
Apopka, Fla. 32703.
NEED EXTRA MONEY? List of 50 firms wanting home-
workers. Hurry. Send $1 to Carman, 350 Groveport
Rd., Columbus, Ohio 43207.
FIBRE, Feathers, Jewelry, Handicrafts. Discount Cata-
log 250. Flocraft, Farrel, Pa. 16121.
CORN COB SYRUP RECIPE wanted. Anyone knowing
how to make this old time farm favorite Is urged to
write the editor. Recipe with donor's name will be
printed in next issue. Send to Editor, FA, 4350 SW
13th St., Gainesville.


For the Finest in
Brahman Chute Farm & Ranch Scales
Beefmaster Chute Pick-up Stake Racks
Loading Chutes Portable Corrals
Stock Oilers Calf Cradle
Branding Iron Heaters
Jack Cullison or Jake Holland
Phone 629-5050 or 629-2171
4900 N.W. Blitchton Rd.
(U.S. Highway 27, Just West of 1-75


... WITH


(Bill Dickerson)
P. 0. BOX 367 (904) 481-2345

Right to Work Law Seen
Aid to Economic Growth
Recently in its letters to editor column
the Orlando Sentinel printed comments
from a reader concerning the Right to
Work law. The writer said: "Section
14-b of the Taft Hartley Act gives no
one the right to a job. All it does is to
put him at the mercy of his-employer."
In reply to the above the newspaper's
editor said: "Data from the U.S. Depart-
ment of Labor and the U.S. Dept. of
Commerce shows right to work states lead
the nation in overall rate of economic
growth, in the creation of new jobs and
industry, in wage rate improvement in
industrial jobs-and in producing new
wealth and income."
(Note: FFBF helped put Florida's
Right to Work law on the books).

9th Annual
DeBary Hall, DeBary, Florida
Edith Nisen, manager
MARCH 1, 2, 3.
Daily 11 a.m. to 8 p.m.
Snacks prepared by
DeLeon Springs Pancake House

A short review of the nation's largest industry


with Pictures and comments

The present century had
hardly begun when this farm
engine was put into use. It
was built in 1903 and is still
in active use on a farm near
Stonington, Rhode Island.
The engine is gasoline pow-
ered, water-cooled and has
one piston which develops
five horsepower. The current
owner is seen (inset) sawing
wood with the engine, which
was built at the New Hol-
land plant at New Holland,

that had been developed for the advertisement

This balloon is ready for
its lift-off over a 510-acre
farm near Colton, S. D. The
Merck & Co. of Rahway,
N. J. selected the site for a
national advertisement. The
balloon was used as a photog-
S rapher's platform to get a
straight down shot of a group
of "quietly feeding cattle." In
addition to the 400 to 500
cattle on the feedlot the farm
usually has on hand about
the same number of hogs.
The layout of the farm is
such that the feeding troughs
correspond with the design
of "Thibenzolem," a cattle wormer.

Harvesting of the future _
will be a simple operation re-
quiring complex equipment
with electronic eyes, comput-
erized finders and ultrasonic
sound waves, according to
the Ford Motor Company.
This is an artist's conception
of such a harvester. It is
from "Agriculture 2000," a
study conducted by Ford's -
Tractor and Implement Oper-
ations to project the look of
agriculture at the turn of the
century. Here a farmer, sit-
ting in his control unit atop
such a rig, moves down a
grove to strip trees of their fruit, which moves into the trailer at the rear, where it
is sorted and packaged. The helicopter then lifts the entire trailer and flies on its
way to market while another helicopter replaces it as work continues.

The first stage of a research project concerned with identifying gases causing
atmospheric pollution has been completed at Iowa State University. The results of
the research could have far reaching effects and might lead ultimately to more low-
cost meat for Americans, the announcement said, adding that benefits would be not
only to farmers, but retailers, manufacturers as well as hogs. (For more on this write
Editor, FA, 4350 SW 13th St., Gainesville.)

Florida Agriculture, February, 1968

The President's Message

By Arthur E. (Art) Kant, Vero Beach
President, Florida Farm Bureau Federation

By the time you read this, the
special session of the legislature
will have either concluded or be in
extended session. The governor will
have addressed the legislature with
his proposals as to ways and means
to up-grade education in Florida,
and finance it. Whatever form the
proposed program takes, it is bound
to encompass the results of study
of various legislative committees
during the last several years, espe-
cially the ad-valorem, and the fi-
nance and tax committees of both
the House and the Senate.
There has been no secret about
financing increased state support of
education or any other public serv-
ice, it just simply takes more state
funds which in the end must come
from the taxpayers. Here is where
the problem of equity comes in-
here is where Farm Bureau policy
will have its effect.
Farm Bureau has long been on.
record in favoring the sales tax ap-
proach to state taxation, and a re-
duction in the non-equitable prop-
erty tax. The long last session of
the legislature recognized this fact.
So if anything constructive in the
way of a tax program comes from
this special session, it must neces-
sarily be in the form of a complete
package-increased rate of sales tax,
removal of some of the exemptions,
retention of the exemption on items
used up in the production of con-
sumer items, a ceiling or millage re-
striction on property taxes, a min-
imum local effort requirement to-
ward education financing. If so
called severance taxes are consid-

ered, then there must be a clear
differentiation drawn between irre-
placeable natural resources and
such things as growing crops. It
would seem that there is an unnec-
essary amount of attention or im-
portance attached to sales tax ap-
plication to feed, seed, fertilizer,
etc., however we must remember
that these items are specifically
mentioned because it was the in-
tent of the legislature to leave no
doubt as to its intention that these
materials were to be treated the
same as raw materials in any other
line of endeavor, be it manufactur-
ing or whatever.
It is going to be exceedingly dif-
ficult for many members of the leg-
islature to identify themselves with
a definite line of approach to fi-
nance and tax problems, for these
are two of the most difficult sub-
jects to deal with politically. Every
faction of the electorate has its own
special view as to how taxes should
be applied and funds appropriated.
The feeders at the public trough
have insatiable appetites, and what
are considered desirable programs
invariably become absolute necessi-
ties, although usually only in the
minds of administrative personnel.
It is easy fdr a legislator to become
side tracked from a soundly
thought out legislative program to
one of "greasing the loudest
squeaking wheel" approach.
One of the main reasons for this
is that the average citizen, expect-
ing campaign promises or pledges

Good Government is not just the
business of "they" or "them" but
instead is a daily living challenge
to each and every citizen.

to be met, does not continue, on a
day to day basis, to keep up with
the everchanging political picture,
and is not aware of new concepts or
testimony which necessarily force a
change in the format for problem
solution. The selfish special inter-
est forces inexorably exert their
pressures. This is why organiza-
tions such as Farm Bureau play
such a vital role in the legislative
scene, for most legislators have
come to know from experience that
Farm Bureau speaks for agriculture
from within the scope of authority
and responsibility delegated by the
members and from policy developed
by the members and not from or by
the leaders or administrative per-
So it is ever increasingly import-
ant that each Farm Bureau mem-
ber apprise himself of the activities
of his elected officials. Credit
should be given for a job well done,
and constructive criticism offered
when obviously apropos. As every
legislative seat is up for elective ac-
tion this year, Farm Bureau mem-
bers should get involved-at least to
the extent of personally seeking out
candidates who fulfill our ideas as
to the general philosophy of consti-
tutional, democratic government.
Then we must, on an individual
basis, help get these people elected
or re-elected. Good government is
not just the business of "they" or
"them" but instead is a daily living
challenge to each and every citizen.

Florida Agriculture, February, 1968


Dear Editor: I thought the cover and
related story of your January issue par-
ticularly appropriate.
As you pointed out the American con-
sumer has been greatly blessed by tre-
mendous achievements by our nation's
agriculture. Certainly all of us must
continue to remind the general public,
as consumers of agricultural products, of
the great stake they have in agriculture.
When we consider how the American
farmer, a relatively small percentage of
our population, is serving so effectively
the American people in providing abun-
dant supplies of high quality and rela-
tively inexpensive food-I am inclined to
paraphrase Winston Churchill's famous
statement, "Never in the history of man-
kind have so few done so much for so
E. T. York, Jr., Gainesville

(Editor's note: Dr. York, who is provost
for agriculture at the University of Florida,
has been selected by the Progressive
Farmer Magazine as 1967 Man of the
Year in Service to Florida Agriculture.
His letter above refers to the story printed
on page 19 last issue, entitled "Shoppers
Face a Bountiful 1968, Thanks to
America's Efficient Farmers". Since then
the New York Bureau has reprinted the
article in its monthly publication, "The

Dear Editor: Your story on food costs
last issue is a good angle that hasn't been
exploited before this.
Ed Curran, editor
USDA's Newspaper Letter

(Editor's note: appreciation is also extend-
ed to others who wrote regarding last
month's cover story entitled: "Shoppers
Face a bountiful 1968 thanks to America's
efficient farmers." They include: Creston
Foster, AFBF News Director and O. R.
Long, director field services division AFBF.
Mr. Long is scheduled to speak before
County FB Presidents at their Conference
in Gainesville, Feb. 14-15).

Dear Editor: In my opinion the most
important problem facing Florida Farm-
ers today is lack of freedom to obtain
off-shore labor.
Luther Askins, Ft. Pierce.

(Editor's note: Readers were asked recently
to list what they consider the most
important problem facing Florida farmers
today. Above is one Farm Bureau mem-
ber's reply. Others are invited to do the
same. Write Editor, FA, 4350 SW 13th
St, Gainesville).

"Most people living in New York have
come here from the farm to try to make
enough money to go back to the farm".-
Don Marquis, 1878-1937.

Florida Agriculture, February, 1968 19

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