I HUME LIBiRl
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credit where credit '11
Farm Credit Salutes
who help make the forest industry a vital part of the agricultural
economy in the South. And when it comes to providing qualified
and dedicated leadership in the area of agricultural finance, Farm
Credit Service is proud to offer its services to you. Consult a
Farm Credit specialist for your credit needs.
Your local Federal Land Bank Association
is the place to go for long-term farm
financing at realistic, farm-oriented
repayment schedules and reasonable rates.
The Columbia Bank for Cooperatives makes
seasonal, term and commodity loans to
marketing, purchasing and processing co-
operatives owned by farmers.
Your local Production Credit Association pro-
vides credit for operating and production
expenses, capital expenditures and your
farm family needs at simple interest rates.
S. all in the family of FARM CREDIT SERVICE k
Of AD A
1967 vs. 1968
By T. K. McClane, Jr., Executive Vice President, FFBF
I started last January's column out
"It is our fervent hope that 1967 will
be a happy and prosperous year for all
Florida Farm Bureau folks. Wishing it
will never make it so-it will take a spe-
cial all-out effort from all of us if we
realize a semblance of prosperity and
along with it a measure of happiness and
"1967 is not only a fresh new year with
twelve months of unknown events await-
ing; it is also a much different year than
we have ever experienced and we have
some new unsolved problems facing us
before the year even begins."
Without question, 1967 has been a ban-
ner year for Farm Bureau; a new high
of 35,069 farm family members; far
greater success in the legislature than
we could have ever expected, due to
the great effort on the part of you coun-
ty leaders; more member participation
with greater effectiveness; a much ex-
panded and more effective information
program at all levels; and a substantially
profitable year for our insurance and
other service programs resulting not only
in millions of dollars savings to members
but will also support a nice dividend in
the coming year.
1968 will bring us new problems and
new challenges. The upcoming special
session of the legislature will be a new
experience for all. We are preparing
plans for participation in this event, and
we urge each of you to get ready for a
special effort with your legislators if and
when it becomes necessary. It's most
encouraging to note that the Commission
on Quality Education, in their quest for
education money through increased sales
taxes, has recognized the fact that the
exemption of seed, fertilizer, etc. should
be retained. They are recommending an
increase of the sales tax to 4% (some
have suggested 5%) and the removal of
all "practical exemptions". Members
point out, however, that exemptions on
such items as food and medicine, and
seed, feed, and fertilizer would have to
"To what," inquired the news-
paper reporter, "do you attribute your
great success in farming?"
"Well," opined the farmer, "it's
been about 50 percent weather, 50
percent good luck and the rest is
brains." From Modern Maturity
Florida Agriculture, January, 1968
be continued. This recognition by such
a bipartisan and diversified commission
is especially gratifying. Apparently our
years of effort in trying to inform the
legislature-as well as the public-on the
peculiar nature of the business of farm-
ing is beginning to pay off. We have a
long way yet to go because it's most dif-
ficult for the urbanite to realize that
farmers have to pay the price asked but
have no control whatever over the prices
they receive for their production.
We are also submitting a statement to
the Tax Reform Commission, headed by
Representative James Sweeny, pointing
out the reasons for our position concern-
ing all taxes-ad valorem property taxes
as well as sales, inventory, and other
It's our hope also, that the special ses-
sion will reconsider the critical financial
plight of the Institute of Food and Agri-
cultural Sciences at the University of
Florida. This situation is deplorable and
the legislature, we believe, is more con-
scious of it than when they were in regu-
lar session. The State Department of
Agriculture is urgently in need of ad-
ditional funds for the Spreading Decline
Program and the Fire Ant Eradication
Program. Please urge your legislators to
support these monies.
We are proud to announce the ap-
pointment of James P. Turnbull to the
post of Field Services Director for FFBF.
Jim, who has served as district fieldman
in South Florida since 1964, is well-
qualified by trianing and experience to
fill this position and we look forward to
his excellent performance in this new
Farm Bureau role. Jim has assumed his
new duties as of January 1, and will be
moving his family to Gainesville early in
We hope to have some expert labor
consultant service available in January
as we proceed to set up a Farm Bureau
labor department. The executive com-
mittee is studying to determine the exact
role of Farm Bureau in the labor prob-
lems we know are ahead.
We are off to a great start in '68;
already approximately 2,500 members
ahead of this time last year. Most
counties have elected boards and officers
and are appointing willing and able
leaders to important committees. This is
The State Board and all the staff wish
for you and yours a happy and pros-
perous 1968 and hope that the new year
will bring to you all that you need and
most of what you would like to have.
... offices in...
Belle Glade, PCA and FLBA
Dade City, PCA
Fort Pierce, PCA
Gainesville, PCA and FLBA
Immokalee, PCA and FLBA
Lakeland, PCA and FLBA
Lake Wales, PCA
Live Oak, PCA and FLBA
Marianna, PCA and FLBA
Miami, PCA and FLBA
Okeechobee, PCA and FLBA
Orlando, PCA and FLBA
Vero Beach, PCA and FLBA
Wauchula, PCA and FLBA
Winter Haven, PCA
...all in the family
Farm Credit man
TIME'S RUNNING OUT...
S...ON A GOLDEN
FEB. 17-24, 1968
IT'S LATE NOW...
BUT THERE STILL ARE A LIMITED
NUMBER OF DISPLAY SPACES AVAILABLE
AROUND THE "BIG ORANGE DOME"
FLORIDA CITRUS FESTIVAL WEEK
JAMES E. STATES SHOWS
"WORLD'S BRIGHTEST MIDWAY"
FLORIDA CITRUS SHOWCASE
100 CYPRESS GARDENS BLVD., WINTER HAVEN, FLORIDA 33880
CITRUS GROVE HEATER DEMONSTRATION
Lake County's R. D. Flippo Grove, south of Altoona, was the scene recently
of a public demonstration of a central distribution heating system for groves.
Growers and members of the press were invited to attend by the American Oil
Company. Growers saw a tractor driven at a 15 mile an hour clip between
rows, using a propane torch to ignite a series of 29 inch high conical oil heaters.
Robert S. Erwin, Merchandise Manager, American Oil Company, estimates labor
savings of nearly $100 per night on a 10 acre system. For a free brochure,
describing the heaters write Mr. Erwin at 6 Executive Park Drive, NE., Atlanta,
Electric automatic feeding
equipment cuts time and costs. -
Can regulate the amount of
feed, or shut off completely
at each stanchion or feed/ /
bunk. Easy to install ""
in existing barns.
See your equipment dealer or contact us.
FLORIDA POWER & LIGHT COMPANY
HELPING BUILD FLORIDA
FARM BUREAU TV SHOWS
WFGA Television-Jacksonville, Chan-
nel 12, the Tuesday following the
first Friday of every month, 6:45
a.m.-"Hi Neighbor Program".
WFTV Television-Orlando, Channel
9, the third Sunday of every month,
12:30 p.m.-"Florida Agri World".
Bill Lavinghousez, host.
News and views about Florida
Farm Bureau Federation can be seen
and heard once each month on the
above stations. Tune in if you pos-
CALENDAR OF EVENTS
of interest to farmers.
Jan. 10-11. Indian River Citrus Seminar, Com-
munity Center, Vero Beach.
Jan. 12. Sunny Acres Produce Sale, Polk City.
Jan. 12. Gadsden County Livestock Mkt., Quincy.
Jan. 15. El Rancho Grande Hereford Sale, Cross
Jan. 15-16. Semi-Annual meet, Nat. Livestock and
Meat Board, Chicago.
Jan. 16, 17, 18. Annual meeting, Southern Weed
Conference, Deauville Hotel, Miami Beach.
Jan. 20. Fla. Santa Gertrudis Sale. Ocala.
Jan. 26. Suwannee Valley Livestock Mkt. Live
Jan. 29. Mid Fla. Rabbit Breeders' Ass'n, Marion
Ag Center, Oeala.
Jan. 29-30. Annual meeting, National Cotton Coun-
cil, Oklahoma City.
Jan. 29, 30, 31. SE Poultry & Egg Ass'n conven-
Jan. 31. Flower Demonstration, Camellia Garden
Club. Winter Haven.
Feb. 4-8. United Fresh Fruit & Vegetable Ass'n
Meeting, Los Angeles.
Feb. 7. Gasparllla Angus Sale. Tampa.
Feb. 18-21. Annual National Peach Council con-
vention and trade show. Charleston, S. C.
Feb. 26-28. Int. Orchid Show. Bayfront Park Aud.
Mar. 27-30. Annual National Youthpower Con-
gress, Sherman House, Chicago.
Apr. 5-21. Major promotional Exhibition, sponsored
by USDA, Tokyo, Japan.
Vol. 27, No. 1, Jan., 1968
Established 1943. Published monthly except
June, July and August. Publication date 10th
of current month. Owned by Florida Farm
Bureau Federation. 4350 SW 13th St., Gaines-
ville, Florida 32601. President. Arthur E.
Karst, Vero Beach; Vice President, Walter
Kautz, Canal Point; Secretary, Bob Clark,
Jr., Ft. Lauderdale; Treasurer, Forrest Davis,
Jr., Quincy, and Executive Vice President, T.
K. McClane, Jr., Gainesville. Printed by Cody
Publications. Second Class Postage Paid at
Kissimmee, Florida. Notice of change of ad-
dress should be sent to 4350 SW 13th St.,
Gainesville, Fla., Zip Code 32601. Send
all copy to P. O. Box 7605, Orlando,
Fla. Zip Code 32804. Phone 1-305-423-4163.
Editor, Hugh Waters; assistant, Martha Zeh-
ner; office Mgr., Ruth Sloan. Subsc. $5 year.
Send changes of address to 4350 SW 13th
St., Gainesville. Fla. 32601.
4 Florida Agriculture, January, 1968
CALENDAR OF EVENTS CONTINUED
Apr. 18. Futurity and Derby at Seminole Downs,
Casselberry, sponsored by Atlantic Coast Quarter
Horse Racing Ass'n.
Aug. 5-9. Annual conference Vo-Ag, Technical and
adult education. Jacksonville. (Changed from
Miami Beach due to GOP national convention.)
FARM BUREAU TOURS
The following all-expense escorted tours depart on
Feb. 8. Deluxe 21 day tour of Yucatan and
Feb. 14. Tour to Hawaii, 13 days.
Mar. 9. Tour to Australia, New Zealand, 44 days.
Mar. 26. Tour to Orient, 29 days.
Mar. 28. South Pacifce Cruise, 42 days.
Apr. 25. Tour of Eastern Europe and USSR. 21
May 8. Tour to Hawaii, 18 days.
May 21. Tour to Seandinavia, 30 days.
June 1 & 3. Tour to Alaska. 16 days.
All details (even tips) handled by experienced,
qualified people. Go alone, as a couple or take
non-Farm Bureau friends along. For free brochure
& information write Hugh C. Waters, Farm Bureau
Tours, P.O. Box 7605, Orlando, Fla. 32804.
FAIRS RODEOS SHOWS
Jan. 13-14. Ringling Bros, Barnum & Bailey Cir-
cus, St. Pete.
Jan. 16-20. DeSoto County Fair, Horticultural
and Livestock Exposition. Arcadia.
Jan. 17. Cotton Council Style Show. Aud. Lehigh
Jan. 19, 20, 21. Trap Shoot, Gun Club. W. Palm
Jan. 19, 20, 21. Swamp Cabbage Festival. Labelle.
Jan. 19, 22. Annual Sandy Shoes Festival and
Cattlemen's parade. Ft. Pierce.
Jan. 20-21. Lee County Sheriff's Posse Rodeo. Ft.
Jan. 22-27. Highlands County Fair. Sebring.
Jan. 22-27. Manatee County Fair. Palmetto.
Jan. 23-27. Pasco County Fair. Dade C:ty.
Jan. 23-28. Dade County Youth Fair. Miami.
Jan. 27-Feb. 4. South Fla. Fair & Expo. West
Jan. 29-Feb. 3. SE Fat Stock Show and Sale.
Jan. 29-Feb. 3. Southwest Florida Fair, Ft. Myers.
Feb. 3-4. Rodeo and Frontier Days. Homestead.
Feb. 6-17. Florida State Fair. Tampa.
Feb. 13-18. Dade Fair & Exp. Homestead.
Feb. 17-24. Florida Citrus Showcase. Winter
Feb. 21-25. Kissimmee Valley Livestock Show.
Feb. 25-Mar. 2. St. Lucle Fair. Ft. Pierce.
Feb. 26-Mar. 9. Central Fla. Fair. Orlando.
Feb. 26-27. N. Fla. Livestock Show & Sale.
Feb. 27-Mar. 2. Hernando Fair. Brooksville.
Calendar of Events, shows, tours...... 2
A look at 1968, compared with '67 ... 3
Farming in the year 2000 .......... 6
Fleas Imported to Fight Rabbits ...... 7
AFBF Convention Story & Pictures .... 8
FFBF Sponsors new Safety Unit ....... 12
County News-Field Services Report ... 14
Farm Scholarships and Queens ....... 16
Frightening Report on Crime ........ 18
The Cover Picture Story ............ 19
Public Understanding of Farmers .... 22
Directory of 1968 FFBF Officers ..... 22
Letters to the Editor ...............23
It's a Date
I i in '68!
1 IThe FLORIDA STATE
For '68... make
a date to see all
of Florida's greatest
Gasparilla Pirate Parade-Feb. 12
WYOU All Star Country Music Show-
Miss SunFLAvor Beauty Pageant-Feb. 8
R.C.A. Championship Rodeo-
Feb. 15, 16, 17
Hurricane Hell Drivers-
Feb. 9, 11, 12, 13, 14
IMCA Winter National Sprints-
Fabulous Flowers at the Horticulture
Works of Florida's Finest Artists at Art
Outdoor Living-Electrically-at the
Florida Electrical Exposition
Newest fashions, styles at the Woman's
Senior Citizens' Day-Feb. 8. A day of fun
and sightseeing for Florida's Senior Citi-
zens. Free grandstand entertainment.
SEE IT OFTEN SEE IT ALLI
The Best in AGRICULTURE, tool
The big spectaculars are just beginning
Florida's and the Southeast's Finest Beef
and Dairy Cattle
The Florida Fat Stock Show-Feb. 6
Second Annual AgriTour for Central and
South American guests-Feb. 7-12
The Parade of Champions-Feb. 9
The Parade of Dairy Champions-Feb. 16
Prize winning swine, poultry, rabbit shows
Spectacular displays of Florida's finest
fruits and vegetables
County exhibits featuring the finest from
all over the state
Future Farmers' Day, Feb. 10, activities
4-H Club Day, Feb. 17, activities and
Serving Florida's Agriculture
Skilled Field Representatives
312 N. Buena Vista Dr. Phone 372-1101
LAKE ALFRED, FLORIDA 33850
Florida Agriculture, January, 1968
) BETTER WAYI
I mBOX 7BB-DR D00GE CI0 UNS
For the Finest in
CATTLE HANDLING EQUIPMENT
* Brahman Chute Farm & Ranch Scales
* Beefmaster Chute Pick-up Stake Racks
* Loading Chutes Portable Corrals
* Stock Oilers Calf Cradle
SBranding Iron Heaters
Jack Cullison or Jake Holland
Phone 629-5050 or 629-2171
Write: Rt. 3, Box 150 A
(U.S. Highway 27, Just West of 1-75
BRIEFS FOR AND ABOUT FARMERS !!
Chicken Thief gets life. Last month a
Mableton, Georgia, farmer killed an owl
having a 51-inch wingspan. The bird had
been terrorizing the area's chicken houses.
The farmer caught the nocturnal villain
in a steel trap baited with remains of an
earlier kill. The owl has been mounted
and is now on permanent display at At-
lanta's Grant Park Zoo.
Bull lives in luxury. A Holstein bull,
bought in Canada for $93,000 lives in an
air-conditioned special stall near Havana,
Cuba. He is called International Black
Velvet and is a grand champion. The
animal was purchased to improve Cuban
strains of cattle, according to a recent
news item, which said that Holstein bulls
are cross-bred with native Cebu cows.
RFD now 72 years old. The rural free
delivery postal service was tried out for
the first time in 1896 from Charles Town,
Halltown and Uville, West Virginia.
37,400 cattle were destroyed in Aus-
tralia and Norway recently. The measure
was an attempt to end a foot and mouth
epidemic that has struck livestock in 177
areas of the two countries.
Rural Humor: A farmer who had just
purchased an airplane was giving his
wife her first ride. "What I like about
traveling this way," he said, "is that all
the strain is gone. There's room once you
get away from the airport, you don't have
to worry about pedestrians, and there's
no such thing as a traffic jam. Also," he
continued, with a smile, "I don't think I'll
be troubled with back seat drivers up
here." Peering through the windshield his
wife snapped, "Watch out for those
"High on the Hog" eating may be bad.
A renowned physician recently stated
"The other pigs don't seem to be
gaining as much as you."
that people who eat rich, refined food
show a high disease rate. Many elderly
persons in the civilized western world
suffer from partial or total deafness and
blindness, he points out, adding that this
contrasts with natives of rural areas of
South Africa who live to 70 or 80 without
showing any signs of these diseases.
Invisible thief robs cattlemen. A Colo-
rado Extension livestock specialist calls
"shrinkage" the invisible thief that can
rob the unwary cattleman of much of his
year's profits. Total shrinkage depends
mainly on the length of time an animal
is in transit, the specialist explains. He
suggests a two-hour dinner stop each day
saying that "it will cost much more in
weight lost than the price of the dinner".
Hay hook frightens motorist. Near
Chester, Illinois, recently a motorist was
almost blinded by a flying hay hook. A
truck just ahead of the car ran over the
hook and a tire flung it into the oncom-
ing vehicle's windshield.
^^^- yly~~~wyv. n .<-s^&
Ten Bags of farm money paid. An
Oregon farmer recently carried 10 bags
of pennies, weighing 35 pounds, into the
tax collector's office. It was in payment
of his property taxes and his way of
protesting the amount of his assessment.
The assessor accepted the pennies but
said next time they would have to be in
rolls. Since this incident the Oregon
Legislature has been called into special
session to come up with an answer for
property tax relief, according to a recent
Associated Press item.
Fanning in the year 2000 is described
in a new book just released by the
USDA. The foreword paints a brilliant
picture of robot harvesters, computer con-
trolled planting, virus free plants, tele-
vision scanners mounted on towers; satel-
lites to provide long range weather fore-
casting, etc. An item on page 7 of the
book indicates that the picture isn't as
bright as might be supposed. It says: "Oh
yes, the critics counter, but what good
automation, what good maximum effici-
ency, what good bigness, what good rec-
ord yields, if the producer cannot own
the land he works? How much joy, how
much satisfaction, how much ageless in-
timacy with the soil can a farmer reap
from land that is not his? For how, they
ask, could one farmer ever hope to own
a farm that big, that automated, that in-
credibly expensive? If there is one trou-
blesome nettle in agriculture's garden of
tomorrow, this is it. Financing of the
year 2000 will require investments of mil-
lions-not thousands of dollars".
More horses are in New Jersey than
in Texas. A noted horse management
specialist came up with this statistic last
month, but based his calculations on a
"per square mile" basis, however. He says
that New Jersey's pleasure horse popula-
tion is now at about 25,000. Moreover, he
adds, most of the horses found in that
state live on relatively small acreage-less
than half an acre in most cases. "Owners
don't need a ranch type property any-
more. The horses are kept wherever a
person has room for two or three stall
barns," he stated in an interview over a
recent morning agricultural show put on
by Station WOR-TV.
Falls kill most on farms. Falls account
for about half of all accidental deaths on
farms. The same report warns against the
Fertilizer is necessary to increase pro-
duction but not all farmers are as con-
vinced at this Vietnamese, according to
the USDA. The farmer tried fertilizer
on part of his crop under guidance of a
USDA technician. The extra yield from
the fertilizer field (left) compared with
a normal production (right) was effective
in showing the effect of proper applica-
tion. (USDA photo).
Florida Agriculture, January, 1968
use of charcoal barbecue grills in closed
or semi-closed areas. The deadly carbon
monoxide is odorless and colorless. It
can cause serious injury or death very
"To Grow the Second Blade of Grass".
This is from the following: ".. and he
gave it for his opinion, that whoever could
make two ears of corn, or two blades of
grass, to grow upon a spot of ground
where only one grew before, would de-
serve better of mankind, and do more es-
sential service to his country, than the
whole race of politicians put together.".
Readers who know the name of the
author or title of the work which included
the above are invited to send the informa-
tion to the editor of this magazine, 4350
SW 13th St., Gainesville, Florida.
Computers match dairy cows and bulls
in the Saxony area of Germany. A recent
news item from Bremen said that about
600,000 animals are being matched this
way to pick out ideal pairings for breed-
About $300 million annually is the
value placed on Florida's fertilizer in-
dustry by the Florida State Chamber of
Commerce. The chamber says that about
100 plants and mines are engaged in the
industry and that 15 counties account for
60 percent of the volume. Top counties
are Polk, Palm Beach, Lake, Orange,
Hillsborough and Dade.
Turkey & Skin Disease. Readers who
stuffed themselves with white turkey
meat probably helped cure psoriasis, that
is if they had this baffling skin disease.
Recently two researchers at Mt. Sinai
Hospital in New York accidentally dis-
covered what may be a possible answer
to the disease-white turkey meat.
Fleas fight rabbits. Australia is import-
ing millions of Spanish fleas to fight rab-
bits which scourge farm lands, according
to a recent item from Perth. The story
said that "it was hoped the fleas, chosen
for their hardiness, would spread my-
xomatosis, a rabbit-killing disease".
Cows and tranquility. "Just watching
cows can be very relaxing. It is possible
that if all business offices installed a cow
or two as an example to the rest of us,
there would be fewer cases of tension,
ulcers and heart attacks."-Ormond Pow-
ers in the Orlando Sentinel.
Wild dogs may overrun the nation. A
recent newspaper editorial pointed out
that this problem is nation-wide. It said
that stray dogs in Georgia had reached
a total of 250,000 and that more than
5,000 head of cattle are killed by them
every year in that state alone. The article
also points out that the wild dogs con-
stitute a continuing hazard for deer and
other wildlife; that an estimated 10,000
deer fall victims to them annually.
Florida Agriculture, January, 1968
What is Curasoil?
With the sandy soil of Florida, a simple fertilizer
just isn't enough. In view of this, we've just developed a
fertilizer and soil conditioner combination. Each makes
the other work harder, and together they can improve
your soil more than you may ever have thought possible.
What does our soil conditioner do?
You know what a fertilizer is and does, but you may
not know much about our soil conditioner elements. In
simplest terms, they help restore the balance of nature
to your soil. Our soil conditioner is a manufactured com-
post that's sterilized and pasteurized-pure and free of
nematodes and weed seeds. It creates the kind of soil
conditions that let the fertilizer work most efficiently.
What are the special benefits of such a combination?
And now, what are the benefits of a combination
soil conditioner and fertilizer? First, it stays in the root
zone longer. The combination of elements complement
each other and don't leach out as fast. This gives both
seed and transplants a much better chance to root. And
since each element, the fertilizer and the soil conditioner,
reinforces the other, they stretch a lot farther. In some
cases, one application may even suffice where two were
Can you get a special formula?
Curasoil does not just come in one pre-mixed for-
mula. We can supply you with a mix that will be just
what you need for whatever particular soil conditions
you may have. In the rare case where none of our blends
is right, we'll prepare a mix for your exact conditions.
How to get Curasoil:
When you've decided to try Curasoil, contact your
local spreader. If he is not available, make a collect call
to Art Mohler in St. Petersburg at (813) 867-2161.
II g a
INTERNATIONAL DISPOSAL CORPORATION, ST PETERSBURG, FLORIDA
THE ORIGIN OF CHEESE
Cheese is the oldest manufactured food used by civilized man, with the
exception of butter. Before the time of Christ, cheese constituted a means of
reckoning with the wealth among the wandering tribes of Europe. The young
man, David, of Bible times, carried rich gifts to the warriors and among them
was cheese. It was these tribes who introduced the art of cheese making in
Europe. In the course of time, various sections of Europe developed varying
methods adapted to local conditions. These adaptations resulted in cheeses
with distinct characteristics that are known today. Immigrants coming to the
U.S. included cheese-makers. With them came the old world techniques.
(From a recent brochure published by the Wisconsin Cheeseman, Box 1, Madi-
son, Wise. 53701).
THE 49th AFBF CONVENTION
By Al Alsobrook, director, FFBF Department of Information
With miniature oranges and orange
blossoms "sprouting" from their name
tags a 20-member delegation from Flor-
ida Farm Bureau Federation attended
the 49th annual meeting of AFBF in
Chicago last month.
The four-day meeting in the Conrad
Hilton Hotel attracted more than 4,000
Farm Bureau members from throughout
the U.S. and Puerto Rico.
Florida Still Holds Record
Florida Farm Bureau Federation re-
ceived its 26th consecutive gold star
award from AFBF in recognition of its
continued growth in membership. FFBF
still holds the record for the longest con-
tinuous growth since its organization in
Highlights of the convention included
the re-election of Charles B. Shuman of
Sullivan, Illinois to his sixth term as
president, the re-election of Walter L.
Randolph of Montgomery, Alabama to
his eighth term as vice-president, an ar-
ray of outstanding speakers, and a series
of important agricultural conferences.
One of the most crowd pleasing speech-
es was given by W. Ross Thatcher, Pre-
mier of Saskatchewan, Canada, who told
delegates that his Province has just gone
through three and a half years from the
bust of socialism to the boom of a re-
turn to private enterprise. (See photo
bottom of opposite page).
"We have found that there is nothing
wrong with socialism except that it
doesn't work," Thatcher said.
He characterized Saskatchewan's fling
with socialism as "bitter," disastrousus"
and a producer of "skyrocketing (govern-
"The danger from socialism, far too
frequently, is not what they can do di-
rectly, but what they can accomplish in-
directly," Thatcher said.
Congressman W. R. Poage (D) of Tex-
as and chairman of the House Agricul-
ture Committee, told delegates that the
estimated 300 million Americans making
up the nation's population in the year
2,000 can and will be adequately fed if
producers are fairly compensated.
"The key to the question whether
Americans eat well at the turn of the
century," Poage declared, "is whether
the farmer gets enough for his crops to
afford use of the most modern and ef-
ficient equipment and technology."
Florida's three voting delegates, Art
Karst, FFBF President; Bob Clark,
FFBF Secretary and Board Member Ed
Finlayson along with Mrs. M. T. Crutch-
field, FFBF Women's Chairman led the
Florida contingent to Chicago. (See Mrs.
Crutchfield's report on page 18).
Others attending from Florida included
Executive Vice President T. K. McClane,
Jr., Commodity Director Kent Doke, In-
formation Director Alvin V. Alsobrook,
and Fieldmen Dennis Emerson, Ed
Shadd, Ed Touchton and Mrs. Touchton.
FFBF insurance companies were rep-
resented by Preston Gough, Executive
Vice President of FFBF insurance com-
panies; Charles McCallister, state claims
manager and Marvin Evans, Comptroller.
In his speech to delegates, Roger Flem-
ing, Secretary-Treasurer of AFBF, said
the "Resnick affair" helped AFBF climb
to a new, all-time high membership of
more than one and three-quarter millions.
Fleming reviewed in detail some of the
factors involved in attacks upon Farm
Bureau during the last several months
by Representative Joseph Y. Resnick
(D) of New York.
Resnick's announcement of his inten-
tions to seek the Democratic nomination
to oppose Republican Senator Jacob
Javits of New York makes it "easier to
put together the pieces of the 'Resnick
affair' puzzle," Fleming said. He des-
cribed the situation as a "headline hunt-
ing exercise by this multi-millionaire in-
dustrial tycoon from the Catskills of New
Southern Region Largest
Membership in Farm Bureau, he re-
ported, has climbed to 1,753,532 families,
a gain of 49,624 over last year.
The southern region, it was pointed
out, now is the largest region in the
AFBF organization leading by more than
20,000 membership in the midwest.
Voting delegates approved more than
150 Farm Bureau resolutions and poli-
cies ranging from a statement of the
Farm Bureau purpose to national and
international governmental problems.
Delegates went on record in voicing
AFBF's support of our fighting men
in Viet Nam pointing out that, "the free-
dom they defend is our freedom. The flag
These girls are some of the state Farm Bureau beauty These state Farm Bureau presidents were photographed
queens who attended the convention. There was no beauty following the formal presentation of the 1967 Gold Star Award
contest, but each of the girls was introduced to the convention plaques, by AFBF President Charles B. Shuman. FFBF's
following the talent program. Some states select a queen in President, Arthur E. Karst (center front row) accepted the
competition and one of the prizes is a trip to the AFBF con- coveted award for Florida. It was the 26th consecutive time
vention. (Photo by FFBF Information Dept.) that Florida was so honored. (FFBF Inf. Dept. Photo).
on their battle standard is our flag."
Resolutions also called for an electoral
college reform, the strengthening of Farm
Bureau marketing programs, call for an
end to government farm programs in-
creased emphasis on the protection of
the nation's natural resources, opposition
to repeal of the compulsory uninism
chapter of the Tait-Hartley Act and
other problems facing the nation's
In other action AFBF presented its
1967 awards for distinguished service to
agriculture-highest honor of the Federa-
tion-to Senator John J. Williams (R) of
Delaware and Charles Marshall, former
president of the Nebraska FBF and a
former member of the AFBF board of
Mrs. Haven Smith, chairman of AFBF
women, issued a call for action to help
stop moral decay in our nation today in
her speech before the women's confer-
"America is passing through an in-
credible era of apprehension which
causes even the President and other high
officials of the government to move from
place to place on speech making trips
with the upmost secrecy, so as to avoid
demonstrations and disorders," Mrs.
Mrs. Smith said also that "we bring
the force of an allowed public opinion to
bear, at every level of government, to
secure better protection of society."
Young Florida Farmer Honored
Florida received further recognition at
Florida's three official voting delegates to the AFBF convention are shown
above presenting AFBF President Charles Shuman with a corsage of miniature
orange blossoms. The 20 representatives attending the convention from Florida
wore the orange blossoms attached to their name tags for all convention activities.
L to R: Robert L. Clark, Jr., Ft. Lauderdale, FFBF Secretary; Arthur E. Karst, Vero
Beach, president; Mr. Shuman; and E. H. Finlayson, Greenville, FFBF past president
and former member of the AFBF board of directors. All three are also members of
the current FFBF board of directors. (Photo by FFBF Information Dept.)
the convention with the introduction of
James Machek, Palatka flower grower,
as one of the nation's four outstanding
young farmers for 1967. Machek is the
second Floridian in as many years to re-
ceive the honor and be recognized at the
AFBF convention. (The full story of
Mr. Machek's honor was printed in this
magazine several months ago).
(Editor's note: More details concerning
the AFBF convention are included in
FFBF President Karst's column on page
22. He reminds readers that virtually
all of FFBF's views are reflected in the
AFBF policy approved by delegates in
Chicago. FFBF's Women's Chairman
Mrs. Marvin Crutchfield also tells about
the convention in her column on page 18.
Senator John J. Williams (R) Delaware, one of two re-
cipients of the 1967 Distinguished Service Award given by the
AFBF is shown speaking to more than 4,000 delegates and
other participants following the DSA ceremony. (See item in
W. Ross Thatcher, Premier of Saskatchewan, Canada,
gets the miniature oranges and orange blossom pinned on him
by an AFBF staff member in the press room of the Conrad
Hilton Hotel, headquarters for the AFBF's 49th annual con-
vention. (See story opposite page).
By the turn of the century, farmers may do some of their important jobs from
the air, with equipment such as this combination helicopter-hovercraft. Engineers
already have built one machine which lifts off the ground by low air pressure to spray
cranberry vines on rough ground. This illustration is from "Agriculture 2000," a
study conducted by Ford Motor Company to project the look of American agriculture
in the next century.
American Rural History
Old West Not as Lively as Thought;
Rodeos Used to Pep Things Up
By Al Roselin
The excitement that surrounds the cry
of "Rodeo!" goes back to the days of
America's Westward Expansion. When
Texas trail drivers herded their cattle
west and north, they made their way
through some of the toughest terrain
ever pioneered-and some of the most
Mile after mile they treked, and when
they stopped, it was as much to whoop
it up as take that needed rest. The
ranch hands of the different cattle outfits
would come together on the trail after
roundup time-their small wages jingling
in their blue jeans. When several cow-
pokes got together, they'd toss a few sil-
ver dollars into a sombrero and challenge
each other to a riding, roping or shooting
contest. Of course, the buckaroo who
bested them all took the prize money.
The impromptu "trail rodeos" had cow-
punchers riding bucking broncos, roping
longhorn steers, milking wild cows, and
competing in rifle and pistol marksman-
ship. The exciting and dangerous in-
formal rodeos remained a private sport
until the 1870s.
Despite the legends of The Old West
shoot-'em-up days, life in the small west-
ern towns was fairly unexciting. Civic
leaders, to please the townspeople, in-
vited the cowboys t bring their rodeo
contests into the towns. At Cheyenne,
Wyo., in 1872, towniess" gathered to
watch a rodeo of Texans riding wild, un-
tamed stock. At Pecos, Texas,'in 1883.
they penned rampaging longhorn cattle
o nthe courthouse square and roped 'em
down Main Street. At Prescott, Arizona,
five years later, they built a grandstand
-and sold tickets. And the rodeo be-
came a public entertainment.
Rodeo enthusiasm stampeded to the
East and back-home dudes relished hear-
ing about -andwatching-the stirring
exploits of the Western heros. "Buffalo
Bill" Cody, a former pony express rider
and scout, seized upon the popularity of
things Western. He corralled a coterie
of "performers" and in 1883, began tour-
ing the United States and Europe with
his "American Wild West Show." For
thirty years, he and his "stars", like An-
nie Oakley-who had never been near the
West packed them in. European royalty
especially capitulated to "Little Sure
Shot," as Annie was affectionately called.
Today, the lure of the West is still
flourishing. People all over the world
wear denim jeans and jackets and affect
the picturesque accessories of the West-
ern look. And the western theme is the
one most popular in entertainment -
whether it's the western movie, the TV
western, or the traveling rodeo.
WHAT IT MEANS TO
U.S. FARM TRADE
By Ed Curran, editor
USDA Farm Paper Service
For the United Kingdom, devaluation
of the pound-from the U.S. equivalent
of $2.80 to $2.40-last month ended a 2-
year drive to bolster balance of payment
positions through austerity measures
alone. For the U.S. and world agricul-
ture, this move-which was followed by
devaluation in several of the United
Kingdom's trading partners-means two
things, according to an article in USDA's
Foreign Agriculture magazine.
First, it means that the United King-
dom, which is the world's largest im-
porter of food and other agricultural
products-and our third largest dollar
market-will have to pay more for its
imports. Under the old exchange rate,
a commodity that had a world market
price of $280, cost a British importer 100
pounds. Under the new exchange rate,
the British importer will now have to pay
just under 117 pounds for the same item.
Secondly, it means that British exports
will be cheaper in the world market. For
example, British wool that sold for 1000
pounds under the old exchange rate cost
an American importer $2,800. Under the
new rate, it will cost him $2,400.
What this means to U.S. farm trade:
U.S. exports will become more expensive
to nations that did devalue, will become
more competitive with domestic produc-
tion. And, devaluing country's exports
will become more competitive with U.S.
exports elsewhere in world agricultural
FREE TO FARMERS
Poultry booklet. Tells how to plan a
profitable poultry raising facility and
describes in detail the types of structures
available, how they should be built and
how buildings can be insulated against
cold and heat. For a free copy write
Br'an R. Gottlieb, American Iron and
Steel Inst., 201 E. 42nd St., New York
Plans for a portable plywood farrowing
shed are available free of charge. The
shed is designed in 8 x 20 foot sections,
each with four farrowing stalls and eight
litter areas. When two sections are placed
together, the shed will accommodate up
to eight cows and their litters in a fully
enclosed shelter. For your free copy
write: American Plywood Ass'n, 1119 A
St., Tacoma, Wash. 98401.
Free film for meetings. For groups or
for re-broadcast over TV. Title: "Pro-
viders of Plenty", a 28-minute color film.
Warm human interest backgrounds, this
tale of the modern farmers-providers of
plenty for all. For information and
rules of borrowing the film write: Farm
Film Foundation, 1425 H St., NW, Wash-
ington, D. C. 20005.
Florida Agriculture, January, 1968
* a monthly round-up of activities on the
Items reported by members of the FFBF
and the editorial staff of this magazine.
Marion County FB introduced a novel
mailing idea recently. The monthly news-
letter was folded and stapled to hold
other literature including: a 1968 pocket
secretary; a copy of the FFBF's new or-
ganization brochure; and a colorful sales
piece promoting Farm Bureau tires. For
more details on this idea write Mrs. John
Willis, editor, P. O. Box 168, McIntosh.
Seminole County FB's newsletter warns
readers against the "tree maintenance
racket. "Professing to be experts on any
and all tree diseases these people con-
vince a property owner that their cure-all
remedies will solve any problem", the
newsletter says, adding that "the best
protection is to deal with an old estab-
Lake County's "Norgents Nance Dia-
mond", a junior seven-year-old registered
Guernsey cow, recently completed an of-
ficial production record of 17,110 pounds
of milk in 365 days according to the
American Guernsey Cattle Club. The
testing was supervised by the University
of Florida and the cow is owned by T. S.
and T. O. Haselton of Eustis.
Everglades FB directors recently voted
to use the full record keeping system of-
fered by the Florida Farm Bureau out of
its Gainesville office. (For more informa-
tion: write Bobby Bennett, director,
FFBF Records Dept., 4350 SW 13th St.,
Gadsden County FB is conducting a
campaign to get more donors to the blood
bank. A recent announcement said that
the bloodmobile will be in Quincy at the
fire station on February 15 between 12:30
noon and 6:20 p.m.
Santa Rosa County FB has announced
a change in office hours. Effective Feb-
ruary 1 the county office will start clos-
ing on Saturdays and remain open all
day on Thursdays each week, from 8 a.m.
to 5 p.m.
A Lake County highlight of 1967 was
the annual farm-city week festivities.
Each year during this event Lake invites
Mayors of out-of-state cities to be guests
of honor. Mayor and Mrs. R. E. Cuth-
bertson of Wooster, Ohio, were the 1967
guests. Previously mayors from Augusta,
Ga., Webster, S. D., and Ann Arbor,
Mich., were invited to attend the festivi-
local Farm Bureau level including ideas which may be duplicated by other counties.
Field Staff (see photos above); County Farm Bureaus; the FFBF Information Department
ties sponsored by the Lake Farm Bureau;
the Lake Kiwanis Clubs and the Farm-
City Week committee.
Duval County FB isn't letting newly
elected officials forget the importance of
agriculture in that area, even though
Jacksonville is now the largest city in
the state. The FB's year-end highlight
event was a tour of the county's 376,520
acres devoted to production of farm prod-
ucts. The tour covered 85 miles with stops
at poultry, nursery, forestry, beef and
dairy farms with a luncheon included.
Approximately 50 persons enjoyed the
trip according to Walter Welkener, Duval
FB president, who said that newly elected
officials of the new consolidated Jackson-
ville took part.
Orange County FB's William D. Long
of Apopka was cited for top agricultural
honors in 1967. He was one of 16 U. S.
farmers named to receive Ford Motor
Company's annual Farm Efficiency
Awards for outstanding agricultural
achievement. Mr. Long is a member of
the Orange County FB board of directors.
Another Orange FB leader broke a record
in 1967. Harold Henschen, of Oakland,
missed attending a state FFBF conven-
tion for the first time since he joined
the organization back in the early 1950's.
During most of this time he has served
the FB as its secretary-treasurer. When
the FB decided to construct a new build-
ing several years ago, he raised the entire
$50,000 in a matter of hours, according to
Mrs. Elizabeth Russell, Orange office
secretary. Mr. Henschen retired from his
long held post in the FB last November.
Brevard County FB's J. V. D'Albora,
Jr., of Cocoa says that the most important
problem facing Florida farmers today is
labor and government controls. (Editor's
Note: other readers are invited to express
an opinion on this subject. Write editor,
FA, 4350 SW 13th St., Gainesville).
Levy County FB prints a classified
column in its monthly newsletter. Other
County Farm Bureaus wishing to use this
idea may secure a copy by writing Louise
Cobb, office secretary, Box 174, Bronson.
Bay County FB's Mrs. W. B. Suther-
land has perfected a method for removing
whole pecans out of the shell without
separating the halves. She pours boiling
water over a pound of pecans in a two
quart saucepan; let it simmer, but not
boiling for 15 minutes; drains and cracks
carefully while nuts are still warm; and
then removes the shells.
COUNTY FB SECRETARIES
ARE TO BE HONORED
By Don Gilbert, Uni. of Fla.
Secretaries from six county Farm
Bureaus will receive recognition certifi-
cates for playing a major role in their
counties' winning district membership
awards in the recently completed FFBF
Baker County walked away with top
honors with 107.20% of its 1967 mem-
bership enrolled for 1968. To date, 204
have renewed their membership and 64
new members have been enrolled for a
total of 268 members.
Secretary Connor Webb, Macclenny,
will accept the award for Baker County.
Fieldman Ed Shadd points out that the
combined efforts of Mr. and Mrs. Webb
pushed Baker to the 107.20% mark.
Mrs. Margie Bray, Jay, will accept the
award as secretary of the Santa Rosa
FB, which has 100.31% of its 1967 mem-
bership. Thus far 591 have renewed
their membership and 48 new members
have been enrolled.
Mrs. Leora Sykes, Moore Haven, sec-
retary of the Glades FB, will be cited for
that county's enrolling 98.75% of its 1967
membership. GCFB renewed 139 mem-
berships and enrolled 19 new members.
Receiving the award for Jefferson FB
will be Secretary Mrs. Velinda Williams,
Monticello. With 173 members renewed
and 24 new members, Jefferson County
has 94.71% of its 1967 membership.
Mrs. Eunice Caruthers, Ocala, secre-
tary of the Marion FB, will be honored
for that county's enrolling 94.46 percent
of its 1967 membership. Marion had 846
members renew and 75 new members
Sarasota FB Secretary, Mrs. Phoebe
Sing, had 266 members renew and 34
new members join for a total of 93.45%
of its 1967 membership.
The FFBF report showed that to date
27,789 have joined the organization
throughout the state for a total of 80
percent of last year's 35,069 membership.
FBF is the state's largest agricultural
organization representing nearly 90 per-
cent of Florida's farm family population.
Florida Agriculture, January, 1968
Rural Youth Section
During 1967 County Farm Bureaus over the state spon-
sored various programs and projects for rural youth. This pic-
ture illustrates an example. It shows Jerry Underwood, rep-
resenting the Dade County Farm Bureau, presenting a leader-
ship award to John Carter at the Annual South Dade FFA
Parent-Son Banquet held in Homestead. This magazine is
Snow compiling a list of County Farm Bureau youth projects
scheduled for 1968, and it will be published on this page.
BRIEF ITEMS OF INTEREST TO YOUNG READERS
Two of the State's top agricultural
queen contests are at hand. Winners will
reign over two of Florida's leading agri-
cultural events of the year-both in Feb-
ruary: The Florida State Fair from the
6th thru 17th; and the Citrus Festival'
Week, 16th thru 24th. The first is held
in Tampa and the second in Winter
Haven, sponsored by the Florida Citrus
Florida State Fair's queen is "Miss
Sunflavor" and the Citrus Festival's is
the 1968 Florida Citrus Queen. Winners
of each will receive considerable prizes
plus a year of extensive travels through-
out the year.
Girls under 25, who are interested in
competing in the above contests are ad-
vised to contact the following at once:
Bill Carter, pageant director, Fla. Citrus
Showcase, 100 Cypress Gardens Blvd.,
Winter Haven, Fla. 33880; telephone 293-
3175; J. McK. Jeter, ass't manager, Flor-
ida State Fair, Box 1231, Tampa, Florida
33601. Telephone 253-8811. (Editor's
note: it is suggested that the telephone
call be person to person, but do not call
A kindergarten student wrote about
Florida citrus and the letter was printed
on this page recently. The teacher has
written the editor as follows: Dear Ed-
itor: Gail's eyes got as big as saucers
when she saw her name on your youth
page and she immediately recognized her
mistakes. The page proved a valuable
teaching aid of which I was not aware.
I don't believe the children actually
realized that magazines and newspapers
are written by "people". It has stimulated
our more mature little ones to want to
improve their writing so that they too,
might have something published some
day.-Caroline K. Odom, teacher, Cathe-
dral School, Orlando.
High school sons of "car buffs" may
like to test their father's knowledge of
the subject by asking him what the fol-
lowing have in common: Anthony, Bal-
lard, Benton Harbor, Booth, Buffum,
Chicago, Clapps, Cross, DeLa Vergne,
Electrobat, Elliott, Empire, Erie, Field,
Gas-au-Lee, Gibson, Hartley, Hasbrouck,
FOOT MOPS for girls with a keen
eye for new things. Make these slippers
yourself. Use variegated knitting worsted
for colorful foot-mops. Free instructions,
with easy to follow illustration, are avail-
able by writing Martha Zehner, Florida
Agriculture 4350 SW 13th St., Gaines-
Henley, Hertel, Heymann, Howard, Hu-
ber, Huntington, Jackon, Kennedy, Ken-
sington, King Knox, Lansomobile, Leach,
Lewis, Morgan, Mubson, Oakman, Pen-
nington, Perry, Phillian, Quick Reeves,
Rogers, Salisbury, Simons, Stearns, St.
Louis, Stuss, Tinhan, Waltham, West
If none of the above ring a bell surely
some of the following will: Essex, Inter-
state, Marmon, Elcar, Jewett, Hudson,
Packard, Auburn, Austin, Chalmers, Da-
vis, Durant, Emerson, Franklin, Locomo-
bile, Maxwell, Mercedes, Oakland, Over-
land, Paige, Pierce-Arrow, Rambler, Reo,
Star, Studebaker, Toledo, Whippet, and,
of course, Ford, Buick, Cadillac, Pontiac,
Dodge, Mercury, Chevrolet, and Rambler.
All of the above were automobiles man-
ufactured prior to 1910. Actually there
were over 2010 different makes of cars
made and sold in the late 1890's and early
Effects of radiation on soils and other
subjects are being studied by a group of
440 gifted high school students. They are
spending their Saturdays throughout the
school year on the Columbia University
Campus in New York as participants in
the University's special program.
Boys in the late 1800's read "rags to
riches" stories by Horatio Alger, who
published over 100 such books. Sales have
exceeded 30 million copies, according to
a recent estimate.
A 12 year old boy recently saved two
grown men by leaping Tarzan-style on
the back of a marauding lion and killing
Florida Agriculture, January, 1968
First in a series
HIGHLIGHTS OF 1967
Review of 1967 agricultural highlights: Orange juice was
featured on school menus during the National School Lunch.
Here Danny Spillman and Barbara Pensch are shown in their
Vero Beach school cafeteria being served fresh orange juice
during the above period. Looking on are M. R. Buckalew, ex-
ecutive vice president of the Indian River Citrus League and
Arthur E. Karst, president, Florida Farm Bureau Federation.
Both Mr. Buckalew and Mr. Karst are residents of Vero Beach
(Indian River County). The 1967 review will continue next
month in the youth section of this magazine.-Editor.
the beast with a hatchet. This event took
place in a village cattle corral near Laun-
da, Angolia. The men were attempting to
chase the lion from the corral. The boy
Portuguese youths 16 and over may not
leave that country without special per-
mission from military authorities. Youths
are drafted at 20 and serve three to four
year hitches. But many have been leaving
for overseas jobs or are sent to other
European countries by affluent families
for schooling and do not return. The new
order is intended to stop the exodus, ac-
cording to a recent story from Lisbon.
Six annual scholarships of $500 each
are awarded 4-H clubbers by the Ameri-
can Forest Products Industries. Over
81,000 participated in the 4-H Forestry
Awards program last year. Nearby Geor-
gia's Furman Peebles of Pitts was one
of the national winners. For information
write: the above company at 1835 "K"
Street, NW, Washington, D. C. 20006.
Frank Tarkington, star quarterback of
the New York Giants, is a former student
of the University of Georgia.
Seventeen year old, green-eyed, five-
foot, one-inch 100 pound Stephanie Crane
of St. Louis, Mo., is the current Miss
Teen-Age America and will reign through
1968. By winning the title recently she
received a $10,000 scholarship and will
appear before young groups throughout
the nation this year.
Nineteen year old, brown-eyed, five-
foot, eight-inch Pat Taylor, who is a
University of Miami Co-ed, reigned over
the recent Orange Bowl football game as
"queen". Her princesses were: Nancy
Branden, Miami; Debbie Riker of Miami
Beach; Suzanne Venhorst, of Bahgodes-
berg, Germany, andl Robin Whatley of
Students at the University of Wisconsin
now have a "free speech area" on the
college's campus mall. They can stump
for their causes in this special area when-
ever they like, but with one restriction-
no amplifiers may be used to carry speak-
ers' messages beyond the normal range
of the human voice.
Two annual $400 scholarships are of-
fered by the American Shorthorn Ass'n.
For information write: Sherman Berg,
Junior Activities Director, ASA, 8288
Hascall St., Omaha, Nebr. 68124.
In 1870 colleges were stricter. A copy
of the annual catalog put out by Notre
Dame, nearly 100 years ago, listed rules
and regulations. Among them were: "Stu-
dents must carefully avoid every expres-
sion in the least injurious to religion,
their professors, prefects or fellow stu-
dents"; "No one shall keep in his posses-
sion any money except what he receives
weekly from the treasurer, on Wednes-
days at 9 o'clock a.m."; Bathrooms, pro-
vided with hot and cold water, are fitted
up for the use of students during the win-
ter. In warm weather they must bathe
twice a week in St. Joseph's Lake"; "Ev-
ery month all students must write to their
parents or guardians and have their let-
ters corrected by a member of the faculty.
All letters sent or received may be opened
by the president or the vice president";
"no book, periodical or newspaper shall
be introduced into the college without
being previously examined and approved
by the director of studies".
Florida's representative to World
Round-up (Girl Scouting's highest hon-
or) is currently "Miss U.S. Naval Re-
serve." She is Joye Davidson, Rollins
College Student (Winter Park) who has
served 400 hours as a Candy Striper at a
Hamburger loving kids may be inter-
ested in visiting Dresher, Pennsylvania.
A giant grill cooks 14,400 patties per hour
at a frozen foods company there. It is
believed to be the world's largest beef-
burger barbecue. The burgers are barbe-
cued, frozen. When they're thawed out
and warmed up, they're ready for eating.
Pony power is used by two boys in
Wagoner, Okla., for delivering news-
papers on their daily routes.
CLIP AND MAIL
TEST YOUR ENGLISH CONTEST
Homonyms are words that sound alike but have different meanings.
Here are a group of words which have homonyms with definitions pertain-
ing to agriculture in some form. See how many you can list correctly?
Write your selections in the blank spaces; clip and mail the entire box to
Editor, Florida Agriculture, 4350 SW 13th St., Gainesville, Fla. A check
for $5.00 will be mailed to the person who submits the most correct homo-
nyms. In event of a tie, the earliest postmark will be declared winner.
ACTS, deeds. a farm tool. COLONEL, officer. seed in nut.
BAKEN, baked. pork. LIEF, willing. Part of a plant.
BEAT, to strike. a vegetable. MAZE, intricate. corn.
BEEN, verb to be. for grain. MEWL, to cry. an animal.
BORE, to make a hole. Swine. MOAN, lament. to cut down.
CARAT, weight. a vegetable. PAI fruit
CEDE, give up. germ of plant. PAIR, couple. frut.
GORED, pierced. a plant. RISE, to ascend. food.
HEY, an expression._ dried grass. WRY, crooked.- grain.
HOARSE, rough voice. -, an animal. TEEM, to be full. two horses.
Florida Agriculture, January, 1968
With Illustrated Patterns
FOR WOMEN ONLY
By Mrs. Marvin Crutchfield, FFBF's Women's Chairman
By Ursula duBois Lewis
Elegant outfit No. 185; stole No. 78.
For speedy elegance knit this! Shell
skirt outfit No. 185 is modeled by
Cheryl Miller of CBS Television's
"Daktari". It takes approximately
six hours to fashion this lovely outfit.
We knitted ours in a stunning peacock
blue and used the new superspeed
knitting needles. The skirt is knitted
from the top down which gives it the
added advantage of fashioning an out-
fit for any type of occasion-mini,
street-length, or full-length gown ef-
fect is no problem with this pattern.
The hem of the skirt is bordered by
the same lacestitch design featured in
Illustrated instructions come in
sizes 10 through 20. All sizes are in-
cluded on one pattern.
Miss Miller is also modeling an ele-
gant stole No. 78 which can either be
knitted or crocheted. This is another
easy and fast to fashion item.
To obtain pattern No. 185 or No. 78,
send $1.00 for No. 185 and 750 for No.
78 in currency, coin, check, or money
order to: Ursula duBois Lewis, Florida
Agriculture, Box 3307, Van Nuys,
The next issue of Florida Agricul-
ture will feature an interesting story
under the above title. It will tell
about kitchens in the stone-age, in the
middle ages and during Rome's page
in history. Excavations at Pompeii
show that kitchens were actually
equipped with ranges of brick or stone.
The story takes the reader through
Colonial America, the 1800's and right
up to the present. Watch for your
February issue of Florida's largest
The American Farm Bureau con-
vention presented some facts that
should cause us to think and act.
The main ideas seemed to revolve
around Dr. Batsell Bassett Baxter's
sentence from Solomon: "As a man
thinketh in his heart, so is he."
Mrs. Haven Smith, our women's
chairman, said at the candle lighting
service "If there is darkness in the
world it is partly because there is
darkness in us." She also begs us to
think seriously about the problem of
crime, especially since half of major
crimes are committed by teenagers.
W. Ross Thatcher said "The dan-
ger from socialism, far too fre-
quently, is not what they can do
directly but what they can accomp-
President Shuman and Roger
Fleming advised Mrs. Smith to talk
to us about disregard for law and
order that is seeping through the
Mrs. Smith cited specific exam-
ples and quoted key people to prove
that the increase in crime is some-
thing to concern all Americans. She
quoted a top New York City police-
man as follows: "There is no ques-
tion there is a growing fear in the
city. Crime is going up all over the
country; violence is going up all over
The Consumer Conference, which I
have mentioned on this page, was held
in Miami last month. The attendance
was very good, especially for the first
There were over a 100 on hand to hear
Betty Furness, special assistant to the
President on consumer affairs, who was
the banquet speaker. She was very good
and seemed to be most interested in the
wants and complaints of the consumer.
She complimented Florida on being one
of two states that meat inspection is
equal to the Federal Goverments. (The
other state is California). She said that
the meat inspection controversy that you
read about recently is most important.
the country. Cops are handcuffed
by the new laws. When they do
apprehend a criminal, he's soon out
The manager of a big Liggett drug
store on Times Square was quoted
as follows: "It's a vicious thing. The
youngsters here are impossible.
They're 13 or 14 years old and even
younger than that. We had a gang
of kids come in yesterday. I do not
think any one was over 13. These
people are absolutely unafraid of
policemen. You tell them you'll
call a policeman and they'll laugh
at you. They say 'go get your damn
Mrs. Smith said that Tokyo is the
world's largest city. That "most of
its people are poorly housed, live in
congested neighborhoods, and lead
lives of denial and limited opportun-
ity. But Tokyo's narrow and badly
lighted streets are normally safe at
any hour. Householders, behind
unlocked doors in fragile homes en-
joy security. In the last 10 years
Tokyo's population has gone up
about 50 percent, but the annual
rate of crime has dropped by a third.
Why? There are several reasons.
But the number one reason is family
pride and honor and the respect for
honest work that is instilled in the
The Department of Agriculture in
Florida has been the state agency pri-
marily concerned with consumer pro-
tection since 1889 when the legislature
delegated the job of analyzing fertilizers
sold to Florida farmers.
Weights and measures were added;
then inspection of gasoline. The food,
drug and cosmetic inspection was made
by the Department almost 30 years ago
and is now carried on in co-operation
with the Florida Food and Drug authori-
ties and the state Board of Health.
A big part today of the Department's
total function relates to consumer serv-
ices. This office with Bob Bishop as di-
rector, will co-ordinate the consumer pro-
Florida Agriculture, January, 1968
Mrs. Munroe Reports on Consumer Conference
THE COVER PICTURE STORY
Shoppers Face a Bountiful 1968
Thanks to America's Efficient Farmers
Thanks to American farmers
the nation's shoppers should" be-
gin 1968 in a happy frame of
mind. Never before in history
has there been such an abundance
of food for a country's families.
Never before has the cost of food
been so low in relation to earn-
ings. Slightly more than 19 per-
cent of the U. S. disposable in-
come went for food last year.
Back in 1930 food took 24 per-
cent; 22 percent in 1940 and a
whopping 26 percent as recent as
1947. In other countries food takes
considerably more of each fam-
ily's disposable income, as much
as 50 percent and even more.
If shoppers would separate food
from non-food items purchased in
the super markets they would
tection efforts which was previously con-
ducted, as you can tell by the above.
I'll give you further reports later. -
(Editor's Note: Mrs. Munroe repre-
sents the Florida Farm Bureau on the
Florida Consumer Council. She was ap-
pointed to this post last Fall by Com-
missioner of Agriculture Doyle Conner).
BRIEFS FOR WOMEN
$50,000 in prizes will again be offered
in the annual national Chicken Cooking
Contest. The deadline for submitting en-
tries is February 15. Interested contest-
ants are urged to send for their free
entry blanks at once. Write to Mrs. Anne
C. Nesbitt, home economist, Delmarva
Poultry Industry, Route 2, Box 47,
Georgetown, Delaware 19947. Last year's
first place winner was Mrs. Robert E.
Kerr of New Milford, Ohio, with her
"Sunshine C Chicken" recipe.
find that food takes only about
13 percent instead of the 19 men-
A recent study conducted by
the USDA revealed that almost
one-third of the food store dollar
goes for non-food expenditures.
Soap (including detergents)
takes 3.7 cents of the food dollar;
health and beauty supplies (home
permanents) claim another 3.7
cents; paper products (towels,
napkins, bathroom tissue, paper
plates and cups) add 3.1 cents to
the non food area; and laundry
and cleaning supplies another 2.9
Add to these household service
commodities such general mer-
chandise as hardware and cloth-
ing sold in the one-stop shopping
center (amounting to 4.5 cents)
and the total of 24.5 cents of the
dollar is spent before the home-
maker arrives at the food dis-
A more strict separation of food
into human and non-human nu-
trition adds 1.7 cents for pet
foods and 4.5 cents for beverages
Household hints dept.: An empty cof-
fee tin can makes a perfect oven for
baking one potato. Just put the potato
in the tin, replace the cover and cook the
potato over a low flame on top of the
range.-From Mrs. D. H., Daytona Beach.
Share your household hints with other
readers. Send them to editor, Florida
Agriculture, 4350 SW 13th St., Gaines-
A disgruntled husband, in Michigan
last month, angry at his wife, took out
his wrath on a grocery store. He went on
a shopping spree. For more than four
hours he loaded up 30 grocery carts and
ran them past a checkout counter. The
bill added up to $618.67, but the man only
had $10. His story about being mad at
his wife didn't keep him from going to
jail, however. (Newspaper item).
Dunedin's Mabel Hall of 1011 East
Michigan Drive recently requested a
(beer, wine, soft drinks and the
like); and these push the non-
food share of the dollar up an-
other 3.7 cents.
Few homemakers break down
their accounts to indicate what
part of the dollar spent in the
food store is for human nutrition
and what is for other commodities.
With approximately $80 billion a
year of the nation's income spent
in food markets, about $25 billion
is for non-food purchases.
The modern supermarket is
similar to the general store of the
old days, but on a grander scale
since it carries hundreds, even
thousands of items the general
store operator knew nothing
about. The large, modem super-
market can carry on its shelves
more than 8,000 items, including
a variety of advertised and house
brand names of the same item. A
large percentage of these stocks
were unknown as recently as 10
Without the efficiency of the
American farmer all this would
not be possible.
copy of Florida's Agriculture's cookbook.
The editors of this page are grateful to
Miss Hall for remembering the popular
cookbook compiled and sold several years
ago. The supply was sold out. Readers
will be notified if a new edition is
Answer to the anguished cook. Q. My
new range has an automatic surface unit
or "burner with a brain" which is sup-
posed to cook at the exact temperature I
set. But most of the recipes I've tried on
it-even the ones that came with the
range-seem to come out undercooked.
The serviceman says the range is perfect.
Am I doing something wrong? Answer:
Chances are you're not using the right
kind of cookware on your automatic unit.
Many utility companies and range manu-
facturers specify aluminum cookware for
use on these special temperature con-
trolled elements. The reason is heat con-
Florida Agriculture, January, 1968
Rate: 100 per word; min $2. Display $10 col inch.
P. O. Box 7605, Orlando, Florida 32804.
BOOKS MANUSCRIPTS WRITERS POEMS
LYRICWRITERS-Write songs with writers who write
hits for top Nashvil'e artists Globe, 420 Broad,
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publicity, advertising, handsome books.
Send for FREE report on your manu-
script & copy of How To Publish Your
CARLTON PRESS Dept. VZA
84 Fifth Ave., New York, 10011
FARM BOOK. "Selecting, Fitting and Showing Beef
Cattle", by H. E. Latig and J. E. Norby, $1.95
postpaid. Request book no. 594. Write: Interstate
Printers, Dept. FA, Danville, III. 61832.
SPARE TIME MONEY making opportunity. We pay
cash for nothing-but your opinions, written from
home, about samples of our clients' products.
Nothing to sell, canvass or learn. NO SKILLS. NO
EXPERIENCE. Just honesty. Details from: Research
669, Mineola, N. Y. 11501, Dept. FM-21.
CHRISTIAN FAMILIES-you can earn $200 to $300 a
month, part time if you will assist us in our busi-
ness. Can take up to six families immediately.
All applicants will be interviewed. Write Adv. "CF",
care Farmer's Mart, Box 7605, Orlando, Fla. 32804.
BELIEVE IT OR NOT manure has a tremendous profit
potential. If you are not presently taking advantage
of this potential from your chicken, cattle, horse
or hog manure, write for free literature, No obliga-
tion. P. O. Box 8802, Orlando, Fla. 32806.
AUSTRALIA NEEDS American farmers, people with
know-how. Opportunity unlimited. Government-as-
sisted passage. Information $1. Pacifico, Box
43485-K, Los Angeles, Calif. 90043.
TRAINED REGISTERED Catahoula Leopard Cow Hog
Dogs. Money back guarantee. Pups. Charles Whitner,
Roxton, Texas 75477. Phone 214 Fl 6-3241.
CALF CREEP FEEDERS. 30 Bu. capacity $88.50. Dealer-
ships available. Free literature. Dolly Enterprises, 202
Main, Colchester, III. 62326.
SPRAYER AND LIQUID fertilizer tanks. Raven cen-
Irifugally molded fiberglass tanks are available in
5 diameters: 23, 30, 38, 42 & 48 inches, with capa-
city ranging from 20 to 1,000 gallons. Tank features
corrosion resistance seamless interiors, floating fitting
design, uniform thickness, light weight & high
strength. New storage capacities up to 6,000 gallon
in seamless vertical & horizontal fiberglass tanks.
Raven Industries, Box 1007, Sioux Fal:s, S. D.
f1i EQUIPMENT COMPANY
Supplier of a Complete Line
of Quality Irrigation Equipment
511 So. 4th St.
CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT. Draglines, tractor-
backhoes, pumps, pick-ups, etc. Saine Company, Inc.
314 Piedmont St., Orlando, F,a.
FREE KODACOLOR FILM with roll developed and
enlarged. 8 or 12 exposures $1.98. 20 exposures
$3.25. Failures credited. Send this ad with order.
Skrudland Photo, Dept. FA, Lake Geneva, Wisconsin
HEARING AIDS-Batteries-Repairs Wholesalel Buy
direct world's largest hearing service. Free bro-
chure. Florida Hearing Center, Box 211, St. Peters-
QUALITY HEARING AIDS-1/3 Dealer's Prices. No
salesmen. Easy terms. Latest models. Sensational
Battery Chargers. Lloyd's, P. O. Box 1645C, Rock-
ford, Illinois 61110.
HUNTING & FISHING
COLLAPSIBLE FARM-POND FISH TRAPS: animal traps.
Postpaid. Free information, pictures. SHAWNEE,
3934 C Buena Vista, Dallas, Tex. 75204
LIVESTOCK & SUPPLIES
BRED GILTS, Open Gilts, Young Boars. Certified
meat type Yorkshire herd Eest by test: production,
carcass. John Simpson, Alachua, Florida.
HOLSTEIN3. Registered or Grades-Cows, Heifers or
Calves. Make your selections direct from the farms
or will fill your order to your satisfaction. John M.
Smith, Box 63, Williamston, Michigan 48895. Phone
CONGO ANTIMALARIA STAMP set. Issued for World
Hea th Organization drive has catalogue value 65c.
To acquaint you with our choice set-and-singles ap-
provals we will let you have this set of three high
values for one dime. Doc and Edith Stamp Service,
Box 113FA, Caryville, F.a. 32427.
WORLD MIXTURE, deceased stamp dealers' stock.
$1.00. No follow up or approvals. Menehune Stamp
Co., P. O. Box 1098, Honolulu, Hawaii 96808.
BUY HUNDREDS OF ITEMS wholesale, many below
wholesale. Gigantic savings, loaded with money
making information. Details 1t0. Carman, 350 Grove-
port, Columbus, Ohio, 43207.
WOULD LIKE to correspond with shut-ins concerning
the Bible. No obligation. Rev. Pearl Warren, Full
Gospel, Lake Panasoffkee, Fla. 33538.
TYPEWRITER RIBBON. Factory fresh 50 cents. $5.22
dozen. Specify machine. Koppel, 1191 NW 112 Ter-
race, M;ami, Fla. 33168.
ZIP CODE DIRECTORY. Every U.S. postoffice listed-
approx 35,000 zip codes at fingertips, wholesale:
$1.00 (How many?) Mailmart, Carrollton, Kentucky
WATCH REPAIR: Any make cleaned, repaired, parts
included, total price $4.95, 7-day service. Our 15th
year. Elgin trained experts. Send for free shipping
box. Hub's Service, 344 N. Alfred, Elgin, Illinois
GROVE AND RANCH loans. See us for long-term
financing. Hal Huckel, Mortgages. Room 406, Rut-
land Bldg., Orlando, Fla. Dial 423-5531.
WANTED OLD PLATES with pictures on them in fine
condition. Describe fuily and give price wanted.
Valladoa's, Route 6, Mattapoisett, Mass. 02739.
TWO QUESTIONS Answered, send birthdate, $1.00,
stamped envelope. Maronson, Box 5655, St. Louis,
PLANTS & NURSERY STOCK
600 ASSORTED SWEET ONION Plants with free
planting guide $3 postpaid. TOPCO "home of the
sweet onion". Farmersvil.e, Texas 75031.
POULTRY & RABBITS
RABBITS. Raise Rabbits for us on $500 month plan.
Free details. White's Rabbitry, Mt. Vernon, Ohio
LAKE TSALA-APOPKA. Beautiful lakefront lots, worth
$2,000, will se,l $1,395. Owner, Box 38, Hernando
Fla. Ph. 726-1584.
160 ACRES. Some water. $150 per acre. $5,000 down.
10 yrs., 5 percent. Excellent value. Morse & Co.,
Realtors, 2201 S Boy St., Eustis, Fla. 357-4174.
FARMS FOR SALEI FREE new 184 page illustrated
Spring 1968 Cata.ogl Describes hundreds of farms,
ranches, town and country homes, businesses, vaca-
tion, retirement and waterfront properties coast to
coastal Specify type property and location preferred.
Zip Code, please. United Farm Agency, 705-FB West
Colonial Drive, Orlando, Fla. 32804.
FOR SALE. 40 acres high and dry, 660 feet on small
lake. Also 40 acres high and dry, 1320 feet on
county road, school bus, phone, mail and electricity.
All or part, $300 per acre. R. O. Evans, Ph. 749-2293,
Box 163, Barberville, Fla.
WALTER SIMS, Realtor, Local and National Ex-
changor with coast-to-coast listings, presenting prop-
erties and solving problems through an active state-
wide exchange organization Call or write 3148 S.
Orange Ave., Orlando 32806, Ph. 305-425-7511.
SCHOOLS & INSTRUCTION
This handsome, full
sized lamp assures
light anywhere! In-
dispensab'e in emer-
gencies areat for
lodges, boats, trail-
ers. The "Porta-
Lamp" is powered
by a 6 volt twin
pack in its attractive
gold finish base.
Comes complete with
battery, ready to use.
$9.45 postpaid I
2 for $18.00
SAM RICHARDS TRADERS
Dept. F Bantam, Conn. 06750
iasg A. .., ;:
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even in the sun.
Sony TV 500-U weighs only 9.8 Ibs.
has 22 transistors, a 5" picture tube
and operates on AC or Batteries.
Retails for only $135.00. Discount
price $111.50. You save $23.50.
To order just clip advertisement and
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are guaranteed satisfaction or your
money refunded cheerfully. Order
early to insure prompt delivery.
There is no interstate tax on this
The FRANKLIN M. SPENCER COMPANY
108 Cemetery Street
Martinsville, Virginia 24112
LEARN AUCTIONEERING. Term soon. Free Catalog.
Reisch Auction College, Mason City 71, Iowa 50401
AUCTIONEERING. Resident and Home Study Courses.
Veteran Approved. Diploma granted. Auction School,
Ft. Smith, Ar.
FOR SALE: Nameplates, badges, truck signs, decals,
Pressure sensitive labels. Free catalog, samples and
quotations. Seton Nameplate Corp. Dept. FM, New
Haven, Conn, 06505.
COLLEGIATE BUSINESS INSTITUTE. IBM Key Punch, FARROWING STALLS. Complete $24.95. Dealership
Secretary Training. 250 N. Orange, Citizens Building, available. Free literature. Dolly Enterprises, 202 Main,
Orlando, Flo. Ph. 423-2536. Colchester, III. 62326.
FARMER'S MART, continued
20 VIRGIN BULLS
At Private Treaty
Big, heavy-boned, two and three
year old Registered
Herd & Range Bulls
Strong heads and excellent legs.
Brucellosis & TB free. Locally raised,
guaranteed breeders, performance
WHITE FACE ACRES
Northside Cross-State 60
10 miles west
MONEY FOR YOUR TREASURY
OVER 2 MILLION
were sold last year by members of societies, clubs,
groups, etc. They enable you to earn money for
your treasury and make friends for your organization.
Sample FREE to Official
SANGAMON MILLS, INC. Cohoes, N.Y. 12047
YOUR SEWING machine can be your "Pot of Gold"
-Profitable, easy home work Details 5(. Arcane,
2A25 FM Gettysburg, Dayton, Ohio 45406.
GRANDMA'S o'd fashion pickle recipes. Book of 48
different recipes. Send $1.00. Anna A. Flynn 304
"rover St., Winston-Salem, N.C. 27101.
IT'S FUN Raising Funds-with a Hat Party. $50.00
to $250.00 easy for Civic or Church groups. Write
Best Fashions, Box 91, Charlotte, N.C. 28202.
TOO LATE TO CLASSIFY
BIBLE QUESTIONS answered. Write Earl Finch, Box
I3 L M 0 h 4 4 N bl
Commenting on the current wave of
civil disobedience, Dr. E. T. York, Jr.,
provost for Agriculture at the University
of Florida, said last month that many
people seem to have lost their perspective
about the true meaning of freedom.
York asserted freedom isn't a license
to do what one pleases, but must be ac-
companied by disciplined and responsible
behavior. Otherwise, he said, it may be-
come a curse rather than a blessing.
The remarks were from an address en-
titled "Freedom in Perspective" for
which York received the Valley Forge
Freedoms Foundation George Washing-
ton award. He was one of seven in the
nation to receive it.
York said some people consider patriot-
ism to be "old hat" something to be
sneered at or made light of. "If a man
gets out and waves the American flag he
is likely to be called a reactionary or
looked upon as an odd ball," he declared.
Throughout the country, he said we
see many groups and individuals who, in
the name of freedom, show complete dis-
regard if not contempt for discipline, re-
straint, and responsibility which are es-
KEEPS YOUR SOIL IN BALANCE
high calcium lime
that will balance your soil
and make it more responsive
to fertilizer depend on Dolime. Special
field consultants will call on you, analyze your
soil and recommend the best mixture for your
soil. Dolime is exclusively produced by Florida Dolomite
Company of Palmetto and Florida Lime Works Inc. of Citronelle.
D5LIME MINERALS COMPANY
P. O. Box 1441 Bartow, Florida 33830 Phone 813/533-8144
DOLIME MAKES YOUR GOOD EARTH EVEN SWEETER!
Registered bulls, mostly by our top
herd sire Hidden Hills OB 53, a
grandson of the famous Bardolier-
Also a good selection of yearling
bulls and heifers ideal for 4-H and
SYKES ANGUS RANCH
Ph. 683-5134, 683-1464
Rt. 1, Box 356-0
WEST PALM BEACH, FLA.
sential to the very maintenance of free-
He said we hear "freedom from war"
preached by people who, like all of us,
would like to see peace throughout the
world. But these people haven't faced
up to consequences of our failing to meet
the commitments which we as a nation
have made to protect and advance de-
These are the groups who wilfully vio-
late the law because they don't agree
with it-those who place great emphasis
on their own rights but show little regard
for the rights, welfare, and safety of
others. This isn't an expression of free-
dom, but rather an expression of the
"law of the jungle." Without law and
order, society will destroy itself, he
If a person feels a law is wrong or un-
just, the provost said he has recourse to
established court procedures to have it
changed. This is how civilized society
must operate, he said.
If we are to reverse the present trends
and break out of the cycle which has
characterized the downfall of other great
nations, York said we must re-kindle this
great American dream of freedom, and
re-dedicate ourselves to keeping it alive.
CLAYTON & LAMBERT
FARM FEEDING & STORAGE SYSTEMS
P. 0. BOX 367 (904) 481-2345
Nematode and Bacteria
Scientists are working to exploit a
fortunate partnership between a nema-
tode and bacteria team that may control
several major insect pests.
The microscopic worm, named the DD
136 nematode, carries bacteria that kill
insects, but is itself apparently immune.
The bacteria have no scientific name as
Certain kinds of nematodes are harm-
ful to crops and animals, but the DD 136
nematode and its bacterial hitchhiker af-
fect only insects. From the insects, the
nematode obtains sterols-chemicals oc-
curring naturally in the insect's bodies
that are essential to the nematode's
growth and reproduction. Discovery of
the nematodes' use of the insect sterols
was made by ARS biologist S. R. Dutky
and his associates at the Insect Physiolo-
gy Pioneering Research Laboratory,
Large numbers of the nematode can be
reared easily and cheaply in the labora-
tory. Nematodes can then be stored in
cans for long periods without food or in-
sect hosts and used when needed.
Florida Agriculture, January, 1968
5 ayne, ic o o igation.
Florida Farm Bureau
4350 SW 13th St., Gainesville
Arthur E. (Art) Karst, Vero Beach, Florida
2311 Victory Bldv. Ph. 305-562-5681
Walter J. Kautz, Canal Point, Florida
P. 0. Box 132. Ph. 305-924-7794
Forrest Davis, Jr., Quincy, Florida
Route 3, Box 225 A. Ph. 904-627-3356
Robert L. Clark, Jr., Ft. Lauderdale, Fla.
1575 Ponce de Leon Drive. Ph. 305-523-6848
EXECUTIVE VICE PRESIDENT
T. K. McClane, Jr., Gainesvi;le, Florida
4350 SW 13th St., Ph. 904-372-0401
J. S. Allen, Jr., Umatilla, Florida
Wayne Boyette, Lake City
J. J. Brialmont, Bell, Florida
Robert L. Clark, Jr., Ft. Lauderdale, Fla.
Mrs. Marvin Crutchfield, Panama City, Fla.
Forrest Davis, Jr., Quincy, Florida
R. R. Denlinger, Dade City, Florida
Richard E. Finlay, Jay, Florida
E. H. Finlayson, Greenville, Florida
Mrs. J. A. Frazier, Williston, Florida
Charles E. Freeman, Okeechobee, Fla
Bruce Fulerton, Lake Wales, Florida
Arlen Jumper, Weirsdale, Florida
Arthur E. Karst, Vero Beach, Florida
/ arvin Kahn, Sebring, Florida
Walter J. Kautz, Canal Point, Florida-
J. A. Miles, Jr., Plant City, Florida
Wayne Mixson Marianna, Florida
E. C. Rowell, Wildwood, Florida
Walter Welkener, Jacksonville, Fla.
Earl W. Ziebarth, Pierson, Florida
"You all buy the budget
and you all buy the deficit.
And, the deficit now amounts
to $1,800 for every man,
woman and child in the coun-
try, including any angelic lit-
tle cherub born in an Orlando
"But unlike newborn babies
you haven't squalled very
much. It's about time you do.
"There is nothing so
wretched as an insolvent
country. But while other in-
solvent nations can come to
the U.S. for aid there's no
place for us to go."
-U.S. Senator Everett M.
Dirksen, R-Ill., in a press in-
terview following his recent
appearance in Orlando, Flor-
The President's Message
Having completed our policy de-
velopment process thru adoption of
resolutions at the county, state and
national level, we now embark upon
the task of getting public under-
standing and help in including our
beliefs and recommendations in the
development of public policy-law
Virtually all of FFBF's views are
reflected in the AFBF policy, as
approved by the voting delegates at
the convention in Chicago last
month. There are no major changes
in AFBF policy position. However,
there are quite a few more specific
statements than heretofore. As in
any democratically organized and
operated organization, especially
with voluntary memberships, not all
policies are espoused and supported
by a hundred percent of the mem-
bers. Sometimes there is an honest
difference of opinion as to ways and
means to reach a desired end. Any
differences which might occur are
mostly attributable to the varia-
tions in production and marketing
practices in the different geograph-
ical sections of the country, plus
different state laws governing edu-
cation, taxation, public health, con-
servation, labor, inspection, trans-
portation, etc. A promotional pro-
gram for citrus, for instance, would
not necessarily be the best plan for
New York, Michigan and Wisconsin
The views of a Kansas wheat
grower do not usually coincide with
those of a South Florida winter
vegetable grower as to the proper
role of the USDA in assigning of
acreage allotments and subsidies.
There are, in some parts of the
country and in some of the so-called
basic commodities, growers who
have never sold their product in
the open, free market-always hav-
ing been under some Federal Com-
1 Arthur E. (Art) Karst, Vero Beach
dent, Florida Farm Bureau Federation
modity Credit loan, or subsidy pro-
gram. Naturally, this type farmer
is wary of change. The complexities
of the world agricultural market
make it more difficult to effect
Obsolete production and market-
ing practices must give way to their
modern counterparts. There just
aren't many buggy whip manufac-
turers any more. Agriculture must
keep pace with the ever changing
factors of our economy if we are to
fulfill our role. With an ever de-
creasing percentage of our popula-
tion being engaged in agricultural
production, the more necessary it
becomes for us to work together to
solve our common problems.
A recent article in the Wall Street
Journal (Dec. 14, 1967), if not read
carefully and in its entirety, would
lead one to think the paper was be-
ing unduly critical of Farm Bureau
and its affiliated services. In real-
ity, the article explains, to a degree,
the organizational structure of Farm
Bureau and the service companies.
It also quoted some of Congressman
Resnick's remarks and unfounded
charges, indicating how far off base
the Congressman has been in his'
quest for personal publicity to fur-
ther his political career. The article
further demonstrates big city lack
of knowledge and understanding of
today's complex agriculture espe-
cially the cost-price squeeze and the
economic necessity for cooperative
purchasing and marketing.
So as the script gradually changes,
we must ever be ready and able to
explain our position and prove its
worth. We take our stand thru the
democratic process, with majority
rule. Florida Farm Bureau can,
and does, defend its position on
We look forward to a fruitful year
ahead in working with the legisla-
Florida Agriculture, January, 1968
ture and other public and private
groups toward the best interests of
all in the building of Florida and
LETTERS TO EDITOR
Dear Editor: Thanks for printing the
article and suggested form on page 3 of
the last issue. Up-to-the minute informa-
tion such as this is really very worth-
while and I hope that you can have
something on agriculture zoning and
special assessments again.
Loren F. Miller, Lutz
(Editor's note: the above refers to Mr.
McClane's article on County Zoning
Boards printed last month. Readers are
again urged to clip and mail the printed
form to their county tax assessor.)
Dear Editor: Please send us an 8 x 10
full color picture of the Florida Farm
Bureau state office building at Gaines-
ville. Enclosed is our check in the amount
of $3.00 for payment. Thank you.
D. C. Cropenbaker, General Agent
Hernando County Farm Bureau
(Editor's note: The above refers to an
offer by this magazine to supply the color
pictures as described. Other county FB's
or individuals desiring prints are invited
to order them at $3.00 each. They are ex-
cellent for framing because the FFBF
building is one of the most attractive in
Dear Editor: I am a handicapped
veteran. I have a project to keep busy
with, in an effort to forget my defects. I
am collecting real old calendars to use as
illustrations in a history of the calendar
I am compiling. I have four, for 1882,
1883, 1887 and 1896, but am looking for
others. I am also collecting old valentines,
post cards, bookmarks and merit cards. I
hope some of your readers might care to
send me any of the above. I'd be glad to
Leon Thompson, 623 Federal East
Seattle, Washington 98102
Dear Editor: We are happy to make
the third Sunday time on Agri-World
available to the Farm Bureau.
(Editor's note: Readers are invited to
write short letters for this column.)
Using 100% as a basis for the entire
national income the following shows
what percentage of the total the various
Compensation to employees 71%
Business and professional 6.9%
Corporation Profits 13.1%
Rental Income 3.1%
From 1968 edition of the Simon and
Schuster Almanac and yearbook.
Florida Agriculture, January, 1968
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