Title: Florida agriculture
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075932/00008
 Material Information
Title: Florida agriculture
Physical Description: v. : illus. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Farm Bureau Federation
Publisher: Florida Farm Bureau Federation.
Place of Publication: Gainesville etc
Frequency: monthly (except june, july and aug.)[19]
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 9- 1950-
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075932
Volume ID: VID00008
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01375465
lccn - sn 78001276
issn - 0015-3869
 Related Items
Preceded by: Bulleltin

Full Text
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Srror rounaea
i...November 25

* 14k





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Yes, it's a good feeling to know that your acreage is part of
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Phone 294-3321


P. O. Box 660
Winter Haven, Fla.

OFFICE: 1337 42nd St., N. W.


Bradford Oil Co. Lewis Abraham Fleetwing Corp. Pineboro Machinery Crop. Kirkpatrick Fuel Oil Co.
P. O. Box 1202 513 N. 10th Street P. O. Box 22 6314 W. Hillsboro Avenue Box 456
Winter Haven, Fla. Dade City, Florida Lakeland, Florida Tampa, Florida 516 Irma Street
William B. Garrard 567-2129 Walter A. Smith Frank A. Stenholm Tavares, Florida
294-3158 686-8161 872-0530 343-4221


By T. K. McClane, executive vice president, FFBF

Well, we finally have an official, legal
legislature; maybe, unless one of the
Courts changes its mind again. Due to
the Court's interference, the reapportion-
ment, and all other shenanigans during
the first three months of 1967 we will
have without doubt the least prepared and
informed legislature that we've had in re-
cent history. There will be a few veter-
ans, of course, who have had time to pre-
pare themselves for this session. In most
cases, however, even the veterans have
had to campaign steadily for six and a
half weeks before they knew they were
in. There simply hasn't been time for
them to even hold local hearings on de-
sired legislation in their own districts,
much less attend meetings on matters of
general legislation. Only the ill-advised
and uninformed would attempt to predict
what any legislature would do and espe-
cially this one. With your help, we'll do
all we can and hope for the best.
The District Meetings together with
the various tax proposals are discussed
in Al Alsobrook's article on page 14. A
new proposal has been approved by the
Board of Directors of the Florida Agri-
cultural Tax Council who recommends it
to its member organizations. I am hope-
ful that the Florida Farm Bureau Board
will approve this proposal at its meeting
this month. Basically, this idea amends
the original true "Green Belt Law" to re-
quire that each county have an Agricul-
tural Zoning Board made up of the Board
of County Commissioners, the Tax As-
sessor and the County Agricultural A-
gent. This Board shall zone all lands
within the county as either agricultural or
non-agricultural. The tax-payer or his
representative must file a return request-
ing assessment as agricultural land, and
furnish such information as may reason-
ably be required to establish that said
lands were actually used for bona fide
agricultural purposes. When agricultur-
ally zoned land is diverted to another
use, the Board shall reclassify such prop-
erty as non-agricultural. The real key
to this proposal is the following section:
"The Board may also reclassify land
zoned as agricultural to non-agricul-
tural when there is a contiguous ur-
ban or metropolitan development on
two or more sides; and when the
Board finds that the continued use
of such lands for agricultural pur-
poses will act as a deterrent to the
timely and orderly expansion of the
This is the first proposed procedure
that we have studied which actually gets
at the problem of abuses under the Agri-
cultural Assessment Act, because it per-

mits the Zoning Board to remove the Ag
Assessment privilege from farmland when
it is obvious to any reasonable person
that its value for other purposes has so
far outgrown its use as agricultural land
as to be patently discriminatory. For
those of you who fear zoning, please note
that this is an agricultural zoning board
and not a zoning board in the sense that
most of us know it. Also note that the
authority of this zoning board is strictly
limited to reclassifying lands that have
been diverted to other uses or are obvious-
ly obstructing the timely and orderly de-
velopment of the community. We sin-
cerely believe that this has great possibil-
ity of eliminating the abuses under the
Ag Assessment Act which are causing us
so much trouble politically. The Agricul-
tural Assessment Act would also be
amended so as to say that land zoned for
agricultural purposes shall be assessed
only as to its agricultural value.
Another matter of extreme importance
to agriculture is the determination of ap-
propriations for the Institute of Food and
Agricultural Science in the State Depart-
ment of Agriculture. We are in a most
critical position. As you know, the Insti-
tute of Food and Agriculture Science in
the State Department of Agriculture pre-
pared their budgets which were submit-
ted to and approved by the Florida Agri-
cultural Council made up of 38 agricul-
tural organizations of which Farm Bureau
is one. These budgets were submitted to
the Board of Regents and approved as

Coming Events Calendar ....... 7
County Activities ............. 11
District Meetings ............. 14
Field Services ................ 10
Information Dept ............. 8
Insurance Safety Awards ....... 12
Officers & Directors ........... 23
Outstanding Farmer .......... 16
President's Message .......... 22
SMV Emblem Program .........18
Tours and Travel ............. 9
Women's Activities ........... 18
Youth Activities .............. 16

Florida Agriculture, April, 1967

recommended. However, the Budget Com-
mission upon recommendation by the
Budget Director slashed the requests of
the Florida Agricultural Council by 6/4
million dollars. This could mean the stag-
nation or possibly the complete elimina-
tion of the College of Agriculture, the
Agricultural Experiment Station or the
Agricultural Extension Service which in-
cludes the County Agents and Home
Demonstration Agents. We simply must
prove to the legislature the absolute need
of these funds and get them to restore
these cuts. The situation is already criti-
cal, Florida has already slipped from a
national rating of 14th to 38th among
comparable State Programs in average
salaries of its agricultural scientists.
For example: Georgia ranks 15th
among the 53 state experiment stations in
salaries for associate professors; Alabama
ranks 18th, while Florida is 42nd--or 10th
from the bottom. This kind of competi-
tion has made it virtually impossible to
obtain and keep the kind of qualified per-
sonnel that we want and deserve. During
the last year 78 of our top folks in the
Institute have resigned to accept employ-
ment elsewhere. In addition to this, more
than 150 top scientists have received of-
fers from 25 to 90 per cent above their
present salaries here. It is obvious that
if we don't get closer to the competition,
we're going to lose some more of the very
best people that we have, including peo-
ple who have experience that we can't
possibly obtain in their replacements.
The real loser, if we don't correct this
situation, will be the State of Florida and
its multi-billion dollar agricultural indus-
try, which represents the most import-
ant part of the state's economy. These
programs have provided returns many,
many times their cost to the state of
Florida; and all Florida has a stake in
the continuation of high-quality agricul-
tural education, research and extension.
The State Department of Agriculture
received considerably smaller, but yet ser-
ious cuts in their requests and we must
make effort to be sure that these are also
restored. This is a must for all of us dur-
ing the legislature, so I hope each individ-
ual Farm Bureau member will make an
effort to express himself on this matter
to his Senator and Representatives. Your
County Farm Bureau President and
Board of Directors will be working on this
also, but we need the help and support
of every single member in this major ef-


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22 minute
on Cattle Health

This new film takes a close look at
factors that determine a cattle
grower's return on his investment.
Entitled "Where it Counts" it
bring into sharp focus the prob-
lem of gastrointestinal roundworms,
which are estimated to cost the cattle
industry in America some $100 mil-
lion a year, far more than losses
from foot rot, shipping fever and
scours combined.
The film shows techniques for
detecting roundworms in cattle and
offer suggestions for establishing
programs which have proved their
effectiveness in enabling cattle to
gain more weight.
"Where It Counts" is available for
showings by interested groups. For
information write Miss Claire Nelson,
Merck Chemical Division, Rahway,
New Jersey.



Milk Order Hearings
Set for April 28-May 1
The U.S. Department of Agricul-
ture has postponed until April 28 and
May 1 the public hearing first announ-
ced for April 6 and 7, on amending the
Southeastern Florida and Tampa Bay
federal milk marketing orders.
Officials of USDA's Consumer and
Marketing Service said the hearing
sessions are now set for: April 28, Tam-
pa, 10 a.m., International Inn, Corner
of West Shore and Kennedy Blvd.;
May 1, Miami, 9 a.m., Columbus Ho-
tel, 50 Biscayne Blvd.
Consumer and Marketing Service
officials said interested persons have
asked for the postponement because of
a conflict in their work schedules. The
hearing agenda will be the same as was
announced earlier. (For more advance
information write: Information Divi-
sion, USDA Southeast Area Office,
1795 Peachtree Road, N.E., Atlanta
30309 or phone 526-5156.)

The Florida Citrus Commission and
the Chevrolet Division of General Motors
are sponsoring a month-long promotional
campaign in Birmingham, Alabama all
April. Free bags of citrus are being
offered to those who visit Chevrolet show-
rooms; also a grand prize will be awarded
to the person guessing the nearest num-
ber of oranges loaded into a Super Sport
Camere on display. Food stores partici-
pating in the campaign will give Kiddie
Corvettes and 50 home electric juicers as
awards in contests to be conducted all
this month.


Vol. 26, No. 4, April, 1967
Established 1943. Published monthly except
June, July and August. Publication date 10th
of current month. Owned by Florida Farm
Bureau Federation, 4350 SW 13th St., Gaines-
ville. Florida, 32601. President, Arthur E.
Karst, Vero Beach; Vice President, Billy
Hill, Jasper; Secretary, Robert L. Clark, Ft.
Lauderdale; Treasurer, Walter Kautz, Canal
Point; Executive Vice President, T. K. Mc-
Clane, Jr., Gainesville; Office Manager.
Ruth Sloan, Gainesville. Printed by Cody
Publications. Second Class Postage Paid at
Kissimmee, Florida. Notice of change of ad-
dress should be sent to 4350 SW 13th St.,
Gainesville, Fla., Zip Code 32601. Send
editorial copy to P.O. Box 7605, Orlando,
Fla. Zip Code 32804. Phone 1-305-423-4163.
Editor, Hugh Waters; assistant, Martha Zeh-
ner. Subscription $5.00; outside U. S. $10.00
Send changes of address to 4350 SW 13th
St.. Gainesviile. Fla. 32601.

Florida Agriculture, April, 1967

Cover Picture Story
Horse Facts and Fancies. Did you
know that the horse originated right here
in North America? This is surprising
because when Columbus discovered
America in 1492, there was not a horse
to be found. The Indians had never seen
one. Yet skeletons of Eohippus, the
Dawn Horse, which you can see in
museums were dug up on our Western
Eohippus was a little animal about 12
inches high-not much larger than a fox.
He had four toes and a splint on his
forefeet and three toes and a splint on
his hindfeet. One toe on each foot was
larger than the others and he could run
extremely fast. And run Eohippus did
for millions of years.
It is easy to understand why those
animals of the species who could run the
fastest and wander the farthest in search
of food had the best chance of survival.
With each generation, by natural selec-
tion, the descendants developed legs a
little longer, lungs a little bigger for good
wind and stamina, and stronger teeth for
chewing tough wild grasses or maybe
even for biting an enemy.
He gradually grew taller and larger.
Also only one toe touched the ground,
this allowed for greater speed. Eventually
the second and fourth toes became the
splint bones. What happened to the first
and fifth toes, no one knows. They just
disappeared with time. By the time of
the last Ice Age, about one million years
ago, all four feet had hooves. Hippus
had grown to the size of a small pony-
Equus, the common ancestor of every
breed of horse we know today.
Sometime between the eras of Eohippus
and of Equus, the prehistoric horses in
America wandered up to Alaska. They
crossed the Bering Strait, either on the
Arctic ice or via a land bridge that then
existed. They entered the continent of
Asia and found its grasses good. From
there they ranged into Europe and Africa
-to every part of every continent except
Meanwhile the American horses dis-
appeared for some reason still unknown.
So when the Spanish Conquistadores in
the 16th century brought the first modern
horse to these shores, they were bringing
him back home.
(Above is from a new book called
"Top Form", by Frederick Harper, which
tells more history about horses: how to
select a horse, how to care for; how to
protect; how to feed; common diseases
and lameness; and many other items of
interest to horse owners. The book pub-
lished by Popular Library is in paper-
back and sells for 850 at most stores. If
unobtainable write the author who is
extension Associate in Horse Manage-
ment at Rutgers University, New Bruns-
wick, N.J.)

The cover picture for this issue was
made for Florida Agriculture by H. Arm-
strong Roberts.

Florida Agriculture, April, 1967 5

contamination of grease
ended forever!

The Man from Standard delivers!

Proper lubrication of your equipment
is essential in each cultivation cycle.
Standard's Econo-Grease Gun, with its
multi-purpose cartridge, protects vital
friction points from costly contamina-
tion of grease. Call your Standard Oil
Man- discover why so many Southern
farmers turn to him with confidence.




Sfor the Grove & Family Needs
Dade City -- Eustis -- Ft. Pierce
Orlando -- Sebring -- Winter Haven


Farming is a natural life and I think
is the way a person was meant to live.
The way we live today is partly artificial,
These are comments made last month
by Gary Player, noted professional
golfer from South Africa during the
annual Citrus Open Championship held
in Orlando. Mr. Player owns a farm
in his native country and looks forward
to settling down and living there with
his wife and five children.

A metropolitan newspaper in the mid-
west recently surveyed a shopping center
to learn how many people knew the name
of their state legislator. Only three of
25 citizens were able to identify the man
or woman who is making decisions which
affect their lives intimately. The same
newspaper plans to conduct a similar
survey in a rural area for comparison.

Italy is alarmed by the flight of young
farmers to cities. In the last dozen years
half of the rural residents in their early
20's left for higher pay, easier work and
more comfortable entertaining life of-
fered by the cities, according to a re-
cent newspaper report from Cuneo, It-
aly. The report further said that in a
few years nobody will remain on the
farms to cultivate the land because most
of the farmers are over 50 at present.
Two bills have been drafted by the gov-
ernment to induce young men to stay
on the farm. One would establish a "fi-
delity prize" protecting sons who re-
main on the land from property claims
by brothers who leave. The other would
encourage old farmers to retire on good
pensions so the young would inherit

The defeated South got some early
revenge, according to Wesly Stout,
former editor, Saturday Evening Post,
in a recent newspaper column. He said:
"In the late 1860's many of Dixie's
great plantations were leased at stiff
rentals to Yankees afflicted with the
delusion that they could grow cotton at
a profit. With no exception we know of,
all lost their shirts."

Grocery prices declined substantially
last month but the cost of living rose.
Higher costs for housing, clothing, trans-
portion and medical care offset drops
in food prices, according to a govern-
ment report.

How to make a good cup of coffee is
being taught at Harvard. A seminar is
being given primarily for employees
of the university's numerous dining
rooms, which serve about 25,000 cups

The famous Cardinal grape which
grows abundantly in Northern Greece is
a transplant from California. A plant di-

"What do they mean, 'Never cry over
spilled milk'?"
sease destroyed many of the area's vin-
yards sometime back and the California
grape was imported because it resists di-
sease better according to a recent news
dispatch from Salonika, Greece.

$50 million annually is the toll mos-
quitoes exact from Americans, accord-
ing to the National Communicable Di-
sease Center, which said recently that
the amount will be spent on research,
eradication and control of the pest.

"How to prevent dust" is the title of
a new brochure just off the press, and
available free to farmers. The four page
illustrated pamphlet describes the sim-
ple steps necessary to achieve good re-
sults. Free copies may be obtained by
writing Calcium Chloride Institute, 909
Ring Building, Washington, D.C. 20036.
Ask for bulletin PD-1.

There are 100 counties over the na-
tion, with a total population of 297,000
which have no doctor, the American
Medical Ass'n reports. Another 150
counties, with a total population of 753,-
000 population are served by only one
physician each. A bill has recently been
introduced in Congress to establish a
$10 million loan program for develop-
ment of some 200 rural community med-
ical clinics.

The 270 acre home farm of Charles B.
Shuman, AFBF President, has been in
his family since 1853. Mr. Shuman and
his family live on the farm, located near
Sullivan, Illinois. He commutes to the
AFBF national offices in nearby Chi-
cago daily. With his three sons he ac-
tively operates the farm, which also
raises Angus cattle.

Florida's ranking cattle county is
Hillsborough, according to recent fig-
ures released by the Florida Cattlemen's
Ass'n in a brochure entitled "The Flor-
ida Beef Story." Behind Hillsborough

comes Polk followed by Palm Beach,
Osceola, Okeechobee, Hendry, Marion,
Highlands, Alachua and Glades, the re-
port shows. Nationally the ranking state
for beef cattle is Texas followed by
Iowa, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma,
South Dakota, California, Missouri, Il-
linois and Montana, with Florida in 16th
place, according to the FCA.

Why is the price of land on the in-
crease? Professor W. K. McPherson,
an economist with the Florida Agricul-
tural Experiment Stations says: "Today,
there are more people with more money
to spend, yet, still the same amount of
land to choose from." In a recent story
written by Ed Fisher, ass't experiment
station editor it was pointed out that "with
many city people looking for land as fu-
ture home sites, the result is too many
people chasing too little real estate and
this means higher prices." The story
tells about use of large tracts for roads,
schools, parks, reservoirs, airports and
other public services.

Florida soybean growers may secure
a new color illustrated booklet which
tells about selective herbicides for this
crop. For a copy write: and ask for
booklet AG-71 from Stauffer Chemical
Co., Agricultural Chemical Div., 2009
Orient Rd., Tampa, Fla. 33605.

Honey producers beware. This indus-
try in South America is being threatened
with possible extermination. High honey
producing bees were imported from Af-
rica several years ago by Brazil bee-
keepers. The African bees were known
to be ferocious but the importers thought
this trait could be bred out by cross-
ing them with native bees of gentle dis-
position. The reverse has taken place.
The new generations are more fero-
cious than the original parents. Unlike
most honey bees this type attacks in
swarms. Recently several humans have
been attacked and killed, and entire
flocks of chickens have been killed by
these bees along with animals of vari-
ous sizes. Futhermore the African
bees, exceedingly prolific, are cross-
breeding with many other kinds not
only in Brazil but in Argentina, South
America's leading honey producing coun-
try. (From a recent report by NBC's
Science Editor. For more information
and source of a detailed paper on the
.subject write Editor Florida Agriculture,
4350 SW 13th St., Gainesville).

Rural humor: To neutralize the odor
of the stockyards district as the bus
went by, a lady passenger bought a bot-
tle of lavender salts. She uncorked the
bottle one block away from the district
and kept it under her nose until the bus
passed the section.
One morning as she rode along she

Florida Agriculture, April, 1967

glanced out of the window and saw it
was time to uncork the bottle. She
did so and held it to her nose. As the
smell of the stockyards grew stronger
she held the bottle closer to her nose.
When the bus reached the heart of the
stock yards district a man across the
aisle shouted: "For gosh sakes, lady,
close that bottle!" Cappers Weekly

Cancer attacks more city people than
their country cousins according to a
booklet published by the U. S. Public
Health Service, which also reveals that
death rates from this disease are higher
in the Northeast than in the South.

$131,000 was paid last month for one
acre of rural land in Orange County.
The tract lies in the Disney tract and is
adjacent to Interstate 4.

Mushrooms with beef flawor and con-
taining a protein content similar to
beef too have been raised on slaughter
house meat wastes. A chemist recently
estimated that the mushrooms could be
used with ground meat to extend it for
about two cents a pound.

Public hearings are being held in
Portland, Oregon by the USDA on
whether to allow importation of certain
types of Japanese oranges into Wash-
ington, Oregon, Montana and Idaho.
Japanese oranges are now prohibited
entry into all states except Alaska be-
cause of the existence in Japan of a
citrus canker disease.

Florida farmers bought 15 percent
more tractors last year than the pre-
vious 12 months. This was a greater
increase than the U. S. average, which
was a 13% increase.

Hogback is the name of a gift shop,
which is offering an unusual item for
farm kitchens on page 20 of this issue.

April is the time to plant the new FL
hybrid marigold Golden Jubilee for sum-
mer flowering, in most parts of Florida.
These bright golden yellow fully double
flowers 31/2 to 4% inches in diameter
grow to about 20-24 inches in height with
deep, almost ball-shaped refined car-
nation-flowering blooms above the foli-
age. (From column by Alice Smart,

The Old Farmer's Almanac predicts
"dangerous gales" along the Atlantic
Coast this month.

A Kentucky farmer named Nathan
Stubblefield set up a home-made broad-
casting equipment in Murray, Ky. in
1892, when Marconi was still a teen-
ager, (From newspaper column by Frank


A round-up of agricultural shows, stock sales, Conventions, Field
Days, Rodeos, Farm Bureau meetings and others of interest to
farmers throughout Florida.

Apr. 11-12. Quarter annual meeting, FFBF board
of directors meeting. Place to be announced later.
April 11-13. West Fla. Fat Cattle Show. Quincy.
April 13. Madison Feeder Sale. Madison.
April 13. Gilchrist FB Board Meeting. 8 p.m. FB
Office. Trenton.
April 13. DeSoto FB Board Meeting. 8 p.m. FB
Office. Arcadia.
April 17. Lafayette FB Board Meeting. Community
Center. Dinner begins 7:30 p.m. Mayo.
April 17. Broward FB Board Meeting. 8 p.m. FB
Office. Pompano.
April 17. Lake Co. FB 8 p.m. Tavares.
April 18-21. TVA forest fertilizer meeting. Gaines-
Apr. 18-21. Festival of Fla. Foods. Exposition Park,
Orlando. (Spon. by Fla. Dept. of Agr).
April 19. Annual Indian River FB picnic. Jaycee
Park. 4:30 p.m. Vero Beach.
April 22. Fla. Angus Jubilee Sale. Ocala.
April 23. 4-H youth horse show, Rays arena. Tam-
Apr. 24-26. Animal Health Inst., annual meet,
Broadwater Beach Hotel, Biloxi, Miss.
Apr. 27-29. Annual Fla. Turf-Grass Trade Show.
Ft. Lauderdale.
May 1. Calhoun FB board meeting, Farm Bureau
office, Blountatown, 6:30 p.m. (CST).
May 2. Homes FB Board Meeting. 7:80 p.m. FB
Office. Bonifay.
May 3 Special Latin American Beef Conference.
niv. of Fla.. Gainesville.
May 5. Field Day, Everglades Exper. Sta. Belle
May 5-7. Annual Beef Cattle Short Course. Univ.
of Fla., Gainesville.
May 9. Sarsota FB Board Meeting. 8 p.m. 4129
Bee Ridge Rd. Sarasota.
May e910. Fla. Dairy Producers Conference.
May 10-12. First International Agribusiness Con-
ference. Sheraton Hotel. Chicago.
May 15-19. North American Regional Seminar of
Young World Food & Development Project. Des
Moines, Iowa.
Ma21. Pfizer's 15th annual Research Conference.
June 13-16. State Conv. Fla. Cattlemen's Ass'n.
Diplomat Hotel. Hollywood.

June 16-21. Amer. Jersey Cattle Club, annual
meet, Houston, Texas.
June 19. Annual meeting, Fla. Citrus Mutual.
(Place to be announced).
June 22, 23, 24. "Challenge of the Future" An-
gus tour Blue Stem of the Osage, Okla.
June 27-27. Annual Fla. Poultry Institute. Gaines-
July 4. Rodeo. Fairgrounds. Immokalee.
July 11. Quarter annual meeting, FFBF board of
directors meeting. 10 a.m. Gainesville building.
Aug. 7, 8, 9. American Angus Conference. Lexing-
ton, Ky.
Sept. 4. Rodeo. Immokalee.
Oct. 6, 7, 8. Annual rodeo. 7:30 p.m. Fri. & Sat.
Sun. 2 p.m. Bonlfay Football Field.
Oct. 10-14. Columbia County Fair. Ike City.
Oct. 16-22. Pensacola Interstate Fair. Pensacola.
Oct. 21. Liberty County 4-H Show Day. Bristol
Nov. 6-10. Okaloosa County Harvest Fair. Crest-
Nov. 6-11. Bay County Fair. Panama City.
Nov. 6-11. Putnam County Fair. Palatka.
Nov. 7-11. Sumter All Fla. Breeders Show & Coun-
ty Fair. Bevilles Corner.

April 19. Tour to South Pacific. 14 days.
April 26. Tour to Hawaii. 13 days.
May 16. Tour to Scandinavia. 30 days.
June 1 & 8. Two Tours to Alaska. 16 days.
June 7. Tour to Canada & British Isles. 42 day.
June 21. Tour to Hawaii. 13 days.
Aug. 12. Cruise tour to EXPO67, Montreal. Your
ship is your hotel. 11 days.
Sept. 1. Same as above.
Sept. 5. Tour to Europe.
Sept. 27. Tour to Hawaii.
Sept. 28. Fall Foliage Tour. 24 days.
Oct. 5. Fal Foliage Tour. 24 days.
Dec. 6. Tour to Hawaii. 13 days.
For free brochures and information regarding
tours write Mr. Ken Goy, manager, Farm Bureau
Tours, 4350 SW 13th St., Gainesvlle, Florida.
(More information elsewhere in this issue).

Why Do Mosquitoes Lay Eggs in Water?

Scientists have found that some mosquitoes are attracted by the odor of
bacteria and bacterial products in water. With this knowledge they may be
able to develop attractants that could be used to control the pests. Such
attractants, for example, might lead mosquitoes to locations where they could
be killed by insecticides without damage to fish or wildlife or might be ap-
plied in locations where eggs could not hatch. Tests are being made in
Gainesville. (From USDA's Agricultural Research Magazine.)

Florida Agriculture, April, 1967

w;k rn


By Al Alsobrook, director of Information, FFBF

Rattlesnake meat, frog legs. fried
chicken and Boniato potatoes .
Venison, wild boar, sliced turkey and
black-eyed peas .
Those are some of the foods pre-
pared and served to three bus loads
of "city folks" taking part in the
1967 Agricultural Tour of South
Dade County on March 3. As the
saying goes, "a good time was had
by all."
Farm Bureau has long been in-
terested in the tour project since
back in 1962 when the Dade County
Farm Bureau sponsored the first ag-
ricultural tour of South Dade. That
first effort was an attempt to en-
lighten commodity buyers, consum-
ers and public officials about Dade

"Eat all the strawberries you want,"
someone said. And eat they did.

County's quality agricultural prod-
ucts. Since that time the yearly
tour has grown in size and scope re-
quiring an all area effort to make it
the success it is.

This year's tour was sponsored by
WCKT, Channel 7, in Miami. It
was organized and conducted
through the efforts of many. how-
ever, including the Miami-Dade
Chamber of Commerce, and the
South Dade Council.
Bankers. men and women ot busi-

A delicious buffet luncheon ended the
tour and everyone had all they could
eat. The menu included rattlesnake meat
and wild boar.

ness and industry, legislators, sales-
men, attorneys, club women, and
representatives of the various news
media were among those touring the
area to find out just what goes on
in, under and atop the South Dade
They learned that the total farm
production value in Dade County
was more than $57 million in 1965.
They found out that more than
52,000 acres of Dade County land
was used to produce the 1965 vege-
table crop and nearly 11,000 acres

Air conditioned buses drove right into
the bean fields and everyone inspected
the ripening beans. Tomato fields, citrus
groves, and ornamental shrub fields were
included on the tour.

was used to grow fruit.
Some were surprised to learn that
Ornamental Horticulture is a $10
million a year business, poultry a $3
million a year industry and dairy
farms approaches the $3 million
They found out, by visiting in
the fields, that tomatoes, potatoes,
pole beans, squash, strawberries,
sweet corn, cabbage, peas, okra, Cu-
ban vegetables, snap beans and cu-
cumbers were among the crops grown
in the fertile soil.
At the beginning of the tour, as
everyone stood around sipping cof-
fee awaiting the arrival of the buses,
straw hats were given out. Atop
each hat were plastic replicas of
some of the Dade County products
and pinned to the upturned hat
brims were small signs reading, "You
Can't Keep Dade County Farm
Products Under Your Hat!"

Chatting during a refreshment break are (left to right) Norman
E. Sutton, vice president, Grove Management, Inc; Rep.
Harold G. Featherstone, Dade County; and John M. Fredrick,
past president, Dade County Farm Bureau and president,
Atlantic Fertilizer and Chemical Co., Homestead.

ur LUm -

State Senator Edmond Gong of Dade County poses for TV
cameras with "Woody" Woodcock, recent Republican candidate
for the Senate during a "bean field" stop, on the agricultural
tour. One of the air-conditioned tour buses is seen in back-


After seeing first hand the crops
of South Dade and hearing the story
of the multi-million dollar industry,
we must agree.
Too often, too many people don't
let their eyes or thoughts go beyond
the glittering hotels and neon lights
of Dade County's more notable areas
of Miami and the Beach.
Thanks to the agricultural leaders
of South Dade the rest of the story
is being told.
(Editor's note: Dade FB's John Fred-
rick of Homestead helped start this an-
nual agricultural tour several years ago
when he was President of the Dade Farm
Bureau. Mr. Fredrick is a long-time
leader in FB activities and is currently
a member of Dade's board of directors.)

Rural Families Seen
Facing Hardships
A University of Florida economist
predicts that more than half the rural
families in the South "will not be able to
meet their own health costs" from income
and other assets after the man of the
house retires.
"The truth is that most of these heads-
of-households now between 45 and 64 do
not make enough money to pay doctor
bills which statistics show are inevitable"
says Professor Daniel E. Alleger, associ-
ate economist with the state's Agri-
cultural Experiment Stations.
Furthermore, he says, just over one.
out of every three rural families in-
terviewed in Florida makes more than
$3,000 a year. The remaining two-thirds
average about $1,735 a year or $1,100
below what some government spokesmen
now say is needed to live.
Alleger said that according to current
Bureau of Labor figures, the annual
living costs for a retired couple in a small
community are "in the neighborhood of
$2,500 and for those living in larger cities,
about $3,000."

The developing countries had a 106
percent gain in tractors compared with
the developed nation's gain of 58% in the
last decade, according to the USDA.
"But, there's a catch", the department's
farm paper letter points out. In 1954 the
new countries had 7 percent of the
world's tractors and in 1964 still had only
7 percent.

U.S. production and consumption of
cigarettes hit an all-time high in 1966.
Production totaled 567.3 billion.

World 1966-67 cotton production is now
estimated at 47.5 million bales, down 11
percent from the world record set last
year. (The bales are 480 lbs net weight).


The finest in Travel

Like so many other things these days, travel has become a complicated
business. Trying to wade through the detailed maze of reservations, customs
requirements, passports and visas is an almost impossible task. With all this
facing them it's no wonder people throw up their hands and say "Never
But travel and vacations don't have to be difficult. Many Farm Bureau
members have already discovered that a trip to the Orient or around the
world is a simple and enjoyable experience. They go on a FARMER-TO-
FARMER escorted tour.
This unique travel program is designed especially for farmers, with
special attention to the first-time traveler. No detail is overlooked by the
experienced FARMER-TO-FARMER staff. Each tour participant receives
by mail, complete information on how to obtain a passport (it's really pretty
simple once it's explained), what clothes to take along, suggestions on things
to buy and even a word or two on how to pack the luggage. And as for
visas, customs, transfers and all the rest, forget it. That's all taken care
of by an expert Tour Director who accompanies each tour from start to
finish. He does the tipping, takes care of the baggage, pays the bills and
makes sure no one ever feels lost or confused.
FARMER-TO-FARMER travel is not only easy, it's fun and educa-
tional too. For every tour includes visits and get-togethers with local farmers
along the way. Only on a FARMER-TO-FARMER tour is, this opportunity
available. Participants are able to meet the people, gain a greater under-
standing of their way of life, and learn how others farm around the world.
Four tours to Hawaii are scheduled, for departures April 26, June 21,
Sept. 27 and Dec. 6. You Jet to the Islands from San Francisco or Los
Angeles; and you may fly or return via the luxury liner SS Lurline. 13
days of fun and relaxation. The tour arranges for air flights from your
nearest airport to point of departure, and return. Every detail is taken
care of-even tips.
There are other tours on the agenda, extending into the Fall. For a
list of them and free colorful brochures, just ask for them.


Mr. Ken Goy, manager
Farm Bureau Travel Tours
4350 SW 13th St.,
Gainesville, Florida
Please send me information and free brochures about:

0 Hawaii Tour
,O Alaska Tour
,O Scandinavia Tour


O Cruise to Europe
O Fall Foliage Tour
E other tours



City State Zip

Florida Agriculture, April, 1967


By Lewis Haveard, director FFBF Dept. of Field Services

Florida Farm Bureau is the largest general farm
organization in the State. American Farm Bureau is
the largest general farm organization in the United
States. Three out of every four farmers that belong
to any general farm organization belong to Farm Bu-
reau. We, therefore, have the potential for determining
farm programs and policies and with our State Legis-
lature and Congress in session, we will have to get busy
or someone else will decide for us.
We recently completed our Spring District Meetings
which were designed to help carry out the policies that
had been adopted by the membership. We are grateful
to those who took the time and effort to attend these
meetings. The only problem was that there was not
enough of the leadership, or the membership, of Farm
Bureau attending these very important meetings. The
question arises continuously, "Who shall speak for
farmers?" We should provide the answer. Farmers
should speak for themselves.
We are not only the largest general farm organiza-
tion in Florida and the Nation, but also represent the
number one industry in Florida and the Nation. We
have a lot at stake.
Time is overdue for the membership in Farm Bu-
reau to exercise its rights and responsibilities and re-
dedicate themselves to making Farm Bureau the most
effective voice of agriculture ever heard. In order to
do this, you will have to attend meetings, write letters
and participate in general.
Charles B. Shuman, president of American Farm
Bureau Federation, said ten years ago in a speech, "The

most important thing that is needed to make Farm
Bureau the 'voice of agriculture' is for the members to
put Farm Bureau first." This statement still holds
true today.
We should not let any other organization, other than
the church, keep us from attending and participating
in all Farm Bureau meetings. We are planning meet-
ings with legislators now that will be very important to
the future of agriculture in Florida.
If you do not speak for yourself there are others
who will gladly do so. The Federal Government, for
one, is dedicated to trying to control farm policy.
Secondly, there are other general farm organizations
that are trying to speak for farmers through the use of
coercion and force.
Farm Bureau members believe that there is a better
way. They believe in the competitive free enterprise
system with a minimum of Government interference.
They also believe that the market place should deter-
mine the price of farm products. Farm Bureau is ded-
icated to providing the leadership in developing better
markets for our agricultural products. In this effort,
your help is needed also. As we said in the beginning,
we have the potential for doing most anything that we
undertake if we are only willing to try.
We hope that every Farm Bureau member in Flor-
ida will decide to put Farm Bureau first in the future.
You should volunteer your services to your county
Farm Bureau. Farm Bureau members could move
mountains if all 35,000 families through Florida would
pull together at one time.

(Note to County Farm Bureaus: when your FFBF
Fieldman makes his rounds tell him about activities
which might be reported on this page. Members in
other areas are always interested in what you're doing
because that's the way they get ideas. Pictures of the
entire field staff are printed in the upper right.)

Indian River FB's annual picnic will be held April 19

Pasco Farm Bureau's John W. Harrell, of Dade City is pictured
here with his invention called "No-Tip", a new concept in
individual stock feeder. Mr. Harrell says he created the feeder
to meet his own stock feeding needs. "I wanted a container to
hold feed or salt that my animals couldn't tip over", he said.
The feeder is made of hi-density polyethylene plastic in a bright
yellow color for easy identification in pastures, feedlots and
corrals. It requires no attachments or fastenings. The "No-Tip"
is being sold on a national scale and interested buyers may
contact the inventor at the above address. Mr. Harrell has been
connected with agriculture most of his life, starting with 4-H
work. Currently he operates a cattle ranch and citrus grove
alongside highway 52, one mile east of Junction 41 and 52 in
Pasco County. Mr. and Mrs. (Georgene) Harrell, their two
children, Alicia, 6 and John, Jr. 5, three dogs, two cats and
numerous chickens and rabbits live right on the farm. The
family has a membership in the Pasco County Farm Bureau.
(Note: Mr. Harrell's phone number is 567-2713, Dade City).

Florida Agriculture, April, 1967

Farm Bureau members representing Farm Bureau organi-
zations throughout Florida met in five locations during last
month to discuss FFBF policy and possible ways to carry it
Orlando, Canal Point, Panama City, Tallahassee and Gaines-
ville were host cities for the annual district "policy execution"
FFBF president Art Karst presented the 1967 state legisla-
tive program at the Orlando and Canal Point meetings. In-
formation director Al Alsobrook filled in for the president in
Tallahassee, Panama City and Gainesville.
Executive vice president T. K. McClane presented the
national legislative program at the meetings and Mrs. George
W. Munroe presented the women's program.
At each meeting members had the opportunity to discuss
1967 state and national FFBF legislative programs and to
hear important details about the 1967 Farm Bureau Women's
Attendance was fairly good at the meetings even though
the Federal Court reapportionment of the legislature and
special elections forced changes in previously announced meet-
ing times.
The new legislature and the general attitude agriculture
might expect to find in the 1967 session were discussed.
"We must face the facts," FFBF president Art Karst told
the Canal Point and Orlando meetings. "Our legislature is now
controlled by the urban counties and cities and it is our job
to be better informed about the problems facing us so that
we can find solutions," he said.
Karst told the groups of the tremendously increased re-
quests for funds in the budget for 1967-69 and pointed out
that the legislature, "will go through the 868 page document
very carefully,"
Possible increases, extensions or changes in the present
sales tax were discussed at all the meetings, as were ad valorem
taxes and the Agricultural Assessment Act.
"Our tax policy is clear," Karst pointed out. "Farm Bureau

has not advocated an increase in the sales tax, but does rec-
ognize that the sales tax gives each citizen the opportunity
of paying his fair share," he continued.
Karst and Alsobrook told the groups that it looked as if
it would be impossible to have a balanced budget and provide
the services requested without some increased revenue.
"Fortunately Farm Bureau delegates enacted a resolution
which will allow the Board of Directors to meet in special
session during the legislative session to take action on tax
matters," Karst told the Orlando group.
He pointed out that the members wisely enacted that policy
so that Farm Bureau's hands "would not be tied" if it were ne-
cessary to take a stand on taxes to protect the interest of
It seemed to be the consensus at every meeting that an in-
crease in the sales tax, with an extention of the tax to groceries,
if necessary, would be the best approach to take.
"Throughout Florida we have found unanimous acceptance
on a tax on groceries once it had been pointed out to the
public that the weekly tax would average no more than 600 -
700 for the average family," Alsobrook pointed out.
"Once the housewife gives some thought to the matter and
subtracts from her grocery bill those items for which she al-
ready pays sales tax she is amazed at how little it would cost,"
he pointed out.
It is estimated that with the present 3% tax the extension
to groceries would bring about $65 million more per year in
state revenue.
The Escambia County Farm Bureau delegation told the
Panama City gathering that it supported, and was promoting,
a move to increase the sales tax as a means of finarning the
school system of Florida. The Escambia County group ex-
plained how it had advertised with a printed "ballot" in the
Pensacola papers asking residents to check what type tax they
thought was the best. An overwhelming majority, the Escambia
County Farm Bureau people reported, were in favor of an
increased sales tax. The idea behind the Escambia County



At the Florida Farm Bureau district meeting, held in Orlando,
FFBF President Arthur E. Karst (center) is seen discussing
the 1967 State Legislative program with State Senator Bill
Gunter (left) and Don Rybolt, president, Orange County Farm
Bureau. (FFBF Dept. of Inf. photo).

. '


At the Florida Farm Bureau district meeting held in Canal
Point, FFBF State Treasurer, Walter Kautz is seen going over
the agenda with Floyd Erickson, president, Everglades FB;
Mrs. Leonard L. Cannington, district women's chairman and
George Trupp, of St. Lucie FB. (FFBF Dept. of Inf. photo).




in the Jaycee Park, starting at 4:30 p.m.. according to
Lj Mary Aldendorf, office secretary. (Indian River FB is
still working on its own park and plans to hold its an-
nual picnics there beginning next year.)

Holmes FB board meets May 2. in the Farm Bureau
office at Bonifay beginning at 7:30 p.m. Plans will be
discussed for a summer picnic meeting according to
Gertrude McKinnon. office secretary. (Note: The an-
nual Holmes Rodeo is set for Oct. 6, 7, 8 at Bonifay.)

Sarasota FB's President Bob Morrison has called his
board of directors to a meeting May 9th at 8:00 p.m.
in the County FB office building at 4129 Bee Ridge
Road, Sarasota.

Duval County's Annual Agricultural Fair is sched-
uled for October.

Nassau County's Fair is also scheduled for October.

Gilchrist FB's board meeting is scheduled for April
13, in the Farm Bureau office at Trenton. (Reported
by Judy Overstreet, office secretary.)

DeSoto FB's board meeting is being held this month
on the 13th at 8:00 p.m., in the Arcadia Farm Bureau
office. The session will be a routine business meeting,
according to Jewell Curry, office secretary.

Lafayette FB's board is meeting at 7:30 p.m., April
17 at the community center in Mayo. It will be a din-
ner meeting. Other Farm Bureau members who care to
attend should telephone Edwina Dees, office secretary
for reservations.

Broward FB's board is meeting at 8:00 p.m., April
17 at the Farm Bureau office in Pompano. (Reported
by Mary Lyda, office secretary.)

Lake FB's board is meeting April 17 at the Lake
County Farm Bureau Building in Tavares. The sessiori
starts at 8:00 p.m., according to Wanda Cable, office

Broward County will be host again this month to the
annual Florida Turf-Grass Trade Show, April 27-29.
Headquarters will be in the Diplomat Hotel in Holly-
wood. This year's show will again open at the Planta-
tion Field Research Laboratory in Ft. Lauderdale, when
an old fashion barbecue is a first day highlight event, ac-
cording to the FTGA, which has headquarters at 4065
University Blvd., N, Jacksonville. For additional in-
formation write the above.

Palm Beach County's John H. Causey, associate ag-
ricultural agent, will preside at the annual vegetable
field day to take place at the Everglades Experiment




Station in Belle Glade, May 5. The meeting begins at
9:15 a.m.. has a box lunch at 12 noon (courtesy of the
Kilgore Seed Company and Chevron Chemical) and
concludes with a tour of experimental and demonstra-
tion plots in the afternoon.

Alachua, Palm Beach. Orange. and other sections of
Florida were visited earlier this month by produce buy-
ers whose purchases in Florida exceed $100 million an-
nually. These buyers, from all over North America
assembled in Gainesville for a six day produce merchan-
dising buyers school, sponsored by the Super Market
Institute of Chicago and conducted by the University
of Florida's Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.
The group attended classroom sessions at the University
and took side trips to the Zellwood vegetable area to
see harvesting, packaging and precooling of radishes,
carrots and greens; to the Ridge and Indian River sec-
tions to see citrus operations; to Palm Beach to attend
more classes on refrigeration, storage, etc.; to Delray
Beach to see tomato harvesting and to Pompano to see
a state farmer's market in operation.

Calhoun FB's board meets May 1 in the FB office
at Blountstown. The time is 6:30 p.m. CST, according
to Connie Carpenter, office secretary, who says that
members are invited to attend if they like.

Okeechobee FB's board meets May 8 at the Court
House building in Okeechobee beginning at 7:30 p.m.
J. E. Bell, FB agent in that area, says there will be dis-
cussions of the new building plans.

Everglades FB held a rummage sale last month for
the purpose of furnishing the kitchen of the county FB
building. The sale was sponsored by the Farm Bureau

Sumter FB's recent newsletter printed a front page
editorial entitled: "Temptation." The editor concluded
the article by writing: "Nothing worthwhile was ever
achieved in life without the ability to resist temptation.
Learn to say no to yourself and you are on your way to
bigger and better things." For a complete copy write:
Donald Nelson, editor, Sumter FB News, Bushnell, Fla.

Seminole FB's monthly newsletter has been publish-
ing a series of articles entitled "Vegetable Growing in
Seminole." Last month's column was headed "King Cel-
ery" and told about problems which faced growers over
the years and how they were solved. For a copy write
Ernest Southward, editor, FB Building, Rt. 2, Box 575,

Columbia County's annual fair dates this year have
been set for October 10 through 14, according to Neal
M. Dukes, FB Service Agent who says it will take place
at the Fair Grounds in Lake City.

Florida Agriculture, April, 1967 Florida Agriculture, April, 1967

Report on Spring District Meetings

Written for Florida Agriculture by FFBF Department of Information


George Cappe (left) Director, Safety & Engineering, Florida Farm
Bureau Insurance Companies, is seen presenting dividend check
and safety certificate to 0. W. Dixon, president, Hickory Hill
Meat Packers, Inc., Tampa.

Stan Bainter (left) Agent for Florida Farm Bureau Insurance
Companies, is seen presenting dividend check and safety certifi-
cate to Frank Bouis, manager, Florida Fruit Managers, Inc., Lees-

Doug Campbell (left) Special Representative, Florida Farm Bureau
Insurance Companies, is seen presenting dividend check and
safety certificate to James Machek, president, Machek Farms, Inc.,
East Palatka. Lawrence Porter, agent, is at right.

H. L. Fagan (left) Agent, Florida Farm Bureau Insurance Com-
panies, is seen presenting dividend check and safety certificate
to Key Scales, Jr., owner, G & S Packing Company, Marion County.


By maintaining a low accident frequency among their
employees the policyholders, pictured above have receiv-
ed dividends ranging from 5% to 35% on their Workmen's
compensation. In addition to reducing the cost of their in-
surance they have also reduced their operating cost con-
siderably by maintaining an effective safety program.
Accidents are costly. They result in a loss of produc-
tion, equipment out of operation, hiring and training new

personnel, equipment repair costs, and quite often expensive
law suits. Accident prevention is practical and profitable.
Our Safety Department representative can assist you
to establish a practical and effective accident control pro-
gram, specifically engineered for your operation. Why not
try it?
Keep Accidents Down-Production Up! Call your local
Farm Bureau Agent or our Safety Department for full infor-
mation. There is no obligation to inquire. Do it today!



4350 SW 13th St.

Preston H. Gough, Executive Vice President


Gainesville, Florida

George Cappe, director, Safety Department

m -mm






-I l-"


At the Florida Farm Bureau district meeting held in Gaines-
ville, FFBF board member Walter Welkener, also president of
the Duval County FB is seen listening to a report along with
(1 to r) Mrs. Dupont Magill, Mrs. Welkener, district women's
chairman, Dupont Magill, and Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Arpen.
(FFBF Dept. of Inf. photo).

plan is to have the State return to the county the entire cost
of running each county school system. The plan would also
impose limits on the amount of ad valorem taxes chargeable
in a county by placing a legislative ceiling on the millage.
Other plans discussed included an increase of one or two
percent in the sales tax; the imposition of a severance tax;
charging an "employment" tax; and a state income tax.
"It should be pointed out that we are discussing policy
and not making it," Karst and other FFBF spokesmen told
those attending the meetings.
"We are discussing openly and freely ways of executing
our standard policies which were approved last November at
our state convention," Karst said.
Concerning the Agriculture Assessment Act, Karst and
others pointed out that FFBF would have to seek ways of
solving problems the law seems to have created.
"FFBF has definite policies on this matter," he said, "and
those policies call for no change in the law unless changes are
necessary to protect the farmer."
Each district group heard how legislative leaders, including
House Speaker Ralph Turlington, have warned FFBF and
other agricultural groups that the Agricultural Assessment Act
will receive close attention during the 1967 legislative session.
Turlington, speaking at the 1967 Presidents' Conference of
FFBF in Gainesville, told the delegates that changes would,
in all probability, be made in the law as it now stands.
The Agricultural Assessment Act has come under fire
because, besides protecting the bona fide farmer, it also pro-
tects the speculator.
During all district meetings a complete discussion of the
Act and possible changes were discussed, but it was pointed
out that no satisfactory answer had yet been found.
The Orange County Farm Bureau suggested a plan through
which the tax assessor of a county (if he had evidence) could
deny a person's claim that land was being used for agriculture
and so notify the Board of County Commissioners of the
county. The land owner would then have a right of appeal
before the county commissioners.
Other plans reviewed included a much discussed "roll-back"
law which would allow a person to claim his land assessed at
the agricultural value as long as it was used for agricultural

Florida Agriculture, April, 1967

At the Florida Farm Bureau district meeting held in Panama
City, FFBF board member Wayne Mixson of Marianna is seen
(right) addressing the group which represented west Florida
districts. The speaker's picture is also shown in the inset.
(FFBF Dept. of Inf. photo).

purposes. As soon, however, as that land usage changed to
something other than agricultural, the taxes would be "rolled
back" a specified number of years and the owner would have
to pay additional taxes on the land at the new rate.
Changes in the present law were also discussed extensively.
"Our biggest problem," McClane pointed out, "is finding
a legal definition of 'bona fide' farmer. Once we find that
answer, he said, "we will have solved most of the problem."
FFBF's fight for maintaining standard time, as opposed to
Daylight Saving; air and water pollution proposals; the con-
tinued fight against fire ants; and other Farm Bureau policies
were discussed as time would permit.
T. K. McClane reviewed briefly the major policy matters
of national interest prefacing his remarks with an appraisal
of the 1967 National Congress.
He told of AFBF's planned fight for a marketing rights
bill to prohibit unfair trade practices designed to discourage
farmer participation in voluntary marketing programs.
"Farmers should not be denied the right to market their
products because of membership in marketing associations,"
McClane said in citing AFBF policy on the matter.
McClane also outlined the rather complex AFBF plan for
supplemental financing of rural electric and telephone systems.
McClane also discussed the 1967 Farm Bureau attempt to
have Congress approve a Constitutional amendment guarantee-
ing to the states the right to apportion one house of a bicameral
legislature on the basis of factors other than population.
At the present time, McClane pointed out, 32 states have
approved a resolution calling for a constitutional convention
to discuss the matter. Only two more states are needed to call
the convention.
Mrs. Munroe outlined the 1967 Women's Program at
each meeting and pointed out that the Women of Farm Bureau
were planning to promote and help distribute the Slow Moving
Vehicle emblem as a special project. (see photo page 18)
"There are more than 40,000 slow moving vehicles in Flor-
ida," Mrs. Munroe pointed out. "We plan to get one of these
life saving emblems on every one of them before we are
through," she said.
She pointed out that FFBF policy specifically endorsed
and urged the use of the emblem and that the women of FFBF
would get the job done.


Rural Youth Section


James E. Machek, 34, of East Palatka who grosses $1.7 million
annually on his 1440 acre flower growing operation is Florida's
1967 "Outstanding Young Farmer". The annual award, sponsor-
ed by the Junior Chamber of Commerce, was presented to Mr.
Machek recently at a meeting held in Panama City. (See story
below). The six-foot tall, black haired member of the Putnam-St.
Johns Farm Bureau, grows gladiolus, iris, baby's breath, and
chrysanthemums on farms in Putnam County and near Delray
Beach. While in high school he was national 4-H Club award
winner given in recognition of his flower growing techniques.
During his last five years of school he saved enough money to
start a self supporting operation in Delray Beach; and four years
later opened a branch operation in Putnam. Currently Mr.
Machek is Putnam County's largest farm employer with 460
persons on the payroll. (Note: Palm Beach County Farm Bureau
President Mike Machek, of Delray Beach, is a brother of James
and a large flower grower too. He is a former member of the
FFBF's state board of directors).

Jaycees Sponsor OYF Program

The Florida Junior Chamber of Com-
merce, each year, sponsors a state-wide
"Outstanding Young Farmer" program.
Nominees are selected in various com-
munities on the basis of "outstanding
progress in agriculture, the practice of
soil and natural resources conservation
and unselfish contributions to community
development and well-being." Each nomi-
nee must be between the ages of 21 and
35 and be dependent upon soil for at least
two-thirds of his annual income.
The 10th annual awards presentations
were made recently at the Marina Audi-
torium in Panama City. All three of the
top winners are members of the Florida
Farm Bureau. They are: James Machek
of East Palatka (See story and picture
above) who is the 1967 Outstanding
Young Farmer; and Charles Burnett, of
Jasper and a member of the Hamilton
County Farm Bureau, first runner-up and
Ira Home, of Live Oak and a member of
the Suwannee County Farm Bureau, sec-
ond runner-up.
Co-sponsors with the Jaycees are the
Florida L-P Gas Company; Kaiser Agri-
cultural Chemical (formerly Southern Ni-
trogen Co., Inc.), and Florida Nitrogen.
Alex V. McMillan of Quincy is state
chairman of the Jaycee 1967 OYF Pro-
gram. The Jaycee organization, in a

printed brochure describing the OYF pro-
gram and distributed to all local Jaycee
chapters said:
The annual search to select and honor
America's outstanding young farmers be-
gins-and ends- in your community and
other Jaycee communities across the na-
Here, in your home town, your local
Outstanding Young Farmer project does
its work-building better urban-rural re-
lations by increasing urban understand-
ing of the farmer, his life and his prob-
lems. This is the sole purpose of the Out-
standing Young Farmer project. This se-
lection of local, state and national out-
standing young farmers gives Jaycees a
spotlight to focus public attention on agri-
Public understanding of the farmer is
vital today. The modern farmer is a far
cry from yesterday's plowman. Farming
today is a complex, exacting, huge busi-
ness. Today's farmer not only produces
foodstuffs and the fibers needed by an ex-
panding nation, but must keep his land
alive, improve production and conserve
his natural resources.
For the farmer cannot purchase more
raw materials when his land gives out. He
must use, reuse, then use again and again

the same land. There is no longer a fron-
tier to which he may move, leaving the
worn-out and dead acres behind. He must
covet his land. In it lies not only his life
and livelihood, but the very life of his na-
tion .. and the world.
And there are the day-to-day problems
-too much or too little rain, frost, a sick
calf or an epidemic in an agrarian econo-
my. And in the course of feeding us and
clothing us-and much of the free world
as well-agriculture will contribute $22
billion to the gross national product in
1966, equaling all the GNP money gener-
ated by the entire automobile industry.
Mr. Machek and 44 other state winners
of the OYF assembled in Harrisonburg,
Va. April 9-11 to compete for the na-
tion's outstanding farmer awards. Four
national winners will be chosen and their
names are to appear in this magazine
next month. The contest is sponsored
by the United States Jaycees, which has
headquarters in Tulsa Okla.
(The editors of this magazine extend ap-
preciation to Sue Wells, manager, busi-
ness office, Machek Farms; to Lona Flatt,
executive Secretary, Florida Jaycees and
to Mr. McMillan for assisting in supply-
ing above information).

Florida Agriculture, April, 1967

Rural Youth Section


A new fad for teen-age backyard cooks is called "cannibal
roasts." The main dish "Frank Kabobs" permits every young
guest to spear his or her own: dinner, make it short or long and
get a chance to cook it, cannibal style. The recipe calls for
chunks of frankfurters which have been marinated in a special
soy sauce, with alternate slices of green pepper, celery and
onions. Ingredients and recipe are as follows: 1 Ib. frankfurters L,
(8 to 10) cut in 1-inch slices; I cup 1-inch slices celery; 1 cup
1-inch slices onion; 1 cup 1-inch slices green pepper; soy-sauce
marinade. For three hours soak frankfurters and vegetables at
room temperature in soy-sauce marinade. To prepare marinade,
combine 1/2 cup soy sauce, 1/3 cup catsup, 1/2 cup salad oil,
V/2 cup vinegar, 1 teaspoon prepared mustard. Alternate meat
and vegetables on skewers and place over grill of barbecue
kettle. Broil kabobs five minutes on each side, brushing
occasionally with soy-sauce marinade. Serves six. (The recipe
has been tested by the home consultant department of the
Weber-Stephen Products, Arlington Heights, Ill., manufacturers of
covered barbecue kettles).


Sons and daughters of Farm Bu-
reau members again have the oppor-
tunity to compete for the annual
Winn-Dixie Farm Bureau College
Scholarship awards. Two awards are
given, one to a girl and one to a boy
and each is worth $1000. There are
also cash prizes for the second and
third runners-up. Official applica-
tion forms are available at all local
County Farm Bureau offices or they
may be obtained by writing the Flor-
ida Farm Bureau, 4350 SW 13th St.,
Gainesville, Florida. Funds for the
two scholarships are made available
by the Winn-Dixie Grocery Com-
pany of Jacksonville and a commit-
tee representing the Farm Bureau
makes the selections. Interested
high school seniors are urged to se-
cure the application forms at once
so that the necessary documents and
other information can be taken care
of before the closing deadline.

The Florida Citrus Showcase has
established scholarships for boys in-

Florida Agriculture, April, 1967

terested in citrus agriculture. For
more information write Mr. Robert
J. Eastman, general manager, Flor-
ida Citrus Showcase, Box 1460, Win-
ter Haven, Fla.

One of Florida Agriculture's read-
ers is in the armed services overseas.
He is Sp/4 Jimmy L. Welch, HHD
19th Avn, Bn; APO Seattle 98749.

Boys and girls between 14 and 20,
who have been selected and nomin-
ated by their respective state Angus
organizations will compete in the
showmanship contest during the an-
nual American Angus Conference,
Aug. 7-8-9 in Lexington, Ky. They
will be judged on their skillful hand-
ling and the response of their ani-
mal; courtesy and sportsmanlike at-
titude; ability to use show ring
equipment; general appearance; and
ability to follow instructions during
the contest. For information write:
American Angus Ass'n, 3201 Fred-
erick Blvd., St. Joseph, Mo.

Recently in Mobile, Alabama, the
AFBF President Charles B. Shuman,
addressed the 1967 Farm Bureau
Young People's Leadership Confer-
ence. He said: "Farming can be a
good business for young people
equipped with proper training and
aptitudes if political management of
agriculture is eliminated and farmers
permitted to return to producing for
a rapidly expanding consumer mar-
ket. However, the national farm
leader warned that unless govern-
ment mismanagement in agriculture
is ended soon, many important crops
will be lost to U. S. farmers.

The annual 4-H youth horse show
will be held April 23 at Rays arena
in Tampa.

FFA members of the Paulding,
Ohio chapter earn $400 a year by
policing the grounds and parking
cars at the county fair. The FFA
Chapter in Audubon, Iowa is in the
farm renting equipment business.



By Mrs. Geo. W. Munroe, Chairman, FFBF Women's Committee

Our district meetings were a success for the ones
who were able to attend. We had our meetings over
the state as we did a number of years ago for which I
was glad, as I got to see some old friends and renew
Several issues that will be brought up in the
Legislature were discussed at length. The purpose of
these meetings was to have a full discussion of the Farm
Bureau policies, both state and national, and how to
get geared up to translate these policies into action.
Taxes were discussed pro and con. It seems to be
the consensus of a lot of people that taxes will be raised
somewhere-several places maybe-even though the Gov-
ernor says no tax increase. All agencies, as far as I
know, welfare, education, etc., have asked for from
75 percent to 150 percent increases for the next two
years. Even though we cut their requests, it seems
likely we will have some more taxes.
I see that the State Comptroller Fred Dickinson,
has stated recently he will ask the Legislature to repeal
Florida's tangible personal property tax law, as applic-
able to homeowners; also that he feels what taxes are
lost will be made up by the recent statewide 100 per-
cent reassessment which increased ad valorem taxes
to $6.5 million.
We, the people, need relief on taxes to be sure but
we need relief on ad valorem taxes especially and there
was quite a bit of discussion at the recent district

Mrs. George W. Munroe, FFBF Women's Chairman, is
pictured here discussing the Slow Moving Vehicle (SMV)
emblem with some of the ladies attending the recent district
meeting held in Gainesville. The Women of the Farm Bureau
have taken the promotion and distribution of the SMV em-
blems as a 1967 project (see article above). Shown here with
Mrs. Monroe (center) are L to R: Mrs. Walter Welkener,
Duval; Mrs. Clyde Townsend, Gilchrist; Mrs. Billy Johnson,
Columbia; and Mrs. F. G. Lipsett, Levy. (FFBF Inf. Dept.


The Secretary of State Tom Adams, stated in one
of his recent newsletters and I quote: "We need to re-
form ad valorem taxation based on use rather than on
ownership." This is true as there is land claimed as
farm land which really is being held for profit. A few
cows, a few fruit trees, etc., are put on it so as to claim
it as a farm and get lower taxes. This is found to be
true over the state. To what degree I do not know.
Some proposals have been made to increase the sales
tax with the monies collected being used to reduce
county ad valorem taxes. I am for a sales tax on gro-
ceries and have been for a number of years. It seems
like a 'big black year' to some people, but if you figure
the tax on groceries you purchase at the food store-not
your total bill-you pay at the store (as you possibly
and most likely purchased some taxable items) you will
be surprised at the little difference. But you and every-
one are taxed alike. What could be fairer. A sales tax
on groceries alone, however, will not be enough.
When it comes right down to taxes of every kind,
maybe the smartest thing to do is have our tax structure
analyzed or a tax reform-I am certainly not the one
to say but I can think.
Last month I mentioned our project for 1967-Slow
Moving Vehicle (SMV) emblems and signs. There have
been about 50 large billboards with this emblem (like
the one printed on this page last month) put up. With
40,000 SMV owned by farmers alone, we have a huge
job. These emblems can be seen for one fifth of a mile

The recent FFBF district meetings are described on pages
14 & 15. The picture below shows some of the ladies who at-
tended the meeting held in Gainesville. Front row, L to R:
Mrs. Louis Overstreet, Gilchrist; Mrs. Clyde Townsend, Gil-
christ; Mrs. F. D. Magill, Duval; Mrs. Jack Frazier, Levy;
Mrs. J. H. Arpen, Duval; and Mrs. Walter Welkener, Duval.
Second row, I to r: Mrs. Stacy Quincey, Gilchrist; Mrs. Billy
Johnson, Columbia; Mrs. Ralph Morton, Columbia; Mrs. F.
G. Lipsett, Levy and Mrs. George W. Monroe, Gadsden. (FFBF
Inf. Dept. photo).


day or night.
Farmers, motorists and highway officials have be-
come increasingly alarmed about the problem of SMV
operated on public highways. Most auto-SMV colli-
sions occur on good open highways, |
clear weather and without the moto
obstructed. Rear-end collisions are
account for most of the fatalities, injury
damage. This emblem is being used
manufactured to exact specifications s
be uniform sizes wherever used.
Please get busy in your county and
on SMV and save lives and wrecks.
need the co-operation of every wom
FFBF in putting over this project.
Next month I will have an inter
consumer needs, etc.

BEAUTIFUL BUILD-UP of seams point to outstanding
ring collar. Definitely the dress for summer. For any occasion
you can name. Any fabric, color you love. Printed Pattern
9410: Jr. Miss Sizes 9, 11, 13, 15, 17. Size 13 takes 2-5/8 yards
39 inch fabric.
Design triumph! See how seaming ANGLES IN to nar-
row down your waist. Very easy-see the diagram, swift to
cut out, stitch up this flattering skimmer. Printed Pattern
9225: Women's Sizes 34, 36, 38, 40, 42, 44, 46, 48. Size 36 re-
quires 3 yards 35-inch fabric.
Coatdress crispness valuable fashion asset in a wrap
dress you'll love first thing in the morning and all day! Sew-
easy in pique, poplin. Printed Pattern 9012: Misses' Sizes 10,
12, 14, 16, 18, 20. Size 16 requires 4% yards 35-inch fabric.
Meet the most versatile, town-travel, any-season trio. Sew
new, longer jacket, skirt, overblouse in wool, blends. Printed
Pattern 9088: Half Sizes 122, 1412, 161/2, 181/2, 201/2, 2212,
24/2. Size 161/z jacket, skirt 2% yds. 54-in; overblouse 13/
yards 39-inch fabric.
Send 50 cents in coin for each pattern to Florida Agriculture
Pattern Dept., Box 42, Old Chelsea Station, New York 10011.
Print name and address clearly, give size and style number
and your zip code.

The above photo is from the Bettmamn Archive and is
entitled "The Pleasures of Spring Cleaning". The following
spring cleaning hints do not suggest "rubbing down her master's
cello". 1. Don't try to do all your SC at once. Wait until
you're in the mood. 2. Dress in "mod" fashion while cleaning
-you'll feel better about it all if you look neat. 3. Buy some
new-look cleaning equipment to make the job easier. There's
a sponge broom and long-handled dustpan, another large hand
sponge that's ribbed on one side for scrubbing and smooth on
the other for wiping. There's a sponge on handle for no-stoop
bath-tub cleaning and no-reach cabinet top cleaning. 4. One
all-purpose cleaner to join the team and you're all set-choose
a pine oil cleaner-disinfectant to clean disinfect and deodorize
all at once. As soon as you're tired, if you don't have a
cello to play, put yourself into the warm tub and forget about
spring cleaning till another day. (From the editor's mail).

Money Maker for Women Readers
Have you found a faster easier, better way to handle house-
hold chores and problems? If you have, we'd like to hear about
it-and pass it along to other FA readers. Minimum payment
for short pieces is $5 upon publication. Write editor, 4350 SW
13th St., Gainesville, Fla.
This month FA is sending $5 to Mrs. Jessie L. Young,
P. 0. Box 742, Starke for the following household tip:
"When I knit a garment I work in a few yards of extra yarn
on the wrong side of it. If and when the garment needs mend-
ing I have plenty of matching yarn for it".

Here are some cleanliness tips from the Soap Detergent
Nylon netting wrapped around a bar of soap makes a good
substitute brush for suds-scrubbing knees, elbows, and heels.
Hours spent at the ironing board no longer need to be boring.
Now any board can be dressed up with a choice of new covers
decorated with amusing designs printed in bright colors which
are fast to machine-washing.
Ironing may still take as long, but these decorative covers
will make it seem shorter and less tedious.
Choose children's underwear with a durable press finish so
fewer sets will be needed to keep the child cleanly dressed.

Florida Agriculture, April, 1967


HEARING AIDS Batteries Repairs Wholesalel Buy
direct world's largest hearing service. Free brochure:
Florida Hearing Center. Box 211, St. Petersburg, Fla.


Rate: 10e per word; min $2. Display $10 col inch.
P. O. Box 7605, Orlando, Florida 32804.


WRITER'S CLUB. All writers welcome. Membership
dues $1.00 yearly. "Club News" mailed monthly. L.
M. Gilbert, Editor. 2700 South Trail, Suite 14, Sara-
sota, Fla. 33579.


POEMS WANTED for musical settings and recording.
Send Poems. Free examination. Crown Music Com-
pany, 49 FF West 32 Street, New York 1.
YOUR FAVORITE VERSES-Quotations-Samplers hand
embroidered to order. Ready to frame. Reasonable.
Mary Webb. Box 977, Richmond, Virginia 23207


CALF CREEP FEEDERS 35 bushel, Feeds 30 Ca -
$88.50. Free Literature, Dolly Enterpris ain
Colchester, Illinois.


WATERI Drill your own well. Amazing new $175
machine drills wells to 200'. Write for free brochure.
Deep Rock Drilling Company, 800 Trafco, Opelika,
Alabama 36801.
DRAGLINE Northwest 25-B, powered by GMC-371
with 40' boom and 3/4 yd. bucket, include 4-16' oak
mats and 390'-five eighths cable, $6,500 complete.
CRAWLER TRACTOR International Harvester T-340,
Draft 4 in T bucket; powered by oversize 1H-504
gasoline engine, overhauled, includes 16,000 Ib.
capacity equipment hauling trailer by Haulette; both
DEEP WELL PUMP 5 Stage West Land roller 12-B-
bowl assembly. 100' column and shaft. GP gear head
power transfer. GMC-671 power plant on trailer
includes batteries, skid tank, stand pipe and dis-
charge valves. Excellent. $6,200.
UTILITY TRACTOR-300 Case on LPG with Pounds 4'
circle hoe. Serviceable only $600.
HOBART PORTABLE Arc Welder-250 Amp. 40 Volt
Model 6PB261. Willy's power plant, $800. Contact
CITGRO, Inc., P. O. Box 338, Groveland, 429-4121;
res. Clermont 394-4277; res Orlando 855-6502.



Supplier of a Complete Line
of Quality Irrigation Equipment

511 So. 4th St. Ft. Pierce
HOG HOLDING CRATES $38.50. Free Literature.
Dolly Enterprises, 202 Main, Colchester, Ill.
PIG CREEP FEEDER 8 bushel capacity $38.50. Free
Literature. Dolly Enterprises, 202 Main, Colchester, III.
POST HOLE DIGGER 12V-DC, Augers 2"-7" one-man
operated, 5,000 in use, Fully warranted. Price range
$148 to $158 complete. Bidler Energies, McKeesport,


LIQUID FERTILIZER. 3000 gallons 8-20-12, $1.15 gal.
Normal price $1.65. Citgro, Inc., P. O. Box 338,
Groveland, 429-4121.


FREE GIFT CATALOG Vermont Products, -early
American gifts. Pownal Country Store, Pownal,
Vermont 05261.

Two end
kitchen forks. Rosewood handles- 100 uses.
$1.45 each-6 for $8.25 pp.
HOGBACK MT. GIFT SHOP Marlboro, Vermont


Postpaid. Free information, pictures. SHAWNEE,
3934 C Buena Vista, Dallas 4, Tex.


KILLS MOSQUITOES, Garden, Farm destroying insects
electronically. No chemicals. Absolutely automatic,
large area, no chemicals. Free information. Box
M 7, Metamora, Mich. 48455.


FOR SALE to prospective barbers. Complete Barbers
Kit. In black case. All in good condition. Call 293-
7491. Mrs. R. E. Kline, 3320 N. Orange Blossom Trail,
Orlando, Fla. 32804.
GUN-OIL: Unlike most gun oils, this one is designed
to be used not just on steel but on the whole gun-
lock, stock and barrel. It cleans, lubricates, leaves an
invisible film. will not rub off, protects against rust,
including sweaty-finger rust. Also good for fishing
tackle. 4-oz $1. Pre-Serv Gun Oil, Box 659 M.
Waterbury, Conn. 06720.
"ZIP CODE DIRECTORY". (All 35,000 Post Offices)
$1.00. Mailmart, Carrollton 60, Kentucky 41008.
FINE U.S. STAMPS-world's lowest price list-Mint and
Used-Priced per one. Get yours now. Free. Wm.
Rice, 19729Q, Christmas Rd, Miami, Fla. 33157.
FREE PRAYER with anointing with oil and laying on
of hands, also tracts. Christian Tract Center, 3905
Victoria, Hampton, Va.


MAKE MONEY raising Guinea Pigs, Rabbits, Mink or
Chinchillas for us. Write for free information. Kenney
Brothers, New Freedon, Pennsylvania


SONGWRITERS WANTED Send song material for
recording consideration. Tin Pan Alley, 1650 Broad-
way, New York 10019.
POEMS WANTED for new songs. Send poems, Five
Star Music, 6-B Beacon, Boston 8, Mass.


DAYLILIES-Prepaid 1 doz. A. D. Lester Hybrid Seed-
lings $2.50. Each different. 1 dozen named varieties
all different $3.00. A. D. Lester, Box 96, Quincy, Fla.


FOR SALE WAREHOUSE and separate office building
on 16 lots in Moore Haven. Over 2 Acres adjoining
the ACL railroad opposite the Gulf Oil depot. Build-
ings need some repair but have sound floorings with
solid concrete and brick foundations. Can be used for
a packing house or what have you. Terrific possibili-
ties. Will consider any reasonable offer. See Mrs.
Sykes at the Chamber of Commerce or contact
Azucana Form 1060 SE 14th Place, Ft. Lauderdale,
Florida. Phone 522-7126.
NORTH CAROLINA. For sale: mountain cabins;
homes; acreage; businesses; lodges; motels; summer
resorts. 0. Crowder, real estate broker, 125 Smoky
Park Highway, Asheville, N.C. 28806.

Over 45 Years Selling Florida
Suite 807 Olympia Building
Miami, Florida 33131

FOR SALE. 40 acres. Fenced. Pasture; timber; 4 wells,
pond. 2 BR house. Large shed, berries, garden. Fred
Planer. Rt. 1, Bushnell, Fla. 33513.
A LARGE 9 ROOM 2 yr. old home with central heat
and air; wall to wall carpets and $8000.00 of
furniture; standing on 65 acres of land with new
block barn; metal barn; large wash house and
storage room, and deep well. About 30 acres in
pasture; creek running through property; 40 miles
south of Jacksonville, Fla. on U.S. 17, quarter mile
of road frontage; about 125 miles from Disney
World. Very reasonably priced at $50,000 net. Write
C. A. Cook, Rt. 1, Box 145, Green Cove Springs,
to trade for acreage in Central Florida. Box 512,
Lake Wales, Fla. 33853.
WILL SELL HOME at superb Florida lake. Write me.
L. Linkroum, 710 Florida Ave., Leesburg, Florida

400 ACRES good row crop & pasture land all fenced.
Cross fenced. 139 acres crop land. 200 acres sodded
pasture in Bahia, Crimson clover, white dutch clover.
Balance in timber land. 2 spring branch Permanent
water in all pasture land. On Paved highway. Good
fishing & hunting. W. H. Sapp, Rt. 3, Bonifay, Fla.


SMALL ACREAGE with lakefront. Details J. R. Sandor,
1140 S.E. 3rd Ave., Fort Lauderdale.


LEARN AUCTIONEERING. Write National Auction
Institute, P. O. Drawer B., Bryan, Texas 77801
LEARN AUCTIONEERING. Term Soon. Free Catalog.
The Reisch American School of Auctioneering, Inc.,
Mason City, 71, Iowa.
AUCTIONEERING. Resident and Home Study Courses.
Veteran Approved. Diploma granted. Auction School,
Ft. Smith, Ar.


FARROWING CRATES-Complete $24.95. Free Litera-
ture. Dolly Enterprises, 202 Main, Colchester, Ill.
SOW FEEDING STALLS Complete $14.95. Free
Literature. Dolly Enterprises, 202 Main, Colchester, Ill.


$100.00 WEEKLY possible, Sewing, Assembling, our
products Charmers, Warsaw 43, Indiana 46580.
EXOTIC PLANT of East Indies helps one look younger.
Sample sent free. Write Correcta. Ad 267, Farmer's
Mart, P. 0. Box 7605, Orlando, Fla.

FLOWER MATERIALS. Feathers, jewelry, crafts. Dis-
count catalog 25,. Flocraft, Ferrell, Penna. 16121

$200.00 MONTHLY Possible, Sewing Babywear at
home. Easyl Full, sparetime. Write: Cuties, Warsaw,
43, Indiana 46580.

"BEAUTY GLO" facial "Wonder Washcloth". Delight-
fully effective to help clear skin of blackheads, white-
heads, blemishes and flakiness. Ideal to properly
remove cleansing cream and for bathing. Send $1 to
Dept. 6, Beauty Glo, 5422 Pelleur St., Lynwood, Calif.
90262 stating color choice: Pink, yellow, blue, green,
violet, apricot. Unconditionally guaranteed.

FOR FREE SAMPLES of the world's purest most
effective cosmetics, write Dept. 6, Beauty Sorority,
Box 1725, La Jolla, Calif. 92037. Specify if skin is dry
or oily.

The Farmer's Mart is the market
place for Florida's biggest industry
buy or sell in this convenient,
low cost way.

Florida Agriculture, April, 1967

Continued from opposite page

were sold last year by members of societies, clubs,
groups, etc. They enable you to earn money for
your treasury and make friends for your organization.
Sample FREE to Official
SANGAMON MILLS, INC. Cohoes, N.Y. 12047
Established 1915
I PAY $250 each for 1924 1 green Franklin stamps,
rotary perforated eleven ($2,500 unused) Send 20o
for illustrated folders showing amazing prices paid
for old stamps, coins, collections. Vincent, 85FM,
Bronx, New York 10458.
FARM BOOKS. A guide to the construction, mainten-
ance, and repair work necessary on the modern farm.
396 pages, 350 illustrations, titled "Farm Shop Skills
in Mechanized Agriculture". $5.50. Send order to
Florida Agriculture Bookshop, care American Technical
Society, 848 E. 58th St., Chicago 60637.
HANDY DANDY, a new "hold-all" for the car, boat
or home. It is a compartmented tray designed to
fit over the transmission hump. Carries safely
drinks, snacks, cigarettes, maps, keyes, ice, sun-
glasses tissues, litter, etc. Practically unbreakable
high-impact styrene plastic, in red and white with
contrasting color litter insert. About $3.95 at stores,
or write for free brochure, Handy Dandy, Inc. 131
Howell St., Box 10154, Dallas, Tex. 75207.
NEW LOW COST water filter is charcoal activated to
remove stale odor and taste from water. It is de-
signed to make coffee, tea, soup and iced beverages
taste better too, removing discoloration and cloud-
iness, according to the Manufacturer, Eaton Yale &
Towne, For more information write above in care of
Precis Editor, 220 West 42nd St., New York 36, N.Y.
and ask about the Eaton Water Filter.

Festival of Foods to
Take Place This Month

The Third Annual Festival of Florida
Foods, a unique supermarket display rep-
resenting Florida's four billion dollar
food industry, will be held April 18-21 in
Sponsored by the Florida Department
of Agriculture (FDA), the Festival is a
part of the Florida Industries Exposition.
It is expected that more than 150 ex-
hibitors will display a variety of food
items produced, manufactured and pro-
cessed in the state.
Commissioner of Agriculture Doyle
Conner said the festival "will offer dra-
matic evidence of the vital importance of
agriculture, seafood production, food pro-
cessing and manufacturing to the econo-
my of Florida and to consumers through-
out the nation."
Conner pointed out that the Festival of
Florida Foods, launched in 1965, marked
the first time that a state's food products
were brought together under one roof into
a single exhibit.
"This festival has helped to stimulate
public awareness of the increasing scope
of Florida's mushrooming food processing
and allied manufacturing industry and
has helped to attract purchasing agents
and procurement officers by offering a
trade show of Florida food products in an
attractive and centralized location.



First in a series

Rome 80 B.C. "Pedigreed strains
of horses, sheep and cattle were evolved
at this time, and the great ranchers of the
South grew rich on the increasedyield
of wool and hides. The huge urban
market of Rome encouraged the growth
of specialized lines such as beekeeping
(in the absence if sugar, honey was the
universal sweetener), market gardening,
fruit growing (apples, pears, figs, cher-
ries), and the rearing of game birds and
poultry. The domestic fowl played little
part in this, the hen was valued for its
eggs rather than the table. But pigeons,
ducks, thrushes, fieldfares, guinea fowl
and peacocks were all reared for the
poultry market.
The economics of these operations were
studied with careful attention to cost.
For example: it was found that thrushes
fattened more quickly when they were
fed on dates. But the experiment of
giving them dates premasticated by slaves
turned out badly-too much was swallow-
ed by the human intermediary.
"In Rome there was a steady growth
in population, which had probably reach-
ed one million (the figure for London in
1800 and New York in 1860). To feed,
clothe, house, amuse--and bury-so large
a population called for many big under-
takings. The supply of .grain to the
capital from overseas, though not per-
fected until the early Empire, was prob-
ably the most complex operation con-
tinuously maintained until modern
times."-From the book: "The Civiliza-
tion of Rome", published by The New
American Library of World Literature,
501 Madison Ave., New York.
-(Editor's note: Next month another
chapter in Agricultural History will ap-
pear in this column. Again it will be
shown that farmers in other eras faced
problems that resemble today's.)

Grete Cartier, who will conduct the Farm
Bureau's tour to Scandinavia and Finland
next month. (See page 9). Mrs. Cartier
has also arranged the itenerary as she is
completely familiar with the Scandinavian
countries and speaks the language. She is
a native of Denmark, born in a small town
about 60 miles from Copenhagen but at
the age of five moved to that city where
she lived with her parents until moving
to the U.S. in 1952. Mrs. Cartier has
worked in the travel field for nine years,
six of which have been with the Farm
Bureau's "Farmer to Farmer" program.
Besides conducting the Scandinavian tours,
she has also conducted tours to Europe,
the Middle East and Holy land and
Hawaii. In a recent note to this maga-
zine's editor she said: "I hope many
Floridians will join me on my favorite
tour back to the 'old country'". The tour
assembles in New York on May 16, when
it flies non-stop by SAS jet to Copenhagen;
returning on June 14. Those wishing to
return by the Norwegian America Line's
newest ship "Sagafjord" will arrive in
New York on June 26. Rates for the
combination oneway air and oneway ship
will be arranged by Mrs. Cartier. She will
also book air-line seats from any point in
Florida to New York. (Florida passengers
will have all details attended to. All they
have to do is board a plane at their
nearest air-port and the Farm Bureau Tour
Experts take over all details, even includ-
ing tips). For a free brochure on the
Scandinavia & Finland tour write Mrs.
Grete Cartier, Farm Bureau Tours, Box
7605, Orlando, Florida. (Give personal
telephone number if you would like for
Mrs. Cartier to call and answer questions.
There is no obligation nor cost for this




The course will stress pastures, fertilization and irrigation.
The Florida International Agricultural Trade Council will host a banquet
May 4 in the new Florida Union Building on the campus. For reservations
contact: Dr. T. J. Cunha, chairman, Uni. of Fla. Animal Science Dept., Gaines-

Florida Agriculture, April, 1967

The President's Message

By Arthur E. (Art) Karst, Vero Beach
President, Florida Farm Bureau Federation

Concern over the worsening cost-price squeeze on
farmers was expressed in Chicago last month by the
AFBF's board of directors in its regular quarterly ses-
sion held at the Pick-Congress Hotel.
The 27-member board, which represents 1,703,908
member families who account for about 70 percent of
the food commodities moving to market, said that
steadily declining farm prices and rising production
costs have created an extremely serious situation in
the farm economy with far-reaching implications to
The board issued the following statement:
"Farm prices have declined 7.4 percent since mid-
August 1966 and the drop of 1 percent during the
month ending February 15, was the sixth consecutive
monthly price decline reported by the U. S. Department
of Agriculture.
"February farm production costs showed a decline
of one-third of one percent from the record high in
January, but were still three percent over a year ago.
"Thus the parity ratio which reflects the relation-
ship between the prices received by farmers and the
cost of things they buy for production dropped to 74
percent as compared with 82 percent in mid-February
a year ago.
"Farmers are naturally concerned over the steady

deterioration in farm prices, but are even more dis-
mayed over skyrocketing production expenses which
they attribute to increasing labor costs stimulated by
fiscal recklessness on the part of the Administration.
"At the recent farm policy conference in Washing-
ton, President Johnson acknowledged that 'farmers are
caught in a bind' between higher production costs and
'stable or lowering prices for their farm commodities.'
However, he gave no indication that the Administration
planned a change in its inflationary 'guns and butter'
"Farmers also recall that it was just about a year
ago that the Administration tried to make farmers
the whipping boy for inflation generated by its own
spending policies. At that time, President Johnson also
advised housewives to sharpen their pencils and not
buy high-priced items. The Administration sought to
curb farm prices through a series of executive actions
including the dumping of government surplus stocks
on the market, cutbacks in certain food purchased for
the armed forces, and imposition of quotas on hide
"It is now apparent that the Administration has
been successful in holding down farm prices, but it is
equally clear that price declines at the farm have not
been reflected to any great extent in consumer prices."


Production controls and direct gov-
ernment payments may be extend-
ed to dairy farmers if the regimented
sector of agriculture does not rid itself
of federal farm programs left over from
the bygone era of the thirties, Charles
B. Shuman, president of the American
Farm Bureau Federation, said last
month. He addressed the Dairy Far-
mers Day sponsored by the depart-
ment of animal industries, College of
Agriculture, University of Connecti-
cut in Ratcliffe Hicks Arena, Storrs,
"If we cannot shuck the restrictive
and oppressive harness of acreage al-
lotments, price supports and govern-
ment payments for feed grains and
wheat in the face of depleted sur-
pluses and growing market demand,

we will be ill-prepared to fight re-
newed attempts by the advocates of
government supply management to
place all of agriculture under federal
controls," Shuman said.
"There have been abortive attempts
in the past, to bring livestock and
dairy farmers under the protective cus-
tody of the federal bureaucracy, and
there is every reason to expect that
these dormant schemes will be re-
vived at an opportune time.
"Frustrated in its attempts to im-
pose direct controls, the Administra-
tion has used the feed grain program
to influence livestock production and
prices through the dumping of govern-
ment-held grain stocks on the market.
This manipulation has proved effec-
tive in disrupting the traditional live-

stock cycle.
"In the case of dairy farmers, the
Administration has used another de-
vice-the discretionary authority of
the Secretary of Agriculture to set
dairy price support levels. By bounc-
ing price supports up and down in the
manner of a rubber ball, the Secre-
tary has forced dairymen to base
their production plans on his whims
rather than on the market.
"In spite of this record of failure,
the Administration has recently mount-
ed a propaganda scare campaign
warning farmers that net farm income
might well fall in the 1968-70 period
by $5 billion below the 1966 level of
$16.3 billion if federal farm programs
are abolished."

Florida Agriculture, April, 1967

1966-67 OFFICERS
Florida Farm Bureau
4350 SW 13th St., Gainesville
Arthur E. (Art) Karst, Vero Beach
Billy Hill, Jasper
Walter J. Kautz, Canal Point
Robert Clark, Ft. Lauderdale
T. K. McClane, Jr., Gainesville

Richard E. (Dick) Finlay, Jay
Wayne Mixson, Campbellton
Forrest Davis, Jr., Quincy
E. H. Finlayson, Greenville
Walter Welkener, Jacksonville
Billy W. Hill, Jasper
J. J. Brialmont, Bell
E. C. Rowell, Wildwood
Charles E. Freeman, Okeechobee
Art Karst, Vero Beach
Jack S. Allen, Jr., Umatilla
Bryan W. Judge, Sr., Orlando
Bruce Fullerton, Lake Wales
A. F. Copeland, Arcadia
R. R. Denlinger, Dade City
J. A. Miles, Jr., Plant City
Walter J. Kautz, Canal Point
Robert L. (Bob) Clark, Jr., Ft. Lauderdale
Earl Ziebarth, Pierson
(state at large)
Mrs. Jack Frazier. Williston
Mrs. George W. Munroe, Quincy

Farm Bureau Districts
District One: Escambia, Santa Rosa, Oka-
loosa, Walton, Holmes, Jackson, Washington
and Bay Counties.
District Two: Calhoun, Gulf, Liberty,
Franklin, Gadsden, Leon, Wakulla, Jefferson,
Madison and Taylor Counties.
District Three: Hamilton, Suwannee, La-
fayette, Columbia, Baker, Duval, Nassau,
Bradford, Union and Clay Counties.
District Four: Dixie, Gilchrist, Alachua,
Levy, Citrus, Sumter and Hernando Counties.
District Five: St. Johns, Putnam, Flagler,
Volusia, Brevard, Indian River, Okeechobee,
St. Lucie and Martin Counties.
District Six: Marion, Lake, Seminole, Or-
ange and Osceola Counties.
District Seven: Polk, Hardee, DeSoto,
Highlands and Glades Counties.
District Eight: Pasco, Hillsborough, Pin-
ellas, Manatee, Sarasota, Charlotte and Lee
District Nine: Hendry, Palm Beach, Col-
lier, Broward, Dade and Monroe Counties
(and the Everglades Farm Bureau which is
the western section of Palm Beach County).

DURING 1966.

The year's progress included .....
Over $353 million of new life insurance
Life insurance in force of $1,585,076,-
509 at year end.
Assets at close of year totaled $132,-
431,386, an increase of nearly $20
Legal reserves, guaranteeing all policies,
at the end of the year amounting to
$99,709,490, an increase of $16,136,-
Dividends paid to policyholders of $3,-

This sound, fast-growing Company has a
life insurance plan to fit the needs of all
farm families. See your local Farm Bureau
agent today!


oc;0* WA{tawtee &uaf4ar

P. O. Box 78
For more information return coupon.

APRIL, 1967

Jackson, Mississippi



Home Office
P. O. Box 78, Jackson, Mississippi

Branch Office
4350 SW 13th St., Gainesville, Fla.

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