Title: Florida agriculture
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075932/00007
 Material Information
Title: Florida agriculture
Physical Description: v. : illus. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Farm Bureau Federation
Publisher: Florida Farm Bureau Federation.
Place of Publication: Gainesville etc
Frequency: monthly (except june, july and aug.)[19]
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 9- 1950-
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075932
Volume ID: VID00007
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01375465
lccn - sn 78001276
issn - 0015-3869
 Related Items
Preceded by: Bulleltin

Full Text

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Read what Farm Bureau's tax expert says on page 18.
If you have other tax questions write him in care of this

FEB. 22-26




FEB. 24-26
2:30 p.m. each day
Miss Silver Spurs Pageant
Parade of Cattle Champions
Purebred Poodle Show
Steer Show and Sale
"Blackie", Int. Grand Champ.

Brief Items for Farmers ............. 8
Buy & Sell in the Farmer's Mart ....... 16
Citrus Shows Off this month ......... 6
Constitution Draft Analyzed ......... 3
County Farm Bureau Activities ....... 11
Cover Description, Winter Tomatoes ... 4
Editorial Quotes for Farmers ......... 19
Events Calendar expanded .......... 9
FFBF President's Message............ 18
Field Services, FFBF, reports ......... 10
FFBF's 1967 Committees, directory .... 5
Page of Pictures for Rural Youth ...... 14
Reapportionment Problem discussed .... 3
Spring Hat Pattern for Women ....... 13
Tax Tips for Farmers, how to save .... 18
Tour the World with Farm Bureau..... 15
Women-Mrs. Smith's AFBF Talk ...... 12


Vol. 26, No. 2. Feb., 1967
Established 1943. Published monthly except
June, July and August. Publication date 10th
of current month. Owned by Florida Farm
Bureau Federation, 4350 SW 13th St., Gaines-
ville, Florida, 32601. President, Arthur E.
Karst, Vero Beach; Vice President, Billy
Hill, Jasper; Secretary, Robert L. Clark, Ft.
Lauderdale; Treasurer, Walter Kautz, Canal
Point; Executive Vice President, T. K. Mc-
Clane, Jr., Gainesville; Office Manager,
Ruth Sloan, Gainesville. Printed by Cody
Publications. Second Class Postage Paid at
Kissimmee, Florida. Notice of change of ad-
dress should be sent to 4350 SW 13th St.,
Gainesville, Fla., Zip Code 32601. Send
editorial copy to P.O. Box 7605, Orlando,
Fla. Zip Code 32804. Phone 1-305-423-4163.
Editor, Hugh Waters; assistant, Martha Zeh-
ner. Subscription $5.00; outside U. S. $10.00
Send changes of address to 4350 SW 13th
St., Gainesville. Fla. 32701.

2 Florida Agriculture, February, 1967


By T. K. McClane, executive vice president, FFBF

January has really been a hectic
month. With the Governor calling the
Legislature into an unexpected session
to consider Constitutional revision and
with the Supreme Court declaring our
reapportionment formula invalid, we
haven't really known where we were
from day to day.
As this is being written the Federal
Court in Miami is meeting to consider
the reapportionment plan which the Leg-
islature has proposed. When this is de-
termined I suppose we will be able to
make some guess as to what the Governor
may do in the area of Constitutional re-
vision or whether we will have to have a
new election before the Legislature can
meet. It's even possible that the Court
itself might reapportion the state and or-
der new elections before we'll have a
properly (in the minds of the Court) con-
stituted Legislature.
The Supreme Court decision, of course,
has thrown a monkey-wrench into all the
Legislative proceedings in Florida and
until this is settled it's almost impossi-
ble to lay future plans for how we want
to proceed. The Supreme Court has again
proven its unpredictableness in matters
of this kind and continues to make its
own interpretation of what the "law of
the land" is. I think it's gratifying to
note that two of the most able Justices
on the Supreme Court, Justices Harlan
and Stewart, agreed that the plan of
apportionment enacted by the Legisla-
ture was in substantial compliance with
the mandate of the Court and that there
was no invidious purpose behind the
small mathematical variation among cer-
tain districts. However, the other seven
Justices constitute the majority and
threw the first 1967 bomb-shell into the
Legislative machinery.
If the Legislature should reconvene to
consider Constitutional revision, we will
have to be prepared to work for a change
in Section 2(a) of Article VIII to be
certain that it does what we want it to
do. The way it is now worded is a re-
sult of changes made by the Style and
Drafting Committee. We and several of
our legal advisors believe it would be less
clear than the present Constitution that
our "Ag Assessment Act" is Constitution-
al. It reads as follows:
"By general law, regulations shall be
prescribed which shall secure a just
valuation of all property for ad valor-
em taxation. For the levying of taxes
property may be classified on the basis
of character or use and the rate of tax-
ation shall be uniform in each class."
It is the opinion of Judge Taylor who

drafted this wording that all land would
have to be assessed at its "market value"
and that if agriculture is to get any re-
lief, the millage rates for agricultural land
would have to be adjusted by general law.
I think it is obvious that agriculture could
not justify or defend a different millage
rate because of its agricultural use, but
that we can make a good case for lower
evaluations of agricultural land based on
its use. Please note carefully the lan-
guage of this section as we understand it
was passed by the full Constitutional Re-
vision Commission as shown below:
"By general law of uniform operation,
property may be classified for the pur-
pose of ad valorem taxation on the
basis of character or use. The legisla-
ture shall provide for a uniform and
equal rate of taxation, and prescribe
such regulations as shall secure a just
valuation, of all property within each
You can see from this wording that
this permits land to be classified on the
basis of its use and that there must be
a just valuation within each classification.
This, in the opinion of our attorneys,
clearly makes our Agricultural Assess-
ment Act Constitutional. We, of course,
will fight to have this language reinstated
in the Constitution.
Fortunately, this matter will be con-
sidered by the House Ad Valorem Tax-
ation Committee, of which our President,
Art Karst is Vice Chairman, and we also
have other friends on this committee. We
attempted to get this language reinstated
in the Constitution by the Commission
when it met on January 7 just prior to
the special session of the Legislature, but
we were unsuccessful due to lack of time.
Representative Frank Fee, who is a mem-
ber of this Commission, led the battle
and made the motion for reinstatement
of the language we wanted but we failed
to get enough support. Senator Friday,
Senator Johns, Representative Land are
other members I know tried to help us.
I'm sure there were others who supported
our position because I understand we got
eleven votes out of twenty-seven in favor
of our position. I hope that each of you
will study these provisions of the Con-
stitution because we will need the maxi-
mum amount of help to sell the Legis-
lature on this point. Fortunately, the
Tax Reform Commission, of which Sena-
tor Pearce was Chairman, is recommend-
ing language similar to what we proposed
and this should prove quite helpful.
I have sent each State Director and
each County President a copy of the pro-
posed new Constitution as the Commis-

Florida Agriculture, February, 1967

sion presented it to the Legislature. If
you have any questions concerning other
changes in the new Constitution any of
them will be able to answer them for you.
As we have studied the proposed Con-
stitution we discovered a very interest-
ing side-light in that the new Constitu-
tion provides that only land holders who
pay taxes may vote in elections for mil-
lages in excess of ten mills for the public
schools or in any local bond election. This
fulfills Farm Bureau's Resolution posi-
tion for the past several years calling for
redefinition of the word "freeholder" to
mean "property owners who pay ad
valorem taxes on real estate."
It appears probable that even with
Constitutional revision to our liking that
some changes in the Agricultural Assess-
ment Act will be made. Under intensive
study are two approaches which might
answer our problem. One is a roll-back
or deferred tax provision where agricul-
tural land would be assessed at its value
for agricultural land but at any time it
is sold or changes use, the seller would be
liable for three years back taxes at its
"highest and best" use valuation. The
other approach would be an agricultural
zoning plan similar to several other
states. Both of these ideas contain some
objectionable features and will require an
intensive educational program, in my
opinion, before our farmers generally
would support either plan. However, if
one of these approaches is agreed upon,
then this would be Farm Bureau's job, as
well as other organizations, to be cer-
tain that our folks fully understand its
provisions and implications.

Air Pollution

Farm Bureau testified on January 10
before the Legislative Interim Commit-
tee on Air Pollution in Tampa urging an
immediate step-up in the battle against
air pollution. Farm Bureau recommend-
ed that the Air Pollution Control Com-
mission be continued but that it be made
a separate agency and given its own in-
vestigative research and enforcement
powers and facilities and separated from
any other state agency. We asked that
it be set up under the State Cabinet and
responsible to it. In this way it is felt that
Cabinet, which must be responsive to the
needs of all the people in the state, would
get this program moving in the way it was
intended in the beginning. Polk County
Farm Bureau Vice President Paul Huff
also testified, strongly urging the creation
of an air pollution agency with "real
muscle." Also testifying as a private
(Continued on next page )


Angus Bulls


20-Two Year Olds

12-Three Year Olds

6-Four Year Olds

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ready to work right now. Registered
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Hidden Hills OB 53. From a TB and
Bangs free herd.

Easy to find. The ranch is on the Okeecho-
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exit from the Sunshine State Parkway. Come
see us!

Ph. 683-5134, 683-1464
Rt. 1, Box 356-0

(Continued from page 3)
citizen interested in the problem and af-
fected by it, was Florida Farm Bureau
Board member J. A. Miles, Jr. of Plant
City. All farmers should become as con-
versant as possible with this air pollu-
tion problem even though it may not
seem to be of great importance in some
areas at the present time. It will how-
ever, become of increasing importance as
more industry and people move into the
State, and it's certain to receive major
attention from the 1967 Legislature.



Burlap Bags

Lyons Bag Co.
Rt. 5, Box 1099 Lakeland, Fla.

The Cover Picture

Florida Supplies Mid-Winter

Tomatoes to Frozen North

Florida Agriculture, February, 1967

This period is the peak harvest season
for much of Florida's winter tomato crop,
especially in the lower part of the penin-
sula. Thanks to Florida farmers, fresh
tomatoes are available in the frozen
North during its blizzard months.
Over-all the winter harvest begins in
early January and extends to the end of
March, according to Robert E. Hancock,
acting chief, Information Services Section,
Florida Department of Agriculture, who
says that this crop was planted back in
the September-November period. Mr.
Hancock lists the three Florida tomato
picking seasons as follows: Fall: Oct. 15
to Dec. 31; Winter: Jan. 1-Mar. 31;
Spring: Apr. 1-June 15.
Last year Florida farmers planted
54,000 acres in tomatoes; harvested 51,600
acres and sold the crop for $71,559,000,
according to John F. Steffens, Jr., Acting
Agricultural Statistician, Fla. Crop and
Livestock Reporting Service.
This magazine recently asked each
County Farm Bureau to report on its
current tomato crop. In some instances
the request was passed along to the Coun-
ty Agent. Following are replies trun,
some of the larger producing counties:
Dade County FB Secretary Barbara
Siron checked with the County Agent's
office in Homestead and learned that
about 15,000 acres of tomatoes will be
harvested this year. Broward's Assistant
County Agent Frank J. Jasa says there
are approximately 900 acres planted and
all are trellis or stake tomatoes. Palm
Beach County's Robert S. Pryor, county
agent, says that his area plants about
95% of its 4085 acre tomato crop in vine
Collier FB's Jeanne Whisnant, office
secretary, reports that there are about
4,000 acres in stake tomatoes and about
6,500 acres in ground tomatoes there. Lee
County's Henry Witte, Jr., manager, Ft.
Myers State Farmer's Market, reports
that about 500 to 600 acres are planted
in tomatoes. Frankye Thomas, office sec-
retary for Hendry County FB, reports
that an estimated yield of 1.75 million
boxes of tomatoes is anticipated in her

county. Martha Cawood, Hillsborough
FB office secretary asked County Agent
Milford Jergensen about the tomato crop
there and reports: 6,190 acres are plant-
ed in the Hillsborough-Ruskin-Manatee
area and about 2,400 acres in Hillsbor-
ough county alone this season.
Indian River FB's Mary Aldendorf, of-
fice secretary, checked with Forrest Mc-
Cullers and Cola Streeman of Hogan &
Sons, Inc., Vero Beach and got estimates
of 350 to 450 as this year's acreage in
tomatoes there. Hardee FB's Lorain
Moye, office secretary, asked County
Agent Jack Hayman about this year's
acreage and learned that an estimated
450-500 is the figure. Okeechobee Coun-
ty Agricultural Agent C. R. Boyles re-
ports that approximately 2500 acres will
be harvested in his area this season, in
two crops. DeSoto FB's Ina Laidig, of-
fice secretary, learned from County Agent
Agent Ed Russell that the estimated to-
mato yield this year will be in excess of
50,000 crates.
St. Lucie FB's Elizabeth Kellogg, of-
fice secretary, says County Agent Hugh
Whelchel estimates that 3000 acres will
be harvested this year. Glades County
Agent Billy O. Bass reports that about
400 acres is planted there. Sumter Coun-
ty Agricultural Agent Donald A. George
reports that about 600 acres will be har-
vested this year and that an estimated
yield of 400 bushels per acre is expected.
Marion's Eunice W. Caruthers, FB of-
fice secretary learned from County Agent
Edsel Rowan that about 600 acres will be
harvested. Carrole A. McDonald, Pinel-
las FB office secretary, says that County
Agent Gil Whitten, estimates that about
65,000 pounds of Hydroponic tomatoes
will be grown there this year.
Counties which harvest tomatoes pri-
marily in late spring include Jackson,
Volusia, Clay, Lake, Holmes, according
to reports from local Farm Bureaus.
other FB office secretaries and county
agents who took the trouble to answer
even though no tomatoes are produced
commercially in the respective areas.

Flue-Cured Tobacco Meeting

The annual district meeting of the Flue-Cured Tobacco Cooperative Sta-
bilization Corporation will be held in Live Oak, February 21. The session
will take place, beginning at 2'00 p.m. in the Elks Lodge.
The announcement was made by L. T. Weeks, Raleigh, N.C., general
manager of the corporation, who urged all growers to attend.
The Live Oak meeting is one of 10 district meetings scheduled this
month throughout the flue-cured tobacco states, but is the only one to be
held in Florida.

Florida Farm Bureau


(elected officers)
Arthur E. Karst, Vero Beach, Fla. (Pres)
2311 Victory Blvd. PH (305) 562-5681
Billy Hill, Jasper, Florida (V-Pres)
Route 1. Ph. (904) 792-2633
Robert Clark, Ft. Lauderdale, Fla. (Sec)
1575 Ponce DeLeon Dr. Ph. (904) 463-2473
Walter Kautz, Canal Point, Fla. (Treas)
P. 0. Box 132. Ph. (305) 924-7794

Charles Freeman, Chairman, Okeedhobee, Fla.
State Road 70 West. Ph. (813) 763-3610
J. S. Allen, Jr., Umatilla, Florida
Route 1, Box 11. Ph. (813) 669.3202
Bruce Fullerton, Lake Wales, Florida
P. O. Box 206. Ph. (813) 638-1529
Walter Welkener, Jacksonville, Florida
Route 3, Box 612. Ph. (904) 765-5926
E. H. Finlayson, Greenville, Florida
Route 2, Box 81. Ph. (904) 948-2444

Robert L. Clark, chairman, Ft. Lauderdale
1575 Ponce DeLeon Dr. Ph. (904) 463-6848
R. R. Denlinger, Dade City, Florida
Route 2, Box 44. Ph. (904) 567-5424
Mrs. Geo. W. Munroe, Quincy, Florida
313 N. Carry St. Ph. (904) 627-8230
E. C. Rowell, Wildwood, Florida
Box 1028. Ph. (904) 748-5678
Earl Ziebarth, Pierson, Florida
Box 448. Ph. (904) 749-2243

Billy Hill, chairman, Jasper, Florida
Route 1. Ph. (904) 792-2633
J. A. Miles, Jr., Plant City, Florida
402 Sunset Drive. Ph. (813) 752-7031
Forrest Davis, Jr., Quincy, Florida
Route 3, Box 225A. Ph. (904) 627-5424
Mrs. J. A. Frazier, Williston, Florida
Route 2, Box 167. Ph. (904) 528-2951
Bryan W. Judge, Sr., Orlando, Florida
2711 Nela Avenue. Ph. (305) 855-2862

J. A. Miles, Jr., Chairman, Plant City, Florida
402 Sunset Drive. Ph. (813) 752-7031
J. J. Brialmont, Bell, Florida
P. O. Box 66. Ph. (904) 463-2473
Wayne Mixson, Marianna, Florida
504 Noland Street. Ph. (904) 482-4454
A. F. Copeland, Arcadia, Florida
Route 3, Box 272. Ph. (013) 929-5901
Bruce Fullerton, Lake Wales, Florida
Box 206. Ph. (813) 638-1529

J. S. Allen, Jr., Chairman, Umatilla, Fla.
Route 1, Box 11. Ph. (813) 669-3202
Richard E. Finlay, Jay, Florida
P. 0. Box 97. Ph. (904) 675-4918
Walter J. Kautz, Canal Point, Florida
Box 132. Ph. (305) 924-7794
Robert L. Clark, Ft. Lauderdale, Fla.
1575 Ponce DeLeon Dr. Ph. (305) 523-6848
Earl Ziebarth, Pierson, Florida
Box 448. Ph. (904) 749-2243

Florida Agriculture, February, 1967

works for

saves you


Reddy is your hardest-working helper.
Just flick a switch and
he'll go to work for you. He'll
carry and unload, milk the cows,
irrigate the fields, feed the
stock, sharpen the tools. All for
wages 31% lower than 10 years ago!
You'll profit more when you Farm Better, Electrically!




Spot Ads... You Are

This spot ad, 1 col x 2" costs only
$20.16. You can invite over 36,000
farm families to do business with
you each time this ad appears.


Your home is probably your most expensive investment. Fire can destroy
it without warning because no home is fireproof. Your own Farm Bureau
company can sell you the fire insurance you need. See your local Farm Bureau
agent today or write Preston H. Gough, executive vice president.



Phone: 533-4111 Night, 533-7642

MEMBER Florida Cithrus Nurserymen's Assn.
M IFlorida Nurseymen Growers Assn
oF American Association of Nurserymn


Art You Fuq Coverd?

Cn You 9eVp Lik

A Baby At Night?

; : ... .,, ,. .. .I .. ,l,. ."... .. ..
.; .. ... -.

:.. : ':: .,,

S. Because you know your Farm Bureau agent will
take care of any and all your insurance needs that might arise.
Why not see your Farm Bureau agent today and get a good
night's rest "tonight" and "every" night.

Home Office Branch Office
P. O. Box 78, Jackson, Mississippi 4350 SW 13th St., Gainesville, Fla.

This scene will be duplicated this month when a new Citrus
Queen will be selected Wednesday night, February 22 in
Winter Haven, during the annual Florida Citrus Showcase,
which runs from the 18th through 25th. Here the 1966
Citrus Queen, Miss Lavoyce Leggett of Miami, is pictured as
she received her crown following selection last year. A
committee has narrowed the field of candidates down from
about 50 to 25 finalists, by working from pictures. After
further interviews the list will be cut to five from which the
queen will be selected at the Sertoma Club sponsored
Coronation Ball in Winter Haven. The queen will receive
$1000 in cash and as in the past will represent the Florida
Citrus industry during 1967. Last year's winner was
sponsored by the Homestead Redland District C of C. She
is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. C. I. Leggett, 10235 Montego
Bay Drive, Miami.

Citrus is in

Spotlight This Month

Both man and nature co-operate to
show-off Florida's biggest agricultural
crop this month. The Florida Citrus Show-
case takes place in Winter Haven, Feb.
18-25 (see picture and description above).
Also Mother Nature chooses this time of
the year for her citrus trees to put on
their spectacular bloom. All varieties,
early, mid-season and late, put on their
blooms at about the same time. (The
Citrus Tower, on highway 27, near Cler-
mont rises high in the sky and is a good
spot to view thousands of acres df citrus
when in full bloom).
The sixth edition of the "Florida Cit-
rus Hall of Fame" will be a highlight of

the Citrus Showcase. Again the industry
will pay honor to the people who worked
with or aided the industry in its early
days. John Lesley, General Manager,
Florida Citrus Exchange, is in charge of
the selection committee. Other features
of the exposition will be a display of all
phases of modern citrus cultural prac-
tices as well as farm machinery. The lat-
ter will include a working model of a me-
chanical fruit picker, designed by Cooper-
Mays of Vero Beach, according to Rob-
ert J. Eastman, manager of the fair.
Size and value of the citrus industry
may be indicated by one of its by-pro-
ducts. The world's largest bottle making

plant is located in Manatee County. The
tremendous facility, operated as a wholly
owned subsidiary of Tropicana Products,
Inc., covers 71/2 acres of the company's
36 acre complex in Bradenton.
Over 500 tons of raw materials are re-
quired every day to keep the giant plant
running. Silica sand, which comprises
53% of the raw materials used is found in
Florida and supplied by local firms. Other
materials are shipped in by rail.
The company's huge furnaces must
maintain about 2,760 degrees Fahrenheit
to melt glass and they use more than 3
million cubic feet of natural gas per day.
The combined electrical load of the plant
is about 3,000 horsepower. The Braden-
ton plant is the most modern in the na-
tion and its entire production is used to
package Tropicana products.
Reason for the rapid growth of Tropi-
cana's glass bottle plant is its success in
marketing chilled citrus juice throughout
the nation as well as in foreign countries.
Another highlight for Citrus this
month will be the second annual fresh
fruit competition to be held during the
Fla. Citrus Showcase (see first paragraph
above). There will be 10 classifications
which can be entered.
Richard G. Kingham, Lake Alfred,
president of the industry-sponsored event
says "through the medium of this con-
test, which attracted considerable at-
tention last year, we can demonstrate to
the public Florida is a quality conscious
citrus producing state." Top awards in
the contest will be awarded during Gov-
ernor's Day, scheduled for Friday, Feb.

This picture shows a portion of the
Tropicana complex in Bradenton, described
in the above article. It shows bottles,
made the same day, being packaged for

Florida Agriculture, February, 1967


The largest mass colonization movement
in the history of South America gets
official blessing of the Bolivian Govern-
ment this month. A decree opens more
than 10 million acres of virgin land to
mass immigration from foreign countries,
according to the Bolivian News Service,
which has offices at 201 E 42nd St., New
York. The report further says that the
new immigration law, was moulded to
encourage and facilitate colonization by
foreign experts in the following cate-
gories: cattle, cotton, rice, tea, logging,
spice, citrus fruits and poultry.

St. Lucie and Orange County's Cush-
man S. Radebaugh, former national
President of the American Cattlemen's
Ass'n and also a former state officer of
the FFBF, has extended his agricultural
interests into Australia. He owns, in
partnership with Sir William Gunn of
Australia, a large tract in the Northern
territory. Mr. Radebaugh says, The tract
is known as Douglas Station and while
quite old had practically no improve-
ments. We had to start from the ground
and build up in more or less a wilderness
area." Today about 100,000 acres is under
fence. A second station, known as
"Gimbat" and consisting of about 1,350,-
000 acres has since been purchased and
is being improved at the rate of about
3,000 acres per year. "The property is
in the tropics with no frost or freezing
weather to encounter, but conditions are
similar to those encountered in Florida
back in the early '30's", Mr. Radebaugh

Berlin's traditional agricultural fair
"Gruene Weche" closed February 5 after
marking an all-time high in number of
exhibitors. Despite the fact that Berlin is
cut off from its agricultural hinterland
more companies than ever before from
all over the world sent their products for
display, according to a German News
Release. It said that the U.S. Pavilion
was devoted to the theme "One Hundred
Years, Alaska, U.S.A."

The Ohio Farm Bureau is throwing its
full support behind efforts to keep that
state on Eastern Standard Time through-
out the year. D. R. Stanfield, Executive
Vice President of the Ohio Federation
said in a recent release to newspapers
that "Unless our General Assembly acts
quickly to pass legislation, Ohio will go
on Daylight Savings Time on the last
Sunday in April through October under
the provisions of the Uniform Time Act
passed by the last session of Congress.

The Farm Bureau Travel Service has
announced the following tours: To New
Zealand-Australia, leaving March 19 for
44 days; to Hawaii, leaving April 26, for
13 days; to Scandinavia, leaving May 16,
for 30 days, and to Alaska, June 1 and
June 8 for 16 days respectively and to

systems for pigs. A rounded diet of a
consistency similar to the squeeze-tube

"At least 57,000 more crows are criti-
cally need by to assist American farmers
in raising the crops required to feed the
fast growing population of the world".
The event portrayed in this picture is soon That's a quote from a recent news re-
to be re-enacted. It will be a highlight of lease issued by the Society for the Pre-
the up-coming annual Florida Strawberry servation of the Crow, 25 E. 73rd St.,
Festival, which takes place in Plant City, New York.
March 13-18. (The Festival is incorporated
in the annual Hillsborough County Fair). A free colorful booklet entitled "Fight
The picture shows the 1966 champion A free colorful booklet entitled "Fight
strawberry picker, Bill McClelland, center, Disease with Plant Nutrients" may be
former president of the Plant City C of C, obtained by writing Dept. N., American
who won the annual contest held at Potash Inst., 1102 Sixteenth St., NW,
Parkesdale Farms at Dover. At right is Washington, D.C. 20036. Among other
the 1965 champion, Joe Shelnut, produce things the booklet tells why potash
buyer for Publix Super Markets. Holding strengthens stalks and stems against
the trophy is Miss Sandra Link, current invading organisms and how it helps to
strawberry queen, who will relinquish her delay plant senility old age or sene-
title to a successor March 16. For more- ol
information about the fair and festival, science.
contact C. D. Swingley, manager, box 832,
Plant City. (North Florida's strawberry The Central Florida Fair at Orlando.
season comes later in the year. Peter J. February through March 11, except Sun-
Novak, general manager of the Starke day, will feature a beef cattle show; the
Bradford Chamber of Commerce, says State 4-H Dairy Show; County 4-H
that promotion activities in that area won't
start until next month and it will be re- Poultry Show; a Rabbit Show; Horse
ported in this magazine's March issue). Show; as well as individual exhibits from
the following counties and cities: Marion,
Putnam, Osceola, Seminole, Brevard,
the Canadian Expo '67 in Montreal, Lake; Apopka, Conway, Ocoee, Winter
leaving Aug. 12 and Sept. 1 for 11 days. Garden and Zellwood. The Fair opens
(The ship will serve as hotel during the daily at 11 a.m. and closes at midnight,
visit). For brochures or information on except on Saturdays when the opening
any of the above write Ken Goy, man- time is moved up to 9 a.m. The fair-
ager, Farm Bureau Travel Service, 4350 grounds are near I-4 Expressway exits in
S W13th St., Gainesville, Florida. There mid-town Orlando.
is no obligation.
Certain kinds of cancer in animals and
The 20th National Conference on humans may be traced to poisons in
Rural Health takes place next month, moldy grain, according to Dr. George T.
at the White House Inn, at Charlotte, Edds, chairman, University of Florida
N.C., March 10-11. For a free brochure Veterinary Science Department. Dr.
and other information write American Edds also said that in 1960 death of
Medical Ass'n, 535 N. Dearborn St., 100,000 turkey poults in England was
Chicago, Ill. 60610. shown to be caused by moldy peanut
meal. "Once they form on grain, toxins
Without agricultural herbicides the can remain poisonous even after several
U.S. farmer would have to move 600 years of storage", he added.
billion tons of dirt each year by
mechanical tillage, according to Dr. M. T. Air and water pollution can be more
Goebel, ad director of research for the than just a problem to city cousins.
DuPont Company in an address before Pollutions of both kind can destroy pro-
the Southern Farm Forum in New Or- ductiveness of large areas of farm land,
leans last month. He said weed killers as well as making water supplies unsafe
were used very little just 20 years ago for both livestock and human consump-
but are a major factor in today's agri- tion.-From Indiana Farm Bureau.
cultural production success.
An announcement by Medical Chemi-
Piggs of the future may be fed in calls Corp. states that, for the first time,
much the same way as astronauts, if a emergency therapy is available without
feeding system envisioned by an eminent prescription for Anaphlactoid shock in
agricultural researcher becomes a reality, cattle, horses, sheep and Swine. For
In experiments at the Ohio State Univer- more information write the company at
sity the feasibility of paste-feeding 4122 West Grand Ave., Chicago 60651

Florida Agriculture, February, 1967


A round-up of Fairs and other Agricultural Shows; Conventions,
stock sales-County Farm Bureau meetings & others of interest to
farmers throughout Florida.

Feb. 7-18. Fla. State Fair. Tampa.
Feb. 12. "Mardl Gras of Mud," world famous
Swamp Buggy Races, Naples.
Feb. 12. Martin County Quarter Horse Show,
Feb. 13-17. International marketing seminar of
Big Dutchman Reps. Grand Rapids, Mich.
Feb. 14-19. Dade County Fair, Exposition. Home-
Feb. 15. Dundee Winter Vacation Sale. Lutz.
Feb. 15-16. Seminar for Agricultural Missionaries,
Univ. of Fla.. Gainesville.
Feb. 16. Pinellas FB board meeting, 7:30 p.m,, 623
Grand Central St., Clearwater.
Feb. 16. Levy FB Blue Cross-Medicare program.
2:30 and 8 p.m. FB Bldg., Bronson.
Feb. 16-17. Suwannee River Beef Cattle Show &
Sale. Suwannee River.
Feb. 16-17. Sweet Potato Council of U. S. Annual
Meet, Williamsburg, Va.
Feb. 18-25. Fla. Citrus Showcase. Winter Haven.
Feb. 19-22. Annual Nat. Peach Council convention.
Wichita, Kan.
Feb. 20. Lake FB board meeting. 8 p.m. FB Bldg.,
Feb. 20. Lafayette FB meeting, 7:30 p.m., Mayo
Community Center.
Feb. 20-25. Hendry County Fair & Livestock Show.
Feb. 20-26. St. Lucie County Fair, Ft. Pierce.
Feb. 21. Madison FB Board meeting, 7:30 p.m.,
FB office, Bronson.
Feb. 21. Okaloosa FB board meeting, 7 p.m., FB
office in Masonic Bldg., Crestvlew.
Feb. 21. Annual meet, Flue Cured Tobacco Co-Op
Stabilization Corp. 2 p.m., Elks Lodge, Live
Feb. 21. Vegetable Field Day, Central Fla. Exp.
Sta., Sanford.
Feb. 22. Ind. River FB board meet, Dudley Cly-
att's Home, Vero Beach.
Feb. 22-26. Kissimmee Valley Livestock Show &
Silver Spurs Rodeo. St. Cloud-Kissimmee road.
Feb. 27. Oseeola FB board meeting. 7:30 p.m.,
Ag Bldg., Jr. Hi School, Kissimmee.
Feb. 27-28. North Fla. Livestock Show & Sale.
Feb. 28-Mar. 4. Hernando County Fair. Brooks-
Feb. 27-Mar. 11. Central Fla. Fair. Orlando (closed
on Sunday, Mar. 5).
Mar. 2. Hardee FB board meeting, 7:30 p.m., FB
office building, Wauchula.
Mar. 2. Union FB board meeting, 7:30 p.m. Town
House Restaurant, Lake Butler.
Mar. 4-5 AFBF Fields Crops Advisory Committee
meets, Chicago. (See pages 10-11.)
Mar. 4. Production Charolais Sale, DS Ranch,
Mar. 4. Suwannee FB board meeting, 7:30 p.m.,
FB office, Live Oak.
Mar. 3-5. Chalo-Nltka Festival & Rodeo. Moore
Mar. 6. Calhoun FB board meeting, 6:30 p.m. FB
office, Blountstown.
Mar. 6-11. Pinellas County Fair & Exposition,

Florida Agriculture, February, 1967

Mar. 7. DeSoto Soil Conservation Directors. 7
p.m. Palm House Restaurant, Arcadia.
Mar. 8-11. Citrus County Fair. Inverness.
Mar. 9. Martin FB board meeting. 7:30 p.m., Levi
M. Johnson Agr. Center, Stuart.
Mar. 9. Orange FB board meeting. FB building,
Mar. 9. Putnam-St. Johns FB board meeting, 7:30
p.m. FB building, East Palatka.
Mar. 10-11. Am. Medleal Ass'n's 20th Nat. Conf.
on rural health, Charlotte, N.C.
Ma. 11. Fla. Walking Horse Ass'n Sale. Fair.
grounds, Tampa.
Mar. 11-18. Martin County Fair. Stuart.
Mar. 13. Sarasota FB board meeting, 8 p.m., FB
office, 4129 Bee Ridge Md., Sarasota.
Mar. 13-18. Florida Strawberry Festival and Hills-
borough County Fair. Plant City.
Mar. 13-18. Lake County Fair. Eustis.
Mar. 14-18. Landscaping school. Parkway Jr. High,
Titusville. 7:30 to 9:30 p.m.
Mar. 16. Annual Stockholders meet, Fla. Citrus
Prod. Credit Ass'n. Tupperware Auditorium,
Mar. 16-17. Poulk County Youth Fair. Bartow.
Mar. 17-19. Fla. Foliage Festival. Apopka.
Mar. 17. Fla. graded feeder pig sale. Madison.
Mar. 20. Sarasota County Fair. Sarasota.
Mar. 21-25. Levy County Fair. Williston.
Mar. 27. Osceola FB board meeting, Osceola.
Mar. 27-31. Annual Grain and Feed Dealer's con-
vention, Hilton Hotel, New York.
Mar. 29-Apr. 1. Bradford County Fair & Straw.
berry Festival. Starke.
Apr. 1. Fla. Auctioneers Ass'n gen. meet. Cherry
Plaza, 2 p.m., Orlando.
Apr. 18-21. Festival of Fla. Foods. Exposition Park,
Orlando. (Spon. by Fla. Dept. of Agr).
Apr. 27-29. Annual Fla. Turf-Grass Trade Show.
Ft. Lauderdale.
May 5. Field Day, Everglades Exper. Sta. Belle
May 5-7. Annual Beef Cattle Short Course. Uni-
versity of Fla., Gainesville.
May 10-12. First International Agribusiness Con-
ference. Sheraton Hotel. Chicago.
June 13-16. State Conv. Fla. Cattlemen's Ass'n.
Diplomat Hotel. Hollywood.
June 16-21. Amer. Jersey Cattle Club, annual
meet, Houston, Texas.
June 19. Annual meeting, Fla. Citrus Mutual.
(Place to be announced).
July 4. Rodeo. Fairgrounds. Immokalee.

February 15. Tour to Hawaii for 13 day visit, be.
March 1. Tour to Australia & New Zealand be-
gins. 46 days.
March 17. Tour to Orient begins. 32 days.
June 1 & 8. Two Tours to Alaska. 16 days.
For free brochures and information regarding
tours write Mr. Ken Goy, manager, Farm Bureau
Tours, 4350 SW 13th St., Gainesville, Florida.
(More information elsewhere in this issue).

"I suspect he's not overly-popular
with the stock."


"This will be the best show we have
ever put on." That's the way Bill Beck,
president and general manager of the
Kissimmee Valley Livestock Show, de-
scribed the up-coming February 22-26
event. As in the past a feature of the
week-long show is the annual Silver
Spurs Rodeo, which runs from Feb. 24
thru 26 starting at 2:30 p.m. daily.
In addition to the regular cattle dis-
plays and judging of Angus, Brahmans,
Charolais, Hereford, Santa Gertrudis
and Shorthorn, the first annual Steer
Show and Sale will take place.
To help promote the Steer Show and
Sale "Blackie," the International Grand
Champion Black Angus Steer will be on
display during the week. He will come
from the International Livestock Show
and Exposition held annually in Chicago.
"Blackie" weighs 1175 lbs. and cost $15.-
00 per lb. for a total of $17,625.00.

Flue Cured Tobacco Stories
The Agricultural Experiment Station
at the University of Florida in Gaines-
ville has released a story on tobacco in
four parts. They tell about last year's
record crop; diseases; use of plastic cov-
ers; how cold affects growing conditions
and a breakdown of tobacco producing
counties. For copies write: Ed Fisher,
assistant experiment station editor at
above address.
See page 4 for announcement about
this month's annual Flue-Cured Tobacco
District meeting in Live Oak

Commodity Series Continues
This issue salutes the Florida winter
tomato industry of Florida Agriculture.
See page 4. It continues a series begun
several years ago. Citrus, the state's larg-
est farm crop, has predominated the
series. Other commodities covered so far
include: cattle; field crops; vegetables;
tobacco; corn; tung oil; tropical fruits;
grass; hogs; honey; cotton; peanuts;
pecans; potatoes; soybeans; horses; and
dairy farming. Others will follow.-editor.



By Lewis Haveard, director FFBF Dept. of Field Services

Several important leadership conferences have been held
or will take place during first quarter of 1967.
Mrs. George Munroe of Quincy, State Women's Chairman
and State Board Member, also with Mrs. Betty Frazier of
Williston, State Secretary and State Board Member; Mrs.
Leon Armes of Caryville; and Mrs. John McCown of Clermont;
District Chairmen, and the writer attended a regional A.F.B.F.
Women's Conference in August, Georgia January 24 and 25.
These ladies also held a workshop to plan the Program of Work
for the Florida Farm Bureau Women for 1967.
The 12th Annual Presidents' Conference is being held
February 9 and 10 at the Farm Bureau Headquarters Building
in Gainesville. The program includes (1) committee and staff
progress reports, (2) State and National Legislation, (3)
organizing an effective Policy Execution Program, and (4)
discussing roles and responsibilities of county leaders.
The Spring District Meetings will be held February 28,
March 1, 2, 7 and 8. All interested county Farm Bureau
members are urged to attend the meeting nearest him. The
exact date and place will be announced later. These meetings
will be devoted entirely to getting understanding of Florida
Farm Bureau State Legislative Program and National Legisla-
tive Program. You can be sure that taxes and labor will be
two of the main issues discussed.
We are also planning to have meetings by senatorial districts
with our legislators sometime during the first half of March.
This is difficult to plan at this writing due to the unsettled
conditions surrounding legislative reapportionment. Your
county Farm Bureau leaders will be attending all of these
meetings in behalf of you, the member. They are busy people
and it will be a sacrifice on their part. You should encourage

them and give them your support by attending your county
meetings and any area meeting that is held near you. This
will give them the inspiration and support that they desire in
carrying on the work of Farm Bureau for their members.
We are pleased to announce the appointment of Dennis E.
Emerson, of Alachua, to the FFBF's Fieldman staff. He will
service county Farm Bureau offices in 10 North Florida
counties including Taylor, Madison, Jefferson, Leon, Wakulla,
Gadsden, Hamilton, Suwannee, Lafayette and Dixie. Dennis'
photo will appear at top of the opposite page next month along
with the others on the staff, which writes items of county
activities for this section each month.

Columbia FB is co-operating with the Lake City Reporter
and other groups in planning an issue of that newspaper as a
salute to agriculture, the county's largest industry. The size,
value d imand importance of agriculture is expected to be brought
to the public's attention in the special issue.

Washington FB directors, last month, signed the deed for a
new office building. It will be located on highway 90 west of
Chipley, across the street from the old location. The office
will also stock tires and batteries for the membership.

Holmes FB is in process of moving its county offices into a
building purchased sometime ago.

Washington FB's former President, Ralph Carter, of
Chipley has been appointed by AFBF President Shuman to
serve on the Farm Bureau's Field Crops Advisory Committee
this year. He will represent the Southern region of AFBF at
committee meetings, which help develop AFBF policy matters
relating to field crops. The group's first meeting of 1967 takes
place March 4-5 in Chicago.

Santa Rosa FB's new building at Jay was the scene of an
important meeting for farmers last month. Cliff Alston,
economist with the Florida Agriculture Extension Service and
a representative from the U.S. Internal Revenue service
explained the value of good farm records and expense items
which are deductible. After the meeting both guests were
available to answer individual questions. Arrangements for
the session were made by William C. Zorn and Jack J. Spears,
County Agent and Ass't Agent, respectively.

Indian River FB, at a recent membership meeting in the
new Community Center's Florida Room at Vero Beach, heard
a talk by James P. McCann, Orlando, account executive with
Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith, Inc. Mr. McCann is
responsible for co-ordinating all commodity activities for his
firm in the Central Florida area.

Levy FB recently paid special honor to David Spillane upon his
retirement after 20 years of service as the county's Farm Bureau
Insurance agent. This picture was made during the event, a
surprise party, which attracted over 50 members. Mr. Spillane,
seated, is seen holding the plaque he received from Levy FB. He
also received from the Florida Farm Bureau Insurance Companies
a set of camouflage hunting togs. Others in the photo are:
L to R: Frank Boutwell, Gainesville, representing the FFBF
Insurance Companies; Mrs. J. A. Frazier, president of Levy FB
and a member of the FFBF's board of directors; T. K. McClane,
Jr., Gainesville, executive vice president, FFBF; and Mrs. Spillane.
(Photo by Al Alsobrook, director of Information, FFBF.)

Florida Agriculture, February, 1967



Osceola FB's John Johnston, recently completed construc-
tion of a new Quality Court motel Dutch Pantry restaurant on
part of his dairy farm, facing the Sunshine State Parkway. The
new complex is between Kissimmee and St. Cloud. Mr.
Johnston is a former Osceola County FB President and former
member of the FFBF's board of directors.

Marion FB's J. G. 'Jim' Kirkland was re-elected chairman
of the county board of commissioners at a meeting held in
Ocala last month.

Hendry FB's board member, E. R. Felton of Labelle, was
named vice president of the Alico Land Development Company
last month and will be in charge of cattle and citrus for the

The Universal Turkey Calling Contest will be a feature
attraction of the ChalO-Nita Festival in Moore Haven, Mar.
3-5. Participants from Arkansas and Pennsylvania will be
present, according to Leora Sykes, Executive Secretary for the
Festival, who also says that Chief Billy Osceola will have the
Seminols out in full regalia for the event.

Florida Farm Bureau's first membership card was issued to
Charles E. Sanford of Palm Harbor. That was 25 years ago
when the organization was organized. Mr. Sanford was an
honored guest at the FFBF's Silver Anniversary convention in
Jacksonville last Fall, along with others who helped found or
who contributed to the organization's growth in its formative
years. He attended the AFBF national convention, along with
the late George Fullerton, first FFBF president. They were
enroute when it was announced that Pearl Harbor had been
bombed. Mr. Sanford writes: "The convention was held as
scheduled but one could feel the tention of this moments time.

Last month 10 County Farm Bureau office secretaries were in
Gainesville on a tour of the FFBF building. They were escorted
through the entire operation of the Florida Farm Bureau state
headquarters as well as the FB Insurance offices to see the
relationship to the overall work. In this picture, Barbara Koser,
secretary to Lowis Haveard, FFBF director of Field Services, shows
the girls some of the materials crossing her desk. Sandy Johnson,
sales director for the Farm Bureau Insurance Companies, invited
the girls to the one day conference. The following County FB's
were represented: Pinellas, Lake, Levy, Lafayette, Okeechobee,
Hernando, Polk and Seminole.

Jackson County's outstanding young farmer of the year, Davis
Taylor of Graceville is pictured here feeding some of his pure-
bred Hampshire hogs at his farm. He was selected by the
Graceville Junior Chamber of Commerce earlier this season for
the annual honor. In 1959, 1960 and 1961 he was named
Florida Peanut Champion. Last year he produced 93 tons of
peanuts on 51 acres for an average of 3,647 to the acre. On
his best 13 acres his average was 4,401 pounds. Mr. Taylor is
active in the Jackson County FB, and is presently serving as vice
chairman and member of the board of directors. (Photo obtained
for this issue by Laverne Long, office secretary, Jackson FB, from
the Jackson County Floridan).

Kent Doke, FFBF fieldman for district 2, says: "By the time you
read this Duval County will have had its open house and dedica-
tion of its new building (pictured here). It is located at 5542
Dunn Avenue and Farm Road in Dinsmore. More on this in the
next issue".

Florida Agriculture, February, 1967

Many of the top speakers had to cancel out." (A picture of that
meeting appeared in FA's December issue). His letter con-
tinues: "In regard to the Citrus Growers, Inc., which I believe
is the father of the FFBF, it was a great organization in which
many persons spent much time effort and money to organize
the citrus industry. I am pleased that the FFBF has been so
successful through the years and has a great future in which to
look forward to."






By Mrs. Geo. W. Munroe, Chairman, FFBF Women's Committee

It is now time for each member to
turn in to County Women's Chairmen
the name of any young person who might
be interested in competing for the Winn-
Dixie Florida Farm Bureau College
scholarship award. You will help your
chairman in doing this. Your county
President, County Women's Chairman,
Farm Bureau office and fieldman will
have applications soon. These have to
be received at the state FFBF office by
June. Through the efforts of the
Women's Committee your Farm Bureau
gives a second prize of $100 and a third
prize of $50. The winners, a girl and a
boy, each receive $1000 scholarships as in
the past.
We are going back to our old method
of having the spring meetings. The staff
will come to you. This year it is im-
portant that as many women as possible
attend as there will be bills coming up in
Congress and in the State Legislature
that will be of utmost importance to
farmers and farm families. You will be
informed about this legislation and I
hope we can bring to you something that
will make this the best year yet. Dates
will be announced later.
In last month's issue we had the first
portion of Mrs. Haven Smith's speech to
the ladies at the AFBF convention in
Las Vegas. Last month Mrs. Smith told
you "What We See Today". The rest of
her talk tells you "What We Can Do", It
is divided under four general headings.

FIRST, we must strengthen our County
Farm Bureaus. We must get more basic,
fundamental thinking and discussion at
the local level. Every one of us has a
responsibility to see to it that there is not
one single County Farm Bureau in our
State that is merely an agency for a
service program, a membership list, or a
mechanism for electing officers. If we
fail in any county to have a program
through which we are doing something
toward Farm Bureau objectives, women
are equally responsible with men. Mr.
Shuman says that half of what is Farm
Bureau locally, half of the things we are
doing, are things women have stimulated.
He talks about the many places where
something gets done because women do
something about it. Now isn't a large
part of the blame ours in the many areas
where we could and should be doing

something, or doing more. and where we
My co-workers and I on the American
Farm Bureau Women's Committee real-
ize full well that the only really im-
portant thing we do, or can do, is to help
and stimulate you to mobilize your
efforts in the 49 State Farm Bureaus and
in Puerto Rico. And to you State Chair-
men. and members of State Committees,
the real value of what you do in your
State is only as you translate it into an
action program in every county.

SECOND, our responsibility to work
for good government is not one iota less
because the election is over. It is even
greater. Our area of concentration will
not be the same as in recent months, but
our objectives are just the same, and our
opportunity for effective effort in the
Congress is greater than it has been for
a long time.
Roger Fleming said, a month ago,
"The choice of liberty, made for us by
our Founding Fathers, is up for review
in the national as well as in the world
arena." And he added, "If we are to
preserve our political liberty, we must
keep, cherish and strengthen the Con-
gress." Toward this objective the
American people took a long step for-
ward on November 8.
Isn't now the time, when forty-seven
freshmen Congressmen are going to
Washington, for us to be very sure they
know that we are watching, that we
understand the issues, that we care, and
that if they represent us, we will send
them back? Isn't now the time, when the
"caution light" has been turned on for
architects of the Great Society at every
level of Government, for us to be very
sure that those who represent us know
what we think? They will be more re-
ceptive to our opinion than they have
been for a long time.
Isn't now the time when we may have
another opportunity on reapportionment,
or on the prayer-in-the-school issue?
Let's be ready to work.
Isn't now the time, after two years of
giddy cries of "yea," for some strong
nayss"? Let's make our voices heard
when the question he eof vast sums for rent
subsidies, the anti-poverty program,
federal aid to education, and demonstra-
tion cities comes up. You have heard

Mrs. Haven Smith, chairman, AFBF
Women's Committee, is pictured here as
she delivered her annual address to the
AFBF convention. Her talk is being re-
printed in Florida Agriculture. The first
portion appeared last month; a second
appears on these pages, and the final
section will be printed next issue. Mrs.
Munroe, Chairman FFBF women's com-
mittee, is also seen in the picture.

Mayor Lindsey estimate that ten billion
dollars will be needed in New York alone
for this one program. We have only
made small down payments on these
programs, the total cost of which could
be beyond belief. Congressmen will be
under pressure to get as much money
for their areas as possible. Democratic
Congressman Mahon from Texas said in
a speech on October 25 to the Chamber
of Commerce in Lubbock, "The ultimate
answer is only partly in Congress; it is
only party in the White House. More
importantly, control of public spending
rests with the people who create public
sent-ment. Congress is not going to
practice restraint unless the message
comes through loud and clear from the
Isn't now the time for conservative
people, for us, to use the best thought of
knowledgeable and inquiring minds
toward the solution of the human prob-
lems that face our Country? The prob-
lems are there, and whether they be
connected with crime, riots, or labor-
whether they be urban or farm problems
-they affect us. And we have a chal-
lenge to help provide the answers. The
paternalistic meddlings of professional
do-gooders, the billions that have been
spent, the dictatorial coercion from
Washington, the sociological tinkering,
have achieved little if any gain, have
aroused large resentment and have weak-
ened moral fibre. But I repeat, the prob-
lems are there. Every problem affects
us. As members of this virile, voluntary,
independent institution, we have a major
responsibility to help find the answers.
Isn't now the time, when government
held surplus stocks have been reduced,
when an overpopulated world is needing
food, to phase out government support
and control and direct payment pro-
grams, and let farmers manage our own
business? This summer when President
Johnson was inspecting corn on the Don
Van Ryswyk farm in Iowa, Mr. Van
Ryswyk asked him what corn prices
would be this fall. President Johnson
turned to Agriculture Secretary Orville
Freeman and said: "Orville, tell this
young man what you're --oing to pay him
for his corn in the fall!" Don't farmers
of America want to get out of the posi-
tion of having our farm operations con-
trolled and our prices manipulated by
politically appointed bureaucrats?

THIRD, I believe that never have
Farm Bureau women had so great an op-
portunity to improve producer-consumer
understanding as we have today, when
boycotting housewives have turned the
spotlight of this Nation on food prices.
A survey taken a few days ago by
Opinion Research Corp. of Princeton;
New Jersey, shows the 84 percent of our
people are concerned about inflation, but
a whopping 41 percent didn't have any
idea what is responsible.
Now these good housewives who are
picketing grocery stores, which operate

Florida Agriculture, February, 1967

on one of the smallest profit margins of
any industry, an average of 1.3 percent
simply do not understand that it is in-
flation, generated by excessive govern-
ment spending, that is causing the rise
in all prices, including food prices.
These women are being aided and
abetted by Administration spokesmen
who are eager to divert attention away
from the real cause of rising prices. I
have followed with much interest the
many recent public appearances of Mrs.
Esther Peterson, a political appointee
paid with our tax money, supposedly as a
consumer counsellor. Mrs. Peterson
recommends "talking with food chains".
"showing public concern", and she talks
about "things that ought to be looked
into." But not once have I heard her
say one word about the real reason for
today's food prices-inflation, generated
by current government policies. Her
approach may be good politics, but it is
neither sound economics nor simple
honesty. Mr. Shuman says, "she is com-
mitting a cruel hoax on the consumer."
But all housewives do not fall for this
hoax. After Mrs. Peterson appeared in
Phoenix recently, a group of 4000 house-
wives, whose spokesman said it would
"boycott Mrs. Peterson". issued this
statement, "After checking into it, we
found that by boycotting these items,
we've been helping destroy free enter-
prise and we want no part of it." These
housewives added that they have found
there are 151 hidden Government taxes
on one loaf of bread.
It could well turn out the housewives'
quest for truth, and the interest that this
has generated in current prices, will
result in more widespread understanding
of what is really happening, and bring
the pressure of public opinion to bear
against the inflationary policies of our
government. Perhaps in a few weeks 41
percent of our citizens will not be saying
that they have no idea what causes infla-
tion. Toward this objective, there is no
group of people in this Nation that can
do so effective a job as Farm Bureau
women-partners in the production of
America's food, who understand the
picture so well, and who can work with
united strength through this organiza-
tion. We can hold informal dinners with
local news media, and redouble our rural-
urban activities. We can speak at local
meetings and write letters to the Editor.
And we can talk. Every day there are
opportunities for every one of us. And
let us not think "Oh, that was in the
paper," and assume that every one knows
FOURTH: In an effort to work on
all fronts to achieve the purposes of Farm
Bureau, our members have developed a
broadened and expanded program to meet
more of our needs.
Twenty-nine state Farm Bureau mar-
keting associations are working together
through the American Agricultural Mar-
keting Association established in 1960.
These 29 States are providing service
ranging from market information to con-
tract negotiations, to producers of 22 dif-
ferent commodities, including many fruits
and vegetables for processing. An im-
portant part of this program is the broiler
marketing service, through which pro-
ducers of 300,000,000 broilers in 10 Sou-
thern States are uniting their efforts to
earn a better income. And I am happy
to tell you that just the other day, the

Florida Agriculture, February, 1967

"" i
.,.,1 B p .^A(njtf^- B s8 r ..i

Any of you ladies out there feeling low, run down, not your usual pretty best? Well...
FA's got the best tonic in the world for you. A beautiful new hatl Or even better. .
four beautiful new hats. Here is a magic hat called Masquerade. that combines four
different hat personalities in one. The new hat creation is an exclusive for Florida
Agriculture readers from PRIMS and they've sent along FREE patterns to show you how
to make it. Two of the four magic hats, from the one pattern, are shown above. A
third appears on page 14 for the young in heart and there's a secret fourth for you.
Write, Mrs. Martha Zehner, assistant to editor, 4350 SW 13th St., Gainesville, Florida
and she'll rush to you the FREE pattern with compliments of FA.

marketing specialist in one of these states
said that as many women as men attend
their quarterly broiler meetings. Possi-
bilities of improving markets for livestock,
dry edible beans and other commodities
are being explored. The development of
new markets abroad through the Rotter-
dam Office of the Farm Bureau Trade
Development Corporation is an import-
ant part of Farm Bureau's marketing ac-
In discussing these programs, Mr. Shu-
man emphasizes the word "earn" because
our marketing program is a tool, not a
weapon. He says, "A major objective of
Farm Bureau's marketing program is to
use and improve the market system." We
are improving marketing techniques, just
as we have improved production practices.
Our record-keeping program is a self-
help tool-its objective, a more complete
knowledge and better understanding of
our farm operations.
Our insurance and service programs are
a self-help tool-their objective, lowering
the cost of doing business.
The Farm Bureau Mutual Fund is an-
other tool-through which we are using
our united strength to develop an advan-
tageous saving and earning plan for later
Now in these areas of activity, Farm
Bureau women are neither as well in-
formed nor as helpful as we could and
should be. What can we do? We can at-
tend meetings and learn, assist in explora-
tory work to determine needs, help get
out letters, see that proper publicity is
given through local papers and news let-
ters. We can talk about these programs.
We can help see that they are discussed
at local Farm Bureau meetings. But pre-
requisite to this-we must ourselves know
and understand about them. And the
most important thing we need to under-
stand is that their objective is not apart

from, or different than, what we are doing
in political education and action, legis-
lation, or in developing public understand-
ing. They are a part of making Farm Bu-
reau a virile organization that does not
leave gaps of unmet need which invite so-
lution through government controls and
We paid only 18.2 percent of the aver-
age take home pay for food last year.
Food is the cheapest it has ever been in
terms of the consumer's ability to buy.
2. Most prices received by farmers to-
day are lower than they were 20 years
ago. Farm prices haven't been above 83
percent of parity since 1960, while farm
production costs are at an all-time high.
In this situation, 100,000 farmers are
quitting every year, and farm debt has
gone up 67 percent in the last six years.
3. Current administration policies have
a direct bearing on the costs of many
foods. For example, farmers lost all their
profits and in some cases were forced out
of business when vast unharvested acres
of lettuce rotted in the field because an
outrageously unfair Administration labor
policy made it impossible to get farm
labor for the harvest. This resulted in
an 89 percent increase in the price of let-
tuce to the consumer.
The boycotters think milk is too high.
This isn't because anybody is making a
big profit, but because many dairymen,
confronted with a shortage of qualified
farm labor, harassed by controls, market-
ing orders and price fixing, have been
forced to sell their herds and find work
outside of agriculture.
Let's not forget to remind our con-
sumer friends that they ought to be pro-
testing all right, but the people to pro-
test to are the big spenders in Washing-
They are a part of increasing efficiency
Continued on page 17


Timmy Gilbert and Faye Sache. The
group was honored at the annual 4-H
Achievement Banquet held in the Bron-
son High School earlier this season.
(Photo courtesy. St. Petersburg Times).

son of Mr. and Mrs. Wiley Blair, Route
4, Greenville. He is seen here (center)
receiving the "Efficiency" trophy at the
North Fla. Fair in Tallahassee. At right
is Russell Henderson. Extension Agrono-
mist and Grant Godwin, left, Associate
State 4-H Club leader at the University
of Florida. (Photo courtesy Madison
County Carrier.)

How were the good gray conservative
parents of today dressed in the 20's? Ir
yellow slickers plastered with such catchy
pharses as "Cat's Pajamas" and "Oh, You
Kid!" Later. they wrapped themselves
in raccoon coats and furiously battled it
out in contests all over the country to de-
termine who was the champion yo-yo
spinner of all time. Teen madness swept
the 20's in the form of marathon dances.
One energetic couple danced 25 straight
days and the whole teen country did the
jitterbug. Goldfish swallowing was a re-
spectable teen pastime and one 19-year
old swallowed 67 of them in 1939-a
record never to be equaled. To sit on a
flagpole for as many hours as you could
was the height of fashion in the 30's. In
the 40's boys wore ankle-length key
chains on draped zoot suits and girls
sported "sloppy joe" sweaters. Hula
hoops, fad not to be believed, came in the
50's and thousands of teens undulated
their middles to keep the slip hoops in
perpetual motion. Popular catch phrase
of the time was "See you Later, Alli-
gator." (Cartoon and research courtesy,
Jerry Multer of the Stri-Dox Company).

These four are 1966 Achievement
Award Winners in Levy County. They
are ( 1 to r) Curtis Clyatt, Jean Wise,

Winner of the 1967 Maid of Cotton
title is lovely Georgia Pearce (center)
of Gastonia. North Carolina. Runners-
up were Connie Fletcher (left), Phoenix,
Ariz., who was named second alternate,
and Kim Caylor, Hobbs, N. M., first al-
ternate. The new Maid is a 21-year-old
senior majoring in chemistry at the Uni-
versity of North Carolina in Chapel Hill.
Twenty finalists competed for the nation-
al title in the 29th annual selection in
Memphis last month. Georgia has begun
a six months' international tour on behalf
of the American cotton industry. For
information about next year's cotton
queen contest, write National Cotton
Council, Box 12285, Memphis, Tenn.

Madison County's Gwynn Blair is the
1966-67 State Corn Efficiency champion.
He also harvested a record yield of 116.5
bushels of corn per acre last year to win
Madison's Corn Production Contest, spon-
sored by the Farm Bureau. Gwynn is the

This exciting new hat creation is ex-
clusive to Florida Agriculture readers.
High School girls can make it themselves
for wear on the beach this summer. You
can use any fabric you like cotton,
terry cloth and in your favorite
colors. For a free pattern write Martha
Zehner, assistant to editor, Florida Agri-
culture, 4350 SW 13th St., Gainesville
and ask for Prims Masquerade Hat Pat-
tern. Print your name and address clear-
ly. please.

Since her marriage the former Anne
Evans, now Mrs. Luther Farmer, is still
working at the Walton County Farm Bu-
reau office, located on the Bob Sikes
Road, out of DeFuniak Springs. Mr.
Farmer is a student at Okaloosa-Walton
Junior College and the couple is residing
at Rt. 1, Box 232, DeFuniak Springs.

Florida Agriculture, February, 1967


The finest in Travel

Like so many other things these days, travel has become a complicated
business. Trying to wade through the detailed maze of reservations, customs
requirements, passports and visas is an almost impossible task. With all this
facing them it's no wonder people throw up their hands and say "Never
But travel and vacations don't have to be difficult. Many Farm Bureau
members have already discovered that a trip to the Orient or around the
world is a simple and enjoyable experience. They go on a FARMER-TO-
FARMER escorted tour.
Miss Lynn Owns, Clearwater, was This unique travel program is designed especially for farmers, with
named "Florida Poultry Queen" last special attention to the first-time traveler. No detail is overlooked by the
month during that industry's annual con- experienced FARMER-TO-FARMER staff. Each tour participant receives
vention. Miss Owens, who is a student by mail, complete information on how to obtain a passport (it's really pretty
at St. Petersburg Junior College will rep- simple once it's explained), what clothes to take along, suggestions on things
reset FloSt. Petersburg nior llee llr in- to bur and even a word or two on how to pack the luggage. And as for
resent Florida's $150 million poultry in- visas, customs, transfers and all the rest, forget it. That's all taken care
dustry during 1967, according to John of by an expert Tour Director who accompanies each tour from start to
Cripe, manager of the Florida Egg Com- finish. He does the tipping, takes care of the baggage, pays the bills and
mission and also president of the Hills- makes sure no one ever feels lost or confused.
borough County Farm Bureau.
FARMER-TO-FARMER travel is not only easy, it's fun and educa-
tional too. For every tour includes visits and get-togethers with local farmers
along the way. Only on a FARMER-TO-FARMER tour is this opportunity
--. available. Participants are able to meet the people, gain a greater under-
standing of their way of life, and learn how others farm around the world.
Plan to join a quality FARMER-TO-FARMER tour soon. Reserva-
tions or further information may be obtained by returning the coupon.
There's still time to join the South Pacific Air Tour, to Australia, New
Zealand, South Sea Islands of Fiji, American Samoa, Tahiti and Bora
Bora if you hurry. The Tour leaves on March 19, but reservations must be
there is no obligation, of course.
'There are other tours on the agenda, extending into the Fall. For a
S list of them and free colorful brochures, just ask for them.

Mr. Ken Goy, manager
Farm Bureau Travel Tours
4350 SW 13th St.,
Gainesville, Florida
Please send me information and free brochures about:
EO South Pacific Tour
Here is the 1967 grand champion steer
of the 17th annual Dade County Youth 0 Orient Tour
Fair, held last month in Miami. Pictured Q Alaska Tour
with the champ is his owner 16 year old
Stan Anderson, 4-H club member and
who resides at 11200 NW 58th St., Hia-
leah. The black Angus tipped the scales Name Phone
at 930 pounds. High Bidder for the cham-
pion was Publix Markets, with headquar- Address
ters in Lakeland. (Photo by John Fix,
City State Zip
Florida Agriculture, February, 1967 15



Rate: 100 per word; min $2. Display $10 col Inch.
P. O. Box 7605, Orlando, Florida 32804.


THOUSANDS OF out of print books in stock.
Murray's, 115 State St., Springfield, Mass. 01103.

Book manuscripts wanted. All subjects
considered. Fiction, non-fiction, Religious
studies, Poetry, Juveniles and others.
Submit your manuscript to
American Press Publications, Inc.
Dept. C
282 Seventh Ave., New York 1, N.Y.


POEMS WANTED for musical settings and recording.
Send Poems. Free examination. Crown Music Com.
pony, 49 FM West 32 Street, New York 1.
YOUR FAVORITE VERSES-Quotations-Samplers hand
embroidered to order. Ready to frame. Reasonable.
Marry Webb, Box 977, Richmond, Virginia 23207

... for money! Magazines spend
over a million dollars yearly for
"gag" cartoons! Home study
course trains you to cartoon your
ideas professionally, how and
where to sell. Write for FREE
sample lesson and details. State
Brookfield, III. Dept. FM

CALF CREEP FEEDERS. 26 bushel, feeds 30 calves
$488.50. Free literature. Dolly Enterprises, 202 Main,
Colchester, IlI.

S 401Uuu daetormities. Arch McAskill, Box 241, Ellerbe, N.C.
MAKE MONEY raising Guinea Pigs, Rabbits, Mink or
i EQU IPMET COMPANY Chinchillas for us. Write for free information. Kenney
Brothers, New Freedon, Pennsylvania
Supplier of a Complete Line
of Quality nation Equipment JEFFERSON CO. HOLSTRIN BREIDERS' ASSN.
of Quality rrgaton Equipment Regitered and Grade Holtin
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Ificial breadinl. Helfent at all eSa, god yoaui cOW Come
amd make yaur oen welectlans, or wilt buy on order at
FARROWING CRATES. Complete $22.95. Free litera- yur direction. Finanng available. Free fel m .
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WI.. Phone Jordan 3-2329.
POST HOLE DIGGER 12V-DC, Augers 2"-7" one-man Re. Pshne LYmood 3-2351 It Sullivan, WIs
operated, 5,000 in use, Fully warranted. Price range
$148 to $158 complete. Bidler Energies, McKeesport, FOR SALE. Hay and Straw in car lots. Ted Lang,
Pa. Westfield, III. Phone Paris 4-1515.

ASPHALT 7 fuel storage tanks. 4 to 10,000 gal. Pipe
from /4" to 36". Ph. 626-5480 or 243-2701. Perkins
Pipe Q Steel, 4301 E Broadway, Tampa.

SKIMMED MILK CHEESE. Only 6 percent butterfat.
96 other varieties of cheese from 16 countries. Write
for free price list. Ference Cheese Shoppe, 91 Broad-
way, Asheville, N.C. 28801
PURE MAPLE SYRUP. Superior Quality. Excellent
present for the family, the boss, for grandpa or a
misplaced New Englander. Ideal for birthdays too.
Gal. 6.75 plus 2.47 postage; 1/2 gal 3.65 plus 1.68
postage; qt. 2.25 plus 1.23 pp. Brochure available
with rates to other areas. Hillwood Farm, Berkshire
Trail, Williamsburg, Mass. 01096
FLORIDA VALENCIA oranges and Grapefruit shipped
throughout the U.S. Bushel $10.95, half-bushel $6.95.
Chris W. Ford & Friends, Drawer D, Sebring, Florida

CHARTLEY FARM. 450-acre dairy farm-Holstein-Fries-
ian cattle, ponies, pets. Riding instruction. Indoor
play facilities for children, pony cart, pond, woods,
hayrides, picnics, wash ponies & cows for shows,

SONGWRITERS WANTED! Send song material for
recording consideration. Tin Pan Alley, 1650 Broad-
way, New York 10019.
POEMS & SONGS WANTED. All types. Royalty offer.
Free examination. Mail to Tin Pan Alley, Inc. 1650
Broadway, New York, N.Y. 10019.

POEMS WANTED for new songs. Send poems, Five
Star Music, 6-B Beacon, Boston 8, Mass.

600 ASSORTED SWEET ONION plants with free plant-
ing guide $3 postpaid. TOPCO, "home of the sweet
onion". Farmersville, Texas 75031.

WILL SELL HOME at superb Florida lake. Write me.
L. Linkroum, 710 Florida Ave., Leesburg, Florida

156 ACRES. Good farm or ranch land. Borders large
lake. Good fishing, hunting. Fenced for cattle. $110
per acre. Terms. Amos Worthington, Caryville, Fla.
Ph. 535-2009.

learn about farming. Abundant wildlife, rolling
countryside. Near Gettysburg, Baltimore Colt training
camp, horse shows, golf, fairs, theatres. Home-
grown vegetables, meat, homemade ice cream. Have
boy 7 and girl 41/2. Join in as much or little farm
activity as you wish. Bob & "Hank" Shirley, Rt. 7,
Westminster, Md. 21157. 301-848-3192. Write for free


Postpaid. Free information, pictures. SHAWNEE,
3934 C Buena Vista, Dallas 4, Tex.


KILLS MOSQUITOES, Garden, Farm destroying insects
electronically. No chemicals. Absolutely automatic,
large area, no chemicals. Free information. Box
M 7, Metamora, Mich. 48455.


John D. Doe

Route 3, Box 100
SUPERIOR RANCH Blank City, Florida 32686
Black Angus Cattle 1-305-423-4163

Business cards Ike above sample Fine quality.
Raised letters look like expensive engraving. 1000
only $5.95 postpaid. Ad 367, care Farmer's Mart, Box
7605, Orlando, Fla.
NEW IDEAS and inventions designed and developed
under supervision of Registered Engineer. Patent In-
formation. Geneva Mfg. Corp. Geneva, Florida 32732.
CHRISTIAN TRACTS mailed anywhere. Christian Tract
Center, 3905 Victoria, Hampton, Virginia or Rt. 2,
Box 142F, Winter Garden, Fla.
FINE U.S. STAMPS-world's lowest price list-Mint and
Used-Priced per one. Get yours now. Free. Wm.
Rice, 19729Q, Christmas Rd, Miami, Fla. 33157.

WANTED FREAK ANIMALS. Will pay twice market
price or more for animals or poultry with major

400 ACRES good row crop & pasture land all fenced.
Cross fenced. 139 acres crop land. 200 acres soded
pasture in Bahia, Crimson clover, white dutch clover.
Balance in timber land. 2 spring branch Permanent
water in all pasture land. On Paved highway. Good
fishing & hunting. W. H. Sapp, Rt. 3, Bonifay, Fla.

to trade for acreage in Central Florida. Box 512,
Lake Wales, Fla. 33853.


LEARN AUCTIONEERING. Term Soon. Free Catalog.
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Pennwood Numechron Co., 7249 Frankstown Ave.,
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EXOTIC PLANT of East Indies helps one look younger.
Sample sent free. White Correcta. Ad 267, Farmer's
Mart, P. O. Box 7605, Orlando, Fla.

HOOKED RUG PATTERNS. Send for illustrated catalog
showing 163 photographs of finished rugs. Price $1
postpaid. Heirloom Rugs, 54 Irving Ave., Providence,

$45.00 THOUSAND MY WAY, Compiling lists, Ad-
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Box 1626-FM. Clearwater, Florida 33515.

FLOWER MATERIALS. Feathers, jewelry, crafts. Dis-
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$200.00 MONTHLY Possible, Sewing Babywear at
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"BEAUTY GLO" facial "Wonder Washcloth". Delight-
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heads, blemishes and flakiness. Ideal to properly
remove cleansing cream and for bathing. Send $1 to
Dept. 6, Beauty Glo, 5422 Pelleur St., Lynwood, Calif.
90262 stating color choice: Pink, yellow, blue, green,
violet, apricot. Unconditionally guaranteed.


were sold last year by members of societies, clubs,
groups, etc. They enable you to earn money for
your treasury and make friends for your organization.
Sample FREE to Official
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Established 1915
FOR FREE SAMPLES of the world's purest most
effective cosmetics, write Dept. 6, Beauty Sorority,
Box 1725, La Jolla, Calif. 92037. Specify if skin is dry
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I PAY $250 each for 1924 10 green Franklin stamps,
rotary perferated eleven ($2,500 unused) Send 20<
for illustrated folders showing amazing prices paid
for old stamps, coins, collections. Vincent, 85FM,
Bronx, New York 10458.

Florida Agriculture, February, 1967

WANTED OLD JEWELRY. Sterling flatware, small
closed case watches. Send listt and prices wanted or
ship for cash offer. Rogers Antiques, Mansfield. Ohio
CASH PAID for military antiques, war souvenirs.
All nations, Golden Eagle Antiques, 755 Campbell
Avenue, West Haven, Connecticut 06516.

Nursery & Landscaping business. Finest location in
Melbourne, Florida. Priced less than wholesale in-
ventory. Illness forces opportunity.
420 N.U.S. 1. Melbourne


Continued from page 13
through an organized but voluntary way
-in short, through the American way.
In the success of these programs. Farm
Bureau women have as much at stake as
do the men.
As we, in grave concern, turn the spot-
light of truth on America today we have
reason to hope-
-hope in the concerns expressed on
every side about the slippage of moral
-hope in the voice of conservative
Americans raised in the recent election.
-hope in the fact that most scientists,
only recently regarded as enemies of the
Church, are now among our most devout
believers, recognizing that as they con-
quer space they rely on immutable laws,
not on laws passed by an 89th Congress,
but on the Supreme Authority who
brought us all into being.
-hope that the manifestations of
churchly ferment, the gropings of millions
of Americans for new religious strength,
may bring a revitalization of religious
-hope that from the groping, the
struggle, the efforts of concerned Ameri-
cans may emerge new affirmations of
basic values.
In translating this hope into reality, we
have a major responsibility. We know
it can't be done in one "fell swoop,"
through some gigantic project, or by pass-
ing a law. The things I have been talking
about are a part of it-taking an active
part in the Government of our Country,
bringing more knowledgeable understand-
ing among the segments of our society,
meeting economic needs through our own
efforts. And it can only be done through
tried and tested principles that we in this
room understand so well. Perhaps fore-
most are these three-
(1) Nations are renewed from the bot-
tom, not from the top. The strength that
springs from the ranks of common people
is the strength that can bring about the
renaissance that will save America. We
are the dynamic force that can lift the

I -' --. ....
This picture was made during last month's American Farm Bureau regional staff meeting
in Charlotte. Florida Farm Bureau's Executive Vice President, T. K. McClane, Jr.,
(standing) is seen discussing 1967 problems with Jack Lynn, Washington, D.C., AFBF's
legislative director and Charles Shuman, Chicago, AFBF's national president.

level of our Society-working in our
homes, our schools, our churches, work-
ing to solve local problems through this
virile, voluntary, independent institution
we call Farm Bureau.
(2) Each of us will be a part of this
dynamic force that springs from the ranks
of common people by seeing and seizing
opportunities right where we are. Let's
throw away our field glasses and look
around us-remembering that opportuni-
ties don't come as a tap on the head if
we are dozing, as in the Puritan meeting
house of old. They come only as a whis-
pered hint, as a result of knowing and
preparing and developing a sensitivity to
the presence of opportunity.
Those thirty women in Indianapolis
who started the Anti-Crime Crusade four
years ago had this sensitivity-and they
seized their opportunity. Soon, 50,000
women were helping. Through their Stay-
in-School program--one woman helping
one drop-out-more than 2,000 students
have been returned to continue their edu-
cation. They have developed support for
local police, have worked with city of-
ficials to improve street lighting, have
taught junior high school students about
laws, and what will happen if they are
broken, through policemen speaking in the
classrooms. And the result of this! Last
year, when crime in this Nation increased
13 percent, crime in Indianapolis went
down 2 percent. Moreover, their pro-
gram is being copied in some 400 cities.
(3) Every one of us can be a leader
in building the strength that springs from
the ranks of common people. Experts
say that people are not "born leaders"-
they develop into leaders by learning and
doing. And let us not forget that the
lowly Galilean chose His leaders from
fishermen in whom neither they, nor their

fellowmen, had seen potentialities.
I believe we can translate our hope
into reality-that we can climb the long
rocky road back to an America that can
continue to lead mankind onward and
upward. And I believe we have already
May I leave you with this story:
There were many suitors for the hand
of the beautiful daughter of an ancient
King. The King called into his chamber
the favored four, and said "I send each
of you on a mission. Upon your return,
I shall choose among you." He gave them
their directions. The first came to the
stone that had been placed squarely in
the path. With difficulty he managed
to get around it and go on. The second
came to the stone, thought "This path is
impossible" and returned to the King
for an alternate route. When the third
came upon the stone, he thought "This
is a menace. I ought to move it. But I
would soil my robe and perhaps sprain
my back," and he too, managed to get
around it and go on. The fourth came
upon the stone, put his strength against
it, and rolled it from the path. A paper
lay where the stone had been. It said
"My daughter and my kingdom-to him
who moves the stone."

Money Maker
for Women Readers

Have you found a faster, easier,
better way to handle household
chores and problems? If you have,
we'd like to hear about it-and pass
it along to other FA readers. Mini-
mum payment for short pieces is $5
upon publication. Write editor, 4350
SW 13th St., Gainesville, Fla.

Florida Agriculture, February, 1967

The President's Message

By Arthur E. (Art) Karst, Vero Beach
President, Florida Farm Bureau Federation

As another service to members I have asked John
Scussel to write a column on tax ideas from time to
time. He is tax consultant on the Florida Farm Bureau
Insurance Company's staff, at the Gainesville state of-
fice building. .I feel sure that all farmers, throughout
the state, will appreciate this valued information.
This month Mr. Scussel writes on the subject of
"Paying Taxes on a Paper Profit," and his article

Most farmers dislike paying income tax on accounting pro-
fits which have not been used for family expenses and don't
appear in the monthly bank balance. This form of profit is
referred to as a "paper profit". What a paper profit is, how
it can be reduced, postponed or eliminated should be consider-
ed by the farmer in his annual pre-tax planning.

I. What is a paper profit?
A paper profit is generally referred to as the difference
between the profit shown on the farm's operating statement
and the cash actually spent for family living expenses or in
the bank. It is generally the result of reductions in non-de-
ductible debt items such as principal payments on loans and
the purchase of capital assets which have a longer useful life
than the year in which they were purchased and paid for.
1. Accountants tell us that paper profit is reflected on the
balance sheet in the form of greater equity in the business.
2. Internal Revenue Service tells us that it is taxable as
3. Pre-planning tells us how we can anticipate, reduce or
delay this paper profit.
A large amount of the paper profit can be controlled. This
is accomplished by having the annual principal payments on
capital loans set near the annual depreciable allowance for
those items. Pre-planning at the time of originating the loan
will be helpful here. Selecting a depreciation form such as
the double declining balance, straight-line or a sum of the digits
will also result in paper profit control by preventing deprecia-
tion being used in the early business years when normal oper-
ating profit is generally lowest.

These methods of control will not eliminate all tax conse-
quences especially in years of heavy farm income. The tax
on this paper profit will be exceptionally high unless the tax
rate can be reduced. The tax rate paid on a paper profit
may be reduced by splitting the income between several tax-
payers since present income tax is based on a graduated and
progressively increasing rate of taxation. Thus tax savings
can be achieved by transferring income from high income
brackets to a low income bracket. The following table is
based on the 1964 tax rates.

* Generally, gross

Tax Reported
By Single
$ 910

Tax Saving
Income Divided
In 2
$ 100

Tax Saving
Income Divided
In 3
$ 151

income, less all exemptions and deductions.

Splitting income in order to achieve the above tax savings
can be accomplished either through splitting it with other
members of the family (filing separate returns) or by using
family controlled corporations.

Before income tax splitting is attempted, the taxpayer
must be absolutely sure that he has defined and set forth his
personal goals in regard to the ownership of the assets. Some
farmers have requested their tax advisors simply to obtain
the lowest possible tax rate and this was done. The farmer
was very happy until years later he finds that this income
splitting which resulted in a lower immediate tax rate has
transferred a considerable amount of his assets or their con-
trol to persons or individuals he does not consider as legal own-
ers. Then the problem of straightening out the families' "equit-
able" and "legal" ownership becomes a greater problem than
the original tax. If the consequences of the tax planning had
been fully understood, the income splitting would not have
been completed. It is most important that the individual's
personal goals for the distribution and use of his property
be first ascertained and then tax planning applied to these

After personal aims are considered and income splitting
is desired, the use of a family partnership or family corporation
will probably be the devise chosen to obtain the lower tax rate.
In splitting through a family partnership, it is necessary
that a contribution of either personal services or canital to the
partnership be supplied by the person receiving the interest.
This means exactly what it says. Splitting income with a
minor child based on services he can offer to the partnership
would be unacceptable as the child would not be considered
capable of rendering valuable services to the business. How-
ever if the parents were to gift to the child an equity in the
business, then the earning of this equity and compared to the
other equities would be allowable and the income splitting
would have been achieved as to that portion. Giving a child
a divisable interest in the farm should not be done without
careful preplanning; the parable of the prodigal son applies.
Another income splitting devise is the use of a family cor-
poration on which stock transfer limitations are placed. The
gifted stock equity is received subject to specific limitations
on its later transfer and use. These limitations provide a
degree of protection not available to the partnership.

1. Paper profit can be controlled by preplanning debt re-
payment and selection of depreciation method.
2. Tax reduction should not be attempted without prior
personal planning as to specific long range goals.
3. Both the taxpayer's attorney and accountant should be
advised as to both the personal goals and the tax goals that
the Farm Bureau member hopes to achieve by pre-planning.
The tax consequences of paper profit need not be a burden.

For Other Tax Information
pertaining to agriculture, readers dre invited to address
their questions to Mr. Scussel. Write him as follows:
Mr John Scussel, tax consultant, Estate Planning Dept.,
Farm Bureau Insurance Companies, 4350 SW 13th St.,
Gainesville, Florida.

Florida Agriculture, February, 1967

$ 5,000



You cannot strengthen the weak -
by weakening the strong.
You cannot help small men-
by tearing down big men.
You cannot help the poor-
by destroying the rich.
You cannot lift the wage earner-
by pulling down the wage payer.
You cannot keep out of trouble-
by spending more than your income.
You cannot further the brotherhood
of man-by inciting class hatred.
You cannot establish security-
on borrowed money.
You cannot help men permanently-
by doing for them what they could and
should do for themselves.
You cannot build character and
courage-by taking away a man's
initiative and independence.
-Abraham Lincoln
Born, February 12


Farm leaders are supporting a proposal
of eastern railroads to reduce rates on
feeds and feed ingredients moved from
the Midwest to eastern livestock and
poultry producing areas.
The American Farm Bureau Federa-
tion said in a statement lower transpor-
tation costs would help consumers of
meat, milk, poultry, eggs, and other live-
stock products as well as farmers in the
affected area. Somewhat similar down-
ward adjustments in rates on feeds mov-
ing into the South have been made by
railroads serving that area.-Christian
Science Monitor.

(Editor's note: The Southern Railway
System advocated lower freight rates for
farm products sometime ago. For the
past several years Southern has been buy-
ing full page ads in this publication to
explain its reasons.)


The Farm Bureau Federation is cate-
gorical in saying that "the time has come
to get rid of the whole sorry mess of gov-
ernment farm controls, direct subsidy
payments and price manipulations."-
John Chamberlain in the Chicago Ameri-

:lorida Agriculture, February, 1967 19


ENOUGH to give your family a good living

ENOUGH to guarantee them a nice home and

ENOUGH to provide an education for your
ENOUGH to keep your wife comfortable when
your children are grown?
ENOUGH to furnish an adequate income when
you retire?

Contact your local Farm Bureau Agent today. He
will help you analyze your life insurance program
to determine if you have ENOUGH for your family.


P. 0. Box 78 Jackson, Mississippi
For more information return coupon.


When a Farmer Increases his

Farm Credit Service has been at work

Sound use of credit. is a vital part of successful farm, ranch
Sor grove operations in today's competitive economy. Use credit
M"te intelligently and efficiently to increase your worth. Let Farm
Credit go to work for you... for any sound productive purpose.

all in the family *

PRODUCTION CREDIT ASSOCIATIONS provide short-term and intermediate-term credit (up to seven
years) at simple interest rates. For sound productive credit needs, see your local PCA man,

The COLUMBIA BANK FOR COOPERATIVES makes seasonal, term and commodity loans to market-
ing, purchasing and processing cooperatives owned by farmers. Call us in Columbia, S. C. today
for your credit needs.
FEDERAL LAND BANK ASSOCIATIONS are the source for long-term capital for farmers, growers
and ranchers. For your constructive and productive long-term credit needs, see your local FLBA.

Production Credit Association Offices and Federal Land Bank Association Offices in FLORIDA

Belle Glade, PCA and FLBA
Bradenton, PCA
Clewiston, PCA
Dade City, PCA
Eustis, PCA
Fort Pierce, PCA
Gainesville, PCA and FLBA

Immokalee, PCA and FLBA
Jacksonville, PCA
Lakeland, PCA and FLBA
Lake Wales, PCA
Live Oak, PCA
Madison, PCA
Marianna, PCA and FLBA

Miami, PCA and FLBA
Monticello, PCA
Ocala, PCA
Orlando, PCA and FLBA
Palatka, PCA
Pensacola, PCA
Quincy, PCA

Sebring, PCA
Tampa, FLBA
Vero Beach, PCA and FLBA
Wauchula, PCA and FLBA
Winter Haven, PCA



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