Title: Florida agriculture
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075932/00001
 Material Information
Title: Florida agriculture
Physical Description: v. : illus. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Farm Bureau Federation
Publisher: Florida Farm Bureau Federation.
Place of Publication: Gainesville etc
Frequency: monthly (except june, july and aug.)[19]
bimonthly
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 9- 1950-
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075932
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01375465
lccn - sn 78001276
issn - 0015-3869
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Preceded by: Bulleltin

Full Text



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SSEE
it often!

SEE
it all!



Come to the Fair!
See Florida's greatest annual at-
tractioni New Showsl New Ex-
hibitsl and your old favorites,
too! National Speedways' IMCA
Auto Races-nationally televised
Exciting Thrill Show. New, color-
ful arrays of Florida's harvest
bounty from groves, ranches and
farms. impressive displays
from Florida's industrial, com-
mercial and educational assets...
the 20th Annual Florida Electrical
Exposition. impressive juried
arts and crafts show, part of
which will be exhibited in a
number of Florida galleries and
museums during 1966. all new
Women's World. Florida's In-
ternational Center with exhibits
from many lands. sensational
Shrine Spectacular Tuesday, Feb-
ruary 1. plus many other
special events


/-, p' P -fJel



1966 FLORIDA



mm1


AND GASPARILLA
PIRATE INVASION
TAMPA, FLORIDA
FEB. 1-12, 1966


Special Agricultural Events State and County Exhibits Dairy and Beef
shows and sales Swine exhibits Poultry and Rabbit shows Parades
of Beef and Dairy Champions Table Beef Contest 4-H Club activities
- FFA events Horticultural Exhibits American Hibiscus shows -
Horse Shows.

CHAMPIONSHIP RCA RODEO J -


Nation's top cowboys compete
for big cash prizes for bronc
busting, brahma bull riding,
calf roping and other exciting
events!
Thurs., Feb. 10-2:00pm
Fri., Feb. 11-2:00 pm
Fri., Feb. 11-8:00 pm
Sat., Feb. 12-8:00 pm


PIRATE
INVASION DAY
FEB. 7, 1966


HURRICANE Florida IMCA
Agricultural
HELL Queens Big Car
DRIVERS Pageant AUTO
Thril Show r... .'. T2: RACES
5 Big Performances Q n-8:oo pm
Fri., Feb. 4-2:00pm conat Crlrt Wed., Feb. 2-2:00 pm
Fri., Feb. 4-8:00 pm R mnin Queens fro Sat. Feb. 5-2:00 pm
Sat, Feb. 5-8:00 pm nd o,.thr oria. Sun., Feb. 6-2:00pm
Sun., Feb. 6-8:00 pm aip 1m e In but Wed., Feb. 9-2:00 pm
Mon., Feb. 7-8:00 pmr Q n Sat, Feb. 12-2:00 pm


A complete construction service

BUTLER AGRI-PRODUCTS

ON-FARM One-stop service for
grain handling, live-
COMMERCIAL GRAIN SYSTEMS stock feeding, storage
LAND FE.0 SYSTEMS and commercial sys-
io ssf Items. We sell and
erect all n eessary
components. Turn-
Key work. Financing.


MANUFACTURING & SALES CORP.


Financing & Leaing Available
P. O. Box 100A-1 Phone 485-2591

BROKER, FLORIDA


"Then there's another spray I use for
other pests."

CALENDAR OF FARM EVENTS
Jan. 17-22 Pasco County Fair, Dade
City.
Jan. 18-22-DeSoto County Fair.
Jan. 18-Quarter annual meeting, FFBF
board of directors, Gainesville.
Jan. 18-20-Sou. Weed Conference, Rob-
ert Meyer Hotel, Jacksonville.
Jan. 19-24 Dade County Youth Fair,
Miami.
Jan. 21-Reception in honor of Arthur E.
Karst, FFBF president. Woman's Club
Bldg. 8-10 p.m. Vero Beach.
Jan. 21-29-S. Fla. Fair & Exp., West
Palm Beach.
Jan. 22-23-Lee County Rodeo. Ft. Myers.
Jan. 22-23-Pioneer Rodeo, Okeechobee.
Jan. 23-26-American National Cattle-
men's Ass'n convention, Kansas City.
Jan. 24-29 Manatee County Fair, Pal-
metto.
Jan. 28-Feb. 5-SE Fat Stock Show,
Ocala.
Jan. 31-Feb. 1-Annual meeting (28th) of
National Cotton Council. Robert Myer
hotel, Jacksonville.
Jan. 31-Feb. 5-SW Fla. Fair, Ft. Myers.
Feb. 1-Fla. Jersey Sale, Tampa.
Feb. 1-12-Fla. State Fair, Tampa.
Feb. 3-Feeder Pig Sale, Gainesville.
Feb. 15-20 Dade County Fair, Home-
stead.



Florida Agriculture

Vol. 25, No. 1, Jan. 1966
Established 1943. Published monthly except
June, July and August. Owned by Florida
Farm Bureau Federation, 4350 SW 13th St.,
Gainesville, Florida 32601. Printed by Cody
Publications, 410 W. Verona St.. Kissimmee.
Florida. Notice of change of address should
be sent to 4350 SW 13th St.. Gainesville,
Florida, zip code 32601. Hugh Waters, editor.
Martha Zehner, editorial assistant. Phone
Gainesville area code 305, FRanklin 2-0401.
Subscription $2.50; outside U.S. $5.
Officers of the Florida Farm Bureau Fed-
eration are: Arthur E. (Art) Karst, Vero
Beach, President; Wayne Mixson, Camp-
bellton, Vice President; Walter J. Kautz.
Canal Point, Treasurer; Richard E. (Dick
Finlay, Jay, Secretary; and T. K. McClane,
Jr., Gainesville. Executive Vice President.
Advertising Representatives: Cody Pub-
lications, 410 W. Verona St.. Kissimmee,
Florida. Phone Area Code 305-847-2802.
Harry Hammond, Advertising Manager.


2 Florida Agriculture, January, 1966








MONTHLY REPORT TO FFBF


By T. K. McClane, executive vice president, FFBF


1966, AS has become true of the past
several years, shows considerable
promise, but perhaps more signifi-
cantly also will bring with it a lot of
headaches and hard work.
As I view the future on the na-
tional scene, our biggest problem
seems to me to be in the field of la-
bor which, of course, includes mini-
mum wages, right-to-work laws, pro-
curement of sufficient domestic and/
or foreign labor, workmen's compen-
sation, unemployment compensa-
tion, and the many other matters
directly or indirectly concerned with
farm labor.
On the state level I think all agri-
cultural leaders pretty well agree
that property taxes is the area of
greatest concern. We have got to
solve the problem of skyrocketing
property taxes if we are even going
to stay in the farming business. A
farmer can pay only those property
taxes, which when added to his other
costs of operation, still leave him a
net profit. If he can't pay these
taxes and realize a profit, he is out of
business and it is just that simple.
The so-called Duval County court


case which resulted in a Supreme
Court decision which, in effect, re-
quires a 100% valuation of all prop-
erty makes the property tax problem
more acute and requires solution at
the earliest possible date.
I think it is fortunate that the '65
Legislature authorized the establish-
ment of a Study Committee or Com-
mission to review the entire field of
taxes and make recommendations to
the 1967 Legislature. Many of the
people appointed to this Tax Study
Commission are extremely able and
well informed. Even so, it is impera-
tive that agriculture be heard dur-
ing all of the deliberations of this
Commission because I am sure the
1967 Legislature will lend an atten-
tive ear to the recommendations of
this Commission. The Ag Assess-
ment Act has been extremely help-
ful in most counties and the great
majority of tax assessors are assess-
ing agricultural land on the basis of
its value for agricultural use. This
law must be kept on the books at all
costs.
President Art Karst is asking each
county Farm Bureau president to


set up a county tax committee of the
most able people he can find who
will be willing to really work and
study this problem. He is also set-
ting up a Florida Farm Bureau tax
committee to assist the county tax
committees to speak for the Farm
Bureaus before the Tax Commission.
You, as an individual Farm Bureau
member, can also do a lot to keep
yourself informed and work with
your county Farm Bureau tax com-
mittee wherever you can help.
We won a great victory in the
Congress in '65 when we stymied the
minimum wage bill which would
have pulled agriculture in and, also
when we defeated the all-out efforts
of the labor unions and the Admin-
istration to outlaw state right-to-
work laws. The same forces who
voted to repeal 14b of the Taft-Hart-
ley Law which allows state right-to-
work laws are already hard at work
with plenty of money and resources
to bring this matter back before the
second session of Congress which be-
gins about the time you read this.
Farm Bureau, of course, will con-
Continued on page 4


Florida Agriculture, January, 1966








Rural Towns Produce Top New York Bankers


THE TOP men of New York's biggest
banks are country boys. That's what
a recent newspaper column said and it
listed the presidents and board chairmen
who came from rural towns. One of them
is R. E. McNeil, board chairman Manu-
facturer's Hanover Trust Company, 380
Park Ave., N. Y.
Mr. McNeil is a native of Live Oak
(Suwannee County) where his father was
in the naval store business, after moving
there from North Carolina. His mother,
Bama Register, of Jasper, was from an
old Florida family.
The New York banker went to Okee-
chobee to work in a bank after leaving
Live Oak; later working in West Palm
Beach before going to New York. He mar-
ried Florence Stevens of Americus, Ga.;
and the couple have one daughter who is
Mrs. Daniel U. Livermore, Jr., wife of a
Jacksonville attorney.
The other bank heads came from Haw-
ley, Minn.; Normal, Ill.; Hannibal, Mo.;
Bowling Green, Ky. and Murfreesboro,
Tenn.

Miniature Type Hog is
Bred for Experimental Use
A NEW TYPE of research animal is be-
ing developed. It is a miniature white
hog, the same species that has been raised
on many American farms-but only one-
third the usual size. Why a hog? Sci-
entists saw that hogs are physiologically
more like humans than any other non-
primates, and they are subject to many of
the same maladies. Hogs have, for ex-
ample, similar requirements for food and
they digest it in much the same way.
They also suffer from peptic ulcers. A
hog's heart and major blood vessels are
* much like ours-and the animal can get
atherosclerosis (a form of arteriosclerosis,
hardening of the arteries, caused by the
deposit of fat).
But there is a big drawback to using
commercial breeds of hogs for testing
drugs: The animals grow too large. And
big hogs not only require large doses of
costly experimental drugs, they also are
expensive to house and difficult to handle.


For farmers, miniature hogs offer a
way to increase income by raising re-
search animals on contract for investiga-
tors at thousands of research, testing, and
assaying laboratories throughout the
country.
The National Academy of Science re-
ports that research animals in general are
a $2.9 million market today; other in-
formed sources estimate that this market
will rise to $6 million by 1970.

Orange County, California
Loses 42,000 Acres of Citrus
SINCE 1950 Orange County, California
has lost 42,000 acres of citrus land.
Fifteen years ago the county had 62,000
acres of bearing citrus and as of June,
1965 it had only 20,000 acres.
That's what J. E. Pehrson, Farm Ad-
visor of the Agricultural Extension Serv-
ice in Anaheim, California said in a re-
cent letter to Florida's Henry F. Swan-
son, Orange County Agricultural agent.
Orange County, California is the site
of Disneyland. A similar project is to
be built in Orange and Osceola Counties
in Central Florida.
Mr. Pehrson writes that back in 1950
the population of his county was slightly
over 216,000; that it had a nominal 7 to
13 percent increase until 1956 when it
jumped to 33 percent in a single year.
"During that year the county was inun-
date with over 111,000 new residents," he
says. The value of property went from
about $3500 per acre to somewhere be-
tween $15,000 and $20,000 an acre at the
present, he said.

Executive's Officer's
Monthly Report to FFBF
Continued from page 3
tinue to expend every effort to see
that this law is not repealed. For-
tunately it appears that public opin-
ion is in the majority opposed to
compulsory unionism. Also, fortun-


SINCE 1933 ----A CI
*Th Source i R IEil

DEPENDABLE CREDIT
SERVING GROWERS OF FLORIDA CITRUS

YOUR INQUIRY IS INVITED
at the office nearest you:
DADE CITY EUSTIS FT. PIERCE
ORLANDO SEBRING WINTER HAVEN
H= 2 /oCz (2^'u~s rc m U Usoc u


ately, a great many loyal and dedi-
cated union members also believe
that voluntary unionism is the prop-
er philosophy and that no man
should be compelled to belong to a
union in order to hold his job. We
can win this battle again but it will
surely be a battle.
The matter of sufficient labor to
harvest our crops will without ques-
tion be a continually plaguing prob-
lem as we go through the new year
month by month and week by week.
I don't believe that we have
changed the minds of the present
Administration so consequently we
have to fight each battle as it comes
up.
We have asked each county Farm
Bureau where farm labor has been a
problem to set up a special commit-
tee to work in this area and Presi-
dent Karst is going to appoint a
Florida Farm Bureau Labor Com-
mittee to coordinate and spearhead
efforts in this field. The American
Farm Bureau of course, has the same
position as we do in this area and is
active daily on the Washington
scene to be helpful.
The new year indeed looks bright
in many respects but continual vigi-
lance must be our watchword if we
are to avoid another social-minded
session of Congress as we had in
1965.

Product Made from Corn
Has Wide Variety of Uses
THE STARCH from a single bushel of
corn can be used to make enough poly-
ether for an inch-thick layer of light-
weight foam that, when dry, will insu-
late the exterior walls of a 50-by-25-foot
home.
Developed originally in 1963 by ARS
utilization scientists, starch-based poly-
ether is an industrial raw material that
utilizes a major farm commodity. Com-
mercial urethan foams-which made thin-
wall refrigerators possible-are now find-
ing broad outlets for insulating dwellings,
buildings, freezers, and refrigerated
trucks and tank cars. Rigid urethan foam
is also used for buoyancy in boats, buoys
and life preservers. Commercial produc-
tion is expected to reach 100 million
pounds annually by 1968.

4 Florida Agriculture, January, 1966






I FARM CREDIT is


It is realistic credit planning for the borrower .
backed up by a sound, stable, and strong capital supply.
It is sound counsel and advice from agricultural credit
specialists who know and understand local condi-
tions. It is sound credit for sound agricultural programs.


.. all in the family

PRODUCTION CREDIT ASSOCIATIONS provide short and intermediate-term credit (up to seven years) at simple interest
rates. As a suggestion, you may want to arrange a line of credit for your entire year's operation. Profit by seeing your
PCA man first.
The COLUMBIA BANK FOR COOPERATIVES makes loans to meet the diversified needs of marketing, purchasing, and
farm business service cooperatives helping improve farm income in the Southeast. Contact the Columbia Bank for Coop-
eratives, P. 0. Box 1493, Columbia, South Carolina 29202.


4o

14


FEDERAL LAND BANK ASSOCIATIONS provide long-term credit for all types of farms. For example, construction of farm
homes and buildings and farm improvements are financed by FLBAs. Inquire about a tailor-made Land Bank loan for
your farm, grove or ranch. You'll be glad you did!


Production Credit Association Offices and Federal Land Bank Association Offices in FLORIDA
Belle Glade, PCA and FLBA Immokalee, PCA and FLBA Marianna, PCA and FLBA Quincy, PCA
Bradenton, PCA and FLBA Jacksonville, PCA Miami, PCA and FLBA Sebring, PCA
Clewiston, PCA Lakeland, PCA and FLBA Monticello, PCA Tampa, FLBA
Dade City, PCA Lake Wales, PCA Orlando, PCA and FLBA Vero Beach, PCA and FLBA
Eustis, PCA Live Oak, PCA Palatka, PCA Wauchula, PCA
Fort Pierce, PCA Madison, PCA Pensacolo, PCA Winter Haven, PCA
Gainesville, PCA and FLBA


fla o

























ELECTRIC IRRIOATION-


a production tool

Make every acre a bigger
profitmaker by creating
your own "rain" where you
want it--when you want it.
End drouth worries. Obtain
higher yields and improved
quality.
For helpful information,
see your County Agent
or contact us.






FLORIDA POWER & LIGHT COMPANY
Helping Build Florida


A report on the

AFBF
Convention

appears on pages
10 and 11
and also on the
women's page


-^O


A broomstick furnished the idea for a
blackberry picking machine developed by
University of Arkansas agricultural scien-
tists.
This household item was the first re-
search tool in the project which has pro-
duced a mechanical harvester soon to be
manufactured by a Michigan firm.
Engineers say that the harvester can
pick an acre of blackberries in an hour.
The hand-picking method requires about
100 persons to cover the same territory.


In Selby, England a farmer was fined
$56 for cramming 126 children into his
truck for a pea-picking expedition re-
cently.

No wails about poverty and depriva-
tion rise from the quarter million Negro
farmers who help harvest America's boun-
tiful harvest. It is not improbable that
they (The Negro farmers) produce more
food, milk, eggs, tobacco, cotton and heal-
thy cattle than the whole of Africa. Cer-
tainly they are healthier, live better and
are more independent than any non-
whites elsewhere on the globe. These are
comments made in a recent newspaper
article by George S. Schuyler, noted Ne-
gro author and Journalist who wrote un-
der a New York date line.


Farm vacations are getting more popu-
lar every year. Thousands of farm fam-
ilies are catering to city folks who want
to get away from the noise and pressures
of urban life. For their country hosts--
an extra source of income is possible. A
column listing farms throughout Florida
which cater to vacationists will be printed
by this magazine. There will be no charge
for the listing. Anyone interested is ask-
ed to write the editor for details. The ad-
dress is 4350 SW 13th St., Gainesville,
Florida.

Hog production in Denmark is about
twice the rate per farm of U. S. output.
A recent report said that 85 out of each
100 Danish farms raise "a pig or two, or
more".


Only Florida and Nevada had a larger
farm work force in 1965 than the year be-
fore. Four other states recorded about
the same number and all the others had
fewer according to the USDA. The re-
port also said that Florida's average work
force totaled 123,000 persons during the
period compared to 118,000 a year earlier.
In both cases larger hired work forces
were responsible for the increases as the

6


Florida Agriculture, January, 1966


Phone: 533-4111 Night, 533-7642
BOX 154-A. BARTOW, FLA.
E ER Florida Citrus Nurserymen's Assn.
SM Florida Nurserymen & Growers Assn.
OF American Association of Nurserymen


number of family workers was down,
same as in all other sections. As a whole
the nation produced the biggest crop in
its history but the smallest farm work
force on record handled it.


More produce is flying to market. A
report from California last month said
that a total of 1,136 carlots moved via
air from that state to market during 1965.
That's up 60 percent from a year earlier.

By 1980 Americans will need 40% more
beef; 25% more pork; 45% more poultry;
13% more lamb; 75% more soybeans;
55% more corn; 25% more wheat; 10%
more cotton; 19% more rice; 25% more
potatoes; 17% more dry beans to supply
the demand of a U. S. population that
will be up 27% and farm exports that
may be up as much as 35%. (From an
article in The Furrow).

Acorns from a water oak (Quercus lo-
bata) caused the death of a Hereford cow
in a western state last month, according
to the American Veterinary Medical
Ass'n. The report said that acorn pois-
oning is rare but that the diagnosis was
confirmed. (A copy of the full report
may be obtained by writing the editor).


Miami's Metro Commissioner Joe Boyd
will defend his Dade County milking
championship at the County Youth Fair
scheduled for January 18-23 at the Fair-
grounds.

New air pollution control equipment is
being manufactured. The company says
Sit will remove dust, fumes, mist and other
suspended particles from industrial waste
gases through the use of electronic pre-
cipitators. More information and case
history reports may be obtained from Air
Pollution Control, Inc., Technical Serv-
ices, Sommerville, N. J.

The Kilgore Seed Company opened its
new plant facilities near Plant City last
month. The company was founded in
1910 in downtown Plant City. It now
operates 18 retail outlets throughout the
state and employs about 150 persons.

A recent radio broadcast from Cuba an-
nounced that women there are expected
to do more farm work this year. They
were told that poultry raising, now 50
percent in the hands of women, will be
turned over to them completely during
1966.






Bread supplies 300 million persons with
50% of their calories and proteins. The
big bread eaters live mostly in the Near
East and North Africa.

Four terraces built for rice cultivation
on the banks of the Ravi River in Kash-
mir date back to the Ice Age, according
to the Archaeological Survey of India.

Canada is buying cotton from Russia.
A large Canadian cotton mill reportedly
purchased $12.1 million worth of Russian
cotton amounting to 90,000 bales. This
represents about 20% of Canada's annual
cotton needs. Delivery will be completed
by relatively early 1966.

Japan remains the number one market
for American farmers.
A report just issued by the United
States-Japan Trade Council shows sales
of U.S. agricultural products to Japan
last year totalled $726 million in value,
double the value of five years earlier.
Big increases during the first half of
1965 trade include U.S. export to Japan
of grain sorghums and corn, cotton,
wheat, soybeans, and rice. In the first
half of the year Japan imported $30 mil-
lion in U.S. rice compared to imports of
$12.5 million all of last year. A drought
in the country as well as eased trade bar-
riers brought about the increase.

The World Bank annual report says
that while industrial development has
been expanding at a rate of 7% in 1963
and 1964 in the developing countries, the
rate of agricultural production has grown
at an average of only 2.5% a year over
the past decade. Discussing the disparity
in the industrial and agricultural growth
rates, the World Bank report says under-
developed countries as a whole are not
growing enough food to keep pace with
increasing population and rising con-
sumption standards.

Food from the sea continues to rise.
The world fish catch last year soared to
a record high of 51.6 million metric tons;
four million tons over the previous year.
Peru is the world's top fishing nation,
followed by Japan and China.

A new 64 page song book titled "Farm
Bureau Sings" was introduced at the re-
cent AFBF convention. It contains about
100 familiar songs-words and music-
which lend themselves to group singing
at Farm Bureau meetings. The price is
25 cents each plus postage. Order from
Information Division, AFBF, 1000 Mer-
chandise Mart Plaza, Chicago, Ill. 60654.

Men, women and children may partici-
pate in the up-coming National chicken
cooking contest. A top prize is an island
paradise vacation for two plus $300 in
cash and hotel accommodations plus 40
other prizes. See page 14 for details.

A speed quiz is printed on page 8. See
if you can pass it.
Florida Agriculture, January, 1966 7


M BANG! the quiet revolution hits
fertilizer practices coast to coast!









Potato growers


now demand

fertilizers


containing


Nitrate of Potash (potassium nitrate)


...for improved quality,


better yields and more profits!


Fertilizers containing nitrate of potash
are changing potato growing practices
...but fast!
For one reason, nitrate of potash con-
tains 44% potash, which has no chlo-
rine or sulphur to lower potato quality.
Research shows that potato fertilizers
containing substantial amounts of ni-
trate of potash significantly increase
dry matter and starch content of potato
tubers. Chip color is good. There is
also less after-cooking darkening of
either steamed or boiled potatoes. Crop
quality goes up!
For another reason, nitrate of potash
contains 13% nitrogen, all in the ni-
trate form. The normal development
of the potato plant is favored by the
use of fertilizers containing part of its
nitrogen in the nitrate form.


Finally, nitrate of potash offers these
other benefits.
* Essentially neutral effect on the soil.

* Completely used by plants-does not
add to the buildup of fertilizer residues
in the soil.
* Completely water soluble-immedi-
ately and readily available for use by
the crop.
* Low salt index-permits bigger rates
of application without as much danger
of "burn".

Ask your supplier for Southwest Potash
bulletins on the benefits of nitrate of
potash and for fertilizers containing
nitrate of potash.


Look for this seal at your supplier's or on his
containers when buying potato fertilizers!


SOUTHWEST POTASH CORPORATION


NITAT








HOW MUCH DO YOU

KNOW ABOUT SPEED?


By Ray V. Moseley, General Manager
Florida Farm Bureau Insurance Companies


DO YOU think that the Indianapolis
500 Mile Race has a better over-
all safety record than U.S. public
highways?
Would you say that it has had
fewer deaths on a 100 million vehicle
mile basis?
If your answer is yes to either of
the above questions you have a
severe shock coming.
I received permission to quote
from a recent article in the Journal
of American Insurance. It was en-
titled: "How Much Do You Know
About Speed?"
In answer to the above questions
here's what the article said:
The California Division of Highways
adeptly punctures the oft-repeated re-
mark that speed in itself is not hazard-
ous, by citing the safety record of the In-
dianapolis 500 Mile Race:
"There is little doubt that the machines
and drivers in the Indianapolis race are
among the very best in the world. The
highway (track) is also pretty good al-
though the curvature is somewhat sharp-
er than found on good public highways.
However, there are no intersections and
there is no opposing traffic.
"Since the Indianapolis race was inau-
gurated in 1911 there have been 19 per-
sons killed-10 drivers, 5 mechanics and


4 bystanders. During this time the total
miles driven by the cars in the race prior
to 1964 has amounted to 482,600. The fa-
tality rate is 3,930 per million vehicle
miles.
"This is not just a little bit worse than
the fatality rate on freeways; it is not
merely a lot worse; it is so much worse
that it staggers the imagination. In fact
it is more than 1,300-fold worse. In per-
centage, it is 133,424 per cent higher than
the fatality rate on California freeways,
which is approximately 3 deaths per 100
million vehicle miles. If the fatality rate
which exists on the Indianapolis Speed,
way were to prevail on public roads in
California, 3,028,000 would have died in
traffic accidents in California alone in
1962."
The article also said:
"Speed is an increasingly significant
factor in traffic safety. A few years ago,
the legal speed limit in most states was
50 mph. Now speed laws permitting 60
or 65 mph are common, with speeds of 70
mph or higher permitted on many free-
ways. Unfortunately, state legislatures
have no power to change the laws of phy-
sics, which impose severe limitations on
man's ability to control an auto with
safety at these higher speeds. Of the 39,-
000 fatal auto accidents that occurred
last year, about 14,500 involved speeding
or driving too fast for conditions.
"All of the odds turn sharply against
the driver as he accelerates his vehicle
past about 50 mph. Increasing the speed
from 55 to 65 mph, for example, doubles


his chances of being killed if he is involv-
ed in an accident. Raising the speed to
75 mph increases the fatality odds 600
per cent.
"The most critical factor in the rela-
tionship between speed and safety is the
effect of speed on auto stopping distances.
The old rule-of-thumb advice was one
car length behind the vehicle ahead for
each 10 miles per hour.
"But today such advice can be down-
right dangerous. Past 50 mph, small in-
creases in speed add enormously to the
distance required to bring an auto to a
stop. At 50 mph the average driver can
jam on the brakes for a panic stop and
bring his vehicle to a halt in about 16 car
lengths, or 267 feet. But the same driver
traveling 60 mph will require about 24
car lengths or 404 feet stopping distance
-an increase of 51 per cent. This star-
tling increase is explained by the law of
physics which says that the energy of a
moving object increases in a geometric
ratio as its speed increases. It's the same
principle that gives a high-velocity bullet
so much impact, and enables a fast-charg-
ing football lineman to bowl over a heav-
ier opponent. For that reason, it is
recommended that motorists remain at
least two car lengths behind a vehicle
ahead for each 10 mph of speed.
"At night the critical relationship be-
tween speed and stopping distances be-
comes even more important."
Above quotes are reprinted from the
Journal of American Insurance, Ameri-
can Mutual Insurance Alliance, 20 N.
Wacker Drive, Chicago, Ill. 60606.


SPEED QUIZZ


CAN YOU correctly answer these five
questions?
1. An auto traveling 50 mph requires about
267 feet to stop.: Accelerating to 60 mph will
lengthen the stopping distance by: (a) 20%,
(b) 33%, (c) 51%.
2. Auto headlights are designed to illumin-
ate objects on the road approximately 350 feet
ahead. Hence a driver traveling faster than
(a) 55 mph, (b) 60 mph, (c) 70 mph will not
be able to stop in time to avoid hitting a stalled
vehicle or other obstacle.
3. On the average, 25 persons are killed for
every 1,000 traffic accidents occurring at
speeds of 55 mph. At 65 mph, the number of
fatalities increases to: (a) 30, (b) 40, (c) 50.
4. On a rain-flooded highway, an auto's


front tires will lift off the pavement and skid
on top of the film of water at about: (a) 50
mph, (b) 65 mph. (c) 70 mph.
5. Excessive speed was a factor in about
18 per cent of all auto accidents in 1964. But
speed was a factor in the following percentage
of fatal accidents: (a) 28%, (b) 34%, (c)
37%. (Answers on page 17.)
Most of the nearly 2 million driver educa-
tion students who will receive training this year
in more than 12,000 high schools should score
well on the test. Their parents may find the
questions difficult. Yet the implications of
these five questions are of crucial importance
to drivers of all ages.
(This quiz appeared with the above article
in the same publication.)


I Florida Agriculture, January, 1966












FLORIDA HONORED

AT AFBF MEET


by Lewis Haveard, director
Dept. of Organization, FFBF
SIXTEEN FLORIDA Farm Bureau leaders and staff
represented the members in Florida at the Ameri-
can Farm Bureau Federation Convention in Chicago
December 12-16.
The accompanying picture shows the voting dele-
gates and key staff people who were in at-
tendance. They are, left to right seated:
Mr. Henry A. Prine, Director, FFBF: Mr.
Walter Kautz, Treasurer. FFBF: Mr. Art
Karst, President, FFBF; Mrs. George W.
Munroe, State Women's Chairman, FFBF;
and Mr. Wayne Mixson. \ice-Preident.
FFBF. Standing. left to right: Mr. T. K.
McClane, Jr.. Executive Vice-President, FFBF; Mr.
Julian Proctor. Fieldman District III, FFBF: Mr. Kent
Doke. Fieldman District II, FFBF: and Mr. Lewis
Haveard, Director of Organization, FFBF.
President Karst received the plaque with consider-
able recognition for Florida's continuous good member-
ship record. The Florida Farm Bureau still ranks in the
top states in the nation in over-all membership work.
The theme of this year's Convention was "Let Your
Light So Shine." The state Farm Bureaus did just this
in membership work with a reported all time high mem-
bership of 1,677,820 farm families. This represented a
gain of 30,365 over 1964. The goal for next year, which
will culminate at the Convention in Las Vegas, will be
1,693,348 farm families. These membership records and


~4. V11


4-. l,,


This photograph was taken last month in Chicago at the national convention of the American Farm Bureau Federation The FFBF officers and staff
members are identified in Mr. Haveard's column at the left. Also see the President's column on page 18; the Women's column on page 14 and the
Executive Vice President's column on page 3 for more on the AFBF convention. (This excellent picture made especially for Florida Agriculture by
Oscar & Associates, phographers, Chicago).


optimistic goals prove that Farm Bureau is on the move.
With two out of every three farm families that belong to
a general farm organization being members of Farm Bu-
reau also proves that Farm Bureau is truly the "Voice of

REPORT FROM FIELDMAN AREA 2
by Kent Doke, Rt. 1, Alachua
Each year the Florida Farm Bureau makes $300
available to the Florida Agricultural Extension Service
for use as a safety award. There are 10 districts in the
state with $30 being allocated to each district.
This year Miss Kathy Hendricks of Callahan was
the safety award winner for her district
With this money she purchased safety flag-
to be used as school crossings by the school
safety patrol. She presented these flags to
Callahan. Yulee. Hilliard and Fernandina
Beach schools. The picture (lower left I
shows Kathy presenting the flags to David
Higginbotham, patrol captain for Callahan. Dole
James Davis. Principal of Callahan High School is
seen approving the presentation.


Agriculture.'
We know that Florida will continue to be among
the top states in the nation in membership growth. We
are all looking forward to a real good year in 1966.

REPORT FROM FIELDMAN DISTRICT 4
by Jim Turnbull, Box 1232, Avon Park
In going around the district talking to the new
county presidents as well as re-elected ones, I some-
how, feel a new and renewed Farm Bureau spirit taking
shape for the new year. It gives one a real good feeling
to talk to some of our leadership and hear of their plans
tor 1966.
The other day I was talking to a very
ood friend our ours. Charles R. Collins,
S and with his permission I want to pass on
S to you some thoughts of his that he ex-
pressed to a newly elected county presi-
(lent. I hey follow:
TI'UNBULL "It is my understanding that you have
.been elected president of your county Farm Bureau.
You have worked with us in years past on membership


drives and have been on the board of directors for sev-
eral years, so you are well qualified to be President. It
is my hope that you will make Farm Bureau work as
it is supposed to do-serving the interests of agriculture
in your county.
"Farm Bureau can serve as a common ground for all
agricultural interests in the county to units on legisla-
tion, taxes, social security, etc.
"Farm Bureau can save you money on at cost insur-
ance coverage designed by agricultural people to fit the
needs of agriculture.
"Farm Bureau can act as a \watchdog on matters
affecting agriculture in your county, in Tallahassee, in
Washington, D. C.
"Farm Bureau can act as a cooperative to buy, in
quantity at greatly reduced prices. (Tires at present.)
"Farm Bureau can support the local youth organi-
zations such as 4-H and FFA by including them in an-
nual meetings and setting up awards to forward their
program.
"Faim Bureau can serve as an information media
to keep the members informed on anything that affects
their way of life.
"Farm Bureau affords an opportunity to tell agri-
(Continued on next page)

The photograph below was taken at the annual Pasco County
Farm Bureau Christmas party, held last month in the Agricultural
center Building, Dade City. More than 200 adults and children
attended. Santa Clause presented gifts to each child attending
and adults swapped presents. There was group singing, re-
freshments and entertainment. Mrs. Joseph Neuhofer was
chairman of the event. Others who helped make the event a
success included: Pasco President and Mrs. George Naeyaert;
Mrs. Maxine Clayton, wife of former president, C. A. Clayton,
Mrs. Helen Neuhofer, Mr. and Mrs. John Ruffing, Mr. and Mrs.
Delmar Williams, Mrs. Lino Bonacorsi, and Mrs. Daniel A. Cannon.


Florida Agriculture, January, 1966 Florida Agriculture, January, 1966


r \


it 3 AU I


..3
















































This photo was made at the recent AFBF national convention in Chicago. It shows Florida's FFBF President, Art Karst, (Lower left)
and other State Farm Bureau leaders holding plaques presented for outstanding membership work. (See Mr. Haveard's column on
page 10). Florida and 11 other states established new all time membership highs. FFBF was also honored for having had a
continuous membership gain since it was organized 24 years ago. No other state has a similar record.


JIM TURNBULL'S COLUMN- CONTINUED FROM PAGE 11


More and more farmers have
found that it pays to call the
agent for the Southern Farm
Bureau Casualty Insurance
Company regarding complete
insurance protection.


Over 300,000 Southern farmers are al-
ready using the facilities of their own com-
pany to satisfy their casualty insurance
needs. It is bound to be good if this many
farmers join together in a short period of
fourteen years.


culture's side of each issue that comes up.
"Farm Bureau affords an opportunity
to work with other civic bodies on pro-
jects that benefit our neighbors as well as
ourselves.
"In short, Farm Bureau can be very
important and contributes materially to
your welfare and that of the other folks
in your county that are engaged in agri-
culture.
"I said Farm Bureau could do all this
and it can but there is nothing magic
about the name that gets the job done.
The magic is in the members. Think of
the potential of an organization the size
of your county Farm Bureau working on
any one thing-would it not be accom-
plished? Think of the potential of an
organization with an organized group in
64 counties in Florida each one con-
taining the same type of influential peo-
ple that make up the membership in your
county Farm Bureau. There are over
2600 county Farm Bureaus in 49 states,


each of these are made up of members
whose welfare depends, just as yours does,
on agriculture.
"I am not saying that Farm Bureau
does the job. I am saying that Farm
Bureau as it is organized--can do the
job. And I think the job needs to be
done. I am not on the payroll any long-
er but I am active in Highlands County
Farm Bureau and will continue to be. I
believe that if persons like yourself will
represent agriculture thru organizations
like Farm Bureau that the job will be
done. There are of course many organ-
ized groups of people in this country who
parade in the streets in protest against
many of the things I value and I worked
with persons such as yourself long enough
to know that you value them too. We
must be active in organizations such as
Farm Bureau to counteract this element.
"If you bought a $10,000.00 tractor and
parked it under the shed it would look
good when you saw it but it doesn't do you


any good until you crank it up and put
it to work. Until then you just have a
$10,000.00 investment. Farm Bureau is
sort of the same way. Your county mem-
bership 33,000 people in Florida, 1,600,-
000 people in the U.S., pay their dues
and have an organization. The only way
to get their money's worth back is to put
the organization to work.
"As President of your county Farm Bu-
reau this coming year you may have ques-
tions from time to time on the workings
of the ordIizdtiun and how to get it to
function as it should. You have a field-
man-Jim Turnbull, who is willing and
able to get together with you at any time
at your convenience. You pay his salary
just as surely as you pay the salary of
the folks on your own payroll so don't
hesitate to use him. He can do a better
job if you do."
I received a real inspiration just from
reading Charlie's comments and I know
you did too.-Jim Turnbull.


Don't fail to include this important fact in your plans for the New Year !






See your local Farm Bureau Agent.





iuthern FARM BUREAU

CASUALTY INSURANCE COMPANY


Home Office
P. 0. Box 78, Jackson, Mississippi


Branch Office
4350 SW 13th St., Gainesville, Fla.


Florida Agriculture, January, 1966








COUNTY FARM BUREAU ACTIVITIES

A round-up of people and events on the local scene throughout the
state... a cross section of ideas which may be copied and expanded upon


Indian River FB is sponsoring a re-
ception in honor of FFBF President
Arthur E. (Art) Karst January 21 from
8 to 10 p.m. The event takes place in
the Vero Beach Woman's Club Building.
Mr. Karst was associated with the Florida
Farm Bureau from its inception and has
served as president of both the Orange
County and Indian River County Farm
Bureaus. Farm Bureau leaders as well as
other agricultural leaders from through-
out the state are expected to attend the
event. (Pictures will appear in the next
issue).

Pinellas Kiwanians in Largo, last
month, invited Farm Bureau's William
M. Morris to be their guest speaker. He
discussed the importance of insurance.

Glades FB's Fred Montsdeoca reports
that the annual Chalo Nitka Festival and
Rodeo will be held March 4, 5, 6 in
Moore Haven.

Orange County FB will begin construc-
tion soon on its new $50,000 building. The
structure will be on the FB's present site,
Old Winter Garden Road just west of
Orlando.

Liberty FB's Jack H. Summers of
Bristol is the recipient of the 1965 con-
servation award, presented by the Flor-
ida Banker's Ass'n plus a check for
$50.00.

Lake FB, last month, took Christmas
gifts to the Lake County Juvenile Home
at Tavares.


Charlotte FB's Dorwin Pearson of
Punta Gorda has developed a new orange
variety called "The Page". He will bud
his own stock of this variety next May.
He says the fruit will be an outstanding
contender for the market because of its
thin skin, its sweetness and the fact that
the sections can be separated easily.


Alachua FB's Mr. and Mrs. M. M.
Bryant of Gainesville, is the recipient of
the Farm-City Committee's "Outstanding
Farm Family of Alachua for 1965". Four
of the couple's nine sons attended the
award presentation. They also have a
daughter. Mr. Bryant is a long-time
leader in the Farm Bureau organization
both on the county and state levels. He
was a member of the FFBF's board of
directors and is at present secretary of
the Alachua FB.


Suwannee farmers secretly solicited
memberships to the County C of C re-
cently. Later a delegation attended a
meeting at the chamber and presented 85
paid up memberships. The farmers pro-
mised co-operation for the mutual benefit
of all residents.


Duval FB's Mr. and Mrs. Walter
Welkener of Jacksonville. are the re-
cipients of that organization's 1965 a-
ward for top contribution to agriculture.
The presentation was made at Duval's
meeting last month by its President Her-
man Jones. Mr. Welkener is a former
Duval President and currently a member
of the FFBF's state board of directors.


Walton FB's J. D. Wooten, of De-
Funiak Springs, is the recipient of the
1965 Soil and Water Conservationist a-
ward sponsored by the Florida Wildlife
Federation.

Sumter FB's E. C. Rowell, of Wild-
wood, on a hunting trip in Hendry
County last month bagged two turkey
gobblers and a spike buck. He was
accompanied by Hendry's State Rep-
resentative J. R. Spratt. (Mr. Rowell
is Speaker of the House of Representa-
tives and a member of the FFBF's state
board of directors).

Santa Rosa FB, in its monthly news-
letter, quoted from Gibbons' "Rise and
Fall of the Roman Empire". In 1787 the
writer listed five reasons for the fall.
They are:
The following is found in -Gibbons'
"Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire"
when in 1787 he listed five reasons for
the fall:
1. The rapid increase in divorce, the
undermining of the dignity and sanctity
of the home, which is the basis of human
society.
2. Higher and higher taxes and the
spending of public money for free bread
and circuses for the populace.
3. The mad craze for pleasure, sports
becoming (every year) more exciting and
brutal.
4. The building of gigantic armaments,
when the real enemy was within, the de-
cadence of the people.
5. The decay of religion-faith fading
into mere form-losing touch with life,
and becoming impotent to lead the people.


796 Years Isn't Enough To Give Away Billion Dollars


IF IN the year 1 A.D., you began to give away $1,000 a
day, you would still have about 796 years to go at the
$1,000-a-day pace to get rid of one billion dollars.
Yet in just 32 years, the Columbia Bank for Cooper-
atives, located in Columbia, South Carolina, has loaned
one billion dollars to farmer-owned supply, processing and
marketing firms in the Carolinas, Georgia and Florida.
Of course no one has been giving away a thousand
dollars a day since 1 A.D., but this is the graphic way the
Columbia Bank for Cooperatives showed what reaching the
"Billion Dollar Milestone" means, last month.
The Columbia Bank for Cooperatives and its sister
banks throughout the nation are specialists in their re-
stricted field and are unique in many respects.
Beginning operations as government-owned facilities in
1933, they have moved to nearly full ownership by bor-
rowers today. As the nation began to shake the shroud
of the great depression, conditions in our economy began
to improve during the late 1940's and early 1950's. The


farm businesses which had been borrowing from the banks
were given the opportunity in 1955 to buy the banks over
a period of time and retire the government investment.
Perhaps the biggest reason for the success of the banks,
says Robert H. McDougall, president of the Columbia Bank
for Cooperatives, is that agriculture is the nation's biggest
single industry which directly or indirectly has a far-
reaching affect on almost all other industries. "And as
our population increases, the dependence upon agriculture
by the non-farming population climbs."
McDougall said, "To meet the demands of 195 million
people for the quality food and fiber they want, today's
farmer is turning more and more to his own marketing and
supply cooperatives to do the job. It takes plenty of credit
for these farm supply and marketing businesses. Our
billion-dollar milestones in 32 years attests to this. And
we at the Columbia Bank of Cooperatives, along with the
other banks in the system, are ready, willing and able to
meet the credit demands of modern agriculture."


Florida Agriculture, January, 1966















By Mrs. Geo. W. Munroe, Chairman, FFBF Women's Committee


HAPPY NEW YEAR to all and wishing
all a successful Farm Bureau year!
On Sunday night before the AFBF con-
vention in Chicago started officially, the
state women's chairmen with their presi-
dents had a banquet. Each state had a
one minute report. It is most remarkable
the things the women do in a year with
the backing of their county membership
as you have to have MEN and WOMEN
back of each project.
Mr. Jack Lynn, of the AFBF's Wash-
ington office, spoke to the state chairmen
at breakfast on Wednesday. The follow-
ing are a few of the statements he made:

Re-apportionment MUST PASS or we lose 14B
(this section of the Taft-Hartley Act permits
states to enact right to work laws which have
compulsory membership in a labor union).
The President had more bills passed in 1965
than he expected.
Women have not reached their capacity yet.
Everyone must be more active politically in 1966.
State and County Farm Bureau and women have a
hand in getting members elected, also selecting
candidates, and we must have more elected on
Farm Bureau's side or, as we believe, to get
legislation we are interested in passed.

Key year in history is 1966.

When the President selects his appointee on the
Federal Reserve Board he will have a majority.
Alabama has more whites not registered than the
total negro population of the state. (This was a
shock to me but made me realize that we should
be working on getting every white person in the
state registered).

Mrs. Smith, chairman of the AFBF
women's committee, made an excellent
speech. I am quoting a portion of it and
later will give you more:

Today throughout our land there are Paul
Reveres shouting warnings-warnings ot dangers
more vicious and threatening than any British
army that ever marched.
There are voices from the builders of our Coun-


try, sounding warnings-from Thomas Jefferson,
who said "The government that governs least, gov-
erns best."
-from George Washington, who said "Govern-
ment is like a fire, which, if it is properly controlled,
will light your homes and cook your food and run
your factories, but if it is not controlled, it will
destroy you."

There are voices sounding warnings from the
twenty civilizations that have come and gone, not
from conquest from without, but because they gave
up their freedom to an all powerful central govern-
ment.

There are warnings from what we see happening
on every side
-from this year, 1965. that will stand out as
the year of the greatest expansion of the Federal
Government in all our history.
-from Government obligations and guarantees
of obligations facing the American people, which
Senator Dirksen says now total nine hundred
forty-seven billion dollars.
-from the weakening of the moral fibre of our
own citizens. Crime increased 13% in the last
year. Juvenile delinquency has increased 100%
in the last 15 years.
-from Government welfare spending, six billion
dollars in 1910, predicted to reach sixty billion
dollars in 1966. In the last ten years, the number
of people on relief in our Country has increased
42%. Six thousand more people go on relief in
New York City every month. What is this doing
to our Society? Cecil Moore, a Negro lawyer in
Philadelphia sounds a warning, "Go down into
the area of my city where most of the relief people
live. Hardly anyone there has any pride in him-
self. That's what public assistance has done for
them. To me, relief is a self-perpetuating de-
gradation, the worst thing that could have happen-
ed to my race." I may add, it may be the worst
thing that could have happened to my race too.

In August at the Farm Bureau Commodity Con-
ference in Kansas, I heard Allan Kline make a
great speech. But in my opinion, the greatest
thing he said that day, he said to me as we were
sitting in the audience and I'm still sorry he didn't
put it in the speech. I asked, "Mr. Kline, what
is going to happen to our Country?" His answer-
"If we continue six or seven more years down the
road we are travelling, our Country will be nearer
to ruin than I intend to ever let it he, if I can
stop it."

My message to you this afternoon is this: What
we need to do is for everyone of the 3,355,640 men
and women in our Organization; plus all young


people, to determine like Mr. Kline-I will not let
this happen, if I can stop it. If we will do this,
we have ample strength to write a new charter of
freedom for our Country, a new hope for our
future.

The Farm Bureau members must heed
these warnings by working to "about
face" some of the things that are being
done. There is entirely too much apathy
in the U.S.
To me the high-light of the convention
was Senator Dirksen's speech. He stated
that he would continue to fight repeal of
section 14-B on the Taft-Hartley Act in
the next session of Congress. Concerning
his fight to allow states to apportion one
chamber of their legislature on other than
population basis he wasn't giving up des-
pite the fact that 30 states already or are
in process of reapportioning it is no lost
cause, he stated.
The following I picked up from the
Iowa Farm Bureau women:

BEATITUDES FOR LEADERS
Blessed is the leader who has not sought the
high places, but has been drafted into service be-
cause of her ability and her willingness to serve.
Blessed is the leader who knows where she is
going and how she is going to get there.
Blessed is the leader who knows no discourage-
ment and who presents no alibi.
Blessed is the leader who knows how to lead
without being dictorial: true leaders are humble.
Blessed is the leader who seeks for the best for
those she serves.
Blessed is the leader who leads for the good of
the most concerned and not for personal gratifica-
tion of her own ideas.
Blessed is the leader who develops leaders while
leading.
Blessed is the leader who marches with the
group, who interprets earnestly the signs of the
pathway that leads to success.
Blessed is the leader who has her head in the
clouds, and her feet on the ground.
Blessed is the leader who considers leadership
an opportunity for service.

Let the LEADERS of our Farm Bu-
reau measure up to these, both men and
women. ---CALRICE MUNROE


FLORIDIANS INVITED TO PARTICIPATE IN NATIONAL CHICKEN CONTEST


LAST YEAR'S National Chicken Cook-
ing contest featured recipes from six
Floridians.
The recipes were: "Chicken Cran Tan"
by Mrs. J. H. Reego, 3096 Roberta Drive,
Largo; "Crunch, Barbecued Chicken" by
Mrs. Helen Mackay, 201 S. Evergreen
Ave., Clearwater; "Dusty Chicken" by
Miss Cathy Aughenbaugh, 1624 NE 6th
St., Ft Lauderdale: and "Golden Show
Chicken." "Honey Dipped Drumsticks"
and "Very Yellow Rice and Chicken"
and Honey-Glazed Bar-B-Q" by Mrs.
Johanna Mae Himrod, Miss Marsha Jane
Himrod and Joe B. Himrod, respectively
of Rt. 1, Wauchula.


Some of you might want to enter this
year's contest and if so I thought you'd
like to know that January 31st is the final
date for sending in an application.
The contest, considered one of the
poultry industry's major annual food pro-
motion events, is held June 16-18 at Po-
comoke City, Md.
Some 40 national prizes, plus numer-
ous prizes for state finalists are offered
in the contest's four divisions. Men,
women and juniors are eligible to enter
Top prize is an island paradise vacation
for two by Pan American jet clipper to
either Hawaii, Puerto Rico or the Virgin
Islands plus $300 in cash and hotel ac-
commodations. (Junior cooks, under 18,


have special prizes listed on the youth
page of this issue).
Long a favorite of farm cooks whether
their husbands raise meat chickens or
not, the contest has seen no less than
three farm women crowned the National
Chicken Cooking Champion in its 17-year
existence.
Free entry blanks and rules are avail-
able by sending a postcard request with
their return address to Delmarva Poultry
Industry, Inc., Route 2, Box 47, George-
town, Del. If you write today you still
have time to get the entry blank and sub-
mit your recipe before midnight January
31st. Good luck.


Florida Agriculture, January, 1966


-
-r 1I
















These two actors make their Hollywood movie
bow together in Universal's film: "The Rare Breed".
They are "Vindicator", a 1200-lb whiteface Hereford
bull and Miss Juliet Mills, sister of Hayley Mills. Others
in the new film are James Stewart and Maureen
O'Hara. The picture makes its world premier in Ft.
Worth Texas next month and will be shown on Florida
Screens in March or April, according to Jose Schorr, of
Universal Pictures Co., Inc., 445 Park Ave., New York.
(Note: white Herefords are one of the dominant breeds
in the Florida cattle industry. Sires from fine English
herds were crossed with native cows in 1950 and
Florida's quality beef took a big jump ahead).



A PAGE FOR FLORIDA'S RURAL YOUTH


Florida's Commissioner of Agriculture
Doyle Conner, was a Sophomore at the
University of Florida when he was first
elected to the House of Representatives
from Bradford County. He was just 21
years old. While on campus he was
named one of the five outstanding young
men in Florida by the Jaycees, served as
President of the Agriculture Club and
was a member of the Florida Blue Key
and Alpha Gamma Rho. Mrs. Conner
was, before her marriage, Jonnie (Kitten)
Bennet of Marianna. The couple has two
sons, Doyle, Jr., John Bryant and a
daughter, Kimberly Ann.

A 17-year old farm youth won top hon-


ors at the International Livestock Exposi-
tion held in Chicago. John Reel of Con-
gerville, Ill. entered his 1,040 pound An-
gus sumner yearling, which was named
grand champion steer over all breeds at
the show. Fifteen year old Miriam Hul-
linger of Harris, Mo., exhibited her An-
gus senior calf and it was named cham-
pion over all breeds in the junior division.

National Junior Champ (under 18) in
the national chicken cooking contest (de-
scribed on the opposite page) will win a
$1000 shopping spree at the John Wana-
maker Dept. Store in Wilmington, Del.
Top junior miss wins a Bobbie Brooks
wardrobe. (See opposite page for enter-


ing before January 31st).

Selection of "Miss Sun n' Soil 1966"
to represent Florida's multi-billion agri-
business industry, will be a highlight of
the Florida State Fair in Tampa, Febru-
ary 1-12. The pageant will accept only
reigning queens representing agricultur-
al groups and fairs will be eligible. The
winner will be awarded a 1966 Dodge
Coronet 500 convertible, fully equipped
with air-conditioning, radio and extras.
Runners-up will also receive prizes val-
ued in the thousands of dollars. (The
winner's name will appear in this column
next month).


Green-eyed, 20-year old Karol Kelly of Zephyrhills ends her year
long reign as "Florida Citrus Queen" soon. A successor will be chosen
on February 14 in Winter Haven at the Florida Citrus Showcase.
Queen Kelly's 12 month's busy schedule rounds out this month with
an appearance at the huge Neiman-Marcus Fashion show in Dallas,
Texas where she will model Florida fashions.
During the past summer she was in New York where she appeared
on the "Today" television show; in Boston Miss Kelly was guest of honor
at a game between the Red Sox and White Sox. She threw the first ball
in the game-a real Florida orange-and was made honorary member of
the team, assigned the number 26 and presented a sweater bearing the
numeral. Her schedule included a trip to Toronto for the mamoth
Trans-Canadian Exposition where she presented a basket of fresh Florida
fruit to the mayor and appeared for 45 minutes on a national television
network. She went to Arizona for two weeks to make a movie short for
Mercury motors; to Miami to model for Saks; to Orlando to greet Minute
Maid officials; to Sea Island, Ga. for the Southeastern Governor's con-
ference; to Winfield, Kansas to appear in an Orange festival; to Washing-
ton, D.C. with arms full of fragrant orange blossoms, to meet vice
President Hubert Humphrey and be guest of honor at a luncheon arrang-
ed by Florida's Congressman Sykes.
The new Citrus Queen will have an even busier schedule during
1966 according to Showcase officials, Box 1460, Winter Haven.


Florida Agriculture, January, 1966
















Rate: 10c per word. Min. $2.00. Display, $10 per col. inch.
P.O. Box 67, Gratigny Branch, Miami, Fla. 33168
DOGS
REGISTERED Catahoula Leopard pups, trained Cowhogdogs,
unrelated pairs, English Shepherd Border Collie pups, Trained
Border Collies. Stodghill Ranch, Quinlan, Texas.
AUSTRALIAN Shepherd, Australian Cattledog, Border Collies,
English Shepherd, Catahoula Leopard Cowhogdogs. Stodghill's
Research Magazine all about Stockdogs $3.00 yr. Record
Book for Certified Breeders $5.00. Stodghill's Research
Foundation, Quinlan, Texas 75474.
SPITZ PUPPIES. Also all sizes Bassets. All registered. Nice
ones. Jack Thorn, Humboldt, Iowa.
EXCLUSIVE MANUAL, You Need to Train Your Dog 10 Easy
Tricks. Revealing circus method. Age, breed, size makes no
difference. Send $2.00. Stewart-Coffey, Box 10366, Tampa,
Florida.
EQUIPMENT
WILL BUY SELL TRADE new or used bulk milk tanks.
Richard Cernosek, P.O. Box 222, LaGrange, Texas. Phone 713-
968 3742.
WESTGO ROCK PICKER 4 ft. side pull 2000 Ibs. capacity
2 or 3" bottom tractor will handle only $625 at factory.
Write WESTGO, West Fargo, N. D.
FARROWING CRATES. Complete $22.95. Free Literature
Dolly Enterprises, 202 Main, Colchester, III.
POST HOLE DIGGER 12V-DC, Augers 2"-7" one-man operat-
ed, 5,000 in use. Fully warranted. Price range $148 to $158,
complete. Bidler Energies, McKeesport, Pa.
Minton's Blue Ribbon Equipment
1-340 Diesel w/Hester Tree Hoe ... $2500.00
1-340 Diesel w/Hester Tree Hoe . $2250.00
Lo-Boy Cub w/Woods Rotary Mower . $1300.00
2 Inch Portable Pump . . .. $ 150.00
Minton Equipment Co.
HO 1-0800 Box 3270 Ft. Pierce

SAW CHAIN
DIRECT TO YOU AT FACTORY PRICES!
Brand New! First Quality! Fully Guaranteed!
In .404", /2", or 7/16" Pitch. Chain for bar of any
saw with cutting length of:
12" to 14" only $10 17" to 20" only $13
15" to 16" only $11 21" to 24" only $15
GUIDE BARS: New, hard-nose to fit:
Homelite 17" $17.00, 21" $19.00
McCulloch 18" $18.00, 24" $21.00
SPROCKETS: Direct-drive sprocket $4; Gear-drive
sprocket $2.50.
Add 50g to total order for shipping
(For COD send $2.00 deposit)
Give saw name, bar cutting length, pitch used or number of
drive links in chain. Send check or money order to:
ZIP-PENN, INC.
BOX 179UD ERIE, PENNSYLVANIA
For big savings on other bars, saw parts, accessories,
write for complete catalog.
HUNTING & FISHING
Collapsible FARM-POND-FISH-TRAPS; Animal Traps. POST-
PAID. FREE information, pictures. SHAWNEE, 3934 C Buena
Vista, Dallas 4, Texas.
HYBRID RED WORMS, hand picked, 1,000-$3.00; 5,000-
$8.00; 10,000-$14.00' bedrun, 20.000-$20.00. Postpaid with
raising instructions. Brazos Bait Farms, Rt. 9, Waco Texas.
INSECT CONTROL
INSECT Pests Biting, crop-destroying, mosquitoes, moths,
boll worms, etc. 1Oc month. Free information. Sing Sing
Bug Chair, Box M204, Metamora, Mich. 48455.
LIVESTOCK & SUPPLIES
KENYON BROTHERS Farm Specializing in Holsteins since
1906. Large Selection of Choice Springing First Calf Heifers
and Cows. T. B. and Bangs tested, Calfhood vaccinated. Over
200 head on hand at all times. We deliver anywhere. Kenyon
Brothers, P.O. Box 134, Elgin, Illinois. Phone 312-741-1818.
SEND $1.00 for COLOR-ILLUSTRATED booklet. Charolais
Registry International, Box 286, Rockford, III.
REGISTERED RED POLL Heifers and Bulls. Sired by 1959
International Grand Champion. Fred Conrad, Mahomet, III.
LE CONTE AYRSHIRE SEMEN (Polled). Daughters highest
milk of living approved Polled Ayrshire bulls. Poll the Nat-
ural Way. E. Tennessee A.B.A., Knoxville, Tenn. Also W. Va.,
Md., Ohio, Michigan and Iowa Associations. Robert A. Broady,
217 Bruce St., Sevierville, Tenn.
LARGE SELECTION of Quality Wisconsin Holstein cows and
first calf heifers. I or trailer load. We deliver anywhere. C.
E. Davis & Son, Ringgold, Ca., Phone 935-2684.
Select Holstein & Jersey Springers
Large selection on hand at all times. Satisfaction Guaranteed.
Tested for Bangs & T.B. Financing Available. Phone Collect:
Bob Curley, 965-1426; Murphy White, 585-0409; Colonel Cy
Cooper, 683-0997 Palm Beach Cattle Co., 8282 Southern
Blvd., West Palm Beach, Fla. 33406.
JEFFERSON CO. HOLSTEIN BREEDERS' ASSN.
Registered and Grade Holsteins
Available from top DHIA accredited herds, many using art-
ificial breeding. Heifers at all ages, good young cows. Come
and make your own selections, or will buy on order at
your direction. Financing available. Free fleldman -rie.
Write-wire-phone for prices: WILL BETSCHLER, Fieldman,
Helenville, Wis. Office in Black Hawk Hotel, Fort Atkinson,
Wis. Phone JOrdan 3-2329.
Res. Phone LYnwood 3-2351 at Sullivan, Wis.


CHOICE DAIRY HEIFERS
For Sale at all times. 35 years experience.
CARL SAPPINGTON
PONTONTOC, MISS. 489-3667
JERSEY AND GUERNSEY HEIFERS
Heavy springer, bred or open. Also Jersey & Guernsey cows,
fresh or springers. 250 to 300 head on hand at all times to
choose from. Mostly calfhood vaccinated. All animals shipped
by Federal regulation of your state. I deliver. ELLIS W.
TAYLOR, Route 1, Strafford, Missouri. Phone RE 6-2755.
ATTENTION DAIRYMEN
Do you need milk immediately? 75 head of fresh and
real close HOLSTEIN heifers. Financing available.
2 years to pay.
BOTTEMA FARMS
Route 2, Box 380 Phone 317-839-6575
Indianapolis, Indiana
DAIRY GOAT JOURNAL- monthly maga-
zine. How to raise, where to buy dairy goats.
$2 annually. Box 836, Columbia, A-62, Mo.
MISCELLANEOUS
MAKE MONEY raising Guinea Pigs, Rabbits, Mink or Chin-
chillas for us. Write for free information. KEENEY BROTHERS,
New Freedom, Pennsylvania.
ALL BRAND NAME Latex products. Write for free confiden-
tial wholesale price lists. Distributor Sales, Dept. 3365, 3000
Truman, Kansas City, Mo. 64127.
LEARN OIL PAINTING, Art Books, Beautiful Prints. Whole-
sale. Free offer. Brochure. Arlie Gray, Box 2406, Sarasota,
Florida.
RUPTURED? Proven, New, Home Method. No surgery. No
shots. No lost time. Painless. Inexpensive. Details free.
Rupture Institute, 1119W Davis Ave., Elkins, W. Va. 26241
BOOKS: Civil Service, Self Help, many others. Dime for lists.
Atkinson, 114 Brown, Elbridge, N.Y. 13060.
KODACOLOR FILM Developed and DeLuxe Jumbo Color Prints,
8 exposure $1.75; 12 exposure $1.98. Black and White, 8 ex-
posure 30c 12 exposure 45c. (Trial offer with this ad).
American Studios, Dept. FM, La Crosse, Wis.
TWO "WILL" FORMS (finest quality) and Lawyer's 64-
page booklet about wills, $1.00 complete. National, B6x
48313-FL, Los Angeles 48, Calif.
MAKE, SELL nice door mats from used bailer twine. Nearly
all profit guaranteed, instructions $1.00. R. Brooks, R2F,
Arkansaw, Wis.
FUN 'N MAGIC CATALOG, 106. (1,500,399 tricks, jokes,
novelties, puzzles, disguises, souvenirs, books, gags, etc.)
Elbee, Box 7408-FA, San Antonio, Tex. 78207.
LOCUST POST Round and Sawed. Reginald Trigger,
Rollins Fork, Va. Ph 775-4039.
FENCE POSTS
PENTA PRESSURE TREATED FOR LONG LIFE
ALL SIZES
COLEMAN-EVANS WOOD PRESERVING CO.
Whitehouse, Florida Phone EL 6-6453 or EV 7-4383
TRUCK TIRES RECONDITIONED. Guaran-
teed 750x20-8 ply- $12.50; 750x20-10
ply, 825x20, 900x20, 1000x20 $15.50
Freight paid 3 or more. Free lists. Bridges
Tire Sales, Decatur, Alabama.
MUSIC
POEMS WANTED for musical setting and recording. Send
poems. Free examination. Crown Music Co., 49-SP W. 32 St.,
New York 1.
POEMS & SONGS WANTED. All types. Royalty offer, Free
examination. Mail to Tin Pan Alley, Inc., 1650 Broadway,
New York, N.Y. 10019
POEMS WANTED for new songs. Send poems, Five Star Music,
6-B Beacon, Boston 8, Mass.
PLANTS & NURSERY STOCK
BLACKBERRY PLANTS, FLORDAGRAND, Okiawaha G Brazo.
Write for information and prices to Grand Island Nurseries,
Inc., Box 906, Eustis, Florida 32726.
SUPERIOR QUALITY from Willhite Melon Seed Farms. Water-
melon Seed. We grow certified seed in Texas, Colorado and
Oklahoma. Jubilee, Crimson Sweet, Rio Gray, Shipper, Gar-
risonian, Charleston Gray, Charleston Gray 133, Black Diamond
and other varieties. Grown strictly for seed of highest
quality, shipped nationwide. Beautiful catalog actual photo-
graphs 90 watermelon and cantaloupe varieties with valuable
information free on request. Willhite Melon Seed Farms,
Poolville, Texas and Weatherford, Texas.
STRAWBERRY PLANTS: Virus-free varieties of highest quality
-Florida 90 and New Earlibelle. Write for FREE catalog
today. James W. Brittingham, 2538-F Ocean City Rd., Salis-
bury, Md. 21801.

CITRUS TREES NOW!
H. S. Massey Jr.
Offers For Immediate Delivery
* MARSH & DUNCAN R/L & S/O
NAVELS
VALENCIAS R/L & S/O
HAMLINS S/O & Cleo
Phone 567-5370
(After 5 PM 567-6248 or 567-3967)

DAVIDSON FRUIT CO.
P.O. Box 1021 Dade City, Florida


FLORDAWON, FLORDAOUEEN, Flordahome, Tejon, Bonita,
Florida Jewel, Red Ceylon Peach trees. BRAND NEW FLORDA-
SUN PEACH-SUN RED NECTARINE-AII budded on nematode-
resistant rootstocks. Now taking orders 10% pre-budding
discount. Write now for information on these commercial and
home varieties especially adaptable to warm climates. Grand
Island Nurseries, Inc. Box 906, Eustis, Florida 32726.
WONDER TREE, world's fastest shade, freezeproof, guaranteed,
salt-tolerant, write. Also world's largest peanuts, and multi-
plying onions, $1.00 qt., 50c postage. Caryx Nursery. Inver
ness, Florida.
LIKE SWEET ONIONS? NEW BLUE RIBBON
ASSORTMENT 600 Sweet Onion Plants with
free planting guide $3.00 postpaid, fresh
from Texas Onion Plant Co., "home of the
sweet onion," Farmersville, Texas 75031.
REAL ESTATE
FREE "INFORMATION about the Ozarks." Farm list with
actual photos. Owensby, Realtors, Buffalo, Mo.
400,000,000 ACRES government public land in 25 states.
Some low as $1.00 acre. 1966 Report. Send $1.00 National
Land 422ZI Washington Bldg., Washington, D.C.
FROM 40 to 6000 ACRE RANCH, Manatee Co. Ex pasture,
grove on farm land. Lease, sell or trade. Box 823, Ph.
746-9941, Bradenton, Florida.
SCHOOLS
LEARN AUCTIONEERING. Term Soon. Free Catalog. The
Reisch American School of Auctioneering, Inc., Mason City
71, Iowa.
AUCTION SCHOOL, Ft. Smith, Ark. Free Catalog.
Term soon. Home Study Courses Available.
HIGH SCHOOL DIPLOMA at home by licensed teachers using
approved materials. Send age, highest grade completed for
free details. Southern States Academy, Professional Bldg.,
Dept. 70, Decatur, Ga.
REAL ESTATE STUDY BOOKS
"How To Pass The Florida Real Estate Exam."
SALESMAN $10 BROKER $15
685 to 850 questions, answers, explanations. The most Com-
plete Real Estate Book Money can Buy. EST. 1950 over
99% Passing Record.
Money Back Guarantee.
ALBERT A. McCOY, Publisher
Member Chamber of Commerce
1313 N.E. 125th St., North Miami, Florida
SIGNS
FOR SALE: Nameplates, badges, truck signs, decals, pressure-
sensitive labels. Free catalog, samples and quotations. Seton
Nameplate Corp. Dept. FM, New Haven, Conn. 06505
TRUCK DECALS & Self-Stick Signs. Made to order. Easy to
apply. Art Craft, 661 S. Main St., Webster, Mass.
FOR WOMEN
"EXASPERATED with dull kitchen knives? Try finest American
handmade non-stainless. Free catalog. Webster House, 205
Dickinson Rd., Dept. F, Webster, N.Y. 14581."
MULTIPRINT RUCSTRIPS 3 Ibs. $1.00. "Woolbulky" yarns
$1.00 Ib. Facecloths doz. $1.00. Sewnotions 50 1.00
Buttons 800 $1.00. Laces 36 yds. $1.00 Quiltpatches 2 Ibs.
$1.00. Schaefer, Champlain, N.Y.
MAKE $50 to $250 spare time. Demonstrate
quality cosmetics with our gorgeous $10 dis-
play kit sent on trial. Write for FREE offer.
Lucky Heart, Dept. 146XA, Memphis, Tenn:
38102.

MONEY FOR YOUR TREASURY
SUNFLOWER DISHCLOTHS
Over 2,000,000
Were sold in 1965 by members of many or-
ganizations. They enable you to earn money
for your treasury and make friends for your
organization. Sample FREE to official.
SANGAMON MILLS, INC.
Established 1915 Cohoes, N.Y.
ZIP CODE 12407





THIS PAGE IS THE

MARKET PLACE FOR

33,000 FARM FAMILIES

THROUGHOUT FLORIDA.

It tells where to buy, sell

or rent most anything

needed on farms. It will

pay you to use this page

regularly. Write for

information.





Florida Agriculture, January, 1966







COTTON COUNCIL SCHEDULES ANNUAL

MEET IN FLORIDA FOR FIRST TIME
By Bill Foreman, manager, Public Relations,
National Cotton Council, Memphis Tennessee


E. W. (Pete) Lins, vice president, Blue
Goose Growers, Inc. who represented sales
agencies during the horticultural corps
conference at the recent AFBF convention.
Mr. Lins is a former Floridian and was a
leader in the Farm Bureau organization
during its formative years. He served on
the FFBF board of directors as well
as vice president. Mr. and Mrs. Lins re-
sided in Ft. Pierce until several years ago
wheq he moved to another state to accept
the vice presidency of one of the nation's
best known companies.

Finlayson Honored at
AFBF Convention
DURING THE recent convention in Chi-
cago AFBF's president Charles B. Shu-
man made the following statement to the
organization's new board of directors:
Ed Finlayson has served the farmers
of Florida for fourteen years with dis-
tinction. He has made an outstanding
contribution to the American Farm Bu-
reau Federation during his years as a
member of the AFBF Board of Directors.
All of his associates on the AFBF Board
join with me in wishing Ed and Mrs.
Finlayson many years of health and hap-
piness."
Mr. Finlayson recently retired after
serving as President of the FFBF for 14
years and simultaneously retired from
the AFBF's board.




Answers to Quizz on Page 8


1. (C); 4. (A);

2. (A); 5. (C).

3. (C);


RESEARCH AND promotion programs
to increase the use of one of the nation's
chief agricultural commodities will be for-
mulated by delegates attending the 28th
annual meeting of the National Cotton
Council in Jacksonville, January 31-Feb-
ruary 1.
To be held at the Robert Meyer and
George Washington Hotels, the meeting
is expected to attract some 1,000 repre-
sentatives of the cotton industry and
allied groups. This will be the first time
for the meeting to be held in Florida.
As the central organization of the raw
cotton industry, the Council conducts re-
search and promotion programs to in-
crease the consumption of U. S. cotton,
cottonseed, and their products. Seven
interests-producers, ginners, merchants,
warehousemen, cottonseed crushers, spin-
ners, and cotton cooperatives- the 18
cotton-producing states are represented
in the Council.
Many delegates will arrive as early as
January 27 in order to participate in
committee meetings preceding the gen-
eral sessions. Scheduled the following
day are meetings of committees on for-
eign trade, production and marketing,
utilization research, and sales promotion.
Delegates on these committees will hear
staff reports on 1965 activities and then
draft recommendations for 1966.
Recommendations will be submitted to
the Council Board of Directors and later
to the full membership during the gen-
eral convention. Guest speakers for the
general sessions will include Senator
Spessard Holland of Florida and Robert
E. Brooker of Chicago, Ill., president of
Montgomery Ward, the large retail chain.
Mr. Brooker is expected to discuss
problems involved in gaining greater ac-
ceptance of cotton textiles at the retail
level. Montgomery Ward and other large
retail chains now are cooperating with
the industry in promoting cotton prod-
ucts through advertising, customer mail-
ings, window displays, and other mer-
chandising activities.
The industry's promotion of its prod-
ucts now is at a record level. Besides
its work with major chains, the industry
is conducting cooperative programs with
designers and manufacturers through full-
color advertising in mass-circulation and
fashion magazines. Reports of the Maid
of Cotton tour, locally televised fashion
shows, fashion publicity, educational pro-
grams for home economists, and other
activities will be given.
In these promotions, the advantages for
consumers who buy "comfortable, care-

Florida's U.S. Senator Spessard Holland
will be a guest speaker at the 28th annual
meeting of the National Cotton Council in
Jacksonville this month. (See accompany-
ing article).


free cotton" products are stressed.
Delegates also will hear staff reports on
research work aimed at lowering the cost
of growing cotton, maintaining and im-
proving raw fiber quality, and producing
new and better products. Progress in
research to help growers cut losses from
weeds, insects, and diseases will be de-
detailed.
Special emphasis is expected to be
placed on progress being made in re-
search projects to achieve durably press-
ed finishes for cotton garments. In re-
cent months, the use and promotion of
such treatments by manufacturers of
man-made fibers have posed a very seri-
ous threat to large markets traditionally
held almost by cotton.
Cotton's economic outlook will be
charted for committee members and dele-
gates by the Council's chief economist,
G. C. Cortright, Jr., a Rolling Fork, Miss.,
grower and Council president, will ad-
dress the meeting on the "Year In Per-
spective." These two reports usually
serve as background for delegates in the
development and adoption of resolutions
dealing with research and promotion ac-
tivities to be carried out by the Council
staff during the coming year.
One of the major problems facing the
industry is the fact that manufacturers
of man-made fibers are spending far
greater sums for research and promotion,
especially the producers of higher-priced,
non-cellulosic fibers. As a result, the use
of this type fiber is continuing to increase
at the expense of cotton.


Elorida Agriculture, January, 1966












By Arthur E. (Art) Karst, Vero Beach
President, Florida Farm Bureau Federation


OUR NEW fiscal year is in progress, and results so far
are most gratifying. Farm Bureau members all
over the state are showing commendable willingness and
enthusiasm in accepting the responsibility of state com-
mittee assignments. With this kind of cooperation, we
can look forward to even better Farm Bureau effective-
ness and stature in the future. In appointment of com-
mittees, we are endeavoring to consider such factors as
geography, commodity interest, membership concentra-
tion, experience, nature of committee work, etc.
Already meetings of the following committees have
been held, and the work of the committee is underway:
Executive, Expanded Services, Farm Bureau Enter-
prises, Redistricting and By-Laws Revision, Insurance,
Tax Study. We plan to publish, in Florida Agriculture,
progress reports and/or recommendations of all commit-
tees in' order that all of our members can be better in-
formed of Farm Bureau activities at the state level.
The Executive Committee has met with our insur-
ance company management seeking to work out clearer
contractual arrangements for the mutual benefit of the
counties, the agents and the companies. The Farm Bu-
reau fieldmen and the insurance company field super-
visors will jointly explain and help with the implemen-
tation of these new arrangements.
Taxes, of all sorts, loom as the major universal
problem for farmers. The supreme court ruling in the
Duval county case will undoubtedly cause major revision
in the assessment formula, ration, and level in most
counties. Sales and use taxes are probably due for some
change. The costs of production, harvesting, and mar-
keting, of which taxes, fees and licenses are a part, can-
not be automatically passed on to the consumer, as the
law of supply and demand covers the consumer price of
agricultural goods. Florida agriculture has always ac-
cepted its equitable, and in many cases much more,
share of the cost of providing public services-education,
public health, welfare, safety, research, roads and high-
ways, etc. Agriculture must not be burdened with a
confiscatory level of taxes that will break the "back-
bone" of our state's economy.


It is with these thoughts in mind that Florida Farm
Bureau will activate our own Tax Study Committee.
Facts and figures will be assembled. We will testify at
length before the newly appointed Interim Legislative
Tax Revision Committee. We will be certain that the
Comptroller and the Tax Assessors have the opportunity
to completely understand the unique problems of Flor-
ida Agriculture. Florida Farm Bureau is urging each
county Farm Bureau to set up its own special tax com-
mittee to work closely with the local tax assessor and
other public officials.

The American Farm Bureau Federation legislative
program is underway, pursuant to the policy as de-
cided upon by the voting delegates at the AFBF con-
vention in Chicago in December. Immediately follow-
ing the adjournment of the convention on December 16,
the leaders of the various states assembled in a work-
shop meeting in Chicago to evaluate and outline legis-
lative goals for the next session of Congress. On Janu-
ary 5-6-7 a Florida delegation met in Augusta, Georgia
with like groups from North Carolina, South Carolina
and Georgia to further plan the detail of getting under-
standing of agricultural problems and Farm Bureau
recommendations for solutions to all members of Con-
gress from our various states. Florida Senators and
Representatives are, for the most part, exceedingly
knowledgeable of Florida and U.S. agriculture, and we
commend them for being willing to take the time and
effort necessary to continue to keep well informed of
the legislative needs of our state, and for their support
of our programs designed to expedite the solutions to
agriculturally oriented problems.

As our "Power in the People" program develops,
we will see that our success will be in direct proportion
to the interest and endeavor shown by our members.
Public officials appreciate being informed by the people
as to needs and limitations. I am sure our county Na-
tional Affairs committees will do an even better job this
year in implementing the Farm Bureau program for a
stable, prosperous agriculture.


Florida Agriculture, January, 1966









GUEST
EDITORIAL


Agriculture is not a declining industry,
even though farm and ranch population
numbers decline each year. Agriculture is
a vibrant, dynamic growth industry, with
great and exciting things going on and
greater and more exciting promises in its
future.
Farming is so advanced today when
compared with what it was a generation
ago it is almost beyond belief. One farm
worker fed eight other people in 1920.
Now he feeds 32 besides himself and in
the not distant future it will be 40 and
50 other people. Since 1955 output per
man-hour on the farm has increased by
almost 80 percent and farm production
has increased by about 33 percent. That
is a man-hour output and production in-
crease far ahead of any other industry
in a like period. And man-hour output
and production increases will continue
during the years ahead.
Even more unbelievable is the 21 mil-
lion acres dropped from production since
1950 to the lowest cultivated acreage in
55 years. We are feeding 100 million
more Americans in 1965 on about the
same cultivated acreage as we had in
1910. Furthermore, the food supply is
better, more varied and more abundant.
Agricultural scientific evaluators can-
not begin to limit their vision of the U.S.
farm and ranch future.
In 1980-only fifteen years away-
the U.S. will have a population of 245
million. Based on today's knowledge, 700
million acres will be needed to feed that
population; but there are only 500 million
acres of cropland now. The equivalent
of an added 160 million acres can be
squeezed out by the application of
known technology. Drainage, clearance
and irrigation will open up another 25
million acres; and new technology, un-
known now, will provide the equivalent of
23 million acres.
By 2010-45 years ahead-the U.S.
will need a billion acres or its equivalent
just to feed its own people. Four hun-
dred million acres or the equivalent will
have to be found in technology unknown
to agricultural scientists now. Even so,
scientists are confident there is an infinity
of knowledge untapped and this will be
applied to agriculture and farm equip-
ment and livestock to feed Americans
unborn.
Agriculture faces a bigger task than
any man can foresee, but farmers and
ranchers and their scientific advisors are
.confident the challenge will be met. They
are positive agricultural science will con-
tinue "to bust out all over," provided
science and agriculture remain free of
government control and interference to
exercise their imagination fully.-Bernie
Camp, Nebraska Farm Bureau.


LIFE INSURANCE TAKES THE "IF"

OUT OF LIFE!

IF you live to see your children reared

IF you live to see them educated

IF you live to see your home or busi-
ness paid for .....

Through Life Insurance and only through
Life Insurance you can create an estate
that will guarantee as much for your family
as you could save for them in many years.

If anything happens to you, Life Insurance
provides your family with the total amount
you planned to save, even if you have paid
only one premium!

See your local Farm Bureau Agent today
or complete the coupon below!





SOUTHERN FARM/BUREAU



P. O. Box 78 Jackson, Mississippi
For more information return coupon.
NAMF
ADDRESS
CITY STATF


Florida Agriculture, January, 1966


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Let Your Farm Bureau Agent
Protect your Crops with



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5 -,

One Hail Storm could destroy
your complete crop in Minutes !

Crop Hail Insurance cannot keep it from hailing,
but it can keep you from failing.


See your FARM
FOR CROP


BUREAU Agent Today
HAIL INSURANCE


FLORIDA FARM BUREAU MUTUAL INSURANCE COMPANY
4350 SW 13th STREET PHONE FR 2-0401 GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA


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