Group Title: sun.
Title: The sun
Full Citation
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 Material Information
Title: The sun
Uniform Title: sun
Sun (Jacksonville, Fla.)
Physical Description: 2 v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Sun Co.
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Publication Date: September 22, 1906
Frequency: weekly
Subject: Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Tallahassee (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Leon County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Leon -- Tallahassee
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.451667 x -84.268533 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Nov. 18, 1905)-v. 3, no. 47 (Sept. 12, 1908).
Numbering Peculiarities: Published at Tallahassee, Fla., June 23-Sept. 12, 1908.
General Note: Claude L'Engle, editor.
General Note: "If it's right, we are for it."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075914
Volume ID: VID00046
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 33400104
lccn - sn 95047216
 Related Items
Other version: Morning sun (Tallahassee, Fla.)
Succeeded by: Dixie (Jacksonville, Fla.)

Full Text

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Entered at the Post Ofme at Tallahassee, Fla., as second class matter.

Vohmne 1-No. 45 TALLAHASSCC, FLORIDA, SEPTEMBER 22, 1906 tin 1f Goply Gen

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In this Issue:

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S Cut perCq~,P t YeAr

InteresttMg Talks by TEW SUN to the Readers

7, to that principle that has made THE SUN
! ( e6t by all, favored by nearly all, and feared by
so o few, which ruling principle may be briefly
^ statedd a- .-
THE BUN that just now is' the right time to tell about
the good fortune that has come our way.
Po we introduce THE SUN'H Cartoonist-
Mr. W. W. Carroll-
In a caricature drawn of himself, by himself-
It will be seen that Mr Carroll prefers to think of him-
self he a farmer. Maybe his soul yearns to make two
blades of grand grow where only one grew before.
Maybe, the "Man With THE Hoe" appeals to his im-
But4, to us he is the Man With THE Pen, and as such
we introduce him to those favored ones who are SUN
Chariot Riders.
Mr Carroll is Florida born and raised. He belongs to


one of those Middle Florida families that have made the
name of the State honored.
He is Mayor of his native town of Monticello, is
Editor of The Monticello News, and has lately taken up
pecan culture for profit and recreation.
He studied art in the best school in New York, was
classmate with Christy, and co-workers with other artists.
who have climbed high up on the ladder of fame.
For years he was one of the staff of the Cleveland
Press, and then the Buffalo Leader. He was head of the
art department of the Cleveland Press when the Scripps-
McRae League was started with the Press as the chief of
the chain of newspapers, that are now conducted by that
famous organization.
His work is of the bept, and THE SUN congratulates
itself and its friends on the fortune that gave him to us
Those who have asked us who our new cartoonist is, are



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it"V 04101t(
ite ft5I *lts In Wtte Eanks it S *> gHt n IOrki**IlA
It In1Bb k li i
W i r ? sioloMeal an 0. ~ r osewie

0 itit
it R -ri~ttii~ttttt~iiii

4 11

66 TTRNAL vigilance Is thp price of
safey. A trite old saying, may
Ibe, but ut as true now as when
it was flrst uttered, and especially
W apN.loae to the Iubject matter of
r i t i article. If your hrt where
your treasure is, every person who owns, or exo
pects to own a dollar that is entrusted to a bank
for safe keping should be interested In the mat-
ter of bans* and the aeuards that are thrown
around tem In the ltret of patrons of asuh In-
stitutions. The National Banks are under the
control o. the Federal Government, State Banks
of the ta* enta In the world of National
Banks rently, the bank failure In Ohboago. the
bank fa. pre Ij Kentuoky, the failure In Philadel.
phia, ehigh Involved such enormous sums of
money, have led us to make Inquiry as to what is
being done amon State Banks to prevent losses
to the4tlena of Florids by reason of similar mis.
A reeentatve of THE SUNS with the view of
obtalnsIhatormation on this subject, sought Mr.
W .0. SrOm, Ohief Clerk In the' offooe of the
ComptHller, whose duty It is to examine State
and SaM ags banks, and obtained from his much
enllg met, whieh is given here for the eneflt
of 8UN readers.
S"M. bCroI asked the reporter, "under what
law are State banks examined?"
"Under section 2191 of the Revised Statutes of
Plorida," wa the reply'" Which provides for the
examinat6 of all banks Incorporated under the
laws of the bcat of Florida. There are now
about seventy banks iA the State and I am oontin-
ually engaged In the examozination of them under
the direction of the Comptroller, who purposes to
have each bank examined at least once each year.
A number Ware been examined several times dur-
ins that p d. The condition of the banks is
reported t' the Comptroller from time to tipe, as
a.e may direct, and from these reports the question
of freq en oealiatlon la determined. At
titmea I bee ec sary for the C.'omptroller
to haveq o at m "nre In order to more speediy
ascefrtin 'kOond-, of some of the banka.11
lo nam t. rule of regular examination
of State banks, b I force r
"Well, pator to 1194 there wre. comparatively
speakitc, only a few State banks and I am advised
that th were examined only a the return to the
Comptre dictated the neoesity for examinal
tion. The Comptrollerh ba now a fixed determl.
nation to continue the regular and systemastle e
amination of all the StatebankW and it Is expect-
ed that the next Leosslature will uphold and
assist hbamIn thia work by the adoption of means
urea that ia'~ under conderation. I am glad to
be able to have an opportunity to say that the
State banks generally are managed in the most
conservative manner and m In a prosperous con-
dition. This I due to their adherence to the
banking hialae pure ad ample, without branch-
Ins out Into speculation, as was the case of the
banking larititatiIn -Philadelphia that lost s cIh
hug.e suI1tbeonging to the people whoee con
denoet.ha& Thelview of the omptoller along
tans Ilaf.e mioot pionuao and depsrters from1
safe batnki methods by any bank are nact ount-
-Then you think, Mr. Croom, that there Is no
danger of anyapch occurrence among the banks of
this IStalgw tht Ph laaeihia tfaluere'
"I do not be deve th't any -eriou trouble could
occur. Of course there might be a failure, but I
think thagetr is very remote nor wod It be-
very-dibarous, a the bsaks are equired to e'
port am are exammied too often Certainly there
could nt be, even proportion, h an co
rence Wasia t Philadelphia because that, was
due to iWhlak ateawtntion for four year,
which left the ofers of the bank, or, In that se
officer, ifee to maOipulate thins so as to make it
possible for them, r him, to make an almost cos m
plete wrek of the bank."

loxamhaaw mfeuetad


t In 190o the total capital stock of ,
t State lanks waa............. $1,0 I 00 t
at in 190 the total capital stoek of "
%9tate Banks waa........... tW*SS.Bl t
t An Inorease In foIr a r f OV R 'IT,
It In 1I0 the surplus fund was....$I W 1,? ?
S1In' 1900 the "I fupus had Was.... .2, I
It An Increase of MORS THAN 100 PIl tINT It
it it 1 4 itt Itt I tH

the basis of successful banking, and the regular
examination of banks contributes largely to that
Following as a list of the State banks, with their
respective branches.

MaIm oMank.L

Quny State Bank Qu y, capital, 60,000.

Bank of Pasoo

County, Dade City, capital,

Vohiusla County Bank, DeLand. capital, $50,000
Brevard County State Bank, Cocoa, capital,
$26,000. 4
Indian River State Bank, Tituaville, capital,
State Bank of Lakeland, Lakeland, capital,
Jefferon County State Bank, Montloello, capl-
tal, $40,000.
Dade County State Bank, West Palm Beach,
capital, 40,000%
Bank of ort PIerce, Fort Pierce, capital,
SState Bak of Orlando, Orlando, capital, $2,0.
State Bank of Florida, Jacksonville, capital
$50,00 ; .. .
COpital City Bank, Tallahassee capital, 00.
Bank of B*y Btoayne, Miami, caplta, (it.
Punta orda Bank, Punta Gorda, capital.
Manatee county State Bank, Palmetto, ap tal,
The Bank of Manatee, Bradentowni I ,
State Bank of Klsialmmee, Kiamlmmee, capital,
Hflltbporogh State Bank, Plant City, capital,
$MtaI Banking Company, Manatee, capital

CitlUens Bank of Perry, Perry, capital, $0000.


4 6"

Bank o! ThYor sty at ,
The Bank of -t, capital,
The Citisena Bank of Jacksonll, saosvik,
capital, $26"000.
mPtsoptBank and Trust (Ca0apw. Js4ka040k

Tho ,ank of t Moy ers, 7 MtKta)t
$60,000E. '
The 8 !k o( Botfay, BooftIay capital,
Th BUak fi 0Cearwate 'ietaj easi:,
$18,000. .
Bank of West Tampa, Wet T'im ap tul
Citizens Bank of Mayo, Mayo, capital, $15,000.
Orlando Bank and Tuist Co., Orlando .apital-
The Ciy"Itii~Ng A*U091 a, PIP
The Chitley B aB. Tanp capita, capO *A"
$ 35,000. .,
The Bank of Neotry, Net capital,
The Suwann- Rivet Bankb W ts soft"#, 4p.
Ital, $16,000.
he DBank of Lake BD rt4:ut t yr
$1,00 *
The DBo~ok 6 Wllliton woo", W'

The BradfordCooubity hak
The State Bank of Apaa
capital, :5,I.0
Mlcanopy D1h5g Pom gagits
$15,000. h
The Bank o f Starke, Stake, ,, W I
ith sen nkt Aekst ofa sm .buft
$26,000. *' 8
tal, $1,




(Sbank c~artorod bY SpeclaAct- *Isl*auas
East Hit~'Wvi~gland t &Is
cap~itl, o W.
Atli iareQ~i

ormol, Saa

CIfiwus State Bank, Mdalaua& capital, $W000. M Ohi t D5Uk1obI b 1 aIbb .
security Book,, leuqncsiot4It,,


Dak D $1l510000 ls.omlal $401 IW: b

II) 4 I In M~
Buek aof Stlao e bandhIros tksill, capita In,

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or .54o :so*, mo.t $go

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l TALLAHAIE. FLORIDA. SEPTE RI 2,,W 05 C".perC Plwer Year


to that pIinciple that has made THE SUN
I t by all, favored by nearly all, and feared by
Ssoo fetw, which ruling principle may be briefly
THE SUN that just now is the right time to tell about
the good fortune that has come our way.
So we introduce THE SUN'S Cartoonist-
Mr. W. W. Carroll-
Inat caricature drawn of himself, by himself-
It will be seen that Mr Carroll prefers to think of him-
melf tA a farmer. Maybe his soul yearns to make two
blades of grass grow where only one grew before.
Maybe, the "Man With THE Hoe" appeals to his im-
But, to us he is the Man With THE Pen, and as such
we introduce him to those favored ones who are SUN
Chariot Riders.
Mr Carroll in Florida born and raised. He belongs to


one of those Middle Florida families that have made the
name of the State honored.
He is Mayor of his native town of Monticello, is
Editor of The Monticello News, and has lately taken up
pecan culture for profit and recreation.
He studied art in the best school in New York, was
classmate with Christy, and co-workers with other artists
who have climbed high up on the ladder of fame.
For years he was one of the staff of the Cleveland
Press, and then the Buffalo Leader. He was head of the
art department of the Cleveland Press when the Scripps-
MeRae League was started with the Press as the chief of
the chain of newspapers, that are now conducted by that
famous organization.
His work is of the bept, and THE SUN congratulates
itself and its friends on the fortune that gave him to us
Those who have asked us who our new cartoonist is, are

~ i4.

~ ~'4-~4, 4


InterestL Talks by THE SUN to the Readers



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St~~abtloqw It* te lanot 41:10 1st' o I

It *O*S4IIt % !E.4 I ti st1

6 T TUMAL vigisane is the price of
S ie, but JuIt as true now as when
S t. was first uttered, and espe lally
Caplioble to the subject matter of
,, this artiole. If your heart s where
your treaure is, every peros .wh owns, or ex*
pects to own a dollar that is entrusted to a bank
for safe keeping should be Interested In the mat-
ter of banks and the safeguards that are thrown
around them in the Interet of patrons of such In-
stitutions. The National Banks are under the
control of the Federal Government, State Banks
of the Statq. Ivent&i t the world, of National
Banks recently, the bank failure in Chioago, the
bank falupre in Kentucky, the failure In Philadel-
phia, w6iJh Involved such enormous sums of
money, ;have led us to make inquiry as to what is
being done among State Banks to prevent loseas
to the 4te oft lorida by reason of similar mis-
A rep.ssentatlve of THE 1UN. with the view of
obtalininl information on this subject, sought Mr.
W .0. Orem, htef ,Olerk In the office of the
ComptWllet, whose duty it is to examine State
and Savigs banks, and'obtained from hid amuch
enlightonmeIt, which is given here for the benefit
of SUN reader I
"Mr. 3r06i," asked the reporter, "under what
law are State banks examined"
"Under bection 219 of the Revised Statutes of
Flordla, waS the reply, which provides for the
examlnaIUo of all banks Incorporated under the
laws of the bCate of Florida. There are now
about seveaty bniks in the State and I am contain.
ually engaged in the examination of them uder
the direction of the Coamptroller, who purposes to
have eaC bank examined at least once each year.
A n pmbr have een examined several times dur-
Ing that piod. The condition of the banks i to
repo* 4 to the Colmptrolle from time to Utne, as
&.e may diret, and from these reports the question
of freq cy of epa nation is determlted. At
times it hai bee'n eoisary for the Comptroller
to ha ve to In order to more peedly
ascertin eof some of the
Hoa lonraitle of regular examination
of State baksW be I force?',
"Well, prior to 104 there were, comparatively
speakMt, oly a few State.baks and I am advised
that th e were examined only as the returns to the
Comptrlle indicated ,the neoessuiy for examina-
tion. T ,omptllr er has. now a fixed determ-
natio, i ofatinue the rsgul and systIpatie ex
aminatlon ot all the State banke and It tI expect
ed that the next Legislature will uphold, and
assist him in this work by the adoption of means.
ures that ar 'under conslderaton. I am glad to
be able to have as opportunity to say that the
State banks generally are managed in the most
conservative manner and are In a prosperous cof*
edition. Thi O,' due .to their adherence to the
banking b1le8 e pure and simple without branch-
ing out Into speculation, as was the case of the
banking IlUtOiaWIJn Philadelphia that lost such
huge, go b i to he people. whoe GO
eJ ee ptroeralong
tus liae are aiit pronouned sad departures troat
safe banking methods by any bank are ot Count-
"Then you think, Mr. Croom, that there is no
danger of any. Ish occurrence among the banks of.
this SUtl~g that Philaelphia failure"
"I do not believe that any serious trouble cold
occur. Of course there might be a failure, but I
think thdanger tos very remote nor would it be
very dhastous' a. the bake are requbled to
port sad are esamed too often. Certainly tere
could net b bvea in proportion, tuch a8 occr-
rence that In Phfldelpla Ibecause that, wu
due to lack of examination for four years,
which. let the oloes of the beak, or, In that se
o0er, fsee to mailpulate things so as to make it
possible for tIem, Ur him, to make an almost com
plete wreck of the bank."

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Exahaalaas awqueatarnd


In 190 the total capital qtook ef* .. .
4 State o4ake waV ..... .... 1800 OO.
Sin "I twhe total capital stock Of
4Anle n f1ur year of tVI o T .AW .
t In 10O the eurplus fund wa..... 17 4t
i tie 190the epUus fund waS.. ..U, f S
1 An inereaee of MORI THAN 100 PI Nt

the basis of successful banking, and the regular
examination of bank contributes largely to that
Following as a list of the State banks, with their
respective branches.
State Bankse.
Quincy State Bank, Qunlacy, capital, $60,000.

Bank of Pacoo County,

Dade City, capital,

Bank Qo(YThorl CityYor * The Bask of Grat en s Gru4iso, capital,
The CitU s Bank of JackM arW A ll 91
capital, $25 000.
PoopW'O 4k and Trust pkmo
YUl0c0pita3,o01.. J4i' .
The Bank of lt. Myers, Ft NInO iNgIW
$S00.W ,
The Bk*I of Boaltay, 8o0
The bik ofb Clerwatr. ,
Bank of West tampa, W t taope* O.p0al.,

Citisens Bank of Mayo, May o capital p51OO. r
Orlando Bant k and Truit Co., Orlando capital

The OttySv lgs ':
The dty Bn"Rima Bank""ft *ap.Oal. tywso. I'
.JS& p chlr5ly 1a*. Cb~w wqv,^

Ital, $16,000.

The Bank of Wlletof WAig om ph

*8 Boo ak OR Sfor i.

$ 0
The Bradford'Covunty Batftj %
$25,000. ; ,, .,,* -. ; *

ThPoState Dank of AnfI e Maacbrdpoe.
ox !13 00(0 ONO$i^
The Bank of Starke, 8ta*tG* o ultl PU1M o. '
Citioens Bask of 5AbubttijLeeturc oap$W
lank, ^k a: o sfiit~*g'~ 1i,
*: KIM#.
SavIg1 Sl^.lkl4,' :

v olasia County Bank, DeLand, capital, $50,0004
Brevard County State Bank, Cocoa, capital,
Indian River State Bank, Titusville, capital,
State Bank of Lakeland, Lakeland, capital,
$15,000. t
Jeffterson County State Bank, Monticello, capi-
tal, $40,000.
Dade County State Bank, West Palm Beach,
capital, $40,000
Ban. of Fort Pierce, Fort Pierce, capital,
SStat Bank of Orlando, Orlando, capital, $, 000.
State Bank of lorida, Jaoksonvlle, capital,
$50,000, 4
Capital City Bank, Tallahassee, capital, $50,000.
Bank of Bay ti90 6A te, Miami, capital, $It2O.
Punts 0or9a Bak, Punts Qorda, cIjaital,
Manatee county State Bank, Palmetto, capital
$16,000. ,
The Bank of Manatee, Bradentown, "'N
State Bank of Klssimmee, Kissimmee, capital,
Hiliborough State Bank, Plant City, espital,

Mnatee' Banking Company, Manatee, caital,
,000. at Pe
Cittoens Bank of Perry, perry, capital, (10A00.

iftisnsi State Bank, Marana, capital, $.0,00. '
PlaS Security Bank, Jen, aoital -

f aon"I ,thm
prHigh Apria 0 Bank. gh Sprg capital,

Bank of reat Coe Spoig aree, Q0 1th te, aI
Spri.a Ae pi tal, 16000. .. '" In 1l0etot
-60, I.Anl 0iS*"=
Bak of Don AeoA, Deand, -* opitals, in 1,a
Bank of Ahabas, Alakda, ,ap.tal, (16,00.k In -, Itvv

The Bank of Japer, Jaopet, oapa. t

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S~pea~tOr 22, 1006


4009it wce h met with a "stlng-
S the lng patient public and the
reofulnese of the prevention of the fasoiata'i
aImmenasey mimlmsed the danger
o Fet Jack ever even making Its appearance.
And now a new battle cry is heard through
the land,
"BeWare of the Musea domestical
PFo It is erealted with the accomplishment of
most deadly work.
MANY DEADLY DISEASES and as a harvester
of the human rae Is credited with a record of
being the killer of tens oa thousands of persons in
the United Stites every year.
"Dpea't seem possible' said the man on the
train t While n conversation with the writer.
"TTis" was my laconic reply and as good for-
tune would baye It, there was present such emi-
aent authority as Dr. J. Y. Porter, Stafe Health
Oacer, and my statement was corroborated.
The aublect had been Introduced most apropos,
as Dr. Porter was then en route to his neadquar-
te, at Jacksonville after an Inspection trip to
Penaaeola, wane he went to investigate the sey.v
eral o"es of typhoid fever and to trace the source
from which the germsom originated.
It was neither through the water nor the milk
Follong thi statement Dr. Porter spoke most
Ilterestngly Of the dAlases conveyed by insects
and with "PUIAL EMPHASIS on the SUPPRES-
SION of these diseases
Wrtitag fromi the memory of our conversation,
Dr. Porter is quoted to say:
"If yo live near a stable or In it's vicinity-
BIWARE., The stable may be looked upon and
conaldered as the open contuiuo'**performance In-
cubator of diease-carrying flies.
"I thee Inoubators flies are permitted to
by the BILLIONS, simply through the
neglect of the easiest precautions. It is estima-
td that per cent. of all the house-flies are
hatched la plias of droppings in, and about the
places where hore are kept
"Hatched, the bouse-fly is ready for the battle
for Its exstenae. From the stable It soars to sur-
roundings that attract it These are almost inva-
riably the ktwhen and the dining. Freesh from
the filth that produced It, It seeks the food which
may happen to be exposed in the pantry about the
kitchen or even that spread temptingly on the
dining table.
"Why people will not SAFP GUARD against the
fy-by means of complete aoreoing of their
homee-juat on general prineples is hard to un-
derstand, but it Is noonceivable why they will
have kitchens, pantries and dining rooms without
and the filthy, diseasecarryng and disease-breed-
Ing habit of the fly."
As to what else must be done in addition to the
screening of the house, there are many things.
Talk 9A and thlr danger so as to arouse the
human ttg att aait the Musoa do.
meetlca. tral only those dealers of food
products who kep their food-for-sale well soreen-
ed or free from files by stronea air currents from
electric tanl Get the movement started by which
the oWners of livery table, private stables and
darie will be compelled to properly care for the
manure so that thet e a be no breeding of flies.
There are three wholesale and effective means
available The spee tos trifling and the 'work
Involved but amalL
To quickly ad rely kill every one of the Im-
mature Inect a etOv method is to aprinkleo
the horsedropl twice a week with kerosene.
All the stable bhar to be taught sto carefully
and thoroughly M the ontet of a coaon
spilaking can filled with kenomeae
Another cure would be the enforcement of a
regulation by which every owner of a stable would
be compelled to have all drop put Into a
rain proof pit or b, so provided that uies could
neither get Into nor out of this bin. Then, with
the oontenta removed at stated Intervals and In
doesed carriers, there could be no possible breed-
iU another way to facilitate the reduction of
the number of fiee-It not their total exatction-
would be the placing of saucers of poisooned water
f la the Immediate vicinity of the manure heapt of
^l .asu PraoUcally all the fles hatched would
.iMthin e n fly does-and uaitigly Mo-when
lBor from Ita natural Incubator, the manure


ITyphoid fever ad. Ot.XfP
eases-# ecedsty for War
on House Pests.

Ordinary Care Will Exterminate

plle. is to hunt for a drink. Therefore these sau-
cers of poisoned water conveniently at hand
will do the business of house fly extermination.
When it Is realized that the destruction of hu-
man lives by typhoid fever alone can be greatly
reduced, there is every reason why EVERY
READER of this article in THE SUN should take
part in an active warfare against the Muses do.
When It is further THOROUGHLY UNDER-
STOOD by the public that In addition to typhoid
fever, the other most prominent of the infections
conveyed by the fly are: Cholera and tubercu-
losis and also that of diptheria, the plague and
leprosy have been traced to this source, then it is
time to act along the line suggested by the poet.
It will hardly be necessary to picture to the
readers some of the habits of the fly. It would be
a disagreeable recital, for it is a subject altogether
to unpleasant to contemplate. And yet the atti-
tude of the public to brush aside this thought is
what is really responsible for the condition.
"If people would only think of the repulsiveness
of the common house-fly," was the recent remark
of a vigilant housekeeper who fights them, "we
would form a crusade of earnest workers which
would mean the' end of the fly. If they would
THINK IT OUT, how and where the fly is incu-
bated; of its devious travels, and then of its per-
sistency to THEREAFTER travel SEVERAL
we intend to, and DO EAT, why then, if people
will think this all out, I am sure decisive meas-
ures will be taken to rid humanity of this pest,
and pest in its fullest sense and meaning is the
correct word for the common house-fly."
In Pensacola the vigilance and employment of
means to prevent the breeding of mosquitoes has
had its good effect. MOSQUITOES ARE SCARCE.
The same should be said of every community
and particularly in regard to flies. It was the
Spanish-American war with its victims of soldiers
who died from typhoid that brought about that
elaborate series of tests and investigations which
resulted In the definite conclusion and announce-
ment that typhoid and its spread was due entirely
to the transmission of the germs to food by means
of the ever active Musca domestic or common
house-fly. t
That flies should be tolerated in an enlightened
community seems almost unbelievable, but the
evidence is ENTIRELY THAT WAY. This be-
cause the average person does not think.
"It is only when the damage has been done and
the long, endless days of typhoid fever are at
hand," says another "that the family of the suf-
ferer expends an amount of energy and work; suf-
fers anxiety, care and worry in the extreme and
goes through an ordeal that is terrific, while the
little daily care required in keeping away flies
and exploiting this propaganda would have
saved them and others from disease so uniformly
"It will only be then, when the public at large
Is awakened to the full realization of the FLY-
DANGER," says still another, "that the extermi-
nation of the fly will become a reality.
"I know of no better way to bring home this
matter," continued the speaker, "than to let peo-
ple get into the way of thinking along one line and
that is this:
"Whenever you see a fly let your questioning
thought be:
"It the average mind will conceive the many
FAVORITE alighting places of the fly, there can
be no doubt but that such a thinker will be soon
doing his share to eliminate the danger."
The simple fact is that the fly Is not merely a
simply annoyance-as commonly and universally
accepted-but a menace and that we are bothered
and annoyed by them simply because we choose
to be so subjected.
"One stable," It has been asserted, "will supply
a whole neighborhood with flies throughout the
Why will the people put up with such a horrid,
dangerous condition when they can be rid of it?
First-Because it costs so much to screen a




house., (But the s,0kt=( a g0_ o tyq W id fever
and its too often end In .eath, I0O not ccnsldereoL)
Second-Becamuse 00* th lWta fly
REALLY IS, ts los !gt l 0t m entirely.
Third--eoause. s om., UpoA.,o. kitch-
ens (always In the rea of he oe )to be adja-
cent to private stables located -In t rear of the
lot back of our lot, .
Fourth-Because the easy, inexpensive and
practical method of deciminating the fies in their
natural incubator is not, eqfemredby ojiuanoe or
law and thus the principal source of the trouble
Fifth-Because people will pitro*ise sellers of
food that Is overrun by flies Ln swars.
The gravest danger lies In the fact that qven in
the homes food in course of plfparatioa; food
exposed before it is placed on the table, and even
food on the table, is allowed to 'be Ihfested with
flies. The whole condition is before the eyes of
those about the table and yet this food la eaten.
In conclusion the following from the Journal of
American Medical Association, reprinted In "Flor-
ida Health Notes," Issued monthly by the State
Board of Health, is in point:
"The recent stress which has been laid on alim-
entary infection in tuberculosis should lead to a
more careful consideration of the mean by which
tubercle bacilli may reach the alimentary canal.
The recent studies of Lord show that the ubiquit-
ous fly may play an Impoitant part in alimentary
transmission. The bacilli not only pass the ali-
mentary canal of the fly unchanged, but undergo a
marked proliferation there.
"Fly specks may contain as many as 5,000
bacilli, and, according to Lord's computations,
thirty infected flies may deposit'within three days
from 6,000,000 to 10,000,000 tubercle bacilli. The
danger does not seem to be from the liberation of
bacilli in the air, but from the deposition of the
fly specks on food. That this can and does occur
under certain circumstances was #abpdautly dem-
onstrated by our experience with typhoid fever
during the Spanish-Amerloan war.
"We should bear in mind the possibility of in-
fection by the fly and be much more strict than
we are at present in the disposition of sputum
and in the protection of food-stuffs, and this refers
particularly to the summer months."
And the following from The Healthy Home, also
printed In Florida Health Notes:
"Flies are looked upon in general as simply an
annoyance. The cleanly housewife endeavors to
keep them out of the dwelling, but the men folks
frequently fall to sympathize in the effort and
leave the doors and screens open.
"It has been learned now that the presence of
the fly Is not simply an annoyance but a real
meanace to the home because he brings Infection
from a distance. This fact has long been sus-
pected, but has recently been p -toed.
"It has been noticed by Dr. Hayward, bacterol-
ogist, and other observers, that the fliea flocked in
numbers about the cuspidor of those suffering
from pulmonary tuberculosis. A fly speak Is a
trivial thing apparently, but careful examnation
proved that the "specks" from these flies were full
of tubercular bacilli. As a consequence of their
presence, the bacilli of this horrid disease were
scattered everywhere.
"Flies Imprisoned and fed on tuberculr sputum
died in two or three days after the infectious ma-
terial was introduced. Other flies likewise con-
fined and fed on milk lived from eight to ten days.
The "specks" or feces of these flies wre rubbed
up with sterile water and Injected Into ginesa
pigs, and the pigs developed genuine cases of oon.
"These facts Indicate the importance of sup-
pressing the ordinary house fly. Theuae of
screens, of fly poisons, and especially the .dealng
up of all sources of infection where flies congre
gate, are among the practical measure for getting
rid of this danger."

The Gulf Coast Fair.

The premium lists of the Gull Coast Fair which
will be held at DeFunlak Spraings from October
31st to November 3rd, are out and show that every
department of agricultural industry is covered. It
has been the purpose of the promoters of this
fair ever since its inoeption, seven years ago, to
make it an educational institution, rather than to
follow the more modern plan of making the main
attraction in the nature of shows, and It is Claimed
that much of the remarkable progress ture
has made In that secuon of the ftato idue to
the Inspiration of this fair.
The oldasdonod faoddler's coet Is ati ting
attention from all over that eaa
will be well worth to o e, ol ,the
w g to e ecrtaryf

''*S(~" ~.&*~, .J4~


)ppa~r 23, 4106


To. Is: Oheap-c-J*id s

=TAIN men who will,
4e.v t of a been
r ty term, be deaigna-
Sted as "the opposite
tiode to" te Weat project of
cadidte toward's, which
Gov9enr Broward has been
endeaorilng to turn Into a
reality., this project being
known as the drainage of the
verglades, have used many
argument against the propo-
tioon. There are constantly
abandoning old arguments
and scaring up new ones.
One of the arguments which
they osed with great insist-
ence was, that the lands
would be valueless when
drained; that certain por-
tions of the Everglades only,
and a very small portion of
them at most, were good,
thes- being the portions to
the north and east of Lake
Okeehobee. This organized
opposition included the vast
area to the south of Lake
Okeechobee under the com-
mon delgnation of "worth-
less muand composed of decay-
ed vegetable matter which
would dry in the sun when
drained, and burn up."
There was a certain Liter-
ary Bureau established in
Jacksonville, which is re-
ported to be out of business
at this time, but which was
very active several months
ago, and continued active tor
three or four months, which
spent much time and money
in circulating literature
against the drainage of the
Everglades project and devo-
ted a considerable portion of
this literature to the exploita-
tion of the idea that the lands
were valueleps and that it
was, therefore, unjust and im-
proper to tax those holdihg
them, for purposes of recla-
mation s the operation of
the drae law paused by
the last LegIslatue would
do. Three entlemen, nam-
ed respectively Welsh, Wis-
ner rand oIanle, the last be.
lng the son of Dr. L'Bnale of
Jacksonville, were, not with-
out strong reasons for it,
credited with the formation
and maintenance of the Jack-
sonville Literary Bureau.
These were the gentlemen
who came up to Tallahassee
during the last session of the
Legislature, and tried to put
up a little job on Governor
Broward in the shapeof an
amendment, which had al-
read bee turned down by
the attorneys of the Trustees
when shown to them, which
it adopted would have killed
the drainage act. These three
gentlemen and Mr. Oran-
ford, Mr. Coachman and some others,
mpose whatIs known as the Wisner
Land Company. .The company owns
nearly a million acres of land in the
State, a al4erable part of which
lies in the proposed drainage district
This company, and the Southeran
States LAnd & Timber Co., are sup.
posed to own the certlbhate Issued to
tue P. & A. R. 3., known now as the
L. A N. By., which amounts to some
770,000 aoer In the Everglades.
The 1tsner Land Co., not yet satis.
led with its holdlage aI tip Iver-
glades, though the oppositos has In.
aseted, with all the energy, tact sad
force of the Bast capable writers their
money eoild employ, that the lands in
the Everglades were wocrthless and It
would be a uaeles expenditure of
mosey to reclaim thm, have gone out
and purchased the artlflate sad
evqn the pea grants of the Florida
Southern Ry. the 4 T. & K. W. fyr.,
Baaway, amountlag to about
5tS.M, acrs or, ere laalusve of rti.
*stes. hall we assept, as their real

6 cA-,. I

mm' I




a qMeJiD

I '~~'

. -I

views, the doctrine preached, or draw
our Inference from their actions, when
reaching our conclusions as to wheth.
er the land In the veNaglades areof
value, are capable of being drained
and reclaimed, or are likely to burn
up if drained? Business men of means
do not invest their wealth in barr
deserts such as Major Abrams would
have you believe the verglade to be,
nor to a vast wamp covered from two
to three feet with water, until they
have made thorough investigation and
obtained reliable, expert evidence
that the water can be easily removed
at a cost that will bring handsome reM
turns for the capital invested and
labor to be performed.
But this s not all About a month
ago the Wiener Lad Co. started an
action in the United Stat"e omt
seeking to retrali the Trustee, who
are esomelo Drainage Oommsls-
e, from selling any of the lands
which they claim under the aa
whi"b they bought fro the
Southern, t T. W.. J.T
0. a a, l te oth ierle a

f- [


I I k 1 I i ,, -. 11 "; V ,I ,." W
roads, and without consulting the vel e and l4 me
Trustees of the Internal I rovement the place seleete tI
Mund as to where they h M a commne dig
selections to supplement the% Jr Ooveu la es
Claimed to be a.e athem nde h lands asked te
above named railroad clailm, of the lower
their own will an oeholIe printed on wa
the lands flST DAmD as for aft
With the nIte Sates Court a e l white pt Aed
their eotce, s sei a
by Mse hoes, o lad i m
amounensg eo aqq uke'p toi fe
od**)to 501 t es t

a the e gives ma. be
When h* rested the Corn.
Sma sub esosaxe keto
the leads by th ecltln gives b e
said bill of cola plant of the said Wie- ap s
Mer land oany tt was
the aurprisetose whohad be
feigthe obiestles to-ths^l e ~^ f~l li
ofga based
theory that they were w 8n! I
of no vale at prent a w be al
wlrtmeti ater -tr aage, t
vhs.o e-S i


jo.*.T ~

. -. '
-" i


I' ~
~ A




* ,.

.t '

t, A

.,,1 1

it '1906

* ,, *~


. .' 1 ,. .


on- Rivers and


s", ventured the reporter, "Mr. Sparkman's
mes to the State I reoognised to such an
t that It might stand in the way of his per-
a*bition, as it has been suggested that he
Sla the House indefinitely for the pur-
f giving Florida representation on this com.

aistin shed Repaububll ChAir
ma f RMYers and radors
Committee f House
Representative Walks
to The Suan

belle, then to Tallahassee. We go to Pensacola
tonight. I don't wish to say anything at this
time, however, about improvements at Apalaohl-
cola or Carrabelle as tuey are still problems for
the future, but I need not nexitate to say that Pen-
aseola has tae finest harbor on your coast. There
is no doubt of rensaoola's future. The considera-
tions that enter into the matter of appropriations
for harbors and rivers are threefold," continued
the Congressman; "we take into account the pres-
ent trafc, the probability of future traffic and the
probable permanency of the work, that is, whether
the channel, or harbor, or whatever it might be,
is of such physical conformation that in the course
of time it will 'fill in' again or whether it is of
such character as to retain the improvements per-
manently. Present traict is an important consid-
eration, future Lraffic not quite so much so be-
cause that is problematic, but where pressing need
can be shown for the immediate future more
weight is given to it."
"The political complexion of the committee has
no bearing, of course, upon its work?"
"None at all. The committee was, until last
winter, composed of 17 members. Then one more
was added to the number, giving us 18. Of these,
because the majority in Congress is Republican,
there are 12 Republican and six Democratic mem-
bers. But the work of this committee is probably
less partisan than that of any other of the House.
We consider every proposition on its merit and
the aim of the committee is to apportion, as evenly
as circumstances will permit, the appropriation for
this purpose. We find Southern members as will-
ing to consider the claims of Northern ports as of
Southern, and the Northern members equally


ready to considrthedtla. ii poth. Now
the district in w erso.
allyr that of the olt 1 es col-n
sider t hNat hMeion at te-aldl t aMiat. Th ,,,
than any other, imphe abt a meem. But
one reason is tnat tM Or4"wt 4 works slowly
alone these lines and me grqat cities will
make their own harbor lt rather than
wait. One city I hae t inhdhiet $,0O00,0oo
for improvements that in other have been
paid for by the National GC rnOe" ft.L This be-
cause the need was great I4 i pressed.
Philadelphia Pa., and Iavais 106 f.ave proba-
bly had more money spest EOSe o tha any other
cities in the country nd yt there have complained
more than others. Their slaO lsb have come
now to be regarded as 'hreole' ad !we don't mind
tnem so much. We have no 11hMhad fast rule to
follow in these matters, aatmalwWOld not be prac-
ticable; we use our best judgment for the good of
the whole country. 'Though there have been
times," and uere tie smule flashd0 out again,
"when I had to apply the rule Of 16 to 1 or, rather,
of 1 to 16, when the ooalltte bad but 17 mern.
bers. A case in point was wh eb m own city was
to be the beneficiary. I thoUgh' the points raised
were improper to be considered and I had to ap-
ply the rule of 1 to 18 agaInst ay own town. But
we mustn't look at anything but the merits of the
case, you know."
"There is very little surcease of labor for this
"Well, we have four hundred projects under
way and each of them must have attention and
supervision. This does not take lato account the
new demands that are oonstatll being made.
Florida occupies a good deal of oulu'ime, on ac-
count of the extent of her oast line.'"
"Floridians think that on eoouat of geographi-
cal position 'lorida is the most Important State in
the Union."
"Yes," was the quick retor., 'from the number
and extent of their demands I can easily believe
tney do think so."
Judge Burton has been a member of the Com-
mittee on Rivers and Harbors eleven years and
its Chairman eight years. His term of service in
Congress will probably be ended only at his own
desire. At any rate no mat will ever render
ifrrjiit service.



Broward Answers Abra

Tampa, Pla., Sept. 17, 1906.

Mr. Claude LBngle,
Sdltoer TTHE SUN.
DemrT r:-I4 will ask space in your valuable
Sppe to reply to a letter which appeared in the
ak onvlille Metropolls of Saturday, Sept 15, writ.
-ten by\the attorney of the Florida Mast Coast
Railroad, in which letter he makes the following
Statement, which purports to be the reply to a let-
ter written by me to the Pensaoola Journal, which
' letter I wrote In answer to a question raised by
Mr. Beard.
The aforesaid attorney of the Florida East Coast
i Railroad proceeds as follows: "The Constitution
of the State of Florida was adopted in 1885, and
A did not go into effect until Jan. 1. 1887. Before
this Constitution was adopted the land grants
were made to the railroad companies, especially
was the land grat to the L & N. IL. Co. made
.h I tO t wlch claim it would
take mostof the inds still held by the Trustees."
.eotioa 10 of Article 1 of the Constitution of
thw United States forbids any ex-post facto law,
or law impairing the obligation of coptrfsts to be
made. The grant of land by the Legislature of
korh t, the L-& N. X L Co., and also to the
most the other allroad compaeste were made
beforsithe Goaituttma o0 the State of Florida
westfto lsle et.
He argM that it woAld be aessese for the
Governor to etmea that the LegislatWes have
gives away mosw load than the Coatitution
would pelt thm. to rit because thb grants
were made before the oestu o became effec-
tive on Jan. 1, 1W8.
The attorney tam goes ft to eay that the grant
of land to the L. & N X. It.: wa made la 181 as
were likewise the grats to the bother railroad corn
ie. except tih Florida m at Coot Railroad.
e then proceeds to a e that as the land grants
to the railroads antdate the adoption of the pre
out Coostuttou, and an the OaiNUtuttil did not
Become effteuv until 1887, that the rats
are legal. In other words he says that the reason
the saiod rats are legal I that they were made
pFor to the a optio of the present Ooutitutton.
wimh require that I per cent. of the poseeds of
arU pMI lands shall 0 to the Schooul Fi. He
trie to make the -mdso that the Oastltu-

tion adopted in 1868 did not contain this provision,
but the fact is that the present Constitution was
taken verbatum from the Constitution of 1868,
which ante-dates tne railroad land grants by at
least twelve years, and if the attorney's views of
the law is sound, then he practically says that
had this provision of the Constitution ante-dated
the land grants, that the Land Grant Act would
be null and voiu. Therefore if the opinion of the
Major is correct, none of the land grants have any
legal value, as the Constitutional provision requir-
ing 25 per cent. of the proceeds of the sales of all
public lands that are now, or may hereafter be
owned by the State, was a part of the Constitution
adopted in 1868, which was many years before the
land grants were made.
He quotes the Constitution of the United States
in support of his contention to the effect that no
law shall ever be enacted abrogating the obliga.
tion of contracts. As the Major is right in his
Quotation from the Constitution of the United
States, it is evident that the position of the Trus-
tees is correct and should prevent him from ask-
ing such questions as: Did the Jennings admin-
istration, or has the Broward administration,
placed In the School Fund 25 per cent. of the sales
of swamp and overflowed lands, as it is a fact that
the acts of the Legislature created the Trustees
and the Internal Improvement Fund, defining the
duties of the Trustees and ranting to them all
the public lands saving only the alternate section
within 6 miles. was enacted by the lgislature
dated Jan. 6, 1856, which was ten years before the
adoption of the 1868 Constitution. which act re-
quires the Trustees to drain and reclaim land,
and to endorse the bonds of three certain rail-
roads, and to sell lands, Invest the money, enoour-
are actual settlement. Not to endorse any bonds
after eight years, etc. Therefore if the Major is
right the Trustees are not called upon to place in
the Sehool Fund any part of the sale of land until
after all the work of reclaiming has been done and
all other obligations have been completed. Then
all of the residue of the lands should be placed
The Major says that the railroad land pants are
legal because they were made before the adopt.
tion of the 1885 Constitution, which contains the
provision quoted. Then I would Nay that -sImce



it is a fact that the very same provision was con-
tained in the 1869 Constitution At shows clearly
that the land grants are not valid. Will also say
that as the Internal Improvement Fund and Trus-
tees were created twelve yearn before the adop-
tion of the 1868 Constitution, thea that the provis-
on mounted by the Major'from the Constitution of
the United States that no ex post fact law or law
impairing the obligation of contracts shall ever be
made applies to the case of the .-rustteee with
great force, out does not at all support the conten-
tion of the Major. Respectfully,

Desecration of Honored Name.

Tallahassee, P., Sept. 8, 1906.
Claude L'Engle, laq.,
Editor of THE SUN.
Dear Sir:-As a Southern man and as a Confed-
erate soldier. I wish to enter my protest against
the publication, in Southern newspapers at least,
of the advertisement, which I que ain Prt:
was the greatest Genera, the world
has ever known. Ballat'e Snow
Lniment is the greatest itmeent.
Quickly eures all agns. It' i within
the reach of all.
The use of the name ot Gea. RtobeMt Lee, as a
catch line for the tarthera ee o ayW enterprise
for personal gain, is unwarratted a desecra-
tion of a name thkt is a aymbol of Et tlen-
ship, of purity of haraer ad o purpose.
It is one that a sense of common p it should
protect against such profaatioa ut iut sense
is lacking, public sentiment ftosl', Iapress by
emphatic expression of its dlsapproal 4nd in such
terms as to ompel the withdraol of ,al such ob-
jetionable lines for all tlme. W 'WB. e oatd yet
reached the point in eommiWarlts: tMti we are
willing to use, or to allow to be 4, te Same of
any of our heroes as a trade Sh1bo8 e .
Your mtto, 'Itf it is right, we w *t," moves
me to address you thisd eommr b.
Yom tmtny *b Iov
oLI ~t r~N




S-S"il- h ol e to ,e-._n e te ,0e oK d ,,. .. I__on ... ,,^

stIB a Lrtouhees for Chemey V e p y1
* thf th1 eol losE LJoamRi 1 w4(|ove r*
Sa and Irivate In
..... a ho ser ifeltenit, ( o.yright. lW, y w 9 Ch W.) ,
and n he decided to r came n and presented the colonel I don't kno what ae IS I e I don't

o .sr. eme wor _e _s b met tefo? sn. L o Cheney had mo f "..,

Tho nsr pt buurassou hs- fprdtoat faith an o as ar mobersan.o we lt a Me .* r it. a t i "
2te eLow si astaerted the 'OpenU bir aead. was *o 4 Jth 6irt as hat t e I f
worasin 3soanita l l wia had him ftnd out whoat orSP loong I kw ooe*4 S3,
as id oustattoelit.he otoor0 .-y Wutond4he ouift
t iOenl he a oe a o he could ut e F ea l client before he Y 1o ,p a oW 3-c-i, Ir
ee elayrge oa thae oot the Inner sanctuary of the I a da taestm 0 h e

olls oSnead u o adt yosuty pr'tot bc goo loe n',l we ll deshsme a H IrtodoMr ao sl io e ollt he 0.

oy Iwore oat my dlal oashe tooe frm frosiet." arl d ome Areoate wome -ound .
aThh oroat igvee r postione appiSta brace of heSa money, a foordnt at b Raa l
aInthe or hele and iste1 dth S-e t'seo isf mtroublekuntel." wJb ""nll tao gVqrth@tio ,
"Cheney cmte d.Sonemao CSntioy oman trouble,'h Jefr' Bil Charly ad b'mouht me u, The 'I. ". ^
lwith headqewar ters Io ho ad Ion inee llye d hCheney m, lnwe Inptto o4 ll sa.i o._.. .the i ty llod
ben yte hed oaad birnh hoi. abi el you see, Waoo he'i moihty unor. The old fa i wa poortn to a o,- .-,'
countryatothe otaer.s o, ut st oeto one d o rmrele a Theon eo bh rs ,h wrten, RO o S..., dTg
re epondenta in the telIa'oapital otbr"ak eyesan' always ro lls ae ea d dtlae mid the hs, b .d. t e ooet e o
Sof.uroeand manopomfy S etookarhinosidegteBuhve noe me h,1. I ,wa gtrest. t,
and hlo, op vers far beyond theu oa ae e/ h would he ron wr edi .d StltahY tbeirt ly bktm rodmairhTa s hs
wones he i his nted Ao the Wsith rtde toine sie Isd oei 'bi n tru e ol- rte 5 l rit lo Ithl wohn r o s unAl he2l ,
nt and veral ot ond uion hy .n w aysork. J seffdt whnratlybpree wted ho tbr wekbs ap. oarehn oh,-es smT e
yed witH and ui m husi dug lto ability aio a njstdthid Mr. one aborblip of 9e9t ot wa od antk ud yr- low, fd. Ioed AW
tovernmental service. Other brhleiant lug pasion was hir admiration tor but the words teeon il a wrottnw to aInoa the h
wmh rere attracted pto tet oorkand eol. chndy and It ah tunnel" had delae imni e hand read ast ol. it..,.v, ,a
ntey had th ery ,and o hte metfdett e ,wa a arin he A r deatreo Iawold hve he. "Mr. awel : bt bhy of. sfnw lS.

work In ho hand. At thi m he 114 It, and woe betide anyone who of respetble lareet who are .nietol d
way. I_ years old and In e.ery way a. tied ftheo h satsld lha lef, poordtoubnifed. l up. We areblea ith. I ent t.-tss you -
ture favored him. Though had left Wl you ut have Mr. Farewell for the west o a and Ae our. 7e5. T iM wuldo "
the serl e of the United State, he it the outer odoe for a few mlnp tunes. Whene we do we tll ll d tor sU even to allow the fo I
waer t called upon to consult oir ute. n I ring wofhen I want you to on him. Here s two ol and hon Sted t her

work out many dicult cases for the brinE h, pin." and aa m pe I ttes Kr w.l be srent O. ,S... S .
tathe, war, navy and portolce deoth iPa tnhieo emad nt deferential Be, every weekI eI d et hi2- a l, nMdl t *
meit. Money camt e to him plontful o retiring m the res not, choi eate ig rest on yr husb wa s' nsa melss

ly. It was jnbudiciously Invested and COL Cheney fnlslaod hie mall dl. head." Sined hear t-broken mothb "I know thatat. s i
Cheney achievsied IsWepeddn ae on edd hell spIng .- oue y moey read t carefully, laid t e ome
hI head n any degree. rmaHe0p wasmo un.sen s hna a sm all panel tolea rt. .rwell." ut a ok e
always the same quiet oro eothe noisele ly oered. y a clever arn r eu tobed itened le' o Is* e a
taciturn man. Whatever he rdid or rangeme0lt othleehn and la o wa near by and con. t sg'm I1. I
welt. Hoe inted on the eney caed It hilltale and al but one more remittance waa rAe. .
og rules. of conduct from eahi men, ay used it when a stranger w anted oarne three week after came an e.

mhe preached. He wa the general who otok. ls eyeso r hos ek and he was n, th Ied a.on s ..t h s

cones waE uniformly M. Ch esily from sie to side and evry arund a.. ,ved i
often aid: "The detective who never on awhile lookeat hiwatc but gett a m wt
aedwa found onlylstory book* "wa a 11 rI.aid Che I Fwel The a, girls at n
W-llblllty was not clatemed a a aey to hilmelf, "and it I don't bleso krbeS him Istory sW de
te. Of course his work of directLing in here pretty quick, I'll have a rasy called me 'sket Char. iate wI
the silent but sure worklngse of hisl man on my hands." The eoret panel came unbearable ad I struck ott a pr usse
great bureau pre uded as giving was closed and CoL Ohene touched a myeltu Th-e oa, ink I innhad btwe ,
mok personal attention to any pahe btt on his dek. A moment later aselt and tom bth was thatote osA S
ular~case. When he did ad bro the oor wa opened and Jeff an your table Agl arwe ll pased,
the work to a successful coat uon onesed: "Mr. krwell," and the vie. wheaey was al .atteoato2
his feeo was always oIqneernaute dltor altered. ,t Strlt westptooots el, sold
with his cllent's atciatl abl to o s CheeU., I belee." blacked boots, w-ed aO---
paw. Many a poor ylw had m0D_ to II4.' Y, s aid Cheney, extending thing to make a livig and a ort
Co. hoe .nd m h ussted le his a "ll Wou't yoaet own"r time later I landed iA Chicago. I AIo"i
by his brains intellect snd moe, Wa i thk yout'emi alesoralw vigor- worked In a real estate oSeel thot thew
too; and whl the reckonong dsy ously shaking the proer hand andi postosmee and finally became a rail- l
Si b pad b a ervs sinki to a. conTenienst w .y mal veeman, i suled d .
wvent "Thank you" or "God bless.. you .hir my ansp.are moments anabed thu some h ti: I fo nd 0 it.
shand, ware thand one client of means a ses tablsde ver sous, and I money, IwvestedS it o, ad .,
har faly gasped when Whe eys bill want hetp" He pansed for a m iy It pw en y r ats. aea p'tse
He believed th@ n~ae and (hesey mny said "yes." Then I wand tepDgtath, e4 a o
ettes shtci be geLin he always allowet his o hent to do the real estate operation, wasaore than
atest the snteqne toal, that p uttei something ta fortunate and today i m worth the"
raciu&nian.W hath shall iver .O wansshows. frwer husmed and greater tao. tre neartey s 0adohis s
Whll He ie satolned h stmlaI head awen ay eaedI at lose for words million lare. I am a member S Mm
tiAmes e alwaysst with whic to espres aelf. Che. several lubs ad seeIles aS
wkownA otHeworA C8was we he wsated a quietiwg sgodrt wedtithoht of 1ardlyi. AsI

ito be cthe slertl dh the oighit, but mewpandh story. he* kaw tto $et to ome. a
colon d a at of drpia9 S must ge bto^ts in the Farwell agant eonatled:
aid-no.wht s t What "oln theseysee" ra aha a desie 33
and t9l91 and ls0rga- Wofem *e t the d*red efr" whre ayjs0, s0 thel6 0e"A.
charge of entire districts oY wn aeb t and rFarwel looked Cheney s o t as ad having e
some74. flSat S- thes e masequare l, thye at said : to th! er utdee of sMtaers .
ofwteni : as t a o d. Men t.eere. I ast e. to flnd Bum t maw dsk hm aau ee *

Chsey. 86ws'Wyas patfictwo. a; ins I do* I everythinglse I -M-* W~ VI-I
Army of the epabile aWda Maa e M OM -dI& MIMwofa S but f my busiess m sh
-hih 4gro. haen't daeyatisoad lamm to
Thus we ad bia h ne morning In "Toefvea'bu*o* snael" ganaedesoluton ofsMem." al bsa MO
the 's attias Ia his private Me Che, r as ama had me well wa
dicta toig m*setary, amd t hat Is this at'?" h sad, read .oldsng oeIn, beck. t
seetrys by tmw e ayw-es, theM "Charles. hae hw- etdy enga I= looked at yUaSy Isai4L
MisN W t wh h r, .."w.u him e athe "ari. *M. t ..h *. 4 ", e,
.ier I. a simiaar cap ;t r i t. s 'ht eo ae 'ad ':' .' hi' : .. .ur asout a w hat "Ie es i
Jef, his faltaM! colored attemisul, tlifepb*41t sU- Ul t 4t I.s

A N,,' '' I -' .',.
,*;, .*.. .. .' ,... :...,ItN.

IN ..





I To








SLitle TubT .IAbout the Pardoning &Boa
It excuse for the frequent treatment on this page of the subject of par-
doning orimlials were needed, I have one ready. It lies in the fact that
three or four newspapers in this State, and one product of a 61 hat engaged
la merchandiing under the form and guise of a newspaper, have, in my
opinion, taken a wrong view of this subject, and by repeated presentation of
this wrong view have exposed the minds of the people to a harmful influence.
B l, no excuse is necessary for a newspaper asking its readers to con-
sider the nation of human government that approaches nearer than any
other to the rule of conduct proscribed by Divine Law.
Thky sins are forgiven thee, go and sin no more," were words that
were used by the Master, and they brought more comfort to those who
hard them, than any others used by Him, for they opened the door of hope
toll the human race, and without hope we are without the joy of life.
Many are the important duties that confront men who are the chosen
servants of the people, and great are the responsibilities thrust upon them.
But the duties and responsibilities that rest on the five men who constitute
the pardoning board of this State, are immeasurable greater than those of
any, other officers.
In them lies the power of life and death, and there is no greater power
vouchsafed to man.
Upon them lies the responsibility for the making or marring of a man's
character, even the saving or destruction of a soul, and this is the highest
resposdbilty known In either human or Divine wisdom.
It Is a rule, almost without exception, that men rise to the level of their
responsibilities, and the men who sit on the Board of Pardons of the State
of Florida, are without doubt keenly alive to and gravely conscious of, the
serious nature of the work they are called on to perform for the good of
Critichm of these men should be carefully considered and just blame for
their weakns should be tempered with mercy.
It has beeomq a habit, which from overindulgence has lapsed into reck-
less raving, with several newspapers to jump on the pardoning board..
Of those who thus rant over the board's alleged short comings, there
may be onOr two Who have at some time attended a session of the pardon-
Ing b eards' the evidence submitted, before loosing their shafts of
censure. BtNOT ONB OF THEM investigates all the cases, he uses as ex-
ample, to ju histy hi orttteIldI
There may have been cases In which the board misused its power to par-
don, and there may be cases In which it failed to use it when it should have
ben used.
I am uot now citing cases. I am trying to lay down a principle. When I
do discuss cases, I will begin only after I am in possession of all the facts
bearing on them.
The principle behind the creation of the pardoning board is sound to the
Punishment of criminals should always be CORRECTIVE, never vindic-
It is the duty of the State to reform its evil possessed citizens, just as it
is Its duty to cure its insane citizens.
There CAN BE no reform accomplished UNLESS THE POWER TO
Much of the criticism that has come to the pardoning board, has been
uadeserved. Its members have been maae to bear the burden of the mis.
take of others.

Instead of the criticism being launched against the pardoning board for
turning men loose, it should have been directed to the judges who sentenced
the prisoners.
Most of the comutations of sentences made by the pardoning board have
been in cases in which the sentence was out of all reason in its harshness,
and entirely disproportionate to the gravity of the crime committed.
Many men who are pardoned now, have already served more years than
they should have received as sentences.
Young men on the bench are prone to harshness, because their judgment
is not ripened. They think it adds to their fame to be known as severe
Have your ever seen a nigger railroaded? I have. And I tell you its
short shift to the pen for his, and the judge gives him what Is known as a
"sockdolager." Then the judge loaks complacently "savagerous:, as he feels
his forehead to see ift his frown is on straight
One of the kind of judges I am describing, prided himself on looking like
Lord Jeffreys, and frowned so much and so deep, that his curly bangs got
pulled out by the roots by getting caught in the furrows of his forehead.
Let those who jump on the pardoning board which turns a man loose
STEALING A POCKET KNIFE, direct their attention to the judges who in-
flict these sentences.
They will then get at the root of the granting of pardons, which they
have improperly magnified into an evil.
THE SUN has no staff of editorial writers as I do all the writing for this
page, as well as for most of the others, the expression of opinion does not
require the "we" vehicle, the "I" being amply sufficient and to the point.
I thought I had made this quite plain in my recent editorial, but I see
one of the State papers will have it that "the reference to the editor in an
editorial as "I" has the effect of leaving the impression that the editor Is "IT"
from the office boy up, and the balance of the staff is practically a noentity."
Yes, you are right for, in the case of THE SUN, "'I" am "IT," EXCLU-
SIVELY as to the editorial page and managerially as to all the others.
I once upon a tilne had to step down and out of the newspaper business
because while I was editor I was "we" ana not "I." In other words I was
not IT.
One such dose was quite sufficient and henceforth my name as editor of
THE SUN, or all other papers I may publish, means that I am IT.
When I do not control absolutely the paper I am connected with, my
name will not appear as editor. If that happens I may be turned into "w."
There is no doubt in the world that Governor Broward I building a polit-
ical machine, the Times-Union to the affirmative nothwitbstan4ing.
This machine will consist of the Governor, the Comptroller, the Attorney
General, the Treasurer and the Commissioner of Agricuiture, ALL SE-
ri t hee ive men, acting as Drainage Commissioners, will be a machine all
right, but the people will run the machine by selecting those to be In charge
of it on b
After I think about the political machine editorials In the ramewsunion,
I am reminded that Broward did not have chae of the thD. T -nbill on
the Legislature of 1901. and the State Insurance bill was not killed beese
it lacked votes, but because Its enemies pulled off a trieLk. Ask Senator
Hunt Harris If this is not so.


I ;


"* .






Wanted,-A Board of ThAk .
Under the system now in operation in this State, the people who live in
it, make, and maintain it, have representatives who are paid to safeguard
their interests so that they may have freedom and happiness.
They have legislators to make laws for them, executives to carry them
out, and judges to interpret and enforce them.
In theory this is an ideal condition. Properly applied and carried out
nothing more qould be asked or desired.
Praoti unfortunately, often upsets theory, and in the case of the goay
ernment of the State, those to whom the people have delegated their inhe-
rent right to rule, have so many MINISTERIAL duties to perform that they
have but little time for the more important ones of INITIATION.
Public servants have to act for the people so much, that they have
scarcely any time to think for them.
This is a buliness age and in business life, details must be carefully
looked after or the business does not prosper. It is with the people's busi-
ness jut as it is with all other business.
High State officers, the Governor and his cabinet, are absorbed with
MANAGING to the practical exclusion of PLANNING.
The Governor does some thinking for the people when he prepares his
biennial message to the Legislature. The cabinet officers do some thinking
for the people when they get out their annual reports. But the relentless
grind of routine matters calls them as the taskmaster does his slaves, and
their minds are soon back into the well worn groove of the plodder.
About the only reliance the people nave for initiatory movements for
their benefit, is the Legislature which meets in sixty day session.very two
Those who have attended sessions of the Legislature know how few
WELL THOUGHT OUT BILLS are presented, and how even these few, are
buried in the avalanche of private bills, special bills, spite bills, strike bills,
fool bills and useless bills, that are presented, pushed and passed at each re-
curring session.
A mediocum of THINKING FOR THE PEOPLE, and a maximum of
thinking for themselves, their friends and their enemies, is the legis-
When Israel ruled the earth, the elders did the thinking for the people.
When Greece was the cradle of liberty the wise men thought and were
ready with their counsels.
When Rome was free, the graybeards of the Senate gave freely of the
product of their gray matter for the good of all.
When liberty was born on American soil, the wisdom of the "Fathers"
was at the service of the sons of freemen.
We of Florida have nothing to correspond to the salutory counsels of
the Elders, the Wise Men, the Graybeards, and the Revolutionary Fathers.
In place of these we have politicians, hungry for spoil, thirsty for per-
sonal advantage and ambitious for place and power.
In heathen Japan, the Elder Statesmen sit, take counsel one with an.
other, and plan for the glory of the nation. Japanese victories in peace and
war attest the wisdom of the plan.
In the State of Wisconsin there has recently been established a Board of
Thinkers, charged with the study of state questions and with the prepara-
tion of plans for their solution.
I have no table of results at hand from which to form an opinion of the
value of this recent plan to the people of Wisconsin, but THE IDEA AP-
I do know that the men composing that Wisconsin board are THINKING
FOR the good of the people. Proof of this can be found among the files in
the executive office of Florida, in the shape of a letter of inquiry from this
board, about the State insurance proposition which was in the Governor's
message, and before the last Florida Legislature.




- ~-


FbkLOw XTh- Cx.


W I/


(.4~ 4


PF. r-


* 4 ,. It
.4 4 4.04 I,'

4' -. ~V '~

4 ,
4 ;44 -~


I ,


1 0.. '.on ,,,mo

Te ShedaDa
of their substance fo fin *uppo ar enttled to B&tr', i binial
thought or two about their welfare..., .
They u ave men thinking about them Al- AX ho
r% PAID W iNK, and4 to do 0othlng esbtt, M t.. i
A Borhd o Thinkers Is needed in Ilorida, in der thte
have the beit there s In, governmental policy, made perhet bte
law patrlotlcally adminlteted. ,
Let'u have a Board of Thlikers' and let us pay them.l' .. ,
As a suggestion I o6fer-"
Former Governors as a Board of Thinkers, with commensurate 0a0ry.

18i Different Amonw bdend.
In a three line paragraph the Timep-Union asks 1 Droward is traveling
on railroad passes, or is using the money belonging to the I, I'und.
This paper does not ask this for information, beqoa ,toan set the facts
about the passes direct from headquarters by asklnri ts owners, the three
principal railway systems in this State, and a demap4 n ,the eretary of
the I. I. Board would bring forth an itemised statement fh* ezpe"diturea.
The Times-Union asks the question because it seeks to polson the minds
of the people against the present Governor, by raising a suspicion about his
Such questions as this are not only libellous, but scandalous and cow.
ardly In,the extreme, in that they assume the guise of safeguarding the pub.
lic, to conceal the venom they carry.
This question reminds me of another one that was asked by a New York
newspaper during the American-Spanish war, which met with the scornful
rebuke It deserved. g u
I remember how the jast indignation of all dbeent people was directed
against the New York Journal which printed the question, "Did The Senator
Steal The Bacon."
I remember also how the Times-Union emptied the vials of its wrath on
the head of the conscienceless Holland whose lying affidavit for which he re-
ceived his thirty pieces of silver, was a foul slander on, the character of one
of our honest public servants holding a high and honorable position of trust.
And, then I remember that the Times-Unton asked that question about
the Governor, and remembering all things about the Times-Union, I wonder
how long the people will stand it, how many people believe it, how many re.
aspect It.
"We," the editor of the Live Oak Democrat, in an editorial-in style
smacking of Boston Baked Beans--takes to task the editor of the Madison
New Enterprise by the presentation of his brother editor to the public as a
member of the "obfuscated class."
This because the editor of the New Enterprise "frankly says that the
more he reads about the drainage scheme the less he knows about it," and
the Democrat editorial then facetiously calls for "light, more light!"
That is the point "LIGHT."
Let the editor get light or let him get out.
The editor who is "obfuscated" on a question that interests the common
people has no business in the editorial' hair'or at the editorial desk or at the
end of the editorial pencil.
Let the publication have some one bossing It who does know facts, con.
editions and situations, especially on a question of great importance to the
people, whether It be relative to goo.l roads, drainage of the Everglades or
any other subject. .
The editor must not only practically know about things that Interest the
people generally, but he must hunt up and study them po as to give his read.
ere correct and thorough information.
I hope the "obfuscated" class of editors In Florida will g8ow less.



.~4i4 j



4 '~*.4






- ~



an oppor-
r Broward
lth inst.
the ver-
mpa paper
a %4 and
Ins to the

Wherever Governor Sroward has made speeoohes
on this subeot he has been listed to with the
closest ateaionu, and Tampa was no exception to
what bha become the rule. In every section of
the tate the people are eeklng light on the quee-
tio, Malising that It is a matter of paramount
portaae to them, and each time they have
eadthe argument advanced by the Governor
they Have become converts to his propdeltlon.
Before the adjournment of the meeting in
Tampa senatorr James R. Crane moved that a res
olation supporting the Governor in the proposi-


Speaks to Ethusiastc M tin In
South Florida tnwo-te-
lotion Indorsint Dralute
Passed In Tampa

tion and favoring the passage of the constitu-
tional amendment be adopted. The motion was
seconded and unanimously carried.
After the speech many of the citizens offered
congratulations to the Governor and it was evident
that he had made many converts. The resolution
adopted follows:I
Whereas, The citizens of Florida, will at the next
election in November, be called upon to vote on a
Constitutional Amendment providing for the es-


tablishment of a D0oar@i'of ig Commission.
ere, defining their power rs! # duties; thl before
be it
Reolved. By the s U91 HUlsborougli (oun.
ty. in meeanr Maes. i.e City ot rilpa,
toat we favor said4 t ito3A t and urge our fel.
low-cltises to use t r Oe to secuir. its
adoption. We bellq I in the drainage
proposition, as set tl .r Beor toward,
and pledge ourselv.t to loyally by hihi, in
his efforts to sooare tuhis ,
The following is froi 6 letter from ll-ltow,
which says a good t ?wy tew words:
"Some two or three hutdN people failed t o get
into our court hose last night to hear the CGover.
nor'as speech "
From other towns along the route now ining
traveled by Governor Broward in his effort to get
information before the People we have adviccs of
"splendid meetings everywhere."




(Continued From Page Seven.)

portent to him at the Russell house,
Detrolt. A suit case was all the bag-
go he carried, and at 11 that night
e was in Detriot. The next day he
took a train to London, Ont., and from
there another train carried him up a
branch road to Exmoor. It was a
straggling little Canadian village in.
the midst of a rather rich farming
country, and did not look very prepos-
sessing. Cheney quietly set to work,
and before night located Mrs. Far,
well, wife of the man that had raised
"Basket Charley." She was quite old
and feeble, but kindly smiled when
Cheney mentioned "Basket Charley."
"Oh, yes, I remember him," she said,
in a querulous voice. "He was a
bright little fellow, and we all liked
him. We had hard plokin' to get
along, but pa," her voice was remalni
oently sweet as she pronounced the
affectionate name by which her hus.
band was known, "Pa had a big fam-
ily to support, and did the best he
"I've been comfortable since Char-
ley grew up, though, because he takes
care of me since he's been able to."
Farewell had not mentioned this fact
to COhney, and it increased his re-
spect for the young man.
"Mrs. barwell," he replied, "did you
or your husband ever have any Idea
as to who were the parents of 'Basket
Charley "1
"No, sir, I can't say that we bad.
There was a note planed to his cloth-
"Yes, I know that," Interrupted
Cheney. "I have it here."
"There was a family living near at
tue time, Reyburn by name. There
were two girls, one of them, Maggle,
disappeared a year before 'Charley'
was left with us. Sometime I've
thought paybe they knew something
about the ease. Once I asked the
other sister, Jane, where Maggie was,
and she frose up and alid she didn't
know. That was all. Jane Reybeur
Is marrd and lives ia Chatnam now.
"What is her name?" asked Cheey,

Her husband in

Itw l a slight clew, but It was
v imso -heMey bair
b tMrs w ol db and left. I sIM
he Invite ar as possible the
Ierym fr ily. There had been the
father and two daughters, ad. thew
had lived on a small farm near' b
moor. When they frt there
everything was pleasant, but the*
kept pretty much to themselves. Ol
boy about 14 years of a did 4 ore
about the place and helped Mr. Re
bum. This boy's name was BRo
Belcher. Of the two girls Maggie was
the best looking. As one old ettlet
put it: "She was quite comely, and
acted as if she was better than other
girls. She received letters from aibr
(everyone in the small commualty
know every one's buainesa especially

the garrulous postmaster) "and every
once in awhile she went to Detriot to
visit friends." This old settler was
prolific of Information.
"Did you ever hear of 'Basket Char-
leyf'" asked Cheney.
"What, Farwell's foundling? Oh yes,
I remember him well."
"Ever have any idea how he became!
Farwell's foundling?"
"No; but I've suspicioned several
times that the Reyburns knew some.
thing about it. You see, a year before
Charley was found Maggie Reyburn
left home for good. Old man Reyburn
failed and died. Jane tried to run
the place, but didn't succeed. She
wasn't very sociable, and no one ever
went there. She and the boy were
all there were about the place. They
left one night, just the day before
Charley was found; the place was
sold and now Jane lives in Chatham.
Maggie, I reckon, is dead."
"Yes, but this boy-Belcher, I be-
lieve his name lis-where did he come
from, and what became of him?"
"God knows, stranger. I've heard he
was an illegitimate child, came from
Montreal. Lately I've heard he was
a Seventh Day Adventist preacher in
Illinois. Palvo, I think, is the place."
The story of the Reyburns interest-
ed Cheney; the two girl, one comely,
her receiving letters, visiting Detroit
at times, then disappearing a year be-
fore "Basket Charley" was found;
then the breaking up of the Reyburn
family, all pointed circumstantially
strong to their knowing something
about the boy. Cheney went to Mon-
treal, found out that Belcher really
was an illegitimate child, as the "old
settler" had said. En route back, he
stopped at Chatham and interviewed
Mrs. Rogers; but a soon as he said
"Basket Charley" she closed up like
, a elam and terminated the interview.
The trail wam warm. Belcher, the
boy, ought to know something. He
. would look him up. Cheney advised
Farewell that progress was being
made, and that he would report more
fully later.
i A day or so after this Cheney was
at Palvo, 111. Belcher was there, and,
i among his sect, was a respectable
iemabr of society. He was married
Sand ad quite a family. It was Pr.
day whea Cheney reached Palvo, and
that day Uad Saturday he spent quiet.
ly Investigating Belcher. He saw him
Soe the street and In the poatoffice, a
I tall, spare-lmbed' man, with raven
black hair and eyes, large hands and
P feet, a thin-lipped, straight mouth,
s and smooth face. It was almost a
Scruel fte. Cheney. went to church
P and heard him away his small congre
Station by his rough eloquence. After
Scorch Cheney went to Rev. Belcher's
I home. The preacher received him
r with severe cordiality, thinking per.
naps, that he was a new convert tc
his beAtekN Oeeey let him think so,
* even lag he bad adMured his ser

mon. In dealing with men, Cheney
was very direct.
"Mr. Belcher," he said, "I've just
returned from a trip through Canada,
and met some friends of yours."'
"Indeed," replied Belcher, wonder-
ing what all this meant.
"Yes. I was at Exmoor investigate.
ing the bitth and parentage of a boy
formerly known as 'Basket Charley.'
I became possessed of the idea that
perhaps you might know something
of him." Cheney was watching him
closely. At the mention of '"Basket
ket Charley,' Rev. Belcher sat bolt
upright in his chair, his lips com-
pressed and eyes dilated.
"You say you were in Montreal;
what-er-whom did you investigate
there?" he gasped.
"Oh," said Cheney, smiling, "I in.
vestigated the birth of one Roy
"And you found out all about him?"
"Yes, and that's why I am here. Your
know the story of 'Basket Charley.'
What is it?"
"No," gasped the preacher. "I don't
I've just heard of him, that's all."
The man's manner convinced Che-
ney he was lying. He did know; he
must be made to tell.
"Would your flock care to know
about your birth?"
"No," thundered Belcher. "No, I
don't want that, not now."
"Then tell me what you know of
'Basket Charley,'" said Cheney. "You
do know something, don't you?"
"Yes, I know, and if you'll promise
not to reveal my identity I'll tell."
"You have my sacred promise," re-
plied Cheney. "Candidly, Mr. Belch.
er, all I want to'do is to establish the
birth of Mr. Farwell. It is simply an
act of justice, anal you as a man of
God should not hesitate to do that.
You preach justice and mercy to your
congregation every Sunday. Exempli.
fy those teachings now by clearing
this mystery. Practice what you
"All right, air, I will. I don't know
you, but you look like a man of your
word." Mr. Belcher settled himself
back and closed his eyes as it think-
ing, and continued:
"I need not speak of my origin, you
know that. When I was 14 I went to
Exmoor and apprenticed with old man
Reyburn. The two girls were totally
unlike. Jane was austere and almost
puritanical in her ideas. Maggie was
the opposite and thought life was
naught but pleasure. Poor girl, it was
her undoing. She visited Detriot once
and while there met a man named
James Eastman. He was of the world
I and she of the country. He wrote her
L frequently and she was very much In
love with him. Mr. Reyburn and
IJane did not approve and said so,
, but Maggie was set in her ways,
couldn't have been moved In any man.
Snr. During one visit to Detroit a
marriage took place. Oh. it was a
r legal marriage, all right" a
, "Thank God for that!" murmured
i heney under his breath murmured
* "Yes," continued Mr. Belcher,
"there's no doubt of the marriage.
, I've seen the certificate. But after
* the marriage tman soon tire of

his country wife. It was the old, old
sotry of neglect and abuse, and finally
desertion. After he left her Maggie
tried to get work but couldn't work
very hard. Things went all wrong
at the farm. Mr. Reyburn died;
Jane couldn't run it, neither could I,
and it was sold. It didn't bring much
money because a mortgage had to be
paid off. The night we were to leave
Maggie came home and brought with
her a baby scarcely three weeks old.
jane was Incensed, and stormed fu.
riously, upbraiding Maggie for her
acts. She finally refused to have any.
thing to do with the child. Oh, it was
awful, that sc6neI" Mr. Belcher shud.
dered at the memoty and resumed.
"Maggie was very ill and the ac.
tions of her sister made her worse.
She was desperate, indeed. I wasn't
much myself, but I was sorry for her,
She came out to the barn where I
was and made me promise before
God that I would try and place her
child with some good family. Then
she would get well and go to work
some place. Her spare earnings
would go to the child and later she
would come and claim him. I promised
and then we cast our minds about for
the proper persons with whom to
leave the baby." Cheney was intense-
ly interested. Beleher's manner was
very earnest and truth was stamped
on every word he uttered.
"Old man Farwell was one of those
dear fine men liked by everybody.
He was poor as a churc- mouse but
always willing to share his crust with
one more unfortunate. He would look
after the boy. Maggie wrapped the
baby up in some warm clothing, wrote
a note-my God, you have it there!"
Interjected the minister noticing the
old faded letter Cheney held towards
him. "Ye, that's It. Bne pinneil it
to the baby's outer garment, inserted
two dollars and a half, and that night
I left the babay on Mr. Farewell's door
step. Bne went without seeing her
sister again; ieft that night. Two
weeks later she di44. That's all, sir,
every word A alio.
"Yes," saidObny, "but tne man,
where is heot Wa he never heard
of afterwards" .
"Heard of? Dams him-da-"'l
himl'" sid "ch', stifiably forget-
ting he was a ; "Yes, he was
heard from. ie hadn't been dead
Sweek beo be aNle to Detroit and
acted as i thing had happened.
Later he went weq, I believe, mar.
ned again and is Bow a respected
member of sodoety.
"Where to the wat; do you know
asked Cheney.
"Califobtnal Why, he's rich, and
his wife Maggie es In an unknown
grave and his boy Is a nameless mnl.i
"Why in God's name didn't Y"o
*speak out if you knew all this?" ti'"
dered Cheney.
"Becae I was weak-weak. Il,
Reyburn was very bitter. She 1,,1l
me promise never to Ma a word
living soul, aia I prj aled. You
wruag it from me, but I am glad.
conscience is easier than it has n
in many a day." That was all.
The next day Cheney was back in
(Containued g pa Thirteen.)



TRW ~ :"(

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CH APt XI-.ontimued. :p
4a Was. the week before Chbrass , b fad o
tha4 t5 Otwr es$, a besL 'ftera !Mt 1or
r p within '- -. ,.
t The were it wo bo hMobe bUR tl
trio mwd ee he n avawM tht n probably laid himU t witho
cam and.'in those dams Ik Ms 9ly.en
knew be b* l rbipe psble fort andt000 4eot
e. 0 rpis.twoleM th.rv was nto It, so hra
butben ohld's plat4; now ( wag 5Qucerned.
them Isla th struggle, and all rgiWA h some
the mites were U malaed within le to ae "for the pitall
him. The fit morning they set out awo f mo I sl tM
two hrrs Pbefnre dawOs wrapp helped hi Into bed aud iAS ibut b nt U e
all I, blaoketio ad togsed upon his idured foot with .od water, and tre ,eep alve on ty dolta a, t.
should* likeaaoak of mealbandth bt14not0to.lthim he 4 y It oi
SSSmjs S.1!w01u .y.S? -, d oau~not to It im o bhar dtmoa; Poy 1.^.)u owltoO wp,.,wepo 3qi. tt
little boybundled nearly out of sight, when the rest came $ome at nighh ouedp
baAngla his bat-n',l. Thwas met them outside d tol them, and mpriSt; or elt e M
a rag st beatinglaI his a.ce, Mad wey, too, put on a cheerful hoe, sy whao t ot-^ WOootlit h
the tirmometer stood below saro; it g-it would only be thr a wk or phuHir 8i WBut r
the snow was never short of his knees two, and that they would pull him come to ael tr whore o0o y hle Alft at as.,tor u
and ta some of the drifts It was near through.thing w d3S clud the food" meats 0.l
ly up to binsarmpits. It would catch had gotten,_ nwto slep .e a wen a t to fl --y-
his feet and try trip him; would When they hadottenibi, to,. TheyWa been "u tomed to frdays

buitel. pn ad anloo bIn h o.hoer, they sa th k lthe. Al re s a grt ofsm by the o t had
bt hio ot d h wa them. more ao d tht t wa ll
ad ea It. las tet a he Both Jonat and.MaUa men ion bAtd st oetoatlts beold-s -m ade fo
abe out a oto the tanh e bS._. "~__ p, M it smoy lavo b~ItO. th 3 t
sad bualo, kngoand snoatng in wit tPla wnl of Oa and th* etra : ha no more food ou' o tw
aeatoel yito th k h ea aptar o the Ittle o. ohere wa than Io e wd ad aa thaade S2SS&
withat daeo mona h owa the t ameet t o ad ano stilsome eaur th*ai ofoo pen l oteo ido
onitt M in no lom o thereWml aa e to tle rto smoky Seaw. t t he now
o t hwo he o h wa k anterlack s coal. It waaa tre h and that iallhSd
Baloonm -eerto letOnasedisa, uary midwinter, an awfti tA t 8
tfor hula aore. Once o twa1 have to face prition. Detrt,0 t 0 le o pgra.
ud -Whn at',alot he came to Duo Doth ons an4M*strO a n fgla Iso.n be o t .nte,,.R,

oloham'st Ihe wand g and almost heapit nug oL w f n, oug to. pay potatomi he waste8p potatooIttil
blnt 1and a lne. htom taon tatre to ft ttbrab 061 v been t WaP @, T
wuI a ylf tao- the t waswe tonly the woaORds of oA towoldh en tbe R tmore food"MIhS

t o oO ttha mhe e id o anh do tthe IIt It_-a h
A o ate o tmhe killing beds mtie ottophy little tdheathe. wa tha a
that da. In, theeveningthe thertstm soe otSI

taing thea, to bmdone again; and furniture kn threwas the 3i *aury U| 11BARd.t iiy ag 1f
SW Ji could not tell what hour Mo. itduesJandoetet month thero,** i m

Ai wm tor tme IBtwe o n pedgtely a ,rt looo deaipyths ae etug
tht hweald wmd get ofbgth a s three days of it In truth. It was al6 hourM
out on te tor before t wa tlly mo t aadd o, wal aslWw -r. -4441 0 4, "
cloed and ght wouanld blat coupon t him, would comea, T tt W ) t
but andthey got home. OntoThen there helple. on hl, b rek. Noe h. t p oT ,a eyo
would be a yel of warnn-the e It wa or all the world ta-she old SItory would have to bla the kitter SiS

would drop emeythin ad dach eor of Pro sIethe.a bound As Jargl lay w J wat, beiae It wh e the ?3
tnere on the floor, and tw e mblin o er came to ohim einmna that be, had wee lle JIla
h other. Thi waa bad enouth.o neoerown Beor tet a a ay he w at
thwork was never grhen a and thole pack. had met arenf with a wel1o heht ?v E

Ihn wter e It was en tou make It wtials, dreadful that man accide
your hair Wtand upo for athe roof n nt tla e. But.uab"ewpt

wold be ao,(uU of stem to when e l totslag a ot, iere te kepa peerh S
wassode aforshehad met the. enemy ths sot, thatsO l o Into a hle A= abou fd t sd
and conerit d and felt himself the have meant sucsffearing The bit.a thenhe Wsould ntahisol

dnot epoflal his nlt on hlrtnlght a teresp. ofIt wae lthe da lyfo tdl Nhe
with some monarchink of the ohaes that drink away from ItdeWeatof hius f o Iptn W be. Mb
anl pOn halisftao w ohile ncowarly everas muchke plo thew htio asonle

trman had one land Ad the and he knto w that the of d ;
to tap the eioar, the killingoor be would might liteIy starve tohe, Ith.

only word to dteeo; It waa o aa he e gwo rrl, n fI d
ewe as est steery t to be loose. domewor faiaey Ste 1et9 uhe

s. Atin SoatheIf ardlytof spoedt, t tethu aetantoo otheat t.

ted hia al Thee of thetw three days of it wo de truth, t
stunnedid not oddle la tWhen he iahim, a fteihte be o er to hear i0tIUWt e4
would be a yell of we reaetht r no a to hepI tte was for all the world the old story iae nt t
would drop everything and dash for of Prome with eus -boun4AshJurglsly w J vas, because Iwt e
toe nearst pillar, dttipn here and on his bpead, hour re hor tMhere onl Wa ylllf
nero on the fltoot atn hit g over cameti to him emoti f thate4 had were times, foW Julia ON"
each other ihiwas badenough. innever n owra eW aF0Otai he get aassay *0he wp I
e summer, u man could see; had metliNe*witha aw ie 'Ntthady o 2
your hair sabled up, for the room not atce. 9 now,t s we
ol. T anything outo a rh a t ot wwA 4 omeoit1 1b nor
Infront of % Tobel suthestsea gsly phasa% igtofW

mnhan d a one tohbinaandIAndthenaby inoy**nlng pe-*i of4i991 1

J1e!hia Thto Iithe b tlstf 4h eSvAs Atli, tjn ?

4~9~*'Y I' -.
4 V
4. '.4 9

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(!* p e3 r 22, 1906

The only reason why Doughetry might stand a
chance with Broward, I tat he taks the same
language that Broward does, te language of the
people, and' has the ame faulty for getting in
touch with his audleiOd. I '. DOugherty were
to study the question o a ,'t 'ea his memory
with facts and Agure T v al dy a oonsldeit.
ble acquaintancewith Athe ieti due to his long
service In the State Lfgiultz ead his two terms
in the National LegislatUSe, he might compito
with Broward. But he Would, aMve to study tIhe
question pretty well before even he could do this.
It would be a good thing it Mr, Dougherty would
debate this question with the Governor so that it
would not be so oneasided as it is now.
The fiery Abrama is not able t cope with Brow.
ard, nor is the polished Beard; but Dougherty,
with proper preparation# Dougherty filled up with
facts and figures, Dougaerty with all the idioms
and the familiar tricks of the stump speaker at
his command, Daugherty might do it.
No other man can.

*eets Dougert the SparWs'

Deloto er. Those officials are men holding the highest
a thous- positions within the gift of the people and certain*
erglades ly can be trusted with power commensurate with
ad are their duties." .i
of the In closing the petitioners ay: "We are corn-
oltlisns mon laboring men, farmers, fruit and vegetable
t which growers, stock raisers, mrechants and mechanics,
Jr. The we do not belong to that class of big land owners
re about and land monopolists."
Ids ae From the foregoing it will be seen that the
is fruit "common people" are in entire accord with the
t* Tru- Trustees on their drainage proposition and the el-
*om this forts of Governor Broward to get the matter fairly
hat no before the people are bearing fruit The Gover-
but the nor's tour has convinced the people that he is
ilally. to thoroughly posted and able to present his side of
the question, and it is the sentiment expressed by
rile we many people, in which tnis writer coincides, that
feature" the one man who can meet Broward with any
he fact chance of success at all, is the Hon. Charles
swamp Doughetry, who was known in the stirring days of
ng, and '76, and later, as "The Tall Cypress of the Hall-
of pow- fax."

Railroad Commission fixes New Wharfage Rates

tion In wharfage and storage rates on
lumber and cross ties should not be
adopted, the railroad companies--en.
toting Jacksonville and Fernandina-
have been summoned to appear before
tue Railroad Commissioners at Tallahasee.
The summons, as issue Thursday of this week,
Railroad Commission, State of Florida.
To the Seaboard Air Line Railway, Atlantic Coast
SLine Railroad Company, Southern Railway Com.
pwny, (eorgia. Southern A Florda Railway
Company, nd St. John's River Terminal Com-
1 You are hereby notified that there will be a
meeting of the Railroad Commissioners of the
State of Florida, at their office In the city of Tal.
laassee, Florida, on the lad day of October, A.
I. 1906, at ten o'clock a. m.p for the purpose of
considering the adoption of the following rates of
wharfage and storage on lumber and ties to be
charged by you at the ports of Jacksonville and
Peruiandna; at which time you, the _eaboard
Air ULe Railway, and you, the Atlatic Coast Lie
Railroad Company, and you, the Southern Railway
Conipany, and you, the Georgia Southern & Flori-
4a Railway Company, and you, the St. John's
River Terminal Company, will have an opportune.
ty to be heard and to show cause, If any you have,
why the proposed rates should not be adopted:

Wharfage (handled at owner's expenses), in-
cluding storage not exceeding thirty days, per
thousand feet, board measure, 15 cents.
Storage for the next succeeding thirty days, or
fractional part thereof, per thousand feet, board
measure, 10 cents.
Storage for each succeeding thirty days, or frac-
tional part thereof, per thousand feet, board meas-
ure, 6 cents.

Wharfage (handled at owner's expense), includ-
ing storage for each thirty days, or fractional part
thereof, I
Done and ordered by the Railroad Commission-
ers of the State of Florida, In session at their of-
fice in the city of Tallahassee, Florida, this 20th
day of September, A. D. 1906.
Attest: Chairman.
R. C. DUNN, Secretary.
It was a serious situation and an uncertain con-
dition in which the lumber dealers found them-
selves-that is, those who ship through the ports'
of Jac]idonville and Fernandina.
Their words are practically tnese:
"Unless we get a reasonable wharfage rate, we
will be COMPELLED to MOVE our business OUT
"Unless conditions are changed we will leave
the State after filling the orders we now have
under way and those partly completed."

To counteract this possibility there has been
activity In the department of the Railroad Conm-
missioners whicn has resulted In the summons
being issued,
When the announcement was sent out, August
4, from the Norfolk, Va., offioee of-the Seaboard
Air Line that there would be a raise in the wharf-
age and storage rates as affooeting te lumber bus-
iness at the ports of Fernandina and Jacksonville,
effective September 1, the circular sent out by this
railroad company created a furor among those
vitally interested.
As is well known, the announcement was to the
effect that September 1 and thereafter there
would be a raise from the rate of 25 cents per
thousand feet (which prevailed for wharfage cov-
ering a period of 60 days and longer) to that of 25
cents plus 70 cents for the first 80 days or frac-
tional part thereof, and 76 cents for the next 30
days or fractional part thereof.
In other words the STARTLING RAISE was
from the prevailing flat rate of $$ cents per thous-
and feet for 60 days to practically $1.70 per thous-
and feet for 60 days.
This was the basis of the vigorous complaint by
the lumber dealers at the ports of Jacksonville
and Fernandina. This was followed by the infor-
mal hearing at Jacksonville, September 17, by the
commissioners at which the lumber dealers and a
special committee of the Jacksonville Board of
Trade appeared.
The summons just Issued by the Railroad Com-
missioners was made after their careful consider-
ation of the matter.

ThinksB TM Brethren

Political Curves.
When William J. Bryan landed in
New York he was prepared to discuss
the question of government ownership
of railroads strongly but without com-
titting himself too positively to the
polley. His Madlson Square Garden
audience became so enthusiastic when
the phrase "government owenship"
was rst uedy him that he seems
to have let bit language become more
emhatite than he had intended. He
."I have reached the conclusion that
there ill be n permanent IelIet on
the railroad queaton from drAllBlnfr
tion between n ndividuals b4a between
places and from extortioate rate s
until the rallroaa are the property of
the government and operated by the
government in the nlatrest of the
Then came the storm Ia the Demo.
craeti party.
In his Chicago speech Mr. Bryan
repeated his statement, with o@me
smoftening of phrase and with em-
phasis on the fact that It was only hi
private opinion that was is quesulom
But the storm did not oeae.
Now at St. Louis Mr. Bryan ues.
the following language:
S" have never declared that I am In

favor of government ownership of
railroads unequivocally. When it has
been determined that government su-
pervision does not solve the question
then It is time to discuss government
ownership as a practical proposition."
In other words, what he announced
in New York as a conclusion he had
already reached now becomes a
hypothetical contingency for the fu-
He promises a later discussion of
the subject at greater length.
It is to be hoped for his own credit
that he will straighten out the politi.
cal curves that have crept Into his
speeches and announce his policy for
the next presideLtial campaign
straight from the shoulder.-Chicago
A few weeks ago an appeal was is.
sued to the voters of Florida by some
of the large land owners in the drain-
age district, against the drainage
scheme. It appeared to hurt these
peopl very much that their large
o g of landM should be taxed to
the inslgufloant amount of five cents
per acre, or drainage purposes. Now
come eighty4yve holders of small
tracta who advocate the scheme and
who believe that It will be a great

thing for them and for the State gen-
erally and South Florida In particu-
lar. The question is by no means a
one aided one and it looks now as it it
will be closely contested at the polls
In November, with the chances In
favor of the drainage amendment to
the Constitution being carried.-Bar.
tow Courier-Informant.
The friendly Jibes of the Free Press
concerning Hllman and a few other
Live Oak ringsters relative to that
"" item in our esteemed
contemporary of that town recently,
seems to have knocked the wind out
of the "Bloated Captain's" gubernato.
rial aspirations. Several issues of the
Democrat have since been published
without any reference to his probable
candidacy, though we'd like to see
s-~* MS

him enter the ra<
readers will rei
Mayo Free Pres.

e'-for reasons our
adily understand.-

If a law was enacted prohibiting
the shipment of oranges from Florida
prior to Oct 1 of each year it would
be instrumental In the saving of many
thousands of dollars to growers who
would pursue safe and sane methods
of disposing of their crops. If the car
load of green fruit which was shipped
from Manatee county last week could
nave been purchased by growers and
dumped Into the nearest river, the
principal and Interest on such expen-
diture would hay been more than re-
turned In the Increased price received
for shipments later on In the season.
-St. Augustine Meteor.

Soil Survey Pamphlets Are He.
Through the efforts of Congressman W. B. LaAr, there are ready f"'
frthe distributionited copies of the survey of Leon County rently made by
the United States Government. These copies can be had by any who desire
them, at the orce of THE SUN; at each of the two banks and at the office
There has been some delay In get the p h et whi Con
gressman Lamar asks us to explain by saying that the iles of his private
secretary, Mooner. Paul Carter, prevented him from attending to the matt'
Congressman Lamar will arrive in Fdlorida about the ft Week in Oct(,
ber to begin his canvass of the di t prior to the gne con in No-
vember. He will cover the district thor to u h e a il e n ih n N-o
pie the Issues In which they a it y tera 1 do w the peo


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mol th e sai Opgive
the 810wi9
tinge 'Pfor
tnat %r
he'll gesome .t.
looked uand
we're nothroughf
my-no, I can't Sa
cred name-I want an;
can you locate him "
"I've already dpoe y I
wired my California d this
morning the answer nas
he lives on a ranch n
Angele. You have a him,
Mr. Farwell-Uf you want to exercise
"Claim on himb bakt My dollars
are all clean andhoieetly earned. I
wouldn't oontaminatA them with a
cent ofrhi uLvpt to ?
him. I'm going out their ana I want
you to go a Tod we can tart."
"Steady, weII, steady. We
wonft lapyttogoo theV M% e
now. He's h on~'buiness. Thirty
mna lat ted, him in the
"Co. on W," shouted Warwell,
beside himself. "Come on right
Again Cheney. cautioned the, e4,it-
ed man. "Ste$dy, Mr. Farwel. F-lU
go with you all right- enough, but .be-
fore we- lave I want that gun In your
pocket. 4Ha It over."' arwel did
so and continued:' "Im not
going tW 'Ayu commit a crime.
Tnere is o law can reach the man.
The Almigty will .-deal with him,
and besIde! he' 'yor;,father, and-
you WW Mlu DaBls, do You not?"
"Blah. Y0, Yore right, 0colo
nel. s you Ia1.0
Ar s hotglt taisy were fqr'
tunate to qhd Mr. jatm Anrn his
room. Chbey' alpne was taken,
up r." r. S you ln
room," said .
Cheney and
room, and
eyes glance
a sensual mo
"Well, CoL O
ing from the card to two men, "to
what am I Indebted for the honor of
his even wlt, tro 'I. merely cai
eQ to introduW 68 to your ion, Mr.
"My son" all W ing
back, his ees g from.
haven't any s.

Sold by all Drugfglts and Qrocem.
Prepared by
S Abe useiBusch .r.w.a AO a.
L~fch^ .L.ois.U4AJS'A '

the Almighty will d9 *th him and
his soul will suffer the tortures hell.
I wanted a a but I 4Its.*
I'll keep th4 one I 4avd4; hU who
had It was pqQr.but, thank od, h
well f I I oU ,69
Cheney attended h.i wedd slater
but the law had-itf bIm.txn' right
to call himself "Vhablel B. Pa vell."

THcEUN' L'.0
'(Optta (o9 n *om U U3
crows f he be t, coha -hn 6aH
time, and it was the s e with the
'man; he had not thIfn todo all day
'but lie and %6 rse M~4 the
Utime came wlea hr w te tow enr
everytbipg. n
This was never for very long, ho*w
ever, o w Qhen Qa,b a, to
t oodt ay T.l in
elow ed ke a a gM
with his cheeks sunken In
long black hair straggling I
eyes; he was too disoburaged to
or to think about his appearaao

Your abuse, neglect and desertion he Ht t4 is w
kuled her, but he left a boy; you left ere. That
Snow that too. She w your wife./ cou for soaet
Here'a 4 ord ot the oa' tbut a~_' BI
cant deny that, can your' Ustmaa was"the Owea t way
couldn't, he didta attempt It, but onerned. When,
sank, a quivering mass of esh, In a malha fallen aIntoe
chair and b hid h ar. Farewell strode Ing tanks and had
forward and by one sweep of hi hand pure leaf latrd and i
raised the man's head. Contempt there was no use Nle
was written in n rtewlls very move. and u aklag hi
He looked at Eastman and then for Moro obable, WI
five nutes poured fth a torrent of theo that Jomas hi
invective which seemed to whither and e on the roa
the elder man's very oul. Let him nk He ehd been
go, ParwL" m id er y, a;yo-o. W T ad boe
hand it p g OR He i oii
him 4. F 7T' yet"Mg"
'Yes, rm tA. coloneL rga no ua.
lug to let htioad WIM 't h ow w
debamatt a eoealt As o al ey, -a oM ow
cab. My' frosyam ifieikil

;.. .49

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THE BUN Is published weekly ad r9i94 uoi
every Saturday .
YoU nUed' ?T SUN If you 9 at a l ,rel nora
events and. lorlda proeMt a. '' ,
The suboriptih iat W p1.0- pe a
Send In yout toi oft $u ,00
and NOV.310 1 ao wi e aA a
out printed In this ad e ment" a
The watch a not the A sual $1.00 .
market. It isomady theKAhbr ,a
polished, handsome and
It In stem wind sad et sad
keeps pefet tlaWr, s48o ;sold by
School girlsho bahsbbos W a ae
Business M laI amddotrs4 pur
i n .ort._. w wath ltke ,Ju
, need'.TEU B u" N ,,,
Fo Prthe WatehwIth.ut TH R UN .. .. .. .. ,
For THE SUN wtheut the Wateh .. ... ., .. *. ....
I *.-e ., FO l O ,R 0thl S L Or' B.



"iAlB"OME H 1,AT,"Z1


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a a.,a'?,.. '
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~ '. aa~4~' .'94.~'J -y~ a5. "~. ~'9-. 'a ', a''. a ~'
'a"- '-~**~'~,.'~ A ""'.


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A iquid-food tconta n~ Iz p~4igetc
form, the streng-th'ivingit, nori..6bufidilig,
clemeut of Bar e4Itaidp M
potKltan drugs nd 'sharmles t t
hiselicate person. .,
Malt-Nutli1,wld u6 a~ et~f a
without fiar of coatriic I a, a hbWt

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oneeleventh, s
of than ever. A
Ig money fror m M
her bak sacount,
again her hopes of
ineas. And they
Into debt to Tamoe
letting him Impori
Tamsolas was a
relatives, and with
besfde, and 4e on
len'ln love, and so
fortune an was d

r of the hUi
leae school. NO
wh, wa now fnfte
1ltti Kotria who
younger, and then
who was eleven, ,
wafte n Both of
brit boys, and U

In It. N "
with goode adite
male their way to
to 1 1 newpaper
late at night In to
there or six mil
ma hbad offered i
plawe where they
and had taken the
Int a f tore to
mofte been sen.
cloed a whipping.
laug ae out agin.
fould the newmpa
cured their stock;
ishaut oe till ne
"Paert" to ver
had all their tk
elved a thrtshing
newman upn vw
nad, treepta1 d,
wvee, they had' ir
per, and mae tba
muh the *ta
After a week of
them the two lHttU
learn the wayu
nasa of the dlM
how many of iaoh
ort o people to<
where tod asnd
from. ARsr this*
4 o'clock Inthe m
about the strseeta
papers and then
might come home
O0 or 30 cents a
much a 40 cents.
had to deduct thel
distance was eo i
while they made I
mutill more, and the
their carfare. Th
car when the con
Ing and hide In tl
times out of tour
for their ftares, ct
or thinking they 1
Ift he did ask, they


ae crowd: a thr* TAXU NOTIOC that It tis our inteon-. ** **S'J ".
be wold ot atAk utto als to tW Citt Jueoe of ii g-
had already or n dOt;rI th I Tb WN iato Il0. ITM. -M* ..*
would hunt through Men of the 1at 1Am0ies. hf .-orn--- e

W5 miu

ova to do the then b oon October d1 .And that
I ethYeir fare pVod by the character ad obJet Of the 00o
Crn bft Sadae *knd ld lady or else ry the ration Is of a hrlt aturer or
Iia nl o1o !anr o perso^nsof

oS te wer t phbtn when working .moral. oharader A into&a Faternal Asu
R0 we ging to t5.heir work and s oc tlon, '" t ,p W tds for the re
ta m oa w et so crowded that lief of members dahbleod by disease

seore hkwey sad Ao m pdeos a tt o bury their dead. T. J. Butsey,

re i and no mo ol to buy, and enough An.h ore, As or. Joe
WenedA wandkenough Ashmore, ias.,

ta h from week to week
d ellars I'vW M terrible than he I
Sand bea A man can get used to any- JOSEPH WU
a. a witthtngito the Oourse of time, and Jurgss IM LLU
nly kicks used to lying about the house.
as, seh a no de Ona saw this and was very careful
rF fetood And now wot to destroy his peace of mind by
9, agd the spring letting him know how much pain she
M.Mad with a day's was suffertaig. It was now the time
Vte smoke of of the spring raise, and Ona had of-
forever, and ten to ride to her work in spite of the
Wo e and the expense; she was getting paler every
e f, rainbow day nd sometimes, In spite of her
a the afVamily ovations, it pained her that
one-hird, JurgI did tnottie It. She won-
Sw ut only dered if he cared for her as much as
at they were worse ever, If all this misery was not wear-
they were borrow lull out his love. She had to be away
tf and eating up from him all the time and bear her t.d
a4ID poiltn opce own troubles while he was bearing ..
ma "aand hap. his; and then. when she came home ANHNMIlSO Ie
wee she was so worn out; and whenever Also w etss.Uews.
siun Kuult ib they talked they had only their wor- Ma a w. .
wish himself p3I to talk of-truly It was hard, In UroO tlw00 .lfyeauwanst
man without ay i Jto ke. any sentiment eInantBBu..
a wonderful talent alive. The WO of this would same up
ght to haVe mas o OIn sometmen-t night she
bMt he had tal. would suddenly olasp her big husband Try
) ven hostages to In her arms and break Into passionate
loomed to be drap weeOOng, demand into know If he 4 DL- m
really her. Poor Jurgis, who bad DI
doei" td tt two In tltth brown more mitterf-fact G e
..wol .. a to .under the endless pressure of penury, T s u lLAl
en wuld have would not know what to make of T e Sn e e
rS : *9 ,'. 's," Tennessee Whisky
m, there was a girlsWedt when he had ls been cross;
two. bys- ihi L d4o Ona would have to forgive him PURE
2nd NiS2alojisI2 sAMsob herself to sleep. went
i i. The latter of Apri Juls THATS SURE
I thus lastwee" to see the doctor, and was liven a
." was no raso bandage to lace about his ankle, and
houldst ...",hen told that e might o back to work. A
"iW'vIng. s tke dotor, however, for when he ewe i m m s
wae g.ise a qat.- showed d upon the killing floor of A 6Z lFA
s with a sausagsS Brown', e was told by the foreman AG
t tndes that tt had not been possible to keep Ir*ke ly ala ie
I.t "ap L d Meo for mehim. Jurgis knew that JackoIIvIIid, IoL
They came b k ths meant simply that the foremanld gD MN L Wori T
ac hv on wk4 bad found some one ele to do the ___ o___.__ i h___
a,-hainSg wle work as well and dld not want to E by
asto ae oertheata bother to make a Change. He stood ~ el.iti l -o
Aot newsthmatora In the doorwayew looking mournfully
ilr mone sp.p s, on. sBing his friends and companions
t, a le.ygone.. at work, and feeling like an outcast.nit -
a te ate* -and Then he went out and took his place r
.o they bo th with the mob.of the unemployed. a si*
and theio t mor Th 1i time, however, Jurgis did not
.This te they. havt the same fine Oonfidence, nor the [ IJ1
Perplaes. a a same reason for it. He was no longer | .. mlD mD l
.t "n -,aer the pleset looking man in the throng, *" E1H
Sonithey, aw iey and the bosle no longer made for b -i
e thwy dan, ey a ,i; he was thin and haggard, and
taken wam and e- A clothe wre edy, and he looked a e
besides fromt a miserable. And there were hundreds li
,__ terrtory h who looked and felt Just like him, and 1
fortunately, how- who had been wandering about Pack. -
ea sohlSo a'n. nLtown for months begging .for work. I ilMl
ok with nearly a Thi Wa a critial time in Jurgis's sii
Sdi t. llfe,a td lf t he h been a weaker I HI H ^HH I
mishaps Iuch M ano he Would have gone the way the
1 flow a did. Those out-of-work wretches,,tt_, ... i
tte trade-4he would stand about the packing houses Iw ",ynttl-isd
brent paper, and e morning till the police drove N.* --- i.
tosget, and wh them awuy. and then they would 2.,000 Now WOrd
let them to. ad.tter amon_ the satoona. Very few New Ouettew of the W td3I
I o r i tha ey would encounter by
igSad running tryin to get into the buildings to In. | WBI*@pV hI4 Dloaemnau
Smt with oi tervlew the bosses; If they did not emnueP oto 1 ne4
l-- -t n-eht wi d be nothing to do but hang Iflt. -, .D.ij
^sp e-e asib as u theet s aloos the rest of the day i "- .h ^Su they night. JL rwas saed from l. as...0Q P.?age
Ey1'_ ~ut" .y .t_ pleasant weather, and there was NIeeed in nErvye Hom. l
hrlends, and leaked id to he lndsu's; but mainly be. iAe -
m t iry d cae he carried with him always the I iW ,;a"m --' l
luetoy waminu1 look- .. ,,,.i B inhma..aui.-., I1


loeb MAW,




Duval XS
Lord Falt


Jacksonate Th.



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ed at above prices
per gallon



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pitiful iA t lfe. must
set wo hit, ughtag the
battle with despair every hour of the
day. He must gt work! He must
have a place agan and some money
saved up, bep** the net winter
But thew u work for him. He
ought all members of his union-
Jurgis had stuck'to the union through
all this--and beged them to speak a
word for hi e wet to every one
ne knew, .'or a chance, there
or anywh w wdered all day
through th0 b$ and In a week
or two, w be hden all over the
yards, azd\ito etery toom to which
he had ', ad )aed that there
was not a aywhr he suaed
himself th ..ere miht have been a
change in *e places had first visl*
ted, and be the r und all over;
till finally e wathia an sd the
"spotters" of the companies came to
know him by sight #ad to order bun
out with threats Thbe there was
nothing more for him to do but go
with the crowd in the morning, and
keep in the front row and look eager,
and when be failed, back home,
and play with little trina and the
The peculiar bitterness of all this
was that Jurgis saw so plainly the
meaning of it. In the beginning he
had been fresh and strong, and he had
gotten a job the first day; but now
he was second-hand, a damaged arti-
cle, so to speak, and they did not want
him. They hid got the best out of
him-they had worn him out, with
their speeding-up and their careless.
ness and now they had thrown him
away! And Jurgis would make the aso.
quaintance of others of these unem-
ployed men, and find that they had
all had the same experience. There
were some, of course, who had wan-
dered in from other places, who had
been ground up in other mills; there
were others who were out from their
own fault-some, for instance, who
had not been able to stand the awful
grind without drink. The vast major-
ity, however, were simply the worn-
out parts of the gieat merciless pack-
ing machine; they had tolled there,
and kept up with the pace, some of
them for ten or twenty years, until
finally the time had come when they
could not keep up with it any more.
Some had been frankly told that
they were too old, that a spryer man
was needed; others had given occa-
sion, by some aet of carelessness or
incompetency; with most, however,
the occasion had been the same as
Jurgis. They had been overworked
and underfed so long,.and finally some
disease had laid them on their backs;
or they had out themselves, and had
blood poisoning, or met with some
other accident. Whn a man came
back after that, he would get his pla.e
back only by the courtesy of the oss.
To this there was so 0excption, save
when the accident was one for which
tne firm was liale; ain that cas
they would send. a stppery lawyer to
see him, first to try to get him to sign
n'way his claims, but it he was too
xsnart for that, to promise him that
ho and his should always be provided
with work. This prel se they would
kop, strictly and to the letter-for
wo years. Two years was the
statute of limitations," and after
hat the victims could not sue.
What happened to as after any
f these things, depended upon the
ircumstance. If be were of the
,,hly skilled workers, he would prob-
bly have eogh saved up to tide
im over. The best-paid men, the
'splitters," made fifty cents an hour,
which would be fve or six dollar a
lay in the rush seasons, and one or
wo in the dullest. A man could live
nd save on that; but then there were
nly half a dose splitters in each
"ace, uand one of them that Jurgis
lnow had a family of twenty-two chll-
Iron. all holig to grow up to be
'litters like their tether. r an e-
)killed man. who made ten dollars a
uk in the rush oseass aad ve nla
Sdull, it all depended upon his age
nd the number he had dependent

Appuv IMa




might have,. ell as of the ms".o
bears of his union, and his chums, ad
the people who might be starving to
death next deor.


~~~'AW~' ba&*WAWI4 I

WWI q I I 1

Will be held to each Conty I lOriorlda on
'iumaq Bneat succeediUng target M
iu November, A. U., IVU, the said IW
being the
otr the mrati aon or roje n o the said
duiat MelsutlotS ptupo5Iag Ameates to
tue ColUtation Ut hb bte oC tiorltS,
That the Zotowinag usmadmat to Arti-
cle A It o t he coasAtmuu ox e UsWte ef
AlrAs to d aba t a it s or agr md to ana
susi a svumeitte to uIr ee o of to o
fla* st to geneMA imSo t, to be head
WU te at 'one i wumaya eim uOr Not moo
h fotuvomr A. ". Itw, wt Irat esUoB or
secuon 82. The Uovernor, tes Comp.
ttuuer, the itate Trmw the AttoM
uonerl and theo.aumUmooe of AnOU*
ture o9 tue state o lonrlS, a tb4 r h su
ceors In oice, are aner onastituted and
usaUast ansd as urboe aof k9L at -M
powered to estabisha system of caais,
urais, lvems, OIes ad reservoirs ot s
aoil on and epths, as an tAo juament
U, ai ioar o uraap eouflsons s
u-emed advMsabl, to draM and e r a the
swamp and overtowed lands Withma th
bta o iort, oNr subch pts oM peotioms
aural a ts ommlMsloaeS Xom to tm e,

is such manr as will b sMo adS tWg-
eous to the tarrtory so &draind, the H1ea
uL Wlonlda, its inhabitants sad the'-

b. *~~dd


ofth m?~

me en

W# in

* a

on him. An unmarried man could
ve, if he did not drink, and if be
as absolutely selish-that is, if he
Id no heed to the demands @It -i
rents, or ol a ther relatvees be


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I~ Tha ;art

S.r. .. or General Daily Use



OT ONLY to the purse, but to the reader of the best current
literature-the man, the woman and the student of the topics of
the day. These offers are

IALI,'1I C(lC O'FFER has won tfs many new subsortlber and ren wa.i
ind %J t u:.itu present It to our subscribers and rea4drd so that t..(-y
S vu ;f the gI(ttest ,Vtaazilurs in t'Ie coirttry have coAmbln-d t1
1) (...;-r o ti t at a pr ially ri'ilCd 1nt will be'e n y t .i

The Commoner, ony ear -
Cosmopolitan, -1 .vIr, o
Woman's Home Companion, ..,, w
The Review of Reviews, o11e y;ear.
Pearson's, int y, -
The American Magazine, oue your,
Tom Watson's Magazine, one year,
THE SUN, one year, -


- $1.00

upe I.CO

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Nothing could be more appropriate than the 31-piece
ChIna Set we offer as a premium to Old and New Subscribers.
This artistically decorated set cannot be bought at retail for
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When you become a new subscriber to THE SUN-$2.00 per year-
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Or If you RENEW your subscription for one year and send $4.00
we treat you Just the same and extend your time from the date of your
This china is the product of the French Porcelain Company of
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Send in your orders today

N. IB-AII subscriptions received before Nov. 1st, will entitle the
senders to two artistic wood cuts, suitable for framing. These In addi-
tlon to ohina set Don't delay.
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ExtraorinaryOOfferu Reaoer
A New Bible with a Marvelous Feature
By tie Bet Methods of Bible Marklif
esall uet commented wish ,,.
To enable any person to turn rapidly to veAns on these
4ubjectl, and to read in consecutive order all pasaesf 4
Ssielasing to any one of the topics chosen; to give lBible w
Readlna at a moment's notice or to tell at a glance
the objectss of any vere or pmage marked. ~ ihi .lde iMex8 laW. Frms
I forousanuld y l n oldrL, nby Y. Jmn Lyra
Uwb *t Cosanel16 MtwlMs,ch complete, ht forn aI ntinuou narrative. Original.
vsvd mte l**1 0 t11011111o t he e C ktSha Uelom W E c ild Sd by Pr as and pullt.
ahlos f IMnhes Cf lh.t74M, a 16 colr plat, 6 emving. Regular price $2.o0.
*'-'lWE WILL SEND JAn charges p -
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Send $6.25 and Get Them All for One Year

COMMONER, one year ...................... .................... 1 00
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PEARSON'S, one year ...........................................$1 00
'THIE SUN, one year..I....LeY9........$.......0............. ........ 2 00
THE AMERICAN MAGAZINE, one year........................$1 00
THE BSUN, one year....................a...... 61............... 8 00
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THE SUN, one year.............................................. 2 00
We wish to remind you of our determination to make THE SUN
brighter, better and more powerful in its influence for all that is right,
and live up to our motto, which is known everywhere-"IF IT'S
We know that IT'S RIGHT for THE SUN to have the largest cir-
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IT'S RIGHT to have new and interesting features and so we intend
to continue them in the future as we have in the put
We are keen to discern conditions which will. need to be made pub-
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THE SUN first in the presentation of such. As we gain the
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Fill out coupon, mail it today with your remittance and be sure of getting
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Reference: The
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RANKIN SKtIndntA dfrta
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losed, Adjl COUted.i
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