Group Title: sun.
Title: The sun
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: The sun
Uniform Title: sun
Sun (Jacksonville, Fla.)
Physical Description: 2 v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Sun Co.
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Publication Date: August 18, 1906
Frequency: weekly
Subject: Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Tallahassee (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Leon County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Leon -- Tallahassee
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.451667 x -84.268533 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Nov. 18, 1905)-v. 3, no. 47 (Sept. 12, 1908).
Numbering Peculiarities: Published at Tallahassee, Fla., June 23-Sept. 12, 1908.
General Note: Claude L'Engle, editor.
General Note: "If it's right, we are for it."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075914
Volume ID: VID00041
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 33400104
lccn - sn 95047216
 Related Items
Other version: Morning sun (Tallahassee, Fla.)
Succeeded by: Dixie (Jacksonville, Fla.)

Full Text


Put Blame






Failure to

Vessels to Carry Lumber Off


Former Seaboard Superintendent Admits Lack of Facllgties-St. Johns
Terminal Company Superintendent Says Facilities Ample
fol INoimal Business.

Last week's issue of THE SUN contained ex-
tracts copied verbatim from the testimony given
by the shippers to Railroad Commissioner Burr at
the hearing in Jacksonville last month and a
promise that this Issue would contain extracts
from the testimony of the railroad officials.
In fulfilling this promise THE BUN leaves it to
the readers to form their own opinion as to where
the fault lies, after giving them the opportunity
to read both sides Railroad Commissioner Burr
has not gone over the testimony as yet, and on
account of the accumulation of work in the office.
due to the fact that one man Instead of three is
working, Mr. Burr will probably not be able to
make his report, setting forth his opinion as to
where the fault lies, for some days to come. Next
week THB BUN will review this testimony, give
by both sides, and make such comment on the sit-
uation as Its Importance justifies, giving its opin-
ion formed by a careful analysis of the testimony,
as to where the fault lies, together with Its sug-
gestion as to the remedy which should be applied.
In this conneetlon, THE BUN apologises to the
reading public for using up so much space for the
presentation of this story, but the great impo'-
tance of it is offered as a justlfcation for this
course. In a matter where the business of the
9tate is so seriously hampered and a great loss
of business has already been suffered, and an In-
calculable loes threatens the future, it is the prove
since and the duty of a public journal to do what-
over is possible to do to save the situation.
The only thing coming within the scope of the
powers of a public journal Is to present the ease
as tally as possible,-this THE SUN has endear
ored to do aad to comment on the fatet-this
THB BUN will do.
This matter has received the attention of the
Board-of Trade of Jacksonville and of the trade

orgahsations la other cities, which shows that the
estimate placed upon its importance by THB SUN
is shared by others. There was a meeting last
week in Ocala, which Commissioner Burr atttend-
ed. Without going into tne details of the meet-
Ing, which, for the want of a stenographic report
of it, it is impossible to obtain, THE BUN gete it
from Commissioner Burr that the same complaint
was made about the delay In handling shipments
by Ocala merchants as was made by the Jackson
vlyle merchants. In speaking of the matter C no
missioner Burr says that the complaints were by
no means confined to Jacksonville; that the Com-
mission is in daily receipt of letters from other
cities in the State, the tenor of all of them being
the same; that the delay In furnishing ears the
delay in the transportation of freight, and the re
Ptrietions put upon shippers on asohoat of the
lack of facilities of the railroad, were serlouail
hampering business and resulting in great leos
A letter was received by the Commlsson this
week, signed by W. T. Semaees Orlando; W. MIL
Pittman, Tampa; J. W. Duttou, Masootto Jao. W.
Ross, Tamps; who subscribed themselves as daily
travelers, complaining of the condition of the road
bed between Banford and St. Peteresbur on the A.
C. L. Ry. These men said that the track w In a
dangerous condition; that there had been searoely
any work done on it by section hands for month
paut; that three wrecks had recently ooaurreoJ
due to the fast running of trains over the Impne.
feet track, and that one of them had result In
perlously Injuring one person. It was the opilt*
Ion of the writers that the men operating the
trains were not to blame; that they exerdsed duu
care and dillsence to avoid aeodets, but that
they were obUlged to make theo time or lose their
obe, and that the roadbed was i no oiadltlos fo4
the fat chedule bdag operted. The letter

urpd the Comnlion to take action.
Another dOf hulty ha asmen In Ja moa e
over the failure of the agreement between the
Bast Coast Ryy. ad the A. 0. L. 1 er is past
an a aie t h"a exited betwe th two road
by w Ich the A. 0. L furnished t st Pt
with terminal faetlltle. This c ,met
A lu. lt and the B.t Coast is aab to
f ght except o the day track. o a hp
ments over the at ooast are not
yond South JskeovUe unle W 1 a '
switohing obarmge O pe car oa aI
uInees. Co m slonter Burr In mt
a visit this week to Jauksoaville Adme
shipper to py the swltohin
h the Oimession. bi matter
up as soo a quote m f the ea
seeured, a headOng on it 14 .ld ad d
The testimony Sres by te raUroa
the hearlns by Commiseleer Bt Ju t 4U ai~s
14th follows All of the theto tOr e i
but where extracts are ih they m t
words used at the heaing. In e ex
tracts care has bees taken to use s aot to
iSe polt, with the a ip4. esaeg
*he situation as viewed
J. LA. She was the irst wimass. t be
half of the railroad.
Q-Mr. She, what are the a of te
ent omsseed c _i.a o ate mal* a t J.i
smnvit" and the alue oa the paoWe tIe rad to
prompty deliver ewar to eomulfeet A- o
the auses_ thMe*stee uo m of the mde4
and2 plued cjM S car f d INa to s!
et. JohasTW m to. Mad the f J A
ULnela terulua v eft* ams OW
A -








Mim 1-No. 40


Lem per offpyper year


Gomusioner Morgan is VacationingIn r Ina.


Railway Officials



(Continued from Page One.)
iaus biting blocked up with lumber on the dock
irom failure of the Clyde lane to move it out
promptly; and the terminal is not large enough;
the dock is not large enough. We now have the
matter up of extending that dock out to the chan-
nel of the river, which wil give double the space
on that dock. There is also another propositloa
which I think will go through, of building new
does. It will take two years, however, to com-
plete thees docks after they are started.
Q-Well, ina't there a chance of enlarging th3
tore room for lumber at your present docks just
hack of the wharf that is over the water, say out
on the sand there, by flooring it between the
racks? A-Well, there isa considerable amount
of lumber already on that sand.
Q-There is a considerable amount of sand
there that hasn't anything on it, too, isn't there?
A-Well, at time It its led up.
Q-It is not filled up at presentT A-No sir.
Q-Are the oonlgUne nodding their lumber o.i
your cars a a matter of convenience, to make
storage room out of your care? A-They are
nolding it on the ears for the reason that theta
haven't got the spa"e at the dooks to take care
of the large volume of lumber that Is handleJ
through this prt
Q-Whose buaneeass to it to fealh the fell
ties for handling the lumber that theee people
have coming in over your road? A-I suppose it
is the railroad compalee biMles.
Q-And you haven't got tase facilities? A-
Not at the preset time. I would like to amenJ
that-we haven't got the ftallities for storing lum-
ber and allowing it to be stored the length of time
that they allow it to remain on the docks. If It
was moved currently, why, we would have a much
better chance of having it released from the ears.
1 wald like to call your attention to the teeti-
iuMs~Ot one witness here this morning on that
Mr. Burr-You can make the statement, sir.
Witness-You had one witness here this morl-
lag who testified that he had 109 cars of lumber
vmder lead in Jacksonville and that he had two

vessels waiting for lumber to come from the
mill. Now, it seems to me that if that man was
handling his orders right he would have had that
lumber that was ordered from the mill already Il
here or else load some of that lumber that he ha.m,
In those vessels. We have to furnish more cars t0
that man to be able to him to load those vessels
when he already has in here 109 cars under load.
Q-You understood him to say that he didn't
want that lumber that was already in here to o
in those vessels? A-He can't get rid of the cars
that he has. He has got to have another order
from a mill to go in those vessels. Now it seems
to me that is something of a hardship on a rail-
road. There are 109 or 110 cars already tied uo
and we still have to furnish more cars so that
That man can get his vessels loaded. (The man
to whom Mr. Shea refers here is Mr. Gullett .
After the testimony of LMr Shea was given M,.
Gullette called on Commissioner Burr and request.
ed the privilege of rebutting Mr. Shea's testi-
mony. Mr. Burr told him that he could submit a
rebuttal In the form of a sworn statement. M'.
Gullette answered that he could not make the
statement clearly until he had a copy of Mr.
Shea's testimony and that as soon as he did have
a copy he would submit a sworn statement in re-
Q-How many cars of lumber have you on hand
at the station? A-We have on our tracks 239
cars of lumber and shingles.
Q-How many of them have been ordered
placed by the consginees? A-Well, we have ot-
ders for 51, I believe, to the St. Johns Terminal.
They have an embargo on and we can't deliver
that. I couldn't tell you how many of the others
are under orders because *ne agent has that in.
formation and I haven't.
Q-And you are not placing these cars because
there is no space to unload them? A-Oh, yea
sir, we are placing them every day. As fast as
the cars are put in and they unload them we fol-
low them up with more loaded cars and pull the
empties out. There is over half of the lumber
business that we bring in here that is turned over
to the connections for delivery.

Q-What reason do these people give you for
not accepting cars from you- oese other lines?
A-That their docks and yards are blocked up.
Q-What is the capacity of your transfer tracks
to the St. Johns terminal? A-Thirty-five cars I
believe. That has to take care of the business
from the Coast Line and ourselves. We both de-
liver on the same track.
Q-When did the St. Jonns River Terminal C ).
place this embargo? A-On the 3rd day of Julf.
Q-Do you know whether they are handling any
other kind of freight than that mentioned since
the embargo? A-Well, we are not turned back
on anything except lumber and ties.
Q-You don't expect a consignee to unload caM'd
if they have not been placed, do you? A-Yes,
but we will have 6b cars perhaps for one con-
signee and he has got space that would take
care of 6 or 8.
Q-Whose fault is it that he hasn't more space?
A-Well I don't know whose fault it la
Q-It is the railroad company's business to
furnish proper facilities for the business offered,
Is it not? A-I don't think it is the business of
the railroad companies to furnish unlimited facili-
ties for a man to store tis lumber.
Q-You don't believe, then, that it is the busi-
ness of the railroad company to take care of all
the business that is offered to It? A-I don't be-
lieve it is the business of the railroad to furnish a
man unlimited dock facilities.
Q-Do you consider that the Seaboard Air Line
has sufficient dock facilities for taking care of
this business? A-I believe they have if the lum-
ber was moved out promptly from their docks.
Q-Does the lack of engines interfere with th3
proper handling of this busyness, Mr. Shea? A-
Not in our yard. We have five switch engines at
work in our yards during the day and four at
Q--Do you anticipate asy changes in your
methods of handling and delivering shipment
here? A-Yes, we anticipate when we get more
facilities, being able to place more cuam and givte
them more storage capacity on the docks.
(Continued on Page Three.)



lwwqwqmmw .--. 11*


August t1, A6-6


Third Pag

Say Jeffl Pull Those Plugs Out of Your Ears So You C ea Whit t I ltn


Railway Officials on Congestion

(Continued from Page Two.)
Q-That Is two years off. I believe you said?
A-Part of It Is, yes sir. They need unlimited
storage facilities, according to my ideas to take
care of this lumber business.
Q-Then you have nothing in anticipation to
relieve the present situation A-Not immediatc-
ly, no sir. The only relief I see for the present
situation Is to get the lumber moved off the docks
so they can unload what is still on the cars and
keep their vessels coming In currently, and keep
ft moved off the docks so they can unload it com*
ing in and relieve the cars and the mill.
Q-Mr. Shea, don't you think it is reasonable
for a consignee to have space enough to take carol
of a cargo sufficient to load a vessel that he ex-
pects to load out? A-Well, that would depend
upon the else of the cargo. Up to say 400,000 or
450,000 feet I should say yes, but you couldn't
take 475,000.
Q-It would be unreasonable to ask that con-
signee to hold his ship here until he could accu*
mulate lumber enough or cars enough to get the
lumber In 400,000 or 600,000 feet, wouldn't it? A
-Yes sir, It would be unreasonable. At the same
time it would be unreasonable for the consignee to
ask us to hold It on the cars waiting for the shl:b.
Q-Mr. Shea, can you state any particular cars
or any particular comsignees who are making
warehouses out of your cars at present? A-Not
unless I could get the records.
Q-All right, sir, we woulu like to have the
records. A-We will give you the record of the
number of days the car is under load and the con-
Q-Well, we would like*for you to show that Ic
Is the Aa-goee's fault that the car is unloaded.
If that s the way It is that's what I want A-
Well, I eonsiddr that It Is the consignee's fault If
he already hs the dock space blocked.
Q-Weill I take It for granted that your railroad
Is in the business of a common carrier and that
it is neoeseary for It to have these facilities to
carry out Its part of the contract. It has been de
nied here, Mr. Shea, by toe consignees that they
are making warehouses out of these cars and It
It is not true we want proof of it and that Is what
I'm aklng yo0 for. A-Well, that Is what I pro"
pose to give you.
0. P. Wmims was called and testified under
oath that he wa the ag qt for the Seaboard Air
Line anyway In ackuvlIle; that his company

had 239 cars of lumber, ties and shingles on hand
that day (July 18th).
Q-How many of them have been ordered
placed by the consigneese? A-110.
Q-Why don't you place those orders? A-
Well, for various reasons, as I will explain. We
have 51, I believe, that are ordered to the it.
Johns River Terminal Co., which we are unable
to make deliver of on account of their Inability to
accept them. We have now standing on thy
Clyde steamer docks 88 cars. These tracks aro
kept full continuously, you might say, without ex.
ception, and there are probably 8 or 10 anr, not
over that, discharged a day. The lumber stay
over as they can't get the Clyde to move the stuff.
We so to seo the Clyde people and they say It li
the fault of the lumber people, who left It thert.
The fact remains that the aocks are blocked and
the cars are standing there with absolutely no
way of getting rid of them.
Q-What about the space back of your docks
outside the Clyde space? Isn't there oonsidero*
ble room for the placing of lumber on that
ground? A-Not much, sir. I don't think so.
Q-Are the consignees prompt In giving you
orders to place cars when you send notices of ar.
rival? A-Usually they are, yes sir, but a great
many of those who order know our absolute Inas
ability to place care where ordered on account of
the tracks being filled up where they want then
placed. They place them at points where ttty
think they. will avoid demurrage oherge. They
know we cannot place the Oats.
Q-Do you consider your docks sufelent tI
handle the business brought to It through this
port? A-Well, I would like to explain before a
swerving that. A large portion of our business
roes to.other terminals for discharging. Our
docks are used almost exclusively for steamer
movement and If that business was handled ou-
rently our docks are ample to take cars of it.
Q-Have you suacient water at your seoooter
docks to take the ordinary vessel that 'omes If
here to charter? A-Not to.koad to her capaeclty,
no sir. but that sall dock is a very smnnall percent.
age of our business, hardly of any cosequenoe.
Q-In your opinion does the lack of water at
those docks help to aggaraate these conditions?
A-No sir. not to any extent whatever.
Q-Is there any general statement that yo'
would like to make In rewd tWto present od
edition In Jacksonvflle, ,-w. w ae
are on the stand?
it connection with

tions: That quite a number of the lumber me
chute have been very frank to ada to as that
they have conbutd laro l to t o odlUU
by their talule to Upply th p to
mo the tsuff from t h d 400 they
have had more than they fould handle aW tn
two months by any number of t vessel Now o00
of these men asit very freely that thet n9ot
chartered as freely o teO kat* d. "n.
simply ave been -a eeh t ltj to no" the
busloeu and If We had t b lM M 0 U
you would have had proportioatdy that many
more tied up ahee.
Q-Do you know of any oanee,
changes to relieve eo dt n
not in the future In atontlo of tgbet
ter the oOndtoi; here, Mr. WIHamats Wel,
you see the oustruoton of dooks would not be
immediate In any event, could not be. But the
only remedy I an see Just now is the eniera
veeols coming here to move the lumbe
the docks.
Q--Don't you tbink It is -_t t e
consinee shod be provide with A
illtee here to umulat a ao
of Val vese to Si tt
d oi abo that's. I do
teMo'' gemm aseao to Ml
to th nrad or tBA

At the adoured o(
day, July 14th, I. A. was
and testled that e o
dext Third Dvision A
comtpa had o hbad
some of ties
Q6-Wby dest yoe plae the
-We sm placlg them au hsa
them I wish to say father t
that the A.0, 1. bandles gSlyfi
In Jaksooaaile over g-ly -
ber. Weo hie iow n Hi i
two amd a"i 5ieek
dle In a meth1 o tw4
we w h uamimerig amm

. 1',"


A.,.,. ~



August 18,


Pourth Pae





Cro om Pleased With Dredge
Comptroller of the State Talks About His Recent Trip to Lauderdale

"The drainage'of the Everglades will be a mat-
ter of time and will mean an immense amount of
work, but of work that presents no difficulties,"
says Hon. A. C. Croom.
Mr. Croom has Just returned from a visit to
Fort Lauderdale and the soene of operations by
the derdge ",verglades" and talks enthuslasti
rally of the work of the dredge. To THEB SUN
representative Mr. Croom said:
"We went down to Fort Lauderdale and spent
Tuesday and Wednesday. We first visited the
dredge 'Okeechobee,' which is now in process of
construction. I think it will be finished In abou:
sixty days and I believe that when finished it will
be, It anything, a better dredge than the 'Ever.
lades.' Learaing from experience, you see. The.a
we went in a launch five or six miles up New
River to where the dredge 'Everglades' is at work.
It was not at work when we arrived, however, as
they were repairing a broken spud. The repairs
were finished the same day we got there and the
dredge went to work about three o'clock that at.
ternoon. Tuesday. We found that she had already
excavated from 1800 to S000 feet. The excava-
tions had passed the 100toot stake for some dis-
tance and I Judae it was about 000 feet.
"Now you must understand that this tos the most
difficult part of the work the dredges will have to
do because they are now going through rook and
not mud alone. There is a ledge ot rook that
forms a sort of outer rim of the 3verglades an I
holds the water. This rock extends for only three
or four miles and after that there will be nothlas
to dig out but mud and muck. After we gt late
the 'Blades we won't have to out through rook at
all, but about two-thrds a of the work of the
dredge so far has been through rook. We are
now using a rock dipper with steel teeth and it
seems to handle rook just as easily as dirt
"Then fur about threequarters of a mile there
is a Cypreas awamp in which the dredge Is work-
tIg now, among large cypress treea and under-
growth. But the steel teeth seem to ut through
the Qypress as readily as anything eloe. It is &a
very powerful machine and it is very enter ng
to watck the work of digging and dredging; the
et dipper at the end of the steel boom *
oends with mity force, the huge aws lssee

upon the earth, tearing it away in mammoth bites,
and with the mud and dirt go cypress knees, rocK,
anything that comes within the range of the mon-
ster that is feeding there. When it happens to be
a cypress stump that is in the way big steel teeth
gnaw down into the earth, loosen the roots on
each side and lift the treat or stump away with
ease, depositing it on the side of the path it is
"And how much progress in an hour does the
dredge make, Mr. Croom?"
"We timed the dredge and she moved eighty
buckets an hour. A bucket is four and a half cu-
bic yards of dirt and the dipper moves that much
eighty times in an hour. So you see it is a simple
mathematical calculation as to how long it will
take to dig the first canal. The canals are to be
arranged so that by a system of locks the land
can be overflowed or inundated at will. The wu-
ter stands there now as though it were just seek.
ing a place to receive it and when these water.
ways are opened up the land will be quickly drain.
ed. All that country below Lake Okeechobee
forms a regular watershed with the lake at the
highest point, so that when the lake waters spill
over the basin-like rim the country to the south is
flooded. That is the trouble and that is what this
system of canals is to remedy.
"And the cut the 'Everglades has started on Is
to be ten feet deep?"
"Yes, ten feet deep and sixty feet wide. Then
the 'Okeechobee' will come along and dig it an-
other sixty feet wide, making it in all 120 feet in
width and ten feet In depth.
"But the work will progress faster after this
ledge of rock is passed, for two reasons. First,
there will be nothing to dig but mud and muck
and then we are going to have a larger dipper put
on after the rock Is passed. The dipper that !s
now being used takes up four and a halt cubic
yards at a time. The one we propose to use after
the dredge has passed the rock will take up six
and a halt cubic yards, so of course the dredge
will make progress in proportion.
"Has the dredge now working come up to the
estimates placed upon her capacity? Is it giving
satisfaction as a machine?"
"Oh, perfect satisfaction. I believe it is one of
the best pieces of machinery of that kind in the
country. If you could see the ease with which ft
workM-so trouble at all, you know, Just goes
through that rock and takes up those cypress
tree as easily as it does the mu. Yes. it is ce

tainly a satisfactory piece of machinery."
"How many men does it take to run the dredge,
Mr. Croom?"
"They have seven men now, operating it, and
these men live right on the dredge. We had it
built with what you might call state rooms fo"
lack of a better term, and each man has his own
room. They keep a cook and have a common
dining room and a table in common, and live right
there. The rooms are built on the upper deck of
the dredge and they live there as comfortably a*
at home.
"One thing Impressed me as being perhaps un-
usual down there. I don't know whetherr it was
unusual or not, but it was a fact that I never saw
a mosquito the whole time I was down there. I
Puppose there must be mosquitoes there some
time during the year, but I was there two days
and never saw one."
"Mr. Croom, as you viewed the situation as it is
now, did .it strike you as being an impossible un-
dertkaing' Did its magnitude appall you, or any
difficulties apparent discourage you? Did it ap-
pear to be that sort of a proposition?"
"Not at all, not at all. Why it's the easiest
thing in the world. Of course the amount of the
work is very great, we have got to out a flfty-mile
canal, but fifty miles of canal have been out time
and time again in places much more diicult than
this. Here there is absolutely nothing to do, af-
ter the three or four miles of rook sad swamp are
passed, but to cut a way through the mud. And
if that dredge can cut through the rook as t Is
doing now, cutting through mud will be just tha
easiest thing you ever saw. It is simply a propo-
sition of a large amount of easy work that's all
there is in it. I am extremely pleased with what
I saw of the undertaking, extremely pleased. Of
course the bigger the job the longer it takes to do
it, but there is no-difficulty in It at all."
And the land is no doubt as rich as that of
"Oh there's no land like it in the world, I gues .
It will be on the order, I think, of the land in the
valley of the Nile, which is enriched from the
overflow of the river. Something like that land."
"What an opportunity for ome onel"
The finest in the world. But we are not golng
to tie up the land in the hands of sadleates. We
want to sell the land to actual, bona de settlers.
We want every sale to mean another ltise to.
(Contuued on PaR MV,)



* ,* ;

August 18, 1906



Canard Exploded b. MLn
A Story Showing How Two and Two Are S sometimes Added
Together and Five Given M the Answer __

In order to show the methods pursued by the
Tallahassee True Democrat and to put the oitl-
tens of Florida in possession of the true inward.
ness and real facts in connection with the resent
sale of 60,000 acres of swamp and overflowed
iands to doseph Jennings of Miami, a visit was
paid to HoL B. D MoLin of the State Department
of Agricultturl*
The press of the State, .in part, took up the
matter and made it appear that while Mr. Jen-
ninp paid 43 2-8 cents per acre and shortly after-
ward sold his acquired holdings at $1 per acre,
there was something "rotten in Denmark," ar-
guing that the State should have had the benefit
of this advanced price and not an individual.
The inference was that there was something
wrong in the department, that favoritism was
rhown and that there was a general air of secrecy
and unusual expediting in this deal.
Investigation by THE SUN shows that the same
usual methods were pursued and that for the
EVER IumisiVlu WAS PAID for lands in the
In the first place it must be understood that thi
lands bought by Mr. Jennings consisted mostly of
land and water, and what land there is in the
purchase being subject to overflow at high tide,
excepting a comparatively few high points and
The letter in question which it is purported was
an application for this same area, it is intimated,
was in the hands of Mr. McLin and antedated
Mr. Jennings application and bid.
A copy of the letter, which was dated Miami,
July 8, 1905, and addressed to an "exalted official'
(other than Mr. MoLin) has been secured and Mr.
McLin, who has a copy of this letter, says that
when he recently acquired the copy, he was for
the first time aware of the fact that such a letter
Lad been written. The letter reads
"Dear Sir-I am informed that the unsurveye-
swamp and overflowed lands lying Northwest of
the Northwest Cape Sable is in litigation and can
not be bought now. If this is the case would it be
possible to get an option on said lands, pending
the decision of the courts, of what value would
this option be to me, and to whom should I apply
tor itt
"By referring to Atchinson's map, now in the
land office, you can see location of the lands I
want. *. *
"Thanking you for any information you can
give me and with kind regards, I am,
"Yours very truly,
The "lands" applied for by Atchinson amount.
ed to about 1,800 acres of the 50,000 acres of land
and water area bought by Jennings.
At the time Mr. Drake made INQUIRY-NOT
APPLICATION-for a part of the area purchased
by Jennings these lands were not on the market.
Therefore had his application even been made di-
rect there could not at that time have been any
consideration made thereof as It is a well known
fact that were the large number of general appl'-

Croom Pleased

With Dredge
(Continued From Page Four.)
Florida. That's what we want with the land.
We want It to attract actual settlers to people
the country and make it 'blossom u the rose."'
"And what do the people In that section think of
the drainage proposition?
"Why the people are unanimously in favor of it.
They all want It."
"You mean the people in the district affected
by the tax People who will have to pay the
"Yes indeed. They are the very people that
want that land drained. I talked with numbers
of them down there and without an exception they
are toin favor of drainage. All the peoples-tax4
payers and all. More than that, I was told that
Hon. John W. Watson, wno will represent Dade
County In the next Legislature, has declared him
self as strongly lin favor of drainage. He is talk.
ing drainage noW and says he is going to work
for it in te Legislature and give it his entire
support t is ust as I told you, the people down
In the distri that will be affected by drainags
are unaamouy tn favor of It."
"Any oomneocaN between that fact and Mr.
Watson' position on--"
"Now I don't know anything about that," said
Mr. Croon, severely, but with Just the suggestio.:
of a smule.
"Mr. Watson, you know, is being spoken of for

cations, which are made for State lands, reogO
nised and considered, there would not be a single
acre of State lands but what would be literally
plastered with applications and options were any
priority given in this matter,
There has been a slight modification of late to
this established rule, by the Board of Internal m.
provement Trustees, to the effect that Where
State lands are desired applicants may present
the matter to the board, which, however, does not
commit itself by promise or agreement that landM
will be sold to such applicants.
The particular lands in question, the Jennings
purchase, had been withdrawn by the Trustees at
ter suits were instituted against the board and It
was natural that the Trustees would make no mue
until they could Investigate and determine it prop.
er that these lands should go on the market, an
otherwise, if they woula have so decided, the
courts might have granted Injunctions preventing
the sale.
When it was found that the lands were such as
could not be drained-these lands being subject
to tide water-the area was put on the market and
sold to Mr. Jennlngs at a price which the Tras.
tees felt was the full market value.
Out of an abundance of caution the Trustees
nould take this position. They have done no
more, in temporarily withholding these lands from
the market, than was done several years ago dur
;ng the phosphate boom and the time when orange
lands commanded high prices. Similarly the
State School Board withdrew all school lands
from the market and afterwards, without notice to
the public, decided, by the authority vested la
them that it was proper to sell school lands.
It never has been customary to advertise that
any piece or tract or body of land was going to be
At Mr. McLin's ofiee at the Capitol no lists are
kept of people who apply, by letter or in person,
for lands that are not in the market. Neither hae
here ever been printed a list of the. swamp and
overflowed lands on the market.
Commissioner of Agrioulture Hon. B. E. MoLt,
was seen this week and granted an interview.
"Mr. McLin, I suppose you have read the article
in the True Democrat of July 27, in which there
appears a letter from Miami, signed 'x x x."'
"Yes I read the article to which you refer."
"Do you wish to make a statement concerning
the same?"
"I hardly deem it necessary as I am consolouo
of having done no one a wrong nor do I intend to
allow myself to be drawn into a newspaper con-
troversy with anyone."
"But you do not object to state facts?"
"Not at all. It seemed to me that anyone wh3
read the letter and the editorial comment could
not but observe that it was 'a long shot for t
"Let me make this clear.
"A writes B (the editor. of the paper) that 0
told A. that he (C) had, a year or more since,
written D (a "high official") to find out something
about some undesoribed lands in an indefinite teai

gubernatorial honors, and I thought perhaps---"
"Yes, we were very much pleased with the way
the dredge is performing, very much pleased. It.
shows that the accomplishment of the project is
simply a matter of time and of keeping at it. And
when it is finished Florida will have within its
boundaries the richest tearming lands in the
"Since our return the following letter; W
celved by the Governor:
Fort Lauderdale, Fla., Aug. 18, 1906.
Hon. N. B. Broward, Governor,
Tallahaesee, 1a
Dear Sir-The dredge Everglades i still uttind4
away at about the same rate as when you wee
here last week. On last Jriday and Saturday the
rook that we handled was much harder than asy
that we have had, in fact it was ashard aa
rock In this section ever is, and fora W Ut
seemed as though we would have to Me
nmite to break it, but by being careful With t
dredge she out her way through the hardest, saad
today we find It some softer.
The rain has interrupted the work on the
Okeechobee somewhat today, but we will get the
last streak on the sides and ends of her hull to
morrow, and will then begin putting on the
sheathing. In general the work is all progre
Ing very well.
In the event that we find it necessary to use
some dynamite you may feel that we will exercise
every effort to prevent injury or accident to any.
thing or any person. .
Truly yours,

Exit Wetmer.
Jacksonville ha gone a great way toward re.
deeming itself from the odium of belong overrun
and partly governed by negroes tn the, ation of
its City Council in expelling from that body a
negro Iyyer, one Wetmore, who has been a meu*
hbe of the Council for a number of years.
'Wetmore left the city tor an indenite pert
and, after waiting a considerable length0of e
for him to return, the Council declared Mseat
vacant and elected a white man to the dlae '
Wetmore'wa colleague in the no tr
nego w of Jaksonvle, w
he t too hs ob and wt
It uaes be a euateq 5n JaetaM .vlt to II

ritory and that the said D (not myself, as ao01
suposeed) had written 0 something, that 'x I l
deides are the lands Mr. Jennings ought. That.
therefore, it is positive proof hat the Trustes o
the Internal Improvement Vund have dans a mL
wrong and 'x x feels it his duty to af tx e
editor of the True DeImoerat take a grand expos
of a great erime and to met me out clearly as one
who sldetraeked" some o, I .
"I wil state thl,' hpwevyo9 oontienue Mr. M*-
Lin, "that I have a the tter ad letter
books In my otMes mat atret atrohed for tw:
years back and my clerks can fd no oommuuIo
tion from or to anyone by the name of "Drake
concering land matters.'
"Do you receive many letters along t s line?H
was asked.
"I will show you our record of letters whiao
will indloate clearly to you that, In th laUat o$h
years-seine the first sul$s wore filed UaJnast
trustees-that I have written many hundred of
letters to parties, in and out of 'thStait.ln wbhInt
I advised that I had no authority to sell or oar
for sale the swamp and overflowed lands and to
day I have no authority to sell same, except by an
order of the Trustees, as their nMinute will show
when compared with the deeds roording the
sales made, these minutes not being kept in my
"I am willing for you to loqk at thO facts "d
records we have conceorning ths matter and you
oa draw your own conclusions as an anyone elI
who so desires.
"I do not pretend to remember the hundreds
of persons that call at thi office and ask about
lands in a general way. I could not if I so de'
"How about the 'options' on land about which
there has been some comment?" was asked.
"Anyone asking me pereonaly or by letteoe, r&
plied Mr. MdLn, It an option could he had ON
ASKED for the option, I would answer as I have
done at all times, that it Was not -ma "
the State to grant options and that I HAV NO
"Then it would be done and out of my mind and
not likely ever thought of again I Rhv6 at all
times advised all persons that an application for
lands NOT ON THE MARKET gave no prefer
and also that an application to purchase land
ON THE MARKET gave no preference, if ANO.
THER party presented the CABH FIRST. ThWi is
a definite rule of this ofioe as It ha been ever
since I have been here.
"Had the editor of the True Democrat asked me
for the facts connected with this or ay oth I
matter of a publlu nature conaycted with this de&
apartment, he could have obtalued the true status,
as ca anyone by calling to saame.
"I would not give out any incomplete, unettled
transaction connected with any branch of this
department, any more than businesses man would
publish his business matters when under eoasid
creation "

,. ^',


August 18, 1906





Beghuala To 3e An Iq-ortant Factor In County's Agricultural Resource.
. Socuma- t Operation of Hirschberg and Rosenberg *

P lbllitles Ina the successful and profitable
rowing of tobacco in Leon County have been left
to Mears. Hirsahberg & Rosenberg for demoi -
This frm, while In operation at Tallahaasee for
over a decades, did not take up the growing of
tobIaco la Loon County unt the year 1890, whet:
the Arst crop was planted. It was on a compare
tively extensive scale for that time-I- acres be.
ing set out-with results so e nently, pleasing,
satisfactory and remunerative as to cause the armi
to increase Its aerea from year to year, and at
present the plans of the firm are for the develop-
am1t of their plantation on the most extensive
sole and broadened scope which It has ever un-
That the soll of Leon County is well adapted to
tobacco .mgrowiag, and especially so toin certain
well favored pectos, was for years a well know'a
fact though no attention was given to its devel-
opment This was evidenced by a number oft
farmers and planters devoting a small acreage to
tobacco, as also by the small patches of tobacco
which were to be seen cultvlated. in an unpreten-
tious manner, around negro cabins.
None of these, however, raised shade grown to.
bacco, their crope being limited entirely to sun
grown tobacco, whica is now superseded in acre-
age by the shade grown.
The original Hirschberg & Rosenberg plant.
tiUon still In operation, located 1 miles from
Tallahassee, consisted of to acres, this plantation
being 5 miles beyond the new H. & R. plantation
at Lake Jackson.
At the latter this firm began operations in 1903
the first crop coming in in 1904, there being at
present 60 acres, all shade grown tobacco, under
tultivation. Mr. Hirsohber makes frequent trip,
to the Lake Jacksoe plantation looking after the
work of preparation incident to an Increased acre
ape, some 16 acres or more, which the firm has
under way.
This will call for the cultivation of over 75 acres
of shade grown tobacco, and to meet the output a
series of mammoth structures will be erected, in-
eluding a number of packing houses and curin.r
laru, givima employment to a large force of
hands reiredin their construction. At tho
Lk Jako platation on the Georgia. Florid t
and Alabama Rallway line, there has resulted an
a -cosequence more than a settlement Splendl4
dwellings ave been put up; a oommlesary has
been buit and there are also a postofloe and an
upresa oe e. The home of the superintendent is
a commodious and handsome structure oomparinu
most favorably with the modern city residence.
In fact everything at the Lake Jackson plant.
tion is modern and of the very bet, making tho
place most attractive. The pleatation will ulti-
mately have an Immense acreage, as the firm not
only owns 1,600 areas, extending westward from
Lake Jackson to the Ocklocknee River, but in.
tends each succeeding year to enlarge its acreage
of shade mrown tobacco at an increasing rate.
What this means for Leon County p only be

tosin on New Plantation at Lake Jakeen, I
Miles from Tatlahase

faintly estimated. Still more interesting to the
development of tobacco growing in Leon County
Is the fact that the success of Messrs. Hirschberg
& Reanberg is so well understood and known
that others will enter the field and begin opera-
tions on a small scale, leading up gradually to the
establishment and cultivation of large plantations.
many already beginning to make their plans for
the establishment of tobacco farms In this coun-
A number of prominent citizens of Leon Coun-
ty some time ago made application to the Govern-
ment for a survey, inspection and analysis of the
Nl of the county to determine the t position Leo
County could occupy in the production of tobacco
leaf. This survey was most exhaustive and wa4-
undertaken by the Department of Agriculture, an I

Of the Firm of Hirsochberg & Rosenberg.
the report has just been published and distribul
being most highly favorable in its synopsis.
As in the case with Messrs. Hirschberg & I
enberg's lands, other sections of Leon Cou
will, in the near future show the vast impr(
meant which is noticeable at their Lake Jack
plantation, which but a lew years ago was uotb
hut woods and dense forest, while now a thriv
community and an improved estate and town il
be found in its place.
As at their plantation, so also at the sma
ones and the farms, it has been proved that tol
oo grown in Leon County Is as fine in grade
quality of Iaf, as is grown in any other sect
and, as before written, this fact is becoming w
ly known. The government survey and rei
that in the greater part of
Leon County the lands and
*oil are suitable and adapt
able for the cultivation f .
tobacco, both shade an"
sun grown, will have It.
effect In accelerating this
agricultural Industry ot
tse county.
Several miles southeast
of Tallahassee at and near
Houstons. fine tobacco
lands are to be found and
thee, already partially
under cultivation, will be
absorbed and produce
their share of the general
At present the largest
planter of sun grown to
bacco sl A. Wahnish, wnho
hba about fifteen acres
under cultivation. It i s
estimated that there are
about fifty acres of sun
grown tobacco in the
county, a against seven.
light ty-five to eighty acres ot
the shade grown.

The tobacco is grown from seed and harvested ,
cured, packed and baled and then shipped to tinw
Eastern markets where it is bought up by thl
cigar factories there. At the Lake Jackson plain
station the shipments of baled tobacco leaf ar.-
made in carload lots to the Northeast.
In every way the tobacco Industry of Tallal,.,
see is filled with the greatest promise of raidi
growth, development and expanmlon, being an
important factor in the commercial life of Leo'i

Railway Officials on Cungestson.
(Continued From Third Page.)
all got embargoes on right now on account of th.,
In answer to a question by Mr. Burr Mr. For 1,
whose memory was refreshed by Mr. Spencer whit
was present, testified that the transfer tracks to
the St. Johns River Terminal Co. have a capacity
of 35 cars.
Q-Do you think that is sufficient transfiti
space, Mr. Ford? A-I do not
Q-That same space is also used by the Sev.
board, as I understand? A-1-es air.
In answer to questions Mr. Ford said that tho
Southern Ry. Co. and the A. C. L were arranging
to put in two tracks of 50 cars capacity each ht.
iween the two roads for transfer purposes, and
that the time it would take to complete the tracks
would depend upon the labor situation.
In answer to question about the embargo, Mr.
Ford testified that it included everything, lumb. ~
as well as other freights, but that the last eni-
bargo he understood to be on lumber and ties.
Q-Could you place cars faster or with a re.t-
sonable degree of promptness If the shippers
would unload them promptly? A-Yes sir.
Q--Is there any other reason, Mr. Ford, why
these other roads or terminal companies canno.
accept cars from you than the one that the shipl-
pers haven't space on their docks? A-I don',
think so. I think if the situation was relieved,
that is, if they could get some ships In here an I
take the lumber out they could take all the cari
belonging to them.
Q-Have you space of your own on which yo'i
could enlarge your docks? A-Yes sir, we have
plenty of property here, but we believe we hav,
plenty of space at the present time to take care of
double the amount of business we bring into
Mr. Ford declined to answer the question as to
whether or not the other roads had sufficient
terminals, on the ground that he was a new com-
er to Jacksonville and not sufficiently acquainted
with the matter.
Q-Don't you think it is your business to taie
care of any business offered to you? A-Frora
other roads?
Q-Yes, connecting lines. A-It is if we
should go into that business and lease people
space to our docks, but I don't think we are obli-
gated to go ahead and build terminal facilities
for other roads.
Q-Have you sufficient yard engines to properly
drill the cars in your yards? A-Well, I think we
have sufficient .force.
Q-Mr. Ford, you heard Mr. Siser's testimony
(Continued on Page Seven.)

Scene on old, original H & Plantationm 14 MHis
Frem Tallahawse*.

'*' <


Muat 18,






Gossip qf ad About Floridlans Great ad Greater Who Wt th CdMtSl ,WW


They Hae To

Among'the visitors to the capital aii week Wti
Mr. John L. MoU alP n of Quincy, whose name is
always assooate with tobacco culture in Gads-
den County. Mr. MoFarlin'has watched this In.
dustry w from its Infancy to Its present huge
proportions and has come to be considered an au-
thok t on the sUbjeot; indeed, so well known is
.h4 eo with the growing of tobaooo that
Mr. Mt li Wa killed before the Commlttees
t Alloe A of *oth Hol m and enatet

Another visitor of note last week was iM.
Charles A. Finley of Lake City, his mission to tha
capital being two-fold. Mr. Finley sla a candidate
for the position of Secretary of the Senate and is
not missing any opportunities for making friends,
and, incidentally of course, votes, and he has Just
been appointed custodian of the University prop-
e'ty at Lake City until such time as final disposi-
tion may be made thereof. The property con-
mists of the land and the buildings once occupie:l
h the University. The buildings are insured anJ
tf o se require some supervision. The State as
tO-deed to Lke Cit all this property and to reT
tutn In addition there the ila or $10,000, given
When the school was located at that place, oondi*
tioed uplon its remaining. The removal of the
Unlversly necessitates the return of the property,
Whieh wi1, however, probably not be accomplish.
ed until the litigation that Lake City is now ap*
plting 9 balm to a Wounded soul is ended.
Mr. linley said smilingly, in reply to a question
ta o lis faddldey: "I am going away from 1Tal-
lZI6 Wo4o happiet t t* wnet I osme, beadeu I

hatoe ielved some suranoes of support that I
had not etpeied. t have been Immred and Iso:
lated so long I thodtbt I had been 0lot to l'
with no probability of being 't 0 femor det fanJ
it was a pleasant surprise to receive the- lat i
assurances of support. Ies I'm going away Mtndo*
apapler than I came." In any event Lake City
CANNOT lose in the matter of furnishing the next
Senate with a Secretary.
Ho1n. J. IH Humphries of Bradentown, Senator
frots the 6It Distiot, was at the Leon several
days this Week M. HUtnphrie is State Apat o!
the Business Meol' Mutual Protective As"e0O.l
tion ft whose interest he It visiting West .orld.
"Oeditori are not a Well protected In U'lor4da
as they might be" tsad the senator "o they u~tM
eek protection Itn thi Way. 'the AgoolatlonA u
a lfrke temberihip now i all the larger towns
and cetied, and I at organizing the mainle towns
In the cdmn6 a. lteela med are drawflIte
these aiseooatioa efted6 I egsltures fal to give
adequate protege tibd,at least fer hate failed
thus far."
"Are there any gubernatorial aspirandt down
your way, Setatort he was asked.
"Well, not in my own county, but we claim Gil-
christ as from our district, you know. Now I
won't say that Gilohrist is going to be the next
Governor of Florida, but he's the idol of DeSoto
County and there's no doubt about that"
Hon. Nat R. Walker of VWakulla County was one
of the familiar figures on the streets of the capi-
tal city one day last week. It is said that news*
papers all over West Florida keep this line set
up for frequent use: '"Old Iat,' as he is faml-
larly and affeotonately called." and so on. bo-
cause he IN "Old Nat" to the majority of the pop-
ulation of Florida, and 1I so called "familiarly
and affectionately." The mention of his name
in almost sany rowd Is suffcent to set men to
"reminissing." One of the incidents In Mr.. Wal-
ker's life tbst this. writer recalls Is that during
the session of 1899 he was appointed Chairman of
the Committee on Agriculture la the House of

.. <

Repreestatien and he remarked, .With S Nm.SS
SI fpm te wason for amy RoW MRtrow
tree frowItn out In tront of my offe down IW
Waklla Co1 ty. T"t's thextet of my a'g.
oultuiral tereut' so that MUT be, the reMSn
IV. Walk.o nowa a qr Readis
Ulerk of the Pae dl be eleMt
with little, tW e *

Attorwy,-ho e is thet AfqiiW a
County sad a mUlitUW t mWan add.t
the ialk of Colonel on the .
wa when the militia we t 4t A
Toen -g0 that Wol. AoN a
hant $pdSie that Iot mOit thlge
of "Boy Orator" and wtm It
those who heard it as "a '
so young iMUL. MIr. lnoyd twith
vetwans and has ever falld to tak a
an orator. One gift he hu Whi ltal t N on.
eraldly known., the gtft of POM. 0,KN 4 K Uppo.
ed t be his model, In SeRa tt It nIe k amUW.
Former State Superintendent W. N. Sheta sIi
cited the capital this week for the purpnsof eakt-
Ing arrangements to move his family to li ltny,
where they will In future rerte. It wffl b r
membered that in a peitoun teme of THU iUNM
(Leon County Edition) mention wa made,of tth
fact -that the County Boara of Publc Isteuttl
bad elected Mr. Sheata principal of tO l
County High School. No an Ionmtit of tM
fact ever appeared, other than the artle t TUi
SUN, but the correotnees of the Informaton n
by this Journal is now -Wome out by .t1.
Mr. Seats says he will come to .alt.Ty to
live next month, and will be the principal o the
Loon County Hlsh Bshool. Mr. Sheats was
known as one of the best Instructors In the tate
before he became State Superintendent of Publio

- .-..-.... ~ -. -.

Railway Officials on Congestion.
(Continued from Page Six).
here yesterday. What explanation do yo mak3s
Shl having ordered a number of cars pla6 d.
i tII Of the statement you now make that
Sh to lead tbem? A-Mr. Siser, as
d itmdit dot unload his lumber. F. M.
Utidlds t ere' lumber and unloadii
bth ttinl, d jiA at this point on our ex.
ot terminals Ja La& to ottnload Mars.
Ptts-Mfl lso st ated that he wua not busy
ha h -,-d cLr for the different
cosnteues. A- W 6 dock yesterday
and M are Is a ship tied uthe fltW for the first
time in some time. We would leditte to allow
them to pile more lumber on the docks.
Q-Coming back to Mr. Stler's space. Did
Mr. Biser have any space at the time he was or-
dering the cars he spoke of yesterday? A-I
don't know how they arrange that among them.
selves, whether It was Mr. Biser's space or some-
body else's space. It was all given to Mason and
he wasu unloading for several people.
Q--Mr. fhser and Mr. Mason both stated that
tnese cars could have been discharged. A-Well,
I wish to put a statement In there. Joe King,
Jr., has 7? ca on hand at the present time in our
yards and S1ser has 25 and-
Q-Walt, Mr. Ford. Would you mind my ask-
ing you a question as to each one of those? A-
No sir.
Q-How long had Joe King's cars been on
hand? A-I haven't got the dates and I would
have to go to the office to get all that.
Q-You couldn't answer that question, then,
with regard to any that you menUtioned? A-No
not as to how long they ha.-e been here.
Q-Mr. Ford, why haven't the employees under
you given answers to communications from con*
sixnees relative to care they have In the yards?
In answer to several questions along this line
Mr. Ford finally referred the matter to Mr. Spen-
cer, who was present
Q-Mr. Ford, you realise that this congestion
here and the delays In supplying cars to the mills
and other interests, is threatening the very busi-
ness life of our Institutions, don't you? A--I
realtse that It is not only thrateanng their Itm
but It Is threatening ours also. I think that o-
Interests are entirely mutual and that where eow
is afeeted the other tis
Q-4ht MsitlM It Jakm Uills mae It

more possible to supply cars to the mill promptly,
doesdn t it? A-W oft mnkes It harder. But I
mut say that the consignees In Jacksoville have
certainly dole a great deal to help out the dhitu.
tion. They have loadedd cars 100 feet back
from the docks and dome it cheerfully and we
haven't kept up with the demands of the mills.
The whole trouble is that they haven't got any
ships in here to take It out.
In answer to series of questions the witness
*aid that the congestion In Jacksonville had not
interfered in any way with any perishable move.
meant In the State.
Q-Mr. Ford, suppose one of these lumber ship.
pers here desires to move a vessel Do you
think he ought to charter the vessel and have It ac
your dock before he goes to moving the lumber
from the mills? A-Well, I don't think It ought
to be as broad as that but about the time he
placsh an order for the lumber he ought to place
an order for a ship to take it away.
SQ-Well now, Mr, Ford, if you desire, to make
any remarks Just proceed in your own way. A-
Well, I would like to submit to the Commission a
blue print of the new terminal docks that we have
put In Jacksonville, Pla. I do this on account of
the testimony give yesterday that the railroads
were not keeping Op with the business. I wish
to state that we have enough dock space In Jack.
sonville to take care of twice the amount oftlem.
ber that comes In over the A 0. L ft itf is pro-.
erly handled after it gets to Jacksonville and wa-
ter transportation is provided. 'I wish to add that
we have placed a new yard at the export tenmrlal
docks to hold 274 cars, which is considered amnpl
as a storage yard for the new terminal ddoce. We
a berth at thit dock 16 ships at one time. In
addition to the blue print of the terminal docks
I wish to ile with the Commission a blue print of
a new yard we have built In Jacksonville Ia the
last two years to take care of the business with
the storage capacity of 1000 cars. This In addI.
tion to the new yard that was built about three
years as to take care of the Increased busneesq,
Mr. Ford then filed otner papers showing the
number of cars handled by the A. 0. L., the num.
ber of can each firm brought Into Jacksonville
over his line, all tending to show that his line
handled its full share of the business. ontinuinl
he said:
In my honest opinion I believe nearly the
whole trouble In aekeonvl ie Is caused by lack
of water trmanportaWon. That MtagMest overr.

the situation and I want to say that the A0tlaaeo
(osot Use feels that it ha not ly kept up with
but has terminal facllitim to take are of its o*n
business in Jacksonville for soame time to como.
Uinol B. Spencer war the et it B,3
ngs sworn he d that he w S e ent of
Tertminals for the Atlantic st U t akso*
ville and that there wor at that tlme tn Jaol oa-
ville 818 cam on his termialo loaded w(t lAtn
ber and tls.
Q-How many of those have been ovE
placed by the consignees? A-I should us that
there have been at least 9 per aent of theeups
ordered in onnee otion with A other orde.
Q-Wy doat you place the ars or4ed A
-fr the reason that we bavent trak room on
our dock at the points where the cars have been
Q-Have any consigbees who have ordered cars
p lcd space to unload them at preset1 A-
There is some tl0e space on o 0r do tF W.m
eat where e maght put In a fw but I
should say no room tor over 10 per c ~,
rarn that sre on hand and have been border



4, ...
9.. -

' A '


1- .1

SrA~tIIA~vl4~dtI~ 906




Skit. L ife minc.-Nvi h the 'fme.
During the last seeslon of the Legislature a bill to provide a department
of State Life Insurance was efted by itlibuster.
recommendation for the pwsa e of such a bill was contained in the
message of the Governor, and so strongly did this idea take hold ot the Leg-
Islators, that it was not until the last day of the session that the bill was
put to deAth, ad then the death ame, not by natural means, but by a par-
lliMentaly trick which prevented the RBAL ISSUE FROM BEING JOINED.
W ,0 $ laa(at Governor Browad is not gifted with the powers of divina-
tion, thereore we say that he was PARTICULARLY FORTUNATE in choos-
lug the RIGHT TIME to urge this measure.
Within a feW months after the defeat of the State Insurance Bill the Arm.
stroke I surance Committee was in session, and the revelations brought out
ina that Committee were such as to shake the confidence of the people in the
old 1omp0sales. If the State of Florida had been in the insurance business
It wold have been a very fitting and peculiarly fortuitous time.
People who were dropping policies In the old insurance companies would
have taken out policies with the State, because CONFIDENCE IN THE IN-
SURMR is the PARAMOUNT inducement to the insured.
Had the State Insurance Bill become a law the State would have done a
big business from the start.
But It is not too late.
The report of the New York State Superintendent of Insurance for 1906
shows en enormous los nla business to the old companies.
New business fell of $151,734,854 for the year.
This enormous decrease In new business shows that the people have not
regained their -confidence In the old companies and Indicates that the State
of Florida has a opportunity to go Into the Insurance business, at least
equal to the opportunity it had when the bill was pending during the last
There can be no real argument brought against State life Insurance.
T State possesses the element of confidence to a degree superior to that
Of any corporation, however large its assets may be.
It would require no enormous surplus to tIsure the payment of Its losses,
for the credit of the State would be behind them and if there should not be
sufficient money In the treasury In any one year to pay losses during that
year, the State could borrow money at a low rate of Interest until the re-
oipts took care of the deficit.
Estimated show that It costs but $12.50 per thousand to carry life Insur-
All the rest is expense loading.
The State would not need an expensive organisation.
Most of the illso Incident to the business and brought prominently out by
*he Investigations would not be present in State insurance. There would be
no it bates; there would be no juggling of assets; there would be no specu.
lating with surplus, because there would be no surplus.
The State could do business by Inviting all of its citizens to take out life
insurance WITHOUT SOLICITING thefo to do so.
No comparative statements would have to be made showing the superior-
Ity of State Insuranoe over other Insurance.
But the principle Item, the moot Important item, the item that appeals
most strongly to the people of Florida is the fact, that if the State was engag-
ed la the life Insurance business, PREMIUMS COULD BE CUT ALMOST
We suggest to Governor Broward that a State Life Insurance paragraph
would be a good one to Incorporate in his message to the Legislature of 1907,
and we suggest to the members who will sit in that body that they see to it
that a filibuster doesn't defeat it next time.
Sheriff CAoter Urforlmutle but ncompetent
In vlow of the large sprinkling of that peculiar kind of demagogues w3
have In this State, which we will describe as RICH DEMAGOGUES, it ro-
quires a considerable amount of nerve for us to print two editorials the same
'week which ean be construed as endorsements of tno Governor.
The reason for this is that these rich demagogues have selected the
present Governor as a target for their attacks and are apt to class any paper
that express approval of his acts, as that weakest of all wishy washy
But, we have found by ACTUAL EXPERIENCE, that it requires nerve
and plenty of It. to publish a papqr that TELLS THE TRUTH, no matter
whom It might help or hurt.
When we Sad that we ass getting short of this commodity we will get
out of the business.
So. In ste of the opening we ay give to the demagogue gang, rice
That Governor Brward did right suspending from office Sheriff Ca'r-
tor of Citrus County, who failed to protect his prisoner from the mob whicg,
lynched him.
The Governor did not oact In haste In removing Sheriff Carter.
He got full information, covering all the facts, and considered them well
before he acted.
The facts are-
That the Sheriff arrived In Inverness at 6:$0 p m. and the prisoner was
not lynched until 9 o'look. That the Sherift made no effort to summon
pese to unard the alil, giving as his reasao for this talle, that it would
ae ben no use because he could not get a pose who would offer any r-
estance to the mob.
SSheriff Carter HAD NO RIGHT to allow his OPINION to Interfere witu
Id PLAIN DUTY to summon a poes and protect hie prisoner at all has-
If he had done so and the posse had ailedhim, as he surmised it
would, then the blame would have been on the posse and not on the sheriff.
Ia his tlestimony before the coroner's jury the sheriff said: "When I
came late the court house five measked mea rabbedt ame by the arm and held

me there until the thing was over."
it was unfortunate for Mr. Carter that he shoulhie a*Allowed hinigeit
to be caught by five masked men or any other number of Masked meu an
prevented from doing his duty.
But the State of Florida needs sheriffs to guard the lives of Its citiz(,n1
and to uphold its laws, that are resourceful enough 'to prven, themselv,.
from being grabbed by five masked men WHO S!uv AS PUBLIC A
It appears from the evidence also that there was gross carelQssness (113.
played in handling the keys to the jail.
They were placed In the sae of a drug store, whlek safe was No
LOCKED, and the two men who were sent after them knew Just where to
look for them.
After grabbing the store keeper by the arm and asking him for the keys
and getting no answer they turned away from him, WENT STRAIGHT T)
THE SAFE, opened It and found the keys.
These men were also masked but their disguise was not sufficient to

SJohn A. 6rahaRm-Whitew

Senator Joseph Humphries of Bradentown who now repr g
hassee last Monday morning.
In answer to questions put to him by me, Senator Ilumphr
ocratic Committee last Wednesday, which met, AT YOUR INSTIGMAT
I have made against you from time to time, in this journal.
I have determined that it would be a waste of time and a il
mittee, the members of which have shown themselves to be so preju
The committee, after listening to the recital of a string d li1
written by W. B. Owen, excusing you from the charge of forgery whi, I
The committee after failing to give me notice of such meetiq,
made and offering to prove them by ORIGINAL public records, and abl
be represented in person--condemned my paper.
I now again publicly brand you as forger, liar, confidence man,
I further declare that, in as much as I-in presence of two w
deadly weapons, and giving your TWO and my ONE, into the custody of
which I now accuse you; and invited you, with naked hands, to cont
WORD OF DENIAL OF THE CHARGES-I say-because of the fact
Senator Humphries informed me that you told him that you
County Circuit Court, before which I, by your information, ami summ|
AFTER THE ELECTION, so, that before you went before the peop
This kind of talk may fool people wh6 have not had the be
flesh and blood can surpass the poet's fancy of Falstaflan brag, blu
But it does not fool me. For, I have stripped you to y
harm as the shifty eyes turned away from the gaze of one whom truth a
I know that your talk was a bluff, and that you fear aboe
action, where the light of truth could be thrown on it to lay its foul spot
You know when you talked with Senator Humphries that
You knew that if'I am guilty of criminal libel against you,IlI
and that an action would lie against me in the counties of Duval, m
You knew that each of these courts holds six terms per yef,
date and November 6th.
T no longer bandy words with you about who has tile mOd
But, I am going to prevent you from sitting in the Stite IA
your general reputation for smooth and highly polished; virile and always
However, you can shut me off BY SHUTTING ME UP IN J
Quit parading your affidavits and get down to business.
I am under bond to appear in Manatee County November
inal libel. ,
I offer you thie suggestion-
Pick out any one of the five counties (except Monroe) inf
accept service by the sheriff, give bond and be on -had for trial:
PROVIDED; the return is made to the next term of 0ourt0.
IF you are dead sure of your innocence and of your
for as far as you are concerned.
I will be a discredited convict beating my helpless 90iIids 8l
You will be the slandered lamb with fleece washed white 0S1
progress of those whom they delight to honor.
Does not the picture I have drawn tempt you?
Reach out for it! Its youm to frame, if you are ri6h1t andl

prevent them from being recogniZed by the store keper as Jet Davis, erst
while editor removfn the Citrus County Chronicle, which criticlses the Governor
for removing the sheriff, and a former constable of Hernando County who
was removed by Governor Broward for being one of the eadet violators of
t lhe law he was sworn to uphold.
It further appears, and this from the report of the commander of
the troops which, after a series of UNACCOUNTABL~ D YS, reached
the scene about three ours after the lynchinlg had takesla; that the
cell In which the prisoner was confined WAS NOT W
If this was An oversight of the deputy who inagrerated the risour. It
was an unfortunate oversight, and to the prsoer a fatal a -ibut the
sheriff respond -ie for the acts of his depUt*, a t Sherif Carter cou04
have corrected the FATAL OVERSIGHT of is dput I he had gone to
the JI to look after his prisoner, ist"d of goig to th mrt ho e,%and
thereby pglac" himslf l the ha of U t*" ive eWke mm ao aght




Nlh% PA69

Sauiau#4 $lugwt 18,.1906

and held to o TH HOURS, until hia prone was lynched.
We know that the office of sheriff Is a very diicult one to satisfactorily
Incumbents of it are liable at any time to be placed in a position where
they mut either sacrificelo their own lives or take the lives of their neigu.
bors In the peVrfmanace of their duty.
We are not hankerlp after the office of sheriff.
We are Inclined to talnk that we would rather be an editor, thankles as
this Job Is.
But, the State has need for sheriffs who will carry out their duty
REGARDI88A OF THEIR OWN LIVES and those of the lives of members
of mobs which may oppose them.
Mr. Carter, Sheriff of Citrus County, WAS NOT ONE OF THESE.
He was very properly removed.
It got to be such a habit among Florida legislators to refer to the Georgia
law when they were explaining their bills that a session or two ago one by.

ndidate and All Around Grooi
natorial District in the Florida Legislature, was in my office in Talla&

nain points of the defense you made before the Manatee County Dem-
ate the charges of fraud, deceit, forgery and general rascality which
)tion of vital tissue, for me to attempt to undo the action of the comn-
vor and so unfair to me.
by you, and the reading of the lying letter which you alleged was
LF MADE AGAINST YOU six years ago in Tallahassee, whitewashed

tening to the letter I sent to the chairman repeating the charges I had
persons of PROVEN VERACITY; and after failing to give me time to

rhom one was a man you brought with you, after disarming you of two
and Mr. A. K. Taylor; did accuse you to your face, of all the crimes of
rith me; which invitation you did. not accept, nor did you utter ONE
lated, I now publicly declare you to be a cowardly knave.
put me in the penitentiary; and that you regretted that the Manatee
to answer to a charge of criminal libel, DID NOT MEET UNTIL
tid shame of my charges against you could be proven by a judicial
knowledge of you to instruct them how far a REAL ARTIST of
ed hide, and have seen the craven flesh quiver with the fear of bodily
ade your master.
raving only an honest man, to face your past record in a court in an
counties in this State in which Criminal Courts of Record are estab-
led the crime in every county in this State in which my paper goes,
-, Monroe and Escambla all of which have Criminal Courts of Becordb
TERY ONE OF THEM will be in session at least once between this
affidavits, touching on and appertaining to your raacabty-
i. And I a.ulte sure that my recital of specific cases, together with
mndrelis~~- iB enable me to do the trick.

I'EN DAYS AFTER ELECTION, to answer to your charge of crim-


Courts of Record, notify me of your selection, and I will

re said will be held BEFORE THE GENERAL ELECTION.
d sure of witnessing my conviction; and I and my charges are done
I of my prison-
:o victory In the glory wagon that the people use for the triumphal

.0 "


stander of the usual wise type suggested that it might save time and money
for the Legislature to adopt the Georgia statutes as a whole, as pretty nearly
every bill Introduced was said to be, "Just like the Georgia law." But they
do pass some good laws In Georgia Just the same, and about as good a one as
any we have ever neard of is the one passed at the last session, prohiblti
child labor. We have plenty of children working in fhtories in Florid
right now. A prominent labor leader informed us a short time ago that one
cigar factory in Tampa employed in the neighborhood of 110 children. It
won't be long before we'll have cotton malis n Porida. Then we will be up
against the child labor question sure enough. North Carolin and So0th
Carolina got the factories before they took the presatlo to child t
laws and so strong was the factory lobby that it took TWiLV TUAU TO
PASS THM after the factories were established It wold be well fo
Florida to profit by the ample of her sister Sttes and pas the anti-child
labor laws eftt

weeWards Hat ee Ac P
When Governor Brward offered to us the cop o th p
aIn for ooptrlbutlons of monet and -stamps idt d MUi inthe boa f
literature that would estate a beatnm*nt amnst the t f" *r the
proposed Conittuiot n Asendieat aa ofvt et the wti k eof *t V WO.
hired speakers and lawyers and statldised he*papes ALL
to the creation of sentiment OPPOSED to the Constutional Amd6nt
we told him that we did not think It was advisable for him to publish It.
We told him that it was an Udigfied thing for the Governor of the
State to d. .
We told him that he should rest oontt w$ith p. rmng his duty pro.
scribed by the statutes and that It was not up to W14 dT4u0ate the people.
We told him that If the literary bureau people and% seled news-
paper men and the Dublic speaker and ao0 t dratnrage ag were
to VIOLATE ANY LAW In carrying out e orders9f th master, fT
But, that we. did not think the Governor of the State uotd place ublim
self upon the level of the people who were attempting to nulify a State law
by questionable methods, though entirely legitimate one, by engagIng In
this unseemly oontrovery. ..
But Governor Broward has a habit of THINIG OR HUMotL' ad4
when he gets through thlng, of action Jus as he deterle aIn his awn
He follows no beaten track. He doesn't let a little thing like dignt, or,
rather, the lack of It, stand In his way, it he wants to carry out his Ideas.
We have been thinking over this aince the public atlon of the pr"olaas-
tion and we are not nearly so much opposed to It NOW as we was when we
first heard of It.
It is somewhat crude and, as we hae said onsderbly lakng In. dig
nlty and poise, BUT IT IS GTRAIGHTFiORWARD ad ha Stl of the
man, who has shown himself to be possessed of Initiat of a high order,
Governor Broward is a people's man nla the true and tui sense of the
He was elected by a direct, straightforward appeal to the people.
He has learned to rely on the people, and his gexleene Ia S taught him
that an appeal to the people IS NEVER MADE IN VAIN, provided tMhe ap
peal be honest, direct and straightforward, no matter f some of the r4
are lacking to the clothing la which the appeal s presented.
Then, again, whatever opposition we maght have felt to this g8srnato
rial passing of the hat, has about petered outlaw n ae of the trembMd
cess It has met with. S
That proclamation asking for small cotrbuios th p
not Into the hands of the readers of THE SUM eme ,y .twweeks a. ,
MONDAT'S MAIL brought In answers o tann oey and pa n .
All last week the letters and the money and the stampe-sad now an
then a check or two-have been coming in, and the total, up to Wedneday,
of this week, the day of this writing, has reached prtty nearly 00.
It is well known that the present Governor of PFlorida has formed tho
habit of doing unexpected things.
It Is coming to bo about equally as well known that the unexpected
things he does MNw WITH PUBLIC APPROVAL.
We predict tt thq Governor will get the amount he asked for, and
if he does Will present to every registered voter it this State the true
situation In regard to the drainage and relaxation of th verglade, la
such concise, straightforward. UNDERSTANDABLE FORM-
Ohl t SInW and alsho OO hi Ra
Last Saturday we were like a sun owner after a o drth.
Our leaves wore ,wilted and our petals ahrveled up i11bout to dropo1
The wh reached u fro Manatee ad With
breath, scrohed us so that our wilted frame was ely able to ssta
the vital spark within us.
Before that read vsitation i t form of the ooqmnat o by
the Manatee Count ietooiv Committee, o9the OO CIOUSNmU O
RIOGHT, had Inpired u to hold high our had.
We thought that In exposing the raslites of one who offered himself
as a servant of the people, as we were doing In the case of oban A. Graham,
we would be sustained by the approval of the good people of Manatee
County. o.,
But alas! How vain was our hope t I
Our buoyant soul, expecting the uplifting ry "Well done.' met Instea4
the withering touch of codeimnation.
So we were sick, sore and sorry, and almost cast down.
As we write this, (Wedneday) though but three days of this preant
week have come and gono -
We are revised, nvigorated, and look the world in the fa e
with renewed hope an d oug
THE MAIL5 HA U la our direction fort. pt th0e"
days. Ittes, like the rain to the pare a
. lng in to us from Manatee C containing expresns ofs

A. _raanm oytr .thfootn aFW PaorW to heaOre
fool those who as teers,
ublsed io Ma.ate C ty, which __,led a e + ,
This tip was that they had better go slow abouteupre s
on this Graham business that we wee goins to win ot t.
that we had the proot, lote of It, stacks of.
We advised tlem, while not asking anything at
a position which theywould find untenable In ths ftae
able to make ANY TIM THAT WU AR GIVN A



* I

We sn that the SaanI
congsted oo*dltwa of thI
which moral is that ridi
it Savannah. The Ftrest 1
was to be epected that iti
we It. Jacksonville amers
boe eUally as quick to see t
this sialfses.



August 18, o6
^ 1 *

of Jim

ishman, Moonhine

.. .......11. 4 4 '. 0 ears orablyoand hadoI a
woa wansold rforPgllant-
Sn ,. e wsF knownA l "the silent
1eepW1 P o o 1 r on account of his extreme rot-
of tUts laA Sot the When Pruitt reahed St Lois
sp ta be~en t la tpbsy opow wow was held In Capt Morgan 'd
t'Vaky I was In ..l. imP
ahim et ageetl ou.itdnt, "0an you get him, Pruitt? askel
Iebe olia'cirg asr *op If he doesn't kill M9,1 laconl1
be" b s adin. call replied Pruitt
s Ota f bp Vat and n "UWeligo ahead and get him. Heres
tbhlr VboUdlf dvoilvo 'the work of your warrant Use your own methods
arrwtinu moonahimam.. a to men and money; don't be nl
,S agf$ ainst hardly, only 'get him,' snapped Mo
oFederal law and as uch was punish.- pan,. remembering Judge Treat'd
able by United States courts In the harsh n-deowltioP
summer of '71 the fedel court sit. "Won't ttke imahy men or much
tin at St., Lol w espe lly active money," said Prultt, glancing around
In nvetlgationu; rSd lurns work. the room. His eye lit on Jack Oho
ed daily and tavigtl at were ney. "Ill take Cheney, there; that'll
ret and ad arratt ud. The be enough.". ..
serving of theo warrnath was o easy "Dont be a damned tool, Pruitt,"
matter because the m as replied Morgan. "It'll take more than
maintained a pretty good "look out" two menO"
to St. Louis that tipped o all offed. "Didn't you tell me toue my own
ers. The oullprits eo lived methods as to meni and 1efistt Welii
down In the interior of Miouri and I'l take Chen*e and get Ie6h*ni
Arkagms asd when the secrett service unless Cheane doett Wlt the job.
men arrived, 'the bird had dflown" This last with a 4d1Wl while his eyes
and the warrant would be returned looked two Iparks of fire through nar
Jim Flelshman, a native of North row Or cks
Jim iaedshman, an tive of North Cheney had his smile and said: "I'r
Carolina, but an active Arkansas with you, Pruitt-till hell freezes and
mooblner, was ohe of the most *a- then It necessary I'll cross over on th<
grant offenders. Numerous warrant loe."
had been assed for his arrest, but not "That's all I want," said Pruitt, "I'l
an offer had been able to bring him meet you at two this afternoon at Liek
in. Judge Tret, presiding judge of boldt's place and tell yot, what to do
the federal district court sitting in tI So long, Morgan. o long evet
Louis, was great stekler for action body," and Prultt was gont.
In his court; when a warrant was Ii. Morgan kntW Pruitt well enough I.x
sued he wanted it served; t was a kaow hke ment just what he paii
United State warrant, and itf one of- Still he was somewhat dublous aDod
flor could not serve t-"get two, pt hi getting Fleashmalu With only on
three; if neoesar, t troops," were man, even if thit man was Cheney.
his commanaa. Preaularly wroth At two o'clock Cheney and Pruit
was the Judge over the failure to e met at Leiboldi's place on the level
cure Mr. Jinm leoshman It was m Pruitt's one weakness wa dires, An
mored Fletshman had been in 8t. in the interim between the meeting I
Louis and had made Slighting M Morgan's ooe aUnd two o'clock he na
marks about the United States au- rIsng himself out Ilkie a fablo
thoritles in general aand Judge Trest'e pI & He wuld4 hadly Ibe taken ft
court tn paroular. Again Mr In. a dputy tulted States marshal oO
man weold a .pbar down In botithern afteol a moonshiner. His plans we
Missouri or orthem Arkan"a it matured and his instructions vev
wa told he even played poker with an brief.
offloer on a uiualpi river boat
while that am W n his. way to "Cheney, I want you to meet me a
s Point Pleasant one week from today
Gon. o JohnW. afterward I YOu will leave on the steamboat 'Bell
d s01t foWapt. Naoble arwardsieof Bt. Louis' and l to Meemphis, p o
arrittao'S tcabUle and at that time there ad, and k eep dark and th
to oStates dls htr attorney take the boat next morning back t
MisSouh, also was greatly OW t Pleasant. You ought to reA
to land e aisbnmaan. Judge Trit andbot dusk t he same evel.
S Gen. Noble had f oo itultttlot one da will be on or near the dock. Dont yc
and aent for (apt Jaob Mor eo gse me at all. Just keep yo
acting United 8tat Mahall, to ome ey open and follow me after tl
Into court, and when he tivod boat ha left. Understand?"
jdik raked him over the oeal in "Sure thing, Pruitt. I understand
good Shape. In substance his honor and I'll be there all right."
aid: "I don't have to tell you to con
*This court does not propose to be well armed. Jim Fleishman Is a craig
trifled with any longer. Warrants shot and we've got to trap him like
have been lassued time and again or bear--nap his claws first" Again ti
the arret of Jim Fleahman but nevo old Missouri "8 long, Jack," and Prul
er Served. Now I want one served." was gone.
The court Wa Iatormed that dill- Cheney made his preparations ai
cent efforts had been made to land when the "Belle of St. Louis" left 4
lelshman; moa had been speat her next trip he was a passeng4
freely and men R led In the attempt Dolph Zoeiler, the boat's capital
The Judge admitted that all this might knew Cheney and made him comfol
be true, but the het remained Feih able In hisa cabin. The trip wasa
man was till at lare defyng the goV* eventful and at Memphis Cheney el
eminent and brgng the ourts Into barked. He kept under cover all d4
ditrepute. "et me ; sn; peeatnd early the next morning he was
more money; l in the army if meo e on the "Vickabur" boui
e-iry; gtot sfa ad the u Abot Meven p. m. three loi
udge. "1 don't cae how you do It; b lta announced the approach
ust get him." Point Pleasant When thq gang-plai
Capt. Morgan was a allant old So* was swung out Cheney leisurely wa
dier, not afraid of man, beat or devil; ed ashore keeping his eye out e
the judge's words stung him and he Prultt Pinally he saw him seated'
.resolved to get laishman or quit his a pile of lumber oarelely whitUlin
place. He assubled his staff and stick. Prultt' fine clothes had be
sent for Capt Val Pruitt, deputy laid aside,. and at this time he w
United states marshal at Poplar Bluff, dressed In homapun and held a c
near the Arkansas line. pipe between his teeth. He look
Val Pruitt had been a "forty-alnner.'" (or all the weald like an Arkans
a bull-whacker, soout, ahotgunm me. cracker. The boat discharged a ft
msge for Wel' argo, ad was absio pu gers and a small amount
lutely without fear. When the clvil freight and then poking her noae In
a rokout Prtae est elist- the ddy proceeded on h
ed tn the Frt Misouri cavalry, sea way to I t.

















m mmw

-, 1


Pruitt got up ftrom his resting p W
retched and yawned. and then *y b
walked up ths IQ r tree1 I A
tor, w% ddreaed aa A & v ai
ad followed Pruitt. Near the edge
I the settlement (It could hardly be
gnifled by the name of city or toW l) p
ruitt disappeared Ifl the Wnood. p
beney followed; tii had not gone 0
ar whbl the two men met. .t
"Howdy, Cheney. Got here all right, rc
see. Are you ready for a bunch of h
cxltement?" h
"Hello, Val. Yes, I'm ready. What' afl
he lay?" o
"I'Ve located Jim Mtlelhma about h
0 miles back In the woods. He's got I
pretty good place, and evidently t j
hink e's secure. He's livifi With m
is wife and two children, 1' bIaed o
he trail out to We WOn't get lot. it tl
lot a very good road, but w a8 t e
ut all right. It' d foW aer eight m
lockc. and wt ought to get out thbre a
Wy i:ll. The, It all goes *ellk,wd it
will pll Flelshman ain be ,.k here l1
y daylight and take tlh frit bit
aorth" ,te ..
kat l t6 wdik 9 miles between
loW and 11:30?' asked Cheney, with N
ust a faint suspicion of sarcasm in c
his voice. 1
"Nope," replied Pruitt, not notliU a
Ing the shaft. "Come ona." He set
>ut at a good paoe and Ohenoe fOl, i
owed. A short distaiee d he*Q ald !
they Geae to & iWall clearing 1i' t
whith Wrei hitlhed three orsesg sad. '
lied and bridled. Pruit dLdl't hib d
au# doubt tht hb Woid bria baik
Lfetihfthtil hence the third horse.
It was quite dark when the mepi
rode out on the winding trail. Silent.
ly they eontittied on their way. There
WtU no moon and heavy clouds ob.
secured the stars, and presently it be.
gsan to rain, gently at first, then @4
downpour. A pretty iftlron if ld
sprung fi t nd it WAs mAghty slo
tavelitig 16 tollo* the trail. Tl
hoIsel Wfee ture-fobted db i gl But
this pushlg tid thtitgh the almost
I tAbtI**ifle darkness was a bit un*
canny. The animals became nervous.
The flashes of lightning were blinding
&nd the constantly rolling thunder re
minded Cheney of a vigorou bornm
bardment of the great g1ns ot the ar-
tillery In the old army tf the Pot -
mac. Several times the trail WailOlpt
the stofmk h Uikg Whshed or biowd
away the blazing, and valuable mo.
ments were slipping by. stead 4t
reaching Fleishlkh's at ll:b0, as orl-
inllly "alted, it Was oie o'clock
whln Pruitt drew rein and said:
"About 100 yards furthe illnd W
come to his house. We'l hitch them
animals herB, then you go to the front
1door and rap. Fleishman will suspect
something wrong, and come out th.a
back way. He'll try to get back about
half a mile whe,'e there are a number
of moonshiners living. I'll nab him,
and then we'll hike for the river, of
he comes your way, however, and
tries to break, let him have It. Don'
kill him, because I Want to turn himn
over to Jake Morgan alive." All this
was said In a low voice, and the tw
men moved forward. Sure enough,
there was the cabin dimly outlined In
the darkness. Cheney waited until
Pruitt got around the house, and then
quickly, but silently advancing, gave a
sharp rap on the door. He stepped to
one side, pistol in hand, and waited.
Five, ten, fifteen, twenty seconds, and
then he rapped agair. Shortly after.
wards he heard Pruitt's voice say:
"Throw up your hands, Plelshmai,
or you're a dead one!" Cheney went
around the nouse, and there wa'
Pruitt with the drop on Plelshma
who had sense enough to know .t
His hands were up, and Cheney came
up from behln4 and in a minute
had them down and securely pinloneh
behind his back.
"Come on, now, and be quick about
et k." ruitt. "We've got to
Flelshman was put on the third
horse, his feet bound under him, and
The storm had grown worse; the rai

oiog "a @ormpletely gone, hut
rultt ode 91, trsUtng to bull hIck
id horse m
Floehmm r 8o1egs niii o
ie thle. Th 91 trtl was lost ill.
letely, and Prutt tled to make th,,
prisoner indicate the way, but lh.
aly grinned and aodd nothing. FO~i-
hey stopped to lien,and and above t,.
ar of the term Cheney fanched i!
heard horses aPdrPoaohing Pr'ili
heard, it, .to 1 n 4dt ia4 dothtig. 'I.,,
t5u1dered theoalh the boods. ,rjII
nWe doNre t ki l ouho. trait. tii
moried wee.s m Jaded, ut uI..
'ore pushed t lheilnt. Buddhi.l
boni .l ede ipred armed ai
ounted me. Ather wtre about i ti,
f thole Thet hI llved for years il
here Arfi + Woodi, a0d k0tl
very foth0 gro nd. Fl< I.-
man's 2-year.hd so' haa come ovu'
after his apdre an old them & h ut
t Ile W y iddled "d ahid til.
owed the tWo ooeers and Fleishn.l,.
fhe storm worked to their advatu,.
"Hold up you hands, Pruitt, w 'vo
got you cornered; also your pardie,.
We don't want to kill you'. You're to,
lamn brave a man to be shot dfow'
ike a dog. All we want Is Fleishma%:,
and then you can go on your way."
Pruitt'a nerve never forsook lin
or a tfillte, cr did Ohetney'; aint
he kew ihe oth r eilowp held t1i.
rnp dird; e"t bliei' wa tilt IhI!
Tho p&dl"id bt llgh.n i revealed l04
face to heneI, *Ldit was a ien t
study. He haed gVi e )p, bit I,
ilso kne ha. i iniel4 of shotigi
were inied at hble and Cheney, mi i
his first move would mean death for
both of them. He gave up Fleishnav,
and after a little rough badiiii'
about k in away fro tbe: e etlu
aind i 11id 7 teer o bsihnes, lhu
cAvaicade rode aa .with Flelsluiuu.
For once the obrionet of"S1litf
Mo an" oi skimeU.Ap plied idd,
then swore a blue streak. He il't ie
his outburst with an oath that 1. ]
would get Jim Fleishman before l'
hours rolled over his head.
Cheney and Pruitt were a &sit *''
looklin pati Whetn they rtode 1,'
wbang now. TheIalt "1 tel1 ll
Bnhe t ji tA t We9 titled i, ',
the dock ai the e r iode.n.. Tey ,wl
aboard, ali Cit. Zelgler mde Ill,"
coifortmdbei In th6 t 0Jfldie, or kih
r6bmy cabin Chedey said:
'Well, Pruit., we din't get Fl'i,!
Gen. aNev ad Jack Mdrgan aid, '
Io devil ie ytou and me when thit
warrant's returned non eat Inventus.
ruitt got up, took took the warrant our
of an oil skin case, and said:
"Cheney, that warrant don't go bath:
unserved. Flelshman's got the laottii.
on us now, but wait. Some of thn
gang followed us here .awt us ,(',,
on this boat. Hang them, the:e '
watching now. They'll tell hleilthii"'
and the adit, thai We'V left fdor
Loui. leiger will d out di ashore' I
a saldl boat up the riveb ao plec, :;!"I
well come back. P Flelshmattn h %I
think no revenue' can get hero oagn:'I
for a week, and he and his family iwi
begin to celebrate. That's where
get him. Remember, Judge Tr'.
Gen. Noble and Jack Morgan said, ,
Fleishman,' and we get him!"
In due time the Belle of St. l,',",
proceeded up stream. About for
miles above Point Pleasant ('uI
Zeigler let them ashore in a sel I
boat, which they kept. He gave thi'
provisions enough for a couple
days, and said "he would charge tl
boat to the government."
They pulled the boat up a snm5i
bayou, and, finding a secluded Sl)0'
rested for the day. The sun came ou
and dried their clothing. They slep
ate and smoked, and by dark wer,
as well rested as could be. The'
shoved the boat Into the bayou am
slowly drifted down stream. JU'
above Point Pleasant they wen
ashore, pulled the boat In under sos0i
willows, and crept toward the tow,
(Qontlnue4 lam -ifteisL)

,'-,*. --

Alfit 18, 1906

C. -j,741

NO i I


- I --- r -I I- If I "-t ... :


ThrUil nt

UonXZ3 B bacL4 r
V A. ,i > ,*,: *<, ,- .

C14APTIR V. (Continued.)
Among these hnpot Lunate signs was
one that had caught the attention of
the family by Its pltures. It showed
two very pretty title birds building
themelvea a home; and MarUa had
asked an acquaintance to read It to
her and told them that It related to
the funhing of a house. weatherr
your but," it ran-and went on to
say that It could furnish all the nec'
esary feathers for a four-room nest
for the ludicrously small sum of sev
enty-five dollars. The particularly
important thing about this offer was
that only a small part of the money
need be had at' once-the rest one
might pay a few dollars every month.
Our friends had to have some furne.
turo, there was no getting away from
that; but their Uttole fund of money
had sunk so low that they could hard*
ly get to sleep at night, and so they
led to this as their deliverance.
There was more agony and another
paper for Elsbieta to sign, and then
one night when Jurgis came he was
told the breathless Udings that the
furniture had arrived and was safely
stowed In the house; c. parlor set of
four pleoes, a bedroom set of three
pleoes, a dining room table and four
chairs, a toilet set with beautiful pink
rose painted all over it, an asort*
meat of crocktry, also with pink roses
-and so on. One of the plates In the
set had boon found broken when there,
unpacked It, and Ona was going to
make them change it; also they had
promised three sauce pans, and there
had only two come, and did Jurgli
think that thoy were trying to cheat
The next day they went to the
house; and when the men came from
work they ate a few hurried mouth-
fuls, at Anlele's, and then set to work
at the task of carrying their belong*
Wings to their nev home. The distance
was in reality over two miles, but
Jurgis made two trips that night,
ecah time with a huge pile of mat-
tresses and bedding on his head, with
bundles of clothing, bags and things
tied up inside. Anywhere else In Chi-
cago he would have stood a good
chance of being arrested; but the Po-
lice In Packngltown were apparently
used to these formal moving, and
contented themselves with a cursory
examination now and then. It was
quite wonderful to see how fine the
house looked, with all the things in it,
even by the dim light of a lamp; it
was really home, ana almost as excit.
ing as the placard had described it.
Ona was fairly dancing, and she and
Cousin MarUa took Jurgis by the arm
and escorted hinm from room to room,
sitting in each chair by turns, and
then Insisting that he should do the
same. One chair squeaked with his
great weight, and they screamed with
fright, and woke the baby and
brought everybody running. Altogeth-
er it was a great day; and tired as
they were, Jurgis and Ona sat up lato,
contended simply to hold each other
and flame in rapture about the room.
They were going to be married as
soon as they could get everything set-
tied, and a little spare money put by;
sad this was to be their home-that
little room yonder would be theirs I
It was In truth a never-ending do*
li4ht, the Axing up of this houuw.
They hadu no money to spend for the
pleasure of spendingl, but there were
a few absolutely necessary things, an,
the buying of theme was a perpetual
adventure for Oas. It must always
be done at nilht, so that Jurris .mulil
go along; and evun ift it were only 4
pepper cruet, or half a dosen glasses
for 10 cents, that was enough for an,
expedition. On Saturday night they
came home with a great basketful of
things, and spread them out on the
table, while every one stood round,
and the children climbed up on the
chairs, or howled to be lifted up to
see. There were sugar and salt ad
tea mad rackers, and a aosn of lard
and a milk pal, and a soarubMn
!thr-, and a pair of shoe for the eo-
e4 fuseshow, e4 4Q

tack hammer, and a pound of ais
Theee lat were to be driven tothe
walls f the kitchen and beo
to han thing on; and the wa
family dalsotUiion as to thee Plce
where each one wasto be ,
Then Jurgi W*ould try to ,
hit his fingers because the :amIer
was too small, and get mad bea m'
Ona had refused to let him pay 18
cents more and get a bigger hamIer
and Ona would be nvlted to, it
herself and hurt her thumb, au cry
out, which necessitated the thumb'a
being kissed by Jurgli. Finally, af-
ter every one had had a try, the nall
would be drytve, and someti hung
up. Jurgia had come home with a big
packing box on his head, 4ad he Iat
Jonas to get another that he had
bought. He meant to takeone ide
out of these tomorrow, and put
shelves In them, and make them intt
bureaus and places to keep thing for
the bedrooms. The nest whiCh bad
been advertised had not incl'ue4
feathers for quite to many birds 4
there were in this family.
They had, of course, put their dl-*
ung table in the kitchen, and the din1
ing room was used as the bedroom ot,
Teta Eliblets and five of her hl0adren
She and the two youngest slept n the
only bed, and the other three had a
mattress on the floor. Ona and her
cousin dragged a mattress into the
parlor and slept at night, and the
three men and the oldest boy slept iI
the other room, having nothing but
the very level floor to rest on for the
present. Even so, however,, they
slept soundly-it was neeaary tfor.
Teta lsbleta to pound moore than
once on the door at a quarter past ,ves
every morning. She would have ready
a great pot full of steaming black o.f-
fee, and oatmeal and brMad 04
smoked sausages; and then aoe wow0
fix them their dinner palls with more
thick slices of broad with lard be.
tween them-thity could not afford
butter-and some onions and a pltee
of cheese, and so they would tramp
away to work.
This was the Arst time in hi life
that he had ever really worked, i
seemed to Jurgis; It wasAthe nrut
time that he had ever had anything 4to
do which took allbeho had I him. Jut-
gls had stood with the rest up In the
gallery and watched the men on tho
killing beds, marvelllig at their speed
and power as if they ha been won-
derful machines; it somehow never
occurred to one to think of the feelh
and blood side of It--that is, not until
he actually got down Into the pit aud
took off his coat. Then he saw things
in a different light, he got at the ia-
side of them. The pac they set here,
it was one that clled for every fac-
ulty of a man-from the instant the
first steer fell to the sounding of the
noon whistle, aud again from hall-
past twelve till heaven only know
what hour in the late afternoon wor
evening, there was never one lnstast's
rest for a man, for hand or his
eyes or his braip. Juargs saw how
they managed it; there were portions
of the work whtch determined the
pace of the rest, and for these thy
had picked men whom they paid high
wages, and whom they changed freo
quently. You might eall pick out"
these pacemakers for they work
under the eye of te bosses, and they
worked like men possessed. Thi ,was
called "speeding up the gang," an4 it
any man could not keep up wihthe
pace, there were hundred outside
begging to try.
Yet Jurls did not mind It; he rath
er enjoyed it. It eaved him the neoeui
sity of his arms about and
fidgeting as he did in most work. He
would laugh to htmself as he ran down
the line, darting a 8lne now and
then atthe m ea of bla. It
was not the plemeantest work one
could think of, but It was aeoessary
work; sad what more had a maum the
right to ask tai n eanoo to do toem
dol a ;ittT
So *nrgis heught, and so be saoke,
la his bol4, ear isve wvr mu-hi

- V

.9 V
'V V
Vt- Vf~~
V *~

S Ithat had. VItit it up aJ, s s.

.0t ewbole R h oo.- _n. vn-w~~,ve ..,o4In iy
m e t bu I IMv certainly or the hll t y
ttte h or. tot ev W m ',
4t ethO 01 mm
qwttlane-t; e a"lh, al It b ot

wthe em what toytA th e anpw BtIt
tred, bitter ea i to .I Women a hsad ba iIla ptoea

Vitte obodr.a .eall to eunai e the b4n k It ra
aboe t It. Iwa owe, rthis hell of werea, her ,k*i J,wd

Onet. of hi ort blemr that Ut him
dctln poy d th.Oat of. the. whou. W l. to whi"h t mM, h w
woadft a td he kh" to ate It explaene-l the b d0_ W, do. wht b W o
to hitha the men were band to- Jus mad sao e by
ether for the pur"oe of fin l49 h ttl m, e and he ae e t hewn
their rights. Ju I asked teaD whb; and ask what the
they ment by the htp. a quatoo iead, who wa A
in wh toh he w e;quite minere, tr h0 uplelka. was a litia who
had not any e of any rhton tht folded hides on the i bad, and
had, except tw right to u- t tpr a he listened to what s0ha d to
job, and doas he wan told when be without oseeait a p
ft it. Generally however, this harm. They were oommosn 00o-h Ad,
tea question wn e onay stakha e l* foh haeih posty P raft N wY
lowworp ,l lose the ir tempern t dIply o n bob who o m," to1
and wall i a tfool. There was s add a little to hismateot
delegate of the Buteher Helper' Un i had been thee a tile do
lon who eane to see Jurgla to enroll know that th0e 0a t were. Iw
m, and whea Juis found th isWe hoeyoe-aombed with ne of
mwit t be would have to.I pan art-the boe o the ut.
u ome oW h oo smey. he rose sp and they rafted o esh oter anai
directly, and t.e delegate who wa e day tn perlte t would
an Iriamma, and only k oew a et Alo m out about be, ad tan he
words of Ut lost hi temper wo raft off the be Wai to
4an began to to threaten him. Ind t heaet ai- west on t e*
end Juris got late e ra, an 4 plain e stuatln. Herue wa. Du-
made it mueenAly plan tha t Itbam'., t tas sn "wned y a man
would take more than one, Irlhman who w ttryins to ake sae mu
.t.o eare tm late t uni ttUe byv msey out ot as e a nd did
little be 'I -g ,that ,he -as not are la Ithe eah bow he 14did t;
thing the sen wanted wa to .pt a and underneath hl, raged In ranks
stop to the habit of "paedi 'p and grades like as Mry, weemana
they were trylag their bet to force a gere and superitenete d lr.
leaena of the b for there were men, each one ad s the man ow
omer.they sal w would ntkeep p him sad trying to eqses- oat of hi
with it, i whom it a1 s Inr ut as moh work a peemible
Jursis had no asmpathy with sucOa And all the mesn of thesalme rank
sand. 0oold the st oft,9 anm, on.ts wer kI
he d edm 9it they were god fo; a,4 o anj i"1 in M Wr
haki I they couldn't do .ItW of Io his S meb, mmM a
them a1 somewhere else. J4 i0 haSA bette record U h op
sot studied the ou and wold tt s el
not have knows how to, ,
"laaseuaI!he but he had ,eesn m0" hatred cn' oa 0
the world enough to know that a a be "1
bas to sh ft or hImalf In It, and Sat kgg twm m
ithe tb the wq ofitf i thoe itoW an aun a dwm
body to lut toA hoaler. On" ret
Yet there have been ankwn to be was hot eves. e
phoseohera and plan men who son for that? O da It
*wore b y galthu In t* beoks. anl must have been (n
would, tS ssbeto a re begitbug It was a h
lief fund in tima ol famiae It waw te s eta e eto
the same with Jutgih who enragigned hise o along wit, o '
the unat to destralon4 while goln odd g
about all day isk at eanrt because
of ist poom! (ad Aier, wowaa w flo eB
d sa e wafet-it the e g1 1he 6
gl r a chaem to earn m oeat
Old Antaua bad been a worker e'v t
mines he was a Muild he hhdvrtaway 5
from kie whe 8 tee wa tWreev
esase ble father -1 him for tryto a
learn bored. Ad he was n .I thfa
ma,*too* te waosiman nfiblat
leave mimte hr iamnth, Jfoyyy 9A22 3
bad maue him andertand what you
wanted hime to tin the v aeat*. haib
And Bnw here be was, warn eat In
seoul and body, and with no more piao> been 'oWs to .e
In the world Gas'a sick' dog. He hl he would
bad hie bess. as it happened, and thal
ease one who would care hr btin it
he never a job; but beot B oSsK
not hed) tlhnking, suppose this ha I wrwy
not bees the ease? Autash Ramdhes iiB
had been Into every bulldida in Pck*.
Ingtown by this time, and tto aely ,
every team; be am& stood mBvum
amis mi owowi 01 appliuts 1
very polloms. had: ems to know Nis

* K.





V ~

* >t '
.'*i ^

I~.h Pm

August 18,1906

Saliway Ocilson. on gestlon.

. :(eontlnued rm h ags Ueve, )
tar0 of th.soeettA n ftppee d to have bees
tra-e oveM r to our etat 4I wam ot aware that
thMI had i bee preotil erday As
a Bttet of 5 t Use & VaAk did t order
oas direct bt handled the through Mr.
Mason and Mr Mam in o o e every day
I pet Wd o r md, an hd a tiveo the infotitisrm
a tist that th wast room the d
Mr as to wh stated hbe yesterday that he
l0d all theh time bus p half the time diree
Ohatgins these cars. He does the discharging or
admit that theand theyroom fory that these aof l
could ha.e been discharged promptly had they
ben placed What do' today, butIo s nowt room fohy
you ddnot gve them e h ats. A-Welld that
a question the asto whether Mr. Mason's stat'
met is entirely orret and asort to whether he has
student space on the dock at all think ny fes to taku
care of the lumber of y. Inst Vn Aukn with the
other car ordered, and s to whether or not it to
t fact there was suf o otheroom on the dock,
and as to whether or not ht lang have been em
thOy edall thstime eorn ot be pso. I am ree
to admit that there Is room for seven car of lum-
bet on that dock today, but there Is not room ro?
the -Wher barsJ we avears that havdered.
Q-Are you making any effort to get those
seven the sm today? A-I don't think any further
effort to necessary. Instruction wen given yesw
terdaThey are thatll h no other oan there o
those tracks those seven moust be placed.
Q-Why haven't Joe Ring1s car that have
been henr since May 80th been placed? A-They
are in the same condition as the Biss & Vman-
Auken car. They an all handled on the same
dock and some individual cars must be left out.
There is not sucilent room to take care of all of
Q-Tbhat particular order of May 80th may have
been needed all this time to complete a cargo
A-:-Wheneve that Is the ease we make every
effort to place the ars, so as to avoid delay.
Q-How long will It be, Mr. Spencer, before
you can nave Biser & Co's. ars discharged? A-i
believe Mr. Sier says he can unload them in 24
hours. I will undertake to place them in less
time thUn that it he will unload them.
Q-Wbat effort are you making to deliver that
order of Joe King's of May 80th? A-I don't
know that there has been any special effort made
to place It in the last few days for the reason that
we have kept the dook filled with other carsn and
there has been no vessel thee for Mr. King, anWt
that there seemed to be no special reason for
rgerny In that particular cas more than any
Q-If that particular cr was placed and un-
loaded It obuld be put in commission agaln,
couldn't it A--Yes sir.
Q-Wouldn't that help to give relie to the
mlus? A-It wouldn't help any more than any
other cars that we could get unloaded.
Q-Mr. Spenoer, do you aesire to make any gep-
Sral statement here? A-I don't know of any-
th rather I can say more than to say that if
the lumber on hand was moved promptly by ves-
sel there would be no congestion and that we
seem to have ample facilities for handling every.
thing that comes in, f It is moved la a reasonable
time, and reasonable length of time I mean
that thIrty days average time for ailing vessels
would appear to be a reasonable average for stor.
ago. ; ,
Q-Hew long has most of this lumber been oun
your doom? Ar-I will say from sixty to ninety
days. Bora of them, of course, have been un-
loading oars right along, but the aoowu1nlstlops
havebesn tor the last 0 to 9 days.
W1. -- M
W, L beng called as a witness and
aw that he was superintendent of the
Diviuon of the Southe Ralway,
and of the t. Johns lver Terminals
Q-Heow many ea of lumber have you on hand
noW? A-rom the beet cheek 1 can make this
morning we, have appromatrely O e
Q-Row many of tnhoe car have been ordered
placed at. the docks? A-Practially all of them.
Q-Why dot you place thoe ordered? A-
There is not room oa ute docks er them.
Q-Any space to store lumber? A-There may
be some space but they an very badly ooaeted.
Q-How much room have you for unloading to
day at your docks? A-I have them practically
Q-What is the capacisety of your transfer
tracks? A-The track on which we receive cars
holds from 88 to 35 ars.
Q-That is the Joint track that has been spok.
en of her so many times? A-Ye. It is the
property of the Jacksonville Tenrminal Comopaner.
Q-And that is used for lumber and men-
ies and everything that goe through? A-Te
iro everythings that come to my 1.
-do you Mconsider that yw trasin sfmit

sufficient? A-No sir, I do not.
Q-How do you pope to remedy it? A-
Wen, as Mr.r stated this morning, we have a
plan on foot wherebythe In h m trackswill
Te very greatly iOrO-d, od at a point more
convenient for t CoaMt Ue, aad the Bt. oho
River Terminal C A W from the congested
portion of the JaOnvlUe Terminal Co.'s proper-
ty; whereas, It Is, we have to block a very lm-
,portant street in making the Interchanges of
Q-Have you got sufficient track oom In your
terminals? A-will say that under normal con-
dltons our track Toom will take cars of all the
business coming In over th outhern and the
G. 8. At .as e W hateA coming from our o In-
nections, but at the present time our car tracks
are badly congested, and not asuficently long to
care for the business that is being offered.
Q-How long aua It been sinoe the conditions
you refer to were' normal I A-Well, I should
say up to Novqmber everything moved along very
Q-Last November? A-Last November. In
the fall there came congestion and we were badly
congested up to the first of January, and then this
lumber rush came on and we have been pretty
well filled up ever since.
Q-Do you consider any prospect of the busi-
ns going back to what you consider normal? A
-Well, that is hard to' answer. The business of
Jacksonville is Increasing very rapidly, and wo
are trying to peparre ourselves to meet it
Q-How long llas it been increasing? A-I
have been here two years and it has been on a
gradual Increaseever since I have been have been here.
Q-And durlqg those two years what has your
company done to keep-up with the Increase? A-
I have put In tracks to accommodate about 60
oars. I have oathoriead now $11,000 worth of
tracks, tnat are In course of construction, but the
work is slow on account of labor conditions.
Q-How lonj will it be before you have these
Increases and facilities? A-I think we will have
Increased yard room for 250 cars inside of six
Q-Mr. Pierce, how about what has been said
here with reference to your switch engines? Are
they adequate to take care of your business? A-
Entirely so, I think. I will say that In May of last
year we handled on the St. Johns River Terminal
Co. between six and seven thousand cars. We
did that easily with two engines full time and on3
engine half time.
Q-And you don't think you need more motive
power at present? A-I certainly do not. I was
discussing the question of putting on another
yard engine the other day and the man in charge
of the yard said it would not do a bit of good, that
he had all the engines he could work to advan.
Q-Then you have not got track room enough to
handle any more yard engines? A-Not as much
as I would like. I have got ample track room to
handle the business of the G. S. & F. and the
Southern buttheority of marty of the business we are
trying to handle now is delivered to me by our
Q-You are in the business for that, aren't you?
A-Well, I am trying to take care of it as best I
can. I don't think, though, that we are supposed
to prepare terminals for all our competitors in
Q-You hold. yourselves up as a terminal com.
pany, and astaking t transfers from other roads
and other people? A-Yes sir.
-Then isn't it your business to have sufficient
facilities for haadlin all the business offered to
you? A-Well, I wouldn't like to may that it Is
The St. Johns River Termieal Co. is operated for
the benefit of the Southern and 0. 8. & F. road,
to take care of their business.
Q-Why does It go into the terminal business
for other people then? A-Well, just like one
road exchanges trafe wits another, we drifted
nto Ito and we are trying not to retrd the buoto
nes of iS the city.
Q-It seems to me that you are retarding the
proesa of the city by not providing yourselves
with nmffcnt track room with which to properly
handle this business A-I will state this. that
even now, If the lumber and crss tioe were mo.
ed off the docks, that our facilities are adequate.
S-io you place cars as they are ordered'
A-Afamr as we can. Oftentimes we fall.
Q-You neard the statement of Mr. Oullette
here yesterday that he could unload cars If yo
would place them? A-Yes sr..
--Well, why don't you place Mr. Oullotte's
car? A--Under the presnt conditions, Mr.
President, it is a physical impossibility.
Q--ecauS you haven't got the track room to
switch them? A-We haven't got the deok room
dQ-fe s aid he could discharge them. A-I
Q-Do you have say trouble In getting the for'

Imilims I I lk



wardt agents to unload ca after they are
placed? A-Well 1oM TIAe0" tve been dday,
when labor was sate and theae have been soy.
eral Instanesl wheoe they couldn't discharge ti-.
on the bulkhead o acot of Its being blocked
and the inability of the Clyde Line to move iL.
We have had oars standing there three or four
days under load waiting to be discharged lnt
no place to put them.
Q-Do you enforce demurraae charges against
forwarding agents to failure to unload? A--i
haven't done it.
Q-Do they ee01 take more than the free time
allowed to unload? A-Well, I should say iu
some instances they do
Q.-Why Is It you do not enforce the
penalties in such Instances as that? A-We'.l,
there have been times when I have delayed thi.e
lumber dealers In the discharge of lumber aul
cross ties.
Q-You give that as a reason why you don't ei.
force the collection of demurrage? A-Yes.
Q-Have you had demands made upon you it
any time by any of the onsignees doing business
with you, for demurrage for your failure to handoY
their cars for them within the time that they
should be handled? A-I have.
Q-Have you paid them? A-No sir.
Q-Why not? A-They have In every case
cheerfully withdrawn their claims after discussion/
the matter with them.
Q-It seems to me that both yourselves and th'l
people that do business with you could remedy
the matter to some extent by enforcing these de.
murrage rules; then may be your yards would"
be blocked up so badly as they are. A-Our
yards, Mr. President, wouldn't be blocked now If
the lumber was moved as promptly as It is re-
Q-Do you know what preparations the consig
nees are making to get ria of the lumber on your
docks? A-I do not They tell us they are try-
ing to get lighters to put It on to wait the arrival
of steamers, and that there has been considerable
delay in getting schooners tor sail movement. I
don't think we have had cnree schooners at Pier
4 in two weeks, have we? (to Mr. Barker).
Mr. Barker-Just three.
Q-Have you got a place to extend your space
at Pier 4? A-We are clear out to the water lino.
Q-Haven't you more water front? A-Yes, we
have more water front and plans are made inow
for a new dock.
Q-How soon will that take place? A-I was
very much in hopes that the work would nav,
been begun now, but there was some delay a
making plans and getting the rights, and so forth.
Q-How soon do you expect to have those
docks? A-We are in hopes of having them by
late fall or early spring.
Q-How much will that enlarge your dock facili-
ties? A-It won't increase the facilities for hand-
ling lumber, for the reason that this will be -t
covered dock, to take care of the other commodi-
ties, but it will relieve the lumber dock, to a ce'-
tain extent, where naval stores and other commo-
dities pass over the lumber tools which in a ver:'
great measure Interrupts the lumber movement.
Q-Don't you think the lumber docks should be
Increased tp meet the demands of the increased
commerce here? A-I said a while ago, Mr.
President that I considered the dock space en
tirely adequate to take care of the business if
the consignees would get steamers and schooners
to move it.
Q-Have you plenty of clerical help to prop-
erly dispatch the business that Is offered your
terminals? A-I think so, sir.
Q-Mr. Pierce, I will give you an opportunity
now to make a general statement of these condi-
tions and the cause of them, and so forth, nnI'
what remedy should be applied, If you wish. A-
The conditions at Jacksonville, so far as the con-
gestion is concerned, are very serious and I can
*ee very little hope of relief unless vessels ar3
secured and the docked cleared. The lumber dear-
ers, so far as I can see now, are barely takin
care of the current movement In fact, as I stat-
ed a few minutes ago, lees than twenty cars wero
discharged yesterday, and sixty.flve taken in to t,
discharged. Of course I agree to the fact tit
lumber can't be handled as rapidly as other com-
modities, certainly, under the present condition r'r
the docks. We have enough lumber In Jackson-
ville today, if not another car in received, to sup-
ply schooners and steamers for the next forty-
five days. If It could be moved.
Q-It has been stated. Mr. Pierce, by the lun.
bermen examined here, that It was not their fault.
with one or two exceptions. A-Well, I belle'
they were honest In making the statement, and
believe it is a condition over which they have 0
control; they can't get the steamers and the V
can't get the schooners, is my opinion. As N-
Hunter said, they either get them too soon or tc ,
late. In the first instance demusae accrues,
and in the latter the dooks beameo oogtd*

I Tits WN

August 18, 1906


Florida's Hist

Received with regret throughout the
State s h WnOanMmstot the death
of Mfjoao e U R. rirbauks ofr er
nandina at Sewanne, Tennessee, at
midnightTh PdayM, August Ind.
There i' 06 ame more prominently
connected with the history and de.
velopleet of Florida than that of
George f airbanks. He be.
longed to the'ditlangbishod FParbanks
family of which Vice Presldent Charles

orian aoe thaar h of W NOfMM' WWad .
o ,*Itel. BoS ae
V l er too uhllies
IS NO M Ore ** *P s* *L*** *wsweCh
I atoM t nu la b1 Nutab altar ^itesM
a prominent part In local matters
Serving an mayor of St. Augutin% an, a.fa al l was
Chairman of the Board of PttblIeJ1 Eli wt are wN SSu*S at'
Works of hrnandina.JMor mt tl ? .mot are
wral convention of the plaoopal A*5 Was.
Church. aM a new latery Of a W. Y Fa
The most lasting moountoa to M the pwrs lO Tork at t ,o
Major Fairbanks are the valuable his t of bl dh.
frah 3Wrigh,*dau g ?t o g ofudg
a jamin Wright. a site of MrN
Whippl4e wife of Bishop Whipple of
anemot. After death h br id
fti suam B. Wrlat dawg 91 low
HeatL iJb L .rdoT
uamptroller of Fiorwda.
klis only soa died at Gaesville4Is
&IW1. He bad Ave dauhotem to a
Marace Drew of Ja1160avile ,
ned at Galveton is 1886, Mrs.' A A. o
trals of Charletoa, Mrs. 89%416 the
o orlds dArbeaki of New or. m s ,,
.Pesrseongly be was one of thOe most W .
charming and distingushed men In
klorip, gawaNd magStle il m.oft
he, a An$"6k el withre a .weO'
More of intformation to draw upon--. 1t et a
lie was a most interestiSg o40pelo0.
0*n whe friends "fre alwan''O to
eAWt him. 044
Ilo iela ld m ithin itn eo
tow hi habginhast rteat th mt .
i ~or 1 lt htis blag to
et ofommfeal*401
avlftoytribute ot Sorr$ and
teren"e to the grt man hM t as
it the President wAUli
&onstitOtraorott. r
SI their tI

meddler I n
ctrtthimh tast that

"Oh, dearw is lithat eisWO KSheMa*
ously, "I'Tm aur o doeptly,,borne fsit it toRW ,S-
storm coming u p." opoledI by the I-autatupers th
"That a poolrePOSe4VpONt will beaout of .0 per ontd1!I
pU&I jlo. o ( gt...isaimme.
4..;, ~ t @int GD P5

Fairbanks is a member, and was a de
ascendant of JohEathan FParbanks of
Yorkshire, England, who came to this
country in 1688.
He was born at Watertown, New
York, July 5, 1820, and received an
elementary educatioI there, afterward
entering Union CollegesM, henetady,
from which he received the degrees A.
B. and A. HE studied law and was
admitted to th tr at Watertown
1842, sad was ar' y afterward ap
pointed Clark the United States
District Court Florida. This cause-
him to remov to t. Agutine whero
he held the po"maes fro 1843 to 1844
He then entered pa p thpra of
law, continunlg It until lms.when he
removed to Taha where he lived *
for a year.
At the outbreak of the livil war he
enlisted in the Florida troops, but
was translerrd to the Army of Teo-
nImes with the rank of Major of the
Quartermaiater's Dpartmat. At the
close of the war he was Chief Quarto
master of the hospital department of
the Army of Tennessee.
Major Falrbanks was one of the
founders of the University of the
South at Bewanneo, Tenessee. After
the war he was elected Treasurer of
the University ad Commissioner of
the bulldlnIp ad lands. He resided
at ewannee until 1880 when he r
turned to Florida, making his home
Ft Feaudlnsa.
In his long areer he hau held many
politloni of trnt aad bot. He serY
edn the loerida neate a n 1847. In
1848 he wais N Ui deael r eleO- the'
ticket heaeby lawd. -o e M et


' Ibsomnism
D, ,l:I
0"tu 5 immediate and ermanent
relief in the wonderful quidfood


, *., I


.,* ~

Ka t*NutlIae aIquid o4. not a d.. and may be
ued oatinuuuly withoutI r i habit.
3amd by al Druggitsa and Groces.

h> i,.s.Mci 5! ,Mo

. .

1i1~ A ~

4'aiv 1

* .

~I$ *w~

4. ,~ '.44

i" r
.. i

-.' ,

ivmt", 7 POP,


Tfl~ .IONO

was, w.rn-.
iet IeE; h


ak alI the utn
and feared tl
ble. It was not
handlnlg fourth

K wag- a Bt r c elruem*tance thbt
oa, b had gOUe hise ob by the
o f some other person.
o 2 sU ed a truck loaded with
h i0from the smokeroom on to an
eleator, san then to the packing
roo"n. The trucks were all of iron
sad heav, and they put about three.
suore bamon en eah of them, a load of
Mere thana quarter of a ton. On the
iaS flSoor it was a task for a mas
to art one of these trucks, unless he
.ir a glant; and when it was once
tarted hbe naturally tried his best to
eep It oslng. There was always the .
PMrowlln about, and If there was
second's delay he would fall to curs
is; Uthuanlans and Slovaks and
sob, who would not understand what
S saiad to them, the bosses were
opt to kiok about the place like so
y do Therefore these trucks
e for the most part on the run;
L the predecessor of Jonas had been
jammed against the wall by one and
eruahed In a horrible and nameless

Adgust i8, q1o6


w w


pane Pmto


r ,bA tbe me n iDa
p h", b1h at "Orkio
*was, sad es"IingE


the tape; and the family eat round 4.
anlistesed a w d whle he to ;
,what that -It d*0 I
tha e was working a the son s
where the men prepared the beet fwor
canning, and the beef had 1lain v 50*
full of ehealeosl. and men with Wt"
forks speared It out and dumped it
into trucks, to be take to the cookinl
room. Whoe they had speared oat
all they could reach, they emptied the
vat on the floor, and then with ahor
As scraped up the balanee and d"mp -
ed It lto the track. ThT floor wa
filthy, yet they set Antamai with e i '
mop sleopitg' the '"pickle" Into a hole ,*
that connected with a ink, where It
was Maught and used over again for-
ever; and If that Were not enough, A i AA
there was a tra In the pip, -whe. 8b ULM UC
all the sr ofs meat and odds sad
ends of reftis we,. e uht sad every ft. ,
few day the old man's task t
clean thf iand shovel their coon.
tents ln the trucks with the
rest of .. .-
This ezperlee A fne 15 jewel Elgin or Waltham
was, sfandJf i m e r eaaO movement ,ftted in a handsome,
_. *r' the Inew Pj 7 a r oldN nailed, opAl, ftem. 18
was the depes. ase. at o10. Seventeen Jewells
t a, .ite besi ted at $16. r J ellver these
hurself s with triumph watched s D uitk

Ae w tha palenfaced lit Jacksonvolle, F".
Ute i opposite her,

crippMle,' 5 a~ -. but St!i M
was all that i l the worldto
love, ada Ut r eyad ltd In a m
room aloo ne m4bs-4 btok of
sted street, where Irtlah i
Mary bad bad al S to, I
day loNt o lt her ou-h*
lus aU she o ; d#lte she had
been goitn all tao .an d ,viwa
MqMo eUam, Uth Hidy" bad sad*
denly decided to turn her of. The
forelady had to oome up to a certain
standard herselt d would not stop
fow sik people exp ed.
l. fact that Mary Pntb ,
so long had not W ma t aw ereae
to ho--It was doubthfl Itf
knew that, for both the toreladg aM
the superintendent were new peoplewo
havnlag aly been there two or thee
rear themselves. Jadv7a 414 at

AlasW m~W11uUqos
It anV.D~'flI'CS ooda, It you wani

jw-t .uK~


yuIU'C OWiI Wae cuAl&#&

vwm e a. 0 a

bh1,2o It2 aid 5Lb. Madinges






.Qut .. P et* T ieme.j
A ot these were y lmatetstr thkec tor it oh n b han MBRosIll tAO t ,
btie erb t t.

hoterI, tha everT nbotied to Cwot Sl tPSee pSf3 hiw en* th! w i ir oarI
was the sharp triek of the r o i hma was a spirit
whenever there chanced to toe yr te rybody. Deri ely e to1d 0 1 .e
"sluak' alf AAk tman who khioa them "how Val Pruitt had gotten Ar
an about butchering knows that t.Val Prou t o ad wh
the Imenw hat is about to ney were right outside the e heA 'h
Sor ba utaredt t or watritlng nofor an opportune for m
food. A good many of the o e lahan came out to bre nt o o
of course, ifthea beat s itwa U ld Asqui a lye sa a ently I r* atin
have ben an easy matte or the there Pruitt was on him, one big hasd iade toied la tina *te to
packers to keep them till they were over his mouth and the other holdlna ., T' d
fit for food. B t torthe savingof his threat. Cheooy had hIs arms,
time and toddler. it was the law that ando h hadt a chau". TheYquky
cows of that sort came alhon with the bore him to the boat, tied his had
other s, and whoever no wol ad fedtt. igag him, o4d threw him M. S
ten the bodM, and the bos would lan lowly and lently they drf
start up conversation with the Oo by the town. .elshmaa ould hear i
erinent Inspector, and the two wO ui4 the songs of his oon r ,
stroll away. So In a trice the arai writhed at the thought his position *
of the cow would be cleaned out, and When theywere a soafe4Iataw l Ibe9ow
the entrails would have vanished. It town, Pruitt remove the from
was Jurgla's task to slide them Into the prisoner's mouth. Thn
the trap, lves and all, and on the stormed and ,swore, but Pr outt and
floor below they took out these Cheney grinned and tante*d him.
"slunk" calves and butchered them "What are you e l to do with
for meat, and used even the skins of me?" asked lelshan.
them. "D el ou .to J9a"nTreatm, at t.
One day a man slipped and hurt his Louis, three days from now," &nswr-
leg andt hat afternoon, whe the last ed PruLt .r n e t ve Wir 'J
of the cattle had been disposed of and "Well, you're olt wron way, 'M n W
the men were leaving, Jurg e was or all right" K Ex c
dered to remain and do some special "Wait," laconically said Pruitt.
work which this injured man had About two o'clo 1 the morning tiey
usually done. :t was late, almost met the Vicksburig coming up. They Vl t1 n ugi 0
dark, and the Government Inspectors succeeded In attract n ttnr aw ea U U i y t V
had all gone, and there were only a were taken aboard. T&he ea I u V* Iaa lw1
dosen or two of men on the floor. knew both Pruitt and Cheney, and lO I V#W
That day they had killed about four had heard of eeeshan. He agreed
thousand cattle, and these had come to pass Point Pleaa t rme #Af h
li freight trains from far states, and or two of the par kw 4I
some of them had got hurt. There he rom11ed to 1at them Ashore at L. .A. m l
were some with broken legs and some aBir's Pot o tey could oame down M ttM S U 5 1 I W O
with gored sides; there wee some on the evening boat. Pruttt wasat
that had died, from what cause no one taking any chance of another re
could may and they were all to be d' i one
posed of ire in darkness and silent 8t. Louit wu lre hI about te a.
"Downers," the men called them, and m. the third day. Pruitt and Cheeye R fW. ,. .
the packing house had a special elevi. gave their p on ri a, f. .
tor upon which they were raised to and at teo i ne I eotllwe9l
the killing beds where the rang pro. court house. Judge Treat' seout had
ceeded to handle them, with an air of just convened. Qe a 3ek
businesslike nonchalance, which said Morgan were the f itt and Or
plainer than any words that it was a Cheney came I with landf IIeJ
matter of everyday routine. It took prisoner. A o
a couple of hours to get them out f "What dos this mea" said Jud *TO QUI Y IN l 0tO TWO N W OGR-
the way, and in the end Jurgis saw Treat Morgahp taIr, tIe.Iely e* I I
them go into the chilling rooms with lieving hig eyoes. Of. AdP
scattered here and there so that thy sadd you wanted Jim Fleshman. Here ISA!R B L
. could not be ideatife. When he ie Il." i l
came home that night he was In a Judge Treat wipe hi b lasses ad*
very sombre mood, having begun to justed them on his aristocratic nose, I M TIO
see at laIt howr those iht be right looked a the risoer., then at OChe Toeableo....
who had laughed at hlmfr his faith ney, hea at rditt; and quite forgot
In America. his judicial* dignity as he said, usa*.- datoay ofthtopeoato veBle
TO BE CONTINUED NEXT WEEK. der his breath: W ie- ote to a
"Well, I'll be damned!"
A number of circulars have been Fleshman got 10 ye s' hard labo:.
received In this community by the
voters. They were Issued by that After ig Garne,
patriotic creature the Uterary BEu
reau at Jacksonville to protect theI County Solicitor Bryan announces las b tid&eNlS i
of our Governor and the Board of In- he has brought agaitnt Messrs. *
ternal Improvement anent the Smith, Richardson and Conroy, for ******** *** *
drainage soheme-this reminds as. restralning the iale and controlling at H Ia e
In another state a member of the the price of meat, that he will file
reading agalst a bill to grant a rail. UoWns. Swift., and Cuihys sad ask
road company a charter through his Governor Broward to make requgls *
district. The raiload agents rushed tkon on the goversora ti the Watee
around to him to learn what were the where these gentlemen reside sad
grounds of his opposition to the bill. have them here to answer the charge ________________
He seemed to have none and flnaly of violating the laws of tfadJLg tn
was asked why he voted agalast the refrence to the ale of meat There.
charter. His reply was: "It may be Is a special statute la thits State M CS f
a good thing for the company and for which covers meat as thoroughly as -'M..
the people, but I don't set where antitrust legislation Could and which
James comes In." Can It be that the provides a heavy fine and flnprieoi.j
Governor and ihe Board here ovew st-Wint Gaden Ricochet. .. .

C Cou h le, for tHe ooe OK Goveraor hall

trates the old tiae aeatrtcl pria* 1
When Flagler had the contract to oiple of the oce seei the ma. 8B- "" ''
reclaim the Iverladea it wa l* B-ft so woodr he o ""a"", whe
right, but now that Governor Brow- you come to know ha i worty
ar, backed by the ndosement C of pM
the people, hae undertaken the sob, a'. mI
It an. w wWith the 1that >. .

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