Group Title: sun.
Title: The sun
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075914/00039
 Material Information
Title: The sun
Uniform Title: sun
Sun (Jacksonville, Fla.)
Physical Description: 2 v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Sun Co.
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Publication Date: August 4, 1906
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Tallahassee (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Leon County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Leon -- Tallahassee
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.451667 x -84.268533 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Nov. 18, 1905)-v. 3, no. 47 (Sept. 12, 1908).
Numbering Peculiarities: Published at Tallahassee, Fla., June 23-Sept. 12, 1908.
General Note: Claude L'Engle, editor.
General Note: "If it's right, we are for it."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075914
Volume ID: VID00039
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 33400104
lccn - sn 95047216
 Related Items
Other version: Morning sun (Tallahassee, Fla.)
Succeeded by: Dixie (Jacksonville, Fla.)

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OCLAMATION


BY


*1 i r .r **


1T5R1 '
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To taPeople of Florida:
I AtMd in several public speeches during the Pripary campaign,
to tle people assembled, that I was defraying, personally, the ex-
pensu of sending out certain data on the subject of draining the
Evei and on the subject of the collection of the drainage tax,
under" t*ie law enacted by the last legislature, and In furnishing
data'tothe voters, showing the reasons why Joint Reiolution No.
4, to bevoted for or against in the coming Fall election, should be
ado= I I also stated, in these several public, speeches, to the
people that if the expense became too great for me to bear alone,
that 1 iould call upon them to contribute either stamps or money
to the expese of placing in the handle of the othe spoefle
Atheisubject of Everglades draunap ani e aptallyattiag 2
olamsons for the enactment by the last igsOlatue of the
pg Law, and for the subittUg to e people of
tion, which is almost a copy of fte DMia. aw, and
whilct adopted, would become a part of the Oositution I
have ,neluded.that the attention of the people oftthe State should
be caled to the fact that a New Bureau has been organized In
Jacksiyille, from which there In being sent out all & inds of mis.
ledig literature, opposing the adoption, by the people, of Joint
Beol~uo No. 4 which is to be voted for by them in November.
I am iare of the fact that calling upon the people to subscribe
to a u4 of this kind is an unusual proceeding, but a very unusual
condition confrots uas. I have no more lnteret Infa the adopt
of Jeit BResolution No. 4, than has any other but
pat i eftisen of the State of Florida. The bulfie' In hand is
our I The defeat of the Joint Beeolutionsad the winning
f t law suits, brought by several large syandets to prevent
the t of the drainage tar, under the prent law, weul
entafl 0 the. rat of the eple of Fork"a a eat of go
to what they should be led upoF to a in remlag
th amBwgadc. aix or the lar ea have
swo er to, that they own 4 aeof
In tfa fivrgtode D nage Distriet, whicle a blott to
o tothe County of Dade and parts of St LYie, (heeola,
Sand Deoto There are four or land corpor
ati wning large tracts of land in the sk*t Distriet.
The te hold for the people of Florida, ina District
2,MS acres; the United States owns about
State khool Fund owns about 100,000 aceO. o a il
and othr individual owners collectively about auer, and
all of the individual owners have pad th an bat
the ld yndicates above havei i 43
and. have
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A Timber Cospny, the Z
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CILAUDE L'ENGLE
Editor

A ILUrrRATeD WaLY WITH
-AL


IFp ITS RIOHT, WE ARE FOR IT



STHE SUN:
I A WILL OF ITf OWN, PRINTED FOR THE PiOPLE 6F)PLORIDA, SY
TAUJUAASSEE, FLOUDA. AUMUT49 W1


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August 4,1006


THB SUN


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The Story of Saint Marks


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Twenty-one miles from Tallahassee, traveling
towards the coast through a desolate stretch of
pine barrens, one reaches the historic little old
town of St. Marks, the second oldest settlement in
the United States, once an important stronghold,
now a miserable little fishing village, with noth-
ing left of its former greatness but the name, and
fast fading memories.
St. Marks is the terminus of the third railroad
built in the United States. In 1830, a little more
than ten years after Tallahassee was selected for
the site of the capital of Florida, General Rich-
ard Keith Call, then Governor, built the road
from Tallahassee to St. Marks. At thit
remote period railroads were a doubtful experi-
ment, the rails were laid on stringers, instead of
crosties as in the present day. The trial trip to
St. Marks proved disastrous, the force of the en-
gine tore up the rails, after that the use of the en-
gine was abandoned, and mules furnished the
motive power.
St Marks was then an important cotton port.
Through it all the cotton grown in this section,
and in the southern part of Georgia was shipped.
It was loaded from St. Marks on vessels at the
Spanish Hole, and shipped to New Orleans, then
the greatest cotton market in the world.
When the railroad, now the L. and N. was built
from River Junction to Pensacola, it was ordered
that the St. Marks railroad should be torn up and
the rails used to inish the last twenty miles to
Chattahoochee.
When Littlefeld came out with his wrecking
train to take up the iron, he was met by Daniel
Ladd, the famous old pioneer, with an armed
force of men and slaves, who threatened to shoot
any man who dared to touch the rails. Thus was
saved the t. Marks railroad.
In the early days of Tallahassee's history St.
Marks and Newport, which is about three miles
from St Marks, were places of resort for the
families of the lordly planters of this neighbor-
hood. There were comfortable hotels, excellent
hunting, fishing and bathing, and as all the travel
- by water to New Orleans was through this port,
the place was decidedly gay, especially during the
summer season.
But it is not the St. Marks of today, dosing
beside the river, nor the St Marks of the planters
that is interesting, but the old town of the Span-
lards, with its stories of battle and murder and
violent death, that Is rich in historic associations.
The settlement was made a few years after St.
AugustlWe was founded, but was not Important
until it was fortified by the Spaniards for the
protection iof their allies, the Apacee Iadndians.
In 1718 Joen PlO de Ribera built on the St. Marks
River, Mar s e mes with the Wakalla the
fort caset 8.e4S*ak de Ap1010bf The Aft was
built o1 aargow point of land bWeW the ive


where the masonry foundations of the old fort
may still be seen.
Afterwards when the fort came under the Stars
and Stripes, by the exchange of flags n 1811, the
United States built a military Hospital near the
site of the old fort. This was man~tlai$ r a
long period of years but was tmall ab
and has crumbled Into ruins. A liss of Wall 1
across the point from river to river and ed4 la
seawall many feet high built against a b o.
the Wakulla river. Here perched hligk _am
the ruins is a fisherman's bhut. The d Vay I w thr
a demented woman with a shotgun kept away '
curious intruders. The tide was vry1 oltv
only a few feet of the wall was viXble but
the tide is out, it an be seen for many feet.
Landing from tie rear we =wet ove' rins
of the hospital, the walls ave bee t
away and the stones used for ildg puines.
Here we found a gra'odvered moend thirty
or forty feet high, that was the Spaabsh agqa-
sine. Two large cedar trees grow from Its erow .
Nestling below it is another ishrman's hut. A
young woman was sewing near the opea wlms
and a purple althea waved: its g ul ba e
the swift breese. The afternoon sky ws
and a mighty silence lay like a cloak ovr t,
land. ,
St. Marks was captured by William Asu''as
Bo tes. who was at various times British slr,
pirate and leader of the Indians, bet was soIVy
afterward recaptured and Bowles was et to
More Castle Havana, whet he died.
Later the fort was take by OeoaMl l Jak
who treated the Spaniards and their alli w
great severity. At St. Marks Jaek ed
Alexander Arbuthnot, an agd te trader,
had a sort of parental overly of1
and Lieutenant Ambritar, b ft r/i.
charged with aidag and abetg the ite
their attacks on the trotIier agd a eetiutgl
them. By a two-thirds evalo Atbii
condemned to be bIt agnd ate i
Th verdict la Ambrister's aw was
and changed to fifty stris a a
labor. This enraged Jae w d
brister had not had a fair trial, ad
ond trial at which Ambrister wa
death. Historians do not are the rra
out of the sentoeaes. A tree 1 o
one on whclh Jasckss b
buthaot. Another atory
this tra ad the o'the l
ad a third story I1t
wmanses anad sted W9 d
pote over tbhr tS
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THBJSUN


:August 4, 1906


Shaking


the Old Plum


- 46


U Ifthere beo i Ioaul left witn the
borders of this ptStewho allows him-
self to doubt at its cltisens, t
oeea sou l^Kist body tose Two
pt o l0 and ask Private
bays re will not be vae
ted by 'n bncmbent until January let
next. A o: as Mr. itnca, who holds down the
posltl fca pervlsor of State Convists, was
aotmtnat -Democratle candidate for Railroad
Oae lsloer neat fall these applications too0-
*soe# ,to *ome In to thq Governor. The Job pays
only'$j ( a year and traveling expenses, and the
work 11 bW a Sd the proper performance of the
duties gs the officer in contact with the dis-
agreeable things It life so loosely, that It would
seem that most people would hesitate before
rushing la to bear the evils they known at of. It
Slmpossbl for me to give flgurer about the
applicants because before this notice reaches the
people the figures that I would make would be
entirely wrong. To all? of these applicants had
been sent a better I erio this legend: "Your let-
ter roelvo. Tou 'W ication was placed '-n
le and will be oi wheo the matter of the
appointment is before me." I would not like to
guess to whom this little plum will tall because I
have long since it keeping track of the names
of the pole wielders who are trying to knock it
down. And then, oin, In think that the people
ean well afford to wait until the plum falls because
they have some really Important things to think
about In the meantime.

Speaking of this convict inspector business re-
minds me that rumor has been dallying with the
name of the Hon. Newton Bltch, who made so
fine a run for Railroad Commissioner In the last
primary, In connection with the candidacy for
Governor In 190L8 There is nothing In this. Mr.
BiUth surely has too much sense to reach out for
another and a higher office before he has had
time to serve any considerable part of the term of
the office which the people have given him. In
my opinion Mr. Blitch will serve his full four-year
tero as Railroad Commissioner before he even
thinks about asking himait whether or not be
wants to serve the people In a higher sphere of
useaulane. If Mr. Blitten has ambition to hold
down the hih seat in the State's public service
he has a good chance to make a record as Rail.
road Co lasisloner. This office calls for the ex.
oerse of une discrimination, sound Judgment and
marked pWcutve ability, and a man possessing
these a good opportunity to demonstrate that
fact In la offooe, and given the possession an4
the dem straton, together with the personal
populartyitc, the Governor's chair at.
S4 nt ill not be beyond his reach; pro-
vided, ad thee s always, alas for human ambi.
tion, ed," some one else doesn't demon-
strate hs oesson of finer discrimination, riper
Judgment s ad greater executive ability and at tho
same time get a superior hold on the public asfeo-
tions.

Don't let any one run away with the Idea that
Cromwell Gibbons Is not going to be a candidate
tor governor I know Cromwell about as well as
1 k0ow any politician whom I know at all, and
know Cromanwell I have authorised myself rT
may that o well not only has a weil develop
ambition to governor but an excessively muscu
lar detersmisato not to curb his ambition.
Cromwell was a politIcian before he struck Plor-
da. He received his baptism of practial polities
which, a every dbt knows is the kind that always
wins. at thehands of o les a persnagethan
the HoL. Hn thard Oroker. The Great Chief of
Tammany Hadl thdght so much of Cromwell's
ability as a teacher and, at frst glance, discov-
ered Cromwell that wonderful evenness of tem-
per for which he ts now so famous, that he put
him & charge of end of the schools conducted by
Taumany Hall In which freigners just arrived
a tautt to answer the qsetsoM put to them
by the t mu m e to whom they to be
made into tMsenM of this great B e h
well became so adept at this that he eoid en.rol
a ftery Hun or a stolid Slav, or a benighted Dago
ot any deicriptim, in his school one sight and
turn him out a full edge American eitsa the
naest day. There was only one failure recorded
In Cromwell's career. He had an Italla ton his
class who he was told could understand alIgsh.
e* Cromwell flled him up with the replies that he
would have to make to the interrogastrles of the
mmnmssoner next day without taking the pre
Sto question aim as to his sgittsh speaking
"o ~It turned out afterwards that thti
m' saNlWy only two words, and when he ap-
,.- theJ Commissioner next day a dis-
like this tok plae:
er-hobicingt you to this ee*


Dago-Dicks Decroak.
Ooi.-Who is the President of the United
States
Dago.-Dloka Decroak.
Com,--Who is the Mayor of New York?T
Dago.-Dicka Deeroak. -
om.-Who will catch you if you tell a lie In an-
swer to any of these questions?
Dago.-Dicka Decroak.
Much as he regretted It the CoiMis HAD
to turn this Dago down and It took CromW11 tre
whole nights to get him in shape to pass his examv
Inatlon so that he could vote at the next election
for "Dicka Decroak." _
I understand that the race between Charley
Finley and Tom Appleyard for Secretary of the
next Senate is getting warmer every minute. The
last time I talked with Charley Finley Charley told
me, confidentially of course, which being told in
confidence limits me to the circulation of THE
SUN in repeating it, that he had enough votes
pledged already to cinch tAe job. Charley has
been there before and he surely ought to know
how to count noses and i am, Judging from xm
conversation with Tom Appleyard, which took
place shortly after the one I had with Charley,
that Tom agrees with everything Charley says ex-
cept one, that he hasn't got enough pledged to him
to elect him. And the reason why Tom don't
agree with Charley about this one point is that
Tom just naturally KNOWS that he's got enough
pledged to him. It is very, very fortunate for this
entire State, which certainly couldn't stand an.
other fight like the one just settled, that neither
Tom nor Charley lives in Gainesville, for I would
not be responsible for the consequences on the
public mind If one of these gentlemen lived in
Gainesville and the other in Lake City. The effect
on Lake City, however, might be bad because both
gentlemen hailing from that interesting little burg
its fiery citizens will have to get mad with them-
selves in case either one is defeated.
I haven't seen the question of who is going to
be Clerk of the House next session discussed at
all.Mr. Kellum, who gave such efficient service in
this position last session, has a regular position
as Secretary of the Board of Control, and for that
reason he may not consider himself as an eligible
candidate. Frankly. I do not know where the
House will get a Clerk who understands the par-
ticularly onerous and exacting duties of this posi.
tion In case Mr. Kellum does decide not to ruit.
Of course there are many scores of citizens who
possess the ability to discharge the duties of
Clerk of the House, but in order that the business
may be dispatched with that degree of promptness
necessary to the comfort of its members and the
good of the State, experience is a necessary ingro.
dient, and outside of Mr. Kellum and of Charley
Dickerson, who has also had some experience and
who also has a permanent position, I know of no0
one just now who has both the experience and the
eligibility. However, as the man has always betn
ready for the place when the place needed a man,
I do not doubt that some one will be found.
I notice that Frank Clark made a little speech
the other day in which he took occasion to extol
Mr. H. M. Flagler. Mr. Clark's equipment in the
oratorical line enabled him to pay an eloquent
tribute to this great developer, which was as well
deserved as it was beautifully expressed. I think
It would have been much better, both for Mr. Clark
and for the object of his praise, if the eloquent
Congressman had contented himself with be-
stowing the tribute without explanation or with.
out attempting to answer in advance any critic.
eism which might be made on Mr. Clark for doing
this graceful thing, by persons whose distorted
views of things induce tnem to put a wrong con-
struction on a tribute paid by a public man to one
of the State's foremost citizens. Mr. Clark said
that he would probably be accused of coming
within the East Coast Influence because of his
good words for Mr. Flagler. I do not see why
Mr. Clark should hesitate to give Mr. later
credit for all that he has done for Florida, even If
it does include the securing to Florida the services
of so able a representative as Mr. Clark. While
Florida's Congressman from the Second district
owes his election largely to his vigorous cam-
paign against J. Murdock Barrs and the adroit
takin advantage of Mr. Barrs famous 2 per cent.
blunder, it is also known by everybody who knows
anything at all about politics that Mr. Flagler and
those representing him performed prodigies of pC.
litical valor in Mr. Clark's behalf during his cam-
paign. If Mr. Clark now seeks to convey the ia.
presslon that he owes nothing in his election to
Congress to Mr. Flagler and his representatives
he is ungrateful. And if he thinks that, nowthat
he is elected, he can make the people believe that
h not receive aid fromn thTis oure he is


If any one bemeves cmuse John Beard is
trained in the tIIft ipekingO he will have
a walk-over 1h0t hsb 4,ate with GOV.
Broward, the tule*~ i himself from
this belief the lOr iI .dlppointment be.
ANY man able tQ *p0~Mi~If clearly, and
possessing l the p o becomes eloquent
when he knowS isI sut r lghly and be.
lieves in itwih alI hIs M One of the best
speeches ever head o the # r of the Florida
Senate, and I nay My one o the most eloquent
speeches ever delv I, that historic chamber,
which has been the r*eter fo much eloquence,
was that delivered by OptN MKay, who was then
Senator from Hillsborough, on the bill affecting
the pilots. Capt. McKay l[kiew his subject thor-
oughly. He was raised up wit ;.he believed in
it; he was enthusiastic about It; and when he got
on his feet he was able to delve himself so clear.
ly, so forcibly and so convincIngly that he, by the
combination of these three, became eloquent. Gov-
ernor Broward is thorougly posted on Everglades
drainage. He has stdled me question from every
viewpoint. He hs been o6 the ground; he has
had access to all of the facts pertaining to the
subject which have been gathered since Florida
was a State. He has poured over volumes of :e.
ports In the United States departments, he has
corresponded with or met personally persons who
are familiar with the subject; he has spent many
days In going over the record toIn the Statehouse;
he knows everything that's been done or thought
about on this question for the last sixty years. lie
believes in it thoroughly, he Is enthusiastic about
it and he has demonstrated that he has the capac.
ity to express himself so that people can under
stand him. I do not like to make a prediction of
this kind for fear that some people might think
that the wish was father of the thought, thero-
fore I will not say that Gov. Broward will eat
John Beard up, but I think it all the same.
New Plan Is Deilded Improvement.
The new plans for the State Fair will add a
new interest to the contest between the countless.
The diversified industries of the State makes it
practically impossible to give all sections of thW
State an equal chance in competing for prizes on
the plan that was adopted lapt year. Considers.-
ble dissatisfaction was caused by the method of
distributing the prices and some of the county 's
expressed their dissatisfaction nla strong terms.
The new plan is to divide the State into differ-
ent sections, the division to be made geographi-
cally a" follows: West Florida, Middle Florida,
East Florida and South Florida. This division is
a good one and divdrts the state according to the
products that will be displayed at the fair.
Any dissatisfaction that may have resulted last
year from the awarding of prie whi be elimina-
ted with the operating of this plan.
There was more or less cause for complaint r~t
the awarding of the prices last year, although,
with the system used, the prices were properly
awarded. Some of the counties were placed at a
distinct disadvantage and it wa practically inm-
possible for them to compete with the counties In
the Southern portion of the. State.
West Florida has fertile counties, with varied
resources, and should take advantage of the new
plan and enter an exhibit. Many of the county*'
are cotton-growing and can make a display that
will be creditable to them and to the State.
With counties from various portions of th
State represented, Florida will deed make :k
showing that will attract settlers from every se.
tion of the country.
Few states In the union could make a more va
tried display of products than Florida-Tampa
Herald.

Treasurer of the Club of Divorced
People Elopes.
Vienns.-"The Club of Divoreud People," male and
female, mourns the loss ef its gifted treasurer, who
decamped with the entire funds, tlavii sa array of
doctored books behind. or this lao- the club will
have to defer its contemplated crusade agaiat the
celebaey of Catholic pries. It had iMtIS to agi
tate against the custom by dstrbDatIug pamphlets.
The elub also intended to warn perses to marry
Catholics, as such ~aariaaes cannot be divoed, se-
oording to Austrian law. T e fight of th tnasurer
prevts ralisatie of the schem a eas.

Manatee led all other countlee t the State In
the matter of Increase of poplao d l the
five years frost 1300 to mi as bea by tthe late

the county Is p 4 au e
.


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In order that the friends of THE BUW *W
William J, Bryan, editor and proprietor, pu M
Just been completed whereby sample copies will be at out
The publishers of THE COMMONER *Wil seld ,..
sat0ribes of TEE 8 UN, o when the first mple op,
opoi alBo of the two fo1owing issue. No doubt
we do and you will want to become a subsriber. In
spledAd olubbing offer which we make,the detaU of i,

RYAN'S COMMOINER is now of mo qoi'n
Mr. Bryan finds himselfas the conceded


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Relief


"Now Is the time for the railroads
to act If any relief lI to be afforded
the State. For the next sixty days
demands will, In the ordinary course
of affaire, be lees than at any other
period of the year and if the situation
Is to be clearedd up: NOW 18 THE
TIMES TO DO .
So said Commissioner Burr to a
representative of THE BUN when
asked about the prospect for relief
from the congested conditions at
Jacksonville.
"The conditions at Jacksonville
have caused trouble all over the
State," continued Mr. Burr, "with the
mill men as chief sufferers. There
have been complaints about a lack of
cars for melons, the shipments of
which are very heavy, -and com.
plaints about delays In the receipt of
shipments of gasoline, as well as d4+
lays In the arrival of other commodO
ties shipped from Jacksonville. But
the greatest sufferers have been the
mill men.
"Some complaint has heen
made about the Clyde Line
being responsible for a great
deal of the congestion at Jack-
sonville and I found that out of
36,000,000 feet of lumber on the docks,
the Clyde Line had 5,000,000 feet,
which is a fair proportion. The agent
of that line says that three of thoir
vessels wre taken off this summer
ant only one placed back on the lino
for the reason that in summer time
they have to come down from New
York light and go back loaded with
lumber and thfi does not pay suffi.
ciently to warrant keeping the other
two ships on the line, consequently
the lumber is piled up at Jackson*
ville. However, the Commission has
no Jurisdiction over traffic of this kind


Must


. 1 .


, I y' '*t1. K
-;.r


as the Commission's rules and regula- praooat nisihed theef
tions do not apply to vessels that ply business i over an4 so i
the high seas. rhree marine leagues apple business. bout NA ..
from shore mark the limit of our'Ju- oranges willA b to w mo tw, t* w Ithwmt!
risdiction." etbles' and r and SA t ON ti ho int -rab ow
"Are the effects of this trouble at to next June or ,r. So that it s Oreek to
Jacksonville Car reaching?" was tilho can be doA i t* way I et: it e. 1 iai
asked. eatingg l up' itoa to be40oW right t .lveh4s
"The effect is being felt over the nw, in the nlt Vt ty ,dn t
dise from Jacksonville are being ills for th puoripoMtakio ,a M m
made, of course, but are not delivered moty producedM a Mi, i
with anything like the celerity they B r "
should be. Aside from the bad state -That vi t *f *ade *r the par.
of affairs existing In the yards (t pote o tal tettmaBny a yo .
Jacksonville there is a general corn The trateript of the tetif tt Ma: w *
plaint of delays all along the road. Just bwn received mAd I 'hall Mw s
Both rolling stock and oiews seem to read and adduce from it data or aS '
be utterly Inadequate to properly ban. report to the W omlassonm whioh Iwill
die the business. The engines are then proceed to I)pld.y oSkd ltmedyJ
taxed with freight trains entirely too as is within power r. II nmay be
heavy and cars are dropped at the neo0esry to preamlgate ow noew
different stations, to be picked up by rules 'and reulatoaM to efSet, a!
some lighter train at some future ohage n the situation, but it W e Si
time. Crews are kept at work for this is not silent we shall ppe
most unreasonable lengths of time is to the Legilature otr aessstasuei
evidenced by the fact that the enagl have no doubt, though, that the paros
near in charge of the train that was ent law will cover tis emergenoy."
recently wrecked near Lake City "Have the sbipperas no h .:to
had been on duty for thirty-six hoars. damages it aMea of such delay?'
"Jacksonville is not the only place *'o -he, he#. ha ve -the VI sAe
complained of, however. Many om, the rail oapA ss, bt the Ga.
plaints have come from points con.- twioaahot ale sut s K It
tiguous to Tampa t!mat shipments Dam, v wM=uAt-* be betsdne ifSt u
from that city are now tsix ,or eight.ourtsute aftemte olr proofJ t
times as long ain transit as they should O om '
bemedy or 4Ioatlaussof VA, Mov e
"Is there any possibility that there lass is the imposltie eS p
will be a decrease In demand for oars The Commeseloam is a
that would enable the railroads to sot toeas gS t eb 5
'catch up' with the present situation? of a ei tOM M
That is, is there any 'season' la rall- are gast" the
road work?" ad the ad 14 ei ..
"The next two months should. ord be ltvoke to omp, the ol
narily be the quietest In the railroad these regulation ad to 1A A l
business. The melon shipments are dute, as common ar. .e s .


The


Engineer


wd


On the anniversary of the night
when his train ran over and killed his
wife and child, iOlsomo Palosso, loco-
motive engineer at the Milan-Rome
express, went mad and, uncoupling
his engine, tried to run it into the
passenger train ahead. he foreman
fought hard to avoid the impending
catastrophe, but was temporarily
overpowered Just ito the nick of
time the remain recovered from the
blow and, wathing his opportunity,
threw the engineer off the locomotive,
when the latter was only a thousand
yards from the passenger train.
Realiing that he could not stop the
engine and seeng that the boiler was
at the bursting point, he crowded on
more sdte loked all the valves and
caused the locomotive to explode.
Gaetano Turbinl, a humble fireman
on locomotive No. U0 of the Milan-
Rome txpress, bad this thrilling ex-
periee with &Is engineer, suddenly
gone mand, only by sacrificinea'hia
own life, ad of the madman, be.
sides his engine, he soo
ceded s m he passenger trame


ahead, which his superior was do
termined to destroy.
Gaetano was found In a dying con
dition near the debris of the explode
locomotive, but had strength enoat
to make the following ante-morta
statement:
"Glocomo, the engineer, had aete
queerly ever since darkness began
envelope train and engine," sath
dying man, "and towards 10 p. M
just after I had got through rakl%
the fire, he shouted in a hoarse, ex
ted voice: It's imposeble to co
tinue at this rate. LetI put on mot
steam.'
"I looked at him with astonlshmeui
Having, but a minute before, etau
ined the guage, I knew that we wer
gong at a very fast lepf I told 01
come and reminded him that the pe0
singer train ahead was 15 minute
late, according to information reseih
ed at the last stop
"1That's my buslne-,' the eag
never said. 'Tour'sis to obey order
Shovel on oal, I say, and doat b
all night about it.'


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August 4,1906


Our Drainage Primer


Little Algnon ad His Pa


Dialogue betwe Lttle Alg and his Pa con-
tiaued from week bere last.
A*-4t thtk, rthat I now werstand a lit
t r abogt d a than I 414 before we
US9iU o5? k ta knew now that the pee.
miwlo abve ned the .Truistfef Quandering
he blio money on a wild cat scheme are acou
ing them wrongly, because the Trustees are not
IMn.aw money ept that 4erived from the sale
1M1-hdr was vaen to them in trust for the
very purpose of ad Th, al, no scheme
can bie a wild cat se which has had the en.
dErameat of so maoy wise and patriotic States-
men for so many years, and no plan can be pro-
nounced impractiable whl6h has btan endorsed
by so many practical engineers, and the Trustees
cannot be aoonsed of want of praration by sur-
veys when all the Informate possible to obtain
necsesary to drain was obW* t by the surveyors
of the two governmemt-e- eers, and by three
civil engineers. I undestad also why it is that
the .ppositlon has been so violent, because you
told me In one of our other talks that the people
who were opposing it were only a small number
of people, It is true, but people whose interests
lay ti the other direction, and as they happened
to be rich people they were willing to spend money
to carry out their selfish ends, as all rich people
are. I understand also why. the Trustees haven't
gone to the expense of surveying the area, because
you told me that three different surveys had been
made by competent engineers, from Okeechobee
to the sea, all of which surveys showed no obsta-
eles to the digging of canals and sufficient fall
to carry off the water easily. I also understand
how it is that the Trustees are able to make accu.
rate estimates of the cost of the work because
they can calculate the number of cubic yards to be
moved, bow many cubic yards per day each
drdge will handle, and the dally cost of operating
each dredge. You told me aso that the estimate
plaed on the cost of the work by those whose
nterets lay in opposing it were wild guesses and
whilb they were guealg th4y took good care to
make their guems big nugh to scare the peo-
ple. You remember last week I asked you to tell
me about some people trying to put up a Job on
the Trustees a short. while ago. I'd like to know
about that now.
PL--WOll my son, that takes us back to the
stormy day of the last season of the Legislature.
You will remember that GOv. froward was elected
to oeae on the drainage plaform. Certain men
who had been endeavoring f r some time to get
hold ot a large part of the lands remaining to
the Trustees, and who had been unsuccessful,
reallad' that it was all up with their cherished
project It they didn't do some pretty quick work,
before the bills carrying out the preelection
pedges otf ov. Broward, and which wee recom-
mended for passage la his message, became law.
Acoerdlagly, three men were selected by these
man who claimed title to 400,000 and odd acres
of land to come to Tallahajee and try what they
could do to save the situation, which meant, from
their standpoint, the defeat of Gov. Broward's
plans for drainage The men Selected were J. A.
Oranford, Bdward Wisner annu J. L'Bngle. Mr.
Creaford, my sea, is a large owner of lands in
this State, both in his individual capacity and
as a stockholder and' director la the Consolidated
Lead Oo. He is what is known as a "Oummo.
crat" He ran a little store, built of rough planks
set with thq emees running up and down and
stopped up with battens nailed on the outside, in
which he sold calios, kerone, chewing tobacco
and wrlitJU paper, also baon, grits and syrup,
to the hands wloa he used to operate his tur-
peOmtae busiaes. He carried on this business for
many yer tIn a haad-toemoth sort of way until
boom tiae eame ber the Florida naval stores bus-
loes. We net flad him a eitlse of the metro*
oils of the State and one of the chief members of
the Jacksonville "gum bneh."
Mr. Witner had b la a ssy drainage reclama
tion scheme, put on by dUlereat compares at
different til sm asnd a ealt of his talk about
drainage and his membership nla dratiagse com*
pale, had gotten hold of lare trte of land.
The fact that neither he aorhis oompales had
ever drained an land didn't disturb bie eoamsolence
a little bit over the propriety of his laying claim
to the lands which he acquired under a promise to
drala.
Mr. L'Bagle is a son of Dr. J. C. I'agI He
ome of good family and all of hia family coame-
acu of thought and action. But Mr. L'BgIs due
t -hil poseslon of unusual leal ablllty, became
illpetadt with the Napoleohs of flnanoe who
rkitto the Napoleonic principle of 8sling vie.
4. i Vttot ncar to ta amb w a at


the mouths of their cannon. His association with
these men asphyxiated the independence of spirit
which was his by heritage anu induced him to
give them the benefit of his brains which came to
him by right of birth, and his legal knowledge,
which he acquired, provided he was allowed to
share the fruits of the victories a la Napoleon.
Algy.-That's quite an interesting little bit of
personal history, pa, but where does the Job come
in? You say these men were appointed a commit-
tee to come to Tallahassee to try to save the sit-
uation, which looked bad from the standpoint uof
these sending them, by defeating the Trustees'
plan for drainage. What did they do?
Pa.-They didn't do anything, my son. But what
they tried to do,-that's another question. They
didn't try to do a thing but to fool the Governor
of the State of Florida.
Algy.-How was that?
* Pa.-This was their little scheme. Coming up
on the train with them was former Governor W.
8. Jennings, who at that time was, as he now is,
attorney for the Trustees. These three, Cranford,
Wisner and young L'Engle, had a little amend-
ment all prepared, which was one of that kind of
amendments that can be compared to a sugarcoat-
ed pill, innocent in appearance and taste, but
powerful in its effects, when incorporated into the
system. They showed this little amendment to
Mr. Jennings and asked him to agree to recom-
mend to the Governor to accept it. Mr. Jennings
promptly told them that he would not recommend
it; that in his opinion the amendment would de-
stroy the bill and stop all drainage operations,
and he scraped off the sugarcoating to this partic-
ular pill and showed them the poison which lay
beneath it. This committee of three concluded
that Mr. Jennings was a good man to let alone
on that particular amendment. The
next day this trio called on the Governor in his
office and told him that if he would consent to
this same amendment they would do all they
could to pass the drainage bill. They didn't tell
him that they had shown the amendment to the
attorney of the Trustees, Mr. Jennings, and to Mr.
Bryan, who was also at that time an attorney
for the Trustees. In fact, they forgot all about
this little episode which happened the day before,
and entirely failed to remember that both Mr.
Jennings and Mr. Bryan pronounced the amend.
ment sure death to the bill. A Governor is a
busy man at all times but when the Legislature is
In session he is about the busiest of all busy men.
Gov. Broward, with his mind engaged on many
matters of great importance, did not bring to the
dissection of this particular amendment that na-
tive keenness of mentality which even the sub.
sidized press gives him credit for. He was anx-
IoUs to get the aid of these gentlemen for his bill
and accepted the amendment at its face value, not
suspecting that these men would try to deceive
him. He believed them when they told him that
the amendment would perfect the bill and the few
minutes consideration that he Save to it was not
sufficient to disclose to him the real purpose of
the amendment, which wa, to destroy the bill.
Ie told them that he did not object to the amend.
meant and would send It up to Senator West, who
had charge of the bill. As soon as enator West
saw the amendment he consulted with Mr. Jen.
ning1 and Mr. Bryan and the three of them went


*1


l~ \r~9


~. ~


A -'


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THE SUN


F




Li'';1-;.


Immediately to the Gyernor's office. It was then
that the Governort Iarbed, for the first time, that
the amendment had been submitted to the two
attorneys of the Boarda and that they had pro.
bounced it cettaln death, Mrr West said that he
would withdraw the bill if that amendni nt was
insisted on by the Governor. The Governor said,
"What am I to do? I told these men that I thought
the amendment was all right. I am filling a man's
place here and I must St a, man's part. If I ain't
able 'to take care of myself I must take the con.
sequences." Mr. Wet, Mr. Jennings and Mr.
Bryan told the Governor that the amendment
would surely destroy the bill, and that he was
tricked into a partial acceptance of it, and that
the men who would come to him secretly and get
his promise to do a thing after they had been told
by the attorneys representing him in his capacity
as Trustee, that the amendment would destroy
the bill, were not entitled to any consideration,
They had secured his acquiesence in the a mend.
ment by unfair means, and it would be a greater
wrong to keep a partial promise so gained than it
would be to act contrary Lo it. And so the bill
was passed without the amendment.
Alg.-What did these three ao then, pa?
Pa.-They didn't do anything immediately, but
failing in their efforts to pull off their little trick
they took a&violent dislike to the drainage scheme
as a whole, and to that part of it provided for by
the bill passed at the last session in particular.
Algy.-Have they oone anything since, pa?
Pa.-No, they haven't really done anything but
they have been awfully busy trying to do some-
thing. They Joined in with some other patriots,
who are patriotic about the condition of their
pocketbooks, and the great Literary Bureau lo-
cated in .Jacksonville came into being, with
Choat (not pronounced Shoat) in charge of the
Literary Department, with Major Healy as dtrav
eling representative. They have been conducting
for months past and.are still conducting and will
probably conduct to the end, a terrific warfare
against the drainage proposition.
Algy.-Do you think, pas that these men really
care whether the Everglades are drained or not?
What I mean is, are they opposed to it because
they do n.ot think iL would be a good thing for
the State' to do?
Pa.-No, my son, oh, no, they are not opposed
to it on this ground. They are opposed to It be-
cause they do not. think that their particular in-
terests would be enhanced by au. They are opposed
to it because they tnink they would be better off
financially if the plan should fall.
Algy.-I hear a lot of talk about the people who
own the land to be drained being opposed to drain-
age. Is this true?
Pa.-It depends upon what you mean, my son,
by the word "people." If you mean the people
who claim the land and who wish to own it lor
the purposes of speculation, in order to fill their
own pockets, I will answer yes. But if you mean
the people who are actually living in the vicinity
of the proposed drainage district, and those wilo
own small tracts of land which are periodically
overflowed for the lack of the very system of
canals to carry off the water from Lake Okeecho.-
bee which thie Trustees have outlined, I will s8my
no. And the best proof tht I can offer you that
the real people, the actual settlers, the men who
make their living cultivating this very land, want
the protection from Lake Okeechobee overflows
which the plan of the Trustees will afford them.
is, that nearly every one of them has paid thl>
drainage tax. It Is only the large land owners,
like the three who tried to put up the job on the,
Governor, and the big corporations, who have
dodged the tax. To put it another way, my Son.
the people want the lands drained and have paiid
the drainage tax, and the speculators do not want
the lands drained and have by contention in th,'
courts sought to evade the payment of the tax.
Algy.-I have heard, pa, that the tax is a heavy
burden on the people, and by the word "people" I
mean this time the actual settlers of the area. Is
this true?
Pa.-No, my son, it Is not An inspection of thi
report from the Tax Collectors in the dralrnau'
counties of the men who have paid the drainfa
tax shows an average of less than a dollar t "'
each individual owner paid on account of t',
drainage tax, and the total amount which will
come from the actual settlers will be very sma.
Algy.-By this, I take it, the people, the actul
settlers, own a very small amount of the drelnaisl
district
Pa.-You are correct, my son, a very small
amount.
Algy.-Can you give me some cures?
(Coatinued on Pap Ib)rt-)








* .
* ~' jf' .~
;~ ~


Where State


THE SUm


i storlcal Stories Cotton


Money Qoes


Judge Malone's trent decision dissolving the
Lake City Itnjnoctio against the State Board of
Control has ended the longedrawn out fight over
the eqaAblihament of the University of Gaines.
ville, and thete Is now a prospect of a cessation
of 04pIt~j andA c.alm in educational matters, at
least until the asembling of the Legislature of
1907. That the people of Lake City will then at-
tempt to re-ope the question, is a foregone con-
clusion. Tht the people of Florida in general r3.
guard the Incident as closed, is also an admitted
fact. Lakp City stands practically alone in op-
position to the Buckman law.
N ow that the agitation over the location of the
UlTyersAty has received a quietus, it might be
well to enlighten the people of Florida as to the
amount the State is paying for education.
We are not prepared to say that the 8tate is
paying too much for its excellent system of pub-
lic schools, but will give a compilation of figures
that represent the cost of the system under the
present law.
When the Florida taxpayer pays the tax of Ij
mill* levied for general revenue, he vainly ima-
gines he is contributing that amount to the gen-
eral expense of the State. In reality he is paying
a school tat*
The Legislature of 1905 was exceedingly liberal
with appropriations for schools. A careful study
of the Comptroller's report for the year 1905 re-
veals the fact that more than half of the total did-
bursements from the general revenue fund for
that year was for educational purposes, and that
more than the 1 mill levy.
The Legislature of 1906 authoriseQ the levy of
a tax of 1| mlls for general revenue, to meet the
unusual and extraordinary appropriations made
upon that fund. The taxable valuation of the
State is $181,486,598, which produced $197,164.48
for general revenue. From other sources, inclui-
ing tgneral and special, license taxes, proceeds
from the sale of tax certificates and fertilizer
stamps, etc., the general revenue fund for the
year 1906 wa Incrased to $897,782.386,
The dibure nt from this fund for the year
aowmt~ta$d to ,69.12. Of this $400,2567.42,
more 'thawIn"f o ,the disbursements, went to the
school. MWl people pay the lj mill levy for
genera td they imagine they are paying it.
for the support of the State government, when .as
a matter more than this amount is
absorbed by th eormous appropriations for edu-
cationarl po., and if it were not for other
sources of td eo6 the levy for general revenue
would fall abort of the appropriations for schools
to be paid ot of it.
The appropriations made by the Legislature .of
1905 for eduational purposes were as follows:
State aid for attendance at public sanools,
Chapter 5881. ........................$ 50,000
Uniform system of public schools, Chap-
ter 6882. .......... ......... ... ... ... 50,000
State aid to certain public schools, Chap-
ter 58388. ............................. 25,000
Teachers' Bummer Training Schools,
Chapter 5885. ........................ 2,500
Buckman bill, Chapter 5384, for educa-
tional institutions. ..................... 76,000
$202,500
In addition to the above amounts, the schools
received the following:
One mill State school tax............$118,041.00)
Interest Seminary Fund............. 992.25
Interest on State School Fund........ 33,412.40
U.,S8. Governmtat appropriations:
Experiment Station Fund ........... 15,000.00
Experiment Station Incidental Fund.. 1,341.44
Agriculutral College Fund. .......... 3,969.52
Morrill UNd white. ................. 12,500. 00
Morrill Fund, colored. ............... 12,500.0
$197,757.42
Adding appropriations from general
revenue fund of................... $202,500.00
GOlves a total of ..................... $4000,657.42
For eduaestional purposes as against an entire
disbursement of 769,869.12.
Thus it will be een that in addition to the
$197,757.43 applied to the support of the schools
from the one mill school tax, Interest on 8tate
School and Seminary funds and the Unlted
States government appropriations, the entire
levy of 1) mills tax on the entire taxable valua-
tion of $181,486,593 las not sufficient to pay the
legtalative apl atles of $302,500 for educa-
mtiee buta debit of nearly $6,000 lis
met out oftorevenue from Uoenaes.


By Zaidees Douglass Adam.

MARY STUART
Mary, Queen of Uoetland, the pupil of DIaa of
Poictlers, the exponent of French 0ultuir, f oN
of a hundred leaves was transplatted Witti ri e
aration, to the rugged hills of dootland, Whero te a
customs and traditions were more inexorable 0ld 2
hostile to her, than its rock bound shores, her
the middle class, the followers of Joh44i ,
loathed and distrusted her, where the nobles did
worse than this, and loved her. What could o0Ue a
of it but disaster? To expect asucesas was to eB
dow her with superhuman qualitles, whtch I
poor Mary did not nave. But at any rate to
the time of her advent into oo0sad, ashe Wa ail P
that was pure and beautiful. Waltua thus do. B
scribes the young queen at that time:
"Love or even poetry were powerless to depict
her at this progressive period of her life, to paint
that beauty which conslated lesa ti ter o or tha i
in her fascinating grace; youth, heart, get s 0
passion, the tall and slender shape, the ha l* V
ous movement, th& round and flSaible, tbat t
oval face, the fre lof her look, the gres of a
lips, the saxon fairness, the pale beauty of or
hair, the light she shed around her wherever she
went, the night, the void, the deert she left ti
hind when no longer present; the attraction re '
sembling witch-craft, which unoonscioustly em a
anated from her, and which drew towards her, as r
it were, a current of eyes, of desires, of h"eal9 a
the tone of her voice, which, once hard, rea sod-* p
ed forever in the ear of the listener, and that p
natural genius of soft eloquence, and of drebany
poesy which distinguished this youthful Cleopatra i
of the Scotts; the numberless portraits wh$ih itI
poetry, painting, sculpture, and even stein n prose t
nave preserved of her, all breathe love as well as t
art. We feel that the artist trembles while paint ti
ing." ti
However, this Queen of Love, as well s of a
Scotland, steered well her little craft, through b
the stormy crowd of lovers that surrounded her,
and selected for hqr secretary and adviser, one
Rizzlo, an Italian, so lowly of birth, as to be in. t.
asole to aspire to her love, a shrewd man, nd _
loyal, who aware of the difficulties and a r
encompassing his royal mistress, advised aooejt
ance of the suitor most likely to strengthen her
position upon the throne of Scotland. ilrd
Darnly, however, found favor with Mary,, notes
much for his royal pretentious, as for the wonder
ful grace of his person, and it he had been aa e
as he was beautiful, all would have gone well InI
"Bonnie Scotland."
Stoddard thus speaks of the Queen's marriage:
It is pathetic to reflect that Mary's whole arer
might have been changed if she had wedded a
different kind of man, for the heart of a ,waam .
like Mary resembles a blank page on which eo ne
hand and only one may write Fate's tersa deree
of happiness or woe. She was a womma whosl
the right marital influence would have encouraed t
to the noblest deeds; and she was doubtless well
aware of this, and seeing her Irrparable eror, a
became sad and reckless." i
Besides violence and -ingratitude towards
Mary, Darnley made many enemies at co dt, d a
among these was Risslo, who seems to hae dp.
fended the Queen at all tidies and in all place ,
against the brutality and vulgarity of her hwue
band. Mary'p entourage was composed of a mo*
ley hoard of nobles for the most part treaoher.
ous and blood thirsty men, that Wpold 9 t 00
deed of violence, nor did they value
life that stood in the way of their
Scotch government, and making p
royal pair. A conspiracy was t
of Rissio, who being a foreigner., was abq t e
only disinterested man at ourt. Thi Wsi a 'I*
Ifcult matter to aoomplAsh, the Intedd
being in such high favor with the G S
was at last decided to play upo that m
the friendship of the Queen with be-
rotary. Daraly was persuaded Ito
her favorite was to be slan lan toi r l
the Queen, thereby endanerin hr
of her prospective child, leaving only the weak i
and childish Darnly to bendleo, wat g w d wo I
no hard task. '
And this was done! The Quesi, howwvi, 4 1
not die,. but the little heir to the throw, a
weak and goggle-eyed, and was aa arrnsat .oiar I
fearing an unseen dagger thrust all of hisj ,
The Queen did not diet But 8oeetbtn 0
delicalte, illusive, called a woan's ft
ed by that awful deed. After that ight
the rose was a roem no longer, b beaame a ai
unbending woman, seeking by 4aasU ta
what she had failed to pdrIona by love at
A crisis like this ake a dpf oraa aa a at
(Cotlaned cM Pa Teo.)


is the earwo..*-at v
Maoatidw fatiom w
c1 Mom &uofalmsth tle

mp~et~lbut- ever weOMQ
larets yore not fshlo "I'm
Wi jauteAa boom t is trub0 't
lmutd inla .Ma EW


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treM aM aRd eval.te gi~'tIS
hade to those who walked m
'Bat for a math or two, In
al wt the o ton S letahed

oee trelliagh sae the
nd .o theAM yad Tftr
laees of a sieamot
But it has had Its.
she6, sol monareah of thetai
has almost whoy Madpprpg
the a ad othr tand 'tCu
aken th plae of the C0 ow
W"-and &W hos aA
mew have amt, la toA 1 I:' 1
rf ble dlees ea The at
Now1 aposthhedale o f t6
rom awy ISOa of -iottOm


uch settoas of the
liable aa to omamat
hert And who ki
was at h50d l-
lat. o6-el ai toq


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5 49 1906
MAJORITY ViRDICTG O JURIMES


5Thaks to the precepts taught lin our early youth, and owing to the Ie'-
Sons which we lusited at our mother's knee, we have a wholesome, affect-
tionate, well regulated, always working, respect for old age.
But in spite of this deittvely seeorlbed respect tor old age we have a
irile repet for n-w things ,
While our repeat f a tise is casthol enough to include all branches,,
we haveaeter bees able to make It extend far enough to take in that moe
auelet of a slthlang-
CUSTOM.
We have seoe respect for custom, provided always that It be
a GOOD eat1,9 but we have no pattleb whatever with custom ft its a BAD
ouio A, t because It Is CUSTOM.
o tak wter ever drove hi'bslave so hard and so relentlessly as this
wo"rt f all laveholders, CUSTOM.
We think that its about time that the people, the American people at
least,ould break away from this old task master and declare themselves
free from many of his ruling.
Cutom used to blad the people In religion, in medicine and in law,
although under different names for each.
iogluas outom was called the doctrines of the saints and martyrs; medi-
dOal custom was called the iles of practice; and legal custom went under
the same of *preoedent laid down by the beut authorities."
Mental activity on the part of the people has caused them to rise superior
to many of the superstitions of religion and the follies and ole fogy notions
about medicine.
It has also helped a little bit in law, but legal custom, because of its
mysterioU worukin ad the DREAD OF THE UNKNOWN CONS81-
QUENOS of running contrary to it, still holds us with firm grasp.
One of the legal customs which we think should be broken is the require-
ment of a unanimous verdict of juries.
Why should it be necessary for all of a jury to agree in order to declda
a question of property or, if you will, a question of LIFE AND LIBERTY,
when all other questions that affect the welfare and happiness of the Ameri-
can people are decided by a majority vote?
This question of unanimous agreement of juries is antiquated.
It is not in keeping with the spirit of the age. It has served its usefulness.
It Is time It was relegated to the dust-covered cobwebby corner in which
witbhoraft is stored away.
There is no greater question, there is no more Important question, there
is no question In which the people are more deeply concerned than the ques-
tion of government, and in this republic ALL QUESTIONS OB GOVERN-
MINT are decided by a MAJORITY VOTE of the people.
With equal Justice can questions coming up in the courts be decided by a
majority vote of the jury.
In the Iee trust ases recently tried in Jacksonville the same facts were
presented in both cases.
In the first ae, we are told, the jury stood four to two for conviction for
a long time and brought In a compromise verdict of acquittal. This hap-
pened because the two who stood for acquittal were possessed of stronger
mentality and more determination to see their opinions prevail than the four.
We are also told that OTHER CONSIDERATIONS were brought POWER-
FULLY before the two, to induce-them to hold out and bring the four
arWod.
However that may be, and whatever was the cause of the verdict, the fact
is that IOUR were not able to make their Judgment go in face of the oppo-
sition of TWO.
In the second trial tae Jury stood five to one for conviction and the case
resulted in a mistrial.
Is there any reason which can be brought forward to show why the opln-
ion ot four men or the opinion of five men is not as good, as sound and aw
equtable, as the opinion of six nen?
It 8si me are given the power, unanimously agreeing, to dispose of the
property sad the liberties of the people, why should not four of the six,
agreeing, be. entrusted with this power.
In the court of last resort, the Supreme Court of the State, there are six
judges, four of whom, agreeing, can decide whether or not a man's life
hall be take, or whether or not a man's property shal be taken, from which
deoolson of the four there is no appeal. Is there any greater reason why a
petit ury should be required to agree unanimously than .the court of la&it
*urely not because there is a chance to correct a mistake in the first case
and no cia00e to correct a mistake In the second.
Oven anobstinate two or an obstinate one on any jury, and justice may
be delayed by a mistrial or defeated by an acquittal.
Jury duty l burdshsome and objectionable to the very men who should
serve on l. Men who have buslnes of their own to attend to, men of
afairs, men whoe Judgment has been ripened by contact with and suooess-
ful solVnof t problem of life, are the very men WHO ARE WANTED
ON TH WURY, ad' these are the men who seek to avoid Jury duty on ac-
count of the demand It akese upon their time.
Itf majority vrt could decide, Jury duty would become less irksome
and bette ean could be secured as jurors.
It Li not the ttm that is con ed IN TH COURT ROOM, that men
have a wholeome dread of, because their interest is aroused in the case.
The changing soeanes from witness to lawyer, the battle of wits between the
attorney on eachk side, the contemlton of the questions as they come uT.
and are threshed out. keep their tds occupied and their interest up.
It it the TIMB SiM te TM JURY ROOM that is held In terror by the
men who would make the best Jurvms,
Any man of Intelligoe an maluphts mind aa to the merits of the caso
presented to him, as a Juror, WITHIN A SHORT TIME after he retires to
ooMalder his verdict; and the verdict which would result by a poll of the
Juy shortly after it retired. WOULD O01li NEAR.R being a Jut an,
equitable verdict than the verdict strived at by unanimous consent after a
lor and p retracted wrangle In the Jury roop.
l the ft cuse the mae t would be a 8PONTANEOU8 EX.
PRIUSION and a FRmB uR. .ONj of the opinion of the men who cast
In the second cas a unanimoau wnlct Is always a compromise verdict.
We thiak that the Constlt to esrths State should be so amended as to
mae majority verdict poble. We believe that Florida should lead in
think It might be better to acrAse the number of jurors to twelve il
every cams, so that SBVBN MAY BRING IN A VERDICT.


sr


IT


GENTLEMEN, ITSYO w
Several times before we have said that O 1-,kfUlwhen i .11-
agree with us to the point of taUin p for A 4 O to t questions wiic'i
we have already taken up in this pate. t
It is with pleasurable agitation, therefore, that w obsre that the Jac
sonville Board of Trade h!Jte.eSte4 tlta He 5ttor of the colige.
tion of the terminal at ackson le. ,
We are posesed of that sublime oozfdeo ,l" to itPoWe0 s that yojjl
always pOsesses. and we haven't been 0loo kio T.Ot Iny help in the
fight t16tWe- a#f dertaken on behalf the pboe business hai
been partially prysed by this atoolp-stlO' b are always ready tou
welcome a volunteer without passing t or his muscuiik
development procaling him euipped t m
We, phrefo1, toitik that the Board of TiMe SO BME, but we
will not dSlve ourselves with the hope that It, MUCH.
-


IF THE
MAUJORIRY
RULED W[M


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A


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:ABOUT A6


The Jacksonville Board of Trade is composed of business men and when
the rights of the people are entrusted to business men-
THE LORD BE WITH THIC RIGHTS OF THE PUOPLB I
The history of the world shows that business men are the most timid peo-
plo on earth, because of their fear that any activity on thetr part might
cause a disturbance n BUSINE88, which would workto th USINESS
DISADVANTAGE.
The Board of Trade did paus some reolutons, but thew wee of the ice
cream and.masaroon variety, pluing to te tasto, bt wepy looking in
We think that the Railrad-of Commaosu o te S ais the
ONLY BODY on which th people caM dS'd jrelf oeo ham s Iatolerl-
ble condtioton-*
But, we thbak that the Raed hlroa 0 t .Jworda
,HOULD ACT,, and we do nt sAo Se' Yof the
Commiion SOON ENOUGH TO DOA n .LS.
ACTS, In sucb manner uas to OBT AN" .,w',


;ipjlU


THE SUN


VIA'. .


1 71


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I*14i. US
r


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THE iOLW
Ill IWA_ III


7rJ


~r


SIa revived the transorlpt of the testimony whioh he
e e, Inspired by the Vitation of the subject by this
ai personal luvesi Uon.
id be gone over by the tall Board, digested and assMn-
of relief determlhed upon.
t thls shoUld be done AT ONC.
281AT Is the rellet of this oememtion is costinC theu
MA WVO AMOUNT 01P MON.
ath Aqopville terminals has affcte4 the movet
S t t every point to which the fl1ro1d0s
t pages of the testUmony it will tsak uoa to
rK should begin now.
te Is reported to be in Battle Creek, fhian, sm 4 has
km to travel nla the Maut sAti Octobesr,


10..


mma


Al~


'~.Uue
it."


Tor FOI COrtv(Tgot
BUT FOR BU31IES \
REA30S I COULO'M}
AFFORD TO HOLD


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we h-MA&MI& to hae
written about;
MU tbemain
bout ti m Ak-

ask our resaderito mewder .the q'Aetlo.14 09dr. 71 q~
Moad trave~ in this omuty. 1
The aebd.oi..gt br-

bee r o
wheter r st t#SUT.,I"S wt i h %
FMto Ofl inigor d .o
tfimesItby 7.te uumjpIW one S3to
whther adIor 4904 asem$, t~i~ wos.0 r.
U14"'' ~MWorbof u
IIThwerenot tfor the fAO't61 A 4J~
We woldnst hve ntibi~~iab~tt
Of M y I i


ova
GTO


it N' 10% a


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foultyei e
felllow r o"


(ml oaer Mora at one of the Southern mmr remuts, .aw
tn~ratln is that he does not expect to return until 80me tille e'
tember.
Ordnarthle'two Compl-losers could with perfect propriety tako
them bat thbu t atUlar time the State is ooItsat with aM
Thee to work it the R0 road Commluo to do wMhih ts MOS IMPOR.
AT e "a work that It has ever before had to do, ,*ao tte Os 'tI
Mor"a ad Comualulone Browns s advMte as to i
Th- et *H brt their vadatiosa, lometo Tahauae w
W~I f their vwatloMs after ther warie t
W J*mth isdao sit t'woSC
of OMr T Wte s tla the hope that Map *ay meg I- c
hji w9p m thtipsw-- Rhle U Me I B


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TOEU SUN


Augpst 4, 1906

* .'* ."


Gossip About the Great and Near-Great
Or that Proportion of Them Who Visit the State Capital.


Hon. Shep Clark, the "Kid" Senator from Cal-
houn County, was recently a visitor to the capital.
"Who told you I was going to be a candidate for
Secretary of State?" asked Mr. Clark of the re-
porter, when the subject was broached. "It's a
mistake, I'm not a candidate for anything. I have
one more session to serve in the Senate and thcu
I'll be out of politics, It's too expensive. I'm conm-
lag to the next session, of course, because I've
sure got some things to do here. I've got to vote
for the drainage business, tor State Insurance and
for the repeal of the Buckman bill, and I want to
have Just one more Interview with Peter 0.," anl
the laugh that followed was clearly reminiscent.
"Now don't you go and tell that to anybody, be-
cause you know rm Just joking," but the repo.'-
ter didn't promise.
Another interesting visitor last week was Mr.
J. Hall Brumsy of Volusia County. Mr. Brum-
say was appointed Solicitor of the Criminal Court
of Record when Mr. J. W. Perklns was removed,
thereby becoming a much talked of young man.
Mr. Brumsey, however, has other claims to pub-
lic recognition. He is the editor of The Mercury,
the first Issue of which was recently published at
DeLand, and which will continue to be published,
"in the Interest of truth," and above and beyond
all this he "has the loveliest hair and eyes!" The
words are borrowed, but the reporter vouches
that the application is genuine.
Former Governor X. P. Fleming spent several
hours In Tallahassee recently. He came up to
appear before the Supreme Court In the case of


Historical Stories.
(Continuaed From Page Seven.)
most women. In Mary's case the effect was firat
a devil, and then an angel. The Queen, however,
was not so black as she was painted. This was
proved by Bothwell's death-bed conte-mle, bi
which he exonerates her from direct and per al
participation in the murder of Darnly. t' It isto
true that she afterward by marriage with the mur-
derer, stamped the deed with her approval.
Her life after her ecood -marriage seems t
have been a restless dream of the semses. "Diana
In the morning, Venus In the evening," complain-
ed Knox, and so the dance weat eat But at last
by a backward swing of the.pendulum, retrbution
came, as it always must. Bothwell was forced to
leave the country, and by a series of milfeOtune,
she who was once called 'The ros of the
Starts," imprisoned, dethroned, and departed
took fuge in Elongland, which was oao aa ex*
aug of prisons, with this differe that she
ti ba4dW of death Itself for nine we-ar mot


the "Ice Trust." "When I walk on Tallahassee
soil," said Mr. Fleming, "L feel that I am very
nearly upon my native heath. That is becaua3
the four years I spent in Tallahassee when I was
Governor endeared both place and people to me."
The feeling is mutual for no man in the State is
held in higher esteem by Tallahasseans.
*
"The Board of Public Works of Jacksonville id
visiting Tallahassee," was whispered as the repor-
ter walked into the hotel. "The' Board of Public
Works of Jacksonville! Isn't that a mistake?"
was whispered back in tones of incredulity. "No,
no mistake. There he is," and gazing in the di-
rection Indicated the somewhat attenuated f or.n
of A. W.W Cookrell, Jr., of Jacksonvile, met the
eye. "Call that the Board?" was the next quen-
tion. "Well," said the first speaker, "I'll give you
a little Imitation of a meeting of that Board. The
nine members get together, Mr. B. F. Dillon pro-
siding. Mr. Cockrell, the secretary of the Board,
reads a communication that requires the action
of the Board. 'I think we ought to dispose of
that matter thus-and-so,' says Mr. Cockrell. 'It is
so ordered,' says Mr. Dillon. The rest keep on
saying nothing, and the matter, whatever it may
be, is thus disposed of. Ain't that Just as good its
BEING the Board?" And the reporter could an-
swer only with the silence that is said to be
equivalent to consent.
A group of younger men seated on the veranda
Included the Hon. Rivers H. Buford, Mr. John
Pasco and Mr. C. G. Parlin. Mr. Pasco's claim to
distinction, aside from the fact that he is the son
of his father, lies in the other fact that he is the
youngest Chief Engineer of a railroad in this


now had Elizabeth, her worst enemy and rival, a4
a Jailor.
Nineteen years in prison, in deadly peril, under
the spiritual sense of Mary of Scotland. rose high
above all earthly joy or woe, and bravely met
death like a true woman, a queen, and a martyr.
Like Byron: "Many know better how to liv.3
than Mary, but few know better how to die."
In summing up the causes of her failure we
find the following facts:
First-Her education In France, to deal with
conditions entirely different from those of Scot-
land.
Second-National hate, in religion and politics.
Third-Treachery of her nobles.
Fourth-Disappointment in her marriage.
Fifth-Separation from the hallowing influ.
ences of her only child.
Sixth-The rivalry existing between herself
and Elisabeth.
And I might add as a possible seventh, the awk-
ward fact, that every man she met fell nla love
with her.


country. Mr. Pasco holds that position with tho
Georgia, Florida and Alabama Railpoad,
Mr. Parlin, son of the Surveyor-General of
Florida, has also achieved distilction at an early
age, or rather, in a sense, had It thrust upon him.
Mr. Parlin was recently el96ted President of th3
Franklin Lumber Co., and is the youngest officer
the company has. His brilliant auburn locks
seem to cover a brain only less brilliant than
themselves.
During the legislative session of 1901 Mr.
Rivers H. Buford was known as "that pretty boy'
and as a promising orator. Morning after morn-
ing his desk in the House was covered with tha
choicest roses that could be culled from the
famed rose gardens of Tallahassee. This was
due, it is said, to the fact that Mr. Buford was 0n
ardent advocate of a bill.that was regarded with
extreme favor in feminine circles. But 'alas! Mr.
Buford, while still young is no longer "pretty."
That sylphlike form of his, the airy grace of
movement, the slender beauty that he boasted,
are gone, all gone. Mr. Buford is growing fat.
S S


A figure familiar to most Floridians was that
of Mr. Henry Curtis who recently spent a day in
the capital. Mr. Curtis, as everybody knows, acts
in the capacity of Immigration Agent for the Sea-
board Air Line and makes 'his home in Quincy.
Mr. Curtis has been instrumental in locating 7"
families in Florida in the last few months. HW
is extremely enthusiastic on the subject of tobac
co culture in Gadsden County and predicts h
brilliant future for the county through this i1-
dustry, but when it comes to "talking Florida"
Mr. Curtis knows no locality-his efforts are di.
rected towards benefitting the whole State.


Cotton on Trees.
(Continued From Page Seven.)
the first and the third year's double the second.
Each succeeding crop will no doubt increase still
further, as it is well known that trees of this v-
riety after the third year have yielded 5 to 1'
pounds of clean cotton per tree annually during
a known life of twenty years and over. It wi!l
thus be seen that if one-third of the cotton-growM
Ing area of India were planted with this tree the
result of the second year would be a crop far in
excess of that of this country and America put to'
gether. The quality is so excellent that it opens
an entirely new field for Indian manufactures,
the importance of which, bearing. so greatly as it
does upon the future prosperity of the country,
can not be overestimated."


VFW


Too,"', Aw













eljewath I.


TIHi SUN


August 4, 1906


TLH UN rI[L Thrillnt Story of. owl "
TniH JUNGLE Nove thati has' 6#'iklNon _______ SicI
.' ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~mm Napo i* !.. ,* .-'." ** *' _____


Dealing is Oattle-10,000 Head Each
Day.
Here and there about the alleys
galloped men upon horseback, booted,
and carrying long whips; they were
very busy, calling to each other, and
to those who were driving the cattle.
They were drovers and stock relsers,
who had come from far States, and
brokers and commission merchants,
and buyers for all the big packing.
houses. Here and there they would
stop to inspect a bunch of cattle, and
there would be a parley, brief and
businesslike. The buyer would nod or
drop his whip; and that would mean
a bargain; and he would note it in
his little book, along with hundreds
of others he had made that morning.
Then Jokubas pointed out the place
where the cattle were driven to be
weighed, upon a great scale that
would weigh a hundred thousand
pounds at once and record it automat.
ically. It was near to the east entrance
that they stood, and all along this east
side of the yards ran the railroad
tracks, into which the cars were run,
loaded with cattle. All night long this
had been going on, and now the pens
were full; by to-night they would all
be empty, and the same thing would
be done again.
"And what will become of all these
creatures?" cried Teta Elzbleta.
"By to-night," Jokubas answered,
"they will all be killed and cut up;
and over there on the other side of the
packing-houses are more railroad
tracks, where the cars come to take
them away."
There were two hundred and fifty
miles of tracks within the yards, their
guide went on to tell them. They
brought about ten thousand head of
cattle every day, and as many hop,
and half- as many sheep-which
meant some eight or ten million live
creatures turned into food every
year. One stood and watched, and lit-
tle by little caught the drift of the
tide, U It set in the direction of the
packing-houses. There were groups of
cattle 'being driven to the chutes,
which were roadways about fifteen
teet wide, raised high above the pens.
In these chutes the stream of animals
was continuous; it was quite uncanny
to watch them, pressing on to' their
fate, all unsuspicious-a very river of
death. Our friends were not poetical,
and the sight suggested to them no
metaphors of human destiny; they
thought only of the wonderful effi-
ciency of it all. The chutes into which
the hop went claimed high up-to the
very tQp of the distant buildings; and
Jokubas explained that the hop went
Uip by the power of their own legs,
and then their weight carried them
back through all the processes neces-
sary to make them into pork.
Nothing Waeted-All beed Except
iquealJ.
"They don't waste anything here,'
said the guide, ana then he laughed
and added a witticism, which he was
pleased that his unsophisticated
friends should take to be his own:
They use everything about the nog
except the squeal." In front of
Brown's General vuce building there
grows a tiny plot of grass, and this,
you may learn, is the only bit of green
thing In Packlngtown; likewise this
Jest about the hog and his queal, the
stock in trade of all the guides, is the
one gleam of humanity that you will
find there.
After they had seen enough of the
pens, the party went up the street, to
the mass of buildings which occupy
the centre of the yards. These build-
ings, made of brick and stained with
innumerable layers of Packlngtown
smoke, were painted all over with ad-
vertising signs, from which the visi-
tor realized suddenly that he come to
the home of many of the torments of
his life. It was here that they made
those products with the wonders of
which they petered am so-by pla-
cards that defaced the landscape when
he traveled and tby staring advertise


ments In the newspapers and maga-
sines-by silly little Jingles that he
could not get out of his mind and
gaudy pictures o..at lurked for him
around every street corner. Here was
where they made Brown's Imperial
Hams and Bacon, Brown's Dressed
Beef, Brown's Excelsior Sausages!
Here was the headquarters oft Dur-
ham's Pure Leaf Lard, Durham's
Breakfast Bacon, Durham's Caned
Beef, Potted Ham, Devilled ChcMke%
Peerless Fertilizert
Entering cno of too Durham build-
ings, they found a number of other
visitors waiting; and before long
there came a guide to escort them
through the place. They make a
great feature of showing strangers
through the packing plants, for It is
a good advertisement. But Jonas
Jokubas whispered maliciously that
the visitors did not see any more than'
the packers wanted them to.
They climbed a long series of stair-
ways outside of the building to the
top of its five or six stories. Here
were the chute, with its river of hogp,
all patiently toiling upward; there
was a place for them to rest to cool
off, and then through another passage-
way they went into a room from
which there is no returning for hogs.
It was a long, narrow room, with a
gallery along it for visitors. At the
head there was a great iron wheel,
about twenty feet in circumference,
with rings here and there along its
edge. Upon both sides of this wheel
there was a narrow space, into whicn
came the hogs at the end of their
journey; in the midst of them stood
a great burly negro, bare-armed and
bare-chested. He was resting for the
moment, for the wheel had stopped
while men were cleaning up. In a min-
ute or two, however, it began slowly
to revolve, and then the men upon
each side of it sprang to work. They
had chains which they fastened about
the leg of the nearest hog, and the
other end of the chain they hooked
into one of the rings upon the wheel.
8o, as the wheel turned, a hog was
suddenly jerked off his feet and borne
aloft.
At the same instant the ear was as-
sailed by a most terrifying shiek; the
visitors started in alarm, the women
turned pale and shrank back. The
shriek was followed by another,
louder and yet more agonsing- for.
once started upon that Journey, tho
hog never came back; at the top of
the wheel he was shunted off upon
a trolley, and went sailing down the
room. And meantime another was
swung up, and then another and an-
other, until there was a double line of
them, each dangling by a foot and
kicking in frenzy-and squealing.
The uproar was appalling, perilous to
the ear-drums; one feared there was
too much sounu for the room to hold
-that the walls must give way or the
ceilings crack. There were high
squeals and low squeals, grunts, and
wails of agony; there would come a
momentary lull, and then a fresh out
brust, louder than ever, surging up
to a deafening climax. It was too
much for some of the visitors-the
men would look at each other, laugh.
ing "nervously, and the women would
stand with hands clenched, and the
blood rushing to their faces, and the
tears starting in their eyes.
Meantime, heedless of all thee
things, the men upon the floor were
going about their work. Neither
squeals of hogs nor tears of visitors
made any difference to them; one by
one they booked up the hop, and one
by one with a switi stroke they slt
their throats. There was a long line
of hogs, with speals and life-blood
ebbing away together; until at lest
each started again, and vanished with
a splash into a nuge vat of boiling
It was all so very businesslike that
one watched it fascinated. It was
pork-making by machinery, pork-smk-
Ing by applied mathematics. And


yet somehow the pmost msttertf-tat
person could not help thinking of the
hogs; they were so IA4oo0t, they
came so very trustingly. I .they
were so very human lathi protests
-and so perfectly within their


where it stayed for twen0g1t 5 ar.
and where a stranr might loe him*
selt In a forest of freeming h p
Oarmes Blip G overmmeat Iupo.
gift.


rights They hau done nothing. to de Before the carcass was admitted
serve it, and it was adding I n1si to here, however, it had to pass a Gov-
injury, as the thing was dope here, ernment inspector, who at in the
swinging then up In thi old-blooded, doorway and felt of tho glands in the
Impersonal way, without pretence at ne6k for tuberculosis, This Govern-
apology, without the homage f a tear. meant Inspector did tot hare the man-
Now and then avtiltor wepto to be nor of a man who wp Vwrked to
sure; but this slaughtering maine death; he was ppar tlynot haunted
ran on, visitors or no victors. It by a far that the o fight get by
was like some horrible crime come him before he nag ljd 4 dhis. stin.
mlttpd in a duaghon, all unseen and If you were a soc le s A e was
unheeded, buried out of sight and of quite willing to eater Into covereor
memory, tion with you, and to eplatn to you
"Glad FJr Not a Ho."-ramip Of the deadly nature of the stomalnes
The drlrtlea. which are found in tuber6uiar pork;
One could not stand and watch very and while he was talking with ou
long without beomin philosophical, you could hardly be so rateul as
without beginning to deal In symbols to notice that d n wre
and similes, and to hear the hop passing him untouched. ThIS laspe.
squeal of the universe. Was it permit tor wore a blue uniform, Wth ,brass
ted to believe that there was nowhere buttons, and he gave an atmosphere
upon the earth, or above the earth, of authority to the soene, and, as it
a heaven for hogs, where they were were, put the stamp of oflcial approve.
roquited for all this suffering? Bach al upon the things which wee Oone
one of these hogs wa a separate in Durhan's.
creature. Some were white hogs, some Jurgis went down the line with the
were black; some were brown, seine rest of the visitors, staring open-
were spotted; some were old, some mouthed, lost ln wonder. He had
were young; some were long and lean, dresed hogs himself to the forest cf
some were monstrous. And each of Lithuania; but he had never ex-
them had an individuality of his own, pected to live to see one hog dresed
a will of his own, a hope and a heart's by several hundred men. It was like
desire; each was full of self-conf- a wonderful poem to him, and he took
dence, of self-importance, and a sense it all in guilelesslyrem to the o"n-
of dignity. And trusting and strong in spicuous signs demanding Immmau-
faith he had gone about his bustiess, late cleanliness of the employee. Jur-
the while a black shadow hung over gis was vexed when the cynical Jo-
him and a horrid Fate waited In his kubas translated these signs with.
pathway. Now suddenly it had sacrifice comments, offering to take
swooped up him, and had seized him them to the secret rooms where the
by the leg. Relentless, remorseless, it spoiled meats went to be doctored.
was; all his protests, his screams, The party descended to the next
were nothing to it-It did its cruel floor, where the various Waste mate-
will with him, a- if his wishese, his rials were treated. Here came the in-
feeling., ha4 simply no existence at trails, to be scraped ad washed clean
all; it cut his throat and watched him for sausagecasings; men and women
gasp out his life. And now was one to worked here in the midst of a sicken-
belleve that there was nowhere a god ing stench, which caused the visitors
of hops, to whom this hog-personality to hasten by, gasping. To another
was precious, to whom these hog- room came all the scraps to be "tank.
squeals and agenies had a m aning? ed," which meant boiling and pump.
Who would take this Into his arms ing off thegrsae to makl sop and
and comfort him, reward him for his lard; below they took out the refuse.
work well done, and show him the and this too was a region in yhich
meaning of his secrlfloe Perhaps the visitors did not linger. In still
some glimpse of all this was nla the other places me wre engaged la
thoughts of our humble-minded cutting up the amsaes that had been
Jurgis, as he turned to go on with through the chilling rooms. First
the rt of th arty and mutterod- there were the "pitters" the most
"Dieve-but I'm glad I'm not a hog" expert workmen i the plant, who
The carcass hog was scooped out of rerned as high as ifty cents an hour,
the vat by machinery, and then it fell and did not a thing all day seept
to the second floor, passing on e w chop o down the midd Then
through a wonderful .Machie wl ta woere "cla vern ." gretl ants
numerous scrapers, which ,aJusted wih muscles of Iron; earth ha two
themselves to the sise and Sape of men to attend him-to slide the halt
the animal, and sent it out at the eeawas n front of him on the table,
other end with nearly al of Its brs and hold it while he shopped it, and
Use remove.. It w then st .up thu tum sb pie so that e oght
by machinery, and sent upon another chop it once more. His clea r
trolley ride; this time passing ,tw--n- blade about two fe t lofg. t ad he
two lines of men, who sat upon never made but one cut;., he de it
raised platform, each doing a certain o a tly, too, that l iampement did
single thin to the ss as it se not mite through and u itelf-
to him. One scrapped the outside o there re-wasJust.=00 f -o- 6rc f .
a log; another scraped theisd6 u t s o
the Sam e leg. SOne wif a Mwift troe vm r hi A n iO i bI hrtii
acut the throat;, another with two swift ?to e below--" eosa p
strokesevered the head. which fell to o an,,r foru. aJ, e
the floor and vanished th gh a Ihols .tieso por ii to
Another made a slit dow the by; a this MoorW
second opened the body g' wder a where the hams Wtore s 't
third with a.saw cut the breast bone; sad the great .ks te
a fourth looseed the entrails; a ttn aSStight lo ieas.
pulled them out-sad, they also slid Mhr sit3e5
through a hole in the foor. There ee r fi ,l of Itt
were men to scrape each side and men et towes to theel e
to scrape the back; there p men to otero they we gI tn up
clean the carcass Inside, to trim It and Si l SaG a wrap
wash It Looking dyn this room, one pa.., hame bSIU .. _
sw, crespi swtlo, a Une of d SS3gMi swn
lIg hos e hundred yards In la --" m th.Gso? .m re
ad for eve yard there was a a ,,,.at _
Worlg t a demon were aftr him. Sl Whr freiht oe.


wag rolled Into the shi Wag I||bS km A & mu
wa "s lat Me ,< ^ ^i*.


L' ^


^.^


7A








K ~ ~ -


August 4, 1906


EDITORIALS


I
. ", *


OVERFLOW


SRI1ALLY, THIS ALZXAN *OT. OCLAIR*ABRAMS It TOO FUNNY.
UIf Mo Alexandr -t OlarAbraa, e Wre not s*oN a busybody we would
consider s utas u barie saad let hisr lone.
We oertaly wild not give him spo" on this page which we try to keep
tree from 4daeamtoA of umlpertant things. But beeo se of the fact that
he ti SUOH A BUSYBODY, and is able to Mrs plenty of stenographme to
transcrlbe t eldltous notions, there is some danger that sMme of his fol-
lies ma eoside1d as worthy of conslderatlon by the few people who
are ar by i m k peaking than by accurate and logical speaking.
It is I~Wabt lt has become fixed on the Major by sheer force of long
indlgene to thio* Just as he is PAID TO THINK and to write just as he
is PAID TO WRIT8 without regard to how absurd his writings, Influenced
by h.s teoi, will appear.
9ie ha4 been doing some remarkable epistolatory stunts agalnat the drali-
age propoltlion. We took up one statement that he made, about the Ever-
slades being a desert, boanse we thought, and we still think, that that ridic-
ulous statement would be enough to discredit anything his money lnspiresl
pen would pit forth to future.
But, the Major keeps on writing and keeps on talking, so we'll take an-
other little chance at him.
It will be remembered that the Major was retained by the heirs of Mrs.
Dodge, who died in Jacksonville a year or two ago, leaving a large estate
by will to the Reverend Mr. MacDonald, to break the will. -
Encouraged by the unlocked for success for his remarkable proposition
of the nuncupative will of the late Jack Powell, the Major dug him up some
points In this case, finer than the hollow in a gnat's tooth, and stringing them
together occupied the time of the courts for many months.
This time the Supreme Court was freed from technicality and could decide
on the merits of the case, so it promptly mashed the Major.
-Following his custom, the Major then commenced to try his case all ov(:r
again In that 4ear Metropolis, which deals so extensively in that kind of
pabulum called "flap doodle," which, as every one knows, is the stuff that
fools are fed on.
The Major donned one of his Immaculate white suits, tied his neckpiece In
that Byronto bow which he so delights in affecting, got some new broad silk
laces for his pumps, hied himself to the Metropolis office with a typewritten
copy of a previously prepared Interview which he COULD NOT ZB0APE
from giving.
In that Interview he put forth this remarkable proposition, which at once
lifts him to a higher plane than that of the Grecian Alexander, because this
Florida Alexander can always find a new world to conquer.
Says the Major:
"If a person once declares that she will make a will and leave her estate
one way, she Is forever shut off from changing her mind and leaving it an-
other."
Appyling this doctrine to this particular case the Major said that the will
of Mrs. Dodge leaving her property to the preacher was void, and of no
effect because Mrs. Dodge had previously announced her intention of leav-
ing her estate to charity. As she did not leave It to charity, the will leaving
It to the preacher, which was the last will, was void, and the will being
void the state should go to the legal heirs.
Quod erat absurdum.
0
IF YOU WILL HAVE IT, MR. COLLINS, HERE IT IS.
It seems that John Collins Is not content with lying about the State ad-
ministration, but has commenced to lie about this journal.
Mr. Collins had better quit this or we will commence to TELL THE
TRUTH ABOUT HIM, which will hurt him, which is more than any lies he
might tell about us, Is able to do to us.
In last week's paper he said that a certain exalted official said, that he had
subscribed to a large number of copies of this paper to be sent out to people
In different seottons of this State. Mr. Collins further say that the fact
that such a statement was made can be fully substantiated if anybody wants
to deny It.
We deny It.
As no official, exalted or otherwise, nor any person whomsoever, has ever
been allowed to subscribe for a number of copies of this paper greater than
one, the statement tos untrue. And we do not believe that any official, ex-
alted or otherwise, would resort to the methods pursued by Mr. Collins,
and lie about us.
While we are on this subjt we may as well tell Mr. Colls that one of
these days we might make up t mind to print the name of the individual
who is accused of sending ,0W0 to Mr. Oolns to pay for subscriptions to
his paper. .
And if Mr. Collins annoy ua sufficently we might send the details of this
transaction to the Third Asletnt Postmaster General at Washington.
Upon second thought, however, we will reassure Mr. Collins.
Well NOT TELL ON HIM, for If his publication should be put out of
business, some one with brains and reponmeblity, physical, moral and finan-
c.al, to which he will add a conscience equally atrophied as that enjoyed
by Mr. Collins. might be Induced to start another shame sheet in Tallahassee
ana really annoy us some, by publishing lies that wouM really hurt.
And this new Individual might get his inspiration from some where else
than from a Jamaica Ginger bottle.
As we desire to lose no opportunity to relieve Mr. Collins' dense ignorance
a all matters, we will tell him that we sold to the Bartow Courier-eInfo.
mant, as well as to 85 other newspaper In this State, a certain number of
subecriptio to THB BUN, for which we neelved pay from each paper in
advertitIg as,. which we are now Usag to eploit our proposition. And
the uee wtwe did not make this arrangement with the True Democrt


,wo


THE SUN


PROCLAMATION BY

THE GOVERNOR
Continued From Page One.
agreement constitutes a contract between the State and'the United
Rotates, and that any legislation, seeking to divert the Fund from
hq. purposes of the contract is null and void. The State of Florida
accepted the grant, created Trustees, defined their duties, the prin-
eIpaJ duty being the drainage and reclamation of the land; and
th Supreme Court of the State of Florida, in the case of Truste,.s
vs& 3leason, 16th Florida, declared that it was the duty of thel
Trustees to drain and reclaim the land. Every Governor of Florid.i
since 1880, has endeavored in one way or another to carry out tlih
above contract. An area of about .4,500,000 acres of land in the
Drainage District has passed into the ownership of corporations
and private individuals. A very small portion to the private indi-
viduals, probably not 140. The Trustees holding less than three
million acres in the District, have proceeded to drain and reclaim
the land with the money in the fund that under the law cannot be
used for any other purpose, until the work of reclamation is cornt-
plete. The legislature seeing that the 4j million acres, owned by
corporations and individuals would be benefitted by the work un-
dertaken by the Trustees, enacted a law creating a TBoard of Drain-
age Commissioners, and authorizing said commission to lay out
a Drainage District and to levy an acreage tax not to exceed ten
cents per acre in any year, the Trustees agreeing to put up sg
much money per acre for the lands in the Fund, as would be as.
sessed against the lands owned by the corporations and individuals.
The Trustees and Drainage Commissioners concluded that t,,
three hundred and seventy-five thousand dollars. They therefore
three hundred and seventy-five thousand dollars, they therefore
levied a tax, not of ten cents an acre, but of five cents an acre
upon all of the taxable lands, and concluded to put up five cents :ni
acre on all of the lands in the Fund that were in the same District,
which would make up the sum. It was thought that six dredges
should be built, and that that sum would build them and operate
them for more than a year; and after that, an assessment of 1}
cents per acre would probably be suffleient to operate the dredges,
and that the whole work of canaling and placing the land in the
reach of the Agriculturist would be finally completed. It is but
fair that if A. and B. own land in the same drainage district, A.
owning three million acres and B. owning four and one-half million
acres, that each should pay the same per acre. Messrs. Welch &
Winner and their associates thought so once, the legislature thought
so when it enacted the law, and the Trustees still think so, and
I deem it my duty as Governor to say to you that there is o225,000,
of n Drainage Tax due, 19-20 of it from nine corporations, who
paid little or nothing for the land, most of it being granted by thle
State, and about 1-40 has been partly" paid by the agriculturists and
other individuals in the Drainage District. The Trustees on the
part of the people of Florida have been putting up all of the
money so far. They have built one dredge and have her digging
a canal, and have nearly completed another. Shall the corporations
in the Drainage District reimburse the Trustees for their portion
of the cost, or shall they have their land reclaimed free as well
as given to them as has been done in most instances I ask every
citizen to contribute at least a two cent stamp, or other small con-
tributions to defray the expense of preparing the data that I
think every voter should have, to enable him to make up his mind
how to vote on the Constitutional Amendment, which is proposed.
I think that it will cost about twenty-five hundred dollars, made
up as follows, 100,000 one-cent stamps, #1,000; preparing and
printing data, about $1,000; purchasing and addressing envelopes.
about $500. To every one who contributes more than 50 cents, I
promise to return to him his proportion of whatever sum in excess
of that amount is contributed. I have sent out about 85,000 doc
uments already, and it has cost me between e700 and (1,000.
N. B. BROWARD, Governor.

was because at the time we were putting it on Mr. Collins had not received
thew $,000 ,sent him for circulation, and had none to offer us.
We didn t even consider it worth while to make the offer to him when we
reached Tallahaussee on our itinerary last fall.
0
that l th lk tes of the rights of organized labor have done something
toh Tho ho lke t ght result In getting for labor the rights that belong
to it. They have decided to go to the ballot box with their demands. We have
long been of the opinion, which opinion we have expressed before this, that
the ballot box is the only place from wtich labor can get its rights. If or-
ganized-abo iwil lmean together at the polls it will get whatever it asks
this country, members constitute a majority of the votln population of
thisS co:untr.


1. IIX


At a meeting of the directors of the Capital City Bank, held August 1st,
Dr. Charts M. Ausley was elected a member of the Board of Directors.
And at thesame meeting, $10,000 was ordered passed from the udivideI
apmt amount to the surplus account, making the beak surplus now stand
at $260"0.







''I 4


* N ~, .1 *-~


Aufusent's 1906


THE- SUN


a mwww~ d p -


TttpthPape


The EndIneer
ent Mad
Continued from Paep Fie.
"'Ah, if yo kelw how I loved her,
continued the -Ans o 'It was
an a tf toggy. You
oo and before your
eyes. Ah, I loyed her, loved her more
than the and t te Mother Mary,
and I killed her. Then, as now, I was
running the Milan4 m express. We
were me d bound. Owin to a
bridge, 4b400% t ,my train was three
hours late and I let her go at a tre-
mendous pace to make up. I could
hardly expect the moment when I
was to embrace my wife, my child.
Remember what I say, Gaetano, it
wAs foggy, very foggy, but we got to
the station atlast; a few seconds
more and I would hold in my arms
Lena and the baby.'
I had cut off steam and was about
to apply the air brake, when I heard
a terrible cry. I Jammed down the
air brake. Parthenope stood stock
still. But it was too late. Wife and
child were dead. In the confounded
fog I had killed them; killed them
with one stroke.
"But Vengeance Is rife tonight The
hour has come when I will be united
with Lena ans the baby. Gaetano,
you and I and the rest, all those on
the pamenger train ahead will hear
the angels sg, toIn les than 30 win-
uteqi I can manage it.'
Ahd before I could hinder him,
Glacomo jumped on the tender. I
heard him remote the coupling pin
and a moment later the engine was
flying ahead at a tremendous in-
crease of speed.
"When Olsocomo entered the cab
I threw myself upon him with all the
force at my ooliand,t determined to
fight him to the death, but the mad-
man was stronger than I. After a
tussle lasting three or four minutes I
found myself helpless on my back on
the coal heap with Giacomo, swinging
the giant poker, standing over me,
threatening and foaming at the
mouth, a horrible spectre of ven-
geance and death. Instinctively I
raised both mv s to protect my face
and head and I remember that once
or twice I called out in terror, and
that my shouts were answered by
persons along the road-brakeman or
track walkers, I presume, who saw
us fight.
"Placing one foot on my stomach
the engineer filled the furnace with
coal to the top, at the same time
opening all draughts. After a few
more minutes Parthenope sped along
at the rate of a cannon ball, and the
faster it ran to death and ruin, the
louder and shriller the madman's
triumphant laugh, and his wild
shouts: "Quicker, Parthenope, quick-
er, my girl! At them and over them'
"Meanwhile I was watching my op-
portunity. tlfg when Giacomo,
buy with the 'I, turned his back to
me, I attacked him In the rear and,


encircling his body with arms of steel,
pushed him towards the open Wurnaor.
"'Gaetano,' he cried in a voice no
longer human, 'Gaetano, stop, or I
will kill you.'
"Fear gave me a tiger's strength; I
doubled my efforts, but was no matuh
for the madman. After a few min-
utes struggle, he somehow freed his
right hand, ana grabbing a wrench
lying on the floor of the cab dealt me
a terrible blow over the right eye,
"I was knocked half senseless, but
in my semi-conscious state heard the
madman shout over and over agpli:
'This is the night of vengeance, of
holy vengeance. I am flying to thee,
Lena, I am coming! Ah, how alow
Parthenope Is tonight. She was fast
er when she murdered my wife and
child. I must crowd on more steam.
"And Giacomo continued shoveling
on coal and raking the fire. Ha'f
dead as I was, I perceived that unless
the boiler exploded in very short or-
der, Parthenope would presently plow
her way into the passenger train,
dealing death blows to hundreds of
innocent men, women and children.
"I raised my head a bit. Giaonto
was standing at the throttle. Now he
leaned far out of the cab door look.
ing for the passenger train he Intend-
ed to wreck. I suppose he must have
(Continued on Page 11.)


Suslneas Continues to ineoreae.
The statementsof the various bank
In the dty indicate that t"hey are map*
dly growing. as ub eedn ye
shows a pereptible ra that is
not only gratifying to the bankem but
to the oldtiess tI generaL It Indl
cates a healthy growth and is cost,
vincing evidence that Tampa is k
great commercial center.
The business of the other Une-ha
own a like proportion and Ta
as every reason to fedl grated. T&T
wholesale business of dthetY d h1
been good and the future pmo s In-
creased buness The custom hose
recpts continue to grow.
This remarkable growth is ppre-
elated more, perhaps, by those who
have been in the qty or the t sev-
eral years and have watched the in-
crease, but the entire country Is be.
ginnig tto romi that Tam~awplL
soon bo saJ'w dty t p .ssess
dvantaes ll tnd tob her con-
tinued evelopmetuntil It Is the
greae city on the Gu m tosst--
tammk.Hrad


A fne 15 J"pl tmn or WalthAm
moveant fitted In a handsome
a 7or, old fUled, op ftee, 18
SUM at 910. Seveatea jowll
Awut at $15. I deliver these
waty where 0,. I). th
privile of xAminsaoA. A
P. Q. oxn38, jttO v ll M


Brick! Bricks Brick!
. 0. Despot


Gildmore vs Co.,


byeaht ount 1Wor adertiMGh pur
This paper bheartily endomes the mom, 4prov eaA Seatn
idea of some of our State p fers for this o ,WW for the boee rentIOned
the establishment of aa would expend a equa a (or
Bureau by the next ure. At more) of amthe uit ree4 from the
least $50,000 should b'o State forth same pure e.-'ropl
for the use of this bureau for te a ree.


Story of Saint Marks
(0cntlnted From Third Page.)
Shortly, wr t=hIs the war closed, the slaves
were freed sad mith was left without the money
necessary to continue his search. Living In the
belief that the money was there and in the hope
that he eauld yet fad it Smith also died.
Some years after the advent of Bell, a second
sailor, one Ballou, appeared at St. Marks.
He also was an old man ana of very secretive
hbalts; he fitted out a beat, bought picks, oaxe,
spades and supplies and disappeared. At inter-
vals he would return for supplies. When his
funds were exhausted, he taught school during
the winter, hoarding his earnings like a miser,
and spending them for supplies for his trips In
the summer. Finally exhausted by his labors and
the hardships he had endured Ballou became Ill
and died at the military hospital at St. Marks.
From his papers It was learned that he was a
survivor of the crew of the Spanish gun-boat, that
sailed from New Orleans with the five millions for
Spain. A chart, a facsimile of the one Bell had,
was found among his papers.
Since that day many have sought In vain for
the millions hidden nl the marshes of St. Marks.
That it lis there, few who have heard the story
from those who lied there in those days, can


doubt. Various expeditioNs have bea Neoretl
fitted out to search for It, eno In repeat yeats.
One party competed of George Ldd- PAM 4
Daniel Ladd-a character known as "Swam A
gel Bill" Denbam, Casulo, Bryant and
fitted out a boat and went lan of
They carried a big jug of whiske adal
drunk. Kennedy who was digging struck o1e
hard substance and cried out "B'ei, Tv ad
Itt" Then he announced that beca he had
found it the largest hare should belong to him.
Inflamed with drink the entire party began a
heated discussion and next fell to fihtlag. The
digging was abandoned and the party re d to
St. Marks for repairs. When they mot sober they
attempted to return to the mae pl oe bat .were
never able to find It.
The late CoL Slusser and Mr. Ueorge Lamb, Mr.
Register and Mr. Hall, at different tiamn sought
to locate the gold. The greatest dIcelty they
encountered was In the quickstand. It was neSs.
sary to wall up the excavation with lumber a4
keep pumps going to keep out the water while
they worked.
Sooner or later all have
so to this day It lies th mwa
board, to mok the dreams of awho to
the story of the rmb l
tw Miles of tie walls of


Ou Drainage Primer
(o~atlaued from Page Six).
P -s. roughly, but tolerably ascuately
Ig I may that of the seven mYon e
of s'ad uI an drainage district tho pe'pl, tl00
. te actual settlers, own sea s $ha
wa Miae great corperatise. a aa
itiduals ow three o and third io a
The balance Owned by the State ad t
Unite States ,
Ala.-4o tha after all, pa, those ay
vTrylttle of theta. It is tko e*5
the State who will be calle on to p the blk of
Pa.-I congratulate you, A gero o have
gured it eaetly it ,
Algy-Do yeo tk, pa,t to
drainage to growing? Do yos tW a
potot?_ -tte ~ o
Pw the real peope, the ean peo em
POLVM to^a it? ., -> ;?*-


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THE JUNGLE.
(Continued from Page 11.)
had come at last to the ground ,eor
of this enormous building.
a *-rMes Roo*-*ler Deep With
Thn the party went aro the
street to 0e hey did the killing
of beef-whee every hour they turn-
ad four or Ave hundred cattle into
mtesat Ulke the place they had left,
all this wotk was done on one floor;
and iatead of there being one line
of careaMes whieh moved to the work-
ten there were fteen or twenty
Ittes, and the men moved from one
to another of these. This made a scene
of lantee activity, a picture of human
power wtdefl to watch. It was
all in one great room, like a circus
amphitheatre, with a gallery for visi-
tors running over the centre.
CHAPTER III-(Continued.)
AloMn one side of the room ran a
narrow gallery, a few feet from the
floor; into whlch gallery, the cattle
were driven with .oads which gave
them electric shocks. Once crowded In
here, the creatures were prlsoned,
each In a separate pen, by gates that
shut, leaving them h0o room to turn
around; and while they stood bellow.
ing ad plunging, over toe top of the
pen there leaned one of the "knock.
ers," armed with a sledge-hammer,
and. watching for a chance to deal a
blow. The room echoed with the
thuds In quick succession, and the
stamping and kick ng of the steers.
The Instant the anima. had fallen, the
"knockers" pasAed on to another;
while a seod man raised a lever, and
the side of the pen was raised and
the animal, still kicking and strug-
gllng, slid out to the "killing-bed.
Here a man put shackles about one
leg, and pressed another lever, and
the body was Jerked up into the air.
There were fifteen or twenty such
pens, and it was a matter of only a
couple of minutes to knock fifteen or
twenty cattle and roll taem out. Then
once more the gates were opened, and
another lot rushed in; and so but of
each pea there rolled a steady stream
of carcasses, which the men upon the
killing-beds had to get out of the way.,
The manner in which they did this
was something to be seen and never
forgotten. They. worked with furious
Intensity, literally upon the run-at
a pace with which there Is nothing to
be compared, Acept a football game.
It was all highly speciallMd labor,
each map hating his task to do; gen-
erally tls would consist of only two
or threat specific uts, and he would
paus down the line of fiftben or twen-
ty carcalees, making these cuts upon
each. lMst there came the "butcher,"
to bleed them; this meant one swift
stroke. so swift that yeou could not
see it--only the fSash of the knife;
and before you ooulu realise it, the
man had darted on to the next line,
and a stream of bright red was
pouring out upon tie floor. This floor
was half an inch deep with blood, in
spite of the beat efforts of men who
kept shoveling It through holes; it
must have made the floor slippery,
but no one could have guessed this
by watching the men at work.
The carcase hung for a few minutes
to bleed; there was no time lost, how-
ever, for there were severaln hanging
In each line, and one was always
ready. It was let down to the roud,
and there came the "hseadsma.'"
whoee task it was to sever the head,
with two or three swift strokes. Then
ame the "flooramnM." to make the
first out in the skin; and then another
to finish ripping the skin down the
centre: and then half a doehn more
in swift succession, to finish the skin-.
ning. After they were through, the
carcasme was again swung up; and
while a man with a stick examined
the skin, to make sure that it had not
beens cut, and another rolled it up and
tumbled it through one of the inevits
ble holes lan the floor, the beef Dre-


oeeded on Itd journey. There were
men to net it, and men to split it, and
men to gut It and scrape It clean In.
side. There were some with heee


which threw jets o0 boiling water
upon It, aAd others who removed the
feet and added the Ial touches In
the et. as with the hop, the finBshed
beef was run Into the chilling-room,
to hanu its appointed time.
The visitors were taken there and
shown them all neatly hung in row.
labelled eounplcuouly withe t
of the Government Iapectors-end
some, which had been killed by a
special process, marked with the sign
of the "kosher" rabbi, certifying that
it was fit for,sale to the orthodox.
And then the visitors were taken to
the other parts of the building, to
see what became o, each particle of
the water material that had vanished
through the floor; and to the picking
rooms, and the salting rooms, the
canning,, rooms, and the packing
rooms, where choice meat was proe
pared for shipping In refrigerator
cars, destined to be eaten in all the
(our corners of clvilisation. Afterward
they went outside, wandering about
among the uases of buildings In
which was done the work auxiliary
to this great industry. There was
earoely a thing needed in the busil-
neas that Durham & Co. did not make
for themselves. There was a great
steam power plant and an electricity
plant. There was a barrel factory, and
then a boiler repair shop. There was
a building to which the grease was
piped, and made into soap and lard;
and then there was a factory for mak-
ing lard cans, and another for mak-
ing soap boxes. There was a building
1t which the bristles were cleaned and
drld, for the making of hair cushions
and such things; there was a building
where the skins were dried and
tanned, there was another where
neads and feet were made into glue,
and another where bones were made
into fertilizer. No tiniest particle of
organic matter was wasted in Dur-
ham's. Out of the horns of the cattle
they made combs, buttons, hairpins,
and imitation ivory; out of the shin
I bones and other big bones they cut
knife and toothbrush handles, and
mouthpieces for pipes; out of the
hoof they cut hairpins and buttons,
before they made the rest into glue.
, From such things as feet, knuckles,
hide clippings, and sinews came such
strange and unlikely products as


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August 4, 1066


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oil. They had curled hair works for
the ai ag twW pulery*I
for the e'o ski they mde pep-
sin from. the stmahs f tegs, agd
albuviep rom th violin
strings from the AilIPelltog entrails.
When there wa nothn else to be,
done with a thing, thev i'st p!qt it
into a tank and got out of it all the
tallow. ad grease and then they
made it into fortiliser. And these
industries wr gathered- into build-
ings near by,, conected by gallerlep
and railroadiW. t. e main esta)lsbls
ment; ant*It w estimatedd that they
had handII Really a quarter of a
billion of animals since the founding
of the plant by the elder Durham a
generation and. more ago. If you
counted with' It the other big plants-,
and they were now really all one-It
was, so Jokubad informed them, the
greatest aggregation of labor and cap.
ital ever gathered in one place. It
employed t*irty thousand men; it sup-
ported directly two hundred and fifty
thousand people in its neighborhood,
and indirectly it supported half a mil-
lion. It sent its products to -every
country in. the civilized world, and it
furnished he food for no less than
thirty million people!
would listen open-mouthed-it seemed
to them impossible of belief that any-
thing so stupendous could have been
devised by mortal man. That was why
to Jurgts it seemed almost profanity
to speak about tae place as did Joku.
bas, sceptically; it was a thing as
tremendous as the lniverse-the laws
and ways of its working no more than
the universe to' be questioned or un-
derstood. All that a mere man could
do, it seemed to Jurgis, was to take
a thing like this as he found it, and
do as he was told; to be given a place
in it and a share An its wonderful ac-
tivities was a bleeding to be grateful
for, as one was grateful. for the sun-
shine and the rain. Jurgis was even
glad that he had not seen the place
before meeting with his triumph, for
he felt that the sise of it would have
overwhelmed him. But now he had
been admitted-he was a part of it
all. He had the feeling that this
whole huge establishment had taken
him under its protection, and had be-
come responsible for his welfare. So
guileless was he, and Ignorant of the
nature of business, that he did not
even realize that he had become an
employee of Brown's, and that Brown
and Durham were supposed by all the.
world to be deadly rivals-were even
required to be deadly rivals by the
law of the land, and ordered to try
to ruin each other under penalty of
fine and imprisonment
CHAPTER IV.
Promptly at seven the next morn-
ing Jurgis reported for work. He came
to the door that had been pointed out
t, him, and there he waited for nearly
two hours. The boss had meant for
him to enter,. but had not said this,
and so it was on.y when on his way
out to hire another man that he came
upon Jurgis. He gave him a good
cursing; but as Jurgis did not under-
stand a word of it he did not object.
Iie followed the boss, who showed him
where to Put his clothes, and waited
while he donned.the working clothes
e had bought in a second-hand shop
and brought with him in a bundle;
then he led him to the "killing beds."
The work which Jurgis was to do here
as very simple, and It took him but
a few minutes to learn It He was
iovided with a stiff besom, such as is
.e.d by street sweepers, and It was
h Place to follow down the line the
,n who .drew out the smoking en-
imls from the carcass of the steer;
aLi mass was to be swept into a
rap, which was then closed, so that
o one might slip into it As Jurgis
nie in, the first cattle of the morn-
a4 were Just making their appear-
ce; and so,. with scarcely time to
k about him, and none to speak
any one, he foh to work. It was a
elteriag 4ay u a j the plaeo


THIS MONGLE'e"


ed with curses; but Marija was not
afraid of man or devil, and asked
every one she saw-visitors and
strangers, or work people like herself,
and once or twice even high and lofty
office personages, who stared at her
as if they thought she was crazy. In
the end, however, she had reaped her
reward. In one of the smaller plants
she had stumbled upon a room where
-scores of women -and girls were sitd
ting at long tables preparing smoked
beef in cans; and wandering through
room after room, Marija came at last
to the place where the sealed cans
were being painted and labelled, and
here she had the good fortune to en-
counter the foreladyy." Marija did not
understand then, as she was destined
to understand later, what there was
attractive to a foreladyy" about the
combination of a face full of bound- 3'
less good nature and the muscles of a 1
dray horse; but the woman had 'told I
her to come the next day and she
would perhaps give her a chance to '
learn the trade of painting cans. Thb .
painting of cans being skilled piece
work, and paying as much as two dol-
lars a day, Marija burst in upon the -
family with the yell of a Comanche
Indian, and fell to capering about the
room so as to frighten the baby almost
into convulsions.
Better luck than all this could
hardly have been hoped for; there was
only one of them left to seek a place.
Jurgis was determined that Teta
Elzbleta should stay at home to keep
house, and that Ona should help her.
He would not have Ona working-he
was not that sort of a man, he said,
and she was not that sort of a woman.
It would be a strange thing it a man
like him could not support the family,
with the help of the board of Jonas
and Marlja He would not even hear
of letting the children go to work-
there were schools here in America
for children, Jurgis had heard, to
which they could go for nothing. That
the priest would object to these 1
schools was something of which he
had as yet no idea, and for the pres-
ent his mind was made up that the
children of Teta Blsbieta should have
as fair a chance as any other children.
The oldest of them, little Stanislovas,
was but thirteen, and small for his
age at that; and while the oldest son
of Szedvllas was only twelve, and had
worked for over a year at Jones's,
Jurgis would have it that Stanislovas
should learn to speak English and
grow up to be skilled man.
To be Continued next week.

His Lady Love.
Towne-You know they say, "Mut-
sic is the food of love," and-
Browns-Nonsense! My love pre-
fers lobster salad, Ioe cream sad the
Ulke of that.


6LORIDA FEMALE GcLEGC,
Tallahaee

Ideal location. PO f 4i l AI1 .
Standard ourrMagm. o ,t o Mw a ad/,
Well select ulty. mental, 8Inelwr pipe
Spalos ns. new
TwstN .ulu k"OeneS4,
Aidlrabie d ooeaspirlt B o of 60nesirt.,
Steam heato, eletrc lightA
Young ladles contep te e gtrl e College this Fall ahou w
once for dormitory ro. bto7 W ededan, Septeamer aad
atlnues eight months.
For catalogue and detailed information write to -


ran. with steqag .hot. blood--one
waded in It on the floor. The steach F
was almost overpowering, but to
Jurgls It waf nothing. His whole soul ,
was dancing with joy-he was at
work at. last! He yp at work and IT
earnings money! All day long he was
figuring to himself. He was paid the
fabulous sum of seventeen and a halt ,
cents *a hour; and as it !roved a
rush day he worked until nearly seven
o'clock in the evening, he yent home
to the family with the tidings that he
had earned more than a dollar and a
half in a single day!
At home also there was more good
news; so much of it at once that there
was ,quite a celebration in Anile's at
hall bedroom. Jonas had been to have con
an Interview with the special police,
man to whom Szedvlans had introduc-
ed him, and had been taken to see =
several of the bosses, with the result
that one had promised him a Job the
beginning of the next week. And
then there was Marija Bercsyskask,
who, fired with jealousy by the suo.
IeOs of Jurgis, had set out upon her
own responsibility to get a place.
Marija had nothing to take with her
save her two brawny arms and the |
word "Job," laboriously learned; but
with these she had marched about
Packingtown all day, entering every
door where there were signs of ac-
tivity. Out of some she had been order-


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