Owing to delay incident to replacing old machinery with new this
issue will be on time.
issue is late.
A Journal of Cartoon and Comment
Volume 1-No. 33
TALLAHASS6CC, PLORIDA, JUNC 30, 1906
Single Copy 5 Gents
BILL GOES AWOOING AGAIN.
IF IT'S RIGHT, WE ARE FOR IT
AN ILLUSTRATED WEEKLY WITH A WILL OF ITS OWN, PRINTED FOR THE PEOPLE OF FLORIDA, BY
ID...L & I L *Ak
Y~~UU *in~~fiI AF IRfJ6l5M6FR U-wuuw. "1 -. ow U-IV
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THE SUN CO.,TALLAHA88EE, FLA.
- -- aa AS...AIM&M M& P...MSO*Of --
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IN THE SUN'S CHARIOT
Intimate Talks Betweep Publisher and Reader
We have just about two announcements to make this week,
and In casting them over in our minds, it is so difficult to de-
termine which of the two is the MOST IMPORTANT, that we
would like to devise a new scheme of setting down things, so that
both of them could be e t down without seeming to give either an
undue prominence ovpr the other on account of the order of the
Here are the two--
Neither one bigger than the other, and BOTH BIG ENOUGH
to'cause CHARIOT RIDERS to sit up and take notice.
First-We have arranged with the owners of the serial rights
to publish as a serial Upton Sinclair's "The Jungle."
As a waker-up of the public mind this story takes rank with
"Little Dorrit," which aroused the English people to the horrors
of the debt prison and made a vast change for the better in that
When Upton Sinclair wrote "The Jungle" the reviewers,
while not withholding their praise for its force, fairness, origi-
nality and absorbing interest, felt, and hesitated not to say so,
that the picture was overdrawn; that no such conditions as were
depicted by Mr. Sinclair were possible, but the book nevertheless
called the attention of the public to the Packingtown district and
also attracted the attention of HE-WHO-MUST-BE-OBEYED,
and the ever-ready-to-mix-in-a-fray Teddy sent investigators to
The result of the investigations are so well known that the
interest in Mr. Sinclair's book has been largely increased and we
think we rightly judge the absorbing character of this interest
when we say that EVERY CHARIOT RIDER would now like Io
read the book. Next week we sliall offer them this opportunity by
beginning the publication of "The Jungle" as a serial.
Second-The Bryan wave seems destined to sweep the Demo-
cratic mind and whelm the Democratic hosts, so that the nominad
tion of Mr. Bryan as the Democratic candidate for President is,
at this early date, regarded as a foregone conclusion. On ac-
account of this march of Bryan through the Democratic hosts we
take it that the interest in Mr. Bryan's writings has been revived,
renewed, rejuvenated and invigorated.
We are afraid that we have mentioned this before, but we will
none the les mention it again, that we are on the alert for every-
thing that is interesting to the public, and are determined to LET
NO OPPORTUNITY ESCAPE to present to CHARIOT RIDERS
EVERYTHING GOOD that we can obtain for them.
We have made an arrangement by which we are able to offer
a subscription to The Commoner to CHARIOT RIDERS. We
have added to our attractive clubbing proposition, printed on
another page of this issue, Mr. Bryan's Commoner. By taking
advantage of this, new subscribers may get an assortment of read-
ing, including The Commoner, which certainly will appeal to all
demands for mental exhileration. To old subscribers we offer the
opportunity to get the Commoner and the other publications in
our clubbing offer by sending us a renewal for a year following
the date of their expiration.
We know that we said in one of these SUN talks some time
ago that we would commence a drainage primer and we wish to
notify all who have been watching for this that we have not for-
gotten it. Matter that we deemed important has crowded this
out and as the primer can wait and the OTHER MATTER CAN-
NOT we have not yet presented the primer. We think, how-
ever, we will, start it next week. If not, soon enough so as not to
dull the edge of the anticipatory pleasure by a too long putting
off the pleasure of realization.
All of this remwilnds,us that perhaps your neighbor is NOT A
-Ji-re be it from uas to remind yopu of your duty to your neigh.
*6or. We take it that you are fully advised as to your duty and
Fully determined to perform it. If your neighbor is not a rider it
is 70YU DUTY TO SEE THAT HE (ETt ONf TIff: CffARIOT..
You might tell him to send us, say- .. .
2.00 for a year or $1.00 for six months or even 50 cents for
three months, according to the manner in which his inclination
might coincjde with his ideas of spending his money.
A Great I
Read every word in this a
rears. Seven of the greatest ms
offered together at a greatly rd
given to the public and it isM
rear several magazines have nc
low much greater this offer tea
be people of this State is bedai
TNlI T toi$ Yewrand we
Woman's Home C
The Review of Re'
Pearson's, one year,
The American Mal
Tom Watson's Ma
THE SUN, one yea
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THE COSMOPOLITAN w
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increased 100,000 over what they wer
mouse Hearst publishing organization:
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tures by Frederic Remington and tco
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THE REVIEW OF REVIEW
take the shortest cutr-which is The I
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fashions, articles, tlustrations.
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TitAIUM AH1PA UOIDA. JUNE 33. 1906
al- Price Offer
announcement, for it in the opportunity of
gaines in the country have combined to be
luced rate. Never before was such an offer
fe to say never will it be made again. This
reaaed their gubecription price, which shows
ly is. The only reason we are making it to
in we have increased the subscotion price of
want all Florida to read MK SUm.
year W $1.00
ompanion, one year, 1.00
views, one year, 3.00
gadine, one year, 1.00
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et Them All for One Year
ich was recently purchased by Mr. W. i Hearst. has
an greatly improved by the new managment and oi
rated monthly in the world. Already itssales have
re four months ago,when it became a part of the fa-
n. The publishers are sparin no effort to secure for it
of pictures, store and articles. As an example, pic-
ries by W. W. Jacobs are now running in the Cosmo-
lf 8ubtantial American men and women are olnin
Sto keep up withthe time and they are going t
Review of Revews--a monthly survey of the word 's
PANION i .not exll by a, oe hore an
family pubion in the world. Stories.,
ing fiction magazine of the day both It serial and
Sby authors o worldwide reputation. Pearson's is
INEFor thirty years known a Lle's Magazine.
It was ify pu-chaed by a powerful syndi-
ike it one of the best magaune in Ameries.
ZIN[ No monthly maauine in Amertia ever before
LINE met with suoh a hearty welcome as did Tom
d deservdl so, for Mr. Watson i at once the foremost
e public today. It filled with the best thoughts of
rest to the American people.
rith a will of it own, and is by far the best paper in
mending all right and eensuring all wrong.
paper for a year, you cannot do betterthan than to a
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June 36, 1066
An Interview With J. P. Williams, President of the G. F. & .A,
Who Outlines Plans' for Extensive Developments of Lanark
Going from Tallahassee to Lanark
is not EXACTLY like traveling o0
the Pennsylvania to Atlantic City i'r
the New York Central to Poland
Springs, but one does reach one's
destination just as surely, if some-
what more slowly. The writer +*a-
lected the afternoon train by which
to make the trip, so reached the jour-
ney's end in ample time for a swim
in old ocean, (represented by St.
George's Sound).before supper.
It was still early when a little stir
of excitement became noticeable In
the hotel office, whic.. of course elici-
ted some inquiry as to its cause. A
very slight break in the monotony of
such resorts is sufficient to cause
wild excitement, so the writer joined
the group of anxious enquirers with,.
out much curiosity. The cause of
the mild commotion was soon appar-
ent. A "special" had just arrJved.,
Having ascertained this much oft
course we all were curious to learn
the identity of the "great man" who
occupied that special and were told,
in a whisper, that it was none other
than Mr. J. P. Williams, President
of the Ga., Fla. & Ala. R. R., of the
Hotel Company, etc., etc., a very
"great man" Indeed, who in a short
time had made his way to a comfort-
able rotkilg chair on the broid
veranda of the hotel, where the wr!t-
er found hin. and beguiled him Into
a disclosure of plans for the future of
Lanark and of Carrabelle.
"Will you tell me something about
Lanark that might be of interest to
the public, Mr. Williams?" was the
first question, after I had presented
my card and had been pleasantly
"Well, Lanark is a Scotch name,"
began the gentleman, but I rather
uggraciously interrupted him.
"I know about that," I said, "and
the history of Lanark, and all that,
past and present, but tell me some-
thing about its future."
"The future't Well, in the imme-
diate future there is to be a sale of
lots at reasonable prices, so that peo-
ple may own their own summer
homes on the gulf. Tne company
owns seven miles of land along the
bay and we think we can afford to
sell a few acres to form the nucleus
of a summer colony. There is no
reason why people from within a ra-
dius of 150 miles should not come
here to spend a part of every sum-
mer. They would have the salt wa-
ter bathing as well as the spring wa-
ter and that mineral spring is one of
the finest to be found anywhere."
"A mineral spring? I hadn't
heard of it. What virtue is it sup-
posed to possess?"
"Of course a mineral spring,' was
the reply. "As to its virtues, I will
read you what the chemist who ana-
lyzed it says of it," ana he drew from
his pocket a booklet and read:
"The Lanark spring water contains
only 8.90 grains of mineral water Lo
the gallon. Ih this respect it resem-
bles the Poland Water, so exten-
sively sold on account of the small
percentage contained of mineral mat-
ter. But it is a much superior wa-
ter to the Poland, because it contains
a large amount of free carbonic acid,
whichgives it life and exhillaraut
properties. It is to be re-
commended for alt &orms of dyspep-
sia, general debility, loss of appetite
and persistent constipation.' Now
why shouldn't people take advantage
of what Nature offers them here?
They could have their own little
homes and if they prefer not to be
bothered with housekeeping they
could nave mea.J at the hotel."
"Is the hotel here kept open all
"The present lease expires October
1st and the botei will then pass into
the hands of the Company. We pur-
pose to add about twenty-five rooms
to it and nave it run in connection
with the hotel at Carrabelle."
"Oh, so you contemplate building
"There is the most beautiful spot
for a hotel on the bluff at Carrabelle
that I ever saw. There couldn't be
a lovelier spot anywhere and w4 pur-
pose to erect a hotel there which, in
connection with the hotel at Lanark,
will accommpdato about seven hun-
dred people. These houses will be
under the same management. Of
course there will be telephone con.
section and also a line of boats from
Lanark to Carrabelle, sail boats,
naptha launcnes, and so on. But
have you noticed the peculiarity of
the growth about here? Nearly
every tree that grows in the State
can be foudd right hee, and it seems
to be indigenous to the soil, too. I
don't supp se there has ever been a
tree planted here and yet they are
all growing here, In close proximity
to each otaer and to the hotel. And
the growth of trees is right down to
the water. That makes it easy 'o
find good camping grounds."
"Yes, but about this liotel at Car-
rabelle. Carrabelle is one terminus
of the Georgia,'Florida & Alabama
Railroad, isn't it?"
"Of the railroad, yes. But there
Is a fine harbor at Carrabelle and we
are building docks and wharves
there. We shall build our docks out
to deep water, but we don't know
yet just how far we will have to
build. But we will have 34 feet ,f
water and one of the best harbors ou
the gulf. Then we wilt have a road
to deep water, one that rues
through some of the best towns in
"Won't you interfer with--"
"The Sotthern wants to see this
development They say openly that
they are a ious to see this road
making its way to deep water."
"Just on0 more question, Mr. Wil-
liams," and he looked up.enquirlngly.
"I want to ,now what you are going
to do about that train that to due at
10:80 Saturday nights and gpts here
at a quartet of to-morrow?"
The reply was forthcoming. "We
shall do the best we can," he said. I
.murmured something about "Angels
can do no pore," and the interview
Governor Broward In An Interview Punctures the Scare
Balloon Sent Up by Editors Who Write for the Interests.
Governor Napoleon B. Brows rd re-
turned to the State capital Saturday
last from an outing, for pleasure only,
to Port Huron, M:ch., where he went
as one of the Florida representatives
of the Maccabees, who held a conven-
tion in that city.
He got home in t'me to read in the
columns of the Tiue Democrat a scare
article on the sale of 59,060 acres cf
land in Monrce county for 43 2-8c an
acre. Governor Broward not being in
the State when the article was writ-
ten. the person who wrote it (and the
context of the article gives evidence
of the fine Ital'an hand of some person
rreitly interested In bringing the ac-
tions of the Internal Improvement
Fund Trustees into disrepute, and
bears a striking similarity to the
reams of literature of the same tenor
which has been offered to the State
press In the form of plate matter at
$V.-0 per column) COTTLD NOT POS-
RITPTV HAVE SEEN THE GOV-
FTINOR before the article was wr:t-
An inquiry addressed to the cther
Trustees of that Fund broimht out the
fqets that none of these other gentle-
mein Abh b'sea 9 JFa for Jarromtki
nr @ful^ation 0f thib" fle A repre-
sentstive of THE SUN interviewed
the OIvarncr Mnndon aIn* and referr-
Ing to the scare article in the True
Demrerat and an ed'torlal printed In
last Sunday's Times-Union, asked the
G mwrnor to explain,
The True Democrat story and the
Times-Union editorial both lay great
stress upon the fact that these lands
were sold at very much less than their
value and, to quote the Times-Union.
"on the quiet." The Times-Union
asks "why was not an effort made to
secure better prices by having open
competition for their purchase? Why
was one individual thus favored?" It
hints also that this one individual was
merely a name under which the land
could be conveyed to others wlih(
wished for it. without being known.
In answer to these questions and sug-
geistions Governor Broward said:
"See. 482 of the Revised Statutes
vests in the Trustees of the Tnternal
Improvement Fund SOLE POWER
TO FIX TIHE PRICE OF LANDS.
Ever silce the trust waq created. It
has been the practice, which, by the
way, has never before been criticised,
to slil land to any Individual who of.
fered what the Trustees considered
a fair priro for lands located by him.
"ALL TH' MONrY TWAT WASf
Pr1WN TTa RBY rT94 TRUTJSTPS
WA DrRIVED IN THIS MANNER.
"The firpt sale of any moment was
*hat nade by Owern"r Bloxham. dur-
*** Mb. 9D"t *J* Prion, I t tb
nisatonn. at which 40W0.004 acreq of
l-n4d wre o14d for $1 00W.000. fSnce
th-t t'm. various triots have been
sold to vorWies pprtles by t ba 4ffeYent
.,.winlstrstfrm< Therv NFVVr HAM
WrN A PnTIC OFFF RING OF
"The highest price ever paid for
lands under the control of the Trus- "Joe Jenninge Is not a stranger to
tees was that paid during the Jen- the people of Florida who live in his
nings administration, at which sale section. He has spent many years
108,000 acres of land were deeded In the Southern portion of the penin-
for $224,000. This land with the except. sula. He located this land because It
ticn of 80.000 acres of swamp land, was a mangrove swamp and because
was well selected, timbered land and not one foot of It was free from the
WAS NOT mVRGOLADE LAND. inundations of the Gulf of Mexico.
"The blabest price ever paid for The mangrove trees whiob grow in
any considerable body of Ever- this area have barnacles on the roots.
glade land was that paid by Joe *Mr. Jennings found a purchaser for
Jennings for 59.060 acres of land for these lands in a company which
$25,763. which figures 48 3$-Sc per aere WANTED TH PBARK that grows on
and which has been so severely edtl.- the trees, for the purpose of Street
cised by gentlemen who a41 made Ing tannic acid. Mr. Jennings took a
themselves critics. WITHOUT IN- trip to Washington and got from the
VESTIGATION, of everything that War iMartment an autheA tested
the Trustees have done since they de- coast line map of Florida, returned to
termined to drain the Everglades. Florida and offered to bay, and did
"The highest price paid for Uvw buy, from the Trustees all of the land
glade land previous to this much crit- contained within lines made by him
Icised recent sale, was that made to by following the meanderings of the
the Scotts through J. M. Barfs, at- cots. which included the mangrove
torney. for a large tract at 80o per .owth
acre. No criicessm has been passed on "No man can take a map of Florida
the sale of lands by the Trustees until and ad on the mainland MORE
the drainage question came up,l THAN 16.000 o(tte -000 acres which
though. as I have said before., im s B ..a g bought. The balance of
hive been oonstanUy made by other it is In the O lf of Moeeo. as shown
administrations In eztly the same onth~ I Bushnell map of
.s.m.. iM as M two u9 wiwi n r loSM sh ~ 1 Shown Ms a pert of
The land sold to the grott through e Fl.dorid al. lshis ONLY ON TH
Barra at Mc an acre durtnx the Je-* t.nF Tid -v". A N DEPARTMENT
nimng admlnlstratlon was nearly, ll = .j'ta.D s made from
on the mnland ofI lorlda. a s .ers on the
"Tb" land fold to ICA jenn4i a W
NwAl Y JL IN T Ui p s a. critdilse4
I Ots tintr*w (COatisa4on Pae Thirteem.)
June 30, 9no
By THE EDITOR
fortunately, or unfortunately, ac-
cording to the light in which one
views it, the Democrati6 primary nom-
lnations being equivalent to an elec-
tion In this State, the membership of
the Legislature which convenes next
April has been determined.
The questlov as to whether the prem
dominasse of any one political party
lana State works best for the liberties
of the people will not be entered Into
Ia this presentation of the member.
ship of the nest Legislature.
On the broad assumption that every
person in the State Is interested in
the personnel of the law-making body
a full lit of the membership of the
next IAgislatgre Is printed.
As far as present information goes
there is but one contest, that down in
Manatee, in which county the Social.
Lists are said to be strong. They'have
nominated Mr. A. J. Pettagrew for the
Legislature who. will contest the seat
In the general election with Mr. John
A. Graham, the nominee of the Dem-
ocratic primary. The Socialists have
made some -headway in Duval county,
that is, they have an organIzation
there. They MAY put a ticket in the
field. It Is barely possible that the
Republicans will gain courage of their
desire to keep within the radius* of
the drop of the national plums by
holding conventions and making nomi-
nations tor State offices. With the pos-
sible exception, however, of Manatee
there seems to be no opposition to
come up to the Democratic nominees
that will be worth considering.
Demooratio Nominees Por State Sen*
District S-John. S. Besrd, Pensa-
cola; District 4-Theop. West, Marl-
anna; District 6-James B. Broome,
Quincy; District 8-John W. Hender-
son, Tallahassee; Distfict 10-C. L.
Leggett, Greenville; District 12-Al
Winburn, Mallory; District 14-F. P.
Cone, Lake City; District 16-Thomas
S. Davis, Fernandina; District 18-H.
H. Buckman, Jacksonville; District
10-D. M. Baker, Orange Home; Dis-
trict 22-W. M. Girardeau, Monticello;
District 23-I. r. Withers, Ladylake;
District 24-W. Hunt Harris, Key
West; District 26--. 8. Crill, Palat-
ka; District 28-Frank W. Sams., New
Smyrna; District 80-Frank Adams
Jasper; District 82-.H. H. McCreary,
District 1--Thos. F. West, Milton;
District 8-John Neel, Westville; Dis-
trict 6-A. J. Alford, Carrabelle; Dis-
trict 7-Park M. Trammell, Lakeland;
District 9-W. K. Jackson, Inverness;
District 11-James B Crane, Tampa;
District 18-F. M. Hudson, Miami;
District 15-J. B. Crews, Lake Butler;
District 17-J. R. Newlan, Live Oak;
District 19-Louis C. Massey, Orlan-
do; District 21-N. R. Carter, Levy-
ville; District 25-S. W. Clark,
Blountstown; District 27-Joseph H.
Humphreys, Bradentowz; District 29
-B. B. Canova, Sanderson; District
81-Lewis W. Zim, St. Augustine.
Democratic Nomineees For Members
House Representat:ves, 1907.
Alachua-T. A. Doke, Santa Fe;
Syd L. Carter, Gainesville; Baker- L.
C. Cobb, Olustee; Bradford-E. S.
Mathews, Starke; H. C. Peoples,
Dukes; Brevard-Wade H. Jones,
Titusville; Calhoun-A. Max Wilson,
Blcuntstown; Citrus-J. W. Knight,
Floral City; Clay-J. B, Long, Green
Cove Springs; Columbia-M. S.
Knight, Lake City; H. L. Avant, Ft.
White; Dade-John W. Watson,
Miami; DeSota-W. H. Hooker, Ar-
cadia; Duval-I. L Farris. S. H. Mel-
ton, Jacksonville; Escambia-Chas.
M. Coston, Pensacola; M. 0. Baggett
McDavid; Franklin-J. F. C. Griggs,
Apalachicola; Gadsden-J. H. Willis,
Quincy; W. L. Taylor. Branchville;
Hamilton-John Bradshaw, Jennings;
L. G. Register, Jasper; Hernq.rdo-C.
S. Wilson. Brooksville; Hilsbor.
ough-W. W. Decker, Tampa; John R.
Dudley. Plant City; Holmes-D. J.
Paul, Bonifay; Jackson-H. C. Neel,
Neels Landing; Ed Williams, Grace-
ville; JeffersorL-S. D. Clarke, Monti.
cello; J. D. Thompson, Lloyd; La-
fayette-D. G. Gefger, Mayo; Lake-
S. P. Kirkland, Altoona; S. F. Smith,
I.eesburg; Lee-Frank J. Wilson. Fort
'Meyers; Leon-A. 8S. Wells and G'I-
bert Hartsfield. Tallahassee; Levy-
J. N. Willis, Williston; Liberty-Syd.
ney D. Johnson, Bristol; Madison-
R. H. Rowe, Madison; R. L. Millinor,
Ellaville; Manatee-John A. Graham,
Bradentown; Marion-E. L. Wartman,
Citra; George Matthewc, Ocala; Mun-
roe-C. L. Knowles and W. H. Malone,
Jr.. Key West; Nassau-8. A. Ogilvie,
Callahan; George Colkins. Fernandina;
Orange-G. W. Crawford. Conway; B.
C. Abernethy. Orlando; Osceola-A. E.
Donegan, Kissimmee; Pasco-R. R.
McCutcheon, Dade City; Polk-W. J.
Durrance, Bowling Green; Henry
Snell; Putnam-H. A. Mackenzie, Pa-
latka; W. Z. Russell, Crescent City;
Santa Roea-J. H. Harvell, Bagdad;
A. J. Peaden, Oak Grove; St. Johns-
C. J. DuPont, Matanzas; W. A. Mac-
Williams, St. Augustine; St. Lucie-
Claude Olmstead, Ft. Pierce; Sumter
-W. C. Kilgore, Wildwood; Suwan-
nee-W. R. Dorman, Live Oak; W. H.
McLernand, Welborn; Taylor-T. J.
Faulkner, Perry; Volusia-John S.
Parkinson; ............. ; Wakulla--
S. P. Roddenberry, Sopchoppy; Wal-
ton-J. F. Richburg, Laurel Hill;
Washington-W. B. Lassister, Vernon.
In sizing up the members nominat-
ed and, as I have said, practically
elected to the next Legislature, from
the viewpoint of administration or,
anti-administration members, I pre*
dict that the. administration will find
a majority of the members disposed to
a friendly attitude. I said soon after
the first primary that the Senate,
counting those nominated and the
hold-overs, would show on roll call at
least seventeen members who would
not be disposed to throw obstacles in
the way of the present administration
in carrying out all of its proper poll.
cles. Since that time, by perecoal
conversation with some, and by hear-
ing the remarks of others repeated
by reliable persons, I have added two
to the administration end of it and
now say that the Senate will show
nineteen of this kind of senators.
The House is a more difficult prop-
osition because the entire member-
.-hip of the House changes. There is a
large sprinkling of new men in the
list of nominees for the next House,
but with the list before me and with
the eliminating lead pencil well sharp.
ened, I have not been able to figure
more than thirty of the House mem-
bership of sixty-nine whn would fail
on qualify as friends of the administra.
tlon. To put it the other way. I figure
38 of the 69 members as distinctly
With figures like these It is a con-
servative statement. If I may be per-
mitted to use so mild a word in the
columns of so radical a newspaper,
that, what is commonly called "a good
working majority will be at the serv.
ice of the present administration to
carry out its State policies.
I have all along contended that the
drainage question was not a vital is-
sue at the primary polls; that the can.
didates, with one or two exceptions,
were not running on either drainage
or anti-drainage platforms; that the
people generally were not disposed to
reverse the verdict given for drainage
in 1904 before th men who were elect.
ed on that platform had at least been
given a chance to demonstrate the
feasibility, practicability and desira-
bil ty of the plan. I notice that quite
a sprinkling of newspapers have
taken up this idea since I put it forth
six weeks ago.
I also notice that there has been
what the late Speaker Reed termed
"a masterly inactivity" in anti-drain-
ase newspaper circles over the pro-
mulgation of the idea that drainage
had been rebuked at the polls. Those
who so persistently predicted this in
pre-primary utterances; ans those
who, with the wish as the paternal
ancestor of the thought, proclaimed
its accomplishment for a week or two
after the first primary, are now par-
taking of the dish called "bitter retro-
spection" and at this writing belong
to the class of "sorry-we-spokes." No
system of numerical calculation which
has been yet vouchsafed to fallible
mankind will enable these anti-drain-
age fanatics to figure out a majority
against drainage in the next House.
With the practical certainty of 57
out of 101 members favorable to drain-
age. and with the opportunity that
will be offered to the Governor to
reach the remaining 44 members with
pro-drainage facts and arguments;
and, taking into consideration the
proneness of the average legislator to
be, if possible without too great a
strain on his conscience, on the side
of the administration that is in, it is
a safe prediction to make that the
pro-administration contingent will be
augmented in number rather than de-
creased. I would not be surprised to
find even a.two-thirds majority in the
Legislature which would be unwilling
to allow so great an undertaking to be
throttled, unproven and untried. Just
because some rich and powerful cor-
porations and land syndicates are giv-
ing a few anticipatory squirms at the
feel of the hands of the tax collector
at the button flags of their capacious
As I said before, there will be many
new faces seen in the House and
quite a number of new ones In the
Senate. Among these are men who
have frankly declared that they have
(Continued on next Page)
TO B PPY THO MOT.
'. 7 1 M.F1
THE SUN Has Invited the People of Florida to Join In a Symposium on the Primary, so that
Legislators, Enowing the Views of Their Constituents, May he Equlpped to Seal With This
Important Measure. No Favorites Are Played. AllH democrats Are Invited to Contribute to
This Series. Factional Lines Are Not Regarded as Exsting.
Shall the State Pay?
By A. P. JORDAN.
Punta Gorda, Fla., June 25th, 1906. mary system, which places upon the
To the Editor of the Sun:
Having recently had a little exper-
ience in the matter of primary elec-
tion expenses, it may be supposed
that I have acquired a store of valua-
ble advice to offer. But it grieves
me to say that I have not discovered
anything new relating to the prob-
We all know that the present pri-
candidates the expense of holding
the elections, prevents many poor but
worthy and competent men from be-
coming candidates, and, for this rea-
son, it has been urged by some that
the State should pay the expense.
It would be all right for the State
to do this, if only the Democratic
party and no other would hold pr.-
maries and the possibility of second
primaries could be removed; other-
wise, the expense might prove too
much even for the State. If the
State should assume the expense for
one party, it would have to do it for
all; and the result would be that we
would be confronted by the possibili-
ty of two primaries each for the Dem-
ocratic party, the Republican, tlhe So-
cialist, Prohibition, Union Labor and
all others .that might spring up and
form a State organization and order
primaries for the nomination of can-
As to the candidate bearing the ex-
pense, it might be argued that the
fact that a man is poor indicates the
want of that business ability which
all political aspirants should pos-
sess, and his poverty might expose
-im too much to temptation; where-
fore, it might be deduced that it is a
good thing to place a pecuniary pro-
hibition upon poor men. Now, this
is not my argument, for I am a poor
man myself and believe In giving the
poor man every possible chance, but
not at the expense of the State.
A serious objection to a free pri-
mary, expenses to be paid by the
State, is that it would bring out such
an overwhelming number of candi-
dates that no press in the State could
print the ticket, no voter mark It
property in an hour, and no board of
managers hold the election in one
Short Sermon for
THE OREAT ISSUE
By Rev. T. Henry Blenus, Pastor Church Street
It is the custom of the national
conventions of the great political par-
ties to point out something to their
adherents which they choose to call
the issue of paramount importance.
They recognize the importance of
each of the propositions or "planks"
of their platform, but some one issue
is looked upop and considered of so
much more moment than the others
that it is called the "paramount Is-
sue," and it .is supposed that the
major part of the political fight will
be waged over the issue raised by
this "paramount" plank. Sometimes
it is money; sometimes it is imperial-
ism; sometimes it is tariff; some-
times it is one thing, and sometimes
another, but it is considered wise to
have an important plank.
Fraternal organizations have a cer-
tain principle, or certain principles,
which they esteem to be of para-
mount importance and around which
they rally. Such principles are often
made the subject of mottoes, badges,
distinguishing names, and cabalistic
Has the religion of the Nazarene,
the religion of Christianity, the fast
becoming world-wide faith in Christ
a paramount issue? Is there a plank
in the Christian platform of such
transcendent importance that it de-
serves special attention, special men-
tion, and should be set aside and
made of constant and particular men-
tion? Did Jesus Christ and his
Apostles lay particular stress on any
one principle of the religion they
taught and insist on the battle of Hlu-
man life and activity being fought
along this line? It Aems clear that
they did. Jesus himself said: "A
new commandment give I unto you,
that you love one another," and
again, "Thou shalt love the Lord thy
God, with all thy soul, with all thy
mind, and with all thy strength" and
again, "Thou shalt love thy neighbor
as thy self." On these hang all
the law and the prophets." "If ye
love me keep my commandments."
Faith has its roots In the past.
Hope in the future, but love strikes
down in the soil of the present. Faith
looks back, Hope looks forward. but
Love looks about us and around.
Faith causes us to remember.; Hope
to prophesy; Love to labor. Faith
and hope are Just as shadowry and
unreal when compared with love as
the past and future are when compar-
ed with the present.
Love Is the grace of unselfishness.
A man's faith and hope are, by
themselves, purely selfish. He oe-
lieves for himself, he hopes for him-
self, and were these the only attri-
butes of his religion it would never
leave home. Love is the spirit of
service and once it becomes the rul-
ing passion of one's li'e then are his
faith and hope enlisted in behalf of
God and man. The presence or ab-
sence of love makes the missionary a
non-missionary among individuals,
churches or systems of religion. The
paramount issue hi the Jewish faith
was obedience to the law. It had a
table of stone, and its ten command-
ments. When Christ assumed the
reins of government he took out the
word "Rest" and in its place wrote
"Love." This was his "new com-
mandment." Then the church of
God leaped up trom her slumbers,
went out from the Palace of Rest to
return no more until man was re-
deemed. Let us cultivate this spirit
of love, the true spirit and genius
of the Master's teaching until all
men have seen the beautiful feet "on
the mountains," and heard the story
of the more abundant life.
Escambli County Census Returns.
The census returns from Escambia
have been received by the Commis-
sioner of Agriculture. They contain
full and complete information.
From the returns is taken the
Population for the county, white,
18,213, negroes, 14,166, Chinese, 4.
Pensacola, white, 10,789, negroes,
10,712, Chinese, 4. Total, 21,605.
Increase in the county, outside the
city, 312. Increase in the city of
Total gain for the entire county,
4,074. Increase for the county, 3
per. cent., Pensacola, 21.2-10 per
cent. Total increase for the county,
14.4-10 per cent.
Successful German Books.
Berlin.-Scheffel continues the
most popular German poet. His epic
poems, Ekkehard and the Trumpeter
of Baekkingen, were sold in 218 and
274 editions respectively. The pub-
lisbers issued 816,200 Ekkehards
and 825,200 Trumpeters so far and
the demand continues unabated.
(Continued from Preceding Page.)
not the information necessary for
them to decide on so important a mat-
ter as draining the Everglades but
that they seek Information, and as
Governor Broward can now "bunch
his hits" among the 44 whom he has
to work on, these uncommitted mem-
bers may rest their souls In peace
from the fear that they will not re-
ceive, in copious measure, the infor-
mation which they seek. And as Gov-
ernor Broward demonstrated on the
stump that he is a POWERFUL PUR-
SUADER the chances of a two-thirds
majority for drainage are bright.
There are other matters to be taken
up by the next Legislature, of great
importance. The one which seems to
have the brightest prospect is that of
State insurance. It is quite certain
that this measure will be vigorously
fought for in the coming session and
as the attitude of the administration
is well known, and as the friends of
the measure were so powerful last
session that it took a strong fillibus-
ter to beat it, it seems that before the
summer of 1907 is well under way the
State of Florida will be in the insur-
One of the most important happen-
ings at the last meeting of the Dem-
ocratic State Executive Committee
the press has not touched on at all,
or but lightly. This was no less
than the rescue of the primary law
from death or strangulation. From
an analysis of the situation this is
the way it presents itself to my mind.
At the meeting of the Committee
Just after the first primary it was
called upon to decide two contests,
that of McGffen against Davis In
Nassau County, and that of Codring-
After some preliminary sparring a
ton against Sams in Volusta County.
resolution, which prevailed, was in-
troduced by W. J. Bryan, to the ef-
fect that, since the Committee was
on record as to its attitude In suoh
matters, the precedent already set
should be followed in the present in-
stance, and these contests be sent
back to the county committees, but
that in future all such contests
should be decided by the State Com-
mittee. Now the adoption of this
resolution of Mr. Bryan's meant the
seating of Mr. Davis. who belongs to
the same faction that Bryan does.
from Nassau County, but It meant
also the seating of Capt. Same of Vo-
lusia County, who is against Bryan's
faction; and it stamped Mr. Bryan oa
eminently fair and impartial. And
this judgment of Mr. Bryan, I think,
explains the sequel.
At the meeting of the State Demo-
cratic Executive Committee after the
SECOND primary Capt. Same came
up with a pocket full of proxies. It
was at this meeting that tue Hocker'
resolution was offered which, it
adopted, would have been the death
blow of the primary system. Now,
it was found that I, a vote were
taken and Capt. Samk voted all his
proxies it would be In his power to
carry or to defeat that resolution.
But, Bryan to the rescue! In a brief
but telling speech, Mr. Bryan appeal-
ed to the holder of those proxies to
say if he had sufficient information
as to the wishes of the people who
had given them, to vote intelligently
on the Hocker resolution which was
entirely new to all of them, had not
been discussed, had, indeed, not been
thought of for one moment by the
people the proxies represented. And
Capt. Sams, remembering the fair-
ness, the justice and the impartiality
of Mr. Bryan in a former case in
which HE had been tae person most
concerned, could not do less than
recognize the fairness of the proposi-
tion Mr. Bryan was then wrestling
with and-refused to vote his proxies
on the resolution.
Seldom has it fallen to the lot of a
scribe, whose mission it is to record
things as they are, and who thereby
is often compelled to write unpleas-
ant things, to be able to record two
such instances of fairness in two
men opposed politically.
"No. l8818" From Worth, Found In
Junk Shop Never Paid for.
Paris.-The police submitted to
Worth, the famous man milliner, an
old fashioned ball dress, half eaten
by moths, found among the posses-
sions of a dead Junk dealer. It bore
the firm's trade mark and the num-
ber 18213. The police wanted to
know for whom the ball dress had
been made in order to find out
whether the Junk man came by it
honestly or not.
"It's a very old dress," paid Worth,
"but the number will enable me to
find out all about it."
The dress was made in 1869 for
the Marquise de Gallifet, Napoleon's
favorite general. "It was one of my
early triumphs," said Worth. "At
the time her Ladyship and Empress
Eugenie were on the outs, hence she
ordered me to get up a drew for the
Tuileries ball that was sure to attract
universal attention. I put my think-
Ing cap on and constructed this-
then a veritable dream of lovelines.
And really,, the Umupres was so
astonished and seriouss that she
broke the ice and addressed the Mar-
quise, aid tohe Aft word, so to speak.
"The robe experience several sim-
ilar triumph that winter and I got a
lot of advertislag out of it when I
needed it most, but the war came
upon us and Number 18218 was
never .paid for. Witness this blank
ii the ledger "of 1899."
Shaking the Old Plum Tree
June 30, i
-National Aid for Drainage--
Florida's Governor Put this Plan In Motion--Result
of His Efforts Shown in Correspondence With Con-
As the subject of national aid for
Florida Uverglade draiage has
become so popular since tile intro-
4uction in the lower house of Con-
gross of Congressman Clark's bill to
divert soae of tiA money tor the re-
demptio of the arid West to the
reclamation of the watery South, and
the offering of the resolutidk in the
United States Seaste by Senat r
Mallory asking for government aid
for Everglade surveys and estimate
for drainage, it might be well to af-
ford the people an opportunity to
learn some more about this matter.
It has been known by all those
who have taken the trouble to In-
quire that from the VBRY BEGIN-
NING Governor Broward his had la
mind the securing of National aid for
his great undertaking, and as far
back as last February he asked the
Florida delegation in Congress to do
what they bould along this line. For
almost 4 year past he has been In
direct communication with -he Uni-
ted States Secretary of Agriculture,
who has drainage matters in his
charge, and ue has received two
visits from representatives of the Na-
tional Agricultural Department who
were set by the Secretary to cbn-
suit with him about this undertak-
Ing. Mr. Ballot of tae Agricultural
Department at Washington is .he
gentleman who has visited the State
capital, and much correspondence
has since passed between the State
Department and the Nationas Depart-
me t. One of the results oi the agi.
station of the subject of National aid
for Bverglade drainage is shown it
the correspondence printed" below,
which explains Itself:
House of Representatives U. 8.,
Washington, June 0, 1900.
Hon. N. B. Broward, Governor,
IMy Dear Governor:
I send you herewith two letters
bearing date the 2d instant, qne front
Mr. Bdward Meade, Chief of Irriga
tion and Drainage Investigtilon, thi
other from the Hon. James Wilson
Secretary of Agriculture, both beat
ing upon the matter of the drainage
of Lake Okeeehobee. You will not
In the Secretary's letter a I partly
outline of the work which the Agri
cultural Department is authorised t
do, and a more extended onq In thb
of Mr. Meade; both sprositg, how
ever, a willingness to aid you alone
the lines laid down.
You will further note a duggestio
that arrangements for a donferena
with the State authorities at an earl
date be made for the working out c
the details and determining tt
amount of work to be done.
If I can aid you further In th
matter I will be glad to do so.
Yours very truly, '
S. M. SPARKMAN.
Department of Agriculture,
Washington D. C. June 3, 190
Hon. S. M. Sparkman,
House of Representatives,
Washington, D. 0.
I have the honor to acknowledi
receipt of your letter of May 18, I
closing an extract of a letter fro
Governor Broward, and in re
would say, that the drainage appi
printlons made by Congress for tl
Department provide for the carry
out of two lines of work: Inves
nations and experiments to solve d
flcult problems ia land drige a
to work out improved pImees
dranage; and the furnlshing of
pert engaeering advice or dtreotl
nla the working out of the economic
and engineering plans for the drain-
age of large areas, or areas where the
benefits to be derived from drainage
make the preparation of such plans
a matter of national interest and Im-
It would seem that the reclama-
tiona of .the verglades cones within
the latter classification and I under-
stand that the Irrigation and Drain-
age Division of the Office of Experi-
ment Stations has already made some
preliminary surveys and investiga-
tions looking to the working out of
plans for the reclamation of these
lands, and has had some correspond-
ence with Governor Broward relative
to this work. I shall be glad if ar-
rangements can be made for co-oper-
ation between this Department and
the State authorities la the investiga-
tion of these problems and in carry-
ing out whatever surveys or studies
are necessary to the preparation of a
comprehensive plan for the reclama-
tion of these lands.
U. S. Department or Agriculture,
Washington, D. C., June 2, 1900.
Hon. S. M. Sparkman,
House of Representatives,
Washington, D. C.
reclamation a matter of national in-
terest and to warrant the assistance
of this office, and Mr. Elliott has al-
ready written Governor Broward of
our willingness to render any advis-
ory assistance desired. In order for
us to render such assistance, how-
ever, it is necessary that we should
reach some agreement with the State
authorities in the near future regard-
ing the work we are to do as we now
have under consideration the plans
for the work to be done under the
appropriation made by the present
Congress. In the hope that it may
promote an early agreement regarding
this work I will outline what we are
in a position to do.
In response to the request, made
at your two recent vaits to this of-
fice, for an explanation of the char-
acter of the drainage investigations
now being carried on by the Office of
Experiment Stations and of the as-
sistance which can be given in the
drainage and reclamation of the
Everglades of Florida, I respectfully
submit the following:
The drainage Investigations of this
office embrace two lines of work.
The first is experiments and Investi.
nation for the purpose of solving dif-
ficult problems in drainage. This
work Is chiefly confined to the Irri'a-
ted districts of the West where the
lowering of the soil water level to re-
lieve Irrigated lands from the accu-
mulation of water and alkali presents
new and difficult questions in drain-
The second line of work includes
the making of surveys and prepara-
tion of plans for the drainage of
areas large enough to make the re-
clamation of lands a matter of na-
tional interest and in wanting as con-
sulting advisors to the State and dis,
trict authorities regarding the settle-
i ment of complicated and important
r engineering and leglalativp problems
I relative to drainage. As Illustrattng
the character of the second line of
work, we have Juring the past year
i made surveys anJ prepared plans for
the drainage of over 2.000 squatf
miles in the Red River Valey cf
North Dakota, ;.ud carried on in
connection witn a number of drain.
aes districts a study of the drainage
of the Kankahee Marsh in Indianu
which Is an area of about 300,000
acres. We have also carried on sur.
veys looking to the working out of
plans for the drainage and leveeing
a of the rice lands of South Carolina.
i- The drainage of the Everglades of
a Florida seems to belong to thil l t.
y ter clam of problems. Mr. Elliott
>- the engineer in charge of drqinasge
s Investigations. has mnde two visits to
I the Everglades and ths nffce has fe't
I- a deep Interest in and given consid.
f- erable attention to the orohlems ol
d Its re"lamAtion. The area to be re.
an claimed. 4.000 squ"-e miles, and the
i agricultural vaie of the land when
a recilmed would seem to make its
The Drainage Commission created
by the last Legislature of Florida has
adopted a tentative plan for the con-
struction of a canal from the head
waters of New River to the south
rim of Okechobee Lake, having for
its object the lowering of the waters
of the lake and the cutting off of the
overflow to the south, which it is
claimed furnisnes a large portion of
the glade water. We do not under-
stand that It has as yet been determ-
Ined what shall be done to complete
the reclamation of the glade lands
after this canal has been dug. It
would seem that this is an appro-
priate time to begin the engineering
studies needed for the preparation of
a plan and estimate of the coat for
the complete reclamation of these
lands. It is believed that this office
can arrange to assist in the prepara-
tion of these plans either through in-.
dependent investigations and surveys
or in co-operation with the State au-
thoritles. It would seem that a co-
opdration of the State authorities
an4. of this office would be the most
economical and satisfactory arrange-
meat. The details of this can, how.
e#6r, be made a matter for subse-
We have not sufficient information
at hand to form any opl.nion regar l-
lug the investigations to be made or
their cost. For the immediate fu-
ture we can send an engineering rep-
resentative to confer with State au-
thorities whenever this le necessary,
or we can place a small party in the
field to begin the collection of data
for the working out of a complete
reclamation plan. If it Is desired
that this office assist in the investi-
gations outlined, I suggest that an
arrangement for a conference with
the State authorities at an early date
be made for the working out of the
details and determining the amount
of work to be done.
Chief of Irrigation anI Drainage In-
The Trustees of the Internal Im-
provement Fund will arrange for a
conference with the engineers of the
National Agricultural Department at
an early date, so as to get the benefit
of National aid for Everglade drain-
Thinks BY THM Brethren
The Press For An Immigration o
The sore need of Florida for more I
reliable laborers and wage earners In c
the country, must be met by s3mo
concerted movement that will relieve t
this tension and eliminate the unrea- (
sonable colored workman, in so far
*as that his whims and shiftiness will C
not effect the interests of the employ- 8
er. We would heartily approve of a i
movement looking to the formation
of an immigration bureau by the
State, and make the suggestion th't
the press of Florida unite in an ef-
fort to induce the Legislature to pass
a bill providing for the creation of
such a bureau, with an appropriation
sufficient to permit it to proceed
efficiently in the work of securing
immigration from the East, West and
Dominion of Canada. The immigra-
tion department of the railroads
would gladly cooperate with a move-
ment of this kind and there is a new
law of congress establishing a bureau
of information L.. the different ports
of entry where the wants of the State
would be set before the incoming
foreigner, should the authorities be
conferred with and Florida's wants
The labor problem grows more
serious every year, and has now
reached that point where a positive
embargo is placed upon the pro-
ducts and advancement of FloridA.
We must have better and more re-
lible laborers, the State must have
an immigration bureau, and the peo-
ple and railroads must join hands
with It In securing a desirable class
of Immigration. Let us put forth our
I endeavors to secure this end.--
I That the South stands In danger
I of losing In a single generation one
if her greatest sources of wealth- -
her forests-is made plain by the
investigation of the Department of
Btate. Although there is always
moro or less talk of the day when
he world's supply of coal and iron
or some other general commoditY
ivll' te exhausted, the time in ea''i
crse ceems too far distant to cause
any alarm. But with the forests it
s different, tneir exhaustion, not
only in the South but in the wholf
United States, being a very real and
present menace. Thirty-five years
is the time set for the total disap-
pearance of our forests, unless pre-
cautionary steps are immediately
taken. It is estimated that the c
now stand in this country about
1l475,000,000,00o feet of lumber
and that about 45,500,000 feet ari,
cut every year. The result is plai,.
and it is up to Congress and the
States to enact legislation to pre-
vent the catatrophe.-Key West Ad-
The South is so generally regarded
as the great cotton growing and man-
ufacturing territory of the world that
the report of the Department of labor
and Commerce that there are 71,455
"factory hands" employed In the cot-
ton mills of Japan is somewhat sur-
prising. The Japanese do not grow
much cotton, although they are striv-
ing to increase their production; but
as large Importers they naturally
manufacture to a considerable extent.
That they wish to increase their ac-
tivities in this .ne Is shown by the
fact that in the readjustment of
their tariff raw cotton was given uo
Increased duty. That they will sue-
reed in taking a Ligh place among
the nations exporting manufactured
goods Is shown by the fact that the
(Continued on Page Thirteen.)
June 30, 1906
Lee County People Want Drainage for Protection Against
Inundations from Ocheechobee Overflow.
LaBelle, Fla., Caloosa River Valley,
June 18, 1906.
Col. Beard's big speech delivered
in Pensacola some time ago against
the drainage scheme was about the
best argument yet advanced by the
opposition, but the Colonel did not
do himself justice. The idea advanc-
ed is tw narrow for the Colonel'a
normal broad gauge ideas. He should
have talked on a broader plane and
not have tried to convince his hearers
and readers tuat the plum is not ripe
enough to pluck and that the prese:it
scheme is a colossal mistake. What
does it matter .. as to whom the
swamp and overflowed lands belong,
now or in the future. Those lands
though tied up and hampered about
with legal questions are proper sub-
jects of taxation, it matters not who
own them. They are permanent
fixtures and must inevitably contri-
bute for all time to come liberally to
the States. treasury, and the greater
the value, the greater revenue will
A distinguished gentleman, an ex-
State Senator and a man our State
is proud of who assisted nis father
in surveying the western border of
the Everglades, wrote to the writer
that he owned a large tract of land
on the Caloosahatchee river v alley
and that he would be willing to pay
not. only five cents an acre to have
them drained, but five dollars per
acre. So it is with all of us down here
living within the drainage district
burdened with periodical inundations
from Lake Okeechobee the great
fountain head, which is a continued
menace to this fertile and promising
section. If the people of Florida
knew the conditions down here as
we realize them, they would cast a
solid vote for the pending constitu-
tional amendment at our next gen-
eral election. To wait longer In
adopting methods to drain these
lands or to throw obstacles in the
way of the present methods enau-
gurated by the present administra-
tion to drain them would be unwise
and suicidal in the extreme, and the
opposition springing up as it has is
The opposition by some is based on
the acreage tax system, by some on
general principles. The fact seems
to have been lost sight of that Uncle
ON THE GREAT KITCHENS.
Paris-Joseph, some time chef of
the Wm. K. Vanderbilt establish-
ment, the man who coined the
phrase: "Americans feed, but do
not know how to dine," talked- Inter-
estingly on the great kitchens of the
world the other evening.
"My American master." he said,
"spent $200,000 on his kitchens, one-
half was expended for cooking uten-
sils and ranges, yet the Vanderbilt
kitchens are poor compared with
royal establishments that have been
in the eating business for hundreds
of years. King Edward had to spend
only $40,000 for copper and silver
plated cooking utensils in Windsor,
but, all told, millions must have
been sunk in the king's great kitch-
ens. I recolect an item charged
against Georke III: $60,000 for oak-
en kitchen utensils.
Osar Can't Make Use of Great Kitch-
"The Czar spent $400,000 on the
kitchens of the Winter Palace, but
Sam deeded to the State first and
last over twenty millions of acres of
land to be used solely for drainage
purposes and that these lands or the
proceeds from sale of these lands
can not be otherwise applied. It is
claimed by some that a great deal of
these lands are high and dry and
don't need drainage. This may be
true, but they were granted all the
same for drainage purposes, and are
first as applicable for drainage pur-
poses as the most swampy tract in
al the great Everglades. In the grant-
ing of those lands by the United
States a tact whose greater portion
was swampy though a part might be
high and dry if all went in the grant
as swamp and overflowed lands, con-
templating, of course, that the high
and dry should aid in draining the
whole tract, hence the hue and cry
that lands high and dry are being
taxed for drainage.
The conditions are not generally
understood and the drainage com-
mission is eminently correct in in-
cluding the whole. Doubtless the
next legislature will take up this
matter and amend the present law,
repeal it or pass a new law to meet
all the conditions.
Some people advocate a law taxing
the whole State as other taxes are
collected, raising a special fund for
drainage. True this might be the
better policy, and be satisfactory to
the whole people when it is under-
stood to be of universal benefit, but
from the writer's standpoint it
should be confined to the swamp and
overflowed lands granted to the State
for that purpose.
As stated before, there is over
twenty million of acres of these
lands lying and being possibly in
every county in the State. Though it
may have been sold many times ovar
and owned by divers individuals, it
is nevertheless as much responsible
for drainage purposes as it was the
day Uncle Sam made the transfer.
The Trustees held It in trust for a
special purpose and could not give
any deed to it which could remove
that responsibility. They could give
no better deed to the land than that
which they held. Of course these
twenty millions of acres have so far
as State ownership is concerned
gone to the forewinds, practically all
gone, but these lands are in sight, all
here within the broad limits of the
has not made use of them for years.
At that establishment every sort of
utensil is of pure silver. I saw there
40 silver frying pans, the Intrinsic
value of each being $175. The spice
holders are of massive gold and the
ranges and bake ovens are framed
in silver, while walls and floor are
of black marble. The Czar's kitchen
contains 3,000 silver spoons and a
golden broiler, bought by Catherine
II. The chief cok receives not qqite
as much as I got at Mr. Vanderbilt's,
namely $33,000 per annum. There
are six under-cooks, the worst paid
gets $4,000 a year. All told the Czar
spends $6000,000 per annum on his
Ena Finds Good Kitchen.
"The Madrid palace has a very ex-
cellent kitchen, though small. The
present King having the highest re-
gard for his stomach, spent $05,000
on re-furnishing his kitchen when he
came to the: throne. I am told that
the Shah has more gold dishes than
any other potentate In the world--
he can afford to since he does, with-
State and are bound for their drain-
A law covering the entire acreage
making assessment upon them
might be had in a few instances, but
the tax would be so' light that it
would not be felt by any. The law
could and should provide that all
lands now owned and being cultivat.
ed by the citizens of the State, Which
have been deeded by the Trustees of
the Internal Improvement Fund
should not be assessed for drainage,
but every one not In cultivation
throughout the entire State should be
assessed for drainage purposes. The
law might go further and provide
that these lands be graded and the
village affixed according to their
Those lands which are still un-
deeded and in the hands of the Trus-
tees might and should be Included,
the funds to pay those taxes drawn
from the cash found or from the
public treasury, If from the public
treasury refunded from sale of those
lands in the future. A law of this
kind would cover an immense area
and might appear too complicated to
be practicable, but it would not be
so. The Trustees could readily
furnish to every tax assessor in the
State a list of land in their respective
counties which was deeded to the
State by Uncle Sam under the act of
congress September 28, 1850. The law
suits pending so forcibly referred to
by Col. Beard would cut no figure,
le the suitk goahead and let the
courts decree all they choose, tie
land should pay for its own drain-
age whether it belongs now or in the
future to John Doe or Richard Roe.
Your writer has been buying and
selling this class of lands for more
than thirty years and now conclude
that no injustice would be done for
those I own and those I have sold to
bear an equal burden In their drain-
age. The brilliant Col. in his ad-
dress mention a big figure In esti-
mating the cost of drainage. No
such sum of money as from three to
thirteen millions need be spent in
permanently lowering Lake Okeecho-
bee. The little ten thousand dollar
drainage boat-Dredge No. 1-built
in Cedar Keys by the Disston Drainage
Company cut about forty miles of
canaling twenty-two feet wide and
seven feet deep before she became
worn out and laid up. This boat's
out forks and spoons, his royal fin-
gers serving instead of these 'modern
Carmen Sylva Proposes to Make Mar.
riages Depend on Perfect Health.
Bucharest-Queen Elisabeth, Car-
men Sylva, is the real author of the
bill submitted in the senate, provid-
ing that men and women must sub-
mit to medical examination ore they
can procure marriage certificates.
Dr. Torneska, professor of the medi-
cal faculty, fathers the bill which
reads: "Persons afflicted with dis-
eases of the chest and lungs or suf-
ferjng from organic diseases of the
heart and incurable diseases of other
vital organs cannot obtain marriage
certificates in Roumania." Medical ex-
amination of all candidates for mar-
riage is made eqmpulsory. Sufferers
from the diseases named, paralysed
persons, and all persons afflicted with
contagious and hereditary diseases
liable to affect the issue are "eo Ipse"
excluded from "the right to obtain
marriage certificates and marry. -
The bill is backed by a large num-
ber of signatures and the interest the
queen is taking In its passage Is
much commented upon, particularly
work was performed under the
writers own eye and personal obser-
vation and he unhesitatingly believes
that one million of delar is sufiblent
to cut a canal from Lake Oltcoho-
bee to the sea of sufolent capacity
to take water from Lake Okeechobee
down to the required level, which
means the drainage of all the lands
bordering for miles back, including
all the northern Everglades. The
little dredge referred to operated by
the Disston Daiunage Company cost
as stated, ten thousand dollars, de-
livered by Capt Joseph Menge In
Lake Flirt, near the hedd of the Ca-
It cost four hundred and seventy-
five dollars per month to run it, In-
cluding everything except occasional
repairs. Its capacity wu a cut of
9 feet deep and twenty-two feet
wide and her average cut was two
hundred and ten feet of canal
twenty-two feet wide and seven feet
deep per day. Any one can do their
own figuring and find that the cost
of draining the Everglades or perma-
nently lowering the great fountain-
head, Lake Okeechobee, from which
al the Everglades supplies water
courses, could not. reach those scare
crow figures now being planted be-
fore the people. When Lake Okeecho-
bee Is permanently lowered what will
have been accomplished.
The Caloosa. valley will be be-
lieved and milnoas of dollars worth
of property co tinually menaced and
threatened with destruction by Okee-
chobee, the great fountain-head,
made safe and secure. The Inflow of
actual settlers with capital to im-
prove and cultivate these rich lands
upon the valley of the Caloosahatchee
river would be enormous and a gen-
eral revival and Inspiration of indus-
try would take the place of fear and
disinclination to occupy owing to the
The settlers alobg the lons stretch
of the East Coast bordering the
Everglades would be equally bene-
fitted and rejoice with those of the
Caloosahatchee river valley. The
sickly puny sentimental opposition to
this magnificent drainage scheme
should hang their heads in shame
and cloth themselves in such cloth
R. A. HENDRY.
as her Majesty herself would have
been prohibited from marrying the
King if she had been subjected to
examination before her marriage.
When Carmen Sylva's first child was
born, she was Informed that both
she and her child would be doomed
if she ever attempted motherhood
Height of the Air Masit Barm-adm
lag the warth.
Munich-Dr. NBdes talked later-
estlngly on the etent of the "air
mantle" surrounding the earth.
Manned balloons succeeded In resel-
ing a height about 88,000 feet. Un-.
manned balloons rose much higher,
the most sugeestul registered a
height of 77,000 feet. According to
SchmJdt In Athens the dusk phenom-
ena of summer occur at a height of
300 miles, those of winltr at a
height of 406 miles. Some of the
"illuminated night clouds" are said
to pass the earth at a height of 500
to 510 miles.
"So much for praetical exper'
ments." opines Dr. Baden; "theM.
ical calculations indicate that the air
mantle, may reach to a he t
/ "...* ,.,
Sdl Jne 30. 1906
Ratel d Cmmmwer to a Wescue.
Harun Al ,ashid. Caliph of Bagdad, belonged to that peculiar class
of individuals whose lives and acts are part historical and part legen-
dary. Homer belongs to this classm.
But whether the Caliph Harun was wholly historical or wholly legen-
dary, the stories about him can, nevertheless, be used to teach a useful
lesson in thee times of wireless telegraph and devil wagons.
It is related of Harun that in company with his Grand Viser he
walked the streets of Bagdad incog., day and night. No one was let
nto the aseret of thee diurnal and nocturnal ramblings of the Caliph,
except his fatthtl Valter, Yahya.
. Ir4n was one of those rulers who combine in his single person the
three fumeton of government which later day experts in governmental
policies have divided among three departments. The Caliph was lav
maker, law nterpretersad law eecutor. In other words, he was a
deMpot pure and simple, bpt he was a good despot, and a government
by one mat is the buet kfi8 of government, provided the despot be a
good desot like Harna
go. a Harun had ti t li Iudgment every morning upon the sins, mis-
demeaor and shorteomigs of hia subjects, he, being a good man, was
oesse with th" eslthy fear that he would do some act of injustice.
In ord6r to be o he took these rambles day and night through the
streets ofa bt' ~hlelety. He mixed himself up in the crowds that
watched theshop-keeper pursuing the thief, or joined the spectators at
a fight between two porters, and became one of the by-standers at
sceN of revelry, and participated, in the capacity of interested observer,
ia all of the doings of the great city.
The set morning he assumed the robes of the ruler and held high
court, at the bar of which wero brought all those who had been gath-
ered in the drag noet of the Caliph's police during the preceding 24
hours. On account of his ramblings the Caliph was frequently the best
posted man in the court room and with the knowledge gathered by &
personal observation he was able to dispense Justice WITH SUCH WIS-'
DOM, and would goet at the REAL OFFENDER with so UNERRING A
JUDGMENT, that the high court of the Caliph of Bagdad became fa-
mous throughout all the land, and great was the reputation the Caliph
made as a j udge Just but firm.
So muck Impressd are we with the wisdom of the methods of the
great Caliph that we venture to suggest to the members of the Railroad
Commission of the State of Florida that they do as the Caliph did-
00O AND 833 FOR THEMSELVES.
Last week we printed a story which showed that the business of the
State was being seriously interfered with on account of the congested
freight yards in Jacksonville. We showed that the lumber industry
was suffering very much from this condition. We obtained from the
Railroad Commission's ofce information which enabled us to say, tilit
shippers from all over the State were complaining to the Commission
for lack of cars and asking the Commisuion to give them relief by com-
pelling the railroad companies to furnish cars. We showed that the
Railroad Commission had received a large number of these letters and
were still receiving them at the rate of three or four a week.
In justice to the Railroad Commission we take pleasure in saying that
PROMPT ATTENTION HAS BEEN GIVEN to all of these letters of
complaint. In each case the complainant has been advised and even
urged to make a specific complaint to the Railroad Commission, and
has been promised that if the complaint was presented In proper form,
backed bl the promise of the complainant to testify, that the Commis-
sion would summon the transportation company complained of to Tallt-
hassee to show cause why it should not be fined for not doing the work
of a common carrier.
But the shippers DO NOT PREFER THESa CHARGES IN SUCH
SHAPE THAT THd COMMISSION CAN ACT.
In private conversation with Individual members of the Commission
these shippers have given as their reason for not prosecuting their com-
plaints to enforce their rights that THEY ARE AFRAID THAT THE
RAILROAD WOULD GET MAD WITH THEM, and the conditions
would be even worse, and they would be discriminated against in va-
rious ways and subjected to such annoyance as would PRACTICALLY
PUT THEM OUT OF BUSINESS.
It was a very proper proceeding for the Railroad Commission to ad-
vise the shippers to complain to them, and the members of the Commis-
alon might be able to acquit themselves of the charge of NEGLECT OF
DUTY by showing that they had acted in this manner upon receipt MT
But the object of the Railroad Commission is TO AFFORD RELIEF
to the people from the indifference of the railroads to the rights of the
people. The Railroad Commission was created for the purpose of
DOING SOMETHING FOR THE PEOPLE, who are helpless In the
hands of these great corporations, because of their Inability to bring
about concert of action.
The Railroad Commission has advised the shippers to complain and
relief would be afforded them.
All well and good, but if the shippers, through fear of'being pun-
ished by the railroads, WILL NOT COMPLAIN, then it is clearly up to
the Railroad Commission TO TAKE THE INITIATIVE.
We believe that the law governing the Railroad Commission's actions
grants to its members a proper allowance for traveling expenses. We
buggeast, therefore, that the Commissioners go to Jacksonville in a body,
take the Secretary with them, and INVESTIGATE FOR THEMSELVE8
the conditions there. Let them spend whatever time may be necessary
to get a full knowledge of the oondltions, return to Tallahassee and
issue the necessary orders THAT WILL RELIEVE THE PEOPLE.
Some criticism has been passed on the Railroad Commissiopn on ac-
count of its seeminlg Inutillty. It has been eriticised because it has
NOT DONE ANYTHING. We do not belong to this class of critics. We
believe that the Railroad Commllson HAS done something; but we
believe that the opportunity is now afforded them, by informing them-
selves, by personal inspection, of the conditions at Jackseonville, and by
taking the initiative and acting promptly; TO DO MORE FOR THB
PEOPLE OF FLORIDA than has ever fallen to their lot to do.
The business of the 8tate IB PARALYZED on account of the conges-
tion of freight cars In Jacksonville and the conditions are getting worse
Railroad Commission is NOT A COURT In the ene that will excl de
its members from issuing an order to remedy conditions which they
KNOW TO BE BAD BY PERSONAL INSPECTION.
The Railroad Commission has some Judicial functions. It can flhl
for contempt; it can compel witnesses to testify. So also has the Legis.
lature some judicial functions. It has the same powers of compelling
witnesses and of fining for contempt. But the order of the Railroad
Commission is not binding, if resisted, until it has been passed ujion
by a court of competent jurisdiction.
Therefore it is entirely proper for the Railroad Commission to TAKE
THE INITIATIVE in this matter, and to act because of the Information
possessed by its members.
The very best way to decide what should be done, is by a personal
inspection of conditions.
The Caliph of Bagdad knew about the things that he had to regulate
because HE SAW THEM WITH HIS OWN YES8. So can the Railroad
Commission know about the paralysis of busneas ain Florida, due o10
the congested railroad terminals, by a personal inspection.
We repeat, that the object of the creation of the Railroad Comm,1.
slon was to AFFORD THE PEOPLE RELIEF.
If the relief can be afforded by acting on an appeal, the Railroad Comn.
mission will have performed its duty, but If this means falls, the Rail-
road Commission will not perform its FULL DUTY if it fails to adopt
any means possible to get the information and to afford the relief.
' I .,
, -w-M :
J Ii ,1
Good Service. Mr. Con mwma
Frank Clark has given promise of being able to perform a great
service to the State of Florida in Congress, by introducing a bill asking
for the diversion of some of the money in the U. B. Treasury devoted
the. irrigation of the arid lands of the West to draining the l ver-
This was a very praise-worthy act of Mr. Clark's and shows him
to be a public servant of the right kind, always ready to rve the
people and I n the forefront of such patriotic service.
We note with satisfaction also that the State press, particularlY
hose papers that have been bittend by the anti-draiage Rcrobet, have
heartily comm nd d Mr. Clark's efforts In behalf of this good cause.
It must be Pleasant for a public servant to read in the columns of
newspapers, devoted to the Interests of his costitueants .such warm
words of commendation and approval as have fallen to the lot of Mr.
We have not been laggards in our commendation of the acts of Mr.
Clark. Several times have we exprMesd our opinion of his work ll
The advice which we give to the Railroad Commlsaon may be con-
stred by some as bad advice on account of the position that the critic
may take that the Railroad Comomtson benag a court cannot be a wit-
r.e bdofrs that court as to facts.
We anticipate that critic and will reply to It by saying, that the
Saturday, June 30, 1906
Congress and before have we made the prediction that Mr. Clark will
make a good servant, which belief we still hold.
But being a gentleman of great breadth of mind and a man whose
soul Is possessed with a spirit of generosity and justice, Mr. Clark
will no.doubt Join with us in giving to Governor Broward the credit
that is due him as the originator of this idea of Government aid for
the drainage of the 'glades. Last February Gov. Broward wrote a
letter to each of Florida's representatives In the lower house of Con-
gress from this State, in which he used this language:
"I am Informed that a department has been organized as a division
or branch, controlled by Secretary Wilson, which department has
aided the people in the West and in other parts of the country in
drainage, reclaiming, etc. In fact I had a talk with Mr. Elllott of
that department, and have since received a letter from the Hon.
James Wilson on the subject of draining and reclaiming the Florida
Everglades, offering to do anything he could to aid the State in this
great enterprise It you will take up the matter of
appropriations with him, in any way that you deem best, it may prove
of great benefit to the State."
This letter was, duly acknowledged by the delegation..
And a study of Mr. Clarke's bill shows that he has embodied in it the
VERY IDEA that the Trustees put forth; that the land owners should
contribute, in the shape of an acreage tax, to the reclamation of this
vast and fertile area.
We are glad to see that Congressman Clark and Senator Mallory,
who has also introduced a resolution along this line,
thomslyes above taking a suggestion, even though It
humble a source as the Governor of their State.
do not consider
may be from so
One John A. Graham's Dceptm"
Last week we made a promise to print something definite about John
SA. Graham. We do not believe that the public will be Interested in a
long recital of Mr. Graham's doings. We will mention briefy, from
time to time, some of his more conspicuous acts of fraud and deceit.
Her is one.
Several years ago John Graham, by exercislaing his well known powers
of pursuason, succeeded In getting loans from the State Dank of Florida
in Jauomaviloe whleh finally amounted tom 10000. Graybe a
willing borrower, but ayer who always has to beor failed to take
cae o his notes and, theBank secured judgment against him. As
exention wa issued and placed in the haS f the Duval County
sherilL The sheriff was about to levy on some proportywhich appearfd
to e owned by Graham.
Graham again exercised his pursuasive powers and succeeded in geto
tins the DBa to withdraw the execution from the hands of the sheriff
and to advance him further sums upon security which he presented.
This second loan coming due, and Graham agin falling to pay, and an
investigation of the security proving its woirhlessuee, Graham was
forced to surrender to the Bank a life insurance policy of $15,000 ta
the Equitable Assurance Society, with the promise to keep the prema
lums paid up so as to protect the Bank. Graham promptly quit pay-
ing premiums, and for about ten years the President of the State Bank
.of Florida, Dr. John 0. L'Bngle, has been paying premiums on this
815,000 policy on Graham's life. '
The writer knows this because Dr. L'Bagle told him so. The occa-
sion for the telling was that Dr. L'Bngle last year neglected to pay the
premium and the policy was about to lapse, and It took a personal visit
of Dr. L'Engle to New York to have the policy reinstated. In referring
to the Graham matter Dr. L'Engle denounced Graham as a scoundrel
to the writer and added that if Bradford's pistbl hadn't missed fire he
would have got the money that Graham beat him out of.
This is one instance of Mr. Graham's deceit and If the facts herein
stated are disputed by any one whomsoever, they can be proven in a
court by placing Dr. LEngle on the stand and by supporting his testi-
mony with that of the former Equitable agents In Jacksonville, as well
as by applying to the Equitable office in New York for the record of th's
In the kindest manner in the world, merely to hint, Just to whisper a
faint suggestion, we say to the editor of the St. Augustine Record that
he had better attend to the business of his bosses and not go out of his
way to suspect the editor of this paper of improper conduct In being a
party to a substitution of L'Engle for Hilson as the deus ex machine
(The Record murdered the Latin, but we will let that pass) of the Tal-
When the editor of the St. Augustine Record printed the paragraph
containing this improper suggestion, he knew the implication was un-
Just, because, in a personal conversation with the Superintedent of the
Record Company, the editor of this paper Informed him exactly how he
secured control of the Capital Publishing Co.
If there is one editor in this State living in a glass house it is the
editor of the St. Augustine Record. We pass over this little pebble he
has flipped at us, with the warning that he had better stop with the
first cast, because, if he ever repeats It, we will be certain to present
him with a brick house one brick at a time.
Xuch Croaking--..Lftle Impression.
One of the favorite anecdotes of stump speakers is the story of the
farmer and the frog legs, which runs something like this-
A certain farmer in bringing his produce to town had to pass by a
pond and his ears were assailed by the full throated croaklngs of bull
frogs. For several years he made his weekly journey and had his at-
tention directed to the pond. One day he made up his mind that hie
might as well get some extra spending money, so he went around town
all that day and took orders for frog legs. He would offer frog legs
for sale and when the prospective purchaser would give him an order-
for half a dosen pairs he would try to induce him to multiply the order.
by ten. In answer to inquiries as to how many frog less he though
he could furnish he replied without hesitation, "thousands of 'em." By
working hard all day he took orders for 800 pairs of frog less to be de-
livered the following Saturday. That farmer didn't come to town for
three weeks and the people who had been whetting their appetites in
anticipation of the frog leg feast were busy with inquiries for the miss*
Ing farmer. The fourth week he came into town with a small bucket
in his hand and going to the first customer from whom he had received
an order, delivered to him three pairs of frog less. To the disappoint-
ed customer who upbraided him for delivering only three pairs when he
had ordered six he said: "I spent the las' three weeks searching' that
pond. I would have sworn, by the noise they made, that there was at
least a million bull frogs in that pond, but I've gone over ever' foot of
It and THREE LONE BULL FROGS is all I kin find."
We have been silent on the Everglades drainage proposition for some
little time, because, although the nose made by the opposition papers
shows no sign of diminution, a careful watch of the State press falls to
disclose more than A SMALL SPRINICLING of newspapers who are
keeping up the agitation against drainage.
Like the three bull frogs In the pond this small number is keeping
up a mighty racket and by constant repetition and reproduction of arti-
cles one from another, have made it appear that there was some opposi-
tion to it. We fall to see that any headway has been made in molding
public sentiment against drainage. The reason we have been silent
about drainage so long is that we have been looking for the opposition
to spring something new, BUT WB HAVE LOOKED IN VAIN. The
same old arguments are rehashed and revamped and clothed in new
language and preeentedas new, but the arguments are not new.
We desire to again declare our position on the drainage qusaution. We
think that the present Board of Trustes CAN DO NO LIUS THAN to
make all the effort possible to drain the Bversglades. They were eleotd
cn this platform and the PRIMARY OBJECT of the creation of the
Board of Trntese wuas TO DRAIN AND RECLAIM THU UVBROLADBU.
We are opposed to the advance collection of the drainage tax because,
although we do not deny the Justice of levying a special tax on lanads
that are to be specially benefitted by a great public Improvement, we do
not belisye that It Is proper to levy the tax UNTIL THE DUNUViT HAS
ACCRUED. After the Trustee have drained the Uverglades and have
BlNPIITTUD THE LANDS then it would be entirely right and proper
to levy the tax.
We do not think, however, that opposition to drainage should be un-
fair. We do not approve of the methods used by thoee who have been
Writing against it in DISTORTING PACTS and presanting cnclualouas
not warranted by the facts.
the most flagrant instanea of this appeared lat week when a sale of
S,000 acres.of land was held up to the pubUe as a seadal. We
eat the fao tIn this e, i this IMe, and we desire to all attea
to the letter from Capt. F. A. SHedry onf dra ai thM o in se, whil
eo Marly reects our sentoinets that we bould have presnted It as a
editorial with ver little change.
Jane 30, 1906
W. W. JACOBS
(Copyright 1*0 by W. W. Jaobs.)
"Ortltodel" said the 1Wht wt I
smao, with a bard laugh. "DWIf De
talk to me about gratoode: mre sa
too muh of it. If people wot rve
helped In my timn 'd4 oly dae artd
their doot-Srf, mind yo7-I shouW
be riding Is my carrge
Forgetful of the lmaltations of sap.
boxee he attempted to lumtm hIs
remark by lolling, sad y est
over backwards. Recoverlog ai lf
by an efout he ased sternly aesms
the river and smoked fiercely. It was
evident that be was brooding over as
'Arry Thomaos was one of them, he
said, at last. For over six moath I
wrote all is love-leters for b=m, 'e
being na iggernerant sort of man and
only bengs able to do the kisses a the
end, which he always mslted ona dolM
'iselft, being Jealous. Only hre
weeks after he was married 'o eome
up to where I was standing one day
and set about me without saying a
word. r was a singleman at the time
and I didn't understand It. My Idea
was that he 'ad gone mad, and, being
pretty artful and always 'aving a hor-
ror of mad people, I let 'ln chase me
Into a pollcestatlon. Leastways. I
would ha' let 'im. but he didn't come,
and I all but got fourteen days for be-
ing drunk and disorderly.
Then there was Bill Clark. He 'ad
been keeping company with a gal and
got tired of It and to oblige 'in I went
to her and told 'or he was a married
man with five children. Bill was as
pleased as Punch at fut, but as sMou
as she took up with another chap he
came round to see me and said as I'd
ruined his life. We 'ad words about
It-naturally-and I did ruin It then
to the extentof a couple o ribs. I
went to see '1Im n the horsepittle-4
place I've always been fond of-and
the langwidge he used to me was sc
bad that thy sent for the Sister to
That's ony two out of doses 1
could name. Art the unpleasatnesi
In my life 'av come out of doing kind
nesses to people. and all the grMa
toode I've 'ad for it I could put In a
plnt-pot with a pint o' beer already
The only case o' ral gratitoode
ever heard of happenedd to a shipmate
o' mine-a young chap named Bol
Evans. Coming home from Aucklaa
In a barque called the Dragon Fly h
fell overboard, and another cha
named George Crofts. one oW the bea
swimmers I ever knew, went ove
board arter 'In and saved his life.
We was hardly moving at the time
and the se was like a duck pond, ba
to 'ear Bob Bvans talk you'd hi
thought that George Crofts was th
bravest'arted chap that evr lived
He 'adnt liked him afore, same as th
rest of us, George being a sly, mee
sort o' chap; but arter George 'a
saved his life '* couldn't praise 'I
enough. He sld that so long a h
'ad a crust George should share It, an
wotever George asked In he should
The unfortat part of It was th
George took ilm at his word. and a
the rest of the v'y' he sated
though Bob beloged to ', sad
th* time we got Into the Lendon rive
Bob couldn't call his soul 'Is ow
He used to take a room when he wa
ashore and live very steady, as wi
saving up to get married, and as soo
as he found thaout o George Invlte
himselff to stay with him.
"It won't cost you a bit more."
sees, "not If you work t properly."
Bob didn't work it properly, bi
George having saved his life, as
never letting 'Im forget It he didi
like to tell him so. He thought he'
let 'm see gradual that he'd got to I
careful because of 'is gal, and the fui
evening they were ashore 'e took t
along with 'la there to tea.
Gerty Mitehell-that was the gal
name-' adn't beard of Bob's acldea
and who she did she gave a litt
setan, ad pInNi% or erms rMnd
hb. uedibepa to kin is right II
freot of Geou sai her nether.
"You dam give bl one too,"
ee Mrs. st polatlg to George.
Georg wiped e I oeth on the back
of his 'ad. bt GortyM pretended of
"Twacy if ty'd bees drowned!" she
sem, bugging 8 ob ag.
"He was pretty sear," s George,
shaking his 'ad. "'m a pmore wim
awr, but I made up my amid either to
sare la or ela go down to a watery
He wiped his mouth a the back of
beis 'and agl, but all the notlee Gerty
took of It was to seed her young
brother Ted out for some beer. Then
they all 'ad supper together, and
Mrs. Mitchell drank good luck to
George In a glass o beer, sad mid she
hopedd that 'or own boy would pow up
like him. "Let In grow up a good
and brave man, fast's all I ask," she
sea, "I dont care about Is looks."
"He hight have both," see George,
sharplke. "Why not?"
MrU. Mlthebl said she supposed he
might, and then she cuffed Ted's ears
for making a "ade while 'e was eating
and then cufed la again for saying
that he'd olshded Is supper five ain-
George and Bob walked 'ome togeth-
er, and all t Way there George said
Swat a pretty gal Gerty was and 'ow
lucky it was for Bob that he hadn'tt
been drowned. He went round to
teo with 1m the next day to Mrs.
Mitchell's, and carter tea, when Bob
and Gerty said they was going out to
Spend the evening together, got
Is 'lmself asked too.
I They took a tram-ar and went to
) a music-hall, and Bob paid for the
Three of 'em. George never seemed
seemed to think of putting his 'and In
I his pocket, and even after the music
i hall, when they all went into a shop
and 'ad stewed eels, he let Bob pay.
As I said afore, Bob Bvans was
a ebook-full of gratefulness, and it
F seemed only fair that he shouldn't
Grumble at spending a little over the
1 ma wot 'ad risked 's life to save his;
e but wet with keeping George at 'is
b room, and paying for 'm every timn
a they went out, he was spending a lot
more money than 'e could afford.
r "You're o'y young once, Bob.'
George sad to h1when'e made a re
mark one qrteoon. as to the fas
Sway his money was going, "and If i
It hadn't ha' been for me you'd never:
*ave lived to grow old."
e Wet with spending the money and
L always 'aving George with them whei
e they went git, It wasn't long afor
a Bob and Gety 'ad a quarrel. "I don'
d like a pore-spited man," she sea
n "Two s company and three' none, and
e besides, why cant he pay for Imself
d He's big enough. Why should yov
d spend your money on 'I? He never
pays a farthing."
it Bob explained that he couldn't sa
Anything because 'e owed his life t
w George, but'e Imght as well 'ave tall
T ed to a lamp-pot. The more be a
r gued the more angry Gety got, ha
a* at last she sea, "TwQ's company an
s three'e none, and if you aad me can'
g go out without George Croft, the
me and Ia '11 go out without you."
1 She was as good as her word, to(
and the net alight while Bob'ad gon
e out to get some 'bases, she weot e
Alone with George. It was ten o'clock
t afore they came back agn, and Gei
t ty's eyes were all shiningal and 'e
'* cheeks as pink as roses. She shut '
o mother up like a concertina the m,
t met she begantofd fault with 'e
a and at supper she eat next to Georm
and laughed Ma everything 'e said.
's George and Bob walked all the wa
t, 'ome carter supper without saying
le word, but after they got to their roo
George took a side look at Bob, and w
then he see, suddenlike, "Look '0re! B
Ssawed your life, didn't It" .
"You did," seo Bob, "and I thank
you for t."
"I saved your life, se George again, P
very solemn. "If it hadn't been for a
mes you couldn't ha' married any.
"that's true," ses Bob. d
"Me and Gerty 'ave been having a d
talk," ses George, bending down to
undo his boots. "We've been getting
on very well together; you can't 'elp 2
your feelings, and the long and the a
short of It Is, the pore gal has fallen i
In love with me." I
Bob didn't say a word.
'If you look at it this way it's fair
enough," ses George. "I gave you M
your life and you give me your gaL.
We're quits now. You don't owe me
anything and I don't owe you any- .e
thing. That's the way Gerty puts It, W
and she told me to tell you so." #
"If-If she don't want me I'm agree.
able," see Bob, in a choking voice.
"Well call It quits, and next time I
tumble overboard I 'ope you won't be I
He took Gerty's photograph out of 4
'is box and handed it to George. ,
"You've got more right to It now than
wot I 'ave," he see. "I shan't go
round there any more; I shall look out e
for a ship tomorrow." I
George Crofts said that perhaps it C
was the best thing he could do, and 'e
asked 'm In a offhand sort o' way 'ow
long the room was paid up for.
Mrs. Mitchell 'ad a few words to 1
say about It next day, but Gerty told b
'or to save 'or breath for walking up-
stairs. The on'y thing that George '
Sdidn't like when they went out was j
I that young Ted was with them, but '
I Gerty said she preferred It till she
knew 'im better; and she 'ad so much
Sto say about his noble behaviour in
saving life that George gave way.
They went out looking at the shops,
George thinking that that was the
Scheapest way of spending an evening,
and they were as happy as possible
I till Gerty saw a brooch she liked so
much In a window that he couldn't
get 'or away.
I "It is a beauty," she sea. "I don't
t know when I've seen a brooch I liked
better. Look here! Let's all guess
the price and then go in and see who's
t hey 'ad their guesses, and then
t they went in and asked, and as soon
as Gorty found that it was only three.
pand-sxpence she began to feel in her
d pocket for 'er purse Just like your
wife does when you go out with 'er,
a knowing all the time that it's on the
t manoteplece with twopence-ha'penny
and a ough lobengs In t
S. I must ha' levt It at 'ome," she sea,
1 looking at George.
V "JNst wot I've done." os George,
carter patting 'is pockets.
r Gerty bit 'er lips and, for a minute
Sor two. be civil to George she could
o not. Then she gave a little smile and
S. took sL amN al, and they walked on
k. talking and laughing till she turned
d round of a sudden and asked a big
d chap as was passles wot 'e wa shov.
lore s for.
t .Shovinrr yo?" ses he. "Wot do you
Sthink I want to shove you for?"
Don't you talk to me," ses Gerty,
e firing up. "Georse, make 'Im beg
o my pardon."
f "You ought to be more careful," sesa
k George. in a gentle sort o' way.
r Make 'in beg my pardon," ses
r erty a fingerer foot; "If he don't,
r knock 'm down."
"Yes. knock 'is down." ses the big
r. man, taking hold o' George's cap and
e rumpllin his 'air.
Pore George, who was never much
y good with his fists, ht 'in In thq
a chet, and the next moment- he wa
m on 'las back in the middle o the rwu
wondering wot bad 'wpeoed to 'im.
y the time 'e got up the other man
ase r a mile away; and young Ted
topped up aad wiped Ila down with
pookeanAdkerohlef while Gorty ex-
laded to 0 'ow hde saw 'im slip on
piece o' banana poeeL
wt'e 'ard lUne," se se, "but never
ind, you frightened I away, and I
oust wonder at it You do look terrl.
le when you're angry, George; I
didn't know yoL."
She praised 'la all the way 'ome,
ad if it hadn'tt been for his mouth
Od nose George would 'ave enjoyed
t more than 'e did. She told 'er
mother how had flown at a big
Man wot 'ad Insulted her, and Mrs.
IMahell shook her 'ead at 'im and
.ml hle bold spirit would lead '1m
nto trouble afore he 'ad done.
They didn't seem to be able to make
enough of 'i, and next day when he
west round Gerty was so upset at the
light of 'is brullse that he thought
she was going to cry. Whem he had
ad his tea he gave 'Im a cigar she
had bought for 'in herself, and when
he 'ad finished smoking It she smiled
it him, and said that she was going
o take 'im out for a pleasant evening
o try and make up to 'lm for wot he
ad suffered for 'or.
"We're all going to stand treat to
each other," she ses. "Bob always
would Insist on paying for everything,
but I like to feel a bit independent.
Give and take-that's the way I like
to do things."
"There's nothing, like being Inde-
pendent," ses George. "Bob ought to
ha' known that"
"l'am sure It's the best plan," sea
Gerty. "Now, get your 'at on. We're
Ring to a theater, and Ted hall pay
the 'bus fares.."
George wanted to ask about the
theater, but 'e didn't like to, and
carter Gerty was dreamed they west
out and Ted paid the 'bu fares like
"Here you are ," ss Gerty, as the
'bus stopped outside the theater.
'Hurry up an get the tickets; ask for
three upper circles."
She bustled George up to the pay
place, and as soon as she 'ad picked
out the seats she grabbed 'old of the
tickets and told George to make haste.
'Twelve shillings it is," see the
man. as Georpge put down art a crown.
"Twelve?" geo George, beginning to
stammer. "Twelve? Twelve? Twel
"Twelve shillings," see the man;
"three upper circle you've 'ad."
George was going to fetch Gerty
back and 'ave cheaper seats, but she
'ad gone inside with young Ted, and
at last, carter making an awful fuss,
he paid the rest o' the money and
rushed In arter her, 'art oray at the
Idea o' spending so much moaey.
"Make 'ate," s M Ge1ty, afore he
could say anything; "the band 'as
She started running upstairs, san
she was so excited that, when they
got their ants and Gerge Mtated
complaining about the price, she
didn't pay any attention to wot he
wae saying, but kept pointing out
ladles' dresses to 'm nla wspes and
wondering wot they 'ad paid tor them.
George gave It up at last, and the he
at wondering whether he 'ad done
right arter all sto taking Bob's gal
away from him.
Gerty enjoyed It very much, but
when the curtain came down after the
first acset she leaned back in her chair
and looked up at George and add she
felt faint and thought she'd like to
'ave an le-ream. 'And you 'ave one
too, dear," she see, when young Ted
'ad got up and beoeoued to the gpl
"and Ted 'ud like onu too, I'm ure."
She put her 'eal on George's'should-
er and looked up at 'la. Then she
(Continued on Pae PFourteen.).
,.,." .' L. <4, '* '+".,
London-Fourteen classes, or
grades, of female servants grace the
household of toe rich Englishwoman
blessed w,.h a family. First, the
lady's companion; second, compan-
ipe-housekeeper; third, the gover-
Aess-companion; fourth, the finishing
governess, fifth, the governess; sixth,
the nursery-soverness; seventh, the
nurse; eighth, the second nurse;
ninth, the mother's-help; tenth, the
cook; eleventh, the lady's maid;
twelfth, the parlor maid; thirteenth,
the housemaid; fourteenth, the kitch-
en naid. Cook's assistants not
The lady's companion has the high-
est rank ijn the household after the
master and mistress-she is "almost
a lady herself," and in some houses
Is permitted to use all the articles of
toilette. As a rule, she dresses in
accordance with her mistress' ele-
gance and means, but if Milady hap-
pens to be a dowd, her "companion"
generally manages to be "the pink of
perfection." 'lhe lady's companion is
an educated woman and must under-
stand the art of making: conversa-
tion; in many great houses, particu-
larly where the lady suffers from ill-
ness, the lady's companion is expect-
ed to entertain the guests and treat
them as her own-in short it looks,
on the surface, as If she could do as
she pleased. But observing persons
will notice that, in her heart of
hearts, the lady's companion is but
the echo of ner lady. Her taste In
dress, her political, social, literary,
nny sort of opinions are modelled af-
ter her employer's: Like tie latter,
sho is indolent or active, a church-
goer or a free thinker.
The lady's companion is never or-
dered about, never upbraided. The
lady has but "if you pleases" for her,
and thanks her for the slightest ser-
vice. Who 13 the grealue, 4:!ploma4 are likewise almost Identical. Their stances, to become a companion-
the lady or the lI.dy's conpannion, as ch:ef business Is to make "ladles" housekeeper, lady's companion or fin-
a pussle, out of the young persons entrusted Ishing-companlon one must have, as
While the lady's companion tas, ** to their care, to teach them good a rule, a patroness or high lord pro..
so, admitted to the salon and to v a, anners, keep them out of miaelet. ttator. Besides elegant manners, a
table in her mistress' and 0o 1' e fnlashing-governess is generally knowledge of polite society and con-
houses, the companion-housekeeuir the teacher and friend, the company siderable education is wanted.
Is not. Whether she be tolerated to Inn-governess the comrade and play- .In the majority of cases the lot of
society depends, as a rulde upon rp isSte, but tne latter, too, must be the governess is not a happy one, but
master's or her mistress' indi~'lduim d ,e to keep the young ladles at their a great many young women aspire to
likes or dislikes and be aown adapT trsons. It with all their heart because they
ability. There are almost as maqy gover- would hate to be classed with the ser-
The "governess-mwnpanJon" is at eases in England as there are nur- vants. Yet a capable nurse has a
mitted to the parlor and at tahe on'ay v y malds tIn the United States. The mdch better position in the houde-
if her charges are. w 4ie, her iolde wvuorness is the youngsters' primary hold than the governesa-also more
agrl pipil turned 14, thu Mital (nogj I scher, but she has nothing to do work to do. And because she tends
8o may aspire to rub elbows -.,iM. wjtt, the bringing up of the children. to the children they often love her
real lords anl1 ladteu oulaide the tenr Iither the mother or the nurse looks as a mother. Indeed I heard It said
Ily clrole. to that. The governess enforces the that the children of great English
The "finishing-governess" rants rules laid down by those higher up, ladles "admire their mother, but
Just after tho person above referred but has not much discretion herself. "love" their nurse." Even the sec-
to, and Is even less entitled to recog- In the school room, however, she is ond nurse is nearer to the heart of
nition by society than the othet. absolute mistress and no "mamma the little ones than the governess.
The 'governess" heads the list of allowed It" or "nurse forbade It" are Of course, she gives the children
second class servants. Nearest to permisable. With the physical well their meals, sews their dresses, and
her in rank are the "nursery gover- being of her charges she has, how. little children think primarily of
ness" and the "nurse." Then follow ever, nothing to do. Itf she bothered their stomach and outward appear-
the second nurse and the mother's- about that "..he would sink to the ance.
help. level of the nursery-governess." "Mother's help" divides with nurse
The cook, 'hu lady's maid, parlor Unlike in tue continental coun- and second nurse the little one's
maid, housemaid and kitchen maid tries, persons do not require a teach- love. If Geraldine or Violet are good
are servants of the third class. er's certificate to act as educator in "mother's help" will allow them o10
In leading tlnglish households, Great Britain. Hence German, play with baby, for "mother's help"
such as that of Lord Lonxdale, for in- French. Belgian, etc., young women has complete charge of the youngest
stance, all 14 grades of female ser- of good education readily find post-. In the family.
vants are represented, the servants tions of governesses in England. At But the governess! From her the
of the first class, and also those-of the present time, though, the gover- children hear nothing but "Learn,
the second, sometimes being fixtures. ness market is flooded with appli- study, learn." There is time for
Tn other houses a romnanion-hou.s,- cants. Your correspondent was told play only when she herself is tired.
keeper sometimes fills the place ef by an English lady who advertised "And she Isn't a lady, either," I often
lady's-companion and companion- that she received over 200 answers, heard children say. "Wears mam-
governess that of finishing-governess, two-thirds of which cathe from for- ma's old shoes and hats, and when
for since the duties are almost Iden- designers mama has visitors she must not
tical they are liable to clash in all A tour of the "homes for unem- come In." Poor governess.
but very large houses. Both the played governesses" showed that all The cook, lady's-maid, and parlor-
lady's-companion and companion- of them are filled to the garret, whilo maid are all much better off than tho
boniikeeper must be able to "repre- the employment agencies tre overrun governess. They have an assured
sent" her mistress and entertain hor by candidates, who readily risk their position, they don't Aspire to any-
mistress' guests. last few shillings for recording fees. thing beyond their reach, and are
The duties of the companion-gov- To obtain a place as governess, 's well paid Into the bargain.
erness and the finishing-governess "luck" under the present circum- VERE CAREWE.
the SUN shines on you, you
The BUN fires the proud tops of
the pines and darts its light through
every guilty hole.-Shakespeare.
The SUN, reflecting upon the
need of streams and shores, is un-
spoted in its beams.-Jerefny Taylor.
The SUN Is all about the world we
see, the breath and strength of every
Though the SUN scorches us some-
times and gives us the headache, we
do not refuse to acknowledge that we
stand in need of its shining.-Philip
Of the making of new magasines,
especially of the dollar brand, there
is no end. And once in a while the
farmer comes In for his share. The
latest aspirant for his favor that has
come under my observation sl
"Amerlean Farming," an illustrated
magazine of high tone (also half
tones) Issued by Doubleday, Page &
Co. of New Yora cit.,. It la essen-
tially amagasine for Northern and
Pastern circulation, but It may be. as
time goes by, the South ill receive
some attention at the hands of its
editors. Its publishers say it is to be?
a magazine of the highest class de-
voted to farming." There is no ques-
tion as to the able articles printed
In the Initial number.
Seven years ago there was not a
beet sugar factory In Colorado; now
there are twelve, and the State is
eclipsed onl y Michigan, which bns
seventeen. In all there are fifty-
three factories, the existence of
which are placed In peril by the ac-
tinn of Congress relative to the ad.
mission of sugar from th% Philip-
pinPe. A director In one of the Conl-
orado companies recently declared
that with five years not a be-'t
itgar factory would be In operation.
The effect on cane sugar is also like-
ly to be disadvantageous.
Florida's rice crop for 106S from
2.780 acres yielded 28 bushelq per
acre at an average price of one dol-
lar a bushel. But this Is, of course.
only the amount that inters Into the
channels of trade, for more than
1.000 acres than are credited the
State In the U. S. Department report
were in rice In 1908; to be exact
3.854 was the amount; thus showinot
that a large quantity is cleaned B1t
hand and consumed at home. This
Is also the case in the states of Ala-
bama, Mississippi and Arkansas.
Fertillers and Gmarantees.
The report of the State Chemist of
Florida for 1905, has in It some
inta: sAting Information regarding
fertilizers manufactured in Flor-
14 and e.oewhere. The speci-
mens analysed were In all cases
taken direct from the consumer. thus
eliminating any possible collusion be.
tween the offiiefls of the chemistry
department and the fertllizse manu-
Under the law every Package of
.eninercial fertilizer must have a tag
attcheed, with the guarantee analysis
printed thereon, and the Sheriffs of
the counties are required to assist in
maintaining the law and protecting
the eltisens of the ftste from the Im.
portion of fraudulent, inferior or
deficient commercial fertilizers."
Looking over the report It is grati-
fying to find that, in the case of
home made fertilizers the manufac-
trers are generally up to standard
of guarantees. There are some in-
stannes, however, where the per ceqt.
flls far below the guarantee when
compared with the official one and we
eite a few cases,. selecting only those
of Florldt manufactures, except one,
that of Maps, as this lais extensively
used In the State. Only tree kinds
are anpended as space is limited and'
peoples of the report can. no doubt,
he obtained by readers of the SUN by
nddri'.tnr R. D. Rose, State Chem-
Ist. Tallabaoaee. Fla.
Tamin Fertilizer Co: Berry-
Atore In phosphoric acld and ammo-
nia, below toIn potash. Orange, slisht-
ly nhovoe In 1l three ingredients.
PinnnrimP. aove In t whosm ort acid,
below In aiftonla and 100 per sent.
hi"fe*r h potash.
Florldt yertiler Co: Vegeta-
bil t-4llitly &bose to phosphoric
lw bI1 is II almonia and exact as
tjoti0. Orsa,0 80 per cent.
At e In to e fi L 40 above In the
g0oond and IMiiljy under Irade In
,mtqash. No t emirpple fertilizer ana-
lysed: probably airA made asa the ied-
Ing brands are S' the kind used by
Wilson i it.ser: Vegetable-
12 per cet, L is uitarntee In phos-
phorte .clt below In ammo-
naR I M T above In notash.
PSee*W ,I s,( Ofand Vine-Slightly
0' .0 ', 0*** 0,grilent". Pine-
pn.le.. 1T Per cent.,
and pr wP'se the guarantee.1
0. c(b. Vegetable--
Slightly a F 1jihosohorle acid. 40
per cent. a.-fe uin ammonia. and 80
PNr P',nk. ala 4J vn w~ta3h. Orange--
Flightlv b,01tIv In foe first and from
40 to 45 iper e.t. above In ammonia
and potasMh Ineasple--Iboehorio
acid not ifvoe fn tage, but std lat.
1.55 available, 10 per cent. above In
ammonia and 13 per cent. In potash.
Armour's Fertililer Works: Vege-
tables-S. below In acid, 6 above It
ammonia, 7 above in potash. Special
'Aree, 12 per cent. above In acid, 8 in
ammonia and 4 below In potash.
Pineapple not given, but Fruit and
Vine are stated as follow: 10 per
cent. above in soid. 0 In ammonia
and at guarantee In potash.
Mapes: Vegetable--16 per cent.
above In phosphoricsol acid, below in
ammonia and 60 above In potash, the
guarantee being 4.00 and the offcetal
analysts 5.98. Orange-18 per cent.
above n asoid, 6 above in ammonia
and 10 above in potash. Pineapple,
10 per cent. above ina acid, above itn
ammonia and I below In potash.
The figures above are gives for the
benefit of the many thousand rural
readers of THE BUN as we donot
know how many copies of the Chem-
lst's report are available on request
and it may be that every one could
not be supplied.
Socialst Sent Prtbe Fwd to News-
paper, PoolImg Proice.
Berlln-The political pollee cug.1
a tartar when it paid a Socialist 300
marks to furnish It with secret news
of the party The supposed bribe
taker turned the money over to he
"Vorwarts," the great Bocialist 7daly.
which announces that the political
police may call for the money at ts
To Clubbing Osffer Page add
Bpyansa Conmoner one yesm idt sud
$B.50 for AP Sem .0 f to Time
bommoeer aId THBM UN, both owo
A Florida registered
t, preferably unmarried.
., eare The Sun, Tlasl-
. 4 -
What's Agitating People This Days,
That portion of the Rate Bill which relates to
passes has been the subject of perhaps more
discussion than any other clause In the bill.
Very one who has ever used a railroad pass or
who had hoped or expected to be the recipient of
such favors from a railroad, is interested In this
. phase of the questlon. tHre's what the Louisville
CourierJTournal on the subject:
"Among those popularly supposed to be greatly
interested in free passes, which the rate-making
bill proposes to abolish are iowspaper men. It is
quite true that the newspapers, as a rule, give
in advertising, under one arrangement or another,
a .full equivalent for all the transportation which'
they get from the roads. In many cases they give
a great deal more. Still the employee of news-
papers have to a large extent enjoyed free trans-
portation for many years, and they will be more
or less affected by its withdrawal. So far as we
.have observed, this has made no particular differ-
ence In the attitude of newspapers toward the
Rate Bill. They have advocated or opposed it on
other grounds, and the heartiest opposition was
manifested before the anti-pass amendment was
The National Editorial Assealation has been in
session at Indianapol's this week. A motion was
introduced to petition Congress to amend the
Rate Bill so as to exempt newspapers from the
operation of the anti-pass clause. After consid-
erable discussion, a motion was made to lay the
resolution on the table. The motion to lay on the
table was adopted, and the association thus took
I U ththe mr-
LtWor d*mmF l t to the
sho r asM well a to the plain
people generaly.I II
ground in favor of the abolition of interstate
passes to themselves. '
"The campaign against passes is founded on
various consideration. The most numerous class
of opponents are ,pehaps affected by the belief
that those who pay, for their transportation have
also to pay for those who are carried free. If the
latter were required to pay their fare, they argue
that those who do not get passes could be trans-
ported at much lower rates. To a large extent
this assumption is perhaps unfounded. The men
whose passes are cut off will not, universally or
generally, pay their way. The most of them will
remain at home. The amount that the railroad
will save, therefore, by refusing passes is greatly
exaggerated. There are occasions, of course,
where special trains or special cars are run free,
which are expensive to the roads, and this ex-
pense will be spared if the law be obeyed. But
a large part of the men who hold passes travel on
regular trains, instead of staying at home or goinr
elsewhere. Some of those who have hertofore got
passes will be compelled to travel, and so will
have to pay, but the majority will not go.' The
roads will be somewhat benefitted, perhaps, but
not to the extent expected. A reduction of pas-
senger fares will hardly result from the abolition
of passes-at any rate, not in many cases.
The giving of passes to Congressmen, legisla-
tors and others in public employment has been
very extensively censured, on the ground that it
creates a bias in favor of the roads. It is quite
true that some of the most intense supporters of
'I esteem Ridpath's History
of the World of very great
value, and hope It wil find a
place generally In the libraries
of our schools as well u upon
the shelves of readers In every
walk of life. Jlerea avls
PnN IN ONw IlMs b lmiier of It, ealest PaleaUIn
Ridpath's History of the World
9 Massive Royal Octavo Volumes 4,000 double-column pages,
2,000 superb Illustrations. Brand new, latest edition down to
date, beautifully bound in half Morocco. Wlihl h6 PuMtns.
AT LESS THAN EVEN DAMAGED SETS WERE EVER SOLD
.We wll,ame our proe only in dreat I lef to those sending us the aupwo below. Tear of In Osupr,
Wis= otm i, ma i S M ew b Imtels Ip itw
Dr. Ridpa=th I dead, his work Is done, but his family derive an income from his History, and to iunt
orwprtrimsl for the sake of more quickly selling these few sete, would cause paut Ihlury to future mis*I
S io takes you back to the dawn of history, log before
a Pyramid of e I blt down tWrouh the roman.
Troubled ra ( lde gradeur and syria's mag.-
atsneoes of brlonla's weal; anM d tuxry I of Greek and
Roman send of Mohmmedan ulture and nnelfat of
French eleanOe and B=ti"sh power, to the rio of the Weter
He throws the mantle of persnallty over the old heroes of
history. Alexander Is th atriot warrior statesman. dp
lomat-a"Ding the glory of Grecian histo.
1 ry. Xerxes from his mountain platform sees
Themlstocles, with three hundred and fifty
Greek ships, mah his Persian fleet of over a
thousand sally and help to mould the language
operbh Nero upon the greatest there on
earth, and so sets up a poor madman's name
to stand for countless centuries as mnonm
of savage eruslty. Napoleon ghts Wsterloo
agan under yourvery ee. and reels before
the faset that at last the end of his gilded
Pam. dis rM me. B tamek Is (hern-gu,
o bearing a atpgLhe'l md at
SWashges are to al
pave thoughtful. poof agast r, i
at and the psoned darts of talse friends; clearseeing
over theead o his fellowr.eountrymen, and on into another
century, the most colossal world-figure of his titne.
He covers $nm %w e S% V Uns, and holds you
spellbound bly his won loqen. Nothing more inter.
et abrbiand Inspiring was ever written by man.
t should begin your home. It Is work that you will
value as long as you live and read over and over again.
USIS Mrlim*ase w LmNe O&a Mi. 4ed emes Tos
r NL MMr. TU MfT. M AM M MAL
W tep Mep A eeIk Mail coupon Today--4.28a
I. Dearborn Street, Chicageo.
Please mail, without cost to me. Ridpath Sample Pages
and full partIlWars, as offered in the Jacksonville Sun.
-N am e ........................................................ ...................
A d .................................
When you sen4 il this blank, plema notif, by posa,
The $tin. Tallihassee ,YI '. ,
rate making have been heretofore favored by the
roads, and have gone about with their poclwt,
full of free passes. While it is admitted that free
transportation has not bribed them, there is a
disposition in the popular mind to see public of
ficials independent, and it Is argued that they
would be more free from bias If they were not
under obligations to those who give passes.
" The action of the National Educational Asso.
elation was doubtless largely controlled by the
(Continued on Page 18.)
Y ES, IT WRITES underneath the
platen, called "blind writer" and
"out-of-date"-but that doesn't
If you had a well of fine water and
couldn't get it out, you'd want a pump.
Now, if ten different kinds of pumps
were offered and you could try them
all, wouldn't you choose the one that
would bring up the most water with
the least effort, quickly? It's the water
you want; you wouldn't care whether
the pump had a crooked handle or a
You have writing to do, that's why
you need a typewriter. Of course, you
can still write with a pen or pencil,
and so can water be brought up by a
bucket and chain; but few do it that
way Any more-time is too valuable.
A pump, then, is valuable for the
water it will bring up; a mill, for the
grain it will grind; and a typewriter,
for the writing it will produce. It
doesn't make any difference whether
the typewriter is visible, or whether
its writing is in sight or underneath
the platen; whether it's an old-timer
or a new-comer. What you want is
the typewriter that will turn out the
most good work in the shortest time
with the least effort, and keep on doing
it year in and year out-it's the results
Any salesman can say his Is the
"best" typewriter; the copyright has
run out on "best." But the
will turn out more good, clean-cut work of ali
kinds in a given time than is possible on any
other typewriterbuilt. More still, do it with
less effort, and continue to do It longer.
Other typewriters may be represented to be
the fastest, but they're not. If they were, the
Fay-Sholes wouldn't have won fifteen times
cut of sixteen in public contests.
These things are all history, and history
records facts. The Fay4 eles won because
it is the fastest and easiest machine to oper-
ate and can be depended upon.
All we ask of you Is to give one of our sales-
men fifteen minutes of your time, if you are ina
or near any important city to explain how a
Pay-Pholes Typewriter wil pay for Itself In
your office in from twelve to eighteen months,
and satisfy you and your stenogapher with
ample proof by furnishing a Farybels for a
Ten Days' Free Test on your work in your
office; after which, If you're not thoroughly
convinced that the Fay- Sholes does
that we claim it will | do, our man will to
at our expense.
ed where we have
no selling agen-
with as muc sat
isfaction as if
June 30, p.O6
T .YIV -
June 30, 1906
WhAt's Agitating the
SPeople These Days
(0Ontinued from preceding page. even he must be surprised and en-
o t. ecouraged by the confidence with which
coidd40ation, that newspaper men mn Of experience, both In air and
ei s 0onsult their private li arctic voyages, look forward to his
0coilI tl discussion of mat. success, in whole or In part.
t606 public interest. Ac- "It is not six months since the an.
^if est was made to nouncement of the Wellman-Reord.
C06 t M .t the press from a Herald expedition was first made. "By
g904 iang .to other citil- airship to the pole" seemed then to
seia many who first heard the phrase a
project for a madman, while others
Fr ear little 'State of Dela- could not make themselves believe
war; whcah ha "three counties at that such a journey was seriously in-
low tide, ha beean struggling to free tended. Such incredulity was not un-
low tide, has been struggling to free natural. But Mr. Wellman's thorough
herself from the "old man of the sea" analysis of polar conditions of ice,
as represented by J. Edward Addicks, wind and climate, his wisdom in se-
better known as "gas Addicks." And lecting the type of airship best adapt-
at last, by the election of Senator ed to his purpose, and his carefully de.
Dupont and ,the subsequent defeat of veloped plan of campaign have con-
Addicks, she has gained her freedom. vinced even the doubters and skeptics
Addicke has spent thousands of dol. that it is genius for exploration, not
lars in the effect to have himself foolhardiness, that is In command."
elected to the United States Senate "If all goes well with the prelim-.
and his failure to accomplish his pur- nary trials of the airship at Spitsber-
pose, even with the aid of an unlimit- gen, and if the good fortune that has
ed bank account, speaks volumes for attended the preparations thus far
the plioky little. State. There are does not fail. the start forthe pole
States In 'the Union where member- will be made at the end of July or
ship in the United States Senate IS early in August.
purchasable. Commenting upon the "Barring accidents or unexpected
recent. election of a Senator by the defects in equipment, The Record-
Legislature of Delaware in special Herald hopes before two months more
session, The Washington Post says. have passed to be able to provide its
"Small as it Is, Delaware has play- readers with daily reports by wireless
ed a great part in American politics message of the progress of one of the
and her sons contributed much to the most stirring journeys into the un-
luster of the United States Senate. known in the annals of the human
There were two Rodneys, one that race. The finding of the pole in all
Caesar Rodney who was active in the probability, the attainment of farthest
Revolution, later Attorney General in north almost certainly, will, for the
Jefferson's Cabinet, and an illustrious readers of this paper, be all a part of
Senator of the earlier republic; there the day's news."
were two Claytons, one that John M. --
Clayton, Secretary of State in Taylor's
Cabinet, a leader of the Whig party, The Age-Herald, of Birmingham,
and one of the strongest debators of Ala., calls attention to three pictur-
the Senate which discussed the Clay. eaquesuco 0s ons the Senate of the
ton-Bulwer treaty in open session. United States, each of them a recent
"There were two Saulsburys, one occurrence and each containing some
that Willard Saulsbury who died element of surprise. Each case, also,
chancellor cf Delaware, and was seems to have the country's approval,
among the most brilliant men of his tacit if no more, and in this, two, there
day. There was (eorge Gray, who yet is the element ot surprise. Says the
lives, a ciftult judge of the Federal Age-Herald .
bench, and who was a pillar of his e Freak senatorial sucoessions are
party and of he State when in the the order of the day. When Senator
Senate. German died Governor Warfleld look-
"There re 4 four Bayards, each ed Marylapd over to find a man of 82
without fear, and without reproach. years of age, who had been appointed
Traditionally thby were Federalists, senator in 1868 to succeed Reverdy
but the last of the house, the ablest Johnson, who sat. in the Senate again
and the most conspicuous of the in 1875, and w o' turns to that body
name, was a Democratic leader whose in 1906 tq Ind but threeof his old col-
counsels would have saved hils party leagues in it-Morgan, Teller and Al-.
from disaster and his country from lison. William Pinkney Whyte is an
danger had they been 'heark*ued to. octogarlian, but he stands and sits
Thomas F. Bayard was prsuaed that as straight as Senator Morgan, and no'
the American people were anilous for man ,.a1 be straighter .han that
the chance to make him President, 'hen, too, out in Jansaq. :unusut
and he was not very far wrong, thoutth work has been going on. Burton re-
the Democratic party would never signed because of charges and convic-
consent to give the the opportunlty.r tions thqthe could not shake off. Gov.
"Some ten years ago this man Ad- ernor HOcb.promptly appointed Farm-
dicks appeared on the scene, and tis er Osborn to the vacant .seat, but
said he had both hands and both Farmer Osborn as promptly declined
pockets full of money. He proposed to It. AMr. Benson was.hunted up and
buy a seat In the Senate, and there induced to serve a while in the Ben
is no doubt that he very haearly sue.- ate... ..... .
ceeded. He dominated the dominant "The third cake arose in Delaware.
political party of Delaware, but he Addicks had been trying eleven long
was unable to seduce the minority. ears to secure a et the Senate
"It la not an Illustrious chapter in from that State, and he was still try-
the history of Delaware, and yet con-. ing to become a senator when an ex-
solation if not gratulatlon, may be tra session was called, and the king
got out of the fact that small as she of the powder trust was made senator.
Is, Delaware Is too biga for a man like Colonel DupoPt. s h. was In
Addicks to buy." the civil war, and despite his trust
record will b.ake a good senator. The
The search for the North Pole has was episode in Delaware is closed at
been prosecuted through many de. any rate.'
cades, by many men of many natlona.
.The latest adventurer to fare forth In Facts About TrusteeLand
that direction Is Mr. Walter Wellman, A
who is using as a means of locomotion Sl$e
an airship. The Chicago Record- Continued from Third ae
Herald says of Mr. Wellman and his i onnnued from Tird Page]
Journey to the North: sale of the land belonging to the peo-
"Walter Wellman has departed from ple of Flotida the facts 16 the case
Paris for Spitsbergen with the airship show:
which he is to use aIn his quest for the First, that the price, 48 1-2c an acre
north pole. He knew well enough in paid by.Mr. Jenninag at this,.ale was
advance that he would be accompali- the HIGHMT VBR PAID FOR
e by the. o wishes ot all personas bVE RGLADd LAND:
lutqrted t' arctic exploration, bNt SBecod, that the alWe wa* inade by
the Trustees without public adver-
tisement that these lands were for
sale, but in EXACTLY THE SAME
MANNER. kn which all sales have
been made in the past by the Trus-
Third, that where a transaction is
a part of the public records of the
State, which are open to the inspec-
tion of any one, a oharga of a "secret
deal" cannot lie with any degree of
justice, and the Jennlngs sale 1s as
much a part of the State records as is
the Disaton sale made by Bicaham.
"Fourth, that the price, 800 per
acre, gotten by the next preceding
administration, was, with the excep-
tion of about 80,000 acres overflowed
by the Gulf, for land which was almost
entirely on the main land and which
could be reclaimed for cultivation by
the completica of the present plans
for drainage. The lands sold to Jen-
nings are ENTIRELY COVERED BY
salt water from the Gulf and cannot
be made fit for cultivation without a
system of dtkes, built along the Gulf
coast line similar to that done along
the coast line of Holland.
"Fifth, that any one who desires to
give the people Information and not
to confuse the people with erroneous
statements would have found out all
about the Joe Jennings sale by ad-
dressing an inquiry to the Trustees
or to any cae of them."
Thinks of the Brethren.
(Continued from Sixth Page)
seventy odd thousand employees re-
ceive as their average wage 14 cents
a day. If this labor proves efficient,
its cheapness certainly gives Japan
a large advantage, so that In future
she will furnish an Increasing market
for the great staple of the South..-
Key West Advertiser.
Rev. Crawford Jackson, who is
traveling and speaking In the cause
of reformation for Juvenile offenders,
will soon visit Florida, as the repre-
sentative of the Central Juvenile Pro-
tective Associatlon, to urge the estab-
lishment of a series of reformatories
throughout the South. Florida 'al-
ready has a reformatory, and with Y.
M. C. A. buildings, established and
in prospect, ought to be able to care
for all of Its wayward youths. Let
charity begin at home. Let us build
more Y. M. C. A. homes aid do some-
thing substantial to better the condi-
tions existing at the State Reforma-
tory.-Bt. Augusine Record.
If Its Drugs
Fi U0M4 TimN Aisle
Aguut far Huiusa Oauy
Bettes Drug Store
owr. ay i n, mm- LmU.- f-
( a- w ~lwm A lnI
Of Interest to druggltd fitting out
or refurnlshing drug store.
A Complete C. H. Bangs
Solid Cherry Drug
Prescription Desk and
All furniture and cases In 8 14 foot
A "Brighton" Soda Apparatus FIxt.
ure complete, shelf ware, salt mouth
and TInoture Bottle quarts and pints.
labeled, Oval show oassa, eollulold
finish. Crated for shipment P. 0. B.
For further description and priaoe,
L P. LAWRENCE,
704 FRANKLIN ST., TAMPA, FLA.
and florida's Largest
and Best Year-Round
DODGE & GULLEN6
Owners and Manager
JOSEPH ZAPF 8 CO.
$ole Diirbutud do Odabslod
AUNIVN U WI Kaq ut U
Mott, Jr's, Reminder
nf ople would trade with you thatdon't If they thought of you when they
the article That's exactly what my bulletinas are for-to ep your
name and goods before them every day, day after day, so you will be tght
of when,they need anything in your line.
We gre ueeee IMWe paint anythi you wish on our
"Adigns" in attractive colors.
Many a good busine baao been built up by atractiv bulletins.
Prices $2, $3and $4 PerMonth
The Mott, Jr., Bulletin System
I@ siu4W a.A
W We Mgiii
~P* AY ~.
. '. .
kept striking matches and trying to and blowing as though he'd lu. I It. A
veed P11 about cab fares on a bill In "Take 'em on by t's train, wtll you?' A s .
front of '. he soes. extehinr 'nld o' Georiri by the WINbiad
"'Ow are we to know 'ow many 'm. "I've just bpn stopedl b a blt
m! tl t Itto?" he osee. t last o' business I must do. and I'l come on FRED L E. RA
"I don't know.' se .Gerty; "leave It by the next, nr' w on artetr ~ I no e ."
Sthe canas. It' hit blsness. altn He rushed off agin, l pul and MN-
it? And if '0 den't kMnowhe must sut blowipr his hardest l1 au-h a hurry
er for t" tha n t e forget to Ive Genrg) the
Thee wm hardly a sao in Gertyoe money for the tickets. However, Any IM i
G eorge 'ad ty t he cabut an (Continued on Pa fteen.) ore
Georle 'd NWttled with tile icAb (ConU0nued on Pa&P PlttSn.) 1I g
,June 30, 1006
j;) : ,
Bedmptson "'" .t'as.rd""
r oa up. 'ynthe tIK Georgeha dtrao dino
: ........... mand the cabman 'A told Mth wet
(PouPed fro mPago Ten.) looked like, Gerty and Ted'ad d T QUIOKLY INTR(
L U4 *d M M d eto0ked it= and appeared Indoors, all the lights wAS
wn F s that arter I left out, and, In a state o' mind that, woe A Ne Bible with
ftL or' a bear thinks of, George waled 'ome HE CH ih
4I s1 'l) to his nlodgi -gx.
AllMY moir ob waq.asleep when he got the, the
Lbutt wo 'lm up and told 'im about l
0 W Ati 6 gal it, and then carter a time he said that THE THE
*aw he thought Bob ought to pay art be To enable any per
*Sr#iohB' etIS he be wal cause he 'ad saved 'is life. sud c an to re,
1, and It took "Crt* nly cb" os Bob. "We're ng. to any one
anOd the rem an and a quits now; that was the arrangement., hesub tof any
0cld4 ei-aa wt W~ $S4ttlAS be- I only wish it was me spendleg the Nooth-ibideihe
hn t1110 'tm differm t .'He money on her; I shouldn't grumble." .h I ftdb-
WeW Iat 'e oouldt at t l George didn't get a wink o' sleep all l
aterr It ad Ted and Gerty night for thinking of the money he sM..-- AConta.
hadIt f0r 'SM. 'ad spent. and next day when he went vivd, me ,Iainatun
e but they're round he 'ad almost made up 'is maed aelse 6Alac- cH
0 seL Gerty. "You to tell Bob that it 'e liked to pay up *el e l
4re tod to me, oote. I could go on the money he could 'ave Gerty back; -T'" '
eating ie( iall nlght, but yog mustn't but she looked so pretty, and praised T ........"
fling '104t ioney Hway like this al. 'im up so much for 'is generosity, that send Poo Omer to4at
wy&W he began to think better of It. One warded to you without delay.
"Illee 0o the," eos Qeorge, very thing 'e was determined on. and that
bitter "t t ,'h t we was going to was never to spend money like that
S1reatto eah other? Tht was agin for fifty Gertys. r
thed*, I e, odetood." There was a very sensible man '
* "8o- w"e ae" Ne erty. "Ted Stood there that eveanig that George liked w 1
the 'bus fare, didn't he?" very much. His name was Uncle Joe,. a
"H#,dud," -a Q0orge. "wot there and when Gerty was pralslng George
was of 'mi ; but wet about you?" to 'is face for the money he 'ad been Pil IMiAP
"Me soe Gerty, drawing her 'ead spending, Uncle Joe. instead o' look- W 1 1aiL
back 4 eUarSng at 'l'I. "Why, 'ave ing pleased, shook his 'ead over it. Mrosnaliub. 4 I
yce .it that cigar already, "Young people will be young peo- elwon n ye .......... S
Georme pie, I kno*," he ses, "but still I Aon.nRye B.................. to
O061 opened 'is mouth, but *'e don't approve of extravagance. Bob '44" Rye............... 875
coudln's peak a word. He sat looking vaas would never 'ave spent all that W e..................75
at 'er and making a gasping noise in money over you." .h KrnMd..................... 8 7
'is thrt, and fortunately just as *' "Bob Brans ain't everybody." ses ................... 75
got 'is vote back the Curtain went Mrs. Mitchell. standing up for Gerty. (Iersa (sn .................... 8 7
up agis. and everybody said "H'eh" "He was steady, anyway." ses Uncle North (srollim (korn.......... S 2
He qouldu't enjoy the play at all," Joe. "Besides, Gerty ought not to ha' '.................... 75
'e wasiso upset. and he began to see let Mr. Crofte spend his money like Mdtford Rum..................... 75
mcre than ever 'ow wrong he 'ad been that. She could ha' prevented It if Grape Brandy;................. S5
I" taking Bob' 1 gal away from 'Im. she'd ha' put 'er fooa down and in. KInlofKenuky Bourbon s 7
He walked downstairs into the street lated on it." i ieme o-i
like a man In a dram, with Gerty He was so solemn about It that -0a
sticking to 'is arm and young Ted everybody began to feel a bit upset. 124628 J
treadilg on 'Is heels behind. ampd Gerty borrowed Ted's pocket- W. Adams St
"Now, ou mustnt waste any more 'andkerchlef, and then wiped 'er eyes
money, porge." ses Gerty when they on the cuff of her dress Instead.
got outVde. "We'll walk 'ome." "Well, well," ses Uncle Joe; "I Try
George '"ad got art a mind to say 'andkerchief, and then wiped 'er eyes
acmetltin about a 'bus, but he re- on the cuff of her dress instead.
members lan time that very likely "Well, well," ses Uncle Joe; "I ^o
young Ted hand't got any more didn't mean to be 'ard, but don't do It
money. Then Qerty said she knew a no more. You are young people, and
short cu~ asd she took them, walking can't afford it."
along IIte. ark arrow streets and "We must 'ave a little pleasure Tenne
places, til it last, Just as George sometimes." soe Gerty.
thought they must be pretty near "Yes, I know," sea Uncle Joe; "but
'ome, she began to dab her eyes with there's moderation in everything.
r pket 'aAndkerchblef and may she'd Look 'ere, it's time somebody paid
lost 'et Way.. for Mr. Crofts. To-morrow's Saturday
"You. two go 'ome and leave me," and, if you like, I'll take you all to THATS JI
abe sen,. tt crying. "I can't walk an- the Crystal Palace." IltS_ J SUR
other step."| Oerty jumped upofff of er chair
"Ir round know,said she knew 'is bark was worse than
"I don't know," sey Gertyp "I 'Is bite, and asked 'IM who was wast.
couldn't telj you If you paid me. 1 lng his money now? t
m t 'ave taken a wrong turmln. Oh. "You meet me at London Bridge
hurrhl Here's a ahbl" Statkn at two o'clock." sea Uncle Joe, SOLE AE
Atore George oould top 'er she held getting up to go. "It can't extra.
up mb. ad a 'an b. ance for a o as can afford it." Jacksonvll,
with bells on tts horse, crossed the He shook 'ands w!th George Crofts
road and pulled up In front of 'em. and went, and, arter George 'ad stayed
Ted nipped in frst and Oerty follow.. long enough to hear a lot o' things NmU FOR KNCRAL P
ed 'Is. Mbout Uncle Joe which made 'Im think
"Tell 'm the address, dear, and they'd get on very well together, he nia s
make 'aste and get In." ases rtyt went of too. W In In lakC
George told the cebau, ad then They all turned up Tvery early the
he et in ad sat On Ted's 1OSe, next afternoon. and Gerty was dress- ....DO aS Othrs I
atrtly on Gety's aumbrella, ad smost ed so nice that Oeorge couldn't take
ly on nothilang. thie eyes off of her. Besides her there
"You are good to me. Georie," a was Mrs. Mitchell and Ted and a
,*rty, touehns the bk of 'Is ek friend of 'is named Charlie Bmih. m
with the brim of her hat. "It Ai't They waited some time. but Uncle TO (ii b,
often I Set a ride In a eab. All the Joe didn't turn up, and they all got
time I was keening company with looklngr at the clock and talking 223 W. Bay
Bob we never 'ad one once. I Onl about it. and 'oping he wouldn't make
wish I'd got the money to pay tor it." 'em miss the train. A l
George, who was goiog to ask a "Here he comes" see Ted. at last FO R
question, stopped 'Imself, and then he Uncle Joe eame rushing in p.EfinU L
MWM u hTO--MT PRWPAID
Rye. Gln. Oo ca. d ......*..................S....
Rye. Gin, oH. R s, at......l........... 2 00
te, Gai. Corn. pl, b for t mne...... 2 50
SR, Petch I Appl Brandy. mollow-
ed seo.. ......... ##,... ..... .. ... :,.... 3 00
Viteod R ol Do" ReymediInual
q alty .................................................. 4 00
so ,Imp vwf. Iemm PM.
4 00 7 00 al Be r ................................................1
6 00O 3xt le 9.0..........,...... ....... ................... 1 10
4 25 7 25 t ......... ..... ..... ............1 00
o00 sg0 o 'ims t at. d r *......................... ............. 1 10
5 00 9O M o srr Imp o td....................................... 200
6 00 9 0 Q= un lo, p ..................... ........... 2 26
Iap iV badw a n fm
- --mIi is
The Marvin Shoe Co.
Ull. 233 W. e sayte j UFgMe, .Fa
Henry Watterson's Paper
(Thm Weakly Ouwri emi)
ac ea 151 OSM Year Ytr Orly $2.60
In Aoleln be U=1614 Nemass ha int
alIhno lN is~ a Dbilliy new
= 04 t o a edit fakir %meijoulr-
L KN us]me Fy aewad NWfor vewPipe6
*n above. Ond v mur pbu "P
1ST. Tham#N 42 YEAR
ODUCE TWO N QGRECAT WORK'-
TIAN WORK C 1,In
tA ND MAN41r *I %
MI OFr $ALVAl ,
on to turn tuply to veies
ad in conue teud order all
I of the topics Chse eto
enat's nooe or to tell a
F yern or nssuean di
r 0 4 Otl. y IT. Jeo Lybas
181106Mirs,ae lsm" t, n t61 rrasdtive. Original,
Sthe 79u 4 se th. Ici *I7 W w asnd pulpit.
asth, 753 pMe. 16 I M plats i r price $2.50.
... WIC WILL No ,AllN charges pre.
....3 BOTH FOR .9o0 oalimited
o WI Tl M P1 I Iwir il r
,AL aCE LIST OF
islies, Beer and Malt
^ *' H '.
; W are
(Contiu'ed from Page Fourteen.)
eoi borowed a pencil of Mr s.
Mitchll I sthe tna, and put down on
p 0e 1ow 4 muh, they or et, and Mrs.
.aid If es orge didn't like to AfCt e
1S ge awndM.f to nothing wh
sev' tWhen th Notbuilds up
stay near the ssios when they got Up
t the lae, Uncle Joe 'aving feor.
m to were he'd meet 'em,
Wb u sta at Bn ca"me in without
1s, and at at the two boys gave it
"'sre sure to run across 'lm
soeat' o Iter," se Gerty. "Let's
'a toet; I'm so hungry."
Something about buns
aad but Gerty took 'ma up
shari. "Bus and milk?" she soe.
"Why, unole would never forlEe us Ift
we spolt his treat like that.'
pSh walked nteo a refrehament
place and they 'ad cold meat and TheC nuttit
bread ad pe kles and beer ad tartf hoice
and cheese, till even young Ted said Of chOiCe
he'd b d enough, but still they couldn't form are n
Ie any slmi of Uncle Joe.' They
went on to the roundabouts to look tak(
for '1m, and then Into all sorts o'
shows at sixpence a head, bpt still
there was no signs of 'Im, and George
had 'ad to start on a fresh bit o' paper
to put down wot he'd spent.
"I suppose he must ha' been do
talned on Importast business," sea
Gerty, at lat.
"Uness i's one of 'is jokes," ses
Mrs. Mithell, shaking her 'ead. "You
know wot your uncle Is, Gerty."
"There now, I never thought o'
tieat" s OGet,, with a start; "p'r'aps
tit i Grs.ty with a start; head or tall out of It, but 'o went
"Joke?" se Geoe, choking and round to see Gerty the first thing next
starinr frs one to the other. morning, and she explained things to
"I was wondering where he'd get hl,.
the money from," sea Mrs. Mitchell I don' t know wh e I'vI enjoyed
to Orty. "I see It all now; I never myself so much," she ee, wiping her
ee such a man for a bit o' tu in all eye, "but I've had enough gaddlna
my born days. AMd the solemn wa, about for once, and If you come ro.nd
he went on last night, too. Why, he this evening we ll have a nice quiet
must ha' been laughing In 'is sleeve time tothr looking a the furniture
all the time. It's as good as a play." sI' ops'
Look IN lre' e4 George, hardlyy '
able to speak; "do you mean to tell8 M TI .
me he never meant to comer' lTOGKHOL#DR' _MCCTIN.
V"m afraid not," seo Mrs. Mitchell. "
"knowain wet he In. But don't you Jacksonville, June 1, 1906.
worry; I'll give him a bit o' my mind Notice is hereby given that a
when I see Im."
eorp Crofts felt as though he'd special meeting of the stockholders
burst, and then 'o got his b"rh, and of THE SUN COMPANY will be
the things 'e sad about Uncle oe was held at 10 A. M., Friday, the 6th
so awful that Mrs. Mitchell !old the day of July 1906, at the office of
bes to away. the company in the city of Jack-
"How dre you talk of my uncle like sonville, Fla ifor the of
that?" ses Gerty, firing up. on for the o
"You forget yourself, George," see voting an increase of the cpital
Mrs. MttchelL "Youll like 'Ism when stock of said company front f000.00
you get to know 'im better." common stock and $000.0 pre-
"Dosn you call nme Oore."1, ferred stock, total $10,000.00, to
George emits, turning on 'or. "I'vea
been done, that's wet I've been. $25,000.00 common stock and $25,-
'ad fourteen pounds when I was paid 000.00 preferred stock, total 50,-
of and t's metldtf like butter." 000.00.
Wll. we've ,Uoyed ourselves" Signed, A. K. TAYLOR,
ase Gety, "and that's what money Secretary.
was given us for. I'm lure those two
boys ave had splendid time, thanks CLAUDE L'ENGLE,
to you. Don't o and spoll all by a Preident.
little bit temper." =======================
"Temper!" se GNeorge, turning on
her. "Ie done with you. I wouldn't
marry you If you was the on'y gal
Io the world. I wouldn't marry you If L Q
you paid me."
"Oh. Indeed!" sen Gerty; "but if Pts
you think irm ean get out of It like IfffD
that you're mistaken I've lost my
tng man through you, and I'm not
to lose you too. Ill send my
two bit eousias round to see you to, *
"They wolnt put up with no non. a
sens, I can tell youe" sea Mrs. Mitch.
8he called the boys to her, and ,
then she and Gerty,. carter holding
r 'eads very high and staring at
wont off and left 'Ima alone.
went straight off 'ome. counting 'is
iSey alntn e way and trying to make .
t. ma% a d, carter telling Bob 'ow
hvd boeen ttC, and trvY hard to ,
cldn'ta .' .m
We ~ -- WWW ~w -
&wasting illness, there is
ich so surely and quickly
exhausted strength as
iouS tissue-building elements
Barley-Malt in predigested
almost instatly assimilated and
m up by the system.
Sold aU Drunis and Gro
emopBrPch Brtwlnd As.'L
25, 000 Y4v Word&
Now Oau4e#tes*of the World
k tI MAbw, -on the
~~ T. HAIMnYR, Th.T,
330 Quarto Pam
Need d In Evo yHorn.
~ ~ h IH*UL^W' TlOW^9Mw
I 1.2, ,2 md $ Lb. Pacgtes
IV Differeft, When You Drnk
" N bm bhs
L AL IIM6 MOM
A~dmA K A m m
- H.\ .>
.', .... .... ,,
''V'hWUp ,*.% C ''
.... ..aai gad Gi
cho~s :.~ ~f
'" 4. re i
~ d~~ y lge. and double-
bn~Md .ylefor men who- want
* ~ pte' sadIndividuality
Lmoml* 9 new wi4thu..
i;... CLITIN CO.
Opp 1;'. ,** 1* ^ "^*" ,
AM to Twgidp
"&iismadeto o d h'-
f/J f'-jJ- -w,^ -. ^
$ 13 5cIIK,. I:.,t it
*** ~~ ~ ~.4.*l,^;"
Hove we measured you y f not
you had better Aur : he suits
are going fast
Cheatham,- Ai min
437-439 West ,
, I) *
4j ..*''' 4
4 4. ip. ,. 4
1 2' ~.
. ...^Uv Letters
ht e Talk
Ta, Titk ," ie"
Sa,.l s. '* as
> ^ I. *
Anwu moL. -L P, rnweruiwriis
* .. S S ,, **~S 9",..,.
* .. *~*.l
Sspuae Law y Table A ticle of Use and leas .
S. ll M ,a Pa With aww Win of Its Ow
S cm VP4LM m
"YC O YAe "n '
-? .' ." '' e ,'. '"
^j^^ft''^fMftk ^ dM fr. ****" '\ \
*;^-'"fB^Rkirk ^*"^tki '14i
. 4 '
* -.- **5 EI~ **~
~ ,4~%**,,,* 'p.
'I.,.. 4. .
V S 5~j~ ;.. S P.
a li 4. 44
. Cover Clay
* a',, *~
WITHOUT A aOSS
Ir P Z700,00
wit Am -touwee
Iabooi"ac~ uigs ain=ddouble-
bred" Swe sea wbo -want
AMY 0 w mmd Id t
13 d stheA w, wber I
1749 WOs p rt
We are measuring the those
4 Eighteen to Twenty-foe Dollar
Sust made to order that we are
Sselingjor the unform
you yet). If no.
rry. The suits
are going fast
These Jack Stw s Thai
Pat pbv Letters
Tax Title S-er
And those L'Engle Editorials
,An Iadpeasae Llrauy, Table Atticle of Vse and Pleasure, a
Jrnlof Mer a Paper With a Will of its Own
~LtUWViW .AL 2M
WITHOUT A BOSS
- '. '4. .4..
4- .~: ~j.,
h>, .* .
437-439 Wat %i
Taylor's Famous Cartoo
Snappy Poiticalls T
1. -.':- ., ,.
,--, iTt. ,