Group Title: sun.
Title: The sun
Full Citation
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 Material Information
Title: The sun
Uniform Title: sun
Sun (Jacksonville, Fla.)
Physical Description: 2 v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Sun Co.
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Publication Date: June 23, 1906
Frequency: weekly
Subject: Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Tallahassee (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Leon County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Leon -- Tallahassee
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.451667 x -84.268533 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Nov. 18, 1905)-v. 3, no. 47 (Sept. 12, 1908).
Numbering Peculiarities: Published at Tallahassee, Fla., June 23-Sept. 12, 1908.
General Note: Claude L'Engle, editor.
General Note: "If it's right, we are for it."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075914
Volume ID: VID00033
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 33400104
lccn - sn 95047216
 Related Items
Other version: Morning sun (Tallahassee, Fla.)
Succeeded by: Dixie (Jacksonville, Fla.)

Full Text

A Jourl or Cartoon and Commeat

Volume 1---o. 32 TA LLAHASSEB, ,LORIDA,_ JUNE 23, 1906 Sinile Gopy 5 Gents
m n 1 M Im l m Ii na II H Is


Looking Over His property

*:\ ,^

IF IT'S kRIlHT, W1 Al t


Aty- kh

A. K.-i4,*LOR



It is known olf mea and conceded to be good by all wise men that the masses be informed about things
in general and the things that concern the public welfare and happiness in particular.
It ist conceded by both wise and foolish men that there is only one way to inform the masses, and that way
is to put facts before them plainly, concisely, fully, reliably and understandingly.
It is known of most men now living that while there formerly was but one way to put facts before the
maes--by proclamations uttered by public heralds so that the masses could hear them-there are now two ways--
by public out cry and by public print.
It is known of all sane men, saving only those who remain ignorant under twentieth century enlightenment,
that the day Guttenberg invented the art of printing, the day of the public crier began to close, to dawn no more,
and thdt now, the art of printing having reached its perfection, there is but one way used, to bring information to
the masses-the way of the printed page.
These things being so-
And, THE SUN, by reason of being possessed of the LARGEST AND MOST DIVERSIFIED CIRCULA-
TION among Floridians enjoyed by ANY PUBLICATION WHATSOEVER being competent to do so-
It is ordered-
That THE SUN be now and hereafter prepared and printed in the city of Tallahassee, the Capital of the
State of Florida. ..,.
But. it being highly important. not to mention absolute essentially, that the means of getting informan
tion be not withheld from any one.
It is further ordered-
That THE SUN shall still continue TO BE PUBLISHED EVERYWHERE.
As the public has an inalienable property right in THE SUN, because THE SUN is wholly and essentially a
public journal, it it both meet and proper that the public should know all about THE SUN.
It is further ordered,- -
That the reasons for the change in place of preparation and printing of THE SUN, be now set forth--
First-To be at the source of information about the people's business which they have intrusted to' their
servants whom they have sent to Tallahassee for that purpose. Located where the people's business is carried
on THE SUN will be able t? get facts which the people should know, at first hand, with promptness and facility.
Second-The difference between MISINFORMATION and INFORMATION being identical with the differ.
ence between GOOD and BAD, it is both timely and proper that information shall be put before the people.
THE SUN will contain information and have no dealings at all with misinformation.
Third-The time has passed when the makers of THE SUN were trying to make a great state paper. They
have MADE THE SUN THE GREAT STATE PAPER. The capital of the State is the proper place for suh a
Fourth--Money, as is well known is but a secondary consideration with THE SUN, but it 18 a consideration,
and a certain amount of being neesay for SUN success, it was up to the SUN makers to get that certain neces-m
sory amount. They saw a chance to make it by operating a print shop in Tallahassee in which among other
work the state printing could be done.
The determination to strive for SUN PERFEOTION, growing lustier as it grows older, and the twin pro-
ceses of ditcrimkinateg choosing of good thiMnge, and ruthless elinination of bad things, showing not eve the
preliminary sign of stoppage.
It it further ordered- I
That THE SUN shaU be better and brighter, bigger and stronger, hotter and hotter, because of its move; and
Shall allow no modern incersation of Joshua to uooeasfuuly command it to stand still.
Be it known that by authority of the endmorsement of THE SUN by the good people of this state, we THB
SUN do declare Gener l Order No. 1 duly promulgysteLd. w
SIGiven tnder the great seal of pub approal whch it easted i us, tMs 28 day o June th ear of our
Lord Ni teen. Hundred and Sti, of the year of the Republic of the United States ofAma the ne o rl
and tMrtieth, of the year of the admission of Florida into the union the sty-first, and of them month of SUN lif

, -tIN

Juno 239,1006







Owing to Congested Condition of Jacksonville Terminals, Florida Shippers
Cannot Get Cars to Transport Their Products to Jacksonville for Shipment to
Consumers. Over Twelve Hundred Loaded Cars on Terminal Tracks. Rail-
road Commission Acts.

When is a common carrier not i
common earrlert
The railroads say that a common
carrier is a common carrier no mat
ter whether they actually do comr
mon carrying or not, provided thst
SAY that they are common carriers
The'Railroad Commission sayi
that a common carrier is not a comi
mon carrier unless It actually dopi
common carrying.
These, be it known, are not th(
dicts of the railroads and the Rail
road Commission but they are actua
conclusions that have been arrived at
by an inlvestiation Into the condl
tions of th0,freight carrying business
of Florida'apd the recen. acts of the
Railroad Cdmuilsalon.
It has lonw i6en known that the
congestion 'Of freight cars in Jackson-
ville .has seriously interfered with the
buslQes of the State: For months
paqt. there has beed ih accumulation
on tracks of the three large railroad
companies having terminals in Jack-
This condition has been bad, Is at
this time worse and the prospect for
the future, is that the WORST IS
It, is estimated by careful men and
by personal inspection of the writer
that -there are not less than 1200
loaded cars on the tracks of the va-
rious railroads in Jacksonville. This
congested condition of the terminals
at the State's principal tidewater
point has resulted In a partial paraly-
sis of the business. of the State on
account of the Inability to get the
products of the State to Market. Cars
loaded with vegetables have arrived
in Jacksonville consigned to Eastern
and Western markets, have become
blocked In' the mass of cars with
thW tracks are congested, and the
contents have rotted on the tracks.
This has not been one car or two cars
but hundreds of cars. A well known
business man, in conversation with
the writer the last week, said thnit
he'had been Informed by a person
who Was in position to know, that
tlh damages paid for loss of perish-
abte freight by one transportation
company exeeeded the receipts of Its
Jacksonville office.
All lines of business are affected
seriously by this congestion of freight
care in Jacksonville but the most
serious loss perhaps falls on the
lumber manufacturers of the State.
Prices for lumber are now at a point
never before known In the history
of the industry. Labor is scarcer now
and harder to get than at any time
before noted. The lumber manufae-
turdrs are adzious to reap this
golden harvest, which conditions
have placed within their reach but
they cannot avail themselves of this
oouortunity on account of the great
difficulty, in most cases, and absolute
impossibility in many cases, of get-
tint cars in which to transfer their
product to market.
Many sawmills have shut down and
a still greater number are operating
on short hours, and this is directly
due to the congestion of cars in the
Jacksonville terminal yards. One of
the large lumber manufacturers of
the State, in conversation with the
writer last week, said that it would
be Impossible for him to figure out
his losses due to his failure to get
cars. He was then on his way home
from a visit to Jacksonville, where
he bad gone to try to remedy this
condition. He said that the agents of
the railroad companies la Jackson'
ville told him that the eondetios,
bad as tly were, would probably be
wore sm4 t- tt wasa 'e o
ita as as Me a s im lrs

a in which facilities for handling cars
would be equal to the demands for
m track room.
*- The Seaboard Air Line and At-
* lantic Coast Aine Railways are now
r engaged in increasing their yard
. room. The A. C. L. has just com-
m pleted a large dock but this has
- made no impression on the mass of
s congested business at the terminals.
There is not ONE INCH OF ROOM
e to be had on this large new dock. The
- S. A. L. Is remodeling its freight
1 terminals and building additional side
t tracks, but these increased facilities
* will scarcely keep up with the in-
s creased business, and therefore the
i statement that there seems to be no
hope for improvement made by those
most interested seems to be borne
. out by the facts.
a Shippers who have suffered from
i this congestion of business have been
complaining to the Railroad Commis-
I sion. For several months past letters
* from distressed shippers have been
coming into the Railroad. Commission
office at Taliahassee at the rate of
* 3 or 4 a week. These letters have
I all been treated in the same manner
by the Commission. For the purpose
I of putting the matter clearly before
the people the case of,The McDowell
Crate & Lumber Co. of Ocala, is
briefly stated;
Oct. 24, 1905, the Railroad Com-
mission received a letter from the
McDowell Crate & Lumber Co. of
Ocala saying, In substance, that its
mill was blocked with its finished
product, and that the railroad agent
said, in answer to the request of the
shippers for cars, "We will do
the best we can. Other mills are as
badly off as you are and will shut
In response to this letter the Rail-
road Commission wrote a letter to D.
H. Ground of the S. A. L. Ry., re-
questing him to furnish cars. Hearing
nothing from Mr. Ground the Com-
mission wrote a letter Nov. 4th
asking him for a reply. The McDowell
Co. sent to the R. R. Commission a
copy of a letter which they had re-
ceived from Mr. Ground in which
this language was used: We have
300 or 400 cars in Jacksonville, not
Nov. 7th the McDowell Co. wrote
another letter to the Commission,
saying that they had ordered cars
but could not get them and asking
the Commission to act.
Nov. 10th the Railroad Commis-
sion received a letter from Mr.
Ground, saying that he was away
from his office and could not answer
his mail in person but that the rail-
road was trying to adjust this great
difficulty, but that the blame lay with
the consignees, who did not unload
cars on arrival in Jacksonville.
It is presumed that the McDowell
Co. finally got these cars because no
more was heard of this mater by the
Commission, but trouble broke out
afresh In the spring of 1900.
May 32nd the McDowell Crate A
Lumber Co. wrote a letter to Comrn-
missioner R. Hudson Burr, saying
that it had been waiting more than
four weeks for cars which had been
ordered; that their skids were full
of lumber: that they had made every
conceivable demand on the S. A. L.
Ry. for ears, to which the company
paid no attention whatever, answer- 1
ing neither letters nor wires; that
much of the lumber is past due for
delivery, and that no statement of
what the losses would be could be
made. The company asked Mr. Burr I
to Invoke tlh aid of the Commissmen I
to compel the railroad to furnish
uarni- usm Sr *u 5

want five good fiats at too earliest
possible moment."
The Secretary ot the Railroad
Commission, by instruction of the,
Commission, wrote, May 23rd, to the
McDowell Co. that a request had been
made to furnish cars.
This letter advised tne shippers to
put their requests for cara In writing,
preserving copies of the same; that
in the requests should be stated the
number and kind oL cars needed,
kind of shipments, and destination of
shippers. Should cars then not be
furnished within a reasonable time,
formal complaint should be made to
the Railroad Commissioners, in
which should be given in detail all
the facts connected with the ordering
of the cars and the refusal of the
railroad to furnish them. upon re-
ceipt of this complaint, the Commis-
sioners would serve notice oh the
railroad to appear and show cause
why a fine should not be imposed for
failure to perform the duties of a
common carrier. At the hearing of
the complaint if the complaint is subi.
stantiated by evidence, a fine would
be assessed against the railroad.
A letter bearing the same date
was addressed to the Superintendent
of the S. A. L. Ry. at Jacksonville,
asking him to furnish cars and la-
forming him that If the cars were
not furnished the shippers were I.-
structed to prefer charges.
Th Commission received a letter,
dated May 28th, from the Superin-
tendent of the S. A. L. y., which
said that the company had furnished
the McDowell Co. with two fiats May
24th and that these fiats were still
empty May 26th'. A copy of this
letter was sent by the Commission
to the McDowell Co., who replied,
under date of May 81st, that the
statement of the S. A. L. Superin-
tendent was Incorrect; that the cars
were received late one evening and
one of them was loaded early the
next morning and went off In the
train which .eft the station at 7:80
a. m., and that the other car* was
loaded three days afterwards; that
they had six cars of lumber on the
skids for five weeks and had had
only two fiats delivered to them.
June 4th the Commission received
a letter from the MoDowell Co. in-
forming the CommisDlon that the
company had ordered two box cars
and two flat cars and asked the Com.
mission to see that the cars were
delivered to them promptly.
June 13th the Commission wired
to the McDowell Co. as follows:
"Have you received cars? Will you
appear as witness if the Commission
serves notice?"'
June 14th the Commission received
a reply by wire from the McDowell
Co., saying that the officers of the
company would appear as witnesses,
Thereupon the Railroad Commis-
sion Issued the following notice:
Office of the Railroad Commissioners
of the State of, Florida,
Tallahassee, Fla.
Seaboard Air Line Railway:
You are aereby notified, that the
McDowell Crate and Lumber Comn-
pany, a corporation doing business
In Marion county, State of Florida,
has complained to the Railroad Co-m. '
missiloners of Florida, and preferred
charges against you, that you have (
by your officers, agents and employee
violated and disregarded the provts- t
Ions of Chapter 4700 of the laws of I
Florida and Rule numbered three of
the "Rules Governing the Transpor- f
tation of Freight" provided and pro. t
merlbed by the Railroad Oommntoslo.
we of the ftatet of lorda, a Jly t
U5, md amb *

pamphlet entitled "Classification
o. 2 of the Railroad Commission.
State of Florida, and Rules and
Regulations governing the transpor-
tation of freight on the Railroads
and Common Carriers doing business
In Florida," which said rule Is as
"No railroad company shall de-
cline or refuse to aso. as a common
carrier to transport any article proper
for transportation, and a failure to
transport such article within a rea-
sonable time after the same has been
offered for transportation shall be
deemed a violation of this rule."
let. It Is charged by the said The
McDowell Crate and Lumber Com-
pany, that on the 18th day of June
1906, you declined and refused to act
as a common carrier to transport
certain lumber from Oak, Marion
county, Florida, to Jacksonville, Flor-
ida, which said lumber was offered
to you for transportation by the said
The McDowell Crate and Cumber
Company at Oak, Florida, on the
4th day of June, 1906, for transpor-
tation to the Ocala Pine Company,
Jacksonville, Florida, and that by
such refusal and declination by you
to transport said lumber upon request
of the said The McDowesi Crate and
Lumber Company, you violated and
disregarded said Chapter 4700 laws
of Florida and said rule numbered
three of the "Rules Governing the
Transportation of Freight," to which
reference has hereinbefore been
2nd. It Is charged by the said The
McDowell Crate and Lumber Com-
pany that the said Company on the
4th day of June, 1900, In writing did
request you, through your agent at
Anthony, Florida, to supply the said
company with two flat care upon
which to load lumber to be shipped
to the Ocala Pine Company, at Jack-
sonville Florida, over your line of
road, but that you declined and refute.
ed to furnish said cars or to trans-
port said lumber for nine days and
that up to the date of the filing of
said complaint and charge, towit:
the 14th day of June, 1900, you re-
fused and declined to furnish said
ears to the said The McDowell Crate
and Lumber Company or to trans-
port said lumber, thereby and by such
conduct you refused and declined to
act as common carrier In violation of
said Chapter 4700, laws of Florida,
and rule numbered three of the
"Rules Governing the Transportation
of Freight," to which reference has
hereinbefore been made.
The Railroad Commissioners of
the State of Florida hereby give you
notice that the said Coomi'ssioners
will meet In their office In the city of
Tallihassee, Florida, at 9 o'clock a.
m. on the 2nd day of July A a. 1900,
to consider and take action upon said
complaint and charges, a d that you,
the Seaboard Air Line Railway shall
then and there have an opportunity
to be heard by said Railroad Com-
missioners, and to show ease, If
any you have why the said Railroad
Commissioners should not fix and Im-
pose upon you a penalty for the viola-
ion and disregard of said rule pro-
vided and prescribed by the said Rail-
road Commissioners la accordance
with Chapter 4700, laws of Florida.
Signed by Commisslion.)
This case will come on to be heard
he 2nd of July and the outcome of
t will be awaited with much nlater-
t by all those who have suffered
rom the congested edition of the
;erlnasl I acksaavilleo.
To all of the eomplatats made by
he shW~em to the RaNlroad Coesmb-
( I at u .i
', ,
K'" .*;

Sh.005A.MMOom Mlmm

Fourth Pag

June 23, 1906


Democratic Primary Symposium

THE SUN Has Inted the People of lorda to Join m a S:.L u wi be Primary, sothat
Legislatonrs, Knowht tde Views of Their Conuluents, y Be & Equipped to Deal With This

Impodant measure.

'No Favorites are Played. All 'Democrau /Ire anU
Series Factional Lines fre Not 'Regarded as Exist ing.

Shall the State Pay the Expenses

of Holding Primary Elections?

Shall a Majority or a Plurality

Decide Primary Nominations?
By T. A. JENNINGS, Pensacola.

DeLand, Fla., June 18, 1906.
Editor The Sun:
In reply to your query: i* hall the
State or the candidate pay the ex-
penses of the primary election?" I
give It as my opinion that the candi-
date who dances should pay the
fiddler. The Democratic primary sys-
tem Is supposed to give every candi-
oate an equal chance before the peo-
ple-a supposition which has never
been laid at the door of a political
convention. I most heartily endorse
the primary system, and believe that
a return to the old convention sys-
tem would be injurious to the party
and against the best interests of the
people of the State. By the primary
system, the people of Florida have
been given a taste of power the past
four years and they would not relin-
quish this power without great In-
jury to the party.
While in complete sympathy with
the primary system, I believe that
some few minor changes are neces-
sary to guarantee its entire success
as a party measure. I believe that
some means should be devised by
which the minority candidate for the
highest State or county officer to be
voted for, could select as one mem-
ber of the judges of election some
person friendly to him to act on the
board of inspectors.

The primary will never prove en-
tirely satisfactory until it is conduct-
ed on a thoroughly fair, non-partisan
basis. It must be conducted more
honestly and fairly than the elec-
tion. In the former we are all of
one party-all within one family, as
It were-and it will not do to resort
to the tactics which, in an election
against the common enemy, are gen-
erally considered "good form." We
must remember that, in a primary,
we are fighting neither against the
Republican party nor the fear of ne-
gro domination, but are simply sup-
posed to be settling among our-
selves as to which one of us shall
bet he party nominee, and the man
who honestly gets the most votes
has a right to expect the one who
does not receive quite so many votes
not only to vote for him at the gen-
eral election, but to take the stump
for him if necessary and fight the
"common enemy."
That all our primaries are not
conducted In a spirit of fairness and
honestly, there is no doubt-but the
spirit of reform which is sweeping
the entire world, from Russia to
Florida, will soon force the man who
aspires to public office to come be-
fore the people with clean hands and
a clear conscience.

Thinks B T Brethren

The Miverglades Problem.
Some of our contemporaries argue
that Governor Broward io In advance
of the age with his reclamation ideas,
and some go so far as to name the
period of priority, placins it at fifty
years! My, my!! Fifty years Is a
mighty long time. Cuba, Porto Rico,
Hlwall and the Philippines could be
supplying our wants for sweetening
long before that time.
No, Brothers, the present Is the
opportune time if the matter Is ever
to be seriously considered. The editor
of The Meteor is, personally, unfamil-
iar with the productive capacity of
the lands of the Everglades, and he
does not know any more about the
amount that will be required to re-
claim the vast area of purported rich-
ness than the protesting brethren,
but this he does know, and that is
that those who are bebt Informed
upon the main points in question--
men whom we know to be practical,
honest speaking men-aver that It Is
feasible, and, further, that It Is most
desirable to put into execution he
plans of Govetrnor Broward, and up-
on the sincerity, wisdom, forethought
and judgment of these men are we
killing to stake the chances of the
rightness, Justness and desirableness
of the undertaking.
If the opportunity Is there-if the
Everglades is what we are led to be-
lieve It to be-then, we say, the pres-
ent Is the time to act. If a man is
worthy of trust, trust him. We be-
lieve that Governor Broward regards
too highly the struggles of his life to
build for himself an honorable name,
to recklessly cast It way upon an ef.
fort that will be fruitass of substan.
ta reMult.-BSt. Augutine Meter.

Bring on the Trio.
The New York Packer, discussing
the "good things" that are to come
has this to say of there of the most
delicious and tempting fruits that
ever tickled the palates of mortal


The very word

beings up visions of the luscious red
meat surcharged with a nectar fit to
offer ye gods of old.
"Peaches! That queen of the fruit
realm whose luscious flavor and nu-
tritious meat blend with the delicate
color of the fruit and make a combi-
nation that wins favor with pauper
and prince alike.
"Cantaloupe! Dainty little gems
of concentrated sweetness. Who can
do justice in describing the effect of
eating a fine, full ripe cantaloupe?
These gem melons are ambrosia In-
deed. Their odor is like the essence
of roses and their dainty meat would
tickle the palate and lighten the heart
of the sour dyspeptic and the stated
gourmond alike.
"Bing on the trio of sweets. They
can not come too soon or last too
long. The heat of summer loses part
f Its dreaded effect because of the
rare fruits of the season. There are
other fruits that deserve words of
praise, but the trio above mentioned
Is In the public mind now and will
moon have the right of way in the
markets of the country.-Miami Me.

The result of the Investigation of
the beef trust and its methods have
no horrors for Taylor county. We
have the finest beef, mutto, and kid
In thteState and expect to prove that
fact to thousands of our friends on
the Fourth of July, wham nothing but

Pensacola, Fla., June 19, 1906.
Editor Sun, Tallahassee, Fla.
Dear Sir:-You have asked me for
ny views on the subject "Shall the
majority or plurality decide primary
If the Democratic Party of Florida
s to continue to nominate the State
and county officers by primary elec-
tions the majority rule should remain
n force. One fixed and fundamental
principle or doctrine of our party is
that nothing less than a majority
should control. Nominating candli-
dates by a plurality vote would most
frequently result in the minority
controlling the party organizations
and nominations. To illustrate. South
Carolina has practically the same
primary law that we have in Florida
and it is reported in the daily pa-
pers that there are now eight candi-
dates for Governor in that State. It
is possible that one of the candidates
may lead all the others and obtain a
plurality, though receiving a fraction
less than 14 per cent of the entire
vote cast. That is, less than 14,000
votes out of a total of 100,000. Such
a candidate might belong to a faction
which would control Its party vote
but could not under any circumstances
receive a greater vote-the vote for
him representing the entire strength
of that faction on the leading issue
at stake. The supporters of the
other seven candidates could be of
one mind on this issue but they
would naturally divide their votes
among the seven, each having his fa
vorite, possibly for other and minoi
reasons. In the second primary]
those supporting the defeated candid
dates could unite very properly or
the next highest in the race, the onw
receiving 13 per cent of the vote fol
instance, and nominate him, thui
winning out on the main question
before the voters.

the home product will go on the spita.
-Taylor County Herald.
The Second Primary.
The consensus of opinion of the
State press is that the majority prim-
ary should be legislated out of ex-
istence. The argument is put forth
that if the plurality of votes can elect,
the plurality of votes should nomi-
nate, but then bobs up the funda-
mental Democratic doctrine of "ma-
Jority rule."
The second primary In our opinion
is not only an unnecessary expense,
but it is not fair, and admits of too
much wire-pulling and other politi-
cal tricks.
The race is to the open at the first
primary, and the highest man should
win. To allow a second contest be-
tween the two leaders savors much of
a lottery.-St. Petersburg Independ-

TThe Metropolis (Jacksonville), In
counting anti-administration noses In
the next State Senate, puts W. M. Girar.
deau of Jefferson as an "anti." Thisa i
no doubt a great piece of news, both to
Mr. Girardeau and his friends. He is
generally supposed to be a sort of right
Dower or the administration in this
county, and has always claimed to be an
out-and-out anti-corporation man, and
"Points with ride' to his record to

At a glance we can see the mani.
fest unfairness of the proposit ion and
the injustice that might be done by
declaring as the nominee the cand!.
date receiving less than 14,000 out
of the 100,000 Democratic voters
This illustration of a possible con.
edition in the South Carolina primary
might apply with equal force to a
primary election In Florida.
The rules and regulations govern.
Ing primary elections for nominating
candidates In our State are very sim-
ilar to those In Arkansas, Missis.
sippi and South Carolina. A majority
must be obtained by the successful
candidates before they can be de-
clared the party nominees. In all of
them, however, with the exception of
the State of Florida, the party holds
conventions every four years for the
purposes: First, to put out a platform,
second, to choose delegates to the
National Democratic Convention, and
third, to select candidates for Presi-
dential Electors.
I am, just here, digressing some-
what from the main question which
I have been requested to answer but
I feel that it Is right, nevertheless,
for me to call attention to what I
understand to be a fact, that this Is
the only State In he Union where tha
Democratic Party holds no conven-
tions and where It Is organized so as
to run along perpetually without
adopting any kind of State platform.
I Whether it is best for the party 'n
- Florida to have ..ese quadrennial
r conventions, as all the other States
F above mentioned, and for the specific
- purposes just named, the delegates to
I the convention to be chosen under
e the supervision of the county organ-
r izations-le a question that can b
s more satisfactorily answered after a
1 few more trials of the present prim-
ary system.

The enemies of Governor Broward
have established a news bureau in .Tack-
sonville "to assemble, reduce to concrete
shape and supply to the press the facts
and the history of this drainage move'
meant from its inception until it en'
countered the just condemnation which
has so effectually checked the operattionf
of the board, is one of the purpo'(e1 Of
this bureau with a view to assist the
press of the State in presenting sugei inl
formation to the voters of Florida."
The circular letter from whi *' tlhe
above is taken intimates that editorm.
who will not publish the partisan sdlmi
nations of this bureau, are not fri iidyv
to "unrestricted publicity concernig a
public questions and interests.
course tVis intimation will cause the
Florida editors to roll over onil their
backs and open their mouths to Fo
stuffed by this immaculate bureau For
ourselves we prefer to stand up like' 1Ienr
and proclaim the truth as it is. or
advertising columns are open for nal e.
gitimate advertisements, at usulid or
specified-in-contract rates. Our edi
trial space is not for sale at any }'rli.
nor can it be controlled by fear or f.voT
We believe that Broward's drvniiln
scheme is best for the entire peoi l" o
the State and that his administrit io
stands for the liberty, advancement a I
material prosperity of the masse,. nId
or partisan prejudice, or an hoinest.4
position is caused either by facti.,l
conception of purpose of the adj,,1,"
tration or a misapprehsion of facts
aMd probable rewslts.-Sathsm Aj1rg


le 1 LUI.fflonyuIe



Fifth Page





of PatricK


Dear Pleas: 'Tie surprised 01 know
ye'll be to raycaive this leather from
me, but to whom can I turn for the
rayciplant of their lacerated faylins
of me surcharged but honest Irish
heart but Pleas Holt, when the sur-
charger is their terrible situation of
that dear owld county of av Duval.
Well do 01 know, Pleas, darlint,,
that ye have their key to the Choinese
puzzle known to fame as Duval Coun-
ty politics, because fer siven long
years, our mutual fren, J. Murdock,,
entrusted ye with all his political say.
crets and none but he knows their an-
swer. True it is that Oi raycall thor
little epaysode baytween you an'
Dear Murdock which raysulted in
Murdock loosin' his Holt (no pun in-
tended) and in you loosin' participuy-
shun in your share of TWINTY-
TAY of J. Murdock's; but I raycall
your well dayveloped propensity eiver
to forget phwat ye raymember.
So, as 01 said before, 'tis to ye, me
dear Pleas, that 01 now address me-
ailf with the question burning me.
mouth with the hayte av it-Phwat's
other answer?

I was preparing' fer me journey to
Bally Go Shanty, Olland, to say the
Lord Chancellor about me lagecy-
phat? 01 bayloive 01 nayglected to
tell yer about me legacy. 'Tis a far-
chune of siventeen pun, tin shillings,
tuppence, ha'penny that was left me
by me ancestor O'Brien Bory, av
Briar Bog Castle, situwayted on their
left bank ov the mud flats ov Tipper-
aree. This O'Brien, who, by the way,
was one of the fourteen kings ov 01-
land, married when only thirten years
of age a cousin ov me mither's great
great grandmother, siven times ray-
married. So many children came to
bless this union, and these same chil-
dren being none the less prolift,
(this was long before Presiden
Rooseyvelt the expression race sool-
cide)so many were left to share the
money, that although me anoiltter
O'Brian left two hundred million an'
forty pun, tin an' six, the amount 01
mentioned is all that's coming to me.
Well, as 01 was saying, 01 was preo
parin' to make the Journey, for me
forchune, an' had already borrowed
six bits from Spotts, a two-spot from
me frienMajor Heely, (who seems to
be roll in dough these days) and
had been turned down for a quarter
touch by me rayspeoted acquaintance,
Tom Porter, when on last primary
day as 01 was passing' from the fourth
ward to the fifth ward 01 ran across
me friend Dell Cassidey

You can aaisly perealve from their
appearance of his lastname that Dell's
paternal anlasters have kissed the
Blarney stone. Dell looked so lone-
some that 01 reached for me Irish
linen handkerchief as soon as he let
go me sympathetic han'.
"Tell me phata hurting' ye Della, me
boy,"says .L "Ob, Pat," says be,
"never did 01 oixpect these eyes of
mine to bayhowld the sight they have
looked upon this sad, but ayepoch-
makin' day, Niver in my wildest
dreams, no matter how mlony welsh
rabbits 01 had careloesly dayvoured,
did seak a didorted agmAet or tor
iaBMmthM arBt iRA tr ms

bewildered brains ts has bin brought
before me this day. Niver could the
moat dayvoted adherer to their grand
owld laygine av their Blarney stone
have framed up a more improbable
tale than their one 01 have to pour in-
to your large but attentive ears."
"Phawts their mater," says 01, "have
Bond Trustays resigned, or has Mur-
dock Barrs let go hie strangle holt on
their city attorney's job?"
"Guess again, Pat, guess again; Oi'll
give you as many as you like."
"Has the Timer-Onion quit printin'
ayedetorials against drainage, or has
Mayjer Abrams got writer's cramp?"
"Keep right on, Paddy, me dear,
you'll never guess It."
"Well, has Jimmy Tolliver given
awy his millun, or her's Governor Brow-
ard got a dayvorce from Sherman Jin-
"Niver touched me, Pat; you're way
off. Its your guess"-
"By the piper that played before
Moses, but It's a puzzle," says 01.
"Has Cromwell Gltbons lost hia dim-

Citlien of the World.
ples, or has Jawn Stockton-eh?-
phawt- !-
"That's it, Pat," says Dalla, chink.
ing a dollar an eighty cents at me in
his oixcitement, 'thank'U thqf time
yer guessed it. That's their answer."
"Phawts their answer?"
"Jawn Stockton's their answer."
"Phawt about Jawn?"
"Haven't ye heard," ses he.
"Heard phawt," sez 01.
"About Jawn", sez he.
"Divil a bit," ses 01.
"Well listen," seo he, "JAWN
Whin Dilla told me this 01 could
raystrain me faylivs no longer, 01
burst into tears, and me sobs could
be heard as far as their (raymater.
"O'choue," says 01-in me misery.
"dWvil fs pae of money will I Ive
go MWIV t"tu A"r a u Nm

Jawns Stockton is up to, for Jawn will
tell em himself."'
Av ye'll baylolve me, Pleas darlint,
that sorry as 01 was fer myself, twas
nothing compared to their disolayshun
that spread over me sympaythetic
souwl whin 01 thought av the terri-
ble fil Jawn was in.
For, minny's their tolme have 01
heard the wiry, firery Jawn, declare
from the stump, and one the corners,
in highways an byways, with his arms
a going like flails, and his face dis-
torted with ayensoshun, that ANY
AYSHUN MAN, or a corporayshun
man's man, voted that way BECAUSE
An' here was me friend Dills after
telling me that Jawn was working for
the ayelection of Flemin Bowden who
is as true a Toldvur man as I am
meself, and who like meself, has
signed the government payroll, thro
salnatorial courtesy.
Now, if Jawn says that a vote cast
for a corporayshun man or a corpor-
ayshun man's man is a BOUGHT
Jawn been-but 01 will go no further.
'Si will contint myself with saying-
Phawt their answer.
When O ray course from their sur.
prise which Dilla's wurruds caused
me, and their first edge of me grief
had spint itself, 01 wint to all their
wards in their city, hoping to fond
that me frin Dell has made a mistake.
01 saw the owle stralghout ward
workers, out as of yore, an putting
out their spiel for votes like only they
can do, but 01 could understand divil
a wurrud they were saying. They
spoke In a strange tongue entirely.
They were tillin other payple, their
COMMON paple, they love so well,
ter vote for Flemio Bowden me friend
Tollivur's friend.
01 saw, Dudley, an Tom Wall, an
Myrau Mooney, an Billy Ingram, an
other rest av the owld guard all, ALL
working for Flemin, and me stout
full little Earle, al&jotly dayvoted
full little Earle, alljttly day voted
little Earle, who has fer mlny, years
lived but as an echo to Jawn Stock-
ton's political wurruds doing the
same, 01 broke down under the
stralo and wiat to me room, slammed
their door, broke open me own trunk,
and telephoned their sexton to TOLL
THE BBLL for me departed political
Nixt day 01. torrowed their loan of
three dollars from a uaa, who didn't
have it, an started on me trip to kiss
their sod once more.
T'Is from there that 01 am writing
ye. Plese darllnt, to ask yer as a
frin to let me know by raytura nv
mail If, the way I figger the split In
their state ouwt ranks is other cor-
riot way.
01 thowt is all out, while payclny
their deck of the cattle ship which
brought me over their pond, an It
seems ter me loike this:
01 know, as does Ivery man, how
anxious Jaws was to have his win
00KW ilttl brother Isiw. Jl.I
MvevAWi UW liam

Willie was rayluctent but Jawn wud
have it an talked to Willie like this:
"01 made yer a Judge. 01 made yer
president ov the city council. 01 made
yer do-well niver moind phawt 01,
made yer do, phy can't 01 make yer
a ilnnltor? Well phawt if 01 did fall
to make meself sinaltor, ye are
ayester made than 01 am."
With that Willie ran against
Harry Buckman, in the primary an
Jawn called on thcr faithful ter help.
First Dell Cassidey balked, thin
Jawn couldn't get Duncan Flethcher
ter make a spach for little Willie.
After that, Jawn struck their Bryan
boys, "Nath & Will, and couldn't get
them ter enthose for Willie bacaues
they wanted ter elect Tucky Dodge
sheriff so bad.
Well, after he was handed these
goblets of ice water, Jawn got mad,
as he always does in political cam*
paigns, and when his little, Willie
went down in dafate Jawn wud have
made the Wild Man of Barneo look
like a sargint in the Salvation Army.
His actions raysembled their contor-
tions of o nest ov dirtdaubers phat
have bees proded with a broom han-
He blamed everybody for Willie's
deffate; he blamed Dillsa; he blamed
Duncan; he blamed Nath an' Will; he
blamed all creashum, and forget to
blame the nayger Wetmore, who was
the most to blame, on account of
Willie letin him run the city council.
Well, between his desire to show
Dell Cassidey that he was'nt a leader
and his dayterminatien to get revenge
on Duncan, Nath and Will, all of
which were working to elect Dodge
sheriff, Jawn made up his mind ter
ram Tolliver down their throats of
4hem by electing his man sheriff.
That's their way 01 figger their
straightout split.
Pleas, me boy, and 01 ask yer to
send. charges prepaid, a Marconigram.
in care ov the Lord Chancellor ov
Olland, if 01 have flgeered it out
wrong. Your repatriated

Munich.-Dr. Emden talked interest-
Ingly on the extent of the "air mantle"
surrounding the earth. Manned bal-
los succeeded in reaching a beigth of
aboqt 33,000 feet. Unmanned: balloons
ros much higlier. the most sueosful
resisterIg a health of 77.000 feet. Ae-
cording to Schmldt in Athens the dusk
phenomena of summer occur at a height
of 800 miles, those of winter at a hegl*
of 406 miles. Some of the "illuminated
night clouds" are aid to pass the earth
at a height of 500 to 510 miles.
"So much for praetkal experiments,"
opines Dr. EFdent "theoretial calcula-
tions indicate that the air mantle may
reach to a height of 1,200 mlla."
Berlin.-Cyelamen persoium gigan*
team is the botanical same of a new
apeeles of Alp violet called "German
inpress" by its cultivator. a Chariot.
*o-y p a osA jM
*M--BN- VHe wh W V

2. 4:.

June 23, 1906


aS Peg






About the biggest surprise that has
come out lately in the field of poli-
ties, which is sewn thick with sur-
prises, is the announcement of Mr.
John Watson's probable candidacy
for Governor in 1908 in an editorial
printed in the Tropical Sun of West
Palm Beach. It is such a well venti-
lated secret that the Florida East
Coast Railway owns the Tropical Sun
that the mention of Mr. Watson as a
candidacy by this paper carries with
it the impression that the influence oft
the East Coast Railway wil be thrown
to Mr. Watson in case tie prediction
of the Tropical Sun should be veri-
What makes this THE BIG sur-
prise is the fact that any East Coast
Railway owned paper should advo-
cate or even mention for Governor
anybody but the Hon. E. S. Crill of
Palatka, who was brought out by the
Times-Union, which itself is not free
from the suspicion of Bast Coast
ownership. Those who make it their
business to keep tabs on the political
game have regarded it as a foregone
conclusion that the Influence of the
East Coast would be thrown to Mr
Crill. Some even going so far as to
say that Mr. Crill was promised thi
support when he so gracefully put hig
ambition to be Governor behind him
to make room for "Our Bob's" de
sires in the same direction last time
These gentlemen being from the sama
county, It would never have done fo
them to oppose eacn other in th
political scramble. It was with som
reluctance, it has been said, that Mi
Crill was Induced to forego his ambi
tion for four years, but he was fnall
persuaded, and did give "Our Bob
such loyal support as he Is so capable
of giving. The result of the vote l
Putnam county snowed that Mr. CrI
delivered the goods, because "O
Bob" received an almost unanlmoi
vote In Putnam. It was said also thi
this promise was reiterated when M
Crill, as Senator from Putnam, I
loyally supported and so earnest
worked for the passage of the K<
West Extension bill.
So, as I was saying, everybody
having framed up the political situ
tion, as far as the East Coast Rallwi
influence went, to hold nothing bi
Crill, the, taking up of John Watsi
by one of the Easut Coast papers
'o much of a surprise that it is p o
tively a shock. When the writer w
told by a prominent politician Is
week that this was going to hagpl

ne began to speculate upon the
quality of dope used by the aforesaid
politician, and elevated the sceptical
eyebrow to such an extent that the
politician said, "Well, if you don't
believe that, just wait ana see." Then
when the writer ran across this from
the Tropical Sun he began to believe
that the aforesaid politician hadn't
taken any dope at all but was talking
-straight goods.
Hon. J. W. Watson for Next Gov.
Speaking of the strong possibility
of Hon. J. W. Watson, recently nomi-
nated as Representative from Dade
county being made Speaker of the
next House of Representatives, one
of his staunch friends yesterday said
to The Tropical Sun: "How about
Watson for Governor?
The newspaper representatives, of
i course, could not say anything elge
than but "Just the thing."
In fact who could say anything
r against such a proposition.
Mr. Watson is one of the comiln
statesmen of Florida, snd while it is
doubtful if he has ever thought o1
such a thing as being Governor no
P Florida, the fact remains that no bet
s ter timber could be found in th<
s State. He is a successful man of hon
i eqt and clean methods, and his pas
political affiliations which cover I
period of many years, have placed
e him In a position above reproach.
r All the Tropical Sun has to say fo
e the present in connection with th
e nronesltion is that should he ent
r. two years hence, he will be sure t
1. carry a strong following.-Troplct
y Sun.
its T*e was some attempt to launr
le the Watson boom for Governor at. tt
n Wlte meeting of the Democratic Stat
11 Executive Committee. I, of course
ir heard this but did not consider
as other than a little harmless escape i
it hot air due to enthusiasm over M
r. Watson's seeming Invincibility as
so candidate fcr the legislature, i
ly matter what county he moves Int
ey It now begins to look like Watsono
friends have gotten busy to son
|y purpose. However, as the game
a. young vet there may be other strain
ay to the East Coast bow. before the ri
ut work of campaigning begins.

Two weeks have passed since the
pulling off of the seeond primary and
there Is but one name added to those
mentioned for Speaker of the Rouse.
This is that of the Bos. W. A. Ma.

Williams of bt. Johns. Beyond meas-
uring up to the standard of physical
beauty, and being possessed of an
easy rolling tongue with which most
Irishmen are equipped, and
but outside of his ability
to look' the part, I don't
think that Mr. McWilliams measures
up to the standard which has been
set for statesmen of 20th century
vintage. He nas had some experi-
ence as a legislator but I don't re-
call that he has put his mark upon
the things THAT HAVE BEEN
STATE. I have not heard of a Mc-
Williams bill, or even of a McWil-
liams resolution, of general impor-
tance and I hardly think that my
good friend Mac, much as I like him,
will ever be addressed as "Mr.
Speaker." Up to this writing the con-
test is between Mr. Eugene Mathews
of Bradford and Mr. Syd Carter of
I Gainesville, both well qualified for
the position, but it is my opinion thai
9 the name of the next Speaker of the
I House of Representatives has not yet
f been mentioned in connection there
f with.

cartoon, "On to Tallahassee," is a
trifle premature, as far as the physi-
cal thing goes, but in spirit it is
abundantly true. These people are,
in spirit, on their way to Tallahassee.
The members are being besieged by
mail and if you don't believe that this
pleading has been going on for some
time Just write a letter to half a
dozen of the members-elect and ask
for some attache position and see if
you don't get an answer which reads
something like this:
"Yours to hand and noted. It would
be impossible for me to make any
definite pledge for the position you
seek because I have a candidate for
position and will be
obliged to trade my vote for the posi-
tion you seek f6r votes for the posi-
tion for which I have a candidate."



The candidates for the minor post- 5
tiona are as thick as blackberries on
the red clay hills of Loon, and any
one who doubts that blackberries are
think on the aforesaid Tallahassee
clay hills is Invited to come to the
Capital and take a drive out on the
Thomasville road and see for himself.
Artist Taylor has drawn what he
thinks Is the true situation, and as
the Imaglngations of artists, fertile
though they may be, are generally
somewhere within striking distance
of correctness, I think that Artist
Taylor has sucoeoded In depleting the
situation with fair accuracy. Just
before the day of session convening
any one who has mingled with the
crowd that gathers In Tallahassee a
day or two before the caucus is held
can see some old familiar faces and
note some well known spiels In the
picture drawn by Mr. Taylor. Vet-
erans of the late war, sons of vet-
erans of the late war, and sons of
poor and deserving widows, and old
political war horses who, "have given
their services to the party In the
trying daye of reconstruction" are all
on hand at these gatherings, and I
am informed that they have already
commenced the appeals which they
hone will result in their getting the
positions they covet. Mr. Taylor's

It seems that no one has yet de-
cided to announce his candidacy for
President of the Senate in opposition
to Hon. W. Hunt Harris but there
will no doubt be strong opposition to
him. I thought that John Henderson
would have announced long before
this but John HASN'T, although I
think It a pretty good guess thit
John WILL. Frank Adams won't
say that he WILL BE a candidate but
you can't get him to say that he
WON'T BE. And it would not be
VERY much of a surprise if Senator
Adams was to allow his name to 1o
before the caucus because he has
been very strongly solicited to be-
come a candidate by members of the
Senate, and if the appeals increase
in number an4 continue to come ill
Mr. Adams' well knpwn good nature
and repugnance to giving offence will
not permit him to longer decline

The decision of the State Demo-
cratic executive Committee that here-
after all contests for nominations for
the Legislature will be decided bY
the State Committee has stirred 'P
quite a little discussion. I think that
the decision of the committee is an
eminently right and proper one.
There can be no doubt in the world
that a Senator or a Representative is
a State, officer. Any man who can )"
elected President of the Senate and
thereby become Governor upon the6
death of the incumbent, and any 1"n
who can be elected Speaker of te
House and become Governor upon the
death of the Governor and the Pres-
(Continued.oa Iage 1.)




June 23, 1906


Seventh Pap

The Constable's Move wow.ACB
(Copyright 1905 by W. W. Jacobs.)

Mr. Bob Grummit sat In the
kitchen with his corduroy-clad legs
stretched on the tender. His wife's
half-eaten dinner was getting cold on
the table; Mr. Grummit, who was
badly in need of cheering up, emptieJ
her half-empty glass of beer and
wiped his lips with the back of his
"Come away, I tell you," he called.
"D'ye hear? Come away. You'll be
locked up if you don't."
He gave a little laugh at the sar'-
casm, and sticking his short pipe in
his mouth lurched slowly to the front-
room door and scowled at his wife
as' she lurked at iae back of the
window watching Intensely the fur-
niture which was being carried in
next door.
"Come away or else you'll be lock-
ed up," repeated Mr. Grummitt. "You
musn't look at policemen's furniture;
it's again the law."
Mrs. Grummit made no reply, but,
throwing appearances to the winds,
stepped to the window until her nose
touched, as a walnut sideboard with
bevelled glass back was tenderly
borne inside under the personal su-
pervision of Police-Constable Evans.
"They'll be havingg a planner next."
said the Indignant Mr. Grummitt,
peering from the depths of the room.
"They've got one," responded his
wife; "there's the end of It stickin'
up in the van."
Mr. Grummitt advanced and re-
garded the end fixedly. "Did you
throw all them tin cans and things
Into their yard wot I told you to?"
he demanded.'
'* He picked up three of 'em while
I was upstairs," replied his wife. "I
heardd 'Im tell her that they'd come In
handy for paint and things."
"That's 'ow coppers get on and buy
slauners," said toe incensed Mr.
Grummit, "sneaking other people's
property. I didn't tell you to throw
good 'uns over, did I? Wot d'ye
meon by it?"
Mrs. Grummit made no reply, but
watched with bated breath the tri-
umnbal entrance of the piano. The
rarman set it tenderly on the narrow
footpath, while P. C. Evanq. stooping
low. examined It at all points, and
Mrs. Evans. raising the lid, struck a
few careless chords.
"8bowing off," explained Mrs.
Grummit. with a half turn; "and
sbe' cot fingers like carrots."
"It's a disgrace to Mulberry Gard-
ners to 'ave a conner come and live In
It." said the Indignant Grummit:
"and to come and live next to me!
-that's what I can't get over. To
come and live next door ta a man wot
has been fined twice, and both times
wrone. Why. for two pins I'd go in
and smash 'is planner first and 'Im
after it. He won't live 'ere long, you
take my word for it."
"Why not?" InMntred his wife.
"Why?" repeated Mr. Grummit.
"Why? Why, becos I'll make the
place too 'ot to hold him. Ain't there
enough houses In Tunwich without
'Im **coming and living next door to
For a whole week the brain con-
cealed in Mr. Orummit's bullet-shap-
ed head worked in vain,. and his tem-
pet' got corresoondingly bad. The
day after the Evans' arrival he had
found his yard littered with tins
which he recognized as old acquali.-
tances, and sinoe that time they had
traveled backwards and forwards
with monotonous regularity. They
sometimes made as many as thrne
Journeys a day, and on one occasion
the heavens opened to drop a battered
tin bucket on the back of Mt. Grum-
mit as he was tying his bootlace.
Five minutes later he spoke of the
outrage to Mr. vans, who had come
out to admire the sennsit.
"I heard something fall," said the
constable, eyelng the pall curiosly.
"You.threw it," said Mr. Gram-

mit, breathing furiously.
"Me? Nonsense," said the other
easily. "I was having tea in the par-
lour with my wife and my mother-in-
law, and my brother oJe and his
young lady."
"Any more of 'em?" demanded the
hapless Mr. Grummit, aghast at this
list of Witnesses for an alibi.
"It ain't a bad pall, if you look at
It properly," said the constable. "I
should keep it if I was you; unless
the owners offers a reward for it. It'll
hold enough water for your wants."
Mr. Grummit flung indoors and,
after wasting some time concorcting
Impossible measures of retaliation
with his sympathetic partner at the
BricJlayerq' Arms. The company, al-
tnough unanimously agreeing that
Mr. Evans ought to be boiled, were
miserably deficient in Ideas as to the
means by which such a desirable
end was to be attained.
"Make 'im a laughing-stock, that's
the best thing," said an elderly
laberly labourer. "The police don't
like being laughed at.'
'Ow?" demanded Mr. Grummit,
with some asperity.
"There's plenty o' ways," said the
old man.
"I should find 'em out fast enough
if I 'ad a bucket dropped on my back,
I know."
Mr. Grummitt made a retort the
feebleness of which was somewhat
balanced by its ferocity, and subsided
into glum silence. His back still
ached, but, despite that aid to Intel-
lectual effort, the only ways he could
Imagine of making the constable look
foolish contained an almost certain
risk of hard labour for himself.
He pondered the question for a
week, and meanwhile the tins-to
the secret disappointment of Mr.
Evans-remained untouched In his
yard. For the whole of the time he
went about looking, as Mrs. Grummit
expressed it, as though his dinner
had disagreed with him.
"I've been talking to old Bill
Smith," he said, stqddenly, as he
came in one night.
Mrs. Grummit looked up, and no-
ticed with wifely pleasure that he
was looking almost cheerful.
"He's given me a tip," said Mr.
Grummit, with a faint smile: "a cop-
per musn't come Into a free-born
Englishman's 'house unless he's in-
"Wot of It?" Inquired his wife.
"You wasn't think of asking him In,
was you?"
Mr. Grummit regarded her almost
playfully. "If a copper comes in
without being told to," he continued,
"he gets into trouble for It. Now
d'ye see?"
"But he won't enme," said the puz-
sled Mrs. Grummit.
Mr. Grummit winked. "Yes 'e
will if you scream loud enough," he
retorted. "Where's the copper-
"Have you gone mad?" demanded
his wife, "or do you think I 'ave?"
"You go up into the bedroom,"
said Mrs. Grummit, emphasising his
remarks with his forefinger. "I come
uo and beat the bed black and blue
with the copper-stick: you scream for
mercy and call out 'Help!' 'Murder!'
and things like that. Don't call out
'Police!' cos Bill ain't sure about that
nart. Vans comes burstingw In to save
your life-I'll leave the door on the
latch-and there you are. He's sure
to get Into trouble for it. Bill said so.
He's made a stud" o' that sort o'
Mrs. Grummit pondered this sim-
ule plan so long that her husband
began to lose patience. At last.
against her better sense, she rose and
fetched the weapon In anestlon.
"And you be careful what you're
hitting." she said, as they went up-.
stairs to bed. "We'd better have
'Igh words frst, I s'pose?"
"You pIteh Into me wiS yeur

tongue," said Mr. Grummit, amiably.
Mrs. Grummit, first listening to
make sure that the constable and his
wife were in the bedroom the other
side of the flimsy wall, complied, and
in a voice that rose gradually to a
piercing falsetto told Mr. Grummit
things that had been rankling in her
mind for some months. She raked
up misdeveanors that he had long
since forgotten, and, not content
with that, had a fling at the entire
Grummit family, beginning with her
mother-in-law and ending with Mr.
Grummit's youngest sister. The hand
that held the coper-stick Itched.
"Any more to say?" demanded Mr.
Grummitt advancing upon her.
Mrs. Grummit emitted a genuine
shriek, and Mr. Grummit, suddenly
remembering himself, stopped short
and attacked the bed with extraor-
dinary fury. The room resounded
with the blows, and the efforts of
Mrs. Grummit were a revelation
even to her husband.
"I can hear 'lm moving," whisper-
ed Mr. Grummit, pausing to take
"Mur-der!" walled .his wife.
"Help! Helpt"
Mr. Grummit, changing the stick
Into his left nand, renewed the at-
tack; Mrs. Grummit, whose voice was
becoming exhausted, sought a tem-
porary relief in moans.
He knocked over a chair, and Mrs.
Grummit contrived another frensled
scream. A loud knocking sounded on
the wall.
"Hel-lp!" moaned Mrs. Grummit.
"Halloa, there!" came the voice of
the constable. "Why don't you keep
that baby quiet? We can't get a wink
of sleep."
Mr. Grummit dropped the stick on
the bed and turned a dased face to
his wife.
"He-he's afraid-to come In," he
gasoed. "Keep it up, old gal."
He took up the stick again and
Mrs. Grummit did her best, but the
heart had gone out of the thing, and
he was about to give up the task as
hopeless when the door below was
heard to open with a bang.
'Here he is," cried tue Jubilant
Grummit. "Now!"
His wife responded, and at the
same moment the bedroom dor was
flung open, and her brother, who hid
been hastily fetched by the neigh-
bors on the other side, burst into the
room and with one hearty blow sent
Mr. Grummit sprawling.
"Hit my sitter, will youl he roa,ed,
as the astounded Mr. Oummitt rose.
'Take that!"
Mr. Grummit took it, and several
other favors, while his .Ite, tugging
at her brother, endeavored to ex.
plain. It was not, however, until Mr.
Gummitt claimed the usual sanctuary
of the defeated by refusing, to rise
that she could make herself heard.
".Toke?" repeated her brother, In-
cmdulously,. "Joke?"
Mrs. Grummit in husky volce ex-
nnlalned. Her brother passed from
Incredulity to amazement and from
amazement to mirth. He sat down
gurgling, sad the Indignant face of
the Inlured Grummit only a4ddd to
his distress.
"Bet joke I ever heard of in Wmy
life," be said, wfilng his eves. "Do
not look at me like that, Bob: I can't
bear It."
'Get off 'ome." responded Mr.
Grummlt. glowing at him.
"There's a crowd outside. and half
the doors in the place open." said the
other. "Well, it's a good job there's
no harm done. So long."
He passed, beaming, down the
stairs, and Mr. Orummit, drawing
near the window, heard him explain-
ing In a broken voice to the nemigh-
bours outside. Strong men patted him
on the back and urged him gruffly to
say what he had to say and laugh
afterwards. Mr. OGrmummlt. turned
front the window, and in a 6loe sd

stately fashion prepared to retire for
the night. Even the sudden and start-
ani disappearance of Mrs. Grummit
as he got into bed failed to move him.
"The bed's broke, Bob," she said
"Beds won't last for ever," he
said, shortly; "sleep on the floor."
Mrs. Grummit clambered out, and
after some trouble secured the bed-
clothes and made up a bed In a
corner of the room. In a short time
she was fast asleep; but her husband
broad awake, spent the nignt in de-
vising further Impracticable schemes
for the discomfiture of the foe next
He saw Mr. Evans next morning
as he passed on his way to work. The
constable was at the door smoking
in his shirt-sleeves, and Mr. Grum-
mit felt intlncitively that he was
waiting there to see him pass.
"I heard you last night." said the
constable, playfully. "My word! Good
"Wot's the matter with you?" de-
manded Mr. Grummit, stopping short.
The constable stared at him. "She
has been knocking you about," he
garped. "Why,, It must ha' been you
screaming, then! I thought it sound-
ed loud. Why don't you go and get
a.suimmons and have her locked up?
I should be pleased to take her.
Mr. Grummit faced him, ouivering
with passion. "Wot would It cost if
I set about you?" he demanded, hus-
"Two months," said Mr. Evans,
smiling serenely; "p'r'aps three."
Mr. Grummit hesitated and his fists
clenched nervously. The constable,
lounging against his door-post, sur-
veyed him with a disnaqasonstA
sminl. "That would be besides what
yon'd get from me." he ssid, softlv.
"Come out In the road." said Mr.
Grummit. with sudden violence.
"It's again the rules," said Mr.
lvans: "sorry T can't. Why not go
and '*k your wife's brother to oblige
He went In laughing and closed the
don", and Mr. Grummit. after a fren-
Pled outburst, proceeded on his way,
returning the smiles of such acquain-
taties as he Vnased with an Icy stare
or a strongly-worded offer to make
them laugh the other side of their
face. The rest of the day he anent In
working so bard that he had no time
to rfivy to the anxious inquiries of
his fellow-workmen.
Fe came home at night glum and
allent, the hardship of not being ab'e
to give Mr. Evans his deserts with-
out incurring hard labour having
weigbed on his spirits all day. To
avoid the annoyance of the piano
neTt door. which was slowly and re-
l,fcastly fielding un "The Last Rose
of Snmer" note by note. he went out
at the back, and the first thing he
saw was Mr. Rvans mending his path
with tinm and other brce-abrae.
"Nothing like it." said the consta-
ble. looking tun. "Your missus ave
'em to us this morning. A little gravel
on top. and there you are."
NIe turned whistling to his work
again. and the other, after endeavor-
Ing In vain to frame a suitable reply,
took a set on an Inverted wash-tub
and lit his nitpe. His one hone was
that Constable BEvans was going to
try and cultivate a garden.
The hone was realized a few days
later, and Mr. Orummit at the back
window sat gloating over a dosen
fine germanlums, some lobelias and
calceolarias, which decorated the
constable's plot of ground. He could
not sleep for thinking of them.
He roee early the next morning,
and, after remarking to Mrs. Grum-
mit that Mr. Evas's flowers looked
as though they wanted ran, went off
to his work. The cloud which had
been on his spirits for some time had
lifted, ad he whistled a. he walked.
(Osutlnued a Teth Page.)

- .-^

rHd, 23, I06
Sefufdvy, June 23, 1906






When You Want to Kno Ask a.
We are always pleased when our brethren of the Florida press
design to favor us with a kindly expression.
We have the utmost good will for these hard worked but poorly
paid people, and as We believe them to be, for the most part, good
men, we try our best to be worthy of their commendation.
Once in a while, though, one of them, without taking the trouble
rlonorm himself, assumes to speculate about us and to suspect us
of doing improper things.
AJ 0 in point Is that of the editor of the Volusla County Record
who last week in speaking of the change of location of THE BUN
fro*' Jacksonville to Tallahassee, said:
"It is said that there Is plenty of money behind this newspaper and
that It will be a red hot administration organ. Now will Claude and
Cartoonist Taylor tell the public who it Is that is putting up the
'dough'? We suspect that it is the heavy blows and crushing effect
of Editor Collins' showing up of the grafting policy of the administra-
tion the cause of this importation of L'Engle and Taylor."
Of course, until we do something that brings us properly before
the public for censure it is nobody's business where we get money
to carry on our own business or whether we are a red hot adminis-
tration organ or not.
But Just because there may be some foolish persons who would be
affected by what this evil minded editor prints who has not done us the
honor to ask us the question, but who rushes into print with it, and
with his improper surmises, we will answer coriatim.
First, there is not plenty of money behind this newspaper. There
is, however, sufficient money behind it to accomplish its object, which
it, the maintaining of the great State newspaper which we have already
Second, this paper will be a redhot administration organ when the
administration is right, and needs defense from improper attacks by
uninformed or disappointed persons. It will be a redhot ANTI-ADMIN-
ISTRATION ORGAN if the administration happens to do wrong, which,
as the administration is composed of honest men, we do not anticipate
will happen. We have differed with the administration on public
questions and have expressed our differences editorially but we have
not by this forfeited the respect or good will of the administration.
We predict that there will be many other occasions during the life
of THE SUN and the life of the present administration in which there
will be an honest difference between us. When this happens we will
exercise our right to express our opinion in the proper manner on this
question as well as on every other question concerning the people
of Florida. The best way to Judge what a man will do is to examine
what he has done, and we challenge any man to convict us of failure
to express our opinion when we conaldered It necessary or right.
Third, the editor of this newspaper, who, with the exception of a
few shares taken by his friends In compliment to him, OWNS ALL of the
stock of both The Sun Company and the Capital Publishing Co., is
using HIS OWN MONEY to carry on hi business; and as to the
source from Whence this money came, we say; THAT IT WAS GIVEN
Fourth, the insinuation that Editor Collins' screeds, and out-
pourings, due to a torpid liver, on the devoted heads of the present
administration, has caused the gentlemen composing it to bring us
to Tallahassee, and the insinuation that it is their money that we are
using, is FOOLISH.
When we want to sell our influence we will carry our goods to
people who HAVE MONEY. If this paper had been for sale, oppor-
tunity was not lacking to negotiate such a transaction on our own
On a memorable occasion last December, when we were getting
ready to print the true naval stores situation, we were shown where
the money was, and if the members of the present administration were
to walk off with the entire contents of the State treasury, they would
still have no money, compared to the people who took us up on the
The Volusia County man winds up his little fling at us by using
these words: "But there is a reckoning coming when the people of
Florida awake to the fact that they are daily, weekly, monthly and
yearly being robbed right and left."
If the Volusia County editor REALLY BELIEVES THIS and he
doesn't take the next train to Tallahassee and dig up the facts about
this terrible condition he should be branded as an enemy of the State
In failing to do his part to save it from such everlasting shame and
We promise the Volusla County editor, and all others concerned,
that we will print facts about what the State administration Is doing. We
believe that our mission is to give Information to the people and we
shall deal only in this commodity and shall not allow ourselves to
"suspect" things.

Sb(fly Hollomon and Willi, Ringworm.
If any person were to go into any given community In this country
and confining himself strictly to facts, would tell about the conditions
in Jacksonville in which a rainbow chaser like Holloman and a silly
nonentity like Carter can pull off, year after year, a fake aggregation of
cheap shows, FOR THEIR PRIVATE GAIN, and call it a great carni-
val, with the endorsement of the City Council, he would be laughed at
But such is the condition.
by 250 business men, who, tired of being grafted by Carter and
SHolloman, wanted to put on an amument project of their own in
the streets of Jacksonville next fall.
To fool people year after year is quite an achievement, but to fool
people annually and MAKE 'EM LIKE IT 1is the quintessence of trickvery,
and this ls what Carter and Holloman have
If the shade of the late lamented P. T. Barnum were to visit Jack-
sonville and, without knowing them, were to meet Messrs. Holloman
ind Carter, the host of the prince of fakirs would unconsciously
uncover his head, in humble obeisance to hi. m ,asa-ba.

uo the merchants, 250 of them, are not to be allowed to
their amusement program in which they can RECEIVE BENEFITS
Holloman have coneived the profitable Idea, that thi Prtloular
bulasm belonga esousvel, to theme

Illusions...One By One We See Them Fade.
One of the penalties of living more than a dozen years iftrer one
has reached the age of 25 is that the person sees, one by one, his cher.
shed illusions fade.
We have always been of the opinion that It was impossible to cut
oneself with a safety razor. We formed this opinion not from any
practical demonstration of its truth, but because other people, ji
whose judgment we had faith, had declared it to be a fact.
Its different now. We know that one can cut himself with a safety
razor. We tried It for the first time this week.
This reflection leads us to a thought of William Travers Jerome of
New York.
We had faith in Jerome. We thought that he was a man of great
courage, unswerving integrity and unimpeachable honesty of purpose,
The writer had a personal acquaintance with Jerome of a year's
duration. He was one of a score of New York newspaper reporters
who called daily on Jerome for items of news, of which Jerome was
always full. He was a JEROME MAN, like most of the other news.
paper men in New York. Since his removal from the Immediato scene
of Jerome's activities, he has watched, through the newspapers, the
career of Jerome and has taken copious drafts of satisfaction at the
way Jerome was doing things.


V1ILL Kit p lit

VW -



When Jerome was elected last fall as a JEROME MAN, in face of
thre position of all the established parties, we were particular)Y
gratified and this gratification found editorial expression In which "'.
lauded the object of our admiration and pronounced him THE COMING
But alas Like our experience with the safety rasor we are now
forced to the conclusion that Jerome has been "seen," and that 1W
CANNOT RESIST THE PRESSURE brought on public men of "s
stamp by the great money interests of the country. His failure to
prosecute Perkins and the revelation of his dealings with Canfle'l
have caused the Governor of New York to file charges of official n"!"
conduct against him, which charges are signed by" *ive promineCt
itizens, and in which Mr. Jerome is charged with nonfeamn e, "'
feaance and malfeasance.
Poor Jerome! He had a great opportunity but be i4ed to improve
ITh forM of evil wore too astros for thm.


Legal Rnanckers-Moral Roe.
When the Constitution makers of this Republic, and of this Stato
re pursuing their labors, it is clear that they proceeded on the
umption that the citizens who were to live under the product of
eir labors, would be guided, to a large exteAt, by the principle laid4
n in the moral code; because, while they defined that every man
would have his LEGAI4 rights, they made it possible, by leaving gaps
ken, for a man to assert his LEGAL rights and at the same time
immit GREAT MORAL WRONGS against his neighbors.
The Constitutions, both State and National, say that no man shall
) reprived of property without DUE PROCESS OF LAW, but the
tactical working out of this clause has demonstrated that a man can
9 safe-guarded against illegal processes to deprive him of his property,
at may still BE DEPRIVED OF HIS PROPERTY Just as effectually.
For a practical demonstration of the correctness of the view we put
)rth in the opening paragraphs of this editorial, we refer the reader
) the system of tax titles legalized in this State by Legislative enact-
Operating under these laws men with fat pocketbooks and atrophied
msclences, are able to buy tax titles and acquire thereby the land
f their neighbors by paying an infinitely small fraction of its value Into
ie State treasury.
This is what we mean when we say that a man can be well WITHIN

4 AoO r-



his LEGAL rights and well OUTSIDE the MORAL right.
When the makers of the Constitution put In that part about, "due
process of law," they assumed that the people would observe the
When the Legislators put the tax title law on the statute books
their object was to fix some way by which the Sate of Florida could
collect its taxes. They never had the remotest idea that conselenceless
men would take advantage of this law to commit a LEGALIZED
ROBBERY on their neighbors. But this is how the law operates.
When land began to increase In price in this State a horde of hungry
speculators, lost to all considerations of justice, right or equity, and
cbsessed by the lust for money, descended upon Tallahassee and
bought, by the thousand, the tax certificates issued against the lands
of poor people and Ignorant people for unpaid taxes. These despoilers
had nocs ern for the arrynlag out th spirit of the law, wbah was
to enable the tate of Florida to aollet its tax; they were not thilke
ias of the t$ e of iwMlds, so o tha* ileA r3 amd thM MIako



Satuday, June 23, 1906

nIor anything but the opportunity to add another lot of useless dollars
to their already overflowing piles.
We have heard expressions like these used in describing this mesa
of acquiring wealth-"fortunate speculation," "keen businee
t ions" careful watching and prompt selizing of an opportunity,"
^oeztins of captains of Industry," etc., ad Infinitum and ad natam.
OWe ta the liberty to pronounce it PLAIN, UNADULTERATSD
On count fpt the imperfection of human laws a man ma be a
good oltimae leglly, but a moral robber; and every man who ouht
a tax title for the rpose of OWNING THE LAND and thus taking
adventege of his nel or and depriving him of his property WITHOUT
JUST COMPENSATIOw mes under this classification.
There AREB ena who A bought tax titles for the purpose of taking
advantage of the high rat interest put on tax certificates and with
no idea of assuming owners of the land. These men are just plain
money lenders and are entitle some respect.
And there are men who hav ught tax titles for the purpose of
perfecting title to lands, which t already owned, which was emi-
nently right and proper, both legal d morally.
But there are others, many of th who have bought tax titles
because they WANTED THE LAND an ho have not hesitated TO
It Is our purpose to offer some suggestions he Governor of this
State for transmital by him to the next Legisl that will, in our
opinion tend to correct this evil and make it no r possible for a
man without conscience to acquire riches by the im hment of his
Mr. Taylor presents, in his cartoon on this page, th ition we
have attempted to describe in this editorial and we c 4 the
cartoon to the thoughtful study of the good people of this
We are now getting up a list of those who niave purch ax
titles and acquired the land, and as soon as it is completed
publish it, so that the people may know who has done the land grab
and Incidentally be informed as to the source of some of the ne
acquired fortunes of people who have been flaunting their money in th
face of the public.

Ob I Colossal Impudence, Graham is 'by Xaster !
It seems that Mr. John A. Graham WILL have it.
We have avoided inflicting on the public the bill of particulars of

Mr. Graham's dishonest career in this State because, until he was
put In position to do damage to the public, we were loth to present
it so unsavory a dish.
But, blinded by his vanity and still suffering from that convenient
memory which has so easily and so disastrously affected those who
have had business with him, Graham has had the impudence to In-
form against the editor of this paper for criminal libel.
In spite of the colossal impudence of this proceeding of Graham's,
we will recognize it as a call for a show-down, and as it MAY be
necessary for us to present proof in a courtof law of the truth of our
statements against Graham, for his blind folly MAY carry him that
far, we will get up the proofs of Mr. Graham's various rascalities and
print them from time to time.
We say that it is possible that Graham's folly may carry him to the
extent of facing us In court but we do not believe it is PROBABLE.
We think there may be a limit to even Graham's impudence and we
think that Mr. Graham has entered his libel suit and has made his
Information for criminal libel, for the purpose of showing the voters
of Manatee county that he was ready to defend himself.
Owing to the confusion and the demands on our time Incident to
the moving of THE BUN office to Tallahassee, which took place this
week, we have been unable to give the Graham matter such attention
as to enable us to bring forward our proof. We will, however, com-
mence the Graham series next week, and we promise our readers
to make the PROOF CONCLUSIVE but the RECITAL BRIEF; because
it is a fixed principle with us never to dwell on unpleasant subjects
nor to ask our readers to journey with us through a Dismal swamp
covered with a growth of noxious weeds.
We have a vivid recollection of heart rending recitals, in the columns
of there Tallahassee True Democrat, of the sufferings of Walter Taylor
!n the convict camp. We were In sympathy with these expressions of
our brother, because to our mind it is difficult to picture a situation worse
than that of a white man confined in any of the State convict camps,
however well conducted they may be. We take It rather unkindly,
though, In Brother Collins to have so harrowed up our feeling .I1th-
out apparent cause, for we note that in the Issue of the Tallaltwe
True Democrat following the pardon of Taylor, Editor Collins extends
the thanks of the citizens of Tallahassee to the managers of the
Marion farms for their extreme kindness in giving Mr. Taylor at a
lucrative salary, the very job he had before, and in which, according
to Collins, he suffered so much while serving the State without salary.
We note that the Tampa Times speculates editorially upon the
mysteries of Duval county politics and cites the mix-up in the second
primary, just held, as proof of the fact that no one can fathom these
mysteries. We knew that we were absolutely unequal to the task,
so we requested our good friend Pat Murphy to shed the light of his
Irish wit and wisdom on this vexed question, and fortunately, we
received a letter from Pat in time to prevent the editor of the
Tampa Times, and all others inteested, from getting dotty over the
hunt for a solution of this puzssle.
We heartily endorse the proposition that the Hon. John Sharpe
Williams be given the Chair of Political Economy and History ln the
University of Virginia. We would be equally enthusiastic in our en-
dorsement of a proposition to bestow upon the Hon. John Sharpe Wil.
l'ams the sceptre of Hindustan or the diadem of Beloochtstan or the
Vice-Regency of Madagascar. In fact we would endorse any propo-
titoes, however exalted the future position of Mr. John Sharps
Williams might be, that would take him out of the Congress of the
United State, where, ia leader of the minority of the House of Rep,
resntative, he would be a farce it his alleged leadership was not
a esalalty to the DemooraUo party.




. [ ** "
' .' <.',.,-
*A '',




r /j


MD 3T n
1 0
A -12 rR

4 :l ,.

June 23,1906


a wNssTb rM V .W ,


Non=nhurcnl u0oers


By Rev. T. H. enry Blenus, Pastor Church Street
Christian Church

(Continued from Beventh Page.)
The light of low*n In front windows
added to a1s .ood humour.
He wsA still In god spirits
when he left of work that
afternoon, but som slight hew
Itatlou about roetaming home
sent him to the r"cblyet Arms
Instead. He swtye4 there U eloelag
^ time, ad then. being f ts l dAialoliaed
for home, paid a vist to Bill Smith,
who llved the other side of Tunwioh,
By e time he otrted for home It
we nearly i4dulghto
The outkittea of the town were
deserted a0d the houses In darkness.
The clock of Tunwicho church struet
twelve, sad the last stroke was Jast
dying away as he turned a corner
and ran almost Into the army of the
man he had been trying to avoid.
"Haoatis" sall ConstabLe vans,
sharply. "Here, I want a word with
Mr. 0rummit q illed. "With me,
sir?" he said, with Involuntary re-
'What have you been dcing to my
flower? What lowe ?"
"You know well enough," retorted
the constable. "You-got over my
fence IfAt night and smashed all my
flower down."
"YoU be careful wot you're say-
Ia.s" urge$ Mr. Grummit. "Why, I
loe owers. You don't mean wot you
put in so careful 'as been spoiled?"
"You know all about It," said the
Smnstable, choking. "I shall take out
a summons against you for it."
"Hot" said Mr. Orummit. "And
wot time do you say It wa. when I
done it?"
"Never you mind the time," said
the other.
"Coo it's Important," said Mr.
"My wife's brother--the one you're
so fond of--lept in my housee last
night. He was 111 art the night, pore
chap; but, come to think of it, it'll
make 'im a good witness for my nno-.
"If I wasn't a policeman,' said Mr.
Evans, sneaking with great delibera-
tion, "I'd take hold o' you. Bob
Grummit, and I'd give you the big.
gest hiding you've ever had In your
"It you wasn't a policeman," said
Mr. Grummit, yearningly, "I'd art
murder you."
The two men eyed each other wist-
fully. loth to part.
"If I gave you what you deserve T
should get Into trouble," said the
"It I gave you a quarter of wot
you ought to 'ave I should go to
quod." alghed Mr. Grummit.
"I wouldn't put you there," said
the constable, earnestly; "I swear I
"Bverything's beautiful and quiet,"
said Mr. Grnmmit, trembling with
meageres, "and I wouldn't say a
word to a soul. I'll take my. solemn
davit I wouldn't."
"When I think o' my garden--"
bega3 the constable. With a sudden
movement he knocked off Mr. GOrm.
mit's cap, and then. milling him by
the coat, began to hustle him along
the road. In the twinkling of an eye
they had closed.
Tnnwleh church chimed the half.
hour as they finished, and Mr. Orum-
mit, forgetting his own Inturles.
stood smiling at the wreek before
him. The constable's helmet had been
smashed and trodden on: his uniform
was torn and covered with blond and
dirt. and bis tood loks marred for a
fortnight at least. ne stooned with a
groan, and. recovering hid helmet,
tried mehohanteally to punch It Into
shaoe. Re stuck the battered relic on
his head. himself.
"It was a fair fight." he stam-
The constable waved him away.
"Get out o' my sight before I change
'ay -mind." he said. fie-ceiv: "and
mind. if von say a word about this
ft" *< vn** fpr mui "

"Do yF-1i tIn T've unnp mad'"'
aid. the other. He too.. another look

at his victim, turning away, danced
fantastically along the road home.
The constable, making his way to a
as lamp, began to Inspect dua'ag.
They were worse even than he
had thought, and, leasing against the
lImp-pst, he sought l 1 vain for hn
eaplanaton that, I1 the absence of a
prisoner, would SatMlsf th e Inspector.
A button which was hanging by a
thread fol tinkling on to the foot-
path, and he hal just pickeJ it up
and placed It tn hi pocket when a
faint distant outcry broke upon his
He turned and walked as rapidly
as his condition would permit in the
direction of the notice. It became
louder and more imperative, and
cries of "Polee1" became distinctly
audible. He quitzened into a run,
and turning a corner beheld a little
knot of people standing at the gate
of a large house. Other people only
partially clad were hastening towards
them. The constable arrived out of
"Better !ate than never," said the
owner of the house, sarcastically.
Mr. Evans, breathing painfully,
supported himself wit'i his hand on
the fence.
"They went that way, but I sup-
pose you didn't se them," continued
the householder. "Halloal" be added,
as somebody opened the hall door
and the constable's damaged condi-
tion became visible in the gas-light.
"Are you hurt?"
"Yes," said Mr. Evans, who was
trying hard to think clearly. To
gain time he blew a loud call on his
"The rascals!" continued the other.
"T thinK I should know the big chap
with a beard again, but the others
were too quick for me."
Mr. Evans blew his whistle again-
thoughtfully. The opportunity seemed
too rood to lose.
"Did they get anything?" he In-
"Not a thing." said the owner.
triumphantly. "I was disturbed just
In time."
The constable gave a slight guln.
"T saw the three running bv the olde
of the road," he said. slowly. "Their
behaviour seemed suspicious, so I
collared the big one. but they set rn
me like wild cats. They had me down
three times: the last time I laid mv
head open against the kerb. and when
I came to my senses again they had
He took off his battered helmet
with a flourish and, amid a murmur
of symnathy, displayed a nasty cut
on bis head. A sergeant and a con-
stable, both running. appeared round
the corner and made towards them.
"Get back to the station and make
your report," said the former, as
Constable Bvans. it a somewhat de-.
fl"nt voice. repeated his story.
"You've done your best: I can see
Mr. Vans, enaetfiu to perfection
the nart of a weouded hero. limped
painfully off. praving devoutly as he
went that the criminals might make
rood their eesane. If not. he reflected
that the word of a policeman was at
least enual to that of three burglars.
He repeated his story at the sta-
tion, amud. after having his head
drensed. was sent home and advised
to keen himself nutet for a day or
twn. He was off dnty for four days.
and the Tunwich Gazsett* having di.-
eoted a column to the affair, headed
"4 nfllant (onstable." modestly se-
cluded himself from the public gaze
for the whole of that time.
To Mr. Grummlt. who had read the
article In ant'ention until be could
have repeated It backwards, thia
modesty was particularly trying Th',
constable'p yard was deerted and
the front door ever closely. Ones Mr.
Grnmwit even went so far as to tan
wlth his nails on" the front narlotnr
window. and the only re*nonse w'a

the sudden lowering of the blind. It
w04 "0t 0"Mtol a w*AIr afterwards that
%*4q pveq WprAe ,1dAIlpnad v a a *l't
of the constable sitting In his yard;

The press is the American King. The
throne of this monarch is firmly estab-
lished. This mighty potentate counts
his willing subjects by the millions. As
to his authority, it cannot be questioned.
To one he says Go," and straightway
he goeth; to another "Come," and lol
immediately he cometh.
"In these times," wrote the German
Heine, "we fight for ideas, and the news-
papers are our fortresses."
The editor of the newspaper from his
tripod, has many thousands within the
reach of his voice- a vast congregation
of deeply interested people. The up-to-
date newspaper is not a luxury longer,
but a necessity. To our ears the voice
of the newspaper is as sweet as the hon.
est bark of the faithful watch-dog. The
newspaper fresh from the press. pregnant
with world-wide news. is a welcome vis-
itor to every home. and while many a
drowsy head drops back upon its pillow
for the last "forty winks'" in the early
dawn, the early train is hurrying tens of
thousands of copies to the towns and
the villages whence thousands are find.
ing their way out over the rural routes;
for in these enlightened times the farmer
as well as his cousin of the city, reads
and highly prizes his favorite paper.
It has been wisely said "we read the
newspaper to see how God governs the
We quote, for the sake of variety, what
some have said of the newspaper.
Napoleon said: "A journalist is a
grumbler, a censurer, a giver of advice, a
regret of sovereigns, a tutor of nations.
Hostile newspapers are more to be feared
than a thousand bayonets."
Sheridan, in his "Critic," writes:
"The newspapers Sir, they are the
most villainous, licentious, abominable,
informal-not, that I ever read them.
No, I make it a rule never to look into a
Notwithstanding such illustrious opin-

and fearing that even then he might
esetpe him, he ran out on tip-toe and
nut his face over the fence before the
latter was aware of hid presence.
"Wot about that 'ere burglarly?"
he demanded In truculent tones.
"Good evening, Grummit," said
the constable, with a patronizing air.
"Wot about that burglary?" re-
peat Mr. Grummit, with a scowl. "I
don't believe you ever saw a burg-
Mr. Evans rose and stretched him-
self gracefully. "You'd better run In-
doors, my good man," he said, slowly.
"Telling all them lies about burg-
lars." continued the indignant Mr.
Grqmmit. producing his newsponnr
and waving It. "Why, I gave you that
black eye. I smashed your elmet, I
cut vour silly 'ead oven, IT-"*
"You'v'e been drinking," said the
et-'. severely.
"You mean to say I didn't?" de-
manded Mr. Grummit. ferociously.
Mr. Evans came closer and eyed
him steadily. 'I don't know what
you're talking about," he sad,
Mr. Grummit. about to seak
stonned anoalled at such hard sook,
"Of course, if you mean to say
that you were one o' them burglars,"
continued the constable "wbhy say it
and I'll take you with ppleauro.
Come to think of it. T did seem to re-
mehber one n' their voices."
Mr. Grummit, with his eyes fixed
on the other's. backed a. couple of
yard, and breathed heavily.
"About your height, too. he was,"
mused the constable. "I hone for
yoi,,r ske you haven't been ylng to
anybody else what you said to me
j r* Inw o dto
Mr. Grummit shook his head. "Not

Ions we believe every preacher in the
land should at least take two good in.
dependent newspapers. He should reand
them first of all for the news they con-
tain. There is not a theme adaptok to
the pulpit discourse that cannot be mnde
brighter, fresher and more forcible lby
bringing into it the doings and the siv.
wings of the times. A quotation front the
classics may be beautiful, a couplet from
some modern poet may mystify, a ref.
erence to some philosophic genius may
edify, but an illusion to .Some wrld
movement of the preent hour may elec-
The church ought to be well informed,
not only on the tenets and the doctrine
of its faith and order, but on current
events. There is not much warmth to he
expected from a religious fossil, in the
pulpit or in the pew. The sacred desk
should be a center of Information, and
not a place for dawdling, sickly, re-
vamped theological sentiment.
The minister is a man, and the church
is composed of men and women, and both
pastor and congregation must ue kept in
touch with the great throbbing, changing
events of the restless millions of earth;
for whatever interests humanity must of
a necessity interest the church of ind.
We believe the minister should take,
from time to time. the advantages offered
by the courtesy of the press, and allow
brief and pointed synopses of his sermons
to appear, not merely his sensational ser-
mons, but his best and most legitimate
The power wielded by the press is tre-
mendous, and as a rule the editors of our
dailies and weeklies are men of brond
and liberal views, and know and realize
it to be their province, in the truest
sense, to gather news and publish news,
and we must believe that in the columns
6f the newspaper a working pastor and a
useful church in gleaning illustrations
and information from many and varied
sources, will find a most fruitful source
of help.

a word," he faltered.
"That's all right, then," said Mr.
Evans. "I shouldn't like to be hard
on a neighbour; not that we shall lie
neighbors much longer."
Mr. Grummit, feeling that a reply
was expected of him, gave uterance
to a feeble "Oh!"
"No," said Mr. Evans, looking'
round disparagingly. "It ain't good
enough for us now; I was promoted
to sergeant this morning. A sergeant
can't live In a common place like
Mr. Grummit, a prey to a sickening
fear, drew near the fence again.
"A-a Pergeant?" he stammered.
Mr. Evans smiled and gazed care-
fully at a distant cloud. "For me
bravery with them burglars the other
night, Grummit," he said, modestly.
"I might have waited years if it
hadn't been for them."
He nodded to the frantic Grummlt
and turned away; Mr. Grummit, with-
out any adieu at all, turned and crept
back to the house.

If It's Drugs

TheW s s

to a11 --- t
Fi Un eogTe ATisi

Beittes Drug Store
Cor. by Md Ud r, Juse111, tFM
Ju wl W a A w m

U,...k Uvim"

SJune 23, IQ06

. .MMIL kfol -

N. r

June 23, 1906


UhwOnth Pap

The Czar's S py Ch*..i. William L. Qu.ux

"In sheer desperation I went to the Ministry
of the Interior and sought an interview with the
Baron, who, when I told him of the disaster,
appeared greatly concerned, and went at once
to the Police Department to make inquiry. Next
day, however, he came to me with the news
that the charge galnmt my mother had been
proved by a statement of the woman Shiproff
herself, and that she had already started on her
long Journey to 81bera--she had been exiled to
one of those dreaded Arctic settlements beyond
Yakutk, 'a place where It is almost eternal win-
ter, and where the conditions of life are such
that half the convicts are insane. The Baron,
however, declared that, as my father's friend,
it was his duty to act as guardian to me, and
that as my father had been English I ought to
be put to an English school. Therefore, with
self-assumed title of uncle, he took me to
Chichester. For years I remained there, until
one day he came suddenly and fetched me
away, taking me over to Helsingfors--for the
Csar had now appointed him Governor-General
to Finland. There, for the first time, he Intro-
duced me to his son Michael, a pimply-faced
lieutenant of cavalry, and said in a most deci-
sive manner that I must marry him. I naturally
refused to marry a man of whom I knew so
little whereupon, finding me obdurate, he
altered his tactics and became kindness Itself,
saying that as I was young he would allow me
a year In whicn to make up my mind.
"A week later, while living in the palace at
Helslngfors, I overheard a conversation between

I am amilia with the mer.
isof kidW' History of the
World, and ommend it to the
scholar M well u to the plain
people ernelly. Md

the Governor-General and his son, which re-
vealed to me a staggering truta that I had never
suspected. It was Oberg himself who had de-
nounced my mother to the Minister of the Inte-
rior, and had made those cruel, baseless charges
against heri Then I discerned the reason. She
being exiled, her fortune, as well as that of my
father, came to me. The reason they were
scheming for Michael to marry me was tIn order
to obtain control of my money. I saw at once
how helpless I was In the bands of that un-
scrupulous pair, and I recognilsed, too, sufelent
of the Baron's methods as The Strangler of
Finland,' to show me what kind of character
he was beneath that calm, eminently rspeetablo
black-coated exterior. After deliberately send-
ing my poor mother to 81beris, he had assumed
the role of my guardian In order that he might,
when I came of age, obtain control of my In-
heritance, the idea no doubt being that I should
marry Michael, and then, after the neoesary
legal formalities, I should, on a trumped-up
charge of conspiracy, share the same fate as my
mother had done."
"The Infernal scoundrel!" I ejaculated, when
I read her words, while from Jack, who had
been looking over my shoulder, escaped a pierce
and forcible vow of vengenee.
"The Baron took me with him to Petersburg
when he went on official business, and we re-
mained there nearly a month," the narrative
went on. "While there I received a secret mes-
sage from 'The Red Priest,' the unseen and Un-
known power of Nihilism, who has for so many

Ioft U"'rt'6 History
vale. and h0ope itwllro a
place generally In the libari
of t o f .s

Bose Is he Iss h hndlurdtherresl -

PM kOn w No& 69 1AL tMd the a& Mt PMAmb

RIdpath's History of theWorld
9 Massive Royal Octavo Volumes 4,000 double-column page.,
2,000 superb illustrations. Brand new, latest Uition down to
date, beautifully bound in half Morocco. Wge 6 Pemes.
We will name our price only in dret lefts to thosending us the Ieps below. Terer M o hIeps,
wsiu ad wJ F'u79, ad d b sa e hdaw M IM L
Dr. Ridpath is dead. his work is done, but his famy derive an income from his History, and i p
M prs_ b -eeeas-t, for the sake of more quickly selling these few sets, would cause p1t maM *M S.

M011 takes you back to the awn of history. long before

a enidor: of Mohammedan culture and reflinemntof
Wreld mnoe ad British power, to the rie of the Wetem
Se growth antteof personality over the old heroes of
hstotry. Axde Is there--patriot. warrior, statesman. dip-.
tmnaf-erownini the glory of Grecian histo.
S a7. Xerleo from his mnuntaln platform ee
CThemistoclei, with three hundred and nfty
i ~ Greek ship, mash his Penian fleet of over a
Thousand sall and help to mould thelanguage
i l which this paeragraph i written. Rome
perches Nero upon the Ireatest throne on
S- earth, and so sets up a poor madman's name
As to i stand for ecounttes cnturie sea smonyip
Sof savage cruelty. Napoleen fihts Waterloo
aam under your very esm and rets before
t roe fact that atlast the end of his aided
dream has rie. Blatarek is there-roff.
oerbearni a iant puitlit In Urthe diplomat-
kc rIntmUbIfipnwithicgim disdainrag FIance, which Rome
Yto sliandeforWcsbinetacist e to aleth
^wlinset. heumghttulh proof atatn] td theien of Britgih

ad bods T
g ssmm.

a i rd owl o w e 0an.
value as oo as you live and Lover and over wagma.
uagM ragdg Ng i mas AM. sli buire

"ma Im urn etm Ansm


Wasem si AMr t kl, Mall Ooupon TodayV-4"4
H0 Dearborn Street. Chbleo.
Plese mail, without eoa to me. R daath Semple Pfts
and full particular, as offered In the Jacksoale un.
Nam e ..... ........................ ......*.....................*** .....
When you end in this blank. pleeeinot4fy. b poMtal.
The Sun. Talt hs O ,= I,.

years baffed the pole. I wet to e himo, and
he revealed to me how Oberg had oontriveW to
have my mother banished upon a false charge.
e warned m Aga tnst the man who had pre-
tended to be my father's friend, and also told mas
tuat he had known my father intimately, and
that if I got into any further difficulty I was to
communicate with him and he would assist me.
Oberg took me back to Helsingfors a few
mouths later, and in summer we went to MnW-
land. He was a marvelously clever diplomatist.
(Continued on Page 18.)

it Does

y BS, IT WRITES underneath the
platen, called "blind writer" and
'out-of-date"-but that doesn't
prove anything.
If you had a well of fine water and
couldn't get it out, you'd want a pump.
Now, itf ten different kinds of pumis
were offered and you could try them
all, wouldn't you choose the one that
would bring up the most water with
the least effort, quickly? It's the water
you want; you wouldn't care whether
the pump had a crooked handle or a
straight nossle.
You have writing to do, that's why
you need a typewriter. Of course, you
can still write with a pen or pencil,
and so can water be brought up by a
bucket and chain; but few do it that
way any more-time is too valuable.
A pump, then, is valuable for the
water it will bring up; a mill, for the
grain it will grind; and. a typewriter,
for the writing It will produce. It
doesn't make any difference whether
the typewriter Is visible, or whether
its writing is In sight or underneath
the platen; whether it's an old-timer
or a new-comer. What you want is
the typewriter that will turn out the
most good work in the shortest time
with the least effort, and keep on doing
it year In and year out-it's the results
that count.
Any salesman can say his is the
"best" typewriter; the copyright has
run out on "best." But the


wll ot, out more good, oleamnut work of ah
othe teriMI. More dldo It wz
les ,, sado .
Oters ay be M ted to be

CIoA f ssa im puts noeatests.
als an tot., ald ote
words facts. Tre won beams
it is the fastet and s eus aehble to opeiw
ate saud ea ob depended upon.
Atl.we ask of you Is to ile one of our sae*.
mesn fttWn ltes of your time. f yo are In
or we oymlarIt oaty to Miesw" a

aIP5ar5 ler3wy 0t
mo by at oa =ll me
I#-rTed fe t you

Otd a w shv

sfactton la4r M o

8-I I0 18. sonl

* .

June 23, 1906



Continued from Page 8)
Slon on account of the failure of the
railroads to furnish cars in proper
time, the Commission has promptly
replied In language Identical with the
language used In the cas of the Me-
Dowell Co. Each shipper complaining
aih been advised by the Commission
to make written requests on the rail.
road for cars, being careful as to
dates and speltlcations of number
and inds of cars wanted, and that
the 06hmission stood ready at all
times upon camplaint that cars were
not furnished to issue a notice to the
railroads to show cause why
a fine should not be as-
sessed against them. One of three out
of the large number of complaining
shippers to follow the instructions of
the Commission and make good his
complaint to the Commission, with
satisfactory proof of the failure of
the railroads to furnish cars is the
McDowell Co. The Commission takes
the position that if a thing is worth
having it is worth asking for and
that the shippers can get relief It
toey, will pursue the course outlined
by the Commission.
As an interesting sidelight on this
condition, though having no direct
bearing on any complaint of shortage
of cars but which still has a very
important connection with the case, we
give the opinion rendered by the At-
torney General June 16, 1906, to
the Railroad Commission in the case
of Zaring & Co., of Jacksonville,
against the A. C. L. Railroad, for de-
murrage on car which the railroad
company failed to deliver to the or-
der of the complainants. The railroad
company refused to pay the claim
for demurrage and the Zaring Co.
complained to the Commission, ask-
ing them for relief. The Railroad
Commission wrote the railroad com-
pany, requesting -them to pay the
claim. This the railroad company re-
fused to do, on the ground that the
shipment having originated from an
out-of-the-State point the Florida
Railroad Commission had no jurisdic-
tion in the matter. The Railroad Com.
mission then requested the Attorney
General of the State to inform them
of its rights in the matter, with which
request the Attorney General compli-
ed by rendering the opinion which
Tallahasqee, Fla., June 16, 1906.
Hon. Railroad Commissioners, Talla-
hassee, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I am in receipt of
your communication of recent date,
enclosing papers relating to claim No.
1740, for demurrage on carload ship-
ment from an out of the State point.
You request my opinion as to the
power of the Commissioners to en-
force the claim for demurrage on
Inter-State shipment In this and
similar cases. In reply I beg to say
that I am of the opinion that Chap.
4700, Laws of Florida, vests the
Railroad Commissioners of this State
with full power and authority to pro.
vide and prescribe demurrage rules
and regulations which may be neces-
sary to secure prompt handling,
transportation and delivery of all
freight from along its line for trans-
portation. I observe that the railroad
company against whom the claim for
demurrage in this case arose declines
to pay the demurrage upon several
grounds. First, because of the failure
of the consignee to pay the freight
promptly: secondly, because the ears
were ordered to a connecting line;
and thirdly, because the "penalty
rules Issued by the allroad Commis-
lsion of Florida do not aply to Inter.-
State shipments."
I will consider the last objection
The principle which pervades the de-
cisions of the Supreme Court of the
United States where State statutes as-
sume to lay a burden upon Inter-
State commerce Is: that only such
legislation by the States is inhibited
hy the Constitution of" the United

States as impedes, obstructs or eon.
trols or comes In eoaflict with some
tatuts passed by congress to regu.
IM It ueM *y TbIR MI that Itate

statutes which affect Inter-State com-
merce without amounting to a regu-
lation of it are valid, and it is un-
doubtedly true that so long as the
State legislation is not in conflict
with any law passed by Congress in
pursuance of its powers, and Is mere-
ly intended and operates, in fact, to
aid commerce and to expadit instead
of hindering the safe and prompt
transportation of persons and prop-
orty from one State to another, it Is
not repugnant to the Constitulon of
he United States and will be enforced,
either as supplementary to Federal
statutes relating to the same subject,
utes relating to the same subject,
or in lieu of such legislation where
Congress has not exercised its pow-
ers at all."
I regard the demurrage rules
prescribed by the Railroad Commis-
sioners as intended for the conven-
ience of the citizens of the State,
whose property is handled by railroad
companies for transportation, and
are designed to facilitate and expedl-
ate the prompt handling thereof,
an4 cannot be construed in any other
way than as an aid to commerce,
whether Intra or Inter-State and on
this ground I think the rules are
(Signed by Attorney General.)
If the railroads are made to pay
demurrage, as indicated by the Attor-
ney General's decision, the shortage
of cars will soon be turned into a
That the lumber interests are not
the only ones which are suffering on
account of this congestion of the
Jacksonville terminals is so well
known that it Is only necessary to
give one instance in proof of this
statement. A copy of a letter received
by the Railroad Commission is sub-
Letter From Stringfellow & Doty Co.
Jacksonville, June, June 18, 1906.
Railroad Commission, Tallahassee,
Gentlemen:-On the lith of thid
month we had a wire from D. R.
Knight & Bro., Miami, for a car nf
hay. We sent this car of hay the
same day the letter was received, to
the Florida East Coast Railway, and
they refused it on account of the car
being in bad order, as they stated.
On the 11th we sent them another
car of hay which they stated was in
bad order and refused it. We then
bought a car of hay on the Atlantic
Coast Line track, on the 13th, and on
the 14th we gave orders to the A. C.
L. to have this car turned over to the
East Coast, and have every day since
then begged these people to have this
car placed so that the East Coast
could inspect It and tell us whether
they would accept the car for ship-
ment or not,
Today we got a letter from the
F. E. C. agent here stating that so
far this last car, which Is L. & N.
No. 9277, has not been placed with
them so that they could inspect it and
they returned our bill of lading.
Now this Is a case in which a cus-
tomer of ours wires us on the 11th
for a car of hay and we have sent
the East Coast two cars of hay which
they have refused to accept but
which any other road In Florida
would have accepted, and we have
bought the third car on the A. C. L.
track for the reason that the A. C. L..
does all the yard switching for t1e
East Coast, acting as their agent in
delivering ears from the Seaboard to
the East Coast. and thinking that
the East Coast line would deliver this
car, after explaining the circum-
stances to them. We thought It better
to buy this car on their track as it
would save time in getting this car
to the East Coast. So far we have
been unable to get a car of hay to
our customer and it may be ten days
before we can get one to anim if things
keep up in the way they have been
going. Is there any way in th,

world that you can assist us in get-
ting relief from the situation? If ho
please be kind enough to let us have
It as the situation here Is simply hor.
rTIM,, Wo c e itI2 from Qgil"

Twelfth Page

thorough study, and having given, as
yet, little, or no attention to the mat-
ter, I will ask that you excuse me,
at least for the present, from entering
Into a discussion the contemplated
measure. You can be assured, how,.
ever, Mr. Editor, that before the
Legislature convenes I will give the
%lJqq B^;h^ %;o~au ~hIe~

tion which It deserves and in the
event of a bill being Introduced, 1o
place a law of this character upon the
statute boks of our State, my vote
will not only be recorded, but nmy
voice will be heard on the floor of tlio
Senate, pro or con, "as my under-
standing instructs me, and as my
heart puts it to utterance"-in other
words as my convictions lead me.
Very truly,

as quick as a man In Miami can get
them from us.
Yours very truly,
Repl, of Rairoad ComimmlSiOn.
Tallahasee, June 19, 1906.
File 2233.
Stringfellow & Doty Co., Jackson-
ville, Fla.
Dear Sirs:-Replying to yours of
the 18th Inst., relative to delay in
transfer to F. B. C. Ry. by the A. C.
L. R. R. of car of hay, I am directed
to advise you that immediately upon
receipt of your letter today the Com-
missioners wired Mr. Ford to deliver
car to East Coast at once. This wire
was followed by a letter calling his
special attention to the matter and
the Commissioners trust that their
action in the matter has secured de-
livery of the car.
The Commissioners will be pleased
to assist you at any timo in matters
coming under their control.
Yours truly,
R. C. DUNN, Sec.
It will be seen by the showing
made in this article tha. the Railrdad
Commission has put it up to the ship-
pers to make complaints and has
promised relief if proper complaint is
made to it. It a few fines of suffi-
cient weight are assessed against the
railroad companies for failure to de-
liver cars it may come to pass that
the railroad companies will find some
way of untangling the congestion of
freight cars on the terminals in Jack-
sonville, and the business of the State
can then proceed along lines leading
to the greatest prosperity known to

Shaking the
Old Plum Tree
dent of the Senate, certainly should
be considered a State officer. And If
they ARE State officers there Is no
reason on earth why the State Exec-
utive Committee should not handle
contests affecting the seats of these
same State officers. This discussion
merely tends to show that the prim-
ary law is bound to be handled at the
coming Legislature.
The opposition to a second primary
seems to be growing In strength as
well as In number and the city of
the expense burden is still being
heard in the land and becomes louder
and more clamorous as the years go
by. No one can foretell what the out-
come will be but that there will be a
change in the primary law seems to
be a foregone conclusion.
A few days ago THE SUN sent let-
ters to a number of public men in this
State, requesting their opinions upon
a matter of public Interest, with the
Intention of gathering these expres-
sions of opinion into a symposium on
the subject. At this date THE SUN
is in receipt of but three replies and
one, that of the Hon. James a
Broom, of Quincy, Democratic nomi-
nee for Senator from the 6th district
is so frank and dignified in tone that
the letter is here reproduced.
Quincy, Fla., June 18, 1906.
Hon. Claude L'Engle, President
Dear Sir:-I am in receipt of your
letter of 14th inst. requesting me to
contribute to the columns of the
SUN my views upon the question -
Shall the State or the candidates
pay the expenses of the primary elec-
tion." The question is in its infancy
and for the last few weeks I have
been so engaged with my private
business that I have had no time to
properly consider the subject. Since
my entrance into public life, which
was many years ago, it has always
been, and will ever be, my fixed prin-
ciple never to wed myself to any
important public issue until I have
given the issue much thuht oei
_thuht hg and



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Jacksonville, June 1, 1906.
Notice is hereby given that a
special meeting of the stockholders
held at 10 A. M., Friday, the 6t(l
day of July 1906, at the office of
the company in the city of Jack-
sonville, Fla., for the purpose of
voting an increase of the capital
stock of said company from $5000.0)
common stock and $5000.00 pre-
ferred stock, total $10,000.00, to
$25,000.00 common stock and $25,-
000.00 preferred stock, total $50,-
Signed, A. K. TAYLOR.


THP almum

-~~ B___U__ Q% Jl'iao I nuIFIUUN Fate

The Czar's Spy

(Continued from Page 11.)
His tactics he could change at wi.
When I was at school he was rough
and brutal in his manner towards
me, as he was to all; but now he
seemed to be endeavoring to inspire
my confidence by treating me with
kindly regard and pleasant affability.
"In London, at Claridge's, we met
my old school-fellow Muriel and her
father-a friend of Oberg's-and In
response to their invitation went for
a cruise on their yacht, the Iris,
from Southampton. Our party was a
very pleasant one, and included
Woodroffe and Chater, while our
cruise across the Bay of Biscay and
along the Portuguese coast proved
most delightful. One night, while
we were lying outside Lisbon, Wood-
roffe and Chater, together with
Ollnto, went ashore, and when they
returned in the early hours of the
morning they awoke me by crossing
the deck above my head. Then I
heard someone outside my cabin-
door working as though with a
screwdriver, unscrewing a screw
from the woodwork. This aroused
my interest, and next day I made a
minute examination of the paneling,
where, in one part, I found two small
brass screws that had evidently been
recently removed. Therefore I suc-
ceeded in getting hold of a screw-
driver from the carpenter's shop,
and next night, when everyone was
asleep, I crept out and unscrewed the
panel, when to my surprise I saw that
the secret cavity behind was filled
with beautiful jewelry, diamond col-
lars, tiaras, necklets, fine pearls,
emeralds and turquoises, all thrown
in indiscriminately.
"I replaced the panel and kept
careful watch. At Marseilles, where
we called, more Jewelry and a heavy
bagful of plate was brought aboard
and secreted behind another panel.
Then I knew that the men were
"But surely," continued the
starnge story my mute love had writ-
ten, "I need not describe all that
occurred upon that eventful voyage,
except to tell you of one very curious
incident which occurred. I had spok-
en confidentially with Muriel regard-
ing my suspicions of the men whc
were our fellow-guests, and when in
secret I showed her several places on
board the yacht where valuables
were secreted, she also became con-
vinceJ that the men were expert
thieves to whom her father, for some
unexplained reason, rendered assis-
tance and asylum. She toid me that
since she had left school she had
been on quite a number of cruises,
and that the same party always ac-
companied *her father. She had, how-
ever, never suspected the truth until
I olinted it out'to her. Well, one hot
summer's nigit we were lying off
Naples, and as it was a grand festa
ashore and there was to be a gain
performance at the theater, Lieth-
court took a box and the whole party
were rowed ashore. The crew were
also given shore-leave for the even-
ing, but as the great heat had upsot
me I declined to accompany the
theater-party, and remained on
board with one sailor named Wils )
to constitute the watch. We had
anchored about half a mile from
land, and early in the evening the
Baron had gone ashore to send tele-
grams to Russia, and had not return-
"About ten o'clock I went below to
try and sleep, but I had a slight
attack of fever, and was unable.
Therefore I redressed and sat with
the light still out, gazing across the
starlit bay. Presently from mx port-
hole I saw a short-boat aproachinfl,
and recognized in it the Baron with
a well-dressed stranger. They both
came on board, and t..e boatman.
having been paid, pulled back to the
shore. Then te Baron and his friend
-a dark, middle-aged, full-bearded

man, evidently a person of refine-
ment-went below to the saloon, and
after a few moments called to the
man Wilson who was on the watch,
and gave him a glass of whiskey and
t, which he took up on deck i.0

The man Wilson was sleeping souno-
!y in the bows, for the whisky he had
given him had been doctored," went
on the narrative. "Upon his face
was a fier.oe, murderous look such as
I had never seen before. 'You!' he
screamed, his dark eyes starting from
their sockets as he realized that I
(Continued on Page 14.)

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drink at his leisure.
"The usual character ot my fel-
low-guests on board that chaft was
such that my suspicion was con-
stantly on the alert, therefore curl-
osity tempted me to creep along and
peep In aL the crack of the door
standing ajar. A closer view revealed
the fact that the stranger was a high
Russian official to whom I had once
been introduced at the Government
Palace at Helsingfors, the Privy-
ouncillor and Senator Paul Polvos-
toff. They were smoking together,
and were discussing in Russian the
means by which he, Polovatoff, had
arranged to obtain plans of some new
British fortifications at Gibraltar.
From what he said, it seemed that
some Russian woman, married to an
Englishman, a captain In the garri-
son, had been Impressea into these-
cret service against her will, but that
she had, In order to save herself,
promised to obtain the photographs
and plans that were required. I
heard the Englishman's name, and I
resolved to take some steps to inform
him in secret of the intentions of the
Russian agent.
"Presently the two men took fresh
cigars, ascen,"ed on deck, and cast
themselves in the long cane chairs
amidships. Still all curiosity to hear
further details on the ingenious piece
espionage against my own action, I
took off my shoes and crept up to a
spot where I could crouch concealed
And overhear their conversation, for
the Italian night was dark and still.
They talked mainly about affairs in
Finland, and with some of Oberg's ex-
presions of opinion Polovatoff ven-
tured to Jiffer. This aroused the
Baron's anger, and I knew from the
cold sarcasm of his remarks, and the
peculiarly hard tone of his voice,
that he was more incensed than he
outwardly showed himself to be. He
rcse and stood with his back to the
bulwarks facing his friend, who still
3at leaning back in his decK-chair In-
sisting upon his own view He was
quite calm, and not in the least per-
turbed by the evil glint In the
Baron's eye. Perhaps he did not
know so well as I did. He did not
know what that look meant. Sudden-
ly, while the Privy-Councillor lay
back in his chair pulling thoughtfully
at his cigar, there was a bright, blood-
red flash, a dull report, and a man's
short agonized cry. Startled, I
leaned around the corner of the deck-
house, when, to my abject horror, I
saw under the electric rays the Czar's
Privy-Councillor lying sideways in
his chair with part of his face blown
away. Then the hideous truth in an
Instant became aparent. The cigar
which Oberg had pressed upon him
down in the saloon had exploded,
and the small missile concealed in-
side the diabolical contrivance had
passed upwards into his brain. For a
moment I stood utterly stupified, yet
as I looked I saw the Baron, in a
oaroxysm of rage, shake his flat in
the dead man's face, and cry with a
fearful imprecation: 'You hound!
You have plotted to replace me in the
Czar's favor. You intended to become
Uovernor-General of P inland! You
knew certain facts which you Intend-
ed to put before his Majesty, knowing
'hat the revelations would result in
my disgrace and downfall. But, you
Infernal cur, you did not know that
those who attempt to thwart Xavier
Oberg either die by accident or go
for life to Kajana or the mines!'
And he spurned the body with his
foot and laughed to himself as he
gloated over his dastardly crime.
"I watched his rage, unable to
utter a single word. I saw him, after
he had searched the dead man's
rockets, raise the inert body with
Its awful featureless face and drag
It to the bulwarks. Then I rushed
forward and faced him.
"In an Instant he sprang at mc,
mnd I screamed. But no aid came.

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June 23, 1906

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June 23, 1906

The Czar's Spy

(COatinuSd frOL Page 1.)

whad* a bet wardf
i $ft. I IcOIL'k s

I -aslied upon m, youn wm
fell! the wo ao thder vMAo thelu

desk tm he gg upon7 my throed e to
at ove amy The r orm e
% trm T he, wwill s hand
10Otthat ou ooptoh-siU t

rat last, wih that ou brata iy

SmoredIt" on thnemove tha &
ha 9 d od-. s tr outhe chail and -
e. This he fatally forced Me to
do, gloating s r my borrow as I Mr e
Moved tor lk the trem of his cow.
Vtdly crim Thus with his hand
eallo to that you keep to-ght's
work usrt. If not, yo usha die a
death more painul thwa that dog
has dled-.*e ain which you shall ex.
perhen all othe tortus of the
damned. R If IWt, not a single word
-ol owd th Nowt, go tol r ouabl
end never 'yinto MYa ailn .
wIat os to my cabin as I was
bids andaspeecad ahlessne we drhor.
* The tean 1tltonls ost the manor
who was tmy guardia f rightened
m. And yet I was utterly hdpless
Whea ouldr meI do Who inholy ssi
would har me? Obrg was a power
ruted hmbl. e I spoke, who- would
believe me; who would *he the
Srds of a defenseless girl whom he
Would at oneae declare to be hysteri
da? Thus I waited alone a the dark.
now, watching the Ight on the port
gleaming across the placd waters uon-
tld torly one 'lol whe the gay
Sretur. ed aid tlh Baroa greet-h
don emy erd as though north ing
Shad happened. But y heart was
for sar within tM by the recollection
of the awful crime that had been
"Whys Now 1 rem@ber!" cried
Muriel, smaxed. "I remember thmt
ht quite well, how white you were
when you came toM1 cabi and
ased to be allowed tot eept n my
pao berth. You would tell nothing,
and only saiod you were Ill. None of
as had any Iden that ta a terrible
tragedy had been enae But of
mrse the Baron soad arretangeda ito mall,

shore-leav.a Macdlatosh suggested
that only hal the reow should go,
but he lan that f Wilson alone
twreo left imt w aold be s oeatoe
" too, reollecta the aoldair as t
well," Jack deladro, tuggig at his

Ntoea bout I hard, alsteola the ats,
and she now stood cige nge to me,
lookian euerly aato my eyes read.
t nwery thought that passedot
through aend. "A great sensation

wa caut i thte theodoy was dtisn

of It, but by the marks on the deda
man's linen It was L/scoverad that

he was Polovatoff, one of the highest
Ruansa oSelals who had. It was said,
boe warmed on several occasions by
the Nhilsts. It was, therefore, con-
eluded that his death had been due to
14lst vengeane."
lma pointed to the paper, and
made a sgdn that I wa to read on.
2W I d and the statement ran
s followed:
he real reason why the Baron
pwared my 1* wa because, if I died,


my t wold 9s to aodtant
ea asb se was w mwst
SoUUo goodHe Intended to
oMaW i moasey h.marring me oo
o M aeit, whooe evil reputa-
tsam gambler wowas u known In
i urg. We traveled back to
id I the autumn, and In the
Mwater h tooes me to stay with his
dater ta Nice. Tet almost dally We
remerd to that tragedy a Napl4es
and threatened me with death Ift ever
I uttered a aigle word, or ean ad-
mitted that I had ver aseen the man
who was his rival and his victim."
Ijat June," oommeo ed another
pag qph, "woe were Heluagstor
when me day the Barsa called me
suddenly aad told me to prepare for
a journey. We were to oroes to
onadkholm aad thence to Hull, where
the Iris was awaiting us, for Mr.
Lekhoourt and Munriel had invited us
for a summer orui to the Greek
lmdsod We boarded the yacht much
against my will, yet I was powerless,
and dare not allege the facts that I
had already established concerning
our fellow peats. Muriel and I. It
sems, were taken merely in order to
blind the shore guards and customs
officials as to the real nature of the
vessel, which when safely out of the
Channel, was repainted and renamed
the Lolo, uttl her exterior presented
quite a different appearance from the
"The port of Leghorn was our first
place of call, and for some reason we
ran purposely upon a sandbank and
were towed of by Italian torpedo-
boats. Next evening you came on
board and dined, Muriel and myself
having strict orders sot to show our-
selves. We, however, watched you,
and saw you pick up my photograph,
which I had that day torn up. Then
Immediately after you had left,
WMoodrotff, Chater and Mackintosh
weat ashore and were away a couple
of hours In the middle of the night.
Just before they returned the Baron
rapped at the dor of my cabin saying
that he must so ashore, and telling
me to dress and accompany him. He
would never allow me the luxury of a
maid, fearing, I suppose that she
might learn too much. In obedience
I rose and dressed and when I went
forth he told me to get my travelling
cloak and dressing bag, adding that
he was compelled to go north, as to
continue the cruise would occupy too
much time. He v.a due back at his
official duties, he said. As soon rs
I had finished packlng,the three men
returned to the vessel all of them
looking dark-faced and disappointed.
Woodrofte whispered some words to
the Baron, after which I went to Mu-
riel's cabin and wished her good-bye,
and we went ashore taking the train
first to Colle Salvetti, thence to Pisa
and afterward to the beautiful old city
of Siolena, which I had so longed to see.
One of my teeth gave me pain, and
the Baron, after a couple of days at
the Hotel de Blenne, took me to a
queer looking old Italin-a dentist
who, he said, enjoyed an excellent
reputation. I was quick to notice that
the two men had met before, and as
I sat in the chair and gas was given
to mes I saw them exchange meaning
glances. In a few moments I became
Inaensalble., but when I awoke an
hour later I was uastounded to feel a
curlous soreness in my ears, My
tongue, ,too, seemed paralysied, and In
a few moments the awful truth
dawned upon me. I had bess render.
od deaf and dumb.
the Baron pretended to be greatly
concerneod about me." it wet on,, but
I quickly realised that I had been the
victim of a foul and dastardly plot,
and that he had conceived it, fearing
lest I might speak the truth conoern-
Ing the Privy-Councillor Polovstoff,
for of exposure he lived io constant

ear. To encompass my end would
be against his own Inatrests, as he
would lose my fortune, so be had s.-
lenced me lest I should reveal the
terrible truth toermlng both him
and his asodates. oHe wasa not rch,
ad I have aoa to belUev & tht

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power he urged me to consent to the
odious union.
"All the roet Is known to you--
hqw Providence directed you to np
as my deliverer, and how Woodrott~
followed you in aseret, and pretendi-
uig to be my friend took me with himI
to Peteraburg. He had learnt of my
fortune from the Baron, and intend-
ed to marry me himself. But now
that all Is over It appears to me like
some terrible dream. I never believed
that so much Iniquity existed In the
world, or that men could fight a de-
fensele woman with such double-
dealing and cruel Ingenuity. Ah! the
(Continued on Page 15.)

It's Different Wihen You Drink

from time to time he gPvo atormna.
"sn to pers who pose s vT
able jewel, and thus shared l 2'e
plunder obtained by those on the
"nrom Italy we travelled on to Ber-
lin, thence to Petersbuig, and back
to dreary Helsingfos, Journeying aa
quickly as we could, yet never allow-
ing me opportunity of being with
strangers. Both my as and tongue
were very patful, but I Maid nothing.
He was surely a tiend in a black oat,
and my only thought now was how to
escape him. From the moment when
that so-alled dentist had ruined my
hearing and deprived me of power ot
speechhe kept me aloof from every-
one. The fear that I should reveal
everything had apparently grown to
haunt him, and he had conceived that
terrible mode of asilecing my lips.
But the true depth of his viliany was
not yet apppareut t.util I was back in
"On the night of our arrival he call-
ed in his son, who had traveled with
us from Petersburg, and in writing
again demanded that I should marry
him. I wrote my reply-a firm re
fusal. He struck the table angrily
with his fist and wrote sayleg that 1
should either marry his son or die
Then next day, while walking out
alone beyond the town of Helsmgfors,
as I often used to do, I was arrested
upon the false charge of an attempt
upon the life of Madame Vakuroff
and transported, without trial, to the
terrible fortress of Kajana, some ot
the horrors of which you have your-
self experienced. The charge against
me was necessary before I could be
incarcerated there, but once within,
It was the scheme of the Governor-
General to obtain my consent to the
marriage by threats and by the con-
stant terrors of the place. He even
went so far as to obtain a ministerial
order for my banishment to Sagha-
lien and brought ft to me to Kajana,
declaring that If in one month I did
not consent he should allow me to
be sent to exile. While I was in
Kajana he knew that his secret was
safe, therefore by every means in his

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June 29, i966


PIfteenth Pag6

The Czar's Spy.

(Continued fromth Page 14.)
tortures I endured in Kbana are be-
yond human conception. Yet surely
Oberg and Woodroffe will obtain
their well-merited deerts-if not in
this World, then In the world to
come. Are we not taught by Holy
Writ to forgive our enemies? There-
fore, let us forgive."
TLere my silent love's strange
store, ended. A bald, straightforward
narrative that held us all for some
moments absolutely speechless-one
of the strangest and most startling
stories ever revealed.
She watched every expression of
my countenance, and then, when I
had finished reading and placed my
arm tenderly about her slim walt,
she raised her beautiful face to mine
to receive the passionate kiss I Im-
printed upon those soft, full lips.
"This, of course, makes everything
plain," exclaimed Jack. "Polovatoff
was a very liberalminded and up-
right official woo was greatly in the
favor of the Csar, and a serious rivl
to Oberg, whose drastic and merciless
methods In Finland were not exactly
approved by the Emperor. The Baron
was well aware of this, and by In-
oeniously enticing him on board the
Iris he succeeded by handing that
small bomb concealed in a cigar-a
Nihilist contrivance that had proba-
bly been seized by his police In
Finland-in freeing almself from the
rival who was destined to occupy his
"Yes," I said with a sigh. "TIe
mystery is cleared up, it Is true, yet
my poor Elma is still the victim."
And I kissed my love passionately
again and again upon the lips.
Nearly two years have now gone

swallowed 4t before they could proe
vent him-then (en minutes later he
fell dead. He knew what terrible re-
velations must be made Ift we gave
evidence against him, and he there-
tore preferred death by his own hand
to that following a judicial sentence.
Chapter, though one of the most exz
jert jewel thieves i Europe, had
never been actually guilty of any
graver offense, an: when we heard
that he was in ban Francisco, where
he had opened a small bar and was
trying to live honestly, we resolved to
allow him to remain there. Indeed,
Jack wrote to him about nine months
ago warning him never to ste foot
on English soil again on pain of ar-
Olinto Santini has recently opened
a mall restaurant in Western Road,
Brighton, and is. I believe, doing very
And ourselves! Well, what can I
really tell you? Mere words fail to
tell you of the completoness of our
happiness. It is idyllic-that is all I
can say.
My proposal of marriage was made
to Elma a very few days after she
wrote down her startling and roman-
tic story, and 4 year ago at a little
village church in Hertfordshlie we be.
came man and wife, tb.ero being pres.
ent at cur wedding Madamo Heath,
my bride's mother, to whom, by my
exertions in official quarters in Pet-
ersburg, the Czar'c clemency was ex-
tended, and she was released from
that far-off Arctic .prison towhich she
hal been sent w!th such cruel injus-
Two of the greatest London special.
ists have continually treated my dear
wife, and under *them she has already
recovered her speecs:-so far, indeed,
that she can now whisper In a low,
soft voice. But they tell me they are
hopeful that ere long her voice will
become stronger, and speech practil
ad.*I.. daniaaA A Ml Aa

There have been changes in holy UJ l uw
Russar-many great and amazing begin to hear.
Russia-many great and amazing After all the torms and perils of
changes consequent upon war and Ils After all thos of
disaters. Russia s no longerthe the past, our lives re now ladeed full
great power that -she once was sup. of a calm, sweet peoae. In iur own
posed to bera events that heoves comfortable little house, with its trel.
startled the world hvents thoccurred lised pcrch covered with roses and
since that day when I first enfolded honeysuckle, that faces tho blue chan-
my silent love within my arms. One nol at St. Margaret's Bay beyond Do-
of them Is known to you all. ver, we lead. i lifo of mutual trust
of them is known to you all. and boundle. love. We ae supreme.
You read In the newspapers, with. -andboundless love We are supreme.
out a doubt, how the Baron Xavier ly content-the happiest pair in all
Oberg, the persecutor of Finland, the the world, we think.
enemy of education, the relentless Often as we sit together at evening,
foe of the defenseless, the man who gasing upon the great ships passing
ordered women to be knouted to darkly away into tLe mysterious af-
death In Kj&na, the heartless official ter glow our.hands clasp mutually In
whom theK Fnns calle "The Strang- silence more eloquent than words,
ler," was blown to pieces by a bomb and we gazeInto each oD er% eyes
thrown beneath his carriage as he there occurs to u hath oe Divined,, let
drove to the railway station at Hel- e Wo G at
singfors on his way to have audience no man put'asnder."
with the Emperor. TRE END.
The secret truth was that the "Red KAISER'S JOKE ON JEWISH DEB-
Priest" dedreed that Oberg should UTANTE.
die, and the plot was swiftly put Into
execution, and although five hundred Berlin.-"Is 4t true tlat you allowed
arrests were made the police are un- the daughter of Isadore Loewe to be in-
awsIe to this day of the identity of produced at court?" asked Prlace Henry.
the person who directed it, or of who of his imperial bother.
threw the fatal missile. From pillar "Of course, she comes from a far older
to poet the revolutionists have been family than we. Her ancestors were
hruted by the bloodhounds of the po- Among the *tlemen who took a dry
lice, yet the "Red Priest" still lives otath "-e re p Sead n Willithm Msnd
on quietly In Petersburg, and the yLoea is ao,"repliedWIlt lia. MhIn-,
Princess Zurloff., still unsuspecte d utrial baron. Her father and Dr.
devote the greater part of her encr- dhuwabaoh head of Blehrodter's Bank.'
moS Income to the cause of freedcM. lned with the Kailser in private the
Of Jack and Muriel I need only say other evening. Rumors, are avost of a
they were married 'about three, large loan madi e to William, but. they
Dmoeths after Elma's return from Rus- cannot m b verd. ,
ala, and at the present time they are n- -
living on the outskirts of Glasgow, HISPANO-AMERICAN HAS MOTHER
where Jack has secured the shore ap- a 15 YEARS OLD-SEVENTEEN
polatmat which he so Icng coveted. YEARS IN HOSPITAL.
By some means-exectly how is not
quite certain-4he police discovered Madrid.-Find Tomaso Rieto, a Span-
that Dick Archer,, alias Woodroffe, ird living somewhere in the UAited
alas Horaby, was concerned in the States; his mother, 19 years old, would
clever robbery of a dressing-bag,, con- like to hear from him.
taaldng the Dowage: Lady Lanca- This old lady, born October 7, 1781,
hlre's ewels, from her footman on in Grenada, just entered upon the 107th
BuZs1do platform, and after a long year of her residence in Madrid. For
March they foed him hiding at a the last seventeen years she has been an
hotel a UTerpool When. however, inmate of the provincial hospital. She
th wet to rres him, he laughed retains all her senses and doesn't look a
I & re. deteetlree, placed day elder thea She tMold yur a rm
osadigt3 IAp bis mouth and spendent that she was married twis4

first to a waiter who died soon after
wards, and ndl, toA ea rpenter. With
the latter she lived twenty-five years
and by him had twenty-two children.
Of these twenty-on died. Ier only re
maining son she Imagines to be In New
Orleans, but is not sure.
Dtrmstadt-Frau Nickert, 41 yeas



old, has milk both for her own daughter
and her gmndeon. The children were
born about the same time, but the ma-
tron's daughter is too ill to nurse her
baby. Hence grandma set for It
Wet' thriving aingS de lUle." As both
children are mae and dark eamls-
loed there is a pre ability that W
may be exchange and that sooner or
later no one will know who is uAie o

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