Story of the Murder of Nicholas Eppes
Volume 1-No. 28
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May 26, 1906
That of Caldwell and Larkins, Condemned to Death for the Murder of
Thomas Jefferson's Great Grandson. Will They Hang or Go Free?
By leaving the Capitol on the right and turning
to the left at the next corner, and riding due east for
three blocks, one comes in sight of a two-story red
brick building set in a lot sloping sharply away from
the street level, and surrounded by a high board
Turn to the right, head south, and heavily barred
windows come into view on the rear of the structure,
which tell the tale of durance vile.
This is the Leon County jail, and as the low
chant of negro voices coming from behind those
bars directs the attention of the passerby to this
abode of degradation two gruesome details of the
sordid scene stand out with a prominence that over-
shadows the others.
On the north side of the building stands a hang-
man's gallows, and looped from the branches of a
live oak tree growing near the southeast corner is a
brand new hangman s rope.
On this gallows the self-confessed murderer of thle
great grandson of Thomas Jefferson was hanged, and
huge beams of timber are stretching the rope for the
murderer's two accomplices.
Isham Edwards died on that gallows, and with his
last words loosened ior a time the hangman's noose
from around the necks of George Caldwell and Nel-
son Larkins, who were convicted by his testimony on
the witness stand.
Never in the history of Florida justice has a ignore
perplexifig case than that of Caldwell and Larkins
engaged the attention of its administrators, and
never have graver issues been dependent on the cor-
rect solution of the problem.
If Caldwell and Larkins are innocent of the mur-
der of Nicholas hppes, and are hanged for it, as the
judgment of two courts directs, their innocent blood
will stain the fair mantle of the State's honor.
If these men are guilty of this dastardly murder
and escape the gallows through the perjured lips of
their accomplice, who, doomed to death himself, tried
to save his pals, other negroes may take courage and
indulge their animal blood thirst.
The people of Leon County are deeply interested
in the fate of Caldwell and Larkins, now in Duval
County jail condemned to hang, but resting uride*
a respite granted by the Governor.
But for this respite these men would have been
hanged more than two weeks ago, and their respite
was granted in the afternoon of the day that new
evidence was found which may eventually prove
This evidence was sufficeintly strong to cause the
Governor to stay the execution until its truth or
falsity can be established, for if reliable it will prove
an alibi for the condemned men.
Two years have passed since the murder of N. R.
Eppes, but the wave of horror and indignation which
it aroused has not been spent, and the interest which
tue details of the tragedy excited from the first is
The sympathy of the people has gone out to the
widow, the two daughters and the son of the mur-
dered man, and the story of the son's efforts to clear
up the mystery of his father's death touches all
hearts with its pathos, wnile it affords an example
of patient investigation, high courage and tireless
energy that compels the admiration of all who
N. R. Eppes, grandson of John Eppes, who mar-
ried Maria, the younger of the two daughters of
Thomas Jefferson, lived on the plantation about six
miles north of Tallahassee, where his father lived
before him. He was a worthy scion of a distin-
guished family, and reached old age respected by all
and loved by those who knew him. He had owned
many slaves, and being accustomed to the ways of
negroes, held their affections. He was never known
to have an enemy, white or black.
The day he was murdered he drove into town, and
started on his homeward journey in his buggy about
5 o'clock in the afternoon.
About 8 o'clock that night his buggy was found
standing before his gate with his dead body in it.
lie had been killed by receiving a charge of shot in
the back of his head.
His son, Edward Eppes, a young man, whose life
had been spent in the country, tragically called to
the responsibility devolving on the head of a family,
responded with a wisdom seldom exhibited. "He as-
sumed entire care of his mother and two sisters, and
devoted himself to them and to bringing his father's
murderers to justice.
The entire county was aroused by the news of this
dastardly crime, and the Sheriff soon had Isham Ed-
wards, George Caldwell and Nelson Larkins in cus-
tody. Their removal to Live Oak for safe keeping,
their incarceration in the Duval County jail, their
conviction and sentence to death, the appeal to the
Supreme Court, the affirmative decision, the confes-
sion of Edwprds, fixing the guilt on Caldwell and
Larkins, as well as himself, the second Edwards
confession exonerating Caldwell and Larkins, and
the execution of Edwards are well known, and no
interest can be aroused in the retelling.
It is to Edward Eppes, son of the murdered man,
and great, great grandson of Thomas Jefferson, that
one must turn to get a new view of this case, and the
story of this young man's devotion to the task of
convicting those guilty and protecting those inno-
cent of the murder of his father, would rank with
the beat told tales of romantic adventure, if it were
not stranger because true.
Up to the time of his father's murder Edward
Eppes was a true type of the average young man
of good birth and careful training raised in the
country. He was a magnificent spe|'inen of young
manhood, standing over 0 feet, with breadth of
shoulders and limb development that enabled him to
carry his height well. lie was strong in body, (l-an
and vigorous in mind, and with a spirit that knew
not fear nor guile.
Sprung from a line of cultured people for gener-
ations back, he was well educated and highly refined.
His life had been sent in the olen, uand as he hand
never known an enemy lie had never, up to the time
of his father's murder, owned a pistol. When he
discovered his father's murdered lody in the buggy
standing before his gate and realized the responsi-
bility upon him, lie was equipped by nature for his
self-appointed task of finding out his father's mur-
After the trial and conviction of Edwards, Cald-
well and Larkins, he had no doubt of the guilt of
Edwards, but as Caldwell antd Larkins were con-
victed solely upon the testimony of Edwards, and as
Edwards shortly after his conviction exonerated
Caldwell and Larkins, he was not certain of the
guilt of these two men, even though the Circuit
Court had rendered its verdict of guilty, whiith was
confirmed by the decision of the Supreme Court, and
counseled his friends to let the law take its course
when lynching was threatened.
Young Eppes considered that his life was in dan-
ger when he started on his search for evidence to
convict his father's murderers, so he prepared him-
self for defense. He purchased a Winchester rille,
provided himself with two pistols of large caliber
and one of smaller caliber for target practice, and
spent his days and nights scouring the country
around Tallahassee for evidence, meanwhile perfect-
Ing himself in the use of firearms, lie had an dele-
tric searchlight by his side in the buggy whep he
went out at night, and he trained his eye and his
arm to follow instantly the direction of the light and
to send a shot to the spot on which the light shone.
He trained his horse to stop at any suspicious sound
and to stand still under fire. llis activity was pro-
digious, and his energy knew no fagging. Day and
night he prosecuted his search for evidence. Bit by
bit, piece by piece, he has built a fabric around
Caldwell and Larkins that seems to have no weak
places. He interviewed hundreds of negroes. He
went freely among them without the slightest symp-
tom of fear, and this is the story which lie tells:
A short time before the murder of my father he
had some work done by George Caldwell, who claimed
a balance of 20 cents unjustly, and which my father
refused to pay. There is a lodge of negro Odd Fel-
lows with headquarters near Centerville, a short dis-
tance from Tallahassee, to which Larkins, Caldwell
and Edwards belonged. The membership of this
lodge was large, and the meetings were usually held
at or just before daybreak. This gave rise to the
story about the "Before Day Clubs" which came out
just after my father's killing. I do not believe there
was a distinct organization known as "The Before
Day Club," which plotted murder, but I have dis-
covered that the supposed grievances of the members
of the Odd Fellows Lodge were discussed at the meet-
ings of the lodge. Caldwell was known to have com.
plained about the 20 cents which he claimed my
father owed him.
The day of the murder, which was Saturday,
Caldwell was seen in Tallahassee. As was his cus-
tom, my father drove to Tallahassee in his buggy
that day. He left Tallahassee a little later than the
time he usually started home, but .long before dark.
Hlie was in the line of vehicles that stretched along
the street in Tallahassee leading to the Thomasville
road, and as he passed the house of Mr. John Winth-
rop, Caldwell was sitting on the curb in front of Mr.
Winthrop's house. With him were two women, and
when my father passed the three got up and followed
along the road on foot.
As they came to a fork in the road just outside
of town the two women who were with Caldwell got
into a wagon driven by another negro. Caldwell
continued his journey on foot until overtaken by
Jennie Carney, who was driving in the same direction
in a wagon. lie paid Jennie Carney 10 cents for a
ride. When the two, who were following along a
short distance behind the buggy of my father, got to
the Cobb place, Jennie Carney turned from the main
road towards her home, and Caldwell got out of the
lie had formed the idea of killing my father while
sitting on the eurb in front of Mr. Winthrop's house,
and followed along the road to carry out his pur-
pose. lie knew that Nelson Larkins, who had a store
on that road some distance from town, had a gun
which he had borrowed on several occasions to shoot
bats. It was his intention to borrow Larkins' gun
with which to do the killing. Walking along thet
road for a short distance aftey he got out of .lennie
Carley's wagon, he met Isham Edwards standing in
the road with larkins' gun. He knew that he would
have to get the gun away from Edwards or get Ed-
wards to go with him, so he proposed to Edwards-to
a(,tompiiany him on his murderous mission, and gave
him a dollar to do so, and ne and Edwards followed
along the road.
Ldwards had no shells for the gun, so the two hur.
ried along to larkins' store to get some shells. They
made a short cut through the woods along a foot-
path and Dan Robinson, an old negro, ays that while
going from his store, which was between Larkins'
store and town, to his home, he saw Ishamn Edwards
and another negro running along the footpath in the
direction of Larkins 'store. When the two reached
larkins' store they got some shells andi induced lar-
kins to go with them. The three then ran along by-
paths through the woods until they overtook my
father in the main road.
They followed behind his buggy until a shady
lNirtion of the road was reached, and dusk was just
closing in when Edwards stopped and Caldwell and
Larkins advanced close up behind my father and
Caldwell discharged the load from the gun into tne
back of his head.
My father had a habit of leaning over in his
buggy while driving. Hlie was an old man, and the
drive tired him, and lie rested his back by leaning
over with his elbows on his knees and the lines inI
his hands close up to the dashboard. He must have
been in this position when shot, because the pool of
blood in the road showed that when the horse
stopped his wound must have been beyond the edge
of the dashboard. The tracks made by one of the
negroes show that after the shooting he walked to
the head of the horse, and the tracks of the other
negro show that lie got in between the wheels of
the buggy, and the indentation made by his heels in
the road indicate that he attempted to lift my
father's body back on the seat. he evidently was
unable to do this without assistance, so he called his
confederate. This man's tracks show that lie left the
horse's head And walked back to the buggy. The
horse, released, took a few steps ahead and to the
right of the road and stopped again, which in indi-
cated by the second pool of blood. The second tracks
show that a man was standing on each side of the
buggy between the wheels. There they lifted my
father back on the seat and rested his head against
the bows of the buggy top.
The horse my father drove was a gentle animal,
and the men, desiring to delay the discovery of their
deed as long as possible, started the horse along the
road, and the three followed the buggy until it
reached the foot of the hill. They made no tracks
along the road after leaving the scene of the murder,
but the grass alonside the road showed the passage
of some one over the road until thf foot of the hill
was reached. Seeing that the body was still up-
right in the buggy, and the rest of the journey home
being on the level, or a slight rise, the murderers
were satisfied that the body would reach nome safely.
Their track* were traced across the country back,
and were lost some distance from the road.
When first arrested Caldwell declared that he
could not have had any hand in the shooting, because
he did not get out of Jennie Carney's wagon until
after dark. Jennie Carney testified that it was good
daylight when she reached the Cob place and Cald-
well got out. Caldwell afterwards onfessed that his
first statement was a lie.
His next attempt at an alibi was his statement
that he spent part of the night at the house of Caro-
line Martin, a negro woman who lived a short dis-
tance from the road near Larkins' store, and that
while there Isham Edwards came to the house and
the two stayed there until long after the hour at
which the shooting must have taken place. Caroline
Martin told me, when I visited her house, that
neither Caldwell nor Edwards came to her house at
all on the night of the muder.
Dan Robinson, who had said that he saw Isham
Edwards and another negro running along a foot-
path, when he was confronted with George Caldwell,
(Continued from Seventh Page]
May 26, 1906
What's Agitating the People These Days
The New York Sun, always untiring in its search
for genius and eager to make known Its discoveries,
offers the following contributions of Georgia poetry
"Harry Stillwell Edwards of Macon, 'who has
never had thought that was not chaste and beau-
tiful,' has changed the name of the mocking bird to
'lanier.' Ma Scorobbe of Cowaneta is helping in
the good works
"'Poet without a peer,
Whose song in bright, strong waves
Rolls, flower-sweet as Temple Graves,
Lanier I' "
"Even Dr. G. A. Nunally withdraws his name as
a cndidete for Governor in alliterative rhythm:
"'I forgive all the foul, false and foolish
Flings of my foes.'"
"As for John Temple Graves, that fountain of
milk and honey, he is not only a poet himself but
an inspirer of poetry in others. Hear the Social
Circle New Era:
"'Graves' editorials, in their matchless beauty,
have caused the new great daily to bloom as the
"'The Lindale Lance changes into a flute:
"'The Georgian freshens our sanctum every day
and fills our dusty craniums with the sunlight of its
eloquence and bright thought. The editor's rhetoric
and flowers of speech run off as smoothly as the
tinkle of a silvery brook and sparkle like the new-
ness of wine./"
"The Doerun News swims gayly in the sea of
"Tfhe Atlanta Georgian, with John -Temple
Graves at the helm, is a bright star in Southern
"Now just one homely Whitcomb Riley spng out
of a thousand songs in many keys. The Warrenton
News strikes up:
"'It has always been a pleasure for us to read
the writings of so great a man as John Temple
Graves, and the people of Georgia should be proud
of him. The Evening Georgian is being delivered
here every night by Master Frank Piloher, a son of
our well known dentist, Dr. Tom Ben Plleher.'"
"They pull teeth to music in Georgia now, all one
choir of poets, with Mr. Graves to lead. And 'water-
million' time is still to come."
A unique political situation has developed in
Alabama. Democratic politicians have considered
the advanced ages of Senators Morgan and Pettus
ana the possibility of one or the other of the Sen-
ators dying before the expiration of his term, and
to avoid having such vacancy filled according to the
whim of the Governor, therefore a primary election
will be held in August which will instruct the Gov-
ernor to name the candidate then chosen.
In explanation of this matter, John W. Tomlinson
of Birmingham, who will probably be a candidate for
the place, said: "Our people are willing-put it
stronger if you will-anxious, that Senators Mor-
gan and Pettus retain their seats as lohg as they
live, but as both gentlemen have reached a very ad-
vanced age and death may not be far off, it is held
by us to be proper to select the man to be named by
the Governor as the successor of the first to die. T'is.
may seem cold-blooded, but in reality it is not. We
honor these two great men, and we love them fully
as well, but we know that they can't last always and
we want the people to have the power of choosing a
successor. We are going to the polls to decide who
that man shall be."
"If the Roosevelt-Tillman-Chandler incident
teaches the people anything it warns them of the
dangers attendant upon executive usurpation of the
prerogatives of the legislative branch of the Gov.
ernment," is the opinion of the Memphis Commer-
oial-Appeal, which further declares that "the very
fact that the President played fast and loose in an
attempt to shape legislation to his will demonstrates
the wisdom of maintaining a well defined barrier
between him and legislation. It shows that with the
slightest opening in such' a barrier the temptation
to dominate is stronger than political probity. Given
the power, then, to proceed the inch, unquestionably
the ell will be taken; which would mean, as, indeed,
this encroachment is meaning, a passing of the fun-
damental principles of our republic."
Concerning this matter of Executive meddlesome-
ness, Governor Vardaman of Mississippi, who some
day will represent his State in the United States
"I regret that they (Tillman and Bailey) over-
looked the finest opportunity of the decade to read
the President a good, old-fashioned Democratic les-
son. If, when they were called in consultation, they
had said, 'We will be glid to advise with you con-
cerning any matter pertaining to your office as thief
Executive or to aid you' in any way in our power
in the performance of your official duties, but we
decline absolutely to discuss with you all legislative
matters,' they would have rebuked, and justly, a
growing tendency on the part of executive officials to
encroach upon the franchises and powers of legisla-
According to the plans of Mr. Taft, Secretary of
War, supplies for the Panama canal work will be
purchased abroad whenever possible to do so for less
money than will have to be paid at home. Some
protest has been raised on account of this procedure,
but has proved unavailing, and the American people
may consider that the following defense, offered by
the New York Tribune, an Administration organ, is
sufficient explanation, from an Executive standpoint,
of such action:
"The canal zone is not a part of the United States.
It is not within the sphere of operation of the United
States tariff law, and, according to a part of the
supreme law of the land, it cannot be included with-
in that sphere. Since, then, it is and must remain
open to the trade of the world without tariff restric-
tions, why should not our Government purchase for
use there goods from whatever market will supply
them on the most advantageous terms? The tariff
as a measure of protection to our domestic indus-
tries is not concerned in it at all. Secretary Taft
his not 'let down the barp,' and does not propose to
do so in the slightest degree, so far as the United
States is concerned. All ie proposes is the rational
arrangement that Americans-and the American
Government-when in a foreign country may pur-
chase for use in that foreign country goods in a for-
eign market, if they find they can do so more advan-
tageously than they can send home to America for
House-cleaning by the Interstate Commerce Com-
mission continues, and the Pennsylvania Railroad is
now on the broiler. Sensational stories of graft and
extortion have been brought to light, and practices
employed by officials of the road to enrich them.
selves by preying upon coal companies have been
revealed. The scandals come closely to the president
of the road, as his son, R. K. Cassatt, is shown to
have profited greatly through the hold-up of coal
The Philadelphia Press, discussing the matter,
"What is the use of forlddding the railroads to
own coal and iron properties if, as the disgraceful
revelations of the Pennsylvania Railroad have shown,
the officers and subordinates of a railroad accept
stock in the mines, take bribes and use their official
power to promote their private property and personal
The Drainage Tax
By W. E. Pabor
In the imue of THE SUN of april
14 there appeared in this department an
article entitled "Broward's Scheme to
Drain the Everglades printed thus,
the reader would naturally suppose that,
as it favored the scheme, the article,
copied from the Southern Argus re-
flected the views of the conductor of this
But it does not, and, with the permis-
slon of the managing editor o THE
bUN, who is liberal-minded enough to
allow his contributors to express their
own views within legitimate bounds, I
will take up one point, little touched
ua by those diseusing, pro and con,
Uti aboorbing topic of drainage.
This point is the injustice of taxing
the prons whose lands lie high and
dr ithe northeastern half of DeSoto
County, In which lie the settlements
known as the Avon Park township. No.
33, range 28, bordering on Polk County.
The altitude of this section is set
down by Mr. Mitchell as 150 feet above
sea level. The lands on the ridge of
the peninsula for twenty or more miles
are studded with clear fresh water lakes,
and rise up from ten to forty feet above
the surface of the lakes. These lands
drain to the lakes instead of the lakes
overflowing the lands about them.
This is true, also, of the lands in Polk
County, running up toward Bartow.
They are precisely like those in the
upper quarter of DeSoto County, where
I reside. Yet no tax was levied on Polk
County lands Tne Pabor Lake settle-
ment lands lap over the line of the two
counties to the extent of a twenty-acre
tract; on these acres, no drainage tax.
On section 4, with its 640 acres, and sec-
tion 3, with about half that acreage, 5
cents per acre was assessed for 1905.
Payment has been suspended, but-
The point I make, then, is that the
lands in townships 30, 31 and 32, range
28 east, are taxed unjustly, inasmuch
as they will not be benefited by the
drainage scheme. On the contrary, I be.
lieve they will be more or less injured
by the rapid decrease of the underflow
of water that unquestionably underlies
this region, running in a southerly di-
rection. That such an undercurrent ex-
ists cannot be questioned; hundreds of
fresh water lakes have no inlet or out-
let, and yet all the year round are fresh
and pure, making the hills about them
the loveliest and healthiest home-sites
to be found in the State, lacking only
railway transportation to bring them
into prominence and enhanced valuation
in the public eye.
It is this point of unjust taxation,
only, that I desire to touch, on my own
behalf, in the interest of those non-resi-
dents I represent and because there are
hundreds of owners of small tracts in
Avon Park township who will be called
u0on to pay this 5 cent tax; a small
sum now, perhaps, but if the scheme-
for it is a scheme and not an enterprise
-is carried on for years and years, with
perhaps a higher per cent tax attached.
"Justice," said Wm. Penn, "is the
insurance we have on our lives and prop-
erty," and Daniel Webster echoed the
sentiment when he declared "justice is
the great interest of man on earth. It
is the ligament which holds civilized
Ieings andti civilized communities to-
But if injustice, tugging in the shape
of an unjust law, severs the ligament,
New Insurance Decision
Leipsig.-The German Supreme Court
has decided that if an insured person is
injured by an accident due to stunts he
performs in a dream, the accident coan
pany is liable to damages. e
profits?" and declares that "the next Harrisburg
Legislature has a plain duty to discharge. It must
follow in the track of the New York Legislature
and make it a penal offense for anyone employed by
a person or corporation to discharge a particular
duty to accept any graft or gratuity which influences
their action in the discharge of this duty. A rail-
road official paid by the railroad to distribute coal
cars, when he takes a gift to influence their distri-
bution, has broken faith both with the railroad and
the public. He is in the same despicable position
as the architect who levies on the plumber, and the
physician who divides with the druggist, the clergy-
man who gets a commission on funerals from the
undertaker and all the various spotted cattle of one
sort and another, who, discharging a duty for one
person or corporation, make money out of the cus-
tomer or patron by graft."
After discussing the Hepburn railway rate bill
since February 28, when it was reported to the Senate
from the House, the measure, overloaded with amend-
ments, passed the Senate last Saturday by a vote of
71 to 3-Senators Morgan and Pettus of Alabama
and Foraker of Ohio voting against the bill. Accord-
ing to the expressed sentiment of the Republican
leaders of the House, there will be no difficulty over
concurrence and the bill will become law.
The matter of immigration laws and proper dis-
crimination concerning the character of those who
seek to become inhabitants of the United States is
of deep interest to every citizen of this country. On
this subject the Philadelphia Press contributes the
following able opinion:
"When fully one-third of the immigrants who
come to this country return, carrying back their
earnings, it is rather ridiculous, as in the debate on
Immigration Monday before the Conference on
Charities and Correction, to lay stress exclusively
either on the qualifications for entrance or on the
necessity of keeping this country an asylum of the
oppressed, as was done by .the defenders and op-
ponents of restriction.
"The conditions of immigration are radically
altered. One-third, 35 per cent, of those who come
sooner or later return. Many who labor cross back
and forth, again and again. The poorer European
countries, Italy, Hungary and others, swarm with
taose who have made enough here to live there.
What good do they do the United States?
"The overwhelming mass of the immigrants no
longer seek the soil and settle on farms. They
always did less of this than people in general imag-
ined. Bqt today the vast bulk of immigration goes
to cities, to contract labor and to the rural factory.
The record-breaking immigration, now in progress is
a direct result of the issue in the past eighteen
months of some $2,000,000,000 or more of railroad
bonds and shares whose proceeds have gone into new
railroad improvements, calling for labor on a great
"This labor is needed. Every obstacle to immi-
gration makes it dearer. Much of it will return. If
it could not, we should have an explosion in the next
deIression. But two-thirds of the immigration re-
mains. The level of its character and quality needs
to be raised. A stiff literacy test is the only fair
means of excluding the unfit. It will not exclude
(criminal or anarchist, but it will shut out ignorance.
It will check the steady tendency of our immigration
to drift from countries with an efficient school sys-
tem to countries without one, because the former are
internally prosperous and the latter are not.
"This country spends $273,000.000 annually to
educate its children. Why let any adult who cannot
read and write enter? congresss should impose this
requirement if it does nothing else."
May 26, 1906
S Editorials Hitherto Not Written P
LJAPPY is he, she or it that supplies the "long felt want." Not only does the aforesaid he, she or
"A it have the surpassing satisfaction that self approval brings, but the male or female person or the
genderless thing that seizes the opportunity presented in furnishing the much desired, will bask in the
warm sunlight of popularity.
THE SUN, finding the door of opportunity open, will enter without knocking by printing
editorials on every-day common-sense subjects. These editorials should have boon written long ago,
and the wonder is that they were not, but THE SUN has no time to wonder, it will get into the game
at once with editorials that will supply the Want long felt by every person who knows his own wants.
Look these over and then go home and express your satisfaction by kicking the cat all the way up stairs.
Then come back and thank THE SUN for making you think, for, TO MAKE YOU THINK is why
these editorials are written.
WHY RAIN FALLS.
THE TAILOR'S GOOSE.
It seems strange to us that in choosing the
national bird, our forefathers should have selected
the eagle and overlooked the tailor's goose.
In a democracy all fuss and feathers should be
discarded, and utility alone be the watchword. The
eagle is, no doubt, the better looker, but when it
comes to usefulness the tailor's goose has his haughty
brother whipped to a standstill.
Others may stick to the eagle, but as for us, we
are for the tailor's goose.
For downright common sense observe how superior
the tailor's goose is to the so-called bird of freedom.
The eagle wears feathers to keep him warm in win-
ter, but when the hot summer days are abroad in
the land, those feathers are there to torment him.
The tailor's goose does not bother himself with feath-
ers, and all he has to do when cold weather comes
is to have a fire built on his inside.
This is the age of common sense, and the bird
that has it should be the national bird.
Then we hear of two eagles, or three eagles, or
even a dozen eagles, but the tailor's goose stands
SINGULAR aND ALONE.
The ingenuity of man has never yet devised the
plural of tailor's goose.
Just think a minute. Take time to think. Com-
pel yourself to THINK about the plural of tailor's
goose, and see what a tangle you will get yourself in.
We .have heard a story of a hardware merchant
who wanted to order a supply of this useful bird, and
began his letter thus:
"Dear Sir: Please send me two tailor's geese."
This didn'% sound rignt, so he tore this letter up
and began again:
"Dear Sir: Please send me two tailor's gooses."
This did not suit him, so he again tore up and
"Dear Sir: Please send me two tailor's geeses."
By this time he was mad sure enough, so he
sharpened his pencil and waded in like this:
"Dear Sir: Please send me one tailor's goose-
and damn it, send me another."
If this don't prove that the tailor's goose deserves
the distinction of being the ONE bird that is hon-
ored above all others, we fall to see why.
We call on all lovers of right, justice, and the
eternal fitness of things to rally around
of the tailor's goose.
How often have you heard the expression, "sugar-
cured corn ?"
Many times, no doubt.
Did you ever stop to analyze it?
No, of course not t
This is because you have determined to go through
life like all the world and the rest of mankind
WITHOUT STOPPING TO THINK.
Well, maybe it was sugat-cured hams that the
expression was about, but the principle is the same.
You don't THINK in either case.
It's corns that engage the attention of the great
and only thinker who writes these tabasco editorials,
We say that CORNS CAN BE CURED
Without the use of sugar or any other foreign
The idea of using sugar to cure a corn pains uts
more than any corn we ever had. Everyone known
that sugar is made from beets and by a trust. Beets
being a vegetable, which is what corn is, will always
be found on the side of the corn, and as the trusts
always get there with both feet, a trust-made article
applied to one corn is in duty bound to spread the
affliction to the other foot.
This settles the sugar-cured corn question, even
if it had not been hams instead of corn.
Now for the cure-
Walk on your hands instead of your feet and
corns will trouble your feet no more.
Simple, is it not? But simple is as simple does.
So try our prescription.
Of course, you noticed how the rain fell this
Did you ever stop to think why the rain does
There must he msoe reason for this. There's a
reason for all things, and the failure to see the rea-
mon in not the fault of the things, but the fault of
those who observe them.
It in because there in no one in the world but us,
who really thinks.
When others go through this mental process,
instead of thinking, they only THINK they think,
and the result of this kind of thinking is the name
as no thinking at all.
With us it is different. WE THINK. For in-
stance, we have thought about this question of the
rain falling instead of rising.
Suppose for a moment the rain DID NOT FALL,
what a blow it would be to the great industry of
It is well known that no one will pay for putting
on a roof until he is satisfied that the roof does not
How in the world could anyone find out whether
a roof leaked OR NOT unless the rain fell?
The result would be that the roofing man would
never get his money, and great injustice would be
done to a worthy branch of our great industrial
We knew a man once who went to Arizona and
huilt a house which he covered with a lovely
thatched roof. lie was Justly proud of that roof,
and felt mire that it would NEVER LEAK. The fact
that it was his firmt roof, put him on his mettle, and
he took extra pains to make it tight. lie was will-
ing to bet his last dollar on the capacity of that roof
to turn any amount of water that could be put
lie lived in that house five years happy in the
satisfaction that comes to him who has a tight roof
over his head.
In the beginning of the sixth year a man rode
up to the door of this humble though happy home,
and it was not long before an argument came up on
the merits of that roof as a rain shedder.
The house owner, secure in the conviction that
had been his solace for five long years, argued that
the roof was tight. The stranger, whoen ancealral
line must have stretched unbroken back to doubting
Thonmas himself, WOULD NOT BE CONVINCED of
the roof's integrity, and said:
"You say the roof will turn a rain. Prove it.
HIIA it done it?"
The poor house owner had to acknowledge that it
never had, because in all the years that had elapsed
since it had been put over that house, NO RAIN
His confidence in his roof being shaken his home
was destroyed, and the man lived after that in a
cave, until death released him.
Wellman May Reach
the Pole This Summer
Christiania.-Though Wellman char.
tered the Frithjof for two years, the cap-
tain and crew understand that possibly
they may return to their families in the
fall or next spring of next year-all de-
pends on the wind. If Wellman, we are
told, sees his way to reach the North
Pole this summer, he will make haste,
after accomplishing the feat, to return
and inform the American newspapers,
end the Frithjof will be free to engage
in scaling-provided, of course, that
Wellman returns from the trip. If he
doesn't, the Frithjof will have to wait
bor him during the chartered period,
moving about to different latitudes, pre.
viously agreed upon, going to several
laces where Wellman may hope to join
the ship sooner or later.
The doubters-and there are many-
are afraid that Wellman's trip may be
shorter than the Cotard people, who
built the balloon, promise, "since the
airship is propelled by gasoline," gaso-
line poessg the well known tendency
of blowing up occasionally.
The captain of the Frithjof says: "If
the winds are favorable, the Yankee may
try to fly to the Pole without delay or
experimenting, and then our expedition
may come to an abrupt end, according
to the results achieved. If, however, the
winds prove unfavorable, the summer
will be spent in experimental flights,
trial tripe and observations. The bal-
loon, I understand, will be the greatest
ever eomtramted and entirely dirigible."
Louere Directors Fake'
Public With Mummies
Paris.-Ramses II. is a fake, and so
are "the Daughters of the Pharaohs" and
a dozen other famous mummies. For
years these high-sounding labels have
covered common, ordinary mummies,
neither four thousand nor forty thou.
sand years old. The fact in mummies,
royal or otherwise, cannot stand ex-
posure to light, such as museum pur-
poles demand. Ranses II. and the
Pharaohs of the sixteenth to twentieth
dynasty have fallen to pieces long ago;
new mummies were substituted and the
beholders were just as happy. And the
"new mummies" perished,, too, and
newer ones must take their places all
Classed as Dried Fish.-Your corre-
spondent was present at the receipt of
a mummy in the Louvre cellars the other
day. So was a custom house inspector.
'I he professor said the new arrival was
a lady of high degree, but the inspector
discovered that "she" was a gentleman.
"Never mind," he said; "this sort of
truck is classed as dried fish, anyhow."
The classification is doubtless made in
ascordance with the smell. The ems-
tkm house man revealed the facts above
given, namely, that the Louvre is con-
stantly importing mummies as substi-
tutes for the world-renowned Ramses
elas which perish in falling to pilees.
By Edward Fitzgerald
Raking the State Senate Over
Those whose memories carry them far enough
back to recall the days of "Pinafore" will remember
the bos'nn" who sang "For in spite of all temptations
to belong to other nations, I remain an Englishman."
It seems that the handful of papers that have elected
themselves champions of the anti-drainage cause will
allow nor temptation to discuss other matters pending
before the primary to swerve them from their oft-
repeated statements that drainage was the only issue
at stake in tne primary elections for nominations to
sixteen seats in the Senate and the full membership
of the House. .
I said last week, and I repeat now, that I do not
think the voters divided on this question. In several
of the counties all of the candidates for nomination
in the primaries had declared for drainage. In only
a few instances were the lines closely drawn.
Allowing the statement of the people who insist
that the drainage issue was the only issue, or the
dominant one, TO GO, for a moment, as the LIT-
ERAL TRUTH, I fail to see where these anti-drain-
age enthusiasts can get the slightest crumb of com-
frt from a contemplation of the returns, which are
now all in, for Senatorial seats.
Seventeen Senators have been elected, and a com-
plete list of the Senators in the next Lgislature is
available. Of the thirty-two Senators seventeen, can
be counted as DEAD SURE to vote for upholding the
plan of the Trustees of the Internal Improvement
Fund to drain the Everlades.
Of the remaining fifteen, but five can be counted
as dead against it. This leaves ten who belong to
one of two classee-those who lean towards the ad-
ministration and those who lean against it. I feel
at I would not go too far if I were to predict, at
this time, that before the Senate is organized, at least
TWENTY WILL BE FOUND READY TO VOTE
TO SUSTAIN THS TRUSTEES in the drainage and
reclamation work they have undertaken.
The membership of the lower house is not yet
determined, there being several contests to be fought
out in the second primary. Counting those who are
elected and those running in the second primary who
led in the first primary, it is quite easy to see that
a good working majority of the House will be found
on the administration side of the drainage propo-
These reflections are put forth merely because
the few anti-drainage newspapers and the more ac-
tive anti;drainage enthusiasts have insisted, as I
have said, on declaring drainage to have been the
only issue fought out In the primary. I do not re-
gard this view as a correct one. Uniform text-books.
good roads, taxation, immigration and other great
Atate questions held the attention of the voters in
far greater measure than did the drainage proposi-
tion and aside from a negative vote on all bills and
eoiu;tions offered by its opponents to handicap the
Trustees in the work of drainage which they have
undertaken, I do not think that this question will
bother the next Legislature.
It is rather early to predict, without seriously
jeopardizing the reputation of this writer as a
prophet, who will be President of the Senate. Hon.
W. Hunt Harris, who, in the face of considerable
opposition, again demonstrated his overwhelming
popularity in both Monroe and Lee Counties by roll-
ing up a large majority for himself as Senator from
the Twenty-fourth district, has been an avowed can-
didate for President of the Senate for a period dat-
ing back to the middle of the last session, during
which he was holding the same seat to which he has
John Henderson, who won his spurs so easily in
his first combat for political honors, defeating by
more than 200 votes the doughty Rawls, a foeman
worthy of any man's steel, would be a strong candi-
date for this position if he were to allow his name
to be used.
Frank Adams, whose hold on the affections of the
voters of Hamilton County, did not receive even q jar
in the latest demonstration of its permanent char-
acter, may have to he reckoned with by all whose
grasp is extended towards the gavel of the upper
branch of the Legislature.
I consider all three of the gentlemen just
mentioned STRONG P'OSSllLITIES, and a contest
among them would lack none of the spirit that gives
-est to a battle among giants.
I do not think that Senator Crill of Putnam will
be a candidate, nor do I regard the candidacy of
Harry Buckman of I)uval as probable. Both of these
gentlemen have been accused of cherishing an ambi-
tion to serve the State in a higher capacity, and
neither would, therefore, lie likely to voluntarily
bring down upon his future chances any of the bit-
terness that lurks in the soul of a defeated aspirant
for the high position of presiding officer of the Sen.
ate. loth of these gentlemen are much more likely
to steer clear of thie political lightning that strikes
the hopes of those who climb high and offer them-
selves as shining marks. Rather will they adopt
that course of suaave compliance with the wishes of
For Speaker of their H ouse, Syd L. Carter of
Alachua County has Ieen mentioned. If Mr. Carter
goes into this rnce he will bring to it a certification
of his high clhrnicter nali eminent litlnrss from all
who know him or know of himin
ionm. h.Iln \VW. Watson. who, hy the way. has ltwen
cited 1us an example of a succMssful anti-drainage
man. hbut who on the stump OPENLY IECLAREI)
his friendship to the drainage proposition and cited
his vote in the last House as proof of it, will prob-
ably again be a candidate for Speaker. Mr. Watson
was Speaker in the session of 1901, was a prominent
candidate in 1903, was again a candidate in 1905,
and defeated by the combination that put the easy-
going Gilchrist in the chair, and mourned it in
sackcloth ever afterwards. Mr. Watson is a man of
high character, well worthy of holding this distin-
Some foolish person away down in the lower end
of the Sate has published the remarkable statement
that John A. Graham would be a candidate for
Speaker. No such calamity as this is likely to hap-
pen. The time is past in Florida when a man
utterly without character can preside over the delib-
erations of a body composed of high-toned, patriotic,
As I said, the time is not yet for the political
prophet to put forth his prophecy. I only mention,
in passing, two of the men who may be candidates
for Speaker, and one who certainly WILL NOT BE
ALLOWED TO BE.
Again have the few shortcomings of the primary
system been demonstrated, but again also has the
fact that it is THE NEAREST APPROACH to get-
ting the expression of the people that has yet been
devised. BEEN AS CLEARLY DEMONSTRATED.
It is cumbersome, it is somewhat expensive, but it is
the ONLY SYSTEM that comes within gunshot of
perfection, even if perfection is a long way off and
will not be attained by human hands as long as the
world lasts. I do not think there will be found a
man with temerity enough to attack it in the next
Legislature, nor do I think it is likely to be inter-
fered with by amendments. Certainly no amend-
ment has yet been proposed with sufficient merit to
commend it to the consideration of more than a hand-
ful of dissatisfied office-seekers stung by their defeat
in its operation.
Coming back to the drainage proposition for a
minute, I am struck by the reflection that those
before mentioned anti-drainage enthusiasts are no
doubt SORRY THEY AIRED THIS QUESTION AT
ALL. It has stirred up the Governor, and he is out
in the open, fighting, and is bringing to the fight that
inomitable will, sleepless vigilance, wonderful ac-
tivity and capacity to endure the strain of battle
which put money in his purse as a filibuster, and
crowned his efforts as a campaigner by landing him
in the Governor's chair. Whether he be right or
wrong in his contention that the plan he has adopted
ins ra( table and feasible, he Is PREPARED TO
DEFENI) IT ON ALL SIDES AT ONCE from all
attacks that may he brought against it. He has
absorbed it in 14 system. He is loaded with facts
and figures to back his statements. Hlie oozes infor-
(Continued onNext Page)
May 26, 1906
Unpublished Letters of Pat
Dear Spotts-How's yer pulse after the pri- to carry him through in style until the next opening good fish is the sea as ever were caught if ye have the
marines? I hear ye have thrown away yer rubber of the intelligence office for the hiring of public ser- right kind of bait and know where to throw yer
heels and are wearing yer fingers out counting over vants. Now, what pickings do ye get? The glad hook. Look at me. I ain't crying, am It It's a
the members of the Senate trying to figure out a ma- hand with nothing in it. The happy smile with no shame, though, Pat, that the primary law has put
joritT agin Broward, and yer find yer short-fingered coin back of the patriot's grin. To be sure a few valuable and industrious harvesters on the hog."
and one yer count. dubs here and there get beer money, and some of the That reminds me of Choate and his literary bu-
Ah me boy, don't worry. Yer not the only lad lucky ones get the price of a pair of shoes, or three reau. Is it the kind of a bureau that ye pull out
that's lost a count by the token of the glorious up- dollars' worth of groceries, or something like that, a drawer and find dough in it? If it is I'll start one
lifted voice of a free people in primary assembled, an insult we would call it to experts like ourselves, and educate the people of Florida to the necessity of
Talk of hard luck, Spotts, I saw John Stockton the I was talking to Senator Jimmy Tolliver about knocking out the Railroad Commission-that mon-
morning after, and by the whiskers of the sacred it. I ran against him at the postoffice the other day, strous burden on the backs of the taxpayers of our
goat he had a face as long as the viaduct and as free and after he handed be the hearty fondle he says: beloved State-that wretched contrivance of law that
from charm. "Pat, it's a sight for sore eyes to see you again in makes our grand railroad companies bow and mrape
He, too, was counting on his fingers, but there was our fair city. I'm resting from me strenuous labors and kow-tow to that bunch of knockers of rmhaten
naught to it-hiaughty naught for his Baker. He in voting for the railway rate bill?' that we call Commissioners.
forgot to speak as he passed by, but I could hear him "Jimmy, Jimmy," I says, "why did ye do it? It'1 me for the literary bureau to down the Corn-
mutter to himself- 'rotten timber, blasted hopes, Don't ye know it was yer hand that helped to strike mish, and if I find there's money in the drawers of
stung again." me off the free pass list and keep me from me pro- the language chiffonier I'll give ye a job running a
Really, Spotts, it was pitiful to see a strong man fession of continent jumper?" typewriter, Spotts, and let ye help me spread win-
thus give way to his grief. 1 felt sorry for John. "Don't cry, Pat," says Tolliver. "It's all a bluff. dom in the land. It's me duty, as I see it, but I'll
Truly my sympathies were with him, as much as the We just threw a little molasses, on public opinion, be no hog, not even a shoatt," Spotts, and I'll give
time when Jimmy Tolliver got the strangle hold and and the House will scrape it off and haul the bill to ye the square deal. Ye know the square deal, Spotts;
threw him out of the nomination for Senator. the scrap pile. Don't worry, ye'll get yer pass if it's meself that told Theodore RoosevejL about it, and
Well, well, Spotts, somebody has to lose, and ye have to be put on the roll as an assistant attor- he's talked about it so much that now when he makes
Stockton is now so used to it that we naturally ex- ney." tne square deal spiel Ben Tillman jumps up and
pect him to swallow the crow. I want to tell ye, "Senator," I says, "what do ye think of the pri- down like a bronco with a pain in his neck.
Spotts, that this was a time when discretion was mary system ?" I may be out of town when ye get this, Spotts.
backed to win and got lost at the post in a dream. "Don't mention it, Pat," says Jim. "The sound as I expect to be called to New York on business of
Ye see John and Murdoch thought they'd play foxy- of the word gives me the shivers, and I think of the the Pennsylvania road for a few (lays, having just
act in I'm-taking-no-part-in-the-game style, and try narrow squeak I had in the last primary. If ye'd got a cable from President Cassatt, who wants me
to throw the .blinders over the dear voters by keep- pour hot milk down me back and say primary, sure to find out if it's true that there is grafting by the
ing low. So they give Baker a shove and sent him the milk would turn to ice cream before it had officials of his road. I've 'not decided. If he sends
out. "We dare not work openly for ye," they says. traveled a foot. This is confidential, Pat; I know me a pass I'll come. Ye can address me at the Hotel
"We are too well known, but we are with ye in spirit, I can trust ye. Publicly I'm delighted with the pri- St. Regis. I may not be there, but they know me.
and ye have our moral support." mary system. 'Tis a bird of freedom, and far be it I have a date to play a mixed foursome at the golf
'Twas there they fell down. Little Willie done from me to applaud the lad that's waiting behind course at Garden City, and young Jay Gould wants
his best, and had his political godparents remem- a bush to give it a death blow with a slung-shot. me to give him a go at tennis, he having heard of
bered that Duval County had grown in population Forget me hasty and passionate expression about me excellent service. mo ye see, Spotts, me time for
since last election and there were some voters who primary chills." the ufture is well filled. Besides, Jim Barra wants
didn't know John and Jim, and on account of that With that Jimmy sauntered off, the quintessenc me to make a balloon ascension when he opens his
fact they had got out and worked with the inno- of Senatorial dignity, a radiant vision of a statesman park in South Jacksonville, and the Pembroke Jones
cents they might have landed their man. But, whose greatest pleasure in life is to take the horny wants me to sing at a charity basar in Newport,
Spotted, alas for the plans of men, the saddest words hand of the common people in his perfumed and oozy Then, too, I'm considering a request from Henry
of tongue or pen was Stockton's holler, "It might grasp. *Iames to translate his book into English, and Rich-
have been." He's me friend. When me soul is bursting and ard Mansfield wants me to write a comic opera in
"I'm agin the primary, Spotts, I'm sick of it. me heartstrings arc giving me the toothache, I can which he'll star next season.
It's a fraud and an outrage, and I'm going to get go to Jimmy Tolliver and he will soothe me like a It's busy I'll be for a week or two, Spotts, but ye
Pleasant Holt to have it abolished. It's another trained nurse will pet and cajole a dyspeptic million- know me capacity for work when I once get started.
case of discrimination against the poor man and a aire. Ain't that the truth, Spotts? Ye know it is, A Kansas cyclone looks as though it was tied to the
millstone around the neck of the honest political ye sly dog. fence in comparison with me when I tear around the
worker. I poured out me feelings to our fat but active industrial race track.
Ye remember, Spotts, when we had convention friend Healy the other day about the primary law. Au revoir, as they say in Sweden. Ever yer
rule, a likely lad could earn enough in one campaign "Tut, tut, Pat," says the genial Major. "There's as devoted PAT MURPHY.
A Most Perplexing Case
(Continued from Third Page)
said that Caldwell looked like the negro who was
with Edwards. Edwards testified on the stand that
both Caldwell and Larkins were with him when he,
Edwards, fired the shot that killed my father. He
afterwards confessed that this statement was false,
and that neither Caldwell nor Larkins knew anything
about the shooting. The morning that Isham Ed-
wards was hanged I got permission from the Sheriff
to visit him in the jail. On his way to the scaffold
I said: "Edwards, you are going to the gallows.
Nothing can save you. I don't want any innocent
men to suffer on account of my father's murder. Tell
me the truth about this thing, now that you have a
last chance." Edwards replied: "I ain't gwine ter
tell you nothing I gwine ter be hung and I gwine
ter save dem boys if I kin."
This is the story told by Eppes which, as has
been said, he pieced out by weeks of search and days
and nights spent in covering the ground running
down every clue that pointed to a solution of the
mystery, and interviewing every person who was the
least likely to throw any light upon it.
Governor Broward has spent much time and has
used his contingent fund for the purpose of getting
at the truth about Caldwell and Larkins. There is
a mass of evidence on file in his office, the perusal
of which will not satisfy the mind of any person
interested that Caldwell and Larkins are guilty.
The substance of this evidence is as follows:
The only way in which Caldwell and Larkins
have been connected with the murder of Mr. Eppes
is by the testimony of Inham Edwards at the trial
of these two men. After he had given this testi-
mony Edwards confessed that lihe had perjured him-
self. and that the idea he had in laying Ipart of the
guilt on Caldwell and Larkins was that if he could
divide the responsibility it might go easier with
him, but after he was convicted and sentenced to be
hanged he told the truth so as to clear the two men
whom his testimony had convicted.
The day that Governor Broward signed the re-
prieve for Caldwell and Larkins evidence not before
produced was brought to him that there were several
people trading in Larkins' store at the time of iie
shooting; that Larkins and Caldwell were both there,
and that several persons were there when the shot
was fired, and these persons were ready to testify
that the condemned men were there also.
This is all the evidence that is before the Gover-
nor, and on this evidence he gave the respite to the
condemned men. Edward Eppes, being convinced by
his own researches of the guilt of Caldwell and
Larkins, regards this last as another attempt to free
these murderers by manufactured testimony from
their friends, and as he has proven each attempt in
turn to be false he is confident of his ability to get
evidence to offset this last attempt.
In the meantime, Caldwell and Larkins are in the
under a sixty-day respite granted by the Governor
Duval County jail, condemned to death and living
Sunday, May 6.
This, as has been said, is one of the most perplex-
ing cases that has ever arisen in the history of the
administration of justice in Florida. Opinion in
Leon County is divided as to tne guilt or innocence
of Caldwell and La.kins. A petition, signed by a
number of prominent professional and business men
in Tallahassee, was presented to the Governor qome
time before he issued his reprieve. There are others
of equal prominence who declare themselves as satis-
fled that these men are guilty, and who insist that in
view of the fact that there are more than 14,000
negroes and less than 4,000 white people in Leon
County, a salutary lesson is needed for the protc-.
tion of the lives of the white people from ignorant,
vicious and degraded negroes, to which class Caldwell
and Larkins belong.
The Mikado is Poorly Paid.
Tokio.-Even the Kings of such small and poor
countries as Italy and Spain receive more money
for the puny amount of work they perform than the
Mikado. For himself and the sixty memilrns of his
family he receives but six millions of france salary,
and his small private fortune yields him only $200.-
000 per annum more. The Japs granted him forty
million francs out of the imdenity China had to pay
* after the late war, but he is allowed only to draw
the Interest, namely, $400,000 per year.
Old Plum Tree
[Continued from Preceding Page]
mation from every pore, and his enthusiasm knows
not the beginning of a wane. From a campaigning
tour which tracked the doughty Abrams and beat
him to a standstill, he passed through Jacksonville in
time to vote and went on to Tallahassee to catch up
with the accumulation of work there. lie has taken
again to the stump, and his program includes speeches
at all the dangerous points along the line, and will
occupy him up to the time for holding the second
primary. He may be wrong, but NO MAN IS ABLE
TO0 SUCCESSFULLY STAND AGAINST HIM in a
debate on the merits of this proposition.
For what are known as the minor olices in the
Legislature, sometimes called attaches, the early
birds are as numerous as sparrows in the park on a
May morning. Charley Finley will contest with Mr.
Appleyard for the position of Secretary of the Sen-
ate. Charley has been counting noses since the pri-
mary, but Thomas is far too astute a politician to
trust all his eggs in the one basket of Railroad Com-
missioner and, like the redoubtable James 0. Blaine,
he has no doubt cast an anchor to windward fastened
by a cable which counts seventeen Senators among its
For doorkeepers and messengers, page", reading
clerks, janitors and sergeants-at-arms of the two
houses the canvas began the day after the primary,
and one Senator told me that he had received letters
asking his support for all of these positions in the
Senate as early as Wednesday night following the
primary. As these positions are the crumbs which
lawmakers use to toll the wary birds into their traps
w't for the catching of votes for their pet bills, it is
not likely that the number of them will be de-
creased. It will be a far safer prediction to make
that clerks and assistants and assistants to the
assistants wilU be more numerous than before.
SGHH Ma 26, 906
Saturday, May 26, 1906
of the proper officials to this violation of the auto speed law. And if an example
is wanted we commend him to any street in the city at any time of day, and
advise him to keep his eyes open and his watch in his hand.
Govemor Baiting: A Modem Pastime.
Once before, when Governor Broward made his speech from a stand erect,,ed
on the streets of this city, taking for his subject a question of State policy, %,
declared that we did not approve of the Governor's course. Since that time the
Governor has made speeches in many parts of the State, and he is now oi
another stumping tour.
We again take occasion to say that we think that the Governor is undig.i.
fled and tiat he should not adopt the stump as a means to impress his views .ot
questions of State policy upon the public mind. We think the proper course to
pursue would be for the Governor to enlighten the people about his official acts
by private letters or by communications to the press of the State.
It is perfectly proper for a CANDIDATE to meet the people on the stuimip
because his views are his personal views and lack the endorsement of a majority
of the people which gives them the weight of public approval. Governor Brow.-
ard's viewshave been indorsed by the people who elected him to the office he now
fills, and have thereby become questions of State policy which, as we have said(,
should be discussed in a more dignified manner.
However, while we no not approve of the Governor's stumping tour, WE
ARE NOT DISPOSED TO BLAME HIM.
His acts and his purposes, and even his honesty, have been so attacked by a
Special Interest Journalism.
In an editorial printed May 16th last, which was the day following the pri-
mary, the Times-Union made a review of the result. It said that the prejudices
of personal feeling should be proportionately weakened after a closer inspection of
candidates made possible by the narrowing of the field; that we should grow
more careful sines important questions of administration must occur in the sev-
eral counties and important questions of State policy will he settled at the next
session of the Legisature. It advised its readers tobe careful to form their
opinions after careful investigation and to make their votes reflect their conclu-
sions. It said the Times-Union believed that a larger majority of the legisla-
tive candidates who were nominated in the first primary are opposed to the
drainage scheme. It took the credit for this alleged victory, which the returns
do not show, to itself mainly, by saying that the press showed popular opinion
decidedly opposed to the policy of the Governor.
After this general introduction the Times-Union got down to the meat of
what it desired to put forth, by using this lanuage:
"However, if personal popularity has allowed a drainage advocate to slip
through, he should be tangled like an exhausted mullet in the second drawing.
Take no chances on a matter of such moment."
We have seen some remarkable language used by editorial writers in news-
papers devoted to the furthering of the private interests of their owners. Some
times the mask of "devotion to the public good" is dropped by the most careful
of these hired influenoers of popular opinion; but, for downright, BALD, BOLD,
OPEN AND BRAZEN SELFISHNESS in furtherance of the PRIVATE ENDS
OF ITS OWNERS, this sentence which we quote from the Times-Union easily
bears off the palm.
For months the Times-Union has been opposing the plan to drain the Ever-
glades. It has not hesitated to print wrong information on the subject. It has
not hesitated to misquote the words of the Governor. Editorials have appeared
in its columns with almost daily recurrence containing all the arguments which
the most adroit cunning could conjure up against it with reckless disregard for
In spite of the fact that THE PEOPLE HAD DECLARED BY DIRECT
VOTE IN FAVOR OF DRAINAGE, the Times-Union has pursued the tactics of
the cuttlefish to becloud the real issue of the proposition, and to conceal the
real purpose behind its antagonism to the plan.
The Times-Union is owned by three great corporations in this State. Two
years ago, when the plan to drain the Everglades was proposed by individuals to
whose interests the Times-Union is peculiarly devoted, that paper was positive
in its favor of the plan. When the time came for this same proposition to be
undertaken by the State WITHOUT CONFERRING ANY SPECIAL BENEFIT
on the friends of the Times-Union, the paper took as positive a stand against
it as it had before taken for it.
For the past few months the Times-Union has been so openly against the
drainage proposition that it cannot again change its tactics until at least two
years more have elapsed.
Now that this attitude of tpte Times-Union is thoroughly impressed upon the
minds of the people the full force of the sentiments expressed in the sentence
which we have quoted can be appreciated.
Note the language used: "However, if personal popularity has allowed a
drainage advocate to slip through, he must be entangled like an exhausted
Expressed differently this clause would read: "However, if the people have
exercised their right to choose the man to represent them in the Legislature whom
they regard as best fitted to carry out their views, the PRIVATE INTERESTr
should see to it that enough men are elected in the second primary to strangle
all of his efforts to CARRY OUT THE WILL OF THE PEOPLE WHO ELECTED
If there should be one man elected to the Legislature who shall be FREE TO
ACT according to the dictates of his conscience AND THE WILL OF THOSE
WHO ELECTED HIM, he should be strangled, sat down on, or, to use the lan-
guage of the editorial writer on the TIMES-UNION--"should be tangled like an
exhausted mullet in the second drawing"-so that his efforts will be for naught.
Again note the language of the sentence quoted: "Take no chances on a mat-
ter of such moment." Being interpreted this can mean but one thing. It is a
call to all who wish to see their private erds prevail AT ALL HAZARDS to get
out and by whatever means that can be thought of or devised to see to it that
enough men devoted body and soul to the purposes of the private interests are
elected TO OUT-VOTE THE ONES WHO ARE FREE.
We are forced to the conclusion that the man who wrote this editorial
SLIPPED IT BY THE MAN WHO WIELDS THE BLUE PENCIL.
It was good advice to put in a private letter marked "personal," sent to a
few discreet friends of the cause of protection to the interests; but it was very
bad advice to give to the intelligent people of Florida.
Auto Speed Violations.
This is a twentieth century newspaper, and we take pride in being up-to-date.
It is a pleasure to us to see the large number of automobiles that are in use
in this city of Jacksonville, and the goodly number in other cities. It is a fine
commentary upon the prosperity of the community, and it gives an air of modern
hustle that is good to see-the dash of these autos through the streets.
We think the spirit of progress demands that automobiles be given all
facilities possible for bringing to their owners the result of their purchase, which
is QUICK TRANSPORTATION. We would put no obstacle in the way of tlhe
man who owns an auto. We would allow him all the freedom posible.
But we cannot permit ourselves to forget that OTHER PEOPLE IIAVE
RIGHTS as well as auto owners, and we call attention to the violations of the
speed limit law which are daily occurring in Jacksonville.
The chief difficulty about a good-natured laxity in the enforcement of a law
is that the evil grows in direct proportion to the period of its sufferance.
We have observed that the speed of automobiles through the streets of .la
sonvllle is getting faster and faster and faster. This speed erae has resulted in
other cities in many serious aciedents to those driving the machines which.
when traced, were found to be the result of carelessness.
A man driving an auto constantly at a rapid rate becomes careless. We
think the proper time to stop this reckless violation of the speed limit is BEFl*OR
BOME WOMAN OR CHILl OR MAN IS KILLED OR SERIOUSLY HUltrT.
We have not sufficient information to enable us to say whether the s|Na||
law now on the city ordinance books is a proper one or not. but we iho say that
some restriction should he put upon the speIed of automobiles by law, nnd that th.
LAW SHIOULD BE ENFIRCE). We take the liberty of calling the attention
few newspapers in the State who have not hesitated to misrepresent, misquote
anE misinterret him on all occasions, that there is NO OTHER COURSE LEFT
A wilfully misleading statement is printed in one paper; another newspaper,
in a different part of the State, copies it; another newspaper, in still another
iSrt of the State, copies it again; in the meantime the first and second news-
papers have duly copied comments made in the third newspaper. In this way
the eight or ten newspapers in the State that are determined to see nothing g
in anything that the Governor may do, propose, or think, can, b this frendly
interchange of courtesies, make it appear THAT A LARGE NUMB R OF NEWS-
PAPERS ARE AGAINST THE GOVERNOR. And this kind of criticism gets
abroad and the people are misled.
The Governor is aroused by these unfair attacks on him, and being a full-
hblwled, determined man, he GOES STRAIGHT TO THE PEOPLE TO DEFEND
l1IMSEIF against the attacks of his enemies.
Biy euntant repetition the unfriendly eight or ten newspapers have made it
ovlroar w that in thet in th prinaris was on the drainage question. The
governor s aw that if this itea should, prevail, those who were elected to the
Legislature might be (C)MMITTED BEFOREHAND, and could not handle this
question in an Impartihl manner when it came before them.
THIS 18 WIHY the Uovernor has taken to the stump, and his tracks are
Saturday, May 26, 1906
plainly marked on the result in the primary. WHEREVER BROWARD WENT
the vote showed the effect of his presence.
He spoke in Volusia County and cut down the usual large majority of the
popular Sams to a beggarly 56. '
He spoke in Lake County and had for his antagonist the effervescent Major
Abrams; the son of this same Major was beaten in his race for the Senate.
lie spoke in Dade County, and so great was the effect of his talk that BOTH
CANDIDATES for Representative hastened to get on his drainage platform and
declare openly for it.
There are a few scattered contests left for the second primary, and we pre-
dict that wherever Broward goes so will the votes go.
It's cruel to allude to it, but John
political protege running in the primary
his title for that of Senator yet awhile,
news to Wetmore?
Stockton did have a brother-in-law and
just past. Judge Baker will not change
. Wonder if Earle telegraphed the sad
Maybe we didn't get stung by those two B's we tackled in the race for Rail-
road Commission. Come to think of it, we played in the wrong Appleyard, and
Bailey escaped with our lines after sustaining much damage in the region of our
. %F VN
Eliminate Professional Juron.
Written in the great cha ter signed nearly seven centuries ago by King John
of England while his barons damped on the marshy flat of Runnymede, are these
"No freeman shall be seized, or imprisoned, or dispossessed, or outlawed, or
in any way brought to ruin: we will not go against any man or send against him,
save by legal judgment of his peers."
This memorable article, in that bulwark of English liberty, lies at the base of
the whole judicial system of England.
It is the right*of trial by jury, and it was adopted by the founders of this
Like all other systems devised by the human mind, it is far from perfect, but
it has endured for seven centuries, during which the greatest changes known to
history have taken place, because NO BETTER SYSTEM CAN BE DEVISED by
wisdom vouchsafed to the human understanding.
"By judgment of his peers," ran the words in the great Charter.
THIS LANGUAGE CANNOT BE INTERPRETED TO INCLUDE THE PRO-
The very title--"professional"-stamps him as a man in whom the sacred
principle of exact justice. impartially rendered is perverted.
By adopting jury duty as a profession a man disqualifies himself for such
service by becoming a hired servant, and thereby surrendering his claim to the
title of "servant of right and justice."
Instead of being the "peer of any man," the professional juror is a place
holder who comes to regard his tenure and his pay as dependent on his ABILITY
TO PLEASE THOSE WHO HAVE THE POWER OF SELECTION.
His desire for the compensation blunts his finer moral perceptions, and robs
him of the freedom to decide a question of right ON ITS MERITS, when be fears
that such a decision may IMPAIR HIS CHANCES for further service.
It is inevitable that the attempt to administer justice by fallible human
hands will sometimes result in the exact opposite of justice, and it is well to
eliminate every chance for error to creep in which can be seen by human eyes.
We believe that the professional juror is responsible for more miscarriages
of justice than all the other causes combined.
We have him in this State.
Long has he inflicted us.
We should get rid of him.
As a means to this desirable end, we recommend the passage of a law that
will disqualify a man for service on the jury OFTENER THAN ONE TERM OF
COURT EVERY TWO YEARS.
This law is badly needed in this State.
It will kill off the pestiferous brood of professional jurors.
The next Legislature should enact it.
Free Alcobol a ileuing.
It nearly always happens that when some man, or body of men, conceives it
to be his or its duty to work against proposed legislation it is the farmer who is
Same one calls on some one else, and the call goes on down the line until some
commercial organization or Board of Trade or what-not, takes the field against
some bill pending in the national or the State Legislature because it will hurt
SOME PARTICULAR INTEREST.
In these scrambles for protection the interest of the farmer is always lost
So it in with the free alcohol bill in Congress.
We remember not long ago that at a meeting of the turpentine operators
Mr. W. F. Coachman called attention to this bill before Congress removing the
tax from alcohol for industrial purposes. The reason he gave for opposing it was
that it would HURT THE TURPENTINE INTERESTS If the price of alcohol
was cheapened. He pointed out that if the taxes were removed, alcohol, for
industrial purposes, could be produced for about twenty cents a gallon, and if this
were done this article would take the place of turpentine, at sixty cents a gallon,
in many industrial uses.
THIS IS CLASS LEGISLATION OF THE WORST KIND.
Mr. Coachman, while feeling a tender sympathy for the poor manufacturer
of turpentine, closes his ears to the frantic appeal of the farmer for the privilege
of using his decayed and wasted vegetables for the manufacture of alcohol which
lie could sell at a fair profit.
If there is one class of people who should be protected IT IS THE PRO-
The turpentine operators have been called producers, and justly so, because
they do extract the gum from the tree and turn it into a useful commodity.
But the farmers are producers of the FIRST CLASS. Without them the busi-
ness of the world would not be carried on 'for a single day. And while the turpen-
tine operators form no inconsiderable part of the population of Florida, and of
other Southern States, their numbers are insignifcant when compared to the over-
whelming majority engaged in agricultural pursuits.
There can be no doubt that free alcohol is directly in the interests of the
farmer and the general public.
The farmer will turn his decayed and wasted vegetables into money, and
the general public will have for use a cheap article for lighting and heating.
People have been accusing the Standard Oil Company of attempts to influ-
ence legislation for its own benefit. We cannot see that the efforts of Mr. Rocke-
feller to defeat the free alcohol bill-and these efforts have been great and worthy
of so able a fighter-differ from the proposition laid down by Mr. Coachman in
his recent address to the turpentine operators.
We have been particularly friendly to the turpentine PRODUCERS, and
we believe that these men have been friendly to us because it was through THE
SUN that the operators got information that they were entitled to have; but our
friendship for the turpentine operators does not blind us to the interests of our
FRIENDS THE FARMERS, and as we are, on principle, OPPOSED TO ALL
CLASS LEGISLATION, we must oppose it even when It is tried by those who
have been and, we hope, still are, our friends.
The Whistling Switch Engine Nuisance.
We dislike to discuss a purely local subject on this page because the circu-
lation of THE SUN is SEARCHING IN ITS DIVERSITY, reaching, as it does,
into every part of Florida; and our object from the first has been to make a
But we will have something to say about WHISTLING SWITCH ENGINES.
Although this subject is handled because of the annoyance caused by the
switch engines in the yards around Jacksonville, still, the subject, after all, may
be a general one in that every town in Florida may be suffering from the same
Coming down to the local end of the whistling switch engine proposition, we
will say that it is an abominable nuisance that should no longer aflict the cit-
iens of Jacksonville.
The engineers in charge of the switch engines in the terminal yards around
Jacksonville seem to take fiendish delight in sounding these whistle. at all hours
of the day and night, and to take pride in allowing no perceptible interval to come
between the ear-piercing shrieks of these instruments of torture.
Those persons living in the western part of the city, on both sides of the
creek for a distance of a mile on either side of the yards leading into the ter-
minal station, are loud in their complaints about these switch engine whistles
There does not seem to be sufficient reason for the sounding of these whistles
at all, but if it is necessary to give a warning signal SOME OTHER MEANS
should be devised THAT WILL NOT DISTURB THE SLEEP OF THE PEOPLE
We will not attempt to untangle the intricate skein of the multiplicity of
bards and ollkrs of this city government by calling on any PARTICULAR
BOARD or official to suppress this nuisance. We will put forth the statement
that it IS A NUISANCE, and SHOULD BE SUPPRESSED, and leave it up to
the proper board or the proper officer to do it.
May 26, 1906
I assured her I would not lose a single
instant, and five minutes later I was
tearing down the Morskaya in a drosky
alo -the canal and across the Nicholas
Bridl to the address upon the envelope.
The house was, I found, somewhat
smaller than its neighbors, but not let
out in flats as the others. Upon the
door was a large brass plate bearing the
name, "Olga Stassulevitch: modes." I
pressed the electric button, and in an-
swer a tall, clean-shaven Russian servant
opened the door.
"Madame is not at home," was his
brief reply to my inquiry.
"Then I will see the Red Priest," I
said in a lower tone. "I come froni
Elma Heath." Thereupon, without fur-
ther word, the man admitted me into the
long, dark hall and closed the door with
an apology that the gas was not lighted.
But striking a math he led me up the
broad staircase and into a small, cosy,
well-furnished room on the second floor,
evidently the sitting room of some stu-
dious person, Judging front the books
and critical reviews lying about.
For a few minutes I waited there, un-
til the door reopened, and there entered
a man of medium height with a shock of
long snow-white hair and almost patri-
archal beard, whose dark eyes that age
had dimmed flashed out at me with a
look of curious inquiry, and whose move-
ments were those of a person not quite
at his 4se.
"I have called on behalf of Mademoi-
selle Elma Heath, to give this letter to
Madame Stassuleviteh, or if she is ab.
sent to place it in the hands of the Red
Priest," I explained in my best Russian.
"Very well, sir," the old man re-
sponded in quite. good English. "I am
the person you seek," and taking the let
ter he opened it and read it through.
I saw by the expression of his fur
rowed face that its contents caused himl
the utmost consternation. Hils county
nance, already pale, blanched to the lips
while in his eyes there shot a fire of
quick apprehension. The thin, almost
transparent hand holding the letter
"You know Mademoiselle--eh?" he
asked in a hoarse, strained voice as he
turned to me. "You will help her to es
"I will risk my own life in order t(
save hers," I declared.
"And your devotion to her is prompted
by what?" he inquired suspiciously.
I was silent for a moment. Then I
confessed the truth.
"Ahl" he sighed deeply. "Poor young
ladyI She, who has enemies on every
hand, sadly needs a friend. But can we
trust you-have you no fear?"
"Of being implicated in the coming
revolution in Russia? Remember I ar
the Red Priest. Have you never heard
of me? My name is Otto Kampf."
Otto Kampf I
I stood before him open-mouthed. WhI
in Russia had not heard of that my.
serious unknown person who had dl
rented a hundred conspiracies against
the Imperial Autocrat, and yet the ider
tity of whom the police had always
failed to discover. It was believed tha
Kampf had once been professor of cheni
istry at Moscow University, and that Wi
had invented that most terrible and de
structive explosive used by the revoliu
tionists. The ingredients of the powel
ful compound and the mode of firing i
was the secret of the Nihilists alone-
and Otto Kampf, the mysterious leadeli
whose personality was unknown even t
the conspirators themselves, directed
those constant attempts which held thi
Emperor and his Government in sue
hourly terror. *
Rewards without number had been o
feared by the Ministry of the Interior ft
the betrayal and arrest of the unser
man whose poMwer in Russia, permeatiti
every class, was greater than that of tl
Emperor himnself-at whose very woi
one day the people would rise in a bod
and destroy their oppressors.
The Emperor, the Ministers, the polio
and the bureaucrats knew this, yet the
were powerles--they knew that tI
HIER 11101INESS 19 INQUISITIVE.
Instantly the danger was apparent,
and instead of driving back to tne hotel,
I called out to the man to take me to
the Moscow railway station, in order to
put the spy off the scent. I knew he
would follow me, but as lie was on foot,
with no drosky in sight, I should w able
to reach the station before hlie could, and
there elude him.
Over the stones we rattled, leaving
the lurking agent standing in the deep
shadow, but on turning back I saw him
dash across the road to a by-street,
where, in all probability, he had a con-
veyance in waiting.
Then. after we had crossed the Neva,
I countermanded my order to the man,
"Don't go right up to the station.
Turn into the Liteinoi Prospect to the
left, and put me down there. Drive
quickly, and I'll pay double fare."
lie whipped his horses, and we turned
Into that maze of dark, ill-lit, narrow
streets that lies between the Vosnesenski
and the Nevski. turning and winding un-
til we emerged at last into the main
thoroughfare again, and then at last
we turned into the street I had indi-
cated-a wide road of handsome build.
ings where I knew I was certain to Isw
able to instantly get another drosky. I
flung the mtun hil money, alighted. alil
two llminutes litter Wits driving on
towards the Ale\xinder ltridgue. traveling
int a circle Iniek to tlie hotel. Tune after
time I ghineed tlhindl. but sw notlIinm
of the Haron's spy, who hadl evidently
gone to the station with all speed, ex.
pecting that I was leaving the capital.
I found Elms in her room, ready
chevalier William L uu
Chevalier William Le Queu.
mysterious professor who had disap- d
peared from Moscow fifteen years before
and had never since been seen was only d
waiting his opportunity to strike a blow
that would stagger and crush the Em-
pire from end to end-yet of his where-
abouts they were in utter ignorance.
"You are surprised," the old man
laughed, noticing my amazement. "Well,
you are not one of us, yet I need not im-
press upon you the absolute necessity,
for Mademoiselle's sake, to preserve the
secret of my existence. It is because
you are not a member of 'The Will of
the People,' that you have never heard
of 'The Red Priest -red because I wrote
my ultimatum to the Czar in the blood
of one of his victims knouted in the
fortress of Peter and Paul, and priest be-
cause I preach the gospel of freedom and
"I shall say nothing," I said, gazing
at the strangely striking figure before
me-the unknown man who directed the
great unheaval that was to revolutionize
IRussia. "My only desire is to save
"And are you prepared to do so at the
risk of your own liberty-your own life?
AhI you said you love her. Would not
this be a test of your affection?"
"I am prepared for any test, as long
as she escapes the trap which her ene-
mies have set for her. I succeeded in
saving her from Kajana, and I intend to
save her now."
"Was it you who actually entered Ka-
tana and snatched her from that tomb!"
ie exclaimed, and he took my hand en.
I thusiastically, adding-"I have no fur-
ther need to doubt you." And turning
to the table he wrote an address upon a
slip of paper, saying, "Take Mademoi-
Selle there. She will find asafe place of
concealment. But go quickly, for every
* moment places you both in more deadly
peril. Hide yourself there also."
. I thanked him and left at once, but as
, I stepped out of the house and re-entered
f the drosky I saw close by, lurking in
t the shadow, the spy of "The Strangler of
r Finland," who had traveled with me
e Our eyes met, and he recognized me,
e notwithstanding my light overcoat and
- new hat.
Then, with heart-sinking, the ghastly
o truth flashed upon me. All had been in
vain. Elma was lost to me.
"I am sure it is very good of you,
Princess," I said gratefully. "Miss
Ileath is the victim of a vile and das-
tardly conspiracy. When I tell you
that she has been afflicted as she is by
her enemies-that an operation was per-
formed upon her in Italy while she was
unconscious-you will readily see in
what deadly peril she is."
"What!" she cried. "Have her one.
ni'e actually done thi? Horriblee"
"Sihe will wprhlnp tell vou of the
strange romance. that surrounds hier-a
mystery which I have not yet Iwen aile
to fithtom. She1 is a Russinn N hbjeet,
although she has lsen edtuated in Eng-
land. Baron Oberg himself is, I believe,
her worst and most litter enemy."
"Ahl the btranglerl" she exclaimed
Dressed to go out, wearing a long travel-
ing cloak, and in her hand was a small
dressing case. She was pale and full of a
anxiety until I showed her the slip of i
paper which Otto Kampf had given me d
with the address written upon it, and
then together we hurried forth. I
The house to which we drove was, we I
discovered, a large one facing the Fon- i
tank Canal, one of the best quarters of a
the town, and on descending I asked the t
liveried dvornick for Madame Zurloff, I
the name which the "Red Priest" had ]
"You mean the Princess Zurloff," re-
marked the man through his red beard. t
"Whom shall I say desires to see her?" i
"Take that," I said, handing to him (
the piece of paper which, beside the ad-
dress, bore a curious cipher-mark like
three triangles joined.
lie closed the door, leaving us in the
wide carpeted hall, the statuary in which
showed us that it was a richly-furnished
place, and when a few minutes later he
returned, he conducted us upstairs to a
fine gilded salon, where an elderly gray-
haired lady in black stood gravely to re-
"Allow me to present Mademoiselle
j..Ima Heath, Princess," I said, speaking
in French and bowing, and afterward
telling her my own name.
Our hostess welcomed my love in a
graceful speech, but I said-
"Mademoiselle unfortunately suffers a
terrible affliction. She is deaf and
"Ah, how very, very sad!" she ex-
claimed sympathetically. "Poor girl!
poor girl! and she placed her hand ten-
derly upon Elma's shoulder and looked
into her eyes. Then, turning to me, she
said: "So the Red Priest has sent you
both to me! You are in danger of ar-
rest, I suppose-you wish me to con-
ceal you here?"
"I would only ask sanctuary for
Mademoiselle," was my reply. "For
myself, I have no fear. I am English,
and therefore not a member of the
"The Mademoiselle fears arrest ?"
"There is an order signed for her ban-
ishment to Saghalein,' I said. "She
was imprisoned at Kajana, the fortress
away in Finland, but I succeeded in
"She has actually been in Kajana!"
gasped the Princess. "AhI we have all
heard sufficient of the horrors of that
place. And you liberated her! Why,
she is the only person who ever escaped
from that living tomb to which Oberg
sends his victims."
"I believe so, Princess."
"And may I take it, m'sieur, that the
reason you risked your life for her is
because you love her? Pardon me for
"You have guessed correctly," I an-
swered. Then, knowing that Elma could
not hear. I added: "I love her, but we
are not lovers. I have not told her of
my affection. Hers is a long end strange
story, and she will perhaps tell you
something of it in writing."
"Well," exclaimed the gray-haired
lady smiling, leading my love across the
luxurious room, the atmosphere o, which
was filled with the scent of flowers, and
taking off her cloak with her own hands,
you are safe here, my poor child. If
spies have not followed you, then you
shall remain my guest as long as you de-
(Oontinued on Fourteenth Pagel
with a quick flash in her dark ey(,.
"But his end is near. The Movement i.
active in Helsingfors. At any monuint
now we may strike our blow for fri.e-
She was an enthusiastic revolutionist.
I could see, unsuspected, however, by thl
police on account of her high position
n Petersburg society. It was she who,
as I afterwards discovered, had furnishlid
the large sums of money to Kampf for
the continuation of the revolutionitrv
propaganda, and indeed secretly devotcil
the greater part of her revenues from lier
vast estates in Samara and Kazan to
the Nihilist cause. Her husband, himi-
self an enthusiast of freedom, although
of the high nobility, had been killed by
a fall from his horse six years before.
and since that time she had retired from
society and lived there quietly, making
the revolutionary movement her sole ot.-
cupation. The authorities believed that
her retirement was due to the painful
loss she had sustained, and bad no sus-
picion that it was her money that en-
abled the mysterious "Red "Priest" to
slowly but surely complete the plot for
the general uprising.
She compelled me to remove my count,
and tea was served by a Tartar footman,
whose family she explained had been
serfs of the Zurloffs for three centuries,
and then Elma exchanged confidences
with her by means of paper and pencil.
"Who is this man Martin Woodroffe,
ot whom she speaks?" asked the Prin-
cess, turning to me.
"I have met him twice-only twice,"
I replied, "and under strange circum-
stances." Then, continuing, I told her
something concerning the incidents of
the yacht Lola.
"He may be in love with her, and de-
sires to force her into marriage," she
suggested, expressing amazement at the
curious narrative I had related.
"I think not, for several reasons. One
is because I know she holds some secret
concerning him, and another because hIe
is engaged to an English girl named
"Leithcourt? Leithcourt?" repeated
the Princess, knitting her brows with a
puzzled air. "Do you happen to know
her father's name?'
"And he has actually been living in
"Yes," I answered in quick anxiety.
"He rented a shoot called Rannoch, near
Dumfries. A mysterious incident oc-
curred on his estate-a double murder.
or murder and suicide; which is not
quite clear-but shortly afterwards there
appeared one evening at the house a man
named Chater, Hylton Chater, and the
whole family at once fled and disap-
Princess Zurloff sat with her lips
pressed close together, looking straight
at the silent girl before her. Elma had
removed her hat and cloak, and now mat
in a deep easy chair of yellow silk, with
the lamplight shining on her chestnut
hair, settled and calm as though already
thoroughly at home. I smiled to myself
as I thought of the chagrin of Woodroffe
when he returned to find his victim miss-
"Your Highness evidently knows the
Leithcourts,' I hazarded, after a brief
"I have heard of them," was her un-
satisfactory reply. "I go to England
sometimes. When the Prince was alive,
we were often at Claridge's for the sea-
son. The Prince was for five years mil-
itary attache at the Embassy under de
Staal, you know. What I know of the
Leithcourts is not to their credit. But
you tell me that there was a mysterious
incident before their flight. Explain it
At that moment the long white doors
of the handsome salon were thrown open
by the faithful Tartar servitor, and
there entered a man whose hair fell over
tihe collar of his heavy overcoat, hut
whom, in an instant, I recognized n'
Both Elma and 1 sprang to our feet.
while advancing to the Princess he bent
and gallantly kissed the hand she held
May 26, 1906
John Henry on Courting
By GEORCG V. HOBART
Are you wise to the fact that every- His intentions are honorable and he Oscar with the souse thing for sure. clock on the mantel tick, tick, tick I
thing is changing in this old world of wishes to prove them so by shooting When he would recover strength lie is making the bluff of his life you
ours, and that since the advent of fuss- his lady love if she renigs when he enough to walk down town without at. see, and he has to do even that on tick.
wagons even thatne te adivnenat of f makes a play for her hand. tracting attention of the other side of Besides, this furnishes the local color.
wagons even the old-fashioned idea of I think the old style was the best, the street, he would call on Lena and Then Gonsalvo bursts forth again:
courtship has been chased to the woods? because when young people quarreled say: "Lena, forgive me for what I "Imogenel Oht Imogene will you In,
It used to be that on a Saturday even- they didn't need an ambulance and a done, but love is blind-and, besides, I mine and I will be thine without money
ing the young gent would draw down hospital surgeon to help them make up. mixed my drinks. Lena, I was on the and without the price."
In the old days Oscar Dobson would downward path and I nearly went to Gonsalvo pauses to let this idea get
his six dollars' worth of salary and chase draw the stove brush cheerfully across hell." noimed about a little.
himself to the barber shop, where the his dogakin shoes and rush with eager Then Lena would say: "Why, Oscar, Then he goes on: "Be mine, Imogenet
Dago lawn trimmer would put a crimp feet to see Lena Jones, the girl he wished I saw you anti your bundle when you You will be minus the money while I
in his mustache and plaster his fore- to make the wife of his bosom. fell in the well, but I didn't know it was have the price!"
head with three cents worth of hair "Darling!" Oscar would say, "I am as deep as you mention." Gonsalvo tremtbles with the passion
and a dollar's worth of axle grease. sure to the bad for love of you. Pipe Then they would kiss and make up, which is consuming his pocketboomk, and
Then the young gent would go out the downcast drop in this eye of mine and the wedding bells would ring just then Imogene turns languidly from a
and spread 40 cents around among tile and notice the way my heart is hub- as soon as Oscar's salary grow large right angle triangle into more of a
tradesmen for a mess of water lilies bling over like a bottle of sarsaparilla enough to tense a pocketbook. straight front, and hands Gonsalvo IL
and a bag of peanut brittle, on a hot dayl Be mine, Lena I be But these days the idea is altogether bitter look of scorn.
The lilies of the valley were to put mine." different. Then Gonsalvo grabs his revolver and,
on the dining room table so mother Then Lena would giggle. Not once, Children are hardly out of the cradle aiming it at her marble brow, exclaims:
would be pleased, and with the peanut but seven giggles, something like those before they are arrested for butting into "Marry me this minute or I will shoot
brittle he intended to fill in the weary used in a spasm. the speed limit with a smoke wagon. you in the topknot, because I love you."
moments when he and his little geisha Then she would say: "No, Oscar; Even when they go courting they Then papa rushes into the room and
girl were not making goo-goo eyes at it cannot be. Fate wills it otherwise." have to play to the gallery. (lonsalvo politely requests the old gen-
each other. Then Oscar would bite his finger nails, Nowadays Gonsalvo 1T. Puffenlot tienman to hold two or three bullets for
But nowadays it is different, and pick his hat up out of the coalscuttle walks into the parlor to see Miss Imo- him for a few moments.
Dan Cupid spends most of his time on and say to Lena: "False onel You gene Cordella Hoffhrew. (lonsalvo then bites deeply into a mot-
the hot foot between the coroner's of- love Conrad, the floorwalker in the "Wie gets, Imogenel" says Gon. tie of carlolic acid, and just as the
flee and the divorce curt. butcher shop. Curses on Conrad, and salvo. coroner climbs into the house the pie-
I've got a hunch that young people see what you have missed, Lena. I "Simlich!" says Imogene, standing at tures of the modern lover and loveress
these days are more emotional and like have tickets for a swell chowder party right angles near the piano because she appear in the newspapers, and fashion-
to see their pictures in the newspapers,. next Tuesday. Aht farewell forever!" thinks she is a Gibson girl. able society receives a jolt.
Nowadays when a clever young man Then Oscar would walk out and hunt "Imogene, dearest,'" Gonsalvo con- This is the new and up-to-date way of
goes to visit his sweetheart he hikes up one of those places that Carrie Na- tinues; "I called on your papa in Wall making love.
over the streets in a benzine buggy, and tion missed in the shuffle, and there, Street yesterday to find out how much However, I think the old style of
when he pulls the bell-rope at the front with one arm glued tight around the money you have, but he refused to name courting is the best, because you can
door he has a rapid-fire revolver in one bar rail, he would fasten his system to the sum, therefore you have untold generally stop a jag before it gets to
pocket and a bottle of carbolic acid in a jag which would last for a week. wealth the undertaker.
the other. Despair would grab him, and he'd be Gonsalvo pauses to let the Parisian What do you think
Agricultural Topics .* W. PABOR
Among the changing months, A
The sweetest and in fair
When April steps aside for I
Like diamonds all their
Fresh violets open every day
To some new bird each houi
Sweet May has come to love
Flowers, trees, their blossom
And through the blue heavens
The very clouds move on.
Thus, the singers of Engl<
icn and Germany offer trihb
May. But in Florida every
more or less & May, by reai
petual greenery and bloom.
and boys could have a fei
crown the chosen queen with
and every month in the year.
My, oh my I but April wa
in May we look for many a r
For the next four months t
and fruit-growers will have
for labor and short nights foi
There will be but little of
record in this department unt
crops begin to ripen, more esj
Eat candy if you are exha
Professor F. 8. Lee of Colum
sity. Any form of sugar tak
quantity will produce the si
molasses being effective, or
sugar will knock out wearing
ing" the sugar cane, therefore
the main reason why the co
and kiddies are so full of ac
THE ETERNAL GA(R
4 wander in an
Let us wander in ansFqrp
1,300 years B. C. "She led me, hand in
hand, and we went into her garden to
lay stands converse together," says the Post Ex-
press. "There were currant trees and
est colors cherries ruddier than the ruby. The ripe
peaches of the garden resembled bronze."
rhomson. Coming down three centuries, we find.
that Solomon the singer of songs, had
Way, a garden, or at least could describe one.
rain drops "Awake, 0 north wind; and come, thou
south; blow upon my garden, that the
; spices thereof may flow out. Let my be-
r we listen, loved come into his garden and eat his
Larcom. pleasant fruits." Hardly less attractive
than this is what Homer writes in the
us, Odyssey: "And there grow tall trees
ms don; blossoming, pear trees and pomegran-
above us ates, and apple trees with bright fruit,
and sweet figs, and olives in' their
-Heine. bloom." Pliny the Elder, who perished
in the eruption of Vesuvius, A. D. 70,
ind, Amer- calls a garden "a poor man's shamble,
ute to the it was all the market-place he had for
month is to provide himself with victuals."
son of per- At this early time they had cabbages
Our girls and salads of herbs, and spices for dress-
stival and ing the meat, and by 1180 when Alex-
roses any ander Neckam, the first Englishman to
write on gardens, described the proper
one, there were all these plants to be
s dry, but put in: "There you should have pars-
rainy day. ley, cost, fennel, southernwood, corian-
he farmers der, sage, savory, hyssop, mint, rue, dit-
the farmers cany, smallage, pellitory, and lettuces.
long days There should also be beds planted with
r rest. onions, leeks, garlic, pompons and sha-
lots. The cucumber growing in its lap,
interest to and if occasion furnish thee, pottage
il the later herbs, beets, herb-mercury, orache, sor-
pecially the rel and mallows, anise, mustard, white
pepper, and wormwood, do also good
service in a gardenlet."
en in small PINEAPPLE DISEASE OF SUGAR-
even plain CANE.
*e, must be In behalf of all the pineapple grow-
untry kids ers of Florida, I rise to object to hav-
tivity. ing the word pineapple tacked on to a
DEN. disease of sugarcane, as has been done
by the Hawaii Experiment Station in
tial garden, a pamphlet on plant diseases in Ha-
wail; one of which is called "The Pine- o
apple Disease of Sugarcane." Why-
Pineapple? Just because the fungus,
when freshly cut, has a pineapple odor. ]
That is all. It is due to the formation
of ascetic ether by fungus from the sac-
charine substance within the cane stalk.
Those who read the name only will at
first thought jump to the conclusion
that some disease of the pineapple has
seized upon the sugarcane. BecAuse of
this, Florida protests against the men-
tion of the name.-Pabor Lake Pine-
Hawaii Experiment Station, Honolulu,
Hawaii. April 24, 1000.-W. E. Pabor,
Avon Park, Fla.: Dear Sir-T note
your editorial, Vol. 8, No. 3, of the
Palor Lake Pineapple, objecting to the
use of the name "Pineapple Disease" of
snuarcane. We did not coin the name,
which has been in use for many years in
cane-growing countries the world over.
If the pineapple growers can prevail
upon the cane growers to change the
appellation, well and good.
Incidentally, as a matter of news, Ha-
wall will have about five million pines
growing by the end of this year, two
million of them in a single plantation.
One of our plantations expects to mar-
ket 700,000 ripe pines during the pres-
ent season. Yours truly,
JARED 0. SMITH.
P. B.-There is.no frost in Hawaii.
New Orleans, La., May 15, 1906.-W.
E. Pabor, Pabor Lake, Avon Park P. 0.,
Fla.: Dear Mr. Pabor-Your favor of
the 10th inst. is received and carefully
noted. In Louisiana we know of no
such disease to sugarcane as pineapple
disease. On the other hand, from what
Mr. Jared G. Smith says, I should infer
that the disease may be known in the
Hawaii islands and probably in the Far
East, say in the Mauritius, Java and
elsewhere, as the pineapple disease from
thle fact that the odor of the diseased
plants is similar to that of the pine.
Anyway, while very familiar with our
own industry. I have no knowledge what-
ever of the disease.
I hope that you are enjoying good
health and that we shall have the pleas-
ure of seeing you next month in Indian-
apolis. Yours truly,
The Bureau of Entomology announces
that this is the year for the periodical
cicada, or seventeen-year locust, giving
the localities where the brood may be ex-
pected. Florida, fortunately, is one of
the States that will escape the visita-
tion. Kentucky will get more than all
the rest of the States. Tennessee, North
Carolina and upper Georgia will t
some. In the North, Pennsylvania, New
Jersey and a small strip on the border
line of Illinois and Wisconsin seem to be
the only sections likely to be troubled.
West of the Mississippi they are not ex-
pected. This distribution is based on
records given by Riley. They last ap-
peared in 1880. The principal damage is
done to young fruit trees, and the ex-
perience of observers covering several
periods, indicates that they will appear
about the last of May.
My garden is a forest ledge
Which older forests bound;
The banks slope down to the green lake's
Then plunge to depths profound.
A little garden square and walled
And in a grove an ancient evergreen,
A yew tree and all around it ran a walk
Of shingle and a wall divided it.
A garden, sir, wherein all rainbowed
flowers were heaped together.-Kings-
An album is a garden, not for show;
Planted for use, where wholesome seeds
should grow. -Chas. Lamb.
God the first garden made.-Cowley.
May 26, 196
Clippings From a Diary of '35
Edwin Paul Dar%,
This Story Was Contributed to THE SUN
S Prise Story Contest
Professor Johnson was waiting impa-
tiently for the morning's mail. It had
not come. Perhaps the postmaster had
more to distribute than usual, for it was
Monday, and Sunday's mail was to be
Hark Ahl there is the postman's
whistle, and Jip, the Professor's shep-
herd, runeas off to get the mail, but he
does not get it. The postman brings it
to the door himself, for there is a letter.
The Profesor takes the mail and makes
himself comfortable before the fire and
opens the letter. It read thus:
"J Fla.-Professor Johnson:
Dear Sir-Hearing you were writing a
historic novel, I send enclosed a clipping
from a diary kept by a relative of mine
during the Indian War. The names of
the personnel I have omitted for personal
reasons. If the clipping is of any use
to you it may be used in any way. From
a well-wishing friend."
After the Professor read the note he
picked up the piece of paper that had
fallen out of the envelope, and began to
read it. It began thus:
November 30, 1835. I have not made
any entry in my diary for some time,
owing to the fact that we have been on
a scouting expedition down the banks of
the St. Johns. Sixty of us, under Capt.
M-- were sent out to locate a band
of Indians that were troubling the peo-
ple around Magnolia Ford Bluff. After
we were out about two weeks we received
a message from Block House No. 10, on
the right side of the river going up. It
"Block House No. 10, Nov. 14, 1835.-
Capt. M- Dear Sir: A party of
about fifty mounted braves, under Black
Snake, are headed south on the left side
of the river. They will possibly reach
you a few hours after receiving this.
Mtop or detain them as long as you can.
"Col. J- ."1
After Capt. M- read the letter
he said "Boys, I've received a message
from Col. J- and he says Black
Snake and fifty braves are moving south.
We are to stop them, and we will!"
He then gave us his orders. Hlie or-
dered fifty of us, I among the number,
to eros the St. Johns and form a kind
of picket line extending out about a mile
on the side Black Snake was expected.
We were stationed about two hundred
yards apart, and if one of us found In-
dians we were to follow them to camp
and then call in the other men and re-
It was about 10 o'clock when we were
stationed. Until 4 no sound broke the
almost oppressive stillness, but just aftei
that several shots were heard up river
Nothing occurred until sundown. Just
as the sun set I noted a mounted Indian
who apparently was looking for a place
to camp. I moved a little nearer to
where he. had dismounted, and saw by
his trappings he was a Creek Indian
He got a lot of wood together and wai
lighting a fire when I heard a horse
neigh a little ways up river. The In
dian went on with his preparations jus
the same, so I concluded he must be a
forerunner of a band-probably Blaci
Snake himself-and it was his friend
up stream. With this idea in mind
crawled along until pretty near to hi
camp, then hid. I had not been in m;
new position a minute when a band o
mounted warriors came galloping towar
my hiding place. I was sure they wer
friends of the Indian making camp, an
would therefore stop. I couldn't tel
who the chief was, but I decided before
saw his countenance that it must h
Black Snake and his famous "Whit
Horse." "White Horse" was a mill
white stallion that Black Snake caught
when young and trained him to his us
"White Horse was a racer, too, and h
had won many honors for the Creek In
dians, as well as wampum and---e
emies. The instant the band reached thi
Indian's camp they dismounted and fixe
their horses, then prepared their boug
cote with blankets on other boughs forn
lef a kind of "lean to" wigwam.
I waited for some time to try and in
out how long they intended to stay. I
had not long to wait. Pretty soon Black
Snake, who was an Indian of fine stature
and of great muscular development, came
into the circle where the warriors were
smoking. He made a short talk, and
they palavered and pow-wowed on many
topics. Finally, I got the information
desired and then crawled away with my
heart in my mouth. After I called in
the other pickets-and they were glad to
come in, you may be sure-and then I
went to camp and made my report to
I told him Black Snake's men were too
well equipped for us to venture an at-
tack, unless we wished to lose more men
than we could afford. But I did tell him
that we could stop Black Snake by sub-
terfuge, and then told him my plans.
He said they were good ones, and so
gave me permission to venture "my ven-
Captain and I decided not to let the
men take part in my little "fun." I
knew if I succeeded in my little project
my fortune was made-in the army.
After staying in camp till about 10
p. m., I crept along toward the Indians,
who were about a mile north of us. After
I got in sight of their fire I went slower
and more careful, not stirring even a
leaf. I crawled along until I was pretty
close to their camp, about fifteen or
twenty yards from the outside of the cir-
cle made by the fire. I saw the Indians
had made a semi-circle around the
horses, which were not tethered, except
"White Horse," their leader (the horse's,
I mean). He was tethered to a tree so
that he could reach water in the river.
The river made a fence on one side of
the semi-circle made by the camp.
The Indians in most part were sitting
around the fire smoking, telling yarns
or mending their implements of war and
of the chase, for they were going to break
camp at sunrise and join Osceola, who
was around Lake Okeechobee, watching
for a chance to strike the settlers a blow
Osceola had just been released from a
prison, where he had been pining for his
squaw, whom a slave trader had claimed
as a negro escaped from a Virginia mis
tress. He was with Wild Cat, for those
two chiefs had linked their fortunes and
I their clans together,. and were makivfi
desperate attacks on the "pale faces."
As I watched those wild men of the
I wood I perfected my plans. My main
object was to secure their horses. This
could be done with, possibly, no blood
shed on either side, and I was to do it I
One by one they dropped away front
their circle and went to their blankets
until only six old Indians were left by
r the fire.
I went back to camp to report my ob
t servations and my new plans. It was
then about midnight. I hoped that by
e 2 the Indians would be asleep and the
o fire out. Just as the moon set, about
Y 1:30, I left camp and made a detou
around the Indians' camp until I go
s directly north-about a mile--of them
e and on the bank of the river. Then
got into a kind of floating bower I had
t made. It looked just like a log tha
a had collected grass floating down stream
k with me inside. The current took m
s down stream rather slowly. After I go
I started I realized what was before me
s The water was not very cold, but th
y 'gators were swimming around me.
f suppose they contemplated taking a na
i on that "log," but they were not hungry
e or something was the matter with then
d for they never molested me.
II Although I seemed to go slow I wa
I soon close enough to the enemies' cam
e to see the outlines. Then I began t
e steer toward their side of the river, seal
*. ning the bank as well as I could for son
it stray sentinel, but nothing but horse
e. could be seen.
le "White Horsew," my target. was und'
u- a tree near the bank. Hlie was in dee
n- shadow. cast by the tree,. and I could
ie only surmine that the white spot was h
d As soon as I could walk in the wats
h I did so. and went slowly up the bani
a- working in at right angles to the camI
So by the time I had crawled out of th
d water I was on the bank encircled by tU
Indians' camp, and almost under the
tree "White Horse" was anchored to. I
lay still on the bank for a while trying
to detect the slightest stir in camp, but
that seemed to be wrapped in deep sleep.
I didn't think they even had a sentinel
As I worked my way between the
sleeping horses I looked to see if any
were tied, but only two were, and they
were evidently chiefs' horses.
It takes very few words to tell my
actions after I left the river brink, but
let me say I went as still as a snake
and very slow, painfully slowly
As I said, I went to the sleeping
horses and found two tied. After cut.
ting these, I was crawling along
toward "White Horse" when a rustling
noise near him startled me. I flattened
myself to the ground and listened. It
was not a horse. I heard the noise
again, so decided it must be an "Injun"
sleeping under the tree-perhaps Black
Here was a difficulty I had not thought
of. How get rid of him? I lay there
on the ground for a few minutes, but
not hearing anything else I began crawl.
ing up toward the body of the tree. As
soon as my eyes got accustomed to the
intense darkness under the tree I saw
the outlines of a dusky form very near
"White Horse." My suppositions were
true. It was Black Snake. He was
asleep, thanks to his being tired.
I had to discard several plans before
I hit upon one that I considered safe and
that would not rouse him or the camp--
) or both.
The first thing I did was to cut the
buckskin holding "White Horse" to the
tree. This being done, I crawled under
( "White Horse" and up to the Indian's
feet, then I commenced cautiously to dig
I the earth away from under his right leg
just above the anxle, and it took some
) time to dig it large enough for me te
pass the thong under his foot. As soon
as it was, though, I slipped the buckskin
t under and brought it around, making a
R running noose around the ankle. I then
attached the other end of the thong to
the tree. If he attempted to rise ne
P would be brought to earth. After these
I preparations were completed I crawled
up to "White Horse" and perfected my
plans. A large oak limb extended almost
P over him, and I could drop on his back
from it. With this thought in mind ]
8 commenced to climb slowly and carefully
I believe I never did any harder work
than climbing that oak, although th,
i limbs were not more than eight fee
1, above ground. As soon as I reached thi
y limbs I selected the lowest that hunj
over "White Horse," and crawled slowly
out over him.
s It must have been about half past two
y and so I had to hurry for it would Nb
P light in an hour. As soon as I got di
t rectly over "White Horse" I gentl,
r slipped over the limb till I hung in th'
t air just above his back.
I said to myself, "now it's win o
I fail I" I slowly but surely dropped
d lower, until I touched the brute's back
t He gave a jump and the Indian a yell
i, I guided "White Horse" by a short piece
e of lariat for the river, and the other
)t horses, having awakened, seeing their
*. leader being ridden toward the river, fol
I In a few minutes we were in th
p water, with the Indians yelling and tr
y, ing to shoot me and catch their horses
i, Instead, they made a "swimming" stan
pede, for nearly all the horses wei
,s swimming. They lashed the water a
p the Indians dared not venture to say
i- Several times arrows came near m
te and one I did get in the arm, but m
's great harm was done. It just pained m
,r You could have heard those Indiar
p yelling for miles! It sounded worse tha
I some bands I have heard.
r. I swam the horses-that is, they fo
*r lowed "White Horse," and I guided hli
k, -across, and as they came out on ti
p. bank my comrades caught them. Cap
SM--- had brought them for that puC
i po. So all the horses were ouns,
not a man dead, with our marin, i,,,j(.t
accomplished-the Indians eftle''t'I1llvH
stopped from going south for 0,)|) tini;,
As soon as we could we used our bia.
kets and dried the horses off. It w s
Capt. M said: "I think thl,
Indians are all right, so let's mountt"
Several of us went double, as thlire
were not quite enough horses for all. |le
gave me Horse" and at il.irtV
shake of the hand. We did not g o t
Jacksonville, but went to Block l oulih*
No. 10, and reported our escapade. ('o,
J--- said the best thing tlht, could
be done was done.
We did not stay more than an, htir at
the Block House, but pushed on,. and w.
arrived in Jacksonville a day later,
Here the manuscript stops.
After the Professor read it hlie saw it
might do him some good. Yet, as hie -v
writing a historic novel, he thought lie
He found a report from a Capt. M--
to commanding officer at Jacksonville.
It was something like this:
"Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1, 1S:.-),-
Maj. J- : I offleially commend to
your notice Jac6b 8 aged 25,. for
daring and efficient service in raid on
Black Snake's horses, Nov. 15, 1835,.
"Capt. M- ."
Career of a Boy Brigand
Oedenburg, Hungary.-After thirty-
five years of imprisonment Paul Ross.
Ian, once the most famed of Hungarian
brigands, was released and his earningA,
i amounting to $8.00, were handed to him
r with. a railway ticket to carry him to
the farm of his brother, who offered him
an asylum. To your correspondent the
ex-robber chief said:
1 "I have been a bandit twice," he said,
"but I am now cured of the ambition to
succor the weak and help myself as a
road agent. I will go farming and lead
a respectable life. When I was first
caught I was less than 18 years old, and
the murders and robberies laid at my
door could not be punished with death.
1 got twenty years, and escaped with
two comrades sixteen years later. There
was nothing for me to do but to return
to my old life, but this time I steered
clear of murder, and, indeed, became the
protector of the women and children nmy
t band encountered. They called me their
e guardian angel, and I always prenelled
9 to my comrades that it was undignified
tor true robbers to hurt the weak."
As a matter of fact the brigand giive
away the larger part of his earnings to
the poor. Paul made an excellent pris-
oner, and of late years did clerical w rk
y He is 53 years old, white-haired and in
e broken health.
r Sold Imaginary Bonds
C. Budapest.-The police has uneartlhed
a lithographing and printing plant which
e issues bank notes of the Royal Bank of
r Albania, an empire that exists in the
I. mind of its would-be king only. Karol
r. is past centuries, ruled Walachia and
. .oumania. Karol I. tells member of
- the tribe, which gains a member tevry
e minute, according to Lincoln, that tli
o kingdom of Albania would be on it4
e teet in a week or ten day; that t, h
at powers had agreed to rec,,"'1"
e, lm as a full-fledged majesty, and tit'
o the treasury notes he has for sale .<'I
ie be redeemed at their face value in I'"
than no time.
is The record of the printing estahli .
n meant show that about ten million ",
Albania bank notes have been struck r.
- lGhika is said to have disposed of "i't
m tenth of that amount. The greater PI
te though, he got rid of "at ruinous 2
t. ures" but it was money. He stan'
r- good chance of going to Jail for n
4 years or longer ere mounting a throi.'.
rlin.-The Kaiser is not altogether pleased
the German edition of the Rough Riders by
ore Roosevelt, "Colonel First Volunteer Cay-
U. S. Army." The book was translated "by
rity," but the Kaiser thinks Mr. Roosevelt
t to have passed on the proofs and correct a few
ils that in his, the Kaiser's opinion, mar the
n volume. Above all he finds fault with the
"Die Rauhen Reiter." He thinks the "en"
Id be dropped and Rauhreiter substituted, or
title should be transcribed "Risen-Reiter (Iron
rs) a version of old ironsides.
The translator, opines William, knows nothing
all about the American army organization. A
dier, for instance, he calls "commander of a
ade." Such terms as "captain of horse," etc.,
not given correctly in German. Then there are
many "battles," according to William. The
ter portion of the fighting should have been
sified as "engagements.'
German Professorship for Roosevelt.-The Kaiser
aid be willing to ofter Roosevelt a professorship
the German War Academy, so impressed is lie
th Roosevelt's "military genius" and his knowl-
ie of military affairs. To a number of officers
said the other day: "After you read the Roose-
It book you won't be so fond of your saber as you
s now. He gave up his in short order and took
iun like an ordinary soldier. A real war man is
Baroness Suttner Disappointed.-Somebody sug-
ited that Baroness Suttner, the peace apostle, who
lied Roosevelt "the angel of peace," would be dis-
pointed in the "Rough Riders."
"You mean because he shot that Dago," cried
I am familiar with the mer.
a of Ridpath's History of the
'orld, and commend it to the
3holar as well as to the plain
sople generally.. W dNliw
William. "Well, even the Baroness should admit
that he did only his plain duty. Anyone reducing
the number of enemies serves his country. I am
glad Congress gave Roosevelt a medal for 'extraordi-
nary bravery in war' and made him a brigadier gen-
Auto Line to Teheran
Teheran, Persia.-At last this capital is con-
nected with the rest of the world by something
faster than "the ship of the desert," the camel. The
first automobile arrived from Eureli, on the Caspian
Sea, the other day, and a regular service between the
capital and that point has been established under
royal warrant." Russian merchants furnished the
capital for the route, but the Shah's brother-in-law
is manager. His Majesty granted him the conces-
sion free of taxes for twenty years. The autos will
carry mail, which is a most important fact for
American commerce. Heretofore mail was dis-
patched from Teheran once a week by a British cour-
Natural Resources Belong to State
Munich.-The Minister of the Interior announces
that no more monopolists need apply for concession
to use natural resources, treasures of the soil, of the
air or water. "The power of waterfalls, the riches
of undiscovered coal or kerosene fields, etc., belong
to all the people," he says, "and capitalists will be
no longer permitted to use them for their own profit.
If a tunnel is to be dug under a street or highroad
or river it traverses territory belonging to all the
people, and the profits of the business should go to
relieve taxation and erect institutes for the public
I esteem Ridpath's Histery
of the World of very res
value, and hope It will find a
place generally In the libraries
of our schools as well as upon
the shelves of readers In every
walk of life. Je10u 1smt
Plawsml Sir No*go s b h~u der i Thir WeeetPuhlell
id path's History of the World
9 Massive Royal Octavo Volumes, 4,000 double-column pages,
2,000 superb Illustrations. Brand new, latest edition down to
date, beautifully bound in half Morocco. WelUs 6 NPrie.
AT LESS THAN EVEN DAMAGED SETS WERE tVER SOLD
We will name our price only in dret lethrs tothose sending us the SC sM below. Tar el die 0Ops,
sb .m a ld almess pl MWA, lUe m. be ew bep sLee i It
Dr. Ridpath dead, his work in done, but his family derive an income from his History, and to pitl
'prte for.the sake of more quickly selling these few sets, would cause pret lAjury % fure i lese.
0I6l takes you back to the dawn of history, long before
the Pyramids of Egypt were built; down through the roman
tic troubled times of Chaldea's grandeur and Asyria's mag.
nidsences of Babylonla's wealth and luxury, of Greek and
Itoman splendor; of Mohammedan culture and refinement; of
French elegsnee and British power, to the rise of the Western
SHe throws the mantle of personality over the old heroes of
history. Alexander is there-patriot, warrior, statesman, dip.
lomat-erowning the glory of Grecian histo.
S ry. Xerxes from his mountain platform sees
Themistoeks. with three hundred and fifty
Greek ships, smash his Persian fleet of over a
thousand sail and help to mould the language
In Which this paragraph is written. Rome
perches Nero upon the greatest throne on
earth, and so sets up a poor madman's name
to stand for eontless centuries ass synonym
of savage cruelty. Napoleon fights Waterloo
again under your very eyes, and reels before
the Iron fact that at last the end of his glided
dream has come. Bismarek is thwe-pSr ,
overbearing, a giant pugllist n the diplomat.
Srlnr-laughlng with gri disdain ~ nce. which ays:
'You shall not." Wah on s there fouquare to all he
winds," grave. tohtful. roo aanst the wiles of British
strategy and the poisoned darts of false friends: clear-.eeing
over the heads ofhis fellow.countrymen. and on into another
century, the most colossal world-flurm of his time.
He covers er rIaes, iasa issryt M, and holds you
spellbound by his wonderful eloquene. Nothlng more Inter.
estin, abeorbing and Inspiring was ever written by man.
W should be in your home. It is a work that you will
value as long as you live and read over and over again.
800,000 MI AsomO m w P. I ft boin TWU
n9WU Kn11, T WT. M AM IL
W als Imew er ASeMld Mail Coupon Today-4.206
204 Dearborn Street, Chicago.
Please mall, without cost to me, Ridpath Sample Pages
and full particulars, a offered in the Jacksonville Run.
Nam e ............................................... .....................................
When you send In this blank, please notify, by postal,
The Sun, Jacksonville, fla.
Not Out for Graft
lerlin.-The German Advertiser In Munich pub-
lishes the following want ad.: "Veronika Hilling-
maler wants a lawyer who will engage himself not
to fool her, but, on the contrary, promises to bring
her trial to a speedy culmination. The lawyer
wanted must engage himself not to look on com-
placidly while his opponent robs me of my own; he
must be determined not to utilize the power I give
him to denude me of the little plumage which his
opponent cannot rob me of. In short, I want a law-
yer without the tendency to graft, a man of heart and
Veronika is only 40, and she comes from a long
-- -m .. ... nt
y ES, IT WRITES underneath the
platen, called "blind writer" and
"out-of-date"-but that doesn't
If you had a well of fine water and
couldn't get it out, you'd want a pump.
Now, if ten different kinds of pumps
were offered and you could try them
all, wouldn't you choose the one that
would bring up the most water with
the least effort, quickly? It's the water
you want; you wouldn't care whether
the pump had a crooked handle or a
You have writing to do, that's why
you need a typewriter. Of course, you
can still write with a pengr pencil,
and so can water be brought up by a
bucket and chain; but few do it that
way any more-time is too valuable.
A pump, then, is valuable for the
water it will bring up; a mill, for the
grain it will grind; and a typewriter,
for the writing it will produce. It
doesn't make any difference whether
the typewriter is visible, or whether
its writing is in sight or underneath
the platen; whether it's an old-timer
or a new-comer. What you want is
the typewriter that will turn out the
most good work in the shortest time
with the least effort, and keep on doing
it year in and year out-it's the results
Any salesman can say his is the
"best" typewriter; the copyright has
run out on "best." But the
will turn out more good, clean-cut work of all
kinds la a given time than Is possible on say
other typewriter built. More still, do It with
less effort, and continue to do it longer.
Other typewriters may be represented to be
the fastest, but they're not. If they were, tim
4%FayWhe wouldn't have won ffteen times
u of siztewn in public contests.
The things are allb history, sad history
records facts. The Fa won because
It Is the fastest and easiest machine to opwe
ate and can be depended upon.
All we ask of you is to give one of our sales-
men fifteen minutes of your time, If you amn t
or near any Important city to explain how a
Pay-Sholes Typewriter wti pay for itself IN
your oSce in from twelve to elshtna mostsm
and satisfy you and your te r with
mp po by. furnraisn a or a
Ts D melrae Teat on your work y
omoe: after which. If you're not to
convinced that the ay-8boles doe
that we claim it will do, our maa wl re
move the machine
If you are locat-
ed where we have
so sellan aes*-
ay, we can ar-
with as Just as
y 26, 1906
May 26, 19Lcs
The Czar's Spy
(Continued from Tenth Page)
forth to him. Then he shook hands with
Elma, and acknowledging my own greet-
ings, took off his coat and threw it upon
a chair with the air of an accustomed
"I come, Princess, in order to explain
to you," he said. "Mademoiselle fears
re-arrest, and the only house in Peters-
burg that the police never suspect is
this. Therefore I send her to you,
knowing that with your generosity you
will help her in her distress."
"it is all arranged," was her High-
ness's response. "bhe will remain here,
poor girl, until it is safe for her to get
out of Russia." Then, after some fur-
ther conversation, and* after my well-be-
loved had made signs of heartfelt grati-
tude to the man known from end to end
of the Russian empire as "The Red
Priest," the Princess turned to me, say-
"I would much like to know what oc-
curred before the Leithcourts left Boot.
"The Leitheourtsl" exclaimed Kampf
in utter surprise. "Do you know the
Leithcourta-and the English officer
I looked into his eyes in abject amaze-
ment. What connection could Jack
Durnford, of the Marines, have with
the adventurer Philip Leithcourt? I,
however, recollected back's word, when
I had described the visit of the Lola to
Leghorn, and further I recollected that
very shortly he would be back in Lon-
don from his term of Mediterranean ser-
"Well," I said, after a pause, "I hap-
pen to know Captai Durnford very well,
but I had no ideithat he was friendly
The Red Priest smiled, stroking his
explain n to her Highness what she de-
sires to know, and I will tell you."
My eyes met Jlma's, and I saw how
intensely eager and interested she was,
watching the movement of my lips and
trying to make out what words A ut.
"Well," I said, "a mysterious tragedy
occurred on the edge of a wood near the
house rented by Leithoourt-a tragedy
which has puzzled the police to this day.
An Italian named Santini and his wife
were found murdered."
"Hantnill" gasped Kampf, starting
up. "But surely he is not dead?"
"No. That's the curious part of the
affair. The man who was killed was a
nan disguised to represent the Italian,
while the woman was actually tume
waiter's wife herself. I happen to know
the man Santini well, for both he and
his wife were for some years in my em-
The Princess and the director of the
Russian revolutionary movement ex-
changed quick glances. It was as though
her Highness implored Kampf to reveal
to me the truth, while he, on his part,
was averse to doing so.
"And upon whom does suspicion rest ?"
asked her Highness.
"As far as I can make out, the police
have no clue whatever, except one. At
the spot was found a tiny miniature
cross of one of the Russian orders of
chivalry-the Cross of Saint Anne."
"There is no suspicion upon Leith-
court?" she asked with some undue
anxiety I thought.
"Did he entertain any guests at the
"A good many."
"No foreigners among them?"
"I never met any. They seemed all
people from London-a smart set for the
'"Then why did the Leithcourts disap-.
pear Ho suddenly ?"
"Heeause of the appearance of the man
('hater," I replied. "It is evident that
they feared him, for they took every pre-
caution against being followed. In fact,
they tied leaving a big party of friends
in'the houe. The man Woodroffe, now
ait the Hotel de Paris, is a friend of
Il'ithourt as well as of Chater."
"lhe was not a guest of Leitheourt
when this man representing Santini was
assassinated ?" asked Kampf, again
stroking his beard.
"No. As soon as Woodroffe recog-
nied me as a visitor he left-for Ham-
"' was afraid to face you because of
the ransacking of the British Consul's
safe at Leghorn," remarked the Princess,
who, at the same moment, took Elma's
hand tenderly in her own and looked at
her. Then, turning to me, she said:
"What you have told us tonight, Mr.
Gregg, throws a new light upon certain
incidents that had hitherto puzzled us.
the mystery of it all is a great and in-
scrutable one-the mystery of this poor
unfortunate girl, greatest of all. But
both of us will endeavor to help you to
elucidate it; we will help poor Elma to
crush her enemies-these cowardly vil-
lains who had maimed her."
"Ah, Princesal" I cried. "If you will
only help and protect her, you will be
doing an act of mercy to a defenseless
woman. I love her-1 admit it. I have
done my utmost: I have striven to solve
the dark mystery, but up to the present
L have been unsuccessful, and have only
remained, even till today, the victim of
"Let her stay with me," the kindly
woman answered, smiling tenderly upon
my love. "She will be safe here, and
in the meantime we will endeavor to dis-
cover the real and actual truth."
And in response I took the Princess's
hand and pressed it fervently. Although
that striking, white-headed man and the
rather stiff, formal woman in black
were the leaders of the great and all-
powerful movement in Russia known
through the civilized world as "The
'error," yet they were nevertheless our
friends. They had pledged themselves
to help us thwart our enemies.
I scribbled a few hasty words upon
paper and handed it to Elms. And for
answer she smiled contentedly, looking
into my eyes with an expression of trust,
devotion and love.
JUST OFF THE STRAND.
A week had gone by. The Nord Ex-
press had brought me posthaste across
Europe from Petersburg to Calais, and
I was again in London. I had left Elma
in the care of the Princess Zurloff, whom
I knew could conceal her from the horde
of police agents now in search of her.
The mystery had so increased until
now it had become absolutely bewilder-
ing. The more I tried to probe it,
the more inexplicable had I found it.
My brain was awhirl as I sat in the
wagon-lit rushing across those wide,
never-ending plains that lie between the
Russian capital and Berlin and the
green valleys between the Rhine-lands
and the sea. The maze of mystery ren.
dered me utterly incapable of grasping
one solid tangible fact, so closely inter.
woven was each incident of the strange
life-drama in which, through mere
chance, I was now playing a leading
part. I was aware of one fact only,
that I loved Elma with all my soul, even
though I knew not whom she really was
-or her strange life story. Her sweet
fate, with those soft, brown eyes, so ten-
der and intense, stood out ever before
me, sleeping or waking. Each moment
as the express rushed south increased
the distance between us, yet was I not
on my way back to England with a clear
and distinct purpose? I snatched at any
clue, however small, with desperate
eagerness, as a drowning man clutches
at a straw.
The spy from Abo had seen me on the
railway platform on my departure from
Petersburg. He had overheard me buy
a ticket for London, and previous to
stepping into the train I had smiled at
him in glad triumph. My journey was
too long a one for him to follow, and 1
knew that I had at last outwitted him.
Hle had expected to see Elma with me,
no doubt, and his disappointment was
plainly marked. But of Woodroffe I had
neither seen nor heard anything.
It was a cold but dry November night
in London, and I sat dining with Jack
Durnford at a small table in the big,
well-lit room of the Junior United
Service Club. Easy-going and merry as
of old, my friend Was bubbling over w'n
good spirits, delighted to be back again
in town after three years' sailing up
and down the Mediterranean, from (Gib.
to Smyrna. Maneuvering always, yet
with never a chance of a fight. lig well.
(Continued on next Page)
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FRED. E. RANKIN
Phone s8. MACK8ONVILLE, PLA. Box 57
May 26, 1906
The Czar's Spy
(Continued from preceding page.)
shaven face bore the mark of the south-
ern suns, and the backs of his hands
were tanned by the heat and the sea. He
was, indeed, as smart an officer as any
at the Junior, for the Marines are pro-
verbial for their neatness, and his men
on board the Bulwark had received many
a pleasing compliment from the Ad.
"Glad to be back" he exclaimed, as
he helped himself to a "peg." "I should
rather think so, old chap. You know
how awfully wearying the life becomes
out there. Lots going on down at Pal.
ermo, Malta, Monte Carlo, or over at
Algiers, and yet we can never get a
chance of it. We're always in sight of
the gay places, and never land. I don't
blame the youngsters for getting off from
Leghorn for two days over here in town
when they can. Three years is a big-
ger slice out of a fellow's life than any-
one would suppose. But, by the way, I
saw Hutcheson the other day. We put
into Spezia, and he came out to see the
Admiral-got dispatches for him, I
think, lie seems as gay as ever. lie
lunched at mess, and said how sorry he
was you'd deserted Leghorn."
"I haven't exactly deserted it," I said.
"But I really don't love it like he does."
"No. A year or two of the Mediter-
ranean blue is quite sufficient to last any
fellow his lifetime. I shouldn't live in
Leghorn if I had my choice. I'd prefer
somewhere up in the mountains, beyond
Pisa, or outside Florence, where you can
have a good time in winter."
Then a silence fell between us, and I
sat eating on until the end of the meal,
wondering how to broach the question I
so desired to put to him.
"I shall try if I can get on recruiting
service at home for a bit," he said pres-
ently. "There's an appointment up in
Glasgow vacant, and I shall try for it.
It'll be better, at any rate, than China
or the Pacific."'
I was just about to turn the converse*
tion to the visit of the mysterious Lola
to Leghorn, when two men he knew en-
tered the dining room, and, recognizing
him, came across to give him a welcome
home. One of the newcomers was Major
Bartlett, whom I at once recollected as
having been a guest of Leithcourt's up at
Rannoch, and the other a younger man
whom Durnford introduced to me as Cap-
"Oh, Majorl" I cried, rising and grasp-
ing his hand. "I haven't seen you since
Scotland, and the extraordinary ending
to your house-party."
"No," he laughed. "It was an amaz-
ing affair, wasn't it? After the Leith-
courts left it was like pandemonium let
loose; the guests collared everything they
could lay their hands upon I It's a won-
der to me the disgraceful affair didn't
get into the papers.'
"But where's Leithcourt now?" I asked
"Haven't the ghost of an idea," re-
plied the Major, standing astride with
himS hands in his pockets. "Young Paget
of ours told me the other day that he
saw Muriel driving in the Terminus
Road at Eastbourne, but she didn't no-
tice him. They were a queerish lot,
those Leithcourts," he added.
"Hulloal What are you saying about
the Leithoourts, Charley?" exclaimed
I)Durnford, turning quickly from Han-
bury. "I know some people of that
name-Philip Leithcourt, who has a
(laughter named Muriel."
"Well, they sound much the same. But
if you know them, my dear old chap, I
really don't envy you your friends," de-
elared the Major with a laugh.
"Well, Gregg will tell you," he said.
"He knows, perhaps, more than I do.
But." he added, "they may not, of course,
be the same people."
"I first met them aching over at Al-
giers," Jack said. "And then again at
Malta, where they seemed to have Quite
a lot of friends. They had a steam-
yacht, the Iris, and were often up and
down the Mediterranean."
"Must be the same people," declared
the Major. "Leithcourt spoke once or
twice of his yacht, but we all put it
down as a non-existent vesel, because
he was always drawing the long bow
about his adventures."
"And how did you first eomni to know
hin ?" I asked of the Major eagerly.
"Oh, I don't know. Somelxxly brought
him to meo.And we struck up an ac-
quaintance the table, lie seemed
a good o when he asked me to
shoot I On arrival up at Rat.h
noch, ho *ne thing struck me as
jolly strat Mtd that was that among
the people -as asked to meet was one
of the very worst blacklegs about town.
He called himself Martin Woodroffe up
there-although I'd known him at the
old Corinthian Club as Dick Archer. He
was believed then to be one of a clever
gang of international thieves."
(CONTINUED NEXT WEEK)
A Worthy Recognition
Jacksonville, Fla., April 30, 1906.
Mr. Claude L'Engle, Editor Sun, City:
Allow me through your columns to
commend the action of the United Con-
federate Veterans, at their recent meet.
ing in New Orleans, in passing a resolu-
tion favoring the pensioning of those
slaves who followed their masters in the
war between the States. Nothing could
be more appropriate.
Dear faithful old Uncle Steve, who fol.
lowed my brothers in the dark days of
'61 and '65 can never know of the trib-
ute to loyalty conferred upon him by
that great convention of patriots, as he
has already "crossed over the river and
is resting under the shade of the trees"
in the enjoyment of a perpetual pension
in God's eternal camping ground.
Echo of Royal Murder.
Belgrade.-The Novi Pokret daily
newspaper has appeared under the edi-
torship of Major Okonovio, one of the
band of murderous army officers who
slaughtered Queen Drag and King
Alexander "like pigs." The newspaper
announces that it means to justify the
conspiracy of 1903 and the removal of
the "royal usurpers."
Dear Dad-I arrived in Jacksonville
nearly blind, and was taken to the opti-
clan's, where I was treated by a neurolo-
gist, who proscribed diet, and put me on
a fig for breakfast, no lunch, and a pecan
nut for dinner, and after siz days' treat-
ment I could see a loaf of Puuhi r'se
MnM five miles. Yours,
P. S.-It's bread
like mother used to
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