THlE PROCL 4M TION
IN THIS fNMME
Volume I-No. 27
JAGKSONVIlIA .. !ORIDAt MAY 19.
grw90brt 6 %Lla %1151 Wa I~ia R Imu
W5r NOTr GMNs NIXTU TIT.j U, ,4 p METO OR aE mTTma rie mJEy?
Aln6h% irannw -It Iran* a
fi IF IT'S RIGHT, WE ARE FOR IT- -
TA. K. TAYLOR
E SUN cartoonist
a im U wm ITY wi A wILL nn W mK m T m Pew nU, T W i M oMANT, AT St WW iium STiT, MKSU=NVL, OMAI
Vlmie I-No. 27 k JACKONVILLE, FLORIDA, MAY 19, 1906 5 Cents per Copy, $2 per Year
Entered at the Pout Offoe at J&oville, FM., Mu o nd-dm matter
WHEREAS, Darkness has ever been the foe to progress, and ignorance is the begot-
ten child of darkness, and
WHEREAS, It is necessary that darkness be dispelled from the human mind when-
ever and wherever its gloom has manifected itself, and
WHESEAS, It is the glorious mission of THE QUN, newspaper, to penetrate with its
bright rays the dark curtain that hangs before TRUTH UNREVEALED and to warm the
hearts of men with its beams of hope for better things, and
WHEREAS, THE SUN has, with this number, commenced the second half of its
first annual journey along the path of light that leads to the bright goal of right understand-
WHEREAS, The gentle dew of public approval has descended on this journal by
which grateful draughts the spirit of THE SUN has been refreshed and made strong, and
WHEREAS, It seems both meet and fitting that some token of gratitude be forth-
coming, in order that the people may know how much THE SUN owes to their manifesta-
tions of approval, and
WHEREAS, The best token that can be offered is a promise by THE SUN to continue
on the course of truth which it has so steadfastly followed from the first, and a reaffirma-
tion of its determination to exclude from its columns, DULLNESS, DIRT and DEGEN-
BE IT RESOLVED, That there shall be no hiatus in SUN progress, no dimming of
SUN light, no cooling of SUN warmth, and no curtailing of SUN freedom and independence.
And to this end
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, That a stricter watch be kept, and a greater effort
be put forth in the making of future SUNS, io that the great principle of JOURNALISTIC
INDEPENDENCE laid down, exploited and maintained by THE SUN shall not be weak-
ened by lack of exercise.
Now, be it known, that because of these resolves *
WE, THE SUN, by virtue of the authority vested in us by an appreciative public,
do declare the week beginning Monday next, and ending Saturday next, shall be a week of
rejoicing and thanksgiving, in which the people may lay aside all care and refresh them-
selves by a glance into the future made rosy by
THE SUN'S PROSPECTUS
which we do now put forth, publish and declare for the enlightenment of all people who may desire to
know what THE SUN will contain during the next six months.
Sta.en rft Under this clasification THE SUN will handle matters pertaining to the State
Siatecrqvf Government. A review of what has been done and what is being done at Tallahas-
see will be given. Now that the next Legislature has been selected in the primary, questions that will oc-
cupy legislative attention will be discumed in THE SUN. These questions will include Immigation, State
Insurance, Taxation, Drainage, Education, Good Roads Uniform School Books, Railroad Commission,
Judiciary and other matters that seem to be in the public mind. Discussion of these questions will be
open to all who have information and the desire to impart it. The discussion will be strictly impartial
and the editorial comments made by THE SUN will be positive but fair, free but carefully weighed, and
with rigid observance of the principle of right.
Fiction and Poetry There willbe plenty of high class fiction in THE SUN in serials and short
stories by writers of reputation, and the sweetest singers in Florida will
contribute their poetical effusions.
Wit and Humor It has been said by a great philosopher that "The most utterly lost of all
days is that in which you have not once laughed."
So, THE SUN will pay attention to this need of the human race by including humorous sketches from
noted artists in this line. Series like "John Henry," Pat Murphy's Letters, etc. will continue to be
featured by THIlE SUN.
f PcaP,, PbyesentatNons To cover all necessary points about THE SUN'S cartoon service, so
Pictorl ,wn,,, that this feature will at once commend itself to every person in Flori-
da a THE BEST, the announcement that Mr. A. K. Taylor is part of THE SUN and will continue to
draw for it, is suiAcient.
General In this classification will be included special stories on subjects of interest to Floridians.
For example-we, are now conducting a Symposium on the State Militia, which will be
participated in by military men, in order to arrive at a conclusion as to what is necessary to put the State
troops on the best footing. The development of the resources of the State, the progress of cities and coun-
ties, the early history of the State, and interesting stories of personal experiences of Florida people will be
presented in this classification.
A.. This is a word of comparatively new usage. It is used by physicians to denote cleanli-.
A JS nes s THE SUN uses it as a surety that nothing savoring of the op teof cleanliness
I will be found in its columns. Thoroughly sanitary and comprehensilvely asepdc, THE SUN will be free
from malignant germs and can be handled without fear of infection.
Censri ~We have obtained the services of a thoroughly trained and merciless censor who has
E. SreeiveHi r eoi orders to exclude dullne, and inaccuracy from the columns of
TIlE SUN. HE HAS NO 0THER OR~ER8.
Sub.cr t. ion_ Will be received by us from any person whomsoever at the rate of $2 for 12
SS cpmonths, and les money for shorter periods. In this department a in all others
we will play no favorites, provided ALW'AYS that the money comes with the order.
May 19. 1906
THE AVENGING BROTHER y.s:,.so
This Story Received Honorable Mention in THE SUN'S Prize Story Contest for Florida Writers
ae war was over-the four years' carnage had
ceased, and the survivors of the Civil War had re-
turned to their homes. The bird of peace flapped
his wings over a land where a short time before was
heard the booming of cannons and the clash of
swords. Happiness began once more to reign in the
homes of those Florida ex-soldiers. Happiness, did
we say? Alas I this happiness was not without ex-
ceptions. There was the widowed heart, the sonless
mother, the brotherless sister, whose loved ones were
in distant graves. In their silent grief and with
Christian fortitude they strove to outlive their grief
and to forget and forgive the ruthless foe who had
visited this affliction upon them. Of this latter
class there was, at least, one exception. Mary Hud-
son did not forget-did not forgive. She did not
try to; she did not wish to. Her chief gratification
existed in the hatred of those who had robbed her
of her two darling brothers.
Mr. Hudson and his family, consisting of wife,
two sons and one daughter, were living in Manatee
County, Fla., near the town now called Ellenton,
when the great civil strife between the North and
South culminated in bloodshed. With true heart-
felt patriotism, John Hudson and his brother Henry,
one year younger, enlisted in behalf of the South.
Their last fighting was done at Fort Gaines, on Mo-
bile bay, at the entrance of the Gulf of Mexico. It
was here that Admiral Farragut run the gauntlet,
Fort Gaines and Fort Morgan pouring upon him
missiles of death from their giant guns, which at
that time was the heaviest bombardment on record.
General Granger, making a land attack at the same
time, Fort Gaines, under Colonel Anderson, sur-
rendered, and the prisoners, including the two broth-
ers, were carried to New Orleans, where they were
kept for two and a half months, and then sent to
Ship Island. This island belongs to the State of
Mississippi, and is on the Gulf of Mexico. Here the
prisoners were guarded by negro soldiers under for.
eign officers. Here they were scantily fed on the
poorest of diet. Ship Island is about fifteen a)iles
long, and six of the fifteen is barren sand, termi-
nating in a point. On this point the prisoners had
small tents in which they slept, and were compelled
every day to walk six miles up this sandy point and
bring back on their shoulders a load of wood-not
for their own use, but for the use of the officers. This
was very galling to the prisoners, especially to these
"Henry," said John one day after they had re-
turned, "is there no way, no hope of escape?"
"I see none," answered Henry. "Biloxi is the
nearest point of mainland, and it is twelve miles
"True; but if we could secure a boat, Henry?"
"Oh, as to that," replied the younger brother,
"I would be willing to risk the voyage on a raft;
we are just simply starving; the small quantity of
food that they give us is of a nature that will ulti-
mately cause death. In our regiment, alone, there
is an average of about seven deaths a day."
"Yes," replied John, "being deprived of vegetable
diet brings on that terrible disease, scurvy, vqich,
as soon as it affects the bowels, the poor prisoner
escapes to another world."
"Our only chance of escape, John, is to secure a
boat, and these dusky sons of Ham are so on the
alert that escape in that way seems impossible."
"Including our command," replied John, "there
are about eighteen hundred prisoners here. We
could easily overcome the negroes, with their brutal
"No question about that, John. But what good
would it be to us? The enemy's fleet lying there so
distressingly near, would soon shell us to death.
Those insulting officers and their black soldiers would
not be in our way long if it were not for that fleet."
A few days after the above conversation Henry
sought his brother, and taking him apart from his
"John, I have some good news to tell you."
"What is it?" inquired John. "Have you found
a gold mine?"
"I have found something of more value to us
than that," was the answer.
"Well, what is it, Henry? Don't keep me in sus-.
"Today, when we went after wood," answered
Henry, "you may have noticed that I strayed some
distance from the others in hunting for my load of
wood. I was some distance from my guard, when I
noticed a small bayou and at its termination I saw
a small rowboat and two oars. I suppose it drifted
there from some larger boat."
"It looks, though," said John, "as if it would
have gone back with the tide."
"It doubtless would, ,ut I think it was jammed."
"Well, Henry, how can we utilize this boat?"
"We must pass the guards somehow, get posses.-
sion of it, and pull for Biloxi."
"What we do, Henry, must be done at onee, as
some one may discover the boat."
"I pro e, John, that we make the attempt to-
Borro .t *
Poor boy I so eager to escape and little dream-
ing what the morrow would bring forth.
In order for our readers to understand the trag-
edy that follows, it becomes necessary for us to de-
scribe the prison and its rules. The commissary and
the tents of the officers were at he point of the
island; the prisoners' tents were about two hundred
yards further up on the island; inclosing those tents
.were flour barrels representing the dead-line. Here
you could come, but no further. A few steps beyond
this dead-line was a cooking stove, where was cooked
tue prisoners' two meals each day-that is, if meals
they could be called. No fire was allowed within
the dead-line. Now, Henry had, by some means,
come in possession of a sweet potato, and had ob-
tained permission from the lieutenant of the guard
to go to the stove and cook it. He accordingly went
to the stove and accomplished his purpose, and pass-
ing the guard without any thought of danger, when,
without any warning, the negro guard raised his
musket and fired, the contents entering Henry'.
body. It was the sad privilege of the writer to see
the poor fellow weltering in his blood. There lay
the victim in the agonies of death, the potato
clinched in his hand. His brother soon arrived on
the scene, and lifting Henry's head spoke to him in
the most endearing tones. But Henry was too far
gone to recognize the tender voice of his brother.
"What is the trouble here?" exclaimed the rough
voice of Colonel Van Alston, as nhe appeared on the
"It means," cried John, springing to his feet,
"that that black cowardly scoundrel has killed my
brother without any cause-without any provocation.
I demand tht ne be arrested and shot for the das-
"You demand I You poor, sneaking, cowardly
rebel! What do your demands amount to? There is
one foe less to fight against the flag of the Union.
Remove the carrion."
On hearing this cruel language, John, with
maniacal fury, rushed upon the colonel, who coolly
plunged his sword through the body of the vin-
dicitive brother, who fell backward to the ground.
"Allow me to state, Colonel Alston," said the lieu-
tenant of tne guard, coming forward, "that this kill-
ing is unjust. I had given the youth permission to
go to a.,e stove and cook his potato. The guard had
no right to shoot him. If he considered it his duty,
why did he not shoot him when he first crossed the
dead-line? Why did he wait until his return? With
all deference to you, as my superior officer, I must
say that your victim demanded nothing more than
"Probably you demand it," answered the colonel
with a sneer.
"I am not commander, but if I were the guard
should be court-martialed. I have never heard of a
more cold-blooded murder."
"Your advice is not needed, Lieutenant Adkins,
but as you are so tender-hearted see that this hot-
headed fool is carried to the hospital; see that he
has proper medical attention. If he should die, bury
the two in one grave."
In justice we must here state that the negro was
relieved from guard, and we never saw him any more.
Whether he was arrested or court-martialed we can-
not say. Very little hope was entertained of John
Hudson's recovery. For many days he lay with a
raging fever, between life and death. Then the doc-
tor told the colonel that he would get well in body
but not in mind.
"Will he never regain his mental powers?" asked
"I think not. His iron constitution withstood
the raging fever, but I think his mind is gone for-
"Well," returned Colonel Van, "I don't think he
had much to lose."
But notwithstanding the boast of medical science,
John Hudson had outwitted that science; he was not
demented. His mind was never better. This mind
had devised the plan of feigning dementation. He
had two objects in view-one was to escape, and the
other was to take the life of Colonel Van Alston.
Mary Hudson received a letter from Ship Island,
written the same day after the murder of Henry
Hudson. It was written by a prisoner who was ac-.
quainted with the family. He told them of the
tragic death of Henry, and of the mortal wound
which John had received. He did not mention the
colonel's name, but spoke of him as the commanding
officer. The letter concluded with these words: "It
is impossinaie for your brother John to live; he will
doubtless die tonight. I cannot promise to write to
you again, for death Is in my system, A ne disease
scurvy has affected my bowels-and that means
death-my time is short." And he was correct. He
was buried in the same grave with Henry, and the
Hudson family mourned the death of their loved
John Hudson's recovery was slow, and during the
time of his sikness Ieutenant Adklns was an at.
ttive wateher at hit bedside,
When John was able to walk around the camp
he was not restricted; he could cross the lines and
reorosa without notice from the guards. One day he
was passing near the colonel s tent when that august
person called out to him:
"Say, John, come in and rest. You know me,
don't you, John?"
John idiotically gaed at him and replied:
"You are the g man that killed the negro that
killed Henry. I told Mary about it, and she loves
"Come in, John, and let us talk about Mary.
When did you see the dear girl ?"
"I saw her last night," answered John, as he en-
tered the tent and without ceremony threw himself
on the colonel's bed. She is coming to see you to-
morrow and than kyou. Oh, my a ster is a lovely
"Yes; she is a good and pretty girl, John. By
the way, John, have you got her picture with you T
"Sure have," said JoJhn, as he took her pho-
tograph from his pocket and handed it to the colonel.
"She is certainly beautiful," said the.colonel with
unfeigned admiration. "I'll kill every negro on the
island if she says so."
"No, no," said John. "She don't want you to
do that. She wants you to kill that lieutenant who
tried to poison me, but I would not take the stuff.
"He is a bad man, John. He made that negro
shoot your brother."
"Hal hal" laughed John, "cunning chap, he is."
"What did he want the negro to kill your brother
for, John, do you think ?"
"To get Henry's potato. But he didn't got it.
After some more talk of this kind, John left the
colonel's tent, promising to bring Mary tomorrow.
But on the morrow John's tramp *was in another di-
rection. During the time of his convalescence his
mind was continually on that hidden boat that
Henry had found. Being now allowed" to pass the
guard with impunity-to ramble at will-he began
the search for the boat. After some searching he
found it, and to his joy found, that though small, it
was in good condition. "Poor boy," thought John;
"his hopes were so centered on this boat."
The next day he succeeded in securing some pro-
vision and storing it safely in the boat. He was
then ready for his perilous voyage. As the shad-
ows of the night closed in upon him, he pulled his
little craft in the direction of Biloxi. Here we must
now leave him and return to that home in Florida,
on the banks of the Manatee, where its inmates
were mourning their lou.
The war was over, and as we have stated, the
heart of Mary was filled with hatred towards her
former foes. But about six months after the close
of the war this feeling, on the part of Mary, under-
went a change, when an ex-Federal officer formed her
acquaintance. His name was Van Alston. He told
the family how he had secretly slain the negro who
had killed Henry, and since the close of the war hnad
sought for, and found the brutal officer who had
taken the life of John. He had challenged the
scoundrel, and in a duel with swords he had slain
him. He was truthful enough to tell them that John
did not die from the wound; that he had nursed him
through it, that he was in a fair way of recovery
when he died of poison, administered, he he firmly
believed, by the hand of Adiins. Before he died he
had told him of his folks, and had given him the
photograph of his sister Mary, and had requested
him at the close of the war to visit his home and tell
his parents and sister his sad story. "This," he con-
tinued, "was when he thought he would die from his
wound-before Adkins poisoned him."
Of course Van Alston was almost worshiped by
the family, and when he offered his heart and hand
to Mary, was accepted.
The time appointed for the marriage had arrived,
and the ceremony had commenced when a stentorian
voice utter the word-
All eyes were turned on the newcomer.
"By what right, sir," asked the preacher, "do you
interfere with this ceremony ?"
The would-be groom was terribly agitated-a pal-
lor overspread his face. But Mary, with one wild
scream of joy, sprang from the side of the trembling
man, and threw herself into her brother's arms.
"By what right, do you ask ? Mary, dear sister,
this scoundrel-this semblance of man-is the one
who took the part of the brutal negro who killed our
dear Henry. He is the brute in human form who
said 'remove the carrier ;' he is the lying scoundrel
whoasued his sword through my defenseless body."
"Oh, my dear brother, listen and I will tell how
he won all our hearts." And then she made known
to him all tbhe deeptionsM by which Van A-tes had
ingratiated himself to the bsom of the family.
"T i g wretel e ai- lamed John. das
was the best re I iad om that emsed place. He
(Oonalluad oM NM la
May 19, 1906
ShaKing the Old P
By EDWARD FITZGERALD
The Recent Political Earthquake Toppled a Few Jacksonville Idols
Seismic disturbances, beginning with the erup-
tion of Mont Pelee, have for many months held the
scene of the world's stage, therefore, in passing, THE
SUN'S political space-filler will give a little atten-
tion to the earthquake which spread over the political
map of Florida last Tuesday.
Earthquakes, from time immemorial, have been
known to be particularly ruinous to idols. Many
were the wrecks and ruins which followed in the
trail of the "quakes" that shook the historic soil of
Italy and Greece in the days of Itome and Athens,
and great was the destruction to the idols and the
Images set up by those pagans in honor of some god
or demi-god, or creature who caught the popular
So it has been with Florida .during the political
earthquake pulled off on primary day. Some few
have remained, but many have fallen, and among
thesw pleasing wrecks I notice a fair sprinkling of
the local article of political idol, and am thankful
to note that this breaking of imnws has bwen quite
general throughout all IFlorida. Artist Taylor pie-
tures on this page the scene of ruin portrayed to
the dwellers within the gates of Florida a chief city.
And I commend this sketch as fitting the situation
in i good many other towns in Florida by the siam*
ple substitution of a name here and there.
Last week THE SUN printed'on its front pagei
Sdummty ballot, which was recommended to all their
voters of this State.
For the benefit of the few who may not have ween
this ballot I set down here the idea it conveyed. The
ballot recommended that the voters mark their Iml-
lots for "A Free Man," "llis Own Man." "A Straight
Man." and forget to mark "The Crooked Man." "An-
other Man's Man," "The Grafters," "Bribe-takers"
and others of this ungodly crew. It is pleasing for
inme to record that for the most part this dummy bal-
lot served the purpose for which it was put forth.
and acted as a guide to the voters at the polls last
In so uncertain a thing aj a primary contest it
was manifestly impossible for any man or set of men
to correctly foretell the result.
THlE S1IN made no predictions.
It contented itself with pointing out, as far as it
was able, the candidates whom it deemed the most
worthy. Some of those whom THE SUN opposed
were elected. This was inevitable, because we of
THE SUN have never, in our most enthusiastic
moments, considered ourselves as possessed of suffi-
cient judgment to decide for any one but ourselves.
But THE SUN is well contented with the result, for
the people have declared it.
At this writing it is impossible to print a list of
all the successful ones. This is due to the delay in
rturaing made by the inspectors of election of the
various precincts, and the MEAGER INFORMA-
TION furnished by the two daily publications in this
There seems to have been no well-directed effort
to get the news put forth by either of the two Jack-
sonville dailies, one of which, at least, poses as a
paper of general State circulation. No complete list,
or any list approaching completeness-rather, we
should say, no list at all-has been printed up to
noon of the second day after the primary of the
result in the different counties of the State.
. Short, meager, scattering reports from a few
counties are printed, but it is impossible to learn
the result of the primary by any system of calcula-
tion known to this writer, using these reports as a
In reviewing the situation at this writing (Thurs-
day) I am obliged to use the word "indication" in
dealing with the situation.
The indications are that W. B. Lamar is nomi-
nated to repreant the Third District in Congress;
the indications are that *Justices James B. Whitfleld
and Charles B. Parkhill are nominated to succeed
themnIlves on the Supreme bench for a six-year term;
the indications are that R. Hudson Burr and New-
ton A. Blitch are nominated Railroad Commission-
For the State Senate, the returns show that H.
II. iluckman will represent the Eighteenth Senatorial
district; II. 1. McCreary will represent the Thirty-
second; W. Hunt Harris will represent the Twenty-
fourth; Frank Adams will represent the Thirtieth;
(has. I,. leggett will represent the Tenth; John H.
Henderson will represent the Eighth; F. W. Sanis
will represent the Twenty-eighth; F. 1. Cone will
represent the Fourteenth; E. M. Crill will represent
the Twenty-sixth; eo. I'. West will represent the
In the lower house the returns show that Ion L.
Farris will represent Duval County, with Melton,
Uillen and Sebring to run in the second primary.
E. 8. Mathews will go from Bradford County,
with J. C. Wills and II. C. Peoples running in the
Lee Register and John Bradshaw will go from
II. C. West and Ed Williams will go from Jackson
Rowe will go from Madison County, and Dickin-
mon and Millinor will make the race in the second
John W. Watson will go from Dade County.
Wells will go from Leon County, with Hartafield
and Vason running in the second primary.
Claude Olmstead will go from St. Lucie County.
Parkenson will go from Volusia County, and a
second primary will be held to determine the other
Riley Dorman will go from Suwannee County, and
W. H. McLellan and J. J. Platt will run in the sec-
H. L. Avant will go from Columbia County, with
M. S. Knight and R. A. Mole running in the second
John A. Graham will go from Manatee County.
McKenzie will go from Putnam County, while
Russell and Chesser will be in the second primary.
Abernathy and Crawford will go from Orange
Dupont will go from St. Johns County, and
MacWilliams and Thompson will be in the second
Indications are that Alachua County will be rep-
resented in the lower house by Sheats and Carter,
although it will take a second primary to determine
Indications are that Ryals and Durrance will rep-
resent Polk County.
As I have said, indications point to the nomina-
tion of R. Hudson Burr for Railroad Commissioner.
Mr. Burr has again demonstrated his strength before
the people as a candidate for this important place,
and this demonstration again comes as a surprise.
Burr was not regarded as a prime favorite before the
primary was held, and Appleyard's large acquaint-
ance and extended popularity made him the candi-
date whose chances were considered to be the best.
hut it is evident from the returns, as indicated, that
Mr. Burr still holds the confidence of the people.
The run made by Blitch was also a surprise, be-
cause, although Mr. Blitch is well and favorably
known in a small section of the State, it was not
considered that his acquaintanceship extended as far
as the vote he piled up has demonstrated.
The vote polled by Jefferson D. Stephens was
larger than even his most sanguine friends had hoped
for. In his home county he received a most flatter-
ing endorsement, and it seems that a considerable
percentage of the opposition to Lamar in Madison
and Leon Counties centered on Stephens, even though
his chances were considered exceedingly small.
Thomas L. Clarke, who made the race for Supreme
Court Justice, should be highly flattered by the vote
which he received. On account of the short terms
enjoyed by Messrs. Whitfleld and Parkhill, Mr. Clarke
was seriously handicapped in spite of his measuring
up to his opponents in ability to properly discharge
the duties of this high office.
From the meager reports thus far at hand I can-
not see that the State has lined up either for or
against the drainage proposition, nor the Buckman
IT IS INDICATED that the voters made their
choice of candidates on these lines. I do not believe
that the lines were drawn for or against the ad-
ministration. The people voted for candidates who
appealed to them with other reasons and, as in the
case of McCreary of Alachua, the personal acquaint-
ance of the candidates with the electors was a large
factor in determining the winners in the race in all
the counties in the State.
.dm m .99
Home Coming Reunion Week
A Carnival Endorsed by Business Men
to be Held In Jacksonville Next Fall
It is a fact written in the books on natural his-
tory, vouched for by students, and generally accepted
by others, that all living creatures have the homing
It is developed more strongly in the homing
pigeon than in any other species belonging to the
lower orders of creation, but all have it in lesser
degree, and given the opportunity, every kind of
beast or bird will some aay make its way to the
place of its rearing.
Man has the homing instinct, and no matter how
far he may stray from the village, town, city or
country of his birth, he has in his heart the longing
to see it again, though years have measured the in-
terval between his present and past abiding place.
He is constantly promising himself a visit to his
old home, and when the chance comes eagerly will he
welcome and embrace it.
Present and former citizens of Jacksonville who
lived in the good old town in the days when Pete
Jones was Mayor, and the hand engine, rejoicing in
the grandiloquent name, W. Stoykes Boyd, with sin-
ewy, black but willing arms to work the pump
"brakes," was the city's main dependence for protec-
tion against the "fire fiend;" also remember the
pump that stood in front of the present site of
Ahrend's saloon on West Bay, near Hogan.
This pump differed not from lots of other pumps
in architecture, nor did its artistic charm impress
itself on the casual observer. It was an ordinary,
wide-mouth pitcher pump, and the handle clanked
and the plunger moaned when called on for duty.
Its environments, too, were of the familiar kind-the
horse-bitten wooden trough in front of it, the sloppy
ground surrounding it, the green slime, the iron rust,
the broken castings, all were there, but-
Oh! the delicious, cool clear water that flowed
from its rusty iron mouth, drawn from depths un-
touched by the torrid rays of the mid-summer sun.
This pure, sparkling, life-giving water was free to
thirsty man and panting beast; free to the early
morning worker hurrying to his daily toil; free to
the belated midnight reveler with a throat-parched
"hang over;" free to the small boy on his way to
school; free, free, free to all who were athirst and
would drink of the waters that quench, revive and
While the pump stood, there was a saying, which,
from much repeating, got to be a prophecy, that
whomsoever drank once of the waters that flowed
therefrom and went away, would RETURN SOME
DAY TO DRINK AGAIN.
It was accepted as as a truism that wherever
Jacksonville's children strayed on the earth's sur-
face, they would come back to abide anew, PRO-
VIDED they had tasted of the waters of the city's
public drinking place.
Years have passed since the "days of the pump"
have been numbered among days that are past, hbut
the legend connected with it is today a virile living
Every one who has lived in Jacksonville is long-
ing to return; and now there is to be offered an
opportunity to realize this hope.
The merchants of Jacksonville will give next fall
A HOME-COMING WEEK.
Since that far day, which even yet furnishes a
theme for sermons, essays, plays and dissertations of
every sort-the day the Prodigal said "I will arise
and go to my father,,-the words "home coming"
have held a magic not possessed by any others in
the language. What visions of breacnes healed, of
long-forgotten friendships renewed, of severed ties
rebound and strengthened, and, of course, of fatted
calves prepared for feasting, are conjured up by their
Jacksonville is to have a "Home-Coming Week,"
in which all her sons and daughters, to whatever near
or distant land they may have wandered, shall be in-
vited to come back home, and with their friends and
their relatives make merry and rejoice "for sake of
Auld Iang Syne."
To make the acceptance of the invitation more
sure, railroad and steamship lines have agreed to
extend courtesies in the form of excursion rates; to
entertain, not only her home-coming sons and daugh-
ters, but the strangers within her gates-and the
entertainment proposed will attract thousands of
them-the city will offer, each day of the week a
different feature, each feature a real attraction,
An industrial parade, with floats to represent
historic events in the life of the city.
State military parades.
Floral parades of carriages and automobiles.
A splendid display of fireworks on floats along
High-class amusements located on the streets most
frequented by visitors and shoppers.
Bay Street covered with portable arches of ever-
greens, bunting and colored light.
The whole city decorated and en fete.
Mr. T. W. Kelly, who has promoted many such
affairs, notably the Old Boys' Reunion at London,
Canada, is in charge of this movement At the re-
quest of several citizens Mr.,elly circulated among
the merchants in the city, a S~ OF OUR PROMI-
NENT BUSINESS MEN sign a petition to the City
Council to pass an ordinance granting the use of the
streets for the purposes described. It is proposed
to advertise in every State and in Canada, and invi-
tations will be sent to all persons who once resided
in Jacksonville, so far as they can be located. Cards
will be given out with blanks to be filled in with
names and addresses and sent to headquarters, from
which invitations will issue.
No doubt the ordinance will be passed because
250 business men and merchants want it, and they
want it because the decorations, the amusements,
the parades, the displays-ALL the centers of attrac-
tion-will be located on streets in the heart of the
city, WHERE THE MERCHANTS WILL RE.
CEIVE THE BENEFITS from them. The entertain-
ments will attract the crowds, the merchant has only
to hold their attention, and the opportunity to do
this he is offered.
The time-fall; the place---Jacksonville, Fla.; the
motive-reunion and entertainment, will all make for
success, both in point of attendance and of tangible
results. Let's make this the greatest celebration
Jacksonville has ever had, because it's to be "Home-
Coming Week," and there's a welcome for all.
The language of the ordinance carries the plan
of the proposal, ana the ordinance follows:
An Ordinance to Encourage the Giving and Main-
taining of a Jacksonville Home-Coming Reunion,
and Regulating and Providing for the Issuance
of Certain Licenses to do Business During Re-
Be it Ordained by the Mayor and City Council of
Section 1. That whenever the Jacksonville Home-
Coming Reunion, an organization in which the mer-
chants and business men of the city of Jacksonville
are deeply interested, and formed for the purpose of
providing amusements and other attractions and
bringing to the city one* week in each year a large
number of people for the purpose of advancing the
business interests of the city, shall file with the
City Recorder of the city of Jacksonville notice of
their intention to hold a Home-Coming Reunion, and
shall in such notice specify the time when, and the
intersection of streets upon which their attractions
and amusements are to be held, the time so desig-
nated not exceeding one week in any year, shall for
the purpose of this ordinance be known as Jackson-
ville Home-Coming Reunion Week, and the Jackson-
ville Home-Coming Reunion shall be authorized to
locate, erect and maintain during Reunion Week
such booths, stands and other temporary structures
as may be necessary for use during such reunion;
such notice shall be filed not less than six weeks
prior to the beginning of the reunion.
Ame. 2. At any time after the filing of the notice
provided for in Section 1, upon application and pay-
ment to the city of the sum of $25, said Jacksonville
Home-Coming Reunion shall obtain a city license to
do and carry on any and all kinds of business, such
only, however, as is usually peculiar to the holding
of Carnivals, Gala Weeks, Home-Coming Reunions
and the like, which license shall be given for the
time, but only for the time so designated as Reunion
Week, and shall be good and effective as to said
association and to persons duly authorized by said
association to act under its said license, but no other
persons shall, after the filing of such license, be
granted a license to do during said Reunion Week
any business of the nature or kind in the corporate
limits of the city of Jacksonville south of Adams
Street, such as is usually peculiar to reunions of this
character, except upon payment to the city of Jack-
sonville of the sum of $1,000; said association shall
issue to each person authorized to act under their
said license a printed permit on a regular form,
which permit shall be countersigned by the City Re.-
corder, under the seal of the city. before it shall be.-
come operative and effective. The Recorder shall
keep a record of each permit countersigned by him.
See. 3. The license herein granted shall not per.-
mit the Jacksonville lHome-Coming Reunion to erect
any booths, stands or other temporary structures of
any kind or nature whatever upon Bay Street or For-
syth Street, but said booths, stands or other tempo-
rary structures used for amusement or attractions
or other purposes during such Reunion Week may
and shall be erected at the intersection of those
streets which run north and south and intersect
Adams, Forsyth and Bay Steets.
Sec. 4. Aftqr the filing of the notice provided
herein no license shall be granted to any person or
persons, firm or portion to do any similar busi-
ness to those granted to the said Jacksonville Home-
Coming Reunion south of Adams Street, in the city
of Jacksonville, except a permit from said associa-
tion as provided herein, or the payment to the city
of ten times the annual license.
Sec. 5. Thil ordinance shall take effect upon its
publication aiqd become void and inoperative-
The Avenging Brother
(Continued from Third Page)
has taken the place of dear Henry in my affections.
He was the. one who nursed me to life. He was the
one, who, suspecting the fraudulent designs of Van
Alston, had traced his movements up to the present
time. He is the one whom I accidentally met in
Tampa-who informed me of these foul proceedings.
But, Mary, look to your laurels, child-where is your
Van Alston had disappeared.
"I must find him, Mary," and without another
word he darted from the room.
Near the present site of Ellenton can be seen the
ruins of the old sugar works-destroyed by the enemy
during the war. A large body of land was planted
in cane, and there can yet be seen the sunken fur-
rows and elevated ridges, upon which gigantic oaks
and tall palmetto cabbage now grow. It is now
called the "Plantation Hammook." What is now
called the "Patten mansion," where lived the man-
agers, or owners of the sugar works, is tenanted at
this time. Not-far from this "mansion" was a dock,
where the company's boats landed, bringing supplies
and carrying off the produce of the plantation. To
this dock Van Alston was going-was running, Close
behind, but not seen by him, were the pursuing feet
of John Hudson. It was the intention of the former
to secure a boat, whichh he knew was there, and make
his way across the Manatee to Braden Castle, the
remains whereof are yet to be seen. John divined
his intention. Van Alston increased his speed as
he heard pursuing steps. Glancing around, by the
light of the moon, he saw his enemy. Van Alston
was a coward, but a coward will fight when hemmed,
and hemmed the Van was--the foe on one side and
the waters of the Manatee on the other. Should he
meap into the water, or face the avenging brother?
He chose the latter.
"What docyou want, John Hudson?"
"I want your heart's blood, Colonel Van Alston,"
was the calm Teply.
"You will' lose your own, fool. I passed my
sword through you once, and I'll do so again."
"I have nu"time to parley with you, Van Alston.
I wish to retup to my family, whom but for me
you would have ruined.
"I'll send you to your brother if you attack me,"
was tne Van's answer.
"So be it. illain, defend yourself," and he gave
his enemy a sl.ht blow with the flat of his sword.
"I'll give ydb the edge of mine, young man. Why
did you not bring your sister along to beg for you?
Perhaps I woUld have listened to her."
It was the Van's intention, by his stinging words
to get Jqoh exasperated and attack him with such
violence thathe would be thrown off his guard.
"When I kill you, John, I am going to return to
Miss Mary abd prove that you was crazy on Ship
Island, and alt you have told her is the fruit of your
"When yA have killed me you can do so. I fol-
lowed you toskill you, and shall carry out my pur-
"Take' tht, fool I" and he drove with a vengeance
at John's heart.
"You failed to give it," coolly replied John, as he
adroitly warded off the blow. "I told you that I
was in a hurry, and now I'll tell you that in less
than two minutes your vile body will be in the waters
of the Manatee, and your soul in perdition."
The Van stood between the wharf's edge and his
antagonist, and as John pronounced the word water,
he adroitly changed his position, and placed John
in the posit.p he had previously occupiled.
"That change will avail you nothing, Colonel
Van; water first and fire afterwards, is your doom.
Rather chilly night, colonel, to be aImptised. I am
not a preacher, but I intend to be the administrator."
Van ^Als* made a furious thrust at him, but
John nimbi a rang aside and gave the colonel a
wound in the shoulder.
"Oh I colonel, I have soiled your wedding gar-
ments, but don't fie-the waters of the Manatee
will soon remove the stala."
May 19, 1906
What's Agitating the People These Days
Albert Brandt, in the Arena, instructively pre-
sents an argument on "the irrepressible conflict lw-
tween criminal wealth and common honesty," a mat-
ter of much interest to all, because, as Mr. Brandt
points out, it is a "question transcending all other
issues calling for the immediate action of our peo-
ple, because on it depends the fate of free institu-
This menacing power the writer calls the "com-
munism of corrupt wealth, the feudalism of the crim-
inal rich." A power that if not restrained or de-
stroyed will "mask a despotism of privileged wealth"
absolute in rule.
Mr. Brandt says let the line be drawn between
wealth acquired by honest method and that accu-
mulated by criminal practice, that distinction be
made between the riches acquired by just labor and
the "oligarchy of the criminal rich, who are cor-
rupting government, dem oalising business, obliter-
ating the sense of moral proportion in church,
school and State, and through the power gained by
evil methods are destroying respect for law while
oppressing and exploiting the people."
lie speaks of the investigations that have uncov.
ered the wrong-doing of insurance magnates; of the
lifting of the curtain sufficiently to show the people
something of the evil work that threatened their wel-
fare, and warns the public against indifference, say-
ing: "Now, however, since the investigation is over,
the harpies of Wall Street are seeking to gloss over
the crimes, to hush up the scandals and to re-estab.
lish the old order after pretended reformation. This
must not be permitted. Less than ever must the
people allow themselves to be lulled to sleep at the
preant time. Only by a determined and sustained
battlee for the overthrow of corrupt wealth and the
re-enthronement of honesty and rectitude in political
and business life can we be saved from a despotism
of the corrupt rich which could only be overthrown
by the shock, the waste and the ruin of a forcible
revolution. To save the republic to the people and
to avert a revolution of bloodshed is the high duty
of all true-minded patriots."
Mr. Brandt, very pertinently, discull es the mat-
ter of investigations of alleged evils, and the neces-
sity of conducting them by men who cannot be sway"i
from duty, and who will refuse to apply the white-
wash brush. The domination of the political boss
and the enslavement of men by the power of the
financial despots is treated as follows:
"Since the rise of the political bos and the per-
fect ing of the partisan machine, officials who enjoy
the confidence of the public have been placed largely
at the mercy of the boss and the great interests which
control hin and are the secret of his strength. To
oppoew the interests of either the so-called boss or
his real masters means political destruction, while to
be complacent to the interests and blind to facts
means political security and advancement. So, even
in a greater degree, are prominent "Men of Wall
Street and the world of business today beholden to
the maiter-spirits of a few great corporations and
financial institutions. Men naturally high-minded
and who under just and honestly-favored conditions
would be strictly upright, soon become involved in a
net of fatally downward-tending inluences when they
enter Wall Street or become active heads of great
corporations. Sometimes in the sudden turn of the
wheel they find themselves in a close place where
their business life is at stake, and at this critical
moment one of the great master-spirits of Wall
Street comes to their aid and thus lays a strong
claim upon them for future recognition of a kindness
that saved the threatened ones from ruin.
"Again, the great business interests, public-ser-
vice corporations, the trusts, monopolies and banks,
are all inextricably bound together. Their interests
not only overlap and intertwine, but the criminal rich
in certain great and lawless trusts and corporations
have reached a point where their word is law in
many places where their influence is little dreamed
of by the public. And lastly, none know better than
the prominent men in the financial and business world
what it means to seriously antagonize the Standard,
Oil Company or the Harriman, Morgan and Ryan in-
terests. He who stands for old-time honesty and
justice when such stand threatens the great domi-
nating influences in Wall Street, courts business de-
"And thus it is that the master-spirits of Wall
Street no less than the criminal rich who systemat-
ically corrupt the people's servants and defy laws
enacted to protect the public from the rapacity of
. e great commercial brigands, feel little dread of
housecleaning committees composed of members of
the corporations under fire. It is important to bear
in mind these facts as they explain and illustrate
many things that have been perplexing the general
public and are very germane to the subject under
The New York Sun, with the energy it always
exhibits in uncovering genius, and the sprightly and
graceful manner it displays in paying tribute to the
object of its delight, prints the following exaltation
of Atlanta's $75,000 editor: "Colonel John Temple
Graves, who was torn down from the Atlanta News
by the unholy hands of monopolists and foes of the
people, has been nailed, untattered, to the masthead
of the Atlanta Georgian. There he waves proudly--
and long may he wave-a glorious hurst of color.
"In looking reverently over the pages of the
Colonel's new newspaper we can find but one thing
to blame, here is too little effusion of his inspiring
personality. For example, in No. 12 ot his sterling
sleet there is but one portrait of 'John Temple
Graves. who will preside at the mass meeting Tues-
day night.' A speaking likeness, to Ix, sure. The
head and face seem those of some recovered Greek
god or demigod. fished up from the Egean or dug up
in Olympia. The waistcoat gleams with stars. The
full sweep of the wings of the collar suggests the
daily majestic aerial flight of this Cracker Cicero
toward the Empyrean. Hut why a single picture?
Even the Northern admirers of this pen and voice
of lightning will eomplnain of this slight pictorial
prlisentment of him.
"Even tbe editorial pinge contains but two double-
leaded and douhle-lhmded editorial articles and only
seven or eight reprint articles about him. His pub.
lisher believes, as every good man or lover of the
good and beautiful must believe, that Colonel Graves
is 'a great, kind and good man,' with 'the most price-
less faculty of living in the sunshine,' and 'without
exception nearer the hearts of the people than any
man of similar calling in the world today.' Yes;
but why print only one photograph of such a man?
The Tampa Tribune 'has no hesitancy in saying that
the Georgian is the prettiest paper in the South.'
And we have no hesitation in saying that its editor
is the prettiest editor in the world. "Long life to
the Georgian and its brilliant editor!" cries that
warm Tampa heart. So cry we all of us; but cold,
impersonal journalism is not what the country ex-
pects and is entitled to receive from the gifted, the
gorgeous, the ecstatic, the rapturous, the high-soar-
ing Graves, half eagle, three-quarters song thrush
and all bulbul."
Henry Watterson, who is an unyielding pillar in
the structure of old-fashioned newspaperdom, who
prefers the stage coach method of presenting the
news rather than the railway methods of the current
style, and who is a bitter opponent of what he terms
"mad-dog" journalism, has the following to say con-
cerning a proposed paper for New York:
"Albert Pulitzer, inventor of the yellow journal-
ism, announces that he intends to establish in the
fall a New York daily, which shall be as wide a de-
parture from the journalism of today as was his
Journal twenty-four years ago. There is no ex-
cuse, in his opinion, for getting out a paper that is
like others; his is to be entirely different from any
paper published at present. If it is possible to for-
give Mr. Pulitzer for turning loose the yellow mon-
ster upon a meek and innocent public, it will he
worth while, as a matter of journalistic curiosity, to
wait to see what this new affair is to be like-or
unlike. It requires a pretty resourceful mind to de-
vise a newspaper freak differing from the menagerie
of freaks that already have made day hideous and
Recently the President sent a message to Con-
gress dealing with the report of Commissioner Gar-
field on the conduct of the Standard Oil Company,
and while in itself the message was interesting to the
public, yet the most notable feature in connection
with its being was that the officials of the Standard
Oil Company are credited with having knowledge of
its contents twenty-four hours before it was trans-
mitted to Congress.
This leak in the Executive office gave the "Sys-
tem" chance to turn a trick in Wall Street that
caused a loss of millions, turning the money into the
coffers of H. H. Rogers and intimates.
SA special writer in the Philadelphia Press says:
Incidentally, some of Mr. Rogers' friends were
caught in the trap he laid for his enemies. Among
the unfortunates was Charles L. Spier, his confiden-
tial man. For this no one in Wall Street blames
Air. Rogers, as there is a strict rule in his office that
none of his employees shall speculate. This is as
much for their protection as for his own. It is im-
possible for them to know his market position, and
thereby follow his movements profitably. Even his
private secretary does not know how he stands in
the market. So shrewdly are his movements masked
(Continued on Next Pase)
May 19, 1906
- ~k m A
WHAT AILS THE MILITIA
A SYMPOSIUM ON THIS SUBJECT oP For the Purpose of Finding the Cause
TO BE CONDUCTED IN THE SUN and Prescribing Remedy for Condition
a I I
For some time it has been apparent that the peo-
ple of this State were losing interest in the State
Several companies have disbanded during the past
year, notably, Wilson's Battery of Jacksonville, one
of the oldest companies in the State; and it is known
that several more companies are in danger of being
overtaken by the same fate.
Believing that local military companies are neces-
sary in order that the people may have that sense of
security in their lives and property that is essential
to the pursuit of happiness, THE SUN has inaugu-
rated this symposium for the purpose of locating the
trouble and stopping it.
THE SUN has addressed a letter to each military
man in the State, requesting an article on the sub-
This symposium began last week with a very
interesting paper from Brigadier-General J. W.
Sackett, commanding First Brigade, Florida State
Troops, whose knowledge of military affairs gives
weight to his opinions.
The second letter received was from Capt. W. H.
Lyle of Live Oak, formerly in command of the Live
Oak Company, but now retired.
CAPTAIN LYLE'S PAPER.
Prior to the Spanish-American War each organ-
ization in the State troops was trying to make the
best showing to the public. The men, at times, were
required to furnish their own uniforms by a majority
of the organizations, and in some were required to
py monthly dues, and each organization tried to
have a set of uniforms that were second to none
other. To purchase these uniforms the ladies of the
different holae stations were' interested, and the or.
ganisations gave entertainments to rain funds for
this purpose. The ladies wen much Interested, and
this gave each organization quite a social feature,
. and each man in each organJation took a pride in
keeping his equipment in first-lass order. All
brasses and buttons were thoroughly cleaned, etc.,
and this caused the company, when assembled, to
make such an appearance that the appearance within
itself would cause men to enlist in an organization
that would make the "show" that these companies
As the Federal Government now furnishes the
equipment, under the proviftas of the Dick bill, the
necessity for entertainments are now done away with
and the elub and social features are eliminated. The
men have no incentive to make them attend drills
voluntarily, and seem to be satisfied if they have on,
as a uniform, a pair of khaki pants, leggings, cam-
paign hat and blue shirt, and the condition of this
uniform does not seem to make any difference to
the man wearing it.
I do not think that the appropriation of the
Legislature is sufficient for the annual encampment,
as under this appropriation there is now only about
seven days in which to do the work. As the time is
so short the men are necessarily worked very hard
and do not receive any pleasure from these encamp.
ments. As a great many of the men who are mem.
bers of the Florida State Troops are clerks, book.
keepers, etc., not accustomed to being in the sun,
when these men are taken to an encampment and
worked a hard as men must be worked on a seven or
eight-days encampment, they certainly will not re-
enlist when their term of enlistment expires. This
will cause others not to enlist. If these encamp-
ments lasted, say, twelve days, the work for each
day could be cut down so that the men could have
some pleasure and the troops would be more benefited
by the encampments than they are now.
I also think that these encampments should be
held at some city like Jacksonville, Tampa or Pensa-
cola, as I believe the reports that have gone out from
the smaller cities where the encampments have been
hel4 have injured the troops very much, because some
very small disturbance that would not be noticed in
either of the cities I have mentioned, would be con-
sidered a serious affair In one of the smaller places,
and would be so reported over the State and thereby
injure the troops and cause a number of men not to
enlist who otherwise would enlist.
I believe that, with the present able Adjutant
General at the head of the troops, if the Legislature
would make sufficient appropriation for the encamp-
ment to be hela at least twelve days, and the people
at the different home stations would take the interest
they should in their home organizations, and the busi-
ness men would support the troops as they should
support them, by allowing and encouraging their em-
ployees to enlist in the troops, the Florida State
Troops would soon be in as good condition as any
State troops. W. H. LYLE,
Captain First Infantry, F. S. T., Retired.
Live Oak, Fla., May 14, 1906.
People These Days
(Continued from Preceding Page]
that his right hand does not know what his left hand
is doing. And his market operations are usually
'left-handed,' according to Wall Street."
Again President Roosevelt is the central figure of
a sensational incident, and this time the part he is
playing is not likely to redound to his credit, either
as a man or as the President of the United States.
The New York American, commenting on the matter.
remarks that "nobody in his senses, we take it, will
suppose that Senator Tillman told anything but what
he believed to be the truth when on Saturday he re-
counted to the Senate how President Roosevelt,
through ex-Senator Chandler, negotiated for Demo-
cratic support of a real rate bill, critieised Repub-
lican railroad Senators by name, and then himself
went over to them and the cause of the corporations.
The prompt denunciation of Mr. Chandler from the
White House as a liar evidently caused Mr. Tillman
and some other Senators surprise-a surprise which
will hardly be shared by newspaper correspondents.
It is no news to them that the President is capable
of saying one thing and doing another, and of re.
pudiating his utterances when he discovers that to
adhere to them is inconvenient. It has long been
pretty well understood in the journalistic world that
the President in practice claims it as his right to dis-
avow statements made to reporters after their recep-
tion by the public turns out to be different from what
he expected. History acquaints us with other great
men who exercised the same privilege."
The Philadelphia Record thinks that "the Presi-
dent would not tell a lie, but neither would ex-Sen-
ator Win. E. Chandler or Senators Tillman and
The Record. however, is of the opinion that "a
President who insists upon talking a great deal with
almost everybody on every subject is certain to be
misunderstood and misquoted, and his veracity and
good faith will become involved when he plots with
Senators of all groups for the passage of a hill. Of
course, the Democratic Senators who supposed he
would stand by any arrangement with them if an
opportunity should occur of getting all the Senators
on his own party together were too simple to deserve
sympathy. The President opened communications
with Senator Tillman through ex-Senator Chandler
because he expected many of the Republican Sen-
ators to oppose the rate bill, and he wanted Demo-
cratic help. When it became possible to combine all
the Republicans he had no further use for the Demo.
crats. That ought to have been expected. The
President's reputation for courage has been acquired
by shouting vehemently things that will offend some
persons, but which will evoke loud applause from the
crowd. He is an opportunist, pure and simple.,
The Chicao Herald, in reviewing the ian
tion of the Standard Oil Company by the Interstate
Commerce Commission, held" in Chicago last week,
declares that it is "an amazing story of Standard Oil
corruption and bribery, of the systematic training of
employees to commit deceitful practices, if not actual
crime; wholesale debauchery of human character-a
story that disclosed a business record so black as
scarcely to be credible in the twentieth century-
such a tale was told upon the witness stand Satur-
day before the Interstate Commerce Commission.
'The story was the climax of a three-days' inves-
tigation, during which former employees turned in-
formers on Standard Ofl. It was the day of the
independent dealer, and if the record goes for any-
thing it serves to even up along score in which the
debit side heretofore was largely In favor of the
"After hearing the revelations of alleged crime
committed to drive independent dealers out of busi-
ness, of deceit practiced to convince dealers that there
was no virtue save in Standard Oil products, of men's
honor purchased by wholesale that Standard Oil
monopoly might be strengthened and increased, of a
well-kept school for crime which was, perhaps, no
better and no worse than that of the celebrated
Fagin of story-book fame, the commission adjourned
to meet again in Cleveland. May 24. In the latter city
will be heard the independent refineries' side of the
Standard's alleged oppression and sinister, if not
Illegal, methods employed in securing a firm grasp
upon the oil trade. The stories which have been
told have been those of the independent retailer and
of the independent wholesaler. The stories to he
heard in Cleveland will deal with the struggles of
the independent refineries to keep their heads above
water-a struggle, the Standard foes say, of honest
methods and square dealing as against dishonesty and
Residents of the Republic of Panama will be de.
prived of one of the amusements peculiar to South
American countries--that of inciting revolution-by
order of the Administration of the United States.
Disorder of any kind will not be tolerated by this
Government, and this leads the Louisvile Courier-
Journal to say: "To take the little Republic of Pan-
ama seriously, without losing night of the reason of
its creation, is a rather difficult task. All the world
known that it was brought into existence by a hand.
ful of men, with the object of agreeing to a treaty
with the United States for the construction of a cannl
across the isthmus. For this purpose it was neces.
sary to make sacred the right of secession, and to
head off by force the dee4t0 of Colombia to coerce
the secessionists. All this was done, and the little
republic made the treaty for which it was created,
and got a large sum for what it did not own.
"As our views with reference to the eanal were in.
consistent with a war of coerion, so also are they
incompatible with the favorite pastime of South
American republics in the fostering of reVolutions.
Such a republic, that cannot have every year or two
a MsOemful iasutmetios which will change the per.
O-ml of te people in power, in the opinion of
those who are omt d o ase, better tihan a dupot.
Budapest.-The American relatives of the Ester-
hazys-the Carrolls of Washington and others-will
be glad to learn that part of the enormous collection
of jewels, jeweled garments, rare arms, curios and
bibelots of all sorts found in the possession of the
former administrator of the family, Bishop Bublcs
of Kaschau, can yet be turned Into money. Prob-
ably the greater part of the million dollars' worth of
Enterhasy personal property recovered was not sub-
jee tto decay or destruction by rate, miss and other
vermin. At the same time medical experts maintain
that the aged bishop is irresponsible, since he fell
into dotage, maybe ten years ago. Some even say
the right reverend gentlemen has been a mild lunatic
for even a longer period.
Bishop Forgot Riches.-The bishop says he forgot
completely about the Esterhasy strong box, and adds
that it's lucky for the family that it was discovered
during his lifetime, giving him a chance to explain
an. restore the property to the real owners.
The bishop, it will be remembered, was bank*
rupted by his love for curios and passion forcollect-
ing. Once a man of affairs, appointed by the Crown
to administer the Esterhasy millions, he fell, of late
years, into toe hands of crooks that not only sce-
ceeded in wresting from him his own fortune, but
persuaded him to raise money on note, hundred
thousands, for which he got nothing but trash, fake
curios and bibelots, paintings signed with fraudulent
names, etc. The Rsterhasys have only the kindliest
feelings for their old business friend, the bishop, and
will not prosecute him, as reported. As a matter of
fact, there is nothing to prosecute.
Ism. Hence the men who were not enjoying the
sweets of oefce, who are probably a majority (though
that makes no sort of difference), fondly held to the
theory that so long as they did not Invade the
canal zone they were free to carry on their line of
amusements without let or hindrance from us. But
they are now told that they are altogether wrong.
And disorder in Panama will interfere with the work
on the canal, so it must not take place. If anybody
starts anything, the army and navy of the United
States will be employed to put it down.
"In other words, the republic must not forget the
reason of its being. It was created by the United
States for the United States, and it must remember
what it in for. So long as it does not interfere with
the reason of its being, it may amuse itself a it
likes, but it must never forget that we created it for
our own mrpoM and intend to ee that it serves
- -, ~ a
Saud, May 19, 1906
P t-Primary Reflection
Returning one night from a ball at which he had been numbered among the
gayest of the throng assembled to do honor to the care-free goddess who presides
at the dance, his ese. freed from the intoxicating thrill that comes to him who
gives himself up to the pursuit of pleure, with the perfume of flowers gone from
his nostrils the inviting strains of rythmio music no longer sounding in his
ea s with the lights that shone so brightly, the friends who talked so gayly,
the swish of silken skirts, the patteriig of slippered feet, the low murmur of
whispered words that came from happy hearts; gone, all gone-a man reached
his home, empty, dark, cold, frightfrIly lonely; threw his Jaded body down on a
sofs, and ompo sed song that touched all heart with its pathos and charmed
all ears with its sad sweetness.
"After the Ball Is Over" appealed so strongly to so many people who have
tasted the cup of mournful retrospection after a brief season of joyous anticipa-
tion and blissful realization, when the soul that has soared for a time, all too
short, deseends to earth again-that, it sprang at once into popularity and was
sung long after the name of its author and the circumstances surrounding its
composing were alike forgotten.
Writing this day "After the Primary Is Over," our thoughts are with those
who were in that stirring struggle for place and power, which, under twentieth
century civilization, is the greatest that engages the attention and tries the souls
We see the victors and the vanquished, the soldiers and the camp followers,
the banners proudly waving and the standards sadly trailing.
We hear the glad shouts of those who hail the fortune-favored and we catch
the pitying accents of friends who surround the losers in the fight.
We feel the exhilaration that quickens' the pulse, brightens the eye and
flushes the face of those who wear the laurel, and we are moved by the dejected
mein, the lowly glance and the wan cheeks of those for whom fate has ordained
Looking as we now do over the well-fought field of last Tuesday's political
contest, and ieeng the things we have described, we are not overborne by our
sorrow for those who were defeated, because time and the press of other matters
will soon erase from their minds nil recollection of such pangs.
We view the stricken field with hope high in our hearts that its disasters
will turn into blessings in disguise, both to the State and to the individuals who
failed to reach their desired goal.
But to the HEELER, the POLITICAL BUM, the GRAFTER, who are to the
political army what camp followers are to the armies of the nations, we turn
with contempt and loathing, and ,ay-
BE GONE, YOU UNCLEAN BEAST, AND VEX THE PEOPLE NO MORE.
This trio represents nothing but the principles of greed, and stands for noth-
ing but the code of morals possessed and practiced by the jackal and the vulture.
They prey on the candidates c'uring the period of political activity, and
desert him with laughs of derision in the hour of defeat, after they have stripped
him of everything HIS CREDULITY PROMPTS HIM TO GIVE UP.
Without power to exert a rightful influence in favor of the candidate whose
money they accept, they OBTAIN MONEY UNDER FALSE PRETENCES, and
thereby commit a crime provided against by the statutes.
If they earn their money by exerting an influence by threats, intimidation
or bribery, they commit no less a crime against moral and statutory codes, and
are guilty of a MUCH GREATER CRIME against the State, by ROBBING THE
ELECTOR OF HIS FREE CHOICE AT THE POLLS.
"After the Primary Is Over" it is the grafter, the bum, and the heeler, who
inspires the mournful reflection, for he is a stain on the State's honor that is
crimson with its shame.
There is no use for him.
Honest men have no need of him.
Strong men do not want him.
Let us protect the weak from him, by-
OCating him out.
A Little More About Graham.
In an issue published two weeks ago we exercised our prerogative to criticize
Mr. John A. Graham, candidate before the primaries for the nomination to the
office of Representative of Manatee County in the State Legislature.
4 The Bradentown Herald and the Manatee Record, in somewhat abusive edi-
torials, have both taken exception to this criticism of one of Manatee County's
oitisens, who sought a public office, and thereby opened for himself the door of
criticism on his record.
The Bradentown Herald calls us "the meddlesome Sun," and tries to prove
our title clear to the appelation by saying that we "mixed in the affairs of Man-
atee County." We reserve the right to mix in the affairs of any county in this
State, provided we think that our mixing in will tend to save the people of that
county from being taken in by a common swindler.
The Manatee Record characterizes our criticism of Mr. Graham as "a dirty
attack from a contemptible sheet." A charge like this proves nothing except
the absolute inability of the man making it to distinguish between an open, clear-
cut charge, couched in fairly good English, against a man, and a dirty attack;
or between a journal that is respected and honored throughout the length and
breadth of Florida and a contemptible sheet.
We have heard that Mr. Graham has succeeded in accumulating considerable
of this world's goods and has chosen Manatee County as a place in which to spend
it. As he is known to be a liberal buyer of notoriety, it is quite possible that
he has paid frequent visits to the business offices of these two journals.
We have received an anonymous letter from Manatee County, to which the
clippings from the two papers mentioned are attached, requesting us to specify
the acts that Mr. Graham has committed, on which our criticism was based, or to
We do not recognize the criticism of the Manatee Record or the Bradentown
Herald as the proper spur to urge us to print our bill of particulars against Mr.
As a matter of course we pay no attention to anonymous communications.
We have pronounced Mr. Graham a man who has for years, in this Mtate,
followed a career of deceit and fraud, and as a TOTALLY UNFIT PERSON to
represent any people IN ANY CAPACITY, and we did not criticize him until he
became a candidate for one of the people's offices.
IF MR. GRAHAM CALLS FOR OUR BILL OF PARTICULARS we will ce.'.
tainly accommodate him, and we feel ourselves able to overwhelm him with the
mass of evidence we have to prove our charge that even his craving after notoriety
will be satisfied.
Since we criticized Mr. Graham tlhe people of Manatee County have ehected
him to represent them in the lower house of the State Legislature. In justice
to the people of Manatee County we are impelled to believe that Mr. Graham has
deceive them as to his true character, AS HE HAS DECEIVED OTHERS IN
EVERY COUNTY IN THi STATE IN WHICH HE HAS LIVED.
We believe that the people of Manatee County aandre.good plandthose
We repeat that we see no necessity for airing Mr. Graham s misdeeds at this
time. When the proper time comes, and we warn Mr. Graham that the proper
time WILL COME, we will air them to some purpose.
But if MR. GRAHAM MAKES THE REQUEST of us, in public print or
otherwise, we will respond with charges of a specific nature.
The True 'Roosevelt at Last
It has been well said that a nimble tongue will at last trip itself, and a
busybodly is bound to get caught in the toils.
Some months ago we pronounced President Roosevelt a man of words, whose
performances fell far below his promises.
Senator Bailey has characterized him on the floor of the Senate as a man of
Senator Tillman has this week proven, on the floor of the Senate, that he
is not 4nly a "quitter," but one who betrays the confidences imposed in him at
HIS OWN INVITATION, and Who does not hesitate to prevaricate to get out
of the pit he has digged for himself.
We have long known him to be a "trimmer," a player to the galleries, and
a man of NO REAL CONVICTIONSS.
The events in the Senate of the United States, commencing last Saturday
and continuing, have shown him to he more of a demagogue than the most aban-
doned political trickster who has ever held the public attention.
We said some months ago that it was our conviction that if the Congress
of the United States was to pass an effective railroad rate bill President Roosevelt
would veto it, because. in our opinion, HE DID NOT FAVOR THIS LEGISLA-
TION against the railroad interests of the country, and would take good care
that his views, put forth for political effect and to bolster up his personal pop-
ularity as the leader of the people, WOULD NOT BE ENACTED INTO LAW.
lie has changed his views many times on the rate regulating question, and
he has at last landed WHERE HIlS HEART HAS ALWAYS BEEN-among the
ranks of those who are determined to TAKE CARE OF THE INTERESTS that
represent THIRTEEN BILLIONS OF IXHLLARS OF CAPITAL.
When this President of ours got into trouble over the Venezuelan matter he
made a scapegoat of Bowen. He did not hesitate to pronounce Whitney a liar
when he made public an interview which he had with the President, and which
put the President in a bad light.
When Senator Tillman exposed Roosevelt's perfidy in the Senate the Pres.
Saturday, May 19, 1906
ident telephoned to his friend and defender, Senator Lodge, a denial of the Chand-
ler statement, and an accusation that Mr. Chandler had lied.
But Senator Tillman has produced the Chandler statement and documentary
evidence from the White House which conclusively proves that Senator Chandler
was not the one who did the lying.
From this spectacle of the President of the United States convicted of pre-
varication and double-dealing, we turn with gladness to the one presented by
Senator Tillman, who has proven himself to be a man of courage, well able to
take care of himself on all occasions, and ALWAYS FORTIFIED WITH PROOF
of all of his statements.&
Roose'ellt Pechology "
Under the headline of "Roosevelt Psychology," the New York Evening
"Yesterday's outbreak in the Senate was only what those in close touch with
the situation have been predicting. Two angry men have been going about with a
sense of having been tricked by the President in this rate bill matter to make it
ri'j m uc i j
possible to suppress open charges of bad faith. But Senators who say these
unpleasant things merely show that they are not adepts in that fascinating study,
Roosevelt Psychology. The President has simply displayed the same qualities at
Washington that he exhibited at Albany as Governor. That is to say, when
some project of legislation in which he is deeply interested is pending he talks on
all sides of it with appalling energy, appears to abound in the opinions of every
man with whom he confers, and sets a dozen people to work for him in contra-
dictory ways. When he finds where the majority is going to be he sides with it
vehemently and declares that he never dreamed of doing anything else. This is
the process which his friends call his engaging habit of 'thinking out loud.' His
enemies apply a harsher word, but the result is the same. There are always
legislators to say that he has deceived them; there is always an astute and
powerful leader like Aldrich to get the necessary votes together and then exhibit
Mr. Roosevelt as 'ever strong upon the stronger side.' The Rhode Island Sen-
ator deserved the congratulations which were offered him yesterday. As was
justly said, he is the one Republican Senator in the Senate who knows what be
wants and gets it. Just now he has got the oosent of the President, who vowed
that be would 'ne'er consent.'
ida within a short time. Already the interest aroused in this industry is great,
and it having been demonstrated that Florida-raised stock commands a ready sale
at a good price in the markets of the world, stock raising will soon be numbered
among Florida's chief industries. We predict for the Southera Stockmau anu
Farder a career of usefulness in its chosen field.
.4 Rule for the National Bread Line
A millionaire baker in New York City-Fleisehmann-moved by the spectacle
of hungry thousands, established what became known as the '"bread line."
Daily, at midnight, hundreds of persons, impoverished, out of employment, ill-
clad and suffering for lack of nourishment, formed in line at this bakery to
obtain the sustenance that would insure them life until another day.
But one rule prevailed in this distribution of bread-one loaf to each person.
Equal chance to all, but no more. No person was permitted an advantage
over his fellows.
When a man got his loaf he was not permitted to stay in the line and fill
his arms with other loaves. Had he attempted it the others would have pushed
Greed was held in check. Should a man attempt to break the rule of equal
distribution he was forced from the line.
By this method of equal rights there was enough bread for all, and none
profited at the expense of his neighbor.
It was with the idea of maintaining an equality of conditions pertaining to
the accumulation of wealth that the framers of the national 0onstitation omitted
from that document the laws of primogeniture and entail.
It was considered by the patriots who established the republic that entailed
rights of the first born to property were a menace to the general prosperity of the
They considered, and rightly, that such a doctrine restricts the wealth of a
nation to narrow limits; that as the nation grew the circles of financial power
would become smaller and smaller as the area of the moneyless and lackland
expanded to a large percentage of the whole population.
The framers of the Constitution had before their eyes the picture of Great
Britain and the condition of the masses who were victims of the rapacity of the
law of entail, which then provided the only means to the accumulation of great
It was the spirit that governed the Fleisohmann bread line of equal distribu-
tion that appealed to our forefathers in prohibiting the law of entail. It was
their intent that no citizen should stand in line AND DEPRIVE ANOTHER OF
HIS DUE SHARE OF WEALTH.
Instead, it was the purpose to frame a code that would prevent the concen-
tration of wealth in a few hands to the detriment and bondage of the many.
The democratic principle of the greatest good to the greatest number was
the underlying basis upon which the Constitution was built.
The founders of the nation provided, as they thought, for the future welfare
of the citizenship, and nobly did they perform their task.
No stretch of vision, however, enabled them to forecast the growth of the
nation, or to anticipate the wealth-producing conditions of the years to come.
No thought occurred to the makers of the Constitution that in the lapse of
time ONE MAN WOULD BE ABLE TO MAKE A FORTUNE OF MILLIONS
IN A GENERATION, else we would find a wise restraining clause in our fun-
damental principles of government. ,
Nor is there a way provided for redistribution to the people of such accu-
The concentration of wealth, which the framers of the Constitution TRIED
TO AVOID by omission of the law of entail, IS FASTENED UPON THE COUN-
TRY WITH GRASPING FORCE; the equal rights granted TO ALL are sub-
merged by the SPECIAL PRIVILEGES ENJOYED BY THE FEW.
These conditions, however, can be traced to one source-the greed of wealth
and power that is the soul of the Republican party-the element of plutocratic
spirit that prolongs its existence and which, through its beneficiaries, threatens
to swing its lash of impoverishment on the backs of its victims should they fail
to obey its mandates at an election or attempt to rebel from its domination.
Under the workings of the highwayman, commonly called the tariff, the
American people are robbed; the consumer labors for the producer, who CON-
STANTLY GROWS RICHER, while the latter becomes poorer. In spite of all
argument made of the prosperity of the people the fact remains that the cost
of living becomes higher monthly, yet the wages of the consumer show no
A feeling is growing, however, that in the interest of the public a check
should be placed on the accumulation of great wealth.
So alarming to the general welfare of the country have the vast fortunes
and combinations of capital become that a desire for restraint is expressed, and
it is significant that President Roosevelt views with uneasiness the plight in
which his party has involved the country, and suggests an adaptation of the
Democratic doctrine of income tax as a measure of relief.
Mr. Roosevelt believes that a progressive inheritance tax feature alone, or
at least he made no mention of income tax.
Income tax, though, has been advocated by the Democratic party for many
years, and it is regarded by students of democratic principles as a most beneficent
measure, insuring to the people a return to the financial stream a portion of the
wealth they have helped to create.
England has both an income and an inheritance tax. On an income of $3,500
and more the tax is one-twentieth of the income. Incomes of less than $800 are
exempt. The inheritance tax provides that 8 per cent must be paid on estates
of $5,000,000 or over, and decreases from that percentage to I per cent on the
BOTH A PROGRESSIVE INCOME TAX AND AN INHERITANCE TAX
IS A LEGISLATIVE NEED OF THE UNITED STATES.
It affords the measure of restoration of wealth to the people to which they
The equality of the bread line-the spirit of which permeates tLhe principles
of free and equal government-demand that such a reform be made in order that
possession of more than his Just share of the bread shall cause the holder thereof
to give a just portion for the bearing of the public burden.
A Timely Periodical
The Southern Stockman and Farmer is a 24-page magazine, published
monthly by W. F. Harrison and C. F. Temple, with main ofce at Lake City and
branch office in Jacksonville, Fla. It is devoted to the live stock interests of the
Southern States. It is typographically perfect, and its columns are filled with
well-selected, carefully prepared articles on stock and stock raising. It is pro-
fusely illustrated, and contains information indispensable to those who are inter-
eted in stock raising. It comes at an opportune time to the readers of this
State, because stock raising is destined to be one of the chief industries of Flor-
Chevalier William Le Quux
He turned upon me suddenly with an
evil flash In his dark eyes, and a snarling
imprecation in Russian upon his lips.
His hand still held the order committing
me to the fortress.
"But before I leave you will destroy
that document. It may fall into other
bands, you know;" and I walked towards
him with quick termination.
"I *hall do nothing of the kind l" he
Without further word I snatched the
paper from his thin white fingers and
tore it up before his face. His county.
mance went livid. I do not think I have
ever seen a man's face assume such an
expression of fiendish vindictiveness. It
was as though at that instant hell had
been let loose within his heart.
But I turned upon my heel and went
out, passing the sentries in the ante-
room, along the flower-filled corridors
and across the courtyard to the main
entrance, where the gorgeous oonierge
K luted me as I stepped forth into the
I had escaped by means of my own
diplomacy and firmness. The Czar's
representative-the man who ruled that
country-feared me, and for that reason
did not hold me prisoner. Yet when I
recalled that evil look of revenge on my
departure, I could not help certain feel-
ings of grave apprehension arising with-
Returning to my hotel, I smoked a
cigar in my root and pondered. Where
was Elms? was the chief question which
arose within my mind. By remaining
in Helsingfors I could achieve nothing
further, now that I had made the ac-
quaintance of the oppressor, whereas if
1 retUrned to Abo I might perchance be
able to obtain some clue to my love's
whereabouts. I call her my love be-
cause i both pitied and loved the poor
afflicted girl who was so.helpless and
Therefore I took the midnight train
back to Abo, arriving at the hotel next
morning. After an hour's rest I set out
anxiously in search of Felix, the drosky-
driver. I found him in his log-built
house in the Ludno quarter, and when
he asked me in I saw, from his face,
that he had news to impart.
"Well A inquired. "And what of
the lady Has she been found?"
"Ah I your Excellency. It is a pity
you were not here yesterday," he said
with a sigh.
"Why? Tell me quickly. What has
"I have been assisting the police as
spy, Excellency, as I often do, and I have
"Seen herI Where?" I cried in quick
"Here, in Abo. She arrived yesterday
morning from Tammerfors accompanied
by an Englishman. She had changed
her dress and was all in black. They
lunched together at the Restaurant du
Nord opposite the landing stage, and an
hour later left by steamer for Peters-
"An Englishman!" I cried. "Did you
not inform the Chief of Police, Bor.
"Yes, your Excellency. But he said
that their passports being in order it
was better to allow the lady to proceed.
To delay her might mean her rearrest
in Finland," he added.
"Then their passports were vised here
on embarking?" I exclaimed. "What was
the name upon that of the Englishman?"
"I have it here written down, Excel-
lency. I cannot pronounce your diffi-
cult English names." And he produced
a scrap of dirty paper whereupon was
written in a Russian hand the name-
A DOUBLE OAMIC AND ITS CONBESqUKNCKs.
I went to the railway station, and
from the timetable gathered that if I
left Abo by rail at noon I could be in
Petersburg an hour before noon on the
morrow, or about four hours before the
arrival of the steamer by which the
silent girl and her companion were pas*-
engers. This I decided upon doing, but
before leaving I paid a visit to my
friend, Boranski, who, to my surprise
and delight, handed me my wallet with
the CsaPs letter intact, saying that it
bad been found upon a German thief who
Lad been arrested at the harbor on the
previous night. The fellow had, no
doubt, stolen it from my pocket believ-
ing I carried my paper money in the
I The affair of the English lady is a
most extraordinary one,'r remarked the
Chief of Police, toying with his pen as
he sat at his big table. "She seems to
have met this Englishman up at Tam-
merfors, or at some place further north,
yet it is curious that her passport should
be in order even though she fled so pre-
cipitately from Kajana. There is a
mystery connected with her disappear-
anee from the wood-cutter's hut that I
confess I cannot fathom."
"Neither can I," I said. "I know the
man who is with her, and cannot help
fearing that he is her bitterest enemy-
that he is acting in concert with the
"Then why is he taking her to the cap-
ital-beyond the jurisdiction of the
Governor General ?"
"I am going straight to Petersburg to
ascertain," I said. "I have only come
to thank you for your kindness in this
matter. Truth to tell, I have been
somewhat surprised that you should
have, interested yourself on my behalf,"
I added, looking straight at the uni-
"It was not on yours, but on hers," he
answered, somewhat enigmatically. "I
know something of the affair, but it was
my duty as a man to help the poor girl
tr. escape from that terrible place. She
has, I know, been unjustly condemned
for the attempted assassination of the
wife of a general-condemned with a
purpose, of course. Such a thing is not
unusual In Finland."
"Abominablel" 1 cried. "Oberg is a
But the man only shrugged his shoul-
"The orders of his Excellency the Gov-
ernor General have to be obeyed, what-
ever they are. We often rgret, but we
dare not refuse to carry them out."
"Russian rule is a disgrace to our
modern civilization," I declared hotly.
"I have every sympathy with those who
are fighting for freedom."
"Ah, you are not alone in that," he
sighed, speaking in a low whisper, and
glancing around. "His Majesty would
order reforms and ameliorate the condi-
tion of his people, if only it were pos-
sible. But he, like his officials, are
powerless. Here we speak ot the great
uprisings with bated breath, but we,
alas I know that it must come one day-
very soon-and Finland will be the first
t. endeavor to break her bonds-and the
Baron Oberg the first to fall."
For nearly an hour I sat with him,
surprised to find how, although his ex'-
terior was so harsh and uncouth, yet his
heart really bled for the po- starving
people he was so constantly forced to
"I have ruined this town of Abo," he
declared quite frankly. "To my own
knowledge five hundred innocent persons
have gone to prison, and another two
hundred have been exiled to Siberia. Yet
what I have done is only at direct or-
ders from Helsingfors-orders that are
stern, pitiless and unjust. Men have
been torn from their families and sent
to the mines, women have been arrested
for no offense and shipped oft to Sagha-.
lien, and mere children have been east
into prison on charges of political con-
spiracy with their elders-in order to
Rusify the province!l Only," he added
anxiously, "I trust you will never repeat
what I tell you. You have asked me
why I assisted the English Mademoiselle
to escape from najana, and I have ex-
plained the reason.
We ate a hearty meal in company at
the Sampalinna, a restaurant built like
a Swiss chalet, and at noon I entered
the train on the first stage of my slow,
tedious journey through the great silent
forests and along the shores of the lakes
of Southern Finland, by way of Taveste-
hus and Viborg, to Petersburg.
I was alone In the compartment, and
sat moodily watching the panorama of
wood and river as we slowly wound up
the tortuous ascents and descended the
steep gradients. I had not even a news-
p paper with which to while away the
fime, only my own apprehensive thoughts
of whither my helpless love was being
Surely to no man was there ever pre-
sented such a complicated problem as
that which I was now trying so vigor-
ously to solve. I loved Elms Heath.
The more I reflected, the deeper did her
sweet countenance and tender grace Im-
press themselves upon my hart. I loved
her, therefore I was striving to overtake
The steamer, I learned, would call at
Hango and Helsingfors. Would they, I
wonder, disembark at either of those
Spaces? Was the man whom I had
known as Hornby, the owner of the Lola,
taking her to place her again in the
fiendish hands of Xavier Oberg? The
very thought of it caused me to hold my
Daylight came at last, cold and gray,
over those dreary interminable marshes
where game, especially snipe, seemed
abundant, and at a small station at the
head of a lake called Davidstadt I took
my morning glass of teas then we re-
sumed our journey down to Viborg,
where a short, thick-set Russian of the
commercial class, but something of a
dandy, entered my compartment, and we
left express for Petersburg.
We had passed by a small station
called Galitsins, near which were many
villas occupied in summer by families
from Petersburg, and were traveling
through the dense gloomy pine woods,
when my fellow-traveler, having asked
permission to smoke, commenced to chat
affably. He seemed a pleasant fellow,
and told me that he was a wool mer-
chant, and that he had been having a
pleasant vacation trout fishing in the
Vuoski above the falls of the Imatra,
where the pools between the rapids
abound, with fish.
He had told me that on account of the
shore being so full of weeds and the
clearness of the water, fishing from the
banks was almost an impossibility, and
;bow they had to accustom themselves to
troll from a boat so small as to only
accommodate the rower and the fisher-
Then he remarked suddenly-
"You are English, I presume-pos-
sibly from Helsingfors?"
"No," I answered. "From Abo. I
crossed from Stockholm, and am going
"And I also. I live in Petersburg,"
he added. "We may perhaps meet one
day. Do you know the capital?"
I explained that I had visited it once
before and had done the usual round of
sight-seeing. His manner was brisk and
to the point, as became a man of busi-
ness, but when we stopped at Bele-Ost-
rof, on the opposite side of the small
winding river that separates Finland
from Russia proper, the customs officer
who came to examine our baggage ex-
changed a curious meaning look with
My fellow-traveler believed I had not
observed, yet, keenly on the alert as I
now was, I was shrewd to detect the
least sign or look, and I at once re-
solved to tell the fellow nothing further
of my own affairs. He was, no doubt, a
spy of 'The Strangler's," who had fol-.
lowed me all the way from Abo, and had
only entered my carriage for the final
stage of the journey.
This revelation caused me some un-
easiness, for even though I was able to
evade the man on arrival in Petersburg,
he could no doubt quickly obtain news
of my whereabouts from the police to
whom my passport must be sent. I pre-.
tended to doze, and lay back with my
eyes half-cldeed watching him. When
hc found me disinclined to talk further,
he took up the paper he had bought and
became engrossed in it, while I, on my
part, endeavored to form some plan by
which to mislead and escape his vigi-
The fellow meant mischief-that I
knew. If Elma was fying in secret and
he watched me, he wouldknow that she
was in Petersburg. At all hazards, for
my love's sake as well as for mine, I
saw that I must escape him.' The in-
geniousness and cleverness of Oberg's
spies were proverbial throughout Fin-
land, therefore he might not be alone, or
in any ease, on arrival in Petersburg
would obtain assistance in keeping ob-
servation upon me. I knew that the
Baron desired my death, and that there-
fore I could not be too wary of pitfalls.
That fatal chair so cunningly prepared
for me in Lambeth was still vividly
within my memory.
As we passed Lanskaya, and ran
through the outer suburbs of Peters-
burg, my fellow-traveler became inqu1si-
tive as to where I was going, but I was
(Continued on Fifteenth Page)
CHAS. BLUM a CO.
Dea Dad-I arrived in Jacksonville
nearly blind, and was taken to the opti-
cian's, where I w treated by a neurolo-
gist, who proscribed diet, and put me on
a fig for breakfast, no lunch, and a pecan
nut for dinner, and after six days' treat-
ment I could see a loaf of PONhOit
ied five miles. Yur ED.
P. S.-It's bread like mother used to
May 19, 1906
Unpublished Letters of Pat
Dear Spotte-Have ye missed met Tie meself Spott, when bullets were flying thicker than bees in Delightful repartee it was, Spotta, but the inci.
who asks yer forgiveness for leaving ye in the midst a South Florida orange grove. Ye were detailed for dent is not closed yet, and if Ben don't give Theodore
of yer primary gum-shoe stunt, but if ye knew how special duty that day on the southwest corner of something to chew on that will hurt his throat more
me dear chum, Jim Taliaferro, begged me to come to Bay aid Hogan Streets, and I-where was I, Spotts than embalmed beef, may I never feed at Reddy's
Washington and put him next to his plain duty on -heroically standing by yer side. again.
voting for the kind of canal we will leave for pos- But I digress. Ye know what that means-'tis Spotts, ye have heard of a place that the name
terity to dig across the isthmus of Panama, then, me a fashionable way of saying that your rivulet of begins with an H. I'm going there. Ye laugh; 'tis
darling Spotts, yer vexation would pass away as thought has leaped out of the basin. But the joyous on ye for a wrong guess. I mean Hague-The
fast as a bill to favor the railroads passes the aver- recollection of the glorious days of the past when Hague, where the international peace conference is
age Florida Senate. we were "23" almost bunkydoodled me. due. Ye know I'm a peacemaker from peaceburg.
Ye see it's this way, Spotts. The canal commit. Where was It Oh, yes, I was telling ye about Ask John Redmond when ye see him how it was I
tee is betwixt and between. Some want a sea level Tillman and how he threw the fork into Roosevelt. saved Ireland from a revolution by leaving the
canal and some want locks. I says to Jim: "Talia- He reminded me of our own Albert Gilchrist when country.
ferro, me boy, we don't want anything locked. Make he used to paw the air and jar the ear drums of Did I tell ye about Frank Clarkt He was so
everythinF wide open." the members of the Florida House. Can ye see any delighted to see me that he unwound his hands from
"That s my opinion, Pat, and yet I was not sure. similarity, Spotts? I can't; I just mentioned it as the whiskers of Grosvenor, grabbed me hand, and
I wanted the free and untrammeled expression of a a point of comparison, said, "Charmed, Pat, charmed. Did ye come to see
lofty and unbiased mind, and so I asked ye, Pat." Ye see, Spotts, Tillman declared that Theodore me measure the sword of debate with the great states-
"No mistake have ye made, Senator. But, hold had double-crossed him on the railroad rate bill- men of the House? I sure out a gash, Pat, in the
Tom Platt is on the committee with ye; how does that while he was making Tillman believe that he cave of the winds known to the dear people as the
he vote? He's an expert, having juggled with the was with him big guns, foot and critter back, he chamber of the House of Representatives. Tis there
Erie canal many a time and knowing the first name really slid down the subway, leaving Ben to defend thac I, like McGregor, stands on his native heath,
of every mule on the towpath from Albany to Buf- the forlorn hope. defying the elements, or whatever it was the rampant
falo." Once in the rear Theodore puts out one of his Scot done."
"He for the sea level," says Jim. famous round-robins, so Ben says, and runs up the "Pat, me boy," continues Frank, "how do the
"Then me boy," says I, "follow Platt; ye can't be white flag. Then Joe Bailey, whose looks are im- Crackers like the Egyptian cotton I stuffed in their
wrong." proved sinoe he had his hair out, brought out his ears? Ain't I the real sap, and don't it tickle ye
Spotts, will ye believe me, he almost shed tears in silver-mounted hammer and said that after careful to have John Dalsell pat me on the back and say,
his gratitude. "Pat," he says, "ye have lifted a consideration he was forced to declare that the 'Frank, ye are the material out of which statesmen
burden from me breast." President was not a man of iron, but a man of clay, are made?' "
"Tut, Jim," says I. "'Twas but a touch of in- and "a very common clay at that." This able opin- "Frank," says I, "didn't I tell ye twenty years
digestion that bothered ye, and I chased it away ion frees Roosevelt from suspicion of connection with ago when ye were working fourteen hours a day in
with me sunny smile." 'the Steel Trust. a sawmill, that ye would one day be one of the hands
"Pardon me, Pat," he says. "I nearly forgot But the Strenuous Teddy, from his den in the running a planer in the Government legislative fac-
until ye said 'touch.' Will ye accept?" White House, bawled through the telephone to his tory with short hours and good pay, and a helper to
Will a turkey gobble? How much, ye say. Not phonograph, Senator Lodge: "'Tis false, a Rough tote the sawdust and chips away from yer machine?"
in a thousand years will I tell ye. 'Tis a divvy ye Rider may dodge, but he never retreats, or if he does "Sure ye did, Pat. God bless ye. Have a cigar-
would be wanting. ye can't get evidence of it." ette. I'll never forget ye."
Spotts, would that you could could have been in And then, with this strong denial in his mouth, Goodby, Spotts, I'm due now to ride out to Chevy
the Senate gallery and listen to B. Ryan Tillman the Senator who thinks the sacred codfish of Massa- Chase with Bill Taft. Tea will be served at 5 o'clock,
lambast the colonel of our dear old regiment-Theo- chusette is a grander bird than the American eagle, ye know. If I'm not back in Jacksonville in time,
dore Roosevelt. made Tillman seek refuge in a page of the Congres- please vote for me-ye know how. Ever yer de-
Ye remember that dreadful day at San Juan, sional Record. voted, PAT MURPHY.
Agriculture of the Lands of the Pharoalh's w. E.Pabor
It takes a vast amount of water to irrigate and
fertilize the sandy flats along the valley of the Nile,
and for four months the lands are under water from
the vast overflow that comes down during the spring
months from the torrential rains of upper Africa.
These floods carry the sediment that settles down on
the rice and cane lands and produces a crop with
little labor from those who sow and wait idly by
until they reap. Frost the Egyptian farmer does
not fear. Drouth through eight months of the year
he knows is sure to follow the floods; but they make
the harvest, so he is content now, as his ancestors of
Pharaoh's time were, when a certain grain specu-
lator named Joseph had "a corner on corn."
But a new outlook has begun and the simple
shadoof of olden time is to disappear, and camels to
carry water for irrigation are to succeed nature's
method of inundation. The great dam at Assuah is
to imprison a body of water one hundred and sixty
miles long, which will water over a million and a
half acres of hitherto waste land, because above the
inundation area. Thereby the desert is truly to be
made to blossom as the rose, and the area of culti-
vatable land increased 20 per cent. The cotton and
the cane and the rice of the descendants of the build-
ers of the Pyramids will ere long become an impor-
tant factor in the commercial world of America and
This dam, built by English capital, consists of a
solid wall of masonry a mile and a quarter long,
eighty-two feet thick at the bottom and twenty-three
at the top; height one hundred and thirty feet. Has
one hundred and eighty openings twenty feet high
and six feet wide, and these can discharge 15,000 tons
of water per second. The cost is figured at nearly
thirteen millions of dollars, a figure that makes the
one or two millions being expended by our Govern-
ment on irrigation systems in the West, look very
small and unimportant.
We are apt to think of Egypt as a God-forsaken
country, given over to poverty, Moslemism and Nile
tourists; but a Mr. Frederic J. Haskin, who recently
has sent letters to the newspapers from various
points in the Far East, has opened the eyes of his
readers, shaken the tust of delusion from them, and
we begin to catch glimpses of an agricultural future
that even the Hyksos or Shepherd Kings of old did
not not dream of.
He writes as follows: "Most of the soil restored
by this great enterprise is to be used for growing
cane. Where there was formerly dreary sand banks
along the Nile, there are now clusters of cane mills,
and large sums of money are being invested in the
industry. The quality of the Nile cane is very high,
the value of the crop ranking next to otton. TLhi
last named crop is now (and is to be in the future)
the staple crop of Egypt. The soil is so rich that
the Nile farmer gets twice as much from each acre as
the American cotton planter produces. The country
realizes nearly sixty million dollars a year from the
sale of cotton, which is sufficient to pay the interest
on the big foreign debt and all the expenses of the
Government. If it were not for this cotton crop
the land of the Pharaohs would be hopelessly bank-
But, of course, it is not the energy, the vim, the
push of the native population that has brought about
this condition of things. In the main the Egyptian
peasants are as miserable as the soil-tillers of India.
Poorly housed, poorly fed, they do not live long, and
Dr. Osler's theory is carried out by nature and cir-
cumstance and superstition to its finale, for there are
few, if any, old people there; only old-young people,
and the marvel is, as Mr. Haskins truly observes,
"that a race of people who treat all their ills by
charms and absolutely senseless formulas of super-
stition can even survive."
"It is pathetic that the Nile people, who are the
oldest and hardest-working farmers in the world,
should profit so little from their great toil and the
rich land that nature is constantly restoring for
them. Their country is old-so old that it was a
place of refuge for Joseph and Mary when they fled
from Palestine; so old that its tombs have told the
story of the ages to men of science; and yet poverty
and ignorance and blind superstition still lie upon
it like a blight."
Will Egypt rise again to part of its ancient splen-
dor? On the north the Mediterranean Sea washes
its shores; on the east the Red Sea and Arabia
Petra; on the south Nubia; on the west the Libyan
desert. Here lies a total area of nearly 400,000
square miles, of which only 3 per cent, or 13,000
square miles, are cultivated at present. A desert
indeed. Yet with a population of over ten million
people, who annually pay two million dollars to
Turkey, while British army occupies the land and
the Khedive governs with the assistance of England.
Could Menes, the first known in history king who
founded Memphis 6,000 years ago appear-re-incar-
nated-what would he think of his people and his
land, as they exist today? or even Rameses the Sec-
ond, who built the Theban temples, of which Kar-
nak alone consisted of a group "a mile long and one
third of a mile wide?"
Shall we say, with Thackeray, that nations, like
men, are the sport of destiny? or with Schiller, that
it raises to fame but also grinds to powder? or with
Hippocrates, that all, both great and small, but ful-
ll the task set for them by destiny?
"Alas, what stay is there in numan state?
Or who can shun inevitable fate?
The doom was written, the decree was passed,
rre the foundations of the world were cast."
So wrote Dryden, and if we are but creatures of
fate and nations are as men in this regard, then
greater happiness lies in the creeds that rule in old
world lands and the Egyptian fellah, working all
day long at the shadoof, lifting pails of Nile water
to carry to its little patch of beans, is wiser in his
ignorance than we in our knowledge, that only brings
History Professor Gets
Kaiser Into Trouble
Berlin.-The Kaiser and the Minister of Justice
are coming in for a lot of abuse on account of a
speech to which they listened, "with a pleased coun-
tenance," it is charged. The speech was delivered
by Professor Glerke at a banquet given in the palace
of the Minister of Justice. Gierke, who calls him-
self a historian, declared: "The Socialist party is
the quintessence of lawlessness, and its deeds ema-
nate from a culpable spirit that ought to be severely
punished and suppressed."
Even the conservative papers protest against
"such a perversion of facts," but the Socialists only
laugh. They say they will triumph, despite the
ignorant Kaiser, the Minister of Justice, fool his-
torians and corrupt judges, encouraged by the Gov-
Storers Can't Tear Them-
selves Away from Vienna
Vienna.-Mr. Bellamy Storer, to the great delight
of his aristocratic friends, has consented to remain
a little longer in Vienna. However, himself and
wife expect not to haye a moment of time for them-
selves during their stay here, for society will go out
of its way to pay them court, and even increase their
regrets at leaving so hospitable a place as the Aus-
trian capital and court. There are rumors that Mr.
and Mrs. Storer will buy a villa near Vienna, or
palace in town, as.they desire to spend a couple of
months yearly in Vienna society and with the noble
diplomats with whom they lived on terms of inti-
macy for so long.
JOHN HENRY ON THE GRIP
By GRORGL V. HOBART
ay, did yon ever spar a few hot
Wds with a real attack of grip t
When it comes right down to a case
of bef a bad boy the grip has every
other d slpped to a sit-down.
I had the grip some weeks ago and
ever sine my system has felt like eight
c 0 worth of hmeese.
T' medicine sharps tell us that the
dp.is caused by a small germ which
cto this country originally
SIf that's the case I'm glad the Japs
p=t to boots to the Osar. I wish they
.go water him again and lick his
Ill bet even money that the father of
the arst grip germ must have been a
bombshell and lia mother was some re-
lation to one of Kuropatkin's retreats.
Its dollars tn preteens that the grip
germa I the busiest idea that was ever
based by a doctor.
Nobody knows just how or when the
grip germ breaks into the system, but
one they get foothold in the epiglot-
tis nothing can remove them except in-
ward applications of dynamite.
The grip gern hates the idea of race
From one small germ there will arise
end go forth a family the slse of which
was never dreamed of in the philosophy
of our wise and busy President. .
I don't know just exactly how they
happened to warm wise to me, but a
newly married couple of grip germs took
a notion to build a nest somewhere on
the outskirts of my solar plexus, and two
hours later they had about 233 children
attending the public school in my me-
dusa oblongata; and every time school
would let out for recess I would go un
In the air and hit the ceiling with mr
lBefore the next morning came all
these grip children had oadusted from
school, and after tearing down the
schoolhouse the whole bunch had mar.
tried and had large families of their own,
end all hands were out paddling their
canoes on my alimentary canal.
By 9 o'clock that morning there must
bave been 88,000,000 grip germs armed
with self-loading revolvers all trying to
shoot their initial over the walls of my
It was esIel
When the doctor arrived on the sooene
I was carrying enough concealed weap-
ons to exterminate the entire Japanese
I'm up to one thing, and that is that
the Russians couldn't beat the Japs be-
cause all the national energy and vital-
ity emigrated from St. Petersburg and
came over here with first grip germs.
If the Czar of all the Russians had
been a wise little father he would have
encouraged the grip germs to remain
loyal to their native land and then he
could have sent them out to Manchuria
to bite the ramparts out of Gen. Oyama,
instead of chasing inoffensive American
citizens into the drug stores.
Well, anyway, the medicine mixer
blew in, threw his saws behind the sofa,
put his dip net on the mantelpiece and
took a fall out of my pulse.
"Ah!" he said, after he had noted that
my tongue looked like a currycomb.
"The same to you, doe," I said.
"Ahl" he said, looking hard at the
"Say, doe," I whispered, "there's no
use to cut off my leg because the germs
will hide in my elbow."
"Do you feel shooting pains in the
cerebellum near the ajex of the cosmo-
politan?" inquired the doctor.
"Surest thing you know," I said.
"Have you a bussing in the ears, and
a confused sound like distant laughter
inl the panatella?" he asked.
"It's a cinch, doe," I said.
"Do you feel a roaring in the cornu-
copia with a tickling sensation in the
diaphragm?" he asked.
"Right again," I whispered.
"Do the joints feel sore and pinched
like a poolroom?" he said.
"Does your tongue feel rare and high-
priced like a porterhouse steak at a
"Do you feel a spasmodic fluttering in
"YesI" e .
"Have you a sort of nervous hesita-
tion in your hunger and does everything
you eat taste like an impossible sand-
"Does your nerve center tinkle-tinkle
like a breakfast bell?"
"Have you a feeling that the germs
have attacked your Adam's apple and
that they won't be any core?"
"When you look at the wall paper
does your brain do a sort of loop-the-
loop and cause you to nield 100 aces or
double pinochle ?"
"Yes, and 80 kings, tool"
"Do you feel a slight palpitation of
the membrane of the colorado maduro,
and is there a confused murmur in your
brain like the sound of a hard-working
gas meter ?"
"You've got me sized good and plenty,
"Do you have insomnia, nightmare,
loss of appetite, chills and fever and
concealed respiration in the carolina per-
"That's the idea, doe."
"When you lie on your right side do
you have an impulse to turn over on
your left side, and when you turn over
on your left side do you feel an impulse
to jump out of bed and throw stones at
"There isn't anything you can men-
tion, doe, that I haven't got I"
"Ah!" said the doctor; "then that set-
"Tell me the truth, doctor!" I
groaned; "what is it, bubonic plague?"
"You have something worse-you
have the grip," he whispered, gently.
"You see I tried hard to mention some
sy mptoms which you didn't have, but
you had them all, and the grip is the
only disease in the world that makes a
specialty of having every symptom
known to medical jurisprudence.'
Then the doctor got busy with the pen-
cil gag and left me enough prescriptions
to keep the druggist in pocket money
throughout the summer.
'The Avenging Brother War Balloons Make. the Coast Defenses Useless
(Oontinued from Fifth Page)
"The wound is nothing-I needed it to arouse my
resentment. I will yet your heart's plebeian blood,"
and with unguarded fury he rushed on John. The
thrust was avoided, and the colonel once more felt
the point of the sword. John now made a rush and
forced him to the opposite side of the dock.
"You must pot go overboard without a mortal
wound, colonel. Henry's blood is now avenged-
good sword, penetrate his black heart, and may the
Lord have mercy on his sinful soul, for I cannot."
And as he drew the weapon from the wound the body
of Colonel Van Alston fell limp and lifeless into the
waters of the Manatee. John deliberately wiped the
blood from his dripping sword, sheathed it, and re-
Lieutenant Atkins became a regular visitor to the
Hudson home. Before the expiration of many months
another marriage ceremony was commenced and fin-
ished, for John did not stop the ceremony, but joy-
fully gave his sister Mary into the safe-keeping of
Had Better Look Out
The Government is considering the advisability of
placing an export duty on all raw materials, which
measure is backed by the Conservatives, particularly
Count Kanita. Most probably coal will be the first
export. rtpl to ke taxed. American manufacturers
will dq, wep to watch this branch of German legisla-
tion aOd, by it in I.
A umer of alro cigarette, manufacturers are
moving their establishments to Germany in order to
avoid the new eigarettq-tax, and many of their work-
men, facing loes of situations at home, will come to
Germany to live and continue to work for their
Paris.-"Fortresses will go out of fashion like
the old-time catapults," said ano officer of the general
staff, discussing the war airship of the brothers Le.
baudy. "Even the strongest fortress will be unable
to defy a rain of ex plos es from the sky. such as
the dirigible balloon lets fly, according to the latest
"Gibraltar, for one, is placed hors de combat by
this invention, and Great Britain will have to think
up something new to defend her road to India. As
to the United States, they will not be in a position
to defy Europe much longer.
UNITED STATES THREATENED.
"If a European Power would dispatch half a
dozen vessels with war balloons in different directions
to destroy American coast towns, arsenals and naval
bases-New York, Newport, Baltimore, Boston,
Charleston, etc.-your present coast defenses couldn't
hold out an hour. By a war balloon a European
Power might even annihilate Washington. It's
lucky for you that France alone is in possession of
Unthe secret.France has always been friendly to the
"What about capturing and destroying the war
balloon laden vessels before they reach America?"
asked your correspondent.
EVER-READY WAR BALLOONS.
"You forget the various European naval stations
in American waters," replied the Frenchman. "These
stationaryships could be fitted out with war balloon
equipment to employ the moment a crisis arises, as
the Japs used their torpedoes at Port Arthur before
the clumsy Russians knew what was up. That much
for war balloons used gaint fortifications. As to
their use in the field, it is quite another matter.
Nowadays war-like operations are conducted on so
extensive a scale and uniforms of the different na-
tions are so much alike, that a war balloon would
be as liable to discharge its contents over the heads
of friends as of enemies. To ecape bullets te mu .
chine must keep at a tremendous height, making
exact observations impossible, even considering that
smokeless powder is used. Wireless telegraphy, you
say? Well, both parties can employ that. And
consider the feelings of the commanders and troops
expecting that their signals are misunderstood or
caught by the enemy, and that at the moment of suc-
cess, perhaps, they may be annihilated by their own
people. No, no, war balloons in the field would be a
mistake striking terror in the hearts of the bravest
instead of rendering encouragement."
Wages in America and Abroad
The present meat famine in Berlin has resulted
in some interesting statistics. Among others it was
shown that the American workman gets his meat
one half cheaper than his German bro while his
wages are very much higher.
Hqre is the seale of wages in the United States,
Great Britain and Germany, according to the latest
United .States, per hour-Iron workers, 26 to
29 1-2 cents.
Brick layers, 43 1-4 to 84 1-2 cents.
Carpenters, 27 1.4 to 36 cents.
Typesetters, 40 to 44 1-2 cents.
Unskilled labor, 15 to 17 cents.
Great Britain, per hour-Iron workers, 14 1-2
to 15 1-2 cents.
Brick layers, 17 1-2 to 20 1.2 cents.
Carpenters, 15 to 20 1-4 cents.
Typesetters, 15 3-4 to 18 cents.
Unskilled labor, 9 1.2 to 10 cents.
Germany, per hour-Iron workers, 10 8-4 to
12 1-3 cents.
Brick layers, 11 to 10 3-4 cents.
Carpenters, 10 1-4 to 13 cents.
Typesetters, 11 to 16 cents.
Unskilled labor, 6 to 8 cents.
The wges in France are about 10 per cent higher
than in Germany, those in Belgium 10 per cent lower
tn in Gemany on the a geg.
Later my wife came in and asked me
how I felt, and when I began to dis-
course amicably about undertakers she
put up a howl that brought the rest of
the family around the bedside on a
When I told them I had the grip each
and every member of the household from
Uncle Peter down to the cook began to
suggest remedies, and if I had taken
half they suggested they could have sold
me to a junk dealer and g4t good money.
That evening our next door neighbor,
Bud Taylor, came in and advised me to
take quinine and whisky every time I
felt a shooting pain.
I took his advice, but at the end of
the first hour the score was 98 to 87 in
favor of the shooting pains, and the
whisky had such an effect on the quinine
that it made the germs jealous, so be.
tween them they cooked up a little black
man who advised me to chase Bud out
of the house, which I did by throwing
medicine bottles at him.
That night the whisky and quinine
held a directors' meeting with the germs,
and then they wound up with a soit of
Mardi Gras parade through my system.
I was the goat I
When daylight broke I was a total
wreck, and I swore that the next per-
son that said whisky and quinine to me
would get all his.
After breakfast another friend of ours,
Jack Gibson, blew in, and after ne
looked me over his weary eye fell on the
Then Jack smacked his lips and whis-
pered that the best cure for the grip was
a glass of whisky and quinine every
time I felt chills and fever, and he'd be
glad to join me.
When loving hands picked Jack up at
the bottom of the sairs he was almost
insulted, but he quieted down when my
wife explained to him that I was suffer-
ing not only from the grip but that I
had also a slight attack of jiu-jitsu.
After weeks of study devoted to the
subject I have come to the conclusion
that the only way to cure the grip is to
stay sick until you get better.
That's what I didl
/t ;1 *,. :
Sitting in the Seat
of the Scornful
By Rev. T. Henry Blenus
David, "the sweet singer of Israel," in recom.-
mending the practice of reverence for righteousness,
as well the avoidance of the pernicious tendency of
sinfulness, exclaims: "Blessed is the man that
walketh not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor stand-
eth in the way of sinners, nor slitteth in the seat of
the scornful." Ps. I.
Ridiculing religion is a stage of impiety, a pitch
of diabolical attainment, requiring more than an
ordinary portion of the spirit of he evil one. To
be callous to all sense of religion, to throw off the
admonitions of conscience, to Insult the laws of the
Infinite One, and to wrest from the hand of the Om-
nipotent the majesty of His love and power, is an
achievement only characteristic of a spirit long ex-
perienced in the mystery of a damnable iniquity.
We have seen such persons who seemed to glory
in this shame. They are monsters in the moral
world, as miserable as they are wicked, and as loth-
somely dangerous as they are corrupted. They have
lost all sense of honor, who neither respect God nor
man, and are seared to every feeling of righteousness
In the corner class we may include the entire
race of infidels, countless and diversified, from the
dignifiedly indifferent down the ladder of unbelief till
we touch the God-insulting, Christ-rejecting depth of
blapheming the name of God.
Were the matter of religion a mere system of
speculative opinions, of themselves of little or no
note to the welfare of mankind, with no bearing on
his future and eternal destiny, it would be unchar-
itable to make this sweeping statement. But it is
an undoubted truth, a fact that religion is the
I am familiar with the mer.
Its of Bdpath's HlMto r of the
World, and commend it to the
soholar u well as to the plain
people generaUy.' Nd
of real virtue in the human life and human heart.
Therefore, any attempt to ignore it, to set it aside
or to destroy it, is an attempt against the highest
happy iness and the surest welfare of humanity.
that man is a traitor in the deepest sense of the
word to his country, his family and his God, who
prostitutes the talents with which his Maker may
have endowed him, to subvert the principles of a
religion, which in itself is the purest system of
morals and contains the highest and noblest ideas of
While we may classify men as different before
the world because of social, educational, political and
financial inequalities, they are unified before God
because of this infamous sin, where God's grade is
abused, His mercy undervalued, and His majesty
and Power despised.
The history of civilization and experience of ages
teaches us that the most justly honored names in the
annals of fame have been of men who have honored
religion-legislators, the framers of our laws; pa-
triots, the guardians of our homes; heroes, the sa-
viors of our country; philosophers and scientists,
who have opened the realms of nature and science;
bards, who have sung the virtues and deeds of the
good and great, have been equally as illustrious on
the side of goodness and righteousness, religion and
devotion, truth and Godly reverence.
It is a maxim governing the lives of all noble
men, that there is nothing which can compensate
wickedness; that even were the rewards and the
punishments, which influence illiberal and ungener*
ous minds, set aside, that even should the thunders
of heaven be hushed, they would follow righteousness
for rigtheousness sake, and co-operate with the Infi-
nite One in perpetual endeavors to do good, to repress
the evil and advance the happiness of mankind.
Thousands are seemingly brave when the day of
battle is distant, and can, in the midst of tranquility,
talk of despising danger, who toss the head and curl
the lip at the truths of religion, who sorn the prin-
ciples of a heaven-born faith, and repudiate the need
I esteem Ridpath's History
of the World of very Jrt
value, and hope it will ind a
place generally In the llbrarlee
of our schools as well as upon
the shelves of resders i Ivry
walk of life. w lnm
Plss IOuar Hnd- te s a--d or f Their e0811t P! isafas-
RIdpath's History of the World
9 Massive Royal Octavo Volumes 4,000 double-column page ,
2,000 superb illustrations. Brand new, latest edition, down to
date, beautifully bound in half Morocco. WU1o 9 PUeuds.
AT LESS THAN EVEN DAMAGED SETS WERE EVER SOLD
We will name our price only in drel letms to those sending us the COupN below. Tar eIf ts oC es,
wi -am af u_ p aihMy, ANd I b us new beiers ysee IL
Dr. Ridpath is dead, his work is done, but his family derive an income front his History, and p
-ur pries inis-l for the sake of more quickly selling these few sets, would eause gMret MjLy a in ltoi.
l6Ib takes you back to the dawn of history. long before
the Pyramids of 0ptwere built; down through the roman.
tic troubled timesof Chaldea's grandeur and Asyria's ma-
nlMcenee; of Babylonia's wealth and luxury- of Greek and
Itoman splendor; of Mohammedan culture and refinement; of
French elegance and British power, to the rise of the Western
s He throws the mantle of personality over the old heroeof
history. Alexander I there-patriot, warrior, statesman. dip.
lomak-crowning the glory of Grecian hito"-
S 1ry. Xe tes from his mountain platform sees
ThemslStoclel, with three hundred and fifty
Greek ships, smah his Persian fleet of over a
Sthosand sail and help to mould the language
in which this paraIraph is written. Rome
perches Nero upon the greatest throne on
earth, and so sets up a poor madman's name
T., ~to stand for countless centuries aus a soon
___ of savage cruelty. Napoleon fihts sterloo
S i ftthatat lastthe endof his gilded
drs m has come. Bismarck is there-grun,.
over r a giant puilist I the diplomat:
c rins-lauching with diod.n tracee, which ays:
'Iouhnds lr dim foursquae p. to all the
wdS," ave, toht1kl proof against the wiles of British
itrategy and the poisoned darts of false friends: clear-meing
over the heads of his follow-countrymen. and on into another
century, the most colossal world.-figure of bis time.
He covers wer M. evi sies r and holds you
spellbound by his wonderful eloquence. Nothing more inter.
estin absorbing and inspiring was ever written y man.
i should be in your home. It is a work that you will
value as long as you live and read over and over again.
nu fNh TIM UTy, -- aM AL
Weatwm aNgw 5r AsseiIiei Mail Coupon Today-4-2s,6
2H4 Dearborn Street, Chlcago.
Please mall, without cost to me, Ridpath Sample Pawes
and full particulars, as offered In the Jacksonville Sun.
A d d re ...................................................................................
When you send in this blank, plmS notify, by postal,
The Sun, Jacksonvuls, Fla.
of a preparation for the life to come, giving a cool
non-reception to the demands of divine truth. The
corner may hide himself in the fascinating robes of
a worldly refinement, or oppositely veil himself in
scepticism, atheism, or agnosticism, or crime, but he
is doomed. He may think by scorning religion and
trampling its holy precepts beneath his feet to pur-
chase for himself a glorious ease, and an undis-
turbed tranquility. He will at last And his ease to
be inglorious and his tranquility infamous, bought
at the expense of character and conscience.
Kaiser's War Balloon Architect
The French general staff hears that the Kaiser's
war balloon architect, Major von Persevol, working
at the Ruediger factory, in Augsburg, has nearly
completed a dirigible war balloon, while Italian and
Spanish engineers and inventors are working in the
.. ..w j^^aaM "aM*
ES, IT WRITES underneath the
platen, called "blind writer" and
"out-of-date"-but that doesn't
If you had a well of fine water and
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Now, if ten different kinds of pumps
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You have writing to do, that's why
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A pump, then, is valuable for the
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other typewriter built. More till, do It with
les sfort, and continue to dolt longer.
Other typewriters may be represeated to be
the fastest, but they're not. if they were, the
ISb-oele wouldn't have won fifteen tes
ouof sixteena aIn public contests.
These things are all bit ry, sad history
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It Is the fastest and easiest machine to ope>
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May 19, 1906
' I. .,
The Czar's Spy
(Continued from Tenth Page)
somewhat unresponsive, and busied my-
elf with my bag until we entered the
great ehoing terminus whence I could
see the Nova gleaming in the pale sun.
light and the city beyond. The fellow
made no attempt to follow me-he was
too cleter a secret gent for that. He
merely wished me "sdravstvulte," raised
bie hat politely and disappeared.
A por, er carried my bag out of the
station, and I,drove across the bridge to
the large hotel where I had stopped be-
fonr, the Surope, on the corner of the
Ntvaki Prospot and the Michael Street.
The I engaged a front room looking
down into the broad Neveki, had a wash,
and tMh watered at the window for the
appearance of the spy. I had already
a good four hours before the steamer
from Abo was due and I intended to
satisfy myself whether or not I was be-
Within twenty minutes the fellow
lounged along on the opposite side of
the road, just as I had expected He
had ohap6ed his clothes, and presented
such a different appearance that at first
sight I failed to recognlIe him. He
knew that I had driven there, and in-
tended to follow me if I came forth.
My position was one of extreme diffi-
culty, for if I went down to the quay
he would most certainly follow me.
Having watched his movements for
ten minutes or so I descended to the big
salle-a-manger and there ate my lunch-
eon, chatting to the French waiter the
while. Isat purposely in a aloove, so
as to be away from the other people
lunching there, and in order that I might
be able to talk with the waiter without
Just as I had finished my meal, and
he was handing me my bill, I bent
towards him an'd asked--
"D6 you want to earn twenty rou-
"Well, m'sleur," he answered, looking
at me with some surprise. "They would
hu acceptable. I am a married man."
"Well, I want to escape from this
place without being observed. There is
a disagreeable little matter regarding a
lady,. and I fear a fracas with a man
who is awaiting me outside in the
Nevski." Then, seeing that he hesi-
tated, I assured him that I had com-
mitted no crime, and that I should re-
turn for my baage that evening.
"You could -s through the kitchen
and out by Serants entrance," he
said, after arjhoM s reflection. "If
m'sieur so desires, I will conduct him
out. The exit is in a back street which
ieas onA.pJMe Catherine Canal."
",xoellelt0l said. "Let us go. Of
with whibh I paid m y bill, and taking
my hat I followed him to the end of the
sa e-a-manget behind a high wooden
so ren, across the huge kitchen, and then
through a long stone corridor at the end
of which sat a gruff old doorkeeper. My
guide spoke a word to him, and then the
door opened and I found myself In a
narrow back slum with the canal be-
My first visit was to a clothier's,
where I purchased and put on a new
light overcoat and then to a hatter's
for a hat of different shape to that I was
wearing. I carried the hat back to a
quiet alley which I had noticed, and
quickly exchanged the one I was wear-
ing for it, leaving my old hat in a cor-
ner. Then I entered a cafe in order to
while away the hours Until the vessel
from Finland was due.
At 4 o'clock I was out upon the quay,
straining my eyes seaward for any sign
of smoke,'but could see nothing. The
sun was siakihg, and the broad expanse
of water westward danced like liquid
gold. The light died out slowly, the
col4 gray of evening crept on. A chill
wipd sprang up and swept the quay,
causing me to shiver. I asked of a dock
laborer whether the steamer was usually
late, whereupon he told me that it was
often five or six hours behind time, de-
p1nding upon the delay at Helsingfors.
Twilight deepened into night, and the
rain fell heavily, yet I still paced the
wet fiage in patience, my eye, ever sm-
ward for the light of the vcsel which I
hoped bore my, love. My presence there
aroused some speculation among the
lounerse I think; nevertheless, I waited
IV deepest anxiety whether, after all,
Elms and Hornby had not disembarked
Soon after 10 o'clock a light shone
afar off, and the movement of the police
and porters on the quay told me that it
was the vessel. Then after a further
anxious quarter of an hour it came, amid
great shouting and mutual imprecations,
slowly alonglde the quay, and the pas-
sengers at last began to disembark in
the pelting rain.
One after another they walked up the
gangway, filing into the passport office
and on into the custom house, people of
all sorts and all grades-Swedes, Ger.
mans, Finns and Russians-until sud.
denly I caught sight of two figures-one
a man in a big tweed traveling coat and
a golf cap, and the other the slight fig-
ure of a woman in a long dark cloak and
a woolen tam-o'-shanter. The electric
rays fell upon them as they came up the
wet gangway together, and there once
again I saw the sweet face of the silent
woman whom I had grown to love with
such fervent desperation. The man be-
hind her was the same who had enter-
tained me on board the Lola-the man
who was said to be the lover of the fugi-
tive Muriel Leithoourt.
Without betraying my presence I
watched them pa through the passport
office and custom house, and then, over-
hearing the address which Martin Wood-
roffe gave the isvoshtchik, I stood aside,
wet to the skin, and saw them drive
At 11 o'clock on the following day I
found myself installed in the Hotel de
Paris, a comfortable hostelry in the Lit-
tle Mornkaya, having succeeded in evad-
ing the vigilance of the spy who had so
cleverly followed me from Abo, and in
getting my suit ease round from the.
I was beneath the same roof as Elma,
although she was in ignorance of my
presence. Anxious to communicate with
her without Woodroffe's knowledge, I
was now awaiting my opportunity. He
had, it appeared, taken for her a pleas-
ant front room with sitting-room ad-
joining on the first floor, while he him-
self occupied a room on the third floor.
The apartment& he had engaged for her
were the most expensive in the hotel, and
as far as I could gather from the French
waiter whom I judiciously tipped, he ap-
peared to treat her with every consider-
ation and kindness.
"Ah, poor young lady I" the man ex-
claimed as he stood in my room answer-
ing my questions, "What an affliction!
8he writes down all her orders-for she
can utter no word."
"Has the Englishman received any
visitors?" I asked.
"One man-a Russian-an official of
police, I think."
"If he receives anyone else, let me
know," I said. "And I want you to give
Mademoiselle a letter from me in se-
I turned to the little writing table and
scribbled a few hasty lines to my love,
announcing my presence, and asking her
to grant me an interview in secret as
soon as Woodroffe was absent. I also
warned her of the search for her insti-
gated by the Baron, and urged her to
send me a line in reply.
The note was delivered into her hands,
but although I waited in suspense nearly
alt day she sent no reply. While Wood-
roffe was in the hotel I dared not show
myself lest he should recognize me, there-
fore 1 was compelled to sham indispo-
sition and to eat my meals alone in my
Both the means by which she had met
Martin Woodroffe and the motive were
equally an enigma. By that letter she
had written to her schoolfellow it was
apparent that she had some secret of
his, for had she not wished to send him
a message of reassurance that she had
divulged nothing? This would seem that
they were close friends; yet, on the other
hand, something seemed to tell me that
he was acting falsely, and was really an
ally of the Baron's. .
Why had he brought her to Peters.
(Ontinued on next Page)
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May 19, 1906
The Czar's Spy
(Continued from preceding pap.)
burg ?If he had desired to rescue her he
would have taken her in the opposite
direction-to Stockholm, where she
would be free-whereas he took her, an
eomped prisoner, into the very midst of
peril. It was true that her passport
was in order, yet I remembered that an
order had been issued for her transpor-
tation to Saghalien, and now one ar-
rested she must be lost to me for ever.
This thought filled me with fierce
anxiety. Sue was in Petersburg, that
city where police spies swarm, and where
every fresh arrival is noted and his an-
teoedenta inquired into. No attempt had
been made to disguise who she was,
therefore before long the police would
undoubtedly come and arret her as the
escaped criminal from Kajans.
For several hours Isat at my window
watching the life and movement down
in the street below,my mind full of won-
der and dark foreboding. Was Martin
Woodroffe playing her falset
Just after half-pmt six the waiter
entered, and handing me a note on a
"Mademoiselle has, I believe, only this
moment been able to write in secret."
I tore it open and read as follows--
"Dear Friend-I am so surprised. I
thought you were still in Abo. Woodroffe
has an appointment at 8 o'clock on the
other side of the city, therefore come to
me at 8:15. I must see you, and at
once. I am in peril.-Elma Heath."
My love was in peril l It was just as
I had feared. I thanked Providence
that I had been sent to help her and ex-
tricate her from that awful fate to which
"The Strangler of Finland" had con-
signed her. -
At the hour she named, after the
waiter had come to me and announced
the Englishman's departure, I descended
t0 her sitting-room and entered without
rapping, for if I had rapped she could
not, alasi have heard.
The apartment were spacious and
comfortable, thickly apeted, with
heavy furniture and gild g. Before
the long window were drank curtains of
dark green plush, and on one side was
the high stove of white pdroelain with
shining brass bands, while from her low
lounge-chair a slim wan figurs sprang
up quickly and came forward to greet
me, holding out both her hands and
I took her hands in mine and held
them tightly in silence for some mo-
menta, as I looked earnestly into those
wonderfully brilliant eyes of hers. She
turned away laughing, a slight flush ris-
ing to her cheeks in her confusion. Then
she led me to a chair, and motioned me
to be seated.
Ours was a silent meeting, but her
gestures and the expression of her eyes
were surely more eloquent than mere
words. I knew well what pleasure that
re-encounter caused her-equal pleasure
with that it gave to me.
Until that moment I had never really
loved. I had admired and flirted with
women. What man has not? Indeed,
I had admired Muriel Leithoourt. But
never until now had I experienced in
my heart the real f s of rue burning
affection. The sweetness of her expres-
sion, the tender caress of those soft,
tapering hands, the deep mysterious
look in thdee magnificent eye, and the
Incomparable grace of all her move-
ments, combined to render her the moet
prfet women I had ever met-perfect
which, with such dastard wantonness,
she had been deprived.
She touched her red lip with the tip
of her forefinger, opened her hands, and
shrugged her shoulders with a sad is-
tun of regret. Then turning quickly
to some paper on the little table at her
side she wrote something with a gold
pencil and handed to me. It read-
"Surely Providence has sent you her l
Mr. Woodroffe must have followed you
from England. He is my enemy. You
must take me from here and hide me.
They intend to send me into exile. Have
you ever been in Petersburg before? Do
you know anyone here?"
Then when I had read, she handed me
her pencil and below I wrote-
"I will do my best, dear friend. I
have been one in Peterbug. But is it
ot beut tht we should Map at ase
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"Impossible at present," she wrote.
"We should both be arrested at the
frontier. It would be best to go into
hiding here in Petersburg. I believed
Woodroffe to be my friend, but I have
found only this day that he is my enemy.
He knew that I was in Kajana, and was
in Abo when he learned of my escape.
He went with two other men in sprch
of us, and discovered us that night when
we sought shelter at the woodcutter's
hut. Without making his present
known he waited outside until you 'ere
asleep, and then he came and looked in
at my window. At first I was alarmed,
but quickly I saw that he was a friend.
He told me that the police were in the
vicinity and intended to raid the hut,
therefore I fled with him, first down to
Tammerfors and then to Abo, and on
hen. At that time I did not see the
dastardly trap he had laid in ordw to
get me out of the Baron's clutches and
wring from me my secret. If I confess,
be intends to give me up to the police,
who will send me to the mines."
"Does your secret concern him?" I
asked in writing.
S"Yes" she wrote in response. "It
would Le equally in his interests as well
as those of Baron Oberg if I were sent
to Sahalien and my identity effaced. I
am a Russian subject, as I have already
told you, therefore with a Ministerial
order against me I am in deadliest
"Trust in me," I scribbled quickly.
"I will act upon any suggestion you
make. Have you any female friend in
whom you eould trust to hide you until
this danger is past"
"There is one friend-a true friend.
Will you take a note to her?" she wrote,
to which I instantly nodded in the affirm-
Then rising, she obtained some ink
and pen and wrote a letter, the contents
of which she did not show me before she
sealed it I sat watching her beautiful
head beat beneath the shaded lamplight,
catching her profile and noticIg how
eminently hdsom it was, superb and
unblmntimd in her youthful womanhood.
I watched her write the superscrip-
tion upon the envelope "Madame Olga
Stassulevitch, modiste, Sorednl Prospect,
281 Vasili Ostrof." I knew that the
district was on the opposite side of the
city, close to the Little Nova.
"Take a drosky at once, see her and
await a reply. In the meantime, I will
prepare to be ready when you return,"
she wrote. "If Olga is not at home, ask
to ee the Red Priest-4n Russian,
'XIraSny-pastor.' Return quickly, as I
tear Woodroffe may ome back. If so, I
CONTINUEDD NXT WMK)
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