in this Number
Volume 1-No. 25
JAGKSONVILLC, FLORIDA. MAY 12. 1906
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IN THE SUN'S CHARIOT
Intimate Talks Between Publisher and Reader
The SUN has scored another hit.
This time time credit is marked up to The Czar's Spy.
We know this is the case because of the many words of praise we
have heard and the letters that have been received containing com-
plimentary allusions to the story.
Entertaining and forceful it is being read with interest and
It is not unusual for us to receive a letter asking for back num-
bers or requesting that a missing copy of THE SUN be supplied, the
writer saying: I want to keep up with the story of The Czar's Spy."
Deeply gratifying to us are these expressions from our readers.
It proves that we have guaged popular taste in the selection of
fiction, and it is positive assurance that in publishing The Czar's Spy
we are maintaining the standard of interesting matter.
In the department of fiction as well as of all other features
of THE SUN it is our purpose to provide the best that we can find.
Public approval is a proof that we are in the right path, an
indication that our readers are satisfied with the reading matter in
We have received many assurances of that character lately con-
cerning other features of THE SUN, and now are added commendations
of our serial story.
Very pleasing this is to us, and an incentive to harder work that
THE SUN may shine with greater light.
We want to call your attention to another thing about THE SUN-
The part it plays in spreading information among the people
about things they should know-
The aid it offers toward better citizenship by its presentation of
subjects in which people should be interested for their own advance-
ment and benefit-
Discussion of topics in a careful and accurate manner that the
people may be left to form an opinion without prejudice.
Have you considered what a paper of this character means
Its value as a bearer of intelligence and facts that weekly may
be worth many times the amount of the year's subscription.
If you read THE SUN you will not drift-- it will be the rudder
to steer your thoughts in the right channel.
Now is a good time to get in line.
Take out a policy of intelligence insurance.
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No deferred dividends--you get your dividend each week.
And you can rest secure for one year that if anything happens
that you ought to know-
THE SUN will print it.
Your attention is directed to the symposium on the condition of
the state militia which begins in this issue-
General Sackett who commands the first bregade F. S. T. con-
tributes a most interesting paper--
Papers from other military men will follow in subsequent issues.
We predict that this discussion will reach a high degree of
interest to the people and we hope that good results will follow the
Look for General Sackett's article in this number and when you
have found it, read it carefully.
In an early issue we purpose to take up the taxation question and
thoroughly explain it.
We predict great success for these two presentations of such
WATCH THE SUN,-
J And insist on having it.
May 12, 1906
A SYMPOSIUM ON THIS SUBJECT TO BE CONDUCTED IN THE SUN
For some time it has been apparent that the peo-
ple of this State were losing interest in the State
Several companies have disbanded during the past
year, notably, Wilson's Battery of Jacksonville, one
of the oldest companies in the State; and it is known
that several more companies are in danger of being
overtaken by the same fate.
Believing that local military companies are neces-
sary in order that the people may have that sense of
security in their lives and property that is essential
to the pursuit of happiness, THE SUN has inaugu-
rated this symposium for the purpose of locating the
trouble and stopping it.
THE SUN has addressed a letter to each military
man in the State, requesting an article on the sub-
The first answer received came from Brig. Gen. J.
W. Sackett, which we print below; others will fol.
low as fast as they reach us.
An earnest request is made of all who have knowl-
edge of military matters, to engage in this discus-
sion. This request is proffered to those who may not
have received written requests from us, to whom we
give our thanks in advance for the favor done us.
GENERAL SACKETT'S PAPER.
Jacksonville, Fla., May 8, 1006.
Mr. Claude L'Engle, Editor Sun, Jacksonville, Fla.:
Dear Sir-In response to your request to give my
views regarding the condition of the military com-
panies in the several communities in the State, the
following is submitted:
THE STATE TROOPS.
Prior to the Spanish-American War, the military
organizations throughout the State served a two-
fold purpose, the primary object of course, being
the protection of the homes and firesides of our peo-
ple and the common weal in other directions. In
general, forming a bulwark behind which, in times
of need, law and order could find assistance and
protection should riot overrun any portion of our
fair domain, or a common foe dare trespass upon our
paramount rights and privileges. Aside from this
patriotic purpose these several organizations com-
posed societies which afforded the members many
social advantages In their club features and the fre-
quent entertainments, which were of such a nature
that it was considered a high privilege to be per-
mitted to participate in them. It was not always
an easy matter to become a member of these or-
ganizations. Applicants, besides possessing the' pre-
requisites necessary to make a soldier, had to stand
the test of the ballots of the members, who were
Jealous of this right and carefully guarded against
the admittance of any one whose social standing and
general character was such as to unfit him to asso-
ciate with the other members on terms of equality.
Further, it was required that the members pay for
the privilege of belonging to the organisation in the
form of monthly dues. The organizations supplied
their own uniforms, and frequently portions of their
equipment, besides equipping their armories with
furniture and literature and apparatus for athletic
exercises, amusement and recreation. They generally
had funds in their treasury which they would aug-
ment from time to time as occasion required by giv-
ing fairs and entertainments, which the public pat-
roused liberally. As a rule, the organizations were
not large, consisting generally of from sixty-five to
forty active members.
Then ame the Spanish-American War. Every
military company In the State was extremely anxious
to parUeIpate, ad I believe without emeptis
For the Purpose of Find-
Ing the Cause and Proe
scribing the Remedy for
the Decline in Military En-
thusism Among Floridians
promptly volunteered. To make themselves eligible,
however, it was necessary for each company to recruit
to about three times its former strength. In fear of
not being able to present themselves with a sufficient
number of men who could pass the required examina-
tion, the highways and byways were searched, and
every available man was accepted, without special
regard to his standing in the community. In con-
sequence the morale of the troops was much lowered
and the esprite de corps in the several organizations,
which formerly existed, was lacking. Notwith-
standing this, to their credit be it said, the First
Florida Volunteers formed a most excellent body of
men, and had opportunity been afforded them there
is no question that they would have acquitted them-
selves in a manner at least above reproach. But in-
stead of going to the front with the first expedition,
as had reasonably been expected, month after month
followed of arduous and disagreeable camp duty,
with sickness and disease stalking through their
company streets, due to the unsanitary location of
their camps, for which those higher in authority
were responsible. During this time they were
buoyed up, however, by rumors and occasional prep.
arations with the ostensible object of joining the
next expedition. Disappointment after disappoint-
ment followed, until when finally ordered to be mum.-
tered out, the men had become generally discouraged
with their experience, and for a considerable period
of time afterwards little or no interest was mani.
fested in military affairs throughout the State.
Public-spirited officers and men, realizing the im-
portance of maintaining military organizations in
various localities in the State, attempted to re-estab-
lish the former condition of affairs, but with indiffer-
ent success, although during this time the troops
rendered material service to the city of Jacksonville
at the time and subsequently to the calamity of the
great fire. Finally under the leadership of our pres-
ent Adjutant General, and under the stimulus of
Federal aid, as provided in the act of Congress gen-
erally known as the Dick bill, the State Troops as.
sembled in encampment in Jacksonville in 1903
with at least a semblance of their old-time spirit.
The two encampments since and the participa-
tion in the war maneuvers at Manassas have been
the means of imparting valuable experience and in-
formation to the officers and men. But during the
By Almed Wight DrIloll. Bradentown.
"Sometime" is a grave both deep and wide,
Where lies buried many a treasure;
Of our high resolves and heart's desires,
Do we give in unstinted measure.
Our passionate will and selfish ways
Form a woof of sin and weakness;
While we say "Sometime we will weave
With the threads of love and meekness.n"
In aspiring youth, some far off heights
Is the goal of a longed for blessing;
And we say, "Sometime we will take the path
That shall lead to our possessidng."
It is ever thus, till we wisely learn,
For whatever is worth the winning,
There's no better time in any life
Than now for a good beginning.
interim great difficulty has been experienced in
maintaining the organizations in a condition ap-
proaching standard efficiency. The reason appears
plain. The men have little or no incentive to attend
drills other than their innate patriotism, for which
it is only too plainly apparent, practically no appre-
ciation is given by the averep oitiMn in whose in-
terest he is devoting his time and service. Uni-
forms, as well as equipment, are now supplied by the
general Government, and there is no pressing neces.
sity for entertainments to raise funds for the pur.
chase of such supplies, without which the organize.
tions could not be maintained; consequently then
opportunities of interesting the general public in
military affairs and of commingling with the other
members of the social world is not afforded them.
Here in Jacksonville tnere is no opportunity at pres-
ent to introduce the club features of the former or-
ganizations, for the reason that the quarters af-
forded in the present armory are inadequate for the
proper storing of the military equipment alone. The
officers find it necessary to share among them all
one small room in the tower for office purposes and
a place to keep their company recoords. And here
let me say for the officers: Good officers, as a rule,
are found only among men of affairs. Under the
new law much more is expected of them than for.
merly. While this may not appear to be much to
the regular officer, who is accustomed to' perform
such duties as a matter of routine day in and day
out, it is much for the officer of the citizen soldiery.
His hours of leisure are needed for relaxation from
mental and bodily strain occasioned by his daily
occupation. When he has to devote, say only part
of his leisure to the study of the Drill Regulations,
Organization and Tactios, and Security and Defense,
to say nothing of the Army Regulations, and further
to concentrate his mind on the company affairs and
records, taking up the broken threads where he left
off some time before, fill out forms and prepare his
reports, he has tasks that are very trying to the
average man, and for which he generally has oooa
sion to feel are far from being appreciated, oven if
he executes such tasks faitfully and uncomplain-
ingly. Notwithstanding all ids, I am satisfied our
officers would willingly undertake and perform all
that is expected of them if they wre assured the 0o-
operation of the business man, the oltiens in gen-
eral, and last but far from being the least, the
ladies of the home circles of the members of their
The business man should be sufficiently alive to
his personal interests and exhibit sufficient patriot-
iam to encourage the military spirit among his em-
ployees and in his family, and not placate his con-
science with the idea that there are plenty of others
who can do this without interfering with his own
business or financial arrangements. It is reong-
nised as a fact that the most valuable employees
make the best military men. Instead of deducting
from the usually meager vacation allowed his em-.
ployees the time required for military service, he
should willingly accord this time in addition. He
should carefully avoid connivance with an employee
who wishes to shirk his military duty and solicits
his ai&l in this respect, requesting prmilssion to ay
that his employer will not permit him to be absent
from his work for such purpose.
A new and commodious armory, centrally located,
with sulfficient vacant spaces surrounding it and so
arranged that it could readily be defended, should
be provided in the city of Jacksonville at the earliest
With such co-operation and inrased facilities,
the writer fees certain that within a short time the
troops would attain a standard of *fleasy which
would at least oompanre favorably with, if not excel,
the best to be found elsewhere. Very repetfully,
J. W. 8ACKXTT,
Briadier omneral Commading Fir ,igd r
Id It Tueee_
4 CENSUS FIGURES FOR FLORIDA 4
Long delayed, impatiently awaited, much discussed, and a wee bit cussed,
the census of the State is put before the people who, through their chosen rep-
resentatives in the Legislature of 1905, ordered it.
It cost the people in the neighborhood of thirty thousand dollars, but this it
a small price to pay for the satisfaction of knowing just how we stand in
In the short preface to the report, which lacks the returns from three coun-
ties to make it complete, the officers in charge of the work explain the delay in
making their report, and the causes that operated to prevent the report fro, i
In this article the complete report of Hon. B. E. McLin and Hon. H. Clay
Crawford is printed, and in addition THE SUN presents a table compiled in
THE SUN office from data given in the report and taken from the Government
census of 1000, showing the increase and decrease in population in the several
counties in five years, whites and negroes separately, and the percentage of loss
and gain in each county in five years.
A study of the report produces the following as the important features of
STATE CENSUS AT A GLANCE
The enumeration began in July, 1905, and ended October lht same year.
The figures for Esoambla, Orange and Dade Counties are not included.
With estimated population of the three missing counties included, the total
population of Florida in the fall of 1905, was 015,000 in round numbers.
This is an increase of 131,000, or NEARLY 29 PER CENT in five years.
There are nearly one hundred thousand more white persons than negroes in
Jacksonville is the chief city, leading Tom pa, the second city, by 12,478.
Hillsborough is the most populous, exceeding Duval County, which comes
next, by 3,504.
Manatee County leads the State in percentage of gain in five years, show-
ing 83 per cent.
Next in order in percentage of gain are DeSoto, with 54.7 per cent; Polk,
with 43.2; Hillsborough, with 42.8, and Citrus, with 40.
The city showing the largest percentage of pin in five years is Live Oak,
with the P11ENOMENA, PERCENTAGE OF NEARLY 340.
Wakulla County stood still during the five years elapsing between the enum-
eration, the total population being identically the same in 1905 as in 1900. She
made a good exchange as to quality, swapping 239 negroes for 239 whites.
Jefferson County shows the greatest percentage of loss-23.3 per cent-
though she lost only 480 whites, while 2,585 negroes departed from her midst.
Those counties showing more negroes than whites are Alachua, Citrus, Colum-
bia, Duval, Gadsden, Hernando, Jackson, Jefferson, Leon, Madison, Marion and
The "blackest" counties are Leon and Jefferson, for in each the negroes out-
number the whites more than three to one.
DeSoto is the "whitest" county, having nearly atven whites to every negro.
To the People of Florida: These are the combined causes of the
In giving to the public the results of delay in making the results of the cen-
the State census taken in 1905, we desire suS public. We regret that all the coun-
to explain that the counties of Dade, ties do not appear, but we have made the
Kseambia and Orange are omitted from best effort possible under a faulty law.
the present list, because it has been im- he blank forms on which the enumer-
poesible to get the completed copies of ators listed the work are in accord with
the work in from the enumerators. We the latest modern methods in such work.
have hoped and expected to be able to The work of the enumerators was well
publish that part of the census showing and correctly performed an above stated,
the population of the State by counties with few exceptions, and these were
and the cities and towns in completed remedied. We are convinced that the
form for several months, but as the de- cenisu is a good one, as near correct
lays continue, we have concluded to as any census of the State has ever been.
make public what we have and publish no mutter by wnom taken. It shows a
the delinquent county returns when they very handsome increase in the popula-
are received. tion of the State, and in some portions
The cause of the delay in Ee-ambia the growth is phenomen l; there are
County is already well known. The some localities that express dissatisfac-
enumerator of this county has and de- tion at the results affecting them, and
serves the sympathy of every one in his in a moment of hasty zeal have charged
series of misfortunes; first, the yellow neglect of duty. etc., but that was rather
fever put a stop to his work; then, after to he expected. When people begin to
beginning again and getting well along gues" at quantities they usually add a
with it, the result of his entire work little more each time, and each succeed-
was destroyed in the big fire in Pen- ing guess is but the reflection of a hope.,
nacola, necessitating a new start from which thus becomes father to the
Se beginning; mas work is now being thought. Nothing is more natural than
copied and made ready to return to this for the people ot a community or city to
office. magnify and praise the development, re-
In the case of Orange County the sources and progrfssiveness of their peo-
enumerator had almost completed his pie anti hbality, and to this commend-
work when he became afflicted with a able spirit, the disappointment caused
malady that completely incapacitated by failure to attain their hopes and aims
him for further work; after investiga- in such cases in the more keenly felt;
tion disclosed the true cause of delay in but under (cam reflection these strenuous
this case, we are fortunately able to en- feelings usually subside.
list the services of Hlion. L. C. Massey As the work of compiling progressed
in straightening matters out, and we will have interesting details to make
through his kind and valuable aid the public from time to time. The full re-
work is being completed rapidly and will port will be made to the legislature of
soon be in this ofiLe. 1907. We will add further that in
We have been unable to get any report making the appointment of county
from Dade County yet, though we have enumerators we adopted the plan of ap-
taken up the matter with the Senator pointing those who were recommended
and Representative front that county, on for the position by the Senators and
whose recommendation the enumerator Represenatives from the several couls.-
was appointed, and we hope to have the ties. Each enumerator was required to
matter in good shape soon. subscribe to an oath before his commit.
There were also numerous delays o sion was issued, and the oath filed with
caslioned by the enumerators sending in the Secretary of State.
their returns incomplete in minor de- H. CLAY CRAWFORD
tails, such as omissions in properly fill. H ASeretAr of Sate
ing in some columns, copying or in ad- ry of State;
diUon, etc., which necesaitted ti. re B. E. M'LIN,
turn of thi work to them for correction. Commissioer of Agriculture.
CENSUS REPORT OF
Baker ...... .. .... .
Bradford .. .. .. .. ..
Brevard .. .. .... ....
Citrus.. .. .. ... .. ..
Clay.. .. .. .
Dade . .. .
DeSoto .. . ..
Gadsden .... ...
Hamilton..... .. .. .. ..
Hernando ...... ..
Hillsborough .. .. .. .
Lafayette .... ......
lA ke .. .. .. .. .. ...
. .. 9,124
.. .. 1,791
Leon ... .. ... .
Liberty ........... ...
Madison . .
Manatee ... ....
Monroe .. .. .. .. .. .
Orange .. .. .. .. .. .. .
Pasco.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ....
Polk .. ...... .....
St. Johns . .
St. Lucie .. .... .
Santa Rosa.... ... ..
Sumter ....... .. ..
uwannee ............. ..
W akulla .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
W alton . .
Washington .... .... ..
Totals.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
This total includes 26 persons of other races.
This total includes 2 persons of other races.
This total includes 33 persons of other races.
This total includes 14 persons of other races.
This total includes 1 person of other races.
This total includes 19 persons of other races.
This total includes 0 persons of other races.
This total includes 4 persons of other races.
This total includes 4 persons of other races.
This total includes 3 persons of other races.
This total contains 135 persons of other races.
Dade, Escambia and Orange Counties omitted
1 47,912 39,733
2 10,511 15,291
3 51,416 36,013
4 26,824 23,377
5 3,961 3,071
6 18,883 19,887
7 26,725 24,403
8 20,973 18,00e.
9 11,192 11,641
10 12,083 10,003
11 556,690 483,900
for reasons previously
NoTu-Brevard County was divided in 1905 to create St. Lucle County; had
it remained intact there would have been an increase of 1,498 over what now
constitutes the population of both counties. St. Lucie County was formed from
Brevard County in 1905.
CITIES AND TOWNS.
*Population of cities and towns
Population of cities and towns
and 1900. in alphabetical order:
Alachua .. .. .. ..
Anthony .. .. .. ...
Arcadia . .
Belview .. .. .. .
Blountstown.. .. ..
Bowling Green .....
Citra.. ... ......
Cbeter .... .. ...
Coco .. .. ..
Crescent City .....
Cypress.. .. .. .. ..
Dade City...... ..
Daytona Beach .....
Defnlak Springs ..
Dunnellon .. .. ...
Eau Gallie .... ...
Estero .... .. ..
Fernandina ... ....
Fort Brook ......
Fort Meade .......
Fort Pierce .......
Green Cove Spga....
High Springs ......
Hi liards.. .. .. ..
Key West .......
Live .. ...
Mayo..* .. .. ..
(Continued on next Pap)
What's Agitating the People These Days
In THE SUN recently attention was called to an
article written by Mr. Charles Francis Adams of
Boston, in which he related his observations of the
negro in Africa, and alluded to the mistakes made
by people of New England in their attempts to up-
lift the race.
The New York Sun, in editorial discussion of this
"In the resolution appropriating $0,000 for the
expenses of Massachusetts participation in the
Jamestown exposition the General Court has inoor-
porated a clause which requires that the Governor,
before he appoints the State Commission, must be
satisfied that in the exposition and its grounds all
citizens of the Commonwealth will be treated with-
out discrimination, exactly as if the exposition were
to be held in Boston itself. This provision was
adopted at the request of the negroes and the negro
sympathizers of the old Bay State. There the old
abolition spirit is undiminished. Some citizens of
Massachusetts, according to the Springfield Repub-
lican, wanted the General Court 'to insist upon equal
treatment by the Southern people outside of the
grounds of the exposition, namely, that all the laws
of Virginia which discriminate against the colored
people should be suspended by act of Legislature on
account of the presence of colored people of Massa-
chusetts, and that Virginia should guarantee that the
colored people be treated with no more difference
than they are treated within Massachusetts.'
"This is rather a large contract, even for Massa-
chusetts, and it is one not likely to be undertaken.
Meanwhile, Mr. Charles Francis Adams has been
traveling in Africa and once more has contributed
to the puble some of the impressions produced on his
sensitive, acute mind and some of the thoughts in-
spired in him by the sights he saw."
Then the Sun, reprinting the opinion of Mr.
Adams, as published in this paper, declares that
"this will not be mistaken for ante-bellum error and
cant of the New England philanthropic and theoris-
tic school. Mr. Adams further declares that after
emancipation the negro should have been treated as
a 'ward and dependant,' and not as a political equal.
Mr. Adams continues: 'Equality results not from
law, but exists because things are in essentials alike;
and a political system which works admirably when
applied to homogeneous equals results only in chaos
when generaliid into a nostrum to be administered
universally. It has been -mrkedly so of late with
"The action of the Masahusetts law-makers
comes at the very moment Mr. Adams' article is
printed. Each is the expression of a Massachusetts
opinion on a subject of the greatest and most urgent
importance. Which is eorret, Mr. Adams', unin-
fluenced by party political coUsiderations, the fruit of
personal observation and ,lol study, or that of the
aneral Court, the members of which will go before
the people this fall for vindication and re-election?"
Despite the efforts of the Administration to pre-
sent only the bright side of conditions at the Pan-
ama canal sone, much truth presenting darker fea-
tures is constantly oosing forth, and not the least
of the contributions for the enlightenment of the
people are the letters of Mr. .Wodworth Clum, rep-
resentative of the Washington' Post, who is writing
facts of the most interesting kind.
Mr. Clum accomplished & clever bit of news-
paper work in proving the correctness of his state-
ment regarding a water famine at Colon, and showing
the falsity of the denial me by Chief Engineer
Stevens, who appears to have manufactured a state-
ment to fit the occasion and discredit the newspaper
The old maxim of law, "false in part, false in
all," seems to apply with much force to the official
statements the people are given from Panama. So
much evasion and twisting of the truth has occurred
in the official reports that the public can no longer
give any of them but slight credence.
There seems to be no trouble in solving the prob-
lem of what to do with our former United States
Senators. An easy berth is found somewhere, and
the loss of the toga is recompensed by some job that,
while it may lack dignity, will carry a good salary.
Commenting on this condition the Boston Herald
"The somewhat familiar fact that a United States
Senator is generally an object of generous consider-
action at the hands of his colleagues when he retires
from that august body, whatever the shade of his
politics and whatever the cause of his retirement, is
again called to mind by a published allusion to the
eireumstance that when the Populist Senator Peffer
of Kaissa failed of re-election some eleven years ago,
his former colleagues employed him to compile a
summary of the Congressonal Record from its be-
ginning, classified by topics. Peffer has been at
work ver since and announced the other day that
he had got down as far as 1897. At this rate of
progress he ought to be through with his job in
something like fifty years, unless his labors are
sooner interrupted by his taking off. Ex-Senator
Chandler's court of claims snap is real hardship com-
pared ,with this." -
The South's industrial progress is wonderful.
The growth of population and business enterprise is
astonishing in view of the handicaps that had re-
tarded thia portion of the country.
The following figures, collected by the Manufac-
tureqrs Record, will give an idea of the extent of this
"In 1005 the South had a population of 25,000,-
000, While the rest of the country had, in 1880, 34,-
"The South, in 1905, had a railroad mileage of
60,000, while the 1880 mileage for the rest of the
country was 51,000.
"The South last year made 3,100,000 tons of pig
iron, against 4,000,000 for all the rest of the country
in 1880; mined 70,000,000, tons of coal, against 36,.
000,000; made 6,244 tons of coke, against 3,000,000;
produced 42,495,000 barrels of oil, against 26,000,000.
"The South's capital invested in cotton mills in
1905 was $2265,000,000, as against $200,000,000 in
the rest of 'the country in 18801 its annual lumber
products were $250,000,000, as against $104,000,000;
its annual farm products $1,750,000,000, as against
"These are empire-building figures," says the St.
Louis Star. "They leave no reason to doubt that in
another quarter-century tne South will be produc-.
ing as much as the rest of the country is doing to-
day. And meanwhile the rest of the country will be
growing on its own account."
(Continued from preceding page.)
CITIES AND T
Melbourne ... .. ..
Moss Bluff .......
Ocala .. .. .. .. ..
Ormond ...... ..
Orange Park .....
Perry ....... ..
Plant City .. .. ..
Port Tampa City .
Punta Gorda .....
Quincy.. ...... .
Sneads.. .. .. ....
St. Augustine ...
St. Petersburg ....
Starke.. .. .. .. ..
Tallahassee .... ..
Tarpon Springs ....
Tavares .. .. .. ..
Titusville.. .. .. ..
U. S. Reservation in
West Tampa.. .. ..
White Springs ....
Winter Haven ......
Total .. 11
*Not incorporated in
*Cities and towns of
and Orange Counties
COUNTIES SHOWING GAINS AND PER CENTAGE
(Note-Minus sign indicates decrease.)
Bradford .. .. .. .. ...
Calhoun.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Citrus . . .
Columbia ...... .. ....
Duval .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
Gadsden .. ...... ..
Hernando .. .. ........
Hillsborough .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Holmes.... .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Jackson .. .. .. .. .. .. .
Lafayette .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Lake .................. ..
Madison .. .. .. .. .. ..
Marion ....... .. ...
Monroe ........ . .
Nassau .......... ......
Osceola. .... .. .. ..
Pasco. . . .
Polk.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
St. Johns .. .. .. .. .. .. .... ..
St. Lucie-Created in 1905.
Senta Ross .. .......
Suwannee .. ...... .. ...
Taylor .. .. ... ..... .
Volusia .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Wakulla.. .. .. .. .. .. ..
GREAD CHAIN OP
5.5 Paris.-Pierre Baudin, formerly Min-
25.7 later of Public Works, thinks the thou-
13.0 sands of millions spent for French fron-
40 .0 tier fortifications from Dunkirohen to
18.5 Nice, a waste of money, and strenuously
54.7 opposes the demand of many parliamen-
0 tartans that the fortresse be rebuilt
and tearmed, making them thoroughly
S11.1 He says to your correspondent: "The
.8 g defensive has never led to warlike sue-
16.8 cesses, and fortresses are aging as quick-
14.7 ly as war vessels. Every twenty or more
18:8 ears they become obsolete and unless
they are constantly rebuilt and rearmed
33.0 are of little or no use. To rebuild and
7.0 rearm our long chain of fortresses would
4.6 be impossible. France hasn't got money
83.0 enough to do so, and if we borrowed the
9.8 money and wasted it, what would be the
18.5 use I The fate of Port Arthur shows that
14.0 no fortress can resist big guns.'
The ex-Minister calls the chain of
5.2 French fortresses between Holland, Bel-
S8 Rglum., Germany and Italy, "a Chinese
20.0 "If the Kaiser ehoosem to make war
upon us, do we propose to crawl behind
14.6 that wall and wait to be shot to pieesm?
3.8 I he has the guns to do so, and it l dan-
39.0 gerous to train an army to be on the
COUNTIES THAT SHOW LOSE OF POPULATION AND PER CENTAGE
Baker........ ........ ... 263
Brevard .. ....... ..... -943
Franklin .. .. ..... .. .15
Jefferson ................ -480
Le .. .... .. ... .. 8
Li*be ** rty.. 49
Put .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
sm .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. M
RoyalMlvra DM Not
Wallop Shop Gil
Rome.-Her Royal Highness, the Prin.
cess Elvira of Bourbon, daughter of Don
Carlos, Informs your correspondent that
'"he did not wallop the shop girl, as re-
"The girl," she says, "took from me by
force a fur garment that had been dyed
at her establishment, and in the strug-
I gle injured herself with the metal clasp.
As oon as the police learned the true
Seireustamce, I was discharged from
May 12, 1906
the Old PI
By EDWARD FITZGERALD
V. LIKE IT-""IT
// 5PWIK GLOVE
From the days of the stone age, when greetings
were exchanged by the pounding of rocks, down to
the present day, no form of gladsome meeting is
more strenuously practiced than the athletic exer-
cise of the aspirant for office.
The Eskimos rub noses, the French kiss and em-
brace, but no more affectionate mark of greeting can
be mentioned than that of the candidate, when, full
of solicitude, he effusively grasps the hand of the
voter and tenderly asks after his health and that of
his family, even to remote kinship.
It is often remarked that the office-seeker does
not bestow this intense cordiality after election, and
many persons harshly oriticise the former demonstra-
tive one, and point out that the previous good-
fellowship was instigated by selfish motives.
Wrong, and a slander of the candidate. It is a
fact, proven by scientific investigation, that the eye-
sight of a candidate becomes dimmed in studying the
election returns, and frequently his sight is not fully
restored until nearly the end of his term of office.
This is the reason why he fails to recognize many
persons he was so delighted to meet previous to elec-
Busy times now for the hand-shaking candidate,
and the humble citizen who appears in public has
no avenue of escape. Perhaps, like the worm, some
day he will turn and veil his good right hand with
a trusty converting of protection, as illustrated in
Mr. Taylor's cartoon-the spikes in the glove sink-
ing into the tender flesh of the candidate as easily
as seductive promises reel from the latter's tongue.
The seed is nearly planted in the minds of the
voters, and the harvest of the offices is near at hand.
But few days to lapse apd the first shaking of the
plum tree will occur, and then will be heard the usual
chorus of the successful ones, who "expected it," and
the doleful wail of those who also ran, bitterly ex-
plaining how it happened.
Now is the time when the campaign liar maketh
merry and the political falsehood is abroad in the
land. Each community has its own fabrications in
circulation--a spice that seasons the campaign.
Fleet is the movement of the campaign lie, and
though denial he uttered ever so promptly it can
never overtake the former, as many a candidate has
learned to his sorrow, when trying to cut short the
life of a roorbach.
About sixty years ago a writer of monumental
but plausible lies in the Albany (N. Y.) Journal
signed his letters "Baron Roorbach." There was no
such baron, neither was there a man named Roor-
bach, but the absolute falsity of the writer's state-
ments were such that a "roorbach" became a
synonym for any kind of a lie, especially for the kind
against personal character, suddenly issued against
a man for his political injury when he could not meet
it in time to avert the harm.
The crop of Legislative timber offered the people
of Florida this year is large and full of good ma-
terial, and it's up to the public to make the proper
selection. Naturally there is much that is worm-
eaten and unfit, but judicious selection will cast out
the culls and the rotten.
Here is the opportunity to test the benefits de-
clared to be a feature of the primary law, and pick
the candidate who is considered the best fitted and
of the best character that the Legislature may be a
representative body of men.
A Legislature is typical of the people who elect
it. If it is sturdy, well-balanced and possessed of
the desire to serve the public interest alone, then it
is because the people themselves exercised rightful
care in its making. When, however, a Legislature
is corrupt or incapable of performing its duties in
a proper and intelligent manner, the people are to
blame. While such a Legislature should be con.
demned, yet all the criticism should not be launched
at it, but the people who were responsible for its
being are more deserving of censure.
It is an easy matter to avoid choosing an incom-
petent Legislature for the next session, however.
Many of the brightest and best men in Florida are
candidates for both branches, and the number is so
large that if the people but partially do their duty at
the polls the best will be in sufficient majority to
check those who may slip in because of carelessness
or ignorance on the part of electors.
In one Senatorial district-the Second-there is
no struggle for the office. John S. Beard has no
opposition, and is therefore enabled to look after
other campaign matters without prejudice to his
own cause. --
The following, from London Answers. is apt illus-
tration of the condition of mind 6f many Florida
candidates this week: "Mr. Smuggs, ex-M. P. for
the %Iest Division of Mudbery, was downcast. Ten
minutes before the figures of the voting had been
announced, and the crushing fact that his county
had decided to do without him by a majority of 951
had been gently broken to him. Of course, he had
congratulated the victor, and he was now upon his
"'Nine fifty-one.' he murmured as he went-'951,
the idiots-the idiots!'
"By-and-by he arrived at the railway station.
"'Ah, what time does the next train leave for
civilization-I mean Westhampton?' he asked.
"'Nine fifty-one,' said the porter.
"'G-r-r-r-hi' he growled savagely. 'Confound
you and your railway! I'll never patronize it again.
County divisions and redistricting of the State
will be matters demanding much attention at the
next session. Holmes County has a strong division
element to join the ranks of those who wish to split
Hillsborough, DeSoto and Polk. The attempt to cre-
ate division sentiment in Dade County seems to have
died from lack of nourishment.
Local affairs in Tampa cause the politicians of
that lively city to neglect the greater campaign, and
the municipal contest is becoming so heated that even
Bob McNamee has thrown awayhis overcoat. Frank
C. Bowyer and A. W. Cuscaden are fighting it out for
the office of Mayor, and if there is anything in the
past of either that the public should know it will
not be through neglect of the Tampa papers to give
Win. A. Russell, editor of the Palatka News, who
is a candidate for the Legislature from Putnam
County. has one plank in his platform that will
doubtless contribute greatly to the suoewss of his
race and at the same time win commendation for
him from the people of Florida.
It is a plea for reform in the pension law, and
he nays: "I am in favor of liberal pensions for
Confederate veterans, but I would take from the
present pension law that part which requires an old
Confederate veteran to humiliate himself by plead-
ing the pauper in order to get his little stipend. The
Confederate veteran came to the defense of his State
when it needed men, and it would be the act of a
patriotic people, now that he is old and tottering to
the grave, to pension him as his right. To humili-
ate him by requiring him to plead the pauper is a
disgrace to the State that accepted his service in
the hour of its need."
John P. Wall has emerged from his retreat at
Putnam Hall, and fired with the desire of 'rcon'ting
the "watch dog" of the Senate, will attempt to defeat
Senator E. S. Crill for re-election. A worthy ambi-
tion, but one that will hardly be realized if predict.
tion of the result as made on the basis of euteera
in which Dr. Crill is held by his constituents
The race for Railroad Commissioners carries no
spectacular display, the efforts of the candidates con-
sisting solely of persistent application to the people
for support. The public has been well Informed of
the qualifications of each, and has been given every
opportunity to judge of the merits of all.
In the dissemination of information that has
touched the public pulse that offered by Appleyard
appears to have placed him in a favorable position
for gaining victory.
General Bailey has also created a favorable im-
pression throughout the State, while Blitch, too, has
been active. Burr has made a few speeches, but his
chief card has been publication of an article oppoe-
May 12, 1906
John Henry on Amateur Photography
By GORGI V. HOBART
Peaches, my wife, acquired the ama* every dearly beloved friend that crosses distress to soms spirits of turpentine I was quite agreeably surprised.
tour photography bug last week, and it your pathway. which was burning on the top of her "It'a immensely" I shou.d. "It's the
was really surprising how quickly she My wife elected a spare room on the right eyebrow. real thing, all right t.his Is eesl
laid the foundation of a domestic top floqr where she could await develop- Something dark and lingering like I suppose it is called Moonlight On
rogues' gallery. ments. iodine had given her chin the double Lake Champlain? Did this one come
She bought a camera and went after A half hour later ghostly noises began croes and her apron looked like the rem- with the camera or did you draw it from
everybody and everything in the neigh. to come from that room and mysterious nants of a porous plaster. memory?"
borhood. whisperings fell out of the window and Her right hand had red, white, green, "The idea of such a thing," my wife
She took about 8,000,000 views of our bumped over the lawn. purple and magenta marks all over it, snapped; "can't you see that you're
country home before she discovered that When I reached the front door I found and her left hand looked like the Fourth holn the picture the wrong way.
the camera wasn't loaded properly, that the gardener had left, the waitress of July. Turn it around and you will see your-
which was tough on Peaches but good was leaving, the baby had discharged "John I" she yelled "here it is My self and little Peaches."
for the bungalow, the nurse, and the nurse was telephon- goodness, I am so excited! See what a I gave the thing another turn.
Like everything else in this world pic ing for a policeman. fine picture of you I took I" "Gee whisk I said, "now I have It!
ture pinching from still life depends en- "Where is Mrs. Henry?" I asked She handed me the picture, but all Oh, the limit! You wished to surprise
tirely on the point of view. Mary, the nurse. I could see was a woodshed with the me with a picture of the sunset at Gouv-
If your point of view is all right it's "She is still developing," said Mary. door wide open. ernor's island. How lovely it is. See,
an easy matter to make a four-dollar "What has she developed?" I inquired. !'A good picture of the woodshed," I over here in this corner there's a bunch
doghouse look like the villa of a Wall "Up to the present time she has de- said; "but whose woodshed is it?" of soldiers listening to what's cooking
Street broker at Newport. veloped the cook's temper, and a couple "A woodshed!" exclaimed my wife; for supper, and over here is the amoke
Ten minutes after my wife had of bill collectors developed a pain in "why, that is your face, John. And from the gun that sets the sun-I
brought the camera home she had me the neck when they couldn't se her; where you think the door is open is only like it!l
set up as a statue all over the lawn, and and if things go on in this way I think your mouth I" Then my wife grabbed the picture out
she was snapping at me like a spits dog. this will soon develop into a foolish I looked crestfallen and then I looked of my hands and burst into speech.
gie at a peddler, house!" said Mary, the nurse. at the picture gain, but my better na- When the exercises were over I in.
I sat for 219 pictures that forenoon, A half hour later while I was hiding ture asserted itself and I made no at- quired, casually: "Where, my dear,
so I suppose if she snapped like a spits under the hammock on the front porch, tempt to strike this defenseless woman, where are the other 21,219 pictures you
I must have looked like a setter. not daring to breathe above a whisper Then she handed me another picture snapped today ?"
Anyway, before I was through set. for fear I would get my picture taken and said: "John, here is one I took of "Only these two came out good be-
ting I felt like a hen, but when she again, my wife rushed out exclaiming: you and little Peaches!" cause, don't you see, I'm an amateur
tried to coax me to climb up on a limb "Oh, oyl Oh, joyl John, I have devel- Little Peaches is the name of our yet," was her come back.
of a tree and stay there till she got a hoped l wo pictures" bab We call her little Peanes because Then she looked lov, the result
picture of me looking like an owl, I I wish ou could have seen the express. that's what she is. Then she ,looked lo; viy the reul
swore softly in three languages, fell over sion on Peaches' face. I looked at the picture and then I said of her day's work an oeg.n to pol
the back fence and ran for my life. In order to develop the films a pietur- to big Peaches: "All I can see is Theo- some bicarbonate of magnesia off her
When I rubbershoed it back that after- esque assortment of drugs and chemicals dore, our colored gardener, walking knuckles with the nut cracker.
noon my wife was busy developing her have to be used. across lots with a sack of flour on his "Only two out of 21,210-I think you
crimes. Well, my wife had used them. back!" ought to call it a long shot instead of a
The proper and up-to-date caper in A silent little stream of wood alcohol "John, you are so stupid," said my snap shot," I whispered, after I had
connection with taking snap shots these was trickling down over her left ear wife. "How can you expect to see what dodged behind a tree on the lawn.
days is to buy a developing outfit and into her Psyche knot, and on the end of it is when you are holding the picture She went in the house without saying
upset the household from pit to dome her nose about six grains of bichloride upside down?" a word and I took out my pocketbook
while you are squeezing out pictures of of potash was sending out signals of I turned the picture around, and then and looked at it wistfully.
When Will Power and Love Cured Consumption
Paris.-For the benefit of sufferers
I will tell the story of how a young girl
with but one lung, and that affected by
consumption, a girl who lost two sisters
by consumption and herself was with one
foot in the grave when she married, how
this girl by sheer will-power and ath-
letics arrested the disease, brought forth
healthful children and did not infect her
I have this story from a friend, a
noted authority on consumption in Paris,
and it should be read by all sufferers
and by parents of growing children. The
story is given in the doctor's own words:
THE DOCTOR'S STORY.
"When I visited my old college chum,
Dr. X. Y., who lives in a London suburb,
I noticed with sadness that his third
daughter, a girl of 19, was already af.
fected by the illness that killed her two
elder sisters. She was tall, pretty, lithe
and rosy complexioned. She had big,
blue eyes, eyes bespeaking a passionate
temperament-eyes too big for a healthy
person. Ada was betrothed to a young
civil engineer, an all around sport, whose
special craze was bicycling, tandem-rid-
ing. After supper Ada whispered to me
that she would meet ife at her father's
office when the old doctor had retired.
'I want your medical advice,' she said.
"She came to the office in an undrew,
ready for the minutest examination.
'You know that my two older sisters
died of consumption,' she said, 'and I
am afraid that I have contracted the dis-
ease. But John won't see it, and I am
too much in love with him to tell him.
Like John I am addicted to sport, espe-
cially bicycling and oaring. Now, dur-
ing the last years of their lives, Besslie
and Mary were forbidden any and every
muscular exercise, such as sport requires.
If I were to be similarly restricted, I
would rather commit suicide than marry
John, much as I love him, for if John
were united to a woman condemned to In-
action he would be the unhappiest of
human beings. I don't want to ask
father to examine me, it would make him
too sad. Hence I appeal to you.'
"I examined the girl thoroughly, and
did not hesitate to tell her the truth,
the whole truth. 'There is hope,' ,I said,
'a little hope. One lung is almost in-
tact. It needs constant care.'
"Ada thought a while. 'If I marry
John, go soaring, bicycling, etc., will I
risk my life?'
"You risk a hemorrhage, a sudden loss
of strength from which you cannot re-
"Ada extended a narrow, thin, pale
hand, the well-groomed nails of which
seemed to be detached from the flesh.
"'I thank you,' she said, 'let this be
"A week later, as I took leave from
her, she said: 'I have decided to marry
John, and to indulge in all the sports
he likes. Suppose have a hemorrhage
-it will be all over in a few days or
weeks, and John won't be obliged to
have a mummy in his house for ever so
Wnen the doctor paused I said: "Well,
I suppose you met Ada and John again,
and today Ada is in blooming good
health, while the husband is with one
foot in the grave?"
"That would be the way of the novel-
ist," replied the doctor. "I am talking
facts, and these facts are as follows:
It's now four years that I warned Ads.
For three Christmases I received cards
from her with the legend: 'Still riding
the tandem.' Last Christma I did not
hear from her and thought to myself:
'Poor girl, I suppose she is dead or
dying.' But the other day Ada walked
into my office lithe, pink and white like
on the first day when I met her.
"'What do you think of me?' she
asked. 'Tell me quick before John comes
up. He is busy with the tandem down-
"I said, 'Incredible. You defy all
medical precedents,' and I meant It.
"To look at her, Ada was not the pic-
ture of health, neither did she appear
delicate. I had a thorough medical ex.
amination. The useful lung was still
affected by tuberculosis, but the dread
disease had not advanced a bit, it had
become absolutely stationary.
HAPPINESS WORKED WONDERS.
"'You see,' she said, 'it's happiness
that saved my life, that is keeping me
alive, that is preventing the growth of
the illness. When I left father's office
after your examination, I made up my
mind to live for John and with him, and
here I am. I' am so busy sporting with
him, enjoying life with him, that the
illness has no time to progress.'
"At that moment John came in, the
picture of robust health. 'We have
three little ones,' said Ads, and showed
their pictures, fine big children."
The doctor concluded: "I wrote out
the medical data of the case for experts
in the line of consumption. All call it
the most extraordinary ease. The dis-
armament of consumption in a girl so
eminently disposed to it. Ada wants to
live, her will to live rime, superior to
the exactions of the disease. She can't
expel it, but she forstalls its ravages.
Saturday, May 12, 1906
A Political Resume.
In discussing the qualifications of the various candidates offering for public
office at the coming primary we have endeavored to exercise our prerogative as
a public journal and to discharge our duty as it is made plain to ui, by indi-
cating as far as we are able those candidates WHO ARE BEST FITTED to serve
We have done this without prejudice and without malice.
We have not allowed the personal feeling of any one connected with this
journal to influence the judgment of the writer of these comments.
We have avoided making harsh criticisms or bringing charges which would
tend to disgrace any candidate, where the other reasons were sufficient to influ-
ence enough voters to insure the rejection of those whom we consider, and
against whom we brought SUFFICIENT EVIDENCE TO PROVE, were not the
best servants obtainable.
With this preface, which we hope will tend to sooth any bitterness of spirit
that may have been engendered in the breasts of candidates who we l.ave not
favored, and realizing that this is the last opportunity we will have to impress
the voters, we make a general round-up of the political situation.
We call attention to the cartoon on the front page of this issue, and desire
that this cartoon shall be considered a part of this editorial.
A voter going into the election booth with his conscience, his pencil and his
knife, is prepared to exercise his right to choose without any influence whatever
being brought to bear to direct his choice.
He should allow his conscience alone to influence his choice.
He should use his pencil to mark the good men. He should use his knife to
cut out the bad men.
The dummy ballot which we present on the front page is one that can be
voted without running any risk of doing wrong or making a mistake, and a man
marking his ballot as indicated by our dummy ballot can face his Maker, his
neighbors and his family with head erect and conscience unassailed by any
stings of wrong doing.
We earnestly recommend our dummy ballot to every voter in this State.
We offer it as a safe anchor.
We have said that Thomas J. Appleyard and Edward B. Bailey are the best
men qualified to hold the office of Railroad Commissioner.
We have given reasons for this in two previous issues, and a careful going
over of these reasons CONFIRMS US IN OUR CHOICE.
The principal benefit which a Railroad Commission can do for Florida lies in
the line of arbitration. The Railroad Commission can accomplish the BEST
WORK for the people if it acts as an arbitrator between the railroads and the
An overwhelming percentage of the business of the State is moved inter-
state. This business the Florida Railroad Commission cannot control. Cheap
rates on Florida products to outside markets is what the people need.
It is these rates which MAKE OR RUIN THE PRODUCER.
A Commission composed of men with minds sufficiently broad to prompt them
TO TREAT THE RAILROADS FAIRLY, and without an unreasonable prejudice
against the railroads prompting them to see nothing good in them, can do a great
deal towards adjusting these rates.
We believe that Messrs. Appleyard and Bailey have the necessary broadness
of mind and the absence of prejudice to prompt them to adopt this course.
In the case of Mr. Burr THERE IS NO DOUBT WHATEVER.
lie is NOT INCLINED to be fair to the railroads.
Hle made his first race for the Railroad Commission as the anti-railroad can-
didate. lie has been heralded by his supporters in the press as the man who
"would give the railroads hell."
Like the Irishman at the Donnybrook Fair, who, whenever lie saw a head,
hit it; so Mr. Burr, wheiuver he sees a railroad he WANTS TO JUMP ON IT,
without pausing to consider whether his act would benefit the people or not.
We have had no opportunity of judging of what Mr. Blitch would do as a
Railroad Commissioner, but we do know that his course in the State Legislature
has been along the lines laid down and so persistently followed by Mr. Burr.
The result of having Mr. Burr as a Railroad Commissioner has been that the
railroads stand on their legal rights and do nothing through the Commission
that they are not required to do by law.
We think this condition would be intensified by having Mr. Blitch. which
would give THE BURR VIEW A MAJORITY ON THE BOARD.
A fair line of policy by the Commission will bring about a better feeling
between the railroads and the Commission, and would enable the Commission to
be of more benefit, by gaining advantages through friendly abritration which
the courts will not allow it to gain by force.
Railroads will stand A CERTAIN AMOUNT of jamming, but a continuedl
course of thin treatment will cause them to resist, and they have demonstrated
that they can St'CC('ESSFULLY RESIST in many cases by appealing to the
No greater proof of this is needed than a citation of the success that the
railroad companies have had in resisting the ill-advised orders of the Commission.
On October 1, 1902, when Mr. Burr went on the Commission, there was not
a lawsuit pending between the Commission and the railroads. Sinoe then there
have been a great many, CONDUCTED AT GREAT COST TO THE STATE, and
ONLY TWO-have been decided by the courts of lat resort, and these two d ci.-
ions WERE AGAINST THE COMMISSION.
The sooner the Commission is composed of men who will act as reasonable
business men, fair to the people and also fair to the railroads, the sooner will the
people get the FULL BEIETIT from the Railroad Commission.
Damning the railroads is a good way to make political capital, and Mr. Burr
is very fond of this way of doing, but it is not the best way to get substantial
relief from the improper exactions of the railroads through the acts of the Rail.
THE JUSTICES OF THE SUPREME COURT.
There is no man in the whole State of Florida for whom we have a higher
regard and respect than for Mr. Thomas L. Clarke of Jefferson County, who is a
candidate for Justice of the Supreme Court.
He is possessed of unusual vigor of intellect, and for legal knowledge he is
justly famed. His long experience as a practitioner at the bar fits him to hold
any position of a judiciary character to which he might aspire, and we should
be very glad to see Mr. Clarke occupying a place on the Supreme Bench.
But everything we have said about Mr. Clarke APPLIES WITH EQUAL
*FORCE to Messrs. Whitfleld and Parkhill, who seek another term.
These men possess the necessary mental endowment, sufficient legal knowl-
edge and enough experience to fit them to serve the people well.
In addition to this, their record has shown them to be possessed of unusual
industry and energy.
With the able co-operation of the other members of this court they have
cleared the docket and have placed the Supreme Court of Florida in the position
of bein able to give final adjudication to the people's businese-SPEEDILY.
Both Messrs. Whitfield and Parkhill are now serving short terms.
Neither has had a full six years.
We think that their public service deserves the reward which the people
should be ever ready to bestow upon servants who have done well.
It is to be regretted that there are not three positions to be filled on the
Supreme Bench, so that all three of the gentlemen offering could be secured to the
State, but as there are only two, and as Messrs. Parkhill and Whitfield are the
most deserving, we hope the people will re-elect them.
THE CONGRESSMAN FROM THE THIRD DISTRICT.
Indications point overwhelmingly and unmistakably to Congressman
Lamar's election as Representative of the Third Congressional district in Con-
We congratulate the people of Florida that this is so. We have shared with
Suurey, May 12, 1906
a large majority of the people of the Third Cogressio distri the o pt
Mr. Jefferson D. Stevens of Jackson County was NOT ENTITLED TO 8ISKU
CONSIDERATION as a factor in this race.
Mr. Stevens is young. If he wishes to serve the peopl in this h w p-
there are many years before him in which he ean study to perfect himself n the
necessary knowledge which he now lacks. ... .
We should be glad to know that any man possessed of Mr. Stevens *levatd
ambition could and would see the necessity of that course of study, and by Mehis
diligence fit himself to properly serve the people. .
In the meantime, while Mr. Stevens pursues his studies Mr. lamar will,
WITH DISTINGUISHED ABILITY, serve the people in the national legislature.
A Banquet Spread.
We had no thought of the exhilarating handclap when we decided to choose
the best men and advocate their selection in the primary.
Our fancy did not roam to that joyful moment when approval, plainly
expressed, lifts the soul of the recipient to heights not reached by material things.
We conceived it to be our duty as a public journal to inform the people about
the men who desired to serve them-to declare a man unworthy whose record
showed him to be unworthy, and to commend those whose good records proclaimed
As we have said, we were not looking for any commqmdption of our course.
We did not think it particularly noteworthy to espouse the good cause and to
turn our backs on the bad cause.
But the commendation has reached us--
And we are unfeignedly thankful.
Letters from all sections of the State-from people we know, an4 from people
we do not know, have been coming to us all this week.
These letters are alike in substance though
They kll say-"Well done"-"Glad you
different in form.
thanks for the position you have taken."
We have also received the direct word of praise from many people whom we
have personally met.
It is pleasant to do one's duty-
But to do one's duty and get thanked for it-
Well-this is PREDIGEUrED soul food, and we invite our friends to par*
take, in spirit, of the delightful repast spread before us.
Last Call for State Senator.
Fortified by the expressions of people whose opinions are good on political
situations, we are strong in hope and are buoyed up by the conviction that H. H.
Buokman WILL BE ELECTED TO THE STATE SENATE FROM THIS COUNTY
BY A LARGE MAJORITY.
This pleases us, because Mr. uckmen is admirably adapted to discharge
the important duties of that position.
It pleases us again because we regard it as a favorable sign of awakening by
the people to the importance of sending THE BEST MEN OBTAINABLE to the
It pleases us again because it indicates that scheming politicians are no
longer able TO PICK A MAN OF STRAW and foist him upon the people. It
pleasus us because we will have representing this county in the State Sente a
man who is his OWN MAN, instead of a man WHO IS ANOTHER MAN'S MAN.
But the battle has not yet been fought, and the indications of a victory are
never as certain as the victory itself.
We therefore urge all of the electors in this county to get hold of the handle
of the broom which Artist Taylor shows in the cartoon on this page, and make
a clean sweep of the debris composed of Murdoch Barre, John Stockton and their
men of straw, Baker and Earle, and all others like them.
A significant and hopeful sign it is, that in this candidacy of Mr. Baker he
seems to be abandoned by the big men of his faction.
John N. 0. Stockton and Murdook Barrn, who delight to get into a fight of
this kind, HAVE SIDJafTEl'PED MR. BAKER as a candidate, after they suo-
oeeded in getting him to run.
We find as campaign manager for Mr. Baker one Earle, who has never before
risen above the small doings of ward politics, and who can be justly termed good.
natured Earle, loyal Earle, faithful Earle, hard-working Earle, but thete his
biographer will be OBLIGED TO STOP in his enumeration of the good qualities
of Earle as a man to lead the people, for want of material.
We have heard that the good people of Mayport very seriously embarrassed
Mr. Baker the other night when he was making a political speeh, by asking him
about Wetmore, the negro Councilman from the Sixth ward, who MR. BAKER
HAS ALLOWED TO APPEAR in the role of leader of the Council.
MR. BAKER CANNOT ESCAPE FROM WETMORE.
Like Banquo's ghost, the dark shape of Wetmore will dog his steps in the
WHITE DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY and cause his hair to stand on end when his
political eyes look upon this horrible spectres.
He is not responsible for Wetmore, but he IS RESPONSIBLE for Wetmore's
arrogance and impudence in the City Council.
As President of the Council it was entirely within his power to have
squelched this SELF-ASSERTING nigger.
It is futile for him to say that Wetmore was elected by the people o1. the
Sixth ward as their representative, and was therefore ENTITLED TO CON-
SIDERATION. He might have been LEGALLY entitled to it; but, it is a new
thing in the history of politics in the South when a LEGAL RIGHT has allowed
a negro to assert himself to the annoyance of white men.
Wetmore has done this and more.
By his unparalleled Impudence he has put his big mouth in everything that
has come up for consideration In the Council.
He would have been permitted to represent the Sixth ward without objection,
but he has assumed to represent all the other wards on all questions.
He has prevented the white men in the Council from discussing questions at
length as they should be discussed, because white men do not wish to argue with
And W. H. Baker has sat, gavel in hand, and suffered this objectionable
mulatto to annoy all the white men in the Council.
He could have squelched Wetmore by main strength and awkwardness and
let the legal right be contended for by Wetmore in the courts.
A Little Forecastng.
We have observed that the opponents of the Everglades drainage pan have
been quite busy of late in getting out reams of literature, putting forth oceans
of spoken words and covering miles of territory by traveling rep entatives; all
of which are directed to the discomfiture of those who have dared to carry out the
people's expressed will in favor of this great undertaking.
Far be it from us to say that we are able to cope with this great aggregation
of talent, but we have done a little thinking and we have been digging upsome
facts and have been mixing with the people, and we promise all who may be con.
cerned-and this includes all who live n lorida-that as soon as the primary
is over we will have something more to a about Everglades drainage.
We have sidetracked this question [or the last three weeks because we
thought that the selection of the best public servants in the approaching primary
was of more importance than any other subject.
As this is our last issue before the date set for the primary we epet In
subsequent issue to do, in 'humble way, all that we can to put the people in
posession of CORRECT I.N1RMATION on the great question of the drainage
and reclamation of the Eerglades.
6dltorials the Pople
Editor Sun, Jacksonville, Fla.s
Dear 8ir-I see in the last week's SUN where you spoke of the candidates
from Hamilton County for the lnsoue of Representatives, you warned the eople
of said county to kep Mr. Marion at home, but you coul not say wheh fhise
opponents to select. I know very little about Mr. Marion. I have heard of him
anda probably spoken to him, but it was when he was using "elbow grease" for
But I do know Mr. J. P. MoAlpin, and the voters of Hamilton could not
select a better man as far as honesty goes. Mr. MoAlpIl may not be a ily
educated man., In fact he is what you might calla f.made an, but not .CeV
stamp that ersists no bell ru tIow t wn true e sa is usgesfn
farmer and ha had some goodbusues exMrience to help him, and if the voters
decide to send him to Talhassee he will work for aitests of the people
sad no one "set" of the people.
I my the above fom an entily disntereted standpol, a ly
objt is to thatTe MeAl ety kawn. I wish to see
the best man elected from every ImResp tfU %" C w l WART.
96 1 .410
May 12, 1906
The Czar 's Spy Chevalier William Le ueu
"I did not," I protested. "I am here
to demand satisfaction on behalf of Miss
"Ohl-well, if the lady cares to come
bre herself, I will give her the satis-
faction she desires," was his crafty re-
"The lady has escaped you, and it is
therefore hardly likely she will willingly
return to Helsinfors," I said.
"It was you who suieeded, by throw-
ing the guard into the water, in abduct-
ing her from the castle," he remarked.
"but," he added, sneeringly, with a sinis-
ter smile. "I presume your gallantry was
prompted by affection-eh?"
"That is my own affair."
"A deaf and dumb woman is surely
not a very cheerful companion I" ,,
"And who caused her that affliction?"
I cried hotly. "When she was at Chich-
ester she possessed speech and hearing
as other girls. Indeed, she was not
afflicted when on board the Lola in Leg-
horn harbor only a few months ago. Per-
haps you recollect the narrow escape the
yacht had on the Meloria sands?"
ill eea met mine, and I saw by his
drawn ioe and narrow brows that my
words were causing him the utmost con-
sternation. My object, was to make him
believe that I knew more than I really
did-to hold him in fear, in fact.
"Perhaps the roman whom some know
as Hornby, or Woodroffe, could tell an
interesting story," I went on. "He will,
sm doubt, when he meets Elma Heath,
and finds the terrible affliction of which
she has been the victim."
His thin, bony countenance was blgod-
lees, his mouth twitched and his gray
brows contracted quickly.
"I haven't the least idea what you
mean, my dear sir," he stammered. "All
that you sayis entirely enigmatical to
me. What have I to do with this mad
"Send out this man," I said, pointing
to the detective Malkoff, who had ap-
peared from behind the paneling of the
audience chamber. "Send him out, and
I will tell you."
But the representative of the Czar, al-
ways as much in dread of assassination
as his imperial master, refused. I saw
that what I had said had upset him, and
that he was not at all clear is to how
much more or how little of the true fatts
The connection between the little min-
iature cross of the Order of St. Anne
and that red and yellow ribbon in his
button-hole struck me forcibly at that
moment, and I said:
"I have no desire to make statements
before a. second person. I came here to
se you privately, and in private will I
speaX. I have certain information that
will, I fed confident, be of the utmost
interest to you-concerning another wo-
man, Armdl Santini."
His lips were pressed together, and I
noticed how he started when I uttered
the name of that woman whom I had
found dead in Rannooh Wood, and whose
body had so mysteriously disappeared.
"And what on earth can the woman
concern me?" he asked, with a brave at.
tempt to remain cool, still speaking in
"Only that you knew her," was my
brief reply. Then, with my eyes still
fixed upon his, I asked: I"Will you not
now request this gentleman to retire ?"
He hesitated a moment, and then with
a wave of his hand dismissed the man
he had summoned to his aid. A mo
nment later the "Strangler's" personal
protector had disappeared through that
wcret door in the paneling by which he
"Well?" asked the Baron, turning
quickly to me again, his dark, evil eyes
trying to fathom my intentions.
"Well?" I asked. "And what, pray,
can you profit by denouncing me as an
assassin? Remember, Baron, that your
secret is mine," 1 said in a clear voice
full of meaning.
"And your intention is blackmail-
oht" he snapped, walking to the window
at back again. "How much do you
"My intention is nothing of the kind.
M object is to avenge the outrageous
injury to Elma Heath."
"Of course. That is only natural,
m'sieur, if you have fallen in love with
her," he said. "But are not your inten-
tions somewhat ill-advised considering
her position as a criminal lunatic?"
"She is neither," I protested quickly.
"Very well. You know better than
myself," he laughed. "The offense for
which she was condemned to confine-
ment in a fortress was the attempted
assassination of Madame Vakuroff, wife
of the general commanding the Uleaborg
"Assassination!" I cried. "Have you
actually sent her to prison as a mur-
"I have not. The Criminal Court of
Abo did so," lie said dryly. "The offense
has since been proved to have been the
outcome of a political conspiracy, and
the Minister of the Interior in Peters-
burg last week signed an order for the
prisoner's transportation to the island
"Ah!" I remarked, with set teeth.
6"Because you fear lest she shall write
"You are insulting! You evidently
do not know what you are saying," he
"I know what I am saying quite well.
You have requested her removal to Sag-
italien in order that the truth shall be
never known. But Baron Oberg," I
idded with mock politeness, "you may
lo as you will, you may send Elma Heath
to her grave, you may hold me prisoner
if you dare, but there are still witnesses
if your crime that will rise against
In an instant he went ghastly pale,
and I knew that my blind shot had
truck its mark. The man before me
was guilty of some crime, but what it
was only Elma herself could tell. That
he had had her arrested for an attempted
political assassination only showed how
ingeniously and craftily the heartless
ruler of that ruined country had laid his
plans. Hlie feared Elma, and therefore
had conspired to have her sent out to
that dismal penal island in the far-off
"You do not fear arrest, m'sieur?" he
,isked, as though with some surprise.
"Not in the least-at least, not arrest
by you. You may be the representative
of the Emperor in Finland, but even here
there is justice for the innocent."
A sinister smile played around the
thin, gray lips of the man whose very
name was hated through the great em-
pire of the Czar, and was synonymous
of qppression, injustice, and heartless
"All I can repeat," he said, "is that if
you bring the young Englishwoman here
I shall be quite prepared to hear her ap-
peal." And he laughed harshly.
"You ask that because you know it is
impossible," I said, whereat he again
laughed in my face-a laugh which made
me wonder whether Elma had not al-
ready fallen into his hands. The un-
certainty of her fate held me in terrible
"I merely wish to impress upon you
the fact that I have not the slightest in-
terest whatsoever in the person in ques-
tion," he said coldly. "You seem to
have formed some romantic attachment
towards this young woman who at-
tempted to poison Madame Vakuroff,
and to have succeeded in rescuing her
from Kajana. You afterwards disregard
the fact that you are liable to a long
term of imprisonment yourself, and ac-
tually have the audacity to seek audience
of me and make all sorts of hints and
suggestions that I have held the woman
a prisoner for my own ends !"
"Not only do I repeat that, Baron
Oberg," I said quickly. "But I also al-
lege that it was at your instigation that
in Siena an operation was performed
upon the unfortunate girl which deprived
her of speech and hearing."
"At my instigation?"
"Yes, at yours!t"
Hle laughed again, but uneasily, a
forced laugh, and leaned against the edge
of the big writing table near the win-
"Well, what next" he inquired, pre-
tending to be interested in my allega-
tions. "What do you want of met"
"I desire you to give the Mademoiselle
Heath her complete freedom," I said.
"Is that all ?
"All-for the present."
"But her future is not in my hands.
The Minister in Petersburg has decreed
her removal to Saghalien as a person
dangerous to the State."
"Which means that she will be ill-
treated-knouted to death, perhaps."
"We do not use the knout in the Rus.
sian prisons nowadays," he said briefly.
"His Majesty has decreed its abolition."
"But you adopt torture in Kajana and
"My time is too limited to discuss our
penal system, m'sieur," he exclaimed im-
patiently, while I could well see that he
was anxious to escape before I made any
further charges against him. I had al-
ready shown him that Elma had spoken,
and he feared that she had told the
truth. While this would embitter him
against her and cause him to seek to
silence her at all hazards, it was of
course in my own interests that he
should fear any revelations that I might
"You have posed in England as the
uncle of Elma Heath, and yet you here
hold her prisoner. For what reason?"
"She is held prisoner by the State-
for conspiracy against Russian rule-not
by herself personally."
"Who enticed her here? Why, you,
yourself. Who conspired to throw the
guilt of this attempted murder of the
general's wife upon her? You-you,
the man whom they call 'The Strangler
of Finland!' But I will avenge the cruel
and abominable affliction you have
placed upon her. Her secret-your se-
cret, Baron Oberg-shall be published to
the world. You are her enemy-and
"Very well," he growled between his
teeth, advancing towards me threaten-
ingly, his fists clenched in his rage.
"Recollect, m'sieur, that you have in-
sulted me. Recollect that I am Gover-
nor General of Finland."
"If you were Czar himself, I should
not hesitate to denounce you as the ty-
rant and mutilator of a poor defense-
"And to whom, pray, will you tell this
romantic story of yours ?" he laughed
harshly. "To your prison walls below
the lake at Kajana. Yes, M'sieur Gregg,
you will go there, and once within the
fortress you shall never see the light of
day. You threaten me-the Governor
General of Finland!" he laughed in a
strange, high-pitched key as he threw
himself into a chair and scribbled some.
thing rapidly upon paler, appending his
signature in his small crabbed hand-
"I do not threaten," I said in open de-
fiance, "I shall act."
"And so shall I," he said with an evil
grin upon his bony face as he blotted
what he had written and took it up,
adding: "In the darkness and silence
of your living tomb, you can tell what-
ever strange stories you like concerning
me. They are used to idiots where you
are going," he added grimly.
"Oh! and where am I going "
"Back to Kanaja. This order con-
signs you to confinement there as a dan-
gerous political conspirator, as one who
had threatened me-it consigns you to
the cells below the lake-for lifel "
I laughed aloud, and my hand sought
my wallet wherein was that all-powerful
document-the order of the Emperor
which gave me, as an imperial guest, im-
munity from arrest. I would produce it
as my trump-card.
Next second, however, I held my
breath, and I think I must have turned
pale. My pocket was empty! M wal-
let had been stolen! Entirely an help-
lessly I had fallen into the hands of the
tyrant of the Czar.
His own personal interest would be to
consign me to a living tomb in that grim
fortress of Kanaja, the horrors of which
were uuspeakable. I had seen enough
during my inspection of the Russian
prisons as a journalist to know that
there, in strangled Finland, I should not
be treated with the ame onideration or
humanity as in Petersburg of Warsaw.
The Governor General consigned me to
Kanaja as a "political," which was
synonymous with a sentence of death in
those damp, dark oubliettes beneath the
water-dungeons every whit as awful as
those of the Paris bastile.
We faced each other, and I looked
straight into his gray, bony face, and
answered in a tone of defiance:
"You are Governor General, it is true,
but you will, I think, reflect before you
consign me, an Englishman, to prison
without trial. I know full well that the
English are hated by Russia, yet I as-
sure you that in London we entertain no
love for your nation or its methods."
"Yes," he laughed, "you are quite
(Continued on Fifteenth Page)
CHAS. BLUM A CO.
Dear Dad-I arrived in Jacksonville
nearly blind, and was taken to the opti-
cian's, where I was treated by a neurolo-
gist, who proscribed diet, and put me on
a fig for breakfast, no lunch, and a pecan
nut for dinner, and after six days' treat-
ment I could see a loaf of Pdhdiie
eu five miles. Yours,
P. S.-It's bread like mother used to
May 12, 1906
Unpublished Letters of Pat
Dear Spott--I've Just finished reading a touh-
ing little poem, "The Man with the Dough," and I
advise ye and yer friends to study it.
Tie not gloomy, nor sad, but a spirit of hope, of
ask and ye'll get it, thrills every verse.
The author-I'll not tell ye. He's too modest;
guess, ye'll hit it, and if not no harm done; guess
But it's touching, Spotts. Ye can take me word
for it, and ye know I'm authority on the touch.
Spotts, have ye heard of Ben Tillman's larrup-
ping of our Federal judiciary? Ain't Ben the dandy
with the pitchfork, and don't he toss up stuff that
would break all the teeth out of Roosevelt's muck
And the way the inventor of the dispensary holds
some of the legal autocrats up to public view is a
matter of interest to us reformers. He jumped on
me friend, Don Pardee, of the Circuit Court of Ap-
peals, and said he ought to be impeached for en-
joining the Florida Railroad Commission against re-
ducing fare on the Ellen N. I don't know; I don't
But anyway, Spotts, Tillman says of the Federal
Judges he was criticlsing, "that these fellows are
roaming around over the country and doing dirty
work for the railroads when there is any to be
Sure, and somebody has to do it. Would Ben
deprive the railroads of scavenger help? That kind
of talk makes me tired; it pains me. Tillman must
think that these Judges are appointed to serve the
people-an old-fashioned notion that the Senate will
pay no attention to.
Do ye mind, though, how Senator Bacon of
Georgia defended the Judges from Tillman's vitriol
gun? Ah, there's a Democrat for you. And thus
it appeared to be the expression of the Senate. The
railroads have many expressions in the Senate. The
sense of humor is lacking just now on account of
the illness of Chauncey Depew, who was the New
York Central's idea of a joke.
But Tillman won't get any Judge impeached.
The Senate won't stand for it. "It would be a blow
to our judiciary system," Is the point '1 take.
Would it surprise ye, Spotts, if ye hard a sim-
ilar speech next session, and one that would go
farther in effect than that of Benjamin? Shall I
ten ye about it? I will not, at least with pen, but
when I see ye face to face and ye give me your
pledge, I will the tale unfold, the plot unveil, and
show ye a picture of Nemesis that I have in me
Forget me silly words, Spotts, till I see ye, ye
might lose this letter. 1
Speaking of me friend Pardee reminds me that
R. Hudson Burr says to him "I'm the Florida Rail-
road Commission." Receiving no answer, our State
domestic repeated his assertion.
"I heard ye," says Pardee; "and ye are enjoined."
"But I'm R. Hudson Burr."
"I don't care if ye are Hudson Buy. Ye are en-
joined. What more do ye want-to be kicked?"
I met Major Healy, and says: "flow's tricks
And with a cherubic smile that had a cloud of
Kadnesn on its horizon, Healy answered: "Peaches
most ripe, but tricks-pshaw, Pat, I've blundered,
and I may lose me job. If I could have had you
the milk would not have got spilt. I'm not a mind
reader. How the dickens did I know that somebody
would take advantage of me innocence and give the
snap away ?"
"Cheer up, Major," I says, "there's no closed sea-
son for suckers, and any time ye are in doubt about
bait consult me. Me advice is always for me friends
if they have the price."
We all make mistakes, Spotte. We are none of
us infallible or immutable, except George Wilson,
and he's the only one who thinks that be is.
Spotts, me boy, I've heard a lot of rot about the
dignity and enjoyment of work. Don't ye believe it.
It sa fake. There is no pleasure in it, ahd if any-
body tells ye that there is ye can figure that he never
tried it. Frank Hough, or is it Emersdn Hough,
who says there is hardly a man today who would
not rather play cards all day on a cow-skin than
work, and he is a good guesser.
And that brings me down to me point, Spotta,
where I want to give ye a little advice out of me
ample store. Don t do any work for a politician
unless he pays ye in advance; ye'll never get it other-
Spotts, I'd be a millionaire or lem if I had all
that was coming to me from patriots I have helped
into office. Time and tUme again I've nearly run me
legs off, and all I'd get woui be a "Thak y, Pat,"
or "ri deeply indebted to ye Pat," but by the spirit
of the primary law I'll do it no more, and you had
better make it Johnny on the Spotts, too, me boy, if
ye wish to kee yer meal ticket insured.'
8potts, won t we be busy at the next session of
the Lseislature? Just think of the watermelons
there wll be to eut I First, we must save thepeo-
ple from the horrible clamity of Everglade drainage.
It must be done. Just think of the shrinkage of land
values if this scheme is allowed to live. We must
out It out and save our friends-if they will pay us
We will work for the common people, we love
them, and we don't want to see them taxed to death.
It's such a joke, I nearly die laughing, Spotts.
Talk about stampede. All you have to do is to yell
"more taxes," and the dianbinged farmer almost
breaks his neck to line up an the crowd where you
Ye ask me about State life insurance. I'll tell
ye, Spotts, I don't know which is the best side, or
rather who is going to put up the most coin. When
I hear from George Perkins I'll tell ye the prospect
of the fight the big o mpanies will make to keep the
State out the business.
There's a couple of good things to be pulled off,
and in the meantime, Spotts, I'd advise ye to study
up on school book uniformity.
I'm thinking of going to West Baden to take the
waters. That great Democratic war horse, or is he
a jackass? Tommy Taggart, wants me to honor his
hotel with a stop of a few days, and I believe I'll
go if I can get a pass. Ever yer devoted
Kaiser May Declare
Berlin.-The contentions among the Lutherans
about certain evangelical dogmas are assuming sueh
proportions that the Kaiser, as supreme court bishop
of Prussia, may be called upon to declare himself
infallible like the Pope, and settle the disputed points
once and for all. Such is the opinion advanced by
leading editors of both the liberal and religious press.
As one of them put it:
"Lutheranism, unlike the Catholio church, Is with-
out an infallible head to assume, or reassure the
faithful, and correct and punish doubters. At the
present moment hundreds of Lutheran parsons preach
against the established dogmas of the hureh while
others make it a point not to pay any attention to
the dogmas whatever. The firat sort of parson Is
made a hero of, the latter is hailed as a philosopher
and friend of the human race. Between them laymen
are all at sea, not knowing where to turn for advice
or what to believe and what not to believe. The
consistories are powerless to oope with this condi.
tion of things, which is undermining the stability
of the Lutheran church in Germany. Hence north*
ing will do but to vest the supreme bishop with abo-
lute power to decide once and for all on questions of
dogmas and belief."
Bokci s dIlUrlD-
May 12, 1906
Short Sermon for
By Rev. T. Henry Blenus, Pastor Church Street
The times in which we live are noted
for highly developed interests in the in.
dustrial world. Mighty combinations of
bralbs and money are wielding a power
sad influence never dreamed of in any
former age of the world's past history,
and appalling to the minds of all
thoughtful men. Simple partnerships
in business circles have expanded until
developed into corporations, corporations
hava grown into syndicates, and these
latter, for want of a better name, have
growm- into what we call trusts.
It is not within the scope of this short
sermon to inquire into the safety or dan-
ger of this condition of affairs, or
whether In the end it is for the weal or
woe of humanity at large. We simply
.note that the tendency of the age seems
to be unmistakably towards unity.
In commerce and capital, in labor and
polities union is considered a means of
What then shall be the near future
religious realization which must txst
conform to this growing condition? We
must believe the talisman is church fed-
eration. There Is a growing demand in
the religious world for Christian unity,
which it is believed only can bring about
the realisation of the last prayer of the
Nauarene for his followers.
In the truest and sincerest sense men
are never united by forces external to
themselves. They may be members of
the same party, of the same church, of
the same society, and externally live in
peace, harmony and agreement, while
Inwardly they are full of meanness and
,hate, of jealousy and a devilish malice.
The, barrel-hoop kind of ulnon is not it
thing to desire in religion. Cohesion in
a spiritual institution must come from
Within. True union is that of the heart
and mind, not outward, but inward; of
tio spirit, and not of the form only. Ec-
eleiaatioal authority can never n re-
ality bring about union. Likeness in
form and ceremony is not union, while
mere uniformity is the denial of true
unity, being only the avowed and ex-
pressed despair of unity, the caricature
The fervent and earnest prayer of
Christ for the cementing together of His
disciples was not a petition for uni-
formity, and in nature nowhere pro.
claims the doctrine of uniformity, but
everywhere bears witness in His works
to unity and harmony, even while never
drawing the tracery of two blades or
The church of Jesus Christ was never
intended to be held together merely by
doctrines and characteristic ordinances.
The moment you divest some churches
of these they scatter. Christian union
is deeper, grander, more divine than
mere uniformity. There must first be
a spiritual life-union with Christ the
Head, in thought, in purpose, in aspir-
ations, in affiliations, in love.
Christian union is not merely formal
but vital. It is the unity of human
lives in Christ as the members of the
human body are united in a grand com-
bination of essential, helpful parts. The
relation of the branch to the vine is not
that of mere association, toleration, a
speaking acquaintance, a touching of el-
bows now and then, but a living, grow-
ing, dependent association. The branch
is not with the vine, but in it. It lives
the life of the vine. It is dependent for
all that it is, and all that it is to be.
on the vital elements which come from
the parent stem.
Before there can be a complete and
honest federation of religion, it is an
absolute condition, the absolute condi-
tion, that there must be a spiritual life-
union with the great head of the church.
No such union can exist where there ex-
ists only an affiliation of mere perfunc-
tory dieties, forms and doctrines, a mere
A Story of the Russian Revolution
By Private Vassill
the only one left Now I must bury
I was quite near this unhappy mother,
her lips moved as if she intended to may
more, but instead she stopped short, put
her hand to her left bosom and fell in a
heap. The peasant girl, leaving the
corpse, ran to assist her. Calling for
pillows and blankets from the upstairs
sleeping rooms, she made her comfort-
able, washed her fsoe with cold water,
opened her dress and massaged her
hands and feet until she recovered con-
After some fifteen or twenty minutes
she began to talk intelligently, pressed
the young peasant woman's Jhand,
thanked her and finally said: "As you
may have guessed, I am the mother of
this poor boy."
"The more's the pity," replied Mar-
laka, "a fine young gentleman, and such
a noble looking mother. You must be a
countess or a baroness, Matushka, (Lit-
Big tears were in the girl's eyes as
she spoke, and the heart of the old lady
went out to her.
"Ah, no one knows how much I lost-
it's impossible in a stranger to guess the
goodness of his heart. Such a son--a
treasure of a boy, kind and lovable like
a girl. He was a sickly child and trou-
bled me much when young. God knows
how many nights I spent at his bedside.
And he was never cut out for a soldier,
indeed not, but his father placed him in
a military school. It was the end of
him and my hopes for my son never
liked the profession of arms. Study
was his hobby, music his passion. After
all, he was a model son, hung upon my
skirts as if he were a daughter. In his
early days, his friends and comrades
often teased him on that account, but he
The old woman began to cry. She
sobbed aloud, and, crying like her, Mar-
iska returned to her husband's corpse.
At last the old woman's tear-stained
eyes lit upon the group near the stove.'
"Still another dead body?" she sighed.
"My husband," returned Mariska, in
a low voice.
The old lady rose and sat down by
Mariska's side on the floor.
"Poor little woman, you lost your
young husband. Let us hope that you
are blessed with children."
"I have two."
"And did you love your husband?"
"Did I love him, MatushkaT He never
went to the inn and his soul was joy-
ous only when he was with me and the
children. They called him the most
diligent and honest of all the young fel-
lows in the village. He had only one
fault. He loved justice too well. Even
Through a half-open shutter attached he wavered in the saddle. Then his the rights of a beggar he defended, if
to a mansard window-the house stands sword shot out, piercing the assassin's need be, and though he attended church
in the poorest quarter of Moscow-I wit- breast. regularly, paid his taxes and obeyed the
essed this: "Murder," cried the officer, as he sank laws, he got into a fearful rage, got vio.
A howling mob blockading the street. to the ground. lent whenever he learned of an outrage
Prom the opposite side a squadron of "Murder," groaned the peasant as he Upon the p le. The peasants knew
Hussar is approaching. was writhing in his blood. tat, and when anything dangerous was
A bugle all. A young lieutenant Meanwhile the street had become de- on the carpet pushed him forward, made
rides before the front and asks the peo- sorted. The patrols riding up and down him leader and scapegoat. They knew
ple to dissolve: "In the name of the encountered no opposition. The people's that his word was as good as his bond,
law and god order." Two more bugle passions had evidently evaporated, for that if he reed to a thing he would
6alls. "or the last time I call upon the time being, fight for it if it cost his very life."
you to o home and about your bus- Opposite the house where I lived a The old woman examined the face of
neos," Cried the lieutenant. "When I hook and ladder company is established. the dead peasant with melancholy in.
count three, my ml n must do their I know the doorkeeper. He let me enter tresat.
duty." when the two bodies were carried in. The "I am sorry for him and-for you. He
"Use, t-w-o, t-h-r-el" lieutenant's was laid out on a deal table was a fine. manly fellow."
The troopers trot ahead, driving the over which a green cloth had been Meanwhile the district chief, learning
people with blows from the flats of the spread; the peasant was bedded on the that the late lieutenant's mother bad atr
sword. Not a drop of blood wasa splled f tloor near the stove. rived, came to pay his respects and ask
-here was a humane commander, in- The bodies had been resting in their for instructions. Some necessary orders
deedl unequal places for half an hour or were given. Then the old lady said:
But when the street was cleared, or longer, when a young woman demanded "Have you found the murderer of my
nearly so, a broad-shouldered young "to see her husband." She was the wife son? I will devote the rest of my life
peasant was found to stand in its cen- of the dead peasant. to see him punished."
ler, arms folded over the breast, defiance At the side of the body she crouched The chief pointed to the body near the
in every look. on the floor and said in a tear-choked stove."
The lieutenant rode up to him. "Get voice: "Wooe-why do you make me "There lies the man who killed your
out of the way," he shouted. "Go home, suffer so, Andrew? Why did you not son." And noticing Marisks. he added
my good fellow," he added in less ve- take pity on wife and children, An- in a less severe voice, "and the lieuten-
blest tones. drew?" This lament she repeated time ant's saber cut short the life of his
The rioter mumbled a reply, but I and again, for hours, the whole after. slayer."
could not catch his words. The lieuten- noon, until evening. Only then did Mariska learn that the
ant then rose in his stirrups and swung Towards dusk a hired coach drove up lieutenant, whom she had admired in
his saber threateningly, sinking his eyes at the firehouse. The doorkeeper re- death, had caused that of her loved one.
In those of the other. IHaughtiness, de- ported: "An old lady, with white hair, And she stepped nearer to the im-
terminedness were in the lieutenant's who says she Is the mother of the lieu- promptu bier and for a moment or two
eyes; wild hatred, fanaticism in the peas- tenant. stared wildly at the face of the young
ant's. The offleer gave the peasant a i "Let her in," said the captain, officer, while the old woman's eye sought
blow on the shoulder with the flat of his When the old woman saw the white, the face of her son's murderer.
sword-he was not a cruel man, as al- stony face of her son, she sighed deeply: Immovable the two women stood for
ready intimated-then a shot. The lieu. "'this, then, is the reward of all my several minutes. Then the older one,
teant dropped the reins, and raised his suffering and anxieties. I buried your used to suffering as she was, stepped up
left band to his heart. For a moment father, buried your sister. You were to Marisk a embraced er.p
6S that you mark your ticket
For Railroad Commisioneua
Vote for two.
X T J. APPLEYARD.
FOR THE SENATE
To the Voters of Duval County (18th
I hereby announce myself as a candi-
date for the State Senate from this, the
18th Senatorial District, Duval County,
to be voted for at the coming primarie.
H. H. BUCKOMAN.
FOR THE HOUSE
To the Public:
I hereby announce to the eitlsens of Duval
Count that I will be a candidate before the ap-
proeching Democratic nominating primaries for
LSpre native in the Legilature of the State
from Duvul County. and I respectfully ak the
support of the people.
M platform may be concisely expressed by
saying that I shall expect if elected, to sustain
by my vote, voice, energy and work evert meu-
ure that will tend to the advance of or be helpful
to the people of Dual County, Florida without
Injury to other portions of the Statea that I will
be unalterably opposed to and will flsht with
visor and ner all measures coming up before
the Legislatureats sha ll inu any wa be hurtful
to the interests of Duval County; and a to par.
ticular questions that may arise in the ooure of
the campaisp it will be my pleaure to discuss
ame upon the tump., and to farly, squarely and
openly present my views upon them.
W. MoL. DANCY.
To the Democratic Voters of Duval County:
I am a candidate for renomination bytheDem.
ocracy of DuvSal County for the office of County
Treaurer. My services are known to all, and f
my record Isendoned, I promise a continuance
of a faithful performance of the duties of the of.
floe. Soliciting the support of all in the primary,
I am, very respectfully,
A. W. BARR9,
For Gounty Gommissioner
I wish to announce my candidacy for
County Commissioner for the Fourth
District of Duval County, Florida, sub-
ject to the coming primary, and shall
a preciate the support of the citizens of
the county. T. L. A0OSTA.
To the Democratic Voters of Duval County:
I am a candidate for County Commissitoner of
the Fourth District, subleet to the coming Demo.
craet primary. Upon the request of many friends
I come before the people of Duval County for this
office. I stand for the greatest good to the peat.
t number. and i elected I promise to perform
the duties of that offoe th y and to the best
of mr ability.
FRANK 0. MILLER.
Mixed Accounts Trouble
Loss of Fire Insurance. for instance, or
Any other trouble wit our books.
HAVE THEM ADJUE.
FRED. E. RANKIN
Phone 862. JACKSONVILL. FLA. Box 572
Stay away from Tampa. Pay no at-
tention to advertisements.
For further information, address Car-
enters Union 806, or Building Trades
W R. 0. PHILLIPS,
SecIreayBuilding Trades Councl.
, Thirteenth page
MmV FUoN THi 0M ACT W V hI h'l- nnM.a nS M' ISAN U THM U RWIE -liM
White winnove ow weary hearing mu ofImov py hop among the raft4
1111H spfead out my white winpsand fydto the mew immid Temple.
"I am ever premat at the bed" odsol eah, hdlnlagposs to the wrwingosad eloed In the midst of lihoi.sdlbpheavouwe ane induth."
May 12, 1906
State Press on Broward's
Plan to Drain the 'Glades
18 IT A CASE OF IGNORANCE?
It is humiliating to Floridians that
the moss-back politicians should con-
tinue to use the tactics of the seventies
on the people of today. Some of these
sheeky gentry seem to think that the
masees of th people anre as uninformed
upon the questions of public Interest in
this day and generation as were those
of the early settlement eras.
A ae in point: Some of the oppo-
nente of Governor Broward's drainage
plan are demanding through certain
newspapers why the Governor and the
trustee of the improvement fund do
not obey the plain law passed several
Ian ago, requiring them to turn all
the funds in their hands over to the
State Treasurer, to be by him turned
over to the different counties to be used
in building good roads.
And sure enough, why?
The law is plain and explicit and the
intent of this criticism is to convey the
impression that the Governor and the
trustees an ignoring a plain statute and
an evading a plain duty.
Well, it looks rather dark for the
Governor, so far, but thank God, that is
not all the law, nor does the part quoted
convey the meaning and intent of the
Thee opponents to the Governor do
not hesitate to create the impression
that he is a violator of the law, but go
further and suggest that he simply ig-
.noes a statute that he is sworn to exe.
Will it be unkind or unjust to show
that these opponents of the Governor
n. eritidlsing him are guilty of the very
lins they condemn in him? If they
quote the law at all, why not quote it
Do they not intend to mislead tne
people?. I it not taking a mean ad.
vantagL of the Governor to accuse him
of ignoring the execution of a law when
those amusing know they have pur-
posely refrained from quoting it fully?
But this is the age and day of public
schools, sad lots more people read now
than in the days when the people listened
to the political oracles for information
and tihe statutes of the State are being
read by "thousands upon thousands"
(to borrow a Jasper Newsism) who can
read and do know that the statute the
Governor is charged with ignoring pro-
vides that the funds aforesaid are to be
turned in to the State Treasurer only
after all the other obligations are dis-
Aharged; fonmost among which obli-
gations are thq reclamation and drain-
agp of the swamp and overflowed lands
-as per the conditions under which
these lands were originally granted to
It might seem useless to enter any
protest against such ridiculous and
manifestly improbable charges against
the present State administration, but
some men supposed to be informed along
these lines have an ignorant and un-
,thinanng following who have taken the
cue from the aforesaid supposed-to-be.
Informed to criticize and Impugn the
motives of the State officials and the
News, without suggestion from any
source, propounds the foregoing in the
hope of helping to emancipate that
crowd from the burden of ignorance.-
Cocoa and Rockledge News.
SThe newspapers which are fighting
Governor Broward on general principles,
ind his drainage scheme in particular,
re very bitter against him just now
because he is furnishing the people of
Florida with real facts. They claim
that he should pay out of his private
purse the cost of giving reliable infor.
ttion to the people about their public
affairs, especially about the Everglades,
although it is a matter of no private
benefit to him. They had hoped that
their representations would go unchal-
lenged for lack of a medium of commu-
nication. They don't think it fair for
the Governor to hit them with solid
facts, while their weapons of attack
were only fairy stories. In duelling
both combatants are required to use
the same kind of weapon. But he will
not conform to the code. He persite in
shooting back with facts, which is mani-
festly unfair, because this method of
warfare gives them no chance at all.
Why don't they appeal to the Federal
Court and have him enjoined from fur-
nishing the people with the truth -
Jensen, Fla., March 24, 1900.
In a recent issue of the Times-Union,
they copied from one of the State papers
a clipping which was to the effect that
the Times-Union did not help to elect
Governor Broward, and were patting
themselves on the back as though they
had escaped committing a misdemeanor.
Possibly in their conceit and brazen
bigotry they feel that they did nothing
to help elect the Governor, for with the
big I and little you, they feel that their
presentation of a candidate and their
views on all matters political are to be
taken without question. But the voters
are beginning to fully realize that the
Times-Union will bear watching. To re-
turn to its joyful announcement that
they did not help to elect Governor
Broward, I wish to say that they did
more than all of the other papers in the
State put together, for a fight against
a candidate by the Times-Union has now
become a signal throughout the State
that the people should elect him.
No stronger man could have been
brought out against Governor Broward
than Col. Bob Davis, and if the Times-
Union had never said one word I have
not the slightest doubt but what Colonel
Davis would have been elected; but the
"Immutable George" could not see the
"handwriting on the wall," and kept
"butting in" until he butted Davis out
of the game. The position ot'the "Im-
mutable George" in the present contro-
versy concerning the draining of the
Everglades, and his manifest unfairness
in dealing with the matter, is going to
further kill what little respect the peo-
ple of the State have for his paper.
It is a sad commentary on the leading
daily of the State that Its support of a
candidate should be the prime cause of
his defeat, but such was the cae, and
it is particularly humiliating when the
fact is recalled that the paper has, in
years gone by, held the confidence and
respect of a majority of the citizens of
the State, but it has fallen from its high
estate, and great was the fall thereof.
Although unintentional on its part, it
was the strongest factor in the State in
electing N. B. Broward Governor of the
State of Florida.
H. R. IRARPDR.
A LAY EDITORIAL ON L. A. CHOATE
St. Augustine, April 9, 1906.
Dear Sir-I want to ask you if you
will not please publicly thank Mr. Chas.
E. Choate of the Florida News Bureau
for his warning to the people as to the
present actions of the Executive.
Especially is he to be admired for his
solicitude for the poor small land-own-
ere, who own NEARLY ONE-TENTH
OF ONE PER CEhT of the land in the
drainage districts, and it is affecting
almost to tears in these days when the
poor are so down-trodden to see a cham.
pion like Mr. Choate stand boldly uF
for their rights when they are in danger
of being trampled on by the administra.
tion THEY BROUGHT INTO POWER,
Now 1 say let the poor suffer; they
recklessly and thoughtlessly brought the
whole thing on themselves by electing
Mr. Broward. They were told that Col
Bob Davis was the right man to vote
for, and he showed unmistakably hil
deep interest in the people by resigning
his seat in Congress to come back tc
Florida to give the people a model ad-
ministration. All the great and wisest
men in the State told the poor, ignorant
people who to vote for, and if they de
liberately threw away this advice, I fot
one say, let 'em suffer. We give Mr.
Choate due credit for his noble inten.
tions in trying to rescue the people and
open their fool eyes to the doings of the
Executive. We have made our bed, Mr.
Choate-let us lie on it for awhile.
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May 129 10"
The Czar's Spy
(Continued from Tenth Page)
right. Russia has no use for an effete
aly such as kngland is."
"Jffete or powerful, my country is
still able to present an ultimatum when
diplomacy requires it," A said. "Ther-
fore I have no fear. Send me to prison,
and I tell you that the remponibility
rests upon yourself." And folding my
arms I kept my eyes intently upon his,
so that he should not we that I wavered.
"As for the responsibility, I certainly
do not fear that, m'sieur," he said.
"But the exposure that will result-
are you prepared to face that" I asked.
"Perhaps you are not aware that others
beside myself-one other, indeed, who is
a diplomatist-is aware of my journey
here? If I do not return, your Ministry
of Foreign Affairs in Petersburg will be
pressed for a reason."
"Which they will not give."
"Then if they do not, the truth will
be out," I said laughing harshly, for I
saw how determined he had become to
hold me prisoner. "Come, call up myr-
midon and send me to Kajana. It will
be the first step towards your own down-
"We shall see," he growled.
"Ah I you surely do not think that I,
after ten years' service in the British
diplomatic service, would dare to come
to Finland upon this quest-would dare
to face the rotten and corrupt official-
dom which Russia has placed within this
country-without first taking some ade-
quate precaution? No, Baron. There-
fore, I defy you, and I leave Helsing-
"You will not. You are under ar-
I laughed heartily and snapped my fin-
"Before you give me over to your po-
lice, first telegraph to your Minister of
Finance, Monsieur de Witte, and inquire
of him who and what I am."
"I don't understand you."
"You have merely to send my name
and description to the Minister and ask
for a reply," I said. "He will give you
instructions-or, if you so desire, ask his
"And why, pray, does his Majesty con-
cern himself about you?" he asked, at
"You will learn later, after I am con-
fined in Kajana and your secret is known
"What do you mean ?"
"I mean," I said, "I mean that I have
taken all the necessary steps to be fore-
armed against you. The day I am in-
carcerated by your order, the whole
truth will be known. I shall not be the
sufferer-but you will."
My words, purposely enigmatical, mis-
led him. He saw the drift of my argu-
ment, and being of course unaware of
how much I knew, he was still in fear
of me. My only uncertainty was of the
actual fate of poor Elma. My wallet
had been stolen-with a rp ose, with.
out a doubt-for t thief had deprived
me of that most important of all doc-
uments, the open eename to every closed
door, the ukase of the OCar.
"You defy met" he said hoarsely,
turning back to the window with the
written order for my imprisonment as
a political still in his hand. "But we
"You rule Finland," I said in a hard
tone, "but you have no power over Gor-
"I have power, and intend to exert it."
"For your own ruin," I remarked with
a self-confident smile. "You may give
your torturers orders to kill me-orders
that a fatal accident shall occur within
the fortress-but I tell you frankly that
' my death will neither erase nor conceal
your own offenses. There are others,
away in England, who are awanre of
them, and who will, in order to avenge
my death, speak the truth. Remember
that althgh Elma Heath has been de-
prived of both hearing and of speech,
she can still write down the true facts
in black and white. Theim Car may be
your patron, and you his favorite, but
his Majesty has no tolerance of odiisals
who are guilty of what you are guilty
of. You talk of arresting I" I added
with a smil "Why, you ought rather
to go on your knees ad beg my silence."
He went white with rage at my et-
ung sarcasm. He lteralMy boile[ over,
for he saw that I wa quit cool and
had no fear of him or of the terrible
punihahmnt to which he intended to con-
sin me. Besides which, he was filled
with wonder regarding the exact amount
of information which Elma had Im-
parted to me.
"There are certain persons" I went
on, "to whom it would be of intense in.
terest to know the true reason why the
steam yacht Iola put into Leghorn
why I was entertained on board herI
why the safe in the British Consulate
was rifled, and why the unfortunate
girl, kept a prisoner on board, was
taken on shore just before the hurried
sailing of the vessel. And there are
other mysteries which the English po-
lice ar trying to solve namely, the rea-
son Armida Santini and a man disguised
as her husband died in Scotland at the
hand of an assassin. But surely I need
say no more. It is surely sufficient to
convince you that it the truth were
spoken, the revelations would be dis-.
"For whom?" he asked, opening his.
"For you. Come, Baron," I said,
"can we not yet speak frankly?"
But he was silent for a moment, a
fact which was in itself proof that my
pointed argument had caused him to re.
consider his intention of sending me
under escort back tb that castle of ter-
If my journey there was in order to
meet my love, I would not have cared.
It was the ignorance of her whereabouts
or of her fate that held me in such
deep, all-consuming anxiety. Each hour
that passed increased my fond and ten-
der affection for her. And yet what
irony of circumstances I She had been
cruelly snatched from me at the very
moment that freedom had been ours.
I think it was well that I assumed
that air of defiance with the man who
had ground Finland beneath his heel.
He was unused to it. No one dared to
go against his will, or to utter taunt or
threats to him. He was paramount,
with all the powers of an emperor-the
power, indeed, of life and death. There-
fore he was not in the habit of being
either thwarted or criticised, and I could
see that my words had aroused within
him a boiling tumult of resentment and
of rage. I told him nothing of the loss
of my wallet or of the precious docu-
ment that it had contained. My de-
fiance was merely upon principle.
"Arrest me if you like. Denounce me
my means of any lie that arises to your
lips, but remember that the truth is
known beyond the confines of the Rus-
sian Empire, and for that reason traces
will be sought of me and full explana-
tion demanded. I have taken precau-
tion, Xavier Oberg," I added, "there-
fore do your worst. I repeat again that
I defy youl"
He paced the big room, his thin claw-
like hands still clenched, his yellow
teeth grinding, his dark, deep-set eyes
fixed straight before him. If he had
dared, he would have struck me dow*
at his feet But he did not dare. I saw
too plainly that even though my wallet
was gone I still held the trump-card-
that he feared me.
The mention I had made of the Min-
ister of Finance, however, seemed to
cause him considerable hesitation. That
high official had the ear of the Emperor,
and if I were a friend there might be
inquiries. As I stood before him lean-
ing against a small buhl table, I watched
all the complex workings of his mind,
and tried to read the mysterious motive
which had caused him to consign poor
Elma to Kajans.
He was a proud bully, possessing
neither pity nor remorse, an average
specimen of the high Russian official,
a hide-bound bureaucrat, a slave to eti-
quette and possessing a veneer of pol-
sh. But beneath it all I saw that he
was a coward in deadly fear of assassi-
nation-, coward who dreaded lest
some secret should be revealed. That
concealed door in the paneling with the
armed guard lurking behind was suffi-
ciently plain evidence that he was not
the fearles Governor General that was
pop ry suppoBed. He, "The'Strang-
S of lan" had ruhed the gallant
nation into submission, ruining their
commerce, sapping the country by im-
p it oth into the Russian
army, forbidding the use of the Finnih
language, and taxing the people until
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the factories had been compelled to close
down while the peasantry starved. And
now, on the verge of revolt, there had
arisen a band of patriots who resented
ruin, and who had already warned his
Majesty by letter that if Baron Oberg
were not removed from his post he would
These and other thoughts ran through
my mind in the silence that followed
our heated argument, for I saw well that
he was in actual fear of me. I had led
ham to believe that I knew everything,
and that his future was in my hands,
while he, on his part, was anxious to
hold me prisoner, and yet dared not do
My wallet had probably been stolen
by some lurking police-spy, for Russian
agents abound everywhere in Finland,
reporting conspiracies that do not exist
and denouncing the innocent as "polit-
The Baron had halted, and was look-
ing through one of the great windows
down upon the courtyard below where
the sentries were pacing. The palace
was for him a gilded prison, for he
dared not go out for a drive in one or
other of the parks or for a blow on the
water across to Hogholmen or Dagero,
being compelled to remain there for
months without showing himself pub-
licly. People in Abo had told me that
when he did go out into the streets of
Helsingfors it was at night, and he
usually disguised himself in the uniform
of a private soldier of the guard, thus
escaping recognition by those who,
driven to desperation by injustice, sought
A long silence had fallen between us,
and it now occurred to me to take ad-
vantage of his hesitation. Therefore I
said in a irm voloe, in French-
"I think, Baron, our interview is at an
end, is it not? Therefore I wish you
(CONTINUED NEXT WEEK.)
Czar Pardons Man Who
Flirted With His Wife
St. Petersburg.-Lieutenant Ussoroff,
who dared make love to the Czarina,
whom he took for a "mere lady of the
court," was pardoned by the &Car, but
three officers of the Palace Guard and
two sentinels who failed to prevent the
adventurous doings of the love-sick
Ussoroff were sent to Siberia by Tre-
poff's orders. Ussoroff was riding horse-
back in the neighborhood of Zarskoje
Selo when he espied a simply dressed,
but beautiful woman in a court carriage.
He followed. He made goo-goo eyes at
her and made a fool t himself gener-
ally. When the carriage passed through
the gate Ussoroff followed, the sentinel
taking him for an adjutant. Only when,
at the entrance of the palace, the guards
assembled to give the royal salute, the
young lieutenant suspected the lady
might be higher up in the social seale
than he had anticipated. He thought
her a grand duchess. When he learned
that he had tried to flirt with the Em-
press herself, he gave himself up to his
colonel, saying: "I expect to be shot
for my impudence, but I wouldn't wait
to be arrested." Both the Omr and
Czarina laughed when they heard the
circumstances, but Trepoff insisted that
the negligent guard offers be punished.
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