Volume 1-No. 18 JAGKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, MARGIt 17, 1906
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IF IT'S RIGHT, WE ARE FOR ITs
A. K. TAYLOR
AM un IMCLY WnIH A WmLL. ITS OW1, PUM Fe mU P SPLE r FLXMA, BY T SUl 0 PAMY, AT 81 WST FM1YnT STIMI, JA1KS.MO LE, FLORIDA
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IN THE SUN'S CHARIOT
Itm ate Talks Between Publisher and Reader
'THE SUN'S story of Everglades improvement ieems to have
touched the public in the right spot.
It supplied the demand for impartial information on this subject,
the discussion of which is resounding in the ear of the people.
We have good reason to believe tis to be a fact on account of the
warm commendations and expressions of thanks from many persons
who were glad to read a plain, straightforward statement of the plan.
No matter whether they agreed with the purposes of the Everglades
project they appreciated presentation of the facts. Opinions each can
form to suit his feeling, but this is the more easily done and with better
understanding after a clear recital of conditions.
We gave this information in as careful a manner as possible.
We desire to give the people opportunity to study this great
We did it in a way to leave each person free to form an opinion
according to the conclusions each would reach.
We believe this to be the proper policy of a publisher, who thus
insures fair treatment to his readers. We show endorsement of this
policy by printing the following letters:
I -- - -
Cocoa, Fla., March 10.
Claude L'Fngle, Editor Sun, Jack-
Dear Sir-I want to thank you for
the strong, clear, just and impartial
explanation of Governor Broward's
plan. It is worth the subscription to
THE SUN for a whole year. Your
article is being dicused by leading
men in this community who are not
now favorable to the Governor's plan,
but who are now getting information
from THE SUN in heroic doses and
are becoming accordingly enlightened,
Again thanking you, I am
SR. N. ANDREWS.
"Give the facts as it can find
Monticello, Fla., March 10.
Dear Sir-I congratulate you on the
Broward Everglades story. It is a
dandy. I was "agin" Broward in
the race, but support like your article
will make a big man out of him. I
understand, of course, that your
article is news dealing with facts, and
not to be considered as a political
article; but it is certainly a hard nut
for your contemporaries to crack.
W. W. CARROLL.
them." Briefly that is the policy of
We think that is a principle worthy of support.
We are sure there are thousands of persons in Florida who will
endorse such a policy, and who will feel that their interests as citizens
are thereby given protection.
Endorsement should be put in substantial form.
It can best be given by mailing $2 to us in payment of a year's
subscription to THE SUN.
This is the sort of testimonial we need. That is the token the
public should offer if it wishes to insure the life of a journal free from
prejudice and devoted to the right.
We do not think the subscription rate excessive considering the
service given. THE SUN possesses individuality and broadness.
Its rays are not confined to an area of narrowness, but its beams
are cast over the vast domain of Florida that light may be shed on all
matters of liublic moment.
Here is a case where quality should be considered.
THE SUN strives to maintain this requisite in the highest degree.
Clean and impartial, with every effort extended toward the right it
occupies the place in journalism given to Huyler in the candy market.
Made of wholesome material, skilfully prepared, should it not be
taken on the basi. of the same motive which prompts the purchaser of
candy to prefer the product of Iluyler to the trash of another manu-
facturer, even though the latter is three-fourths less in price.
Paue chocolate and cream are a delight, but inferior confections
with paraffin interior are a source of distress and illness.
;No adulteration in THE SUN. Nothing indigestible in its contents.
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If you consider tha t is send us $2 for a year's subscription.
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TM fifMfM fP l ITAM which was recently purchased by Mr. W. R. Hearst, has
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Increased 100,000 over what they were four months ago, when it became a part of the fa.
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politan, and a strong new serial by H. 0. Wells.
THE REVIEW OF REVIEW SSubstantial American men and women are going
.--l. w -- we to kee Up with the times and they are going to
take the shortest cut-which is The Review of evews-a monthly survey of the world's
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Short storiesbeing by authors of worldwide reputation. Pearson's is
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writer and clearest thinker before the public today. It is filled with the best thoughts of
the best minds on all subject of interest to the American people.
THE SUN ithe papr with A will of its own, mand is by far the best paper in
. p.lorida-ommending all right and Censuring all wrong.
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Valim I-No. 19
JACONVILLE FLORIDA. MARCH 17, 1906
5 Cents per Copy, ;2 per Year
* '' I
March 17, 1906
Ever since I was a young man I have attended
fairs, county, State and the big expositions since
that of the Centennial. Little or big, they have always
been a source of pelasure; also schools of informa-
tion. I thought I knew all about them until a few
days ago when, under the magic influence of a slen-
der slip of green paper furnished me as a represent-
ative of The SUN by Mr. J. D. Rahner (to whom,
thanks I) of the Florida East Coast Railroad, I was
enabled to visit Miami, that wonderful new city on
the shores of Biscayne Bay, and "take in the Dade
Wherever there is a fair, there are fair grounds;
of course, you say. Well, here was where the first
surprise came in. There wasn't any grounds, and the
fair was held in a building where the waves of the
bay lapped against it, flowed under it and encom-
passed it on three sides. The building was perhaps
40 feet wide by 100 long, and in it was an exhibit
one could see in no other county in the State, unless it
might be Lee-in no other State in the Union,
though it could be duplicated and, perhaps, sur-
passed in Porto Rico of the far off isles of the sea
owned by Uncle Sam that are 0,000 miles west of
the Golden Coast.
Another surprise was in store for me. I had writ-
ten down to the secretary of the Fair Association for
an editorial ticket to be left at the office of a friend.
It wasn't there. Why? Just because this was a FREE
AFFAIR OF A FAIR and the doors stood open
through daylight and gaslight-wide open-for any
and for all to walk through. A fair with no charge
for admission? It was a new one on me and it proved
at once that it was no money-making scheme where a
charge was made for space and for entrance, but an
enterprise gotten up for the general good of the
county and to show what its soil was capable of
And, using the language of another, "The most
astonishing thing about this exhibit is, that all this
magnificent display of widely different fruits and
vegetables were produced in one county and at one
time and that time what we call winter." It was,
of course, a Northern visitor who spoke, for we of
Florida know no winter.
No race track, no merry-go-round, no "midway,"
no fakirs, no peddlers of vile orange or pineapple
wines, no shooting galleries, no-- ,well, none of the
usual accompaniments of county fairs, but a splendid
exhibit of what man, aided by a beneficent climate,
can produce from a soil that shows on its surface no
attractive feature to a man from Illinois, or Ne-
braska or New York. Just sand, just muck, that's
On the left side of the hall, as you entered it was
a display of vegetables, all grown by one man. It
may be said that the number of exhibitors was
small, because of the backwardness of the season on
account of rain and other causes. In this exhibit were
to be seen lettuce of several varieties, potatoes, both
Irish and sweet, parsley, cauliflower, carrots, onions,
tomatoes, peppers, cabbages, radishes, beets, turnips,
eggplant, celery, beans, asparagus pineapples, paw-
paws, lemons and cassava. It is more than proba-
ble that there is not, outside of Dade County, a
county in the world that can in any one month pro-
hy W. E. Pabor
duce a list that will equal that shown by Mr. Wal4in,
the exhibitor, proprietor of Fern View Farm. There
were other exhibitors on a smaller scale, but no one
had grouped an exhibit in so neat and attractive
style as had Mr. Waldin and, of course, the Blue
Card was soon attached to it by the judges. I partic-
ularly noticed a root of cassava as long as the Moral
Law, for are there not ten sections in the Mosaic
Law, and was there not here ten feet of tuber Part
of it was bigger than the spindle shanks of some of
the dudes who walked mincingly between the tables,
stopping as they went out at the stand of the young
woman "from hew York," who was offering samples
of the dainty products of a biscuit company. But the
young woman s smiles were for the horny-handed
farmer and even the grizzled pencil-pusher as well.
I think this was the only stand showing products
not grown or manufactured in Dade County that
was in the building.
The tropical and citrus fruits were of special
interest to me; some of them 1 had endeavored to
grow in a different section of Florida, but failed in,
such as the Rose Apple, Mammee Apple, Mangoes,
Monster Delibiosa, isarbadoes Gooseberries. There
were also on exhibit Servian cherries, strawberry
guavas, bananas, pawpaws, limes, lemons, kumquats,
loquats, pineapples; but these, of course, are and
can be grown anywhere in the South Florida penin-
sula below the line of Tampa on the west coast and
Melbourne on the east.
There were but few pineapples, this being a time
of the year when they are scarce. None of them, save
one lot, were particularly attractive; but some Red
Spanish weighing about six pounds, were larger than
any I had seen before. The owner was enthusiastic
over this variety and claimed it was the money-
making pine. Perhaps. There are others; the Smooth
Cayenne, for instance, which he particularly de-
nounced, but which is found to be a good seller,
grown in central Florida, especially in DeSoto
County. The writer has no fault to find with the
common Red Spanish no more than he has with
the rose; one has its sharp, hand-cutting serrated
leaves, the other its equally sharp thorns. When a
lover extols his sweetheart as being the fairest of
the fair and beyond compare I only smile and think
of my sweethearts of the past and present; but
when the owner of those fine pines denounced Smooth
Cayennes as being unfit to eat, 1 got "hot under the
collar" and took instant issue with him.
Dade County, it may be added, is no longer the
leading pineapple section of Florida, since St. Lucie
County has been formed out of the northern half
of it. Still there are large open-air fields in Dade,
and the section south of Miami will no doubt see
larger ones in coming years.
The exhibit of oranges was fair, but that of the
pomelo larger and finer. At the Tampa fair Lee
County showed choice boxes, but I saw none finer,
larger, brighter than were here at this little county
fair held so late in the season.
As the Miaim Record truly said: "Among the
most interesting exhibits is that made by Mr. and
Mrs. J. D. Radebaugh, who are th4 pioneers in the
culture of silk in this county. They show the young
silk worms devouring the mulberry leaf, the worms
making their cocoons, the mode of preparing the
cocoons and the raw silk ready for market. They
have made a very good start in the silk culture, and
are making a good business of the venture."
There were three or four exhibitors of manufac-
tured products, such as jellies, marmalades and pre-
serves, all of tropical fruits. In jellies there were
guava, mango, Roselle, Mammee apple, kumquat,
mulberry and sour tangerine; in marmalade all
those just mentioned and, in addition, pawpaw,
orange, pomelo, pineapple; in preserves, orange Ro-
selle or Jamaica sorrel, guava, pineapple, kum-
quat, banana, pawpaw and sour tangerine. There
was also pineapple' wine, pineapple vinegar, guava
cheese, lime juice, sour sop punch, candied fruits,
The Planters Packing and Preserving Company
of Delray, a little station 20 miles south of Palm
Beach, had a very excellent display of canned pine-
apples, grated. sliced and otherwise prepared; also
okra. This company, if I remember rightly, had a
fine exhibit of tomatoes at the Tampa Fair, but
were entirely sold out, so had none on display here.
As this is the only canning factory south of Balti-
more, it is to be hoped that its output will become
better known and that other factories in central
and west Florida will be established.
From a tent on a nearby town lot I heard some
roosters crowing. On entering, I found an exhibit
under the supervision of Mr. and Mrs. R. F. Hoyle,
and for a first attempt to show what is beIng dome
in the way of raising fine poultry in Dade County,
it looked a decided success. Only thirty-three entries
were made, but that was enough to greatly encour-
age the promoters and to inspire the belief that next
year and the years following the poultry show part
of the county fair will become a most important
There was a Woman's Department in which the
frills and furbelows so dear to women's hearts were
attractively displayed; but no man's pen could de-
scribe them, and as they do not belong to my par-
ticular department in The SUN, I pass them by, only
saying if the olden adage that "dress makes the man,
the want of it the fellow," the same rule must apply
to matron or maid, and yet, Maud Muller, Ia her
simple dress had charms that even a judge, acous.
tomed to the Lady Vere-de-Vere's of society could
find worthy of notice. As for me, I love the pansies
and violets of humanity far above their more flaunt-
But I mist close, or the managing editor's blue
pencil may get in its deadly work. Tbe fair is over.
It was a decided success, finer, I was told, than
any held previously. Did it, or rather, will it pay?
One naturally asks the question, ina view of free
admission and liberal premiums. With Henry M.
Flagler behind it, giving substantial. financial sup-
port, aided by the liberal-minded merchants of Mil
ami, it becomes such an object-lesson to the thou-
sands of Northern visitors tarrying for a season in
the rock city on the shores of placid Biasyne Bay,
that in the end it repays all the labor and expense
devoted to it. May the sun of prosperity rise and set
upon Miami's people and its annual jair for very
many years to come. Only one other solunE in Florida
can ever be a possible rival. It lies ii the valley
wherein flows the waters of the Caloosahatobie river.
March 17, 1906
WHA T GOVERNOR 1ROW RD DID SAY
HIS SPEECH DIFFERS GREATLY FROM THE PUBLIStijD REPORTS.
NOT ONLY WAS HE MISQUOTED RESPECTING THE STATE PRESS,
BUT THE PERTINENT FACTS OF DRAINAGE WJiKE UNPUBLISHED
Tallahassee, Fla.. March 13, 1906.
Mr. Claude L'Engle, Editor of Sun,
Dear Sir-I herewith send you excerpts
of the speech made by me at the foot of
Main Street, Jacksonville, Fla., on the
night of March 3, 1900, in which speech,
it has been charged by the TimestUnion
and Metropolis, that I abused all of the
newspapers and characterized them all as
being venal. You were present, and I
also noticed Messrs. C. M. Cooper. D.
U. Fletcher, O'Neil, and Rev. Dr. Boggs,
besides several members of the Young
Men's Democratic Club, who had invited
Mr. G. W. Wilson of the Times-Union
and Mr. W. R. Carter of Jacksonville
Metropolis and myself to discuss the
practicability and probable benefit that
would accrue from reclamation of the
Florida Everglade land.
The editors of the Times-Union and
Metropolis wrote letters to Mr. Farris,
who presided at the meeting, declining
to discuss the matter upon the platform,
stating in their letters that each of their
papers were read daily by from forty to
sixty thousand people, and that the col.
umns of their papers were open to the
Governor to give his side of the proposi-
tion at any time.
I stated from the platform, at the out-
set, that the Trustees of the Internal Im-
provement Fund of the State of Florida
had furnished the Times-Union a copy
of their report, on their preparation to
drain the Everglades in 1905, and that
the Times-Union had not printed it, and
I might also have said, that the last
letters prepared by me' for printing in
the Metropolis cost me for printing in
their columns ABOUT ONE DOLLAR
I further stated that those papers had
printed affidavits that were on file in the
United States Court, in a case pending
against the Drainage Commissioners,
which case was still under consideration
by the court, and that both of those
papers had knowledge that other cases
were pending before other courts, in
which actions of the Trustees were ques-
tioned, and that they knew that one of
the members of the court would proba-
bly be a candidate in the nearby pri-
mary. The papers printed several very
ridiculous affidavits, one to the "effect
that water would run uphill, another
that land would burn, and they seemed
to take great joy in such publications;
and as it could scarcely have been print-
ed in the interest of science, I thought
it fair to assume that they were trying
to impress the courts that instead of
being a great benefit to the people and
the State, that the drainage was not
desired by the people and it would be
The people have great pride in the fact
that they have confidence in the right-
eousness of their judges, and they are
perfectly willing to await carefully de-
livered opinions by them, and that, I
thought, very little attention should be
paid to the published editorials and
other matter upon the subject
I called attention to the fact that
those newspapers had entered into a
solemn compact With the people to print
the truth at all times, to defend the
people in their .ights, and to do every-.
th that th .6uld toward the up-
buildng of the State, from which peo-
ple they, in return, asked liberal pat-
ronages, but they, instead of publishing
theb truth, and reprenting the people's
interests, that they were owned and con-
trolled. rep amtu omly m of the p..-
recent speech in this city, excited mainly through misquotation by
the daily press of Jacksonville, THE SUN asked the Governor to
furnish it with a copy so that all might read and learn what he
eally d(id say.
pie, to the injury of all of the other t
1 further stated that the efforts of
these papers were directed with a viev
to opposing the Trustees of the Internal i
Improvement Fund of the State of Flor-
ida in their efforts to reclaim the Flor-
ida Everglades, the editors hoping there-
by to prevent the success of the project 1
until such time as the present Trustees
would go out of office and others be elect- (
ed, if possible, by the Times-Union and
its owners, who would give this vast do-
main to the railroad which dictates
their policy; that they had, in years
past, advocated forcefully the reclama-
tion of the Everglades; also being adopt-
ed by the Florida East Coast Drainage
and Sugar Company, which was con-
trolled by the same railroad; and that
they had also advocated drainage of the
same territory by Mr. Disston. I asked
the questions, "Whom do they repre-
sent?" "What people told them that they
desired this land given away?" "What
people inspired the editorial f" stating
that in all probability only one of the
people was behind the paper in this mat-
I further stated that Governors had
always, wheh they found their country
about to be invaded by an enemy that
was harmful to the best interests of the
people, issued proclamations, calling at-
tention of the people to the fact that
there were enemies, either about to in-
vade and control, or that they were
already in control and seeking to destroy
the property of the people, and I pro-
posed to call the attention of the people
to that fact that these people were ene-
mies to their interests, and that their
writing should not be given any credence
I further stated that we should judge
them by their works, and not by their
professions of love for the people, and
that their works do not conform to their
professions; that the same papers have
insisted for years that the people were
unprogressive, but that they, the news-
papers, were progressive, but now these
supposed progressive newspapers were
doing all that they could to oppose the
people, in their fight to hold their rights
and reclaim their lands; that they were
making the columns of their newspapers
mere vehicles of misinformation; that,
in fact, their columns were freighted
with documents and what purported to
be news, which, if believed by the peo-
ple, would rob them of their rights.
IRRIGATION IN THE WEST.
Why is the East Coast Railway drain-
Ing in the edge of the Everglades now?
The Times-Union asks the question,
"Why drain and reclaim land when there
in plenty of land that would not need
it?" I ask them why is the United States
spending a million and a half to irri-
gate 210,000 acres in Idaho, a million
and a half dollars in another State on
a half million acres, and in places rais-
ing water 250 feet high to irrigate des-
erts? Why is the United States spending
millions for drainage of lands for the
people? Why does the paper discourage
rather than encourage the United States
Government to aid in reclaiming the
Florida Everglades; and if they have an
aversion for the Everglades, what high
land have they in mind that they expect
to help the State pay for irrigation for
the Government? l Iwould snuggst that
the sand hill 200 feet high, spoken of in
Mr. Kings affidavit, might be a proper S
place for the Times-Union to begin.
Why is it that draining the Kissim-
mee valley and the Everglades was such
a great work when written about by Mr. S
Ingraham, vice-president of the East
Coast Railroad, in May, 1904? Was it n
because they then thought the railroad
would own the land, which railroad a
owns the paper? If it was good then, a
what makes it bad now? Is it that they a
believe that the present Trustees will d
save the land for the people and prevent t
its exploitation by their bosses? Why is
everything cried down by certain news- b
papers when it is of benefit to the peo- V
pie, and praised when it is of benefit to
the corporations? Every long-eared ani-
mal knows his master's crib. The one
animal is worse than the other, as he c
hates him who does not recognize a boss. r
I further stated that these newspaper o
editors hated the free people of the State
because they themselves were not free, t
but had violated their oath of allegiance
to the best interests of the State for a C
monthly stipend. .
Why should an editorial in a news-
paper weigh any more than the opinion
of the one man who writes it? If that
opinion be really his, and prompted by .
conscience and good judgment, should i
not the opinion of any other honest
man, conscientiously expressed, count
for just as much? And should not his
judgment be just as good? Editors are
considered by many people seriously, as
though they were inspired with more
than ordinary intelligence, and their
opinions entitled to more weight than
the same opinion would be if expressed
by some individual who did not run a
In my opinion, the editorial in a
newspaper, if it expresses the dictates '
of the conscience o the editor, would
be entitled to the same consideration
that the conscientious opinion of any
other citizen of like intelligence and
keenness of conscience-and this is the
most that can be said to the credit of
the editor. But suppose that editor edits
a newspaper owned by a man whose in-
terests in FOOLING THE PEOPLE"
amounted to millions of dollars to him-
should it then carry as much weight as
though the same opinion was expressed
by the humblest citizen of the State,
who had no such stake at issue?
Whom do these editors represent? Is
it the will of the people that one hun.
dred million dollars worth of their prop-
erty shall be taken from them? If so,
they are right in their contention. If
the people do not desire this vast terri.
tory taken from them, the newspapers
are wrong. Would the people of Florida
enjoy producing one hundred and thirty.
seven million dollars' worth of sugar,
which is more than five times as great
as the value of all of the crops combined,
including livestock, of the people of Flor-
ida, for the best year?
If they would, and you know that
they would, then do these newspapers
represent the will of the people?
When these editors proclaim daily
their love for the people, and the devel-
opment of the State that gives them
their daily bread, are they sincere? You
know they are not. Their works do not
conform to their professions. They have
heralded abroad for years the cry that
the people of Florida were unprogres.
sine, but that they were advocates of
On account of the interest aroused by Governor
development and progress. Do their
works prove the truth of their asser-
ons? Their works do not.
These newspapers are no more than
vehicles that carry deception in their
lumns. They proclaim falsehood to the
people through their news columns, that
hey know would not be believed or paid
attention to, if written in their editorial
Having in mind Mr. W. R. Carter
nd Mr. George Wilson. You know Mr.
Vilson; you know Mr. Carter. How much
eight do you give their opinion, when
expressed to you upon a public question?
should their editorials count for any
PEECH OF GOVERNOR BROWARI)
The only question raised by the
newspapers that oppose reclaiming the
Everglades, and that should require an
answer is, "Are there not millions of
acres of land in Florida now that are
ot cultivated and that do not require
rainage and irrigation?" which ques-
ion I will answer by asking them some
questions: "What crops can be raised
est on the reasonably fertile lands of
Vest, North, East and Middle Florida?"
'he answer must be cotton, corn, sweet
potatoes, Irish potatoes, peaches, small
rops of sugarcane and some vegetables.
Is it not a fact that where we can
aise some corn, no one will contend that
ur farmers can raise corn cheap enough
o ship it abroad and sell it in compe-
ition with the States north and west
of Florida, where many times as many
bushels can be raised per acre as we can
raise here? The newspapers may say,
That is true, but how about cotton?' Is
t not a fact that the farmers of the
South have organized to prevent any
increase in acreage being planted on ac-
count of overproduction and a fear of
falling prices in event of overproduction ?
Someone may say, "Sweet potatoes?" Is
the market not very limited for that
crop? The same can truthfully be said of
Irish potatoes, peaches and vegetables,
and some fear an overproduction of
oranges, and we can easily glut the mar-
ket with tomatoes, celery and other veg-
etables. We can only successfully raise
them for the winter and early spring
market. The papers may ask, "What can
be raised on the Everglades?" I will ask
them another question. "Suppose you
were going into farming as a business,
would you not first investigate and find
out what crop you could plant and sell
without great danger of overproduction
and falling prices, or some crop that you
would not be forced immediately into
sharp competition with the same prod-
ucts of other farmers from other States
of the Union?" I an satisfied that you
will answer "yes."
Then let us look at the agricultural
reports of the United States. What do
they show? They show that we consume
in the United States 2,767,162 tons of
sugar. The statistics show that the total
amount of sugar produced in the United
States from domestic molasses is 15,000
tons; sugarcane, 323,649 tons; maple,
12,000 tons; beet, 170,135 tons, making a
grand total of 521,095 tons. Imported
sugar, 2,246,068 tons.
Domestic sugar, valued
at 3 1-2c per pound.. .$ 36,476,640.00
Imported sugar, valued 0
at 3 1-2c per pound.. 157,224,760.00
Imported sugar more than equals all
of our exports, which, last year were:
Wheat ................ $ 47,446,921.00
Wheat flour .......... 3,905,579.00
Naval stores .......... 18,106,641.00
Beef .................. 34,8(8,857.00
otal .............. .$144,494,154.00
This is $12,730,606 less than the value
of sugar brought in from foreign coun-
tries. The same papers will say, 'But
what about it? We know that statement
is true.' Everyone that knows anything
about sugarcane knows that South Flor-
arch 17, 1906
is the home of the sugaroane in th
united States. A half million acres c
e Florida Everglades will produce
une enough to supply the entire anoum
Sugar imported here from foreign
entries, without being in competition
ith any other cane growers in Florid
r in fact, in competition with any other
ne growers in the United States, until
had produced more than the tote
ount imported, which amount exceed
y more than twelve million dollars th
ount now received by the citizens o
ery State in the Union for corn, floui
heat, beef and naval stores, and as i
understood by sugar experts and other
ho have investigated sugarcane grow
ag and manufacturing, to be able t
nomically produce sugar, the can
ust be near enough to the mill, so tha
it can be placed in cars by machinery
run into the mill on one side as cane
and go out at the other side as granu
lated sugar, and the supply of cane mus
be great enough to furnish not less thai
three hundred tons per day. In the Ev
erglades we have millions of acres o
land without a tree or root upon it, thai
is as rich as any in the world, and mil
lions of acres suitable for cane.
The newspapers may say, "What
would it cost to drain a half million
acres of the Everglades ?" I would sap
that $1 per acre would be a large allow
ance for the expense. The newspaper
would say, "Why not select a half million
acres of land that does not require drain
agfe, as a canefield ?" I will answer them
that they cannot find a half million acres
in one body anywhere else in the United
States, suitable to grow sugar cane, and
if a half million acres of rich, hammock
land can be found, it would require some
thirty to sixty dollars an acre to elear
each acre of timber, scrub, roots and pre.
pare it for cultivation, which would
mean from fifteen to thirty million dol.
lars, and as there are not many farmers
worth that sum, I do not expect soon
to see such a cane field anywhere else.
By way of explanation, I will say,
consider the small cane fields in the
northern portions of Florida and the
southern portions of Georgia in the
sugar problem. The lands in these sec-
tions suitable for the cultivation of
sugarcane are not close enough together
to warrant the establishment of a sugar
mill, therefore it has been estimated by
those who have given the subject careful
study, that tney must produce and sell
syrup, rather than undertake to make
sugar for the market.
Governor Bloxham took strong
ground in his Message to the Legisla-
ture of 1899 in support of the reclama-
tion of the swamp and overflowed lands
of the State, and arrayed an impressive
statement of facts, opinions of experts
and arguments favoring this grbat
Governor Mitchell was likewise a great
drainage enthusiast, and from the per-
sistent and devoted efforts of those two
great Floridians, the people are in pos-
session of reliable, scientific data bearing
upon the question of soil, fertility and
specie of crop for which this vast re-
gin is adapted. We learn from the data
gathered by Governors Bloxnam and
Mitchell that the reclaimed lands offers
a new soil for agricultural development,
samples taken from numerous points
throughout the drainage district have
been analyzed by prominent chemists of
Europe and America, a comparison of re-
sults show a remarkable uniformity in
components of these rich soils.
Prof. A. P. Aiken of the Royal Agri-
cultural Society of bootland, in his ana-
lytical report, states: "It resembles in
texture the finest potting mold. The
amount of nitrogenous matter contained
in it is what one expects to find in a
manure rather than a soil. I have never
seen a sample of a soil so attractive or
containing in it to such a degree those
characteristics of a soil that indicate
Prof, W. H. Wiley, Chief Chemist of
the United States Agricultural Depart-
ment, states that: "These lands are new
to agriculture and superior to any other
soil in their capabilities for heavy
crops." Like expressions are given by
Messrs. Voeleker & Sons, Agricultural
Chemists of London, Prof. D. Take, Di-
rector of the Peat Experiment Station,
Bremen, and Prof. W. J. Williams of
the Keystone Chemical Company of Phil-
The following analysis is a fair pre-
THE SUN 5
sensation of the results arrived at by
the high professional skill of the most
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF SOILS.
(a) New estate in Jamaica.
(b) Demerara Plantation, worked fif-
(od) Sample of sawgrass soil (sugar
lands) Okeechobee Land Co., Fla.
Moisture .. .. .. .. .. .. ...
Organic matter and combined water....
Silica and insoluble silicates..........
Alumina ........ ...... ..
Oxide of iron .. ..... .. ..
Lim e .. .. .. .. .. ... .. .. ..
Magnesia .. .. .. .. .. .. .....
Potash .. .. .. .. .... .. .. ..
Soda .. .. .
Phosphoric acid .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Sulphuric acid .. .. .. .... ....
Chlorine .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
Oxide of manganese, carbonic, acid and
loss in analysis .. ........
r.' i ,
Nitrogen (in organic matter) ........
t The planter in Florida can depend
M upon a much longer season for the ma.
- during and harvesting of his crops of
sugarcane than in Louisiana. In Flor-
ida the crops can ordinarily remain
- standing until about March 1; in Lou-
isiana it is important, on account of
liability to freeze, to finish milling the
cane by the first of January.
The Hon. Claus Spreckles, whose great
plantation in the Hawaiian islands, and
beet sugar fields in California, and im.
r mense sugar refinery at Philadelphia,
place him in the lead of the world's
sugar growers, in the letter accompany-
growth of sugarcane. The soil is as rich
ness and value .of the reclaimed land for
"Philadelphia, Pa., March 22, 1890.
"Mr. Hamilton Disston:
"Dear Sir-In answer to yours of the
20th instant, in which you ask my opin-
ion regarding Florida as a sugar-pro-
ducing State, I take pleasure in saying
that during my recent trip to inspect
your sugar operations my surprise was
great at finding such a country for the
growth of sugarcane. The soil is as which
as any that I have ever seen, and with
proper cultivation the yeild should be
equal to that of any other country on
the face of the globe.
"I congratulate you upon the bright
prospect for the future of the sugar
business in the State of Florida.
And I also quote letter from Captain
Purse, president of the Interstate Sugar
Growers' Association; also a letter in-
cloned to me by him, which letter was
written by Prof. H. W. Wiley, Chief
Chemist of the Department of Agricul-
ture of the United States, addressed to
Messrs. Abel & Bon, Terra Cela, Fla.,
and dated May 26th, 1903, showing an-
alyses made by him, which letter also
gives the views of Professor Wiley upon
the subject of the sample sent him:
"Atlanta, Ga., Nov. 25. 1905.
"Governor N. B. Broward, Tallahassee,
"Dear Sir-T write you at the instance
of our mutual friend, President W. R.
Fuller of the Tampa Board of Trade,
and in a day or two will forward you a
package of literature bearing upon cane
cultivation and syrup-making in the
South Atlantic and Gulf States. The best
that I can say in regard to the produc-
tion of commercial sugar from cane in
Florida is to be found in the copy of the
analysis of that produced in Manatee
County by Dr. H. W. Wiley. Chief of
Bureau of Chemistry. United States De-
partment of Agriculture, which shows
the cane in question to be the richest
in the world in sugar contents, afford-
ing a basis for exploitation exceeding
and surpassing anything in the TTnited
States, Cuba or the Hawaiian Islands.
So important and valuable do I consider
a thorough study of the cane industry
for Florida, and so valuable do I con-
sider the influence of its development
there upon the areas best adapted to it
in Georgia, et al., that it would afford
me nleasure at any time to meet you
at Tallahassee, or Jacksonville, or at
Tampa, and discuss this matter more at
length, that you may take it up nl your
next annual mes e to the Legislature
of Florida and place its exploitation
upon the strongest basis that favorable
legislation can put it. Awaiting your
further pleasure, Governor.
"Yours very truly, D. G. PURSE,
"United States Department of
culture, Bureau of Chemistry,
ington, D. C., May 26, 1903.
"Messrs. W. H. Abel & Sons, Terre Cela,
"Gentlemen-I have received the four
samples of cane which you sent by mail,
probably representing the same lot of
cane, but in four packages.
"The samples have been analyzed and
the juice was found to have mne follow-
2245-Density, 21.0; sucrose, 19.0 per
cent; purity, 00.5 per cent; glucose,
2240-Density, 20.8; sucrose, 18.7 per
cent; purity, 90.8 per cent; glucose,
2247-Density, 20.4; sucrose, 18.0 per
cent; purity, 88.2 per cent; glucose,
2248-Density, 21.7; sucrose, 19.8 per
cent; purity, 01.2 per cent; glucono,
"These are the most remarkable sam.
pies that we have ever examined. They
contain no glucose or reducing sugar
whatever when tested by the ordinary
method. After prolonging boiling in the
glucose test a very faint red can he seen
by transmitted light, but not enough
coloration to enter even as a trace. These
samples are so peculiar in this respect
that I shall be glad to have a detailed
history of how grown, how long they
were growing, the character of the soil,
and everything connected with them,
giving the date of harvest and all other
agricultural data at hand. For the
above reasons these samples merit a par-
ticular study and description.
"H. W. WILEY. Chief."
"Washington, D. C., Jan. 26, 1006.
"lHon. N. B. Broward, Governor, Talla-
"Dear Sir-I have the honer to ac-
knowledge the receipt of your favor of
January 16., with. inclosures relating to
the drainage of the Everglade lands in
your State. The information given in
vour letter and that contained in the
two pamphlets you inclosed indicate
that you have undertaken a work which
is of great magnitude and will add im-
mensely to the agricultural possibilities
of the State if carried to successful com-
pletion. I am much impressed with the
statements which appear to be well sup-
ported, that the muck land, which it is
proposed to reclaim, will be a valuable
acquisition to the area of sugarcane
lands of the South. I appreciate the in-
terest you take in the agricultural de-
velopment of your State, and also the
fact that such development will be iof
value to the entire country. I shall be
glad to confer with any members of Con-
gress from your State regarding this
subject, and if the appropriation made
is sufficient will be glad to co-operate
with you in any way possl', for the
advancement of the subject you duescrlh.
"I shall also be glad to detail the en- ,
tineers of this department engaged in |
drainage investigations for a conference ,
with your engineers from time to time ,
for the purpose of determining the best i
plan and most practicable methods for
reclaiming the immense area of Ever-
glade land. It is easily seen from a pe- (
rural of the matter which you have so
aoarteously furnashed e that earful
red with water, are incapable of being
surveyed and sub-divided, and are there-
ore valueless to the United States:
"And Whereas, It is believed that a
large portion of said lands may be
rained by canals, reclaimed, and made
(Continued.on Twelfth Page)
investigation should be made with ref-
erence not only to the engineering prob-
lem involved, but the fertility of the
land proposed to be reclaimed and its
possible agricultural value for the pro-
duction of crops adapted to that climate.
Occupying as they do a sub-tropical po-
sition in our country, a peculiar inter-
est attaches to their reclamation and
"Assuring you of my sincere interest
in your project, and such assistance as I
may in the future be able to render, I
am, very respectfully yours,
"(Signed) JAMES WILSON."
As to the elevation of the center of
the Everglades at Lake Okeechobee, sur-
veys made by the following United
States civil engineers, are referred to:
Survey made by Capt. W. M. Black,
report to be found in Part II, report to
Secretary War, 1889, elevation estab-
lished at Lake Okeechobee and the
Everglades, 21 feet and 4 inches above
the sea level.
Survey made by United States ten
years before under General Gilmore, only
shows a difference of 2 1-2 inches in the
elevation; also survey made by Capttain
D)akynfe, in 1901; and in addition there-
to, the elevation of the Everglades has
been established at about the same fig-
ures by the following prominent and cap-
able engineers, to-wit:
Mr. J. M. Kreamer, in 1801.
John W. Newnan, in 1905.
Mr. J. 0. Fries, in 1905; and V. P.
Keller, in 1891, for the Disaton Land
I ask you to consider whether the care-
ful scientific work of these gentlemen
can be honestly disregarded by the
Times-Union and Metropolis, and they
force upon the people estimates made by
persons who only claim to have hunted
d(leer and otters in the neighborhood, or,
as one has guessed, that Okeechobee was
below tide level, because he thought the
water was flowing up stream in a creek,
when if he desired to find out, all that
would have been necessary for him to
have done would have been to taste the
water and found whether it was salt or
If the Metropolis and Timen-Union de-
Aired to give true information to the
people, why did they not ask Captain
Shunk, United States Engineer at Jack-
sonville, who had the levels of the upper
St. Johns river taken by his force in
1003, which survey shows that Lake
Monroe, at Sanford, was but four feet
and one inch above sea level, and that
Lake Washington was but fifteen feet
and eight inches above sea level. Now,
in it not fair to assume that if the water
flown down the St. Johns river from
Lake Monroe to the sea, a distance of
two hundred and three miles, with only
a fall of four feet and one inch, that the
water would run from Lake Okeechobee
and the Everglades, twenty-one feet four
inches above sea level, through canals
into the Gulf or the ocean, when the dis-
tanee would be not more than one-tenth
The apparent ignorance of the two
newspapers in very great. They have
gone hundreds of miles away and gath-
ered misinformation when accurate
knowledge upon the subject could have
been obtained by them from the United
Htntes engineers office, which office Is
within a few hundred feet of where the
papers are printed.
DUTY OF THE TRUST'rEES.
The State of Florida solemnly pledged
taelf to drain the swamp and overflowed
hands away hack in 1848, as witness the
following joint resolution adopted by the
General Ansnembly and signed by the
Governor, January 6, 1848.
IMEROLUTION IN REFERENCE TO
DRAINING THE EVERGLADES.
"Whereas, Large tracts of the public
hands lying in the vicinity of Lake Okee-
hobee, and in that region south of said
ake called "the Everglades." being cov-
March 17, 1906
By Edward Fitjgerald.
Although the rumor was denied when first cir-
culated that Hon. J. Walter Kehoe of Pensacola
would be a candidate for the seat of Congressman
Lamar, yet the report is again being spread but
contains no more foundation for report than before.
Mr. Kehoe, who Is State Attorney for the First
Judicial Circuit, and a bright, able man, would
doubtless fill the position in an acceptable manner,
but he does not appear willing to enter this contest,
though he has been strongly urged to do so by zeal-
ous friends, or those who endeavor to pose in that
Not that he is lacking in political ambition, but
he is shrewd enough to see that he is quite com-
fortably fixed at present, while to enter the contest
with Mr. Lamar, would possibly be a seeking of dis-
aster sufficient to wreck future prospects.
It is not likely, therefore, that Mr. Kehoe will
yield to temptation, and the fight will be with Mr.
Lamar and Hon. J. D. Stephens of Marianna as the
only candidates for the office.
The opposition to Congressman Lamar has been
disappointed at the unfruitful effort to. secure a
candidate possessing a degree of strength indicat-
ing anything like success. Those who might have a
show of winning are reluctant to face the chances
for slaughter, being content to wait a more favora-
ble opportunity to apply for the job of representing
the people in Washington.
Pensacola furnishes a novelty, though, in the
reviving of two who were supposed to be politically
dead and each wants the same offlce-member of the
legislature-George T. Morgan, City Comptroller,
and A. H. d'Alemberte, for many years Tax Collector
of Esoambia County.
Morgan's candldacy shows the attempt of the
Welles faction to crawl up to the pie counter again,
after the crushing defeat of a year ago when the
Citizens' ticket was victorious. Morgan has long
been the lieutenant of Welles, the "Big One," whose
reign of bossism finally became so intolerable that the
people refused to bear it longer, and if Morgan wins
it will be an apt illustration of the tenacity of life
in the follower of a ring, men though the people
think that the machine has been smashed.
Probably no more effective squelching of a candi-
date ever happened in Escambia County than that
given d'Aemberte when he ran for Sheriff two years
ago, yet he again appears in the arena smiling and
confident that he will be chosen for the Legislature.
An attempt was made last week to stir up a little
excitement in the First Congresional District by
publication of a rumor that Hon. W. S. Jennnig%
would enter the race against Steve Sparkman, but
there is "nothing doing.'
Ex.Governor Jennings, when asked as to the truth
of the report, smilingly proeaNted, declaring that it
waa untrue and adding that he "had other fish to
fry, thus the field of opposition to Sparkman is
stll barren, a matter of gratification to the 'many
admirers of that gentleman.
Singular that a favorite stunt of Florida TLegisla-
tures7s the trying to undo the ork of previous
seios. A measure that loks at the time of
its paage is found to be o at the succeed
g mseson. Asb Budkman law w --seems to be the
aultthg desrvig of abotlos This was a spe.
eies of legislation well planned, but failing of exe-
It is no secret that the measure would never have
passed if doubt existed in the minds of those whose
votes were necessary, that the University would be
moved from Lake City. That is the present bone of
contention, and there will be enough knives whetted
in the coming campaign to trim the Buckman law in
a fashion to afford some consolation to those who
were lacerated by the harsh teeth of the trap into
which they walked last session.
Among those who have bobbed up for re-election
to the Legislature is A. J. P. Julian of Lake City,
who last session tasted political life as a Represent-
ative from Columbia County, and now wants to be
He will be remembered by the State press as the
fellow who protested against a more liberal libel
law in Florida, declaring that the newspapers were
permitted entirely too much liberty and a strict
law was needed to curb their expressions. This was
his most brilliant feat of statesmanship during his
term, not a very creditable circumstance upon which
to base expectation of receiving the votes of Ameri-
can citizens, whose liberties are preserved by a free
County division offers prospect for work by the
next legislature. Indications are that Polk will be
cut in two. thus satisfying the inhabitants of Lake-
land and the northern portion of the county, while
agitation is aroused in Hillsboro for division, and
Dade appears to be too large to suit certain citizens.
The plan of division in Hillsboro will be to cut off
the Pinellas peninsula from the old county, forming
the new county of the territory known as the west
coast, with St. Petersburg as the county seat.
A report comes trom Dade County that a plan
for division is being mapped out, but definite scope
of the project has not been revealed. Increase of pop-
ulation will undoubtedly force such action before
long, even if It is not done next year. The placing
of the county seat at Miami, in the southern por-
tion of the county, is a source of much dissatisfac-
tion to those living far to the northward, and the
scheme for division may have strong support.
It is something new in Hamilton County to have
an election for Senator without Frank Adams being
in the race, coming out as the winner, but some time
ago Mr. Adams announced his retirement from poll-
ties and that he was positive in such statement is
shown by his not announcing again for the Senate.
Two candidates seek the honor, however, and the
contest will be one of interest to the citizens of that
John L. Smith, who has served two terms as Rep-
resentative from Hamilton, hopes to gain the seat so
long and ably filled by Mr. Adams, while his oppo-
nent is R. H. Hunter, also a former member of the
lower House, and who has equally high hopes of
John A. Graham. the electric magnate of Mana-
tee, has heard a voice bidding him serve the people
as Representative. and lihe is now hard at work in
the effort to obey the call. He claims to have been
nursed in the trundle Iwd of Democracy. but his cam-
paign literature reads as if he had slept under a
Naturally, therefore, the railroads, corporations,
etc., are denounced as tax-dodgers, non-producers,
bloodsuckers and the like, and Mr. Graham demands
reformation of the tax laws that these may not
escape their just proportion of the public burden.
The program is hackneyed, not but that certain re-
forms along this line would be worthy objects to
encompass, but the trouble is the advocacy and not
the doing. It is pertinent to ask if Mr. Graham's
properties have always paid taxes on their full valua-
tion? This is mentioned, as the hand to cast the
stone should be clean.
Mr. Graham will be opposed by A. T. Cornwell,
who was a member last session, and was noted as
one of the earnest workers of the body, and who
feels that his services should entitle him to further
recognition by the whole of Manatee County.
Baker County will have diversion in the selecting
of a Representative to the Legislature, as two have
announced for the office-C. F. Barber and L. C.
Cobb. Mr. Cobb was a member of the last Legisla-
ture, and points to faithful performance of duties
as reason for re-election. Mr. Barber formerly
served in the Senate, where he was conspicuous for
a brief interval when the deadlock between Call
and Chipley was broken and Mallory was elected to
the United States Senate.
Alfred St. Clair-Abrams of Tavares wishes to be
chosen Sepator from Lake County. He also served
as Representative, where he succeeded in keeping
himself in the public eye to a certain extent. If
elected Senator he will doubtless seek the Presi-
dency of that body, as he has great ambition to shine
as a legislative presiding officer.
HUNGER STRIKE IN ST. PETERSBURG PRIS-
ONS-HUNGER STALKING AMONG PEOPLE.
While famine is reported from twenty provinces,
the only poor people who must be fed regularly have
inaugurated a hunger strike, namely the inmates of
all St. Petersburg prisons. They threaten to kill
themselves by refusing food and drink to induce the
Czar to prevent maltreatment of female prisoners.
The latest victim of police brutality is Olga Savads-
kaja, a student of medicine, accused of conspiracy.
When Olga was ordered to prepare for a hearing in
court she refused to go, and the gendarmes carried
her off by force, after binding the young girl hand
and foot. While she was dragged along the prison
corridor, the gendarmes maltreated her, whereupon
she became hysterical and uttered wild cries of agony.
The prison was in an uproar at once. The other fe-
male prisoners, 500 or 600 in number, clamored
loudly for the release of their comrade, and the riot
spread to the male department, all knocking at the
doors, demanding justice, smashing windows, rat-
tling chains, cursing, praying and singing. The
governor threatened to Inundate the cells, but the
prisoners knew that he durst not do that owing to
the cold, and they continued their clamor until they
were thoroughly exhausted.
In some way the news was communicated to the
other prisons of the city, and similar demonstrations
were inaugurated in the course of the day and night
"'. all city prisons and police stations. As a conse-
quence, Dictator Trepoff ordered that all prisoners'
privileges should be cut off until further notice. No
more visiting days, no books, papers, writing ma-
terial, no food, tobacco or light When Trepoffs
order was read to the prisoners they declared at
once they would starve themselves to death unless
the order was rescinded and their own demand that
female prisoners receive decent and humane treat-
ment be granted without evasion or delay.
rch 17, 1906
Av George V. Hobart
"' ME,' IN THE
Throw me in the cellar and batten
down the hatches.
I'm a wreck in the key of G flat.
I side-stepped in among a bunch of
language-heavers yesterday and ever
since I've been sitting on the ragged
edge with my feet hanging over.
I was on my way down to Wall
SStreet to help J. Pierpont Morgan buy
| a couple of railroads and all the world
'seemed as blithe and gay as a love
clinch from Laura Jean Libbey's latest.
When I climbed into the cable car I
felt like a man who had mailed money
to himself the night before.
I was aces.
And then somebody blew out my gas.
At the next corner two society flash-
lights flopped in and sat next to me.
They had a lot of words they wanted
to use and they started in.
The car stopped and two more of the
400's leading ladies jumped the hurdles
and came down the aisle.
They sat on the other side of me.
In a minute they began to bite the
Their efforts aroused the energies of
three women who sat opposite me, and
they proceeded to beat the English lan-
guage black and blue.
In a minute the air was so full of
talk that the grip germs had to pull out
on the platform and chew the conductor.
The next one to me on my left started
"Oh, yes; we discharged our cook day
before yesterday, but there's another
coming this evening, and so--"
Her friend broke away and was up
and back to the center with this:
"I was coming down Broadway this
morning and I saw Julia Marlowe's
leading man. I'm sure it was him, be-
cause I saw the show once in Chicago,
and he has the loveliest eyes I ever
I knew that that was my cue to walk
out, kick the motorman in the knuckles,
upset the car and send in a fire call, but
I passed it up.
I just sat there and bit my nails like
the heavy villain in one of Corse Pay-
ton's ten, twen, their dramas.
That "loveliest eyes" speech had me
Whenever I hear a woman turn on
that "loveliest eyes" gag about an actor
I always feel that a swift slap from a
wet dishrag would look well on her back
Then the bunch across the aisle got
"Well, you know," says the broad
lady who paid for one seat and was com-
pelled by Nature to use three, "you
know there's only five in our family,
and so I just take five slices of stale
broad and have a bowl of water ready in
which I've dropped a pinch of salt. Then
I take a piece of butter about the size
of a walnut, and thoroughly grease the
bottom of a frying pan; then beat five
eggs to a froth, and--"
I'm hoping the conductor will come
in and give us all a tip to take to the
timber because the cops are going to
pinch the room, but there's nothing
One of the dames on my right finds
her voice and passes it around-
"Oh, I think it's a perfect fright! I
always did detest electric blue, anyway.
It ils so unbebemln. and thS--"
I've just decided that this lady ought
to make up as a Swede servant girl and
play the part, when her friend hooks
"Oh, yes; I think it will look perfectly
sweet It is a foulard in one of those
new heliotrope tints, made with a crepe
de chine chemisette, with a second vest
peeping out on either side of the front
over an embroidered satin vest and out
in scallops on the edge, finished with a
full ruche of white chiffon, and the
sleeves are just top tight for any use,
and the skirt is too long for any good,
and I declare the lining is too sweet!
A COUPLE OF SOCIETY FLASH-
I just hate to wear it out on the street
and get it soiled, and I was going to
have it made with a tunic, and Mrs.
Wigwag-that's my brother-in-law's first
cousin-she had her's made to wear with
guimps-and they are so economical I
Think of a guy having to ride four
miles and get his forehead fanned all the
while with talk about foulard and crepe
de chine and guimpesl
Wouldn't it lead you to a padded
Say! I was down and out-no kid.
I wanted to get up and fight the door.
tender, but I could t.
One of the conversationalists was sit-
ting on my overcoat.
I felt that if I got up and called my
coat back to Papa she might lose the
thread of her story, and the jar would
be something frightful.
Bo I sat still and saved her life.
The one on my right must have been
the Lady President of The Hammer
She was talking about some other girl
and she didn't do a thing to the absent
She sa ashe was swe.
I suppose that's Dago for a shine.
That's the way with some women.
They can't come right out and call an-
other woman a polish. They have to
beat around the bush and chase their
friends to the swamps by throwing
things like "svelte" at them. Tush I
WITH HIII MANI)OLIN.
I tried to duck the foreign tattle on
my right and by so doing I'm net to
this on my left:
"Oh, yes; I think politics is just too
lovely l I don't remember whether I'd
rather be a Democrat or a Republican,
but I think-oh I just look at the bat
that woman has on I Isn't that a fright?
Wonder if she trimmed It herself, Of
course she did; you can tell by--*"
I'm gasping for breath when the
broad lady across the aisle puts the
"No, indeed I I didn't have Ellha vac-
cinated. Why, she's too small yst, and
don't you know my sister's husband's
brother's child was vaccinated, and she
is younger than our Elisea, but I don't
just care, I don't want--"
Then the sweet girlish thing on my
left gave me the corkscrew jab.
It was the finish:
"Isn't that lovely? Well, as I was
telling you, Charlie came last night and
brought Mr. Storeclose with him. Mr.
Storeclose Is awfully nice. He plays
the mandolin Just too sweet for any-
Mel-to the oyster beds! No male
inipersonators garroting a mandolin-
not any in mine!
When I want to take a course in
music I'll climb into a public library
and read how Baldy Sloane wrote the
Tiger Lily with one hand tied behind
him and his feet on the piano.
So I fell off the car and crawled home
Florida East Coast Hotel Company
HOTEL PONCE DE LEON HOTEL ROYAL POINCIANA
It Augusib Palm Nmh, as Lake Wsor
Now open Now open
Closes Saturday, April 7, 1006 Closes Monday, April 2, 1906
HOTEL ALCAZAR HOTEL ROYAL PALM
StL Auth IMad
Now open Now open
Closes Saturday, April 21, 1906 Closes Tuesday, April 3, 1900
HOTEL ORMOND HOTEL COLONIAL
Omui.n M.t.*IlMlax NMsat, N. P. (iMdma misleads)
Now open Now open
Closes Monday, April 9, 1906 Closes Monday, April 2, 1096
HOTEL THE BREAKERS HOTEL THE CONTINENTAL
Now open Opens Thurmlay, March 15, 190W
Closes Saturday, April 7, 1906 Clom during Augunt
PARTIAL PRICE LIST OF
Wines, Whisies, Beer and Malt
M wMI m ees 4gt ie 11
Hunting Club Rye...............2 M 4 00 I
Nelson County Rye............ 290 4 2
Monomp RP .................. 8 D 4 0
Hanne's"44Rye............... 76 500
SSoeaI Drops ....................... 4 660 AO I
SMalt WhMiker.................. 8 76 00
Peach Brandy..................... 8 75 500
Apple Brandy..................... 3 75 600
Holland a ........................ 2 O 4 Z
Geneva ........................ 8 76 500
North Carolina Corn....... 2 M 4 00
Mountain Corn.....................8 76 6 00
Jama Rum.................2... 20O 4 2
Medford Rum........................ 76 600
Gmrape Brmdy..................... 3 7 65 00
King of Kentucky Bourbon 3 76 5 o00
U4rm w8t a udl6A o fo o mon go
W. Adam St. HI
Rye, Gin, Corn, ood rade...........................1 0
Rye, (n, Corn, Rum, fine qualit.................... 00
Rye (in, Corn.Rumn, bet for the moneyr....... 2 00
"4" re Peach andR Appl e Brandy, allow.
ed br Se ........ ........................ 00
Victoria Rye. Social Drops Rye, medleinal
quality ................................................. 4 00
LM IT. uM = Foer,
Falstaff Heer.................................................. 1
Extra Pale........................................................ I 10
Standard ...................................................... I 00
Malt itact, dark .......... ............................. 110
C(obur trr, m................................... 2 00
Gulnness stout. pin .................................... 2 2
PiIWmI b med es u W a a0Ise
Saturmag, March 17, 1906
How the Two Jacksonville Dailies Have Placed the E,
Degeneracy of any kind is a menace to society, but the type exerting the
utmost force toward the imperil of citizenship is degenerate Journalism.
The great newspaper, sinking downward into an immoral slough; dragging
its readers into a slimy morass of untruth-
The editor, fortified in the position that was built up and strengthened in
the public mind by the clean-handed work of others, uses his power for personal
gain and revengeful action--
The paper that robs its constituency of its due by suppression of news,
through perversion of facts, by misrepresentations and quotations colored to suit
the personal ends of the editor-
These are the revolting features of degenerate journalism.
When a great paper is conducted in such a manner it becomes an active
agent for evil, the more formidable if its past has been such as to inspire public
To an appalling degree of degeneracy has the Times-Union fallen under the
editorship of Oeorge W. Wilson.
From Its high estate of irreproachable character and distinguished repute
it has dropped to the lowest level as a suppressor of truth.
Under its present management it has descended down and down until it has,
in the outward shell of former respectability, become a HANDBILL FOR HUM-
BUG CARNIVALS, FAKE SHOWS and promotions of SCHEMES OF VARIOUS
KINDS, TENDING TO DECEIVE the public under the pretense of advancing
the interests of Jacksonville, but really to ADD TO THE FINANCIAL STATUS
OF ITS EDITOR.
The shadow of the past has aided to this end. The antecedents of the Times-
Union were beyond reproach.
It was the amalgamation of the best in Jacksonville journalism.
It represented the combined efforts of those who had made the Times, the
Union, the old Times-Union and the Citizen.
With this heritage it faced a future full of promise.
The Times, conducted -by the gifted, if erratic, Varnum, the Union, under
the management of the pure McCallum, and the combination of the two by the
brilliant Charles H. Jones, peculiar in character, but a newspaper man of great
ability, and then the Citizen, edited by the scholarly and talented Lorettus Met-
calfe, brought a legacy to the new Tiples-Union rich in faith and loyalty.
That was the condition when placed in charge of George W. Wilson.
A great paper, with the whole State for its territory; with thousands look-
ing to it for information and guidance.
Its geographical position assured its supremacy as a State paper.
Its past had endeared it to its followers.
Its telegraphic service and facilities for gathering the news placed it far
above all contemporaries.
In every respect it was, and should have continued, the reliable information
chart for Floridians; the accurate daily volume of current events.
But its present management has disregarded the integrity of journalism.
Its editor has degraded his profession and put the taint of ill-repute upon
this great paper, taking from it the character of spotlessness it should have
and forcing it into depths of charlatanism that his own purposes may be
--- .. lll--. .. -' -- I -
The latest degredation imposed upon the once respected Times-Union, and
carried through it to its thousands of readers, was the false quotation of Gov.
ernor Broward in his speech in this city March 3, when he was reported as
denouncing the entire State press.
A misstatement, printed with the evident intention of placing the Governor
in false position before the public press in order to fostor prejudice against the
project of Everglade improvement.
GOVERNOR BROWARD DID NOT DENOUNCE THE ENTIRE STATE
PRESS in his speech of March 3. He did refer to two newspapers-the Times-
Union and Metropolis-and severely censured them.
Not because they opposed him, but for the reason that THEY WOULD NOT
PRINT BOTH SIDES OF THE CASE.
To get rid of the odium thus cast the report was made to include ALL of
the State papers.
A crafty piece of work to create antagonism between the entire press of the
State and Governor Broward, that the editor of the Times-Union might better
maintain his opposition to Everglade drainage.
Not only was it a great injury to the Governor, but an act of injustice Lt' the
newspaper men of the State, who look to the Times-Union for information.
They were deceived, and in view of the insult offered them, as alleged by the
The Big Wa
Times-Union, it is not reasonable to believe that they could think of the subject
dispassionately and permit a free presentation of the plan of Everglade improve-
Certainly not; the spirit of vexation could not be allayed, and many things
would be said, regretted, however, when the truth became known.
Even though beneficial features of Governor Broward's work might impress
the editors of the State, yet after this misrepresentation by the Times-Union,
personal feeling against the Governor would cause them to more readily accept
the views of at paper without investigation.
That was the object sought in MISQUOTING GOVERNOR BROWARD.
The Times-Union, under its present management will, it appears, PRINT
ONLY THE SIDE IT FAVORS.
Opposition can seek in vain to bring its case before the people, and it was
so in this instance. The Times-Union would not print the speech of the Governor
as delivered, but garbled his words and deliberately misquoted him.
Its editor will not reprint anything favorable to the Everglade project; he
will not print hacts n-cer-iIg the prospective work.
Saturday, March 17, 1906
s of Florida in a False Position To Its Governor
But he occupies the space devoted to the subject in denouncing Governor -
Broward from the text of the paper's incorrect report of the speech and In
publishing all that may be said AGAINST Everglade improvement, carefully
OVERLOOKING THE MUCH LARGER MASS OF FAVORABLE TESTIMONY
on file in the United States Courtroom. ( *
We cannot imagine how the owners of the Times-Union, whoever they may
be, can relish with any degree of satisfaction the policy pursued by its present
It is difficult to believe that they can enjoy seeing that paper brought from
its former lofty position-esteemed for its integrity and excellence--to the
discreditable and untruthful rut into which it has been cast by its present editor.
Much is expected of the Times-Union, but alas, under its present management
how little is given.
NOTHING is expected of the Metropolis.
IT IS A HARLOT OF NEWSPAPERDOM.
Living without conscience and devoid of shame, money-getting is its only
Its business manager, in those double-leaded editorials which only he can
write, has repeatedly declared that the paper was published for the sole purpose
of making money.
Its editor is a convicted' blackmailer.
The Metropolis in a Bpnnioum blot on the newspaper map of Florida.
Lost to virtue, soulless and debauched, it will lend itself to any purpose
Its favorite newegathering spot is the gutter. It is a newspaper scavenger,
picking up the filth of the town and presenting the tainted morsels to the public.
It is the exponent of fake news and fake shows, with the dollar-mark ever
Big George thinks up schemes to separate people from their money and puts
little Willie "Me Too" next.
Little Willie "Me Too" will do a thinking stunt to the extent his capacity
will allow, take the scheme to Big George who will revise and boom it.
Each helps the other in hoodwinking the people, but in it all Bag George
contrives to hold the master-hand.
These were the two papers d4 unced by Governor Broward, and so other
paper was tiOUNM hin speeob.
Rallavy Work in Florida.
In a recent article on Railway Work for Florida, THE SUN cited what was
being done by the Atlantic Coast Line in the interest of the section of the State
its main line and numerous branches reached. We now call attention to the East
Coast Railway, that has exclusive control of the Indian river country, and runs
from St. Augustine to Miami, and ultimately is to reach Key West by a system
of rails that has no equal in the country, bridging the channels between the keys,
or coral islands, that lie all along the southern Atlantic coast of Florida, and
crossing the straits by trestle work till it reaches Key West. It will, of course,
take several years to complete a work so important to the State, in which not
only winter tourists but fruit and truck growers on the east coast, have a direct
The company, under the able management of Mr. J. E. Ingraham, who is at
the head of the land department, has always been liberal in its expenditure of
money in exploiting its opportunities for successful tropical fruit culture, by
which means, in the last few years many new stations have been established and
settlements made prominent for various Industries, among which it may be said
that pineapple culture is the most prominent.
When the Plant system of railroad lines was a distinct State corporation, the
East Coast had an active rival, both in land and tourist work. Orlando, Tampa
and other towns became prominent as points for winter visitors. But, sians the
passing of Mr. Plant and the absorption of the various divisions into a greater
system that extended into the far North, not so much activity has been displayed
or moneys expended on hotel systems as the East Coast has shown.
We are led to these comments by a earful examination of a very attrtoive
booklet just issued for the season of 190O-06 by the Florida East Coast Ralway,
entitled Florida East Coast General Information. There are about one hundred
unnumberedd) paw, with many illustrations and descriptive text of the *wns
along the line. While St. Augustine, Ormond, Daytona, Rockledg, Palm Beach
and Miami are presented as popular resorts having all the comforts, convenVies
and luxurious appointments that appeal so strongly to those with full putses,
there are many other towns described where less expensive hostelries Invite those
of moderate means to come and enjoy a "climate incomparable, more equable and
healthful than that of the Mediterranean," as beyond a doubt it is for the six
months between October and April.
But brief descriptive horticulture-for it may be said that farming, as pram
ticed along the northern belt of Florida and in some of the central western soun-
ties ean hardly be said to exist in Brevard or Dade Counties-matter is found
in this booklet, for the land department of the company, with Mr. ngraham as its
efficient head, has this subject in special charge, and issues maps and pamphlets
of information about trucking crope, pineapples and citrus fruits.
The booklet ina hand is, of course, for eirculation in the North, and sO d6es
Is beig giveA a wide cirulation.
March 17, 1906
Light that has been thrown on the abuse of the
franking privilege of Senators and Representatives
is responsible for an attempt to reform the postal
service in that respect. In the postoffioe appropria-
tion bill as it passed the House were provisions
forbidding the franking of any matter that could
not be sent by private citizens on payment of the
regular rates of postage, and the prohibiting of free
mailing by political committees of campaign litera-
ture in the guise of xttracts from the Congressional
Record, franked by a member of Congress. The Sen-
ate, however, has not concurred yet, and the proposed
reform may not be accomplished.
As evidence of graft in postal management, James
C. Keller, ex.preident of the National Association
of Letter Oarriers, cites the instance of the subsidy
given steamship companies for carrying the mails
from San Francisco to Tahiti. Seven years ago the
cost of transporting this mail was less than 1,000,
but now $48,000 is paid year yet the business be.
tween this country and Tahiti as not increased.
Several members of Congress, two years ago,
asked if the sum was not excessive, and sought a
reduction, but were informed that it was necessary
to carry mail in American ships; that it gave em-
ployment to American seamen and therefore the Gov-
ernment should be liberal.
The Congressmen were not told that while the
officers of these steamers were Americans the larger
portion of the crews were Chinese and other foreign-
ers, and Mr. Keller clearly points out that the prin-
cipal beneficiary was the Spreckles Company, the
great sugar operators.
Compulsory killing of persons in a hopeless con-
dition of health has been brought to the attention
of two Legislatures. In Ohio such a measure was
knocked out with scant ceremony, but a similar bill is
now before the House in the Iowa Legislature.
The bill was introduced by Dr. Gregory, and in
explanation he said: "Nothing but common sense
legislation to reduce suicides, put an end to needless
pain and prevent the rearing of idiotic, hopelessly
diseased or hideously deformed children. You'd do
as much for an old horse which had lost his teeth
or broken a leg. Humanity to human animals is
what I propose. Chloroform them when they reach a
pr lace where life is a burden to them and their rela-
iives. All surgeons do as much even now, but they're
taking long chances when they do it. I would make
such murder not only legal, but compulsory. Laugh
if you will, but you'll see the day when such a law
is in force. It may be a step in advance of our time,
but it's bound to come. If you look at my bill you'll
find it isn't radical or revolutionary. It contains
every reasonable safeguard to prevent abuse of the
statute. I assure you, no doctor is hankerinF after
such a Job as this bill imposes. He will shirk the
responsibility, if possible. Itis only a high sense of
duty that ever actuates a surgeon in such cases."
Within a month no soldier of the British army
will be on duty in lNorth America, the first time in
three hundred years that such will be the case. This
Some Thinks by the Brethren
THE COOOPJt RESPITE.
Isaiah Cooper, convicted of the mur-
der of Marshal Bowman of Punta Gorda,
and whose day of execution has three
times been set, was again respited by
Governor Broward'on Thursday. The
Governor is being condemned by many
thoughtless persons for thus further de-
laying the execution. If there is some
doubt in the Governor's mind as to the
guilt of Cooper, or if there is reason to
believe that the ends of Justice will be
subserved by further delaying the ex-
euntion, it would be cowardly and crim-
inal in him to allow the man to be
hanged. Bmi1*ar is neither a coward
nor a orimtfal, and he can be counted
on to do that which he believes to be
Of course, it would be a popular thing
to allow Cooper to hang. His execution
Is demanded by the cold-blooded editors
of the Jacksonville Metropolis, the
Tampa Tribune, and of several other
State newspapers. The editors of these
papei do not know the reasons laid be-
fore the Governor on which are war-
ranted these stays of exmution; but,
with them Ignoranceis bliss. The Gov-
ermor timp *rt his duty as
eU ama satna of a
s ma and Wl"a5mt afo to
soveign State whisk sanot afford to
have its escutcheon soiled by the wilful
murder of a person legally convicted on
circumstantial evidence, but of whose
guilt there has since arisen a reasonable
Mr. Broward is performing his duty
as it pleases God to show him his duty.
And, unless the News is mistaken in
its opinion of the Governor, no clap-trap,
sensational insistence will compel him
to do that which he believes to be wrong.
We would suggest, however, that the
Governor send for the editors of the
Jacksonville Metropolis and Tampa
Tribune, lay before them the entire evi-
dence on which the stays of execution
were granted, and let them be the judges
as to what is best to be done; let them
assume the responsibility before the peo-
ple of the State for" the hanging or for
a further stay of execution.
Or, if the Governor does not see fit
to constitute a "cabinet" out of these
two men who have vilified him so much
because of his action in this matter, let
him send for George W. Wilson and
Editor Mays of the Pensacola News.
And then, after the ends of justice have
been served, let them tell the people of
the State the reason for the execution,
the delays in the execution, the commu-
tation of sentence, or pardon, as the case
may be.-De Land News.
Organizers Ham and Smith start
is caused, by turning over all military power in
Canada to the government of that country.
All posts have been vacated by British regulars
with the exception of Esquimalt, on the Pacific
coast, and that will pass from British control within
a few weeks. Naval forces have also been withdrawn
on account of the good feeling with the United
States. Speaking of this tramnferrenoe, the Cleve-
land Plain Dealer says:
"When the federation of the British North Ameri-
can colonies into the Dominion of Oanada was
effected, not far from forty years ago, those colonies
were occupied by a British army of about 13,000
regulars. The British Government of the day notified
Canada that one result of the change would be the
obligation of the confederated colonies to protect
themselves under ordinary conditions. Sooner or later
British troops and warships would be withdrawn, to
be used where the demand for them was more urgent.
In case of war, however, the imperial Government
would assist in protecting that as well as other
parts of the empire, especially by sea, but in the
first instance the 'empire beyond the sea' must de-
pend on itself. Canada is now a 'military power,' and
it has the nucleus of a navy in a revenue cruiser on
the lakes and one on salt water."
"Six hundred more good Moros," is the opinion
of the Cleveland Plain Dealer in commenting on the
result of the conflict with the American forces. That
paper thinks: "Probably the job was necessary and
very plainly it was thorough; so thorough, in fact,
as to suggest again the question whether there is any
material difference between a Philippine battle and
a massacre. It is a grim tale that tells of not a single
man wounded or made prisoner out of a force of 600
primitively armed savages, b* they ever so fanatical."
The Plain Dealer also thinks that, "The country
ought to be informed on authority not to be ques-
tioned that the nature of this warfare is such as to
make impossible or inadvisable the giving of quarter
and the taking of prisoners.".
No doubt such contention will have many adher-
ents, while on the other hand, the attitude of the
Philadelphia Press will meet with the approbation
of many American citizens. The Press declares: "The
extermination of the Moro outlaws in tneir strong-
hold on the island of Jolo was a necessity and in
the long run it was humanity. It was a question
either of subjugating them or of enduring their sav-
age attacks for an indefinite period.
"The flaming scourge against these enemies of
mankind was a painful necessity, but it was a neces-
sity all the same. The duty at Jolo was precisely
like the duty on the Western plains, and it was met
in the same American spirit. There can be no argu-
ment on the extinction of outlawry. There can be no
difference on the duty of securing peace even if we
have to fight for it."
Advocates of municipal ownership will not find
much encouragement in the report made by Everett
W. Burdett of Boston, who went to Great Britain for
the purpose of studying municipal ownership and
the possibility of adapting the system to American
out on their rounds to-day for the pur-
pose of aiding the farmers of the county
organize into subdistrict clubs of the
Sea Island Cotton Growers' Association.
Farmers throughout the county should
consult the dates for the visits of these
gentlemen to their localities, and on the
days appointed meet them and. help in
the good work.-Madison New Enter-
What with the Governor's drainage
scheme, life insurance by the State, tem-
perance. Waile's claim, appropriations
for university and a few other meas-
ures, the 1907 session of the Florida
Legislature will have something to think
as well as talk about.-Madison New
The cost of running for office is be-
coming a disgrace to present political
conditions. How can one whose income
is dependent upon his personal services,
afford to pay as much or more for an
office, than the office pays when he gets
it ? Such conditions breed graft and cor-
ruption, and add more and more to po-
litical rottenness.-Tampa Tribune.
Judge Gordon, of the Criminal Court
of Tampa, recently gave the Tampa Her-
ald a splendid advertisement by fining
its editor $100 for contempt of court,
because the latter editorially demanded
that te Judge impo the extreme pen-
alty of the law upoa several self-con-
fessed gamblers who were up before him
for sentence. The Judge made a great
mistake; in fact, he made two mistakes.
Fining the editor simply rallied the best
people of the city to his support and
put his paper away up yonder in the
estimation of the community. Then the
Judge imposed only nominal fines on the
gamblers, which showed the community
that the Tampa Herald was right in the
position which it took. And the Judge
has lost correspondingly in public esti-
mation.-Punta Gorda Herald.
FOR THE SENATE
To the Voters of Duval County (18th
I hereby announce myself as a candi-
date for the State Senate from this, the
18th Senatorial District, Duval County,
to be voted for at the coming primaries.
H. H. BUCKMAN.
For Gounty Gommissioner
I wish to announce my candidacy for
County Commisioner for the Fourth
District of Duval County, Florida, sub-
ject to the coming primary, and shall
appreciate the support of the citizens of
T. L. AOOSTA.
Favorable reports have been circulated in this
country of the excellent results of municipal owner-
ship in Great pritain, but Mr. Burdett found that
there was a division of sent p'et with increasing
opposition on account of the heavier taxation caused
by expansion of public ownership policy. Instead of
taxes being decreased the rate was constantly grow-
ing higher, and citizens are unable to fnd what
benefit they are getting for the increased taxation.
Mr. Burdett finds that the cost of electric lights
and gas to the consumer and short rides on the trac-
tion lines is slightly less than in this country, but
that the average fare a mile is much greater than
here. The increased taxation, however, has nullified
the prospective benent to the people.
Another result of the investigation of Mr. Burdett
is chat British municipal operation and trading l"vw"
tended to stifle industry and discourage Individual
An evil result of the policy of municipal owner-
ship in Great Britain is the organization of munici-
pal employees with great political power, a condition
that caused the Lord Provost of Glasgow to declare
that, "In view of the great increase in the number
of municipal servants the financial interests of the
municipalities demand their disfranchisement in
The Philadelphia Record declares that: "The
threat of senator Tillman to reform the Supreme
Court and the concurrent vacancy on the Supreme
Bench occasioned by the retirement of Justice Brown
have been followed by the rumor that in making a
choice of a successor the President will select a law-
yer who coincides with his views on the regulation
of railway rates."
The Record calls attention to the evil that might
result, saying: "There is a precedent for this danger-
ous method of selection set by President Grant in so
filling two vacancies as to reverse the ruling of the
court in the legal-tender cases. That mistake was a
woful one. A fixed court, like a fixed jury, is an
abomination. Unquestioned ability and integrity
should be the only requisites absolutely essential in
"The ballot, when properly directed, has lost none
of its potency," asserts the St. Paul News, which
takes for its text the reform in Pennsylvania. "Six
months ago," says the News, "Pennsylvania was noto-
riously the most corrupt State in the Union. But the
people arose in protest, threw some of the grafters
out of office and registered a popular demand for
A special session of the Legislature was called
and the work of State housecleaning was begun. The
manner in which this was performed leads the News
to say: "The promptness with which the Legislature
moved to comply with the public demand, once they
became convinced of its sincerity, is striking evidence
of the real weakness of machine organization and cor-
rupt bossism as against the power of the people,
if the people but take the trouble to make their
power felt. In spite of pessimistic doubt and cavil,
political reform, when popular and whole-hearted,
can dominate every department of government."
March 17, 1906
The first pair of shoes. A very important addi-
tion to the wardrobe of life in spite of their insig-
nfloent size. The shoes that come afterward are
thrown aside or given away or are worn all to pieces
and are less provocative of sentiment than the two
weather-beaten shoes that have served their turn to
boy or man. But the first shoes are often kept by the
mother of the little one who put them on, some-
times to show them to him when he is big enough
to appreciate that at one time his feet were as dimin-
utive, sometimes to awaken memories of little feet
that finished their earthly pilgrimage too sorrow-
But it is not to the mother alone that the first
pair of shoes is important. At the time of their
acquisition they are omnipresent to the conscious-
ness of their baby owner.
The first pair of trousers fill not so wide a place
in the mental horizon. By the time one arrives at
his first trousers he has tasted of a good many
felicities and can compare one thing with another.
He may have known and remembered disappoint-
ments and life is not with him an entirely roseate
dream; he may have had fights with the neighbor's
boy and perhaps did not always come off victorious.
and while the trousers are, of course, foretastes of
heaven, still his eyes have been opened to some of
the disillusionments of early boyhood.
But the first pair of shoes-perhaps I should say
the first consciousness of a pair of shoes-comes
when the owner is not yet three and brings with it
absolute and undiluted felicity.
From time to time mother goes away from the
house and when Toddlekins asks where she is the
reply is, "Mama has gone to town. She'll come back
He runs to the window and climbs up on a chair
and looks toward the point where the hill drops
suddenly and there is nothing to be seen but clouds
and blue sky. Toddlekins knows that somewhere be-
low the blue sky mama is riding after old Jack to
"Tottiton." "Tottiton" is as near as Toddlekins can
come to pronouncing the name of the village to which
mother has gone to do her Saturday shopping, but
Tottiton is as near to the name as is necessary.. All
children have their Tottitons, places of delight from
which mamas come back bearing wonderful packages
that may contain nothing but things for the kitchen,
but that once in a while hold red and white candies
So Toddlekins looks out of the window for mama
until he is tire, and then he lies down on the sitting-
room floor and goes into a dreamless sleep from which
the rattle of wheels awakens him, and he runs to the
front window and there is mama with her basket
full of bundles.
"What for Toddy, mama? What for Toddy?"
"Oh, I've brought some tea and some oatmeal
and some onions. Want them?"
He is reaching up inquisitive hands to poke a
hole in a package in order to find out whether it is
only tea and oatmeal or whether it is beloved "pep-
"Don't touch, Toddlekins. Come out into the
kitchen and if you're a good boy mama will give
you something very nice.'
"Pepnits, mama ?"
"Better than pepnits," says mama, who has two
older children and who knows what is better than
Out into the kitchen trots Toddlekins, wondering
what there is on this great earth that stretches 'way
down to Tottiton better than pepnits.
The prosaic oatmeal and tea and onions and
many other packages are laid upon the kitchen table,
and but one package remains in the basket, and it
does not look to Toddlekins like pepnits. The color
of the paper is different.
It is summertime and Toddlekins has been going
barefoot ever since he can remember-ever since
April in fact. Before that he wore little hornme-made
shoes, but he does not remember those.
All too slowly mama removes the string and
opens the paper, and there are two shoes like sister
Alice's only smaller.
"Shoes for you, Toddlekins."
Flop on the floor he goes as if he had slipped
on ice, and tries to put the shoes on backward, up-
side down, any way but the right way.
"Here, dear, mama will put them on."
"Dey has buttons, mama," says Toddlekins, his
eyes winking with excitement. He struggles to get up
and walk in them before the shoes are fairly on, let
alone being buttoned.
stockings? Not today. Mama knows his impa-
tience. This is Just for delight, and if he had not
another stitch on him he would be fully clothed
and willing to go anywhere with anybody. His
shoes have made him fearless mad rekled ,
By Charles Battel Loomis
"Sit still, Toddles. I can't put them on with you
Want to stand u and show Alice."
Of course he does. If the world were to him as big
as it really is he would march around its entire cir-
cumference on a journey just to tell everyone in it
the all-important, the tremendous fact that he, Tod-
dlekins Maffews, has a pair of new shoes.
At last he is up and the shoes are accomplished
facts. Two shiny black encasements that are far
brighter than the sun or anything he has ever seen.
Why, he can see nothing else. He is all new shoes.
Alice comes into the kitchen.
"I dot new shoes, Alice," says Toddlekins.
"Oh, doesn't he look cunning, mama. You dear
aI'm not a baby. I'm big boy, mos' as big as
A noise is heard outside and Arthur comes in.
Perhaps Toddlekins exaggerated a little, for Arthur
is ten and well grown for his age, and Toddlekins
is not yet three.
"See my new shoes, Arfur?"
"Kid," says Arthur, contemptuously, meaning no
"Don't laugh at him, Arthur," says his mother.
"He's a very big boy and he has a beautiful pair of
Indeed they are beautiful. Pepnits are totally
forgotten in the joy of this gift. He marches around
the kitchen in them and then he jumps around in
them and then he hops around. They make a very
grown-up sound. The affectionate little fellow sud-
denly realizes that "muver" brought them, and he
runs to embrace her, trips over the shoes and falls
on his face.
His lips begin to pucker. One word of sympathy
from mama or Alice and the flood gates would open.
But the word does not come. Mama knows better.
He is now a "big boy" and she says, "Big boys with
new shoes don't cry, do they?"
He jumps up and in prodigious tones he says,
"No, big boys don't cry. I show grammer my shoes."
And then he climbs upstairs, patting each step with
what s to him a rafter-shaking tread and quite sure
that he will frighten grandma half to death. He calls
to her before he reaches her door:
"Grammer, it's Tot'kins."
"My mercy me!" says grandma from within her
pleasant room. "I thought it was bears and robbers."
How proud he feels. For of course he believes her.
Those new shoes coming up the stairs did sound kind
of like bears and robbers. He bursts into a merry
"New shoes, grammer. I'm big boy now."
"Well, I never in all my born days," says grand-
ma. looking over her spectacles at them.
"Are those real buttons on them, Totay?"
"Umh, umh. Muvver brought 'em from Tottiton.
An' I'm to have stockingg"
"Well, I should hope so. bamoe without stock
ings would be only half dressed. Still the shoe are
the main thing, aren't they?"
"Where you going, Totsy?" For lie has turned
and is marching out with what is pretty near to
a military stride, his eyes on the shiny black shoes
that make walking so easy. It wouldn't be very hard
to fly with such shoes on.
"Totay, where are you going?"
"Show my shoes to ve minister."
Mr. Hardin is the nearest neighbor of the Mat.
thews and he lives about a quarter of a mile away.
"Oh, I wouldn't go out doors with my new shoes.
Keep them fresh for Sunday."
Toddlekins says nothing. Young as he is lie has
learned that when one says nothing but goes and
does something, at any rate it is done even though
there be consequences. Now Rev. Mr. Hardin is one
of the nicest men in the world, and it is no more
than right that Toddlekins should let him know
what honors have been showered upon his feet. Of
course lie must go and show the new shoes to the
nice man. "Muwer" would want him to go. But it
won't be necessary to bother her by asking. He'll
tell her when he comes back.
liello, there are drawbacks to everything. One
can steal out of the house in one's bare feet and go
on forbidden walks without attracting any atten-
tion, but these beautiful, shiny, black new shoes
are saying with every step, "We're running away.".
lie tries tiptoes, but at the most critical June-
ture he stumbles over himself as he did in the
kitchen, and falls. liBut he does not cry and he is
up in an instant and goes down the front stairs
Because there is a carpet there. Really, new shoes
have a powerfully stimulating effect on tne brain.
Toddlekins is doing a vast amount of thinking for a
three-year-old. I tell you that when one has his first
shoes on his feet it gives him a new understan"'ing.
lie finally escapes without being observed and
trudges away through the dusty road to the minis-
tWr's house. The black shoes are not as black now
and he stops to wipe them off on his little white
sleeve. Ah, that is better-for the shoes.
Forward again with his eyes on the magnetic
shoes, and if Joel liolton were not a careful driver
he would have been run over, for the baby never
saw the horse approaching for absorption in his
He hears the hall of welcome from good-natured
and fat Joel, and he says, "I got new shoes," and
in him efforts to show both at once he sits down hard.
But a hard sit-dow! is a Very ordinary way of reach-
ing death to a three-year-old. He is up and on and
arrives at the parsonage just exactly in time to set
flight to a very valuable train of thought in the mind
of the good minister who is hard at work at his
"Mr. lHardin! Mr. Hlardin!" shouts Toddlekins
outside his study door.
"Hello, what you want?" says the minister, with
just a shade of irritation in his voice. llis own chil-
dren are never allowed to disturb him.
"I have new shoes," said ToddlekinAb, still outside
The boy tries in vain to turn the knob and the
minister opens the door for him, his brow wrinkled
at the interruption. But when he sees Toddlekins
and the new shoes his mind is carried to a far dis-
tant day when there was another baby who stood
before him and who showed him shoes, and his eyes
dim and his tones grow soft as he stoops down and
pats the little tow head and says:
"You don't mean to tell me that you have new
The boy nods his head eloquently, his breast heav-
ing with excitement. Hlie has astonished the minister.
"Well, seems to me those are very fine shoes. And
how black they are."
The boy stoops down and polishes them again
with his sleeve. His sleeves are no longer white.
"I came froo de road," he explains.
"And all alone. What a big boy! Well, you go out
and ask Martha for a doughnut and then go back to
mother. And be sure to come tomorrow to church
with those nice black shoes and listen to my church
talk that I am writing now. Do you remember when
you said you wondered why they let me talk in
church when they wouldn't let you?"
"That was when I was a little boy."
"Exactly, nearly a month ago, before you had
new shoes. Well, they certainly are fine. You be
sure to show them to Martha and be sure to get the
Be sure to show the shoes to Martha, indeed.
Toddlekins might forget the doughnut, but nothing
could put the shoes out of his thoughts. It will be
a very sleepy and tired boy who goes to bed that
night (with hid shoes still on-by special permis-
sion) and those same little black shoes with the
shiny buttons will have carried him over many a
mile indoors and out, but though he live to be a
hundred he will never again come on a day so full
of triumphs and happiness.
A fEE N
12 THE SUN
TOWERS' HARDWARE CO.
March 17, 1906
8 & 10 E. BayStree
lein VPqP qVqlqvqP
STOVES, HOUSE FURNISHINGS, CUTLERY, AMMUNITIONg, AS WBINDS
PAINTS, OILS, ETC. WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
- AM ft M mm -Am
What Governor Broward Did Say
Continued from Fifth Page.
this subject, the Chief Justice, deliver-
ing the opinion of the court, after stat-
ing the case, proceeded as follows:
"The first question which requires
consideration in the case before us is:
Was the levee tax imposed in violation
of any contract between the State and
the United States?
"It is not doubted that the grant by
the United States to the State upon
conditions, and the acceptance of the
grant by the State. constituted a con-
tract. All the elements of a contract met
in the transaction--competent parties,
proper subject-matter, sufficient consid-
eration, and consent of minds. This con-
tract was binding upon the State, and
could not be violated by its legislation
without infringement of its Constitu-
tion." See 16 Florida, 541-542.
It will be seen by reference to page
234. section 432, of the Revised Statutes
of Florida, that it is today the duty of
the Trustees of the Internal Improve-
ment Fund to drain the swamp and over-
flowed lands. That section provides:
"That the Trustees of the Internal Im-
provement Fund shall hereafter fix the
price of the public lands included in the
trust, having due regard to their loca-
tion, value for agricultural purposes, or
on account of timber or naval stores,
and make such arrangements for the
drainage of the swamp and overflowed
lands, as in their judgment may be most
advantageous to the Internal Improve-
ment Fund, and the settlement and culti-
vation of the land." Section No. 432, Re-
vised Statutes of Florida.
The Supreme Court of Florida, in the
case of Bailey vs. Trustees (10th Fla.),
has construed that section of our laws
to impose a duty upon the Trustees to
carry out the work of draining and re-
claiming the swamp and overflowed
Headnote of Decislon by Supreme Gourt of Florida.
The Trustees of The Internal Improvement Fund, appellants,
vs. William H. Gleason, respondent.
Under the provisions of the internal improvement law of this
State it is the duty of the trustees of the fund to make such
arrangements for the drainage of the swamp and overflowed lands
as is most advantageous to the fund. Page 384, Vol. XV Florida
It is good today, and it will continue to
be a good and binding contract until its
purposes are carried out to their con-
It is insisted that the State is bound
by contract to the reclamation of the
swamp lands, because that very excellent
authority, the Supreme Court of the
United States, has said so. In the case
of McGehee vs. Mathis, bearing upon
NO DIVORCE FOR CATHOLICS, BUT
CELIBACY OF PRIESTS MAY BE
Vienna.-Papal Monsignor Joseph
Scheieher, doctor of theology, referring to
the agitation for divorce among Catho-
lic said to your correspondent: "It is
true that the Roman Catholic Church,
in olden times, recognized divorce, as the
Greek Catholic Church does today,
namely, in the cae of adultery, but nev-
erthelees I doubt that the church will
ever return to this lenient view of the
evil since refusal of divorce is now a'
"On the other hand, celibacy is not a
dogma, and it is possible that the church
ma'I alw prits to marry. I say it is
poible, I think it probable. On
Shall these trustees regard their oaths
of office and discharge this duty, im-
posed by solemn statute and confirmed
by the decrees of the highest courts?
Or shall they be swayed, influenced or
swerved by the expressions of sordid-
minded editors, of whom it is common
knowledge they are not their own mas-
ters? N. B. BROWARD,
the other hand, it is likely that here-
after the church will allow priests, who
resigned their holy office, to enter in the
state of matrimony. After the French
Revolution such permission was granted
to a large number of pglests who were
forced out of office."
$25,000 "IMPERIAL GIFT FOR MIL.-
LIONS OF STARVING JAPS.
London.-Great Britain is getting
more and more disgusted with it's yel-
low ally. Tokio dispatches announce with
much pomp that the Mikado has been
graciously pleased to spend 825,000 for
the alleviation of the awful famine dev-
astating the Empire-425,000 for a mil-
lion of starving people. Some papers as-
sert that Rsel Sge might do better.
ESSA YS IN COMMON TIME
By T. Willie Rocklngham
A DISSERTATION ON PIN8
Pins are practically indestructible, yet no one knows what disposition is made
of the billions of pins annually manufactured. Factories are running overtime to
supply the constant and ever-increasing demand for pine. pins,pins. The pin in
theyhands of one skilled in the art of scientifically handling delicate and pointed
instruments is at times a dangerous implement. The one portion' of the pin en.
oying the greatest conspicuosity is the pinhead. The pinhead of an ordinary pin
s distinctly indispensable; it serves several useful purposes. The pinhead acts, as
it were, asa restraining lever, and prevents the point from piercing the cuticle
and entering unseen places where it would be an intruder and an unwelcome visitor.
There are pins and pins however, among which might incidentally be eim-
merated the tenpin, king of all pins; next in order of succession are the ninepin,
the scarfpin, the hatpin and the couplingpin. Probably the most embarrassing
predicament in which an inoffensive pin was ever placed was the time when a mis-
chievous schoolboy took advantage of a harmless pin incapable of directing its
own footsteps and placed it on a schoolmaster's chair during recess. The tea chwr
returned, and in the ensning entanglement the poor pin was crushed and bent and
crooked, and suffered agonies of mind and physical torture known only to those
familiar with the vicissitudes of pindom. Poor pin I A Jacksonville telegraph
operator one night took an overdose of Muffy's Dalt, and as a consequence he-
thought himself to take a quiet snooze. When he awoke he discovered that he
had been asleep. He also discovered that a valuable diamond scarfpin had mrys-
teriously disappeared. He has not laid eyes on the pin to this day. That pin,
however, was of an esthetic turn of mind, and undoubtedly possessed musical in-
clinations, for it disappeared along with a charming young wo-man who performs
on the piano in a manner that reminds one of a pound of ladyfingers.
An inventive genius has perfected an automatic coupler, therefore the coup-
lingpin, after having passed over many a weary and circuitous incline, now re-
morsefully finds itself on the decline. It is nowadays principally used by burly
brakemon to gently rap obstreperous hoboes on the head who refuse to contribute
two bits for the privilege of riding from one railway division to another on the
bumpers. A woman who was suing for divorce swallowed a pin. Her husband
in the distance spent restless days and sleepless nights, fearing lest he might be-
come inflicted with antimony. Realizing that one pin, alone and unaided, would
not greatly impair her anatomy, he senther a whole paper of pins, with instruc-
structions to take one every hour until exhausted (the pins, of course), and as-
sured her she would thus be enabled to forget all about the pending divorce and
One peculiarity about the pin is it never stands upright or sits down. If uni-
molested it is always in a reclining or lying posture. In this latter attitude it does
not differ greatly from some of our enterprising and misrepresentative dissemina
tors of the news and purveyors of scandal in high and low life. The only discern-
ible difference appears to be that the newspapers seldom become a-weary of their
lying, and although its attitude is enforced by the simple law of gravitation, the
kindly pin never enters protest.
ROMANTIC BRIGAND TELLS BRIDE
NOT TO WORRY.
"The most popular brigand" of Italy,
Failla, is still at large, attempts to
catch him by making him jealous of
Cherubina Mauro, his child-wife, hav-
ing failed. Cherubina, who is unusually
beautiful and only fifteen, daily receives
letters from the brigand, admonishing
her to keep a stiff upper lip, and join
him as soon as liberated.
A thousand soldiers are seeking
Failla in the mountains with warrants
charging him with the murder of two
policemen, kidnapping, blackmailing and
incendiarism, but Failla is protected by
the populace, that regard him as friend
Like other popular Italian brigands,
Failla makes a specialty of "bleeding the
rich and succoring the poor." His last
captive, Baron Bella, yielded him 200,-
000 francs in gold ($40,000), and he
says he has now stopped working for at
little while. The policemen were killed
when they made an attempt to disrupt
Failla' New Year's party. On this oc.
casion four robbers and six "brigands'
brides" were caught after being wounded,
among them Cherubina, while Failla es-
aped with his money on a fleet horse.
Second-hand Soda Fountain, John Mat-
thews apparatus; "The Brighton:'" 4
rolled teel tanks of 10-gallon capacity;
apparatus in good condition and in use
today. For price and further particulars
apply to D. P. LAWRENCE,
P. 0. Box 627, Orlando, Fla.
FOR SALE One acm havin 210 fee front
mlo. ..Add... T near summer's
MM., & XId Jt A.L. caloun.
Gives protection to the homr'
at a rate within .each of all.
Weekly premiums from Pee to
250 bring in sick benefits from
$1 to $5, and death benefits
from 810 to $50.
PolHoies lued In 1805, 13,89
Prmium InoMne In 105, $78,078.45
Oet a policy today. It will
provide income In case of sick-
ness or accident. -The Penin.
ular has three times the mem.
bership of any other company
Florida. It issues policies
to men. women and children
from the age of 3 to 65 years.
HOME OFFICE IN
Mutual Life Building
valuable for the cultivation of tropical
plants and frultsi
"And Whereas, It is believed that these
lands, if reclaimed, would not only re-
munerate this State for the expense
of such relamations, but would yield
a considerable surplus above such ex-
"Resolved by the Senate and House of
Representatives of the State of Florida
in General Assembly Convened, That
Congress be requested to grant to this
State all of said lands lying south of
Carloo-sa-hatchee river and of the north-
ern shore of Lake Okeechobee, and be-
tween the Gulf of Mexico and the At-
lantic Ocean, on condition that the State
will drain them and apply the proceeds
of the salethereof, after defraying the
expense of draining, to purposes of edu-
Upon the strength of that pledge by
Florida, Congress, in 1850, passed the
Act granting the swamp and overflowed
lands, In which act it is provided, "That
to enable the State to con-
struct the necessary levees and drains
to reclaim the swamp and overflowed
lands therein, the whole of those swamp
and overflowed lands, made unfit thereby
for cult' nation, which shall remain tin-
sold at the passage of this Act, shall be,
and the same are hereby granted to said
The Act further provides, "That the
proceeds of said lands, whether from
sale or by direct appropriation in kind,
shall be applied exclusively, as far as
necessary, to the purpose of reclaiming
said lands by means of the levees and
Here is the contract, which the State
of Florida, in 1850, made with the
United States Government-a contract
requiring the State to "reclaim'" these
lands. That contract was good In 1850.
h 17, 1906
[ do not know that," he responded.
enemies are my wife's also, I sup-
You have not told me the secret of
dastardly attempt upon me when
ast met," I said in a low voice. "Why
tell me the truth? I surely ought
know who my enemies really are, so
to be warned against any future
You shall know some day, signore.
ire not tell you now."
rou said that before," I exclaimed
j dissatisfaction. "If you are faith-
to me, you ought at least to tell me
reason they wished to kill me in
Because they fear you," was his an-
Why should they fear me?"
lut he shrugged his shoulders, and
le a gesture with his hands indicative
I ask you one question. Answer yes
no. Is the man Leithcourt my
he young Italian paused, and then
He is not your friend. I am quite
1 aware of that."
And his daughter? She
I think so."
Where did you first i
I have known him several
en we first met he was poor."
Suddenly became rich-eh?"
"Bought a fine house in the country;
es mostly at the Carlton when he and
Wife and daughter are in London-
hough I believe they now have a house
nowhere in the West End-and he
en makes long cruises on his steam
'And how did he make his money?"
Again Olinto elevated his shoulders,
[f he would only betray to me the rea-
I he had been induced to entice me to
it house, I might then be able to form
ne conclusion regarding the tenants
Rannoch and their friends.
Who was the man who, having repre-
ited the man now before me, had been
uck dead by an unerring hand? Was
possible that Armids had been called
telegram to meet her husband, and
ognizing the fraud perpetrated upon
threatened to disclose it and, for
it reason, shared the same fate as
!his was the first theory that oc-
rred to me; one which I believed to be
i correct one. The motive was a mys-
y, yet the facts seemed to me plain
as the young Italian had refused to
any satisfactory explanation, I re-
ved within myself to wait until the
fortunate woman's body was recov-
d before revealing to him the ghastly
ith. Without doubt he had some rea-
u in withholding from me the true
ts, either because he feared that I
ght become unduly alarmed, or else
himself had been deeply implicated
the plot. Of the two suggestions, I
a inclined to believe in the latter.
Be walked with me as far as the end
Bishop's Road, endeavoring with all
i Italian's exquisite diplomacy to ob-
n from me what I knew concerning
, nor did I reveal that I had only that
ring returned from Scotland. Then
last we parted, and he retraed his
ps to the little restaurant in West-
by Chevalier William Le Oueux
is declaration was stra
r some light upon the
Wnd of your wife also?"
bourne Grove, while I entered a hanslom
and drove to the well-known photog-
rapher's in New Bond Street, whose
name had been upon the torn photo-
graph of the young girl in the white
pique blouse and her hair fastened with
a bow of black ribbon, the picture that
I had found on board the Lola on that
memorable night in the Mediterranean,
and a duplicate of which I had seen in
Muriel's cosy little room up at Ran-
I recollected that she had told me the
name of the original was Elma Heath,
and that she had been a schoolfellow of
here at Chichester. Therefore I in-
quired of the photographer's lady clerk
whether she could supply me with a
print of the negative.
For a considerable time she searched
in her books for the name, and at last
discovered it. Then she said:
"I regret, sir, that we can't give you
a print, for the customer purchased the
negative at the time."
"Ah, I'm very sorry for that," I said.
"To what address did you send it?"
"The customer who ordered it was ap-
parently a foreigner," she said, at the
same time turning round the ledger so
that I could read. And I saw that the
entry was: "Heath-Miss Elmas-
dozen cabinets and negative. Address:
Baron Xavier 01 arg, Vosnesenski Pros-
pect 48, St. Petersburg, Russia."
"Did the gentleman come with the
young lady when her portrait was
taken?" I inquired.
"I can't tell, air," she replied. "I've
only been here a year, and you see the
date-over two years ago."
"The photographer would know, per-
"He's a new man, sir. He only came
a month ago. In fact, the business
changed hands a year ago, and none of
the previous employees have remained."
"Ah! that's unfortunate," I said,
greatly disappointed; and having copied
the address to which the negative and
prints had been sent, I thanked her and
Who, I wondered, was this Baron
Oberg, and what relation was he to
The picture of the girl in the white
blouse somehow exercised a strange at-
traction for me.
Have you ever experienced the fasci-
nation of a photograph, inexplicable and
yet forcible-a kind of magnetism from
which you cannot release yourself? Per-
haps it was the curious fact that some
person had taken it from its frame on
board the Lola and destroyed it that first
aroused my interest; or it might have
been the discovery of it in Muriel's room
at Rannoch. Anyhow, it had for me
an absorbing interest, for I often won-
dered whether the unknown girl who
had secretly gone ashore from the yacht
when I had left it was not Elms Heath
Who was this Baron Obergt The
name was German undoubtedly, yet he
lived in the Russian capital. From
London to Petersburg is a far cry, yet
I resolved that if it were necessary I
would travel there and investigate.
At the German Embassy, in Carlton
House Terrace, I found my friend Cap-
tain Neiberding, the second secretary,
of whom I inquired whether the name
of Baron Oberg was known, but having
referred to a number of German books
in his Excellency's library, he returned
and told me that the name did not ap-
pear in the lists of the German nobility.
"He may be Russian-Polish most
probably," added the captain, a tall, fair
fellow in gold spectacles, whom I had
known when he was third secretary of
Embassy at Rome. His opinion was
that it was not a German name, for
there was a little place called Oberg,
he said, on the railway between Lods and
Then, after luncheon, I went to Al-
bany Road, one of those dreary, old.
fashioned streets that were pleasant
back in the early Victorian days when
Camberwell was a suburb and Walworth
Common was still an open waste. I
found the house where Olinto lived-a
small, smoke-blackened, semi-detohed
place standing back in a tiny strip of
weedy garden, with a wooden veranda
before the first floor windows. The
house, according to the woman who kept
a general shop at the corner, was occu-
pied by two families. The "Eye-tal-
ians," ash she termed them, lived above,
while the Gibbonses rented the ground
"Oh, yes, sir. The foreigners are re-
spectable enough. They pays me ready
money for everything, except the milk.
That they pays for weekly.'
"I understand that the wife has dis-
appeared. What have you heard about
"They do say, sir, that they 'ad some
words together the other day, and that
the woman's took herself off in a tant-
rum. Only you can't believe all you
'ear, you know."
"Did they often quarrel?"
"Not to my knowledge, sir. They were
really very quiet, respectable persons for
And when we were outside in West-
bourne Grove, Olinto walking by my side
in wonderment, I asked suddenly:
"Tell me. Have you ever been in Scot-
land-at Dumfries ?"
"Never, signore, in my life. Why?
"Answer me one question," I said
quickly. "You married Armida at the
Italian Consulate. Where is she now-
where is she this morning?"
He turned pale, and I saw a complete
change in his countenance.
"Ah, signore I" he responded, I only
wish I could tell."
"It is untrue that she is an invalid,"
I went on, "or that you live in Lam-
beth. Your address is in Albany Road,
Camberwell. You can't deny these facts."
"I do not deny them, Signore Com-
mendatore. But how did you learn this?"
"The authorities in Italy know every-
thing," I answered. "Like that of all
your countrymen, your record is written
down at the Commune."
"It is a clean one, at any rate, sig-
nore," he declared with some slight
warmth. "I have a permesso to carry a
revolver, which is in itself sufficient
proof that I am a man of spotless char-
"I cast no reflection whatever upon
you, Olinto," I answered. "I have mere-
y inquired after your wife, and you do
not give me a direct reply."
We had walked to the Royal Oak, and
stood talking on the curb outside.
"I give you no reply, because I can't,"
he said in Italian. "Armida-my poor
Armida-has left home."
"Why did you tell me such a tale of
distress regarding her?"
"As I have already explained, signore,
I was not then master of my own ac-
tions. I was ruled by others. But I
saved your life at risk of my own. Some
day, when it is safe, I will reveal to
"Let us allow the past to remain," I
said. "Where is your wife now?"
He hesitated a moment, looking
straight into my face.
"Well, Signor Commendatore, to tell
the truth, she has disappeared."
"Disappeared I" I echoed. "And have
you not made any report to the police?"
"For reasons known only to myself I
did not wish the police to pry into my
"I know. Because you were once con-
victed at Lucca of using a knife-eh? 1
recollect quite well that affair-a love
affair, was it not ?"
"Yes, Signor Commendatore. But I
was a youth then-a mere boy."
"Then tell me the strange circeum-
stances in which Armida has disap-
peared," I urged, for I saw quite plain-
lythat his sudden meeting with me
had upset him, and that he was trying
to bold back trom me some story which
eas was bursting to tell.
"Wedl, signore," he said at last in a
low tone of confidence, "I don't like to
trouble you with my private affairs after
those untruths I told you when we last
"Go on," I said. "Tell me the truth."
After the exciting incidents of our
last meeting I was half inclined to
"The truth is, Signor Commmndttore,
that my wife has mysteriously disap-
peared. Last Saturday, at eleven o'clock,
she was talking over the garden wall
with a neighbor and was then dressed to
go out. She apparently went out, but
from that moment no one has seen or
heard of her."
It was on the tip of my tongue to
tell him the truth, yet so strange was
the circumstance that his own double
oven to the mole upon his face, should
be lying dead and buried in Scootland
that I hesitated to relate what I knew.
"She spoke English, I suppose?"
"She could make herself understood
very well," he said, with a 4igh, and I
,aw a heavy, thoughtful look upon his
brow. That he was really devoted to
her, I knew. With the Italian of what-
over station in life, love is all-consum-
ing-it is perfect love or genuine hatred.
ihe Tuscan character is one of two ex-
I glanced across the road, and saw
that the detective who had ordered his
chop and coffee had stopped to light
his pipe and was watching us.
"Have you any idea were your wife
is, or what has induced her to go away
from home? Perhaps you had some
"Words, signorel he echoed. "Why, we
were the happiest pair in all London.
No unkind word ever paseedI between
us. There seems absolutely no reason
why she should go away without wish-
ing me a word of farewell."
"But why haven't you told the po*
"For reasons I have already stated.
I peter to make inquiries for myself."
rAnd in what have your inquiries re-
"Nothing-absolutely nothing," he
"You do not suspect any plot? I rec-
ollect that night in Lambeth you told
me that you had enemies?"
"Ah I so I have, signore-and so have
you I" he exclaimed hoarsely. "Yes, my
poor Armida may have been entrapped
"And if entrapped, what then?"
"Then they would kill her with as lit-
tle compunction as they would a fly,"
he said. "AhI you do not know the
callousness of those people. I only hope
and pray that she as escaped and is
in hiding somewhere, and will arrive
unexpectedly and give me a startling sur-
prise. She delights in startling me," he
added with a laugh.
Poor fellow, I thought, she would
never again be able to startle him. She
had actually fallen a victim just as he
"Then you think she must have been
called away from home by some urgent
message?" I suggested.
"By the manner in which she left
things, it seemed as though she went
away hurriedly. There were Afve over
eigns in a drawer that we had saved for
the rent, and she took them with her."
I paused in, hesitate whether to
tell him the terrible truth.- reoollet
that the body had disappeared there-
fore what proof had I to my allegation
that she had been murdered?
"Tell me, Olinto," I said as we moved
forward again in the direction of Pad-
dington Station, "have you any knowl-
edge of a man named Leitheourt"
tie started suddenly and looked at me.
I have heard of him," he answered
"And his daughter-Muriel"?
"And also of her. But I am not ac-
quainted with them-nor, to tell the
truth do I wish to be."
"Because they an enemies of mie-
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I repassed the house of the dead wo-
man, and then regaining the busy Cam-
berwell Road I took an omnibus back to
the Hotel Cecil in the Strand where I
had put up, tired and disappointed.
Nex, day I ran down to Chichester,
and after some difficulty found the
Cheverton College for Ladfes, a big, old-
fashioned house about half a mile out
of the town on the Drayton Road. The
seminary was evidently a first-class one,
for when I entered I noticed how well
everything was kept.
To the principal, an elderly lady of
a somewhat severe aspect, I said:
"I regret, madam, to trouble you, but
I am in search of information you can
supply. It is with regard to a certain
Elma Heath whom you had as pupil
here, and who left, I believe, about two
years ago. Her parents lived in Dur-
"I remember her perfectly," was the
woman's response as she sat behind the
big desk, having apparently at first ex-
pected that I had a daughter to put to
"Well," I said, "there has been some
little friction in the family, and I am
making inquiries on behalf of another
branch of it-an aunt who desires to
ascertain the girl's whereabouts."
"Ah, I regret sir, that I cannot tell
you that. The Baron, her uncle, came
aere one day and took her away sud-
lenly-abroad, I think."
"Had she no school friend to whom
she would probably write?"
"There was a girl named Leithcourt-
Muriel Leithcourt--who was hbr friend,
Jut who has also left."
"And no one else?" I asked. "Girls
often write to each other after leaving
school, until they get married, and then
he correspondence usually ceases."
The principal was silent and re-
"Well," she said at last, "there was
another pupil who was also on friendly
ierms with Elma-a girl named Lydia
Moreton. She may have written to her.
if you really desire to know, sir, I dare
say I could find ner address. She left
us about nine months after Elma."
"I should esteem it a great favor if
you would give me that young lady's ad.
Iress,"' I said, whereupon she unlocked
% drawer in her writing-table and took
wherefrom a thick, leather-bound book
which she consulted for a few minutes,
At last exclaiming:
"Yes, here it is-'Lydia Moreton,
laughter of Sir Hamilton Moreton, K.
J. M. U., Whiston Grange, Doncaster.'"
And she scribbled it in pencil upon an
envelope, and handing it to me, said:
"Elma Heath was, I fear, somewhat
neglected by her parents. She remained
aere for five years, and had no holidays
dike the other girls. Her uncle, the
Baron, came to see her several times,
jut on each occasion after he had left
t found her crying in secret. He was
nean and unkind to her. Now that I
recollect, I remember-that Lydia had
,aid she had received a letter from her,
Therefore she might be able to give you
And with that I took my leave, thank-
ing her, and returned to London.
Could Lydia Moreton furnish any in-
formation? If so, I might find this girl
whose photograph had aroused the irate
jealousy of the mysterious unknown.
The ten o'clock Edinburg express from
King's Cross next morning took me up
to Doneaster, and hiring a musty old fly
at the station, I drove three miles out
>f the town on the Rotherham Road,
ending Whiston Grange to be a fine old
kEliakbethan mansion in the center of a
great park, with tall old twisted chim-
leys and beautifully-kept gardens.
When i des.'nded at the door and
.ang, the footman was nut aware whether
aiss Lydia was in. Hle looked at me
somewhat suspiciously, I thought, until
t gave my card and imIl)pressed upon him
neaningly that 1 had come from Lon-
Ion purpowly to see his young mistress
Iin a very important matter.
"Tell her,' I said, "that 1 wish to see
ier regarding her friend, Miss Elmna
"Miss Elma 'Eath," repeated the man.
'Very well, sir. Will you walk this
And then I followed him across the
big old oak-paneled hall, filled with tro-
phies of the chase and arms of the civil
wars, into a small paneled room on the
Iweet peace of the past with my own
orrile nu'eringi of to-day. Ah, how
* wish I mig't see you once again; how
.hat I might feel your hand upon my
irow. and hear your words of hope and
necourapement! But happiness is now
lebarred from me, and I am only sink-
ing to the grave under this slow torture
of body and of soul.
(CONTINUED NEXT WEEK.)
March 17, 1906
Ask or TIl
Write to I ILL J
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left, the deep-set window with its dia-
mond panes giving out upon the old
bowling green and the flower garden be-
Presently the door opened, and a tall,
dark-haired girl in white entered with
an inquiring expresion upon her face
as she halted and bowed to me.
"Miss Lydia Moreton, I believe?" I
oommenced, and as she replied in the
affirmative I went on: "I have first to
apologize for coming to you, but Miss
Sotheby, the principal of the school at
Chichester, referred me to you for in-
formation as to the present whereabouts
of Miss Elma Heath, who, I believe, was
one ot your most intimate friends at
school." And I added a lie, saying: "1
am trying, on behalf of an aunt of hers,
to discover her."
"Well," responded the girl, "I have
had only one or two letters. She's in
her uncle's hands, I believe, and he
won't let her write, poor girl. She
dreaded leaving us."
"Ah she would never say. She had
some deep-rodted terror of her uncle,
Baron Oberg, who lived in St. Peters-
burg, and who came over at long inter-
vals to see her. But possibly you know
the whole story?"
"I know nothing," I cried eagerly.
You will be furthering her interests, as
wetn as doing me a great personal favor,
if you will tell me what you know."
"It is very little," she answered, lean-
ing back against the edge of the table
and regarding me seriously. "Poor
lglmal Her people treated her very
oadly indeed. They sent her no money,
and allowed her no holidays, and yet she
was the sweetest-tempered and most pa-
tient girl in the whole school."
"Well-and the story regarding her ?"
"it was supposed that her people at
Durham did not exist," she explained.
"Elma had evidently lived a greater part
of her life abroad, for she could speak
French and Italian better than the pro-
fessor himself, and therefore always won
the prizes. The class revolted, and then
she did not compete any more. Yet she
never tola us of where she had lived
when a child. She came from Durham,
she said-that was all."
"You had a letter from her after the
Baron came and took her away ?"
"Yes, from London. She said that
the had been to several plays and con-
lerts, but did not care for life in town.
here was too much bustle and noise and
study of clothes."
"And what other letters did you re-
seive from her?"
"Three or four, think. They were
ll from places abroad. One was from
Vienna, one was from Milan, and one
from some place with an unpronounce-
ble name in Hungary. The last--"
"Yes, the last?" I gasped eagerly, in-
"Well, the last I received only a fort-
night ago. If you will wait a moment
t will go and get it. It was so strange
that I haven't destroyed it." And she
.vent out, and I heard by the frou-frou
)f her skirts that one was ascending the
After five minutes of breathless
anxiety she rejoined me, and handing me
Ahe letter to read, said:
"It is not in her handwriting-I won-
The paper was of foreign make, with
lue lines ruled in squares. Written in
t hand that was evidently foreign, for
the mistakes in the orthography were
nany, was the following curioni com-
"My Dear Lydia: Perhaps you may
ever get this letter-the last I shall
iver be able to send you. Indeed. I run
treat risks in sending it. Ah! you do
lot know the awful disaster that has
happened to me, all the terrors and the
ortures I endure. But no one can as-
aist me. and I am now looking forward
o the time when it will all be over. Do
.'ou recollect our old peaceful days in
:he garden at Chichester? I think of
hem always, always, and compare that
The iest AeideM and Heath
Inranee la the Wei
United States Casualty
M. V. OSBORNE & COMPANY
lium luldbi Jadloksmvill P.
eM ri ler M- hsmM
Dear Dad-I arrived in Jacksonville
nearly blind, and was taken to the opti.
cian's, where I was treated by a neurolo-
gist, who proscribed diet, and put me or
a fig for breakfast, no lunch, and a pecan
nut for dinner, and after six days' treat-
ment I could see a loaf of Ph laiisee
ImM five miles. Yours,
1'. .-It'a lral like motl.ir IuseR to
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March 17, 1906
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Short Sermon for
RELIGION IN NATIONAL CHARACTER
By Rev. T. Henry Menus, Pastor Church Street
C fhrstfan Church
The welfare of the public is based
upon and has its strength in the char-
acter of the public. That "righteousness
exalteth a nation, but sin is a reproach
to any people," are truths that have been
confirmed many times in the human
history. Philosophers and moralists in
every age have taught that justice and
temperauce, religion and industry, have
been the foundation-stones upon which
have been built all public welfare and
A mere cursory examination of the
history of the past nations will show
us that they rosheto the noonday of their
greatness by the strength of moral ex-
cellence and sunk to nothingness through
vice. The omanan and Grecian nations
are both said to have died drunk. Their
public and private depravity paved the
way to both public and private decay
and ruin. Vice and debauchery de-
stroyed the health and vigor of their po-
litical constituents, and hastened their
final decline and destruction.
As a nation with a constitution like
the providence of heaven extending its
gracious regards to all, protecting the
poor, and checking the insolence of the
great, we should stand as an intelligent
people, sinking narrow and sectarian
differences, and unhallowed discord,
while heralding the day of conflict only
between truth and error, good and evil,
and predicting and working to the end
of righteousness and peace.
Emerson has defined righteousness as
"the doing of all good, and for its sake
suffering all evil." Hedge condenses
the observance and the doing of goodness,
of purity and of righteousness, the rec-
titude to character and of life, into one
expression-"God is the moral Supreme."
We claim to be a Christian people, but
service in profession avails not without
service in life. The form may be im-
portant, but the spirit is absolutely so.
Ceremonies and spectacular displays are
neither essentials nor ends, but only
means, and even in that capacity they
are outranked by righteous acts and
"KISS ME OR DIE."
Budapest.-A fearful love tragedy is
reported from Bihara County. Joseph
Papai, a rich land owner, had an only
daughter, Agnes, 15 years of age and
very beautiful. A neighbor, Francis
Szalai, 19 years old, was in love with
the girl and visited her daily. Last Sun-
day the vast country house was filled
with guests and merriment. One of the
last to depart was Francis. Agnes at-
tended him to the gate. As he was about
to take leave, Francis said, "Give me a
The girl replied: "Certainly not. I am
not a girl liberal with her endearments."
"Thou wilt kiss me, or bear the con-
sequences," cried the love-sick youth.
The tone of his voice frightened Agnes
and she tried to run away. Francis
grabbed her left wrist and held it as in
a vise, while his right hand sought for
his revolver. Before anyone could inter-
fere, he fired at the girl, who dropped at
his feet. She had been shot through the
left breast and died before medical aid
arrived. The murderer gave himself up
to the authorities, saying that he acted
under irresistible impulse.
COUGHING CAUSED BY OBSTRUC-
TIONS OF THE EAR.
Vienna.-Professor Breitund admon-
ishes parents and others to have their
children's ears regularly inspected, and
in particular in came of illness the cause
of which cannot be readily conceivol.
The doctor tells of the case of a little
girl who suffered from chronic eough.
After two beans had been removed from
an ear, the cough ceased and the girl
was as well as ever. A small marble, a
particle of wood, bone, etc., wen found
The religion of true righteousness em-
braces all things within its reach, and
leaves nothing out. The teaching of the
Nazarene and His apostles imbued the
spirit of love, of reverence, of true hu-
manity and of true humility. An un-
seetarlan religion stimulates intellect,
broadens the mind, and develops char-
acter in faith, hope and love, and be-
comes national in its far-reaching in-
The unhappy and unfortunate spirit
of sectism does much to destroy the hal-
lowed genius and the high mission and
the power of the pervading influence of
religion. Whoever puts up a fence
should remember that he fences out
much more than he fences in. While
we do not believe in a national religion,
we believe in a religion for the nation.
Truth and reverence, sympathy and love,
morality and godliness are only visions
until we weave them into the actualities
It is not a difficult matter for the stu-
dent to discover on what lines the best
men and women of the past have ad-
vanced toward the higher ideals. The
standard of personal righteousness and
the sentiment of loyalty to the Supreme
have been the pervading influences of all
true individual and social life.
The highest ideal for social or private
life is the life and character of the one
who in the infinity of His love touched
every bound of the universe, and of
whom it was justly said: "He knew no
sin, neither was guile found in His
mouth," and of whom even an Ingersoll
could write, "With IReuan 1 believe
Christ was the only perfect man. Hlia
teaching superseded Greek patriotism,
Roman fortitude and Anglo-Saxon
bravery. With it there would be no
lying, covetousness, murder or war."
Whatever is needful in the conscious-
ness of duty and obligation lives in the
desire for truth and righteousness here,
and immortality and fellowship with the
Almighty One in the heavenly sanctuary
not made with hands.
to be the causes of fits, insensibility of
certain pkrts of the body, etc.
Very Interesting Case.-The most in-
formatory case is as follows: A young
student was suffering from chronic
cough, though investigation proved that
his breast organs were all in first-class
condition. Finally an investigation of
the ears was resorted to, and it was
found that one of them was obstructed
by a fruit kernel. When same was re-
moved the coughing ceased and never re.-
ENA LEARNING QUEER WORDS FOR
A YOUNG LADY.
London.-A member of the aristocracy
who is on intimate terms with the royal
family, wihle talking of Princess Ena's
good sense said: "She is not to be caught
like the last foreigner who went to
Spain as Queen. Maria Christina hardly
knew a word of the Hidalgo language
when she married Alfonso's father, and
the latter, amused at his wife's piety
and puritanical habits, played a rather
undignified joke on her.
"Under the guise of teaching her the
language of the country, he taught her
a lot of indelicate phrases, assuring her
that they meant the identical high-sound-
ing sentiments the Spaniards delight in.
Consequently, at her first meeting with
the grandees, Maria Christina addressed
them as 'Sublime Cockroaches," and "Ill-
smelling Groundlings," and worse. Her
Mistress of the Robe nearly shook her
head off to point out to the Queen the
mistakes she was indulging in, but Ma-
ria Christina bravely went on talking
the jargon of the gutter without know-
-No one will fool Ena," said the Eng-
lishman, "for she learned the words and
pham she ought not to utter first."
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The Marvin Shoe Co.
23U West Bay te (Srett Ulk)
The Stetson Shoe, $5.50 and $6.00
The Packard Shoe, $3.50 and 4.00
The Ultra Shoe.............for Womhe
The American Girl Shoe for Women
The Marvin Shoe Co.
Fruits and Produce
W. H. Christopher
101 L ay L i go I 0Ifc .
Prompt Attention .. Bat Price
Returns Day of 6ae
Reference, National Bank of Jacksonville
Strong and enduring
OLD HICKORY and
WHITE HICKORY WAGONS
GORREGT STYLES IN MEN'S GLOTHES FOR SPRING
10 to 25 Dollars
Smart, Snappy Styles In Young Men's Spring Glothes
7 1-2 to 18 Dollars
Spring Hats and furnishings fresh from
the hand of the maker. Sole agents for
Ilawes and Young's $3 Hats.
FIll.L LINE OF STTSON HATS
17 and 19
We can Sell Your Farm or Business
Cut out Coupon below and mall at onoe.
Do nut put this off.
FARMS CUT THIS OUT FARMS
Christie & Christie Real Estate Agency
DyaldUpehureh Buildg, aMkunvills, Flria
Kindly send inme by return mail, Listing Blank. as I wish to take up matter
of placing my Farm in your hands
N am e .........................................................
SEWING MACHINES OF QUALITY An Excele~~nlt Chance to Buy an Honest Machine
SMNQTat an Honest Price.
Upright or cover style, ide and large center 1.7j
Upright or cover style. 4 side and large center 1.1
Drop bead style, 4 side and large center drawer. 1US
Delivered free of charge to
any point In Florida or
UMS OF V 0 1VNll-Positive four-motion feed; positive take-up; light running; control of the upper
thread; shuttle Is self-threading; needle is self-setting; bobbin winder is automatic; easy to adjust attach-
ments. With each machine we give FREE a FULL SET OF ATTACHMENTS, including tucker, ruffler, set
hemmers, etc., also the regular set of accessories, Full size high arm head. Newly equipped' with tool steel
ball bearings and nickel plated ball bearing metal pitman. Wood work is the swell front style, high grade
and polished, fancy bent cover on upright, and bent seamless drum on the drop head styles, all trimmed
with nickel plated draw pulls.
TI H. H. Deane Company, Jacksonville, Fla.