SUBSCRIPTION PRICE REDUCED TO $1 A YEAR
If It's Right, We Are For It
1 -No. 8
JAGKSONVILtoE, rMORlDA, JANUA~RY 6, 1906
A SUGGC6TION TO REAGH THE NON-GHURGH GOCRS
IF IT'S RIOIHT, WE ARE FOR IT-
A. K. TAYLOR
WIT A WILL w IF w, p u m m 1PWU OFnmA, T Wm OMmt, AT 31 WrST FOMYITH SiET, jMKmLL,
JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, JANUARY 6, 190 5 Cents per Copy, $1 per Year
An~~lIas n&&ad.at the Posmt OAMlasIn Tmennvi~lba VIA-- fn. AmimLpag, tIq% omS m ll winA*I a amme
Will Shine Most Generously
Special Reduction in
m 18LPSIN MIDKT
For Details See Other Pages in This Issue
Is and Will Continue To Be
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January 6, 1906
Within a few weeks-before the end of this month
is reached-the remodeled Government building will
be fully completed and furnished.
This great undertaking took nearly two years for
its completion, and well was it worth the while. The
architectural beauty of the building has been en-
hanced and the solidity and stability of the immense
marble edifice has been accentuated.'
It was the urgent demand, several years ago, for
"MORE ROOM," that brought about the Governmen-
tal appropriation of $205,000 to give Jacksonville a
building adequate, not only to its needs, but those
which are bound to Ie called for as the years come(
onward with the increase in
the volume of biuiness as
Jacksonville gains in pop-
ulation and develops into
greater importance. p
For nearly two years has
the public been seemingly
inconvenienced while on bus-
iness at the Government
building, but not only is
this over with now. but
during all the time the work
was in progress everything
wais so arraing(d and pro-
vided for that delay and in-
convenience were reduced to
a remarkable minimum and
especially so when it is
tiken into consideration at
what disadvantages the
work had to be accom-
Solid walls of brick, ce-
ment and heavy mnarble
blocks had to be torn away.
the thll tower had to be
partially razed, and in cer-
tini sections of the building
the roof had to be removed.
all of which was necessary
in order to add the much-
needehd southeast wing, the
eastern fou r-story extension
nnd the great north end
wing, and to allojv for the
construction of an entire
new floor. The partial de-
molishing of the tower was
not neces-ary for arehite-
tiural fleet, ns lihs been snid | j
by some, but was under-
taken in order that the ele-
vator installation to the
fourth floor could Ie per-
fectly mil de.
The original appropri-
ntion was $250.000, which
was subsequently increased
$15,000. The work of con-
struetion, which began ..
March 1, 1904. has been
under the direct and close
supervision of one of the
most experienwe'd men. John
It. Holmes, who for years
has been with the Treasury
Department as superintend-
ent of construction of Gov-
Prnment buildings. To have
had him in charge of this
work means that only the *
very Iwst of material and
workmanship has gone into
the composite, which now
stands as the new Govern-
ment building of Jackson- --
The office capacity of the
building has been more than doubled, and there in
plenty of room and room to spare, the latter condi-
tion -to meet the requirements which will inevitably
The handsome marble edifice, with its copper roof,
will be seen at its best very soon, for gradually and
completely will all the evidences of building and
remodeling operations be removed.
All the corridors have been provided with marble
tiled floors and beautiful sslabs of selected Georgia
marble, in black and white effects, have been used
for the wainscoting and trim throughout. These
slabs are highly polished and all are exquisite in
their veining. and markings. The elevator in of the
electric type, now so general in use, and the elevator
eage in an elaborate piece of wrought-iron work.
Perhaps the meet interesting feature of the con-
struction was the immense preparatory work and
the p('euliatr and difficult conditions which had to
|b met and overcome in this piece of engineering.
This consumed a large part of the two years' time
necessary to complete the work.
In the hasement, where the public gase is never
east, much work was done. A large bonded ware-
houiti is to Ie found then. It is of stone, steel and
cement construction, and absolutely fire proof. The
hamsonunt is supplied with a separate elevator for
freight. There is an immense oImsto)lie storage room,
or rather a series of large rooms, for poatofice stor-
age purposes in the basement. The engineer's oftleh,
the iiebycle room, the fireman's room and the fuel
room are also in the basement, and these have been
fully finished, equipped and completed for some time
past. An entire system of pipes for heating haa
been installed, the pipes radiating from the basement
and extending to all part. of the building.
The poIlstdie department is-well, all that is
needed to facilitate the work, and while the area of
operations of the workers in this department is greatly
increased, there is an economy and adaptability of
space suggestive of concentration of work and its
rapid, thorough and expeditious accomplishment. On
this floor the corridor has been lengthened and
widened. New screening, fixtures and letter boxes
have been installed. The "dro"' is more conveniently
situated, being very near the orsyth Street, or main
entrance, to the building.
On the second floor all the former departments
are of increased Ase, and especially prominent along
this line is that of the department of United States
customs, in charge of W. H. Lucas. The emigration
inspector will move from his downtown temporary
olUices and have a suite of offices on this floor. The
department of internal revenue, the steamboat in-
spection department and the railway mail service
are all provided with more room and increased fa-
The same condition prevails on the next floor
up, where the United States Court room occupies the
extreme north end. Along the marble corridor lead-
ing to this ornate room are the various oftme con-
nected with the United
States Court. The District
Attorney, the clerk of the
court and the United Htate*
Marshal all have not only
S Increased offie room, but
''. the roonil have been remod-
Sled and improved. A
notable feature in that there,
are more and better romin
The top ldoor, while given
over alnmot entirely for the
Weather Bureau INtpart-
ment, affords space for the
Iension examiner and allows
for a series of unaeNigned
rooms which will later on
omne into use as occasion
nnd Government business
S~H higher up and towering
over and above the roof in
the attractive and pletur-
enlue tower. The four
heavy and massive wrought
S copper dials are in place,
,* rndd the installation of the
Sclok will receive consider-
ation in the near future.
During the Imst week
five solid earloaes of oflici
furniture, earl'i'|e, olhiev
railings and grille work
arrived. Thin means that
within a very short space
of time all of t flhe ime in
the building will be hand-
S'" omely furnished and pro-
vided with all conveniences
S. .. 1111nd appointments.
.... s. '' The building will Ile eoln-
ptently looked after yv
William II. ltolerts, a well
known eoitisn of ait Villa,
who for years nhas had
charge (if the ehlvlttor, and
whoer plroalotion to the ilm-
portant and reuslionuile,' po-
itilon of janitor aseures the
public that the' building
will Ie nmaintainedl in the
seat condition always.
The postoffle arrange-
ments are expeeially gooKi,
andi nothing but favorahile
comment hasn len heard as
to thims. Even the tourists
and visitors have expremsed
i heir pleasure in the buld-
ing as it now otandls. The
ground floor, of eotiur,
r men in for the greatest
v share of attention on ae.
i .j count of its usefulnes, yet
the other ofilem on the
other floors will bear a visit,
as to the newcomer there
ill be much of interest to be seen on all sides.
When the Weather Bureau Department is fully
Installed and in operation, Director Mitchell will he
ured, will find this department more than well worth
Postmaster D. T. (erow has a fine suite of offic
on the main Boor, being located in the north end
wing. All the carpeting and new furniture for his
offoes have arrived and will soon be put in place.
Before February 1 is here Jacksonville's Govern-
meat building will stand completely finished and
equipped ia every department, and will be a source
of great pride to her .Itiea.
The Government Building, With Its Quarter of a Million Dollars Improve-
ments, Almost Ready-Finishing Touches Being Rushed to Completion
January 6, 1906
.46A T W %F TTN
TOLD WITH TEARS..
The year goes out in flood of ears
As if to say:
I join the army of the years
That marched away;
My record stained by human crimes,
By war's death roll,
That equals those of ancient times
On history's scroll.
Yet sunshine ever follows rain,
As joy doth woe,
While hope and happiness remain
For men below.
If of some years we tell with tears,
Of some we say:
As sweet as flowers in greenwood bowers
Of bloom are they.
-W. E. Pabor.
December 31, 1905.
Strawberry shipments from Florida are heavy
It was announced at Lynchburg, Va., that Mrs.
Howard Gould had purchased a large estate near
Monday, January 1, Emancipation Day, was a
great day of celebration with the negro race at
man was shot and probably fatally
a non-union funeral driver at New
John W. Gates, it was said at Galveston, was
perfecting plans for a short-line railroad from Port
Arthur to Houston.
The German Foreign Office will publish a book
in reply to France's Yellow Book, dealing with the
trouble regarding Morocco.
Dispatches from various Russian cities indicate
that the policy of repression has been successfully
carried out by the Government.
Exports valued at over sixteen million dollars,
it is estimated, were shipped from Pensacola during
the year 1905, the best year's business of the city's
St. Petersburg's sixth annual Mid-Winter Fair
will open January 15, and from present indications
will be the most successful yet held.
The death of Judge Walter Van Dyke of the State
Supreme Court removed one of the best known pion-
eer lawyers in California. Judge Van Dyke was
eighty-two years old.
whom the organization purposes to educate.
The United Irish Leagup issued a manifesto urg-
ing voters to support labor candidates who favor
Home Rule, and in other cases to cast ballots for
Liberals exclusive of the Rosebery faction.
At Bonirdmian, in Marion County, the handsome
country residence of F. C. Sampson, a prominent
orange grower, was destroyed by fire. The loss, not
covered by insurance, is estimated to be $18,000.
It is %it.ited that Henry M. Flagler is considering
the billing of a range with the idea first of estab-
lishing target practice during the winter near his
Pahn Rencwh resort, and later to sell the range to
14 is said that Lewis Ross, who last January at
the Ormond-Dnytoha Beach races won the Dewar
Cup, anwl with it the.mile straight-away champion-
ship of the world, will not be its defender at the
coming Florida tournament.
W. J. Craig, who has been general passenger agent
of the Atlantic Coast Line, began his new duties
Monday of this week at Wilmington, N. C., where
his new headquarters as passenger traffic manager of
the Atlantic Coast Line will be.
Sheriff R. A. Jackson of Hillsboro County is in
Tallihassee looking after his interests. He has a
monger petition, which contains thousands of names
of the best citizens of Hillsboro, as a protest against
his removal from the office of Sheriff.
The Cotton Seed Oil Mills in this city narrowly
escaped destruction Saturday afternoon. Fifty bales
of cotton and lint were destroyed. The spread of the
fire was checked by the hard work of the fire depart-
ment. The loss amounts to about $1,000.
Advices received at the State Department at
Washington are that the threatened trouble between
Coloqibia and Venezuela, growing out of the escape
of the Venezuelan General Marinelli after his extra-
dition had been demanded of the Colombian Govern-
ment, has probably been avoided.
Following a custom established several years ago,
the naval observatory at midnight Sunday sent a
New Year's greeting around the world. This was
done by prearrangement with the telegraph and
cable companies, and it is estimated that the mes-
sage completed the telegraphic circuit of the world
in about ten seconds.
Senator Burrows, chairman of the committee on
privileges and elections, contemplates calling a meet-
ing of the committee to-day to consider matters
which have arisen in connection with the investiga-
tion of the protest against Senator Smoot of Utah.
Action will be determined by the presence of a quo-
rum of the committee.
At Gainesville real estate transactions are re-
ported to have taken on a spurt. In fact, the city
is on a substantial boom. Pensacola is also having
a similar experience. Among the recent transactions
there was the purchase of Rafford Hall of the Odd
Fellows by James G. Muldoon. At Palafax ahd Gar-
den Streets a seven-story structure is to be erected.
It has just been announced that one hundred
young men of Japan are to be brought to New York
by spring and entered in various colleges and schools
in and near New York City by the International Free
Scholarship Association. Hajune Hoshi, editor of
the Japanese Commercial Weekly, who is also at the
head of the Japenese department of the association,
is now in Japan, where he is selecting the young men
January 6, 1906
The legislators are giving careful consideration
to the recommendation of Third Assistant Postmas-
ter General Madden that the franking privilege be
abolished and that Senators, Representatives and
Federal departmental officials be required to use
postage stamps on all classes of mail, funds for the
purchase to be appropriated by Congress.
The just completed merger of the Pacific Mutual
Life Insurance Company of San Francisco and the
Conservative Life of Los Angeles, forms one of the
strongest life insurance companies in the country,
with insurance in force of $100,000,000 and assets
exceeding $10,000,000. The new company will be
called the Pacific Conservative Life Insurance Com-
Wednesday the monitor Florida, one of the finest
of her class in the United States navy, arrived at
this port. The Florida is in charge of Commander
C. W. Bartlett. The arrival of the monitor was
signalized by the proper courtesies and a hearty wel-
come, followed by an informal reception at the ,Jack-
bonville Board of Trade on the occasion of the fes-
tivities attendant upon the annual meeting.
Charles E. Garner, for seven consecutive years
president of the Jacksonville Board of Trade, was
reelected to office at the annual meeting of the
board held Wednesday. President Garner read his
annual address. The other officers elected are: W.
A. Bours, first vice-president; W. K. Haile, second
vice-president; and Howard E. Harkisheimer and
Charles H. Mann, members of the board of governors.
A collation was served.
Henry Brody and Maurice Tableporter, wealthy
merchants of New York and Brooklyn, are among
the prominent visitors at Tampa on a combined busi-
nems and pleasure trip, which will in all probability
mean much for that city. They contemplate the
purchase of a large tract of land near Ballast Point,
on which they intend erecting a large number of
handsome cottages for the purpose of renting to
tourists during the winter months, and also to resi-
dents of Tampa who desire to remove to a quiet point
on the bay front in the summer months.
The hazing sentence is said to be final. Although
the papers in the case of Midshipman Coffin, whose
trial by court-martial on the charge of having has
just been ended at Annapolis, will be forwarded to
the Navy Department for execution, approval by the
superintendent of the sentence of the court is, by
law, final. The law of June 23, 1874, provides that
"any cadet, midshipman or cadet engineer found
guilty of said offense (hazing) by said court, shall
upon recommendation of said court be dismissed, and
such finding, when approved by the superintendent,
shall be final and the cadet so dismissed from the
Naval Academy shall forever be ineligible to reap-
pointment to said Naval Academy."
Subpoenas have been served on the trustees of the
Internal Improvement Fund in an injunction suit
brought against the trustees by the Tallahassee
Southeastern Railway Company, which seeks to en-
join the trustees from disposing oi, paying out or
otherwise appropriating any money now in their
custody or control arising from the sale of about
110,000 acres of land situated in the counties of Tay-
lor and Lafayette sold by the trustees to the Talla-
ha'see Southeastern Railway Company, deeds being
placed in escrow in the First National Bank of Tal-
lahassee. The defendants are required to show
cause on the 23d day of January, 1906, before Hon.
John Malone, Circuit Judge, at Quincy, why the in-
junction as prayed should not be grintedI.
It has been decided by the executive council of
the National Civio Federation to orpgani a perma-
nent department on immigration. This action is in
harmony with the recommendation of the National
Conference on Immigration held recently under the'
auspices of the federation. The new department will
be made up of men selected to represent every section
in the Union that is afTected by the admission of
aliens. The purpose of the (department on immigra-
tion will be to investigate the important phases of
the subject as suggested by the discussion at the im--
migration conference. Such investigations will Im
carried on by committees, which will report their
findings to the department for its action. One of
the problems it will study will be distribution.
The coming French Presidential election will Ibe
unique in the history of the Third Republic in that
it will be the first in which a President has served
out his full term and then retired from office and
been succeeded by another. Only once before has a
President served out his full term. That was done
by Jules Grevy, but then he was reflected, so that
the point raised by "Ex-Attache" concerning the dual
holding of office was not then involved. Every other
Presidential term has been prematurely ended.
Thiers resigned. MacMahon resigned. (Grevy re-
signed in his wsond term. ('arnot wa as Iaminatedl.
C(asimir-Perier resigned. Femure died. Emile lAn.
wbt, however, happier than any of his predecessors,
is completing his term in peace and honor, and will,
at his own insistent sad imperative dire, retire to
privateA life, relinquishing the burden he has so ably
und loyally Imorn to his duly elected successor.
PAPAL SWIHH GUARD WILL HAVE JUBILEE,
'FIEN MAY BE DISBANDED.
IAome,-It being impossible to ascertain the ex-
net late of the founding of the Papal SwiM Guard,
the lPol|i decided that the 400th anniversary of it.
ixistmne I' celebratedd after the expiration of the
disputed period, 1905. It is surmi ed that after the
jubilee the famous Swims Guard may be disbanded,
as Pplus, according to his own statement, takes very
little interest "in playing with soldiers." At present
the Guardia Svizzera consists only of 110 men, cornm-
manded by five lieutenants, two captains, a major, a
lieutenant-colonel and a colonel. Colonel of the Swiss
i, Meyer von Schauensee, descendant of an old Lu-
c'rwn family, who Inherited the lucrative post from
his father. Nowadays the constitution forbids the
Swism to take service under foreign movereijgns. As a
consequence the Swiss Guard is gradually meta-
morphoming into an Italian guard.
During the jubilee feastties in 1006 the his-
torical events in which the old Swiss Guard figured
will be recalled by exhibitions, lectures, pictorial
reprewntations, etc. Most notable will be a paint-
ing showing the heroic death of 300 Swiss Guards
during the storming of Rome by the Constable of
Bourbon, in 1527. At that time the whole relment
was wiped out to a man. The Swiss Guards are
now doing police duty inside and outside of the
Vatican patlae, which, besides, has itb Noble Guard
and its Palnee Guard. The Palace Guard is com-
manded by Count Camillo Peoci, a nephew of the
late Pope. Pecci has the title of brigadier-panrl,
while the commander of the Noble Guard is styled
Agriculture -- Florida s
January 6, 1906
Conducted by W. E. Pabor
TO STATE EDITORS: Thui far only about a half
dosen exchanges have come to'me in answer to Mr.
L'Engle'a request. If, while gleaning from these,
other papers are not quoted, the fault will rest with
those who have neglected the request." I plan to care-
fully examine all exchanges sent me for items show.
ing agricultural progress everywhere throughout Flor-
ida. Addrev me at Avon Park, Fla.
A new year is upon us, with now duties new con-
flict, new trials and new opportunitie--Theodore L.
The wave is breaking on the shore,
The echo fading from the chime,
Again the shadow moveth o'er
The dial plate of Time.
* 0 *
Enter upon thy paths, 0 Yearl
Thy paths which all who breathe must tread.
The old year is dead, the new year is born. Hum-
bly, tearfully, we sink upon our knees, and slowly, in
answer to our prayers, comes back something of the
old faith of our childhood, and we rejoice that we are
granted one more New Year's day to begin again.-
I see not a step before me
As I tread on another year,
But what looks dark in the distance
May brighten as I draw near.
-Mary E. Brainard.
VIRTUE IN VEGETABLES.
An article on the medicinal properties of veg-
etables in Good Housekeeping groups together a lot
of interesting facts regarding them. In condensed
form they are as follows:
The turnip and the cabbage, with its various
branches, belong to the same family, a Chinese plant
being the original type.
Turnip tops are preferred to cabbage, especially
in the Southern States.
Raw cabbage in salads is more palatable than
when cooked, and as wholesome, having the same
mild tonic effect.
A small piece of bread put in the pot where cab-
bag is being cooked will absorb the odor some con-
sider as disagreeable, so will a bit of red pepper.
A pinch of salt will preserve the fresh green
color of vegetables when put in the water they are
Peas and beans are more nutritious than all other
vegetables. Once a Pope of Rome lived wholly on
Carrots, though somewhat tasteless, have their
uses. What would an Irish stew be without them?
They contain pectic acid, which helps to promote
digestion. They also purify the blood, improve the
complexion and brighten the color of the eyes. This
will interest the young lady readers of the SUN,
who, no doubt, think the carrot a horrid thing. It
is also used as a poultice to reduce inflammation.
The onion has laxative qualities, and is a good
blood purifier. Its odor-offensive to some-can be
counteracted by eating parsley or coffee. So can
whisky, as is well known. As a hot poultice in case
of earache it is said to be excellent, and a cut onion
in a sick room will absorb the poisoned air in it.
Sweet potatoes are the most nutritious and whole-
some food that can be given to children, and are
valuable in cases 'of cholera infantum. They are
neither laxative nor binding.
The squash possesses similar qualities to "the
The cucumber is a bihXMI purifier if aided by a
good digestion. Boiled and served in slices on hot
buttered toast with sauce and seasoning, any invalid
can enjoy it. The juice is softening to the skin, and
is used in many lotions offered for this purpose.
Parsnips are nutritious and wholesome, but
should only be eaten in their young state.
Asparagus has a distinct diuretic quality, and is
very wholesome, but to some persons its steady use
is not advisable.
Parsley has its use aside from being popular as'
a garnish. Dried and put in tin cans it will hold
its delicate flavor for a long time. In the long ago
Roman mothers made a poultice of fresh parsley
leaves to cover their breasts when they weaned their
babies, as it helped disperse the milk.
Celery is good for the nerves, as well as in rheu-
The tomato is no longer regarded as conducive
to the development of cancer. Its wholesomeness,
raw or cooked, has made it a universal favorite. The
"Love Apple" of other days is well beloved now for
its many good qualities.
Lettuce contains a trace of opium, and is often
used in cases of sleeplessness; it is found more in
the thick veins of the outer leaves than elsewhere.
It makes a wholesome and easily digested dish if not
made into a rich salad by dressing.
Dandelions have valuable medicinal qualities; the
leaves are wholesome as greens, but in the roots
their value lies, both as a diuretic and for the liver.
Stee lx in hot water and made into a tea the effect
on children is remarkable, dispelling the listless tor-
por resulting from a disordered liver. In stronger
decoction older persons find such tea has great virtue.
A Colorado man who for more than twenty years
was a pedantic pedagogue at the head of the Denver
school system, and of course, is therefore an "expert"
in economics, has recently visited the Philippine
Islands, and now expresses his views at large on the
effect of the removal of the tariff on sugar on the
I et sugar industry of Colorado. Says it will ruin
it. But how about the cane industry of the South?
Think of it! The grain crop alone of the country
this year is set down at 4,885,000,000 bushels, a gain
of 400,000,000 over last year. This includes only
what might be termed the cereal crops, and the
greater part of these come from the great valleys
of the Ohio, Missouri and Mississippi. Says a writer
in the Christian Weekly, "so the seed was sown and
the harvest came; and though four thousand times
the tender grain has sprung up from the soil, the
pledge of seed time and harvest has never been
(Continued on Fourteenth Page)
Last week I had occasion to visit a family, all
the members of which are dear friends of mine. The
home is one where the visitor finds an atmosphere
that is most refreshing and which results always in
bringing to the surface a person's spirit of cheerful-
ness and makes one feel that life is, after all, the
It is a well understood law of the household that
only topics of an optimistic nature areito be brought
up and discussed, and that unkind remarks, regard-
ing the faults and shortcomings of friends and peo-
ple in general, are not to be considered as a topic
of conversation. There are times when the father
and mother post their children about the undesirable
habits of acquaintances and some few friends, but
this is only rarely done, and then in a most friendly
and kindly spirit, to warn their children from the
formation of certain habits and to give them correct
and normal views.
It is astonishing what a wonderful effect this has
in the training of the children and what an honestly
happy family this is.
The elder daughter came in during the afternoon
front a visit to a neighbor who was quite ill. She
related how she put to rout a half-domen women of
the pessimistic pattern, who had gathered about the
sick woman's bedside to be of comfort, cheer and
help to her. These visitors had magnified every
symptom and ache, and had gotten the patient in
a mood that was blue and despondent.
Only by the exercise of her cheerful disposition
did she bring help to relieve the situation, and by
a display of tact succeeded in getting the pessimistic
women out of the room and at work doing something
of usefulness about the house, while she, in the mean-
while, obeered the patient as she rearranged the bed-
ding and tidied the room.
"But it eems of little avail, after all," she re-
marked, "for the minute I left I know those women,
meaning to be good, got that patient low-spirited
agIn, and between them they are going to do her
more allof t un ld but catch this he ful spirit
of seaBsfula and thus aid to make t world
By Eleanore du Bois
brighter and letter. But alas! we magnify our
troubles too much and clothe them superbly with a
reality of misery and worry they do not possess.
Then on top of this falne move, we bring our troubles
like most welcome and highly desirable guests into
our homes and give them every care and attention
by a rehearsal of them and an embellishment of their
crushing power which takes the best there is out
of home life-happiness, harmony, and even health.
Therefore it behooves us to follow the good ex-
ample of this ideal family life. True it is a habit.
Get this habit.
You cannot commence too soon, especially if there
are young children whose characters are to be
moulded. Begin to 1kh cheerful and insist on having
nothing less than this eternally in the household.
To many of us this may seem like easier said than
done, but no new habit was fully attained at one
trial. It is the everlastingly at it that makes the set
habit, be it good or bad.
All we want to remember is that the bad habit
is a hard, relentless master, and the good habit is
a never-failing friend. It is always up to us whether
we will be subservient to ia cruel master-the bad
habit-or have our absolute freedom in the compan-
ionship of true, helpful friends-the' good habits.
Some timely hints are included in the following
A little child should never be allowed to go to
sleep with its face partly under the bed clothing.
Mothers are supposed to know this, but they are
often careless. A child's face must he entirely un-
covered when asleep, so that it inhales only perfectly
pure air and not that which has already been
breathed. It is trifling things like this which make
or mar a child's future health.
Salt water fish are much improved, says Good
Housekeeping, if they are soaked in salted water for
half an hour before cooking.
An English physician declares that it is better
to keep scarlet fever patients at home, where the
germs die out gradually in tl:e fri!-?i 'ir. than t.,
send them to a hospital, where they are in the midst
of dosens of other cases in all stages of the disease.
On their return to school the germs are called into
activity by the foul air in the room, and the disease
is spread to others.
The simplest mint sauce is made by steeping the
chopped mint in boiling water, about half a cup ful
to a handful of mint, covering the bowl and placing
it where it will cool quickly. Let it stand for three-
quarters of an hour, then add a little sugar, salt,
paprika and four tablespoonfuls of mild vinegar.
Those readers who live at point along the lower
east coast will Ie interested to know all about a new
fad up North, which is the making of cocoanut ware.
A friend of mine mentioned it to me and I wrote her
to send directions. In the home circle many pleas-
ant and useful evenings can be spent by working out
different patterns of this ware.
Plenty of fresh air and deep breathing exercises
will do many a tired woman the greatest good. Busy
with her multitudinous duties she forgets that she
must keep healthy and well, and so is very apt to
neglect the two essentials mentioned. If you do not
get the fresh air you need and the deep breathing
you should have, insist at once upon having them,
and you will libe all the better off for it.
The Chicago Record-Herald says: "Bonbons are
not to he condemned. There are times when the sys-
tem craves sweets and needs them. It is the con-
stant nibbling at candy that works destruction, in-
terfering with a healthy, regular appetite and de-
priving the bodly of more substantial nourishment.
It is an easy matter to change a child's mind from
Ionhoms to fruit, and every child should have all the
oranges, grapes, apples and dates that lie cares to
eat, for these are much better for him than meats
and heartier foods. Few grown people eat as much
fruit as they should, and even fewer of them drink
enough water to keep the body in good condition.
The woman with the bright, clear, healthy complex-
ion is alnumt always the one who keeps the digestive
organs active., nd who
:,lin by regular bathing."
(Continued on Fifteenth Page)
January 6, 1906
- THE SUN
By Charles Battle Loomis
He was a coward. No man save himself knew it
for he had been fortunate enough to keep the knowl-
edge of it from others. But he knew that he was
He admired bravery in other men. Hlie read tales
of heroes with keen pleasure and he wished that
the gods had given him the quality of courage. But
he was nevertheless a coward.
When the Spanish war broke out he saw his
friends go to the front and lie envied them. They
will do brave deeds and be admired of men, thought
he, but I who am a coward must stay at home with
And he loved a girl and was loved in return by
her. And she did not know that he was a coward.
But well he knew that he was.
And as the weeks went by and much fighting had
been done and yet he had not offered up his manhood
for the cause his sweetheart grew impatient and
asked him what kept him at home. And he could
not answer her. For he would not admit that he was
a coward save to himself.
Then as she importuned him to go lie weighed
his chances. If I go, said lie, I may not see actual
service, but she cannot twit me with cowardice. I
will risk it for my soul's peace.
And he enlisted. And for many months fortune
favored him and lie saw no active service. But yet
his knees shook daily when lie thought of the possi-
bilities of the future.
And at last lie was ordered into battle, and be-
cause his moral cowardice outweighed his physical
fear and he feared ridicule more than he feared dan-
ger lie exposed himself to the fire of the enemy. And
lie was unharmed, but his fellows said, he is a brave
And his first battle was his last also, for the war
ended on that day and he went home. And the
papers and his comrades spoke of his bravery, and
his sweetheart accepted him at his reputed valuation
and they were married.
But his life was embittered, for he hated hypoc-
risy and in his heart of hearts lie knew that he was
still a coward.
Have you an allowance?
If your husband is a salaried nian lie ought to
give you an allowance, because it is to be -supposed
that you do your. share of the work that goes to the
making of home and you are therefore a partner in
If your husband is an artist or a musician or a
writer and is dependent on his skill in disposing of
his work, that is to say, if he is without a regular
salary, you can hardly expect him to give you an
allowance; but you should make no bones of asking
him for what you need, because, again, you are part-
Your husband is not a little tin god on wheels.
His money is your money, and you may depend
upon it that if you were earning and he was house-
keeping he would cheerfully and promptly ask you
for money as he needed it.
I have known wives to ask as a favor what was
theirs by right.
Of course if you are merely the fine lady with no
responsibilities; if you are a member of this and
of that club and spend you time in writing papers
on the bringing up of other people's children while
your own are brought up with a round turn (event.
ually), you have no right to ask your husband for
money. You are no longer a partner in the concern.
Hlie is the whole thing and he may do as he pleases
with his hard-earned money.
Or if you are extravagant and for your sins your
husband has kept a tight hand on the purse, I have
nothing to say. It is not pleasant to see money
laboriously earned gaily dispersed, as if the fact of
spending it generated more.
But if you know that you are healthily econom-
ical, and if your husband is doing well, why, ask him
this evening when he cornms borne. Walt until he
has dined (and see that the dinner in a good one).
Then when lie is smoking his cigar Just tell him how
you were admitted into the partnership when you
were married to him, and that hereafter he will
plea see to it that you have a decent allowance.
Of course you must dress up your request in what
diplomatic robes are at your command. Don't use
a "stand and deliver" attitude or he may call in the
But if he allows the allowance don't thank nme,
rather laugh at yourself for not having had spirit
enough to ask it before.
It's yours by right.
I heard a beautiful story the other day about an
afflicted father, a loving daughter, and it piano.
It seems that the father had long wished his
daughter to bIecome a proficlent lierformer on tihe
piano, and the daughter, distrusting her own capta-
bilities, had made up her mind that she could never
play well enough to make her devotion of hours and
hours of practice worth while.
Suddenly, and almost without wi ruing, her father
was stricken with blindness, and then the daughter,
taking a leaf out of Dickens, determined to play Dot
to his Caleb, and with that in view she bought a
piano player on the installment plan.
Her father had been away for some weeks when
the automatic player came to the house, and upon
his return she said to him: "Father, dear, would
you like to hear some musie?"
And her father said, "I would indeed, daughter,
if you can play some for me. I want to see if you
have improved during my absence."
So the old gentleman sat himself down on the
sofa and turned his ear toward the piano, and the
daughter put a Hlungarian Rhapsody by Liszt int
its place and started the mechanism,
When she came to the end her father called her
to him and kissed her upon her forehead and Ipatted
her cheek and said: "What a dear little thing it is
and how much it loves to pleas its paps. P'ader-
ewski might interpret it differently but he could not
play it any faster."
And while the daughter's pride and her conscience
were having it out between them, her father said:
"Daughter, I too, have a surprise."
lie turned toward her and continued: "While
in New York I visited an oculist and I can now see
as well as I ever could. How much do you have to
pay a month for the thing?"
Have you a meek husband?
Don't bullyrag him.
Remember that even if you omit the "honor alnd
obey" clause in the marriage service you were made
partners, and as lie probably suggested the partner-
ship in the first place he has some rights.
If you must bullyrag him be sure that you do it
in the quiet (or tumult) of your own home. This
baiting of a husband in public, while it may afford
food for laughter on the part of the groundlings, can
but make the judicious grieve.
A large woman leading around a small puppy is
always a ridiculous sight.
If you make a puppy of your husband and aceom-
pany him out of evenings, remember that some of the
after-laughter will be expended upon you.
If he is a puppy feed him well, treat him kindly-
and perhaps i will beoase a jolly dog.
But do not live a comic supplement life with him,
because the comic |laper habit in so general in this
country and the types are so firmly grounded in the
minds of even the young that you will be recognized
at sight, and depend upon it, all the sympathy will
go out to the (under) dog.
Perhaps you are intelligent and your husband is
not. Don't twit him with your college education.
When you come right down to it, if he never went
to eoldhge, you have forgotten most of what you
learned there, and No you are not in a position to
snub him as unmercifully as you do.
No doubt your mind was disciplined by the very
things you have forgotten, but remember that, "while
it is excellent to have a giant's strength it is tyran-
nous to use it like a giant." Lead your husband up.
Don't beat him down.
Mrs. Worthing, Mrs. Gregory Worthing, said to
me the other day:
"I cannot understand why it is that so many
mothers think their ducks are swans. Now, there's
Mrs. Brown, always boasting about the rapid prog-
re,1w that her Dorothy has made in music, ant my
I-thel, who did not begin until a term later, plays
a great deal better.
If there is a boy that I admire iI the suburb in
which I live, which suburb is in Connectient, by the
way, it is Tonm Hlingham. lie is tall and sturdy and
good tempered and a favorite with boys and girls;
lie has a well-developed sense of humor and I never
meet him but I find that we two have a good deal in
common, in spite of our fifty years' disparity.
The other evening I went into town in the same
ear with his mother and father, and I had quite a
that with Mrs. Hinghanm, who is very different from
Our subject was children, and I confessed to her
that I was clean discouraged about my boy Harry;
that it did seem as if all my talking and advice and
splendid example since he was born had been thrown
away on him, and that lie seemed more thoughtless
and hopeless every day.
"Why, I'm werfectly astonished to hear you say
o.," she said. I was telling Mr. Bingham only last
night that if there was a manly, well brought up boy
in the place it was your Harry, and he agreed with
ine. Dear me I if you had such a chap as Tom to
bring up you might well despair. I sometimes won-
der whether we'll ever get any credit for having tried
to bring him up In the way he should go."
"Why, Mrs. Bingham, surely you are joking,"
said I. "Your son Tom is the one boy in town that
I think is a credit to his parents. lie always lifts
his cap when he meets me; the other day I saw him
helping the washerwoman over a bad place on the
iy pavement, and I know that he is a great favorite
with the other boys--and girls, too. I don't believe
you know your boy Tom at all."
And then it came over me like a thunder clap,
"Do I know my boy Harry Does he show off his
best points at home?"
And it struck me that perhaps Mrs. Bingham
and I were better off in our sons than either of us
"Different mothers boast of different things," she
went on, "but almost all but myself boast about
something in their children, and for my part I think
the children in this place are very ordinary. Greg-
ory carries himself very much better than most chil-
dIren, Ibenume I insisted upon his poing in to New
York to take dancing lessons when he was not eight,
but the average boy of today is awfully slouchy.
And yet I heard Mrs. Harrison talking about her son
Arthur bring as straight as an Indian and that he
got it from his father. Fancy, that under-slsed little
*John Harrison I
"And Mrs. Winslow says that Barbara sews re-
markably well for a girl of ten, and she is always
showing me the last thing she has done. Why, Ethel
sewed well naturally. I never taught her a stitch,
but she does all my towel hemming now. But I
never would think of boasting of it.
"And the other day I happened to say that (Jreg-
ory had quite a correct ear, and that now that his
voice had changed he sang better than any of the
Ioys in the choir, and that was enough for Mrs.
)Denmok. HhIe began, and she talked and talked abolmut
the beauty of C(lemnent's voice, and said that he took
aftter her. Abslmolute conceit, and yet she never
imagined for a moment that I noticed it. Now, with
(Iregory, his singing comes perfectly natural, because
I have always sung, and in fact when 1 was a girl I
lused to be always asked to sing in company, but
when I married I gave it up."
When 'I remembered that to my unprejudiced eyen
(Iregory was a good-natured hobbledehoy and Ethel
a kind-hearted but hopelesly eommon-plac child, I
couldn't elp wondering with Mrs. Wortag why it
Is that o many mothers thiak their dudel are mwsa.
Saturday, January 6, 1906
Those New Year t solutions
As this is the sixth day of the new year, it is quite probable that several of
those resolutions you made five days ago, have been broken.
If, in your case they have, IX) NOT BE DISCOURAGED.
The very fact that you DID MAKE good resolutions proves that you have
started right-proves that you are not an oyster-proves that you have a healthy
sense of your shortcomings and a real desire to improve yourself.
This in itself is encouraging, and important as is the KEEPING of resolu-
tions, the MAKING OF THEM is more important still.
None of us is so strong that temptation does not find a weak place in the
barrier of our resolves, but each time we make a good resolution we get nearer
to success in the keeping of all we do make.
So, to those who have resolved and failed we say--TAKil A FRESH GRPll I
ON YOURSELVES, AND BEGIN AGAIN.
To those who have been strong enough to keep the pledges they have made
we say-WATCH YOURSELVES AND PERSEVERE.
To those who have let go by the day which custom has declared to be the
day to make good resolutions, and have not made them, we my-START NOW,
The time that has passed cannot be recalled. Days and hours that have gone
are days and hours lost.
BUT TO-DAY IS HERE, for our improving, and we can resolve to make
better use of the days and hours that stretch ahead of us, THE DAYS AND
HOURS THAT ARE LEFT.
There is yet spread before you a new, clean page. It is within your power to
write on it what you determine to write. If you are worried hly the past, resolve
to make it up. If you are haunted by the mistakes you lh;ve made, lay this
ghost by determining to PROFIT BY THOSE VERY MISTAKES.
Failure is the stepping stone to achievement. Most of the world's great men
have won success only after repeated failure. Peter the C'eat said that his
enemies taught him how to beat them by their repeated defeats of his untrained
armies. Napoleon, discouraged by his numerous failures to win recognition from
those in power, wandered alone along tlhe banks of the Seine and thought of sui-
cide, until he was called to himself by his faithful Junot. Washington reeled
through New Jersey with his beaten army to the terrors of Valley Forge, and
triumphed at Trenton and Yorktown.
You know what things you should give up. You know what you should
strive for. Make your place of life accordingly and stick to it. Work at it
patiently and perseveringly. Above all things, DO NOT BE DISCOURAGED.
Do not let a small failure or even a big failure cause you to give up the struggle.
There is one suggestion we offer to all our readers-oldI and young, men,
women and children.
It is a resolution that is just as good in January as it is in July or Decem-
ber. It is
FEED YOUR MIND.
Study to add something each day to your store of knowledge. This is the
day of THE MAN WHO KNOWS.
Knowledge has been power during all the ages that have gone, but the power
of knowledge IS STRONGER TO-DAY than it ever was.
Many of the crimes and superstitions of the past are no longer possible,
because the people have increased in knowledge. Witches are no longer burned
in New England, nor is the hair of the dog applied as a preventive against hydro-
phobia, but we still load our stomachs with food we do not need and we permit
our women and children to wear out their frail bodies at the tasks beyond their
These and other evils can be corrected, and they will cease with the spread
DO ALL YOU CAN TO DEVELOP YOUR POWER TO THINK.
Increase your supply of actual information.
Talk with the most intelligent people you know. Read good books. If you
haven't got them borrow them from your friends or patronize the free libraries.
Get a clear view of the past by reading history. You can then have the
surest guide for the future.
Resolve to know.
To all our readers we wish a happy, prosperous, and improving new year.
The White Man's Burden
Statistics lately issued in a bulletin by the Census Bureau, at Washington,
make comment necessary on a condition we have to face.
This, too, in connection with some significant remarks emblodi-, hby governorr
James K. Vardaman in his annual message this week to the Mississippi IAegis-
The statistics say that 44 1-2 per cent of the negroes are illiterate, and that
illiteracy in the South is, in general, greater than in the North.
Governor Vardaman, speaking for Mississippi, says practically: "Incretasv
the percentage of illiteracy among the negroes by withholding education from
them and thus reduce not only the EXPENDITURE OF4)F A HALI-MILLION DOL-)
LARS, but also WIPE OUT THE HIGH PERCENTAGE OF CRIME prevalent
in the negro race."
Why is it that the South has such a large ,percentage of illiteracy as com-
pared with other sections?
It is because there are so many negroes, and that they have to be educatted
almost entirely at THE EXPENSE OF TlHE WHITE CITIZENS.
This vast expenditure in each State of the South in deflected from tite public
school educational channels and WHITE CHILDREN DO NOT RECEIVE TIll"
EDUCATION THEY SHOULD.
School terms are short. Teachers are not plentiful. Salaries of instructors
are not commensurate with the talent and experience required. Nor is the
standard of the schools set, much less maintained, as high as it should be.
ALL THESE CONDITIONS EXIST because our burden is heavy. We try
to make an almost barren garden produce wonderful plant creations-tthe noxious
weed to receive the same care and attention that Ielongs to the highly cultured,
gorgeous strain of beautiful flowers; the weed to produce as grand results in
development and effect.
WE TRY AN IMPOSSIBILITY and then wonder "why are things so?"
The barren garden represents the inadequate school and educational facilities
we have. The weed is the negro. Thie cultured flower is the child of the white
r You need by no means be a horticulturist to know what barren soil CAN-
n tn. ... ..
The weed has no chance, and the cultured flower much less. Under suci
andiftieos both weed and flower are more or les- a failure. They may remain in
that rdnim their full allotted time, but each class will be a representative of
Aantedo aot e sight of the fact that the obnoxious weed, even under the
best of com& WILL NEVER BE OTuZR THAN A WEED.
This experimental system of intellectual gardening is but a poor apology for
good husbandry. It has become a burden; a heavy burden.
THE SOUTH HAS FELT IT THESE FORTY YEARS AND MORE.
What is to be done?
Governor Vardaman plainly answers this question.
He bases his assertions on the results of the education of the negro, which
results the negro has himself furnished. The negro has been given every chance
and opportunity, and how has he "made good?"
He has only "made good" the Southern opinion and KNOWLEDGE OF HIMt
which is and always has been that those negroes who can read and write ARE
MORE CRIMINAL THAN THE ILLITERATE NEGROES.
And of such is the fruit of the garden.
Startling facts to you? They are revealed by the census to the general
public. They are borne out and known by the people of the South simply by
And so Governor Vardaman, with emphasis to the Mississippi legislators,
in special session assembled, answers the question of "What is to be done" by
"It is your function to put a stop to the worse than wasting of a half-million
dollars annually-nmoney taken from the toiling white men and women of Missis-
sippi-and devoted to the vain purpose of trying to make something of the negro
w lnch the Great Architect of the Universe failed to provide for in the original
plan of creation."
You have noticed our announcement on paige 2 of this issue, and it has
appealed to you BECAUSE IT IS GOOD. We want that spmeial, bright and
invigorating SUN-light which radiates from each issue of THE SUN to brighten
every home in the State of Florida. That is why we have made the reduction
in the subscription price. As this news goes out with the publication of this,
iur first issue in 1906, we know it will Iwe reflected again upon us in the flood
of new subscriptions we shall receive. We thank you in advance. We will not
forget to say to you who are already subscribers that if you paid $2 for a year's
subscription you SIIALL RECEIVE THE SUN for TWO YEARS, instead of one
year; if you paid $1 for a six months' subscription, you will get 52 copies, instead
of 26; if you paid a three months' subscription of 50 cents, you can safely count
on receiving THE SUN for six months. ITHE SUN, in our original plans, was
to be a popular paper. It WAS THAT from its first issue. Now we desire to
make it a POPULAR-PRICED PAPER, and here we are with the goods done up
in a 10-page attractive form for your good and edification. In making THI
SUN a popular paper and a popular-priced paper. we make it the PEOPLE'S
PAPER of Florida. Not only DOES THE SUN LIVE, but its growth WILL BE
substantial and phenomenal. Nothing can prevent this, for the good will of thou.
sands of friends is ours.
Henry M. Flagler, president of the Florida East Coast Railway, has been
making a systematic visit of the east coast, and has been niuch gratified with
the marked improvements noticeable at all of the east coast towns. As the citi-
zens of the various towns and cities show their public-spiritedness and sense of
improvement of their home city, just in that measure do they not only grow and
become more prominent on the map, but they also receive benefits and improve.
mcot from the railroad company. At Fort Pierce many practical and marked
improvements have been made, and the railway facilities will be extended amd
Curse of the Permanent Job
Bound by the flimsy and filmy, yet irritating and bothersome COHBWEIIS
SA PERMANENT JOB, ever so many people are, in a business sense, MERELY
LISTING, NOT LIVING.
*Bright young men, as well as bright young women, have gotten into this rut.
IThey began life's work with hope and ambition. They put energy and good
11 into all they did and advanced admirably until they reached a certain plane.
THEY THEN RESTED THERE. Rest felt so good. Why go higher? No
ed for that; the position they filled was cosy and comfortable. From it they
Aid issue their petty orders and dictate "do this" or "don't." They were given
understand by their superiors that they were most unrep)laevable fixtures.
ey were made to know that they were an "IT," from whose mandate there
mid be no appeal.
We have often met this class of people. In business we meet such cob-
bbed people nearly every day. They are so filled with imnginnry importance
U5E OF BEING
UOT f PERR-
, UTJOB I
tat if you call on them on a business matter you inust pams through certiint
nrmalitles before you can reach them.
When you do, it's ten to one that you will be snubbed. Your questions,
which should receive the direct, business-like and primed-with-information replies
which you are .entitled are answered in i round-about, evasive in1miner,
usually enshrouded with an air of secrecy and mystery that is uncanny at first,
ut really very funny and silly after you once understand the person.
So sure are some people of their permanent jobs that they go to the extent
>f being insulting. So firmly intrenched do they feel that they take a delight
|n going not only as far as they can, but jumping over the barrier of "the
This condition is only another evidence of how rusty, querrnilous 1nd dis-
agreeable people can and do become when they have their way In everything-
en they plod along the deadening rut of the PERMANENT JOB.
If you ask for some information which they should have ready, by 'exprienMe
and knowledge, they do not know a thing about it. They are too busy to look
It up then, and they put you off according to a systematic method they long ago
In the holding of such positions, the want of competition albets the annoy-
ance of it all.
Just let such a cobwebbed person know that someone else WILL GET TIHE
POSITION if the incumbent does not do better.
THEN NOTE THE CANOE.
All the dormant skill, industry and ambition will begin to struggle to get
to the surface, and the cobwebs will be brushed away with alacrity.
THERE WILL BE SOMETHING DOING in that office, and no mistake.
It will then become a pleasure to call there and have your information given
to you politely, intelligently and acceptably.
The grumpy, sour individual will present a complete metamorphosis that will
be exhilarating to behold. You will find the awakened desire to do something
along the lines of original endeavor to be prevalent, and all because these lxwrsons
have bestirred themselves to BRUSH AWAY THIF COBWEBS.
The general indication in, unfortunately, that many of these eobwebled peo-
ple are always in a position to head off and intercept all complaints made, against
them to their superiors. If occasionally they fail in this they h.ive LITTILE
WAYS AND MEANS by which their painful faults and impudence is more than
excused, and they mount the martyr pedestal.
There is one way of atiLon for the head of an organization, a business
Saturday, January 6, 1906
or a community, and that is to TRANSFER HELP WHERE IT MUST WORK
OUT ITS "TO IE OR NOT TO BE."
Thus placed the employee is going to make his or her very IM'st talents,
ability and skill and energy count.
'There are no two ways about that.
It is a nicely calculated certainty of the survival of the fittest.
Are You Lioing, or 'Do You Merely. xiut
Beatrice Fairfax, in the New York Evening Journal.
"Let us then be up and doing,
With a heart for any fate;
Still achieving, still pursuing-
Learn to labor and to wait."
Going goinglI gone I It-twenty-four precious hours of your life that can
never be brought back.
What have you done with them?
Have you anything to show for them or have you frittered them awiay?
It is dreadful that we are so extravagant with time, the one thing that we
ean never, never win back.
We waste it recklessly, foolishly.
From every waking hour we should derive some benefit.
Begin to-day and get the very most you can out of every day hereafter.
Live; don't stagnate.
Have an interest of some kind-anything in preferable to alpathy.
Make up your mind to learn something every day.
The older you grow the harder it will be to learn and to receive new impres-
So you see you cannot afford to waste a moment.
Keep your eyes open as you travel to and fro on the elevated or subway.
There is always something of interest to be seen.
Read as many good books as you can.
Take advantage of the free lectures that are given in the public Sltools,
Cooper Union, the Museumn of Natural llistory, etc.
Put your whole heart and soul into whatever you do.
Don't drift along thinking you'll do something to-morrow; do it to-day.
Proserantination steals your youth and ambition.
Remember that you have a duty to yourself, as well as to the world at large.
That duty is self-improvement. Seize every opportunity that cones your
IDon't Ib ashamed to ask questions-that is the only way to learn.
And don't underestimate your own powers.
Instead of thinking that you can't do a thing well, make up your mind that
you will do it well.
Don't hw too backward-the world will forget all about you unless you push
your way along.
So many people are merely existing.
They drag along in a spiritless way, hating their lives and yet not having
suffh'ient energy to make a change.
Pretty soon they will be so deeply embedded in their slough of inertia that
they will never get out of it.
Poor things; life is so wonderful and beautiful, and they aire getting so little
out of it.
Do not let us plod down the years of time; let us march proudly with heads
up and eyes set steadily on achievement.
We must do something; must have something to show for the years of life
that have been granted us.
We all have our chance; don't let yours slip through your fingers.
Our worthy president of the Jacksonville Board of Trade, Charles Edwin
Uarner, has been again in the annual lime light. This week 1e occupied the cen-
ter of the stage at the annual meeting of the board and was the star int the cast.
As a star he is resplendant, and touchingly comforting was the array of good
things that shone forth from his annual report. Business has been good-mighty
good-was the keynote of his statistical report. While we were; much impressed
with the statement that the Jacksonville Board of Trade, and WHICH STATE-
MENT WE INDORSE AND BELIEVE, is "a large organization always having
in mind the welfare of the community and THE RIGHTS ANI) INTERESTS OF
OTHERS," we cannot quite reconcile this honest, true presentation of a fact
with the action of certain members of THIS SAME LARGE ORGANIZATION,
who by their action have forced THE SUN to institute a suit for damages by
reason of their undisguised means and methods to wreck and ruin a business
concern-THE SUN-of this city of Jacksonville, in this fair State of Florida.
This acnetion of these certain men is emphatically directed against the vital prin-
ciple of the Jacksonville Board of Trade, WHICH DECLARES THIAT MEMBEItS
OF THIS BODY SHALL HELP EACH OTHER. To know that the active dredg-
ing of the St. Johns means 20 FEET OF WATER NOW at the bar and a 24-foot
channel in the near future, was commented on by President Garner. It in the
"Imst thing ever" for Jacksonville, and none too soon can we have it, for THIE
SUN is most anxious that Jacksonville SHALL BE THE NAVAL STORES port
of the world, for that in one of the few great things deep water on the St. Johns
bar means for Jacksonville.
There is no doubt but that any investment Mr. Flagler may make in a rifle
range at some point along the Florida east coast will be a wise, sensible business
proposition on his part. WE KNOW that whatever this friend of the State of
Floridas may do along this line will be of the establishment OF THE BEST to be
had and a credit to any section of the country. It will mean employment of
labor, increase of business and an additional throb of prosperity, all of which are
never amiss. Should this work be undertaken and completed there would be no
difficulty for Mr. Flagler to dispose of the same to the Government, and from
this distant and perspective viewpoint the Government is most apt-almost cer-
tain-to get a bargain in addition to the elimination of red tape and circumlocu-
Two men from the North are in Florida. A simple statement this, yet if we
had a score or more of SUCH MEN in the State it would mean the growth of the
State would take on a new spirit. These two men are now .it Tampa. ready to
enter into the expenditure of thousands of dollars in that section, as they con-
template the purchase of large tracts of land. Their selection in that of certain
areas beautifully situated and highly adaptable for winter residences. On these
lands theypropoe to erect cottages and winter homes for tourist* to the west
coast. THE SUN welcomes THESE TWO MEN most heartily. May many others
like them come Floridaward, and may they COMB OON.
January 6, 1906
Conducted by Leatherbery
A New Sunbeam Featwae if The Sun A Colman Devoted to New Thought
Spirtual Development and Growth e one Open Oly4 to Optimfstic Opinions
Ring out the old, ring in the new, ring in the same. A year is
born again, a reincarnation of the old man. Last year we called him
1906; this year, being wiser, we call him 1906. There is nothing new
or old under the sun-the same thing ever, but wiser. He does not
care what you call him-names are man-made, temporary affairs, good
as far as they go, useful for the time being, while we need words and
What do you suppose his real name is-the one written on the
"white stone"? All, who can tell, or, knowing, dare tell? The wise
ones know from 1905 what 1906 will be. Are you wise in your day and
generation? If not, why not? Will 1906 have any memory of 19056?
If not, why not? Have you any memory of your first birthday?
Mark Twain, on the celebration of his seventieth birthday, said:
"I have had a great many birthdays in my time. I remember the
first one very well, and I always think of it with indignation." But
then that was Mark Twain, and you must take him like dreams, con-
But anent this teaching of reincarnation. The progressive, un-
prejudiced mind cannot afford to ignore the fact that this teaching
which has ruled "without any sign of decreptitude or decay over the
Burman, Chinese, Tartar, Tibetan and Indian nation, including at
least six hundred and fifty millions of mankind," is slowly and surely
threading its way to the Western world.
The Rev. W. R. Alger, in his "Critical History of the Doctrine of
a Future Life," has this to say: "No other doctrine has exerted so
extensive, controlling and permanent an influence upon mankind as
that of the metempsychosis-the notion that when the soul leaves the
body it is born -anew in another body; its rank, character, circum-
stances and experience in each successive existence depending on its
qualities, deeds and attainments in its preceding lives. It bore sway
through the Eastern world long before Moses slept in his little ark of
bullrushes; Caesar found it among the Gauls beyond the Rubicon; it
prevailed at a very early period among the Egyptians, and later among
the Greeks and Romans; it was generally adopted by the Jews from the
time of the Babylonian captivity, and has been found among various
aboriginal nations both of North and South America."
The Swedish sage, Swedenborg, declares it a "process whereby the
evolution of the higher faculties is made possible."
Poets and sages have sung and embodied it in loftiest poems and
prose. There is a largely increasing number to whom it is growing less
and less repulsive. That repulsive (to some) aspect of it brings to light
some odd absurdities.
Exclaimed a lady, to whom I was recently explaining reincarna-
tion, "Oo-oo1" shrugging her shoulders violently, and with pain in her
voice, I do not want to come back to this thing again." Now, pray
tell me what "this thing" is? Why, life, which time and time again
she has declared to be the gift of God, a thing of beauty, and which
she strives might and main to maintain.
I find, almost without exception, that those who declare most ve-
hemently against returning to this dear old world are the very ones who
are striving unceasingly to stay here the longest and talk the loudest of
the glories which they know are awaiting them beyond the grave. To
them longevity is fascinating and absorbing. They diet, they drug,
they pray, all for what? To sojourn a little longer in this world, to be
in and of its aches and pains, its discords and harmonies; its joys and
sorrows, its peace and wars, its calms and struggles, to which there is;
no surcease, and never will be so long as this planet is in existence.
For this earth is a school in which man gets the experiences neces-
sary for the evolution of the perfect man. Death has no transforming
power; it does not transmute the villain into a seraph. If it did, we
would do wisely and well to rush headlong into its arms.
In Balzac's "Seraphita," undoubtedly his "chef-d'oeuvre," his
"piece de resistance," in which he brings out the height and depths of
his wonderful occult knowledge, Seraphita declares: "Who knows how
many fleshly forms the heir of heaven occupies before he can be brought
to understand the value of that silence and solitude whose starry plains
are but the vestibule of spiritual worlds? The virtues we acquire,
which develop slowly within us, are the invisible links that bind each
one of our existences to the others-existences which the spirit alone
remembers, for matter has no memory of spiritual things. Thought
alone holds the tradition of the bygone life."
In the same vein, of this lapse of consciousness, Tennyson sings:
"Or, if through lower lives I came,
Though all experience past became
Consolidate in mind and frame.
"I might forget my weaker lot;
For is not our first year forgot?
The haunts of memory echo not.
"Some draught of Lethe doth await.
As old mythologies relate,
The slipping through from state to state."
Walt Whitman, that deep, rich old soul, of whose depth and rich-
ness a few kindred souls have a glimmer, cries out:
"And as to you, Life, I reckon you are the leavings of many deaths,
(No doubt I have died myself ten thousand times before)"?
Awake to the realization of YOUR INFLUENCE.
Understand once and for all that if your influence
is a badI influence that the wisdom of "Get thee be-
hind nme. Sttan," must be applied by you to root out
this evil influence. If you continue to delight in
your influence for bad you had better remember that
worse than a curse rests upon you. for there never
yet was i wrong committed but what the doer had
to suffer and undo the wrong.
THIS IS A LAW.
We may deny its existence, but that is because
our eyes have not yet been opened to this law. It
is only by growth in good that we can understand
We each of us have a superabundance of good
influence within and about us. The trouble is we
neglect to value it. We let it lie dormant and
And that's why it in: "Awake to the realiza-
tion of your influence." Even the best of us must
keep fully aw4ke and bright along this line.
It is not only by example, words, deeds and ac-
tions that we exert an influence. It is largely by
o Thtougits a tlhings-vibrationis--and uncon-
selously you exert with your thoughts an influence
every moment of every day upon people. It is a
Sa woadrfuI, a marvelous power.
B CAREFUL HOW YOU USE YOUR
"I think," said a friend, "that the cause of so
many quarrels and misunderstandings is due to the
fact that men do not understand or know themselves,
and therefore they do not know each other."
True. Were we gifted with a high, true and
spiritual sense of the Golden Rule we would under-
stand what the effect of our quick, thoughtless, hurt-
ful words would be upon ourselves were they spoken
with as much animus, malice and gall by another
and applied to us.
To know yourself means to be more Christ-like,
patient, filled with forbearance and good will. It
means that you have come into a realization of what
powers for good are inherent within you.
Everyone will grow and expand in character and
spirituality as soon as he gains an *inner revelation
of his life and nature. In other words, he must
come into the knowledge of his own intrinsic divinity.
Then only will the seeming cares and troubles
of every day appear as nothing. Nor will they -
. one iota of power to exert a baneful influence
on you or your surroundings.
Whatever your task, bumble or great; whatever
your trouble, fail not to bring joy to the surface.
Then will the sadness and the shadows vanish, and
you will have gained a foundation in the NOW
which will mad you well along the road to success.
Joy in work mak work aaaue. A thought
wavo of MooM to You with tht r
Just as sure as there are forces, hidden and un-
forseen, which promote our growth, so, too, there are
forces which will retard.
In your inner consciousness stand on guard. A
sentinel am I. The "I" is your better self. Your-
self, which can create of you a being harmonious,
whole, happy and healthful.
In all your undertakings be fearless. This to
you whose undertakings are only for good and the
betterment of the world.
Your worth, your representation, my reader, is
but the fullness of the thoughts, messages and the
aspirations you give out to others. Your influence.
In the fullness of 1906, just begun, there are as
many grand opportunities for SUCCESS as ever
there were since the day of creation.
Work hard and save money is the mainspring of
success; but don't stint yourself of anything really
needed. Every man should through all his business
career constantly keep in mind the parable of the
faithful servant in the nineteenth chapter of St.
Luke and the reward given to him: "Because thou
hast been faithful in a very little, have thou author-
ity over ten cites." How many men pay any heed
to thi-?-Rum Sage
IN THE SUN'S CHIIARIOT
Intimate Talks Between Pablisher and Reader
Again do we claim the attention of our readers in something new.
This time it is of financial interest and to the good of all the friends and
admirers of THE SUN.
We have repeatedly emphasized that we desired to make THE SUN a great
State paper. Then, too, we want it to be the people's paper. To reach all the
people, we find we must put our product on the market at a price which shall be
reachable by the people.
Therefore we have decided to CUT IN HALF the annual subscription rate
of Two Dollars and deliver THE SUN to you for ONE IX)LLAR PER YEAR.
Think of it! A magazine in your own home every week of the year for one
dollar. Fifty-two copies of the Florida journal of comment and cartoon sent
right to your door for less than two cents a copy.
Did you ever hear of a more liberal proposition?
Well, hardly. We know that we have thousands of friends, and that we
can well stand this helpful influence, and so we welcome dreadtly the thousands
of new friends, who will be numbered as such at an early date, for WELL DO WE
KNOW that our liberal offer will gain for us an increased mailing list of sub-
Not only will the standard set by THE SUN be maintained, but in every
way will each edition be improved and made highly attractive to our many sub-
REMEMBER, OUR TWO CONTESTS ARE STILL ON, and that ONLY A
FEW DAYS REMAIN if you want to enter upon the same.
We refer to the PRIZE STORY CONTEST and the ORIGINAL POEM CON-
One week from to-day, at the noon hour, all literary contributions for this
contest must be at THE SUN office.
Even within this limited time many of our talented readers can yet write
a good story or originate a poem of excellence.
Have YOU, reader, sent in a contribution yet?
If not, then let us ask if you realize that you have every chance, even yet,
to win? Take up your pen or pencil and let us have your contribution, and who
knows but what the result will be a literary gem worthy of the I rst p e.
We have many poems and stories already on hand for our committee to read
and decide upon the best. Yet we can stand more, and will expect them to come
in between now and next Saturday.
We want stories written by Floridians to print in this paper, which is read
We want good stories. We will not print the other kind. The best is good
enough for Florida people.
In order to get the good stories we are willing to pay for them, so, we make
AN OFFER TO FLORIDA WRITERS.
We will pay $20 for the best story, with scene laid in Florida, sent us by
January 10, 1900. The story must be written by a resident of Florida, and must
not be less than 2,000 words nor more than 3,000. We reserve the right to print
all the stories submitted that do not win the prize at regular rate of $2 per
thousand words, paid on publication.
We will select three competent judges to read the stories and award the prize.
Mail copy to THE SUN, Prize Story Contest, Jacksonville, Fla.
POEMS WORTH READING.
We are quite sure that Florida holds within its borders many ewrsons, male
and fenmle, who have the souls of poets and lack but the opportunity to ignitVe
poetical fires within their breasts.
We would like to have these fires illumine the pages of THE SUN, and in
order that this much-desired illumination ma~y begin we offer a t
PRIZE OF $10.00 IN GOLD
for the best original poem sent us by January 10, 1000. r
We will pay for all poems we print at our regular space rates, and will print
the prize winner in the issue next following the day of award.
None but residents of Florida are eligible to enter this contest,
January 10, at 12 noon, these two contests will positively close. TIIHERE
WILL BE NO MORE EXTENSIONS.
On the day of closing the manuscripts submitted will b sent to the commit-
tee of award for decision. This committee will be composed of the following
gentemen, who have kindly consented to act: Rev. T. II. Blenus, Rev. J. B. Ley,
Rev. J. Lawton Moon.
Each manuscript will be numbered and the same number will be placed on
a strip of paper containing the name of the author. The name slips will be kept
in THE SUN office, so that the committee will not know the name of the author
of any story or poem submitted.
The award will be made by number and name of the prize winners will be
announced in our issue of January 20, and checks for the prize money will be
mailed to the winners the same day.
Since the conclusion of the serial story, Monsieur Beaucaire, we have been
engaged in reading over several good stories submitted to us with permission to
publish in THE SUN.
Our selection will most probably be THE CZAR'S SPY, by Chevalier William
Le Queux, author of The Clowd Book, etc. It is the story of THE MYSTERY OFy
A SILENT LOVE, and is, without doubt, the best work of this famous writer
of adventure and romance.
Whether our next serial will be THE CZAR'S SPY or some other good story.
be on the lookout for the issue of January 10, for in it will conuueuce a movel of
excelleanm and unflagging interest. .
Some Thinks hy the Brethren
COTTON'S RISING PRICE.
The rising price of cotton and the
dogged determination of the Southern
farmers to hold their staple in order
to force better prices constitute a very
live theme at the present time. Henry
Irving Dodge, in a recent article, de-
claret that Europe will bear the bur-
den of the rising price and that there
"is little to cause us worry." Certainly
the South is not worrying. Continuing,
Mr. Dodge adds:
"It is said that the welfare of the
world lurks in the cotton seed. Truly
the iltency of this tiny thing is incal.
culable. For a long time the resource-
ful minds have devoted themselves to
multiplying its usefulness, with the re-
suit that to-day it enters Imeically into
an incredible number of our industries,
and through their ramifleations has be-
come a most active factor in our coinm-
meree. Not alone in a new way, but in
new fields, does this heaven-sent staple
bless mankind. The distinguished
Henry W. Grady said: 'I believe that
every missionary of the gospel, as he
penetrated the wild of Africa or the
islands of the sea, in an advance agent
for Southern cotton.' What a field, then,
did Mr. Grady's words unfold, since only
two-thirds of the human race have ever
seen cotton. Practically the whole civil-
ized world is looking to America for its
supply of the raw staple.
"Clearly, then, our planters hold the
key to the situation at present. Logl-
cally, higher prices will impel increas-
ing planting and erops. But cotton re-
quires the soil, climate and population
peculiar to our belt, and this has a phy-
sical limit. Unfortunately, when it
ceases to expand it cannot go skyward
like our New York eity property, there-
fore, prices must. Evidently the plan-
ter's worst days are behind him. lHe need
not think or talk any more nonsense
aliout burning his cotton or restrlcting
his plant. The momentum that demand
has recently obtained has obviated all
Thiss l a numost encouraging view, and
yet it is a perfectly logical one. As the
world grows the demand for cotton In-
creases. An new markets are opened
more cotton in required for the people
who patronize thane markets. Tie I.o-
mition of the Soumthern planter in a
strong one. lie is organized and lie is
determined. lie has the situation well
in hand. It only remains for him to
continue to control it through united
WHAT THE LAMAR-WILLIAMS EPI-
The Lamar-Williams episode in Colt-
gress contains a number of interesting
features, but the chief and most Impor-
tant one in the fact that It emphasize*
the one great difference which has con-
tinued to rend the Democracy for yearn--
the difference between a do-nothing con-
servatism and an active, do-something
Leader Williams was mad because his
party colleagues would not permit him
to kill all effort at reform in railroad
legislation andl because some of them,
notably Representatives lAmar and
Shackleford, dared brave his petty tem-
per: lie took advantage of his position
an minority leader to chastise them after
the manner of his kind.
In this little episode, RepresentaUtive
Flamar has demonstrated that he stands
for something in Congress and that he ,
Is not afraid to let "leader" Williams
and the rent of the country know it.
Mr. Lamar stands for a radical do-
something Democraey. John Sharp
Williams stands for the same kind of
Democracy that dominated the St. Louis
convention, and that got the worst drub-
hing in its history in the campaign of
For the present the minority leader
no doubt has the advantage over any
Democratic Congressman who does not
lbend to his will, but the advantage i only
temporary. The D)emoratic party has
had its fill of the Parker-Belmont brand
of Democracy, and when that is relegated
to the rear, as it will be, "Leader" Will.
lamsn will have to take his place with the
ret of tbe dla~iezd td .ktme umie
whose "leadership" the party has now
Ibeome the weakest in its history.-Pen-
WORK FOR GOOD ROADS.
All exclaim with one accord for good
roads, and let's have them regardless of
cost, for we can't have a better adver,
tlsement for our county. A county in
this day and time without good roads
in considered a back issue, and will have
to go way back and sit down. We are
in the lead in other lines, and we don't
propoxe to take a back seat Ior any
county. We have made a good start,
and if we have to break a trace we pro.
pose to have hard roads. We are in
favor of ostracizing any citizen from so.
eiety who oppomwe good roads, and if pos-
sible dimfranehise him, and if nothing
else will do, exile him on one of the ex-
treme southern islands of Florida. We
are marching forward with a united
stride to obtain the reward of success,
and no oshtacle, no matter how great,
will thwart our forward march. Unity
of purlMw in even greater than a multi.
tude of indimcrimitnate propositions.-
llHOW QUEER FOLKS AlRE.
Yellow fever kills a few hundred peo-
ple and we stand appalled. (Consulmp-
tion murders thousands dailly, year in
and year out, before our very eyes, and
we take it an a matter of course. Yel.
low fever requires all the skill and the
resourtee of the State and national
quarantine department to prevent, guard
against and cure, whilst llonsuliption
goes stalking spectre-like, along, the
poor ufflerer hacking and spitting on
our streets and pavements, on the floor
of our churches, concert halls, stores
and it may be dwellings, sleeps, suffers
and dies in beds that are used for other
ewrons, vacates houses that others soon
inhabit; and yet not a single precaution,
private or public, in ever taken. Why?
These matters may lbe painful to
speak of, but in the interest and for the
safety of the publile, is it not aoon time
for public sentiment to demand at the
hands of our health authorities that
4om01e move for relief be had ?-Orlando
BLACK MAN MADE WHITE.
Most (f us laugh heartily at the din-
closures of a fraudulent use of the
United States malls, in which James A.
lherlithy of Chillicothe, Ohio, was found
guilty of using the mails to advertise
the sale of a preparation to make ne.
groes white. "Junt like a negro to be
fooled in such a fashion," we say. Well,
how many white folks? The negro only
wanted his skin made white, but the
white man buys all kinds of stuff to
renew lif heart, put a new liver into
him, strengthen his brain, put new life
into his blood, and do many other re-
markable feats. In this, as in other
things, the negro only apes the white
An editor who will sell his editorial
opinion is a dangerous individual In a
community. He is far worse than the
man who will sell his vote, and should
not be allowed to go unlabeled. A comi-
mon liar is a gentleman compared with
We know for a fact that Governor
Broward has good reason to believe that
some of those editors who fought him so
energetically in the lat campaign were
paid to do so, but whether he has sum-
cient evidence to prove these things or
not we are not advised, and if lie has
not, he certainly should have held his
peace until such time as he was sure of
T'ie editor of the Courier was one of
those who supported Mr. Broward in his
race for Governor, and we did it with-
out compensation or hope of future re-
ward. We have never gotten anything
or asked for anything at the hands of
the Governor, and conm.iuently know
that he ouild have had no reference to
us, but as he seemed to speak with au-
thority there might be some who would
think that he thus spoke because of a
knowlege born of pe-onal experimen.-
Plat ty Courier.
January 6, 1906
January 6, 1906
ESSAY YS IN COMMON TIME
By T. Wime Rocklhm
Tobacco is a weed invented by the Indians and pronounced by pessimists to
be a curse. It is a mild sort of curse, however, something like "confound it."
Tobacco gives people heart disease and a great deal of pleasure. Some people
smoke four or Ave times a day and live happily ever afterward; others try to
emulate a volcano and get a cough.
Pessimists spend many hours a day calculating how much a man could save
if he stopped smoking. If they would spend 15 cents for a good cigar the world
would look brighter. Pessimists are out of place in this country, anyhow; they
should move to Russia. In Russia a good all-round pessimist could get a job
for life-and perhaps longer.
There are two kinds of tobacco-good and bad. The distinction generally
depends upon the smoker's state of mind.
Some ladies object to smoke, and you have to go out on the front porch to
absorb nicotine. This is just a pose. Tobacco has a delicious odor, hasn't it?
There is as much a question of appropriateness in the use of the weed as
there is in wearing clothes. During the day you smoke cigars. After the play
cigarettes harmonize with a bird and a bottle. Later, when you put on slippers
and sit before the fire and think, you want a pipe. A pipe causes more dreams
than all the rarebits that ever cavorted over the Welsh frontier; but the brand is
The average person starts smoking at some time after his third birthday.
Unlike most other habits, it requires an effort to learn to smoke. The candidate
for future pleasure usually begins on a cigar. This is a mistake, as almost
everyone knows. The way to begin is to get a nice new pipe, a sack of tobacco,
several matches, and a good comfortable position near an open window on the
first floor-for air. You will need air. The next step is to fill your pipe, the
next to light it, and the next, out in the yard.
Don't get discouraged if everything doesn't go along smoothly at first; perse-
vere, and in time you will be able to blow rings. Speaking of blowing rings
reminds me of an incident that happened several years ago. We were crossing
the Atlantic. A storm came up. The ship sprang a leak. We were sinking.
There were not life preservers enough to go around. The decks were awash and
the cries of the life-preserveless children mingled with the groans of the life-
preserveless women. Suddenly a man appeared on the deck with a box of cigars.
He began blowing rings. As fast as he blew them the women and children put
them around their waists, and were thus able to keep afloat until a ship passed
by and took up a collection of floating humanity. When we landed in New York
we presented the man with a medal. He afterward died.
Tobacco, however, is a very serious question-to those who don't smoke.
Some persons make much money writing about the evil; enough to buy good
The worst thing in connection with tobacco is the increase in safety pipes.
Inventors seem to take great delight in working out complicated arrangements
for holding tobacco. Every man gets one or two on Christmas. All such arrange-
ments were built with the idea that a pipe does not need cleaning. Now, a pipe,
far more than an insurance company, needs constant renovation; and there is no
possible way to clean a self-cleaning pipe.
Avoid cigars that explode. It is not always easy to tell a loaded cigar when
you first light it; but get a few and practice diligently, and you will be able, in
time, to diagnose the case as soon as you hear the report.
You can't smoke cigarettes in Indiana. But that's all right. In a place
where people are so depraved as to legislate against our little tubes of joy, the
only proper thing to smoke is opium.
The President of the United States started a big thing going in this city
To be sure he was not in Jacksonville on a second visit, but in these days of
telepathy, wireless and of electric phenomena, it is only necessary to press a
button some hundreds or thousands of miles away, and you've "done done it."
All of which is what President Roosevelt did in Washington the other night, and
as he did there was cheering and applause within the mammoth exposition build-
ing which the Manufacturers' Pure Food and Industrial Exposition has erected
in this city.
At almost the same instant that President Roosevelt pressed the button
myriads of electric lamps burst into full radiance, and the brightness of the
illumination was only rivaled by the glow, brightness and enthusiasm of the
many women and men who were present.
Governor Broward, attended by his staff in full military uniform, was pres-
ent. The Gubernatorial party, attended by the members of the exposition recep-
tion committee, left the Windsor Hotel promptly at 7:30 o'clock, proceeding
directly to the exposition building, which is located at Duval, Laura, Church and
Manager Louis W. Buckley had everything in splendid shape for the open-
ing, and every one of the vast throng present was more than delighted with the
ensemble. In fact, expression of praise and satisfaction were profuse. The
entire plan-and arrangement is as attractive as it is practical and complete.
The exposition, which will be treated in detail in the next issue of THE SUN,
is instructive and entertaining, and the visitor will have to make a half-dozen
trips or more during the two weeks the exposition will be open, to get the full
benefit of the splendid exhibits, displays and attractions.
The program of the opening, as announced, was:
Address of Welcome, Mayor George M. Nolan.
Addresses of Welcome, principal officers of exposition.
Response and address on Florida and Florida Resources, Governor N. B.
Following this address and such other informal speeches as were made, the
Empire Women's Orchestra of Boston rendered the following program:
Opening march, dedicated to Governor Broward.
Overture, Poet and Peasant (Suppe).
Waltses, Love's Devotion (Jolmson).
Selection, Isle of Spice (Pecker).
Solo for cornet, Pensez a Moi (Millars), Miss Nellie May Hoone.
How'd You Like to Spoon with Me? (from The Earl and the Girl).
Selection, Bohemian Oirl (Balfe).
Solo for contralto, Star of My Life (Corliss), Miss Bertha Burdick.
A rprensd'. Monli i'it (Moret).
March, Piplh,1I. t (S Sns0.1.
The reception given (Goveiirr Napoleon II. Broward wan distinctive and
elaborate and remains a memory of cearm, the lady patronesses having been
y rspomble forth suoess and brilliancy of the occasion.
AN EXTRAORDINARY STORY.
Details of the extraordinary means
employed to print 50,000 copies of the
Organ of the Council of Workmen, were
furnished by Mr. Suworin of St. Peters-
burg, proprietor of the conservative
daily Nowoje Wremja.
"At 6 p. m.," said the editor, "only
three members of the technical staff and
the business manager were in the office,
seeing that there was no hope of issuing
the paper on account of the strike. A
number of young men came to the jani-
tor's lodge and demanded to see the man-
ager. They were conducted to his pri-
vate office. "Send the janitor away and
forbid him to make an outcry if he
values his life," commanded the visitor,
"likewise order the men in the press
room to abstain from interfering or lis-
tening." Seeing that resistance would
be useless, the manager did as he was
bidden, and asked what the men were
".'We are going to print the seventh
number of the Call to Revolution on your
fine presses and beautiful white paper,'
said the stranger, in a matter of fact
"The manager asked permission to
consult me by phone. 'If you say a sin-
gle word in any language whatever that
is liable to balk our scheme, you are a
dead man,' warned the spokesman.
"The business manager pleaded that
BEditor Holstein be consulted. The lat-
ter was in his room across the street,
and was summoned by telephone, while
)a revolver was pointed at the business
manager's head. Holstein found the
street darkened, all gas and electric
lamps having been extinguished. In
front of the press room stood eighty or
more men. This he reported to the busi-
ness manager, at the same time declar-
ing that he would not give permission
to use his property for revolutionary
purposes. Holstein was inclined to show
fight, but six revolvers leveled at him
proved the futility of resistance. After
the keys had been delivered to the in-
truders the electric lights flared up all
over the building, and nearly a hundred
men entered, who took possession of the
linotypes, the stereotyping room, the
itock room, press room and the rest.
Soon they were working hand over fist,
but in a most orderly manner, 'like sol-
diers,' said Holstein afterward. By 12
o'clock the printing began, and early in
the morning a large number of delivery
wagons appeared to take away the 50,000
copies struck off.
"The police heard of the outrage some
4ix hours after the revolutionists had
driven away, as the building, telephone
and telegraph apparatus had been
watched by armed men all the time."
COUNT TRIES BRIBERY.
Count Raggio, one of the richest in-
dustrial barons of Italy, friend of the
King and the royal ministers, and chief
purveyor of railway necessities, has been
caught at the game of trying to defeat
public ownership by bribery. He not
only paid a number of newspapers to
agitate against the idea, but hired offi-
cials of the existing state railways to
neglect their duty and engage in various
other manipulations to bring the service
into disrepute. The officials were bribed
to accumulate freight cars in out of the
way places, to derail trains, squander
the coal and neglect the rolling stock to
a disgraceful degree. Several of the
bribed men confessed, and unless he
spends a lot more money to bribe the
judges, the noble count may go to jail.
He repeatedly had the honor of enter-
taining the King and Queen in his pal-
aces. His annual income from the state
SERUM NOT A MODERN INVENTION
Doyen, Koch and the rest of serum
inventors are rather chagrined to learn
that they were not the first in the field,
an old Indian snake charmer, who died
the other day, cured with serum long
before any of the gentlemen named were
thought of. Having located a poisonous
snake, the charmer attracted it by his
sing-song and immediately took its head
in his mouth, while he wound the body
round his neck and arm. After a few
minutes the snake was tame; even the
most ferocious of its kind couldn't resist
the treatment. If he was bitten, it made
not the least different to him, for he
had in his body an antidote that repelled
any additional poison. The man also
cured snake bites when called in time.
In such cases he enlarged the wound,
sucked it dry and then made a wound in
his own wrist. The bleeding wrist he
pressed against the other wound and
held it there until a certain quantity of
his blood had mixed with that of the
bitten person. These cures never failed.
POPE INSISTS UPON COLLECTING
FROM NOBLE PRINCES TO SUC-
COR THE POOR.
The Princes of Borghese, Ludovici,
Piombino, Massimo and others have
been informed by the papal minister of
state that unless they pay back, with
legal interest, the sums they borrowed
from Popes Pio Nono and Leo XIII., he
will immediately sue them.
This is the third and final notice
served upon the noble gentlemen, who
for many years depleted the papal treas-
ury on various pretexts without intend-
ing to pay back.
"The Holy Father has vowed to de-
vote the amount of loans, made at vari-
ous times by his predecessors, to charity.
His poor need the money, and it must be
forthcoming, without further evasion or
delay," wrote Cardinal Merri del Val.
The Pope in the role of prosecutor in
in Italian court of law would be a de-
eided novelty, but Pius is not afraid of
innovations. He will make a test case,
it is said, of a noble Marquis who per-
4uaded Pope Leo to loan him 125,000
francs on a note which he persistently
refused to pay, though well able to do so.
The Pope has no doubt that he will be
sble to collect from the Marquis, and if
this does not frighten the rest of the
Ilue-blooded blacklegs, they will be pro-
ieeded against in short order.
"I gave a million to my good sons and
daughters of Calabria," said the Pope
recently. "I ought to have given them
ten millions, and if the Roman aristo-
"racy paid what they owe me I could do
BEARD BRAIDED TO KEEP FROM
TRAILING ON GROUND.
Louis Coulon of Paris, a foundry
man ,was in danger of being discharged
on account of the enormous length of his
'ward, which he refuses to cut. The
heard touched the ground and interfered
with the workers. As the man is 79
years old, his employers offered to pen-
sion him, but Louis said he had sworn
to work until his eightieth birthday, and
refused to be laid off. Finally a little
girl proposed a compromise. "Why don't
vou braid your beard, grandpa?" she
asked. When the beard was braided it
reached only to Louis' knees. "Still too
long." said the boss. Then Louis rolled
up his hirsute appendages and placed
them under his blouse. Everything is
lovely now in the foundry.
Long beards are hereditary in the
Coulon family. When Louis' father lay
in the coffin his body was covered to
the toes with white beard, and two of
Louis' uncles indulge in similar luxuries.
The hotel business is one of the most
lucrative in Europe, which may explain
why so many American millionaires are
eager to turn "mine host." The Hotel
Ritz. in this city, pays 8 1-2 per cent,
besides accumulating a big reserve fund.
The Carlton, in London, pays 10 per
cent and its reserve fund is growing very
large. It is hoped that the new Hotel
Ritz in London will be opened in the
course of the winter.
FROM PARIS TO ALGIERS IN 37
After the first of the year the trip to
Algiers from Paris will require no more
than 37 hours, namely. Paris to Mar-
seilles 11 hours, transfer to the steamer
I hour, sea voyage 25 hours.
BRAZIL HAS NOT DEPOSITED
The Official Gazette warns the Kaiser's
subjects "not to count on the ten-million-
dollar prize Broail promised for a cure
of tuberculosis and cancer," pointing out
that there was talk in Rio of appropri.
eating suoh a sum-but only talk.
January 6, 1906
Jac ksonville Duilding Trades
ky J. C. Cotton
Editor of The Sun:
Having read your journal for seven
weeks, and, much to my gratification,
see that your columns are open to all
worthy causes and that you play no
favorites, I ask that you give space to
the following, which 1 believe to be of
especial interest at this time to a large
number of your readers:
Very few peopk outside of the mem-
bers of organized labor understand what
the Building Trades Alliance of this city
actually. is, so ait few words of explana-
tion will not be amiss. It is an organ-
ization composed of delegates from each
traddes union in .Jacksonville engaged in
building or constructing, in other words,
a general head through which the inter-
ests of all loil unions are protected,
living up to the maximl, the rights of
one is the concern of I, therefore when
a building trade is militated against the
whole number takes up the fight.
The Building Trades are to-day in a
most flourishing condition, working in
complete harmony, and everything points
to ita continuance of proi-lsJrity, which is
altogether at variance with the belief of
some, that the unions had "lost out" in
their controversy with the Builders' Ex-
change, and those same I ople to-day
are realizing their mistake.
When the miisunderstanding arose,
some members of the unions listened to
the sweet song of the bosses and con-
tinued to work on the "open shop" basis.
but later discovered that the promises of
good pay, long life and continued happi-
ness was as an empty dream, anti to-day
are exerting every influence to regain
their membership in local unions.
But the most potent factor in winning
the lock-out for the unions is the fact
that a large number of property-owners
who had buildings constructed by con-
tractors who work on the "open shop"
plan, are thoroughly dissatisfied, and
have refused to let any more contracts
on that basis, contending (and rightly)
that it requires good men to do good
work, and that they could only be found
in the ranks of organized labor.
To-day at least 70 per cent of the
building going on in this city is being
done by members of the Building Trades,
and if this statement is doubted in the
least, one has only to make a trip over
the city, question the men seen working,
and it will be fully verified.
Contractors are coming into the fleld
every day who are thoroughly qualified
and responsible, and they are getting the
cream of the work. A large number of
these contractors formerly were foremen
or superintendents for members of the
Exchange before the misunderstanding
arose by the members of the Exchange
demanding the "open shop." These self-
same contractors are in business to stay,
and if they made a success for their em-
ployers they certainly can make a suc-
cess for themselves.
There is to-day no further contention
that the "open shop" will be established
in Jacksonville, therefore argument along
that line is wholly unnecessary.
There is also no further contention
but that the unions are a necessity, for
every man with an ounce of gray matter
inside his cranium has long since de-
cided in their favor; therefore no argu-
ment is necessary.
Unions do not deny any class of busi-
ness men the right to organize (but
some business men do not grant the
same right to their workmen), but they
do claim that when any set of men or-
ganize (as the Builders' Exchange has
done) for the purpose of destroying
unions, can never be successful; but an
association organized for the purpose of
working in harmony with each other and
in harmony with union labor, and who
do not attempt to gull the public, would
be more than a success and a credit to
tractors preferential prices on goods as
compared with prices named to others."
Now, I ask, is this treating the general
public right? Is it just for men doing
Business in this city who are depending
on the public for their support, to say
that they will sell cheaper to members
of their association? In other words, it
is an attempt to force the public to give
aill work to a favored few.
I fully believe that if the business men
of this city would take the trouble to in-
vesctigate the workings of the Builders'
Exchange they in future would give their
work to such contractors who employ
only union mlen.
WHVIIAT AN EDI'l)R WRITES IN 111s
Iouhefort will Ix able to celebrate his
lift ith anniversary as anl editor and
writer if hlie lives a few months longer.
As to their amount of work lie has done
in that half-century, hlie said recently:
"I'or the last fifty years I have writ-
tn at least one editorial daily, each at
ia.,t 150 lines long. If [ had been paid
.y%, the line, I would have received a
Penny for 54,000 lines per annum, or
ih fifty years for 2,700.000 lines, equal
to t(,n times as many words.
"Put in book form, that amount of
nmtter would fill 300 volumes of the
kin' that sell in France for 3 francs 50.
"The average length of my daily
it articles was between twenty-seven and
twenty-eight inches. Hence if the art-
iles I wrote were pasted together they
would measure more than 50,000 feet.
"The 2,700,000 lines I wrote measured
each three inches in length. Pieced to-
gether that would mean 115 miles of
printed manuscript. You will admit
trier are few authors who did as well."
As to quantity, Roohefort is un-
doubtedly right. Of modern writers
Dumas' father alone equaled his activity
with the pen, being credited with about
N00 volumes. When Rochefort began his
career, all Europe and America listened
to the witty detribes of La Lanterne,
which contributed largely to the down-
fall of the third Napoleon. But old age
has not made Rehefort wittier or more
respected. He has but few admirers
now, and his paper has just changed
from a morning sheet to an evening edi-
tion, doubtless for very good reasons.
fIUSBAND OF FORMER MISS MAR-
ION PHELPS ON BISMARCK AND
Baron Rottenburg, the husband of the
former Miss Marion Phelps of New Jer-
sey, daughter of the late W. W. Phelps,
tells the following good story on Bis-
marck and Schurs:
"Bismarck had instructed me to send
in a red map whenever a visitor re-
mained too long in his cabinet. The red
map is used for letters and documents,
demanding immediate attention. If the
red ma wouldn't work, I was to send
i word that an imperial adjutant gen-
eral had arrived to see the Prince on
the Kaiser's business.
"Once Carl eSchurz of New York came
to see his Grace. The American re-
tained thirty minutes; he stayed forty-
lve minutes. The Prince, thought,
will be furious, and dispatched the red
map in accordance with instructions.
",After a few minutes the messenger
returned. 'No use,' he said, 'even an
imperial adjutant general couldn't sep-
arate them. They are head over heels
in reminiscences, and the Prince told me
ti bring in a couple of bottles of Moselle
and plenty of cigars."
RUSSIAN CRUISER OREL A FINE
ADDITION TO THE JAPANESE
As the present Builders' Exchange is The Iwani arrived at Tokio, as fine
now conducted it is not a benefit to its a battleship as one wants to se. The
members or any other class of citimns, Russians called her Orel, and the Japs
as can easily be understood by reading captured her in the battle of May 28.
its constitution and examining its meth- At that time the Russian new pers
ods of transacting business. Rule 2 of told hair-raising stories of the suffering
its constitution and by-laws reads: of the crew; 157 wounded men were asd
"Local building material dealers and to have been thrown into the sea, and
local representatives of foreign manufac- all the officers were declared dead. As
turers who are members of this associ- a matter of fact, the Orel's losses were
nation shall give contractors and sub-con. 116 dead and 18 wounded, not a largp per.
centage when it is considered that the
crow of the battleship numbered 780.
The Russians furthermore asserted
that the ship surrendered only after all
its guns had been placed hours de combat.
As a matter of fact, the Japs found very
little to repair. All integral parts of
the ship were intact, the armor belt
showed not a single hole, and only two
of the many uns were dismounted. It
coat the Mikado less than $10,000 to re.-
pair the ship and make it an ornament
of his navy.
A BANK ROBBER'S AND HIS MIS-
In Paris, the thirty-seven giant trunks
containing the wardrobe of the captured
bank thief Galley and his mistress, Mile.
Merelli, have at last arrived from South
America, and their contents wore di.s-
played before the grand jury. Among
other things, fifty complete suits and
forty-five extra fancy vests were found.
The enormous stock of linen was nm-
broidered with an earl's coronet, and
(alley nearly had a fit when he saw that
some of the finery had been crushed in
the packing. A hig square box, weigh-
ing nearly a ton, contained inademol-
melle's forty evening dresses and twenty-
eight hats. There was perfumed soap
enough to wash half of Paris, and a sil-
ver box contained a dozen golden eye-
glasses. One trunk was entirely filhld
with gloves, another with patent leather
boots, a third with yellow hoots and
shoes. (alley swore at the South Amer-
leans, who had robbed hint of at least
4,000 francs' worth of handkerchiefs and
silk nightshirts. His mistressm com.
plained that the manuscript of the latest
romance had been stolen. Incidentally
she said she had no reason to be sorry,
as she was as innocent as a lamb.
AMUSEMENT AND INSTRUCTION
PLUCKING MADE DAILY
bsml.sg mi .eve ehibt
BUY FROM PRODUCERS AND SAVE
Florida Ostrich Fanm
TMI FIMIE MW
Founded on a Rock
that will hold it up as long as
honest values hold the public con-
fldence, is the
House of Cable
If offers to
the linet of
(Iis'rim i nati ng
thtis IN-st ill
PIANOS & ORGANS
ffil W Wm
VlUi ksWolleTIt Sl
The Cable Co.
YOU GAN'T DO
BETTER THAN TO SCLE.GT
PRESENT fROM OUR
Florda "East- os t-Hotel. Company
HOTEL PONCE DE LEON I HOTEL ROYAL POINCIANA
IA. Ampin Pr Imba hLb WsO
Opens Tuesday, January 9, 1106 Opens Thursdmlay, January II, 1006
Closes Maturday, April 7, I1)0 Closes Monday, April 2, 1001
HOTEL ALCAZAR HOTEL ROYAL PALM
StL Ampeis Mi
Now open Opens Monday, January 8, 1906
Closes Saturday, April 21, 1W06 Close Tuesday, April 3, 1000
HOTEL ORMOND HOTEL COLONIAL
"si wA -b...... u...L, U P. (IUibm i)
Opens Tuesday, January 9, 1)00 Opens Tuesday, January 9, 1006
Closesm Monday, April 9, 10I Closes Monday, April 2, 1006
HOTEL THE BREAKERS HOTEL THE CONTINENTAL
PMi Umi4V~4s AiuaIm
Now open Opens Thursday, March 15, 1906
Closes Saturday, April 7, 1906 Closes during Aungust
January 6, 1906
Dr F. Ef. Armstrong
Staff of Specialsts
Eye and Nervous Diseases
11 IAura St.
Neuroloty and Osteopathy
Believing that there l ood In all methods
of treating diseases, we have taken all that
has been proven by the different schools
of medicine and combined it under the
head ofneurology. The system embraces
all that is good in the old schools of media.
eine-esteopathy, chiropretls, hydropa-
thy, physical culture, dietetics and hy.
gene. We handle Ohronlc diseases, al.
though the arystem inJust as applicable to
acute as to chronic troubles. and we spe.
clalise on diseases of the eye, nervous sys.
ten, stomach and bowel troubles, consti.
nation, epilepsy, spinal troubles, piles,
prostatic and female diseases.
For Smart Style in
Clothing, Hato and
Furnishings, we'll put
you next. Sole Agents
for "EFF-EFF" and
Overcoats and Rain-
coats, Hawes and
Young's $3.00 Hato,
also ISteton and No-
Name Hats. Mail or-
dors solicited. Satis-
17-19 W. Day St.
The Citizens Bank
D. U. FLETCHER Preslcent
D. H. DOIG Vice Presi nt
0. H. MANN Vice Presiddnt
J. DENHAM BIRD Cashier
Ofibfe to depositors every facility con-
sistent with safe and conservative bank-
ing, insuring absolute security.
(Continued from Sixth Pae)
Is the summer heat the South's
enemy? So says a writer In the Times.
Union, who does not give his name or
domicile, so one does not know where
to place him. But, what would we do
without the summer heat? Is not this
reason the growing one? With the
sun and the rain the farmer is assured
of his crop.
It is probably true that, to a certain
extent the summer planting of trees is
not followed by uniform success. The
writer says truly, on this particular
point that trees and shrubs planted in
the fall run less risk than during the
hotter months preceding. Some per-
sonal experience in this line proves
this; a loes of about a thousand trees
set out in July of last year can be ac-
counted for no other way.
Citrus growers are not unanimous on
this point; many still favoring summer
plant ng of the orange and pomelo. But
they are in the minority. The transfer
from nursery to grove in many cases
Includes two or three days' transporta-
tion and the roots do not always arrive
in a moist condition. The planting, un-
less carefully done, roots kept in water
until in the ground, more or less ex-
poses the fine fibrous roots to the air.
November to March would seem to be
the better time. Even October is bet-
ter adapted, as to favorable conditions,
than the late spring month mentioned.
The ground is full of moisture resulting
from the copious rainfall of the season.
The cooler weather has set in and the
soil in excellent condition thereby.
There is ample time for the roots to be-
come established for new growth while
the stem remains in a dormant condi-
tion, ready for the sap to rise early in
the year with a long period "of growth
The summer or late spring dryness is
more the South's enemy than the sum-
mer heat. And most of our nursery-
men recognize this and favor fall and
winter-if such a season can be said to
exist in Florida-planting. 0. W. Con-
ner, in his 1906 catalogue emphasizes
this forcibly, and his remarks are well
worth quoting in this connection. He
"A great many people think that a
citrus tree can be transplanted from the
nurseries at one time as well as another.
but in our experience we have found
it to be different. In the spring season,
in Florida, we usually have a drouth,
extending over a period of two to four
months, and we certainly do not want
to plant a tree of any kind at such a
time as this; in fact, it is best to get
our trees in and well established in the
early fall or in the summer months. If
we plant in the summer we have to han-
dle a tree at a time that it can be dam-
aged most by transportation, heat and
sunshine, and also have to plant it in
soil that is too heated by tropical sun
to encourage the healing over process
by the roots, before new root develop-
ment can take place. The trees at this
time are full of sap which becomes stag-
nant, and oftener than otherwise, the
trees will die back to the stem before
making any growth, and it usually re-
quires a year for that tree to get es-
tablished in its new position.
"On the other hand, trees set out in
the fall, when the earth is moist and
cool, will immediately, under the favor-
able conditions, begin healing over all
root ends, and in three weeks will have
started new roots out. They continue
this development until spring, and at
the time other trees start to grow they
put forth their growth as if never dis-
turbed, and when the dry season strikes
them, with proper cultivation, they will
go through it without watering or other
unusual attention. It is for this rea-
son that we recommend planting in the
tall and winter."
THE "CONSIGNMENT" PROBLEM.
The Orlando Reporter, discussing the
market methods of fruit growers, de-
elaros against the old method of selling
by consignment to commission mer-
cants, for the reason that there are
too many who are not to be trusted.
The fact that this is so universal leads
one to feel that honesty in commission
business circles is as rare as it is in other
lines, such as insurance, stock, etc.
When one's shipments bring him back
but little over the cost of the boxes--as
is often the case-it implies a very poor
market or a very dishonest commission
In the ease of the orange grower, the
remedy is in his own hands. Let him
sell at such seasons as best suit his
needs. There will always be a demand
for his particular kind of produce, and,
unlike some fruits and vegetables, the
orange can hang on the tree for months
and be just as good, perhaps better, than
when earlier picked. And, when the
man up North or the man out West
and even the Jacksonville man, has an
imperative demand for oranges from re-
tailers, he will buy and pay cash on or
before delivery when he finds the grower
can be no longer honey-fuggled into ship-
ping to him on consignment.
The "buyer on the trees" is the domi-
nant factor in many respects, and con-
signments to commission houses should
become a custom no longer.. Very at-
tractive circulars, such as are sent out,
often delude; rosy-colored in the morn-
ing of their issue, they become ashen
gray when the returns come back by
The Reporter concludes its common-
sense view of the situation in this wise:
"There are plenty of buyers now com-
ing to the orange producing section
hosee business it is to pay a price for
the fruit which includes insurance on
risks. We are now nearing the first of
Nov-ember. We may reasonably expect
cold weather within two months. The
question the buyer, who is sitting around
kicking his heels against the store boxes,
should consider is, does the market want
Florida oranges badly enough to pay a
fair price. Yes, certainly. Every indi-
c:tion gives assent to this. The ques-
tion the grqwer should settle is, do I
want to dispose of my crop at a reason-
able figure, get it off the trees early
enough to escape a possible freeze and in
order to let the trees get in condition
for a good crop next year. These are
vital questions, and in order to accom-
plish good results all around, the grower
and buyer ought to get their heads to
pretty near the "butting in" point. In
order to do this it would seem there
shotild be some giving and taking."
THE OREGON LAND FRAUDS.
The startling developments resulting
from investigations regarding land
frauds in Oregon may well cause honest
people to seriously consider whether
such dishonest measures are the result
of lax laws, loose methods in official cir-
cles or downright dishonesty on the part
of those empowered by the Government
to conduct the business of the various
land offices through which such immense
areas of land could be filched from the
public and fall into the hands of spec-
ulators. When half a million acres of
school land, nearly all that Oregon
owned, could be transferred by menni of
"dummy entries" and "forged certificates
no well executed that it is difficult to
distinguish them from the originals"
are duplicated over and over again and
disposed of to Eastern bankers, there
must have been collusion between those
who issued and those who received them.
In this case the fact that the public
schools have been robbed and therefore
the children of the republic wronged nnd
injured, makes it a fraud of the great-
est magnitude. It would seem that not
alone in Oregon facts are coming to light
to prove that the public lands have for
years been rich pasture ground for cattle
corporations and land syndicates to
grase in. It is late in the day to begin
investigations that may expose existing
evils but may not be able to prevent the
evil-doer or restore confidence in the
methods of the United States Land De-
partment. Here and there, no doubt,
some scapegoat will be sent by the
courts into the wilderness of disrepute;
some of these of high station in official
life. But for one such an hundred will
go free. "The pity of it, lago, the pity
The farming toy of Geo. W. Vander-
bilt has been found an expensive one,
and there are to be important changes
has been the rich man's hobby, but it
in its management. For ten years it
has never paid expenses. How could it
be expected with superintendents sal-
aried at from $5,000 to $25,000 per an-
num? Many years ago Horace Greeley
tried high farming; so did Henry Ward
Beecher; each was out of his element.
So with Vanderbilt. The dairy, the
piggery, the hennery, the truck garden,
the potato patch-all, all showed a de-
ficit at the end of each fiscal year which
the admission fee from visitors failed
to make good. So the big Biltmore
farm of 250,000 acres is to be sublet to
practical farmers, And perhaps some
profit will result from the change in
Flour and sugar are about the only
staples that have not risen in price
lately, but who knows how long such
a state of things will continue? With
the great wheat crops of the Northwest
and the greater beet sugar crop of Ger-
many--quoted there a short time ago
at $2.12 for 112 pounds-seeking here
a market in competition with the cane
sugar of the South and Cuba and the
beet sugar of the North and West, there
should be a lowering of prices, and so
justify the optimistic chief of the
United States Agricultural Department
as to lower prices for everything.
The strawberry fields in the vicinity
of Lawtey are looking fine, and the acre
age is much larger than any previous
275 Million Feet of Yellow Pine Round
Timber, from 12 to 36 inches diameter;
80 Million Feet of Cypress Round Tim-
ber, from 12 to 60 inches diameter, with
all smaller timber not in estimate. Con-
servative estimate on this tract, and
available to transportation.
For full particulars, apply to
JOHN H. YELVINGTON, NOCATI FLA.
0 f f
and Florida's Largest
and Best Year-Round
DODGE & GULLENS
Owners and ManaAers
Your Christmas Cheer
can be secured from
J. J. WILLIAMS
tl W. say ft
LIUM A FEK PK OrW
Whiskies, Wines and Beer
M korMn tWppft y
$IND FOR N"UM UsT,
Jo J. WILLIAMS
inw.-yt ~ th day~k~~ni
January 6, 1906
Robt. W. Simms
SINo FOI UNGRAL PC101 UST
for Real Estate
Rents and Loans
22 1-2 IHogan St
Florida Electric Co.
Electric Apparatus I Supplies
Headquarters for everything electri-
cal. Complete telephone exchanges
and private lines. Isolated electric
lighting and power plants.
22, 24, 26, 28 W. Forsyth St.
Consolidated Fruit Co.
FRUIT AND VEGETABLES
Car Lots and Lees than Car Lots.
228 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
Pocket, Table and
Florida Hardw'e Co.
1905 Crop Beans
Refugees .......................$.t 4 25
Extra Early Refugee.......... 4 25
Earliest Valentine ............ 4 25
Stringless Green Pod......... 6 00
Davis Kidney Wax ........... 5 00
Black Wax ..................... 7 00
Wardwell's Kidney Wax... 6 00
BURTON L MAIS I SONS
Jack v Milk, f.
(Continued from Sixth lbage)
In the shops here Pre to be meen a
new lot of attractions:
In the leather department at a Bay
Street store are some calendars of- the
perpetual variety, which have been
marked down to $1. They are mounted
in standards and make ornamental as
well as useful adjuncts to one's desk.
Also a letter rack of solid brags, three
octagonal pieces wrought in a beautiful
design, forming two compartments,
which is $3.
Another letter tack, this time of
nickel plate, sets on a broad base and
has four compartments. The design of
each partition shows a large fleur-de-lis
in a network of filagree. It is $2.78.
The shaded brocades are among the
newest and prettiest of dress goods.
Some of the new stocks show a line of
gold about the top instead of the ruch-
Linen book covers are very charm-
ingly decorated to suit various kinds of
Woolen yak laces in white or black or
dyed colors are to he had, and are used
to trim cloth street gowns.
Evening slippers of tinted or white
satin are each adorned with a large
white or pink rose of silk with a jeweled
A tucked chiffon with small rose
sprays scattered over it is among the
rettiest of the evening materials. It is
*7.50 a yard and exquisite either for
whole gowns, waists or merely for yokes
Women who entertain have on hand
a beautiful collection of decorative can-
dles and shades, suitable, in its variety
and size, for all forms of entertainment.
'T'heme candles, candlesticks and shades
are moNt highly decorative, and even
the simplest kinds, used by a woman of
artistic temperament, can be so placed
and arranged as to gain a wonderfully
decorative effect. To the woman of mod.
rate means these needful accessories
may seem to be denied, but her Lady-
ship can overcome this by the display
of a bit of patience, if she will make a
start with just a few of the moderate-
priced combinations so temptingly dis-
played at the shops. With just a few
fine candlesticks and a set of shades-
either of crepe paper, silk or silver
filagree-she will have made the start.
Then it comes easy to add another set or
two of shades. Later on she can add
to her stock of candlesticks and follow
this again with the purchase of addi-
tional shades. By this means she will
soon have an attractive and select col-
lection. If she is careful in her selec-
tion and more enthusiastic as to quality
than to quantity, she will be the proud
possessor of a decorative household u-
cefsory that will always give her joy
and delight. She will, too, be careful
not to tie these pretty ornaments too
often nor at every occasion.
Dr. Luther Halsey Gulick, director of
physical training in the New York pub-
le schools, emphasized a similar line
"There in now sweeping over the
country a wave of athleticism, epeeial-
ly of athletics for women, and it carries
with it a good deal that is undesirable.
Basketball teams of girls play In public
to the cheers and criticisms of mixed
crowds, with unfortunate results to the
character of the players. It is not
enough to say women should not com-
pete in public-more and more, women
is coming into the public view-but, un-
der what conditions shall she do it?
This is the only organisation that can
undertake to define them."
In opening the meeting, General
George W. Wingate, president of the
public schools athletic league, predic-
ted suces to the movement for organ-
ized athletics for girls, if influential
women would take hold of it. "If the
women," he said, "had not taken the
interest they did in his election, Mr.
Jerome would never have rolled up the
majority he did."
FRENCH BOXING VS. JIU JITSU.
In Paris, the contest between Du-
bois, champion boxer (Preach style) and
the French-British Jiu Jitsu artist Re
Rie, continue amid great enthusiasm.
The rules are: "Everything sla per-
mitted save biting and gouging out of
eyes." The ring is thiry-seven square
feet in circumference. Hobnailed boots
are tabood, because French boxing in-
eludes boxing with the feet as well as
hands. Re Ria learned Jiu Jltau from
a Jap in London, and since his return
took a course in boxing with the cele-
Dubois Is a professional slugger, ad-
dicted to all the tricks and foul. of the
Apaches, namely ramming with his head,
tripping with the knee, punching above
and below the belt-"as you please."
OF ITALY IS
Baron Relmondo Franohetti, the
Rockefeller of Italy, died at the age of
76. The family made its enormous for-
tune in the postofce business, of which
it had the monopoly for centuries. The
Baron was married to a Rothschild, and
the theater was his only passion. Fre-
q'iently he secured the lease of some big
theater in provincial towns and treated
the people to Carumo and Calves, charg-
ing only 20 cent. for the best seat.
Strong and enduring
OLD HICKORY and
WHITE HICKORY WAGONS
h- eas Uag r imi rng
Ane seM In
If It s Oliver' s
When price, had thus been reduced the
peoplee demanded to hear the opera for
nothing, and once or twice the towns of
Mantua, Reggio and Bologna "went on
strike" hIcause the Baron refused to
admit everylMly to his theater free.
However, when his company had played
before empty benches for a week or so,
tha Baron usually gave in and distrib-
uted dead-head ticket by the thousands
to get full houses.
Building Material .m
Foundation to Finish
Our PMeS are Right
OIw We a RIMo
We'l Treat Yeu Rightl
Tmrer to y Iflmht
Buy fltMt frim
H. H. RICHARDSON & CO.
If It's Drugs
Better Has It
The i MISt
Full Un Tdet Artlles
Agnt for Hyleros Candy
Bettes Drug Store
Cor. lay and Laura, Jmksomv, FTa.
JUST WRITK A LUITTEI
You'll Want Moze
Sent by Mail w L. C ,Oliver i florida
PARTIAL PRICE LIST OF
Wines, Whiskies, Beer and Malt
M tIt ml um 4 o *sof 1t 5
HuntIng Club Rye ............. 263 84 00 67 00
Nelsonounitr Rye ............ 2 0 4 7 50
Monom. Rre.................. 8 0 4 rO 00
Hann'I "44"'Rye................. 75 600 9AO
soeal Drop.................. 4.5. 65 0 12 00
Malt Wh ...................... 5 8 5 00 9
PI h rmndy ..................... 8 5 5 00 9 o
r m r ..................... 8 75 5 o0 9
mdO ....................... I 7 o
MioMv Gin..................... 8 75 0 9 50
North Orolin orn........... 6 00 700
Noont O8"....,......P 76 6o00 950
iJualm BWM...................... $ 0 3 7 Z
.i od Iat=..................... 76 00o 9 50
orso rndy.................. 76 00 9
KinoKentiackyd Bourbon S76 600 950
NULK O-JUN H-NW PPAl
Ryo. (n. Corn, ood ra .............................. r
RKyon,.(1n Cornm lmn quality................. 2
Ry, n (iln, orn ltmiin, l. t for tim Ionr...... 2 to
"44 Rye. h hs aid Apiple Ilmndy,. mellow.
Slby a .................................. ................ N
Victoria Ry., olihl l)rops Ry, mnetteinal
quality .................................................... 4 0
LIMP ST. LM -i= Pwrn
ralitaff IH er ..................................................I1
X extra lale ........................................... ....... I 10
U standard ............................................... ......... I (
Malt N xtact. dark ....................................1.. I
(oburer, mnportml................................... 2 N
lulnnsOstoutplVitA ..... ... ............. 2 *2>
Mmn Ifftb"asiu t
Pries^ Aor a brai^ m-^^a-^
12"465 HANNE BROS.
II III I n15
HrmDCFa FfInD C711 F Brel on famious st'k farti kof
i SULO IF OfR S E Miwouri and Kentucky.
Our guarantee means your money lmack if you don't like your trale.
S MELSON & SONS
Cohr Forsyth and Cedar St.. Jacksonville, Fla
TI's Ice Cream Parlor andConfectionery i'sfe and Reurant
.CaIs serving a fine table d'hote
dinner from 12 to 2.30 p. m.,
including Sunday, 35e. Or-
ders a la carte served at all
',-,. .. ,. '".
hours up to 12 p. m. at pop-
ular prices. Till's Orchestra
.4 in attendance.
f f ff. f
Interior vle*,of die firmt floor of.TiIl's nagniflc*ent leeCi.reziiiiParlo1r a-id ('"fec~imioery.
Till's Delicious Chocolates
Bon Bons and Fruits are put
up in standard packages from
half pound to ten pounds.
Fancy Baskets in lovely de-
signs, direct from Paris, ele-
gantly packed and tied with
satin ribcon, sent by mail or
express from 10 cents to $10.
See Till for your catering. If
he cani serve the President's
banquet he. can serve you sat-
THE SOUTHERN FRUIT CO. WOLSE
Fruit, Produce, Grain and Provisions, Commilsion Merchants. Send us your orders
and ship Oranges, Pineapples and Vegetables.
*rle of The un ha lmeen' re-
duced to $1 per year. This is
done to enable The Sun to shine
in every home in Florida.
THE CHRISTIE-GROOVER DRUG CO.,
STATE AGENTS FOR J. HUNGERFORD SMITH CO'S HOT SODA WATER SUPPLIES
ORDER EARLY FOR THE HOLIDAY TRADE
TOWERS' HARDWARE CO. TEFUNES
DOORS, BLINDS, PAINT, Oi i
We have an interesting Price List on Sash, Doors and Blinds. Write for it and it will be yours by mail.
Send also for our specially attractive Price List on Stoves.