Group Title: sun.
Title: The sun
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 Material Information
Title: The sun
Uniform Title: sun
Sun (Jacksonville, Fla.)
Physical Description: 2 v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Sun Co.
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Publication Date: November 25, 1905
Frequency: weekly
Subject: Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Tallahassee (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Leon County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Leon -- Tallahassee
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.451667 x -84.268533 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Nov. 18, 1905)-v. 3, no. 47 (Sept. 12, 1908).
Numbering Peculiarities: Published at Tallahassee, Fla., June 23-Sept. 12, 1908.
General Note: Claude L'Engle, editor.
General Note: "If it's right, we are for it."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075914
Volume ID: VID00003
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 33400104
lccn - sn 95047216
 Related Items
Other version: Morning sun (Tallahassee, Fla.)
Succeeded by: Dixie (Jacksonville, Fla.)

Full Text

Volume 1-No. 2 JAGKSONVILL,. FLORIDA, NOVEMBER 25.1905 SIngle Gopy S Gents
II-S IS S S -- -^ I^S 5 5 S35 !S Si A-i ~^ l*** ****|****l *l|^ *^








Sm i aa1 i ns owN, uiIon mr Tm n or mw nA, BY 0m SUN COMPANY, AT JHKSW ,
Vy --C JAMKSONVILLE FLORIDA, NOVEMBER 25, 1905 5 Cents per Copy, $ per Year
,"'" i A -inmade-tth*Po Otffoe in Jacksonville, Fla., for admiuion to the mails as second-da. matter

o ............... ...... A.or Femininity and Home Circle ......Helen Harcourt. Preservation of the Forests........... L. J. Brush.
LiJ AI .v ,e Been Smoking ..............The Corkonian Thanksgiving Reverie ............W. E. Pabor
I .r...... ..E...r. Us. Editorials ..................... Claude L'Engle. Professional Mayors ................Oscar Edgar.
AEU 'l I plo. ...............W' Pabor What Florida Offers to Settlers... .J. H. Stephens.


Is the amount we will invest in our 1905-1906 Catalogue, describing every
class of Furniture. If you are interested in finding out how to get cut prices
on this class of goods, send for a Catalogue to

John A. Cunningham, Jacksonville, Fla.
I i

If you must buy

Why not save money?

IrS.g mi *yevaylun g 9" itoa MuMes"
MDo't put It ol, WRITE TODAY, TmereOw my a we l

For Highly Profitable RewI r
us* Florida ,F Fertilizers

The Bond & Bours Co.
10 West Bay St., Jaoksonville, Fla.
Desires to announce to the trade through-
out the State that they have a well-assorted
stock of

on hand and are now prepared to make
prompt and low prices in

Mi oerd s solloed from


vmo mm w we~A Sen m.... slb i m a wanE

Wines, Whiskies, Beer and Malt

RM s M lm 4e o* te I
Hunt/ng ubye.........8...... ~6 400 I
NeonountRye............ 90 4 2
Monosmp Ryee........... 9 20 4 60
Hanme' 44" Rye............... 75 5 00
aeol Oro1 .......................* (0 660 1
.Whi7ey0.................. 7 5 O0
i hBrUdy..................... 875 5 00
AVNi Bn..................... 8 75 5 0
H nd n ..................... ... 2 s 4 25
Geners Gin ........................ 75 5 00
Nor th arona om...........26.... 4 00
Mountain m ................ 8 7 5 00
Jmcam Rum..................... 2 0 4 25
Me-dtoe Rum..................... 875 500
em Brand..................... 8 75 5 oo00
K IKOituky Bourbon 8 7 5 00
Gi~ omm aI w6 ,Pf

12 I0
7 2
9 to

Rye Qin. =:oajod We& ...................... 15
Rye: Gin. O Uw~ty" .. 200
6. hndm j 3w.00

........................41 00
Jalsiaft................a.. .... i200
.....ale.. .. .. ...........22

We AdainSK. UflLELBItO'


Doors, Sash, Blinds, Glass
Masury's Paints, Fairbanks' Suoals, Stoves, Tinware and

The Bond Z Bours Co. "SACo

Want Big Crops?
Ideal Fertilizer
*FlsI Ve "-A eom nlete manual on Florida Crop.
Nn' ia k m"-A Aooko ial interet to 0 rorn we.
"F'be 6 Rf1-Booklet on "Soil, Varierti wer.
*IM p S"--l kleton Soi ', eten, Ouvation and Fertilisation."
UtMOijn D n eto ohpin il, Seed, Planting and Cultivation, Effect of Fer-
"of special interest to Pineapple Growers.
Showing all our de nds, Analysis, Prieew
Wilson 8 Toomer Fertilizer Company

- m

Our salemn will



, I i I II


' r' I

member 25, 1905









1 Since 1890, Live Oak has shown a growth in pop.
ation of nearly one thousand a year. This phenom.
nal increase as also the continued progress In busi.
ess developments and the establishment of new en-
rprises all point to a "GREATER" LIVE OAK.
"Way down upon the S'wannee river" will ever
ve in song and story. Some one has said that song
d sentiment are the highest wealth of any sec-
ion. Poetry and romance have woven some beautiful
nd half historic tales of this Suwannee river coun.
ry, yet such possessions, however, are not generally
united .when we sum up the more material wealth
of a progressive county and its live, up-to-date citi-
zenry, and tell the story of a city which is now mak-
ing great strides to wealth, fame and greatness.
Suwannee county, with a population of 20,000, con-
tains 440,000 acres. The greater part of the county is
,either under cultivation or rich in tracts of valuable.
timber land. The population of the country districts
is made up largely of a very thrifty class of farmers,
who raise cotton, corn, cane, potatoes, cattle and hogs.
Cotton is the money crop. Enough of the staples are
raised, however, to make the farmer independent.
lie is thus able to hold the cotton for the higher
market prices. The farming lands are fertile and
good harvests are reaped every season. Situated in
such a section, a city in its midst has a fortunate
Live Oak, the county seat of Suwannee county,
is an industrial city, its most distinguishing feature
being its manufacturing plants. The stranger within
her gates is greeted by the busy hum of machinery,
the never-ending buzz of saws and the heavy traffic
noticeable everywhere.
The county court house is the source of a very
pardonable pride to not only the people of Live
Oak, but the entire county. It is situated about the
center of the city. The large square on which it
stands contributes to its excellent t appearance. It is
built of gray pressed brick and finished on the out.
side with beautiful designs in stucco. The interior
has marble wainscoting and floors. The different
offices are well appointed and conveniently fur.
nished. The second story has a large and handsome
court room, the main auditorium and galleries hav-
ing a seating capacity of about six hundred. Complete
with the furnishings the building cost $42,500.
The county officials form a very able body of
men, and their hearty support of all measures for
the development of the county's resources reflect
the progressive spirit of the population at large.
The personnel is as follows: J.N. Conner, county
judge; W. W. Bryson, clerk of circuit court; J. H.
Rickerson, sheriff; A. D. Hemming, tax assessor; J.
N .Meeks, tax collector; Prof. J. E. Wood, superin-
tendent public instruction. Col. A. Lee Humphreys, a
prominent lawyer, is chairman of the Board of Com-
The question of hard roads has been taken up by
the Commissioners, and a road-building machine is
now at work on the hard road which is to connect
Live Oak and Suwannee Springs, a distance of seven
miles. As soon as this is completed roads in other
directions will be built until an entire system of hard
surface roads will cover the county.
Probably the greatest factor in the wonderful
progress pnd business activity of the city is its manu-
facturing industries, which have caused many to set-
tice here. The census of 1890 gave Live Oak a popu.
nation of only 1,600. The city now enthusiastically
claims six thousand; a growth of almost a thousand
a year.
Chief of these industries is the manufacture of
lumber. Two large sawmills, turning out rough lum-
ber, and two large planing mills daily send out hun-
dreds of thousands of feet of lumber to the Northern
markets. The largest of these mills is owned and op.
rated by the Dowling Lumber and Naval Stores
Company, a two-million-dollar stock company. The
stockholders are citizens of Live Oak and have
considerable interest in the growth of the city.
Thomas Dowling is the president of this corporation,
R. L. Dowling, vice-president, and 0. D. McFarland
secretary. R. W. Bennett is the head of the office
force of this extensive business.
S Another large plant, The Live Oak Manufactur-
S ing Company, with Col. Geo. E. Porter as president,
manufactures dressed lumber, operates the electric
light plant and ice manufacturing plant. This mill
S has a large capacity and is busy all the time. Elec-
trie power is used for all the machinery. The electric
light plant is equipped with machinery suited to the
present and future needs of Live Oak in this respect.
The city is well lighted, and a large portion of the
manufacturing plants use electric power altogether.
(lco. E. Porter, Jr., is secretary and treasurer of thia
company, and looks after the business of the plant.
while Edward Porter is thoroughly conversant with
S all the machinery and electrical appliances, and haa
this part of the plant under his supervision. The ie
S plant has recently been increased and now has a
capacity of twenty tons.
S While the manufacture of lumber is a large. f9tu

in the business of the city, there are other manufac-
turing plants of importance which promise to be
very successful enterprises. The Novelty Manufactur-
ing Company is one of these. All kinds of novelties
in wood are turned out at this factory. Messrs. Hum-
phreys are the proprietors. The very popular Automo-
bile roller swing is manufactured here.
The Florida Tile Works is another very busy
establishment. Although a new enterprise, it is taxed
to its utmost capacity to supply the demand. The
city will soon have all the sidewalks in the business
sections of this tiling. This business is very success-
fully managed by C. N. IHildreth.
The history of the manufacturing industries
would not be complete without mentioning the plant
now about completed which will extract spirits of
turpentine from wood. Stumps, sawdust, etc., can be
used in the process of distillation.
Mesprs. Robbins & McGehee have a large foundry
and machine shops running full blast. They make or
repair anything from a bolt to a locomotive engine.
Other manufacturing plants of importance are the
Live Oak Bash and Door Company, which is just
getting under way; The Florida Cooperage Company
and The Live Oak Cooperage Company. The first
named as incorporated for. $25,000 and a large and
important industry bids fair soon to be developed in
the manufacture of sash, doors and blinds.
New corporations are being formed all the time,
new lines of manufacturing being the object of the
majority of these, and there seems to be no limit to
the capacity of the city in this direction.
The location of Live Oak is one of great commer-
cial advantage. The Atlantic Coast Line and Seaboard
Air Line railways intersect here. The competition of
these two trunk lines for the large amount of ship-
ping to distant markets insures good service.
The Seaboard Air Line affords the city a direct
route to the east coast metropolis and also to the
Gulf ports. A goodly portion of the shipping to the
Northern markets is also done over this read.
The Atlantic Coast Line affords direct lines of
transportation to Tampa and south Florida points,
and much of the freight from the north flndiats way
over this line.
Two smaller roads, with their terminals here, are
of inestimable importance in the development of the
various natural resources of the surrounding
The Florida Railway connects Live Oak and
Mayo with Perry and intermediate points. Hon.
Frank Drew is the president of this road, and he
is ever on the alert for the business interests of all
the cities and towns along its line. Mr. Drew has
about completed plans for the extension of the road
to Fernandina, and expects to have trains running
between Live Oak and Fernandina within a year.
The section through which this road runs is rich in
agricultural productions and in the large belts of
pine timber. Sawmills are located all along the road,
and several cars of lumber are shipped every day
over the Florida Railway through Live Oak to the
big lumber markets.
The Live Oak, Perry & Gulf Railway extends from
this city to Perry, a small part of the track being not
yet laid. This road, which does quite an extensive
business, however, running four to eight trains daily,
is owned by a two-million-dollar stock company, at
the head of which are the proprietors of the Dowling
Lumber and Naval Stores Company. This railway is
chartered to be built to some outlet on the Gulf of
Mexico, and the point now in view is St. Marks. Live
Oak's future commercial importance is assured with
already four railways making it one of the most
accessible places in Florida.
Righ here might well he mentioned some of the
nearby resorts which are growing in importance and
even nowenjoy considerable tourist trade. Suwannmee
Springs, situated on the Suwannee river, is seven
miles distant. A company has been incorporated and
a charter granted for an electric railway to connect
Live Oak with this resort. The springs are near one
of the most picturesque bends of this famous river,
adding beauty to its long list of attractions. The
waters of these springs have valuable medicinal prop.
erties and the proprietors ship large quantities
throughout the South. A commodious hotel, built of
lime rock and brick, crowns the hill Just above the
spring. The glistening white of the rocks, contrasting
the red color of the brick, and quaintness of the
design of the hotel afford a very striking picture to
the traveler when he arrives. A number of cottages
are fitted up for light housekeeping, and when the
hotel is open the cottages are always occupied. Fish-
ing and hunting in abundance are offered, and many
sportsmen spend a delightful vacation at the springs.
Dowling Park is another resort on the Ruwannee.
This is on the Live Oak, Perry & Gulf Railway and
more essy of access to Live Oak. This property is
owned by the railroad company, which has speat
considerable funds in fitting it up in the most
attractive style and with every convenience the tour-
ist eosid desire. The company gives a double daily

passenger service between the park and Live Oak,
which enables many to spend a half holiday or go
for a day's outing to this very attractive spot on
the banks of the old Suwannee.
Both of these resorts are growing in popularity,
and there is no doubt but that in a few seasons that
the capacity of both hotels will have to be greatly
increased to accommodate the guests who will seek
these watering places for health or recreation.
That Live Oak will fully develop the onmmercial
resources of the surrounding country in clearly
shown by the number and character of its business
houses. There are no less than one hundred dillerent
stores of various kinds in the city.
Probably the leading mercantile estaiblishment of
tht city is the Worth Stephens Company, d ealher it
general merchandise and cotton and produce buyers.
This house carries an immense stock of goods cover-
ing almost every line of trade.
The Hinely Stephens Company is another large
firm dealing in livestock, buggies, carriaiges, t'. This
establishment covers nearly half a block and doi's a
large business, both wholesale andi retail.
The Florida Livestock and Vehicle Company is a
new firm, incorporated with a capital of $50t,0o,
which will deal In horses, mules, carriages and bug-
gies. Sid Conner is the popular manager of this
Next in size is the large furniture establishment
of J. B. Barton, who is one of the leading bi usintss
men of the city, being connected with several large
The Suwannee Drug Company, I)r. II. '. Airtli,
proprietor, does an extensive woholsal iind ritnil
drug business and also runs the Live Oak ('wo (Colut
bottling works, and are large distributors of this
well-known beverage.
The City Pharmacy, Live Oak Drug Company and
Barclay & Groover are large drug stores,, and are
well appointed establishmnnt4.
F. Rubenstein, H. .1. White, The Ladies' Fmll ,-
rium, Lewin's, HI. A. Blackburn and I-,win & I tl-
venston are large dry goods ilrnms all enjoying a
lucrative trade.
E. J. Blume & Co., The (Glolw Store, Wolfe's
and Burdick's are general mercantile hours,.
The ladies' millinery needs are well supplied by
The Band Box, Mrs. E. N. Lawyer, proprietor; Mrs.
M. V. Edwards and Mrs. C. W. Bache. Thesi kmip
well abreast of the newest fashions and keej on hlaind
a very attractive display of millinery at all swiaons.
The grocery stores are so numerous that to men-
tion them would be tedious. They are amply stlli-
clent to supply all the needs and lardors of even
the six thousand and more population.
Two banks with a combined capital of $125,00H)
take care of the financial part of the city's hunsinimes.
The First National Bank has Chas. II. Brown for its
president, and Des. E. Horn as cashi,,r. 'h Te Live
Oak Bank is under the management of 11. F. Jk-xter
as president and C. D. Blackwell ans ashier. Th'I
reports of these banks at various times Indicate the
great amount of business transacte'd in this busy
little city.
Other business firms which are important factors
in the city's business are the two conmmimion houses,
Live Oak Brokerage and Commission Compainy and
C. W. Rogers. Also the insurance business of it. WV.
Helvenston; Cahwell & Collins, undertaktrs and
Florida Book Supply Company are prominent firms.
Live Oak might well lay claim to the reputation of
being a news center, having five newspalern and wpri-
odicals published here. The publishing house of Sher-
wood & Pound is the home of the Suwannt Il Dnmo-
crat, the leading newspaper. This is one of the largest
and most influential weekly palern of the State.
Messrs. Sherwood & Pound are publishers and pro-
prietors. They also are publishers of The Florida
Christian Advocate, official organ of Florida Method-
ism. Rev. J. B. Ley, D. D., is editor of this maga-
sine. The Present Truth Messenger, Elder 0. T.
Mattox, editor, is the organ of the Advent Church,
and is published here by the publication noeity of
that church. The Florida Crescent has long held its
place in Florida journalism. It in also influential
in the local field. Jeff L. Davis in editor. All of
these are playing a large part in the stimunilus of
progress now so evident everywhere in the city and
county. The publishing and printing lihouw of Slher-
wood & Pound was one of the largest in the State
until last week, when it was destroyed by fire. It
was equipped with typeewtting machinery and all the
newest mechanical printing devils, and enjoyed a
well-earned reputation for turning out a very high
grade of work.
The professions supply quite an array of learned
men. Live Oak's bar has been the recipient of much
complimentary mention. Among these legal lights
are: Col. Jno. G. Reardon, Roberson & Small,
Humphreys & Harrell, Leslie & lamb, Rees & Rees,
(Continued:on, Twelfth Page)






November 25, 1905


Arrangements are being perfected to increase the
capacity of the Planters' Packing and Preserving
Company's plant at Delray from 33,000 cans a day to .
100,000 cans.
Hastings is at present one of the busiest places
in Florida. According to some of the largest planters,
not less than 3,000 acres will be devoted to potatoes
at the coming planting, which is 300 acres in excess
of last year's planting.
Gainesville has a high-class weekly-The Eleva-
tor. In wishing success to our contemporary we
will add may its trend always be upward and may
there never be a break down to its machinery.
At Rollins College the work in the art depart-
ment is in charge of Miss Grace Louis Lainhart of
the Art Student's League of New York. Miss Lain-

same. Messrs. Munroe and Chambliss,
successful and oldest bankers of Ocala,
to use their influence in pushing Ocala
The entire clerical force of the bank
changed, and George H. Ford continues
9 *

who are the
will continue
to the front.
remains un-
as cashier.

Physicians and scientists have planned a conven-
tion to show the treatment of tuberculosis at the
American Tuberculosis Exhibition which opens next
week in New York City..

William Allan of New York City, who for many
years has been a prominent orange grower in Florida
and at present owns two fine groves in Volusia
County, has been paying the State a sit after a
trip to Porto Rico, where he is extensively inter-
ested in orange growing. He says that the pineapple
and orange growers have every reason to feel encour-
aged over the outlook, as compared with Cuban prod-

attitude. While Henry M. Whitney, Democratic can-
didate for Lieutenant-Governor of Massachusetts at
the last election, asks an interview, declaring the
Chief Executive has done him a great injustice, his
request is refused. The President's tart reply was no
doubt hot shot for Mr. Whitney. Among other things
the President states in his letter: "In the very letter
asking for an interview and denying that you ever
willfully misrepresented my previous remarks you
incorporate another deliberate misstatement. You
can hardly wonder that 1 decline to see you, nor
would there in any event be the slightest point in
such an interview. In your speeches you pretended
to quote from memory certain statements made in
the course of a long conversation occurring nearly a
year previous. You quoted portions of what I said-
even as to these portions your language was inaccu-
rate and all the context was suppressed. As a result
you as completely misrepresented me as in the sen-

SUWANNEE COUNTY HIGH SGHOOL--See Article "Live Oak Alive" on Page 3

hart has made a specialty of craftsmanship both at
home and abroad, having studied in such schools
as the Keswick Industrial School in England, the
Goldsmith's Polytechnic in London, and the Student's
Art League in New York. Rollins is to be congratu-
lated upon securing the services of Miss Lainhart,
who has her winter home at Palm Beach.

Editor Charles E. Emmerson of the Fort Pierce
News has provided his readers with an excellent
copy of the News, and not only this--he has issued
over one thousand extra copies to be disseminated.
These extras are by now in the hands of probable
visitors and investors in Florida real estate in Bre-
yard County, the list having been prepared with care
and foresight. The splendid edition, well and hand-
somely illustrated, can have but one effect, and that
will be for all who receive a copy to "fall in love"
with the Fort Pierce and St. Lucie section of the
Stat .
At San Jose, Cal., and at Omaha, Neb., students
have yielded to the agitation against football and as
a reult te gentle game has been eliminated by the
students of the San Jose High School and the stu-
dents of the Nebraska Central College.

T. T. Mamie& and Z. 0. Chambliss have purchased
the eintrollig stook of the Ontral National Bank
W o OM and have M aumed the management of the

ucts of a similar nature. He agrees with many of
the most successful growers, and thinks that the
freight tariff on pines has little to do with the
future of the industry, believing that ten to twenty
cents a crate will amount to little either way with
the larger growers, while the producer of four to
five hundred crates, who are termed as the smaller
producers, it amounts to practically nothing.
9 *
During the coming season Messrs. Lofton and
Einig of Miami will operate an automobile line be-
tween West Palm Bach and Miami. Six of the latest
style touring cars will be placed on the line, which
will afford a splendid service.

Over two hundred cotton growers of Suwannee
met last week at Live Oak and perfected the organi-
zation of a Cotton Growers' Association for the
county, with the object of mutual protection and
the advancement of their interests. C. H. Brinson is
president and A. W. Mizell is secretary.
President Roosevelt's ruling propensity to keep
in the public eye and prominently in the limelight
by doing things extraordinary-things that others
would not do-is again strongly in evidence. The
President haM snubbed Mr. Whitney twice in as many
days and aecues the Massachusetts man of addi-
tional "deliberate misstatnmnt" of Mr. Roosevelt's

tence of your present letter which I quote above. It
matters little whether this was due to a deliberate
purpose of deception or to a lack in both your com-
panions and yourself, of a nice sense of propriety
and of the power of exact thinking and of correct
apprehension and repetition of what was said. In
either event I feel that it would serve no useful pur-
pose again to see you or further to correspond with
you." And there you are!
9 *
The nineteenth annual meeting of the Florida
Educational Association will be held December 27 at
Miami. Indications already show that the attendance
will be larger than ever, as an unusual interest is
taken throughout the State in the December meet-

Calls have been made for $500,000,000 to help the
Jews of Russia and other sufferers during the recent
massacres. The money is pouring into headquarters.
Philadelphia is making a record and will probably
contribute as high as $100,000 to this fund.

King Alfonso of Spain has a mind of his own
when he refuses to listen to the pleadings of his
mother and ignores the pressure brought by the Vati-
can in regard to his determination to marry an
English Princess. The Kaiser also failed, recently, to
dissuade Alfonso from an English marriage.



Nevomber 25, 1905


At the meeting of the Board of County Commis-
sioners of Dade County, the following resolution
of thie Lake Worth drainage committee was adopted,
which means that an arrangement will be made
with the Lake Worth Dredging and Construction
Company to throw up the new county road proposed
to be built acres Clear Lakes to connect with the
old Government road.
f *
Green Cove Springs is taking on some city airs.
For two years or more there the city has had tele-
phone lines to all the turpentine stills and connec-
tions made with the hotels, stores, and railroad sta-
tion, also in some few private residences, but now
through the perseverance and untiring efforts of R.
W. Mattox together with many able assistants a
new line is being erected. The poles are set and thio
wire stretched on the main street, and with the
work progressing as rapidly as possible, soon almost
every house in town will be connected in this way.
Not only will this great achievement be a convenience
to the people of Green Cove Springs, but connection
will be made with all the nearby towns, and best
of all, with Jacksonville. The citizens are elated over
this new innovation, as also over the marked im-
provements made to the famous white sulphur
springs located in the heart of the city. The early
prospects of a large new modern hotel on the site of
the Clarendon Hotel is also giving Green Cove
Springites much joy and satisfaction.

The Big Fair at Tampa is the great success as
intended and planned by its enthusiasts and promo-
ters, and the attendance is all that was expected.
Jacksonville Day, this week, was one of the red letter
days, and there was a splendid representation of
Jacksonville people. The exhibits made by the coun-
ties represented are not only most excellent, but
elaborate and replete, while there are attractions too
numerous to mention. The enterprise of the citizens
of Tampa in presenting so complete a fair is not
only most commendable, but deserves the highest
praise and laudation, especially so as the event of
last year was a financial success-the first ever
recorded in the history of fairs held in Florida. That
this year's event will be another financial success
goes almost without saying, for the whole manage-
ment has been along sound and healthful lines of
economy with no suggestion of stint apparent any-
where. In fact, there is an air of wholesomeness and
completeness apparent everywhere. THE SUN wishes
Tampa a most prosperous and happy Fair season
this year, and not only a repetition of the same next
year, but even more glorious, brilliant and greater
financial success.

A list of the names of 112 persons who are
insured for $100,000 or more in the Equitable Life
Assurance Society, has been published, the list
being that of those men eligible as Equitable di-
rectors. Florida is only represented by one man, F.
C. Brent of Pensacola. The next annual election of
directors will be held December 0, at which time
there will be a vote for thirteen directors, seven of
whom will be from the policy-holders of the society.
While the theory of mutualization by electing thir-
teen directors each year, seven of whom are to repre-
sent policy-holders and six to be elected by the stock-
holders, would seem to be a fair way to bring about
the conditions for which the policy-holders have
striven, it is now evident that the end sought has
been defeated by the very method which has Iben
adopted to bring it about.

Prince Louis of Battenberg, the Sailor Prince,
who came, saw and conquered, has gone. When he
went New York showed what it could do in the
way of a noisy farewell, the formal farewell coming
from the Government by the big guns sounding out
salutes. He had no adjectives left to describe Ameri-
can hospitality and paid glowing tribute to Ameri-
can women. His "gambol" with the lambs at their
club rooms was one of his most enjoyable experiences.
The Prince also had another experience which proba-

bly appealed to him differently when he had five
sessions in all with a New York city dentist which
cost him $1,000. This royal bill, at the rate of $200
per visit, was paid without protest. The last heard
from Prince Louis was a wireless which said: "The
Rear Admiral commanding, captains, officers and
men of the British squadron, now regretfully on its





way to Europe, desire to express their most cordial
thanks to all those who by their warm welcome and
splendid hospitality have contributed toward making
the stay of the squadron in American waters truly
t *
In the canvass of votes IHearst's gains are but
slight. His net gain in the first eight Assembly dis-
tricts in which the comparisons of tally sheets with
returns have been completed, is less than 200 votes,
and these are Tammany districts, in which frauds in
counting were to be expected. His counsel feel the
only hope to demonstrate his election lies in an
application to open the ballot boxes for a recount.
It is possible that Mr. Heart's counsel will make
such an application to the courts this week.
Another American girl has become a Countess.
The fortunate girl, in the eyes of her friends, is
Counties Karl von Holstein, nee Miss Mildred Harri-
son, of Philadelphia. A highly pleasing feature is
that, after a honeymoon tour of the world, the
Count and Countess will reside in California. The
bridegroom 1londs to an old Bavarian Protestant
family, which dates back to 14H1. He is a tall, at-
tractive-looking man of blonde type and a good con-
versationalist. lie is engaged in the sugar refining
business in San Franci co, the same business in
which the IHarrisons made their fortune. He also has
estates in Bavaria and has traveled extensively over
the world.

Lord Curzon of Kedleston, late Viceroy of India,
contends that in sacrificing himself to certain prin-
ciples he had the great preponderance of Indian
opinion behind him. He resigned, he said, not on
personal grounds, but in defence of two great prin*
ciples-first, that there should be an indestructible
subordination of the military to the civil authority,'
and, second, the necessity of paying becoming regard
to the Indian authority in determining the needs of
India. LIrd (urvon, who gave his reasons for resig-
nation at a recent dinner given in his honor at Bom-
bay. made some frank avowals. The post of Viceroy
had been the dream of his childhood and the ambi-
tion of his manhood. He predicted that should the
day ever come when the Viceroy would be treated as
the mere puppt of the home government, the justi-
fication for thie post would cease to exist. He said
he did not believe that the administrative wisdom of
his countrymen would ever tolerate such a blunder.
Because the court declined to order her husband
to pay more than $5 a week for the support of the
mother and her six children, Mrs. William D. Lerch,
of Reading, Pa., abandoned her children in the court
room. She made the remark that there was a lot of
talk by the President and the press an to the bless-
ings of big families, but that in her case it had been
a curse. "Although it breaks my heart," said Mrs.
Lerch, "to part with my children, I'd rather their
father have them than that they should be worse
than half-fed and half-clothed on $5 a week."
JTowf Hoffman, the pianist and celebrated for
years as the boy virtuoso, was quietly married last
week. at Aix-les-Baines, the bride being Mrs. Marie
Eustis, a niece of the late Senator Euntis.

The Norwegian Parliament has, by vote, appro-
priated $200,000 annually for the new King's civil
0 *
With a dinner and musicale, given Friday of last
week by President and Mrs. Roosevelt, with the Rus-
sian Ambassador and IBaroness Rosen as the principal
guests, the Washington social season was formally

To-day is the date for the State entry into Chris-
tiania of the new King and Queen of Norway, Prince
and Princess Charles of Denmark. Great preparations
have tIw'en made for the event, and the welcome will
be most popular. The final result of the plebiscite
shows that 259,563 votes were east in favor of Prince
Charles and 690,204 against him.

What arms and diplomacy on the part of the
Canadian Government have failed to accomplish, the
drought and weather conditions prevailing in north-
ern Montana sucnceeded in complling Chief Little
Bear and his rebellious bunch of Crees to submit to
the will of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs at
Ottawa. The chief and his hand of less than 300
members are now on their return to their native
lands at Onion Lake, Canada.

New York women have organized to rescue child
wives in India, where girls are married at six years
of age. Branches of the Indo-American Woman's Res-
toration TLeague are being formed everywhere and
when sulfficiently organized the league will, assisted



with the favor of the British Government, form and .
present a hill which will raise the legal age of mar-
riage to sixteen yearN. Mrs. C. P. Wallace, of IMo
Angeles, founder of the league, says that it is IM-
marriage, and that while Africa is called the Dark
Continent, the darkness of Africa is an nothing to
that of India.
Miss Helen Gould, always interested in industrial
school work and practical, helpful charity, is spend-
ing money lavishly at the Home for the Friendless
At Lincoln, Nob., Judge Gilchrist decided thab
Lewin Gordon, a teacher, was legally right to confin-
cate and burn yellow novels when found in the desk
or on the person of a girl pupil. The court held the
novels were worthless and refused to give judgment
against the teacher.

State in

is reticent on the
France. The Holy
and waiting.

parting of Church and
See keeps on preaching

0 w

Atlanta, Ga., has been chosen as the Southern
headquarters of the National Child labor committee,
the new ofllce to be in charge of Dr. A. J. McKelway.
Child labor laws not only lack uniformity in the
different States, but nearly all are poorly enforced.
It is estimated that at least two million children
under sixteen years of age in the United States are
employed for wages, most of whom should be at

To try a new way to the North Pole will be made
June next in a dash for that coveted point of this
hemisphere. The promoter is a French scientist and
explorer, I). Ant ony Varicle. Experiments will be
made all winter for the dash in June, the plan being
to start at (Irantland overland by ice to the Pole,
continuing 000 miles to Fraz ,Iosef land, ships to be
used at each end and wireless communication main-
tained throughout the trip. Backed by wealthy men,
the trip will require 130 days.

Two interesting men who have recently attained
prominence are William H. Berry, who is expected
to lift the lid in Pennsylvania, and J. B. Moran, who
is expected to keep it down in Boston. State Treas-
urer lBerry, when asked what his policy would be,
declared: "I am going to lift the lid off the box and
see what's in it." Mr. Berry has an established repu-
tation for AIIBSOLTE HONESTY and a Ili-long#
freedom from bosses. John Brown Moran has the
sobriquet of "Boston's Jerome." As district attorney
he intends "to find out if Boston wants to punish

This week the third season of grand oper tinder
the management of Heinrich Conried, opened most
ausplilously. Berta "Morena, a new prima do(1n, will
appear as iBrunhilde. Mme. Morena is a dramatic
soprano who is to supply the place left vacant by
Mme. Ternina.

Mme. Sarah Bernhardt is in America on her fare-
well tour, her engagement opening in Chicago. Her
repertoire includes ten plays. Mme. Bernhardt is said
to be as angry as the Cubans over what she asarts
is a misquotation of a remark to a Southern inter-
viewer on her way back from that island some ses-
sons ago. She was said to have stated that the
Cubans were "only a lot of drensed-up niggers," and
when a Hlavana season was planned for her this win-
ter, ominous rumblings and threats of violence or
boycott were heard. So Cuba will never see Bern-
hardt more.
This week, or more specifically, Tuesday, Novem-
ber 21, Mrs. Ifetty Green, the wealthiest woman in
America, reached the age of seventy years. She is
still a very busy woman with directors' meetings,
business meetings and engaements to occupy nearly
every moment of her time. Mrs. Green has also
finished her, forty-first year in active business life,
during which time she has increased many fold the
large fortune left to her by her father.
0 0
An opposition party has formed in Russia, the
Zemstovists being by no means united as to their
attitude toward the new Government. Iir Odessa dis-
order is momentarily feared. The British consul has
demanded passports for the entire colony and other
foreigners who are prepared to flee. A delegation of
twenty-four prominent Poles is now in St. Peters-
burg to plead the cause of Poland. The delegation
which repudiates all idea of separation or revolt,
which means that Poland stands by Count Witte, is
representative of all parties, except the Socialistic, of
Poland, and includes members of the Evangelical,
Hebrew and Catholic Churches.


November 25, 1905


Agrfi ulur ---FPlorida 's
A{frii ulursi4e smruidi


Conducted by W. E. Pabor

Last winter, as the Northern seedsmeans ata-
'jNgues began to drift in, I noticed "a new household
fruit of great value"-a garden huckleberry. Now,
we have the wild berry in profusion throughout
Florida and, of course, a cultivated variety might
be an improvement; so I was interested; the more
so after reading the somewhat extravagant notice of
it in the catalogue, reading as it did, as follows:
"A new fruit from Washington State, and most
desirable introduction of late years; will out-yield
any other berry grown. Grows from seed and ripens
its crop same year. Berries jet black, four times
the slide of huckleberries; for pies or jams it is the
equal of any other fruit grown. Plant same as
tomato, in box or pan, and, when danger of frost is
over, set out 4x6 feet. When jet black, stew thirty
minutes; make very sweet. Better than wild huckle-
berries for pies, Jams, jellies, sauce and canning.
This new fruit is insect proof. A light frost Im-
proves the fruit. This fruit can be kept fresh for
winter use or market. For winter use pull up tvo
vines just before frost, or after the first frost, stack
aay where they will not freeze, and delicious fresh
fruit can be picked all winter, as they will not rot
and will keep fresh and nice for months."
So I sent for a 10-oent packet of seeds, and, about
the first of March, planted them in the beds pre-
pared for raising plants to be set out later in the
open ground. About 40 per cent of the seeds came
up in due time and throve well; one picking out was
given them, and, about the middle of May, at the
commencement of the rainy eason, I transplanted,
the same as one does with tomatoes, into the garden,
on the northern slope of ground, since, as they came
from the far North, it WAs deemed more preferable
climatic conditions prevailed. Set singly, about
three feet apart in the row, they took early root,
and, when I left for a six weeks' vacation in the
West, had fairly established themselves, having been
given a generous handful of commercial fertilizer
such as was used in the pinery shed, about each
When I returned in July the bushes were about
a foot high, fairly well balanced and full of fruit
as large as marbles or scupperuong grapes borne


Most cordial greeting and a hearty welcome to all
the new sisters and brothers of Our Home Cirele--
redivivus. Redivivus-for it is not to-day that it
is born. It "lived and moved, and had its being"
some years ago, and for seven years it went about
all over the Union seeking for the good that it might
find to do, and doing it as well as it knew how.
But there came a time when its vehicle got
upset, or the wheels came off-or something--and
Our home Circle retired into the shadows to sleep
awhile-not to die. It had faith in its ultimate
resurrection, and to-day that faith ii justified. Our
Home Circle was just biding its time and waiting
for the day when it should once more roll up its
sleeves and go to work for the greatest good of the
greatest number.
And the day has come. The SUN-shine has
reached it and waked it from its slumber, and now
it steps forth into the arena, wide-awake, and eager
to renew its friendship with the old-time siste and
brothers, and to shake hands with the new.
There are hundreds in Florida to-day who know
something of the work of Our Home Circle in the
auld lang syne, and what it did then it hopes to do
again. It purposes to take up its duties just where
it laid them down, and to enlarge their sphere.
And what was its work, do you askoou new sisters
and brothers of Our Home Circle? In truth, it
would be easier to tell what was not its work. But
its editor will try to answer the query.
It sought first and always to extend a helping
cheer and encourage the weary housekeeper and the
.perplexed new settler. It sought to bring together
In Our Cosy Corner the individual member of its
big family, for their mutual benefit. It found homes
'f or hoerless little ones, and at the same time filled
empty niehes in lonely hearts, and brought child-
.pqS,, into sad and silent houeholds. !t brought
*, together men and women who needed to flee from the
to 0ne South and pay their bord, and those -dy
her, who needed help In their households, yet wen

single and in clusters. I congratulated myself on
having something new, novel and of value; but, asking
the boys who had cared for the place during my ab-
sence, about them they said: "Nix goot; hard as
marbles, perfectly tasteless."
Then I teted them and found it true. I went
into the house, got out the gorgeously illustrated
catalogue that described the "new household fruit
of great value," and re-read the florid descriptive
text about it. Whatever the fruit was in the State
of Washington, in the State of Florida it was a
very different thing.
In my yearly journeyinga to the meetings of the
National Editorial Association during the last twenty
years I have met many editors from every State and
Territory of the Union; so I recalled one, the editor
of the Northwest Horticulturist, of Tacoma, Wash.,
and wrote him as to my experience with the won-
derful fruit that had ventured into the Southland
as a possible domicile for itself. Here is his reply:
"Tacoma, Wash., Aug. 15, 1905.-W. E. Pabor,
Avon Park, Fla.: Dear Sir-Replying to your favor
of some days ago, we have two huckleberries growing
wild here in Washington, the purple and the dark
blue or black. The latter only is used for culinary
purposes, and it is a delicious pie fruit. Under your
conditions it might do differently. Should you de-
sire to try, we may be able to procure some seed or
plants to ship you in the fall. Very truly,
"C. A. TONNxsow."
And it was the purple I had growing in my gar-
den. And the woman seed seller had sent out the
useless, instead of the useful, kind. Did she know
it? Had she grown and tested it in her fairy-like
surroundings at Floral Park? Will she tell us?
"Mary, Mary, quite contrary,"
How did your huckleberries grow?
Now, in a little magazine published in Pennsyl-
vania, I find, in the September issue an article on
this same fruit-the first I have seen in any of my
reading of fruit papers. Its editor, stating that a
discussion had arisen among those interested as to
whether it was a safe addition to our list of edible
fruits, and, as the botanist of the bureau of plant
industry at Washington had been quoted as authority
regarding the poisonous properties of the fruit, the



conducted by Helen Harcourt

not able to pay cash for it. In this line of Its work
Our Home Circle saved some valuable lives, and at
the same time placed help in homes that must other-
wise have done without it. It enabled its own fam-
ily to exchange commodities between themselves, and
its exchange column did a thriving business. And
that our new members may understand just how it
was conducted here is the notice that stood at its
head, and will be there again, just as soon as some
one steps into Our Home Circle with an initial
request for an exchange: "Our Family Exchange.
Open to all subscribers for purposes of exchange,
and for the sale of small home products, such as jel-
lies, embroideries, plants, seashells, bees, books, etc.
Advertisements, and their answers, to avoid delay,
must be addressed to the Editor Our Home Circle,
The Sun, Ieesburg, Fla. Each answer must be
accompanied by an unaddressed stamped envelope, in
which to forward it to the advertiser." The answer
forwarded to its destination, the responsibility of
our exchange column ceases. The initials of adver-
tisers will be given, also their county, so that those
who reply can judge of the expense to be met on
articles that must be exchanged by express or freight.
Our Home Circle was also instrumental in the
organization of many of the Village Improvement
Associations now scattered over this State. When
its work in this direction began there was but one
such association in Florida, tfe pioneer-Green
Cove Spring Village Improvement Association. The
enterprising band of women who composed the asso-
ciation had issued a little book containing their con-
stitution and by-laws, and through their courtesy
Our Home Circle was enabled to send copies of this
book to all who applied for it. The result was the
formation of numerous village improvement asso-
elations which designated Our Hope Circle as their
official organ. It received their reports of meetings
and entertainments, and kept them in touch, the
one with the other. This is one of the features it
purposes to take up again. Let the V. I. A.'s of
Florida take notice and send in their communications.
They will be welcome.
All of these things, and many more, did the old
Home Circle, and It never became weary of well-

editor wrote to the botanist, sending specimens, And
the answer--condensed-was as follows:
"The berries are one of the forms of the Halanum
ig-rum; Gray's Flora cites it as included among more
thn fifty species of widely diffused weedy plants,
with differences in the poisonous properties; some-
time callededible nightshade; grows wild in South
Dakota, where it is used for pies and preserves; also
in Arkansas and Missouri; have eaten a few with-
out any ill effects; the insipid flavor does not recom-
mend It to the normal taste; the plant doubtless
contains salanine, which poisonous properties is
also found in dangerous quantities in exposed pota-
toes on surface of ground during growth. The name
huckleberry, as applied to this plant, is exceedingly
unfortunate, since the plant is not at all related to
the huckleberry,' and its fruit does not give even
a suggestion of the agreeable flavor of the huckle-
berry or blueberry. Very truly yours,
"LYSTEN H. DzwzY, Botanist.
"Washington, D. C., July 27, 1905."
All of which goes to show that we of Florida had
better pin our faith to the native huckleberry of
our piney woods and keep the Solanum nigrum out
of our gardens.
When the new catalogues for the coming year
reach me I shall look to see if it is still exploited as
"a new and valuable fruit." Perhaps the seed is--
to the seller.
Consul General Skinner of Marceillo, France, re-
ports to the State Department that scarcely a week
goes by but inquiry is made regarding the new po-
tato being exploited in France. But L. C. Corbett,
horticulturist of the bureau of plant industry, does
not seem to have a very high opinion of it, as he
says in reply to an inquiry from the editor of the
Daily Consular Reports:
"Your very interesting communication in regard
to the so-called new species of potato, which we have
determined to be Rolanum commersoni, has been re-
ceived. This plant has been known to botanists for
many years, but, so far as I know, has only recently
been made the subject of investigation by experi-
menters. While this plant seems to possess many
valuable qualities, it is tropical by nature which, as
well as its weedy character when it escapes from cul-
(Continued on Fourteenth Page)


doing. It intends to do them all again, and also
many more besides as its work trends upward and
onward, and reaches out into the SUN-shine, all
over our beautiful State, and beyond.
But its editor wants the help and co-operation
of its members; wants them all to feel, both sisters
and brothers, that the "Cousin Helen" of to-day is
the same '"Cousin Helen" of the good old times, and
will welcome them into Our Cosy Corner just as in
the auld lang syne. She wants them to step in and
"say their say' about things as they see and know
them; to state their experiments and experiences in
the home for the benefit of others, and to contribute
of their stores of good things, and of all else that
may help a weary brother or sister.

The Chinese laundryman knows a little trick
worth trying. Instead of heating his iron just right
for use he heats it scorching hot; tien he plunges
it into cold water for an instant, which cools tne
surface sufficiently to allow him to make several
effective passes, the heat meantime gradually return-
ing to the surface. If necessary he repeats this two
or three times till the iron is of the right temper.
ature to ply its vocation uninterruptedly. This saves
the frequent changing of irons of the usual method.

You will find right here, but it's empty just now.
One don't expect letters before the first mail comes
in. But the lid is up.
Under this heading our readers will find items
of practical value to the whole household-how to
do things and how to make them. And our sisters
and brothers are, expected to prove themselves true
friends of the family, too, by telling us all about
(Continued on Fiftmnth Page)



November 25, 1905







Hits While Hitting the Pipe-Bay the Corconian

An enterprising newspaper has arranged an inter-
esting competition regarding the articles required for
a lady's trousseau. From it I gather that the Ameri-
can bride is compelled to spend at least two hundred
dollars on her trousseau, though some saving girls
manage on a little less.
However, this enterprising newspaper, not con-
tent with publishing lists which .make the blush of
modesty pass over every masculine face, has induced
foreign correspondents to describe the trousseau nece
essary for an Italian, French and a German maiden.
Well, one must be up-to-date in the newspaper
world, so below I give a detailed price-list of tho
articles required for the trousseau of a Fijian
maiden whose father has an annual income of 1,000
Articles, 1 sheet; price, 75 cents. Total 75 cents.

Perhaps you have noticed that the Births, Mar-
riages and Deaths columns of our newspapers are
daily becoming more interesting. The common-placo
matter-of-fact announcements are now quite out of
fashion. Here is a choice example from this week's
births: "To Captain and Mrs. Blank, God sent a
beautiful daughter."
I live in hopes that this artistic style may bo
introduced into the marriage announcement. Then we
may read:
Greenhorn-Dodge: On the 16th inst., through
the assistance of a bountiful Providence, Mr. Dodge
was enabled to get rid of a plain daughter."

Although a good deal of casual slaughtering is
going on in the Tsar's dominions, it is not well 'to
take too gloomy a view of the situation.
All lovers of Russia will console themselves with
the reflection that though the Cossacks may kill a
few citizens and citizens kimi a few Cossqcks, yet
the death rate is more likely to fall than rise, for all
the doctors of the empire are out on strike.

Our ladies' columns, faked or otherwise, are
always full of interest to me. I like to see what
problems are troubling our feminine rulers. Here is
a question which I culled from a ladies' column this
week: "Can any one tell me how to get dirt out of
hands without scrubbing them?"

Let me answer this fair correspondent in the style
characteristic of ladies' papers:
Your prejudice against washing is a little curi-
ous. In the beau monde washing will not make you
unpleasantly conspicuous. To my own personal knowl-
edge Lady 'Crumpett and the Countess Drumpunch
Walh every morning. Still tastes differ, and Mrs.
'Jack" Figgers is never seen even by her most inti-
mate friends unless she is wearing a neat pair of
skunk-skin gloves. I think if you immersed your
hands in vitriol for a couple of hours the skin would
lose that disagreeable black appearance; Let me
* know how this, answers.

A New York paper publishes a useful catechism
for the benefit of its youthful readers entitled "Are
you fit to be a father The young man is faced
with a score or so of questions which he must be
able to answer satisfactorily before he dare presume
to be a parent.
"Do you smoke? Do you chew? Do you drink cock-
tails?" I had hoped that the immaculateness of my
character as regards chewing would enable me to
pass with flying cokhrn till I came to this question,
"Do you always speak the truth?" The best answer I
could think of was "As far as in me lien," and I fear
that reply would floor me. Reluctantly I admit that
according to New York standards I am unfit to be
a father. I am even doubtful whether I am qualified
to take on myself the responsibility of wbing an






While many recognize that the preservation of the
pine forests is of most vital importance, yet, at the
same time it is a matter most neglected, and, not
only neglected, but cruelly ignored.
In the abandoned turpentine districts of the State
the forest is a graveyard of once majestic pine trees
due to over-boxing through greed for the immediate
The turpentine operator cared nothing for the
timber interest, possibly because he only had a
three-year lease from date of boxing, and cared only
to make all he could out of his opportunity.
These trees being over-boxed and unduly weakened
were easy prey to the winds and the fires, and are
either fallen to the ground or stand dead; ghost-
like witnesses to avariciousness.
The turpentine man murdered the mature tim-
bher, and now the cattleman is slaughtering the in-
Except on high ridges where black jack and scrub
oak replace the original growth, the pine is strug-
gling to recover itself, but owing to false ideas or
recklessness on the past of the cattleman in burn-
ing the woods, the young pines are, year after year,
doomed to be consumed by the flames.
Formerly the woods were burned only once a
year-in the spring-and the young trees had more
of a chance to withstand the effects of the fires as
the trees had from spring to spring, a whole year,
to harden their wood, but now the woods are also
being burned in the autumn to supply winter pas-


ture, and the "Slaughter of the Innocents" under
one year old is decidedly in vogue.
/A healthy public sentiment is needed to cure
these evils.
It is the duty of the press especially to hamneri
on this subject.
Sherman s march to the sea did not exceed in
devastation the turpentine man's march from North
Carolina into Florida, and the horror of seeing
whole stretches of vigorous growing young pines
swept away by forest fires is deplorable. ,
By the exercise of reasonable care the pine area
will renew itself.
The turpentine interest can be perpetuated, and
like will produce like. Long leaf pine will produce
long leaf pine. (Not old-field pine.)
Before the woods are burned again, take a trip
to Marietta or to Baldwin and see the growth on
either side of the railroad. It is vigorous, healthy
yellow pine.
The lumber interest can also be extended.
Twenty-five years ago Drew & Buckl cut clean a
territory south of their mills at Ellaville. Since then
E. E. West put rails on their old road bed and cut
timber equal to the original.
The East Coast Lumber Company of Watertown
own lands that were logged by Ambler & Tallaferro,
and, except for the tell-tale stumps, you ebuld not
know that it had ever been cut.
I write strongly on this subject because, being in
the woods a great deal, I see and feel the havoc
that Is being done.

It is doubtful if any law can reach the mat-
ter. Therefore the remedy is in a healthy public
' Antiment.
Self interest ought to actuate the owner of timber,
and the number of boxes allowed on leased land
should Ie restricted. In fact, no more boxes should
be cut. '
'lThel mount improved method of extracting the gum
should be adopted.
The best method now' practical is the cup sys-
tem,. where no holes sre cut in the tree to weaken
it to the winds anid to make furnaces for the fires.
Like all innovation, the "cup" is found objec-
tiohaible by many.
The severe cold day we had last winter broke a
great many of them. Why? Because they were left
hanging to the tree and were full of water, which
frose. After the last dipping put them bottom up at
the foot of the tree, and in the spring hang them
up a% high as possible to catch virgin gum.
It is said that the claim of virgin gum is fale
ibeause the chips and bark and straw fall in the
cup, which It more exposed than the box, and dis-
colors the gum, and it will n6t make water white or
window glass rosin. Let us grant it; yet, it makes a
finer grade of rosin than two and three-year boxes,
worth several dollars more per barrel. *
After weighing all the prps and cons, the cup
system come out ahead, but above all, the lumber
is 'saved, and 'the tree, in spite of the "chipping"-
having no holes cut into the pith-can continue to
grow. .


Assuming that we need and WANT immigration,
it is well to consider what we have to offer-what
inducements to sever present ties, forsake present
surroundings and migrate, it may be, hundreds or
thousands of miles and make a new home, form new
ties and practically begin life over.
We cannot expect sensible people-and we want
no other-to do this unless we can show them per-
manent advantages to result from the apparent sacri-
We can offer the best climate in the United
States. There is an impression that Florida is in-

tensely hot and disagreeable in summer. This Is not
true, however, as the nights are always delightfully
pleasant, and nowhere can one obtain more refresh-
ing sleep than here. From November 1st to April
30th, the climate is ideal, and it is during this term
that most of the active labor In accomplished-it in
in this period that the most profitable crops are
grown and harvested.
Florida is salubrious-our vital statistics com-
pare favorably with those of any part of the'Union,
and we have as many very old eitisns as may be
found elsewhere.

We have as fertile lands as may be found in any
part of the world with the distinct advantage of be-
ing able to grow three successive and paying crops
each season. Gardeners who have selected lands
which may be irrigated at will,-we sometimes have
short droughts as do all parts of the United States-
can and do produce crops which yield more than one
.. thousand dollars per acre, per annum, NET, and we
have thoumsnds of acres of such lands which
ehnI he purehan d for less than five dollars per

continuedd on Fourteenth hage)

Saturday, Npoember 25. 1905


Wanted-SeUlem Apfi glyub &a
The high tide in the lumber and naval stone lass in as in Florida has devel-
oped many new trades and professions among te as anos and the new comers.
ot the least important of wulch areas what are callebods ods riders." These men
ride on horsehtea through the -country looking for r. T*. They are necessarily
keen of eye so that nothing may escape them, and rty naty nature of their pro-
festion (large expenditures of money depending our repr reports) makes them
accurate in judgment. -
Overhearing the conversation of two of these not Inot long ago, we were
struck with tlw remark, let fall by one of them, thaw are are THOUSANDS OF
ACRES OF LAND in this State, as good land as tbwver liver shown on, without
a stump in it, READY FOR THE PLOW.
Riding acrossthecountry as these "woods r' do,' do, they come to the
remains o what the Cracker calls "animprow.mem
This generally takes the form of a tumble-dow hout house, a rough, dilapi-
dated out-housi and a caved-in well. Surrounding bpronUprove-ments a clear-
ing of greater or les extent and in these elearingsto be Wo be found some of the
largest and fnest fruit trees, mostly peah and that tha at are growing any-
t..hes clearing are the abandoned. bome of ers esn who prpered and
thrived In the days of slavery, but who got disgustmsse19m ssed and quit," before
they couid Imrn to run a pltation with freeI "n o do todo the farm work.
It is as fertile today as it was In the late slithen libft it made the planter
independent prOperous, and the envy of his les tote brte brother who dwelt in
the town to which the planter eme to turn his pe intend into ah.
The trouble lies in the inability of the formeers t*ers to adapt themselves
to changed conditions brought on by the war, whiehnaaymany instances, left the
land without male owners, and in others withoutWeanameans to hire labor to
work them.
'These men. were trained to farm on a large and miad could not make the
Ha In their habits necessary to intensified farmi pract practiced in France and

Then, again, there were not enough WHITE LEF LEFT to do the work
and the freshly freed negroes locked to the towi enjo: enjoy the blessings of
freedom, which, to their untutored minds, meant ess, mess, "soger close," and
plenty of chewing tobacco.
Long before the carpet bagger, and scalawagl beed been sent to greener
fields, and their dupes the freed negroes awakened then their dream of a life
without toll, turned to their former masters and fries friends for work; the
They could not wait for the labor to come to tThey They had to provide for
those dependent on them, and sought a means oilihoolihood In the towns in
other pursuits. I
This is the reason for the -bandoned farms is St4s State, and the same
reason applies to other Southern States.
This Is the reason why that section of Florida the i the St. Johns River to
Trail Ridge; about twenty miles wide and one hu, mile, miles long, which con-
tains as good land as can be found on the face ae gloe globe; is practically
abandoned, and ,thickly dotted with stumpless eleo and, and decaying improve-
This is why shiftless negroes, are sharing wits ants and owls, the brick
and stone mansions; now crumbling with deesy anoed bjaed by neglect, that still
stand, sad mon, nts of former grandeur, prospered pled plenty; on the lordly
* extensive learM in the rich and fertile seetioaMadiiMadison, Jefferson, and
Leon Counties.
Conditions like the above described prevail oveirge prge part of Florida. We
have used the sections enumerated merely as samp.
With this stating of the conditions, and with bitliapliting out of the oppor-
tulity, we will't down to the subject of this edii whicl which is-
It is the OE THING THIAT THIS STAT DS td)8DS to make it take its
place among the greatest agricultural States of station aton to which half the
world looks for food and raiment.
The thrifty German, French, or Dutch farmainedln ped by generations of
ancestors to depend on the hands of his ivmed4ietseholsehold for the work on
his farm, will find in Florida vast fields, that willuoe aluem abundantly, READY
for his PLOW.
He will not be obliged to wait for, the ground to, nor r, nor the streams to run,
nor the rainy season to pass. Here ae to be found tionsltions of nature's provid-
ing that he is forced to provide himeslf when he a this this continent to make
his home.
All he need do is to come.
The Land of Canaan is here.
And it will as certainly flow with milk and has didis did the Canaan of old,
if it is but possessed and intelligently tilled.
BUT, never would the promised land have bessesesessed, never would the
Children of Israel have cast longing eyes in its lon, tion, if the story of the
Canaan riches had not been told; Ift an agent iot bwot been chosen to lead
them out to it.
So will it be with Florida unled something ie to e to make it known and
to lead people to it.
As a people we, of Florida, have never been ato talto take bold steps in the
march of progress. We have shown great enterpn the a the lines of trade, we
have displayed high courage in the development oe of te of the resources of the
Why not take up this great question of agrie and. and push it up to the
rank that other industries occupy? \
The first step toward it is to INDUCE THEHT KHT KIND OF PEOPLE
to settle in the state. ,
Practically nothing has been ddee by the 8tthe rthe railroads have been
doing good work along this line, but this 18 NOTOUOGOUGH.
The people should take up this question, and it outit out to a demonstrated
We recommend the perusal of the articles wriby Caqy Capt J. II. Stephens.
who hai made immigration his work for years, noo, now running in this
We invite the people to discuss this question bse cose columns with a view
to deciding on the best way to solve it.

Rel for St. Luk

We frankly confess that we have been doing' hare hard thinking for the
past week.
patrelwe of us, we know; but not likely to both often often.
This time the excuse we have to offer is a one one for we have been
thinking about St. Luke's Hospital.

The reason why we adopt so light a tone in dealing with so important a
subject Is that we are quite sure that WE HAVE FOUND A REMEDY for the
financial trouble that now involves this noble institution.
The remedy lies in the person of our worthy mayor and in no safer hands
could we wish to have it rest.
TO SUPPORT A HOSPITAL sufficient for the city's needs, and it would be t
matter easily arranged to merge St. Luke's into a city hospital. The directors
of St. Luke's have expressed themselves as not adverse to this plan.
Last spring when the mayoralty campaign was threatening to launch itself
at the devoted heads of the citizens of Jacksonville, Mr. J. H. Reese, then City
Editor of the Daily Florida Sun, sought an expression from the mayor as to til.
t'he mayor submitted, wi... his usual grace, to the pain of an interview
which was printed in the Daily Florida Sun.
Among other things the mayor said that he favored the plan, which the Sun
was then Advocating, for a well equipped city hospital.
"I will," said the mayor, "if elected, undertake to raise $200,000 for a city
hospital. I can easily raise this amount by direct appeal, as mayor of the city.
to the charitable wealthy people of the country."
We have not had time to look up the paper containing this interview-w,
have just thought of it-and the words in quotations may not be the EXACT
WORDS of the mayor. But they are exact enough to convey the sentiment

expressed by him. We have the files of the Daily Florida Sun and could quote
the exact words of the mayor if we had a little more time.
We feel sure that the mayor has not forgotten his promise, and will, in due
time, come forward with his plan to save the city from the disgrace of having
St. Luke's close its doors. rom the disgrace of having

Fall styles in the paying of life insurance premiumshow marked chan
from those prevailing last year. Quite an improemiums show a markemitting the
other day sent two checks, one for $37 and the other for man remitting the
that the $37 was to pay the premium, and the$100 was for00 Hivision among the
family of the president. Nice man that. So thoughtful.

The American sphere of influence i extending. It has now reached the
Dark Continent. Late news from the diamond fieldsis Ithat the rieahand fall of
Florida "spirits" is watched with eagle eye hy the vendors of the glittering
carbons. As spirits go up, stones increase in price and vice versa.

What might be called a deep-laid scheme was unearthed late this week
New England. Seems that an enterprisTing undertaker was te tha misk in
to prmele rs who, attending the last moments, gave theyun rY nfmmiiom
tip that all was over. Grave offense this. av e unertaker a friendly

- -



"" p 1:! 7.

1111 1


Saturday, November 25, 1905

Once upon a titme in a intaii village of India the people, who had been felici-
tating themsiives. ulon the large crop of rice which had ,een raised during the
season just closed, and, as people who live in India need little except rice, every-
body was happy over the thought that his loved ones were provided for; A MAN
The first day the tiger carried off a child, the next day a woman, the third
day another child, and so on, each day the tale of sorrow grew, until the village
was turned from a community of happy souls free from care, into one of sorrow
and dread.
Every house was a house of mourning, for being a small village each one was
affected by the sorrow of his neighbor, or by the loss of his playmate or friend.
Added to this was the terrifying uncertainty about the safety of his particu-
lar loved ones, that ipossessed thit head of each household, for the tiger was onm-
niverous in his taste and no respector of persons.
ALARM in the village, again appeared on tihe principal street. He was a giant
in stature, and his sinewy limbs and muscular chest bore witness to his gieat
strength. In his right hand he carried nn enormous spear, in his left a net made
of thongs of elephant hide, and in his girdle glittered a long knife sharpened to
a razor edge.
Slowly walking to the most conspicuous corner lie brandished his spear,

Now, would you believe it! there wpre some in that village who did jot want
to call this Indian, Champion Tiger Slayer of the Himalaya Slope, and who
wanted to lend their ktilves to somebody else, while the volunteer was doing the
tiger hunting.
We made this fable up out of our own head but it is true every word of it-
to life.
Something like this happened last week in Jacksonville when holders of life
Insurance policies met in the Board of Trade Rooms.
Don't YOU he like the men in the Indi- villagee .

Publicity, the People' Weapon
We do not agree with the editor of the Ocala Banner when he advises the
editor of the True Democrat (of TallahaNsee) to stop publishing the things
done by the Jennings administration, that look bad, and turn his attention to the
doings of the present administration.
That is, we do not agree with ALL OF THE ADVICE given by the Ocala
editor to his Tallahastee brother.
We agree with the last part about turning the light of publicity on the acts
of the .present administration.
81HOULDI BE KNOWN TO THE PEOPLE, and reputable newspapers are the
inediums through which the people can most easily be informed.
We DO NOT AUREE with the first part of the Ocala advice, about drop-
ping the investigation into the acts of the Jennings administration, on the
ground that it is past and gone.
This ADVICE IS BAD, because if followed it would result in withholding
from the people information they are justly and properly entitled to.
If the investigation now being prosecuted by the True Democrat shows that
*Jennings while Governor conunmitted wrong or Illegal acts, or allowed others to
commit them, it is NOT TOO LATE TO PUNISH HIM.
If the investigation sho*n that Jennings conducted his office to the honor
and advancement of the people of the State, IT IS NOT TOO LATE to reward
him by praise, offllice or otherwise.
By all means LET US HAVE LIGHT, though it is late in coming.
Man is but human even if he be elected to office, and if he KNOWS THAT
ALL IlS ACTS are liable to be exposed to public view, he is bound to more
carefully guard against the liability to err that all flesh is heir to.

I .

hallowed in a loud voice and waved his net until every soul in the village gathered
near him to learn WHAT HAD MADE HIM CRAZY.
Seeing that he held the attention of all and that there was no one missing
from the crowd, he lifted up his voice and thus spoke to them: "Fellow Indians:
As you all know, I have beIn a member of the Ivory Club for many years. You
know that we do not open the sessions of that club with an invocation to Budda,
nor close them with a passage from the sanskirt Book of Nepal.
"You are, probably, on to the fact, that the only motto the Ivory Club can
call its own is the one reading. 'Get the other fellow's ivory, before he annexes
yours.' You are, most likely, wise to the circumstance that, in living upto the
motto of the club, I have always played the game as it had to be played-TO GET
THIE IVORY. You are by this time next to me and my ways. I have never lied to
you or made a promise I did not keep. I want to say this morning that this
constant reaching for the ivory has developed my arms, an the carrying of it
away has built up leg and chest power.
"I am, therefore, the best equipped man in the village to 'buck this tiger,'
and I am here to tell you that I am GOING OUT FOR HIS PELT. I don't want
anybody to go into the tiger's lair with 'me, all I want you to do is name me the
Champion Tiger lHunter of Himalaya Slope, and trust your lives, (in so far as
they are endangered by the tiger) to yours truly. Now, as this tiger probably
has a tough hide. I ask all of you who have long sharp knives to put them where
I can Ret at them if I need them. You can get them gain when you want
them. I have mid."

A Word to the County Superintedent

l)uval County needs a man at the head of the public schools.
We do not know Mr. 11. 11. Palmer, the new appointee, and cannot express
any opinion as to his quialillcations for the ofttle.
Owing to the fact that Mr. Palmer in now a public servant, and, as such,
subject to the orders of his masters, the people, we will venture to give Mr.
Palmer our idea of what constitutes a man worthy to hold this important
lie must he possemwd of-
CHIIARACTElt-for with this endowinenbt he can command the respect of
those placed in his charge.
ItlFlINEMENT-because lacking this quality he will wrongly influence the
minds of children who are susceptible of influence good and bad.
FIRMNESS-with which to deal successfully with the perplexing problems
arising from the complex characters of children.
UIXIMENT-to decide what is best to be done for the good of the children
entrusted to his care.
TACT-to do what has to be done with the least possible friction.
EDUCATION-that will fit him for the proper choosing of the teachers,
the course of study and the books best adapted to accomplish the great object
of his ofilce.
We realize that the foregoing in a difficult peeiflecation, and that the oil will
give out in the Diogenes lantern before the man is found who can measure up
to all the counts in it.
We make this little talk in the hope that Mr. Palmer will question himself
about the things we have here set down, and prepare himself to fill the speeifl-
cation of a county superintendent.
This county has not, of late, been favored with that happy combination of
the place and the man ibet fitted to fill it in 'the county superintendent's office.
(lenn was not.
Elzey was not.
Both possesed admirable qualities of head and heart, each measured up to
the speciflcation in many resm(eOts, but neither combined in his personality
ENOUGH OF THEM to mark him as the BEST MAN for the place-and the
Iwst man in wanted for this place above all others.
Let not the man who has been deemed beIt fitted, and who has been given
this position regard it as a meal ticket. It is important enough to occupy his
To the man who will put his soul into this work, there is offered an oppor-
tunity to make nuch an impress on this community, as will cause his name to
Iw, rtmemlered when that of the captain of industry, or the great legal light
will he numbered among the echoes of the rayless caverns of obseerity.
The right man in this offiee can bring the public schools to a high standard
of excellence.
There is no better work than this, and none that will no Irrigate his moul
with the sweet waters of content that flow to him who labors for the good of his
Turning to the prosaic side of this question of a choice of a superintendent,
we are reminded that the Beef Trust, having recovered from the gentle chiding
administered by the court, is still with us, horns, hoof and tail. If man cannot
live by bread alone, it is not unlikely that "the waters of content" however
sweet they) may be, will fail to sustain him.
This reflection causes us to remark that the salary at present attached to the
office, in not sufficient to tempt the right man to continue to hold it. These "right
kind of men" are, as a rule, earning much more money in other occupations.
This, fortunately, is a matter that san be remedied without difficulty or
delay. The Board of Public Instruction HIAS TIlE FIXING OF THE SALARY

A new diewaw has developed among the New York snwmrt set slnae the visit
of that dear Battenberg. It affects the hinges in the hind legs. Doctors are look-
ing for a name for it. Here's a suggestion-call it--"8ynoopastic-enuflexamy."

Not very graceful in some of the citiwns of Lake City eating doubt on the
ronstitutionality of the Buckman Bill APTER Lake City lost the university
location. Afterthoughts are generally the bhmt, but this time the rule don't



~ owall

November 25, 1905


A Thanksgiulng Reverie

If It s Oliver's-

You'll Want Moie

Up in the North the snowflake are
beginningto fly, for the embers of the
y re1 re and der old Mother Earth
S to fl that another cycle of Time
is beginning to round up the rolling
yea. *
It is the time for the relight and'
the faois that float in the crimson
vapor out from the old-fashioned fire-
place. You'recall it; dear reader, do you
not? The old farm house with its low
rooms and dim windows through which
sunlight and moonlight sent weird shad-
ows on floor and wall and ceiling?
Outside, the cold wind and the colder
snow. Inside, the generous warmth, the
flickering flame, the low, sweet voices,
the happy, smiling faces-that were and
are no.
"Announced by all the trumpets of the
Arrives snow,'and, drifting o'er the
Seems nowhere to alight; the whited air
Hides and woods, the river and the
And veils the farmhouse at the garden's
The sled and traveler stopped, the cour-
ier's feet'
Delayed, all friends shut out, the house-
mates sit
Around the radiant fireplace, enclosed
In a tumultuous privacy of snow."

So wrote Emerson, cosily ensoonseed
in his Concord home! Had be lived in
Florida, he could npt have so written,
nor could Longfellow, from whose pen
fell this sentences "How beautiful it
was, falling so silently, all day long,
all night long, on tho mountains, on the
meadows, on the roofs of the living, on
the graves of the dead." (.
We of the North, living now in the
sunny South are often surfeited with
the summer warmth of its winter sea-
son and long for the tonic of the frosty
air, that braces up and invigoites the
human frame. But, looking about our
environments we see the roses blooming
as though it were June instead of No-
vember; we scent the perfume of orange
bloom n and (Ope Jasamines and Chi-
nest honeysuokles; we listen, not to
wonder what the wild winds are whis-
pering, but to the melody of the mock-
g bird, the chatter of the bluejay,
the colng murmur of the doves, the lap-
lap of the woodpecker, the whirr of the
partridge, the chatter of the crow; we
watch the moonlight send the outline of
stately pines and gnarled oaks and twist-
ed cypress on the limpid waters of lake,
bay and river; deep, deep down into their
very hearts.
And then? While we may miss the
mighty mountains, or wide-spreading
plains, or darkened woodlands of the
East and ;the West, there rise in our
hearts, songs of thankfulness that kind
Nature has prepared 'a rest and nepen-
the for hearts wearied of the world;
songs that
'Have power to quiet
The restless #pulse of nre,s,
And come like the benediction
That follows after prayer."
The embers of the year. Suggestive
of so many things that touch our hu.
manlty. As we sit, with long silences
bWte, our talk, watching the red flame
of the pine log leap up the chimney, our
revsweet or bitter as our lives
them. There are words re-
memMbetediW picbance, that should have
goe g o Into the limbo of the for-
.goitmie are echoes of songs that
'e- a more be sung by the lips that
sanf them tn the Long Ago; there is
a fancy that whose lovelight illu-
maidm th way of youth or earlier
manhood il dsi on $ though the
dark s that ,Mw the farther side of
the room in which we are sitting-alas I
~a fi w seem to se the outline
of tl We lu, getl head that once
r aso 0toi in our own, while
th dear headnested dlose to a bosom

pulsating with the wine of love flowing
trough our veins.
All these, to our present sorrow.

"And the stately ships
To the haven under
But, oh I for the touch of a
And the sound of a

go on
he hill,
vanished hand
voice that is

How many of our readers are there to
whom such memories come when the
embers of the year are upon them; one
more of those years, following years
that, in the words of Pope *
"Steal something every day
Then steal us from ourselves away?"
But let us be thankful that our fan-
cies of the firelight are not wholly of
shadows or grey in color. There flash out
rosy rays, full of tin brightness of re-
membered joys that dot the roadside as
wild roes border country lanes. Then it
is we think of dear Ike Marvel who, a
half century ago delighted the youth
and the maid, ay I the man grown and
the matron, with his Dream Life and
Reveries of a Bachelor, that are to-day
as fascinating as when they first ap-
peared within the green cover pages of
Putnam's Magazine. "Over a Wood Fire."
Do you recall the reverie? In the realm
of sentiment these two books are classics
and to-day Donald G. Mitchell must feel
a sense of satisfaction over success such
as few writers feel, who in this day write
mainly for money's sake.
I am reminded of it by seeing in
Adam's Magazine for September, the
whole chapter published. The copyright
having expired it is, of course, open to
all to print when and where they will;
but it is an act of clear injustice to so
filch such treasures of sentiment.
There was, first-Smoke, signifying
doubt; then Blase-signifying cheer;
then Ashes--signifying desolation. On
these three strings of human thought
his facile fingers fell with loving ten-
derness, yielding notes that were jubi-
lant with Joy, until the blase died out
into the requiem of sorrow.
Then the rosy embers changed to a
dull grey as the darkness deepened, show-
ing more clearly in the dim lamplight.
So they are embers other than those of
the year. Embers of Hope and Happi-
ness, of Love and Life-grief and glad-
ness-until the vital spark expires.
But--does it expire, or only change
its prison to a palace, in that unknown
country to which all who are human are
bound? On Thanksgiving Day, all over
this broad land their e sermons
preached in praise of prosperity and
present happiness. But there will be
many to whom prosperity and happiness
have not come and they will sigh for the
peace that passeth understanding and
the solace of silence that comes when lips
close to open no more in speech.
When then the sun shines, there are always
shadows, somewhere; so, when the fire-
ligot glows, they fall as well on vacant
chairs and darkened covers. The em-
bers are crimson for awhile and then,
grey ashes remain.
My reverie is ended.
The employes of the L. & N. are loud
in their praises of the liberal treatment
of the company during the quarantine.
Not only were -those who had to stay
outside that city boarded free by the
company, and every possible arrangement
made for their comfort, but those whose
pay depends upon the mileage run re-
ceived pay for the eighteen miles be-
tween the relay camp and Pensaola. Is
it any wonder that the boys swear by
the "old man," as Superintendent Salt
Marsh is affectionately termed?-The
Breeze (DeFunlak.)
The city will soon be overrun with
men from the northward hunting a job.
It is a mistake for a white man to think
he can come down here and do common
negro labor, keep a family and run an
automobile on the proceeds.-Orlaado

gby Mall Le C. Oliver i
Sent by Mal l L/* Wl r orida

Consolidated Grocery Co.
C. B. Rogers Company, Florida Grocery Company, Florida Naval Stores
and Commision Company, Mutual Naval Stores Company of Jacksonville,
Gulf Naval Stores Company of Pensacola, West Coast -Naval Stores Compa-
ny of Savannah, Ga.
WM hmile Wevytldng In Heavy and Ught rreerie, Grain, ProvIsloi, DoMM-
tio and Imoprted romries, Turpentine Tools, tV
Shipments to all points that can be reached the cheapest for the customer
through the branch stores the Company, and prompt attention to all orders
through the main office and branches.
dla OMS Md W lhwem: Jakeenvi. busmhe: Tampi, PaMnelm MaI Savmhb.


In every

town In Florida
to soil

Write The Ge W. Clark Co 306 Main St
Terms UarK Jacksonville, Florida

I case of siGkness

Seeba's White Label Whisky
Is the the thinA to have handy
If In 0ood health

Barbarosa Beer

MaNll Mers MM
day w ptl t

Cmla* IN f iUqumq V L[CA JAGK6ONVILLE,
Wh, Bmr ami Cgre n JfLe L FLORIDA

"Chadwick Pays the Freight"

By giving this discount from plain figure


cash prices

to all purchasers who


goods shipped to them in Florida .


00Povk$ad on

B. H. Chadwick Furniture Co.
C-omu d m then gsd-We issu te s Catadgus.

Joseph Zapf & Co.

bbtalhd el to NelOUN

Anhouser-Busch Beers

Ma f WItees Wins, UqOns, Mimral Wator, W o.

Will keep you just so


November 25, 1905



Intimate Talks Between Publisher and Reader

Last August there was a total eclipse
of the sun, that little known and wonder-
ful orb that keeps the earth alive. As-
tronomers from all countries gathered
all along the path of totality, and at
the astronomical moment applied their
eyes to the small ends of the telescopes
levelled at the great natural phenome-
They were looking for sun spots new,
and studying sun spots old.
This is what you, who read this page,
are invited to do. LOOK FOR THE SUN
SPOTS, and when you find them, you
are respectfully urged to tell us about
For, if spots are present on the face
of the great solar sun, it is not be ex-
pected that this little paper and ink
SUN of ours will be free from them.
So, polish up your lenses, sharpen up
your pencils and wade right in. We know
that we are open to criticism and we do
not care how much, or how often, or how
hard you hit us, provided you do it fair-
ly, honestly and sincerely, with a view
to make a better SUN.
Now, for a few questions:
Do you like the form of the paper?
Do you think the Agricultural depart-
ment a good feature?
Do you like the Women's department?
Would you like to see a short story
complete in each issue?
We are thinking of having an illus-
trated story about some Florida town
in each number, like the one about Live
Oak in this one. How does this strike
Do you advise the addition of a Chil-
dren's department?
What do you think of our news sum-
mary? Is it too short or too long? Does
it cover enough ground?
Do you think we have given too much
space to editorials? Are the editorials
too short, or would you prefer them
even shorter, more of the tabloid form,
like bad medicine, as a rule, presented?
Tell us about all of these things. We
will be thankful for suggestions. We con-
fess, quite frankly, our woeful lack of
experience, and cry-help! help!
Bear in mind that this journal is
printed for you, and will be printed just
as you want it, if you will only tell us
WHAT you want. If it does not suit
you, you are to blame.
It's up to you.
Here's some spots we have discovered
The white paper we have used is not
heavy enough. We will use heavier paper
as soon as this we have on hand is
out. The journal will then be much
easier to handle.
Our heading in the first issue was too I
large. We have reduced the size in this
We have already said something apol- i
optical about delivering the paper to I
you uncut and unpasted. If this number t
reaches you in this condition-be pa- V
tient. It will mean that our folder is

not yet set up. We will wipe out this
spot as soon as we can get the folder
The press work of the first issue was
not at all good. This number is better,
but still not what you are entitled to.
Our press is not yet properly adjusted.
As soon as it is we will do better.

From this exposure of our breast-
works for your attack and the pointing
out of the weak places in them, we turn
to the unfolding of some of the good
things we have in store for you.
O.ur list is long and fairly full already,
but we are on the hunt for more all the
We will mention just three, and let
them soak into your sub-consciousness
for a while.
First, we will commence next week the
publication as a serial of "Monsieur Bau-
caire," that delightful little story by
Booth Tarkington which placed the name
of its author among the literary im-
Perhaps you have read this story, and
have also seen Richard Mansfield inter-
pret it on the stage. If you have both
read and seen "Baucaire" you will all
the more enjoy a reperusal. If you have
neither read nor seen, you are like the
little boy who whistled for his dog-
you have something coming to you.
Do not miss this story. The first in-
stallment will appear in the SUN of
Decemberr 2
Right at this time the most important
public work ever undertaken in nis
country of great achievements, is going
on. We mean the railroad to Key West.
We will have a series of articles with
illustrations, on this epoch-making en-
terprise, prepared by a member of our
staff who will personally inspect the
work. These articles will begin early in
the new year.
Get yourself ready for this reading of
the story of the "Putting of An Island
on The Continental Map.'
Next in importance from an engineer-
ing viewpoint, and, if successful, of equal
importance to Florida development is the
Draining of the Everglades.
Governor Broward will contribute to
the SUN a series of articles on this
project, which will unfold his plans.
make known his aims, and tell just how
much has already been done. The series
will be illustrated from drawings of
dredges, maps, etc., now in the Govern-
or's office.
This will be the first authentic infor-
mation about Broward's famous Drain-
age Scheme which elected him Governor.
Begins in December. Get in line for it,
by becoming a regular SUN reader.
The foregoing are only three' choice
pippins in THE SUN'S orchard of bright
red, and luscious offerings of intellectual
food. The sun will ripen many more
oothsome temptations to your mental
Watch THE SUN'S Chariot Go Round.

Some Thinks by the Brethren

than the tourists, though both are good
in their place and are cordially welcome
-one for a time and the other for all
the time.-Palm Beach News.
With the primary some six months
in the future, politics are already on
the move in some of the Florida coun.
ties. In Duval county, for instance, where
a sheriff is to be elected, several candi-
dates for the place have already an-
nounced, and in Leon county, Hon. W.
A. Rawls and Hon. John W. Henderson
have signified their desire for votes to
represent that county in the State Sen-
ate. So, thus early is the campaign on
in these counties.-New Enterprise.
We may be fond of Battenberg and
all the nice things he says about us,
but we don't want any alliances with the
English or any Government of Europe.
We will be friends with them and sell
them stuff cheaper than we do our home
folks-on account of the tariff-and that
is all.-Gainesville Sun.

Almost all the members of the Taft
party that went to the Philippines agree
that the Filipinos are unfit for inde-
pendence. Their conclusion may be sound
enough, but it is a noteworthy fact in
the history of the long struggle for hu-
man liberty that the rulers have never
agreed that the ruled were fit for inde-
pendence. Sometimes, of course, they are
not; if they were, however, the amaze-
ment of the reigning power that they
should aspire to freedom was none the
less unbounded. We believe nobody now
denies that a majority of the Filipinos
want, or think they want-which is in
effect the same thing-to be independent.
Ordinarily that want would be taken by
an American to mean that there was ex-
intent in the people who entertained it
at least a germ of the fitness for free-
dom.-Daily Capital.

The Palatka News suggests the name
of Dr. E. S. Crill as a candidate for
Governor. Is this to be a regular thing-
is Palatka to have a candidate for Gov-
ernor every term? Let 'Am come. The
Governorship, it is said, sometimes comes
high, but Dr. Crill and his friends have
the price. With T. A. Jennings of Es-

oambia, Hillman, Wilson and Stockton
of Duval, Crane of Hillsboro, Gllohrist
of DeSoto, and a few others in the race,
the fur will fly and the pot house poli-
ticians will have a hog-killing time.-
Deand' Weekly News.
For some time past the drug stores
and fruit stands have taken more or less
license in the matter of selling fruit,
cigars, etc., on Sunday, but the privi-
lege heretofore tacitly given them in
somewhat abridged, the Council having
directed the marshal to enforce the Sun-
day law against such sales after 12
o'clock on Sunday. A number of persons
who are in the habit of dropping into
the drug stores at any hour during the
day and purchasing cigars were sur-
prised last Sunday afternoon when their
calls for a smoke were politely but firm-
ly turned down. One irate smoker laid
the whole trouble to the last Legislature
and heaped anathemas on the heads of
the members of that body for enacting
blue laws.
As a matter of fact the State law
against selling merchandise on Sunday
Is about as old as the State itself, and
the town ordinance on the subject is
fully old enough to vote, but notwith-
standing their old age neither have here-
tofore been given a full measure of re-
spot in Starke.-Bradford Telegraph.
Hundreds of homeseekers are coming
from many points in the North and West
to Florida to "spy out the land," says
the St. Augustine Record. Florida bids
them a gracious welcome and asks them
to make a thorough investigation of all
portions of her domain, east, west, north
and south. Of course the people on the
east coast will be most happy to extend
the hand of greeting to all who may de-
sire to cast their lot in this section, but
those who may go to other parts, either
on the west coast, or in the middle or
northern section, will find there a peo-
ple quite as generous in their welcome.
The east coast has already attracted a
large percentage of those who have come
South seeking an equable clime and a
good field for enterprise, and no doubt
a great many will decide to Ibeome resl-
denti of the State.-East Coast Advo-


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There seems to be a great difference
of opinion in the minds of Southern
papers and peoples as to the merits of
importing Italian labor into the South-
ern States to take the place of negro
The caution is thrown out in some
quarters to the negro, that the change
will surely come if he does 'not rise to
the occasion and give better service.
It is doubtful if the leopard can
change his spots, on the one hand, and
if there ever will be a sufficient num-
ber of Italians found who will take his
job and do much better, at least for
many years to come, on the other hand.
If there should be a sufficient number
come into this section to disturb the
negro as a laborer, one thing is cer-
tain-the sale of wages would reduce
the poorest and most shiftless worker
to a position where he would not get
$1.2r5 a day for a half day's labor.
The only thing that will bring the
easy-going negro to time will be the

same thing that brings the indifferent
Caucasian to time, and that is actual
competition. He will laugh at the threat,
but he will step around lively should
the actual thing get next to him, wheth-
er that thing comes in the shape of an
Italian or some other laborer. But
after all is said and done, it would be
very difficult to handle the ignorant Ital-
ian in the mass as easily as the negro.
In all likelihood it will be with the
negro as with the poor-they will
always be with us.-Orlando Daily Re-
A few of the homeseekers that are
wandering up and down the east coast
occasionally drop off here and some of
them stay. It is to be hoped that more
of them can be induced to look at this
section for looking leads to liking and
liking leads to "getting stuck" and "get-
ting stuck" leads to staying and it is
stayers-the all-the-year-round residents
that are wanted an much or even more


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Holland (in ..................................... 1 0 to 8 50
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* a Jacksonville, Florida

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y Choice Rye............................................ ...
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t olland Gin. Two Star............................... 20
I ollandGin. Three star.............................. 4
enry'I Speelal Brand N. C. .orn.............. 8 2

We guaranteee al our tood& and refund money If not ustisfatory.
HENRY rF Propriet





November 25, 1905



Live Oak Alive
(Continued from Third Page)
Carter & MoCollum, IL E. Carter, J. L.
Lee, J. B. Jomnson, M. E. Broome and
C. A. Hardee. Colonel Hardee is the
District Attorney for this judicial dis-
Among the physiolans-also a very
fine lot of men-we find Brown &
Thomas, Elfird & Price, T. 8. Anderson,
W. 0. White, J. W. West and H. F.
The churches of the city are all hand-
some structures. The largest of these
ouse of worship is the Baptist. It is
built on the tabernacle plan, and is a
very commodious and beautifully fin.
Wished church. It was finished only this
year, and cost $11,000. The Methodist
Church is also a neat and well-finished
building, substantially built of brick,
and gives an attractive appearance. The
Advent Church is also a large and costly
church, costing when finished more than
$10,000. Both the Episoopalians and
Prebyterians have very creditable
churches. The Chrlstian denomination
also has a church hare.
The educational advantages arc ex-
ceptionally good. The Suwannee High
School li one of the ranking high schools
of the State. It has an enrollment of
over 500 pupils. Prof. L. B. Edwards
Is the very eliclent principal.
The Southern Business College hast
recently opened its doors, and quite a
number of young men and women are
fitting themselves for business under the
Instruction of Prof. Vigus, the principal,
and- his able assistants. The Southern
Business College is a branch of the
Tampa Business College, of which Prof.
L.M. Hatton is the president, as also
Of the college of this city.
A kindergarten is also well supported,
WM. Cherry and Miaa Chids having re-
.tly Iegu with quite a large attend-
SThe religious, moral and educational

advantages to be had here speak volumes
for the city.' No saloon has been al-
lowed for the last fifteen years, and the
result has been so satisfactory that it
is the general opinion that no attempt
will ever be made to open one here again.
The municipal affairs of the city are
well administered. Col. M. E. Broome
is the Mayor, C. H. Brown president of
the city council, 8. P. Mays city clerk,
J. 8. Kinkaid tax collector, W. H. Lyle
marshal and sanitary inspector.
The city council is making prepar-
ations for extensive improvements in all
the public works. An election has been
called for the purpose of voting on a
large bond issue. The proceeds of this
will be applied to buying and construct-
ing waterworks, street paving, improv-
ing and maintaining a fire department,
building a city hall and market, and for
other improvements.
The leading hotel of the city is the
Ethel, Hopson & Co., proprietors. Al-
though the Ethel is a large hotel for this
sine city it can scarcely accommodate
the commercial and transient trade.
Other hostelries are the Brown House,
Magnolia House and Groover House.
Much has been said recently in regard
to building a large hotel to supply the
evident demand, which is steadily in-
creasing. This, no doubt, will be done
at an early date. It is the way of these
Live Oak people to have whatever is
The reaideacee portions of the city are
not so much grouped as in some cities,
but Ohio Avenue seems to be the favored
section in the building of new residences.
Several fine dwellings are nearing com-
pletion, and will soon he added to the
already large number of beautiful resi-
dences on this avenue. Some of the
most attractive are those of J. B. Bar-
ton, C. N. Hildreth, .1. D. Radford W.
J. Hillman, Sid Hinley and Dr. C. H.
Brown. Hi. F. Dexter, C. H. Brown. T.
8. Baisden, R. L. Dowling, A. D. Hem-
ming, Worth Stephens and J. W. Sper-

ring have beautiful homes in other sev-
tions of the city. i
While Live Oak is a very busy city
with its manufactures and commercial
enterprises, and oft'times liorgo business
interests necessarily conflict somewhat,
there is a commendable freedom from
any factions, and all seem united in
the promotion of all that is most bene.
tfcial for the city and its people. '
(WE.. Palhor.)

What comes from tit' land of thie morn.
0, many beautiful things,
The days of our years adorning,
As if, upon shining wings
The fairies leaped from the lilies
That bloom on the banks above
To dance among daffodillies
In the bowers of human love.
What comes from tit' land of the morn-
0, some of the sweetest things
That spring to sight without warning
On rays that the day-dawn brings;
They slip into hearts that sorrow,
They comfort life's lonely hours,
They whisper that the To-morrow
Will burgeon to blooming lowers.
What comes from th' land of the morn-
0. many lovable things,
To eyes where lovelights are dawning.
Uip that drop l'arls as they ing,
A glimpse of a land of glory,
Whose meadows are banks of bloohh ,
That rival the olden story
Of the roses of Tuloonm.
All these, from tht' land of tlhe morn-
Belong to the one who sings
The songs of the soul. while seorning.
All sordid andi selfish things.
0 singer of songs Above thee
Are spirits, with shining wings,
That come with th' morning to love
th e e beautiful thin,
Bringing thee beautiful things.

Our Prices are Right
Our Goods are Right
We'll Treat You Right
Therefore to Buy Right
Buy Right from

Jacksonville, Fla.

The Second Club

Will he filled inside of two weeks, to take
one hundred New Scale $4()0 Ludden &
11ates Pianos at $287 cash or $287 on pay-
Iments oif $10 cash and 8 mionthlly (S.|wr
celnt interest.)
Ift you loin Ie Club and buy
your Plano on our Co-omr
lve plan you save $1 .

11111111"t'" I 'l i 'i. aki- Himn if pyta
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i' iW roI'tar W'~rItf, (1 ,I- fir f-imhIattilt-,

Ludden & Bates s. m. H.
.23 ahd by WA'


S _______________________________



Jacksonvllle, Fla.

All Kinds of Goods
General Hardware Line

Promptly Filled

Supplying customers in remote
sections of the state is one of our
most successful specialties

Florida Hardware

Building Material m.

Foundation to Finish

fiber 25, 1905


By OS0


is the day of the Specialist. The
Iacturer and tih merchant find
pr use for the specialist in some
p line than for his other employes
knowledge is only general, and
special ists' usefulness and renmunera-
alike increase in proportion to the
ughiness of his knowledge. All great
veri"s in science are made by spe-
ts. The specialist has also appeared
ie fited of municipal activity, re-

B*rding to a consular report pub-
a few months ago by the State
Srtniunt at Washington, G(erman
often bid for the services of the
br or some other official of another
who has shown unusual ability in
public service. Thus, in Germany,
may become a professional mayor
ity clerk. American cities take the
tion of some political clique, with-
much regard to peculiar fitness for
office. The primary election system
s nearer to a "competitive exami-
on." The candidates must persuade
voters that they are qualified for the
But the voter has often to take
choice among candidates whose abil-
to conduct municipal affairs suc-
fully has not been. tried. Such a
g as choosing some one for office
is not a voter in the city is un-
rd of in this country.
ut the different ideas as to the selec-
of officers of a city government
nt to a difference in the ideals of
eity held abroad and in America.
British cities the "town clerk" who
a more important officer with them
n the mayor, generally holds office
Sa long time, and becomes a "pro-
sional," so to speak-particularly if
shows great fitness for the office.
us the town clerk of Manchester and
Samen offilcial in Nottingham have
d their respective offices for a gen-
tion each. Through the chief working
cer holding his position during all
nges of parties, an element of sta-
ity is given to the city government
leh most American cities lack. Yet
itish cities have more of the sub-
nee of democratic government than
e majority of American cities have.
STlie idea of the city in Great Britain
ld (Germany more strongly emphasizes
s relations to business, as a corpora-
eon, than to politics. This idea is grow-
in America, to some extent,-Jack-
tville is something of an example-
t in general the city voter thinks
re of the interests of the national
rty to which lie belongs than of those
his city or himself. The extent to
ich tihe business ideal of the city is
1(1 abroad is shown by the publica-
n in one of the larger British cities
a journal which is published in the
crests of the cities, considered as
siness corporations, and in which va-
11s 'itiies advertise for candidate's to
different positions. These advertise-
nints specify that the applicants must
experts in the management of the
rticular departments of city govern-
nt for which they are wanted, and
st pass a competitive exaniination.
e salary to) is paid then is stated
sometimes they are warned that
attempt to influence city council-
in their own favor will disqualify
m. There is nothing said as to citi-
ship or politics.
his ideal of the, city explains the
wth of municipal ownership of pub-
utilities abroad. The British or Ger-
n city not only wauts to own all
e monopolies within its border and
nduct them for the best interests of
e eitiAn and taxpayer, but, like any
her employer, it tries to secure the
ost talented or best informed special-
ito and to keep them in its service
rmanently, when once secured. There
ms to be reason to believe that this
eal has been stimulated in its growth
y the stupidity of the conservative
ritish capitalists who refuse to adopt
improvements and make betterments in
the service of the monopolies they own
until the patience of the public becomes
exhauinted and drastic measures are
R Several British cities are landlords
and to a large extent. London now shel-
ters 25,000 persons in the tenne*nt.,

City Officials
lodgings and cottages it has built to
take the place of the privately-owned
slums. Not only has it wiped out, large-
ly, a disgrace, but it has provided health-'
ful homes for so many of its citizens,
and the rents, though low, show in the
aggregate a neat profit. The same great
city, under an act of Parliament passed
in 1890, is erecting buildings which will
provide homes for 75,000 more of its
citizens, according to Frederick Upham
Adams, who has contributed a series of
interesting papers to the literature of
this subject. Thus this great metropolis
will soon be sheltering in houses built
and owned by itself a population of
about 100,000 souls, or about twice the
present population of Jacksonville. These
houses are all well lighted, well venti-
lated, and many of them have small
gardens attached, while the. rents are
very low.
This is only a single instance-though
the greatest one-of a number of Brit-
ish cities which own and rent dwellings
they have erected for the poorer classes.
Birmingham' is an example of a city
which has converted its former slums
into one of the handsomest business and
residence portions of the city while pro-
viding amply for the better housing of
the poor.
In 18991) there were sixteen British
cities that owned their own street rail-
way systems, (Prof. Ed. W. Benies in
"Municipal Ownership," page 581.) Ac-
erdling to Adams (1104) every large
city in Great Britain now owns and
operates all or most of its street rail-
ways. Some are content with this sin-
gle instance of public ownership for the
present; others have extended it into
other fields, as public baths, laundries,
wash houses, cemeteries, etc.
London has 48 miles of street rail-
way north of the river, owned by the
public, but leased by the London County
CoMniil to 1irn olpermiting company. mouth
of the river it hits 24 miles of "trinm-
way," or street railway, owned by the
public and operated by the council itself.
(On thlie latter system the fare is onme
cent of American money (half penny)
and even less for workingmen in certain
hours. In the past eight years these
roads south of the river have carried
200,000.000 passengers in all. The street
railway employes have a ten hours' day.
but they work only six days in the'
week, though these caro run all night
as well as all day-run continually, in
finet. The statement that interested par-
ties in this country have made that these
72 miles of road do not pay iexienes's
under public ownership is disliroved lby
the latest annual report of Chairman
Baker of the (Committte on Highways
to the London County Council wherein
he says that, after paying all fixed
charges and operating expenses the com-
mittee was able to pay nearly $1,500,000
into the general fund during the eight
ve'trs, reducing the taxes by that amount.
Manchester is another of the British
eit-es which owns and successfully ope.-
rates its own street railways. The offi-
vcil remiprt of their operation recently
published shows that for the year end-
ing with last June 126,900,874 passen-
vers were carried, over 70 per cent of
whom paid one penny (2 cents) fare
each. From the year's traffic the total
gross revenue earned was $3,150,775; the
increase of expenses over the preceding
year was $98.720; the increase of gross
revenue over 1903-4 was fully $100,000;
tlhie net profits $505,000 for the year.
Of this sum $225,000 was paid into the
city treasury.
Liverpood owns about 140 miles of
street railway. That city bought the en-
tire system, then only 100 miles long,
of the private owners in 1897 for $2,800..
000. At that time it was a slow, wretch-:
ed horse-car service. The city at once
began to put in electric traction, built
40 miles more of road, bought new and
larger ears and increased the number,
and made a sweeping reduction in the
fares. It reduced the hours of labor of
conductors and motormen from s0 to

60 hours per week and, says Mr. Adams,
paid more wages for the shorter lnaor
day than had been paid for the longer.
It furnished uniforms free to the ecar
crews who had been compelled to buy
them from the private company. It was

1001 before all these reforms had been
brought into full use and the profits
for that year after all expenses had been
paid, amounted to $700,000, or $5,000 a
mile. The next year the net profits had
grown to $850,000. The private company
had never been able to show a greater
profit in any one year than $184,000.
Glasgow is a notable example of a
city which hias extended public owner-
ship of public utilities into many fields
which are generally regarded as prov-
inces for private enterprise solely, in ad'l
edition to taking over those more fully
recognized as suitable for collective own-
orship. Justice could not be done to
the advance made in that city without
devoting to it considerable space.
'The American capitalist is ready to
meet all the "reasonable" demands of
the general public, and even to antici-
pate them. The labor he employ mIay
suffer and the taxes may be higher un-
der private ownership, but so long as
the comfort and convenience of the gen-
eral public is cared for, it does not con-
sider those matters.
To be sure, railway wages, in common
with other wages, and with the cost of
living, are low in the British Isles. But,
on the other hand, when the fare is so
low, the relatively large umns paid into
the general fund by the public I)dies
operating these street railways show the
enormous profits acrauing when the rates
of fare are brought down to figures which
allow all the citizens to enjoy the Inhe--
tits of public trans portation. In this
connection it Hhould be noted that acts
of Parliament conillel each of theme pulb-
lie bodiiet to keep back a certain pro-
portion of the net profits for bettermnnts
and future reductions of fare-limiting
the amount to be paid as taxes.

George (I. Currie, ex-Mayor of West
Palm iBeach, and a popular and success-
ful attorney of the Cottage City, arrived
in the city this morning and in spending
the day here attending the regular
monthly Imeting of the Board of County
('ommnissioniers and looking after other
legal matters.
It halw Ii'in 1uiltly nreportAd that Mr.
Currie would likely be a candidate for
the Legisliture in the next campaign,
and when charged with the "omfnnse"
this morning by at Metropolisn nreresenta-
tive, he hald to 'fess ilup," and replied
that there might Ie some foundation in
the rumor, yet lw had made no ilsitive
announcement that lie would I'w a can-
didate. There was a wicked twinkle in
the ex-Mayor's eyes while lhe was talk-
ing, which leads us to Nelieve that the
legislative eIKe is undoubtedly buzzing
in his bonnet.

Should Mr. Currie decide to enter the
race he would, make a vigorous cam-
paign, said would find many loyal friends
throughout Dade County who would
rally to his support.-Miami Metropolis.

If It's Drus

Bettes Has It

FM LUns e T dt A"MiN
AgeNt ftr Nuyloei' CMiv
slurga INotrumN t

Bettes Drug Store
Cor. Say wdr Luurar JaokuhvNg, Fla.



The Only Strictly
Holiday Store
In Florida

Mail Orders for
Xmas Goods Filled
With Care and

Out Glass
Fancy Novelties
Toys, Dolls

41, 47, 41 W. by It.

B13. TATIITM, President Ht. G. STONE, Sect'y-Trvu'.t
J. L. WALLACE, Vice-President

Keeley Institute

Capital Stock $25,000

Jacksonville, florida

Whisky, Opium, Morphine, Tobacco, Cigarette

and all Drug Habits and Neurasthenia and
Nervous Disorders treated by the original Kee-
ley methods so successfully used for 25 years.

An elegant three-story Sanitarium, supplied with electric lights,
gas, hot and cold water baths and all modern appliances, located
in Riverside, corner of Stockton and Park Streets, has been secured
and is now open under the management of a physician who comes
direct from the head institute at Dwight, Illinois.
For full information, terms, etc., write to

Keeley Institute

Telephone 1553


Jacoksonvik flw*d


Eye m NeuM DisUses


N roloy and Osteopathy.
Sd net that terwIs pod a1 6
has ben proven by the diheutit Mbol
of medicine and combined it under the
head of neuroloe. The" emlbanbo
all that is good In tho old hoobi otmedl.
eino-o-topathy, chlropMemtmo, hydfopm
thy, physald ulktr, dietetibm ma by.
slene. We handle hMronao disaies al.
though the suteAI is Jft as applicabe to
acute as to edbnMe trouble. and we Ipe.
os on diseases of the ee. nervou mys.
toIa, tommohead bowel trouble,. const.
nation, epUepsy, spinal troubles. pies,
prostatio and taalo diseaes.
Consolidated Fruit Co.

Car Lote and LeT than Car Lots.
228 West Bay tseet, Jacksonville, Fla.

Ut.N You

Penn Mutual Ufe Ins. Co.

Ago25 $11.45
Ago 80 . $12.00
AVe 85 . 014.15
Ago40 . $10.15
Ato45 .. $. 19.90
o0 20.05
Witot Any retrletoonsi M to travai, res-
idfenc or occupation.
No limitation. Cani bo carried M lng
om '11% w oatnlnation.
D dilat eda al. All forms
ofJf b dinuns from
,O Inoorporatil 1847.
a o"hMr opany
I, so don' ak
a od4ponta. Noo
M nt" ami th Write
& Ak

aI l_.. I

Ftel and Supply Co.
JaiIklonvl., i,"




an income from some paying crop.
There is no reason for want or depri-
vation of any kind, and where such exists
it is clearly traceable to the man him-
mlf-thei was evr a ~t7 wher w so
mBUD an be had with such sft xp
40M d 1pV' ai d t V -Nm

November 25, 1)05

ore Our Jeweler

Wholesale and Retail

(Continued from Sixth Page)
tJvtion, it seems to me, warrant its
general introduction into even those sub-
t Ifpcal island possessions and perhaps
Into southern Florida, which are the
only region in the United States where
we can expect to grow it successfully. As
I understand it, the tubers have lost
some of their acrid qualities under treat-
ment, to which Mr. aecket has subject-
ed them, but I am still of the opinion
that where the common potato, Solanum
tuberosrm, and the sweet potato can be
grown this new plant will receive com-
paratively little attention."

Florida Offers
(Continued from Seventh Page)
acre. We have a large area in the south-
ern part of the State-more than three
million acres-which are specially adapt-
ed to the growth of citrus fruits of all
kinds and where no material damage to
such fruits has ever occurred from cold.
We have countless thousands of undevel-
oped phosphate beds which are ready to
pour out a golden stream for the next
century for the men who intelligently
work them.
We have lumber mills, shingle mills,
tile and brick works, turpentine distil-
leries, the best of silica for glass mak-
ing and we produce on our farms that
most valuable oz all fibrous products, the
Sea Island Cotton.
Our climate and conditions are exactly
suited to the production of most fibre
plants such as the pineapple, beargrass,
palmetto and sisal hemp.
Our fisheries by reason of extended
seacoast and countless bays, estuaries,
rivers and lakes, excel in resources those
of any other three States in the Union-
the sponge fisheries alone already yield-
ing more than one million dollars per
annum to the citizens of this State en-
gaged in such fisheries.
ThousandA of carloads of salt and fresh
water fish are annually sent out and
distributed throughout the country, so
that one can rarely find a first-class hotel
unprepared to servo to its patrons a de-
licious Florida pompano.
Our natural oyster beds are by far the
best to be found in the United States.
We have as fine sugar and tobacco
lands as can be found anywhere outside
of Cuba, and for stock raising we yield
the palm wo none.
We have a splendid free school sys-
term and numerous places where our
youth may obtain the necessary train-
ing to enter the universities.
We have a hospitable, moral and law-
abiding citizenship always ready to ex-
tend the .ianu of welcome to homeseek-
ers or investors.
We have fine social conditions through-
out the State, and those seeking homes
among our people will find that the at-
mosphere tends to elevate and to make
them better, no matter from what State
they may come.
We have our seasons of labor and close
application to the affairs of life and the
promotion of happiness to our fellow-
man. We have our seasons of pleasure
*rnd relaxation, but always accord to
'very man the right to exercise the free
lient of his mind as to his religious, po-
litical and social duties, reserving the
right to do likewise.
We have more than eighty million
people to whom we must distribute our
products, uas there is no other section of
the Union which comes ina general compe-
Out lettuce and beans in December,
strawberries, oranges, grapefruit and
pineapples in January and February;
celery, beans, cauliflower, new potatoes
and cabbage in March and April. Where
is the competition to this trade to arise?
There is no other locality which can pro-
duce these articles in winter, and a
good market for a good article is always
Within ninety days after our immi-
grants have begun operations they have


Everett Hotel

I" Ia Jta ite.



Electrical Goods -
Electrical Engineers1

Write tw
E b td.-
Electic Co.
16W. F yth St, Jcksov, T.

Cay, Shine & McCall
Ra M


15 W. Bay St Jacksonville, Flu.


MW tsbm


Florida Electric Co.
Electric Apparatus t Supplies
Headquarters for everything electri-
cal. Complete telephone exchanges
and private lines. Isolated electric
lighting and power plants.

Larst tMek MAu e1 lme

Knight Crockery Co.
Jacksonville, Fla.

A Telephone in Your Room
if You Stop at

The Park Hotel
Jacksonville, Fla.

Convenient to business

1905 Crop Beans
refugees ........................64 50
14xtri Early Refugee......... 4 50
Eaurliest Valentine ............ 4 50
Stringlehss (reen Pod.. .......6 00
Dtavs Kidlney Wax ........... 5 00
Black Wax .........*....... .... 7 00
\Wardwell's Kidney Wax ... 6 00

Jacksonville, Fla.



Hess & Slager
BrJ Jcksonv~l, Fl.
Mi am eMj w mem
uN MI to" ft"


22, 24 26,28 W. Forsyth St.
Jacksonville, Fla.

Your order
when sent to

S. B. Hubbard
Jaclsonville, Fla.

Iowa Fanning Tools
Plows and Plow Shapes
Doors Sash Blinds


S. B. Hubbard Co.
Jacksonville, Fla.



eaimbor 25, 1905


rf of the

man voice
is the quality that enables
one to recognize a friend
even if that friend be hun-
dreds of miles away talk-
ing over a telephone

e in a piano
is the distinctive quality
that differentiates a good
Siano from a bad rattle

Have Tone
--THE --

louse of Cable
Jacksonville, Fla.

M. A. Dzialynskil

ines strily Mash. 138 L Bay St


"Green River"

Tennessee Whisky



Jacksonville, Fla.

Ship your Produce to

A. J. Bucky & Co.

Commission Merchants
Prompt Retun.
Proper Attenton

that Florida has not a greater number
of inhabitants is because its virtues and
opportunities are not generally known. It
is true that for years we have had a
large influx of winter visitors, but they
are hereto enjoy our delightful climate,
the hunting, jfling and the natural and
artificial beauties so abundantly found
throughout the State-these people are
well supplied with cash and have no
special interest in the investigation of
our facilities for MAKING a living, but,
we gladly welcome all such, knowing
there is room and that many such will
finally make homes with us where declin-
ing days may be spent in the placid en-
joyment of life surrounded by every com-
fort necessary to promote happiness with
the certainty that should adversity assail
them in declining age, their investments
here have appreciated sufficiently to in-
sure comfort and independence. To the
man in less affluent circumstances the
outlook is more than encouraging-it is
a certainty. On our vacant lands when
properly drained and protected from for-
est fires-both of which may be done
cheaply not to exceed one dollar per acre,
wd have a quick growth of pine forest
which in twenty years is worth two dol-
lars per acre per annum without any
expenses for improvement whatever, and
in addition to this revenue he has the
entire benefit for pastureage.
The peninsula of Florida is the natural
route from the large Eastern cities to
the Panama canal, which fact alone will
enhance values and promote the pron-
perity of all who may have landed in-
vestments-in fact, we begin already to
feel the effects of this great enterprise
which must result in great things for the
entire country and for Florida more than
any State.
The prudent man seeking small in-
vestments will come to Florida and grow
up with the country-we must have two
million more inhabitants and we can
have, if we make the proper eflort to
make known our many advantag'i.
In my next I will tell how we may
secure this desired immigration.

Home Circle
(Continued from Sixth Page)
the good things and helpful things, that
they know about. Only selfish people
keep their good things to themselves,
and I am sure Our Home Circlers are
not of that class.

We haven't had much to say on this
subject recently-not because the coun-
ty doesn't need them, but we were wait-
ing to see what such an intelligent body
as1 our recent grand jury would present
on. this line. These gentlemen "suggest
and recommend to our Board of County
Commissioners that they take such steps
as in their judgment would be wise and
prudent to provide the ways and means
of improving the conditions of our pub-
liHe highways, looking to the establish-
mnent throughout the country of a sys-
tem of good hard-surface roads."
In other words, the County Commis-
sioners would be justified in securing
the services of an engineer to make a
road map for the county, showing pres-
ent roads and how these road could he
straightened and main roads built north
and south, east and west, with lateral
roads running to the "big" roads. An
approximate estimate could be made of
coot, and then the people would have
something tangible to act on. The flat
woods roads in Florida only need to be
drained and "thrown up" properly. This
would not cost $100 per mile. It's the
sandy roads that might cost $500 per
mile-may be a little more.
We confidently expect the board, in
the face of the recommendation of the
grand jury, to take up this matter and
have an estimate made.-Index.
Stark offers the finest field in the
State for tie opening of a livestock and
wagon and buggy business. Bradford
county farmers annually produce half a
million dollars' worth of money erop,
and they want rod gtok and shioh.
An1 -erpisinuu am1wit a reaaomsb
MO 4MM doaIN -can I h
WpHtal ooHule do a lid Td ahmas
hm la t Ul...-.Bradford Telgrap.

Strong and Enduring
Old Hickory and
White Hickory

The Easy riding, light
well wearing

Columbus Buggies

Are sold in

Jacksonville, Florida


McMurray &

verythmig in
L- wod

G. Muller & Co.
P. 0. hIx CI
Jaksoenvllle, Florida


Duval Rye, XX, per gal $1.50
Duval Rye, XXX, pe gal 2.(0)
Old Geo., per gal 2.(X)
Monogram, per gal 2.X)
Premium, per gal. 2.00
Cherokee' per gal 2.25
Callagher & Burton, per gal 3.50
0. L. Adams, per gal 4.)
Old Columbia, per gal .. 4.1)0
Lord Baltimore, per gal .)

Now England, per gal ..
Jamaica, per gal .
Jamaica, Imported, per gal .

run' ng,



loan and Bay Sts.
JacGksoville, f!.


Kula.helmer Clothes
fad e me wea
Crawford Shoes
Tu e Las t Laow
SHIrtN 'tIl
MHa Ords PnMp d y rem py
Lohed After

Jaokonvllle, FIl

The Citizens Bank

11. 1)01 -
11. MANN -

. 1'rvsifdet
Vice 1Presdent
Vice l'resliloit
. (Cashier

Offers to depmitore eovry facility con-
sistent with safe and nwnHervative hank-
ing, insuring absolute security.
4 Per odht mu WMINl, paid

-VIHBd NmIL -mo OwllK
Cor. Bridge & Bay, Jacksonville, Fla.

1 .7

Be sure to enclose either Postofncel or
Exproe Money Order
Tra with uM oens yNIU
trade wi th -s aw as- a's M

Studebaker Wagons
Florence Wagon
Babcock Buggies




Vehid Emporium and
ln r 1 -9

John N. C. Stockton
*HMMl- -^w^B^P*w inuu^y^y ^^^~
Thm. ^ bsw^b~ ^^^^ ussU .n
aid ^^^M^^^bwi^-^1- ^RSM ^ -HI









The second contest for our $100 old Prize will take place in Jacksonville at the Pu Fbesot box
to be held January 4th to 18th, 1906, The prizes offered are as follows: $100 in g for second best;box
of orange; $80 f1r second best; $25 for third best; $50 for best box grape fruit, $2 for sebest;
$10 for third best. For full particulars, address, ,

Inf f TM



29 East Bay St. Iadisonville. Fila.


i Wi .--- 61

1N S S



Mail Orders Solicited

.-.-. W W W V u 6w5 Uw %0 WiLDona. a 66 1M I.6.LWI -We ........
I -I- .--

Everything that Horses Pull or Wear, Mules Too

Carried in Stock by


Vehicle and Harness


Cedar and Forsyth


- - Jacksonville,





Farm Wagons




Heavy Harness for Turpentine Camps

a hobby



We have the


Prompt Shipment

is another hobby

which we Ride to Death







Cor. Cedar and Forsyth Streets, Jacksonville, Florida



We can Sell Your Farm or Business
Hundreds ofHomeeeekers are moving to Florida now and will never know of your
a being fbr ale unless listed with a Live Real EstateFirm W ae members of
9 ,National Mt&%l EM sA xge, ad ou tr -y wil be listed with over 1,500
uts"throughout the West.


0. Painter









0Zejr COO

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