Group Title: sun.
Title: The sun
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 Material Information
Title: The sun
Uniform Title: sun
Sun (Jacksonville, Fla.)
Physical Description: 2 v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Sun Co.
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Publication Date: November 18, 1905
Frequency: weekly
Subject: Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Tallahassee (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Leon County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Leon -- Tallahassee
United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.451667 x -84.268533 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Nov. 18, 1905)-v. 3, no. 47 (Sept. 12, 1908).
Numbering Peculiarities: Published at Tallahassee, Fla., June 23-Sept. 12, 1908.
General Note: Claude L'Engle, editor.
General Note: "If it's right, we are for it."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075914
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 33400104
lccn - sn 95047216
 Related Items
Other version: Morning sun (Tallahassee, Fla.)
Succeeded by: Dixie (Jacksonville, Fla.)

Full Text




A Weekly Paper of
,Cartoon and Comment

Volume 1-No. 1



If It's gwht f
i if We Inre For It









. *-


0000000 1





NXD y u VVIWi4


A Weekly Paper of
Cartoon and Comment

y It's JMghtr
S0 if We Are


18. 1.W ..

Single Gopy 5 Gents


- 9
r aI

F t
for It

eoooooe I

I I I I \\\\\Nl


. Editor Cartoonist

Volume I-No. I JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA, NOVEMBER 18, 1905 5 Cents per Copy, $2 per Year
Application made at the Post Office in Jacksonville, Fla., for admission to the mails as second-clae matter
Cover Cartoon .......................A. K. Taylor A Sure Eough Killing.................... The Sun Florida Farming.................. ...W. E. Pabor
Pardoning of Criminals.........Gov. N. B. Browme] Editorials.........................Claude L'Engle Femininity and Home Circle........ Helen Harcourt
Seen by The Sun........ ...................By Us Does Florida Need Immigration?...Jno. H. Stephens Opinions of Our Florida Brothers..................
Clearing Up a Fog.....................The Editor Florlda Fish.......................J. T. Detwiler

Is the amount we will invest in our 1905-1906 Catalogue, describing every
class of Furniture. If you are interested in finding out how to get cut prices
on this class of goods, send for a Catalogue to

John A. Cunningham, acksonville, Fla.

A 'T' TI E present prices,
uriiing (Oils are being
sold inl tl iJacksonville terri-
tory for less than the Inde-
pendent lefiners could obtain
for their crude product at the
Wells. Why ? Because the
Slide is so well greased. A
great many of our friends are
" Pushing," hut they could
push a little harder by getting
their neighbors who are NOT
pushing to join in the work.
It's up to the Retail Merchant
to keep the hall rolling. What
we want is your orders for
RED "( C" 01 L, absolutely
independent of all trust.

Sr BF Sr
Sr Sr Sr


Burning Oil Cylinder Oil0 A" a
Engine 011 Maohlne Oil
Car Brease Dope
anl any other kind of Lubruiat
Ing Oil manufactured

United Grocery Coi
Jadcsonville, Florida

Agnts for The Red "C" Oil Manufacturing


Co., Baltimor d.




November 18, 1905






Dy His Excellency


Governor qf Florida


thndent and physician of a Georgia State sanitarium
for the insane; and l)r. I). J. Rodgers, speeialist on
imentalt diseases at leidsville, (an.; Dr. 11. I). Allan.
ini:nity expert and superintendent Allan's Invalid
ll iame., eidsville, (Ot.; I)r. I,. M. Jones, assistant
pli.ysichian, (orgia State Sianitarium; Dr. I). Al.
.\Andileron of .iaspr, and manvny citizens of the town
of Minnii, thit, memlerst of this hoard are of the con-i
clusion that the said James 0. Williams wis iniane
when lie committed this murder, and in now insane.
and upon these grounds Ihe granted a 'conditional
pardon,' upon the condition that he hereafter lead
ai soler, peaiteable and law-abiding life, failing in
which the Sheriff of any county is to rearrest hiin
and return him to the State prison for the period
of his natural life.
"Therefore, he it known, that the said James 0.
Willimusiin i hereby granted a conditional pardon
upmn thie stiipultion mentioned and enumerated
"In t.stiitniony wliereof, we have, at the capital,
in Tialihnhassee, hIereunto Met our hands this 2(0th
day of July, 11O05..
"N. II. liROWARn, governor ;
"II. ('LAY CRAwFORD, Sec. State;
"A. (. COMm, Comptroller;
"iT. E. MclIN, Coin. of Agr."
Among the facts presented to the Board of Par-
dons in the foregoing pardon were good character,

-- HE subject of pardons has been discussed
somewhat of late by several newspapers
in this State. The sentiment expressed
in the greater number of articles written upon the
subject in these several newspapers was of the
"hang them all," or "keep them to the last day of
sentence" order, if that sentence be less than the
death sentence, the general inclination of the lpa'ers
being to criticise adversely the State Board of Par-
Those who have no connection with matters of
great importance, therefore, having no responsibility
upon them, quite frequently discuss lightly very im-
portant matters, and express opinions that they
would not express if they were burdened with re-
sponsibility and had knowledge of the subject of
which they write. The several
newspapers, or their editors, rather,
should have very great responsi-
bility in the very nature of things.
To be the editor of a newspalwr
is to occupy a position that is sup-
losed, or ought to be, a high and
lofty one; and the editor ought to
give expression to a high public
sentiment, or try to mould public
sentiment upon a higher plane, if
the plane is not already high. We
are afflicted with a sprinkling of
'editors who sell editorial for o
much an inch, sentiment thrown in.
Some of our people are not aware
of this, and take for granted that
the writings of such scribblers are
founded on fact, that they are
the writings of some wise man-
wiser than themselves. Did the
people know that these newspaper
writers did not investigate the
matter of which they write at all,
they would not be so credulous.
We will cite the instance of the
conditional pardon granted to Mr.
James 0. Williams. The paper
that made the most noise about it
and objected most to the action of
Pardoning Board, had a corre-
spondent in Tallahassee, Mr. W. B.
Crawford, who not only has the
ability, but the inclination to seek
information, and with that infor-
mation open to the public, this
newspaper did not instruct him to
investigate in any manner what-
ever. I assert this simply for the
reason that he did not investigate,
and I know that he would have
investigated had he been asked
to do so.
Mr. Williams was granted a /
conditional pardon in the follow-
ing language:
"Whereas, at a meeting this
day held at the capitol. in the city
of Tallahassee, at which was pre4-
ent his Excellency, N. B. Brow- .
ard, Governor of said State; IT. ,*
Clay Crawford, Secretary of State;
A. C. Croom, Comptroller; 13. E.
McLin, Commissioner of Agricul-
ture, who, under the Constitution
of said State, have full power to
remit fines and forfeitures, com-
mute punishments and grant par-
dons after convictions, it was deter- S
mined that the said James 0.
Williams, who was convicted at the spring term,
A. D. 1902, of the Circuit Court in nnd for Dade
County. Fla., to-wit: on the 5th day of June. A. D.
1902, of the crime of 'murder in the first degree,'
and recommended to the mercy of the court, and
sentenced therefore to the State prison for the period
of his natural life. should not, upon the recommenda-
tion of the Supervisor of State Convicts, and of ten
members of the jury who convicted him, and of sev-
eral members of the grand jury who found the
indictment, and of a strong petition from leading
and representative citizens from this State and Geor-
gia; and from the recommendation and opinion of
Dr. 8. H. Blitch, State Prison Physician, and Dr.
H. O. Snow of Floral City and Dr. O. H. Alexander
of R.sUfle, OGa4 and Dr. T. 0. Powell, superia:

charge he was, that he was insane before lihe retuirnue
to Florida; that he was turned out of the avisi,4 i
on furlough, excerpts of which testimony, letters,
ialidavits and commitment to asylum, as printed-,
Testimony of Dr. 11. D. AlIen, Superintendent of
Allan's Invalid Hiome:
Q. What is your profession? A. A physician.
Q. Do you make a specialty of tny branch of
your profession? A. I have for the ilst ten ye.irs.
Q. What is that specialty? A. Nervous anid
inmintl diseases.
Q. Have you made a special study of menntal dis
aises? A. 4or the past ten years I have. 1 own
it snnitriunm to care for and treat nervous and nai-.
til diseases. My asylum is not in connection with
the State asylum of Georgia.
Q. Do you know J.ames 0. Willinms? A. I do.
Q. l)id you ever treat him for any disease. A.
Yv'e, sir. I dhl.
Q. Where was that? A. It was at my honim
in lhuldwin County, (ha.
Q. Was this at your infirmary A. At mny in
firiiiary. yes, sir.
Q. l)id you make a thorough diagnosis of his
ease? .\. Yes, sir, I did.
Q. low Iong did you treat him? A. I trei tn-l
him from thie '21st day of Jlune to the :hd day of No.
vemlHwr, I think. I saw him twice daily almonsl, tIl
entire time he was with ime
som.eilm s oftewner.
Q. WVhen f, left .y',u ho wa s
taken to the Stit t iiisyulin? .\.
Ye's, si'r.
(. i)id iyoIu ste him whihl. ho
was ill the State asylluim? \A. I
never did; nt, sir.
(.. Q. Now, dotor. Just stai ,te whli,
you found him nlalieted with, and1
the nature of his Itilliction. A. My
udiignosis of his eatse wits aniitc,
delusions of Insannity, with well-
nlmarked imperi lillve i e'tms.
Q. Now, ji st explli whait,
that is; give it to ils ine lllit'ieI
States, it other words. A\. Well,
Mir, iteuito delhitions o tf ilie iit 'y i j
mwhlIre ita nin is inisiwie aill
troubled or nillieted with,
an1d strong, well-mnarkiied or inspr-
itive idellS.
Q. Was he really Inmane, or
was he just spasmodically so? A.
lie was really insane; there's no
doubt about that.

State of Gehorgha-TIattnal County.
SPersona llv came before ine, .1.
L DeLooeh, C'lerk of the Superior
Court, l)r. 0. ,. Alexander, who,
a practicing physician of twenty-
\sewven years' experience,. and that
during said time has had experi-
S neo in the treatment of nervous
and insane diseases; that he has
made personal examination of
S James 0. Williams during and
since his recent trial at Miami,
S Fla.. and that the said JTames 0.
Williams is insane and not capable
of realizing the gravity of the
crime with which he is convicted,
and that said insanity is of a per-
manent and continuing type, being
a chronic disease of the mind.
This affidavit in made to he
used in the trial of the said James
0. Williams for lunacy, in Dade
County, Fla., now pending.
0. L. ALKXANDSn, M. D.
Sworn and subscribed before me
"- this 2d day of June, 1902.
(Seal.) J. L. DiLooN,
Clerk S. C. T. C., Ga.
MI? Dr. Alexander was the Will-
iams' family physician. He ap-
peared before the Board of Pardons, as did also Dr.
t. 0. Snow of Floral City. Dr. Alexander stated
that he treated Mr. Williams after he had fever in
Miami, and that after jumping out of a window
in Miami, with fever on him, he was taken home to
Georgia, and that he treated him there. He further
stated that he was a man of excellent habits, one of
the very best sons to his father and mother, and that
he went from his home to the asylum. Dr. H. 0.
Snow of Floral City said that he was undoubtedly
Dr. L. M. Jones, assistant physician, Georgia
State Sanitarium. represented to the Board of Par-
dons that Mr. Williams was treated in the Georga
(Continued on Tenth Page)

which was well established before the Board of Par-
dons, where it was shown that lie was a splendid
son, affectionate to his parents; that he held a posi-
tion as private secretary to McGuire & McDonald
while they were building the Colonial Hotel at Nas-
sau. Mr. McDonald writes a letter to this effect.
stating that Mr. Willians was greatly esteemed by
him. There are letters from Miami, showing that he
later worked there, and these letters show him to
IbN a man of high character, much appreciated by
all who employed him, and by the many who knew
him: it is further shown that he had fever while
in Miami. went home to Georgia, and was sent to
the State Sanitarium for the It is clearly
shown by letters written by Ck nor Terrell of
eorga sand by aldiVte of phy la, in whoo



November 18, 1




A Board of Trade in Live Oak has been organind,
with W. J. Hillman, unanimously chosen, to lead this
business movement.

Live Oak continues to furnish news to the many
everywhere who are interested In the progress of
this growing city of Suwannee County.

The County Commissioners of Suwannee have de-
cided to advertise for bids on forty miles of road.
The contract is to be let early in December.

George B. Cluett of Troy, N. Y., will build a
$50,000 handsome winter home at Palm Beach. This
expenditure is exclusive of the elaborate furnishings.

The Suwannee County Medical Society, at its
next meeting, Monday, December 4, will give an en-
tertainment, to which all doctors in the Third Ju-
dicial circuit will be invited.

Early in the week fire destroyed the building in
which the Daily Democrat Jad its outfit. The own.
ers, with admirable enterprise, have not missed get-
ting out a single issue of the paper.

The County Commissioners of Suwannee have es-
tablished a free ferry at Branford, on the Suwannee
river. This innovation will greatly aid the business
of the firms established at Branford.

The Board of County Commissioners of Dade
County, at its recent meeting at Miami, awarded
the care and control of the county convicts to the
superintendent of roads. This action caused a clash
with Sheriff Frohock. The attorney of the board
upheld the right of the commissioners' action.

The many friends of Prof. Frank Elsey through.
out the State will regret to learn that ill health has
compelled him to resign from his position as Super-
intendent of Public Instruction for Duval County..
The Gainesville meeting of the State Educational
Board of Control will be held December 11, when bids
will bhe opened for the construction of the university
Many improvements have been made by Mr. Grom
at the Ocala postoffice. Mail can now be obtained
on Sunday by calling at the postoffloe. Additional
lock boxes have been put in recently. The interior
of the postoffloe has been repainted. Mr. Crom has
been the recipient of many niae compliments from
the business people of Ocala on the manner of the
service he Is giving the patrons of the postof`oe.

At a recent meeting of the Florida East Coast
Automobile Association, held at the rooms of the
Halifax River Yacht Club, at Daytona, N. A. Lewis
of Fargo, N. D., and George Seebring of Seebring,
0., were elected to the board of directors. They, to-
gether with S. H. Gove, form a racing board to work
in conjunction with a board from Ormond. The
association, which is in a flourishing condition, with
over $2,000 in the treasury, now has a total mem-
oership of 139.

Wednesday, at the noon hour, the State Fair at
Tampa was opened to the public. The greatest in-
terest has been shown in this event everywhere in
the State, especially so in the southern portion of
Florida, and as a result thousands of visitors are
now in Tamp, with thousands more to go there to
see the exteive and varied displays. The Range
will be replete with first-olass attractions of enter-
t aUinment and amuement
Ocala reports the largest land transaction con-
mumnnated there. 0. Lewis of Baltimore, to-
gether with Harvey Granger of Savannah and X.
P. Rents of Dublin, Ga., paid $360,000 for property
whieh included the sawmill property at 811ver
Springs, the timber lands of Hodges & OTHaro,
OHasro & Russell and Welnkle & Sons, containing
several thousand seres C. B. Stillwell of Savannah
i now incharge of the property, and win be It.

At Plant fy the M uaupl uetim was M
of the qu1 5 em hl" its atW dV leeWa s
a t M A M Y I
a ftby tM sd wl ittlemi A TMaf6% tel, 7
Hk~teUljm tbjnI The wha^ er

resulted in the m of the following: Mayor, G.
B. Wells; Ooreasurer and Assessor, W. L.
Lowry; Marhad Collector, J. W. Whitehurst;
Councilmen, JmBrsanh, 8. E. Mays, E. J. De-
Vane, J. W. Hd J. L. ausey.

All indisatioint to a larger business on the
Florida East Odallway during the coming win-
ter than ever b and the railway company has
prepared to bait, ays the St. Augustine Roe-
ord. The rollink has emerged from the shops
in as good oondas when new. The locomotives,
have been disnred and every piece received(
repairs when nry. For several weeks pest
these engines been turned out of the shops at
the rate of oneek, and soon the last of them
will be again o0 rails and in the pink of condi-
tion. Many of oaches have been repainted and(
upholstered. Thiw sleepers and ten new coaches,.
each 70 feet love also been ordered and will
arrive shortly, lition to which six new express.
coaches will sh added to the equipment. The
Florida East Coailway has developed like magic,
and now ranks g the very best in the country.
The service is passed, and traveling on this
road is robbed discomfort.
Investigation the methods adopted and fol-
lowed by insurtcompanies--the big concerns--
continues, withy startling as well as sensa-
tional revelatioznd the end is not yet. Policy-
holders do not l"where they are at." In many
sections of theitry mass meetings of policy-
holders have bold. Jacksonville has made its.
debut, if not welat, yet with a determination
to get results. ie meeting held last Tuesday it.
was resolved tl committee of five, of which
the chairman ti meeting, Capt. Charles E.
Garner, be the man, be appointed to consider
the advisabilityppointing one or more proxies.
to the annual ings of the representative in-
surance companhd to devise a plan for a per-
manent organiuof policy-holders of the State
of Florida, andirovide for a fair distribution
of the expense oi action as may be agreed upon,
said committee port to a meeting of policy-
holders called b3chairman of this meeting. The.
members of the iittee will request the cooper.
tion of life innv policy-holders throughout the
State with thisnittee.

Not only dodliam Randolph Hearst of New'
York City wani lid off as regards the recent;
election and theged fraud committed in New'
York City, but all indications he is going to'
have the lid offney has been put up in plenty'
as rewards for nce which will result in the'
arrest, convietiol imprisonment of any guilty'
of election frauMr. Hearst's counsel has filed&
protest against action that three members of
the aldermanle i of canvassers shall consti-
tute a quorum contests and comparisons. The,
board consists onty-nine Democrats and eight
Republicans andonists.

While Floridiarantine against New Orleans.
has been ralse strict quarantine is still on
against Penmsoooughout the State which will,
no doubt, be rafiortly. Savannah has declared
off all quarantlitrictions. Pensacola has passed
through a mostig period, with a future that
shows a good bu outlook for the coming winter
Maco. Ti pro for the Deep Water City are
bright, and heuiness men and citiens will
redouble their aown Interest in the city's
development andres to an extent that will more
than recoup thee sustained during the paist

Oounel for Casuie L. Chadwick has an-
nounced that a ill be submitted to the Supreme
Court of the Uniates to obtain a review of Mrs.
Chadwick'es. Chadwick. who is in a highly
nervous condltkoclares that she did no more
in her dealing the Oberlin Bank than what
bnInes dry day-overdraw their bank

S mt

SLady Floremw e has passed away at her
hiew, Glen Sta a, Dm frleshire, sotland.
wma~ r hem inmU a WAlmin

to writing many books, she acted as war oorre.
pondent during the Boer War of 1880-81. In the
field in South Africa she cheerfully shared all hard-

British Prime Minister Balfour, at a recent
banquet in the Guildhall, in an optimistic speech,
predicted a rule of peace.
S* 0 *
Active work continues everywhere in the United
States in raising funds for the prompt relief of the
Jewish victims of Russian massacres.
Jay Gould's daughter, Countess Castellane, may
be the first lady of France, as there are chances of
Count Castellane being the successor of Loubet.

Brigadier General Frank D. Baldwin, in his an-
nual report to the War Department, says he is
convinced that physical training is as important and
necessary to the soldier as is target practice. Success
in the latter, he contends, depends upon the proper
application of the former.
Jubilant citizens of Philadelphia recently enthu-
siastically celebrated the great victory won by the
city party at the elections, which victory meant the
fall of the gang. Work of reform will go on, though
it Is realized that many hard battles are yet to be

Baron Speck von Sternberg, the German Ambas-
sador, has handed Secretary of State Root a note
requesting the United States to conclude a reci-
procity treaty with Germany. This is a step neces-
sary to prevent a trade war. Secretary Root will
soon return a formal answer.
Prince Louis of Battenberg, rear admiral of the
British navy, is being entertained in a manner be-
coming one of royal blood while a visitor to this
country. The Prince has shown himself to be demo-
cratic in his manners and unaffected in his inter-
course with men. He prefers to be addressed as
admiral, rather than to be celebrated as Prince.
S* 0
Hon. Charles Scott of Rosedale, Miss., who while
abroad made a special study of the Italian farmer,
says that we must look to Europe for the agricul-
tural labor of which the South is sorely in need. The
Italian laborer, he means, and prefers for cotton
plantations the Italian "farmer" from northern or
central Italy. He says they have in them the mak-
ing of good American citizens. An important point
on which he dwells is that these Italian immigrants
should be brought direct to South Atlantic ports,
and not via New York.
News comes from New York that the establish.
ment of the American National Theater is an accom-
plished fact. Heinrich Conreld will be the director
of the institution, for which a fund of $3,000,000
has been established by a coterie of wealthy men.
New York is also to have a new water supply which
will require $161,000,000 to complete. Another big
expenditure will be that of $9,000,000 by the New

the world.

A new textile plant has recently been discovered
in Yucatan. Its native name is "Chirinllja." It
has bulbous roots, with leaves of a light green color,
and the plant grows about three feet in one year
from planting. One thousand leaves produce ten
pounds of fiber. Figured out to an acreage, 200,000
leaves can be plucked, making 400 pounds of a fiber
whose quality is Maid to be equal to that obtained
from sisal hemp, and is produced quicker and cheaper.
A new disease of the peanut plant has shown itself
in foreign parts, especially in German East Africa,
where this nut is cultivated to a large extent as a
comercal rodce Th dieas a earint fungu

oommerial produce. The disease apears in fungu
shape, causing reddish-brown spots on the leaves,
which later on oageM to black. Its effect is to re
tard growth of Iaves, bloesoms and tubers, and
tally kills the plant. The esau has not yet been
found out but the report myp "it is possible tat the
diee lib te Bomle disMSe of the tobacco plant
W M 6 iM % b 40e 10 WA U116




Nevomber 18, 1905





Some, Testimony On Ways That Are Dark--Showing Why the Sun Died

By CLAVE L'ENGLE, Editor of The Sun

Under this title will be pmrented, as briefly as
possible, some testimony bearing on the RICEAL
CAUSE of the suspension of the Daily Florida Sun,
of which the writer was founder and editor, and in
which he was a LARGE INvAYrrOR OF CASH.
For this unfolding of the truth many reasons
can be urged.
Agans the unfolding there is one objection.
,Hre ar some of the reasons:
First-An entirely wrong impression prevails
among some few people about the suspension of the
Daly Florida Sun, because of the false statements
Ma4e by its BUSINESS rival (for in no other way
was a rivalry manifested) the Metropolis.
Second-The people are entitled to know the
truth about the Daily Florida Sun, because the peo-
ple had a property in a newspaper that was con-
ducted on lines of fearless independence, coupled
with bold advocacy of the rights of the people, and
on these lines the Sun was conducted from the flrst
issue to the last one appearing under the writer's
editorial guidance.
Third-Unless the truth be known and it be
shown that the Daily Florida Sun was NOT A FAIL-
URE, there is small chance that capitalists will
venture money in another afternoon newspaper in
Jacksonville, which will be a calamity, for it will
leave Florida's chief city WITHOUT AN AFTER-
NOON DAILY worthy of the high and honorable
Fourth-It appears, from the evidence that is
,now in the writer's possession, that a cowardly and
* dastardly trick was played on Mr. P. L. Sutherland,
president of the Daily Florida Sun, by W. R. Carter,
*editor of the Metropolis, aimed at the destruction
*of Mr. Sutherland's business interests and the
: assassination of his character.
Fifth-Facts to be presented on this page point
Ito that MOST DESPICABLE of all characters, HE
jBLACKMAILER, as having his abode among the
:good people of this community and relying on his
very power to wield his shameful bludgeon, for his
immunity from the fate such hell-service deserves.
Sixth-This necessary exposure and timely in-
formation can be made in no other way.
Enough of reasons, though there are more that
meem good
HBei is the objection. Come to think of it, there
are two instead of one:
The first one is that the world has no patience
With a man with a grievance if that grievance is
paraded. So it is with papers. Grievances belong
un the same place as do family skeletons.
The second objection is that the press has been
dt late so full of the exhibition of festering sores
on the body politic, the business and the social[ world,
not lightly be undertaken.
Casting the reasons and the objections in the
mental balance the beam has tipped far over to the
pan containing the reasons; so the evidence is sub-
Before presenting the evidence an explanation, an
apology and a promise seem to be in order.
The explanation is contained in the statement
That Mr. P. L. Sutherland was not only not Impor-
Stuned to put money into the Daily Florida Sun, he
\was NOT EVEN ASKED to do so.
The apology is due the public, because of the
setting before-ft of so foul a dish.
The promise is that this is the only time it will
The served up. After this presentation of facts that
indicate the TRUE CAUSE of the suspension of the
Daily Florida Sun, no more of the sayings and do-


With a helping hand and a welcome for all
Who wish to be friendly and make us a call{
With words of good counsel for old friends, and new,
Who come to us seeking the best way to do.
Questions of general interest will be answered
through these columns. Personal inquiries will be
answered by mail, when accompanied by a stamp
for reply. .
Subscribers are cordially invited to take a seat
in Our. Cosy Corner and exchange views, experiences,
and recipes of mutual benefit, remembering who has
said to us "Help ye one another." Communications
intended for publication must be brief, clearly writ-
ten, and only on one side of the paper, and signed
l by the true name of the writer, though not for pub-
Ilication, unless so requested.
All matter relating to this department should be
addressed to "Editor Oir Home Circle, The Sun,
Leesburg, Lake County, Pla."
Here is something that will interest our brothers.

Somi who hs tried It ray

wings of W. t. Carter and his publishing assodates
(except now and then, the customary foolih ones)
will appear in these columns.
Here is the testimony gathered by an attorney
who was employed by the writer to go over Mr.
Carter's trial in the town of Dawson, Ga.s
The testimony takes the form of letters, written
to an attorney whom this journal sent to Dawson,
Ga., as before stated, to find out why Mr. Carter
made a visit there last May.
it was the intention to PRINT THE LETTERS
IN FULL, but after reading them over carefully
and foreseeing the injury the publication of their
ENTIRE contents would do Mr. Butherland, who has
the writer's sympathy in the attack made on him
by Mr. Carter, the letters will be referred to only
as they tend to prove Mr. Carter's turpitude. The
letters can be produced if necessary.
One of the letters is signed by the proprietor of
a hotel in Dawson, Ga., and states that W.RI. Carter
of Jacksonville, Fla., registered at the hotel May
11, 1905.
Another letter is from the office of the clerk of the
court located in Dawson, and states that W. R. Car-
ter applied for and got from the Sheriff a CERTI-
FIED COPY OF THE RECORD of a certain case
against P. L. Sutherland which was prepared against
8utherland about fifteen years ago.
Another letter is signed by J. R. Mercer, presi-
dent of one of the Dawson banks, and states that
some time during May of this year a man was intro-
duced to him as W. R. Carter of Jacksonville, Fla.;
that Carter asked him for information about P. L.
Sutherland, telling him that he wanted the informa-
tion because Sutherland was about to aenga in busi-
ness with some of his (Carter's) frien and he
wanted to protect those friends; that on this repre-
sentation, he gave Carter information about Suther-
land's record In Dawson.
Another letter is from Dr. Cheatham of Dawson,
and states that Carter asked him for information
about Sutherland's record in Dawsona that Carter
told him that he did not want this information for
prosecution or persecution, but for BUSINESS REA-
The fourth letter is from Editor Raney of Daw-
son, and states that Carter told him that he was in
Dawson for the purpose of looking up Sutherland's
In order to dispel any doubt in the minds of
the most skeptical, that these letters can be produced,
the following telegrams are exhibited. They were
procured for this very purpose.
The gentlemen whose names are signed to the tele-
grams were sent a message signed by Mr. H. E. Bow-
den, the attorney employed for the Carter unmasking,
in which they were asked to confirm the giving of
letters to him about Carter's inquiries about P. L.
Here are the replies, sent through the Western
Union Telegraph Company:
"Dawson, Ga., Nov. 16, 1908.-H. E. Bowden,
Jacksonville: I gave you letter mentioned, and
stated only facts. W. B. CHUATrAM."
"Dawson, Ga., Nov. 10, 1905.-H. E. Bowden,
Jacksonville: I wrote you letter explaining Carter's
inquiries about Sutherland. J. LR M0acn."
When the writer met Mr. Carter on Bay Street
in this city one day last month, and accused him of
blackmailing Mr. Sutherland, Carter said that he
simply went to Dawson TO GET INFORMATION
about Mr. Sutherland, but that he did not use it.



Conducted by Helen Harcourt

many years ago that wood could be made to last
longer than iron in the ground, but thought the
process so simple and inexpensive that it was not
worth while making a stir about it. I would as
soon have yellow pine or bay as any other kind of
timber for fence posts. After having been seven
years in the ground they were as sound when taken
out as when they were first put in. Time and
weather seem to have no effect on them. The posts
can be prepared for less than 2 cents apiece. This is
the recipe: Take boiled linseed oil and stir It in
pulverized charcoal to the ouneistiney of paint. Put
a coat of this over the timber, and there is not a
man who will live to see it rot,

Everyone loves the beautiful, dainty hyacinth,
but not everyone knows how to have a lovely bed
of them coming on to bloom in the spring. li this
mild Southern climate the bulbs may be planted in
October or November out of doors, with the full
assurance that with proper ear the result will be
an exquisite bed of fragrant flower eiy in the
spring. Fulligrown blbs, that ano four ive year
old, wil blooa bette than may thers. After thi
ar hyacinth mumMay bh I s duia. l q d M116

"I dbsevurd

Why select Mr. Sutherland? There are a thou-
sand other former Georgians who are citizen of
Jacksoeville. Why hunt up the record of any man
not aroused' of crime?
Mr. Carter was then told that Charlie Jones
Mr. Carter in getting this information, and his
Charlie Jones said to Mr. A. K. Taylor, in the
presence of A. F. Lovering of Tampa, J. 11. Rtese.
of Savannah, Albert J. Dillon and the writer, that
Carter went to Georgia, got up a story on Sutheir-
land, went to Mr. H. A. McEachern's oloice with it,
and there discussed with Mr. McEachern thet "Al)
VISABILITY" of publishing it. "AND TilAT,'
Charlie Jones afterwards repeated to the writer
what he said in the presence of others, and otffered
PAPERS, that Carter brought from Dawson, Ga.,
if the writer would promise not to summon him as
a witness in a suit le was contemplating bringing
against Sutherland, giving as a reason for thie re-
quest that he did not want to be put in a bad
ght to Carter.
The promise was not given.
This was also told by the writer to Carter, who
answered: "You mustn't take too much stock int
what Charlie says. I'll see Charlie about this."
This article does not accuse Carter of blackmail-
ing Sutherland; it simply gives some facts and the
testimony of Charles E. Jones, an employee of Cir-
ter's, as to what was done with the Information
Carter got in Georgia.
Charlie Jones' testimony is that of ONE witness.
Two are required by law unless circumstantial evi-
dence be so strong that witnesses are not necessary.
The circumstantial evidence and Charlie Jones'
testimony has been herein submitted.
In this connection it may be interesting to note
W. It. Carter's opinion of a blackmailer. Here it is:
Editorial printed in The Metropolis September,
22, 1905:
"The day of so-called personal journalism has
passed, and it cannot be revived, because the Ameri-
can people do not indorse the dirty and disreputable
methods that are resorted to by unprincipled scoun-
drels, who, through a desire for sensationalism or
for the purpose of blackmail, make vicious attacks
on private citizens and public officials, when there
is nothing to justify the same.
"W. C. Brann, in his Iconoclast, after years of
this sort of business, fell a victim to the bullet of an
outraged Texan, who was defending the honor and
virtue of young ladies attending a Baptist seminary.
"The Atlanta Looking Glass, another dirty sheet,
met with its reverses, as its blackmailing schemes
would not be tolerated by an indignant public.
"Jacksonville has suffered from a sheet of this
kind. It was the Sunday Call, whose editor, F. 1 .
May, under pretext of correcting evils, published
articles exoeedingly filthy, 90 per cent of which were
the result of imagination. This man May, on account
of his immoral conduct, was forced to leave the city.
"Jacksonville has had a period of rest from assan-
sins of character of this kind. The people of Jack-
sonville have profited by experience, and they demand
in newspapers a record of actualities faithfully told.
They care not for the grievances of a personal nature,
and despite the blackmailer and moral leper whose
evil mind leads to channels that are nauseating."


into offsets, or shrine* in size, or diminish in strength.
When you are buying bulbs-hyacinth bulbs eslp-
oially-be sure to buy only from a florist who im-
ports thy best Holland bulbs. This is the case with
nearly all the well-known florists who deal largely
in bulbs. It is a curious fact that owing, it in sup-
posed, to some peculiarity in the soil of Holland,
the same hyacinth bulb has been known to produce
blossoms for twelve or thirteen years, and then they
die only from accident or disease, for a Holland bulb,
in Holland, has never been known to die of old age,
as ours in America certainly do.
The bed in which the bulbs are to be placed
should have a dry and sheltered location, where the
air will blow freely across it. Fully two-thirds of
the surface soil should be removed and the remainder
trenched to a depth of ten inches, or thereabouts.
Then this soil that has been dismissed In disgraee
should be replaced by a compost of one-third coarse
sand, one-fourth rotten cow manure, and the balance
of good leaf mold, such as may be had in any of our
hmmeoeks. From the middle of October to the mid-
die of November is the beet time for planting. Just
before setla the bulbe the surfe of the bed should
(0taned Om Twfth Page)




November 18, 1905




By John Y. Detwiler, Honorary Fish Commissioner

The eastern coast of Florida, from St. Augustine
to Miami, possesses attractive features to the tourist
and the prospective resident second to no other State
east of the Rocky Mountains. The desirability of
the climate, and the natural food resources so abund-
antly distributed along the entire Atlantic coast
from Fernandina to Cape Sable, demonstrates its
adaptability to all classes of people. To the home-
seeker, the fact of marine food ready for the taking
without the labor of preparing and tilling the soil
to raise a crop; to the tourist, a resort where health-
giving and salubrious climate permits daily outdoor
extreise, and which affords to those so inclined ample
returns from a day's effort with rod or gun. A
cruising boat or launch can transport by water, those
who so desire, over four hundred miles by inside pas-
sage through the most desirable hunting and fishing
grounds to be found anywhere, embracing varieties
to be met with in no other section in the United
States. From twenty-four to thirty-six hours by
way of the most modern and elaborate methods of
transportation permits an enjoyment of Florida sun-
shine and a balmy atmosphere during the midst of
the rigors of a Northern winter, together with the
home advantages of the modern hotels and boarding
houses, will satisfy the most critical at an outlay
adapted to the desires of all classes.
Among the most prominent and profitable indus-
tries that are engaged in south of Daytona, is that
of commercial fishing. Previous to the advent of
transportation facilities and the installation of ice
and refrigerating plants, the waters teemed with
fish at all seasons of the year almost beyond the pos-
sibilities of belief. Within the last twenty years,
and since the introduction of the above mentioned
advantages and the most modern appliances for tak-
ing fish, this industry has been increased to enormous
proportions, especially within the last few years, and
has created fortunes for many engaged in this
The principle appliances made use of on Indian
river are gill nets and seines, the latter being pro-
hibited by law, as destroying enormous quantities
of young fish, but is used surreptitiously, when the
waters are becoming depleted. An exception to the
seine is made in shad fishing in the St. Johns river,
the large mesh permitting the bottom fish to pass
through. The shad fisheries of the St. Johns river
embraces territory fronr its mouth as far south as
Lake Harney, the spawning grounds of the shad.
Mature shad, the results of the planting by the State
Fish Commission several years ago, have been fre-
quently taken in the Halifax river and its tribu-
taries, Spruce creek and Tomoka.
From statistics furnished by the United States
Fish Commission in 1892 for the Gulf States, the
west coast of Florida produced 48,120,019 pounds of
fish, valued at $1,402,166, in which 6,416 persons
were engaged; the capital invested was $1,945,320.
This does not include the enormous quantity taken

along the east coast from New Smyrna to Key West.
In vessel fishing by apparatus on Gulf coast the
report is that "in the seine catch Spanish mackerel
occupy first place, and most of these were taken with
purse seines in Hawks Channel, on the east coast,
during January and February." A recapitulation
of the catch of these fish in fournteen counties of
the west coast of Florida shows a total of 848,656
pounds taken, valued at $34,511.00, of which 33,315
pounds, valued at $1,674, was credited to Monroe
county. It will thus he seen that the east coast
should have credit for at least one-half of the Span-
ish mackerel catch that has been credited to the
Gulf section of the State, or 424,328 pounds, valued
at $17,250. It is admitted that for conservative
reasons the full report of the entire catch is not
made public.
It ais certain that neither the catch nor the value
of the commodity has deteriorated during the years
1903 and 1904, and as there has been no recent
reports of the fish taken on the east coast of Flor-
ida by the United States Fish Commission, I am
unable to give statistics other than an authentic
statement of the number of barrels of fish shipped
by the Southern Express Company during the years
1903 and 1904 from Florida over the Florida divis-
ion and the southeastern division of said express
company. The Florida division comprises the Flor-
ida East Coast Railway and the Atlantic Coast Line;
the southeastern division covers the Seaboard Air
Line Railway and the Carrabelle, Tallahassee & Gulf
Railway. The aggregate of these shipments only
will be given.
Southeastern Division: 1903, 31,814 barrels;
1004, 33,877 barrels. Net increase for year 1904,
2,063 barrels.
Florida Division: 1903, 95,268 barrels; 1904,
103,764 barrels. Increase for year 1004, 8,496
This does not include iced fish shipped in bulk or
carload lots.
The laws governing the fish industry of the State
are given but little attention, as the vast area of
fish-producing territory cannot be covered by the
present system of wardens. The repeal of the sec-
tions of the statutes creating a State Fish Commis-
sion, its duties and emoluments, by the Legislature
of 1905, is the result of years of persistent effort
of those who desire to control the natural food
resources of the State without contributing to its
revenues, which, if controlled by suitable laws, would
produce a revenue of $75,000 annually. (The re-
ceipts for rents of oyster grounds by the State of
Rhode Island for the year 1904 was $45,222.58; esti-
mated for 1905, $47,373.20.) So far as known the
fishing and oyster industry of Florida is exempt
from all taxes or liability for depleting the waters,
save possibly a personal tax on boats, nets, etc.
In some localities dynamite is used when net
fishing is not profitable by reason of the depletion

of the waters, wherein shad have been planted by
State effort. Dynamite is also used to take craw-
fish in the waters of Biscayne bay and adjacent terri-
tory. Outside of commercial fishing certain locali-
ties are noted for the abundance of fish, the waters
of the lower Halifax and north Indian rivers, where
the law is enforced in regard to net fishing. Sheeps-
head, trout, redfish or bass, and many others are
taken in quantities in the vicinity of New Smyrna
Inlet, and the intelligent tourist fishermen have
recognizeJl this fact to their advantage.
The future of the fishing interests of Florida
depend upon the protection given by State lawa.
Wardens nifect compromises, as they have no juris-
di -tion over the boundaries of an adjoining county.
In thle production of oysters, Florida possesses
in certain localities remarkable advantages, among
which the freedom from the enemies prevalent in
the North. The removal of shell from the natural
beds. al-o undersized oysters, is one of the most
sPriouI impediments to successful production, as
fr!iii the natural beds the supply of seed and spat
must be procured. Of clams there are an abundance,
rui the introduction of the soft clam of the North,
.11!w A renaria, where the soil is not shifting, would
h prolltitble.
In conlunin it might he well to say that Florida
i4 the only State possessing ample coast line (over
1.'100 miles) that has neglected her natural food
prodwlut creating from them a source of revenue.
T'l'Hi nfelect is rapidly resulting in a depletion of
hi'r waters to the detriment of posterity.
I'he present status of the Florida Fish Commis-
si(n is fne of empty honor-after nearly eight years
of persistent effort without an appropriation. Its
enemlies have prevailed to the extent of repealing the
laws creating it, but individual effort they cannot
suppress. for it will be but a matter of time until
the people of Florida will have their eyes opened to
the mnignitude of the revenues to be derived from
thi fisheries from which they are now receiving no
benvflt. Should it be possible that we have one more
killing frost like that of 1893-4, the reduced valu-
aticn of property, together with the depletion of
our fore-ts, would require an additional revenue to
sustain the expenses of the State. We will then be
compelled to recognize the wealth of our waters, and
create from them by license a revenue greater than
from any three combined industries the State may
now po-T'sVss.
In tlhe meantime, the correspondence relating to
the Fish Commission and such reports as can be
mlde to the Governor under the conditions that un-
fortunately exist, shall be continued as before, with.
out coinpensation-simply a contribution to the peo-
ple of the State of Florida by one of their number
who recognizes the laws of equity to his fellow man
and endeavors to secure their enforcement, whereby
future generations shall enjoy that which by right
is their inheritance.

Agriculture -mm Florida 's Opportunity

Conducted by W. E. Pabor

"Shine on, fair SUN, till I have bought a glass
That I may see my shadow pass."-Shakespeare.
The sun and the soil, together, make this world
habitable to mankind. So we hope, through the me-
dium of the FLORIDA SUN, to make this depart-
ment, devoted to the soil and its generous response
to the labor of the head and the hand of man, an
interesting and profitable feature of the paper. There
are shadows, as well as sunbeams, in the realm of
the farm, the garden and the grove. Each have their
uses and from each some lesson mnay be learned for
mutual benefit. So may writer and reader journey
on in pleasant converse with each other as the weeks
roll on, the months go by, under the shining of the

"The glorious sun," wrote Sir David Brewster,
"the center and soul of our system-the lamp that
lights it--the fire that heats it; the magnet that
guides and controls it; the fountain of color, which
gives its azure to the sky, its verdure to the fields;
its rainbow hues to the world of flowers and the pur-
ple light of love to the marble cheek of youth and
Iwauty." In lesser degree, "as moonlight is to sun-
light, as water is to wine," may the SUN of Florida
shine in on the homes and into the hearts of the
tillers of Florida soil.

A recent bulletin from the chemical department
of the Florida Agricultural Experiment Station is
devoted to Fertilizer Suggestions that will prove of
great value to our farmers and fruit growers. It
will be sent free to any address in Florida on appli-
cation to the director, Lake City, Fla.

Experimentation along the line of creative life,
both in animals and plants, begin to suggest the pos-
sibilities of generation being within human control.
Among the latest is that of Professor Setchell of
the botanical department of the University of Cali-
fornia, who has been experimenting with the sea-
weed known s kelp, and has been able to divert the

flow of nutrition so as to make buds grow or die
at his will.
A paragraph recently appeared in print stating
that Professor Webler, formerly of Florida, has in-
vented, by careful study of pineapples, several varie-
ties which he believes will be very successful in this
State. Thus far pineapple growers have not heard
of them, and pin their faith, wisely, to tlhe two varie-
ties known to Ix- a success in open field and shed cul-
ture-Red Spanish and Smooth Cayenne.
A carload of watermelon seed shipped to Califor-
nia from Florida? The statement seems incredible,
but Mr. Girardeau of Jefferson County says lie has
sent such a carload (not of melons, mind you), of
seed of a new variety to Los Angeles, Cal. How
many thousand acres were required, think you?
The Punta Gorda Herald says the pineapple ship-
ments for the season, beginning in June and ending
with September, amounted to 4,334 crates. This
would indicate a yield of less tnan 70,000 pines, as
only the Smooth Cayenne are grown down there, and
the average is sixteen to theo crate. Two years ago
the Dle Soto County yield is given at 10.445 crates;
and. as the Punta G'orda district grows perhaps nine-
tenths of the county's product, it would seem as if
the industry was falling off or else the cold season
of last winter caused a severe loss.
Cuban oranges-green-are now in the New York
markets and coming into comniwtition with our Flor-
ida fruit, They are shipped in barrels. and for the
next three months are likely to reach the States and
affect the market.
The famous groves in and about Winter Haven.
in the lovely lage region of Polk County, that were
established by Dr. F. W. Inman and have Ibeen under
his care for many years, have Ibwn transferred to a
New York syndicate. It is to be hoped that the Flor-
ence Villa groves will not be allowed to deteriorate
under the new managers; their success has been

mainly due to the excellent personal care given them
by Dr. Inman.
Labor is so scarce in California that the prune
growers are experimenting with monkeys for fruit
picking; one man in San Jose has sent to South
America for 500 of them. Then he intends to have
then trained to pick prunes off the trees, the drop-
ping fruit to be gathered by boys and girls. As the
monkey is an imitative animal, it is thought the ex-
periment may prove successful. But suppose these
monkeys should form a labor union, what then? Are
they not closely allied to that other animal, man?
And if in far-off India an ape can be (and is) em-
ployed to throw railroad switches, surely it can be
taught to shake down fruit from trees.
Thie Arcadia News thinks it is too bad that the
Everglade draining scheme could not be sidetracked
in favor of some plan to settle people upon lands
already drained and ready for cultivation. To the
hysttinder, ignorant of political wire-pulling, it would
'seem that for the present the need in this State is
more inhabitants. When the vast tracts of fertile
soil now awaiting the homeseeker are settled, then
would 1w time to prepare more lands. Has the News,
or any other paper in Polk and De Soto County,
given a thought to the probable effect of the Okee-
eholobe drainage on the lake systems of these counties?
The Commissioner of Agriculture has found it
n,,essary to suspend the publication of the Monthly
bulletin for want of funds. The cause is accounted
for by the failure of the last TLeislature to provide
funds for the additional printing made necessary by
the enactment of the "Pure Feed Law." has necess .
tinted placing the entire cost of this extra work on
the appropriation provided only for the printing of
the Department of Agriculture. The publication of
the Ihulletin is therefore suspended for the above
rea., n until about January, 1900. So we save at
the spigot and lose at the hunghole. But then, it is

(Continued on Thirteenth Page)

November 18, 1905




Accepting as true that generally credited declar-
ation, "there's nothing new under the sun," this
journal had no difficulty in finding something new,
because THE SUN is not affected by truths about
things UNDER the sun.
Thus fortified by a condition peculiarly its own,
THE SUN had the honor and pleasure of presenting
to the people of this city a first-olass novelty, which
possessed the additional qualifications of boldness
and merit.
For the first time in the history of Florida jour-
nalism, and (as far as information now at hand is
a guide) in the history of journalism in any other
State or nation-
This is what THE SUN did all last week in this
city, by placing in Till's window, pictured here,
lists containing FOURTEEN THOUSAND names of
persons residing in Florida to whom THE SUN will
be sent for a year.
That these persons were bon fide PAID sub-
scribers to THE SUN, was fully proven by the ex-
hibition of postal cards signed by them accepting
the clubbing proposition made them by sixty Florida



newspapers, by which two papers were sent for the
price of one. Persons who paid for any one of the
sixty papers on THE SUN'S clubbing list, paid for
THE SUN at the same time, under t1.9 arrange-
ment made by THE SUN with those papers.
That THE SUN will receive one-half of the money
paid to these sixty newspapers for subscriptions was
POSITIVELY PROVEN by the exhibition in Till's
window of sixty contracts, signed by as many papers,
calling for FIFTY THOUSAND INCHES of adver-
tising space in these sixty papers which has been
placed by them to the credit of THE SUN.
For a new publication to commence business with
a clearly shown and proven circulation, more than
FIFTY PER CENT LARGER than the largest
CLAIMED newspaper circulation in the State, is so
startling in its newness that it must perforce have
happened IN THE SUN, and not UNDER the sun.
No people under the sun are quicker to recognize
a new thing, that has the imprint of merit, than
the people who have made this city great; and they
gave testimony to this display of SUN courage and
enterprise, until the verdict was made up that con-
victed THE SUN of "making a killing" in the field
of circulation-getting and proving.


From Monday morning until Saturday night
Till's east show window was the magnet that drew
the crowds.
For six days the gazers into Till's window,
gathering in bunches at all hours of the day, read
the names on the postal cards, noted the postmarks
on them and were convinced that THE SUN would
surely shine all over fair Florida.
Iniedentally, Till's cafe, upstairs, came in for an
unusual rush of business because of the fact that
crowds always get hungry, and Till's can feed crowds.
As to how this circulation was acquired, it is
simple when you know it. All great truths are
simple after they are known.
Early last June Mr. A. K. Taylor and Mr. Claude
L'Engle were treated to an overdose of misplaced
confidence in some high-sounding but pie crust prom-
ises made by a two-by-four man with a ten-by-twelve
As a result of this over-imbibing Messrs. Taylor
and L'Engle found that the black, but fierce Othello
was not the only mothball in the clothes chest, when
it came down to finding an occupation gone.
Unlike the swarthy Moor, the two gentlemen men-
tioned were not content to recount the noble deeds
that had by them been done. They talked, instead,
of how some deeds might still be done in their chosen
field of journalism.
Surveying the Florida field, their eyes encoun-
tered many little fences inclosing soinI man's partic-
ular pasture, and so thick were the fences that the
eye could not discover where one left off and the
other began. Dark and forbidding was the prospect,
until the light of a great idea shown forth, making
it bright and inviting.
PAPER that would not interfere with the fence put
around any one journalistic pasture, but would share
the life-giving verdure of then all, leaving an abund-
ant feast to each fence-builder.
Following the idea came the conviction that to
make a great State paper A GREAT STATE CIRCU-
LATION was necessary. The rest was a matter of
deciding on a plan to get this circulation.
By a process of elimination the plan was found
and the putting of it on was a mere trifle of three
months' hard work, day and night, traveling the
The proof of the successful culmination of the idea,
the plan and the execution was the showing made
in Tll's window last week.
The REAL AND FINAL TEST ncame when the
business men were invited to buy SUN space at one
dollar per inch per insertion, the HInGIHST PRICE
charged for advertising space by any publication
carrying Florida business.
A rule applied to the advertising pages of this
first issue, and the rate given above applied to the
measurement, will demonstrate how the plan stood'
the test.
In this issue is carried enough business to pay
the cost of producing it and LEAVE A HANDSOME
Mr. Armstrong, manager of the Florida Cigar
and Tobacco Company, which displays a large ad-
vertisement on the back page in this numlwr, gave
this business to THE SUN because lie was told that
THE SUN had as a paid subscriber practically every
merchant in Florida. THE SUN man offered to
match his list of customers with a postal for each
name furnished.
Two days after this statement was made Mr.
Armstrong said to THE SUN man: "You need not
prove your claim. I have looked at the postal cards
In Till's window, and saw on top of the pile enough
autographs that I know to convince me that you
can make it good."



-- ONE




One day last fall Mr. P. L. Sutherland SOUGHT
OUT the writer and proposed to financee" the Daily
Florida Sun, which was being published under his
sole management, under certain conditions.
The writer NEEDED A FINANCIER, believed
Mr. Sutherland to be it, agreed to the conditions,
and faithfully carried them out.
The financing that was done was what Tom Law-
son has named "Frenzied."
Mr. Sutherland furnished a little eash, got a ma-
jority holding of stock, and then on his promise to
furnish plenty more, issued notes of the company
with his endorsement in lieu of cash.
When the pressure came Mr. Sutherland used his
voting power to wreck the paper, collect the money
due and to sell the property of the company that
the writer's money and that of nine of his friends
he uttered for the company. When Mr. Sutherland
promised to "finance" the paper, on which promise
he got control of the stock, he mentioned MONEY
as the medium of ex6hange- NOT A WORD ABOUT
For the whole world to see Mr. Sutherland pub-
lished over his signature in the Daily Florida Sun,
the day it suspended, a statement that he (Suther-
land) would PAY ALL DEBTS.
This made everybody REAL GLAD, and caused
much favorable comment on the "high plane" of
Mr. Sutherland's business ethics.
This is what was prepared for the world to see.
Here is what the world did not see until now:
"Hoke Engraving Plate Compa, t. Lools, Oct.

19, 1005.-Mr. Claude L'Engle, Sun, Jacksonville,
Fla.: Dear Sir-We have yours of the 17th and
note that Mr. Taylor and yourself are forming a
new company to publish the SUN as an illustrated
weekly. We will be very glad to furnish you with
plates, provided, of course, that the financial end of
it is all right. You, of course, know that we lost
considerable money by the Sun, and have been en-
deavoring to get some of it back, but up to this
writing have been unable to do so.
"We are much interested in your experience
of how it all happened, and you certainly have our
sympathy. However, since experience is eminently
the best teacher you doubtless will be in a much
better position to succeed than you were before.
"We will be very glad to furnish you with plates
in any amount and under any plan that will guaran-
tee us our money.
"We certainly wish you the best success in
your new venture, and will be very glad to extend
to you all possible business courtesies that are pos-
sibfe. With best regards, we are, yours respectfully,
"W. E. Hoke, Sec."
"National Lead Company, Atlantic Branch, New
York, Nov. 10, 1005.-The Sun, Jacksonville, Mla.:
Gentlemen-We have your order for 500 pounds of
best quality stereotype metal, for which please accept
our thanks.
"Some time ago we sold the Sun Publishing om-
pany of your city goods amounting to abot ,
and had to settle for about 75 per eamt ea eour ai.

We do not know whether you are connected with this
company or not, but if so, would ask you to send
us a draft on New York before we ship the order.
The price of this metal will be 0 1-2 cents.
"If the Sun is an independent concern, would
ask you to kindly favor us with the names of some
houses with which you have been dealing, for refer-
ence. Same proving satisfactory, we will be pleased
to open an account with you on credit. Yours truly,
"Atlantic Branch, Credit Dept.
"Robert J. Wall."
When the writer sought redress from Mr. Suther-
land for the destruction of his property, he was an-
swered with the taunt: "You have no equity, the
concern is bankrupt."
The writer knew that the paper printed $2,000
worth of paid advertisements in April and had over
4,500 subscribers who were perfectly willing to pay
$3 per year for it, and could not see how a concern
COULD BE bankrupt that had business WORTH
$37,500 PER YEAR, and good prospects of rapid
increase, when the monthly expense of operation
could have been kept within $3.,000 by a business
manager possessing even a limited amount of ability.
Mr. Sutherland HIMSELF believed that the paper
was ON A PAYING BASIS when it suspended, be-
cause he told Mr. W. F. Stovall so in Tampa. Mr.
Stovall told Mr. A. K. Taylor and the writer that
Mr. Sutherland made this statement to hip when
he visted Tamp last May.

November 18, 1905

THE 019N





Tending Garden
Pausing a moment, pen in hand, with checkbook open before him, one of the
Atockholders in this journal, to whom the editor applied for payment for two
%hares of, previously subscribed for stock, said:
"I know that you will get out a good paper, but I hope you will not think
it necessary to 'take a crack at creation.' "
No, we WILL NOT take a crack at orationn"
We do not feel called on to take a crack at creation.
We do not think it necessary to take a crack at creation.
Freed from the environment of slang placed around it by the phrase of our
stockholder, the word "creation" brings before the mental vision all that is won-
derful in the works of Him who, ruled by infinite love, and guided by infinite wis-
dom; caused the earth, which overpowers the feeble human mind with its vast
extent, its majestic powers and its inexhaustible stores of all things needful to
man; to be numbered among the least of His works.
Viewed in this light, creation is to be reverenced; for, by no other than Divine
power could it have been.
We humbly acknowledge our obligation to hold sacred the beneficent works
of the Creator.
If we feel called on to "take a crack" at anything, it will be at things that
pervert the blessings of creation, and at men who misuse the freedom of will
granted to them by the Creator in an attempt to make creation minister to their
base and selfish desires, and, by this practice, to distort the Divine will that
designed creation for the good of all.
We will have to qualify our statement that we will not take a crack at
creation by saying that we will not take a crack at ALL CREATION. For the
general term creation includes all things created, whether good or bad.
Creation includes the delicately beautiful Easter lily and the coarse and rank
fungus that grows nearby; the silver-throated songbird and the foul serpent that
devours it; the God-like face of the child, and the disease that mare its beauty;
the divinely illuminated mind of the full stated man, and the evil temptation
that turns it away from truth.
We WILL take a crack at some things in creation when by doing so we
can contribute our mite to maintaining the right use of creation.
To illustrate the distinction we make between taking a crack at creation,
and taking a crack at some things in creation, Artist Taylor has prepared a car-
toon which we present as part of this editorial.
The tomato plant is used as an example. Its deep green foliage encom-
passing its bright red fruit gives a contrast of color that delights the eye. In its
perfect state this plant produces abundantly of a luscious, nutritious, easily
assimilated fruit, good for man to eat.
The tomato plant is one of the GOOD THINGS of creation.
Imperfect conditions of soil and lack of attention gives the ugly green worm
its opportunity. Its larva finds lodgment on a leaf of the plant, and in a short
time the worm is produced, which feeds on the delicate leaves, increases in size
and vigor, and, if undisturbed, will either destroy the plant completely or so
weaken it that imperfect fruit will be produced.
The tomato worm is one of the BAD THINGS of creation.
In the garden of human endeavor our aim will be to preserve the tomato
plants by picking off the worms, without stopping to consider that the bugs
might not like it, that they might get hurt, and that our hands might be soiled.

.4 % iRa
We know it's rather late to mention them, but the performances last week of
one William Randolph Hearst and one William Travers Jerome of New York,
were so startling, of such far-reaching effect on the political history of this
country that we cannot pass them by.
Both these men headed a revolt against boss rule in politics, both went
beyond party lines to rebuke corruption in the party, and both achieved a won-
derful victory.
Hearst has long been active, by word and deed, in the fight against dishonesty
in public office. He has stood boldly for the principles of democracy when others
were faint-hearted in the cause and laggards in the fight. He has been a strict
party man when the party platform was not to his liking. He stood almost alone
among editors of the great New York papers in championing Bryan's cause in
1896 and again in 1900.
I. Aroused at last by the rotten condition of New York City politics and
despairing of bringing about reforms within the party, he consented to lead an
independent movement, which his exposure of conditions had started, and won out.
Whatever may be the result of the recount of the ballots, the 225,000 votes
that were counted for Hearst showed that even Tammany can be defeated when it
flaunts its political crimes too boldly in the face of the people of New York.
Hearst has been called among other things a dangerous man, but he is a
man of courage and a fighter who does not know how to quit.
He has administered a rebuke to political corruption that is bound to do
good to the entire country
The case of Jerome was even more remarkable. He is a unique figure in
American politics. Casting aside all precedent, and brushing away rules long
established for the presentation of candidates, he went straight to the people and
gave them the choice of boss rule, with its galaxy of evils that tend to destroy
fre government, or the blessings of a government by the people.
Jerome went back to first principles of free government, when the people's
will is expressed direct by the people themselves.
That Jerome won is an encouraging sign that this government will be a free

gc.rnment, because the people will have it so.
1Eail to Jerome and Hearst
,We notice St. Luke's Hospital is in need of funds. It is about time that
Jas Myille had a hospital that would tbe supported by taxation, and not be de-
Son the charitable inclination of the citizens. The eltiseus have always
W ed. but it is not the best way to Ma i a bp*taL

'che 6nd ofo aScourge
The announcement made last week that yellow fever was no longer in Pen-
sacola, caused a prayer of thankfulness to ascend from the heart of every citizen
of this State.
It caused rejoicing among all people, for there are none so bound up in tlhe
affairs of this busy world that a tale of human suffering will not afflict them
in spirit.
For the people of Pensacola and of other Southern cities where the dreadful
visitor has left his trail of suffering, our sympathy has been active from the
beginning and at the end, our congratulations are extended to them in no less
a measure.
As long ago as twenty-three hundred years the Greek physician Hippocrates
advanced the theory that disease in the human body was a danger signal, warning
thb person to whom the disease came to stop violating the laws of nature; that
sickness in animal organisms was an attempt of nature to throw off impurities
gathered by improper feeding, lack of exercise, absence of cleanliness, and imper-
fect breathing.
In this day the doctors, in the absence of a sounder theory, are saying just
what the learned Greek said.
Applying the warning theory of the man of Greece and the men of America


to the Pensacola case, we should begin right now to correct the conditions that
caused yellow fever to gain a footing in this State.
We note that a quarantine convention was held in Chattanooga last week.
Quarantines are necessary when an infectious disease makes it appearance,
and it is well to discuss them so as to get the best.
Appeals to us as the proper thing to hold second place on the program.
Let's have this preventive convention by all means as SOON AS POSSIBLE.
Governor Broward is the right man to call it, and we pass the suggestion
up to him.
Globe-trotter Taft, who is also celebrated as holder-down of the lid, is no
sooner landed from Panama than he begins to talk politics. Bill, the Busy Boy,
is not troubled by bashfulness.
The Republican slate has been made, and the faithful who have been left
off will have to wait for addy's third term.



Vo Our Brot her
We greatly appreciate the sincerity of our many friends among the
brethren of the State press. Those who, during the month of June of this year,
devoted space. in their papers to kind words relative to us, when the Daily
Florida Sun was suspended, and who recognized the staff members who so
faithfully worked to make that newspaper a success.
Our appreciation has been deep. It is lasting.
Only NOW, with the first issue of THE SUN, are we afforded the opportu-
nity to express in a general way our gratitude for the kind and generous notices
given us.
At the same time we are also in a position to say "Thank You" for the
words of encouragement and support received from Florida editors when our
plans for THE SUN were made known to them.

We Rise to 'emark
You are invited to fix in your minds that this is THE SUN, not the Florida
Sun nor the Daily Florida Sun. Messrs. Taylor and L'Engle, the controlling
stockholders in the stock company that publishes THE SUN, conceived it to be
the part of wisdom to call the new paper THE SUN because of the reputation
that the Florida Sun made as a high-class newspaper, fearless in expression, great
in enterprise and careful of the feelings and the rights of others, and the wide-
spread favorable reputation that the Florida Sun bore as a newspaper.
They thought it wise to change the title from the Florida Sun to THE SUN
because this journal is an entirely new enterprise, in no way connected with the




I** #%. f


old one, and having freed themselves from a faultlessly attired drone in the
counting room, a pocket edition Falstaff with rabbit blood, in the financial chair,
and other impedimenta highly ornamental but rather weighty; they did not
desire to have their galled withers wince at such a recalling of the burden as
the name Florida Sun would bring about.
We have heard that some people paid for the Daily Florida Sun in advance
for a year, and others for shorter terms, and were due a portion of the unexpired
time when the Daily Florida Sun suspended. Although neither Mr. Taylor nor
Mr. L'Engle, the controlling stockholders in this paper, were responsible for the
suspension of the Daily Florida Sun, and do not feel called on to make good any
loss occasioned by it, they wish to have the name SUN grateful to all men, and
they offer to send this journal to all subscribers of the Daily Florida Sun whose
terms were not completed who will offer satisfactory evidence that they PAID
FOR A subseriptiom to the old paper.
Startling statement, that by Jeff Davis, about the cotton crop. He says that
it will be 10,000 bales short. Oh Jeff, please guess aptla we must have a ew
pooht he-daf MA aest umr.

N one but the rave Deserve the Fair
Florida people, therefore, deserve the Tampa Fair, which opened this week
with record-breaking crowds in attendance for each day of its life.
We have long been of the opinion that an annual State Fair was a State
need, and tried to interest the people of Florida's chief city in a fair movement.
While the committee appointed by the Jacksonville Board of Trade was try-
ing to decide between the relative merits of a Great Exposition of the State's
wealth and resources and a species of dago merrymaking such as, in days of yore,
caused the Doge of Venice to spend some nights combing confetti out of his
beard; the city of Tampa, whose people, like Ben Butler, know what they want
and go out and get it; secured the fair.
Scarce had we time to hold one meeting ere the Tampa folks were in Jack-
sonville with the announcement that Tampa WAS GOING TO HAVE a State
This quick action causes us to say to the people of Florida in general, and
the people of Jacksonville in particular, that Tampa is crowding Jacksonville
for the honor that goes with the title of chief city.
We congratulate the people of Florida on having two cities, either one of
which might be styled "greatest," and we warn the people of Jacksonville that
Tampa is always in the race when honor is the prize.
Tampa has deserved the fair, and we extend hearty congratulations on the
way she has put it on, and offer best wishes for both the fair and the city that
holds it.

/ Good Promiser, Starts Performing
All theories about the unstable character of pre-election promises will have
to be revamped and otherwise made over before they can be again used as cam-
paign thunder hurled from tihe stumps in this State. The cause of all this is
found in the person of Napoleon li. Broward, present Governor of Florida, and
proof of this particular pudding in the chewing of the string contained in the
announcement last week that Broward was building dredges to drain the Ever-
Time was when we thought this scheme of Broward's was made of that
intangible essence (or whatever it is), that the fuil moon casts over the land-
scape, but our incredulity about it received considerable of a jar when the last
primary election showed that enough Florida people believed it to elect the mani
who advanced it and conducted his campaign on it, Governor of Florida.
Whether the Everglades can be drained, and when drained, whether the
results will justify the cost, are questions that we confess our inability to dis-
cuss because of our lpck of information. Then, again, the shock we received
when we tackled this scheme during the primaries, makes us wary of another
encounter without reinforcements.
Leaving the main question to some future time, when we can discuss it with
better equipment than we now have, we call attention to this new performance
of Broward, who has done quite a few startling things in the reocord-breaking line.
He is at least trying to make good his pre-election promises.

To Sun Readers

To those of our readers of THE SUN, who have accepted the clubbing offer
made by their local papers, we would say that when you accepted the proposi-
tion of receiving two papers for the price of one and signed the postal card you
forwarded. to us, you then and there became a paid subscriber to THE SUN, as
by our arrangement with the management of the paper through which you
became a bona fide and paid subscril-r, one-hlalf the money you paid to the
local paper was paid to us.
Having thus paid for T11 SUN you are entitled to receive it for the time
specilled (your paid subscription being from one year) and if at any time you
fail to receive your copy of THE SUN, notify us and we will send you the copy
you failed to receive.
In the immense detail incident upon the starting of such a large proposi-
tion as we have undertaken, it imay even be that the name of some few of our
paid subscribers have been inadvertently left off the mailing list. If so we earn.
estly request such of our friends to notify us promptly for the reason that THEII
SUN management desires every one who has paid for a subscription to receive
the paper regularly each week.
Kindly bear in mind that IWing a paid subscriber to THE BUN you are
entitled to it, and we want you to get your money's worth.

Just a Word
Of explanation as to the cause of this paper being presented to you with the
pages uncut.
Our folder did not arrive in time to Iwe set up and used to fold, paste and
trim this issue. I I <*36AI
We would not put off our first issue another week. We choose rather to fold
it by hand and deliver it uncut.
We trust you will overlook this defect, cheerfully cut the pages and read
everything they contain.
Our next issue will be presented in the form of a book, with pages cut and
Uncle Sam has ruled that all launches must carry bells, lights, whistles, etc.,
and their owners must know how to box the compass, spell Constantinople,
whistle to the dogwatch, and to guess the age of Ann. All this is easy compared
to the difficulty of getting a permit from Jacksonville's city attorney to run on
Barrs' river.
Broward is not yet warm in hin seat and there are already three men men-
tioned as his successor. Hllllman, Gilchrist and Crill have figured in the State
press of late as candidates. This leaves the regulars like Wilson of Jacksonville,
Harris of Ocala and Stovall of Tampa to hear from, to say nothing of Bill
Milton and little Gibbie.
Man fined in Jacksonville this week for selling eggs on Sunday. Deserved
it. He should have been running a poolroom and keeping within the rules laid
down by the Mayor. Poolrooms are good Sabbath day plaom-but gt rottea.

November 18, 1905

miMiii n

(L,4;:3jb4.j /76


AdverWtNovember 18,t1905
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Pardoning of Criminals
(Continued front Third Pagm)
State Sanitarium; that he was let out
em furlough, and while out on furlough
killed Mr. Bartleson.
Htate of Georgia-Tottnal County. Court
of Ordinary. June 20, 1000.
The commissioners appointed to in-
quire into the alleged insanity of James
0. Williams of said county having filed
a report sowing that the said James
0. Williams is a lunatic, and that as
such he be committed, it is therefore
ordered and adjudged that the said
James 0. Williams is a lunatic, and that
ans ucih hi be committed to the lunatic
asylum of Mrid State until he 1)e again
restored to his right reason and sound
It is further ordered that Joe Will-
iams take said James (0. Williams to
the lunatic asylum.
(Signed) C. W. SMITI, Ordinary.
First-It shows Mr. Williams was ad-
judged a lunatic, June 20, 1000.
Second-Mr. Williams is shown to be
in each of two asylums for the insane
several months before the killing.
Third-It is shown that lie was out
of a lunatic asylum on furlough when
he killed Mr. Hlirtleh>mi.
A great number of letters and a1ni-
davits front honorable gentlemen can lne
seen by dozens, hbeides petitions signed
by hundreds of splendid people.
A little later the Board of Pardons
granted a i-iin initntion of sentenee in
the ease( of David Mitehell, alias "Black
0 i 1d," uphin thel' following fits, as eVs-
taijisheld l,' the evidenv'e: That David
Nitchell,. aliis "Blaik Kid," who was
convicted at the fill term of the Cir-
usit courtt in and for Bradford County,
1904, for tlle crime of '"murder in theu
first degree." iind sentenced to 1be
hanged, should now, upon the recoinmen-
dation of *several eitizeins of Bradford
County, *nnd the report of the medical
exam ing committee appointed by the
court to inquire into his sanity, that the
said David Mitceldl, alias "Black Kid,"
is a IrMro whlo do(s not posses the in-
telligence t it thie onionn negro pos-
sesses; that his intelligeeme is so low
that he does not know right from wrong,
and that hei' ats Isen in sueh condition
for several yieurs; that lie does not real-
I' the enor.nity of the riine committed
nor the meaning of the pelialty provided
by law, be granted (coinmutation to
imprisonment in the State prison for
the termn of his natural life.
The salient parts of the evidence are
as follows:
T do not believe that "Black Kid" has
the intelligence flint even the common
negro possesses; his degree of intelli-
gence is so low that I do not believe
that lie is cognilmnt of the predicament
that stands over him, and am quite
sure that lie does not possess that degree
of intelligence that should be present
when ia lH'rson is executed.
a i
I do not bhelirve that he is of suffli-
eient brain power or intelligence to dis-
criminatt between right and wrong from
the standpoint of civilized man, and I
do npt belhwve thit4 lie r,'alzes the differ-
ence lbetween killing of a human or any
other nuimal.
Aftey making a statement in sub-
stance thle samie ns Dr. Francis and Dr.
Jno. Wills, Dl)r. AMthony says that after
making a thorough examination of
David Mitchell, known as "Black Kid,"
inquiring into his sanntty, and from such
examination I know that he is far below
the averagis grade of negro. and I think
that his general it|ppearnnce is such that
would cause even n careless observer to

detect that lie is badly lif in some way
in his mind.

(W iutAO~M'(1) COUNTY.

S r"w --n ..... Sheriff ,ohns, in an affidavit, states
to the Board of Pardons that when
Mitchell vwas turned over to him by
KUP OPM OM AY AMN ATUIMAY one of his dempites. and during the pre-
SVI M OLOK liminary trial next diay. he aw signs
of insanity; that Mitchell talked absent-
mindedly and disconnectedly, and act, l
Cor. Brldt & BAy, Jacksonvile, in such a way as to evea cause an ordi-

Raising Stock Food in Florida
By S. H GaltskUll

The question of feed for stock in
Florida is of vastly more consequence
than is generally thought. I have often'
wished that a correct statement could
lie given showing the amount of feed-
stuff that was shipped into the State in
a year. I believe a good part of this
expense could and should be saved, or
te money paid to Florida growers.
there are more people interested in feed
for horses and mules titan any other
class of stock, and it seems strange to
ime that Western hay is used so exten-
sively when Florida makes a product
superior to a great part of the hay that
is shipped into the State. Good Florida
iny, made of a mixture of crabgrass,
cockspur grass and beggarweed, can be
bought in the State at $12 to $15 per
ton; yet the turpentine man and the
sawmill man will pay $18 to $20 for
prairie grass or inferior timothy, neither
of which are as good as good Florida
hay. There seems to be a fear on the
part of a good many that the cockspur
will Injure the horses. I have fed Flor-
ida hay exclusively for the past ten
years, and I find my horses and mules
will pick out the heads of cockspur and
eat that part of the hay first. As yet
I have seen no horse or mule injured.
I find a few people that recognize the
value of home-grown hay. Major W.
It. Thomas of Gainesville has been using
it for years, and no liveryman in the
State has better teams. I also find Mr.
.1. Al. Aeffert of Ocala, who does an
Intensive sawmill business, and also
iiianufactures lime, using a good many
teains, giving them hard work. lie is
well satisfied with Florida lmy, and I
tin surprised that others do not want
to save the $4 to $6 per ton on hay.
Corn makes a good crop in Florida.
I say "makes" advisedly, as the rank
and file of the farmers do but little
toward helping make the corn crop; the
cultivation it gets is incidental. I be-
liewv the question of stock feeds will
have more attention in a few years, as
there is a growing disposition to make
better hoof, a better hog, and better
sheep. I feel that the coming Tanipa
fair will be a revelation to a great many
l''loridians; many and better home, or
I'lorida-grown, stock will be there than
is thought by a good many to be in
the State. There is, in my opinion, no
trouble in making good beef in Florida.
We have good grass; the velvet bean,
Powpwa and peanut all furnish a feed
very rich in protein, and we can fatten
our stock with less carbonaceous feed
than must be used in the North, as we
lon't have to use any of our feed as
fuel to furnish animal heat.
There is sonp trouble about harvest-
Ing some of oui crops during a rainy

a try, unprofessional observer, to detect
iigns of insanity; and the Sheriff fur-
ther states that lie has some knowledge
)f insanity, having had many insane
:;)ople in his care while Sheriff.


H. I). Bennett says that he knows
**Ilack Kid;" that he worked him and
looked after his work, as a crosstie chop-

per, etc., for several months at a time;
1111nd that while working him as aforesaid,
I have often noticed that he would act
very peculiar, and sometimes look like
i wild man, and would noI seem to know
what lie was doing and could not under-
stand what I would tell him, and talk
ibsent-minded. I have always said since
I knew Mitchell that he was crazy, and
t do not hesitate to say now that he is
not only below the average negpo, but
that he is crazy, and is not aware of
the cirme that he has committed.

Mr. D. W. George swears that he was
jailer under ex-Sheriff E. E. Johns dur-
ing the year 1904. and as jailer as afore-
ilid. I had David Mitchell, known as
,"Black Kid," under my care and charge
from the time he was put in jail until
the lt nf Januannr nf thiqa vaop rnd I

season such as we nad last summer, but
the silo can be utilized here as well as
anywhere, and rain does not interfere
materially with that. I hope in a few
years to be able to get a bunch of Flor-
ida calves with two crosses of good beef
blood in them. I want to feed them and
prove to myself, as well as others, that
I an right, or wrong, in my estimate
of a good Florida steer and Florida-
grown feed. I fear it will take a
demonstration of this kind to convince
some of our people that we have a good
business lying dormant. The three
years that I have been breeding to short-
horn bulls has demonstrated to me that
any one with good pasture can raise
good calves, and the question of feed is
of but little consequence until fattening
time comes. My three-quarter bred
calves will compare favorably with the
average grade in the North. I expect
to have some at Tampa to show for
themselves. Truly yours,

A Knox Hat

IN 'A Suit
from: 1 -
OM* '5 .ti.

14 W. Bay St, Jaoksonville, Fla.

Is the best you can do


You want to look right,
fee Iright and do right



just write to


Stuart-Bernsteln Co.
14 W. Bay St. Jacksonville, Fla.

Ship your Produce to

A. J. Bucky & Co.
11 W. by t,

Commission Merchants
Prompt Returns
Proper Attention
Profitable handling


Atlantic & Pacific
Tea Co.
13 W. Bay St., Jackenvlle, Fla.
Seald us 76 cents in stamps and get
a pl>uu(l of our famous Thea-Nectar.

LaW Uaw "I tj"..u1S1Jv u> Ul.. u l, I I a I I
!believe his mental condition is such that Finest bld Of the Mter draught
tie does not know that he has committed
any crime at all.

Mr. D. R. Edwards, being sworn, tes-
titles: I reside at Lawtey, Bradford
(Continued on Fourteenth Page)


sit Vpi.b 1 m ku. FIL
312k Ph.Im


Xovember 18, 1905




November 18, 1905


Advertisements on this page cost $1 per inch each insertion.

John N. C. Stockton







Thorough knowledge fr handling City Property
and Naval Stores



JacKsonville, Fla.

All Kinds of Goods
IN 'TillE
General Hardware Line

Promptly Filled

Supplying (ilstoiirTS ill rellote
s(etills of the state is one 4 If
m.ost successful specialties.

Florida Hardware

1905 Crop Beans

I lefugg ts ..............$4
Extra Early Hfuge ......... 4
Earliest Valentim. ............ 4
Stringless reen Pod............
D)avis Kidney Wax ........... 5
I lack ax ..................... 7
Wardwell's Kidney Wax ... (
Write 1fr Market
ardeme Wheleale Prime
Jacl(opville, Fla.
Wm. A. Bours & Compai
The Mdtetaublise Sra*S
aild Ninem tl estate
HIay, Grain, Feed, Garden Seet
Poultry Supplies, Flour,
Grits, Meal and
fr Mte: iPpt Shipea, nt Reliable eei
208 last Bay Street, Jaoksonvlle, F

Electrical Goods-

Electrical Enginee


- Write to

Electric Co.

16 W. Forsyth St., Jacksonville, F

Florida has an area of 58,080 square
miles, and 528,542 population in 1900, or
9 1-2 persons to the square mile, while
Massachusetts has 337 to each square
mile of area; New York has 14S; Penn-
sylvania has 139; Ohio has 101; Indiana
6S and Illinois S4; but, as these States
have conditions unlike those prevailing
in Florida, with its 9 1-2 persons to the
( square mile, we will select for comnpari-
son the State of Michigan, quite similar
in all respects except in climate, and
we find that this State has 41 people to
the square mile to our 1) 1-2.
In1 view of these facts does Florida
need immigration? To he equal in pop-
ulation per square mile with Michigan
we must have a total of 2,500,000, and
it would appear that we must inaugn-
rate and put in operation slinc plain by
which we may secure about two million
What Florida has to oiler to immni-
grants will be discussed in another pa-
per. The question now is, docs Florida
need immigration, anld why?
Tihe increased population indicated
would give us good schools. good roads,
good neighbors, Ieautiful ljind snpe, and
all that goes to make life worth living.
('Contaet with this now element would
broaden our minds and make us all
llimoret useful.
New enterprises would spring illup)
all over the State, aind our wonder-
fiul resouriles, now utndevelolpd would
lbe made to contribute to the wenlIth of
our citizenllhip andtl the prosperity of
the whole country. Txntion for pub-
lic utilities would lie redlued .ist, inl
proportion to our increase of population.
aind in iibout the same proportion would
intellectual cultivation be stimulated.
Virtue anid intelligence gt) litind in
haindtl. We would, therefore. haIV it a
higilhr lt'orill ideal, with the gnll'rl'
grOiwth inll niatrial things.
That iltm'nediate effort should he matile.,
.!ld ill the most systellltic mlnitn ir to
inicrIase our population. IT think all will
agree, nd if I can elicit one thought or
Suggestion as to thile best method to ob-
alin this result, and see it adoptt'l, my
Iissin will be fruitful and allord ample,
(.'11us4 for gratification.
Think of the many thousand a'rt's of
landl now ,lying idle in this Stte which
with intelligent direction would d Ie' (.on
ve'rted into profitable stock fiirnms; of
other thousands of n'res which eould hbe
converted into truck farms, the most
profitable in the world, perhaps; of
otherr thousands of n(res which can I,



converted into citrus fruit farms, all of
which now yield no revenue to the State
nor tlhe owner, and then answer my pri-
mary question, (dos Florida need inmmi-
grit ion ?
With an addition of two million to
our population, which we can and must
have, we would hilve a ithip canal across
our peninsula. We would realize mil-
lions from our fisheries, where we now
get thousands. Our entire msoa,-ist
w would be teeming with well-cultivated
oyster .beds,, and still thie developlnent of
ouli phosphate l'e(lds would Ihe in its in.
*iplen'l y.
With this ilnreallse in population
would come(ll'11 many wholesoImIe laws aindl
proper legal mlnchliery for promoting
lihe prosperity and happiness of our .I'o-
)Ple. 1Honest debts could lie collected
mid every pro'.ir security offered for
capitall. Our goologieal formation would
'0 t, rrectly understood, within all the.
!'iwnitts such information would give;
w\e would not be groping in the dark
:Is nilow. but would know the most navil-
abhle r.e-ollrcs to le developl'd, and that
it was safe to makelt the necessary invest-
it'nu t.
With these added mlillions would icome
tlti)se' seeking salubrious climatic condi-i
tions, and we could well a ltord to invite
11 su'-h for the sake of hlmminity. T'he
res,.ultls would he thel updiilding of
lemo:,ynary institutions which could
lblt benefit the entire country. nalnd which
woulld iiaturially receive slubstinlltial o aid
f'ron ever State ill th* I'niIon, nd colhld
1 t 1iii : il( 1 i Itlivt flvtorih ill lnt iu titiliZill
, lil 'Iiilizin i tt oIir I. -oplh.
1I in h ll 11 1 agIt i'u1 1e 114 cn1l 'ow te' with those
intu v itive lit'is wlhihl enllale usi to
Judge Ihuimiity, and thii s nme prin(liple
miutl'ly1s oie toi n sometlhin' of tihe
'~TIl'tlinur oif our fair Florida inder tihe
ot'(iditiols nliovel o tlilltid. 1 would that l
I cuMl impress every 1111111t aolltiln ie1 d
child with thlie impo)rtalnle of thins sub-
ject--imlpress thnin so that thiy wllilh
1Ie willing to make lllifthees to aittitin
it. so th' d lg t is t ill ipo ition ll a N with
mieanis might be indliwd to give of their
money., time anid intitelligetn'c toward
!icrfcr'tini a system, which will result,
in hiddinl ml ,teiriailly to the |lnlhlation
Iof o4lr State.
'The *'ort, uist 11e 1n1n1lilous4 it must
WIe enthu.silstie; with tllese conditions
pertnining there will Ih' no failure, and
I do not believe there will be one voice
lifted against the proposition that Fior-
ida do,. need innigration.

5: Some Thinks by the Brethren
(M) The greatest need of Florida to-day is nuil army oif sic-k folks for three or
() u1n agricultural population. In fnet, four months in the year. This is why
thi is is the crying need (of sour whole vast iour Stite and icotity fairs ar, oui r st'4
M)1 country. Millions of ncres of tillable ediitotrts aind our Iehst advertisers, andi
()0 land unoccupied, ard other millions ouight to lie supported mind attended. If
farmned'i in huge lumps, in wasteful flAsh- the ioVii Mials could Ibe persuaded' to do i
ioin.i olffer to the American citizen thle mior in the hliotnemekerst'' t ,'t i.ion line,
NS biggest opportunity of thi age. Th and still more in offering inlu'ceient
,soil niakes men; thoroughbred men; in- to every intending colony, Florida wtoulhi
depnlndent men; men strong in body and not hlvin to wait long for a working, in
in soul; men with convictions, aind the dlependtent and prosperous population.
uiaY ability to stand up for themn-in short, Orlando Reporter.
nm111 who are producers, who take finan- ..--
nY ecil wealth as well as the wealth of the Tihe (hiinemville Sun declares that:
truest and the best citizenship. I "Thlere is no State in the Union that
And while this is true generally, it lhas htbetter school system thin Floriiai
is especially so of Florida. There is Inas itt present under the Ilickman i w.
ds little likelihood of this Statte ever be- Where public schools have
s, coming a manufacturing section. Con- hbeen quite dormant in year past, they
litions are not favorable, unless it may arre now reviving. and the inrertastd at-
ie in that of which the State most tendaner' shows that the pe ople are satis-
abounds-the natural woods. But there fietl with the new 'regime."
is plenty of land, some rich, and a vist Excellent emtinaign lhirney. but its a
area that can he made richer. Certain matter of fact is untruthful. Thie lBuck-
parts of the State are developing rapidly iman hInlw hai hd no fIrect upon thei- oin-
in spots because they have found what editionss of the public whools. ani that Ibet adapted to those particular lo- % where they are progressilng is IIdue to thei'
Fla illities. Other sections have floundered energy of thwe s'clol trustees. its iln \r-
about and are, from sin agricultural itadin, for instance.
'tanlpoint, not muchl better off thinn 'r i desire of a trent majority is to
twenty-five years ago, and perhaps not ,see tthe ttt 1e University lowatetd at
as well off as fifty years ago. There is (Gainesville, but the Sun will mike no,
Ir a want of stability in many of the friends for its town by publication of
r South Florida sections. a coming and illogical and untruthful rot of srhouol
a going, a picking up and a dropping. matters.
There are too many worn-out mner- So for the l'-knmn law has beren
chants, store clerks and eonsumptives productive of nothing but public unrest.
trying a hand at farming and fruit ;ind. moreover, its legal status i in
growing, and not enough practical men doubt.
of the soil. When the farms of Floridaij $h1ituld thnt measnurt he'I declared un-
are carefully and intensively cultivated constitutional its pnssagte would prove
under intelligent and practical siper-, In very expen sive bit of legi-nation for
vision, then may we hail the day as a Florida, and a source of embarratssnment
better day than when we dealt out no to education far in excess to the bene-
IL many cubic feet of pure air to an an- fits it proposed to confer.-Exchaage.



Hess & Slager

,7 W. AT Jacksonville. Fla.
Visit our shops or correspond
Mail orders treated right

Dr. E. H. Armstrong


Staff of Specialists




Eye and Nervous Diseases

NeWuroloey aid Osteopadthy
li'lt h'\1 III' t1i t li ,r I 1'- i l III all I ,rthih il.
W iD' ANDi W-i iliW R LIar .. \ t I oi s li n f na l lloil
Illt q i r ll |i \it I I ll \ t-I i l' .l lll 'I 'lNn
S li' l ll' illr 11 1 1> 1 il l l i 1 t Ill r '
I1I1 thll l I II In li. l l h I cliriil-of l ni ll
th y llstll.-llll .I rl r n ,,, ,l eitr| | illlll h ,t -
'glo w \We1 I\ Illl h r'1 0llh' 4 li-'o:n.s. III.
Ill ligh t w i ll'- s rlll i- ill' 1 l op l| il lhl if)
vIlifll II ID rll l l-, 1 l l ,,lr.. : sil \\r s..i -
1411i 1411n1il li-i n-'- 1 4 'o tin r .M lr vr ll s iss.
ti'll 14 I 'h Ivif ll l l I Il I I I I, II Sl i
|ri on.llt ii1r I h 111, l l inii ini':,i .

Write g for
to Knig prices,

Wholesale and Retail


Larpst stock south of Balthmore

Knight Crochery Co.
Jacksonville, Fla.

N ,xt tli -i, yo, wiwllt ,sli ,s
( i) ll il or \M'it to .

The Marvin Shoe
235 W. Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla.


A Telephone in Your Room
if You Stop at

The Park Hotel
JacKsonville, Fla.


By J. H. Stephens



4 .. .4.4'

tr tll(,Ill

I I 1,:I I I I-,-I St.

.I ACKSONV 111111

11, 1 If ) 1 41 11 ) A



Advertisements on this page cost $1 per inch each insertion.

loivember 18, 1905

Please mention The Sun when answering them

Home Circle
k(Continued from Fifth Page)
be covered about an inch deep with fresh
sandy soil, raked perfectly smooth, and
the places for the bulbs marked upon
it. This is easily done by pressing a stick
down edgoways.
The prevailing colors, reds, blues and
whites, should be mingled in the ued,
the rare yellow bulbs being counted as
whites. The object of this mingling is
two-fold. It not only adds to the beauty
of the bed when in bloom, but secures
self-hybrids, and consequently, seeds for
new varieties. in setting the roots each
one should be surrounded by a little ui
tiue fre sandy soil, to prevent the
richer earth from at first ahtering too
closely to them. They should be planted
dUeepjy, not less than three or four manues,
accuring to the se of the bulb. A cov-
oring bhuuld be at hand to protect the
bed Irum any unusually heavy frost.
Dead leaves or dry grass will answer

lie purpose.
nlu arch, or the beginning of April, '
the plants will begin to show their now-
ers. 'hese' early Dirds will need some
shelter from the fall rays of the sun,
for at too much sunlight falls on them,
epecially on the reds and blues, it will
blacken and tarnish their colors. Proper
shading will also tend to keep back
the too early bulbs, so that they will
come into full bloom later on, witi, the
balamie of the bed. The stems will need
support, and small sticks or wires will
give it. Place them closely behind the
uulbs and tie the stem loosely with soft
material, like yarn or double zephyr.
This need nut be done until the plants
begin to bend and show that they are
in danger of breaking with the weight
of their blooms. As the stems grow
caller the sticks may have to be replaced
accordingly. When the bulk of the hya.
cinths are in full bloom, a covering or
awning should be stretched over the bed
during the heat of the day, and also
when there is a strong wind or heavy
rain. The cover need not be expensive;
burlap, from feed bags, or common
cheesecloth, will answer the purpose as
well as anything else. The cover must
not be waterproof, and ought to be so
arranged that it can be slipped back or
opened up to admit plenty of air and
the tempered warmth of the sun on
partly cloudy days and in the early
mornings and evenings. It is the strong
midday sun that must be guarded
After the bloom is over, the dryer
the bulbs are kept the better. The awn-
ing shelter, although so necessary at
times, lias a tendency to weaken the
bulbs. Therefore it should not be con-
tinued for more than ten days or two
weeks after the bulbs are done bloom-
ing, or, in fact, after they begin to de-
cline. Then the bulbs will be all the
better for a full exposure to the rays
of the sun. And after this? Well, then
we cannot do better than follow the
methods of the Holland grower, who has
centuries of experience behind him.
In three or four weeks after the bloom
is over the plants begin to assume a
crestfallen, rattles appearance, as though
weary of well-doing. This is the signal
for action. Take them up and cut off
the stems and foliage within half an
inch of the bulb, leaving the fibers at-
tached to it. Then lay the bulbs again
on the bed, sideways, with their points
to the north, and cover them half an
inch deep with dry earth or sand. Leave
them this way for three weeks, to dry
and ripen gradually. Shelter the bed
from the full rays of the sun and from
heavy rains, but let the air circulate
freely beneath the cover. At the end of
the three weeks take up the bulbs and
rub the fibers gently, until they are all
off. Then put the bulbs in a dry room
for a few days, then clean off any soil
that may be still adhering, together with
such offsets as may have formed, and
can be easily parted from their parent.
When this dressing, as it is called, is
completed, wrap each bulb in a separate
piece of paper, or pack it in dry sand,
and keep in a cool place, to remain until
the next planting time.
As to the treatment and value of the
offsets, we will have a little talk about
them next week. The e an those, too,
among our Circle, who would like to
haw some points as to raising hya-
almo wil b for th MU time

If t's Oliver'sm

cash prices to

all purchasers who

goods shipped to them in Florida .


0 tr Ow o

B. H. Chadwick Furniture Co.
Cam ad sem the os-We imw M Catsmalus.e

If you must buy

Why not save money

asel a-S e ilq li d pm h ha om
Den It It ol, WMT TODAY, Tmur-w my 4 d wdwi

Florida Opinions

You'll Want More

Gandy O iv -Jacksonville,
Sent by Mail 9 C. Olver riforida

Consolidated Grocery Co.

C. B. Rogers Company, Florida Grocery Company, Florida Naval Stores
and Commission Company, Mutual Naval Stores Company of Jacksonville,
Gulf Naval Stores Company of Pensacola, West Coast Naval Stores Compa-
ny of Savannah, Ga.
WIII handle evrytng In Heavy and ULght Iroeerles, rain, Proviloens, Domw-
e and Imptem d Greerie, TurpwentIe TO&e, Et
Shipments to all points that can be reached the cheapest for the customer
through the branch stores the Company, and prompt attention to all orders
through the main office and branches.
Mali OIfle aid Warehlum: JMkimevdil. Branhe: Taalrm, PIsatla il SavannMah,a.

B. B. TATUM, President H]. G. STONE, Sect'y-Treas.
J. L. WALLACE, Vice-President

Keeley Institute
MOMmtn utu LAWl t UmM

Capital Stock $25,000

Jacksonville, Florida

- Whisky, Opium, Morphine, Tobacco, Cigarette

Whisky, Opium, Morphine, Tobacco, Cigarette

and all Drugs Habits and

Neurasthenia and

Nervous Disorders treated by tihe original Kee-
eIy methods, so successfully used for 25 years

An elegant three-story Sanitarium, supplied with electric lights,
gas, hot and cold water baths and all modern appliances, located
in Riverside, corner of Stockton and Park Streets, has been secured
and is now open under the management of a physician who comes
direct from the head institute at Dwight, Illinois.
For full information, terms, etc., write to

KIeeley Institute

Telephone 1553

JaGksonville, Florida


To the people seeking a home in the
South to avoid the rigors and disagree-
able features of the long, cold winters,
there is no more attractive locality than
the great pineapple belt on Indian river.
During the past ten years this section
has been transformed from what was
practically a wilderness until now it
blooms like a rose and bears fruit like
a garden. It is one of the richest seo-
tions in the United States and its rei-
dents are enabled to live with less effort
and greater comfort and pleasure than
any other place in the country.
Every year there are nearly one mil-
lion dollars' worth of pineapples shipped
from this section to the markets of the
world. The orange and grapefruit in-
dustry have been idereasing of late
years until almost half this amount of
these fruits will be shipped this year.
Beans, tomatoes, sweet and Irish pota-
toes, peppers, lettuce, celery, okra and
other vegetables are grown and shipped
in quantities.
Satermelons, guavas, mangoes, per-
simmona and many other varieties of
fruits are grown here. All the year
round there is something to be shipped
to the market. In the summer the pine-
apples are picked and shipped, and the
other fruits and vegetables are shipped
in the fall, winter and spring.
The climate is the most equable in the
world, and the most delightful. With
the exception of two or three months in
the summer it is the best kind of
weather, and even then it never reaches
to the extreme heat experienced in many
places in the North, and there is always
a fine breeze from the ocean and river.
There are hundreds of elegant homes
in this section, and more are being built,
every year. The land is being bought.
up rapidly, and this section, with Fort,
Pierce as the county seat of the new.
county of St. Lucie, and the center of
trade, will become one of the most de-
sirable in the State. Land can be bought
at reasonable rates and cleared at a
nominal price.-Fort Pierce News.

Senator Frank Adams of Hamilton
County has stated that he would not be
a candidate for reelection next year.
Senator Adams has served his people
for the past twelve years, has twice been
elected president of that honorable body,
is one of the brainiest men in the State,
a fine orator, true to his convictions and
the honor reposed in him, and stands,
at the top of the column of the public;
men in Florida, and the vacancy caused
by his refusal to again represent them
is one hard to fill.
The next session of the Legislature
will be the most important in the his-
tory of Florida, and it is such men as
Adams that the people need in the State
Senate. When the time comes, if he
still refuses to serve, it will not only
be a loss to Hamilton County, but the
State as well.
As Governor, Congressman or United
States Senator, he would be an honor
to Florida.-Dade City Star.

Editor John M. Caldwell of the Jas-
per News is out for reform and for the
interests of the taxpayers. When M.
Caldwell took charge of the News he
Made an announcement, wherein he says:
"In the publication of the news wO
Trust that the occasion may never arise
which may render it necessary for us
.m to take any part in party nor factional
politics. The burning question of the
hour is not this man's success nor that
party's triumph, but how the taxpayers
of tihe State may lessen the burdens
which are heaped upon them-burdena
which are increased by every successive
Legislature-how to stop the recklesea
extravaganee of many departments ot
our public institutions; how to restrain
the contemplated raids on the pocket.
books of the taxpayers for many bun.
dreds of thousands of dollars more, and
the best methods to insure an economy.
ical government by the people and the
relegation of grafters to the quiet shade
of private life.
A new variety of potato has been
developed in Venezuela that grows better
in dam than in dry soil, yielding 17
1W per cent of starch in wet solagaht
r0 per cent in dry. It also givest
returns in quantity pwe am.


"Chadwick Pays the Freight"

By giving this discount from plain figure

db dbdO


I Ewwr

SL maw


ovember 18, 1905


Advertisements on this page cost $1 per inch each insertion.


Please mention The Sun when answorinu thim

Stattonry, Book and Art Store

The Only Strictly
Holiday Store
In Florida

Hall Orders for
Xmas Goods Filled
With Care and

Fancy Novelties
Toys, Dolls

45, 47, 49 W. Bay St.



Consolidated Fruit Co.
Car Lots and Less than Car Iots.
228 West Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
How Much Does Your
ILife Insuranoe Cost You ?
Penn Mutual Life Ins. Co.
54 ka bed "l TW to A AU .

Age 25 . 11.45
SAgo 30 $12.60
Age 35 . $14.15
S Ae 40 ...... $16.15
Age 45 $19.90
Age 50 ... 26.05
Without any restrictions as to travel, res-
idence or occupation.
No limitation. Can be carried as long
as you live, without re-examination.
dividends declared annually. All forms
of insurance policies issued in sumn front
$1,000 to $100,000. Incorporated 18147.
Assets $70,000,000. No other company
in Florida issues this policy, so don't ask
other agents about its good points. Nat-
urally they are not telling them. Write
us direct for particulars.
401-3 DyOal-Upe urh lg,JatkeMnvlls,Flu.


309 WEST MW ST. 16


(Continued fromn Sixth Page)
only the poor farmer who suffers, and
who cares for him, save for a short time
previous to the general election? To
pass a law requiring certain expenses
to be incurred and then failing to pro-
vide funds for them, shows little wis-
dom on the part of our legislators, while
to apply the funds belonging to certain
work to supply the deficiency is an act
of injustice to those concerned.

The inventor is having his innings
in these days, especially in the line of
labor-saving machines. A pie-making
machine that can turn out four hundred
pies an hour, untouched by the hand of
the housewife, untilIt it is turned out of
the oven, was recently described in the
Scientifle American. This will interest
all housekeepers. And now comes a ma-
chine for milking cows which copies as
nearly as possible the action of the hand
when milking. A brace of four squesbers
is provided, each resting in a box, all
being secured on t common frame in
such a way that the receiving boxes' can
he adjusted to any cow. Great is the
American inventor.
Johnson grass, says Mr. J. W. Still-
man, agrostologist of the office of grass
and forage plant investigations, "is prob-
ably the most troublesome weed in the
Southern States," and recently the Bu-
reau of Plant Industry has issued a pre-
liminary bulletin on the subject of its
extermination, giving the result of expe-
riments made on a farm in Texas, ac-
companied by three plates and four
text figures. Mr. Stillman thinks-as no
doubt do many others-"it is very un-
fortunate that a grass which wil pro-
duce three good crops of hay in an ordi-
nary season should be so hard to con-
trol as to render it a very serious pest."
The distinguished gentleman who pre-
Hides over the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture has made a predic-
tion that lower retail prices will pr-
vail during the coming season for meat,
dairy products, poultry and other neees-
4ities of life. It may he, but the coun-
try merchant says that canned milk and
ream is going up in the wholesale mar-
tet. and once in awhile he adds a cent
to the tinned meats. Which does not go
to bear out Secretary Wilson's opti-
mistic predictions, based on "the enor-
mous yields of small grain and corn in
the great grain territory of Illinois,
Minnesota, the Dakotas, Towa, Nebraska
and Kansas." lye also made the startling
discovery that meat producers have been
losing money for the last few years, but
that the heavy grass crop of this sea-
son. in addition to the great ont nnd
porn vield. will bring bout normal feed-
in. conditions. But will the beef trust
,"onle find this out. and the wholesale
ldenler and the retail merchant in a way
hnat will out off the extra pennife on
The enormous amount of canned goodsl
,0fed. mny, in our own State. not to men-
Sion the rest of the Union? We doubt,
it. rhenp food products are of the pa t.
'I'hp growthh of ponlation. both home.
,niqtod and imported. is in increasing
*-itio nnd above that of the producing
-'Insn. The cities and towns are hecom-
in,' liehives of humanity onnumermp but
11t nroducers. We are inclined to think
iint the former :and fruit growers of
lloridn are better off than they are in
,nnnv of the other States in the Union';
hut. If thev et more. they pay more,
**nil wherein lis the benefit?

Can a radish be changed and become
a potato? Some experiments along this
line seem to prove it. A Frenchman has
invented the process by which he takes
i young radish and cultiates it in a
glass retort with a concentrated solu-
tion of glucose, by which starch devel-
ops in its cells, and, losing its peppery
flavor, acquires the consistency, flavor
and nutritive qwilities of the potato.
The discovery is regarded in France as
one which may hnve far-racshing conse-
quences, but Just how, we fall to per.
selve. Our farmers will continue to raise
"taters" in the old-fashioned way in
spite of M. Molliard's invention, and
the radish will remain as suob--e long
Sthe Mn OO Nadeu .-

Where are You Buying

Your Fuitrnture?.

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tending buyer should have this book, it will save you
many a dollar, and give you the highest satisfaction


Recognized as the best established and most reliable


Furniture Store in Florida


believe it would beo to your advantage

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22, 24, 26, 28, 30 West Bay Street
Phone 994 Jacksonville, Florida

L orehlp


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In every

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to sell

Writer The Geo. W. Clark Co. 306 Main St.
Trmn I C. lr JaeksnvillI Rnrida

1 Southern

Fuel and Supply Co.
Jacknville, Fla.,

Convenient to buE

%navl9volsvpq I owl lug
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Honan and Bay s.
Jacksonville, Hfa.


mirv1"9 5 1 flin
The Constitution of the State of Flor-
Mte attMfei Mail erts elielted *ida, Section 12, creating the State Board
of Pardons, reads as follows:
i r* "The (Overnor, Secretary of State,
ritl Pflc Compittroller, Attorney General and Com-
missioner of Agriculture, or a major
part of them, of whom the Governor shall
JOBBERS he one, may. upon sueh conditions and
with sueh limitations and restrictions
Electric Apparatus I Supplies as they may deem proper, remit lines
and forfeitures,. commute punishment,
lha(tliluanrtersfire'erytiingehlectri- and grant pardon after conviction, in
c'l. ( ',onplte telpiou'xchings ~~ll cases except terenson and, iinipanch-
nald |irivalte lin es. Islatehl electric ment, subject to such regulations ai nmy
lighlti ng iand power plants. ho prescribed by law relative to the man-
ner of applying for pardons."
22, 24, 26, 28 W. Forsyth St. s- any consid(rable number of peo-
iacro ll ?pe lc consider r that the Pardon Board has
Jacksonville, Fla. violated the Con.sttion, either in word
or spirit, as quoted above, in those two
ICEI IS T instances? They are only samples.
RICEL LIST There was granted by the Board of
Pardons, in this State, during the year
G M 11104, 38 conditional pardons, the board
reserving the right to have the paroled
N uller & C oo turned over to the State prison authori-
ties for violating any of the conditions
P. 0. Box 34 of the pardon, or parole. The number
of persons in the penitentiary in this
Jaoksonville, Florida State, or rather in the hands of con-
tractors, as we have no penitentiary. on
January 1, 1903, was 1.123; tle number
WHISKIES committed during the year was 407;
W those discharged during the year by ex-
IDuial iye, X, ,r gil 'l piration of sentence were 206.
2.X) We will take up a prison in another
I)uval I3ye, X \ X, ,1. l 2'.i State--one that holds a greater num-
(1Ol (ivo., per gal .. 2.(A) her of convicts than Florida has in her
Monogrami, I'r gil 2.A() prison--JToliet prison, in Illinois. We
I'remiun, I*,wi gll. 2. find that it had for the year beginning
hroki l Ma ,Octolber 1, 1903, 1,245 prisoners; during
Chliroke ir gal .... ... 'l the year 627 were added; at the end of
('allaglher & lt rton, I'r gal l3.") the year they had 1,415; total number
C. I. Aulains, ljTr gal 4.(4 ) paroled, 320. 13 died, 74 sentences Px-
Old (olulihia pe 'r al 4.00) pired, and 56 returned from parole. To
Lord altirI gl5.X)- October 1, 1904, there had been 2,744
Lord, | .1 gl .onvicts paroled. 344 returned, and 127
re-paroled since the parole system was
RUMI adopted. .July 1. 1895.
,New ] lgli, 'r gill $175. The reports from the above prison,
Nw l .. which is one of the be-t-managed in the
Jailiiaih, iper l .. 1.75 United States. mikem the following show-
Jamaica, Importedl, lr gal 5.(X) ing in their tabulated statement for the
year ending September 30, 1904. which
Scl w ter Pt ,,l shows a marvelous change in favor of
Be sure to n"ho e'itlhr ot llcparole system. inaugurated July 1,
Be ExprI Mloiy Order a, M.Vou will. by reading the Illinois
lahr-, .Ol, the board caused final dis-
Ir tiI usM once, you'll c ar ge p ff ,a in some 1, after
.Wi~th us.atsuix d months 'llIreas we .eldom u iway-that'M 1 do a but mp j, im

For Highly Profitable Results

uS Florida's Favorite Fertilizers


PWaroning qf Criminals
(Continue I from Tenth Page)
County, Fla.; I am a turpentine oper-
ator, and have followed it for several
years. I know David Mitchell, known
as "Black Kid;" I have known him for
several years, having brought hlim to
this State from South Carolina, several
years ago. We kept him around my
father's house for several months, and 1
worked him in the woods dipping tur-
pentine, etc., and I know and can truth-
fully and conscientiously say his
mind in very defective. I consider that
lie is far below the general average of
even the commonest negro.
It. It. Tison, Travis George, J. A.
Jackson, L. C. Powell, John S. Bennett,
naval stores operators, all testify to the
same effect.
Messrs. J. S. Thomas, Geo. A. Gard-
ner, J. 0. Moore, H. W. Raiford, Sen-
ator J. B. Crews, ion. J. lamp Jones,
J.1. H. Austin, chief of police; Geo. 11.
Douglas, T. H. Wills, R. S. Crews and
.1. M. Mitchell of the Red Cross Phar-
macy, all testify in letters to the same
Mr. D. M. Gornto, in his letter, says
that he does not believe that "Black
Kid" is a fit subject for the gallows, and
joins the other petitioners in pleading
for a commutation of sentence from
hanging to life imprisonment, upon the
ground that "Black Kid" does not pos-
sess that degree of intelligence that
should he present when a man is hanged.
Mr. J. A.A. Jackson says that "Blak
Kid" should not be hanged; his mind is
There are several more letters and
telegrams to the same effect.
Mr. D. M. Wills, in a letter, states
that lie is a graduate of the Army and
Navy Training School, at Washington,
1. U., and having nursed in the North-
ern Hospital for the Insane, also the
insane .hospital at Chattahoochee, Fla.,
lie is led front tlit Xj)(TiPlrlc afor said
to believe and know that "Black Kid"
is intellectually far below tihe( common
person; that he is not capalie of know-
ing right from wrong, and lie says lihe
does not bdlievoe he is a proper person to
be langed.

Full Quart Msaum 4 0t
l tinting Cluh I.v................2 65
Neso Coliunty y .............2 4 I1
M oitog riin Ky .................. : 1' )
i ine's I" Ity. ............... :1 7
Social D)>ros ............I 5I"
Malt \\'hisk y.................1....
I'aehli irtir ly..................... 75,
A i lri ly.....................:1 75
Holhln l iIn ........................ 2
( nt' it ( ill ........................ 7
Northli ('8 'oliiL ( 'l' ........... 2 i6
Mo inta i Corn...................... 75
. aitni ln a RIt iii ..................... 2 so1
MN dfor I Rtiin..................... :1... 7
( ir pe, I'tn nldy....................... 1 7
King of Kentucky ItouirlMi :175


Assertimet allowed m all lpods of usam pr

17 i lyt.s (in, corn g( (M) graile.........................$1 o)
7 .'A Rye, ( il, Corwn Rl .in, till,, qu ality ................. 2 (K)
s IN y,R : y ll, iCorn, Itullll,. hst for the Imlloey...... 2O50
S7" 1 4i "ItI Rye, 'e'uch1 an14 A pl Illtriany, imellow.
12 lN d iy agei ......................................... .... .... 3 O
I. ) Victorrin Ity, S'iall liini s lr i", in'ellihihuil
) qua lity........ ...... .................................. .1 o.
9'* A ) LIMP ST. LOUIS BIER Per oez
7 INI lsta lT l .r ................................. ............$1 25
SN ) E xitra I' h ............................ ....... ................. ll
7 *" 2 Staundlan l ................ ................ ........
S 50i Malt I xtati dark ............ ....... .... 1 10
) ( 'trltr* il tm l' il........................................ IN)
!'. 1 5 '41 (4 iiii i .r, St llit, pilltu .......................... ........... 2 25
e I PrimhkbytheBarreloanapplatiun



The Bond &Bours Co.
10 W. Bay St., Jacksonville, Florida,

lhrg hav tto tnoluItevc to tlu tra dl thlt 11 iiitentse, a well
assorted and a oipIhte stock of


h as ci parcin-ase4Iand iu l ftiw eV Iyfor (is'dt ni ilt i' 'IIIat
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Wholesale Lots

Mail orders solicited
the trade


Xasury's 'aints


Our Salesman will visit
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Sash, Blinds, Glass

f o r f Farming Vools

Stoves, Tinware and Sporting Goods

The Bond & Bours Co.,


November 18, 1905

---- Advertisemenots on this page cost $1 per inch each insertion.


Mmfte tNb

We anrry a complete etok of Fertilizing Material and Poultry Foods
Your orders will resolve prompt attention. Your Inquiries the same. Alents wanted

Joseph Zapf & Co. a
Slob Distributors ofe the Celebrated

Anheuser-Busch Beers j
Also Wholesale Wines, Uquors, Mineral Waters, eto


Wines, Whiskies, Beer and Malt

Kuppenheimer Clothes
Malo to Fit and War

Crawford Shoes
TIm Last that Lats


E Mall Orders Promptly and Properly
Looked After

Jaoksegllle, Fla.

Our Jeweler

15 W. Bay St. Jacksonville, Fla.


. -

A .

ber 18, 1905 THE SUN 15

Advertisements on this

page cost $1 per inch each insertion.

P'lease binenltioji Thle Still When ansMwerIing telQiU

- -

wrong and Enduring

Old Hickory and

White Hickory


Easy riding, light
vell wearing


Columbus Buggies

Are sold in

iacksonville, Florida




everything in

Studebaker Wagons

Florence Wagons

Babcock Buggies




Vehicle Emporium and

Harness Manufacturers

Your order
when sent to

S. B. Hubbard
JucKsonville, Fla.

Iowa Farming Tools
Plows and Plow Shapes





S. B. Hubbard Co.
Jacksonville, Fla.

tract hanging over the prisoner's head
throughout life.
Next compare the number of pamroles
granted by the Pardon Board of Florida.
We find, from the report of the Illinois
State prison at Joliet:
Statement showing a comparison of
recomnnitments of convicts to the lli-
nois State Penitentiary for the ar
1894-95, under thq definite sentence law,
and six years under the indeterminate
sentence law:
From July 1, 1894, to July 1, 1895:
Second term, 113; third term, 30; fourth
term, 13; fifth term, 5; sixth twrm, 2'.
Total, 1009. Per cent, 17.58.
Total number convicts received, 9601.
k)aily count, July 1, 1895, 1,677.
From July 1, 1896, to July 1, 1897:
1'cond term, 54; third term, 23; fourth
term, 6; fifth term, 2. Total, 85. Per
cent, 14.88.
Total number convicts received, 571.
Daily count, July 1, 1897, 1,337.
From July 1, 1897, to July 1, 1898:
Total number convicts received, 53(1.
Daily count, July 1, 1898, 1,403.
cent, 12.34.
term, 4; fifth term, 1. Total, 06. Per
Second term, 53; third term, 8; fourth
From October 1, 1899, to October 1
1900:* Second term, 34; third term, 9;
fourth term, 3. Total, 40. Per cent,
Total number convicts received, 434.
Daily count, October 1, 1900, 1,257.
From October 1, 1900, to October 1,
1901: Second term, 35; third term, 4;
fourth term, 4. Total, 43. Per cent,
Total number convicts received, 434.
Daily count, October 1, 1901, 1,203.
From October 1, 1901, to October 1,
1902: Second term, 50; third term, 7;
fourth term, 2; sixth term, 3. Total,
(L. Per cent, 15.12.
Total number convicts received, 410.
Daily count, October 1, 1902, 1,227.
From October 1, 1902, to October 1,
1903: Second term, 27; third term, 0;
fourth term, 3. Total, 39. Per cent,
Total number convicts received, 424.
Daily count, October 1, 1003, 1,245.
From October 1, 1903, to October 1,
1904: Second term, 40; third third term, 1;
fourth term, 6; fifth term, 1. Total,
48. Per cent, 8.92.
Total number convicts received, 538.
Daily count, October 1, 1904, 1,415.
By carefully reading the above fig-
ures you will find that the per cent of
the prisoners sentenced for second, third,
fourth, fifth and sixth terms, before the
parole system was inaugurated in 1895
in Illinois, was much greater than the
per cent for second, third, fourth, fifth
and sixth terms in 1904 under the parole
system, which demonstrates what all
law-makers aim to bring about: First.
reformation; second, a reduction in the
number of criminals committed. In
other words, the figures show that many
persons were reformed under the parole
system, and must have become good cit-
izens, as they were not again sentenced
in anything like the same number, as
convicts were retired and convicted,
under the old system.
Next, compare the number of pardons
granted at Joliet prison with the num-
her of pardons granted by the Board of
Pardons of Florida.
We find from the report of the Illinois
State prison, at Joliet:
First-That they had at the end of
the year, September 30, 104, 1,415
prisoners. *
Second-During the year the board
paroled 344.
Third-That those released by ex-
pirntion of sentence were 77.
Fourth-That in Florida we had, in
1004. about 1,200.
Fifth-That conditional pardons were
granted to 38. i
Sixth-That there were released by
expiration of sentence 206.
I submit, above, table 8 of the report
of the Joliet prison, report of 1894-95,
just as it is in the report, which table
demonstrates very clearly that the num-
tier of prisoners sentenced for second,

third, fourth, fifth and sixth terms
grows less under the system adopted in
that State, under the parole system
adopted in 1895.
Reformation is desired. Can we
brutalize people into being good, or can
we best accomplish the desired effect by
doing as others do who succeed in mak-
ing substantial reforms? Unless t.,re
is hope of reforming a criminal, nothing,
less than killing him will rid us of him,
and that ideal no one would dani ,d-
yaw 0 t% IowuAW


501 West Bay and 16-18 Clay Streets

Cow ress ip.l ............................. $ I
I I tinr. 's S, h, ,t....... ... .... .. ........... 2 (V
Ilh iiry 's Ii ,s t .................................................. :t (N )
li M o iiogriiiii.................................... ........... I (N
M y C ol ... ........................ ... ... ........ ;
h o lli dnI (fli ............. ................ ....... $ 1 : ) h ) : r )
C o ri W hih.y k ............. ......... ..... ........... I ,i to :t ri

* Jacksonville, Florida

irXMU PIPAJ0 49 s
I' rm I .............................. .................. $2 7r
oiin ry 's ist .................................................. : it 20
M ow ni 11111i .....................................................,. I J )
My ('Thoh.4 IKtyl...................................... ..... 5,
o llhti iill O e N tr.................. ................. 2 75
Iolltllnl (lln, Two Star............................ :1 20
h ,llan l i hl 'III hre, i ar ................... ............ 4 20
ilhlnry's Nxim-lil lBraniil N. C. Corn ............... : 20

We guarantee all our goods and refund money If not satisfactory.
HENRY FRCE, Proprietor

Want Big Crops ?

Ideal Fertilizer
"ulordi Vegetable"- A\ 4Enlhh-t inmiial on Floridla Cr(nl .
"Firdia Orange"-,A\ hiik (of si.dal ihiternt to Oraiin (trowerm.
"Florita Strawb0rrlies-l ho ,kl ht ,n "Soil, VariA-tis, (Cltivatioi alnd lertilizatiou."
"Irlel PtIM"Ne-loklekIm, So0il, S--1, I'laltiiih aiid (Cuhltivation, F.i-ct of Fer-
tili. rm, I ijtingR i il Sl' ppig."
"Pelneo Ferilllsnig If Ii|irl inrst li tIo PilappIh (rowers.
"lIdel krtilrlw"--ook shlowiin all oir different I rands, Analymis, Plricm, etc.
NIw i mevind iMtlWi of M abnve i4 purlei, li iM Ihe 1 W 1oask
Wilson & Toomer Fertilizer Company

In case of sickness

Seeba's White Label Whisky
Is the the thinA to have handy
If in Aood health

Barbarosa Beer

IM aleiremUso
day we pt Mm

WHI keep you just so

m iplsehs.In f ps% r.,MI
Wilotm mWClpn e F.SEEMrIDmA


Brobston-Fendig Co.

Jacksonville, Fla.


Saw Mill Timber
Virgin Pine Timber
Saw Grass Lands

Make our offloe your heaIquartir while vitilg JksNeuvill

Brobston-fendij Co.

212 W. Forsyth St.




kber 18, 1905

. 15


Advertisementaon this page cost $1 per inch each insertion. Please mention The Sun when answering them

$l O

' E.







The second contest for our $100 o Prize will take place in Jacksonville at the Pure Food Exposition
to be held January th to 18th, 1906. The prizes offered are as follows: $100 in gold for the best box
of oranges; $5I 4 goecond best;,'$ for third best; $60 for best box grape fruit; $25 for second best;
S$10 for third best. For'full particulars, address,


0. Painter


sm v w*


Made by Fox Rii



rer Butter Co. First in Stren

Highest in quality

Williams Bros.



igth and Parity


The C. B. Van Deman Company

Office and Warerooms, Cor. Bay and Washington Sts.

Jacksonville, Fla.

9 _


Florf a Cgarand

Wholesale Tobacconists

634 West Bay Street

- -

Jacksonville, Florida

I 0 i
We have made the
Pipe Business
our special study

o f if
Inerior view of our
Pipe Line
on second floor

Our Pipe Line
Is so complete, so extensive and
so well selected that pipe buying,
when done by our line, becomesn
one of the easy things in life.

Brought to Your Door
By our salesman, our line re-
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appointment incident to ordering
by catalogue.
o I o

Here are'displayed,/n quickly get-at-able arrangement, the first really adequate stock of Pipes
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Sorida Cigar & Tobacco Coo


a (I


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Van Camp's Products


*)# ~

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i I



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