This item is only available as the following downloads:
Weather Forecast: Fair and colder;
1 4. mTi4 nravd minimum tm.
OCALA, FLORIDA, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 1918.
perature central portion 26'to 30 de- I
VOL. 25, NO. 31
grees; Tuesday iair, coiaer in? souui.
A. V 1 t
Silenced Artillery of the Germans
Saturday Evening on the"
With the American Army, France,
Sunday, Feb. 3. American officers
are elated over the results of the first,
artillery duel between American and
German gunners, which occurred Sat
urday evening. Infantry commanders
paid a tribute to the promptness with
which the artillery responded to the
call fort a barrage and the effective effectiveness
ness effectiveness of the artillery fire.
TWO KILLED; NINE WOUNDED
' r -'- '.
With the. American Army, France,
Feb. 3. A German barrage fire at
5 sundown last night opened the heav-f
iest bombardment of many days along
z. the American sector, the American
artillery replying shell for, shell as
the firing of the heavy guns spread
along several kilometers of front.
Two Americans were ; killed and
nine wounded during the bombard bombard-'
' bombard-' ment and one suffered shell shock. ?
It was ascertained today that the
. American gunners had wrecked sev several
eral several of the enemy dugouts .and so
badly damaged the first line positions
that at one point the Germans were
unable to occupy them Sunday.
When the bombardment had reach reached
ed reached its greatest intensity, the Ger Germans
mans Germans suddenly concentrated their fire
at two points, throwing about 250
shells into a town in" which the head-,
quarters of a certain regiment are
RED CROSS RECOGNIZED
f After the bombardment, a wound wounded
ed wounded American soldier was discovered
in a position where it was necessary
to carry him over" a trench top to a
field dressing station. A medical
man displayed the Red Cross flag and
the Germans ceased firing until the
man was removed.
. Early in the day an American wa3
wounded by a sniper:
LOCATED IN LORRAINE
With the American Army, France,
SaturdayTFeb. 2. American troops
are now occupying a sector on the
Lorraine front; The military censor
has permitted publication of this an announcement.1
nouncement.1 announcement.1 AMERICANS RECEIVE MUCH
With the American Army, France,
Sunday, Feb. 3. The wholeAmeri-
can Rector is resounding with the
boom of guns. Airmen became ex ex-H
H ex-H ceedingly active alone the American
front today. Enemy snipers wounded
two Americans slightly .early this
morning.' . .:'
A shift of s 'the wind today cleared
away the mist which "has hindered
aerial operations and other activities
for several days. A number of bat battles
tles battles in the air were fought by pa patrolling
trolling patrolling planes early this afternoon.
In one instance 'the French aviators
defeated an attempt of German fliers,
to cross behind American trenches.
The artillery' and snipers also have
; become increasingly active. American
75's are harassing traffic behind the
enemy) trenches: The Germans are
confining their fire largely to the
TRENCH RAID ON TEUJONS
London, Feb. 4 A party of : our
troops raided en'emy trenches east of
Hargicourt last night, says today's
official announcement. Hostile artil artillery
lery artillery was active during the night in
the neighborhood of Lens and north northeast
east northeast of Gaverelle.
LIGHTER BRITISH LOSSES
London, Feb. 4. British casualties
for the past week totalled 6354. This
is the lowest mark in many months,
and compares with 8588 for the pre previous
vious previous week.
The friends of Mr. and Mrs. Louie
Toffaletti and family sympathise with
them in, the death of Mr. Toffaletti's
mother, Mrs. Ermenegilda Toffaletti,
which occurred at her home in Port
Tampa City Sunday morning. Mrs.
Toffaletti was 72 years of age and
lived in Ocala until about twelve
years ago, when she moved to to
Port Tampa, where her three other
, sons reside. Mrs., Toffaletti also leaves
two married daughters.
, The body is expected this afternoon
and will be accompanied by one of
the four sons, Mr. -Rinaldo Toffaletti.
The f unejjal services will be held im-y--
mediately from St. Phillips aCtholic
church, and the remains laid-to rest
in Greenwood cemeteryA
Nunnally's Candies, always fresh,
' at Gerig's Drug Store. tf
ALLIES READY FOR
In Spite of Reinforcements from
Russia, Baiter Believes Germans
Weaker on Western Front
' (Associated Press j
Washington, D. C, Feb. 4.- Secre Secretary
tary Secretary Baker's weekly war review) is issued
sued issued today makes official announce announcement
ment announcement that American troops are t
last occupying a portion of the actual
battlef ront for the first time. Also
the secretary declares it is fully be-,
lieved the AlliesNbave a preponder
ance of men and guns on ..the-" west
German line has been strengthened j RATES TO FLORIDA WONT BE
by troops from the Russiansfront. He RAISED
warns the nation not to let reports A
of strikes and other internal distur-1 Jhe Interstate Commerce Com Com-bances
bances Com-bances in Germany slacken its war i mission has further suspended to
preparations. ; Aug. 8th the proposed rate increases
. ' in carload commodity rates on grain
, .. and grain products from East St.
The best line of stationery we have Louis to Florida points. ; v
ever shown at Geng's Drug Store, tf i
'OIL UNDER FOOD ADMINISTRA-
W. K. Lane, M. D.
Surgeon, specialist Eye, Ear, Nose and
Throat. Law Library Building, Ocala,
INCOME TAX COLLECTOR
Deputy Collector C. T. Watson will
be in room 213 second floor, nostoffice J
building, until the 16th instant, with t
blanks and other necessary informa- j
tion, and will be glad to assist alk-has
persons liable, for income tax returns. J
Have you tried that Jonteel Cola ;
Cream yet? It is, a wonder, and soldj
in Ocala only at Gerig's Drug Store, tf i
Babies Will Win Five Hundred
They're off! 1
The bars are down and the great
race for fame and fortune 'is- on.
Today 's paper shows the first list
of babies entered in the Star's big
Shower of Gold for Babies.
See if your little favorite is among
A .sua 'v.' ;. ::'" "...
. ,r -j-v.v? ? vk&l ;
. ; ARTHUR LEE BURGESS
The Baby Son of Mr. and Mrs. A.
S. Burgess of Orange "Avenue, is one
of the first of the Little Candidates in
the Shower of Gold for Babies.
t If not, hesitate no longer, call us
up or drop in this evening and quali qualify
fy qualify as a contender for the honors. The
Shower of Gold headquarters is open.
In today's list.appears the names of
those babies whose parents are alive
to the opportunity offered by The
Star. They have quickly grasped the
significance of A this great undertak undertaking,
ing, undertaking, and determined upon a course,
which, if pursued v throughout the
campaign will result in final victory.
Where will you be when the Week
ly Star's Shower cf Gold campaign
comes to a close? ;
Will you be the proud and happy
father or mother of a prize winning
baby, or will you be numbered among
those who wilfully passed up the won wonderful
derful wonderful opportunity offered by the
f Why, not put the question to your
self squarely ? You want to see your
baby succeed in life, don't you?. Yoi.
know you do, and we know it, too. But
tq get right dovm to brass tacks, what
are you going to da-to help.it along
life's rough road? Of course you are
providing for the little tot's present
ALL THE QUOTAS
WILL BE 111
Men of the First Drift Will be Ac Accounted
counted Accounted for by the First
; of March 'j'-'i
Washington, Feb. 4. Provost Mar Marshal
shal Marshal General Crowd er announce to today
day today that the movement of the last in increments
crements increments of the men of the first draft
would begin Feb. 23d and f ontinue
for five 'days. This will complete
the operation of the first draft as all
states will have furnished their full
'A presidential proclamation plac placing
ing placing the oil industry, under the fuel
administration is expected to be is issued
sued issued today.
SOON BE DECIDED
In order to determine the constitu-
tionality of the child labor law as
early as possible, the supreme court
agreed to hear argumentsApril
19th in the case appealed from North
RAILROAD BILL REPORTED,
The administration railroad bill as
needs; they're not great now. And no
doubt he or she will toddle off to
school when they reach the proper
age. And when they reach their ma majority,
jority, majority, they'll have to strike out with
both fists to wrest a" living from tht
world. Just consider for a moment
that a few short weeks, of spare time
effort" on your part will absolutely
assure its future, if you enter its
name in the Weekly Star's Shower of
Gold for Babies and win one of the
many prizes offered in return for a
little work. You "can win if you enter
now. Every' one has an equalchance,
and just forget for a while that there
is such a thing as- failure. Failure
doesn't exist for the resourceful.
Eugene Talton ............... H. E.
Charles Swain, Jr. ......... Charles
Sarah J eanette Irby . ....
Willie M. Swain. .... ...
Thelma Padgett ... .
Reginald Howell ......
Dorothy Nelson . . . . .
John Maier . . . . .
. E. H.
. H. G.
. E. R.
Virginia Fay Sumner. ... .. . .R. L.
Edgar Pelot, Jr .... .... .Edgar
Iver Gale . . rT. '. .. 1 ... . .O. M.
Eleanor Abshire . ". . . . . . W. F.
Marjorie Ashworth. ... ... . .A. E.
Alice Weihe . . . . . ; .... L.
Jennie Lee Tillis. .......
Jack, Dal ton .. .......
James Madison Barco . . .
Lois Ellis . . . . ......... . J. G.
Alice Blanche Ausley... .J. P.
Sue Sherouse. ...... . . ... . J. E.
Robt. Swindel Jr. .... .... . .. .Robt.
Mae Leonard Edson . . ...... . J. O.
Robert Tullis ...Chas. M.
Franc Dorr. ... .". Wj L.
Willie Ruth Dprr. ... . ... ....G. H.
'-:" EASTLAKE y
Hubert Lidicker '. . i?
Willie Lewis Cowart . .... . ......
Mary Ethel Grantham . :
Francis Cook ... .. .... .... ..... ..
Ralph E. Seckinger .W. B.
Kaserin Ray.. ......... ... A. G.
William Hugh Spurlin '. . . J. C.
Iris Parker ............... .......
Ruth Strickland .......... ..
, LECANTO (Citrus County)
Lynn Cecil Barnes. ............ G. O.
Shortage of Coal and Blizzard Com Combined
bined Combined Bring Misery to the
People of Chicago
. Chicago Feb. 5-The most acutb
fuel shortage of the winter, with one
of, the coldest days combined, bring
what officials declared is really a ser serious
ious serious situation here. The mercury
stood at .10 below zero. Thousands
of homes are without fuel.
i Location of the Blame Will Not Bring
Dead of Halifax Back
i to Life
" (Associated Press)
Halifax, Feb. 4. Blame for the
collision between the French munition
ship Mont Blanc,- and a Belgian relief
ship on December 6th was placed
upon Pilot MacKay of Halifax and
Captain Lamodec of the French ship
in a judgment announced today by
the. government commission which in investigated
vestigated investigated the collision..
We have left a few of those 29-cent
b(xes of Correspondence Cards which
we think will please you. Gerig's
' Do you read the want ads?
agreed upon by the Senate interstate
I commerce committee was formally
reported today to the Senate. Mi Minority
nority Minority reports will be made bySen bySen-ators
ators bySen-ators LaFollette and Cummins.
Virginia Kate Howell ..C. B.
Lloyd Tucker, Jr. ............ .Lloyd
Bateman ..... ... ..... .J. H.
Loulee Baldwin ............... C. W.
Willie May Sanders ...............
Oliver J. Fort . .
Lewis Martin .....................
Ralph 'McKinney .... ............
Ernest Murphy ....,......... C. R.
Florence Lotz.... ......... ,.J. L.
Arthur, Lee Burgess. . . .... .A. S.
Marshall Dozier Smith. J. C.
Arthur Thomas McAteer. .. . .Harris
Alice Nasri . . ... l. ......... .x. G.
Doris Amelia Young (Route A) C. L.
Baby Pinder (Box 422) ...... iE. W.
Catherine A. Welch ........ David S.
Wm. Nelson'Sears ..... Mrs. Annie
Harry S. Sawaya. . .M.'. S.
Cecil P. Gwinn .............. George
Evelyn L. Jones. II. C.
Donald W. Tagg. W. T.
John J. Mayo. . ............ .D. B.
Leslie J. Teuton i ...... C.
Mary K. Dozier. .B. Mca
Jewel H. Fore. Joe
Charles Rawls, Jr. ......... ..Charles
Sarah, Katherine Martin. ..... .Robt.
Myrtle Driggers .Jonas
Frances Joyner .F. M.
Wm. O'Dell, Jr. . . Wm.
Carmen Warnock ............... C.
Naomi Perry. . . . J. H.
Katherine Maude Yongue
Roy Wilson.................. J. W.
Wesley Hall, "Jr.-. ......... .Wesley
Eugene K. Tyler. ... . .... ...C. A.
William Taylor Mayo ... . .Nathan
Dorothy Timmons .................
Mildred Stewnan ..................
Pearl Luff man W. O.
Ernestine Thomas. ..... .. . . J. E.
Wm. Goolsby .Ellis
Minnie Shaw. ...... . . .... .V. H.
Beginning today and ending Satur Saturday,
day, Saturday, Feb. 9th, Booster Period is in
effect, and 25,000 extra votes are is issued
sued issued on each subscription. This is in
addition to the regular schedule.
Car Crushed and Its Driver Severely
Injured at the Gainesville Road
' and A. C. L. Crossing
A bad auto accident, which may re result
sult result fatally, occurred at the crossing
of the A. C L. and the Gainesville
road, just 'inside the city limits this
Mr.'E. Ludwig of Gainesville, sup superintendent
erintendent superintendent of a mine at Floral City,
and on his Way there, was approach approaching
ing approaching the crossing in a car about 10
o'clock when the yard engine backed
up to couple on to some cars near the
railroad scales. Seeing the enginb
backing, Mr. Ludwig tried to stop,
but his brakes wouldn't work and the
car ran on the track just in time for
the tender to strike it. The car was
rolled over and over for, the railroad
men say, 160 feet, and was as nearly
rolled into a ballsas a car could be.
Mr. Ludwig was rolled with the car
part of the way, and how he escaped
death is a mystery. He was picked
up and the Coast Line physician sum summoned,
moned, summoned, by-whom he was taken to the
hospital. There it was found he was
suffering from a broken leg and a
fractured thigh. Unless he is in jur jur-ed
ed jur-ed internally, he will probably re recover.
cover. recover. It is almost needless to say he
is being given the best of attention.
, At the time the engine struck the
car, there was no flagman oij, the
crossing nor any lookout on the en engine.
gine. engine. The engineer was on the right
side of the engine and his view of the
road was cut off by the tender. The
firemen was -probably looking the
other way The other members of
the yard crew were ahead of the en engine
gine engine and some distance from the
' That is a dangerous crossing.
There have been several accidents
there, one of them fatal, and they will
continue to occur until the city gov government
ernment government gets sand enough in its craw
to make the railroad put up gates.
Paper Read by Mayor Chace at the
Meeting of the Ocala Woman
Club, February 2nd
. Madam President, and Ladies of
the Woman's Club: In preparing this
paper on city government, my first
idea was to begin it with a historical
resume of the development of cities,
and city government, and trace this
development in a broad way thru its
several- stages down to the modern
city and its problems. This proved to
be impracticable because of the
length of such paper, and the more or
lets academic aspect of such a treat
ment. However there are a few points
in connection with the historical as aspect
pect aspect which may prove of more than
The history of the ancient world
after its emergence from barbarism,
is largely a history of its cities. "At
the beginning in "both Greece and
Rome, the city state wSs the unit of
political government and growth.!
; As we go to Grjeece or rather to
Athens for the first and finest ex examples
amples examples of art, philosophy, eloquence
and literature, so do we go to her for
the first, examples of democratic gov government.
ernment. government. The practice of public dis discussion,
cussion, discussion, the popular assembly and
the common council, are first found
To the Greek mind, the history of
the race begins with the founding of
cities, and no other people has so con concentrated
centrated concentrated its life and thought upon
the perfecting of city life.
We are all familiar in a general
way with the broad outlines of the
history of Rome, but probably few of
us have realized the truth of Guizot's
statement in his "History of Civiliza Civilization,"
tion," Civilization," that the "History of the jCon jCon-quest
quest jCon-quest of the World by Rome, is the
history of the conquests and founda foundations
tions foundations of a great number of towns,"
and that "the government of Rome
was merely the aggregate of the in institutions
stitutions institutions which .were suited to a
population confined within the, walls
of a city.
When Rome had crumbled in the
dust, and that period known as the
dark ages had come upon the world,
it is a significant fact that the in influence
fluence influence of towns and cities, as fac factors
tors factors in government, became insigni insigni-canL
canL insigni-canL The cities of Europe of this
period were small, their streets un unimproved
improved unimproved and unclean, and the gen general
eral general necessities of urban, life unpro unprovided
vided unprovided for. Still what was left of an ancient
cient ancient art, learning and culture, found
its home during this lawless period in
the towns and cities; and in the
course of their struggle for their
rights and liberties, there grew up on
the ruins of the ancient institutions,
our modern states and cities.
It was during the middle ages,
' 1 SEG1 Bll
Harsh Charges Against the. War
Department Made by Sen Senator
ator Senator Hitchcock
Washington, D. C, Feb. 4. Secre Secretary
tary Secretary Baker's recent statement to the
Senate military committee that the
United States would have half a mil million
lion million soldiers in France early this year
and that prospects were not'unprom-.
ising for ships to carry a million more
during the year, was characterized
today by Senator. Hitchcock in an
address to the Senate as "absolutely
preposterous and so exaggerated as
to convey-a false impression as to
what we can do and are doing."
Senator Hitchcock, who spoke in
support of the war cabinet and muni
tions director bills, said Secretar
Baker was notloubt sincere, but was
(mislead by a lack of information.
j President Wilson "doesn't know
i the real situation," the Nebraskan de declared.
clared. declared. ''Blunders that almost snr-
pass belief have occurred in the war
department. The shipbuilding situa situation
tion situation is a farce and almost a crime.
The transportation system of the
country has broken down and is a
gigantic wreck, with two millions of
tons of freight at New York await awaiting
ing awaiting ships.
"That the fuel administrator's
order paralyzed War and other indus industries
tries industries that food distribution has also
been insufficient," were among the
Administration leaders were pre prepared
pared prepared to reply to Hitchcock, and a
spirited debate is indicated.
WILL CROSS-EXAMINE BAKER
Washington, D. C, Feb. 4.- Secre Secretary
tary Secretary -Baker's cross-examination be before
fore before the Senate military committee,
set for today, has been postponed un until
til until Wednesday.
MARION COUNTY LIVE .
By direction of the president, Mr.
John L. Edwards, together with the
secretary, Mr. C; B. Howell, there
will be a meeting of the above named
association Tuesday afternoon, Feb February,
ruary, February, 5th, at 2:30 o'clock, at the
board of trade. It is urged that all in interested
terested interested in live stock will be present.
This association is one of great im importance
portance importance to Marion county and should
be well attended.
DELEGATE TO ORLANDO
Mr. A. C. Blowers, delegate from
the Ocala Motor Club, left early thi3
morning for Orlando, where he will
attend the Florida State Automobile
Association held -t in that city -today.
Mrr- Blowers takes with him some
important data to place before the
association and we trust that "Marion
county -will be benefited.
There are some very bad places in
our. public highways and.thi3 mattei
will betaken up at this meeting.
Buy war savings stamps to help
win the war, and have us fill your
prescriptions for accurate service.
The Court Pharmacy. tf
probably about the eleventh of twelfth
century, that the prototype of our
modern m city charter originated. It
has been said that "To the institu institutions
tions institutions of civil or politicarcorporations,
with large charter privileges, may be
attributed in some considerable de degree,
gree, degree, the introduction of regular government-
and stable protection, after
Europe had for many years been
deprived, by the inundation of the
barbarians, of all the civilization and
science which had accompanied 'the
These first cha:rters were instru instruments
ments instruments granted by the crown or fed federal
eral federal lords to particular cities, and
varied greatly a3 to privileges grant-,
ed and the fealty exacted.
This movement in England culmi culminated
nated culminated in the year 1215, in the grant granting
ing granting by King John' of the "Magna
Charter," which is one or the great
landmarks along the way of fre? in institutions;
stitutions; institutions; and since its enactment, ..
the great cities and towns of England
have enjoyed the' right of self gov government,
ernment, government, except for brief periods un under
der under some of the kings when these
rights were interpreted as privileges,
and were annulled. ,
In America from the first, the
rights of the local to self government,
has constituted one of the most im important
portant important features of our government.
It is true that the authority and
scope of the local government is de-fin.-d
by its charter, is an enactment
j of the state legislature. This would
I seem to make the fundamental law of
(Continued on Second Page)
OCALA EVENING STAR. MONDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 1918
OCALA EVENING STAR
Published Emr Dar Except Saadar bf
STAR PUBLISHING COMPANY,
OF OCALA, FLA.
K. R. Carroll, PrrMdet
P. V. lTeBHd,8eeretry-Trearer
J. H. Bcnjainla, Editor
Entered at Ocala,. Fla., postofflce as
second-class matter. ,'
DuImm Office ...... FfTetOae
Editorial Department '. . 'fwo-erea
Satiety ,' Editor ....... TwoOne-FlYe
MESBEIt ASSOCIATED PRESS
The Associated Press Is exclusively
entitled for the use for republication- of
ail news dispatches credited to it or
not otherwise credited "in this f paper
and also the local news ; published
herein. All rights of republication of
special dispatches herein are -also re reserved.
served. reserved. ',
One year, in advance
six montfis. m advance..
Three months in advance
One month, in advance...
One year, in advance....
Klx months, in advance..
Three months, in advance
One month, in advance...
DlMBlart Plate 10c. per Inch for'eon
secutlve insertions. Alternate tJnser tJnser-tions
tions tJnser-tions 25 per cent, additional. Composi Composition
tion Composition charged on ads. that run less than
six times 5c. per inch. Special;iposition
zv per cent, additional. Kates based on
4-inch minimum. Less than four' inches
will take higher rate, walch will be
rurmsnea on application.
Reading; Notice i 5c. per Ifne for 'first
Insertion ; 3c. per line f or ;eachr 'subse 'subsequent
quent 'subsequent insertion. One change a week
allowed on readers without extra' com
position charsres. (i ., .; ,.-,..,.
Iesral advt. .lsements at leeal rates.
Electros must be mounted, or charge
win De maoe ror mounting. .
As long as a government' can "af "afford
ford "afford to be criticised, it will endure.
At least, Hoover does not "require
the boys and girls to observe meet-
less aays. ;
This is blue 'Mohday sure enough.
It is cold as the deuce 4 and nor fires
allowed in stores and offices.
We don't have to make the pro profane
fane profane ejaculation, "Isn't1 it-hell?" any
more. It is its equivalent to say.
"Isn't it war?"
They are using our big American
locomotives on the railway that sup
plies our army m France.. Each is as
big as three of the French enginesnt
repiacea, ana tne tracks naq to m re re-laid
laid re-laid with 9p-pound Amerfcan rail to
hold them up.
It has been dver a 'year since Ger Germany
many Germany inaugurated the unrestricted
submarine campaign that was to
bring Great Britain to; its" 'knees !n
six months. Britain- stands1 as stiff as
ever, and a greater :ehemy,T than ever
is added to the f ranks .of Germany's
They 'are "'comparing the 'Russian
revolution with- the Trench bu if the
Russian 'of today had th' sense ind
the spunk of the Frenchman 1 of 125
years ago the attempt, to take Rus Russian
sian Russian territory would bring- on a' war
that would overwhelm Germany be before
fore before next winter.
Hmdenburcr 1 orders that 'Ge'rma'ri
workmen go back to their1 tasks this
morning or be ; shot down. If there
was anything in -the 'professions of
the Bolsheviki, s of ; their regard ; for
the workmen 'of the 'entire WorldMhis
alone would cause 5 them to'breakoff
relations with Germany.
An American boy' in France,' righi
up, on the front; writes to a friend in
this city: "The" year of 1918 is'here,
and spring" will come verv sbbn:With
it victory for us and peace 1 for'1 the
world, we hope; it?canhor be 'other 'other-wise.
wise. 'other-wise. We are all ready for anything
and anxious for the showdown." .7t
If war keeps on interferiner with
our amusements as it -has the r last
few months, there will -soon' benoth-
ing to go to of week evenings except
the Wednesday night prayermeetings;
By the way, a prayermceting wbuld
be quite a refreshing event, even: to
a sinner, if they would boil down -the
prayers and sing a lot of the good old
songs we were brought up "on.
It was to be supposed," of -course;
that the disturbances in Germany
would be put down with an iron hand,
and as loner as the German soldiers
are willing to shoot down their coun countrymen,
trymen, countrymen, ther is little chance of any
relief for the workingmen. -But if
the present state of' affairs continues.
it will not be long before the work
ingmen will be unable thru sickness
and hunger, to work, then 'the stro-
plies for the soldiers will fail; and it
may occur to them 'that it : is not
divine right, after all that they an
The repqrts coming in of the recent
battle on the northern Italiari -front
indicate a worse defeat to the Austro Austro-Germans
Germans Austro-Germans than was inflicted by the
troops of either army on the other
during our civil war. The battle,
which was only an incident of the
great conflict' now raging,- was-a big bigger
ger bigger fight-than Magenta, which'-decided
the war between. France and Sar Sar-dinia
dinia Sar-dinia on one side and-Austria on-the
other in the war of 1859.-The French
and British co-operated with the Ital Italians,
ians, Italians, and the, Austro-Germans lost at
least 30,000 men. :
The Lakeland Star prints a sorrow sorrowful
ful sorrowful story of a soldier boy who died of
neglect at Camp Doniphan. We are
afraid there were a good many such
cases in the first few weeks the men
went to the training camps. Surgeon
General Gorgas has reported many of
the hospitals were in bad condition,
and "testifying hefore ihe 'Seriate
committee said the hospitals should
have been finished before the camps,
instead of afterward. In addition- to
insufficient hospital accommodations,
there were not enough doctors and
an 'even shorter supply of trainea
nurses. Many times the; sick men had
to be left in "charge of other soldiers,
Some of whom were careless and un unfeeling,
feeling, unfeeling, but many more were inex inexperienced
perienced inexperienced and didn't know what to d
for the t sick. It seems that matters
are much better now but even now
there are hot as 'many physicians
and nurses as are needed.
The engineers J having estimated
that it will cost a hundred arid twenty-five
million dollars to dredge out
the channel into Tampa bay, .the
chance for the" Tampa "naval station
goes glimmering. We thought every everybody
body everybody knew the biggest battleships
land passenger liners couldn't get into
Tampa but didn't like to remind Tam
pans of the fact, especially after the
Tribune advised us to study geogra-
pny oeiore presuming to make any
comments on the qualifications of
the various ports. However, unless
we are mistaken, ships of ten v thou
sand tons can come into Tampa bay
and in case of a war that affected the
gulf ports it would be invaluable as
a harbor for submarines, destroyers
and light cruisers.
We have received a "book contain containing
ing containing a description of the fulfillment of
the prophecies in the Bible in the
world war, with the request to give
the said book a write-up. We won't.
In the last forty years we have read
forty books on the prophecies. Ev Everyone
eryone Everyone "of them fitted scripture" ad admirably,
mirably, admirably, to 'what, had happened, but
not a darned one : of them told what
would happen the next year. Not brie
of "then foretold the present war, and
no prophet can tell from scripture
nor anything else how nor when it is
going to end."
A' letter from Editor Frank Harris
of the .Ocala Banner, comparing the
war cabinet of Lincoln with that of
Wilson, 'is printed in the New 'York
Herald .: of Saturday. The ; Herald
makes a rather sarcastic comment-on
Mr. Harris' letter, however it prints
the communication ? in full, 'and it
speaks for itself. X.
il BUY' WAR SAVINGS STAMPS 'ft
A House and Two Lots
. ; $850
- A House and 3 Acres
House and 2 Lots
Can be- Bought- With Monthly- Pay.
Room 5, Holder Block,
A. E. GERIG :
5 Ocala; Florida
THllSlgY, -FEB. 7TH.
Rousing Musical Comedy Success
-: THE :-
A MUSICAL BUBBLE WTTH A
- SWARM OF FUN AND
J MUSIC DISPENSERS
' Original Cast and Production
Bdst Shbwdf ttie Season
A- Carload of Special Scenery
Jost Eacoh Jdlly Times
Gorgeous Gowns -Galore
tl a m m m "JLUllWwUT.
Over the Heads of ; the ? Audience
. : PLUS ; WAR. TAX
Seats on Sal Monday
(Continued from First Page)
the municipality a matter of legisla legislative
tive legislative favor: But in its practical work workings
ings workings out, this is not the case; for the
charter of the character desired, is
determined upon by the local com community
munity community and when the- bill is intro introduced
duced introduced in the state legislature, it is
classed as a Jocal bill, and if, it has
the support of those representing
that community in the house and sen senate,
ate, senate, it is passed, as might almost be
said, by courtesy.
Until within recent years the gen general
eral general provisions in" the charters of all
the cities of this country were prac practically
tically practically the same, and this type of
charter is now spoken of as the al al-dermanic
dermanic al-dermanic plan. We are all familiar
with this type of city government
and- with ; the record of inefficiency
which it has made. lit is the form of
government under which Ocala has
been governed all the years, and un under
der under which we could hope, for ; little
more than a repetition of inefficiency
and misrrianagemeftt. The defects are
inherent in the system itself, and are
not merely a matter of the personnel
of the" council. . ;
The problems constantly requiring
the) attention pf the city council, out outside
side outside of matters, of legislation, are
those growing out of the manage management
ment management of the public" utilities, such as
light and water plants, building and
maintaining streets, the sewerage
system, etc. .:. -;;
. Imagine if t you will, the situation
which confronts Alderman A, whose
training we will say, has been along
mercantile lines, and whose capital lb
invested in a business which requires
his whole time and energy." Well as
sume the most favorable ease, and
suppose that he, is a successful mer merchant,
chant, merchant, and has sought a position on
the council from a feeling of public
responsibility. He is 'made chairman
of the, street cbirimittee, and gives
the fag end of the day twice a month
to the meetings of the council where
is referred to this committee all
matters pertaining tos the streets of
the city. ; What does he f know about
building and repairing streets, hoT
it should be done, and what it should
cost ? K How much time can he give
fromis own affairs to keep in touch
with "the street work ; which is con constantly
stantly constantly being done?. And so it is with
Alderman B who is, well say, a drug drug-gisU
gisU drug-gisU and who is made chairman of
the light and water ; committee. ;
There are all matters requiring
some technical knowledge and the'
Supervision and coordination of some
one constantly on the job. They are
also matters3 which greatly concern
the taxpayer who is paying the bills,
whose taxes are- mounting higher
each year. ; ' ;"; ; .-
The city is one form of corporation
which cannot go into bankruptcy. All
that is necessary when the expenses
exceed the income is to increase the
income by raising the taxes.
The several innovations in city
government which have taken place
inf the last few years, have grown out
of the dissatisfaction with the old
order and have been designed to cor correct
rect correct what long experience has dem demonstrated
onstrated demonstrated -to be its deficiencies.
The first experiment is credited to
the city of Galveston, and was pre precipitated
cipitated precipitated by the catastrophy which be befell
fell befell that city, almost wiping it off the
map; The 'Old city government went to
pieces; and there was inaugurated in
its place, the commission plan. This
consists,? in a nutshell, of a paid com commissioner
missioner commissioner at the head of each depart department,
ment, department, devoting his' whole time to the
needs of that' department. It- worked
splendidly in 'the emergency with
which Galveston had 1 to deal, and it
has been 'adopted by a ; great many
citiesr The plan is particularly adapt adapted
ed adapted to the needs of the larger, cities,
where-the extent of the work in each
department- is of such volume as to
justify the expense of a capable ad
ministrator for- each. The cost of sev
eral f high -salaried commissioners, in
a city the size of Ocala; would be too
X. i. ll a
great a pan oi tne citys income
spent 'on-administration; and would
leave too little money for the neces necessary
sary necessary labor and' material cost.
The 'city manager j plan overcomes
this difficulty, and at the same time
coordinates the several departments
of the city under one head. This plan
was1 first tried at' Staunton; Va., and
soon' afterwards when1 Dayton, Ohio;
was 'visited by a flood which almost
destroyed the city, the plan was tried
with such' success," that" it has: since
been adopted by about 150 citias and
towns. ; sJ -: 7:. '' ;
The city manager lan has beef,
aptly spoken of as carrying the cor corporation
poration corporation method of doing business,
which is the most efficient yet devis devised,
ed, devised, over into the city's business.
Tcf illustrate, let us suppose that a
few4 men decide to organize a new
bank for Ocala.. They proceed to sell
the required amount of stock in the
new venture. A- meeting of stockhold stockholders
ers stockholders is then called and a board of
directors is elected to supervise the
management of the business. This
board of "directors then holds a meeting-
and elects the active officers of
the bank, the head of which is the
president. He it is who actively man manages
ages manages the business with the help and
advise of the board of directors, and
as long as he gets results, he is secure
in his position. If he fails to manage
it successfully it is the duty of the
board in the interest of the stock stockholders,
holders, stockholders, to get someone else who will.
, Now the citizens of this city are
the stockholders in the corporation
known as the city of Ocala. By an
election : they determine who shall be
its board of" directors or council, and
the council is required under the cit
manager plan charter, to choose a
manager, and hold him responsible
for the efficient management of the
city's business. With a trained' ex
ecutive at the head of the city's bus business,
iness, business, with needed authority behind
him, and with the council to check
results of his administration, we have
the element sof an efficient machine
which certainly should give results in
the city's affairs.
The reason for having the manager
selected by the council rather than by
popular v vote, is that the council is in
closer touch with the results that he
is getting, and the manager is re removed
moved removed one step from political influ influence
ence influence which would hamper his inde independence.
The cities that have tried this plan
of government are almost unam unam-mourly
mourly unam-mourly pleased with it as is shown by
a questionnaire Which was sent by
the chamber of commerce of Steuben Steuben-ville,
ville, Steuben-ville, Ohio, to about 80 of the city
manager cities, some time ago when
Stubenville had in mind the matter of
a change o charter. The replies re received
ceived received indicated on improvement bf
82 per cent over the old conditions.
There are a number of other feat features
ures features of interest in the new charter
under which Ocala is now working, all
of which are intended to give the city
a more business like administration
of its affairs. :
;1 One of these is the, requirement of
an annual budget, and the checks
provided to compel the council to ad adhere
here adhere strictly to the budget in its ex
The budget is nothing more than
an estimate of the coming year's ex expenses,
penses, expenses, and is based on the expense
of the past year, with additions for
any new improvement contemplated.
Under the old system the council was
allowed to make expenditures not
provided for in the budget, these
creating an indebtedness for which
ho funds had been provided, and con consequently
sequently consequently a floating debt. The history
of these floating debts shows ,that
they have a morbid tendency to in increase
crease increase from year to year, until it be became
came became necessary to issue bonds to take
them up. This is bad financing, and is
impossible under our new charter, as
it contains a provision making it un unlawful
lawful unlawful for the council to spend mon money,
ey, money, or to incur an indebtedness, or
for the clerk to draw a warrant, un unless
less unless the funds to meet such obliga
tion are provided for, except that the
proposed expenditure may be made or
obligation created, by submitting the
matter to a vote of the free holders
of the city. This provision will com compel
pel compel the council to be careful in pre preparing
paring preparing its budget, and will preserve
the credit of the cityJ
Another important provision of
the new charter, is that creating a
sinking fund commission, the neces necessity
sity necessity for which, is shown by the fact
that the city of Ocala has an old
bond issue coming due this year for
which there has been provided no
sinking fund. Now a sinking fund is
nothing more than money provided
by taxation and set aside each year,
so that at the maturity of the bond3,
there will be enough money to pay
The' credit of a city, as an individ individual,
ual, individual, depends ufon its taking qare of
its obligations promptly; and if its
credit is bad, and it wants to issue
bonds, it has to pay a high rate of
interest in; order to induce investors
to purchase them.
This provision of a sinking fund
commission makes it mandatory that
this sinking fund be set aside, pro provides
vides provides the way it shall be done, arid
provides further for the investment
of money accumulating in this fund
in such securities as are more ap approved
proved approved -for savings banks, thus keep
ing it at work. This clause of the new
charter also provides for the payment
Of the interest and the ; outstanding
bond issues, by the sinking fund
commission, thus taking out of the
hands of the council all discretionary
power, in matters pertaining to the
payment of principle and interest,
anci providing a sinking fund, for
outstanding bond issues, and vesting
these related matters in the hands of
the special commission created for
There are other and interesting
changes which we have reason to
think will result in benefit to our
city, but this paper is already too
In closing, I wish to say a word in
defense of the much abused city coun councilman.
cilman. councilman. To my mind, there is nothing
more pitiable in our public life today,
than the suspicion and slander, and
abuse which are so often the only re reward
ward reward of a faithful and, conscientious
public service. -It is nothing more
than a desire to be fair and just to
this unappreciated official and to
speak for him more consideration at
the hands of the public, that prompts
me to say a word in hi3 behalf. I
know nothing except by report of
conditions as they exist in the large
cities, but I do know by personal
contact with conditions in Ocala, that
our councilmen render a valuable,
laborious and conscientious service,
and often at considerablesacrifice, to
their own affairs. Theworst criticism
that can fairly be made against them
as a whole is inefficiency, and that
they have made many and costly mis
takes there can be no doubt. But let
us hope that under "the new plan
which we are putting into operation,
with a trained man devoting his whole
time and energy to the administra administration
tion administration of the city's affairs in connection
with the directing influences of the
council, there will be fewer mistakes,
and that the taxpayers will come.
much nearer getting a dollar's worth?
for every dollar he pays in taxes.
United States Bonds
and War Savings Stamps
We have received, our allotment of Four
Per cent. Bonds of the Second Liberty Loan and
are prepared to fill orders. Where bonds are to
be delivered by mail, order .should include Ten
Cents for registry fees. We "also have on : hand
a supply of Thrift Stamps and cards, War Savings
Stamps and Certificates. We will be glad to fur furnish
nish furnish information about the Government War
The Munroe & Chambliss
the federal land bank
is now investigating florida loan applications, the
bank furnishes special forms for record data re regarding
garding regarding your title and will not accept- the usual
abstract made by any abstractor in florida.
if you have made an application for a loan, it
is of vital importance to you to show now that your
title security is as good as your value security, if
you have not made application but think of doing
so, get your title) in shape now so that when your
application is made, that delay will not be caused
by the necessity of then perfecting the record title
. to v your elands. ; ?
without solicitation, 1 have been appointed a local
examiner for the federal land bank and my years
of experience both in abstract and title work war warrant
rant warrant me in saying that my services, for you, will
result in properly placing before the land bank, in
the least possible time, the title data required in
connection with your loan.
. :. r. s. rogers,
m. & c. bank building. telephone no. 481
: Buy WaixjStamps Now
J Save Food By Using Our Ice Freely It's Cheap and
Food is High Prompt Service, Full Weight and Cour Cour-;
; Cour-; teous Treatment go with our Ice, and if you don't get
Z them, phone us at once.
I fOcala' Ice
J PHONE 34
'TErSE WUMESdDE BOOTEE
In the heart of the city with Hemming Park for a front yard..
Every moaern convenience in each room. Dining ro-m service is
second to none.
KATES From $1.50 per day per person to $6.
HOBERT M. MEYER, J. E. KAVANAUGH
; : Proprietor. Manager.
SAIHT- LEO, PASCO
IDEAL BDAfiDIKG SCHOOL
Courses in Classics, Science and Commerce. Also
Primary Department. Send for Catalogue.
Rev. F. Benedict, Director.
OPENS FOE THE FALL TERM, WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 12, 1917.
ALIE1V ENEMIES 3IUST
GIVE THEIR NAMES IN
Postmaster Rogers informs the
Star; fkat he will be in in his office
front Monday, Feb. 4, at 9 a. mn dur during
ing during office hours until Saturday, March
9th, for the purpose of registering all
alien enemies in this section.
Alien enemies are natives of Ger Germany
many Germany or Austro-Hungary that have
not become American jitizens. They
wiirsave themselves trouble by giv giving
ing giving in their names at once.
FOR YOUriG GEIITLELIE
FOR STATE ATTORNEY
To the People of the Fifth Judicial
Circuit of Florida; I hereby announce
my candidacy "for re-election to the
office of state attorney, Fifth -Judicial
Circuit of Florida," in the approach approaching
ing approaching primary. I have tried to merit
and will greatly appreciate your sup support.
port. support. George W. Scofield.
January 4, 1318.
.OCA LA. EVENING STAB. MONDAY, FETT.DAJIT 4. ISIS
THE GOOD FAiRY
SERVICE A LA CARTE
I 8 A. M. to 7:30 P. M. J
N. MainSt., Opposite Postoffice
I L T. IZIAK JR. i
Indemnity Bonds, :
- Insurance :
' Gary Duilding, 0cal3, Fla. ;
BUY WAR SAViHGS STAMPS
is no more pleasing to the
nostrils than the flavor of
the sunrsmacked California
oranges which make
at once te mose palatable
and the most wholesome
ofruitd rinks. y
Risk a nickle.;on xour
5c the Bottle
BUY WAR SAVIHGS STAMPS
UNDERTAKERS and EF.IBALMERS
PHONES 47, 104, 305
The Best Equipped
TRANSFER & STORAGE
In Central Florida
Our Equipment is at Your Service
and for Your Convenience. If yon wttl
Help Us We will Make it the Best in
the State. We Expect to Make the
Service Prompt, the Price Reasonable,
x and' "Every body nappy." If We Don't,
-ll Us and We'll "Come Across.1
nifFE STAR LINE
Dealers la BEAVER BOARD
OGALA SOCIAL AFFAIRS
If You Hare Any News for this 'De 'Department,
partment, 'Department, Call Two-One-Five
A Song of Friendship
There's a world of tender sweetness
in the name of friendship true"
And the kind of gentle service for
each other that we do.
When we bide through joy and sorrow
bythe side of those we love,.
And in acts of faith and gladness
loyalty we ever prove.
Between friends an understanding
lies like sunshine after ram,
That will soften eevry heartache and
' will lift our joy again:
To the wondrous, happy moments we
have known so well, :
When" the world was lost in beauty
and the magic of its spell.
Face 3 of'our friends they cheer lis
after absence like a star
Shining through the night in -splendor
to the valley where we are;
And when once our faith is given,
nothing, whatsoe'er it be,
Can blot out that sweet affection or
the old time loyalty.
A Plea for the Red Star Society
The motor truck is doing its share
of the work "over there." They are
using it where it can be used, but
only horses or mules can be used for
bringing up the- guns and supplies to
the trenches and camps. If you could
see them shot to pieces and the look
in their eyes you would know that
there is something more than a spark
of life; you -would know that the army
horse dying for its country is entitled
to all we can give it, and that means
bandages, blankets and shelter tents.
So remember who was bom in a
stable, and when yo uare asked to
give what you can, if it is only "a
dime, give it. Hanson Brooks in the
Mrs. B. T. Perdue requests all those
who care to donate to the Red Stai
fund, to take the money to her or
phone "and she will gladly call for it.
Mock Wedding at Southern,
The current issue of the Southern
College, paper published by the col college
lege college at Sutherland, contains a long,
interesting- account of the, mock wed
ding ceremony that the co-eds staged
at the close of their V examination
week. The. following paragraph will
be the most interesting of the; entire
write-up, as the principal was ; Miss
Isabel Davis of this city :
Long before the hour for the wed wedding
ding wedding many guests had arrived from
all points (in the dormitory). .An ex expectant
pectant expectant hush fell on the audience as
the notes of the wedding march be began,
gan, began, played by Miss Minifred Frank
lin. All eyes were strained toward the
door where the "bride," Miss Isabel
Davis, entered on the arm of hei
gray-haired "father," Miss Lera Ross.
The "bride" was charmingly gownea
in pale blue charmeuse with ; pearly
trimmings. The veil of gorgeous lace
curtain material was tastefully ar arranged
ranged arranged under a band of pearls circl
ing the brow rof the fair young
"bride." She carried an arni bouyuet
of camphor leaves and sweet peas,
graciously lent for the occasion by
her "aunt," Miss Echols.The "groom"
was dressed 4,n the conventional black,
while the "best man," who is serving
in the navy, wore the usuaj uniform.
Immediately,; after the' "ceremony,"
the young couple,1 with the "bridal
party,"; left for "Baker's," "th
I Dock," and other points of interest.
The "bride" wore a handsome trav traveling
eling traveling coat of brown with hat and'
shoes to match. Many unique and
valuable ? ) presents were received
which were displayed in artistic array
at the home of the "bride."
There was. a ring bearer and four
bridesmaids, and a best man. The
"ring ceremony was performed by
the stately and impressive" Rev. Ruth
Steinmeyer in a most original way.
Mr. and Mrs. Reynolds Crook of
Atlanta, are in the city for a few
days, guests of the Harrington hotel.
Mr. and Mrs. Crook were married in
Spartanburg, S. C, Jan. 19th, at the
home of Mrs. Crook's sister, whom
she was -visiting. Mrs. Crook was be before
fore before her marriage Miss Helen Jean
Reed of New York city. Mr. Crook is
a partner of Mr. J. M. Thomas of this
city, in the Fairy Island orange grove
in Sumter county. Mr. and Mrs. Crook
are touring the state in their car. 'Mr.
Crook s has many friends here, made
on his former visits, who are extend extending
ing extending him and his bride a hearty wel welcome.
come. welcome. Mrs. Smith Hardin of Ocala is
spending' several days ire Tampa. Mrs.
Hardin having formerly resided here,
is being warmly welcomed by her
numerous friends. Tampa Times.
The second ward prayermeeting
will be held Wednesday with Mrs.
Claude Barnett, at the McClain res residence
idence residence at three o'clock.
Mr. and Mrs. R. C. Camp and chil children
dren children were the week-end guests of
Mrs. Camp's parents, Mr. and Mrs.
R. L. Anderson at Marowood.
The Junior Epworth League will
hold its monthly business meeting afS
the home of Annie Laurie and Fred
Boyd, near the hospital, Tuesday aft afternoon
ernoon afternoon at three o'clock." A full at attendance
tendance attendance of all Juniors requested
as well as any others interested.
Miss Sara : Davis, : ';" formerly of
Ocala, now of Orlando, entertained at
a large dancing party Friday night at
the home of her parents, Mr. and Mrs.
E. W. Davis. The affair was planned
in honor of the Gainesville basket
ball team, two players of which were
Miss Davis' guests. After witnessing
the game in the armory, the fifty fifty-six
six fifty-six guests -adjourned to the Davi3
home, where they played games and
danced to Victrola music. Punch,
cakes, candies and nuts were" served
auring tne evening.
Mrs. Howse Badly Hurt Sunday Night
Many friends of Mrs. Francis
Howse will deeply regret to hear of
her serious accident last night. Mrs.
Howse, as is her usual custom in the
evening, was walking around the
large veranda of her home and when
on the west end she lost her balance
and fell down five or six steps, badly
cutting her head in several places,
dislocating her wrist and breaking
her nose. Mrs. Howse was uncon unconscious
scious unconscious all night, regaining conscieus conscieus-ness
ness conscieus-ness about 4 o'clock this morning,
and then again about 10 o'clock, when
she asked for a glass of water, losing
Every one in Ocala will regret to
hear of Mrs. Howse's misfortune and
sincerely hope that she sustained no
At the Temple Today
Mar jorie Wilson will star, at the
Temple this afternoon in "Wild Su Sumac,"
mac," Sumac," a Triangle feature. The picture
will begin at three o'clock and will
run until six.
The illustrated lecture, "Devastat "Devastated
ed "Devastated Belgium," by Major Robert Mann
Woods of Chicago;, will be given at
the Temple tonight at 8:30 o'clock.
The 'price of admission is only 25
cents, and there will be no reserved
seats. People who havet heard Ma jor
Woods say this lecture is very won wonderful
derful wonderful and that his eloquence is
matchless. This same lecture was giv given
en given to a delighted audience in Fruit Fruit-land
land Fruit-land Park last Wednesday and the
proceeds amounted to $98.
The proceeds of "Devastated Bel Belgium"
gium" Belgium" will be given to the Red Cross.
Judge and .Mrs. W. S. Bullock, who
motored to Wekiwa Springs Satur Saturday,
day, Saturday, are expected home today. :
; Friends of Mr. and Mrs. Cascaden
and two dear little sons of North Da Dakota,
kota, Dakota, who moved to 1 Ocala the first
week in November, regret to hear
thev exoect to return to their home
in the north Wednesday. Mr. Cas
caden has been with the O. K. Groc Grocery
ery Grocery and he and his family have made
their home in Dr. Walter Hood's
house back of the Presbyterian
Mr, and Mrs. Christian Ax, Misses
Mary Langhorne, Dorothy and Marie
Hickman and Adela Ax left yester yesterday
day yesterday morning for a visit to Crystal
River and vicinity, f The party
had a delightful outing and a launch
ride1 as far as the gulf. They motor motored
ed motored home last evening. x.
'.V' 'i ; m
The regular monthly meeting of the
Woman's Auxiliary of Grace Episco Episcopal
pal Episcopal church will be held Tuesday aft afternoon
ernoon afternoon at three o'clock at the home of
Mrs. B. A. Weathers. A full attend attendance
ance attendance is requested, and alFother ladies
of the congregation are invited, as
well as any visitor in the city. 2t
Mrs. Edward P. Martin is expected
to return this evening from Ocala,
where for a week: she has been visit visiting
ing visiting her mother, Mrs. Ida V. Gates.
Mrs. Martin will be accompanied
home by her. mother and sister, Miss
Dovie Gates, who will be her guests a
few days. Plant City Courier.
v Mrs. M. L. Stanley, vice president
of section four, is to present one or
two applicants for membership in the
federation, at the coming board meet
ing in Ocala. Mrs. J.i W. Mc Mc-Collum,
Collum, Mc-Collum, vice president of section
two, has beenv holding successful
meetings" 'in Gainesville and vicinity.
She reports two new clubs as possi possibilities,
bilities, possibilities, and, a particularly good meet meeting
ing meeting at Williston. Woman's Club
notes in Miami Herald.
" Mr. and Mrs. R. A. Green, : who
have been at the Arms House for the
past six weeks, expect to leave for
Jacksonville this afternoon.
Don't fail to hear the lecture on
"Devastated Belgium" at the Temple
tonight. This is a wonderful illustrat illustrated
ed illustrated lecture by Major Woods of Chi Chicago.
cago. Chicago. The proceeds are for the Red
Cross and the admission fee is only
Lieut. R. A.- Burford, Mrs. R. A.
Burford and Miss Mary Burford
motored to Orlando this morning and
will return home tonight.
'-..'-, :-: '
Miss Mary McDowell will enter entertain
tain entertain the members of the auction club
Tuesday afternoon jg.t three o'clock.
Miss Mary Gates, who has been
taking short hand from Mrs. L. M.
Murray,- has accepted a position in
Judge W. M. Gober's office. :
( Concluded on Fourtii Page)
8uilt for Service" 1
R. O. RIDDLE Dealer
Florida House, Ocala, Fla.
Advertise in the Star.
OUTSIDE THE PALE
Frightfulness Taught by,, the German
Leaders Belongs- to an Age
In giving Jo the American people
Ike knowledge of German inh uman-
ity in -Belgium, says a -pamphlet is-
sued hy the -committee on public in-
'formation, the evidence is drawn
ma inly from German and A merica n
fources The German .sources in include
clude include official proclamations and
other official utterances,-letUrsi and
diaries of German soldiers, and guo guo-tatipns
tatipns guo-tatipns from German -newspapers'.
The "Bides for, Field Service" of the
German army advises .each ; soldier
to keep such a diary yhile on active
service. V 'v : ; -:
. In the wars waged in ancient JImes
it was taken, for,; granted ,that con
Iiierel peoples jnight be either killed,'
lorturetl. or.held'as slaves; thut.-their
property would be taken and that, their
!;inds would be devastated. "Vae vic vic-tls
tls vic-tls woe to the conquered !" For two
vnturies or more there has ; !e?n a
si eady advance In introducing ideas p
humanity and .especially In confining
the evils of warfare to Jhe combatants.
i he Ideal seemed to have become so.
flnrou?hly established as a part of In1
iternatlonal law that, the powers at The
Hague thought it sufficient merely to
state the general principles. in Article
XLVI' of the regulations r "Family hon honors
ors honors nnd rights, the lives of persons
nnd private property, as well as re
Hglous convictions and practice, must
? respected. -Private property cannot
confiscated." Germany, in common
i,wilh the "other powers, solemnly
pledged her faith to keep this article,
but her military leaders had no Inten Intention
tion Intention of "doing so. They had Uieen
trained in the Ideas voiced byX5en. von
Hartmann 40 "years ago: Xerrorism
Is seen to be a relatively, gentle pro procedure,
cedure, procedure, useful to keep :the.jnasses of
the people in a state of. obedience."
This had ,been .Blsftiarck's policy,. too.
According to Moritz Buschke Iiismark's
biographer," Bismarck, exasperated by
the French resistance, -which, was UU
continuing in Januaryil871,said:
"If in the territory .which we occupy,
we cannot supply everything, for,, our
troops, from time to time we shall send
a flying t column .4nto the ., localities
which areirealcltrant.xWegbjLU shqot,
hang and burn. '-terJtthatJhia,Jtiap-pened
a few times, the .InhabitaQtac will
finally come to thel sewes.", ; c,
t Horrors Told Jn Soldiers' Dlarie.
The frightfulness tapght by.theGer-1
man leaders held full way :iJ?elgium. j
This is est seen- in... the entriSj 'the
diaries of the individual jjQermacg sol-,
diers. .. v--,: : ... .'.-.
"During' the night of August 45-18
Engineer Gr -T-vgavethQlarm lS t1
town of. Vise..; Every jone-wasshotr
taken prisoner, and the Jbousea were
burnt. The prisoners were made to
march and .keep up withfthe -troops."
(From the diary of noncommissioned
officer. Reinhold pebnuyof the fiespnd
battalion ,of epgineers. Third krmy
corps.) v." V .::" "..
"A horrible bath of blood. The whole
village burnt, ,the French hrpwn Jnto
the blading houses, civilians with: the
rest." (From ; the diary of Private
Hassemer of the Eighth army corps.) 1
"In the night of August8-19 Jthe vil village
lage village of Saint-Maurice was .punished
for having fired on German soldiers by
being burnt to the ground by -the Ger German
man German troops (two regiments, the
Twelfth 'landwehr and the 1 Seven Seventeenth.)
teenth.) Seventeenth.) The village was surrounded,
men posted about a yard from-one an another,
other, another, so that no one xuldvget..out.
Then the Uhlans, set fire to It, -house
by house. Neither- man, woman,- nor
child could escape ; 4nly. the greater
part of the live stock, we -carried ff,:
as that could be used. Anyone who
ventured to come out was-shot down.
All the Inhabitants left in .the village
were burnt with; the houses." uFrom
the diary of Private iKarS.Schenfele of
the Third Bavarian regiment and land landwehr
wehr landwehr infantry.) -
At ten o'clock in the evening the
firsfbattalion of the One .hundred .and
Seventy-eighth .marched down the steep
Incline into the burning village to the
burning village to the nortb of DInant
A terrific spectacle of ghastly jbeanty.
At the entrance to the village lay about
fifty dead civilians, shot for having
fired upon our troops fron; .ambush. In
the course of the night many. ptherg
were also shot, so that we counted oyer
200 Women, and. children, lamp In
hand, were forced, to 4ook,pn atthe
horrible scene. We ate our rice later
in the midst of the cprpsesrfor we iad
had nothing since morning When we
searched the houses we found., plenty
of wine and spirit, but no eatables.
Captain Hamann was.dxnnk."; rXhls
last phrase in shorthand.) From the
diary of Private v Plillipp- of 4he One
of infantry, Twelfth army corps.)
; Writing from Belgium in 1910 Irrln
S. Cobb said:
"Briefly what I saw was, this: I saw
It is very necessarythat the Ocala
Motor. Club have a large attendance
at the Florida State Automobile As Association,
sociation, Association, which will be ; held in- Or Orlando,
lando, Orlando, Monday, r Feb. -o-4th. f: Every
member of this local organization is
invited to attend this meeting and we
should by all means have a, large at attendance.
tendance. attendance. Dr. E. G. i Peek is a dele delegate
gate delegate from this club, and .we- should go
in a large body to back our delegate.
wide areas of Belgium and France In
which not a penny's worth of wanton
destruction had been permitted to oc occur,
cur, occur, in which the ripe pears hung un untouched
touched untouched upon the garden walls; and I
saw, other, wide areas where scarcely
one stone had been left to stand upon
another; where the fields were. rav ravaged
aged ravaged ; where the male villagers had
been shot, In aquads; where the miser miser-.
. miser-. able, survivors had been left to den In
i holes,;. Uke. wild beasts."
-iEven Soldlera Horrified.
.Some German soldiers, we are glad
to eee, showed their horror at the foul
..deeds committed In Belgium.
: rThe Inhabitants have fled In the vil village.
lage. village. It was horrible. There was clot clot-k
k clot-k ted. blood on 4dl the beards, and what
faces one saw, terrible to behold The
rdead, 60. In all, were at once buried.
.Among them were many old women,
,some old men, and a half-delivered
woman, awful to see ; three children
had clasped each other, and died thus.
iThe, altar and the vaults of the church
are-shattered. They had a telephone
there to communicate with the enemy.
This morning, September 2, all the sur survivors
vivors survivors were expelled, and I saw four
little boys carrying a cradle, with a
baby five or six months old In it, on
two sticks. All this was terrible to
see. Shot after shot! Thunderbolt
after thunderbolt Everything Is given
over to -pillage; fowls and the rest all
killed. I saw a mother, too, with her
jtwo children; one had a great wound
on the head and had lost an eye."
(From the diary of Lance Corporal
Paul Spielman of the Ersatz, first bri brigade
gade brigade of Infantry of the Guard.)
" In the night the Inhabitants
of liege became mutinous. Forty per persons
sons persons were -shot, and 15 houses demol demolished,
ished, demolished, 10 soldiers shoL-The sights here
make you cry
,"Onithe 23rd ofAugust everything
quiet. ? The Inhabitants have so far
given, In., Seventy, students were shot,
200 kept prisoners. Inhabitants re returning
turning returning to Liege.
August 24. At noon with 88 men on
sentry duty. Sentry duty la A 1, no post
allocated to me. Our occupation, apart
from .bathing,, is eating and drinking.
. We live like God In Belgium." (From
the diary of Joh. van der Schoot, re re-,servIst;of
,servIst;of re-,servIst;of the-Tenth company, Thirty Thirty-ninth
ninth Thirty-ninth reserve infantry regiment, Sev Sev-.entb
.entb Sev-.entb reserve army, corps.)
' "Behaved Like Vandals."
"August 17. In the afternoon I had
a. look f at the. little chateau belonging
! to,, one of the.king's secretaries (not at
Home;. uur men naa Dehavea like
iregular vandals. They had looted the
Cellar-firsth and then. they .bad turned
helr attention, to the bedrooms and
'thrown things about all over the place.
They h&i even made fruitless efforts
to smash the safe open. Everything
J was topsy-turvy magnificent furnl- 3
;T?irfl ctTlr "onrl Trnn jVifna rfrhkta a G
ixppens when the men are allowed to
requisition for themselves. I am sure
rtney must have taken away a heap of
useless stuff simply for the pleasure of
: "August 6th crossed frontier. Inhab Inhab-Itkhts
Itkhts Inhab-Itkhts .on border very good to us and
give us many things. There Is no dif difference
ference difference noticeable.
t "August 23rd, Sunday (between Bir-
.nal and -Dinant, village of Disonge).
At 11 o'clock the order comes to ad-
vaoce after the artillery has thorough-
up. prepared the ground ahead. 5 The
Pioneers and Infantry regiment 178
were marching In front of us. Near
a; small village the latter were fired on
by the inhabitants. About 220 inhab-
, Itants .were shot and the village .was
, burnt artillery Is continuously shoot-lng-rthe
village lies in. a large ravine.
Just now, isix o'clock in the afternoon,
the crossing of the.Maas begins near
DInant . All villages, chateaux,
.and houses are burnt down during this
.night. 7 1 tv was a beautiful sight to see
the fires all round us in the distance.
rfAuffust 24. -In every village one
finds only "heaps of ruins and many
..dead. From the diary of Matbern,
jrpurth-. company, Eleventh Jager bat bat-ftaUon,
ftaUon, bat-ftaUon, .Marburg.) J
r All Male Inhabitant Shot.
"A shell burst near the Eleventh
company, and wounded- seven men,
"three ery severely. At five o'clock we
were ordered by the officer In com command
mand command jt the regiment to shoot, all the
male inhabitants of :Nomeny, because
the population was foolishly attempt attempting
ing attempting to stay the advance of the German
troops by force of arms. We broke Into
the houses, and seized all who resisted,
la order to execute them according to
martial law. The houses which had
not been already destroyed by the
French artillery and our own were set
on fire by us, so that nearly the whole
town was reduced to ashes. It is a ter terrible
rible terrible sight when helpless women and
children, utterly destitute, are herded
together and driven Into France."
: (From the diary of Private Fischer,
;Eighth Bavarian regiment of infantry,
Thlrtyrthird reserve division.)
Too Many Servants In Britain.
Duncan Miller asked the minister cf
national service, says the Londoa
Times, .whether his attention has been
called to the number of advertisements
for servants In households of one, two
or three persons,. where seven to ten
indoor servants are already kept, and
whether he proposes to limit the nuin-'
ber of Indoor servants employed la
each household. The minister of na national
tional national service .replied that he had al already
ready already pointed out how essential It Is,
in the national Interest, that no per person
son person should employ more servants than
are. absolutely necessary. The min minister.
ister. minister. trusts that the awakened con consciences
sciences consciences of ; those who have in this
respect failed to appreciate their duty
will provide an Immediate and suffi sufficient
cient sufficient remedy. If not, he will tell his
plan in the general statement on man
BUY WAR SAVINGS STAMPS
I J HAS V
Is the watchword at
By selling for CASH we elimi eliminate
nate eliminate all bad debts which must
necessarily be paid for by those
who DO pay? hence can give you
the lowest prices on all kinds of
BEEF. PORK, MUTTON,
BUY WAR SAVINGS STAMPS
Has btscome the slogan not
only, on the highways of
- travel, but also in "all lines
of industry. There's no
- such thing as safety if
your valuable property is
not covered by
We represent a number of
the moist reliable companies
in existence, and our facil facilities
ities facilities are not surpassed in'
On Hoffman Press
No Glossy Finish
Just Phone 101
RATES Twenty-five word3
or less one time 25 cents;
three times fiO cents; six
times 75 cents. Over twenty-five
words, and under fif fifty,
ty, fifty, double above rate.
Thi3 rate is for consecutive
insertions. Special rate- by
the month. Try them out.
Buy war savings stamp 3 to help
win the war, and have us fill your
prescriptions for accurate service.
The Court Pharmacy. tf
Star ads. are bus mess accelerators.
PAGE 1 OUS
OCA LA EVENING STAR, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 1918
Rebekahs meet tonight.
K. of P. meet this evening.
Council meets tomorrow evening.
Odd Fellows meet tomorrow night.
Woodmen meet Friday evening.
The board of trade will meet Fri Friday
day Friday evening.
The clerksiin our stores are in cold
Attend the Red Cross lecture at the
Temple this evening.
Don't forget that Frank's store
closes at sundown this evening:
The friends of Mr. Percy Perkins,
who is at the hospital, will be glad to
know he is somewhat better today.
Our clever young friend, .George H.
Wenzel, formerly of our Company A,
is now with Company A, 71st Engi Engineers
neers Engineers atWashington.
Mr. Yonge Sage, who has been with
the Western Union' in Richmond, has
returned to the office pf the same cor corporation
poration corporation in
A full assortment of the famous
PAKRO Seedtape. Just the thing for
the small fall garden- Ocala Seed
Store- - tf
The city has sold three of its mules
and two horses for $825. The Ford
trucks, ordered by Ed Tucker, will
soon be here to replace the horses.
A local physician was called to
Crystal River, to see Mr. Marshall C.
liarber, or Canton, 0.,.a vistin tour tourist,
ist, tourist, and found Mr. Barber very ill. It
might be interesting to note that,, he
is a brother-in-law of former Presi President
dent President McKinley. ""
Mrs. Caroline Moorhead is proudly
showing the visitors to her office a
handsome pressure cooker. She will
use it in' demonstrations of meat pre preserving
serving preserving before the canning clubs. It
is quite ornamental and looks like a
big loving cup. V V
UnOLASSIFIED ADVERTiSMTSf l
WANTED, LOST, FOUND, FOR SALE, FOR RENT AND SIM SIMILAR
ILAR SIMILAR LOCAL NEEDS T
RATES: Six line maximum, one time 5c; three times 50c; six
times 75c; one month $3. Payable in advance.
: J Z ': :
DR. D. II. BONEY
I especially offer my services to the
people of Central Florida, and invite
personal visits or mail orders.
202-204 Hogan St- Park Hotel Bldg.,
JACKSON VILLEL FLORIDA
WANTED 1000 bushelsseed sweet
potatoes. Will pay $1.25 per busheL,
Write or telegraph quickly. Fred M.
Preston, Orlando, Fla., Route 2. 4 6t
WANTED Farm ready for immed immediate
iate immediate cultivation for general 'farming.
Substantial party will renjt or buy.
Give full particulars first letter. P.
O. Box 251, Jacksonville, Fla. 4-6t
TOR SALE A "nice residence v lot,
75 x 105 feet, on Ray street, adjoin adjoining
ing adjoining handsome E. P. Rentz residence
on Fort" King avenue ; "cash or easy
terms. Address owner, N. Clements,
Citra, Fla, or, inquire at the Star of office.
fice. office. 2-2-6t
FOR SALE Stucco bungalow; latest
improvements; lot 75 x 187; cement
fence and walk; all kinds- of fruit
trees. Also building lot 63 x 187.
Carl Wenzel & Son, 702 Wyominia
St., Ocala, Fla. 2-2-lm
RAGS WANTED Cotton rags, no
scraps. Apply at the Star office, tf
COTTAGE FOR RENT Corner of
Watula and South Third street. Ap Apply
ply Apply to C. Rheinauer. 12-tf
FOR. SALE New one-horse Stude Stude-baker
baker Stude-baker wagon; light buggy with iron
wheels and rubber tires, newly paint painted
ed painted and overhauled. Address C M.
Livingston, Box 453, Ocala, Fla. 30-6t
WANTED Every loyal American to
buy war savings stamps and all Ocal Ocal-"ans
"ans Ocal-"ans to remember that Clayton's
Pressing Club has been moved to Ok Ok-lawaha
lawaha Ok-lawaha avenue, .next to Blalock's vul vulcanizing
canizing vulcanizing establishment. The phone
number is 13. 31-6t r
FOR SALE One 1-year-old pointer,
untrained, $5; one 16-months-old pure
bred English bulldog, $15, Apply at
Carter's Bakery. Phone 360. -4-6t
LOST White pointer dog less than
a year old; lemon spots on ears and
on left hip; also small lemon spots on
sides. -Suitable remard for return to
L. IL Pillans at Smith Grocery Com Company.
pany. Company. 4-6t
WANTED A sawmill or timber man
who can handle labor and bring some
laborers with him ; must understand
loading logs on cars and be a hustler.
Pay once a week. Apply to Brandon
" n m"" ''"J,''l",i
Lumber Company; Reddick, :fla;"l?tjewlng'rooia" scraps.'- StaJToScerSt
Says the Tampa Tribune: -"Wouldn't
the Hon. Robert L. An Anderson
derson Anderson of Ocala' make Florida an ideal
representative in any capacity in
Washington ? A brainy man and a
great statesman universally admired
by the people.
"The papers of Florida have been
trying to get Hon. F. E. Harris to
consent to run for governor for the
past twenty years. We would like to
see him the chief executive of this
great state." ;
The Daytona Journal tells of the
death of a Florida boy, the loss of
whose life was directly due to Ger German
man German treachery. The bSy, Frederick
E. Sheppard, well known in Daytona,
where he lived for some years, was
learning to fly at Toronto. The air airplane
plane airplane he was using was .tampered
with by a German spy and fell, when
young Sheppard went up in it. ,,The
boy was badly hurt, and while in his
weakened condition was stricken with
pneumonia, which caused his death.
Young Sheppard was a stepson oi
Mrs. Mary A. Sheppard (formerly
Mrs. Norwood) of Daytona, and was
also engaged to a young lady of that
city. His death is a sample of what
German spies will do every day in
this country until our people .... wipe
Ed Bennett says the fuel adminis administration
tration administration needn't dope our a showless
day for him; either the film compan companies
ies companies or the express company always
attend to it; only they are not consid
erate enough to. tell him before hand
as the government does. "
Misses Ruth Ervin andNan Brooks
returned this morning from a visit to
Jacksonville. They found the Ocala
boys at Camp Johnston in good health
and spirits. V-- -'-;";':
Mrs. Mary H. Spencer, superinten superintendent
dent superintendent of the Gainesville hospital, on
her way home from Orlando, stopped
in Ocala a few minutes today, to see
her friends here.
' The Coast Line's crack train, the
Pinellas Special, Jacksonville to St.
Petersburg, passed through Ocala go
ing south this afternoon.
When you want accurate and
prompt prescription service, send your
prescriptions to Gerigs Drug Store, tf
FOR SALE 1917 Ford touring car
in good mechanical condition; shock
absorbers and step brace; $325. R. O.
Riddle, Florida House, Ocala. 23-tf
FOR SALE CHEAP If sold at once,
Small cottage; modern improvements,
in good location. For information ap-
ply to "M. -E.," Ocala, Fla. 30-6t
FOR SALE One-ton worm-drive
truck used less than three months;
closing up the business. If interested,
see F. T. Wilson, Reddick, Fla. 29-9t
FOR SALE Nice lot 70 x 112 in sec
ond ward. Also wish to rent or pur purchase
chase purchase 80-acre farm near Ocala. W,
W. Condon. 1-8-tf
LOST A hunch of keys with prest
o-lite key, postofSce, door and other
keys. Finder will please- return to
Star office. 'l--3t
FOR. SALE Sixty acres of the best
hammock land in the- county; 3
miles from Ocala on Orange avenue
hard road; good year 'round pond on
tract, w ill sell as $ 4U per acre on
quick trade. Apply to "Owner," care
Ocala Star. 30-6t
WANTED Old False Teeth Don't
Matter if Broken. I pay $2 to $15 per
set. Also cash for old gold, silver and
broken jewelry. Send by parcel post
and receive check by return mail. Will
hold goods ten days for sender's ap
proval of my offer. L. Mazer 2007 So.
5th St., Philadelphia, Pa. 17-18t
to UK a ALiir 't me Kesidence ; at &
Bargain. -Seven rooms, besides bath
room and sleeping porch; electric
lights, gas, hot and cold water; well,
cistern and city water: servant's
house, garage, chicken houses, gat
den, fruit and shade 1 trees; good
neighbors. Will sell furnished or un unfurnished
furnished unfurnished on easy terms. Apply to
No. 416 Lime street, ori address Box
575, Ocala, Florida. 1-5-lm
FOR SALE New typewriter, at $3
per month. Room 5, Holder Block,
Ocala, Fla: 12-tf
LOST Thursday night, between the
union depot and Linwood Park addi
tion, oblong cameo V about size of sil silver
ver silver dollar; pink background. Reward
for return to Mrs. W C. Charles, or
to Star office. '4-3t
FOR SALE Five acres of good land,
2 miles from courthouse, all fenc
ed; buildings; fruit in season. $225
cash or terms. Mrs. F. Tweedle, Gen
eral Delivery, Ocala.' v 4-6t
RAGS WANTED The larger the
better. Must be well laundered. No
MEETING OF THE
-V v WOMAN'S CLUB
The club met at the usual hour
Saturday, Feb. 1st. Minutes of last
meeting read read and approved.
The special feature of the after afternoon
noon afternoon was a very interesting and in instructive
structive instructive address by Dr. J. C Chace,
mayor of our city, on "Municipal
Government." As the club i3 making
a' study of political science this year,
Dr. Chace's address was a very time timely
ly timely one and added greatly to the inter interest
est interest of the. meeting, and was very
much appreciated by alL
Mrs. Gary, the president, announc announced
ed announced that there were but few reports
to be made as we have passed from a
"time-of peace to a time of. war," and
much club work has given way for
war work. However, each committee
made a -creditable showing.
; Mrs. Hunter, chairman of civica,
announced that this being the time of
year to plant, than an effort would
be made through her committee to
have people plant gardens on public
lots, as there are many vacant lota
around the city that should be used
Mrs. J. E. Chace, chairman of the
rest room committee, gave a good re report.
port. report. There were 6000 visitors dur during
ing during the last eight months at the rest
room. r The total expense for Decem December
ber December and January was $80. This com committee
mittee committee is doing a needed work and
one well worth while, and should be
On March 16 Dr. A. A. Murphree
of the University of Florida, will
address the club.
Mrs. B. A. Weathers said the Red
Cros3T committee had been able to
supply Co. A with sweaters- The
knitting will be continued and every
member is asked to knit.
Mrs. Lester Warner was asked to
write a history of the Ocala Woman's
Club, which was federated in 1899.
Mrs. -Warner read this history, and
same was very interesting. A motion
was made that Mrs. Warner be asked
to continue this history, which she
has so splendidly beun.
Miss Isabelle Mays made a most
interesting talk on "woman's rights,','
which is now before the upper house.
She said this is not a matter of poli politics,
tics, politics, but of vital interest to women,
and this question should be settlea
for all time, especially since women
have so clearly shown their patriot
ism and ability. 'She made the motion
that the Ocala Woman s Club endorse
the Susan B. Anthony amendment in
favor" of political equality and for forward
ward forward the resolution tothe senators
of : this state. Mrs. William Hocker,
in a concise, speech, "seconded the mo motion
tion motion which was unanimously carried.
Miss Mays was appointed to corres correspond
pond correspond .with our senators in regard to
thisfrnitter.y'"' t -J;
At the close of the meeting the
forestry and park committee served
. A TJATION OF SPIES
Christiania. s Norway. (Correspon
dence" of the Associated ress). An
official handbook of German espion espionage,
age, espionage, one of the most remarkable doc
uments of the war, was produced as
evidence in the course of the great
Bergen spy case, which has just been
ended iH the-courts with the convic
tion, of six of the defendents.
The handbook was found in the
safe of ,Herr Paasche, one of the em employes
ployes employes of the so-called German Infor
mation Agency. Its title page bears
the inscription "Duties of the Es Espionage
pionage Espionage Service," and it contains, in
the words of the court, "the objects
and methods of the German informa information
tion information agency in Scandinavia."
The introduction says that impor
tant information can be obtained
through the neutral or enemy ships
which come to Scandinavian ; ports,
regarding such points as minefields,
minebelts, changes in lightships, etc.
"By such information," it explains,
"our U-boats can be shown not only
safe routes, but also objects of at attack.".:
tack.".: attack.".: v;;;'
The following is a summary of one
; "Through shipping only can we
get to know the enemy's guardships
where his ships are stationed, knowl knowledge
edge knowledge of his cruisers and other infor information.
mation. information. The best source is a ship
captain, but they are difficult to ob obtain.
tain. obtain. The younger mates are easier
to get as their wages are not high.
But if neither of these is available,
the most likely person on a ship
should be approached. Monthly pay payment
ment payment of 50 to 500 kroner is available.
Captains on English, passenger ships
are usually paid 300 kroner.- Mates
on neutral tramp steamers between
England and France, 100 to 125 kron-
" "Much information can be gained
from passengers also says the hand handbook.
book. handbook. The importance is shown of
maintaining a good connection with
representatives of the neutral press.
The hiring- of commercial or other
persons who travel in the enemy
country is suggested. "The best per persons,"
sons," persons," says the handbook, "are com commercial
mercial commercial travelers who have been ac
customed to. travel for some firm,
and who carry on an actual and con continuous
tinuous continuous business. Just now also wait
ers, barbers, metal-workers for ship-
yards and ammunition factories, and
nujses are much sought after in Eng England.
land. England. Women are especially recom recommended
mended recommended as good agents for obvious
The greatest danger is said to be
m the sending of information. "But
this says the writer of the : hand handbook.
book. handbook. "is reduced to a minimum bv
j ouft chemicaT agentsTin "Germany who
22 TUHEFUL TUHES
"THE BIdGEST NOVELTY AND DANCE SHOW
FlTRJlI The Big
LAllliii ? Over The
CARLOAD OF SPECIAL StEKERY! CAPTIVATING CHORUS
x Most Beautiful and Expensive Costumes Ever Carried .With a Road Production
THE BIGGEST SUCCESS IN YEARS HAUNTING TUNES. PRETTY GIRLS!
The Biggest Show -Ever
Offered at These Prices
THE 3IUSICAL COMEDY
NOVELTY WITH A MOST
- NOTABLE CAST-
,v if s
A" Riot of Color and Beauty.
Swagger Fashion Chorus v
Costumed in the Latest Crea Creation
tion Creation of 1918
PRICES . ... . .50c to $1.50
SEATS ON SALE NOW
TAX ASSESSOR'S APPOINTMENTS
I will be at the following places to
receive tax returns" for 1918. -Meet me
with your deed and save trouble:
No. January, 1918 '-.
30 Martel, 21st, A. JM.
4 Cotton Plant, 21st. P. M.
6 Heldtvllle, 22nd, A. M.
24 Dunnellon, 22nd, P. M.
5 Romeo, 23rd, A. M.
20 Blitchton, 24th, A. VL
33 Emathla, 24th,P. CM.
29 Kendriclc, 25th, A. M.
18 .llartln, 25th P. M.
18 Lowell. 26th, A. M.
2 Reddick, 26thr.P. M.
31 Fairfield. 28th, A M.
3 Flemington, 28th, P. M.
32 Central, 29th, A. M.
32 Geisrer. 29th. P. M.
22 Mcintosh, 30th, A. M.
7 Shady, 31st, A. M.
21 Santos, 1st, 8 to 9.A. M.
21 Belleview, 1st, A, M.
23 Pedro, 2nd, A. M.
8 Summerfield, 2nd. P. IL
25 Candler, 4th, A. VL
9 Oklawaha, 4 th, P M.
19 Eastlake, 6th, A. iL
19 Weirsdale, 6th, P. M.
10 .Moss Bluff, 7th, A. M.
10-Electra, 7th, P. M.
11 Lynne. 8th, A. M.
11 Conner. 8th, P. M.
13 Burbank, 9th, A. M.
13 Fort McCoy, 9th, P. M.
27 Eureka, 11th, A. M.
14 Orange Springs, 11th, P. M.
17 Anthony,"' 12th, A. M.
26 Sparr, 12th, P. M.
13 fine, 13 tn, a. ai. ai.-16
16 ai.-16 Citra,-13th, P. M.
1 Ocala, all of March.
-r The law requires all tax returns to
be made by first of ApriL
1-11 Tax Assessor.
have taken special interest in this,
and have prepared means, which ow owing
ing owing to the inferiority of the enemy's
chemical knowledge he is traahle to
tietect. The materials are given to
agents in a form which attracts no
One of these methods illustrated in
the course of the trial was by means
of handkerchiefs, Kn which the infor information
mation information was conveyed by ,means of
Buy war, savings stamps."
Store by registered One
is on duty at all times.
Advertise in tht. Star.
Qualifications of a Wife.
An exchange asks: "Can an actress
make a good wife?; .If she's a gootf
e,tress she-probWr can. Life.
v rr T-rvT-iTk
It rt I iTiA n I JFirV
Careful Estimates made on all Con
tract work. Gives More and Better
Work for the Money than any other
contractor in the city.
y V.y Lx.vi
it 1 1
ORR'S BIG MUSICAL COMEDY SURPRISE
fTnn m ;tt 'nri:.-
A Mnsical Babble With a Swarm o! Fnn and
22 40 PEOPLE 40
A SHOW OF YOUTH AND BEAUTY!
Winter Garden Novelty
Heads Of The Audience
Cfln C1 flfl C1 Sfl PLUS Seats on Sale I
UUU UU I. UU pi.UU-WAR TAX Monday
' NEW GROCERY ST03E
We have opened a new place of business at the corner of Magno Magnolia
lia Magnolia street opposite the Baptist church, and will at all times carry
complete line of r -,
STAPLE AND FANCY GEO CEMES
-if' AND .ALL' KINDS OF FEED.
Everything is Brand New and Fresh, and oar prices will be found
reasonable. Give us a trial. Free Delivery anywhere in town.
Fiv$t Class :
J.J. toy, Proprietor
:'M 1ELICATE !MM,
: m Receive Special Attention
12 E. Ft. Girifl Ave. Ccola, Fla
I $5 makespO
It will buy twenty of these 25 cent
kits oi tobacco and cigarettes
Look at the 'Smokes' it buys J
Our toilet articles are the best to be
had at any price. Try them and "buy
war savings stamps' with the sav sav-ings.
ings. sav-ings. The Court Pharmacy. tf
In the Circuit Court of the Fifth
Judicial Circuit of Florida, iirand
Sp?Park Farms, ?Florida or-
poration, Complainant, vs.
Unknown Persons Claiming an
Interest in and to the Northwest
Quarter and East Half of South-
west Quarter- of Section 26,
Tftwnclivn 11 Rfinf.li. Ranee 22.
i East Defendants O r d e r for
j Constructive Service.
It is ordered that the defendants
'j herein named, to-wit: All unknown
! persons claiming an interest in and
- to tlie northwest quarter and east half
f southwest quarter of section ZS,
township 14, south, range 22, east, be
and they are, hereby required to ap appear
pear appear to the bill'of complaint filed in
this cause on or before
3Ionday, the gth day of ApriL 1918.
It i3 further ordered that a copy of
this order, be published once a week
for 12 consecutive weeks in the Ocala
' 1 1
i I Ills?
I h 1 1 n
3 BIG ACTS 3
OF THE SEASON
THE ILLUMUIATED RUI1VAY
Evening Star, a newspaper published
in said county and state.
This otlr day of January, 19 IS.
(Seal) P. H. Nugent,
Clerk Circuit Court, Marion county,
Fla. By Ruth Ervin, D. C.
T TTT Tl 1
I Complainant's Solicitor. 1-7-mon
Lb vim uu.va.1.
NOTICE TO CEEDITOES
MS f .d-
other persons having claims! or de demands
mands demands against the estate of 'Andrew
OI?cn, deceased, to present the Eanse
to the undersigned duly proven
within two years from thi3 date, to-,
This 4th day of August, A. D. 1317.
As Administrator of the Estate cf
Andrew Olson, Deceasri. 8-6-mon
Get My Bulletin
J. H. BRINSON' Ocsli"
xml version 1.0 encoding UTF-8 standalone no
fcla fda yes
!-- Ocala evening star ( Newspaper ) --
METS:mets OBJID UF00075908_06847
METS:metsHdr CREATEDATE 2014-08-01T00:11:22Z ID LASTMODDATE 2009-04-29T15:57:01Z RECORDSTATUS COMPLETE
METS:agent ROLE CREATOR TYPE ORGANIZATION
METS:name UF,University of Florida
OTHERTYPE SOFTWARE OTHER
Go UFDC FDA Preparation Tool
METS:mdWrap MDTYPE MODS MIMETYPE textxml LABEL Metadata
mods:accessCondition This item is presumed to be in the public domain. The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item.
mods:genre authority marcgt newspaper
mods:identifier type OCLC 11319113
LCCN sn 84027621
mods:languageTerm text English
code iso639-2b eng
mods:physicalLocation University of Florida
mods:note dates or sequential designation Began in 1895; ceased in 1943.
Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 5 (June 24, 1895).
funding Funded by NEH in support of the National Digital Newspaper Project (NDNP), NEH Award Number: Project #00110855
mods:publisher Porter & Harding
mods:placeTerm marccountry flu
mods:dateIssued February 04, 1918
marc point start 1895
mods:frequency Daily (except Sunday)
mods:recordIdentifier source UF00075908_06847
mods:recordOrigin Imported from (OCLC)11319113
mods:recordContentSource University of Florida
mods:extent v. : ; 61 cm.
mods:title Ocala weekly star
mods:subject SUBJ651_1 lcsh
mods:geographic Ocala (Fla.)
Marion County (Fla.)
mods:country United States
Ocala evening star
Ocala Evening Star
alternative displayLabel Other title
OTHERMDTYPE SOBEKCM SobekCM Custom
sobekcm:Name Porter & Harding
sobekcm:PlaceTerm Ocala, Fla.
sobekcm:statement UF University of Florida
sobekcm:SerialHierarchy level 1 order 1918 1918
3 4 4
GML Geographic Markup Language
gml:Point label Place of Publication
DAITSS Archiving Information
daitss:AGREEMENT_INFO ACCOUNT PROJECT UFDC
File Technical Details
METS:fileGrp USE reference
METS:file GROUPID G1 JP21 imagejp2 CHECKSUM c0990585667100f8a370db84e608e092 CHECKSUMTYPE MD5 SIZE 7391331
METS:FLocat LOCTYPE OTHERLOCTYPE SYSTEM xlink:href 0127.jp2
G2 JP22 178275da3b424e6165fe0a6b840f17bd 7390541
G3 JP23 72d1285a763514ac7e103c15d14de287 7364921
G4 JP24 6e925a295ae1dc9d243180e00e02da07 7288584
TIF1 imagetiff f198978d7fac9a7d28bcbd819de20f0f 59121579
TIF2 87c8acf76aba09ae59227d535d4735d4 59096773
TIF3 a9cbb1d8849687ba6b3c941468b28da8 58892481
TIF4 ca8d615376a2b46c6e17d9784ec2019b 58299523
ALTO1 unknownx-alto 1202994f96ebae8a191a18ffcadb98e4 766189
ALTO2 faa4b50abd2e9170aaea7a4a8baf3d29 777543
ALTO3 bb2e3a36ae790760a79d062883c0183e 793474
ALTO4 e97e0255a52441e8662dfb95a4fe393d 666324
TXT1 textplain 0e7111eb9b6b06267140e7672bff88c2 24406
TXT2 a93fe163a48ce5bb6a0b5fc9689f97d9 24951
TXT3 b73f2ad2511f805438d7da97766616f2 25462
TXT4 6acc0ae0b37cfd009d75bb0c91850176 20803
METS1 unknownx-mets 3cf089156d552afc3f596dc4506d7c06 9858
METS:structMap STRUCT1 physical
METS:div DMDID ADMID The ORDER 0 main