• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Historic note
 Main














Group Title: Research Report - University of Florida Agricultural Research and Education Center ; 84-3
Title: Cabbage nematicide trial
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075878/00001
 Material Information
Title: Cabbage nematicide trial
Series Title: Research Report - University of Florida Agricultural Research and Education Center ; 84-3
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Creator: Rhoades, H. L.
Publisher: University of Florida, Agricultural Research and Education Center
Publication Date: 1983
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075878
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 122256927

Table of Contents
    Historic note
        Historic note
    Main
        Page 1
        Page 2
Full Text





HISTORIC NOTE


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
(EDIS)

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.






Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida









University of Florida
AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND EDUCATION CENTER
Sanford, Florida

Research Report SAN 84-3 August 1983

CABBAGE NEMATICIDE TRIAL

H. L. Rhoades


Cabbage is an important vegetable crop in Florida with a reported
value of $33.6 million in 1981-82 produced on 14,200 acres. It is produced
primarily on fine sand type soils where it is attacked by several plant
nematode species. Particularly important are the sting nematode,
Belonolaimus longicaudatus; the root-knot nematodes, Meloidogyne spp.;
and in Seminole County, the cyst nematode, Heterodera schachtii.

In the late winter and spring of 1983, a nematicide trial was conducted
at AREC-Sanford on Myakka fine sand infested with B. longicaudatus; the
lance nematode, Hoplolaimus galeatus; and the stubby-root nematode,
Trichodorus christiei. It was designed to compare the efficacy of the
soil fumigant Soilbrom 90 (EDB) with several organophosphorus and carbamate
nematicides. The experimental design was a randomized complete block with
five replicates. Plot size was 5 feet (2 rows) X 38 feet. The nematicides
involved in the test were:

1. Soilbrom 90 (EDB), Great Lakes Chemical Corporation.
2. Nemacur (fenamiphos), MOBAY Chemical Corporation.
3. Mocap (ethoprop), Rhone-Poulenc, Inc.
4. Furadan (carbofuran), FMC Corporation.
5. Vydate (oxamyl), E. I. DuPont de Nemours & Co., Inc.
6. Counter (terbufos), American Cyanamid Company.
7. Standak (aldoxycarb), Union Carbide Agricultural Products Co.

The soil fumigant, EDB, was injected 6 inches deep in-the-row with a
single chisel on January 27, 1983. The granular nonfumigant nematicides
were applied as 15-inch bands in-the-row and incorporated 2-3 inches with
rotary spiked wheels on February 9. A liquid formulation of the nonfumigant
Standak was applied as a spray in a 15-inch band, then incorporated in the
same manner as the granules. Standak was also applied as a transplant
water treatment in which it was applied in 1/2 pint of water per foot of
row. 'Gourmet' cabbage plants were transplanted on February 10. Soil
samples were collected for nematode population determination on April 11
and the cabbage was harvested on Hay 12.

The results are presented in Table 1. All treatments reduced sting
nematode populations and all increased yield significantly. Only EDB
appeared to control lance nematodes, however, this nematode apparently had
little effect on yield. Populations of the stubby-root nematode apparently
were too low to affect yield, but, as often happens, this nematode returned
faster after use of the soil fumigant than for the nonfumigants.










-2-


Table 1. Effect of nematicides on nematode populations and yield
of cabbage.


Nematodesz Yield
Treatment Rate/A Sting Lance Stubby-root (crates/A)


Check

EDB (90 EC)

Nemacur
'I

Mocap



Furadan
"I

Vydate



Counter
11


Standak
11

Standak
it


(Trans. H20)
1I


1.5 gal

2 lb

3 "

2 "

3 "

2 "

3 "

2 "

3 "

2 "

3 "

2 "

3 "

2 "

3 "


76

2

23

16

35

31

48

27

36

47

44

23

63

57

38

36


155

3

124

150

148

145:

99

105

89

131

178

126

77

86

128

53


32

76

18

7.

9

10

34

17

9

12

36

12

19

22

17

15


407

1116

943

874

830

891

926

900

1003

891

977

1038

761

804

934

770

277


LSD .05


ZAverage number of nematodes extracted from 100 cc of soil.




University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs