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Group Title: Celery variety trials.
Title: Celery variety trials. 1976
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075815/00001
 Material Information
Title: Celery variety trials. 1976
Series Title: Celery variety trials.
Translated Title: Research Report - University of Florida Agricultural Research and Education Center ; 77-2 ( English )
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: White, J. M.
Publisher: University of Florida, Agricultural Research and Education Center
Publication Date: 1976
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Bibliographic ID: UF00075815
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 144607610

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HISTORIC NOTE


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
(EDIS)

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.






Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida






AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND EDUCATION CENTER
Sanford, Florida

SResearch Report CF 77-2 July 20, 1976

Celery Variety Trials, 1976 i f/'
J. M. White
Assistant Horticulturist / ,S -

Six varieties or promising breeding lines of cele4 were compared in
replicated trials and 28 lines were compared in obse(&t p al trials at the
Clonts' Farm, Zellwood, Florida. .UhIV-.f Id
Of florida
Seed were sown November 15, 1975, in Belle Glade, The celery wais- .",
mechanically transplanted into the grower's field in Zellwood on February 18, 1976,
The grower maintained the plot as he did his own celery. Rows were 24 inches
on center with plants six to seven inches apart. Approximately 35 plants were
set per plot. Six replications in a randomized block design was used for the
replicated trial and two replications were used for the observational trial. The
soil type was an Everglades mucky peat.

Rainfall during the season included: after February 18 0 6 inches;
March 2. 5 inches; April 1. 2 inches; May 1 to 6 0. 9 inches. Water was
not a limiting factor since overhead irrigation was used after transplanting and the
water table was maintained in lateral ditches to provide adequate soil moisture.

The replication trial was harvested on May 4 and the observational trial on
May 6. Marketable yield, stalk size, average petiole length, the number of plants
having node cracks, pithy petioles, twisted petioles, Rhizoctonia and brown stem
are included in Tables 1 and 2.

No significant difference was found in the yield as expressed in number of
60 pound crates per acre in the replicated trial (Table 1). M68-27 had the highest
yield with 1210 crates per acre while Florimart had the lowest with 992 crates
per acre. June Belle had the second highest yield, and had the best overall field
appearance. All six lines had long petioles. 2-14 had the longest petiole of
23.6 cm. M68-29A had the shortest average petiole length at 21.5 cm. The petiole
length was measured from the base to the first node on a random sample of one
petiole from each of ten plants in each replication. It was observed that the out-
side petiole sampled was not as long as some of the petioles nearer the heart.

June Belle and 2-14 had the largest size with and average stalk weight of 2. 0
pounds. 2-14 had 12.6 per cent of its plants develop seed stalks. No seed stalks
were found in M-6827, M68-29A, and Florimart. Node cracks were not a problem,
but some were observed on each line. Florimart had 20 stalks which had one or
more node cracks out of 148 sampled. June Belle had four stalks which had one
or more node cracks out of 156 sampled. Less than one per cent of the stalks
sampled had any pithy petioles. M68-29A and to a lesser extent 2-14 had some
plants with twisted hearts andlor petioles. Brown stem and Rhizoctonia were
found, but only on the outer few petioles. M68-29A had more stalks with these
problems, but was not considered to be of economic importance.








In the observational trial, M68-61-1 had the highest yield with 1413 crates per
acre (Table 2). M68-21-1 and M58-2-5 had the largest stalk size with an average
weight of 2. 3 pounds. M68-27-3 was the only line of the 34 tested with an average
petiole length less than 20 cm. M22-3 SB13-5 had the longest petioles with 28.5 cm,

In the observational plot, M68-21-1 had the best overall appearance. M22-3M,
M-22-3MM, and M22-3 SB10-5 were also better than the average in field appearance.



Table 1. Replicated celery variety trial on the Clonts' Farm, Zellwood, 1976.

Avg. Avg. Number of stalks with
Crates/ mkt. % % petiole Node Brown stem
Variety acre wt. culls seeders length cracks pithy twisted Rhizoctonia

M68-27 1210 1.9 0 0 22.8 14 1 0 4
June Belle 1151 2.0 8.3 4.5 22.2 4 1 0 3
2-14 1075 2.0 14.6 12.6 23.6 8 0 2 1
M68-29A 1060 1.7 2.0 0 21,5 11 0 4 7
M68-27A 1060 1.9 9.3 7.3 23.3 16 1 0 1
Florimart 992 1.6 0 0 22.4 20 0 0 0

LSD .05 116.9 (F test not significant)






-3-

Table 2. Observational celery variety trial on Clonts' Farm, Zellwood, 1976.

Avg. Avg. Total Number of stalks with
Crates/ mkt % % petiole no. Node Brown ster:
Variety acre wt. culls seeders length stalks cracks pithy twisted Rhizoctonir

M68-21-1 1413 2.3 0 0 24.0 51 1 3 0 6
(or 27-6)
M58-2-5 1372 2.3 3.4 0 25.7 59 0 7 0 0
M68-21-1 1317 2.2 2.1 0 25.6 49 0 1 0 1
1752A-12 1275 2.1 4.3 0 23.9 47 1 0 4 1
M22-3
SB10-5 1272 2.0 0 0 26.4 50 2 9 0 6

M22-3M 1261 2.0 0 0 22.7 50 0 9 0 0
1752A-26 1257 2.0 0 0 21.3 49 4 8 0 0
1752A-25 1252 2.0 0 22.8 49 1 3 0 1
M-70-3-1 1251 2.0 0 0 22.9 50 0 8 0 3
M22-3
SB13-11 1247 2.1 3.9 0 24.2 51 0 1 0 1

M22-3 MM 1242 2.0 0 0 24.2 50 1 8 1 3
ES 1625-1-
4A 1223 2.0 0 0 25.1 50 0 0 10 1
M22-3 SB
13-10 1216 2.0 0 0 23.1 50 0 5 0 2
1752-1-6 1215 2.0 0 0 24.1 48 1 1 0 0
Florimart 1198 1.9 0 0 21.7 48 16 0 0 1

M68-27-3 1196 1.9 0 0 19.4 50 0 2 0 1
M68-23-3 1192 2.0 2.0 0 20.4 50 0 1 0 1
M68-29 1181 1.9 2.0 0 21.3 49 1 1 0 1
M68-27-5 1157 1.9 0 0 21.1 49 1 3 0 1
2-14 1149 1.8 4.0 4.0 24.8 50 1 0 0 1

M68-29-2 1134 1.9 1.9 0 21.9 52 1 1 0 11
1752-1-10 1130 1.8 0 0 22.6 50 3 1 0 0
1752-1-12 1113 1.8 0 0 24.7 50 0 0 0 0
1752-1-11 1068 1.7 0 0 21.0 49 2 0 0 0
M22-3 SB
13-5 1053 2.0 16.0 14.0 28.5 50 3 8 2 6

ES1624-M 1030 1.7 3.8 3.8 23.3 52 0 9 0 5
M68-23-1 1021 1.7 5.9 3.9 23.4 51 0 1 4 2


1.9 26.4 26.4 23.2 53 0 0 0


M9-1-11-1 864




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