Group Title: Cabbage variety trials.
Title: Cabbage variety trials. 1996
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075800/00008
 Material Information
Title: Cabbage variety trials. 1996
Series Title: Cabbage variety trials.
Alternate Title: Research Report - University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences ; 96-09
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: White, J. M.
Hancik, Ivalou D.
Publisher: University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Central Florida Agricultural Research and Education Center
Publication Date: 1996
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075800
Volume ID: VID00008
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 144607381

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C/ "s University of Florida
/ Institute of Food & Agricultural Sciences
Central Florida Research & Education Center
2700 East Celery Avenue
Sanford, FL 32771

Research Report SAN-96-09 Marston ScienceJune 1996
Library
CABBAGE VARIETY TRIAL
AUG 131996
J. M. White and Ivalou D. Hancik
University of Florida
This report summarizes the evaluations of 29 fresh-market cabbage cultivars/lines.
Entries were evaluated for their adaptability to central Florida's winter production conditions.
Fertilizer and pesticides were applied as suggested in the Cooperative Extension Service
Control Guide. City of Sanford reclaimed water was used to irrigate on an as-needed basis.
At this time, it is not legal to use reclaimed water to overhead irrigate vegetables which will
not be thermally processed.

The seedbed was sown on October 27, 1995. Seedlings were transplanted to a
Myakka fine sand on December 5, 1995. A randomized block design was used with single-
row plots, 30' long x 2.5' wide and 9.5" in-row spacing; there were four replications.

Harvesting began on March 22, 1996 (108 days), and ended on April 16, 1996 (133
days). Due to non-uniform head development, accentuated by excess rainfall, each plot was
harvested several times, as the heads reached maturity. Yield data and other characteristics
rated in this trial are recorded in Table 1; weather data are noted in Table 2. Green Cup and
Rio Verde are considered standard cultivars for this area and should be used to make
comparisons for desirable characteristics.

Seed Sources

AM AMSA Seed Co., P. O. Box 5301, Modesto, CA 95352-5301
AS Asgrow Seed Co., 7000 Portage Rd., Kalamazoo, MI 49001
AT American Takii, Inc., 301 Natividad Rd., Salinas, CA 93906
DA Daehnfeldt, P. O. Box 947, Albany, OR 97321
FM Ferry-Morse Seed Co., Box 4938, Modesto, CA 95352-4938
HM Harris Moran Seed Co., 100 Breen Rd., San Juan Bautista, CA 95045
PE Peter-Edward Seed Co., 302 S. Center St., Eustis, FL 32726
PS Petoseed Co., Inc., P. O. Box 4206, Saticoy, CA 93304-0206
RO Rogers Seed Co., P. O. Box 4188, Boise, ID 83711-4188




0,


TABLE 1.


Replicated cabbage variety trial,


ford, FL, 1996. 0


Corew Disease rating'
Days to Yield/acreY Percent" Avg. head length Head Inter- Hold Downy Alter- Black
Entry Source harvest Crates cwt. harvested wt. (lb) (cm) shapev cover" iort Colors ingr mildew naria rot Notes

Rio Verde RO 121 700 a" 350 a 55 2.9 a 8.1 a-d R-swF 4.0 T G 4.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 wide core
XPH 15002 AS 120 677 a 338 a 54 2.8 ab 7.7 a-g R-swF 3.0 T BG 4.0 1.0 0.0 0.0
Atlantis PS 110 651 ab 325 ab 61 2.4 a-e 5.3 j R-swP 2.5 T BG 2.5 0.0 0.5 0.0 uniform, nice
FMX 551 FM 118 609 a-c 305 a-c 51 2.6 a-d 6.4 e-j R-swP 1.5 vT LG 2.5 0.5 0.5 0.0 sun scald
Gaia DA 114 558 a-d 279 a-d 43 2.9 a 6.2 f-j P 4.0 T BG 3.5 0.0 0.5 0.0
-------------------------------_____--------------- ------------------------------------------------------ T --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Blue Bayou AS 119 545 a-d 273 a-d 50 2.5 a-e 8.4 a-c R 3.5 T BG 4.0 1.0 1.0 0.0
PS57684 PS 124 528 a-d 264 a-d 47 2.4 a-e 7.1 a-i R 4.0 vT BG 4.0 0.5 0.5 0.5 wide core
Blue Gem HM 116 499 a-d 249 a-d 50 2.3 a-f 7.0 b-i OV 3.0 vT G 3.0 0.5 0.0 0.0
Izalco RO 124 489 a-d 244 a-d 51 2.1 b-f 7.7 a-g R-swOV 4.0 vT G 3.0 0.5 0.5 0.5
Cheers AT 121 481 a-d 240 a-d 39 2.7 a-c 7.3 a-j R-swF 3.5 T BG 4.0 0.0 0.5 0.0
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ --------
Tempo AM 121 463 a-d 231 a-d 39 2.5 a-e 7.0 b-i R 4.0 T DG 3.5 0.5 0.0 0.5 hollow heart
Fortress FM 117 459 a-d 230 a-d 39 2.7 a-c 8.5 ab R-swF 4.0 T BG 4.0 0.5 0.5 0.0
XPH 15508 AS 118 454 a-d 227 a-d 45 2.3 a-f 5.8 ij R 3.0 vT LG 3.5 0.5 1.0 0.0
Blue Thunder HM 124 445 a-d 223 a-d 33 2.8 ab 8.1 a-d R 4.0 vT BG 4.0 1.0 0.5 0.5
Green Cup AT 121 435 a-d 218 a-d 36 2.4 a-e 7.0 b-i R 2.5 T G 4.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 nice, clean
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
PSR 18589 PS 120 432 a-d 216 a-d 43 2.4 a-e 7.0 b-i R-swF 3.5 vT G 3.0 3.5 0.0 0.0 heavy disease
CB6-F RO 125 417 a-e 209 a-e 44 2.1 b-f 8.7 a R 4.0 T BG 3.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 bulb shape
FMX552 FM 118 408 a-e 204 a-e 47 1.9 d-f 6.1 g-j R-swP 2.5 vT G 4.5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Exp 444 PE 124 361 a-e 181 a-e 36 2.1 b-f 7.2 a-i F 4.0 sT G 3.5 1.5 0.5 0.0
CB 7 RO 120 346 a-e 173 a-e 40 2.0 c-f 7.2 a-i F 4.0 T G 3.5 0.5 0.0 0.0 splitting
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ --------


XPH 5957
Marquee
Solid Savoy
Striker
Exp 455


AS
AM
RO
AM
PE


126
125
119
128
123


345
319
308
290
276


a-e
b-e
b-e
c-e
c-e


173
159
154
145
138


a-e
b-e
b-e
c-e
c-e


2.3
2.1
1.9
2.2
2.5


a-f
b-f
d-f
a-f
a-e


6.6
6.8
6.9
7.3
7.9


d-j
c-j
b-i
a-i
a-e


RswOV
swF
R
OV-swF
R-swF


3.0
3.5
3.0
4.0
3.5


vT
sT
T
vT
T


BG
G
DG
DG
G


3.5
4.0
3.5
3.0
3.5


0.5
0.5
0.0
0.5
0.5


1.5
0.5
0.0
0.5
1.0


0.5
0.0
1.0
0.0
0.0





TABLE 1. Cont'd.

Corew Disease ratingq
Days to Yield/acrey Percentx Avg. head length Head Inter- Hold Downy Alter- Black
Entry Source harvest Crates cwt. harvested wt. (lb) (cm) shape' cover" iort Color5 ingr mildew naria rot Notes

XPH 5910 AS 119 276 c-e 138 c-e 34 1.8 ef 7.5 a-h R-swP 3.5 vT R 3.0 0.5 0.0 0.0
Blue Pak Y.R. FM 125 223 de 111 de 23 2.3 a-f 6.9 b-i R-swP 3.5 vT BG 4.0 0.5 1.0 1.0
D-385 DA 124 202 de 101 de 20 2.1 b-f 7.8 a-f R-swP 3.5 T BG 4.0 0.5 1.0 0.0
Crimson RO 130 74 e 37 e 12 1.6 f 6.0 h-j R-swF 3.5 vT R 3.0 0.5 0.0 0.0


zMean separation in columns by Duncan's Multiple Range Test, 0.05 level General Linear Models Procedure. Means followed by the same letter are not significantly different.

YYield expressed as 50 lb cartons/crates per acre.

xPercent harvested relates the actual number of heads harvested in each plot to potential harvest if all plants produced marketable heads.

WAn average measurement of two heads sampled, per replication, at harvest.

"Head shape R = round, OV = oval, F = flat, P = pointed, sw = somewhat, e.g., swP = somewhat pointed.

"Head cover rated 1 = poor, 2 = fair, 3 = good, 4 = very good, 5 = excellent.

Internal head quality/tightness, an average of two heads/replication, T = tight, L = loose, S = semi, V = very.

sPlant color G = green, BG = bluegreen, DG = darkgreen, LG = light green, R = red.

'Ability of a variety to remain in the field beyond maturity without splitting, sun scalding or otherwise becoming non-marketable rated two weeks after harvest date 1 = poor, 2 = fair,
3 = good, 4 = very good, 5 =. excellent.

qDiseases rated in trial DM = downy mildew, ALT = alternaria (Alternaria dauci), BR = black rot (Xanthomonas campestris); rated 0-5, where 0 = absence of disease, and
5 = severe disease problem.




I I i


TABLE 2. Temperature and rainfall at CFREC-Sanford during the fall/winter growing
season (October 27, 1995 April 16, 1996).

Daily temperature (oF)
Date Maximum Minimum Rainfall (in.)


October 27-31

November 1-30

December 1-31

January 1-31

February 1-29

March 1-31

April 1-16


0.00

2.28

1.93

5.75

1.30

11.19

1.83
Total 24.04




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