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Improving farm income
Planned and expended time by program area
The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.
Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida, Gainesville
The year 1972 was an administrative landmark for the Florida Cooperative Extension Service. When Mon-
roe County appropriated funds for extension services, it became the 67th and final county in the State to
enter into a cooperative arrangement with the University of Florida. Also in 1972, the Florida Legislature
passed an act which clarifies the status of County Extension employees as staff members of the University
To understand the significance of these two events, it is useful to reflect on the history of the Extension
Service in Florida. The Florida Cooperative Extension Service was created by the Congress in 1914 through
the Smith-Lever Act. The State of Florida assented to the provisions of the Smith-Lever Act in 1915, and
designated the University of Florida to administer the Act. The main thrust of Extension is to extend to the
people of Florida the results of research conducted by the University of Florida and the U.S.D.A. This was
probably the federal government's first attempt at revenue sharing in that federal funds are sent to the state
and the Act provides for cooperation between the University and local units of government. In Florida this
has traditionally been between the University and County Boards of Commissioners. But it also could be
between cities and other governmental units such as school boards.
Since its beginning the Florida Cooperative Extension Service has tried to work closely with county govern-
ment and supports any program considered to be educational as opposed to "action programs." For exam-
ple, in controversial areas such as family planning, Extension Home Economics Agents help families to un-
derstand the need for family planning. As appropriate, families are referred to the Health Department or a
Family Planning Clinic.
The Extension approach to matters such as voter registration is to train youth in citizenship. Hopefully, this
will lead to the young person's registering to vote and accepting the responsibility of citizenship. When
other agencies exist that can provide the service, the Extension Service refers individuals to the appropriate
agency. Informing the audience about the service and even actively encouraging a family to seek services
available is often a part of the Extension program.
In several counties of the State, programs are being carried out which go beyond traditional Extension pro-
grams. For example, one county has placed all educational activities of the Board of County Commissioners
under the administrative responsibility of the County Extension Director. In another county, a memoran-
dum of understanding approved by the Board of Regents and State Clearing House permits the Cooperative
Extension Service to administer grant funds from the county to carry out a special program for the low-
income retired people. This is a pilot program funded from the Older American Act.
Extension is also still very much concerned with agricultural production problems, which require trained
specialists to solve. It is also challenged by demands for help in energy conservation, improving the quality
of the environment, processing, handling, and retailing of agricultural products, and working in the areas of
Florida's Affirmative Action Program legally obligates the Florida Cooperative Extension Service to make
programs available to all people, regardless of geographic location or socio-economic status. But whatever
might be the place or the audience, the purpose is the same to help the citizens of Florida improve their
economic, social and cultural well-being.
S Joe N. Busby
Improving farm Income
Extension agricultural programs are divided
into three general headings: (1) commercial agri-
culture; (2) community resource development:
and (3) environmental quality. Departmental ex-
tension activities during the past year are high-
lighted briefly under the three broad categories.
Farm income from agronomic crops in Florida
rose to more than $200 million in 1972, an 18
percent increase over the previous year. Forage
crops contributed an additional $200 million to
Florida's rapidly expanding livestock industry.
Extension Crop Specialists gathered information
from a large number of research demonstrations
-including crop varieties, herbicides, fertiliza-
tion, growth regulators and other variables. Data
were combined with other research findings to
provide field crop producers with information en-
abling them to remain economically competitive.
Specialists designed and developed "in-depth"
schools, meetings, publications, farm visits, radio,
television, tours, field days and other methods to
help farmers meet new and changing situations.
Development of the campaign approach is in-
suring the effective establishment of the Florida
Program for Economical Citrus Production. Asso-
ciation organizations and extension activities also
are contributing to increased production of other
fruits and nuts. Florida's fledgling peach indus-
try increased acreage 25 percent. Lime pruning
demonstrations have led to hedging and topping
by avacado and mango producers. The result has
been better handling methods and reduced pick-
Extension Specialists cooperated with the
Gadsden County Extension Office in advising sev-
eral farmers considering a shift in production'
from tobacco to woody ornamental nursery stock.
A decline in demand for shade wrapper tobacco
has caused a local surplus of labor, land and
facilities. Interested farmers were advised on
selection and preparation of land for nursery
production, market potentials and procedures for
production of quality nursery stock.
When the first outbreaks of late blights on po-
tatoes and tomatoes, and downy mildew on water-
melon, were noted in South Florida, a survey was
made to determine the extent of the problem and
the potential threat to other areas. Action was
then taken through the County Extension Serv-
ices to inform local producers of the seriousness
of the problem. Growers were given the latest
recommendations on materials and methods which
should be used to prevent or lessen the potential
severity of the diseases. These efforts contributed
substantially to a very successful season for all
Each year Florida grown vegetables face in-
creased competition in the market. One approach
to meeting the competition is to offer the con-
sumer an improved product. Florida Sweet, a new
sweet corn variety, has gained consumer prefer-
ence over the regular variety during the past
year. Red ripe Florida MH-1 tomatoes have been
commercially harvested and marketed satisfac-
TOBACCO STRUCTURE ADAPTED FOR GROWING
NURSERY STOCK IN CONTAINERS
torily. Because less frequent pickings are re-
quired for red ripes than for vine ripes, the har-
vesting costs are less. Both the new sweet corn
variety and the new handling techniques for to-
matoes offer increased sales to meet consumer
Publications, county agent training sessions
and on-farm demonstrations were utilized to dis-
pense insect and nematode control recommenda-
tions. The Insect and Nematode Control guides
were up-dated and 23 publications were prepared.
Major talks were given to crop, livestock and
poultry producers. On-farm demonstrations for
nematode control were conducted on field corn,
tobacco, peanuts, soybeans, foliage, ornamentals
and pines. More than 1,000 soil samples were
analyzed for nematodes for commercial agricul-
ture during 1972.
Nearly 200 spraymen, researchers, salesmen,
agents, manufacturers and related professionals
attended the 6th Annual Agricultural Pest Con-
trol Conference. The program included papers
and discussion on control of insects, plant dis-
eases, weeds, nematodes, pest wildlife and appli-
cation of pesticides.
Over 800 specimens were received in the Plant
Disease Clinic during 1972. Most were unusual
specimens or unusual diseases not readily recog-
nized by County Agents.
The Extension Soil Testing Laboratory proc-
essed in excess of 41,000 samples. One of a series
of six planned Soil Identification Short Courses
was held for County Extension Directors in eleven
counties. The courses are designed to increase the
competency of the Extension County staff in soil
series identification, use of the new comprehen-
sive system of soil classification and provide new
insight into the residential, industrial and recre-
In the continuing program to improve the
weaning weight and quality of Florida calves
through production testing, 13 new ranches start-
ed keeping records with the Florida Beef Cattle
Improvement Association during 1972. Weaning
data was processed on 10,507 calves and post-
wean performance information was processed on
502 head. More than 800 ranchers and farmers
attended the Annual Beef Cattle Short Course in
May. Cow-Calf clinics, designed primarily for
commercial cattlemen, were held in five locations
scattered throughout the State. A Beef Cattle
Newsletter, initiated in 1972, kept county person-
nel abreast of the latest research findings.
To counteract a decline in numbers of swine,
the Extension Service placed emphasis on im-
provement in quality. A National Hampshire
Type Conference was held. Artificial insemina-
tion was used in a number of swine herds. -Use
of the Swine Evaluation Center by producers re-
sulted in improved quality. Efficient feed con-
version through the feeding of balanced rations
was stressed. And the Annual Swine Field Day
emphasized quality improvement.
On-the-farm demonstrations in artificial insem-
ination were conducted on several horse breeding
farms throughout the State. Florida has a num-
ber of extremely valuable stallions and artificial
insemination is an important means for spreading
the influence of these high quality sires.
Development of a new Dairy Production Guide
in 1972 was a major task. Dairy Science, Veteri-
nary Science, Agronomy, Agricultural Engineer-
ing and Entomology cooperated in preparing the
Guide, which were distributed through special
clinics, workshops, farm visits and mail requests.
Increased emphasis in 1972 was placed on raising
dairy calves, because of the increased costs and
availability of good replacements.
A workshop for poultry processing supervisors
provided training in causes of downgrading, dis-
eases, condemnation, sanitation and areas of
profit loss. Participants represented all but one
of Florida's poultry processing plants. As a re-
sult of this Extension educational effort, super-
visors will now be able to prevent problems, and
to identify and correct problem areas.
Increasing costs of livestock and poultry pro-
duction and the corresponding higher price of
food to consumers has resulted in greater concern
over livestock and poultry disease losses. These
losses include death losses, failure to produce liv-
ing young, losses due to retarded growth and poor
feeding efficiency, decreases in milk and egg pro-
duction, and indirect losses due to carcass con-
demnations and decreases in product quality.
Educational programs by the Extension Veteri-
nary staff are directed at producers, veterinarians
and others to acquaint them with the latest re-
search and management techniques to reduce
animal disease losses.
The lack of adequate facilities for on-farm dry-
ing and storing of seed and grain crops is one of
the most critical problems facing the Florida pro-
ducer. Information on the physical requirements
and how to manage crops in storage was presented
at grower meetings held in north and west Flor-
ida. In addition, mimeograph information on
grain drying and storing was made available
through County Extension offices. Field research
demonstration projects were conducted on water
management of peaches and mechanical harvest-
ing of tobacco. Results of the studies were made
available through publications and meetings.
Extension economists in the Food and Resource
Economics Department conduct educational pro-
grams with individual producers and firms, and
many groups and organizations in Florida agri-
culture. Programs and materials during 1972
helped producers and producer groups with deci-
sions, and assisted marketing firms and market-
ing organizations as well.
Livestock industries have had a particularly
vital need the past year for economic and market
outlook information. Cattle and hog prices have
increased as much as one-third in less than two
years with substantial fluctuations in certain peri-
ods. Grain and feed ingredient prices soared in
late 1972 with some items doubling in cost. Live-
stock producers and feeders, packers and meat
distributors, and feed industries are extremely
sensitive to market variations.
Information from the Southern Regional Out-
look Conference held in October each year pro-
vides a useful service to these affected Florida
sectors. Commodity and general economic out-
look papers from this workshop were summarized
and distributed to county Extension personnel
and other IFAS departments for their use with
producers and other industry personnel. For ex-
ample, the hog market outlook report was used
at the Swine Field Day in November to provide
Florida swine producers with needed data for
Producer groups in several sectors of Florida
Agriculture received Extension assistance with a
variety of marketing problems. A south Florida
county cattlemen's association requested Exten-
sion help in analyzing the feasibility of a new
livestock auction market for that area. Many
producers felt that existing market outlets and
methods were farther, more costly or less desir-
able than a nearby auction market.
A detailed feasibility study disclosed that a
new auction market would not be likely to attract
a large enough volume of cattle to be profitable.
While such a feasibility evaluation might appear
negative in terms of discouraging a new firm, the
livestock industry should be more healthy in the
long run. Investment in an unprofitable business
that failed would be costly to producers.
Commercial farm production of catfish has been
an important and growing industry in most south-
eastern states in the past five years. Initial opti-
mism and over-promotion by a few individuals
and agencies resulted in great expansion in pond
acreage in the late 1960's. It soon became clear
that the market was not adequately understood
or developed and producers and processors suf-
fered severely. Marketing problems have now
been recognized and some progress made in so-
In the early part of 1972, the Florida Seedsmen
and Garden Supply Association in cooperation
with the Florida Cooperative Extension Service
arranged, sponsored and conducted a series of
training seminars at four different locations in
the state. These seminars were well attended
with an enthusiastic group of participants.
Members of the Florida Nursery and Growers
Association interested in retailing sponsored an
all day merchandising and management seminar
in Tampa. In January, 1972 nearly 200 people
from throughout the U. S. and Canada assembled
to study the interrelationships of various han-
dlers in the process of marketing perishable agri-
cultural products-especially food items produced
During 1972 two basic farm management pub-
lications provided information urgently needed
for the planning of beef-cattle ranches and sugar-
cane plantings. For example, consider the impact
of the publication entitled "Requirements and
Returns for 1,000 Cow-Beef Herds on Flatwoods
Soils in Florida." This report provided data for
a revision of the Tax Assessors Guide relating to
pasture lands. The data contained in it have been
a basic part of presentations to seven different
groups totaling more than 1,600 people. The basic
study has been incorporated into three other pub-
lications and it provided much of the material for
a management seminar for cattlemen. Moreover,
Disneyworld used three cattle budgets in planning
their waste disposal systems and total land use
A sugarcane publication has been utilized in a
similar manner, although with a smaller total
audience. It has provided valuable management
information regarding the profitability of expand-
ing sugarcane acreage.
During 1972 management seminars were pro-
vided for producers of beef cattle, sugarcane and
A two-phase educational program was devel-
oped in the area of agricultural credit. First a
workshop was conducted with agricultural bank-
ers regarding cash-flow planning. The impetus
was on increasing the ability of bankers to match
the money with men who could use it profitably.
This was followed with an educational program
designed to acquaint young farmers with effective
techniques for getting and using money.
Farm management record keeping, always a
problem, was also given new attention in 1972.
In the most traditional approach, over 420 tax
practitioners were trained in preparing income
tax reports. These tax accountants annually pre-
pare income tax returns for 150,000 individuals,
3,600 farmers, and 18,000 other businesses.
An extension program for seafood processors
to improve handling and sanitation was empha-
sized throughout the year. The objective of the
program was to provide consumers with the high-
est possible quality seafood. In cooperation with
County Extension personnel, plant visits were
made to seafood handlers and processors and
scheduled sanitation programs were stressed. A
program was developed for instruction in the
maintenance of frozen food quality and presented
for food industry personnel. In addition, the pos-
sibility of growing tomatoes in Florida especially
for canning was evaluated and discussed at a
Tomato Processors Field Day.
Three highly successful continuing education
programs were conducted for commercial and
agency owned forest workers. Thirty-five forest
tree seed orchard foresters and/or technicians
from nine states participated in a Seed Orchard
Pest Workshop. One hundred ten persons, mostly
professional foresters, participated in a Sympo-
sium on Recreation Use of Private Forest Lands.
Ninety-nine persons attended a Symposium on
Sand Pine. Other Extension Forestry activities
included fertilizer recommendations for seven
forest tree seedling nurseries and all forest tree
Community Resource Development
Fruit crops and nuts have a significant income
producing potential in dooryards as well as com-
mercial orchards. For example, it is estimated
that family income of many rural and small com-
munities can be increased by as much as $1,000
per year through the sale of pecans by following
the Extension Service's proposed cultural man-
agement program. Most of the State's blueberry
crop is marketed on a pick-your-own-basis and
provides additional income in several rural com-
munities. Extension has assisted in forming
state associations and by providing information
through newsletters, shortcourses and grower
Efforts by Extension vegetable specialists to
kindle an interest in pick-your-own vegetables
have resulted in several such enterprises through-
out the State. National trends and ideas adapt-
able to Florida have been stressed to promote a
better understanding of conditions necessary for
successful operation. Pick-your-own, roadside
markets and specialty crops provide opportuni-
ties for small growers or limited resource units
to supplement or create an income source.
A major extension program was the encourage-
ment and assistance given to Florida families to
grow vegetables for home consumption. Program
effort, included garden grower meetings, agent
training sessions, supply dealer meetings, garden
demonstrations, radio, television, newsletter mes-
sages, letter-answering service and gardening
publications. Special emphasis was placed on gar-
den plots located in low-income communities.
Development of DBCP soil injection, a new con-
cept for nematode on turfgrasses in Florida was
a highlight of extension nematology activities.
Publications, meetings and demonstrations were
used to educate turfgrass growers on the use of
the new nematode control methods. Soil injection
has been widely accepted by the golf industry and
has greatly improved the quality of golf course
turf. A total of 2,904 soil samples from home-
owners were analyzed for nematodes.
Plant Pathologists are continuing efforts to de-
termine the cause and develop controls for Lethal
Yellowing of Coconut Palms. Located in the Mi-
ami area and the Keys, the palms add signifi-
cantly to the landscaping of many communities.
Extension Plant Pathologists are cooperating
with the Division of Plant Industry of the Florida
Department of Agriculture in developing control
Extension Animal Scientists started a central
bull test in 1972. Bulls will be fed and managed
so that genetic differences in ability to grow and
gain will be demonstrated. The central bull test
will provide an opportunity for small breeders
who cannot afford the investment in facilities re-
quired for "on-the-farm-test" to obtain post wean
performance data on their bulls. The auction sale
also will provide them another means of market-
ing their bulls.
Tabulation of VEE vaccination forms revealed
31,473 horse owners, more than 90 percent have
less than 10 horses and some 60 percent have two
or fewer horses. Because of the dispersion of
horses and the recent entrance of new owners.
priority was placed on novice horse owners with
a small number of horses. In an effort to serve
this group, the Extension Service provided a
series of 16 short courses and clinics. The clinics,
attended by 3,300 owners from throughout the
State, provided information on feeding, selection,
reproduction, disease control, and handling and
Nearly $100 million are lost each year in Flor-
ida as a result of animal diseases. To aid the
State and local communities in developing re-
sources to reduce these losses, a veterinary col-
lege in Florida has been proposed. Some com-
munities were given assistance in locating and
attracting veterinarians to practice. Educational
efforts were directed toward more effective utili-
zation of State animal disease diagnostic labora-
tories and other resources for solving animal
The Extension Agricultural Engineering staff
gave special attention to the Occupational Safety
and Health Act of 1970. County Extension per-
sonnel were informed and apprised of the new
law and its effects on Florida agriculture. A
quarterly Extension Agricultural Safety News-
letter was initiated to disseminate timely safety
One of the most popular services available to
citizens of Florida is the Florida Plan Service.
Through this service plans for all types of agri-
cultural service buildings and rural homes may
be obtained without charge. A catalog of all plans
is maintained in each county extension office. In
1972, approximately 8,200 plans for farm service
buildings and facilities and over 15,000 house
plans were requested.
The Extension Forestry thrust has been toward
providing much needed outdoor recreation space
and facilities in small communities and rural
areas. Intensive and technical park site planning
demonstrations have been held in widely scat-
tered parts of Florida. Public use of Florida's
private forest lands is receiving renewed interest.
Commercial family campgrounds represent a
third facet of rural development. The most
unique accomplishment has been the design of a
demonstration nature interpretive scheme for a
Glades County commercial "wilderness" camp-
ground. The completed program will no doubt be
copied by many commercial campgrounds in their
efforts to build a resource image and marketing
strategy compatible with much of today's push
back to nature.
Safeguarding environmental quality through
control of possible pollutants such as pesticides
and thatch is receiving major emphasis in the
extension turf program. Efforts currently include
the use of activated charcoal to deactivate poten-
tially troublesome pesticides and evaluation of a
new method of control for thatch. This approach
will enable the use of natural factors in accelerat-
ing thatch decomposition and subsequent recy-
cling into active plant growth.
A change from the traditional use of open-
culture to full-bed mulch cover for vegetables
necessitated development of new production rec-
ommendations. Essentially, the crop must be
supplied with all soil environmental requirements
before the mulch is placed over the bed. Full-bed
mulch cover has several advantages, including
less leaching of fertilizer materials to surface or
ground water. Use of this method has been in-
creasing significantly at least 10,000 acres of
tomatoes, pepper, eggplant, and other vegetables
will be grown by full-bed mulch cover during the
current season. Extension will continue to place
strong emphasis on this and other programs
which are beneficial to the grower and in accord
with goals aimed at preservation of the environ-
Passage of the Environmental Pest Control
Act of 1972 involved considerable change in pest
control and pesticides. With added emphasis and
concern for environmental quality, the Extension
Chemicals Information Center continued to as-
semble and disseminate information on pesticide
residues, tolerances, labels and safe usage. Ten
issues of the "Chemically Speaking" newsletter
were distributed to more than 1,000 individuals,
agencies and organizations throughout Florida
and many other states. Proper applications, stor-
age and disposal of pesticides continued to be
important aspects of pest control programs.
Disease incidence in nurseries is being reduced
substantially through the practice of sanitation
- removal of diseased plants or plant parts. As
a result, less fungicidal sprays are needed for
satisfactory control. Extension Plant Patholo-
gists will continue to stress sanitation as a means
of disease control.
Florida's second Fertilizer Conference, held in
May 1972 included topics on the Effect of Fer-
tilizers on Environmental Quality and the Occu-
pational Safety and Health Act of 1970.
Throughout the year cattlemen were advised
of the importance of following directions closely
when using feed additives or biologicals. They
were constantly advised to follow indicated with-
drawal periods and not to market any cattle until
the pre-slaughter time had expired.
Open dating of dairy products in Florida is now
a reality. Evaluation of Florida dairy products
and methods to improve their quality is a
continuous project. Evaluation of products is
achieved by holding quality clinics with regional
daily associations and evaluation of products at
the University. To assure high quality raw milk,
several dairy schools have been held to instruct
dairymen on proper sanitation and cooling pro-
With the increasing size of commercial poultry
farms and hatcheries in Florida, it has become
imperative that increased emphasis be placed on
proper dead bird and hatchery residue disposal.
During 1972, the Extension Poultry staff gave
leadership to a statewide educational program in
this important area of poultry management.
Florida poultry producers have been made aware
of the potential dangers of improper disposal by
spread of diseases and environmental pollution
and have been educated in their legal responsi-
abilities for dead bird and hatchery residue dis-
posal. Substantial progress has been made in
implementing proper disposal methods.
Environmental quality and public health were
included in educational programs conducted by
the Veterinary Science Extension staff. Improved
sanitation, proper disposal of animal waste and
dead animals, and proper use of drugs in controll-
ing animal diseases serve to minimize pollution
and protect the safety and quality of the food
supply. Attention was given to diseases such as
rabies, brucellosis, leptospirosis, sleeping sick-
ness, salmonellosis, and other diseases that are
potential human health hazards. Dissemination
of information and support of public health pro-
grams by the Extension Service is vital to the
citizens of Florida.
Agricultural Engineering programs in environ-
mental quality include the major areas of: (1)
animal waste management; (2) landspreading of
municipal sewage wastes; and (3) informational
releases to the general public regarding agricul-
ture's role in protecting the environment. In all
programs, liaison is maintained with the Florida
Department of Pollution Control to assure that
Extension efforts promote practices approved by
The consumer needs factual information on the
safety problems of the food supply. Basic safe-
guards of our food supply were outlined by the
Extension Food Technologist in a series of talks
to consumer groups and radio programs. Also, a
program to provide nutritional information to
consumers and processors was conducted as well
as a special four-day training program on nutri-
tion for 75 food industry personnel.
Although outdoor recreation oriented projects
are all directly related to goals of providing a
quality environment, there has been a category
of effort within the broadly conceived heading.
Particular stress in long-range planning is being
placed upon benefits and techniques of open space
and concepts of integrated landscapes at the
rural-urban interface. A preservation planning
project is to be initiated in Washington County.
In addition, a symposium on planning and zoning
for Florida's Professional Foresters will add
another dimension to this program thrust.
CENTER FOR COMMUNITY AND
Major activities of the Center for Community
and Rural Development during 1972 included
work with Florida A & M University, the town
of Micanopy, the Glades County Commission and
preparation of visual aids on rural problems.
Work with Extension personnel at Florida
- ~r ~
ANIMAL WASTE LAGOON
A & M University included activities in three
areas small farmer income improvement edu-
cational materials, youth development (and 4-H
program) educational materials, and community
development through public service programs of
state agencies. Additional work with Florida
A & M has been carried out to facilitate rural
development research. One major project en-
titled "Information Consumption by the Client
System As a Strategy to Reduce the Impact of
Rural Poverty" has been funded and is currently
underway by FAMU research faculty. This proj-
ect will provide information for Extension pro-
grams enhancing income and employment oppor-
tunities for small farmers and for the community
development educational program.
The Center served to provide the town of Mic-
anopy with University of Florida resources in
meeting some of their problems. Through the
Center arrangements were made to provide
consulting services of a faculty member in the
Department of Accounting to the Micanopy Town
Council. Assistance was given in setting up a
municipal accounting system. Also, services of
faculty members in the Departments of Political
Science and Government have been channeled
through the Center to aid in the restructuring of
the Town Charter.
The Center also served to provide consulting
services to the Glades County Commission on
development of land use planning and zoning ordi-
nances. Through the Center, a consulting firm
entered into a contract to provide a study for
land use, water supplies and drainage, major
transportation -routes and public utilities for
Glades County. From this study the consulting
firm will draft the county's planning and zoning
ordinances for implementation. Personnel of the
'Center currently provide, and will continue to
provide, educational materials to the Planning
Board of Glades County in carrying out this plan-
Personnel of the Center have initiated a project
to develop visual slides and a narrative presents
tion on rural area problems, needs and opportu
nities in Florida. A series of slides are bein,
developed to depict the University's, IFAS's an
the Center's activities in rural development. Thes
materials will be made available to rural develop
ment Extension personnel in the State and othe
interested individuals and groups.
EXTENSION HOME ECONOMICS
Home Economics is concerned with helping
individuals and families to have a "better life."
To meet this goal a network of educational pro-
grams were conducted throughout the state under
the leadership of Extension Home Economics
Agents. Current problems of everyday living
were treated with practical information on select-
ed subjects such as money management, legal
protections, new consumer legislation and law in
Attention was focused on extending family in-
comes through the development of skills in cloth-
ing construction, reupholstering and home window
treatment. Also more complete utilization of Flor-
ida agricultural products was encouraged through
emphasis on their selection, preservation and use.
In the area of human development home econ-
omists worked with parents to help them under-
stand the needs of themselves and their children.
Work simplification through the teaching of
housekeeping skills filled a great need. Also such
subjects as what to do about bugs were treated
to up-grade health and home sanitation and all
efforts were directed toward making the "better
life" a reality for more people.
Reaching New Audiences
Traditionally Extension Home Economics has
presented educational information through reg-
ularly scheduled programs, special interest meet-
ings, workshops, fair exhibits, and mass media.
But in 1972 greater emphasis was given to
"spreading out" and trying new ways of reaching
people. If they couldn't come to us then an effort
was made to carry educational programs to them.
In all Extension Home Economics reached 485,545
people in Florida in 1972.
By the end of 1972 a "Consumers Ask" column
was being carried in 12 newspapers. Two of these
newspapers were intended primarily for Negro
subscribers and one was Spanish. The potential
audience was 272,750 persons.
In an effort to reach larger audiences, espe-
cially people who do not ordinarily attend public
group meetings, the following account is an ex-
ample of the kinds of educational programs con-
ducted throughout the year in many counties in
Citrus county provided the County Judge's of-
fice with a kit of educational materials on various
homemaking topics for applicants of marriage
licenses. Lee county went to a senior citizens
mobile home park. Broward county conducted
monthly leader training covering many home-
making topics for all existing organizations.
Gadsden county scheduled meetings at commu-
I'olk county hell) workshops for in-and-out
patients for Community Mental Health. Alachua
and Hillsborough counties conducted programs
in retirement housing centers. Brevard and Du-
val counties offered "stay-at-home" correspon-
dence courses. Orange county trained volunteer
leaders to teach both adults and non 4-H youth.
Dade county went to isolated homes or rooming
houses to assist the elderly with family living
problems in five target areas.
Leon and Volusia counties went to the super-
market to talk to shoppers about nutrition, better
buymanship, unit pricing, using Florida vege-
tables, and to inform them that Extension is a
free educational service. Approximately 90 per-
cent of the people had never heard about Exten-
sion. This proved a good way to meet all types
and ages of people.
Agents in Manatee, Lake and Escambia coun-
ties capsuled information for the working woman
and met at times convenient for them-down-
town during the noon hour, on an afternoon off,
or in the evening at the factory.
Highly motivated new home owners in a Brad-
ford County housing development received edu-
cational support from Extension personnel. Work-
ing hard many men and women succeeded in
learning the necessary skills which enabled them
to reupholster their own furniture in harmony
with houses they could call their own. One man
has subsequently begun a small reupholstry busi-
By May 1972 all Florida counties were par-
ticipating in the USDA's food stamp program.
Therefore Extension Home Economists and Home
Economist Paraprofessional Aides adapted their
teaching emphasis from food preparation using
commodity foods to the managerial concepts re-
lated to obtaining and utilizing food stamps.
Federal agencies work together to optimize
benefits which low income families may obtain
from related programs. The food stamp program
is complemented by Extension Home Economics
educational efforts to teach and help families with
limited incomes to:
(1) establish their eligibility for and receive
food stamps, (2) develop good shopping tech-
niques and make their food stamps last until the
next allotment, (3) learn to buy a variety of nu-
tritious food with their increased food buying
power. With a learn-by-doing attitude, their
teaching methods have varied from special meet-
ings with the food stamp officers to field trips to
Extension paraprofessionals are trained by
supervising Expanded Nutrition Program Agents
in the most effective methods of teaching sound
nutrition and wise use of food stamps.
A homemaker with a limited income is excited
by her first trip to a modern supermarket. She
was accompanied by the ENP paraprofessional
who helped her select wise food purchases with
Your Home Economist Aide says: Food Stamps
are here! Shop smart.
1. Don't spend all your stamps at once. Make
sure there are some food stamps left for the last
week of the month.
2. Watch for sales in the paper and store. Shop
for specials to get the most for your money.
3. Make a list of the food you need to buy-so
you don't buy food you don't need.
The above is the "front" page headline of a
four-page leaflet entitled "Mother's Helper." It
was prepared by the Broward county Extension
Home Economics Aides to use as a lesson hand-
out at the county food stamp center.
An Agent for Gadsden county explained, "This
work has changed the buying habits of many
families-from that of daily credit shopping in
small community stores to planned cash weekly
or biweekly food shopping. Family members ex-
hibit better health, and as one homemaker in
Orange County said, "I remember all those things
you taught me to buy, meats, vegetables, fruits,
breads, cereals, and milk."
Many eligible families would not know about
the food stamp program without the outreach
efforts through Extension Home Economics pro-
grams. One ENP Aide in Walton county de-
scribed this family. "They were desperate for
food. I noticed that the year old child had picked
up cookies off the floor and was eating them. The
22-year old husband was without work and the
wife was 5 months pregnant.
"She told me they only had 40 cents and that
her husband had only made nine dollars the pre-
vious week. I told them about the food stamp
program. The next day they got $46.00 worth of
food stamps for $5.00 Another agency gave the
$5.00 to pay for the food stamps."
Another Aide told how she helped a 60-year
old homemaker. "Until she got food stamps
things were real bad. We planned menus and
made a grocery list, giving her a variety of foods
for the whole month. She said she couldn't be-
lieve she would have that much to eat as she had
never had that much in her life. She had been
hungry for so many years."
Aides in Alachua county made this report about
some of their ENP homemakers. Most of those
enrolled are eligible for food stamps, but there
were many who needed help before they could
obtain them. One lady commented that "I found
that getting food stamps was pretty simple to do
after you folks talked to us and told us how."
Many did not know they were eligible because
they were not on welfare, and thought this was
Efforts in Madison county were well rewarded
by the progress of this homemaker. "She budgets
food stamps to last until time to buy them again.
The information on nutrition, new ideas and reci-
pes for preparing food that her family enjoys
had been a big help to her. She said she might
never had the courage to apply for donated food
or food stamps without the encouragement
brought by the ENP Aide. I hope you can come
for a long time," she concluded.
Food stamps enable low income families to ex-
tend their food purchasing power and Extension
Home Economics provides the educational oppor-
tunities for maximizing family resources.
Expanded Nutrition Program Paraprofession-
als counsel with homemakers on how to obtain
food stamps and in the management of their food
budget in order to make a positive impact on the
fllnnfll R POi
The aim of 4-H is to provide educational oppor-
tunities for Florida's youth, 8 to 19 years of age,
to grow in leadership, citizenship, and personal
development. Extension 4-H education is designed
to provide young people with learning experiences
that will assist them in gaining knowledge and
developing skills and attitudes for more effective
citizenship in a democratic society.
Youth development through 4-H is committed
to the task of helping youth to satisfy their basic
needs to belong, feel important, and be recognized.
The Florida 4-H Program encourages some
21,000 young people in their four-fold develop-
ment of head, heart, hands, and health in more
than 1,000 organized 4-H clubs and special inter-
est groups throughout the state. Extension
Agents, working through trained volunteer lead-
ers (adult, teen and junior), provide professional
leadership and educational resources to the pro-
These 4-H members had "learn by doing" ex-
periences in family living, personal development,
leisure education and recreation, conservation,
agricultural production, science and marketing,
engineering, and management.
Specifically, subject matter offerings in more
than 50 different projects and activities ranging
from animal science to wildlife conservation and
food and nutrition to arts, crafts and music at-
tracted a total enrollment of 49,826.
To evaluate the effectiveness of youth educa-
tion programs, it is essential to show evidence of
desirable behavioral changes in the youth in-
The direct quotes of the youth best verify their
changes in knowledge, skills and attitudes. In ac-
cepting the resolution proclaiming National 4-H
Week in Florida from the Governor and Florida
Cabinet at the Capitol, Janice Nemeth, Levy
County, Chaplain of the Florida 4-H Council,
"I am very proud to be a member of the Florida
4-H Program, because 4-H gives us an oppor-
tunity for personal development-to grow and
develop as an individual, to develop leadership
skills and to become an effective citizen. Our
motto is 'To make the Best Better'-to accept
a challenge, be a competitor, and learn how our
free enterprise system works."
Inter-city youth participating in the Dade
County 4-H Expanded Nutrition Program cited
"My mother has put the chart of the four
food- groups on the wall. When we sit down to
eat, she asks which groups we are eating."
"I used to drink two cups of coffee every
morning-now, I drink milk instead."
4-H REPORT TO STATE
The following comments by 4-H members, a
volunteer leader, and an Extension Agent attend-
ing the 4-H Conservation Camp, further explain
the behavioral changes provided by 4-H learning
Members-"I have learned how the balance of
nature works, and how I can help this balance
keep going the right way."
Volunteer-"Teens are interested in conserva-
tion and ecology when the adult leadership
has proper educational background, enthusi-
asm, and interest. ".
Extension Agent-". Youth can become en-
thusiastic and involved in subjects related to
pollution, conservation, and the quality of
Future Program Emphasis
The 4-H Department will give priority consid-
eration to the following ways and means of ex-
panding a balanced youth program during-1973:
1. Strengthening 4-H citizenship education pro-
2. Stimulating personal growth and develop-
ment (self worth, personal identity, positive per-
sonal goals, inter-personal relationships).
3. Developing activities focusing on career ex-
ploration and training.
4. Acquiring, training, and utilizing volunteers
in all phases of 4-H.
5. Involving individuals and groups effectively
in 4-H program development (council, junior and
teen leaders, adult leaders, advisory committees,
special interest members).
6. Involving youth in community development.
7. Using mass media and innovative instruc-
8. Promoting the understanding of the relation-
ship of man to his environment.
9. Providing basic information on food, nutri-
tion, and health.
State Trust Funds:
Total Cooperative Extension Funds
State Trust Funds:
Total Cooperative Extension Funds
Florida Cooperative Extension Service
Planned and Expended Time by Program Area
Fiscal Year 1972
1 Citrus and Other Fruits
2 Vegetable Crops
3 Field Crops
4 Forage, Range and
5 Forest and Forest
6 Ornamental Plants
12 Bees and Their Products
13 Other Animals
14 Marine and Aquatic Prod.
15 Supp. Disc. Act.
21 Pollution Abatement
22 Wildlife and Fish
24 Environmental Esthetics
25 Supp. Disc. Act. (Nat.
and Renewable Res.)
31 Family Stability
32 Consumer Competence
33 Family Health
34 Expanded Nutrition
35 Family Housing
36 Community and Regional
37 Manpower and
38 Supp. Disc. Act. (Human
Res. and Qual. of Life)
41 Extension Support and
52 International Programs
Mandys % of Total
Mandys %/ of Total
*Only 77 percent of total available time was planned. Both planned time and expended time
an eight-hour day.
are based on
SUMMARY OF EXTENSION HOME ECONOMICS PROGRAM
Major Audience Types for which Home Economics Programs are Designed:
Families with Pre-school Children
Extension Homemaker Club Members
Residents of Low-income Housing
Paraprofessional Expanded Nutrition Program Aides
Major Subjects Taught by Extension Home Economists:
Food Stamp Program
Food Preparation and Service
Human and Personal Development
Areas Reached by Expanded Nutrition Program:
Counties Adult Programs
Indian Reservations Adult Programs
Counties Youth Programs
Extension Program Aides
Number of organized Extension Homemaker Clubs
Number of Extension Homemaker Club Members
Number of Individuals reached by leaders in Homemaker Clubs
and Special Interest Meetings
Number of Home Economics Subject Matter Leaders
SUMMARY OF 4-H YOUTH WORK
Number of Organized 4-H Clubs 951
Number of 4-H Special Interest Groups
and other 4-H Units 156
Number of 4-H Members:
4-H junior and teen boys 161
4-H junior and teen girls 527
4-H Members by Place of Residence:
Towns under 10,000 and open country 9,500
Towns and cities 10,000 to 50,000 4,522
Suburbs of city of over 50,000 1,816
Central city of over 50,000 1,184
4-H Members by Age Groups
Under 9 190 15 years of age 1,328
9 years of age 2,565 16 years of age 894
10 years of age 2,980 17 years of age 549
11 years of age 3,531 18 years of age 309
12 years of age 3,381 19 years of age 73
13 years of age 2,806 Over 19 15
14 years of age 2,296
Major Audience Types and Number of Persons Reached for 4-H Youth Work:
Youth (4-H) 163,276
Youth (4-H TV) 949
Youth/Adult (4-H) 135,519
Youth (Other) 32,322
Youth/Adult (Other) 109,066
Expanded Nutrition Program Youth Phase
Six counties with youth program 279
All Expanded Nutrition Program units in state 326
Total Number Youth Enrolled in Nutrition Groups:
Six counties with youth program 4,597
All Expanded Nutrition Program units in state 6,367
COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE FACULTY LIST*
Joe N. Busby, Ph.D., Dean for Extension
Jack T. McCowen, Ed.D., Associate Dean for Extension
James E. Ross, Ph.D., Assistant Dean, Agricultural Programs
Olive L. Morrill, Ed.D., Assistant Dean, Chairman Home Economics
Forrest E. Myers, M.Ag., Assistant to the Dean
B. B. Archer, Ph.D., Assistant Dean FAMU Programs, Florida A & M University, Tallahassee
Alto A. Straughn, Ph.D., Director, Program Evaluation and Organizational Development
Miss Pauline Calloway, Ph.D., Program Specialist
Miss Emily E. King, Ph.D., Program Specialist
Donald Y. Aska, B.S., Assistant in Agriculture (Marine Advisory Program)
W. Travis Loften, M.S.A., Chairman, Agricultural and Extension Education Department
John H. Nininger, Jr., B.S., Administrative Assistant
David R. Bryant, Jr., B.A., Administrative Assistant
M. Hervey Sharpe, Ph.D., Communication Specialist & Chairman, Editorial Department
Kay B. Meurlott, M.A.J., Assistant Communication Specialist
Douglas L. Buck, M.Ag., Assistant Communication Specialist
Roberts C. Smith, Jr., B.A., Assistant Communication Specialist
Donald W. Poucher, M.A., Assistant Communication Specialist
Miss Alma Warren, M.S., Assistant Communication Specialist
D. L. Brooke, Ph.D., Acting Chairman, Food and Resource Economics Department
John Holt, Ph.D., Assistant Economist, Farm Management
Charles L. Anderson, M.S.A., Area Assistant Farm Management Specialist (Lake Alfred)
Charles Walker, M.S., Area Assistant Farm Management Specialist (Belle Glade)
Ralph A. Eastwood, Ph.D., Economist, Marketing
Stanley E. Rosenberger, Ph.D., Marketing Specialist, Vegetable Crops
Kenneth M. Gilbraith, M.S.A., Vegetable Marketing Specialist
Charles D. Covey, Ph.D., Associate Economist, Marketing
Wm. K. Mathis, Jr., Ph.D., Assistant Economist, Marketing
Marvin E. Konyha, Ph.D., Assistant Agricultural Economist
George R. Perkins, Ph.D., Assistant Agricultural Economist
Clisby C. Moxley, Ph.D., Economist
Donald E. Long, M.S., Assistant Agricultural Economist
Vernon C. McKee, Ph.D., Director of Planning and Business Affairs
Virgil L. Elkins, M.S., Area Program Specialist, Florida A & M University, Tallahassee
James C. McCall, M.S., Rural Area Development Specialist (Marianna)
James A. Brown, M.S., Rural Area Development Specialist (Live Oak)
Louis A. Murray, M.S., Rural Area Development Specialist, Florida A & M, Tallahassee
E. T. Smerdon, Ph.D., Chairman, Agricultural Engineering Department
Thomas C. Skinner, M.Ag., Agricultural Engineer
Dalton S. Harrison, M.S., Agricultural Engineer
A. M. Pettis, M.S.A., Associate Agricultural Engineer
Richard P. Cromwell, M.Eng., Assistant Agricultural Engineer
Lloyd B. Baldwin, M.A., Assistant Agricultural Engineer
D. E. McCloud, Ph.D., Chairman, Agronomy Department
David W. Jones, M.S.A., Agronomist
Wayne L. Currey, Ph.D., Assistant Agronomist
Elmo B. Whitty, Ph.D., Associate Agronomist
James T. Johnson, Ph.D., Assistant Agronomist
Charles E. Freeman, M.S., Resident Instructor in Agronomy (Belle Glade)
James W. Strobel, Ph.D., Chairman, Ornamental Horticulture Department
Edgar W. McElwee, Ph.D., Ornamental Horticulturist
Harry G. Meyers, M.S.A., Assistant Ornamental Horticulturist
Graham S. Smith, Ph.D., Assistant Ornamental Horticulturist
Dennis B. McConnell, Ph.D., Assistant Ornamental Horticulturist (Apopka)
Willard T. Witte, Ph.D., Assistant Ornamental Horticulturist
L. H. Purdy, Ph.D., Chairman, Plant Pathology Department
Robert S. Mullin, Ph.D., Plant Pathologist
Thomas A. Kucharek, Ph.D., Assistant Plant Pathologist
Robert H. Harms, Ph.D., Chairman, Poultry Science Department
Carroll R. Douglas, Ph.D., Assistant Extension Poultryman
Lester W. Kalch, M.Ag., Associate Extension Poultryman
R. Bruce Christmas, Ph.D., Assistant Extension Poultryman and Supervisor, National Egg Laying Test (Chipley)
C. F. Eno, Ph.D., Chairman, Soils Department
James NeSmith, Ph.D., Soils Specialist
John H. Herbert, Jr., M.S.A., Extension Conservationist
J. F. Kelly, Ph.D., Chairman, Vegetable Crops Department
James Montelaro, Ph.D., Vegetable Crops Specialist
James Stephens, M.S.A., Assistant Vegetable Crops Specialist
James R. Hicks, Ph.D., Assistant Vegetable Crops Specialist
Stephen R. Kostewicz, Assistant Vegetable Crops Specialist
*List of faculty as of 4/1/73.
C. E. Cornelius, Ph.D., Chairman, Veterinary Science Department
George W. Meyerholz, D.V.M., Extension Veterinarian
Mrs. Roberta H. Hall, M.S., Extension Home Furnishings Specialist
Mrs. Marie S. Hammer, M.S., Extension Home Economist, (E.N.P.I
Mrs. Beth Walsh, M.S., Extension Food Specialist
Miss Vervil L. Mitchell, M.S., Home Management & Family Economics Specialist
Mrs. Charla J. Durham, M.S., Home Management & Family Economics Specialist
Miss Elizabeth E. Mumm, M.P.H., Health Education Specialist
Mrs. Mary N. Harrison, M.S., Consumer Education Specialist
Mrs. Lizette L. Murphy, M.S., Consumer Education Specialist
Miss Glenda L. Warren, M.S., Food and Nutrition Specialist (E.N.P.)
Mrs. Yancey Waiters, M.H.E., Extension Home Economics Program Development
Miss Sandra A. Claybrook, M.S., Extension Home Economist (E.N.P.)
Miss Evelyn A. Rooks, M.H.E., Human Development Specialist
Miss Lora A. Kiser, M.S., Extension Home Economist, Professional Development
Miss Nadine Hackler, M.S., Clothing Specialist
Mrs. Faye T. Plowman, M.A., Housing Specialist
Tony J. Cunha, Ph.D., Chairman, Animal Science Department
James E. Pace, M.S.A., Animal Husbandman
Robert L. Reddish, Ph.D., Extension Meats Specialist
Kenneth L. Durrance, M.A., Associate Animal Husbandman
Bill G. Jackson, Ph.D., Assistant Animal Husbandman
Robert S. Sand, Ph.D., Assistant Animal Husbandman
Harold H. VanHorn, Jr., Ph.D., Chairman, Dairy Science Department
Ronald L. Richter, Ph.D., Assistant Dairy Technologist
Barney Harris, Jr., Ph.D., Associate Dairy Nutritionist
Daniel W. Webb, Ph.D., Assistant Extension Dairy Husbandman
W. G. Eden, Ph.D., Chairman, Entomology and Nematology Department
James E. Brogdon, M.Ag., Entomologist
John R. Strayer, M.Ag., Associate Entomologist
Donald W. Dickson, Ph.D., Assistant Nematologist
Donald E. Short, Ph.D., Assistant Entomologist
Freddie A. Johnson, M.S., Assistant Entomologist
R. A. Dennison, Ph.D., Chairman, Food Science Department
Richard F. Matthews, Ph.D., Associate Food Technologist
John L. Gray, Ph.D., Director, School of Forest Resources and Conservation
Thomas G. Herndon, M.S.F., Extension Forester
Anthony S. Jensen, M.S.F., Assistant Extension Forester
Dennis R. Crowe, Ph.D., Assistant Extension Forester
Alfred H. Krezdorn, Ph.D., Chairman, Fruit Crops Department
Fred P. Lawrence, M.S., Citriculturist
Calvin E. Arnold, Ph.D., Assistant Horticulturist
Larry K. Jackson, Ph.D., Assistant Horticulturist
Timothy E. Crocker, Ph.D., Extension Specialist
David P.H. Tucker, Ph.D., Assistant Horticulturist (Lake Alfred)
Wilfred E. Wardowski, l, Ph.D., Assistant Horticulturist (Lake Alfred)
Jar~es J. Brasher, Ph.D., Assistant Dean, Chairman, 4-H & Other Youth Programs
Grant M. Godwin, M.Ag., Associate State 4-H Club Agent
Billy J. Allen, M.A., Associate State 4-H Club Agent
Thomas C. Greenawalt, M.A., Assistant State 4-H Club Agent
Miss Ruth L. Milton, M.S., Associate State 4-H Club Agent
Mrs. Gwendoline Angalet, M.S., Assistant State 4-H Club Agent
Miss Linda L. Dearmin, M.S., Assistant State 4-H Club Agent
Damon Miller, M.S., Assistant State 4-H Youth Development Specialist Florida A&M, Tallahassee
Frank S. Perry, M.Ag., District Agent
Ernest R. Wheaton, Ed.D., District Agent
William H. Smith, Ed.D., District Agent
Earl M. Kelly, M.Ag., District Agent
Wilburn C. Farrell, M.Ag.
A. T. Andrews, M.Ag.
John E. Moser, B.S.A.
Mrs. Mable C. Dorsey, B.S.
A. Luther Harrell, M.A.
Mrs. Roberta C. Hicks, B.S.
Horace M. Carr, B.S.
Mrs. Eliza M. Jackson, B.S.
Mrs. Karen Olson, M.S.
Bobby L. Taylor, M.Ag.
Miss Kathleen Brown, M.A.
J. L. Loadholtz, M.S.
Sylvester A. Rose, M.S.
Mrs. Sue B. Young, B.S.
Mrs. Aurilla D. Birrel, B.S.
Mrs. Joy Wren Satcher, B.S.
A. Brooks Humphrys, M.A.
Lewis E. Watson, M.S.
James F. Cummings, M.Ag.
Mrs. Dorothy Y. Gifford, B.S.
Mrs. Sandra T. Alphonse, B.S.
Mrs. Virginia L. Gray, M.S.
Mrs. Karen B. McNeil, B.A.
Jerry A. Wyrick, M.S.A.
James R. Yelvington, M.Ag.
Miss Linda D. Bamberg, B.S.
W. Lester Hatcher, B.S.A.
Quentin Medlin, B.S.A.
Mrs. Paula P. Stanley, B.S.
T. Jesse Godbold, B.S.E.
Mrs. Ann V. Prevatt, B.A.
Mrs. Emily G. Harper, B.S.
Donald W. Lander, M.Ag.
James E. Bellizio, M.S.
Dallas B. Townsend, B.S.A.
Neal M. Dukes, B.S.
Richard H. Smith, M.S.
Mrs. Mary E. Anderson, B.S.
Miss Deborah A. Mulvihill, B.S.
DADE COUNTY HAMILTON COUNTY
John D. Campbell, B.S.A.
Roy J. Champagne, M.S.
Louis J. Doigle, M.Ag.
Ralph W. Moore, B.S.
Joseph D. Dalton, Ph.D.
Nolan L. Durre, M.S.
Seymour Goldweber, B.S.
Richard M. Hunt, B.S.A.
Mrs. Runette Davis, M.A.
Mrs. Justine L. Bizette, B.S.
Miss Mary Alyce Holmes, M.S.
Miss Victoria M. Simpson, B.S.
Miss Dorothy A. Towers, B.S.H.E.
Mrs. Elizabeth D. Clark, B.S.H.E.
Mrs. Grace R. Hauser, B.S.
Mrs. Judy M. Dellapa, B.S.
Miss Alice Blair, B.S.
Mrs. Rosemary Pisaris, M.Ed.
Kenneth M. Sanders, M.S.
Mrs. Mary Ann Roe, B.S.
Thomas R. Burton, Jr., M.Ag.
James N. Watson, B.S.A.
Edward Allen, M.S.A.
Thomas H. Braddock, Jr., M.S.A.
Robert C. Linstrom, M.S.
Harold C. Jones, M.A.
Mrs. Bessie J. Canty, M.S.
Mrs. Sarah M. Board, B.S.
Ernest L. Stephens, M.S.
Miss Tamer L. Britton, M.Ed.
Miss Carol A. Lotz, B.S.
E. J. Cowen, B.S.A.
James H. Walker, .M.S.A.
Daniel E. Mullins, M.S.
Mrs. Edwena J. Robertson, B.S.
Miss Mary Jane Home, B.S.
Marvin F. Weaver, M.S.
Miss Linda Kay West, M.S.
George H. Newbury, M.S.A.
James B. Estes, M.A.
John C. Russell, M.Ag.
Bernard H. Clark, B.S.A.
Mrs. Marjorie B. Gregory, B.S.
Mrs. Dicki D. Bentley, B.S.
Mrs. Ursula H. Williams, B.S.
Arthur D. Alston, M.Ag.
B. O. Bass, M.S.A.
Cubie R. Laird, M.Ed.
Rance A. Andrews, B.S.A.
Isaac Chandler, Jr., B.S.
Mrs. Wylma B. White, M.S.
Jack C. Hayman, M.A.
Mrs. Nannie M. Cochran, B.S.
Raymond H. Burgess, M.S.A.
Clayton E. Hutcheson, M.S.A.
Mrs. Rosemary A. Hunter, M.S.
Albert D. Dawson, B.S.A.
Bert J. Harris, Jr., B.S.A.
George T. Hurner, Jr., B.S.A.
Mrs. Jo Marilynn Townsend, B.S.
Jean Beem, M.S.A.
Paul E. Glasscock, B.S.A.
James E. Richards, M.S.A.
R. Donald Downs, B.S.A.
Wayne T. Wade, M.Ed.
Mrs. Mamie G. Bassett, B.S.
Miss Charlene Hampton, B.S.
Mrs. Helen P. Webb, B.S.
Mrs. Virginia H. Coombs, B.S.
Mrs. Ruth T. Penner, B.S.
Charles F. Hinton, III, Ph.D.
Roger D. Newton, M.S.
Mrs. Johnnie Johnson, B.S.
Lawrence D. Taylor, M.S.
Mrs. Mary J. Castello, B.S.
Forrest N. McCullars, B.S.
Jack W. Bass, M.Ag.
Miss Vicki L. Spence, B.A.
Woodrow W. Glenn, M.S.
William E. Collins, B.S.A.
Mrs. Jane R. Burgess, B.S.H.E.
Miss.Marilyn A. McBride, B.S.
Albert H. Odom, M.S.
Mrs. Karen D. Richardson, B.S.
Mrs. Dona A. Ingle, M.S.
James B. Morris, III, M.S.
Jackson A. Haddox, M.Ag.
John L. Jackson, M.Ag.
Mrs. Marian Valentine, B.S.
Dan E. Spears, B.S.
Miss Doris L. Milligan, M.S.
Mrs. Alice B. Ayers, M.S.
Robert G. Curtis, B.S.A.
Mrs. Dorothy J. Classon, B.S.
.Malcolm M. Guidry, M.S.
Miss Charlotte A. Wise, B.A.
Michael E. Demaree, M.S.A.
Mrs. Martha M. Walker, B.S.
Mrs. Ann W. Parramore, B.S.H.E.
Harry Paulk, M.Ag.
George C. Henry, M.Ed.
Lawrence Heitmeyer, M.S.
Mrs. Jane M. Brodie, B.S.
Leonard C. Cobb, M.Ag.
William R. Womble, B.S.A.
Mrs. Sharon Stonerock, B.S.
W. David Osborn, M.S.
O. R. Hamrick, Jr., M.A.
James C. Miller, B.S.
Mrs. Mae M. Anderson, B.S.
Miss Deloris M. Jones, B.S.
Rollin H. McNutt, M.S.A.
Robert T. Montgomery, B.S.A.
James V. Knight, M.A.
Miss Susan E. Davis, B.S.
Miss Mary Glee Watson, M.S.
Edsel W. Rowan, B.S.
Patrick R. Hamilton, B.S.
William J. Phillips, Jr., M.S.
.Mrs. Sarah K. Thomas, B.S.
Miss Barbara Ann Cooper, B.S.
Robert B. Whitty, M.S.
Mrs. Martha B. Norton, M.S.
Phillip B. Moore, Ph.D.
Judson T. Fulmer, M.Ed.
Mrs. Sandra R. Jones, B.S.
Jack D. Patten, B.S.
Charles M. Walthall, M.S.
Mrs. Ann P. Jeter, B.S.
Mrs. Marilee M. Tankersley, B.S.
R. Kent Price, M.Ag.
Mrs. Ina Sue Medler, B.S.
Henry F. Swanson, M.S.A.
Bruce A. Barmby, M.S.
Oscar J. Hebert, Jr., M.S.
Mrs. Marjorie L. Williams, B.S.
Mrs. Mary A. Moore, M.A.T.
Mrs. Leala R. Collins, B.S.
Mrs. Linda W. Luman, B.S.
Thomas J. MacCubbin,.M.S.
Lester C. Floyd, B.S.
James B. Smith, B.S.A.
Mrs. Marilyn Tileston, B.S.H.E.
PALM BEACH COUNTY
Robert S. Pryor, B.S.
Frederick E. Boss, M.S.
DeArmand L. Hull, M.S.
Raleigh S. Griffis, M.Ag.
John H. Causey, B.S.A.
Mrs. Arlen C. Jones, B.S.
Mrs. Marylou Shirar, M.Ed.
Mrs. Jeanette S. Cardell, M.S.
Mrs. Ruth A. Holmes, B.S.
Mrs. Beverly B. Harrington, B.S.
Luther L. Rozar, Jr., M.Ag.
Miss Clara A. Smith, B.S.
,Mrs. Barmell B. Dixon, B.S.
J. Daniel Sumner, B.S.A.
Mrs. Teresa W. Macrae, B.S.
PINELLAS COUNTY ST. LUCIE COUNTY
Gilbert M. Whitton, Jr., M.Ag.
Charles E. Rowan, M.Ag.
Mrs. Dorothy E. Droves, B.S.
Miss Nancy B. Whigham, B.S.
Mrs. Virginia D. Gardner, B.S.
Richard E. Bir, M.S.
Mrs. Marilyn Lanctot, M.A.
Mrs. Billy Jo Stuart, B.S.
Robert M. Davis, M.Ag.
Thomas W. Oswalt, M.S.A.
Ortis E. Carmichael, M.S.
Mrs. Alice Kersey, M.S.
David M. Solger, M.Ag.
Sidney L. Sumner, M.S.A.
Ronald P. Muraro, M.S.
Mrs. Josephine Cameron, M.S.
Mrs. Becky E. Young, B.A.
Mrs. Ruth Ann Miller, B.S.
Ralph T. Clay, B.S.A.
Mrs. Essie H. Thompson, B.S.
Mrs. Rosa Lee Banks, B.S.
ST. JOHNS COUNTY
Paul L. Dinkins, M.Ag.
James D. Dilbeck, M.S.
Miss Nettle R. Brown, B.S.
Hugh C. Whelchel, B.S.
Mrs. Marguerite R. Brock, B.S.
Timothy P. Gover, B.S.
SANTA ROSA COUNTY
William C. Zorn, M.Ag.
Jack James Spears, M.Ag.
Miss Fern Nix, B.S.
Miss A. Vicki Kavalaskia, B.S.
Kenneth A. Clark, B.S.A.
Edwin S. Pastorius, B.S.A.
J. Lowell Parrish, M.S.
Miss Jeanette Meadows, M.S.
Frank J. Jasa, B.S.A.
David A. DeVoll, M.S.A.
Mrs. E. Louise Gill, B.S.H.E.
Donald A. George, B.S.A.
Richard L. Bradley, B.S.A.
Miss Dorothy Perkins, B.S.
James W. Bearden, B.S.A.
Henry E. Jowers, B.S.
Mrs. Janice R. McRee, B.S.H.E.
Mrs. Meredith C. Taylor, B.S.
Henry P. Davis, B.S.A.
Mrs. Ethel P. Thompson, B.S.
William J. Cowen, B.S.A.
T. Ralph Townsend,.M.S.
Larry L. Loadholtz, M.S.
Mrs. Diane E. Yates, B.S.
George A. Hindery, Ph.D.
Mrs. Betty Vernon, B.S.
Mrs. Frances L. Hawkins, B.S.
Bobby R. Durden, B.S.A.
Mrs. Marilyn J. Halusky, B.S.
J. Edsel Thomaston, M.Ag.
Mrs. Virginia C. Clark, B.S.
Johnnie E. Davis, M.Ag.
Lenzy M. Scott, M.A.
Miss Sue Elmore, M.S.
COOPERATIVE EXTENSION WORK IN AGRICULTURE AND HOME ECONOMICS
(Acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914)
Cooperative Extension Service, IFAS, University of Florida
and United States Department of Agriculture, Cooperating
Joe N. Busby, Dean
This report was published at a cost of $383.31 or 15.3 cents per copy, as a
summary of the development and achievement in the current programs of the
Florida Cooperative Extension Service.