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 Front Cover
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Letter of transmittal to governor...
 Credits
 Report of director
 Report of vice-director and county...
 Report of district agent, south...
 Report of district agent, west...
 Report of district agent, east...
 Report of boys' club agent
 Report of extension animal...
 Report of entomologist-plant...
 Report of poultry specialist
 Report of dairy specialist
 Report of state home demonstration...
 Report of assistant state home...
 Report of district home demonstration...
 Report of district home demonstration...
 Report of assistant state home...
 Report of assistant state home...
 Report of assistant state home...
 Report of assistant state home...
 Negro extension work
 Index














Cooperative extension work in agriculture and home economics
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Full Citation
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075774/00006
 Material Information
Title: Cooperative extension work in agriculture and home economics
Running title: Annual report
Report cooperative extension work in agriculture and home economics
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 23 cm
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida -- Agricultural Extension Division
University of Florida -- Agricultural Extension Service
Florida State College for Women
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture
Publisher: The Division
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla
Creation Date: 1922
Publication Date: 1917-
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agricultural extension work -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Home economics, Rural -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: University of Florida, Division of Agricultural Extension and United States Department of Agriculture Cooperation.
Dates or Sequential Designation: 1917-1938
Numbering Peculiarities: Report of general activities for ... with financial statement for the fiscal year ending June 30.
Issuing Body: Issued by: Division of Agricultural Extension and U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, 1917-1922; Agricultural Extension Division, Florida State College for Women, and U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, 1923-1928; Agricultural Extension Service, Florida State College for Women, and U.S. Dept. of Agriculture 1929- 1938.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 46385656
lccn - 2001229381
System ID: UF00075774:00006
 Related Items
Preceded by: Cooperative demonstration work in agriculture and home economics
Succeeded by: Report Florida agricultural extension service

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
    Title Page
        Page 2
    Table of Contents
        Page 3
    Letter of transmittal to governor of Florida
        Page 4
    Credits
        Page 5
        Page 6
    Report of director
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
    Report of vice-director and county agent leader
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
    Report of district agent, south and central Florida
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
    Report of district agent, west Florida
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
    Report of district agent, east and northeast Florida
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
    Report of boys' club agent
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
    Report of extension animal industrialist
        Page 44
        Page 45
    Report of entomologist-plant pathologist
        Page 46
        Page 47
    Report of poultry specialist
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
    Report of dairy specialist
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
    Report of state home demonstration agent
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
    Report of assistant state home demonstration agent
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
    Report of district home demonstration agent, south and east Florida
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
    Report of district home demonstration agent, north and west Florida
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
    Report of assistant state home demonstration agent in poultry
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
    Report of assistant state home demonstration agent in dairying
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
    Report of assistant state home demonstration agent in nutrition
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
    Report of assistant state home demonstration agent in food conservation
        Page 87
        Page 88
    Negro extension work
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
    Index
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
Full Text







Cooperative Extension Work in
Agriculture and Home Economics
(Acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914)
Agricultural Extension Division, University of Florida,
And United States Department of
Agriculture Cooperating
WILMON NEWELL, Director



REPORT OF GENERAL ACTIVITIES FOR 1922
WITH
FINANCIAL STATEMENT FOR THE
FISCAL YEAR ENDING
JUNE 30, 1922











Cooperative Extension Work in
Agriculture and Home Economics
(Acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914)
Agricultural Extension Division, University of Florida,
And United States Department of
Agriculture Cooperating
WILMON NEWELL, Director



REPORT OF GENERAL ACTIVITIES FOR 1922
WITH
FINANCIAL STATEMENT FOR THE,
FISCAL YEAR ENDING
JUNE 30, 1922












CONTENTS
PAGE
LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL TO GOVERNOR OF FLORIDA ...............................--------- 3
BOARD OF CONTROL, STAFF, SPECIALISTS, SPECIAL LECTURERS ...................... 4
COUNTY AND HOME DEMONSTRATION AGENTS, LIST OF ............................... 5
LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL TO CHAIRMAN BOARD OF CONTROL .....................--- 7
REPORT OF DIRECTOR ..................-..-....--------------------.... 7
INTRODUCTION ......................---------. ....----- -- --..-------. 7
ORGANIZATION ...............- ......--................... ------- --. 8
FINANCIAL STATEMENT ......................... .......... ------- -- 9
CHANGES IN STAFF ........................- .......................-...-.... 10
PUBLICATIONS ............................................................-- -----------............. 10
OUTLINE OF PROJECTS .......................----......----........ ----.. ---..-- 11
EXTENSION SCHOOLS ...............................-----------...... -- .---- 13
CONFERENCES FOR EXTENSION WORKERS .....................................--- ....... 13
FAIRS .........................----- ..........------- ...........------ ---- -............... 14
COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS FOR EXTENSION WORK ........................ 15
EXTENSION W ORK FOR NEGROES ................................................... ....... 15
COUNTY SUPPORT FOR EXTENSION WORK ............................................... 16
EXPANSION OF THE WORK FOR 1923 ......................... ..............-- ....-- 17
REPORT OF VICE-DIRECTOR AND COUNTY AGENT LEADER ................................ 19
REPORT OF DISTRICT AGENT, SOUTH AND CENTRAL FLORIDA ............-.......... 28
REPORT OF DISTRICT AGENT, WEST FLORIDA .................................................. 32
REPORT OF DISTRICT AGENT, EAST AND NORTHEAST FLORIDA ...................... 35
REPORT OF BOYS' CLUB AGENT ........................... .... ....----...... ----. 39
REPORT OF ANIMAL INDUSTRIALIST ....................................---- ......--... --...... 44
REPORT OF ENTOMOLOGIST-PLANT PATHOLOGIST ............................................. 46
REPORT OF POULTRY SPECIALIST .........................--- ... ...................... 48
REPORT OF DAIRY SPECIALIST ...................................... ------... ..-.. 51
REPORT OF STATE HOME DEMONSTRATION AGENT .......................................--. 54
REPORT OF ASSISTANT STATE HOME DEMONSTRATION AGENT ...................... 64
REPORT OF DISTRICT HOME DEMONSTRATION AGENT, SOUTH AND EAST
FLORIDA ................................-------- -----------........... ------------------ 69
REPORT OF DISTRICT HOME DEMONSTRATION AGENT, NORTH AND WEST
FLORIDA ......................----.-------.---...........---............ ...--- .. --------- 72
REPORT OF ASSISTANT STATE HOME DEMONSTRATION AGENT IN POULTRY 75
REPORT OF ASSISTANT STATE HOME DEMONSTRATION AGENT IN DAIRYING 80
REPORT OF ASSISTANT STATE HOME DEMONSTRATION AGENT IN NUTRITION 84
REPORT OF ASSISTANT STATE HOME DEMONSTRATION AGENT IN FOOD CON-
SERVATION ..........................--.----------------..........--..... ..-.. -----------. 87
REPORT OF NEGRO EXTENSION WORK, OR OF LOCAL DISTRICT AGENT .......... 89


630o,

EQ 6 .~























Hon. Cary A. Hardee,
Governor of Florida,
Tallahassee, Florida.
SIR: I have the honor to transmit herewith the report of the
director of the Agricultural Extension Division, College of Agri-
culture, University of Florida, for the calendar year 1922, in-
cluding a fiscal report for the year ending June 30, 1922.
Respectfully,
P. K. YONGE,
Chairman of the Board of Control.








Florida Cooperative Extension


BOARD OF CONTROL
P. K. YONGE, Chairman, Pensacola.
E. L. W'ARTMANN, Citra.
J. B. SUTTON, Tampa.
JOHN C. COOPER, JR., Jacksonville.
W. L. WEAVER, Perry.
J. T. DIAMOND, Secretary, Tallahassee.

OFFICERS, STATES RELATIONS SERVICE, WASHINGTON, D. C.
A. C. TRUE, Director.
C. B. SMITH, Chief.
STAFF
A. A. MURPHREE, President of the University.
WILMON NEWELL, Director.
A.'P. SPENCER, Vice-Director and County Agent Leader.
RALPH STOUTAMIRE, Editor.
RUBY NEWHALL, Secretary.
K. H. GRAHAM, Auditor.
RETTA MCQUARRIE, Assistant Auditor.

COOPERATIVE AGRICULTURAL DEMONSTRATION WORK
E. W. JENKINS, District Agent.
H. G. CLAYTON, District Agent.
S. W. HIATT, District Agent.
R. W. BLACKLOCK, Boys' Club Agent.

COOPERATIVE HOME DEMONSTRATION WORK
SARAH W. PARTRIDGE, State Home Demonstration Agent.
HARRIETTE B. LAYTON, Assistant State Home Demonstration Agent.
MAY MORSE, Assistant State Home Demonstration Agent.
MINNIE M. FLOYD, Assistant State Home Demonstration Agent.
GLADYS 'SMITH, Assistant State Home Demonstration Agent.
ESTELLE BOZEMAN, Assistant State Home Demonstration Agent (resigned
May 31).
AGNES I. WEBSTER, District Home Demonstration Agent.
LONNY I. LANDRUM, District Home Demonstration Agent (resigned Sept.
11).
ELLEN LENOIR, District Home Demonstration Agent (appointed Sept. 16).

SPECIALISTS IN AGRICULTURAL WORK
J. M. ScoTT, Animal Industrialist.
N. W. SANBORN, Poultry Husbandman.
HAMLIN L. BROWN, Dairy Specialist.
ED L. AYERS, Entomologist and Plant Pathologist (appointed May 1).

SPECIAL LECTURERS
J. R. WATSON, Entomology.
O. F. BURGER, Citrus Diseases.
R. W. RUPRECHT, Soils and Fertilizers.
C. H. WILLOUGHBY, Animal and Dairy Husbandry.
W. L. FLOYD, Horticulture.
E. L.LORD, Horticulture.
FRAZIER ROGERS, Farm Machinery.
A. L. SHEALY, Veterinary Science.
G. F. WEBER, Vegetable Diseases.
J. E. TURLINGTON, Farm Management.







Annual Report, 1922


COUNTY AND HOME DEMONSTRATION AGENTS*

HOME DEMONSTRATION
COUNTY COUNTY AGENTS ADDRESS AGENTS
Alachua...........R. L. King..................Gainesville....................Miss Lynn McNutt
Bay...................R. R. W hittington...Panama City ........................................
Brevard............H. R. Tribble..............Cocoa ...................................
Citrus................R. E. VanNess..........Inverness.....................Miss Beulah Pipkin
Clay ..................W T. Nettles.............Green Cove Springs...............................
Columbia..........C. F. Green...............Lake City............................Miss Marie Cox
Dade................J. S. Rainey...............Miami .......................................
DeSoto..............G. W. Scally..............Arcadia..............Mrs. Nettie B. Crabill
Duval................W. L. Watson............Jacksonville ----.......... Miss Pearl Laffitte
Escambia.........J. Lee Smith.............Pensacola................Miss Dorothy Mitchell
Flagler.............L. T. Nieland.............Bunnell ......................................
Gadsden............D. L. Campbell..........Quincy........................Miss Ruby McDavid
Glades-...--... ....--- ..-.-- ......-..-.......-- Moore Haven................Miss Lenore Tyler
Hamilton.......... J. Sechrest............Jasper ....................Miss Virginia Branham
Hernando.........J. T. Daniel-----...............Brooksville..................Mrs. J. W. Palmer
Hillsborough...R. T. Kelley...............Plant City..................Miss Blanche Glenn
Tampa..................Miss Mary R. Symonds
Jackson.......... .....-- ....-----..----arianna.................... Miss Martha McCall
Jefferson.......... H. Rothe...............Monticello ............... ...... ............. .
Lake---..............E F. DeBusk............ Tavares-- ----.................. Miss Ora Odom
Lee....................H. E. Stevens-.........--Ft. Myers..............Miss Lucy Belle Settle
Leon----.................-------------------Tallahassee.......-------.. Mrs. A. H. Peay
Levy...............N. J. Allbritton.........W illiston ...........................
Liberty-...........A. W. Turner..........---Bristol .. ................ .........
Madison............B. E. Lawton-............Madison........................Mrs. B. E. Lawton
Manatee............W. R. Briggs-...........-Bradentown...........Miss Margaret Cobb
Marion..............K. C. Moore...........-----Ocala --------------- -----
Okaloosa..........R. J. Hart..................Laurel Hill ...................................
Crestview......................Miss Bertha Henry
Orange..............C. D. Kime................Orlando-------............ Mrs. Nellie W. Taylor
Osceola.............Leo H. Wilson-...........Kissimmee....................Miss Albina Smith
Palm Beach.....J. A. Dew---................---West Palm Beach..Mrs. Edith Y. Morgan
Pasco.................F. G. Merrin..............Dade City..........---......Mrs. Harriet Ticknor
Pinellas...................................................Clearwater..............Miss Isabelle Thursby
Polk...................Wm. Gomme..............Bartow...........................Miss Lois Godbey
Putnam.............D. A. Armstrong......Palatka.............. Miss Floresa Sipprell
St. Johns.........J. 0. Traxler.............St. Augustine............Miss Anna E. Heist
St. Lucie..........Alfred Warren..........Ft. Pierce ....................................
Santa Rosa.....John G. Hudson........Milton-................Mrs. Winnie W. McEwen
Seminole...........B. F. Whitner, Jr..-..Sanford ............................
Sumter.................................. -- Bushnell............................Miss Mae Morris
Suwannee.........C. E. Matthews........Live Oak----........................Miss Alice Dorsett
Taylor...............R. J. Dorsett..............Perry.......................Miss Annabel Peaden
Volusia..............Roy R. Johnson........DeLand................. ...Miss Orpha Cole
Wakulla............G. C. Hodge..............Crawfordville ................................
Walton.............J. W. Mathison.........DeFuniak Springs..Mrs. Grace F. Warren

*This list is correct to December 31, 1922.










Report of General Activities for 1922
with
Financial Statement for the Fiscal Year

Ending June 30, 1922


Hon. P. K. Yonge,
Chairman, Board of Control.
SIR: I have the honor to submit herewith the annual report of
the Agricultural Extension Division, College of Agriculture, Uni-
versity of Florida. This report embodies the financial statement
for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1922, and a summary of the
activities of the Division for the calendar year 1922. I respect-
fully request that you transmit the same, in accordance with
the law, to the governor of the State of Florida.
Respectfully,
WILMON NEWELL,
Director.
INTRODUCTION
Agricultural extension work this year was characterized by
carefully defined projects and plans of work, by intensive efforts
directed toward definite accomplishments and, in many counties,
by fewer but better-done undertakings.
County and home demonstration agents accomplish much more
when permitted to work with groups of people rather than with
individuals only. Where counties and communities are banded
together for a common good, thru organizations, the efficiency
of the county and home demonstration agents is increased.
Agricultural extension service is most effective when the com-
munity in which it works makes a survey of its needs and then
supports a program of work led by the county or home demon-
stration agent or both.
Extension agents endeavor to meet the needs of their counties.
In some instances it is still necessary to do much individual work
as all communities are not organized for such work. In these
cases it has been a part of the agents' duties to interest the
leading people in that community as to their needs and to secure







Florida Cooperative Extension


their assistance in arousing the combined interests of the com-
munity.
More is asked of county extension workers now than they
possibly can carry out. It becomes necessary for all such workers
to outline or programize their work and to expend their time,
and the funds appropriated for this use, so that the greatest
good to the greatest number of people will result.
The agricultural extension service has endeavored to get an
intimate knowledge of the needs of Florida's agricultural and
home life situation, to locate the men and women rural leaders,
and to organize and direct county and community forces for
the advancement and betterment of the country life of Florida.
The administration of the agricultural extension program was
carried out according to plans as in former years. Each project
leader and subject matter specialist undertook his or her work
according to plans submitted a year ago. These undertakings
were accomplished in a satisfactory manner on the whole, par-
ticularly as applied to county workers.
The cooperation between county and home demonstration
workers was exceptionally good. In practically every instance
where work undertaken required the assistance of both agents,
these workers came to realize the advantage of working to-
gether as much as possible. This had a wholesome effect on
the general status of county work and inspired greater con-
fidence on the part of those who gave it their support.

ORGANIZATION
Cooperative extension work in agriculture and home economics
is one of the three branches of the College of Agriculture, Uni-
versity of Florida. Supervising staffs are located as follows:
Of county agents, at the University of Florida, Gainesville; of
home demonstration agents, at the Florida State College for
Women, Tallahassee; and of negro agents, at the Florida A. &
M. College for Negroes, Tallahassee.
County and home demonstration agents usually have head-
quarters at their county seats. Their office equipment is pro-
vided by the county, and as these agents' problems are closely
connected and related, they usually work together and from the
same office, using the same bulletin files and stenographic assist-
ance, when such help is provided.
The specialists work with the district and county agents, not
being restricted to special territories. They attempt to work






Annual Report, 1922


wherever most needed. In counties where there are no agents,
these specialists work with individual farmers and growers.
However the best results are secured when they can work with
county workers. The extension specialists coordinate their work
with various departments of the Florida Experiment Station and
thus keep the county workers in close touch with what the Ex-
periment Station is doing.
When specialists of. the United States Department of Agricul-
ture visit Florida for particular work they, too, work with the
district and county agents, being directed to localities most in
need of their services or best suited to their purposes. Thru the
cooperation of the College of Agriculture and the United States
Department of Agriculture, various bureaus, departments and
state agencies are so organized that duplication of effort may be
reduced to the minimum.
Geunty agents are under the direction of the state leader and
the district agents. Boys' club work is under the direction of
the boys' club agent and the district agents. Boys' clubs in
various counties are organized by the county agents with such
assistance as they can secure from their counties. Specialists
are responsible for the subject matter in their particular lines,
as it applies to agricultural work.
Home demonstration work is under the direction of the state
home demonstration agent, her assistants and the district home
demonstration agents. This work also has assistant specialists
in home dairying, poultry, and food conservation. These special-
ists work principally with home demonstration agents, giving
them assistance in their particular projects. The home demon-
stration agents work mainly thru organized clubs of women and
girls.
Negro extension work is under the immediate direction of a
local district agent. He has assistants, known as local county
agents and local home demonstration agents, who work in sev-
eral counties. The assistant club agents (colored) are employed
for only a portion of the year. Their program is planned partic-
ularly to encourage thrift and has improved materially the con-
ditions of the colored farmers of the state.

FINANCIAL STATEMENT
The receipts and expenditures of this division of the College
of Agriculture for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1922, were
as follows:







10 Florida Cooperative Extension

RECEIPTS
College of Agriculture Funds-
Smith-Lever, Federal .........................................$ 52,912.22
Smith-Lever, State ................................. ... ...... ..... 42,912.22
Supplementary Smith-Lever, Federal .............. 17,880.09
Supplementary Smith-Lever, State ...................... 17,880.09
U. S. D. A. appropriation ............................-................. 19,000.00
State appropriations ............. --....... ---.............. ..... 8,275.00
County appropriations ........................ ......................... 71,000.00
Total .................... .... ......... ....... ..........$229,859.62

EXPENDITURES
Administration ...................... -----. .......----..-- ....... $ 15,276.82
Printing and publications ..............................-............... 5,792.79
County agents' work .................................................-...... 95,828.49
Home demonstration work ..................... ...................... 87,033.02
Boys' club work ..............-..-.....- -- ..........-...------..... 4,401.33
Animal industry .......... ...........-. ...... ........... 3,347.79
Negro farm and home makers' work.............................. 12,603.54
Poultry husbandry ........-.............................................. 2,579.68
Extension schools ........................................... .... .. 633.37
Plant pathology and entomology .................................. 1,685.96
Balance ........................... .. ... ..--..---......... ---- 676.83
Total.....................---- ..---.. ...........---$229,859.62


CHANGES IN STAFF

Relatively few changes in the staff occurred during 1922. Ed
L. Ayers was appointed extension entomologist and pathologist,
effective May 1. Lonny I. Landrum resigned as district home
demonstration agent on September 11. She was succeeded by
Ellen LeNoir on September 16. Gladys Smith was appointed
nutrition specialist on February 6. Estelle Bozeman resigned as
assistant state home demonstration agent and conservation spe-
cialist on May 31. Her position has not been filled.
Among county and home demonstration workers, various
changes took place between July 1 and October 1. These were
principally due to resignations and to transfers between counties.
The changes were relatively few, and in each case the new
agents appointed had qualifications equal, if not better, to those
who resigned.

PUBLICATIONS

The following bulletins were issued from the Gainesville office
of the Division during the year:






Annual Report, 1922


Bulletin 30, "Spray Schedule for Citrus".. 4,000 copies
31, "Lessons for Pig Club
Members" ...-...................--- 10,000
32, "Important Diseases of Truck
Crops in Florida" (Re-
print of Bul. 139 Fla. Exp.
Sta.) ..............-............... 10,000 "
33, "Satsuma Oranges in North
and West Florida" --.......... 5,169
34, "Sweet Potatoes in Florida"..20,285 "
S 35, "Grape Culture in Florida".... 6,154 "
The 1921 Annual Report................... ..... 2,030 "

The following bulletins in home demonstration work were also
issued from the Gainesville office:
Bulletin 34, "Jellies, Preserves and Mar-
malades" ......-...................25,000 copies
41, "Hand Book for First Year
Sewing" ......---................-10,000
A weekly agricultural news and feature service was main-
tained thruout the year, supplying the newspapers and farm
journals of the state with timely news and informational farm
articles. This service-known as the Agricultural News Serv-
ice-is sent also to county and home demonstration agents,
agricultural teachers and others interested in the agricultural
and home development of the state. Approximately six hundred
copies of this service is mailed out each week.

OUTLINE OF PROJECTS
The expenditure of extension funds for the fiscal year end-
ing June 30, 1922, was for nine projects as follows:
Project I-A-Administration.-This provides for the expenses
of the offices of the director and vice-director, salaries of clerical
help and for such miscellaneous expenses and emergencies as may
arise.
Project I-B-Publications.-The expense for publications and
the distribution of bulletins, circulars, weekly press matter and
annual reports is provided for and is covered by this project.
Project II-County Agents.-The salaries and traveling ex-
penses of district agents, salaries of county agents, expenses of






Florida Cooperative Extension


county agents' meetings, and supplies and incidentals incurred
in connection with county agent work are cared for by this pro-
ject. Considerable portions of the funds for this project are
appropriated by counties to supplement the salaries paid county
agents by the Division. That portion of the agents' salaries paid
directly by counties is not accounted for by the state offices.
All other expenditures in this project are paid from funds of
the University of Florida.
Project III-Boys' Clubs.-This project has to do with the
direction and management of boys' clubs. As boys' clubs are
organized by county agents, Projects II and III are closely allied.
Funds for this project are applied to the salary and expenses
of the club agent, clerical help, supplies, record books and other
incidentals of club work.
Project IV-Home Demonstration.-Home demonstration
work, including gardening, food conservation, nutrition, textiles,
clothing, poultry keeping, home dairying, beekeeping and home
improvement, come within this group. The largest expenditure of
funds in this project is for the salaries of home demonstration
agents. Since counties are required to contribute to the salaries
of these agents, only that part of an agent's salary paid from
state and federal funds is accounted for by the University of
Florida.
Project V-Dairy Husbandry and Forage Crops.-The ani-
mal industrialist, who belongs jointly to the staffs of the Experi-
ment Station and this Division, carries on work under this
project. The project contemplates the improvement of beef
cattle, provides assistance in the management of dairy cattle and
hogs, and makes surveys of the conditions of forage and pasture
crops. The Florida Experiment Station cooperates in this work.
Project VI-Farm and Home Makers' Clubs.-This is agricul-
tural extension work among negroes and from its funds the
salaries of the local district agent and assistant local county
agents are paid. Also the expenses of the local district agent's
office, stenographic help and travel expenses of the negro agents,
men and women, when in attendance at state meetings, are paid
from these funds.
Project VII-Entomology and Plant Pathology.-This project
provides for special work in disease and insect control with farm
crops, fruits, vegetables, nuts and ornamentals. The losses of
perishables caused by diseases and insects have been heavy. The


12






Annual Report, 1922


work of this project began on May 1, 1922, and the demands on
the specialist's time are many.
Project VIII-Poultry Work.-In this project funds are pro-
vided for a half-time poultry specialist, salary and expenses.
This work contemplates improvement of farm poultry, finding
market for poultry products, assisting county and home demon-
stration agents in securing better stock, culling demonstrations,
feeding problems and poultry problems in general.
Project IX-Extension Schools.-This is for the conducting of
farmers' meetings and schools in agriculture and home demon-
stration. It also provides for similar schools at the University
of Florida and the State College for Women, and for such other
meetings as the best interests of the work demand.

EXTENSION SCHOOLS
There has always been a need for extension schools in counties.
The-need for this is greater than the work accomplished would
indicate. During the year the general farmers of Florida were
discouraged and disappointed in that they were unable to meet
most of' their obligations, and they underwent the same de-
pression that. farmers in other cotton-growing states did.
Extension schools functioned largely to bring the farmers
together to learn the principles of cooperative marketing and
to receive whatever relief was possible to be had under the
circumstances. As a result of the schools held, many hogs and
much farm- produce and considerable quantities of farm supplies
were sold and purchased cooperatively.
Many extension schools were conducted in the citrus-growing
counties, being conducted principally by county and district
agents and specialists. These were in reality field meetings.
With the increased plantings of citrus, there is an urgent need
for the better control of diseases and insect pests. These schools
made it possible to demonstrate in a practical way the identity
of such pests and to show by demonstration how they may
be controlled. Most of the schools conducted were for one day
only.

CONFERENCES FOR EXTENSION WORKERS
Thruout the year monthly conferences were held, and the
leaders attended that their problems might be mutually under-
stood. These conferences were attended by members of the






Florida Cooperative Extension


teaching staff of the College of Agriculture, and by the
staffs of the Experiment Station and of the State Plant Board.
They were particularly helpful in unifying the endeavors of these
four agricultural organizations, all doing work in the state.
Early in the year four group meetings were held in different
parts of the state when county workers presented their
plans for the year. Suggestions, criticisms and recommenda-
tions were made by others in attendance. About two days were
required for each of these meetings. A definite program was
prepared for each and on the whole these group meetings were
especially beneficial in establishing uniform plans of work.
The annual meeting of all state and county workers was held
in Gainesville in September. The home demonstration workers
met separately in Tallahassee for a few days before coming to
Gainesville to join the agricultural workers who, too, had met
separately for a few days.
In March the negro agents were called together for conference
and for the submitting of plans by county workers. These
agents had their attention called to the importance of sani-
tation in the home and community, by the Florida State Board
of Health. And work of this nature was incorporated into the
general plans of. negro extension work for the year.

FAIRS

County fairs and exhibits occupied much of the county and
home demonstration agents' time this year, in a few instances
perhaps more than results justified. The fairs offer county ex-
tension workers a means of arousing general interest in agricul-
ture and home economics, for it is highly important that the
work of these agents be brought to the attention of the people.
In conducting fairs, however, the educational side is emphasized
as much as possible, agents having been. instructed to make this
feature stand out prominently. So, on a whole, fair and exhibit
work done by extension agents was helpful.
The fair is a means of bringing together community organ-
izations. Without a definite plan and without definite work
for individuals to do, community organizations accomplish com-
paratively little, outside of cooperative selling and buying. Thru
the cooperation of extension agents with managers of state and
county fairs; the quality and arrangements of fairs have shown
definite and gradual improvement. Fair workers placed em-






Annual Report, 1922


phasis on quality, arrangement and educational value of exhibits
and required exhibitors to show only such displays as come
strictly under the head of agriculture and home improvement.
Fair associations cooperated liberally for the showing of boys'
and girls' club work, allotting desirable space and providing
liberal prizes for club members who exhibited corn, hogs, poul-
try, canned products and domestic art.
The Agricultural Extension Division was represented in the
University of Florida exhibit at the State Fair in Jacksonville
in November. Four booths of 1600 square feet of floor space
and 1460 square feet of wall space were allotted to county and
home demonstration work.
Commerical vegetable packages, standard United States
grades, forage crops, sweet potato varieties, grades of Florida
cane syrup, pecan varieties, peanut and corn varieties, fruit
exhibits showing insect and disease injury, charts and photo-
graphs of various kinds, poultry houses and appliances, feeds
and standard breeds of poultry, an extensive exhibit calling
attention to the value and importance of milk, etc., were shown.
There was a nutrition booth, demonstrating the importance
of nutrition and sanitation. In this was shown a miniature
train ("Healthland Flyer") with stations designated as "Cleanly
Town," "Fruit Farms," "Cereal City," and "Milky Way."

COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS FOR EXTENSION WORK
It is highly important that the work and recommendations
of all extensions workers conform to a uniform plan as far as
local conditions will permit. With this in view, 12 committees
were appointed from the staff to formulate plans and recom-
mendations pertaining to citrus, truck, poultry, dairying, pub-
licity, purchasing, marketing, club work, fairs and exhibits,
records, organization and resolutions.
The recommendations of these committees were presented
at the annual conference and after final adoption copies were
furnished to each member of the staff.

EXTENSION WORK FOR NEGROES
There is little change in the negro extension work from
former years, except for the placing of more attention on mar-
keting and organization. The work accomplished during the







Florida Cooperative Extension


year justified an increased working period for county workers.
That is, these workers were appointed for eight months this
year as against six in 1921, which arrangement furloughed them
from May 31 to October 1. This seemed particularly desirable in
order that the demonstration work undertaken might be sum-
marized and a just account made of it. This arrangement also
resulted in the bringing together of exhibits of negro work at
state and district fairs. The negro agents were largely re-
sponsible for the production and preparation of these exhibits.
On the whole the negro work progressed in a fairly satis-
factory manner. It is very difficult to find workers with the
training they should have for such an undertaking. However,
most of the agents had worked two or more years already, and
consequently were better prepared for the work this year than
any year previously.


COUNTY SUPPORT FOR EXTENSION WORK

The appropriations for extension work by counties were
slightly larger than in 1921. In a few instances the increases were
substantial, in others small, and in others the appropriations of
1921 were not increased. The number of county agents was
increased from 34 to 37. Five new counties came into the work,
while two discontinued their cooperation in July. For home
demonstration work 33 counties made appropriations. This was
an increase of 5 over 1921. Two counties discontinued home
demonstration work, whereas seven additional ones made appro-
priations for it. In some instances it was not possible to secure
enough money from counties to carry the work thru the entire
year. In such cases it was necessary to reduce the number of
months for employment of agents in order to get efficient service.
In all, 45 of the 61 counties cooperated. A state law permits
boards of county commissioners to levy a half mill tax for this
purpose. In 24 of the 45 counties practically the entire half
mill is levied. It would seem, therefore, that extension workers
have given general satisfaction.
There is a growing demand for specially trained workers.
In many counties the boards are appropriating nearly the max-
imum that can be raised by the one-mill tax. However, it is
a fact that many workers are still underpaid, considering that
the counties are large and the expenses heavy.







Annual Report, 1922


EXPANSION OF THE WORK FOR 1923

The plans for 1923 contemplate some changes from those of
the past, changes necessary to make because of the changing
conditions of the agriculture of the state.
During the last five years county agents were able to do but
little for the improvement of the cotton industry, due to the gen-
eral boll weevil infestation in the cotton area which made this an
unsatisfactory and unprofitable crop to grow. Now, with the
prospects for the reviving of this industry thru the application
of the Florida method of boll weevil control, worked out by the
State Plant Board of Florida and the Experiment Station, it is
naturally advisable that county agents should devote a consider-
able portion of their time to the culture of cotton, particularly
in demonstrating the correct application of this method.
Organizations for the cooperative selling and buying of farm
products and supplies have been perfected and since those have










FIG. 1.-"Dirt farmers" setting out a permanent pasture on the grounds
of the University of Florida while attending the annual club short
course in 1922

functioned to the betterment of the agricultural and home life
of the communities and counties concerned, the further develop-
ment of such organizations will constitute a major task of county
and home demonstration agents next year.
There is a decided interest in the growing of satsuma oranges
in the western counties of Florida. Most farmers of those coun-
ties are inexperienced in citrus culture. The agents there will
give special study to satsuma culture and, with the assistance
of the district agent, will give definite help to those who plant
satsumas.
Interest is also being aroused by county agents in the pro-
duction of other fruit which will receive special attention from
them and other extension workers.






Florida Cooperative Extension


In the citrus counties of South Florida special attention will
be given to the control of melanose. Each agent in those coun-
ties will make this one of his most important duties. In co-
operation with the Florida Experiment Station, the extension
plant pathologist and entomologist and county agents will pro-
ceed to carry out very definite control measures after having
been assured that melanose can be controlled by the proper ap-
plication of sprays.
More attention will be given to ornamental plantings and land-
scape gardening.
There is an increasing demand for properly trained county
workers and this has been kept in mind in appointing new
agents. It is expected, therefore, that extension work will keep
well in advance of the agricultural development of the state.
As these better trained agents will work in close cooperation
with other branches of the College of Agriculture, there is every
reason to believe that definite problems of the agricultural and
horticultural interests of Florida will be solved in 1923.






Annual Report, 1922


REPORT OF A. P. SPENCER, VICE-DIRECTOR AND
COUNTY AGENT LEADER

On December 1, 1922, there were 37 county agents at work
compared with 33 on the same date in 1921. The provisions for
this increase were made by boards of county commissioners when
they made their budgets in September. The changes in the
county staff took place between July 1 and October 1.
During the year the work of the county agents proceeded
with comparatively little interruption. In three cases where
there seemed to be some opposition to continuing the work in
the counties it was not difficult to find a favorable sentiment
on the part of the farmers and business men to overcome the
opposition and to continue the work.
County agents were called upon to do many unexpected and
unusual things. Farmers felt that they needed relief of some
nature so that they could dispose of their products at a fair
price, and this suggests what constitutes a major project with
many agents. For some farm products there were poor sales
and where farmers depended to a large extent on the sale of
their range cattle they were disappointed because the market
for range cattle was poor. This condition brought about a ten-
dency on the part of farmers to organize for cooperative pur-
chase and sale of their supplies and products and there was an
incessant demand made on county agents to assist in this work.
Of the 37 county agents now employed, 16 have degrees from
agricultural colleges. Three others have had equivalent training.
The personnel and training of the staff as a whole is above that
of former years. Many who have not attended college have
been in this service for two or more years and by persistent
efforts, good executive ability and good judgment, have proved
themselves leaders in their respective counties. As a result they
are receiving increased recognition and cooperation from persons
of responsibility and influence.
In order to induce such men to take up county agent work or
to retain their position, it has been necessary to make some
increases in salaries and expense allowances. To do county agent
work it costs more than formerly; a man cannot do the work and
live as cheaply as he could a few years ago. Therefore, it has
been necessary to increase salaries. In most cases the county
boards of commissioners have granted increases.
The best of cooperation was apparent in the counties, also







Florida Cooperative Extension


from the offices of the State Department of Agriculture, the
State Live Stock Sanitary Board, the State Board of Health,
the State Marketing Bureau and the State Plant Board of Flor-
ida. The work of the state marketing commissioner was par-
ticularly helpful to both county and home demonstration agents.
He and the county agents cooperated heartily and, as a conse-
quence, farmers of the state were able to market large quantities
of products that would have been difficult to dispose of profit-
ably under other conditions.

GENERAL SUMMARY OF COUNTY AGENT WORK

As the statistical report of county agents is herewith attached
and the district agents, club agents and specialists are reporting
also, it is sufficient to summarize here only briefly the work in
counties.
During the year the agricultural conditions for the entire
State of Florida were much more satisfactory than in many
other states. In the southern portion of the state, particularly
in the citrus area, most of the agricultural interests made
definite progress. Truckers and growers found good sale for
their products.
However, in the northern and western counties the farmers
were not so fortunate. The livestock interests lagged. Hogs
sold for only a fair price. There was some tendency to engage
in trucking in this territory, but most efforts were unsatisfac-
tory. Labor conditions were more difficult than in previous
years. It is apparent, therefore, that each county agent had


A trrAGo ,, Ifi
iL~r-*,U


FIG. 2.-The pile of corn to the left represents a special project with Coun-
ty Agent W. L. Watson, Duval. The grower of this corn, V. C. Johnson,
was most particular in following Mr. Watson's suggestions






Annual Report, 1922


definite local problems to meet. With the assistance of cooper-
ating agencies each endeavored to meet his problems.
In a few counties, the dairy interests were improved. Three
creameries were established, making four now in operation in
the state. These creameries, being new, underwent some changes
during the year, being in most cases on a better operating
basis than six months ago. The extension dairyman and a num-
ber of county agents gave the dairy and creamery business spe-
cial study and endeavored in every possible way to assist the new
enterprises to get on a paying basis. It has been difficult for
dairymen to procure a sufficient number of good dairy cattle. To
meet this some agents for the first time endeavored to establish
dairy calf clubs. In other cases they assisted dairymen in the
purchase of good cows. They also assisted in finding sale for
dairy products during the months when the supply was greater
than the demand. There are many sections of the state where
it seems advisable for farmers to undertake dairying on a much
larger scale. With that idea in view, the extension dairyman and
certain county agents are directing their efforts toward making
the industry profitable and permanent.
Citrus Work.-In several South Florida counties where citrus
is the most profitable industry the county agents are expected
to give it the greatest portion of their time. Men who under-
stand the production of high-class citrus fruit are in constant
demand. Training and experience in the methods of controlling
insects and diseases are required of such agents. Due to the
fact that many land owners and farmers in South Florida have
found that general farming is less profitable than citrus or truck,
many have discontinued the growing of staple crops, except to
supply local needs.
The county agents of Brevard, St. Lucie, Manatee, Lake, Pasco,
Polk, Osceola and Orange Counties, more than any other, devoted
special attention to citrus culture. The most important problem
was the control of disease and insect pests, which in many in-
stances was complicated and expensive, requiring men of special
training.
The cost of producing citrus fruit has materially increased in
the last few years. Markets have become more critical and
now demand good quality fruit, free of defects and blemishes.
For several years the Florida Experiment Station and the United
States Department of Agriculture have made special study of
the control of these pests. County agents are enabled to apply








22 Florida Cooperative Extension

the information learned from this study in groves by actual
demonstrations. Over eighteen hundred groves, having an ap-
proximate acreage of 31,464, was under the supervision of exten-
sion agents last year, these agents demonstrating the best
known practices in grove management.
Large areas set to citrus groves by people altogether inexperi-
enced in grove management received individual attention from
county agents and were accordingly much improved.

ACTIVITIES

The following statistics will show in a general way what county
agents accomplished during the year, altho everything accom-
plished is not shown. County agents are asked to perform many
duties that are apparently of minor importance and the report
of which would seem inadvisable. However, these duties con-
sume much time.
FIGURES SHOWING GENERAL ACTIVITIES OF COUNTY AGENTS
Visits made by county agents .......---............ ............ 32,720
-to farmers .... .................. ... ...................26,586
-to business men ........................... ............. .... 3,595
-to club members ......................... ................-- 2,539
Miles traveled by county agents..-................ ..- ....140,898
-by railroad ........-- -.................-- 29,370
by team ....................................... ..... .... 22,521
-by automobile ........................... ....76,239
-otherwise ... ............................. 12,768
Calls on agents relative to work....... .................. ........... ........... 35,944
Farmers' meetings held ................................... ..-.............- 2,260
Total attendances ..................................... .................................... 73,316
Field meetings held .-. ... ... .......... ...... .. ......... 300
Total attendances ....................... .......... ... ................... 7,085
Average number of days spent in office............................ ........ 76
-in correspondence ........................... ....30 percent
-in conference ........................... ...... 47.4 percent
-in miscellaneous ...........................---..........22.6 percent
Average number days spent in field............................ ............ 214
-in supervising regular demonstrations............22.6 percent
-in other farm visits .................................42.8 percent
-in meetings .................. ....... ..... ...... 11.8 percent
-in assisting with short course work.................. 4.5 percent
-in organization and marketing .....--..................18.3 percent
Official letters written ........................................ 23,646
Newspaper articles prepared for press............................ 2,132
Circular letters sent out........-----------...------ ......16,369
Farm bulletins or circulars distributed.......................................-- 27,031
Visits to schools ......... ....................... .................... ....................... 394
Schools assisted in outlining an agricultural course........................... 43
Extension schools or short courses assisted in.......................................... 18
Attendances ............. .................-- ----------------..... 2,704
Days spent this school work ........................ .............. ......... 55
Farmers attending short courses at colleges result agents' efforts...... 214
Club boys entering college.................................................. 10
Demonstrators and club members exhibiting at fairs.......................... 1,275








Annual Report, 1922. 23

Prizes won ................................- ..... ....---. ............ .......................... 481
Farmers practicing early plowing, result of agents' work.................. 2,205
Farmers began keeping bees at agents' suggestions ............................. 68
H ives .......................................... ..... ...... ................................ ... 599
Honey extractors purchased ..................-... ........................ 21

Corn Demonstrations
Demonstrators .--.-----...--------------.........- ----...-.. ..........- .................. 189
Acreage grown under demonstration methods-....................................... 1,558
Average yield (bushels) .... ............. .......................... ................. 25.2
Estimated average yield for state (bushels) ..........................-............. 14
Farmers who tested seed corn for germination-......-............................. 68
Bushels seed tested for germination..--..... ------............. -----................ 82
Farmers who planted selected seed................---............... ..--..--. 598
Acreage planted with selected seed ....--- --................................. 10,951
Farmers influenced to select seed..--..------ -------------............. 141
Estimated amount seed selected (bushels)............................................. 544
Farmers who turned under cover crops............................................ 22
Acres harvested for silage .....................-... ----... --.................... 53
Yield to the acre for silage (tons) ........--.. --- ---.. .. ..................... 12.5
Acres "hogged down" ...... .......................... ....................................... 436
Farms that introduced improved or cultural methods............................ 441

*Cotton Demonstrations
Demonstrators ............------........---.. ------... .. -- ..-.........---..... 160
Acreage grown under improved methods................................................ 2,035
Farmers who tested seed cotton for germination................................ 99
Bushels tested ........... .... ............. ... .............. ......... 305
Demonstrators who planted selected seed-..................... ............... 13
Acreage planted with pure or selected seed........................ ........... 311
Farmers induced to field select seed...........---............................................. 100
Acres treated for diseases or insect pests....................... ................... 3,961
Farms that introduced improved or cultural methods............................ 134

Tobacco Demonstrations
Dem onstrators ............................ .............. ......................... .................. 72
Acreage in demonstrations ........................ .................... ..... 423
Average acre yield (pounds) ......................... .... ................ 1,414
Estimated average acre yield for each county (pounds)........................ 1,200
Increased yield over ordinary methods (pounds) ................................... 214
Farmers induced to plant pure or selected seed........-............................. 16
Acreage planted with selected seed............................. ..... ................... 500
Farmers who treated tobacco seed for disease......................................... 16
Acres planted with treated seed ---............................................ 500

Tomato Demonstrations
Demonstrators .---...........- -..... --... ....... ... ....... 72
Acreage in demonstrations ........................ .... ........................ 255
Average acre yield (bushels) ....................... --.. ... ............... 68
Farmers induced to plant selected seed......................................------. 12
Acreage planted with selected seed...................................................... 110
Acres treated for diseases and insect pests-................................... 1,140
Increased acre value resulting from treating seed...............---................. $8.50
Farms that introduced improved or cultural methods.......................... .84

Small Grain Demonstrations
(Rye, Oats)
Demonstrators ...............-....... ........ .............-------..... .. .. ----..... 145
Acreage grown under demonstration methods...................-- ..--- .......--.. 3,829
Farmers who tested seed for germination-----...............-...-- ............ 103
Bushels seed tested .......................... ... .... ....... .................... 610







24 Florida Cooperative Extension

Acreage planted with selected seed................................................. 1,970
Demonstration acres cut for hay..................................... 652
Average acre yield of cured hay (tons).................................................. 1.9
Acres grazed off ..... ..... ......................................................... 4,967
Estimated acre value ........ ... ..................................... $10
Acres turned under for soil improvement.......................................... 470
Farms that introduced small grains................ ..................... 208

Grass Demonstrations
Demonstrators .......... ............................................................... 125
Acreage in demonstrations .................. ........................................ 1,069.5
Acres cut for hay............. ................................................ 927
Acres grazed off .......... ................ ............................ 1,349
Estimated acre value of grazing-............................................ $11.40
Demonstration acres turned under for soil improvement...................... 847
Farms that introduced improved or cultural methods......................... 528

Legume Demonstrations
(Cowpeas, Soybeans, Velvet Beans)
Demonstrators ......................... ............................................. 690
Acreage grown under improved methods.......................................10,437
Acre yield on demonstrations (tons cured hay)........................................ 1.5
Farmers who tested seed for germination...............................-.... 99
Bushels seed tested ............................................... 865
Acreage planted with selected seed................................. ...... 2,430
Acreage threshed for seed ........................ .... ... ....... 250
Acreage cut for hay.................. ....................................................... 952
A cres grazed off ........................................... .............. ..... ...................... 10,440
Estimated acre value of grazing................................. .............. $10
Acres turned under for soil improvement......................................... 5,391
Acres inoculated ............................ --............. ..-...... ... ......- .... 165
Acres planted to this crop due to agents' influence.............................. 6,770
Farms that introduced summer legumes...................................... 2,052

Peanut Demonstrations
Dem onstrators .................................... ........... ... ...................... 168
Farmers who tested seed for germination .............. ............................ 100
Bushels seed tested ................................................................................... 700
Acreage planted with selected seed-.............................. ............... 2,650
Acreage threshed for seed ........................................ ........................ 1,150
Acreage cut for hay .................................... ............ ............ 1,250
Increased acre yield of demonstrations over ordinary methods
(tons hay) .......................................... .25
Average acre yield on demonstrations (tons cured hay)........................ 1.5
Acres grazed off ....... .. -- ..-................. ...... .......... ............... 400
Estimated acre value of grazing................. .............................. $10

Irish-Potato Demonstrations
Demonstrators ...................... ..... ....... ......................-........... 56
Acreage in demonstrations ............ ......................... ..................12,657
Average acre yield on demonstrations (bushels)..................................... 88
Acres planted with treated seed................................................. 867
Acres treated for diseases and insect pests............................. 11,225
Farmers who used certified seed .......................................................... 55
Acreage planted with certified seed................................................ 370

Sweet-Potato Demonstrations
Demonstrators .......... ................. ..... ........ ...... .......................... 203
Acreage of potato demonstrations ........................... 609
Average acre yield (bushels)............................ ............... ............... 66.5
Acres planted with treated seed................................................... 346







Annual Report, 1922 25

Acres treated for disease and insect pests............................................... 80
Storage houses built ........................... ... ............----- ......... 1
Capacity (bushels) ........................- ............................................... 5,000
Farms that introduced improved or cultural methods............................ 383

Orchard Demonstrations
Demonstration orchards .......... .............................. ...............................141,151
peach .................................................. 177
citrus ..............................................:139,647
others ......................... .................. 1,327
Trees in these orchards ................. ..... ................. ............... .... 205,747
Number Acres Trees
Orchards inspected by agents........................................2,183 30,753 1,741,650
Orchards pruned .-------................. ....................------ ---- 535 2,602 145,955
Orchards sprayed ........................... ............. ........... 1,114 12,817 754,586
Orchards planted ........................... .................. .. .. 111 1,522 73,715
Peach orchards specially treated................................. 41 316 16,086

Totals ............................... ........ .....................3,984 48,010 2,731,992
Orchards under supervision of agents........-citrus, 3,290-trees, 26,858,621
-others, 2,309-trees, 3,579,301
Orchards agents assisted in caring for............................. ........... ...... 1,392
Dairy-Cattle Demonstrations
Registered bulls secured thru agents' influence........................................ 29
Registered cows or heifers secured thru agents' influence---.................... 42
Dairy cattle which farmers were assisted in selling thru group sales 1,132
Cows tested to determine milk production................................................ 289
Farmers induced to feed balanced rations.................................. ...... 212
Stock fed in demonstrations .... .................---..---.... -------- 926
Dairy demonstrations supervised ................................................................ 18
Cows in these demonstrations ...................................................... ........ 39
New cream stations established .......... -------.............. .....----.... 5
New cream routes established ............................................................... .. 3
Dairy breeders' associations established thru agents' influence........ 2
Dairy bull associations established ....... -------....................-----............. 3
Members in these associations -----.................................... -----.......... 127
Bulls in these associations ................... .-........ ..-...................... --.. 8
Cows kept by members ........................................................... ...... 245
Bull associations now in operation----........................ ...................... .......... 4
Beef-Cattle Demonstrations
Registered bulls secured thru agents' influence .....................---------.......... 4
Purebred beef cattle agents assisted in selling ......-................... ........... 9
High-grade cows secured thru agents' influence ...................................... 100
Breeding herds started due to agents' influence ................................... 11
Feeding cattle bought thru agents' influence ...................... ----................ 200
Beef-feeding demonstrations supervised ........................... ............. 2
Cattle in feeding demonstrations .............................................. 65
Beef cattle fed according to methods advocated............................... 1,500

Hog Demonstrations
Registered boars secured thru agents' influence................................... 143
Registered sows secured thru agents' influence----............................... 284
Purebred hogs agents assisted in selling ....................... .................. 1,195
Herds of purebred hogs started ...........................-----------.... .... 98
Hog-feeding demonstrations supervised .......--------........................... 169
Hogs in these demonstrations .............. ---........-. --.-- ...-.---.. 1,451
Farmers who used self-feeders .............................................. ............ 22
Farmers growing grazing crops for hogs .-------------...................... ........... 800
Hogs fed under agents' supervision ................ ----...-....------ ......... 2,666








Florida Cooperative Extension


Poultry Demonstrations
Demonstrations .............................................................. .................... 469
Poultry cared for according to demonstration methods........................ 59,974
Poultry farms that improved methods ..----.. --.......................... ..... 932
Birds on these farms .......-....-........-........... -....................... .. 53,600
Communities that adopted standard breeds ........................................ 60
Flocks culled ....-----.. ----.....---------------............................... 256
Birds in flocks culled ....... --- ------------......................... ........... 18,462
Birds eliminated thru culling.......................................................... .... 4,356
Farmers induced to raise standard-bred poultry--............-................... 243
Demonstrators who practised early hatching..-..-.................................... 114
New poultry houses built -....----.. ---............................ .............. 68
Poultry houses remodeled................................ ......... .................... 83

Fertilizer and Manure Demonstrations
Farmers who consulted agents regarding fertilizers............................ 5,739
Fertilizer demonstrations conducted ........................................... ...... 713
Acreage in these demonstrations----............................................................. 15,936
Fertilizers used on demonstrations (tons)............................................... 7,342
Communities influenced to buy fertilizers cooperatively........................ 163
Fertilizer bought cooperatively (tons).................................................... 7,879
Value fertilizer so bought ............................ .............................. $231,532.48
Amount saved by so buying.......................................................... $ 52,344.31
Farmers who home-mixed fertilizers........................................................ 471
Tons home-mixed-.......... ------...... .... ..---. ........... ......... ... .................. 814
Saved to farmers (each ton)-- ........ .................................... $6.79
Farmers who utilized farm manures ........................ ............... ... 978
Farmers who provided manure sheds ................................................. 145
Farmers who composted farm manures................................................... 495
M anure spreaders secured............................................ ...................... 19
Farmers mixing phosphate with farm manure........................................ 449

Lime Demonstrations
Dem onstrators .......................... ..................-................. 249
Acres in lime dem onstrations........................................................................ 1,185
Quantity of limestone used (tons)............................... ......................... 2,665
Farms where soil was tested for acidity................................................... 172

Miscellaneous Citrus Report, County Agent Work
Citrus properties visited--.......----... .......---....- ------......................... 5,200
Citrus properties upon which extension work was conducted............ 1,808
Acreage these properties ..........----........-.................................................... 31,464
Citrus properties where extension programs were carried out............ 1,166
Land owners visited before setting citrus.............................................. 286
Growers who consulted agents before planting........................................ 1,109
Money saved growers by fertilizer recommendations of agents.... $2,143.50
Demonstrations to control scab .......................... .....-------- -- --- 111
Demonstrations to control melanose ....................................................... 77
Demonstrations to control withertip -----.........................- ............... 24
Demonstrations to control foot rot.................................. .................... 42
Demonstrations to control dieback or frenching.................................... 266
Dem onstrations to control scale.............................................. ................. 407
Demonstrations to control whitefly............................... .................. 368
Demonstrations to control rust mite................................................. 260
Demonstrations to control other insect pests-----......................... ............. 20

Farm and Farmstead Improvements
(Things Done With Agents' Assistance and Advice)
Buildings erected .................--.... ----... ................ 338
Farm buildings improved .......................... .------- --- .... 342








Annual Report, 1922 27

New building plans furnished ---............................-----............ 33
Farm buildings painted or whitewashed .......................-.....-----............. 610
Home water systems installed -----..-...-........................................ 141
Home lighting systems installed ....----............................. ................ 152
Home grounds improved ..................---................. ............ ...... 986
Sanitary conditions improved ................................... ...................... 1,314
Homes screened against mosquitoes .............................................. ..... 255
Sanitary privies erected -....--.--. --- ----............................. 47
Sewage disposal systems installed .....---.............................................. 100
New pastures established ........................ ......................................... ..... 141
Acres new pastures established ................................................... .... 2,443
Drainage systems planned .................................... .......... .................. 33
A cres drained ..................................... .. ....... ...................................... 11,374
Farmers who removed stumps ..............--------:......................................... 189
A cres stum ped ........................................................ ................................. 2,451
Farmers who terraced land ................................ ...................... ...... 130
Acres terraced .--......................................................... 4,894
Home gardens planted or improved ....................................... ......... 520
Farmers who planted cover crops .................................................... 1,108
New implements and tools bought .............. ....................................... 3,340

Livestock Diseases and Pests
Cattle tested for disease ................................................. .. 5,934
Hogs treated .............--......................................... 34,095
Horses treated ............................. .............. ........... 160

Silos
Silos constructed .... .--------..............................-......... .............. .... 11
Silos in counties employing county agents ........................................... 240







Florida Cooperative Extension


REPORT OF E. W. JENKINS, DISTRICT AGENT,
SOUTH AND CENTRAL FLORIDA

Territory.-During the fiscal year ending June 30, 1922, this
district included the counties of Alachua, Marion, Citrus, Her-
nando, Pasco, Hillsborough, Polk, Osceola, Orange, Lake, Man-
atee, Lee and DeSoto.
County Appropriations.-On July 1 the appropriation in Citrus
County was cut off and the work discontinued. The county com-
missioners of Levy County made an appropriation for the work
and an agent was placed in that county on November 1. The
total appropriation for the work made by the counties from this
district was $32,530.
Farm Organization.-There are several types of organization
in the district thru which the farmers work and cooperate;
namely, the Farm Bureau, the Farmers Union and the Citrus
Exchange. These organizations aid in creating a spirit of social
cooperation and activity but the main work accomplished thru
them was in marketing. A large portion of truck and other
crops was sold thru one or more of these organizations. A large
amount of the farmers' supplies were purchased cooperatively.
The success obtained thru these organizations in marketing
crops and purchasing supplies helped greatly in spreading the
spirit of cooperation among farmers and growers.
Club Work.-There was more club work done in Alachua
County than in any other county of this district. Of the 137


FIG. 3.-Club boys learning to make bluestone paste which, when applied
to the recut stems of watermelons, prevents stem-end rot







Annual Report, 1922


boys enrolled in club work in this county, practically all com-
pleted their year's work. In August the county agent held a
club camp to which the boys who had made the best records
were taken. Twenty-five boys from this county were given
scholarships to the boys' short course at the University of Flor-
ida in June. In other counties the usual interest was maintained
in club work.
Special Activities.-A series of field meetings were held in each
citrus county in the district. Specialists in the control of citrus
diseases and insects and cultivation attended these meetings
with the county and district agents. These men were equipped
with binoculars, microscopes and hand lenses and other equip-
ment with which to instruct the growers. The meetings were
held in the groves where it was possible to direct attention to
the immediate needs of the trees. Growers have expressed their
appreciation of this method of work. As a result of it, the grow-
ers in several counties grouped themselves together into com-
munity citrus organizations. They have met once a month to
discuss their problems, and have been assisted by the county
agents and specialists.
The work begun last year in dairying has been emphasized in
several of the counties, with satisfactory results. (For informa-
tion on this work, see the extension dairyman's report.)
Crops.-Besides assisting in growing and marketing staple
crops and performing the organized work with the citrus
growers mentioned above, county agents gave valuable as-
sistance in fertilizing, spraying, cultivating and marketing
citrus and truck crops. Agents in many instances put on demon-
strations for the control of different diseases and insects and
in fertilizing and cultivating groves. These were used from
time to time as object lessons for the surrounding growers.
Much help was given truckers by showing them the method and
value of sterilizing seed and seedbeds. Also valuable assistance
was given by showing them methods of grading and packing
their truck for the market.
In two counties efforts were made to interest the farmers
in growing the Big Stem Jersey sweet potato for early market.
Some of these potatoes were set early and others late. The
early potatoes made a good yield, usually running from 45 to 60
barrels to the acre, and the prices received were very satisfac-
tory. The later setting was put out just at the beginning of a
long dry spell and the yield was very much reduced.






Florida Cooperative Extension


The agent of Alachua County had a number of demonstrations
in the use of land plaster on peanuts. The variety of nuts grown
was the Virginia Bunch. No definite figures are available at
this time but the yield was greatly increased by the use of land
plaster.
Livestock.-County agents gave farmers assistance in buying
and selling livestock and in the control of diseases. Special
emphasis was placed on the growing of feed for pastures and
giving better care to farm animals. A number of good dairy
cattle were purchased and shipped into the district for the
farmers.
Poultry.-Assisted by the poultry specialist, the agents in-
terested the farmers in giving more time and attention to poultry
work. Help was given in selecting proper locations for poultry
plants, in culling flocks, correct feeding and in making their
yards sanitary.
Marketing.-Reports of the county agents show that about
15 percent of their time was devoted to organization and mar-
keting. Each county has one or more organizations which ren-
der valuable assistance in marketing their crops and livestock,
also in the purchase of supplies. One of the greatest savings
was in the purchase of fertilizer cooperatively. The county
agent of Pasco reports the purchase cooperatively of 500 tons
of fertilizer thru farmers' organizations, and a saving thereby
to the growers of $4,000. In Alachua County the county agent
assisted the farmers in purchasing a good portion of their fer-
tilizer cooperatively. Other counties did some work along this
line and in each case the farmers were saved considerable money.
Farm Implements.-There was a large number of improved
farm implements; such as sprayers, tractors, cultivators, mow-
ers and hay presses; purchased during the year, due to the in-
fluence of the county agents.
Meetings.-The meetings held in the district consisted chiefly
of field meetings (mentioned under Special Activities) and farm
bureau meetings. Citrus field meetings were held in Lee, DeSoto,
Manatee, Polk, Hillsborough, Pasco, Lake, Osceola and Orange
Counties. All were well attended by the surrounding growers.
County agents and specialists from the Experiment Station
assisted in holding these meetings,






Annual Report, 1922 31

Fairs and Exhibits.-The county agents of Alachua, Marion,
Levy, Osceola, Manatee and Lee Counties contributed largely to
the success of their county fairs. To the South Florida Fair,
held at Tampa, and the Mid-Winter Fair, held at Orlando,'a
number of counties sent exhibits of their agricultural and horti-
cultural products. These exhibits were largely secured by county
agents.
Statistical Report.-During the year the district agent in
charge of this territory traveled 7,465 miles by rail, 6,141 miles
by automobile, making a total of 13,606 miles; made 98 official
visits to county agents; attended 40 farmers' meetings, which
were attended by 5,530 farm people; and visited 292 farmers.







Florida Cooperative Extension


REPORT OF H. G. CLAYTON, DISTRICT AGENT,
WEST FLORIDA
Territory and Appropriations.-The district embraced in this
report is that part of Florida west of the Suwannee River. At
the end of the year there are county agents in Taylor, Madison,
Jefferson, Wakulla, Liberty, Bay, Walton, Okaloosa, Santa Rosa
and Escambia Counties. During the year Gadsden County
dropped out of the work and Wakulla and Jefferson Counties
came into it. These changes took place in October. The counties
mentioned spent $12,247 for county agent work during 1922.
Farm Organizations.-Probably the most outstanding coop-
erative work done by farm organizations was that done in Es-
cambia, Walton and Madison Counties. This work consisted
principally of the cooperative buying of fertilizers, seed and
fruit trees, and the selling of hogs, potatoes and perishable farm
products. Taylor, Okaloosa and Santa Rosa Counties also did
good work of this nature.
Aside from this buying and selling, farm organizations did
much good work in grading and standardizing farm products, in
putting on exhibits at various community, county and state
fairs, and in getting groups of people to concentrate their efforts
along definite undertakings.
Club Work.-In club work Santa Rosa County stood first.
The agents of this county are to be commended. As a whole,
the quality of club work in the entire district this year was
satisfactory.
The outstanding feature of club work was the inauguration of
cooperative hog sales. The buyers agreed to pay a minimum
price on the initial carlots fed out by club boys with the under-
standing that where not possible to get a full carload fed by
boys the farmers be allowed to bring in enough on the same
basis to finish out the car. This was the basis of the plan, and all
hogs were graded and sold to the highest bidder. The plan was
successful, and in four counties of the district hog sales were
held regularly. More counties have planned to do similar work
next year.
The best ten club breeding pigs at the State Fair were shown
again this year by Madison County, which also furnished the
champion pig club boy of the state (Kenneth McMullen).
Fruit.-During the year approximately one thousand acres
of satsuma oranges were set out in this district, mostly in coun-







Annual Report, 1922


ties west of the Apalachicola river. As this is new with most of
the farmers, the agents devoted much of their time assisting
in this planting. Every effort was made to start these plantings
under favorable conditions.
Pecans, blueberries and sand pears were planted over large
areas during the year, and much assistance was given the farm-
ers by the agents in these enterprises.


Farm Crops.-Corn acre-
age was decreased in this
district this year. That of
sweet potatoes was increas-
ed slightly, due to plant-
ings made for early ship-
ments to northern markets.
The Irish potato acreage
was practically doubled over
that of 1921. The cotton
acreage was largely in-
creased, over half the acre-
age of the state being in
this district. A large in-
crease was made in truck
crop plantings also, but
prices received for truck
were discouraging. With
staple crops getting back
to normal, the indications
are that the acreage to
these will continue to in-
crease, while that to, truck
will decrease.


FIG. 4.-Donald G. McMullen, Madison
County, and his grand champion club
pig. With this pig Donald won the
grand championship and the Wil-
liamson & Dennis scholarship to the
International Livestock Show in Chi-
cago, and, with this and three other
pigs, $512 in cash


Dairy Cattle.-Dairy interest continued to increase this year.
County agents assisted farmers in bringing in 11 registered
bulls, 23 registered cows and heifers and 69 high-grade cows.
The creamery at Tallahassee continued to furnish a market for
sour cream from adjoining counties. The agent in Bay was
successful in helping dairymen in remodeling their barns and
building milk rooms.
Hogs.-Prices for hogs were better than a year ago and
farmers were able to make small profits in most cases. This
created a better feeling among hog raisers. County agents placed






Florida Cooperative Extension


92 purebred boars and 148 purebred gilts and sows among
farmers, which, being done yearly, means constant improvement
in the swine industry. Sales conducted last summer boosted
fall prices, since every car sold in summer meant just one car
less for the fall markets, which are usually glutted.
Poultry.-Farm poultry improved in quality during the year,
county and home demonstration agents being largely responsible
therefore. Many poultry associations were organized and did
much in placing a better grade of poultry on the farms of West
Florida.
Marketing.-County agents of this district assisted farmers
and cooperative organizations in handling 287 carloads of farm
produce and livestock, including watermelons, cantaloupes,
potatoes, corn, cattle and hogs. These sales amounted to $144,-
219 and the farmers saved $6,974 thru them. Over thirty-five
hundred tons of fertilizers and 48,137 fruit trees were purchased
cooperatively by farmers. The total amount of these purchases
was $149,566, and the saving on them $30,981.
Meetings.-Group meetings of county agents were held in
the spring, when each agent submitted an outline or plan of the
work to be done by him during the year. These plans were
studied and discussed by other agents, staff officers and spe-
cialists.
County agents of this district held 42 field meetings this year,
the attendances of which were 3,552. They also took part in
472 meetings of farmers, the attendances of these being 35,484.
They made a total of 12,524 farm visits and received 5,123 calls
at their offices relative to farm work.
Fairs and Exhibits.-County fairs showed a marked improve-
ment over last year, both in quality and quantity of exhibits.
Seven county fairs were held in the district. The club contest
in Santa Rosa County was really a fair in itself. Three counties
exhibited at the State Fair in November.
Statistical Report.-During the year the district agent trav-
eled 17,256 miles by automobile and train. Visits were made to
102 demonstrations. County agents were visited 89 times.
Sixty-three farmers' meetings were attended. He judged live-
stock and other exhibits at eight county fairs and helped to
judge the exhibits at the South Florida Fair. He assisted in
holding club contests in five counties. Assistance was given in
holding six fertilizer schools and four citrus schools in West
Florida.







Annual Report, 1922


REPORT OF S. W. HIATT, DISTRICT AGENT, EAST AND,
NORTHEAST FLORIDA
Territory.-In this territory the following counties are carry-
ing county agent work: Suwannee, Hamilton, Columbia, Duval,
Clay, St. Johns, Putnam, Flagler, Volusia, Seminole, Brevard, St.
Lucie, Palm Beach and Dade.
Appropriations.-Seminole and Columbia Counties came into
the work in October. These 14 counties appropriated $30,940 for
this work. During the year a change was made in the personnel
of agents in Clay and Volusia Counties.
Farm Organizations.-The greatest activity in farmers' or-
ganization work is centered in Suwannee, Columbia, Hamilton,
Palm Beach and Volusia Counties. An organization of potato
growers in St. Johns County was completed. A number of local
community organizations of various character were also created
and are now functioning. The primary object of most farm or-
ganizations has been the cooperative purchase of farm supplies
and the sale of farm products.
Club Work.-The extreme drought of early summer and the
excessive rainfall which followed, were responsible in many coun-
ties for the poor showing
made in club work this
year. The sweet potato club
enrollments were large in
several counties where the
agents planned to market
the crops cooperatively i
early in the season. Be-
cause of the drought, how-
ever, few members were
able to plant their plots as
early as expected.
The fat barrow club FIG. 5.-The 1922 grand champion pig
work in Suwannee and club Duroc. Shown by Lucille Ellis
of Alachua County
Hamilton Counties was
very successful. Besides stimulating interest in preparing hogs
for sale and selling then in summer, this work practically
started the cooperative hog sales in these counties which created
so much attention.
Extensive plans were put under way for increasing the scope
and interest in club work in this district. Club camps were held
in Duval and Suwannee Counties.






Florida Cooperative Extension


Special Activities.-Under this head should be mentioned the
establishment of cooperative hog sales in Suwannee and Hamilton
Counties; a corn weevil campaign in Hamilton County which re-
sulted in the saving of thousands of bushels of corn; a corn grow-
ing contest in Duval County where one farmer produced 105 1-8
bushels under the direction of the county agent; the improve-
ment of dairies in St. Johns County; the organization of two
community bull associations in Flagler County; the organization
of the potato growers in the Hastings section; an educational
campaign for the production-of better citrus fruit in St. Lucie
County; the organization of the truck growers in the Everglades
area of Palm Beach County; and the construction of a $30,000
city market building in Miami to take the place of the curb
market. In carrying out these things the county agents were
instrumental and helpful.
Crops.-The acreage in corn in the northern counties suffered
a slight reduction; the cotton acreage increased with a fair yield.
Boll-weevil control measures were stressed and farmers carrying
out demonstrations with the agents were more than pleased
with results. The peanut acreage was reduced and only a small
amount harvested with the result that prices are advancing rap-
idly with an increased demand for seed for next year's plantings.
Plans for a considerable acreage of sweet potatoes for early mar-
ket were interfered with by the spring drought and only a few
sections were able to market in June and July. These, however,
brought very satisfactory prices.
There was a heavy planting of Irish potatoes and a good yield
over most of the potato area. Low prices and heavy expenses,
however, caused general dissatisfaction and brought little profit
to the grower. Much the same thing can be said of the water-
melon and cucumber crops. There was a heavy crop of toma-
toes on the lower East Coast and prices ranged somewhat lower
than usual. There has been considerable increases in the pine-
apple acreages in St. Lucie and Palm Beach Counties. The cit-
rus crop showed up well, altho an extended spring drought caused
the shedding of much fruit. High water in the Everglades did
considerable damage to avocado groves. Increased interest was
shown in the production of improved varieties of mangoes.
Dairying.-Interest in dairy work increased. Many dairy cat-
tle were purchased from outside the state. Dade, Palm Beach,







Annual Report, 1922


Suwannee and Duval county agents reported the purchase of 31
registered and 803 high-grade dairy cattle.
There were marked improvements in the methods of handling
milk and general dairy sanitation on a number of dairy farms.
Demands for milk produced under sanitary conditions are and
have been increasing, and the better class of dairymen had little
trouble in disposing of their milk during the summer, which is
usually a slack season in Florida.
The establishment of several icecream factories helped to'solve
the problem of surplus milk during the summer months.
The carrying of a few good cows on the general farm and the
selling of sour cream were advocated and started in a small way
in Suwannee and Columbia Counties with satisfactory results.
Continued efforts were made to interest farmers in permanent
pastures.
Hogs.-Altho the depressed condition of the hog market had
a tendency to discourage this industry, thru the efforts of the
county agents more hogs were marketed during the spring and
summer months than ever before. This opened up to the farmer
a source of revenue from this industry at a season when demand
and prices were higher than at the usual period of marketing,
providing an income when most needed on the general farm.
Poultry.-County agents rendered all the assistance possible
in poultry work. Better breeding, feeding, housing, culling and
marketing are problems which received considerable time and at-
tention from county and home demonstration agents.
Marketing.-In the general farming sections of the district
considerable progress was made in the cooperative marketing of
farm products and the purchasing of certain farm supplies.
County agents' reports of the results of this cooperative work
show that farmers were saved $44,721 during the year. In the
citrus and trucking regions markets are pretty well established.
There are, however, a few sections where efforts will be made
next year to better existing market conditions.
Farm Implements.-Many improved farm implements were
purchased this year. In addition to the ordinary farm tools
county agents reported the purchase in this district of 24 tract-
ors, 90 motor trucks and 64 spraying machines.
Meetings.-A number of farmers' meetings were held in the
various counties under the supervision of the county agents, as-
sisted in some instances by specialists. In addition to meetings







38 Florida Cooperative Extension

held by the farm bureau and other farmers' organizations, citrus
and poultry meetings were held and points of general interest
along these lines discussed with good results.
Fairs and Exhibits.-Seven county fairs, one state fair and
several community fairs were held in this district during the
year. Ten counties exhibited at either the State Fair or at the
South Florida Fair. Every effort possible was put forth to make
these fairs and exhibits educational and of benefit to the farmer
and grower. In scoring the displays great stress was laid on
quality, uniformity and marketability, following as near as pos-
sible the United States standard of grade and pack.
Statistics.-During the year in the execution of his duties,
the district agent traveled by rail 11,158 miles and by automo-
bile 3,053 miles, a total of 14,211 miles; made 104 visits to coun-
ties in his district; made 132 visits to county agents; attended 72
meetings, the total attendances of which were 5,944; and judged
the agricultural exhibits of ten fairs.







Annual Report, 1922


REPORT OF R. W. BLACKLOCK, BOYS' CLUB AGENT

Corn Club.-As over half of the cultivated acres in Florida is
planted to corn, the corn club is the most important in this work.
The high cost of fertilizer and the low price of corn induced mem-
bers to reduce the amount of fertilizer used this year. Therefore,
there was a decrease in the average acre yield. This decrease
would have been much greater but for the gradual improvement
in the quality of seed used by the boys.
Sweet Potato Club.-This club proved to be one of the most
profitable, financially. Yields were good and the crop was pro-
duced at a cost which assured the members a fair profit in practi-
cally every case.
Peanut Club.-The importance of this club is not well estab-
lished, because it was difficult to secure reports from members
since the nuts were not picked from the vines in time to report at
the county contests. However, it is known that considerable
profits were made by the boys.
The Pig Club has not recovered from the big slump in prices
of two years ago. There was a decided trend away from hog
raising after prices dropped, and this was shown very clearly in
the pig club enrollment this year. Farmers and boys and girls
are again becoming interested in the pig club. Those members
who stayed thru the hard times made a little profit, but many
became discouraged and quit with a loss.
Fat Barrow Club.-This club promises to be the most popular
of the livestock clubs. The boys and girls are coming to realize
that the average farmer must produce pork and not breeding
stock. The cost of producing the pork hog is much less and the
profit is much more certain than with the breeding animal.
The fat barrow clubs were in Hamilton, Suwannee, Taylor,
Madison and Okaloosa Counties, and demonstrated the profit the
farmer can make by feeding out pigs for the May market. In
these counties 11 carloads were marketed cooperatively in May.
These were the first cooperative sales in several counties. The
farmers were so well pleased that about twenty-five cars were
sold cooperatively in September and October.
This demonstration by the club boys will help materially to
distribute the marketing of Florida hogs thruout the year. Form-
merly nearly all hogs went to market in the fall and winter
months when prices are always lowest.







Florida Cooperative Extension


The Club Camp has become a part of the year's work in many
counties. This recreational feature has proved so popular that
once tried in a county it has never been abandoned. The boys
and girls look forward to the camp as one of the big things of the
year.
While the club camp is primarily recreational in its object,
enough practical instruction is given to send each member back
to his or her home with new ideas for the betterment of the
farm and home.
Boys' Short Course.-The annual short course is the most im-
portant event of the club year. A scholarship to this course is
the grand prize in each county supporting club work.
Heretofore, the short course has been held in December, im-
mediately following the State Fair. Bringing the boys to the
University of Florida in December takes them from school and
away from home at an inopportune time. Crowded conditions
at the University make it impossible to properly house the boys
during the college year. For these reasons the time for the
short course was changed from December to the week following
the close of the school year. The dormitories and dining hall
are available then and the agricultural faculty has time to help
instruct the boys.
One hundred of the county club champions were present this
year. There were eight groups and each was instructed in eight
subjects. In place of class-room instruction, the boys were taken
to the college and station farms for instruction and practice
work. In the grass work, instruction was given in planting
permanent pasture; the boys set out a strip of grass on one of
the permanent pastures of the college farm. This plan was car-
ried out in all subjects and each boy received practice in doing
eight things of practical value on a farm.
Courses were given in farm machinery, budding and grafting,
establishing permanent pastures, preparing livestock for show,
preparing and applying the bluestone paste treatment for stem-
end rot of watermelons, mixing feeds, culling chickens and prac-
tical veterinary work. Inspirational talks, educational motion
picture films and plenty of sports were added to give the boys a
good time.
State Club Exhibits.-Two state exhibits of club work were
made, one in the South Florida Fair at Tampa and one in the
State Fair at Jacksonville. The exhibit at Tampa was for the







Annual Report, 1922


crop clubs only, while at the State Fair 63 club pigs were shown
in addition to the farm crops exhibits.
In the pig club exhibit, Madison County again won first prize
and Alachua second. In open competition against the breeders,
a pig club boy won a champion pen and champion barrow in the
Poland-Chinas.
Educational Prizes.-It has seemed advisable to make club
prizes of educational value as far as possible. Money as a prize
has not given as satisfactory results as the same amount spent
either as a scholarship or for an educational trip. The smaller
prizes are usually in the form of scholarships to the boys' short
course at the University of Florida. One hundred of these schol-
arships were given in 1922. The larger prizes are scholarships
to the College of Agriculture, University of Florida. It is inter-
esting to note that every club member attending the College of
Agriculture on a club scholarship has passed his college work
creditably. Thru these scholarships the club work each year
is able to give four boys a chance to secure college training in
agriculture.
Thru the boys' club work, two club boys and two county agents
are given a trip each year to Chicago to visit the International
Livestock Show. This trip gives these men and boys a chance
to see the best beef cattle, hogs and horses in America. Trips
are taken to big packing plants, mail order houses, museums and
other interesting places in Chicago.
Patrons of Club Work.-The moral and financial support given
club work by the public is increasing yearly. Newspapers and
banks and public officials are giving better support. The amount
of money contributed for prizes this year was larger than in 1921.
The following stand out among the friends of club work who
showed their appreciation by gifts of money for scholarships
and educational trips:
Williamson & Dennis, one of the pioneer livestock commission
firms of the state, contributes annually $250 to be used as a
scholarship to the College of Agriculture, University of Florida.
This scholarship is awarded to the pig club member showing the
grand champion breeding pig in the pig club exhibit at the Flor-
ida State Fair. In addition to the scholarship this firm gave a
price guarantee which enabled the demonstration thru club work,
of the profit to be made from feeding pigs for the May market.






Florida Cooperative Extension


Mr. Dennis also sold the club barrows exhibited at the State Fair,
securing the boys an exceptionally high price for their stock.
The Florida Bankers' Association continued their practice of
giving three $100 scholarships to the College of Agriculture.
These scholarships are awarded, one to South Florida, one to
West Florida and one to Central Florida, to the club boy in the
respective districts standing highest in a competitive examina-
tion.
The Model Land Company of St. Augustine gave a scholarship
to the boys' short course for each of the counties thru which the
Florida East Coast Railroad passes.
Armour & Company of Chicago offered two trips to the Inter-
national Livestock Show at Chicago, valued at $140 each. One
trip was given to the state champion in the corn club and one
to the pig club member showing the grand champion club bar-
row at the State Fair.
The Florida State Fair Association offers large premiums in
the club department and is anxious to help promote a big state
club exhibit. The Fair Association has set aside one-half of a
large swine barn for the boys' pig club.
The South Florida Fair is assisting in building up a good club
exhibit for South Florida and has increased its club prem-
iums. For the 1923 fair this association is offering more money
for boys' club work.
The banks, business men, boards of county commissioners
and county fair associations thruout the state gave freely for
the support of club work and for premiums at the county con-
tests.
State Champions.-Don Miley of Hillsborough County repeated
his 1920 achievement by winning championship honors in the
corn club. He grew 101 bushels of corn on his acre at a cost of
17 cents a bushel and won the Armour & Company trip to the
International Livestock Show.
Virgil Parker of Gadsden County holds state honors in the
sweet potato club by producing 81.75 bushels of sweet potatoes on
an eighth (1-8) of an acre, which is at the rate of 654 bushels
to the acre. He produced his potatoes at a cost of 14 cents a
bushel.
Paul Bernath of Santa Rosa County won the championship in
the peanut club. He grew 95 bushels of Valencia peanuts on his
club acre at a cost of 25 1-2 cents a bushel.







Annual Report, 1922


Daniel G. McMullen of Madison County has the distinction of
being the first club boy in Florida to win two state championships
in one year. This boy showed the grand champion club pig in
the breeding class at the Florida State Fair, and won the Wil-
liamson & Dennis scholarship to the College of Agriculture.
He also showed the grand champion club barrow, and won the
Armour & Company trip to Chicago. In addition, he won
champion pen and champion barrow in open competition with















FIG. 6.-Dairy enthusiasts. Club boys attending the annual club short
course at the University of Florida having explained to them the
mechanism of a milking machine

his pen of Poland-China club barrows. And his club pig was
second prize senior boar pig among the Poland-Chinas. Taking
the money value of all his prizes this boy won $512 on his four
club pigs at the Florida State Fair. He had won a scholarship
to the boys' short course and over $30 in cash at his county fair.
Santa Rosa County was the banner county in corn club and
sweet potato club work. Madison County stood first in the pig
club and Alachua first in the peanut club. St. Johns County had
the best Irish potato club in the state, and it also had the best
organized boys' club work in Florida.
Marvin Brooker of Alachua County, Alvin Walden of Walton
County and Paul Robertson of St. Lucie County won the three
scholarships to the College of Agriculture offered by the Flor-
ida Bankers' Association.






Florida Cooperative Extension


REPORT OF JOHN M. SCOTT, EXTENSION ANIMAL
INDUSTRIALIST

The work of the animal industrialist for the year ending may
be divided as follows:
(1) The distribution of grasses and forage crops.
(2) Advising farmers and dairymen thru county agents and
by correspondence.
(3) Attending farmers' meetings and making personal visits
to farmers on their farms.
The distribution of grasses included Bahia, Napier, Golden
Beard, Giant Bermuda, Kudzu, Centipede, Para, Carpet, Vasey
and Kikuyu.
To sum up, grasses, seed, or live plants have been sent to 70
farmers in 27 counties of the state. Those who know of the
necessity of getting more and better pasture grasses established
can realize the importance of this wide distribution of these new
and promising grasses.
One of the greatest needs of the livestock and dairy industries
of Florida is better pastures. These better pastures can be had
only by persistent trials of the best grasses that can be found.
One other new feature that has suggested itself and that is
being tried out in this phase of extension work is the establish-
ment of a "grass garden" along the side of one of the main high-
ways leading to Gainesville. The idea of this grass garden is to
plant out ten or twelve of the most promising grasses near the
highway to encourage the interest of the farmers and stockmen
in improving their pastures. In this way it is hoped to con-
vince many people that better pasture grasses can be developed
on the various types of Florida soil.
A public-spirited citizen was assisted in selecting a location
for a grass garden. His idea was to plant out a number of
grasses near the public highway, where the public would have
an opportunity to see them growing. He was assisted in select-
ing a location as well as furnished material for planting the plots.
The animal industrialist had a place on the program of the
short course for club boys of the school for farmers, known as
Farmers' Week, and of the annual meeting of county agents, all
of which took place on the campus of the University of Florida.






Annual Report, 1922 45

A special livestock course or program was arranged by him for
Farmers' Week.
A great deal of time was taken up answering correspondence
in regard to the feeding and management of all kinds of livestock
especially dairy cattle and hogs.
Much time was given to farmers' meetings and spent in con-
sultations with the county agents and farmers of Alachua, Ma-
rion and Suwannee Counties.






Florida Cooperative Extension


REPORT OF. ED L. AYERS, ENTOMOLOGIST-PLANT
PATHOLOGIST

On May 1, 1922, shortly after starting to work, there was a
serious outbreak of citrus canker at Davie, Broward County, and
this specialist was assigned to that section to assist in the citrus
canker work. Upon being relieved from this work, on July 20,
a number of meetings and short courses were attended, most of
them being either in Gainesville or Tallahassee. It was, there-
fore, along toward fall before actual field work was begun.
The outstanding problems in extension entomology and plant
pathology were the control of insects and diseases of potatoes,
watermelons, cucumbers and citrus fruits. Aside from this, in a
more limited way, some insect and disease control work was
done on vegetables and deciduous fruits.
A survey was made last spring of the potato fields of St. Johns
and Putnam Counties, and it was found in some instances that
yields were below what they should have been. The principal
disease responsible for a decrease in yield seemed to have been
late blight. It was apparent that the average spraying meas-
ures used were not adequate, and that spraying had not always
been done effectively. The low yield was, in some instances,
also laid to a poor type of seed, which was reported to have been
received last season. The seed were reported to have been of
long spindling type rather than the typical Rose No. 4 which
seems best adapted to the section under consideration. Another
element of uncertainty in the last crop was the measuring of re-
sults from dusting as compared with spraying. A few growers
had taken up dusting with copper-lime dust as a substitute for
bordeaux spray for late blight. No definite check could be made
of this work and attributed good results probably were due in
some instances to seasonal conditions and lack of development of
the disease. It is planned that this work shall be started early
next season and thus, by the inspection of seed, seed treatment
and definite spraying demonstrations, to assist the growers to
economically and effectively control the disease and insect pests
of their crops.
The principal disease of watermelon and cucumbers in this
state is anthracnose. A number of meetings for anthracnose
control were held and considerable interest was aroused and help
given. This work should be continued and enlarged next year.
While most interest and effort were centered in diseases, the






Annual Report, 1922


melon aphis, the melon worm and the pickle worm were found to
be very serious pests, and they should be included in the sched-
ule of work for next season. The melon and cucumber growers
are being organized in some sections of the state and meetings
will be held in conjunction with county agents next year in an
effort to insure greater returns from spraying.
Citrus Problems.-The citrus fruit growers of the state are
vitally concerned in the control of insect pests and diseases.
County agents have worked with individuals and groups.and will
endeavor to have more organizations in the future, in order to
meet the increased demands on their time and services. Definite
effort was made by many of them to teach the growers to iden-
tify insects and diseases. This office cooperated with the agents
in holding a number of field meetings, the same ranging from
one hour to one day in duration. Magnifying glasses were car-
ried along and the growers were actually taught how to identify
and to combat citrus diseases and insects.
In many groves unusual development of melanose is notice-
able. An effort is being made to carry the effective work on
this disease of the plant pathologist of the Experiment Station
to the growers themselves. There were instances where proper
spraying produced fruit almost free of melanose markings, thus
increasing the profit of such groves to several thousand dollars
over the check plots of unsprayed fruit in the same grove.
Either of the projects mentioned above could easily absorb the
entire time of one or more men, and the subtropical climate of
Florida, together with the large range of crops, insures a greater
field for insect and plant disease study than any other state. Field
meetings proved unusually successful and their number should
be increased next year.






Florida Cooperative Extension


REPORT OF N. W. SANBORN, POULTRY SPECIALIST
This, the fifth report of the extension poultry specialist, is for
the months of July-December, 1922, and for two short trips made
in June, 1922.
Division of Time.-Most of the time was given to work in the
field with county agents. One week was devoted to the annual
gathering of the boys' club conference, two weeks to the annual
poultry short course, over a week to the annual conference of
county agents in September, several days to Farmers' Week in
August, and eleven days to the State Fair in Jacksonville. The
pressure of increasing numbers of letters from poultrymen and
women required that more time be spent in the office. More vis-
itors came to the office for personal conference than in former
years. All of this necessarily had to be done at the expense of
time that should have been spent in the field.
Two new leaflets, "Manson's Eye Worm" and "Profitable Egg
Production," as well as a blue print of "A Florida Laying House,"
were written.
Less attention was given to the culling of flocks than in previ-
ous years, and more time was given to urging that better breed-
ing stock be used. Culling in former years increased the breed-
ing qualities of the poultry in the state. Because of that culling
of former years, less mongrel and cross-bred stock is found in
Florida poultry yards today. Culling, therefore, has reached a
very fine point, the weighing of the good and bad of purebred
individuals.
Poultry Policies of Extension Workers.-The poultry specialist
endeavored to further the recommendations of the county and
home demonstration agents, which were made at their annual
conference in September, 1922. The recommendations that
were stressed particularly are as follows:
"Demonstrate the value of purebred poultry by the introduc-
tion of purebred birds or purebred settings of eggs.
"Cull flocks by (a) selection of eggs for setting, (b) discarding
weaker birds, and (c) discarding non-layers.
"Emphasize the importance of dry-mash feeding by the hopper
method.
"Use feeding formulas recommended by the College of Agri-
culture, University of Florida.
"Encourage fall hatching to produce winter fryers.







Annual Report, 1922


FIG. 7.-Studying the fine points of the hen


"Where practical, market products cooperatively.
"Grade eggs to comply with the demands of the best markets.
"Produce infertile eggs except when needed for hatching.
"Make better use of daily and weekly newspapers, county and
state fairs, and urge larger attendance at all poultry meetings in
the county.
"Encourage the adoption of the standard Florida poultry house
as recommended by the College of Agriculture, University of
Florida, with such modifications as necessary to meet local con-
ditions."

Progress Evident.-There has been a general improvement in
the quality of poultry in the state for the last five years. Utility
and fancy poultry breeders are getting together in their aims,
purposes and efforts. The last three years saw farm flocks
brought nearer to standard quality, while men met at shows ap-
peared more interested in larger egg production. Farmers are
more insistent on the use of better males and many used nothing
except standard-bred stock in their matings. There was an in-







50 Florida Cooperative Extension

crease in average egg production, on farm and in backyard, as
well as in rearing chickens for early maturity.
The number of poultry in Florida could be doubled easily, and
the number of eggs produced could be increased by 300 percent,
and still the state would be unable to meet the demands of its own
markets for live poultry and fresh eggs. The growth of the
state calls for more and better poultry and for more and better
eggs. The work of the last year was directed toward meeting
those calls.

Statistical Summary below will give an idea of the extent of
the work done:
Miles traveled by rail and boat..................................... 7,091
Miles traveled by automobile.................................................. 1,391
Meetings attended ...................................................... 119
Attendance at meetings ............-------- ..... ............................... 5,834
Poultry shows judged ... ............................ ............ 4
Backyard flocks visited ........................ ...................... 65
Farm flocks visited ................................ ............ 43
Culling demonstrations ....................... ..................... 22
Conferences in office ........................... .......... .......... 62
Letters written ............................... ... ......... ......... ... 1,060
Bulletins mailed .................................................. 1,384
"Office hours" in county agents' offices.............................. 6
Conferences during these "office hours" ............................. 216







Annual Report, 1922


REPORT OF HAMLIN L. BROWN, DAIRY SPECIALIST
The work of the dairy specialist began November 1, 1921. The
work and the agent being new to the state, it was necessary for
him to make a survey of conditions, to become acquainted with
county agents, and to familiarize himself with the foremost dairy
problems of the state.
Methods of Work.-In this work the county agents were the
leaders in their respective counties, and the work was carried on
thru the agents in counties employing agents. It is intended,
after the work is well under way, to form dairy organizations in
all counties and to combine the work in counties that have similar
problems.
Improvement of Dairy Animals on the Farm.-With cattle tick
infestation in all but four counties and a large number of dairy
animals on the open range, the improvement of the dairy indus-
try was undertaken principally by practicing the slogan, "Elimi-
nate scrub sires and replace with purebreds that have outstand-
ing production records."
The county agent of Gadsden County got actual reports of 120
scrub bulls that were eliminated from the free range in that
county. In two weeks 50 scrub bulls were eliminated in Madison
County. In Dade a campaign was organized to replace every
scrub bull with a registered bull. This should be accomplished
within a year. Other counties started similar work. Many
purebred sires were purchased by individual dairymen. It is
proposed to organize cooperative bull associations in 'the near
future.
Suwannee County introduced a number of grade heifer calves,
which is a more direct method of dairy improvement. St. Johns
and Columbia Counties took definite steps to organize calf clubs
as a part of their farm bureau program, cooperating with ex-
tension workers.
Improved Methods of Feeding.-Commercial dairies, in fact
all dairies, have problems in feeding. A program to make bet-
ter use of staple southern-grown feeds, as cottonseed meal, pea-
nut meal, cornmeal, cane and cane silage with the legume hays,
has been the greatest need. St. Johns County dairymen secured
this year good results by eliminating beet pulp and wheat shorts
and substituting southern feeds mentioned above. Dairymen of
Palm Beach and Suwannee Counties got striking results by using






Florida Cooperative Extension


mineral mixtures in their feeds. Efforts were made to work out
programs for supplying green pasture the year around in five
counties.
Marketing Dairy Products.-The development of farm dairy-
ing in Florida was a major project of extension work this year.
By reason of climatic conditions here, it is not practical to pro-
duce butter on the farm in competition with the production of
creamery butter. From six to eight months of the year-in
summer-there is a surplus of sweet milk, particularly on the
small dairy farm. The logical market for the Florida farmer is
a creamery or butter factory conveniently located, whereby he
can market his cream three times a week, and keep his skimmilk
on the farm to feed to calves, pigs and chickens. Work of this
nature was started in several counties during the year and many
farmers reported very satisfactory results.
Present conditions indicate that within the next two years
Florida will have eight to ten creameries in operation, a suf-
ficient number to take care of farm dairy development for some
years in the future.
The Hernando Cooperative Dairy Company built a new plant
this year. This new plant is equipped to manufacture butter,
ice cream and other by-products, which means that the surplus
milk supply of the farmers in summer can be utilized to their
advantage. This new arrangement enlarges the field of opera-
tion of the creamery.
There are milk plants at Brooksville, Tallahassee, Ocala and
West Palm Beach. These were organized as stock companies
with the exception of Brooksville, which originally was a cooper-
atively-owned plant. It was recently converted into a stock
corporation. The milk plants were built to furnish farmers
with a market for their milk, same to be marketed as pasteurized
milk, icecream and chocolate milk, principally. The Tallahassee
and Brooksville plants installed butter-making equipment,
planning to develop farm dairying. The West Palm Beach plant
is in a position to add this department when conditions warrant.
The handling of sweet milk under Florida's varying market con-
ditions is hazardous, even with experienced managers supplied
with the necessary capital.
Dade and Palm Beach Counties established a standard of
grades for milk and are marketing their milk on quality stan-
dards. This proved successful in eliminating the unfair competi-







Annual Report, 1922


tion of the low grade milk with the best milk, which is the case
when all milk is sold as "just milk" and at the same price. In
addition this plan was an incentive to the farmers to produce bet-
ter milk.
St. Johns County dairymen, in cooperation with their county
agent, formed an organization and greatly improved their milk
houses and dairy barns. This, of course, raised the standard
of the milk produced. It also resulted in increased consumption.
Improved Business Methods.-Cattle tick infestation and the
difficulty of replacing the culls or boarder cows with high-produc-
ing animals greatly interfered this year with the organization
of cow testing associations. Next year it should be possible to
start the organization of such associations. Several purebred
herds in the state did advanced registry work this year. How-
ever, the development of such work will be limited, necessarily,
until the cattle tick has been eradicated.
Statistical Report.-The extension dairy agent did cooperative
work in 20 counties; made 102 official visits to county agents;
attended 97 farmers' meetings, the attendance of which reached
3,838; and traveled 19,273 miles during 1922.






Florida Cooperative Extension


REPORT OF SARAH W. PARTRIDGE, STATE HOME DEM-
ONSTRATION AGENT

Staff.-The staff of home demonstration work consists of the
state agent, assistant state agent, two district agents, four sub-
ject matter specialists, 28 home demonstration agents and the
clerical force. At present there are 50 persons under appoint-
ment in this branch of extension work in Florida.
Maintenance and Training Personnel.-In providing for the
support of the work in the counties the state, assistant state and
district agents help to secure appropriations from boards of
county commissioners and school commissioners. In July, Aug-
ust and September these boards make up their annual budgets.
Appropriations have been made by 33 counties for the work in
1923.
An agent appointed to a county must be mutually acceptable
to the cooperating county and this office. This office assumes
responsibility for the general supervision of the work in each
county. Assistance is given in developing county organizations
and working programs, in furnishing subject matter and in
helping train leaders.
Specialists in poultry, home dairying, conservation and nutri-
tion are responsible for the development of these projects in the
state. The assistant state and district agents frequently func-
tion as subject matter specialists.
Individual Work.-Each individual club member enrolled in
home demonstration work undertakes to complete at least one
home problem a year, working under the direction of her agent.
No enrollment is made until work is established.
The junior enrollment this year consisted of 5,457 juniors,
made up of 5,150 girls and 307 boys. These juniors undertook
10,817 projects and completed 7,563, or 62 percent of those
started.
The adult enrollment was made up of 4,631 women and 162
men, totaling 4,793. They undertook 5,821 projects.
The following figures from work in 28 counties are given to
show the direct personal contacts between home demonstration
agents and the people whom they serve:
Juniors Adults Total
Members visited ....................... 6,759 6,120 12,839
Office consultations ............................ 8,105
Contacts with individuals ..................... 20,954







Annual Report, 1922 55

The fact that the number of visits to juniors and adults is so
nearly identical suggests that junior and adult club members are
frequently found in the same home.

Organized Clubs.-Adult demonstrators enroll for a monthly
study at club meetings and for the promotion of community pro-
grams of work. Subject matter used in the programs is fur-
nished from the state office. A statistical report on organized
clubs follows:
Clubs for girls ..................... ................. ........... 404
Clubs for boys .......... .............. ............ .. ................. 25
Total ......................... ............. .. ................ ..... 429
Clubs for wom en .................................. .. .................... 151
Clubs for men ............... ...................... .................. 8
Total ............. ................. ....................... .......... 159
Junior clubs (of girls and boys) gave 49 entertainments for
the purpose of raising funds to promote their local programs,
the proceeds of which amounted to $1,400.25. Women's clubs
raised $2,390 to carry out their programs of work.
Significant of the group work are the following figures:
Total clubs in 28 counties ................................... .....- 688
Total club meetings ................................... 2,733
Total attendances ................................-.................43,439
Demonstration lectures given .................................. 6,650
Local Leaders.-Organized clubs have served to develop a
spirit of leadership among club members. Presidents and oth-
ers who serve as local leaders are given special training in leader-
ship. One hundred seventeen leadership schools were held dur-
ing the year; and 119 leaders were trained for junior work and
70 for adult work.

Community Projects.-Adult clubs undertake at least one pro-
gram of work for community betterment. Frequently an entire
community is drawn into the work begun by a club. The fol-
lowing is representative of the community work done this year:
School lunches, inaugurated .......................................... 27
Rural libraries started ................................................. ............. 17
Club rooms equipped ............................ ............. ................. 33
Club houses built -................... ........................ ....... 1
Canning kitchens equipped ................................................. 19
Nutrition groups ........ ... ............. ............................. 40
Community milk campaigns .................................................... 20
Curb markets established or continued ....................... 5
Cam ps built ............................. ............. .......... .... 1
School grounds beautified ......................................... 9







Florida Cooperative Extension


In Palm Beach County there are 12 community councils.
Among the things done or being done by these communities are:
Starting an agitation that resulted in the building of one state
highway; established telephone lines connecting communities in
the Everglades area; two canning kitchens (built and equipped),
three canning kitchens (equipped); and influenced one com-
munity in growing flowers for a flower fete.
Among the community projects of Hillsborough County should
be mentioned the following: Club house built, equipped to serve
hot lunch to school children; scales bought for two schools to
further nutrition work; milk furnished in two communities for
school children; a school established hot lunch and paid for
trained home economics graduate to direct it. The club at Wel-
come was responsible for hard-surfacing a public road.. It paid
for and built telephone lines into the community. A thousand
purebred chicks were purchased by the club.
In Polk County, four milk campaigns were conducted. Five
clubs improved their school yards and five established libraries
and reading rooms in their neighborhoods.
In Pasco County, four school buildings were remodeled and
three home demonstration rooms established. Fifteen commun-
ities appointed fair committees. At St. Joe the school grounds
were fenced, new windows put in, interior of the school house
improved and a school organ purchased. Blanton club paid for
and installed a school pump and sanitary toilets and cleaned the
school at the beginning of the term.
Hernando County clubs raised money to continue the public
school two months, planted and equipped the school yards, estab-
lished a women's exchange and raised funds for a club house.
The following, quoted from an agent's report, is an example of
community development. This originated with a small club.
"Welcome Awakes"
"My club members at Welcome have probably done a most out-
standing piece of work when the location of the community is
taken into consideration. This is a community far removed
from hard-surfaced highways. It has two trains a week during
the orange shipping season. The people were practically shut off
from the outside world.
"Mrs. Rivers, a woman of remarkable ability for leadership,
heard of home demonstration work for girls and thought it would
be helpful for women also. Three years ago, thru her efforts a







Annual Report, 1922,


club was organized. The women did not stop with an organiza-
tion for themselves but assisted the men in. forming one and,
thru the cooperation of both, they have done some big things for
the community. They came from fifth to first place this year in
their fair exhibits. They went before the county commissioners
as an organization and got a hard surfaced road. One of the
men had charge of building the road and another furnished the
lumber for the bridges. Each of these men took over his part
of the work, knowing that he would have to wait a year for the
money for his work. When the road was being cut, all the men
at Welcome worked and the women served dinner for them. In
the same manner they built their telephone line which connects
them with the rest of the world. These things have been done
this year. Before this, if a physician was needed, they had to
drive miles over bad roads to reach a telephone. Their telephone
is a community convenience. They put it in a store and gave a
picnic to pay the toll that would be due on it for the first six
months.
"Their community council now has been organized into a
growers' association. It intends to increase the strawberry
acreage, build a packing house and grade, pack and ship its
own products instead of bringing them into Plant City.
"The women of the club this spring decided to go in for pure-
bred poultry, so they disposed of their old stock and bought over
a thousand purebred chicks. They equipped a comfortable club
house where all their meetings are held. I meet with them once
a month, and once during the month they meet with their local
leader. At these meetings they do community canning. Each
member brings in her own vegetables."
County Organization.-A fine type of county organization
among urban and rural women has been developed in 21 counties;
most of these organizations are composed of the locals of dif-
ferent organizations federated for county work.
Two counties have similar organizations among juniors. There
are four county poultry associations organized for improving
farm flocks and marketing poultry products.
Contact with other state organizations is made thru the state
office. A plan for cooperative work has been made with the
State Board of Health. Where such work is being done in com-
munities, the home demonstration agent is responsible for the
nutrition program.







Florida Cooperative Extension


Making the Program.-In planning a year's work for a county
the first step is taken at the agents' annual meeting, when each
county's needs are studied jointly by the county workers,
specialists and supervising agents. A tentative plan for the fol-
lowing year's work is worked out at that time.
The home demonstration agent takes the tentative program
to the county clubs and leaders for their approval and adoption.
It is then returned to the state office for acceptance and filed
as the "goal" for the year's work. Plans for 1922 were com-
pleted and on file by January, 1922. Work in each county is
checked for the state office by the supervising staff against this
goal.
Supervisory Program.-The plan of work of each state staff
member is based upon the adopted county programs of work with
certain additions and modifications. Proposed programs and cal-
endars of work are prepared during the first quarter of the year.
Calendars usually are worked out in detail from four to six
months in advance.

The following table shows the number of visits made by home
demonstration staff officers and specialists to organized counties
in 1922:
North and West Florida


County ,1 d ". l
M1 1 Q V2 C M Zw U2U E; W
Columbia -........... 1 2 8 3 3 1 1 19
Duval ................. 3 1 7 3 3 1 4 22
Escambia ................ .... 3 7 2 .... 1 .... 13
Gadsden .................. 2 1 6 1 .... 2 .... 12
Hamilton ................ 1 1 3 1 .... .. .... 6
Leon ........................ 2 3 8 2 .... 2 .... 17
Madison ..................-.... ... 7 3 1 2 .... 13
Okaloosa ................ .... 2 7 2 .... 3 .... 14
Putnam ................ .... .... 5 1 .... .... 1 7
Santa Rosa .......... .... 1 7 4 .... .... .... 12
St. Johns .............. 2 ... 4 .... 1 1 .... 8
Suwannee ............. 1 3 8 4 .... 1 .... 17
Taylor .................. .... 1 6 2 .... 1 .... 10
W alton .................... 1 4 7 2 .... .... 2 16
Total ........................ 13 22 90 30 8 15 8 186






Annual Report, 1922


South and East Florida


County .

UC2- -M W aW 4M to C 9t
Alachua ................ 3 2 3 2 3 1 3 17
Citrus .................... 2 .... 7 2 1 2 2 16
DeSoto ................... .... .... 7 .... ... 1 1 9
Hernando .............. .... .... 4 5 .... 4 .... 13
Hillsborough .......... 6 3 11 4 2 2 1 29
(2 agts.)
Lee ........................ 2 1 4 .... .... 1 1 9
Manatee .............. .... 3 .... .... .... 1 5
Orange .................... 2 6 4 2 4 1 3 22
Osceola .................. 1 2 2 4 1 1 .... 11.
Palm Beach ........... 1 .... 3 1 .... .... 2 7
Pasco .................... .... 1 6 1 .... .... .... 8
Pinellas .................. 2 2 4 .... 1 .... 1 10
Polk ........................ 3 1 9 1 4 .... 3 21
Volusia .................... 1 .... 3 3 .... .... .... 7
Total ........................ 24 18 70 25 16 13 18 184
State Total ............ 37 40 1160 55 24 28 26 370
Visits to counties without agents were as follows: State agent,
7; assistant state agent, 1; district agents, 37; poultry specialist,
5; nutrition specialist, 2; conservation specialist, 1; total, 56.
Records and Offices.-A loose leaf note book of letter size is
used by agents. In this are recorded individual enrollments,
community and county organizations, an analysis of the county
program, methods of developing the same, the agent's yearly
calendar of work, the agent's monthly itinerary, blanks for re-
cording visits from state staff members, results obtained in the
work, letters of instruction from the state office, and other field
material and useful data. County workers have offices and
equipment in county court houses, usually. These offices are
equipped for filing records, bulletins and other supplies. In five
counties clerical help is furnished by the counties. Other agents
are without clerical assistance.
The demand on the agents' time for field work is such that lit-
tle time can be given to record keeping. The efficiency of coun-
ty workers would be increased, were it possible to have more
office assistance.
Limited funds are provided in 24 counties for demonstration
material and equipment. Two motion picture outfits are owned
by the state for work in counties. In addition to educational
films available, one or two good one-reel entertainment films are
needed.







60 Florida Cooperative Extension

Publicity.-The press of the state is liberal in its support of
home demonstration work. Several home demonstration agents
maintain news columns in their local newspapers. Contests, ex-
hibits and fairs are especially valuable as a means of securing
publicity for the work. Contests in junior work with exhibits of


HOME DEMONSTRATION WORK
r |O O lOMgN fD orL n -me A

fr *'"


FIG. 8.-One of the home demonstration booths in the University of Flor-
ida building at the State Fair in Jacksonville

the same always interest the public. Exhibits of home demon-
stration work were shown at two state fairs-in Jacksonville
and Tampa-and at 17 county fairs. Among the exhibitors were
1,262 girls and 1,046 women.


Club Camps are not only inspirational, but thru their
in the junior division of the work the stamp of public
of the work has been secured. They attract wide
Statistics of camp activities follow:


influence
approval
interest.


Counties holding camps ............. ...... .................. 20
Camps held ............. .....-...... ....... ...... .............. ... 14
Girls' county camps held .......-............. ...............5.. 5
Girls' inter-county camps held ........................................... 2
Joint county camps held ..........................................-... 4 4
Joint inter-county camps held .................- .................. 3
Attendance of juniors ...........-.......-...... .................. 734
Attendance of girls ..................... ............. ..- .............. 586
Special Activities.-Activities under the following projects are
carried on:







Annual Report, 1922 61

Gardening.-This embraces work in home gardens, home or-
chards, club plots, grape work and flower gardens. This work
is under the general supervision of the assistant state agent and
the two district agents.
Food Conservation.-This embraces conservation of foods for
home use and development of a home industry for women and
girls thru the manufacture and sale of such products. The state
conservation specialist is leader. The following results were
reported under this project, as food conserved:


Enrolled Containers
II fruit


Containers Meats and
vegetables fish, lbs.


Juniors- .. ..... ------ 1,393 39,713 48,621 29,564
Adults ..................... 957 51,005 174,625 39,564
Totals .............................. 2,350 90,718 223,246 | 69,128

Clothing.-First-year girls electing sewing as their project
were offered a program in patching, darning, the making of a
nightgown and not less than three pieces for their own bedrooms.
These bedroom pieces are curtains, scarfs and runners. Second-
year girls were offered a program in which the interest centered
in their own wardrobes, providing for the making of not less than
five garments each. Women were given assistance in their
clothing problems. The following is reported under this project:
Adults enrolled in sewing -- -----......................................... 788
Juniors enrolled in sewing ..... --~~-............ ................... 2,774
Dresses made by juniors .....-- ---- -----................... ............. 942
Gowns made by juniors .-----....................................... 1,789
Hats made by juniors -..--.......-.......... ................. 415
Articles for bedroom made by juniors .---.......................... 5,215
Miscellaneous articles made by juniors ..------... ............... 761
Total articles by juniors -- ----........-............. .................... 9,122
The adults were given miscellaneous lessons in the clothing
problems of their families.
Nutrition.-This project includes work in elementary nutri-
tion, nutrition clinics for underweight children, bread clubs, food
preparation and service. The nutrition specialist is leader.

Poultry.-A general farm poultry program with special ref-
erence to improving breeds is included in this project. Other
phases of it call for increasing production and profitably market-
ing the output, and the organization of poultry clubs, egg circles
and community and county poultry associations. The home
demonstration poultry specialist is in charge. The greatest in-







62 Florida Cooperative Extension

terest has been in standard-bred flocks, marketing and organiza-
tion. Every county has signed up for this work in 1923.
Home Dairying.-This project is developed from the home
standpoint rather than from that of the commercial dairy. Flor-
ida greatly needs the home dairy cow, better home-made dairy
products, and an adequate supply of milk for home consumption.
The home dairy agent is in charge of this project.
Beekeeping.-This is a well-defined program in but two coun-
ties. The agents in these respective counties have entire super-
vision of the work.
Home Improvements.-Home building and remodeling, artistic
and convenient furnishing, and landscape gardening come within
this project. The following figures are indicative of the work
done along these lines:
Juniors Adults Total
Water systems installed ............... 2 36 38
Lighting systems installed ..................... 53 53
Kitchens remodeled ..................... 19 179 198
Kitchens rearranged ...................... 5 15 20
Furniture done over ....................... 140 171 311
Bedroom furnishings made and
rooms improved ............ 1,664 180 1,844
Other rooms improved ................... 78 88 166
Houses screened ............................. 98 100 198
Living rooms remodeled .................. 3 12 15
Washing machines installed ................. 31 31
Ironing boards made ...................... ........ 3 3
Houses repaired .............................. 72 108 180
Houses remodeled ......................... ........ 20 20
Houses painted ..........---...........;................. 57 57
Plantings of ornamental trees ........ 40 526 566
Ornamental trees planted ............ 4,268

Below is given the total enrollment by project activities for
the state:
Juniors Adults
Sew ing : ............ ...................... .......... ........ 2,774 ....
Room and other improvements........................ 2,240 788
Canning ....................... ..... .............. .... 1,393 957
Poultry ......................................... .. ...... .... 1,217 1,417
Cookery ...................................... 1,580 700
Bread ...... .......... .... .... ............... 297 179
Garden ..................... .. ...... ................. 1,167 1,185
Grape ..... ....... ......... ............ .......... 55 ..
Orchard ...... ..... .... ................... ........ 49 93
Bee .................... ... ..... ............. 16 85
Dairy ....................... ... ................. 33 270
Special products ......................... ............... .......... 157
Totals .................................... .................. 10,821 5,831
Total projects completed .............. ......... .................. 6,797
Percentage of projects completed ...................................... 69.8






Annual Report, 1922


Total membership among juniors was 5,457. Membership by
activities was 10,817. Projects of work for each person averaged
1.7. Total number of projects completed was 7,573, or 69.8
percent. Adults enrolled were 4,795. By activities there were
5,821 adult enrollments, and of the projects started 78 percent
were completed.
Publications.-The state staff must assemble and prepare for
publication all material other than agricultural bulletins fur-
nished by the state for field work. The following are the pub-
lications for the calendar year ending:
Bulletin 34, "Jellies, Preserves and Marmalades."
Bulletin 41, "Handbook for First Year Sewing."
Bulletin 43, "Bread Work for Junior Home Demon-
stration Clubs."
"Poultry Calendar."
"Poultry Record Book."
"Calendar for Egg-Laying Contest."
Nutrition enrollment cards and weight tags.
Outlook.-Home demonstration work is well organized thruout
the state. Tentative plans of work under every project which
it is contemplated will be developed in Florida during 1923 are
now being considered in the counties. Reports on these will be
made at the group meetings to be held in January, 1923. If the
organization now in the field remain undisturbed, creditable
achievements may be expected.






Florida Cooperative Extension


REPORT OF HARRIETTE B. LAYTON, ASSISTANT STATE
HOME DEMONSTRATION AGENT

Plan of Work.-The plan of work of the assistant state home
demonstration agent for 1922 may be outlined as follows:
1. To conduct leadership schools in holding women's club
programs and to encourage and instruct leaders in junior work.
2. To visit women and girls' home demonstration clubs.
3. To assist with the nutrition work in the state.
4. To hold the state canning contest.
5. To hold a state short course.
6. To raise camp standards and to assist in holding junior
camps.
7. To demonstrate the pruning of grape vines to club mem-
bers.
8. To develop junior county organizations.
9. To establish standard clubs.
10. To prepare a manual on junior work for agents.
11. To further girls' canning project work.
12. To prepare three sets of monthly programs for women's
clubs.
13. To write a bulletin on bread work.
Leadership Work.-In order to carry out home demonstration
work, the program of which is broadening, the need for local
leaders is evident. Steps have been taken to secure local leaders.
In Columbia, Okaloosa, Walton and Orange Counties, leadership
schools were attended where instruction in the right use of pro-
gram material was given. In Columbia County instruction was
given to leaders of junior work. Reports have come from these
counties of community programs of work being carried on, of
monthly programs being used in clubs; and of increased interest
in leadership.
Meetings.-Girls' clubs in three counties-Orange, Columbia
and Hamilton-and women's clubs in two counties-Orange and
Osceola-were visited. Community meetings in Suwannee and
Osceola Counties and a county federation in Suwannee were at-
tended.
Farmers' Week was held for the first time in Florida in August
at the University of Florida, Gainesville. Nutrition and food
preparation were given by the assistant state agent and by the
district agent of South and East Florida, each giving three lec-






Annual Report, 1922


tures and three demonstrations. In the evening recreational
work was given. The attendance was small but the group was
most earnest. About thirty women attended the home economics
course. These women went home determined to send others
next year.

Nutrition Work.-Several undertakings in nutrition work
were participated in, a few of which are mentioned below:
DeFuniak Springs Nutrition Class.-The United States Public
Health Service in cooperation with the Florida State Board of
Health placed a field nurse in West Florida to weigh, measure
and physically examine school children. In cooperation the
home demonstration department undertook the follow-up work in
nutrition. A nutrition class was formed at DeFuniak Springs.
Mothers and teachers were given instruction and lectures on
nutrition. Material was sent from time to time to the teachers
and agents for carrying on the work.
Milk Campaign, Tampa.-Talks on value of milk as food were
given to 2,120 school children in Tampa.
Nutrition School for Women, Kissimmee.-The assistant state
agent gave two lectures here, one on the use of milk and eggs
and the other on meal planning.
State Canning Contest.-The.winner of the state canning con-
test was Fannie Rieder of Santa Rosa County. Her record is as
follows:
Value of fresh vegetables sold ........................................... $189.61
Value of fresh vegetables used ....................................... 6.54
Value of products canned ................... ........................ 17.50
Total .-....................................... ...... ...$213.65
Total expenses ... ..................... ........ 23.81
Profit ...............- ............-................. $189.84
Vera Alderman, Hardee County, made a profit of $283.34 in
canning club work, which was the most made by any club girl in
the state this year in canning.

Girls' State Short Course.-From May 24 to April 6 the tenth
annual short course for club girls was held at Tallahassee. Eighty
girls from 22 counties attended. Because of the crowded condi-
tion at the College, 20 girls had to be taken care of outside of the
dormitories. Aladhua County sent 16 girls with a chaperone. Lee
sent 6 girls with a chaperone. Duval sent 13 girls.






Florida Cooperative Extension


An unusually good exhibit of the work of the short course was
displayed the last afternoon. This consisted of bungalow aprons,
collar and cuff sets, handkerchiefs, organdy flowers, pictures
framed in passepartout binding and lacquered or enameled,
candle sticks, shoe-trees, bowls and other odd pieces. Another
new feature was a "style show" given by the senior section in
clothing.
The table on the opposite page names the counties holding club
camps, the attendance of both girls and boys at these camps, the
cost for each child'attending, the instruction given the club mem-
bers at the camps, the forms of recreation provided, and how the
camps were financed (costs above those for food, etc., which the
individual club members paid, usually).
The usual good times were had and the "Y" girls of the Col-
lege again acted as "big sisters" to the club girls. The greatest
desire of a club girl is to win a short course scholarship. Most
of these girls return to their counties as leaders in their com-
munities.
Junior Club Camps.-From June 6 to August 25, fourteen
club camps were held thruout the state. Three were inter-coun-
ty joint camps, one of which represented three counties. Seven
of the fourteen camps have been joint camps for boys and girls.
These camps were attended by 584 girls and 148 boys, a total of
732. In every way the camps were the best ever held in the
state. The honor system proved a success where introduced
this year.
Muscadine Grape Work.-This is the end of the fourth year in
muscadine grape work. The pruning of grape vines was done
in two counties this year, in Santa Rosa and Escambia. The
vines of nine club members were pruned after the six-arm re-
newal system.
Development of Junior Organization.-A state organization of
junior home demonstration work was worked out and adopted
during the year. In the plan of organization the standard club
was established. Each agent agreed to further standard clubs
as a help in club work and in the securing of reports.
Three counties have a junior county organization: Palm Beach,
a junior county council; Hillsborough, an east and west county
junior organization; and Volusia, a county junior organization.
In Gadsden County two girls' clubs are represented in the county






COUNTY ATTENDANCE COST TO INSTRUCTION FINANCIAL
Girls I Boys THE CHILD GIVEN RECREATION ASSISTANCE


Taylor..........................
Madison.........................

Duval........... .................
St. Johns........................


Suwannee.............. ..
Columbia......................
Hamilton .....................
Orange.........................
Osceola...............................


27 $1 plus food.


25 Food supplies.



22 $1 plus food;
$2.50 plus food;
$1.50 plus food.
$4 including hat
materials.


Volusia................... ... 39 1 12 |Supplies.
Citrus............ ..... ........... 33


SSanta Rosa......................


Hillsborough......................

Escambia..........................



Pasco............................
Hernando ...................

Okaloosa...........................


$1 plus food.


$1

$1 plus little food.


$2.


12 $1 plus food


^^


Collar and cuffs, hdkfs.; nu-
trition; essay covers.


-- .I ... ,-- I..-- ~ .. --- -


Manatee................. ......


Alachua.......................

Polk........... ...................


$1 plus food.


50 35 $1 plus eggs, fruit,
meat.


Ifdkfs., flowers, swimming.


Reed baskets, poultry, health.

Table service and manners,
basketry work, nutrition.


Movies, campfire, motor boat
ride, games and songs,
bathing.
Recreational leader; games,
swimming, boat rides,
bathing.


Recreational leader; one
stunt by group; bathing.
Songs and games.


85


47


42


22


Collar and cuffs, hdkfs., nu- Free movies and operator,
trition. nightly, playette, local tal-
ent; games, bathing.
Collar and cuffs, hdkfs., Recreational director; mov-
bread, poultry, butterflies, ies nightly; playette "When
record books; examination the Light Went Out;"
of feet, lungs and teeth, bathing.
Collars and cuffs, hdkfs., nu- Games by groups, singing,
trition, essays and record stunts, nightly; movie one
books, night: bathing.
Gingham hats, record books, Games, 3 times a day, by
table manners and serv- groups; 1 night supervised
ing; talks on Japan, India, contests and camp fire;
nutrition, bathing.
Poultry, sewing. "Y" supervision.
Nutrition and health; per- Games 3 times a day; local
sonal talks; lingerie clasps, talent night stunts; read-
enameling. ings.
Collar and cuffs, hdkfs., Movies, songs, games; camp
health, manners, essays, fire, 2 nights; bathing.
record books.
Baskets, health, formed jun- "Y. W." director; celebrated
ior co. organization. July 4th singing; bathing.
Collars and cuffs, hdkfs.; nu- Hikes to light house; forts;
trition. recreational leader camps,
fires, bathing.

Contests in darning, patch- Games 3 times a day by
ing, buttonholes; nutrition, groups, stunts, bathing.
essays.


I-I


- I I


'


- --


,


Transportation by local peo-
ple.

Elks and local funds bought
forks,spoons, glasses; St.
Johns Co., transportation.




A little local money for a
few girls.



Co. Com. $100 of which $83
was used. Transportation.




Co. Com. $2 for each child;
also transportation.
Rotary and Kiwanis aided.
Woman's Club furnished
transportation from Pensa-
cola and back.
Transportation furnished.





Co. Com. $70.


Prize and club money.

Woman's Club contributions.







Florida Cooperative Extension


federation of clubs. In Orange County girls' clubs are also rep-
resented in the county federation of clubs.
The outstanding pieces of junior work were poultry, sewing
and bread making. A bread bulletin was published.
Further Gardening and Canning.-In order to stimulate the
girls' gardening and canning work, Florida entered the National
Canning Demonstration Contest held at the Southeastern Fair
in Atlanta. Seven states entered girls in the contest, which con-
sisted of two canning demonstrations, a judging contest, and the
canning budget score.
The state team was selected competitively from several coun-
ty teams. The winners of the state contest, and thereby the
representatives from Florida in the national contest, were Bertha
Haynes and Edna Jones of Escambia County. The following are
the judges' comments on the demonstrations by Florida's girls:
"From the standpoint of neatness, arrangement of materials
and utensils and manipulation, the Florida girls' demonstration
in canning of beans was the best given. Division of work
between teammates was good. Presented in an attractive-man-
ner. Evidence of lack of subject matter as background.
"1st. Demonstration: Excellent arrangement; well organized;
good teamwork; very neat in person; team well balanced; a lit-
tle awkward handling products at times.
"2nd. Demonstration: Teamwork good; subject matter very
well in hand; water spilled on block and not wiped off; but alto-
gether probably the neatest and best organized."






Annual Report, 1922


REPORT OF AGNES I. WEBSTER, DISTRICT HOME DEM-
ONSTRATION AGENT, SOUTH AND EAST FLORIDA

In the district of South and East Florida appropriations for
home demonstration work were made in 19 counties. One county
gave up the work last June but five new counties made appro-
priations for the coming year. One county supports two agents.
Four counties made a substantial increase in their appropria-
tions. Ten counties furnish 11 cars for the use of their home
demonstration agents. With one exception, furnished offices are
provided by the counties in their courthouses. Three agents are
provided with well-equipped kitchens and three have steno-
graphic help.
Enrollment.-According to activities, South and East Florida
had an enrollment of 5,794 girls. According to individuals 2,217
were enrolled in 220 clubs. Women's clubs totaled 111 with an
individual enrollment of 2,841, but according to activities the en-
rollment was 4,848. County wide organizations including women
were perfected in 13 counties, eight of these being for women
only.
Of the projects outlined for girls' work, the greatest interest
centered in sewing which included the problem of improving the
girl's own room. Most of these girls did some canning of surplus
fruits and vegetables from the home garden.
The projects with enrollments follow:
Girls Women
Textile and room improvement ................:......... 1,597 738
Pantry .......-.............. ........................... 922 826
Cookery ...... ................................-. 827 500
Bread ................................................................. 198 131
Poultry --.. ..... .............................. ............. 362 787
Gardens ................................................. 699 801
Grape ................................................ 23
Orchard ................... ... .............................. 44 24
Bee .................................................. 14 41
Nutrition groups individuals ................................... 23 1,000
Totals.............................................................4,709 4,848
When a county as a whole adopted a program and centered its
efforts in that direction, outstanding results were accomplished.
This plan was easily followed when women had organized a
county wide council that brought them together quarterly to
discuss community and county problems.
Eight such councils are functioning at present, four of which
were organized last year. Two more are ready for organiza-






Florida Cooperative Extension


tion. The general purpose of these organizations is the same,
but the program of each is developed to meet the respective needs
of the county. Some councils include every woman's organiza-
tion in the county, others just the home demonstration clubs.
However, all are county wide and function for the same general
purpose. At its last meeting, the county council of Orange
County admitted the junior clubs of the county. In the majority
of these councils the board of directors meet once a month while
the council at large comes together quarterly for a program and
social get-together. So far the results have been gratifying as
well as interesting.
In Lee County the council at large planned and established a
curb market at Ft. Myers. This market opened January 14,
1922. The sales for the first day amounted to $80. In four
months the sales totaled over $3,000. One man's receipts for
two and a half months totaled $513.41, which is reported in de-
tail below:
On January 14..... ..... .............. ... ...................$ 25.25
21. ----.................... ...-.. ... ...... 19.95
28................. .... ............ .. .. .... 36.54
February 4..... ................... ............... 32.95
11.......................-... .............. .43.28
18.. ----..............--.....- ................. 35.23
25 .............. ........... --...... ............. 48.40
M arch 4...................................... .................... 52.33
11 ......................... ................ 53.33
18 ........................... .. ....................... 60.35
25.................... .... .. .......-- .............. 53.40
April 1..... ..............- ........... ...... ....... 52.40
Total..............-....... ................$513.41
Thru the united action of the members of one community
council, a hot lunch service was installed in one room of a con-
solidated school. This service grew until a small well-equipped
house had to be erected. A pump and engine for pumping the
water into the lunch room were added later. A home economics
graduate to direct the lunch room and teach two classes, one in
sewing and one in cooking, was engaged.
A third council interested itself in the equipment of the high
schools. It secured better trained teachers and better equip-
ment. A fourth council financed one girl in school for a year.
Many other community problems, such as, improvement of
school yards and houses, establishment of parks, building of club
houges, shelling of sand roida, building of telephone lines, earn-
ing.money to equip community canning kitchens and club houses,







Annual Report, 1922


were attempted and carried thru. Three county wide organiza-
tions for juniors were completed.
Leadership Schools.-In an effort to secure leaders who under-
stand the work outlined for girls and women, a series of leader-
ship schools were held thruout the year. Instruction was given
in checking and keeping record books; conducting club meetings
and use of programs; giving directions for the canning of fruits,
vegetables and meats; making dress forms, baskets and Christ-
mas gifts; preparing and shipping fair exhibits; and many other
things. The agent is responsible for subject matter in all in-
stances and regardless of the number of leaders the agent meets
with the club once a month.
Eighty-two leadership schools developed 105 leaders, 73 for
girls and 32 for women. The report from the leaders of nine
clubs having a total membership of 54 girls follows:
Amount of time spent................... .......................48 days, 10 hrs.
Miles traveled by leaders.............. ............................................. 588
Girls' club meetings attended... .................. ..................... 45
Calls on leaders by girls.................................................... 65
Articles made by girls in sewing............................................. 508
Darns made by girls in sewing.......................................... 209
Patches made by girls in sewing............................................. 159
Baskets made by girls in sewing............................ .......... 22
During the vacation of the agent in the summer, these leaders
met with the girls at least once and in some instances twice a
month.
Contests, Camps and Exhibits.-The interest in club camps is
increasing. The women of Polk County secured a permanent
camp site for women and girls of the county with the purpose of
holding annual camps for girls and women. Funds for a build-
ing were donated by boards of trade and chambers of commerce
over the county. Orange County held a camp for women. Ten
counties held camps for girls who had completed a year of club
work. Twelve counties held club contests, and home demonstra-
tion work was exhibited at twelve county fairs and at two fairs
statewide in scope.







Florida Cooperative Extension


REPORT OF ELLEN LeNOIR,* DISTRICT HOME DEMON-
STRATION AGENT, NORTH AND WEST FLORIDA
Territory and Appropriations.-Fourteen counties in North
and West Florida had home demonstration agents this year. All
but one of these counties appropriated money for the work for
the coming year. Altho the counties in this district have felt
the financial stringency, only two counties decreased the total
amount appropriated for the work for the fiscal year beginning
July 1, 1922, while seven provided funds for next year's work
and one added funds for stenographic help.
SOrganizations.--During the year four counties formed county
councils or federations of women's clubs. One other county al-
ready had such an organization and six others had county bu-
reaus. The county organizations of women proved splendid
helpers to the home demonstration agents.
Club Work.-Two hundred seven organized girls' clubs with a
membership of 2,327 held regular monthly meetings thruout the
year, carrying out definite programs of work. Six hundred sev-
enty-eight girls not in organized clubs carried on home demon-
stration work also. As many girls carried more than one phase
of club work, the enrollment by activities reached 3,123, exclu-
sive of the enrollments in nutrition. Sewing and poultry made
the strongest appeal this year. Canning and home beautifica-
tion, however, more than held their own.
Eight hundred sixty-seven girls exhibited at contests and fairs.
Fifty-eight women's clubs with 990 members held regular meet-
ings and carried on definite programs of work. Six hundred
thirty-eight women not in organized clubs enrolled in the work.
By activities the women's enrollment was 2,622.
Nutrition and child welfare work created decidedly the great-
est interest among women, and in close connection with this much
work was done in improving conditions in and around schools.
There also was an increased interest among women in poultry
work. Home improvements, canning, and the making of dress
forms were not neglected.
Leadership Schools.-Six schools were held for training local
*Note: From January 1 to August 31 of the period covered by this report
Lonny I. Landrum was in charge of this district, and she wrote all of this
report up to and including the paragraph on "Marketing." On that latter
date the present district agent assumed charge of the work in this district,
and she wrote the remainder of this report. ELLEN LENOIR,
District Agent, North and West Florida.







Annual Report, 1922


FIG. 9.-Club rally day in Columbia County brought together over two
hundred boys and girls, not all, however, who worked under the direc-
tion of their home demonstration agent, Miss Marie Cox
women for community leadership. These resulted in a clearer
understanding of the real aims of home demonstration work and
a more definite knowledge of how to be of assistance in further-
ing it.
Camp Short Courses.-Three inter-county club camps repre-
senting seven counties and three single county club camps were
held. The district agent assisted at all of these. Nutrition and
health work played an important part in the programs. Girls
were also taught to make dainty handkerchiefs and collar-and-
cuff sets; instructions were given in record book keeping and in
the writing of the story of the year's work. Recreation was well
planned and supervised. The honor system inaugurated at camps
this year aroused much interest among the girls and reduced
camp discipline to a minimum. In two counties where it was
not practical to hold camps, a series of club picnics was held.
Educational Motion Pictures were shown in eight counties.
Home Improvement.-Continued interest in home improve-
ment brought larger and better results in this important activ-
ity. Many women undertook to make their homes more at-
tractive and to improve and to arrange their household equip-
ment so that the work of the home would be made easier and
more efficient.
Health and Nutrition.-At the regular monthly club meetings
each member reported on how many of the following health rules
had been faithfully observed for the month:
"1. Drink milk every day.
"2. Eat fruit or vegetables every day.
"3. Brush the teeth every day.
"4. Sleep with windows open every night."
For the keeping of each rule thruout a club year, 1 percent was






Florida Cooperative Extension


added to the individual score of the year's work. This was
done to help in the effort to bring "every club girl up to standard,
physically."
Nutrition classes for under-nourished children were conducted
in nine counties. Many of the women's clubs made health work
a special study.
Marketing.-Two successful curb markets were established
in this district this year. Poultry and poultry products are still
sold to advantage thru the egg circles. Several women and girls
created a demand for their special products and thru the help of
the conservation specialist got good prices for them. County
home demonstration agents also assisted women and girls in
marketing their canned and preserved products, butter, nuts,
fresh fruits and vegetables.
The Work Since September 1.-In September the present dis-
trict agent, in conference with the county home demonstration
agents, planned special clothing work and conducted a short
course in millinery. Since September 16 seventeen supervisory
vists to counties were made, and thirteen county club contests,
eight county fairs and two community fairs were attended, at all
but one of which the district agent served as judge. The exhib-
its at the fairs and contests included sewing, canning, poultry,
dairying, bread-making and grape club work. Similar displays
including bee club work were shown in the home demonstration
booth at the State Fair, Jacksonville.
At two of the county fairs, the negro home demonstration
agents showed excellent products in conservation and several
handicrafts. Their exhibits gave evidence of careful work over
a long period of time.
Outlook.-The work over the district is in good condition. The
number of persons exhibiting at fairs and the distribution of
home demonstration agents' activities over their counties show
that the work is reaching the rural people. The growth of coun-
ty councils and federations with home demonstration programs
shows steadily growing appreciation of the value of this work and
a desire on the part of women who are leaders in their communi-
ties to promote it. With programs planned and both agents and
clubs working toward a definite goal, the outlook for 1923 encour-
ages the belief that excellent results will be attained, providing
the organization in the field remains undisturbed.






Annual Report, 1922


REPORT OF MINNIE M. FLOYD, ASSISTANT STATE HOME
DEMONSTRATION AGENT IN POULTRY
With the idea of extending and completing the projects and
organizations which were already under way at the beginning of
the year as a part of home demonstration work in the state, the
following poultry projects were outlined and offered in standard
form during the year:
1. Standardization of flocks.
2. Egg circles.
3 Community poultry associations.
4. County poultry associations.
5. Girls' and boys' poultry clubs.
6. Training poultry project leaders.
7. Culling demonstrations.
8. Farm-flock egg-laying contests and demonstration farms.
9. Extension poultry schools and shows.
10. Caponizing demonstrations.
11. Better feeding methods.
12. Standardization of poultry houses.
13. Automobile tours to poultry farms.
14. Miscellaneous projects.
The standard poultry projects were presented and discussed at
the annual meeting of home demonstration agents, September,
1922. Each agent returning to the field of work of the previous
year was requested to sign up the subdivisions of the projects
which her county was undertaking to carry out.
Project No. 1 was signed up for by every agent; No. 7 was a
close second; and No. 5 came third. The agent in Volusia
County signed for all 14 projects.
Agents going into new territory were not allowed to sign un-
til they became famiilar with the conditions and needs of their
respective counties, and had had an opportunity for conferences
with the people of their counties.
Enrollment-Home demonstration agents' reports show a
membership of more than two thousand men and women and
1,097 boys and girls, carrying on some phase of standard poultry
work, under their supervision. This gives a total enrollment of
more than three thousand for the year.
Excerpts on Standardization from Agents' Reports.-The fol-
lowing excerpts from home demonstration agents' reports indi-
cate something of the interest and work in standardization:






76 Florida Cooperative Extension

Suwannee County: "Thru the farm bureau in Suwannee Coun-
ty, 22,000 White Leghorn baby chicks were ordered. As a re-
sult 125 farms each have 100 or more carefully selected Leghorn
hens."
East Hillsborough: "The Welcome women's club disposed of
their old stock and bought 1,000 purebred baby chicks."
Palm Beach: "An early hatch campaign put on thru the egg
circle resulted in 1,423 standard-bred chicks added to the flocks
in this county."
Egg Circles.-Cooperative marketing of poultry products was
carried o"in Columbus, Escambia, Hernando, Hillsborough, Mad-
ison, Palm Beach, Putnam and Volusia Counties.
The Boynton egg circle, Palm Beach County, was organized
December, 1921, with six members. It increased in the spring to
ten members. Within eleven months 1,4821/2 dozen eggs were
sold for $644.86 by this circle. From July 1 to November 1, 128
pounds of poultry were sold for $49.48.
The agent of Putnam County reports that the Florahome egg
circle is still doing good work. To quote from that report, "They
have held the same market for five years, having no difficulty
in financing and shipping, and the buyer says that during all this
time the eggs have been 100 percent good. This is due to proper
grading, the regular gathering of eggs from the nests, and the
careful packing and prompt shipping of eggs."
Community Poultry Associations.-There were demands for
the organization of community poultry associations for educa-
tional and cooperative marketing purposes. Such associations
were organized in Hillsborough, Lake and Volusia, and requests
for community poultry associations were made in Gadsden, Leon,
Palm Beach, and others. One such organization was organized
at Plant City by the home demonstration agent. This organi-
zation took as its objective a poultry school and show. The
school and show were held July 10-13. The 300 birds on exhibit
during the four days show were viewed by 1,500 people.
County Poultry Associations.-County poultry associations
were organized this year in four counties; viz, Hillsborough, Os-
ceola, Polk and Volusia. The outstanding work of the Hills-
borough association was establishing a cooperative egg market-
ing center in Tampa.
The two chief projects developed in Volusia were organization
and marketing. Associations were organized in DeLand, Day-






Annual Report, 1922


tona and New Smyrna, which federated in a county association.
Still later other communities were organized. Two cooperative
markets were formed that sold 16,900 dozen eggs for $7,272.47
from April 1 to November 1. In addition the agent helped sell
more than $500 worth of poultry in individual sales.
Girls and Boys Poultry Clubs.-Of the 30 counties doing home
demonstration work, 25 report poultry club work with an enroll-
ment of 1,097.
The agent of Okaloosa says, "I chose poultry as my most im-
portant project. One hundred thirty-two children reported that
they raised 2,400 chickens. Fifteen children exhibited chickens
at the county contest and five sent theirs to the State Fair."
The agent of Palm Beach County says, "Fourteen Poultry club
members in the county are keeping records of standard flocks.
Twelve exhibited at the county fair, winning $40 in prizes. Six
exhibited at two state fairs. One boy won a scholarship to
Gainesville for his splendid poultry club record. This boy used
the money he made on his poultry to buy a Guernsey calf.
State Contest.-The state federation of women's clubs offers
an annual prize of $50 for educational purposes to the girl or





















FIG. 10.-Sweepstakes trio, poultry club exhibit, State Fair, Jacksonville.
Owned and shown by Alvin Collins, Duval County. Two hundred birds
were exhibited by junior club members at this fair in 1922






Florida Cooperative Extension


boy making the best all-around record in the poultry clubs of the
state. Some very excellent records were made this year. Com-
petition was keen. The prize was awarded to Dorothy Hubner,
Florahome, Putnam County, whose record is as follows:
"I started in February, 1921, by buying 300 White Leghorn
baby chicks. My receipts and expenditures for the year were
as shown below:
Receipts Expenditures
Market poultry sold (122 friers)..............$ 56.80
Eggs sold ........ .............. .................. 26.07
150 pullets on hand.... ......... ............ 350.00
7 males on hand----................... .......--...... 21.00
Baby chicks bought .......... .............................................. $ 58.00
Feed bought ............ ................ .................. ....... 47.45
Coops built .......................... ................ ......... 6.00
Totals......................... ............ $453.87 $111.45
Profit-........................ ............... $342.42
Poultry Exhibits.-At the county home demonstration agents'
annual meeting in September, 1922, it was decided that club poul-
try be shown by districts, North Florida exhibiting at the State
Fair in Jacksonville and South Florida at the South Florida Fair
in Tampa-that it is detrimental to the birds to carry them on
two fair trips.
Ten North Florida counties sent exhibits in first year work
and three in second year work to the State Fair in November.
Twelve county poultry club exhibits were shown at the South
Florida Fair in February. The standard of the birds was higher
than of any club show yet held.
At the State Fair the Columbia County exhibit won first hon-
ors, sweepstakes and individual entries in first year work, Su-
wannee County won the same in second year work.
Training Poultry Project Leaders.-Much of the farm poultry
specialist's time was spent in training home demonstration
agents as county project leaders in poultry work, together with
the training of a few local leaders in several counties. Since the
demands for poultry work are becoming greater each year, more
local leaders must be trained.
,Culling Demonstrations.-No piece of work yet offered to the
poultry raisers has been more appreciated than ."Culling the
Flock." It was impossible to meet all requests for help along
this line.
In Volusia County 19 culling demonstrations were given by the
agent in which she eliminated 414 slackers. Following the dem-






Annual Report, 1922


onstrations 40 members reported that they had culled their own
flocks.
Farm-Flock Egg-Laying Contest.-In order to stimulate great-
er interest in better breeding, feeding, housing, egg-production,
etc., a farm-flock egg-laying contest was organized. Five flocks
from each of 20 counties were entered, viz, Columbia, Escambia,
Jackson, Leon, Madison, Putnam, Santa Rosa, Suwannee, Taylor,
Walton, Hernando, Hillsborough, Lake, Lee, Orange, Osceola,
Palm Beach, Pasco, Polk and Volusia. The contest opened No-
vember 1, 1922, and will continue 12 months.
Auto Tours to Poultry Farms.-During the annual short course
for club girls at Tallahassee in April, 1922, all the girls in attend-
ance were taken on a tour to a successful poultry plant in Leon
County. In Volusia County 11 tours in which 254 poultry raisers
participated were conducted as a part of their association work.
Eighty-seven new poultry houses have been built as a result of
these tours and several hundred dollars' worth of breeding stock
purchased.
Poultry Records and Calendars.-Realizing that the average
farm flock egg production was far below what it should be, 2,000
poultry calendars were prepared and sent to home demonstra-
tion agents for distribution among adult poultry raisers. The
calendars were accompanied by the following pledge which the
receiver might sign:
"I will undertake to establish a purebred flock of poultry on
my yard.
"I will keep an accurate record of egg production on the poul-
try calendar furnished by the home demonstration department."
The poultry calendars proved so satisfactory that a calendar
for the year of 1923 has been prepared also. A new poultry club
record book for the state has been prepared and also a report card
for the records in the farm-flock egg-laying contest.






Florida Cooperative Extension


REPORT OF MAY MORSE, ASSISTANT STATE HOME DEM-
ONSTRATION AGENT IN DAIRYING

The following projects in home dairy work were undertaken
under the direction of the home demonstration dairy specialist:
1. To encourage the ownership of more good home dairy cows.
2. To demonstrate methods necessary to profitable home dairy
management.
3. To secure a greater use of dairy products in the diet.
4. To promote the eradication of the cattle fever tick.
Home Dairy Cow Ownership designed to increase the number
of family cows owned, to insure better food for the family, to
supplemenftthe family income thru surplus products sold, and to
increase the fertility of the soil.
Three hundred eighty-seven club members kept records of
production, cost, and the value of dairy products to the family.
These records developed interest in better cows and methods
of management. This year 38 cows were purchased for home
use and 24 club members reported improved breeding.
Home Dairy Management.-Dairy products clubs were organ-
ized in Citrus, Alachua, Columbia and Madison Counties. Nine-
teen communities were represented. Demonstrations were given
in butter and cottage cheese making and instruction given in
detail for the care of dairy products in the home. Monthly meet-
ings were held in each community under the supervision of the
home demonstration agent who assisted the women in scoring
their products. Regular lesson programs were furnished.
The iceless refrigerator was recommended for use where other
cooling facilities were not available for dairy products. Bulletins
giving instructions for making iceless refrigerators were dis-
tributed.
In spite of the lack of adequate equipment many club members
made marked improvement in their products. Their aim was
to produce better milk, butter and cheese for home use and to
standardize these products for the market. In Citrus County
12 women enrolled and 60 attended the demonstration. Twelve
also did this work in Columbia County, where 78 attended dem-
onstrations. Twenty enrolled in Alachua County and all en-
deavored to follow instructions. One Columbia County club of
six members adopted the use of the standard package for all
butter sold by its members.






Annual Report, 1922


Following the demonstration and meeting with the Madison
County women, the home demonstration agent reported, "I have
found numbers of women making cottage cheese since that meet-
ing, and much better butter. Several cows have been bought
for home use. I have held
a scoring contest in every e
woman's club in the coun-
ty. The results have been
that 54 club members en-
rolled, all of Whom are re-
porting. Thirty persons
that did not enroll adopted
the better practices, and
283 attended demonstra-
tions.
Greater Use of Dairy
Products in the home diet
,was secured principally
thru conducting milk catn-
paigns. Requests for milk
campaigns were received
from Tampa, Plant City, FIG. 11.-Gladys Ward and her pure-
Sanford, Miami, Pensacola, bred Guernsey heifer, her reward for
Pierce, Lakeland, Ocala excellence in dairy club work
and Brooksville.
These requests were made with the hope of relieving a surplus,
either seasonal or from local over-production, and as a nutritional
measure in localities where a very limited quantity of milk was
used. Campaigns were conducted in Miami, Tampa, Plant City
and Seminole County. Local conditions made it impractical to
put on campaigns in the other places.
The Tampa campaign was requested by the local health de-
partment and dairymen and was financed by the dairymen. In
this campaign 53 window displays were made, four free motion
pictures shows were given, literature was distributed to all
school children, posters were placed thruout the city and talks
were made in all schools. Model meals were served to groups
of children daily. On account of a large Latin population some
leaflets were published in Spanish. The mayor issued a procla-
mation designating the days of the campaign as "Milk Week."
As a result 10,365 white and 1,200 colored children were reached
and benefited. The demand for milk in school lunches doubled.






Florida 'Cooperative Extension


The parent-teachers' association formed a committee to prepare
menus for lunches thruout the coming year and asked the home
demonstration agent to assist in this work. Scales were placed
in Ybor City school and plans made to place scales in every school
next year. Dairymen reported from 15 to 20 percent increases
in sales, which practically absorbed the existing surplus. The
dairymen organized an association under the direction of the
county agent.
The Plant City campaign was requested by the home demon-
tration agent'and the child welfare department of the woman's
club and was financed by subscriptions from the woman's club,
the Junior Red Cross, the dairymen and the Kiwanis club, etc
iVork was in charge of the home demonstration agent and a rep-
resentative of the child welfare department of the woman's club.
; Work done included picture shows, talks in schools, window
displays, a health survey made by the federal health unit and
a house to house distribution of literature.
SAs a result 1,400 pupils were reached; scales were bought for
permanent use in schools; medical and dental clinics were estab-
lished and nutrition classes were organized to meet once a week.
Milk sales in school lunches increased from 3 to 113 gallons daily.
Dairymen reported a 10-percent increase in sales in homes and
stores. A poster contest was held in which 75 posters were
entered.
Seminole County campaign included Sanford, Monroe, Alta-
monte, Longwood, Oviedo and Chuluota schools. Request for
the campaign was made by the child welfare department of the
federated woman's club. There was no home demonstration
agent in the county so the work was done by. the home dairy
specialist and the district home demonstration agent in coopera-
tion with the federated woman's club which was responsible for
finances. A program similar to that of the Plant City campaign
was carried out. Twelve hundred children were reached and
helped.
The Miami campaign was requested by the local health de-
partment and the county agent. A seasonal surplus was the
chief problem there. Funds were supplied by the dairymen.
Displays representing the value of good dairy cows and the
food value of milk were exhibited. Milk cookery demonstrations
were given each day. Scales were available for weighing and
measuring the children, and 1,000 children responded to the







Annual Report, 1922


opportunity to see if they were normal. Many parents came
with their children for conference.
Results.-Thruout the schools 5,421 white and 1,000 colored
children were reached. The parent-teachers' association ar-
ranged for milk to be served in all schools. One school served
milk to 600 children the day after the talk in that school;
none had been served previously.
Following is an excerpt from a letter received from Dr. A. W.
Ziebold, Miami food and dairy inspector: "May, June, July and
August last year we had a surplus amounting to not less than
five hundred gallons daily. Since that time dairy herds have
been increased from 2,243 to 3,084 cows. These additional cows
produce about a thousand gallons of milk daily. The surplus on
our market does not exceed 250 gallons." Dr. Ziebold was asked
if he considered the campaign a success. His answer was, "If
we compare the surplus of last year of 500 gallons produced by
2,243 cows to 250 gallons this year from 3,084 cows, I am going
to answer your query with an unqualified affirmative."
The cooperation of civic, religious and welfare organizations,
schools, clubs, individuals, agents and specialists in all the above-
mentioned campaigns was most satisfactory. In all 20,165 white
and 2,700 colored children were reached. Milk lunches were
established in Plant City, Miami and Tampa schools. Health
surveys were made which affected 4,600 school children. Nu-
trition classes were established in Plant City where scales were
furnished. The use of milk in Tampa increased 20 percent; in
Miami, 20 percent; and in Plant City, 10 percent.
Tick Eradication was advocated thru milk campaigns, club
meetings and conferences by stressing the need for better dairy
cows and the necessity of dairy products in the diet and calling
attention to the fact that ticks contribute to the high price and
insufficient supply of milk in the state.
Educational exhibits which especially interested children were
put on at the two state fairs. Home demonstration dairy prod-
ucts were entered for prizes at both fairs. Assistance was given
two demonstration agents in the planning and arranging of
exhibits at their local fairs.







Florida Cooperative Extension


REPORT OF GLADYS SMITH, ASSISTANT STATE HOME
DEMONSTRATION AGENT IN NUTRITION

The nutrition work as undertaken was in part in answer to
the calls for child welfare work. No one agency in the field
seemed equipped to carry on an adequate health program for
children. Since home demonstration agents are more or less
trained in nutrition, demands for such service were made upon
them.
By close cooperation between home demonstration forces,
women's organizations, and the State Board of Health, a begin-
ning in the solution of this great problem was made. The nutri-
tion project as carried out by home demonstration agents in
Florida was the practical result of work attempted in the spring
of this year. The present project is the working plan of this
office for 1922-23, but is not the goal expected to be reached
finally by home demonstration workers.
Nutrition Clubs.-In each nutrition club where this work was
undertaken, it was urged that the whole community be allowed
to benefit from the knowledge gained and that the club sponsor
a nutrition group for the underweight children in its school.
Good results from this broadening of interest were shown by
the clubs of East Ft. Myers (Lee County), Sorrento (Lake
County) and Tacoma (Alachua County). Splendidly equipped
local leaders in each of these clubs were secured and good work
resulted.
Nutrition Groups.-Forty-four demonstration nutrition groups
in 12 counties were started under the direct supervision of the
nutrition specialist. Other nutrition groups were conducted by
home demonstration agents whose training and experience fitted
them for this work.
Nutrition groups for underweight children proved so suc-
cessful that it is regretted that the over-crowded programs of
home demonstration agents prevented their undertaking work
in every community. It is hoped that as scales are secured
in schools the weight of each child will be sent to its respective
home as a part of the monthly school report. With the atten-
tion of parents thus called to the indicated physical condition of
their children, adequate medical inspection, accompanied by cor-
rective work, must follow.
A series of 20 simple lessons to be distributed weekly to the







Annual Report, 1922


children were prepared. Each child was given weekly a copy of
"Health or Food Facts" to take home.
The correcting of physical defects pointed out at the time of
the physical examination was one of the most beneficial results
of forming nutrition groups. Hundreds of hook-worm treat-
ments were given. Other defects corrected were diseased ton-
sils, poor vision, nasal obstruction and bad teeth. This corrective
work was followed up by local nurses or interested parents.
Lake and Gadsden Counties did the best work with under-
weight children. West Hillsborough had a large number of
underweight children, four groups of which were in the Italian
and Cuban settlements. Nutrition work as carried on there
proved valuable in helping the children to readjust their food
habits to American conditions.
The splendid response of the women when local leaders were
needed made possible the regular weekly meetings of the nutri-
tion groups. The cordial cooperation of local physicians with the
specialist in this work was of inestimable value.
Cooperation in the Home.-Nutrition lectures to the mothers
of underweight children always formed a part of the work in
the counties. It is only by cooperation with the home that a
child can be helped to attain his best development. Often after
group meetings with the mothers individual conferences were
held. In this way individual help was given.
Follow-up Work.-Sometimes enthusiasm and early gain in
weight are followed by careless food habits and the loss of all
the gain the child may have made. The follow-up work thru
subsequent weighing for underweight children was one way in
which permanent good was often secured. As at present these
subsequent weighing were done by local leaders under the su-
pervision of agents. As scales were provided in schools, teachers
sent weight records in with monthly school reports.
Health Weeks and Clinics are good measures where an emer-
gency is to be met. A large number of people may help perform
the work in a short length of time. This was done in Arcadia
during the baby clinic. Three hundred infants received thoro
examinations by physicians and their mothers were given spe-
cific advice from the nutrition specialist. Similar cooperation
was given the United States public health unit in Escambia
County in June. Special nutrition work was done for communi-
ties during milk campaigns. In Miami, 1,000 children were







Florida Cooperative Extension


weighed and measured and "advised" during one week of the
milk campaign.
Nutrition work with children of pre-school age is most import-
ant as health and food habits are then being formed. Nutrition
classes for small children were started in Lake City. With the
fine development of local leaders found everywhere, other classes
of this kind will be possible now.
In every club camp held last summer, health was one of the
points emphasized and honors were given for observing health
rules. In every instance particular attention was given to the
serving and the eating of the right kinds of food. At Hampton
Springs camp a little nutrition play was presented by the children
one evening.
At the State Fair a nutrition booth was fitted up in the Uni-
versity of Florida building. This showed the "Healthland Flyer"
and the stations in "Healthland" such as "Cleanly Town," "Fruit
Farms," "Cereal City," and "Milky Way" along the route to
"Long Sleep Mount" which every child should visit daily.
The state nutrition specialist visited 19 counties of the state
in this work this year; organized 44 nutrition groups; and en-
rolled 880 nutrition club members in the special demonstration
groups.







Annual Report, 1922


REPORT OF ESTELLE BOZEMAN, ASSISTANT STATE
HOME DEMONSTRATION AGENT IN FOOD
CONSERVATION

The program of work in food conservation was developed, both
as general and as home industry projects. Under the general
project the first aim was to adequately supply the home table
with Florida foods at a minimum cost.
Under the home industry project the aim was to make this
line of work a source of income to the women and girls interested.
The methods used for conservation of fruits and vegetables were
canning, brining, drying, pickling and crystallizing. The food
value of conserved fruits and vegetables was taught and fami-
lies urged to conserve fruits and vegetables on the basis of one
quart of each for every day for every family of five. A pro-
portional reduction of this estimate was based on the amount
of fresh fruits and vegetables available.
The agents of experience were sufficiently skilled, in most
cases, to handle the general program. When agents come from
other states it is necessary to give them help in the handling
of sub-tropical fruits and vegetables.
Canning Meat and Fish.-Teaching the family to can meats
was made a special project this year. Excellent work was done
in this line. When one or more carcasses were canned in a day,
several families came together to receive instruction while help-
ing with the work.
Work in the canning of fish was started. In four counties
special work was done. Indications are that the time is ripe
for intensive work along this line.
Home Industry Products.-Under the home industry project
women and girls were enrolled who wish to commercialize their
work. They were given special training to enable them to bring
their products to a high degree of perfection. To encourage
the development of this project, they were asked to send to the
South Florida Fair two samples of each of the products which
they wished to market. There were 42 entries, showing 14 vari-
eties of products. The products shown were judged by buyers
for hotels and delicatessen stores. Thirty-three of those shown
were given an A-No.-1 score. As a result of the exhibit, prod-
ucts were shipped from the South Florida Fair into 15 states.
Many duplicate orders were received. A letter followed each







Florida Cooperative Extension


shipment, asking for a comment. The following reply from
Fargo, N. Dak., is typical:
"The guava jelly reached us in fine shape and we think it
unsurpassed in texture and quality. We shall want more when
this is gone."
Fourteen members were enrolled in the home industry
project. One hundred fifty-seven women and girls marketed
homemade products of this type this year. Most of the products
were disposed of in local markets. When markets were located,
it meant that producer and consumer were brought into direct
contact. One of the leading hotels of the state bought and is
buying largely of these goods. Other hotels agreed to use these
products as soon as they could be supplied in larger quantities.
The business of one woman grew from the family kitchen into
a small building in her back yard, fitted up with modern equip-
ment. She was recently offered the management of a factory.
Another woman temporarily converted her basement into a
special products kitchen. Several working women are making
products during their spare time. The sale of these supplements
their own earnings.
Enrolled in this work this year were 1,393 girls and 957
women, or a total of 2,350. Of fruit; 88,718 containers were put
up; of vegetables, 223,246; of meats and fish, 39,564.







Annual Report, 1922


NEGRO EXTENSION WORK
Negro extension work is in charge of a negro district agent,
A. A. Turner, who has headquarters at the Agricultural and
Mechanical College for Negroes at Tallahassee.
Division of Work.-Agricultural extension work among ne-
groes includes the three following branches:
(1) Farm makers' clubs, for men and boys.
(2) Home makers' clubs, for women and girls.
(3) Farm and home makers' schools, for farmers, house-
wives and club members.
Farm Makers' Clubs.-The year's program of the farm
makers' clubs included work in the following:. (1) Corn clubs,
(2) potato clubs, (3) peanut clubs, (4) pig clubs, (5) marketing
clubs, and (6) savings clubs.
The figures below show how the time of the local county agents
was spent upon various activities during the year:
Months worked (average) .................................... 7
Days in field ............................ .. ... ................ ...... 1,093
Days in office ....................... ....... ...... ................ 256
Calls on agents .......................... .............--------....... ............-... 1,562
Letters written ........................ .. .... .................... 2,352
Farm and home visits made......................... .......................... 4,883
Meetings held ...................................... ................... 384
Attendance these meetings ......................................... ...... 6,010
Farm bulletins distributed ........-........................ ......-..--..- 3,482
Miles traveled by rail .................................. ........ .. 5,195
Miles traveled by automobile .................................. .. 6,176
Miles traveled otherwise ................. ..................... 425
During the period of this report, 38 clubs were organized
among negro men in which there were 326 enrolled. There were
98 boys' clubs organized in which there were 824 boys enrolled.
Each of eight negro men worked as local county agents for an
average of seven and three-fourths months. The following fig-
ures show the results accomplished by these agents:
I MEN BOYS TOTAL
Total enrollment ................................. ....... 326 824 1,150
Total clubs organized ........................................... 38 98 136
Hog pastures established ....................................... 37 34 71
Purebred pigs placed ............................................... 79 135 214
Hogs vaccinated .............................................. 1,100 107 1,207
Patrons using purebred boars............................ 93 32 125
Pounds of pork raised by club members............... 85,000 16,000 101,000
Value of pork raised.................................. .......... $4,876.50 $820.25 $5,696.75
Number of farm dairies started................. 5 2 7
Value of dairy products sold thru clubs.............. $2,721.50 $202.25 $2,923.75
Value of fruit sold thru clubs......................... $1,280.00 $45.00 $1,325.00
Value of vegetables sold thru clubs....... ....... $1,788.00 $165.00 $1,953.00
Value of melons shipped ....................... $5,330.00 ................ $5,330.00
Cars of melons shipped ......................... ....... .. 47 ............ 47
Deposited in savings clubs ..................................... $1,815.25 $803.75 $2,619.00







Florida Cooperative Extension


The table below shows the work accomplished, by activities, in
farm makers' corn, potato, peanut, pig and savings clubs:


MEN BOYS TOTAL

1. Corn Clubs:
Members enrolled ......................................... 90 315 405
Number reporting ......................................... 75 253 328
Average acre yield (bushels) .......................... 23.5 32.5 avg. 28.5
Bushels harvested ............ .......................... 1,762.5 8,157.8 9,920.3
Average bushel cost (cents) .................... 38 55 46
Total value of crops at 75c a bushel.............. $1,325.63 $6,118.35 $7,444.98
2. Potato Clubs:
Members enrolled .......................................... 100 310 410
Number reporting ......................................... 80 285 365
Average fourth-acre yield (bushels) ............ 22 23 22.5
Bushels harvested ................................ .. 1,740 6,726 8,466
Average bushel cost (cents) ................... 23 31 27
Total value of crops at 50c a bushel............ $1,044.00 $1,563.85 $2,607.85
3. Peanut Clubs:
Members enrolled .......................................... 80 111 191
Number reporting ........................................ 68 110 178
Average acre yield (bushels) ...................... 38 45 42.5
Bushels harvested ................................ 2,584 4,960 7,544
Average bushel cost (cents) .......................... 35 40 37
Total value of crops at 60c a bushel.............. $1,550.40 $2,970.00 $4,520.40
4. Pig Clubs:
Members enrolled ........................................... 56 88 144
Number reporting ...................................... 45 78 123
Purebred pigs placed ..................................... 79 135 214
Hog pastures made ...................................... 37 34 71
Hogs vaccinated ........... ........................ 1,100 107 1,207
Pounds of pork produced .......................... 85,000 16,000 101,000
Value of pork produced .............................. $4,876.50 $820.25 $5,696.75
5. Savings Clubs:
Members enrolled ........................................ 156 375 531
Number reporting ....................................... 95 221 316
Total amount saved .................................... $1,815.25 $803.75 $2,619.00
6. Marketing Clubs:
Members enrolled ........................................ 79 180 259
Number reporting ........................................ 68 155 223
Cars of melons shipped by clubs....:............... 47 ...... 47
Average receipts to the car............................ $114.00 ............ $114.00
Total value of melons shipped..................... $5,330.00 ........... $5,330.00
Total value of other farm produce shipped.. $5,789.50 $4,122.55 $9,912.05

Home Makers' Clubs.-The program for the home makers'
clubs included canning, poultry raising, dairying, home improve-
ment work, sewing, marketing and saving of money.
Fifty-four clubs were organized among negro women and 89
among negro girls. There were enrolled in these clubs 1,012







Annual Report, 1922 91


















FIG. 12.-A group of negro women and girls, members of the home mak-
ers' club of Duval County, in front of a room equipped by them as a
place where they may receive training in cooking and sewing. Negro
agents work under the general supervision of white county and home
demonstration agents

women and 1,535 girls. Local leaders were in charge of each
club.
Home makers' club work was supervised by nine women (local
home demonstration agents) who worked an average of eight
months during the year. The agents visited individual club
members an average of once a month.
The figures below show how the time of the local home demon-
stration agents was spent upon various activities during the
year:
Months worked (average) ............. ................................ 8
Days in field ...............--...............................- 1,600
Days in office ................. .. ......................... 352
Calls on agents .............................................. ...................... 1,821
Letters written ... ----...-. ..--........ ..-................................ 2,360
Club member visits ------.................. ........................... 2,043
A dult visits .................. ..................... ..................... ..... 2,594
Farm and home visits .................... ................................... 6,307
Miscellaneous visits ............ ....--- -- .......--................ 497
M meetings held .......--- ......- .....- ......-- ........ ................. 810
Attendance these meetings ...................-----......................... 8,671
Visited by local district agent........................................ .......... 94
Bulletins distributed ......................................... ................... 5,442
Articles written for the press........................---....................... 82
M iles traveled by rail ..................... ................................. 6,663
Miles traveled by automobile ..........................-................... 6,141
Miles traveled otherwise ...................... ...................... 4,058







92 Florida Cooperative Extension

The table below shows the work accomplished in all home
makers' clubs:


WOMEN GIRLS TOTAL

Clubs organized ...................... ......... ................ 54 89 143
Enrollment ....-----------------.............--......................-...........----------......... 1,012 1,523 2,535
Containers of preserved food filled................. 23,240 17,790 41,030
Fireless cookers made ..... .................. ................ 230 133 363
Articles made from pine straw, shucks, wire
grass, etc. .......................................... 6,405 6,040 12,445
Bars of soap made ............................................. 5,827 3,336 9,163
Pounds of butter made ...................................... 7,556 1,476 9,032
Value of milk and cream sold............................... $286.60 $90.00 $376.60
Purebred chickens raised ..--.............. .......... 2,062 1,831 3,893
Value of poultry raised .................-................. $2,902.40 $1,906.14 $4,808.54
Dozens of eggs preserved for home use -.........-- 1,827 723 2,560
Dozens of eggs marketed thru clubs ............-- 1,260 1,416 2,676
Houses whitewashed ...........---- .............-.. 306 295 601
Houses painted ......... .. ......... ... ................ 133 27 160
Homes remodeled ................................... 205 44 249
Homes purchased ..------.............................-----------.............. 78 8 86
Homes screened ................--- ................... 165 36 201
Homes observed health week ...........--- .............. 1,342 395 1,737
Fruit trees set out .................... .. ................... 1,589 367 1,956
Grape vines set out ............................................ 493 175 668
Sanitary toilets installed on the farm------ ........... 27 ...... 27
Bath tubs installed in farm homes.................------ 6 2 8
Telephones installed in rural homes............... 8 ...... 8
Water systems installed in rural homes................ 3 ...... 3
Floor mops made from old stockings.------.............. 849 617 1,468
Canning centers equipped .......---------......... ............ 23 11 34
Cash deposited by savings clubs.......................... $1,734.72 $3,370.61 $5,105.33
Amount of produce sold cooperatively ................ $1,895.70 $1,350.25 $3,245.95

Fairs.-State and county fairs encouraged the work of home
makers' clubs. Considerable money in prizes was won by colored
women and girls who made exhibits at the South Florida Fair
and the various county fairs.

Farm and Home Makers' Schools.-A series of extension
schools in agriculture and home economics were held. These
served an important purpose in that valuable information on
farming, improved living and better business was received by
those who attended. Thru these schools, to which the public
was invited, the people of the state received a better under-
standing of this phase of extension work, as demonstrations
and lectures by trained and properly informed persons were
important features.







Annual Report, 1922 93

The following figures summarize this school work for the year:
Schools held ...................... .. ..-------------------................ 17
Total attendances ........................... ... ............................. 4,485
Dem onstrations given ............................................. ............... 23
Trios of purebred chickens awarded prizes.......................... 9
Purebred pigs awarded as prizes .......................................... 10
Cash awarded as prizes ......................... ............................ $2,155
Days occupied -.................................................. ...... .......... 22
Speakers engaged ......................---......1 ................ ........... ... 15
Counties in which schools were held ...................................... 11

Cooperating Agencies.-The cooperation of public schools and
colleges and the State Board of Health meant much to the suc-
cess of this phase of extension work. Pastors of churches gave
great assistance in securing attendance at the extension schools.
The South Florida Fair erected a building for housing exhibits
of negroes. Premiums given by this fair association made it
profitable for patrons to send exhibits. Several county fairs set
apart special prizes and space for negro exhibitors. Banks, busi-
ness men and individuals, as contributors of money, etc., for
prizes and premiums, did much to encourage the work.
The negro farmers' union of Florida, a cooperative marketing
organization, functioned in 16 counties this year. It is made
up of the leading negro farmers and serves as a medium thru
which farmers may get relief from inadequate markets. Officers
and members of this organization often volunteered to assume
the leadership of local clubs.

The Local District Agent has headquarters in Tallahassee, is
provided with office equipment and is required to keep in touch
with the work of local county and local home demonstration
agents. As far as possible agents are visited at least once a
month. After reports are received from each county worker,
they are tabulated, summarized and submitted at regular inter-
vals to the state leader's office in Gainesville. The following
is-a brief summary of the local district agent's activities:
Letters w written ........................................ ............................... 3,735
Circular letters sent out ...........-...........-...................-....-- .. 4,757
State bulletins sent out .............................--........ ............ 890
Government bulletins sent out ..............................-................ 3,580
Days in field ........................... ....--------...... .................... 276
Days in office .----. -----------................... .................. 36
M meetings held ...... .............. ...................................... 134
Estimated attendances --........................ ...............--..... 7,066
Visits to agents ................................................. ................. 224
Demonstrations visited .............................. .... ....... .......... 91
M iles traveled by rail ................................................................21,306
Miles traveled by automobile.................................................... 2,948
Total m iles traveled ............................... ...........................-24,254










INDEX


Administration, 11
Agents, cooperation of, 8
negro, 15
negro, training of, 16
Agricultural conditions of Florida,
20
Agricultural Extension Division, or-
ganization of, 8
Agricultural News Service, 11
Anthracnose of watermelons, 46
Appropriations, county, 28, 32, 35,
72
for home demonstration work, 54
Associations, poultry, 76
Ayers, Ed L., appointment of, 10
report of, 46
Beef-cattle demonstrations, 25
Beekeeping, 62
Blacklock, R. W., report of, 39
Boys' club project, 12
club work, 28, 32, 35
Short course, 40
Bozeman, Estelle, report of, 87
resignation of, 10
Brown, Hamlin L., report of, 51
Bulletins published, 11

Campaigns, milk, 81
Camp, club, 40, 60, 66, 67, 71, 73
Canning, 68
contest, national, 68
contest, state, 65
meat and fish, 87
Cattle, dairy, 33
Citrus, miscellaneous report of, 26
problems, 47
work, 21
Clayton, H. G., report of, 32
Clinics, nutrition work, 85
Clothing, 61
Club, boys', project, 12
camps, 40, 60, 66, 67, 71
champions, 42
enrollment, girls', 69
exhibits, 40
short courses, 73
work, 28, 32, 35, 72
work for girls, organization of, 55


Clubs, farm makers', 89
home demonstration, organization
of, 66
home makers', 90
organized home demonstration, 55
poultry, 77
Conferences of extension workers,
13
Contest, farm-flock egg-laying, 79
in poultry, state, 77
Contests, 71
Cooperation, of agents, 8
of agri. institutions in state, 9, 19
Cooperative marketing, 13, 36
work, 32
Corn club, 39
demonstrations, 23
Cotton, boll weevil control, 17
demonstrations, 23
County agents, expenses of, 19
how paid, 11
number of, 19
project of, 11
qualifications of, 19
requirements of, 21
summary of work of, 20
varied duties of, 19
work done by, 22
County, appropriations by, 28
support for extension work of, 16
Creameries, 52
Crops, farm, 29, 33, 36
Culling demonstrations, 78
Curb market at Ft. Myers, 70

Dairy cattle, 33
demonstrations, 25
improved methods of feeding, 51
improvement of, 51
Dairy cow ownership, 80
Dairying, 21, 36
as project, 12
home, 62
management, 80
products, greater use of, 81
Demonstrations, beef-cattle, 25
corn, 23
culling, 78







Annual Report, 1922


dairy-cattle, 25
fertilizer and manure, 26
grains, 23
grass, 24
hog, 25
Irish-potato, 24
legume, 24
lime, 26
orchard, 25
peanut, 24
poultry, 26
sweet-potato, 24
tobacco, 23
tomato, 23
Diseases and pests of livestock, 27

Egg circles, 76
Entomology, as project, 12
Exhibits, 71
poultry, 78
Extension, schools, 13
work, county support of, 16
work with negroes, 15

Fairs, 14, 31, 34, 38, 86, 92
Uni. of Fla. represented at, 15
Farm and home makers' clubs, as
project, 12
Farm-flock egg-laying contest, 79
Farm improvements, 26
Farm makers' clubs, 89
Farm organization, 28
Fat barrow club, 39
Fertilizer and manure demonstra-
tions, 26
Financial statement, 9
Fish canning, 87
Floyd, Minnie M., report of, 75
Food conservation, 61, 87
Forage crops, as project, 12
Fruit, 32
production of, 17

Gardening, 61, 68
Girls' club enrollment, 69
club, national canning contest, 68
clubs, organization of, 55
club work, enrollment of, 75
short course, 65
Grain demonstrations, 23


Grape work, 66
Grass demonstrations, 24
Group meetings, 14

Health, 73
weeks and clinics, 85
Hiatt, S. W., report of, 35
Hogs, 33, 37
demonstrations, 25
Home demonstration agents, how
paid, 12
clubs, organization of, 66
staff, 54
work, as project, 12
work, enrollment in, 75
work, how carried out, 54
work, supervision of, 58
Home improvements, 62, 73
Home makers' clubs, 90
Home products conserved, 87

Irish-potato demonstrations, 24

Jenkins, E. W., report of, 28

Landrum, Lonny I., report of, 72
resignation of, 10
Layton, Harriette B., report of, 64
Legume demonstrations, 24
LeNoir, Ellen, appointment of, 10
report of, 72
Leadership schools, 71, 72
work, 64
Lime demonstrations, 26
Livestock, 30
diseases and pests of, 27
Local leaders, 55

Marketing, 30, 32, 34, 37, 74
cooperative, 13, 17
dairy products, 52
home products, 87
Meat conserving, 87
Meetings, field, 30, 47
girls' club, 64
group, 14, 34, 37
Melanose, control of, 18
Milk campaigns, 81
Morse, May, report of, 80







Florida Cooperative Extension


Negro agents, 15
extension work, 15, 89
work, how provided for, 12
Newell, Wilmon, report of, 7
Nutrition, 61, 65, 73, 84
clubs and groups, 84

Orchard demonstrations, 25
Organization, Agri. Ext. work, 8
counties, for home demonstration
work, 57
farm, 28, 35
home demonstration work, 72
Outlook for home demonstration
work, 63

Partridge, Sarah W., report of, 54
Patrons of club work, 41
Peanut clubs, 39
demonstrations, 24
Pig clubs, 39
Plant pathology, as project, 12
Policies of extension work, agents
recommend, 15
poultry, of extension workers, 48
Poultry, 30, 34, 37, 61
as project, 13
associations, 76
clubs, 77
contest, farm-flock egg-laying, 79
culling demonstrations, 78
demonstrations, 26
exhibits, 78
leaders, training of, 78
policies of extension workers, 48
progress, 49


work, organization of, 75
Prizes in club work, 41
Progress of extension work, 17
Projects, extension, 11
Publications, 10, 11, 63
Publicity, 60

Sanborn, N. W., report of, 48
Satsuma oranges, 17
Schools, extension, 13
farm and home makers', 92
leadership, 71, 72
Scott, John M., report of, 44
Short course, boys', 40
girls', 65
Silos, 27
Smith, Gladys, appointment of, 10
report of, 84
Spencer, A. P., report of, 19
Staff changes, 10
State Fair, 15
Supervision, extension workers, 9
home demonstration workers, 58
Sweet-potato clubs, 39
demonstrations, 24

Tick eradication, 83
Tobacco demonstrations, 23
Tomato demonstrations, 23
Turner, A. A., report of, 89

University of Florida at State Fair,
15

Webster, Agnes I., report of, 69
"Welcome awakes," 56