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 Front Cover
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Staff photo
 Letter
 Credits
 Report of director
 Report of state agent
 Extracts from county agents' annual...
 Report of the district agent for...
 Report of the district agent for...
 Report of the district agent for...
 Report of the boys' agricultural...
 Report of the assistant boys' agricultural...
 Report of the state home demonstration...
 Report of the district home demonstration...
 Report of the district home demonstration...
 Report of home dairy work
 Report of the poultry work
 Report of local district agent...
 Report of extension poultry...
 Report of beef cattle speciali...
 Report of forage crop speciali...
 Index














Cooperative extension work in agriculture and home economics
ALL VOLUMES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075774/00003
 Material Information
Title: Cooperative extension work in agriculture and home economics
Running title: Annual report
Report cooperative extension work in agriculture and home economics
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 23 cm
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida -- Agricultural Extension Division
University of Florida -- Agricultural Extension Service
Florida State College for Women
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture
Publisher: The Division
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla
Creation Date: 1919
Publication Date: 1917-
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agricultural extension work -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Home economics, Rural -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: University of Florida, Division of Agricultural Extension and United States Department of Agriculture Cooperation.
Dates or Sequential Designation: 1917-1938
Numbering Peculiarities: Report of general activities for ... with financial statement for the fiscal year ending June 30.
Issuing Body: Issued by: Division of Agricultural Extension and U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, 1917-1922; Agricultural Extension Division, Florida State College for Women, and U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, 1923-1928; Agricultural Extension Service, Florida State College for Women, and U.S. Dept. of Agriculture 1929- 1938.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 46385656
lccn - 2001229381
System ID: UF00075774:00003
 Related Items
Preceded by: Cooperative demonstration work in agriculture and home economics
Succeeded by: Report Florida agricultural extension service

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front cover
    Title Page
        Title page
    Table of Contents
        Page 1
    Staff photo
        Page 2
    Letter
        Page 3
    Credits
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
    Report of director
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
    Report of state agent
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
    Extracts from county agents' annual reports
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
    Report of the district agent for central and south central Florida
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
    Report of the district agent for north and west Florida
        Page 45
        Page 46
    Report of the district agent for south Florida
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
    Report of the boys' agricultural club agent
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
    Report of the assistant boys' agricultural club agent
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
    Report of the state home demonstration agent
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
    Report of the district home demonstration agent for north and west Florida
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
    Report of the district home demonstration agent for east and south Florida
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
    Report of home dairy work
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
    Report of the poultry work
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
    Report of local district agent for negro work
        Page 109
        Page 110
    Report of extension poultry husbandman
        Page 111
        Page 112
        Page 113
    Report of beef cattle specialist
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Page 117
        Page 118
    Report of forage crop specialist
        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 123
        Page 124
        Page 125
    Index
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
Full Text






Cooperative Extension Work in
Agriculture and Home Economics
University of Florida Division of Agricultur4: ,
Extension and United States Department CN
of Agriculture Cooperating 24
P. H. ROLFS, Director



REPORT OF GENERAL ACTIVITIES FOR 1919
WITH
FINANCIAL STATEMENT FOR THE
FISCAL YEAR ENDING
JUNE 30, 1919








Cooperative Extension Work in

Agriculture and Home Economics

University of Florida Division of Agricultural
Extension and United States Department
of Agriculture Cooperating
P. H. ROLFS, Director



REPORT OF GENERAL ACTIVITIES FOR 1919
WITH
FINANCIAL STATEMENT FOR THE
FISCAL YEAR ENDING
JUNE 30, 1919


MARCH, 1920








CONTENTS
PAGE
LETER OF TRANSMITTAL TO GOVERNOR OF F aIDBA.................................. 8
BOARD OF CONTROL........................................... ............................. ......... 4
EXTENSION STAFF .... ................4...... .................................................. 4..
LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL TO CHAIBIAN OF BOARD OF CONTROL.................. 7
.REPORT OF DIEECTOR ............... ........... ........... .......... 7
Organization ........ ........ ......-............... .. ...... ...... ....... 8
S Monthly Conferences .. ..... .......................... ............. ................... 10
Extension Funds ................... .. ................ ............................ 10
Publications .............. ...... ..................._ ............... 11
Cooperative Enterprises ............................................ ............ 13 '
State Meetings ............. ... .......--..--.. ................................. 17 ,
REPORT OF STATE AGENT................. ...... ........................................... 22
General Activities .......................................................................................... 28
Demonstrations ....................................... ................................... 29 -
EXTRACTS FROM COUNTY AGENTS' ANNUAL REPORT........................ .... 32
REPORT OF DISTRICT AGENT, CENTRAL AND SOUTH. ............................ 40
REPORT OP DISTRICT AGENT, NORTH AND WEST................ ...... ........ 45
REPORT OF DISTRICT AGENT, SOUTH .............. ............... .......... 47... 47
REPORT OF BOYS' CLUB AGENT............................. ................................... 53 '
Sweet Potato Clubs ................. ............................... ......................... 54 ;
Sugar Cane Clubs.............................................................................. .. 54
Dairy Calf Clubs........ ......................... ............................... 54
Beef Calf Clubs............................................................................... 55
Boys Attending Short Course at University............ ................... 60
SREPORT OF ASSISTANT BOYS' CLUB AGENT.................................. ................ 63
Enrollment of Boys in 1919...................................................................... 64
County Contests ............................................................................................. 65
S Summary of Corn Club Reports........................................................... 65
REPORT OF STATE iHoME DEMONSTRATION AGENT..................... ....................... 68
Agents and Equipinent ..............................................-........................... .... 69
Results of Club W ork .............................................. ....................................... 71
Fairs and Contests .............. .............................. ........................................ 77
Statistical 'Report .................................................................. ................. 78
REPORT OF DISTRICT HOME DEMONSTRATION AGENT, NORTH AND WEST...... 80
Aims of Work ...................................................... ................................ 80
Girls' Work................... ............................................................ .... .81
Women's Work............ ....................... .... ...............................,........ 85
State Meetings and Fairs...................... ..................................................... 87
REPORT OF DISTRICT HOME DEMONSTRATION AGENT, EAST AND SOUTH ....... 88
Recreation Camps....................................................... ................... 89 '
Teaching Food Values and Cookery...................................................... 90
Strengthening Club Organization................................................................ 92
High Records in the District ........-............................................................. 93
REPORT OF HOME DAIRY WOR..................................... ...................... 95
Features of Work................................................................................... 95
Results of W ork...................................... ............ ........... ................................ 97
REPORT OF POULTRY WORK.......................................................................... 100
Organization ,. ............................................. .......................................... ... 100
Cooperation from Poultry Breeders.............................................................101
Cooperative Egg Circles................................................................................104
NEGRO WORK......................-...-......................................1........................108
REPORT OF DISTRICT AGENT FOR NEGRO WORK..... ...........................................109
REPORT OF EXTENSION POULTRY HUSBANDMAN................................................. 11
REPORT OF BEEF CATTLE SPECIALIST.................................................... ............114
REPORT OF FORAGE CROP SPECIALIST................................................. ................119
Work in the Field........................................... ............ ...............119
Office W ork................ ... ... .................................................. ..........120
REPORT OF THE EXTENSION PLANT PATHOLOGIST.............................................120
REPORT OF PLANT PATHOLOGISTS WATERMELON WORK..............................121
STEM E ND D ECAY................................................. ... ........................ .............124
APms CONTROL .IN WATERMELONS............ .....................................................125









1r.


V-
i .':4A


4^*


FIG. 1.-This photograph was made in front of the Administration Building, University of Florida, Gainesville. It
shows the Board of Control, President of the University, Dean and Faculty of the College of Agriculture, State, District
and County Agents, Cooperative Extension Work, Plant Commissioner and members of his staff, and the Experiment Sta-
tion staff. Dr. Conradi, President, Florida State College for Women; Dr. A. C. True, Director States Relations Service,
Washington, D. C.; Dr. F. M. Bomberger, Assistant Director of Extension Work, Maryland State College of Agriculture;
and State Health Officer Greene are also shown in the photograph.






















Hon. Sidney J. Catts,
Governor of Florida,
Tallahassee, Fla.
SIR: I have the honor to transmit herewith the report of the
Director of the Extension Division of the Agricultural College in
the University of Florida for the calendar year ending December
31, 1919, including a fiscal report for the year ending June 30,
1919.
Respectfully,
J. B. HODGES,
Chairman of the Board of Control.







4 Florida Cooperative Extension

BOARD OF CONTROL
J. B. HODGES, Chairman, Lake City Fla.
E. L. WARTMANN, Citra, Fla.
J. B. SUTTON, Tampa, Fla.
H. B. MINIUM, Jacksonville, Fla.
W. W. FLOURNOY, DeFuniak Springs, Fla.
BRYAN MACK, Secretary, Tallahassee, Fla.

OFFICERS, STATES RELATIONS SERVICE, WASHINGTON, D. C.
BRADFORD KNAPP, Chief.
H. E. SAVELY, Agriculturist and Field Agent.
O. B. MARTIN, Assistant in Charge of Demonstration Club Work.
I. W. HILL, Assistant in Demonstration Club Work.

STAFF
A. A. MURPHREE, President of the University.
P. H. ROLFS, Director.
A. P. SPENCER, Vice-Director.

COOPERATIVE DEMONSTRATION WORK
C. K. MCQUARRIE, State Agent.
A. P. SPENCER, District Agent for South Florida.
E. W. JENKINS, District Agent for North and East Florida.
S. W. HIATT, District Agent for West Florida (resigned Sept. 15).
H. G. CLAYTON, District Agent for West Florida.
G. L. HERRINGTON, Boys' Club Agent.
R. W. BLACKLOCK, Assistant Boys' Club Agent.

HOME DEMONSTRATION WORK
SARAH W. PARTRIDGE, State Agent.
HARRIETTE B. LAYTON, Assistant State Agent.
AGNES I. WEBSTER, District Agent, East and South Florida.
LUCY C. CUSHMAN, District Agent, North and West Florida.
MAY MORSE, Assistant District Agent.
MINNIE FLOYD, Assistant District Agent.

SPECIALISTS
A. H. LOGAN,a Veterinary Inspector in Charge, Hog Cholera Educational
and Demonstrational Work.
JOHN M. SCOTT, Animal Industralist.
WM. H. BLACK,a Extension Animal Husbandman.
N. W. SANBORN,a Extension Poultry Husbandman.
J. O. TRAXLER,*b Farm Help Specialist.
FRAZIER ROGERS, Silo Specialist.
W. N. ANKENEY,*c Extension Plant Pathologist.
M. L. BENN,*C Extension Plant Pathologist.
C. M. TUCKER,*C Extension Plant Pathologist.
J. B. THOMPSON, Forage Crop Specialist.
J. E. TURLINGTON, Agronomy Specialist.

a. Cooperating with the Bureau of Animal Industry, U. S. D. A.
b. Cooperating with the Office of Farm Management, U. S. D. A.
c. Cooperating with the Bureau of Plant Industry, U. S. D. A.
*Resigned June 30, 1919.







Annual Report, 1919 5

LECTURERS AND OTHER OFFICIALS
B. F. FLOYD, Lecturer, Citrus.
J. R. WATSON, Lecturer, Entomology.
H. E. STEVENS, Lecturer, Plant Pathology.
S. E. COLLISON, Lecturer, Soils and Fertilizers.
C. D. SHERBAKOFF, Lecturer, Plant Pathology.
GRACE C. GREENE, Secretary.
K. H. GRAHAM, AUDITOR.
LENA R. HUNTER, Assistant Auditor.
SARAH L. VINSON, Editor.
COUNTY COOPERATIVE DEMONSTRATION AGENTS
COUNTY NAME ADDRESS
Alachua.......-........................ C. D. Gunn----.........................Gainesville
Bay......................................... G. E. M eade................................ Panama City
Columbia............................... H. A. McDonald.. ................... Lake City
Bradford................................ 0. Traxler............................... Starke
Brevard...............................---K. E. Bragdon............................ Cocoa
Citrus.....................................R. J. Dorsett.............................. Inverness
Dade..................-................... S. Rainey................................ M iam i
De Soto.................................. J. M Tillman.............................Arcadia
Duval..................................... W L. W atson............................. Jacksonville
Escambia............................... J. L. Smith.----........................ Pensacola
Hernando.............................. Jas. Mountain ....-...................... Brooksville
Hillsboro............................... R. T. Kelley................................ Plant City
Holmes.................................. J. J. Sechrest ............................. Bonifay
Lee................................. ..... J. M Boring................................ Ft. M years
Leon -------.............................--..-- R. I. Matthews .......................... Tallahassee
Liberty.......................---- ..........A. W. Turner............................. Bristol
M adison................................. C. E. Matthews.......................... Madison
Manatee ........................---....W. R. Briggs.............................. Bradentown
M arion................................. W A. Sessoms........................... Ocala
Okaloosa........................---..... J. Hart...... ----.............................Laurel Hill
Orange--...............--..-......-------C. D. Kime.................................. Orlando
Osceola.........................-------. R. T. Weaver.............................. Kissimmee
Palm Beach.......... --.............. R. A. Conkling........................... West Palm Beach
Pasco----................----..... -----F. G. Merrin .............................. Dade City
Polk.......................--.....----..- Wm. Gomme ................----.... Bartow
Putnam-------............-----...................... ...........----...........---.. Palatka
St. Johns..-----..............-----.-K. W. Lord................................. St. Augustine
St. Lucie--........-- ... .............. A. W arren ................................. Ft. Pierce
Santa Rosa----................----.. R. T. Oglesby-- -----........................... Milton
Seminole...........--............------. C. M. Berry-....-........................... Sanford
Suwannee......................-----. D. A. Armstrong........................------Live Oak
Taylor.................................... L. R. M oore................. ........P.Perry
Volusia.................................W. E. Dunaway.................---......De Land
Walton...........-.....................J. W. Mathison---------...........................DeFuniak Springs
COUNTY HOME DEMONSTRATION AGENTS
COUNTY NAME ADDRESS
Citrus.................................... Mrs. B. E. Buchanan ................ Inverness
Alachua........---.........---.............Miss Irene Randall........--............ Gainesville
Alachua (Assistant)........... Mrs. Susie Sapp Croftcn..........Gainesville
Bradford..-............................ Mrs. Flora Clower Scott......... Starke
Broward ............................... Mrs. Adrienne Peay-................. Ft. Lauderdale
Calhoun................................. Mrs. Grace F. Warren.............. Blountstown
Dade....................................... Miss Lal Cunningham.............. Miami
Dade (Assistant) ................ Mrs. Nellie A. Bush-................. Goulds
De Soto...................... .... Miss Connie DeVane................. Arcadia
Duval............ .................... Miss Clarine Hoyt..................... Jacksonville
1641 Dellwood Ave.








6 Florida Cooperative Extension

Escambia............................... Miss Margaret Cobb................. Pensacola
Gadsden................................. Miss Ruby McDavid..................Hinson
Hernando...............................Mrs. Estelle Colvertson............Brooksville
Hillsboro...............................Miss Edith Cole Young.............Tampa (City Hall)
Hillsboro (Assistant)......... Mrs. Maude McRae................... Plant City
Jefferson................................Miss Posey Taylor.....................Lloyd
Lee.........................................Miss Margaret Burleigh...........Ft. Myers
Leon...............................-.....Mrs. Mary S. Russell................ Tallahassee
Madison................................. Miss Edna Smith....................... Madison
Manatee.................................Mrs. Ivie Turnbull..................... Bradentown
Okaloosa................................Miss Harriette Hawthorne...... Crestview
Orange.....-............................ Mrs. Nellie Taylor.................... Orlando
Osceola................................. Miss Albina Smith.................... Kissimmee
Palm Beach........................... Miss Elizabeth Hopkins........... West Palm Beach
Pasco...................................--- -------Mrs. H. A. Tichnore................ Dade City
Pinellas..................................Miss Hazel Carter.......... ......... Largo
Polk........................................ Miss Lois Godbey...................... Bartow
Putnam.................................. Miss Floresa Sipprell............... Palatka
St. Johns-------................................ Miss Anna E. Heist................... St. Augustine
St. Lucie................................ Miss Lula Chriesman................Ft. Pierce
Santa Rosa............................ Miss Winnie Warren.................Milton
Suwannee-............................. Miss Alice Dorsett.................... Branford
Taylor.................................... Mrs. Brant Mills........................Perry










Report of General Activities for 1919
with
Financial Statement for the Fiscal Year
Ending June 30, 1919



Hon. J. B. Hodges,
Chairman, Board of Control.
SIR: I have the honor to submit herewith the annual report of
the Extension Division of the Agricultural College in the Univer-
sity of Florida. This report embodies the financial statement for
the fiscal year ending June 30, 1919, and the report of the
activities of the Extension Division for the calendar year 1919.
I respectfully request that you transmit the same, in accordance
with the law, to the Governor of the State of Florida.
Respectfully,
P. H. ROLFS,
Director.

INTRODUCTION
Just before the beginning of the present calendar year, we
reached the end of the great world war which, for two years,
held our undivided interest. Every effort was put forth by the
Extension workers to increase and conserve food products of
all kinds. While this has always been an important part of county
and home demonstration work, the effort was stimulated to a
greater degree by the pressing conditions apparent to everyone.
It could not be expected that Florida could contribute to any large
extent in supplying food products to those outside the state, but
the effort was made to have each farm and each community self-
sustaining, as far as it was practical to do so.
Remarkable progress in agriculture was made during this
period. The state of Florida made advances in livestock pro-
duction, particularly hogs, that excelled in percentage practically
every other state in the country. Food products of all kinds
were materially increased, in spite of the fact that Florida sent
her full quota of laborers to the war, and to war activities.
Around the county and home demonstration Agents' offices






Florida Cooperative Extension


were centered a number of volunteer workers who lent their best
efforts in this direction. The Agents, realizing the need for
assistance, called for help from leading citizens of every com-
munity, and, after placing the program for greater food produc-
tion before them, helped them to organize into units of workers
for the one purpose of increasing and conserving the agricultural
production of this state. The part that the county and home
demonstration agents played, and the response of the farmers,
especially the farm women, in the call for food products, has
taught some lessons in production, conservation and thrift that
will be effective long after many thrilling features of the war
have been almost forgotten.
During this period, when there was the greatest amount of
unrest thruout the nation, the farm labor more difficult to se-
cure and more expensive than ever before, and with all phases
of agricultural and commercial disturbance, the state of Florida
has made more progress in agricultural development than during
any ten years of its previous history.

ORGANIZATION
The Co-operative Extension Work in Agriculture and Home
Economics is directed from the College of Agriculture of the
University of Florida, with headquarters on the University
campus. The home demonstration work has offices at the State
College for Women, Tallahassee, and the farm and home-makers'
clubs at the Florida A. & M. College for Negroes, Tallahassee.
The budget system is used to govern the working plans, which
budget is approved by the Board of Control and the United
States Department of Agriculture, before going into effect.
The work was conducted under ten projects during the past
year, the principal ones being that of the county co-operative
and home demonstration agents. The work in each county cen-
tered around these two offices, and all other project leaders
carried out their work in the counties, using the offices of the
local agents as the centers.
The purpose in view is to improve the rural conditions in Flor-
ida, by working with farms and farm homes. The instruction
given corresponds with the instruction given from the College
of Agriculture, University of Florida, and the home economics
department of the State College for Women. The project leaders
are kept in close touch with the various activities of these colleges,






Annual Report, 1919


so that the work will be conducted with a common purpose in
view.
The county agents arrange for public meetings, and speakers
are provided by the state institutions. Thru co-operation between
the State College of Agriculture and the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture, the various Bureaus, Departments, and the
State agencies are harmonized so that each county can secure
benefit from such bureaus as are working on problems that
affect the state of Florida.
The county agents are under the direction of the state agent
and district agent.
The boys' club work is under the direction of the state club
agent and his assistant. The clubs are organized by the County
Agents, with the assistance of the School Boards, County Super-
intendents, Fair Associations and other organized efforts that
are intended to promote agriculture.
The home demonstration agents have headquarters at the
State College for Women, the work being supervised by the State
and district agents with the assistance of the specialists working
on home dairying and poultry.
The county home demonstration agents organize clubs of
women and girls to study home economics problems, and all home
demonstration work in the counties is directed thru these agents.
The farm and home makers' clubs for negroes have headquar-
ters at the Florida A. & M. College for negroes, Tallahassee.
This work is under the general direction of a local district agent
in farm makers' clubs. Assistant club agents are employed for
a portion of the year to give assistance to the rural colored pop-
ulation, encourage thrift and improve rural conditions in general.
The specialists devote all their attention to a particular line
of work. They, too, reach the farmers thru the county agents,
and assist in all problems related to their special work.
The Extension workers consult the workers in the Experiment
Station, and when the Experiment Station workers visit the
counties they are privileged to visit the office of the county and
home demonstration agent and secure all assistance that can be
given them.
The county and home demonstration agents have head-
quarters in a central place in the county, usually in the county
seat. The office equipment and all laboratory equipment needed
is also provided for from the county funds. As the county and
the home demonstration agents' problems are very closely con-






Florida Cooperative Extension


nected, they usually have the same office and assist each other
in the arrangement of meetings and conducting any work that
applies to both the farm and home.

MONTHLY CONFERENCES
The entire staff of the Agricultural Extension work meets
regularly on the third Monday of each month for a conference
regarding the problems affecting the program of the work as a
whole. The wide scope of the Extension work requires that
everyone should be sufficiently informed on all the other prob-
lems so that there will be the closest co-operation.
These conferences develop discussions of matters as they occur
in the counties. When special problems present themselves, af-
fecting individual counties, county agents are invited to present
the matter as it occurs from the county agents' standpoint.
The dairy, poultry and home garden work affect the women
and men's work alike. Club contests for boys and girls frequently
have a joint program where outsiders are invited to take part
in the program. In order to correlate in the arrangement of
these, it is necessary to have a harmonious plan worked out, so
that there will be no loss of time or effort. In fact, the work
of the county and the home demonstration agents and specialists
is so closely associated that the better the plans for all these
operations are understood the greater will be the co-operation
thru the entire system.
In shifting the work from the war program necessarily many
modifications have taken place which required adjustment.
Representatives from the Plant Board and the General Ex-
tension work and other departments of the University are invited
to these conferences to discuss any particular problem they may
wish to bring before the county and home demonstration agents.

EXTENSION FUNDS
During the last year of the war there was appropriated to the
United States Department of Agriculture $4,500,000 to be used
to stimulate production and conserve food products. Of this
amount, the state of Florida received approximately $70,000.
The money was expended for the employment of emergency
county and home demonstration agents in counties where there
was no regular agent; for salaries of assistant county and home
demonstration agents, city and urban agents; for salaries of
specialists in the control of livestock diseases, plant diseases and







Annual Report, 1919


insect pests, construction of sweet potato storage houses, har-
vesting and storing sweet potatoes and peanuts, preservation
of perishable food stuffs, combating insects of stored grains,
animal production, and a farm labor specialist, and for the em-
ployment of the additional clerical and office force necessary to
handle this increased amount of work.
At the close of the fiscal year, this emergency appropriation
was discontinued, leaving a large organization that had been built
up during the war but with funds only sufficient to continue as
under pre-war conditions. This reduced the number of counties
with county and home demonstration agents from 52 to 37, with
a corresponding reduction in the number of specialists and super-
vising agents.
FINANCIAL STATEMENT
Following is the financial statement for the fiscal year ending
June 30, 1919:
RECEIPTS
Agricultural College Fund-
Smith-Lever Federal---.................................-- $32,704.31
Smith-Lever State....................................... ........... 22,704.31
U. S. D. A. Appropriation............................................... 23,000.00
State Appropriation.......... .. ...... .. ...................... 13,215.37
County Appropriation....................... ........................ 67,106.85
$158,730.84
EXPENDITURES
Administration Project.....................................................$13,466.72
Printing and Publications Project.................................... 2,779.43
County Agents' Project...................................................... 76,165.44
Home Demonstration Project........................................... 53,811.07
Boys' Club Work Project-.................................------.. 6,805.02
Animal Industry...................... ................................. 1,452.08
Negro Farm and Home Makers' Project........................ 3,101.33
Hog Cholera Educational--............................. -------- 480.00
Plant Pathology ....................... ........... ...................... 411.88
Silo Construction.............. .............................. .... 257.87
$158,730.84
PUBLICATIONS
Bulletin
No. Title Edition
13. Hog Cholera-- ..... ..........--...... ... -----.20,380
14. Sugar Cane....... .----.... -------------.------20,436
15. Cotton...............------....---------- ------15,400
16. Boys' Agricultural Clubs------................. ...................................-- --..20,600
17. Hog Pastures and Feeds---......... ....----......---- ............... .. -7,500
18. A Spray Schedule for Citrus...........................................................12,229
19. Farm and Home Makers' Clubs........................................................ 5,000
20. Self-Feeder for Pork Production ---- ----................................20,590
Circulars Title Edition
6. Farm Labor.----... ...............-----. .-------------...................... 10,000
7. Club Work in Taylor County----................----...... 6,000
Poster Title Edition
5. Have You a Cow- -------. ............................................-.... 2,000
1919 Campaign for Food, Feed and Forage....--........-----------.. 5,000
Annual Report-...-..-.................... ------ 4,000
Agricultural News Service, 52 weeks, 425 copies each week.






Florida Cooperative Extension


CHANGES IN STAFF
On January 1, 1919, William Gomme was appointed district
agent for South Florida in co-operative demonstration work. He
resigned June 30, 1919, and was appointed county agent in Polk
county.
R. W. Blacklock, emergency assistant club agent, resigned July
31, 1919, and was appointed county agent in DeSoto county. On
September 15, 1919, he was reappointed assistant club agent. L.
R. Highfill, assistant club agent, resigned September 15, 1919.
At the close of the college year, Frazier Rogers and J. E. Tur-
lington of the College of Agriculture were appointed as silo and
agronomy specialists. On June 30, 1919, both positions were dis-
continued for lack of funds to continue them thru the year.
John M. Scott, animal industrialist of the Experiment Station,
was appointed animal industrialist of the Extension Division.
A. P. Spencer, Vice-Director, was assigned to the duties of dis-
trict agent in eight South Florida counties, in addition to the reg-
ular duties at headquarters.
W. N. Ankeney was appointed extension plant pathologist, be-
ginning his duties March 1, 1919. The work was discontinued
June 30, 1919.
M. L. Benn and C. M. Tucker were appointed extension plant
pathologists to work principally on watermelon diseases. Their
work began April 4, 1919, and continued to June 30.
J. O. Traxler, farm help specialist, resigned June 30, 1919. As
Mr. Traxler was employed on war emergency work, the position
was discontinued June 30.
Miss Agnes Ellen Harris, state home demonstration agent,
resigned June 1, 1919, to engage in Smith-Hughes work in Texas.
The position was filled by the appointment of Miss Sarah W. Part-
ridge, district agent, South Florida.
On July 1, 1919, Miss Harriet W. Layton, district agent for
North and West Florida, was appointed assistant state home
demonstration agent.
Miss Lonnie Landrum, assistant district agent, was appointed
district agent for West Florida, but resigned September 1 to
pursue graduate studies in Columbia University, and was suc-
ceeded by Miss Lucy C. Cushman, emergency city worker from
Miami.
Miss Sara D. Griffin was appointed assistant district agent,






Annual Report, 1919


home demonstration work, for middle Florida, October 1, 1918.
She resigned June 30, 1919.

PLAN OF WORK
The projects by which the funds are expended and the work
conducted for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1919, are as follows:
PROJECT I-A-ADMINISTRATION
This provides for the offices of the Director, Vice-Director, sal-
aries of clerical help and other executive expenditures that can-
not be properly charged to any particular project.
PROJECT I-B-PUBLICATIONS
This provides for the expense of publication and distribution of
bulletins, circulars, weekly agricultural news service and annual
reports. Only 5% of the Smith-Lever funds can be used in this
project.
PROJECT II-COUNTY AGENTS
This provides for the maintenance of county agents' supplies
and incidentals of those directly in charge of the county agent
work. Wherever a county agent is employed, the county must
provide additional funds to apply on the salary, traveling ex-
penses or the equipment of his office.
PROJECT III-BOYS' AGRICULTURAL CLUBS
(Principally Corn, Pig, Calf and Peanut Clubs)
This work is intended to give instruction to boys between the
ages of 12 and 18. The clubs are organized by the county agents,
with the assistance of the boys' club agents, so that Projects II
and III are closely allied. In order to make these clubs effective,
the support of school officials, business interests and other or-
ganizations directly interested in the common good of the com-
munity are solicited.
PROJECT IV-HOME DEMONSTRATION WORK
This work is conducted principally in the rural districts under
two divisions, one giving particular attention to girls clubs and
the other to women's clubs. The general purpose is to give in-
struction in domestic science and art, the principle of home mak-
ing as applied to rural life, and to carry this work just as far in
the. communities as conditions will permit. The co-operation of
women's clubs and all agencies looking for the betterment of the
rural home are sought.






Florida Cooperative Extension


PROJECT V-BEEF CATTLE EXTENSION WORK
This project works toward the improvement of the beef cattle
industry of the state, to arrange for the distribution of breeding
cattle to those in a position to handle them; to encourage the im-
portation of suitable animals from outside the state, and to lend
every encouragement to securing a better beef industry. This
project is conducted according to the joint agreement between
the Extension division and the Bureau of Animal Industry, United
States Department of Agriculture.
PROJECT VI-FARM AND HOME MAKERS' CLUBS
The work of this project is intended to improve the rural con-
ditions among the farms and homes of the negro farmers in the
state. They are encouraged to produce larger yields from their
crops; are instructed in the care and management of livestock,
truck and fruit crops. The boys and girls are organized into
corn, pig, and peanut clubs.
The girls and women are organized into canning and home
makers' clubs and are taught the principles of economy and thrift,
production and conservation. Assistant agents are provided in
counties, and are supervised by a district leader.
PROJECT VII--EDUCATIONAL AND DEMONSTRATIONAL HOG CHOLERA WORK
This is conducted co-operatively with the Bureau of Animal In-
dustry, U. S. Department of Agriculture, and co-ordinating with
the hog cholera control work of the Livestock Sanitary Board,
Tallahassee. The agent in charge spends his entire time in the
counties assisting county agents in handling the diseases of hogs,
and lending the necessary encouragement in this direction for
the betterment of the hog industry.
The proper use of hog cholera serum and virus is taught, and
demonstrated with an idea of preventing the spread of hog
diseases or holding contagious diseases in control following an
outbreak of cholera. In the past year, the agent has devoted his
energies to performing local organizations, looking to more san-
itary conditions of all livestock, particularly hogs.
PROJECT VIII-POULTRY HUSBANDRY
This project provides for general educational work to improve
the poultry of the state. The representative is primarily inter-
ested in the improvement of the farm flock and works with that
end in view, with county and home demonstration agents. Dur-






Annual Report, 1919


ing the fiscal year ending June 30, this work was in co-operation
with the Poultry Division of the Bureau of Animal Industry.
PROJECT IX-PLANT PATHOLOGY
By a co-operative agreement with the Bureau of Animal In-
dustry, a plant pathologist was secured, principally to assist
county agents in giving help to farmers and truckers wherever
diseases of plants occurred.
PROJECT X-SILO CONSTRUCTION
The silo specialist assists in making estimates, and plans for
the erection of suitable silos, preventing as far as possible any
mistakes that might be made, and advises the crops best suited
for silage.
Other specialists not assigned to a project and paid for by the
U. S. Department of Agriculture were engaged with such prob-
lems as farm labor, watermelon disease and insect control, har-
vesting and storing peanuts and construction of sweet potato
storage houses. For the most part, this work was provided for
from special funds appropriated to stimulate production and
conservation as a war measure.

COMPLETION OF WAR PROGRAM
For the first six months of the calendar year just closed, all
Extension workers were absorbed very largely with winding up
the program prepared for the war period. The appropriations by
Congress were applicable until June 30, which provided for Emer-
gency county and home demonstration agents, assistant club
agents and city and urban workers. In several counties only
emergency agents were at work, and most of these for only four
days a week.
Specialists were also winding up the war program, and assist-
ing county agents in their regular and emergency work. On ac-
count of the irregularity and emergency nature of the work, it
is difficult to compile a report that would give a fair conception
of what was accomplished. It should be stated that these agents
gave every help possible in securing the acreage to be planted to
staple crops that had been estimated by the Federal Government
to be necessary for the maintenance of the nation and to supply
other states that would need large amounts of food stuffs from
this part of the country to carry them over until they could pro-
duce these supplies at home.






Florida Cooperative Extension


The unsettled conditions of labor and the increasing prices
made the labor situation even more difficult than during the
actual period of war. The Farm Labor specialist continued his
work with the same vigor and energy.and assisted in adjusting
labor conditions particularly in the intensive trucking sections, in
the packing houses, and for clearing new lands or where there
was a need of labor for an indefinite period. During that period,
many soldiers were returning to civil life and thru the Labor
Specialist many were placed in positions of various kinds, partic-
ularly in the truck growing and citrus areas.
It seemed especially necessary to have the emergency city
workers continue during this period because the regulations that
were laid down by the United States Food Administration were
gradually suspended. The city and urban home demonstration
agents carried out practically the same kind of work as during
the war period, that is, to conserve food stuffs, particularly those
of which there was an apparent shortage.
The stimulus in livestock production was just beginning to
show a decided tendency to increase, particularly with hogs. Dur-
ing the war period, the farmers had improved their hogs as never
before in the history of the country. Many had overstocked with
high priced animals and were not accustomed to selling these at
breeders' prices, nor were they familiar with pedigrees and blood
lines, and the Animal Husbandry Specialists employed on emer-
gency funds were able to reach many of these livestock people
and help them thru the critical period. This was also true of
poultry and dairy cattle. Where funds were sufficient, many
of the Emergency workers were retained on the regular staff after
June 30.
In order that there would be a definite increase in certain crops,
and to avoid over production in others, an estimate was made of
increases that Florida should make, and the Three-F Drive, be-
tween January 20 and February 4, 1919, was made with this end
in view. This was held at the request of the United States De-
partment of Agriculture, acting on the recommendation of the
United States Food Administration. The following recommen-
dations were made to the farmers of Florida:
That the corn acreage of 1,070,000 be increased 15%.
The peanut acreage of 510,000 be increased 25%.
The sugar cane acreage of 16,300 be increased 25%.
The sweet potato acreage of 38,000 be increased 25%.
The forage crop acreage of 258,000 be increased 15%.






Annual Report, .191.9


Meat hogs, consisting of 1,333,000 should be increased 15%.
Dairy cattle, consisting of 145,000 should be increased 25%.
Beef cattle, consisting of 865,000, should be increased 15%.
Poultry, consisting of 1,750,000 should be increased 33 1/3%.
Also, that there should be an increase in home gardens, par-
ticularly on farms. The number of farms in Florida is, approx-
imately, 70,000.
THE THREE-F DRIVE
The state of Florida was divided into districts of four or five
counties, and some member of the Extension forces assigned to
each as leader. The county and home demonstration agents ar-
ranged for the meeting places, and the Extension Division pro-
vided the principal speakers. For each meeting local speakers
were secured wherever possible.
Between January 25 and February 4, 162 meetings were con-
ducted in Florida, the total attendance being upwards of 10,000
people. Two and three meetings were held every day during that
period, and the total number of addresses made was 553. In car-
rying out the program, the co-operation of all state and local
organizations was secured, so that it was possible to have at
least two speakers at every meeting. This drive consumed the
time of every Extension worker during that period.

STATE MEETINGS
CITRUS SEMINAR, LIVESTOCK ROUNDUP
The Tenth Annual Citrus Seminar and the Fourth Annual Live-
stock Roundup were held on the University campus October 14-17,
inclusive. It was desirable to combine the program for these
meetings, as many farmers and growers are interested in both,
also because it made it possible to provide speakers of national
reputation for this occasion. While the programs were planned
to benefit those directly interested in citrus and livestock, sub-
jects related to these and of equal importance were presented.
When general subjects were discussed, the programs were com-
bined, but otherwise they were held in separate halls, and the
visitors given the privilege of selecting the program they pre-
ferred.
For the benefit of citrus growers, the program dealt with the
following subjects: Fertilizer experiments with citrus trees, fer-
tilizer experiments with potatoes; irrigation; spraying nursery
and citrus trees; marketing citrus fruits; co-operation between






Florida Cooperative Extension


citrus growers and county agents; utilization of tractors on the
farm and grove; decay of citrus fruits and vegetables in transit;
the value of parasites for the control of insects and diseases in
the citrus grove, and frost protection in the grove.
Other subjects of interest to growers which were discussed
were: Sugar Cane and Diseases; Bee Culture in the Grove; the
Work of the Federal Horticultural Board and the State Plant
Board.
The subjects taken up in connection with the Livestock
Roundup were: Beef Production; Livestock Markets; The Texas
Cattle Tick and Its Control; Forage Crops; Breeds of Beef Cattle;
Utilization of Silage; The Relation of Bovine Tuberculosis to the
Human Family; Breeds of Hogs; Care and Management of Hogs;
Velvet Beans for Brood Sows; Hog Sanitation; Care and Man-
agement of Dairy Cattle; Feeding for Milk Production; A Dis-
cussion of Breeds of Dairy Cattle; Principles of Livestock Breed-
ing; and Poultry Production, Management of the Farm Flock.
Some time was given each day for field instruction, judging
hogs and judging dairy and beef cattle.
By arrangement with the manufacturers of farm tractors, a
number of the tractor companies placed their machines on dis-
play on the University campus, and in the afternoons gave dem-
onstrations of their machines at work. A similar arrangement
was made to provide spraying machinery, giving growers an op-
portunity to see them in operation.
A milking machine was also shown, and was operated for the
benefit of the visitors. In all, thirty firms placed machinery on
display and in operation, each sending its representative.
Members of the Staff of the Experiment Station, the Florida
Agricultural College, the Extension Division of the Agricultural
College, and the Plant Board appeared on the program. Also
representatives from the Bureau of Plant Industry, Bureau of
Public Roads, States Relation Service, the Horticultural Board,
and the Bureau of Animal Industry, U. S. Department of Agri-
culture were on the program, as well as the State Commissioner
of Agriculture, Tallahassee, and the State Commissioner of Mar-
kets, Jacksonville.
Other speakers from outside of the state were representatives
of the Duroc-Jersey Breeders' Association; Berkshire Breeders'
Association; Poland-China Breeders' Association; Jersey, Guern-
sey, and Holstein Breeders' Associations; Hereford, Aberdeen-
Angus and Short-Horn Breeders' Associations.







Annual Report, 1919


Dr. E. V. McCollum, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore,
Maryland, delivered an able address; subject, "What Constitutes
An Ideal Diet."
Other features of the meetings were an Auction Sale of pure-
bred Holstein, Jersey and Guernsey calves, also of a private
herd of Aberdeen-Angus cattle.

COUNTY AGENTS' ANNUAL MEETING
The annual meeting of county agents was held at the Univer-
sity of Florida, October 10 to 17. From the 10th to the 14th the
agents were in executive session, discussing principally matters
that had direct bearing on the work of each county, in conference
with the Director, State, District and Club agents. During the
remaining days the agents attended the Citrus Seminar and
Live Stock Roundup.
Each year the policies of the work are discussed at this meet-
ing and plans arranged for the coming year.
The program consisted of lectures and laboratory exercises
under the direction of the staff of the College of Agriculture, the
Florida Experiment Station and the supervising agents in Ex-
tension work.
Speakers from outside of the University were Dr. Bradford
Knapp, Chief, and H. E. Savely, Field Agent, Washington, D. C.;
F. M. Bomberger, assistant director of extension service, Mary-
land Agricultural College, who delivered three lectures on County
Organization; L. M. Rhodes, state commissioner of markets; Dr.
Ralph N. Greene, state health officer; and H. B. Minium, state
board of control.


FIG. 2.-Offices of St. Lucie County and Home Demonstration Agents






Florida Cooperative Extension


HOME DEMONSTRATION MEETINGS
The eighth annual conference of the state home demonstration
agents was held at the State College for Women, Tallahassee,
September 1 to 15. This meeting was planned to give instructions
and make plans for home demonstration problems as they apply
to the different counties.
Those appearing on the programs were members of the exten-
sion staff, faculty members of the State College for Women, State
Health Officer, and specialists on agricultural and home economics
problems.
Provision was made on the campus of the State College for
Women for accommodations during the period of the meeting.
A Girls' Short Course was held from April 1 to 12, at the State
College for Women. Those attending came up from the various
counties. Their expenses were paid from some local sources.
When arriving on the campus, they were taken over by Y. W. C.
A. college girls. The girls were taken into the class rooms and
laboratories and instructed in the principles of nutrition, home
sanitation, gardening, poultry, dairying, etc.
A meeting of the agents from the counties in which the mus-
cadine grape club work is being developed was held in August.
Mr. Chas. P. Dearing, specialist, U. S. Department of Agriculture,
Washington, D. C., was present and gave instructions in the mak-
ing of the products from the muscadine grapes. They spent one
week at Tallahassee, working in the laboratory under Mr. Dear-
ing's instruction.
CLUB BOYS' SHORT COURSE
The fourth annual short course for the club members of the
state was held on the University campus the first week in Decem-
ber. One hundred and one boys from twenty-six counties at-
tended. The program provided for practical lectures to the boys
by the instructors in the College of Agriculture, and the Ex-
tension staff. They. received instruction in handling livestock,
growing of forage crops, judging hogs, dairy and beef cattle.
,T'The expenses in sending these boys to the University were
pr lovided for by County Commissioners and school boards, rail-
roads, boards of trade and individuals. The short course was
under the direction of the boys' club agent and his assistants.
Suwannee county sent 19 boys, which was the largest number
from any one ciinty. Hillsboro came second with 14.






Annual Report, 1919.


GROUP MEETINGS
Between March 24 and April 2, county agents were assembled
in groups, accompanied by the state, district and club agents, and
specialists.
The purpose of these meetings is to meet in conference for the
welfare of the work as a whole, and to come in contact with suc-
cessful farmers and livestock men.
These meetings were held in the counties of Escambia, Leon,
St. Johns, Putnam, Bradford and Polk.
Thru courtesy of the citizens, Boards of Trade and other or-
ganizations, conveyances were provided to conduct the agents to
the various farms in the county.
The plans for conducting the meetings in each county were
handled by the county agent.

ANNUAL NEGRO AGENTS' MEETING
As the office for the local district agent in negro work is at the
Florida Agricultural and Mechanical College for Negroes at Talla-
hassee, the Annual Meeting of the men and women county work-
ers was held at that Institution in January, 1919.
These workers were assembled for instruction so that there
would be a definite program of work for each county. As this in-
cluded both men and women, the Extension staff from the Univer-
sity of Florida College of Agriculture and the State College for
Women assisted with the program.
The instructors from several departments of the Institution
also assisted in caring for the agents and with the program.






Florida Cooperative Extension


REPORT OF STATE AGENT
P. H. Rolfs, Director.
SIR: Herewith is submitted the report of the state agent for
the year ending December 31, 1919.
Respectfully,
C. K. MCQUARRIE,
State Agent.

The beginning of the year found the work under the strained
conditions brought on by the war, when it was necessary to make
every effort to increase the production of crops of all kinds, espe-
cially food, feed and forage. The opening of this year found us
with all preparations made for a drive for increased production of
these crops covering the entire State at one time. This drive we
called the 3-F Drive, which meant increased production of food,
feed and forage crops. It was pulled off January 20 to February 4,
inclusive.
Drives of other kinds have also been held during the year, such
as special meetings for the control and destruction of the corn
weevil and other insect pests. One of the most significant drives
in livestock work was conducted in several of the counties, with
the aim of getting the swine industry on a more profitable plane
by preparing hogs for an early market so as to avoid marketing in
the fall, when the usual slump in prices takes place.
The usual number of Agents' meetings have been held during
the year. Group meetings were held in Escambia, Leon, St.
Johns, Putnam, Bradford and Polk Counties, from March 24 to
April 2, at which time a small number of the county agents, dis-
trict agents, state agent and others discussed the difficult prob-
lems that confront the agents and farmers.
The Annual Conference and School of the Agents was held at
Gainesville from October 10 to 17. The meeting this year was
somewhat different from any previously held, in that the execu-
tive meetings for the Agents were held the first three days of this
period, and then merged into the Livestock Roundup and Citrus
Seminar. Among the prominent speakers were Dr. Bradford
Knapp, Chief Cooperative Demonstration Work in the South,
Washington, D. C.; F. M. Bomberger, Assistant Director, Mary-
land Extension Service; H. E. Savely, Agricultural and Field
Agent, Washington, D. C.; Jesse M. Jones, Agricultural and In-
dustrial Agent, S. A. L. Railway.






Annual Report, 1919


At the beginning of the year there was a larger number of
agents in the field than usual, owing to the availability of the
emergency fund, specially appropriated by Congress for increased
crop production. Nine of the counties had agents working on the
emergency fund for four days a week. Twelve counties had assist-
ant agents appointed under the emergency fund. These were
mostly young men with agricultural training, and the majority
proved to be exceptionally well adapted to this work. A number
of them have been appointed regular agents since serving as as-
sistant agents. This emergency fund lapsing with June 30,
caused a reduction in the number of counties in the work, and re-
quired some time to get the proper readjustments made.
Bankers, merchants and county commissioners have responded
very satisfactorily to requests made upon them for assistance in
conducting the work in the different counties. This is evidenced
largely by the increased appropriations made; and also in a num-
ber of cases where the county commissioners were not disposed to
make appropriations, the bankers and others met them by deputa-
tion and requested appropriation to be made.
SILOS
During the latter part of May and the month of June, six weeks
in all, Prof. Frazier Rogers was in the field in the interest of silo
construction. His work was principally of an educational nature,
and surveying of the field in general. His visits extended as far
west as Washington county and as far south as Lake. Prof.
Rogers' reports show very great interest in this work among
dairymen and cattle feeders in general. He supervised construc-
tion of a new concrete silo at Mt. Verde Industrial School, and sev-
eral others in that district have expressed the desire to have him
come back next year in time to take up the silo construction for
the 1920 crop.
COOPERATION WITH SCHOOLS
Every year it is becoming more evident that the rural schools
are our strongest allies. The increased interest in agriculture
among school authorities is more apparent each year. Teachers-
are showing a willingness to cooperate, particularly in club and
home demonstration work. During the year I visited 25 schools
and talked to the pupils on agricultural subjects that applied
most directly to the particular location and the size of the school.
In the Hillsboro county rural schools I found a very great inter-






Florid&t Co'ope tatir(- Extznsion


est iri agricultural work, which can:be best explained by the good
'work done'in that county by the county and home demonstra-
tion agents. :
Other counties are showing equal interest. The school house as
a community center has now become one of the most important
factors in Extension work.

CROPS
A larger acreage of staple crops than usual was planted during
1919. However, the yields have not been as satisfactory as ex-
pected. This is principally caused by unfavorable weather condi-
tions. The winter of 1918-19 was unusually wet, rainy weather
prevailing well into the early spring, followed by a prolonged dry
period during the growing season.
The corn crop was short about one million bushels, and the
sweet potato crop was reduced about ten bushels per acre. The
yield of peanuts was seven bushels per acre less than for 1918.
The hay crops show an increased yield over 1918, and those pro-
duced after cultivated crops were exceptionally good and the
quality excellent.
The sugar cane crop, we believe, is the best on record. An in-
creased acreage was planted, and the extremes in weather condi-
tions did not seriously affect it. The high price obtained for sugar
cane products have stimulated the farmers to increase this crop,
and I believe next year will see a still further increase in acreage.
The shortage of sugar has stimulated a desire among a few
farmers to make their own sugar. We have assisted in this mat-
ter by personal suggestions, and giving thru circulars, the best
.methods of making sugar at the time of syrup making.
The small grain crops have been disappointing as to yield of
grain. Only a small part of them were threshed, but these gave
a fair yield of plump grain. Each year a large acreage of these
crops is used for hay purposes, most of the farmers finding this
to be the best way of utilizing them.
The upland rice crop is yearly assuming increased importance
among the farmers of the State. This year in the western section
there was an increased acreage, with very satisfactory results.
Rice blast has been reported from a few fields, but it has not
proven serious. The general method of planting rice is by drill-
Sing. This year a few have tried broadcasting like other small
grains, and reported very satisfactory results. A part of the rice






Annual Report, 1919 .,


crop has been cut for hay in the dough stage, and with satisfac-
tory results.
There seems to be a tendency among the farmers in certain sec-
tions to eliminate the cotton crop entirely, with the idea that by
not growing cotton for a year or two they may eliminate the boll
weevil. We do not believe that this can be done very satisfac-
torily, as the boll weevil migrates every fall, covering a very wide
area.
The acerage planted to peanuts was in some sections above, and
in other sections below the average. The results obtained have
not been as satisfactory as desired. The peanut crop in the cotton
sections has taken the place of cotton to a very large degree, and
the farmers report more satisfactory results from peanut than
from cotton, all things being considered, even at the present high
price of cotton.
The peanut oil mills have been unable to secure nuts at a price
to justify crushing, for the reason that there is a great demand
for peanuts for confectionery purposes. Prices have ruled high,
and the prospects are for an increased acreage in all peanut sec-
tions. County agents are urging selection and better methods of
handling seed, with the hope of increasing the yield and quality of
the crop.
FARM MACHINERY
The scarcity and high cost of farm labor has compelled many
farmers to purchase more farm machinery, with the result that
there is a very large increase in the new farm implements in every
farming section.
The farm tractor is gradually replacing the horse and mule
power, especially on the larger farms. Several public tractor
demonstrations have been made in different parts of the State,
demonstrating these machines on various types of soil and for
various farm operations. The demonstrations are usually well
attended, with the result that quite a number of new tractors have
been bought, principally for breaking purposes. There is an
urgent demand for a tractor suitable for cultivating purposes.
REMOVAL OF STUMPS
It is very gratifying to note the interest taken by farmers in
clearing their fields of stumps. A large acreage has been cleared
with stump pullers. Reports from those using dynamite indicate
that blasting by dynamite is one of the most efficient and least
expensive methods of getting rid of the stump.






Florida Cooperative Extension


ORGANIZATION
The work of the organization of communities and districts has
been persistently conducted by county agents during the past
year. Peculiar conditions in our State, however, render organ-
ization work among farmers somewhat difficult. However, the
value of effective organization was thoroughly impressed during
the war period in carrying out the war program. The new organ-
izations that have been coming into existence during the last few
months are going to be of a more permanent nature than those
during the war.
These organizations are intended to do similar work as that of
the Farm Bureaus found in several other states having a more
dense rural population.
Considerable progress has been made toward rural organiza-
tion in a few counties. A card index of the organizations of these
counties is kept in the office of the State Agent.
NEGRO WORK
The negro demonstration work is making steady and gradual
progress. It is under the supervision of A. A. Turner. The work
outlined for the county assistant has been carried out in a satis-
factory manner, and we look forward to still more progress along
this line. There was a total of 12 negro men and 18 negro women
agents doing emergency work in the counties. The most serious
problem in this work is the proper supervision. During this year
weekly reports are approved by the county and home demonstra-
tion agents before sending them to this office and the Washington
office. This added supervision has been helpful in most cases and
will be continued during the coming year. There is a wide field for
negro work in the State, and our efforts are mainly directed to
get as efficient service as possible.
FAIRS
It was my privilege to attend a number of the county fairs; also
the state fair held at Jacksonville. It is gratifying to note a steady
yearly improvement in the fairs, both in the number and quality
of products. Notwithstanding an unfavorable corn season, the
quality of corn exhibited at these fairs was above the average. It
was quite evident that the county exhibits at the state fair were
better than ever before. Eighteen counties were represented,
with the county agent in charge of the exhibit.







Annual Report, 1919


FIG. 3.-St. Lucie County exhibit, in charge of County Agent Warren,
at the State Fair
LIVESTOCK
The progress made in livestock work has been very gratifying
in every way. The agents have assisted farmers in selecting high
bred sires and dams, dairy cattle and hogs. A large number of
dairy cattle have also been brought into the State, and the dairy-
ing interest has been stimulated to a remarkable degree in quite a
number of counties. A few young calves have been shipped into
Florida with satisfactory results.
The livestock work by the county agent has received every
assistance from the Experiment Station. Greater interest than
ever is being taken in permanent pastures and feed crops.
J. B. Thompson, forage crop specialist, made several visits to
farms with county agents, also gave valuable help to them during
the agents' meeting.
CLUB WORK
The club work among the boys and girls has been stressed as
one of the most important features of the agents' activities, and
we are glad to report considerable progress along this line. G. L.
Herrington, who is in charge of this work, gives a detailed report
of the work in his annual report.


27







,28 Florida Cooperative .Extension

THE OUTLOOK FOR THE COMING YEAR
We are glad to note an increasing interest in the work year
after year by those most directly interested. The farmers of the
State seem to have an increasing realization of the benefits they
derive from the county agents' presence in the counties, and are
working in a cooperative capacity to a larger degree than ever
before. The counties that make only a small supplementary ap-
propriation for the work cannot possibly get the type of agent
they should have, with the results expected. Therefore, the coun-
ties where the larger appropriations are made are able to get men
with the qualifications that make the work very efficient.
Detailed tabulation of field activities follows.
The State Agent in the course of these activities traveled 1641
miles by rail, and 2060 by automobile and other conveyances.

GENERAL ACTIVITIES
Visits made by county agents....................... .................... 36758
M iles traveled ................................. ..... ..... .. .- ........ ...........268425
Call on agents relative to work.......................... ..................... .. 32631
Farmers' meetings held............... .............. ................... 3026
Meetings addressed ..................... ........ ........ ...---. ............- 2014
Total attendance .......... ......... ........ .............. 30737
Field meetings held by agents .................................................. 179
Total attendance at these meetings............................. ............... .. 5168
Percentage of time spent in office work.................................... 40
Percentage of time spent in field work........... ................... 60
Official letters w ritten.............................................................................. 26065
Articles prepared for publication..................... ....... ....................... 1615
Circular letters issued ........................................1788
U. S. D. A. bulletins distributed..................................... ..................... 32209
Bulletins or circulars from State sources distributed..................... 8158
Visits to schools............... ......................... ........................................ 706
Schools assisted in outlining agricultural course -- ............-............... 31
Short courses assisted in.................................... ..... .......... .................... 8
Total attendance .... ........................ ..... .............. .. .. .........- 54
Farmers' clubs agents have assisted in organizing..... ................ ......... 82
MISCELLANEOUS
Farmers attending short courses at college as result of agents' efforts.. 85
Boys attending agricultural or other schools or colleges as result of
club work .. ....................................... 99
Times visited by specialists from College or the Department................. 542
Demonstrators, cooperators and club members making exhibits--.......... 529
Prizes won .............................. .... ................-. ............... 281
Demonstrations in truck or small fruit.................................................... 333
Farmers keeping cost records at agents' instance................................ 276
Farmers practicing fall plowing as result of county agents' work.......... 3806
FARM AND FARMSTEAD IMPROVEMENTS
Buildings erected -.................................-........... 122
Farm buildings improved ......... ........... .............................. .......... 215
New building plans furnished..................... ........................... 38
Farm buildings painted or whitewashed............................... ................. 99
Home water systems installed or improved........................................ 58
Water systems in State before demonstration work started.---.................. 347







Annual Report, 1919 29

Number in the State now..................................... ...... ... ........ 42'
Home lighting systems installed........................... ..................... 4
Lighting systems in the State before demonstration work started........ 168
Home grounds improved........................... ...... .... .. ............ 79
Farm and home sanitary conditions improved................... .............. 150
Homes screened against flies and mosquitoes.................- .............. 151
Sanitary privies erected .. ..... ................. ......... .... ........... 65
Telephone systems installed............................... ..... ............... 314
Farmers induced to adopt a systematic rotation................................. 149
Total acreage .............................. .............................. 5585
New pastures established...................... ...... ..... ............ 206
Old pastures renovated............................... ...... ............... 39
Acreage comprised ........-..................- .... ...................... 611
Drainage systems established.................. ....... .... .... ... ............ 22
Farmers induced to drain their lands................... ................... 705
Total acreage drained:
By tile ... ............................................................... ........ 160
B y ditch .............................. .............. ...... ...................... ........ ...... 5051
Farmers who removed stumps............................. .......-.. ....... .... 385
Total acreage stumped.... ..... ...... ................................ 3815
Farmers induced to terrace sloping land........ ....... ......... 45
Total acreage terraced........... ................. ......................... ........ 3260
Home gardens planted........................................................................ 731
Farmers saving surplus farm products for winter use.............................. 1564
Farmers turning under cover crops...........- ......... .... ................. 559
New implements and tools bought...................... .................... 10083

DEMONSTRATIONS
CORN
Demonstrators................ .......- ......... .............. 405
Demonstrators reporting ............... ................................... 244
Total acreage grown under improved methods...................... .............. 2806
Average yield per acre, in bushels............................................- 18.6
Number planting selected seed .................................... ............. 200
Number who.fall plowed their demonstration acres................................... 219
Number who turned under cover crops on their demonstration acres.... 93
Acres harvested for silage... ..................... ........ ... 228
Acres treated for diseases or insect pests.................................. ........ 105
Farmers using better methods in growing corh this year...................... 2207
Farmers so influenced since county agent work was started................... 4720
COTTON
Demonstrators .................------ ......... ...........- 39
Demonstrators reporting ................ .............. 14
Total acreage grown under improved methods............................... 158
Average yield seed cotton per acre, pounds....-..-.. .......... ...... 2650
Demonstrators who planted selected seed...........................-- 32
Farmers field selecting seed for next year's crop................................ 32
Number who fall plowed their demonstration acres........................ ..... 10
Number who turned under cover crops on their demonstration acres..... 6
Acres treated for diseases or insect pests........................................... 132
Farmers using better cultural methods...................... .............. 183
SMALL GRAINS
(Oats, Rye, Rice)
Demonstrators ............. ............... ........ .............. 93
Demonstrators reporting ....................................... 54
Total acreage grown under improved methods............................. 566
Acres thrashed for grain........-........................................ 233
Acres cut for hay...... ................................ ............ ..... ......... 176
Acres grazed off ................................. ............... 149







30 Florida Cooperative Extension

Acres turned under for soil improvement............................................. 58
Bushels of seed treated for smut and rust......................................... 100
Farmers planting oats for the first time................. ....... 142
Farmers influenced to use better methods........................... ......... 297

SUMMER LEGUMES
(Cowpeas, Velvet Beans, Soy Beans, Peanuts)
Demonstrators ........... ......--....-.......- ............... 277
Demonstrators reporting ......................... ............... .. ........ 158
Total acreage grown under demonstration methods................................ 4516
Average yield grain.................................................. ..... ....... 13
Average yield hay ................................ .......... ........ ... ........ 1.4
Total acreage hulled for seed................. ............. .............................. 556
Total acreage cut for hay ............... ................................ ..................... 795
Number of acres grazed off ..................... ..--... .. ........................... 2494
Acres turned under for soil improvement...................... .................. 671
Farmers influenced to adopt better cropping methods........................... 3414
Estimated acreage planted in the State thru the county agents' in-
fluence ...... ........... .................................223174
SWEET POTATOES
Dem onstrators ........... ..................... ... ............ ............ 175
Demonstrators reporting ................................................ 38
Total acreage grown by demonstrators.. ........................................... 1656
Acreage treated for diseases and pests.................................. .............. 132
Estimated increased acreage....................................................... 2151
IRISH POTATOES
Dem onstrators ........................................ ....... .............. ................ 60
Demonstrators reporting .................................... ................... 37
Total acreage grown by demonstrators............................ 448
Acreage treated for diseases and pests............................................. 790
Estimated increased acreage ................................................. ................... 627
FRUITS
Demonstration groves .................................... ............ ....... 367
Total number of trees in these demonstrations.......................... 2113629
Groves inspected .................. ............. .... 96; number of trees 411365
Groves pruned .............. ......................... 52; number of trees 208655
Groves sprayed ............................................ 45; number of trees 144350

Totals .................................................193 764370
DAIRY CATTLE
Purebred dairy cattle introduced thru county agents' influence:
Bulls ...... ..................... .... -........................ 52
Cows and heifers..................................... ............... ....... .................. 471
Cows tested for production.................................. ...................... ...... 242
Farmers induced to feed balanced rations.................................... 491
Cattle fed ........ ...... .. .............. .... ..... ................. ................ 1431
Demonstrations in dairy work supervised.... ------...............-. ........... 26
Cows in these demonstrations.................... ........................... 6
Purebred dairy cows when county agent work was started.................. 1394
Purebred dairy cows now ......................................................... 3311
BEEF CATTLE
Pure blood beef cattle bought thru county agents' influence:
B ulls .......................................... ............................................................. 202
Cows or heifers....................... ............................................ 632
Grade cows introduced for breeding purposes............................................ 169
Beef breeding herds started............................................ ...................... 14
Feeding cattle introduced ..... ..... ......................................................... 538







Annual Report, 1919 31

Beef feeding demonstrations............................................ 2
Cattle fed ............ ........................ .. ........ ..................... ................... 153
Estimated number of beef cattle handled according to methods advo-
cated by county agents .................................................. ..................... 625
HOGS
Purebred hogs brought into the State this year due to county agents'
influence:
Boars ........................................ .......... 304
Sows or gilts............................... .. ......................... 1566
Extra head of purebred and grade sows bred........----................... 1158
Hog feeding demonstrations supervised by agents................................- 203
Number of hogs... ............... ..................................... 1187
Number of hog pastures started .................... ......... .................... 589
Farmers induced to grow grazing crops for hogs....................................... 13142
Estimated number of hogs cared for according to methods advocated
by county agents...................................... ....... ...............- 16462
POULTRY
Poultry demonstrations supervised............................ ........................ 109
Poultry cared for according to methods advocated by agents............... 58875
Farms on which poultry management has been improved.................. 212
Number of birds on these farms........... ............................... 5400
Number of eggs produced..-.......-.. -----.............(doz.) 2120
Average price, dozen....................... .................... $ .40
LIVESTOCK DISEASES AND PESTS
Number of head of livestock extension workers have induced farmers
to have treated for diseases or pests:
Cattle ................ ......... ...... .. ........ ................... ....... .................... 20514
Hogs ....... .............. ......................................... ... ....... ....... ............ ..220024
H horses ....................................................................................... .......... 335
FERTILIZER
Farmers advised regarding proper use of fertilizers............................. 5039
Fertilizer demonstrations ... .. ................................. ............. 369
Tons of fertilizer used......................... ................................ ................ 3836
Communities buying fertilizers cooperatively.......................... ............. 61
Farmers home-mixing fertilizers.......... ..................................... 267
Farmers who top-dressed crops with fertilizers................................... 750
MANURE
Farmers induced to take better care of manure..................................... 1174
Number that provided sheds........................... ....... .... .... 220
Number composting farm manure ............. ........ .................. ...... 373
Manure spreaders purchased by demonstrators .................................. 128
Farmers mixing raw phosphates with farm manure.................................. 525
Estimated quantity of farm manure saved, tons...................................... 49230
SILOS
Silos built in the State this year................................................. 49
Number built as result of county agents' advice........................................ 27
Number in State when county agents' work was started........................... 248
Number of silos in the State now......................... .... ................... 610
LIME
Farmers using lime due to county agents' influence.............................. 82
Quantity of lime used, in tons..... ...... .......... .................................... 119
Number of acres limed ............................................... .............. 577






Florida Cooperative Extension


EXTRACTS FROM COUNTY AGENTS' ANNUAL REPORTS

A campaign was started in the spring to have feeds planted for
hogs and have them ready for market in August and September
before the fall and winter rush reached the market and the
prices slumped. Ten or twelve cars of hogs were almost ready
for market when the high cost of living investigation upset the
market and the hogs were forced on before being finished. As
it was, however, the prices received were better than under the
old plan, for some hogs were gotten to market before the prices
reached the lowest level.
Three community fairs were held and four community exhibits
were put on at the county fair. In one community where the
county agent was told that nothing could be accomplished the
most successful fair of all was held and the people were very much
pleased to be shown just what they could accomplish among them-
selves.
In appreciation of the success and of the cooperation of the
County Agent with the fair association and in handling the Ala-
chua County exhibit at the State Fair, Jacksonville, the associa-
tion presented the County Agent with a gold watch.
COLIN D. GUNN,
Alachua County Agent.

The Brevard County Bookkeepers' Association is a most im-
portant piece of extension work. It was formed with the idea of
educating, assisting in marketing, increasing production and co-
operative purchasing.
"The County Marketing and News Letter" was continued thru
this year with increasing good results. It was impossible to keep
a complete record of the number of exchanges made by this
means. From scattered reports it was learned that as high as 90
per cent of items listed were often cleared up before time for the
next bulletin. The bulletin was effective in reminding the
farmers of time to plant, buy or sell produce, etc.
County exhibit at the State Fair was in charge of the county
agent. A 12-page booklet was published for use at Jacksonville
for advertising purposes. This is the first time in several years
that the county as a.whole has voluntarily supported any county
enterprise.
CHARLES D. KIME,
Brevard County Agent.







Annual Report, 1919..


There has always been a general scarcity of milk in the homes,
so I have undertaken to organize a calf club with the boys and
girls. Thru the Farmers' Association of the county we have been
able to organize a dairy association, and this association has
placed two cars of fine dairy cattle with farmers.
A very little spraying of citrus trees had been done in Hernando
county. This year I have emphasized more than ever before the
advantage of spraying the groves. Some demonstrations were
carried on and they began to see it would pay. More of the best
growers are now spraying their groves intelligently.
A marketing day is planned for the farmers of this county.
Hogs are being shipped cooperatively by the farmers with satis-
factory results. Auction days are being held at the county seat to
sell cattle, hogs and poultry.
JAS. MOUNTAIN,
Hernando County Agent.

We held a most successful camp for the club members at Flor-
idatown in June. The camp took the place of the annual short
course. Two members were selected from each of the boys' clubs
and the girls' clubs of the county. A schedule of work and play
was arranged. The meals were served cafeteria style, and the
boys and girls washed up the dishes, made their own bunks, etc.
One night we entertained a large number of friends and lead-
ing citizens of the county. Judging from the favorable comments
on the camp and its purpose, I feel the efforts were highly appre-
ciated.
In the various clubs I enrolled 120 members. With the help of
the home demonstration agent, 12 girls and boys' clubs were
organized and have met regularly. Of the 120 boys enrolled, 36
reported at the annual contest, and six boys to the State Short
Course held at the University. One of the scholarships was given
by the county commissioners and one by two local merchants of
Milton, and four from prize money won at the State Fair at Jack-
sonville.
R. T. OGLESBY,
Santa Rosa County Agent.

I have attempted to increase the acreage of sugar cane. The
increase is estimated at 75 per cent. This is not all due to my
efforts, as it is a popular movement, and is being encouraged by
every agency in the State.







Florida Cooperative Extension


I have made special effort to control citrus diseases and have
made good progress, especially in arousing interest in the control
of withertip.
The most important work I have accomplished is the attempt to
control the rat pest around the east border of Lake Okeechobee.
The rats had become numerous and were destroying the farmers'
crops. I organized the communities from St. Lucie Canal on the
North to Bascom's Point on the South, a distance of 10 miles, with
leaders for each community. As the expense was greater than
the farmers' could bear, I undertook to raise sufficient money to
finance the plan, and succeeded in raising $1400 in West Palm
Beach and surrounding localities. I used arsenic as the poison
and various kinds of bait. We changed bait each week, all of
which were effective.
Our campaign was entirely successful on the North two and a
half miles, as the farmers there had better leadership and put out
the poison systematically. Rats were killed in multiplied thou-
sands.
The southern end of the section was only a partial success be-
cause of a lack of cooperation-yet even there a great work has
been done. Thousands of rats were slain. This effort may lead to
better cooperation among the farmers in that region.
R. A. CONKLING,
Palm Beach County Agent.

Our farmers receive their principal income from the sale of
fruits and vegetables, and to a limited extent from poultry and
livestock, so I have worked to make these more profitable.
Eight months ago I assisted in organizing three community
Boards of Trade in different communities in the county. Then
assisted in getting the community boards and the city boards to
organize in one central Board of Trade. I have succeeded in get-
ting the bankers, merchants, lawyers and farmers all working
together in one body for the best interest of all.
I have assisted in organizing an agricultural and livestock asso-
ciation, composed of bankers, merchants, lawyers and farmers.
This organization is for the purpose of getting better dairy cows
and better beef cattle and for the improvement of agriculture.
J. M. BORING,
Lee County Agent.






Annual Report, 1919


In addition to my general work I am giving special attention to
systematic spraying, fertilizing, cultivating and developing of
citrus groves. The acreage of citrus in the county is so extensive
that one cannot cover all the ground required or asked for. The
agent has been successful in getting the growers to treat groves
more systematically-thus getting better and cleaner fruit to the
packing houses, which, of course, brings better prices. Field
meetings with growers have been held or "stump" lectures given
with the subject close at hand for comparison. Have been here
too short a time to get completely organized.
WM. GOMME,
Polk County Agent.

Starting late in the year as agent in Osceola County, I am en-
couraging:
First: The saving of farm wastes in form of barnyard litter,
manure and decayed grasses, and making it into a compost fer-
tilizer for use in growing crops.
Second: Pruning of all citrus, shade ornamentals, fruit trees,
to stimulate better growths, remove a great number of breeding
places for pests and to improve the looks of all orchards and home
places.
Third: Spraying of fruit trees, truck, vegetables and grasses;
prevention of loss of livestock by cholera; and starting the farm-
ers into creating small dairy herds, with the hope of gradually
forming cooperative dairying among all those having milch cows.
DR. R. THOR. WEAVER,
Osceola County Agent.

The three most important pieces of work which I have been
interested in for the past year are not yet completed.
(1) Establishing a co-operative buying and selling plan on a
larger scale, (about $1,500,000 this year).
(2) Establishing a system of checking the purchases of fer-
tilizers thru the analysis of the State Chemist, ($15,000.00 has
been saved to my farmers this year).
(3) Increasing interest in producing food and feed for home
consumption instead of shipping most of it in as has been the
custom. (Slight progress this year).
C. M. BERRY,
Seminole County Agent.







Florida Cooperative Extension


During the past year I have given every possible help to stim-
ulate the production of sugar cane, corn, sweet potatoes, Irish
potatoes and feed crops.
However, my most important problems have been those deal-
ing with citrus trees, particularly the control of disease and in-
sect pests, management of young groves, a revival of the pine-
apple industry and cultivation of truck crops.
Dairies are springing up in the best settled communities, prin-
cipally at Fort Pierce, Vero and Fellsmere. These dairies dispose
of their products locally, altho some milk is being shipped to
Miami and Palm Beach. With the increased number of dairies
must come the increased supply of feed stuffs, silos and pastures.
The number of hogs has not increased very materially, yet the
fact that the pure breeds are replacing the razor backs is the
best evidence I can submit as to the progress.
Last year the number of poultry in the county was 30,433 and
according to the best records that I can obtain, 150,000 dozen
eggs were produced, which is an increase of 25% over previous
years. I have given due attention to the club work, principally
corn, peanuts, pig and calf and milk clubs, all of which have done
a fair amount of work, and the results are gratifying.
The county is fairly well organized. Those organizations do-
ing the most effective work are:
The Fort Pierce Commercial Club, Indian River Growers' Asso-
ciation, Association for the Improvement of Pineapple Culture,
Fort Pierce Farmers' Club, White City Improvement Club, Citrus
Fruit Protective Organization, Vero Fruit Growers' Association,
and the Fellsmere Fruit Growers' Association.
My work has been materially strengthened by the help of the
Experiment Station workers, by Mr. H. S. McLendon, manager
of the Agricultural Development Service, Florida East Coast Rail-
road, and by the liberal support given me by the business inter-
ests and officers of the county of St. Lucie.
ALFRED WARREN,
St. Lucie County Agent.

Rice is one of our best paying crops, and is becoming more and
more in favor with the farmers every year. It is easily grown
and always finds a ready cash market. We have also found it
to be one of our'cheapest and best poultry feeds for the winter
production of eggs.






Annual Report, 1919


The campaign for a variety of small fruit on every farm has
been very successful. Peaches, figs, pears and grapes seem to be
better adapted to this locality than other fruits. These are the
ones we will stress another year.
J. J. SECHREST,
Holmes County Agent.

A general plan of work for producing better and cleaner fruit
in the county was put into effect.
Approximately 40,000 trees were given one or more sprayings
under the direction of the county agent.
Six hundred and fifty acres of grove were sprayed at a saving
of $1.00 per acre, by changing spray material and using a formula
gotten out by the U. S. Department of Agriculture. The mixing
of this spray was superintended by the county agent. Two spray-
ings with oil emulsion are given usually each year so the saving
per year will aggregate $1,300 on this acreage.
Three hundred colonies of Delphastus lady beetles were col-
lected and sent out over the State from the county.
H. G. CLAYTON,
Manatee County Agent.

A successful three-days' camp for club members was held at
Wimauma. County and home demonstration agents planned the
camp. Music and games were a part of the program. A school
near by lent the use of a piano. Had the use of a camp house
near a lake. County commissioners have appropriated money
to assist in a camp of this kind next year.
An attempt was made to show the agricultural products of
this county at the State fair. The work was considered success-
ful and I have been called into the fair proposition again.
R. T. KELLY,
Hillsboro County Agent.

The agent has assisted in planning and demonstrating in the
clearing of 120 acres of pine lands by use of stump pullers and
blasting. Carried thru a campaign of treating corn for weevils,
which has saved several hundred bushels for farmers in the
county. The cultivating and fertilizing of small citrus under:
supervision of agent show increased growth, but results from,
these plots cannot be determined at this date.






Florida Cooperative Extension


Tractor demonstrations in citrus groves were well attended
and successfully carried out, resulting in two of the largest grow-
ers of citrus placing orders for tractors and power machinery
for the coming year.
Field meetings were well attended and have proven to be the
best and most successful means of interesting the grower in
better fruit, better culture and larger production.
M. MARCELLUS JAVENS,
Lake County Agent.

Thru the pig club and the support of the banks and progressive
farmers of the county I have succeeded in getting at least one
pure bred hog on 90 per cent of the farms of Madison county.
My next work was to show the farmers that it was economical
to sell their products co-operatively. This was accomplished by
inducing a few farmers to ship a car of sweet potatoes co-oper-
atively. I went to see the farmers, guaranteed their money, and
in this way got the first car loaded. After returns were received
on the first car, all the farmers were anxious to co-operate and
eight cars of sweet potatoes and five cars of hogs were sold this
fall.
Realizing that the winter months was the improper time to
sell pork hogs, I began a campaign to feed hogs out for early fall
market and late spring.
There were no self feeders in the county so I began to build
self feeders and induced a few farmers to feed out three cars
of hogs for August market. There was an average of $397.60
per car profit on the three cars shipped early over hogs shipped
15 days later. These cars were sold between August 15 and Sep-
tember 6. There will be at least 30 cars fed out for early fall
market next year.
C. E. MATTHEWS,
Madison County Agent.

I planned a dairy educational exhibit, during the week of May
4, and put on the first dairy show in the state.
Designating four special days, "Holstein," "Dutch Belt,"
"Guernsey" and "Jersey," we gave samples of milk and dairy
products on their respective days, winding up the week by a mass
meeting, with talks on dairying by leading men and women.
Results have been very gratifying, twenty-one car loads of






Annual Report, 1919


dairy stock have been shipped in, and the demand has outgrown
the supply. A wonderful boost has been given the industry.
With proper care and attention, poultry does well and is a
paying proposition. I decided on a "Poultry Institute." Dr. N.
W. Sanborn, State Poultry Specialist, assisted me in holding a
three day institute, at which we had five lectures, twb of which
were illustrated. Every chicken entered was judged by a score-
card, following the plans of the Storrs College Laying Contest.
We formed the Dade County Poultry Association, and indi-
cations point to some good constructive work being done.
J. S. RAINEY,
Dade County Agent.


FIG. 4.-Alachua County exhibit, in charge of County and Home Demon-
stration Agents, at the State Fair






Florida Cooperative Extension


REPORT OF THE DISTRICT AGENT FOR CENTRAL AND
SOUTH CENTRAL FLORIDA

P. H. Rolfs, Director.
SIR: I submit herewith the report of the district agent for
Central and South Central Florida for the year ending December
31, 1919.
Respectfully,
E. W. JENKINS,
District Agent.

During the year I traveled by rail 10,878 miles, and by auto-
mobile 4,250, making a total of 15,128 miles; 130 official visits
have been made to the county agents, and 47 farmers' meetings
have been attended. At these meetings there was a total attend-
ance of 4,395. Accompanied by the county agent, 252 farmers
were visited. From these farms I was able to see the average
conditions and to give the greatest assistance to the county
agents;
The.general interest in the work is shown by the county ap-
propriations for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1920, which is
$23,450, as compared with $19,200 for the year ending June
30, 1919.
ORGANIZATION
The work of organization has been continued as begun last
year, but since June the idea of organization has developed
very rapidly among the farmers. One county has seven Locals,
with a Central County Organization. The indications are that
this county will have a Local Organization in every community by
next summer. Other counties are working along similar lines.

HOGS
This district, as well as the entire State, is developing very
rapidly into a hog raising section. Hogs are raised in this dis-
trict for both pork and breeding. We have some of the best
breeders, both of the Durocs and Poland-Chinas, that can be found
thruout the country. One breeder exhibited a sow at the Inter-
national Livestock Show recently held at Chicago, and won Grand
Championship.
Besides producing pork to supply farms of this section, several
hundred car loads were shipped to the packing houses. Many






Annual Report, 1919


farmers are shipping in carload lots. In some instances where
an individual does not have enough hogs to make a carload, the
county agents assist in working up a co-operative shipment.
When a community is organized, this co-operative shipping is
arranged for thru the organization.
Some good work has been done by the county agents in the
way of inducing the farmers to market their hogs thru the entire
year instead of putting them all on the market during a few
months of the rush season. It has been fully demonstrated that
this method will pay even tho feed is not so plentiful at some
seasons as it is at others.
The Alachua County Agent had one farmer who bought his
feed and fed out a herd of hogs, the results being given in the
following statement:
Ninety grade pigs averaging 971/2 pounds each were put in the
feed lot in May and sold in July after 58 days' feeding.
These pigs were out of half and three quarter Duroc and Berk-
shire sows and sired by Duroc boars. They were farrowed in
September, October and November, 1918, and followed the sows
thru peanut fields until spring, when they were put on oats pas-
ture.
The ration fed was 1/5 peanut meal, 2/5 ground corn, and
2/5 black strap molasses. The pigs were kept in a shady lot
and fed three times daily and allowed the run of a crab grass plot
at night. The cost of the materials fed was as follows: Peanut
meal $70 per ton, ground corn $4.50 per 100 pounds, molasses $40
per ton; total cost of feed consumed, $1100. At the beginning
of the feeding period the pigs consumed 200 pounds of feed daily
and this was gradually increased until they were consuming 750
pounds at the close of the period.
The financial statement rendered by this farmer on this lot
of hogs is as follows:
Value of hogs at beginning of feeding period......................... ......$1228.50
Total value of feed consumed in 58 days......................... ....... .. .. 1100.00
Original value of hogs and feed consumed.................................$2328.50
Gross returns from sale of hogs at close of feeding period............$2905.50
Less original value and feed cost- ............................ ................. 2328.50
Profit ........-........................... ........................ $ 577.00
These hogs were sold on the farm for 181/2 cents per pound,
and the buyer sold them on the yards in Jacksonville for 201/4
cents per pound, so that the profit shown is not so large as it






Florida Cooperative Extension


could have been had the feeder handled the sale of the hogs at
the yards.
These hogs were put on hard test and 25 were reported to have
killed hard.
Another farmer planted a crop of early corn, Spanish peanuts,
and cowpeas. This crop was ready for his hogs by July 1, and
on the third day of July the hogs were turned on this feed. August
15 they were marketed for 151/2 cents per pound. Thirty days
later these same hogs would have sold for 3 or 4 cents per pound
less.
Realizing the importance of good pastures for hogs, the agents
have continued their efforts along this line of work, and many
farmers have been influenced to put in pastures of oats, rye and
rape for winter and early spring grazing.
Much effort has been spent in keeping out cholera and other
diseases. When it is realized that where not more than three
years ago some counties shipping in pork to supply the farms
will ship out more than three hundred carloads each of hogs this
year, we feel that the agents' time and efforts have been well
spent.
The agents of this district have given the simultaneous treat-
ment to more than 34,000 head of hogs. They have advised worm
treatment for more than 6,000 head, and advised treatment for
20,000 head with other diseases.

CATTLE
A special effort has been made to place more dairy cattle in
the district. The results are that a large number of farms are
now supplied with either grade or pure bred dairy cows to supply
milk for the home.
The beef cattle industry has also received the attention of the
.county agents, and thru their efforts a number have been brought
into the district.

IMPROVED FARM MACHINERY
Possibly due to the scarcity of farm labor and to the efforts
put forth by the county agents to induce farmers to adopt im-
proved methods of preparation and cultivation, a great deal more
improved machinery has been used on the farms than ever before.
In one county, thru the influence of the county agent, 42 two-
horse breaking plows, 62 two-horse cultivators, eight disc har-






Annual Report, 1919


rows, four acme harrows, and six mowing machines were pur-
chased.
CANE
More sugar cane has been grown in the district than ever be-
fore. The acreage planted was large and the yield good. Almost
every farm will make and put up plenty of syrup for home use
and some for the market. In a great many cases this syrup is
put up in bottles or cans, which makes it easier to market.
Since the shortage of sugar has been so keenly felt in this
section, a number of farmers have made a portion of their crop
into sugar, and the quality is good.
The people of my district seem to have only recently realized
the possibilities of this section for cane growing. A larger
amount of seed than ever before is being saved. All indications
are that the amount of cane grown will be very much larger next
year than this.
VELVET BEANS
Realizing the importance of growing a large crop of velvet
beans, both as a soil improvement crop and as a feed crop, an
effort was made to get every farmer to plant velvet beans with
his corn. Some trouble was had in securing seed, but a great
increase was secured in the amount planted. Due to the increase
in the number of livestock, and the scarcity of labor, very few of
the beans have been gathered, but as a general proposition, the
stock have been turned on them while in the field.
SWEET POTATOES
Much interest has been shown in the growth of sweet potatoes.
The prices being unusually good in the early season caused a good
many of them to be dug and placed on the market early. Others
which are not used on the farm will be stored and marketed in
the spring. Some work has been done, thru the advice of the
county agents, in selecting sweet potatoes for seed.
PEANUTS
There was an increase of about 5 per cent in the number of
acres planted in peanuts, but due to the very low price and small
demand on the market in the fall of 1918, most farmers planned
their peanut crop with a view of feeding them to their hogs. The
high price and great demand for the nuts this fall has caused
more to be gathered for market than was expected.






Florida Cooperative Extension


The seed planted was poor, which caused bad stands and re-
duced the yield. The county agents have insisted on the selection
of good seed for another crop.

CITRUS
In all of the citrus counties the agents have carried on a num-
ber of demonstrations in spraying and fertilizing, and a better
general management of the groves, which has shown the growers
the value of spraying and fertilizing when properly done. In
every county the agent encourages the growers to keep in touch
with the Experiment Station and follow its recommendations in
controlling disease and insect troubles.

TRUCK
The agents in the trucking sections have given the truckers
valuable assistance by aiding them in the control of disease and
insect pests; also by assisting them in the purchase and use of
their fertilizer.
CORN
The acreage planted in corn this year was about 2 per cent
larger than last, but due to unfavorable weather conditions, the
yield as a whole was less.
An effort was made to show the farmers the importance of
protecting their corn from weevils. In one county we spent two
weeks with the county agent on this work. During the day we
would visit the farms, look over the cribs on the farm and sug-
gest to the farmer how he could convert the old and open ones
into airtight ones in which he could fumigate his corn. The
county agent would also demonstrate to the farmer the method
of husking his corn as he gathered it. At night we held meet-
ings at the school houses and other places, and gave illustrated
lectures showing development and work of the corn weevil; also
how they might be destroyed. In other counties similar methods
were used, and judging by the number of tight cribs built and the
amount of carbon bi-sulphide used, a great deal more corn will
be saved from the ravages of the weevil than has been done
before.







Annual Report, 1919


REPORT OF THE DISTRICT AGENT FOR NORTH AND
WEST FLORIDA

P. H. Rolfs, Director.
SIR: I herewith submit report of the district agent for North
and West Florida for the year ending December 31, 1919.
Respectfully,
S. W. HIATT,
District Agent.


The farmers' co-operative demonstration work in this district
covered the territory west of the Suwannee river comprising
eighteen counties, to which after July 1 were added the counties
of Suwannee, Columbia, Hamilton, Baker, Duval and Clay, mak-
ing 24 in all. With the closing of hostilities in Europe, the county
agents were relieved of considerable extra work they had been
doing and more general lines of demonstration work were at-
tempted. The work of the county agents and the results obtained
over this territory during the time covered in this report have
been very satisfactory.
LIVESTOCK
In the past very little attention has been given to feeding out
and finishing the hogs for either the late spring or early fall mar-
ket when prices are usually high. At the beginning of the year a
campaign was put on in nearly every county to encourage the
feeding and marketing of hogs in the spring and preparing for
the early marketing of hogs in the fall. This campaign met with
excellent success. Many new pastures have been established and
remarkable improvement made in care and feeding. A large
number of self-feeders have been introduced thru the efforts of
the county agent and a great many farmers have been satisfac-
torily feeding and fattening their hogs by feeding corn and peanut
meal thru these feeders.
Up to September 15 approximately 22,500 head of hogs had
been treated against cholera by county agents, the simultaneous
treatment being used almost exclusively.
A largely increased interest has been shown in dairy cattle this
season, especially in Leon, Madison, Jefferson and Calhoun coun-
ties.
Improvement in beef cattle is being carried on by the purchase






Florida Cooperative Extension


of better bulls, and the industry will develop rapidly as soon as
the cattle ticks are eradicated, which work is being conducted
extensively in a majority of the counties.

COLD STORAGE
Reports from Leon county show 43,000 pounds of pork cured
by the cold storage process in 1919 against 15,000 for 1918.
Many farm cold storage plants are in operation thruout the ter-
ritory.
HONEY BEES
In several counties the county agent has been instrumental in
making progress in the bee industry. This has proven especially
profitable in the gulf coast counties.

PEANUTS
A large acreage of peanuts was planted for both pasture and
market, but owing to the general poor stand obtained and weather
conditions the crop is not up to the usual standard.

SWEET POTATOES
The acreage of sweet potatoes was greatly increased this year,
with the result that canning factories were established at Mari-
anna and DeFuniak Springs.

CO-OPERATION
Co-operative selling of hogs and sweet potatoes in carlots has
met with splendid results. The co-operative selling of 40,000
pounds of wool at DeFuniak Springs under the direction of J. J.
Sechrest, county agent of Holmes county, brought the farmers
seven cents more per pound than the best offer made on a single
crop. Co-operative buying of seeds and fertilizers has been car-
ried on more extensively this season than ever before.

MEETINGS
A number of very successful farmers' meetings have been held
and several farmers' tours of inspection to other sections were
conducted. The agents in Santa Rosa county held a very suc-
cessful club meeting camp during the first week in June.
Group meetings of the county agents in this district were held
at Pensacola and Tallahassee in February.







Annual Report, 1919


REPORT OF DISTRICT AGENT FOR SOUTH FLORIDA
P. H. Rolfs, Director.
SIR: Herewith please find a report of the co-operative demon-
stration work in the South Florida district assigned to me for
supervision.
Respectfully,
A. P. SPENCER,
Vice-Director and District Agent.


The report herewith submitted covers, in a general way, the
active duties of the co-operative demonstration agents of Pinellas,
DeSoto, Manatee and Lee counties on the West Coast, and Bre-
vard, St. Lucie, Palm Beach and Dade counties on the East Coast.
As these counties are out of the general farming district, the
agents have necessarily confined their attention to activities best
suited to this section.
During the period of the war, the county agents urged a greater
production of corn, peanuts, feed crops and such pasturage as was
needed to maintain the work stock, dairy cattle and poultry, and
often urged farmers to rearrange their cropping season so as to


FIG. 5.-Magazine and bulletin rack in office of St. Lucie County Agent,
A. Warren.


e,







Florida Cooperative Extension


conserve the national food supply, and without special regard as
to profits. At the close of the war, this situation was changed;
farmers were no longer inclined to produce uncertain crops, but
again turn their attention to citrus and other fruits and truck
crops.
The production of staple crops has had its effect in that farm-
ers and truckers found they could diversify their cropping system
to a much greater extent than they had formerly believed; they
could utilize some of their lands during the summer months for
growing feed crops and pastures, and thereby keep a limited num-
ber of poultry and hogs. The production of these has not, how-
ever, contributed to any extent to the receipts from sales from the
average farms, but is furnishing home supplies and feeds in
more places than before the war period. This situation applies
to practically all of the South Florida counties.

PERSONNEL OF THE COUNTY AGENTS
The variety of agricultural interests and the general progres-
sive attitude toward agriculture has made it necessary to employ
county agents with strong personality and wide experience, par-
ticularly in horticulture. The work has taken a firm hold on all
agricultural interests, and it has been the policy in each case for
the county agents to co-operate fully with all community interests
'that are intended to bring about better conditions, particularly
'for those who live outside of the cities. The increased cost of
living, together with the kind of work required of the county
agent, has made it necessary for these counties to appropriate
a fund. somewhat larger than the average for the whole state.

CHARACTER OF THE WORK
In Pinellas the county agent work had been in progress for one
year only. As the income from agricultural products is derived
principally from citrus fruit, and very little trucking and farming
are in operation, the agent's opportunities for stimulating an
increase in home supplies were naturally limited.
There are, however, farmers located in all parts of the county
who are interested in the production of garden crops, sufficient
feed crops for their livestock and poultry, propagation of fruits
other than citrus, the care and management of a small flock of
poultry, a few hogs and one or more dairy cows. Others living
nearer the center of population were benefitted by the county






Annual Report, 1919


agent's help in the planting of ornamentals, and general improve-
ment of property.
The club work, with corn, pigs and peanuts occupied a good
portion of the agent's time. On account of the limited area used
for farm crops, the work accomplished was comparatively small.
The major problems were concerned with citrus groves, prin-
cipally care of young orchards, spraying, pruning and fertiliza-
tion, also vegetable crops, dairying, hogs and poultry.
The farmers of Manatee and Lee counties derive their income
from citrus fruit and truck crops. Here the agents were con-
fronted with the many problems of the trucker and fruit grower.
Efforts were made in each county to perfect organizations that
would promote better methods of spraying for insects and
diseases of citrus and truck. The agents made this a special
study, and called the Extension Pathologist to their assistance
when confronted with problems with which they were not alto-
gether familiar.
In Manatee county, the amount of corn following truck crops
was larger than usual. Some corn club members made good
yields. Some splendid hogs were produced. This, however, was
urged only where there was an acreage suitable for producing
the necessary feeds.
Dairying received special attention; the agent interested the
banks in making loans to the farmers to buy one or more milch
cows. The effects of this campaign, while not entering into the
sales from the county, resulted in a few farmers securing good
dairy cows.
In DeSoto, Lee and Manatee counties many tracts of land of
various sizes are being developed, much of it by people unac-
customed to farming and the agents had many calls related to
clearing, breaking, ditching and growing suitable crops.
On the East Coast the agents' duties during the past year have
materially increased. Several large tracts of land are being de-
veloped for grove properties, and many small tracts cleared and
developed for the production of home supplies, truck gardens and
smaller groves.
In Brevard county the principal production is citrus fruits but,
like Pinellas, a number of small owners are making a living from
.the products of their garden, poultry and in various ways. Many
of these have planted small groves on various types of soil, and
under a variety of conditions. Many of these groves are not mak-






Florida Cooperative Extension


ing the growth expected because of improper soil conditions and
too much moisture. The matters of drainage and cover crops,
and spraying and fertilization of these groves are an important
part of the county agent's work.
In St. Lucie county there has been a large development in
grove property, mostly by land companies who are selling off
tracts of various sizes for groves, cane and truck crops. Many
of the newcomers have limited means, and must make some re-
turns from their land each year.
Quite a large number of these farmers planted cotton during
the past two seasons and, being unaccustomed to cotton produc-
tion, many planted it on unsuitable lands, experimenting with
varieties of cotton, handling, insect troubles and securing pickers.
The crop generally was not profitable, so that the production the
present year is practically nothing.
At the request of the Government, castor beans were planted
on quite a large area on lands of all description; many of the
beans were never harvested, and on the whole the crop was dis-
appointing. This new crop, however, was looked upon with
much interest, while it was growing, and the county agents were
called, on many occasions, to make such recommendations as
they could regarding it.
The revival of the pineapple industry is one of the important
agricultural problems of St. Lucie county. About $1500 was sub-
scribed by property owners to conduct experiments, directed by
the Pathologist of the Florida Experiment Station. The county
agent is deeply interested in the matter, and is taking general
supervision of the progress of the experiments.
The St. Lucie county agent has been of the greatest service to
the citrus owners thru help secured in the care and management
of groves under five years of age.
The county agent in Palm Beach county has worked largely
with truckers and farmers in the Lake district. During the past
three years, the Everglade country in Palm Beach county has
received a large increase of truckers and farmers. The holdings
of most of these truckers are less than ten acres, and their crops
are confined to the perishable winter crops of South Florida. The
land being unusually rich, produces heavy crops of all vegetation.
The problems of this section are not different from those of
other pioneer sections. Good transportation is not yet avail-
able; the lands have risen in price at a rapid rate; comparatively






Annual Report, 1919


few of the truckers have been able to build good homes; the water
supply for drinking purposes must be provided. The agent has
endeavored to lend every possible assistance in the successful pro-
duction of such marketable crops as are profitable.
There is a deep interest in sugar cane production, and a few are
interested in livestock.
One of the main problems of the section has been to overcome
the destruction of crops by rats. The county agent was success-
ful in securing about $1,500 to purchase poison and bait for dis-
tribution around the edges of the truck fields. The rats were
numerous in places, and have caused severe damage to practic-
ally all the crops grown. By. organization of the farmers the
bait was distributed at regular intervals and, where consistently
handled,- materially reduced the number of rats.
Other problems of the county were those of the truckers and
fruit growers, dairymen and poultrymen, together with the con-
trol of the diseases and insects of citrus and other fruit crops.
In Dade county the work of the county agent has attracted
much attention, particularly toward the development of dairies.
The county is now tick free, which makes it possible to bring in
valuable dairy cattle from outside of the state. The high price
of dairy products has stimulated this production, and the future
for an important dairy industry seems almost assured.
Many high-priced animals have been purchased by the leading
stockmen. The county agent has been especially active in stim-
ulating a demand for high class animals, and has succeeded in
placing several head in the hands of individuals and also done
whatever is possible to procure the necessary home grown feeds.
Feed and forage and the usual problems of citrus growers and
truckers have been an important part of the county agent's work.
Thruout the entire district, each agent has worked consistently
for the improvement of rural conditions generally, and has given
full support to state and Government agencies that affect the
farmers' welfare. They maintained an office for farmers to
visit and where agricultural literature is conveniently arranged.
Some changes in the personnel of the agents have taken place.
In DeSoto county, W. A. Sessoms resigned, and was succeeded by
R. W. Blacklock who, after two months' work, was appointed
assistant club agent and was succeeded by J. M. Tillman.
In Manatee county, H. G. Clayton was selected to fill the place






Florida Cooperative Extension


of district agent for West Florida, and was succeeded by W. R.
Briggs.
Late in the year C. D. Kime was transferred from Brevard to
Orange county, and was succeeded by K. E. Bragdon, formerly an
employee of the State Plant Board.
In Pinellas county J. H. Jeffries resigned, due to the failure
of the Board of County Commissioners to continue support for
the maintenance of the work. County agents Boring, Lee
county; Warren, St. Lucie county; Conkling, Palm Beach county
and Rainey of Dade county have undertaken their problems in a
progressive and constructive way, each year making them-
selves more valuable to the farmers of their counties.


FIG. 6.-Basketry lesson, home demonstration work, at the Hillsboro camp







Annual Report, 1919


REPORT OF THE BOYS' AGRICULTURAL CLUB AGENT
P. H. Rolfs, Director.
SIR: I submit herewith the report of the boys' club agent for
the year ending December 31, 1919.
G. L. HERRINGTON,
Boys' Club Agent.


While it is the purpose of this report to portray the successful
achievements of the boys' club work, this year has not been en-
tirely void of difficulties. Some of the counties where strong
club organizations have been maintained during previous years,
such as Nassau and Clay, have been entirely out of the work this
year because no county agents were employed.
Polk, Marion, Baker, Washington, Gadsden, Sumter, Hamilton,
Flagler, and Okeechobee have had agents for only a part of the
season, which made it impossible to gather reports that would
give full credit for the amount of work that has been done.
In those counties where assistant emergency agents were em-
ployed, the assistants' duties were largely with the club boys.
When their services were discontinued June 30 the club work
could not be given enough attention to get the best results.
And these interruptions have not been confined entirely to the
county agents, for there have been some changes in the state
force. Due to lack of funds, Mr. Blacklock was transferred from
assistant boys' club agent to county agent the first of August.
He was reappointed to the former position two months later when
the other assistant boys' club agent, Mr. Highfill, resigned.

SEVEN BRANCHES OF CLUB WORK
All features of club work adopted during previous years have
been kept up this year, and some new problems that give promise
of success have been undertaken. Corn, peanut and pig clubs
were the main branches of the work until this year. To these
have been added dairy calf, beef calf, sugar cane and sweet potato
clubs.
We hesitate to take up new problems before the organization
of workers is sufficient to handle them, yet it is the desire to
make the club work applicable to the various farming conditions
found in different parts of the state. Conditions in South Florida






Florida Cooperative Extension


are so different from those in West Florida that the same club
projects cannot be successfully used in both localities.
The total number of boys enrolled is about the same as that for
last year, but their achievements in the various club activities
are much greater.
IMPROVEMENT IN EXHIBITS
One noticeable improvement is that of the exhibits of corn
brought to the county contests in the fall. The corn showed that
it was well selected, of the most adapted varieties, and had been
kept almost free from weevil.
Some splendid exhibits of peanuts were also shown and indicate
that there is a growing interest in this branch of work. A large
number of boys fatten pigs on their crops of peanuts and it is
not possible to show the results in the way of yield and profit.
Every county agent has adopted the plan of selecting for the
boys the best pigs to be had for reasonable prices. Thus the
boys see that they are receiving good individuals and are im-
pressed with the fact that they must keep them in the best of
condition and raise others as good or even better. Many a pig
that was placed on a farm two or three years ago was an enter-
ing wedge for a complete herd of pure bred hogs at this time.
SWEET POTATO CLUBS
The sweet potato clubs were organized in a few localities where
potatoes give promise as a commercial crop. The Santa Rosa and
Manatee county club boys seem to be most interested in this crop
and are making considerable progress. The first steps in stan-
dardizing varieties have been made and this promises to be help-
ful where potatoes are shipped in car lots to markets.
SUGAR CANE CLUBS
Much interest in the production of sugar cane is shown in
some of the southern counties, and many people are much con-
cerned over the production of cane for the manufacture of sugar.
It has been suggested by influential business men in these locali-
ties that cane clubs be incorporated as a regular branch of the
boys' club work.
DAIRY CALF CLUBS
'The production of more milk and butter on the small farm
hkas received great impetus the past 12 months. Perhaps this
was a result of the search for a solution of the high cost of living.






Annual Report, 1919


It was believed by members of the Florida Dairy Association that
dairy calf clubs among the boys could further this development.
It was advised that boys in any county raise dairy calves where
possible, but definite work has been established in Dade and Palm
Beach counties, where a car load of Jersey heifers and a car-
load of Holstein heifers were brought in and placed among the
boys. All were pure bred and due to calve within a few months
after delivery.
BEEF CALF CLUBS
There has also been an increased interest in the raising of
beef cattle. Twenty-five pure bred beef calves were placed among
boys in different localities by one bank. Since that time sev-
eral other banks and some of the breeders have taken up this
work and have made it possible for boys to purchase pure bred
animals. We are not attempting the baby beef clubs just yet.
At present we are endeavoring to distribute more breeding stock
among as many farmers as will properly care for them.
Perhaps Alachua county is taking the lead in the beef calf
club work. At the Alachua county fair the exhibit of calves















FIG. 7.-Alachua County boys' calf show

put on by the club boys attracted as much attention as any part
of the livestock show.
CLUB CAMPS
An encampment for the Hillsboro county boys and girls was
held on Lake Wimauma in the early spring. The purpose was
to bring all club members into closer relationship and to give






Florida Cooperative Extension


them special instruction while together. A course of lectures
was given during each forenoon and the afternoons were spent
in some kind of field observation work or in amusement games.















FIG. 8.-Setting up exercises at short course camp for club members

One splendid piece of work accomplished with the boys was
that of making a self-feeder for swine. The lumber, nails, and
hinges were provided by the county commissioners. A plan out-
lined in a bulletin was adopted and each boy present was re-
quired to work out the dimensions of each part of the feeder.
Then they went ahead and constructed each part as they had
calculated the dimensions. In this way each boy learned how
to construct a feeder for himself since he took part in making
this one.
Several county agents adopted the plan of getting the club
boys to build self-feeders and it resulted in a much more liberal
use of this great labor saving device.
The Santa Rosa county club held an encampment at Florida-
town in mid-summer. This one was equally as successful as
the one in Hillsboro and was very helpful in creating more in-
terest in club work. The expenses of each of these camps were
borne by the commissioners in those counties, and the commis-
sioners were so well pleased that in both counties they have
already made appropriations to finance camps again next year.

COLUMBIA COUNTY PIG CLUB
Another achievement that we feel proud of was the organi-
zation of the pig club work in Columbia county. For several






Annual Report, 1919


years no agent has been employed in this county and conse-
quently no club work has been done.
A prominent member of the Florida State Swine Growers
Association living in this county was anxious to see some work
put on among the boys of his county, so he took it upon himself
to finance those who were chosen as members of the pig club.
The assistant county agent in Suwannee was permitted to de-
vote a part of his time to the work in Columbia. After a few
weeks' work he had selected 46 boys for the pig club and had
enlisted nine prominent farmers to buy pure bred boars and
allow the club boys free use of them.
It had been agreed to purchase pure bred Poland-China gilts
about eight months old for the boys in this county. The county
agent in charge of this work went to Stockton, Illinois and
bought these animals on the recommendation of the Secretary
of the American Poland China Record Association. It was a
big day in Lake City when they arrived and were delivered to



-M

WWI
















FIG. 9.-Oliver Fowler, of Hernando County, feeding his Duroc sow

the boys and girls who had been selected as members of the
club. It was another big day when the county contest was held
in the fall and the boys brought back to Lake City 17 mature






Florida Cooperative Extension


sows that would compete well in any Southern show ring. Many
others would have been exhibited had it not been too near the
farrowing dates.
Some of the boys in this county have been among the most
successful in the State. This piece of work resulted in the county
commissioners making appropriation to employ a county agent
to take charge of the work permanently in Columbia county.

STATE CLUB CONTEST
The State contest and exhibit held at the State Fair in Jack-
sonville was far beyond any that has been held previously. The
exhibit consisted of 1650 ears of corn, 20 exhibits of sweet
potatoes, 30 exhibits of peanuts, 25 pure bred pigs and 6 pure
bred calves.
Following is the standing of the various counties in the corn,
peanut and sweet potato club contests:
CORN
25-10-ear exhibits: Holmes county, first; Hernando, second;
Santa Rosa, third.
20-10-ear exhibits: Baker county, first; Washington, second.
15-10-ear exhibits: Suwannee county, first; Madison, second.
10-10-ear exhibits: Putnam county, first.
5-10-ear exhibits: Marion county, first; Alachua, second.
SWEET POTATOES
20-1-peck exhibits: Santa Rosa county, first.
PEANUTS
20-1-gallon exhibits: Madison county, first.
5-1-gallon exhibits: Palm Beach county, first.
Liberal prizes are offered in all phases of the State contest.
The donors of the following special prizes deserve full recogni-
tion:
Grand Championship prize in the pig and calf club contests
$250 each, for scholarships to the College of Agriculture, donated
by Williamson & Dennis of Jacksonville. Reserve championship
prizes in the pig and calf clubs, $150 each, to be used in paying
expenses to the International Livestock Show at Chicago, donated
by Armour & Co. At the meeting of the Florida Bankers' Asso-
ciation in March their plan of giving one $200 scholarship to the
College of Agriculture was changed to three scholarships of $100
each. This makes five scholarships to the College of Agricul-
ture offered to club boys annually.






Annual Report, 1919


All club boys were invited to attend the State Fair and club
contest on Thanksgiving Day. More than 100 boys were present
from various counties. A livestock judging contest was, held with
teams competing from the College of Agriculture, the State club
organization, and Duval county club. These teams judged horses,
beef cattle, dairy cattle and swine. The final standing of the
competing teams were College of Agriculture, first; State club,
second, and Duval county, third. A member of the State club
team tied with a member of the College team for honors as the
best individual judge.

THE SHORT COURSE

The fourth annual short course in agriculture was held at the
College of Agriculture the first week in December. It was at-
tended by 101 club boys coming from 26 counties. No trouble
was experienced in any way whatever and all who attended
seemed to derive much benefit from the course. Suwannee


- ,'.*~ ~


FIG. 10.-A self-feeder built by club boys

county led in the number attending the short course with 19
present, under the. personal supervision of their county agent.
Hillsboro followed second with 14 present.







60 Florida Cooperative Extension

PUBLICATIONS
Two bulletins and one circular have been written by the club
staff, as follows: Extension Bulletin No. 16, "Boys' Agricultural
Clubs"; Extension Bulletin No. 20, "Self Feeders for Swine";
and Circular No. 10, "One Hundred Bushels of Corn Per Acre".
For the purpose of keeping the public informed as to the
progress of the club boys, one column of the Agricultural News
Service has been devoted to club activities in almost every issue.
Special articles have also been prepared for many agricultural
papers.
SOUTHERN CLUB AGENTS' MEETING
At the close of this year's work the boys' club agent attended
a meeting of the club agents from all Southern States held in
Gulfport, Mississippi the latter part of December. Splendid
progress is being made in all Southern States and all indica-
tions prove that the work in Florida is keeping pace with that
in any other state.

BOYS ATTENDING SHORT COURSE AT UNIVERSITY
ALACHUA COUNTY
Name. Address Age
Nelson N. Bennett.................................Alachua ........... ......................... ........ 14
Everett Skipper .......................................Hague ..........-... ............ .... 13
Sam uel E. Skipper...................................H ague ..................... ...................16
Jas. E. Fraser............... ....................Hawthorne ....................................... 16
Ruff Hodge ..... ......................... ...Newberry ............. ....................... 18
John Smith, Jr.........................................Newberry .................. .............. 16
BAKER COUNTY
Lacy M obley ...................... ... ....................McClenny .......... ... ..................18
BRADFORD COUNTY
Eurie Brown ............................. ...... Lake Butler .--.............. ......... ..........16
Seber Stokes ............................... ......... Lake Butler ... .................................. 17
Clarence Rhoden ..... .............................Raiford ...................... .............. 14
BREVARD COUNTY
Ruben Gran ......... ...................... .. ... Micco ..... ........ ...... ....... ..........17
Roy Hilliard ...............-......................- Pineda ............. ............ ..........14
BROWARD COUNTY
Clifford Hammer ............. ................ Davie ...... ............... ......... ..... 14
DADE COUNTY
Joseph A. Johnson ... ......................... Goulds ... ............. -....... .... .......14
DESOTO COUNTY
David Alderman .................--..... ...-.. Arcadia ............ --....... ................ 14
Jeffrey D. Yates ...........................-----...Arcadia ....adia .............. --................ 17







Annual Report, 1919 61

DUVAL COUNTY
.Harold Broya Buie ................................ Bayard ..... ------................ ................. 13
Herman Mader ........................................Bayard ...........................................15
Willis Pickett ..........................................Grand Crossing ....................................17
Lem Wingate ............................................ Grand Crossing ....................................13
Arnold Watson ........................................ So. Jacksonville ....................................13
Douglas Watson ...................................... So. Jacksonville ....................................12
SESCAMBIA COUNTY
Lewis Floyd ..............................................Cantonment ........................................15
J. E. Haynes, Jr......................................Pensacola ........................................ 14
Harvey Barrineau ....................................Quintette ............................................14
HAMILTON 'COUNTY
Ralph Gail Tuten............ ................. Jasper ............................................. 12
David Smith ..... ...................................Jennings ................ ........................14
Paul Smith .......................................... Jennings ............................................16

HERNANDO COUNTY
Bernard Mountain ..................................Dade City ...........................................12
Elmore Wernicke .................................Brooksville ........................................ 14
HILLSBORO COUNTY
Jesse Alderman .......................................Lakeland ................................................18
Jesse W. Barker .......................................Plant City ............................................14
DeFay Blitch .....................--.................Plant City ............................................14
Charlie Booth ........................................Plant City .............................................13
Alton English ..........................................Plant City .............................................14
,James Futch ........................................Plant City .............................................16
Don Miley .................................................Plant City .......................................... 14
Glenn Miley .............................................. Plant City ..............................................16
Louis Nesmith ...........................----.............Plant City ..............................................16
Powers Taylor ..........................................Plant City ............................................12
Luther Webb ........................................- Plant City .............................................15
C. H. Taylor, Jr............................-- ........Plant City ..................... ---.................. 15
Moriss Young ......................--- ......--..........Plant City .........................----............ 13
Thos. H. Ellerbe......................................Wimauma .............................................15
HOLMES COUNTY
Deal Royalls ....... ---- ---- .... Darlington .......................................--18
Paul Statt ............ ....-.. ..Bonifay ...... .........................-....... 12
LIBERTY COUNTY
Robert Turner .................................----Bristol--................ ........................ 16
MADISON COUNTY
Ivey McCollough ....-- ......----.-- ......--- Lee .......................---... ...-.---- ....--- 17
Early Rains ..........---------Madison ...................................... ..16
Roy Claude Seals...............---- ..... Madison .................................................16
Burton Walker .....--. ------ Madison .......-----------................................. 11

MANATEE COUNTY
Lonnie Collins ..........................................Oneco ----------........................................ 14
Rollo E. Downing ..........................--.......Parrish .................................................16
Shelton V. Downing.............-----..............-------Parrish .................................................17
Millard Guess ..........................----- .......... Bee Ridge .......................................... 15

MARION COUNTY
'Arthur R. Douglas.....---.... Ocal......... ................................ ..........16
Vernon Neil ....................................-- Ocala ............................................... 16







62 Florida Cooperative Extension

OKALOOSA COUNTY
Ernest Griffith ......:............................. Galliver ........................................... 17

OKEECHOBEE COUNTY
Guy Holman ................................... Okeechobee City .............................. 17
POLK COUNTY
Ernest Clark ..................................... Bartow ....... ............. .....................11
W. Olive Clark........................Bartow ......................................15
George W. Mann................................. Bartow ...................... ...................13
W illie Anderson ......................................Chicora ..................... ...................... 18
Carl C. Stephens................................... Chicora ..................---- .........................17
Francis Pipkin .............. ........Lakeland ....... ...........................15
John Pinaire ...........................................Lake Hamilton ...................... ..........13

PUTNAM COUNTY
Ernest Carnes ........... .......................... Florahome ......... -............... ... ......... 14
Carl C. Carnes----.....................- ........Florahome ..................................... 17
G. W. Cottingham............................. -Florahome ............ ......................14
Richard McGrath' --............................ Florahome ... ..................................17
Percy B. Revels.................................. Florahome .................Flora.................... 18
Geo. Orville Tyre....................... ....... ..Florahome ..........................................18
Ernest Motes................................ Hollister ................... .....................12
ST. JOHNS COUNTY
Joe Brown ................... .......... .... ... ... St. Augustine ........................................14
ST. LUCIE COUNTY
Victor Robertson ........................... .......Vero ...................................... .. 17
SANTA ROSA COUNTY
Robert Camp ..........-....... .................. Milton................... ................15
Roy H olland ........................................ M ilton ........................................- 15
A lton Johnson ............................. ............. H olt ..................................... ........ .......15
Eugene Johnson .............................Holt .........................................13
SUWANNEE COUNTY
Henry Dorsett .............................Branford ..................... ...........................15
Willie Wade Edenfield........ ....Branford............................. ......... .....14
Lamar Martin ..............-...................-Branford .............................................16
Cephas Peterson ................------....Branford ................................ .. 17
Jack Rowell ............ ........ ......B ford ........................................15
Kenneth Faulkner .................. .......... Dowling Park ......................................10
J. C. Gammon................................... Dowling Park ................................ 11
G. S. Payne, Jr....................................Dowling Park ............. .............. 11
Minas Payne ..................................----Dowling Park .-................................15
Dewitt Coleman ..........................-... ..... Live Oak ...............................................16
Albert Jones ...................Live..................... ................... .......16
Dan T. Law ...... ........... ..................... Live Oak ........................................... 17
Alton McCullers -------................ ---.. ....... Live Oak ......- ... ........ ...... ...... 15
Clinton Leggett ......- ..........- ....McAlpin ................... ..............-- 14
Ralph Baker ............ ........O'Brien ............-..... --..............-.....13
Russell Scarborough ............. .-----O'Brien ........................................14
Roy Jenkins ................. ...-------Pine Mount ......-........................... 14
Vernon Davenport ................---- ....Wellborn ..........................................16
Cyril G. Rogers--.......... ....Wellborn ..-.........................................17.
TAYLOR COUNTY
Henry Bird .......... ....... ..--- ..Perry ...................... .............. ..... 14
John Bowdoin .............. -- --- ... ................................................18
Broward Cullpepper .......---.......--.......Perry .......................................... ..12







Annual Report, 1919


REPORT OF ASSISTANT BOYS' AGRICULTURAL CLUB
AGENT
P. H. Rolfs, Director.
SIR: I submit herewith the report of the assistant boys' agri-
cultural club agent for the year ending December 31, 1919.
Respectfully,
R. W. BLACKLOCK,
Assistant Boys' Club Agent.


The total enrollment was 3,099 members, divided as follows:
Corn club, 1,098; peanut club, 173; pig club, 1,706; and miscella-
neous clubs (cotton, sweet potatoes, cane, calf, etc.), 122.
The enrolling of boys in the different clubs was hindered to a
great extent by the shortage of farm labor. The older boys were
needed as regular farm hands and the smaller ones were forced to
do more regular farm work than even under war conditions. These
conditions caused many of the older boys to withdraw from the


FIG. 11.-"Where there's a will there's a weigh"


club work. The crop clubs were affected more than the animal
clubs, as the increase for the pig club was 210, while for the corn
club there was a decrease of 235.








Florida Cooperative Extension


The following table gives the enrollment by counties:

ENROLLMENT OF CLUB BOYS IN 1919


County

Alachua ................. 38
Baker ..................... 33
Bay ......................... 4
Bradford ................ 27
Brevard ............... 8
Broward ..............................
Calhoun .................. 5
Citrus .................. 8
Clay ................... 44
Columbia ............ 4
Dade ................... 2
DeSoto ................... 26
Duval ...................... 16
Escambia ............ 28
Flagler ................... 16
Gadsden .................. 6
Hamilton ........... 23
Hernand ............. 26
Hillsboro ................ 50
Holmes ............... 95
Jackson ................ 17
Jefferson ............ 6
LaFayette .............. 9
Lake ....................... 15
Lee ........................ 5
Leon ........................ 12
Levy ........................ 2
Liberty .................. 28
Madison .................. 45
Manatee ....... ... .28
Marion ................... 25
Nassau ................... 7
Okaloosa ................ 34
Okeechobee ....... ............
Orange ................... 24
Osceola ........ .... 6
Palm Beach .......... 35
Pasco ...................... 8
Pinellas .................. 1
Polk ....................... 31
Putnam ................. 22
Santa Rosa ............ 50
Seminole ............... 2
Sumter .............. 24
Suwannee ........... 37
St. Johns .............. 10
St. Lucie ............... 4
Taylor ................... 12
Wakulla ................. 5
Walton ................... 38
Washington .......... 94


Total ..............I 1098


1706 I 173 122


a ,
CL| Ia S


L


55 8
25 2
6 1
93 4
12 .............
... ........ ....................
14 1
14 1
26 1
113 1
30 2
62 ..................
36 1
87 9
6
1
39 1
20 1
10 1
125 10
48 7
10
24 3
7 2
18 1
48
2 1
22 2
120 18
36 2
71 15
6
11 7
.................. ....................
26 1
21 ....................
15 23
60 ....
22 3
25 ....................
35 .....
38 4
2 1
28 2
56 26
20
20 ....................
13 2
27 2
4 4
50 1
68 2


8




7

3
9
1
16
8

3












1






12
6

5


49

8




1
17


... .... ....--







Annual Report, 1919


The total corn production of the State was 12,470,000 bushels,
with an average of 15 bushels per acre. The club boys produced
9,863 bushels on the 276 acres reported, an average of 35.7 bushels
per acre.
This corn was produced at an average cost of 48 cents per
bushel. Valueing the corn at $1.25 per bushel, it would leave a
profit of $27.35 per acre, or a total of $7,548 profit to the 276 boys
reporting.
COUNTY CONTESTS
One decided increase in 1919 over 1918 was the quality of the
ten-ear exhibits shown at the county contests. The exhibits
showed that the boys had given time and careful study in the se-
lection of their ten ears. This decided superiority in the exhibits
over previous years demonstrates that our club boys are putting
into practice the better methods taught them by the county
agents.
Holmes county led in number of boys reporting at the county
contests, and Putnam county led with the highest average yield,
10 boys reporting an average yield of 55.3 bushels.
The following table of reports was collected from corn club
boys, and is arranged in order of number of reports from each
county. When two counties have the same number of reports, the
one having the highest average yield per acre is placed first.
SUMMARY OF 276 CORN CLUB REPORTS



County

c S "i

Holmes ........................... 44 1546.0 35.1 .58 75.0 .45
Hillsboro ......................... 32 1170.0 36.5 .39 87.5 .14
Hernando ................... 26 953.0 36.2 .39 66.5 .18
Santa Rosa.................... 23 633.0 27.5 .75 45.5 .42
Washington .................... 21 707.0 33.5 .56 65.0 .38
Baker ........................... 18 521.0 29.0 .61 42.0 .49
Okaloosa .................... 15 495.0 33.0 .69 51.0 .70
Putnam ........................... 10 553.0 55.3 .26 90.0 .16
Liberty .. ................. 9 364.0 40.4 .39 61.5 .30
Suwannee ...................... 9 285.0 31.6 .49 55.0 .17
Duval ....... ................ 8 186.5 23.3 1.03 45.0 .78
Madison ........................... 7 350.0 50.0 .36 71.5 .18
Marion ...........................I 7 276.0 40.8 .35 64.0 .42
DeSoto .. ........................ 7 253.5 36.2 .45 52.5 .46
Escambia .......................I 7 177.0 25.2 .78 35.2 .60
Orange ......... 6 265.0 44.1 .31 86.6 .20
Taylor.. ..... 6 259.0 43.1 .41 49.0 .30
Jackson .......... ........ 4 143.0 36.0 .52 46.0 .22
Polk ......................I 4 99.0 24.75 .46 27.0 .38
Alachua .................. ... 3 118.5 39.5 .54 47.4 .33
Manatee ......................... 3 78.0 26.0 .55 30.0 .36
Hamilton .................... 2 132.5 66.2 .48 79.5 .61
St. Johns .................. 2 128.0 64.0 .20 75.0 .18
Palm Beach ................... 2 90.5 45.2 .56 52.5 .40
Calhoun ................... 1 79.5 79.5 .14 79.5 .14


Total ........................ 276 9863.0 35.7 .484 59.5


S.33






Florida Cooperative Extension


PEANUT CLUBS
The club work with peanuts is progressing. The boys in this
:club made very satisfactory profits, as the price paid for the nuts
was as high as $2 and more per bushel. The average yield was 38
bushels per acre, produced at an average cost of 29 cents per
bushel. The hay paid for the cost of picking, leaving an average
profit of $65 per acre.
PIG CLUBS
The pig club continues to be the most popular, due to the fact
that many boys doing regular farm hands' work in the fields have
time to look after a pig, while they are unable to plant and prop-
erly care for an acre of crop. The total enrollment of pig club
members was 1,706.
Santa Rosa, Madison, Columbia and DeSoto counties had excep-
tionally fine exhibits at their contests, and the following gives
some interesting facts regarding some of the pigs exhibited:
MADISON COUNTY





Total, 18 records.. 766 3705 2939 3042 17.5
Average ............... 42.5 205.8 163.3 169 .966 6.4 cents
SANTA ROSA COUNTY
Total, 13 records. 648. 2708 2068 1980 12.26
Average ............ 49.8 208.3 150.5 160 .94 11.7 cents
DE SOTO COUNTY
Total, 12 records.. 577 2127 1550 1938 9.55
Average ........... 48 177.2 129.2 161.5 .8 11.4 cents
COLUMBIA COUNTY
Total, 13 records.. 1487 3837 2350 2540 I 12.65
Average ................ 114.3 295.1 180.7 196 .97 13.3 cents

This shows that good gains are not confined to any particular
section of the State. The pigs in DeSoto county, in the southern
part of the State, made nearly as large daily gains as did those in
Santa Rosa county, in the extreme western end, and at a slightly
smaller cost per pound of gain.
The daily gains and cost of gain for the 56 records in the above
four counties are given in the following table, which shows that







Annual Report, 1919


the club boys are producing good, well grown and developed breed-
ing stock at very reasonable cost:



*S S 1

Total, 56 records I 3478 12377 8899 9500 52.06
Average ................ 62.1 221 158.9 169 .93 10.3 cents
CALF CLUBS
The calf clubs are being carried on with both beef and dairy
calves. The dairy work is at present being pushed most in Dade
county, where 16 boys and girls are raising dairy heifers. The
beef calves are scattered over the central section of the State,
with the best and largest club in Alachua county.
In Alachua county the boys and girls showed their calves at the
Alachua county fair. That these calves were of most excellent
quality and finish is shown by the fact that an Angus bull calf
shown by a club boy won not only first in his class and grand
champion Angus bull but also Sweepstakes over bulls of all breeds
shown.
.>


FIc. 12.-Putnam County Agent, L. Cantrell, lecturing to his club
boys on the selection of seed corn







Florida Cooperative Extension


REPORT OF THE STATE HOME DEMONSTRATION AGENT
P. H. Rolfs, Director.
SIR: I submit herewith the report of the state agent for home
demonstration work for the year ending December 31, 1919, with
a statistical report for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1919.
Respectfully,
SARAH W. PARTRIDGE,
State Home Demonstration Agent.


In reviewing the home demonstration work accomplished dur-
ing the year, it is found that tho the work was done under dis-
turbed conditions, it is an established institution in Florida life.
These disturbances were due, first, to an epidemic of influenza.
Then there came a shift from wartime to post-war plans; a change
in the plan of organization; and a loss of the State Agent, to
whom we had looked so long for direction.

ORGANIZATION
During the fiscal year closing June 30, 1919, the home demon-
stration staff was composed of a state agent, an assistant state
agent, two special assistants, one in charge of poultry work, one
in charge of home dairy work; two district agents, with two as-
sistafts each in their respective districts; one secretary and
three stenographers; county home demonstration agents; urban
agents; special assistants in canning; and eighteen negro county
assistants to the home demonstration agents.
Beginning July 1, the work of a number of the field workers
and the assistant district agents was discontinued, thereby re-
ducing the organization to the state agent, assistant state agent,
two district agents and two specialists.
In organizing the home demonstration work for negroes, the
response from the counties was most gratifying. This work
had been maintained almost entirely on emergency funds. When
these funds were withdrawn it became necessary to supplement
state and federal aid with substantial county appropriations.
Because of the excellent work done by these agents during the
previous year, every county to which an agent has been ap-
pointed appropriated funds for the work.






Annual Report, 1919


AGENTS AND EQUIPMENT
In selecting agents for this work personality, adaptability,
initiative, character and training have been carefully considered.
The advance in the cost of living, of car and operating expenses,
and the demand in other fields have made the securing of com-
petent women difficult; but the best available workers were
selected. The report of the work accomplished is the best es-
timate of the value of the force.
With but one exception, agents have well equipped offices. Of
the 44 agents employed from January 1 to June 30, 1919, 37 own
cars or are furnished cars by the county. Of the 32 agents em-
ployed beginning work September 1, 1919, 31 agents own and
operate their own cars or are furnished cars by the county. One
agent owns a horse and buggy. One agent with liberal travel


FIG. 13.-Home demonstration cottage at Miami, Dade County. In
addition to a well equipped office and rest room, there is a well equipped
room for demonstration purposes, and equipment for community canning.

allowance depends upon the use of hired cars and the numerous
jitney lines in the county.
There are 63 demonstration kitchens where general club meet-


N







Florida Cooperative Extension


ings are held and where demonstrations may be given; and 45
co-operative canning kitchens.


N --Am -
FIG. 14.-Canning meat. Packing the cooked meat and gravy in cans

AIMS OF WORK
Opening work in 1919 was a re-adjustment of plans that had
been greatly disarranged by the epidemic of influenza during
the months of November and December. Plans were made to
push home garden work, poultry work, dairying and food con-
servation; to try and carry to a greater number of women facts
about food and what the body needs; to give definite assistance
with the remodeling of clothing; to develop among club members
a greater interest in beautifying homes and in community needs
and activities, and to assist them in working out plans for meet-
ing these needs.
In addition to the regular activities carried on under home
demonstration supervision, every agent on the force was active
in assisting in the Victory Loan Drive, and 31 report club mem-
bers doing Red Cross work.
CLUB MEMBERSHIP
The number of girls cultivating the tenth-acre plots in 1919
is smaller than the number of girls doing similar work in 1918,







Annual Report, 1919


but the total number of girls enrolled in home demonstration
work is larger than in any previous year. Some have chosen
to take up canning club work, while others have selected poultry
work, bee work, home improvement, grape culture, pig or calf
club work. The total number of girls enrolled is 4688. The
total number of women enrolled is 8839.

ORGANIZED CLUBS
There are 326 strong clubs among girls, and 165 among women.
These clubs not only offer a good opportunity for the discus-
sion of problems and the giving of instruction and demonstra-
tions, but they frequently furnish the only social hour enjoyed
by club members. Club organization is resulting in the develop-


FIG. 15.-Canning club girl's plot of staked tomatoes


ment of local leadership. In Hillsboro county a very successful
county council of home demonstration workers has developed.

RESULTS
Poultry Work: As a result of the effort to increase farm
poultry production, 1500 farm flocks have been improved thru
club work, either by the entire substitution of pure bred birds or
by the introduction of a pure bred male from a good strain to
head the flock; culling has been taught; breeding pens are being
established on many yards. One agent writes: "Where club






Florida Cooperative Extension


members have as many as three club pullets, they are establishing
a breeding pen." This interest on the part of club members, not
only in securing good stock but in securing good results from
this stock, together with the splendid co-operation of the lead-
ing poultrymen of the State, have been the outstanding features


















FIG. 16.-State short course at Tallahassee for home demonstration girls

of poultry work resulting from the efforts of the home demon-
stration agents in the State.
Home Dairy Work: To secure the increased production of
home dairy products, agents thruout the State supplemented
the efforts of the assistant in charge of home dairy work in every
possible way. The need of dairy products in the diet and the
great lack in the supply in Florida, has been stressed in every
county in which home demonstration work is carried on. An
effort was made to have as many agents as possible hear Dr.
E. V. McCollum's lecture on "What Constitutes an Ideal Diet,"
delivered at Gainesville and Tallahassee, in order that they might
carry the message back to their respective counties. Much in-
terest has been aroused over the State, the result of which is
told in the report of the assistant in charge of home dairy work
submitted with this report.
Garden Work: Two thousand and twenty girls planted tenth-
acre plots. To further stimulate garden work, boys and girls







Annual Report, 1919


were enrolled in the home garden work irrespective of the size
of the garden cultivated. The value of the fresh vegetables in
the diet was stressed at club meetings and women urged to main-
tain a garden thruout the year. It has been difficult to get
definite reports from this work as there were no report blanks
furnished members for this purpose. Two counties enrolled
more than 500 each. A conservative estimate would be an aver-
age of 100 members per county.

TEN BEST RECORDS
Due to unfavorable seasons yields from tenth-acre plots are
not high, but profits have been unusually good.
The following are the ten highest records made in the State:
Yield Profit
Manatee............................... Mattie Elmore ...............4885 lbs.............$124.76
Dade....................----........----. Anna Sykes ....--- ...........4700 lbs............. 135.66
Madison ... ...-- ......--- ..-----. Katherine Williams ........3683 lbs............. 66.52
Gadsden ..............----..Lessie McKeown .........-.2574 lbs.....-... 79.29
Duval .............. .. ............... Eula Trantham ..................1132 lbs.....---..- 128.20
(1206 stalks cane)
Leon.............-- --.....----.... .---- Elsie Stoutamire .............2095 lbs....--... 63.40
Hernando.......................--- -------- Rhea Harpin .......... 1920 lbs............ 66.01
St. Johns... -----..............................Marie Bradfisch ..-- ......-- 1862 lbs............ 209.00
Taylor......................................Ruby Taylor ................... 1500 lbs............. 147.35
Hillsboro.............................----....Arlene Young .... ...........1340 lbs............. 291.01
NUTRITION
To meet the need of the women of the State for better know-
ledge of food values and the fundamental processes of cookery
and to aid them in choosing, in spite of the high cost of living,
those foods that the body needs, much thought was given to the
working out of carefully planned monthly programs based on the
subject of nutrition. Home demonstration courses for house-
keepers based on the same subject and given in ten lessons ac-
companied by demonstrations, were offered. This program of
work was in charge of the assistant state agent. The instruc-
tion Was given by the assistant district agents. Fifty-five short
courses were held, twenty-two of them for girls, thirty-three for
women. A total of 2693 women and girls took the work offered
thru the demonstration courses; while a much greater number
were reached thru the monthly program.
CONSERVATION
The county agents gave 3952 demonstrations in food prepara-
tion and canning. The total attendance at these demonstrations
was 37,929. The number of containers filled with fruits, vege-






Florida Cooperative Extension


tables, fish and meats for home use was 1,301,050. Of this num-
ber 949,818 were put up by girls and women enrolled in home
demonstration work; 154,000 by negroes; the remainder by
women and girls influenced by the work. Dried products re-
ported amounted to 3952 pounds.
Interest in meat canning is general. This work is being done
in every county. It is found to be a safe, economical method that
produces a satisfactory product. The following clipping from
an agent's report is typical:
"Spent the day with Mrs. Assisted in canning a
beef. She had never canned meats before or sealed a tin can.
She was delighted when the day's work was done, to find that
she had a good supply of soup stock, liver, heart, steak, roast and
loaf ready to be served on short notice."
Other reports indicate that homes are being equipped with
modern appliances, which makes it convenient to do such work.
A good piece of conservation work was the putting up of cull
tomatoes for commercial purposes by a grower in Dade county.
The agent in 1918 taught him to can the culls and with a rather
meagre equipment, he filled 40,00 containers. These were dis-
posed of at a profit. In the season of 1919 with better equip-
ment he filled 140,000 cans with tomatoes.
Another line of conservation work was done in the remodeling
of clothing, which has received special attention this year and
has aroused much interest. Popular exhibits of re-modeled
garments have been put on at club meetings and at fairs. The
girls have been interested in darning, patching and the making
of button holes.
BEAUTIFICATION OF THE HOME
The growing interest in the beautification of the home is found
alike among women and girls. The plan under which the girls
are working is the selection by the girl of one room in the home,
preferably her own, to study, furnish and keep. Girls enrolling
for this home improvement will also give special attention to the
planting of ornamental trees and plants about the home, and
when canning season comes, to the filling of the home pantry
with home canned products. This home problem is attracting
a great number of girls. The inspiration for this work was the
result of work done by three little girls in Brevard county. The
following is the story:






Annual Report, 1919


These three little girls were motherless. Their father only
consented for them to join the club after they had learned to
know the home demonstration agent as she prepared the nourish-
ment and cared for the family when they were ill with influenza.
The children were taught to care for the house, to cook and serve
and sew, and were led to see the possibilities of having an at-
tractive home in the midst of most meagre furnishings. Flowers
and vines were planted about the little house. When given money
to buy materials for new dresses the oldest girl, thirteen years
of age, asked that she might purchase material for curtains.
Box furniture was made to supplement the bare furnishings of
the home. When the last curtain was hung, the youngest girl
exclaimed with delight, "Oh! This looks like a regular home."
Their keen interest in this work suggested the home improve-
ment problem that is proving so popular with our girls as they
choose their work for 1920.

















FIG. 17.-This club member knows how to handle bees

RECREATION
Special games and songs for use in club meetings were taught
at the agents' annual meeting. Each club program sent out
from the office includes songs, also directions for games and
play that may fill a part of the hour. This feature of the work
has been very popular.
Camp fires have been held in some of the small neighborhoods.






Florida Cooperative Extension


A big fire is built under the pines, frequently near the one room
school house, people of the neighborhood gather about it, and
the time is spent in games, songs, the putting on of stunts and
possibly a talk on matters pertaining to better farming or home
making. Local talent is used, or talent from a nearby community
is borrowed. In one county a quartet of returned soldiers has
several times driven a distance of ten or fifteen miles to con-
tribute to the evening program. Occasionally members of an
orchestra will assist in a similar manner.
One of the most attractive bits of work done by the agent was


FIG. 18.-Lesson in "first aid"-Hillsboro camp


the telling, thruout the county, of the story of "Why Violets
Have Golden Hearts" and later the dramatization of this story
which was put on at the county seat, and repeated three times
by request.
Several clubs have combined business with pleasure in the
giving of box suppers, and in one instance a minstrel, thereby
furnishing fun for an evening and funds for the treasury. These
funds have been expended in equipping the club kitchen or on
school improvement.
Three successful county camps for boys and girls were held







Annual Report, 1919


in the state last year. These camps were held in Hillsboro, Santa
Rosa and Brevard counties.
HEALTH WORK
Every line of activity developed thru home demonstration
work tends to the betterment of health conditions. The state
health officer stated in a public meeting that where home demon-
stration work was well established, pellagra had decreased.
Weighing and measuring contests among school children have



















FIG. 19.-A house-keepers' short course

been inaugurated and followed by campaigns for the increased
use of milk. The public health nurses sent out by the Anti-
Tuberculosis Society have given valuable aid in instructing club
members on health topics.
FAIRS AND CONTESTS
At every county fair excellent home demonstration exhibits
have been made featuring the varied activities of the work.
The state fair has been reported in detail by the district agent
of North and West Florida.
The awards at the state fair of county prizes for home demon-
stration work were as follows:
EXHIBITS OF GIRLS' WORK
First prize-.... ......... ........ Putnam County .....................................$50.00
Second prize....-- ........... .... Madison County ...................... ... 30.00
Third prize ..----...............- St. Johns County...........-- ................. 20.00







78 Florida Cooperative Extension

EXHIBITS OF WOMEN'S WORK
First prize .......-..........--------....- Hillsboro County ....--....----------...... $40.00
Second prize-................ ............-Manatee County ..-..................-.......... 30.00
Third prize ................................... Putnam County ..........-----...... ................. 20.00
The awards made in home dairy and poultry work have been
reported by the two assistants in charge of this work respec-
tively.
WORK WITH NEGRO WOMEN
The plan of having the negro worker in the county appointed
as an assistant to the county home demonstration agent has
proved a wise one. Thru this method closer supervision may be
given the work which results in greater opportunity for render-
ing assistance. In outlining the work for the assistant agents
last year very definite problems were selected as a basis for the
year's work and effort was centered on these. The results
obtained are found in the report of A. A. Turner, agent in charge
of Negro work.
STATISTICAL REPORT
Counties in the State...........................................-........ .......--. ........----- 54
Counties cooperating financially......................................................................... 40
Home demonstration offices maintained-............................................................39
Home demonstration kitchens ..............................................................................63
Cooperative canning centers---....... ----- ---.......................................... ....... 45
Agents owning or being furnished cars.---... ........--............................38
Agents owning horse and buggy.......................... .. 1
Counties making appropriation for home demonstration materials..............22
Amount expended for equipment in counties............................... $1,713.65
COUNTY WORKERS
County home demonstration agents................................ ..-- ............... 46
Average number months employed............................................................. 9
Average monthly salary (including travel)...........................................$145.32
URBAN AGENTS
Average number months employed ...................................... 9 1-3
Average monthly salary......... ......... ..................... .............. .......... $127.14
FIELD WORK
Miles traveled by agents-....------........ -----....... -................. ...166922
Number visits made to club members .---. ....-...-........-- ................. 7149
Number visits made to schools ................-----.-------... ............... .. 2381
Number visits to home demonstrators......................------..... ..................... 11963
Number visits to plots---------............................. -------.............. ...... 3895
Number demonstrations given-..........----....................... ......................... 2900
Attendance at demonstrations -.....-------. -------..........--..-.........-. 37929
Meetings held or participated in---..................... ...................................... 3842
A attendance at m eetings.................................................................. ............... 72840
State short courses held for girls............................................................... 1
Attendance at state short course.................................................................. 60
County short courses held for girls........................................................ 22
Attendance at short courses---- --------................ .... ................. 822
County camps for girls and boys ......................................................... 3
Home demonstration schools held for housekeepers................................ 33
Attendance at schools for housekeepers................................................. 1873







Annual Report, 1919 79

Number contests held --.. --------------------................... .......... 28
Number days worked by agents....-------...---...... ----.. ............................ 9146
Number office days---.........-- ......-----------.. -.........----..-........... ................... 2411
Number schools assisted in starting hot lunch----------................................... 17
Number teachers cooperating actively.........-..........--..------..................... 373
ACHIEVEMENTS
Number meetings held--...--.... ----...............--------..............----.......... 7794
Attendance at meetings---...................... ---- .......-- ....................-.......-......-110599
Demonstrations given .......--- --- .........------...... ---........ 3952
Attendance at demonstrations-............ ----- -............ .........---. 37929
Other meetings held....---..-........---...-------.. ....--....................... 3842
Attendance at other meetings...--.............-----------..----..........-. 32670
Number girls enrolled in home demonstration work-...--....-..................... 4688
Canning ............... .. -..- -----.... -----............ -----.................. 2020
Poultry (boys and girls) -........-----.....----.... --....... ----............ 1387
Cooking ..... ....---- ----------...........-- --------------.......... ........ ....... 628
Bee ......... --... .-----..................... --------- -----------................. 26
Pantry ..--.... -.......-------.......------..------..... 364
Grape --------..........................------------------------------- 74
Pig -----.-----.. ----- ---------...........------------ 71
Milk ..-.-------.----.-......--------------------..... 114
ENROLLMENT OF WOMEN
Number of women enrolled by home demonstration agents.................... 8839
Women enrolled in home demonstration club work.......................... 7422
Women making special food demonstrations at home---...................... 1417
Number steam pressure cookers in the counties.................................... 340
Number other types of canners----....... .................... ....... 1435
Number girls' clubs organized.............--- -...--............. .........-----.. --- 326
Number women's clubs organized---..............................---... -----..... 165
N umber containers filled................................................................ ......... 1301050
Number pounds dried products-... ----....................................... ..... 3952
REPORT OF STATE WORKERS
Number of miles traveled.................. --- ................ ..... .... ..... 114494
Number days engaged in office work.................................. .......... 1011
Days engaged in field work .........................................-............................ 1260
Days attending State meetings-........................... ---------.....-- 145
Days attending out of state meetings---........................... ---------...- 38
Demonstrations given -----..........---------------------------................ .......... 379
M meetings attended ......................................................................................... 783
Estimated attendance ...................................... ..........- ..--- .. 36474
Contests attended ........ .......... ---- ----- --------............................... 41
Short courses attended-------------........................................ ------ 49
Estimated attendance --------....................... ... --------.............. 424
Fairs attended .............................-------....................................... 27
Schools visited ..---. ------- --.... .- --.. ..-.. .. .................................... 65
Homes visited ......------............ .. ---------------................. 214
Conferences with:
School superintendents ..........--------------........................ ........ 48
County commissioners ........................................ --.-----....--- 51
Supervisory visits to counties.........- -............................... ....... 566
Visits to School Board------ -----------.............................-... 44






Florida Cooperative Extension


REPORT OF THE DISTRICT HOME DEMONSTRATION
AGENT FOR NORTH AND WEST FLORIDA
P. H. Rolfs, Director.
SIR: I submit herewith the report of the district agent of
home demonstration work in North and West Florida, for the
year ending December 31, 1919.
Respectfully,
HARRIETTE B. LAYTON,
District Home Demonstration Agent.


During the present fiscal year, 14 county home demonstration
agents were employed in as many counties. Five of these 14
counties appropriated $1000 or more each. Seven other coun-
ties made appropriations, but the amount, plus the state and
federal funds allowed to each county, were insufficient to secure
the services of a well qualified agent.
During the fiscal year 1918-19 there was in North and West
Florida one district agent; one assistant district agent in charge
of ten counties in North Florida; and one assistant emergency
district agent in charge of short course work. During the
canning season five additional workers were employed, one as
district supervisory canning agent, three as county canning
assistants and one as city canning agent.
AIMS
The report of last year ended with definite aims for the year
to come. Each of these aims will be reported upon before pro-
ceeding with the general report of the work of the district
agent.
First aim: To increase production by means of home gardens.
Very definite results are difficult to tabulate. The following
,excerpts from agents' reports typify the results as generally
reported:
"Most of our homes are planning increased garden area."
"I find that most country people never plant lettuce, so I am
giving each club girl a package of seed and asking her to plant
it and learn to eat it."
"We have girls enrolled in a 'two row club'. Each member
will grow two rows of something to eat and can."
"I think I can safely say that more food was grown during
the year than any previous year in the history of the county."






Annual Report, 1919


"I find that nine-tenths of the back yards of the city have
gardens. Many are very small. Thruout the county there are
gardens in practically every home."
Second aim: To continue the conservation of food.
After the signing of the armistice and the lessening of the
need of food supplies to be shipped abroad, our time was devoted
to more urgent work. Previous to the signing of the armistice,
much canning was done, the largest ever reported.
Third: to give to the women of each county the opportunity of
attending a housekeepers' school.
Out of the 21 counties in the district, 16 held these schools,
besides three held in counties not having home demonstration
agents. This was one of the best pieces of work put over last
year.
Fourth Aim: To provide monthly lessons for club girls.
these programs were sent out from the Florida State College
for Women one month in advance of the time to be used.

Agriculture Home Play
Nov. Formation of Soil........School Lunch...................Peanut Party
Dec. Plant Food..................... Sugarless Sweets............ Christmas Party
Jan. Fertilizers............ ...........Clothing................... Textile Party
Feb. Seed Bed........................Poultry ...... ............... Washington Party
Mar. Transplanting................Use of Fruits......................St. Patrick's Party
April Cultivation............Use of Vegetables..............Easter Party
May Disease of Tomatoes...Milk and its use................May Day Party
June Enemies of Tomatoes.Canning demonstration.....Picnic games
July .............-- ..................... Canning party ...................Canning games
Aug. .............................. ....... Grapes...-...... ......... Games
Songs suggested or written accompanied each program.
As a direct result of the January program, sewing work was
stimulated and its growth since has been strong and rapid.
The fifth aim was to plant perennials and to push grape work.
The subject of growing more fruit was emphasized in the 3-F
drive. A report of the grape work will be given under girls'
work.
GIRLS' WORK
Girls' work in the district has been much stronger this year.
This is in part due to the monthly meetings and in part due to
the cooperation between boys' and girls' clubs. This coopera-
tion is especially strong in a few counties and is spreading thru-
out the district. Santa Rosa and Escambia counties hold suc-
cessful monthly agricultural community meetings, bringing
together the men, women, girls and boys.






Florida Cooperative Extension


SHORT COURSES
County short courses for girls have been held in 15 counties.
These were well attended and effectively planned and carried
out.
From April 1 to 12 the eighth annual short course for club
girls was held, attended by 60 girls from 31 counties. These
girls were "taken over" by the Y. W. C. A. college girls, each club
girl having a college "Y" girl as a big sister. For more efficient
work the girls were divided into three sections. Section one was
composed of high school girls, and girls who had previously
attended a state short course; section two, girls in lower grades;
section three, girls in higher grades. Work for each section
was planned accordingly. During the course moving pictures
and slides were made of the girls in their various activities. The
girls carry home from the state short course much that is valu-
able both in thought and practice. One little girl said, "You
know I never worked a buttonhole 'til the state short course and
since then I have been helping Mamma with buttonholes in my
baby brother's clothes." In July, three months after the short
course, one of the girls had grown so perceptibly and looked so
well, on being questioned as to the cause she replied, "Why I
have been drinking a quart of milk a day ever since I was at
Tallahassee and my little brother and sister do so too."
CAMPS
A boys' and girls' camp Was held in June in Santa Rosa
county. This initial step suggested by the district agent after
the Washington, D. C. meeting in January 1919, proved so suc-
cessful that this form of a get-together-yearly-meeting will prob-
ably be State wide. The following description of this camp was
taken from the agent's report:
"Tuesday June 10, the club girls and boys of Santa Rosa
county gathered at Floridatown on the bay for a week's encamp-
ment.
"A three-room cottage with a separate building for a kitchen
was generously loaned by a citizen of Milton for the girls' camp.
About a quarter of a mile away the boys pitched their camps.
The camps were supervised by the county and home demonstra-
tion agents, and state workers. H. E. Savely, field agent, Wash-
ington, D. C., was a visitor during most of the camp. The fol-
lowing program was carried out:
6:30 A. M. Bugle Call
6:35 A. M. Setting up exercises






Annual Report, 1919


6:45 A. M. Morning dip for boys; Girls dress and clean
house
7:30 A. M. Breakfast
8:15 A. M. Boys clean house; special talk to girls
8:30 A. M. Forenoon classes-boys and girls separate-in
four sections
Girls: 1. Sewing: darning; buttonholes; talk on dress.
2. First aid to injured
3. Fancy pack: labeling; fair exhibit; steam pressure
4. Basketry: Wire grass or pine needles; needles,
raffia
11:30 A. M. General Assembly (chapel)
12:30 P. M. Dinner
12:45 P. M. to 2:00 P. M. Rest
2:00 P. M. Quiet or sitting games (long time 11/2 hours)
4:30 P. M. Military drill
5:00 P. M. Athletic tests and active games
6:00 P. M. Girls swim; special talk to boys
7:00 P. M. Supper
8:00 P. M. Camp fire
9:30 P. M. Taps


FIG. 20.-Santa Rosa club girls' and boys' camp-in line for dinner






Florida Cooperative Extension


"Each camper brought his bed and kit. At meal-time the line
formed, each with his plate, cup, knife, fork and spoon, and
marched single file around the serving table, and had his plate
filled. Meals were served in the kitchen at the girls' camp. The
girls arranged in three groups, assisting the camp cook in the
preparation and serving of the meals. Educational slides were
shown every night after supper, but best of all, perhaps was
the camp fire, where stories, games and songs were enjoyed
until bed time.
"The expense of the camp was provided for by the county
commissioners. The camp was planned largely by the home
demonstration agent. During the camp, however, the girls only
were under her supervision."
The commissioners were so pleased with the result that an
appropriation was made for its repetition another year.
FALL CONTESTS
Sixteen contests have been held. The exhibits on the whole
have been the best in quality ever shown. A good number of
four year girls have completed their work and will receive cer-
tificates.
THE STORY OF EULA TRANTHAM
This year completes the sixth year of membership of Eula
Trantham in the Duval canning club. In 1915 she won the state
championship and previous to 1919 was twice a county cham-
pion. Again this fall Eula held this honor, entitling her to the
permanent ownership of the county silver pitcher presented by
one of the leading jewelers of Jacksonville. Twice has Eula
attended the state short course, and since she is now employed
in the office of Mr. C. Groover, instead of another scholarship
at Tallahassee, she will receive a scholarship in a business
school. Last year she made about $200 in both her canning
and poultry club work. This year she joined the milk club,
buying some of her cows with money made from the poultry
and canning work. She helped her county to win first honors
for the Groover club prize.
The story of her work this year will be told in her own words:
"But now comes the sad part of my story. On the first day
of July we had a cloudburst. Notwithstanding my plot was on
the high part of the field, it was covered with water about one
foot deep. I was at first disheartened, but I thought of the
saying, 'Try and try again and at last you will succeed,' so I
began ditching until all the water had run off. When the sun







Annual Report, 1919


shone out hot I lost nearly one whole row but as soon as it was
dry enough I worked the others and they began to put out new
sprouts. I pruned the old sprouts off and gave the new ones a
chance. I saved the ashes from the stove and mixed with
chicken fertilizer and spread thickly around each plant and
worked it in well. They certainly did better than I had expected.
"Between each row of tomatoes I planted a row of cane.
Father gave me the seed last fall for helping him save his seed.
I had nine rows, and it averaged 134 stalks to the row. I sold
it to a fruit peddler for 8 cents a stalk in the patch. On this
I cleared $96.48.
"This year I did not do as much canning as I usually do. I
had such a demand for the fresh tomatoes and they brought such
good prices.
"On my plot this year I made a total yield of 1,132 pounds of
tomatoes, 514 pounds of which were used at home, and the
remainder sold fresh for $34.55. I also sold my cane 1,206
stalks for $96.48, making a total of $131.03 sold. The total
cost of my crop was $14.97."
MUSCADINE GRAPE WORK
This work received its start from the work done in the State-
in the spring of 1918 by Charles Dearing, Horticulturist, U. S.
Department of Agriculture. One nursery company offered a
prize of five Thomas grape vines to the ten counties in North
Florida doing the most grape work by the fall of 1918. By the
spring of 1919, 75 girls had enrolled for muscadine grape work.
The state office sent out instructions for work with grapes. In
August, 1919, Mr. Dearing held a second meeting in Tallahassee,
with 15 county home demonstration agents present. Instruc-
tions in the propagation of the muscadine grape and the making
of grape products were given. Incidentally, a part of the initial
order to the States Relations Service for grape paste for dining
car service, was filled.
To further advance this work an educational exhibit was put
on at the State Fair. This exhibit consisted of nursery cuttings,
plants, small models of planting and methods of cultivation;
samples of the club work products; equipment for juice making;
and a pyramid made of muscadine grape products, "set up"
under a white pergola entwined with wild grape vines.
WOMEN'S WORK
The best piece of women's work accomplished this year was
the housekeepers' schools, resulting in more home demonstration







Florida Cooperative Extension


clubs being organized, and four new rest rooms and twelve
canning kitchens established. Five of these canning kitchens
were established in Jackson county a report of which as made by
the agent, follows:
"The county commissioners made an appropriation of $300
to be used to equip five kitchens in each commissioner's district.
Thru June a special worker was employed. We had regular
days at each kitchen, with 25 to 60 women working. In fact,
they use the kitchens every day. Each kitchen has a pressure
cooker, oil stove, oven, hot water canner and other necessary
utensils. Other communities are asking for kitchens and women
are planning to begin working for one. At several kitchens
women go as far as 15 miles to can and use the pressure cooker,
and some days two or three communities are represented. This
is a splendid way to develop community spirit."
The canning kitchen in McClenny has been organized two
years and notwithstanding the county is not supporting a county
agent this year, this group of women continue their work. The
"Kanning Kitchen" is located in the old court house. The school
board is financing this work thru the summer; and a big steam
pressure canner with a double purpose burner has been installed
by the commissioners. 28,548 containers were sold for the
kitchen. Many of the women have bought sealing irons and
either have canning machines or use their pots and pans. "A
can a day the whole year thru" is their slogan.
One emergency city worker was employed in Jacksonville.
The city council enabled her to equip a demonstration kitchen,
where weekly demonstrations were held. The attendance was
always good, varying from 36 to 89. The agent met regularly
with eleven women's organizations. Later in the year three
canning centers were established.
During May and June one canning club girl was employed by
the City of Pensacola to take charge of a city canning center,
under the supervision of the county home demonstration agent.
CO-OPERATION BETWEEN SCHOOL AND HOME DEMONSTRATION
WORK
The establishing of school lunches has been an important
phase of county work. Home demonstration agents have been
instrumental in getting the school children weighed and meas-
ured, and in increasing the drinking of milk by school children.
The home demonstration agent has been most valuable by
teaching the club children, and incidentally the whole school, to






Annual Report, 1919


play games, sing songs and perform athletic feats. One agent
was able to get some simple equipment in the schools which
interested the principal in making two basket ball courts, one for
the boys and one for the girls, one ocean wave, two poles for
climbing, several swings, and two ridy-horses.
Home economics teachers have been employed in two counties
this year as a direct result of the work of the home demonstra-
tion agent.
STATE MEETINGS AND FAIRS
The girls' short course and the grape meeting have already
been reported.
During the first two weeks in September the eighth annual
conference for home demonstration agents was held. The agents
were in laboratory periods daily, working out problems in foods
and food preservation. Outside assistance came from the U. S.
Treasury Department, the States Relations Service, the State
Board of Health, the Anti-Tuberculosis Association, and the
State College of Agriculture. This conference was a very help-
ful one.
At the State Fair our exhibit was arrayed in the following
five divisions: Canned products, muscadine grape work, sewing
work, milk work, and poultry work. Never before have such
beautiful and uniform products been exhibited at the State Fair.
We were exceedingly proud of the work of our girls and women,
especially when it excited most favorable comment from out of
state visitors who had been to the other southern fairs.
A new phase of work exhibited was that of sewing. Here were
shown the individual entries, and also a room representing a
club girl's own bed room. The curtains and the bed covering
were all made of unbleached muslin, stenciled in a daisy pattern
and hemstitched by a club girl twelve years old. In the clothes
closet were a blue uniform dress, apron, gown and laundry bag,
made by club girls. To relieve the cold look of the cream walls
and draperies, two delf blue candles were placed upon the box
dresser, a blue bordered pillow on the window seat and a blue and
white rag rug put in the middle of the floor space.
In the milk booth were splendid charts and illustrative mate-
rial on dairy work, emphasizing the food value of milk and the
percentage of butter fat. Also an excellent exhibit of butter
and cheese displayed in a glass front ice box.
A good display of home made poultry conveniences and a ship-
ment of egg circle eggs was made in the general home demon-
stration exhibit.






Florida Cooperative Extension


REPORT OF THE DISTRICT HOME DEMONSTRATION
AGENT FOR EAST AND SOUTH FLORIDA
P. H. Rolfs, Director.
SIR: I submit herewith a report of the district agent of home
demonstration work for East and South Florida for the year
ending December 31, 1919.
Respectfully,
SARAH W. PARTRIDGE,
District Home Demonstration Agent.

ORGANIZATION
The district of South and East Florida during the fiscal year
which closed June 30, 1919, was comprised of 27 counties, 20 of
which cooperated financially. Later in the year one of these
counties was transferred to the district of North and West
Florida, leaving 19 counties cooperating financially. In these,
27 agents were employed, two of which were urban agents. The
work was supervised by a district agent, with two assistants.
At canning season, three canning assistants were employed for
a term of four weeks each. Five negro women were employed
as assistant county agents for work among negroes.
In organizing the work for the fiscal year beginning July 1,
1919, urban work was discontinued. This led to a withdrawal
of the work from Monroe county. In two counties in which local
aid came from two county boards, appropriations were made by
only one board. These appropriations were inadequate and the
work was discontinued. In one county in which the work
was poorly developed and the agent was forced to drop out
because of a long illness, the county became discouraged and
"the work was given up. Brevard made an appropriation "for
the present incumbent only." She was unable to return and
that county was lost. This left 14 of the 19 counties of the
district. Broward and Alachua were added, bringing the total
up to 16 in this district. Ten of the counties remaining in the
work made increased appropriations to meet the increased cost
of living and travel. Fifteen of the counties of the district made
special appropriations for demonstration materials and equip-
ment. Six of the counties provide cars. This eliminates one of
the most difficult problems from the work, and can be worked
out advantageously to county and agent. Two of the counties,
Hillsborough and Dade, employ two agents each. Eighteen







Annual Report, 1919


county agents are employed, and one negro assistant county
agent.
AIMS OF WORK -IN 1919
In planning the work for 1919 the following were determined
upon as its definite aims: Increasing club membership; strength-
ening club organization; teaching food values and cookery;
increasing food production; teaching conservation in clothing;
working for better homes; developing the social hour; conserva-
tion of child life; and fostering the spirit of Americanism.
INCREASING CLUB MEMBERSHIP
In the effort to increase club membership the scope of club
work was broadened with the hope that it would meet the needs
of a greater number of people.
Among the new phases of work undertaken, was work with
bees. Osceola county was the pioneer county in this work as a
club problem, and is the only county to date that has an organ-
ized piece of work of this type. In this county the interest is
great and the work has been most successful. Thirty members
worked throughout the year.
Because of an unfavorable season the yield in honey has been
small. However, the interest of club members in this work,
and what they have learned about the life and work of bees,
their skill in handling them, and the common interest that has
been developed among club members, has proven well worth the
effort. The agent urged Italian bees for club work.
It was found that any work done under other aims mentioned,
increased interest and tended to increase membership.

RECREATION CAMPS
Camps were held in Hillsborough and Brevard counties. Reg-
ular programs of work were followed during a part of each
day, but the play spirit so pervaded it all and the pleasure of
those in attendance was so great, that these camps have always
been spoken of as "recreation camps."
The camp in Hillsborough was the first camp in the State to
be held for girls and boys. The suggestion for such a camp was
taken from the report made by the state agent of West Virginia
at the annual meeting held in Washington in December, 1918.
It seemed a large undertaking, but believing that what could be
done elsewhere could be done in Florida, plans were made for
the camp. Club members attending the camp brought a certain







Florida Cooperative Extension


supply of staple foods, and paid 25 cents each. The board of
county commissioners made an appropriation of $60 to supple-
ment what club members provided. This proved ample.
The camp was held at Lake Wimauma. The use of a dining
room and kitchen, built by the lake-side for the use of camping
parties, and the sleeping quarters of a nearby camp meeting
ground added greatly,to the comfort of the campers.
Instruction given during the morning consisted of lessons in
basketry, first aid, personal hygiene, and other kindred subjects.
Swimming hour for the girls, followed by swimming hour
for the boys, preceded supper. Supper was followed by the
camp fire, the crowning event of the day. At this hour the camp
assembled around the blazing logs and the hour was filled with
songs, stunts, games and a "good-night" talk.
The camp for Brevard clubs was held at Coronado Beach. The
agent of Brevard county carried the two club members from
local poultry and canning clubs respectively, who were making
best records, to her summer home on the beach. There were 22
in attendance. It was much in the nature of a house-party,
with the members of the household assigned the different duties
of the home.
The more attractive monthly club programs which included
a recreational hour, increased interest in the work.

TEACHING FOOD VALUES AND COOKERY
Fifteen home demonstration courses for housekeepers were
held. These resulted in the teaching of food values and the fun-
damental principles of cookery, and in the organization of strong
home demonstration clubs.
The following report is made by the assistant district agent,
who tho assisting with other lines of work, devoted much time
to such work among women:
"During the year, I have held ten home demonstration courses
for housekeepers, of five days' duration each, in nine counties of
South and East Florida, using the course of lessons outlined in
Leaflet 3. In presenting these lessons, I discussed as fully as
time and circumstances would permit, the nutritive value of the
different classes of food; the principles of cookery and the prin-
ciples of digestion; and the planning of well-balanced menus.
Suitable demonstrations accompanied each lesson.
"The county home demonstration agent of the county in which
the work was given, assisted, especially in the assembling of







Annual Report, 1919


materials, keeping attendance, and sometimes in giving demon-
strations.
"Among those who attended the various courses, were high
school girls and their teachers, young housewives, mothers and
grand-mothers, trained nurses, and prominent club women. The
aggregate attendance was 1926, with 550 women in attendance.
"Some gratifying results are as follows:
"1. Organization of home demonstration clubs where none
could be organized before.
"2. Dignifying the profession of the housewife in the eyes of
the community.
"3. Arousing of interest in the fact that the body needs
something more than merely the satisfying of appetite.
"4. Stimulation of efforts to study the food needs of the fam-
ily, and to make efforts to provide for these needs.
"5. Increased interest in the nutrition of school children.
"At the close of the course held in Kissimmee, a home demon-
stration club was organized, a permanent community kitchen
secured and furnished. Here, the club holds its meetings and
gives demonstrations; the county home demonstration agent has
her office; the county women, when they go to town, rest and
make tea and coffee to go with their lunch. Reports of the
results accomplished in Kissimmee have stimulated interest
elsewhere.
"The course given in Ft. Myers under the auspices of the home
demonstration club, resulted in increased membership, renewed
interest in club activities, and a better understanding by the
public of home demonstration work.
"At Brooksville, the ladies organized a home demonstration
club which is especially interested in solving the school lunch
problem when their new high school building is erected. These
women have also formed a community canning center in the
home demonstration kitchen.
"At Leesburg, the women organized a home demonstration
club with the wife of a prominent physician as president, and
the wife of the chairman of the county school board, as secretary.
"Of especial interest in connection with the course given in
Arcadia, is the fact that many prominent women became inter-
ested in home demonstration work. Steps were taken to organ-
ize a club for the study of food values.
"In addition to the foregoing meetings, I held nine special
meetings of one or two days each, at which I gave lessons on






Florida Cooperative Extension


What the Body Needs, based on Bulletin No. 808; explained
how to meet these needs; and gave appropriate demonstrations
with each lesson. In nearly every case, the women asked for a
full course next year. In one community a group of women
who had been doing special war work are considering convert-
ing their organization into a home demonstration club."
STRENGTHENING CLUB ORGANIZATION
Effort has been made to develop stronger club organization
among women and girls. The better prepared program has
been a factor in the work. With material well organized it
has been possible to assist club members in preparation for par-
ticipating more largely in club meetings. This, with the ability
that comes from accomplishment, is developing a greater num-
ber of local leaders among the club membership.
The most outstanding piece of organization work done in the
district in 1919 was the development of the Hillsboro home dem-
onstration advisory council. The purpose of the council is to
provide a meeting in which representatives from all clubs in
the county may come together to discuss the problems of the
club or communities as they are presented, by their respective
delegates. Plans for solving community and club problems are
discussed in conference with the other delegates and the agent;
these plans are taken back to the local club and, if approved, an
effort is made to enlist the entire community in its solution; or
if it is a matter pertaining only to club work it is acted upon
solely by the club.
The plan of organization provides for two delegates from
each club, the president and an elected delegate who represent
the club officially; but all members of a club are invited to attend
the council meeting. Meetings are held quarterly.
Chairmen of the following standing committees were
appointed: home improvement; public health; community social
life and activities; education; fairs and exhibits; agriculture;
citizenship. Corresponding chairmen were appointed in local
clubs, and these local chairmen with the county chairmen form
the county committees.
Not only have the council meetings been full of inspiration
and enthusiasm, but the definite work done in communities as a
result has been multiplied many-fold.
Among some of the results of this work have been: The estab-
lishment of two hot school lunches in the county; the establish-
ment of a rest room for women; the furnishing of three club






Annual Report, 1919


kitchens; the screening of a school house; the starting of a fund
for a community building; the purchase of a good victrola for a
school; the establishing in one community of a Saturday night
community social; a great number of community days observed
and entertainments put on; splendid cooperation in fair work
and contests; the examination of all school children attending
a consolidated school, with good follow-up work; active work
and much interest in home improvement; a large increase in
the number of home gardens growing the year around, and fine
development in local leadership. The agents and club members
are enthusiastic over results.
CONSERVATION OF CLOTHING
One of the most interesting monthly programs given by a
number of the clubs included an exhibit of re-modeled garments.
.The club at Ft. Myers made one of the best of these exhibits,
47 remodeled garments being shown. The discussion and
exchange of methods at these meetings were always most inter-
esting. Instructions were given in the testing of materials and
the dying of dress goods.
FAIRS
Fairs were held in several counties in the district. The fairs
held at Miami, Orlando and Tampa were the largest of these.
Attractive home demonstration booths were shown. The home
demonstration exhibit at the Tampa fair is made on the same
plan as the exhibit at the State Fair.
HIGH RECORDS IN THE DISTRICT
Yields from tenth acre plots are not as high this year as last,
but profits are generally higher.
Among the highest records made by club girls on the tenth
acre is that of Alene Young of Plant City. The story of her
work she tells as follows:
"I did a good deal of club work outside my work on my plot
this year. I canned 500 cans for other people and over 500 for
home use and to sell.
"I canned tomatoes, beans and corn in tin cans, and all fruits,
jellies and marmalades in glass. There were 28 containers of
fruit.
"The first work I did on my tenth acre was to plant it in
:strawberries, which paid me well. I sold my first berries Jan-
uary 10, and from this time until May 19, I sold 880 fine pounds
*of berries which brought me $166.89.






Florida Cooperative Extension


"My next crop was tomatoes. I planted my seed in a bed on
January 15. The hard rains almost ruined them, tho I saved
enough to plant my tenth acre.
"On March 12 I transplanted my tomato plants. Again the
hard rains damaged them, but after all, they did right good.
"I sold my first tomatoes May 19, and the last on June 5,
which brought me $7.85.
"The price of tomatoes was so little, I canned the balance of
my crop to sell, which paid me much better than selling fresh
tomatoes.
"I had 200 No. 2 cans of tomatoes to sell and kept 130 at home.
That was the last of my spring and summer crop.
"I pulled up the old tomato vines and cleaned out the berry
plants to make plants in the fall. I sold 25,565 fine plants off my
tenth acre. I got $4 a thousand, which in all brought me $82.26
net. That is my last crop for this year, tho I have my berries
cleaned out and ready for early bearing again and the prospects
look good. This ends my year's work, which I think is fine.
Total receipts were......................... .. ... ... ......... $297.30
Total cost ............... ..........-- ..... ........ 23.56
Net profit ...................... .... .................. ..$273.74
"I did all my own work this year. I will try to do as good next
year." Alene is a third year girl.
Anna Sykes, a Dade County girl, is another high record club
member. She started to set out plants December 31. First
picking was March 13. All tomatoes were shipped. The total
yield of 4,700 pounds was sold at a profit of $134.26. This is
another third year girl.
CURB MARKET
Of the curb markets established during the previous year, the
one at Miami has passed the experimental stage. It has been
satisfactory to truckers and housewives. The market has been
taken over by the city. Plans are made for housing it.






Annual Report, 1919


REPORT OF HOME DAIRY WORK
P. H. Rolfs, Director.
SIR: I submit herewith the report of the home dairy special-
ist for the year ending December 31, 1919.
Respectfully,
MAE MORSE,
In Charge of Home Demonstration Dairy Work.


The close of 1919 marks the end of the second year of special
work for the development of the home dairy industry. More
definite work has been possible this year owing to the interest
aroused among the farm women by the educational work done
the preceding year; also the home demonstration agents have a
better understanding of the work. Higher prices and increased
demand for dairy products have also stimulated interest.
FEATURES OF WORK
One of the most interesting demonstrations in the develop-
ment of the work was carried out by Miss Eloise McGriff, in
Manatee county. To convince the people of the need of more
and better milch cows, Miss McGriff adopted a plan which is
explained in the following extracts from one of her reports: "At
a meeting of the teachers of Manatee county I presented the plan
of having every child in the county weighed and measured. I
put into the hands of each teacher cards with spaces for the
name, age, height, weight, and 'I should weigh ---lbs.' In
addition to this, I requested each teacher to report those who
received at least a pint of milk a day (was afraid to put the
standard too high at first).
"I also gave the teacher a class-room record to be placed on
the wall as a permanent record and to encourage those who
fell below the standard required for their age and height, that
they might improve.
"I visited the schools, gave talks on health and stressed the
need of milk for children.
"In summing up the results of the work, I found practically
every child who was up to standard, was drinking milk. Of
those who fell below the standard practically none were drinking
milk. Of those who fell much below the standard, not one was
drinking milk.
"Some of the children became interested and began drinking
milk, some of them gaining as much as 'five pounds the first






Florida Cooperative Extension


month. Parents became interested and soon the demand for
dairy cows far exceeded the supply. One carload was brought
into the county, besides numerous single animals, and still there
is a steady demand for dairy cows.
"While I was doing this, the county agent was carrying on a
campaign, 'A Dairy Cow on Every Farm.' "


FIG. 21.-One of the 50 cows carried into Manatee County as a result
of the weighing, measuring and general milk drinking campaign among
children of school age.

A cow for every rural home has been the slogan of all agents.
Greater effort has been made this year to acquaint as many
people as possible with the food value of milk and to overcome
the prejudice against its use which exists in many families.
Demonstrations have been given of the various ways milk can
be used in cookery. Instructions have been given in the care of
milk under home conditions, including the making of butter and
cottage cheese. At the state short courses for home demonstra-
tion agents and for club girls, a series of lessons were given on
the care, food value and utilization of dairy products. Each






Annual Report, 1919


agent and club girl made butter and cottage cheese under the
direction of the dairy agent.
A number of butter judging contests were held to interest
women and girls in making better butter and to teach them
what constitutes good marketable products.
The outstanding feature of this year's work was the organi-
zation of dairy clubs. The object was to increase the produc-
tion of milk, increasing the amount available for home use, and
to help eliminate as rapidly as possible the necessity for pur-
chasing dairy products outside of our state. Club members kept
records of milk production, cost of feeds, amount sold, and the
money received for them.
This club work was made possible by F. C. Groover of Jack-
sonville, who offered $450 in cash prizes to the five clubs making
the highest scores according to prescribed rules; those showing
the highest increase in yield of milk, the lowest cost of produc-
tion, the greatest increase in dairy stock and stock improvement.
All clubs that competed in this contest were required to make
an exhibit at the 1919 state fair, where a space of 20 feet was
given for the display of material setting forth the food value of
milk, the value of pure bred dairy stock, of home grown feeds,
and of better business methods for dairy work. A very credit-
able exhibit of dairy products was made by the club members.
RESULTS OF WORK
Eleven clubs were organized with a total membership of 125.
These clubs complied with all the requirements of the rules of
the contest.
Duval county won first prize, $200; Hernando second, $100;
Putnam third, $75; St. Johns fourth, $50; and St. Lucie fifth,
$25. This contest clearly demonstrated to the club members the
value of record keeping.
Shortly after the contest was started numbers of cows that
were entered were sold; apparently they were found to be
unprofitable animals to keep. The Babcock test was used by
one club. In the majority of instances it was found that the
home cow was profitable, and altho the contest closed October
.31, many of the club members are continuing their record
keeping.
Thru the reports of our home demonstration agents we learn
that 172 cows were brought to supply home needs, and that many
more would have been placed in homes if good cows had been
obtainable. As an evidence of progress in the work we also
7






- Florida Cooperative Extension


find club members making iceless refrigerators, buying barrel
churns, dairy thermometers, cream separators, standard butter
molds, butter paddles, butter workers, and small topped milk
pails, in much greater numbers than previously.
At the state fair this fall the butter exhibit was much larger
than formerly, the quality was exceptionally good and every
pound exhibited except one was printed in the standard mold,
wrapped and packed according to market standards.
HINDRANCES TO WORK
Much more could have been accomplished in dairy develop-
ment if good cows could have been secured.
Fourteen agents report the inability of people in their terri-
tory to secure good cows. The chief reason for this was the
prevalence of the cattle fever tick, resulting in a scarcity of good
high producing cows, and the consequent impracticability of
bringing in cows from a tick free area. In some sections where
tick eradication has lapsed, people who had purchased good cows
are experiencing great difficulty in keeping them free from
heavy tick infestation.
Many people as yet have not given sufficient attention to the
production of feeds and forage but have taken the easier method
of buying commercial feeds, which lessens profits on their dairy
operations.
PLAN FOR ENSUING YEAR
Beginning January 1, dairy clubs will be organized in the
counties finding the work practical.
The plan of work will be essentially the same as in the contest
just closed. The same amount of prize money will be given by
Mr. Groover, but the apportionment will be slightly different.
It is also planned thru the cooperation of the state dairy associ-
ation, to give prizes to the members of different clubs who do
the best work.
In connection with the dairy club work Babcock tests of
milk for club members will be made wherever possible. Butter
judging contests will be held to stimulate an interest in the pro-
duction of a standard farm butter.
Our aim for 1920:
To teach as many as possible the food value of milk.
More good cows for Florida homes.
Fewer cattle fever ticks.
More home grown feeds.
Improved home sanitation.