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Group Title: Research Report - Leesburg ARC ; WG 80 - 2
Title: Variety improvement of bunch and muscadine grapes.
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075751/00001
 Material Information
Title: Variety improvement of bunch and muscadine grapes.
Series Title: Research Report - Leesburg ARC ; WG 80 - 2
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Creator: Mortensen, J. A.
Publisher: Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. University of Florida.
Publication Date: 1980
 Subjects
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States -- Florida -- Leesburg
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075751
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 127168146

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Variety Improvement of Bunch and Muscadfne Grapes
p- By J. A. Mortensen, IFAS AgricultUral.-. ----
Research Center, Leesburg 4 ~-.r
Jan. 25, 1980 M R 2 1980



The year 1980 marks the 35th anniversary of grare -b-redi gt.
Agricultural Research Center, Leesburg. Through the years-t-he,.
objective has been to combine the disease resistance and longevity
of native grape species with the high qualities of European or
other cultivated grapes available.

The purpose of this report is to describe the varieties and selec-
tions that have arisen from the breeding program at the Agricul-
tural Research Center, Leesburg. Four categories of potential
cultivars are described: bunch grape direct producers (cultivars
perform well without grafting on a nematode-resistant rootstock),
bunch grape scion cultivars (require grafting for best performance),
bunch grape rootstock cultivars, and muscadine grape cultivars.
Within each category of selections are listed the named varieties
presently recommended to Florida growers and selections from other
states that appear promising here.

All the numbered selections are still under trial and, unless other-
wise indicated, demonstrate resistance to Pierce's disease for the
test years indicated. None of the numbered selections are available
for general use by nurseries and growers until adequately tested,
named, & released. At present, bunch grape Fla. L4-33 is being in-
creased for release at the earliest possible date. A number of others
are being tested around the state, and will be released as soon as
they are proven superior to existing named varieties.




















Leesburg ARC Research Report (WG 80-2)
150


The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences is an Equal Employment Opportunity Affirmative Action Employer authorized to provide research,
educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, or national orinin.

















Bunch Grape Direct Producers (no rootstock required)


Cultivar


Blue Lake
Herbemont
Lake Emerald
N. C. 67B029-7
Fla. W382
Fla. Al-32
Fla. D5-157
Fla. E18-63
Fla. F4-16
Fla. H15-13
Fla. H18-37
Fla. L9-10


Require Test
poll. years


no 29
no 18
no 34
no 7
no 34
no 22
yes 18
no 14
no 15
no 11
no 11
no 10


Parentage

Fla. 43-47 x Caco
V. aestivalis
Pixiola x G. Muscat
Blue Lake x Hanepoot
Pixiola x G. Muscat
Fla. 540 x U. S. 8
Blue Lake x Concord
W1521 x Aurelia
B3-90 x Exotic
C5-50 x F8-35
D6-148 x Cardinal
21C-31 x F5-8


Percent Bunch Berry Taste Percent
budbreak wt. (g) wt. (g) Color rating solids Uses


122
133
184
295
125
124
128
220
201
118
154
167


2.0
1.3
1.8
3.2
1.4
2.9
1.7
3.2
3.8
2.6
2.7
2.1


Purp.
Red
Green
Lt. Gn.
Lt. Gn.
Purp.
Purp.
Gold
Lt. Red
Lt. Gn.
Gold
Lt. Gn.


16.1
16.6
19.5
18.9
20.4
16.1
15.1
18.9
18.3
16.0
18.4
16.4


Jelly, juice
Wine
Wine
Table, wine
Wine
Juice, wine
Wine
Fresh, wine
Fresh
Fresh
Fresh, wine
Wine


iTaste ratings: 1 = poor, 3 = fair, 6 = good, 8 = very good, 10 = excellent.


F


, v















Bunch Grape Scion Cultivars (rootstock required for best production)


Cultivar


Require
poll.


Black Spanish
Liberty*
Roucaneuf
Stover
Fla. B3-83
Fla. D5-166
Fla. Ell-40
Fla. E12-59
Fla. F5-8
Fla. H17-22
Fla. H17-28
Fla. L4-33
Fla. L8-42
Fla. L9-11
Fla. L9-14
Fla. N3-42
Fla. P2-11


Test
yrs .


no
no
no
no
yes
yes
no
yes
no
no
yes
no
no
no
no
no
no


Percent
Parentage budbreak


V. aestivalis
W716 x Buffalo
S.6468 x S.6905
Mantey x Roucaneuf
W1001 x Villard Blanc
Blue Lake x Concord
Norris x Concord
Fla. 43-47 x Concord
C5-50 x Exotic
Norris x Schuyler
Norris x Schuyler
E12-59 x Ell-40
Fla. 399 x NY35933
21C-31 x F5-8
21C-31 x F5-8
B3-83 x F10-16
E12-59 x NY45747


Bunch
wt. (g)


329
113
290
117
205
96
95
126
387
127
66
118
170
306
255
166
86


Berry
wt. (g)


1.0
3.2
2.4
2.3
2.4
2.4
4.0
2.6
3.5
2.8
2.3
2.7
3.0
1.9
2.0
3.3
2.2


Taste
Color rating


Purp.
Red
Lt. Red
Lt. Grm.
Gold
Purp.
Purp.
Purp.
Lt. Red
Purp.
Purp.
Purp.
Purp.
Lt. Red
Lt. Grn.
Lt. Gm.
Purp.


Percent
solids


16.2
17.6
16.3
17.8
20.8
18.9
17.6
15.0
17.7
15.1
18.0
17.2
16.0
23.4
19.6
18.0
18.3


Uses

Wine
Fresh
Fresh
All-purpose
Wine
Fresh
All-purpose
Wine, juice
Fresh, wine
Juice, jelly
Wine
Fresh, Wine
Juice, jelly
Wine
Wine
Fresh
Juice, jelly


*Symptoms of Pierce's disease developed in 1979 after 17 years' exposure to insect vectors.












Bunch Grape Rootstock Cultivars and Selections

Flower Test Cutting Graft Tend. Replant Drouth Nema- Overall
Cultivar type years Parentage rooting unions sucker survival resist. resist score*


Blue Lake
Champini 3-48
Dog Ridge
Lake Emerald
Meyer 6-7
Fla. 2A-55
Fla. 2B-37
Fla. 13B-8
Fla. 48-1-26
Fla. C5-24
Fla. C5-50
Fla. E9-67
Fla. H18-60
Fla. L3-50
Fla. L4-15
Fla. L7-90
Fla. N4-15
Fla. N4-17
Fla. N5-42
Fla. N5-43
Fla. N6-3
Fla. N6-34


Fla. 43-47 x Caco
V. champini (Tex.)
V. champini (Tex.)
Pixiola x G. Muscat
Carman x V. candicans
Belleview 6 x Alden
I x "t
Haines City x Alden
Fla. 43-47 x Niagara
W1521 x W1463
W1521 x Villard Blanc
Norris x Blue Lake
C5-50 x F4-16
B3-83 x A4-23
E12-59 x Ell-40
W1521 x Aurelia
Duval x Demko 14
Duval x Demko 14
Yalaha 1 x F4-16
x "
3 x .
13 B-8 x Unk. male


*"Graft unions" score was weighted twice and other columns
yes = 0, medium = 3, slight = 6, and no = 10.


once; "tendency to sucker" column was scored as follows:


1Flower type: F = female, P = perfect (self-fertile), M male (unfruitful).


sl.
Med
yes
sl.
yes
sl.
sl.
med
sl.
no
yes
sl.
yes
no
no
no
sl.
sl.
no
no
sl.
sl.











Muscadine cultivars (no rootstock required)

Require Test Bunch Berry Taste Percent Dry
Cultivar poll. years Parentage wt. (g) wt. (g) Color rating solids scar Uses


Albermarle
Carlos
Chief
Cowart
Dixie
Fry
Higgins
Jumbo
Magoon
Noble
Regale
Southland
Summit
Welder
Ga. 24-16
N. C. 80-74
N. C. 115-180
N. C. 67A013-12
N. C. 67A015-17
U. S. 42-12B
Fla. AD1-38
Fla. AD1-44
Fla. AD3-42
Fla. AD11-16
Fla. CA5-5
Fla. CA5-28
Fla. CA5-35
Fla. CA6-34
Fla. CA6-35


no
no
no
no
no
yes
yes
yes
no
no
no
no
yes
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
yes
no
no


14
13*
21
15
13
15
20
15*
21
9
7
21
5
10
10
13
13
4
4
14
6
6
6
6
5
5
5
4
4


Topsail x Burgaw
Howard x N.C. 11-173
Creek x N.C. B6-19
Higgins x Ga. 28
Topsail x (Lucida x Wallace)
Ga. 19-13 x US 19-11
Yuga x White Male
Ga. 19-13 x US 19-11
Thomas x N.C. B6-19
Thomas x Tarheel
(Unknown at present)
Thomas x (Topsail x NC B6-19)
Fry x Ga. 29-49
Dearing O.P.
Ga. 19-13 x U.S. 19-11
Thomas x (Latham x Tarheel)
(Unknown at present)
Fry x Cowart
Fry x N.C. 274-13
Creek x (Topsail x NC B6-19)


Welder x Sout
Welder x Sout
Carlos x Weld
H13-11 O.P.
H13-24 x Sout
H13-24 x Ga.
H13-24 x Ga.
N.C. 287-5 x
N.C. 287-5 x


land
landd
ler

;hland
24-16
24-16
Southland
Southland


5.8
4.8
3.5
5.9
4.9
8.9
7.8
9.7
2.8
3.2
4.8
5.0
9.4
3.9
7.5
3.9
3.6
8.8
6.9
3.6
4.2
3.5
5.6
4.2
5.4
6.5
7.5
5.9
4.3


Bk
Br
Bk
Purp.
Br
Br
Br
Purp.
Purp.
Bk
Bk
Bk
Br
Br
Bk
Bk
Br
Bk
Bk
Bk
Br
Bk
Br
Purp.
Bk
Bk
Bk
Bk
Bk


18.1
15.8
18.1
15.0
21.0
17.1
14.8
15.0
18.8
16.9
15.3
18.0
18.6
16.5
15.2
15.5
18.5
18.7
17.2
17.6
18.2
19.7
18.6
19.6
19.0
16.8
15.7
18.2
18.1


*Susceptibility to Pierce's disease observed in several locations, but Jumbo still recommended for large size fruit.


Fresh
All-purpose
Juice, jelly
Fresh
Fresh, wine
Fresh
Fresh, wine
Fresh
Fresh, jelly
Wine
Wine
Fresh, jelly
Fresh
Wine
Fresh
Wine, jelly
Wine
Fresh
Fresh
Juice, jelly
Wine
Wine, juice
Fresh, wine
Fresh, wine
Fresh
Fresh
Wine
Fresh
Fresh









HISTORIC NOTE


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
(EDIS)

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.






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