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 Introduction
 Impact of private tubewells
 Future potential of private...
 Role of private tubewells in agricultural...
 Figures and facts














Title: Private tubewells in the northern zone
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075667/00001
 Material Information
Title: Private tubewells in the northern zone
Physical Description: 9 leaves : ; 22 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Hildebrand, Peter E
Publication Date: 1967
 Subjects
Subject: Water resources development -- Pakistan   ( lcsh )
Water-pipes -- Design and construction   ( lcsh )
Genre: non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Pakistan
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: by P.E.H.
General Note: "P.E.H., 1-5-67."
General Note: Typescript.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075667
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 82985928

Table of Contents
    Introduction
        Page 1
    Impact of private tubewells
        Page 2
        Page 3
    Future potential of private tubewells
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
    Role of private tubewells in agricultural development
        Page 8
        Page 9
    Figures and facts
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
Full Text
/^. o9/ 'PEH
1-5-67


PRIVATE TUBEWELLS IN THE NORTHERN ZONE


Farmers in West Pakistan historically have supplemented surface

irrigation supplies with ground water. For centuries, Persian wheel wells

have been used where the water table approached the surface; mainly near

the rivers and in the upper parts of the doabs. As ground water levels

rose in the centers of the doabs following the inception of canal irrigation,

the number of Persian wheels increased. It is estimated that there are

more than 40, 000 working Persian wheels in Bari Doab of which over

23,000 are in Multan District. More recently, farmers have begun in-

stalling electric or diesel powered tubewells for irrigation uses. In a

recent paper, Ghulam Mohammad estimated 24, 100 private tubewells in

the Northern Zone in mid-1964. (1) Most of these are in Rechna and Bari

Doabs. By the end of 1964 there were about 23, 500 private tubewells on

these two doabs, or about 95 percent of the total in the Northern Zone,

In Table 1 the number of tubewells installed annually since 1959

and the cumulative total are shown for Bari Doab.

Table 1
Private Tubewells
Bari Doab

Year Annual Installations Total Installed
1959 472 1,885
1960 1,253 3,138
1961 1,889 5,027
1962 2, 709 7, 736
1963 3, 305 11,041
1964 3,070 14, 111
1965 3,006 17, 117

(1) Ghulam Mohammad, "Private Tubewell Development and Cropping
Patterns in West Pakistan, Research Report No. 28, Pakistan
Institute of Development Economics, Karachi, March 1965,









This phenomenal rate of growth of private tubewells has led to much specu-

lation concerning the role of private development in the overall agricultural

development of the Northern Zone. In this paper, the impact of these wells

and their probable future role in agricultural development is examined in

the light of presently available information.


Impact of Private Tubewells

In Bari Doab, approximately 1. 5 million acres were commanded

by private tubewells by the end of 1965. This area comprises about 25

percent of the total culturable area. The average area commanded per

tubewell was 84 acres but this varied from 69 acres in Lahore District

to 91 acres in Lower Rechna.

From 1952 to 1959 in Bari Doab, canal diversion increased an

average of 275,000 acre feet per year at the headworks, Figure 1. During

this same period of time cropping intensity increased from about 80 percent

to nearly 100 percent. Cropping intensity in the doab continued to in-

crease after 1959 but canal diversions decreased an average of about

125, 000 acre feet per year. During this period, however, the installed

private tubewells have augmented irrigation supplies allowing crop acreage

to continue increasing. Data are not available for the years 1960-62, but

achieved intensity in 1963 was more than 20 percent greater than the canal

supplies alone would have indicated. In 1964 achieved intensity was more

than 10 percent greater than the potential from canal supplies alone. This

increase in crop acreage can be attributed to the private tubewells.









Furthermore, it appears that crop acreage has been less variable from

year to year as tubewell numbers increased although the lack of data

between 1960 and 1962 makes this difficult to confirm.

In addition to increasing cropping intensities, it appears that the

farmers are also shifting toward a larger proportion of Kharif crops.

This is particularly noticeable in Pakpattan Tehsil where the Kharif:Rabi

ratio for the years 1962-63, 1963-64, and 1964-65 were, respectively,

1:1. 35, 1-1. 18 and 1:1. 06. This shift is due primarily to an increase

in Kharif acreage as Rabi acreage has remained fairly constant in the

tehsil. However, over the entire doab, both Kharif and Rabi acreages

have been increasing. Throughout the doab, the primary increase in Rabi

acreage is in the area sown to wheat. In the Kharif season, the cash crops

have increased -- rice in Lahore and Montgomery Districts, cotton in

Multan District, and sugarcane throughout the doab. In addition, the

acreage of tobacco in Montgomery District has shown a marked increase.

Since 1960 when private tubewells have had the greatest impact,

the yield of gur and rice has increased; however, the yields of both had

declined from earlier years so that this increase is not significant when

viewed from 1948 to the present. On the other hand, cotton yield has

increased on the doab nearly continuously from 1948 and has increased

at a significantly higher rate from 1960 to 1965. Probably more significant

than the increase in yields of the major crops is the decrease in annual

variability. In the three crops mentioned as well as wheat, the annual

variability of yield has declined markedly since 1956-58, Figures 2 to 5.









This is undoubtedly due to the flexibility available from the private tubewells

as opposed to pure canal supplies and precipitation. Although the increases

in yields, in general, do not appear to be statistically significant, it is not

surprising as only about one fourth of the acreage is affected by the private

tubewells. Hence, even a two-fold increase in yields on the affected land

could easily be offset by low, variable yields on the remaining acreage.

Of further significance is the reverse in direction of yields as

private tubewells came into existence. Prior to the mid-fifties, the yields

of most crops were declining owing, in all likelihood, to increasing water-

logging and, in particular, salinity problems. In the absence of the private

tubewells, this trend quite likely would have continued.

In summary, private tubewells have aided in increasing cropping

intensities with a shift to cash crops and wheat, have had a stabilizing

influence as well as an effect on increasing crop yields, and have materially

influenced the increase in total crop production in recent years. The

significance of the impact of private tubewells on the agricultural economy

of the country should not be underestimated. However, there appear to be

several significant marginal factors which are acting to inhibit the potential

future impact which private tubewells will have on the economy.


Future Potential of Private Tubewells

Many reports have substantiated that private tubewells are very

profitable to their owners. The high cost of installation restricts tubewell

ownership to the wealthier farmers, but in some areas farmers with 25









acres or even less are installing the wells. However, as more and more

wells are installed in an area, several factors operate to restrict the area

irrigated by each tubewell. In most areas the very largest farmers are the

first to install the tubewells and the average area commanded per well is

quite large. As the smaller farmers begin to install tubewells, the average

area commanded declines.

Problems of distribution are probably the most significant factor

affecting the use of tubewell water. When only one well exists in a village,

many farmers may be willing to cooperate in the distribution of the water

from the well in order to achieve the attendant benefits. However, as a

second and a third well are drilled, the area irrigated by the first well

undoubtedly declines because the new wells can irrigate some lands more

easily.

At the time of the survey most of the water from private tubewells

was used on the tubewell owner's land. On the average in Bari Doab 85

percent of the area commanded belonged to the owner of the tubewell, but

this proportion varies significantly between areas. In Lahore Tehsil more

than half of the area commanded belonged to someone other than the tubewell

owner. This probably reflects the pattern of a relatively high proportion of

entrepreneur wells which were found in Upper Rechna Doab where nearly

40 percent of the land irrigated belonged to someone other than the owner

of the tubewell. In Montgomery Tehsil more than 20 percent of the area

irrigated by private tubewells belongs to someone other than the owner.

However, in most areas less than 10 percent of the land is so irrigated.










The cross sectional survey of private tubewells conducted in 1966

in Bari Doab has been used to estimate the effect on area commanded per

tubewell as private tubewell numbers increase. Linear regression analysis

indicates that an increase of one tubewell per thousand culturable acres,

decreases the average area commanded per tubewell by about 4. 5 acres.

With a density of one tubewell per one thousand acres, the average area

commanded per tubewell is about 100 acres. With a density of 5 tubewells

per thousand acres, the average command decreases to about 83 acres,

Figure 6. Denoting the average area commanded per tubewell as Y and

tubewell density (number of tubewells per thousand culturable acres) as X,

the regression equation can be written Y = 105 4. 5X. Multiplying by X,

the total area commanded per thousand acres as related to tubewell density

can be found; i. e., YT = 105X 4. 5X2, where YT is total area commanded

per thousand acres. This function, which has a maximum at a density of

about 12 tubewells per thousand acres, has been plotted in Figure 7. Also

shown in the figure is the scatter from the cross sectional survey.

Analysis of the cross sectional data tend to verify the conclusion

that any percentage increase in tubewell numbers results in a smaller

percentage increase in area commanded. Furthermore, it appears that

a maximum is reached in area commanded. This implies that regardless

of the increase in tubewell numbers in the future, area commanded will

never exceed about 60 percent of the CA. (Note on Figure 7 that very few

of the Union Councils have exceeded the density where area commanded

is a maximum). It is also significant that more than half of the Union









Councils exhibit less than average efficiency in area commanded (i. e.,

they fall below the curve, YT, in Figure 7).

It is impossible to predict the number of tubewells which may be

drilled 5 to 10 years in the future. However, as shown in Table 1, the

peak of activity seems to have been reached in 1963. A projection of

culturable area per private tubewell in Bari Doab indicates that tubewell

activity, if it follows its present trend, will decline sharply by 1970 and

be negligible after 1975, Figure 8. This projection indicates an increase

of 35 to 40 percent in number of tubewells over that which existed in 1965,

However, owing to the marginal factors which influence private tubewell

efficiency, the area commanded will increase only about 30 percent.

Hence, probably less than 35 percent of the culturable area in Bari Doab

will be commanded by private tubewells by 1975, if the present trend of

development is continued, Figure 9.

Regardless of the projection of private tubewell numbers in the

future, the area affected will be small in relation to that which is commanded

by the public tubewell projects. In Figure 10, a projection of tubewell

numbers is shown for Bari Doab, assuming an increase of 2, 000 per year.

Even at this rate of increase, by 1990 only about 50 percent of the CA

would be commanded. (1)



(1) This projections shows a maximum command of about 3 million acres,
or about 50 percent of the CA of Bari Doab. The Union Council data
upon which the equations were based yielded a total CA of about 5, 1
million acres. Hence, the previous estimate of 60 percent, applied
to 5. 0 million acres results in the same commanded area. The results
are not inconsistent.










Role of Private Tubewells in Agricultural Development


It is clear that private tubewell development, alone, will not be

capable of achieving the level of agricultural development necessary to

meet internal demand and provide surpluses for full economic development.

But it is also clear that the private tubewells have provided an important

contribution to agricultural production. Agricultural activity in areas of

rapid tubewell development has been stimulated -- cropping patterns are

changing to more profitable crops and crops that earn foreign exchange.

Availability of more adequate water supplies on lands commanded by the

private wells has increased the demand for and use of modern agricultural

technology. As the demand for associated goods and services has increased

in these areas relative to other areas with less tubewell activity, improved

infrastructure activities will begin to appear. Hence, areas with greater

tubewell activity are poised for rapid economic development. But as the

impetus of private development is slowing, a public project will be required

to realize the full potential for development which the private tubewells

have created.

Furthermore, the capacity for private investment in water develop-

ment is more nearly exhausted in areas of highest tubewell density than in

areas of low density. Hence, less interference with potential private water

development capital will be affected if the public projects are implemented

in the more advanced areas. And as the return on capital invested in private

tubewells is so great, those farmers with tubewells will have ready capital

for investing in fertilizers, improved seeds and other modern technologies.










Consequently, private tubewell activity should be considered a

desirable forerunner to more general reclamation and development

activities. More rapid achievement of complete development can be

expected in the areas which are already active in development than in

those areas where little private tubewell activity, and, hence, little

development has occurred.





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Sujabad Tehsil


No. of
Tubewells


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
12
Total or
Average


Total
Area
Served


14
28
8
11
10
16
29
12
6
15
37
10
14
30
34
13
30
1
II
28
29
52
10
448


Area
Served/
Tubewell
(Y)


1,348
2,737
735
900
1,212
728
3,209
1, 192
900
2, 291
3, 826
1,435
1, 560
3,413
3,916
715
2, 121
125
920
3,265
4, 358
2,635
925
44,466


Serial
Numbe r


Tubewells
per
1000 CA
(X)


Total
Cultivated
Area
(CA)

10,535
12,969
10,526
10,823
11,907
7,929
11,168
12, 825
7,883
9, 768
12,835
19,360
13,613
12,181
15,851
8,440
10,310
14,729
9,070
12,744
16,059
14,065
1,810
267,400


96
98
92
82
121
45
111
99
150
153
103
143
111
114
115
55
71
125
84
117
150
51
92
103


1. 3
2.1
0.8
1.0
0. 8
2. 0
2. 6
0.9
0.8
1.5
2. 9
0. 5
1. 0
2. 5
2. 1
1.5
2.9
0. 1
1. 2
2.2
1.8
3. 7
5.5
1. 8


Percent
CA
SServed


13
21
7
8
10
9
29
9
11
23
30
7
11
28
25
8
20
1
10
26
27
19
51
17








Kabirwala Tehsil


Serial
Number


1
2
3
4
7
8
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
19
20
21
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
5
18
Total or
Average


No. of
Tubewells


47
58
47
31
22
33
24
14
27
14
23
20
22
11
64
22
17
30
23
23
37
40
35
56
49
789


Total
Area
Served


4,252
6,461
4,792
2,554
2,400
2,826
2, 062
1, 055
1,962
1,134
1, 250
1, 183
3,075
505
3,912
2,099
1, 153
4,810
2, 360
3,125
2,416
3,884
2,662
3, 525
4, 125
69,581


Area
Served/
Tubewell
(Y)


90
111
102
82
109
86
86
75
73
81
54
59
140
46
61
95
68
160
103
136:
65
97
76
62
84
88


Total
Cultivated
Area
(CA)

12,435 .
15,879
112,046
15,186
12,309
13,300
6,598
10,844
10,664
8,808
7,824
5,098
10,422
8,903
14,546
8,212
6,079
9,060
10,161
8,737
12, 092
9, 192
11,318
9,636
8, 332
257,681


Tubewells
per
1000 CA
(X)


3.8
3.6
3.9
2. 0
1.8
2.5
3.6
1.3
2.5
1.6
2.9
3.9
2. 1
1.2
4.4
2.7
2. 8
3,3
2.3
2. 6
3. 1
4.3
3...
5.8
5.9
3.1


Percent
CA
Served








Multan Tehsil


Serial
Number

1
5
6
7
8
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
32
33
34
35
36
40
2
3
4
9
31
37
38
Total or
Average


No. of
Tubewells

14
9
25
24
31
16
19
26
47
5
6
42
32
23
39
30
51
27
10
34
26
29
37
15
19
10
43
8
5
33
34
37
7
16
28
60
67
47
49
1080


Total
Area
Served

1, 130
246
2, 302
1,418
2,210
1,275
2,243
2,732
4,256
212
243
3,522
2,688
2, 075
2,792
4,672
4, 260
2,672
1, 100
2,637
2,487
2, 248
2, 164'
1,167
1,407
1,309
6,005
711
231
3,290
3, 178
2, 690
110
1,063
1,702
2,718
4, 321
1,504
1,781
84,776


Area
Served/
Tubewell
(Y)

81
27
92
59
71
80
118
105
90
42
40
84
84
90
72
156
84
99
110
78
96
78
58
78
74
131
140
89
46
100
93
73
16
66
61
45
64
32
36
78


Total
Cultivated
Area
(CA)

7,501
2, 632
9,008
6, 354
10,133
7,699
11,032
12,252
11,734
3,414
6,983
11,601
11,379
8,323
10,669
12,544
11,345
10,832
6,843
9,882
9,425
11,648
10,261
5,233
7,529
3,312
11,907
2,645
9,668
8,191
7,999
8,917
750
2,429
5,064
11,185
8,436
6,383
5,205
318, 347


Tubewells


per
1000 CA
(X)

1.9
3.4
2.8
3.8
3.0
2. 1
1.7
2. 1
4.0
1.5
0.8
3.6
2. 8
2.8
3.6
2.4
4.5
2, 5
1. 5
3.4
2. 7
2. 5
3.6
2.9
2. 5
3.0
3.6
3.0
0.5
4. 0
4. 2
4.1
9. 3
6.6
5. 5
5.4
7.9
7.4
9.4
3. 6


Percent
CA
Served

15
9
25
22
22
16
20
22
36
6
3
30
24
25
26
37
37
25
16
27
26
19
21
22
19
39
50
27
2
40
40
30
15
44
34
24
51
23
34
26








Vehari Tehsil


Serial
Number


No. of
Tubewells


1 50
2 27
3 54
4 69
6 29
9 54
10 50
12 24
13 14
14 50
15 38
16 50
17 38
18 68
19 18
21 37
22 35
23 28
24 33
25 32
26 40
27 69
28 15
29 27
30 64
5 55
7 85
8 45
11 92
20 74
Totalor 1364
Average


Total
Area
Served


4,805
1,821
5,526
8,,269
2,642
3,368
3,759
1,930
1,699
4,063
2, 318
5,281
1,606
6, 218
1, 543
4,564
4,032
2,046
4,329
4,380
8,303
9,520
1,387
2,755
5, 107
3,891
4,925
2, 203
4,633
6,460
123, 383


Area
Served/
Tubewell
(Y)


96
67
102
120
91
62
75
80
121
81
61
106
42
91
86
123
115
73
131
137
208
138
92
102
80
71
58
49
50
87
93


Total
Cultivated
Area
(CA)

12,644
11,341
16,655
14, 096
8,607
14,552
10,656
6,942
9,592
11,841
10,339
13,261
14,473
16,772
15,570
15,946
11,271
14,992
14,008
15, 726
16,424
19,688
10,302
12,067
20, 728
10,558
12, 320
8,073
13,481
14,488
397,413


Tubewells
per
1000 CA
(X) ,


3.9
2.4
3. 2
4.9
3.4
3,7
4..7
3.4
1.4
4. 2
3.7
3.8
2.6
4. 0
1, 1
2. 3
3. 1
1.9
2.3
2. 3
2, 0
2.4
3. 5
1.4
2. 2
3. 1
5. 2
6. 9
5.6
6.8
5.1
3. 5


Percent
CA
Served


38
16
33
59
31
23
35
28
18
34
22
40
11
37
10
29
36
14
31
28
50
,48
13
23
15
37
S40
27
34
44
30








Khanewal Tehsil


Area Total Tubewells
Total Served/ Cultivated per Percent
Serial No. of Area Tubewell Area 1000 CA CA
Number Tubewells Served (Y) (CA) (X) Served

2 21 1,349 64 7,084 3.0 19
3 29 2,559 88 6, 125 4.7 42
4 26 2,075 80 8,219 3.2 25
5 26 3,777 145 8,639 3.0 44
6 18 1,940 108 9,219 2.0 21
7 35 3,283 94 7,152 4.9 46
8 45 5,430 121 9,787 4.6 55
9 22 2,140 97 9,159 2,4 23
10 25 1,664 67 9,848 2.5 17
11 23 1,393 61 10,233 2.2 14
15 36 2,518 70 11,378 3.2 22
16 40 3,367 84 9,015 4.4 37
17 26 3,868 149 5,581 4.6 69
19 35 3,048 87 9,482 3.7 32
21 40 2,673 67 10,269 3.9 26
24 23 2, 115 92 7,283 3. 1 29
25 26 1,310 50 6,937 3,7 19
26 50 6,638 133 11,785 4.2 56
28 43 2,923 68 10,443 4.1 28
29 16 1,299 81 7,854 2.0 16
30 29 2,136 74 5,922 4.9 36
31 38 2,466 65 10,822 3.5 23
32 30 3,582 119 16,950 1.8 21
33 22 1,003 46 7,641 2.9 13
34 44 4,178 95 13,322 3.3 31
35 13 1,560 120 9,624 1.3 16
36 54 2,972 55 14,319 3.8 21
37 25 2,442 98 6,863 3.6 35
38 23 2,575 112 10,706 2. 1 24
39 42 2,372 56 11,460 3.7 21
40 34 2,933 186 13,972 2.4 21
1 96 6,781 71 10,527 9.1 64
12 64 5,765 90 5,991 10.7 96
13 56 4,296 77 8,309 6.7 52
14 61 2,119 35 10,247 5.9 21
18 57 6,406 112 8,505 6.7 75
20 78 6,241 80 9,358 8.3 67
23 50 6,139 123 8,732 5.7 70
27 33 3,630 110 5,414 6. 1 67
Total or 1454 124,965 91 364, 176 4.2 36
Average








Lodhran Tehsil


Serial
N urnb e r


1
2
4
5
6
8
9
10
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
3
7
11
12
Total or
Average


No. of
Tubewells


42
37
31
32
9
81
24
30
25
29
37
20
19
18
42
30
13
45
27
32
24
6
51
60
33
20
25
5
58
52
72
61
1089


Total
Area
Served

5, 336
2,645
2, 803
3,742
1, 027
5,591
3,026
4, 219
1, 292
2,502
3,889
1,895
1,649
2,972
4,951
3,764
883
5,061
2,965
4,604
2, 115
1, 212
3, 972
7,910
3,650
2, 325
2,983
600
4,346
5,870
9,981
6,800
116,580
\


Area
Served/
Tubewell
(Y)


127
71
90
117
114
69
126
141
52
89
105
95
87
165
118
135
68
112
110
144
88
202
78
132
111
116
119
120
75
113
139
111
110


Total
Cultivated
Area
(CA)

11,699
11,437
10,276
11,067
2, 507
17, 126
9,728
12, 763
8,839
.19,077
12,462
8,076
12,622
10,197
10,298
8, 362
6,354
14,268
9,369
8,617
11,688
3,739
12,052
13, 270
13,839
12,238
14, 149
4,539
10,888
10,255
13,057
11,415
346,273


Tubewells
per
1000 CA
(X)


3.6
3.2
3.0
2.9
3.6
4.7
2. 5
2. 3
2.8
1.5
3.0
2. 5
1.5
1.8
4.1
3.6
2.0
3, 1
2.9
3.7
2.0
1.6
4. 2
4.5
2.4
1.6
1.8
1. 1
5. 3
5. 1
5.5
5.3
3.1


Percent
CA
Served








Mailsi Tehsil


No. of
Tubewells


Total
Area
Served


Area
Served/
Tubewell
(Y)


Total
Cultivated
Area
(CA)


Tubewells
per
1000 CA
(X)


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
10
11
13
14
15
17
21
22
9
12
16
18
19
20
Total or
Average


Serial
Number


Percent
CA
Served


46
97
58
58
44
33
15
53
67
34
54
26
42
73
26
12
47
65
72
87
67
138
1214


3,971
5,804
5,796
3,904
2, 332
2,450
1,825
6,278
6,384
3,427
6, 373
2,240
3, 705
8,139
1,660
837
2,702
4,328
5,063
2, 043
5, 167
11,793
96,221


86
60
100
67
53
74
122
118
95
101
118
86
88
111
64
70
57
67
70
23
77
85
81


14,464
20, 365
13,022
16,656
10,691
7,986
6,097
14,418
17,485
15,687
17,733
7,988
15, 113
17,640
9,295
7,833
6,518
9,905
11,851
12,905
11,872
16,282
281,806


3.2
4.8
4.4
3. 5
4.1
4.1
2.5
3. 7
3.8
2.2
3.0
3.2
2. 8
4.1
2. 8
1.5
7.2
6.6
6.1
6.7
5.6
8.5
4.3








Dipalpur Tehsil


Serial
Number


No. of
Tub wells


1 23
2 62
4 44
6 47
7 79
8 6
9 23
11 5
13 36
14 27
15 9
16 28
17 14
18 51
19 30
20 78
21 49
22 25
23 53
24 48
25 47
26 71
28 20
30 21
31 49
33 27
35 36
3 41
5 45
10 70
12 21
27 58
29 40
32 86
34 78
Total or 1447
Average


Total
Area
Served

2, 397
4, 038
2, 633
4, 399
10,446
550
1, 630
479
2,811
4,183
1,002
3, 385
1,483
5, 359
3, 285
7, 092
3,609
2,713
4,183
4,045
7, 265
6,749
1,816
2,665
5, 365
1,901
5,669
2,528
4, 073
5, 147
1,384
4,778
3,534
6, 500
5,420
134,516


Area
Served/
Tubewell
(Y)


104
65
60
94
132
92
71
96
78
155
111
121
106
105
109
91
74
109
79
84
155
95
91
127
109
70
157
62
91
74
66
82
88
76
69
96


Total
Cultivated
Area
(CA)

19,927
14, 371
9, 398
15,618
21, 033
8, 724
13, 175
7,960
10,349
10,682
8,480
8,065
5, 556
15, 350
9, 789
21,671
10, 767
6,918
19, 369
18,162
10,706
17,785
8, 143
14,813
12,710
11,669
10,292
7, 798
7,493
9,393
2,799
6,687
7,963
16, 115
7,112
406, 842


Tubewells
per
1000 CA
(X)


1. 1
4.3
4, 7
3.0
3.8
0.7
1.7
0.6
3. 5
2.5
1. 1
3.5
2. 5
3. 3
3. 1
3.6
4.5
3.6
2.7
2.6
4.4
4.0
2.5
1.4
3.8
2. 3
3. 5
5. 2
6.0
7.4
7.5
8.7
5.0
5. 3
11.0
3.8


Percent
CA
Served








Montgomery Tehsil


Serial
Number

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
33
35
36
37
38
42
43
44
45
46
48
49
50


No. of
Tubewells

45
40
18
3
5
17
1
20
13
12
26
14
13
41
S14
33
25
14
24
38
41
37
48
23
38
22
35
61
22
18
37
32
42
43
18
41
44
22
24
12
4


Total
Area
Served

2,685
4, 156
809
162
486
2, 327
200
1,084
1,263
1, 004 '
3, 780
1, 177
964
2, 187
865
1,885
3, 822
1,826
3,023
6, 150
2,936
3, 014
7,620
1,441
3,277
1,498
5, 393
4, 324
2; 375
3,250
7, 325
5,432
6,595
5,562
2,942
3,909
3,563
2,112
932
910
290


Area
Served/
Tubewell
(Y)

60
104
45
54
97
137
200
54
97
84
145
84
74
53
62
57
153
130
126
162
58
81
159
63
86
68
154
71
108
181
198
170
157
129
163
95
81
96
39
76
72


Tbtal
Cultivated
Area
(CA)

12,500
9,445
7, 085
4,932
10,962
6,970
5,884
12,044
9,799
6,728
9,755
9,450
10,069
8, 562
11,522
10,027
8,585
5,536
6,802
8, 072
9, 178
9, 186
13,025
4,810
12, 597
5, 178
10,456
12,590
7,022
13,657
12,456
.9,378
13,954
9,103
4,530
8,650
9,687
7,597
6,461
6, 141
6,032


Tubewells
per
1000 CA
(X)

3.6
4. 2
2.5
0.6
0.4
2.4
0.2
1.7
1. 3
1.8
2. 7
1. 5
1.3
4.8
1.2
3. 3
2.9
2. 5
3. 5
4.7
4.5
4.0
3.7
4.8
3. 0
4.2
3. 3
4.8
3. 1
1. 3
3.0
3.4
3.0
4.7
4. 0
4.7
4. 5
2.9
3. 7
1.9
0. 7


Percent
CA
Served

21
44
11
3
4
33
3
9
13
15
39
12
10
25
7
19
44
33
44
76
26
33
58
30
26
29
51
34
34
24
59
58
47
61
65
45
37
28
14
15
5








Montgomery Tehsil (con't)


Serial
Number


No. of
Tubewells


51 21
53 20
57 19
59 33
60 35
61 23
62 14
63 19
64 56
65 28
66 15
67 26
22 73
30 68
31 59
32 59
34 45
39 67
40 45
41 56
47 60
52 28
54 40
55 37
56 34
58 64
Total or 2124
Average


Total
Area
Served

939
964
4,289
1,615
3,935
2, 503
569
1,742
5, 344
4, 335
1,443
2,460
3,484
2,741
4,940
4, 028
7,320
2,626
3, 705
4,494
3,412
816
.2,039
1,452
1, 043
7, 223
193,476


Area
Served/
Tubewell
(Y)


45
48
226
49
112
109
41
92
95
155
96
95
48
40
84
68
163
39
82
80
57
29
51
39
30
113
95


Total
Cultivated
Area
(CA)

6,750
4,950
7,900
9,464
10,472
8,401
5, 308
5,250
11,533
8, 849
7,705
11,950
9, 716
9,292
8, 187
8,971
8,795
7,758
7,968
10,281
9,337
5,541
3,656
4, 768
5, 728
10,684
575,631


Tubewells
per
1000 CA
(X)


3. 1
4.0
2.4
3.5
3. 3
2.7
2.6
3.6
4.8
3.2
1.9
2. 2
7.5
7.3
7.2
6.6
5. 1
8.6
5.6
5.4
6.4
5.0
10.9
7.8
5.9
6.0
3. 7


Percent
CA
Served








Pakpattan Tehsil


Serial
Number

1
2
7
8
12
14
29
32
36
39
40
47
43
3
4
5
6
9
10
11
13
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
30
31
33
34
35


No. of
Tubewe ls

57
57
26
55
73
59
57
22
46
108
33
70
52
100
87
58
93
25
109
82
62
94
26
64
64
99
74
63
71
58
122
117
54
24
71
119
87
72
74
85


Total
Area
Served

3,935
10, 339
3, 191
2,817
2,745
5,712
3,813
1, 502
4,114
9,706
2,250
8,370
3,892
11,606
9,809
4,517
8, 020
1, 134
9,420
4,454
5,601
6,457
1, 193
7,781
3,711
6,968
4,669

3,442
8, 147
5, 142
4,711
2,818
2, 155
3,455
7, 701
7,420
5,983
5,510
3,921


Area
Served/
Tubewell
(Y)

69
181
123
51
38
97
67
68
89
90
68
120
75
116
113
78
86
45
86
54
90
69
46
122
58
70
63
56
48
140
42
40
52
90
49
65
85
83
74
46


Total
Cultivated
Area
(CA)

15,841
14,978
6,015
11,798
15,058
14,917
16,608
5, 722
18, 382
21,759
8,975
15, 302
15,035
15,791
16,871
8, 740
12, 181
4,079
11,695
15,216
8,921
12,489
4,699
8,502
8, 722
9, 787
9,634
8,450
8,565
10,617
11,231
13,469
7,037
4,399
11,899
14,978
12,478
9,286
9,240
10,070


Tubewells
per
1000 CA
(X)

3.6
3.8
4. 3
4. 7
4.8
4.0
3.4
3. 8
2. 5
5. 0
3.7
4.6
3.4
6. 3
5. 2
6.6
7.6
6. 1
9. 3
5.4
6.9
7.5
5. 5
7. 5
7. 3
10. 1
7. 7
7.4
8. 3
5. 5
10. 9
8. 7
7. 7
5.4
6.0
7.9
7. 0
7.8
8. 0
8.4


Percent
CA
Served

25
69
53
24
18
38
23
26
22
45
25
55
26
73
58
52
66
28
80
29
63
51
25
91
43
7T'
48
42
40
77
46
35
40
49
29
51
59
64
60
39








Pakpattan Tehsil (con't)


Serial
Number


No. of
Tubewells


37 36
38 97
41 48
42 87
44 114
45 35
46 92
48 116
49 39
50 59
51 89
52 22
53 48
Total or 3651
Average


Total
Area
Served

2,468
9,503
4, 324
7,887
8, 182
2,842
8,422
7,462
3, 180
2,985
7, 738
1, 506
5,045
283, 197


Area
Served/
Tubewell
(Y)


69
98
90
91
72
81
92
64
82
51
87
68
105
78


Total
Cultivated
Area
(CA)

5,272
17,885
7, 121
14,420
17, 745
5,903
16,149
15,417
4,845
9,284
13, 327
4, 034
6,869
597,813


Tubewells
per
1000 CA
(X)


6.8
5.4
6.7
6.0
6.4
5.9
5.7
7.5
8.0
6.4
6.7
5.4
7.0
6.3


Percent
CA
Served


U ,








Okara Tehsil


Serial
Nunmb e r

1
2
3
4
5
6
8
10
11
12
13
14
15
17
18
19
20
21
22
25
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
37
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
23
24
35
36
Total or
Average


No, of
Tubwe] is

28
35
14
9
2
2
2
7
13
30
25
25
1
1
3
10
17
15
12
7
9
4
42
8
5
7
42
9
29
7
14
28
18
3
48
20
17
15
14
44
76
84
76
877


Total
Area
Served

2, 018
2, 785
999
1, 007
100
100
250
487
1,017
1,850
3,947
1,415
100
20
242
503
1,018
940
422
2,715
508
712
3,665
473
464
376
1,889
336
1,890
243
530
2,312
916
233
4, 150
1, 159
891
1,850
926
1,659
1, 511
3,788
3,187
55,603


Ari-ea
Served/
Tubee ll
(Y)

72
80
71
112
50
50
125
70
78
62
158
57
100
20
81
50
60
63
35
388
56
178
87
59
93
54
45
37
65
35
38
83
51
78
86
58
52
123
66
38
20
45
42
76


Total
Cultivated
Area
(CA)

8,595
9,083
6,067
9,841
6, 200
7, 115
8,941
9, 108
7, 114
9,196
9,919
7,525
5,467
5, 314
4,484
5,015
4, 327
5,462
11, 178
15,276
9,463
10,665
10,498
5,556
4,835
5,208
10,201
4, 136
S7,465
4,340
5,566
9,570
5, 164
4,934
10,885
11,783
5, 141
9,841
11,433
7,035
2, 684
9,570
9,626
330826


TubewelIls
per
1000 CA
(X)

3. 2
3. 8
2. 3
0.9
0. 3
0. 3
0.2
0.8
1.8
3. 3
2. 5
3. 3
0. 2
0.2
0. 7
2.0
3. 9
2. 7
1. 1
0.4
1. 0
0.4
4.0
1.4
1. 0
1. 3
4. 1
2. 2
3.9
1. 6
2. 5
2.9
3. 5
0.6
4.4
1. 7
3. 3
1. 5
1. 2
6. 2
28. 3
8.8
7.9
3. 0


Percent
CA
Served

23
31
16
10
2
1
3
5
14
20
40
19
2

5
10
23
17
4
18
5
7
35
'8
9
7
18
8
25
5
9
24
18
5
38
10
17
19
8
24
56
40
33
16








Chunian Tehsil


Serial
Number

2
3
4
6
7
8
9
11
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
39
41
42
43
44
46
5
12
20
40
Total o:
Average


No. of
Tubewells

12
5
2
25
26
2
3
14
14
9
11
3
7
25
27
29
18
56
36
12
1
1
20
38
16
6
3
5
14
1
13
27
8
63
3
11
54
23
16
68
r 727


Total
Area
Served

1, 131
232
100
1, 168
1,955
90
125
1,093
955
345
803
147
870
1,225
1,628
3, 130
1, 318
4, 330
2,433
558
45
6
1,499
2,716
1,872
335
135
360
769
50
911
3, 785
579
3, 133
165
1, 050
5,555
1, 173
971
4,874
53,619


Area
Served/
Tubewell
(Y)
94
46
50
47
75
45
42
78
68
38
73
49
124
49
60
108
73
77
68
46
45
6
75
72
117
56
45
72
55
50
70
140
72
50
55
95
103
51
61
72
67


Total
Cultivated
Area
(CA)

7,602
10,096
5,842
8,229
5,699
3,554
5,379
10,257
10,623
5, 389
9, 762
2, 577
8,886
14,568
9,845
10,212.
10,605
13, 112
17,669
5,248
6,234
5, 123
11,601
10,544
9,730
6,718
6, 166
6,355
4,467
4,602
11, 143
5, 782
5, 108
15,558
8,764
3,790
9, 089
4, 193
2, 182
6,618
318,921


Tubewells
per
1000 CA
(X)
1.6
0. 5
0. 3
3. 0
4.6
0.6
0. 5
1.4
1. 3
1. 7
1. 1
1. 2
0. 8
1. 7
2. 7
2. 8
1. 7
4. 3
2. 0
2. 3
0.2
0. 2
1. 7
3.6
1.6
0.9
0. 5
0. 8
3. 1
0.2
1.2
4. 7
1.6
4.0
0. 3
2.9
5.9
5. 5
7. 3
10.3
2. 3


Percent
CA
Served

15
2
2
14
34
3
2
11
9
6
8
6
10
8
17
31,
12
33
14
11
1

13
26
19
5
2
6
17
1
8
65
11
20
2
28
61
28
44
74
17








Lahore Tehsil


Serial
Number


3
4
5
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
24
25
29
31
32
33
35
1
2
22
27
28
30
34
Total or
Average


No. of
Tubewells


18
16
11
11
9
12
12
11
26
10
2
2
16
4
12
48
9
4
3
38
9
1
10
4
21
60
47,
74
36
37
47
24
644


Total
Area
Served


1,228
4,007
730
458
452
479
1, 035
737
5, 127
6,765
165
125
636
180
1,015
3, 194
2,662
360
95
2, 187
3,487
40
842
325
1,367
3, 148
3, 354
2,234
2, 773
2, 020
1,997
961
54,185


Area
Served/
Tubewell
(Y)


68
250
66
42
50
40
86
67
197
676
82
62
,40
45
85
67
296
90
32
58
387
40
84
81
65
52
71
30
77
55
42
40
107


Total
Cultivated
Area
(CA)

5,365
5,563
3,862
4,081
1,941
4,768
10, 255
7, 335
7,218
9,935
6,464
9,036
10,907
4, 123
4,621
9, 076
4,797
5, 379
3, 376
12, 336
6,980
8,209
10, 532
6,569
10,700
8,669
5,628
4,134
3, 786
5, 522
6, 742
3,970
211,699


Tubewells
per
1000 CA
(X)


3. 3
2.9
2.8
26:7
4.6
2.5
1.2
1.5
3.6
1.0
0. 3
0.2
1.5
1.0
2.6
5. 3
1.9
0.8
0.9
3. 1
1.2
0;1
0. 9
0.6
2. 0
6.9
8.4
17.9
9.5
6.7
7. 0
6. 3
3.5


Percent
CA
Served


23
72
19
11
23
10
10
10
71
68
2
.1
6
4
22
35
55
7
3
18
50

8
5
13
36
60
54
73
36
30
24
27








Kasur Tehsil


Serial
Number


No. of
Tubewells


1 11
2 4
3 3
5 3
7 4
8 3
10 4
12 28
13 5
15 1
16 20
18 4
19 33
20 4
21 38
22 7
24 2
25 17
26 1
28 42
29 1
30 14
31 1
32 33
34 3
35 8
36 2
37 6
4 185
6 128
11 43'
14 62
17 52
23 200
27 29
33 132
Total or 1133
Average


* t


Area
Served/
Tubewell
(Y)


Total
Area
Served

.744
820
322
275
265
225
215
1,333
320
10
956
287
2,240
170
1, 136
268
190
2, 147
150
4,733
70
782
12
1,290
205
244
81
344
4,586
2, 359
1, 392
2,452
1, 724
6, 325
1,025
4,628
44,325


Total
Cultivated
Area
(CA)


68
205
107
92
66
75
54
48
64
10
48
72
68
42
20
38
95
126
150
113
70
56
12
39
68
30
40
57
25
18
32
40
33
32
35
35
61


Tubewells
per
1000 CA
(X)


9,632
16,285
6,924
8,253
5,633
6, 055
11,923
8, 094
7,990
6,299
8,920
5, 070
13,229
7,666
10,269
9,689
10,033
12,068
10,017
11,026
5,710
9,.301
5,478
17,643
8,463
5,683
6,907
7, 333
8,484
6,642
8, 132
10,391
5,927
17,355
4,982
9,135
322, 691


Percent
CA
Served


1. 1
0.2
0.4
0.4
0.7
0. 5
0. 3
3.4
0.6
0. 1
2.2
0.8
2. 5
0.5
3. 7
0. 7
0.2
1.4
0. 1
3.8
0. 2
1. 5
0. 2
1.9
0. 3
1.4
0. 3
0.8
21.8
19. 3
5.3
6.0
8. 3
11 5
5.8
14.4
3.4




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